Airstream INTERNATIONAL CCD Automobile User Manual

OWNERS
AIRSTREAM MANUAL
INTERNATIONAL
CCD
A TRAILERING GUIDE
INTRODUCTION
2008 INTERNATIONAL
The Owners Manual for your new Airstream trailer is designed to respond to the most
frequent inquiries regarding the operation, function and care of the many systems that
make modern trailering a joy.
Airstream realizes our customers possess varying degrees of expertise in the area of
repairing and maintaining the appliances in their trailer. For this reason, the service
and trouble-shooting information found in this manual is directed toward those with
average mechanical skills.
We also realize you may be more familiar in one area than you are in another. Only you
know your capabilities and limitations. We want you to use this manual, and hope you
will find the information contained in it useful, however, should you ever feel you may
be “getting in over your head” please see your dealer to have the repairs made.
A brief explanation of the operation of the appliances such as refrigerator, furnace,
water heater and others are explained in this manual. However, you will also find
the manufacturer’s information supplied in a packet included with this manual
more detailed.
All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on
the latest product information available at the time of publication approval. If and when
new materials and production techniques are developed which can improve the quality
of its product, or material substitutions are necessary due to availability, Airstream
reserves the right to make such changes.
We have provided many important safety messages in this manual. Always read and
obey all safety messages.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
INTRODUCTION
vehicle resulting in serious injury or death. Be sure to follow the instructions in this
manual.
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided,
could result in minor or moderate injury.
Mold (See page C-9)
CAUTION used without the safety alert symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
There are mold and mold spores throughout the indoor and outdoor environment. There
situation that, if not avoided, could result in property damage.
is no practical way to eliminate all mold and mold spores in the indoor environment; the
way to control indoor mold growth is to control moisture.
NOTE: Important information regarding the maintenance of your recreational vehicle.
Towing and Weight Distribution (See section B, B-1-B-13)
(Optional)
This denotes items that may be an option on all or particular models. Additionally,
some optional items can only be included during the manufacturing phase and cannot
be added.
The inclusion of optional items does not imply or suggest the availability, application
suitability, or inclusion for any specific unit.
Important Safety Precautions
Weight distribution is an important factor when loading your travel trailer. A recreational
vehicle with the cargo distributed properly will result in efficient, trouble-free towing.
Be sure to follow the instructions in this manual.
Formaldehyde (See Chemical Sensitivity; Ventilation Section on next page)
Formaldehyde is an important chemical used widely by industry to manufacture building
materials and numerous household products. It is also a by-product of combustion
You’ll find many safety recommendations on this page and throughout this manual.
and certain other natural processes. Thus, it may be present inside the trailer with
The recommendations on the next two pages are the ones we consider to be the most
some individuals being sensitive to it. Ventilation of the unit normally reduces the
important. They are covered in depth in later sections of this manual.
exposure to a comfortable level.
Do Not Allow Passengers to Ride in the Trailer During Travel
Lug Nut Torquing (See page D-7)
The transport of people puts their lives at risk and may be illegal. The trailer does not
Being sure wheel mounting nuts (lug nuts) on trailer wheels are tight and properly
have seat belts, therefore, it is not designed to carry passengers.
torqued is an important responsibility that trailer owners and users need to be familiar
with and practice. Inadequate and/or inappropriate wheel nut torque (tightness) is
Reducing Fishtailing or Sway (See page C-10)
a major reason that lug nuts loosen in service. Loose lug nuts can rapidly lead to a
wheel separation with potentially serious safety consequences. Be sure to follow the
Sway or fishtailing is the sideways action of a trailer caused by external forces.
Excessive sway of your travel trailer can lead to the rollover of the trailer and tow
instructions in this manual.
INTRODUCTION
2008 INTERNATIONAL
Appliances and Equipment (See section F, pages 1-4)
Chemical Sensitivity; Ventilation
The appliances (stove, refrigerator, outdoor grills, etc.) and equipment (hot water
Chemical Sensitivity
heater, furnace generator, etc.) typically operate on propane gas. Propane gas is
flammable and is contained under high pressure. Improper use may result in a fire
After you first purchase your new recreational vehicle and sometimes after it has been
and/or explosion. Be sure to follow all instructions and warnings in this manual as well
closed up for an extended period of time you may notice a strong odor and chemical
as the specific owners’ manuals of the appliances and equipment.
sensitivity. This is not a defect in your recreational vehicle. Like your home, there
are many different products used in the construction of recreational vehicles such
Tire Safety
as carpet, linoleum, plywood, insulation, upholstery, etc. Formaldehyde is also the
by-product of combustion and numerous household products, such as some paints,
Properly maintained tires improve the steering, stopping, traction, and load-carrying
coatings and cosmetics. However, recreational vehicles are much smaller than your
capability of your vehicle. Underinflated tires and overloaded vehicles are a major
home and therefore the exchange of air inside a recreational vehicle is significantly less
cause of tire failure. Be sure to read the Tire Safety Manual Addendum included with
than a home. These products, when new or when exposed to elevated temperatures
your owner’s packet.
and/or humidity, may “off-gas” different chemicals, including formaldehyde. This offgassing, in combination with the minimal air exchange, may cause you to experience
irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat and sometimes headache, nausea, and a variety
of asthma-like symptoms. Elderly persons and young children, as well as anyone with
a history of asthma, allergies, or lung problems, may be more susceptible to the effects
of off-gassing.
Formaldehyde
Most of the attention regarding chemical off-gassing surrounds formaldehyde.
Formaldehyde is a naturally occurring substance. It is also a key industrial chemical
used in the manufacture of the numerous consumer products which we referred
to above and used in the construction of recreational vehicles.
Trace levels of
formaldehyde are also released from smoking, cooking, use of soaps and detergents
such as carpet shampoos, cosmetics, and many other household products. Some
people are very sensitive to formaldehyde while others may not have any reaction to
the same levels of formaldehyde. Amounts released decrease over time.
INTRODUCTION
Ventilation
To reduce or lessen exposure to chemicals from off-gassing it is of utmost importance
that you ventilate your recreational vehicle. Ventilation should occur frequently after
purchase and at times when the temperatures and humidity are elevated. Remember
off-gassing is accelerated by heat and humidity. Open windows, exhaust vents, and
doors. Operate ceiling and/or other fans, roof air conditioners, and furnaces and use
a fan to force stale air out and bring fresh air in. Decreasing the flow of air by sealing
the recreational vehicle increases the formaldehyde level in the indoor air. Please
also follow the recommendations contained in Chapter 2 regarding tips to avoid
condensation problems. Many of the recommendations contained in Chapter 2 will
assist in avoiding exposure to chemicals that off-gas.
Do Not Smoke
Finally, we recommend that you do not smoke inside your recreational vehicle. In
addition to causing damage to your recreational vehicle, tobacco smoke releases
formaldehyde and other toxic chemicals.
Medical Advice
If you have any questions regarding the health effects of formaldehyde, please consult
your doctor or local health department.
Warranty Exclusion
Chemical gassing is not a “Defect” in your recreational vehicle and is not covered by
the Limited Warranty. Please follow the recommendations in this manual to address
this concern.
INTRODUCTION
NOTES
2008 INTERNATIONAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A. WARRANTY AND SERVICE
D. EXTERIOR
G. ELECTRICAL
Warranty
Cleaning
12-volt Operation
Warranty Explanation
Chassis
Battery
Service
Windows & Screens
Converter
Reporting Safety Defects
Power Jack
TV Antenna
Maintenance Schedule
Tires
Satellite Antenna
Maintenance Parts & Supplies
Axle and Running Gear
Solar Panel
Electric Brakes
Bathroom Exhaust
Monitor Panel
B. TOWING
E. INTERIOR FURNISHINGS
110-Volt System & Components
AND ACCESSORIES
H. APPLIANCES
Tow Vehicles
Brakes
Fabric Care
Loading
Flooring & Fixtures
Air Conditioner
Weighing your Trailer
Features & Switches
Furnace
Hitching Up
Storage Areas
Range/Oven
Towing Tips
Smoke Alarm
Refrigerator
Pre-Travel Check List
LP Gas Detector
Water Heater
Fire Extinguisher
Roof Vent, High Volume
I. SPECIFICATIONS
C. CAMPING
F. PLUMBING
Camping Safety
Overnight Stop
LP (Liquid Petroleum) Gas
Extended Stay
Water
Leveling & Stabilizing
Water Pump
Hook Ups
Drainage
Winter Traveling
Winterizing
Prolonged Occupancy
Drain and Waste
Condensation
Toilet
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
WARRANTY COVERAGE
(4) Normal maintenance and service items, including but not limited to light bulbs,
fuses, lubricants, sealants and seals, slideout adjustments, door adjustments, and
Airstream, Inc. (“Airstream”) warrants that it will repair or replace defects in mate-
awing tension;
rial or workmanship in any components of a new Airstream trailer purchased from an
(5) After-market equipment or accessories installed on the trailer after completion of
authorized Airstream dealer in the United States or Canada for a period of twenty-four
manufacture by Airstream, or any defects or damage caused by such items;
(24) months from the date the trailer is first delivered to the original retail purchaser. In
(6) Defects or damage caused by, in whole or in part, or in any way related to:
order to obtain coverage under this Limited Warranty, you must notify an authorized
a. Accidents, misuse, or negligence.
Airstream dealership or Airstream of the warrantable defect no later than ten (10) days
b. Failure to comply with the instructions set forth in any owner’s manual
following expiration of this Limited Warranty. Airstream’s obligation to repair or re-
provided with the trailer.
place defective materials or workmanship is the sole obligation of Airstream under this
c. Alteration or modification of the trailer except such alterations or
Limited Warranty. Airstream reserves the right to use new or remanufactured parts of
modifications approved in writing by Airstream.
similar quality to complete any warranty work.
d. Acts of God or other environmental conditions, such as lightning, hail,
salt, or other chemicals in the atmosphere.
LIMITATION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES
e. Failure to properly maintain or service the trailer, including but not limited
to the maintenance of lubricants, sealants, and seals.
IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARISING UNDER APPLICABLE LAW, IF ANY, INCLUDING
f. Condensation and the results of condensation including water damage
BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
and the growth of mold or mildew. Mold and mildew are natural growths
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE HEREBY LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE TERM
given certain environmental conditions and are not covered by the terms of
OF THIS LIMITED WARRANTY. ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
this Limited Warranty.
ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED BY AIRSTREAM.
g. Use of the trailer other than for temporary recreation purposes,
SINCE STATES DO NOT ALLOW
LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE ABOVE
including but not limited to use of the trailer for residential, commercial, or
LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
rental purposes.
h. The addition of weight to the trailer that causes the trailer’s total weight
WHAT IS NOT COVERED BY THIS LIMITED WARRANTY
to exceed applicable trailer weight ratings, or addition of weight causing
improper distribution of the weight of the trailer.
This Limited Warranty does not provide coverage for any of the following:
i. Use of an improper or unauthorized trailer hitch.
j. Failure to seek repairs in a timely manner.
(1) Tires and batteries;
k. Failure to use reasonable efforts to mitigate damage caused by defects.
(2) Any part or component of the trailer that was not manufactured or installed by
Airstream;
(3) Normal deterioration due to wear or exposure, including but not limited to rust and
cosmetic blemishes;
A-1
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
DISCLAIMER OF INCIDENTAL AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
P.O. Box 629
Jackson Center, Ohio 45334-0629
Airstream hereby disclaims any and all incidental and consequential damages arising
Attention: Owner Relations Department
out of or relating to the vehicle, including expenses such as transportation to and
from vehicle dealerships and Airstream repair facilities, loss of time, loss of pay, loss
Airstream may direct you to an authorized Airstream dealer, or may request that you
of use, inconvenience, commercial loss (including lost profits), towing charges, bus
bring your trailer to the Airstream factory in Jackson Center, Ohio for repairs.
fares, vehicle rental, service call charges, gasoline expenses, incidental charges such
as telephone calls and facsimile transmissions, and expenses for lodging.
Airstream does not control the scheduling of repairs at its authorized Airstream dealers, and repairs at the Airstream factory may not be immediately available. Therefore,
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
you may encounter delays in scheduling repairs and/or completion of repairs. All
damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
costs associated with transporting the trailer for any warranty service shall be the sole
responsibility of the owner.
OBTAINING WARRANTY SERVICE
DEALER REPRESENTATIONS EXCLUDED
In order to obtain warranty service under this Limited Warranty, the owner must do all
of the following:
The entire Limited Warranty provided by Airstream is set forth herein. Airstream will not
1. Complete and return the Owner Registration Card within 10 days from delivery of
be responsible for any additional representations or warranties made by any person
the trailer;
or entity other than Airstream, and Airstream’s obligations are solely as set forth in the
2. Notify Airstream or one of its authorized, independent dealers, of any claimed defect
terms and conditions of this Limited Warranty.
within the warranty period or 10 days thereafter;
WARRANTY TRANSFER
3. Provide notification of a defect within 10 days of discovery of that defect; and
4. Promptly return the trailer to an authorized Airstream dealer or Airstream for repairs.
This Limited Warranty is transferable to subsequent owners for the remaining duration
of the warranty period. Transfer of this Limited Warranty is only effective upon comple-
If you believe a defect covered by this Limited Warranty still exists after an attempted
tion and return to Airstream of a transfer application form. Transfer application forms
repair by an authorized Airstream dealer, you must contact Airstream at the following
are available from your dealer or Airstream’s Service Administration Department.
address, specifying: (1) the complete serial number of the trailer; (2) the date of original
CHANGES IN DESIGN
purchase and the date of original delivery; (3) the name of the selling dealer; and (4) the
nature of the problem and the steps or service which have been performed.
Airstream reserves the right to make changes in design and improvements upon its
AIRTREAM, INC.
products from time-to-time, without imposing upon itself any obligation to install ad-
419 West Pike Street
ditional features in your trailer.
A-2
A
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO
mysterious, is always accidental and covered by most insurance policies.
HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
Abuse
AIRSTREAM, INC.
419 West Pike Street
Lack of customer care and/or improper maintenance will result in early failure for which
P.O. Box 629
Airstream cannot be held responsible.
Jackson Center, OH 45334-0629
Exposure
Tele: 937-596-6111
Fax: 937-596-6539
E-mail: www.airstream.com
Not unlike a car, the steel parts of a trailer can and will rust if subjected to prolonged
exposure to moisture, salt air, or corrosive air-borne pollutants without repainting.
EXPLANATION OF AIRSTREAM LIMITED WARRANTY
Aluminum oxidizes when unprotected under similar conditions, and refinery chemicals
of a sulfurous nature are harmful to finishes if not washed off periodically. Extremely hot
The Airstream Limited Warranty is detailed on a Warranty Card. It is filled out by the
or direct sunlight will deteriorate rubber and fade curtains and upholstery. Conditions
dealer and presented to the owner during delivery of a new unit. The Limited Warranty
of this nature, although they may be normal for the area, are beyond Airstream’s control
must be presented to a dealer to obtain warranty service. It should be kept in the trailer
and become the responsibility of the owner.
during the warranty period.
It is the responsibility of the owner to take such preventative measures as are necesEXCLUSIONS:
sary to maintain the exterior caulking and sealer of your unit. It is the responsibility of
the owner to use reasonable, prudent care to prevent foreseeable secondary damage
Normal Wear
from rain, plumbing leaks, and the natural accumulation of moisture in your unit, such
Items such as tires, curtains, upholstery, floor coverings, window, door and vent seals
as a delaminated floor; stained upholstery, carpeting, or drapes; mold formation and
will show wear or may even wear out within the one year warranty period depending
growth; furniture damage, etc. Mold is a natural growth given certain environmental
upon the amount of usage, weather, and atmospheric conditions.
conditions and is not covered by the terms of the Limited Warranty.
Accident
Overload
We strongly urge our dealers and customers to inspect the trailer upon receipt of
Damage due to loading, either beyond capacity or to cause improper towing be-
delivery for any damage caused by accident while being delivered to the dealer, or
cause of improper balance, is beyond Airstream’s responsibility. The Airstream trailer
while it is on the dealer’s lot. Damage of this nature becomes the dealer or customer’s
is engineered to properly handle the gross vehicle load rating on the certification
responsibility upon acceptance of delivery, unless Airstream is notified and the person
label. Load distribution has a definite effect upon the towing characteristics and
making the delivery verifies the damage. Glass breakage, whether obviously struck or
attitudes of the trailer. Level hitch installations are a necessity, and very important
A-3
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
SERVICE:
on a tandem axle trailer. There are limits to the amount of load that can be safely
transported depending upon speed and road conditions, and reasonable cause to
believe these factors have been exceeded could void the Airstream warranty. For
Before leaving the factory, each and every vital part of the trailer is tested for perfor-
additional information on the loading of your trailer, consult your Owner’s Manual or
mance. Each test is signed and certified by an inspector. After the trailer arrives on
gross vehicle weight rating plate.
your dealer’s lot all of these vital parts and systems are again tested. When you take
delivery of your new trailer you will receive a complete check out.
The Airstream axle is manufactured to a tolerance of 1-degree camber and 1/8” toe-in.
These tolerances will only change if the trailer is subjected to abuse, such as dropping
At that time a specified list of performance checks on your trailer equipment will be
off a sharp berm, striking a curb, or hitting a deep hole in the road. Such damage could
conducted and any deficiencies you have experienced since taking delivery will be
be considered as resulting from an accident which risks are not covered under the
corrected.
warranty. Abnormal tire wear and/or wheel alignment resulting from such damage is
Please contact your dealer if you need service. Major service under your Airstream
not covered under the terms of the warranty.
Limited Warranty is available through our nationwide network of Airstream Dealer
Service Centers. An up-to-date list of Dealer Service Centers has been provided with
Chemical Gassing
your new trailer. This list is current as of the date of this publication.
Chemical gassing is not a “Defect” in your recreational vehicle and is not covered by
the Limited Warranty. Please follow the recommendations in this manual to address
Occasionally dealerships change, or new dealers are added who may not appear on
this concern.
this list. For this reason, it is suggested that you contact your local dealer from time
to time and bring your list up to date. He can also provide you with additional copies
if you need them. ALL CENTERS OPERATE ON AN APPOINTMENT BASIS FOR THE
UTMOST EFFICIENCY.
When you require service from the Airstream Factory Service Center, or a Certified
Dealer Service Center, please contact the service manager for an appointment, and
kindly inform him if you are unable to keep the appointment date or wish to change
it. Service may be arranged at the Factory Service Center by contacting the Service
Coordinator at: Airstream Factory Service Center, P.O. Box 629, 419 W. Pike Street,
Jackson Center, Ohio 45334-0629 Phone: 937-596-6111
A-4
A
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect, which could cause a crash or could cause
injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Airstream, Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.
However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your
dealer, or Airstream, Inc.
To contact NHTSA you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888327-4236 (TTY 1-800-424-9153); go to www.safercar.gov; or write to: Administrator,
NHTSA, 400 Seventh St, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20590.
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from www.safercar.
gov.
A-5
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
EVERY 5,000 MILES OR 90 DAYS
WARNING: FAILURE TO MAINTAIN YOUR COACH CAN CAUSE
Exterior Door locks
Lubricate with dry graphite
OPERATION THAT MAY BE HAZARDOUS.
Exterior Hinges
Lubricate with light household oil
Note: See appliance manufacturer’s literature for further information
LPG Hold Down
Lubricate with light household oil
EVERY 1,000 MILES OR 60 DAYS
LPG Regulator
Check bottom vent for obstructions
PREMATURE AND UNEXPECTED PARTS BREAKAGE AND/OR ERRATIC
Escape Window
Check operation of latches and upper hinge.
Main Door Striker Pocket
Coat with paraffin.
*Battery
Check water level
Wheel Lug Nuts
See Chart in Specification Section in this
manual for wheel torque ratings.
Smoke Alarm
Test and replace battery as required.
Break Away Switch
Pull pin and lubricate with household oil
Tires
Check tire pressure (See Specifications).
7-Way Plug
Spray with contact cleaner.
Hitch
Check for loose bolts or unusual wear.
Hitch Ball Latch
Lubricate with non-detergent motor oil
GFI Circuit Breaker
Test and record.
Hitch Ball
Lubricate with hitch ball lube or wheel
bearing grease.
WARNING: WHEEL SEPARATION CAN OCCUR
1. On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 50 miles.
Range Exhaust Hood
Clean fan blades and wash filter.
Roof Vent Elevator Screws
Lubricate with light household oil
Main Door Step
Lubricate moving parts and check.
2. Thereafter, check wheel lugs before each trip.
3. Following winter storage, check before beginning a trip.
4. Following excessive braking, inspect wheel lugs
* As a battery ages and becomes less efficient, the water level should be checked at
See Chart in Specification Section in this manual for wheel torque ratings.
more frequent levels. Checking water level does not apply to Glass Mat Batteries.
A-6
A
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
EVERY YEAR
EVERY 10, 000 MILES OR 6 MONTHS
Brakes
Battery
Inspect, adjust or replace as
nals with petroleum jelly.
necessary
Wheel Bearings
Clean, neutralize and coat termi-
A-Frame, Step
Clean and repack
Wire brush and paint frame at front
and rear.
Tires
Inspect and rotate
LP Bottles
Spare Tire Carrier
Have purged by LP supplier.
Lubricate moving parts.
Seams: Check and reseal exterior seams, windows, lights and vents as needed. Use
Seals, Windows & Door
Acryl-R seam sealer or equivalent.
Clean with mild detergent and coat
with “Slipicone”.
Hitch Coupler and Ball: Check for wear or damage. Assure all parts operate freely.
TV Antenna
Replace any component if worn or damaged.
Lubricate all moving parts with
silicone lubricant.
Exterior
Wax (Do not use an abrasive
cleaner or wax).
Escape Window
Lubricate latches with WD-40.
A-7
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
SUGGESTED MAINTENANCE PARTS AND LUBRICANTS
FUSES
BULBS, EXTERIOR
Radio
ATC 15 Amp
Battery Cable Fuses
SLC 50 Amp
Convenience Light (Dump Valve)
# 53, wedge base
(Canadian approved trailers only)
License Plate, Clearance Lights
# 67
Power Center
20 & 30 amp Automotive fuses
Door Light
# 1141
Battery Disconnect Relay
ATC 5 amp
Tail light
LED
12-VOLT BREAKERS
BULBS, INTERIOR
50 Amp Type 2
Shower, Exterior Compartment
# 1141
Round Ceiling Light
12V-10W
Location: just above the floor on
30 Amp Type 2
roadside interior front end.
20 Amp Type 2
MISCELLANEOUS
To change the bulb in the round ceiling light, first remove the lens assembly. The lens
assembly is spring loaded and pops out of the fixture at its chrome ring. A small screwdriver may be used, be careful not to scratch the chrome and be sure the bulb is cool
Water Hose Gaskets
Wheel Bearing Grease
Extra Hair Pin Clips for Hitch
Grease Seals
Dry Graphite
WD-40 or
before attempting replacement. The bulb inserts into the ballast by two wire prongs.
Grasp the bulb with a piece of cloth and pull it gently straight out from its ballast. Insert
the new bulb, and replace the lens. The lens assembly has two grooves that must be
aligned to the light fixture before snapping the lens back into place.
Equivalent Aerosol Lubricant
WARNING: Always replace the light bulb on an interior or exterior light
Oil Can with 30 Weight Non-Detergent Oil
Silicone Lubricant
Light Household Type Oil
Spray Contact Cleaner
Hitch Ball Lube (May use wheel bearing grease.)
Exterior Seam Sealer
fixture with the correct bulb for that light. Failure to heed this warning could
cause fire, property damage, personal injury, or death.
