®
Smart-UPS
Model 400
User’s
Manual
Important safety instructions!
Please read this manual!
Veuillez lire ce manuel!
Bitte lesen Sie dieses Anleitungshandbuch!
¡Se ruega leer este manual de instrucciones!
This manual provides safety, installation, and operating instructions that will help you get the
fullest performance and service life that the UPS has to offer.
Please save this manual! It includes important instructions for the safe use of this UPS, and
for obtaining factory service if necessary. Future service or storage issues may arise and require
reference to this manual.
Conserver ces instructions! Cette notice contient des instructions importantes concernant la
sécurité.
Radio frequency interference
Warning: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates,
uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with
the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If
this equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined
by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by
one or more of the following measures:
• reorient the receiving antenna
• increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver
• connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is needed
• consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Shielded communications interface cables must be used with this product.
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus
set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le present appareil numerique n'emet pas de bruits radioelectriques depassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numeriques de la Class B prescrites dans le Reglement sur le brouillage
radioelectrique edicte par le ministere des Communications du Canada.
Hiermit wird bescheinigt, dass der Smart-UPS 400 Ununterbrechbare Stromversorgungs-Gerät
in Unereinstimmung mit den Bestimmungen der Vfg 1046/1984 funk-entstort ist. Der Deutschen
Bundespost wurde das Inverkehrbringen diese Gerates angezeigt und die Berechtigung zur
Uberprufung der Serie auf Einhaltung der Bestimmungen eingeraumt.
VCCI-1*
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction .................................................................... 3
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
Overview .......................................................................................................... 3
SmartBoost ....................................................................................................... 4
Battery replacement indicators and test ..................................................... 4
Remote interfaces ............................................................................................ 4
Extended capabilities ..................................................................................... 4
2.0 Safety!
Sécurité! Sicherheit!
¡Seguridad! ..................... 5
3.0 Presentation .................................................................... 9
3.1 400VA UPS—front panel ................................................................................ 9
3.2 400VA UPS—rear panel ................................................................................. 9
4.0 Installation .................................................................... 10
4.1 Receiving inspection ..................................................................................... 10
4.2 Placement ....................................................................................................... 10
4.3 Connect UPS to service and enable ............................................................ 11
4.4 Auto-on operation ........................................................................................ 12
4.5 Manual operation.......................................................................................... 14
4.6 Check Site Wiring Fault indicator—100, 120 Vac versions only............ 14
5.0 Operation ...................................................................... 15
5.1 Front-panel indicators .................................................................................. 15
5.2 Test button functions .................................................................................... 16
5.3 Audible alarms .............................................................................................. 18
5.4 Option switches............................................................................................. 19
5.5 Extended capabilities ................................................................................... 21
6.0 UPS Monitoring ............................................................. 25
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
Overview ........................................................................................................ 25
Interface Kits .................................................................................................. 25
PowerChute Software .................................................................................. 25
Computer Interface port .............................................................................. 26
7.0 Difficulty
Difficulté
Schwierigkeit
Dificultad.............. 27
7.1 Troubleshooting ............................................................................................. 31
7.2 Battery replacement check .......................................................................... 34
7.3 Obtaining service .......................................................................................... 35
1
Table of Contents
8.0 Storing the UPS ............................................................. 36
8.1 Storage conditions ........................................................................................ 36
8.2 Extended storage .......................................................................................... 36
9.0 Specifications ................................................................. 37
9.1 Input ................................................................................................................ 37
9.2 Transfer characteristics ................................................................................ 37
9.3 Output characteristics .................................................................................. 37
9.4 Battery and charger ...................................................................................... 38
9.5 Surge and noise suppression ...................................................................... 38
9.6 Operating Environment ............................................................................... 38
9.7 Physical ........................................................................................................... 39
9.8 Approvals ....................................................................................................... 39
9.9 Typical run times versus load ..................................................................... 40
2
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Overview
This equipment is a high-performance, line-interactive, uninterruptible
power source (UPS) designed to provide clean, reliable, AC power to
computer loads. The UPS’s line-interactive circuit topology (see figure
below) offers excellent efficiency, on-line voltage regulation, and fast utility
fault response.
The UPS’s DC-to-AC inverter is always connected to the output and when
operating on-line, part of the inverter circuitry is used “in reverse” to
continuously maintain optimum float charge on the battery. The inverter
also protects the load from surges and EMI/RFI noise as part of an advanced hybrid surge suppression and filtering network.
A unique mode of operation, called SmartBoost, regulates the load voltage
by compensating for brownouts or sags without drawing power from the
UPS’s battery. The UPS continuously monitors the line for utility failure
and prepares the inverter frequency for synchronous transfer of the load.
When a utility voltage failure occurs such as a blackout, severe brownout,
or an overvoltage condition, the UPS transfers the load to battery power.
Transfer to “on-battery” operation typically takes place within 2 milliseconds. The inverter’s output voltage waveshape is a low distortion sine
wave. Resynchronization and transfer back to on-line operation is automatic when the line voltage returns to within normal limits.
¤VF
% pa’F
p›F4›apm
"››F©
"m’OF
§a›4^
^"VamV |mph"d}
+
a’4^"VamV |zp§F O"ad}
h"›
pp’›
¤›z¤›
m¦F›F —
"››F©
^"VF
Line interactive UPS block diagram
3
1.0 Introduction
1.2 SmartBoost
SmartBoost allows continuous, on-line operation during extended brownouts or low line voltage conditions. The UPS compensates for reduced line
voltage by boosting the load voltage to 12% above the input. This enhances
UPS reliability because the battery is saved for complete utility failure.
1.3 Battery replacement indicators and test
The UPS provides visual and audible Replace Battery indications, based on
a load test of the battery. The UPS exercises its battery during a startup selftest, and can detect a weak battery before it is put into service. In longterm, unattended operation the UPS automatically conducts this self test
every 14 days.
1.4 Remote interfaces
The UPS has a remote interface capable of full bidirectional RS-232 communications. The RS-232 port can be used with PowerDoctor UPS monitoring
software on a local DOS PC to log power quality data. PowerChute plus
offers all the features of PowerDoctor, plus the ability to execute orderly
and unattended network or multi-user computer system shutdowns during
an extended power outage.
A Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) adapter is available for
remote load monitoring and management across Ethernet or Token Ring
networks capable of routing IP messages. With a standard Network Management System (NMS) and the SNMP Adapter, you can manage multiple
UPSs with a single interface—from across the building or across the world.
1.5 Extended capabilities
Advanced monitoring, power management, and operation customizing
functions are available through the UPS’s remote interface. Monitored
parameters include available run time, line voltage and frequency, output
power and voltage, battery capacity and voltage, and internal temperature.
Power management functions include scheduled shutdown, power failure
simulation, and remote turn off. User customized functions include the
automatic self-test and low-battery warning intervals; shutdown, turn-off
and turn-on delay intervals; transfer voltage; utility-fault sensitivity; and
audible alarm activation.
4
2.0 Safety!
ENGLISH
Caution!
CAUTION!
■ To reduce the risk of electric shock, disconnect the Uninterruptible
Power Source from the mains before installing computer interface signal
cable (when used). Reconnect the power cord only after all signalling
interconnections have been made.
