User`s manual | Airlink101 AR685W Network Router User Manual

Wireless N 300 Green Router
Model # AR685W
User’s Manual
Ver. 1A
Federal Communication Commission
Interference Statement
FCC Part 15
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with provided instructions
and a minimum 20 cm spacing must be provided between computer mounted antenna
and person’s body (excluding extremities of hands, wrist and feet) during wireless
modes of operation.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the authority to operate equipment.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20cm (8 inches)
during normal operation.
The antenna(s) used for this transmitter must not be co-located or operating in
conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
The equipment version marketed in US is restricted to usage of the channels 1-11 only.
Table of Contents
FEDERAL COMMUNICATION COMMISSION INTERFERENCE STATEMENT............................1
TABLE OF CONTENTS .....................................................................................................................3
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................6
1.1 FEATURES ............................................................................................................................................ 6
1.2 PACKAGE CONTENTS .......................................................................................................................... 6
1.3 ROUTER INTERFACE ............................................................................................................................ 7
CHAPTER 2 INSTALLING THE ROUTER........................................................................................9
2.1 USING EZ SETUP WIZARD .................................................................................................................. 9
2.2 CONNECTING TO THE ROUTER WIRELESSLY .................................................................................... 16
CHAPTER 3 USING WEB CONFIGURATION UTILITY ................................................................ 18
3.0 SETUP WIZARD .................................................................................................................................. 20
3.1 NETWORK .......................................................................................................................................... 31
3.1.1 WAN.......................................................................................................................................... 31
3.1.2 LAN ........................................................................................................................................... 32
3.1.3 NAT / Static Routing ............................................................................................................... 35
3.1.4 DDNS........................................................................................................................................ 37
3.2 WIRELESS .......................................................................................................................................... 38
3.2.1 Basic Settings .......................................................................................................................... 38
3.2.2 Wireless Security .................................................................................................................... 40
3.2.2.1 WEP....................................................................................................................................... 41
3.2.2.2 WPA Pre-share Key ............................................................................................................ 42
3.2.2.3 WPA RADIUS....................................................................................................................... 43
3.2.3 MAC Control ............................................................................................................................ 44
3.2.4 Advanced Settings .................................................................................................................. 46
3.2.5 WPS .......................................................................................................................................... 48
3.3 APPLICATION & GAMING.................................................................................................................... 51
3.3.1 Virtual Server (Port Forwarding) ........................................................................................... 51
3.3.2 Special Applications (Port Triggering).................................................................................. 53
3.3.3 DMZ........................................................................................................................................... 55
3.3.4 ALG Settings............................................................................................................................ 57
3.3.5 QoS ........................................................................................................................................... 58
3.3.5.1 Add a new QoS rule ............................................................................................................ 59
3.4 ACCESS RESTRICTIONS .................................................................................................................... 61
3.4.1 IP & Port Filtering .................................................................................................................... 61
3.4.2 MAC Filtering ........................................................................................................................... 64
3.4.3 URL/Keyword Filtering ........................................................................................................... 66
3.5 SECURITY .......................................................................................................................................... 67
3.5.1 Firewall ..................................................................................................................................... 67
3.5.2 DoS (Denial-of-Service) ......................................................................................................... 68
3.5.2.1 DoS – Advanced Settings................................................................................................... 68
3.5.3 VPN Pass through .................................................................................................................. 70
3.6 ADMINISTRATION ............................................................................................................................... 71
3.6.1 Time .......................................................................................................................................... 71
3.6.2 Management ............................................................................................................................ 72
3.6.2.1 Password .............................................................................................................................. 72
3.6.2.2 UPnP ..................................................................................................................................... 73
3.6.2.3 Reset (Reboot)..................................................................................................................... 73
3.6.3 Remote Management ............................................................................................................. 74
3.6.4 Firmware Upgrade .................................................................................................................. 75
3.6.5 Configuration Settings ............................................................................................................ 76
3.6.6 Log............................................................................................................................................. 77
3.6.7 Statistics ................................................................................................................................... 78
3.7 STATUS .............................................................................................................................................. 79
3.7.1 Internet Connection Status .................................................................................................... 79
3.7.2 LAN Status ............................................................................................................................... 79
3.7.3 WLAN (Wireless LAN) Status................................................................................................ 80
3.7.4 System Status.......................................................................................................................... 80
CHAPTER 4 TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................................... 81
TECHNICAL SUPPORT................................................................................................................... 82
Chapter 1 Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the AR685W Wireless N 300 Green Router. The Wireless
N 300 Green Router is recommended to be used with AirLink101® Wireless N products to
provide the best performance. The high speed of up to 300Mbps* combined with extended
wireless coverage delivers fast and reliable connections for all of your networking applications.
A full range of security features such as WEP, WPA-PSK, and WPA2-PSK provide the highest
level of wireless network security. The web-based Setup Wizard allows you to set up the router
with an easy-to-use user interface. Green Ethernet technology helps to reduce power usage to
save more energy. Best of all, the AR685W works with 802.11g and 802.11b network devices
which ensures compatibility with your existing wireless products.
1.1 Features
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Industry’s highest wireless data rate of up to 300Mbps* with IEEE 802.11n standard
Two 3dBi external antennas for wider coverage and stronger signal strength to eliminate
dead spots
Green Ethernet technology reduces power consumption
64-bit/128-bit WEP encryption, Pre-shared Key (PSK), and Wi-Fi Protected Access
(WPA2 and WPA) support provide full protection for your wireless connection
Stronger signal strength increases the reliability and speed of wireless connections
Great for environments with higher wireless data traffic requirements
Fully backward-compatible with 802.11b/g devices
Works best with AirLink101® Wireless N Adapters
1.2 Package Contents
Before you start to use this router, please check if there’s anything missing in the package, and
contact your dealer of purchase to claim for missing items:
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Wireless N 300 Green Router
Quick Installation Guide
Setup CD
A/C power adapter
Ethernet Cable
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1.3 Router Interface
Front Panel LEDs
LED
Light
Status
Description
POWER
On
Router is powered on.
On
WPS setup is in progress.
Off
Wireless network is switched off.
Flashing
Wireless network is ready and WPS setup is not in
progress.
On
WAN port is connected.
Off
WAN port is not connected.
Flashing
WAN port is transferring or receiving data.
On
LAN port is connected.
Off
LAN port is not connected.
Flashing
LAN port is transferring or receiving data.
WLAN
WAN
LNK/ACT
LAN 1-4
LNK/ACT
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Back Panel
Antenna B
Antenna A Item
Name
Description
Antenna
The antenna is 3dBi dipole antenna.
Radio
ON/OFF
Switch the button to activate or deactivate the Router’s wireless function.
Reset /
WPS
Reset the router to factory default settings (clear all settings) or start security
synchronization function (WPS). Press this button and hold for 10 seconds to
restore all settings to factory defaults. Press this button for no longer than 1
second to start security synchronization.
1-4
Local Area Network (LAN) ports 1 to 4.
WAN
Wide Area Network (WAN / Internet) port.
Power
Power connector, connects to A/C power adapter.
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Chapter 2 Installing the Router
2.1 Using EZ Setup Wizard
Step 1 Insert the Setup CD into your CD-ROM drive.
Step 2 Click Next to start the configuration.
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Step 3 Connect one end of a network cable to the WAN port of the router and connect the other
end to your DSL/Cable modem.
