1609 Industrial Uninterruptible Power Supply
User Manual
Installation and Operation
41063-222-01 (1)
990-1868
12/2004
Mount the UPS
This unit is designed to mount on a heavy duty DIN rail or on the back panel of an enclosure. For details on
DIN rail installation refer to the DIN rail installation guide included in the DIN rail package. The DIN rail kit is
not included.
When mounting on the back panel of an enclosure, select screws that are appropriate for the weight of this unit
and the mounting surface material.
Six screws must be used when mounting this unit in an enclosure. Three screws in the top of the bracket and
three screws in the bottom of the bracket. Failure to follow these instructions may result in damage to the unit.
Top Bracket
Bottom Bracket
Battery Installation
The UPS battery is shipped in a separate carton.
Refer to the installation guide included with the replacement battery for installation instructions.
3
Front Panel
120 V model depicted.
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
NO
ON
CO M
BATTERY
NC
NO
LOW
CO M
BATTERY
NC
EPO CO M
EPO
Test
PUSH
TO
RESET
INPUT
OUTPUT
208/220-240V~ 50/60Hz, 7A MAX
GROUND
NEUTRAL
N
23 0V~ 50/60Hz, 500VA
325W, 2.7A MAX
LINE
GROUND
NEUTRAL
N
L
LINE
L
Connect Power and Equipment to the UPS
Hardwiring should be performed by a qualified electrician. Use appropriate size wires.
1. The UPS features a transient voltage surge-suppression (TVSS) screw
located on the front panel.
The TVSS screw is used for connecting the ground lead on surge suppression devices such as telephone
and network line protectors.
Prior to connecting the grounding cable, ensure that the UPS is NOT connected to utility or battery
power.
2. Hardwire the UPS.
– In 230 V applications the UPS must be protected with a circuit breaker that complies with
European standards for branch rated protection per the country of installation.
– In 208 V applications, the 1609-U500E must be protected by a dual pole, 10 A branch rated
circuit breaker with UL489 rating.
– The 120 V 1609-U500N has supplementary circuit breaker protection. The unit should be
protected by a single pole, 15 A branch rated circuit breaker with a UL489 rating. Allen-Bradley
part number 1492-MCAA115 is suggested. Ensure that the branch circuit breaker is off prior
to wiring the unit.
120 V
models
INPUT
OUTPUT
NEUTRAL
LINE
NEUTRAL
LINE
N
L
N
L
208/230 V
models
INPUT
L2/N
OUTPUT
L1
L2/N
L1
3. Connect equipment to the UPS.
4. Add optional accessories to the SmartSlot located on the front panel.
5. Turn on all connected equipment. To use the UPS as a master on/off switch, be sure all connected
equipment is switched on.
6. Press the
button on the front panel to start the UPS.
– The battery charges to 90% capacity during the first four hours of normal operation.
– Do not expect full battery run capability during this initial charge period.
7. For optimal computer system security, install PowerChute monitoring software included with the UPS.
4
Connectors
Communication Port
A standard serial interface cable is incompatible with the UPS.
Use the cable supplied with the unit.
SERIAL PORT
Contact Closure Port
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
The relays are connected from the common (COM) to the normally
closed (NC) pins.When the unit enters a low battery or on battery state,
the appropriate relay will transition and connect the common (COM) to
the normally open (NO) pin.
NO
ON
COM
BATTERY
NC
NO
LOW
COM
BATTERY
NC
EPO COM
EPO
The Contact Closure Port connection will automatically disable when a
Network Management Card or the Serial Port connection are used.
Output Contact Ratings:
Parameter
Value
nominal switching capacity
1 A @ 30 VDC
maximum switching power
30 W
maximum switching voltage
60 VDC
maximum switching current
2 ADC
maximum carrying current
2 ADC
surge ratings
2 kV per Bellcore TA-NWT-001089
1.5 kV per FCC part 68
Emergency Power Off
The emergency power off (EPO) feature is user configurable. EPO provides immediate de-energizing of
connected equipment from a remote location, without switching to battery operation.
Use a normally-open contact to connect the EPO COM terminal to the EPO terminal.