■ Connect the Uninterruptible Power Source to a two-pole, three-wire
grounding mains receptacle. The receptacle must be connected to
appropriate branch protection (fuse or circuit breaker). Connection to any
other type of receptacle may result in a shock hazard and may violate local
electrical codes.
■ This Uninterruptible Power Source has an internal energy source
(the battery) that cannot be de-energized by the user. The output may be
energized when the unit is not connected to a mains supply.
■ To properly deenergize the Uninterruptible Power Source in an
emergency, move the rear panel I/O switch to the O (off) position and
disconnect the power cord from the mains.
■ Avoid installing the Uninterruptible Power Source in locations where
there is water or excessive humidity.
■ Do not allow water or any foreign object to get inside the
Uninterruptible Power Source. Do not put objects containing liquid on or
near the unit.
■ To reduce the risk of overheating the Uninterruptible Power Source,
avoid exposing the unit to the direct rays of the sun. Avoid installing the
unit near heat emitting appliances such as a room heater or stove.
5
2.0 Sécurité!
FRANÇAIS
Attention!
ATTENTION!
■ Pour réduire le risque d’électrocution, débranchez la prise principale de
la source d’alimentation permanente (Uninterruptible Power Source), avant
d’installer le câble d’interface allant à l’ordinateur (si utilisé). Ne
rebranchez le bloc d’alimentation qu’après avoir effectué toutes les connections.
■ Branchez la source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) dans une prise de
courant à 3 dérivations (deux pôles et la terre). Cette prise doit être munie
d’une protection adéquate (fusible ou coupe-circuit). Le branchement dans
tout autre genre de prise pourrait entraîner un risque d’électrocution et
peut constituer une infraction à la réglementation locale concernant les
installations électriques.
■ Cette source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) est munie d’une source
d’énergie interne (accumulateur) qui ne peut pas être désactivée par
l’utilisateur. La prise de sortie peut donc être sous tension même lorsque
l’appareil n’est pas branché.
■ En cas d’urgence, pour désactiver correctement la source d’alimentation
permanente (UPS), poussez l’interrupteur du panneau arrière sur la
position O (Off) et débranchez le cordon d’alimentation principal.
■ Ne pas installer la source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) dans un
endroit où il y a de l’eau ou une humidité excessive.
■ Ne pas laisser de l’eau ou tout objet pénétrer dans la source
d’alimentation permanente (UPS). Ne pas placer de récipients contenant un
liquide sur cet appareil, ni à proximité de celui-ci.
■ Pour éviter une surchauffe de la source d’alimentation permanente
(UPS), conservez-la à l’abri du soleil. Ne pas installer à proximité
d’appareils dégageant de la chaleur tels que radiateurs ou appareils de
chauffage.
6
2.0 Sicherheit!
DEUTSCH
Vorsicht!
VORSICHT!
■ Um die Gefahr eines elektrischen Schlages auf ein Minimum zu
reduzieren, die unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung vom Stromnetz
trennen, bevor ggf. ein Computer-Schnittstellensignalkabel angeschlossen
wird. Das Netzkabel erst nach Herstellung aller Signalverbindungen
wieder einstecken.
■ Die unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung an eine geerdete zweipolige
Dreiphasen-Netzsteckdose anschließen. Die Steckdose muß mit einem
geeigneten Abzweigschutz (Sicherung oder Leistungsschalter) verbunden
sein. Der Anschluß der unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung an einen
anderen Steckdosentyp kann zu Stromschlägen führen und gegen die
örtlichen Vorschriften verstoßen.
■ Diese unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung besitzt eine interne Energiequelle
(Batterie), die vom Benutzer nicht abgeschaltet werden kann. Der Ausgang kann
eingeschaltet werden, wenn das Gerät nicht an das Stromnetz angeschlossen
ist.
■ Um die unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung im Notfall
ordnungsgemäß abzuschalten, den I/O-Schalter an der Rückseite auf O
(Aus) stellen und das Netzkabel aus der Steckdose ziehen.
■ Die unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung nicht an einem Ort aufstellen,
an dem sie mit Wasser oder übermäßig hoher Luftfeuchtigkeit in
Berührung kommen könnte.
■ Darauf achten, daß weder Wasser noch Fremdkörper in das Innere der
unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung eindringen. Keine Objekte, die
Flüssigkeit enthalten, auf oder neben die unterbrechungsfreie
Stromversorgung stellen.
■ Um ein Überhitzen der unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung zu verhindern,
das Gerät vor direkter Sonneneinstrahlung fernhalten und nicht in der Nähe von
wärmeabstrahlenden Haushaltsgeräten (z.B. Heizgerät oder Herd) aufstellen.
7
2.0 ¡Seguridad!
ESPAÑOL
¡Atencion!
¡ATENCION!
■ Para reducir el riesgo de descarga eléctrica, desconecte de la red la
Fuente de energía ininterrumpible antes de instalar el cable de señalización
de interfaz de la computadora (si se usa). Vuelva a conectar el conductor
flexible de alimentación solamente una vez efectuadas todas las
interconexiones de señalización.
■ Conecte la Fuente de energía ininterrumpible a un tomacorriente bipolar
y trifilar con neutro de puesta a tierra. El tomacorriente debe estar
conectado a la protección de derivación apropiada (ya sea un fusible o un
disyuntor). La conexión a cualquier otro tipo de tomacorriente puede
constituir peligro de descarga eléctrica y violar los códigos eléctricos
locales.
■ Esta Fuente de energía ininterrumpible tiene una fuente de energía
interna (la batería) que no puede ser desactivada por el usuario. La salida
puede tener corriente aun cuando la unidad no se encuentre conectada al
suministro de red.
■ Para desactivar correctamente la Fuente de energía ininterrumpible en
una situación de emergencia, coloque el interruptor I/O del panel posterior
en la posición O (Off–desconectado) y desconecte de la red el conductor
flexible de alimentación.
■ No instale la Fuente de energía ininterrumpible en lugares donde haya
agua o humedad excesiva.
■ No deje que en la Fuente de energía ininterrumpible entre agua ni
ningún objeto extraño. No ponga objetos con líquidos encima de la unidad
ni cerca de ella.
■ Para reducir el riesgo de sobrecalentamiento, no exponga la unidad a
los rayos directos del sol ni la instale cerca de artefactos que emiten calor,
como estufas o cocinas.
8
3.0 Presentation
3.1 400VA UPS—front panel
Front-panel indicators
see Sec. 5.1, 5.2.1, 5.2.2
all versions
3.2 400VA UPS—rear panel
UPS Enable
switch
Option
switches
see Sec. 5.4
Circuit
breaker
IEC 320
power inlet
NEMA 5-15R
receptacles
100 & 120 Vac versions
Site Wiring
Test
Computer
Fault light
button
Interface port
see Sec. 4.6 see Sec. 5.2
see Sec. 6.4
Master
load outlet
Accessory
load outlets
IEC 320 output
couplers
220/230/240 Vac version
9
4.0 Installation
4.1 Receiving inspection
Once you remove the UPS from its shipping container, inspect it for damage that may have occurred while in transit. Immediately notify the carrier
and place of purchase if any damage is found. The packing materials are
made from recyclable materials and should be saved for reuse or disposed
of properly.
