Specifications | American Standard 4114.016 Indoor Furnishings User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
4
Controls and features
16
Seating and safety restraints
71
Starting and driving
Starting
97
Driving
103
Roadside emergencies
133
Servicing
Maintenance and care
152
Capacities and specifications
200
Reporting safety defects
209
Index
210
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including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright r 1998 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
If possible, you should avoid full use of the brakes for the first 1 600 km
(1 000 miles).
2
Introduction
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of utility type vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident.
Be sure to read Driving off road in the Driving chapter as well as the
“Four Wheeling” supplement included with 4WD and utility type vehicles.
Using your vehicle as a snowplow
Do not use this vehicle for snowplowing.
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
Do not use this vehicle as an ambulance.
Your vehicle is not equipped with the Ford Ambulance Preparation
package.
Electric vehicles
For information on operating your Electric Vehicle, also refer to the
Electric Vehicle Owner’s Guide Supplement.
3
Instrumentation
Headlamp
control
(pg. 16)
Instrument cluster
(pg. 6)
Instrument panel
dimmer switch
(pg. 17)
60 70
50
F
30
H
10
L
<FUEL DOOR
ABS
80
100
90
120
60
20
E
80
0 0 0
40
CHECK
ENGINE
140
000000
40
160
MPH
P
R
H
100
180
20
DOOR
AJAR
H
110
km/h 120
N D 2 1
L
!
THEFT
BRAKE
SPEED
CONT
O/D
OFF
OFF
ON
SET
ACC
OFF
Turn signal and
wiper/washer control
(pg. 62)
4
COAST
Driver side air
bag
(pg. 81)
Speed control*
(pg. 56)
Instrumentation
Auxiliary power
point
(pg. 23)
Electronic sound
system
(pg. 24)
L
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
1
2
3
4
AM/FM
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
Passenger air bag
deactivate switch
(pg. 86)
Climate control
systems
(pg. 17)
* if equipped
5
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
Standard instrument cluster
60 70
50
CHECK
ENGINE
F
H
80
100
30
10
000000
160
110
km/h 120
MPH
R
N D 2 1
L
!
ABS
H
H
100
180
20
P
L
<FUEL DOOR
140
40
DOOR
AJAR
90
120
60
20
E
80
0 0 0
40
L
SPEED
CONT
THEFT
BRAKE
O/D
OFF
Optional instrument cluster
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
6
30
20
1
FUEL
RESET
F
E
ABS
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
0
!
BRAKE
P
40
90
120
60
2
C
50
40
RPMx1000
140
000000
20
MPH
R N D 2 1
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
THEFT
H
SPEED
CONT
L
4WD
HIGH
H
4WD
LOW
L
O/D
OFF
Check engine
Your vehicle is equipped with a
computer that monitors the engine’s
CHECK
emission control system. This
ENGINE
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). This OBD II system protects the environment by ensuring that your
vehicle continues to meet government emission standards. The OBD II
system also assists the service technician in properly servicing your
vehicle.
6
Instrumentation
The Check Engine indicator light illuminates when the ignition is first
turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the check engine light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Check Engine light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with good quality fuel and/or properly installing and securely tightening
the gas cap. After three driving cycles without these or any other
temporary malfunctions present, the Check Engine light should turn off.
(A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup followed by mixed
city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.
If the Check Engine light remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the
first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
7
Instrumentation
Fuel reset (if equipped)
Illuminates when the ignition key is
turned to the ON position and the
fuel pump shut-off switch has been
triggered. For more information,
refer to Fuel pump shut-off switch
in the Roadside emergencies chapter.
FUEL
RESET
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
!
and the engine is off. If brake
BRAKE
warning lamp does not illuminate at
this time, seek service immediately.
Also illuminates when the parking brake is engaged. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the brake
system should be inspected immediately.
8
Instrumentation
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
ABS
and the engine is off. If the light
remains on, continues to flash or
fails to illuminate, have the system
serviced immediately. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake system
is disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake warning
light also remains illuminated with parking brake released.
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
turn signal bulb. Refer to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Anti-theft system (if equipped)
Refer to SecuriLocky passive
anti-theft system in the Controls
and features chapter.
THEFT
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
9
Instrumentation
O/D off (if equipped)
Illuminates when the transmission
control switch has been pushed.
O/D
When the light is on, the
OFF
transmission does not shift into
overdrive. If the light does not come
on when the transmission control switch is depressed or if the light
flashes when you are driving, have your vehicle serviced.
Check gage (if equipped)
Illuminates when the engine coolant
CHECK
temperature is high, the engine oil
pressure is low or the fuel gauge is
GAGE
at or near empty. The ignition must
be in the ON position for this lamp to illuminate. The lamp will also
illuminate for several seconds after the ignition is turned to the ON
position. Refer to Engine coolant temperature gauge, Engine oil
pressure gauge or Fuel gauge in this chapter for more information.
Four wheel drive low (if equipped)
This light momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to ON.
Illuminates when four-wheel drive
low is engaged. If the light continues
to flash have the system serviced.
Four wheel drive high (if equipped)
This light momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to ON.
Illuminates when four-wheel drive
high is engaged. If the light
continues to flash have the system
serviced.
Door ajar
Illuminates when the ignition is in
the ON or START position and any
door is open.
10
4WD
LOW
4WD
HIGH
DOOR
AJAR
Instrumentation
Speed control
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET/ACCEL or RESUME controls
are pressed. It turns off when the
CONT
speed control OFF control is
pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is turned to the OFF
position.
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and the driver’s door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
GAUGES
Standard instrument cluster gauges
60 70
50
30
H
20
10
L
<FUEL DOOR
ABS
80
100
!
BRAKE
140
000000
40
160
P
R
H
H
100
180
20
MPH
DOOR
AJAR
90
120
60
F
E
80
0 0 0
40
CHECK
ENGINE
110
km/h 120
N D 2 1
L
L
THEFT
SPEED
CONT
O/D
OFF
11
Instrumentation
Optional instrument cluster gauges
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
6
30
20
1
FUEL
RESET
F
E
ABS
40
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
0
!
P
40
90
120
60
2
C
50
RPMx1000
140
000000
20
MPH
R N D 2 1
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
H
SPEED
CONT
L
4WD
HIGH
H
4WD
LOW
L
THEFT
O/D
OFF
BRAKE
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON position). The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF position while
the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty,
there is a small amount of reserve
fuel in the tank. When refueling the
vehicle from empty indication, the
amount of fuel that can be added will be less than the advertised
capacity due to the reserve fuel.
The FUEL DOOR icon and arrow indicates which side of the vehicle the
fuel filler door is located.
F
E
12
Instrumentation
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine
coolant in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
H
C
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate.
Tachometer (if equipped)
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer continuously at the top of
the scale may damage the engine.
4
3
5
6
RPMx1000
2
1
0
13
Instrumentation
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
60 70
50
40
80
0 0 0
80
100
90
120
60
30
20
140
000000
40
km/h 120
MPH
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
60 70
50
40
80
0 0 0
100
80
90
120
60
30
20
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
140
000000
40
40
80
0 0 0
100
10
14
20
MPH
90
120
60
20
110
km/h 120
60 70
80
40
100
180
MPH
50
30
160
20
10
110
180
20
10
100
160
140
000000
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
Instrumentation
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
in the normal range (the area
between the “H” and “L”).
H
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
L
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to Engine
oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified technician.
Battery voltage gauge
This gauge shows the battery
voltage when the ignition is in the
ON position. If the pointer moves
and stays outside the normal
operating range (as indicated), have
the vehicle’s electrical system
checked as soon as possible.
H
L
15
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
OFF
Foglamp control (if equipped)
Turn on the low-beam headlamps
and press the foglamp control to
activate the foglamps. The foglamp
control will illuminate when the
foglamps are on.
Press the foglamp control a second time to deactivate the foglamps.
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the engine must be running and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL) System
does not activate your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to activate.
16
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
• Rotate to full down position to
turn off.
DIM
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Heater only system (if equipped)
OFF
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
17
Controls and features
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle. On
heater-only systems, the air cannot
be cooled below the outside
temperature.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
•
•
•
•
•
•
OFF
(Vent)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers.
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating. Distributes outside air
through the floor ducts.
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the floor
ducts and the windshield defroster ducts.
(Defrost)-Distributes outside air through the windshield
defroster ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will help to prevent
your windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats (if equipped).
18
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
19
Controls and features
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except
and
. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or above.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle
faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This mode
can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX A/C
but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
(Vent)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
•
registers. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
20
Controls and features
•
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full
hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts
will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the instrument panel
registers.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
•
through the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
•
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the
windshield defroster ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air
conditioning capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control knob is anywhere in
between the full hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through
the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the
instrument panel registers. If the temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or
higher, the air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to
prevent fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts.
•
It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will prevent your
windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats (if equipped).
21
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
4WD CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
This control operates the 4WD.
Refer to the Driving chapter for
more information.
22
2WD
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Controls and features
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
SEEK
TUNE
1
2
3
4
AM-FM
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
The auxiliary power point is located on the instrument panel. This outlet
should be used in place of the cigarette lighter for optional electrical
accessories.
PASSENGER AIR BAG ON/OFF SWITCH
This switch must be used to
deactivate the passenger air bag
whenever a child seat is used in the
right front or center front passenger
seat position. Refer to Passenger
air bag ON/OFF switch in the
Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
23
Controls and features
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
AM/FM Stereo
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
1
2
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
3
4
AM/FM
VOL
PUSH
ON
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH
ON
24
Controls and features
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio mode.
AM/FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
25
Controls and features
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with four station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to four preset AM stations and eight
FM stations (four in FM1 and four in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
With the electronic stereo radio,
press the TONE control once, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
level.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
With the electronic stereo radio,
press the TONE control twice, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
level.
26
3
4
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
Controls and features
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
With the electronic stereo radio,
press the TONE control three times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the level.
Speaker fade adjust (if equipped)
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
With the electronic stereo radio,
press the TONE control four times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the level.
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press:
TONE
CLK
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
27
Controls and features
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press:
TONE
CLK
•
•
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
AM/FM stereo cassette
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM1
BASS
CLK
ST
TREB
BAL
FADE
FM
SEEK
SCAN
SIDE
REW
EJ
TUNE
1
28
2
3
4
5
6
TAPE
AMS
1-2
FF
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and tape modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
AM control to select from AM selections, and press the FM control to
select from FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
29
Controls and features
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio
mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
30
Controls and features
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM or the FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
31
Controls and features
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
Tape select
• To enter tape mode while in radio
mode, press the TAPE AMS
control.
CLK
TAPE
AMS
Automatic Music Search
The Automatic Music Search feature
allows you to quickly locate the
beginning of the tape selection
being played or to skip to the next
selection.
32
CLK
TAPE
AMS
Controls and features
To activate the feature, momentarily depress the TAPE AMS button.
Then, press either REW (for the beginning of the current selection) or
FF (to advance to the next selection). The tape deck stops and returns
to play mode when the AMS circuit senses a blank section on the tape.
In order to ensure proper operation of the AMS feature, the tape MUST
have a blank section of at least 4 seconds duration between programs.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
SIDE 1 - 2
mode.
REW FF
To rewind in tape mode, press the
REW control. Radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped (with the FF control or the AM/FM
control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape mode.
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt reduces
4
the amount of hiss and static during
tape playback.
Press the
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolbyt noise reduction.
33
Controls and features
The noise reduction system is manufactured under license from Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press:
CLK
TAPE
AMS
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press:
CLK
TAPE
AMS
•
•
34
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Controls and features
AM/FM Stereo / Single CD Radio
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM
FM1
BASS
SCN
ST
TREB
BAL
FADE
CD
CLK
DISC
SEEK
EJ
TUNE
COMP
1
2
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
4
5
6
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
35
Controls and features
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and CD modes.
AM
FM
CD
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio or CD mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
36
SEEK
TUNE
Controls and features
• Press
to find the next listenable station up the frequency band.
Seek function in CD mode
• Press
to listen to the next
selection.
to listen to the previous
• Press
selection.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio or
CD mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with four or six station memory preset controls.
These controls can be used to select up to four or six preset AM stations
and eight or twelve FM stations (four to six in FM1 and four to six in
FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
37
Controls and features
1
2
3
4
5
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
38
6
Controls and features
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
CD select
• To begin CD play (if CD[s] are
loaded), press the CD control.
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. After that, CD play
will begin where it stopped last.
CD
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
CD.
EJ
AM
FM
Compression feature
Compression adjust brings soft and
COMP
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate and deactivate compression adjust.
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press:
SCN
CLK
39
Controls and features
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press:
SCN
CLK
•
•
40
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Controls and features
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD/Premium Sound
DISC
VOL - PUSH ON
EJ
FM 1
AMC
BL
AM
ST
MUTE
RF
FM
EJ
DOLBY B NR
TAPE
CD
AUTO
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
BASS
TREB
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Audio power can also be turned on
by pressing the AM/FM select
control or the tape/CD select
control. Audio power is turned off
by using the volume/power control.
