Airlink101 AR580W3G Network Router User Manual

Wireless N 150 3G/3.5G Travel Router
Model # AR580W3G
User’s Manual
Ver. 1A
COPYRIGHT
Copyright ©2009/2010 by this company. All rights reserved. No part of this publication
may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated
into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of this company
This company makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with
respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability
or fitness for any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or
licensed "as is". Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer
(and not this company, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all
necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from
any defect in the software. Further, this company reserves the right to revise this
publication and to make changes from time to time in the contents thereof without
obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
Federal Communication Commission
Interference Statement
FCC Part 15
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with provided instructions
and a minimum 20 cm spacing must be provided between computer mounted antenna
and person’s body (excluding extremities of hands, wrist and feet) during wireless modes
of operation.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the authority to operate equipment.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20cm (8 inches)
during normal operation.
The antenna(s) used for this transmitter must not be co-located or operating in
conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
The equipment version marketed in US is restricted to usage of the channels 1-11 only.
R&TTE Compliance Statement
This equipment complies with all the requirements of DIRECTIVE 1999/5/EC OF THE
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL of March 9, 1999 on radio equipment
and telecommunication terminal Equipment and the mutual recognition of their
conformity (R&TTE).
The R&TTE Directive repeals and replaces in the directive 98/13/EEC
(Telecommunications Terminal Equipment and Satellite Earth Station Equipment) As of
April 8, 2000.
Safety
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install and
use it. However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock and static
electricity when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines of this and of the
computer manufacture must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure the safe use of
the equipment.
EU Countries Intended for Use
The ETSI version of this device is intended for home and office use in Austria, Belgium,
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the
Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
The ETSI version of this device is also authorized for use in EFTA member states:
Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.
Important Health Information and Safety
Precautions
When using this product, the safety precautions below must be taken to avoid possible
legal liabilities and damages. Retain and follow all product safety and operating
instructions. Observe all warnings in the operating instructions on the product.
To reduce the risk of bodily injury, electric shock, fire, and damage to the equipment,
observe the following precautions.
ELECTRICAL SAFETY
This product is intended for use when supplied with power from the designated battery or
power supply unit. Other usage may be dangerous and will invalidate any approval given
to this product.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR POWER SUPPLY UNIT
•
Use the correct external power source
A product should be operated only from the type of power source indicated on the
electrical ratings label. If you are not sure of the type of power source required,
consult your authorized service provider or local power company. For a product
that operates from battery power or other sources, refer to the operating
instructions that are included with the product.
•
Handle battery packs carefully
This product contains a Li-ion battery. There is a risk of fire and burns if the battery
pack is handled improperly. Do not attempt to open or service the battery pack. Do
not disassemble, crush, puncture, short external contacts or circuits, dispose of in
fire or water, or expose a battery pack to temperatures higher than 60˚C (140˚F).
WARNING: Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. To
reduce risk of fire or burns, do not disassemble, crush, puncture,
short external contacts, expose to temperature above 60° C (140° F),
or dispose of in fire or water. Replace only with specified batteries. Recycle or
dispose of used batteries according to the local regulations or reference guide
supplied with your product.
Note: This product should be operated only with the following designated Battery
Pack(s).
Model : 445NP120
Take extra precautions
•
Keep the battery or travel router dry and away from water or any liquid as it may
cause a short circuit.
•
Keep metal objects away so they don’t come in contact with the battery or its
connectors as it may lead to short circuit during operation.
•
Do not use a battery that appears damaged, deformed, or discolored, or the one
that has any rust on its casing, overheats, or emits a foul odor.
•
Always keep the battery out of the reach of babies and small children, to avoid
swallowing of the battery. Consult the doctor immediately if the battery is
swallowed.
•
If the battery leaks:
Do not allow the leaking fluid to come in contact with skin or clothing. If already in
contact, flush the affected area immediately with clean water and seek medical
advice.
Do not allow the leaking fluid to come in contact with eyes. If already in contact,
DO NOT rub; rinse with clean water immediately and seek medical advice.
Take extra precautions to keep a leaking battery away from fire as there is a
danger of ignition or explosion.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR DIRECT SUNLIGHT
Keep this product away from excessive moisture and extreme temperatures. Do not
leave the product or its battery inside a vehicle or in places where the temperature may
exceed 60°C (140°F), such as on a car dashboard, window sill, or behind a glass that is
exposed to direct sunlight or strong ultraviolet light for extended periods of time. This
may damage the product, overheat the battery, or pose a risk to the vehicle.
SAFETY IN AIRCRAFT
Due to the possible interference caused by this product to an aircraft’s navigation system
and its communications network, using this travel router on board an airplane is against
the law in most countries. Please don’t use this travel router when you are on board an
aircraft.
ENVIRONMENT RESTRICTIONS
Do not use this product in gas stations, fuel depots, chemical plants or where blasting
operations are in progress, or in potentially explosive atmospheres such as fuelling
areas, fuel storehouses, below deck on boats, chemical plants, fuel or chemical transfer
or storage facilities, and areas where the air contains chemicals or particles, such as
grain, dust, or metal powders. Please be aware that sparks in such areas could cause an
explosion or fire resulting in bodily injury or even death.
EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES
When in any area with a potentially explosive atmosphere or where flammable materials
exist, the product should be turned off and the user should obey all signs and instructions.
Sparks in such areas could cause an explosion or fire resulting in bodily injury or even
death. Users are advised not to use the equipment at refueling points such as service or
gas stations, and are reminded of the need to observe restrictions on the use of radio
equipment in fuel depots, chemical plants, or where blasting operations are in progress.
Areas with a potentially explosive atmosphere are often, but not always, clearly marked.
These include fueling areas, below deck on boats, fuel or chemical transfer or storage
facilities, and areas where the air contains chemicals or particles, such as grain, dust, or
metal powders.
INTERFERENCE WITH MEDICAL EQUIPMENT FUNCTIONS
This product may cause medical equipment to malfunction. The use of this device is
forbidden in most hospitals and medical clinics.
If you use any other personal medical device, consult the manufacturer of your device to
determine if they are adequately shielded from external RF energy. Your physician may
be able to assist you in obtaining this information.
Turn your travel router OFF in health care facilities when any regulations posted in these
areas instruct you to do so. Hospitals or health care facilities may be using equipment
that could be sensitive to external RF energy.
Electrical Safety
•
Accessories
- Use only approved accessories.
- Do not connect with incompatible products or accessories.
- Take care not to touch or allow metal objects, such as coins or key rings, to
contact or short-circuit the battery terminals.
•
Faulty and Damaged Products
- Do not attempt to disassemble the phone or its accessory.
- Only qualified personnel must service or repair the phone or its accessory.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 PRODUCT INFORMATION..................................................................................................... 1
1-1 INTRODUCTION AND SAFETY INFORMATION ............................................................................... 1
1-2 SAFETY INFORMATION..................................................................................................................... 2
1-3 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS................................................................................................................ 3
1-4 PACKAGE CONTENTS....................................................................................................................... 3
1-5 FAMILIAR WITH YOUR NEW PORTABLE 3G ROUTER ................................................................... 4
CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM AND NETWORK SETUP ........................................................................................ 7
2-1 GETTING STARTED ........................................................................................................................... 7
2-2 BUILD NETWORK CONNECTION ..................................................................................................... 9
2-3 CONNECTING TO PORTABLE 3G ROUTER BY WEB BROWSER................................................ 12
2-4 USING ‘QUICK SETUP’ .................................................................................................................... 14
2-5 BASIC SETUP ................................................................................................................................... 30
2-6 SETUP INTERNET CONNECTION (WAN SETUP).......................................................................... 34
2-6 SETUP INTERNET CONNECTION (WAN SETUP).......................................................................... 35
2-7 WIRED LAN CONFIGURATIONS ..................................................................................................... 52
2-8 WIRELESS LAN CONFIGURATIONS............................................................................................... 58
CHAPTER 3 ADVANCED FUNCTIONS..................................................................................................... 76
3-1 QUALITY OF SERVICE (QOS) ......................................................................................................... 76
3-2 NETWORK ADDRESS TRANSLATION (NAT).................................................................................. 81
3-3 FIREWALL ......................................................................................................................................... 92
3-4 FAIL OVER ...................................................................................................................................... 106
3-5 SYSTEM STATUS ........................................................................................................................... 108
3-6 CONFIGURATION BACKUP AND RESTORE ................................................................................ 113
3-7 FIRMWARE UPGRADE .................................................................................................................. 114
3-8 SYSTEM RESET ............................................................................................................................. 116
CHAPTER 4 APPENDIX........................................................................................................................... 117
4-1 HARDWARE SPECIFICATION ....................................................................................................... 117
4-2 TROUBLESHOOTING..................................................................................................................... 118
4-3 GLOSSARY ..................................................................................................................................... 121
Chapter 1 Product Information
1-1 Introduction and safety information
Thank you for purchasing Airlink101® Wireless N 150 3G/3.5G Travel Router with Li-ion
Battery, AR580W3G. The thin and compact travel router, integrated with Li-ion battery
inside, assists you to set up a wireless network using 3G USB modem or Ethernet
connection anywhere. When the 3G/3.5G (UMTS/HSDPA/EVDO) USB modem card is
connected, all computers and network devices can easily to share the 3G mobile Internet
connection at high speed. AR580W3G also supports DSL / Cable modem connection,
which is another option of connecting to the Internet when 3G service is not available; it
is the most convenient and cost-efficiency choice for you.
With Wireless N technology, all computers and wireless-enabled network devices
(including PDA, cellular phone, game console, and more!) can transfer file up to
150Mbps (transfer data rate). Stable wireless connection and high bandwidth enable you
to enjoy the network applications without any interruption.
Other features of this router including:
•
•
•
•
High Internet Access throughput of up to 150Mbps*
Supports up to 253 users
Share Internet connection from either your 3G USB modem or Cable/DSL
LAN/WAN function switchable on the Ethernet Port (10/100M)
•
•
Supports IEEE 802.11 b/g/n standards
Supports UMTS/HSDPA/EVDO cellular network devices
•
•
•
Supports DHCP (Server/Client) for easy IP-address setup
Supports WPA2,WPA-PSK, and WEP wireless security
Advanced network and security features, such as Special Applications, QoS,
Virtual Servers, Access Control, Firewall.
•
Allow you to monitor the router’s status like: DHCP Client Log, System Log,
Security Log and Device/Connection Status, Modem Info.
•
User-friendly Web-based GUI and EZ Setup Wizard on the Setup CD for quick
and simple configuration and management purposes
1
• Remote management function allows configuration and upgrades from a remote
computer (over the Internet)
• Auto MDI / MDI-X function for all wired Ethernet ports.
1-2 Safety Information
In order to keep the safety of users and your properties, please follow the following
safety instructions:
1. This router is designed for indoor use only; DO NOT place this router outdoor.
2. DO NOT put this router at or near hot or humid places, like kitchen or bathroom. Also,
do not left this router in the car in summer.
3. DO NOT pull any connected cable with force; disconnect it from the router first.
4. If you want to place this router at high places or hang on the wall, please make sure
the router is firmly secured. Falling from high places would damage the router and its
accessories, and warranty will be void.
5. Accessories of this router, like antenna and power supply, are danger to small
children under 3 years old. They may put the small parts in their nose or month and it
could cause serious damage to them. KEEP THIS ROUTER OUT THE REACH OF
CHILDREN!
6. The router will become hot when being used for long time (This is normal and is not
a malfunction). DO NOT put this router on paper, cloth, or other flammable
materials.