The EPO interface is a Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV) circuit. Connect it only to other SELV
circuits. The EPO interface monitors circuits that have no determined voltage potential. Such closure
circuits may be provided by a switch or relay properly isolated from the utility. To avoid damage to the
UPS, do not connect the EPO interface to any circuit other than a closure type circuit.
Use one of the following cable types to connect the UPS to the EPO switch.
•
•
•
•
•
•
CL2: Class 2 cable for general use.
CL2P: Plenum cable for use in ducts, plenums, and other spaces used for environmental air.
CL2R: Riser cable for use in a vertical run in a floor-to-floor shaft.
CLEX: Limited use cable for use in dwellings and for use in raceways.
For installation in Canada: Use only CSA certified, type ELC (extra-low voltage control cable).
For installation in other countries: Use standard low-voltage cable in accordance with national and
local regulations.
5
Operation
Operation
UPS Display Panel
120 V
models
INPUT
208/220-240V~ 50/60Hz, 7A MAX
GROUND
208/230 V
models
Test
NEUTRAL
N
LINE
L
OUTPUT
230V~ 50/60Hz, 500VA
325W, 2.7A MAX
GROUND
NEUTRAL
N
Test
INPUT
OUTPUT
208/220-240V~ 50/60Hz, 7A MAX
230V~ 50/60Hz, 500VA
325W, 2.7A MAX
L2/N
L2/N
LINE
L
L1
L1
Display Panel Indicators and Function Buttons
Indicator
LED
Indicator Title
Description
On-Line
The UPS is supplying utility power to the connected equipment
(see Troubleshooting).
AVR Trim
The UPS is compensating for a high utility voltage (see Troubleshooting).
AVR Boost
The UPS is compensating for a low utility voltage (see Troubleshooting).
On Battery
The UPS is supplying battery power to the connected equipment.
Overload
The connected equipment is drawing more than the UPS power rating allows
(see Troubleshooting).
Replace Battery/Battery The battery is disconnected or must be replaced (see Troubleshooting).
Disconnected
6
Operation
Diagnostic Utility
Voltage
The UPS has a diagnostic feature that indicates the utility voltage.
The UPS starts a self-test as part of this procedure. The self-test does not
affect the voltage display.
Press and hold the
After a few seconds, this five-LED Battery Charge
indicator on the
right of the display panel will show the utility input voltage.
Refer to the figure on the left for the voltage reading (values are not listed on
the UPS).
The indicator on the UPS shows the voltage is between the displayed value
on the list and the next higher value (see Troubleshooting).
Battery
Charge
Feature
Button
button to view the utility voltage bar graph indicator.
Feature Title
Function
Power On
Press this button to turn on the UPS. Continue reading for additional
capabilities.
Power Off
Press this button to turn off the UPS.
Self-Test
Automatic: The UPS performs a self-test automatically when tuned on, and
every two weeks thereafter (by default). During the self-test, the UPS
briefly operates the connected equipment on battery.
Manual: Press and hold the
self-test.
Cold Start
button for a few seconds to initiate the
When there is no utility power and the UPS is off, the cold start feature will
switch the UPS and connected equipment onto battery power
(see Troubleshooting).
7
User Configurable Items
User Configurable Items
UPS settings
Settings are adjusted through PowerChute software or optional Network Management Card.
Function
8
Factory
Default
User Selectable
Choices
Description
Automatic
Self-Test
Every 14 days
(336 hours)
• Every 7 days
(168 hours)
• On start up only
• No self-test
Set the interval at which the UPS will execute a
self-test.
UPS ID
UPS_IDEN
Up to eight characters
(alphanumeric)
Uniquely identify the UPS (i.e. server name or
location) for network management purposes.
Date of Last
Battery
Replacement
Manufacture
Date
mm/dd/yy
Reset this date when you replace the battery
module.
Minimum Capacity
Before Return from
Shutdown
0 percent
•
•
•
•
Voltage Sensitivity
High sensitivity
High sensitivity
Medium sensitivity
Low sensitivity
The UPS detects and reacts to line voltage
distortions by transferring to battery operation
to protect the connected equipment.
In situations of poor power quality, the UPS
may frequently transfer to battery operation. If
the connected equipment can operate normally
under such conditions, reduce the sensitivity
setting to conserve battery capacity and service
life.
Alarm Delay
Control
Enable
• Enable
• Mute
• Disable
Mute ongoing alarms or disable all alarms
permanently.
