Agri-Fab 690, 691, 692, 693, 694, 695, 696, 697, 698, 699 Lawn Mower User Manual

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Hydrostatic Lawn
Tractor
Model Series
690 - 699
IMPORTANT: READ SAFETY RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY
Warning: This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forestcovered, brush-covered or grass-covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting
applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator.
In the State of California the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code). Other states may have
similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized
service dealer or contact the service department, P.O. Box 361131 Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019.
MTD LLC, P.O. BOX 361131 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
FORM NO. 770-10129C.fm
(5/02)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Content
Page
Important Safe Operation Practices................................................................... 3
Slope Gauge...................................................................................................... 7
Assembling Your Lawn Tractor .......................................................................... 8
Know Your Lawn Tractor.................................................................................... 12
Operating Your Lawn Tractor............................................................................. 14
Making Adjustments .......................................................................................... 15
Maintaining Your Lawn Tractor .......................................................................... 17
Optional Equipment ........................................................................................... 22
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................. 23
FINDING MODEL NUMBER
This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new lawn tractor. It will help you assemble, prepare and
maintain the unit for best performance. Please read and understand what it says.
Before you start assembling your new equipment, please locate the model plate on the
equipment and copy the information from it in the space provided below. The information on
the model plate is very important if you need help from our Customer Support Department or
an authorized dealer.
•
You can locate the model number by pivoting the seat forward and looking under it at the seat pivot
bracket. A sample model plate is explained below. For future reference, please copy the model
number and the serial number of the equipment in the space below.
(Model Number)
(Serial Number)
Copy the model number here:
Copy the serial number here:
www.mtdproducts.com
MTD LLC
P. O. BOX 361131
CLEVELAND,OH 44136
330-220-4683
800-800-7310
ENGINE INFORMATION
The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine-related issues with regards to performance, powerrating, specifications, warranty and service. Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s Owner’s/Operator’s
Manual packed separately with your unit for more information.
CALLING CUSTOMER SUPPORT
If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation or
maintenance of this unit, please call the Customer Support Department.
Call 1- (330) 220-4MTD (4683) or 1- (800)-800-7310 to reach a Customer Support
representative. Please have your unit’s model number and serial number ready when you
call. See previous section to locate this information. You will be asked to enter the serial
number in order to process your call.
For more details about your unit, visit our website at www.mtdproducts.com
2
SECTION 1: IMPORTANT SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES
WARNING: This symbol points out important safety instructions which, if not followed, could endanger the
personal safety and/or property of yourself and others. Read and follow all instructions in this manual
before attempting to operate this machine. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal
injury. When you see this symbol—heed its warning.
DANGER: This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in
serious injury. This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to
observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
GENERAL OPERATION
10. Be aware of the mower and attachment discharge
direction and do not point it at anyone. Do not
operate the mower without the discharge cover or
entire grass catcher in its proper place.
11. Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or
under the cutting deck. Contact with the blade(s)
can amputate hands and feet.
12. A missing or damaged discharge cover can cause
blade contact or thrown object injuries.
13. Stop the blade(s) when crossing gravel drives,
walks, or roads and while not cutting grass.
14. Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways. This machine is not intended for use on
any public roadway.
15. Do not operate the machine while under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
16. Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
17. Never carry passengers.
18. Disengage blade(s) before shifting into reverse.
Back up slowly. Always look down and behind
before and while backing to avoid a back-over
accident.
19. Slow down before turning. Operate the machine
smoothly. Avoid erratic operation and excessive
speed.
20. Disengage blade(s), place control lever in neutral,
set parking brake, stop engine and wait until the
blade(s) come to a complete stop before removing
grass catcher, emptying grass, unclogging chute,
removing any grass or debris, or making any
adjustments.
21. Never leave a running machine unattended.
Always turn off blade(s), set parking brake, stop
engine and remove key before dismounting.
22. Use extra care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck. This unit should not
be driven up or down ramp(s), because the unit
could tip over, causing serious personal injury. The
unit must be pushed manually on ramp(s) to load or
unload properly.
23. Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a
burn. Do not touch.
1. Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the
machine and in the manual(s) before attempting to
assemble and operate. Keep this manual in a safe
place for future and regular reference and for
ordering replacement parts.
2. Be familiar with all controls and their proper
operation. Know how to stop the machine and
disengage them quickly.
3. Never allow children under 14 years old to operate
this machine. Children 14 years old and over
should read and understand the operation
instructions and safety rules in this manual and
should be trained and supervised by a parent.
4. Never allow adults to operate this machine without
proper instruction.
5. To help avoid blade contact or a thrown object
injury, keep bystanders, helpers, children and pets
at least 75 feet from the machine while it is in
operation. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.
6. Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment
is to be used. Remove all stones, sticks, wire,
bones, toys, and other foreign objects which could
be picked up and thrown by the blade(s). Thrown
objects can cause serious personal injury.
7. Plan your mowing pattern to avoid discharge of
material toward roads, sidewalks, bystanders and
the like. Also, avoid discharging material against a
wall or obstruction which may cause discharged
material to ricochet back toward the operator.
8. Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles
during operation and while performing an
adjustment or repair to protect your eyes. Thrown
objects which ricochet can cause serious injury to
the eyes.
9. Wear sturdy, rough-soled work shoes and closefitting slacks and shirts. Loose fitting clothes and
jewelry can be caught in movable parts. Never
operate this machine in bare feet or sandals.
3
5. Use extra care with grass catchers or other
attachments. These can change the stability of the
machine.
6. Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
Rapid engagement or braking could cause the front
of the machine to lift and rapidly flip over backwards
which could cause serious injury.
7. Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose
traction, disengage the blade(s) and proceed
slowly straight down the slope.
24. Check overhead clearances carefully before driving
under low hanging tree branches, wires, door
openings etc., where the operator may be struck or
pulled from the unit, which could result in serious
injury.
25. Depress the brake pedal completely and place the
control lever in neutral before attempting to start
engine.
26. Your machine is designed to cut normal residential
grass of a height no more than 10”. Do not attempt
to mow through unusually tall, dry grass (e.g.,
pasture) or piles of dry leaves. Dry grass or leaves
may contact the engine exhaust and/or build up on
the mower deck presenting a potential fire hazard.
27. Use only accessories and attachments approved
for this machine by the machine manufacturer.
Read, understand and follow all instructions
provided with the approved accessory or
attachment.
28. Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and
above, are involved in a large percentage of riding
mower-related injuries. These operators should
evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower
safely enough to protect themselves and others
from serious injury.
29. If situations occur which are not covered in this
manual, use care and good judgment. Contact an
authorized service dealer for assistance.
DO NOT:
1. Do not turn on slopes unless necessary; then, turn
slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
2. Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches or
embankments. The mower could suddenly turn
over if a wheel is over the edge of a cliff, ditch, or if
an edge caves in.
3. Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your
foot on the ground.
4. Do not use a grass catcher on steep slopes.
5. Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could
cause sliding.
6. Do not shift to neutral and coast downhill. Overspeeding may cause the operator to lose control of
the machine resulting in serious injury or death.
7. Do not tow heavy pull behind attachments (e.g.
loaded dump cart, lawn roller, etc.) on slopes
greater than 5 degrees. When going down hill, the
extra weight tends to push the tractor and may
cause you to loose control. (e.g. tractor may speed
up, braking and steering ability are reduced,
attachment may jack-knife and cause tractor to
overturn).
SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and
tip-over accidents which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow
it.
For your safety, use the slope gauge included as part of
this manual to measure slopes before operating this
unit on a sloped or hilly area. If the slope is greater than
15 degrees as shown on the slope gauge, do not
operate this unit on that area or serious injury could
result.
CHILDREN
1. Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not
alert to the presence of children. Children are often
attracted to the machine and the mowing activity.