A-8
A
WARRANTY AND SERVICE
A
MAINTENANCE RECORD
DATE
DEALER
SERVICE PERFORMED
DATE
A-9
DEALER
SERVICE PERFORMED
TOWING
TOW VEHICLE EQUIPMENT
ELECTRIC BRAKES
If you plan to buy a new vehicle to tow your trailer, we suggest that you include in
The brakes are operated by 12 volt current from your tow vehicle and MUST BE
your purchase the towing options offered by most tow vehicle manufacturers. These
HOOKED UP SO THAT YOU HAVE AN INTEGRAL SYSTEM WITH YOUR TOW
include such things as a heavy-duty alternator and radiator, heavy-duty springs (See
VEHICLE BRAKES. To prevent problems and insure satisfactory braking action, install
Note), shock absorbers, transmission cooler, heavy-duty fan and flasher unit and
an electronic controller in line with the brakes in your tow vehicle.
others, depending upon the make of the vehicle.
An electronic controller installed in your tow vehicle will synchronize the trailer brakes
Transmissions may be manual or automatic, but an automatic transmission may pro-
with your tow vehicle brakes. It is designed to apply the trailer brakes with your tow
long your tow vehicle’s life and generally does a better job of controlling engine loads
vehicle brakes.
than the average driver using a manual shift.
Your brake controller should be adjusted to provide for a slight lead of the trailer brakes
Having adequate power is very important when considering the purchase of a new
over the tow vehicle brakes. Follow the directions provided with your controller and
vehicle or the trailer towing capability of your present one. American manufacturers
keep the information for future reference. Don’t be afraid to ask questions! If you don’t
realize more than 30% of the vehicles they sell will be used for towing some type of
understand the directions, have the installer explain the procedures.
trailer. The dealers are provided with guidelines to use when helping a customer decide
on a tow vehicle. The guidelines are not just determined by the power output of the
Due to normal brake lining wear, the brakes and the controller setting should be
engine. The gear ratio of the differential is also a very important part of the guideline.
checked and readjusted, if necessary, during the trailer manufacturer’s recommended
inspection intervals.
Inspect the vehicle’s hitch regularly for loose bolts or nuts, cracked welds, loose ball
Note: Brake lining adjustment should be periodically checked (fully) to be sure trailer
mounts, and worn parts.
brakes are in the same adjustment as the tow vehicles.
New trailerists often carry more food and other supplies than really needed. Remember
that every item you take along is one more thing to stow and adds weight to the total
Properly set adjustments will provide for safe comfortable stops. They will also
load you must pull. Consolidate items in shelves, lockers, and in the refrigerator. It is
help assure optimum brake and tire life for both the tow vehicle and the trailer.
better to have one full and one empty locker, than two half empty ones. Special care
must be taken not to overload the front and rear ends of the trailer.
NOTE: Be realistic when ordering heavy duty springs. Only springs heavy enough to
support your loaded vehicle (not including trailer) are necessary. Too harsh of spring
rate will only shorten the life of the tow vehicle and trailer, and will make your journeys
less enjoyable.
B-1
B
TOWING
IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENTAL SEPARATION of the tow vehicle and the trailer,
the BREAK-AWAY SWITCH will set and lock the trailer brakes for a sufficient length
B
of time to stop the trailer. The switch is activated when the wire attached to it and to
the tow vehicle pulls out the small pin in the front of the unit. THIS PIN SHOULD BE
PULLED OUT, LUBRICATED WITH LIGHT HOUSEHOLD OIL, AND REPLACED EVERY
90 DAYS.
To prevent corrosion within the breakaway switch, pull the switch’s pin straight forward
and spray the inside of the switch through the hole with an electric contact cleaner
(such as Spra-Kleen) and re-insert pin. A drop of light household oil on the groove
near the base of the pin will allow the pin to operate freely. WHEN THE TRAILER IS
CONNECTED TO THE TOW VEHICLE, THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH LOOP SHOULD
BE ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FRAME OF YOUR HITCH. When disconnecting
the trailer from the tow vehicle remove wire loop from the frame. DO NOT REMOVE
PIN FROM SWITCH BECAUSE THIS WILL APPLY THE TRAILER BRAKES.
WARNING: Do not use breakaway switch for parking brake.
7-way Plug Diagram
Black, 12V -
Clearance Lights,
Green
Blank
Brown, Right
Turn
Blue, Brake
Left Turn, Red
12V, White
B-2
TOWING
LOADING
WARNING: Never add items such as generators, heavy toolboxes or
Below is a sample of the weight information chart provided in all Airstream vehicles.
motorcycle racks to the back of the trailer. Weight behind the axle will tend to
This information can be found inside the wardrobe of the vehicle about 60” up from
magnify any sway that may occur when passing trucks or in gusty wind. If a
the floor on the side panel.
heavy generator is mounted on the rear bumper what may have been an almost
unnoticeable sway turns into a severe sway you may not he able to control.
TRAILER WEIGHT INFORMATION
CAUTION: Damage to your trailer caused by mounting heavy objects on the
VIN OR SERIAL NUMBER
rear is considered abuse, and is not covered by warranty.
GVWR (GROSS VEHICULAR WEIGHT RATING) IS THE MAXIMUM WEIGHT OF THIS TRAILER
WHEN FULLY LOADED. IT INCLUDES ALL WEIGHT AT THE TRAILER AXLE(S), AND TOUGUE
OR PIN.
UVW (UNLOADED VEHICLE WEIGHT), IS THE WEIGHT OF THIS TRAILER AS MANUFACTURED
AT THE FACTORY. IT INCLUDES ALL WEIGHT AT THE TRAILER AXLE (S) AND TOUGUE OR PIN.
IF APPLICABLE, IT ALSO INCLUDES FULL GERNERATOR FLUIDS, INCLUDING FUEL, ENGINE
OIL, AND COOLANTS.
CCC (CARGO CARRYING CAPACITY) IS EQUAL TO GVWR MINUS EACH OF THE FOLLOWING:
UVW, FULL FRESH (POTABLE) WATER WEIGHT, (INCLUDING WATER HEATER, FULL PROPANE
WEIGHT.
POUNDS
KILOGRAMS
CARGO CARRYING CAPACITY (CCC) COMPUTATION
GVWR.............................................................................................
MINUS UVW..................................................................................
MINUS FRESH WATER WEIGHT OF GALLONS @ 8.3 LB/GAL
MINUS PROPANE WEIGHT OF GALLONS @ 4.2 LB/GAL
*CCC FOR THIS TRAILER...........................................................
*DEALER INSTALLED EQUIPMENT WILL REDUCE CCC
CONSULT OWNER MANUAL (S) FOR SPECIFIC WEIGHING INSTRUCTIONS
AND TOWING GUIDELINES
CD-133
See specification section in this manual for definition and weight pertaining to this
label.
B-3
B
TOWING
WEIGHING YOUR TRAILER
line with the trailer hitch jack as shown. It should be
so spaced that a short piece of pipe or other round
B
The diagram below shows how to weigh the trailer
piece will lay exactly one foot from the centerline of
on scales.
the jack extension. Place the scales so that another
round piece can be exactly two feet from the centerline of the jack extension in the other direction.
Place a 4 x 4 on the two round pieces and screw
the jack extension down on the top of the 4 x 4 until
the tongue of the trailer is supported by it. Multiply
the scale reading by three. This will be the tongue
weight of your trailer. If you exceed the capacity of
the bathroom scales, increase the two-foot dimension to three or four more feet, but always multiply
When loading heavy objects such as tools, skillets,
cargo must be redistributed forward in order to place
the scale reading by the total number of feet between
irons, and boxes of canned goods, etc. keep them as
some of this weight on the tongue.
the wood and scales.
low as possible - preferably on the floor. Try to hold
additional weight behind the axle to a minimum.
The tongue weight should be in between 10% - 15%
of the trailer’s total weight, but must not exceed the
CAUTION: The allowable personal cargo must
manufacturer’s maximum recommended hitch weight
be distributed in your trailer in such a manner that
of the tow vehicle or hitch. To determine tongue load,
the Gross Axle Weight Rating is not exceeded.
unhitch tow vehicle and place the tongue hitch post
on a scale. The trailer must be properly loaded as de-
To determine this, it is necessary to load all of your
termined above, with your allowable personal cargo
allowable personal cargo and variable weights.
and variable weights.
2 FT.
Then hitch the trailer to the tow vehicle with load
equalizing hitch properly adjusted as shown on the
Used a scale, such as a bathroom scale, that has a
following pages.
lower weight limit than your tongue load to check
the tongue weight by using the following method
Place the trailer on a scale with both axles only on the
Pipe
Bathroom Scale
1 Ft.
Pipe
Wood Support
(see illustration).
scale (see 2). If the weight on the axles exceeds the
axle system G.A.W.R. then some of the personal
Place a piece of wood of approximately the same
thickness as the bathroom scales on the ground in
B-4
Note: Be sure trailer is level when you read scales.
TOWING
HITCHING UP
Percentage of Tongue Load
Sway Control Device
distributed to car and or trailer wheels
Hitching up your trailer is something that will become
Although Airstream has not intruded into the hitch
almost second nature with practice. The following
manufacturers field of expertise and preformed formal
section includes proper hitch load distribution and a
testing, we find the vast majority of Airstream owners
procedure for hitching up.
purchases sway-control devices.
Equalizing Hitch Load Distribution
When passed by large trucks or when exposed to
sudden crosswinds the trailer will be “pushed” and this
When a trailer is hitched up properly to a tow vehicle
action will be felt in the tow vehicle. It’s our understand-
with a load equalizing hitch, approximately 1/3 of the
ing the sway control devices will reduce the amount
trailer’s tongue weight will be on the trailer’s axles and
of movement and make towing more comfortable and
2/3 will be transferred to the tow vehicle, 1/3 of this
add some safety.
weight transfer will be carried by the front wheels and
1/3 by the rear wheels of the tow vehicle (See diagram),
Follow the directions of the sway control manufacturer
Thus, the tire load of each wheel on the tow vehicle will
when having it installed and using it.
be increased by 1/6 of the trailer’s tongue weight. The
tire air pressure of the tow vehicle should be increased
to compensate for this additional weight. Refer to the
vehicle’s owner’s manual for this information.
WARNING: The tongue weight should
he approximately 10% to 14% of the trailer’s total
weight. Under no condition should it exceed the
hitch rating. Your hitch installer should provide your
hitch rating information to you.
B-5
B
TOWING
Steps for Hitching Up
the weight-equalizing hitch distributes the hitch load.
5. Remove the jack pad and stow in the tow vehicle’s
trunk along with the leveling jack and other gear
B
used when stopped.
The following steps are for a typical hitch system
A low hitch ball increases tail wagging tendencies
and are not meant to supercede instructions and
by lowering the nose of the trailer, thus changing the
training provided for the hitch installed on your tow
center of support for the trailer and reducing the weight
CAUTION; Check that the foldaway step is up and
vehicle. Please follow instructions and training pro-
on the four wheels of the tow vehicle. With proper
LOCKED in its store position and that the main door
vided with your hitch and its installer. The next page
hitch installation and hitching up, the bar should have a
is completely closed and the dead bolt LOCKED for
is provided for notes as needed on your hitch.
noticeable amount of the deflection or bending. A little
towing. If they are not locked the constant vibra-
practice with your rig will teach you how far to pull the
tion of travel may cause them to open with possible
1. Jack up the trailer hitch until there is clearance for
bar; you may wish to mark the chain links that match
damage.
the HITCH BALL to slide under. Remove the safety
your rig.
CAUTION; Retract the hitch jack completely for
pin, slide the locking lever forward and raise. Back the
tow vehicle straight back to the hitch. This can best
Always choose level ground for checking correct
maximum ground clearance.
be accomplished through the use of prearranged hand
hookup.
TRAILER WITH THE JACK DOWN.
NEVER TOW YOUR
hitching up by yourself we recommend the use of a
Note: If you’re tow vehicle is equipped with adjustable
6. Move the rig ahead about 50 feet and test the trailer
HOOK-UP VIEW MIRROR.
load leveling air shocks, you must load the tow vehicle
brakes, then check the ground for forgotten objects.
first with typical luggage and passengers and bring it
Regularly check the condition of your tires, air pres-
2. Lower the trailer hitch onto the hitch ball. Then close
back to level. Then attach the trailer and adjust the
sure, and the tightness of your lug nuts.
the locking lever and insert safety pin.
load leveling bars. Otherwise the air shocks on the tow
signals with the help of another person; but if you are
vehicle will overload the rear wheels. Do not use air
3. Now raise the trailer and tow vehicle to the full height
shocks to level tow vehicle and trailer after hitching
of the hitch jack and then attach the LEVELING BARS.
up.
On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25,
and 100 miles. See Chart in Specification Section in
Lever the tension on the bars. Lower the tow vehicle
and trailer.
The hitch ball should be level to slightly higher.
NOTICE! CHECK WHEEL LUGS
Note: Leveling the trailer end to end, then measuring
this manual for wheel torque ratings.
from the ground to the inside top of the ball socket
check wheel lugs before each trip, after excessive
determines hitch ball height for the tow vehicle
braking, and following winter storage.
Readjust leveling bars until this condition is correct by
increasing or decreasing the length the chain engaged
4. Attach the safety chains to the welded portion of the
in “A” frame saddle bracket. Short chain raises hitch
hitch or tow vehicle’s frame, but never to the remov-
ball, longer chain lowers it. A level condition will result
able ball mount. Cross the safety chains under the
in the best balance for towing and steering control as
hitch.
B-6
There after,
TOWING
Notes
B
B-7
TOWING
TOWING TIPS
brake. Don’t turn off the engine. Increase the engine idle speed. Lift the engine hood
and check for fluid leaks at the radiator overflow outlet. Check to see that all drive
B
A few hours of towing practice in a large empty supermarket lot will make pulling your
belts are intact and the fan is turning. If you have a problem have it fixed at the next
trailer over the road much easier. Line out two corners for left and right turns. You may
opportunity. If there is no problem, the light should go off or temperature should come
also use these corners to practice backing and parking.
down within one minute. Proceed on the highway a little slower. Ten minutes later
resume normal driving.
After thoroughly inspecting your hitch, brakes, and tires you should be ready to tow.
WARNING: Never open a radiator cap when the tow vehicle is hot.
Check traffic, signal that you are about to pull away, and start slowly. Look often in your
mirrors, and observe the action of the trailer, then carefully move into the proper lane
Check the coolant level when the vehicle is cool. Read your tow vehicles owner’s
of traffic. Remember that the trailer wheels will not follow the path of the tow vehicle
manual and follow all instructions on the cooling system.
wheels; therefore, WIDER TURNS ARE NECESSARY WHEN TURNING TO THE LEFT
OR TO THE RIGHT.
Tracking
We want every owner to be a safe and courteous driver. On a two-lane road cars may
OBSERVE THAT THE TRACKS MADE BY THE TRAILER WHEELS ARE DISTINCTLY
be lining up behind you because you travel at a lower speed. It is both courteous and
DIFFERENT FROM THOSE MADE BY THE TOW VEHICLE. Studying this will make it
sensible to signal, pull onto the shoulder, and let them pass. Your trailer is designed
easier for you to correct mistakes. Truck or trailer type fender or door grip rear view
to be towed easily at any legal speed, so if you are not careful you may be inclined to
mirrors are a must for maximum visibility and in most states the law requires them.
forget it is there.
The BRAKE CONTROLLER is activated when you apply the brakes of the tow vehicle.
Your tow vehicle brakes will automatically apply the trailer brakes first when properly
adjusted. This will help keep your tow vehicle and trailer in a straight line and make you
stop as if you were driving the tow vehicle alone. If swaying or swerving should occur,
briefly operating the controller separate from the vehicle brakes may help correct the
situation. Practice this maneuver on a clear highway. Don’t wait for an emergency then
grope for the controller.
When trailering you might encounter a temporary cooling system overload during
severe conditions such as hot days when pulling on a long grade, when slowing down
after higher speed driving, or driving long idle periods in traffic jams. If the hot indicator
light comes on, or the temperature gauge indicates overheating and you have your air
conditioner turned on, turn it off. Pull over in a safe place and put on your emergency
B-8
TOWING
Passing
WARNING: On slippery pavement do not
CAUTION: When driving in mud and sand let the
ON FREEWAYS OR EXPRESSWAYS try to pick the
use engine drag to help slow down as this may
momentum carry the rig through. Apply power
lane you want and stay in it. Always maintain plenty
cause the rear wheels of the tow vehicle to skid.
gently and use as little as possible. Stay in the tracks
of space between you and the car ahead, at least the
On icy pavement drive slowly and if you feel the tow
of the vehicle ahead and keep the tow vehicle in the
length of the tow vehicle plus trailer for every ten miles
vehicle skidding gently apply the trailer brakes only.
highest possible gear. If you get stuck it is best to
per hour. Remember that in order to pass another ve-
This will bring the tow vehicle and trailer back into a
tow out the entire rig together without unhitching.
hicle you will need longer to accelerate. You must also
single line. Chains do not help trailer wheels.
allow for the length of the trailer when returning to the
Despite the best hitch you will notice that whenever
right hand lane.
a large bus or truck overtakes your rig the displaced
air first pushes the trailer rear slightly to the right and
then affects the front. It may be necessary to steer very
slightly, momentarily, toward the bus or truck to help
compensate for the sway induced by the passing-vehicle. Do not apply the vehicle brakes, as this can tend
to exaggerate the situation. You may find, however,
that briefly applying the trailer brakes with your manual
control will help eliminate sway.
WARNING: When stopping on a hill or
slope, leaving your tow vehicle in gear is not enough
When going downhill in dry weather, down shift so that
for standstill safety. CHOCK THE TRAILER WHEELS
engine compression will slow the whole rig down. Take
to be double sure. Do not use trailer brakes as park-
dips and depressions in the road slowly and do not
ing brakes.
resume normal driving speeds until you are sure that
the trailer wheels are clear of the dip.
B-9
B
TOWING
Backing Up
ALWAYS TRY TO BACK TO YOUR LEFT BECAUSE THE VISIBILITY IS MUCH BETTER.
(See Illustration) When you don’t make it on the first try it is usually much easier to pull
B
In BACKING UP the important thing to remember is to DO
forward to your original position and start over.
EVERYTHING SLOWLY and to correct immediately if you see
the trailer turning the wrong way. Concentrate on the rear of
If your spouse or traveling companion normally directs you when backing they should
the trailer. With your tow vehicle and trailer in a straight line
position themselves forward of the tow vehicle so the driver can easily see them. Their
back up slowly and turn the bottom of the steering wheel in
directions should always indicate to the driver the direction the rear of the trailer should
the direction you want the trailer to go. Watch out the window
go. A little practice in a parking lot with the person giving directions can save a lot of
or in the mirror until the rear of the trailer is pointing in the
frustration when backing into a campsite.
desired direction. Your vehicle will be following the trailer in
an arc. Straighten the tow vehicle and trailer by turning the
steering wheel more sharply, and then when they are in line,
straighten the steering wheel.
B - 10
TOWING
SUGGESTED PRE-TRAVEL CHECK LIST
13.
Interior
Pull forward some 50 ft., test brakes, and check site for forgotten objects
and cleanliness.
1.
Turn off water pump switch.
2.
Check battery water level.
3.
Close windows and vents.
1. On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 50 miles.
4,
Lock all interior cabinet doors.
2. Thereafter, check wheel lugs before each trip.
5.
Latch refrigerator door. (Seal containers first.)
3. Following winter storage, check before beginning a trip.
6.
Hold down or stack securely all loose, hard and sharp objects.
4. Following excessive braking, inspect wheel lugs
7.
Fasten sliding and foldette doors.
8.
Drain toilet bowl.
9.
Turn off interior lights.
10.
Set table in upright position.
11.
Pull up or retract step.
12.
Lower blinds.
1.
Leave house key with your neighbors
13
Secure and lock main door and dead bolt.
2,
Valuables and important papers should be stored in a safe place.
3,
Newspaper, milk and other deliveries should be discontinued.
4,
Ask the Post Office to hold your mail for you.
5.
Arrange with the telephone company for discontinued or
WARNING: WHEEL SEPARATION CAN OCCUR
See Chart in Specification Section in this manual for wheel torque ratings.
Home
Exterior
1.
Disconnect and stow the electrical hookup cord, the sewer hookup
“vacation service”.
hose (flush out), and the water hookup hose.
6.
Arrange care for your pets.
2.
Turn off gas at LP tanks.
7.
Your lawn, garden and houseplants should be cared for.
3.
Retract stabilizing jacks.
8.
Lock all windows and doors securely. Keep shades open for a lived in look.
4.
Check Hitch: It must be properly attached.
9.
Cover all food to keep out mice and insects.
5.
Check safety chains and breakaway switch cable.
10.
Eliminate all fire hazards. Place matches in a tin box or glass jar.
6.
Fully retract jack. Remove and stow jack stand, foot, or wood block.
11.
Store oil, gasoline, and other flammables properly.
7.
Check clearance, turn signals, and stop lights.
12.
Destroy all newspapers, magazines and oily rags.
8.
Check lug nuts.
13.
Notify police of your departure and return dates.
9.
Check tires for correct pressure.
10.
Check that TV antenna is properly stowed.
11.
Lock main door dead bolt.
12.
Adjust tow vehicle mirrors.
B - 11
B
TOWING
B
Trailer Equipment and Accessories
Motoring Essentials
1.
Water hose, 5/8 in. high pressure, tasteless, odorless, non-toxic,
1.
Display the tow vehicle and trailer registration properly.
(or two 25 ft. sections).
2.
Carry valid drivers license.
2.
“Y” connection for water hose.
3.
In Mexico must have special auto insurance.
3.
The sewer hose with clamp.
4.
Carry an extra set of the ignition and truck keys in a separate pocket, or
4.
Drain cap with hose drain.
5.
Holding tank cleaner and deodorizer.
5.
Keep an operating flashlight with fresh batteries in the glove compartment.
6.
Power cord adapter 30-amp capacity.
6.
Pack so that you can reach the tools and spare tire without completely
7.
50 ft. electric cord, 12-3 wire, 30-ampere capacity.
8.
25 ft. electric cord, 10-3, 30-ampere capacity.
7.
Keep sharp or hard articles securely packed wherever they may be.
9.
Woodblocks for leveling.
8.
Do not packed things in the passenger seating area. You need the
10.
Wheel chocks.
11.
Hydraulic jacks.
9.
Wear easy wash, drip-dry traveling clothes.
12.
Cross type lug wrench.
10.
Do not make your vacation trips a mileage marathon.
13.
Torque Wrench
14.
Quality tire gauge.
11.
Carry a first-aid kit.
15.
Emergency road warning triangle.
12.
Carry your pet’s dish, food, leash, and health and registration papers.
13.
In Canada you’ll need a non-residence liability insurance card, birth
in your wallet.
unpacking.
maximum space for comfort.
Stop and relax frequently.
Personal
1.
certificate and/or Passport.
Tow vehicle insurance to cover you and your family fully along with proof
of insurance.
2.
Try to avoid large amounts of cash. Use Travelers Checks and credit cards.
3.
Confirm reservations.
4.
Have sunglasses, sun block, and bug spray for everyone.
5.
Pack camera and film.
6.
Make a checklist of clothing for everyone, and toilet articles.
7.
Prescribed medications.
8.
Birth certificate, Passport.
9.
Medical insurance cards.
B - 12
TOWING
NOTES
B
B - 13
CAMPING
SAFETY
WARNING: You and all your family should practice escape procedures
Throughout this manual CAUTION and
WARNING notations are used.
so they can be rapidly accomplished even in total darkness. Never block the
interior or exterior access to the emergency escape windows.
Failure to observe CAUTION can damage equipment.
C
WARNING notes
the possibility of personal and/or fatal injury if not observed. As always, safety should
WARNING: Read the directions carefully on the fire extinguisher. If there
be one of your top priorities. Make sure you, and everyone traveling with you is familiar
is any doubt on the operation, you and your family should practice, then replace
with and follows these cautions and warnings.
or recharge the extinguisher. You will find your local fire department or any fire
safety service will be happy to assist you and answer any questions.