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
SEL
4
BAL
CLK
FADE
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
41
Controls and features
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD changer mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next
• Press
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold for quick
movement.
42
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Controls and features
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to select the previous
SEEK
SEEK
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
TUNE
disc unless the CD changer is in
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information.
Hold the control to continue
reversing through the remaining
discs.
to select the next disc
• Press
in the CD changer. Hold the control to fast-forward through the
remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
43
Controls and features
Seek function for CD or CD changer
• Press
to seek to the previous
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you
press
, the CD changer will
replay that selection from the
beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the
next track of the current disc.
After the last track has been
completed, the first track of the
current disc will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
44
Controls and features
Setting memory preset stations
AM
FM
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
CLK
If there are less than six strong
stations available on the frequency
band, the remaining memory preset
controls will all store the last strong station available.
These stations are temporarily stored in the memory preset controls
(until deactivated) and are accessed in the same manner of your original
presets.
45
Controls and features
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control then press:
•
to decrease the bass output
and
•
to increase the bass output.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TREB control then press:
•
to decrease the treble output
and
•
to increase the treble output.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
46
BASS
TREB
SEL
BASS
TREB
SEL
BAL
FADE
Controls and features
Press the BAL control then press:
to shift sound to the left and
•
to shift sound to the right.
•
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control then press:
•
to shift the sound to the
front and
to shift the sound to the rear.
•
SEL
BAL
FADE
SEL
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
TAPE
CD
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if CD(s) are
loaded), press the CD control.
TAPE
CD
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. If returning from
radio or tape mode, CD play will begin where it stopped last.
With the dual media audio system, press the CD control to toggle
between single CD and CD changer play (if equipped).
47
Controls and features
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control rewinds the CD within the
current track.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD modes.
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control fast forwards the CD within the
current track.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
Eject function
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a tape.
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a CD.
Dolby noise reduction
Dolby noise reduction reduces the
amount of hiss and static during
tape playback. Press the control to
activate (and deactivate) the noise
reduction.
48
SIDE 1-2
3
EJ
EJ
4
Controls and features
Dolby noise reduction manufactured under license from Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolby” and the double-D symbol
are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Compression adjust
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
COMP
5
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
mode and plays all tracks on the
6
current disc in random order. If
equipped with the CD changer, the
shuffle feature continues to the next
disc after all tracks on the current disc are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press SEEK:
AUTO
CLK
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
49
Controls and features
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press TUNE:
AUTO
CLK
to decrease minutes and
•
to increase minutes.
•
If your vehicle has a separate clock
module, (other than the digital radio
display), the CLK button will not
function in the above manner.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
The CLK button will allow you to
switch between media display mode
AUTO
(radio station, stereo information,
etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media
CLK
information will display for ten
seconds, when the radio is turned
on, and then revert to clock
information. Anytime that the media is changed, (new radio station,
etc.), the media information will again display for ten seconds before
reverting back to the clock. In media mode, the media information will
always be displayed.
50
Controls and features
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
EJ
MUTE
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
CD changer (if equipped)
The CD changer is located behind the driver’s seat in your vehicle.
Slide the door to access the CD
changer magazine.
Press
to eject the magazine.
51
Controls and features
Make sure only one disc is inserted
in each slot. Each disc must be
inserted with the label surface
upward. Depending on your system,
you may insert up to six or ten CDs.
COMPACT
DIGITAL AUDIO
6
5
4
3 6 COMPACT DISC MAGAZINE
2
1
The magazine does not need to be
full for the changer to operate.
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in the changer. The
magazine may be stored in the glove compartment when not being used.
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with the radio power off.
Troubleshooting the CD player
The laser beam used in the compact disc player is harmful to the
eyes. Do not attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing badly scratched discs or
the disc may be dirty. Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage
the player.
If player does not work:
• The disc is inserted with the label surface downward.
• The disc is dusty or defective.
52
Controls and features
• The player’s internal temperature is above 75°C (167°F). Allow the
player to cool down before operating.
• A disc with format and dimensions not within industry standards is
inserted.
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe the center out to the
edge. Do not use circular motion.
CD and CD player care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not insert more than one disc at a time.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
• After playing, store the disc in its case.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after ten to
twelve hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
53
Controls and features
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Communications (CRTC) establish the
frequencies AM and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable
frequencies are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.9, 88.1–107.1, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
54
Controls and features
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
accessories such as the radio to
4
operate while the engine is not
3
running.
5
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
automatic transmission gearshift
2
lever and allows key removal.
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
1
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
55
Controls and features
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
56
Controls and features
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/SET
ACC/SET ACCEL. Release the
control when the desired vehicle
RSM
speed is reached or
SET
• Press and release SET/SET
ACC
ACC/SET ACCEL. Each press will
increase the set speed by 1.6
COAST
km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and release SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
57
Controls and features
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET/SET
ACC/SET ACCEL.
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
58
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal or
• Depress the clutch pedal
(if equipped)
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
59
Controls and features
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
Indicator light (if equipped)
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET ACC/SET ACCEL or
RES/RSM/RESUME controls are
CONT
pressed. It turns off when the speed
control OFF control is pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is
turned to the OFF position.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts to second, third and
fourth gear.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
The transmission will operate in
gears one through three. To return
to normal overdrive mode, press the
Transmission Control Switch again.
The TCIL will no longer be
illuminated.
60
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
ON/OFF
Controls and features
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
automatically return to normal
(Overdrive) mode.
TILT STEERING (IF EQUIPPED)
Pull the steering control toward you
to move the steering wheel up or
down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control to
lock the steering wheel in position.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard flasher in
the Roadside emergencies chapter.
61
Controls and features
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle. The
washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
62
Controls and features
One touch down
• Press AUTO completely down and
release quickly. The window will
open fully. Depress again to stop
window operation.
AUTO
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press the top of the control to
unlock all doors and the bottom to
lock all doors.
UNLOCK
LOCK
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS (IF EQUIPPED)
To adjust your mirrors:
to adjust the left mirror or
to adjust the right mirror.
1. Select
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
63
Controls and features
CENTER CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a
variety of console features. These
include:
• utility compartment with
cassette/compact disc storage
• cupholders
• coin holder slots
• flip up armrest
• removable utility bag
(if equipped)
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard objects can injure you
in a collision.
CARGO AREA FEATURES
Cargo area shade (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with notches in the side trim panels that
are used for a cargo area shade. See your dealer for more information.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
64
Controls and features
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm all doors are closed and
locked, press the control a second
time within five seconds. The doors
will lock again, the horn will chirp
and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are ajar, the horn
will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close all
doors.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
65
Controls and features
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating
range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
66
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s transmitters
to your dealer if service is required.
If you purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed), perform the following
procedure:
To reprogram the transmitters
yourself, place the key in the
ignition and turn from OFF to ON
eight times in rapid succession
(within 10 seconds) ending in ON. After doors lock/unlock, press any
control on all transmitters (up to four). When completed, turn the
ignition to OFF. The doors will lock/unlock one last time to confirm
completion of program mode.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same time.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the RUN or ACC position. The dome lamp control (if
equipped) must not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated entry
system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 40 minutes after the
ignition has been turned to the OFF position.
67
Controls and features
SECURILOCKY PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system provides an advanced level of
vehicle theft protection. Your vehicle’s engine can only be started with
the two special SecuriLocky electronically coded keys provided with
your vehicle. Each time you start your vehicle, the SecuriLocky key is
read by the SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. If the SecuriLocky
key identification code matches the code stored in the SecuriLocky
passive anti-theft system, the vehicle’s engine is allowed to start. If the
SecuriLocky key identification code does not match the code stored in
the system or if a SecuriLocky key is not detected (vehicle theft
situation), the vehicle’s engine will not operate.
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is not compatible with
aftermarket remote start systems. Use of these systems may result in
vehicle starting problems and a loss of security protection. Large metallic
objects or devices such as the Mobil Speedpassy on the same key ring
as your SecuriLocky key may cause vehicle starting problems. These
objects and devices cannot damage the SecuriLocky key, but can cause
a momentary problem if they are too close to the key when starting the
engine. If a problem occurs. turn ignition off and restart the engine with
all other objects on the key ring held away from the SecuriLocky
ignition key.
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. Refer to
Programming spare SecuriLocky keys for more information.
If one or both of your SecuriLocky keys are lost or stolen and you want
to ensure the lost or stolen key will not operate your vehicle, bring your
vehicle and all available SecuriLocky keys to your dealership for
reinitialization.
68
Controls and features
Theft indicator
The theft indicator on the instrument cluster will operate as follows:
• When the ignition is OFF, the theft indicator will flash briefly every 2
seconds to indicate the SecuriLocky system is protecting your
vehicle.
• When the ignition is turned to RUN or START, the theft indicator will
light for 3 seconds and then go out. If the theft indicator stays on for
an extended period of time or flashes rapidly, have the system
serviced by your dealership or a qualified technician.
The Theft indicator is controlled by the SecuriLocky system. During
the 30 second prearm state, it is normal to see the theft indicator pulse
brighter behind the constant glow.
Programming spare SecuriLockY keys
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system (up to a
total of 8 keys). Your dealership can program your new SecuriLocky
key(s) to your vehicle or you can do it yourself using the following
simple procedure. To program a new SecuriLocky key yourself, you will
need two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys (keys that already
operate your vehicle’s engine). If two previously programmed
SecuriLocky keys are not available (one or both of your original keys
were lost or stolen), you must bring your vehicle to your dealership to
have the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
69
Controls and features
Procedure to program spare SecuriLockY keys to your vehicle
New SecuriLocky keys must have the correct mechanical key cut for
your vehicle.
Conventional (non-SecuriLocky) keys cannot be programmed to your
vehicle.
You will need to have two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys and
the new unprogrammed SecuriLocky key readily accessible for the
procedure. Please read and understand the entire procedure before you
begin.
1. Insert the first previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the
ignition and turn the ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in
RUN for at least one second).
2. Turn ignition to OFF and remove the first SecuriLocky key from the
ignition.
3. Within five seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the second
previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in RUN for at least one
second but no more than 5 seconds).
4. Turn the ignition to OFF and remove the second SecuriLocky key
from the ignition.
5. Within 10 seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the
unprogrammed SecuriLocky key (new key) into the ignition and turn
the ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in RUN for at least one
second). This step will program your new SecuriLocky key.
6. To program additional SecuriLocky key(s), repeat this procedure from
step 1.
If the programming procedure was successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will start the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator (located on the
instrument cluster) will light for three seconds and then go out.
If the programming procedure was not successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will not operate the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator will flash
on and off. Wait at least one minute and then repeat the procedure from
step 1. If failure repeats, bring your vehicle to your dealership to have
the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
70
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
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Seating and safety restraints
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
Using the manual lumbar support
Turn the lumbar support control
clockwise to increase firmness.
Turn the lumbar support control
counterclockwise to increase
softness.
REAR SEATS
Center facing jump seat (2 door SuperCab) (if equipped)
To open, pull inboard and down on the seat handle.
To stow the seat, pull seat bottom back to the fully upright position.
Do not install a child seat in a center facing jump seat.
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Seating and safety restraints
Center facing jump seat (4 door SuperCab)(if equipped)
To open, pull seat assembly down,
then raise seatback.
To stow the seat, fold seat back
down and raise seat assembly to the
fully upright position.
Do not install a child seat in
a center facing jump seat.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To prevent the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
73
Seating and safety restraints
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm. 2)
Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside shoulder.
3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
On four-door SuperCab vehicles, do not open the rear door when
the rear seat belt is still buckled.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are combination lap
and shoulder belts. The front passenger outboard safety belt has two
types of locking modes described below:
74
Seating and safety restraints
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of 8
km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will lock to help
reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Refer to Safety
Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for Children later in this
chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
75
Seating and safety restraints
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
• This vehicle has a seat belt system with an energy management
feature at the front seating positions to help further reduce the risk of
injury in the event of a head-on collision.
• This seat belt system has a retractor assembly that is designed to pay
out webbing in a controlled manner. This feature is designed to help
reduce the belt force acting on the occupant’s chest.
After any vehicle collision, the seat belt system at all outboard
seating positions (except driver, which has no “automatic locking
retractor” feature) must be checked by a qualified technician to verify
that the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is still
functioning properly, in addition to other checks for proper seat belt
system function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
the seat belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
any other seat belt function is not operating properly when checked
according to the procedures in Workshop Manual.
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Seating and safety restraints
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor assembly could
increase the risk of injury in collisions.
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the shoulder belt so the belt rests across
the middle of your shoulder.
• Regular Cab and 4–door Super
Cab
• 2–door SuperCab
77
Seating and safety restraints
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
control down. To raise the height of
the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjuster assembly to make sure it is
locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt
height adjuster so that the
belt rests across the middle of
your shoulder. Failure to adjust
the safety belt properly could
reduce the effectiveness of the
safety belt and increase the risk of
injury in a collision.