Step 4 Connect one end of another network cable to the LAN port of the router and connect the
other end to your computer.
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Step 5 Power on the Router. It will take about 30 seconds.
Step 6 Make sure POWER, WAN, WLAN, and the LAN port that the computer is connected to
are lit. If not, try the above steps again.
Step 7 Enter the Router’s password to log in to the Router. The default password is “admin”. It
is recommended to change the router’s password to protect it from being accessed by other
users. If you do not wish to change the current password, you can leave New Password and
Confirm New Password blank. Click Next.
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Step 8 Verify the Internet Connection Type the wizard detected. If it is not correct, please
configure it manually. Click Next.
Note: If you are not sure which Internet Connection Type you use, please contact your Internet
Service Provider for this information.
Step 9 Enter the settings for your Internet Connection Type.
Dynamic IP (Cable Modem users)
Click on Clone to clone the MAC address of your PC to the modem then click Next.
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PPPoE (DSL users)
Enter the user name and password provided by your ISP then click Next.
Step 10 Please wait while the Wizard trying to connect to the Internet. If you see the window
“Internet Connection Succeed”, your router has been successfully connected to the Internet.
Please click Next to configure the wireless settings.
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Step 11 Configure a name for your wireless network. Click Next.
Step 12 Configure the security key for your wireless network. Check Enable WPA Pre-Share
Key. Enter 8 to 63 characters into WPA-Pre-Share Key. Click Next.
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Step 13 Verify the settings you just configured for the Router. Click Finish to restart the Router.
Congratulations! Your router configuration has been finished.
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2.2 Connecting to the Router Wirelessly
You must configure your wireless computer in order to establish a wireless connection to the
router. In this section, you can find the instructions of how to connect to the router wirelessly
with your Windows 7 computer. You can also refer to the manual of your wireless network card
regarding how to connect to a router wirelessly.
Step 1 Click the wireless icon on the task bar of your desktop. A list of available network will
pop up. Select the one you want to connect to and click Connect.
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Step 2 Enter the network security key if the wireless network you are attempting to connect to
has wireless encryption enabled. Click OK. The connection should be now established.
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Chapter 3 Using Web Configuration
Utility
The Web Configuration Utility contains advanced features that allow you to configure the router
to meet your network’s needs such as: Access Control, QoS (Quality of Service), Port
Forwarding (Virtual Server) and other functions. If you have already gone through the EZ Setup
Wizard, you do NOT need to configure any other thing here for you to start using the Internet.
Below is a general description of the advanced functions available for this router.
Menu
Description
3.0 Setup Wizard
This quick setup wizard can guide you through the basic settings
of this Router.
3.1 Network
This section allows you to configure the Internet Connection
settings with your ISP, the settings of your local area network
(LAN), such as enable/disable the DHCP server, Dynamic DNS
information, and NAT function.
3.2 Wireless
This section allows you to setup the Router’s SSID, security key,
WPS, etc.
3.3 Application & Gaming This section allows you to configure router’s setting for your
special applications or gaming requirements, such as open certain
ports for your applications.
3.4 Access Restrictions
This section allows you to set up the access control rules, such as
MAC filtering, URL filtering to prevent the LAN users from
accessing certain type of website.
3.5 Security
This Firewall section allows you to configure Hacker Prevention
and VPN pass through.
3.6 Administration
The section allows you to specify a time zone, change the system
password, save/reload the router configuration, upgrade firmware
and so on.
3.7 Status
You can see Router’s status in this section.
In order to configure more advanced features for your router, you need to first log in to the Web
Configuration Utility. Please follow the steps below.
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Step 1 Go to the computer that is connected to the router with an Ethernet cable, open the web
browser (i.e. Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox) and type 192.168.2.1 or the IP address you
assigned to this router in the URL address bar and press Enter.
Step 2 Enter your user name and password and click OK. (The default user name and
password are both “admin”.)
Step 3 When you see this page coming up, you have successfully logged in to the router. You
can now access the complete features/settings of the router.
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3.0 Setup Wizard
Click on Setup Wizard and start the basic configuration for this router. If you have gone through
the EZ Setup Wizard on the provided CD, you do not need to set up the router again.
Step 1 Configure the Time Zone Settings of the Router. You can click on Copy Time from PC.
Enable Daylight Saving if it is applicable in your country. Click NEXT.
The Time Zone allows your router to base its time on the settings configured here, this will affect
functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.
Parameter
Description
Current Time
Display the router’s current time. You can manually configure it
or Click on Copy Time from PC.
Enable NTP Update
Check to enable time auto-synchronization through Internet.
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Time Zone
You can select your local time zone here. The router will sync
time according to your time zone selection.
Time Server Address
Input the IP address / host name of time server here
Daylight Savings
If the country you live uses daylight saving, please check the
Enable box and choose the duration of daylight saving.
Step 2 Select WAN type by which Internet service you are using.
Dynamic IP (for Cable or some DSL users)
Click on Dynamic IP if you are connecting to Internet through a cable modem. When the
Dynamic IP settings appear below, click Clone MAC and click NEXT.
Parameter
Description
Host Name
Please input the host name of your router; this is optional and
only required if your service provider asks you to do so.
MAC Address
Please input MAC address of your computer here; if your service
provider only permits computer with certain MAC address to
access internet. If you are using the computer which used to
connect to Internet via cable modem, you can simply press
“Clone Mac address” button to fill the MAC address field with the
MAC address of your computer.
DNS Address
Select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service
provider here. You can choose “Obtain an IP address
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automatically”, or “Use the following IP address” (i.e. static IP
address).
Primary DNS
Please input the IP address of DNS server provided by your
service provider.
Secondary DNS
Please input the IP address of another DNS server provided by
your service provider, this is optional.
PPPoE (for DSL users)
For DSL users, your Internet type is either Dynamic IP or PPPoE. If you are not sure which one
you have, it is suggested to select PPPoE for your WAN type, and if you cannot connect to the
Internet after the Setup Wizard finished, go through the Setup Wizard again and select
Dynamic IP. Otherwise, you can call your ISP to confirm which Internet type you have.
Click on PPPoE for your WAN type. Enter your user name and password provided by your ISP.
Click NEXT.
Note: Depending on the ISP, you may need to include the domain name with your username.
Example:
username@sbcglobal.net
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Parameter
Description
User Name
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
DNS Address
Select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service
provider here. You can choose “Obtain an IP address
automatically”, or “Use the following IP address” (i.e. static IP
address).
Primary DNS
Please input the IP address of DNS server provided by your
service provider.
Secondary DNS
Please input the IP address of another DNS server provided by
your service provider, this is optional.
Service Name
Please give a name to this Internet service (this is optional).
MTU
Please input the MTU value of your network connection here. If
you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection Type
Please select the connection type you wish to use. There are 3
options:
1) ‘Continuous’ - keep internet connection alive, do not
disconnect,
2) “Connect on Demand” - only connects to Internet when there’s
a connect attempt.
3) ‘Manual’ - only connects to Internet when ‘Connect’ button on
this page is pressed, and disconnects when ‘Disconnect button
is pressed.
Idle Time Out
Specify the time to shutdown internet connect after no internet
activity is detected by minute. This option is only available when
connection type is ‘Connect on Demand’.
Static IP
Click on Static IP if your ISP (Internet Service Provider) has provided you a set of IP addresses
for your Internet connection.