They do not understand the dangers. Never
assume that children will remain where you last
saw them.
a. Keep children out of the mowing area and in
watchful care of a responsible adult other
than the operator.
b. Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters
the area.
c. Before and while backing, look behind and
down for small children.
d. Never carry children, even with the blade(s)
shut off. They may fall off and be seriously
injured or interfere with safe machine
operation.
e. Use extreme care when approaching blind
corners, doorways, shrubs, trees or other
objects that may block your vision of a child
who may run into the machine.
DO:
1. Mow up and down slopes, not across. Exercise
extreme caution when changing direction on
slopes.
2. Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other
hidden objects. Uneven terrain could overturn the
machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
3. Use slow speed. Choose a low enough speed
setting so that you will not have to stop or shift while
on the slope. Tires may lose traction on slopes
even though the brakes are functioning properly.
Always keep machine in gear when going down
slopes to take advantage of engine braking action.
4. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for
wheel weights or counterweights to improve
stability.
4
at least two minutes before refueling.
h. Never over fill fuel tank. Fill tank to no more
than ½ inch below bottom of filler neck to
allow space for fuel expansion.
i. Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.
j. If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine
and equipment. Move unit to another area.
Wait 5 minutes before starting the engine.
k. To reduce fire hazards, keep machine free of
grass, leaves, or other debris build-up. Clean
up oil or fuel spillage and remove any fuel
soaked debris.
l. Never store the machine or fuel container
inside where there is an open flame, spark or
pilot light as on a water heater, space heater,
furnace, clothes dryer or other gas
appliances.
m. Allow a machine to cool at least 5 minutes
before storing.
GENERAL SERVICE:
f.
Disengage the cutting blade(s) before
shifting in reverse. The “No-Cut-In Reverse”
feature is a reminder not to cut in reverse and
to help avoid back over accidents. Do not
defeat it.
g. Keep children away from hot or running
engines. They can suffer burns from a hot
muffler.
h. Remove key when machine is unattended to
prevent unauthorized operation.
9. Never allow children under 14 years old to operate
the machine. Children 14 years old and over should
read and understand the operation instructions and
safety rules in this manual and should be trained
and supervised by a parent.
TOWING
1. Tow only with a machine that has a hitch designed
for towing. Do not attach towed equipment except
at the hitch point.
2. Follow the manufacturers recommendation for
weight limits for towed equipment and towing on
slopes.
3. Never allow children or others in or on towed
equipment.
4. On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment may
cause loss of traction and loss of control.
5. Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
6. Do not shift to neutral and coast downhill.
1. Never run an engine indoors or in a poorly
ventilated area. Engine exhaust contains carbon
monoxide, an odorless, and deadly gas.
2. Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, make
certain the blade(s) and all moving parts have
stopped. Disconnect the spark plug wire and
ground against the engine to prevent unintended
starting.
3. Periodically check to make sure the blades come to
complete stop within approximately (5) five
seconds after operating the blade disengagement
control. If the blades do not stop within the this time
frame, your unit should be serviced professionally
by an authorized service dealer.
4. Check brake operation frequently as it is subjected
to wear during normal operation. Adjust and service
as required.
5. Check the blade(s) and engine mounting bolts at
frequent intervals for proper tightness. Also,
visually inspect blade(s) for damage (e.g.,
excessive wear, bent, cracked).
Replace the blade(s) with the original equipment
manufacturer’s (O.E.M.) blade(s) only, listed in this
manual. “Use of parts which do not meet the
original equipment specifications may lead to
improper performance and compromise safety!”
6. Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the blade or wear
gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
7. Keep all nuts, bolts, and screws tight to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
8. Never tamper with the safety interlock system or
other safety devices. Check their proper operation
regularly.
9. After striking a foreign object, stop the engine,
disconnect the spark plug wire(s) and ground
against the engine. Thoroughly inspect the
machine for any damage. Repair the damage
before starting and operating.
SERVICE
SAFE HANDLING OF GASOLINE:
1. To avoid personal injury or property damage
use extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is
extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive.
Serious personal injury can occur when gasoline is
spilled on yourself or your clothes which can ignite.
Wash your skin and change clothes immediately.
a. Use only an approved gasoline container.
b. Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a
truck or trailer bed with a plastic liner. Always
place containers on the ground away from
your vehicle before filling.
c. When practical, remove gas-powered
equipment from the truck or trailer and refuel
it on the ground. If this is not possible, then
refuel such equipment on a trailer with a
portable container, rather than from a
gasoline dispenser nozzle.
d. Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the
fuel tank or container opening at all times
until fueling is complete. Do not use a nozzle
lock-open device.
e. Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes and
other sources of ignition.
f. Never fuel machine indoors.
g. Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the
engine is hot or running. Allow engine to cool
5
original equipment specifications may lead to
improper performance and compromise safety!”
12. Do not change the engine governor settings or
over-speed the engine. The governor controls the
maximum safe operating speed of the engine.
13. Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as
necessary.
14. Observe proper disposal laws and regulations for
gas, oil, etc. to protect the environment.
10. Never attempt to make adjustments or repairs to
the machine while the engine is running.
11. Grass catcher components and the discharge
cover are subject to wear and damage which could
expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown.
For safety protection, frequently check components
and replace immediately with original equipment
manufacturer’s (O.E.M.) parts only, listed in this
manual. “Use of parts which do not meet the
WARNING: YOUR RESPONSIBILITY Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read,
understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this manual and on the machine.
NOTE: Not all safety labels shown may apply to your lawn tractor.
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF INJURY, DO NOT
OPERATE UNLESS DISCHARGE COVER OR
GRASS CATCHER IS IN ITS PROPER PLACE.
IF DAMAGED, REPLACE IMMEDIATELY.
WARNING
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH
• GO UP AND DOWN SLOPES, NOT ACROSS.
• AVOID SUDDEN TURNS.
• DO NOT OPERATE THE UNIT WHERE IT
COULD SLIP OR TIP.
• IF MACHINE STOPS GOING UPHILL, STOP
BLADE(S) AND BACK DOWNHILL SLOWLY.
• DO NOT MOW WHEN CHILDREN OR OTHERS
ARE AROUND.
• NEVER CARRY CHILDREN EVEN WITH.
BLADES OFF.
• LOOK DOWN & BEHIND BEFORE AND WHILE
BACKING.
• KEEP SAFETY DEVICES (GUARDS, SHIELDS, AND
SWITCHES, ETC.) IN PLACE AND WORKING.
• REMOVE OBJECTS THAT COULD BE
THROWN BY THE BLADE(S).
• KNOW LOCATION AND FUNCTION OF ALL
X
S30536
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH
KEEP HANDS AND FEET AWAY FROM ROTATING PARTS.
REMOVE OBJECTS THAT CAN BE THROWN BY THE
BLADE IN ANY DIRECTION. WEAR SAFETY GLASSES.
DO NOT MOW WHEN CHILDREN OR OTHERS ARE AROUND.
NEVER CARRY CHILDREN EVEN WITH BLADES OFF.
USE EXTRA CAUTION ON SLOPES. DO NOT MOW SLOPES
GREATER THAN 10° MOW UP AND DOWN, NOT ACROSS.
AVOID SUDDEN TURNS, USE LOW GEAR.
CONTROLS.
• BE SURE BLADE(S) AND ENGINE ARE STOPPED
BEFORE PLACING HANDS OR FEET NEAR BLADE(S).
• BEFORE LEAVING OPERATOR'S POSITION,
DISENGAGE BLADE(S), PLACE THE SHIFT LEVER
MAX
IN NEUTRAL, ENGAGE PARKING BRAKE,
SHUT OFF AND REMOVE KEY.
10°
READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL. KEEP SAFETY DEVICES IN PLACE AND WORKING.
Label shape may vary by tractor model. Label contents do not vary.
READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL
6
SECTION 2: SLOPE GAUGE
FOL
D ON
D
O
T
TED
LI
15°
NE
SIGHT AND HOLD THIS LEVEL WITH A VERTICAL TREE
T IN G
A 15
°S
LO P
E
OR A FENCE POST
A CORNER OF A BUILDING
A POWER POLE
,R
E
P
RES
EN
WARNING
Do not mow on inclines with a slope in excess of 15 degrees (a rise of approximately 2-1/2 feet every 10 feet). A riding mower
could overturn and cause serious injury. If operating a walk-behind mower on such a slope, it is extremely difficult to maintain
your footing and you could slip, resulting in serious injury.
Operate RIDING mowers up and down slopes, never across the face of slopes.
7
SECTION 3: ASSEMBLING YOUR LAWN TRACTOR
Antidote
NOTE: This manual covers various models of
hydrostatic tractors within the 690 series. Please use
instructions pertaining only to your tractor.
Use the following antidotes if you come in contact with
the battery acid.
External - Flush with water.
Unpacking
•
•
•
•
•
•
Internal - Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow
with milk of magnesia, beaten eggs or vegetable oil.
Call physician immediately.
Remove all screws from top of the crate using 1/4"
hex head socket or a flat blade screwdriver.
To remove ends, grasp top board on the end, and
pull towards you in downward motion. (A hammer
may be helpful). Set panel aside to avoid tire
damage.Repeat procedure on other sides.
Remove and discard plastic bag which covers unit.
Loose parts (may include the owner’s guide,
steering wheel, optional oil drain sleeve or hose,
battery fluid, chute deflector, optional mulching
plug, etc.) are on the seat or in a box wrapped in
plastic. Carefully cut and remove the plastic wrap.
Remove the loose parts.
Make sure that parking brake and hydrostatic
transmission relief valve are released and unit is in
neutral. See page 13 for the location of the parking
brake release and the hydrostatic relief valve.
Raise the deck and push the unit off the skid.
Eyes - Flush with cool water for at least 15 minutes,
then get prompt medical attention.
If acid spills on clothing, first dilute it with clean water,
then neutralize with a solution of ammonia/ water or
baking soda/water.
IMPORTANT:Since battery acid is corrosive, do not pour
it into any sink or drain. Before discarding empty
electrolyte containers, rinse with a neutralizing solution.
WARNING: To avoid sparks, NEVER
connect or disconnect charger clips to
battery while charger is turned on.
Keep all lighted materials (cigarettes,
matches, lighters) away from the battery
as the hydrogen gas generated during
charging can be combustible.
NOTE: Reference to right or left side of the unit is
observed from the operating position on the driver’s
seat, facing forward.
As a further precaution, only charge the
battery in a well-ventilated area. Make
certain venting path of battery drain tube
(if equipped) is always open.
Tools Required
1.
2.
3.
4.
•
Socket wrench 1/4" or flat blade screwdriver
Adjustable or socket wrench 1/2" *
Adjustable or socket wrench 9/16"
Pair of adjustable or socket wrenches 7/16"
If your tractor steering wheel cap is square, you
must use a socket wrench to install the steering
wheel.
Identifying Battery Type
Handling Battery
WARNING: The battery contains sulfuric
acid. This battery acid must be handled
with great care as contact with it can burn
and blister skin. Wear protective clothing
(goggles, rubber gloves and apron) when
working with it. Keep batteries out of the
reach of children.
Type "A"
IMPORTANT: Should battery acid accidentally splatter
into the eyes or onto the face, rinse the affected area
immediately with clean, cold water. Refer to the
antidotes mentioned below. If there is any further
discomfort, seek prompt medical attention.
Type "B"
Figure 1
8
•
•
Compare the battery in your lawn tractor (located
under the seat) with the illustration above. Type “A”
batteries are activated and are ready to use. Type
“B” batteries must be filled with battery fluid (acid)
and charged before they are put into service.
Follow instructions which apply to the battery in
your lawn tractor only.
NOTE: If the openings on each end of the steering
bellow are of two sizes, the smaller end goes down
against the dash of the lawn tractor.
•
Activating & Charging Battery
•
(Type “B” Battery Only)
WARNING: Do not activate battery (i.e. fill
with battery acid) until battery is actually
placed in service. Read warnings about
battery usage in the previous page before
activating the battery.
•
•
•
•
Pivot the seat pivot bracket forward. Unhook the
strap which secures the battery (hook is on rear
frame, under the fender). Disconnect the positive
cable from the positive terminal. Save the hardware
for reassembly.
Remove the battery from the lawn tractor, paying
attention to how the battery is placed in the unit,
and how the drain tube (attached to the battery) is
routed.
Activate the battery as instructed in the “Quick
Start” brochure included with the battery fluid. Read
instructions carefully.
•
Place the steering wheel cap over the center of the
steering wheel and press it with your hand.
Hex Lock
Bolt
Cupped
Washer
Steering
Wheel Cap
Steering
Bellow
Steering
Shaft
Figure 2
Attaching Seat
NOTE: Your tractor is equipped with one of the
following types of seats. Identify the seat type from the
illustrations below, and follow instructions pertaining to
your tractor.
IMPORTANT: To obtain maximum life from the battery,
charge it prior to initial use.
•
With the wheels pointing straight, place the steering
wheel over the steering shaft, positioning the
steering wheel as desired.
Place the washer with the cupped side down over
the steering shaft. Secure with hex lock bolt. See
Figure 2.
NOTE: If your tractor steering wheel cap is square, you
must use a socket wrench.
NOTE: You can continue to assemble the lawn tractor
while the battery is standing for 30 minutes after acid
fill-up, and later while you are charging the battery.
•
Place the steering bellow over the steering shaft
extending through the dash. See Figure 2.
Battery P/N 725-1705D: Charge at 2-3 amps for
one hour.
Battery P/N 725-1707D, 725-0453G, and 7251750: Charge at 6 amps for one hour.
Charge battery after the 30-minute standing period.
Manual Adjustment Seat
•
NOTE: If you charge the battery at a lower AMP rate,
use a hydrometer to make sure the battery is
completely charged. The hydrometer should read 1.260
minimum at an electrolyte temperature of 60-110 oF.
Remove the four screws from the seat and remove
the packing straps from two of the bolts. Turn the
seat around and place it in position against the seat
pivot bracket, lining up the slotted holes in the pivot
bracket with the holes in the seat. Select desired
position for the seat, and secure with the four
screws removed earlier. See Figure 3.
Screws
WARNING: Do not charge the tractor
battery at more than 6 amps.
Attaching Steering Wheel
•
•
The hardware for attaching the steering wheel has
been packed inside the steering wheel. Carefully pry
off the steering wheel cap and remove the hardware.
Remove the steering bellow from the lift lever on
the right side of the tractor.
Seat
Pivot
Bracket
Figure 3
9
NOTE: The seat may have been shipped in a box.
Remove the four screws from the bottom of seat and
place seat in position against the seat pivot bracket.
Follow the directions above to attach the seat.
•
•
Quick Adjustment Seat
•
Remove the two bolts from the bottom of the seat
and remove the packing straps. Replace the bolts.
Line up plastic seat spacers with the slots in seat
pivot bracket. Slide seat in until front seat spacer
engages the seat stop. To adjust the seat refer to
the Adjustment Section. See Figure 4.
hand by grasping it between your thumb and index
finger and rotating it clockwise.
Carefully allow the discharge chute to pivot
downward.
Discard the shipping brace and accompanying
warning tag.
Seat
Spacers
Shipping Brace
Warning Tag
Slot
Slot
Figure 5
Installing The Mulching Plug (If Equipped)
Seat
Stop
NOTE: Your mulching plug may already be installed on
the deck.
Seat
Spacers
NOTE: If the seat was shipped in a box, line up plastic
seat spacers with the slots in seat pivot bracket and
slide seat in until front seat spacer engages seat stop.
Some lawn tractors come equipped with a mulch kit
which incorporates special blades, already standard on
all tractor, in a process of recirculating grass clippings
repeatedly beneath the cutting deck. The ultra-fine
clippings are then forced back into the lawn where they
act as a natural fertilizer. Observe the following
recommendations for the best results when mulching.