Lap belts
Adjusting the front center seat lap belt (if equipped)
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
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Seating and safety restraints
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
Adjusting the rear center facing jump seat lap belt (if equipped)
The lap belts for rear center facing jump seat occupants have automatic
retractors for the belt tongue and a fixed position buckle.
To fasten the belt, pull the belt all
the way across your hips and insert
the tongue into the buckle on your
rear door until you hear a snap and
feel it latch. Make sure the buckle is
securely fastened by pulling on the tongue.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
If you need to lengthen the belt, unfasten it and repeat the procedure
above.
To unfasten the belt, push in the release button prior to opening the rear
door.
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Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the indicator
light is illuminated and the
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
80
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates for one to two minutes and
the warning chime sounds for four to
eight seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The safety belt warning light and
indicator chime remain off.
Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies (slide bar)(if equipped), shoulder belt height adjusters (if
equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
60 70
50
80
100
20
E
L
90
120
60
30
H
10
ABS
80
0 0 0
40
CHECK
ENGINE
F
140
000000
40
160
H
H
110
km/h 120
MPH
P
100
180
20
R
N D 2 1
L
BRAKE
!
P
SPEED
CONT
O/D
OFF
L
SEEK
OFF
TUNE
RSM
ON
SET
ACC
OFF
2
1
3
4
AM-FM
COAST
SRS
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
81
Seating and safety restraints
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle including the driver should always
properly wear their safety belts even when air bag SRS is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always use appropriate child restraints.
NHTSA recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (ten
[10] inches) between an occupant’s chest and the air bag
module.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the airbag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
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Seating and safety restraints
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly restrained. Failure to follow these
instructions may increase the risk of injury in a collision.
An infant in a rear-facing seat faces a high risk of serious or fatal
injuries from a deploying passenger air bag. Rear facing infant
seats should NEVER be placed in the front seats, unless the passenger
air bag is turned off. See Passenger air bag ON/OFF switch.
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are
designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover,
side-impact, or rear-impacts.
83
Seating and safety restraints
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, it may also
cause minor burns, abrasions, swelling or temporary hearing loss.
Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable force, there
is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures, facial and eye
injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who are not
properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time of air bag
deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be properly
restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is inflated, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors, passenger air bag deactivation
switch and diagnostic monitor (RCM)
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The RCM (restraints control module) monitors its own internal circuits
and the supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the
passenger air bag deactivation switch, the impact sensors, the system
wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air bag back up power and
the air bag ignitors).
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses readiness lights in the instrument cluster and the
passenger air bag deactivate switch or a tone to indicate the condition of
the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness section in the
Instrumentation chapter or Passenger air bag deactivate switch
section in this chapter. Routine maintenance of the air bag is not
required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness lights will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness lights will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
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Seating and safety restraints
Passenger air bag ON/OFF switch
An air bag ON/OFF switch
has been installed in this
vehicle. Before driving, always
look at the face of the switch to
be sure the switch is in the proper
position in accordance with these
instructions and warnings. Failure
to put the switch in a proper
position can increase the risk of
serious injury or death in a
collision.
Turning the passenger air bag off
1. Insert the ignition key, turn the
switch to OFF and remove the key.
2. When the ignition is turned to the
ON position the OFF light
illuminates briefly, momentarily
shuts off and then turns back on.
This indicates that the passenger air
bag is deactivated.
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
If the light fails to illuminate when the passenger air bag
ON/OFF switch is in the OFF position and the ignition switch is
in ON, have the passenger air bag switch serviced at your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer immediately.
In order to avoid inadvertent deployment of the passenger air
bag, always remove the ignition key from the passenger air bag
ON/OFF switch.
86
Seating and safety restraints
Turning the passenger air bag back on
The passenger air bag remains OFF until you turn it back ON.
1. Insert the ignition key and turn
the switch to ON.
ON
OFF
2. The OFF light will briefly
illuminate when the ignition is
OFF
turned to ON. This indicates that
the passenger air bag is operational.
PASSENGER AIRBAG
If the light is illuminated when the passenger air bag ON/OFF
switch is in the ON position and the ignition switch is in ON,
have the passenger air bag ON/OFF switch serviced at your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer immediately.
The passenger side air bag should always be ON (the air bag OFF light
should not be illuminated) unless the passenger is a person who meets
the requirements stated either in Category 1, 2 or 3 of the
NHTSA/Transport Canada deactivation criteria which follows.
The safety belts for the driver and right front passenger seating
positions have been specifically designed to function together
with the air bags in certain types of crashes. When you turn OFF your
air bag, you not only lose the protection of the air bag, you also may
reduce the effectiveness of your safety belt system, which was
designed to work with the air bag. If you are not a person who meets
the requirements stated in the NHTSA/Transport Canada deactivation
criteria turning OFF the air bag can increase the risk of serious injury
or death in a collision.
Always transport children who are 12 and younger in the rear
seat. Always use safety belts and child restraints properly. If a
child in a rear facing infant seat must be transported in front, the
passenger air bag must be turned OFF. This is because the back of the
infant seat is too close to the inflating air bag and the risk of a fatal
injury to the infant when the air bag inflates is substantial.
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Seating and safety restraints
The vast majority of drivers and passengers are much safer with an air
bag than without. To do their job and reduce the risk of life threatening
injuries, air bags must open with great force, and this force can pose a
potentially deadly risk in some situations, particularly when a front seat
occupant is not properly buckled up. The most effective way to reduce
the risk of unnecessary air bag injuries without reducing the overall
safety of the vehicle is to make sure all occupants are properly
restrained in the vehicle, especially in the front seat. This provides the
protection of safety belts and permits the air bags to provide the
additional protection they were designed to provide. If you choose to
deactivate your air bag, you are losing the very significant risk reducing
benefits of the air bag and you are also reducing the effectiveness of the
safety belts, because safety belts in modern vehicles are designed to
work as a safety system with the air bags.
Read all air bag Warning labels in the vehicle as well as the other
important air bag instructions and Warnings in this Owner’s Guide.
NHTSA deactivation criteria (excluding Canada)
1. Infant. An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat
because:
• the vehicle has no rear seat;
• the vehicle has a rear seat too small to accommodate a rear-facing
infant seat; or
• the infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant’s
physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front so that
the driver can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
2. Child age 1 to 12. A child age 1 to 12 must ride in the front seat
because:
• the vehicle has no rear seat;
• although children ages 1 to 12 ride in the rear seat(s) whenever
possible, children ages 1 to 12 sometimes must ride in the front
because no space is available in the rear seat(s) of the vehicle; or
• the child has a medical condition which, according to the child’s
physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so
that the driver can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
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Seating and safety restraints
3. Medical condition. A passenger has a medical condition which,
according to his or her physician:
• causes the passenger air bag to pose a special risk for the passenger;
and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger air bag in a crash
greater than the potential harm from turning OFF the air bag and
allowing the passenger, even if belted, to hit the dashboard or
windshield in a crash.
This vehicle has special energy management safety belts for the
driver and/or right front passenger. These particular belts are
specifically designed to work with air bags to help reduce the risk of
injury in a collision. The energy management safety belt is designed to
give or release additional belt webbing in some accidents to reduce
concentration of force on an occupant’s chest and reduce the risk of
certain bone fractures and injuries to underlying organs. In a crash, if
the air bag is turned OFF, this energy management safety belt might
permit the person wearing the belt to move forward enough to incur a
serious or fatal injury. The more severe the crash, and the heavier the
occupant, the greater the risk is. Be sure the air bag is turned ON for
any person who does not qualify under the NHTSA deactivation
criteria.
Transport Canada deactivation criteria (Canada Only)
1. Infant: An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat
because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• the rear seat in my vehicle cannot accommodate a rear-facing infant
seat; or
• the infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant’s
physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front so that
the driver can monitor the infant’s condition.
2. Child age 12 or under: A child age 12 or under must ride in the
front seat because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• although children age 12 and under ride in the rear seat whenever
possible, children age 12 and under have no option but to sometimes
ride in the front because rear seat space is insufficient; or
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Seating and safety restraints
• the child has a medical condition that, according to the child’s
physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so
that the driver can monitor the child’s condition.
3. Medical condition: A passenger has a medical condition that,
according to his or her physician:
• poses a special risk for the passenger if the air bag deploys; and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger air bag in a crash
greater than the potential harm from turning OFF the air bag and
experiencing a crash without the protection offered by the air bag
This vehicle has special energy management safety belts for the
driver and/or right front passenger. These particular belts are
specifically designed to work with air bags to help reduce the risk of
injury in a collision. The energy management safety belt is designed to
give or release additional belt webbing in some accidents to reduce
concentration of force on an occupant’s chest and reduce the risk of
certain bone fractures and injuries to underlying organs. In a crash, if
the air bag is turned OFF, this energy management safety belt might
permit the person wearing the belt to move forward enough to incur a
serious or fatal injury. The more severe the crash, and the heavier the
occupant, the greater the risk is. Be sure the air bag is turned ON for
any person who does not qualify under the Transport Canada
deactivation criteria.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
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Seating and safety restraints
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, place children in the rear seat of your vehicle. Accident
statistics suggest that children are safer when properly restrained in the
rear seating positions than in the front seating positions.
Do not install a child seat in a center facing jump seat.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
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Seating and safety restraints
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position.
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure
the tongue is securely fastened in
the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safety
seat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,
to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
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Seating and safety restraints
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions)(if equipped).
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all
the way back.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. Child seats
should never be placed in the front seats, unless passenger air
bag switch is turned off, See Passenger air bag deactivation switch.
Rear facing child seats should NEVER be placed in the front
seats.
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Seating and safety restraints
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear and feel the latch engage.
Make sure the tongue is latched
securely by pulling on it.
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Seating and safety restraints
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
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Seating and safety restraints
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
In SuperCabs equipped with Center Facing Jump Seats, the tether strap
anchor bracket should be installed only at the center of the cab’s back
panel with the child seat in the front center seating position. Installing
an anchor bracket at the right rear of the cab may increase risk of injury
to an occupant of the right rear center facing jump seat in the event of a
collision or a sudden stop. If a tether child seat is installed in the right
front seating position, secure the tether strap to the webbing of the
buckled right rear lap belt.
You can attach a tether strap anchor bracket to the cab inner back panel
by using a tether anchor kit (613D20) available at no charge from any
Ford dealer.
Do not install a child seat in a center facing jump seat.
Tether anchorage hardware
Tether anchorage hardware kits (part number 613D20) including
instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
96
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system. This system meets
all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard requirements
regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
97
Starting
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten
minutes at high engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
If starting a vehicle with an automatic transmission:
• Make sure the parking brake is
set.
•
If
•
•
Make sure the gearshift is in P (Park).
starting a vehicle with a manual transmission:
Make sure the parking brake is set.
Push the clutch pedal to the
floor.
98
Starting
3. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
3
5
2
1
60 70
50
CHECK
ENGINE
F
H
80
100
30
10
140
000000
40
160
110
km/h 120
MPH
R
N D 2 1
L
!
ABS
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
F
6
30
20
1
ABS
50
40
RPMx1000
80
0 0 0
80
10
0
BRAKE
P
40
O/D
OFF
60 70
100
90
120
60
!
E
5
2
C
<FUEL DOOR
FUEL
RESET
L
SPEED
CONT
BRAKE
CHECK
ENGINE
H
H
100
180
20
P
L
90
120
60
20
E
80
0 0 0
40
140
000000
20
MPH
R N D 2 1
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
THEFT
H
SPEED
CONT
L
4WD
HIGH
H
4WD
LOW
L
O/D
OFF
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
light will not illuminate.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
99
Starting
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
4 (ON).
4
3
5
2
1
2. If the temperature is above –12°C (10°F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first try, turn the key to OFF, wait ten
seconds and try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12°C (10°F) and the engine does not
start in fifteen seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait ten
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts,
depress the accelerator and start the engine while holding the
accelerator down to the floor. Release the accelerator when the engine
starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below. Your engine block heater also comes with a battery
warmer. The battery warmer wraps around the battery and keeps the
battery warm when the engine block heater is plugged in.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
100
Starting
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
101
Starting
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
102
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the “Service Guide” for
scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Rear anti-lock brake system (RABS)
Rear Anti-lock Brake System (RABS) is standard equipment on this
vehicle. RABS is designed to help you maintain directional stability in
emergency stopping situations. With RABS, the rear brakes are kept from
locking during panic stops; however, the front wheels can lock because
they are not controlled by RABS.
A clicking noise and slight pedal pulsation during RABS braking events
indicates the RABS is functioning. Pedal pulsation coupled with clicking
noise while braking under panic conditions on loose gravel, wet or snowy
roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s RABS. If
the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel
while braking, the vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
The RABS operates by detecting the onset of rear wheel lockup during
brake applications and compensating for this tendency.
RABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster illuminates if a RABS
fault is detected. Have your vehicle serviced as soon as possible.
Normal braking is still effective
unless the BRAKE warning lamp is
!
also illuminated.