7. There’s no user-serviceable part inside the router. If you found that the router is not
working properly, please contact your dealer of purchase and ask for help. DO NOT
disassemble the router, warranty will be void.
8. If the router falls into water when it’s powered, DO NOT use your hand to pick it up.
Switch the electrical power off before you do anything, or contact an experienced
technician for help.
9. If you smell something strange, or even see some smoke coming out from the router
or power supply, remove the power supply or switch the electrical power off
immediately, and call dealer of purchase for help.
10. Always switch the device off before removing the battery.
11. Use only battery and power adapter supplied with the product. The use of any other
types may be dangerous.
2
1-3 System Requirements
Internet connection, provided by DSL or cable modem or 3G/3.5 USB modem.
Computer or network devices with wired or wireless network interface card.
Web browser (Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 or above, Netscape Navigator 4.7
or above, Opera web browser, or Safari web browser).
An available AC power socket (100 – 240V, 50/60Hz)
1-4 Package Contents
Before you starting to use this router, please check if there’s anything missing in the
package, and contact your dealer of purchase to claim for missing items:
1. 3G/3.5G Travel Router
2. Quick Installation Guide
3. Setup CD
4. A/C Power Adapter
5. Li-ion Battery
2
3
5
1
4
3
1-5 Familiar with your new Portable 3G Router
LED Definitions
LED Name
Light Status
Description
Green On
Router is switched on and correctly powered or
the battery is charged completely.
PWR/CHG
WLAN
Orange On
The battery is charging.
Orange
Battery power is not enough, only 20 minutes
Flashing
remains.
Off
Router is powered off.
Off
Wireless network is switched off.
Flashing
Wireless LAN activity (transferring or receiving
data).
WPS
On
Wireless WPS function is enabled.
Off
Wireless WPS function is not enabled or the
connection is successfully.
4
ETHERNET
On
ETHERNET port is connected.
Off
ETHERNET port is not connected.
Flashing
ETHERNET activity (transferring or receiving
data).
INTERNET
On
Router is connected to the Internet.
Off
Router is not connected to the Internet.
Flashing
Router is connecting to the Internet.
5
Right and Left Side Panel
RJ-45
Item Name
Description
LAN/WAN Switch
Switch the Ethernet port to LAN or WAN. Switch to WAN function if you
want to access to the Internet through your xDSL or Cable modem
network service. WAN access can also be a back up for 3G network.
Please refer to Section 3-4 for more details.
WPS
Start WPS function or reset the router to factory default settings (clear all
settings). Press this button and hold for over 10 seconds to restore all
settings to factory defaults, or press this button for less than 5 seconds to
start WPS function.
ON/OFF
Switch the button to activate or deactivate the router.
DC in
Connect the supplied power adapter to this mini USB port to charge the
battery.
RJ-45 Port
Local/ Wide Area Network (LAN/WAN) port.
6
Chapter 2 System and Network Setup
2-1 Getting Started
Before you using the router, please follow the following instructions to charge the router.
1. Remove the battery cover in the rear side of the router and insert the supplied battery
into the slot and then put back the cover.
2. Connect the power adapter to the wall socket, and then connect it to the mini USB
port of the router to charge the battery.
7
Note: It takes about four hours to charge the battery.
3. When the battery is charged, the ‘Power’ LED is lit in orange color. When the ‘Power’
LED is not lit, the battery is charged completely.
Note: The ‘Power’ LED is lit in green color when the battery is charged completely if
router is activated before charged.
4. Switch the button to ‘ON’ to activate the router.
8
Warning:
1. Always switch the device off before removing the battery.
2. Use only battery and power adapter supplied with the product. The use of any other
types may be dangerous.
Note: There are three ways to activate the router.
1. To use battery.
2. To use power adapter.
3. To use power adapter, at the meanwhile, put the charged battery into the router
and the battery will be charged.
2-2 Configure your 3G Router with EZ Setup Wizard
Please follow the following instruction to build the network connection
between your new portable 3G router and your computers, network devices:
9
1. Connect your 3G/3.5G USB modem to the USB port located on the top
side of the router.
2. Connect your computer to the Ethernet port on the right side of the router
for configuring the router.
Note: It is recommended to configure the router through the Ethernet port
for the first time setup.
Please go to Section 3-4 Fail Over to assign the WAN connection priority
if you have subscribed to both 3G and xDSL/Cable Modem services.
10
3. Make sure you have switch on the router by switching the ‘ON/OFF’
button to ‘ON’.
4. Please check all LEDs on the front side. ‘PWR/CHR’ LED should be
steadily on in green color, and ‘ETHERNET’ LED should be on if the
computer / network device connected to the Ethernet port of the router is
powered on and correctly connected.
5. If PWD LED is not on, or any LED you expected is not on, please
recheck the cabling, or jump to ‘4-2 Troubleshooting’ for possible reasons
and solution.
11
2-3 Connecting to Portable 3G Router by web browser
Start your web browser, and input the IP address of router in address bar. The following
message should be shown:
Please input user name and password in the field respectively, default user name is
‘admin’, and default password is ‘admin’, then press ‘OK’ button, and you can see the
web management interface of this router:
12
NOTE: If you can’t see the web management interface, and you’re being
prompted to input user name and password again, it means you didn’t input
username and password correctly. Please retype user name and password
again. If you’re certain about the user name and password you type are
correct, please go to ‘4-2 Troubleshooting’ to perform a factory reset, to set
the password back to default value.
13
2-4 Setup Wizard
This router provides a quick setup procedure, which will help you to complete all required
settings you need to access the Internet in very short time. Please follow the following
instructions to complete the Setup Wizard:
Please click on Setup Wizard.
HERE!
And the following message will be displayed:
1. Set Time Zone
1
2
3
4
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
14
Set Time
Zone (1):
Time Server
Address (2):
Please press
button, a drop-down list
will be shown, and you can choose a time zone of the location you
live.
Input the IP address / host name of time server
here
Daylight
If the country you live uses daylight saving,
Savings(3):
please check ‘Enable Function’ box, and choose the duration of
daylight saving.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Next’ (4) button.
NOTE: There are several time servers available on internet:
129.6.15.28 (time-a.nist.gov)
132.163.4.101 (time-a.timefreq.bldrdoc.gov)
131.107.1.10 (time-nw.nist.gov)
If you found that the time of router is incorrect, try another time server.
2. Broadband Type
15
Please choose the broadband (Internet connection) type you’re using in this page. There
are seven types of Internet connection, they are:
3G/3.5G
Cable Modem
- Please go to section 2-4-1
- Please go to section 2-4-2
Fixed-IP xDSL
PPPoE xDSL
PPTP xDSL
L2TP xDSL
Telstra Big Pond
- Please go to section 2-4-3
- Please go to section 2-4-4
- Please go to section 2-4-5
- Please go to section 2-4-6
- Please go to section 2-4-7
If you’re not sure, please contact your Internet service provider. A wrong Internet
connection type will cause connection problem, and you will not be able to connect to
internet.
16
If you want to go back to previous step, please press ‘Back’ button on the bottom of this
page.
NOTE: Some service providers use ‘DHCP’ (Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol) to assign IP address to you. In this case, you
can choose ‘Cable Modem’ as Internet connection type, even you’re
using another connection type, like xDSL. Also, some cable modem
uses PPPoE, so you can choose ‘PPPoE xDSL’ for such cable modem
connection, even you’re using a cable modem.
3. Basic Setting
1
2
3
4
5
6
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Wireless Module (1): Display the Wireless Module: Enable (default).
Band (2):
Please select a Band type from the dropdown list of ‘Band’, It
allows you to set the AP fix at 802.11b or 802.11g or 802.11n
mode. You also can select B+G or B+G+N mode to allow the AP
select 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n connection automatically.
17
SSID (3):
This is the name of wireless router. You can type any
alphanumerical characters here, maximum 32 characters. SSID is
used to identify your own wireless router from others when there
are other wireless routers in the same area. Default SSID is
‘default’, it’s recommended to change default SSID name to the
one which is meaningful to you, like my home, office_room1, etc.
Channel Number (4): Please select a channel from the dropdown list of ‘Channel
Number’, available channel numbers are 1 to 13 for European
countries, 1 to 11 for USA. You can choose any channel number
you want to use, and almost all wireless clients can locate the
channel you’re using automatically without any problem. However,
it’s still useful to remember the channel number you use, some
wireless client supports manual channel number select, and this
would help in certain scenario when there is some radio
communication problem.
Associated Clients (5): Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button, then an “Active Wireless Client
Table” will pop up. You can see the status of all active wireless
stations that are connecting to the access point.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Next’ (6) button; if you want to go back to
previous menu, click ‘Back’.
4. Security Settings
Please choose the Encryption type you’re using from the dropdown list of “Encryption”.
18
There are three types of Encryption, they are:
WEP
- Please go to section 2-7-3-2
WPA pre-shared key - Please go to section 2-7-3-3
WPA RADIUS
- Please go to section 2-7-3-4
If you want to go back to previous step, please press ‘BACK’ button on the bottom of this
page.
2-4-1 Setup procedure for ‘3G/3.5G’:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
PIN Code (1):
Please input Pin Code for your UMTS or HSDPA or EVDO
connection, this is optional, and only required if your service
provider asks you to do so.
APN (2):
Please input the APN code assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
19
User Name (3):
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password (4):
Please input password assigned by your Internet service provider
here.
Verify Password (5): Please input password again for confirmation.
Service (6):
Please select your Card type from the drop-down menu.
AT Dial Script (7):
Please input Dialed Number for your UMTS or HSDPA connection,
the default is *99#. This field should not be altered except when
required by your service provider.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Next’ (8) button; if you want to go back to
previous menu, click ‘Back’.
2-4-2 Setup procedure for ‘Cable Modem’:
20
1
2
3
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Host Name (1):
Please input the host name of your computer, this is
optional, and only required if your service provider
asks you to do so.
MAC Address (2):
Please input MAC address of your computer here, if your service
provider only permits computer with certain MAC address to
access internet. If you’re using the computer which used to
connect to Internet via cable modem, you can simply press ‘Clone
Mac address’ button to fill the MAC address field with the MAC
address of your computer.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Next’ (3) button; if you want to go back to
previous menu, click ‘Back’.
21
2-4-3 Setup procedure for ‘Fixed-IP xDSL’:
1
2
3
4
5
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
IP address (1):
Please input IP address assigned by your service provider
Subnet Mask (2):
Please input subnet mask assigned by your service provider
DNS Address (3):
Please input the IP address of DNS server provided by your
service provider.
Default Gateway (4)
Please input the IP address of DNS server provided by your
service provider.
You must use the addresses provided by your Internet service
provider, wrong setting value will cause connection problem.
When you finish with all settings, press ‘Next’ (5); if you want to go back to previous
menu, click ‘Back’.
NOTE: You can choose this Internet connection method if your service
provider assigns a fixed IP address (also know
22 as static address) to you, and
not using DHCP or PPPoE protocol. Please contact your service provider for
further information.
2-4-4 Setup procedure for ‘PPPoE xDSL’:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User Name (1):
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password (2):
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Service Name (3):
Please give a name to this Internet service, this is optional
MTU (4):
Please input the MTU value of your network connection here. If
you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
Type (5):
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use (detailed explanation listed below).
Idle Time Out (6):
Please input idle time out, (detailed explanation listed below).
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘ONext’ (7); if you want to go back to
23
previous menu, click ‘Back’.
MTU - Please use default value if you don’t know what it is, or ask your
service provider for a proper value.