WARNING: Before operating your unit,
stand behind quick adjustment seat and
pull back on seat, making sure seat is
engaged in seat stop.
NOTE: The mulch kit is installed on models equipped
with a 38” or 42-inch deck. It is packed separately (with
an instruction sheet) in the crate on models equipped
with a 46-inch deck.
Figure 4
•
Removing Shipping Brace
WARNING: The shipping brace, used for
packaging purposes only, must be removed
and discarded before operating your riding
mower.
•
WARNING: Make sure the riding mower’s
engine is off, remove the ignition key, and set
the parking brake before removing the
shipping brace.
•
•
•
•
Locate the shipping brace and accompanying
warning tag on the right side of the mower, between
the discharge chute and the cutting deck. See
Figure 5.
While holding the discharge chute with your left
hand, remove the shipping brace with your right
Never attempt to mulch if the lawn is damp. Wet
grass tends to stick to the underside of the cutting
deck preventing proper mulching of the clippings.
Do NOT attempt to mulch more than 1/3 the total
height of the grass or approximately 1-1/2 inches.
Doing so will cause the clippings to clump up
beneath the deck and not be mulched effectively.
Maintain a slow ground speed to allow the grass
clippings more time to effectively be mulched.
Always position the throttle control lever in the
FAST (rabbit) position and allow it to remain there
while mowing. Failing to keep the engine at full
throttle places strain on the tractor’s engine and
does not allow the blades to properly mulch grass.
NOTE: It is not necessary to remove the discharge
chute to operate the mower with the mulch kit installed.
10
•
To operate the cutting deck without mulching, simply
remove the mulch plug by unthreading the plastic wing
nut which fastens it to the cutting deck. This will allow
the clippings to discharge out the side. See Figure 6.
•
Carriage Screw
•
Pull the adjustable lift link out of the deck hanger
channel. Turn the adjustable lift link up or down as
necessary to level the deck. Usually only one or two
turns are needed. See Figure 7.
Insert the end of the adjustable lift link into the hole
in the deck hanger channel. Recheck the
adjustment. Readjust if necessary.
When the deck is levelled, secure end of adjustable
lift link with flat washer and hairpin clip.
Installing Battery
Type A Battery
NOTE: If the battery is put into service after the
expiration of the date shown on top of the battery,
charge it for a minimum one hour at 6-10 amps.
Bell
Washer
•
Wing Nut
•
Mulch Plug
Figure 6
Type B Battery
Tire Pressure
•
Lift the seat and remove the plastic cover from the
negative terminal.
Remove the hex bolt and nut from the negative
(black) cable. Attach negative cable to the negative
terminal with this bolt and nut.
•
The tires on your unit may be over-inflated for
shipping purposes. Reduce the tire pressure before
operating the unit. Recommended operating tire
pressure is approximately 10 p.s.i. Check sidewall
of tire for maximum p.s.i.
•
Lift the seat. Make sure both the negative (black)
cable and the positive (red) cable are routed up
through the battery compartment. See Figure 8.
Replace the battery in the battery compartment as
it was before. Make sure that the positive terminal is
toward the front of the unit.
WARNING: Maximum tire pressure under
any circumstances is 30 p.s.i. Equal tire
pressure should be maintained on all tires.
Positive Terminal
Battery
Strap
Leveling the Deck
•
•
With unit on hard, level surface, place the blades in
a straight line, and measure the distance from the
outside edge of the blade tips to the ground. If the
distance varies, adjustment is needed.
Remove the hairpin clip and flat washer from the
bottom of the adjustable lift link on the left side of
the deck. Locate the hairpin clip and the flat washer
on the inside of the lift link.
Negative
Terminal
Adjustable
Lift Link
Deck Hanger
Channel
Battery
Compartment
Figure 8
•
•
•
Figure 7
11
Attach the positive (red) cable to the positive
terminal of the battery. Secure with hex bolt and nut
previously removed. Slide rubber boot down over
the positive terminal.
Remove the hex bolt and nut from the negative
(black) cable. Attach negative cable to the negative
terminal with this bolt and nut.
Secure battery by hooking battery strap into slot in
rear frame, under the fender. See Figure 9.
•
Battery Strap
Slot in
Frame
Hole
•
Insert the drain tube down through the hole in the
battery compartment and the hole in the transaxle
reinforcement bracket located on the right side of
the unit. See Figure 9. Be certain drain tube is
routed away from the wheel rim.
Trim excess end of drain tube if necessary (about
4" should extend past the bracket or cable tie).
Drain Tube
Transaxle
Reinforcement
Bracket
Figure 9
SECTION 4: KNOW YOUR LAWN TRACTOR
Ignition Switch
Throttle Control
The ignition switch is located on the dashboard. Start
the engine by turning the key to the START position.
When the engine is running, leave the key in the ON
position. To stop the engine, turn the key to the OFF
position. See Figure 10.
The throttle control is located on the dashboard and is
used to regulate the engine speed. To get maximum
efficiency in cutting grass, the throttle should be in the
FAST position when operating the tractor.
Clutch-Brake Pedal
The clutch-brake pedal is located on the left side of the
tractor. Depressing the pedal returns the drive unit to
neutral (N) and applies the brake. The clutch-brake
pedal must be depressed to start the engine.
WARNING: Remove the key from the
tractor, when the tractor is not in use, to
prevent accidental starting.
Hydrostatic Control Lever
Ignition Switch
Light Switch
The hydrostatic control lever is located on top of the
fender on the right side of the tractor. This single control
lever, connected to the hydrostatic transmission,
controls both the speed and direction of the tractor.
Infinite speed control is achieved by moving the control
lever forward or backward. The farther forward or
backward you move the control lever, the faster you will
travel. Pulling the control lever into neutral (N) area will
stop the tractor. See Figure 11.
Choke
Throttle
Cable
Lift
Lever
Hydrostatic
Control Lever
Ammeter
Clutch / Brake Pedal
Figure 10
Choke Control
The choke control is located on the dashboard and is
operated manually. Details for the choke operation are
covered in the separate engine manual packed with
your unit. See Figure 10.
Figure 11
12
Parking Brake
Lift Lever
To set the parking brake, depress the clutch-brake
pedal, pull up the parking brake knob and release the
clutch-brake pedal. It will stay in the raised position. To
release the parking brake, depress and release the
clutch-brake pedal while pushing down on the parking
brake knob. The parking brake must be set if the
operator leaves the seat with the engine running.
See Figure 12.
Deck Lift
Indicator
Figure 14
Optional Features
NOTE: The controls listed below are optional features
and many tractor models may not be equipped with one
or more of these. Please use information pertinent to
your lawn tractor.
Parking Brake
Knob
Indicator Lights
If your unit is equipped with indicator lights, two or three
indicator lights are located in the dash panel. If a light
illuminates when attempting to start the unit, proceed
as follows.
Figure 12
Relief Valve
A hydrostatic relief valve is provided so the unit can be
moved without the engine running. The lever which
operates the relief valve is located in the rear of the
tractor between the wheels. See Figure 13.
Clutch: Depress the clutch pedal.
PTO: Place lift lever in the Blades Stop position.
Oil (Vanguard Twin and Intek Twin Engines Only).
Check the crankcase oil level and add oil as required.
To operate the relief valve, place the hydrostatic control
lever in neutral and release the parking brake. Move the
lever from the lock position into the slot to relieve the
hydraulic pump. Make sure to release the lever to the
lock position before operating the engine.
Deck Lift Indicator
The deck lift indicator (if so equipped) marks the
position being used for the lift lever. Select the lift lever
position desired, press the indicator lever outward,
move it to the position immediately below the lift lever
and release the indicator lever.
Light Switch
The head lamps are operated by pushing the light
switch located on the dashboard. The head lamps will
only operate when the engine is running.
