Specifications | Anritsu Series MS278XB Network Router User Manual

Series
MS278XB
High Performance Signal Analyzer
Operation Manual
Software Version 4.xx
Anritsu Company
490 Jarvis Drive
Morgan Hill, CA 95037-2809
USA
P/N: 10410-00273
Revision: D
Printed: July 2007
Copyright 2007 Anritsu Company
WARRANTY
The Anritsu product(s) listed on the title page is (are) warranted against defects in materials and workmanship for
three years from the date of shipment.
Anritsu’s obligation covers repairing or replacing products which prove to be defective during the warranty period.
Buyers shall prepay transportation charges for equipment returned to Anritsu for warranty repairs. Obligation is
limited to the original purchaser. Anritsu is not liable for consequential damages.
LIMITATION OF WARRANTY
The foregoing warranty does not apply to Anritsu connectors that have failed due to normal wear. Also, the warranty
does not apply to defects resulting from improper or inadequate maintenance by the Buyer, unauthorized
modification or misuse, or operation outside of the environmental specifications of the product. No other warranty is
expressed or implied, and the remedies provided herein are the Buyer’s sole and exclusive remedies.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES. TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANRITSU
COMPANY AND ITS SUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WITH REGARD TO THE SOFTWARE PRODUCT. THE USER ASSUMES THE ENTIRE
RISK OF USING THE PROGRAM. ANY LIABILITY OF PROVIDER OR MANUFACTURER WILL BE LIMITED
EXCLUSIVELY TO PRODUCT REPLACEMENT.
NO LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY
APPLICABLE LAW, IN NO EVENT SHALL ANRITSU COMPANY OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING,
WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, LOSS
OF BUSINESS INFORMATION, OR ANY OTHER PECUNIARY LOSS) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF OR
INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE PRODUCTS, EVEN IF ANRITSU COMPANY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF
THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. BECAUSE SOME STATES AND JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW
THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, THE
ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
TRADEMARK ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Windows, Windows XP, Microsoft Paint, Microsoft Word, Microsoft Access, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft PowerPoint,
and Visual Studio are all registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Acrobat Reader is a registered trademark of Adobe Corporation.
MATLAB is a registered trademark of The MathWorks Corporation.
NI is a trademark of the National Instruments Corporation.
Signature is a trademark of Anritsu Company.
NOTICE
Anritsu Company has prepared this manual for use by Anritsu Company personnel and customers as a guide for the
proper installation, operation and maintenance of Anritsu Company equipment and computer programs. The
drawings, specifications, and information contained herein are the property of Anritsu Company, and any
unauthorized use or disclosure of these drawings, specifications, and information is prohibited; they shall not be
reproduced, copied, or used in whole or in part as the basis for manufacture or sale of the equipment or software
programs without the prior written consent of Anritsu Company.
UPDATES
Updates, if any, can be downloaded from the Documents area of the Anritsu web site at:
http://www.us.anritsu.com
END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR ANRITSU SOFTWARE
IMPORTANT-READ CAREFULLY: This End-User License Agreement (EULA) is a legal agreement between you
(either an individual or a single entity) and Anritsu for the Signature software product identified above, which
includes computer software and associated media and printed materials, and may include “online” or electronic
documentation (“SOFTWARE PRODUCT” or “SOFTWARE”). By receiving or otherwise using the SOFTWARE
PRODUCT, you agree to be bound by the terms of this EULA.
SOFTWARE PRODUCT LICENSE
The SOFTWARE PRODUCT is protected by copyright laws and international copyright treaties, as well as other
intellectual property laws and treaties. The SOFTWARE PRODUCT is licensed, not sold.
1. GRANT OF LICENSE. This EULA grants you the following rights:
a. You may use ONE copy of the Software Product identified above only on the hardware product (Signature Signal
Analyzer and its internal computer) which it was originally installed. The SOFTWARE is in “use” on a computer
when it is loaded into temporary memory (for example, RAM) or installed into permanent memory (for example, hard
disk, CD-ROM, or other storage device) of that computer. However, installation on a network server for the sole
purpose of internal distribution to one or more other computer(s) shall not constitute “use.”
b. Solely with respect to electronic documents included with the SOFTWARE, you may make an unlimited number of
copies (either in hardcopy or electronic form), provided that such copies shall be used only for internal purposes and
are not republished or distributed to any third party.
2. OWNERSHIP. Except as expressly licensed to you in this Agreement, Anritsu retains all right, title, and interest in
and to the SOFTWARE PRODUCT; provided, however, that, subject to the license grant in Section 1.a and Anritsu's
ownership of the underlying SOFTWARE PRODUCT, you shall own all right, title and interest in and to any
Derivative Technology of the Product created by or for you.
3. COPYRIGHT. All title and copyrights in and to the SOFTWARE PRODUCT (including but not limited to any
images, photographs, animations, video, audio, music, text, and “applets” incorporated into the SOFTWARE
PRODUCT), the accompanying printed materials, and any copies of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT are owned by
Anritsu or its suppliers. The SOFTWARE PRODUCT is protected by copyright laws and international treaty
provisions. Therefore, you must treat the SOFTWARE PRODUCT like any other copyrighted material except that you
may make one copy of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT solely for backup or archival purposes. You may not copy any
printed materials accompanying the SOFTWARE PRODUCT.
4. DESCRIPTION OF OTHER RIGHTS AND LIMITATIONS.
a. Limitations on Reverse Engineering, Decompilation, and Disassembly. You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or
disassemble the SOFTWARE, except and only to the extent that such activity is expressly permitted by applicable law
notwithstanding this limitation.
b. Rental. You may not rent or lease the SOFTWARE PRODUCT.
c. Software Transfer. You may permanently transfer all of your rights under this EULA, provided that you retain no
copies, you transfer all of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT (including the Signature Signal Analyzer, all component parts,
the media and printed materials, any upgrades, this EULA, and, if applicable, the Certificate of Authenticity), and the
recipient agrees to the terms of this EULA.
d. Termination. Without prejudice to any other rights, Anritsu may terminate this EULA if you fail to comply with the
terms and conditions of this EULA. In such event, you must destroy all copies of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT.
5. U.S. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS. THE SOFTWARE PRODUCT AND DOCUMENTATION ARE
PROVIDED WITH RESTRICTED RIGHTS. USE, DUPLICATION, OR DISCLOSURE BY THE GOVERNMENT IS
SUBJECT TO RESTRICTIONS AS SET FORTH IN SUBPARAGRAPH (C)(1)(II) OF THE RIGHTS IN TECHNICAL
DATA AND COMPUTER SOFTWARE CLAUSE AT DFARS 252.227-7013 OR SUBPARAGRAPHS (C)(1) AND (2) OF
THE COMMERCIAL COMPUTER SOFTWARE-RESTRICTED RIGHTS AT 48 CFR 52.227-19, AS APPLICABLE.
MANUFACTURER IS ANRITSU COMPANY, 490 JARVIS DRIVE, MORGAN HILL, CALIFORNIA 95037-2809.
The Signature software is copyright © 2007, Anritsu Company. All rights are reserved by all parties.
Safety Symbols
To prevent the risk of personal injury or loss related to equipment malfunction, Anritsu Company uses the
following symbols to indicate safety-related information. For your own safety, please read the information
carefully before operating the equipment.
Symbols Used in Manuals
Danger: This indicates a very dangerous procedure that could result in
serious injury or death, or loss related to equipment
malfunction, if not performed properly.
Warning: This indicates a hazardous procedure that could result in
light-to-severe injury or loss related to equipment
malfunction, if proper precautions are not taken.
Caution: This indicates a hazardous procedure that could result in loss
related to equipment malfunction if proper precautions are
not taken.
Safety Symbols Used on Equipment and in Manuals
The following safety symbols are used inside or on the equipment near operation locations to provide
information about safety items and operation precautions. Ensure that you clearly understand the meanings of
the symbols and take the necessary precautions before operating the equipment. Some or all of the following
five symbols may or may not be used on all Anritsu equipment. In addition, there may be other labels attached
to products that are not shown in the diagrams in this manual.
This indicates a prohibited operation. The prohibited operation is indicated symbolically in or near
the barred circle.
This indicates a compulsory safety precaution. The required operation is indicated symbolically in or
near the circle.
This indicates a warning or caution. The contents are indicated symbolically in or near the triangle.
This indicates a note. The contents are described in the box.
These indicate that the marked part should be recycled.
MS278XB OM
Safety-1
For Safety
Warning: Always refer to the operation manual when working near
locations at which the alert mark, shown on the left, is
attached. If the operation, etc., is performed without heeding
the advice in the operation manual, there is a risk of
personal injury. In addition, the equipment performance may
be reduced.
Moreover, this alert mark is sometimes used with other
marks and descriptions indicating other dangers.
Warning: When supplying power to this equipment, connect the
accessory 3-pin power cord to a 3-pin grounded power
outlet. If a grounded 3-pin outlet is not available, use a
conversion adapter and ground the green wire, or connect
the frame ground on the rear panel of the equipment to
ground. If power is supplied without grounding the
equipment, there is a risk of receiving a severe or fatal
electric shock.
Warning: This equipment can not be repaired by the operator. Do not
attempt to remove the equipment covers or to disassemble
internal components. Only qualified service technicians with
a knowledge of electrical fire and shock hazards should
service this equipment. There are high-voltage parts in this
equipment presenting a risk of severe injury or fatal electric
shock to untrained personnel. In addition, there is a risk of
damage to precision components.
Warning: Use two or more people to lift and move this equipment, or
use an equipment cart. There is a risk of back injury if this
equipment is lifted by one person.
Caution: Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can damage the highly
sensitive circuits in the instrument. ESD is most likely to
occur as test devices are being connected to, or
disconnected from, the instrument’s front and rear panel
ports and connectors. You can protect the instrument and
test devices by wearing a static-discharge wristband.
Alternatively, you can ground yourself to discharge any static
charge by touching the outer chassis of the grounded
instrument before touching the instrument’s front and rear
panel ports and connectors. Avoid touching the test port
center conductors unless you are properly grounded and
have eliminated the possibility of static discharge.
Repair of damage that is found to be caused by electrostatic
discharge is not covered under warranty.
Safety-2
MS278XB OM
Table of Contents
Chapter 1—General Information
1-1
About this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Associated Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-2
Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RF/Analog Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identification Number. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options and Accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-5
1-5
1-3
Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Touch Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating System Integrity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antivirus Protection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windows Updates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating System Backup and Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Line Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6
1-6
1-6
1-6
1-6
1-7
1-8
1-8
Chapter 2—Preparation for Use
2-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2-2
Operating Environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2-3
Power Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2-4
Unpacking the Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Initial Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
2-5
Assembly (optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Rack Mount Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
2-6
Power On Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warm-up Time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MS278XB OM
2-5
2-5
2-5
2-6
i
Table of Contents (Continued)
2-7
Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
BIOS Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Windows XP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
User Installed Applications and Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Desktop Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
User Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Directory Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Security Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Remote Access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Computer Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Third Party Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Hard Disk Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Analyzer Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Installing Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Customizing the Tool Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
2-8
Remote Interface Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GPIB Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GPIB Interface Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GPIB Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LAN Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Interface Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
2-12
2-12
2-13
2-16
2-16
2-16
2-9
Connecting External Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting an External Keyboard or Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting an External Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting an External Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting an External USB Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-24
2-24
2-24
2-24
2-27
2-10 Preparation for Storage/Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparation for Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparation for Shipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use a Suitable Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protect the Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cushion the Instrument. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seal the Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Address the Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-28
2-28
2-28
2-28
2-28
2-28
2-28
2-28
Chapter 3—Instrument Overview
ii
3-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
3-2
Front Panel Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Data Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Front Panel Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Major Function Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Minor Function Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Numeric and Cursor Keys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
DVD-ROM/CD-RW Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Manually Ejecting the DVD-ROM/CD-RW Drive Tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
MS278XB OM
Table of Contents (Continued)
3-3
Graphical User Interface Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drop-down Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sub-menu Trees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering Data and Fly-out Menus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Toggle Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drop-down Selection Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alpha-Numeric Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graticule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spectral Analysis Graticule Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vector Signal Analysis Graticule Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Messages and Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Status Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warning Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calibration Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Keyboard Hot-key Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-12
3-13
3-13
3-13
3-14
3-15
3-15
3-17
3-19
3-19
3-23
3-24
3-24
3-25
3-26
3-26
3-28
3-30
3-35
3-35
3-35
3-35
3-36
3-4
Instrument Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing Setups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calibration State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Preset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-37
3-37
3-37
3-37
3-5
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-38
Chapter 4—Front Panel Menus
4-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4-2
Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
MS278XB OM
iii
Table of Contents (Continued)
4-3
iv
Menu Archive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Frequency Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Frequencies Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Step Size and Offset Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Amplitude Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Amplitude Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Y-Axis Options Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Bandwidth Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Bandwidth Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Auto Coupling Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Marker Main Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Marker Select Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Marker to (–>) Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Marker Config Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Display Lines Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Measurement Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Measurement Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Trace Main Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Trace Config Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Display Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Display Options Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Touch Screen Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Sweep Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
Sweep Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Trigger Main Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Trigger Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
System Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
Rear Panel Control Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
Calibration Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
System Information Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Remote Control Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Service Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
File Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
File Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
MS278XB OM
Table of Contents (Continued)
4-4
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Occupied Bandwidth Setup Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Channel Power Setup Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjacent Channel Power (ACP) Setup Dialog. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multicarrier Channel Power Setup Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CCDF Setup Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spectrum Mask Setup Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VSA Modulation Parameters Setup Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WCDMA Graph Type Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WCDMA Setup Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TPC Limit Edge Definition Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Channel Table Editor Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customize Tool Bar Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MATLAB Setup Dialog. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-36
4-36
4-37
4-38
4-40
4-43
4-44
4-46
4-48
4-51
4-54
4-55
4-56
4-56
4-57
Chapter 5—Measurements
5-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
5-2
Basic Measurement Setups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Setting the Center Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Setting the Frequency Span . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Setting the Start and Stop Frequencies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Setting the Reference Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Setting the Input Attenuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Setting the Scale/Div . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Setting the Resolution Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Setting the Video Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Setting the Sweep Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Setting the Bandwidth Coupling Modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Setting Markers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Setting Trace Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Configuring the Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
5-3
Measurement Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring a CW Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring Harmonics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying Wide Band FFT Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying Narrow Band FFT Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring a Pulse in the Time Domain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying Detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying Trace Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring Phase Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-19
5-20
5-21
5-22
5-23
5-24
5-25
5-26
5-27
5-4
RF Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Third Order Intercept Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Occupied Bandwidth Measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Channel Power Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjacent Channel Power Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multicarrier Channel Power Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-28
5-29
5-30
5-31
5-33
5-34
MS278XB OM
v
Table of Contents (Continued)
vi
5-5
Modulation Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
QPSK Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
QAM Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WCDMA Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code Domain Power Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Code Domain Error Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
QPSK Measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Composite Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single Code Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single Code with Compressed Mode Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WCDMA Uplink Code Domain Power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WCDMA Uplink Code Domain Single Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-35
5-36
5-40
5-42
5-43
5-48
5-50
5-54
5-56
5-61
5-63
5-68
5-6
Operation Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Required Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reference Oscillator Aging Rate (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency Readout Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency Span Accuracy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Swept Resolution Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single Sideband Phase Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average Noise Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frequency Response. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reference Level Switching Uncertainty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resolution Bandwidth (RBW) Switching Uncertainty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residual Spurious Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input-related Spurious Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-71
5-71
5-73
5-73
5-74
5-75
5-75
5-75
5-77
5-77
5-77
5-79
5-79
5-79
5-81
5-81
5-81
5-84
5-84
5-84
5-87
5-87
5-87
5-89
5-89
5-89
5-91
5-91
5-91
5-93
5-93
5-93
5-95
5-95
5-95
MS278XB OM
Table of Contents (Continued)
Chapter 6—Software Peripherals
6-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6-2
Signature–MathWorks Connectivity (Option 40 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Signature MathWorks Connectivity Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Integrated MathWorks Computational Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Integrated MathWorks Computational Components–Flow of Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PreConditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting to MATLAB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MATLAB Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advanced MATLAB Functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
6-1
6-1
6-1
6-2
6-2
6-4
6-5
6-3
Microsoft Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Copying Graphical Screen Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Copying Screen Shots to Image Editors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Copying Screen Shots to Office Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exporting Trace Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Importing the Trace Data to Excel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Importing the Trace Data to Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-7
6-7
6-8
Chapter 7—Remote Operation
7-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
7-2
Remote Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Your Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling the Analyzer as the Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Client Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting a Remote Desktop Session. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advanced Connection Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging Off and Ending a Remote Desktop Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
7-1
7-1
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-4
Appendix A—Specifications
Subject Index
MS278XB OM
vii
Chapter 1 — General Information
1-1 About this Manual
This manual provides general information, installation, and operating information for the model MS278XB
High Performance Spectrum/Vector Signal Analyzer (SPA/VSA), Signature™. Manual organization is shown
in the table of contents.
Introduction
This chapter provides general information about the MS278XB. It includes a general description of the
analyzer and information on its identification number, related manuals, options, and performance
specifications. This chapter also provides preventative maintenance and customer service information.
The MS278XB manual set is installed on the analyzer’s hard drive as an Adobe Acrobat™ (*.pdf) file. The file
can be viewed on the analyzer’s front panel display using Acrobat Reader™. The file is “linked” such that you
can choose a topic to view from the displayed “bookmark” list and “jump” to the page on which the topic resides.
The text can also be word-searched.
The MS2781B is also equipped with online Help called Signature Help System. The Help system is integrated
into the product software making it context sensitive to front panel actions as well as providing full context
search, advanced navigation controls, and custom bookmarking capabilities. The Signature Help System can
also run independent of the product and is included on the Signature Manuals CD-ROM.
Performance specifications can be found in Appendix A, Specifications, located at the back of the Signature
operation manual. Updates can be downloaded from the Documents area of the Anritsu Internet site:
http://www.us.anritsu.com
Associated Documentation
This manual is one of a three part series containing the following:
• MS278XB Operation Manual, Part Number: 10410-00273
• MS278XB Programming Manual, Part Number: 10410-00274
• MS278XB Maintenance Manual, Part Number: 10410-00275
Conventions
Throughout this manual, the terms MS278XB and analyzer will be used interchangeably to refer to the
instrument. The term DUT is used in place of device under test.
Path names may be used to represent the keystrokes and button presses for a desired action or procedure. The
path name generally begins with a front panel key, keyboard key, or main menu icon selection followed by
additional sub-menu selections, each separated by a vertical line ( | ). Front panel key names and menu
selections are presented in the manual as they are on the system, that is in initial caps, all uppercase letters,
or with symbols as appropriate.
Note: In cases where a sub-menu is automatically expanded by accessing the main menu, the path still shows
that sub-menu as part of the selection.
MS278XB OM
1-1
Product Description
General Information
1-2 Product Description
The Signature Signal Analyzer is a single instrument that integrates state-of-the-art spectrum, vector signal
and digital modulation analysis into one easy to use instrument. It incorporates the following capabilities:
• Highly accurate spectrum measurements covering the range of 100 Hz to 8 GHz in a single band
• Vector measurements of modulated signals up to 30 MHz bandwidth
• Modulation and signal quality measurements of cellular and WLAN signals at the press of a button
• Multiple sweep and detector modes available in a single multi-trace setup
• Easy to use, customizable Microsoft Windows based User Interface
• Custom waveform and signal analysis using on board direct data linking to MATLAB® and Simulink®
tools
• Control of external signal sources and other instruments via SCPI, IEEE488.2, and Web Services
• Remote Control via a Local Area Network or the Internet
• Ability to run user applications and device drivers on its embedded PC
The advanced design of the Anritsu Signature Signal Analyzer features the following innovations:
• RF/analog architecture optimized for maximum dynamic range, high accuracy, and operation to 8 GHz
in a single band
• Exclusive low conversion loss mixer technology
• Exclusive 2 dB per step impedance-matched input attenuator
• Advanced design digital phase-lock loop local oscillator technology for maximum stability and sweep
speed with lowest phase noise and spurious signals
• Upgradeable open architecture for lowest total cost of ownership
• Field replaceable, pre-calibrated functional modules
• Digital FPGA technology for maximum performance and ease of upgrade
• Industry standard, obsolescence-proof Compact PCI digital modules
• Improved reliability through an advanced, low ambient noise thermal management system
1-2
MS278XB OM
General Information
Product Description
RF/Analog Architecture
The RF/analog architecture of the Signature Signal Analyzer is designed to maximize performance over a wide
frequency and dynamic range. Signature’s basic RF/analog block diagram is shown in Figure 1-1, below:
Figure 1-1.
Basic Signature RF/Analog Block Diagram
The input signal, from either the internal 50 MHz calibrator or the test port input, is routed through the input
attenuator and then to the first mixer where it is converted to the first IF frequency of 9.5 GHz. This allows the
entire range of 100 Hz to 8 GHz to be covered in a single band without the need for preselecting. The signal is
then down-converted in the second mixer to 1.1 GHz. The frequencies of both the first and second local
oscillators can be adjusted to avoid any possible spurious response. In the third mixer, the signal is converted
to 75 MHz. While the system’s pass bandwidth up to this point has been maintained at greater than 100 MHz,
the signal path is now routed to either a wideband 75 MHz IF section, used exclusively for vector signal
analysis, or a lower bandwidth 10.7 MHz IF section, used for spectrum analysis and low bandwidth signal
analysis. While there are prefilters in the RF/analog section, the task of shaping the IF bandwidth is left
mainly to the digital section, where advanced DSP technology can be used.
Digital Architecture
The digital architecture of the Signature Signal Analyzer is built around an industry-standard Compact PCI
based embedded PC. The PC section handles all control, data management, display, and user interface aspects
of the instrument’s operation. In addition to the embedded PC, two specialized modules play important roles in
the instrument’s operation:
• The Digital IF Module employs a state-of-the-art FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) to perform IF
bandwidth filtering, detection, and data formatting, as well as providing the heartbeat for the real-time
data acquisition circuitry.
• The optional 30 MHz Wideband IF Module employs an advanced design analog-to-digital conversion
circuit working in conjunction with an LSI based digital signal processing section to capture large
contiguous samples of wideband I/Q data for analysis.
These two modules pass data to the embedded PC for further processing, display, storage or transmission to
external devices.
MS278XB OM
1-3
Product Description
General Information
Software Architecture
The operating software of the Signature Signal Analyzer is based on the Microsoft® .Net platform and takes
full advantage of the Windows® XP Professional operating system. All of the user interface constructs are
based on the Windows model so that a new user who is familiar with Windows applications can learn to
operate the instrument very quickly.
The fact that the Signature’s main software is a Windows application also means that users can write their
own programs in languages such as Visual Basic to run on the embedded PC and customize the operation of
the instrument. Commercially available software, such as Microsoft Office and MATLAB from The
MathWorks, can also interact with the instrument’s programming and measurement data.
In order to maximize the responsiveness of the system, additional control programs run on dedicated
microcomputers in most of the system’s modules. These programs receive their instructions from the embedded
PC through an internal network, but can operate autonomously to provide high speed hardware real-time
control. This approach frees the instrument from the inherent response time limitations of the Windows-based
PC while improving flexibility and measurement speed.
When used as a standalone instrument, the 8 GHz analyzer can perform the following measurements:
• All typical spectrum analysis, including channel power, carrier to noise ratio, conformance to spectral
mask, peak signal frequency, and amplitude
• All typical vector signal measurements, such as constellation and vector plots, carrier leakage, I/Q
imbalance, and quadrature error
• Smart one-button measurements such as ACPR, signal bandwidth, EVM (error vector magnitude), and
BER (bit error rate)
When configured with one external source, the 8 GHz analyzer can perform the following network
measurements:
• Frequency Response
• Return Loss
• Group Delay
• 1 dB Compression
When configured with two external sources, the 8 GHz analyzer can perform the same set of measurements, as
well as perform the following network measurements:
• Conversion Loss
• Group Delay (frequency translating devices)
• Intermodulation Distortion
• 2nd Order Intercept
• 3rd Order Intercept
1-4
MS278XB OM
General Information
Product Description
External Interfaces
In addition to the visible front panel interfaces, the MS278XB provides the following device interfaces:
• IEEE488.2 GPIB: Connects the MS278XB to an external controller for remote programming. This
interface is detailed in the MS278XB Programming Manual, Part Number: 10410-00274.
• Printer: Provides a connection for printers with Parallel (Centronics) interfaces.
• XGA Output: Provides an Extended Graphics Array connector for an external monitor.
• PS/2 Keyboard and Mouse: Provides for the use of an external PS/2 keyboard and mouse.
• Ethernet: Provides network interface and control of the MS278XB. This interface is detailed in the
MS278XB Programming Manual, Part Number: 10410-00274.
• USB: Provides Type A USB ports on the front and rear panel to connect most USB compatible devices.
Identification Number
All Anritsu instruments are assigned a unique six-digit ID number, such as “040101.” This number is affixed to
a decal on the rear panel of each unit. In any correspondence with Anritsu customer service, please use this
number.
Options and Accessories
Table 1-1 and Table 1-2 lists Signature’s options and accessories with a brief description of each.
Table 1-1.
Signature’s Available Options List
Option Number
Option Description
Option 1
Rack Mount Adapter
Option 1A
Slide Mount Adapter
Option 3
GPIB Interface
Option 22
30 MHz IF Bandwidth (includes baseband differential I & Q inputs)
Option 30
WCDMA Modulation Analysis
Option 38
QAM/PSK modulation analysis (requires Option 22)
Option 40
MATLAB Connectivity
Option 41
WiMAX Modulation Analysis
Option 52
Phase Noise Measurements
Option 98
Z540/ISO Guide 25 Calibration
Option 99
Premium Calibration
ES50MMD
Extends Warranty to 5 Years
Table 1-2.
Signature’s Optional Accessories
Part Number
Optional Accessory Description
10410-00275
Signature MS278XB Maintenance Manual (Hard Copy)
1N50B
Limiter/DC Block, N(m) to N(f), 50 W, 1 MHz to 3 GHz
1N50C
Limiter, N(m) to N(f), 50 W, 10 MHz to 18 GHz
42N50A-30
30 dB Attenuator, 50 W N(m) to N(f)
12N50-75B
75 W Matching Pad, DC to 3 GHz, 50 W, N(m) to 75 W N(f)
11N50B
Power Divider, 1 MHz to 3 GHz, 50 W, N(f) Input, N(f) Output
2100-1
GPIB Cable, 1M
2100-2
GPIB Cable, 2M
70-28
Headset
MS278XB OM
1-5
Preventive Maintenance
General Information
1-3 Preventive Maintenance
Routine maintenance that can be performed by the operator consists of cleaning the data display, protecting
the operating system, and replacing a defective line fuse.
Cleaning the Touch Screen
The touch screen is protected by a plastic display filter. To clean the display filter, dampen a soft cloth with a
mild soap and water solution, or a commercial window cleaner. Do not use abrasive cleaners, tissues, or paper
towels that can scratch the plastic surface. Gently wipe the display filter to clean.
Operating System Integrity
The Microsoft Windows XP operating system is configured for optimum signal analysis performance when it
leaves the factory. To maintain the system’s operating integrity, follow proper Windows shutdown procedures
and do NOT modify the operating system settings or registry, hard drive partitions, or Anritsu user accounts.
Antivirus Protection
Signature is compatible with McAfee® VirusScan® Enterprise version 8.0.0. Signature has also been
tested with most common antivirus software, but stability is not guaranteed with all antivirus software.
Anritsu recommends that antivirus software be installed when the instrument is connected to a
network/Internet. The user assumes the responsibility to provide antivirus software as this is not
supplied with the instrument.
Windows Updates
Anritsu tests Signature with the latest Microsoft security updates as they become available; however,
not all Microsoft updates are compatible with Signature and may affect the performance of the analyzer,
if installed. Before connecting Signature to the Internet, consult Anritsu customer service for procedures
on how to safeguard the instrument from undesired conditions that could result from Windows
vulnerabilities.
1-6
MS278XB OM
General Information
Preventive Maintenance
Operating System Backup and Recovery
Signature is configured with the Norton® Ghost® backup and recovery system. This system can be accessed
from the desktop Start menu or by double clicking the Ghost icon in the system tray.
You can configure Ghost to make system backups or recover previous backups through its backup and recovery
dialogs below:
Figure 1-2.
Norton Ghost Backup and Recovery Dialog
Ghost backups are stored to a recovery partition (D:) on the Signature hard drive.
In the event that the Signature operating system becomes corrupted or inoperable, the instrument is shipped
with a System Restore DVD that allows a complete system restoration. To restore the system to the original
factory configuration, you will need to boot the instrument from the Norton Ghost CD and have the Signature
System Restore DVD.
Caution: Restoring the system software will remove all user data and programs from the instrument hard drive.
The instrument will be configured exactly as it was when it was shipped from the factory, including the
original option configuration. Before starting the system recovery procedure, back up all user data and
ensure that installation files for any additional software or instrument options is available for
reinstallation.
The Norton Ghost CD will load a menu and prompt you with installation instructions. Follow the on-screen
instructions to reinstall the Signature operating system.
Note: The recovery DVD is printed with the serial number of the instrument and the date when it was made.
Ensure that the proper recovery DVD is used when restoring the Signature system.
For more information about using Norton Ghost, refer to its online Help, which is accessed from the upper
right corner of the dialogs, or to the Norton Ghost user guide, which is found on the Norton Ghost CD shipped
with the instrument.
MS278XB OM
1-7
Preventive Maintenance
General Information
Replacing the Line Fuses
The line fuses used in the MS278XB are 6.3A, type T fuses. The line fuse values are printed on the rear panel
next to the power connector. Always use a new fuse of the type and rating specified by the fuse markings on the
rear panel of the instrument. To replace the line fuses, follow the procedure below.
Danger: Before changing the fuse, always remove the power cord from the power outlet. There is the risk of
receiving a fatal electric shock if the fuse is replaced with the power cord connected.
Refer to Figure 1-3, below, during the following steps:
1. Set the MS278XB to standby mode using the power button and disconnect the power cord from the rear
panel power receptacle.
2. Using a small flat-blade screwdriver, carefully pry under the tab next to the rear panel power receptacle
to open the fuse block cover and gain access to the fuse holder.
3. Slide out the fuse holder.
4. Replace the fuse in the fuse holder.
5. Install the fuse holder back into the rear panel fuse block.
6. Close the cover to secure the fuse holder in place. The cover will close with an audible snap.
Figure 1-3.
Replacing the Rear Panel Fuse
7. Reconnect the analyzer to the power source and set the MS278XB to Operate using the front panel power
button.
Internal Battery
The MS278XB has a Lithium battery installed on the CPU assembly. Battery replacement should be referred
to an authorized Anritsu service center.
1-8
MS278XB OM
Chapter 2 — Preparation for Use
2-1 Introduction
This chapter provides information for the initial inspection, preparation for use, and installation instructions
for the MS278XB signal analyzer. Information is also included for interfacing the MS278XB through:
• IEEE-488.2 General Purpose Interface Bus
• Ethernet Port
• External Devices
Detailed programming information can be found in the MS278XB programming manual (part number: 1041000274) that came with the analyzer on CD or in the online Help system.
2-2 Operating Environment
The MS278XB operational environmental specifications are listed below:
Table 2-1.
MS278XB Operational Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature Range: 0 to +50 degrees Celsius (per MIL-PRF-28800F)
Relative Humidity: 5% to 95% (per MIL-PRF-28800F)
Altitude: 4,600 meters, 43.9 cm Hg
Vibration: Sinusoidal 5 Hz to 55 Hz on 3 axes
2-3 Power Requirements
The MS278XB is equipped with automatic line-power sensing and will operate with any of the following line
voltages: 100V, 120V, 220V, 240V (+5%, –10%), 48–63 Hz, 350 VA. The MS278XB is intended for Installation
Category (Over Voltage Category) II.
Warning: When supplying power to this equipment, connect the accessory 3pin power cord to a 3-pin grounded power outlet. If a grounded 3-pin
outlet is not available, use a conversion adapter and ground the
green wire, or connect the frame ground on the rear panel of the
equipment to ground. If power is supplied without grounding the
equipment, there is a risk of receiving a severe or fatal electric shock.
MS278XB OM
2-1
Unpacking the Product
Preparation for Use
2-4 Unpacking the Product
Initial Inspection
Inspect the shipping container for damage. If the container or cushioning material is damaged, retain until the
contents of the shipment have been checked against the packing list and the instrument has been checked for
mechanical and electrical operation.
If the MS278XB is damaged mechanically, notify your local sales representative or Anritsu Customer Service.
If either the shipping container is damaged or the cushioning material shows signs of stress, notify the carrier
as well as Anritsu. Keep the shipping materials for the carrier’s inspection.
Warning: Use two or more people to lift and move this equipment, or use an
equipment cart. There is a risk of back injury if this equipment is lifted
by one person.
After removing the instrument from the shipping container, inspect the contents against the list found in the
following section.
Package Contents
Signature comes with a standard set of accessories. In addition to the basic instrument, Table 2-1 lists the
standard set of items that are commonly shipped with the base model.
Table 2-2.
Standard Shipment Contents
Part Number
Description
MS278XB
High Performance Signature SPA/VSA
800-XXX
Power Cord
60004
Restore Software DVD-ROM
2000-1389
USB Optical Mouse
970-635
Blank CD R/W Disk
631-73
Spare Fuse
Standard Document Set (on CD-ROM and installed in the instrument)
2-2
10920-00048
Manuals CD-ROM
10410-00273
MS278XB Operation Manual
10410-00274
MS278XB Programming Manual
10450-00002
Signature Online Help System
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Assembly (optional)
2-5 Assembly (optional)
Rack Mount Installation
Instruments that are ordered from the factory with Option 1, Rack Mount, should have the rack mount preinstalled. Option 1 may be ordered at a later time. To install the Option 1 rack mount kit, refer to the
procedure below:
1. Disconnect the line cord and any other attachments from the instrument.
2. Carefully place the instrument on a secure and stable work surface.
3. Using a Phillips screwdriver, remove the two front panel handles and the four feet at the rear (see
Figure 2-1). Save the screws for later use.
Note: The green-headed screws have a metric thread and must be reused in the same locations from which they
were removed. Replacing these screws with different thread, such as SAE threaded screws, will damage
the instrument chassis.
Figure 2-1.
Instrument Handles and Feet Removal Diagram
MS278XB OM
2-3
Assembly (optional)
Preparation for Use
4. Install the rack mount slides over the threaded studs on the rack mount bracket and handle fixtures as
shown in Figure 2-2, below, and secure them in place with the two fastening nuts.
(Push the button at 1 to release and extend the slide.)
Figure 2-2.
Rack Mount Slide Assembly Diagram
5. Install the two rack mount bracket and slide assemblies onto the instrument sides using the greenheaded screws removed earlier (Figure 2-3).
Figure 2-3.
Rack Mount Assembly Installation Diagram
This completes the installation of the slide assembly.
2-4
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Power On Procedure
2-6 Power On Procedure
No initial setup is required. After unpacking, the MS278XB is ready for use; however, it is strongly
recommended that you connect an external keyboard and mouse to facilitate ease of use of the Windows
operating system, particularly when installing third-party software (refer to Section 2-4).
The MS278XB is equipped with automatic line-power sensing and will operate with any of the following line
voltages: 100V, 120V, 220V, 240V (+5%, –10%), 48–63 Hz, 350 VA. The MS278XB is intended for Installation
Category (Over Voltage Category) II.
Warning: When supplying power to this equipment, connect the accessory 3pin power cord to a 3-pin grounded power outlet. If a grounded 3-pin
outlet is not available, use a conversion adapter and ground the
green wire, or connect the frame ground on the rear panel of the
equipment to ground. If power is supplied without grounding the
equipment, there is a risk of receiving a severe or fatal electric shock.
After the above warning has been addressed, plug the instrument into an adequate mains supply and set the
instrument to Operate by pressing the Standby/Operate front panel key.
Instrument Startup
Signature requires at least two minutes to initially power up, load the system software, and perform a series of
internal calibrations. During this time, informational screens will be displayed.
After the instrument has completed its startup, the Signature application will be running. To access the PC
functions and minimize the Signature application, access the View drop-down menu and select Desktop.
During power-up, the system goes into a “startup” state in which a self-test checks all of the sub-systems for
proper operation; the firmware is also downloaded into the various peripheral devices. During this time, an
informational splash screen is shown as illustrated below:
Figure 2-4.
Signature Startup Splash Screen
Warm-up Time
Signature requires 30 minutes warm-up time to meet operating specifications.
MS278XB OM
2-5
Configuration
Preparation for Use
Instrument Shutdown
To shut down the instrument press and hold the front panel Standby/Operate key for longer than one second.
Windows will begin the shutdown process and automatically close open applications. It is not advised to turn
the power off at the rear panel or pull the power cord until Windows has been properly shut down.
Note: After turning off the instrument, you must wait at least 10 to 15 seconds before turning the instrument back
on again. This delay is required to allow the internal power supplies to discharge and to assure a reliable
cold start.
2-7 Configuration
This section describes the various aspects of the instrument configurations both inside and outside of the main
instrument software. The following system configurations are described below:
• BIOS Configuration
• Windows XP Configuration
• Analyzer Configuration
• Main Menu Tool Bar Configuration
BIOS Configuration
This section describes a few requirements of the BIOS setup.
Caution: It is strongly recommended that you do not enter or change the BIOS settings. The BIOS is configured
at the factory for optimum system performance. Incorrect BIOS settings can render the system
unusable.
Before entering the BIOS, you must install a PS2 keyboard. USB devices are not supported outside of
the Windows operating environment.
The BIOS setup utility can be accessed by pressing F2 during the initial power up state when the Anritsu blue
screen appears. If the system proceeds to the Windows XP startup screen, the BIOS will not be entered and the
system will require a restart before BIOS entry can be attempted.
Note: After turning off the instrument, you must wait at least 10 to 15 seconds before turning the instrument back
on again. This delay is required to allow the internal power supplies to discharge and to assure a reliable
cold start.
Once the BIOS setup utility is entered, changes can be made in the usual manner. USB BIOS Legacy
Support must remain disabled and the USB Host Controller must remain enabled. Failure to preserve
these setting may result in display malfunction.
Pressing F3 will load the BIOS Setup Defaults. Pressing F4 will save the current settings (including any
changes that were made) to BIOS and exit the BIOS setup utility.
2-6
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Configuration
Windows XP Configuration
This section describes the various aspects of the instrument outside of the main instrument software
(Signature application). It specifically addresses the various configurations and properties of the “open”
Windows XP environment that are set at the Factory.
Caution: Changing some of the default Windows XP settings may cause a loss of instrument control or undesired
instrument behavior. Changing the Windows Regional and Language Options settings may cause
unstable front panel operation. These settings must be maintained as English (United States) as is set
at the factory by default.
Several of the Windows XP settings (primarily Desktop settings, Folder options, and Task Bar settings) can be
saved and recalled using the File and Settings Transfer Wizard in Windows XP (“migwiz.exe” accessed from
the command line).
Note: The Quick Launch properties and Power Savings settings do not get saved using the “migwiz.exe” tool.
User Installed Applications and Data
If Signature requires service or calibration, the system may be returned to factory specifications and
reimaged with a standard software configuration. User installed applications and data may be lost and
unable to be retrieved. It is advised that user data be backed up or copied and retained by the user.
Applications will need to be reinstalled from their original installation disks. A complete system restore
from a previous user backup is not advised after service or calibration as this will result in the new
calibrations being overwritten, thus voiding the calibration accuracy.
Desktop Properties
Background—Wallpaper set to None.
Screen Saver—Set to None.
Fonts—Size set to Large Fonts and the font properties for the Menu category set to Tahoma 14
with a size of 30.
Power Savings—In the “Home/Office Desk Power Scheme” group, the “Turn Off monitor” setting
should be set to “Never.”
User Accounts
There is one User Account set up by default:
SignatureUser—This account is password protected (the password is “2780”). A password is necessary
for the Remote Desktop feature to work. This account is the default account and is set to Auto Logon.
Directory Structure
The following Directory Structure is used for installation of Signature related programs, files, etc.:
• C:\Signature: Root Directory
• C:\Signature\SignatureHelpSystem: Contains Help Files, Application Notes, Manuals,
Examples, Data Sheets, etc.
• C:\Signature\Bin: Contains Instrument Binary Files
• C:\Signature\Dependencies: Contains Calibration Data, Initialization Files, etc.
• C:\Signature\Setup: Contains Instrument Setup Files
• C:\Signature\External Applications: Contains Executable Files for
Option 41 (WiMAX Modulation Analysis) and Option 52 (Phase Noise Measurements)
MS278XB OM
2-7
Configuration
Preparation for Use
Security Settings
The following security related settings are configured in the instrument:
• Internet Explorer Security Settings set to High
• Firewall set to On
• Encryption on File System set to Off
• Passwords are Enabled on all User Accounts
Remote Access
GPIB
The default GPIB properties that are set in the factory are:
• GPIB Address 1
• Mode Talker/Listener
Note: You can access the National Instruments GPIB Configuration dialog box directly from the System Menu in
the instrument software for any changes to the GPIB settings. See “GPIB Setup” on page 2-13.
TCP/IP
All default TCP/IP settings are used.
Note: You can access the Windows XP TCP/IP dialog box directly from the System menu in the instrument
software for any changes to the TCP/IP settings. See “LAN Setup” on page 2-18.
Remote Desktop
Refer to the Remote Desktop section in Chapter 7.
Computer Name
The computer name is set to SNXXXXXX (where XXXXXX is the Anritsu serial number for the
instrument).
Third Party Software
The following third party software is loaded onto the instrument’s hard drive:
• Adobe Acrobat Reader
• MATLAB (A special demo version is copied onto the hard disk and requires installation.)
Hard Disk Configuration
One Primary Partition—This is the default booting partition.
One Recovery Partition—This contains a backup of the main partition that can be used to restore the
main partition if the main partition becomes corrupted. This is set up to be as small as possible (about
5% extra space is allocated in addition to the space consumed by the Recovery utility).
2-8
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Configuration
Analyzer Configuration
This section describes how to determine which instrument options are installed or are available for
installation. Start by selecting Options from the Tools drop-down menu shown below:
Figure 2-5.
Tools Drop-down Menu
This displays the Options dialog box (below), which lists the installed options and their availability.
Figure 2-6.
Options Dialog
If an option is installed, it will be listed as Installed. If the option is not installed, it will be listed as Install
Now. If the option is not available or requires additional support, such as hardware, it will be indicated as
such.
MS278XB OM
2-9
Configuration
Preparation for Use
Installing Options
To install an Option, you will need to contact Anritsu customer service to obtain an installation key.
Once the key has been obtained, you can install an option by pressing the Install Now button on the
Options menu. Pressing the Install Now button will open the OptionsWiz dialog below:
Figure 2-7.
OptionsWiz Dialog
Enter your key in the Options Code parameter field and press Next. If the key you entered is validated,
you will be informed of a successful installation in the dialog below:
Figure 2-8.
2-10
OptionsWiz Dialog
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Configuration
If the key is not validated, or there are additional requirements to install the option, you will be notified
with a description of the additional requirements in a dialog similar to that shown below:
Figure 2-9.
OptionsWiz Dialog
For further assistance with installing options, contact your nearest Anritsu customer service center
found in Table 1-4.
Customizing the Tool Bar
Signature’s tool bar can be customized by adding commonly used icons and eliminating those that are
seldom used. To customize the tool bar, select Tools | Add/Remove Tool Bar Items | Customize... from
the drop down menu bar. The Customize Toolbar dialog is displayed in Figure 2-33, below:
Figure 2-10. Customize Toolbar Dialog
To add icons to the tool bar, select an icon from the available tool bar buttons and press Add –>. To
remove icons from the tool bar, select an icon from the current tool bar buttons and press <– Remove.
Additional tool bar configurations include rearranging the icons and resetting the tool bar icon set to
default.
MS278XB OM
2-11
Remote Interface Setup
Preparation for Use
2-8 Remote Interface Setup
Most of the MS278XB functions (except power on/off and initialization of the hard disk) can be controlled
remotely by an external computer/controller via the IEEE-488.2 GPIB or a Local Area Network (LAN). The
information in this section pertains to the interface connections and cable requirements for the GPIB Setup
and LAN Setup. Refer to the Model MS278XB Programming Manual, Anritsu Part Number: 10410-00274, for
detailed information about remote programming of the MS278XB using these remote interface options; refer to
Chapter 8, Remote Operation for detailed information on operating the instrument remotely using Windows
Remote Desktop or third party applications, such as WebEX or PCAnywhere™.
GPIB Setup
The MS278XB GPIB operates with any IBM® PC compatible computer/controller equipped with a National
Instruments® GPIB-PCI I/IIA interface card and supporting software.
GPIB Interface Connection
Connect your external controller to the IEEE 488.2 GPIB interface connector on the rear panel as shown
in Figure 2-11.
Figure 2-11. GPIB Interface Connection
The GPIB system can accommodate up to 15 devices at any one time. To achieve maximum performance
on the bus, proper timing and voltage level relationships must be maintained. If either the cable length
between separate instruments or the accumulated cable length between all instruments is too long, the
data and control lines cannot be driven properly and the system may fail to perform. The following
guidelines should be observed:
• No more than 15 instruments may be installed on the bus (including the controller).
• Total accumulative cable length (in meters) may not exceed two times the number of bus
instruments or 20 meters—whichever is less.
• Individual cable length should not exceed 4 meters.
• 2/3 of the devices must be powered on.
• Devices should not be powered on while the bus is in operation (that is; actively sending or
receiving messages, data, etc.).
• Minimize cable lengths to achieve maximum data transfer rates.
2-12
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Remote Interface Setup
GPIB Configuration
Apply power to the MS278XB and allow the system to power up. Once the software has finished loading
and start-up testing is complete, the MS278XB is ready to be remotely controlled via the GPIB. It is
important to note that the MS278XB will not respond to GPIB commands until the system’s software has
been loaded.
The default GPIB address for the MS278XB is one (1). To change the default GPIB address, do the
following on the MS2781B:
1. Access the System main menu by pressing the front panel System button, and then expand the
Configuration sub-menu.
2. Press the IO Config button, and then select GPIB.
Figure 2-12. MS278XB Configuration Sub-menu
MS278XB OM
2-13
Remote Interface Setup
Preparation for Use
This brings up the Measurement and Automation Explorer window, below:
Figure 2-13. National Instruments Measurement and Automation Explorer
3. On the left hand panel, go to My System | Devices and Interfaces | GPIB0 (PMC-GPIB), right click
on GPIB0, and then select properties from the pop-up menu.
2-14
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Remote Interface Setup
4. In the GPIB Configuration dialog, change the Primary GPIB Address to the desired value.
Figure 2-14. National Instruments GPIB Configuration Dialog
Make similar changes on the Remote PC side by selecting the System Controller choice and changing the GPIB
address as required.
When Signature is selected as the system controller, the message “System Controller” is displayed in
Signature’s status bar.
Note: Signature cannot be remotely controlled through GPIB by another remote PC when it is selected as the
system controller.
MS278XB OM
2-15
Remote Interface Setup
Preparation for Use
LAN Setup
The LAN can be set up via the RJ45 Ethernet port.
Network Connections
The MS278XB supports 10/100 BASE-T. You can connect the analyzer directly to your LAN via the RJ45
connector on the rear panel. Refer to Figure 2-14, below, for an illustration.
Figure 2-15. Ethernet Connection
Network Interface Setup
TCP/IP connectivity requires setting up the parameters described at the beginning of this section. You
may need to contact your network administrator or refer to your network documentation for further
assistance. The following procedure is a general overview of how to set up a general LAN connection on
both the MS278XB and the remote machine. The actual menus and sequence may vary.
1. From the Start menu, select Control Panel.
Figure 2-16. Start Menu
2-16
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Remote Interface Setup
2. From the Control Panel, select Network Connections.
Figure 2-17. Control Panel
Note: If your connection already exists and just needs to be modified, skip the next steps and proceed to Step 11.
MS278XB OM
2-17
Remote Interface Setup
Preparation for Use
3. In the Network Connections window, under Network Tasks on the left pane, select Create a new
connection.
Figure 2-18. Network Connections
4. The New Connection Wizard guides you through the new connection setup. Press Next to continue.
Figure 2-19. New Connection Wizard
2-18
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Remote Interface Setup
5. Select Connect to the network at my workplace and press Next.
Figure 2-20. New Connection Wizard
6. Select Virtual Private Network connection and press Next.
Figure 2-21. New Connection Wizard
MS278XB OM
2-19
Remote Interface Setup
Preparation for Use
7. Enter the name of your new connection and press Next.
Figure 2-22. New Connection Wizard
8. Enter the Host name or IP address for your network.
Figure 2-23. New Connection Wizard
2-20
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Remote Interface Setup
9. Select the connection availability of your choice and press Next.
Figure 2-24. New Connection Wizard
10. If you desire to have an Icon placed on the desktop, check the box and press Finish to create your
new connection.
Figure 2-25. New Connection Wizard
MS278XB OM
2-21
Remote Interface Setup
Preparation for Use
11. If a connection needs to be manually set up or modified, you can right click on the connection name
in the Network Connections window (Figure 2-17) and select Properties from the pop-up dialog
box.
Figure 2-26. Local Area Connection Properties
12. From the properties dialog above, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click on the Properties
button. From here, you can select to dynamically obtain an IP address automatically, or manually
configure your network connection.
Figure 2-27. General Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
2-22
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Remote Interface Setup
13. For additional setup configurations, select Obtain an IP address automatically, then select the
Alternate Configuration tab.
Figure 2-28. Alternate Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
Note: You may need to consult your network documentation or network administrator for assistance in manually
configuring your network setup.
MS278XB OM
2-23
Connecting External Devices
Preparation for Use
2-9 Connecting External Devices
Signature offers a variety of external device interfaces that facilitate ease of operation and enhance the
usability of the instrument.
Connecting an External Keyboard or Mouse
The external keyboard and mouse interfaces use standard PS/2 type connectors. When connecting either a PS/
2 keyboard or mouse, ensure that the instrument is set to standby mode before connecting them to the rear
panel. When the MS278XB is set to Operate, the keyboard and mouse should be automatically detected by the
operating system and be ready for use. To use any advanced features of your external keyboard and mouse,
follow the manufacturers installation instructions.
Note: Advanced keyboard and mouse features may not be supported in the analyzer application, but should
function as expected in the Windows environment.
Connecting an External Monitor
The external monitor interface is a standard 15-pin, D-type connector. When connecting an external monitor,
ensure that the instrument is in standby mode and that the monitor is disconnected from its power source.
When the MS278XB is set to Operate, the monitor should be automatically detected by the operating system
and be ready for use.
Note: You may wish to install the monitor’s hardware driver that was provided by the manufacturer to enhance
performance; however, this is not typically necessary.
Connecting an External Printer
The external printer interface is a standard parallel connector. Install your printer driver according to the
manufacturer’s directions. Typically, the hardware connection will need to be made with the analyzer in the
standby, or off, mode to allow for proper initialization of the hardware during boot-up of the operating system.
If you attempt to print while in the Signature application before a printer is installed, you will be prompted to
install a printer. The following procedure is a general overview of how to add a printer. The actual menus and
sequence may vary.
Figure 2-29. Anritsu MS2781 Add Printer Dialog
2-24
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Connecting External Devices
Pressing Yes will initiate the Windows Add Printer Wizard shown below.
Figure 2-30. Add Printer Wizard
If you are installing a network printer, continue with the Wizard as described below. Otherwise, it is
recommended that you follow the manufacturer’s installation instructions for your printer.
Figure 2-31. Add Printer Wizard
MS278XB OM
2-25
Connecting External Devices
Preparation for Use
1. Select the network radio button and press Next.
Figure 2-32. Add Printer Wizard
2. Enter the name and location of your network printer, or select Browse for a printer, then press Next.
Figure 2-33. Find Printers Dialog
2-26
MS278XB OM
Preparation for Use
Connecting External Devices
3. Select the location of your network printer and press Find Now, then select your printer from the list and
press OK.
Figure 2-34. Add Printer Wizard
4. Press Finish to complete the Add Printer Wizard.
Connecting an External USB Device
The external USB interface is a standard Type A, USB connector that supports the USB 2.0 standard.
Signature can interface with a variety of external USB devices, such as a keyboard, mouse, printer, scanner,
drive, or camera. The USB interface offers the same behavior that is typically experienced in the Windows
environment. You may connect your USB devices as directed by the manufacturer’s instructions.
Note: A USB mouse may require a hot connection while the instrument is in the Operate mode with the Signature
software running. If a USB mouse fails to operate when the instrument is started with the mouse plugged
into the USB port, reboot the instrument with the mouse disconnected and make the hot connection after
the Signature software is running.
MS278XB OM
2-27
Preparation for Storage/Shipment
Preparation for Use
2-10 Preparation for Storage/Shipment
Preparation for Storage and Shipment
The following paragraphs give instructions for preparing the MS278XB for storage or shipment.
Preparation for Storage
Preparing the analyzer for storage consists of cleaning the unit, packing the inside of the storage container
with moisture-absorbing desiccant crystals, and storing the unit in a temperature controlled environment that
is maintained between –40°C and +75°C.
Preparation for Shipment
To provide maximum protection against damage in transit, the analyzer should be repackaged in the original
shipping container. If this container is no longer available and the unit is being returned to Anritsu for repair,
advise Anritsu Customer Service; they will send a new shipping container free of charge. In the event neither
of these two options is possible, instructions for packaging and shipment are given below.
Use a Suitable Container
Obtain a corrugated cardboard carton with a 125 kg test strength. This carton should have inside
dimensions of no less than 15 cm larger than the unit dimensions to allow for cushioning.
Protect the Instrument
Surround the unit with polyethylene sheeting to protect the finish.
Cushion the Instrument
Cushion the instrument on all sides by tightly packing dunnage or urethane foam between the carton
and the unit. Provide at least three inches of dunnage on all sides.
Seal the Container
Seal the carton by using either shipping tape or an industrial stapler.
Address the Container
If the instrument is being returned to Anritsu for service, mark the address of the appropriate Anritsu
service center and your return address on the carton in one or more prominent locations.
2-28
MS278XB OM
Chapter 3 — Instrument Overview
3-1 Introduction
This chapter provides information and instructions on operating the MS2781B signal analyzer using the front
panel controls. It contains the following:
• Illustrations and diagrams of the front panel, data display area, and data entry area that identify and
describe all front panel controls and interfaces.
• An annotated diagram of the menu display showing where the current setup information is located.
• Descriptions of measurement setups through the use of menus, property sheets, and wizards.
• An annotated diagram of the data displays showing where the current setup information and
measurement data is displayed.
• Descriptions of instrument error messages and status indicators.
This chapter also provides detailed information about all of the MS2781B rear panel interfaces and connectors.
3-2 Front Panel Overview
The MS2781B front panel is divided into two main areas—the Graphical User Interface (GUI) and the key pad
data entry area. The following paragraphs provide a brief description of the front panel controls, data display,
and data entry areas shown in Figure 3-1 on the following page. Detailed descriptions of the data display and
data entry areas are contained in Section 3-3.
MS278XB OM
3-1
Front Panel Overview
Figure 3-1.
3-2
Instrument Overview
MS278XB Front Panel Drawing
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Table 3-1.
Front Panel Overview
MS278XB Front Panel Legend
Index
Image
Description
1
Instrument Name Tag: The instrument name plate indicates the model
number and upper frequency of the instrument.
2
1/8 Inch Headphone Jack: The headphone jack is used to output audio and
can be used with a standard headphone speaker with a 1/8 inch type mono
or stereo plug.
3
Standby LED: This LED illuminates orange when power is applied and the
instrument is placed in standby mode.
4
Operate LED: This LED illuminates green when power is applied and the
instrument is placed in operate mode.
5
Numeric Keypad: These keys are used for numerical entry and are listed as
follows: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, ., +/–, Enter, and Backspace.
6
Preset Function Key: This key sets all of the user settable parameters to
their factory default values.
7
Increment Keys: The increment keys are used to increment a selected
value up or down.
8
Esc Key: The Esc key is used to cancel an initiated function.
MS278XB OM
3-3
Front Panel Overview
Table 3-1.
Index
3-4
Instrument Overview
MS278XB Front Panel Legend
Image
Description
9
Rotary Knob: The rotary knob is used to increment a selected value up or
down.
10
Minor Function Keys: The minor function keys are used to activate secondlevel menus.
11
Major Function Keys: The major function keys are used to activate basic
functional parameter setups and second-level menus found on the GUI.
12
Standby/Operate Key: This key toggles the instrument between standby
and operate mode.
13
DVD-ROM/CD-RW Drive Tray: This tray slides open and holds your CD
media.
14
DVD-ROM/CD-RW Drive Status LED: This LED illuminates green when
data is being read from the CD media and illuminates yellow when data is
being written to the CD media.
15
DVD-ROM/CD-RW Drive Tray Eject Button: This button is pressed to open
the CD media drive tray.
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Table 3-1.
Front Panel Overview
MS278XB Front Panel Legend
Index
Image
Description
16
DVD-ROM/CD-RW Drive Tray Manual Release: The manual release is
used when the drive tray fails to open and needs to be operated manually.
17
Data Display and Touch Panel GUI: The graphical user interface is used to
display measurement data and interactive finger-touch menus.
18
Front Panel USB Ports: The two front panel USB ports offer a convenient
interface access for USB compatible devices.
19
Probe Power Port: This port supplies power to your power probe.
20
Tracking Generator Output Port: This port provides for a Tracking
Generator option. This is a future option and is not used at this time.
21
RF Input Port: The RF Input Port provides the connection to the Device
Under Test. Input specification:
+30 dBm @ 50Ω, MAXIMUM ZERO (0) Volts DC, 100 Hz to 8 GHz
22
MS278XB OM
Source Output Port: This port provides for an Internal Modulated Source
option. This is a future option and is not used at this time.
3-5
Front Panel Overview
Instrument Overview
Data Display
The data display area is the large LCD touch screen. The touch screen is used to display measurements and
function menus. The touch screen has the ability to receive input from the active soft-keys with a simple press
of a finger. The majority of your interface with the analyzer is through the touch screen. Refer to Section 3-3 for
more information about interfacing with the LCD touch screen.
Front Panel Keys
The front panel keypad is used to set the analyzer in and out of standby operation, enter numerical data,
activate functions, and access menus on the GUI. The keypad is divided into groups consisting of the Major
Function Keys, Minor Function Keys, and Numeric Keys.
Major Function Keys
The major function keys are located along the right edge of the front panel and are mapped to key
functions of the instrument that are used most often. These keys activate basic functional parameter
setups and second-level menus found on the GUI. Each of the major function keys have default
parameters associated with them. The default parameter is available for adjustment via the increment
keys or rotary knob after the function is activated. The key becomes illuminated when it’s function is
active. The following list describes each of the key’s functionality:
Frequency: Use this key for accessing the frequency menus. The frequency menus
allow you to set the center, start, and stop frequencies, frequency span, frequency step
size, and frequency offset. The default parameter is the center frequency.
Amplitude: Use this key for accessing the amplitude menus. The amplitude menus allow
you to set the reference level, attenuation parameters, graticule scaling and units
parameters, and the level offset. The default parameter is the reference level.
Bandwidth: Use this key for accessing the bandwidth menus. The bandwidth menus
allow you to set the resolution and video bandwidths, sweep time, and bandwidth
coupling factors. The default parameter is the resolution bandwidth.
Marker: Use this key for accessing the marker menus. The marker menus allow you to
select the active marker along with the marker mode and access the marker search
functions. The default parameter is the active marker selection.
Measurement: Use this key for accessing the advanced measurement menus. The
advanced measure menus allow you to access the advanced measurement modes of the
spectrum analyzer, such as RF and Modulation measurements.
Figure 3-2.
3-6
Major Function Keys
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Front Panel Overview
Minor Function Keys
The minor function keys are located just left of the major function keys and activate second-level menu
trees on the GUI. Each of the minor function keys have default parameters associated with them. The
default parameter is available for adjustment via the increment keys or rotary knob after the function is
activated. The key becomes illuminated when it’s function is active. The following list describes each of
the key’s functionality:
Trace: Use this key for accessing the trace menus. The trace menus are used to set the
active trace, select the trace state, set the number of averages for the trace display, and
to select the detector type. The default parameter is the active trace selection.
Display: Use this key for accessing the display menus. The display menus are used to
activate and set display lines. The default parameter is the display line level parameter.
Sweep: Use this key for accessing the sweep menus. The sweep menus are used to
select between continuous and single sweep, trigger a new sweep, and to select the
sweep mode. The default parameter is the continuous/single sweep selection.
Trigger: Use this key for accessing the trigger menus. The trigger menus are used to
select the trigger source, set the trigger level, select the trigger slope, and to set the
trigger delay. The default parameter is the trigger source selection.
System: Use this key for accessing the system menus. The system menus are used to
access calibration and alignment modes, set up external reference sources, configure
phase noise performance, and to select the remote operating mode. The default
parameter is the calibrator selection mode.
File: Use this key for accessing the file menus. The file menus are used to save and
recall instrument setups and to export trace and measurement data to a file. The default
parameter is the Save selection.
Help: Use this key for accessing the Signature Help system. When this key is pressed,
context sensitive help is enabled and the topics are displayed in the graph area. Press
the key again to toggle the display back to the measurement data.
Figure 3-3.
Minor Function Keys
MS278XB OM
3-7
Front Panel Overview
Instrument Overview
Numeric and Cursor Keys
The numeric keys are located in a block next to the LCD display. These keys are used for entering and
manipulating data while in a parameter setup function:
Increment Up/Down: Use the increment up/down keys to increment an
active parameter (up or down) and to move an active marker to the next
step. The increment up/down keys allow you to increment or decrement the
active parameter in coarse/discrete steps. These steps usually follow the 1,
2, 3, 5 convention. These keys are mapped to the Page Up/ Page Down
keys on a standard keyboard.
Rotary Knob: The rotary knob functions much like the increment keys and
can be used to adjust active parameters and move active markers. The
rotary knob allows you to increment or decrement the active parameters with
a fine resolution. The rotary knob is mapped to the up/down arrow keys on a
standard keyboard.
Preset: Use this key to access the preset menu. The preset menu allows
you to preset all of the instrument parameters to factory defaults.
Esc: Use this key to escape a function setup or parameter entry that has
been initiated, but is not desired.
0,1,2...9: Use these keys for entering numerical values.
+/-: Use this key for changing a value’s numerical sign.
.: Use this key for entering a decimal point.
Back Space: Use this key for clearing an active entry.
Enter: Use this key for entering the data or executing a function.
Figure 3-4.
3-8
Numeric Keys
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Front Panel Overview
Connectors
The front panel connectors consist of the following:
• Probe Power Port: This port supplies power to your power probe. Table 3-2 shows the probe power port
pinout.
Table 3-2.
Pin
Probe Power Port Pinout
Description
1
+15 Vdc at 130 mA
2
Ground
3
-12.6 Vdc at 45 mA
• Tracking Generator Output Port: Not used at this time.
• RF Input Port: Ruggedized N-style connector, +30 dBm @ 50Ω, MAXIMUM ZERO (0) Volts DC from
100 Hz to 8 GHz input.
Table 3-3.
Pin
RF Input Port
Description
1
Outer Shield and Screw Fastener
2
Center Pin
• Source Output Port: Not used at this time.
MS278XB OM
3-9
Front Panel Overview
Instrument Overview
DVD-ROM/CD-RW Drive
The DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive is capable of reading digitally stored data on a variety of CD media. The drive is
also capable of writing digital data to CD-R and CD-RW media. You can use either 12 cm or 8 cm diameter
media. The DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive supports ATA Packet Interface (ATAPI), revision 2.6. Performance
specifications for the drive are listed in Table 3-4.
Table 3-4.
DVD-ROM/CD-RW Performance Specifications
Function
Specification
Compatible Read Disk Types
CD-DA, CD+(E)G, CD-MIDI, CD-TEXT, CD-ROM, CD-ROM XA, MIXED MODE,
CD-I, CD-I BRIDGE (PHOTO-CD, VIDEO-CD), CD-R, CD-RW, and
MULTISESSION (PHOTO-CD, CD EXTRA, PORTFOLIO), DVD-ROM (DVD-5,
DVD-9, DVD-10, DVD-18), DVD-R (VER 1.0 and 2.0), DVD-RW (VER 1.1),
DVD-RAM (VER 2.1)
Compatible Write Disk Types
CD-R and CD-RW of types listed above
Compatible Write Format
Disk at Once
Track at Once
Session at Once
Packet Write
Data Capacity (write)
Mode 1: 2048 Bytes/Block
656.5 Megabytes/Disk
Mode 2: 2336 Bytes/Block
748.8 Megabytes/Disk
Access Time
DVD-ROM: 100 ms
DVD-RAM: 170 ms
CD-ROM: 90 ms
Maximum Read Speed
CD-ROM: 24 Times
DVD-ROM: 8 Times
Maximum Sustained Data
Transfer Rate (read)
CD-ROM Mode 1: 3600 Kilobytes/sec.
CD-ROM Mode 2: 4104 Kilobytes/sec.
DVD-ROM Single: 10,820 Kilobytes/sec.
Maximum Write Speed
CD-R: 24 Times
CD-RW: 4 Times
(10 times for high speed CD-RW media)
Maximum Rotational Speed
5100 RPM (CD-ROM, CD-R)
Data Buffer Capacity
2 Megabytes
Caution: Do not use storage media that is of the incorrect type, such as improperly formatted CDs.
Do not insert more than one disk at a time into the drive tray.
Do not use excessive force when loading or ejecting disks.
Failure to follow these cautions could result in loss of data or damage to the equipment.
Manually Ejecting the DVD-ROM/CD-RW Drive Tray
If the CD-RW drive tray fails to eject, a paper clip can be used to release the tray for manual ejection.
Warning: Before proceeding, power down the instrument and remove the power cord from the rear panel power
receptacle.
3-10
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Front Panel Overview
1. To release the drive tray, insert a 1.0 mm diameter paper clip into the manual release hole as
shown in Figure 3-5.
15 mm
1.0 mm Diameter
Figure 3-5.
Manually Ejecting the CD-RW Drive Tray
2. Gently slide the tray open and remove your disk from the drive tray.
3. Remove the paper clip and carefully slide the drive tray completely closed.
If the drive tray does not slide smoothly, or there is excessive resistance, the mechanism may be
damaged and in need of service from an authorized Anritsu service center.
MS278XB OM
3-11
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
3-3 Graphical User Interface Overview
This section provides descriptions of the front panel graphical user interface, here forth referred to as the GUI.
The GUI is the LCD touch screen that can be accessed through direct touch or with a pointing device such as a
mouse. Figure 3-6 shows an annotated GUI.
Figure 3-6.
MS278XB Graphical User Interface
The major elements displayed on the LCD screen are the:
• MS-Windows style Drop-down Menu Bar
• Main Menu Bar
• Graticule and Measurement Setup Information
• Graticule and Data Display
• Main Menu Bar with Sub-menu Trees
• Instrument Messages and Status Bar
Warning: Do not use sharp objects, such as a pen or pencil, to touch the screen as damage may result.
3-12
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Graphical User Interface Overview
Drop-down Menu Bar
The drop-down menus along the top of the screen conform to MS-Windows standards. They provide consistent
application interfacing as that found in standard MS-Windows applications. In addition, there are menu
selections that allow you to activate the major/minor functions found on the front panel assembly.
Figure 3-7.
Drop-down Menu Bar
File
The File drop-down menu provides access to saving and recalling instrument setups, exporting trace
data, opening Windows File Explorer, or exiting the instrument application. The File drop-down menu
can be quickly accessed using the Alt-F keyboard combination.
Figure 3-8.
File Drop-down Menus
View
The View drop-down menu provides access to display control and facilitates access to the Windows
Taskbar. The View drop-down menu can be quickly accessed using the Alt-V keyboard combination.
Figure 3-9.
View Drop-down Menus
Taskbar
When you select Taskbar, the Windows Taskbar will be displayed allowing you to access the Windows
operating system and other third party software applications.
Desktop
This menu selection minimizes all open windows and shows the desktop.
Inverse Video
The Inverse Video selection inverts the video colors of the graph area. This is useful to enhance the
contrast between certain colors and for extracting graphical data to display in print format.
Message Log
Selecting Message Log opens the instrument message log on page 3-35.
MS278XB OM
3-13
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
Front Panel
The Front Panel drop-down menu provides access to all of the instrument’s main menus and sub-menus.
This is useful when the instrument is being accessed via the remote desktop feature.
Figure 3-10. Front Panel Drop-down Menus
Refer to the following for more information:
• Frequency Main Menu on page 4-4
• Amplitude Main Menu on page 4-7
• Bandwidth Main Menu on page 4-10
• Marker Main Menu on page 4-13
• Measurement Main Menu on page 4-19
• Trace Main Menu on page 4-23
• Display Main Menu on page 4-25
• Sweep Main Menu on page 4-27
• Trigger Main Menu on page 4-29
• File Main Menu on page 4-35
• System Main Menu on page 4-31
• MATLAB Setup Dialog on page 4-57
3-14
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Graphical User Interface Overview
Tools
The Tools drop-down menu provides access to the Customize Tool Bar dialog and MATLAB. The Tools
drop-down menu can be quickly accessed using the Alt-T keyboard combination.
Figure 3-11. Tools Drop-down Menus
Customize ToolBar...
This menu selection opens the Configure Toolbar dialog. Refer to “Customize Tool Bar Dialog” on page 456 for information about configuring the tool bar.
MATLAB
This menu selection opens the MATLAB dialog. Refer to Signature MathWorks Connectivity Description
on page 6-1 for information about using MATLAB.
Instrument Options
This menu selection opens the Options dialog, which displays the options list and indicates which
options are installed. Refer to Analyzer Configuration on page 2-9 for information about installing new
options.
Help
The Help drop-down menu provides access to the Signature Help System, system updates, technical
support, and the “About Anritsu Signature...” dialog. The Help drop-down menu can be quickly accessed
using the Alt-H keyboard combination.
Figure 3-12. Help Drop-down Menus
Contents and Index
This menu selection provides quick access to the navigation pane of the Signature Help System. This
navigation pane also provides a text based search feature to help you find information within the Help
system.
Documentation
This menu selection opens Windows Explorer to the directory where product support documentation can
be found.
Anritsu Web
This menu selection opens Internet Explorer to the Anritsu Web site, if an internet connection is
available.
MS278XB OM
3-15
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
About Anritsu Signature
The About Anritsu Signature dialog contains information about the analyzer’s software, provides a legal
disclaimer, and offers a link to the Window’s system information file.
Figure 3-13. Help | About Dialog
3-16
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Graphical User Interface Overview
Main Menu Bar
The Main Menu bar contains a set of icons that access the analyzer’s measurement and setup configuration
sub-menus. Pressing an icon will refresh the sub-menu tree with the related set of sub-menus. The Main Menu
bar can also be customized to display the icons you use most often. Each available icon is detailed in Table 3-5,
below:
Table 3-5.
Icon
Main Menu Bar Icon List
Description
The Frequency icon opens the “Frequency Main Menu” on page 4-4.
The Amplitude icon opens the “Amplitude Main Menu” on page 4-7.
The Bandwidth icon opens the “Bandwidth Main Menu” on page 4-10.
The Marker icon opens the “Marker Main Menu” on page 4-13.
The Mkrs Off icon turns off all of the markers.
The Mkr->Pk icon turns on the active marker (if no active markers are on) and sends the current
active marker to the trace peak.
The Pk->CF icon turns on the active marker (if no active markers are on), sends the current active
marker to the trace peak, and changes the center frequency of the sweep to the trace peak frequency
value.
The Pk->RL icon turns on the active marker (if no active markers are on), sends the current active
marker to the trace peak, and changes the reference level of the graticule to the trace’s peak
amplitude value.
The Next Peak icon turns on the active marker (if no active markers are on) and sends the current
active marker to the trace peak (or to the next trace peak if the active marker is already on).
The Measurement icon opens the “Measurement Main Menu” on page 4-19.
The Trace icon opens the “Trace Main Menu” on page 4-23.
MS278XB OM
3-17
Graphical User Interface Overview
Table 3-5.
Icon
Instrument Overview
Main Menu Bar Icon List
Description
The Sweep icon opens the “Sweep Main Menu” on page 4-27.
The Zero Span icon sets the span to zero span.
The Last Span icon recalls the previous span setting.
The Trigger icon opens the “Trigger Main Menu” on page 4-29.
Use the File icon to open and save instrument setups and configurations. See “File Main Menu” on
page 4-35
Use the Print icon to send the graticule display, setup and configuration files, or measurement data to
the printer.
The Preset icon presets the instrument.
The System icon opens the “System Main Menu” on page 4-31.
The Help icon accesses the Signature Help system. Press this icon to enable context sensitive help
and to display help topics in the graph area. Press the Help icon again to toggle the display back to
the measurement data.
The MATLAB icon accesses the “MATLAB Setup Dialog” on page 4-57.
3-18
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Graphical User Interface Overview
Sub-menu Trees
After pressing one of the Main Menu icons, the main menu tree is updated with the related sub-menus. Each
sub-menu and its related functions are documented in Chapter 4. A comprehensive list of menus is shown in
Figure 3-14, below:
Frequency Menu
Amplitude Menu
Bandwidth Menu
Display Menu
Measure Menu
Trace Menu
Trigger Menu
System Menu
Sweep Menu
File Menu
Marker Menu
Figure 3-14. Graphical List of Menus
Only one sub-menu can be expanded as needed by pressing the sub-menu header. When a new sub-menu is
expanded, the previous sub-menu automatically collapses. The sub-menus have a generalized behavior that is
common throughout the system. This behavior is described in the following paragraphs for each type of menu
control.
Entering Data and Fly-out Menus
Data parameter entry fields, such as center frequency or reference level, are accessed by pressing in the
parameter field. Pressing in a parameter field makes it active and is indicated by a shaded background
with a blinking cursor. When new menus are accessed, the default parameter field is automatically made
active. The active parameter field’s value can be incremented by using the rotary knob for fine steps or
the increment keys for coarse steps that follow the 1, 2, 3, 5 convention. Numerical data can also be
entered directly by using the keypad once the parameter field is made active.
When data is entered, a Fly-out menu flies out offering a variety of appropriate units, selections, or a
terminator operation, such as Enter or Cancel. Fly-out menus work in conjunction with the main menu
area and in some dialog boxes.
MS278XB OM
3-19
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
Figure 3-15 below illustrates the terminator fly-out menus that you may encounter when entering data:
Power Terminator
Frequency Terminator
Time Terminator
Enter Terminator
Figure 3-15. Terminator Fly-out Menus
Figure 3-16, below, illustrates most of the selection fly-out menus that you may encounter when entering
data:
RF Measurements
Measurements
Active Traces
Active Markers
Sweep Modes
Figure 3-16. Selection Fly-out Menus
3-20
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Modulation Graphs
Graphical User Interface Overview
CF Step Sizes
Modulation Types
Detector Types
Trigger Sources
Trace States
I/O Configuration
Span Presets
Standards
Figure 3-16. Selection Fly-out Menus
MS278XB OM
3-21
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
Spreading Factor
Phase Error
Constellation
Rotation
Magnitude Scale
Input
RACH/TCP
Command Pattern
CDP Zoom Factor
Transmit Diversity
Transmit Power
Step Size
Figure 3-16. Selection Fly-out Menus
3-22
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Active Code
Channels
Graphical User Interface Overview
Compressed Mode
Scramble Code
Code Domain Power
Marker Functions
Figure 3-16. Selection Fly-out Menus
Toggle Buttons
Several menus offer a simple on/off type of mode selection. When these controls are present, there is a
check mark indicating the current selection. To toggle the selection to the other mode, press on the
control button. Figure 3-17 below illustrates the toggle buttons that you may encounter in menus:
Figure 3-17. Toggle Buttons
Note: Control buttons that appear greyed out do not have functionality. This occurs when the function is not
appropriate for the particular instrument setup or mode of operation.
MS278XB OM
3-23
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
Drop-down Selection Menus
Many menus offer drop-down selections that contain a variety of choices. To access a drop-down selection
menu, press on the down arrow for the parameter you would like to change and the drop-down selections
will expand. To make a selection, press on one of the choices, then press Done. The current selection is
highlighted at the top of the drop-down selection menu. Figure 3-18 below illustrates a drop-down
selection menu:
Figure 3-18. Drop-down Selection Menu
Note: A selection may also be entered with a rapid double press of the selection or by highlighting the selection,
then pressing the Enter key on the front panel or keyboard.
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialogs
Parameter entry and measurement setup dialogs are used throughout the system to provide direct access to
related parameters for a given context. These dialogs will generally look like the one shown in Figure 3-19,
below.
Figure 3-19. Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog
Not all parameters are set by using dialogs. Only those functions that have a complex set of parameters to set
use dialogs. Most SPA functions use parameter entry fields and buttons in the sub-menu display to set their
measurement parameters. Many VSA functions use dialogs to set their measurement parameters. Refer to
“Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive” on page 4-36 for more information.
3-24
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Graphical User Interface Overview
Alpha-Numeric Entry
Alphanumeric entry can be accomplished through an external physical keyboard or through the on-screen
software keyboard. Figure 3-20 shows the on-screen keyboard interface.
Figure 3-20. MS278XB On-Screen Keyboard
The on-screen keyboard functions the same as most common keyboards. You simply press the key that you
want to enter. Additional settings are available through the drop-down menus on the keyboard interface
window. The on-screen keyboard is accessed through the Windows Taskbar (View | Taskbar) by pressing:
Start | Programs | Accessories | Accessibility | On-Screen Keyboard
MS278XB OM
3-25
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
Graticule
The Graph area is the main container for all of the measurement displays. The primary element in this area is
the trace data on a graticule display. Annotations provide feedback on the instrument’s hardware setup for the
measurement as well as measurement related warnings and status messages outside of the graticule area.
Spectral Analysis Graticule Displays
Figure 3-21 shows a typical display while in the spectral analysis mode. Most of the informational
annotations are indicated. Table 3-6 provides a detailed description of each of the display elements.
Figure 3-21. Spectral Analysis Graticule
3-26
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Table 3-6.
Index
Graphical User Interface Overview
Spectral Analysis Graticule Legend
Description
Status Indicator: This indicator (asterisk) is displayed when the current instrument setup does not
correspond to the one which was applied when a trace is displayed. This happens when:
The instrument setup is modified when the Sweep mode is set to Single and a new sweep has not
yet been triggered.
1
The instrument setup is modified in the middle of a measurement. The measurement is re-started
with the new setup and this indicator is shown until the entire trace is re-written.
2
Y-axis Scale: The Y-axis scale is labeled every other major grid line.
3
Sweep Status: Displays the sweep status of Triggered and Single sweep modes.
Trace Information: Trace information is displayed in the following format (the current active trace has
the text underlined):
4 to 8
Trc<n> <Trace Mode>
<Detector Mode>
<Trace Math>
Where:
n: Trace Number (1 to 5)
Trace Mode: Trace Mode (Clear Write, Max Hold, Min Hold, Average, View, or Off)
Detector: Detector Type (Auto, Normal, Maximum, Minimum, Sample, Average, or RMS)
Trace Math: Trace Math indicator (available when Trace Mode: Average is selected)
9
Sweep Mode: This field is used to display the sweep modes of Swept, FFT (Fast Fourier Transform), or
FFT-WB (Wideband).
10
Start Frequency: Indicates the start frequency of the sweep.
11
Frequency/Division: This field indicates the horizontal scaling per division.
12
Center Frequency: Indicates the center frequency of the sweep. If a frequency offset is set, OFFSET is
also displayed.
13
Span Frequency: Indicates the total span of the frequency sweep.
14
Stop Frequency: Indicates the stop frequency of the sweep.
15
Trace Display: Up to five traces can be displayed using the following colors: Trace 1--Yellow, Trace 2-Green, Trace 3--Cyan, Trace 4--Magenta, Trace 5--Red
16
Marker Display: Markers are annotated with the absolute power level next to the marker location.
17
Marker Display: Markers are annotated with the absolute power level next to the marker location.
18
Display Line: A display line may be displayed at any desired level.
19
Active Marker Field: The active marker number, frequency, and amplitude values are displayed in this
field. The trace that has received the marker is indicated in brackets. If the Marker is a Delta Marker, the
delta symbol (D) precedes the Mkr number and the values displayed are relative to the reference
marker.
20
Reference Marker Field: The reference marker number, frequency, and amplitude values are displayed
in this field. The displayed values are absolute in magnitude.
21
Bandwidth Setup: The bandwidth setup field displays the current Resolution Bandwidth, Video
Bandwidth, and Sweep Time settings. If the settings are manually entered, an asterisk is displayed.
22
Amplitude Setup: The amplitude setup field displays the current attenuation level, reference level, and
reference level offset. If the attenuation is set manually, an asterisk is displayed.
MS278XB OM
3-27
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
Data Displays
The following figures (Figure 3-22 to Figure 3-27) show the measurement tables that are displayed for
the one-button RF measurements.
Figure 3-22. Marker Table with Delta and Noise Marker
Figure 3-23. Occupied Bandwidth Measurement Table
Figure 3-24. Third Order Intercept Measurement Table
Figure 3-25. Channel Power Measurement Table
3-28
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Graphical User Interface Overview
Figure 3-26. Adjacent Channel Power Measurement Table
Figure 3-27. Multi-Carrier Power Table
MS278XB OM
3-29
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
Vector Signal Analysis Graticule Displays
Figure 3-28 shows trace data while using the various modulation graph types indicated below:
• Vector Graph Type
• EVM/Time Graph Type
• Constellation Graph Type
• Power/Time Graph Type
• Eye(I) Graph Type
• Eye(Q) Graph Type
Figure 3-28. Vector Signal Analysis Graticule
3-30
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Table 3-7.
Index
Graphical User Interface Overview
Vector Signal Analysis Graticule Legend
Description
1
Input Status: Indicates ADC overload and L.O. unlock.
2
Sweep Status: Displays the sweep status of Triggered and Single sweep modes.
3
Trace Display: Vector trace data is displayed in Yellow.
4
Y-axis Scale: This scale shows the normalized I and Q range when in the Vector, Constellation, Power
vs. Time, and Eye graph types; it shows percentage error (%) when in the EVM graph type.
5
X-axis Scale: This field shows the Symbols or Time.
6
Center Frequency: Indicates the center frequency of the sweep. If a frequency offset is set, OFFSET is
also displayed.
7
Marker Information: Displays the Symbol and I and Q magnitude.
8
Error Data: Displays the error vector magnitude, carrier frequency error, and symbol rate error.
9
Symbol Rate: Displays the current symbol rate
10
Amplitude Setup: The amplitude setup field displays the current attenuation level and reference level. If
the attenuation is set manually, an asterisk is displayed.
The Summary graph type displays the position and value (bits) of the demodulated signal.
Figure 3-29. QPSK Summary Display
MS278XB OM
3-31
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
Figure 3-30 is a summary table showing the key modulation quality measurements and the bit stream for one
of the codes.
Note that the bit stream can be very long in some cases. If you have captured the full 8 slots and have a HighSpeed (HSDPA) signal, there can be many pages of the bit stream. The scroll buttons at the right facilitate
viewing all of this information.
Figure 3-30. Single Code Summary Table
3-32
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Graphical User Interface Overview
Signature can also display a variety of data combinations as shown in the following figures.
Figure 3-31. Composite Constellation with Summary Table of Test Model 2
MS278XB OM
3-33
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
Figure 3-32. Code Domain Power for Test Model 1 with Zoom and Summary Table
For more detail about making modulation measurements and setting up the displays, refer to the appropriate
sections in Chapter 5.
3-34
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Messages and Status Bar
The Status Bar Area is used for instrument wide messages to show Status, Warnings, Errors, etc. Typically,
any warning messages displayed in this area will be shown until you perform some action on the interface.
Error indicators are persistent until you have viewed (and cleared) the error log.
Figure 3-33. Instrument Status Bar
General Status Messages
The status bar indicates the status of items, such as calibration in progress, FFT is in acquisition or
computation, startup, self test, etc. General status messages are displayed in the left field of the status
bar, for example, EXT REF.
Warning Messages
Warning messages are displayed in the center field of the status bar. These messages indicate that there
is an internal error, such as, ERR!
Calibration Messages
If the instrument detects that a calibration needs to be performed, an UNCAL indicator appears in the
status bar. If you click on the message, you are given the option to perform the calibration now or to defer
the action until a later time. If the calibration is performed, the message is cleared.
Note: UNCAL messages may be automatically cleared if the software determines that the instrument becomes
within tolerance.
MS278XB OM
3-35
Graphical User Interface Overview
Instrument Overview
External Keyboard Hot-key Functions
When the MS278XB is equipped with an external keyboard, additional input is available through various
keyboard combinations (hot keys). Table 3-8 lists the hot keys and their function.
Table 3-8. Keyboard Hot-key Reference
Key
Reference
Signature Usage
AT-101 Usage
1
Frequency Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-Q
2
Amplitude Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-W
3
Bandwidth Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-E
4
Marker Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-R
5
Measure Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-T
6
Trace Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-A
7
Display Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-S
8
Sweep Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-D
9
Trigger Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-F
10
System Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-G
11
File Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-H
12
Preset Main Menu
Ctrl-Shift-P
13
Signature Help System View Toggle
Ctrl-Shift-J
14
File Drop Down Menu
Alt-F
15
View Drop Down Menu
Alt-V
16
Front Panel Drop Down Menu
Alt-P
17
Tools Drop Down Menu
Alt-T
18
Help Drop Down Menu
Alt-H
19
Increment Parameter Up (Coarse)
Page Up
20
Increment Parameter Down (Coarse)
Page Down
21
Increment Parameter Up (Fine)
Up Arrow
22
Increment Parameter Down (Fine)
Down Arrow
23
Numeric Keys
Numeric Keys
24
Backspace
Backspace
25
Escape
Esc
26
Enter
Enter
3-36
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Instrument Operation
3-4 Instrument Operation
Changing Setups
When a parameter is changed via the front panel, or a message is received containing new setup information,
the system validates the requested change, and then goes into the “setup” state while the new setup
information is assimilated. When the new setup information is processed, the system returns to the measure
state. You may observe a momentary delay during this process, which is normal.
Calibration State
The system enters a calibration state when you request it or when the system determines that calibration is
necessary. In this calibration state, the analog receiver and LO hardware is calibrated and the results saved
for use in measurement corrections. Upon completion, the system returns to the measure state.
Instrument Preset
The instrument can be set to a known state by pressing the Preset key, or the Preset menu item on the Front
Panel drop-down menu, or by a command via the remote programming interface (GPIB or LAN). When
initiating a preset, the instrument goes through a sequence similar to startup by loading the default
measurement parameters to the hardware.
MS278XB OM
3-37
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
Instrument Overview
3-5 Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
Figure 3-34, below, illustrates the MS278XB’s rear panel features and connectors. Table 3-9, on the following
pages, describes the indices shown, lists Input/Output specifications for each connector, and lists the connector
type. The connector pinout diagrams are illustrated in Table 3-10 through Table 3-16.
1
11
12
13
2
14
15
3
16
4
17
18
5
6
7
8
9
19
20
21
22
23 24
10
Figure 3-34. MS278XB Rear Panel Overlay Drawing
3-38
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Table 3-9.
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
MS278XB Rear Panel Index Legend
Index
Name/Image
Description
Connector
Air Exhaust Grill
The rear panel exhaust grill provides for cooling of the
instruments internal components. Ensure that the exhaust grill is
not blocked.
N/A
AC Power Input
The ac power input accepts an ac power supply in the range of
85 to 264 Vac, 47 to 63 Hz, and 400 VA. The receptacle accepts a
3-pronged power cord, which must be properly grounded to avoid
the risk of an electric shock.
N/A
Fuse Block
The MS278XB has two, SLOW BLO fuses with a rating of:
250 V, 6.3 A.
N/A
BNC Output
Output is currently not used.
BNC
Female
1
2
3
4
Log Video Out
Outputs “Y” data value
BNC
2.5V nominal output into 50Ω with full scale signal level displayed Female
5
MS278XB OM
3-39
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
Table 3-9.
Index
Instrument Overview
MS278XB Rear Panel Index Legend
Name/Image
Description
Connector
GPIB Interface
IEEE 488 standard 24-pin connector that provides for remotely
controlling the MS278XB from an external computer/controller via
the IEEE-488 bus (GPIB). