Owner`s manual | Alpine 68-14470Z66-A GPS Receiver User Manual

3
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
A card containing important ATV safety information should be
attached to the owner's manual on the next page. If you cannot
locate this card, or if it has been removed, please call 1-800-3423764 for assistance.
WELCOME
Thank you for purchasing a Polaris vehicle, and welcome to our worldwide family of Polaris owners. We proudly produce an exciting line of
utility and recreational products.
• Snowmobiles
• All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
• RANGER utility vehicles
• Victory motorcycles
We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and recreational vehicles manufactured in the world today. Many years of experience have gone into the engineering, design, and development of your
Polaris vehicle.
For safe and enjoyable operation of your vehicle, be sure to follow the
instructions and recommendations in this owner’s manual. Your manual
contains instructions for minor maintenance, but information about
major repairs is outlined in the Polaris Service Manual and should be
performed only by a Factory Certified Master Service Dealer (MSD)
Technician.
Your Polaris dealer knows your vehicle best and is interested in your
total satisfaction. Be sure to return to your dealership for all of your service needs during, and after, the warranty period.
We also take great pride in our complete line of apparel, parts and accessories, available through our online store at www.purepolaris.com. Have
your accessories and clothing delivered right to your door!
1
POLARIS and POLARIS THE WAY OUT are registered trademarks of Polaris Industries Inc.
Copyright 2008 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is
based on the latest product information at the time of publication. Due to constant
improvements in the design and quality of production components, some minor discrepancies may result between the actual vehicle and the information presented in this publication. Depictions and/or procedures in this publication are intended for reference use
only. No liability can be accepted for omissions or inaccuracies. Any reprinting or reuse
of the depictions and/or procedures contained within, whether whole or in part, is
expressly prohibited.
Printed in U.S.A.
2009 Sportsman 550/850 XP/XP EPS Owner’s Manual
P/N 9921973
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Features and Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Emission Control Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Polaris Products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Maintenance Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
3
INTRODUCTION
The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this manual
and on your vehicle. Your safety is involved when these words and symbols are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the
manual.
The safety alert symbol indicates a potential personal injury hazard.
WARNING
A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
death or serious injury.
CAUTION
A CAUTION indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury.
NOTICE
A NOTICE indicates a situation that may result in property damage.
The Prohibition Safety Sign indicates an action NOT to take in order
to avoid a hazard.
The Mandatory Action Sign indicates an action that NEEDS to be
taken to avoid a hazard.
4
INTRODUCTION
WARNING
Failure to heed the warnings and safety precautions contained in this manual
can result in severe injury or death. A Polaris ATV is not a toy and can be
hazardous to operate. This vehicle handles differently than other vehicles, such
as motorcycles and cars. A collision or rollover can occur quickly, even during
routine maneuvers like turning, or driving on hills or over obstacles, if you fail to
take proper precautions.
• Read this owner’s manual. Understand all safety warnings, precautions and
operating procedures before operating a Polaris ATV. Keep this manual with
the ATV.
• Never operate an ATV without proper instruction. Take a training course.
Purchasers of a new Polaris ATV and their eligible family members are
entitled to take the ATV RiderCoursesm. Contact ATV Enrollment Express at
(800) 887-2887 or visit www.atvsafety.org for information on enrollment in the
ATV RiderCoursesm.
• This vehicle is an ADULT VEHICLE ONLY. Operation is prohibited for anyone
under 16 years of age.
• Never permit a guest to operate the ATV unless the guest has read this
manual and all product labels and has completed a certified safety training
course.
5
INTRODUCTION
Vehicle Identification Numbers
Record your vehicle's identification numbers and key number in the
spaces provided. Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. An
ignition key can be duplicated only by ordering a Polaris key blank
(using your key number) and mating it with one of your existing keys.
The ignition switch must be replaced if all keys are lost.
Engine Serial Number
VIN
####
Key
Number
550
850
Vehicle Model Number: ___________________________________________________
Frame VIN: ____________________________________________________________
Engine Serial Number: ___________________________________________________
Key Number: ___________________________________________________________
6
SAFETY
Safety Training
ATV safety training is a top priority for Polaris. When you purchased
your new ATV, your dealer instructed you on the authorized ATV
RiderCoursesm available to you and your eligible family members. This
training is included in the purchase price of your ATV. Polaris strongly
encourages you and your eligible family members who will be riding
the ATV to take the ATV RiderCoursesm. You were also provided with
printed materials that explain safe operating procedures. You should
review this information on a regular basis.
If you purchased a used Polaris ATV, you can take the ATV
RiderCoursesm by calling ATV Enrollment Express at (800) 887-2887 or
by visiting www.atvsafety.org. Purchasers of a used Polaris ATV will be
charged for this training.
A Polaris ATV is an off-road vehicle. Familiarize yourself with all laws
and regulations concerning the operation of this vehicle in your area.
We strongly advise you to strictly follow the recommended maintenance
program outlined in your owner's manual. This preventive maintenance
program is designed to ensure that all critical components on your vehicle are thoroughly inspected at specific intervals.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Product Safety Commission at 1-800-638-2772, or visit
www.cpsc.gov, visit www.atvsafety.org, or call Polaris at 1-800-3423764.
7
SAFETY
Safe Riding Gear
Always wear appropriate clothing when riding an ATV. Wear protective
clothing for comfort and to reduce the chance of injury.
Helmet
Eye Protection
Long
Sleeves
Gloves
Long Pants
Boots
Helmet
Wearing a helmet can prevent a severe head injury. Whenever riding a
Polaris vehicle, always wear a helmet that meets or exceeds established
safety standards.
Approved helmets in the USA and Canada bear a U.S. Department of
Transportation (DOT) label.
Approved helmets in Europe, Asia and Oceania
bear the ECE 22.05 label. The ECE mark consists
E4
of a circle surrounding the letter E, followed by the
051039
distinguishing number of the country which has
0006.31
granted approval. The approval number and serial
number will also be displayed on the label.
8
SAFETY
Safe Riding Gear
Eye Protection
Do not depend on eyeglasses or sunglasses for eye protection. Whenever riding a Polaris vehicle, always wear shatterproof goggles or use a
shatterproof helmet face shield. Polaris recommends wearing approved
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) bearing markings such as VESC
8, V-8, Z87.1, or CE. Make sure protective eye wear is kept clean.
Gloves
Off-road style gloves with knuckle pads are the best for comfort and
protection.
Boots
The best footwear is a pair of sturdy over-the-calf boots with low heels.
Clothing
Always wear long sleeves and long pants to protect arms and legs.
Riding pants with kneepads and a jersey with shoulder pads provide the
best protection.
Equipment Modifications
We strongly recommend that consumers do not install on a Polaris ATV
any equipment that may increase the speed or power of the vehicle, or
make any other modifications to the vehicle for these purposes.
The warranty on your Polaris ATV is terminated if any equipment has
been added to the vehicle, or if any modifications have been made to the
vehicle, that increase its speed or power.
The addition of certain accessories, including (but not limited to) mowers, blades, tires, sprayers, or large racks, may change the handling characteristics of the vehicle. Use only Polaris-approved accessories, and
familiarize yourself with their function and effect on the vehicle.
9
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
WARNING
Failure to operate the ATV properly can result in a collision, loss of control,
accident or overturn, which may result in serious injury or death. Heed all safety
warnings outlined in this section of the owner’s manual. See the OPERATION
section of the owner’s manual for proper operating procedures.
Operating Without Instruction
Operating this ATV without proper instruction
increases the risk of an accident. The operator
must understand how to operate the ATV properly
in different situations and on different types of
terrain.
Beginning and inexperienced operators should
complete the recommended safety training before
operating this vehicle. See page 7.
Never permit a guest to operate the ATV unless the
guest has read this manual and all product labels
and has completed a certified safety training
course.
Age Restrictions
This vehicle is an ADULT VEHICLE ONLY.
Operation is prohibited for anyone under 16 years
of age.
Even though a child may be within the
recommended age group for operating some ATVs,
he/she may not have the skills, abilities, or
judgment needed to operate an ATV safely and
could be susceptible to accident or injury.
10
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Handling Gasoline
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain conditions.
• Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline.
• Always refuel with the engine stopped, and outdoors or in a well ventilated
area.
• Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the area where refueling is performed or where gasoline is stored.
• Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck.
• If gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash it off with soap
and water and change clothing.
Exposure to Exhaust
Engine exhaust fumes are poisonous and can cause loss of consciousness or
death in a short time. Never start the engine or let it run in an enclosed area.
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to cause
cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Operate this vehicle only
outdoors or in well-ventilated areas.
Failure to Inspect Before Operating
Failure to inspect and verify that the ATV is in safe
operating condition before operating increases the
risk of an accident.
Always inspect the ATV before each use to make
sure it's in safe operating condition.
Always follow all inspection and maintenance
procedures and schedules described in the
owner's manual.
11
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Protective Apparel
Riding in this vehicle without wearing an
approved helmet and protective eyewear
increases the risk of a serious injuries in the
event of an accident.
Always wear an approved helmet that fits
properly and eye protection (goggles or face
shield).
Using Alcohol or Drugs
Operating the ATV after consuming
alcohol or drugs could adversely affect
operator judgment, reaction time,
balance and perception.
Never consume alcohol or drugs before
or while operating an ATV.
Carrying a Passenger
Carrying a passenger greatly reduces the
operator's ability to balance and control the
ATV, which may result in an accident or
overturn.
Never carry a passenger on this ATV.
12
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Operating on Pavement
Operating an ATV on paved surfaces
(including sidewalks, paths, parking lots and
driveways) may adversely affect the
handling of the ATV and could result in loss
of control and accident or overturn.
Avoid operating the ATV on pavement. ATV
tires are designed for off-road use. If it's
unavoidable, travel slowly and avoid sudden
turns or stops.
Operating on Public Roads
Operating this ATV on public streets, roads
or highways could result in a collision with
another vehicle.
Never operate the ATV on any public street,
road or highway, including dirt and gravel
roads. In many states it's unlawful to
operate ATVs on public streets, roads and
highways.
Operating at Excessive
Speeds
Operating the ATV at excessive speeds
increases the operator's risk of losing
control.
Always operate at a speed that's
appropriate for the terrain, the visibility and
operating conditions, and your experience.
13
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Physical Control of the ATV
Removing a hand from the handlebars or
feet from the footrests during operation can
reduce your ability to control the vehicle or
cause loss of balance and ejection from the
ATV. If the operator's foot is not firmly
planted on the footrest, it could also contact
the rear wheels.
Never remove your hands from the
handlebars while operating, and always
keep both feet on the footrests.
Turning Improperly
Turning improperly could cause loss of
traction, loss of control, accident or overturn.
Always follow proper procedures for turning
as described in the owner's manual.
Never turn abruptly or at sharp angles. Never
turn at high speeds. Practice turning at slow
speeds before attempting to turn at faster
speeds.
Jumps and Stunts
Attempting wheelies, jumps and other
stunts increases the risk of an accident or
overturn.
Never attempt wheelies, jumps, or other
stunts. Avoid exhibition driving.
Improper Hill Climbing
Improper hill climbing could cause loss of
control or overturn. Always follow proper
procedures for climbing hills as described in
the owner's manual. See page 57. Always
move the 4X4 switch to ADC 4X4 before
ascending or descending a hill.
14
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Descending Hills Improperly
Improperly descending a hill could cause loss
of control or overturn.
• Always follow proper procedures for traveling down hills as described in the owner's
manual. NOTE: A special technique is
required when braking while traveling downhill. See page 59.
• Always descend a hill with the transmission
in forward gear. Do not descend a hill with
the transmission in neutral. Always move the
4X4 switch to ADC 4X4 before ascending or
descending a hill. See page 36.
• Always check the terrain carefully before descending a hill.
• Shift your weight rearward.
• Never travel down a hill at high speed.
• Avoid traveling down a hill at an angle, which would cause the vehicle to lean
sharply to one side. Travel straight down the hill when possible.
Crossing Hillsides
Driving on a sidehill is not recommended.
Improper procedure could cause loss of control
or overturn. Avoid crossing the side of any hill
unless absolutely necessary.
If crossing a hillside is unavoidable, always follow
proper procedures as described in the owner's
manual. See page 58.
Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill
until you've mastered the turning technique (on
level ground) as described in the owner's
manual. See page 60.
15
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Stalling While Climbing a Hill
Stalling, rolling backwards or improperly
dismounting while climbing a hill could cause an
overturn.
• Always maintain a steady speed when climbing
a hill.
• Always move the 4X4 switch to ADC 4X4 before
ascending or descending a hill. See page 36.
If all forward speed is lost:
• Keep body weight uphill.
• Apply the brakes.
• Lock the parking brake when fully stopped.
• Dismount on uphill side, or to either side if ATV is pointed straight uphill.
• Turn the ATV around and remount, following the procedure described in the
owner's manual. See page 60.
If the ATV begins rolling downhill:
• Keep body weight uphill.
• Never apply engine power.
• Never apply the rear brake while rolling backwards. Apply the single-lever
brake gradually.
• When fully stopped, apply the rear brake as well, and then lock the parking
brake.
• Dismount on uphill side, or to either side if ATV is pointed straight uphill.
• Turn the ATV around and remount, following the procedure described in the
owner's manual. See page 60.
Operating on Steep Hills
Operating on excessively steep hills could cause
an overturn.
Never operate on hills too steep for the ATV or for
your abilities. Never operate the ATV on hills
steeper than 25 degrees.
16
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Operating on Slippery Terrain
Failure to use extra caution when operating on
excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain could
cause loss of traction, loss of control, accident or
overturn.
Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or
loose terrain. Always use extra caution on rough,
slippery or loose terrain.
Operating in Unfamiliar Terrain
Failure to use extra caution when operating on
unfamiliar terrain could result in an accident or
overturn.
Unfamiliar terrain may contain hidden rocks,
bumps, or holes that could cause loss of control or
overturn.
Travel slowly and use extra caution when operating
on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to changing
terrain conditions.
17
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Operating Improperly in Reverse
Improperly operating in reverse could result in a collision with an obstacle or
person. Always follow proper operating procedures as outlined in this manual.
See page 63.
Before shifting into reverse gear, always check for obstacles or people behind
the ATV. When it's safe to proceed, back slowly.
Improper Tire Maintenance
Operating this ATV with improper tires
or with improper or uneven tire
pressure could cause loss of control or
accident.
Always use the size and type of tires
specified for your ATV.
Always maintain proper tire pressure as
described in the owner's manual and
on safety labels.
18
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Operating Over Obstacles
Improperly operating over obstacles could cause loss of control or overturn.
Before operating in a new area, check for obstacles. Avoid operating over large
obstacles such as rocks and fallen trees. If unavoidable, use extreme caution
and always follow proper operating procedures as outlined in this manual. See
page 62.
Skidding or Sliding
Skidding or sliding can cause loss of control or overturn (if tires regain traction
unexpectedly).
On slippery surfaces such as ice or loose gravel, travel slowly and use extra
caution to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding. Do not operate on
excessively slippery surfaces.
Operating Through Deep Water
Operating the ATV through deep or fastflowing water could cause the tires to float,
causing loss of control or overturn.
Avoid operating the ATV through deep or
fast-flowing water. If it's unavoidable to
enter water that exceeds the
recommended maximum depth (see page
61):
• Travel slowly.
• Balance your weight carefully.
• Avoid sudden movements.
• Maintain a slow and steady forward motion. Do not make sudden turns or
stops, and do not make sudden throttle changes.
• Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. After leaving water, test the
brakes. Apply them lightly several times while driving slowly. The friction will
help dry out the pads.
19
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Improper Cargo Loading
Overloading the ATV or carrying/towing cargo improperly may cause changes in
handling, which could cause loss of control or an accident.
• Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV.
• Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached.
• Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow a greater distance for braking.
• Always follow the instructions in the owner's manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer.
Operating on Frozen Bodies of Water
Operating on frozen bodies of water may result in serious injury or death if the
ATV and/or the operator fall through the ice.
Never operate the ATV on a frozen body of water.
Poor Visibility
Operating the ATV in darkness or inclement weather could result in a collision or
accident, especially if operating on a road or street. This ATV is not equipped
with highway-approved lights. Operate this vehicle off-road only. Use caution
and drive at reduced speeds in conditions of reduced visibility such as fog, rain
and darkness. Clean headlights frequently and replace burned out headlamps
promptly.
20
SAFETY
Safety Warnings
Operating a Damaged ATV
Operating a damaged ATV can result in an accident. After any overturn or
accident, have a qualified service dealer inspect the entire machine for possible
damage, including (but not limited to) brakes, throttle and steering systems.
Physical Skills
Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle requires good judgement and physical
skills. Persons with cognitive or physical disabilities who operate this vehicle
have an increased risk of overturn and loss of control.
Hot Exhaust Systems
Exhaust system components are very hot during and after use of the vehicle.
