American Sensor ESA5010 Smoke Alarm User Manual

SMOKE ALARM MANUAL
Ionization Type Models - 120 VAC Hardwire
• Model
ESA5010 - 120 Volt AC Hardwire Smoke Alarm.
ESA5011 - 120 Volt AC Hardwire with Relay
Important information about your smoke alarm
• Model
• Install alarms outside of every bedroom area and on every floor of
your home. Please refer to Section 3 “Where to Locate Smoke
Alarms” for details.
• Test the alarm weekly by pressing and holding the test button for
up to 20 seconds until the alarm sounds.
• The models described in this manual are designed for single
family residences, including homes and apartments rather than
commercial or industrial use.
Smoke Alarm Safety Features
• Dual-Ionization Chambers - Advanced design responds to visible
or invisible particles of combustion (smoke) to sense fires in their
earliest stages. Compensates for changes in humidity and
temperature to virtually eliminate “nuisance” alarms caused by
normal atmospheric changes in the home.
• Operating Light (LED) - A continuous green light located
behind the slotted case indicates the smoke alarm is receiving AC
power.
• Interconnection - Interconnection facilities for up to 11 other
units, using only three wires, including AC power. When one
alarm sounds, all properly interconnected smoke alarms follow.
NOTE: Interconnect only with the models specified in Section 6.
• Alarm Source Indicator - The red operating light in the unit
originating the alarm will flash rapidly in the event of an alarm.
With interconnected units, this feature allows for an easy check
to determine the originator.
• Locking Key - The auxiliary locking key provided can be used to
lock the smoke alarm to the mounting plate. This helps to reduce
the risk of unauthorized removal.
• Sensitivity Test Button - Test sensitivity, as well as circuitry and
horn. With interconnected units, activating test button on one
unit will cause all properly interconnected units to sound. An
important and convenient check of system integrity.
• Quick Disconnect Power Connector - For easy installation,
connect the wires separately from the unit and then plug into the
back of the unit.
• Detachable Mounting Plate - For easily securing the alarm to the
junction box.
•
MAXIMUM POWER REQUIREMENTS
OPERATING VOLTAGE 120VAC
Model
Power Supply
Standby
Alarm
ESA5010
ESA5011
120 VAC
120 VAC
20mA
20mA
50mA
70mA
• Relay Connection
Model ESA5011 only - The ESA5011 smoke alarm provides one
Form C, normally open/normally closed contact which is activated
on alarm.
Integral relay - The ESA5011 comes complete with voltage free
contacts, allowing the unit to be used with a variety of auxiliary
equipment. The contacts remain closed for the whole period of the
alarm. Once the alarm ends, the contacts open.
CONTENTS OF THIS MANUAL
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
CAPABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS OF SMOKE ALARMS
SAFETY TIPS
WHERE TO LOCATE SMOKE ALARMS
NFPA RECOMMENDATIONS
LOCATIONS TO AVOID
INSTALLATION AND TESTING
MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING
LIMITED WARRANTY
1. CAPABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS OF SMOKE ALARMS
ASI Electronics smoke alarms are designed to provide early warning
of fire and smoke at reasonable cost. Early warning can mean the
difference between a safe escape and no escape at all. While smoke
alarms can provide invaluable protection for you and your family,
they do have limitations.
• Smoke alarms cannot work without power. Battery operated
alarms will not work without proper batteries, with dead batteries
or if batteries are not properly installed. AC powered alarms will
not work if their AC power supply is cut off by an electrical fire,
an open fuse, a circuit breaker or any other reason.
If you are concerned about the reliability of either battery or your
AC power supply for any of the above reasons, you should install
in your home both AC and battery powered smoke alarms for
added security. American Sensors also offers the SA379 model
which is AC powered with battery back-up.
• Smoke alarms are incapable of sounding the alarm until smoke
reaches the sensing chamber. Anything preventing smoke from
reaching the alarm may delay or prevent an alarm. A smoke
alarm cannot detect fire in the walls, chimney or roof unless and
until a significant amount of smoke reaches the alarm. A closed
door may prevent smoke from reaching an alarm on the other side
of the door. A smoke alarm may not sense a fire on another floor
of a home. For example, a basement smoke alarm may not detect
a fire which started on the first or second floor.
