User`s guide | Agilent Technologies 85225F Network Card User Manual

Agilent 85225F
Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent Technologies
Notices
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2005
Manual Part Number
No part of this manual may be reproduced
in any form or by any means (including
electronic storage and retrieval or translation into a foreign language) without prior
agreement and written consent from Agilent Technologies, Inc. as governed by
United States and international copyright
laws.
85225-90023
Acknowledgments
UNIX® is a registered trademark of the
Open Group.
Windows NT® is a U.S. registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Windows® and MS Windows are U.S. registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Edition
First edition, April 2005
Printed in USA
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
1400 Fountaingrove Parkway
Santa Rosa, CA 95403 USA
Warranty
The material contained in this document is provided “as is,” and is subject to being changed, without notice,
in future editions. Further, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable
law, Agilent disclaims all warranties,
either express or implied, with regard
to this manual and any information
contained herein, including but not
limited to the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Agilent shall not be
liable for errors or for incidental or
consequential damages in connection
with the furnishing, use, or performance of this document or of any
information contained herein. Should
Agilent and the user have a separate
written agreement with warranty
terms covering the material in this
document that conflict with these
terms, the warranty terms in the separate agreement shall control.
Technology Licenses
The hardware and/or software described in
this document are furnished under a
license and may be used or copied only in
accordance with the terms of such license.
Restricted Rights Legend
If software is for use in the performance of
a U.S. Government prime contract or subcontract, Software is delivered and
licensed as “Commercial computer software” as defined in DFAR 252.227-7014
(June 1995), or as a “commercial item” as
defined in FAR 2.101(a) or as “Restricted
computer software” as defined in FAR
52.227-19 (June 1987) or any equivalent
agency regulation or contract clause. Use,
duplication or disclosure of Software is
subject to Agilent Technologies’ standard
commercial license terms, and non-DOD
Departments and Agencies of the U.S. Government will receive no greater than
Restricted Rights as defined in FAR
52.227-19(c)(1-2) (June 1987). U.S. Government users will receive no greater than
Limited Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-14
(June 1987) or DFAR 252.227-7015 (b)(2)
(November 1995), as applicable in any
technical data.
Safety and Regulatory Information
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
This installation and user’s guide utilizes the following safety notations.
Familiarize yourself with each notation and its meaning before operating
the Agilent 85225F performance modeling system.
WA RN ING
A WARNING notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an operating
procedure, practice, or the like that, if not correctly performed or
adhered to, could result in personal injury or death. Do not proceed
beyond a WARNING notice until the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
CAU TI O N
A CAUTION notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an operating
procedure, practice, or the like that, if not correctly performed or adhered
to, could result in damage to the product or loss of important data. Do not
proceed beyond a CAUTION notice until the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
NO TE
Installation and User’s Guide
A NOTE calls the user’s attention to an important point or special
information within the text. It provides additional information or
instructions.
3
Safety Symbols and Instrument Markings
Symbols and markings in documentation and on instruments alert you to
potential risks, provide information about conditions, and comply with
international regulations. Table A defines the safety symbols and Table B
on page 5 defines the instrument markings you may find in the
documentation or on an instrument.
Table A
Symbols
Safety Symbols
Definition
Warning: risk of electric shock.
Warning: hot surface.
Caution: refer to instrument documentation.
Laser radiation symbol: marked on products that have a laser
output.
Alternating current.
Both direct and alternating current.
Three-phase alternating current.
Earth (ground) terminal.
Protective earth (ground) terminal.
Frame or chassis terminal.
Terminal is at earth potential. Used for measurement and
control circuits designed to be operated with one terminal at
earth potential.
Terminal for neutral conductor on permanently installed
equipment.
Terminal for line conductor on permanently installed
equipment.
4
Installation and User’s Guide
Table A
Safety Symbols (continued)
Symbols
Definition
Standby (supply). Units with this symbol are not completely
disconnected from AC mains when this switch is in the standby
position. To completely disconnect the unit from AC mains,
either disconnect the power cord, or have a qualified/licensed
electrician install an external switch.
ON (supply). A switch with this symbol closes the instrument’s
power supply circuit, connecting it to the mains supply.
OFF (supply). A switch with this symbol opens the instrument’s
power supply circuit, disconnecting it from the mains supply.
Table B
Instrument Markings
Marking
Definition
The instruction documentation symbol appears when it is
necessary for the user to refer to the instruction in the
documentation.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the European
Community.
This product complies with the WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC)
marking requirements. The affixed label indicates that you must
not discard this electrical/electronic product in domestic
household waste. To return unwanted products, contact your
local Agilent Technologies office, or see www.agilent.com for
more information.
The CSA mark is a registered trademark of the
CSA-International.
N10149
The C-tick mark is a registered trademark of the Spectrum
Management Agency of Australia. This signifies compliance
with the Australian EMC Framework regulations under the
terms of the Radio Communications Act of 1992.
ISM1-A
This text indicates that the instrument is an Industrial Scientific
and Medical Group 1 Class A product (CISPER 11, Clause 4).
ICES/NMB-001
This text indicates product compliance with the Canadian
Interference-Causing Equipment Standard (ICES-001).
Operator Safety Requirements
The following general safety precautions must be observed during all
phases of operation of this system. Failure to comply with these
precautions or with specific warnings elsewhere in this manual violates
Installation and User’s Guide
5
safety standards of design, manufacture, and intended use of the product.
Agilent Technologies, Inc. assumes no liability for the customer’s failure to
comply with these requirements.
For additional safety precautions, including precautions for making device
measurements in a floating ground configuration, see “To ensure your
safety while using the system" on page 76.
6
WA RN ING
This is a Safety Class 1 Product (provided with a protective earthing
ground incorporated in the mains supply cord). The mains plug shall
be inserted only in a socket outlet provided with a protective earth
contact. Any interruption of the protective conductor inside or
outside of the product is likely to make the product dangerous.
Intentional interruption is prohibited.
WA RN ING
If this product is not used as specified, the protection provided by the
equipment could be impaired. This product must be used only in a
normal condition (in which all means for protection are intact) only.
WA RN ING
DO NOT OPERATE IN AN EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERE. Do not operate
the instrument in the presence of flammable gases or flames.
WA RN ING
DO NOT REMOVE THE INSTRUMENT COVER. Operating personnel
must not remove instrument covers. Component replacement and
internal adjustments must be made only by qualified service
personnel. Instruments that appear damaged or defective should be
made inoperative and secured against unintended operation until
they can be repaired by qualified service personnel.
WA RN ING
Installing additional instruments may destabilize the rack cabinet.
WA RN ING
Installing additional instruments into the cabinet electrical system
could produce excessive leakage current. If the protective earth
conductor is interrupted or faulted, the user risks serious injury or
death.
WA RN ING
Prior to adding any additional instruments, review all wiring and
cooling capabilities to verify adequate design margins for normal and
under single fault conditions.
Installation and User’s Guide
Mains power
CAU TI O N
The mains cable shall be permanently connected to the premise circuit
breaker or connected using an agency approved twist-lock connector.
Ground the system
WA RN ING
To minimize shock hazard, the rack cabinet must be connected to an
electrical protective earth ground. The power distribution unit (PDU)
must be connected to the AC power mains through a grounded power
cable, with the ground wire firmly connected to an electrical ground
(safety ground) at the power outlet.
WA RN ING
Any interruption of the protective (grounding) conductor or
disconnection of the protective earth terminal will cause a potential
shock hazard that could result in personal injury.
Before applying power
CAU TI O N
Verify that the product is set to match the available line voltage, the
correct fuse is installed, and all safety precautions are taken. Before
applying power, note the product’s external markings described in
Table A, “Safety Symbols,” on page 4 and Table B, “Instrument
Markings,” on page 5.
CAU TI O N
It is recommended that the premise wiring contain an adequate circuit
breaker for system protection.
CAU TI O N
To remove power from the cabinet, remove the mains supply from the
premise electrical supply.
CAU TI O N
Before switching on this system, make sure that the supply voltage is
in the specified range.
Installation and User’s Guide
7
CAU TI O N
The front panel LINE switch disconnects the mains circuit from the
mains supply. However, the mains supply to the power distribution unit
remains energized.
Fuses and breakers
WA RN ING
For continued protection against fire hazard, use only fuses with the
required rated current, voltage, and specified type (normal blow,
time delay). Do not use repaired fuses or short-circuited fuse
holders. Replace only with an identical fuse.
There are two resettable thermal breakers located on the power
strips. These are in the “hot” and “neutral” lines.
Before cleaning the system
WA RN ING
To prevent electrical shock, disconnect the system from mains before
cleaning. Use a dry (or slightly water-dampened) cloth to clean
external case parts. Do not attempt to clean internally.
Overcurrent protection
CAU TI O N
If the power outlet strip breaker trips once, reset the breaker. If the
breaker trips twice, call a qualified/licensed electrician to service the
test system.
Statement of Compliance and Declaration of Conformity
This product has been designed and tested in accordance with accepted
industry standards, and has been supplied in a safe condition. The
documentation contains information and warnings that must be followed
by the user to ensure safe operation and to maintain the product in a safe
condition.
The Manufacturer’s Declaration of Conformity is available upon request.
Statement of CAN/CSA Compliance
This product has been designed and tested in accordance with
CAN/CSA- C22.2 No. 61010- 1 IEC.
8
Installation and User’s Guide
Compliance with German Noise Requirements
This is to declare that this instrument is in conformance with the German
Regulation on Noise Declaration for Machines (Laermangabe nach der
Maschinenlaermrerordnung - 3.GSGV Deutschland).
Acoustic Noise Emission/Geraeuschemission
LpA <70 dB
LpA <70 dB
Operator position
am Arbeitsplatz
Normal position
normaler Betrieb
per ISO 7779
nach DIN 45635 t.19
Compliance with Canadian EMC Requirements
This ISM device complies with Canadian ICES- 001. Cet appareil ISM est
conformé à la norme NMB du Canada.
IEC/EN 61000-4-2 Electrostatic Discharge Immunity Test
This system passes using criterion C where operator intervention may be
necessary to restart the measurement software operations.
IEC/EN 61326 Electrostatic Discharge and Surge Immunity Test
This system complies with the Electrostatic Discharge and Surge Immunity
requirements in the IEC/EN 61326 standard using Performance Criterion
C.
For Technical Assistance
To receive technical assistance, visit the online assistance web site, or call
the telephone number listed in Table 19 on page 107 appropriate to the
location of modeling system.
Installation and User’s Guide
9
In This Guide...
This guide provides instruction on installing, verifying, and servicing the
system, as well as an introductory system overview and reference material.
This information is presented for use by the customer or an Agilent
Technologies field engineer.
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
This chapter provides a description of the system, its components,
integration, and characteristics.
2
Installing the System
Here you will find instruction on preparing the installation site, receiving
and inspecting the system (including a receiving checklist), installing the
worksurface, ensuring operator safety, connecting the bias networks, and
powering- on the system.
3
Verifying System Functionality
Turn here for instruction on choosing a level of system verification and
performing a post- installation functional verification test using a system
controller running IC- CAP software.
4
Servicing the System
This chapter includes instruction on troubleshooting the system, removing
and replacing system components, ordering replacement parts, and
acquiring additional assistance in solving measurement problems.
A
Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
See this appendix for instruction on cleaning the system connections,
performing a system measurement calibration, and suggested intervals for
periodic component calibration.
B
DC Subsystem Functional Verification Tests
Turn here to find Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter
analyzer and Agilent E5260A/70B high speed/precision parameteric
measurement mainframe functional verification tests that do not require
the IC- CAP software.
C
RF Subsystem Functional Verification Tests
This appendix includes an Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network
analyzer functional verification test that does not require the IC- CAP
software.
10
Installation and User’s Guide
D
CV Subsystem Functional Verification Tests
This appendix includes an Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter functional
verification test that does not require the IC- CAP software.
E
Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Tests
This appendix includes an Agilent 35670A dynamic signal analyzer
functional verification test that does not require the IC- CAP software.
F
Understanding the Bias Networks
Here you will find features, characteristics, a schematic diagram, and
operational information on the bias networks.
G
Network Analyzer Performance Specification Summary
See this appendix for a summary of the network analyzer’s performance
specifications.
For Additional
Information on...
Hardware
Additional information regarding instruments and accessories within the
system is provided in the individual instrument or accessory’s
documentation.
Software
IC- CAP software operating instructions and tutorials are provided in the
Agilent 85190D IC- CAP user’s guide.
Installation and User’s Guide
11
Typeface
Conventions
This guide uses the following typeface conventions to describe various
aspects of a particular hardware or software user interface.
Hardware
Interface
Examples in Body Text
Examples in Procedural Text
and Tables
Front panel hardkeys
Press Preset
Press Cal
Press Preset
Press Cal
Front panel display
softkeys
Press [MORE]
Press [Return]
Press [MORE]
Press [Return]
Front or rear panel
connectors, instrument
markings
RF/DC OUT connector
STIMULUS key group
RF/DC OUT connector
STIMULUS key group
Data field entries
Enter Calset
Enter 18
Enter Calset
Enter 18
Keyboard keys
Press Ctrl+8
Press Enter
Press Ctrl+8
Press Enter
Interface
Examples in Body Text
Examples in Procedural Text
and Tables
Screen buttons and
selections
Click Enter
Select Continuous
Click Enter
Select Continuous
Menu selections
Choose Format > Small
Choose Cal > Full
Choose Format > Small
Choose Cal > Full
Command and menu
names
The Save commands are in
the File menu.
The Save commands are in the
File menu.
Icon and window titles
The Model icons are in the
IC- CAP/Main window.
The Model icons are in the
IC-CAP/Main window.
Program messages
Is the device connected?
Is the device connected?
Data field entries
Enter Calset
Enter 18
Enter Calset
Enter 18
Software
12
Installation and User’s Guide
Contents
1 Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Performance Modeling System Configuration Overview
18
RF and DC Measurement System Configuration 19
Figure 1. System Block Diagram 19
The RF Subsystem 20
The DC Subsystem 20
The Bias Networks 21
Component Integration 22
Figure 2. System Components 23
Table 3. Front Panel System Connections, with Agilent 4156C 24
Figure 3. Front Panel Connections with Agilent 4156C 25
Table 4. Front Panel System Connections, with Agilent E5260A or E5270B 26
Figure 4. Front Panel Wiring Diagram with Agilent E5260A or E5270B 27
Table 5. Rear Panel System Connections with Agilent 4156C 28
Figure 5. Rear Panel Wiring Diagram with Agilent 4156C 29
Table 6. Rear Panel System Connections with Agilent E5260A or E5270B 30
Figure 6. Rear Panel Wiring with Agilent E5260A or E5270B 31
Figure 7. DC/RF Cabling Diagram - DC and RF Configuration 32
CV, RF, and DC Measurement System Configuration 33
Figure 8. System Block Diagram 33
The CV Subsystem 34
Component Integration 34
Figure 9. System Components 35
Table 7. Front Panel System Connections 36
Figure 10. Front Panel Wiring Diagram 37
Table 8. Rear Panel System Connections 38
Figure 11. Rear Panel Wiring Diagram 39
Figure 12. DC/RF Cabling Diagram - DC and RF Configuration 40
Figure 13. DC/RF Cabling Diagram - Parametric Configuration 41
The Low Leakage Switch Mainframe 42
Table 9. Rear Panel Connections, including Low Leakage Switch Mainframe 42
Figure 14. Rear Panel Wiring Diagram including Low Leakage Switch Mainframe 43
Figure 15. DC/RF Cabling Diagram - Parametric Configuration with Low Leakage Switch
Mainframe 44
Installation and User’s Guide
13
1/f Noise, CV, RF, and DC Measurement System Configuration 45
Figure 16. System Block Diagram 46
Figure 17. 1/f Noise Measurement Block Diagram 47
Component Integration 48
Figure 18. System Components 49
Table 10. Front Panel System Connections 50
Figure 19. Front Panel Wiring Diagram 51
Table 11. Rear Panel System Connections 52
Figure 20. Rear Panel Wiring Diagram 53
Figure 21. DC/RF Cabling Diagram - DC and RF Configuration 54
Figure 22. DC/RF Cabling Diagram - Parametric Configuration 55
Instrument Control Interface
Table 12. GPIB Addresses
56
56
The LAN/GPIB Gateway 57
Figure 23. Rear Panel Wiring Diagram for LAN/GPIB Gateway
The System Controller 59
Table 13. Personal Computer Requirements 59
Table 14. UNIX Workstation Requirements 59
The Rack Cabinet
60
Performance Characteristics and Specifications 61
Table 15. Supplemental System Characteristics 61
Interference Standards 61
Performance Modeling System Performance Specifications
RF Subsystem Performance Specifications 62
DC Subsystem Specifications 62
Bias Network Characteristics 62
58
61
2 Installing the System
To prepare the installation site 64
Table 16. Environmental Requirements
Table 17. Electrical Requirements 64
64
To receive the system 65
To unpack the shipment crate containing the rack cabinet
To verify the shipment 68
Table 18. Replaceable Parts
69
To install the work surface
74
To ensure your safety while using the system
76
Precautions for Performing Floating-Ground Measurements
To perform floating-ground measurements
78
14
66
78
Installation and User’s Guide
Precautions for Avoiding Electrostatic Discharge
79
To connect the bias networks 80
Agilent 4156C Systems 80
Agilent 4156C Systems with Agilent 41501B Expander Box
Agilent E5260A/70B Systems 84
To switch on power to the system
82
87
To configure the LAN/GPIB gateway for functional verification
89
3 Verifying System Functionality
To choose a verification process
92
Understanding the System Functional Verification Test
Required Tools 94
Performing the System Functional Verification Test
If you encounter a problem 101
94
95
4 Servicing the System
To troubleshoot the system
104
To remove or replace a system component
To order replacement parts 106
105
To receive additional assistance 107
Table 19. Contacting Agilent Technologies
To package the system for transport
107
108
A Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
To enhance measurement accuracy
112
Understanding System Measurement Calibration
Required Tools 114
114
Performing a Coaxial System Measurement Calibration
If you encounter a problem 116
Periodic System Component Calibration
115
117
B DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Understanding the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Required Tools 120
Performing the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test
If you encounter a problem 121
Installation and User’s Guide
120
121
15
If you encounter a problem
122
C RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Understanding the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Required Tools 124
Performing the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
If you encounter a problem 127
124
125
D CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Understanding the CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Required Tools 130
Performing the CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test
If you encounter a problem 132
130
131
E 1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Understanding the 1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Required Tools 134
Performing the 1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test
If you encounter a problem 136
134
135
F Understanding the Bias Networks
Features
138
Characteristics 139
Table 20. 11612V Option K11/K21 Bias Network Characteristics
Operation 140
Figure 24. Bias Network Schematic
139
140
G Network Analyzer Performance Specification Summary
Network Analyzer System Performance 142
Maximum Output Power 142
Dynamic Range 142
Measurement Port Characteristics 143
Measurement Uncertainty 143
Index
16
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F
Performance Modeling System
Performance Modeling System Configuration Overview 18
RF and DC Measurement System Configuration 19
CV, RF, and DC Measurement System Configuration 33
1/f Noise, CV, RF, and DC Measurement System Configuration 45
The System Controller 59
Performance Characteristics and Specifications 61
Related Topics
“Installing the System" on page 63
“Network Analyzer Performance Specification Summary" on page 141
“Understanding the Bias Networks" on page 137
Use this chapter to familiarize yourself with the measurement
configurations of the performance modeling system. This chapter
introduces the system by describing its operational theory, integration, and
performance.