4.2 Placement
You may install the UPS in any protected environment. The location should
provide adequate air flow around the unit, in an atmosphere free from
excessive dust.
Note: Allow 1 inch (2.5 cm) minimum clearance on all sides for proper ventilation.
Do not operate the UPS in an environment where the ambient temperature
or humidity is outside the limits given in the Specifications section of this
manual (see Sec. 9.6).
10
4.0 Installation
4.3 Connect UPS to service and enable
4.3.1 Connect UPS to service
■ 100, 120 Vac versions
Plug the UPS into a two-pole, three-wire grounding receptacle only. Avoid
the use of extension cords and adapter plugs.
■ 220/230/240 Vac version
The 220/230/240 Vac version UPS is not furnished with an input line cord.
Instead, two output cords are supplied. However, in most installations you
will not need to purchase a UPS input power cord. Simply swap the line
cords from your equipment with the furnished output cords, and plug in
the UPS using one of the equipment cords.
If your equipment does not have a removable line cord, the provided
rewireable plug may be installed on the line cord. Additional output cords
and adapter plugs are available from your dealer and from the factory.
The UPS may be configured to operate where 240 Vac, 50 Hz service is
provided. When Option Switch 2 is set to the on (down) position, the UPS’s
transfer and on-battery output voltages are adjusted for proper operation
on 240 Vac service (see Sec. 5.4).
11
4.0 Installation
4.3.2 Charge the batteries
The UPS recharges its batteries whenever it is plugged into a working
outlet. Allow the UPS to charge its battery for at least 5 hours before use.
The UPS was shipped from the factory with the batteries fully charged, but
the batteries may lose some charge during shipping and storage. You may
use the UPS without charging, but the Low-battery indicator may light and
backup time may be reduced until the batteries have charged.
4.4 Auto-on operation
The UPS’s Auto-on feature allows you to turn on the UPS and connected
equipment using the power control of any device plugged into the Master
outlet.
For example, if your computer has a conveniently located power control
(on the front panel or keyboard), this switch can turn on the UPS and all
the equipment connected to it. In this case, you would plug the computer
into the Master outlet on the rear of the UPS. You would then plug your
monitor and other peripherals into the accessory outlets (see figure).
Sections 4.4.1 through 4.4.5 detail how to set up your system for Auto-on
operation.
110 & 120 Vac
versions
Plug master on/off device
into the Master outlet
with power switch OFF.
Plug other system devices
into the Accessory outlets
with their power switches ON.
220/230/240 Vac
version
Master
outlet
12
Accessory
outlets
4.0 Installation
4.4.1 Plug in the master device
Plug the device whose switch you want to use to power on the entire
system (such as the computer, or any device with an accessible power
switch) into the UPS’s Master outlet. Make sure this device is turned off.
The equipment plugged into the Master outlet must draw more than
40 Watts.
4.4.2 Plug in the accessory devices
Plug the devices to be powered when the master device is turned on (such
as the monitor, an external drive, CD-ROM, or other devices that require
backup power protection) into the UPS’s Accessory outlets.
Note: Do not plug laser printers into this UPS. Laser printers
can draw a considerable amount of power, which reduces
the available backup time and, in some cases, causes the
UPS to signal an overload.
4.4.3 Configure Option Switch 4 and UPS Enable switch
Set Option Switch 4 on the rear of the UPS to the off (up)
position. Set the UPS Enable switch to the on position ( I ).
4.4.4 Turn on accessories
Set all the power switches of the devices plugged into the Accessory outlets
to their on positions. Note that the UPS and the accessories are not yet
powered.
4.4.5 Turn on the master device
Turn on the device plugged into the Master outlet of the UPS. The entire
system, including the UPS and accessories, will power on too.
The UPS performs a brief self-test of its battery and operation. In normal
operation, the On Line indicator will remain lit after the self test.
Note: If the red Overload indicator lights, the UPS is overloaded. Unplug
equipment that does not require backing up, such as a printer, and restart. If
the Replace Battery indicator lights, recharge the UPS overnight and retest.
Note: If you have problems, refer to Section 7.0 for troubleshooting information.
13
4.0 Installation
4.5 Manual operation
If you do not wish to use the UPS’s Auto-on feature (see Sec. 4.4), first
verify that Option Switch 4 is in the on (down) position. Next, follow the
procedures detailed in Sections 4.5.1 through 4.5.4.
4.5.1 Plug loads into UPS
Plug all equipment to be protected by backup power into the outlets on the
rear of the UPS. Make sure that all of the devices you plug into the UPS’s
outlets are turned on.
Note: Do not plug laser printers into this UPS. Laser printers
can draw a considerable amount of power, which reduces
the available backup time and, in some cases, causes the
UPS to signal an overload.
4.5.1 Enable the UPS
Turn on the rear-panel UPS Enable switch. The entire
system will switch on. The UPS Enable switch can act as
the on/off switch for your UPS and computer system.
The UPS performs a brief self-test of its battery and operation. In normal
operation, the On Line indicator remains lit after the self test.
Note: If the red Overload indicator lights, the UPS is overloaded. Unplug
equipment that does not require backing up, such as a printer, and restart
the UPS. If the Replace Battery indicator lights, recharge the UPS overnight and retest.
Note: If you have problems, refer to Section 7.0 for troubleshooting information.
4.6 Check Site Wiring Fault indicator—100, 120 Vac versions only
After you connect the loads to the UPS and turn on the UPS,
check the Site Wiring Fault indicator on the UPS’s rear panel.
It will light when the UPS is plugged into an improperly
wired wall outlet. Wiring faults detected include missing
ground, hot-neutral polarity reversal, and overloaded neutral circuit.
Note: If the UPS indicates a site wiring fault, a qualified electrician should be
summoned to correct the building wiring.
14
5.0 Operation
5.1 Front-panel indicators
Replace Battery
indicator
see Sec. 5.1.1
Low Battery
indicator
see Sec. 5.1.2
Overload
On Battery
indicator
indicator
see Sec. 5.1.3 see Sec. 5.1.4
On Line
indicator
see Sec. 5.1.5
5.1.1 Replace Battery indicator
The Replace Battery indicator lights when the UPS’s battery fails
the self-test. The indicator turns off after a successful self-test.
5.1.2 Low Battery indicator
The Low Battery indicator lights when less than 2 minutes of
backup power are available from the battery.
5.1.3 Overload indicator
The Overload indicator lights when the load exceeds the UPS’s
rating of 400 VA (250 W).
5.1.4 On Battery indicator
The On Battery indicator lights when the load has been transferred
to UPS battery power, and the utility voltage is not within specified limits.
5.1.5 On Line indicator
The On Line indicator lights when the load is being supplied
conditioned power from the utility service. This indicator blinks
during the self-test.
15
5.0 Operation
5.2 Test button functions
5.2.1 Line Voltage bar graph
When you press and release the rear-panel Test button, the LED front-panel
indicators display a bar graph of the input line voltage connected to the UPS.