Connection Type - There are 3 options: ‘Continuous’ - keep internet
connection alive, do not disconnect, connect on Demand - only connects to
Internet when there’s a connect attempt, and ‘Manual’ - only connects to
Internet when ‘Connect’ button on this page is pressed, and disconnects
when ‘Disconnect button is pressed.
Idle Time Out: Specify the time to shutdown internet connect after no
internet activity is detected by minute. This option is only available when
connection type is ‘Connect on Demand’.
2-4-5 Setup procedure for ‘PPTP xDSL’:
PPTP xDSL requires two kinds of setting: WAN interface setting (setup IP address) and
PPTP setting (PPTP user name and password). Here we start from WAN interface
setting:
Select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service provider here. You can
choose ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ (equal to DHCP, please refer to ‘Cable
Modem’ section above), or ‘Use the following IP address’ (i.e. static IP address).
24
WAN interface settings must be correctly set, or the Internet connection will fail even
those settings of PPTP settings are correct. Please contact your Internet service provider
if you don’t know what you should fill in these fields.
Now please go to PPTP settings section:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User Name (1):
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password (2):
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
PPTP
Gateway (3):
Please input the IP address of PPTP gateway
assigned by your Internet service provider here.
Connection
ID (4):
Please input the connection ID here, this is
optional and you can leave it blank.
MTU (5):
Please input the MTU value of your network connection here. If
you don’t know, you can use default value.
BEZEQ-ISRAEL (6): Setting item ‘BEZEQ-ISRAEL’ is only required to
25
Check if you’re using the service provided by BEZEQ network in
Israel.
Connection Type (7): Please select the connection type of Internet connection you wish
to use, please refer to last section for detailed descriptions.
Idle Time Out (8):
Please input the idle time out of Internet connection you wish to
use, and refer to last section for detailed descriptions.
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘Next (9); if you want to go back to previous
menu, click ‘Back’.
2-4-6 Setup procedure for ‘L2TP xDSL’:
L2TP is another popular connection method for xDSL and other Internet connection
types, and all required setting items are the same with PPTP connection.
Like PPTP, there are two kinds of required setting, we’ll start from ‘WAN Interface
Settings’:
Please select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service provider here. You
can choose ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ (equal to DHCP, please refer to ‘Cable
Modem’ section above), or ‘Use the following IP address’ (equal to static IP address,
please refer to ‘PPPoE xDSL’ section above).
WAN interface settings must be correctly set, or the Internet connection will fail even
26
those settings of PPTP settings are correct. Please contact your Internet service provider
if you don’t know what you should fill in these fields.
Now please go to L2TP settings section:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User Name (1):
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password (2):
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
L2TP Gateway (3):
Please input the IP address of PPTP gateway assigned by your
Internet service provider here.
MTU (4):
Please input the MTU value of your network connection here. If
you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
type (5):
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use, please refer to last section for
detailed descriptions.
Idle Time Out (6):
Please input the idle time out of Internet connection you wish to
use, and refer to last section for detailed descriptions.
27
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘Next (7); if you want to go back to previous
menu, click ‘Back’.
2-4-7 Setup procedure for ‘Telstra Big Pond’:
1
2
3
4
5
This setting only works when you’re using Telstra big pond’s network service in Australia.
You need to input:
User Name (1):
Please input the user name assigned by Telstra.
Password (2):
Please input the password assigned by Telstra.
Assign login
Check this box to choose login server by yourself.
server manually (3):
Server
IP Address (4):
Please input the IP address of login server here.
When you finish with all settings, click ‘Next (5); if you want to go back to previous menu,
click ‘Back’.
28
When all settings are finished, you’ll see the following message displayed on your web
browser:
Please click ‘Apply’ button to prepare to restart the router, and you’ll see this message:
Please wait for about 30 seconds, then click ‘OK!’ button. You’ll be back to router
management interface again, and the router is ready with new settings.
29
2-5 Basic Setup
In this chapter, you’ll know how to change the time zone, password, and remote
management settings. Please start your web browser and log onto router web
management interface, then click ‘General Setup’ button on the left, or click ‘General
Setup’ link at the upper-right corner of web management interface.
2-5-1 Time zone and time auto-synchronization
Please follow the following instructions to set time zone and time auto-synchronization
parameters:
Please click ‘System’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘Time
Zone’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Time Zone (1):
Please select time zone at ‘Time zone’ drop-down list.
Time Server
Address (2):
Please input the IP address or host name of time
server here.
Daylight
Savings (3):
Please check ‘Enable’ Function box, and set the
duration of daylight setting.
When you finish, click ‘Apply’. You’ll see the following message displayed on web
browser:
30
Press ‘Continue’ to save the settings made and back to web management interface;
press ‘Apply’ to save the settings made and restart the router so the settings will take
effect after it reboots.
NOTE: You can refer to the instructions given in last chapter: ‘Using Quick
Setup’, for detailed descriptions on time zone settings.
2-5-2 Change management password
Default password of this router is 1234, and it’s displayed on the login prompt when
accessed from web browser. There’s a security risk if you don’t change the default
password, since everyone can see it. This is very important when you have wireless
function enabled.
To change password, please follow the following instructions:
Please click ‘System’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click
‘Password Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
31
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Current
Password (1):
Please input current password here.
New Password (2):
Please input new password here.
Confirmed
Please input new password here again.
Password (3):
When you finish, click ‘Apply’. If you want to keep original password unchanged, click
‘Cancel’.
If the password you typed in ‘New Password’ (2) and ‘Confirmed Password’ (3) field are
not the same, you’ll see the following message:
Please retype the new password again when you see above message.
If you see the following message:
It means the content in ‘Current Password’ field is wrong, please click ‘OK’ to go back to
previous menu, and try to input current password again.
If the current and new passwords are correctly entered, after you click ‘Apply’, you’ll be
32
prompted to input your new password:
Please use new password to enter web management interface again, and you should be
able to login with new password.
2-5-3 Remote Management
This router does not allow management access from Internet, to prevent possible
security risks (especially when you defined a weak password, or didn’t change default
password). However, you can still management this router from a specific IP address by
enabling the ‘Remote Management’ Function.
To do so, please follow the following instructions:
Please click ‘System’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘Remote
Management’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
33
3
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Host Address (1):
Input the IP address of the remote host you wish to initiate a
management access.
Port (2):
You can define the port number this router should expect an
incoming request. If you’re providing a web service (default port
number is 80), you should try to use other port number. You can
use the default port setting ‘8080’, or something like ‘32245’ or
‘1429’. (Any integer between 1 and 65534)
Enabled (3):
Select the field to start the configuration.
When you finish with all settings, click ‘Apply’, and you’ll see the following message
displayed on web browser:
Press ‘Continue’ to save the settings made and back to web management interface;
press ‘Apply’ to save the settings made and restart the router so the settings will take
effect after it reboots.
NOTE: When you want to manage this router from another computer on
internet, you have to input the IP address and port number of this router. If
your Internet service provider assigns you with a static IP address, it will not
be a problem; but if the IP address your service provider assigns to you will
vary every time you establish an internet connection, this will be a problem.
Please either ask your service provider to give you a static IP address, or
use dynamic IP to host name mapping services like DDNS. Please refer to
chapter 2-5-8 ‘DDNS client’ for details.
34
NOTE: Default port number the web browser will use is ‘80’. If the ‘Port’
setting in this page is not ‘80’, you have to assign the port number in the
address bar of web browser manually. For example, if the IP address of this
router is 1.2.3.4, and the port number you set is 8888, you have to input
following address in the address bar of web browser:
http://1.2.3.4:8888
2-6 Setup Internet Connection (WAN Setup)
Internet connections setup can be done by using ‘Quick Setup’ menu described in
chapter 2-3. However, you can setup WAN connections up by using WAN configuration
menu. You can also set advanced functions like DDNS (Dynamic DNS) here.
To start configuration, please follow the following instructions:
Please click ‘WAN’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please select an Internet connection method depend on the type of connection you’re
using. You can either click the connection method on the left (1) or right (2). If you select
the connection method on the right, please click ‘More Configuration’ button after a
method is selected.
35
1
2
3G/3.5G
- Please go to section 2-6-1
Dynamic IP
Static IP
PPPoE
- Please go to section 2-6-2
- Please go to section 2-6-3
- Please go to section 2-6-4
PPTP
L2TP
Telstra Big Pond
DNS
- Please go to section 2-6-5
- Please go to section 2-6-6
- Please go to section 2-6-7
- Please go to section 2-6-8
DDNS
- Please go to section 2-6-9
2-6-1 Setup procedure for ‘3G/3.5G’:
36
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
PIN Code (1):
Please input Pin Code for your UMTS or HSDPA connection, this
is optional, and only required if your service provider asks you to
do so.
APN (2):
Please input the access point name.
User Name (3):
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password (4):
Please input password assigned by your Internet service provider
here.
Verify Password (5): Please input password again for confirmation.
Service (6):
Please select your Card type from the drop-down menu.
AT Dial Script (7):
Please input Dialed Number for your UMTS or HSDPA connection,
the default is *99#. This field should not be altered except when
37
required by your service provider.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (8) button; if you want to remove and
value you entered, please click ‘Cancel’.
After you click ‘Apply’, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on router setup, or
click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
2-6-2 Setup procedure for ‘Dynamic IP’:
1
2
3
38
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Host Name (1):
Please input host name of your computer, this is optional, and
only required if your service provider asks you to do so.
MAC Address (2):
Please input MAC address of your computer, if your service
provider only permits computer with certain MAC address to
access internet. If you’re using the computer which used to
connect to Internet via cable modem, you can simply press ‘Clone
Mac address’ button to fill the MAC address field with the MAC
address of your computer,
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (3); if you want to remove and value
you entered, please click ‘Cancel’.
After you click ‘Apply’, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on router setup, or
click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
2-6-3 Setup procedure for ‘Static IP’:
39
1
2
3
4
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
IP address (1):
Please input IP address assigned by your service provider.
Subnet Mask (2):
Please input subnet mask assigned by your service provider
Gateway Address (3):
Please input the IP address of DNS server provided by your
service provider.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (4) button and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
40
‘Cancel’ button.
2-6-4 Setup procedure for ‘PPPoE’:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User Name (1):
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password (2):
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
Service Name (3):
provider here.
Please give a name to this Internet service, this is optional
MTU (4):
Please input the MTU value of your network connection here. If
you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
Type (5):
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use.
Continuous – The connection will be kept always on. If the
41
connection is interrupted, the router will re-connect
automatically.
Connect On-Demand – Only connect when you want to
surf the Internet. “Idle Time Out” is set to stop the
connection when the network traffic is not sending or
receiving after an idle time.
Manual – After you have selected this option, you will see
the “Connect” button and “Disconnect” button, click
“’Connect” and the router will connect to the ISP. If you
want to stop the connection, please click “Disconnect”
button.
Idle Time Out (6):
If you have selected the connection type to
“Connect-On-Demand”, please input the idle time out.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (7) button and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
42
2-6-5 Setup procedure for ‘PPTP’:
PPTP requires two kinds of setting: WAN interface setting (setup IP address) and PPTP
setting (PPTP user name and password). Here we start from WAN interface setting:
Select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service provider here. You can
choose ‘Obtain an IP address Automatically’ (equal to DHCP, please refer to ‘Cable
Modem’ section above), or ‘Use The Following IP Address’ (i.e. static IP address)
WAN interface settings must be correctly set, or the Internet connection will fail even
those settings of PPTP settings are correct. Please contact your Internet service provider
if you don’t know what you should fill in these fields.