Agilent Technologies
17
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Performance Modeling System Configuration Overview
The standard Agilent 85225F performance modeling system measures the
DC and RF performance of active and passive devices. You may configure
the Agilent 85225F performance modeling system to measure CV and 1/f
noise with the addition of optional instrumentation and IC- CAP 1/f noise
measurement modules.
For RF and DC performance measurement system configurations, see “RF
and DC Measurement System Configuration" on page 19.
For CV, RF, and DC performance measurement system configurations, see
“CV, RF, and DC Measurement System Configuration" on page 29.
For 1/f noise, CV, RF, and DC performance measurement system
configurations, see “1/f Noise, CV, RF, and DC Measurement System
Configuration" on page 45.
18
Installation and User’s Guide
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
RF and DC Measurement System Configuration
In conjunction with a compatible controller running 85190- Series IC- CAP
software, the Agilent 85225F performance modeling system measures the
DC and RF performance of active and passive devices. The IC- CAP
software then extracts the device parameters and displays the results.
The Agilent 85225F performance modeling system is the integration of
rack- mounted RF and DC subsystems, bias networks, and a system
controller*, as shown in Figure 1†.
Figure 1
System Block Diagram
* The system controller is not included and must be provided.
† This block diagram shows a system with an Agilent 4156C as the DC subsystem. Other instrumentation may
be used. See “The DC Subsystem" on page 20.
Installation and User’s Guide
19
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
The RF Subsystem
S- parameter device characterization is provided by the RF subsystem.
The RF subsystem contains the Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network
analyzer.
Its integrated synthesizer supplies a swept or CW RF source signal from
10 MHz* to 50 GHz.
The integrated test set separates the RF source signal into reference and
test signals, and provides RF connection via cables and adapters to the
external bias networks.
The DC Subsystem
Precision DC characterization and bias for the S- parameter measurements
are provided by one of the following three DC subsystems.
The DC subsystem may contain one of the following three instruments.
Agilent 4156C Precision Semiconductor Parameter Analyzer
The Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer provides
DC force (supply) and sense (measure) capability from its HRSMUs (high
resolution source/monitor units).
Optionally, the Agilent 4156C may be configured with a 41501B SMU PGU
expander is connected to and controlled by the 4156C via the expander
box interface. The 41501B provides a GNDU (active ground unit) and,
depending on option configuration, an HPSMU (high- power source/monitor
unit), two MPSMUs (medium- power source monitor units), and/or two
PGUs (pulse generator units).
The DC signals are routed through feedthrough panels via triaxial cables to
the bias networks.
Agilent E5260A 8-Slot High Speed Parametric Measurement Mainframe
The Agilent E5260A provides DC force (supply) and sense (measure)
capability from its plug- in source/monitor units.
The Agilent E5290A plug- in high speed high power source/monitor unit
provides up to 200 volts of potential and 1 amp of current to the device
under test.
The Agilent E5291A plug- in high speed medium power source/monitor unit
provides up to 100 volts of potential and 200 milliamps of current to the
device under test.
* Due to the minimum operating frequency of the bias networks, the performance modeling system low end
frequency range is 45 MHz.
20
Installation and User’s Guide
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Agilent E5270B 8-Slot Precision Parametric Measurement Mainframe
The Agilent E5270B provides DC force (supply) and sense (measure)
capability from its plug- in source/monitor units.
The Agilent E5280A plug- in high power source/monitor unit provides up
to 200 volts of potential and 1 amp of current to the device under test.
The Agilent E5281A plug- in medium power source/monitor unit provides
up to 100 volts of potential and 200 milliamps of current to the device
under test.
CAU TI O N
Exposing the bias networks to currents greater than 500 milliamps or voltages
greater than 40 volts will result in severe damage. Do not exceed these values
while using the bias networks. Remove the bias networks from the circuit if
greater voltages or currents are required.
The Bias Networks
The Agilent 11612V Option K11 and K21 bias networks combine the DC
and RF signals and apply them simultaneously to the device under test
(DUT). The bias networks are configured with 2.4 mm DC/RF output
connectors for connection to a DUT, a test fixture, or probe station, as
shown in Figure 21 on page 54.
Installation and User’s Guide
21
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Component Integration
System component integration is performed at the Agilent Technologies
factory. The individual components are placed into the rack, and the
required cabling is connected between the instruments.
After factory integration, the system is tested to verify functional
performance.
The Agilent 85225F performance modeling system includes the following
components, as shown in Figure 2 on page 23:
• Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer
• Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer (or
optionally Agilent E5260A or E5270B)
• Agilent 11612V Option K11 bias network (port 1)
• Agilent 11612V Option K21 bias network (port 2)
• Agilent 85133F flexible test port cable set
• Agilent E3661B 1.6 meter rack cabinet
• filler panels, feedthrough panels, work surface, cables, and adapters
For systems with Agilent 4156C, front panel connections are listed in
Table 3 on page 24 and illustrated in Figure 3 on page 25.
For systems with Agilent 4156C, rear panel connections are listed in
Table 5 on page 28 and illustrated in Figure 5 on page 29.
For systems with Agilent E5260A or E5270B, front panel connections are
listed in Table 4 on page 26 and illustrated in Figure 4 on page 27.
For systems with Agilent E5260A or E5270B, rear panel connections are
listed in Table 6 on page 30 and illustrated in Figure 6 on page 31.
22
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 2
1
System Components
Installation and User’s Guide
23
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Table 3
Front Panel System Connections, with Agilent 4156C
Component Information
Connection Information
Designator
Model
Number
Description
1
16494A
Option 002
2
From
Instrument
Connector
Labeled
To Connector On
Labeled
Instrument
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K11
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K11
3
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K21
4
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K21
5
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU3
FORCE
GNDU
11612V K21
6
85133F
Flexible test
port cable
2.4 mm
E8364B
PORT 1
RF IN
11612V K11
7
85133F
Flexible test
port cable
2.4 mm
E8364B
PORT 2
RF IN
11612V K21
24
Connector
Type
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 3
1
Front Panel Connections with Agilent 4156C
Installation and User’s Guide
25
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Table 4
Front Panel System Connections, with Agilent E5260A or E5270B
Component Information
Connection Information
Designator
Model
Number
Description
1
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
E5260A/70B SENSE
HPSMU1
DC SENSE
11612V K21
2
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
E5260A/70B FORCE
HPSMU1
DC FORCE
11612V K21
3
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
E5260A/70B FORCE
MPSMU3
DC FORCE
11612V K11
4
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
E5260A/70B SENSE
MPSMU3
DC SENSE
11612V K11
5
16493L
Option 002
Triaxial
GNDU cable
Triax BNC
E5260A/70B GNDU
GNDU
GNDU
11612V K21
6
85133F
Flexible test
port cable
2.4 mm
E8364B
PORT 1
RF IN
11612V K11
7
85133F
Flexible test
port cable
2.4 mm
E8364B
PORT 2
RF IN
11612V K21
26
Connector
Type
From
Instrument
Connector
Labeled
To Connector On
Labeled
Instrument
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 4
1
Front Panel Wiring Diagram with Agilent E5260A or E5270B
Installation and User’s Guide
27
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Table 5
Rear Panel System Connections with Agilent 4156C
Component Information
Connection Information
Designator Model
Number
Description
1
16494A
Option 002
2
From
Instrument
Connector
Labeled
To Connector
Labeled
On
Instrument
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K21
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K21
3
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K11
4
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K11
5
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU3
FORCE
GNDU
11612V K21
6
10833D
GPIB cable
GPIB
4156C
GPIB
GPIB
E8364B
7
10833C
GPIB cable
GPIB
E8364B
GPIB
GPIB
Controller
NO TE
28
Connector
Type
If the system does not include an Agilent 41501B SMU/PGU expander,
use the Agilent 4156C HRSMU3 FORCE as the GND (ground unit).
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 5
1
Rear Panel Wiring Diagram with Agilent 4156C
Installation and User’s Guide
29
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
CV, RF, and DC Measurement System Configuration
Table 6
Rear Panel System Connections with Agilent E5260A or E5270B
Component Information
Connection Information
Designator
Model
Number
Description
Connector
Type
From
Instrument
Connector
Labeled
To Connector On
Labeled
Instrument
1
10833A
GPIB cable
GPIB
4156C
GPIB
GPIB
E8364B
2
10833C
GPIB cable
GPIB
E8364B
GPIB
GPIB
Controller
30
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 6
1
Rear Panel Wiring with Agilent E5260A or E5270B
Installation and User’s Guide
31
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 7
DC/RF Cabling Diagram - DC and RF Configuration
Systems with Agilent 4156C
Systems with Agilent E5260A or E5270B
32
Installation and User’s Guide
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
CV, RF, and DC Measurement System Configuration
With the addition of a precision LCR meter, the Agilent 85225F
performance modeling system measures the DC, RF, and CV performance
of active and passive devices. The IC- CAP software then extracts the
device parameters and displays the results.
The Agilent 85225F performance modeling system for CV, RF, and DC
measurement is the integration of rack- mounted RF, DC, and CV
subsystems, bias networks, and a system controller, as shown in Figure 8.
Figure 8
System Block Diagram
Installation and User’s Guide
33
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
The CV Subsystem
The Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter provides a wide 20 Hz to 1 MHz
test frequency range and superior test- signal performance, allowing CV
testing to the most commonly- used test standards, such as IEC/MIL, and
under conditions that simulate the intended application.
Optionally, the system can be configured with the Agilent E5250A low
leakage switch mainframe. The Agilent E5250A is used for precise
parametric test. It improves measurement efficiency by eliminating the
need to manually change the probe positions on a manual probe station.
The E5250A is used to route signals from the DC and CV subsystems to
the probe card cable, and on to the probe card and probe station.
Component Integration
System component integration is performed at the Agilent Technologies
factory. The individual components are placed into the rack, and the
required cabling is connected between the instruments.
After factory integration, the system is tested to verify functional
performance.
The Agilent 85225F performance modeling system includes the following
components, as shown in Figure 18 on page 49:
• Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer
• Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer (or
optionally Agilent E5260A or E5270B)
• Agilent 11612V Option K11 bias network (port 1)
• Agilent 11612V Option K21 bias network (port 2)
• Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter
• Agilent 85133F flexible test port cable set
• Agilent E3661B 1.6 meter rack cabinet
• filler panels, feedthrough panels, work surface, cables, and adapters
System front panel connections are listed in Table 10 on page 50 and
illustrated in Figure 19 on page 51.
System rear panel connections are listed in Table 11 on page 52 and
illustrated in Figure 20 on page 53.
34
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 9
1
System Components
Installation and User’s Guide
35
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Table 7
Front Panel System Connections
Component Information
Connection Information
Designator
Model
Number
Description
1
16494A
Option 002
2
From
Connector
Instrument Labeled
To Connector
Labeled
On
Instrument
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K11
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K11
3
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K21
4
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K21
5
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial
GNDU cable
Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU3
FORCE
GNDU
11612V K21
6
85133F
Flexible test
port cable
2.4 mm
E8364B
PORT 1
RF IN
11612V K11
7
85133F
Flexible test
port cable
2.4 mm
E8364B
PORT 2
RF IN
11612V K21
8
16048D
LCR meter
test cable
BNC
4284A
UNKNOWN
36
Connector
Type
Test fixture
or probe
station
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
Figure 10 Front Panel Wiring Diagram
Installation and User’s Guide
37
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Table 8
Rear Panel System Connections
Component Information
Connection Information
Designator
Model
Number
Description
1
16494A
Option 002
2
From
Instrument
Connector
Labeled
To Connector On
Labeled
Instrument
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K11
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K11
3
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K21
4
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K21
5
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU3
FORCE
GNDU
11612V K21
6
10833D
GPIB cable
GPIB
4156C
GPIB
GPIB
4284A
7
10833D
GPIB cable
GPIB
4284A
GPIB
GPIB
E8364B
8
10833C
GPIB cable
GPIB
E8364B
GPIB
GPIB
Controller
38
Connector
Type
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
Figure 11 Rear Panel Wiring Diagram
Installation and User’s Guide
39
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 12 DC/RF Cabling Diagram - DC and RF Configuration
40
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
Figure 13 DC/RF Cabling Diagram - Parametric Configuration
Installation and User’s Guide
41
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
The Low Leakage Switch Mainframe
The Agilent E5250A is used for precise parametric test. It improves
measurement efficiency by eliminating the need to manually change the
probe positions on a manual probe station. The E5250A is used to route
signals from the 4156C and the 4284A to the probe card cable, and on to
probe card and probe station.
Table 9
Rear Panel Connections, including Low Leakage Switch Mainframe
Component Information
Connection Information
Designator
Model
Number
Description
1
16494A
Option 002
2
From
Instrument
Connector
Labeled
To Connector On
Labeled
Instrument
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
SENSE
SMU
INPUT 2
E5250A
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
FORCE
SMU
INPUT 1
E5250A
3
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
FORCE
SMU
INPUT 3
E5250A
4
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU2
SENSE
SMU
INPUT 4
E5250A
5
16048D
LCR meter
test cable
BNC
4284A
UNKNOWN
T1 & T2 (CV1
& CV2)
E5250A
6
10833D
GPIB cable
GPIB
4156C
GPIB
GPIB
4284A
7
10833D
GPIB cable
GPIB
4284A
GPIB
GPIB
E8364B
8
10833D
GPIB cable
GPIB
E8364B
GPIB
GPIB
E5250A
9
10833C
GPIB cable
GPIB
E5250A
GPIB
GPIB
Controller
T1
1250-2405
BNC tee
BNC
4284A
HIpot/HIcur
CV1
E5250A
T2
1250-2405
BNC tee
BNC
4284A
LOpot/LOcur CV2
E5250A
42
Connector
Type
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
Figure 14 Rear Panel Wiring Diagram including Low Leakage Switch Mainframe
Installation and User’s Guide
43
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 15 DC/RF Cabling Diagram - Parametric Configuration with Low Leakage Switch Mainframe
44
Installation and User’s Guide
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1/f Noise, CV, RF, and DC Measurement System Configuration
With the addition of a dynamic signal analyzer and a precision LCR meter,
the Agilent 85225F performance modeling system measures the DC, RF,
CV, and 1/f noise performance of active and passive devices. The IC- CAP
software then extracts the device parameters and displays the results.
The Agilent 85225F performance modeling system is the integration of
rack- mounted RF and DC subsystems, a precision LCR meter, a dynamic
signal analyzer, bias networks, and a system controller, as shown in
Figure 16.
Installation and User’s Guide
45
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 16 System Block Diagram
The 1/f Noise Subsystem
The Agilent 35670A dynamic signal analyzer (in conjunction with a
customer- furnished Stanford Model SR570 low noise amplifier) measures
the flicker noise (1/f noise) of active devices. Controlled by IC- CAP device
modeling software, the dynamic signal analyzer generates reliable 1/f noise
measurement data, which are analyzed and extracted in IC- CAP. Figure 17
shows the system configuration for 1/f noise measurements.
46
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
Figure 17 1/f Noise Measurement Block Diagram
Installation and User’s Guide
47
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Component Integration
System component integration is performed at the Agilent Technologies
factory. The individual components are placed into the rack, and the
required cabling is connected between the instruments.
After factory integration, the system is tested to verify functional
performance.
The Agilent 85225F performance modeling system includes the following
components, as shown in Figure 18 on page 49:
• Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer
• Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer with
optional Agilent 41501B SMU/PGU expander (or optionally Agilent
E5260A or E5270B)
• Agilent 11612V Option K11 bias network (port 1)
• Agilent 11612V Option K21 bias network (port 2)
• Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter
• Agilent 35670A dynamic signal analyzer
• Stanford Research SR 570 low noise current amplifier*
• Agilent 85133F flexible test port cable set
• Agilent E3661B 1.6 meter rack cabinet
• filler panels, feedthrough panels, work surface, cables, and adapters
System front panel connections are listed in Table 10 on page 50 and
illustrated in Figure 19 on page 51.
System rear panel connections are listed in Table 11 on page 52 and
illustrated in Figure 20 on page 53.
* Customer supplied, not included with system.
48
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
Figure 18 System Components
Installation and User’s Guide
49
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Table 10 Front Panel System Connections
Component Information
Connection Information
Designator
Model
Number
Description
1
16494A
Option 002
2
From
Connector
Instrument Labeled
To Connector
Labeled
On
Instrument
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
41501B
HPSMU
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K11
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
41501B
HPSMU
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K11
3
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K21
4
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K21
5
16493L
Option 002
Triaxial
GNDU cable
Triax BNC
41501B
GNDU
GNDU
11612V K21
6
85133F
Flexible test
port cable
2.4 mm
E8364B
PORT 1
RF IN
11612V K11
7
85133F
Flexible test
port cable
2.4 mm
E8364B
PORT 2
RF IN
11612V K21
8
16048D
LCR meter
test cable
BNC
4284A
UNKNOWN
Test fixture
or probe
station
9
8120-1839
Coaxial cable BNC
35670A
CH1
Test fixture
or probe
station
50
Connector
Type
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
Figure 19 Front Panel Wiring Diagram
Installation and User’s Guide
51
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Table 11 Rear Panel System Connections
Component Information
Connection Information
Designator Model
Number
Description
1
16494A
Option 002
2
From
Instrument
Connector
Labeled
To Connector
Labeled
On
Instrument
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K11
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
4156C
HRSMU1
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K11
3
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
41501B
HPSMU
FORCE
DC FORCE
11612V K21
4
16494A
Option 002
Triaxial cable Triax BNC
41501B
HPSMU
SENSE
DC SENSE
11612V K21
5
16493L
Option 002
GNDU cable
Triax BNC
41501B
GNDU
GNDU
11612V K21
6
10833A
GPIB cable
GPIB
4156C
GPIB
GPIB
4284A
7
10833A
GPIB cable
GPIB
4284A
GPIB
GPIB
E8364B
8
10833A
GPIB cable
GPIB
E8364B
GPIB
GPIB
35670A
9
10833C
GPIB cable
GPIB
4156C
GPIB
GPIB
Controller
52
Connector
Type
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
Figure 20 Rear Panel Wiring Diagram
Installation and User’s Guide
53
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 21 DC/RF Cabling Diagram - DC and RF Configuration
54
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
Figure 22 DC/RF Cabling Diagram - Parametric Configuration
Installation and User’s Guide
55
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Instrument Control Interface
Instrument control interface is provided by a General Purpose Interface
Bus (GPIB) or LAN/GPIB gateway. GPIB addresses for programmable
system components are listed in Table 12.
Table 12 GPIB Addresses
Component
GPIB Address
Agilent 34401A digital multimeter
9
Agilent 35670A dynamic signal analyzer
10
Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer
19*
Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter
24
Agilent E5810A LAN/GPIB gateway
21
Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer
16
Agilent E5250A low leakage switch mainframe
22
Agilent E5260A 8-slot high speed parametric measurement mainframe
19
Agilent E5270B 8-slot precision parametric measurement mainframe
19
* The 4156C default GPIB address 17 is sometimes used by other devices with a GPIB address at 16 (for example, an external display (set
to 17) to display the results generated by an instrument at address 16). Change the 4156C GPIB address to 19 using the procedure
described in step 13 of “To switch on power to the system" on page 87 to ensure that IC-CAP can recognize the 4156C.
56
Installation and User’s Guide
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
1
The LAN/GPIB Gateway
The Agilent E5810A LAN/GPIB gateway provides access to the system’s
GPIB instrumentation over an existing local area network. It allows the
use of SICL- or VISA- based applications designed for GPIB over the LAN
without modifying the application beyond a simple address change.
The gateway is a combination of hardware and SICL/VISA software. It
uses client/server technology to extend the standard remotely over the
LAN, allowing remote control from an alternative, more convenient, or
safer location.
Installation and User’s Guide
57
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Figure 23 Rear Panel Wiring Diagram for LAN/GPIB Gateway
58
Installation and User’s Guide
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
The System Controller
A customer- furnished UNIX workstation or personal computer running
Agilent IC- CAP software controls the hardware via GPIB while making
device measurements, then stores, simulates, and optimizes device
parameters, using predefined or user- defined device models. Table 13 on
page 59 lists the personal computer requirements. Table 14 on page 59
lists the UNIX workstation requirements.
Table 13 Personal Computer Requirements
Parameter
Requirement
Operating system
Microsoft Windows NT® 4.0-SP6a or Windows 2000 Professional-SP3.*
CPU
Intel Pentium® class 200 MHz CPU or higher
Display
Super VGA 800×600, 15 inch monitor (1024×728 recommended)
Hard disk space
370 MB. It is recommended that you install IC-CAP software on your local drive.
Recommended file systems are FAT32 and NTFS. Novell file servers are not
supported. VFAT/FAT systems are not recommended for full installations.
RAM
128 megabytes (additional RAM will improve software performance)
Virtual memory
300 megabytes† (Increased virtual memory may be required)
* Windows 95, 98, and ME are not supported.
† For NT 4.0 only: to avoid potential memory problems, ensure your virtual memory space is always greater than your RAM space.
Table 14 UNIX Workstation Requirements
Parameter
Requirement
HP UNIX Workstation
SunOS Workstation
Operating system
HP-UX 11.i with the following patches:
PHSS_24627 HP aC++, AA Runtime
Libraries (aCC A.03.33), PHSS_25718 LIBCL
SunOS 5.7, 5.8, and 5.9
(Solaris 7.0, 8.0, 9.0)
Window manager
HP VUE or CDE/X-Windows V.X11R5
Motif V.1.1/1.2 Open Windows 3.0, or CDE
RAM
128 megabytes (additional RAM will improve software performance)
Swap space
200 megabytes (additional swap space will improve software performance)
Hard disk
300 megabytes for minimum installation
500 megabytes for complete installation including online documentation and application
examples
Display
High resolution color only
Installation and User’s Guide
59
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
The Rack Cabinet
The system is housed in a 1.6 meter rack cabinet. The cabinet provides
line power access, ventilation, mobility, and protection to the system
instrumentation.
A rack- mounted work surface is included for maximum flexibility and
convenience in making in- fixture or coaxial measurements. The work
surface can be removed to facilitate on- wafer measurements using a probe
station. The work surface is coated with antistatic material and connected
to chassis ground. Therefore, an antistatic mat is not required. For
installation instructions, see “To install the work surface" on page 74.
60
Installation and User’s Guide
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Performance Characteristics and Specifications
Supplemental characteristics are not specifications, but are provided in
Table 15 for your convenience.
Table 15 Supplemental System Characteristics
Characteristic
Value
Line voltage
115 volts nominal (90 volts to 132 volts) or 220 volts nominal
(210 volts to 250 volts)
Line frequency
48 Hz to 66 Hz
Circuit breaker amperage rating
6 amps (115 volts), 3.5 amps (220 volts)
Rack weight capacity
818 kilograms (1800 pounds) maximum loaded
Rack external dimensions
1620 mm high × 600 mm wide × 905 mm deep
Rack footprint (top view)
Interference Standards
The IEC/EN 61326- 1 and CISPR Publication 11 standards define the RFI
and EMI susceptibility of the performance modeling system.
Performance Modeling System Performance Specifications
The Agilent 85225F performance modeling system adheres to the
performance specifications of an Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector
network analyzer. Refer to Appendix G, “Network Analyzer Performance
Specification Summary,” starting on page 141.
Installation and User’s Guide
61
1
Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
RF Subsystem Performance Specifications
The overall performance of a network analyzer is dependent on the
individual instruments, system configuration, user- defined operating
conditions, measurement calibration, and cables.
For a specification summary, refer to Appendix G, “Network Analyzer
Performance Specification Summary,” starting on page 141.
In any high- frequency measurement, residual errors contribute
uncertainties to the results.
NO TE
When the system is configured with a probe station, microwave probes, on-wafer
calibration standards, or test fixtures, additional uncertainties are contributed to the
measurement results. Refer to the manufacturer’s documentation for information on probe
station or test fixture characteristics.
DC Subsystem Specifications
Specifications for the Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter
analyzer are listed in its user’s guide, chapter 7 of Volume 1, “General
Information.”
Specifications for the Agilent E5260A 8- slot high speed measurement
mainframe and Agilent E5270B 8- slot precision parametric measurement
mainframe are listed in its user’s guide, Chapter 2, “Introduction.”
Bias Network Characteristics
Table 20, “11612V Option K11/K21 Bias Network Characteristics,” on
page 139 lists the operational characteristics of the bias networks. For
detailed information, refer to Appendix F, “Understanding the Bias
Networks,” starting on page 137.
62
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
2
Installing the System
To prepare the installation site 64
Environmental Requirements 64
Electrical Requirements 64
To receive the system 65
To unpack the shipment crate containing the rack cabinet 66
To verify the shipment 68
To install the work surface 74
To ensure your safety while using the system 76
Precautions for Performing Floating-Ground Measurements 78
Precautions for Avoiding Electrostatic Discharge 79
To connect the bias networks 80
To switch on power to the system 87
This completes the installation process. To confirm the functionality of the
system, continue to Chapter 3, “Verifying System Functionality,”
starting on page 91. 89
Related Topics
“Introducing the Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System" on
page 17
Use this chapter to learn how to first prepare the installation site, and
then receive, unpack, install, and configure the system. This chapter
includes important information on operational safety, as well as
instruction on preparing the installation site, unpacking the system,
ensuring the completeness of the system shipment, installing the work
surface, performing final system configuration, and powering- on the
system.
Agilent Technologies
63
2
Installing the System
To prepare the installation site
CAU TI O N
This product is designed for indoor use in Installation Category II
and Pollution Degree 2 per IEC 61010-1 and 664 respectively.
Follow these steps to prepare the site for system installation.
To prepare the installation site
Step
Notes
1 Ensure that your installation site meets the
environmental requirements.
• Environmental requirements (temperature,
2 Ensure that your installation site meets the
electrical requirements.
• Electrical requirements are listed in Table 17.
relative humidity, altitude, and clearance) are
listed in Table 16.
Table 16 Environmental Requirements
Environmental Parameter
System Requirement
Temperature
+0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F) *†
Relative humidity
Maximum 80% for temperatures up to 31°C
decreasing linearly to 50% at 40°C
Altitude
Up to 3000 meters (approximately 10000 feet)
Clearance (behind and above rack)‡
15 centimeters (6 inches) minimum
* Install air conditioning and heating as needed to achieve the required ambient temperature range.
† Accuracy-enhanced measurement performance is specified at an ambient temperature range of
+25°C ±5°C. After calibration, hold the ambient temperature of the measurement environment to
±1°C of the ambient temperature at the time of calibration.
‡ Required to ensure the extractor fans can properly ventilate the system.
Table 17 Electrical Requirements
64
Electrical Parameter
System Requirement
Supply capability
100/120 volts, 2000 VA
200/240 volts, 2000 VA
Circuit sharing
Do not connect air conditioning or
motor-operated equipment to the same ac
circuit supplying line voltage to the system.
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
To receive the system
Follow these steps to store, inspect, and confirm the system shipment.
To receive the system
Step
Action
Notes
1 Store and inspect the
shipment.
a Keep the shipping containers together,
unopened, located in one area.
b Inspect the shipping containers for
damage.
• If the shipment is damaged, continue to
step 2.
• If the shipment is verified undamaged,
continue to the next section, “To unpack
the shipment crate containing the rack
cabinet" on page 66.
• Keep all cartons and packaging
2 If the system is damaged,
notify appropriate parties.
a Report the shipment damage to your
Agilent Technologies sales representative.
b Report the shipment damage to the
shipping carrier.
c Provide all cartons and packaging material
for inspection by the shipping carrier.
• Agilent Technologies will repair or
Installation and User’s Guide
material until the entire shipment has
been verified undamaged and
complete, and the system has passed
visual inspection and functional
verification.
replace damaged equipment without
waiting for a claim settlement from the
shipping carrier.
65
2
Installing the System
To unpack the shipment crate containing the rack cabinet
The racked system is shipped upright secured to a pallet. Other system
components are shipped separately. Follow these instructions to unpack
and inspect the rack cabinet and the racked system components.
Required Tools
• 9/16 inch wrench or adjustable end wrench
• Prying tool to remove packaging clamps
WA RN ING
Always wear safety glasses when removing the clamps and other
packing materials from the crate.
CAU TI O N
Be careful not to bend the clamps while removing them from the
shipping crate. You may reuse the clamps when the system is
repacked.
To unpack the shipment crate containing the rack cabinet
Step
Action
1 Remove the outer packing a Remove the clamps holding the packing
crate.
crate top cover in place.
b Remove the top cover and set it aside.
c Remove the clamps holding the first
packing crate wall in place.
d Insure that two other people are available
to hold the last two walls in place as the
last set of clamps is removed.
e Remove the other walls.
f Set the loading ramp panel aside for now.
2 Remove the packaging
materials.
66
Notes
• Which wall is removed first does not
matter.
• In double-rack crates, the heaviest wall
is the loading ramp. In single-rack
crates, the loading ramp is shipped
inside the crate, placed on top of the
rack (it is a hinged assembly, shipped in
the folded position).
a Remove the foam top cover.
b Remove the plastic wrapping from the
system.
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
To unpack the shipment crate containing the rack cabinet (continued)
Step
Action
3 Unload the system
a Remove the two brace bolts attaching the
side brace assembly to the bottom pallet.
b Remove the side brace assembly.
c Lift the hinged slat and remove the ramp
anchor bolt.
d Place one end of the ramp on the pallet
ramp ledge.
e Insert the ramp anchor bolt and fold down
the hinged slat.
f Fold down the ramp’s end flap.
WA RN ING
Notes
• To secure the ramp, you may place long
wood screws through the ramp and
into the ramp ledge.
A racked system is tall and top-heavy. It is easy to tip the rack
over while moving it, which could result in injury or death.
Unloading the system safely requires the participation of four
persons exercising care so as not to topple the rack cabinet. Do
not stand in front of the rack as it rolls down the ramp.
g Ensure that the rack cabinet leveling feet
are retracted and that the cabinet casters
are rolling freely.
h Roll the system down the ramp using
extreme care.
i Carefully roll the rack toward its prepared
place within the measurement
environment.
Installation and User’s Guide
• In case the system must be moved in
the future, retain and reuse these
packing materials. You can also
purchase replacement packing
materials from Agilent Technologies.
67
2
Installing the System
To verify the shipment
Use Table 18 “System Receiving Checklist and Replaceable Parts” to:
• confirm the completeness of the shipment
• provide component part and model numbers required to order
replacement parts
All replacement items are available from Agilent Technologies. Part
numbers for replacement instrument subassemblies are listed in their
individual service manuals.
The majority of the system components are shipped preconfigured in the
system rack cabinet.
The PGUs (pulse generator units) and GNDU (active ground unit) are
factory- installed in the 41501B PGU expander.
With the exception of the bias networks, semi- rigid and SMU triaxial
cables, all other cables are connected at the factory.
NO TE
Other cables and accessories are shipped inside the rack-mounted storage drawer.
To verify the shipment
Step
Action
Notes
1 Verify that the serial
numbers on the rear panel
of the system instruments
match the serial numbers
listed in the shipping
documentation.
Compare the serial numbers listed in the
shipping documents with the serial numbers
on the instrument’s rear panel serial number
labels.
• If an instrument serial number does not
match the shipping document, report
mismatched serial number to your
Agilent Technologies sales
representative.
• If all instrument serial numbers match
the shipping documents, continue to
step 2.
• For a list of support contacts, see “To
68
receive additional assistance" on
page 107.
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
To verify the shipment (continued)
Step
Action
Notes
2 Complete the receiving
checklist.
a Compare the Bill of Materials to the system • Refer to the Bill of Materials included
components received in the shipment.
with the shipment.
b Verify the shipment is complete.
• If the shipment is confirmed incomplete,
go to step 3.
• If you have confirmed the presence of all
system components, the receiving
process is complete. Proceed to the next
section “To ensure your safety while
using the system" on page 76.