Ammeter
The ammeter registers the rate of battery charge or
discharge. While the engine starts, the ammeter will
register on the discharging side. It should register on
the opposite side (charging) when the engine is running
fast and the battery is not yet completely charged. With
a fully charged battery or with the engine idling, the
ammeter will not show a charge.
Relief Valve
Figure 13
Lift Lever
The lift lever is used to raise and lower the cutting deck
and to engage and disengage the blades. Pulling it all
the way back and locking it disengages the blades.
See Figure 14.
NOTE: The lift lever must be in the BLADES STOP
position when starting the engine, when shifting into
reverse and if the operator leaves the seat.
13
SECTION 5: OPERATING YOUR LAWN TRACTOR
•
WARNING: Go up and down slopes, not
across. Avoid sudden turns. Do not
operate the unit where it could slip or tip
over. If the tractor stops while going
uphill, stop the blade(s) and reverse down
the hill slowly.
NOTE: Protect the starter’s life by using short starting
cycles of several seconds. Cranking more than 15
seconds per minute can damage the starter motor.
Do not mow when children or others are
around. Never carry children. Look down
and behind the tractor before and while
backing. Keep the pathway of the tractor
free of obstructions.
•
•
Gas And Oil Fill-Up
WARNING: Before leaving the operator’s
position, disengage blade(s), place shift
lever in neutral, engage brake lock, shut
off engine and remove key.
Check the oil level and add if necessary. Service
the engine with gasoline as instructed in the
separate engine manual packed with your tractor.
Read instructions carefully.
Operating Lawn Tractor
IMPORTANT: Your tractor is shipped with oil; however
•
you must check the oil level always before operating.
Be careful not to overfill.
•
Starting Engine
IMPORTANT: This unit is equipped with a safety
interlock system for your protection. The purpose of
the safety interlock system is to prevent the engine from
cranking or starting unless the clutch-brake pedal is
depressed and the lift lever is in the BLADES STOP
position. In addition, the lift lever must be in the
BLADES STOP position when the unit is put into
reverse or the engine will shut off. If the operator leaves
the seat with the lift lever engaged and/or without
setting the parking brake, the engine will shut off.
•
•
•
WARNING: Do not operate the tractor if
the interlock system is malfunctioning
because it is a safety device, designed for
protection.
•
•
Turn the ignition key to the left to the OFF position.
Remove the key to prevent accidental starting.
IMPORTANT:If you strike a foreign object, stop the
engine. Remove wire from spark plug, thoroughly
inspect the unit for any damage, and repair the damage
before restarting and operating the mower.
Make sure that the blade(s) and the engine
have stopped completely before you put
hands or feet near the blade(s).
•
•
•
Push choke knob gradually. Move the throttle
control to desired engine speed.
Stopping Engine
Keep safety devices like guards, shields
and switches in place and fully functional.
•
Turn the ignition key to the right to the START
position. After the engine starts, release the key. It
will return to the ON position.
•
Place the lift lever in the BLADES STOP position.
Depress clutch-brake pedal and set parking brake.
Place the hydrostatic control lever in the NEUTRAL
(N) position.
Set the throttle control in the FAST position.
Pull out the choke control (a warm engine may not
require choking).
•
14
Move throttle control to full throttle to prevent strain
on the engine and to operate the cutting blades.
Depress the clutch-brake pedal while pushing
down on the parking brake knob so the parking
brake is released, and then release the clutchbrake pedal.
Place the hydrostatic control lever in either the
FORWARD or the REVERSE position. The farther
forward you move the lever, the faster you will
travel. Look to the rear before reversing.
To stop the lawn tractor, pull the hydrostatic control
lever into NEUTRAL (N) or depress the clutchbrake pedal.
Be sure that the lawn is clear of stones, sticks, wire,
or other objects which could damage lawn tractor or
engine. For best results and to insure more even
grass distribution, do not mow when the lawn is
excessively wet.
Before leaving the operator’s position for any
reason, disengage the blades, place the
hydrostatic control lever in neutral, engage the
parking brake, shut engine off and remove the key.
Follow the same procedure when stopping the unit
to empty a grass bag. This procedure will also
eliminate ‘‘browning’’ of the grass, which is caused
by exposure to hot exhaust gases from engine.
Setting Cutting Height
Grass Collector
•
Grass Collector Model OEM-190-063 is available as
optional equipment for lawn tractors with 38" and 42"
decks. Grass Collector Model OEM-190-103 is
available for lawn tractors with 46" decks.
•
Select the position for the lift lever which gives the
desired cutting height. Move the deck lift indicator
(if so equipped) so that the lift lever can be returned
to the same position after it is raised.
Move the deck wheels (if so equipped) to the hole
location so the wheels are 1/4 inch above the
ground. All wheels must be placed in the same
relative position.
NOTE: Under normal usage bag material is subject to
wear and should be checked periodically. Be sure to
use only factory authorized replacement bag.
WARNING: The mower should not be
operated without the entire grass catcher
or chute deflector firmly installed in place.
SECTION 6: MAKING ADJUSTMENTS
•
WARNING: Disconnect spark plug wires
and ground against the engine before
performing any adjustments, repairs or
maintenance.
•
•
Manual Adjustment Seat
•
To adjust the position of the seat, loosen the four
screws on the bottom of the seat. Slide the seat
forward or backward as desired. Retighten the four
screws. Refer to Figure 3.
Remove the transmission panel by removing the
parking brake knob and truss machine screws.
Loosen the hex jam nut on the speed selector
adjusting rod. See Figure 16.
Loosen the hex nut on the scissor mounting
bracket. See Figure 16.
Scissor
Bracket
Speed Selector
Adjusting Rod
Quick Adjustment Seat
•
To adjust the position of the seat, move the seat
adjustment lever (located under the seat) to the left
and slide the seat forward or backwards. Make sure
seat is locked into one of the six positions before
operating the lawn tractor. See Figure 15.
Scissor Mounting
Bracket
Figure 16
Seat
Adjustment Lever
•
•
Seat
Figure 15
Hydrostatic Neutral Control
•
The hydrostatic transmission control is in correct
adjustment when the tractor does not move with the
engine running, the clutch engaged and the hydrostatic
control lever in the neutral position. If adjustment is
necessary, follow these steps:
•
•
•
•
•
Raise both rear wheels off the ground by placing
blocks under the rear frame.
15
Start the engine and run at full throttle.
Move hydrostatic control lever until you find neutral.
At this position, rear wheels will not rotate in either
direction.
Depress the clutch-brake pedal until the scissor
brackets come together.
Shut off the engine.
Tighten hex nut on the scissor mounting bracket.
Thread the speed selector rod in or out of the
ferrule until the hydrostatic control lever lines up in
neutral position on the speed control index bracket.
Tighten hex jam nut against the ferrule.
•
•
Brake Adjustment
Replace the transmission panel and parking brake
knob.
Remove the blocks from under the frame and test
the operation of the tractor.
WARNING: Do not have the engine running
when you adjust the brake.
Deck Leveling
The brake is located by the right rear wheel inside the
frame. The brake has been set at the factory to the
proper clearance. During normal operation of this
machine, the brakes are subject to wear and will require
periodic examination and adjustment.
If the tractor is cutting grass unevenly, level the deck
following instructions in the Assembly Section.
Cutting Deck Engagement
The cutting deck engagement may be adjusted to
ensure that deck is disengaged when lift lever is in
BLADES STOP position. Correct adjustment as
follows.
•
•
•
With the engine off, place the lift lever in the highest
cutting position (first position).
Remove the cotter pin and flat washer which
secure the disengagement rod to the stabilizer
shaft assembly. See Figure 17.
Stabilizer Shaft
Assembly
To adjust the brake, adjust the nut so the brake
starts to engage when the brake lever is 1/4" to
5/16" away from the axle housing. See Figure 18.