Now please go to PPTP settings section:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
43
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User Name (1):
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password (2):
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
PPTP Gateway (3):
Please input the IP address of PPTP gateway assigned by your
Internet service provider here.
Connection ID (4):
Please input the connection ID here, this is optional and you can
leave it blank.
MTU (5):
Please input the MTU value of your network connection here. If
you don’t know, you can use default value.
BEZEQ-ISRAEL (6): If you are connecting to the BEZEQ network in Israel. Please
enable this function.
Connection
Type (7):
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use, please refer to section 2-5-3 for
detailed descriptions.
Idle Time Out (8):
Please input the idle time out of Internet connection you wish to
use, and refer to section 2-5-3 for detailed descriptions.
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (9); and the following message will
be displayed on your web browser:
44
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
2-6-6 Setup procedure for ‘L2TP’:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
User Name (1):
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password (2):
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
45
L2TP Gateway (3):
Please input the IP address of PPTP gateway assigned by your
Internet service provider here.
MTU (4):
Please input the MTU value of your network connection here. If
you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection
type (5):
Please select the connection type of Internet
connection you wish to use, please refer to last section for
detailed descriptions.
Idle Time Out (6):
Please input the idle time out of Internet connection
you wish to
use, and refer to last section for detailed descriptions.
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (7); and the following message will
be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
2-6-7 Setup procedure for ‘Telstra Big Pond’:
46
1
2
3
4
5
This setting only works when you’re using Telstra big pond’s network service in Australia.
You need to input:
User Name (1):
Please input the user name assigned by Telstra.
Password (2):
Please input the password assigned by Telstra.
Assign login
Check this box to choose login server by yourself.
server manually (3):
Server IP Address(4):Please input the IP address of login server here.
When you finish with all settings, click ‘Apply’ (5); and the following message will be
displayed on your web browser:
47
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
2-6-8 Setup procedure for ‘DNS’:
If you select ‘Dynamic IP’ or ‘PPPoE’ as Internet connection method, at least one DNS
server’s IP address should be assigned automatically. However, if you have preferred
DNS server, or your service provider didn’t assign the IP address of DNS server because
of any reason, you can input the IP address of DNS server here.
1
2
3
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Primary DNS (1):
Please input the IP address of DNS server provided by your
48
service provider.
Secondary DNS (2):
Please input the IP address of another DNS server provided by
your service provider, this is optional.
NOTE: Only IP address can be entered here; DO NOT use the hostname of
DNS server! (i.e. only numeric characters and dots are accepted)
10.20.30.40……………………………………………………………… Correct
dns.serviceprovider.com…………………………………………... Incorrect
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (3) button and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
2-6-9 Setup procedure for ‘DDNS’:
49
DDNS (Dynamic DNS) is an IP-to-Hostname mapping service for those Internet users
who don’t have a static (fixed) IP address. It will be a problem when such user wants to
provide services to other users on Internet, because their IP address will vary every time
when connected to Internet, and other user will not be able to know the IP address
they’re using at a certain time.
This router supports DDNS service of several service providers, for example:
DynDNS (http://www.dyndns.org)
TZO (http://www.tzo.com)
Please go to one of DDNS service provider’s webpage listed above, and get a free
DDNS account by the instructions given on their webpage.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Dynamic DNS (1):
If you want to enable DDNS function, please select ‘Enabled’;
otherwise please select ‘Disabled’.
Provider (2):
Select your DDNS service provider here.
Domain Name (3):
Input the domain name you’ve obtained from DDNS service
provider.
50
Account /
E-Mail (4):
Input account or email of DDNS registration.
Password / Key (5):
Input DDNS service password or key.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (6) button and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
51
2-7 Wired LAN Configurations
Before all computers using wired Ethernet connection (i.e. those computers connect to
this router’s LAN port 1 to 4 by Ethernet cable) can communicate with each other and
access internet, they must have a valid IP address.
There are two ways to assign IP addresses to computers: static IP address (set the IP
address for every computer manually), and dynamic IP address (IP address of
computers will be assigned by router automatically. It’s recommended for most of
computers to use dynamic IP address, it will save a lot of time on setting IP addresses for
every computer, especially when there are a lot of computers in your network; for servers
and network devices which will provide services to other computer and users that come
from Internet, static IP address should be used, so other computes can locate the server.
Suggestions on IP address numbering plan:
If you have no idea on how to define an IP address plan for your
network, here are some suggestions.
1. A valid IP address has 4 fields: a.b.c.d, for most of home and
company users, it’s suggested to use 192.168.c.d, where c is an
integer between 0 and 254, and d is an integer between 1 and 254.
This router is capable to work with up to 253 clients, so you can set
‘d’ field of IP address of router as 1 or 254 (or any number between 1
and 254), and pick a number between 0 and 254 for field ‘c’.
2. In most cases, you should use ‘255.255.255.0’ as subnet mask,
which allows up to 253 clients (this also meets router’s capability of
working with up to 253 clients).
3. For all servers and network devices which will provide services to
other people (like Internet service, print service, and file service),
they should use static IP address. Give each of them a unique
number between 1 and 253, and maintain a list, so everyone can
locate those servers easily.
4. For computers which are not dedicated to provide specific service
to others, they should use dynamic IP address.
If you don’t really understand the descriptions listed above, don’t
worry! We will provide recommended setup values below.
52
Please follow the following instructions to set wired LAN parameters:
Please click ‘LAN’ menu on the left of web management interface, there are three setup
groups here: ‘LAN IP’, ‘DHCP Server’, and ‘Static DHCP Leases Table’. Here are setup
instructions for each of them:
2-7-1 LAN IP section:
1
2
3
4
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
IP address (1):
Please input the IP address of this router.
Subnet Mask (2):
Please input subnet mask for this network.
802.1d
Spanning Tree (3):
If you wish to activate 802.1d spanning tree
function, select ‘Enabled’ for setup item ‘802.1d Spanning Tree’,
or set it to ‘Disabled’
DHCP Server (4):
If you want to activate DHCP server function of this router, select
‘Enabled’, or set it to ‘Disabled’.
Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:
IP Address: 192.168.2.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
802.1d Spanning Tree: Disabled
DHCP Server: Enabled
53
2-7-2 DHCP Server:
1
2
3
4
These settings are only available when ‘DHCP Server’ in ‘LAN IP’ section is ‘Enabled’,
and here are descriptions of every setup items:
Lease Time (1):
Start IP (2):
Please choose a lease time (the duration that every computer can
keep a specific IP address) of every IP address assigned by this
router from dropdown menu.
Please input the start IP address of the IP range.
End IP (3):
Please input the end IP address of the IP range.
Domain Name (4):
If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain name for
your network. This is optional.
Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:
Lease Time: Two Weeks (or ‘Forever’, if you have less than 20 computers)
Start IP: 192.168.2.100
End IP: 192.168.2.200
Domain Name: (leave it blank)
54
NOTE:
1. The number of the last field (mentioned ‘d’ field) of ‘End IP’ must be greater
than ‘Start IP’, and can not the same with router’s IP address.
2. The former three fields of IP address of ‘Start IP’, ‘End IP’, and ‘IP Address
of ‘LAN IP’ section (mentioned ‘a’, ‘b’, and ‘c’ field) should be the same.
3. These settings will affect wireless clients too.
2-7-3 Static DHCP Leases Table:
This function allows you to assign a static IP address to a specific computer forever,
so you don’t have to set the IP address for a computer, and still enjoy the benefit of
using DHCP server. Maximum 16 static IP addresses can be assigned here.
(If you set ‘Lease Time’ to ‘forever’ in ‘DHCP Server’ section, you can also assign an
IP address to a specific computer permanently, however, you will not be able to assign
a certain IP address to a specific computer, since IP addresses will be assigned in
random order by this way).
1
2
3
4
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable Static
DHCP Leases (1):
Check this box to enable this function,
otherwise uncheck it to disable this function.
MAC Address (2):
Input the MAC address of the computer or network device (total
12 characters, with character from 0 to 9, and from a to f, like
‘001122aabbcc’)
55
IP address (3):
Input the IP address you want to assign to this computer or
network device
Add (4):
After you inputted MAC address and IP address pair, click this
button to add the pair to static DHCP leases table.
If you want to remove all characters you just entered, click ‘Clear’.
After you clicked ‘Add’, the MAC address and IP address mapping will be added to
‘Static DHCP Leases Table’ section.
1
2
3
If you want to delete a specific item, please check the ‘Select’ box of a MAC address
and IP address mapping (1), then click ‘Delete ’ button (2); if you want to delete all
mappings, click ‘Delete All’ (3).
After you finish all LAN settings, please click ‘Apply’ button on the bottom of this page.
After you click ‘Apply’, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on router setup, or
click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
56
seconds while router is rebooting).
57
2-8 Wireless LAN Configurations
If your computer, PDA, game console, or other network devices which is equipped
with wireless network interface, you can use the wireless function of this router to let
them connect to Internet and share resources with other computers with wired-LAN
connection. You can also use the built-in security functions to protect your network
from being intruded by malicious intruders.
Please follow the following instructions to set wireless parameters:
Please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser. You must enable wireless function of
this router, or the wireless interface of this router will not function. Please select ‘Enable’
(1), then click ‘Apply’ (2) button.
If you’re coming here because you want to disable wireless function, please select
‘Disable’ (3), then click ‘Apply’ (2) button.
1
3
2
After you click ‘Apply’, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
2-8-1 Basic Wireless Settings
Please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘Basic
Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
4
5
Here are descriptions of ‘Band’ setup items:
BAND (1):
Please select the radio band you want to use from ‘Band’
dropdown menu , and the following message will be displayed:
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2.4 GHz (B)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b wireless network
client to connect this router (maximum transfer rate
11Mbps).
2.4 GHz (N)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11n wireless network
client to connect this router (maximum transfer rate
150Mbps).
2.4 GHz (B+G)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b and 802.11g wireless
network client to connect this router (maximum transfer
rate 11Mbps for 802.11b clients, and maximum 54Mbps
for 802.11g clients).
2.4 GHz (G)
2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11g wireless network
client to connect this router (maximum transfer rate
54Mbps).
2.4 GHz (B+G+N)
2.4GHz band, allows 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n
wireless network client to connect this router (maximum
transfer rate 11Mbps for 802.11b clients, maximum
54Mbps for 802.11g clients, and maximum 150Mbps for
802.11n clients).
SSID (2):
This is the name of wireless router. You can type any
alphanumerical characters here, maximum 32 characters. ESSID
is used to identify your own wireless router from others when
there are other wireless routers in the same area. Default SSID is
‘default’, it’s recommended to change default ESSID name to the
one which is meaningful to you, like myhome, office_room1, etc.
Channel Number (3): Please select a channel from the dropdown list of ‘Channel
Number’, available channel numbers are 1 to 13 for European
countries, 1 to 11 for USA. You can choose any channel number
you want to use, and almost all wireless clients can locate the
channel you’re using automatically without any problem. However,
it’s still useful to remember the channel number you use, some
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wireless client supports manual channel number select, and this
would help in certain scenario when there is some radio
communication problem.
Associated Clients (4): Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button, then an “Active Wireless Client
Table” will pop up. You can see the status of all active wireless
stations that are connecting to the access point.
NOTE: If you don’t have special reason to limit the type of allowed wireless
client, it’s recommended to choose ‘2.4 GHz (B+G+N) to maximize wireless
client compatibility.
TIPS: You can try to change channel number to another one if you think the
data transfer rate is too slow. There could be some other wireless routers
using the same channel, which will disturb the radio communication
between wireless client and the wireless router.