Hot components can cause burns and fire. Do not touch hot exhaust system
components. Always keep combustible materials away from the exhaust
system. Use caution when traveling through tall grass, especially dry grass.
Unauthorized Use of the ATV
Leaving the keys in the ignition can lead to unauthorized use of the vehicle,
which could result in an accident or overturn. Always remove the ignition key
when the vehicle is not in use.
21
SAFETY
Safety Labels and Locations
Warning labels have been placed on the vehicle for your protection.
Read and follow the instructions on each label carefully. If any of the
labels shown in this manual differ from the labels on your vehicle,
always read and follow the instructions of the labels on the vehicle.
If an informational or graphic label becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety
labels are provided by Polaris at no charge. The part number is printed
on the label.
General Warning
WARNING
Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH
ALWAYS USE AN APPROVED HELMET AND PROTECTIVE GEAR
NEVER USE ON PUBLIC ROADS
NEVER CARRY PASSENGERS
NEVER USE WITH DRUGS OR ALCOHOL
NEVER operate:
• without proper training or instruction
• at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions
• on public roads - a collision can occur with another vehicle
• with a passenger - passengers affect balance and steering and increase risk
of losing control
ALWAYS:
• use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle overturns on hills and rough terrain and in turns
• avoid paved surfaces - pavement may seriously affect handling and control
LOCATE AND READ OWNER’S MANUAL.
FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS.
7175376
22
SAFETY
Safety Labels and Locations
General Warning
Age 16 Warning
Discretionary Warning
Reverse Override Warning
4X4 Caution
Discretionary Warning
WARNING
• Never operate this ATV on HILLS steeper than 25 degrees
25°. To prevent overturn on hilly terrain, use throttle and brakes gradually, and shift
weight uphill.
• REVERSE operation can be dangerous even at low speeds. Steering
becomes difficult. To prevent loss of control, avoid sudden braking or sharp
turns.
7175511
Age 16 Warning
WARNING
Operating this ATV if you are under the age of 16 increases your chance of
severe injury or death.
NEVER operate this ATV if you are under age 16.
7175374
Reverse Override Warning/4X4 Caution
WARNING
Improper use of the override button can lead to loss of control resulting in severe
injury or death. Do not activate override while throttle is engaged. Always apply
throttle gradually, while in reverse.
CAUTION
Do not push switch to engage 4X4 (AWD) if the rear wheels are spinning. This
may cause severe drive shaft and clutch damage.
7175512
23
SAFETY
Safety Labels and Locations
“No Passenger”
Warning
Tire
Pressure/Load
Warning
“No Passenger” Warning
WARNING
NEVER ride as a passenger.
Passengers can cause a loss of control, resulting in SEVERE INJURY or
DEATH.
7175378
Tire Pressure/Load Warning
WARNING
Improper tire pressure or overloading can cause loss of control.
Loss of control can result in severe injury or death.
• Cold tire pressure:
Front: 7.0 psi (48.3 kPa)
Rear: 5.0 psi (34.5 kPa)
• Maximum weight capacity: 575 lbs. (261 kg)
7175440
24
SAFETY
Safety Labels and Locations
Rack
Warning
Rack
Warning
+
+
+
Clutch Cover
Warning
(under seat)
Clutch Cover Warning
WARNING
• Moving parts hazard under belt-clutch guard. To prevent serious injury, do not
operate vehicle with guard removed.
• Do not modify engine or clutch. Doing so can cause part failure, possible
imbalance, and excessive engine RPM, which can result in serious injury or
death.
7175488
Rack Warning, Front and Rear
WARNING
• DO NOT TOW FROM RACK OR BUMPER. Vehicle damage or tipover may
result causing severe injury or death. Tow only from tow hooks or hitch.
• Max. Rack Loads: Front 120 lbs. (54 kg) Rear 240 lbs. (109 kg)
7175448
Hitch Capacity Label
TRAILER MAX WEIGHT:
1500 LBS. (682 KG) ON LEVEL GROUND
850 LBS. (386 KG) UP TO 15° GRADE
HITCH MAX. VERTICAL WEIGHT: 150 LBS. (68 KG)
7170509
25
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Switches
Headlight
Switch
2x4
Mode/Reverse
Override
Button
4X4 Switch
Engine
Stop Switch
Main Key
Switch
Mode/Reverse Override Switch
This vehicle is equipped with a reverse speed limiter system. To gain
additional wheel speed while backing, release the throttle and depress
the override button.
WARNING! Pressing the override button while the throttle is open can cause
loss of control, which may result in serious injury or death. Always release the
throttle before pressing the override button.
The reverse override button also acts as a MODE button when held
down for approximately one half second. The transmission cannot be in
reverse when using the override button as a MODE button.
4X4 Switch
Use the 4X4 switch to engage ADC 4X4, 4X4 or 2X4. See page 36. The
vehicle automatically engages 4X4 when operating in reverse if the
switch is set to either 4X4 position.
26
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Switches
Engine Stop Switch
Move the stop switch either
left or right to the OFF position
to stop the engine quickly.
Move the stop switch to the
OFF
RUN
OFF
RUN position before attempting to start the engine. The engine will not start or run when the switch
is off.
Both the main switch and the engine stop switch will shut off all electrical power to the vehicle, including lights.
Main Key Switch
Use the main key switch to start the engine. See page 53 for starting procedures.
Headlight Switch
Use the headlight switch to turn the lights on and off and to change the
lights from high beam to low beam. The key must be in the ON position
and the engine stop switch must be in the RUN position to operate the
headlights.
27
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Throttle Lever
WARNING
Operating an ATV with sticking or improperly operating throttle controls could
cause an accident. Never start or operate an ATV that has a sticking or
improperly operating throttle. Always contact your dealer for service before
operating the vehicle.
Failure to check or maintain proper operation of the throttle system can result in
an accident if the throttle lever sticks during operation. Always check the lever
for free movement and return before starting the engine. Also check
occasionally during operation.
Modifications to the electronic throttle control could result in failure to perform as
designed, which could result in an accident. Do not attempt to modify the throttle
control system or replace it with any after market throttle mechanisms. Always
ensure that the throttle cable is installed and properly routed to the throttle
control.
Engine speed and vehicle
movement are controlled by
pressing the throttle lever. The
throttle lever is spring loaded.
Engine speed returns to idle
when the lever is released.
This ATV is equipped with
Polaris Electronic Throttle Control (ETC), which is designed to
reduce the risk of a frozen or
stuck throttle. If the throttle
cable should stick in an open position when the operator releases the
throttle lever, engine speed will be limited, and power to the rear wheels
will be reduced.
2x4
28
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Brake Lever
WARNING
Operating the ATV with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of braking, which
could cause an accident. Never operate the ATV with a spongy-feeling brake
lever. Always contact your dealer for service before operating the vehicle.
Squeeze the brake lever toward
the handlebar to apply the front
and rear brakes. These brakes are
hydraulically activated disc type
brakes that are activated by only
one lever.
Always test brake lever travel
and master cylinder fluid level
before riding. When squeezed,
the lever should feel firm. Any sponginess would indicate a possible
fluid leak or low master cylinder fluid level, which must be corrected
before riding. Contact your dealer for proper diagnosis and repairs.
29
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Master Cylinder/Brake Fluid
WARNING
An over-full master cylinder may cause brake drag or brake lock-up, which could
result in an accident. Maintain brake fluid at the recommended level. Do not
overfill.
Never store or use a partial bottle of brake fluid. Brake fluid is hygroscopic,
meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture from the air. The moisture causes the
boiling temperature of the brake fluid to drop, which can lead to early brake fade
and the possibility of brake failure, which could result in an accident. After
opening a bottle of brake fluid, always discard any unused portion.
Check the brake fluid in the
Master
Indicator
master cylinder before each ride.
Cylinder
Window
1. Position the ATV on a level
surface.
2. Position the handlebars so
the master cylinder is level.
3. View the brake fluid level
through the indicator window on the top of the master
cylinder. The eye will
appear dark when the fluid
level is full. When fluid is
low, the eye will be clear.
4. If the fluid level is low, remove the cover screws and add fluid to the
fill line. Do not overfill. Use DOT 4 brake fluid only.
5. Reinstall the cover. Torque screws to 7 in. lbs. (.8 Nm).
30
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Parking Brake
Locking the Parking Brake
1. Place the transmission in
PARK.
2. Squeeze and release the brake
lever two or three times, then
squeeze and hold.
3. Push the parking brake lock
forward to engage the lock.
4. Release the brake lever.
5. To release the parking brake lock, squeeze and release the brake
lever. It will return to its unlocked position.
WARNING! Operating the ATV while the parking brake is engaged could result
in an accident or fire. Always check to be sure the parking brake is disengaged
before operating.
The parking brake may relax if left on for a long period of time. Always
block the wheels to prevent rolling. Always block the wheels on the
downhill side of the ATV if leaving it parked on a hill. Another option is
to park the ATV in a sidehill position. Never depend on the parking
brake alone if the ATV is parked on a hill. Always block the wheels to
prevent rolling.
31
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Auxiliary Foot Brake
WARNING
Aggressively applying the auxiliary brake when backing down a hill may cause
rear tipover, which could result in serious injury or death. Never back down a hill.
Use caution when applying the auxiliary brake. Do not aggressively apply the
auxiliary brake when going forward. The rear wheels may skid and slide
sideways, causing loss of control, which may result in serious injury or death.
The auxiliary brake system is
intended to be used as a backup for
the main brake system. Should the
main system fail, use the auxiliary
foot brake.
The auxiliary foot brake is located
on the inside of the right footrest.
Operate this brake with your right
foot.
If the rear wheels slide while using
the auxiliary brake, reduce brake
pedal pressure to brake the rear
wheels without skidding.
Brake Fluid Level
Check the brake fluid level frequently for the auxiliary brake system. The reservoir is located under
the front rack.
Maintain the fluid level between
the maximum and minimum marks.
Use DOT 4 brake fluid only.
NOTICE: Do not use ADC fluid in the
brake fluid reservoir. ADC
fluid will damage the rubber
components of the brake
system.
32
Auxiliary
Foot Brake
Brake Fluid
Reservoir
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Electronic Power Steering (EPS)
Electronic power steering (if equipped) engages when the ignition key is
turned to the ON position. EPS remains engaged whether the vehicle is
moving or idle. See page 39 for EPS Warning Indicator information.
Automatic Transmission Gear Selector
The transmission gear selector is
Gear
located on the right side of the vehicle.
Selector
H: High Gear
L: Low Gear
N: Neutral
R: Reverse
P: Park
To shift gears, brake to a complete stop. When the engine is idling,
move the lever to the desired gear.
NOTICE: Shifting gears with the engine speed above idle or while the vehicle is
moving could cause transmission damage.
Whenever the ATV is left unattended, always place the transmission in
PARK and lock the parking brake.
Belt Life
To extend belt life, use low forward gear in heavy pulling situations and
when operating at less than seven miles per hour for extended periods of
time.
Fuel Tank
Always refuel with the engine stopped,
and outdoors or in a well ventilated area.
Refuel on a level surface.
Remove the fuel tank cap and add fuel.
Use either leaded or unleaded gasoline
with a minimum pump octane number of
87=(R+ M/2) octane. Do not use E-85
fuel.
The fuel tank is designed to allow for the
normal expansion of fuel. Do not overfill. Do not fill the tank neck.
Fuel Tank
Cap
33
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
All Wheel Drive System
The All Wheel Drive system is
ADC 4X4
controlled by the 4X4 switch.
ADC 4X4 Mode
When the switch is on ADC 4X4,
2x4
the ADC system allows engine
braking to all four wheels when
the vehicle descends a hill or
incline. Always move the 4X4
switch to ADC 4X4 before
ascending or descending a hill.
See page 36.
4X4 Mode
When the switch is on 4X4, the
4X4
ATV is in 4X4, and the 4X4 indiSwitch
cator icon in the instrument cluster display will be visible.
When in 4X4, the demand drive
unit will automatically engage
any time the rear wheels lose
traction. When the rear wheels
regain traction, the demand drive
unit will automatically disengage.
There is no limit to the length of time the vehicle may remain in 4X4.
The vehicle automatically engages 4X4 when operating in reverse if the
switch is set to either 4X4 position.
2X4 Mode
When the switch is on 2X4, the ATV is in two-wheel drive at all times.
2x4
34
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
All Wheel Drive System
Engaging 4X4
The 4X4 switch may be turned on or off while the vehicle is moving.
Initially, the vehicle's electronic system will not enable 4X4 until the
engine RPM is below 3100. Once enabled, 4X4 remains enabled until
the 4X4 switch is turned off. If the switch is turned off while the demand
drive unit is moving, it will not disengage until the rear wheels regain
traction.
Engage the 4X4 switch before getting into conditions where front wheel
drive may be needed. If the rear wheels are spinning, release the throttle
before switching to 4X4.
NOTICE: Switching to 4X4 or ADC 4X4 while the rear wheels are spinning may
cause severe drive shaft and gearcase damage. Always switch to
4X4 or ADC 4X4 while the rear wheels have traction or are at rest.
35
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Active Descent Control (ADC) System
The ADC system allows engine braking to all four wheels when the
vehicle descends a hill or incline. Always move the 4X4 switch to ADC
4X4 before ascending or descending a hill.
Engaging Active Descent Control
The ADC system will automatically engage when all four of the following conditions occur:
• The 4X4 switch must be in the ADC 4X4 position
• Vehicle speed must be 15 mph (25 km/h) or less
• The throttle must be closed (throttle lever released)
• The transmission must be in gear (high, low or reverse)
Disengaging Active Descent Control
The ADC system will automatically disengage if at least one of the following conditions occur:
• The 4X4 switch is moved out of the ADC 4X4 position
• Vehicle speed exceeds 15 mph (25 km/h)
• The throttle is open (throttle is applied)
• The transmission is shifted to neutral or park
36
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Your ATV is equipped with an instrument cluster that senses vehicle
speed from a gear in the transmission. The instrument cluster measures
distance in miles/kilometers as well as hours of operation.
In addition to showing vehicle speed, the instrument cluster also displays the following items: engine speed, odometer, resettable trip meters
(2), total engine hours of operation, service interval timer and indicator,
gear position, fuel level, AWD status, EPS status (if equipped), high
beam status, battery voltage warning, temperature warning and diagnostic display mode. These features are outlined on the following pages.
Directional
Indicator
Rider Information Center
High Beam
Indicator
EPS Warning
Indicator
(if equipped)
Neutral
Indicator
Over-Temperature
Indicator
NOTICE: High water pressure may damage ATV components. Wash the ATV
by hand or with a garden hose using mild soap.
Certain products, including insect repellents and chemicals, will
damage the speedometer lens and other plastic surfaces. Do not use
alcohol to clean the instrument cluster. Do not allow insect sprays to
contact the lens. Immediately clean off any gasoline that splashes on
the instrument cluster.
37
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
The rider information center is located in the instrument cluster. All segments will light up for one second at start-up. If the instrument cluster
fails to illuminate, a battery over-voltage may have occurred and the
instrument cluster may have shut off to protect the electronic speedometer. If this occurs, take the ATV to your Polaris dealer for proper diagnosis.
The information center is set to display standard units of measurement
and a 12-hour clock at the factory. To change to metric and/or a 24-hour
clock, see page 41.
2
1
3
4
12
6
11
7
10
9
5
8
1. Gear Indicator - This indicator displays gear shifter position.
H = High Gear
L = Low Gear
N = Neutral
R = Reverse Gear
P = Park
-- = Gear Signal Error (or shifter between gears)
2. Information Display Area - This area displays odometer, tripmeters, engine hour meter and programmable service hour interval.
38
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
3. Speed Display - This area displays vehicle ground speed or engine
rotational speed when the corresponding display is selected. See
page 40.
4. Fuel Gauge - The segments of the fuel gauge show the level of fuel
in the fuel tank. When the last segment clears, a low fuel warning is
activated. All segments including the fuel icon will flash. Refuel
immediately.
Tip: If the fuel icon fails to display, an open or short circuit has occurred in the
fuel sensor circuit. See your dealer.
5. High Beam Indicator - This indicator appears when the lights are
set to high beam.
6. Clock - The clock displays time in a 12-hour or 24-hour format. If
the engine is turned off, press the MODE button. The time will display for 5-10 seconds. See page 42 for resetting instructions.
7. Engine Overheat Warning - This indicator flashes to indicate an
overheated engine. If the indicator stops flashing but remains illuminated, the overheating condition remains, and the system will
automatically reduce engine power.
8. Service Indicator - A flashing wrench symbol alerts the operator
that the preset service interval has been reached. The vehicle should
be brought to your dealer for scheduled maintenance. See page 42
for resetting instructions.
9. Under / Over Voltage - This warning usually indicates that the
ATV is operating at an RPM too low to keep the battery charged. It
may also occur when the engine is at idle and high electrical load
(lights, cooling fan, accessories) is applied. Drive at a higher RPM
or recharge the battery to clear the warning.