Brake Lever
Nut
Disengagement Rod
Flat Washer &
Hairpin Clip
Stabilizer Shaft
Assembly
Figure 18
38" Decks
Disengagement Rod
Wheel Adjustment
(Units with Adjustable Tie Rod)
If the tractor turns tighter in one direction than the other,
or if either the tie rod and ferrule are being replaced due
to damage or wear, the tie rod may need to be adjusted.
To do so, proceed as follows:
•
Flat Washer &
Hairpin Clip
•
42” or 46”
Decks
Figure 17
•
•
•
•
Shorten the rod by threading it in, until the ferrule is
against the back of the slot in the lift shaft
assembly, and the rod lines up with the hole in the
stabilizer shaft.
For more belt tension, the disengagement rod must
be lengthened. To decrease belt tension the
disengagement rod must be shortened.
Check the adjustment by placing the lift lever in the
BLADES STOP position. The deck should move up
and forward, allowing the belt to become loose.
Start and test for disengagement. Repeat
procedure as necessary.
•
•
16
Place the steering wheel in position for straight
ahead travel.
In front of the pivot bar, measure the distance
horizontally from the inside of the left rim to the
inside of the right rim. Note the distance.
Behind the pivot bar, measure the distance
horizontally from the inside of the left rim to the
inside of the right rim. Note the distance.
The measurement taken in front of the pivot bar
should be between 1/16” and 5/16” less than the
measurement taken behind the pivot bar. If it is not,
an adjustment is necessary. Proceed as follows.
Locate the ferrule at the right end of the tie rod, just
to the rear of the right, front tire of tractor. See
Figure 19.
•
•
Flat Washer
Cotter Pin
Make certain the steering wheel is in position for
straight-ahead travel before again taking
measurements. Continue to repeat the steps above
until a proper adjustment is achieved.
Secure the tie rod to the right axle with the flat
washer removed earlier and a replacement cotter
pin (714-0470).
IMPORTANT:Do NOT reuse the original cotter pin once
it has been removed.
Tie Rod
Carburetor
Ferrule
WARNING: If any adjustments are made to
the engine while the engine is running
(e.g. carburetor), disengage all clutches
and blades. Keep clear of all moving parts.
Be careful of heated surfaces and muffler.
Right Axle
Right Front
Tire
Figure 19
•
•
Minor carburetor adjustments may be required to
compensate for differences in fuel, temperature,
altitude and load. Refer to separate engine manual for
carburetor adjustment information.
Remove the cotter pin and flat washer which
secures the adjustment ferrule to the tractors right
axle.
Two turns at a time, thread the adjustment ferrule
toward the right, front tire to lengthen the tie rod. Or,
thread the adjustment ferrule away from the right,
front tire to shorten the tie rod.
NOTE: A dirty air cleaner will cause an engine to run
rough. Be certain air cleaner is clean and attached to
the carburetor before adjusting carburetor.
NOTE: Lengthening the tie rod increases the tractor’s
front tie toe-in. Shortening the tie rod decreases the
tractor’s front tire toe-in.
•
Reinsert the adjustment ferrule and temporarily
secure it with the cotter pin removed earlier.
SECTION 7: MAINTAINING YOUR LAWN TRACTOR
Battery Care
Type “A” Battery
•
Type “A” batteries are maintenance-free.
Type “B” Battery
•
•
Check fluid level inside each cell of the battery
every two weeks and before and after charging.
Always keep level between maximum and
minimum fill level.
Add only distilled water. Never add additional acid
or any other chemicals to the battery after initial
activation.
charged before, during and after off-season
storage.
To charge the battery:
Battery P/N 725-1705D—Charge at 2-3 amps for
one hour. Battery P/N 725-1707D, 725-0453G, and
725-1750—Charge at 6 amps for one hour.
WARNING: When removing or installing
the battery, follow these instructions to
prevent the screwdriver from shorting
against the frame.
•
NOTE: After operating the lawn tractor for a long period
of time, check the fluid level in the battery as it can
overheat and lose fluid.
•
•
•
Removing the Battery: Disconnect negative cable
first, then positive cable.
Installing the Battery: Connect positive cable first,
then negative cable.
Jump Starting
The engine is equipped with an alternator which
charges battery when tractor is operated. Under
normal conditions, the battery only needs to be
17
First, connect end of one jumper cable to the
positive terminal of the good battery, then the other
end to the positive terminal of the dead battery.
•
Connect the other jumper cable to the negative
terminal of the good battery, then to the frame of
the unit with the dead battery.
WARNING: Failure to use this procedure
could cause sparking, and the gas in
either battery could explode.
•
Lube
Lube
Cleaning Battery
Clean the battery by removing it from the unit and
washing with a baking soda and water solution. If
necessary, scrape the battery terminals with a wire
brush to remove deposits. Coat terminals and
exposed wiring with grease or petroleum jelly to
prevent corrosion.
Battery Failures
Some common causes for battery failure are: incorrect
initial activation, lack of water, adding chemicals other
than water after initial activation, undercharging,
overcharging, corroded connections, freezing. These
failures do not constitute warranty.
Lube
Lubrication
Figure 20
WARNING: Always stop engine and
disconnect spark plug wire before
cleaning, lubricating or doing any kind of
work on lawn tractor.
Linkage
•
Pivot Points
•
•
Lubricate all pivot points with light oil once a season.
Ball Joints
•
The ball joints and drag link ends are permanently
lubricated and do not need periodic lubrication.
Cutting Blades
Hydrostatic Transmission
Removing Blade
The hydrostatic transmission is filled at the factory and
does not require checking. If repairs are needed,
contact your local service dealer. The hydrostatic
transmission contains approximately 2.5 quarts of SAE
20W50 oil.
WARNING: Be sure to disconnect and
ground the spark plug wire(s) and remove
ignition key before working on the cutting
blade to prevent accidental engine
starting. Protect hands by using heavy
gloves or a rag to grasp the cutting blades.
Steering Gears
•
Lubricate teeth of steering gears with automotive
multi-purpose grease after every 25 hours of
operation or once a season. See Figure 20.
•
Steering Shaft
•
Once a season lubricate all the pivot points on the
clutch, brake and lift linkage with SAE 30 engine oil.
Wheels
The front wheels may be provided with optional
grease fittings. The rear wheels must be removed
from the axle for lubrication. Lubricate at least once
a season with automotive multi-purpose grease.
Lubricate steering shaft at least once a season with
light oil. See Figure 20.
18
Remove the hex flange nut which holds the blade to
the blade spindle. See Figure 21.
•
Deck Belt (38" and 42" Decks)
Remove the blade from the spindle.
•
Deck
•
Blade
Place the lift lever in the engaged (all the way
forward) position.
Disconnect the spring which is attached to a
bracket on the transaxle, inside the right rear wheel.
Use a spring puller or other suitable tool.
NOTE: When reassembling, make certain belt keeper
pins are assembled in the same locations from which
they were removed. See Figure 22.
Blade
Belt Keeper Pins
Hex Flange
Nut
Figure 21
Sharpening Blade
•
•
Remove the cutting blades by following the
directions in the preceding section.
When sharpening the blades, follow the original
angle of grind as a guide. It is extremely important
that each cutting edge receives an equal amount of
grinding to prevent an unbalanced blade. An
unbalanced blade will cause excessive vibration
when rotating at high speeds, may damage the
tractor and/or could break, causing personal injury.
Engine
Pulley
Figure 22
Balancing Blade
•
•
•
•
•
The blade can be tested for balance by balancing it
on a round shaft screwdriver. Remove metal from
the heavy side until it balances evenly.
Reassembly
•
When replacing blades, be sure to install the blade
with the side of the blade marked ‘‘Bottom’’ (or with
part number) facing the ground when the tractor is
in the operating position. Carefully align “star” on
blade with “star” on spindle. Secure with flange nut.
•
•
Blade Mounting Torque
•
•
•
Hex Flange Nut: 840 in. lb. min., 1080 in. lb. max.