UPS version
120 Vac
100 Vac
220/230/240
104
90
210
110
96
221
Input Vac
116
102
232
122
108
245
128
114
257
This example shows the input line voltage is between 116 and 122 Vac (120 Vac
UPS, see table for other versions).
If no indicators light and the UPS is plugged into a known working outlet, the line
voltage is extremely low. Low voltage could be the result of an overloaded branch
circuit, a misadjusted service pole transformer, or an intentional local service
brownout. The UPS compensates for this problem using SmartBoost to increase
the supplied load voltage.
If all five indicators light, the line voltage is high and should be checked by a
qualified electrician.
Note: After approximately 4 seconds, the UPS beeps and replaces the Line Voltage
bar graph with the Output Voltage bar graph display (see Sec. 5.2.2).
16
5.0 Operation
5.2.2 Output Power bar graph
When you press and hold the rear-panel Test button for at least 4 seconds,
the LED indicators on the front panel display a bar graph of the power
being drawn by the load connected to the UPS. The load is shown as a
percentage of the UPS’s rated capacity.
17%
34%
51%
68%
85%
This example shows that the equipment plugged into the UPS is drawing
between 68 and 85 percent of the UPS’s rated capacity. This is a typical load
configuration.
If all five indicators light, the load is drawing close to the UPS’s maximum
capacity! You should thoroughly test your entire system to be sure the UPS
will not become overloaded. A thorough test includes running backup tape
drives, disk drives, etc. If the UPS is overloaded, the Overload indicator
lights and the UPS sounds an alarm.
To avoid an overload, reduce the UPS’s load by unplugging non-critical
components such as printers.
Note: When you release the Test button after viewing the Output Power bar
graph, the UPS performs a self-test. Refer to Section 5.2.3.
5.2.3 UPS self-test
When you press and hold the Test button for at least 4 seconds and then
release it, the UPS performs a self-test. During this test the UPS operates
the load from battery (On Battery indicator lights) for about 4 seconds and
then returns to line power. If the battery cannot support the load during the
test, the UPS immediately returns to on-line operation (the load is not
affected). When the On Battery indicator goes out and the On Line indicator lights, the test is done.
17
5.0 Operation
5.3 Audible alarms
The UPS features an audible alarm that beeps to indicate certain conditions
(see Secs. 5.3.1–5.3.4). Operation of the audible alarm is configurable using
UPS monitoring software (see Sec. 5.5.4).
5.3.1 On-battery alarm
The UPS emits four short beeps every 30 seconds when the UPS is operating on battery power.
5.3.2 Low battery
The UPS beeps steadily to indicate that less than 2 minutes of power
remains before shutdown from battery exhaustion. The low-battery warning interval is configurable (see Sec. 5.5.4).
5.3.3 Replace battery
The UPS emits short beeps for 1 minute if the UPS’s batteries fail the selftest. If the UPS is left operating in this condition, the UPS emits short beeps
once every 5 hours until a successful battery test is completed.
5.3.4 Overload
The UPS emits a loud, sustained tone when overloaded. When the load
exceeds the UPS’s rating during on-line operation, the alarm sounds until
the overload is removed. If the overload occurs during on-battery operation, the alarm sounds until the UPS Enable switch on the rear panel is
turned off.
18
5.0 Operation
5.4 Option switches
The UPS has a set of four DIP switches on the rear panel which allow you
to configure several options (see Secs. 5.4.1–5.4.4).
Note: You can set option switches at any time, and the effect is immediate.
Note: If all of the option switches are set to the on position, the option switches are
disabled. However, the functions controlled by the option switches are still
available using UPS monitoring software (see Sec. 5.5.4).
5.4.1 Option Switch 1
The UPS contains utility fault detection circuitry that is extremely sensitive
to line voltage distortions including spikes, notches, sudden dips, and
swells. The UPS is factory-set to react to such line voltage distortions by
immediately transferring the load to on-battery operation, affording
maximum protection for all load types. Where power quality is poor
because of local cyclic heavy load-switching, or the use of inexpensive fuel
generators, the UPS may frequently transfer to on-battery. If the UPS is
powering loads that operate normally under such conditions, battery
capacity may be spent unnecessarily.
Setting Option Switch 1 to the on (down) position desensitizes the UPS to
rapid low-amplitude line-voltage fluctuations, and increases the UPS’s
upper transfer voltage by 3%, for a total of 13% above the nominal input
voltage. This helps maintain maximum battery capacity for major utility
failures.
19
5.0 Operation
5.4.2 Option Switch 2
Option Switch 2 functions differently for different versions of the UPS.
■ 100 Vac version
No function; not used.
■ 120 Vac version
The UPS’s factory-set input voltage limits for on-line and SmartBoost
operation are centered on the nominal input voltage of 120 Vac (see also
Sec. 9.1). When Option Switch 2 is in the on (down) position, the upper and
lower transfer voltages are lowered by 4% and centered on a nominal input
of 115 Vac. This is useful where nominal input voltage is 110 to 115 Vac.
■ 220/230/240 Vac version
The UPS’s factory-set on-battery output voltage and input voltage limits for
on-line and SmartBoost operation are designed for use in regions where the
nominal line voltage is 220 to 230 Vac. When Option Switch 2 is set to the
on (down) position, the upper and lower transfer voltages are raised by 4%
and centered on a nominal input of 240 Vac. In addition, the on-battery
output voltage is increased to 240 Vac.
5.4.3 Option Switch 3
When Option Switch 3 is set to the on (down) position, the UPS’s audible
alarm is disabled for the first 30 seconds of on-battery operation. This
function is useful where brief power interruptions are frequent and cause
the alarm to become annoying.
5.4.4 Option Switch 4
When Option Switch 4 is set to the on (down) position, the UPS’s Auto-on
mode is disabled, and the UPS must be turned on and off with the rearpanel UPS Enable switch. When Option Switch 4 is set to the off (up)
position, the UPS and the devices plugged into the accessory outlets are
turned on when the device plugged into the master outlet is turned on.
Refer to Section 4.4 for more information about Auto-on operation.
The factory default setting for Switch 4 is down (Auto-on disabled).
20
5.0 Operation
5.5 Extended capabilities
Sections 5.5.1 through 5.5.4 briefly describe the UPS’s extended capabilities—
advanced functions accessed using a computer running optional PowerDoctor or PowerChute plus UPS monitoring software. Refer to the monitoring
software documentation for more information on these functions.
Note: The extended capabilities of the UPS and operation of UPS monitoring
software may be subject to change without notice.
5.5.1 Status reporting
■ General
The UPS reports its electronic serial number, version number, date of
manufacture, and date of last battery replacement.
■ Operating status
The UPS reports its current operating status including on-line, on-battery,
SmartBoost, overloaded output, low battery, shut down, and internal fault.
■ Test results
The UPS reports the results of the last battery test. You may also test the
operation of the UPS’s visual and audible indicators.
5.5.2 Monitoring
■ Run time
When on-battery, the UPS continuously monitors the remaining run time in
minutes. The UPS monitors available run time when operating on-line.
■ Line voltage and frequency
The UPS continuously monitors the rms line voltage and line frequency.
