User’s Manual
English
APC Smart-UPS®
1400VA XL 230VAC/120VAC/100VAC
3U Rack and Stack
Uninterruptible Power Supply
990-1079, Revision 01 10/01
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1:
Safety Information............................................................................................................................................................ 1
Handling Safety.................................................................................................................................................................. 1
Electrical Safety.................................................................................................................................................................. 1
Deenergizing Safety ........................................................................................................................................................... 2
Battery Safety ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
2:
Installation ........................................................................................................................................................................ 3
Unpacking .......................................................................................................................................................................... 3
Positioning the UPS............................................................................................................................................................ 3
Installing the Smart-UPS .................................................................................................................................................... 3
Accessories......................................................................................................................................................................... 7
3:
Operation .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8
Smart-UPS Front Panel ...................................................................................................................................................... 8
Smart-UPS Rear Panel...................................................................................................................................................... 11
On Battery Operation........................................................................................................................................................ 13
4:
User Configurable Items ................................................................................................................................................ 14
5:
Transporting Your Smart-UPS ..................................................................................................................................... 16
Disconnecting the Battery for Transport........................................................................................................................... 16
Removing the UPS from the Rack.................................................................................................................................... 16
6:
Storage and Maintenance............................................................................................................................................... 17
Storage.............................................................................................................................................................................. 17
Replacing the Battery Module .......................................................................................................................................... 17
7:
Troubleshooting.............................................................................................................................................................. 19
Service.............................................................................................................................................................................. 21
Contacting APC................................................................................................................................................................ 21
8:
Regulatory and Warranty Information ........................................................................................................................ 22
Regulatory Agency Approvals and Radio Frequency Warnings....................................................................................... 22
Declaration of Conformity................................................................................................................................................ 23
Limited Warranty ............................................................................................................................................................. 23
Entire contents copyright © 2001 by American Power Conversion Corporation. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or
in part without permission is prohibited.
APC, Smart-UPS, and PowerChute are registered trademarks of American Power Conversion Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
1:
SAFETY INFORMATION
American Power Conversion Corporation (APC) is the leading national and international manufacturer of state-of-the-art uninterruptible power supplies, redundant switches, power management software, and related equipment. APC products protect hardware, software, and data from the threat of
power disturbances in business and government offices throughout the world.
The APC Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) is designed to prevent blackouts, brownouts, sags,
and surges from reaching your computer and other valuable electronic equipment. The UPS filters
out small utility line fluctuations and isolates your equipment from large disturbances by internally
disconnecting from the utility line. The UPS provides continuous power from its internal battery until
the utility line returns to safe levels.
Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the warranty.
HANDLING SAFETY
The UPS requires two people for installation due to its weight. To lighten the UPS, you may remove
the battery while you position it.
<18 kg (<40 lb)
32–55 kg (70–120 lb)
>55 kg (>120 lb)
18–32 kg (40–70 lb)
This equipment is intended for installation in a temperature-controlled indoor area free of conductive
contaminants. Refer to Specifications at the APC web site www.apc.com/support, for the actual temperature range.
ELECTRICAL SAFETY
Do not work alone under hazardous conditions.
The UPS should only be attached to a properly protected receptacle that matches the plug used
on the UPS. Refer to Specifications at the APC web site, www.apc.com/support for specific plug
ratings.
A licensed electrician is required to change the plug on the UPS and to install permanently wired
equipment.
Check that the power cord(s), plug(s), and sockets are in good condition.
When grounding, disconnect the equipment from the utility power outlet before installing or
connecting to other equipment. Reconnect the power cord only after all connections are made.
Use one hand, whenever possible, to connect or disconnect signal cables to avoid a possible
shock from touching two surfaces with different electrical grounds.
Connect the equipment to a three wire utility outlet (two poles plus ground). The receptacle must
be connected to appropriate branch circuit/mains protection (fuse or circuit breaker). Connection
to any other type of receptacle may result in a shock hazard.
1
In order to maintain compliance with the EMC directive, output cords attached to the UPS
should not exceed 10 meters in length.
Pluggable equipment includes a protective earth conductor that carries the leakage current from
the load devices (computer equipment). Total leakage current must not exceed 3.5 mA.
DEENERGIZING SAFETY
If the unit has an internal energy source (battery), the output may be energized when the unit is
not connected to a utility power outlet.
To deenergize pluggable equipment, press the
button for more than one second to switch
the unit off. Disconnect the unit from the utility power outlet. Disconnect the battery. Push the
button to deenergize the capacitors.
To deenergize permanently wired equipment: set the power switch to standby
.
Set the utility circuit breaker to standby , and then disconnect the batteries (including any expansion units). Finally, disconnect the utility power from the building power supply.