• For a list of support contacts, see “To
3 If the system is
incomplete, report
missing items to your
Agilent Technologies
sales representative.
receive additional assistance" on
page 107.
1
Table 18 Replaceable Parts
Part or Model Number
Description
10833A
GPIB cable, 1 meter
10833B
GPIB cable, 2 meter
10833C
GPIB cable, 4 meters
10833D
GPIB cable, 0.5 meter
11612T Option K33
Mounting plates, bias networks to probe station
11612V Option K11
Bias network, port 1, 45 MHz to 50 GHz, 0.5 A
11612V Option K21
Bias network, port 2, 45 MHz to 50 GHz, 0.5 A
11900A
Adapter, 2.4 mm (male-to-male)
11900B
Adapter, 2.4 mm (female-to-female)
11900C
Adapter, 2.4 mm (male-to-female)
1250-0080
Adapter, BNC, 50 ohm (female-female)
1250-1700
Adapter, coax
1250-2405C
Adapter, BNC coaxial tee
1250-3231
Adapter, triaxial BNC (female to male)
16048D
Test leads, 4 terminal pair, 1.98 meter
16493J Option 001
Interlock cable, 1.5 meter
16493L Option 001
GNDU cable, 1.5 meter
Installation and User’s Guide
69
2
Installing the System
Table 18 Replaceable Parts (continued)
70
Part or Model Number
Description
16494A Option 001
Triaxial cable, 1.5 meter
16494A Option 002
Triaxial cable, 3 meter
16494B Option 001
Kelvin triaxial cable, 1.5 meter
16494B Option 002
Kelvin triaxial cable, 3 meter
34401A
Digital multimeter
35181M
Storage drawer
35670A
Dynamic signal analyzer
35670A Option AX4
Rack flange kit
35670A Option AY2
Two-input channel configuration
35670A Option AY6
Four-input channel configuration
35670A Option 1D4
Arbitrary source
41501B
SMU/PGU expander with GNDU and cable
41501B Option 410
Add 41501B with high power SMU and cables
41501B Option 412
Add high power SMU, 2 PGUs, and cables
41501B Option 420
Add 2 medium power SMUs and cables
41501B Option 422
Add 2 medium power SMUs, 2 PGUs, and cables
41501B Option 902
Cable, power, Europe
41501B Option 903
Cable, power, US and Canada
4156C
Precision semiconductor parameter analyzer
4156C Option 010
Delete all 4156C cables
4156C Option 020
Delete Windows controller for parameter analysis and
characterization
4156C Option 200
1.5 meter interlock, 4 coaxial, 4 triaxial cables
4156C Option 230
3.0 meter interlock, 4 coaxial, 4 triaxial cables
4284A
Precision LCR meter
4284A Option 001
Add DC amplifier
4284A Option 006
Add 2 meter/4 meter cable operation
4284A Option 909
Rack mount kit
4284A Option ABA
English documentation
4284A Option ABJ
Japanese documentation
5063-9220
Rack mount kit with handles, 2-EIA
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
Table 18 Replaceable Parts (continued)
Part or Model Number
Description
5063-9221
Rack mount kit with handles, 3-EIA
5063-9222
Rack mount kit with handles, 4-EIA
5063-9223
Rack mount kit with handles, 5-EIA
5063-9224
Rack mount and handle kit, 6-EIA
5063-9225
Rack mount and handle kit, 7-EIA
8120-1396
Line power cord, 220V
8120-1839
Cable, BNC, 50 ohm, 24 inch
8120-1405
Line power cord, 120V
8120-1840
Cable, BNC, 48 inch
8120-2582
Cable
8120-5068
Cable
8490D Option 010
Attenuator, 2.4 mm coaxial, fixed 10 dB, DC to 50 GHz
85043-20001
Ground stud
85043-20002
Shoulder screw
85043-80013
Anti-static mat kit
85056A
Precision calibration kit, 2.4 mm
85056D
Economy calibration kit, 2.4 mm
85106-60038
Work surface, 1 meter
85107-20004
Semi-rigid cable, 9 inch, 2.4 mm (m-m)
85133F
2.4 mm flexible test port cable set
85225-90023
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System Installation and
User’s Guide
C2790AC
Ballast, 30 pounds
E3661B
Rack cabinet, 1.6 meter
E3661B Option AW3
Power distribution unit, 100/120 volts
E3661B Option AW5
Power distribution unit, 220/240 volts
E3663AC
Rail kit (2 rails per)
E3668B
Feedthrough panel
E4470AZ
Extractor fan, 100 to 120 volts
E4471AZ
Extractor fan, 200 to 240 volts
E5250A
Low leakage switch mainframe
Installation and User’s Guide
71
2
Installing the System
Table 18 Replaceable Parts (continued)
72
Part or Model Number
Description
E5252A
10 x 12 switch matrix
E5260A
8-slot high speed parametric measurement mainframe
E5260A Option 050
50 Hz line power frequency
E5260A Option 060
60 Hz line power frequency
E5260A Option ABA
English documentation
E5260A Option ABJ
Japanese documentation
E5290A
High speed high power source monitor unit
E5291A
High speed medium power source monitor unit
E5270B
8-slot parametric measurement solution
E5270B Option 050
50 Hz line power frequency
E5270B Option 060
60 Hz line power frequency
E5270B Option ABA
English localization
E5270B Option ABJ
Japanese localization
E5280A
Precision high power source monitor unit
E5281A
Precision medium power source monitor unit
E5286A
High resolution source monitor unit
E5810A
LAN/GPIB gateway
E5810A Option 100
Rack mount kit
E5810A Option AG6
I/O libraries client software for MS Windows
E5810A Option ABJ
Japanese documentation
E7731A
Filler panel, 1-EIA unit
E7732A
Filler panel, 2-EIA unit
E7733A
Filler panel, 3-EIA unit
E7734A
Filler panel, 4-EIA unit
E7735A
Filler panel, 5-EIA unit
E7736A
Filler panel, 6-EIA unit
E7737A
Filler panel, 7-EIA unit
E8364B
PNA Series vector network analyzer, 10 MHz to 50 GHz
E8364B Option 010
Time domain analysis capability
E8364B Option 014
Configurable test set
E8364B Option 016
Receiver attenuators
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
Table 18 Replaceable Parts (continued)
Part or Model Number
Description
E8364B Option 022
Extended memory
E8364B Option 080
Frequency offset
E8364B Option 081
Reference receiver switch
E8364B Option 083
Frequency converter measurement application
E8364B Option 1CP
Rack mount kit with handles
E8364B Option H08
Pulsed RF measurement capability
E8364B Option H11
IF access
E8364B Option UNL
Extended power range
Installation and User’s Guide
73
2
Installing the System
To install the work surface
If the system will not be used with a probe station, install the work
surface to facilitate in- fixture or coaxial measurements.
The work surface is designed to fit onto the rack below the network
analyzer. When the following procedure is performed properly, the work
surface maintains a path to chassis ground through the support rails and
the rack cabinet.
Follow these instructions to install the work surface.
Required Tools
• Medium Pozidriv screwdriver
• Small flat- blade screwdriver
To install the work surface
Step
Action
Notes
1 Prepare to install the work a Fully extend the four lock feet at the bottom • The lock feet prevent the cabinet from
moving on the casters.
surface.
of the rack cabinet.
b Unpack the work surface and the work
surface support rails.
• These are the positions of the support
c Lay the rails down so that:
rails when installed in the rack.
• the ends with the single pemmed hole
are facing the front,
• the ends with the keyhole-shaped cutout
are facing the rear,
• and the rails are facing inward toward
each other.
2 Attach the support rails to a Pass the large end of the keyhole-shaped
the rack cabinet.
cutout in each rail over the shoulder screw
already mounted inside the rack.
b Slide the rails to the rear of the rack.
c Use one 1/2 inch long 10-32 Pozidriv screw,
one split lock washer, and one flat washer
to secure each rail.
• You may need to hold the rails in place
d Before tightening the screws, ensure that
as you tightened the screws.
the rails are level.
e Tighten the screws.
74
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
To install the work surface (continued)
Step
Action
3 Attach the work surface
to the support rails.
a Slide the work surface onto the support
rails.
b Slide the work surface all the way back on
the rails until it comes to rest against the
front of the rack cabinet.
c Use 1/2 inch long 10-32 screws to secure
the work surface to the rails from the
beneath.
Installation and User’s Guide
Notes
75
2
Installing the System
To ensure your safety while using the system
This product has been designed and tested in accordance with
international standards. Bias current and voltage are supplied to the DUT
from the DC subsystem. This instrument can force dangerous voltages to
the FORCE, SENSE, and GUARD connectors. DC subsystem is connected to
the device through the bias networks and test fixture or probe station.
WA RN ING
Failure to comply with the following precautionary safety instructions prior to
operating the system could result in serious injury or death.
With some installed options, the Agilent 4156C or Agilent E5260A/70B used in
this system can supply voltages up to ±200 volts DC. Depending on operating
conditions, hazardous voltages can be present at points in the system that
could potentially come in contact with the system operator.
Before operating the system, follow these steps to ensure your safety.
To ensure your safety while using the system
Step
Action
1 Never operate the system
without a safety earth
ground.
a Ensure that a safety earth ground is
• Capacitors within the system
connected between the system power
components can remain charged even
distribution unit and the line power source.
after the system is disconnected from
its line power source.
b If it is likely that the safety earth ground
has been impaired, the system must be
rendered inoperative and secured against
unintended operation.
2 Never attempt to service
the system.
a Contact Agilent Technologies if service is
required.
• The system may only be serviced,
3 Open the DC subsystem
interlock connection
whenever possible.
a Close the DC subsystem INTLK (Interlock)
connection only when voltages greater
than ±42 volts DC are required.
• Depending on installed options, the
76
Notes
adjusted, maintained, or repaired by
qualified personnel.
SMU output can be as high as
±200 volts DC. As long as the INTLK
connection is open, the voltage is
clamped to ±42 volts DC maximum.
• For instruction on installing an
interlock switch on a shielding box, see
“To Make an Interlock Connection” in
the 4156C user’s guide (volume 1) or
“Connecting the Interlock Terminal” in
chapter 3 of the E5270 user’s guide.
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
To ensure your safety while using the system (continued)
Step
Action
Notes
4 Be aware of potential
shock hazards during
floating-ground
measurements.
a Do not touch any of the DC subsystem
output connectors when the shorting bar is
disconnected and a floating-ground
measurement is in progress.
b Warn others working in the system’s
vicinity of the potential shock hazards.
• For additional information, see the
following section “Precautions for
Performing Floating-Ground
Measurements.”
a Switch off the DC subsystem and discharge
5 Before touching the
the capacitors.
FORCE, SENSE, or GUARD
connectors, ensure your
b If you do not switch off the instruments,
safety.
complete ALL of the following
precautionary steps:
• Terminate the DC subsystem
measurement by pressing the Stop key
and confirming that the MEASUREMENT
indicator is not lit.
• Deactivate the standby mode (if used) by
pressing the Standby key and confirming
that the Standby indicator is not lit.
• Confirm that the HIGH VOLTAGE
indicator is not lit.
• Open the interlock connection.
6 Never use replacement
fuses with incorrect
ratings.
7 Install the instrument so
that the ON/OFF switch is
readily identifiable and
easily reached by the
operator.
Installation and User’s Guide
a After finding the cause of failure, replace
component fuses with fuses of the same
current rating and of the type specified in
the instrument’s product documentation.
• Failure to use correctly rated fuses
could result in a fire hazard and
damage to the equipment.
• The ON/OFF switch is the system
disconnecting device. It disconnects
the mains circuit from the mains supply
before other parts of the instrument.
• Alternately, an externally installed
switch or circuit breaker (readily
identifiable and easily reached by the
operator) may be used as a
disconnection device.
77
2
Installing the System
Precautions for Performing Floating-Ground Measurements
IC- CAP measurements can be performed with the device in a
floating- ground configuration. This prevents ground- loop noise and, in the
case of a bipolar junction transistor, damage to the device under test.
A floating- ground configuration is created by removing the shorting bar
that connects the CIRCUIT COMMON and CHASSIS GROUND terminals.
WA RN ING
A potential shock hazard exists when the shorting bar is disconnected for
floating-ground measurements. Do not touch any of the DC subsystem rear
panel connectors while a floating ground measurement is in progress.
If you are making measurements in a floating- ground configuration, ensure
that the shorting bar is disconnected between the CIRCUIT COMMON and
CHASSIS GROUND terminals.
To perform floating-ground measurements
When floating ground measurements are necessary, remove the rear front
panel shorting bar connecting the CIRCUIT COMMON and CHASSIS
GROUND terminals.
When the shorting bar is removed, you must drive the DUT circuit
common with either an SMU, GNDU, or by connecting directly to the DC
subsystem circuit common. The circuit common can be found at the DUT
ends of the SMU and GNDU cables.
NO TE
The circuit common is not connected through the bias networks.
Read “Precautions for Performing Floating- Ground Measurements" on
page 78, then follow these steps to connect the CIRCUIT COMMON to an
external ground.
To connect an external ground to the circuit common
Step
1 Remove the shorting bar connecting the CIRCUIT COMMON and CHASSIS
GROUND terminals.
2 Connect the external ground to the CIRCUIT COMMON of the DC subsystem.
78
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
Precautions for Avoiding Electrostatic Discharge
Never operate the system without taking precautions to avoid electrostatic
discharge that could damage the system or the device under test.
CAU TI O N
Even relatively small currents resulting from electrostatic discharge
undetectable to the system operator can damage current-sensitive devices and
system components.
To take precautions against electrostatic discharge
Step
1 Wear an antistatic wrist strap.
2 Connect the wrist strap to chassis ground.
Installation and User’s Guide
79
2
Installing the System
To connect the bias networks
Follow these steps to connect the bias networks to the system, and the
device under test to the bias networks.
Agilent 4156C Systems
To connect the bias networks
Step
Action
Notes
a Connect the triaxial cables from the 4156C
HRSMU1 FORCE and SENSE connectors to
the DC FORCE and DC SENSE connectors
on the port 1 bias network.
b Connect the triaxial cables from the 4156C
HRSMU2 FORCE and SENSE connectors to
the DC FORCE and DC SENSE connectors
on the port 2 bias network.
• From the rear of the system, route the
1 For Agilent 4156C
systems, refer to the
following figure.
2 Connect the triaxial
cables from the 4156C to
the bias networks.
80
cable through the feedthrough panel.
• The port 1 bias network is the 11612V
K11.
• The port 2 bias network is the 11612V
K21.
• Refer to Figure 5 on page 29.
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
To connect the bias networks (continued)
Step
Action
3 Connect and route the
triaxial cable from 4156C
HRSMU3 FORCE
connector to the port 2
bias network.
a From the rear of the system, connect one
• The triaxial cable model number is
end of the triaxial cable to the HRSMU3
16494A Option 002.
FORCE connector on the 4156C rear panel. • Leave the GNDU connector on the port
b From the rear of the system, route the cable
1 bias network open.
through the upper feedthrough panel.
c Connect the triaxial cable to the port 2 bias
network GNDU connector.
4 Connect the Agilent
E8364B test ports to the
bias networks.
a Connect one end of the port 1 test port
• The test port cables model number is
cable to the Agilent E8364B test port 1.
85133F.
b Connect the other end of the test port 1 test • The 2.4 mm female-to-male adapter
port cable to the 2.4 mm female-to-male
model number is 11900C. Without this
adapter.
adapter, the test port cable will not
properly mate with the bias network
c Connect the 2.4 mm female-to-male
RF IN connector.
adapter to the RF IN connector on the
11612V Option K11 bias network.
• The 2.4 mm male-to-male adapter
model number is 11900A.
d Connect one end of the port 2 test port
cable to the Agilent E8364B test port 2.
e Connect the other end of the test port 2 test
port cable to the 2.4 mm male-to-male
adapter.
f Connect the other end of the 2.4 mm
male-to-male adapter to the RF IN
connector of the 11612V K21 bias network.
5 Connect the bias
networks to the device
under test.
a Connect one semi-rigid cable to the RF/DC
OUT connector of the port 1 bias network.
b Connect the other semi-rigid cable to the
RF/DC OUT connector of the port 2 bias
network.
c Connect the device under test to the
semi-rigid cable attached to the port 1 bias
network.
d Connect the device under test to the
semi-rigid cable attached to the port 2 bias
network.
Installation and User’s Guide
Notes
• The semi-rigid cables part number is
85107-20004.
81
2
Installing the System
Agilent 4156C Systems with Agilent 41501B Expander Box
To connect the bias networks
Step
Action
Notes
a Connect the triaxial cables from the 4156C
HRSMU1 FORCE and SENSE connectors to
the DC FORCE and DC SENSE connectors
on the port 1 bias network.
b Connect the triaxial cables from the 41501B
HPSMU FORCE and SENSE connectors to
the DC FORCE and DC SENSE connectors
on the port 2 bias network.
• From the rear of the system, route the
1 For Agilent 4156C with
41501B expander box
systems, refer to the
following figure.
2 Connect the triaxial
cables from the 4156C to
the bias networks.
3 Connect and route the
triaxial cable from 4156C
HRSMU3 FORCE
connector to the port 2
bias network.