Transients lasting less than 0.5 seconds are not reported. This information
may be logged using UPS monitoring software, plotted using a spreadsheet
application, and used to track power quality over extended periods.
■ Minimum and maximum line voltage
The UPS records the minimum and maximum line voltage to provide a
snapshot of power quality over a user-specified interval. Transients lasting
less than 0.5 seconds are not recorded.
21
5.0 Operation
■ Output power
The UPS continuously monitors the power consumed by the load. The
value given is a percentage of the full load rating of the UPS. This information may be logged using UPS monitoring software, plotted using a spreadsheet application, and used to track load usage over extended periods.
■ Output voltage, internal temperature, battery voltage, battery capacity
The UPS continuously monitors the rms output voltage, internal temperature (°C), battery voltage, and the remaining battery capacity as a percentage of the fully charged condition. This information is valuable for
troubleshooting.
5.5.3 Power management
■ Shut down
While the UPS is operating on-battery, you may direct it to shut down after
a user-specified delay. Controlled shutdown of the UPS conserves battery
capacity and helps to extend battery life.
■ Shut down with delayed restart
You may direct the UPS to shut down in any mode following a userspecified delay, and then restart after a user-specified interval. The restart
delay may be used to stagger the power-up of multiple network servers
protected by multiple UPSs.
■ Simulate power failure
You may direct the UPS to simulate a power failure by briefly operating
on-battery. This function is useful for test purposes.
■ Turn off
You may direct the UPS to turn off immediately, or after a user-specified
delay.
22
5.0 Operation
5.5.4 Operation customizing
You may configure many UPS operations for specific applications. To use
the customizing features of the UPS, you must set all option switches to the
on (down) position. The functions ordinarily controlled by the switches are
duplicated in the UPS monitoring software. Once any of the option
switches are returned to the off (up) position, functionality of the option
switches is restored.
■ Battery test operation
You can set the battery test to run automatically at startup, at startup and
once every 7 days, at startup and once every 14 days, or never. The default
setting is at startup and every 14 days.
■ Transfer voltage
You can configure the UPS’s upper and lower transfer voltages over a wide
range (see Sec. 9.2.)
■ On-battery output voltage (220/230/240 Vac version only)
You may set the UPS’s on-battery output voltage to a nominal 220, 225, 230
or 240 Vac. The default setting is 225 Vac.
■ Utility failure sensitivity
You may configure the UPS’s sensitivity to line-voltage distortions to allow
use of the UPS in different electrical environments. You may choose high,
medium, or low sensitivity settings. The high setting provides the best
protection from all utility voltage distortions. The medium setting is
intended for use where rapid low-amplitude line voltage fluctuations occur
frequently as the result of motor load switching in air conditioners, elevators, etc. The low setting is intended for use when the UPS is operated from
an inexpensive fuel powered generator. The default setting is high.
■ Low battery warning interval
The UPS’s low battery warning may be set to activate 2, 5, 7 or 10 minutes
before shutdown. The default is 2 minutes.
23
5.0 Operation
■ Audible alarm operation
The UPS’s audible alarm beeps four times every 30 seconds during onbattery operation. The alarm beeps continuously when low-battery conditions are reached. This is the default operation. You may configure the
audible alarm operation such that response to utility failure is delayed by
30 seconds, silenced until low-battery conditions are reached, or muted
during both on-battery and low-battery conditions.
■ Minimum battery capacity to restart
You may configure the UPS so that it will not restart upon restoration of the
utility until the battery has been recharged to 90%, 25%, 10%, or 0% of
capacity. This function helps eliminate short run times when repetitive
utility failures occur. The default setting is 0%.
■ Shut down, turn off delay
You may set the UPS’s shutdown or turn-off delay interval to 20, 180, 300,
or 600 seconds. The default setting is 20 seconds. Extension of the delay is
useful when an operating system’s final shutdown routine is longer than
20 seconds.
■ Turn on delay
You may set the UPS’s turn-on delay to 0, 60, 180, or 300 seconds. The
default setting is 0 seconds.
24
6.0 UPS Monitoring
6.1 Overview
A UPS system alone provides excellent protection from brief power problems. During an extended power outage, an unattended computer system
will eventually shut down because of battery capacity exhaustion. To
prevent data corruption when the UPS shuts down, the UPS must inform
the computer of impending shutdown so the computer can take appropriate
file-saving measures. This important function is called “UPS monitoring.”
The UPS’s computer interface port allows it to communicates with the
computer system.
Some computer operating systems have built-in UPS monitoring. These
systems require only a hardware interfaces for the UPS. PowerChute
software is available to enhance built-in UPS monitoring, or to add the UPS
monitoring function to operating systems that do not provide it.
6.2 Interface Kits
Hardware interface kits are available for operating systems that provide
UPS monitoring. Each kit includes a special interface cable to convert status
signals from the UPS into signals the operating system recognizes. Systems
for which interface kits are offered include Novell, LAN Manager, LAN
Server, LANtastic, Banyan VINES, Windows NT, and IBM AS/400.
6.3 PowerChute Software
PowerChute software provides complete data protection for most operating systems. This software is a background process that monitors the UPS
through an RS-232 serial port on the host. PowerChute offers user notification of impending shutdown, power event logging, auto-restart upon
power return, and UPS battery conservation features. For selected operating systems, PowerChute offers sophisticated power diagnostic and
network power management features including interactive battery testing;
scheduled server shutdowns, reboots, and battery testing; detailed power
quality logging; and a remote, real-time, graphic power status display that
show UPS loading and battery conditions. PowerChute is available for
platforms including Novell, OS/2, Windows NT, AppleShare, XENIX, most
UNIX-based operating systems, and DEC VAX/VMS.
Caution: Use only factory supplied or authorized UPS monitoring cables.
25
6.0 UPS Monitoring
6.4 Computer Interface port
The Computer Interface port is diagramed below. Those with technical
abilities wishing to use this port in a special application should be aware of
the following limitations and capabilities of the interface.
■ Outputs at Pins 3, 5, and 6 are open collector outputs which must be
pulled up to a common referenced supply no greater than +40 Vdc. The
transistors are capable of a maximum noninductive load of 25 mAdc. Use
only Pin 4 as the common.
■ The output at Pin 2 generates a low-to-high RS-232 level upon transfer
of the output load to UPS battery power. The pin is normally at a low
RS-232 level.
■ The UPS shuts down when a high RS-232 level is applied to Pin 1 for 4.5
seconds. The UPS responds to this signal, after a delay, only during onbattery operation.
■ An unregulated +24 Vdc appears at Pin 8 of the interface port whenever
the UPS is powered. The supply is limited to 40 mAdc maximum.
26
7.0 Difficulty
ENGLISH
Caution!
CAUTION!
■ This Uninterruptible Power Source contains potentially hazardous voltages.
Do not attempt to disassemble the unit. The unit contains no user serviceable
parts. Repairs are performed only by factory trained service personnel.
■ This Uninterruptible Power Source uses batteries. The batteries will eventually
become too weak to provide rated autonomous operation. Due to the potential
health and environmental hazards posed by the batteries, they may be replaced
only at factory authorized Service Centers. To obtain battery replacement or repair
service, please call the Customer Service telephone number written on the cover of
this manual for information on the Service Center nearest you.