Avoid using extension cords and adapter plugs.
Use of this equipment in life support applications where failure of this equipment can
reasonably be expected to cause the failure of the life support equipment or to significantly affect its safety or effectiveness is not recommended.
BATTERY SAFETY
This equipment contains potentially hazardous voltages. Do not attempt to disassemble the unit.
The only exception is for equipment containing batteries. Battery replacement using the procedures below is permissible. Except for the battery, the unit contains no user serviceable parts.
Repairs are to be performed only by factory trained service personnel.
Do not dispose of batteries in a fire. The batteries may explode.
Do not open or mutilate batteries. They contain an electrolyte that is toxic and harmful to the
skin and eyes.
To avoid personal injury due to energy hazard, remove wristwatches and jewelry such as rings
when replacing the batteries. Use tools with insulated handles.
Replace batteries with the same number and type of batteries or battery packs as originally installed in the equipment.
2
2:
INSTALLATION
The UPS has a “rack and stack” design that provides two mounting options. The UPS can be
mounted in a 46.5 cm (19-inch) equipment rack or stacked on a battery pack(s) model
SU24RMXLBP2U. Hardware is provided for either option.
UNPACKING
Inspect the UPS upon receipt. APC designed robust packaging for your product. However, accidents
and damage may occur during shipment. Notify the carrier and dealer if there is damage.
The packaging is recyclable; save it for reuse or dispose of it properly.
Check the package contents. The package contains the UPS (with battery disconnected), the front
bezel, and a literature kit containing one CD, one serial cable, and product documentation. The package will also include a mounting kit with brackets, cleats, feet, and hardware, and a rail kit (necessary
for rack mounting the UPS), containing mounting rails, installation instructions, and a hardware
packet.
230V models have one power cord included with the literature kit.
The UPS is shipped with the battery and the front bezel disconnected. You will connect
the battery and install the bezel during the installation procedure (described later).
POSITIONING THE UPS
Place the rack and the UPS where they will be used for either rack mounting or stacking. (Both procedures are detailed on the following pages.) The UPS is heavy. Select a location sturdy enough to
handle the weight.
You must install the UPS in a protected area that is free of excessive dust and has adequate airflow.
Ensure the air vents on the front and rear of the UPS are not blocked.
Do not operate the UPS where the temperature and humidity are outside the specified limits. Refer to
Specifications at the APC web site, www.apc.com/support.
PLACEMENT
INSTALLING THE SMART-UPS
To install the Smart-UPS, follow these basic steps. Details are provided on the following pages.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Stack the UPS on the battery pack or install the mounting rails in the rack (four-post rack installation only). Place the UPS in the rack. Install the UPS at or near the bottom of the rack.
Connect the battery and attach the front bezel.
Connect the equipment and power to the UPS.
Turn on the UPS.
Install optional software and accessories.
3
STACKING THE UPS ON A BATTERY PACK
Note: For rack mounting, proceed to Mounting the UPS in a Rack, below.
Do not step on the UPS. The UPS chassis is not designed to support additional weight.
When stacking the UPS with an external battery pack, position the
UPS on top of the 2U battery pack. The top of the battery pack has
indentations for proper placement of the feet on the bottom of the
UPS.
1.
Unpack the four mounting feet shipped in the mounting kit.
2.
Turn the UPS on its side so the bottom surface is accessible.
3.
Locate the indentations on the bottom of the UPS that mark the
feet positions (indicated by arrows in the figure at left).
4.
Peel away the protective film on the back of one foot, align the
adhesive side with an indentation on the UPS, and press hard to
affix the foot to the UPS. Repeat this step for all feet.
5.
Turn the UPS right side up and place it either on the floor or on
an optional battery pack (shown). The battery pack cover has indentations to accommodate the feet on the bottom of either a UPS
or another battery pack.
6.
Continue with Connecting the Battery and Attaching the Bezel
(next page).
MOUNTING THE UPS IN A RACK
The UPS comes with standard 19-inch (46.5 cm) rack mounting rails, brackets, and cleats. The rack
can have any of the common types of equipment mounting holes (square, round-threaded, or roundnon-threaded). All necessary hardware is provided.
The UPS is heavy. To lighten it, you may remove the battery before mounting the unit in the rack.
See Chapter 5, Removing the Bezel and Battery Module. If you do not want to remove the battery,
continue with Mount the UPS in a Rack (below).
Mount the UPS in a Rack
1.
Install the mounting rails in the rack (required for four-post racks
only). Directions are included with the rail kit.
2.
For a four-post rack, attach a mounting cleat to each side of the
UPS.
4
3.