Enter the IP address, Subnet Mask, DNS addresses and Default Gateway provided by your ISP.
Note: You must use the addresses provided by your Internet service provider, wrong setting
value will cause connection problem.
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PPTP
PPTP requires two kinds of setting: WAN interface setting (setup IP address) and PPTP setting
(PPTP user name and password).
Here we start from WAN interface setting:
Select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service provider here. You can choose
“Obtain an IP address automatically, or “Use the following IP address” (i.e. static IP address) for
IP and DNS address. WAN interface settings must be correctly set, or the Internet connection
will fail even those settings of PPTP settings are correct. Please contact your Internet service
provider if you don’t know what you should fill in these fields.
Now please go to PPTP settings section:
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Parameter
Description
User Name
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
PPTP Gateway
Please input the IP address of PPTP gateway assigned by your
Internet service provider here.
Connection ID
Please input the connection ID here, this is optional and
you can leave it blank.
MTU
Please input the MTU value of your network connection here. If
you don’t know, you can use default value.
BEZEQ-ISRAEL
Setting item BEZEQ-ISRAEL is only required to check if you’re
using the service provided by BEZEQ network in Israel.
Connection Type
Please select the connection type of Internet connection you
wish to use, please refer to last section for detailed descriptions.
Idle Time Out
Please input the idle time out of Internet connection you wish to
use, and refer to last section for detailed descriptions.
When you finish with all settings, please click NEXT.
L2TP
L2TP is another connection method for Internet. All required settings are same as PPTP
connection. Like PPTP, there are two types of required settings. Start from “WAN Interface
Settings”:
Select the type of how you obtain IP address from your service provider here. You can choose
“Obtain an IP address automatically, or “Use the following IP address” (i.e. static IP address) for
IP and DNS address. WAN interface settings must be correctly set, or the Internet connection
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will fail even those settings of L2TP settings are correct. Please contact your Internet service
provider if you don’t know what you should fill in these fields.
Now please go to L2TP settings section:
Parameter
Description
User Name
Please input user name assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
Password
Please input the password assigned by your Internet service
provider here.
L2TP Gateway
Please input the IP address of L2TP gateway
assigned by your Internet service provider here.
MTU
Please input the MTU value of your network connection here. If
you don’t know, you can use default value.
Connection Type
Please select the connection type of Internet connection you
wish to use, please refer to last section for detailed descriptions.
Idle Time Out
Please input the idle time out of Internet connection you wish to
use, and refer to last section for detailed descriptions.
When you finish with all settings, please click NEXT.
Telstra Big Pond
This setting only works when you are using Telstra Big Pond’s network service in Australia. You
need to input:
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Parameter
Description
User Name
Please input user name assigned by Telstra.
Password
Please input the password assigned by Telstra.
Assign login server manually
Check this box to choose login server by yourself.
Server IP Address
Please input the IP address of login server here.
When you finish with all settings, please click NEXT.
Step 3 Keep the default LAN IP and DHCP server settings or modify as needed. Click NEXT.
Step 4 Keep the default SSID (wireless network name) or change it to a desired name, so you
can always recognize your wireless network with it. Click NEXT.
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Parameter
Description
Band
Please select the radio band from one of the following options.
2.4GHz (B): 2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b wireless network client
to connect to this router (maximum transfer rate 11Mbps).
2.4 GHz (N): 2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11n wireless network client
to connect to this router (maximum transfer rate 300Mbps).
2.4 GHz (B+G):2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b and 802.11g wireless
network client to connect to this router (maximum transfer rate 11Mbps
for 802.11b clients, and maximum 54Mbps for 802.11g clients).
2.4 GHz (G): 2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11g wireless network client
to connect to this router (maximum transfer rate 54Mbps).
2.4 GHz (B+G+N): 2.4GHz band, allows 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n
wireless network client to connect this router (maximum transfer rate
11Mbps for 802.11b clients, maximum 54Mbps for 802.11g clients, and
maximum 300Mbps for 802.11n clients).
SSID
This is the name of the wireless network. You can type any
alphanumerical characters here, maximum 32 characters. SSID is used
to identify your own wireless router from others when there are multiple
wireless routers in the same area. The default SSID is ‘airlink101’; it’s
recommended to change it to a name that you can identify, such as
myhome, office_room1, etc.
Channel Number
Select a channel from the dropdown list of ‘Channel Number’ for
broadcasting. You can choose any channel number you want to use, and
almost all wireless clients can locate the channel you’re using
automatically without any problem. However, it’s still useful to remember
the channel number you use, some wireless client supports manual
channel number selecting, and this would help in certain scenario when
there is some radio communication problem.
Associated Clients
Click “Show Active Clients” button, then an “Active Wireless Client Table”
will pop up. You can see the status of all active wireless stations that are
connecting to the access point.
Step 5 Set up Wireless Security for your router.
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WPA2(AES) is the most secured encryption mode for general users. WEP is the most common
encryption but the least secured. It is recommended to use WPA2(AES) for your wireless
security if all wireless devices on your network support it.
WPA2(AES)
Select WPA pre-shared key for Encryption.
Enter the settings below:
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WPA Unicast Cipher Suite: Select WPA2(AES)
Pre-Shared Key Format: Select Passphrase
Pre-shared Key: Enter a key between 8 to 63 characters (alphanumeric, case sensitive).
This is the security key for your wireless network
Click OK to save the settings.
Note: It is suggested to write down the security settings (Encryption and Key) you configured for
the Router on a piece of paper and keep it for you to add more wireless device to your network
in the future.
Step 6 Click Apply to restart the router.
Step 7 Click OK, you will go back to the Status page with valid IP address assigned by you ISP
(or configured by yourself if you use Static IP) in WAN Status section.
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If each field has valid numbers or IP addresses being assigned, the router is connected to the
Internet.
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3.1 Network
3.1.1 WAN
Use the WAN setting page to change your Internet connection type. The WAN setting page
allows you to configure the Internet connection type of your ISP. The WAN settings offer the
following selections for the router’s WAN port, Dynamic IP, Static IP, PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP and
Telstra Big Pond. Please choose one type and complete the detail settings below.
Please see Step 2 in the previous chapter, 3.0 Setup Wizard for the detailed description of
each WAN type.
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3.1.2 LAN
This page allows you to specify an IP address for your router, configure the DHCP Server and
Static DHCP Lease Table.
¾ LAN IP section
Parameters
IP address
Subnet Mask
802.1d Spanning Tree
DHCP Server
Default
192.168.2.1
255.255.255.0
Disable
Enable
Description
This is the router’s LAN IP address (Your LAN clients’
default gateway IP address).
Specify a Subnet Mask for your LAN segment.
If you wish to activate 802.1d spanning tree function,
select “Enabled”, or set it to “Disabled”
If 802.1d Spanning Tree function is enabled, this router
will use the spanning tree protocol to prevent from
network loop happened in the LAN ports.
By enabling the DHCP server, the router will
automatically give your LAN clients an IP address. If the
DHCP server is not enabled then you’ll have to manually
set your LAN client’s IP addresses; make sure the LAN
Client is in the same subnet as this broadband router if
you want the router to be your LAN client’s default
gateway.
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¾ DHCP Server section
Parameters
Description
Lease Time
Please choose a lease time (the duration that every
computer can keep a specific IP address) of every IP
address assigned by this router from dropdown menu.