■ The batteries used by this Uninterruptible Power Source are recyclable.
Proper disposal of the batteries is required. The batteries contain lead and pose
a hazard to the environment and human health if not disposed of properly.
Please refer to local codes for proper disposal requirements or return the unit to
a factory authorized Service Center for battery replacement or disposal.
■ Battery replacement should be performed or supervised by personnel
familiar with the danger of batteries and the required precautions. Keep
unauthorized personnel away from batteries. When replacing batteries, use
the same number and type of sealed lead acid batteries as were originally
contained in your UPS.
■ CAUTION—Do not dispose of batteries in a fire. The batteries may explode.
■ CAUTION—Do not open or mutilate batteries. They contain an electrolyte
which is toxic and harmful to the skin and eyes.
■ CAUTION—A battery can present a risk of electrical shock and high short
circuit current. When replacing batteries, wrist watches and jewelry such as rings
should be removed. Use tools with insulated handles.
27
7.0 Difficulté
FRANÇAIS
Attention!
ATTENTION!
■ Cette source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) contient des circuits
haute tension présentant un danger. Ne jamais essayer de le démonter. Il
n’y a aucun composant qui puisse être réparé par l’utilisateur. Toutes les
réparations doivent être effectuées par du personnel qualifié et agréé par le
constructeur.
■ Cette source d’alimentation permanente (UPS) contient des
accumulateurs. Ces accumulateurs deviendront un jour trop faibles pour
pouvoir assurer un fonctionnement autonome correct. En raison des
risques que posent les accumulateurs à la santé et à l’environnement, ils ne
peuvent être remplacés que dans les Centres de Service agréés par le
fabriquant. Pour toute réparation ou remplacement des accumulateurs,
composez le numéro du Service à la clientèle inscrit sur la couverture de ce
manuel afin d’obtenir les coordonnées du Centre de Service le plus proche.
■ Les accumulateurs contenus dans cette source d’alimentation sont
recyclables. L’elimination des batteries est règlementée. Consulter les
codes locaux à cet effet. Ils contiennent du plomb et représentent donc
un risque pour l’homme et pour l’environnement si les règles de mise au
rebut ne sont pas respectées. Veuillez retournez l’unité à un Centre de
Service agréé lorsque vous désirerez remplacer ou vous débarrasser des
accumulateurs usagés.
■ ATTENTION—Pour le remplacement, utiliser le même nombre de
batteries du modéle suivant: accumulateur au plomb.
■ ATTENTION—Une batterie peut présenter un risque de choc
electrique, de brûlure par transfert d’énergie. Suivre les précautions qui
s’imposent.
28
7.0 Schwierigkeit
DEUTSCH
Vorsicht!
VORSICHT!
■ Im Inneren dieser unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung herrschen
potentiell gefährliche Spannungen. Nicht versuchen, das Gerät zu öffnen.
Es enthält keine vom Benutzer reparierbaren Teile. Reparaturen dürfen nur
von ausgebildetem Kundendienstpersonal durchgeführt werden.
■ Diese unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung enthält Batterien, die nach
einer bestimmten Zeit so schwach werden, daß der autonome Nennbetrieb
nicht mehr gewährleistet ist. Aufgrund der potentiellen Gesundheits- und
Umweltgefahren, die von den Batterien ausgehen, dürfen sie nur in einem
vom Werk autorisierten Kundendienstzentrum ausgewechselt werden.
Wenn die Batterien ausgewechselt werden müssen oder Reparaturen fällig
sind, die auf der Umschlagseite dieser Gebrauchsanweisung angegebene
Kundendienst-Telefonnummer anrufen. Dort teilt man Ihnen mit, welches
Kundendienstzentrum für Sie zuständig ist.
■ Die Batterien in dieser unterbrechungsfreien Stromversorgung sind
wiederverwertbar. Sie sind bleihaltig und stellen eine Gefahr für die
Umwelt und die Gesundheit dar, wenn sie nicht ordnungsgemäß
entsorgt werden. Das Gerät an ein vom Werk autorisiertes
Kundendienstzentrum einsenden, um die Batterien auswechseln oder
entsorgen zu lassen.
29
7.0 Dificultad
ESPAÑOL
¡Atencion!
¡ATENCION!
■ Esta Fuente de energía ininterrumpible contiene niveles de voltaje
peligrosos en potencia. No intente desarmar la unidad, pues no contiene
piezas que puedan ser reparadas por el usuario. Las reparaciones deben
efectuarse únicamente por parte del personal de mantenimiento capacitado
en la fábrica.
■ Esta Fuente de energía ininterrumpible contiene baterías. Con el tiempo
las baterías se gastan demasiado para poder sustentar el funcionamiento
autónomo a la capacidad nominal. Debido a que presentan un peligro
potencial para la salud y el medio ambiente, las baterías pueden
reemplazarse únicamente en los Centros de Servicio autorizados por la
fábrica. Para solicitar el reemplazo de baterías o servicio de reparaciones,
se ruega llamar al número telefónico de Atención a los Clientes indicado en
la tapa de este manual y averiguar el Centro de Servicio más cercano.
■ Las baterías que se encuentran en esta Fuente de energía
ininterrumpible son reciclables. Las baterías contienen plomo y
constituyen un peligro para el medio ambiente y para la salud de las
personas si no se las desechan como corresponde. Se ruega devolver la
unidad a un Centro de Servicio autorizado por la fábrica para el
reemplazo o la eliminación de las baterías.
30
7.0 Difficulty
7.1 Troubleshooting
PROBLEM:
UPS will not turn on
Possible cause: No load or insufficient load at the Master outlet.
Solution:
To turn on UPS and accessories, load must be larger
than 40 Watts and be turned on.
Possible cause: UPS Enable switch is in the off ( O ) position.
Solution:
Turn on the rear panel UPS Enable switch.
Possible cause: UPS’s circuit breaker is tripped (button is extended).
Solution:
Reduce the UPS’s load by unplugging equipment and
reset the circuit breaker (press button on rear panel).
Possible cause: Very low utility voltage or dead outlet.
Solution:
Check outlet with a table lamp. If very dim, have
utility voltage checked by an electrician.
PROBLEM:
UPS operates on-battery even though normal line
voltage is thought to exist.
Possible cause: UPS’s circuit breaker is tripped (button is extended).
Solution:
Unplug equipment to reduce the UPS’s load. Press the
button on the rear panel to reset circuit breaker.
Possible cause: Very high, low, or badly-distorted line voltage.
Solution:
Test the input voltage with UPS’s Line Voltage bar
graph (see Sec. 5.2.1). Inexpensive fuel powered
generators can cause distorted line voltages—set
Option Switch 1 to the on (down) position.
PROBLEM:
UPS “beeps” occasionally.
Possible cause: This is normal; the UPS is protecting your computer
equipment from momentary sags or swells.
PROBLEM:
UPS beeps more than once or twice an hour.
Possible cause: Chronically high or distorted line voltage.
Solution:
Set Option Switches 1 and 2 to match input voltage
range. Alternatively, set Option Switch 3 to the on
(down) position (see Secs. 5.4 and 5.5.4).