BRAKE
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Driving
Using RABS
• In an emergency, applying full pressure may cause the front wheels to
lock. If the front brakes lock, the vehicle cannot be steered. You
should apply the brakes with steadily increasing force, as if
“squeezing” the brakes. If you feel the front wheels begin to lock,
momentarily release the pedal and repeat the “squeeze” technique.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with how the RABS
performs. However, avoid unnecessary risks.
Four-wheel anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder
in the steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be inspected by a
qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensating for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during
hard braking with loss of front braking traction.
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned on and the engine is off. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
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Driving
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
!
braking is still effective unless the
BRAKE
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately).
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous full force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
!
BRAKE
105
Driving
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or in 1 (First) (manual transmission).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
Pull the release lever to release the
brake. Driving with the parking
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn components in steering linkage
106
Driving
TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift from being moved from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is
depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park) with the brake pedal
depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift, it is
possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
107
Driving
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission (if equipped)
Understanding gearshift positions
Pull the gearshift lever towards you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift is securely latched
in P (Park). This position locks the
transmission and prevents the rear
wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park).
Never leave your vehicle unattended while it is running.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
108
Driving
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch on the end of the gearshift
lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in the
position. The O/D OFF indicator will illuminate on the instrument
cluster. Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive)
provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful when:
• driving with a heavy load
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Trailer Towing chapter.
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control switch.
To return to
The O/D OFF indicator will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
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Driving
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low)
at higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
Driving with a 5–speed automatic transmission (if equipped)
Understanding gearshift positions
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
Pull the gearshift lever towards you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into or out of P
(Park). Make sure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park). This
position locks the transmission and
prevents the rear wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park).
Never leave your vehicle unattended while it is running.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
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Driving
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through five.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch on the end of the gearshift
lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in the
position. The TCIL will illuminate on the instrument cluster.
Transmission operates in gears one through four.
(Drive) provides
more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful whenever driving
conditions (i.e., city traffic, hilly terrain, etc.) cause the transmission to
excessively shift between
(Overdrive) and
(Drive). Also deactivate
(Overdrive) when:
• driving with a heavy load
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Trailer Towing chapter.
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control switch.
To return to
The TCIL will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
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Driving
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades. Transmission operates
in third gear.
1 (First)
Use 1 (First) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low)
at higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear and will
shift to 1 (First) after the vehicle decelerates to the proper vehicle
speed.
Forced Downshifts
To gain acceleration in
(Overdrive) or Drive (O/D OFF) when passing
another vehicle, push the accelerator to the floor. The transmission will
downshift to the appropriate gear: fourth, third, second or first gear.
Driving a manual transmission (if equipped)
Using the clutch
Vehicles equipped with a manual
transmission have a starter interlock
that prevents cranking the engine
unless the clutch pedal is fully
depressed.
When starting a vehicle with a
manual transmission:
1. Hold down the brake pedal.
2. Depress the clutch pedal.
3. Put the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral).
4. Crank the engine and let it idle for a few seconds.
• Put the gearshift in 1 (First) or R (Reverse).
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Driving
5. Release the clutch slowly while pressing gradually down on the
accelerator pedal.
• Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal. Do not use
the clutch to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a hill.
These actions may reduce clutch life.
Parking
1. Apply the brake and shift into N
(Neutral).
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Shift into 1 (First).
4. Turn the ignition to Off.
Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedly
and injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake
fully.
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Driving
Recommended shift speeds
Upshifts when accelerating (for best fuel economy)
Transfer case position (if equipped)
Shift from:
4H
4L
1-2
14 km/h (10 mph)
5 km/h (4 mph)
2-3
32 km/h (22 mph)
11 km/h (9 mph)
3 -4
50 km/h (33 mph)
19 km/h (13 mph)
4 - 5 (Overdrive)
71 km/h (41 mph)
27 km/h (17 mph)
Upshifts when cruising (recommended for best fuel economy)
Transfer case position (if equipped)
Shift from:
4H
4L
1 -2
16 km/h (10 mph)
6 km/h (4 mph)
2-3
26 km/h (19 mph)
10 km/h (8 mph)
3-4
43 km/h (28 mph)
16 km/h (12 mph)
4 - 5 (Overdrive)
68 km/h (40 mph)
26 km/h (16 mph)
Maximum downshift speeds
Transfer case position (if equipped)
Shift from:
4H
4L
5 (Overdrive) - 4
88 km/h (55 mph)
34 km/h (22 mph)
4-3
72 km/h (45 mph)
34 km/h (18 mph)
3-2
56 km/h (35 mph)
21 km/h (14 mph)
2-1
32 km/h (20 mph)
11 km/h (8 mph)
Reverse
Ensure that the vehicle is at a complete stop before shifting into R
(Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transmission.
Put the gearshift into N and wait at least several seconds before shifting
into R.
You can shift into R (Reverse) only by moving the gearshift from left of 3
(Third) and 4 (Fourth) gears before you shift into R (Reverse). This is a
special lockout feature that protects you from accidentally shifting into R
(Reverse) when you downshift from 5 (Overdrive).
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Driving
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
When Four–wheel drive (4WD) is engaged, power is supplied to all four
wheels through a transfer case. 4WD power can be selected when
additional driving power is desired.
If equipped with the Electronic Shift 4WD System, and the
instrument panel control is moved to 4WD Low while the vehicle
is moving, the system will not engage and no damage will occur to
the 4WD system.
All utility-type vehicles and 4WD vehicles have special design and
equipment features to make them capable of performing in a wide
variety of off-road applications. Specific design characteristics give them
higher centers of gravity than ordinary passenger cars.
Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not designed for
cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more than
low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers in these
vehicles.
4WD operation is not recommended on dry pavement. Doing so could
result in difficult disengagement of the transfer case, increased tire wear
and decreased fuel economy.
4WD system indicator lights
The 4WD system indicator lights illuminate only under the following
conditions. If these lights illuminate during normal driving, have your
vehicle serviced.
• 4WD HIGH -illuminates when
the ignition is turned on or when
4H (4WD High) is engaged.
4WD
HIGH
• 4WD LOW –illuminates when the
ignition is turned on or when 4L
(4WD Low) is engaged.
4WD
LOW
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Driving
Using the electronic shift 4WD system (if equipped)
Positions of the electronic shift system
2WD (2WD High) – Power to rear axle only.
4X4 HIGH (4WD High) – Power delivered to front and rear axles for
increased traction.
4X4 LOW (4WD Low) – Power to front and rear axles at low speeds.
Shifting from 2WD (2WD high) to 4X4 HIGH (4WD high)
Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
HIGH position.
4X4
4X4
HIGH
LOW
2WD
At temperatures below 0°C (32°F),
shifts from 2WD to 4X4 HIGH
should not be performed above 72
km/h (45 mph).
• Do not shift into 4X4 HIGH with
the rear wheels slipping.
Shifting from 4X4 HIGH (4WD high) to 2WD (2WD high)
Move the 4WD control to 2WD
4X4
position at any forward speed. You
4X4
HIGH
LOW
2WD
do not need to put the gearshift in
R (Reverse) to disengage your front
hubs.
Shifting from 2WD (2WD high) to 4X4 LOW (4WD low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral) (automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
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Driving
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
LOW position.
2WD
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Shifting from 4X4 LOW (4WD low) to 2WD (2WD high)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral) (automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
4. Move the 4WD control to the
2WD position.
4X4
2WD
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Shifting between 4X4 HIGH (4WD high) and 4X4 LOW (4WD low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral) (automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
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Driving
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
HIGH or 4X4 LOW position.
2WD
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Driving off-road with 4WD
Your vehicle is specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and has operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. For more
information on driving off-road, read the “Four Wheeling” supplement in
your owner’s portfolio.
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck it may be rocked out by shifting from forward and
reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady pattern. Press lightly
on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine can
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
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Driving
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Do not reduce the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
Mud and water
If you must drive through high water, drive slowly. Traction or brake
capability may be limited.
When driving through water, determine the depth; avoid water higher
than the bottom of the hubs (if possible) and proceed slowly. If the
ignition system gets wet, the vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to rotating driveshafts,
halfshafts and tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts
causes an imbalance that could damage drive components.
If the transmission, transfer case or front axle are submerged in water,
their fluids should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the transmission may damage the
transmission.
Replace rear axle lubricant any time the axle has been submerged in
water. The rear axle does not normally require a lubricant change for the
life of the vehicle. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or
changed unless a leak is suspected or repair is required.
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
When driving on a hill, avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes. You could lose traction and slip sideways. Drive straight up,
straight down or avoid the hill completely. Know the conditions on the
other side of a hill before driving over the crest.
When climbing a steep hill, start in a lower gear rather than downshifting
to a lower gear from a higher gear once the ascent has started. This
reduces strain on the engine and the possibility of stalling.
When descending a steep hill, avoid sudden braking. Shift to a lower gear
when added engine braking is desired.
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Driving
When speed control is on and you are driving uphill, your vehicle speed
may drop considerably, especially if you are carrying a heavy load.
If vehicle speed drops more than 16 km/h (10 mph), the speed control
will cancel automatically. Resume speed with accelerator pedal.
If speed control cancels after climbing the hill, reset speed by pressing
and holding the SET ACCEL button to resume speeds over 50 km/h (30
mph).
Automatic transmissions may shift frequently while driving up steep
grades. Eliminate frequent shifting by shifting out of
(Overdrive) into
D (Drive).
Driving on snow and ice
A 4WD vehicle has advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
When braking, apply the brakes as you normally would. In order to allow
the anti-lock brake system (ABS) to operate properly, keep steady
pressure on the brake pedal.
Allow more stopping distance and drive slower than usual. Consider
using one of the lower gears.
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
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Driving
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs.
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission is submerged
may allow water into the transmission and cause internal
transmission damage.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight : Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload : Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) : Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) : Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) : Carrying capacity for each
axle system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
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Driving
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating) : Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating : Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight : maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range : Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the Safety
Compliance Certification Label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of the driver’s door,
lists several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding
any additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding
weight to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added
to the cab), the weight added should not exceed the Front Axle Reserve
Capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front
axle reserve capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of passengers or amount of cargo carried).
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Driving
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the total weight
added is equal to or less than the Total Axle Reserve Capacity (TARC)
weight. You should NEVER exceed the Total Axle Reserve Capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both Gross Vehicle Weight and Front and Rear
Gross Axle Weight Rating limits. Under no circumstance should these
limitations be exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation
could result in serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle may tow a class I, II or III trailer provided the maximum
trailer weight is less than or equal to the maximum trailer weight listed
for your engine and rear axle ratio on the following charts.
Your vehicle’s load capacity is designated by weight, not by volume, so
you cannot necessarily use all available space when loading a vehicle.
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these
components carefully after any towing operation.
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Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 manual transmission)
Engine Rear Maximum
Maximum
Maximum frontal
axle GCWR-kg
trailer
area of trailer-m2
(ft2)
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.)
(0-maximum)
Regular Cab 4x2
2.5L 3.73 2 177 (4 800) 0-726 (0-1 600) Equal to frontal area
of base vehicle
2.5L 4.10 2 177 (4 800) 0-726 (0-1 600) Equal to frontal area
of base vehicle
3.0L 3.73 2 721 (6 000) 0-1 234 (0-2 720)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.55 3 175 (7 000) 0-1 660 (0-3 660)
4.64 (50)
SuperCab 4x2
2.5L 3.73 2 177 (4 800) 0-653 (0-1 440) Equal to frontal area
of base vehicle
2.5L 4.10 2 177 (4 800) 0-653 (0-1 440) Equal to frontal area
of base vehicle
3.0L 3.73 2 271 (6 000) 0-1 170 (0-2 580)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.55 3 175 (7 000) 0-1 597 (0-3 520)
4.64 (50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters (1 000
ft.) elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table see Vehicle Loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your particular
vehicle, see Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
Trailer tow table (4x4 manual transmission)
Engine Rear Maximum
Maximum
Maximum frontal
axle GCWR-kg
trailer
area of trailer-m2
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.)
(ft2)
Regular Cab
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Driving
Trailer tow table (4x4 manual transmission)
3.73 2 721 (6 000) 0-1 089 (0-2 400)
4.64 (50)
4.10 2 721 (6 000) 0-1 089 (0-2 400)
4.64 (50)
3.73 3 175 (7 000) 0-1 524 (0-3 360)
4.64 (50)
4.10 3175 (7 000) 0-1 524 (0-3 360)
4.64 (50)
SuperCab
3.0L 3.73 2 721 (6 000) 0-1 016 (0-2 240)
4.64 (50)
3.0L 4.10 2 721 (6 000) 0-1 016 (0-2 240)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.73 3 175 (7 000) 0-1 451 (0-3 200)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 4.10 3 175 (7 000) 0-1 451 (0-3 200)
4.64 (50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters (1 000
ft.) of elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table, see Vehicle loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your vehicle, see
Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
3.0L
3.0L
4.0L
4.0L
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Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 automatic transmission)
Engine Rear Maximum
Maximum
Maximum frontal
axle GCWR-kg
trailer
area of trailer-m2
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.)