DHCP Client Start IP
Please input the start IP address of the IP range.
DHCP Client End IP
Please input the end IP address of the IP range.
Domain Name
If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain
name for your network. This is optional.
¾ Static DHCP Lease Table section
This function allows you to assign a static IP address to a specific computer forever, so you
don’t have to manually set the IP address for a computer, and still enjoy the benefit of using
DHCP server. Maximum 16 static IP addresses can be assigned here. (If you set “Lease Time”
to forever in DHCP Server section, you can assign an IP address to a specific computer
permanently).
Parameters
Description
Enable Static DHCP Leases
Check this box to enable this function, otherwise DHCP
uncheck it to disable this function.
MAC Address
Input the MAC address of the computer or network
device (total 12 characters, with character from 0 to 9,
and from a to f, like “00:11:22:aa:bb:cc”)
IP address
Input the IP address you want to assign to this computer
or network device
Add
After you entered MAC address and IP address pair,
click this button to add the pair to static DHCP leases
table.
After you clicked “Add”, the MAC address and IP address mapping will be added to “Static
DHCP Lease Table” section.
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If you want to delete a specific item, please check the “Select” box of a MAC address and IP
address mapping, then click “Delete” button. If you want to delete all mappings, click “Delete
All”.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.1.3 NAT / Static Routing
Network address translations (NAT) shares a single public IP address to multiple computers. All
computers must be assigned a valid public IP address to be able to get connected to Internet,
but Internet service providers provide very few public IP addresses to each user based on
service plans, usually 1 for each household. Therefore, it’s necessary to use NAT technology to
share a single Internet IP address to multiple computers on a same local network, so everyone
can get connected to Internet.
The NAT function is enabled by default; to disable it, you need to enable Static Routing by
checking the “Enable Static Routing” box. Do not disable NAT unless you have professional
knowledge on routing.
Please follow the following instructions to set Static Routing parameters:
Parameter
Description
Enable Static Routing
Check/uncheck to disable/enable the NAT function.
Destination LAN IP
Enter the IP Address of the destination LAN.
Subnet Mask
Enter the Subnet Mask of the destination LAN.
Default Gateway
This is the gateway IP Address where packets are sent. Input
the gateway IP Address.
Hop Count
Enter the maximum number of steps between network nodes
that data packets will travel. A node is any device on the
network, such as a computer, print server, or router.
Interface
This interface tells you whether the Destination IP Address is on
the LAN & Wireless (Ethernet and wireless networks) or the
WAN (Internet).
Add
Click on Add to add the routing rule to Router’s routing table.
Reset
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to clear all data you entered.
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From the Current Static Routing Table, you can check each Static Routing setting.
Parameter
Description
Delete
If you want to delete a setting, check the ‘select’ box of the
setting you want to delete, then click ‘Delete’ button. (You can
select more than one setting).
Delete All
If you want to delete all settings listed here, please click ‘Delete
All’ button.
Reset
You can also click ‘Reset’ button unselect all.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.1.4 DDNS
DDNS allows you to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address. You must get an
account, password and a static domain name from a DDNS service provider. This router
supports DynDNS (www.dyndns.org), and TZO (www.tzo.com).
Parameters
Dynamic DNS
Default
Disable
Description
Enable/Disable the DDNS function of this router.
Provider
Select a DDNS service provider.
Domain name
Your static domain name that use DDNS.
Account
The account/username that your DDNS service provider
assigned to you.
Password/Key
The password you set for the DDNS service account
above.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.2 Wireless
3.2.1 Basic Settings
You can set parameters that are used for wireless clients to connect to this router. The
parameters include SSID, Channel Number, etc.
Parameters
Band
Default
2.4 GHz (B+G+N)
Description
Please select the radio band from one of the following
options.
2.4GHz(B): 2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b wireless
network client to connect this router (maximum transfer
rate 11Mbps*).
2.4 GHz (N): 2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11n wireless
network client to connect this router (maximum transfer
rate 300Mbps*).
2.4 GHz (B+G):2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11b and
802.11g wireless network client to connect this router
(maximum transfer rate 11Mbps for 802.11b clients, and
maximum 54Mbps for 802.11g clients*).
2.4 GHz (G): 2.4GHz band, only allows 802.11g wireless
network client to connect this router (maximum transfer
rate 54Mbps*).
2.4 GHz (B+G+N): 2.4GHz band, allows 802.11b,
802.11g, and 802.11n wireless network client to connect
this router (maximum transfer rate 11Mbps for 802.11b
clients, maximum 54Mbps for 802.11g clients, and
maximum 300Mbps for 802.11n clients*).
SSID
airlink101
This is the name of your wireless network. You can type
any alphanumerical characters here, maximum 32
characters. SSID is used to identify your own wireless
router from others when there are other wireless routers
in the same area. It’s recommended to change default
SSID value to the one which is meaningful to you, like
myhome, office_room1, etc.
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Channel Number
Show Active Clients
6
Please select a channel from the dropdown list of
‘Channel Number’ for broadcasting. You can choose any
channel number you want to use, and almost all wireless
clients can locate the channel you’re using automatically
without any problem. However, it’s still useful to
remember the channel number you use, some wireless
client supports manual channel number select, and this
would help in certain scenario when there is some radio
communication problem.
Click “Show Active Clients” button, then an “Active
Wireless Client Table” will pop up. You can see the
status of all active wireless clients that are connecting to
the Router.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.2.2 Wireless Security
The AR685W Wireless N 300 Green Router provides complete wireless LAN security
functions, including WEP, IEEE 802.11x, WPA-PSK and WPA with RADIUS. With these
security functions, you can prevent your wireless LAN from illegal access. Please make
sure your wireless clients use the same security settings.
Parameters
Default
Description
Encryption
You can choose Disable, WEP, WPA pre-share key,
WPA RADIUS for encryption mode. The detailed
settings will appear after you choose an encryption.
See 3.2.2.1 to 3.2.2.3 for each encryption type.
Enable 802.1x Authentication
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user
must use a valid account to login to this Access Point
before accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is
processed by a RADIUS server. Check this box to
authenticates user by IEEE 802.1x.
After you finish with all security settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.2.2.1 WEP
Select “WEP” for the “Encryption” mode if you wish to use WEP to encrypt your wireless
network.
Note: When you select WEP as the security mode under B+G+N or N+G mode, the system will
pop up a warning message: IEEE802.11n standard only accepts AES encryption. If you choose
other option, the data rate will drop to 54Mbps (G Mode). Please be aware that if you wish to
run the router at 11N speed (300Mbps), you must use WPA or WPA2 AES encryption.
Parameters
Description
Key Length
You can select the WEP key length for encryption, 64-bit or 128bit. Larger WEP key length will provide higher level of security,
but the throughput will be lower.
Key Format
You may select to select ASCII Characters (alphanumeric
format) or Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range)
to be the WEP Key.
Default Tx Key
You can set up to four sets of WEP key, and you can decide
which key is being used by default here. If you don’t know which
one you should use, select ‘Key 1’.
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Encryption Key 1~4
The WEP key are used to encrypt data transmitted in the
wireless network. Fill the text box by following the rules below.
64-bit WEP: input 10-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “09” range) or 5-digit ASCII character as the encryption keys.
128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “09” range) or 13-digit ASCII characters as the encryption keys.