ESCAPE WINDOW OPERATION
WARNING: Maintain and check smoke detector per its owner’s manual
recommendations.
Make sure you, and everyone traveling with you can operate the main door and the
emergency exit window(s) rapidly without light. Contemplate other means of escape
WARNING: Always shut off the LP gas when gasoline is added to the
in case the designated exits are blocked. Run frequent emergency drills. The escape
tow vehicle.
windows(s) are identified by red release handles and are opened by lifting up both
latches, then turning the latches toward the center. Push out on the glass and it will
WARNING:
swing clear. The window operation should be checked each trip and the latches
Don’t smoke in bed.
lubricated with WD-40 or equivalent every six months. A loop is provided in the
Keep matches out of reach of small children!
SCREEN RETAINING SPLINE so it can be rapidly removed. Take hold of the loop
Don’t clean with flammable material!
and pull the rubber spline out of the screen frame. The window screen can then be
Keep flammable material away from open flame!
easily pushed out.
We have all heard these warnings many times, but they are still among the leading
WARNING: Learn and practice the escape window operation.
causes of fires.
WARNING: Check the emergency escape route outside your escape
section of this manual.
Other safety information on the LPG system of your trailer is located in the plumbing
window at every stop. At each campsite make sure you have not parked in such
a manner as to block the operation of the escape window by being too close to
trees, fences or other impediments. Scenic views are one reason for traveling,
but don’t park so the beautiful lake or steep cliff is just outside your escape
window. Never park your trailer so the escape windows cannot be easily used
for emergency exits.
C-1
CAMPING
OVERNIGHT STOP
WARNING: Do not park in a manner that would prevent the escape
Airstream owners have parked virtually every place imaginable from filling stations to
windows from opening.
farmlands. In time you’ll develop a knack for spying wonderful little roadside locations
by turning off the main highway and exploring.
Try to pick as level a parking spot as possible. Stabilizing jacks or blocks probably won’t be required during an overnight stay. However, if you put the jack pad
There are many modern parks including State, County and Federal parks with good
on the hitch jack and run the hitch jack down to take the weight off the tow vehicle’s
facilities where you might obtain electrical, water and sewer hookups. Directories are
springs this will provide some stability. If you must park on a slope, PARK FACING
published which described in detail these parks and tell what is available in the way of
DOWNHILL. It is easier to level the trailer this way.
services and hookups.
All you need to do to enjoy the self-contained luxury of your Airstream is to turn on the
On overnight or weekend trips chances are you will not use up the capacity of the
LP gas and light any appliances with pilots.
sewage holding tank, deplete the water supply or rundown the battery which supplies
the 12 volt current.
Before moving on, check your campsite for both cleanliness and also be sure you
haven’t left anything behind. Turn off the gas supply and make sure everything is
On a longer trip, when you have stayed where sewer connections and utility hookups
properly stowed. Use your PRE-TRAVEL CHECK LIST and you are ready for more
were not available, it will be necessary for you to stop from time to time to dispose of
travel adventure.
the waste in the holding tank and replenish the water supply. Many gas stations (chain
and individually owned) have installed sanitary dumping stations for just this purpose.
Booklets are available which lists these dumping stations.
When stopping for the night, your Airstream is built to be safely parked in any spot that
is relatively level and where the ground is firm. Your facilities are with you. You are
self-contained. Unless the tow vehicle is needed for transportation, it is not necessary
to unhitch.
C-2
C
CAMPING
EXTENDED STAY
C
or the trailer hitch “A-Frame”. (See Diagram Below) If a
natural spring action of the axles. STABILIZING JACKS
correction is necessary then YOU MUST LEVEL FROM
should only he used to stabilize trailer.
Making a long trip in your Airstream is not very different
SIDE TO SIDE FIRST This can he done easily by back-
from making a weekend excursion. Since everything
ing the trailer up one or more 2” x 6” boards. We do not
you need is right at hand, you are at home wherever
recommend placing tires in a hole for leveling.
lifted with a jack, as when changing a tire or leveling
on very rough terrain, ALWAYS PLACE THE LIFTING
you go. When packing for an extended trip, take everything you need, but only what you need.
WARNING: Whenever the trailer must be
LEVEL FROM FRONT TO REAR by disconnecting the
JACK UNDER THE MAIN FRAME RAIL. A label is
hitch from the tow vehicle, putting the jack pad under
provided to indicate the proper position for the
When you plan to stay in the same place for several
the hitch jack and adjusting the jack up or down until
jack. NEVER USE STABILIZING JACKS or HITCH
days, weeks or months, you will want your trailer to
you are level. Block or chock the wheels to keep the
JACK TO LIFT THE TRAILER.
be as level and steady as possible. Check the attitude
trailer from rolling. Use STABILIZING JACKS at the two
with a small spirit level set on the inside work counter
rear corners as shown in the diagram to eliminate the
C-3
CAMPING
HOOK UPS
Hook up to city water by attaching a ½” minimum high-
CAUTION: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot
Hook your SEWER WATER DRAIN HOSE in the SEWER
pressure water hose to the city water service. Be sure
water system served by this heater that has not been
DISPOSAL FACILITY and attach to the drain outlet in your
all drain valves and the water heater by-pass valves are
used for a long period of time (generally two weeks
trailer.
in the normal use position and turn on the city water
or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable. To
tap. Open the hot side of the galley or lavatory faucet.
reduce the risk of injury under these conditions, it is
Turn on gas supply. Light the range and oven pilots. Turn
For some time the open faucet will only sputter. This is
recommended that the hot water faucet be opened
on the water heater, refrigerator and furnace.
because the water heater is being filled and air is being
for several minutes at the kitchen sink before using
pushed out through the lines. Once the water heater is full
any electrical appliance connected to the hot water
When you stay for an extended period where electric or
a steady stream of water will come from the faucet. Now
system. If hydrogen is present there will probably be
water hookups are not available, you must make regular
open a cold faucet. It will sputter for a short time, but will
an unusual sound such as air escaping through the
checks on the charge condition of your 12-volt battery
soon expel a steady stream. All other faucets can now be
pipe as the water begins to flow. There should be no
system. Hooking up the tow vehicle/trailer electrical con-
opened until all air is expelled.
smoking or open flame near the faucet at the time it
nector and running the tow vehicle engine at a fast idle.
is open.
45 minutes per day should provide about 3-4 hours of
power. Carry drinking water in a clean bucket to refill your
et
Inl
City
Water
The Power Cord hook-up is on the roadside of the trailer.
tank. When your waste tank nears capacity move to a
The cord may be stored in the rear exterior compartment.
dumping location.
The power cord is plugged into the trailer receptacle and
the City Power Service.
CAUTION: When operating with city power make very
certain that the service is 110 volt and not 220 volt.
Once the system is filled with water and the faucets
closed, the water system is now ready for use with the
city water feed.
C-4
C
CAMPING
HOOK UPS
Interior telephone receptacles locations:
16 ft., 19 ft., and 25 ft. models are under the dinette.
The exterior CABLE TV and TELEPHONE hookups
are located on the side of the trailer. It is a gray
C
23 ft. under the dinette table.
dual inlet with weatherproof spring loaded caps.
27 ft. front bed models are under the dinette and on the roadside bedroom wardrobe.
Interior TV hook-up locations:
22 ft. model is by the main door and under the desk and bedroom TV stand.
16 ft. model has one under the front dinette and the booster is on the curbside bedroom wall.
25 ft sleep six is under the dinette.
19 ft. model is on bedroom curbside wall
28 ft. Model is under the galley dinette and beside the front lounge.
22 ft. model is under the desk and bedroom TV stand.
Satellite TV hook-up locations:
23 ft. model has the booster located under the front dinette table and one in the bedroom.
16 ft. N/A
25 ft. sleep six outlet locations are inside the dinette roof locker, under the dinette, and
19 ft model is on the curbside bedroom wall.
above the bed on the curbside wall.
22 ft. model is located under the desk and bedroom TV stand.
25 ft. front bed model has the TV booster located under the dinette, an outlet above
the refrigerator, and one on the curbside bedroom wall.
23 ft., 25 ft. and 27 ft., models are under the dinette table.
The 27’ Front Bed model has the booster located on the wall in front of the refrigerator,
28 ft. model is under the galley dinette.
an outlet under the dinette and one on the curbside bedroom wall.
28 ft. model is under the dinette, above the rear dinette seat back on the curbside wall,
and a bedroom outlet is located on the roadside wall.
C-5
CAMPING
CABLE/SATELLITE TV WIRING
SATELLITE ANTENNA WIRING
If you compare the two drawings above you’ll see wiring for a satellite
COAXIAL CABLE WITH CABLE HOOK UP
TV Antenna
Antenna Lead in
TV
Units have a faceplate with two coax cable hook-ups. The faceplate has
Front TV Jack
W/Booster
Jumper
Cable
a small coax cable jumper running between the hook-ups to complete
the cable TV circuit when in use. To install a satellite system use the
TV
Exterior Cable TV Hook Up
dish antenna is relatively simple.
following procedure:
Dual Coax
Faceplate
1. Remove the jumper wire from the coax faceplate.
2. Hook a portable dish into the Cable TV receptacle in the roadside rear
underbelly compartment. This feeds the dish signal to the input side of
the faceplate.
3. Install the satellite receiver input and output into the dual coax
COAXIAL CABLE WITH SATELLITE HOOK UP
faceplate.
TV Antenna
To return to a cable TV system, remove the satellite receiver from the
Antenna Lead in
faceplate and reinstall the jumper cable.
Front TV Jack
W/Booster
TV
TV
Satellite
Reciever
Exterior Cable TV Hook Up
Dual Coax
Faceplate
Satellite Antenna
C-6
C
CAMPING
WINTER TRAVELING
Some states do not allow LPG to be turned on while moving. While traveling in these
states you must use your common sense. How cold is it? How long will it be before you
Traveling in sub-freezing temperatures will require certain precautions to protect the
can turn the heat back on? Is the temperature dropping or raising? Remember, when
plumbing system and your personal belongings from being damaged by freezing.
towing at 50 MPH the wind chill factor will cause the interior of the trailer to cool much
faster than a trailer that is parked.
C
Whenever possible the heat should kept on a constant temperature. It is easier for the
furnace to keep a constant room temperature than for the trailer temperature to be
When parked in sub-freezing temperatures make sure you keep a full supply of LP
allowed to drop 50 degrees Fahrenheit then attempt to raise it to a comfortable level.
gas and plug into a 110 volt power source whenever possible. A fully charged battery
will not last more than 8 to 10 hours if the furnace is running almost constantly and
The furnace supplies heat to the water lines and tanks on all models except the 22
110-volt power is not available.
ft. It has 12-V heat pads for the tanks. These pads are individually switched with the
switch located next to the monitor panel. This feature allows the saving of battery
Leave cabinet doors, wardrobes and bed doors partially open to allow warm air to
power in a dry camping situation. To conserve battery power, RV antifreeze may used
circulate around plumbing lines and fixtures. Insulate and/or wrap your exterior water
to protect the gray and black tank. Battery power will last about 3 hours using all three
lines with heat tape.
heat pads.
Heat must be maintained inside your trailer to prevent the water lines and tanks from
freezing. The exterior city water hose must be protected from freezing with heat tape.
CAUTION: If at any time the exterior temperature makes it difficult to maintain
temperature inside your trailer above the freezing mark all winterizing procedures should be performed immediately. Freezing of liquid and solid wastes in
the holding tanks could damage equipment.
WARNING: Always shut off the LP gas and be sure all flames are extinguished before gasoline is added to the tow vehicle.
C-7
CAMPING
EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY
TIPS TO CONTROLLING CONDENSATION
Your trailer was designed primarily for recreational use and short-term occupancy.
Allow excess moisture to escape to the outside when bathing, washing dishes, hair
If you expect to occupy the trailer for an extended period, be prepared to deal with
drying, laundering, and using appliances and non-vented gas burners.
condensation and the humid conditions that may be encountered. The relatively small
Always use the vent hood when cooking.
volume and tight compact construction of modern recreation vehicles mean that the
normal living activities of even a few occupants will lead to rapid moisture saturation
of the air contained in the trailer and the appearance of visible moisture, especially in
Keep the bathroom door closed and the vent or window open when bathing and for a
cold weather.
period of time after you have finished.
Just as moisture collects on the outside of a glass of cold water during humid weather,
Do not hang wet clothes in the trailer to dry.
moisture can condense on the inside surfaces of the trailer during cold weather when
relative humidity of the interior air is high. This condition is increased because the
In hot weather, start the air conditioner early as it removes excess humidity from the air
insulated walls of a recreation vehicle are much thinner than house walls. Estimates
while lowering the temperature.
indicate that a family of four can vaporize up to three gallons of water daily through
breathing, cooking, bathing, and washing. Unless the water vapor is carried outside
Keep the temperature as reasonably cool during cold weather as possible. The warmer
by ventilation, or condensed by a dehumidifier, it will condense on the inside of the
the vehicle, the more cold exterior temperatures and warm interior temperatures will
windows and walls as moisture, or in cold weather as frost or ice. It may also con-
collide on wall surfaces, thus creating condensation.
dense out of sight within the walls or the ceiling where it will manifest itself as warped
or stained panels. Appearance of these conditions may indicate a serious condensa-
Use a fan to keep air circulating inside the vehicle so condensation and mildew cannot
tion problem. When you recognize the signs of excessive moisture and condensation
form in dead air spaces. Allow air to circulate inside closets and cabinets (leave doors
in the trailer action should be taken to minimize their effects. For tips on controlling
partially open). Please keep in mind that a closed cabinet full of stored goods prevents
condensation see the “Tips To Controlling Condensation” section.
circulation and allows the exterior temperature to cause condensation.
Note: Your trailer is not designed, nor intended, for permanent housing. Use of this
The natural tendency would be to close the vehicle tightly during cold weather. This
product for long term or permanent occupancy may lead to premature deterioration
will actually compound the problem. Simply put, you need to remove some of the
of structure, interior finishes, fabrics, carpeting, and drapes. Damage or deterioration
warm air, and allow some cool outside air to get inside the vehicle, so the furnace will
due to long-term occupancy may not be considered normal, and may under the terms
not recycle the humid interior air.
of the warranty constitute misuse, abuse, or
Use fluorescent ceiling lights and minimize prolonged use of incandescent lights, which
produce heat and contribute to condensation in the roof above the ceiling lights.
C-8
C
CAMPING
ABOUT MOLDS
What are molds?
C
Molds are microscopic organisms that naturally occur in virtually every environment,
Frequent use of your RV or cleaning regularly is an important preventive measure.
indoors and out. Outdoors, mold growth is important in the decomposition of plants.
Further, any spills should be wiped up quickly and dried as soon as possible. Avoid
Indoors, mold growth is unfavorable. Left unchecked, molds break down natural ma-
leaving damp items lying about. On safe surfaces, use mold or mildew killing cleaning
terials, such as wood products and fabrics. Knowing the potential risks is important
products. Check sealants regularly, and reseal when necessary to avoid water leaks.
for any type of homeowner to protect their investment.
Proper preventive maintenance to the RV and its accessories, as described both in this
manual and in accompanying literature, will provide the best protection to the RV.
What factors contribute to mold growth?
For more information of controlling moisture in the RV, please read, “Tips to Controlling
For mold growth to occur, temperatures, indoor or outdoors, must be between 40
Condensation,” located in this manual.
degrees and 100 degrees Fahrenheit and also have a source of moisture, such as
humidity, standing water, damp materials, etc. Indoors, the most rapid growth occurs
*If using a dehumidifier, please read and follow all manufacturer instructions and rec-
with warm and humid conditions.
ommendations to the use and cleaning of the dehumidifier.
How can mold growth be inhibited?
By controlling relative humidity, the growth of mold and mildew can be inhibited. In
warm climates, use of the air conditioner will reduce the relative humidity. Vents are
located in the bathing and cooking areas and constant use is advised during food
preparation and bathing, even during colder weather. Additionally, opening a window
during these activities will assist in ventilation. In extremely humid conditions, the use
of a dehumidifier can be helpful.*
C-9
CAMPING
Controlling Sway or Fishtailing
manufacturer does not provide sway control devices.
Sway or fishtailing is the sideways action of a trailer caused by external forces. It is
Tongue weight – The tongue weight should be between 10% to 15% of the total travel
common for travel trailers to sway in response to strong winds or crosswinds or when
trailer weight. See page xxx of this manual regarding the proper weight distribution of
passed by or passing a semi-tractor and trailer or driving downhill.
your recreation vehicle.
WARNING: Excessive sway or fishtailing of your travel trailer can lead
Driving – This is the most important component. The tendency for the vehicle to
to the rollover of the trailer and tow vehicle. Serious injury or death can occur. It is
sway increases with speed therefore, obey all speed limits and reduce speed during
important that you read and understand the information in this section.
inclement weather or windy conditions.
Sway or fishtailing of your recreation vehicle can be controlled and is primarily im-
Corrective measures – If sway occurs the following techniques should be used:
pacted by four factors:
1.
Slow down immediately, remove your foot from the accelerator. Avoid using
·
Equipment
the tow vehicle brakes unless there is a danger of collision. Reduce speed gradually
·
Tongue weight
whenever possible. If you can do so safely, use the brake hand controller (independent
·
Driving
of the tow vehicle brakes) to gently and progressively apply the trailer brakes. This
·
Corrective measures
will help to keep the vehicles aligned. Practice using the brake hand controller on a
deserted parking lot. Don’t wait until an emergency occurs before using it. Location of
Equipment – When hitched together, the trailer and the tow vehicle must be level.
the brake hand controller is important and should be made easily accessible.
The tires of both the trailer and tow vehicle should be in good condition and inflated
2.
to the pressure recommended as noted on the exterior of the trailer and in the owner’s
of natural reaction lag time, quick steering movements to counter trailer sway will
manuals of the trailer and tow vehicle.
actually cause increased sway and loss of control. Keep both hands on the wheel.
Steer as little as possible while maintaining control of the vehicle. Because
Hold the wheel as straight as possible until stability is regained.
Your trailer brakes should work in synchronization with your tow vehicle brakes. Never
3.
use your tow vehicle or trailer brakes alone to stop the combined load. Your brake
your way out of the fishtailing. Both actions make the situation worse and could cause
controller must be set up according to the manufacturer’s specifications to ensure
severe injury or death.
proper synchronization between the tow vehicle and the trailer. Additionally, you may
4.
have to make small adjustments occasionally to accommodate changing loads and
pressures, cargo weight distribution and look for any signs of mechanical failure.
driving conditions.
Travel at reduced speeds that permit full control until the problem can be identified
Do not jam on the brakes or attempt to press on the accelerator to speed
Once the swaying is under control, stop as soon as possible. Check tire
and corrected.
Also, we recommend a friction sway damper or hitch with built-in sway control be
provided for your unit. Please consult your dealer regarding this equipment, as the RV
C - 10
C
EXTERIOR
Cleaning
If a substance is found on the coating that cannot be removed by normal washing procedures, Airstream recommends using DX 330 Acryli-Clean made by PPG Industries.
As a general rule of thumb we recommend the trailer be washed about every four
Follow all directions and warnings on the product container. Acryli-Clean should be
weeks and waxed in the spring and fall. In industrial areas cleaning and waxing should
used by trained personnel only, using the proper equipment under controlled condi-
be done on a more frequent schedule.
tions. Use the Acryli-Clean as sparingly as possible to remove glue, tar, and other
similar substance.
CAUTION: ABRASIVE POLISHES OR CLEANING SOLVENTS SUCH AS
D
AUTOMATIC DISHWASHER OR ACID ETCH CLEANERS ARE TOO STRONG
To keep your trailer looking new, paint the “A’ frame, LPG tanks, and rear frame
AND SHOULD NEVER BE USED. RINSE ALL GRIT FROM SURFACE PRIOR TO
periodically.
WASHING. Use soft rags or wash mitts always moving lengthwise with the trailer.
NEVER rub hard on the coating. Even the softest rag will damage the coating if
It is recommended that the caulking and sealant used in external seams and joints
excessive pressure is applied.
such as end shell segments and around window frames, light bezels, beltline and
rub rail molding, etc. be checked regularly. If this material has dried out and become
ALWAYS CLEAN YOUR TRAILER IN THE SHADE OR ON A CLOUDY DAY WHEN
cracked or checked, or if a portion has fallen out, it should be replaced with fresh
THE ALUMINUM SKIN IS COOL. Oil, grease, dust and dirt may be removed by wash-
material to prevent possible rain leaks. Caulking and sealing material is available from
ing with any mild non-abrasive soap or detergent. Cleaning should be followed by a
your Airstream dealer.
thorough clean water rinse. Drying the unit with a chamois or a soft cloth may prevent
spots and streaks. WHEN WASHING OR POLISHING YOUR TRAILER, ALWAYS WIPE
Precautions should be taken to prevent excessive sealant from getting on the coated
“WITH” THE GRAIN OF THE METAL.
surfaces. Remove excessive sealant before it cures using DX 330 Acryli-Clean made
by PPG Industries as explained above.
After cleaning and drying, a good grade of nonabrasive automotive paste or liquid
wax will increase the life of the finish, especially in coastal areas where the finish is
CAUTION: It may be possible for solvents other than those recommended to ex-
exposed to salt air or in polluted industrial areas. It will also protect the shell from minor
tract materials from sealants that could stain the coated surface or could prove
scratches and make subsequent cleaning easier.
harmful to the sealants; therefore, these possible effects must be considered.
Test a small area first.
It is important to remove sap, gum, resin, asphalt, etc. as soon as possible after they
appear by washing and waxing. Sunlight and time will bake-harden these materials
making them almost impossible to remove without heavy buffing. If asphalt remains on
the trailer after washing, use a small amount of kerosene on a rag and wipe the spots
individually, being careful not to scratch the finish.
D-1
EXTERIOR
Main Door
WARNING: Read and follow all warnings and escape window operation
CAUTION: When towing, the door lock and dead bolt must be secured. If they
in the Camping section under Safety in this manual.
are not locked, the constant vibration of travel may cause the door to open with
possible damage.
Clean your trailer windows the same way you clean the windows in your home. Clean
the seals with a damp cloth or mild detergent every three to six months, taking care
Screen Door
not to use strong solvents, as they will damage the seals. A coat of natural silicone
lubricant applied after the seal has dried will keep it flexible. Spread the lubricant
The screen door secures to the main door by means of a slide bolt type latch. It
evenly with a brush or finger, working it into the surface. This is a good practice for
can be operated independently by releasing the slide bolt and swinging the screen
all rubber seals in your trailer. For replacement of a damaged window contact an
door away from the main door. For easier access to the interior main door handle,
Airstream Service Center.
remember to leave the screen door plastic closeout in the open position when closing
the main door.
Your PLASTIC SCREENS are easy to maintain. Clean occasionally with a damp cloth.
Note: They will melt at the point of contact if touched by a cigarette.
Step
Awnings
To operate the step, lift up and pull the step towards you, then lower the step down
into position.
Complete instructions have been provided with your awning. You should make sure
your traveling companion is familiar with the operation of the awning. If a sudden wind
WARNING: Once the step is lowered, press down on it to make sure it
should come up, or if high wind is forecast, the awning should be retracted, stowed
is secure.
and travel locks engaged. Awnings should be extended at an angle to encourage the
run off of rain. Awning damage such as a bent tube, torn canvas, or broken arms due
CAUTION: Never travel with step lowered or extended.
to high winds or water standing on the canvas are not covered by warranty. Use the
center support bar if your patio awning is so equipped.
Exterior Windows
CAUTION: Travel locks on all awnings must be engaged before traveling.