Shutdown Delay
90 seconds
•
•
•
•
0%
15%
30%
45%
0s
90 s
180 s
270 s
• 60%
• 75%
• 90%
•
•
•
•
360 s
450 s
540 s
630 s
Specify the percentage to which batteries will
be charged following a low battery shutdown
before powering connected equipment.
Set the interval between the time when the UPS
receives a shutdown command and actual
shutdown.
User Configurable Items
Function
Factory
Default
User Selectable
Choices
Description
Low Battery
Warning
2 minutes
2, 5, 8, 11, 14,
17, 20, 23 minutes
PowerChute software interface provides
automatic, unattended shutdown when
approximately two minutes of battery operated
run time remains.
The low-battery warning beeps are continuous
when two minutes of run time remain.
Change the low battery warning interval setting
to the time that the operating system or system
software requires to safely shut down.
Synchronized
Turn-on Delay
0 seconds
•
•
•
•
Specify the time the UPS will wait after the
return of utility power before start up (to avoid
branch circuit overload).
High Transfer Point
120 V models:
127 VAC
230 V models:
253 VAC
Low Transfer Point
120 V models:
106 VAC
230 V models:
208 VAC
Output Voltage
230 V models
230 VAC
0s
60 s
120 s
180 s
•
•
•
•
240 s
300 s
360 s
420 s
• 127 VAC
• 130 VAC
• 133 VAC
• 136 VAC
• 253 VAC
• 257 VAC
• 261 VAC
• 265 VAC
• 97 VAC
• 100 VAC
• 103 VAC
• 106 VAC
• 196 VAC
• 200 VAC
• 204 VAC
• 208 VAC
• 220 VAC
• 230 VAC
• 240 VAC
To avoid unnecessary use of the battery where
utility voltage is chronically high, set the high
transfer point higher if the connected
equipment can tolerate this condition.
To avoid unnecessary use of the battery where
utility voltage is chronically low, set the low
transfer point lower if the connected equipment
can tolerate this condition.
The 1609-U500E ships ready for 230 V
sources. When operating the UPS in 208 V
applications, the UPS low transfer voltage
settings are adjusted through PowerChute
software or the Network Management Card.
The proper setting for low transfer voltage is
196 V.
Refer to the PowerChute user guide or the
Network Management Card instructions for
setting adjustment details.
230 V models only: Sets the output voltage of
the UPS while operating on battery.
9
Storage, Maintenance, Transport
Storage, Maintenance, Transport
Storage
Store the UPS covered in a cool, dry location with the batteries fully charged.
At 5° to 86° F (–15° to 30° C), charge the UPS battery every six months.
At 86° to 113° F (30° to 45° C), charge the UPS battery every three months.
Replacing the Battery Module
This UPS has an easy-to-replace, hot-swappable battery module. Replacement is a safe procedure, isolated
from electrical hazards. You may leave the UPS and connected equipment on during the replacement
procedure.
Ensure battery replacement every 2-4 years.
Standard (40C) battery; Allen-Bradley catalog number: 1609-500SBAT.
High Temperature (50C) battery; Allen-Bradley catalog number: 1609-500HBAT.
Once the batteries are disconnected the connected equipment is not protected from power outages.
Refer to the appropriate replacement battery installation guide for battery module installation instructions. See
your dealer or contact Rockwell Automation at 440-646-5800 for information on replacement battery modules.
Be sure to deliver the spent battery(s) to a recycling facility or ship it to the address specified
in the replacement battery literature.
10
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Use this chart to solve minor installation and operation problems. Refer to Rockwell Automation Tech Support
at 440-646-5800 for further support.
Problem and/or Possible Cause
Solution
UPS will not turn on
The battery is not connected properly.
button not pushed.
The UPS is not connected to utility
power supply.
Check that the battery connector is fully engaged.
Press the
button once to power-up the UPS and connected equipment.
Check that the UPS is properly connected to utility power.
UPS will not turn off
The UPS is experiencing an internal
fault
Do not attempt to use the UPS. Unplug the UPS and have it serviced
immediately.
UPS beeps occasionally
Normal UPS operation when running
on battery.
None: The UPS is protecting the connected equipment. Press the
button to silence this alarm.