3.2.2.2 WPA Pre-share Key
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is more secured than WEP. WPA uses a pre-shared key to
authenticate wireless stations and encrypt data during communication. It uses AES or TKIP to
change the encryption key frequently (AES is more secured than TKIP), so it is not easy to be
broken by hackers. This encryption can highly improve network security.
Select “WPA Pre-share Key” for the “Encryption” mode if you wish to use WPA Pre-share Key to
encrypt your wireless network.
Please note that if you select WPA(TKIP) rather than WPA2(AES) under B+G+N or N+G mode,
the system will pop up a warning message: IEEE802.11n standard only accepts AES
encryption. If you choose other option, the data rate will drop to 54Mbps (G Mode).
Please be aware that if you wish to run the router at 11N speed (300Mbps), you must use
WPA2(AES) encryption.
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Parameters
Description
WPA Unicast Cipher Suite
Available options are: WPA(TKIP) and WPA2(AES). Please
make sure your wireless client supports the cipher you selected.
Pre-shared Key Format
You may select Passphrase (alphanumeric format) or Hex (in the
“A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) to be the Pre-shared Key.
Pre-shared Key
The Pre-shared key is used to authenticate and encrypt data
transmitted in the wireless network. You may create your own
key here for wireless clients to connect to your router.
3.2.2.3 WPA RADIUS
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid account to login to this
wireless router before accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is processed by a
RADIUS server. This mode only authenticates user by IEEE 802.1x, but it does not encryption
the data during communication.
Select “WPA RADIUS” for the “Encryption” mode if you wish to use WPA RADIUS to encrypt
your wireless network.
Parameters
Description
WPA Unicast Cipher Suite
Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.
Available options are: WPA (TKIP) and WPA2 (AES). You can
select one of them, but you have to make sure your wireless
client support the cipher you selected.
RADIUS Server IP Address
Please input the IP address of your Radius authentication server
here.
RADIUS Server Port
Please input the port number of your Radius authentication
server here. Default setting is 1812.
RADIUS Server Password
Please input the password of your Radius authentication server
here.
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3.2.3 MAC Control
This function will help you to prevent unauthorized users from connecting to your wireless
router. Only those wireless devices with the MAC addresses you specified here are allowed to
access your wireless router. You can use this function with other security measures described in
previous section together to enhance the safety of your wireless network.
Up to 20 MAC addresses can be added by using this function.
Parameters
Description
Enable MAC Control
Check/Uncheck to enable/disable wireless MAC control.
MAC Address
Input the MAC address of your wireless devices here,
format ‘xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx’.
Comment
You can input any text here as the comment of this MAC
address, like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’ or anything.
Add
Click “Add” button to add the MAC address and
associated comment to the MAC address filtering table.
Clear
Click “Clear” to remove the value you inputted in MAC
address and comment field.
Delete
If you want to delete a specific MAC address entry,
check the ‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to
delete, then click ‘Delete’ button. (You can select more
than one MAC addresses).
Delete All
If you want to delete all MAC addresses listed here,
please click ‘Delete All’ button.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
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After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.2.4 Advanced Settings
You can set advanced wireless LAN parameters of this router. The parameters include
Authentication Type, Fragment Threshold, RTS Threshold, Beacon Interval, Preamble Type, etc.
It is suggested not to change these parameters unless you know what effect the changes will
have on this router.
Parameters
Description
Fragment Threshold
“Fragment Threshold” specifies the maximum size of packet
during the fragmentation of data to be transmitted. The default
value is 2346.
RTS Threshold
When the packet size is smaller than the RTS threshold, the
wireless router will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send this
packet.
Beacon Interval
The interval of time that this wireless router broadcast a beacon.
Beacon is used to synchronize the wireless network.
DTIM Period
Set the DTIM period of wireless radio. Do not modify default
value if you don’t know what it is, default value is 3.
Data Rate
Set the wireless data transfer rate to a certain value. Since most
of wireless devices will negotiate with each other and pick a
proper data transfer rate automatically, it’s not necessary to
change this value unless you know what will happen after
modification.
N Data Rate
Same as above, but only for 802.11n clients.
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Channel Width
Set channel width of wireless radio. Do not modify default value
if you don’t know what it is, default setting is ‘Auto 20/40 MHz’.
Preamble Type
The “Long Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN
compatibility while the “Short Preamble” can provide better
wireless LAN performance.
Broadcast ESSID
Decide if the wireless router will broadcast its own ESSID or not.
You can hide the ESSID of your wireless router by selecting
“Disable”
CTS Protect
It is recommended to enable the protection mechanism. This
mechanism can decrease the rate of data collision between
802.11b and 802.11g/802.11n wireless stations. When the
protection mode is enabled, the throughput of the AP will be a
little lower due to many of frame traffic should be transmitted.
Tx Power
You can set the output power of wireless radio. Unless you are
using this wireless router in a really big space, you may not have
to set output power to 100%. This will enhance security
(malicious / unknown users in distance will not be able to reach
your wireless router).
WMM
The short of Wi-Fi MultiMedia, it will enhance the data transfer
performance of multimedia contents when they are being
transferred over wireless network. The default value is “Disable”.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.2.5 WPS
The Airlink101 Wireless N 300 Green Router AR685W has a built-in Easy Setup Button which
allows you to connect your wireless computer with the router easily and safely. Your wireless
adapter must support this feature as well. If not, you will need to set up the wireless security
manually and you can skip this section.
Please make sure this feature is enabled on the Router (see the screenshot above). In the
instructions below, we are going to use the Airlink101 WLAN Monitor utility comes with the
AWLL6077v2 Airlink101 Wireless N 300 USB Adapter as an example.
Step 1 Go to the computer with Airlink101 Wireless N 300 USB adapter, AWLL6077v2
connected.
Step 2 Push and hold the WPS Button on the Adapter until you see the following window pops
up on the computer monitor.
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Step 3 Within the following 2 minutes, push the WPS Button the Router. The WLAN LED will
stay solid green instead of blinking.
Step 4 The Router will now start the handshake with the wireless adapter which will take about
30 seconds. When you see the window similar to the one below, the connection has been
established.
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Parameters
Description
Enable WPS
Check this box to enable WPS function, uncheck it to disable
WPS.
WPS Information
WPS-related system information will be displayed here:
WPS Status: If the wireless security (encryption) function of this
wireless router is properly set, you’ll see “Configured” message
here. If wireless security function has not been set, you’ll see
“unConfigured”.
PinCode Self: This is the WPS PIN code of this wireless router.
This code is useful when you need to build wireless connection
by WPS with other WPS-enabled wireless devices.
SSID: The SSID of this wireless router will be displayed here.
Authentication Mode: The wireless security authentication mode
of this wireless router will be displayed here. If you don t enable
security function of the wireless router before WPS is activated,
the router will auto set the security to WPA (AES) and generate a
set of passphrase key for WPS connection.
Passphrase Key: The wireless security key of the router will be
displayed here.
Config Mode
There are “Registrar” and “Enrollee” modes for the WPS
connection. When “Registrar” is enabled, the wireless clients will
follow the router’s wireless settings for WPS connection. When
“Enrollee” mode is enabled, the router will follow the wireless
settings of wireless client for WPS connection.
Configure by Push Button
Click “Start PBC” to start Push-Button style WPS setup
procedure. This wireless router will wait for WPS requests from
wireless clients for 2 minutes. The “WLAN” LED on the wireless
router will be steady on for 2 minutes when this wireless router is
waiting for incoming WPS request.