(ft2)
(0-maximum)
Regular Cab 4x2
2.5L 4.10 2 494 (5 500) 0-1 016 (0-2 240) Equal to frontal area
of base vehicle
3.0L 3.73 3 401 (7 500) 0-1 814 (0-4 000)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.55 4 309 (9 500) 0-2 721 (0-6 000)
4.64 (50)
SuperCab 4x2
3.0L 3.73 3 401 (7 500) 0-1 814 (0-4 000)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.55 4 309 (9 500) 0-2 712 (0-5 980)
4.64 (50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters (1 000
ft.) elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table see Vehicle Loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your particular
vehicle, see Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
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Driving
Trailer tow table (4x4 automatic transmission)
Engine Rear Maximum
Maximum
Maximum frontal
axle GCWR-kg
trailer
area of trailer-m2
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.)
(ft2)
Regular Cab
3.0L 3.73 3 401 (7 500) 0-1 751 (0-3 860)
4.64 (50)
3.0L 4.10 3 628 (8 000) 0-1 978 (0-4 360)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.73 4 309 (9 500) 0-2 640 (0-5 820)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 4.10 4 309 (9 500) 0-2 640 (0-5 820)
4.64 (50)
SuperCab
3.0L 3.73 3 401 (7 500) 0-1 678 (0-3 700)
4.64 (50)
3.0L 4.10 3 628 (8 000) 0-1 905 (0-4 200)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.73 4 309 (9 500) 0-2 567 (5 660)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 4.10 4 309 (9 500) 0-2 567 (0-5 660)
4.64 (50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft.) of elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table, see Vehicle loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your vehicle, see
Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the Safety
Compliance Certification Label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight could result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal injury.
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Driving
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
For towing trailers up to 907 kg (2 000 lb), use a weight carrying hitch
and ball which uniformly distributes the trailer tongue loads through the
underbody structure. Use a frame-mounted weight distrubuting hitch for
trailers over 907 kg (2 000 lb).
Do not install a single or multi-clamp type bumper hitch, or a hitch
which attaches to the axle. Underbody mounted hitches are acceptable if
they are installed properly. Follow the towing instructions of a reputable
rental agency.
Whenever a trailer hitch and hardware are removed, make sure all
mounting holes in the underbody are properly sealed to prevent noxious
gases or water from entering.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the vehicle. To connect the
trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains under the trailer tongue and allow
slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type brakes are safe if
installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
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Driving
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Using a step bumper
The optional step bumper is equipped with an integral hitch and requires
only a ball with a 19 mm (3/4 inch) shank diameter. The bumper has a
907 kg (2 000 lb.) trailer weight and 91 kg (200 lb.) tongue weight
capability.
The rated capcities (as shown in this guide) for trailer towing with the
factory bumper are only valid when the trailer hitch ball is installed
directly into the ball hole in the bumper. Addition of bracketry to either
lower the ball hitch position or extend the ball hitch rearward will
significantly increase the loads on the bumper and its attachments. This
can result in the failure of the bumper or the bumper attachments. Use
of any type of hitch extensions should be considered abuse.
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when towing a trailer.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal transmission
damage and void your warranty coverage.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your maintenance guide and or
service guide for more information.
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Driving
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailer
weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmissions) or N (Neutral)
(manual transmissions). This aids engine cooling and air conditioner
efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (six inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions, reliability and
causing internal transmission damage.
Replace the rear axle lubricant anytime the axle has been submerged in
water. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or changed
unless a leak is suspected or repair required.
Disconnect the wiring to the trailer before backing the trailer into the
water. Reconnect the wiring to the trailer after the trailer is removed
from the water.
Recreational towing (all wheels on the ground)
Follow these guidelines for your specific powertrain combination to tow
your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground (such as behind a
recreational vehicle).
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Driving
These guidelines are designed to ensure that your transmission is not
damaged due to insufficient lubrication.
2WD (automatic transmissions)
• Release the parking brake and place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56 km/h (35 mph) must
be exceeded, you must disconnect the driveshaft. Mark the driveshaft
and axle flanges to ensure proper position when reconnecting the
driveshaft. Refer to the “Workshop Manual” for proper fastener torque
specifications.
When disconnecting/installing the driveshaft, the parking brake
must be set and the wheels blocked to ensure the vehicle does
not roll.
With the driveshaft disconnected, the maximum speed is 88 km/h (55
mph) and there are no mileage restrictions.
See your dealer for help with disconnecting the driveshaft.
2WD (manual transmissions)
• Release the parking brake and place the transmission in the neutral
position.
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is limited by towing equipment manufacturer’s
recommendation.
4WD – Electronic shift transfer case
• Release the parking brake and place transmission in the neutral
position.
• Shift the transfer case to 2H (2WD high).
Both the 4WD HIGH and 4WD LOW indicator lights in the instrument
cluster will be off when the 4WD control is in 2WD.
131
Driving
For automatic transmissions, maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph)
and maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
• If you must exceed the distance or 80 km (50 miles) and/or speed of
56 km/h (35 mph), you must remove the rear driveshaft. Mark the
driveshaft and axle flanges to ensure proper position when
reconnecting the driveshaft. Refer to the “Workshop Manual” for
proper fastener torque specifications.
When disconnecting/installing the driveshaft, the parking brake
must be set and the wheels blocked to ensure the vehicle does
not roll.
• When the driveshaft is disconnected, the maximum speed is 88 km/h
(55 mph) and the distance is unlimited.
For manual transmissions, maximum speed is 88 km/h (55 mph) and
distance is unlimited.
Limited vehicle operation, such as driving the vehicle at a campsite, can
be accomplished with the rear driveshaft removed by using the front
drive to propel the vehicle. To operate the vehicle in this condition, you
must follow these guidelines:
• Place the transfer case in 4WD by rotating the 4WD control to 4WD
HIGH.
• Drive the vehicle only on good surface roads to avoid excessive loads
on the front-wheel drive system.
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
• Avoid quick acceleration and steep grades.
To return the vehicle to a towable condition, you must place the transfer
case in 2WD by rotating the 4WD control to 2WD. Both the 4WD HIGH
and 4WD LOW indicator lights in the instrument cluster will be off when
the 4WD control is in 2WD.
In addition, it is recommended that you follow the instruction provided
by the manufacturer of the towing apparatus.
CAMPER BODIES
Your Ranger Pickup is not recommended for slide–in camper bodies.
132
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD LIGHTS CONTROL
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. The “Fuel Reset” indicator light
will illuminate in the instrument cluster. The shut-off switch is a device
intended to stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has been
involved in a substantial jolt.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
133
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot well,
behind the kick panel.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
15
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
134
Roadside emergencies
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
Fuse
Rating
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Mini Fuses
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
COLOR
Standard
Fuses
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Maxi Fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Fuse Link
Cartridge
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
—
Pink
Orange
Red
Yellow
Brown
Black
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located on the left
hand side of the instrument panel
facing the driver’s side door. Pull the
panel cover outward to access the
fuses.
135
Roadside emergencies
28
24
20
16
12
8
4
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
36
7
11
15
19
23
27
6
10
14
18
22
26
30
32
9
13
17
21
25
29
31
5
3
33
1
34
2
35
The fuses are coded as follows:
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
1
7.5A
Power Mirror Switch
2
7.5A
Blower Motor Relay, PAD Module, Air Bag
Diagnostic Monitor
3
7.5A
Left Stop/Turn Trailer Tow Connector
4
10A
Left Headlamp
5
10A
Data Link Connector (DLC)
6
—
Not Used
7
7.5A
Right Stop/Turn Trailer Tow Connector
8
10A
Right Headlamp, Fog Lamp Relay
9
7.5A
Brake Pedal Position Switch
136
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
10
7.5A
Speed Control Servo/Amplifier Assembly,
Generic Electronic Module (GEM), Shift Lock
Actuator, Blend Door Actuator, A/C-Heater
Assembly, Turn Signals
11
7.5A
Instrument Cluster, Daytime Running Lights
(DRL), RABS Resistor
12
—
Not Used
13
20A
Brake Pedal Position Switch
14
20A or 10A 20A: If equipped with Rear Anti-Lock Brake
System (RABS) Module.
10A: If equipped with 4 Wheel Anti-Lock
Brake System (4WABS) Module, 4WABS Main
Relay
15
7.5A
Air Bag Indicator Lamp, Alternator Indicator
Lamp
16
30A
Windshield Wiper Motor, Wiper Hi-Lo Relay,
Wiper Run/Park Relay
17
25A
Cigar Lighter
18
15A
Driver’s Unlock Relay, All-Unlock Relay,
All-Lock Relay
19
25A
PCM Power Diode
20
7.5A
RAP Module, Generic Electronic Module
(GEM), Radio
21
15A
Flasher (Hazard)
22
20A
Auxiliary Power Socket
23
—
Not Used
24
7.5A
Clutch Pedal Position (CPP) switch, Starter
Interrupt Relay, Anti-Theft
25
7.5A
Generic Electronic Module (GEM),
Instrument Cluster
26
10A
Battery Saver Relay, Electronic Shift Relay,
Interior Lamp Relay, Power Window Relay,
Electronic Shift Control Module, Dome/Map
Lamp, GEM
137
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
27
15A
Electric Shift, Backup Lamps, Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL), Transmission Control
Switch, Pulse Vacuum Hub Lock
28
7.5A
Generic Electronic Module (GEM), Radio
29
15A
Radio
30
10A
RABS Test Connector
31
—
Not Used
32
—
Not Used
33
15A
Headlamps, Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Module, Instrument Cluster
34
—
Not Used
35
15A
Park Lamp/Trailer Tow Relay
36
—
Not Used
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is
located in the engine compartment
near the battery. The power
distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems
from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
138
Roadside emergencies
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
6
1
1
2
14
5
5
4
1
7
10
3
4
8
7
8
3
11
12
2
15
2
6
10
2
3
4
9
13
14
13
11
12
1
9
5
1
175
MEGAFUSE
The high-current fuses are coded as follows:
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
1
50A**
I/P Fuse Panel
2
40A**
Blower Motor Relay
3
50A**
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
4
20A**
Power Windows
5
50A**
Ignition Switch, Starter Relay
1
10A*
A/C Relay
2
—
Not Used
3
20A*
Electronic Shift Relay and Electronic Shift
Control Module
4
15A*
Fog Lamp and Daytime Running Lamps
5
—
Not Used
139
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
6
10A*
Powertrain Control Module
7
30A*
4 Wheel Anti-lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
8
30A*
PCM Relay
9
20A*
Fuel Pump Relay and RAP Module
10
15A*
Horn Relay
11
15A*
Parklamps Relay and Main Light Switch
12
30A*
Main Light Switch and Multifunction Switch
13
15A*
Heated Oxygen Sensor, EGR Vacuum
Regulator, EVR Solenoid, Camshaft Position
Sensor (CMP), Canister Vent Solenoid
14
30A*
Generator Voltage Regulator
15
—
Not Used
1
—
Wiper Park Relay
2
—
A/C Relay
3
—
Wiper Hi/Lo Relay
4
—
PCM Power Relay
5
—
Fuel Pump Relay
6
—
Starter Relay
7
—
Horn Relay
8
—
Fog Lamp Control Relay
9
—
Blower Motor Relay
10
—
Foglamp Isolation Relay
11
—
Not Used
12
—
Not Used
13
—
Park Lamp/Trailer Tow Relay
14
—
Washer Pump Relay
1
—
RABS Resistor
1
—
RABS Diode
2
—
Electronic Engine Controls Diode
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
140
Roadside emergencies
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Temporary spare tire information
Your vehicle may have a temporary or conventional spare tire. The
temporary spare tire for your vehicle is labeled as such. It is smaller than
a regular tire and is designed for emergency use only. Replace this tire
with a full-size tire as soon as possible.
It is not recommended that the vehicle be operated in 4WD modes with
a temporary spare. If 4WD operation is necessary, do not operate above
speeds of 16 km/h (10 mph) or for distances above 80 km (50 miles).
If you use the temporary spare tire continuously or do not follow
these precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose control
of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or others.
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load rating listed on the
Safety Compliance Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of the vehicle’s reduced
ground clearance
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
Conventional spare tire information
If you have the conventional spare tire, you can use it as a spare or a
regular tire. The spare is identical to the other tires on your vehicle,
although the wheel may not match.
141
Roadside emergencies
Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Tool
Spare tire
Location
Under the vehicle, just forward of the rear
bumper
Jack, jack handle, Regular Cab: behind seats and underneath the
wheel nut wrench jack and tools cover
SuperCab: stowed in the passenger side rear cab
compartment or behind the jump seat in a
separate tool bag
Four-door models: stowed behind the front seats,
between jump seats and underneath jack and tool
covers.
Key, spare tire lock In the glove box
(if equipped)
Removing the spare tire
1. Assemble the jack handle to the lug wrench as shown in the
illustrations.
When connecting the jack handle, assemble the following:
• one handle extension and one
typical extension. To assemble,
slide parts together. To
disconnect, depress button and
pull apart.
• one wheel nut wrench. Depress
button and slide together.
142
Roadside emergencies
2. If equipped, unlock and remove
the spare tire carrier lock from the
rear access hole located just above
the rear bumper and below the
tailgate.
3. Insert the straight end of the jack
handle into the rear access hole
located just above the rear bumper
and below the tailgate.
Forward motion will stop and
resistance to turning will be felt
when properly engaged.
4. Turn the handle counterclockwise
until tire is lowered to the ground
and the cable is slightly slack.
5. Remove the retainer from the spare tire.
Stowing the spare
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the valve stem facing up.
2. Install the retainer through the
wheel center and slide the wheel
under the vehicle.
3. Turn the spare handle clockwise
until the tire is raised to its original
position underneath the vehicle. The
spare handle ratchets when the tire
is raised to the stowed position. It
will not allow you to overtighten.
143
Roadside emergencies
4. If your vehicle is equipped with P265/75 R15 AT tires, do not stow a
flat or inflated full size spare tire in the spare tire carrier. The flat full
size tire should be stowed and tied down in the pickup box bed until it
can be repaired.
5. If removed, install the spare tire carrier lock on the access hole in the
bumper.
Tire change procedure
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and place gearshift
lever in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or 1 (First) (manual
transmission).
2. Set the parking brake and turn
engine OFF.
3. Block the diagonally opposite
wheel.
144
Roadside emergencies
4. Insert tapered end of the lug
wrench behind hub caps and twist
them off.
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
6. Position the jack according to the
following guides and turn the jack
handle clockwise until the tire is a
maximum of 25 mm (1 inch) off the ground.
• Front
• Rear
145
Roadside emergencies
To lessen the risk of
personal injury, do not put
any part of your body under the
vehicle while changing a tire. Do
not start the engine when your
vehicle is on the jack. The jack is
only meant for changing the tire.
• Never use the differential as a
jacking point.
7. Remove the wheel lug nuts with the lug wrench.
8. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem is
facing outward. Reinstall the lug nuts until the wheel is snug against the
hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been lowered.
9. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
10. Remove the jack and fully
1
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
3
4
11. Stow the flat tire. Refer to
Stowing the spare .
12. Stow the jack and lug wrench.
Make sure the jack is fastened so it
5
2
does not rattle when you drive.
13. Unblock the wheels.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
146
Roadside emergencies
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
147
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
148
Roadside emergencies
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor.
The preferred locations of an exposed metal part (to ground the circuit)
are the alternator mounting brackets or an engine lifting eye. Do not
use fuel lines, engine rocker covers or the intake manifold as grounding
points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Be sure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts and other moving
parts of both engines.
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for a
further three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
149
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
150
Roadside emergencies
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels
on the ground and the rear wheels off the ground.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift or flatbed equipment with all the wheels off the ground.
Do not tow with slingbelt equipment. Ford Motor Company has not
developed or approved a slingbelt towing procedure.
A towing manual is available from Ford Motor Company for all authorized
tow truck operators. Have your tow truck driver refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
151
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a “Service Guide” which makes tracking routine service
easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
152
Maintenance and care
•
1.
2.
3.
4.
Manual transmission:
Set the parking brake.
Depress the clutch and place the gearshift in 1 (First).
Turn off the engine and remove the key.
Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in N
(Neutral).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom of the instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch that is
located under the front center of
the hood.
3. Lift the hood and support it with
the prop rod.
153
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
2.5L I4 engine
1
2
3
10
4
9
5
8
1. Engine coolant reservoir
2. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
3. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Brake fluid reservoir
6. Clutch fluid reservoir (manual transmission)
7. Battery
8. Power steering fluid reservoir
9. Engine oil filler cap
10. Air filter assembly
154
7
6
Maintenance and care
3.0L V6 Vulcan engine
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
9
8
1. Engine coolant reservoir
2. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
3. Engine oil filler cap
4. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
5. Engine oil dipstick
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Clutch fluid reservoir
8. Battery
9. Power steering fluid reservoir
10. Air filter assembly
155
Maintenance and care
4.0L OHV V6 engine
1
10
2
3
4
5
9
1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
2. Engine oil filler cap
3. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Power steering fluid reservoir
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Clutch fluid reservoir (manual transmission)
8. Battery
9. Air filter assembly
10. Engine coolant reservoir
156
6
7
8
Maintenance and care
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the maintence guide and or maintence guide and or service
guide for the appropriate intervals for checking the engine oil .
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park) (automatic transmissions) or 1 (First) (manual transmissions).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
MIN
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
157
Maintenance and care
• If the oil level is below the MIN
mark, add enough oil to raise the
level within the MIN-MAX range.
• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine damage. Some oil
must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark or the letter F in FULL on the dipstick.
158
Maintenance and care
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification mark.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the maintence guide and or service guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
159
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
maintenance guide and or service
guide for the service interval
schedules:
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid until
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
MAX
above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specifications.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
160
Maintenance and care
CLUTCH FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)
Check the clutch fluid level. Refer to the maintenance guide and or
service guide for the service interval schedules.
During normal operation, the fluid level in the clutch reservoir should
remain constant. If the fluid level drops, maintain the fluid level at the
step in the reservoir.
Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid designed to meet Ford specifications. Refer
to Capacities and specifications.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt and water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Remove cap and rubber
diaphragm from reservoir.
3. Add fluid until the level reaches
the step in the reservoir.
4. Reinstall rubber diaphragm and
cap onto reservoir.
161
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
SHER FL
WA
UID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
ON LY
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the engine
coolant in the reservoir. Refer to the
maintenance guide and or service
guide for service interval schedules.
Be sure to read and understand
Precautions when servicing your
vehicle in this chapter.
162
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
Maintenance and care
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become empty. If this occurs, add
engine coolant to the reservoir. For more information on engine coolant
maintenance, refer to Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine coolant,
antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified function and
vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
Do not mix conventional green coolant, orange coolant or
recycled coolants together in your vehicle. Use only the type of
coolant that your vehicle was originally equipped with. If you are
unsure which type of coolant your vehicle requires, contact your
local dealer.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could make it difficult to see
through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
water to the engine coolant reservoir-DO NOT ADD DIRECTLY TO THE
RADIATOR. Add straight water only in an emergency, but you should
replace it with a 50/50 mixture of coolant and distilled water as soon as
possible.
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir the next few times you
drive the vehicle. If necessary, add enough of a 50/50 mixture of coolant
and water to bring the liquid level to the fill line on the reservoir.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant reservoir cap, follow these steps to avoid
personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
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Maintenance and care
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Change your engine coolant according to the appropriate schedule listed
in the maintenance guide and or service guide.
Before adding engine coolant, check the color of the coolant in your
vehicle.
For vehicles with green coolant, use Ford Premium Cooling System
Fluid E2FZ-19549–AA (in Canada, Motorcraft CXC-8–B) or an equivalent
premium engine coolant that meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A.
Do not add orange coolant or recycled coolant to your vehicle
originally equipped with conventional green coolant.
For vehicles with orange coolant, use Ford Extended Life Engine
Coolant F6AZ-19544–AA or a DEX-COOLt equivalent that meets Ford
specification WSS-M97B44–D.
Do not add conventional green coolant or recycled coolant to
your vehicle originally equipped with orange coolant.
Do not use alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine coolants mixed
with alcohol or methanol antifreeze. Do not use supplemental coolant
additives in your vehicle. These additives may harm your engine cooling
system. The use of an improper coolant may void your warranty of your
vehicle’s engine cooling system.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and Lincoln-Mercury
dealers use recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved
processes.
For vehicles with green coolant, not all coolant recycling processes
produce coolant which meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A, and use
of such coolant may harm engine and cooling system components.
For vehicles with orange coolant, no recycling process has been
approved at this time and use of such coolant may harm engine and
cooling system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
164
Maintenance and care
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36°C [–34°F]), it may
be necessary to increase the coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to
the chart on the coolant container to ensure the coolant concentration in
your vehicle is such that the coolant will not freeze at the temperature
level in which you drive during winter months. Never increase the engine
coolant concentration above 60%. Leave a 50/50 mixture of engine
coolant and water in your vehicle year-round in non-extreme climates.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid.
Refer to the maintenance guide and
or service guide for the service
interval schedules. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCONt ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
165
Maintenance and care
4. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. It should be between the arrows
in the FULL HOT range. Do not add fluid if the level is within this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the FULL HOT range. Be sure to put the
dipstick back in the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your maintenance guide and or service guide for scheduled
intervals for fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not
consume fluid. However, the fluid level should be checked if the
transmission is not working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or
shifts slowly or if you notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is warmed up
(approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been operated for
an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot weather or
pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30 minutes to
allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated areas for normal and room temperature.
166
Maintenance and care
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperatures 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving. However, you can check the fluid without driving if the
outside temperatures are above 10°C (50°F). If fluid is added at this
time, an overfill condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal
operating temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at room temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle
and also in the Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
technician.
167
Maintenance and care
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
Checking and adding manual transmission fluid
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Fluid level should be at bottom of
the opening.
4. Add enough fluid through the
filler opening so that the fluid level
is at the bottom of the opening.
5. Install and tighten the fill plug
securely.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
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Maintenance and care
Checking and adding transfer case fluid
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Add only enough fluid through
the filler opening so that the fluid
level is at the bottom of the
opening.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. Refer to the maintenance guide and or service guide for
maintenance intervals. If the original universal joints are replaced with
universal joints equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be
necessary.
169
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the maintenance guide and or
maintenance guide and or service guide for the service interval
schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
170
Maintenance and care
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and
performance. To begin this process:
1. Set your parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
position (manual transmission), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
4. The relearning process will automatically complete as you drive the
vehicle.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle quality
of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle trim is
eventually relearned.
171
Maintenance and care
R
TU
LE
AD
RE
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
N
RECYCLE
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
172
Maintenance and care
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have their Tire Quality Grade
(described below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These Tire Quality
Grades are determined by standards
that the United States Department
of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new
pneumatic tires for use on
passenger cars. They do not apply
to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
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Maintenance and care
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire grade 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
grade 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
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Maintenance and care
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km (3
miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the Tire
Pressure Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the maintenance guide and or service guide. If you
notice that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
The following procedure applies to vehicles equipped with single rear
wheels, if your vehicle is equipped with dual rear wheels it is
recommended that only the front wheels be rotated (side to side).
• Four tire rotation
175
Maintenance and care
• Five tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial, bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the tire
pressure decal. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed rating,
and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the decal. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
176
Maintenance and care
Do not replace your tires with “high performance” tires or larger
size tires.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Driving too fast for conditions creates the possibility of loss of
vehicle control. Driving at very high speeds for extended periods
of time may result in damage to vehicle components.
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use snow tires and chains,it is
recommended that steel wheels are used of the same size and
specifications as those originally installed.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Do not use tire chains on aluminum wheels. Chains may chip the
wheels.
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
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Maintenance and care
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
If you do not use the proper fuel cap, the pressure in the fuel
tank can damage the fuel system or cause it to work improperly
in a collision.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel cap is venting
vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the cap.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Fuel ethanol may contain benzene, which is a cancer-causing
agent.
Flexible fuel components and standard unleaded gasoline fuel
components are not interchangeable. If your vehicle is not
serviced in accordance with flexible fuel vehicles procedures, damage
may occur and your warranty may be invalidated.
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Maintenance and care
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuels such
as gasoline and ethanol are highly
toxic and if swallowed can cause
death or permanent injury. If fuel
is swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline and/or
ethanol vapors, or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In
sensitive individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If
fuel is splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap
and water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an
adverse reaction.
• FFV fuel tanks may contain zero to 85 percent or more of ethanol.
Any fuel blends containing gasoline and ethanol should be treated the
same as “Fuel Ethanol (E85)”.
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Maintenance and care
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a one-eighth turn
on/off feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine “ indicator comes on and stays
on when you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap and reinstall it
being careful to align the cap properly.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a genuine
Ford or Motorcraft part. The customer warranty may be void for
any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if a genuine Ford or
Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, the pressure in the
fuel tank can damage the fuel system or cause it to work
improperly in a collision.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL for non-flexible fuel vehicles. The use of
leaded fuel is prohibited by law and could damage your vehicle.
If your vehicle is a flexible fuel vehicle (FFV), use only UNLEADED
FUEL and ETHANOL (E85). The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
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Maintenance and care
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel systems
components.
Vehicles certified to meet California emission standards (indicated on the
underhood Vehicle Emissions Control Information label) are designed to
operate on California cleaner-burning, low-sulfur gasolines. If you have a
California-certified vehicle and California cleaner—burning gasoline is not
available when you refuel, your engine should perform adequately.
However, the performance of the emission control devices and systems
may be adversely affected. In New York and Massachusetts, which have
adopted California’s emission standards without requiring the sale of
California cleaner-burning gasoline, repairs to correct the effects of using
non-California fuel may not be covered by the emissions warranty.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing (MMT).
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Do not be concerned if your engine
sometimes knocks lightly. However,
if it knocks heavily under most
driving conditions while you are
(R+M)/2 METHOD
using fuel with the recommended
octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified service technician to prevent
any engine damage.
Unleaded Gasoline engines
Your vehicle is designed to use “Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do not recommend the use of gasolines
labeled as “Regular” that are sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in
high altitude areas.
FFV engine
Your vehicle is designed to use Fuel Ethanol (E85), “Regular” unleaded
gasoline or any percentage of the two fuels combined.
U.S. government regulations require fuel ethanol dispensing
pumps to have a small, square, orange and black label with the
common abbreviation E85 or the appropriate percentage for that
region. Use of other fuels such as Fuel Methanol may cause
87
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Maintenance and care
powertrain damage, a loss of vehicle performance, and your
warranty may be invalidated.
Fuel quality
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use a high-quality fuel.
Unleaded Gasoline engines
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
The American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) issued a
fuel specification to provide information on high quality fuels that
optimize the performance of your vehicle. We recommend the use of
fuels that meet the AAMA specification if they are available.
FFV engine
Your FFV will operate well on ordinary “Regular” unleaded gasoline, but
only the highest quality fuel ethanol will provide the same level of
protection and performance.
If you are experiencing a rough or rolling idle after start-up with the
outside temperature above 27° C (80° F), the idle should improve within
10 to 30 seconds. If the problems persist below this temperature, see
your dealer or a qualified service technician.
To assist fuel ethanol providers in meeting high fuel quality standards,
the AAMA has published guidelines which prescribe “Ethanol Fuel
Compatible” dispensing station equipment. To ensure proper operation of
your FFV on fuel ethanol, refuel at stations certified by the AAMA.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including
reformulated gasolines that contain oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or
15% MTBE.
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Maintenance and care
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may have an adverse affect
on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to crank the engine several times before the system
starts to pump fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Your “Check Engine” light may come on. For more information on the
“Check Engine” light, refer to the Instrumentation chapter.
Fuel Filter
Your vehicle is equipped with a fuel filter that is mounted on the
underbody.
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the maintenance guide and or service guide for the
appropriate intervals for changing the fuel filter.
If you replace the fuel filter, replace it with an authorized
Motorcraft part. The customer warranty may be void for any
damage to the fuel system if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter
is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill Capacities
chart in this “Owner Guide.” The advertised capacity is the amount of
the Indicated Capacity and the Empty Reserve combined. Indicated
Capacity is the difference in the amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank
when the fuel gauge indicates empty. Empty Reserve is the small amount
of usable fuel remaining in the fuel tank after the fuel gauge indicates
empty.
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Maintenance and care
The amount of Empty Reserve varies and should not be relied
upon to increase driving range. When refueling your vehicle after
the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be able to refuel
the full amount of the advertised capacity of the fuel tank due to
the empty reserve still present in the tank.
Filling the tank
For consistent results:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
• Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use the recommended octane rating of a known quality
gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading.
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current kilometer (mileage) reading.
4. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy. Additionally, keeping records during summer and winter will
show how temperature impacts fuel economy. In general, lower
temperatures give lower fuel economy.
184
Maintenance and care
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Drive at reasonable speeds (traveling at 105 km /h [65 mph] uses 15%
more fuel than traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Use of the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• Use of speed control (if equipped) may improve fuel economy. Speed
control can help maintain a constant speed and reduce speed changes.
You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain as
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gears may occur and
could result in reduced fuel economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant Specifications .
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle maintenance guide and or service guide.
185
Maintenance and care
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
2 km/h [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollover/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Use of fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Flat terrain driving improves fuel economy over hilly roads.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Four-wheel-drive operation (if equipped) is less fuel efficient than
two-wheel-drive operation.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of Km/L (MPG) expected on
the vehicle, depending upon the driver’s method of operation and
conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
186
Maintenance and care
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your maintenance guide and or service guide
performed according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the maintenance guide and or
service guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle
and to its emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the charging system warning light, “Check Engine” light
or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of oil pressure, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, items, sells,
leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not permitted
to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent it from
working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on the
Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
187
Maintenance and care
Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostic (OBD-II) system. If your “Check Engine/Service
Engine Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights
and Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may
not pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light
on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the OBD-II system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test” condition. To
ready the OBD-II system for I/M testing, a minimum of 30 minutes of city
and highway driving is necessary as described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Foglamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Brakelamps
• Turn signals
• License plate lamp
• Tail lamps
• Back-up lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they can be replaced immediately with
new ones. If a bulb is removed for an extended period of time,
contaminants may enter the lamp housings and affect lamp performance.
188
Maintenance and care
Replacing headlamp bulbs
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position.
2. Open the hood. If you are replacing the driver side headlamp, unclip
the electronic module on the right side of the battery and move it out of
the way.
3. Locate the headlamp bulb through the hole in the upper radiator
support assembly.
4. Release clip and disconnect the
electrical connector from the bulb.
5. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) about 1/8
turn to free it from the bulb socket,
and slide the ring off the plastic
base. Keep the ring to retain the
new bulb.
6. Without turning, remove the old bulb by gently pulling it straight back
out of the lamp assembly.
189
Maintenance and care
To install the new bulb:
1. With the flat side of the bulb’s
plastic base facing upward, insert
the glass end of the bulb into the
lamp assembly. You may need to
turn the bulb left or right to align
the grooves in the plastic base with
the tabs in the lamp assembly. When
the grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the lamp assembly until the
plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp assembly.
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the socket by rotating clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Install the electrical connector into the plastic base until it snaps,
locking it into position.
4. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
1. Remove two screws from the
lamp assembly.
2. Disengage lamp assembly (it has
a snap fit).
3. Release clip and disconnect the
electrical connector from the bulb.
190
Maintenance and care
4. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise about ¼ turn and
remove from lamp assembly.
5. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
socket and push in the new bulb.
6. Insert the bulb into the parking
lamp assembly. When the grooves in
the plastic base are aligned, push
the bulb into the lamp assembly
until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp assembly and turn to
lock.
7. Connect the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until
it “snaps.”
8. Align the parking lamp studs with the plastic grommets on the vehicle
and push to snap in place.
9. Install two screws on lamp assembly.
Replacing tail lamp/Backup lamp bulbs
The tail lamp/backup lamp bulbs are
located in the same portion of the
tail lamp assembly, one just below
the other. Follow the same steps to
replace either bulb:
1. Open the liftgate to expose the
lamp assemblies.
2. Remove the four screws and the
lamp assembly from vehicle.
191
Maintenance and care
3. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise about ¼ turn and
remove from lamp assembly.
4. Carefully pull the bulb straight
out of the socket and push in the
new bulb.
5. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning clockwise.
6. Install the lamp assembly and
secure with four screws.
Replacing foglamp bulbs
1. Remove the bulb socket from the
foglamp by turning
counterclockwise.
2. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the foglamp bulb.
3. Connect the electrical connector to the new foglamp bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in the foglamp turning clockwise.
High-mount brakelamp and cargo lamp bulbs
The replacement of the high-mount brakelamp bulb and cargo lamp bulb
is basically the same. This procedure covers the high-mount brakelamp
bulb.
192
Maintenance and care
To remove the brakelamp assembly:
1. Remove the two screws and lamp
assembly from vehicle.
2. Remove the bulb socket from
lamp assembly by rotating it 45
degrees.
3. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
socket and push in the new bulb.
To install the brakelamp assembly:
1. Install the bulb socket into the lamp assembly and rotate 45 degrees.
2. Install the lamp assembly on the vehicle and secure with two screws.
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
The license plate bulbs are located
behind the rear bumper. To change
the license plate lamp bulbs:
1. Reach behind the rear bumper to
locate the bulb socket.
2. Twist the socket counterclockwise
¼ turn and remove.
3. Pull out the old bulb from socket
and push in the new bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning it clockwise.
193
Maintenance and care
Using the right bulbs
Function
Number of
bulbs
Park/turn/side marker lamps (front)
4
Headlamps
2
Foglamps (if equipped)
2
Hi-mount brakelamp
2
Rear stop/tail lamps
2
Rear turn lamps
2
Rear license plate lamps
2
Backup lamp
2
Dome lamp
1
Map/dome-SuperCab (if equipped)
2
Map/dome-Regular Cab (if equipped)
1
2
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer.
Trade
number
3157
9007
H3
906
3157
3156
194
3156
912
906
212-2
906
REPLACING THE INTERIOR BULBS
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The alignment of your headlamps should be checked by a qualified
service technician if:
• Oncoming motorists frequently signal you to deactivate your high
beams, and your high beams are not activated.
• The headlamps do not seem to provide enough light for clear night
vision.
• The headlamp beams are pointed substantially away from a slightly
down and to the right position.
194
Maintenance and care
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the “Customer Assistance Guide” for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car
wash. If you have wax applied to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it
is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use cleaning fluid or
alcohol with a clean cloth to remove any bugs and tar before waxing
vehicle. Use tar remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield. If you have wax applied at a
commercial car wash, it is recommended that you clean the wiper blades
and windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper blades and
windshield.
195
Maintenance and care
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
touch-up paint, repair foil or aerosol paint spray from the Ford accessory
line. Observe the application instructions on the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
• 4.0L
196
Maintenance and care
• 3.0L
• 2.5L
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
197
Maintenance and care
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. Use glass
cleaner or tar remover if necessary.
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield such as tree sap and some hot wax
treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of the
windshield with a non-abrasive cleanser such as the non-abrasive
Bon-Amit powder. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. Do not use
abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause scratches. The windshield
is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with water. The
windshield and wiper blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and
blades or rubber elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
198
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
Inside windows
Use glass cleaner for the inside windows if they become fogged.
Cleaning mirrors
Do not clean your mirrors with a dry cloth or abrasive materials. Use a
soft cloth and mild detergent and water. Be careful when removing ice
from outside mirrors because you may damage the reflective surface.
199
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component 2.5L I4
engine
Air filter
FA-1658
Fuel filter
FG-986B
Battery
BXT-59
Oil filter
FL-400S
PCV valve
EV-227
Spark plugs* AWSF32F**
3.0L V6
engine
FA-1658
FG-986B
BXT-59
FL-400S
EV-130
AWSF32PP***
4.0L V6
engine
FA-1658
FG-986B
BXT-59
FL-1A
EV-225
AGSF22PP***
3.0L V6 FFV
engine
FA-1658
FG-991
BXT-59
FL-400S
EV-130
AGSF12PP***
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
** Two spark plugs per cylinder required (eight total).
*** If any spark plug needs to be removed for inspection, it must be
re-installed in the same cylinder. Cylinders No.1, 2 and 3 have a “PG”
suffix. Cylinders No. 4, 5 and 6 have a “P” suffix. If any spark plug needs
to be replaced, use only spark plugs with the service part number suffix
letters “PP” as shown on the engine decal.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Engine oil
(includes filter
change)
Brake fluid
Power steering
fluid
200
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft 5W30
Super Premium
Motor Oil
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Application
Capacity
2.5L I4 and 3.0L 4.3L
V6 engine
(4.5 quarts)
4.0L V6 engine 4.7L
(5.0 quarts)
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
All
Fill to range on
dipstick
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Transmission
fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Engine coolant
1
Fuel tank
N/A
Transfer Case
Fluid
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Application
5-speed manual
4x2 vehicles
with automatic
and 2.5L engine
4x2 vehicles
with automatic
and 3.0L or 4.0L
engine
4x4 vehicles
with automatic
2.5L I4 engine
without A/C
2.5L I4 engine
with A/C
3.0L V6 engine
without A/C
3.0L V6 engine
with A/C
4.0L V6 engine
without A/C
4.0L V6 engine
with A/C
Regular cab
(Short wheel
base)
Regular cab
(Long wheel
base)
SuperCab
4x4 Vehicles
Capacity
2.65L
(2.8 quarts)
9.3L
(9.8 quarts)
9.5L
(10.0 quarts)
9.8L
(10.3 quarts)
6.2L
(6.5 quarts)
6.8L
(7.2 quarts)
9.0L
(9.5 quarts)
9.6L
(10.2 quarts)
7.4L
(7.8 quarts)
8.1L
(8.6 quarts)
62.4L
(16.5 gallons)
75.7L
(20.0 gallons)
73.8L
(19.5 gallons)
1.2L
(1.25 quarts)
201
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Front axle fluid
Rear axle
lubricant2
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft SAE
80W90 Premium
Rear Axle
Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
80W90 Premium
Rear Axle
Lubricant
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Application
Capacity
4x4 Vehicles
1.7L (3.6 pints)
All
2.4-2.5L
(5.0-5.3 pints)
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
1
If your engine coolant is green in color, use Ford Premium Cooling
System Fluid. If your coolant is orange in color, use Ford Extended Life
Engine Coolant. Refer to Adding engine coolant, in the Maintenance
and Care chapter.
2
Traction-Lok axles use 2.2–2.4L (4.75–5.0 pints) of rear axle lubricant.
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of additive friction modifier C8AZ-19B546–A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
Service refill capacities are determined by filling the rear axle 6 mm to
14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below the bottom of the filler hole.
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Front axle
Rear axle
202
Ford part
name or
equivalent
75W90 Gear
Lube
Motorcraft SAE
80W90 Premium
Rear Axle
Lubricant1
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
XY-75W90-QL
WSP-M2C201-A
XY-80W90-QL
WSP-M2C197-A
Capacities and specifications
Item
Brake fluid and
clutch fluid (if
equipped)
Door weather
strips
Engine coolant
Engine oil
Hinges, door
checks, latches,
striker plates,
fuel filler door
hinge and seat
tracks
Transmission
/steering/parking
brake linkages
and pivots,
brake and clutch
pedal shaft,
clutch pilot
bearing and.
input shaft
spline (manual
transmission).
Ford part
name or
equivalent
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Silicone
Lubricant
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
(green in color)
Ford Extended
Life Engine
Coolant (orange
in color)
Motorcraft 5W30
Super Premium
Motor Oil
Multi-Purpose
Grease
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
C6AZ-19542-AB
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
C0AZ-19553-AA
ESR-M13P4-A
E2FZ-19549-AA
ESE-M97B44-A
F6AZ-19544-AA
WSS-M97B44-D
or DEX-COOLt
equivalent
XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C153-G
and API
Certification
Mark
DOAZ-19584-AA ESB-M1C93-B or
or
ESB-M1C159-A
F5AZ-19G209-AA
Premium
XG-1-C
Long-Life Grease
ESA-M1C75-B
203
Capacities and specifications
Item
Power steering
fluid, transfer
case fluid and
transmission
fluid (manual)
Automatic
transmission
(4R44E and
5R55E)
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford part
name or
equivalent
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
XT-5-QM
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
C9AZ-19550-AB
MERCONtV
ESR-M17P5-A
1
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of additive friction modifier C8AZ-19B546–A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
2.5L I4
engine
153
119 @ 5000
rpm
3.0L V6
engine
182
150 @ 5000
rpm
146 lb.-ft.
@ 3000
rpm
Recommended 87 octane
fuel
185 lb.-ft. @
3750 rpm
Firing order
1-4-2-5-3-6
Torque
204
1-3-4-2
87 octane
3.0L FFV
V6 engine
182
150 @ 5000
rpm (on
E85)
190 lb.-ft. @
3750 rpm
(on E85)
87 octane or
Ethanol (E
85)
1-4-2-5-3-6
4.0L V6
engine
245
160 @ 4200
rpm
225 lb.-ft. @
2750 rpm
87 octane
1-4-2-5-3-6
Capacities and specifications
Engine
Spark plug
gap
Ignition
system
Compression
ratio
2.5L I4
engine
1.07-1.17
mm
(0.042-.046
inch)
EDIS
3.0L V6
engine
1.07-1.17
mm
(0.042-.046
inch)
EDIS
3.0L FFV
V6 engine
1.07-1.17
mm
(0.042-.046
inch)
EDIS
4.0L V6
engine
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056
inch)
EDIS
9.4:1
9.14:1
9.14:1
9.0:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle
dimensions
(1) Overall
length
(2) Overall
width
(3) Overall
height 4x2/4x4
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Track Front
(5) Track Rear
Regular Cab
Short Wheel
Base (SWB) mm
(in)
4 763 (187.5)
Regular Cab
Long Wheel
Base (LWB)
mm (in)
5 093 (200.5)
Supercab mm
(in)
1 785 (70.3)
1 785 (70.3)
1 785 (70.3)
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
1
575
655
831
486
(62.0) /
(65.2)
(111.4)
(58.5)
1 455 (57.3)
586
655
983
486
(62.4) /
(65.2)
(117.4)
(58.5)
1 455 (57.3)
5 153 (202.9)
585
684
192
485
(62.4) /
(66.3)
(125.7)
(58.5)
1 455 (57.3)
205
Capacities and specifications
3
5
2
4
1
206
Capacities and specifications
4
1
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Safety compliance label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Safety Compliance
Certification Label be affixed to a
vehicle and prescribe where the
Safety Compliance Certification
Label may be located. The Safety
Compliance Certification Label is
located on the front door latch pillar
on the driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
207
Capacities and specifications
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel. For your
protection, you will also find the
vehicle identification number in the
following areas:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
the
the
the
the
the
the
the
AIR
BAG
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
left and right front fenders
left and right front doors
front and rear bumpers
hood
left and right rear quarter panels
decklid
liftgate
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block, transmission, frame and
transfer case (if equipped).
208
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
209
Index
Air bag supplemental restraint
system ..........................................81
and child safety seats ..............83
description ................................82
disposal ......................................85
indicator light ...........................85
passenger air bag .....................83
passenger deactivation
switch ....................23,86,87,88,89
Air conditioning
manual heating and air
conditioning system .......19,20,21
Automatic transmission
driving an automatic
overdrive .....108,109,110,111,112
Axle
refill capacities ........................200
Battery
voltage gauge ............................15
Brakes ........................................103
anti-lock .....................103,104,105
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
warning light ...........................104
fluid, checking and adding ....160
shift interlock ..........................107
Break-in period ..........................2,3
Cargo area shade ........................64
Cargo net .....................................64
CD player ....................................51
Child safety seats
attaching with tether straps ....96
in rear seat ................................93
tether anchorage hardware .....96
Cleaning your vehicle ...............195
engine compartment ..............196
exterior .............................196,199
exterior lamps .........................198
interior .....................................199
plastic parts ............................198
washing ....................................195
waxing .....................................195
wheels ......................................196
210
windows ..................................199
wiper blades ............................198
Clutch
fluid ..........................................161
operation while driving ...112,113
recommended shift speeds ....114
Console ........................................64
Coolant ...............................164,165
checking and adding ..............163
refill capacities ........................165
Driveline universal joint and
slip yoke ....................................169
Driving under special
conditions ...........................118,119
sand .........................................119
snow and ice ...........................120
through water .........................119
Emission control system ..........186
Engine
check engine/service engine
soon light .................................6,7
coolant .....................................162
idle speed control ...................170
service points ............154,155,156
starting after a collision .........133
Engine block heater .................100
Engine oil
checking and adding ..............158
dipstick ....................................157
specifications ...................157,159
Exhaust fumes ..........................102
Four-Wheel Drive vehicles ..10,115
description .......................116,117
driving off road .......................118
electronic shift ..............22,23,116
indicator light .........................115
Fuel
choosing the right fuel ...........180
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................186
detergent in fuel .....................182
Index
filling your vehicle
with fuel ...........................178,180
gauge .........................................12
quality ......................................182
running out of fuel .................183
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................178
Fuses ...................................134,135
Gas mileage (see Fuel
economy) ..............183,184,185,186
Gauges ....................................11,12
engine coolant temperature
gauge .........................................13
engine oil pressure gauge ........15
GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating)
calculating ..........123,128,129,130
Hazard flashers .........................133
Headlamps
aiming ......................................194
bulb specifications ..................194
high beam ..............................9,16
warning chime ..........................11
Heating ........................................17
heater only system ..............17,18
Hood ..........................................153
Ignition .......................................204
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ..............................188
Instrument panel ..........................6
cleaning ...................................198
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............11
positions of the ignition ...........55
Lamps
daytime running light ...............16
fog lamps ...................................16
headlamps .................................16
headlamps, flash to pass ..........17
instrument panel, dimming .....17
interior lamps .........................194
replacing
bulbs .....188,189,190,191,192,193
Lane change indicator (see
Turn signal) .................................55
Lights, warning and indicator
air bag ..........................................8
anti-lock brakes (ABS) ..............9
anti-theft .....................................9
brake ............................................8
charging system ..........................9
check coolant ............................10
cruise indicator .........................11
door ajar ....................................10
fuel reset .....................................8
overdrive off ..............................10
safety belt ...................................8
speed control ............................60
turn signal indicator ...................9
Lumbar support, seats ..........72,73
Manual transmission
reverse .....................................114
Mirrors
cleaning ...................................199
side view mirrors (power) .......63
Motorcraft parts ........................183
Octane rating ............................181
Odometer .....................................14
Overdrive .....................................60
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................65
Parking brake ............................105
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) ...............................138
Power door locks ........................63
Power steering ..........................106
fluid, checking and adding ....165
Radio ...24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,
33,34,35,36,37,38,39,41,
42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,51
Relays ........................................134
Remote entry system ..64,68,69,70
illuminated entry ......................67
211
Index
locking/unlocking doors ...........65
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................67
replacing the batteries .............66
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ....................................11
Safety restraints
cleaning the safety belts ...81,199
extension assembly ..................80
for children ..........................90,91
lap belt .................................78,79
warning light and chime .....11,80
Seat belts (see Safety
restraints) ................73,74,75,76,77
Seats ............................................71
child safety seats ......................92
Servicing your vehicle .......152,153
Snowplowing .................................3
Spark plugs, specifications .......200
Special notice ................................3
ambulance conversions ..............3
utility-type vehicles ....................3
Specification chart, lubricants .202
Speed control ..............................56
Speedometer ...............................14
Starting your vehicle ......97,98,100
jump starting ............146,147,149
Steering wheel
tilting .........................................61
Tachometer .................................13
Tires .............................173,174,175
changing .............141,142,143,144
checking the pressure ............175
212
replacing ..................................176
rotating ....................................175
snow tires and chains ............177
tire grades ...............................174
treadwear ................................174
Towing
recreational towing ..........130,131
wrecker ....................................151
Traction-lok rear axle ...............120
Transfer case
fluid checking .........................169
Transmission ......................107,166
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) ......................166,167
fluid, checking and adding
(manual) .................................168
manual operation ....................112
Trip odometer .............................14
Vehicle dimensions ...................205
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................208
Vehicle loading ..........................121
camper bodies ........................132
Ventilating your vehicle ...........102
Warning chimes .............................6
Washer fluid ..............................162
Water, Driving through .............121
Windows .................................62,63
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and cleaning ............172
operation ...................................62
replacing wiper blades ...........173
213
214
Filling station information
Item
Recommended fuel
Fuel tank capacity (Regular
cab-Short wheel base)
Fuel tank capacity (Regular
cab-Long wheel base)
Fuel tank capacity (SuperCab)
Engine oil capacity (includes
filter change)-2.5L I4 and 3.0L
V6 engines
Engine oil capacity (includes
filter change)-4.0L V6 engine
Tire size and pressure
Hood release
Coolant capacity-2.5L I4
without air conditioning1
Coolant capacity-2.5L I4 with
air conditioning1
Coolant capacity-3.0L V6
without air conditioning1
Coolant capacity-3.0L V6 with
air conditioning1
Coolant capacity-4.0L V6
without air conditioning1
Coolant capacity-4.0L V6 with
air conditioning1
Power steering fluid capacity
Manual transmission fluid
capacity
Information
Refer to 9Octane recommendations9 in
the Maintenance and care chapter.
62.4L (16.5 gallons)
75.7 (20.0 gallons)
73.8L (19.5 gallons)
4.3L (4.5 quarts). Use Motorcraft
5W30 Super Premium Motor Oil, Ford
specification WSS-M2C153-G.
4.7L (5.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
5W30 Super Premium Motor Oil, Ford
specification WSS-M2C153-G.
See Safety Compliance Certification
Label on inside of driver door.
Pull handle under the left side of the
instrument panel.
6.2L (6.5 quarts)
6.8L (7.2 quarts)
9.0L (9.5 quarts)
9.6L (10.2 quarts)
7.4L (7.8 quarts)
8.1L (8.6 quarts)
Fill to range on dipstick. Use
Motorcraft MERCONt ATF.
2.65L (2.8 quarts). Use Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF.
215
Filling station information
Item
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-4x2 vehicles with 2.5L
I4 engine2
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-4x2 vehicles with 3.0L
or 4.0L V6 engine2
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-4x4 vehicles2
Information
9.3L (9.8 quarts). Use Motorcraft
MERCONtV ATF.
9.5L (10.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
MERCONtV ATF.
9.8L (10.3 quarts). Use Motorcraft
MERCONtV ATF.
1
If your engine coolant is green in color, use Ford Premium Cooling
System Fluid. If your engine coolant is orange in color, use Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant. Refer to Adding engine coolant, in the
Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure correct automatic transmission fluid is used for a specific
application. Check the container to verify the fluid is MERCONt and/or
MERCONt V approved. Some fluids have been approved as meeting both
MERCONt and MERCONt V requirements and will be labeled as such.
Fluids labeled as meeting only MERCONt or only MERCONt V
requirements must not be used interchangeably. DO NOT mix MERCONt
and MERCONt V. Transmission fluid requirements are indicated on the
dipstick or on the dipstick handle. Refer to your “Service Guide” to
determine the correct service interval.
216
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