After you finish the wireless setting, please click ‘Apply’ button, after you click ‘Apply’, the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on router setup, or
click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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2-8-2 Advanced Wireless Settings
This router provides some advanced control of wireless parameters, if you want to
configure these settings, please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web management
interface, then click ‘Advanced Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on
your web browser:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Fragment
Set the Fragment threshold of wireless radio.
Threshold (1):
Do not modify default value if you don’t know what it is,
default value is 2346.
RTS Threshold (2):
Set the RTS threshold of wireless radio. Do not modify default
value if you don’t know what it is, default value is 2347.
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Beacon Interval (3):
Set the beacon interval of wireless radio. Do not modify default
value if you don’t know what it is, default value is 100.
DTIM Period (4):
Set the DTIM period of wireless radio. Do not modify default
value if you don’t know what it is, default value is 3.
Data Rate (5):
Set the wireless data transfer rate to a certain value. Since most
of wireless devices will negotiate with each other and pick a
proper data transfer rate automatically, it’s not necessary to
change this value unless you know what will happen after
modification.
N Data Rate (6):
Same as above, but only for 802.11n clients.
Channel Width (7):
Set channel width of wireless radio. Do not modify default value
if you don’t know what it is, default setting is ‘Auto 20/40
MHz’.
Preamble Type (8):
Set the type of preamble, do not modify default value if you
don’t know what it is, default setting is ‘Short Preamble’.
Broadcast ESSID (9): Decide if the wireless router will broadcast its own ESSID or not.
You can hide the ESSID of your wireless router (set the option to
‘Disable’), so only people those who know the ESSID of your
wireless router can get connected.
CTS Protect (10):
Enabling this setting will reduce the chance of radio signal
collisions between 802.11b and 802.11g/n wireless access points.
It’s recommended to set this option to ‘Auto’ or ‘Always’. However,
if you set to ‘None’, your wireless router should be able to work
fine, too.
Tx Power (11):
You can set the output power of wireless radio. Unless you’re
using this wireless router in a really big space, you may not have
to set output power to 100%. This will enhance security
(malicious / unknown users in distance will not be able to
63
reach your wireless router).
WMM (12):
The short of Wi-Fi MultiMedia, it will enhance the data transfer
performance of multimedia contents when they’re being
transferred over wireless network. If you don’t know what it is /
not sure if you need it, it’s safe to set this option to ‘Enable’,
however, default value is ‘Disable’.
After you finish these wireless settings, please click ‘Apply’ (13)button, and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on router setup, or
click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
2-8-3 Wireless Security
It’s very important to set wireless security settings properly! If you don’t, hackers
and malicious users can reach your network and valuable data without your consent and
this will cause serious security problem.
To set wireless security settings, Please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web
management interface, then click ‘Security Settings’, then follow the following
instructions to set wireless security settings:
Please select an encryption method from ‘Encryption’ dropdown menu, there are four
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options:
2-8-3-1 Disable wireless security
When you select this mode, data encryption is disabled, and every wireless device in
proximity will be able to connect your wireless router if no other security measure is
enabled (like MAC address access control - see section 2-7-4, or disable ESSID
broadcast).
Only use this option when you really want to allow everyone to use your wireless
router, and you don’t care if there’s someone reads the data you transfer over
network without your consent.
2-8-3-2 WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy
When you select this mode, the wireless router will use WEP encryption, and the
following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Key Length (2):
There are two types of WEP key length: 64-bit and 128-bit. Using
‘128-bit’ is safer than ’64-bit’, but will reduce some data transfer
65
performance.
Key Format (3):
There are two types of key format: ASCII and Hex. When you
select a key format, the number of characters of key will be
displayed. For example, if you select ’64-bit’ as key length, and
‘Hex’ as key format, you’ll see the message at the right of ‘Key
Format’ is ‘Hex (10 characters), which means the length of WEP
key is 10 characters.
Default Tx Key (4):
You can set up to four sets of WEP key, and you can decide which
key is being used by default here. If you don’t know which one
you should use, select ‘Key 1’.
Encryption Key
1 to 4 (5-8):
Input WEP key characters here, the number of
characters must be the same as the number displayed at ‘Key
Format’ field. You can use any alphanumerical characters (0-9,
a-z, and A-Z) if you select ‘ASCII’ key format, and if you select
‘Hex’ as key format, you can use characters 0-9, a-f, and A-F. You
must enter at least one encryption key here, and if you entered
multiple WEP keys, they should not be same with each other.
Enable 802.1x
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every
Authentication (9): user must use a valid account to login to this wireless router before
accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is processed by a
RADIUS server. This mode only authenticates user by IEEE
802.1x, but it does not encryption the data during communication.
If there is a RADIUS server in you environment, please enable
this function. Check this box and another sub-menu will appear:
11
12
13
RADIUS Server
IP Address (11):
Please input the IP address of radius
server here
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RADIUS Server
Port (12):
Please input the port number of radius
server here.
RADIUS Server
Password (13):
Please input the port number of radius
password here.
TIPS: Some examples of WEP key
(Don’t use those examples; use the one of your own!):
ASCII (5 characters): pilot
phone 23561 2Hyux #@xmL
ASCII (13 characters): digitalFAMILY 82Jh26xHy3m&n
Hex (10 characters): 287d2aa732
1152dabc85
Hex (26 characters): 9284bcda8427c9e036f7abcd84
To improve security level, do not use those words which can be found
in a dictionary or too easy to remember! (‘pilot’ and ‘phone’ listed
above are bad examples; just intended to show you how a WEP key
look like). Wireless clients will remember the WEP key, so you only
have
to finish
inputWEP
the WEP
keyplease
on wireless
clientbutton
once,(10)
andand
it’s the
worth
to
After
you
setting,
click ‘Apply’
following
message
use
complicated
WEP
key
to
improve
security
level.
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
2-8-3-3 Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA):
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When you select this mode, the wireless router will use WPA encryption, and the
following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:
1
2
3
4
5
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
WPA Unicast
Cipher Suite (2):
Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.
Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES), and WPA2
Mixed. You can select one of them, but you have to make sure
your wireless client support the cipher you selected.
Pre-shared
Key Format (3):
Select the type of pre-shared key, you
can select Passphrase (8 or more alphanumerical characters, up
to 63), or Hex (64 characters of 0-9, and a-f).
Pre-shared
Please input the WPA passphrase here.
Key (4):
It’s not recommended to use a word that can be found in a
dictionary due to security reason.
After you finish WPA Pre-shared key setting, please click ‘Apply’ button (5) and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
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procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
NOTE: Some wireless clients (especially those manufactured before
year 2003) only support WEP or WPA (TKIP) cipher. A driver upgrade
would be needed for those clients to use WPA and WPA2 encryption.
2-8-3-4 WPA RADIUS:
If you have a RADIUS server, this router can work with it and provide safer wireless
authentication.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
WPA Unicast
Cipher Suite (2):
Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.
Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES), and WPA2
Mixed. You can select one of them, but you have to make sure
your wireless client support the cipher you selected.
RADIUS Server
Please input the IP address of your
IP address (3):
Radius authentication server here.
RADIUS Server
Please input the port number of your
Port (4):
Radius authentication server here. Default setting is 1812.
RADIUS Server
Password (5):
Please input the password of your Radius
authentication server here.
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After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (6) button and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
2-8-4 Wireless Access Control
This function will help you to prevent unauthorized users from connecting to your
wireless router; only those wireless devices who have the MAC address you assigned
here can gain access to your wireless router. You can use this function with other
security measures described in previous section, to create a safer wireless environment.
Up to 20 MAC addresses can be assigned by using this function. Please click ‘Wireless’
menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘Access Control’, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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1
3
2
4
5
6
7
8
9
All allowed MAC addresses will be displayed in ‘MAC Address Filtering Table’ (1).
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Delete (2):
If you want to delete a specific MAC address entry, check the
‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to delete, then click
‘Delete’ button. (You can select more than one MAC addresses).
Delete All (3):
If you want to delete all MAC addresses listed here, please click
‘Delete All’ button.
Enable Wireless
To enforce MAC address filtering,
Access Control (4):
you have to check ‘Enable Wireless Access Control’. When this
item is unchecked, wireless router will not enforce MAC address
filtering of wireless clients.
MAC Address (5):
Input the MAC address of your wireless devices here, dash ( - ) or
colon ( : ) are not required. (i.e. If the MAC address label of your
wireless device indicates ‘aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff’ or ‘aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff’,
just input ‘aabbccddeeff’.
Comment (6):
You can input any text here as the comment of this
MAC address, like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’ or
You can input up to 16 alphanumerical
characters here. This is optional and you can leave
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anything.
it blank, however, it’s recommended to use this field
to write a comment for every MAC addresses as a
memory aid.
Add (7):
Click ‘Add’ button to add the MAC address and associated
comment to the MAC address filtering table.
Clear (8):
Click ‘Clear’ to remove the value you inputted in MAC address
and comment field.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (9) button and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
2-8-5 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the simplest way to build connection between wireless
network clients and this wireless router. You don’t have to select encryption mode and
input a long encryption passphrase every time when you need to setup a wireless client,
you only have to press a button on wireless client and this wireless router, and the WPS
will do the rest for you.
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This wireless router supports two types of WPS: Push-Button Configuration (PBC), and
PIN code. If you want to use PBC, you have to push a specific button on the wireless
client to start WPS mode, and switch this wireless router to WPS mode too. You can
push Reset/WPS button of this wireless router, or click ‘Start PBC’ button in the web
configuration interface to do this; if you want to use PIN code, you have to know the PIN
code of wireless client and switch it to WPS mode, then provide the PIN code of the
wireless client you wish to connect to this wireless router. The detailed instructions are
listed follow:
Please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘WPS’,
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
4
5
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable WPS (1):
Check this box to enable WPS function, uncheck it to disable
WPS.
Wi-Fi Protected
WPS-related system information will be displayed
Setup Information here:
(2):
WPS Status: If the wireless security (encryption) function of this
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wireless router is properly set, you’ll see ‘Configured’ message
here. If wireless security function has not been set, you’ll see
‘unConfigured’.
Self PIN code: This is the WPS PIN code of this wireless router.
This code is useful when you need to
build wireless
connection by WPS with other WPS-enabled wireless devices.
SSID: The SSID of this wireless router will be displayed here.
Authentication Mode: The wireless security authentication mode
of this wireless router will be displayed here. If you don’t enable
security function of the wireless router before WPS is activated,
the router will auto set the security to WPA (AES) and generate a
set of passphrase key for WPS connection.
Passphrase Key: The wireless security key of the router will be
displayed here.
Config Mode (3):
There are ‘Registrar’ and ‘Enrollee’ modes for the WPS
connection. When ‘Registrar’ is enabled, the wireless clients will
follow the router’s wireless settings for WPS connection. When
‘Enrolle’ mode is enabled, the router will follow the wireless
settings of wireless client for WPS connection.
Configure
by Push Button (4):
Click ‘Start PBC’ to start Push-Button style WPS
setup procedure. This wireless router will wait for WPS requests
from wireless clients for 2 minutes. The ‘WLAN’ LED on the
wireless router will be steady on for 2 minutes when this wireless
router is waiting for incoming WPS request.
Configure
by Client
PinCode (5):
Please input the PIN code of the wireless client you
wish to connect, and click ‘Start PIN’ button.
The ‘WLAN’ LED on the wireless router will be steady on when
this wireless router is waiting for incoming WPS request.
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2-8-6 Security Tips for Wireless Network
Here are some quick tips to help you improve the security level of your wireless network:
1. Never use simple words (like school, apple and computer) as WEP encryption or
WPA passphrase.