The windows in your trailer are safety glass. To open: release the two lever locks at
the bottom, lift up on the two side operator handles until the window is in the desired
position, and place the operators into one of the three positioning slots on the side of
the frame. To lock the windows reverse this position
D-2
D
EXTERIOR
Chassis
POWER JACK
To Open
Hi-Power Acme 3,000
The standard RECOMMENDED HITCH BALL
HEIGHT for your Airstream is listed in the
“Specifications” section of this manual. If you
A switch located on the bottom of the housing operates the power jack. When the jack
plan long trips with the trailer heavily loaded, you
is fully extended or retracted internal limit switches automatically shut off the motor.
should check your trailer, after loading, to deter-
The jack is wired directly to the battery with an inline fuse.
mine the optimum height. To check, park the trailer
D
on a level surface and crank the front jack up or
Open Position
Figure 1
WARNING: Keep hands and feet from under the foot plate when using
the jack.
down until the measurement from the frame to the
To Close
ground is the same front and rear. Measure from
the ground to the upper surface of the hitch ball
When the high-powered
coupler. Add one inch to this figure when setting
jack reaches the end of
the ball height on the tow vehicle to allow for the
its travel, (either raising
suspension settling under the added weight.
or lowering) internal limit
switches
Closed Position
Figure 2
WARNING: ALWAYS OPEN LATCH
automatically
Level & Manual
Crank Access
Jack will raise
and lower by
this switch
Night light
controlled by
this switch
shut motor off.
HANDLE BEFORE INSERTING BALL.
Down
UP
Dolly wheels are not recOPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
ommended.
1. To open - slide forward and pull up to open latch before inserting ball
WARNING: Avoid the risk of injury to yourself and others.
2. Place coupler on ball of same diameter as coupler and of same or greater capacity.
3. When ball is completely nested in socket, push top of latch handle rearward until
handle snaps into closed position. (Figure 2)
•
Use the jack for lifting the trailer only
•
Never get beneath the travel trailer when only the power jack supports
it.
•
4. Extend jack to ground and lift car/trailer combination 2-4” to insure coupler is securely attached to tow ball. Retract jack before
towing.
5. Insert padlock through hole in handle for theft prevention.
D-3
Support the vehicle by appropriate means.
EXTERIOR
Maintenance
If an electrical failure should ever occur the emergency handle may be inserted into the jack post
and the jack can be raised or lowered. Access can
Once a year the power head should be removed and a liberal amount of grease (prefer-
be obtained by twisting the level cap off.
ably a grease with high melting point) applied directly to the coupling on which the
drive pin rests. DO NOT POUR OIL into the top of the jack post.
If power head is removed the crank can still be
Once a year the housing cover should be removed and the gears inspected for proper
used.
lubrication. Remove 4 screws and tap around the edges of the housing to free the
CAUTION: If power head is removed it must be
cover. DO NOT insert screwdriver blade, this may damage mating surfaces. If lubrica-
synchronized with the jack post.
tion is needed, use Mobilith 460 grease or its equivalent.
CAUTION: Leave tow vehicle transmission in
AXLE AND RUNNING GEAR
neutral when lifting both units. Dolly wheels are
not recommended. Always retract stabilizing
Each RUBBER TORSION axle is aligned during manufacturing, and double-checked
jacks before using your jack under load.
on a random basis. Alignment after delivery is the customer’s responsibility.
CAUTION: Never allow heat to he applied to the axle tube since the rubber
WARNING: Do not use the electric
providing the spring torsion action will he severely damaged.
toggle switch (raise and lower) with the manual crank in place on the jack post.
The crank will spin if the switch activates the motor and will cause serious injury.
Hitting chuck holes or rough railroad tracks while going straight will only cause
Use your battery disconnect switch to cut power to the jack.
misalignment after the tire has been struck many repetitive times. Of course, a deep
enough hole can affect the alignment immediately.
The worse culprit is a curb because they are normally struck at an angle. Surprisingly
rear axles are occasionally damaged when people are attempting to park beside a
curb and are backing up their trailer.
As you look under your trailer is it normal for the axle to be bent up in the middle. This
bend is how the camber is obtained.
Toe-in is built into the axle by very slight bends in the axle tube on each end.
D-4
D
EXTERIOR
17. Check the lug nuts at 10, 25, and again at 50 miles of travel after replacing a
If tire wear ever indicate misalignment check with your dealer for the nearest location
having the proper equipment.
wheel.
See Chart in Specification Section in this manual for wheel torque ratings.
Rubber torsion Axle Alignment Specifications
When greasing bearings by hand, place a glob of grease in the palm of one hand and
Toe-In each side 1/16”
Tolerance 1/16” + or -
push the large end of the bearing down into the grease (see illustration). Keep turning
Camber each side ¾º positive
Tolerance ¾º + or -
the bearing around and forcing it down through the grease until the grease is extruded
up through the opposite end. Wipe the extra grease in your hand around the outside of
D
Wheel Bearing Maintenance
the bearing. It’s not necessary to fill the hub and dust cap with grease.
1. Jack trailer at marked jack location pad behind axle on mainframe.
2. Remove hubcap or spindle cover, wheel and tire.
3. Remove cotter pin.
4. Remove dust cap.
5. Remove spindle nut and washer.
6. Remove bearings, hub and rotor.
7. Lay down hub and rotor with inside grease seal down. Knock out inner bearing and
grease seal using wood or plastic dowel and hammer.
8. Clean all parts thoroughly with kerosene.
9. Check all bearings and races for chips or roughness of any kind. Any damaged
component must be replaced.
10. Pack bearing with a good grease (No 2 grade-265 ASTM penetration or
equivalent).
11. Install inner bearing.
12. Install new grease seal in hub or rotor using wooden or rawhide mallet.
13. Install hub and drum on spindle.
14. Install outer bearing.
15 Install washer and spindle nut
16. While rotating the wheel, tighten the spindle nut with a 12” wrench until there is a
slight tension. Then back off one notch and install cotter pin. There should now be
from .001” to .010” endplay in hub. If not, back off one notch.
D-5
EXTERIOR
ELECTRIC BRAKES
WARNING: Do not use breakaway switch for parking brake or leave the
A CONTROLLER installed in your tow vehicle will synchronize the trailer brakes with
pin out for longer that a few minutes with the battery disconnect in the “USE”
your tow vehicle brakes. It is designed to apply the trailer brakes whenever the tow
position.
vehicle brakes are applied.
HOW TO USE YOUR ELECTRIC BRAKES PROPERLY
TYPICAL ELECTRONIC CONTROLLER
Your trailer brakes are designed to work in synchronization with your tow vehicle
ELECTRONIC CONTROLLERS are inertially activated. The controller senses decelera-
brakes. Never use your tow vehicle or trailer brakes alone to stop the combined load.
tion and generates an output, which reflects the inertia sensed. When you are stationary, the controller does not apply the brakes unless the manual slide bar is activated.
Your trailer and tow vehicle will seldom have the right amperage flow to the brake
magnets to give you comfortable, safe braking unless you make proper brake system
NOTE: Study all material provided with your particular brake control. If you don’t
adjustments. Changing trailer load and driving conditions as well as uneven alternator
understand the information, have the installer explain the information to you or call the
and battery output can mean unstable current flow to your brake magnets. It is there-
manufacturer of the controller.
fore imperative that you maintain and adjust your brakes as set forth in this manual,
use a properly modulated brake controller, and perform the synchronization procedure
In THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENTAL SEPARATION of the tow vehicle and trailer, the
noted below
BREAKAWAY SWITCH will set and lock the trailer brakes for a sufficient length of time
to stop the trailer. The switch is activated when the wire attached to it and to the tow
In addition to the synchronization adjustment detailed below, electric brake controllers
vehicle pulls out the small pin in the front of the unit. THIS PIN SHOULD BE PULLED
provide a modulation function that varies the current to the electric brakes with the
OUT, LUBRICATED WITH LIGHT HOUSEHOLD OIL AND REPLACED EVERY 90 DAYS.
pressure on the brake pedal. It is important that your brake controller provide approximately 2 volts to the braking system when the brake pedal is first depressed and
To prevent corrosion within the breakaway switch, turn you trailer battery disconnect
gradually increase the voltage to 12 volts as brake pedal pressure is increased. If the
to “STORE”, pull the switch’s pin straight forward and spray the inside of the switch
controller “jumps” immediately to a high voltage output, even during a gradual stop,
through the hole with an electric contact cleaner (such as Spra-Kleen) and reinsert the
then the electric brakes will always be fully energized and will result in harsh brakes
pin. A drop of light household oil on the groove near the base of the pin will allow the
and potential brake lockup.
pin to operate freely. WHEN THE TRAILER IS CONNECTED TO THE TOW VEHICLE,
THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH LOOP SHOULD BE ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT
Proper synchronization of tow vehicle to trailer braking can only be accomplished by
FRAME OF YOUR HITCH. When disconnecting trailer from tow vehicle remove wire
road testing. Brake “lockup, grabbiness, or harshness” is quite often lack of synchro-
loop from the frame. DO NOT REMOVE PIN FROM SWITCH BECAUSE THIS WILL
nization between the tow vehicle and the trailer being towed, too high of a threshold
APPLY THE TRAILER BRAKES.
voltage (over 2 volts), or under adjusted brakes.
D-6
D
EXTERIOR
TIRES
WARNING: Never attempt to change any tire without securely chocking
Your trailer is equipped at the factory with name brand trailer tires. Airstream dealers
remaining wheels. Never position yourself in a manner where a raised trailer can
cannot make adjustments to tires. A dealer who handles that particular brand must
come down on you if it should become dislodged from a jack or ramp.
do this. If you ever have tire problems check the local telephone directory for the
nearest dealer.
All tire and wheel assemblies are balanced at the factory. Be sure to rebalance the tire
and wheel assemblies each time a tire is changed.
To get the maximum performance from your tires check the air pressure often, but only
D
when the tires are cool. Never bleed out air immediately after driving. Recommended
WARNING: When removing aluminum-forged wheels, if so equipped,
tire pressures vary with tire type and size.
from the spindle, it is very important to mark them to assure the wheel is placed
in the same position of the drum when reinstalling. If the aluminum-forged wheel
WARNING: WHEEL SEPARATION CAN OCCUR
is to be mounted on a different drum it is important to sand all loose corrosion
from the mating surfaces.
1. On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 50 miles.
2. Thereafter, check wheel lugs before each trip.
WARNING: Whenever the trailer must be lifted with a jack, as when
3. Following winter storage, check before beginning a trip.
4. Following excessive braking, inspect wheel lugs
changing a tire or leveling on very rough terrain, ALWAYS PLACE THE LIFTING
JACK UNDER THE MAIN FRAME RAIL. A label is provided to indicate the proper
See Chart in Specification Section in this manual for wheel torque ratings.
position for the jack. NEVER USE STABILIZING JACKS or HITCH JACK TO LIFT
THE TRAILER.
Try to park out of the sun whenever possible when in warm climates. In desert regions
use tire covers to prevent ultra-violet deterioration to tires.
In an emergency you may remove the flat tire. The independent suspension of the
Rubber Torsion Axle allows four wheel units to be safely towed on three wheels for a
To CHANGE A TIRE with a jack see the label affixed to the underbelly to the rear of
short distance (100 miles maximum) and only at a low speed (30 MPH).
the wheels. This label, says JACK with an arrow and points to a plate riveted to the
mainframe rail where the jack head must be placed. A flat tire may also be changed
Be especially cautious in crossing holes or dips in the road. Under these circumstances
without the aid of a jack. Drive the unit up on a ramp 8” wide, 6” high, and about 3 feet
it is good practice to set your rear view mirrors so that you can observe your tires at
long at its base. Position the good tire on the ramp. This will raise the flat tire clear of
all times.
the ground.
D-7
EXTERIOR
TIRE ROTATION
WARNING: Whenever the trailer must be lifted with a jack, as when
(10,000-mile intervals)
changing a tire or leveling on very rough terrain, ALWAYS PLACE THE LIFTING
JACK UNDER THE MAIN FRAME RAIL. A label is provided to indicate the proper
position for the jack. NEVER USE STABILIZING JACKS or HITCH JACK TO LIFT
THE TRAILER.
Radial Tires
Load/Inflation Information for Your Tires
Maintaining proper tire inflation pressure is essential for both tire safety and
performance.
SPARE TIRE & CARRIER (Optional)
Proper Tire Inflation
The spare tire for Airstreams is stored under the front of the trailer. The front handle
of the tire carrier is a one-inch tube protruding out from under the front A-frame on
The level of air in your tires affects your vehicle’s overall performance. Not even the
the curbside. It is secured by a bracket and bolt along the inside of the A frame rail.
highest quality tire will perform well if it’s not inflated properly. The correct pressure
Removing the bolts allows the front on the tire carrier to be lowered and the spare
varies from vehicle to vehicle and depends in part upon driver preference. Each vehicle
tire removed.
has a maximum inflation pressure, usually found on a metal tag riveted to the outside
of the vehicle as well as on the original equipment tires.
WARNING: It is also important to periodically check on the tightness
Correct tire inflation is a key component in tire care. The recommended inflation
of lug nuts. See Chart in Specification Section in this manual for wheel torque
pressures for your tires are indicated on the certification label or in your owner’s
ratings. Care should he taken at all times when handling the wheel because of
manual. Since RVs can be loaded with many different configurations, the load on each
possible damage to its appearance.
tire will vary. For this reason, air pressure should be checked based on the load on
each individual tire. Cold Inflation Pressure should be adjusted to handle the maximum
NOTICE!
tire load, and all tires on the axle should carry the same inflation pressure. COLD TIRE
CHECK WHEEL LUGS
INFLATION PRESSURE is the tire pressure checked in the morning before you drive
On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 100 miles. See Chart in
more than a few miles or before rising ambient temperatures or the sun’s radiant heat
Specification Section in this manual for wheel torque ratings. There after, check
affects it. Check your tires’ air pressures at least once a month, before each trip and
wheel lugs before each trip, after excessive braking, and following winter storage.
each morning you drive during a trip. Tire pressure should be checked cold, as tire
pressure ratings have been designed with typical running heat/pressure build-up in
mind. Make sure the valves and caps are free of dirt and moisture.
D-8
D
EXTERIOR
D
Under Inflation
tires.
Under inflation brings a higher risk of damage due to road hazards, reduces casing
Tire pressure should never be reduced below the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended
durability, causes a loss in fuel economy, and uneven or irregular tire wear. Severe
levels to support load conditions in order to improve the ride quality of a vehicle. The
under inflation brings about an increased risk of tread separation, handling difficulties,
difference in ride quality is not significant. When inflation pressure requirements are not
and possibly tires failure, caused by overheating.
met, tire durability and optimum operation can be affected.
IMPORTANT: Lowering tire pressure in the search for a smoother ride is not only
Lug Nut Torquing
dangerous, it’s relatively ineffective, and as the difference in the ride quality is
not significant. When minimum inflation pressure requirements are not met, tire
WARNING: WHEEL SEPARATION CAN OCCUR
durability and optimum operating conditions are compromised. Tire inflation
1. On first trip, tighten wheel lugs at start and at 10, 25, and 50 miles.
pressure should always meet the guidelines for vehicle weight.
2. Thereafter, check wheel lugs before each trip.
•
It may be necessary to inflate your tires at a truck stop or truck service
3. Following winter storage, check before beginning a trip.
center in order to achieve adequate air pressure for your coach’s needs
4. Following excessive braking, inspect wheel lugs
• Only permanent air seal metal valve caps should be used.
• Be safe - if a tire has been run 20% under inflated, it must be dismounted and
4
inspected by a trained professional. It should not be aired up without a full
inspection or without using a safety cage. Use a calibrated gauge. If your
1
1
2
tire is rated for higher inflation pressures, a special gauge will be required
designed for larger tires.
5
• Don’t bleed air from warm tires to reduce pressure buildup
3
• Don’t inflate tires to cold PSI rating beyond rim specifications
3
6
5
4
2
HOW OVERLOADING AFFECTS YOUR TIRES
NOTE: Use a torque wrench to tighten lug nuts. Tightening by hand or with an
Tire pressure is what enables your RV tire to support loads. Overloading your tires
impact wrench is not recommended.
can have serious consequences for passengers and your RV. Too much weight can
See Chart in Specification Section in this manual for wheel torque ratings.
cause stress on your RV’s suspension system, brake failure, shock absorber damage,
handling and steering problems, irregular tire wear and possible tire failure. Excessive
loads or under inflation can lead to an excessive amount of heat and tire failure. If you
Proper wheel nut torque is very important to safe and dependable towing of your ve-
discover that your tires cannot handle the load, lighten the weight of the load on your
hicle. The wheel and axle systems used in travel trailers and fifth wheels are similar,
D-9
EXTERIOR
yet different, in many ways to those used on cars and trucks. These differences are
Wheel Compatibility
important and require special attention to wheel nut torque both while the trailer is
new and throughout the trailer’s life.
WARNING: Do not mismatch wheels and tires.
Trailer wheels must carry much higher loads per wheel than passenger car or truck
wheels. Each wheel may carry 1000 pounds and higher. Furthermore, wheels on
Axle systems are installed with hubs and drums that are compatible with many
tandem axle trailers do not steer, and are subjected to very high side load stress
wheels used in the recreational vehicle industry that have matching bolt patterns. If
whenever the trailer makes a tight turn. When you go around corners, especially
the original manufacturer installed equipment is in need of replacement, the wheel
slow, tight ones, the wheels on your trailer are subject to these strong side loads.
manufacturer should be contacted for proof of compatibility prior to replacement and
This tends to flex the wheel and gradually loosen the wheel nuts. Although the ma-
use.
terials and manufacturing methods are maximized for this kind of service, these extra
loads can cause stress, which can result in flexing and loosening of wheel nuts.
Customers replacing original equipment that has not been tested for compatibility must ensure the replacements are compatible to the hub and drum assembly
installed. Such elements of compatibility include, but are not limited to:
Before each trip and any time a wheel is replaced, be sure to tighten the wheel nuts,
following the sequence shown in the relevant lug pattern below. Set the torque
·
Diameter of the hub-mounting surface.
specification in three stages as seen in the chart. If the wheel was replaced, check
·
Stud length and diameter.
the torque every 50 miles of the first 200 miles of travel.
·
Location and number of studs.
·
Center hold diameter for the wheel.
If you notice wheel wobbling or hear a rattling sound coming from a wheel, especially
·
Wheel mounting offset from the rim center.
at low speeds, a wheel lug nut may have come loose. This problem is usually caused
·
Rated capacity of the wheel.
by improper tightening or by faulty or damaged lug bolt threads. If you have a reason
·
Wheel fastener torque.
to believe a lug nut has come loose, safely stop the vehicle at the side of the road
·
Wheel nut size and shape.
as soon as possible. Put up warming devices. Remove the lug caps and check
the tightness of all the lug nuts. Tighten all lug nuts to the specified torque, using a
Impact of any added wheel accessories (such as decorative center caps) that could
torque wrench. If lug stud threads are damaged or faulty, get professional service
affect proper seating of the wheel to the hub surface.
help.
Certain tests are recommended by the manufacturer’s of factory installed equipment,
such as the cornering fatigue test based on SAE J1095/SAE J267 and field tests,
are recommended for all wheels and rims to be installed in place of original factory
equipment. Contact the wheel manufacturer to verify compatibility with the factory
installed equipment prior to replacement.
D - 10
D
INTERIOR
The interior of all Airstream trailers has been designed for comfort, convenience, du-
www.sunbrella.com
rability and appearance. How you use it and how you take care of it naturally depends
CAUTION: Never remove cushion cover for separate dry cleaning or wash-
on you. However, if you learn to operate the interior components and take care of them
and the trailer properly, this knowledge will add to your pleasure as well as the long
ing. Any tumble cleaning method can destroy the backing, shrink or otherwise
life of your trailer.
damage upholstery fabric.
The lounge and curtain fabric should be cleaned regularly before substances such as
WARNING: Keep your furniture and family safe from fires caused by care-
dirt, roof particles, etc. are allowed to accumulate on and become embedded in the
less smoking. Do not smoke when drowsy. Remove immediately any flowing ash or
fabric. The fabric can be cleaned without being removed from the installation. Simply
a lighted cigarette, which falls on furniture. Smoldering smoking material can cause
brush off any loose dirt, roof particles, etc.; hose down and clean with a mild solution
upholstered furniture fires.
of mild soap in lukewarm water (no more than 100 degrees F). Rinse thoroughly to
E
CAUTION: Mattress covers must be professionally dry-cleaned.
remove soap. DO NOT USE DETERGENTS. Allow to air dry.
For more stubborn cases: Soak the fabric for approximately twenty minutes in a solution of no more than 1/2 cup (4 oz.) of a non-chlorine bleach and 1/4 cup (2 oz.) mild
soap per gallon of water at approximately 100 degrees F. Rinse thoroughly in cold
water to remove all of the soap. Note: Excessive soaking in non-chlorine bleach can
deteriorate sewing threads. This method of cleaning may remove part of the water
repellency and the fabric should receive an application of an air-curing fluorocarbon
water repellent treatment, such as 303 Hi Tech Fabric Guard, if water repellency is a
factor.
How Can You Get Service? Call the dealer or retailer from whom you purchased the
product, to inspect the claim. They, in turn, will contact the manufacturer of the item
purchased. The manufacturer will then contact Glen Raven and secure replacement
fabric for you.
Glen Raven Custom Fabrics, LLC
1831 North Park Ave.
Glen Raven, NC 27217-1100
(336) 221-2211
Fax: (336) 586-1169
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INTERIOR
Shades
paint thinner or acetone. Restore dulled areas by rubbing with an automotive type
liquid cleaner then put the soft glow back into your fiberglass unit with a light applica-
Roller shades may be dusted with a damp cloth.
tion of liquid wax. Chips and gel-coat cracks can be repaired. Check with local repair
shops or your dealer for this service.
Carpet
Dinette
The carpet can be cleaned with any good commercial carpet cleaner, or with a detergent and water. BE CAREFUL NOT TO SOAK THE CARPET WITH WATER.
The dinette is made into a bed by rising up on the front of the table and folding the
table leg up against the bottom of the leaf. As the table is raised it will unhook from the
Vinyl Floor
upper wall brackets. Once it is unhooked it can be pulled out and the wall hinge will
let it be lowered on the supports of the dinette seats. The backrests of the seats are
The vinyl floor in your unit can be cleaned with liquid floor cleaning solutions recom-
placed over the table to complete the conversion.
mended for vinyl floors and warm water.
Metal Interior Skin
Counter Area
The interior shiny metal skin is the same as the exterior coated skin on your trailer. The
The counter areas around the sink are of a high-pressure laminate and can be cleaned
cleaning and care would be the same. Use common sense on the waxing and washing
with soap and water, or you can use a common solvent on tough spots. Be sure no
on the interior. A damp soft cloth will do most of the time.
abrasive cleaner is used, as there is the possibility it could scratch the surface. A
CAUTION: ABRASIVE POLISHES OR CLEANING SOLVENTS SUCH AS
protective pad should always be placed under hot utensils.
AUTOMATIC DISHWASHER OR ACID ETCH CLEANERS ARE TOO STRONG
Sinks
AND SHOULD NEVER BE USED. RINSE ALL GRIT FROM SURFACE PRIOR TO
WASHING. Use soft rags or wash mitts always moving lengthwise with the trailer.
Cleaning can be accomplished using mild liquid detergent with a soft cloth. A com-
NEVER rub hard on the coating. Even the softest rag will damage the coating if
plete Home Owners Guide for your sinks is supplied in your Owner’s Folder. Please
excessive pressure is applied.
read these instructions before use.
Shower Stall
To clean your fiberglass shower stall unit use warm water and one of the stronger liquid
detergents. Do not use abrasive cleaners, they may scratch and dull the surface of
your fiberglass unit. Stubborn stains can be removed with solvents such as turpentine,
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INTERIOR
Monitor Panel
Water Pump Switch
The monitor panel allows you to check the amount of fluid in your fresh water tank, black
The water pump switch is located on monitor panel. Once the switch is turned on, the
water tank, and the gray water tank. The LP gas and battery status are also shown.
pump will run until the water pressure reaches about 65 psi. At this point, an internal
Further instructions on its use are detailed in the electrical section of this manual.
pressure switch will shut it off. When a faucet is open, the water pressure will drop and
the pump will start to run again. The water pump should be turned off when the trailer
The MicroPulse Monitor will display the condition of each system at all times. The
is left unattended and when city water is being used as the fresh water supply.
tri-color LED beside the system will indicate the condition of the system using the
E
following color code.
Bathroom Exhaust Fan
Fresh Water, LP Gas, Battery are as follows:
The bathroom exhaust fan is in the bathroom ceiling and is opened by pushing up on
Green LED = 3/8 to Full
the handle running across the fan opening.
Yellow LED = 1/4
Red LED = 1/8 to Empty
Shower Head
Gray Water, Black Water are as follows:
The lavatory sink spout pulls out for the shower head. It is designed to give maximum
Green LED = Empty to 5/8
flexibility in usage, and provides for water saving techniques when using your trailer on
Yellow LED = 3/4
self-containment. It can be held in the hand and moved about the body. Normally the
Red LED = 7/8 to Full
best water conservation procedure is to wet the entire body and then turn the water
off. Apply soap, lather thoroughly, and then rinse the soap off. The telephone shower
Water Heater Switch
head is also used to fill the tub for taking a bath.
The water heater switch with a red indicator light is for lighting the water heater and
The 16 ft. Bambi has the added feature of using your shower head has an exterior
is located on the CS wall above the rear desk on the 22 Ft. model, on the galley wall
shower. An exterior door is provided to run the shower head and hose to the outside
in the 16 ft, 25 ft. sleep six and 28 Ft. and on the lavatory wall in the 19 ft. and 23 ft.
of your trailer for clean up before entering.
models.
E-3
INTERIOR
Light Switches
Fresh Air Vents
Light switches are located throughout the trailer and are labeled for your convenience.
A control handle operates the ceiling fresh air vents. Turning clockwise will raise the
vent. Check your lid gaskets once a year.
To change the bulb in the round ceiling light, first remove the lens assembly. The lens
assembly is spring loaded and pops out of the fixture at its chrome ring. A small screw-
Information on the front high volume roof vent may be found in the appliance section
driver may be used, be careful not to scratch the chrome and be sure the bulb is cool
of this book.
before attempting replacement. The bulb inserts into the ballast by two wire prongs.
Grasp the bulb with a piece of cloth and pull it gently straight out from its ballast. Insert
Storage
the new bulb, and replace the lens. The lens assembly has two grooves that must be
aligned to the light fixture before snapping the lens back into place.
All cabinets and storage areas should have the heaviest items on the bottom and
lighter items overhead. After loading you should have the skillets and can goods on
Battery Disconnect Switch
the floor or bottom shelf, and the cereals and crackers in the overhead roof locker.
Use the unbreakable type plates and saucers, and consider storing your dish towels
The disconnect switch is used to separate the battery from the 12-volt distribution
around them. Better yet, use paper plates. Who wants to wash dishes when on a trip
panel and converter charging system.
or vacation?
When the disconnect switch is turned to “use” (on) and the trailer is plugged into a 110-
Clothes hung in wardrobes should be kept on hangers that snap over the clothes rods
volt shoreline, the 12-volt distribution panel will receive power from the converter as the
to keep them from “jumping” off on rough roads. Evening dresses should be kept in the
battery is charged through the converter charging system. If the trailer is not plugged
plastic bags like dry cleaning businesses use. No matter how hard you try, if you travel
into a 110-volt shoreline, the battery will supply 12-volts to the trailer and no charging to
a long dusty section of road the dust will work its way into the trailer and soil clothes.
the battery is available since the converter is not receiving 110-volt power.
Try to avoid large bulky coats. Layers of lighter clothing will usually keep you warmer,
are more versatile and easier to store.
When the disconnect switch is turned to “store” (off) and the trailer is plugged into a
110-volt shoreline, the 12-volt distribution panel will still receive power from the con-
WARNING: Keep flammable material away from the furnace.
verter, but the battery is disconnected from the system. The battery will not be drained
Remember, heavy items should be stored low and toward the front, lighter items in the
with the switch in the “store” position. The converter will not charge the battery with
rear and overhead cabinets.
the switch in the “store” position either.
The charge in the 12-volt batteries is replenished when towing from the tow vehicle
alternator through the 7-way cord. This charge will go to the battery no matter which
position the Battery Disconnect Switch is in.
E-4
E
INTERIOR
SMOKE ALARM - FIREX MODEL B
7. Smoke alarms have technical limitations and may not respond in all situations. FIRE
PREVENTION is your best safeguard.
Maple Chase Company
2820 Thatcher Road
8. For a replacement Owner’s Manual or Safety Checklist, please indicate your unit
Downers Grove, Illinois 60515-4040
E
model, include a self-addressed stamped envelope and send to:
IMPORTANT INFORMATION-SMOKE ALARM SAFETY CHECKLIST
WEEKLY TESTING OF YOUR SMOKE ALARM
1. Test your smoke alarm every week. To test the electronics, firmly depress the button.
1. FOR A COMPLETE WEEKLY TEST OF THE ELECTRONICS AND THE SENSOR
To test that smoke reaches the sensor, blow smoke in a careful fire-safe manner into
OPERATION, FIRMLY DEPRESS THE TEST BUTTON ON THE COVER OF THE
your smoke alarm.
SMOKE ALARM FOR A FEW SECONDS. The smoke LED (light emitting diode),
which is the indicator light under the clear Push-to-Test button, will blink once per
2. Your smoke alarm will not work without power. Never shut off its power or remove
second while the button is being pushed and the alarm is sounding. The smoke
the battery to quiet the alarm. FOR BATTERY-POWERED UNITS: When your smoke
alarm will stop sounding when you release the button.
alarm “beeps” about once a minute, the battery is weak. Immediately install a new
battery correctly. Be sure to use only batteries specified in Owner’s Manual or on
2. If your smoke alarm has the False Alarm Control or Safety Light feature see “SPECIAL
unit. Test unit after installing a new battery.
SMOKE ALARM FEATURES” for further testing information.
3. IMPORTANT: Always test your smoke alarm upon returning from vacation, or any
3. Clean and vacuum the openings on your smoke alarm once a month.
other time when no one has been in your household or residence for several days.
4. Do not open the smoke alarm or try to repair it. For replacement information see the
WARRANTY in the Owner’s Manual.
4. If a smoke alarm is installed in a mobile home, test the smoke alarm after you
remove the vehicle from storage and before each trip.
5. Verify you have the proper number of smoke alarms in your home and the correct
location for each one. A smoke alarm will not respond well in an incorrect location.
6. If your smoke alarm has one or more of these special features, please note:
•
FALSE ALARM CONTROL (Model C): Pushing test/hush button reduces
sensitivity for up to 15 minutes, minimizing nuisance alarms,
•
FLASHING LIGHT (Model E): Pushing test button turns flashing safety light
on. Very thick smoke may obscure light.
E-5
INTERIOR
REPLACING THE BATTERY
WARNING: If your smoke alarm does not respond as described in any
of the above tests, check that a good battery is properly installed. If a good bat-
The smoke alarm will “beep” once a minute for at least 30 days when the battery is
tery is properly installed, promptly remove the unit, repack it and return it for
weak. The battery must immediately be replaced with a fresh one.
repair or replacement.
The battery should also be changed if it does not sound an alarm when tested. TO
TAKING CARE OF YOUR SMOKE ALARM
REPLACE THE BATTERY:
Your smoke alarm has been designed and manufactured to be as maintenance-free
1. Check if the tamper resist locking pin is installed in the smoke alarm (see “USING
as possible. Here are a few simple steps you must perform, in addition to the weekly
THE TAMPER RESIST LOCKING MECHANISM” section). If so, pull the pin com-
tests described in the section “WEEKLY TESTING OF YOUR SMOKE ALARM,” to keep
pletely out of the smoke alarm using long-nose pliers.
your unit in good working order.
2. Remove the smoke alarm from the mounting bracket by twisting counterclockwise
•
The smoke alarm should be vacuumed monthly or more often if there is
dust, dirt or kitchen grease that can accumulate. Use a soft brush or wand
3. Replace old battery with a fresh one. If your smoke alarm has a safety light, the
attachment and vacuum all slots in the cover and side. FOR YOUR SAFETY,
miniature lamp operates on two AA batteries. (See recommended batteries below.)
you must properly clean and maintain your smoke alarm, since a dirty or
4. Check that battery connections are secure and the battery is secured in its
malfunctioning unit may fail to alarm or cause unwanted nuisance alarms.
compartment
•
If the unit is damaged or fails to operate properly, and you have checked
that a good battery is installed correctly, follow the directions in the sec-
5. Test smoke alarm for proper operation (see “WEEKLY TESTING OF YOUR SMOKE
tion "WHERE TO SEND YOUR SMOKE ALARM IF IT NEEDS SERVICE" for
ALARM” section). The smoke alarm operates on a 9-volt battery. The normal battery
return. FOR YOUR SAFETY, DO NOT OPEN THE SMOKE ALARM AND TRY
operating life will be one (1) year. The life of some batteries may be less.
TO REPAIR IT YOURSELF. While smoke alarms are economical devices,
6. Firex smoke alarms sold with Ultralife long-life lithium batteries require replacement
they contain precision electronic components that are precisely calibrated.
approximately every ten (10) years or when the low battery signal sounds.
The manufacturer must do repairs.
CAUTION: You should only use the batteries specified here or on the label of
the unit.
E-6
E
INTERIOR
For Models A, B, C, E and PB use: Eveready 216, 522 or 1222; Mallory MN1604;
To Remove:
Duracell MN1604; or Ultralife U9VL-J.
5. Using long-nose pliers grasp the head of the locking pin and pull the pin completely
For Model E also use AA Heavy Duty for light power. The miniature lamp operates
out of the smoke alarm.
on two (2) AA batteries. For replacement, use heavy-duty or alkaline AA batteries:
Eveready 1215, E91, or Duracell M15HD, MN1500.
6. The smoke alarm can now be removed from the mounting bracket with a counterclockwise twist.
CAUTION: Do not use any type of rechargeable batteries.
SPECIAL SMOKE ALARM FEATURES
USING THE TAMPER RESIST LOCKING MECHANISM
If your smoke alarm has one or more of these special features, read the following:
E
To make the smoke alarm somewhat tamper resistant, a “locking pin” has been provided
in the base of the unit. It will help deter a child or other individual from removing the
•
smoke alarm from the bracket. See Figure 7. The following directions can install this.
BLINKING LED LIGHT (Models B, C, E and PB): The indicator light under
the Push-to Test button blinks about once per minute to indicate the smoke
alarm is receiving power.
LOCKING PIN
WARNING: Very thick smoke may obscure the light.
INSERT
Figure 7
BASE OF
UNIT
WARNING: Alarm battery is shipped deactivated. Check your alarm for
proper battery installation.
Figure 8
1. Remove the breakaway locking pin from the unit by rocking pin back and forth.
2. Put the smoke alarm back on the mounting bracket. (See section “HOW TO INSTALL
YOUR SMOKE ALARM.”)
3. Using long-nose pliers grab the head of the locking pin and insert into hole located
on the side of the smoke alarm. See Figure 8.
4. The Tamper Resist feature is now installed and complete.
E-7
INTERIOR
LP GAS DETECTOR
DETECTOR TEST
The LP gas detector is located approximately six inches above the floor. LP gas is a
Press the test button for 5 to 6 seconds until the alarm sounds then release the test
mixture of gases produced and sold commercially as a fuel for heating and cooking
button. The red LED should flash and the alarm sound for approximately 4 minutes.
appliances. LP gas is highly flammable and, as a result, can be explosive if ignited
This test should be performed at least once a week during normal vehicle operation,
under certain circumstances. LP gas is heavier than air and, if confined in a closed
and after periods of storage, and before each trip.
space, will accumulate close to the floor. When the LP gas concentration in your unit
LOW VOLTAGE
exceeds 2000 PPM the detector will provide a visual and audible alarm by sounding a
buzzer and flashing the red LED two times per second.
Below 10 VDC the detector will continue to operate but will blink alternately green and
WARNING: Activation of this detector indicates the presence of LP gas,
orange. Below 8 VDC the unit will behave erratically and will eventually shut off. To
which can cause an explosion and/or fire. This normally indicates a leak in the
ensure proper operation, do not operate the unit below 10 VDC.
LP gas installation or a LP gas appliance. Extinguish all open flames, open your
windows and door and evacuate the unit immediately. Do not activate any electri-
COMPONENT FAILURE
cal switch. Turn off the LP at your gas bottle(s). DO NOT RE-ENTER YOUR UNIT
UNTIL A QUALIFIED REPAIR TECHNICIAN HAS CORRECTED THE PROBLEM OR
The failure of any circuit component will cause the detector to display a continuous
A FIRE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL HAS CLEARED YOUR UNIT AS SAFE.
orange LED fault light and a short beep indicating failure. If this occurs, immediately
contact your dealer or Airstream Customer Service for the name of the nearest detec-
OPERATION
tor service center.
Your LP gas detector is wired directly to your vehicle battery and incorporates a 1-amp
Please read the operating instructions for your detector, which have been supplied
in-line fuse. When the device is operating normally the green LED will be lit.
with the paper work of your unit.
WARNING: It is not recommended that the detector be disconnected
WARNING: Have a professional check your system if you have any
from the battery during periods of storage. There is a small heater on the sensor
doubts.
of the device, which “burns” away impurities in the air during periods of normal
use. During periods when power is interrupted, impurities can build up on the
sensor. When power is returned to the detector the detector alarm may activate
until the impurities are “burned” off. This could take a number of hours, during
which time the alarm will be constantly “on”.
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INTERIOR
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
but don’t park so the beautiful lake or steep cliff is just outside your escape
window. Never park your trailer so the escape windows cannot be easily used
for emergency exits.
The fire extinguisher should have the charge checked on a regular basis. Make sure
your family, especially the cook, knows how to release the extinguisher storage
E
bracket, and how to properly operate the extinguisher. If you find the directions on the
WARNING: You and all your family should practice escape procedures
extinguisher unclear, check with your local fire department for professional advice on
so they can be rapidly accomplished even in total darkness. Never block the
its operation and use. We’re sure they will be happy to assist you and your family.
interior or exterior access to the emergency escape windows.
SAFETY: Many things can be construed as safety related, but the most important
These windows are cleaned in the same manner that ordinary windows are. Clean the
is your common sense. If you are careless with matches, cigarettes, flammable
seals with a damp cloth or mild detergent every three to six months, taking care not
material or any other hazardous material, we are sure you realize your potential
to use a strong solvent, as it will damage the seals. A coat of natural silicone lubricant
for accidents is greatly increased.
applied after the seal has dried will keep it flexible. Spread the lubricant evenly with a
brush or finger, working it into the surface. This is a good practice for all rubber seals
EXTERIOR WINDOWS
in your Airstream. For replacement of a damaged window contact an Airstream Service
Center or the factory.
The windows in your trailer are safety glass. To open: release the two lever locks at
SCREENS
the bottom, lift up on the two side operator handles until the window is in the desired
position, and place the operators into one of three positioning slots on the side of the
frames. To lock the windows, reverse this procedure.
Your plastic screens are easy to maintain. Just clean them occasionally with a damp
cloth.
WARNING: The escape windows(s) are identified by red release handles and are opened by lifting up both latches, then turning the latches toward
Note: They will melt at the point of contact if touched by a cigarette.
the center. Push out on the glass and it will swing clear. The window operation
should be checked each trip and the latches lubricated with WD-40 or equivalent
every six months. A loop is provided in the SCREEN RETAINING SPLINE so it can
be rapidly removed. Take hold of the loop and pull the rubber spline out of the
screen frame. The window screen can then be easily pushed out.
WARNING: Check the emergency escape route outside your escape
window at every stop. At each campsite make sure you have not parked in such
a manner as to block the operation of the escape window by being too close to
trees, fences or other impediments. Scenic views are one reason for traveling,
E-9
INTERIOR
EXTERNAL RADIO JACK (Optional)
CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM
Your trailer may have external speaker jacks located by the exterior 110 volt outlet.
The following information is highlights from the folder provided by the alarm manufacturer. The folder, with more detailed information, is contained in your Owners’ Packet.
SATELLITE RADIO (OPTION)
CAREFULLY READ AND UNDERSTAND THE COMPLETE CONTENTS OF THE
The travel trailer may be equipped with a satellite radio. This system is integrated with
INSTRUCTION MANUAL BEFORE USING THE ALARM.
the entertainment system on the trailer. The system owner’s manual is included with
the packet from your dealer.
STORE THE MANUAL IN A SAFE PLACE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE. PAY
PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO THE SAFETY WARNINGS. PASS THE MANUAL ONTO
INVERTOR (option)
ANY SUBSEQUENT USERS OF THE ALARM
WARNING: Activation of your CO alarm’s audible horn indicates the
The Inverter powers the TV and one additional labeled 110 volt receptacle. The inverter
presence of carbon monoxide (CO) which can KILL YOU.
converts 12 volt electricity from your batteries into 110 volt power. The switch for
the inverter is located under the monitor panel. Overloading the inverter will cause a
WARNING: Alarm battery is shipped deactivated. Check your alarm
automatic shut off to activate. Removing the load will allow the inverter to reset.
for proper battery installation.
APPLE I POD / MP3 INPUT. 12V POWER PORT & RCA JACK CONNECTOR PANEL
(option)
WARNING: THIS PRODUCT IS INTENDED FOR USE IN ORDINARY
A 12 volt port, two RCA jack cords, and a plug in is provided with Audio/Video Upgrade
INDOOR LOCATIONS OF FAMILY LIVING UNITS. IT IS NOT DESIGNED TO
option. These are used to for an Apple Ipod or MP3 player input. Use the SOURCE
MEASURE COMPLIANCE WITH OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
button on the radio to access the auxilary port that the Ipod or MP3 player is plugged
ADMINISTRATION (OSHA) COMMERCIAL OR INDUSTRIAL STANDARDS.
into.
INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE AT SPECIAL RISK FROM CARBON MONOXIDE
EXPOSURE BY REASON OF AGE, PREGNANCY OR MEDICAL CONDITION MAY
CONSIDER USING WARNING DEVICES WHICH PROVIDE AUDIBLE AND VISUAL
SIGNALS FOR CARBON MONOXIDE CONCENTRATION UNDER 30 PPM. IF IN
DOUBT CONSULT YOUR MEDICAL PRACTITIONER.
E - 10
E
INTERIOR
HIS CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM IS NOT
Room spaces should be well ventilated when household cleaning supplies are used as
these may cause a false alarm.
Designed to detect smoke, fire or any gas other than carbon monoxide.
E
To be seen as a substitute for the proper servicing of fuel-burning appliances.
Alarm should be tested once per week. If further details are required which do not
To be used on an intermittent basis, or as a portable alarm for spillage of combustion
appear in this manual contact BRK Brands Inc. First Alert.
products from fuel-burning appliances.
Introduction
CAUTION: This carbon monoxide alarm is designed for indoor use only. Do not expose
This alarm which is designed to detect the presence of carbon monoxide. This manual
to rain or moisture. Do not knock or drop the alarm. Do not open or tamper with the
contains information on operation of the CO alarm. The green light flashes at approxi-
alarm as this could cause malfunction. The alarm will not protect against the risk of
mately 60-second intervals to indicate the alarm is operating correctly. The red light
carbon monoxide poisoning when the batteries are dead or missing. The alarm will
will flash continuously and the horn will sound if carbon monoxide is detected. The
only indicate the presence of carbon monoxide gas at the sensor. Carbon monoxide
alarm is suitable for use in areas where cooking and heating appliances burn fuels
gas may be present in other areas.
such as wood, charcoal, coal, oil, gas, etc.
IMPORTANT
This carbon monoxide alarm is designed to detect carbon monoxide gas from any
source of combustion
Carbon monoxide is produced by the incomplete combustion of fuels such as wood,
charcoal, coal, heating oil, paraffin, gasoline, natural gas, propane, butane, etc.
WHAT IS CARBON MONOXIDE
Ideally, it is recommended that a carbon monoxide alarm should be installed in or near
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a highly poisonous gas which is released when fuels are
every room that has a fuel burning appliance such as any room heaters, water heaters,
burnt. It is invisible, has no smell and is therefore very difficult to detect with the human
cookers, grills, etc.
senses. Under normal conditions, in a room where fuel burning appliances are well
maintained and correctly ventilated, the amount of carbon monoxide released into the
Ensure that the alarm horn can be heard by all those who are intended to hear it. Seek
room by appliances is not dangerous.
medical help if it is suspected that a user of the RV is suffering from carbon monoxide
poisoning.
These fuels include: Wood, coal, charcoal, oil, natural gas, gasoline, kerosene, and
propane.
If the alarm sounds, make sure to investigate the problem. Ignoring the alarm may
result in sickness, injury or death. (CO may be present even if nothing is seen or
Common appliances are often sources of CO. If they are not properly maintained, are
smelled by the user).
improperly ventilated, or malfunction, CO levels can rise quickly. CO is a real danger
in “Air-tight” RVs with added insulation, sealed windows, and other weatherproofing
can “trap” CO inside.
E - 11
INTERIOR
The following conditions can result in potentially dangerous CO situations.
1. Excessive spillage or reverse venting of fuel burning appliances caused by outdoor
conditions, such as:
Wind direction and/or velocity: including high gusts of wind. Heavy air in the vent pipes
(cold/humid air with extended periods between cycles).
Negative pressure differential resulting from sue of exhaust fans.
Simultaneous operation of several fuel burning appliances competing fur limited internal air.
Vent pipe connections vibrating loose from clothes dryers, furnaces or water heaters.
E
Obstructions in or unconventional vent pipe designs which can amplify the above
situations.
2. Extended use of un-vented fuel burning devices.
3. Temperature increase that can trap exhaust gases near the ground.
SYMPTOMS OF CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING.
These symptoms are related to CO POSONING and should be discussed with users
of the RV.
Mild Exposure - Slight headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, (“flu-Iike” symptoms),
Medium Exposure - Throbbing headache, drowsiness, confusion, fast heart rate.
Extreme Exposure - Convulsions, unconsciousness, heart and lung failure,
Exposure to carbon monoxide can cause brain damage, death.
WARNING! Many causes of reported CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING
indicate that while victims are aware that they are not well, they become so disoriented that they are unable to save themselves by either exiting the building
or calling for assistance. Also young children and pets may be the first to be
affected.
E - 12
PLUMBING
LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS (LPG)
appliances that light but have lower than normal flame or starve out from lack of gas,
a substantial reduction in the flame when another appliance is operating, or pilots that
Fill Valve
are difficult to light. If this should happen, the following steps should eliminate the
condition:
Your trailer is equipped with LP tank fill valves called “RV Type I Acme” connection.
The large, green, nylon swivel nut is a right hand thread and is designed for hand
1. Close LP cylinder valve.
operation only.
2. Extinguish all flames and smoking materials
3. Be sure all gas appliances, including their pilot lights, are off.
F
The valve features an internal spring-loaded module that will not allow gas to flow from
4. Open LP cylinder valve slowly. DO NOT SNAP OPEN.
the cylinder until a positive seal has been made at the connection. The valve outlet
5. Wait at least 15 seconds before lighting appliances.
has 1-5/16” Acme threads on the outlet exterior and female POL, left-handed threads
6. If operational difficulties continue, there may be a leak in the system. Immediately
on its interior. This feature allows for connection of the new wrenchless, right-handed,
close the LP cylinder valve and have the system inspected by a qualified RV ser-
Acme RV connection and still accommodates the standard left-handed POL fittings
vice technician.
used for filling propane cylinders.
Again, make sure all appliances are off before opening propane cylinder valves.
The mating, green swivel nut and brass nipple also incorporates new features: the
Exception: when reconnecting a full cylinder to an auto changeover regulator
green nylon nut swivels on a black bushing that is heat sensitive. Between 240 degrees
it is not necessary to shut off the appliances or close the valve of the cylinder
F and 300 degrees F the bushing will yield (melt) allowing the spring-loaded module in
already in service.
the valve to push the brass nipple back (approximately 1/4”) closing the module and
stopping the flow of gas from the cylinder. Inside the brass nipple is a flow-limiting
device designed to sense excessive gas flow. If an excessive flow is sensed, the flow-
WARNING: LEAKING LP GAS MAY IGNITE CAUSING A FIRE OR
limiting device shuts the flow down to a maximum of 10 SCFH (Standard Cubic Feet
EXPLOSION WHICH COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS BODILY INJURY, PROPERTY
per Hour) or less. This is also referred to as the by-pass flow.
DAMAGE, OR DEATH.
By-pass flow is extremely important in the proper operation of this connection. The
How long a full tank of gas will last is dependent on usage. In cold weather, when you
flow-limiting device may activate if the cylinder valve is opened quickly. When all appli-
are using the furnace, large amounts of hot water, and are doing extensive cooking,
ances are off, the by-pass flow allows the pressure downstream from the flow-limiting
you will naturally use more than you will in warm weather when you may do limited
device to equalize. When pressure is equalized, the flow-limiting device will supply
cooking. On the average, with normal cooking and other appliance use you can prob-
normal flow to the system. Equalization occurs in approximately 5 seconds and in
ably count on two to three weeks of service from each tank.
most cases goes completely unnoticed. If, however, an appliance is left on or there
is a leak or open flow in the system, the by-pass pressure will not be able to equalize
and allow the flow-limiting device to re-open. Symptoms of this condition would be
F-1
PLUMBING
LPG BOTTLES
AUTOMATIC GAS REGULATOR
Indicator
Window
High-Pressure
Regulator
All models are equipped with an automatic
The following step-by-step procedure gives you the proper method of removing and
gas regulator. Both tanks are connected to
installing these bottles:
this regulator.
1. Rotate the black lever all the way over towards the reserve cylinder. The indicator
Inlet
Change-Over
Lever
Inlet
When the gas is turned on it is drawn from
will turn green and the reserve cylinder becomes the service cylinder. Now shut off
only one tank at a time. When the tank being
the cylinder valve on the empty cylinder.
used is depleted the regulator automatically
2. Disconnect the green swivel nut from the cylinder valve at the bottle to be removed.
switches to the full tank. An indicator in the
(This fitting has a common right hand thread and turns in the same direction to most
regulator knob points toward the tank that
threaded fittings.)
3. Turn the large clamping “T”’ handle counterclockwise until the hold down bracket
was being used to give you a visual reminder
is loose enough to remove the bottle. If your trailer is equipped with a gas bottle
when one tank is empty.
Second-Stage
Regulator
cover the “T”’ handle must be removed, and then remove the cover before remov-
Vent
Outlet
ing the bottle.
Operation
DO NOT REMOVE THE CENTER HOLD DOWN ROD!
Make sure there is propane in both cylinders before you start. Rotate the black lever
To Install
on the top front side of the regulator toward the cylinder you want to use first. This will
be the “service” cylinder and the other will be the “reserve” cylinder. Slowly open both
1. Place the bottle in position on the “A” frame and bottle cross member so that it
tank valves completely, then close about 1/4 turn. This will allow you to easily check
rests on the upper collar of both bottles with the collar rims engaged in the grooves
to see if valves are open or closed. The indicator on the top of the regulator will turn
on the underside of the bracket. If your trailer is equipped with a gas bottle cover it
bright green. The indicator color will stay green as long as there is fuel coming from
should be positioned over the bottles next. Make sure the hold down rod projects
up through the hole in the shroud center bracket.
the service side. When the service cylinder empties, the regulator will start drawing
from the reserve cylinder providing an uninterrupted fuel flow to the system. When it
2. Replace the “T” handle and tighten down until the bottles are held firmly in place.
switches over, the indicator color changes from green to red. This red color indicates
3. Hand-tighten the green nylon swivel nut onto the tank valve outlet.
that the service cylinder is empty and needs to be filled.
4. Turn on gas shut off valves and test all fittings with a soap suds or detergent solution
and watch for bubbles.
Now disconnect the cylinder and have it refilled. After filling, reconnect the pig- tail and
slowly open the cylinder valve. The full cylinder now becomes the reserve.
F-2
F
PLUMBING
LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS (LPG)
WARNING: Use only the gas bottles furnished with your trailer. If replacement is required it must be a bottle of the same size and design.
WARNING: LP gas regulators must always be installed with the diaphragm vent facing downward. Regulators that are not in compartments have
WARNING: The vent at the bottom of the regulator must be kept free of
been equipped with a protective cover. Make sure that regulator vent faces
any obstructions and must be pointed downward. A good habit is to check the
downward and that cover is kept in place to minimize vent blockage, which could
vent each time a bottle is removed for filling. It is especially important to check
result in excessive gas pressure causing fire or explosion.
the vent if the trailer has not been used regularly.
CAUTION: The LPG bottles are securely mounted on the front “A” frame of your
Twice a year, or after a long storage period, we suggest you take your unit in for a
trailer. If these bottles must be removed for service or replacement it is important
checkup and cleaning of the gas operated appliances.
that they be reinstalled correctly in order to prevent any possibility of their falling
off or becoming dislodged during travel.
F
WARNING: Your LP tanks must be filled as directed by the tank manufacturer. Instructions are located on a decal near the fill valve. The decal must
not be defaced.
WARNING: Your LP tank must be, and can only be, placed in the proper
position when remounting on the front of the trailer. In any other position the
base of the tank will not fit into the recess.
F-3
PLUMBING
LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS (LPG)
WARNING: A warning label has been located near the LP gas containBASIC RULES FOR SAFETY
er. This label reads: DO NOT FILL CONTAINER (S) TO MORE THAN 80 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY.
WARNING: Do not store LP containers within a vehicle. LP containers
Overfilling the LP gas container can result in uncontrolled gas flow, which can
are equipped with safety devices that vent gas should the pressure become
cause fire or explosion. A properly filled container will contain approximately 80
excessive.
percent of its volume as liquid LP gas.
WARNING: Do not use cooking appliances for comfort heating. Cooking
appliances need fresh air for safe operation. Before operation open an overhead
WARNING: Do not bring or store LP gas containers, gasoline or other
vent or turn on an exhaust fan and open a window.
flammable liquids inside the vehicle because a fire or explosion may result.
A warning label has been located in the cooking area to remind you to provide
an adequate supply of fresh air for combustion. Unlike homes, the amount of
WARNING: IF YOU SMELL GAS:
oxygen supply is limited due to the size of the recreational vehicle; and, proper
ventilation when using the cooking appliances will avoid dangers of asphyxia-
1. Extinguish any open flames, pilot lights and all smoking materials.
tion. It is especially important that cooking appliances not be used for comfort
heating as the danger of asphyxiation is greater when the appliance is used for
2. Do not touch electrical switches.
long periods of time.
3. Shut off the gas supply at the tank valve(s) or gas supply connection
WARNING: Portable fuel burning equipment, including wood and charcoal grills and stoves, shall not be used inside the recreational vehicle. The use of
4. Open doors and other ventilating openings.
this equipment inside the recreational vehicle may cause fires or asphyxiation.
5. Leave the area until odor clears.
6. Have the gas system checked and leakage source corrected before using
again.
F-4
F
PLUMBING
WATER SYSTEM-SELF CONTAINED
23 ft., 25 ft. and 27 ft. models are in the wardrobe on the floor. The lower panel of the
wardrobe is hinged to open and provide access to the pump.
Fill the water tank by opening the exterior access door and remove screw cap. A
garden hose can now be inserted. It’s a good idea to let the water run through the hose
28 ft. are in the bottom of the refrigerator cabinet, accessed by the lower removable
for a short time to flush it out. Experienced RVers usually fill their tanks with “home”
cabinet panel.
water to avoid strange water that may be distasteful to them.
The 16 ft. and 19 ft. are located under the roadside dinette seat. Lift cushion to reveal
The amount of water in the tank may be checked on the Monitor Panel, or you may fill
access panel.
Water Pump
the tank until water overflows out of the fill.
To clean strainer screen, first remove
F
Open the hot side of the galley or lavatory faucet and turn on the water pump switch
inlet connection from the pump side
located on the monitor panel. For some time the open faucet will only sputter. This is
of strainer. This will allow the intake
because the water heater is being filled and air is being pushed out through the lines.
side of the strainer to be rotated about
1/8 turn counter clockwise and be re-
Once the water heater is full, a steady stream of water will come from the faucet. Now
moved. The screen part of the strainer
open a cold faucet. It will sputter for a short time, but will soon expel a steady stream.
will now be accessible for cleaning.
All other faucets can now be opened until all air is expelled.
Strainer
When reassembling only rotate the
Once the system is filled with water and the faucets closed, the water pump will shut
inlet side of the strainer until the stops
off. When a faucet is opened the pump will come back on automatically. If the faucet is
are felt. The “O” ring performs sealing
just barely open it is normal for the pump to cycle on and off rapidly.
and too much pressure will only break
Intake
Turn Intake CounterClockwise to remove
the strainer.
CAUTION: The water pump must be turned off when hooked up to city water
supply and when you leave your Airstream unattended.
LUBRICATION
WATER PUMP AND STRAINER
If the lubricant appears dried out it should be wiped off the bearing assemblies. A
Water pump and strainer are located:
small amount of automotive wheel bearing grease should be applied to both sides of
each bearing.
22 ft. is located below the range. Open the galley door just below the range and remove
CAUTION: Do not remove the stainless steel screens. These filter screens
the cabinet back panel for access.
should be cleaned without removing them from the plastic housing.
F-5
PLUMBING
FRESH WATER TANK SANITIZING
Note: The sanitizing procedure outlined above is in conformance with the approved
procedures of RVIA ANSI Al19.2 and the U.S. Public Health Service.
Potable water systems require periodic maintenance to deliver a consistent flow of
fresh water. Depending on use and the environment the system is subject to, sanitizing
Note: Two pet cocks, located on the tank pans under the trailer just in front of the
is recommended prior to storing and before using the water system after a period of
wheels on the roadside are the low point drains for the hot and cold water lines. A
storage. Systems with new components, or ones that have been subjected to con-
large valve located on the side of the tank pan on the 22 ft, 23 ft, 25 ft, 27 ft, and 28 ft.
tamination, should also be disinfected as follows:
will drain the fresh water tank sufficiently for most purposes. The 16 ft. and 19 ft. fresh
water tank drain valve is located under the roadside dinette beside the water tank.
1. Use one of the following methods to determine the amount of common household
bleach needed to sanitize the tank.
A)
Multiply “gallons of tank capacity” by 0.13; the result is the ounces of bleach
needed to sanitize the tank.
B)
F
Multiply “Liters of tank capacity” by 1.0; the result is the milliliters of bleach
needed to sanitize the tank.
2. Mix into solution the proper amount of bleach within a container of water.
3. Pour the solution (water/bleach) into the tank and fill the tank with potable water.
4. Open all faucets (Hot & Cold) allowing the water to run until the distinct odor of
chlorine is detected.
5. The standard solution must have four (4) hours of contact time to disinfect completely. If you double the solution, this concentration allows for contact time of one
(1) hour.
6. When the contact time is completed, drain the tank. Refill with potable water and
purge the plumbing of all sanitizing solution.
F-6
PLUMBING
CAUTION: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system served by this
CITY WATER HOOK-UP
heater that has not been used for a long period of time (generally two weeks or
The city water hook-up is found on the side of the trailer.
more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable. To reduce the risk of injury under
these conditions, it is recommended that the hot water faucet he opened for sev-
Use a high-pressure hose of at least 1/2” diam-
eral minutes at the kitchen sink before using any electrical appliance connected
eter. It should be one that is tasteless, odorless
t
City
sound such as air escaping through the pipe as the water begins to flow. There
e
Inl
and non-toxic designed for RV use. The city water
to the hot water system. If hydrogen is present there will probably be an unusual
Water
inlet is a standard garden hose thread. We sug-
should be no smoking or open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
gest you carry two lengths of hose. This way you
have the ability to reach hookups further away
Your plumbing system has a built in pressure regulator to protect your lines and faucets
than normal, plus you have a spare hose should
from extremely high pressures on some city water systems.
one fail or become damaged unexpectedly.
F
After hooking up the hose and turning on the city water valve provided in the park,
slowly open a faucet. There will be a lot of spurts and sputtering until all the air is
expelled from the trailer system. If the water heater and fresh water lines are empty it
will take some time before all the air is expelled and you get a steady flow of water at
the faucet. Once a steady flow is achieved at one faucet the others should be opened
long enough to expel the air in the lines going to them.
F-7
PLUMBING
Be sure to read and follow usage instructions enclosed any scour pad or scrub sponge
GALLEY FAUCET
before use.
MODEL 67315C
•
CAUTION: Do not use pads or sponges that specifically do not recommend use for cleaning polished services.
Manufacturer:
•
CAUTION: Many pads or sponges with green fibrous surface (such as
United States
Canada
Moen Incorporated
Moen Inc.
Scotch-Brite™ heavy duty scrub sponges) contain microscopic mineral
25300 Al Moen Drive
2816 Bristol Circle
particles that can scratch nearly all polished services, including this faucet
North Olmstead, OH. 44070-8022
Oakville, Ontario L6H5s7
finish.
www.moen.com
The LifeShine™ finish can be cleaned with most household cleaners (including mild
abrasives), when used according to their manufacturers instructions for use.
For US customer service, warranty, and a local parts outlets contact Moen at 1-800BUY-MOEN (289-6636).
•
Rinse any strong cleaners off immediately after used to maintain the
LifeShine™ finish luster.
For Canadian service contact: Toronto 905-829-3400,
Rest of Canada 1-800-465-6130
Mild scrubbing with fine steel wool (0000 grade) can remove build up dirt or water
Care Instructions
stains.
As with any fine polished surface, your faucet will retain its shine for years to come with
Visible water spots on this highly lustrous and reflective finish can be easily wiped off
proper care. The LifeShine™ finish on the faucet does not require the extraordinary
with a cloth dampened with water or with glass cleaner.
work needed to maintain most fine polished brass finishes.
F-8
F
PLUMBING
DRAIN VALVES
To Empty Fresh Water Tank
The hot and cold water line low point drain valves on the 22 ft, 25 ft sleep six, 27 ft,
On the 22 ft, 23 ft, 25 ft, 27 ft, and 28 ft. models, a large valve on the fresh water tank
and 28 ft. are located on exterior of the coach for easier access. If you look under the
pan under the trailer drains the water fresh tank. The water tank drain valve on the 16
trailer, you will see a “box” that is a few inches lower than the trailer frame. This “box”
ft. and 19 ft. model is located under the roadside dinette seat; remove the cushions to
or pan supports a water tank. The line drain valves will be the two brass pet cocks on
access panel. Pumping the water out with the self-contained water pump also empties
the bottom of the pan.
the fresh water tank. Simply turn on the pump switch and open a couple of faucets
until the water will no longer comes out.
The 23 ft and 25 ft. front bed model has the low point drain valves located inside the
roadside rear exterior access door.
On the 22 ft, 23 ft, 25 ft, 27 ft, and 28 ft. models, an additional 1 ¼” drain plug is
located on the bottom of the tank inside the galvanized “box”. The plug is accessible
F
The 19 ft. line drain valves are located in two different places. Two are located under
by removing an inspection plate close to the petcock that can be seen on the bottom
the rear bed and access has been provided in the bed top under the mattress. (If you
of the tank support pan. There may be a little Styrofoam insulation covering the plug
are long and lanky, they can be reached through the exterior storage compartment.)
that should be carefully removed and replaced.
The other two line drain valves are located under the roadside dinette seat. Remove
Note: For winterizing purposes, only the large tank drain valve needs to be opened to
the cushions to access a removable panel in the lounge top.
drain the fresh water tank.
The 16 ft model has two drain valves that are located under the roadside dinette seat.
Water Heater Draining
Remove the cushions to access a removable panel in the lounge top.
Open these low points drain valves and use the hitch jack to raise and lower the trailer
All models have a drain plug or petcock on the water heater. Access is from the exte-
front end to drain the water out of the hot and cold water lines.
rior. The plug or valve is usually located in the lower left corner, viewed as you face the
exterior of the water heater.
TOILET SHUTOFF VALVE
Your Airstream has one other water shutoff valve. It is located behind the toilet and
used to shut water off to the toilet in an emergency or service situation.
F-9
PLUMBING
WINTERIZING AND STORAGE
5. Turn the pump switch OFF after all water has been removed from the storage tank.
When storing your trailer for short or long periods use the same precautions as you
6. Remove outlet hose from water pump.
would in your own home in regard to perishables, ventilation and rain protection. In
addition, for prolonged storage periods flush out all the drain lines and the holding
7. Disconnect the water pump inlet connection and turn the pump on until all the water
tanks. Also drain the entire water system including the water heater and the water
is expelled. This water, about ½ cup, can be caught in a towel or rag.
storage tank. Instructions for draining the water system are explained in the following
paragraphs on winterizing.
8. Lower the front of the trailer as far as the jack will allow until water ceases to drain,
then raise the jack up as high as it will go and let any remaining water drain out.
THE MAIN CONSIDERATION IN WINTERIZING IS TO GUARD AGAINST FREEZING
DAMAGE TO THE HOT AND COLD WATER SYSTEMS, THE WASTE DRAIN SYSTEM
9. After the water has stopped running from the drain lines, apply at least 60 lbs, of
(INCLUDING THE TRAPS), AND THE WATER HOLDING TANKS, THE WATER HEATER,
air pressure at the city water inlet. An air to city water adapter is available from your
AND THE BATTERY.
dealer’s RV accessory store. Be sure the toilet valve and all drain valves and faucets
are open and pump outlet hose is disconnected. This can be accomplished at a
To completely winterize your trailer follow this procedure.
service station and will force any remaining water from the water heater and remove
any water which may be trapped in low areas.
1. Level the trailer from side to side and front to rear. Open all faucets
10. Pour a cup of *approved non-toxic RV antifreeze into the lavatory, sink and tub
2. Turn the water pump switch to the ON position to expel water from the storage tank
drains to prevent trap freeze-up.
or open the fresh water tank drain valve.
*Approved and listed by a recognized testing authority such as UL (Underwriter Lab).
3. Open all low point water drain valves including drain plug or valve on water heater
CAUTION Remove all RV anti-freeze spillage from all drain and faucet
(See drain valves on previous page).
parts after winterizing. Failure to do so could result in damage to the plumbing
4. While the water is draining from the system, open and flush the toilet-flushing valve.
fixture’s finish.
Depress hand spray lever while holding the spray head down inside the bowl.
Depress hand spray thumb button on the telephone shower head while holding
11. Be sure to open the waste holding tank drain valves and drain and flush the
down inside the tub and drain all water from the flexible hose. Unscrew the heads
tanks thoroughly (THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT AS THE SEWAGE IN THE TANKS, IF
on both spray units and store.
FROZEN, COULD SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE TANKS.)
12. Remove the cartridge of the water purifier and leave the purifier valve in the open
position. (If so equipped.)
F - 10
F
PLUMBING
Water heater by-pass valves location:
13. Remove the battery from your trailer and store in a cool dry place where there is
no danger of freezing. It is very important for optimum life of a battery to check it
16 Ft. and 22 Ft. unit are under the roadside wardrobe hinged bottom shelf.
periodically and to keep it fully charged.
19 Ft. is under the bed on the roadside through a hole cut in the bed top.
23 Ft. is under the bed and accessed through a hole cut in the bed top or through the
14. Remove any items (food, cosmetics, etc.) from trailer interior that might be dam-
rear exterior access door..
aged by freezing - or might damage the trailer if containers break.
25 Ft. Sleep six is through the curbside rear exterior access door.
For additional winterizing protection add a non-toxic antifreeze (approved for drinking
25 Ft. Front Bed is through the curbside front exterior access door.
water system) to the water lines using the following procedure.
27 Ft. front bed model is under bathroom lavatory.
28 Ft. unit are under the roadside wardrobe, remove front panel for access.
1. Reconnect all lines except the hose to the pump inlet port. Close all drain valves.
Normal flow position is: shut off valve B - open valves A and C. In some models the
valves may be in a horizontal pattern or on top of the heater, rather than the vertical
2. Turn water heater by-pass valves to the by-pass position. See Shut off Valves expla-
F
shown in the illustration. Valve operating sequence will be the same. Open valve B and
nation in this section.
close valves A and C to by-pass filling the water heater for winterizing. Valves may be
on top of water heater.
3. Attach a length of hose to the pump inlet port. This piece of hose should be long
enough for the free end to be inserted into and reach the bottom of the antifreeze
container.
4. Dilute the antifreeze solution in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
5. Open all water faucets.
Hot
A
6. Insert hose length into the antifreeze container, turn the pump switch on, and run the
B
water pump until the antifreeze solution fills all water lines. Flush toilet. Work hand
shower spray while holding down in tub.
C
7. Shut off the pump and close all faucets.
8. Disconnect the hose length from pump inlet fitting and reconnect water system
inlet line.
F - 11
Cold
PLUMBING
DRAIN AND WASTE SYSTEM
dumping station. For complete instructions on this panel see section G.
Your trailer has a drain and waste system that includes waste-holding tanks made from
Emptying Tanks
molded plastic, free from corrosion problems, with trouble-free dump valves.
Almost all campgrounds will have dumping facilities. Park directories such as Woodalls
The MAIN (BLACK) HOLDING TANK enables you to use the toilet for several days away
and Rand McNally also list dumping stations.
from disposal facilities. The wastewater from the sink, shower, bath and lavatory drains
in the AUXILIARY (GRAY) HOLDING TANK except for the 28’ models which has the
To empty one or both tanks attach the sewer hose by pressing the bayonet fitting onto
lavatory sink hooked to the black tank. Each tank has its own dump valve, however,
the dump valve outlet and rotate clockwise until it feels solid and secure. Attach the
both tanks drain through a common outlet. Therefore, you need to make only one
outlet end of the hose to the sewage outlet; making sure that the hose is placed so it
connection when hooking up in a trailer park with sewer facilities.
will drain completely.
NOTE: The 16’ model has a Black/Gray Combination tank. All waste water and black
Pull the dump valve handle as far as it will go and wait until the tank is drained. When
water drains to this tank.
dumping, the main holding tank should be dumped first; then the auxiliary holding
tank. This will help to rinse out the sewer line with auxiliary holding tank water.
CAUTION: Never put wet strength paper towels or tissues in your holding tank
since they won’t dissolve and can “catch” in the mechanism of the dump valve.
The main holding tank must be flushed out until all paper and waste material is re-
Colored toilet tissue is slower to dissolve than white. Most RV accessory stores
moved. Close the dump valve and refill the tank with clean water and repeat until
offer tissue designed for RVs that will completely dissolve.
clean. Replace the cap prior to traveling.
Deodorizers
There are many deodorizers on the market in tablet, liquid and powder form. These
not only combat odor, but also stimulate the bacteria that works to dissolve the solids
in your tank.
Monitor Panel
Check your monitor panel frequently. When the MAIN HOLDING TANK, (BLACK) is
completely full, sewage cannot be emptied from the toilet bowl. If the AUXILIARY
HOLDING TANK (GREY) is overfilled, drain water will “backup” into the tub and cause
an unpleasant cleaning job. Never drain the tanks at any place other than an approved
F - 12
F
PLUMBING
When Parked and Connected to Sewer Outlet
BLACK TANK FLUSH
When you are in a park and connected to a sewer outlet keep the main holding tank
Selected trailer models have a water hose connector marked “black tank flush”. To
dump valve closed, and empty the tank every few days or whenever it becomes
use, hook up a hose and turn on full force. Within the tank a spray head with a multiple
almost full. ONLY BY SENDING A LARGE VOLUME OF LIQUID THROUGH THE MAIN
holed head will spray the interior surface of the tank. The vacuum breaker and check
HOLDING TANK AT A TIME WILL TOILET PAPER AND OTHER SOLIDS COMPLETELY
valve will be located inside the trailer above the exterior connection.
WASH AWAY.
The gate valve should be closed for the first couple of minutes, and then opened to let
the water out in a rush. Repeat as needed.
This practice will avoid the accumulation of solids in the main holding tank, which
could lead to an unpleasant cleaning job. Should solids accumulate, close the dump
valve; fill the tank about half full with water, then tow the trailer for a few miles. The
turbulence and surging of the water will usually dissolve the solids into suspension
so the tank can be drained. Keep the auxiliary tank valve open when connected to a
F
sewer outlet.
Draining the tanks as described will protect them from freezing during storage. When
traveling in sub-freezing temperatures use a winterizing solution designed for RV use.
Follow the directions on the container.
Drain Systems Cleaning
The only cleaning agents that can be used without causing harm to the system are
household ammonia and tri-sodium phosphate in small quantities. Do not use any
product that contains any portion of petroleum distillates. This attacks the rubber seats
of your toilet and dump valve. Also, do not use any dish detergent or abrasive cleaners.
All products should be marked approved for ABS drainage systems.
When winterizing drains use only trailer plumbing system type antifreeze. These are
sold through your dealer.
F - 13
PLUMBING
TOILET
Manufacturer:
Sealand Technology
13128 State Route 226
P.O. Box 38
Big Prairie, Ohio. 44611
Phone: 1-800-321-9866
The RV toilet in your Airstream is a design that has been used for many years.
In normal use simply depress the pedal and this dumps the sewage while fresh water
flushes down the side of the bowl. Water will continue to run into the bowl for a short
time after the pedal is released.
F
CAUTION: When you dump the bowl of the toilet make sure all paper and solids
have cleared the mechanism before you allow it to close. Failure to do so can
cause the mechanism to become jammed and it will no longer close completely.
The Owner’s Manual supplied with the toilet has several maintenance and cleaning
instructions. Please read and follow all instructions.
F - 14
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
12 VOLT OPERATION
BATTERY DISCONNECT SWITCH
The major portion of electrical power in your Airstream is 12-volt. The 12-volt cur-
The disconnect switch is used to separate the battery from the 12-volt distribution
rent powers the fans, furnaces, water pump, and water heater ignition. The exception
panel and converter charging system.
would be the air conditioner and microwave oven.
When the switch is turned “use” (on) and the trailer is plugged into a 110-volt shoreAll 12-volt current comes through the battery system in the front of your trailer. The
line, the 12-volt distribution panel will receive power from the converter and the battery
battery is accessible in the battery box on the A-frame of your trailer. Power from the
will be charged through the converter charging system.
battery goes to a set of four Type 2 thermal breakers located under the front bed and
riveted to the inside skin front plate. The breakers are ties together by a brass bus
When the switch is turned to “store” (off) and the trailer is plugged into a 110-volt
bar. One breaker (30 Amp.) protects the 12-volt tow vehicle charge line coming from
shoreline, the 12-volt distribution panel will still receive power from the converter, but
the 7-way cord. Another breaker (20 Amp.) feeds the trailer brakes breakaway switch
the battery is disconnected from the system. The battery will not be drained with the
located near the hitch coupler. A 50 amp. breaker feeds the Battery Disconnect relay.
switch in the store position. The converter will not charge the battery with the switch
The current leaves the relay and goes to the 12-volt distribution panel located in the
in this position.
converter and then to the rest of the trailer. Open the brown decorative door on the
G
front of the converter under the dinette to access the panel and its fuses. A 12-volt
The charge in the 12-volt batteries is replenished when towing from the tow vehicle
layout diagram is shown later in this section.
alternator through the 7-way cord. This charge will go to the battery no matter which
position the Battery Disconnect Switch is in.
G-1
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
BATTERY
a solution of baking soda, rinse in clear water, and dry.
WARNING: Before inspecting or servicing storage battery, read and
Note: Care must be used to make sure soda is not allowed to enter battery cells.
follow battery manufacturers cautions and directions.
To insure maximum battery capacity on the charge and the discharge, the bat-
CAUTION:
A normal battery can discharge by itself in 30 to 40 days when not
tery terminals and the inside portion of the cable connector should be scraped
in use, therefore, IT IS NECESSARY TO PERIODICALLY CHECK THE BATTERY
or brushed until both of these surfaces are shiny bright. The cable connectors
AND CHARGE IT AS IS NECESSARY.
should then be reconnected to the battery and tightened. The complete assembly, battery post and cable connector should be coated with heavy body mineral
grease, petroleum grease or petroleum jell.
We suggest checking the battery at least every two weeks in freezing weather. The
temperature at which a battery will freeze depends on the condition of its charge. As
an example: a fully charged battery with a specific gravity of 1.265 will not freeze until
CAUTION: RECONNECT THE BATTERY CABLES TO THE CORRECT BATTERY
the electrolyte temperature drops to - 71.3 degrees F, while a discharged battery will
POSTS. The black cable should be connected to the negative (-) post and the red
freeze at +19 degrees F. The following table shows the freezing points of batteries at
cable to the (+) post. The polarity of your tow vehicle must also be negative (-) ground
various specific gravity readings, temperature corrected 80 degrees F.
since it must always match the trailer. Most tow vehicles are negative grounded, but
always check your vehicle owner’s manual to be sure.
1.265
-71.3 F
1.250
-62 F
1.200
-16 F
1.100
+5 F
1.150
+19 F
ADD WATER TO CELLS AS NECESSARY. Check the electrolyte level at least once a
month. When you are traveling steadily and for an extended period of time, or if you are
in climates above 90 degrees F, check the electrolyte level about every two weeks.
WARNING: When checking or filling the electrolyte level in the batteries, do not allow battery electrolyte to contact skin, eyes, fabric, or painted
Do not add water to a battery in freezing temperatures unless the vehicle will be put to
surfaces. The electrolyte is a sulfuric acid solution, which could cause serious
use at once, otherwise the added water may freeze. Neglect is expensive. Care costs
personal injury or damage to the trailer. Wear complete splash proof goggles and
little. Check your batteries regularly.
clothing protection when working with batteries. Avoid touching your eyes while
working near batteries.
MAINTAIN A CLEAN BATTERY TOP AND CHECK TERMINALS AND CABLES FOR
TIGHTNESS AND CLEANLINESS. A dirty battery will dissipate its charge through
CAUTION: Do not fill battery above the split ring in filler opening. DO NOT
surface contamination. Clean battery top with a damp cloth and dry thoroughly.
MEASURE SPECIFIC GRAVITY IMMEDIATELY after adding water. The water must
mix with the electrolyte by charging or by driving a few miles.
The terminals should be tight and free of corrosion. To clean terminals, neutralize with
G-2
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
At service stations make certain they give your battery a slow charge because quick
Some situations, which may indicate a need for battery replacement, are:
charges will drastically shorten the life of the battery, as will allowing repeated com1. Loss of more water in one cell than others.
plete discharges.
2. Continuous loss of water in all cells-perhaps accompanied by overheating or ex-
POWER CENTER (Converter, 12-Volt Distribution, 110 Volt Distribution)
MagneTec 7355
treme gassing and bubbling.
3. A marked difference in the specific gravity reading between cells.
Manufacturer:
WARNING: The gases generated within a storage battery cell may be
MagneTec
ignited by an open flame or spark in the vicinity of the battery. Do not use a match
102 North Main Street
or flame to provide light for checking the level of the water.
Goodland, Indiana 47948
Phone: (800) 443 4859
During the winter the battery should be removed from the trailer and stored in a cool,
Fax: (219) 297 2305
dry place, where there is no danger of freezing. It should be kept full of water, cleaned
G
and charged monthly. A battery that is allowed to completely lose its charge will never
The converter/charging system is the interior low voltage electrical system that enables
regain its original power or a full charge.
you to use the interior lights, fans, pumps and 12-volt appliances whether operating
on self-contained battery power or 120-volt city power. The 12-volt light bulbs give off
Remove the battery from its container.
the same light as regular household bulbs, so that when operating on self-contained
battery power, everything works normally except the 110-volt convenience outlets and
For battery service or replacement, go to any service station or dealer who sells and
110-volt appliances. The converter system is designed to maintain constant output
services the make battery installed in your trailer.
voltages regardless of the variances that occur in city power systems.
When being towed, the 12-volt battery in your trailer is receiving a constant charge
from the vehicle’s generator or alternator through the seven-way connector.
Your tow vehicle’s voltage regulator controls the charge rate. It is important to keep the
seven-way connector clean. One method is to use “Spra-Kleen”.
Whenever possible use the automatic built in charge of the converter system for charging. The charging circuit automatically controls the current, reducing it as the battery
increases in charge.
G-3
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
12V POWER CIRCUITS
CONVERTER OPERATION
The current in the converter system is 12 volts direct current (12VDC) negative
The MagneTec 7300 series electronic power converter is designed to supply the
grounded.
nominal 12-volt filtered D.C. power for all 12 volt operated devices encountered in RV
service. Although the converter is an excellent battery charger, the converter does not
Power sources that supply 12VDC current to the system are as follows:
require a battery to be connected to it for proper operation.
CAUTION: When installing a battery (s) always observe polarity. Connecting a bat-
A.
Main charge line from tow vehicle
B.
Trailer Battery
D.C. distribution fuse block.
C.
Converter
120 VOLT AC PANEL BOARD
tery reverse polarity will blow the power converter main fuses located on the 12 volt
The power sources above are all electrically connected to the 12-volt distribution fuse
The AC panel board section of the series 7300 is located behind the decorative door
panel that distributes current to interior branch circuits. The circuits provide power to
in the upper left-hand corner. This panel contains the 120 Vac branch circuit breakers
operate all 12-volt DC lights, pumps, motors and appliances.
for your RV. One of the breakers controls the 120 volt power to the 12 volt converter
section located in the lower half of the 7300. This breaker may also control another
The 7300 series power converter is a solid-state electronic power supply and is main-
branch circuit. Check the label next to each breaker for what each branch circuit
tenance free. It is so self-sufficient and quiet that you will probably not know it is
breaker controls.
working except for the fact that your batteries are always charged, and your 12-volt
lights and appliances always work. If any 12-volt appliance fails to operate, first check
The 120 volt circuits may be turned “on” my putting their breaker handle up to the on
your recreational vehicles 12-volt distribution fuse block located behind the decorative
position or “off” by flipping the handle down to the off position. To reset the tripped
front door in the front right hand corner of the converter and inspect all fuses. If a fuse
breaker move handle to off then on.
is opened or blown replace it with the same size fuse (never install a larger use). If
CONVERTER COOLING SYSTEM
the fuse opens again, have an electrician or certified RV technician locate the circuit
trouble. Replace blown fuses with Littefuse type 257 fuses only.
The 7300 electronic fan cooling system is the key to long life and trouble-free operaIf the 7300 series power converter is not working, first confirm the RV supply or shore-
tion. The fan is never on more than required to cool electronic components in the
line cord is plugged into a live circuit. Then check all the 120-volt breakers in your
converter. You may never hear the fan operate.
RV distribution panel to make sure they are on. If the breaker is tripped, follow the
instructions to reset the breakers. If the breaker trips again, consult an electrician or
certified RV technician.
G-4
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
12-VOLT INTERIOR
Distribution Panel, USA
The low voltage distribution panel is located in the MagneTec Series 7300 Series
Power Center. Open the brown door to access the panel.
All circuits are labeled on the 12-volt fuse panel.
GLASS MATT BATTERIES (Optional w/Solar Panel Charging System)
In AGM sealed batteries, the acid is absorbed between the plates and immobilized
by a very fine fiberglass mat. No silica gel is necessary. This glass mat absorbs and
immobilizes the acid while still keeping the acid available to the plates. This allows a
fast reaction between acid and plate material.
G
Battery Maintenance is an important issue. The battery should be cleaned using a
baking soda and water mix; a couple of table spoons to a pint of water. Cable connection needs to be clean and tightened regularly.
G-5
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
TV ANTENNA
Checking Operation
Manufacturer:
1. Tune TV receiver to nearest station and rotate an-
Winegard Company
3000 Kirkwood Street
Raising Antenna
tenna for best picture and sound.
2. Turn off switch on power supply. Picture on TV
Burlington, Iowa 52601
receiver should be considerably degraded with the
Phone: 800-843-4741
power off.
Raising Antenna to Operating Position
DO’S
Rotating Antenna
Turn elevating crank in “UP” direction until some resistance to turning is noted. Antenna is now in operating
position. Check to make sure switch on front TV jack
is on.
1. Do check parking location for obstructions before
raising antenna.
2. Do carefully raise, lower and rotate - if difficult, check
for cause.
Rotating Antenna
3. Do rotate slowly when selecting station and check
fine-tuning on TV set to make sure it is properly
Make sure antenna is in “UP” position. Pull down on
directional handle with both hands until it disengages
adjusted.
4. Do lower antenna before moving vehicle.
ceiling plate and rotate for best picture and sound on
television set.
DON’TS
1. Don’t force elevating crank up or down. Check for
Lowering Antenna to Travel Position
cause of trouble.
2. Don’t rotate directional handle hard against stops.
Rotate antenna until pointer on directional handle
3. Don’t travel with lift in up position.
aligns with pointer on ceiling plate.
4. Don’t leave lift part way up or down.
5. Don’t apply sealing compound or paint over top of
WARNING: Antenna must be in “down”
base plate or anywhere on lift.
position while traveling to prevent damage.
Turn elevating crank in the “Down” direction until resistance is noted. Antenna is now locked in travel position.
G-6
Lowering Antenna
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Maintenance
Wireless Speakers (Optional)
Lubrication
Your trailer may have wireless speakers which is included in the optional upgrade
package. An operating guide is included with each kit. A port is located in the selector
To lubricate the elevating gear apply a liberal amount of silicone spray lubricant to the
switch to plug the speaker sending unit.
elevating gear with the lift in the down position, then run the lift up and down a few
times to distribute lubricant over gears.
Operating Guide
Lubricating Rotating Gear Housing
-Turn Master Volume to 10.
-Turn speaker selection to outdoor or both.
In the event that rotating the antenna becomes difficult, lubricating the bearing surface
-Select mono on speaker (if one speaker being used).
between the rotating gear housing and the base plate can restore normal operation.
-Adjust volume on speaker to desired level.
Any spray type silicone lubricant may be used.
-To optimize speaker reception adjust tuning on speaker.
-Red “tuning light” should be solid.
Elevate antenna and remove setscrew from rotating gear housing as shown. Spray lubricant into hole and around edges of gear housing. Rotate gear housing until lubricant
G
coats bearing surfaces and antenna rotates freely.
LUBRICATE HERE
SPRAY AROUND EDGES REMOVE SET SCREW
G-7
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SATELLITE ANTENNA WIRING
(Not available on the 16 ft. model.)
If you compare the two drawings you’ll see wiring for a satellite dish antenna
COAXIAL CABLE WITH CABLE HOOK UP
is relatively simple.
TV Antenna
Units have a faceplate with two coax cable hook-ups. It is located as fol-
Antenna Lead in
lows:
TV
19 ft. model: on the roadside bedroom wall.
Front TV Jack
W/Booster
Jumper
Cable
TV
22 ft. model: above the desk.
Exterior Cable TV Hook Up
25 ft. sleep six and 27 ft front bed models: roadside wall forward of the re-
Dual Coax
Faceplate
frigerator.
23 ft, 25 ft. front bed and 28 ft. models: under the dinette table.
The faceplate has a small coax cable jumper running between the hook-ups
COAXIAL CABLE WITH SATELLITE HOOK UP
to complete the cable TV circuit when in use.
TV Antenna
To install a satellite system use the following procedure:
Antenna Lead in
1. Remove the jumper wire from the coax faceplate.
2. Hook a portable dish into the exterior Cable TV receptacle. This feeds the
Front TV Jack
W/Booster
TV
dish signal to the input side of the faceplate.
Exterior Cable TV Hook Up
Satellite Antenna
3. Install the satellite receiver input and output into the dual coax faceplate.
To return to a Cable TV system, remove the satellite receiver from the faceplate and reinstall the jumper cable.
G-8
TV
Satellite
Reciever
Dual Coax
Faceplate
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SOLAR PANEL PRE-WIRE
access door. The battery buss bar is located under the
plugged into the display panel.
roadside front dinette seat on the 16 ft, 19 ft, and 23
an
ft. models, under the bed on a 22 ft., 25 ft. and 27 ft.
CAUTION: The Yellow wire must be fused with a
Intermountain Solar Technology Solar Panel/Charge
front bed models, and under the sofa on the 25 ft. sleep
10-amp in-line fuse at the 12-volt positive.
Controller/Display System. This system may be in-
six and 28 ft. Battery cables will run to this bar. Roof
stalled on your trailer as an option. A manual on the use
mounted panels require dropping the panel wires down
of the system is included with the Airstream Owner’s
through the refrigerator vent to the inside of the exterior
Blue Delivery Case.
refrigerator access door. Portable solar panels can be
The Intermountain solar panel has charge controller
Airstream
Travel
Trailers
are
pre-wired
for
NOTE: All wires are identified with labels at all locations.
set outside close to the access door. The wires from the
that should be mounted close to the battery buss bars
Intermountain Solar Technologies
solar panel are connected to the positive and negative
as the battery leads are hooked into it to sense the
10288 South Jordan Gateway #D
wires (yellow and green) of the pre-wire system.
actual battery charge. The Cat 5 wire plugs into it also.
2. A Cat 5 patch cord for the solar panel display
The following drawing is the way Airstream wires the
runs from the battery buss bar to an area just below
system on factory installed units and is the recom-
1. YELLOW (like the sun) positive and GREEN (like the
the CatCon monitor display. The solar panel display
mended wiring for use of the pre-wire system.
earth) negative leads runs from battery breaker buss
panel can be mounted just below the CatCon monitor
bar area to a harness inside the exterior refrigerator
panel by routing the proper size hole. The Cat 5 wire is
10. Ga. Yellow
10 Ga. Green
South Jordan, UT 84095
800-671-0169
G
10. Ga. Yellow
10 Ga. Green
This option is not available
Ground Buss
10 amp Fuse
6 Ga. Red
6 Ga. Black
on the 16 ft. model.
6 Ga. Black
GRD.
Battery
Battery
12 Ga. Black
6 Ga. Red
Red/White
Solar Panel
Solar Panel
Display
Yellow
Cat Five Patch Cable
G-9
12 Ga. Red
50 Amp Breaker
Battery Breaker
Buss bar
10 Amp Inline Fuse within
12” of battery
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
BATHROOM EXHAUST FAN
The MicroPulse System makes use of a single solid-state sensor per tank. The
MicroPulse sensor measures the static (head) pressure at the bottom of the tank and
Open the bath cover by pushing up on the handle. Press the switch to run the fan
transmits this information to the MicroPulse System Monitor. Knowing this pressure
value, after a one-time calibration has been performed, the MicroPulse System will
MONITOR PANEL
calculate and accurately display the tank level in 1/8 increment.
Micropulse Systems Monitor
A single sensor is installed on the sidewall of each tank, near the bottom, via a 3/4”
CATCON PRODUCTS INC.
female NPT spin-in thread. The sensor is solid state, there are no moving parts to wear
817-921-2188
or maintain. Because the principle of operation does not involve any electrical current
techsupport@catconproducts.com
flow through the tanks contents (conducted or induced), the nature of the fluid in the
tank is unimportant.
The monitor system has been calibrated at the factory and should never need another
calibration. If you feel the system is not operating correctly, please contact CATCON
Products or a local Airstream dealer. The following instructions are provided for qualified service technicians.
G
G - 10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
NORMAL OPERATION
TO OBTAIN EXACT READING
The MicroPulse Monitor will display the condition of
To obtain an exact reading of all systems press and
This example shows the monitor reporting the
each system at all times. The tri-color LED beside the
release the status button one time. The monitor will
following:
system will indicate the condition of the system using
flash the LED beside the system it is about to report. It
the following color code.
will than display the exact condition of that system by
MICROPULSE SYSTEMS MONITOR OPERATION
INSTRUCTIONS
lighting the bar graph from Empty to Full. The monitor
Fresh Water = 7/8 to Full
Gray Water 1 = Empty to 5/8
Fresh Water and Battery are as follows:
will display the exact condition of each system and
Gray Water 2 = 3/4
Green LED = 3/8 to Full
then return to normal operation mode.
Black Water = Empty to 5/8
Yellow LED = 1/4
Battery = Empty to 5/8
Red LED = 1/8 to Empty
To obtain an exact reading of an individual system
press and release the status button until the LED
G
On all diagrams the Letters R=Red, Y=Yellow,
Gray Water, Black Water are as follows:
beside the system that you want the condition of is lit.
G=Green, Blank=no LED lit.
Green LED = Empty to 5/8
Release the status button and the monitor will display
Yellow LED = 3/4
the exact condition of that system by lighting the bar
Red LED = 7/8 to Full
graph from Empty.
Monitor Display
R Fresh Water
G Gray Water 1
Y Gray Water 2
G Black Water
G Battery
NOTE: The steel LP tanks on the International Trailer
Models do have a level sensor. The monitor system
does not read LP Gas levels.
G - 11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
110-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
To operate self-contained, simply disconnect the power supply cable.
City Power
When your trailer is hooked up to 110 volt AC, the converter system automatically
charges the trailer batteries with the battery disconnect switch in the “use” (on) posi-
The 110-volt electrical system provides power to operate the air conditioner, converter
tion and, if the 7-way cord is hooked up, your tow vehicle battery as well. The speed
and 110-volt receptacles for portable appliances. The power is routed through the
and degree of charge depends on how much power is used for lights and appliances,
110-volt city power flexible cord to the 110-volt distribution panel inside the power
as only the surplus goes to charging the battery. If you are making an extended stay,
converter door, and then is distributed to each appliance or receptacle. 110-volt layout
then you should keep your trailer hooked up to a 110 volt current if it is available.
diagrams are shown later in this section.
While you are connected to the 110-volt receptacle the wiring is protected by circuit
A 110-volt exterior outlet for is located on the exterior wall.
breakers in the breaker panel. The circuit breaker panel for the 110-volt system is
located in the converter. Open the brown decorative converter door under the dinette.
CAUTION: When operating with city power make very certain that the service is
In the event of a failure of a 110-volt circuit, first check your trailer circuit break-
110 volt and not 220 volt.
ers and the breaker for the outlet your trailer shoreline cord is plugged into. If
a breaker continues to trip after you have reset it several times, your circuit may be
WARNING: When the three-pronged plug can be used there will be no
overloaded with appliances or there may be a short in the circuit. Try lessening the load
problems with proper polarity or grounding.
on the circuit. Perhaps an electric griddle, hair dryer, or an electric heater can be turned
off. If that does not solve the problem consult an Airstream Service Center.
In some older parks and other locations where three pronged outlets are not available, certain precautions to insure proper grounding and polarity must be taken. These
All wire, components, and wiring methods conform to federal and state requirements.
precautions are listed below:
1. Attach the three-pronged plug to a two-pronged adapter. The third conductor line
of this adapter has a short wire lead, which must be grounded.