10. Check Engine Warning Indicator - This indicator appears if an
EFI-related fault occurs. Do not operate the ATV if this warning
appears. Serious engine damage could result. See your dealer.
11. 4X4 Indicator - This indicator illuminates when the 4X4 system is
engaged (switch is on either ADC 4X4 or 4X4).
12. EPS Warning Indicator - This indicator illuminates when the key
is turned to the ON position and goes off when the engine is started.
If the light remains on after starting the engine, the EPS system is
inoperative. See your authorized Polaris dealer for service.
39
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Speed Display Area
Use the MODE button to toggle
through the speed display options.
MODE button operation is locked
out at speeds above approximately
15 MPH (25 km/h).
Tip: The reverse override button also
acts as a MODE button when held
down for approximately one half
second. The transmission cannot
be in reverse when using the override button as a MODE button.
This feature does not contain a
vehicle speed lockout function and
can be used at any operating
speed.
MODE
Button
SELECT
Button
Ground Speed Mode
Ground speed is displayed in either miles per hour (MPH) or kilometers
per hour (km/h).
Engine Speed Mode
Engine speed is displayed in revolutions per minute (RPM).
40
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Information Display Area
Use the SELECT button (SEL) to toggle through the information area
options. SELECT button operation is locked out at speeds above
approximately 15 MPH (25 km/h).
Tip: The reverse override button also acts as the SELECT button when pressed
and released quickly. The transmission cannot be in reverse when using the
override button as a SELECT button. This feature does not contain a vehicle speed lockout function and can be used at any operating speed.
Standard/Metric Display
The display can be viewed in either standard or metric units of measurement. To change units:
1. Press and hold the MODE button until vehicle speed is displayed.
2. Toggle through the information area using the SELECT button until
the odometer is displayed.
3. Press and hold the MODE button until the displayed units change.
Release the button.
4. New settings remain until changed using the same procedure.
12-Hour/24-Hour Clock Display
1. Press and hold the MODE button until RPM is displayed.
2. Toggle through the information area using the SELECT button until
the odometer is displayed.
3. Press and hold the MODE button until the clock displays the new
clock format (either 24-hour or 12-hour). Release the button.
4. New settings remain until changed using the same procedure.
Odometer Mode
The odometer records and displays the distance traveled by the ATV.
Trip Meter Mode
The trip meters record the distance traveled by the ATV on each trip if
reset before each trip. To reset a trip meter, select the trip meter 1 or trip
meter 2 mode. Press and hold the MODE button on the instrument cluster until the total changes to 0. In the Rider Information Center, the trip
meter display contains a decimal point, but the odometer displays without a decimal point.
Hour Meter Mode
This mode logs the total hours the engine has been in operation.
41
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Information Display Area
Programmable Service Interval
When the hours of engine operation equal the programmed service
interval setting, the wrench icon will flash for 5 seconds each time the
engine is started. When this feature is enabled, it provides a convenient
reminder to perform routine maintenance. The service interval is programmed at 50 hours at the factory. Use the following procedure to
change the service interval.
1. Press the SELECT button until remaining service hours display.
2. Press and hold the MODE button.
3. When the service hours flash, press and release the SELECT button
to advance the hours to the desired setting (including OFF). When
the digits stop flashing, the interval has been set.
Clock Mode
Use one of the following two methods to reset the clock.
Method 1
1. Select the Hour Meter Mode.
2. Press and hold the mode button on the instrument cluster until the
hour display flashes. Release the button.
3. Press and release the SELECT button to advance the hours.
4. After the hours are set, press and release the MODE button to move
to the minutes. Use the same procedure to reset the minutes.
5. When the digits stop flashing the clock has been set.
Method 2
1. With the key turned off, press and hold the MODE button.
2. While still holding the MODE button, turn the key to the ON position.
3. Continue to hold the MODE button until the hour display flashes.
Release the button.
4. Set the time as outlined in steps 3-5 of Method 1.
42
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Information Display Area
Diagnostic Display Mode
The EFI diagnostic display mode is for informational purposes only.
Please see your Polaris dealer for all major repairs.
The diagnostic mode is accessible only when the check engine warning
indicator activates after the key has been turned on. Leave the key on if
you want to view the active code (failure code).
The diagnostic mode becomes inaccessible if the key is turned off and
on and the warning indicator is no longer active. This allows the determination of persistent as well as intermittent faults.
Inactive codes are stored in the history of the unit. Please see your
Polaris dealer to retrieve inactive codes.
Use the following procedure to view active codes that occur when the
key is on.
1. Place the transmission in PARK.
2. Press and release the SELECT button until the flashing check
engine warning indicator appears in the display.
3. A set of two numbers will also appear in the display.
• The 2-6 digit suspect parameter number (SPN) in the information area
indicates which component is generating the fault code.
• The 1-2 digit failure mode indicator (FMI) number in the clock area indicates the fault mode, such as open or short circuit.
4. See pages 44-47 for code definitions and failure descriptions.
Tip: More than one fault may be active. Press and hold the MODE button to toggle through all currently active diagnostic codes.
43
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Diagnostic Display Code Definitions
Open Load: There is a break in the wires that lead to the item listed in
the chart (injector, fuel pump, etc.), or the item has failed.
Short-to-Ground: The wire is shorted to ground between the electronic
control unit and the item listed in the chart.
Shorted Load: The wires leading to the item listed in the chart are
shorted together, or the item has shorted internally.
Short-to-Battery: The wire leading from the item listed in the chart to
the electronic control unit is shorted to a wire at battery voltage.
Sportsman 550 XP / XP EPS Diagnostic Codes
Component
Throttle Position Sensor
Engine Temperature Sensor
Intake Air Temperature Sensor
Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor
Crankshaft Position Sensor
Gear Sensor Signal
Injector 1 (MAG)
Ignition Coil Primary Driver 1 (MAG)
Fuel Pump Driver Circuit
Fan Relay Driver Circuit
44
Condition
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Temperature Too High
Engine Overheat Shutdown
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Circuit Fault
Voltage Too Low (to Calibrate)
Voltage Too High
Signal Fault
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
SPN
51
51
110
110
110
110
105
105
102
102
636
523
523
523
651
651
1268
1268
1347
1347
1071
1071
FMI
3
4
3
4
16
0
3
4
3
4
8
4
3
2
5
3
5
3
5
3
5
3
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Sportsman 550 XP / XP EPS Diagnostic Codes
Component
Idle Air Control
Starter Enable Circuit
All Wheel Drive Control
System Power
Throttle Safety Signal
Active Descent Control System
Condition
Driver Circuit Grounded
Shorted Load*
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too low
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Signal Out of Range
Throttle Stuck
Driver Circuit Short to B+
SPN
520193
520193
1321
520207
168
168
520194
520194
520194
520194
520203
FMI
5
11
3
3
3
4
3
4
2
7
3
520221
6
520222
6
520223
520223
520224
520224
520225
520225
520225
4
3
4
3
4
3
16
520225
17
520225
520226
520226
520227
520227
520228
520228
520229
520229
520230
2
4
3
4
3
4
3
16
0
9
520231
9
EPS Models Only
Steering Over Current Shut Down
Current Above Normal or
Grounded
Steering Excessive Current Error
Current Above Normal or
Grounded
Steering Torque Sensor T1 Partial
T1 Shorted to Ground
Failure
T1 Shorted to Bus
Steering Torque Sensor T2 Partial
T2 Shorted to Ground
Failure
T2 Shorted to Bus
Steering Torque Sensor Full Failure T1 and T2 Shorted to Ground
T1 and T2 Shorted to Bus
T1 Shorted to Ground & T2
Shorted to Bus
T2 Shorted to Ground & T1
Shorted to Bus
T1 and T2 are Shorted
Steering Position Sensor P1 Partial
P1 Shorted to Ground
Failure
P1 Shorted to Bus
Steering Position Sensor P2 Partial
P2 Shorted to Ground
Failure
P2 Shorted to Bus
Steering Position Sensor Full Failure P1 and P2 Shorted to Ground
P1 and P2 Shorted to bus
EPAS Inverter Temperature
Greater than 110 Degrees C
Greater than 120 Degrees C
EPAS CAN Communications
No RX Message for 2 Seconds
Receive Error
EPAS CAN Communications
No TX Message for 2 Seconds
Transmit Error
*Assumes unipolar configuration of stepper motor
45
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Sportsman 850 XP / XP EPS Diagnostic Codes
Component
Throttle Position Sensor
Engine Temperature Sensor
Intake Air Temperature Sensor
Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor
Crankshaft Position Sensor
Vehicle Speed Signal
Gear Sensor Signal
Injector 1 (MAG) (SDI Part Load)
Injector 2 (PTO) (SDI Part Load)
Ignition Coil Primary Driver 1 (MAG)
Ignition Coil Primary Driver 2 (PTO)
Fuel Pump Driver Circuit
Fan Relay Driver Circuit
Idle Air Control
Starter Enable Circuit
46
Condition
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Temperature Too High
Engine Overheat Shutdown
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Signal Out of Range
Circuit Fault
Plausibility Fault
Speed Too High
Plausibility Fault
Voltage Too Low
Voltage too high
Signal fault
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Grounded
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Grounded
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Grounded
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Grounded
Position Out of Range
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Grounded
SPN
51
51
110
110
110
110
105
105
102
102
102
636
636
84
84
523
523
523
651
651
651
652
652
652
1268
1269
1347
1347
1347
1071
1071
1071
634
634
634
634
1321
1321
1321
FMI
3
4
3
4
16
0
3
4
3
4
2
8
2
8
2
4
3
2
5
3
4
5
3
4
3
3
5
3
4
5
3
4
5
3
4
7
5
3
4
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Sportsman 850 XP / XP EPS Diagnostic Codes
Component
Chassis Relay
All Wheel Drive Control
System Power
Throttle Safety Signal
Active Descent Control System
Idle Speed
Condition
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Grounded
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Grounded
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too low
Voltage Too High
Voltage Too Low
Signal Out of Range
Throttle Stuck
Driver Circuit Open/Grounded
Driver Circuit Short to B+
Driver Circuit Grounded
Speed Too High
Speed Too Low
SPN
520208
520208
520208
520207
520207
520207
168
168
520194
520194
520194
520194
520203
520203
520203
520211
520211
FMI
5
3
4
5
3
4
3
4
3
4
2
7
5
3
4
3
4
520221
520222
520223
520223
520224
520224
520225
520225
520225
6
6
4
3
4
3
4
3
16
520225
17
520225
520226
520226
520227
520227
520228
520228
520229
520229
520230
520231
2
4
3
4
3
4
3
16
0
9
9
EPS Models Only
Steering Over Current Shut Down
Steering Excessive Current Error
Steering Torque Sensor T1 Partial
Failure
Steering Torque Sensor T2 Partial
Failure
Steering Torque Sensor Full
Failure
Steering Position Sensor P1
Partial Failure
Steering Position Sensor P2
Partial Failure
Steering Position Sensor Full
Failure
EPAS Inverter Temperature
EPAS CAN Comm. Receive Error
EPAS CAN Comm. Transmit Error
Current Above Normal/Grounded
Current Above Normal/Grounded
T1 Shorted to Ground
T1 Shorted to Bus
T2 Shorted to Ground
T2 Shorted to Bus
T1 and T2 Shorted to Ground
T1 and T2 Shorted to Bus
T1 Shorted to Ground & T2
Shorted to Bus
T2 Shorted to Ground & T1
Shorted to Bus
T1 and T2 are Shorted
P1 Shorted to Ground
P1 Shorted to Bus
P2 Shorted to Ground
P2 Shorted to Bus
P1 and P2 Shorted to Ground
P1 and P2 Shorted to bus
Greater than 110 Degrees C
Greater than 120 Degrees C
No RX Message for 2 Seconds
No TX Message for 2 Seconds
47
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Front Rack/Compartment
Release the front rack latches
and remove the rack to gain
access to the front compartment. To reinstall the rack,
hold the rack as shown in the
illustration. Position the front
edge in the tabs, then push the
rack downward and secure
the latches.
Access the following components in the front compartment:
• Radiator cap
• Brake fluid reservoir
• ADC fluid reservoir
• Coolant recovery bottle cap
• Electrical/fuse/relay components
Latches
Brake Fluid Reservoir
Electrical/Fuse/Relay
Coolant
Bottle Cap
Radiator
Cap
48
ADC Fluid
Reservoir
OPERATION
WARNING
Failure to operate the ATV properly can result in a collision, loss of control,
accident or overturn, which may result in serious injury or death. Read and
understand all safety warnings outlined in the safety section of this owner’s
manual.
Break-In Period
The break-in period for your new Polaris ATV is the first ten hours of
operation, or the time it takes to use the first two full tanks of gasoline.
No single action on your part is as important as following the procedures for a proper break-in. Careful treatment of a new engine and drive
components will result in more efficient performance and longer life for
these components.
NOTICE: Excessive heat build-up during the first three hours of operation will
damage close-fitted engine parts and drive components. Do not
operate at full throttle or high speeds during the first three hours of
use.
Engine and Drivetrain Break-in
1. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline. See page 33. Always exercise
extreme caution whenever handling gasoline.
2. Check the engine oil level on the dipstick. See page 73. Add oil if
necessary to maintain the level between the safe and add marks.
3. Drive slowly at first. Select an open area that allows room to familiarize yourself with vehicle operation and handling.
4. Vary the throttle positions. Do not operate at sustained idle.
5. Perform regular checks on fluid levels, controls and areas outlined
on the daily pre-ride inspection checklist. See page 50.
6. Pull only light loads.
7. Change both the oil and the filter at 20 hours, one month or 500
miles (800 km), whichever comes first.
PVT Break-in (Clutches/Belt)
A proper break-in of the clutches and drive belt will ensure a longer life
and better performance. Break in the clutches and belt by operating at
slower speeds during the break-in period as recommended. Pull only
light loads. Avoid aggressive acceleration and high speed operation during the break-in period.
49
OPERATION
Pre-Ride Checklist
Failure to inspect and verify that the ATV is in safe operating condition
before operating increases the risk of an accident. Always inspect the
ATV before each use to make sure it's in safe operating condition.
Item
Remarks
Page
Brake system/lever travel
Ensure proper operation
29
85
Brake fluid
Ensure proper level
30
Auxiliary brake
Ensure proper operation
32
Front suspension
Inspect, lubricate if necessary
72
Rear suspension
Inspect, lubricate if necessary
72
Steering
Ensure free operation
Tires
Inspect condition and pressure
88
Wheels/fasteners
Inspect, ensure fastener tightness
88
90
Frame nuts, bolts, fasteners
Inspect, ensure tightness
Fuel and oil
Ensure proper levels
33
73
Coolant level
Ensure proper level
83
84
-
-
Coolant hoses
Inspect for leaks
Throttle
Ensure proper operation
28
118
Indicator lights/switches
Ensure operation
26
Engine stop switch
Ensure proper operation
27
Air filter, pre-filter
Inspect, clean
91
Headlamp
Check operation
27
93
Brake light/tail lamp
Check operation
97
Riding gear
Wear approved helmet, goggles, and
protective clothing
8
ADC Fluid
Ensure proper level
80
50
-
OPERATION
Safe Operation Practices
1. Complete the recommended safety training before operating this
vehicle. See page 7.
2. Do not allow anyone under 16 years of age to operate this vehicle.
Do not allow anyone with cognitive or physical disabilities to operate this vehicle.
3. Never carry a passenger on this ATV.
4. Engine exhaust fumes are poisonous. Never start the engine or let it
run in an enclosed area.
5. Before operating, learn how to use the auxiliary brake for emergency situations (if service brakes become inoperable).
6. Operate this vehicle off-road only. Never operate the vehicle on
pavement or on any public street, road or highway, including dirt
and gravel roads.
7. Use caution and drive at reduced speeds in conditions of reduced
visibility such as fog, rain and darkness. Clean headlights frequently and replace burned out headlamps promptly.
8. Drive in a manner appropriate for your skills and operating conditions. Never operate at excessive speeds. Never attempt wheelies,
jumps, or other stunts. Never remove your hands from the handlebars while operating, and always keep both feet on the footrests.
9. Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating an ATV.
10. Always use the size and type of tires specified for your vehicle.
Always maintain proper tire pressure.
11. Never operate a damaged ATV. After any overturn or accident, have
a qualified service dealer inspect the entire machine for possible
damage.
12. Never operate the ATV on a frozen body of water.
13. Do not touch hot exhaust system components. Always keep combustible materials away from the exhaust system.
14. Always remove the ignition key when the vehicle is not in use to
prevent unauthorized use.
51
OPERATION
Know Your Riding Area/Tread Lightly
Familiarize yourself with all laws and regulations concerning the operation of this off-road vehicle in your area. Respect the environment in
which you ride. Find out where the designated riding areas are by contacting your Polaris dealer, a local riding club or local officials.