2. A complicated (the combination of number, alphabet, even symbol, and long enough)
WEP key and WPA passphrase is much safer than simple and short ones.
Remember that the wireless client is capable to keep the key or passphrase for you,
so you only have to input the complicated key or passphrase once. It’s not too trouble
but will greatly improve security level.
3. You can hide the ESSID of this router by set ‘Broadcast ESSID’ option to ‘Disable’.
Your wireless router will not be found by other people in proximity if they’re just using
the AP scanning function of their wireless client, and this can reduce the chance of
being intruded.
4. Use ‘Access Control’ function described in section 2-7-4, so those people who are not
in your list will not be able to connect to your network.
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Chapter 3 Advanced Functions
3-1 Quality of Service (QoS)
Quality of service provides an efficient way for computers on the network to share the
internet bandwidth with a promised quality of internet service. Without QoS, all
computers and devices on the network will compete with each other to get internet
bandwidth, and some applications which require guaranteed bandwidth (like video
streaming and network telephone) will be affected, therefore an unpleasing result will
occur, like the interruption of video / audio transfer.
With this function, you can limit the maximum bandwidth or give a guaranteed bandwidth
for a specific computer, to avoid said unpleasing result from happening.
3-1-1 Basic QoS Settings
Please follow the following instructions to set QoS parameters:
Please click ‘Qos’ menu on the left of web management interface and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
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Here are descriptions of every setting:
Enable QoS (1):
Check this box to enable QoS function, unselect this box if you
don’t want to enforce QoS bandwidth limitations.
Total Download
Bandwidth (2):
You can set the limit of total download
bandwidth in kbits. To disable download bandwidth limitation,
input ‘0’ here.
Total Upload
You can set the limit of total upload
Bandwidth (3):
bandwidth in kbits. To disable upload bandwidth limitation, input
‘0’ here.
Current QoS
All existing QoS rules will be displayed here.
Table (4):
Add (5):
Click ‘add’ button to add a new QoS rule, see section 3-1-2 ‘Add a
new QoS rule’ below.
Edit (6):
If you want to modify the content of a specific rule, please check
the ‘select’ box of the rule you want to edit, then click ‘Edit’ button.
Only one rule should be selected a time! If you didn’t select a
rule before clicking ‘Edit’ button, you’ll be prompted to add a new
rule.
Delete
Selected (7):
You can delete selected rules by clicking this
button. You can select one or more rules to delete by check the
‘select’ the box of the rule(s) you want to delete a time. If the QoS
table is empty, this button will be grayed out and can not be
clicked.
Delete All (8):
By clicking this button, you can delete all rules currently in the
QoS table. If the QoS table is empty, this button will be grayed
out and can not be clicked.
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Move Up (9):
You can pull up the priority of the QoS rule you selected by
clicking this button.
Move Down (10):
You can lower the priority of the QoS rule you selected by clicking
this button.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (11) button and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
3-1-2 Add a new QoS rule
After you click ‘Add’ button in QoS menu, the following message will appear:
78
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Rule Name (a):
Please give a name to this QoS rule (up to 15 alphanumerical
characters)
Bandwidth (b):
Set the bandwidth limitation of this QoS rule. You have to select
the data direction of this rule (Upload of Download), and the
speed of bandwidth limitation in Kbps, then select the type of QoS:
‘guarantee’ (guaranteed usable bandwidth for this rule) or ‘max’
(set the maximum bandwidth for the application allowed by this
rule).
Local IP
Address (c):
Specify the local (source) IP address
that will be affected by this rule. Please input the
starting IP address in the left field, and input the end IP address in
the right field to define a range of IP addresses, or just input the IP
address in the left field to define a single IP address.
Local Port
Range (d):
Please input the range of local (source)
port number that will be affected by this rule. If you want to apply
this rule on port 80 to 90, please input ’80-90’; if you want to apply
this rule on a single port, just input the port number, like ‘80’.
Remote IP
Specify the remote (destination) IP address
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Address: (e):
that will be affected by this rule. Please input the starting IP
address in the left field, and input the end IP address in the right
field to define a range of IP addresses, or just input the IP address
in the left field to define a single IP address.
Remote Port
Range (f):
Please input the range of remote (destination)
port number that will be affected by this rule. If you want to apply
this rule on port 80 to 90, please input ’80-90’; if you want to apply
this rule on a single port, just input the port number, like ‘80’. If the
remote (destination) IP address and /or port number is universal,
just leave it blank.
Traffic Type (g):
Please select the traffic type of this rule,
available options are None, SMTP, HTTP, POP3, and FTP. You
can select a specific traffic type for this rule, if you want to make
this rule as a IP address based rule (apply the limitation on all
traffics from / to the specified IP address / port number), select
‘None’.
Protocol (h):
Please select the protocol type of this rule,
available options are TCP and UDP. If you don’t know what
protocol your application uses, please try ‘TCP’ first, and switch to
‘UDP’ if this rule doesn’t seems to work.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘save’ button (i), you’ll be brought back to
previous menu, and the rule you just set will appear in current QoS table; if you did
anything wrong, you’ll get an error message when you click ‘Save’ button, please correct
your input by the instructions given by the error message.
If you want to erase all values you just entered. Click ‘Reset’
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3-2 Network Address Translation (NAT)
Network address translations solve the problem if sharing a single IP address to multiple
computers. Without NAT, all computers must be assigned with a valid Internet IP address
to get connected to Internet, but Internet service providers only provide very few IP
addresses to every user. Therefore it’s necessary to use NAT technology to share a
single Internet IP address to multiple computers on local network, so everyone can get
connected to Internet.
Please follow the following instructions to set NAT parameters:
3-2-1 Basic NAT Settings (Enable or disable NAT function)
Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
To enable NAT function, please select ‘Enable’ for ‘Enable NAT module function’ (1); to
disable, please select ‘Disable’.
After you made the selection, please click ‘Apply’ button (2) and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
3-2-2 Port Forwarding
This function allows you to redirect a single port or consecutive ports of Internet IP
address to the same port of the IP address on local network. The port number(s) of
Internet IP address and private IP address (the IP address on local network) must be the
same. If the port number of Internet IP address and private IP address is different, please
use ‘Virtual Server’ function, described in next section.
Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘Port
Forwarding’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
4
6
5
7
8
11
12
9
10
13
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Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable Port
Check this box to enable port mapping,
Forwarding (1):
and uncheck this box to disable port mapping.
Private IP (2):
Input the IP address of the computer on local network which
provides internet service.
Computer Name (3): Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router
will be listed here. You can easily to select the computer name
without checking the IP address of the computer.
Type (4):
Select the type of connection, TCP or UDP. If you’re not sure,
please select ‘Both’.
Port Range (5):
Input the starting port number in the left field, and input the ending
port number in the right field. If you only want to redirect a single
port number, just fill the port number in the left field.
Comment (6):
Please input any text to describe this mapping, up to 16
alphanumerical characters.
Add (7):
Add the mapping to port forwarding table.
Reset (8):
Remove all inputted values.
Port Forwarding All existing port forwarding mappings will
Table (9):
be displayed here.
Delete (10):
Please select a port forwarding mapping by
clicking the
‘Select’ box of the mapping, then click ‘Delete Selected’ button to
remove the mapping. If there’s no existing mapping, this button
will be grayed out.
Delete All (11):
Delete all mappings existed in virtual server table.
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Reset (12):
Unselect all mappings.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (13) button and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
3-2-3 Virtual Server
This function allows you to redirect a port on Internet IP address (on WAN port) to a
specified port of an IP address on local network, so you can setup an Internet service on
the computer on local network, without exposing it on Internet directly. You can also build
many sets of port redirection, to provide many different Internet services on different local
computers via a single Internet IP address.
Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘Virtual
Server’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
12
13
10
11
14
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable Virtual
Server (1):
Check this box to enable virtual server,
and uncheck this box to disable virtual server.
Private IP (2):
Input the IP address of the computer which
provides Internet service.
Computer Name (3): Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router
will be listed here. You can easily to select the computer name
without checking the IP address of the computer.
Private Port (4):
Input the port number of the IP address
which provides Internet service.
Type (5):
Select the type of connection, TCP or UDP. If you’re not sure,
please select ‘Both’.
Public Port (6):
Please select the port number of Internet IP address which will be
redirected to the port number of local IP address defined above.
Comment (7):
Please input any text to describe this mapping, up to 16
alphanumerical characters.
Add (8):
Add the mapping to virtual server table.
Reset (9):
Remove all inputted values.
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Virtual Server
Table (10):
All existing virtual server mappings will be
displayed here.
Delete (11):
Please select a virtual server mapping by clicking
the
‘Select’ box of the mapping, then click ‘Delete Selected’ button to
remove the mapping. If there’s no existing mapping, this button
will be grayed out.
Delete All (12):
Delete all mappings existed in virtual server table.
Reset (13):
Unselect all mappings.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (14) button and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
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3-2-4 Port Mapping for Special Applications
Some applications require more than one connection a time; these applications won’t
work with simple NAT rules. In order to make these applications work, you can use this
function to let these applications work.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
12
13
10
11
14
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable (1):
Check this box to enable special applications and uncheck this
box to disable virtual server.
IP Address (2):
Input the IP address of the computer which you want to open the
ports.
Computer Name (3): Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router
will be listed here. You can easily to select the computer name
without checking the IP address of the computer.
TCP Port to Open (4): This is the out going (Outbound) range of TCP port numbers for
this particular application.
UDP Port to Open (5): This is the out going (Outbound) range of UDP port numbers for
this particular application.
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Comment (6):
The description of this setting.
Popula Applications This section lists the more popular applications that (7):
require multiple connections. Select an application
from the Popular Applications selection and click ‘Add’ to save the
setting to ‘Current Trigger-Port Table.’
Add (8):
Add the setting to the ‘Current Trigger-Port Table.’
Reset (9):
Click ‘Reset’ will clear all above setting and you can set up again.
Current Trigger
-Port Table (10):
All the settings for the special applications will be
listed here. If you want to remove some Special Application
settings from the " Current Trigger-Port Table", select the Special
Application settings you want to remove in the table and then click
"Delete Selected". If you want remove all Special Appliacation
settings from the table, just click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset"
will clear your current selections.
Delete (11):
Please select a special application by clicking
the ‘Select’
box of the mapping, then click ‘Delete Selected’ button to remove
the setting. If there’s no setting here, this button will be grayed
out.
Delete All (12):
Delete all settings existed in trigger port table.
Reset (13):
Unselect all settings.
Note: Only one LAN client can use a particular special application at a time.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (14) button and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while the router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
3-2-5 UPnP Setting
This function enables network auto-configuration for peer-to-peer communications, with
this function, network devices will be able to communicate with other devices directly,
and learn about information about other devices. Many network device and applications
rely on UPnP function nowadays.
Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘UPnP’, and
the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
There is only one option in this page, please select ‘Enable’ or ‘Disable’ to enable or
disable UPnP function, then click ‘Apply’ button, and the following message will be
displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
3-2-6 ALG Settings
Application Layer Gateway (ALG) is a special function of this router. It includes many
preset routing rules for numerous applications which require special support. With these
supports, those applications which required special support will be able to work with NAT
architecture.
Please click ‘NAT’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘ALG
Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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There are many applications listed here. Please check the box of the special support for
applications you need, and then click ‘Apply’ button and the following message will be
displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
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3-3 Firewall
Excepting NAT, this router also provides firewall function to block malicious intruders
from accessing your computers on local network. These functions include inbound attack
prevention, and block outbound traffics, like block URLs which have pre-defined
keywords.