Configure by Client PinCode
Please input the PIN code of the wireless client you wish to
connect, and click “Start PIN” button. The “WLAN” LED on the
wireless router will be steady on when this wireless router is
waiting for incoming WPS request.
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3.3 Application & Gaming
3.3.1 Virtual Server (Port Forwarding)
The Virtual Server allows you to re-direct a particular range of service port numbers (from the
Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address. It helps you to host some servers behind
the router NAT firewall.
Parameter
Description
Enable Virtual Server
Enable Virtual Server (Port Forwarding)
Private IP
This is the private IP address of the server behind the NAT
firewall. Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a
fixed/static IP address for Virtual Server to work properly.
Computer Name
Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the
router will be listed here. If you do not see any computer after
you click on the drop-down menu, select the option “Refresh”
and you will be given a list of computers that are connected to
your network. You can easily select the computer name without
checking the IP address of the computer.
Private Port
Input the port number of the IP address which provides Internet
service.
Type
This is the protocol type to be forwarded. You can choose to
forward “TCP” or “UDP” packets only or select “both” to forward
both “TCP” and “UDP” packets.
Public Port
Input the port number of Internet IP address which will be
redirected to the port number of local IP address defined above.
Comment
The description of this setting.
Current Virtual Server Table
From the table, you can check each Virtual Server setting.
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Delete
If you want to delete a setting, check the ‘select’ box of the
setting you want to delete, then click ‘Delete’ button. (You can
select more than one setting).
Delete All
If you want to delete all settings listed here, please click ‘Delete
All’ button.
Reset
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.3.2 Special Applications (Port Triggering)
Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet gaming, video conferencing,
Internet telephony and others. These applications cannot work with simple Network Address
Translation (NAT) rules. In this page, you can configure the Router to open certain TCP or UDP
ports in order to make these applications work. Note: The range of the router ports is 1 to
65535.
Parameter
Description
Enable Special Applications
Check to enable Special Applications, or uncheck to disable.
IP Address
This is the private IP of the computer/server behind the NAT
firewall. Note: You need to give your PC a fixed/static IP
address for Special Applications to work properly.
Computer Name
This is the computer that you need to enable the Special
Application function. Select a PC from here if you do not know
its IP address and click on the << button to add the IP address
to the left blank. If you do not see any computer after you click
on the drop-down menu, select the option “Refresh” and you will
be given a list of computers that are connected to your network.
TCP/UDP Port to Open
This is the TCP/UDP ports you want to trigger. Type in a range
of TCP/UDP ports to be triggered. For instance, “5000-5300” or
“9091, 9093-9100”, depending on your special application’s
requirement.
Comment
The description of this setting.
Popular Application
This list includes many popular applications you may be using.
Select the application you want to use and click on the Add
button next to it; you will see the proper port numbers added to
the “TCP/UDP Port to Open” blank.
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Add (in red box)
Click on Add button in the red box to save the Special
Application rule you set into the Current Trigger-Port Table.
From the Current Trigger-Port Table, you can select each Special Application setting by checking the
“Select” checkbox.
Parameter
Description
Delete
If you want to delete a setting, check the ‘select’ box of the
setting you want to delete, then click ‘Delete’ button. (You can
select more than one setting).
Delete All
If you want to delete all settings listed here, please click ‘Delete
All’ button.
Reset
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.3.3 DMZ
If you have a local client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e.g. Games) properly from
behind the NAT firewall, then you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way Internet access
by defining a DMZ Host. The DMZ function allows you to re-direct all packets going to your
WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN.
Parameter
Description
Enable DMZ
Check/uncheck to enable/disable DMZ.
Public IP
You can select “Dynamic IP” or “Static IP” here. If you select “Dynamic
IP”, you have to select an Internet connection session from drop down
menu; if you select “Static IP”, please input the IP address that you want
to map to a specific private IP address.
Client PC IP address
Please input the private IP address that the Internet IP address will be
mapped to.
Computer Name
Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router will be
listed here. You can easily select the computer name without checking
the IP address of the computer. If you do not see any computer after you
click on the drop-down menu, select the option “Refresh” and you will be
given a list of computers that are connected to your network.
Add
Click “Add” button to add the public IP address and associated private IP
address to the DMZ table.
Reset
Click “Reset” to remove the value you inputted in Public IP address and
Client PC IP address field.
Current DMZ Table
From the table, you can check each DMZ setting.
Delete
If you want to delete a setting, check the ‘select’ box of the setting you
want to delete, then click ‘Delete’ button. (You can select more than one
setting).
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Delete All
If you want to delete all settings listed here, please click ‘Delete All’
button.
Reset
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.3.4 ALG Settings
Application Layer Gateway (ALG) is a special function of this router. It includes many preset
routing rules for numerous applications which require special support. With these supports,
those applications which required special support will be able to work with NAT architecture.
There are many applications listed here. Please check the box of the special support for
applications you need.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.3.5 QoS
Quality of service, QoS provides an efficient way for computers on the network to share the
internet bandwidth with a promised quality of internet service. Without QoS, all computers and
devices on the network will compete with each other to get Internet bandwidth, and some
applications which require guaranteed bandwidth (like video streaming and network telephone)
will be affected, therefore an unpleasing result will occur, like the interruption of video / audio
transfer.
With this function, you can limit the maximum bandwidth or give a guaranteed bandwidth for a
specific computer, to avoid said unpleasing result from happening.
Parameter
Description
Enable QoS
Check this box to enable QoS, and uncheck this box to disable
QoS.
Total Download Bandwidth
You can set the limit of total download bandwidth in kbits. To
disable download bandwidth limitation, input 0 here.
Total Upload Bandwidth
You can set the limit of total upload bandwidth in kbits. To
disable upload bandwidth limitation, input 0 here.
Current QoS Table
From the table, you can check each QoS rule setting.
Add
Click “Add” button to add a new QoS rule, see section 3.3.5.1
“Add a new QoS rule” below.
Edit
If you want to modify the content of a specific rule, please check
its “Select” box, then click “Edit” button. Only one rule should be
selected a time! If you didn’t select a rule before clicking “Edit”
button, you’ll be prompted to add a new rule.
Delete
If you want to delete a setting, check the ‘select’ box of the
setting you want to delete, then click ‘Delete’ button. (You can
select more than one setting).
Delete All
If you want to delete all settings listed here, please click ‘Delete
All’ button.
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Move Up
You can raise the priority of the QoS rule you selected by
clicking this button.
Move Down
You can lower the priority of the QoS rule you selected by
clicking this button.
3.3.5.1 Add a new QoS rule
After you click “Add” button on QoS page, the following message will appear:
Parameter
Rule Name
Description
Please give a name to this QoS rule (up to 15 alphanumerical
characters).
Bandwidth
Set the bandwidth limitation of this QoS rule. You have to select the data
direction of this rule (Upload of Download), and the speed of bandwidth
limitation in Kbps, then select the type of QoS: “guarantee” (guaranteed
usable bandwidth for this rule) or “max” (set the maximum bandwidth for
the application allowed by this rule).
Local IP Address
Specify the local (source) IP address that will be affected by this rule.
Please input the starting IP address in the left field, and input the end IP
address in the right field to define a range of IP addresses, or just input
the IP address in the left field to define a single IP address.
