User’s Manual
English
SmartSmart-UPS®
5000VA 5U Rack Mount XL
208VAC/230VAC
Uninterruptible Power Supply
990-1139, 3/02
Introduction
The APC Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) is designed to prevent blackouts, brownouts, sags,
and surges from reaching your computer and other valuable electronic equipment. The UPS filters
small utility line fluctuations and isolates your equipment from large disturbances by internally disconnecting from the utility line. The UPS provides continuous power from its internal battery until
the utility line returns to safe levels or the battery is discharged.
1:
INSTALLATION
Read the Safety Instruction sheet before installing the UPS.
Unpacking
Inspect the UPS upon receipt. Notify the carrier if there is damage.
The packaging is recyclable; save it for reuse or dispose of it properly.
Check the package contents. The package contains the UPS, four battery packs, rail kit, and a literature kit containing cable(s), and product documentation.
The UPS is shipped with the battery disconnected.
Positioning the UPS
The UPS is heavy. Select a location sturdy enough to handle the weight.
Do not operate the UPS where there is excessive dust or the temperature and humidity are outside the
specified limits.
PLACEMENT
0° - 40°C (32°-104°F)
0-95% Relative
2.5 cm (1in)
Humidity
A qualified or licensed electrician must install the UPS.
1
Mounting the UPS in the Rack
Due to the weight of the UPS, two
people are required for mounting.
Battery installation is to follow.
Brackets
Cleats
Hardwire the Electrical Connection (230V Models Only)
Verify that the supply line contains a 25 Amp circuit breaker BEFORE hardwiring the UPS.
Batteries are installed in the UPS upon hardwiring completion. Incorporate an easy access
disconnect device in the fixed wiring design.
Wire Input Plate
Access Door
1.
Select the appropriate wire size and connectors.
For most applications, #10 AWG (5 sq. mm)
wire should be sufficient.
2.
Remove screw and access door.
3.
Slide the wire input plate to the left and remove.
4.
Detach circular knockout and feed the wire cable through this opening. Using a threaded
lock nut, fasten the plate to the cable or conduit connectors.
5.
Connect the wires to the terminal block inside the UPS. Loosen the screw, then feed the
copper wire into the terminal block and tighten the screw. Connect the protective earth
ground to the terminal block at the position marked with the ground symbol ( ). The UPS
wiring color code is:
GREEN for GROUND
WHITE for NEUTRAL
BLACK for HOT
6.
Replace the wire input plate.
7.
Inspect the connections and location of the excess wires before installing the access door.
8.
Replace the access door (removed in step 2).
Installing the Batteries
Step A
Step 1
Step 2
Gray
Connector
Step B
Connectors
inside UPS
A: Plug gray connector on each battery pack into connectors inside the UPS. B: Tuck the white cord, which
serves as a handle for the connector, to the side.
2
Connecting Equipment and Power to the UPS
SMART-UPS REAR PANEL
230 Volt
208V
3.
1.
Connect equipment to the UPS.
2.
Add any optional accessories to the
Smart-Slot. The UPS is shipped
with the APC Network Management card pre-installed. Refer to
the documentation in the literature
kit and/or CD-ROM provided.
208V Models Only: Using a power cord, plug the UPS into a two-pole, three-wire, grounded
receptacle only.
Avoid using extension cords and adaptor plugs.
4.
Turn on all connected equipment. To use the UPS as a master ON/OFF switch, be sure all connected equipment is switched ON. The equipment will not be powered until the UPS is turned
on.
5.
To power up the UPS press the
The UPS charges its battery when it is connected to utility power. The battery charges to
90% capacity during the first three hours of normal operation. Do not expect full battery run
capability during this initial charge period.
•
6.
button on the front panel.
®
For additional computer system security, install PowerChutePlus Smart-UPS monitoring software. It provides automatic shutdown capabilities on most major network operating systems. See
APC website, www.apc.com, for other available accessories.
BASIC CONNECTORS
Serial Port
Power management software and interface kits can be used with the UPS. Use only
interface kits supplied or approved by APC.