Please follow the following instructions to enable or disable firewall function:
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please select ‘Enable’ or ‘Disable’ to enable or disable firewall function of this router, the
click ‘Apply’ button, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
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procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
3-3-1 Access Control
This function allows or denies computers with specific MAC address from connecting to
the network; it can also allow or deny computers with specific IP address, protocol, or
port.
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘Access
Control’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
4
3
5
6
7
11
12
8
9
13
14
10
15
16
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable MAC
Check this box to enable MAC address based
Filtering (1):
filtering, and please select ‘Deny’ or ‘Allow’ to decide the behavior
of MAC filtering table. If you select deny, all MAC addresses listed
in filtering table will be denied from connecting to the network; if
you select allow, only MAC addresses listed in filtering table will
be able to connect to the network, and rejecting all other network
devices.
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Client PC
MAC address (2):
Please input the MAC address of computer
or network device here, dash ( - ) or colon ( : ) are not required.
(i.e. If the MAC address label of your wireless device indicates
‘aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff’ or ‘aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff’, just input ‘aabbccddeeff’
Computer Name (3): Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router
will be listed here. You can easily to select the computer name
without checking the IP address of the computer.
Comment (4):
You can input any text here as the comment of this MAC address,
like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’ or anything. You can input up to 16
alphanumerical characters here. This is optional and you can
leave it blank, however, it’s recommended to use this field to write
a comment for every MAC addresses as a memory aid.
Add (5):
Click ‘Add’ button to add the MAC address and associated
comment to the MAC address filtering table.
Reset (6):
Remove all inputted values.
MAC Filtering
Table (7):
All existing MAC addresses in filtering table
will be listed here.
Delete (8):
If you want to delete a specific MAC address entry, check the
‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to delete, then click
‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can select more than one MAC
addresses).
Delete All (9):
If you want to delete all MAC addresses listed here, please click
‘Delete All’ button.
Reset (10):
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all MAC addresses.
Enable IP
Check this box to enable IP address based
Filtering Table (11): filtering, and please select ‘Deny’ or ‘Allow’
to decide the behavior of IP filtering table. If you select deny, all IP
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addresses listed in filtering table will be denied from connecting to
the network; if you select allow, only IP addresses listed in filtering
table will be able to connect to the network, and rejecting all other
network devices.
IP Filtering
Table (12):
All existing IP addresses in filtering table will be
listed here.
Add PC (13):
Click this button to add a new IP address to IP filtering table, up to
20 IP addresses can be added.
Please refer to section 3-3-1-1 ‘Add PC’ below.
Delete
Selected (14):
If you want to delete a specific IP address entry,
check the ‘select’ box of the IP address you want to delete, then
click ‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can select more than one IP
addresses).
Delete All (15):
If you want to delete all IP addresses listed here, please click
‘Delete All’ button.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (16) button and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
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3-3-1-1 Add PC
After button is clicked, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
a
b
c
d
e
f
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Client PC
Please input any text to describe this IP
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Description (a):
address, up to 16 alphanumerical characters.
Client PC IP
address (b):
Please input the starting IP address in the left
field, and input the end IP address in the right field to define a
range of IP addresses, or just input the IP address in the left field
to define a single IP address.
Client PC
Please check all services you want to allow or
Service (c):
deny this IP address to use, you can check multiple services.
Protocol (d):
If the service you need is not listed above, you can create a new
service on your own. Please select TCP or UDP, if you’re not sure,
please select ‘Both’.
Port Range (e):
Please input the port range of new service here. If you want to
specify port 80 to 90, please input ’80-90’; if you want to apply this
rule on a single port, just input the port number, like ‘80’.
Add (f):
When you finish with all settings, please click ‘Add’ to save
settings, you’ll be brought back to previous menu, and the rule
you just set will appear in current IP filtering table.
If you want to remove all settings in this page, click ‘Reset’ button.
3-3-2 URL Blocking
If you want to prevent computers in local network from accessing certain website (like
pornography, violence, or anything you want to block), you can use this function to stop
computers in local network from accessing the site you defined here.
This function is useful for parents and company managers.
Please follow the following instructions to set URL blocking parameters:
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘URL
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Blocking’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable URL
Check this box to enforce URL Blocking,
Blocking (1):
uncheck it to disable URL Blocking.
URL/Keyword (2):
Input the URL (host name or IP address of website, like
http://www.blocked-site.com or http://11.22.33.44), or the keyword
which is contained in URL (like pornography, cartoon, stock, or
anything).
Add (3):
Click ‘Add’ button to add the URL / keyword to the URL / Keyword
filtering table.
Reset (4):
Click ‘Reset’ to remove the value you inputted in URL/Keyword
field.
Current URL
Blocking Table (5):
All existing URL/Keywords in filtering
table will be listed here.
Delete Selected (6):
If you want to delete a specific URL/Keyword entry, check the
‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to delete, then click
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‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can select more than one MAC
addresses).
Delete All (7):
If you want to delete all URL/Keyword listed here, please click
‘Delete All’ button.
Reset (8):
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all URL/Keywords.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (9) button, and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
3-3-3 DoS Attack Prevention
Denial of Service (DoS) is a common attack measure, by transmitting a great amount of
data or request to your Internet IP address and server, the Internet connection will
become very slow, and server may stop responding because it is not capable to handle
too much traffics.
This router has a built-in DoS attack prevention mechanism; when you activate it, the
router will stop the DoS attack for you.
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Please follow the following instructions to set DoS prevention parameters:
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘DoS’,
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
4
5
6
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Ping of Death (1):
Ping of Death is a special packet, and it will cause certain
computer to stop responding. Check this box and the router will
filter this kind of packet out.
Discard Ping
From WAN (2):
Ping is a common and useful tool to know
the connection status of a specified remote network device, but
some malicious intruder will try to fill your network bandwidth with
a lot of PING request data packet, to make your internet
connection become very slow, even unusable. Check this box and
the router will ignore all inbound PING request, but when you
activate this function, you will not be able to ping your own router
from internet, too.
Port Scan (3):
Some malicious intruder will try to use a ‘port scanner’ to know
how many ports of your Internet IP address are open, and they
can collect a lot of valuable information by doing so. Check this
box and the router will block all traffics which are trying to scan
your Internet IP address.
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Sync Flood (4):
This is another kind of attack, which uses a lot of fake connection
request to consume the memory of your server, and try to make
your server become unusable. Check this box and the router will
filter this kind of traffic out.
Advanced
Settings (5):
Click this button and you can set advanced
settings of the DoS prevention method listed above, please see
section 3-3-3-1 ‘DoS – Advanced Settings’ below.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (6) button and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
3-3-3-1 DoS - Advanced Settings
When you click ‘Advanced’ button in DoS menu, the following message will be displayed
on your web browser:
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a
b
c
d
e
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Ping of Death (a):
Set the threshold of when this DoS prevention mechanism will be
activated. Please check the box of Ping of Death, and input the
frequency of threshold (how many packets per second, minute, or
hour), you can also input the ‘Burst’ value, which means when this
number of ‘Ping of Death’ packet is received in very short time,
this DoS prevention mechanism will be activated.
Discard Ping
From WAN (b):
Check the box to activate this DoS
prevention mechanism.
Port Scan (c):
Many kind of port scan methods are listed here, please check one
or more DoS attack methods you want to prevent.
Sync Flood (d):
Like Ping of Death, you can set the threshold of when this DoS
prevention mechanism will be activated.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (e) button and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
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Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
3-3-4 Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) refers to a special area in your local network. This area
resides in local network, and all computers in this area uses private IP address, too. But
these private IP addresses are mapped to a certain Internet IP address, so other people
on Internet can fully access those computers in DMZ.
Please follow the following instructions to set DMZ parameters:
Please click ‘Firewall’ menu on the left of web management interface, then click ‘DMZ’,
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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1
4
3
2
5
6
9
10
7
8
11
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
Enable DMZ (1):
Check this box to enable DMZ function, uncheck this box to
disable DMZ function.
Public IP
address (2):
You can select ‘Dynamic IP’ or ‘Static IP’ here.
If you select ‘Dynamic IP’, you have to select an Internet
connection session from dropdown menu; if you select ‘Static IP’,
please input the IP address that you want to map to a specific
private IP address.
Client PC IP
address (3):
Please input the private IP address that the
Internet IP address will be mapped to.
Computer Name (4): Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router
will be listed here. You can easily to select the computer name
without checking the IP address of the computer.
Add (5):
Click ‘Add’ button to add the public IP address and associated
private IP address to the DMZ table.
Reset (6):
Click ‘Clear’ to remove the value you inputted in Public IP address
and Client PC IP address field.
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Current
DMZ table (7):
Delete (8):
All existing public IP address and private IP
address mapping will be displayed here.
If you want to delete a specific DMZ entry, check
the ‘select’ box of the DMZ entry you want to delete, then click
‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can select more than one DMZ
entries).
Delete All (9):
If you want to delete all DMZ entries listed here, please click
‘Delete All’ button.
Reset (10):
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all DMZ entries.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (11) button and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
If you want to reset all settings in this page back to previously-saved value, please click
‘Cancel’ button.
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3-4 Fail Over
WAN failure detection works by detecting the presence of traffic on the 3G modem link. If
the link is idle for too long the router will attempt to ping a target IP address. If the ping
does not reply, the router assumes the link is down and attempts to fail over to ethernet
WAN link.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Here are descriptions of every setup items:
WAN
FailOver (1):
Check this box to enable Fail Over function.
WAN Priority (2):
Please select the WAN connection priority from the drop-down
menu.
Idle Timeout
Please input the idle time for detecting the Internet
Detect (3):
connection. If the major Internet connection is idle for this amount
of time then the router will send a ping to the target IP Address
you have assigned. If the ping gets a reply, the router will restart
the idle timer, otherwise it will failover to the second priority of
WAN connection.
Note: The router will not connect back to the first priority of Internet connection
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once it has already failed over to another one.
Ping Target IP (2):
Please input the target IP address you wish to ping out. If the
major Internet connection is idle for too long the router will attempt
to ping the target IP address.
E-Mail
Notification (5):
If you enable E-Mail Notification function, when
the WAN connection fails the router will automatically attempt to
connect to the second priority of WAN connection and mail a
notification to you.
SMTP Server (6):
Please input the SMTP Server you wish to use.
Mail Address
From (7):
please input the mail address which you would like
to use as an alarm.
Mail Address
To (8):
please input the mail address which you would like
to advise.
After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (9) button and the following message
will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Continue’ to back to previous setup menu; to continue on other setup
procedures, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please
wait for about 30 seconds while router is rebooting).
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3-5 System Status
The functions described here will provide you with system related information. To enter
system status menu, please either click ‘Status’ link located at the upper-right corner of
web management interface, or click ‘Status’ button in main menu.
3-5-1 System information and firmware version
You can use this function to know the system information and firmware version of this
router.
Please click ‘Status’ link located at the upper-right corner of web management interface,
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser
NOTE: Information displayed here may vary.
3-5-2 Internet Connection Status
You can use this function to know the status of current Internet connection.
Please click ‘Internet Connection’ menu on the left of web management interface, and
the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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This information will vary depending on the connection status.
3-5-3 Device Status
You can use this function to know the status of your router.
Please click ‘Device Status’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
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This information will vary depending on the device status.
3-5-4 System Log
All important system events are logged. You can use this function to check the event log
of your router.
Please click ‘System Log’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
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The system events will be displayed in this page, and here are descriptions of every
buttons:
Save (1):
Save current event log to a text file.