Attach the mounting brackets to the UPS before mounting the
UPS in your rack, (below). Each mounting bracket attaches to
the UPS with four screws (included). Two sets of bracket holes
are located on the sides of the UPS.
If you are using a four-post rack, attach the mounting brackets
in the forward position. For two post rack mounting attach the
brackets at the mid-point position.
Four-Post Rack
Bracket Position
Two-Post Rack
Bracket Position
4.
Use the handles on the side of the UPS to support the unit.
Due to the weight of the UPS, two people are required to install it in the rack.
5.
Each side of the UPS has a cleat that must
slide into the groove on the rails in four-post rack
mounting. Slide the UPS into position.
6.
Use the four ornamental screws supplied with the
UPS to attach the mounting brackets to the rack
post in both two and four post mounting.
Check the rack to make sure it will not tip after loading the UPS into the rack.
Reinstalling the Battery
If you removed the battery before mounting the UPS in the
rack, follow this step to reinstall it.
Supporting the battery on the bottom, align it with the battery door opening and slide it into the compartment.
CONNECTING THE BATTERY AND ATTACHING THE FRONT BEZEL
The battery is accessible from the front of the UPS. This procedure requires a Phillips head screwdriver.
1.
Use a screwdriver to remove the two battery door screws
and open the door.
Set the screws aside. You will replace them later.
5
2.
Locate the battery cables tucked on top of the battery .
3.
Locate the UPS battery connector jack to the right of
the battery tray.
4.
To connect the battery cable plug to the battery jack, push
the plug into the jack firmly to ensure a tight connection.
You will hear a “snap” when the connector is seated properly.
5.
Tuck the white cord and the battery cables into the space
above the UPS battery.
6.
Close the battery door and replace the screws.
7.
Unpack the bezel and hold it with the cutout section on
the right. Align the tabs on the side of the bezel with the
slots on the front of the UPS and gently snap it into place.
To connect an optional external battery pack(s) to the UPS, refer to the 2U Battery Pack
User’s Manual for instructions. The Smart-UPS 1400 XL can support a maximum of ten
external battery packs, model SU24RMXLBP2U.
CONNECTING EQUIPMENT AND POWER TO THE UPS
Avoid using extension cords and adapter plugs.
Do not connect a laser printer to the UPS. A laser printer draws significantly more power
than other types of equipment and may overload the UPS.
1.
Connect equipment to the UPS.
2.
Connect the UPS to the utility power supply.
•
230V models: Plug the UPS into a two-pole, three-wire, grounding receptacle only. Your
UPS is not supplied with an input line cord. Three output line cords are supplied for connecting equipment. Additional cords are available from your dealer.
•
Swap an input cord from another piece of equipment with one of the supplied output cords.
The input cord used for the UPS must be three conductor—1.0 mm2, rated 10 Amps. Plug
this equipment input line cord into the inlet on the rear panel of the UPS and then into utility
power. If your equipment does not have a removable line cord, see your dealer or contact
APC at www.apc.com/support/contact, to obtain a suitable input line cord.
•
120V/100V models: The power cord is permanently attached to the rear panel of the UPS.
Connect the ground lead to the TVSS screw located on the rear panel. Refer to TVSS Screw
under Smart-UPS Rear Panel in Chapter 3. The transient voltage surge suppression (TVSS)
screw provides grounding through the UPS power cord ground conductor. To make the
6
connection, loosen the screw and connect the surge suppression device ground lead. Tighten
the screw to secure the lead.
•
3.
100V models: In order to operate at the full VA rating of the 1400VA product, the supplied
15A plug must be replaced with a 20A plug. This change must be done by qualified service
personnel. Refer to the web site, www.apc.com/support for additional information.
Turn on all connected equipment. To use the UPS as a master ON/OFF switch, be sure all connected equipment is switched ON. The equipment will not be powered until the UPS is turned
on.
TURNING ON THE UPS
1.
Make sure the battery is connected before turning on the UPS! Press the
button on the front
panel to power up the UPS. This will power up connected equipment. Make sure connected
equipment is switched to the ON position.
The UPS charges its battery when it is connected to utility power. The battery charges
fully during the first 24 hours of normal operation. Do not expect full battery run capability during this initial charge period.
The unit performs a self-test automatically when turned on and every two weeks thereafter (by default). Refer to the User Configurable Items in Chapter 4, for details on changing the default interval.
2.
120V models: Check the site wiring fault LED located on the rear panel. It lights up if the UPS is
plugged into an improperly wired utility power outlet. Wiring faults detected include missing
ground, hot-neutral polarity reversal, and overloaded neutral circuit.
If the UPS indicates a site wiring fault, get a qualified electrician to correct the
building wiring.
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
Add any optional accessories. See the documentation accompanying the accessory for details. See
the APC web site, www.apc.com for available accessories.