UPS is not providing expected backup time
The UPS battery(s) are weak due to a
recent power outage or battery(s) are
near the end of their service life.
Charge the battery(s). Batteries require recharging after extended outages.
Batteries can wear faster when put into service often or when operated at
elevated temperatures. If the battery(s) are near the end of their service life,
consider replacing the battery(s) even if the replace battery LED is not yet
illuminated.
Left half, Right half, or Center section of front panel is flashing
The UPS is experiencing an internal
fault.
Do not attempt to use the UPS. Unplug the UPS and have it serviced
immediately.
All LEDs are illuminated and the UPS emits a constant beeping
The UPS is experiencing an internal
fault.
Do not attempt to use the UPS. Unplug the UPS and have it serviced
immediately.
Front panel LEDs flash sequentially
The UPS has been shut down remotely
through software or an optional
accessory card.
None: The UPS will restart automatically when utility power returns.
11
Troubleshooting
Problem and/or Possible Cause
Solution
All LEDs are off and the UPS is wired to input utility power
The UPS is shut down or the battery is
discharged from an extended outage.
None: The UPS will restart automatically when utility power is restored and
the battery has a sufficient charge.
The Overload LED is illuminated and the UPS emits a sustained alarm tone
The UPS is overloaded.
The connected equipment exceeds the specified “maximum load” as defined
in Specifications listed on the rating label located on the UPS.
The alarm remains on until the overload is removed. Disconnect nonessential
equipment from the UPS to eliminate the overload condition.
The UPS continues to supply power as long as it is online and the circuit
breaker does not trip; the UPS will not provide power from batteries in the
event of a utility voltage interruption.
The Replace Battery/Battery Disconnected LED is illuminated
The Replace Battery/Battery
Disconnected LED flashes and a short
beep is emitted every two seconds to
indicate the battery is disconnected.
Check that the battery connectors are fully engaged.
Weak battery
Allow the battery to recharge for 24 hours and perform a self-test. If the
problem persists after recharging, replace the battery.
Failure of a battery self-test: Replace
Battery/Battery Disconnected LED
illuminates and the UPS emits short
beeps for one minute. The UPS repeats
the alarm every five hours.
Allow the battery to recharge for 24 hours. Perform the self-test procedure to
confirm the replace battery condition. The alarm stops and the LED clears if
the battery passes the self-test.
If the battery fails again, it must be replaced. The connected equipment is
unaffected.
The input circuit breaker trips
The connected equipment exceeds the
specified “maximum load” as defined
in Specifications listed on the rating
label located on the UPS.
Unplug all nonessential equipment from the UPS.
Reset the circuit breaker.
The AVR Boost or AVR Trim LEDs are illuminated
The system is experiencing very high or
low utility voltage.
12
Have a qualified service personnel check your facility for electrical
problems. If the problem persists, contact the utility company for further
assistance.
Troubleshooting
Problem and/or Possible Cause
Solution
There is no utility power
There is no utility power and the UPS is
off
Use the cold start feature to supply power to the connected equipment from
the UPS battery(s).
Press and hold the
button. The unit will emit two beeps, one short beep
and one long beep. Release the button during the second beep.
UPS operates on battery although line voltage exists
The UPS input circuit breaker trips.
Unplug all nonessential equipment from the UPS.
Reset the circuit breaker.
Your system is experiencing very high,
low or distorted line voltage.
Move the UPS to a different outlet on a different circuit: Inexpensive fuel
powered generators may distort the voltage. Test the input voltage with the
utility voltage display, (see Operation). If acceptable to the connected
equipment, reduce the UPS sensitivity.
Battery Charge and Load LEDs flash simultaneously
The UPS has shut down
The internal temperature of the UPS has
exceeded the allowable threshold for
safe operation.
Check that the room temperature is within the specified limits for operation.
Check that the UPS is properly installed, allowing for adequate ventilation.
Allow the UPS to cool down. Restart the UPS. If the problem persists,
contact Rockwell Automation at 440-646-5800.
Diagnostic utility voltage
All five LEDs are illuminated.
The line voltage is extremely high and should be checked by an electrician.
There is no LED illumination.
If the UPS is plugged into a properly functioning utility power outlet, the line
voltage is extremely low and should be checked by an electrician.
