™
Matrix UPS
Models 3000 and 5000
208/220–240 Vac, 50/60 Hz version
User’s
Manual
Important safety instructions!
Please read this manual!
Veuillez lire ce manuel!
Bitte lesen Sie dieses Anleitungshandbuch!
¡Se ruega leer este manual de instrucciones!
This manual provides safety, installation, and operating instructions to help you get the
fullest performance and service life that the UPS has to offer.
PLEASE SAVE THIS MANUAL ! It includes important instructions for the safe use of
this UPS and for obtaining factory service should the proper operation of the UPS
come into question. Down the road, service or storage issues may arise and require
reference to this manual.
CONSERVER CES INSTRUCTIONS ! Cette notice contient des instructions
importantes concernant la sécurité.
Radio frequency interference
WARNING: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
A digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction
manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this
equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the
user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Shielded cables must be used with this unit to ensure compliance with the
Class A FCC limits.
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions
from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n'emet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les
limites applicables aux appareils numériques de la Class A prescrites dans le
Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicte par le ministère dès Communications du Canada.
Limited Warranty
American Power Conversion (APC) warrants its products to be free from defects in materials and
workmanship for a period of two years from the date of purchase. Its obligation under this
warranty is limited to repairing or replacing, at its own sole option, any such defective products.
To obtain service under warranty you must obtain a Returned Material Authorization (RMA)
number from APC or an APC service center. Products must be returned to APC or an APC
service center with transportation charges prepaid and must be accompanied by a brief description
of the problem encountered and proof of date and place of purchase. This warranty does not
apply to equipment which has been damaged by accident, negligence, or mis-application or has
been altered or modified in any way. This warranty applies only to the original purchaser who
must have properly registered the product within 10 days of purchase.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED HEREIN, AMERICAN POWER CONVERSION MAKES NO WARRANTIES,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not permit limitation or exclusion of implied warranties;
therefore, the aforesaid limitation(s) or exclusion(s) may not apply to the purchaser.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED ABOVE, IN NO EVENT WILL APC BE LIABLE FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. Specifically, APC is
not liable for any costs, such as lost profits or revenue, loss of equipment, loss of use of
equipment, loss of software, loss of data, costs of substitutes, claims by third parties, or otherwise.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights which vary from
state to state.
Life Support Policy
As a general policy, American Power Conversion (APC) does not recommend the use of any of
its products in life support applications where failure or malfunction of the APC product can be
reasonably expected to cause failure of the life support device or to significantly affect its safety
or effectiveness. APC does not recommend the use of any of its products in direct patient care.
APC will not knowingly sell its products for use in such applications unless it receives in writing
assurances satisfactory to APC that (a) the risks of injury or damage have been minimized, (b)
the customer assumes all such risks, and (c) the liability of American Power Conversion is
adequately protected under the circumstances.
Examples of devices considered to be life support devices are neonatal oxygen analyzers, nerve
stimulators (whether used for anesthesia, pain relief, or other purposes), autotransfusion devices,
blood pumps, defibrillators, arrhythmia detectors and alarms, pacemakers, hemodialysis systems,
peritoneal dialysis systems, neonatal ventilator incubators, ventilators for both adults and infants,
anesthesia ventilators, and infusion pumps as well as any other devices designated as “critical”
by the U.S. FDA.
Hospital grade wiring devices and leakage current may be ordered as options on many APC
UPS systems. APC does not claim that units with this modification are certified or listed as
Hospital Grade by APC or any other organization. Therefore these units do not meet the
requirements for use in direct patient care.
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction ............................................................................. 2
2.0 Safety!
Sécurité!
Sicherheit!
¡Seguridad! .............................. 4
3.0 Presentation ............................................................................. 8
Isolation Unit (IU) ................................................................................................................................... 8
Electronics Unit (EU) ........................................................................................................................... 10
Battery Pack ............................................................................................................................................ 12
4.0 Installation ............................................................................. 14
Receiving inspection, Protection strategies, Moving the UPS, Placement ....................... 14
Input voltage requirements ............................................................................................................... 16
Installation procedures ........................................................................................................................ 17
Input hard wiring procedure ............................................................................................................ 18
Input voltage tap selection—208 Vac, 50/60 Hz use only .................................................... 21
Output wiring procedure ................................................................................................................... 22
Module interconnections .................................................................................................................... 24
Emergency Power Off (EPO) interface ......................................................................................... 26
Start-up ...................................................................................................................................................... 27
5.0 Operation .............................................................................. 28
Modes of operation .............................................................................................................................. 2 8
Display and controls operation ....................................................................................................... 30
6.0 UPS Monitoring ...................................................................... 38
Computer Interface port ..................................................................................................................... 39
7.0 Difficulty
Difficulté
Schwierigkeit Dificultad ...................... 40
Troubleshooting Chart ........................................................................................................................ 44
Fault messages ....................................................................................................................................... 45
Replacing the Electronics Unit ......................................................................................................... 46
Replacing or adding Battery Packs ................................................................................................. 47
Obtaining Service .................................................................................................................................. 48
8.0 Storing the UPS ...................................................................... 49
9.0 Specifications.......................................................................... 50
Recharge and Run Times ................................................................................................................... 52
1
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Overview
The UPS is a high-power enhanced line-interactive uninterruptible power source
which provides clean, reliable AC power to computer, data handling, and telecommunications loads. Normally, the UPS operates “on-line” and provides power derived
from the input mains source, continuously regulating the load voltage to compensate
for voltage fluctuations on the mains. A multilevel transformer tap changing circuit
provides this regulation while attaining high levels of on-line efficiency. To adjust the
load voltage, the UPS temporarily operates the load from battery power while an
appropriate transformer tap change is made. If line conditions become unacceptable,
the UPS transfers load power from the mains to the inverter (“on-battery” operation)
synchronously and virtually seamlessly under all conditions. The voltage waveshape
during on-battery operation is a low-distortion sine wave. Resynchronization and
transfer of load power back to the mains is automatic when the line voltage is again
within normal limits.
A complete UPS system consists of three module types: an Electronics Unit (EU)
mounted on top of an Isolation Unit (IU), and Battery Packs, which can be added to
increase on-battery run time. The EU self-connects to the IU when mounted, and
contains the UPS’s microprocessor controls, inverter, battery charger, transfer and tap
changing circuits, remote interfaces, and the user control and display panel. The IU
contains the UPS’s isolation transformer, EMI/RFI filtering and surge-suppression
circuits, bypass circuit, and the mains and load wiring interfaces. The Battery Packs
“daisy chain” from the EU using a heavy duty cable and lockable connector system.
The Battery Packs and the EU communicate over modular-plug cables. Each Battery
Pack contains four high-capacity batteries and microprocessor-controlled electronics
for communications and battery pack monitoring.
Electronics Unit
(EU)
Isolation Unit
(IU)
2
Battery Packs
1.0 Introduction
1.2 Hot swappable modules
The IU is capable of autonomous operation and allows service or upgrade of the
Electronics Unit without interruption of power to the load. In addition, a worn Battery
Pack can be replaced, or new packs can be added, while maintaining power to the
load. In the event of EU failure, functions controlled by the EU are automatically
bypassed and the IU operates autonomously. For servicing, this bypass mode may be
selected manually.
1.3 Emergency Power Off (EPO)
For applications where, for safety reasons, power to all room equipment may be cut
off, the UPS provides a remote Emergency Power Off interface.
1.4 Display
Local UPS user interface is served by a display and control panel containing a back-lit
2×16 character display and three buttons. Using the buttons, menus for displaying
UPS status, UPS control commands, UPS setup, UPS tests and UPS diagnostics are
shown. Critical UPS functions can be password protected. A loud audible alarm warns
of operating modes that could result in the loss of power to the load without user
intervention.
1.5 Remote interfaces
The UPS provides a full RS-232 communications computer interface. When used with
PowerDoctor UPS monitoring software and a serially connected local DOS PC, the
local display and control panel functions are duplicated and power quality events can
be logged. PowerChute plus offers the features of PowerDoctor, and the control of
orderly and unattended network or multi-user computer system shutdown. Also
available for the UPS is the SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) Adapter to
provide load-type independent remote monitoring and management over Ethernet or
Token Ring based LANs or WANs capable of routing IP messages. Using any standard
Network Management System (NMS) and the SNMP Adapter, the UPS is manageable
through a single familiar interface—from across your building or across the world.
3
2.0 Safety!
ENGLISH
CAUTION!
n To reduce the risk of electric shock, disconnect the Uninterruptible
Power Source from the mains before installing computer interface signal cable (when
used). Reconnect the power cord only after all signalling interconnections have been
made.
n Connect the Uninterruptible Power Source to a two-pole, three-wire grounding
mains receptacle. The receptacle must be connected to appropriate branch protection
(fuse or circuit breaker). Connection to any other type of receptacle may result in a
shock hazard and may violate local electrical codes.
n This Uninterruptible Power Source has an internal energy source
(the battery) that cannot be de-energized by the user. The output may be energized
when the unit is not connected to a mains supply.
n To properly deenergize the Uninterruptible Power Source in an emergency, move
the rear panel I/O switch to the O (off) position and disconnect the power cord from
the mains.
n Avoid installing the Uninterruptible Power Source in locations where there is
water or excessive humidity.
n Do not allow water or any foreign object to get inside the Uninterruptible Power
Source. Do not put objects containing liquid on or near the unit.
n To reduce the risk of overheating the Uninterruptible Power Source, avoid
exposing the unit to the direct rays of the sun. Avoid installing the unit near heat
emitting appliances such as a room heater or stove.