Use the APC supplied cable to connect to the Serial Port. DO NOT use a standard serial interface cable since it is incompatible with the UPS connector.
Battery
Connector
See the APC web site, www.apc.com/support for the correct external battery
pack model number for your UPS.
TVSS
Screw
The UPS features a transient voltage surge-suppression (TVSS) screw for connecting the ground lead on surge suppression devices such as telephone and network line
protectors.
When connecting grounding cable, disconnect the unit from the utility power outlet.
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2:
OPERATION
INDICATORS AND CONTROLS ON THE SMART-UPS
SMART-UPS FRONT PANEL
Power On
Power Off
Load
Online
Battery Charge
The online LED illuminates when the UPS is supplying utility power to the
connected equipment.
AVR Trim
This LED illuminates to indicate the UPS is compensating for a high utility
voltage.
AVR Boost
This LED illuminates to indicate the UPS is compensating for a low utility
voltage.
On Battery
When the on battery power LED is illuminated the UPS is supplying battery
power to the connected equipment.
Overload
The LED illuminates and the UPS emits a sustained alarm tone when an overload condition occurs.
Replace Battery
Failure of a battery self-test causes the UPS to emit short beeps for one minute
and the replace battery LED illuminates. Refer to Troubleshooting in this manual.
Battery
Disconnected
The replace battery LED flashes and short beep is emitted every two seconds.
4
Automatic SelfTest
The UPS performs a self-test automatically when turned on, and every two
weeks thereafter (by default).
During the self-test, the UPS briefly operates the connected equipment on battery.
illuminates and imIf the UPS fails the self-test, the replace battery LED
mediately returns to online operation. The connected equipment is not affected
by a failed test. Recharge the battery for 24 hours and perform another self-test.
If it fails, the battery must be replaced.
Manual Self-Test
Press and hold the
button for a few seconds to initiate the self-test.
CIRCUIT BREAKERS (208V MODELS ONLY)
Input Circuit Breaker
One 40 Amp input circuit breaker is provided to the right of the
rear connector plug and to the left of the battery pack connector.
Output Circuit Breakers
Two output circuit breakers are provided.
On Battery Operation
The Smart-UPS switches to battery operation automatically if the utility power fails. While running
on battery, an alarm beeps four times every 30 seconds.
Press the
button to silence the UPS alarm (for the current alarm only). If the utility power does
not return, the UPS continues to supply power to the connected equipment until the battery is exhausted.
If PowerChute is not being used you must manually save your files and power down before the UPS
turns off.
DETERMINING ON BATTERY RUN TIME
UPS battery life differs based on usage and environment. It is recommended that the battery/batteries
be changed once every three years. See the APC web site, www.apc.com, for on battery run times.
Optional External Battery Pack(s)
To connect an optional external battery pack(s), refer to the 3U Rack Mount External Battery Pack
User’s Manual.
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3:
USER CONFIGURABLE ITEMS
NOTE: SETTINGS ARE MADE THROUGH SUPPLIED POWERCHUTE SOFTWARE OR OPTIONAL SMART SLOT
ACCESSORY CARDS.
FUNCTION
FACTORY
DEFAULT
USER SELECTABLE
CHOICES
DESCRIPTION
Automatic Self-Test
Every 14 days
(336 hours)
Every 7 days
(168 hours),
On Startup Only, No
Self-Test
This function sets the interval
at which the UPS will execute
a self-test. Refer to your software manual for details.
UPS ID
UPS_IDEN
Up to eight characters to
define the UPS
Use this field to uniquely
identify the UPS, (ie. server
name or location) for network
management purposes.
Date of Last Battery Replacement
Manufacture
Date
Date of Battery Replacement
Reset this date when you
replace the battery module.
mm/dd/yy
Minimum Capacity Before
Return from Shutdown
0 percent
Voltage Sensitivity
The UPS detects and reacts
to line voltage distortions
by transferring to battery
operation to protect the
connected equipment.
Where power quality is
poor, the UPS may frequently transfer to battery
operation. If the connected
equipment can operate
normally under such conditions, reduce the sensitivity
setting to conserve battery
capacity and service life.