ACCESSORIES
If the UPS is equipped with an accessory slot, visit the APC web site, www.apc.com, for available
accessories.
If a standard accessory (such as an SNMP card) is installed on this UPS, see the Utility CD for user
documentation.
®
For additional computer system security, install PowerChutePlus Smart-UPS monitoring software.
This provides automatic unattended shutdown capabilities on most major network operating systems.
7
3:
OPERATION
SMART-UPS FRONT PANEL
OPERATION
The ON and OFF buttons are used to power the UPS and act as master controls for the connected
equipment. Make sure connected equipment is switched to the ON position. The UPS remains on as
long as it is attached to utility power.
Power On
Power Off
Load
button to supply power to the UPS and conPress and release the
nected equipment. The equipment is immediately powered and the
UPS performs a self-test.
Press and release the
nected equipment.
button to turn off power to the UPS and con-
The five-LED display on the left of the front panel shows the percentage of available power used by the connected equipment. For example,
if three LEDs are lit, the connected load is drawing between 50% and
67% of the UPS capacity. If all five LEDs are lit, the connected load is
drawing between 85% and 100% of capacity. Thoroughly test your
entire system to make sure that the UPS will not become overloaded.
In the graphic to the left, the load capacity threshold is listed next to
the LED (values are not listed on the UPS).
8
SELF-TEST
Automatic Self-Test
The UPS performs a self-test automatically when turned on, and
every two weeks thereafter (by default). Refer to User Configurable Items for details on changing the default interval.
Automatic self-test eases maintenance requirements by eliminating
the need for periodic manual self-tests. During the self-test, the
UPS briefly operates the connected equipment on battery. If the
UPS passes the self-test, it returns to online operation.
If the UPS fails the self-test, the UPS lights the replace battery
LED
and immediately returns to online operation. The connected equipment is not affected by a failed test. Recharge the battery for 24 hours and perform another self-test. If it fails, the battery must be replaced.
Manual Self-Test
Press and hold the
test.
button for a few seconds to initiate the self-
UTILITY POWER
During normal operation, the UPS monitors the utility power and delivers power to the connected
equipment. If your system is experiencing excessive periods of high or low voltage, have a certified
electrician check your facility for electrical problems. If the problem continues, contact the utility
company for further assistance.
Online
The online LED illuminates when the UPS is supplying utility
power to the connected equipment. If the LED is not lit, the UPS is
either not turned ON, or is supplying battery power. The UPS
sounds an alarm—four beeps every 30 seconds.
Utility Voltage
The UPS has a diagnostic feature that displays the utility voltage.
Plug the UPS into the normal utility power.
Press and hold the
button to view the utility voltage bar graph
display. After a few seconds the five-LED display on the right of the
front panel shows the utility input voltage. Refer to the figure at left
for the voltage reading (values are not listed on the UPS).
The UPS starts a self-test as part of this procedure. The self-test does not affect
the voltage display.
The display indicates the voltage is between the displayed value on
the list and the next higher value. For example, with three LEDs lit
on the 120V model, the input voltage is between 115 and 134 VAC.
If no LEDs are lit and the UPS is plugged into a working, utility
power outlet, the line voltage is extremely low.
If all five LEDs are lit, the line voltage is extremely high and should
be checked by an electrician.
9
AVR Trim
This LED illuminates to indicate the UPS is compensating for a
high utility voltage.
AVR Boost
This LED illuminates to indicate the UPS is compensating for a low
utility voltage.
BATTERY POWER
If the utility power fails, the UPS can provide power to the connected equipment from its internal
battery for a finite period. The UPS sounds an alarm—four beeps every 30 seconds—while operating
on battery power. The alarm stops when the UPS returns to online operation.
On Battery
When the on battery power LED is lit the UPS is supplying battery
power to the connected equipment.
Battery Charge
The five-LED display on the right of the front panel shows the present
charge of the UPS battery as a percentage of the battery capacity.
When all five LEDs are lit, the battery is fully charged. The LEDs extinguish, from top to bottom, as the battery capacity diminishes. Refer
to the figure at left for the battery capacity threshold (values are not
listed on the UPS).
As a low battery warning, any LEDs illuminated (for the given capacity) flash and the UPS beeps. The low battery warning default setting
can be changed from the rear panel or through the optional PowerChute software. Refer to Default Settings below for details.
Overload
The UPS emits a sustained alarm tone and the LED illuminates when
an overload condition occurs. Refer to Troubleshooting in this manual.
Replace Battery
Failure of a battery self-test causes the UPS to emit short beeps for one
minute and the replace battery LED illuminates. Refer to Troubleshooting in this manual.