•
All nuts and bolts must be checked periodically for
correct tightness.
•
Belt Replacement
Place the lift lever in the BLADES STOP position.
Remove the belt keeper pins from the lower frame.
Unhook the deck belt from the engine pulley.
Place the lift lever in the engaged (all the way
forward) position.
Disconnect the stabilizer plate from the stabilizer
shaft assembly by removing the hairpin clips and
flat washers and sliding out the rod.
Disconnect the six deck links by removing the
hairpin clips and flat washers.
Place the lift lever in the BLADES STOP position.
Slide the deck from beneath the lawn tractor.
Remove the belt guards at each deck pulley by
removing the self-tapping screws. See Figure 23.
Remove and replace the belt, reassemble following
the instructions in reverse order.
Stabilizer Plate
WARNING: Disconnect the spark plug
wire(s) and ground it against the engine.
Block the wheels of the unit.
Self-Tapping
Screws
NOTE: Figure 22 and Figure 25 are shown with the unit
tipped up for clarity. It is not necessary to tip the unit to
remove the belts. However, for convenience, if you
decide to tip it, remove the battery from the unit first.
•
To prevent gasoline leakage, drain the gasoline, or
remove the fuel tank cap. Place a thin piece of
plastic over the neck of the fuel tank and screw on
the cap. Be certain to remove the plastic when
finished changing the belts. Block unit securely.
Figure 23
19
Belt Guard
Deck Belts (46" Deck)
•
•
•
Drive Belt
Place the lift lever all the way forward.
Disconnect the spring which is attached to a
bracket on the transaxle inside the right rear wheel.
Use a spring puller or other suitable tool.
•
•
•
NOTE: When reassembling, make certain belt keeper
pins are assembled in the same locations from which
they were removed. See Figure 22.
•
•
•
•
•
Place the lift lever in the BLADES STOP position.
Remove the belt keeper pins from the lower frame.
Refer to Figure 22.
Unhook the deck belt from the engine pulley.
Place the lift lever in the engaged (all the way
forward) position.
•
•
Reassemble new belts, following instructions in
reverse order.
Depress the clutch pedal and set the parking brake.
Remove the deck from the lawn tractor.
Raise and block the front wheels of the lawn tractor
so you can work under it.
Remove the transmission panel by removing the
parking brake knob and truss machine screws.
Raise the seat. Disconnect the battery cables.
Remove the battery from the unit.
Disconnect the idler pulley spring which is attached
to a bracket on the frame, inside the left rear wheel.
Use a spring puller or other suitable tool.
See Figure 25.
Self-Tapping Screws
Engine
Pulley
Deck
Pulley
Belt Cover
Center Bolt, Lock
Washer, & Flat Washer
Self-Tapping
Screws
Belt Cover
Drive
Belt
Idler
Pulley
Idler
Pulley
Transmission
Pulley
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Bracket
Deck
Pulley
Figure 25
Figure 24
•
Idler
Pulley Spring
•
Disconnect the stabilizer plate from the stabilizer
shaft assembly by removing the hairpin clips and
the flat washers and sliding out the rod. Refer to
Figure 17.
Disconnect the six deck links by removing the
hairpin clips and flat washers.
Place the lift lever in the BLADES STOP position.
Slide the deck from beneath the lawn tractor.
Remove the top deck drive belt by lifting up on the
stabilizer plate, and slipping belt off the pulley.
Remove the belt cover at the two outside deck
pulleys, by removing the self-tapping screws.
See Figure 24.
Release the tension on the spring loaded idler by
pushing the idler toward the rear of the deck.
Remove the belt from around the idler pulleys, and
remove from the three deck pulleys. See Figure 24.
•
•
•
•
Remove the three self-tapping screws from the
cooling fan. Remove the fan.
Remove the center bolt, lock washer and flat
washer, and let the engine pulley drop down so the
belt is past the belt guards. See Figure 25.
Roll the belt off of top sheave of engine pulley, onto
the pulley hub.
Remove the belt from the transmission pulley and
engine pulley, and remove from the unit.
Reassemble using a new belt, following
instructions in reverse order.
Hydrostatic Transmission Cooling
The hydrostatic transmission is cooled by the oil, fan
and fins. If the hydrostatic transmission runs hot, check
to see if the fan is in operating condition, the oil level is
correct and the fins are clean.
20
Oil Drain Sleeve (If equipped)
NOTE: DO NOT use high pressure water spray or
steam to clean the hydrostatic transmission.
•
WARNING: Disconnect spark plug wire
and ground against engine before
performing any adjustments, repairs or
maintenance work on the tractor.
Your lawn tractor may have a plastic oil drain
sleeve packed with the loose parts for your
convenience in draining oil from the crankcase. To
drain the oil, snap small end of oil drain sleeve onto
oil sump. Remove drain plug and drain oil into a
suitable container. See Figure 26.
Fuel Filter
•
Your unit is equipped with a replaceable in-line fuel
filter. Replace filter whenever contamination or
discoloration is noticed. Order replacement filter
through your authorized engine service dealer.
Oil Sump
Cleaning Engine & Deck
•
•
Any fuel or oil spilled on the machine should be
wiped off promptly. Grass, leaves, and other dirt
must not be left to accumulate around the cooling
fins of the engine or on any part of the machine.
Clean the underside of the deck after each mowing.
Oil Drain
Sleeve
Figure 26
Oil Drain Valve (If equipped)
Engine
•
•
•
•
•
Refer to the separate engine manual for engine
maintenance instructions.
Service air cleaner every 10 hours under normal
conditions. Clean every few hours under extremely
dusty conditions. To service the air cleaner, refer to
the separate engine manual packed with your unit.
The spark plug(s) should be cleaned and the gap
reset once a season. Spark plug replacement is
recommended at the start of each mowing season;
check engine manual for correct plug type and gap
specifications.
Maintain engine oil as instructed in the separate
engine manual packed with your unit. Read and
follow instructions carefully.
Your lawn tractor may have a valve installed on the
engine for draining oil from the crankcase. To drain
the oil, insert the 12" hose (shipped loose with your
unit) over the end of the valve. Place the other end
in a suitable container. Push in black cap, rotate
counter-clockwise and pull valve open. When oil is
completely drained, push top of valve in and rotate
clockwise to close. See Figure 27.
12" Drain
Hose
Oil Drain
Valve
Figure 27
Tire Pressure
Recommended operating tire pressure is
approximately 10 p.s.i. Maximum tire pressure under
any circumstance is 30 p.s.i. Equal tire pressure should
be maintained on all tires.
21
•
•
When installing a tire to the rim, be certain rim is
clean and free of rust. Lubricate both the tire and
rim generously. Never inflate to over 30 p.s.i. to
seat beads.
WARNING: Excessive pressure (over 30
p.s.i.) when seating beads may cause tire/
rim assembly to burst with force sufficient
to cause serious injury.
•
•
OFF-SEASON STORAGE
If the tractor will remain unused for more than 30 days,
prepare it for storage as follows.
•
•
•
If your tractor is equipped with the B type battery,
charge it fully. The battery loses some of its charge
each day when the unit is not used. NEVER store
battery without a full charge. Recharge battery
before returning to service or every two months,
whichever occurs first.
When storing unit for extended periods, disconnect
battery cables. Removing battery from unit is
recommended.
Store unit in a clean, dry area. Do not store next to
corrosive materials, such as fertilizer.
NOTE: When storing any type of power equipment in
an unventilated or metal storage shed, care should be
taken to rustproof the equipment. Using a light oil or
silicone, coat the equipment, especially any chains,
springs, bearings and cables.
Clean the engine and the entire unit thoroughly.
Lubricate all pivot and linkage points. Wipe the
tractor with an oiled rag to protect the surfaces.
Refer to the engine manual for correct engine
storage instructions. The engine must be
completely drained of fuel to prevent gum deposits
from forming on essential carburetor parts, fuel
lines and fuel tanks.