• Smoke alarms may not be heard. The loudness of the horn in
your alarm meets current standards. However, the sound may be
blocked by distance, closed doors, or ambient noise such as traffic
or a stereo. Smoke alarms may not be heard by persons who are
hard of hearing.
For these reasons, a smoke alarm should be installed in every
room or at least on every level of your home. American
Sensors recommends that hardwire AC Powered smoke alarms be
interconnected, so that one alarm will trigger all other alarms to
sound their alarms.
• Smoke alarms are not fool-proof. Smoke alarms may not always
sense every kind of fire. They cannot be expected to sense fires
caused by carelessness or by safety hazards. They may not give
early warning of fast growing fires caused by smoking in bed,
violent explosions, escaping gas, improper storage of flammable
materials, overloaded electrical circuits, natural causes such as
lightning, children playing with matches, or arson.
• Smoke alarms are not substitutes for property, disability, life or
other insurance of any kind. Home owners and renters should
continue to insure their lives and property. Consult your
insurance agent.
• Smoke alarms have limited lives. One or more of the many
components could fail at any time. Therefore, test your smoke
alarm weekly. Clean and take care of it as described in this
manual. Repair or replace the smoke alarm when it fails to test
properly. Your smoke alarm should be replaced if it is ten years
old.
•
Ionization Technology vs.
Photoelectronic Technology
Smoke Alarms
from the farthest wall and no greater than 26 feet (8 meters) from
the next alarm.
• In the center of a room or hallway: As it is impossible to predict
the source of a fire. If it is necessary to place the alarm on a wall,
always locate the top of the smoke alarm 4-6 inches (10-15 cm)
from the ceiling.
• As needed: To compensate for closed doors and other obstacles
that may interfere with the path of smoke to an alarm. They may
also prevent occupants on one side of a closed door from hearing
an alarm on the other side of the door.
• Models ESA5010 and ESA5011 - Hardwire models can be
located in any area of the home.
READ “CAPABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS OF SMOKE
ALARMS” in Section 1 of this manual.
Your local fire department or insurance
Dining
Kitchen
Dining
Bedroom Bedroom
Kitchen
Bedroom
TV Room
Living Room
Living Room
Bedroom
Bedroom
Bedroom
There are two different types of smoke alarm technology
currently in general use: Ionization and photoelectronic.
While both types of technology are suitable for general
residential use, an ionization alarm will normally respond
faster to fast flaming fires, while a photoelectronic alarm may
be more sensitive to detecting slow smoldering fires. Because
home fires develop in different ways and are often
unpredictable in their growth, it is impossible to predict which
type of alarm will provide the earliest warning. For best home
protection install at least one photoelectronic and one
ionization smoke alarm on each level of your home. Models
ESA5010 and ESA5011 are ionization type smoke alarms.
A photoelectronic smoke alarm senses smoke using an electronic
photo receptor to sense the scattering of light by smoke particles.
2. SAFETY TIPS
Properly installed and maintained smoke alarms are an essential
part of a good home fire safety program. Your fire safety program
should also include a review of fire hazards and the elimination
of dangerous conditions whenever possible. Consider the following
tips:
• Use smoking materials properly. Never smoke in bed.
• Keep matches and cigarette lighters away from children.
• Store flammable materials in proper containers. Never use them
near an open flame or sparks.
• Keep electrical appliances in good condition. Do not overload
electrical circuits.
• Keep stoves, fireplaces, chimneys, and barbecue grills grease free.
Make sure they are properly installed and away from any
combustible materials.
• Keep portable heaters and open flames such as candles away from
combustible material.
• Do not allow rubbish to accumulate.
• Keep a supply of extra batteries on hand for your battery powered
smoke alarms.
• Do not stand too close to the alarm when the unit is in alarm as
the loud horn could damage your hearing.
Never disconnect the battery or the AC power
on any type of smoke alarm to silence a
nuisance alarm. Clear the area of smoke by opening doors and
windows or fanning the smoke away.
!
WARNING
Most important, when fire strikes, a prepared and practiced
escape plan can make the difference between life and death.
Develop an escape plan and practice it with the entire family,
including small children.
• Ensure all family members are familiarized with the alarm signal.
• Prepare an escape plan. Draw a Floor Plan of Your Home and
determine two exits from each room. There should be a way to
get out of each bedroom without opening the door.
• Have Fire Drills Often. Practice your Escape and BE
PREPARED.
• Decide on a meeting place at a safe distance from your home.
IN CASE OF FIRE
• Don’t waste time collecting possessions after a fire starts.
• Arouse all occupants and leave the building. Your most valuable
possession is your life.
• Doors can mean escape or death. Never open doors without first
checking for heat. Test them with your hands, if they feel warm,
fire may be walled up behind them - leave closed and find
another escape route.
• Call the fire department from OUTSIDE the building.
• If trapped inside, stay close to the floor, cover mouth with cloth,
conserve breath as you crawl to safety.
• Keep all doors and windows closed except for escape purposes.
• NEVER re-enter a burning building.
• Keep your family in a pre-arranged meeting place after your
escape.
Your local fire department may be able to offer you additional ideas
for safety and escape plans in the home.
3a. WHERE TO LOCATE SMOKE ALARMS
As a minimum, smoke alarms should be located between sleeping
areas and potential sources of fire such as a kitchen, heated garage
or basement. In single storey homes with one sleeping area, an
alarm should be installed in the hallway outside the bedrooms (see
Figure 1). In single storey homes with two separate sleeping areas, a
minimum of two alarms are required, one outside each sleeping area
(see Figure 2). In multi-level or split-level homes, as a minimum,
an alarm should be installed outside each sleeping area, in the
basement and at every level of the home (see Figure 3).
• In every room of your home (except the bathroom): Research
indicates that substantial increases in warning time can be
obtained with each properly installed, additional alarm.
• In bedrooms: In anticipation of fires originating within these
rooms, caused by faulty wiring, lamps, appliances, smoking or
other hazards.
• In hallways: At a distance no greater than 13 feet (4 meters)
Bedroom
Hall
Bedroom
Figure 2
Figure 1
Smoke alarms for limited protection
Additional smoke alarms for better coverage
Living
Room
Hall Kitchen
Figure 3
Basement
Furnace
These diagrams show smoke alarm
locations as recommended above in 3a.
company may be able to give you further advice on the best smoke
alarm locations in your home. Call them and ask.
3b. WHERE TO LOCATE SMOKE ALARMS IN MOBILE
HOMES.
NOTE: Power supply must be 120 Volts AC for models
ESA5010 and ESA5011.
In mobile homes built after 1978 locate the smoke alarm as
described above.
Older mobile homes may have little or no insulation compared to
the ones built post 1978. These uninsulated exteriors can disrupt
airflow around the smoke alarm in hotter or colder weather. Locate
the alarm only on interior walls 4” to 6” (10 to 15 cm) from
ceiling 1. if you own an older mobile home, or 2. if you notice the
exterior walls and/or ceiling are noticeably cold or warm or 3. if you
are uncertain about the quality of insulation.
Regardless of the age of the mobile home, locate alarms throughout
to ensure maximum protection. Follow the location instructions in
this manual.
4. NFPA RECOMMENDATIONS
For your information, the National Fire Protection Association’s
Standard 72, Section 2-2.1.1.1 & A-2.5.2.1, reads as follows:
2-2.1.1.1 Smoke alarms shall be installed outside of each separate
sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms
and on each additional storey of the family living unit,
including basements and excluding crawl spaces and
unfinished attics. In new construction a smoke alarm also
shall be installed in each sleeping room.
A-2.5.2.1 Smoke detection - Are more smoke detectors desirable?
The required number of smoke alarms might not provide
reliable early warning protection for those areas separated
by a door from the areas protected by the required smoke
alarms. For this reason, it is recommended that the
householder consider the use of additional smoke alarms
for those areas for increased protection. The additional
areas include the basement, bedrooms, dining room,
furnace room, utility room, and hallways not protected by
the required smoke alarms. The installation of smoke
alarms in kitchens, attics (finished or unfinished), or
garages is not normally recommended, as these locations
occasionally experience conditions that can result in
improper operation.
24 hour voltage circuit that cannot be turned off by a switch or a
ground fault interrupter. It is highly recommended that smoke
alarms be wired on a separate circuit (one with no other lights or
appliances) to ensure maximum reliability of AC power supply. For
Smoke alarm
quick disconnect
power connector
mounting plate
paper gasket (not shown-fits in between)
installation of smoke alarms in Dwelling Units, it is important to
follow the National Electrical Code and local codes.
1. Electricity must be turned off at service entrance before
beginning installation to prevent electrical shock or equipment
damage.
2. Location must comply with applicable building codes.
3. Install a junction box where you plan to install the alarm. Use
standard 14 gauge wire.
4. Connect black and white wires color to color from power
connector to AC power leads.
5. For multiple station application use the orange wire to
interconnect. If unit is not to be interconnected, cap unused
wire. NOTE: The ESA5010 and ESA5011 are
interconnectable with up to 11 other units.
6. Loosen or remove screws from junction box.
7. Attach flat side of mounting plate and tighten screws to fit
snugly against the junction box and ceiling or wall.
8. Bring power connector through center opening.
To Use Optional Locking KeyRemove from mounting plate with needle nosed pliers and insert in housing
TA
OU
GED, PROPERLY
CHAR
INS
TA
9. Slip the paper gasket supplied with the alarm over the power
connector and then onto the mounting plate so that the four
plastic tabs on the mounting plate will hold the gasket in place.
Twist Connectors
Ceiling
Mounting Plate
A. Installation
Mount to any standard or rectangular junction box with a minimum
depth of 1 inch (2.5 cm).
Model ESA5010- 120 VAC, 60Hz, 50mA operation
Model ESA5011- 120 VAC, 60Hz, 70mA operation
WARNING: Wiring should only be installed by a licensed
electrician in accordance with the National Electrical Code and
local codes.
WARNING: The circuit used to power the smoke alarm must be a
Supplied Gasket Must Be
Installed In Mounting Plate
SINGLE STATION
Smoke Alarm
Quick Disconnect
Power Connector
BLACK 120VAC, 60Hz
WHITE
ORANGE Interconnect
MULTIPLE STATION
RELAY CONNECTION- Model ESA5011 only
The gasket will prevent downward air currents from entering
the smoke alarm through holes in the back of the alarm unless
blocked off downward air currents could prevent smoke from
entering the alarm. WARNING: IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT
WHITE
This model has an optional Locking Key to better secure the alarm
to inhibit unauthorized removal. If securing the alarm is a concern,
remove and save the “Locking Key” from the back plate with needle
nosed pliers before installing the alarm. See point 12 in this section
for more details on this feature.
Test smoke alarm operation after vehicle has been
in storage, before each trip, and at least once per
WARNING
week during use.
7. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
TEST THE ALARM WEEKLY. VACUUM EVERY SIX MONTHS.
Your smoke alarm should be cleaned every six months to help keep the
unit working efficiently. REMOVE POWER TO ALARM. Gently
vacuum through the vents of the alarm with a soft brush attachment.
Keep vacuum nozzle from touching the unit.
RE-ESTABLISH POWER TO ALARM.
Problems may be indicated by the following:
1. The alarm does not sound upon pressing the test button.
2. The alarm does not sound with the smoke test.
3. The green operating light does not remain steadily on when unit is
AC powered.
4. The red operating light remains steadily on or off. (i.e. does not
flash once every 45 seconds, when the unit is not in alarm).
TRY THE FOLLOWING:
1. Inspect breaker or fuse in power circuit to alarm.
2. Gently vacuum as recommended above.
3. Call an electrician to inspect house wiring and connection to alarms.
If these procedures do not correct the problem, do NOT attempt repairs.
If the smoke alarm is within warranty period and terms, indicate the
nature of the problem and return the unit with proof of purchase to the
point of purchase, distributor or manufacturer. See below for
instructions. Units beyond warranty cannot be economically repaired.
Abnormal air conditions may cause the highly sensitive smoke alarm to
give a “false” alarm. If no fire is apparent, ventilate the room and/or
blow fresh air into the unit until the alarm stops. Once cleared, the
smoke alarm will automatically reset.
DO NOT DISCONNECT THE AC POWER SUPPLY.
Dust can lead to excess sensitivity. Vacuum as recommended above.
Cap Unused Wire
BLACK
Note: This equipment should be installed in accordance with the
National Fire Protection Association Standard 72. (National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269).
BLACK 120VAC, 60Hz
WHITE
Outlet Box
MODEL ESA5010/5011
120 VAC Dual-Ionization
Interconnectable
Smoke Alarm
Avoid locations where smoke may not reach the alarm in time to
provide early warning, or where the alarm may not be effective.
DO NOT PLACE SMOKE ALARMS:
• In turbulent air from fans, doors, windows, etc. The rapid air
movement may prevent combustion particles from entering the
alarm.
• In dead air spaces such as at the peak of an “A” frame ceiling.
“Dead air” at the top may prevent smoke from reaching the alarm
in time to provide early warning. In rooms with simple sloped,
peaked or gabled ceilings, install smoke alarms on the ceiling
3 feet (90 cm) from the highest point of the ceiling.
Note: For complex ceiling structures, consult a safety expert for
the number of alarms required and the best locations.
• In very hot or cold areas where the temperature exceeds 1000F
(380C) or falls below 400F (50C).
• Less than 6 inches (15 cm) from the wall when mounted on the
ceiling.
Nuisance alarms could result when smoke
! WARNING
alarms are located where interference may
occur with the sensing chamber. To avoid nuisance alarms, DO
NOT place smoke alarms:
• In high humidity areas such as bathrooms and attics. Place
smoke alarms at least 10 feet (3 meters) away from bathrooms.
• In insect-infested areas.
• In poorly ventilated kitchens or garages.
• In very dusty and dirty areas.
• Near fluorescent lights. Place smoke alarms at least 5 feet (1.5
meters) from fluorescent lights.
6. INSTALLATION AND TESTING
!
FALSE ALARMS:
LOCKING
KEY
5. LOCATIONS TO AVOID
This smoke alarm is suitable for residential use. It is not to be
connected to a commercial or industrial fire alarm panel.
confirms that the smoke alarm is receiving AC power.
3. Press and hold the test button until the alarm sounds. NOTE: It
may be necessary to press the test button for up to 20 seconds for an
alarm to sound. An alarm is indicated by 3 loud beeps repeating
every 5 seconds. Alarm may continue to sound for up to 10 seconds
after button is released. (NOTE: Model ESA5011: Pressing the test
button activates the relay.)
4. At least once a week, press the test button and hold until the alarm
sounds, then release.
NOTE: Multiple Station Only:
5. Test each alarm separately in the system.
6. Determine that the initiating alarm triggers other alarms in the system.
7. Model ESA5011: Pressing the test button activates the relay.
RED
BROWN
BLUE
ORANGE
120 VAC
NORMALLY CLOSED
NORMALLY OPEN
COMMON
INTERCONNECT
YOU INSERT THE GASKET WHEN INSTALLING YOUR
SMOKE ALARM.
10. Align the plug area on the smoke alarm with the cut-out in the
gasket and place the smoke alarm on the mounting plate, turn
clockwise to fasten it to the mounting plate.
11. Plug wire connector into the back of the alarm.
12. If auxiliary lock is desired, insert the Locking Key into the slot
in the base of the alarm. Locking Key should “click” into
position and be flush with the alarm housing. CAUTION: Do
not attempt to remove alarm without first removing the
Locking Key. If the key is not first removed, damage may result.
To remove use a screwdriver and gently pry the Locking Key
loose.
13. Test alarm operation after installation in accordance with
“Operation: How to Test” instructions.
Model ESA5011 provides one form C (NO/NC) contact which
activates on alarm. Contact rating (resistive): 10 A at 120 VAC/
10A at 28 VDC.
Relay wires (red/brown/blue) 14 gauge stranded copper.
Install in accordance with National Electrical code and local
building codes.
Note: Maximum interconnect wiring length is 150 feet (50
meters).
IMPORTANT: The ESA5010/5011 is not interconnectable with
any other model produced by another manufacturer.
The ESA5010/5011 may be interconnected only with the following
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. Listed smoke alarm models:
American Sensors
SA379
American Sensors
SA360
ASI Electronics
ESA5010
ASI Electronics
ESA5011
Dicon Safety Products Inc.
670L
Dicon Safety Products Inc.
670LR
Dicon Safety Products Inc.
370LBX
B. Operation: How To Test
Testing After Installation
1. Smoke Test - Hold a piece of cotton string with pliers. Leave
about 2 inches (5 cm)of string dangling from the pliers. Burn
the tip of the string with a safety match, extinguish flame and
hold smoking string 6 inches (15 cm) below and to one side of
the smoke alarm. Blow smoke towards the smoke alarm until
the horn sounds. The horn will sound until the sensing
chamber is clear of smoke. Repeat this monthly.
2. Check to see that the green “POWER ON” light is on. The
“POWER ON” light is visible behind the slotted case and
8. LIMITED WARRANTY
Your American Sensors smoke alarm is warranted for ten years from the date
of purchase against defect in material and workmanship. Units returned to
Dicon Global Inc. with proof of purchase date during this
period as a result of such defects will be repaired, or replaced at
Dicon Global Inc.’s option. This warranty only
covers defects in material or workmanship in normal residential use. This
warranty does not cover damage resulting from negligent handling, misuse,
or lack of reasonable care. This warranty is in lieu of any other warranty
either expressed or implied.
dICON gLOBAL INC. SHALL HAVE NO
LIABILITY FOR ANY PERSONAL INJURY OR PROPERTY DAMAGE,
OR ANY SPECIAL INCIDENTAL, CONTINGENT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE OF ANY KIND RESULTING FROM A
FIRE. THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR BREACH OF THE LIMITED
WARRANTY CONTAINED HEREIN IS THE REPAIR OR
REPLACEMENT OF THE DEFECTIVE PRODUCT AT
DICON GLOBAL INC.’S OPTION. IN NO CASE SHALL
DICON GLOBAL INC.’S LIABILITY UNDER ANY
OTHER REMEDY PRESCRIBED BY LAW EXCEED THE PURCHASE
PRICE. YOUR SMOKE ALARM IS NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR
PROPERTY, DISABILITY, LIFE OR OTHER INSURANCE OF ANY
KIND. APPROPRIATE COVERAGE IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY.
CONSULT YOUR INSURANCE AGENT.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may have other rights
which may vary from state to state.
Units may be returned to point of purchase according to retailers
exchange / return policy. Or call 1-800-387-4219, for shipping
instructions and a returned goods authorization number “RGA”
number, to return to Dicon Global Inc. Returned goods
must be shipped prepaid. A cheque for $5.00 is also required for
return postage. Please mark the “RGA” number on the exterior of your
package. Date code located on back of smoke alarm.
Dicon Global Inc.
20 Steelcase Road West, Unit 3
Markham, Ontario,
Canada L3R 1B2
email: info@diconglobal.com
120 VAC-IONIZATION
Smoke Alarms
MODELS
•ESA5010120 VAC
•ESA5011-
120 VAC with Relay
Owner’s Manual
READ CAREFULLY AND SAVE.
This manual contains important
information.
A copy of this manual must be left
with the end user.
2502-2527
PUSH & HOLD
TO TEST