SHUTDOWN MODE (VIA SOFTWARE OR AN ACCESSORY)
In shutdown mode, the UPS stops supplying power to the connected equipment, waiting for the return of utility power. If there is no utility power present, external devices (such as servers) connected
to the computer interface or the accessory slot can command the UPS to shut down. This normally is
done to preserve battery capacity after the shutdown of protected servers. The UPS scrolls the front
panel LEDs sequentially in shutdown mode.
10
SMART-UPS REAR PANEL
230V models
120V/100V models
BASIC CONNECTORS
Serial Port
Power management software and interface kits can be used with the
UPS. Use only interface kits supplied or approved by APC. If used,
connect the interface cable to the 9-pin computer interface port. Secure
the connector screws to complete the connection.
Use an APC supplied cable to connect to the Serial Port.
DO NOT use a standard serial interface cable since it is incompatible with the UPS
connector.
If both Serial and USB Ports are provided they cannot be used simultaneously.
Use the battery pack connector to connect optional external battery
pack(s). These units support up to ten external battery packs.
See the APC web site, www.apc.com/support for the correct external
battery pack model number for your UPS.
TVSS Screw
120V/100V models only: The UPS features a transient voltage surgesuppression (TVSS) screw for connecting the ground lead on surge
suppression devices such as telephone and network line protectors.
11
DEFAULT SETTINGS
Voltage Sensitivity
The UPS detects line voltage distortions (such as spikes, notches, dips,
and swells) as well as distortions caused by operation with inexpensive
fuel-powered generators. By default, the UPS reacts to distortions by
transferring to on-battery operation to protect the connected equipment.
Where power quality is poor, the UPS may frequently transfer to onbattery operation. If the connected equipment can operate normally under
such conditions, reduce the sensitivity setting to conserve battery capacity and service life.
To reduce UPS sensitivity, press the voltage sensitivity button. Use a
pointed object (such as a pen) to do so. Press the button once to set sensitivity to medium. Press it again to set sensitivity to low. Press the button a third time to reset to high sensitivity. You also can change the sensitivity level through software.
Brightly lit: UPS is set to high sensitivity.
Dimly lit: UPS is set to medium sensitivity.
Off:
UPS is set to low sensitivity.
Low Battery Warning
Level
The low battery warning beeps to indicate low on-battery run time. It
beeps periodically (approximately three times per minute) when less than
seven minutes of run time remain. The beeps are continuous when only
two minutes of run time remain.
This may not be enough time to shut down some protected computer
systems. To change the warning interval default setting, press the voltage
button.
sensitivity button while pressing and holding the front-panel
Brightly lit: Low battery warning interval is about two minutes.
Dimly lit: Low battery warning interval is about five minutes.
Off:
Low battery warning interval is about seven minutes.
FAULT LEDS
Input Circuit Breaker
If the plunger on the circuit breaker (located above the input cable connection) pops out, reduce the load on the UPS by unplugging equipment
and press the plunger in.
Site Wiring Fault LED
120V models only: This LED lights up when the UPS is connected to an
improperly wired utility power outlet. Refer to Troubleshooting in this
manual.
12
ON BATTERY OPERATION
The Smart-UPS switches to battery operation automatically if the utility power fails. While running
on-battery, an internal alarm sounds (periodic beeps).
Press the
button (front panel) to silence the UPS alarm (for the current alarm only). You can
change the audible indicator if you are using the PowerChute software.
If the utility power does not return, the UPS continues to supply power to the connected equipment
until exhausted. The UPS will begin to beep continuously approximately two minutes before the UPS
final low battery shutdown. If using a computer, you must manually save your files and power down
before the UPS turns off, unless you are using PowerChute interface software that provides automatic, unattended shutdown.
DETERMINING ON BATTERY RUN TIME
UPS battery life differs based on usage and environment. It is recommended that the battery/batteries
are changed once every three years.
See the APC web site, www.apc.com, for on battery run times.
13
4:
USER CONFIGURABLE ITEMS
NOTE: SETTING THESE ITEMS REQUIRES SOFTWARE OR OPTIONAL HARDWARE.
FUNCTION
FACTORY
DEFAULT
Automatic SelfTest
Every 14 days
(336 hours)
Every 7 days
(168 hours),
On Startup Only,
No Self-Test
This function sets the interval at which
the UPS will execute a self-test. Refer to
your software manual for details.
UPS ID
UPS_IDEN
Up to eight characters to define
the UPS
Use this field to uniquely identify the
UPS for network management purposes.
Date of Last
Battery Replacement
Manufacture
Date
Date of Battery
Replacement
Reset this date when you replace the
battery module.
Minimum Capacity Before
Return from
Shutdown
0 percent
15, 50, 90 percent
The UPS will charge its batteries to the
specified percentage before return from
a shutdown.