31
7.0 Difficulty
7.1 T
Trroubleshooting (continued)
PROBLEM:
UPS does not provide expected back up time.
Possible cause: UPS’s battery is weak from recent outage or wear.
Solution:
The battery needs recharging after an extended
outage. The battery wears faster when put into service
often and when used at higher temperatures.
Possible cause: UPS is overloaded.
Solution:
Check load using UPS’s Output Power display (see
Sec. 5.2.2). Unplug non-critical equipment and printers.
PROBLEM:
UPS shuts down if the Test button is held for more
than 4 seconds.
Possible cause: UPS is overloaded.
Solution:
Reduce the UPS’s load by unplugging equipment.
Check load using Output Power display (see Sec. 5.2.2).
Possible cause: Weak battery.
Solution:
Allow UPS to charge for at least five hours. If problem
persists, battery may need to be replaced.
PROBLEM:
Indicators on front panel flash in a “marquee” fashion.
Possible cause: UPS has been shut down by computer software.
Solution:
UPS will restart when AC power returns.
PROBLEM:
All indicators are lit and UPS emits constant tone.
Possible cause: Internal UPS fault.
Solution:
Do not attempt to use UPS. Turn off UPS and have it
serviced immediately.
PROBLEM:
Site wiring fault light is lit—UPS operates normally.
Possible cause: Building wiring error such as missing ground or hotneutral reversal.
Solution:
32
A qualified electrician should be summoned to correct
the building wiring.
7.0 Difficulty
7.1 T
Trroubleshooting (continued)
PROBLEM:
Replace Battery indicator is lit.
Possible cause: Weak battery.
Solution:
Allow the battery to recharge for at least 8 hours. If
the problem persists, the battery should be replaced.
PROBLEM:
Computer monitor interference.
Possible cause: Some monitors are sensitive to emissions from the
UPS.
Solution:
Move the UPS farther away from the monitor, or call
customer service.
33
7.0 Difficulty
7.2 Battery replacement check
The UPS automatically performs a battery test at startup and again every
14 days. This test briefly loads the batteries and can detect a weak battery
before it is put into service during a power failure. If the battery is too
weak to support the load during this test, the UPS instantly returns to online operation. The Replace Battery indicator lights when the batteries can
no longer sustain sufficient charge for the UPS to provide power for more
than half the normal time (see Sec. 9.9) during an extended utility failure.
You can expect to receive 3 to 6 years of service from the UPS’s battery
when used in a cool, dry location. Battery life is shortened when the UPS is
operated in an environment where the ambient temperature is normally
above 30°C (86°F).
If the Replace Battery indicator lights, perform the following procedure to
verify that the batteries need replacing.
1. Use the UPS’s Line Voltage bar graph to check that the utility voltage is
within a normal range (see Sec. 5.2.1). The UPS charges its battery more
slowly when operated from very low input voltages. Where low line
voltages and frequent disturbances are common, set the UPS’s Option
Switch 1 to on (down; see Sec. 5.4).
2. Allow the UPS to charge the battery for at least 8 hours after an extended utility failure.
3. Turn the UPS off and then on to initiate a battery test.
4. Check the Replace Battery indicator.
■ If the Replace Battery indicator does not light after the battery test,
the batteries do not require replacement. Extended storage without
recharge, or successive power outages can cause false indications.
■ If the Replace Battery indicator lights after the self test, the batteries
are worn and need to be replaced.
5. Call the Customer Service phone number listed on the cover of this
manual to obtain information about battery replacement service or
battery replacement kits.
Note: Please see the battery cautions at the beginning of this section.
34
7.0 Difficulty
7.3 Obtaining service
The troubleshooting chart in Section 7.1 covers most of the difficulties that
you may encounter under conditions other than a failure of the UPS itself.
For problems not covered in the chart, follow the procedure outlined
below.
If your UPS requires service:
1. Refer to the troubleshooting chart (Sec 7.1) to eliminate any obvious
causes.
2. Verify that the circuit breaker is not tripped.
■ A tripped circuit breaker is the most common UPS problem! You
may reset the breaker after unplugging excessive loads from the UPS.
3. Call the Customer Service Department to obtain a return material
authorization number (RMA#).
■ Before you call, note your UPS model, serial number, and date of
purchase. Contact Customer Service at the phone number listed on the
cover of this manual. Be prepared to provide a description of the
problem. A technician will help you solve the problem over the phone, if
possible, or will give you a RMA#.
■ If the UPS is under warranty, repairs will be performed free of
charge. If the warranty has expired, there will be a charge for repair.
4. Pack the UPS in its original packaging. If you do not have the original
shipping materials, ask the Customer Service technician about obtaining
a new set.
■ It is very important that you pack the UPS properly to avoid damage
in transit. Never use styrofoam beads for packaging the UPS because it
will settle through beads and become damaged. Damages sustained in
transit are not covered under warranty. Enclose a letter in the package
with your name, RMA#, address, copy of the sales receipt, description
of the trouble, your phone number, and a check (if necessary).
5. Mark your RMA# on the outside of the package.
The factory cannot accept any package without this marking.
6. Return your UPS by insured, prepaid carrier to the address on the rear
of this manual.
35
8.0 Storing the UPS
8.1 Storage conditions
When you store the UPS, cover it and keep it upright in a cool, dry location. Store the UPS with its battery fully-charged. Before storage, allow the
UPS to charge for at least 8 hours. Disconnect any accessories and cables
connected at the computer interface port, because these may unnecessarily
drain the battery charge.
8.2 Extended storage
■ To achieve optimal run time after extended storage, you should refresh
the UPS’s batteries every 6 months in environments where the ambient
temperature is –15 to +30°C (+5 to +86°F).
■ For extended storage in environments where the ambient temperature is
+30 to +45°C (+86 to +113°F), you should refresh the UPS’s batteries every
3 months.
36
9.0 Specifications
9.1 Input
UPS version (Vac):
Nominal input voltage (Vac): single phase
100
120
100
120
230
50 or 60 Hz.
Nominal input frequency:
Internally selected by microprocessor.
7 Amp
Input protection:
Push-to-reset circuit breaker.
220/230/240
7 Amp
5 Amp
Input connections: IEC 320 male inlet coupler. 120 and 100 Vac versions
include 6 ft (2 m) line cord, with a NEMA 5-15P three pronged plug.
9.2 Transfer characteristics
Frequency limits for on-line operation:
voltage†,
50 or 60 Hz, ±5%
on-line operation:
80 Vac
90 Vac
173 Vac
Upper input voltage , on-line operation:
110 Vac
132 Vac
253 Vac
80–90
90–103
173–196
Lower input
†
†
SmartBoost operation line voltage (Vac):
Transfer time:
(1 ms is 0.001 seconds).
2 ms typical;
4 ms maximum.
† Note that these are the default values. Transfer parameters may be
configured using UPS monitoring software.
9.3 Output characteristics
On-battery output voltage (Vac):
100 ±5%
Maximum output current:
4.0 Amp 3.5 Amp 1.8 Amp
Maximum load:
115 ±5%
225 ±5%
400 VA or
250 W at 0.63 power factor
On-battery Frequency:
50 or 60 Hz, ±0.1 Hz.