4
2.0 Sécurité!
FRANÇAIS
ATTENTION!
n Pour réduire le risque d’électrocution, débranchez la prise principale de la source
d’alimentation permanente (Uninterruptible Power Source), avant d’installer le câble
d’interface allant à l’ordinateur (si utilisé). Ne rebranchez le bloc d’alimentation
qu’après avoir effectué toutes les connections.
n Branchez la source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) dans une prise de courant à
3 dérivations (deux pôles et la terre). Cette prise doit être munie d’une protection
adéquate (fusible ou coupe-circuit). Le branchement dans tout autre genre de prise
pourrait entraîner un risque d’électrocution et peut constituer une infraction à la
réglementation locale concernant les installations électriques.
n Cette source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) est munie d’une source d’énergie
interne (accumulateur) qui ne peut pas être désactivée par l’utilisateur. La prise de
sortie peut donc être sous tension même lorsque l’appareil n’est pas branché.
n En cas d’urgence, pour désactiver correctement la source d’alimentation permanente (UPS), poussez l’interrupteur du panneau arrière sur la position O (Off) et
débranchez le cordon d’alimentation principal.
n Ne pas installer la source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) dans un endroit où il y
a de l’eau ou une humidité excessive.
n Ne pas laisser de l’eau ou tout objet pénétrer dans la source d’alimentation
permanente (UPS). Ne pas placer de récipients contenant un liquide sur cet appareil,
ni à proximité de celui-ci.
n Pour éviter une surchauffe de la source d’alimentation permanente (UPS),
conservez-la à l’abri du soleil. Ne pas installer à proximité d’appareils dégageant de la
chaleur tels que radiateurs ou appareils de chauffage.
5
2.0 Sicherheit!
DEUTSCH
VORSICHT!
n Um die Gefahr eines elektrischen Schlages auf ein Minimum zu reduzieren, die
unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung vom Stromnetz trennen, bevor ggf. ein
Computer-Schnittstellensignalkabel angeschlossen wird. Das Netzkabel erst nach
Herstellung aller Signalverbindungen wieder einstecken.
n Die unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung an eine geerdete zweipolige Dreiphasen-Netzsteckdose anschließen. Die Steckdose muß mit einem geeigneten
Abzweigschutz (Sicherung oder Leistungsschalter) verbunden sein. Der Anschluß der
unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung an einen anderen Steckdosentyp kann zu
Stromschlägen führen und gegen die örtlichen Vorschriften verstoßen.
n Diese unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung besitzt eine interne Energiequelle (Batterie),
die vom Benutzer nicht abgeschaltet werden kann. Der Ausgang kann eingeschaltet
werden, wenn das Gerät nicht an das Stromnetz angeschlossen ist.
n Um die unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung im Notfall ordnungsgemäß abzuschalten, den I/O-Schalter an der Rückseite auf O (Aus) stellen und das Netzkabel aus
der Steckdose ziehen.
n Die unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung nicht an einem Ort aufstellen, an dem
sie mit Wasser oder übermäßig hoher Luftfeuchtigkeit in Berührung kommen könnte.
n Darauf achten, daß weder Wasser noch Fremdkörper in das Innere der unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung eindringen. Keine Objekte, die Flüssigkeit enthalten,
auf oder neben die unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung stellen.
n Um ein Überhitzen der unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung zu verhindern, das Gerät
vor direkter Sonneneinstrahlung fernhalten und nicht in der Nähe von wärmeabstrahlenden
Haushaltsgeräten (z.B. Heizgerät oder Herd) aufstellen.
6
2.0 ¡Seguridad!
ESPAÑOL
¡ATENCION!
n Para reducir el riesgo de descarga eléctrica, desconecte de la red la Fuente de
energía ininterrumpible antes de instalar el cable de señalización de interfaz de la
computadora (si se usa). Vuelva a conectar el conductor flexible de alimentación
solamente una vez efectuadas todas las interconexiones de señalización.
n Conecte la Fuente de energía ininterrumpible a un tomacorriente bipolar y trifilar
con neutro de puesta a tierra. El tomacorriente debe estar conectado a la protección
de derivación apropiada (ya sea un fusible o un disyuntor). La conexión a cualquier
otro tipo de tomacorriente puede constituir peligro de descarga eléctrica y violar los
códigos eléctricos locales.
n Esta Fuente de energía ininterrumpible tiene una fuente de energía interna (la
batería) que no puede ser desactivada por el usuario. La salida puede tener corriente aun cuando la unidad no se encuentre conectada al suministro de red.
n Para desactivar correctamente la Fuente de energía ininterrumpible en una
situación de emergencia, coloque el interruptor I/O del panel posterior en la posición
O (Off–desconectado) y desconecte de la red el conductor flexible de alimentación.
n No instale la Fuente de energía ininterrumpible en lugares donde haya agua o
humedad excesiva.
n No deje que en la Fuente de energía ininterrumpible entre agua ni ningún objeto
extraño. No ponga objetos con líquidos encima de la unidad ni cerca de ella.
n Para reducir el riesgo de sobrecalentamiento, no exponga la unidad a los rayos
directos del sol ni la instale cerca de artefactos que emiten calor, como estufas o
cocinas.
7
3.0 Presentation
3.1 Isolation Unit (IU)
4
5
3
6
6a
2
1
6b
8
7
Rear view of the Isolation Unit
1 Isolation Unit (IU)
The Isolation Unit contains the UPS’s isolation transformer, EMI/RFI and surge
suppression, bypass circuits including an auxiliary power supply, and mains and load
wiring interfaces. The IU is capable of autonomous operation and allows service of
the Electronics Unit without interruption of power to the load.
2 Input circuit breaker (power ON / OFF)
The input circuit breaker controls power to the UPS. It protects the UPS and the
service wiring from extreme overloads.
3 Cooling fan
The fan exhausts air from the IU and operates whenever the input circuit breaker is
ON (I). If the fan fails, the UPS will indicate an alarm condition. Under such conditions, the UPS will remain operating and is capable of delivering full power to the
load.
8
3.0 Presentation
4 EU separating screw
The Electronics Unit separating screw is turned counterclockwise to remove the EU
for service. If this action is taken while the UPS is on-line, the UPS will automatically
transfer to bypass operation. See the Difficulty section of this manual for the proper
EU replacement procedure.
Note: The UPS’s display is blank when the EU separating screw is loosened. Control
of the UPS is regained when the screw is tightened and any control button is
pressed.
5 Wiring inspection cover
When removed, the wiring inspection cover reveals the output wiring connections to
the UPS. It is necessary to inspect the connections during installation as the wires may
move when the power distribution plate is reattached. See the Installation section of
this manual.
6 Power distribution plate
The standard furnished power distribution plate is removable for access to the input
and output wiring terminations, and to the input voltage selection taps. Optional
power distribution plates with wiring devices other than those provided as standard
can be ordered from the factory and installed in the field.
6a IEC 320 C13 receptacles
A total of eight IEC 320 C13 outlets are provided for multiple small loads.
6b IEC 320 C13 receptacle circuit breaker
Each row of quad IEC 320 C13 output receptacles is protected by a 12 Amp circuit
breaker. This protection is necessary because the UPS is capable of delivering more
than the receptacle's maximum current rating.
7 Electrical fittings knockouts
Knockouts appropriate for use with 0.75-in. (19 mm) and 1-in. (25 mm) electrical
cable clamp fittings are provided at the input cable plate, and at the output power
distribution plate.
8 Input cable plate
The input cable plate is removed during the input wiring installation.
9
3.0 Presentation
3.2 Electronics Unit (EU)
4
5
3
6
2
7
8
1
Rear view of the Electronics Unit
Front-panel
controls
(see Sec. 5.2)
1
Electronics Unit (EU)
The Electronics Unit contains the UPS’s microprocessor controls, inverter, battery
charger, transfer and tap changing circuits, remote interfaces, and the user control and
display console. The EU may be separated from the IU for service. See the manual
section entitled Difficulty for instructions on removal of the EU.
2
Cooling fans
The EU cooling fans operate at two speeds depending upon mode of operation. The
fans turn faster when the UPS is heavily loaded while operating on-battery. If either
of the fans fail while operating on-line, the UPS will indicate an alarm condition and
transfer to bypass operation. If either of the fans fail while operating on-battery, the
UPS will immediately indicate an alarm condition. Initially, the UPS will continue to
provide power to the load. However, when heavily loaded the UPS will eventually
shut down in order to prevent the EU from overheating.
10
3.0 Presentation
3
Battery Pack coupler
Battery Packs are connected at this coupler. A coupler clamp is installed over the
coupler opening as furnished from the factory. See the Installation section for
instructions on how to lock mated couplers.
4
Accessory panel
The EU is furnished with an opening that accepts accessories that work with the UPS.
Call your dealer or the factory for information on available accessories.