Sensitivity
High
Medium, Low
Set lower than high sensitivity to avoid
lowered battery capacity and service life
in situations where the connected equipment can tolerate minor power disturbances.
Duration of Low
Battery Warning
2 minutes
5, 7, 10 minutes
This function sets the time before shutdown. The UPS issues a low battery
warning. Set it higher than the default if
the operating system needs more time
for shutdown.
Alarm Delay
After Line Fail
5 second delay
30 second delay at
low battery condition only. No
alarm for line fail.
To avoid alarms for minor power
glitches, set the alarm delay.
Shutdown Delay
20 seconds
180, 300, 600
seconds
This function sets the interval between
the time when the UPS receives a shutdown command and actual shutdown.
Synchronized
Turn-on Delay
0 seconds
60, 180, 300
seconds
The UPS will wait the specified time
after the return of utility power before
turn-on (to avoid branch circuit overload).
USER SELECTABLE
CHOICES
14
DESCRIPTION
NOTE: SETTING THESE ITEMS REQUIRES SOFTWARE OR OPTIONAL HARDWARE.
FUNCTION
High Transfer
Point
Low Transfer
Point
Output Voltage
FACTORY
DEFAULT
USER SELECTABLE
CHOICES
230V models:
253VAC
230V models:
264, 271,
280VAC
120V models:
132VAC
120V models:
129, 135,
138VAC
100V models:
110VAC
100V models:
108, 112,
114VAC
230V models:
196VAC
230V models:
188, 204,
208VAC
120V models:
103VAC
120V models:
97, 100, 106VAC
100V models:
90VAC
100V models:
81, 85, 92VAC
230V models:
230VAC
230V models:
220, 225,
240VAC
15
DESCRIPTION
To avoid unnecessary battery usage, set
the high transfer point higher if the utility voltage is chronically high and the
connected equipment is known to work
under this condition.
Set the low transfer point lower if the
utility voltage is chronically low and the
connected equipment can tolerate this
condition.
230V models only; allow the user to select the output voltage.
5:
TRANSPORTING YOUR SMART-UPS
Always DISCONNECT THE BATTERY before shipping in compliance with U.S.
Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations.
The battery may remain in the UPS; it does not have to be removed.
DISCONNECTING THE BATTERY FOR TRANSPORT
The battery is accessible from the front of the UPS. This procedure requires a Phillips head screwdriver.
1.
Shut down any equipment attached to the UPS.
2.
Disconnect the UPS from the power supply.
3.
Face the front of the UPS to remove the bezel. Use both hands
and grasp the finger clips on either side of the bezel. Pull toward you. The bezel will unsnap.
Set the bezel aside.
4.
Use a screwdriver to remove the two battery door screws and
open the door.
5.
To disconnect the battery, take out the white cord that is
tucked into the space above the battery. This cord serves as a
handle for the connector . Grasp the cord and pull firmly
toward you.
6.
Tuck the white cord on top of the battery pack.
7.
Close the battery door and replace the two screws removed in
Step 4.
Leave the bezel off unless the UPS is being transported in a rack.
REMOVING THE UPS FROM THE RACK
If your UPS is mounted in a rack and you are removing it from the rack for transport:
•
Remove the four ornamental screws that secure the unit to the rack. Refer to Mounting the
UPS in a Rack in Chapter 2.
•
Grasp the handle located on the front of the UPS and pull the unit halfway out of the rack.
•
Use the handles on the sides of the unit for additional support and slide the unit out of the
rack.
16
6:
STORAGE AND MAINTENANCE
STORAGE
STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store the UPS covered and positioned as for proper functioning, in a cool, dry location, with its batteries fully charged. Disconnect any cables connected to the computer interface port to avoid unnecessary battery drainage.
EXTENDED STORAGE
At -15 to +30 °C (+5 to +86 °F), charge the UPS battery every six months.
At +30 to +45 °C (+86 to +113 °F), charge the UPS battery every three months.
REPLACING THE BATTERY MODULE
This UPS has an easy to replace, hot-swappable battery module. Replacement is a safe procedure,
isolated from electrical hazards. You may leave the UPS and connected equipment on for the following procedure. See your dealer or contact APC at the web site, www.apc.com/support/contact, for
information on replacement battery modules.
Once the battery is disconnected, the connected equipment is not protected from power
outages.
REMOVING THE FRONT BEZEL AND BATTERY MODULE
The battery module is accessible from the front of the UPS. This procedure requires a Phillips or straight head screwdriver.
1.
Face the front of the UPS to remove the bezel. Use both hands and
grasp the finger clips on either side of the bezel. Pull toward you. The
bezel will unsnap.
Set the bezel aside
2.
Use a screwdriver to remove the two battery door screws and open
the door (hinged panel).
Set the screws aside in a safe place. You will replace them later.
3.
To disconnect the battery, take out the white cord that is tucked into
the space above the battery. This cord serves as a handle for the connector . Grasp the cord and pull firmly toward you.
4.
Be careful during this step—the battery module is heavy.
Pull the battery module out of the UPS by pulling the clear label ,
not the white cord. (The battery module consists of a string of four
batteries. The white cord is connected to the battery leads, not the
body of the battery.)
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REPLACING THE BATTERY MODULE
1.
The plug on the new battery module is taped to the side of the battery.
Remove this tape allowing the plug and the attached white cord and
battery cables to come to the front of the battery.
2.
Supporting the new battery module on the bottom, align it with the battery door opening and slide it into the compartment.
3.
Locate the UPS battery connector jack to the right of the battery tray.
4.
To connect the battery cable plug and the battery jack, push the plug
into the jack firmly to ensure a tight connection. You will hear a “snap”
when the connector is seated properly.
5.
Tuck the white cord and the battery cables into the space above the
UPS battery module.
6.
Close the battery door and replace the two screws removed in Step 2.
7.
Hold the bezel with the cutout section on the right. Align the tabs on
the side of the bezel with the slots on the front of the UPS and gently
snap it into place.
Be sure to return the spent battery to APC for recycling. Ship it to APC in the
replacement battery packing material.
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7:
TROUBLESHOOTING
Use the chart below to solve minor Smart-UPS installation and operation problems. Refer to the APC
web site, www.apc.com, for assistance with complex UPS problems.
PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
UPS WILL NOT TURN ON
button not pushed.
UPS not connected to utility power
supply.
UPS input circuit breaker tripped.
Very low or no utility voltage.
Battery not connected properly.
UPS WILL NOT TURN OFF
Internal UPS fault.
Press the
button once to power the UPS and the connected
equipment.
Check that the power cable from the UPS to the utility power supply is securely connected at both ends.
Reduce the load on the UPS by unplugging equipment and resetting
the circuit breaker (on the back of UPS) by pressing the plunger in.
Check the utility power supply to the UPS by plugging in a table
lamp. If the light is very dim, have the utility voltage checked.
Check that the battery connectors are fully engaged.
Do not attempt to use the UPS. Unplug the UPS and have it serviced immediately.
UPS OPERATES ON BATTERY ALTHOUGH NORMAL LINE VOLTAGE EXISTS
UPS input circuit breaker tripped.
Very high, low, or distorted line voltage. Inexpensive fuel powered generators can distort the voltage.
Reduce the load on the UPS by unplugging equipment and resetting
the circuit breaker (on the back of UPS) by pressing the plunger in.
Move the UPS to a different outlet on a different circuit. Test the
input voltage with the utility voltage display. If acceptable to the
connected equipment, reduce the UPS sensitivity.
UPS BEEPS OCCASIONALLY
Normal UPS operation.
None. The UPS is protecting the connected equipment.
UPS DOES NOT PROVIDE EXPECTED BACKUP TIME
The UPS battery is weak due to a reCharge the battery. Batteries require recharging after extended outcent outage or is near the end of its
ages. They wear faster when put into service often or when operservice life.
ated at elevated temperatures. If the battery is near the end of its
service life, consider replacing the battery even if the replace battery LED LED is not yet lit.
ALL LEDS ARE LIT AND THE UPS EMITS A CONSTANT BEEPING
Internal UPS fault.
Do not attempt to use the UPS. Turn the UPS off and have it serviced immediately.
The UPS is overloaded.
Check the UPS Load display. Unplug unnecessary equipment, such
as printers.
FRONT PANEL LEDS FLASH SEQUENTIALLY
The UPS has been shut down remotely
None. The UPS will restart automatically when utility power rethrough software or an optional accesturns.
sory card.
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PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
ALL LEDS ARE OFF AND THE UPS IS PLUGGED INTO A WALL OUTLET
The UPS is shut down and the battery
None. The UPS will return to normal operation when the power is
is discharged from an extended outage.
restored and the battery has a sufficient charge.
THE REPLACE BATTERY LED IS LIT
Weak battery.
Replace Battery LED flashes and
short chirp is emitted every two seconds to indicate the battery is disconnected.
Failure of a battery self-test.
Allow the battery to recharge for at least 24 hours. Then, perform a
self-test. If the problem persists after recharging, replace the battery.
Check that the battery connectors are fully engaged.
The UPS emits short beeps for one minute and the replace battery LED illuminates. The UPS repeats the alarm every five
hours. Perform the self-test procedure after the battery has
charged for 24 hours to confirm the replace battery condition.