15, 50, 90 percent
The UPS will charge its batteries to the specified percentage.
Brightly lit: UPS is set to
high sensitivity (default).
To change the UPS sensitivity, press the voltage sensitiv(rear panel).
ity button
Use a pointed object (such as
a pen) to do so.
Dimly lit: UPS is set to
medium sensitivity.
Off:
Low battery
warning interval is about
eight minutes.
You can change the sensitivity level through PowerChute
software.
Alarm Delay
After Line Fail
5 second delay
30 second delay,
At Low Battery
Condition,
No Alarm
Set alarm delay to avoid
alarms for minor power
glitches.
Shutdown Delay
20 seconds
180, 300, 600 seconds
Sets the interval between the
time when the UPS receives a
shutdown command and actual shutdown.
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NOTE: SETTINGS ARE MADE THROUGH SUPPLIED POWERCHUTE SOFTWARE OR OPTIONAL SMART SLOT
ACCESSORY CARDS.
FUNCTION
Low Battery Warning.
FACTORY
DEFAULT
2 min.
PowerChute interface
software provides automatic, unattended shutdown when approximately
two minutes (by default) of
battery operated run time
remains.
USER SELECTABLE
CHOICES
Brightly lit: Low battery
warning interval is about
two minutes.
Dimly lit: Low battery
warning interval is about
five minutes.
Off: Low battery warning
interval is about seven
minutes.
2 min.
DESCRIPTION
The low battery warning
beeps are continuous when
less than 7 minutes of run
time remain.
To change the warning interval default setting, press the
voltage sensitivity button
while pressing and holding
the
button.
min.
55 min.
7 min.
Synchronized Turn-on
Delay
0 seconds
60, 180, 300 seconds
The UPS will wait the specified time after the return of
utility power before turn-on
(to avoid branch circuit overload).
High Transfer Point
230V models:
253VAC
230V models:
264, 271, 280VAC
208V models:
229VAC
208V models:
234, 239, 224VAC
To avoid unnecessary battery
usage, set the high transfer
point higher if the utility voltage is chronically high and
the connected equipment is
known to work under this
condition.
230V models:
196VAC
230V models:
188, 204, 208VAC
208V models:
177VAC
208V models:
182, 168, 172VAC
Low Transfer Point
7
Set the low transfer point
lower if the utility voltage is
chronically low and the connected equipment can tolerate
this condition.
4:
STORAGE, MAINTENANCE, AND TRANSPORTING
Storage
Store the UPS covered and flat (rack mount orientation) in a cool, dry location, with the batteries
fully charged.
At -15 to +30 °C (+5 to +86 °F), charge the UPS battery every six months.
At +30 to +45 °C (+86 to +113 °F), charge the UPS battery every three months.
Replacing the Battery Module
This UPS has an easy to replace, hot-swappable battery module. Replacement is a safe procedure,
isolated from electrical hazards. You may leave the UPS and connected equipment on for this procedure. See your dealer or contact APC at the web site, www.apc.com/support for information on replacement battery modules.
Once the battery is disconnected, the connected equipment is not protected from
power outages.
Refer to Installing the Batteries, in this manual.
Reverse the instructions for battery removal. Note: Pull the front battery out of the UPS by pulling the clear label, not the white cord.
Be sure to deliver the spent battery to a recycling facility or ship it to APC in the
replacement battery packing material.
REMOVING THE UPS FROM THE RACK
Step B
Step A
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5:
TROUBLESHOOTING
Use the chart below to solve minor Smart-UPS installation and operation problems. Refer to the APC
web site, www.apc.com, for assistance with complex UPS problems.
PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE
CAUSE
SOLUTION
UPS WILL NOT TURN ON
Battery not connected properly.
button not pushed.
Check that the battery connector is fully engaged.
Press the
button once to power the UPS and the connected equipment.
UPS not connected to utility
power supply.
Check that the power cable from the UPS to the utility power supply is securely connected at both ends.
Very low or no utility voltage.