5
Computer interface port
See the UPS Monitoring section of this manual for information on this interface port.
6
Battery communications jack
The Battery Pack communications cable from the Battery Pack OUTPUT is connected
at this jack.
7
Manual bypass switch
Pressing the manual bypass switch causes the UPS to transfer to the bypass mode of
operation. While in this mode, the load is supplied with power conditioned by the
IU. However, the load will not be protected from mains voltage sags, swells or
blackouts. The EU is removed for service when the UPS is operating in bypass. See
the Operation section of this manual for more details on this mode of operation.
8
Emergency Power Off jack
For applications where, for safety reasons, power to all room equipment must be cut
off, the UPS provides a remote Emergency Power Off interface. A modular 6 position
plug with offset latch fits this jack. See the Installation section of this manual for
instructions on how to connect to the jack.
11
3.0 Presentation
3.3 Battery Pack
4
5
3
2
6
1
7
Rear view
1
Front view
Battery Pack
The Battery Pack contains four series connected nominal 12 Vdc high capacity sealed
lead-acid batteries. Built-in ultra-low power consumption battery pack voltage and
current monitoring electronics report pack status to the UPS. To conserve battery
capacity, the internal electronics are shut down when the battery communications
cable is not connected to the UPS, or when the UPS is not running.
2
INPUT battery communications jack
This input accepts battery status signals from the OUTPUT of another Battery Pack in
the system. No connection is made to this jack in a single Battery Pack system.
3
OUTPUT battery communications jack
The Battery Pack sends status signals to the UPS or to the INPUT of another Battery
Pack (in a multiple Battery Pack system) from this jack.
12
3.0 Presentation
4
Battery Pack panel coupler
Additional Battery Packs are connected to this panel coupler. A coupler clamp is
installed over the coupler opening as furnished from the factory. See the Installation
section of this manual for instructions on how to lock mated couplers.
5
Battery Pack cables
Each Battery Pack cable is made from “welding grade” wire to withstand abrasion or
crimping in rough duty applications.
6
Replace Battery indicator
The Replace Battery indicator is illuminated when the Battery Pack can no longer
sustain a charge due to wear. See the Difficulty section of this manual if the indicator
is lit.
7
In-line Battery Pack coupler
The in-line Battery Pack coupler connects to the UPS or to the panel coupler on
another Battery Pack.
8
Battery communications cable
Each Battery Pack is supplied with a battery communications cable.
8
13
4.0 Installation
4.1 Receiving inspection
Once the UPS has been removed from its shipping container, it should be inspected
for damage that may have occurred while in transit. Immediately notify the carrier
and place of purchase if any damage is found. The packing materials are made from
recyclable materials and should be saved for reuse or disposed of properly.
4.2 Protection Strategies
This UPS provides high performance power line protection to the loads. There are,
however, other potential entry points for damaging surges in information systems.
These include serial ports (RS-232, RS-422, RS-485, etc.), parallel ports, telephone
lines, and network connections. These other entry points must be considered in
developing a comprehensive system protection strategy. Contact your dealer or call
the number on the back cover of this manual for information on a complete set of
related products designed to accomplish total system protection.
Sensitive information systems can be further safeguarded by following these guidelines:
n Verify that all electrical outlets are properly grounded.
n Connect information systems to a different electrical service branch than heavy
motor loads like air conditioners, copiers, refrigerators, and heavy industrial
machinery.
n Plug all power protection and information system equipment into the same
branch where possible.
4.3 Moving the UPS
The UPS is heavy and should be moved to the operating site by hand truck. Two
people are necessary to load the UPS into position on the truck noseplate. Load the
UPS onto the hand truck as shown below. Use hand truck straps to stabilize the load
while moving.
Caution:
Never attempt to lift the
UPS by the Electronics Unit
or by the EU separating
screw!
14
4.0 Installation
4.4 Placement
The UPS may be installed in any protected environment. The location should provide
adequate air flow around the unit, in an atmosphere free from excessive dust. Do not
operate the UPS in an environment where the ambient temperature or humidity is
outside the limits given in the Specifications section of this manual.
15
4.0 Installation
n Warning: Risk of electric shock exists inside the UPS. Input voltage tap selection
and power distribution panel replacement should be performed only by qualified
service personnel.
n Avertissement: Un risque de choc électrique existe à l’intérieur de l’UPS. La
sélection des fils de tension d’entrée et le remplacement du panneau de distribution de
puissance doivent être effectués seulement par du personnel d’entretien et réparations
qualifié.
n War nung: Im Inneren der unterbrechungsfreien Spannungsversorgung besteht die
Gefahr des elektrischen Schlages. Spannungswahl und Austausch der Verteilereinheit
darf nur von qualifiz iertem Servicepersonal durchgeführt werden.
n Adver tencia: Dentro de la Fuente de Poder Ininter rumpible existe el riesgo de una
descar ga eléctrica. Tanto la selección de las conexiones para el voltaje de entrada
como el reemplazo del panel de distribución de potencia deben ser realizados por
personal de servicio calificado.
4.5 Input voltage requirements
4.5.1 208 Vac operation
The UPS may be installed where the nominal single phase voltage is 208 Vac, 50/60
Hz. However, an alternate power distribution plate must be installed as the supplied
receptacles are not appropriate for use with such service. In addition, an input
voltage tap selection must be made for proper operation. Call your dealer or Customer Service for information on available power distribution plates (also called
“PDUs”) for this UPS.
4.5.2 220–240 Vac operation
The UPS may be installed where the nominal single phase voltage is 220, 230, or
240 Vac; 50 or 60 Hz. As supplied, the UPS will deliver a nominal 240 Vac at the
output receptacles with the output frequency and phase automatically synchronized
to the mains. Using the control and display panel, the nominal output voltage may be
set to 220, 225, 230, or 240 Vac.
The UPS may be installed in TN-S, TN-C-S, TN-C, and TT Power Systems. These
Power Systems have a protective function (wire) that is directly earthed.
16
4.0 Installation
4.6 Installation procedures
Note: Except as described below for installing the 3000 VA model with the supplied
mains lead, UPS input power connections must be made by qualified service personnel.
The UPS may be connected to input power with either the included materials or
through a hard wired approach (see section 4.7 below).
The 3000 VA model is equipped with an IEC 320 C20 type input power receptacle, a
mains lead with a CEE7/7 type plug, and a knock out plate for hard wired installation. The 5000 VA model is supplied with an attached 3-conductor mains lead. Hard
wired installation of the 5000 VA model requires removal of the attached mains
lead/strain relief assembly from the input power plate.
n Important!
The cores in the supplied 5000 VA model mains lead are colored in accordance with
the following code:
green and yellow
earth
blue
neutral
brown
live
As the colors of the cores in the attached mains lead may not correspond to the
colored markings that identify your plug terminals, proceed as follows:
The core which is colored green and yellow must be connected to the
terminal in plug marked E or by the earth symbol , or colored green and
yellow.
The core which is colored blue must be connected to the terminal which is
marked with the letter N or colored black.
The core which is colored brown must be connected to the terminal which
is marked with the letter L or colored red.
4.6.1 Required materials
n Input and output electrical cable
Follow the cable sizing recommendations below for a hard wired installation. Plan on
leaving at least 1.0 m (3.3 ft) of slack mains lead so that the UPS can be moved for
maintenance or for the addition of new loads. Output cable is needed only when any
individual load requires more than 10 Amps.
17
4.0 Installation
Strip Length
Cable Size
Model
Minimum
Maximum
3000 VA
4 mm2
12 AWG
10.0 mm2
8 AWG
5000 VA
6.0 mm2
10 AWG
10.0 mm2
8 AWG
Input Cable
Output Cable
12 mm
1/2"
9 mm
3/8"
n Cable clamps
The UPS is not furnished with cable clamps for strain relief. Use only approved
0.75-in. (19-mm) or 1.0-in. (25-mm) fittings.
4.6.2 Required tools
•
Electrician’s pliers
•
Hammer
•
Nail set or punch
•
Flat blade screwdriver
•
No. 2 Phillips screwdriver
4.7 Input hard wiring procedure
4.7.1 Switch off (O) the UPS’s input circuit breaker.
4.7.2 Determine the size of the electrical cable clamp fittings to be used, either
0.75 in. (19 mm) or 1.0 in. (25 mm), and remove the appropriate knockout on the
supplied input cable plate (3000 VA model) or remove the attached mains lead and
strain relief at the rear of the Isolation Unit (5000 VA unit).
To remove a knockout, strike in the area shown with a nail set tool and hammer.
Grasp the edge of the knockout with pliers and twist until the knockout is separated
from the plate.
Caution: The edge of the knockout may be sharp!
18
4.0 Installation
4.7 Input hard wiring procedure (continued)
Example showing removal of 0.75-in. (19-mm) knockout
4.7.3 Remove the input cable plate from the Isolation Unit.
4.7.4 Fasten an appropriately sized and approved cable clamp (not provided) onto
the input cable plate.
4.7.5 If you plan to hardwire output loads to the UPS, remove the knockout on the
power distribution plate now.
4.7.6 Remove all screws that secure the wiring inspection cover and power distribution plate from the rear of the Isolation Unit. Move the power distribution plate aside
gently. Take care not the strain the wires connected to the devices on the plate.
4.7.7 Strip insulation from the mains lead wire ends at the length given in the Cable
Size table.
19
4.0 Installation
4.7 Input hard wiring procedure (continued)
4.7.8 Thread the mains lead through the cable clamp and through the input cable
plate hole in the Isolation Unit. Arrange the cable so that the end is near the input
terminations block.
4.7.9 Put the stripped wire end corresponding to mains Line 1 into the terminations
block terminal marked L1 and tighten the screw.
4.7.10 Put the stripped wire end corresponding to mains Protective Earth into the
terminations block terminal marked with a yellow stripe and
and tighten the
screw.
4.7.11 Insert the stripped wire end for the mains Neutral (or Line 2) into the terminations block terminal marked L2/N and tighten the screw.
4.7.12 Check that there are no loose wire strands and that the terminations block
screws are sufficiently tightened.
4.7.13 Reattach the input cable plate and tighten the cable clamp.
Input terminations
block
L1 (brown core)
JUHHQ DQG \HOORZ FRUH
/
L2/N (blue core)
/1
240 VAC
SELECT
208 VAC
SELECT
I
ON
OFF
0
Input cable
plate
Input cable
Typical input cable installation
20
4.0 Installation
4.8 Input voltage tap selection—208 Vac, 50/60 Hz use only
As furnished, the UPS is configured to operate from a single phase
220–240 Vac, 50/60 Hz source. To operate the UPS from a 208 Vac, 50/60 Hz source,
the UPS must be reconfigured. The steps required for this action are listed below.
Note that regardless of the input voltage tap selected, the UPS’s output will remain in
the 220–240 Vac range unless an alternate power distribution plate is installed.
4.8.1 Turn off (O) the UPS’s input circuit breaker and unplug the input power cord.
4.8.2 Remove the 10-32 x 3/8-in. SEM screw holding the red Input Voltage Select
Wire (see illustration) to the tap bar marked “240 VAC SELECT.”
4.8.3 Move the red Input Voltage Select Wire to the tap bar marked
“208 VAC SELECT” and tighten the screw.
4.8.4 See Section 5.2.6 to check the UPS’s upper transfer to on-battery voltage and to
set the UPSs output voltage reporting to “208 V.”
Input voltage
select wire
(red)
240 VAC
SELECT
/
/
/1
/1
208 VAC
SELECT
220–240 Vac, 50/60 Hz
input configuration
240 VAC
SELECT
208 VAC
SELECT
208 Vac, 50/6 Hz
input configuration
21
4.0 Installation
4.9 Output wiring procedure
As furnished, the UPS provides a total of eight IEC 320 C13 business appliance
receptacles for multiple small loads. To connect to these outlets, use the supplied
output jumper cords. These jumper cords replace the line cords supplied with your
computer equipment.
Jumper cord
Loads requiring more than 10 Amps must be hard wired to the UPS. To install output
wiring to the UPS, follow the below listed procedure.
4.9.1 If the desired power distribution plate knockout has not already been removed,
remove it now. See Section 4.7.2 for instructions on how to remove the knockout.
4.9.2 Fasten an appropriately sized and approved cable clamp (not provided) onto
the power distribution plate.
4.9.3 Strip insulation from the output cable wire ends at the length given in The
Electrical Cable Size table.
4.9.4 Thread the output cable through the cable clamp and through the power
distribution plate hole. Arrange the cable so that the end is near the output terminations block.
4.9.5 Put the stripped wire end corresponding to Protective Earth into the terminations block terminal marked PE and tighten the screw.
22
4.0 Installation
4.9 Output wiring procedure (continued)
4.9.6 Put the stripped wire end corresponding to Neutral into the terminations block
terminal marked N and tighten the screw.
4.9.7 Put the stripped wire end corresponding to Line into the terminations block
terminal marked L and tighten the screw.
4.9.8 Check that there are no loose wire strands and that the terminations block
screws are sufficiently tightened.
4.9.9 Reattach the power distribution plate to the Isolation Unit.
4.9.10 Check that the output wiring terminations are not strained and reattach the
wiring inspection cover.
L N PE
Output
terminations
block
/
1
3(
,
21
2))
Power distribution
plate
Output cable
23
4.0 Installation
4.10 Module interconnections
Follow the instructions listed below to install and lock the battery couplers.
4.10.1 Using a phillips screwdriver, remove the battery coupler clamps from the
Electronics Unit and from all but one Battery Pack.
4.10.2 Turn the battery coupler clamp over and fasten loosely to one side.
4.10.3 Connect the battery couplers as shown in the figure below.
4.10.4 Fasten the other side of the battery coupler clamp to secure couplers.
Note: To reduce the risk of
toppling, do not stack
equipment more than 2
units high.
Remove clamp
Turn clamp
Mate couplers
Typical installation showing mated battery couplers.
24
Secure clamp
4.0 Installation
4.10 Module interconnections (continued)
Follow the instructions below to install the battery communications cables.
4.10.5 Mate the battery cable plugs in the fashion illustrated below.
4.10.6 Each cable must connect between a Battery Pack OUTPUT and either the
UPS’s BATT COMM input, or another Battery Pack INPUT.
TO: UPS BATT COM, or
TO: Battery Pack INPUT
FROM: Battery Pack OUTPUT
(multiple Battery Pack systems)
Typical installation showing mated battery communications cables.
25
4.0 Installation
4.11 Emergency Power Off (EPO) interface
The UPS may be switched off by a remotely operated Emergency Power Off control.
Such a configuration is common in computer rooms and laboratories where, for safety
reasons, power to the loads must be disconnected. The EPO interface is a six-position
modular jack with an offset latch. Connection to a remotely located EPO switch may
be accomplished as shown below.
Caution: The EPO interface is a Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV) circuit and may be
connected only to other SELV circuits.
Attention: L'interface de mise hors tension d'ur gence est un circuit de sécurité à très
basse tension qui ne peut être connecté qu'à d'autres circuits de sécurité à très basse
tension.
Beachte: Die Schnittstelle für die Notabschaltung ist eine SchutzkleinspannungsSchaltung (SELV = safety extra low voltage circuit) und darf nur an andere
Kleinspannungs-Schaltungen
angeschlossen
werden.
Precaución: La interfaz de Parada de Emer gencia es un circuito de seguridad de
extra bajo voltaje, y puede conectarse únicamente a otros circuitos de seguridad de
extra bajo voltaje.
Caution: The EPO interface is designed to monitor circuits that have no determined
voltage potential. Such "closure circuits” may be provided by a switch or relay properly
isolated from the mains. Connection of the EPO interface to any circuit other than a
closure type circuit may cause damage to the Electronics Unit.
offset latch plug
offset latch
jack
pin 6
Amp p/n 555237 (flat cable)
Amp p/n 555238 (round cable)
or equivalent
1, 2, 3, 4 or 6
NO
pin 1
5
Normally Open
EPO Switch
26
4.0 Installation
4.12 Start-up
To start the UPS, follow the instructions listed below.
4.12.1 If a UPS monitoring signal cable is to be installed, connect
it to the Electronic Unit’s Computer Interface Port. For more
details on the Computer Interface port, see the UPS Monitoring
section.
4.12.2 Plug all loads to be protected into the UPS. Do
not exceed the UPS’s maximum capacity as listed in the
Specifications section of this manual. The total load
capacity is continuously monitored by the UPS and is
displayed once the UPS is switched on.
4.12.3 Connect power to the UPS by switching on the
service branch protection circuit breaker.
4.12.4 Power the UPS by switching On the input circuit
breaker.
UPS
Loads
Note: The UPS may make a “bump” noise when first switched
on. This is normal. The UPS will not make this sound
again.
Note: If the input circuit breaker is rapidly switched
On-Off-On, the UPS may operate in the bypass mode.
Follow the display prompts to return to normal on-line
operation.
4.12.5 The UPS should display its status as “OnLine.” When first turned on, the UPS
may adjust the on-line output voltage. Soft “clicking” sounds may be heard when this
is accomplished. This is normal.
Note: See the Difficulty section of this manual if the UPS displays
a fault message.
4.12.8 Switch on the protected loads and check the UPS’s display. Total load capacity
is displayed as a percentage of the UPS’s full rated capacity. It should read below
100%. If above 100%, the UPS will indicate an overload.
4.12.9 If desired, set the UPS’s output voltage—see Section 5.2.6.
27
5.0 Operation
5.1 Modes of operation
The UPS operates in one of five modes—sleep, standby, on-line, on-battery, and
bypass-depending upon the condition of the UPS, the batteries, the loads, and the
input mains voltage.
5.1.1 Sleep mode
In sleep mode, the UPS’s display is inactive and no voltage is present at the output.
The UPS is put to sleep manually when commanded “Off ” by the user. The UPS
automatically enters sleep mode after 5 minutes with no commands given while in
standby mode (see following section). After 5 minutes, the UPS enters sleep mode
from on-battery mode when shut down because of battery exhaustion or overload, to
conserve battery capacity. Press any front-panel button to “awaken” the UPS.
Some versions of PowerChute plus allow remote users to put the UPS to sleep and
awaken it after a set interval.
5.1.2 Standby mode
While in standby mode, the UPS’s display and control interface is active, but no
voltage is present at the output. The UPS enters standby mode when first “awakened”
from sleep mode.