The alarm stops if the battery passes the self-test.
THE OVERLOAD LED IS LIT AND THE UPS EMITS A SUSTAINED ALARM TONE
The UPS is overloaded.
The connected equipment exceeds the specified “maximum
load” as defined in Specifications at the APC web site,
www.apc.com.
The alarm remains on until the overload is removed. Disconnect
nonessential equipment from the UPS to eliminate the overload.
The UPS continues to supply power as long as it is online and
the circuit breaker does not trip; the UPS will not provide power
from batteries in the event of a utility voltage interruption.
If a continuous overload occurs while the UPS is on battery, the
unit turns off output in order to protect the UPS from possible
damage.
THE SITE WIRING FAULT LED IS LIT
The site wiring LED is lit.
The UPS is plugged into an improperly wired utility power outlet. Wiring faults detected include missing ground, hot-neutral
polarity reversal, and overloaded neutral circuit. Contact a
qualified electrician to correct the building wiring.
THERE IS NO UTILITY POWER AND THE UPS HAS BEEN TURNED OFF
When the UPS is off and there is no
230V/120V models Only:
utility power, use the cold start feature
to apply power to the connected equipbutton, (for about 3 seconds). The unit
Press and hold the
ment from the UPS battery. Cold start
will beep, the LED lights will flash, and the unit will beep a second
is not a normal condition.
time. Release the ON button during the second beep. This will supply immediate power to the UPS and the connected equipment.
Make sure connected equipment is switched to ON.
20
SERVICE
If the UPS requires service do not return it to the dealer. Instead, follow these steps:
1.
Review the problems discussed in the Troubleshooting section of this manual to eliminate common problems.
2.
Verify that no circuit breakers are tripped.
3.
If the problem persists, contact APC Customer Service through the APC web site,
www.apc.com/support.
Note the model number of the UPS, the serial number, and the date purchased. If you call
APC Customer Service, a technician will ask you to describe the problem and try to solve it
over the phone, if possible. If this is not possible, the technician may arrange for the UPS to
be serviced or may issue a Returned Material Authorization Number (RMA#).
If the UPS is under warranty, repairs are free. If not, there is a repair charge.
Procedures for servicing or returning your UPS may vary internationally. Please contact the
APC Customer Service office in the appropriate country (www.apc.com/support) for questions about warranty and RMA.
4. Pack the UPS in its original packaging. If the original packing is not available, refer to the APC
web site, www.apc.com/support, for information about obtaining a new set.
Pack the UPS properly to avoid damage in transit. Never use Styrofoam beads for packaging.
Damage sustained in transit is not covered under warranty.
Always DISCONNECT THE BATTERY before shipping in compliance with U.S.
Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations.
The battery may remain in the UPS; it does not have to be removed.
5.
Mark the RMA# on the outside of the package.
6.
Return the UPS by insured, prepaid carrier to the address given to you by Customer Service.
CONTACTING APC
Refer to the information provided at the APC Internet site,
http://www.apc.com/support.
If you ordered a Smart-UPS SU1400R3XLIX171 unit, please refer to the red addendum sheet (part number 990-1023A) for contact information.
21
8:
REGULATORY AND WARRANTY INFORMATION
REGULATORY AGENCY APPROVALS AND RADIO FREQUENCY WARNINGS
230V MODELS
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference, in
which case the user may be required to take corrective actions.
120V MODELS
120V STANDARD CLASS A MODELS
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Shielded signal cables must be used with this product to ensure compliance with the Class A FCC limits.
120V STANDARD CLASS B MODELS
100V MODELS
22
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
LIMITED WARRANTY
American Power Conversion (APC) warrants its products to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of
two years from the date of purchase. Its obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing or replacing, at its own sole option, any such defective products. To obtain service under warranty you must obtain a Returned Material Authorization
(RMA) number from customer support. Products must be returned with transportation charges prepaid and must be accompanied by a brief description of the problem encountered and proof of date and place of purchase. This warranty does not apply
to equipment that has been damaged by accident, negligence, or misapplication or has been altered or modified in any way.
This warranty applies only to the original purchaser who must have properly registered the product within 10 days of purchase.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED HEREIN, AMERICAN POWER CONVERSION MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Some states do not permit limitation or exclusion of implied warranties; therefore, the aforesaid limitation(s) or exclusion(s)
may not apply to the purchaser.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED ABOVE, IN NO EVENT WILL APC BE LIABLE FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. Specifically, APC is not liable for any costs, such as lost profits or revenue,
loss of equipment, loss of use of equipment, loss of software, loss of data, costs of substitutes, claims by third parties, or otherwise.
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