Check the utility power supply to the UPS by plugging in a table lamp. If the light is
very dim, have the utility voltage checked.
UPS WILL NOT TURN OFF
button not pushed.
Internal UPS fault.
Press the
button once to turn the UPS off.
Do not attempt to use the UPS. Unplug the UPS and have it serviced immediately.
UPS BEEPS OCCASIONALLY
Normal UPS operation when
running on battery.
None. The UPS is protecting the connected equipment.
UPS DOES NOT PROVIDE EXPECTED BACKUP TIME
The UPS battery is weak due to a
recent outage or is near the end of
its service life.
Charge the battery. Batteries require recharging after extended outages. They wear
faster when put into service often or when operated at elevated temperatures. If the
battery is near the end of its service life, consider replacing the battery even if the
replace battery LED is not yet lit.
ALL LEDS ARE ILLUMINATED AND THE UPS EMITS A CONSTANT BEEPING
Internal UPS fault.
Do not attempt to use the UPS. Turn the UPS off and have it serviced immediately.
FRONT PANEL LEDS FLASH SEQUENTIALLY
The UPS has been shut down
remotely through software or an
optional accessory card.
None. The UPS will restart automatically when utility power returns.
ALL LEDS ARE OFF AND THE UPS IS PLUGGED INTO A WALL OUTLET
The UPS is shut down and the
battery is discharged from an
extended outage.
None. The UPS will return to normal operation when the power is restored and the
battery has a sufficient charge.
THE SITE WIRING FAULT LED IS ILLUMINATED
The UPS is plugged into an improperly wired utility power outlet.
Wiring faults detected include missing ground, hot-neutral polarity reversal, and overloaded neutral circuit.
Contact a qualified electrician to correct the building wiring.
9
PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE
CAUSE
SOLUTION
THE OVERLOAD LED IS ILLUMINATED AND THE UPS EMITS A SUSTAINED ALARM TONE
The UPS is overloaded.
The connected equipment exceeds the specified “maximum load” as defined in
Specifications at the APC web site, www.apc.com.
The alarm remains on until the overload is removed. Disconnect nonessential equipment from the UPS to eliminate the overload.
The UPS continues to supply power as long as it is online and the circuit breaker
does not trip; the UPS will not provide power from batteries in the event of a utility
voltage interruption.
If a continuous overload occurs while the UPS is on battery, the unit turns off output
in order to protect the UPS from possible damage.
THE REPLACE BATTERY LED IS ILLUMINATED
Replace Battery LED flashes and
short beep is emitted every two
seconds to indicate the battery is
disconnected.
Check that the battery connectors are fully engaged.
Weak battery.
Allow the battery to recharge for 24 hours. Then, perform a self-test. If the problem
persists after recharging, replace the battery.
Failure of a battery self-test.
The UPS emits short beeps for one minute and the replace battery LED illuminates.
The UPS repeats the alarm every five hours. Perform the self-test procedure after the
battery has charged for 24 hours to confirm the replace battery condition. The alarm
stops and the LED clears if the battery passes the self-test.
THE INPUT CIRCUIT BREAKER TRIPS (208V MODELS ONLY)
The toggle handle on the circuit
breaker (located to the right of the
input cable connection) switches
off.
Reduce the load on the UPS by unplugging equipment and resetting the toggle handle to ON.
AVR BOOST OR AVR TRIM LEDS ILLUMINATE
Your system is experiencing excessive periods of low or high voltage.
Have qualified service personnel check your facility for electrical problems. If the
problem continues, contact the utility company for further assistance.
UPS OPERATES ON BATTERY ALTHOUGH NORMAL LINE VOLTAGE EXISTS
UPS input circuit breaker tripped.
Reduce the load on the UPS by unplugging equipment and resetting the circuit
breaker (on the back of UPS) by pressing the plunger in.
Very high, low, or distorted line
voltage. Inexpensive fuel powered
generators can distort the voltage.
Move the UPS to a different outlet on a different circuit. Test the input voltage with
the utility voltage display (see below). If acceptable to the connected equipment,
reduce the UPS sensitivity.