5.1.3 On-line mode
Once commanded to power the loads, the UPS is normally in on-line mode. While in
this mode the UPS delivers power derived from the mains to the loads, maintains
proper battery charge, regulates the output voltage to within a narrow band, and
isolates the load from surges and electrical noise brought by the service wiring. A
multilevel transformer tap changing circuit provides this regulation and isolation while
maintaining extremely high efficiency. When adjusting the load voltage, the UPS
temporarily operates the load from battery power while it makes an appropriate
transformer tap change. Remote on-battery signaling is disabled during a tap change.
The UPS’s display indicates the percent of rated load applied at the output when
operating on-line.
5.1.4 On-battery mode
When in on-battery mode, the UPS supplies load power derived by the UPS’s inverter
from the Battery Packs. The voltage waveshape delivered in on-battery mode is a
low-distortion sine wave. While on-battery, the UPS regulates the output voltage and
frequency to within a narrow band. The UPS operates in on-battery mode during the
user-defeatable start-up or scheduled battery tests. The UPS operates on-battery when
the line voltage or frequency has fallen outside the limits given in the Specifications
section or has become extremely distorted by, for example, noisy adjacent service
branch loads or an overburdened fuel generator source.
28
5.0 Operation
Operation on-battery is limited in duration according to available battery capacity and
load. Local users are alerted to this mode by visual and audible indicators. When onbattery, the UPS displays available run time and emits a sequence of four beeps every
30 seconds. During an extended mains failure, the battery capacity will eventually
become too low to support the load and the UPS will shut down. The UPS alerts the
user to a low battery condition 2, 5, 7, or 10 minutes before shutdown, depending
upon the user setting. The UPS beeps once every second to warn local users of the
low battery condition. The UPS alerts remote users to on-battery operation and low
battery conditions using serial communications or simple signaling from the Computer
Interface port.
5.1.5 Bypass mode
When in bypass mode, the load is supplied power conditioned by the Isolation Unit.
However, the load is not protected from mains voltage sags, swells, or blackouts. The
UPS automatically transfers to bypass mode when a failure occurs in the Electronics
Unit, including blocked fan, battery charger fault, overtemperature, and welded main
relay—see Section 7.2 for a complete list of fault messages. The UPS also automatically transfers to bypass if the EU separating screw is loosened. A manual bypass
switch on the EU is used when maintenance of the EU is required. The UPS must be
returned to on-line operation manually.
Local users are alerted to this mode by visual and audible indicators. When in bypass,
the UPS displays the reason for bypass (fan failure, EU switch actuated, etc.) and
beeps. The UPS alerts remote users to the bypass conditions via serial communications from the Computer Interface port.
5.1.6 Transfer between modes of operation
Transfer of load power to and from all modes of operation occurs synchronously with
the mains voltage phase. See the Specifications section of this manual for transfer time
ratings.
29
5.0 Operation
5.2 Display and controls operation
The UPS is equipped with a 2 ×16 character back lit liquid crystal display (LCD) and
three button keypad user interface. The display is structured with five main menu
screens and a default screen. Each main menu screen allows access to several submenu screens. Using the pushbuttons, the user can scroll through the menus and
access information or control choices for UPS operation, status, diagnostics, set-up
and tests. The main menu and sub-menu selections are described in the following
sections.
5.2.1 Default screens
The UPS’s mode is displayed on the default screen.
Important fault messages are also shown on the default
screen. The UPS shows the default screen
and the main menu screens when the Menu key is
successively pressed. The UPS automatically shows the
default screen if there is no keypad activity for
3 minutes, or if warranted by a mode change or device
failure.
Examples of the most common default screens are shown
at left.
5.2.2 Main menu screens
The UPS shows the main menu screens when any default
screen key is pressed or when the Menu key is successively pressed. The five main menu
screens are shown in order at left.
The main menu screens allow access to screens that
display operational choices or show information on
UPS status, diagnostics, set-up, and tests. Access to the
sub-menu screens is gained by pressing the Scroll key. To
return to the main menu, press the
Menu key.
30
5.0 Operation
5.2.3 UPS Control menu
The UPS Control menu allows the user to access sub-menus that show UPS switch
on/off and bypass in/out operation choices. To avoid accidentally powering or
unpowering the load when a UPS on/off control choice is mistakenly entered, the
UPS will ask the user to confirm the choice.
5.2.4 UPS Status menu
The UPS Status menu allows the user to access sub-menus that show UPS, Battery
Pack, mains, and load parameter values. These parameters are described below.
This screen shows the true rms input line voltage. The
accuracy of this measurement is ±5% of the full scale
value of 285 Vac.
This screen shows the UPS’s true rms line-line output
voltage. The accuracy of this measurement is ±5% of the
full scale value of 285 Vac.
This screen shows the applied load as a percentage of the
UPS's full rated capacity. The accuracy of this measurement is ±4% of the full scale value of 105%.
This screen shows the estimated run time available in
minutes. The indication is based on available battery
capacity and the applied load. The UPS keeps track of
changing battery performance and adjusts the available
run time indicated for weak batteries nearing the end of
their service life.
This screen shows the internal temperature of the
Electronics Unit in degrees Centigrade. The indicated
temperature rises when the UPS is operating on-battery
and when the ambient temperature rises.
This screen shows the available battery capacity as a
percent of the fully charged condition.
31
5.0 Operation
5.2.4 UPS Status menu (continued)
This screen shows the frequency to which the UPS’s
output is synchronized (accuracy is ±1% of the full scale
value of 63 Hz).
This screen shows the number of Battery Packs connected
in the system.
This screen shows the number of bad or worn Battery
Packs connected in the system. To identify the bad Battery
Packs, locate the packs having an illuminated Replace
Battery indicator.
5.2.5 UPS Diagnostics menu
The UPS Diagnostic menu allows the user to access information that may be useful
when troubleshooting the UPS.
This screen shows the UPS’s identity name. The name set
by the factory can be changed to an 8 character alphanumeric name using optional UPS monitoring application
software.
This screen shows the UPS’s serial number set by the
factory.
This screen shows the UPS’s date of manufacture set by
the factory.
This screen shows the date of the last Battery Pack
replacement. It is set to the date of manufacture by the
factory, but can be updated when new Battery Packs are
installed using optional UPS monitoring application
software.
This screen shows the firmware instruction set revision for
the Electronic Unit’s UPS control microprocessor.
32
5.0 Operation
5.2.5 UPS Diagnostics menu (continued)
This screen shows the firmware instruction set revision for
the EU’s display microprocessor.
This screen shows the number of Battery Packs reporting
that their voltage level has reached the proper “float”
voltage.
This screen shows the UPS’s battery voltage. The accuracy
of this measurement is ±5% of the full scale value of
68 Vdc.
This screen shows the cause of the last transfer to onbattery operation. This information is updated each time
the UPS transfers to on-battery.
• If the UPS transferred to on-battery operation because
of a mains voltage notch or spike, the display reports the
cause as “notch/spike.”
• If the UPS transferred to on-battery operation because
of an unacceptable rate of change in the output voltage,
the display reports the cause as “dV/dt.”
• If the UPS transferred to on-battery operation to
maintain proper output voltage regulation in response to
high or low mains voltage, the display reports the cause
as “Hi Line V” or “Lo Line V.”
• If the UPS transferred to on-battery operation to
conduct battery tests, the display reports the cause as “Self
test.”
This screen shows the rms current drawn by the UPS’s
load in Amps. The accuracy of this measurement is ±5% of
the full scale value of 35 Amps.
This screen shows the Volt-Amps drawn by the UPS's load
as a percent of full rated capacity. The accuracy of this
measurement is ±5% of the full scale value of 105%.
33
5.0 Operation
5.2.6 UPS Setup
The UPS Setup menu gives you access to various submenus. Select function choices
with the Select key. Access other submenus and confirm choices by pressing the Ok
key. The submenus are described below. All submenus are shown with the factoryset function choice.
Note: The submenus are subject to change—for the latest changes refer to any
addendum or errata sheets included with this manual.
This screen shows the selected UPS self test mode. The
self test verifies the readiness of the UPS. This test helps
warn you of conditions that could cause unexpectedly
short run times.
“ON”—Self test runs immediately at start-up.
“OFF”—Self test function is disabled.
“7 day”—Self test is run automatically at startup and once
every 7 days.
“14 day”—Self test is run automatically at startup and once
every 14 days thereafter.
This screen shows the mains failure sensitivity setting. The
UPS can be set to automatically adapt to mains service
where extreme voltage distortion or severe rapid voltage
excursions occur. Such conditions may be caused by
inexpensive fuel generators, long branch circuits burdened by heavy cyclic loads, nearby arc welding, or
heavy industry equipment.
“AUTO”—UPS automatically adapts to mains service
quality. Select this to avoid frequent on-battery transfers
which could needlessly exercise the battery, shortening its
life. Normally, the UPS provides voltage regulation within
a narrow band. In response to rapid and frequent mains
voltage fluctuations, the UPS relaxes the regulation. This
relaxed regulation band remains within the bounds
recommended by telecommunications and computer
manufacturers. See the Specifications section for the
regulation ratings.
34
5.0 Operation
5.2.6 UPS Setup (continued)
“High”—UPS remains sensitive to aberrant line voltages.