2. For proper grounding connect the short ground lead to a grounded outlet box
or to a cold water pipe. When no water pipe is available drive a metal rod two
feet into the ground and attach the ground lug to it, thus providing the unit with
proper grounding.
G - 12
G
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER (GFCI)
Many states require trailers which are sold in their state,
and which have exterior 110 volt receptacles, to have a
ground fault circuit interrupter.
Trailers manufactured for sale in these states have type
THQL 15 amp GFCI breakers installed on the general
circuit, since the exterior breaker is on this circuit. The
breaker replaced the standard TQL-15 amp breaker.
When properly installed, the GFCI circuit breaker
provides reliable overload and short circuit protection
PLUS protection from Ground Faults that might result
from contact with a “HOT”’ load wire and ground.
G
IMPORTANT NOTE: The GFCI circuit breaker will NOT
reduce shock hazard if contact is made between a “HOT”
Difference in
current
when ground
fault exists
Positive Buss Bar
ON
TRIP
OFF
load wire and a neutral wire or 2 “HOT” load wires.
PUSH
TO
TEST
Each GFCI circuit breaker is calibrated to trip with a
Neutral
Buss Bar
ground current of 5 milliamperes or more. Since most
persons can feel as little as 2 milliamperes, a distinct
shock may be felt if the need for protection exists.
However, the shock should be of such short duration
that the effects would be reduced to less than the
Black-Hot Lead
White-Neutral to load
normally dangerous level. However, persons with acute
heart problems or other conditions that can make a
person particularly susceptible to electric shock may
still be seriously injured.
G - 13
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
While the GFCI circuit breaker affords a high degree of
JAN
protection, there is no substitute for the knowledge that
FEB
MAR
APR
MAY
JUN
JUL
AUG
SEP
OCT
NOV
DEC
electricity can be dangerous when carelessly handled
or used without reasonable caution.
WARNING: The GFCI circuit breaker
provides protection only to the circuit to which it is
connected. It does NOT provide protection to any
other circuit.
2007
2008
2009
2010
OCCUPANT:
2011
Make this test each month and record the date on
2012
the chart.
1. With handle B in “ON” position, press PUSH TO
TEST button A.
G
2. Handle B should move to TRIP position, indicating
that GFCI breaker has opened the circuit.
3. To restore power move handle B to “OFF” and the
to “ON
Important: If handle B does not move to TRIP position when test button is pressed, the GFCI breaker
protection is not complete. If this happens, replace
GFCI breaker.
G - 14
APPLIANCES
proceeding,
WARNING: The operation manual for all appliances is included with the
owner’s packet. Their manuals may contain specialized warnings and cautions
The roof air conditioner used on Airstream trailers is one of the most popular on the
specific to your appliances that should be reviewed prior to operating the appli-
market today. In your Owner’s Packet is a set of literature covering all operating and
ance. If a manual is missing and has not been provided with your trailer, contact
maintenance instructions. If the literature is misplaced please contact the air condi-
the appliance manufacturer, your Airstream Dealer, or Airstream Customer
tioner manufacturer or your Airstream dealer for replacement.
Service to obtain it.
WARNING: Most LP gas appliances used in recreational vehicles are
vented to the outside of the vehicle. When parked close to a gasoline pump, it
is possible that gasoline fumes could enter this type of appliance and ignite the
The voltage to the air conditioner is critical. We commonly refer to 110 or 120 volts,
burner flame, CAUSING A FIRE OR AN EXPLOSION.
but a check with a voltmeter may find voltage much lower. Your air conditioner will
probably not function if the current drops below 105 volts. Low voltage is usually as-
Maintenance: Follow the instructions and warnings noted in the appliances and
sociated with older or poorly maintained trailer parks, but many people have found
equipment owner’s manuals as well as the ones listed below:
their homes, built only twenty or thirty years ago, may not be capable of operating
the air conditioner on some receptacles, Parking your trailer so the power cord can
•
•
H
Annual maintenance should be conducted on propane gas appliances and
be plugged into a receptacle close to the fuse or circuit breaker box can alleviate the
equipment by an authorized dealer or repair facility.
problem. Avoid extension cords and adapters whenever possible. If an extension cord
Insects can build nests in the burners of various appliances and equipment. The
must be used it should be as short and heavy as possible to provide the most current
burner and burner orifice of the propane gas appliances and equipment should
to the air conditioner.
be cleaned out by an authorized dealer or repair facility anytime circumstances or
conditions warrant., but no less than on an annual basis.
If high temperatures are expected, you should make an effort to park in a shaded area.
Starting the air conditioner early in the morning also helps. It is much easier to hold
AIR CONDITIONER
a comfortable temperature than it is to lower the temperature after the interior of the
trailer is already hot.
Manufacturer:
Dometic Sales Corporation
2320 Industrial Parkway P.O. Box 490
Elkhart, IN 46515
Phone: 219-295-5228
Note: Review the air conditioning literature supplied in your Owner’s Packet before
H-1
APPLIANCES
FURNACE
RANGE
Manufacturer:
Princess Range Top
Hydro Flame Corporation 1874
CCD Model
South Pioneer Road
Salt Lake City, UT 84104
Manufacturer:
Phone: 801-972-4621
Seaward Products
3721 Capitol Avenue
The manufacturer of the furnace in your trailer has been well known in the RV industry
Whittier, CA. 90601-1732
for many years. The furnace burns LP gas, and is powered by 12 volt current from the
562-699-7997
battery or power converter when plugged into city power. Operating instructions are
located in your Owners Packet. If they should become misplaced new literature can be
Full Oven
ordered direct from the manufacturer or your Airstream dealer. The manufacturer also
offers a detailed service guide for your furnace.
Manufacturer:
Magic Chef
If warranty service is required contact your Airstream dealer or a service location rec-
28812 Phillips Street
ommended by the furnace manufacturer.
Elkhart, Indiana 46514
219-264-9578
WARNING: Carefully read all the manufacturer’s instructions prior to operating. NEVER store flammable material next to the furnace or it’s exterior vents.
People using gas ranges in their home will find little difference in the operation of
the range in a recreation vehicle. Other customers, used to electric ranges may be
a little apprehensive at first; but will quickly gain confidence. The basic operation of
the gas ranges have been the same for many years, but please be sure to read all the
directions furnished by the manufacturer and located in the Owner’s Packet. Excellent
service and parts manuals are available from the manufacturer.
H-2
H
APPLIANCES
REFRIGERATOR
OPERATION
Manufacturer:
The refrigerator requires 12-volt current to operate its electronic board even if running
Dometic Sales Corporation 2320
on LP or 110-volt modes. The 12-volt is used to power the circuit board that directs the
Industrial Parkway P.O. Box 490
refrigerator functions. When running in a mode such as LP, it means the heat source,
Elkhart, Indiana 46514
by far the largest power requirement; to evaporate the ammonia is being provided by
Phone: 219-295-5228
an LP Gas burner.
Review all Dometic Literature supplied in your Owner’s Packet or stored in the refrig-
The International 16 Ft. Model is equipped with a fan inside the exterior refrigerator
erator prior to operating.
compartment. This fan pulls ambient temperature air across the condensation coils on
the backside of the refrigerator to aid in the cooling. A “Fan Switch” is located inside
In an absorption refrigerant system ammonia is liquefied in the finned condenser coil
the main door on the panel in front of the refrigerator. You may desire to turn the fan
at the top rear of the refrigerator. The liquid ammonia then flows into the evaporator
off when using you patio due to its noise. The fan is thermostatically controlled when
(inside the freezer section) and is exposed to a circulating flow of hydrogen gas, which
the switch is on.
causes the ammonia to evaporate, creating a cold condition in the freezer.
The fan does increase the cooling efficiency of the refrigerator; therefore Airstream
H
The tubing in the evaporator section is specifically sloped to provide a continuous
recommends leaving the switch on whenever the patio is not in use. Please note that
movement of liquid ammonia, flowing downward by gravity, through this section. If the
turning the fan off during hot, humid weather conditions may substantially affect the
refrigerator is operated out-of-level when the vehicle is not moving, liquid ammonia
cooling capacity of the refrigerator.
will accumulate in portions of the evaporator tubing. This will slow the circulation of
hydrogen and ammonia gas, or in severe cases, completely block it, resulting in a loss
of cooling.
Any time the vehicle is parked for several hours with the refrigerator operating the
vehicle should be leveled to prevent this loss of cooling. The vehicle needs to be
leveled only so it is comfortable to live in (no noticeable sloping of floor or walls).
When the vehicle is moving the leveling is not critical, as the rolling and pitching movement of the vehicle will pass to either side of level, keeping the liquid ammonia from
accumulating in the evaporator tubing.
H-3
APPLIANCES
WATER HEATER
SAFETY
Manufacturer:
If your water system is full and cold and the water heater is ignited the system can
Atwood Mobile Products 4750
see pressures as high as 120 psi before the relief valve starts to open. Since the water
Hiawatha Drive P.O. Box 1205
system normally operates in the 40-psi range the water expanding does put unusual
Rockford, Illinois 61105
stress on the system. This normally does not cause any problems, but the stress is
Phone: 815-877-7461
easily alleviated. As the water is heating just open any faucet and run as little as a
cup of water. Just removing this small amount of water reduces the pressure build up
Note: Review the water heater literature supplied in your Owner’s Packet before
significantly.
proceeding,
CAUTION: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system served by this
For fun, watch the sequence of events your family goes through when you park the
heater that has not been used for a long period of time (generally two weeks or
trailer and ignite the water heater. More than likely someone will run water and
more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable. To reduce the risk of injury under
relieve the pressure without even realizing it.
these conditions, it is recommended that the hot water faucet he opened for several minutes at the kitchen sink before using any electrical appliance connected
Water Heater Draining
to the hot water system. If hydrogen is present there will probably be an unusual
sound such as air escaping through the pipe as the water begins to flow. There
All models have a drain plug or petcock on the water heater. Access is from the exte-
should be no smoking or open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
rior. The plug or valve is usually located in the lower left corner, viewed as you face the
exterior of the water heater.
H-4
H
APPLIANCES
CAUTION: Never place Lindeen™ or a like cover over ceiling fan. Greatly re-
HIGH VOLUME ROOF VENT
stricted airflow & increased sound levels will occur.
Manufacturer:
FAN-TASTIC VENT CORP.
WHEN EQUIPPED WITH REVERSE SWITCH
2083 S. Almont Ave. Imlay City, MI 48444
1-313-742-0330
1)
1-800-521-0298
Turn fan motor off by:
a) Setting 3-speed switch to “O” - OFF. b) Closing Dome.
c) Selecting center position on IN/OUT rocker switch
The optional High-volume roof vent system is designed to quickly exhaust stale, hot air
2)
Wait for fan blade to stop.
and draw in fresh air. It’s great to use when the outside temperature really doesn’t call
3)
Select IN position brings air from the roof area into your coach
for air conditioning, but heat has built up in your coach.
(pressurizes inside).
4)
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS:
Or select OUT position, brings air in through any or all openings in coach
and exhausts through the roof.
5)
Turn fan motor On.
1) Open dome approx. 3” or more (ceiling fan has a built in safety switch that will not
allow motor to operate unless dome is partially open).
WHEN EQUIPPED WITH THERMOSTAT:
2) Turn 3- speed knob to desired performance lever (3-Low, 2-Medium, 1-High, O-Off)
H
1)
Follow “Operating Instructions: 1 thru 4
2)
Select desired temperature or comfort level on thermostat. Fan motor will
3) Open a window or door for airflow,
now start & stop automatically as interior temperature of coach exceeds or
drops below selected level.
4) Source of airflow is determined by the window(s) or door(s) opened. For best results,
close all roof vents and open 1 (one) window the greatest distance from your Fan-
NOTE: Fan motor will not start if temperature selected is warmer than interior
Tastic Vent ceiling fan,
temperature of coach.
CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS:
1)
Turn fan motor Off.
2)
Remove 8 painted flat head Phillips screws around perimeter of screen
insert only.
3)
H-5
Clean screen with soap & water solution, dry, and reinstall.
APPLIANCES
NOTES
H
H-6
SPECIFICATIONS
Note: All weights on the next page were made on
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR): is the value specified
prototype vehicles. Your production trailer may vary.
as the load carrying capacity of a single axle system, as
For the weight specifications of your trailer read the
measured at the tire-ground interfaces.
weight label (see location information under “Loading”
section of this manual) and check the manufacturing
GAWR Gross Axle Weight ratings are located on the
tag on the side of your trailer.
manufacturing tag that is positioned on the roadside
side sheet of your travel trailer.
The Unit Base Weight (UBW) and the Net Carrying
Capacity (NCC) is not the same as the Unloaded
Vehicle Weight (UVW) and the Cargo Carrying Capacity
(CCC) shown on the Trailer Weight Information tag in
your vehicle. The UBW and NCC weights are for the
base unit with no options and fluids. The UVW and
CCC on the Trailer Weight Information tag are weights
for the individual vehicle as built with its options and
certain water capacities.
Recommended Cold Tire Inflation Pressure
ST 215/75R-14
50 PSI
ST 225/75R-15
65 PSI
Gross Vehicular Weight Rating (GVWR): is the
I
maximum permissible weight of this trailer when fully
loaded. It includes all weight at the trailer axle (s) and
tongue or pin.
Unit Base Weight (UBW): is the dry weight of the base
unit with bedroom group and without options.
Net Carrying Capacity (NCC): is equal to GVWR
minus UBW
I-1
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
16’
16’ CSA
16’ DWR
19’
19’ CSA
23’
23’ CSA
25’ SS
25’ FB
27’ FB
28’
Exterior Length
16’ 7 “
16’ 7 “
16’ 7 “
19’2”
19’2”
23’
23’
25’ 11”
25’ 11”
28’
27’ 11”
Exterior Width
8’
8’
8’
8’
8’
8’
8’
8’ 5.5”
8’ 5.5”
8’ 5.5”
8’ 5.5”
Interior Width
7’ 7”
7’ 7”
7’ 7”
7’ 7”
7’ 7”
7’ 7”
7’ 7”
8’ 1”
8’ 1”
8’ 1”
8’ 1”
Exterior Height W / AC
9’ 4”
9’ 4”
9’ 4”
9’ 5”
9’ 5”
9’ 5”
9’ 5”
9’ 7”
9’ 7”
9’ 7”
9’ 7”
Exterior Height W/O AC
8’ 8”
8’ 8”
8’ 8”
8’ 9”
8’ 9”
8’ 9”
8’ 9”
8’ 11”
8’ 11”
8’ 11”
8’ 11”
6’ 4.5”
6’ 4.5”
6’ 4.5”
6’4.5”
6’4.5”
6’ 4.5”
6’ 4.5”
6’ 5”
6’ 5”
6’ 5”
6’ 5”
Interior Height W/O AC
6’ 7”
6’ 7”
6’ 7”
6’ 7”
6’ 7”
6’ 7”
6’ 7”
6’ 7.5”
6’ 7.5”
6’ 7.5”
6’ 7.5”
*Hitch Ball Height
18”
18”
18”
17.25”
17.25”
17.75”
17.75”
17.75”
17.75”
17.75”
17.75”
**Hitch Wt. (lbs.)
430
430
480
510
510
700
700
740
820
790
880
GVWR (lbs.)
3500
4300
4300
4500
5000
600
6300
7000
7300
7600
7300
NCC (lbs.)
675
1475
1220
925
1425
1305
1605
1855
1890
1787
1860
UBW (lbs.)
2825
2825
3080
3575
3575
4695
4695
5145
5410
5813
5440
LPG (lbs.) 2 Bottles
20 ea.
20 ea.
20 ea.
30 ea.
30 ea.
30 ea
30 ea
30 ea
30 ea
30 ea
30 ea.
ST 215/
75R14
ST 215/
75R14
ST 215/
75R14
ST225/
75R15
ST225/
75R15
ST 215/
75R14
ST 215/
75R14
ST225/
75R15
ST225/
75R15
ST225/
75R15
ST225/
75R15
Aluminum Wheel Torque ( Max.) Ft. Lbs.
100
100
100
100
100
120
120
100
100
100
100
Steel Wheel Torque ( Max.) Ft. Lbs.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
Fresh water (gal.)
23
23
23
23
23
30
30
39
39
39
39
Gray water (gal.)
N/A
N/A
N/A
21
21
21
21
39
37
37
37
Black water (gal).
N/A
N/A
N/A
18
18
18
18
18
39
39
35
Black/Gray combo (gal.)
21
21
21
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Interior Height W/AC
Tire Size
*Hitch Ball Height
2. Adjust front jack until measurements are equal
The proper height will vary according to the weight you carry and the tires you use.
3. Now measure from ground to the inside top of ball coupler. This figure is the hitch
However, checking the height on your trailer is relatively easy:
height. The hitch ball is then usually set ½” to 1” higher, according to the spring
weight of your tow vehicle, to allow for it to settle when the trailer is hitched up.
1. With trailer on fairly level ground measure from ground to bottom of frame, front
** Without options or variable weight.
and rear.
I-2
I
INDEX
Accessories .......................................................... B-12
Circuit Breakers ............................................G-1, G-12
External Speaker Jacks ........................................ E-10
Air Conditioner .......................................................H-1
Coaxial Cable Wiring ..............................................G-8
Factory Service ...................................................... A-5
Alignment ....................................................... A-4, D-4
Condensation .........................................................C-8
Fans ...................................................... E-3, G-10, H-5
Antennas ................................................................G-6
Converter ........................................................ E-4, G-3
Faucets ................................................................... F-8
Appliances ..............................................................H-1
Connector
Filter, Water............................................................. F-5
Axles ....................................................................... D-4
7-Way ................................ B-2, E-4, G-1, G-9, G-12
Fire Extinguisher ..................................................... E-9
Awning .................................................................... D-2
110-volt ....................................................... C-4, E-4
Flat Tire ........................................................... C-3, D-7
Countertop ............................................................. E-2
Furnace ..................................................................H-2
Back up Camera Pre-wire ...................................... E-9
Coupler ................................................................... D-3
Fuses ...................................... A-8, E-8, G-1, G-4, G-9
Backing ................................................................ B-10
Control Panel .......................................E-3, F-12, G-10
Battery ............................................................ E-3, G-1
Galley...................................................................... E-2
Battery Disconnect ............................... E-4, G-1, G-12
Dimensions ...............................................................I-2
Gas, LP ....................................................C-1, E-8, F-1
Bath Exhaust .......................................................... E-3
Dinette .................................................................... E-2
Gas Regulator ........................................................ F-2
Bathroom ................................................................ E-3
Doors
Grey Tank (Aux) .............................................. F-12, I-2
Bearing ................................................................... D-5
Main .................................................................... D-2
Ground Fault Interrupter .......................................G-13
Black Tank Flush .................................................. F-13
Screen ................................................................ D-2
Grounding.............................................................G-12
Bottles, LP .............................................................. F-2
Drain Valves ........................................................... F-9
GVWR .......................................................................I-2
Brake Controller ..................................... B-9, B-8, D-6
Drainage ................................................................. F-9
GAWR ...............................................................B-5, I-2
Brakes ............................................................ B-1, D-6
Dump Valves......................................................... F-12
Breakaway Switch .......................................... B-2, D-6
Bulbs .............................................................. A-8, G-3
Hitch ................................................. B-1, B-4, B-6, I-2
Electrical .................................................................G-1
Hitching Up ............................................................ B-5
12 Volt..................................................................G-1
Hitch Weight .....................................................B-5, I-2
110 Volt......................................................C-4, G-12
Holding Tanks ................................................. F-12, I-2
Carbon Monoxide Detector .................................. E-10
Circuit Breakers .........................................G-1, G-12
Hitch Ball Height.......................................B-7, D-3, I-2
Carpet..................................................................... E-2
Diagrams
Camping .................................................................C-1
Capacities.................................................................I-2
Coax, TV cable ................................................G-8
Cargo .............................................................. B-4, E-4
Solar panel ......................................................G-9
Humidity .................................................................C-8
Caution ......................................................Introduction
7-Way Cable .................................................... B-2
Chassis ................................................................... D-3
Escape Window...................................... C-1, D-2, E-9
Check List ............................................................ B-12
Exhaust Fans ........................................ E-3, G-10, H-5
City Water Hook-Up ....................................... C-4, F-7
Extended Stay ........................................................C-3
Stabilizing ....................................................C-2, C-3
Exterior Maintenance ............................................. D-1
Tire Changing ...................................................... D-7
Cleaning ................................................................. D-1
Interior .................................................................... E-1
Jacks
INDEX
Lavatory .................................................................. E-2
Satellite TV wiring and hook up ..............................C-5
Length, Trailer ...........................................................I-2
Screens .................................................................. D-2
Upholstery .............................................................. E-1
Leveling ..................................................................C-3
Service.................................................................... A-5
Valves, Drain ........................................................... F-9
Lights .................................................... E-4, G-4, G-11
Sewer Hose .................................................. C-4, F-12
Vents ............................................................... E-4, H-6
Loading........................................................... B-4, E-4
Shower ................................................................... E-2
LP Bottles ............................................................... F-1
Sink......................................................................... E-2
Warning .....................................................Introduction
LP Gas ......................................................C-7, E-3, F-I
Smoke Alarm .......................................................... E-5
Warranty ................................................................. A-1
LP Gas Detector ..................................................... E-8
Solar Panel .....................................................G-5, G-9
Washing .................................................................. D-1
Specifications ...........................................................I-2
Waste System ...................................................... F-12
Maintenance Parts ................................................. A-8
Stabilizing ...............................................................C-2
Water System ......................................................... F-5
Maintenance Record .............................................. A-9
Step ................................................................ B-7, D-2
Drainage .......................................................... F-9
Maintenance Schedule ........................................... A-6
Storage .................................................. B-3, E-4, F-10
Filter................................................................. F-5
Mold Prevention .....................................................C-9
Stove ......................................................................H-2
Heater ............................... C-4, E-3, F-5, F-9, H-4
Monitor Panel ......................................E-3, F-12, G-10
Suspension ............................................................. D-4
Inlet Connection ...................................... C-4, F-7
Sway, Controlling..................................................C-10
Pump ........................................................E-3, F-5
Oven .......................................................................H-2
Overnight Stop .......................................................C-2
Strainer ............................................................ F-5
Table ....................................................................... E-2
Tank ....................................................F-5, F-9, I-2
Tires ..................................................................D-7, I-2
Valves ....................................................... F-6, F-9
Parking ...................................................................C-2
Changing ........................................................ D-7
Waxing .................................................................... D-1
Passing ................................................................... B-9
Loading/Inflation............................................. D-9
Weight ..............................................................B-3, I-2
Plumbing ................................................................ F-1
Overloading .................................................... D-9
Weight Distribution ......................................... B-3, B-6
Power Cord .................................................... C-4, E-4
Rotation, Tire .................................................. D-8
Wheel
Power Jack. ............................................................ D-3
Tongue Latch .......................................................... D-3
Torque.................................................................. D-7
Tongue Weight ........................................................ B-5
Alignment ..............................................A-4, D-4, I-1
Range .....................................................................H-2
Toilet ..................................................................... F-14
Bearing ................................................................ D-5
Refrigerator.............................................................H-3
Towing .................................................................... B-1
Windows ................................................. C-1, D-2, E-9
Regulator, LP ......................................................... F-2
Tow Vehicle ............................................................. B-1
Winter Traveling ......................................................C-7
Roof Vents ............................................ E-3, H-5, G-10
TV ...........................................................................C-5
Winterizing ............................................................ F-10
TV Antenna .............................................................G-6
Safety ...............................A-5, C-1, E-5, E-8, E-9, F-3
Safety Chains ......................................................... B-7
Sanitizing ................................................................ F-6
Satellite Radio Option .......................................... E-10
Airstream International Trailer Owners Manual
©AIRSTREAM INC. 2007