SECTION 8: OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
Description
40" Two Stage Snow Thrower
42" Dozer Blade
Mulch Kit for 38"/42" Deck
Mulch Kit for 46" Deck
Twin Bag Grass Collector for 38"/42" Side Discharge Decks
Twin Bag Grass Collector for 46" Side Discharge Decks
Front Counterweight
Tire Chains—
18 x 8.5
18 x 9.5
20 x 8
20 x 10
31 Lb. Wheel Weights
Gang Reel (Set of three)
38" Lawn Sweeper
Heavy Duty Dump Cart
Tine De-Thatcher
Front Bumper
Model No.
OEM-190-621
OEM-190-620
OEM-190-112
OEM-190-118
OEM-190-063
OEM-190-103
OEM-190-745
OEM-190-754
OEM-190-657
OEM-190-658
OEM-190-915
OEM-190-215
45-0195*
45-0222*
45-0171*
45-0186*
OEM-190-672
NOTE: These lawn tractors are not designed for ground-engaging equipment (tillers, plows, etc).
*Available through your local dealer or from Agri-Fab Inc., 303 W. Raymond Street, Sullivan, Illinois 61951.
22
SECTION 9: TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE
Trouble
Possible Cause(s)
Corrective Action
Engine will
not crank
1. Safety switch
button not
depressed.
2. Battery installed
incorrectly.
1. There are two switches in the starting circuit of your unit: the clutch
pedal switch and the deck lift lever switch. Make certain the actuator is
fully depressing the buttons on each switch.
2. The battery must be installed with negative terminal attached to black
ground wire. Negative terminal is identified at the post by “NEG”, “N” or
“-”. The positive terminal, identified by “POS”, “P” or “+”, must be
attached to the big red wire which goes to the solenoid. All batteries are
to be fully charged before installing. Refer to “Quick Start” battery guide
that came with the operator’s manual.
3. Check fluid level in battery. If fluid is low, fill to just below split rings with
water. Charge with 6 AMP charger until fully charged.
4. Refer to operator’s manual for fuse box location. Replace fuse with
automotive type fuse. Fuses seldom fail without a reason. The problem
must be corrected. Check for loose connections in the fuse holder.
Replace fuse holder if necessary. A dead short may be in the cranking
or charging circuit where the insulation may have rubbed through and
exposed the bare wire. Replace the wire or repair with electrician's tape
if the wire strands have not been damaged.
3. Battery is dead or
weak.
4. Blown fuse or
circuit breaker.
NOTE: Note: Look for a wire pinched between body panels, burned by the
exhaust pipe or muffler or rubbed against a moving part.
5. Engine ground wire 5. Engine should have a black ground wire running from engine to frame
or mounting bolt.
loose.
Engine
cranks but
will not start
1. Throttle or choke
not in starting
position.
2. No fuel to the
carburetor.
1. Check operator's manual for correct position for throttle control and
choke for starting.
1. Bent or
damaged blade.
1. Stop engine immediately. Check all pulleys, blade adapters, keys and
bolts for
tightness and spindle damage. Tighten or replace any damaged parts.
2. A. Gasoline tank empty. Fill.
B. Fuel line or in-line fuel filter plugged. Remove and clean fuel line.
Replace filter.
3. No spark to spark 3. Connect lead. Hold spark plug lead away from engine block about 1/8".
Crank engine. There should be a spark. If not, have engine repaired at
plug. Spark plug
authorized engine service dealer.
lead disconnected.
4. Faulty spark plug. 4. To test, remove spark plug. Attach spark plug lead to spark plug.
Ground the spark plug body against the engine block. Crank the engine.
The spark plug should fire at the electrode. Replace if it does not.
5. If the air cleaner is dirty, the engine may not start. Refer to the engine
5. Dirty air cleaner.
manual packed with your unit.
Excessive
vibration
Mower will 1. Engine speed low.
2. Cutting height set
not
too low.
discharge
grass and/ 3. Blades short or
dull.
or leaves
uncut strips
1. Throttle must be set at full throttle.
2. Use lower ground speed. The slower your ground speed, the better the
quality of cut.
3. Raise deck. Sharpen or replace blades (uncut strip problem only).
NOTE: If the above steps fail to correct the problem, contact your local authorized service dealer for repair.
23
MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR:
The limited warranty set forth below is given by MTD LLC with
respect to new merchandise purchased and used in the
United States, its possessions and territories.
MTD LLC warrants this product against defects for a period of
two (2) years commencing on the date of original purchase
and will, at its option, repair or replace, free of charge, any
part found to be defective in materials or workmanship. This
limited warranty shall only apply if this product has been
operated and maintained in accordance with the Operator’s
Manual furnished with the product, and has not been subject
to misuse, abuse, commercial use, neglect, accident,
improper maintenance, alteration, vandalism, theft, fire,
water, or damage because of other peril or natural disaster.
Damage resulting from the installation or use of any
accessory or attachment not approved by MTD LLC for use
with the product(s) covered by this manual will void your
warranty as to any resulting damage.
Normal wear parts or components thereof are subject to
separate terms as follows: All normal wear parts or
component failures will be covered on the product for a period
of 90 days regardless of cause. After 90 days, but within the
two year period, normal wear part failures will be covered
ONLY IF caused by defects in materials or workmanship of
OTHER component parts. Normal wear parts and
components include, but are not limited to: batteries, belts,
blades, blade adapters, grass bags, rider deck wheels, seats,
snow thrower skid shoes, shave plates, auger spiral rubber,
and tires.
HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE: Warranty service is available,
WITH PROOF OF PURCHASE, through your local authorized
service dealer. To locate the dealer in your area, check your
Yellow Pages, or contact MTD LLC at P.O. Box 361131,
Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019, or call 1-800-800-7310 or 1330-220-4683 or log on to our Web site at
www.mtdproducts.com.
This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the
following cases:
a.
b.
c.
The engine or component parts thereof. These items
carry a separate manufacturer’s warranty. Refer to
applicable manufacturer’s warranty for terms and
conditions.
Log splitter pumps, valves, and cylinders have a sepa
rate one year warranty.
Routine maintenance items such as lubricants, filters,
blade sharpening, tune-ups, brake adjustments, clutch
adjustments, deck adjustments, and normal
deterioration of the exterior finish due to use or
exposure.
d.
e.
f.
g.
MTD LLC does not extend any warranty for products
sold or exported outside of the United States, its
possesions and territories, except those sold through
MTD LLC’s authorized channels of export distribution.
Parts that are not genuine MTD parts are not covered
by this warranty.
Service completed by someone other than an
authorized service dealer is not covered by this
warranty.
Transportation charges and service calls are not
covered.
No implied warranty, including any implied warranty of
merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose,
applies after the applicable period of express written
warranty above as to the parts as identified. No other
express warranty, whether written or oral, except as
mentioned above, given by any person or entity,
including a dealer or retailer, with respect to any product,
shall bind MTD LLC. During the period of the warranty,
the exclusive remedy is repair or replacement of the
product as set forth above.
The provisions as set forth in this warranty provide the
sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sale. MTD
LLC shall not be liable for incidental or consequential
loss or damage including, without limitation, expenses
incurred for substitute or replacement lawn care services
or for rental expenses to temporarily replace a warranted
product.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how
long an implied warranty lasts, so the above exclusions or
limitations may not apply to you.
In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the
amount of the purchase price of the product sold. Alteration
of safety features of the product shall void this warranty.
You assume the risk and liability for loss, damage, or injury to
you and your property and/or to others and their property
arising out of the misuse or inability to use the product.
This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than the
original purchaser or to the person for whom it was purchased
as a gift.
HOW STATE LAW RELATES TO THIS WARRANTY: This
limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
MTD LLC, P.O. BOX 361131 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019; Phone: 1-800-800-7310, 1-330-220-4683