Local Port Range
Please input the range of local (source) port numbers that will be
affected by this rule. If you want to apply this rule on port 80 to 90,
please input 80-90; if you want to apply this rule on a single port, just
input the port number, such as 80.
Remote IP Address
Specify the remote (destination) IP address that will be affected by this
rule. Please input the starting IP address in the left field, and input the
end IP address in the right field to define a range of IP addresses, or just
input the IP address in the left field to define a single IP address.
Remote Port Range
Please input the range of remote (destination) port number that will be
affected by this rule. If you want to apply this rule on port 80 to 90,
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please input 80-90; if you want to apply this rule on a single port, just
input the port number, such as 80. If the remote (destination) IP address
and /or port number is universal, just leave it blank.
Traffic Type
Please select the traffic type of this rule, available options are None,
SMTP, HTTP, POP3, and FTP. You can select a specific traffic type for
this rule, if you want to make this rule as a IP address based rule (apply
the limitation on all traffics from / to the specified IP address / port
number), select “None”.
Protocol
Please select the protocol type of this rule, available options are TCP
and UDP. If you dont know what protocol your application uses, please
try “TCP” first, and switch to “UDP” if this rule doesn’t seems to work.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Save” button, you’ll be brought back to previous
menu, and the rule you just set will appear in current QoS table; if you did anything wrong, you’ll
get an error message when you click “Save” button, please correct your input by the instructions
given by the error message.
After you finish with all QoS settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.4 Access Restrictions
This function allows you to configure some Internet access rules for your local computers based
on the IP address, applications, URL or keywords.
3.4.1 IP & Port Filtering
If you want to restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services (e.g. Internet websites,
email, FTP etc.) by their IP addresses, then you can set up the filtering rules here. Entries in this table are
restricted to use certain type of connections from the router. IP filters can be helpful in securing or
restricting your local network.
Parameters
Description
Enable IP & Port Filtering
Check/uncheck to enable/disable the IP & Port Filtering.
Deny/Allow
Please select “Deny” or “Allow” to decide the behavior of IP
filtering table. If you select deny, all IP addresses listed in
filtering table will be denied from connecting to the network; if
you select allow, only IP addresses listed in filtering table will be
able to connect to the network, and all other network devices will
be rejected.
Add PC
Click “Add PC” to add a new IP address to IP filtering table. See
more information below.
Delete
If you want to delete a specific setting, check the ‘select’ box of
the setting you want to delete, then click ‘Delete’ button. (You
can select more than one setting).
Delete All
If you want to delete all settings listed here, please click ‘Delete
All’ button.
Click Add PC to add a new IP address to IP filtering table, up to 20 IP addresses can be added.
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Parameters
Description
Client PC Description
Please input any text to describe this IP address, up to 16
alphanumerical characters.
Client PC IP address
Please input the starting IP address in the left field, and input the
end IP address in the right field to define a range of IP addresses,
or just input the IP address in the left field to define a single IP
address.
Client Service
Please check all services you want to allow or deny this IP
address to use, you can check multiple services.
Protocol
If the service you need is not listed above, you can create a new
service on your own. Please select TCP or UDP, if you’re not
sure, please select “Both”.
Port Range
Please input the port range of new service here. If you want to
specify port 80 to 90, please input “80-90”; if you want to apply
this rule on a single port, just input the port number, such as 80.
Add
When you finish with all settings, please click “Add” to save
settings, you’ll be brought back to previous menu, and the rule
you just set will appear in current IP filtering table.
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After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.4.2 MAC Filtering
If you want to restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services (e.g. Internet
websites, email, FTP etc.) by their MAC addresses, then you can set up the filtering rules here.
Parameters
Description
Enable MAC Filtering
Check this box to enable the MAC filtering function. Please
select “Deny” or “Allow” to decide the behavior of MAC filtering
table. If you select Deny, all MAC addresses listed in filtering
table will be denied from connecting to the network; if you select
Allow, only MAC addresses listed in filtering table will be able to
connect to the network, and all other network devices are
rejected.
Client PC MAC Address
Input the MAC address of the devices you want to filter in format
‘xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx’.
Computer Name
Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the
router will be listed here. You can easily select the computer
name without checking the IP address of the computer. If you do
not see any computer after you click on the drop-down menu,
select the option “Refresh” and you will be given a list of
computers that are connected to your network
Comment
You can input any text here as the comment of this MAC
address, like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’.
Add
Click “Add” button to add the MAC address and associated
comment to the MAC address filtering table.
Reset
Remove all inputted values.
Current MAC Filtering Table
From the table, you can check each MAC Address filter setting.
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Delete
If you want to delete a specific MAC address entry, check the
‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to delete, then click
‘Delete’ button. (You can select more than one MAC addresses).
Delete All
If you want to delete all MAC addresses listed here, please click
‘Delete All’ button.
Reset
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all.
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3.4.3 URL/Keyword Filtering
You can block access to certain websites or web contents from local PCs by entering a full URL address
or just keywords about the web contents. This filter can help parents to manage the Internet usage for
their children (i.e. Parental Control).
Parameter
Description
Enable URL Filtering
Enable/Disable URL Blocking.
URL/Keyword
You can enter the full URL address of a website or any
keyword of certain web contents you want to block.
Current URL Blocking Table
From the table, you can check each URL filter setting.
Delete
If you want to delete a setting, check the ‘select’ box of the
setting you want to delete, then click ‘Delete’ button. (You can
select more than one setting).
Delete All
If you want to delete all settings listed here, please click ‘Delete
All’ button.
Reset
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to unselect all.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.5 Security
3.5.1 Firewall
Excepting NAT, this router also provides firewall function to block malicious intruders from
accessing your computers on local network. These functions include inbound attack prevention,
and block outbound traffics.
The Wireless N 300 Green Router AR685W has built in SPI Firewall which is a type of firewall
that inspects incoming data packets to make sure they correspond to an outgoing request.
Unsolicited and possibly harmful packets are rejected. It is suggested to keep SPI Firewall
enabled.
When you enable “Discard Ping from WAN”, you router will not respond to a “ping” request or to
its WAN interface.
Please select “Enable” or “Disable to enable or disable SPI Firewall and Discard Ping from WAN
function of this router. Click “Apply” to save the settings you made.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.5.2 DoS (Denial-of-Service)
Denial of Service (DoS) is a common attack measure, by transmitting a great amount of data or
request to your Internet IP address and server, the Internet connection will become very slow,
and server may stop responding because it is not capable to handle too much traffics.
This router has a built-in DoS attack prevention mechanism; when you activate it, the router will
stop the DoS attack for you.
Parameter
Description
Ping of Death
Set the threshold of when this DoS prevention mechanism will be
activated. Please check the box of Ping of Death, and input the
frequency of threshold (how many packets per second, minute,
or hour), you can also input the “Burst” value, which means when
this number of “Ping of Death” packet is received in very short
time, this DoS prevention mechanism will be activated.
Discard Ping From WAN
Check the box to discard this ping request to the WAN IP
address of the router.
Port Scan
Many kind of port scan methods are listed here, please check
one or more DoS attack methods you want to prevent.
Sync Flood
Like Ping of Death, you can set the threshold of when this DoS
prevention mechanism will be activated.
Advanced
Settings
Click this button and you can set advanced settings of the
DoS prevention method listed above, please see section 3.5.2.1
‘DoS – Advanced Settings’ below.