Load voltage regulation stays within the narrow band.
“Low” or “Medium”—UPS is less sensitive to aberrant
voltages. Voltage regulation is relaxed.
The voltage at which the UPS transfers to on-battery
operation is adjustable for conditions where high mains
voltage persists and it is known that the loads can
withstand the elevated voltage.
• When configured for 208V service, the transfer voltage
choices are 240V, 244V, 248V and 252V.
• When configured for 240V service, the transfer voltage
choices are 276V, 264V, 253V, 282V.
The minimum interval between activation of the UPS’s
low-battery alarm warnings and UPS shutdown is user
configurable.
• The choices are 2, 5, 7 and 10 minutes.
The UPS may be set to shut down before usable battery
capacity is spent. This conserves battery capacity in the
event of successive outages.
• The choices for the amount of on-battery run time to be
conserved are “NO” (none) and 2, 5, and 8 minutes.
For applications where the UPS is used as a remote power
source or where the UPS frequently transfers to on-battery
operation because of poor service quality, the function of
the audible alarm may be altered so that it will not
become an annoyance.
“All imed”—A sequence of four beeps is sounded
immediately upon transfer to on-battery operation. The
UPS sounds the beep sequence every 30 seconds while
operating on-battery. When low battery conditions are
reached, the alarm changes to a beep once every second.
35
5.0 Operation
5.2.6 UPS Setup (continued)
“30s dely”—The on-battery audible alarm is disabled for
the first 30 seconds of on-battery operation.
“Low Batt”—The audible alarm is disabled during onbattery operation until low-battery conditions are reached.
“Disable”—The audible alarm is disabled during onbattery operation and low-battery conditions.
For computer networks that are unable to issue UPS
shutdown commands during the last part of a shutdown
routine, the UPS provides a settable shutdown delay
interval to allow the network to finish its shutdown
routine.
• Shutdown delay choices are 20, 180, 300, and 600
seconds.
You may set a delay interval for energizing the output
after return of normal mains voltage, or after a scheduled
shutdown. This is useful in applications that require
staggered power up of equipment connected at various
sources.
• Load power delay choices are 0, 60, 180, and 300
seconds.
The user may select the UPS’s nominal output voltage to
values of 220, 225, 230, or 240 Vac.
The UPS’s nominal output voltage can be changed to
208V using optional power distribution plates (also called
“PDUs,” contact your dealer or the factory) regardless of
whether the input is configured for 208V or 240V service.
When an optional PDU is installed, the UPS must be set to
report the correct output voltage. When the “Auto”
function is chosen, the reported nominal output voltage is
scaled according to the input tap selected.
36
5.0 Operation
5.2.7 UPS Tests
The UPS Tests menu allows the user to access submenus that show operation
confirmation functions.
This screen shows the audible alarm test sub-menu. When
the Do key is pressed, the UPS will briefly sound the
audible alarm.
This screen shows the battery test sub-menu. When the
Do key is pressed, the UPS will perform a self test to
determine the readiness of the UPS and the batteries to
operate the load while on-battery. When conducting this
test, the UPS operates on-battery. The UPS does not signal
the on-battery condition at the Computer Interface port
during this test. The display will report “PASS” or “FAIL” at
the end of the test.
This screen shows the battery run time calibration test
sub-menu. To calibrate the UPS’s run time display
following installation, press the Do key. If the calibration
test is not conducted, the UPS provides only a rough
estimate of run time until actual battery “statistics” can be
acquired during an extended mains failure.
When the Do key is pressed, the UPS will perform the test
only if battery capacity is at 100%. The test is completed
and the UPS returns to normal on-line operation when the
batteries are discharged to approximately 25% of their full
capacity. The calibration test can be aborted at any time
during the test.
5.2.8 Password protection
All functions accessed by the UPS Control, UPS Setup and UPS Tests menus may be
password protected to prevent operation of the unit in a fashion not intended by the
UPS manager. The password settings are accessed by optional UPS monitoring
application software.
37
6.0 UPS Monitoring
6.1 Overview
A UPS system provides excellent protection from brief power problems. However,
during an extended power outage an unattended computer system will eventually
shut down from battery capacity exhaustion. To prevent data corruption when the
UPS shuts down, your computer must be informed by the UPS of impending shutdown and take appropriate file-saving measures. This is called “UPS monitoring.” The
UPS’s Computer Interface port allows your UPS to communicate with a computer
system.
Some computer operating systems have built-in UPS monitoring. These systems
require various hardware interfaces. Interface kits for all operating systems that
support UPS monitoring are available from your dealer. In addition, your dealer also
offers PowerChute software which enhances built-in UPS monitoring. Versions of
PowerChute are available to add UPS monitoring to operating systems which do not
provide it.
6.2 Interface Kits
Interface kits are available for operating systems that provide UPS monitoring. Each
kit includes the specific interface cable for converting status signals from the UPS into
signals the operating systems recognize. Each kit includes all necessary installation
instructions. Systems for which interface kits are offered include Novell, LAN Manager, LANtastic, Banyan VINES, and IBM AS/400.
6.3 PowerChute Software
PowerChute software provides complete data protection for most operating systems.
This software is a background process that monitors the UPS through a RS-232 serial
port on the host. PowerChute offers user notification of impending shutdown, power
event logging, auto-restart upon power return, and UPS battery conservation features.
For selected operating systems, PowerChute offers sophisticated power diagnostic and
network power management features. These include interactive battery testing;
scheduled server shutdowns, reboots and battery testing; detailed power quality
logging and a remote, real time, graphic power status display showing UPS loading
and battery conditions. PowerChute is available for many platforms including Novell,
OS/2, AppleShare, XENIX, most UNIX-based operating systems, and DEC VAX/VMS.
Caution:
38
Use only factory supplied or authorized UPS monitoring cables!
6.0 UPS Monitoring
6.4 Computer Interface port
The Computer Interface port is shown below for your reference. Those with technical
abilities wishing to use this port in a special application should be aware of the
following limitations and capabilities of the interface.
n Outputs at pins 3, 5, and 6 are open collector outputs which must be pulled up to
a common referenced supply no greater than +40 Vdc. The transistors are capable of
a maximum noninductive load of 25 mAdc. Use only Pin 4 as the common.
n The output at Pin 2 will generate a LO to HI RS-232 level upon transfer of the
output load to power derived from the UPS’s battery. The pin is normally at a LO RS232 level.
n The UPS will shut down when a HI RS-232 level, sustained for 4.5 sec., is applied
to Pin 1. The UPS responds to this signal, following a delay, only during mains
failures (on-battery operation).
n An unregulated +24 Vdc appears at Pin 8 of the interface port whenever the UPS is
powered. The supply is limited to 40 mAdc maximum.
3
Normally Open
Line Fail Signal
5
Normally Open
Low Battery Signal
6
Normally Closed
Line Fail Signal
Common
4
RS-232 Shut Down
Input
1
RS-232 Line Fail
Output
2
Unregulated
+24 Vdc Output
8
9
HI
4.5 s
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Chassis
39
7.0 Difficulty
ENGLISH
CAUTION!
n This Uninterruptible Power Source contains potentially hazardous voltages. Do not
attempt to disassemble the unit. The unit contains no user serviceable parts. Repairs are
performed only by factory trained service personnel.
n This Uninterruptible Power Source uses batteries. The batteries will eventually become
too weak to provide rated autonomous operation. Due to the potential health and environmental hazards posed by the batteries, they may be replaced only at factory authorized
Service Centers. To obtain battery replacement or repair service, please call the Customer
Service telephone number written on the cover of this manual for information on the Service
Center nearest you.
n The batteries used by this Uninterruptible Power Source are recyclable. Proper
disposal of the batteries is required. The batteries contain lead and pose a hazard to
the environment and human health if not disposed of properly. Please refer to local
codes for proper disposal requirements or return the unit to a factory authorized
Service Center for battery replacement or disposal.
n Battery replacement should be performed or supervised by personnel familiar
with the danger of batteries and the required precautions. Keep unauthorized
personnel away from batteries. When replacing batteries, use the same number and
type of sealed lead acid batteries as were originally contained in your UPS.
n CAUTION—Do not dispose of batteries in a fire. The batteries may explode.
n CAUTION—Do not open or mutilate batteries. They contain an electrolyte which is toxic
and harmful to the skin and eyes.
n CAUTION—A battery can present a risk of electrical shock and high short circuit current.
When replacing batteries, wrist watches and jewelry such as rings should be removed. Use
tools with insulated handles.