82
cable through the feedthrough panel.
• The port 1 bias network is the 11612V
K11.
• The port 2 bias network is the 11612V
K21.
• Refer to Figure 20, “Rear Panel Wiring
Diagram,” on page 53.
a From the rear of the system, connect one
• The triaxial cable model number is
end of the triaxial cable to the GNDU
16494A Option 002.
connector on the 41501B rear panel.
• Leave the GNDU connector on the port
b From the rear of the system, route the cable
1 bias network open.
through the upper feedthrough panel.
• Refer to Figure 3, “Front Panel
c Connect the triaxial cable to the port 2 bias
Connections with Agilent 4156C,” on
network GNDU connector.
page 25.
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
To connect the bias networks (continued)
Step
Action
4 Connect the Agilent
E8364B test ports to the
bias networks.
a Connect one end of the port 1 test port
• The test port cables model number is
cable to the Agilent E8364B test port 1.
85133F.
b Connect the other end of the test port 1 test • The 2.4 mm female-to-male adapter
port cable to the 2.4 mm female-to-male
model number is 11900C. Without this
adapter.
adapter, the test port cable will not
properly mate with the bias network
c Connect the 2.4 mm female-to-male
RF IN connector.
adapter to the RF IN connector on the
11612V Option K11 bias network.
• The 2.4 mm male-to-male adapter
model number is 11900A.
d Connect one end of the port 2 test port
cable to the Agilent E8364B test port 2.
e Connect the other end of the test port 2 test
port cable to the 2.4 mm male-to-male
adapter.
f Connect the other end of the 2.4 mm
male-to-male adapter to the RF IN
connector of the 11612V K21 bias network.
5 Connect the bias
networks to the device
under test.
a Connect one semi-rigid cable to the RF/DC
OUT connector of the port 1 bias network.
b Connect the other semi-rigid cable to the
RF/DC OUT connector of the port 2 bias
network.
c Connect the device under test to the
semi-rigid cable attached to the port 1 bias
network.
d Connect the device under test to the
semi-rigid cable attached to the port 2 bias
network.
Installation and User’s Guide
Notes
• The semi-rigid cables part number is
85107-20004.
83
2
Installing the System
Agilent E5260A/70B Systems
To connect the bias networks
Step
Action
Notes
1 For Agilent E5260A/70B
systems, refer to the
following figure.
2 Connect the triaxial
a From the front of the system rack, connect
cables to the E5260A/70B
triaxial cables to the front panel high power
SMUs.*
SMU FORCE and SENSE outputs on the
E5260A/70B.
b Connect a triaxial cable to the front panel
medium power SMU FORCE and SENSE
outputs on the E5260A/70B.
c From the front of the system, route the
cable through the upper feedthrough panel.
d From the rear of the system, route the
HPSMU cable through the port 2 hole in the
lower feedthrough panel.
e From the rear of the system, route the
MPSMU cable through the port 1 hole in
the lower feedthrough panel.
84
• The triaxial cable model number is
16494A Option 002.
• The high speed high power SMU is the
•
•
•
•
Agilent E5290A.
The high speed medium power SMU is
the Agilent E5291A.
The high power SMU is the Agilent
E5280A.
The medium power SMU is the Agilent
E5281A.
Refer to Figure 4 on page 27
Installation and User’s Guide
Installing the System
2
To connect the bias networks (continued)
Step
Action
Notes
3 Connect the triaxial
cables from the
E5260A/70B SMUs to the
bias networks.
a Connect the triaxial cable from the
E5260A/70B medium power SMU to the
DC FORCE and DC SENSE connectors on
the port 1 bias network.
b Connect the triaxial cable from the
E5260A/70B high power SMU to the DC
FORCE and DC SENSE connectors on the
port 2 bias network.
• The medium power SMU is the Agilent
E5281A.
• The high power SMU is the Agilent
E5280A.
• The port 1 bias network is the 11612V
K11.
• The port 2 bias network is the 11612V
K21.
a From the front of the system, connect one • The ground triaxial cable model number
4 Connect and route the
end of the ground triaxial cable to the
ground cable from
is 16493L Option 002.
GNDU connector on the E5260A/70B front • Leave the GNDU connector on the port
E5260A/70B GNDU to the
panel.
port 2 bias network.
1 bias network open.
b From the front of the system, route the
cable through the upper feedthrough panel.
c From the rear of the system, route the
ground triaxial cable through the port 2 hole
in the lower feedthrough panel.
d Connect the ground triaxial cable to the
port 2 bias network GNDU connector.
5 Connect the Agilent
E8364B test ports to the
bias networks.
Installation and User’s Guide
• The test port cables model number is
a Connect one end of the port 1 test port
85133F.
cable to the Agilent E8364B test port 1.
b Connect the other end of the test port 1 test • The 2.4 mm female-to-male adapter
port cable to the 2.4 mm female-to-male
model number is 11900C. Without this
adapter.
adapter, the test port cable will not
properly mate with the bias network
c Connect the 2.4 mm female-to-male
RF IN connector.
adapter to the RF IN connector on the
11612V Option K11 bias network.
• The 2.4 mm male-to-male adapter
model number is 11900A.
d Connect one end of the port 2 test port
cable to the Agilent E8364B test port 2.
e Connect the other end of the test port 2 test
port cable to the 2.4 mm male-to-male
adapter.
f Connect the other end of the 2.4 mm
male-to-male adapter to the RF IN
connector of the 11612V K21 bias network.
85
2
Installing the System
To connect the bias networks (continued)
Step
Action
Notes
6 Connect the bias
networks to the device
under test.
a Connect one semi-rigid cable to the RF/DC
OUT connector of the port 1 bias network.
b Connect the other semi-rigid cable to the
RF/DC OUT connector of the port 2 bias
network.
c Connect the device under test to the
semi-rigid cable attached to the port 1 bias
network.
d Connect the device under test to the
semi-rigid cable attached to the port 2 bias
network.
• The semi-rigid cables part number is
85107-20004.
* Refer to Figure 4, “Front Panel Wiring Diagram with Agilent E5260A or E5270B,” on page 27.
86
Installation and User’s Guide
2
Installing the System
To switch on power to the system
NO TE
Proper system operation is dependent on the sequence in which the
system components are switched on.
To switch on power to the system
Step
Notes
1 Ensure that the individual instruments are
configured to match the available line power
source.*
• For information regarding line power
settings, refer to the individual instrument
manuals.
2 Ensure that all component line power
switches are set to the OFF position.
3 Connect the system to line power.
4 Switch the rack cabinet ~ Line switch from
to
(from standby to energized).
5 Switch on the low leakage switch mainframe
line power.
6 Switch on the precision LCR meter line
power.
7 If present, on the 4284A SYSTEM CONFIG
page, highlight the value in the GPIB
ADDRESS field, and press 24 > Enter.
• This sets the correct system GPIB address
8 If present, on the 35670A front panel, press
Local/GPIB > ANALYZER ADDRESS > 22 >
ENTER.
• This sets the correct system GPIB address
(24) for the 4284A.
(22) for the 35670A.
9 If present, switch on the Agilent 4156C
precision semiconductor parameter analyzer
line power.
10 If present, switch on the 41501B expander
line power.
• The expander must be switched on before
11 Switch on the Agilent 4156C precision
semiconductor parameter analyzer line
power.
• Ensure that the 41501B has already been
12 On the 4156C, press System >
[MISCELLANEOUS], move the pointer to the
POWER LINE FREQUENCY field, and press
[50 Hz] or [60 Hz].
• This ensures that the 4156C is configured to
the 4156C.
switched on prior to activating the 4156C.
match the available line power frequency.
• The value is set to 60 Hz at the factory.
• Use the front panel arrow keys to move the
cursor.
Installation and User’s Guide
87
2
Installing the System
To switch on power to the system
Step
Notes
13 On the 4156C, press System >
[MISCELLANEOUS], highlight the 4156C
value in the GPIB ADDRESS field, and press
19 > Enter.
• This sets the correct system GPIB address
14 On the E5260A/70B, move the cursor to
CONFIG, press Enter, move the cursor to
ADDRESS, press Enter. Use the arrow keys
to set the address to 19 and press Enter.
• This sets the correct system GPIB address
(19) for the 4156C.
(19) for the E5260A/70B.
15 Switch on the Agilent E8364B PNA Series
vector network analyzer line power.
16 On the Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector
• This sets the correct system GPIB address
network analyzer, from the Main dialog,
(16) for the E8364B.
select System > Configure > SICL/GPIB. In
the SICL/GPIB dialog GPIB group box, select
the Talker/Listener radio button and select
16 in the Address scroll list.
17 If present, switch on the LAN/GPIB gateway Refer to the LAN/GPIB gateway documentation
line power.
for instruction on installation and configuration.
18 Switch on the computer line power.
19 Allow the system to warm up for one hour.
* If the system is to be used with an autotransformer, ensure that the common terminal is connected to the
neutral (grounded) side of the power source.
88
Installation and User’s Guide
2
Installing the System
To configure the LAN/GPIB gateway for functional verification
If your system includes an Agilent E5810A LAN/GPIB gateway, follow
these steps to configure the LAN/GPIB gateway in order to verify the
functionality of the performance modeling system.
NO TE
This procedure explains how to configure IC-CAP to use the default
LAN/GPIB gateway server IP address in order to verify the
functionality of the performance modeling system.
After functional verification, contact your corporate IT professional and
ask for a permanent server IP address assignment for the LAN/GPIB
gateway. For instructions on changing the server IP address, see the
LAN/GPIB gateway installation and configuration guide.
To configure the LAN/GPIB gateway
Step
Action
Notes
20 Start the IC-CAP
software.*
PC version:
a Select Start > Programs > IC-CAP 2004 >
IC-CAP.
UNIX version:
a Open a UNIX terminal window.
b At the prompt, type iccap.
c Press Enter.
• This starts IC-CAP and opens the
21 Add the interface to the
IC-CAP Hardware Setup.
a From the IC-CAP/Main window menu bar,
choose Tools > Hardware Setup... .†
b Below the HP-IB Interface group box, click
Add Interface.
c In the Add HP-IB Interface dialog box, enter
lan[192.0.0.192]:hpib.
d Click OK.
• This opens the IC-CAP/Hardware
IC-CAP/Status and IC-CAP/Main
windows.
Setup window.
• This opens the Add HP-IB dialog box.
• This configures the LAN/GPIB
gateway (with its default server
address) as the performance modeling
system GPIB interface.
* To familiarize yourself with the IC-CAP software, refer to the first three chapters of the Agilent IC-CAP 2004 User’s Guide, model number
85190D.
† If there is an existing IC-CAP interface (for example, HP-IB), select the existing interface and click Delete Interface before continuing to
the next action.
This completes the installation process. To confirm the functionality of the
system, continue to Chapter 3, “Verifying System Functionality,” starting
on page 91.
Installation and User’s Guide
89
2
90
Installing the System
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
3
Verifying System Functionality
To choose a verification process 92
Understanding the System Functional Verification Test 94
Performing the System Functional Verification Test 95
Related Topics
“To enhance measurement accuracy" on page 112
“Performing a Coaxial System Measurement Calibration" on page 115
“Performing the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 121
“Performing the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 125
Use the procedures in this chapter to verify the functionality of the
Agilent 85225F performance modeling system. This chapter includes
procedures for choosing varying degrees of functional verification and
performing the required post- installation system functional verification
test.
Agilent Technologies
91
3
Verifying System Functionality
To choose a verification process
System functionality can be verified using several different processes,
depending on the level (system or subsystem) of functional verification
required and the available tools.
The procedure provided in “Performing the System Functional Verification
Test" on page 95 verifies that all of the system instruments interface
correctly, and that the system can make software- driven measurements
using a controller running the IC- CAP software.
Manual functional verification procedures for DC, RF, CV, and 1/f noise
subsystem components can be found in:
• Appendix B, “DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test,”
starting on page 119
• Appendix C, “RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test,”
starting on page 123
• Appendix D, “CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test,” starting on
page 129
• Appendix E, “1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test,” starting
on page 133
NO TE
These tests do NOT verify that the system instrumentation conform to their individual
performance specifications.
To verify the performance of the individual system components, complete the appropriate
performance tests listed in their individual product documentation.
Follow these steps to choose a system functional verification process based
upon your current situation.
To choose a system verification process
Situation
Action
Note
1 If the system has recently
been installed or one of
the DC or RF subsystem
instruments has been
replaced, and you have
IC-CAP software...
Complete the steps listed in “Performing the
System Functional Verification Test" on
page 95.
• Completion of the System Functional
92
Verification Test is required after
system installation, or whenever an RF
or DC subsystem component has been
serviced or replaced.
• The System Functional Verification Test
verifies the functionality of instruments
in the RF and DC subsystems. To verify
the functionality of other system
components, continue to the
appropriate situation listed in this
table.
Installation and User’s Guide
Verifying System Functionality
3
To choose a system verification process (continued)
Situation
Action
2 If you would like to
manually check the
functionality of the
Agilent E8364B PNA
Series vector network
analyzer without using
the GPIB interface...
Complete the steps listed in “Performing the
RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on
page 125.
3 If you would like to
manually check the
functionality of the
Agilent 4156C precision
semiconductor parameter
analyzer without using
the GPIB interface...
Complete the steps listed in “Performing the
DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on
page 121.
4 If you would like to
manually check the
functionality of the
Agilent E5260A/70B
without using the GPIB
interface...
Complete the steps listed in “Performing the
DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on
page 121.
Note
Complete the steps listed in “Performing the
5 If you would like to
CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on
manually check the
page 131.
functionality of the
Agilent 4284A without
using the GPIB interface...
Complete the steps listed in “Performing the
6 If you would like to
1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification
manually check the
Test" on page 135.
functionality of the
Agilent 35670A without
using the GPIB interface...
Complete the Agilent E5250A self-test found in
7 If you would like to
Chapter 3 of the low leakage switch
manually check the
mainframe user’s guide.
functionality of the
Agilent E5250 low leakage
switch mainframe without
using the GPIB interface...
Installation and User’s Guide
93
3
Verifying System Functionality
Understanding the System Functional Verification Test
The system functional verification test is a standard IC- CAP measurement
and simulation procedure. The system performs DC and S- parameter
extraction, optimization, and simulation using a fixed 10 dB attenuator as
the device under test (DUT).
The procedure provided in “Performing the System Functional Verification
Test” confirms:
• the IC- CAP software can communicate with and control the system
instrumentation via GPIB (through the LAN/GPIB gateway, if so
configured)
• the system can make measurements and display the results
• the IC- CAP software can simulate data
• the IC- CAP software can converge the simulated data with the
extracted (measured) data
The system applies forward and reverse current to the attenuator and
monitors voltage at the attenuator’s input and output. IC- CAP then uses
the measured data to model the device- intrinsic resistances and
transmission line delay.
Required Tools
• Agilent 85225F performance modeling system
• A system controller*
• Agilent 85190A IC- CAP software
• Test port cables
• Agilent 8490D 10 dB fixed RF attenuator†
• BNC tee (2)‡
• Agilent 11900A, 2.4 mm male- to- male adapter
• Agilent 11900B, 2.4 mm female- to- female adapter
• Agilent 11900C, 2.4 mm female- to- male adapter
• Agilent 85056A 2.4 mm precision calibration kit, or
• Agilent 85056D 2.4 mm economy calibration kit
* For requirements, see “The System Controller" on page 59.
† These components are supplied as part of the system.
‡ For CV subsystem verification only
94
Installation and User’s Guide
Verifying System Functionality
3
Performing the System Functional Verification Test
Complete the following steps to verify system functionality using the
supplied Agilent 8490D 10 dB fixed RF attenuator as the device under
test.
To perform the system functional verification test
Step
Action
Notes
1 Switch on power to the
system.
a Complete the steps listed in “To switch on
power to the system" on page 87.
• Proper system function is dependent
2 Connect the device under
test to the bias networks.
a Refer to the following figure.
upon the order in which the system
components are switched on.
b Connect one end of the 2.4 mm
• The 2.4 mm female-to-female adapter
female-to-female adapter to the semi-rigid
is a 11900B. Use the 11900B provided
cable attached to the RF/DC OUT
in the calibration kit.
connector of the port 1 bias network.
• The port 1 bias network is a 11612V
c Connect male end of the attenuator to the
K11.
other end of the 2.4 mm female-to-female
• The port 2 bias network is a 11612V
adapter.
K21.
d Connect the female end of the attenuator to
the semi-rigid cable attached to the RF/DC
OUT connector of the port 2 bias network.
Installation and User’s Guide
95
3
Verifying System Functionality
To perform the system functional verification test (continued)
Step
Action
Notes
3 Start the IC-CAP
software.*
PC version:
a Select Start > Programs > IC-CAP 2004 >
IC-CAP.
UNIX version:
a Open a UNIX terminal window.
b At the prompt, type iccap.
c Press Enter.
• This starts IC-CAP and opens the
4 Add the system interface
and components to the
IC-CAP Hardware Setup.
a From the IC-CAP/Main window menu bar,
choose Tools > Hardware Setup... .
b If you have not added an interface, click
Add Interface, enter the system interface
(hpib or other), and click OK.
c In the Instrument List, click Rebuild.
d Verify that all system components appear
in the Instrument List.