Synchronized to mains frequency during brownout.
On-battery waveshape:
sinewave.
Protection: Overcurrent and short-circuit protected, latching shutdown
upon overload.
Output connections: 100 and 120 Vac versions have four NEMA 5-15R
receptacles. 220/230/240 Vac version has four IEC 320 output couplers
and includes two 6 ft (2 m) output cords with IEC 320 couplers and one
IEC rewireable plug adapter.
37
9.0 Specifications
9.4 Battery and charger
UPS version (Vac):
100
120
220/230/240
Battery type: Spill proof, maintenance free sealed lead-calcium.
Typical battery life:
3 to 6 years.
Battery life dependent on number of discharges and ambient temperature.
Low battery signaling: Continuous visual and audible alarm 2 minutes
before shutdown.
Recharge time: 5 hours typical from total discharge. UPS may be used
immediately after discharge but will provide shorter backup time.
9.5 Surge and noise suppression
Surge energy rating (Joules, maximum):
One occurrence, 10/1000 µs waveform.
Surge current capability (maximum):
One occurrence, 8/20 µs waveform.
Surge response time:
common mode.
160
320
320
6500 Amp peak.
0 ns (instantaneous) normal mode; less than 5 ns
Surge voltage let-through:
per ANSI C62.41 Cat. A 6 kV test.
<0.7%
<0.7%
<2.0%
Noise filter range:
100 kHz to 10 MHz
Normal and common mode EMI/RFI suppression.
9.6 Operating Environment
Operating temperature:
0 to +40°C (+32 to +104°F)
Storage temperature:
–15 to +45°C (+5 to +113°F)
Operating & storage relative humidity:
0 to 95%, non-condensing
Operating elevation:
0 to 3,000 m (0 to 10,000 ft)
Storage elevation:
0 to 15,000 m (0 to 50,000 ft)
Electromagnetic immunity:
IEC 801-2 level IV, 801-3 level III, 801-4 level IV, 801-5 level III.
Audible noise:
38
<45 dBA at 1 m (3 ft)
9.0 Specifications
9.7 Physical
Size (H´W´D):
Weight:
Shipping weight:
2.4 ´ 11.9 ´ 15.5 in.
(6.0 ´ 30.2 ´ 39.4 cm)
17 lbs (7.7 kg)
20 lbs (9.1 kg)
9.8 Approvals
Safety approvals:
UL per 1778, CSA per C22.2, TUV per IEC 950.
EMC verification: FCC/DOC Class B certified; VCCI Class 1 compliance; VDE/EN55022 Class B verified.
39
9.0 Specifications
9.9 Typical run times versus load
Load Run Time
(VA†) (minutes‡ )
Typical computer
equivalents
50
100
Typical ASCII terminal
100
54
Apple Macintosh SE
Apple Macintosh Classic
150
33
PS/2 25 w/monochrome monitor
Apple Macintosh SE/30
200
22
DeskPro 386s w/VGA monitor
Apple Macintosh IIsi w/color monitor
250
15
Apple Macintosh IIci w/color monitor
Compaq Presario 400/600 Series w/monitor
300
11
Gateway 486/33 tower w/VGA monitor
Apple Macintosh IIci w/19-in. color monitor
350
8
NEC PowerMate 386 w/VGA monitor
Gateway PS-60 Pentium w/monitor
400
5
Gateway 4DX2-66E w/19-in. color monitor
Dell System 433TE w/VGA monitor
† VA = volt-amperes; 0.63 VA = 1 Watt.
‡ Run times are typical at 25°C (77°F).
40
Limited Warranty
American Power Conversion (APC) warrants its products to be free from defects in materials
and workmanship for a period of two years from the date of purchase. Its obligation under this
warranty is limited to repairing or replacing, at its own sole option, any such defective products.
To obtain service under warranty you must obtain a Returned Material Authorization (RMA)
number from APC or an APC service center. Products must be returned to APC or an APC
service center with transportation charges prepaid and must be accompanied by a brief
description of the problem encountered and proof of date and place of purchase. This warranty
does not apply to equipment which has been damaged by accident, negligence, or misapplication
or has been altered or modified in any way. This warranty applies only to the original purchaser
who must have properly registered the product within 10 days of purchase.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED HEREIN, AMERICAN POWER CONVERSION MAKES NO
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not
permit limitation or exclusion of implied warranties; therefore, the aforesaid limitation(s) or
exclusion(s) may not apply to the purchaser.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED ABOVE, IN NO EVENT WILL APC BE LIABLE FOR DIRECT,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF
THE USE OF THIS PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Specifically, APC is not liable for any costs, such as lost profits or revenue, loss of equipment,
loss of use of equipment, loss of software, loss of data, costs of substitutes, claims by third
parties, or otherwise. This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other
rights which vary from state to state.
Life support policy
As a general policy, American Power Conversion (APC) does not recommend the use of any of
its products in life support applications where failure or malfunction of the APC product can be
reasonably expected to cause failure of the life support device or to significantly affect its safety
or effectiveness. APC does not recommend the use of any of its products in direct patient care.
APC will not knowingly sell its products for use in such applications unless it receives in writing
assurances satisfactory to APC that (a) the risks of injury or damage have been minimized, (b)
the customer assumes all such risks, and (c) the liability of American Power Conversion is
adequately protected under the circumstances.
Examples of devices considered to be life support devices are neonatal oxygen analyzers, nerve
stimulators (whether used for anesthesia, pain relief, or other purposes), autotransfusion devices,
blood pumps, defibrillators, arrhythmia detectors and alarms, pacemakers, hemodialysis
systems, peritoneal dialysis systems, neonatal ventilator incubators, ventilators for both adults
and infants, anesthesia ventilators, and infusion pumps as well as any other devices designated
as “critical” by the U.S. FDA.
Hospital grade wiring devices and leakage current may be ordered as options on many APC
UPS systems. APC does not claim that units with this modification are certified or listed as
Hospital Grade by APC or any other organization. Therefore these units do not meet the
requirements for use in direct patient care.
( PHONE
( PHONE
(800) 800-4272 in USA & Canada
(401) 789-5735 worldwide
(+33) 1.64.62.59.00 in Europe
(401) 789-5735 worldwide
* MAILING
* MAILING
American Power Conversion
132 Fairgrounds Road
P.O. Box 278
West Kingston, Rhode Island
02892 USA
American Power Conversion
4, rue Ste Claire Deville
Zac du Mandinet-Bâtiment Espace
Lognes
77447 Marne La Vallee Cédex 2
France
Please note: The troubleshooting chart in Section 7.0 offers solutions for most
of the difficulties you may encounter with this UPS. Before calling the customer
service number, please have available your UPS’s serial number (see label at
the rear of the UPS).
Serial number: ___________________
Entire contents copyright © 1994 American Power Conversion. All rights reserved; reproduction in whole or in part
without permission is prohibited. Smart-UPS, PowerDoctor, and PowerChute are registered trademarks of APC. SNMP
Adapter and SmartBoost are trademarks of APC. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
990-0370-A-9 1/94
Download PDF

advertising