BATTERY CHARGE AND BATTERY LOAD LEDS FLASH SIMULTANEOUSLY
The internal temperature of the UPS
has exceeded the allowable threshold for safe operation.
Check that the room temperature is within the specified limits for operation.
Check that the UPS is properly installed allowing for adequate ventilation.
Allow the UPS to cool down. Restart the UPS. If the problem continues contact
APC at, www.apc.com/supoport.
10
PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE
CAUSE
SOLUTION
DIAGNOSTIC UTILITY VOLTAGE FEATURE
Utility Voltage
The UPS has a diagnostic feature that displays the utility voltage. Plug the UPS
into the normal utility power.
Press and hold the
button to view the utility voltage bar graph display. After
a few seconds the five-LED, Battery Charge,
front panel shows the utility input voltage.
, display on the right of the
Refer to the figure at left for the voltage reading (values are not listed on the
UPS).
The display indicates the voltage is between the displayed value on the list and
the next higher value.
Three LEDs light, indicating utility voltage within the normal range.
If no LEDs are lit and the UPS is plugged into a working utility power outlet, the
line voltage is extremely low.
If all five LEDs are lit, the line voltage is extremely high and should be checked
by an electrician.
The UPS starts a self-test as part of this procedure. The self-test does not affect the voltage display.
Service
If the UPS requires service do not return it to the dealer. Instead, follow these steps:
1. Review the problems discussed in the Troubleshooting section of this manual to eliminate common problems.
2. If the problem persists, contact APC Customer Service through the APC web site, www.apc.com/support.
•
Note the model number of the UPS, the serial number, and the date purchased. If you call APC Customer Service, a
technician will ask you to describe the problem and try to solve it over the phone, if possible. If this is not possible, the
technician will issue a Returned Material Authorization Number (RMA#).
•
If the UPS is under warranty, repairs are free. If not, there is a repair charge.
3. Pack the UPS in its original packaging. If the original packing is not available, refer to the APC web site,
www.apc.com/support, for information about obtaining a new set.
•
Pack the UPS properly to avoid damage in transit. Never use Styrofoam beads for packaging. Damage sustained in transit
is not covered under warranty.
Always DISCONNECT THE BATTERY before shipping in compliance with U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations.
The battery may remain in the UPS; it does not have to be removed.
4. Mark the RMA# on the outside of the package.
5. Return the UPS by insured, prepaid carrier to the address given to you by Customer Service.
Contacting APC
Refer to the information provided at the APC Internet site,
http://www.apc.com/support.
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6:
REGULATORY AND WARRANTY INFORMATION
Regulatory Agency Approvals and Radio Frequency Warnings
208V MODELS
230V MODELS
Declaration of Conformity
Limited Warranty
American Power Conversion (APC) warrants its products to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of two years from
the date of purchase. Its obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing or replacing, at its own sole option, any such defective products. To
obtain service under warranty you must obtain a Returned Material Authorization (RMA) number from customer support. Products must be
returned with transportation charges prepaid and must be accompanied by a brief description of the problem encountered and proof of date and
place of purchase. This warranty does not apply to equipment that has been damaged by accident, negligence, or misapplication or has been
altered or modified in any way. This warranty applies only to the original purchaser who must have properly registered the product within 10
days of purchase.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED HEREIN, AMERICAN POWER CONVERSION MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not permit
limitation or exclusion of implied warranties; therefore, the aforesaid limitation(s) or exclusion(s) may not apply to the purchaser.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED ABOVE, IN NO EVENT WILL APC BE LIABLE FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
SUCH DAMAGE. Specifically, APC is not liable for any costs, such as lost profits or revenue, loss of equipment, loss of use of equipment, loss
of software, loss of data, costs of substitutes, claims by third parties, or otherwise.
Entire contents copyright © 2002 by American Power Conversion Corporation. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without
permission is prohibited.
APC, Smart-UPS, and PowerChute are registered trademarks of American Power Conversion Corporation. All other trademarks are the property
of their respective owners.
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