• This opens the IC-CAP/Hardware
IC-CAP/Status and IC-CAP/Main
windows.
Setup window.
• This polls the GPIB and adds all
connected and activated system
instruments to the Instrument List.
• Disregard error messages on the
system instrument displays. The errors
are a by-product of the GPIB polling
process.
a In the Instrument List, select HP4156 (hpib, • This opens the Configuration of
5 For 4156C systems,
19) and click Configure... .
change the Agilent 4156C
HP4156 window where the Unit Table
precision semiconductor b In the Configuration of HP4156 window
dialog box is used to change the names
parameter analyzer
of the HRSMUs.
Unit Table group box, highlight the
HRSMU names in IC-CAP.
characters in the HRSMU1 entry box and
• Actions b, c, and d change the name of
type VG.
HRSMU1 to VG and HPSMU to VD.
c In the Unit Table group box, highlight the
• Renaming the SMUs is necessary for
characters in the HPSMU entry box and
proper execution of the example model
type VD.
file.
d Click OK.†
e Close the Hardware Setup window.
6 For E5260A/70B systems, a In the Instrument List, select Agilent E5270
(hpib, 19) and click Configure... .
change the Agilent 4156C
precision semiconductor b In the Configuration of E5270 window Unit
parameter analyzer SMU
Table group box, highlight the characters in
names in IC-CAP.
the MPSMU<slot number> entry box and
type VG.
c In the Unit Table group box, highlight the
characters in the HPSMU<slot number>
entry box and type VD.
d Click OK.‡
e Close the Hardware Setup window.
96
• This opens the Configuration of E5270
window where the Unit Table dialog
box is used to change the names of the
SMUs.
• Actions b, c, and d change the name of
MPSMU<slot number> to VG and
HPSMU<slot number> to VD.
• Renaming the SMUs is necessary for
proper execution of the example model
file.
Installation and User’s Guide
Verifying System Functionality
3
To perform the system functional verification test (continued)
Step
Action
Notes
7 Open the attenuator test
model in IC-CAP.
a From the IC-CAP/Main window menu bar,
choose File > Examples... .
b In the Directories list of the File Open dialog
box, double-click on the directory
.../examples/model_files.
c In the Directories list of the File Open dialog
box, double-click on the directory
.../model_files/misc.
d In the Files list of the File Open dialog,
double-click on sys_testrf.mdl.
• This opens the File Open dialog box.
a Click the Model Variables tab folder.
b Highlight the freq_start variable and enter
4.5E+07.
c Highlight the freq_stop variable and enter
50E+09.
d Highlight the imax variable and enter 90m.
• This opens the Model Variables tab
8 Set the model variables
for the measurement in
IC-CAP.
9 Set the network analyzer a In the DUTs-Setups tab folder, click
S_vs_freq in the Select DUT/Setup list.
instrument options for the
attenuator test model in
b Click the Instrument Options tab folder.
IC-CAP.
c Highlight the Cal Type value and enter H.
d Highlight the Cal File Name value and enter
TEST.CST.
Installation and User’s Guide
• This opens a list of model files.
• (Scroll the list, if needed.) This displays
a list of modeling files in the Files list of
the File Open dialog.
• This opens the Atten model window.
• The Atten model window contains tab
folders used to interact with the model
data.
folder.
• This sets the start frequency of the
model to 45 MHz.
• This sets the stop frequency of the
model to 50 GHz.
• This sets the maximum current to
90 milliamps.
• This opens the 5 tab folders used for
the S_vs_freq setup.
• This opens the Instrument Options tab
folder.
• Adjustable instrument parameters are
listed in group boxes titled as
instrument model number.bus address.
instrument address (for example,
AgilentPNA.7.16 for the network
analyzer group box).
• Terminate your value entries by
pressing Enter on the controller
keyboard.
97
3
Verifying System Functionality
To perform the system functional verification test (continued)
Step
Action
10 Configure the instrument
state for calibration.
a Disconnect the attenuator from the
semi-rigid cables.
b In the Utility key group on the network
• This removes the instrument from GPIB
analyzer front panel, press Macro/Local >
control, activates the front panel
Preset.
interface, and returns the instrument to
its factory preset condition.
c In the Channel menu, click Power... .
d In the Power dialog box, scroll the Test Port • Actions c through h prepare the
network analyzer for a full range 2-port
Power value to −20 dBm, then click OK.
calibration using the same instrument
e In the Sweep menu, point to Number of
state settings used by the IC-CAP
Points and click 101.
functional verification test macro.
f In the Sweep menu, select IF Bandwidth... .
g In the IF Bandwidth dialog box, scroll to
1.000 kHz, then click OK.
h In the Sweep menu, select Sweep Setup... .
i In the Sweep Setup dialog box, select the
Stepped Sweep check box and click OK.
11 Calibrate the network
analyzer.
a In the network analyzer’s Calibration menu,
select Calibration Wizard... .
b In the Calibration Wizard: Begin Calibration
dialog box, select SmartCal (GUIDED
Calibration): Use Mechanical Standards
radio button and click Next.
c Follow the displayed prompts to calibrate
the network analyzer.
• For detailed instructions, see
12 Save the calibration and
instrument state data to
the C:/Program Files/
Agilent /Network
Analyzer/Documents
folder.
a In the File menu, select Save As... .
b In the Save As dialog box, using the
keyboard or by clicking Edit File Name,
enter TEST.CST then click OK.
• This saves the calibration and
98
Notes
“Performing a Coaxial System
Measurement Calibration" on
page 115.
• This begins a modified full 2-port
calibration.
• When prompted to connect a standard
to either Port 1 or Port 2, connect the
standard to the semi-rigid cable
attached to the Port 1 or Port 2 bias
network.
• An isolation calibration is not needed
for this measurement.
instrument state data in the network
analyzer’s operating system
C:/Program Files/Agilent/
Network Analyzer/Documents folder.
Installation and User’s Guide
Verifying System Functionality
3
To perform the system functional verification test (continued)
Step
Action
Notes
13 Make the DC and RF
measurements in IC-CAP.
a Reconnect the attenuator.
b In the Atten model window, click the
Macros tab.
c In the Select Macro: list, select Test_atten
and click Execute.
d When prompted to ensure you have
calibrated the network analyzer, enter Y
and click OK.
e When prompted to enter a cal set number
use the default (1) and click OK.
f As IC-CAP performs an optimization,
observe the simulated data trace converge
with the measured data trace.
• This opens the Atten model window’s
a Observe the displayed plots.
b In the IC-CAP/Status window, observe the
final DC/RF values parameter and the Final
RMS error.
• When the S-parameter measurement is
14 Interpret the results.
Macros tab folder.
• This starts a sequence of prompts and
responses.
• IC-CAP performs measurements of the
attenuator’s DC and RF parameters.
• When complete, IC-CAP displays plots
of the forward and reverse DC voltage
transfer through the attenuator. The
solid line is the measured data, the
dashed line is the simulated data.
• IC-CAP begins the optimization process
using default simulated data. These
values are optimized to converge with
the measured data.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Installation and User’s Guide
complete, IC-CAP displays plots of the
S12/21, 20×log10 of the S21
magnitude, and S21 phase.**
IC-CAP also lists the attenuator’s
resistance values. The error between
measured and simulated data should
be less than 2%.
The error between the measured and
simulated S21 phase data should be
less than 2%.
The value for T1.TD is the transmission
time through the attenuator, modeled
as transmission line delay. This value
(typically in the femtosecond to
nanosecond range) depends on the
length of the attenuator.
The S21 magnitude and the S12/S21
plots, of less significance, are included
for your interest.
The S21 simulated trace is determined
from the measured DC resistances, and
therefore is not expected to converge
with the measured data over the full
frequency range. However, the
measured S21 data will show a normal
frequency response variation.
The S12/S21 plot (also displayed on
the network analyzer) confirms that the
system is capable of making forward
and reverse transmission
measurements.
99
3
Verifying System Functionality
To perform the system functional verification test (continued)
Step
Action
Notes
15 For systems with the
Agilent 4284A precision
LCR meter, open the
junction capacitance
model (juncap.mdl) in
IC-CAP.
a From the IC-CAP/Main window menu bar,
choose File > Examples... .
b In the Directories list of the File Open dialog
box, double-click on the directory
.../examples/model_files.
c In the Directories list of the File Open dialog
box, double-click on the directory
.../model_files/diode.
d In the Files list of the File Open dialog,
double-click on juncap.mdl.
• This opens the File Open dialog box.
a Select the DUTs-Setups tab.
b Click the area > cv setup.
• This opens the capacitance vs. voltage
17 Set the LCR meter
instrument options.
a Select the Instrument Options tab.
b Highlight the Cable Length variable and
enter 2.
• This sets the cable length in the LCR
18 Calibrate the LCR meter.
a On the 16048D test leads, connect one tee • This performs a calibration on the LCR
meter.
between the Hpot and Hcur connectors.
b Connect the other tee between the Lpot and • The BNC tee part number is 1250-2405.
Lcur connectors. Select the
Measure/Simulate tab.
c Select Calibrate.
d Follow the IC-CAP prompts.
19 Measure the open circuit
capacitance.
a Select Measure.
20 Observe the results
a After the calibration is complete, observe
the plot.
b Rescale the measured result (displayed in
red) cap.m.
16 Select the DUT/Setup.
• This opens a list of model files.
• (Scroll the list, if needed.) This displays
a list of modeling files in the Files list of
the File Open dialog.
• This opens the juncap model window.
• The juncap model window contains tab
folders used to interact with the model
data.
setup.
meter instrument options.
• This measures the open circuit
capacitance.
• The measured result should be less
than ±10E-15 farads.
* To familiarize yourself with the IC-CAP software, refer to the first three chapters of the Agilent IC-CAP 2004 User’s Guide, model number
85190D.
† To save this hardware configuration: on the IC-CAP main menu bar, choose File > Save As and enter a filename, for example
config1.hwd (the file suffix must be .hwd).
‡ To save this hardware configuration: on the IC-CAP main menu bar, choose File > Save As and enter a filename, for example
config1.hwd (the file suffix must be .hwd).
**S12 is identical to S21 because the attenuator is assumed to be symmetrical.
This completes the functional verification procedure.
100
Installation and User’s Guide
3
Verifying System Functionality
If you encounter a problem
✔ Check the system connections and settings:
1 system connections to the DUT
2 system interconnections
3 GPIB cabling
4 GPIB address settings
✔ Perform the DC subsystem self- test in Appendix B, “DC Subsystem
Functional Verification Test,” starting on page 119.
✔ Perform the Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer
operator’s check in Appendix C, “RF Subsystem Functional Verification
Test,” starting on page 123.
✔ Perform the Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter self- test in
Appendix D, “CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test,” starting on
page 129.
✔ Perform the Agilent 35670A dynamic signal generator self- test in
Appendix E, “1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test,” starting
on page 133.
Installation and User’s Guide
101
3
102
Verifying System Functionality
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
4
Servicing the System
To troubleshoot the system 104
To remove or replace a system component 105
To order replacement parts 106
To receive additional assistance 107
Contacting Agilent Technologies 107
To package the system for transport 108
Related Topics
“Performing the System Functional Verification Test" on page 95
“Component Integration" on page 48
Use this chapter to solve problems. This chapter includes a checklist for
troubleshooting the system, a procedure for removing a system component
from the rack cabinet, information on ordering replacement parts and
acquiring additional assistance to solve your measurement problem.
Agilent Technologies
103
4
Servicing the System
To troubleshoot the system
Most system problems are caused by faulty cabling or switch
configurations.
Refer to Figure 20 on page 53 and Figure 19 on page 51 and do the
following:
✔ Check system connections and settings:
1 system connections to the DUT
2 system interconnections
3 GPIB cabling
4 GPIB address settings
If the cabling and switch configurations are verified correct, do the
following:
✔ Complete the Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer
operator’s check in “Performing the RF Subsystem Functional
Verification Test" on page 125.
✔ Complete the Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter
analyzer self- test in “Performing the DC Subsystem Functional
Verification Test" on page 121.
✔ Complete the Agilent 4284A self- test by cycling the instrument’s line
power. If errors occur, refer to Appendix B in the precision LCR meter
operation manual. The operation manual is included in with the
Agilent 85225F performance modeling system.
✔ If you suspect trouble with the E2050B, see “Chapter 4
Troubleshooting” in the E5810A LAN/GPIB gateway installation and
configuration guide.
✔ Complete the Agilent E5250A self- test and leak test found in Chapter 3
of the low leakage switch mainframe user’s guide. The user’s guide is
included with the Agilent 85225F performance modeling system.
If a problem with one of the system components is found, refer to the
troubleshooting and repair information in the individual instrument’s
product documentation.
For more information, see “To receive additional assistance" on page 107.
104
Installation and User’s Guide
4
Servicing the System
To remove or replace a system component
Follow these steps to remove a system component for periodic component
calibration, service, or repair.
WA RN ING
These servicing instructions are provided for use by qualified
personnel only. To avoid electrical shock, do not perform any
servicing unless you are qualified to do so.
WA RN ING
The opening of covers or removal of parts is likely to expose
dangerous voltages. Disconnect the product from all voltage
sources before opening covers or removing parts.
To remove a system component
Step
Note
1 Turn off all components.
2 Disconnect the system from line
power.
3 Disconnect all cables from the
instrument to be removed.
4 Prepare a surface near the rack
cabinet to place the removed
system component.
5 Lower the stabilizing legs on the
rack cabinet.
6 From the front of the rack cabinet,
remove the four screws (2 screws
on each rack mount) attaching the
instrument’s rack mount and
handle kit to the rack cabinet.
7 As another person steadies the
rack cabinet, hold the instrument
by the rack mount handles and
slowly pull forward.
• Some components may weigh more
than 50 pounds and may require
more than one person to remove
safely.
8 Save the rack mount screws by
reinserting them in the rack cabinet
frame nuts.
Follow the steps in reverse order to replace a system component.
Installation and User’s Guide
105
4
Servicing the System
Following the replacement of a system component, complete the procedure
in “Performing the System Functional Verification Test" on page 95.
To order replacement parts
To find the part or model number of a replaceable system component,
refer to Table 18, “Replaceable Parts,” on page 69.
To order, contact Agilent Technologies by calling the telephone number
listed in Table 19 on page 107 appropriate to the location of the modeling
system.
106
Installation and User’s Guide
4
Servicing the System
To receive additional assistance
If you would like assistance, visit the online assistance web site, or call
the telephone number listed in Table 19 appropriate to the location of
modeling system.
Table 19 Contacting Agilent Technologies
Online assistance: http://eesof.tm.agilent.com/support/
Australia
(tel) 1 800 629 485
(fax) (+61) 3 9210 5947
Canada
(tel) 1 877 894 4414
(fax) (905) 282-6495
Europe
(tel) (+31) 20 547 2323
(fax) (+31) 20 547 2390
Hong Kong
(tel) 800 930 871
(fax) (852) 2506 9233
India
(tel) 1 600 11 2929
(fax) 000 800 650 1101
Japan
(tel) (+81) 426 56 7832
(fax) (+81) 426 56 7840
Latin America
(tel) (305) 269 7500
(fax) (305) 269 7599
Malaysia
(tel) 1 800 828 848
(fax) 1 800 801
New Zealand
(tel) 0 800 738 378
(fax) (+64) 4 495 8950
People’s Republic of China
(tel) 800 810 0189 (preferred)
(tel) 10800 650 0021
(fax) 110800 650 0121
Philippines
(tel) (632) 8426802
(fax) (632) 8426809
Philippines (PLDT
Subscriber Only)
(tel) 1 800 16510170
(fax) 1 800 16510288
Singapore
(tel) 1 800 375 8100
(fax) (65) 836 0252
Taiwan
(tel) 0800 047 866
(fax) (886) 2 25456723
Thailand
(tel) (088) 226 008 (outside
Bangkok)
(tel) (662) 661 3999 (within
Bangkok)
(fax) 1 661 3714
United States
(tel) 1 800 829 4444
Installation and User’s Guide
107
4
Servicing the System
To package the system for transport
Follow these instruction to package the system in a shipping crate.
To package the system for transport
Step
Note
1 Place the packaging base in an
unobstructed work area.
2 Remove the lag bolt from one side
of the retaining piece.
3 Swing unbolted end of retaining
piece outward.
4 Attach loading ramp.
5 Roll rack cabinet up ramp face first
until it is fully seated on base.
6 Remove ramp.
7 Swing retaining piece back to
original position.
8 Secure retaining piece with bolt.
9 Secure rack cabinet to base using
retaining brackets inserted in the
slot located on each side of the
packaging base.
10 Secure retaining brackets with bolt
and tighten.
11 Place antistatic bag over rack
cabinet.
12 Place cardboard/foam top cap on
top of rack cabinet.
13 Place folded ramp on top cap.
14 Place crate side panel and crate
front panel on to base (the side
panel, with wooden cleat, goes on
the outside of the front panel).
15 Connect both panels by hammering
klimps approximately every two
feet along the vertex.
16 Place the lid in position and attach
to all side panels and front panel
using klimps.