Clear (2):
Delete all event logs displayed here.
Refresh (3):
Refresh the event log display.
3-5-5 Security Log
All information about network and system security is kept here, and you can use this
function to check the security event log of your router.
Please click ‘Security Log’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
The system events will be displayed in this page, and here are descriptions of every
buttons:
Save (1):
Save current event log to a text file.
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Clear (2):
Refresh (3):
Delete all event logs displayed here.
Refresh the event log display.
3-5-6 Active DHCP client list
If you’re using the DHCP server function of this router, you can use this function to check
all active DHCP leases issued by this router.
Please click ‘Active DHCP client’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
All information about active DHCP leases issued by this router will be displayed here.
You can click ‘Refresh’ button to display latest information.
3-5-7 Statistics
You can use this function to check the statistics of wireless, LAN, and WAN interface of
this router.
Please click ‘Statistics’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
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You can click ‘Refresh’ button to display latest information.
3-5-8 Modem Info
You can use this function to check the information of the 3G modem card.
Please click ‘Modem Info’ menu on the left of web management interface, and the
following message will be displayed on your web browser:
3-6 Configuration Backup and Restore
You can backup all configurations of this router to a file, so you can make several copied
of router configuration for security reason.
To backup or restore router configuration, please follow the following instructions:
Please click ‘Tool’ located at the upper-right corner of web management interface, then
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click ‘Configuration Tools’ on the left of web management interface, then the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
1
2
3
Here are descriptions of every buttons:
Backup
Press ‘Save...’ button, and you’ll be prompted to
Settings (1):
download the configuration as a file, default filename is
‘config.bin’, you can save it as another filename for different
versions, and keep it in a safe place.
Restore
Settings (2):
Press ‘Browse…’ to pick a previously-saved
configuration file from your computer, and then click ‘Upload’ to
transfer the configuration file to router. After the configuration is
uploaded, the router’s configuration will be replaced by the file
you just uploaded.
Restore to
Factory Default (3):
Click this button to remove all settings
you made, and restore the configuration of this
router back to factory default settings.
3-7 Firmware Upgrade
The system software used by this router is called as ‘firmware’, just like any applications
on your computer, when you replace the old application with a new one; your computer
will be equipped with new function. You can also use this firmware upgrade function to
add new functions to your router, even fix the bugs of this router.
To upgrade firmware, please follow the following instructions:
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Please click ‘Tool’ located at the upper-right corner of web management interface, then
click ‘Firmware Upgrade’ on the left of web management interface, then the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Next’, and the following message will be displayed:
Click ‘Browse’ button first, you’ll be prompted to provide the filename of firmware
upgrade file. Please download the latest firmware file from our website, and use it to
upgrade your router.
After a firmware upgrade file is selected, click ‘Apply’ button, and the router will start
firmware upgrade procedure automatically. The procedure may take several minutes,
please be patient.
NOTE: Never interrupt the upgrade procedure by closing the web browser
115 router. If the firmware you
or physically disconnect your computer from
uploaded is corrupt, the firmware upgrade will fail, and you may have to
return this router to the dealer of purchase to ask for help. (Warranty voids if
3-8 System Reset
If you think the network performance is bad, or you found the behavior of the router is
strange, you can perform a router reset, sometime it will solve the problem.
To do so, please click ‘Tool’ located at the upper-right corner of web management
interface, then click ‘Reset’ on the left of web management interface, then the following
message will be displayed on your web browser:
Please click ‘Apply’ to reset your router, and it will be available again after few minutes,
please be patient.
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Chapter 4 Appendix
4-1 Hardware Specification
SoC: Cavium 1104
RF: Ralink RT3070
Flash: 4MB
SDRAM: 16MB
Ethernet Port: 10/100M UTP Port x 1
USB Post : USB 2.0 Type A x 1 (3G), Mini USB x 1 (Power)
Antenna: Internal Printed Antenna (1T1R)
Power: 5VDC, 2A xMini USB Type Switch Power Adaptor
Dimension: 16.8(H) x 70(W) x 100(D)mm
Transmit Power: 11n: 14dBm±1.5dBm, 11g: 14dBm±1.5dBm, 11b: 17dBm±1.5dBm,
Temperature: 32~104°F (0 ~ 40°C)
Humidity: 10-90% (NonCondensing)
Certification: FCC, CE
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4-2 Troubleshooting
If you found the router is working improperly or stop responding to you, don’t panic!
Before you contact your dealer of purchase for help, please read this troubleshooting first.
Some problems can be solved by you within very short time!
Scenario
Solution
Router is not
responding to me when
a. Please check the connection of power cord
and network cable of this router. All cords and
I want to access it by
web browser
cables should be correctly and firmly inserted
to the router.
b. If all LEDs on this router are off, please check
the status of A/C power adapter, and make
sure it’s correctly powered.
c. You must use the same IP address section
which router uses.
d. Are you using MAC or IP address filter? Try to
connect the router by another computer and
see if it works; if not, please restore your router
to factory default settings (pressing ‘reset’
button for over 10 seconds).
e. Set your computer to obtain an IP address
automatically (DHCP), and see if your
computer can get an IP address.
f. If you did a firmware upgrade and this
happens, contact your dealer of purchase for
help.
g. If all above solutions don’t work, contact the
dealer of purchase for help.
Can’t get connected to
Internet
a. Go to ‘Status’ -> ‘Internet Connection’ menu,
and check Internet connection status.
b. Please be patient, sometime Internet is just that
slow.
c. If you connect a computer to Internet directly
before, try to do that again, and check if you
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can get connected to Internet with your
computer directly attached to the device
provided by your Internet service provider.
d. Check PPPoE / L2TP / PPTP user ID and
password again.
e. Call your Internet service provide and check if
there’s something wrong with their service.
f. If you just can’t connect to one or more
website, but you can still use other internet
services, please check URL/Keyword filter.
g. Try to reset the router and try again later.
h. Reset the device provided by your Internet
i.
service provider too.
Try to use IP address instead of hostname. If
you can use IP address to communicate with a
remote server, but can’t use hostname, please
check DNS setting.
I can’t locate my router
by my wireless client
a. ‘Broadcast ESSID’ set to off?
b. All two antennas are properly secured.
c. Are you too far from your router? Try to get
closer.
d. Please remember that you have to input ESSID
on your wireless client manually, if ESSID
broadcast is disabled.
File download is very
a. Are you using QoS function? Try to disable it
slow or breaks
frequently
and try again.
b. Internet is slow sometimes, being patient.
c. Try to reset the router and see if it’s better after
that.
d. Try to know what computers do on your local
network. If someone’s transferring big files,
other people will think Internet is really slow.
e. If this never happens before, call you Internet
service provider to know if there is something
wrong with their network.
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I can’t log onto web
a. Make sure you’re connecting to the correct IP
management interface:
password is wrong
address of the router!
b. Password is case-sensitive. Make sure the
‘Caps Lock’ light is not illuminated.
c. If you really forget the password, do a hard
reset.
Router become hot
a. This is not a malfunction, if you can keep your
hand on the router’s case.
b. If you smell something wrong or see the smoke
coming out from router or A/C power adapter,
please disconnect the router and A/C power
adapter from utility power (make sure it’s safe
before you’re doing this!), and call your dealer
of purchase for help.
The date and time of all
a. Adjust the internal clock of router.
event logs are wrong
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4-3 Glossary
Default Gateway (Router): Every non-router IP device needs to configure a default
gateway’s IP address. When the device sends out an IP packet, if the destination is not
on the same network, the device has to send the packet to its default gateway, which will
then send it out towards the destination.
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This protocol automatically gives every
computer on your home network an IP address.
DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System, which allows Internet
servers to have a domain name (such as www.Portablerouter.com) and one or more IP
addresses (such as 192.34.45.8). A DNS server keeps a database of Internet servers
and their respective domain names and IP addresses, so that when a domain name is
requested (as in typing "Portablerouter.com" into your Internet browser), the user is sent
to the proper IP address. The DNS server IP address used by the computers on your
home network is the location of the DNS server your ISP has assigned to you.
DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. A DSL modem uses your existing
phone lines to transmit data at high speeds.
Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. Ethernet networks are connected by
special cables and hubs, and move data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second
(Mbps).
Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that after there is no traffic to the Internet for a
pre-configured amount of time, the connection will automatically be disconnected.
IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address
consists of a series of four numbers separated by periods, which identifies a single,
unique Internet computer host in an IP network. Example: 192.168.2.1. It consists of 2
portions: the IP network address, and the host identifier.
The IP address is a 32-bit binary pattern, which can be represented as four cascaded
decimal numbers separated by “.”: aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa, where each “aaa” can be anything
from 000 to 255, or as four cascaded binary numbers separated by “.”:
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bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb, where each “b” can either be 0 or 1.
A network mask is also a 32-bit binary pattern, and consists of consecutive leading
1’s followed by consecutive trailing 0’s, such as
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000. Therefore sometimes a network mask can also
be described simply as “x” number of leading 1’s.
When both are represented side by side in their binary forms, all bits in the IP address
that correspond to 1’s in the network mask become part of the IP network address, and
the remaining bits correspond to the host ID.
For example, if the IP address for a device is, in its binary form,
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000111, and if its network mask is,
11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000
It means the device’s network address is
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000000, and its host ID is,
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000111. This is a convenient and efficient method for
routers to route IP packets to their destination.
ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). The ISP Gateway Address is an IP
address for the Internet router located at the ISP's office.
ISP: Internet Service Provider. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the
Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations.
LAN: Local Area Network. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected
together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). Your home network is
considered a LAN.
MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware
address of a device connected to a network. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a
device with an Ethernet interface. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes of data that
corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer), plus 3 bytes that are
often used as the product’s serial number.
NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your
home network to use one IP address. Using the travel router’s NAT capability, you can
access the Internet from any computer on your home network without having to
purchase more IP addresses from your ISP.
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Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network
application/protocol over another. Below is a list of common applications and
protocol/port numbers:
Application
Protocol Port Number
Telnet
TCP
23
FTP
TCP
21
SMTP
TCP
25
POP3
TCP
110
H.323
TCP
1720
SNMP
UCP
161
SNMP Trap
UDP
162
HTTP
TCP
80
PPTP
TCP
1723
PC Anywhere TCP
5631
PC Anywhere UDP
5632
PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure data
transmission method originally created for dial-up connections; PPPoE is for Ethernet
connections. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards, Ethernet and the
Point-to-Point Protocol. It is a communications protocol for transmitting information over
Ethernet between different manufacturers
Protocol: A protocol is a set of rules for interaction agreed upon between multiple
parties so that when they interface with each other based on such a protocol, the
interpretation of their behavior is well defined and can be made objectively, without
confusion or misunderstanding.
Router: A router is an intelligent network device that forwards packets between different
networks based on network layer address information such as IP addresses.
Subnet Mask: A subnet mask, which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided
by your ISP, is a set of four numbers (e.g. 255.255.255.0) configured like an IP address.
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It is used to create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as
opposed to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet, which must be
assigned by InterNIC).
TCP/IP, UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable
Datagram Protocol (UDP). TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the
Internet. Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol. TCP performs proper error
detection and error recovery, and thus is reliable. UDP on the other hand is not reliable.
They both run on top of the IP (Internet Protocol), a network layer protocol.
WAN: Wide Area Network. A network that connects computers located in geographically
separate areas (e.g. different buildings, cities, countries). The Internet is a wide area
network.
Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a
graphical user interface that is based on the web browser. This means the user can use
the familiar Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to Control/configure or monitor the
device being managed.
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