40
7.0 Difficulté
FRANÇAIS
ATTENTION!
n Cette source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) contient des circuits haute tension
présentant un danger. Ne jamais essayer de le démonter. Il n’y a aucun composant
qui puisse être réparé par l’utilisateur. Toutes les réparations doivent être effectuées
par du personnel qualifié et agréé par le constructeur.
n Cette source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) contient des accumulateurs. Ces
accumulateurs deviendront un jour trop faibles pour pouvoir assurer un
fonctionnement autonome correct. En raison des risques que posent les
accumulateurs à la santé et à l’environnement, ils ne peuvent être remplacés que dans
les Centres de Service agréés par le fabriquant. Pour toute réparation ou
remplacement des accumulateurs, composez le numéro du Service à la clientèle
inscrit sur la couverture de ce manuel afin d’obtenir les coordonnées du Centre de
Service le plus proche.
n Les accumulateurs contenus dans cette source d’alimentation sont
recyclables. L’elimination des batteries est règlementée. Consulter les codes
locaux à cet effet. Ils contiennent du plomb et représentent donc un risque
pour l’homme et pour l’environnement si les règles de mise au rebut ne sont
pas respectées. Veuillez retournez l’unité à un Centre de Service agréé lorsque
vous désirerez remplacer ou vous débarrasser des accumulateurs usagés.
n ATTENTION—Pour le remplacement, utiliser le même nombre de batteries du
modéle suivant: accumulateur au plomb.
n ATTENTION—Une batterie peut présenter un risque de choc electrique, de
brûlure par transfert d’énergie. Suivre les précautions qui s’imposent.
41
7.0 Schwierigkeit
DEUTSCH
VORSICHT!
n Im Inneren dieser unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung herrschen potentiell
gefährliche Spannungen. Nicht versuchen, das Gerät zu öffnen. Es enthält keine vom
Benutzer reparierbaren Teile. Reparaturen dürfen nur von ausgebildetem
Kundendienstpersonal durchgeführt werden.
n Diese unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung enthält Batterien, die nach einer
bestimmten Zeit so schwach werden, daß der autonome Nennbetrieb nicht mehr
gewährleistet ist. Aufgrund der potentiellen Gesundheits- und Umweltgefahren, die
von den Batterien ausgehen, dürfen sie nur in einem vom Werk autorisierten
Kundendienstzentrum ausgewechselt werden. Wenn die Batterien ausgewechselt
werden müssen oder Reparaturen fällig sind, die auf der Umschlagseite dieser
Gebrauchsanweisung angegebene Kundendienst-Telefonnummer anrufen. Dort teilt
man Ihnen mit, welches Kundendienstzentrum für Sie zuständig ist.
n Die Batterien in dieser unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung sind
wiederverwertbar. Sie sind bleihaltig und stellen eine Gefahr für die Umwelt
und die Gesundheit dar, wenn sie nicht ordnungsgemäß entsorgt werden. Das
Gerät an ein vom Werk autorisiertes Kundendienstzentrum einsenden, um die
Batterien auswechseln oder entsorgen zu lassen.
42
7.0 Dificultad
ESPAÑOL
¡ATENCION!
n Esta Fuente de energía ininterrumpible contiene niveles de voltaje peligrosos en
potencia. No intente desarmar la unidad, pues no contiene piezas que puedan ser
reparadas por el usuario. Las reparaciones deben efectuarse únicamente por parte del
personal de mantenimiento capacitado en la fábrica.
n Esta Fuente de energía ininterrumpible contiene baterías. Con el tiempo las
baterías se gastan demasiado para poder sustentar el funcionamiento autónomo a la
capacidad nominal. Debido a que presentan un peligro potencial para la salud y el
medio ambiente, las baterías pueden reemplazarse únicamente en los Centros de
Servicio autorizados por la fábrica. Para solicitar el reemplazo de baterías o servicio
de reparaciones, se ruega llamar al número telefónico de Atención a los Clientes
indicado en la tapa de este manual y averiguar el Centro de Servicio más cercano.
n Las baterías que se encuentran en esta Fuente de energía ininterrumpible
son reciclables. Las baterías contienen plomo y constituyen un peligro para el
medio ambiente y para la salud de las personas si no se las desechan como
corresponde. Se ruega devolver la unidad a un Centro de Servicio autorizado
por la fábrica para el reemplazo o la eliminación de las baterías.
43
7.0 Difficulty
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44
7.0 Difficulty
7.2 Fault messages
The UPS displays one of the following screens when it detects an internal fault. See
Section 7.5 which covers obtaining service.
7.2.1 Replace Electronics Unit (EU)
A DC imbalance fault results in bypass operation—load
power is lost during a mains failure.
Overheating of the EU results in bypass operation—load
power is lost during a mains failure.
Failure of either EU fan while operating on-battery may
cause overheating within the EU. Overheating while onbattery will result in the loss of load
power. Failure of either fan while operating on-line will
result in bypass operation—load power may be lost
during a mains failure.
A battery charger fault results in bypass operation—load
power is lost during a mains failure.
A main relay fault results in loss of load power. Remove
the EU to resume load power in bypass mode—load
power is lost during a mains failure.
7.2.2 UPS requires service
The UPS may remain operating when this IU fan fault
message is encountered. Schedule UPS service when
convenient.
Do not attempt manual bypass operation when this fault
message is encountered as load power will be lost.
Schedule UPS service when convenient.
If the input voltage tap configuration has been changed, a
qualified technician should reinspect the connections—see
Section 4.8. An output voltage select fault results in bypass
operation—load power is lost during a mains failure.
A bypass relay fault will result in permanent bypass
operation—load power is lost during a mains failure.
45
7.0 Difficulty
7.3 Replacing the Electronics Unit
The UPS allows replacement of a failed Electronics Unit without interruption of
power to the load. The Isolation Unit is capable of autonomous operation and
provides power to the load isolated from EMI/RFI noise and surges.
To replace a failed EU, follow the procedures listed below.
7.3.1 Put the UPS into the bypass mode of operation by actuating the manual bypass
switch at the rear of the EU. Note: Transfers to bypass mode using the manual bypass
switch occur within 10 mS typically. The transfer back from the bypass mode occurs
in 0 mS.
7.3.2 Using a coin or large flat blade screwdriver, unscrew the EU separating screw
and pull back.
7.3.3 Using a phillips screwdriver, loosen the Battery Pack coupler lock at the rear of
the EU and disconnect the pack coupler. Disconnect the Battery Pack communications cable from the jack at the rear of the EU.
7.3.4 If necessary, disconnect cables connected at the Computer Interface port and
the Emergency Power Off interface.
7.3.5 Grasp the EU at the slots shown in the illustration and pull straight up and
away from the IU.
7.3.6 Follow the above procedures in reverse to install the replacement EU. Once the
replacement EU is installed, press any key to regain control of the UPS.
Note: Do not grasp the EU by
the display and control
panel.
46
7.0 Difficulty
7.4 Replacing or adding Battery Packs
You can expect to receive 3 to 6 years of service life from the Battery Packs when
installed in a cool, dry location. The Battery Pack's life is shortened when operated in
an environment where the ambient temperature is normally above 30°C (86°F).
The Electronics Unit will display this message when any
one of the connected Battery Packs requires replacement.
Battery Packs that can no longer sustain a charge are
identified by an illuminated Replace Battery indicator.
Battery Packs can be added or replaced at any time, regardless of mode of operation.
See the procedures listed below to replace a worn Battery Pack.
Caution: If the first Batter y Pack in the string (connected directly the Electronics Unit)
is replaced, the UPS will not be able to support the load in the event of a mains failure
during the time that the batter y string is uncoupled from the EU. Always place the UPS
in bypass when this Batter y Pack is replaced.
7.4.1 Disconnect both INPUT and OUTPUT battery communications cables connected at the worn Battery Pack.
7.4.2 Remove the clamps securing the in-line coupler and panel coupler (if necessary) at the worn Battery Pack.
7.4.3 Unmate the couplers at the worn Battery Pack and return it to the factory for
recycling.
7.4.4 If necessary, remove the panel coupler clamp. Set the new Battery Pack in
place.
7.4.5 Mate the in-line and panel couplers on the new Battery Pack.
7.4.6 Secure the couplers with the coupler clamps.
7.4.7 Plug-in the battery communications cables at the new Battery Pack. See the
illustration in Section 4.10.6.
Note: Always check the number of Batter y Packs reported
by the UPS (UPS Status menu) after adding or replacing
Battery Packs.
Note: If this fault message is encountered, check the
communications cables to, and from each Batter y Pack—
see Section 4.10.6.
47
7.0 Difficulty
7.5 Obtaining Service
The troubleshooting chart in Section 7.1 covers most of the difficulties that a user may
encounter under conditions other than a failure of the UPS itself. For problems not
covered in the chart, or when the UPS’s display shows “call for service,” the procedures outlined below should be followed.
If your UPS should require service:
n See the troubleshooting chart and eliminate the obvious. A tripped UPS circuit
breaker is the most common problem encountered and
is user-resettable once excessive loads are unplugged
from the UPS.
n If the circuit breaker is OK, note your UPS model, serial
number and date of purchase. Contact the Customer Service
Department at the phone number given on the cover of this
booklet.
n Be prepared to provide a description of the problem. A
technician will help you solve the problem over the phone if
possible, or will give you a Return Material Authorization
Number (RMA#).
n If the UPS is within the warranty period, repairs will be performed free of charge.
If it is not within the warranty period, there will be a charge for repair.
n Pack the UPS in its original packaging. If you no longer have the original shipping
materials, ask the technician about obtaining a new set. It is very important that you
pack the UPS properly to avoid damage in transit. Never use styrofoam beads for
packaging a Battery Pack or Electronics Unit because they will settle through beads
and become damaged. Damages sustained in transit are not covered under warranty.