108
Installation and User’s Guide
Servicing the System
4
To package the system for transport (continued)
Step
Note
17 Add tip indicators and appropriate
labeling
18 Secure crate to packaging base
using band straps
Installation and User’s Guide
109
4
110
Servicing the System
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
A
Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
To enhance measurement accuracy 112
Understanding System Measurement Calibration 114
Performing a Coaxial System Measurement Calibration 115
If you encounter a problem 116
Periodic System Component Calibration 117
Related Topics
“Performing the System Functional Verification Test" on page 95
“Performing the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 125
Use the procedures in this appendix to enhance the accuracy of your
measurements.
Agilent Technologies
111
A
Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
To enhance measurement accuracy
Follow these instructions to enhance the accuracy of your
measurements.
To enhance measurement accuracy
Step
Action
Notes
1 Inspect device
connections for foreign
materials or connector
damage.
a Prior to connecting the DUT, inspect the
bias network and semi-rigid RF cable
connectors for foreign materials or
damage.
b Replace any damaged connectors.
• Before using connectors for a critical
2 Clean the connectors.
a Remove the systems power cord from the
power supply or place the supply breaker in
the tripped position.
b Move the connectors to a well ventilated
area.
c Use a swab dipped in clean isopropyl
alcohol to cleanse the outer conductor
mating surfaces and the ends of the center
conductors.
d Blow off the remaining alcohol with clean
compressed air.
e Allow adequate time for the alcohol fumes
to disperse before activating the system.
• Be careful not to let the alcohol get on
3 Ensure proper system
warm-up time.
a Switch on line power to all of the system
components.
b Allow at least 1 hour warm-up prior to
making measurements.
• Follow the procedure in “To switch on
4 Ensure a proper and
constant temperature in
the measurement
environment.
a Operate the system within an ambient
temperature range of 25°C, ±5°C.
b After system measurement calibration,
hold the ambient temperature of the
measurement environment to ±1°C of the
ambient temperature at the time of
calibration.
• Install heating and cooling systems as
112
measurement, inspect the connector
interfaces with a microscope (~20X).
Look for dirt, contaminants, dented or
scratched outer conductor mating
surfaces, and damaged center
conductors.
the insulator bead, as this may damage
the bead.
• Be careful not to exert too much force
on the center conductors, as they may
be damaged.
• Compressed air can reduce the
temperature of connectors
dramatically, and this can have a
significant effect upon the performance
of calibration and verification
components.
• If the connector components being
cleaned are to be used in a critical
measurement application, allow the
temperature of these components to
stabilize prior to use.
power to the system" on page 87.
• Do not switch off line power to the
system unless the system will not be
used for an extended period of time.
necessary to maintain proper ambient
temperature in the measurement
environment.
Installation and User’s Guide
A
Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
To enhance measurement accuracy (continued)
Step
Action
Notes
5 Always perform a
measurement calibration
on the network analyzer
prior to making device
measurements.
a Prior to making device measurements,
complete the steps listed in “Performing a
Coaxial System Measurement
Calibration" on page 115.
b Ensure that the calibration kit elements are
seated correctly and firmly in the test set
cable connectors.
• See “Understanding System
•
•
•
•
•
6 Calibrate the system
components at regular
intervals.
Installation and User’s Guide
Measurement Calibration" on page 114
for more information.
Use the Agilent 85056A 2.4 mm
precision calibration kit.
Use the Agilent 85056D 2.4 mm
economy calibration kit.
Use the Agilent 85033E 3.5 mm
economy calibration kit.
Use the Agilent 85052D 3.5 mm
economy calibration kit.
Torque measurement connections
using the torque wrench provided in
the calibration kit.
a Every 6 to 12 months:
• Perform the required Agilent E8364B
PNA Series vector network analyzer
performance verification tests.
• Perform the required Agilent 4156C
precision semiconductor parameter
analyzer performance verification tests.
• Perform the required Agilent 4248A
precision LCR meter performance
verification tests.
• Perform the required Agilent E5250A low
leakage switch mainframe performance
verification tests.
113
A
Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
Understanding System Measurement Calibration
Measurement accuracy is degraded by the effects of three different types
of measurement errors: systemic, drift, and random.
Systemic errors are caused by imperfection in the test equipment and test
setup.
Drift errors occur when a test system’s performance changes after a
calibration has been performed. Drift errors are caused primarily by
variations in the ambient temperature of the measurement environment.
Random errors are caused by instrument noise (sampler noise, IF noise
floor, etc.), switch repeatability and connector repeatability. These errors
vary randomly as a function of time.
You can compensate for systemic and drift errors by performing a system
measurement calibration prior to measuring a device. (Performing a
measurement calibration has no effect upon random errors.)
To increase the accuracy of your measurements, perform a system
measurement calibration before performing device measurements. Repeat
the measurement calibration if the ambient temperature of the
measurement environment has deviated ±1°C since the last measurement
calibration.
This procedure performs a modified full 2- port measurement calibration to
remove the following errors:
• Directivity
• Source- load match
• Reflection tracking
• Transmission tracking
The isolation calibration (crosstalk correction) has been omitted. Isolation
calibration is only required when measuring high- isolation devices such as
a switch in the open position or high- dynamic range devices such as
filters with a high level of rejection.
Required Tools
• Agilent 85225F performance modeling system
• Agilent 85056A 2.4 mm calibration kit, or
• Agilent 85056D 2.4 mm calibration kit
114
Installation and User’s Guide
Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
A
Performing a Coaxial System Measurement Calibration
Complete the following steps to perform a coaxial system measurement
calibration and increase the accuracy of your device measurements. Modify
these instructions as necessary to perform an in- fixture or on wafer
measurement calibration.
To perform the system measurement calibration
Step
Action
1 Preset the network
analyzer.
On the network analyzer, press Preset.
2 Open the Calibration
Wizard and choose a
guided calibration.
a In the network analyzer’s Calibration menu,
select Calibration Wizard... .
b In the Calibration Wizard dialog box, select
Use Mechanical Stds... in the Guided
Calibrations group box.
3 Choose the DUT
connector types.
a In the Guided Calibration: Select DUT
Connectors dialog box, select the
appropriate DUT connector type for the
connections the Port 1 and Port 2 bias
networks.
b Click Next.
Note
4 Choose the calibration kit. a In the Guided Calibration: Select Version 2
Cal Kits dialog box, select the appropriate
calibration kit (for example 85056D) for the
Port 1 and Port 2 bias network.
b Click Next.
Installation and User’s Guide
115
A
Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
To perform the system measurement calibration (continued)
Step
Action
5 Calibrate the network
analyzer through the bias
networks, cables, and
adapters using the
standard open, short,
load, and through.
a Follow the prompts to connect the standard
open to the Port 1 bias network RF/DC
OUTPUT.
b Click Measure.
c Follow the prompts to connect the standard
short to the Port 1 bias network RF/DC
OUTPUT.
d Click Measure.
e Follow the prompts to connect the standard
broadband load to the Port 1 bias network
RF/DC OUTPUT.
f Click Measure.
g Repeat actions a through f for the Port 2
calibration measurements.
h Follow the prompts to connect the standard
through between the Port 1 and Port 2 bias
networks RF/DC OUTPUT. connectors.
i Click Measure.
j When the measurements are done, in the
Standards Measured dialog box, click Next.
k In the Guided Calibration Completed dialog
box, choose the No, Finish Now radio
button and click Finish.
6 Save the calibration and
instrument state data to
the C:/Program Files/
Agilent /Network
Analyzer/Documents
folder.
a In the File menu, select Save As... .
b In the Save As dialog box, using the
keyboard or by clicking Edit File Name,
enter a file name (for instance,
MY_CAL.CST), then click OK.
Note
• This saves the calibration and
instrument state data as a file (named
for instance, MY_CAL.CST) in the
network analyzer’s operating system
C:/Program Files/Agilent/
Network Analyzer/Documents folder.
If you encounter a problem
✔ Inspect the connectors on the load, open, short, and through standards
and the connectors on the bias networks and the semi- rigid cables.
✔ Clean the connectors if necessary. See step 2 in the section titled “To
enhance measurement accuracy" on page 112.
✔ If connectors are damaged, replace the standard or cable.
✔ Ensure that the standards meet their published specifications.
116
Installation and User’s Guide
A
Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
Periodic System Component Calibration
A complete calibration verifies that the system components meet their
individual performance specifications.
The calibration interval depends on the level of system use. Agilent
Technologies recommends an initial cycle of 6 to 12 months. Thereafter,
adjust the cycle based on the recalibration results.
A complete system calibration consists of the following tests:
• Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer performance tests*
• Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer performance
verification†
• Agilent E5260A/70B precision parametric measurement solution
performance verification
• Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter performance tests
• Agilent 35670A dynamic signal analyzer performance verification
• Agilent E5250A low leakage switch mainframe performance tests
See the individual instrument documentation for instructions on
performing the required instrument verification tests.
* Refer to the Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer service guide for required performance tests.
The service guide (part number E8364-90026) is available at www.agilent.com in PDF format.
† Refer to the chapter titled “Performance Verification” in the Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor
parameter analyzer service guide, included with the Agilent 4156C documentation.
Installation and User’s Guide
117
A
118
Enhancing Measurement Accuracy
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
B
DC Subsystem Functional Verification
Test
Understanding the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test 120
Performing the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test 121
If you encounter a problem 121
Related Topics
“Performing the System Functional Verification Test" on page 95”
“Performing the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 125”
“Performing the CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 131
“Performing the 1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on
page 135
Use this appendix to perform a DC subsystem functional verification test
using the Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer’s
front panel interface.
Agilent Technologies
119
B
DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Understanding the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Use this procedure to manually confirm the functionality of the DC
subsystem. The procedure provided in “Performing the DC Subsystem
Functional Verification Test” confirms:
For Agilent 4156C subsystems:
• the internal operation of the Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor
parameter analyzer
For Agilent E5260A/70B DC subsystems:
• the operation of the Agilent E5260A/70B parametric measurement
mainframe
• the operation of the plug- in source monitor units
This procedure runs a self- test initiated from the instrument’s front panel.
The test includes a self- calibration routine to improve short- term
accuracy.
Required Tools
• Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer,
• Agilent E5260A/70B parametric measurement mainframe
120
Installation and User’s Guide
B
DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Performing the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Complete these steps to run the self- test and verify the operation the DC
subsystem.
For Agilent 4156C subsystems:
To perform the Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer self-test
Step
Notes
1 Disconnect all cables from the
measurement terminals on the
4156C rear panel.
2 Connect the 4156C to line power.
3 Switch on the instrument line
power switch.
4 Wait 1 hour before continuing to
step 5.
5 Press System > [CALIB/DIAG].
• The analyzer displays the SYSTEM:
SELF-CALIBRATION/DIAGNOSTICS
screen.
6 Press [DIAG SELFTST ALL].
• This begins the calibration and
self-test process.
• PASS, FAIL, or DONE appear in the
STATUS column.
• If a failure occurs, an error code is
displayed in the ERROR column. See
“If you encounter a problem.”
• If no errors occur, DIAG SELF-TEST
ALL: PASS appears in the lower
left-hand corner of the display.
If you encounter a problem
✔ Refer to the Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer
manual titled, “If You Have a Problem” for an explanation of the error
codes. See the chapter titled, “If Errors Occur When You Perform
Self- Calibration or Diagnostics.”
✔ Refer to the troubleshooting information in the service manual for the
Agilent 4156C precision semiconductor parameter analyzer.
Installation and User’s Guide
121
B
DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test
For Agilent E5260A/70B DC subsystems:
To perform the Agilent E5260A/70B precision parametric measurement solution self-test
Step
Notes
1 Disconnect all cables from the
measurement terminals on the
E5260A/70B front panel.
2 Connect the E5260A/70B to line
power.
3 Switch on the instrument line
power switch.
4 Wait 1 hour before continuing to
step 5.
5 Press Shift > Menu.
6 Move the cursor to SELFTEST and
press Enter. Move the cursor to
EXECUTE and press Enter.
7 Use the arrow keys to select ALL
and press Enter. At the completion
of the test, press Exit three times to
exit the setup menu.
8 To display the results, move the
cursor to SELFTEST and press
Enter. Move the cursor to RESULT
and press Enter.
9 Use the arrow keys to select
FRAME or Slot n.
The test result is displayed for each
item.
If you encounter a problem
✔ Refer to the Agilent E5260A/70B precision parametric measurement
solution user’s guide for an explanation of the error codes. See the
section titled “Error Codes” in the chapter titled, “If You Have a
Problem.”
✔ Refer to the troubleshooting information in the Agilent E5260A/70B
precision parametric measurement solution service manual.
122
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
C
RF Subsystem Functional Verification
Test
Understanding the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test 124
Performing the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test 125
If you encounter a problem 127
Related Topics
“Performing the System Functional Verification Test" on page 95
“Performing the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 121
“Performing the CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 131
“Performing the 1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on
page 135
Use the instructions in this appendix to perform a manual RF subsystem
functional verification test.
Agilent Technologies
123
C
RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Understanding the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Use the procedure provided in “Performing the RF Subsystem Functional
Verification Test” to manually confirm the functionality of the
Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer system. This
procedure does not verify performance to specification. This procedure
confirms that the network analyzer is ready for performance verification
and/or operation by confirming the following hardware functionality:
• the repeatability of the RF switch in the test set
• the attenuation range of the test port attenuators
Required Tools
• Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer
• Test port cable
• a standard short from the network analyzer calibration kit
124
Installation and User’s Guide
C
RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Performing the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
If the performance of the Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network
analyzer is in question, complete the following steps to verify operation.
To perform the RF subsystem functional verification test
Step
Action
1 Activate the network
analyzer.
a Connect the network analyzer to
line power.
b Switch on the line power.
2 Warm-up the network
analyzer for 1 hour.
a Wait 1 hour before continuing to
step 3.
3 Run the Operator’s Check. a In the network analyzer System
menu, point to Service and click
Operator’s Check.
b Click Configure.
c On the pull down menu, select
Automatic.
d Click Start-Port 1.
e Follow the program prompts.
f When prompted, place a short on
Port 1 and click OK.
g Check PASS/FAIL status.
h Continue to follow the prompts for
the Attenuator Range tests.
i Check PASS/FAIL status for each
attenuator range.
j Click Start-Port 2.
k Repeat actions e through i for Port 2.
l Click Exit to end the Operator’s
Check.
Notes
• This opens the Operator’s Check window.
• This selects automatic program execution. To
enable a prompted test sequence, choose
Prompted to place a prompt before the
execution of each range test for each
attenuator.
• When the Port 1 test is complete, the
Operator’s Check window reappears showing
the test results for Port 1.
• When the Port 2 test is complete, the
Operator’s Check window reappears showing
the test results for Port 2.
4 Test the forward reflection a Connect the test port cable between
mode for channel 1.
the PORT 1 and PORT 2 connectors.
b Press Preset. (By default, the
instrument measures channel 1
forward reflection after instrument
preset.
c Inspect the trace shown on the
display. It should be similar to the
trace shown to the right.
Installation and User’s Guide
125
C
RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
To perform the RF subsystem functional verification test (continued)
Step
Action
5 Test the forward
transmission mode for
channel 1.
a From the Trace drop down menu,
point to Measure and click S21.
b Inspect the trace shown on the
display. It should be similar to the
trace shown to the right.
6 Test the reverse
transmission mode for
channel 1.
a From the Trace drop down menu,
point to Measure and click S12.
b Inspect the trace shown on the
display. It should be similar to the
trace shown to the right.
7 Test the reverse reflection
mode for channel 1.
a From the Trace drop down menu,
point to Measure and click S22.
b Inspect the trace shown on the
display. It should be similar to the
trace shown to the right.
126
Notes
Installation and User’s Guide
RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
C
If you encounter a problem
✔ Check the GPIB cable and connection.
✔ Check the GPIB address.
✔ Consult the “Troubleshooting” chapter of the Agilent E8364B PNA
Series vector network analyzer service guide for troubleshooting
information.
Installation and User’s Guide
127
C
128
RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
D
CV Subsystem Functional Verification
Test
Understanding the CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test 130
Performing the CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test 131
If you encounter a problem 132
Related Topics
“Performing the System Functional Verification Test" on page 95
“Performing the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 125
“Performing the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 121
Use the instructions in this appendix to perform a manual CV subsystem
functional verification test.
Agilent Technologies
129
D
CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Understanding the CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Use the procedure provided in “Performing the CV Subsystem Functional
Verification Test” to manually confirm the functionality of the
Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter. This procedure does not verify
performance to specification. This procedure confirms that the precision
LCR meter is ready for performance verification and/or operation by
confirming the following hardware functionality:
• memory card read/write test
• LED display test
• LCD display test
• handler I/F test
• scanner I/F EEPROM read/write test
• scanner I/F I/O test
• bias current I/F I/O test
Required Tools
See Chapter 10 of the Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter operation
manual.
130
Installation and User’s Guide
CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test
D
Performing the CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test
If the performance of the Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter is in
question, complete the following steps to verify operation.
To perform the RF subsystem functional verification test
Step
Action
Notes
1 Activate the precision LCR a Connect the precision LCR meter to
meter.
line power.
b Switch on the line power.
2 Warm-up the network
analyzer for 1 hour.
a Wait 1 hour before continuing to
step 3.