3.5.2.1 DoS – Advanced Settings
When you click ‘Advanced Settings’ button in DoS page, the following page will be displayed on
your web browser:
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Parameter
Description
Ping of Death
Set the threshold of when this DoS prevention mechanism will be
activated. Please check the box of Ping of Death, and input the
frequency of threshold (how many packets per second, minute,
or hour), you can also input the ‘Burst’ value, which means when
this number of ‘Ping of Death’ packet is received in very short
time, this DoS prevention mechanism will be activated.
Port Scan
Many kind of port scan methods are listed here, please check
one or more DoS attack methods you want to prevent.
Sync Flood
Like Ping of Death, you can set the threshold of when this DoS
prevention mechanism will be activated.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.5.3 VPN Pass through
Parameter
Description
IPsec pass through
Check this box and the router will enable IPsec packets
pass through the router for VPN connection.
PPTP pass through
Check this box and the router will enable PPTP packets
pass through the router for VPN connection
L2TP pass through
Check this box and the router will enable L2TP packets
pass through the router for VPN connection.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.6 Administration
The Administration page allows you to specify a time zone, to change the system password and
to specify a remote management port, to upgrade firmware, to save/reload configuration
settings, to enable system log, to view the statistics information, and to enable/disable UPnP for
the Router.
3.6.1 Time
Parameter
Description
Current Time
Display the router’s current time. You can manually configure it
or Click on Copy Time from PC.
Enable NTP Update
Check to enable time auto-synchronization through Internet.
Time Zone
You can select your local time zone here. The router will sync
time according to your time zone selection.
Time Server Address
Input the IP address / host name of time server here
Daylight Savings
If the country you live uses daylight saving, please check the
Enable box and choose the duration of daylight saving.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.6.2 Management
3.6.2.1 Password
You can change the password required to log into the Router’s web configuration utility. The
default user name and password are “admin”. It is suggested to change the administrator’s
default password as soon as you start to use the Router, and store it in a safe place. The
password can consist of 0 to 12 alphanumeric characters, and are case sensitive.
Parameters
Description
Current Password
Enter the current password of the router.
New Password
Enter your new password.
Confirmed Password
Enter your new password again for verification purposes.
Note: If you forget your password, you’ll have to reset the router to the
factory default (user name and password are both ‘admin’) by pushing
and holding the reset button on the back of the router for 10 seconds.
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.6.2.2 UPnP
You can select enable or disable UPnP feature here. After you enable the UPnP feature, all
client systems that support UPnP, like Windows Vista, can discover this router automatically.
3.6.2.3 Reset (Reboot)
Click Apply button under the Reset section if you want to reboot the router.
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3.6.3 Remote Management
You can manage this router remotely by enabling the ‘Remote Management’ function.
Parameters
Description
Host Address
Input the IP address of the remote host you wish to initiate a
management access. “0.0.0.0” means any remote IP address. If you
specify an IP address here, then the router will only allow remote access
from this specific IP address.
Port
You can define the port number this router should expect an incoming
request. If you’re providing a web service (default port number is 80), you
should try to use other port number. You can use the default port setting
“8080”, or something like “32245” or “1429”. (Any integer between 1 and
65534)
Enabled
Select the field to start the configuration
After you finish with all settings, please click “Apply” button.
If you want to reset all settings in this page, please click “Cancel” button.
To access your router remotely, you need to enter the router’s WAN IP address in a web
browser with specific port number. For example, your router’s WAN IP address is 67.39.100.32
(you can find the WAN IP address at Status > Internet Connection > IP Address), and the
port number is 8080. You need to go to http://67.39.100.32:8080 to access your router.
After you clicked Apply, the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
You can click “Continue” to back to previous setup page to continue on other setup procedures,
or click “Apply” to reboot the router so the settings will take effect (Please wait for about 30
seconds while router is rebooting).
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3.6.4 Firmware Upgrade
To upgrade the firmware for the Router, you need to download the firmware file and save it to
your local hard disk first. You may need to unzip it if it is a .zip file.
Click NEXT to start the firmware upgrade.
Click on Browse to select the firmware you just downloaded/unzipped, then click APPLY to
start the upgrade process. (You may have to wait a few minutes for the upgrade to complete).
NOTE: Never interrupt the upgrade process by closing the web browser or physically disconnect your
computer from router. If the firmware you uploaded is corrupt, the firmware upgrade will fail, and you may
contact Airlink101 Technical Support for help.
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3.6.5 Configuration Settings
The Configuration Settings screen allows you to save (Backup) the router’s current
configuration setting. Saving the configuration settings provides an added protection and
convenience should problems occur with the router and you have to reset to factory default.
When you save the configuration settings (Backup) you can re-load the saved settings into the
router through the Restore function. If extreme problems occur you can use the Restore to
Factory Default function, this will set all configurations to its original default settings (e.g. when
you first purchased the router).
Parameters
Description
Backup Settings
Click Save button to save the router’s current configuration to a file
named “config.bin” on your PC.
Restore Settings
Click “Browse” button to locate the file you have saved before and click
"Upload” button to restore the saved configuration to the Broadband
router.
Restore to Factory Default
Click Reset button if you want to force the router restore the original
factory settings.
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3.6.6 Log
All important system events and system security are logged. You can use this function to check
the log of your router.
Parameters
Description
Save
Save current event log to a text file.
Clear
Delete all event logs displayed here.
Refresh
Refresh the event log display.
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3.6.7 Statistics
View the statistics of packets sent and received on WAN, LAN and Wireless LAN.
Click Refresh to display the latest information.
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3.7 Status
The Status section allows you to monitor the current status of your router. You can use the
Status page to monitor: the Internet, LAN connection, Wireless status, and the current firmware
version of the Router.
3.7.1 Internet Connection Status
You can use this function to view the status of current Internet connection.
3.7.2 LAN Status
You can use this function to view the LAN status of your router, including TCP/IP setting, DHCP
Server status, and MAC address.
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3.7.3 WLAN (Wireless LAN) Status
You can use this function to show the Wireless LAN status of your router, including ESSID (the
name of your wireless network), Channel number, and Security.
3.7.4 System Status
You can use this function to know the system information and firmware version (Runtime Code
Version) of this router.
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Chapter 4 Troubleshooting
If you have trouble connecting to the Internet, try the following steps:
Step 1 Power off the Cable/DSL modem, router, and computer and wait for 5 minutes.
Step 2 Turn on the Cable/DSL modem and wait for the lights on the modem to settle down.
Step 3 Turn on the router and wait for the lights on the router to settle down.
Step 4 Turn on the computer.
Step 5 Log in to the router and you will see the Internet Connection Status.
Step 6 Verify that the Internet IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway under WAN
Status section have valid numbers assigned to them (instead of all 0’s).
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Technical Support
E-mail: support@airlink101.com
Toll Free: 1-888-746-3238
Website: www.airlink101.com
*Theoretical maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE standard 802.11 specifications. Actual data throughput
will vary. Network conditions and environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, building materials and
construction, mix of wireless products used, radio frequency interference (e.g., cordless telephones and microwaves)
as well as network overhead lower actual data throughput rate. Compatibility with 802.11n devices from other
manufacturers is not guaranteed. Specifications are subject to change without notice. Photo of product may not
reflect actual content. All products and trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Copyright© 2011
Airlink101®
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