On-Line LED
There is no LED illumination.
The UPS is running on battery, or it must be turned on.
The LED is blinking.
The UPS is running an internal self-test.
Software/Network integration problems
Network Management Card difficulties.
Refer to the Network Management Card user guide on the CD shipped with
the Network Management Card.
Communication problems between the
UPS and PowerChute software.
Ensure the correct communication cable (940-1524C) is being used.
Refer to the PowerChute user manual on the CD shipped with the software.
13
Service and Contact Information
Service and Contact Information
Service
If the UPS requires service do not return it to the dealer. Follow these steps:
1. Review the problems discussed in Troubleshooting to eliminate common problems.
2. If the problem persists, contact Rockwell Automation Customer Support.
– If the product is determined to be defective, contact the distributor for typical return procedures.
– Retain the battery and the Network Management Card (when available).
3. Pack the UPS in its original packaging.
– Pack the UPS properly to avoid damage in transit. Never use Styrofoam beads for packaging.
Damage sustained in transit is not covered under warranty.
– Always DISCONNECT THE BATTERY before shipping in compliance with U.S.
Department of Transportation (DOT) and IATA regulations. The battery may remain in the
UPS.
Contact Rockwell Automation
Refer to Rockwell Automation at 440-646-5800.
14
Safety Information - SAVE THIS GUIDE
This Safety Guide contains important instructions that should be followed during installation and maintenance of the
equipment and batteries. It is intended for customers who setup, install, relocate, or maintain equipment.
Changes and modifications to this unit not expressly approved could void the warranty.
Handling Safety
<18 kg (<40 lb)
18–32 kg (40–70 lb)
32–55 kg (70–120 lb)
>55 kg (>120 lb)
>10º
CAUTION! Electrical Safety
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not work alone under hazardous conditions.
High current through conductive materials could cause severe burns.
Check that the power cord(s), plug(s), and sockets are in good condition.
Use qualified service personnel to change the plug on the UPS and to install permanently wired equipment.
When grounding cannot be verified, disconnect the equipment from the utility power outlet before installing or
connecting to other equipment. Reconnect the power cord only after all connections are made.
Do not handle any metallic connector before the power has been disconnected.
Connect the equipment to a three wire utility outlet (two poles plus ground). The receptacle must be connected to
appropriate branch circuit/mains protection (fuse or circuit breaker). Connection to any other type of receptacle may
result in risk of electrical shock.
230V models only: In order to maintain compliance with the Electro Magnetic Compliance directive for products
sold in Europe, output cords attached to the UPS should not exceed 10 meters in length.
230V models only: Total leakage current from connected equipment and the UPS must not exceed 3.5 mA for a
pluggable A Type UPS.
CAUTION! Deenergizing Safety
•
•
If the UPS has an internal energy source (battery), the output may be energized when the unit is not connected to a
utility power outlet.
To deenergize a pluggable UPS, press the OFF button or switch to shut the equipment off. Unplug the UPS from the
utility power outlet. Disconnect the external batteries where applicable and disconnect the internal battery (see User
Manual). Push the ON button to deenergize the capacitors.
To deenergize a permanently wired UPS, press the OFF button or switch to shut the equipment off. Switch off the
utility circuit breaker that supplies power to the UPS. Disconnect the external batteries where applicable and
disconnect the internal battery (see User Manual).
WARNING! Battery Safety
•
•
•
•
•
This equipment contains potentially hazardous voltages. Do not attempt to disassemble the unit. The only
exception is for a UPS containing batteries. Refer to the battery replacement procedures detailed in the User’s
Manual. Except for the battery, the unit contains no user serviceable parts. Repairs are to be performed only by
qualified service personnel.
Do not dispose of batteries in a fire. The batteries may explode.
Do not open or mutilate batteries. They contain an electrolyte that is toxic and harmful to the skin and eyes.
To avoid personal injury due to energy hazard, remove wrist watches and jewelry such as rings when replacing the
batteries. Use tools with insulated handles.
Replace batteries with the same number and type of batteries as originally installed in the equipment.
Replacement and Recycling of Batteries
See your dealer or contact Rockwell Automation at 440-646-5800, for information on replacement battery kits and battery
recycling.
Be sure to deliver the spent battery to a recycling facility in the replacement battery packing
material.