Enclose a letter in the package with your name, RMA#, address, copy of sales receipt,
description of trouble, phone number and check (if necessary).
n Mark your RMA# on the outside of the package. The factory cannot accept any
package without this marking.
n Return your UPS by insured, prepaid carrier to the address on the rear of this
manual.
48
8.0 Storing the UPS
8.1 Storage conditions
The UPS should be covered and stored in a cool dry location. The UPS should be
stored with the Battery Packs in a fully charged state. That is, the reported battery
capacity should be at 100% before the UPS is switched off for storage.
Disconnect any accessories or cables connected to the Computer Interface port—such
devices may unnecessarily drain the batteries.
Disconnect the battery packs from the UPS and each other (if applicable). Store the
battery packs in an upright position.
8.2 Extended storage
To achieve expected run time following extended storage, the UPS should be allowed
to refresh the Battery Packs every 6 months in environments where the ambient
temperature is -15°C to +30°C (5°F to 86°F). For extended storage in environments
where the ambient temperature is +30°C to +45°C (86°F to 113°F), the UPS should be
allowed to refresh the Battery Packs every 3 months.
49
9.0 Specifications
Note: W here different, values for 208 Vac operation are given in brackets [ ].
9.1 Input
Nominal input voltage: single phase 240 Vac [208 Vac].
Nominal input frequency: 50 or 60 Hz.
On-line efficiency at full load: > 93% with fully charged batteries.
Input circuit breaker: 20 Amp (3000VA model), 30 Amp (5000VA model).
Input voltage selection: tap selected.
9.2 Transfer Characteristics
Frequency limits (on-line): 47 to 63 Hz.
Input voltage limits (on-line): –25 to +15% of the nominal input voltage.
Transfer to/from on-battery: 0 ms typical with computer loads, 1.5 ms maximum.
Transfer is synchronous with mains voltage phase.
Transfer to/from bypass: Transfers to and from bypass occur synchronously with
the utility voltage phase. Transfers both to and from bypass mode typically occur in 0
mS.
9.3 Output Characteristics
Maximum load: 3000 VA or 2250 W at 0.75 power factor (3000 VA model); 5000 VA
or 3750 W at 0.75 power factor [4700 VA or 3750 W at 0.8 power factor] (5000VA
model).
Nominal output voltage: 240 Vac; may be user set to 220, 225, or 230 Vac.
On-line voltage regulation: ±5%. User-selected “Auto” or “Low” sensitivity may
relax output voltage regulation to +5%, –12%.
On-line frequency regulation: Synchronized to the mains.
On-battery output voltage regulation: ±5%.
On-battery output frequency regulation: 50 or 60 Hz, ±0.1 Hz unless synchronized to mains frequency during utility brownout.
On-battery output voltage total harmonic distortion: < 5%.
Protection: overcurrent & short circuit protected, latching shutdown on overload.
Output connections: (8) IEC 320 C13 business appliance receptacles.
9.4 Noise and surge isolation
Isolation: galvanic isolation, output neutral bonded to ground.
Normal mode EMI/RFI noise attenuation: 40–60 dB over 100 kHz to 30 MHz.
Common mode EMI/RFI noise attenuation: 40–60 dB over 100 kHz to 30 MHz.
Normal mode let-through: ≤0.7 % of applied ANSI C62.41 Cat. A or B ±6 kV test.
Common mode let-through: ≤1.0 % of applied ANSI C62.41 Cat. A or B ±6 kV test.
50
9.0 Specifications
9.5 Battery Pack
Battery type: spill proof, maintenance free sealed lead-acid.
Nominal battery pack voltage: 48 Vdc.
Typical battery life: 3 to 6 years (depends upon number of discharge cycles and
normal ambient temperature).
Recharge time: see table in Section 9.9.
Max. number of Battery Packs: limited only by desired recharge time.
9.6 Environment
Operating temperature: 0°C to 40°C (32°F to 104°F).
Storage temperature: -15°C to 45°C (5°F to 113°F).
Operating and storage relative humidity: 0 to 95%, non-condensing.
Operating elevation: 0 to 3,000 m (10,000 ft)
Storage elevation: 0 to 15,000 m (50,000 ft)
Electromagnetic immunity: IEC 801-2, 801-3, 801-4, 801-5; severity level III or IV.
Audible noise: < 55 dBA at 1 m (3 ft).
9.7 Physical
UPS dimensions (EU and IU mated): 17.8 H x 13.8 W x 17.8 D in.
(45.2 x 35.1 x 45.2 cm).
Battery pack dimensions: 9.1 H x 6.9 W x 17.8 D in. (23.1 x 17.5 x 45.2 cm).
UPS weight (EU and IU mated): 153 lb (69.4 kg), 191 lb (86.6 kg) for the 3000VA
and 5000VA models, respectively.
Electronics Unit (EU) weight: 40 lb (18.1 kg), 45 lb (20.4 kg) for the 3000VA and
5000VA models, respectively. Add 8 lbs (3.6 kg) for shipping independent of IU.
Battery pack weight: 64 lbs (29.0 kg). Add 5 lbs (2.3 kg) for shipping independent
of UPS.
Total shipping weight—3000VA model: 256 lb (116.1 kg). Includes weight of
packaging, mated EU and IU, cords, and one (1) Battery Pack.
Total shipping weight—5000VA model: 363 lb (164.6 kg). Includes weight of
packaging, mated EU and IU, cords, and two (2) Battery Packs.
Color: beige.
9.8 Approvals
Safety approvals: UL per 1778, CSA per C22.2., TUV per IEC 950
EMC verification: FCC, CDC, EN55022 Class A verified.
51
52
Recharge Time, in Hours
Calculations based on loads with a .75 power factor. Lower power factor loads will yield higher run times.
Run times are typical at 25° C (77° F).
Recharge times to 90% of rated capacity after discharge into 50% of rated load.
Computer
Load (VA)
Number of SmartCells
Typical On-Battery Run Time Versus Load, 3000 VA Matrix-UPS with SmartCells, in Hours
53
Recharge Time, in Hours
The case of one SmartCell does not apply to 5000 VA Matrix-UPS.
Calculations based on loads with a .75 power factor. Lower power factor loads will yield higher run times.
Run times are typical at 25° C (77° F).
Recharge times to 90% of rated capacity after discharge into 50% of rated load.
Computer
Load (VA)
Number of SmartCells
Typical On-Battery Run Time Versus Load, 5000 VA Matrix-UPS with SmartCells, in Hours
54
Recharge Time, in Hours
Calculations based on loads with a .75 power factor. Lower power factor loads will yield higher run times.
Run times are typical at 25° C (77° F).
Recharge times to 90% of rated capacity after discharge into 50% of rated load.
Computer
Load
(VA)
Number of SmartCell XR Battery Packs
Typical On-Battery Time Versus Load, 3000 VA Matrix-UPS with SmartCell XR Battery Packs, in Hours
55
Recharge Time, in Hours
Calculations based on loads with a .75 power factor. Lower power factor loads will yield higher run times.
Run times are typical at 25° C (77° F).
Recharge times to 90% of rated capacity after discharge into 50% of rated load.
Computer
Load
(VA)
Number of SmartCell XR Battery Packs
Typical On-Battery Time Versus Load, 5000 VA Matrix-UPS with SmartCell XR Battery Packs, in Hours
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
Application of Council Directive(s): 89/336/EEC
Standard(s) to which Conformity is Declared: EN55022, EN50082-1
Manufacturer’s Name:
AMERICAN POWER CONVERSION
Manufacturer’s Address: 132 FAIRGROUNDS ROAD
WEST KINGSTON, RI 02892 USA
Importer’s Name:
Importer’s Address:
Type of Equipment: UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SOURCE
Model No.: MATRIX 3000, 5000
Serial Number: P950100001 - P951299999
Year of Manufacture: 1995
I, the undersigned, hereby declare that the equipment specified above
conforms to the above Directives(s).
Place: BILLERICA, MA USA
(Signature)
Date: 1/1/95
Joseph Pomata
(Full name)
Regulatory Compliance Engineer
(Position)
56
Toll free technical support:
Return shipment addresses:
United States and Canada
Ireland
U. K.
American Power Conversion Corporation
132 Fairgrounds Road
P. O. Box 278
West Kingston, Rhode Island 02892
USA
1-800-800-4272
1-800-702000
0800-132990
In areas without toll free numbers, call:
+1 401 789 5735 (USA) or
American Power Conversion Corporation
(A. P. C.) b. v.
Ballybritt Business Park
Galway
Ireland
+353 91 702020 (Ireland)
Please note: Before calling customer service, please have available your UPS’s serial
number (see label at the rear of the unit).
Serial Numbers
UPS: ______________________________
Isolation Unit: ______________________
Electronics Unit: ____________________
SmartCell #__: ______________________
SmartCell #__: ______________________
SmartCell #__: ______________________
SmartCell #__: ______________________
SmartCell #__: ______________________
SmartCell #__: ______________________
SmartCell #__: ______________________
SmartCell #__: ______________________
Entire contents copyright © 1994 American Power Conversion. All rights reserved; reproduction in whole or in part
without permission is prohibited. Matrix UPS, SmartCell, and SNMP Adapter are trademarks of APC. PowerChute and
PowerDoctor are registered trademarks of APC. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
990-7008-B
Revision 2
12/94
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