3 Run the required self
tests.
a On the precision LCR meter front
panel, press CATALOG/SYSTEM >
SELF TEST.
b Enter the number corresponding to
the required self test and press
SELF TEST.
Installation and User’s Guide
• This opens the SELF TEST page.
• For more information, see chapter 5
“Catalog/System Configuration” in the
Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter operation
manual.
131
D
CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test
If you encounter a problem
✔ Check the GPIB cable and connection.
✔ Check the GPIB address.
✔ Consult the Agilent 4284A precision LCR meter service guide for
troubleshooting information.
132
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
E
1/f Noise Subsystem Functional
Verification Test
Understanding the 1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test 134
Performing the 1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test 135
If you encounter a problem 136
Related Topics
“Performing the System Functional Verification Test" on page 95
“Performing the DC Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 121
“Performing the RF Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 125
“Performing the CV Subsystem Functional Verification Test" on page 131
Use the instructions in this appendix to perform a manual 1/f noise
subsystem functional verification test.
Agilent Technologies
133
E
1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Understanding the 1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Use the procedure provided in “Performing the 1/f Noise Subsystem
Functional Verification Test” to manually confirm the functionality of the
Agilent system. This procedure does not verify performance to
specification. This procedure confirms that the network analyzer is ready
for performance verification and/or operation.
Required Tools
• Agilent 35670A dynamic signal analyzer
134
Installation and User’s Guide
E
1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test
Performing the 1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test
If the performance of the Agilent 35670A dynamic signal analyzer is in
question, complete the following steps to verify operation.
To perform the RF subsystem functional verification test
Step
Action
Notes
1 Activate the dynamic
signal analyzer.
a Connect the dynamic signal
analyzer to line power.
b Switch on the line power.
The instrument performs the self test during
power-up.
2 View the results.
a Observe the results on the analyzer
display.
If the instrument self test fails, consult “Chapter
4. Troubleshooting the Analyzer,” in the Agilent
35670A dynamic signal analyzer service guide.
Installation and User’s Guide
135
E
1/f Noise Subsystem Functional Verification Test
If you encounter a problem
✔ Check the GPIB cable and connection.
✔ Check the GPIB address.
✔ Consult the “Chapter 4. Troubleshooting the Analyzer” in the
Agilent 35670A dynamic signal analyzer service guide for
troubleshooting information.
136
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
F
Understanding the Bias Networks
Features 138
Characteristics 139
Operation 140
Bias Network Schematic 140
Related Topics
“To connect the bias networks" on page 80
“Performing a Coaxial System Measurement Calibration" on page 115
Use this appendix to learn more about the bias networks. This appendix
includes a list of features, connections, a table of device characteristics,
information on internal operation, and a schematic diagram of the bias
networks.
Agilent Technologies
137
F
Understanding the Bias Networks
Features
Using the Agilent 11612V K11 and K21 bias networks, you can
simultaneously supply DC bias and RF energy to the device under test
(without the need to use patch cables or adapters) to make convenient
and accurate DC and S- parameter measurements.
Each bias network provides:
• floating triaxial FORCE connection to input current or voltage
• floating triaxial SENSE connection to monitor voltage or current
• floating triaxial GNDU connection to implement an active ground
• 2.4 mm coaxial RF input
• 2.4 mm coaxial combined RF/DC output
• device bias oscillation suppression
138
Installation and User’s Guide
Understanding the Bias Networks
F
Characteristics
Table 20 11612V Option K11/K21 Bias Network Characteristics
Parameter
11612V Option K11
11612V Option K21
Test port
Port 1
Port 2
Frequency range
45 MHz to 50 GHz
45 MHz to 50 GHz
Test port connector
2.4 mm
2.4 mm
Maximum current
0.5 amps
0.5 amps
Maximum voltage
40 volts
40 volts
Maximum RF power
2 watts (+33 dBm)
2 watts (+33 dBm)
Height
50 mm (2 inches)
50 mm (2 inches)
Width
105 mm (3.5 inches)
105 mm (3.5 inches)
Depth
70 mm (2.75 inches)
70 mm (2.75 inches)
Net weight
370 grams (0.8 pounds)
370 grams (0.8 pounds)
CAU TI O N
Installation and User’s Guide
Do not exceed the maximum ratings of the bias networks. Failure to
comply can result in severe damage.
139
F
Understanding the Bias Networks
Operation
Each bias network includes two bias tees, one for force and one for sense.
The force bias tee includes a capacitor in the RF signal path that functions
as a high- pass filter and DC block. The sense bias tee provides a through
path for DC. Both force and sense tees include resistive- capacitive
oscillation suppression circuitry to help prevent low frequency bias
oscillation of the device under test. Refer to Figure 24.
Figure 24 Bias Network Schematic
140
Installation and User’s Guide
Agilent 85225F Performance Modeling System
Installation and User’s Guide
G
Network Analyzer Performance
Specification Summary
Network Analyzer System Performance 142
Dynamic Range 142
Measurement Uncertainty 143
Related Topics
“RF and DC Measurement System Configuration" on page 19
“Performance Characteristics and Specifications" on page 61
Use this appendix to reference a summary of the network analyzer
performance specifications.
Agilent Technologies
141
G
Network Analyzer Performance Specification Summary
Network Analyzer System Performance
The following specifications describe the system performance of the
Agilent E8364B PNA Series vector network analyzer Option 014 and UNL
configuration for measurements between 45 MHz and 50 GHz.
Calibration Kit
Cables
Calibration Type
Agilent 85056A, 2.4 mm precision, with sliding loads
Agilent 85133F, 2.4 mm flexible test port cable set
Full 2- port with sliding loads
Temperature
Range
25°C ±5°C
Warm-up Time
≥ 0.5 hour
Maximum Output Power
Frequency Range (GHz)
Maximum output power
0.045 to 10.0
10.0 to 20.0
20.0 to 30.0
30.0 to 40.0
40.0 to 45.0 45.0 to 50.0
+3 dBm
0 dBm
−4 dBm
−8 dBm
−11 dBm
−17 dBm
Dynamic Range
System dynamic range is calculated as the difference between the noise
floor and the source maximum output power. Reflection measurements are
limited by directivity. Therefore, system dynamic range only applies to
transmission measurements.
Frequency Range (GHz)
System
dynamic
range
142
0.045 to 0.5
0.5 to 2.0
2.0 to 10.0 10.0 to 20.0 20.0 to 30.0 30.0 to 40.0
40.0 to 45.0 45.0 to 50.0
92 dB
117 dB
120 dB
102 dB
119 dB
109 dB
105 dB
95 dB
Installation and User’s Guide
Network Analyzer Performance Specification Summary
G
Measurement Port Characteristics
Frequency Range (GHz)
Residual
0.045 to 2.0
2.0 to 20.0
20.0 to 40.0
40.0 to 50.0
Directivity
42 dB
42 dB
38 dB
36 dB
Source match
41 dB
38 dB
33 dB
31 dB
Load match
42 dB
42 dB
37 dB
35 dB
Reflection tracking
±(0.001 + 0.2 dB/°C)
±(0.008 + 0.2 dB/°C)
±(0.020 + 0.3 dB/°C)
±(0.027 + 0.4 dB/°C)
Transmission tracking
±(0.019 + 0.2 dB/°C)
±(0.053 + 0.2 dB/°C)
±(0.114 + 0.3 dB/°C)
±(0.215 + 0.4 dB/°C)
Measurement Uncertainty
Measurement uncertainty curves utilize an RSS (Root Sum Square) model
for the contribution of random errors such as noise and typical connector
and test set switch repeatabilities. These are combined with a worst- case
model for the contributions of dynamic accuracy and residual systemic
errors.
Curves show the worst- case magnitude and phase uncertainty for
reflection and transmission measurements, using the specified cal kit, with
10 Hz IF bandwidth, and no averaging during the measurement.
Reflection Measurements
Installation and User’s Guide
143
G
Network Analyzer Performance Specification Summary
Transmission Measurements
144
Installation and User’s Guide
Index
Numerics
11612V. See bias networks
2.4 mm (f-to-f) adapter, 69, 94
2.4 mm (f-to-m) adapter, 69, 81, 83, 85, 94
2.4 mm (m-to-f) adapter, 69
2.4 mm (m-to-m) adapter, 69, 81, 83, 85, 94
35670A. See dynamic signal analyzer
41501B. See expander, SMU PGU
4156C. See parameter analyzer
4284A. See LCR meter
A
accuracy, enhancing measurement, 112
activation procedure, system, 87
adapter, 2.4 mm (f-to-f), 69, 94
adapter, 2.4 mm (f-to-m), 69, 81, 83, 85, 94
adapter, 2.4 mm (m-to-f), 69
adapter, 2.4 mm (m-to-m), 69, 81, 83, 85, 94
altitude requirements, 64
assistance, to receive additional, 107
attenuator
fixed, 10 dB, 71
test model, IC-CAP, 97
B
ballast, 71
bias networks
characteristics, 139
connection procedure, 80
connections, system, 80
features, 138
operational theory, 140
overview, 21
block diagram, 1/f noise measurement, 47
block diagram, CV system, 33
block diagram, system, 19
C
cable set, test port, 71
cable(s)
GPIB, 69
line power, 71
semi-rigid, 71
SMU triaxial, 69, 70
test set, 71
cabling diagram, DC/RF, 32, 40, 41, 54, 55
calibration
component, 113, 117
Installation and User’s Guide
isolation, 114
kit, 71
measurement, 113, 115
cautions
bending packing clamps, 66
bias network voltage/current rating, 21, 139
circuit breaker protection, 7
definition of caution label, 3
electrostatic discharge, 79
front panel line switch, 8
line power disconnection, 7
line power settings, 7
mains cable connection, 7
overcurrent protection, 8
characteristics
bias networks, 139
measurement port, 143
supplemental system, 61
checklist, receiving, 69
cleaning, connector, 112
clearance requirements, rack, 64
compliance with
electrostatic discharge immunity test, 9
EMC requirements, 9
noise requirements, 9
surge immunity test, 9
compliance, CSA 1010, 8
compliance, statement of, 8
conformity, declaration of, 8
connections, system, 28, 36, 50, 52
controller, system
overview, 59
CPU requirements, controller, 59
crate, shipment
packing procedure, 108
unpacking procedure, 66
CSA 1010 compliance, 8
customer support, Agilent Technologies, 107
D
DC subsystem. See parameter analyzer or
parametric measurement solution
declaration of conformity, 8
diagrams
block, 1/f noise measurement, 47
block, CV system, 33
block, system, 19
cabling, DC/RF, 32, 40, 41, 54, 55
integration, system component, 35, 49
reflection uncertainty, network analyzer, 143
test setup, verification, 95
transmission uncertainty, network
analyzer, 144
wiring, system, 27, 29, 37, 39, 51, 53
digital multimeter, GPIB address, 56
display requirements, controller, 59
drift measurement errors, 114
dynamic range, 114, 142
dynamic signal analyzer
calibration cycle, 117
functional verification procedure,
manual, 134
GPIB address, 56
overview, 46
E
E5250A. See switch mainframe
E5260A/70B. See parametric measurement
solution
E5810A. See LAN/GPIB gateway
E8364B. See network analyzer
electrical requirements, 64
electrostatic discharge
immunity test, compliance with, 9
precautions against, 79
EMC requirements, compliance with, 9
environmental requirements, 64
errors, measurement, correcting, 114
expander, SMU PGU
overview, 20
extractor fan, 71
F
fan, extractor, 71
feedthrough panels, 71
floating-ground measurements
procedure, 78
safety precautions, 78
functional verification procedure
dynamic signal analyzer, manual, 135
LCR meter, manual, 131
network analyzer, manual, 125
system, remote, 95
G
GPIB
addresses, 56
cables, 69
connections, 29, 39, 53
145
Index
H
handle kit, rack mount and, 70, 71, 105
hard disk requirements, controller, 59
hardware setup, IC-CAP, 89, 96
I
IC-CAP software
adding components, 89, 96
adding interface, 96
changing SMU names, 96
configuring the interface, 89
DC characterization, 99
opening attenuator test model, 97
saving the hardware configuration, 100
setting network analyzer options, 97
starting the program, 89, 96
user’s guide, 89, 100
inspection
connector surfaces, 112
incoming shipment, 65, 68
installation procedure, 64
instrument markings, 5
integration
description, 22, 34, 48
diagram, system, 35, 49
interface setup, IC-CAP, 89
interference standards, 61
isolation calibration, 114
L
LAN/GPIB gateway
configuration procedure, 89
default server address, 89
GPIB address, 56
overview, 57
LCR meter
functional verification, 100
functional verification procedure,
manual, 130
GPIB address, 56
options, setting in IC-CAP, 100
overview, 34
troubleshooting, 104
line power
activating system, 87
cables, 71
requirements
circuit sharing, 64
supply capability, 64
M
maintenance, connector, 112
manual part number, 71
markings, instrument, 5
measurement
accuracy, enhancing, 112
calibration, 115
146
description, 114
procedure, 115
full system, 95
LCR meter, 130
network analyzer, 124
parameter analyzer, 121
DC characterization, using IC-CAP, 99
errors, correcting, 114
uncertainties
correcting, 115
reflection, 143
transmission, 144
model/part numbers, 69
mounting plates, probe station, 69
installation, 64
LAN/GPIB interface configuration in
IC-CAP, 89
removal and replacement, component, 105
safety precautions, 76
shipment reception, 65
site preparation, 64
troubleshooting, system, 104
unpacking shipment crate, 66
work surface installation, 74
N
network analyzer
calibration
cycle, 117
procedure, 98, 116
connections, system, 28, 36, 50, 52
functional verification procedure,
manual, 124
GPIB address, 56
options, setting IC-CAP, 97
overview, 20
specification summary, performance, 142
noise requirements, compliance with, 9
O
operating system requirements, controller, 59
output power, maximum, 142
P
panels
feedthrough, 71
filler, 72
parameter analyzer
calibration cycle, 117
functional verification procedure,
manual, 121
GPIB address, 56
parametric measurement solution
calibration cycle, 117
connections, system, 28, 36, 50, 52
GPIB address, 56
specifications, 62
parts, replaceable
list of, 69
ordering, 106
power, maximum output, 142
precision parametric measurement solution
GPIB address, 56
procedures
activating system line power, 87
bias network connection, 80
calibration, measurement, 115
floating ground measurement, 78
functional verification
dynamic signal analyzer, 134
R
rack
cabinet, 60, 71
mount kit, 70, 71, 105
rail kits, 71
RAM requirements, controller, 59
random measurement errors, 114
receiving checklist, 69
reflection uncertainty, network analyzer, 143
relative humidity requirements, 64
removal and replacement, component, 105
replaceable parts
list of, 69
ordering, 106
required tools
crate, unpacking shipment, 66
DC source/monitor functional
verification, 120
measurement calibration, 114
modeling system functional verification, 94
network analyzer functional verification, 124,
130, 134
work surface installation, 74
requirements
controller
pc, 59
UNIX, 59
system
electrical, 64
environmental, 64
requirements, safety, 5
results, interpreting, 99
RF subsystem. See network analyzer
S
safety
precautions
floating-ground measurements, 78
general, 76
procedure, 76
requirements, 5
symbols, descriptions, 4
Installation and User’s Guide
Index
schematic diagrams
DC/RF signal flow, 32, 40, 41, 54, 55
semi-rigid cables, 71
shipment reception procedure, 65
site preparation procedure, 64
SMU names, IC-CAP, 96
SMU triaxial cables, 69, 70
specifications, performance
E8364B network analyzer, 142
parametric measurement solution, 62
standards, interference, 61
statement of compliance, 8
support, customer, 107
surge immunity test, compliance with, 9
swap space requirements, controller, 59
switch mainframe
GPIB address, 56
overview, 42
troubleshooting, 104
symbols, safety, 4
systemic measurement errors, 114
T
temperature requirements, 64
test setup diagram, verification, 95
tools, required. See required tools
transmission uncertainty, network analyzer, 144
troubleshooting
calibration, measurement, 116
LAN/GPIB gateway, 104
modeling system, 104
network analyzer manual verification, 127,
132, 136
parameter analyzer manual verification, 121
parametric measurement solution
description, 120
virtual memory requirements, controller, 59
W
warnings
cover removal, 105
dangerous voltages present, 76, 78
definition of warning label, 3
eye protection during unpacking, 66
moving the rack cabinet, 67
precautions for cleaning, 8
protective earth contact interruption, 6
protective earth ground connection, 8
Safety Class 1 product, 6
service with qualified personnel only, 6
servicing by qualified personnel only, 105
unspecified use, 6
use in explosive atmosphere, 6
window manager requirements, controller, 59
wiring diagram, system, 27, 29, 37, 39, 51, 53
work surface
installation procedure, 74
part number, 71
U
uncertainties, measurement
correcting, 115
reflection, 143
transmission, 144
V
verification, functional
description of choices, 92
dynamic signal analyzer
procedure, manual, 135
LCR meter, 100
procedure, manual, 131
modeling system
description, 94
procedure, remote, 95
network analyzer
description, 124, 130, 134
procedure, manual, 125
parameter analyzer
description, 120
procedure, manual, 121
Installation and User’s Guide
147
Index
148
Installation and User’s Guide
Download PDF

advertising