Help keep our trails open for recreational vehicle use. As an off-road
enthusiast, you represent the sport and can set a good example (or a poor
example) for others to follow. Tread lightly. Operate with respect for the
terrain, avoid littering, and always stay on the designated trails.
Trail Etiquette
Always practice good etiquette when riding. Allow a safe distance
between your vehicle and other vehicles operating in the same area.
Communicate to oncoming operators by signaling the number of vehicles in your group. When stopping, move your vehicle to the edge of the
trail as far as possible to allow others to pass safely.
52
OPERATION
Starting the Engine
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
2. Place the transmission in PARK.
3. Lock the parking brake.
Tip: The starter interlock will prevent the engine from starting if the transmission
is in gear and the brake is not engaged.
4. Sit on the vehicle and move the engine stop switch to RUN.
5. Do not press the throttle while starting the engine.
6. Turn the ignition key past the ON position to engage the starter.
Activate the starter for a maximum of five seconds, releasing the
key when the engine starts.
7. If the engine does not start, return the key to the OFF position and
wait five seconds before attempting to start again. Activate the
starter for another five seconds if necessary. Repeat this procedure
until the engine starts.
NOTICE: Operating the vehicle immediately after starting could cause engine
damage. Allow the engine to warm up for several minutes before
operating the vehicle.
Cold Weather Operation
If the ATV is used year-round, check the oil level frequently. A rising oil
level could indicate the accumulation of contaminates such as water or
excess fuel in the bottom of the crankcase. Water in the bottom of the
crankcase can lead to engine damage and must be drained. Water accumulation increases as outside temperature decreases.
See your Polaris dealer for engine heater kits, which provide quicker
warm-ups and easier starting in colder weather.
53
OPERATION
Driving Procedures
1. Wear a helmet and eye protection.
2. Sit upright with both feet on the footrests and both hands on the
handlebars.
3. Start the engine and allow it to warm up.
4. Shift the transmission into gear.
5. Check your surroundings and determine your path of travel.
6. Release the parking brake.
7. Slowly depress the throttle with your right thumb and begin driving.
8. Drive slowly. Practice maneuvering and using the throttle and
brakes on level surfaces.
54
OPERATION
Turning the Vehicle
Your ATV is equipped with a
solid rear axle, which drives
both rear wheels equally at all
times. This means that the
wheel on the outside of the turn
must travel a greater distance
than the inside wheel when
turning and the inside tire must
slip traction slightly.
To turn, steer in the direction of
the turn, leaning your upper
body to the inside of the turn
while supporting your weight
on the outer footrest. This technique alters the balance of traction between the rear wheels,
allowing the turn to be made
smoothly. The same leaning
technique should be used for
turning in reverse.
Practice making turns at slow speeds before attempting to turn at faster
speeds.
WARNING! Turning improperly can result in vehicle overturn. Never turn
abruptly or at sharp angles. Never turn at high speeds.
55
OPERATION
Driving on Slippery Surfaces
Sideways
Skid
Turn in
direction of
skid
Whenever riding on slippery surfaces such as wet trails or loose gravel,
or during freezing weather, follow these precautions:
1. Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain.
2. Slow down when entering slippery areas.
3. Engage 4X4 before wheels begin to lose traction.
NOTICE: Severe damage to drive train may occur if the 4X4 is engaged while
the wheels are spinning. Allow the rear wheels to stop spinning
before engaging 4X4, or engage 4X4 before wheels begin to lose
traction.
4. Maintain a high level of alertness, reading the trail and avoiding
quick, sharp turns, which can cause skids.
5. Never apply the brakes during a skid. Correct a skid by turning the
handlebars in the direction of the skid and shifting your body
weight forward.
56
OPERATION
Driving Uphill
25° Maximum
Braking and handling are greatly affected when operating in hilly terrain. Improper procedure could cause loss of control or overturn. Whenever traveling uphill, follow these precautions:
1. Always move the 4X4 switch to ADC 4X4 before ascending or
descending a hill. See page 36.
2. Drive straight uphill.
3. Avoid climbing steep hills (25° maximum).
4. Always check the terrain carefully before ascending any hill.
5. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
6. Keep both feet on the footrests.
7. Shift body weight uphill.
8. Proceed at a steady rate of speed and throttle opening. Opening the
throttle suddenly could cause the ATV to flip over backwards.
9. Never go over the top of any hill at high speed. An obstacle, a sharp
drop, or another vehicle or person could be on the other side of the
hill.
10. Remain alert and be prepared to take emergency action. This may
include quick dismounting of the vehicle.
57
OPERATION
Driving on a Sidehill (Sidehilling)
Driving on a sidehill is not recommended. Improper procedure could
cause loss of control or overturn. Avoid crossing the side of any hill
unless absolutely necessary.
If crossing a sidehill is unavoidable, follow these precautions:
1. Slow down!
2. Shift body weight uphill.
3. Keep your feet on the footrests.
4. If the vehicle begins to slide or tip, quickly turn the front wheel
downhill, if possible, or dismount on the uphill side immediately!
58
OPERATION
Driving Downhill
When driving downhill, follow these precautions:
1. Always move the 4X4 switch to ADC 4X4 before ascending or
descending a hill. See page 36.
2. Avoid steep hills (25° maximum).
3. Shift body weight uphill.
4. Drive straight downhill.
5. Slow down. Excessive speed when traveling downhill can cause
loss of control.
6. Squeeze the brake lever gradually. Applying the brakes too firmly
may cause the rear wheels to lock, which could result in loss of control.
59
OPERATION
Turning Around on a Hill (K-Turn)
If the vehicle stalls while climbing a hill, never back it down the hill!
Use the K-turn to turn around.
8 ft. (2.4 m)
1. Stop and lock the parking brake while keeping body weight uphill.
2. Always move the 4X4 switch to ADC 4X4 before ascending or
descending a hill. See page 36.
3. Leave the transmission in forward and shut off the engine.
4. Dismount on the uphill side of the vehicle, or on the left if the vehicle is pointing straight uphill.
5. Staying uphill of the vehicle, turn the handlebars full left.
6. While holding the service brake, release the parking brake lock and
slowly allow the vehicle to roll around to your right until it's pointing across the hill or slightly downward.
7. Lock the parking brake and remount the vehicle from the uphill
side, keeping body weight uphill.
8. Restart the engine with the transmission still in forward.
9. Release the parking brake and proceed slowly, controlling speed
with the service brake, until the vehicle is on more level ground.
60
OPERATION
Driving Through Water
Your ATV can operate through
water with a maximum recommended depth equal to the bottom of the footrests. Follow
these precautions when operating through water:
1. Determine water depths and
current before entering
water.
2. Choose a crossing where
both banks have gradual
inclines.
3. Avoid operating through
deep or fast-flowing water.
Maximum
Depth
NOTICE: Major engine damage can result if the vehicle is not thoroughly
inspected after operation in water. Perform the services outlined in
the maintenance chart. See page 68. The following areas need
special attention: engine oil, transmission oil, demand drive fluid, rear
gearcase oil, and all grease fittings.
If the vehicle tips or overturns in water, or if the engine stops during or
after operating in water, restarting can result in serious engine
damage. Transport the vehicle to your dealer for service before
restarting the engine. If this is not possible, follow the vehicle
immersion inspection and drying procedures outlined on page 100,
then see your dealer for service at the first opportunity.
4. After leaving water, test the brakes. Apply them lightly several
times while driving slowly. The friction will help dry out the pads.
If it’s unavoidable to enter water deeper than the footrest level:
• Proceed slowly. Avoid rocks and obstacles.
• Balance your weight carefully. Avoid sudden movements.
• Maintain a steady rate of speed. Do not make sudden turns or stops.
Do not make sudden throttle changes.
61
OPERATION
Driving Over Obstacles
Follow these precautions when operating over obstacles:
1. Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area.
2. Look ahead and learn to read the terrain. Be constantly alert for hazards such as logs, rocks and low hanging branches.
3. Travel slowly and use extra caution when operating on unfamiliar
terrain. Not all obstacles are immediately visible.
4. Never attempt to operate over large obstacles, such as rocks or
fallen trees.
62
OPERATION
Driving in Reverse
Follow these precautions when operating in reverse:
1. Always check for obstacles or people behind the vehicle.
2. Always avoid backing downhill.
3. Back slowly.
4. Apply the brakes lightly for stopping.
5. Avoid turning at sharp angles.
6. Never open the throttle suddenly.
7. Do not use the override button unless additional wheel speed is
required for vehicle movement. Use the override with caution as
rearward vehicle speed is greatly increased. Do not operate at wide
open throttle. Operate the throttle just enough to maintain a desired
speed.
NOTICE: Excessive throttle operation while in the speed limit mode may cause
fuel to build in the exhaust, resulting in engine popping and/or engine
damage.
63
OPERATION
Hauling Cargo
WARNING
Overloading the vehicle or carrying or towing cargo improperly can alter vehicle
handling and may cause loss of control or brake instability, which can result in
serious injury or death. Always follow these precautions when hauling cargo:
REDUCE SPEED AND ALLOW GREATER DISTANCES FOR BRAKING
WHEN HAULING CARGO.
NEVER EXCEED THE MAXIMUM WEIGHT CAPACITY of the vehicle. When
determining the weight you are adding to the vehicle, include the weight of the
operator, accessories, loads in the rack or box and the load on the trailer tongue.
The combined weight of these items must not exceed the maximum weight
capacity.
CARGO WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION should be 1/3 on the front rack and 2/3 on
the rear rack. When operating over rough or hilly terrain, reduce speed and
cargo to maintain stable driving conditions. Carrying loads on only one rack
increases the possibility of vehicle overturn.
CARRY LOADS AS LOW ON THE RACKS AS POSSIBLE. Carrying loads high
on the racks raises the center of gravity of the vehicle and creates a less stable
operating condition.
SECURE ALL LOADS BEFORE OPERATING. Unsecured loads can create
unstable operating conditions, which could result in loss of control of the vehicle.
OPERATE ONLY WITH STABLE AND SAFELY ARRANGED LOADS. When
handling off-centered loads that cannot be centered, securely fasten the load
and operate with extra caution. Always attach the tow load to the hitch point
designated for your vehicle.
HEAVY LOADS CAN CAUSE BRAKING AND CONTROL PROBLEMS. Use
extreme caution when applying brakes with a loaded vehicle. Avoid terrain or
situations that may require backing downhill.
USE EXTREME CAUTION when operating with loads that extend over the rack
sides. Stability and maneuverability may be adversely affected, causing the
vehicle to overturn.
DO NOT BLOCK THE FRONT HEADLIGHT BEAM when carrying loads on the
front rack.
DO NOT TRAVEL FASTER THAN THE RECOMMENDED SPEEDS. Vehicle
should never exceed 10 mph (16 kph) while towing a load on a level surface.
Vehicle speed should never exceed 5 mph (8 kph) when towing loads in rough
terrain, while cornering, or while ascending or descending a hill.
64
OPERATION
Hauling Cargo
Never exceed the weight
capacities specified for your
ATV on warning labels and in
2/3
the specifications section of
1/3
this manual.
Cargo weight should be evenly
distributed (1/3 on the front
rack and 2/3 on the rear rack)
and mounted as low as possible. When operating over
rough or hilly terrain, reduce
speed and cargo weight to
maintain stable driving conditions. Do not obstruct the headlight beam with cargo. Use low forward
gear when hauling or towing heavy cargo to extend belt life.
Towing Loads
Always attach a towed load to the hitch point. Remove the hitch from
the ATV when not towing a trailer. If towing a load, reduce rear rack
cargo weight by the amount of tongue weight.
• The combination of rear rack cargo weight and tongue weight must
not exceed the rear rack capacity.
• The total load (operator, accessories, cargo and weight on hitch) must
not exceed the maximum weight capacity of the vehicle.
NOTICE: Using an improper hitch or exceeding
the maximum tongue weight capacity
can result in serious damage to the
vehicle and will void your ATV
warranty. Never install a hitch longer
than 4" (10 cm). Never install
automotive accessories on your
Polaris ATV. Always install Polarisapproved (or equivalent) accessories
designed for ATV use.
Maximum
4" (10 cm)
65
OPERATION
Parking on an Incline
Avoid parking on an incline if possible. If it's unavoidable, follow these
precautions:
1. Stop the engine.
2. Place the transmission in PARK.
3. Lock the parking brake.
4. Always block the rear wheels on the downhill side.
66
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
Noise Emission Control System
Do not modify the engine, intake or exhaust components, as doing so
may affect compliance with U.S.A. EPA noise control requirements (40
CFR 205) and local noise level requirements.
Operation on Public Lands in the U.S.A.
Your Polaris vehicle has a spark arrestor that was tested and qualified to
be in accordance with the USDA Forest Service Standard 5100-1C. Federal law requires that this spark arrestor be installed and functional when
the vehicle is operated on public lands.
Operation of off-road vehicles on public lands in the U.S.A. is regulated
by 43 CFR 8343.1(c). Violations are subject to monetary penalties. Federal regulations can be viewed online at www.gpoaccess.gov/ecfr/.
Crankcase Emission Control System
This engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system. Blow-by gases
are forced back to the combustion chamber by the intake system. All
exhaust gases exit through the exhaust system.
Exhaust Emission Control System
Exhaust emissions are controlled by engine design. An electronic fuel
injection (EFI) system controls fuel delivery. The engine and EFI components are set at the factory for optimal performance and are not
adjustable.
The vehicle compliance labels can be found on the frame tubing of the
vehicle.
Electromagnetic Interference
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian ICES-002.
This vehicle complies with the EMC requirements of European directives 97/24/EC and 2004/108/EC.
67
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Careful periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle in the safest,
most reliable condition. Inspection, adjustment and lubrication of
important components are explained in the periodic maintenance chart.
Inspect, clean, lubricate, adjust and replace parts as necessary. When
inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, use genuine Polaris
parts available from your Polaris dealer.
Record maintenance and service in the Maintenance Log beginning on
page 136.
Service and adjustments are important for proper vehicle operation. If
you're not familiar with safe service and adjustment procedures, have a
qualified dealer perform these operations.
Maintenance intervals in the following chart are based upon average
riding conditions and an average vehicle speed of approximately 10
miles per hour. Vehicles subjected to severe use must be inspected and
serviced more frequently.
Severe Use Definition
• Frequent immersion in mud, water or sand
• Racing or race-style high RPM use
• Prolonged low speed, heavy load operation
• Extended idle
• Short trip cold weather operation
Pay special attention to the oil level. A rise in oil level during cold
weather can indicate contaminants collecting in the oil sump or crankcase. Change oil immediately if the oil level begins to rise. Monitor the
oil level, and if it continues to rise, discontinue use and determine the
cause or see your dealer.
68
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Chart
WARNING
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a could result in
component failure and cause an accident, which may result in serious injury or
death. Always have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
Maintenance Chart Key
X Perform these operations more often for vehicles subjected to severe
use.
E Emission-related service (Failure to conduct this maintenance will
not void the emissions warranty but may affect emissions.)
Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
69
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Perform all services at whichever maintenance interval is reached first.
Item
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Hours Calendar
Remarks
Miles
(Km)
Steering
-
Pre-Ride
-
Front suspension
-
Pre-Ride
-
Rear suspension
-
Pre-Ride
-
Tires
-
Pre-Ride
-
Brake fluid level
-
Pre-Ride
-
Brake lever travel
-
Pre-Ride
-
Brake system
-
Pre-Ride
-
Wheels/fasteners
-
Pre-Ride
-
See Pre-Ride Checklist on
page 50.
Frame fasteners
-
Pre-Ride
-
Engine oil level
-
Pre-Ride
-
-
Daily
-
Inspect; clean often; replace
as needed
-
Daily
-
Check level daily, change
coolant every 2 years
X ADC fluid
-
Daily
-
Check level daily, add as
needed
X Power steering unit
(if equipped)
-
Daily
-
Inspect daily; clean often
-
Daily
-
Check operation
-
Weekly
-
Inspect; replace as needed
X Engine oil change
20 H
1 Month
500 (800)
Perform a break-in oil and
filter change (see page 49)
X Brake pad wear
10 H
Monthly
100 (160)
Inspect periodically
20 H
Monthly
200 (320)
Check terminals; clean; test
X Demand drive fluid
25 H
Monthly
250 (400)
Inspect level
X Rear gearcase oil
25 H
Monthly
250 (400)
Inspect level
X Transmission oil
25 H
Monthly
250 (400)
Inspect level
X General
lubrication
50 H
3M
500 (800)
Lubricate all fittings, pivots,
cables, etc.
X Air filter, pre-filter
E
Coolant
Headlamp/taillight
X Air filter,
E main element
Battery
X Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use.
E Emission-Related Service
Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
70
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
Maintenance Interval
Remarks
(whichever comes first)
Hours Calendar
Miles
(Km)
Q Throttle Cable/
E ETC Switch
50 H
6M
500 (800)
Inspect; adjust; lubricate;
replace if necessary
E Throttle Body
Intake Duct
50 H
6M
500 (800)
Inspect duct for proper sealing/air leaks
500 (800)
Inspect; replace as needed
Drive belt
50 H
6M
Cooling system
50 H
6M
1000 (1600) Inspect coolant strength
seasonally; pressure test
system yearly
50 H
6M
1000 (1600) Inspect; clean external
surfaces
X Radiator
X Cooling hoses
50 H
6M
1000 (1600) Inspect for leaks
X Engine oil change
100 H
6M
1000 (1600) Change the oil and filter
X Demand drive fluid
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Change fluid
X Rear gearcase oil
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Change fluid
X Transmission oil
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Change fluid
Fuel system
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Check for leaks at tank cap,
lines, filter, pump; replace
lines every two years
X Engine mounts
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Inspect
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Inspect
Q Spark plug
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Inspect; replace as needed
X Wiring
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Inspect for wear, routing,
security; apply dielectric
grease to connectors
subjected to water, mud, etc.
Q Clutches (drive
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Inspect; clean; replace worn
parts
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600) Inspect; replace as needed
Q Brake fluid
200 H
24 M
2000 (3200) Change every two years
Q ADC fluid
200 H
24 M
2000 (3200) Change fluid
300 H
36 M
3000 (4800) Clean out
1000 H
-
Exhaust muffler/
pipe
E
and driven)
Q Front wheel
bearings
Spark arrestor
Q Valve clearance
E
Q Toe adjustment
Headlight aim
10000
(16000)
Inspect; adjust
-
Inspect periodically; adjust
when parts are replaced
-
Adjust as needed
71
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication Guide
Check and lubricate all components at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 68. Items not listed in the
chart should be lubricated at the General Lubrication interval.
The a-arms and lower control arms are lubricated at the factory, and no
additional lubrication will be needed. However, if these components are
subjected to severe use, grease zerks have been provided for additional
lubrication at the user's discretion.
Item
Capacity
at Fluid
Change
Fill Plug
Torque
550 Engine Oil PS-4 PLUS
Performance
Synthetic 2W-50
2 qt.
(1.9 l)
---
850 Engine Oil PS-4 PLUS
Performance
Synthetic 2W-50
2 qt.
(1.9 l)
---
Transmission
Oil
Recommended
Lubricant
Drain Plug
Torque
Inspection
Procedure
15-17 ft. lbs. Page 73.
(20-23 Nm)
12 ft. lbs.
(16 Nm)
Page 73.
Synthetic
Sportsman XP
Transmission
Fluid
32 oz.
(950 ml)
10-14 ft. lbs. 10-14 ft. lbs. Page 76.
(14-19 Nm) (14-19 Nm)
Demand Drive Demand Drive
Fluid (Front
LT Premium
Gearcase)
Fluid
9.3 oz.
(275 ml)
8-10 ft. lbs.
(11-14 Nm)
Rear
Gearcase Oil
ATV Angle Drive
Fluid (or GL5 8090 weight gear
lube)
7.1 oz.
(210 ml)
10-14 ft. lbs. 10-14 ft. lbs. Page 78.
(14-19 Nm) (14-19 Nm)
Brake Fluid
DOT 4 Only
---
---
---
Page 30.
ADC Fluid
Polaris ADC
Fluid
---
---
---
Page 80.
Front Prop
Shaft Yoke
Polaris Premium Grease fittings (3 pumps maximum) every 500 miles,
U-Joint Lube
before long periods of storage, or after pressure
washing or submerging.
Front Prop Shaft Yoke
72
11 ft. lbs.
(15 Nm)
Page 77.
Front
MAINTENANCE
Engine Oil
Oil Recommendations
Polaris recommends the use of Polaris PS-4 PLUS Performance Synthetic 2W-50 4-cycle oil or a similar oil for this engine. See the table on
page 72 for fluid recommendations, capacities and plug torques.
Oil may need to be changed more frequently if Polaris oil is not used.
Always use 2W-50 oil. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for
ambient temperature operation. See page 125 for the part numbers of
Polaris products.
NOTICE: Mixing brands or using a non-recommended oil may cause serious
engine damage. Always use the recommended oil. Never substitute
or mix oil brands.
Oil Level
Check the oil level when the
engine is cold. Access the oil dipstick and fill tube from the left
side of the ATV.
1. Position the vehicle on a
level surface.
2. Remove the dipstick. Wipe it
dry with a clean cloth.
3. Reinstall and tighten the dipstick.
4. Remove the dipstick and
check the oil level.
5. Add the recommended fluid
as needed. Maintain the oil
level in the safe range
between the FULL and ADD
marks. Do not overfill.
6. Reinstall and tighten the
dipstick.
Dipstick
Full
Add
850
Full
Add
550
73
MAINTENANCE
Engine Oil
Oil and Filter Change
See the table on page 72 for fluid recommendations, capacities and plug
torques. Always change the oil and filter at the intervals outlined in the
Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 68. Always change the
oil filter whenever changing oil.
550
Drain
Plug
850
Drain
Plug
to front
Filter Access
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Start the engine. Allow it to warm up at idle for two to three minutes.
3. Stop the engine.
4. Clean the area around the drain plug.
5. Place a drain pan under the crankcase.
6. Remove the drain plug. Allow the oil to drain completely.
CAUTION! Hot oil can cause burns to skin. Do not allow hot oil to contact skin.
7. Install a new sealing washer on the drain plug. The sealing surfaces
on drain plug and crankcase should be clean and free of burrs, nicks
or scratches.
8. Reinstall the drain plug. Torque to specification.
74
MAINTENANCE
Engine Oil
Oil and Filter Change
9. Place shop towels beneath the oil
filter. Using an oil filter wrench
(available from your Polaris
dealer), turn the filter counterclockwise to remove it.
10. Using a clean dry cloth, clean the
filter sealing surface on the
crankcase.
11. Lubricate the o-ring on the new
filter with a film of fresh engine
oil. Check to make sure the o-ring
is in good condition.
Oil Filter
12. Install the new filter and rotate it
clockwise by hand until the filter
gasket contacts the sealing surface, then turn it an additional 1/2
turn.
13. Remove the dipstick. Add the proper amount of the recommended
oil. Do not overfill.
14. Reinstall the dipstick.
15. Place the transmission in PARK.
16. Lock the parking brake.
17. Start the engine. Allow it to idle for one to two minutes.
18. Stop the engine.
19. Check for leaks.
20. Check the oil level. Add oil as needed to bring the level to the upper
mark on the dipstick.
21. Dispose of used filter and oil properly.
75
MAINTENANCE
Transmission Oil
Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Synthetic Sportsman XP Transmission Fluid for this transmission. See the table on page 72 for fluid
recommendations, capacities and plug torques. Always check and
change the transmission oil at the intervals outlined in the Periodic
Maintenance Chart beginning on page 68. See page 125 for the part
numbers of Polaris products.
Maintain the oil level at the bottom of the fill plug hole. The fill
plug is located on the right side of
Fill
the ATV behind the footwell. The
Level
drain plug is located on the bottom
left side of the gearcase.
Oil Check
1. Remove the footwell (see
page 87).
2. Remove the fill plug. Check
the oil level.
Drain Plug
3. Add the recommended fluid
as needed to bring the level to
the bottom of the fill hole
threads.
4. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to specification.
5. Reinstall the footwell.
Fill Plug
Oil Change
1. Remove the footwell.
2. Place a drain pan under the gearcase. Remove the drain plug. Allow
the oil to drain completely.
3. Clean and reinstall the drain plug. Torque to specification.
4. Remove the fill plug. Add the proper amount of the recommended
oil.
5. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to specification.
6. Check for leaks.
7. Reinstall the footwell.
8. Dispose of used oil properly.
76
MAINTENANCE
Front Gearcase (Demand Drive) Fluid
See the table on page 72 for fluid recommendations, capacities and plug
torques. Always check and change the demand drive fluid at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 68.
See page 125 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Use the recommended fluid. Use of other fluids may result in improper
operation of components.
Maintain the fluid level at the bottom of the fill hole threads. See below
for capacity.
The fill plug is located on
the right side of the
demand drive unit. The
Fill
drain plug is located on the
Level
bottom right side of the
unit.
Fluid Check
1. Position the vehicle on
a level surface.
Remove the fill plug.
Check the fluid level.
2. Add the recomDrain Plug
mended fluid as
needed to bring the
level to the bottom of the fill hole threads.
3. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to specification.
Fill
Plug
Fluid Change
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface. Remove the fill plug.
2. Place a drain pan under the demand drive unit. Remove the drain
plug. Allow the fluid to drain completely.
3. Clean and reinstall the drain plug. Torque to specification.
4. Add the proper amount of the recommended fluid.
5. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to specification.
6. Check for leaks. Dispose of used fluid properly.
77
MAINTENANCE
Rear Gearcase Oil
See the table on page 72 for fluid recommendations, capacities and plug
torques. Always check and change the rear gearcase oil at the intervals
outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 68. See
page 125 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
The fill plug is located on the
rear of the gearcase. The drain
plug is located on the bottom
of the gearcase.
Fill
Maintain the fluid level at the Level
bottom of the fill hole threads.
Do not overfill.
Oil Check
1. Position the vehicle on a
level surface.
Fill Plug
2. Remove the fill plug.
Check the oil level.
3. Add the recommended oil
as needed to bring the
level to the bottom of the
fill hole threads. Do not overfill.
4. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to specification.
78
Drain Plug
MAINTENANCE
Rear Gearcase Oil
Oil Change
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Position the vehicle on a level surface.
Place a drain pan under the drain hole.
Remove the drain plug. Allow the oil to drain completely.
Clean and reinstall the drain plug with a new sealing washer. Torque
to specification.
Remove the fill plug. Add the proper amount of the recommended
oil. Do not overfill.
Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to specification.
Check for leaks.
Dispose of used oil properly.
79
MAINTENANCE
Active Descent Control (ADC) Fluid
If your vehicle is equipped with Active Descent Control, there are two
fluid levels that must be maintained (demand drive fluid and ADC
fluid). See page 77 for demand drive fluid maintenance.
Check and change the ADC fluid level at the intervals outlined in the
Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 68. Maintain the fluid
level between the minimum and maximum marks on the reservoir. We
recommend the use of Polaris ADC Fluid. See page 125 for the part
numbers of Polaris products.
NOTICE: Do not use brake fluid. Brake fluid will damage rubber components in
the hydraulic system.
1. Remove the front rack.
2. View the fluid level in the
reservoir.
3. If the level is below the
minimum mark, remove
the cap and add the
recommended fluid.
4. Reinstall the cap.
5. Reinstall the front rack.
80
ADC Fluid
Reservoir
MAINTENANCE
Active Descent Control (ADC) Fluid
Fluid Change
1. Position the vehicle on a level
Bleeder
surface. Before performing the
Screw
fluid change, allow the vehicle
Cap
to sit for at least 30 minutes.
Bleeder
2. Thoroughly clean the areas
Valve
Screw
around and on the ADC
reservoir and bleeder valves
(one on each side of the
differential).
3. Remove the reservoir cap and
diaphragm assembly. Use a
shop towel or suction tool to
remove debris from the fluid
and reservoir. Debris in the
reservoir may result in
inadequate bleeding and
reduced performance of the
system.
4. Fill the reservoir to the maximum line with fresh ADC fluid.
5. Remove the protective caps from the bleeder valves.
6. Slowly loosen one of the screws (turn counter-clockwise) and allow
fluid and trapped air to flow from the fitting. Tighten the screw
when clean fluid begins to flow. Repeat this step for the remaining
valve.
IMPORTANT: Close the bleeder valves before the reservoir fluid level drops
below the minimum fill line. Adding fluid to an empty reservoir will result in
trapped air. If the level drops below the minimum line, add fluid to the maximum
line and repeat step 6 before proceeding.
7. Torque the valves to 80 in. lbs. (9 Nm). Reinstall the valve caps.
8. Add fresh ADC fluid to the reservoir until the level is between the
minimum and maximum marks. Make sure the reservoir is free of
debris.
9. Reinstall the cap securely. Clean up any drips or spills.
81
MAINTENANCE
Power Steering Unit
If your model is equipped with
power steering, frequently clean
the areas around and on the
power steering unit to allow
proper cooling. Clean these areas
thoroughly.
Clean
Often
Cooling System
The engine coolant level is controlled by the recovery system. Recovery
system components are the recovery bottle, the radiator filler neck, the
radiator pressure cap and the connecting hose.
As coolant operating temperature increases, the expanding (heated)
excess coolant is forced out of the engine, past the pressure cap, and into
the recovery bottle. As engine coolant temperature decreases the contracting (cooled) coolant is drawn back up from the bottle, past the pressure cap, and into the radiator.
Some coolant level drop on new vehicles is normal as the system is
purging itself of trapped air. Check the coolant level and maintain as
recommended by adding coolant to the recovery bottle.
Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Premium 60/40 anti-freeze/coolant or a 50/50 mixture of high quality aluminum compatible anti-freeze/
coolant and distilled water. Polaris Premium 60/40 is already premixed
and ready to use. Do not dilute with water. See page 125 for the part
numbers of Polaris products.
Always follow the manufacturer's mixing recommendations for the
freeze protection required in your area.
82
MAINTENANCE
Cooling System
Recovery Bottle Coolant
The recovery bottle fluid level can be viewed from inside the front right
wheel well. Access the recovery bottle cap under the front storage compartment.
1. View the fluid level in the bottle.
2. If the level is low, remove the front rack.
3. Remove the bottle cap and add coolant as needed. Maintain the
coolant level between the minimum and maximum marks on the
bottle (when the fluid is cool).
4. Reinstall the cap.
5. Reinstall the front rack.
Maximum
Mark
Minimum
Mark
Recovery
Bottle Cap
83
MAINTENANCE
Cooling System
Radiator Coolant
To ensure that the coolant maintains its ability to protect the engine,
Polaris recommends that you drain the system completely every two
years and add a fresh mixture of antifreeze and water.
Replace the coolant any time the cooling system has been drained for
maintenance or repair. If the recovery bottle has run dry, check the level
in the radiator. Add coolant as needed.
CAUTION! Escaping steam can cause burns. Never remove the pressure cap
while the engine is warm or hot. Always allow the engine to cool before
removing the pressure cap.
1. Remove the front rack.
2. Remove the pressure cap.
3. Using a funnel, slowly add coolant
through the radiator filler neck.
4. Reinstall the pressure cap. Use of a
non-standard pressure cap will not
allow the recovery system to function properly. Contact your dealer
for the correct replacement part.
5. Reinstall the front rack.
Radiator
Cap
84
MAINTENANCE
Brakes
Hand Brake
The front and rear brakes are hydraulic disc brakes, activated by moving
the single brake lever toward the handlebar. These brakes are selfadjusting.
Under normal operation, the diaphragm extends into the reservoir as
fluid level drops. If the fluid level is low and the diaphragm is not
extended, a leak is likely and the diaphragm should be replaced. To
ensure proper diaphragm operation, always fill the reservoir as needed
whenever the cover is loosened or removed. Do not overfill.
WARNING! An over-full master cylinder may cause brake drag or brake lockup, which could result in serious injury or death. Maintain brake fluid at the
recommended level. Do not overfill.
The following checks are recommended to keep the brake system in
good operating condition. Check more often if brakes are used heavily
under normal operation.
1. Always keep brake fluid at an adequate
level. See page 30.
2. Check the brake system for fluid leaks.
3. Check the brakes for excessive travel or
spongy feel.
4. Check the friction pads for wear, damage
and looseness. Replace brake pads when
they are worn to 3/64" (1 mm).
3/64" (1 mm)
5. Check the security and surface condition
of the disc.
Auxiliary Foot Brake
The hydraulic auxiliary brake system requires no adjustment. Check the
brake fluid level frequently for the auxiliary brake system. See page 32.
85
MAINTENANCE
Toe Alignment
Use the following procedure to check the toe alignment of the vehicle.
The recommended toe alignment is 1/8" to 1/4" (3-6 mm) toe out.
WARNING! Severe injury or death can result from improper toe alignment and
adjustment. Do not attempt to adjust tie rod alignment. All tie rod adjustments
should be performed by an authorized Polaris dealer.
1. Position the vehicle on a
level surface.
2. Place the handlebars in a
Stand
straight-ahead position.
3. Tie a length of string
String
between two stands as
shown in the illustration.
Position the stands so
that the string is flush
with the side of the rear
tire. If available, you
may use a long straight2
edge instead of string.
4. Measure the distance
1
from the string to the
rim at the front (1) and
rear (2) of the front rim.
The rear measurement
should be 1/16"-1/8" (2-3 mm) more than the front measurement on
each side of the vehicle to obtain the recommended 1/8" to 1/4" (3-6
mm) toe out alignment.
5. Repeat the measurement procedure on the other side of the vehicle.
6. If you discover improper alignment, see your Polaris dealer for service.
Steering Assembly
The steering assembly of the ATV should be checked periodically for
loose nuts and bolts. If loose nuts and bolts are found, see your Polaris
dealer for service before operating the vehicle.
86
MAINTENANCE
Seat Removal
1. Grasp one side of the seat
near the rear edge.
2. Pull upward abruptly to
disengage the under-seat
fasteners.
3. Remove the seat.
Side Panel/Footwell Removal
Remove the seat before removing a side panel.
Remove the screws and rivets securing the side panel or footwell (see
illustration).
Plastic Rivet
Torx Head
Screw
Plastic Rivet
Plastic Rivet
Hex Head Screw
87
MAINTENANCE
Tires
WARNING
Operating your ATV with worn tires, improperly inflated tires, non-standard tires
or improperly installed tires will affect vehicle handling and could cause an
accident resulting in serious injury or death. Always follow all tire maintenance
procedures as outlined in this manual and on the labels on the vehicle. Always
use original equipment size and type when replacing tires.
Refer to the specifications section beginning on page 126 for recommended tire type, size and pressure.
Tire Tread Depth
Always replace tires
when tread depth is
worn to 1/8" (3 mm)
or less.
88
1/8" (3 mm)
MAINTENANCE
Tires
Front Wheel Hub Tightening
Front wheel bearing tightness and spindle nut retention are critical component operations. All service must be performed by your authorized
Polaris dealer.
Wheel Removal
1.
2.
3.
4.
Stop the engine.
Place the transmission in PARK.
Lock the parking brake.
Loosen the wheel nuts slightly.
WARNING! Do not service axle nuts that have a cotter pin installed. See your
Polaris dealer.
5. Elevate the side of the vehicle by placing a suitable stand under the
footrest frame.
6. Remove the wheel nuts.
7. Remove the wheel.
89
MAINTENANCE
Tires
Wheel Installation
1. Place the transmission in PARK.
2. Lock the parking brake.
3. Place the wheel on the hub with the valve stem toward the outside
and rotation arrows on the tire pointing toward forward rotation (if
equipped).
4. Install the wheel nuts and finger-tighten them.
5. Lower the vehicle to the ground.
6. Torque the wheel nuts to specification.
WARNING! Loose nuts could cause a tire to come off during operation, which
could result in an accident or overturn. Always ensure that all nuts are torqued to
specification.
45 ft. lbs.
(61 Nm)
75 ft. lbs.
(102 Nm)
Cast Aluminum
Steel
Wheel Nut Torque Specifications
Check the wheel nut torques occasionally and when they've been loosened for maintenance service.
90
Wheel Type
Nut Type
Nut Torque
Aluminum
Lug Nut
75 ft. lbs. (102 Nm)
Steel
Lug Nut
45 ft. lbs. (61 Nm)
MAINTENANCE
Air Filter
1. Remove the seat.
2. Remove the air box cover
screws, and remove the air
box cover.
3. Remove the filter.
4. Remove the fabric type prefilter from the main filter.
Wash the pre-filter in soapy
water, then rinse and let dry.
5. Reinstall the pre-filter over
the main filter. Install a new
main filter if needed.
6. Reinstall the filter into the air
box.
7. Reinstall the air box cover
and the seat.
Screws
Pre-Filter
Main
Filter
91
MAINTENANCE
Fuse Replacement
If the engine stops or will not start, or if you experience other electrical
failures, a fuse may need replacement. Locate and correct any short circuits that may have caused the blown fuse, then replace the fuse. Spare
fuses are provided in the fuse box.
1. Remove the front rack.
2. Remove the fuse box cover.
3. Remove the suspect fuse from the fuse panel. If the fuse is blown,
install a new fuse with the same amperage rating.
4. Reinstall the fuse box cover.
5. Reinstall the front rack.
Fuse Box
92
550 XP
850 XP
550 XP EPS
850 XP EPS
MAINTENANCE
Lights
Poor lighting can result in reduced visibility when driving. Headlight
and taillight lenses become dirty during normal operation. Clean lights
frequently and replace burned out lamps promptly. Always make sure
lights are adjusted properly for best visibility.
Headlight Lamp Replacement
When servicing a halogen lamp, avoid touching the lamp with bare fingers. Oil from your skin leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that will
shorten the life of the lamp. If fingers do touch a lamp, clean it with
denatured alcohol.
1. Remove the five (5)
headlight pod screws.
2. Lift the pod cover and
disconnect the speedometer harnesses from the
speedometer.
CAUTION! Hot components
can cause burns to skin. Allow
lamps to cool before servicing.
3. Unplug the headlamp
from the wiring harness.
Be sure to pull on the
connector, not on the wiring.
4. Turn the lamp counterclockwise to remove it.
5. Install the new lamp. Make sure the tab on the lamp locates properly
in the housing.
6. Reassemble the pod.
93
MAINTENANCE
Lights
High Beam Adjustment
The headlight beam can be adjusted slightly upward or downward. Use
the following procedure to make the adjustment.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface with the headlight approximately 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a wall. Place the transmission in PARK.
25 ft. (7.6 m)
Lamp Center Height
2" (5 cm)
2. Measure the distance from the floor to the center of the headlight
and make a mark on the wall at the same height.
3. Start the engine. Turn the headlight switch to high beam.
4. Observe the headlight aim on the wall. The most intense part of the
headlight beam should be two inches (5 cm) below the mark on the
wall. Include rider weight on the seat when measuring.
5. The adjustment screw is
Adjustment
located on the right side of
Screw
the headlight pod. To adjust
the beam, loosen the screw.
Adjust the headlamp to the
desired position, then
tighten the screw.
94
MAINTENANCE
Lights
Low Beam Adjustment
Phillips Screw
The low beam can be adjusted
slightly upward or downward.
1. Loosen the phillips screw
located at the rear of the
headlamp.
2. Tilt the headlamp upward
or downward.
3. Tighten the screw.
95
MAINTENANCE
Lights
Headlight Housing Replacement
1. Remove the five (5)
headlight pod screws.
2. Lift the pod cover and
disconnect the speedometer
harnesses from the
speedometer.
3. Unplug the headlamp from
the wiring harness.
4. Use a small screwdriver to
remove the o-rings from the
headlight mounting tabs.
5. Pull the headlight housing up
to release it from the locking
tabs.
6. Carefully pull the assembly up and out of the pod.
7. Reverse the steps to install the new housing and reassemble the pod.
96
MAINTENANCE
Lights
Lower Headlamp Replacement
1. Turn the back of the headlight
harness counterclockwise and
pull the harness assembly away
from the headlight assembly.
2. Remove the headlamp and
install the new headlamp.
3. Reinstall the harness assembly
into the headlight assembly.
4. Turn the headlight harness
clockwise to secure the headlamp.
Harness
Taillight/Brakelight Lamp Replacement
1. Remove the harness connector
from the back of the light
assembly.
2. Turn the lamp counterclockwise
to remove it.
3. Install the new lamp.
4. Reinstall the harness connector.
5. Test the light for proper operation.
Taillight
97
MAINTENANCE
Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Recommendations
Refer to the specifications section beginning on page 126 for the recommended spark plug type and gap for your vehicle. Torque spark plugs to
specification.
NOTICE: Using non-recommended spark plugs can result in serious engine
damage. Always use Polaris-recommended spark plugs.
Plug Condition
Torque Specification
550 XP/XP EPS
850 XP/XP EPS
New Spark Plug
9-11 ft. lbs.
(12-15 Nm)
18-20 ft. lbs.
(24-27 Nm)
Previously Installed
Spark Plug
17-20 ft. lbs.
(23-27 Nm)
18-20 ft. lbs.
(24-27 Nm)
Spark Plug Inspection
Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. Check the spark
plug firing end condition after the engine has been warmed up and the
vehicle has been driven at higher speeds. Immediately check the spark
plugs for correct color. See page 99.
CAUTION! A hot exhaust system and engine can cause burns. Wear
protective gloves when removing a spark plug for inspection.
1. Rotate the spark plug cap 1/4 turn and pull it off the spark plug.
2. Rotate the spark plug counterclockwise to remove it.
3. Reverse the procedure for spark plug installation. Torque to specification.
98
MAINTENANCE
Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Inspection
Normal Spark Plug
The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few
combustion deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This indicates the proper type and heat range for the engine and the service.
The tip should not be flaky and white. A white insulator tip indicates
overheating, caused by use of an improper spark plug or incorrect fuel.
Wet Fouled Spark Plug
The wet fouled insulator tip is black. A damp oil film covers the firing
end. There may be a carbon layer over the entire nose. Generally, the
electrodes are not worn. General causes of fouling are excessive oil, use
of non-recommended oil or incorrect throttle body adjustments.
99
MAINTENANCE
Vehicle Immersion
If your vehicle becomes immersed, major engine damage can result if
the machine is not thoroughly inspected. Take the vehicle to your dealer
before starting the engine. If it's impossible to take your ATV to a dealer
before starting it, follow the steps outlined below.
1. Move the ATV to dry land or at the very least, to water below the
footrests.
2. Check the air box. If water is present, dry the air box and replace the
filter with a new filter.
3. Remove the spark plugs.
4. Turn the engine over several times using the electric start.
5. Dry the spark plugs. Reinstall the plugs or install new plugs.
6. Attempt to start the engine. If necessary, repeat the drying procedure.
7. Take the ATV to your dealer for service as soon as possible, whether
you succeed in starting it or not.
8. If water has been ingested into the PVT, follow the procedure on
page 104 for drying out the PVT.
100
MAINTENANCE
Spark Arrestor
WARNING
Failure to heed the following warnings while servicing the spark arrestor could
result in serious injury or death. Never run the engine in an enclosed area.
Remove any combustible materials from the area. Wear eye protection and
leather work gloves. Do not stand behind or in front of the vehicle while purging.
Never go under the vehicle while it's inclined.
The exhaust system can get extremely hot. Do not perform service on the spark
arrestor while the system is hot. Allow components to cool sufficiently before
proceeding.
Use the following procedure to periodically purge accumulated carbon
from the exhaust pipe/muffler.
1. Remove the arrestor cleanout plug from the bottom of
the muffler.
2. Place the transmission in
PARK.
3. Start the engine.
4. Quickly squeeze and
release the throttle lever
several times to purge carbon from the system.
5. If carbon comes out of the
exhaust, cover or plug the
Clean-Out Plug
exhaust outlet(s). Wear
protective gloves.
6. Lightly tap on the exhaust pipe with a rubber mallet while repeating
step 4.
7. If particles are still suspected to be in the muffler, elevate the rear of
the vehicle one foot (30 cm) higher than the front. Block the wheels.
8. Place the transmission in PARK. Lock the parking brake. Repeat
steps 4 to 6 until no more particles are expelled.
9. Stop the engine. Allow the arrestor to cool.
10. Reinstall the arrestor clean-out plug and remove the exhaust outlet
cover or plug.
101
MAINTENANCE
PVT System
WARNING
Failure to comply with the instructions in this warning can result in severe injury
or death.
Do not modify any component of the PVT system. Doing so may reduce its
strength so that a failure may occur at a high speed. The PVT system has been
precision balanced. Any modification will cause the system to be out of balance,
creating vibration and additional loads on components.
The PVT system rotates at high speeds, creating large amounts of force on
clutch components. Extensive engineering and testing has been conducted to
ensure the safety of this product. However, as the owner, you have the following
responsibilities to make sure this system remains safe:
• Always follow all recommended maintenance procedures. See your dealer as
outlined in the owner's manual.
• This PVT system is intended for use on Polaris products only. Do not install it
in any other product.
• Always make sure the PVT housing is securely in place during operation.
102
MAINTENANCE
PVT System
The basic operation of the Polaris PVT system is dependent on engine
speed and vehicle torque requirements. As engine speed increases, the
force exerted on the movable drive sheave by the flyweights also
increases. This, in turn, increases the amount of pinch applied to the
drive belt. Similarly, if the engine speed decreases, the amount of centrifugal force decreases, reducing the amount of belt pinch.
On Polaris ATVs, the approximate gear ratio difference between high
and low range is 1:2.25. This difference in gearing affects the operation
of the PVT, especially at speeds less than 7 MPH (11 km/h), due to the
system's dependence on engine speed.
For example, when operating at a ground speed of 3 MPH (5 km/h) in
low range, the engine speed would be around 3000 RPM. This is well
above the engagement speed of 1600 - 1800 RPM. However, in high
range at 3 MPH (5 km/h), the engine would be running at only 1500
RPM. Whenever operating this close to the engagement speed, the
engine may be running at a speed too low to provide the pinch needed to
prevent belt slip. Belt slip is responsible for creating the excessive heat
that destroys belts, wears clutch components and causes outer clutch
covers to fail.
The air temperature in the clutch cover is substantially reduced by using
low range while operating at low ground speeds. Reducing the temperature inside the clutch cover greatly extends the life of the PVT components (belt, cover, etc.).
103
MAINTENANCE
PVT System
When To Use Low Range and High Range
Condition
Operating at speeds less than 7 MPH (11 km/h)
Range to Use
Low
Towing heavy loads
Low
Operating in rough terrain (swamps, mountains, etc.)
Low
Operating at speeds greater than 7 MPH (11 km/h)
High
PVT Drying
There may be some instances when water is accidently ingested into the
PVT system. Use the following instructions to dry it out before operating.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the drain plug. Allow the water to drain completely. Reinstall the drain plug.
3. Start the engine. Place the transmission in PARK.
4. Apply varying throttle for 10-15 seconds to expel the moisture and
air-dry the belt and clutches. Do not hold the throttle wide open for
more than 10 seconds.
5. Allow the engine RPM to settle to idle speed, then shift the transmission to the lowest available range.
6. Test for belt slippage. If the belt slips, repeat the process.
7. Take the vehicle to your dealer for service as soon as possible.
104
MAINTENANCE
Battery
WARNING
Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result in an explosion
and cause serious injury or death. When removing the battery, always
disconnect the negative (black) cable first. When reinstalling the battery, always
connect the negative (black) cable last.
WARNING
Battery electrolyte is poisonous. It contains sulfuric acid. Serious burns can
result from contact with skin, eyes or clothing.
Antidote:
External: Flush with water.
Internal: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow with milk of magnesia,
beaten egg, or vegetable oil. Call physician immediately.
Eyes: Flush with water for 15 minutes and get prompt medical attention.
Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame, cigarettes, etc. away.
Ventilate when charging or using in an enclosed space. Always shield eyes
when working near batteries. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
Your ATV may have either a sealed battery, which requires little maintenance, or a conventional battery. A sealed battery can be identified by its
flat covers on the top of the battery. A conventional battery has six filler
caps on the top of the battery.
Always keep battery terminals and connections free of corrosion. If
cleaning is necessary, remove corrosion with a stiff wire brush. Wash
with a solution of one tablespoon baking soda and one cup water. Rinse
well with tap water and dry off with clean shop towels. Coat the terminals with dielectric grease or petroleum jelly. Be careful not to allow
cleaning solution or tap water into a conventional battery.
105
MAINTENANCE
Battery
Battery Removal
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Remove the seat.
Disconnect the black (negative) battery cable first.
Disconnect the red (positive) battery cable last.
Disconnect the battery hold-down strap.
On conventional batteries, remove the battery vent tube.
Lift the battery out of the ATV. Be careful not to tip a conventional
battery sideways, which could spill electrolyte.
NOTICE: If electrolyte spills, immediately wash it off with a solution of one
tablespoon baking soda and one cup water to prevent damage to the
vehicle.
106
MAINTENANCE
Battery
Battery Installation
Using a new battery that has not been fully charged can damage the battery and result in a shorter life. It can also hinder vehicle performance.
Follow the battery charging instructions on page 109 before installing
the battery.
1. Ensure that the battery is fully charged.
2. Place the battery in the battery holder.
3. With conventional batteries, install the battery vent tube (sealed batteries do not have a vent tube). The vent tube must be free of
obstructions and securely installed. Route the tube away from the
frame and vehicle body to prevent contact with electrolyte.
WARNING! Battery gases could accumulate in an improperly installed vent tube
and cause an explosion, resulting in serious injury or death. Always ensure that
the vent tube is free of obstructions and is securely installed as recommended.
4. On conventional batteries, coat the terminals with dielectric grease
or petroleum jelly.
5. Secure the battery hold-down strap.
6. Connect and tighten the red (positive) cable first.
7. Connect and tighten the black (negative) cable last.
8. Verify that cables are properly routed. Cables should be safely
tucked away at the front and rear of the battery.
9. Install the seat.
107
MAINTENANCE
Battery
Battery Storage
Whenever the vehicle is not used for a period of three months or more,
remove the battery from the vehicle, ensure that it's fully charged, and
store it out of the sun in a cool, dry place. Check battery voltage each
month during storage and recharge as needed to maintain a full charge.
Polaris recommends maintaining battery charge by using a Polaris Battery Tender charger or by charging about once a month to make up for
normal self-discharge. Battery Tender can be left connected during the
storage period, and will automatically charge the battery if the voltage
drops below a pre-determined point. See page 125 for the part numbers
of Polaris products.
Battery Fluid (Conventional Battery)
A poorly maintained battery will
deteriorate rapidly. Check the battery
fluid level often. Maintain the fluid
level between the upper and lower
level marks.
Add only distilled water. Tap water
contains minerals that are harmful to
a battery.
108
Lower
Mark
Upper
Mark
MAINTENANCE
Battery
Battery Charging (Conventional Battery)
1. Remove the battery from the vehicle to prevent damage from leaking or spilled electrolyte during charging. See page 106.
2. Charge the battery with a charging output no larger than 1/10 of the
battery’s amp/hr rating. Charge as needed to raise the specific gravity to 1.270 or greater.
3. Reinstall the battery. See page 107. Make sure the positive terminal
polarity is properly connected.
Battery Charging (Sealed Battery)
The following battery charging instructions apply only to the installation of a sealed battery. Read all instructions before proceeding with the
installation of this battery.
The sealed battery is already filled with electrolyte and has been sealed
and fully charged at the factory. Never pry the sealing strip off or add
any other fluid to this battery.
The single most important thing about maintaining a sealed battery is to
keep it fully charged. Since the battery is sealed and the sealing strip
cannot be removed, you must use a voltmeter or multimeter to measure
DC voltage.
WARNING! An overheated battery may explode, causing severe injury or
death. Always watch charging times carefully. Stop charging if the battery
becomes very warm to the touch. Allow it to cool before resuming charging.
For a refresh charge, follow all instructions carefully.
1. The battery should be disconnected from a load or charger for at
least two hours before checking voltage. Check the battery voltage
with a voltmeter or multimeter. A fully charged battery will register
12.8 V or higher.
2. If the voltage is less than 12.8 volts, recharge the battery at 1.2 amps
or less until battery voltage is 12.8 or greater.
3. When using an automatic charger, refer to the charger manufacturer's instructions for recharging. When using a constant current
charger, use the guidelines on the next page for recharging.
109
MAINTENANCE
Battery
Battery Charging (Sealed Battery)
Always verify battery condition before and 1-2 hours after the end of
charging.
Charge Time
State of
Charge
Voltage
Action
(Using constant current
charger @ standard amps
specified on top of battery)
100%
12.8-13.0 volts
None required
75%-100%
12.5-12.8 volts
50%-75%
25%-50%
12.0-12.5 volts
11.5-12.0 volts
None, check at 3
mos. from date of
manufacture
May need slight
charge, if no
charge given,
check in 3 months
Needs charge
Needs charge
0%-25%
11.5 volts or less
110
Needs charge with
desulfating charger
3-6 hours
5-11 hours
At least 13 hours,
verify state of charge
At least 20 hours
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning and Storage
Washing the Vehicle
Keeping your Polaris vehicle clean will not only improve its appearance
but it can also extend the life of various components.
NOTICE: High water pressure may damage components. Polaris recommends
washing the vehicle by hand or with a garden hose, using mild soap.
Certain products, including insect repellents and chemicals, will
damage plastic surfaces. Do not allow these types of products to
contact the vehicle.
The best and safest way to clean your Polaris vehicle is with a garden
hose and a pail of mild soap and water.
1. Use a professional-type washing cloth, cleaning the upper body first
and the lower parts last.
2. Rinse with clean water frequently.
3. Dry surfaces with a chamois to prevent water spots.
Washing Tips
• Avoid the use of harsh cleaners, which can scratch the finish.
• Do not use a power washer to clean the vehicle.
• Do not use medium to heavy duty compounds on the finish.
• Always use clean cloths and pads for cleaning and polishing. Old or
reused cloths and pads may contain dirt particles that will scratch the
finish.
111
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning and Storage
Washing the Vehicle
If a high pressure water system is used for cleaning (not recommended),
exercise extreme caution. The water may damage components and could
remove paint and labels. Avoid directing the water stream at the following items:
• Wheel bearings
• Electrical components
• Radiator
• Switches and controls
• Transmission seals
• Fuel system components
• Cab and body panels
• Labels and decals
If an informational or graphic label becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety
labels are provided by Polaris at no charge.
Grease all zerk fittings immediately after washing. Allow the engine to
run for a while to evaporate any water that may have entered the engine
or exhaust system.
Polishing the Vehicle
Polaris recommends the use of common household aerosol furniture
polish for polishing the finish on your Polaris vehicle. Follow the
instructions on the container.
Polishing Tips
• Avoid the use of automotive products, some of which can scratch the
finish of your vehicle.
• Always use clean cloths and pads for cleaning and polishing. Old or
reused cloths and pads may contain dirt particles that will scratch the
finish.
112
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning and Storage
Chrome Wheel Care (if equipped)
Proper maintenance will protect chrome wheels from corrosion, preserve wheel life and ensure a "like new" appearance for many years.
Chrome wheels exposed to road salt (or salt in the air in coastal areas)
are more susceptible to corrosion if not properly cleaned. Clean chrome
wheels more often if they're exposed to salt or other corrosive elements.
1. Wash chrome wheels frequently. Use a mild detergent. Never use
abrasive cleaners on plated or painted surfaces.
2. Rinse well with clear water. Soap, detergents, salt, dirt, mud and
other elements can cause corrosion.
3. Polish the clean chrome wheels periodically. Use an automotive
grade chrome polish.
4. Routinely and liberally apply a weather resistant wax to each polished chrome wheel. Choose a product suitable for chrome finishes.
Read and follow the product labels and instructions.
Removing Corrosion
If light rust is found on the chrome finish, use steel wool (#0000-OTT
grade) to remove it. Gently rub the affected areas with the steel wool
until the corrosion has been removed. Clean and polish the wheel as outlined above.
113
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning and Storage
Storage Tips
NOTICE: Starting the engine during the storage period will disturb the
protective film created by fogging and damage could occur. Never
start the engine during the storage period.
Clean the Exterior
Make any necessary repairs and then clean the vehicle as recommended.
See page 111.
Stabilize the Fuel
1. Fill the fuel tank.
2. Add Polaris Carbon Clean Fuel Treatment or Polaris Fuel Stabilizer.
Follow the instructions on the container for the recommended
amount. Carbon Clean removes water from fuel systems, stabilizes
fuel and removes carbon deposits from pistons, rings, valves and
exhaust systems.
3. Allow the engine to run for 15-20 minutes to allow the stabilizer to
disperse through the entire fuel delivery system.
Oil and Filter
Change the oil and filter. See page 74.
Air Filter / Air Box
1. Inspect and clean (or replace) the pre-cleaner and air filter.
2. Clean the air box.
114
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning and Storage
Storage Tips
Fluid Levels
Inspect the following fluid levels. Change fluids as recommended in the
Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 68.
• Demand drive unit (front gearcase)
• ADC fluid (ADC models) (change every two years)
• Rear gearcase
• Transmission
• Brake fluid (change every two years and any time the fluid looks dark
or contaminated)
• Coolant (test strength)
Fog the Engine
1. Treat the fuel system with Polaris Carbon Clean, following the
instructions on the container. Run the engine for several minutes so
the Carbon Clean reaches the injectors. Stop the engine.
2. Remove the spark plugs and add 2-3 tablespoons of engine oil. To
access the plug holes, use a section of clear 1/4" hose and a small
plastic squeeze bottle filled with the pre-measured amount of oil.
3. Reinstall the spark plugs. Torque to specification.
4. Apply dielectric grease to the inside of each spark plug cap and reinstall the caps onto the plugs.
5. Turn the engine over several times using electric start. Oil will be
forced in and around the piston rings and ring lands, coating the cylinder with a protective film of fresh oil.
6. If Polaris fuel system additive is not used, the fuel tank, fuel lines,
and injectors should be completely drained of gasoline.
115
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning and Storage
Storage Tips
Inspect and Lubricate
Inspect all cables and lubricate all areas of the vehicle as recommended
in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 68.
Battery Maintenance
Remove the battery and recharge it as outlined on page 109. Store the
battery in a cool, dry place.
Storage Area/Covers
Set the tire pressure and safely support the ATV with the tires slightly
off the ground. Be sure the storage area is well ventilated. Cover the
vehicle with a genuine Polaris cover. Do not use plastic or coated materials. They do not allow enough ventilation to prevent condensation, and
may promote corrosion and oxidation.
Accessories
Auxiliary power outlets provide 12-volt power for operating accessories. Accessory outlets are available for all models. Polaris also has a
wide range of additional accessories available for your ATV. Always
install accessories that are approved for ATV use. Please see your
Polaris dealer.
116
MAINTENANCE
Transporting the ATV
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Stop the engine.
Place the transmission in PARK.
Lock the parking brake.
Secure the fuel cap, oil cap and seat.
Always tie the frame of the ATV to the transporting unit securely
with suitable straps or rope. Do not attach tie straps to the front Aarm bolt pockets, racks or handlebars.
6. Remove the key to prevent loss during transporting.
117
ADJUSTMENTS
Throttle Body/Idle RPM
Idle RPM is preset by the manufacturer. If the engine idle speed is not
satisfactory, please see your Polaris dealer for adjustment.
Throttle Cable Freeplay
1. Remove the three cover
screws from the right handlebar control and remove
the cover.
2. With the handlebars
straight ahead, place very
light pressure on the throttle lever. A gap of 2-3 mm
should be visible between
the throttle arm stop pin
and the throttle arm.
If adjustment is needed:
1. Locate the throttle cable
adjuster. Squeeze the end
of the rubber boot and slide
it back far enough to
expose the inline cable
adjuster locknut.
2. Loosen the adjuster locknut.
3. Rotate the boot to turn the
adjuster until 2-3 mm of
freeplay is achieved
between the stop pin and
the throttle arm. While
adjusting freeplay, flip the
throttle lever back and
forth repeatedly.
(continued on next page)
118
Throttle
Arm
Arm Stop Pin
2-3 mm Gap
Cable
Adjuster
Boot
Lock
Nut
Adjuster
ADJUSTMENTS
Throttle Cable Freeplay
4. Place the transmission in PARK. Lock the parking brake.
5. Start the engine and allow the idle to stabilize. If necessary, tap the
throttle lever to ensure the idle speed settles.
6. If idle speed remains above or below the recommended setting (see
specification pages), verify the correct gap. If gap is correct and idle
speed is still not satisfactory, please see your Polaris dealer for service.
7. With the engine running, turn the handlebars fully to the left and
right. Tap the throttle lever at each turn, verifying that idle RPM
returns to the recommended setting. If idle speed increases, it may
be necessary to increase the gap between the stop pin and throttle
arm, but do not exceed the recommended 2-3 mm gap.
8. When adjustments are complete, tighten the locknut.
9. Squeeze the end of the rubber boot and slide it over the cable
adjuster to its original position.
10. Ensure the control cover seal is in place, then reinstall the cover and
screws.
119
ADJUSTMENTS
Camber and Caster
The camber and caster are non-adjustable.
Front and Rear Springs
The front and rear shock absorber
springs are adjusted by rotating the
adjuster either clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease
spring tension. Accessory springs
are available through your Polaris
dealer.
Adjuster
Handlebars
The handlebars can be adjusted for rider preference.
WARNING! Improper adjustment of the handlebars or incorrect torquing of the
adjuster block tightening bolts can cause limited steering or loosening of the
handlebars, resulting in loss of control and serious injury or death. Follow the
adjustment procedures exactly, or see your Polaris dealer for service.
1. Remove the upper headlight
pod.
2. Loosen the four handlebar
bolts.
3. Adjust the handlebar to the
desired height. Be sure the
handlebars do not contact the
gas tank or any other part of
the machine when turned fully
to the left or right.
4. Torque the front two bolts to
10-12 ft. lbs. (14-17 Nm), then
torque the rear two bolts. A
gap of up to 1/8" (3 mm) will
remain at the rear of the clamp
blocks.
120
Handlebar
Bolts
TROUBLESHOOTING
Drive Belt Wear/Burn
Possible Cause
Driving onto a pickup or
tall trailer in high range
Starting out going up a
steep incline
Driving at low RPM or
ground speed (3-7 MPH)
Insufficient warm-up at
low ambient temperatures
Solution
Use low range during loading.
Use low range or turn around using the K-turn (see page
60).
Drive at a higher speed or use low range more frequently.
See page 104.
Warm the engine at least 5 minutes. With the transmission
in neutral, advance the throttle to about 1/8 throttle in
short bursts, 5 to 7 times. The belt will become more flexible and prevent belt burning.
Slow/easy clutch engage- Use the throttle quickly and effectively.
ment
Towing/pushing at low
Use low range only.
RPM/low ground speed
Utility use/plowing
Use low range only.
Stuck in mud or snow
Shift the transmission to low range and carefully use fast,
aggressive throttle application to engage clutch.
WARNING! Excessive throttle may cause loss of
control and vehicle overturn.
Climbing over large
Shift the transmission to low range and carefully use fast,
objects from a stopped
brief, aggressive throttle application to engage clutch.
position
WARNING! Excessive throttle may cause loss of
control and vehicle overturn.
Belt slippage from water Dry out the PVT. See page 104. Inspect clutch seals for
or snow ingestion into the damage if repeated leaking occurs.
PVT system
Clutch malfunction
See your Polaris dealer.
Poor engine performance Check for fouled plugs or foreign material in gas tank or
fuel lines. See your dealer.
Slippage from failure to
Always warm up the belt by operating below 30 mph for
warm up belt
one mile (5 miles or more when temperature is below
freezing).
Wrong or missing belt
Install the recommended belt.
Improper break-in
Always break in a new belt and/or clutch. See page 49.
121
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Doesn't Turn Over
Possible Cause
Low battery voltage
Loose battery connections
Loose solenoid connections
Solution
Recharge the battery to 12.8 VDC
Check all connections and tighten
Check all connections and tighten
Engine Turns Over, Fails to Start
Possible Cause
Out of fuel
Clogged fuel filter
Water is present in fuel
Old or non-recommended fuel
Fouled or defective spark plugs
No spark to spark plug
Water or fuel in crankcase
Low battery voltage
Mechanical failure
Solution
Refuel, cycle key to ON position three
times for 5 seconds each, then start
See your dealer
Drain the fuel system and refuel
Replace with fresh recommended fuel
Inspect plugs and replace if necessary
Inspect plugs, verify stop switch is on
Immediately see your Polaris dealer
Recharge the battery to 12.8 VDC
See your dealer
Engine Backfires
Possible Cause
Weak spark from spark plug
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Old or non-recommended fuel
Incorrectly installed spark plug wires
Incorrect ignition timing
Mechanical failure
Loose ignition connections
Water present in fuel
122
Solution
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Replace with fresh recommended fuel
See your dealer
See your dealer
See your dealer
Check all connections and tighten
Replace with fresh recommended fuel
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Pings or Knocks
Possible Cause
Poor quality or low octane fuel
Incorrect ignition timing
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Solution
Replace with recommended fuel
See your dealer
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Engine Runs Irregularly, Stalls or Misfires
Possible Cause
Fouled or defective spark plugs
Worn or defective spark plug wires
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Loose ignition connections
Water present in fuel
Low battery voltage
Kinked or plugged fuel tank vent line
Incorrect fuel
Clogged air filter
Reverse speed limiter malfunction
Electronic throttle control malfunction
Other mechanical failure
Possible Lean Fuel Cause
Low or contaminated fuel
Kinked or plugged fuel tank vent line
Low octane fuel
Clogged fuel filter
Incorrect fuel
Possible Rich Fuel Cause
Fuel is very high octane
Stopping/starting without adequate
warm-up
Incorrect fuel
Clogged air filter
Solution
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
See your dealer
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Check all connections and tighten
Replace with new fuel
Recharge battery to 12.8 VDC
Inspect and replace
Replace with recommended fuel
Inspect and clean or replace
See your dealer
See your dealer
See your dealer
Solution
Add or change fuel, clean the fuel system
Inspect and replace
Replace with recommended fuel
See your dealer
Replace with recommended fuel
Solution
Replace with lower octane fuel
Allow engine to warm up before operating and/or stopping
Replace with recommended fuel
Inspect and clean or replace
123
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Stops or Loses Power
Possible Cause
Out of fuel
Kinked or plugged fuel vent line
Water is present in fuel
Fouled or defective spark plugs
Worn or defective spark plug wires
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Loose ignition connections
Low battery voltage
Incorrect fuel
Clogged air filter
Reverse speed limiter malfunction
Electronic throttle control malfunction
Other mechanical failure
Overheated engine
Solution
Refuel, cycle key to ON position three
times for 5 seconds each, then start
Inspect and replace
Replace with new fuel
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plug
See your dealer
Set gap to specs or replace plug
Check all connections and tighten
Recharge the battery to 12.8 VDC
Replace with fresh recommended fuel
Inspect and clean or replace
See your dealer
See your dealer
See your dealer
Clean radiator screen and core, clean
engine exterior, see your dealer
Engine Overheating
Possible Cause
Debris lodged in screen
Plugged Radiator
124
Solution
Clean the screen.
Use a garden hose to flush any debris
from the radiator fins. NOTE: High pressure washers can deform the radiator fins
and reduce cooling efficiency.
POLARIS PRODUCTS
Part
Number
2870791
2876244
2876245
2877606
2873602
2873603
2876144
2871653
2872276
2870465
2876251
2871323
2871534
2871312
2871322
2871423
2871460
2871515
2871551
2871329
2872073
2872348
2871326
2870652
2872189
2871956
2859044
Description
Engine Lubricant
Fogging Oil (12 oz./355 ml Aerosol)
PS-4 PLUS Performance Synthetic 2W-50 4-Cycle Oil (qt./.95 l)
PS-4 PLUS Performance Synthetic 2W-50 4-Cycle Oil (gal./3.8 l)
Gearcase / Transmission Lubricants
Synthetic Sportsman XP Transmission Fluid (qt./.95 l)
Premium AGL Synthetic Gearcase Lubricant (qt./.95 l)
Premium AGL Synthetic Gearcase Lube (gal./3.8 l)
Active Descent Control (ADC) Fluid
Premium ATV Angle Drive Fluid (8 oz./237 ml)
Premium ATV Angle Drive Fluid (2.5 gal./9.5 l)
Pump for Gallon (3.8 l) Jug
Demand Drive LT Premium Fluid (8 oz./237 ml)
Coolant
60/40 Coolant (gal./3.8 l)
60/40 Coolant (qt./.95 l)
Grease / Specialized Lubricants
Grease Gun Kit, Premium All Season
Premium All Season Grease (3 oz./89 ml cartridge)
Premium All Season Grease (14 oz./414 ml cartridge)
Starter Drive Grease
Premium U-Joint Lube (3 oz./89 ml cartridge)
Premium U-Joint Lube (14 oz./414 ml cartridge)
Dielectric Grease (NyogelTM)
Chain Lube, Aerosol (6.25 oz./185 ml)
Chain Lube, Aerosol (16 oz./473 ml)
Additives / Miscellaneous
Carbon Clean Plus
Fuel Stabilizer
DOT 4 Brake Fluid
LoctiteTM 565 Thread Sealant
Polaris Battery TenderTM Charger
125
SPECIFICATIONS
Sportsman 550 XP / XP EPS
Maximum Weight Capacity
Dry Weight
Fuel Capacity
Engine Oil Capacity
Coolant Capacity
Rear Gearcase Oil Capacity
Demand Drive Fluid Capacity
Transmission Oil Capacity
Front Rack/Storage Box Capacity
Rear Rack Capacity
Receiver Hitch Tongue Capacity
Hitch Towing Rating
Unbraked Trailer Towing Capacity*
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall Height
Wheelbase
Ground Clearance
Minimum Turning Radius
Engine
Displacement
Bore x Stroke
Alternator Output
Compression Ratio
Starting System
Ignition System
Idle RPM
Ignition Timing
Spark Plug / Gap
Lubrication System
Driving System Type
Front Suspension
Rear Suspension
* Based on EU Directive 76/432/EC
126
575 lbs. (261 kg)
732 lbs. (332 kg) (XP)
744 lbs. (337.5 kg) (XPS)
5.25 gal. (20 l) (XP)
4.5 gal. (17 l) (XP EPS)
2 qts. (1.9 l)
2 qts. (1.9 l)
7.1 oz. (210 ml)
9.3 oz. (275 ml)
32 oz. (950 ml)
120 lbs. (54 kg)
240 lbs. (109 kg)
150 lbs. (68 kg) (Rear rack load and tongue
weight not to exceed 240 lbs. /109 kg)
1500 lbs. (680.4 kg)
1786 lbs. (810 kg)
83.25 in. (211 cm)
47.6 in. (121 cm)
50.75 in. (129 cm)
53 in. (134.6 cm)
11.6 in. (29.5 cm)
84 in. (213 cm) unloaded
ES550PLE
549.7 cc
96.6 x 75
490w @ 1350 RPM/Peak 630w
9.6:1
Electric
Electronic Fuel Injection
1650 +/- 100 RPM
13 +/- 3 BTDC @ 1350 RPM, Engine warm
NGK BKR6E / .035 in. (0.9 mm)
Wet Sump
Automatic PVT (Polaris Variable Transmission)
Dual a-arm with 9.2" (23 cm) travel
Progressive rate with 10.2" (26 cm) travel
SPECIFICATIONS
Sportsman 550 XP / XP EPS
Transmission
Gear Reduction, Low
Gear Reduction, Reverse
Gear Reduction, High
Drive Ratio, Front
Drive Ratio, Rear
Tires/Pressure, Front
Tires/Pressure, Rear
Brakes, Front/Rear
Brakes, Auxiliary
Brake, Parking
Headlight
Taillights
Brake Light
Instrument Cluster
H/L/N/R/P
5.034:1
4.508:1
2.693:1
3.818:1
3.7:1
26x8-14 AT / 7 psi (48.3 kPa)
26x10-14 AT / 5 psi (34.5 kPa)
Single-Control Hydraulic Disc, All Wheel
Foot-Activated Hydraulic Disc, Rear Wheel
Hydraulic lock, all wheel
1 Single Beam on Headlight Pod (50 watt)
2 Single Beam on Bumper (50 watt)
7 watts
27 watts
Digital LCD/LED
Clutching
Altitude
Meters
(Feet)
Shift
Weight
Drive Clutch
Spring
Driven
Clutch
Spring
Helix*
0-1800
(0-6000)
23-58
PN 5632218
Red/Black
PN 7043500
Red/White
PN 3235621
52° BA-500
PN 3234620
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
23-54
PN 5632219
Red/Black
PN 7043500
Red/White
PN 3235621
52° BA-500
PN 3234620
*EBS models require no helix/spring adjustment
127
SPECIFICATIONS
Sportsman 850 XP / XP EPS
Maximum Weight Capacity
Dry Weight
Fuel Capacity
Engine Oil Capacity
Coolant Capacity
Rear Gearcase Oil Capacity
Demand Drive Fluid Capacity
Transmission Oil Capacity
Front Rack/Storage Box Capacity
Rear Rack Capacity
Receiver Hitch Tongue Capacity
Hitch Towing Rating
Unbraked Trailer Towing Capacity*
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall Height
Wheelbase
Ground Clearance
Minimum Turning Radius
Engine
Displacement
Bore x Stroke
Alternator Output
Compression Ratio
Starting System
Ignition System
Idle RPM
Ignition Timing
Spark Plug Type / Gap
Lubrication System
Driving System Type
Front Suspension
Rear Suspension
* Based on EU Directive 76/432/EC
128
575 lbs. (261 kg)
784 lbs. (356 kg) (XP)
796 lbs. (361 kg) (XP EPS)
5.25 gal. (20 l) (XP)
4.5 gal. (17 l) (XP EPS)
2 qts. (1.9 l)
2 qts. (1.9 l)
7.1 oz. (210 ml)
9.3 oz. (275 ml)
32 oz. (950 ml)
120 lbs. (54 kg)
240 lbs. (109 kg)
150 lbs. (68 kg) (Rear rack load and tongue
weight not to exceed 240 lbs. /109 kg)
1500 lbs. (680.4 kg)
1914 lbs. (868 kg)
83.25 in. (211 cm)
47.6 in. (121 cm)
50.75 in. (129 cm)
53 in. (134.6 cm)
11.6 in. (29.5 cm)
84 in. (213 cm) unloaded
EHO850LE
850 cc
87 x 71.5
475w @1200 RPM/Peak 575w
11:1
Electric
Electronic Fuel Injection
1200 +/- 100 RPM
6 +/- 5 BTDC @ 1200 RPM, Engine warm
Champion REA6MC / .035 in. (0.9 mm)
Wet Sump
Automatic PVT (Polaris Variable Transmission)
Dual a-arm with 9.2" (23 cm) travel
Progressive rate with 10.2" (26 cm) travel
SPECIFICATIONS
Sportsman 850 XP / XP EPS
Transmission
Gear Reduction, Low
Gear Reduction, Reverse
Gear Reduction, High
Drive Ratio, Front
Drive Ratio, Rear
Tires/Pressure, Front
Tires/Pressure, Rear
Brakes, Front/Rear
Brakes, Auxiliary
Brake, Parking
Headlight
Taillights
Brake Light
Instrument Cluster
H/L/N/R/P
5.034:1
4.508:1
2.367:1
3.818:1
3.7:1
26x8-14 AT / 7 psi (48.3 kPa)
26x10-14 AT / 5 psi (34.5 kPa)
Single-Control Hydraulic Disc, All Wheel
Foot-Activated Hydraulic Disc, Rear Wheel
Hydraulic lock, all wheel
1 Single Beam on Headlight Pod (50 watt)
2 Single Beam on Bumper (50 watt)
7 watts
27 watts
Digital LCD/LED
Clutching
Altitude
Meters
(Feet)
Shift
Weight
Drive Clutch
Spring
Driven
Clutch
Spring
Helix*
0-1800
(0-6000)
24-63
PN5632215
Red/White
PN 7043349
Red/White
PN 3235621
52° BA-500
PN 3234620
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
24-60
PN 5632216
Red/White
PN 7043349
Red/White
PN 3235621
52° BA-500
PN 3234620
*EBS models require no helix/spring adjustment
129
WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY
Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, gives a SIX MONTH LIMITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) against
defects in material or workmanship. Polaris also gives a one year limited warranty on
the final drive chain for failure due to defects. This warranty covers the parts and labor
charges for repair or replacement of defective parts which are covered by this warranty.
This warranty begins on the date of purchase. This warranty is transferable to another
consumer during the warranty period through a Polaris dealer.
REGISTRATION
At the time of sale, the Warranty Registration Form must be completed by your dealer
and submitted to Polaris within ten days. Upon receipt of this registration, Polaris will
record the registration for warranty. No verification of registration will be sent to the
purchaser as the copy of the Warranty Registration Form will be the warranty entitlement. If you have not signed the original registration and received the customer copy,
please contact your dealer immediately. NO WARRANTY COVERAGE WILL BE
ALLOWED UNLESS YOUR ATV IS REGISTERED WITH POLARIS.
Initial dealer preparation and set-up of your ATV is very important in ensuring troublefree operation. Purchasing a machine in the crate or without proper dealer set-up will
void your warranty coverage.
130
WARRANTY
WARRANTY COVERAGE AND EXCLUSIONS:
LIMITATIONS OF WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES
The Polaris limited warranty excludes any failures that are not caused by a defect in
material or workmanship. This warranty does not cover accidental damage, normal wear
and tear, abuse or improper handling. This warranty also does not cover any ATV that
has been altered structurally, modified, neglected, improperly maintained, used for racing, or used for purposes other than for which it was manufactured, or for any damages
which occur during trailer transit or as a result of unauthorized service or the use of
unauthorized parts. In addition, this warranty does not cover physical damage to paint or
finish, stress cracks, tearing or puncturing of upholstery material, corrosion, or defects in
parts, components or the ATV due to fire, explosions or any other cause beyond Polaris'
control.
This warranty does not cover the use of unauthorized lubricants, chemicals, or fuels that
are not compatible with the ATV. The exclusive remedy for breach of this warranty shall
be, at Polaris' exclusive option, repair or replacement of any defective materials, or components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY ARE THE
ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY DESCRIPTION,
WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY
OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE, OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE. Some
states do not permit the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages
or implied warranties, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you if
inconsistent with controlling state law.
131
WARRANTY
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE ABOVE SIX
MONTH WARRANTY PERIOD. POLARIS FURTHER DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS
WARRANTIES NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to
you if inconsistent with controlling state law.
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE
If your ATV requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer authorized to
repair Polaris ATVs. When requesting warranty service you must present your copy of
the Warranty Registration form to the dealer. (THE COST OF TRANSPORTATION TO
AND FROM THE DEALER IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY). Polaris suggests that you
use your original selling dealer; however, you may use any Polaris Servicing Dealer to
perform warranty service.
Please work with your dealer to resolve any warranty issues. Should your dealer require
any additional assistance they will contact the appropriate person at Polaris.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
If any of the above terms are void because of state or federal law, all other warranty
terms will remain in effect.
Engine Oil
1. Mixing oil brands or using non-recommended oil may cause engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris engine oil for your ATV.
2. Damage resulting from the use of non-recommended lubricants may not be covered
by warranty.
SPARK ARRESTOR
Polaris warrants that the spark arrestor in this vehicle will meet the efficiency requirements of 43 CFR 8340.1(c) for at least 1000 hours when subjected to normal use and
when maintenance and installation are in accordance with Polaris recommendations.
132
WARRANTY
Exported Vehicles
EXCEPT WHERE SPECIFICALLY REQUIRED BY LAW, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OR SERVICE BULLETIN COVERAGE ON THIS VEHICLE IF IT IS SOLD
OUTSIDE THE COUNTRY OF THE SELLING DEALER'S AUTHORIZED LOCATION.
This policy does not apply to vehicles that have received authorization for export from
Polaris Industries. Dealers may not give authorization for export. You should consult an
authorized dealer to determine this vehicle's warranty or service bulletin coverage if you
have any questions.
This policy does not apply to vehicles registered to government officials or military personnel on assignment outside the country of the selling dealer's authorized location.
This policy does not apply to Safety Recalls.
How to Get Service
In the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs must be done by an authorized Polaris dealer. If you
move or are traveling within the country where your vehicle was purchased, Warranty or
Service Bulletin repairs may be requested from any authorized Polaris dealer who sells
the same line as your vehicle.
Outside the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
If you are traveling temporarily outside the country where your vehicle was purchased,
you should take your vehicle to an authorized Polaris dealer. You must show the dealer
photo identification from the country of the selling dealer's authorized location as proof
of residence. Upon residence verification, the servicing dealer will be authorized to perform the warranty repair.
If You Move:
If you move to another country, be sure to contact Polaris Customer Assistance and the
customs department of the destination country before you move. Vehicles importation
rules vary considerably from country to country. You may be required to present documentation of your move to Polaris Industries in order to continue your warranty coverage. You may also be required to obtain documentation from Polaris Industries in order
to register your vehicle in your new country.
133
WARRANTY
Exported Vehicles
How to Get Service
If Purchased From A Private Party:
If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which
the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.
Notice
If your vehicle is registered outside of the country where it was purchased, and you have
not followed the procedure set out above, your vehicle will no longer be eligible for warranty or service bulletin coverage of any kind. (Vehicles registered to Government officials or military personnel on assignment outside of the country where the vehicle was
purchased will continue to be covered by the basic warranty.)
For questions call Polaris Customer Assistance:
United States: 1-888-704-5290
Canada: 1-204-925-7100
134
WARRANTY
U.S.A. EPA Emissions Limited Warranty
This All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) or Off Road Utility Vehicle (ORUV) emissions limited
warranty is in addition to the Polaris standard limited warranty for this vehicle.
Polaris warrants that this vehicle is; (1) designed, built, and equipped to conform at the
time of initial sale with the requirements of 40 CFR 1051 and, (2) free from defects in
materials and workmanship that may keep it from meeting these requirements.
The emissions warranty period for this vehicle begins on the date the vehicle is delivered to the original retail purchaser and ends 30 months (2.5 years) after that date, after
5000 km (3100 miles), or after 500 hours of operation, whichever comes first.
This emission-related warranty covers components whose failure would increase an
engine's emissions, including electronic controls, fuel injection, exhaust-gas recirculation, aftertreatment, or any other system utilized in this vehicle to control emissions.
Replacing or repairing other components not covered by this emissions warranty or the
standard warranty is the responsibility of the owner; including the parts, labor and other
costs associated with recommended maintenance.
The exclusive remedy for breach of this limited warranty shall be, at the exclusive
option of Polaris, repair or replacement of any defective materials, components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS LIMITED WARRANTY ARE THE
ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY
DESCRIPTION,WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORT OR
OTHERWISE.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE WARRANTY
PERIOD DESCRIBED HEREIN. POLARIS DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations on
how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply if it is inconsistent with the controlling state law.
This limited warranty excludes failures not caused by a defect in material or workmanship.This limited warranty does not cover damage due to accidents, abuse or improper
handling, maintenance or use. This limited warranty also does not cover any engine that
has been structurally altered, or any engine that has been used in racing competition.
This limited warranty also does not cover physical damage, corrosion or defects caused
by fire, explosions or other similar causes beyond the control of Polaris.
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, you
should contact the Polaris Warranty Department at 1-888-704-5290.
135
MAINTENANCE LOG
Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your vehicle is serviced.
This will provide you and future owners with an accurate log of maintenance and services performed.
DATE
136
MILES (KM)
OR HOURS
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
MAINTENANCE LOG
DATE
MILES (KM)
OR HOURS
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
137
MAINTENANCE LOG
DATE
138
MILES (KM)
OR HOURS
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
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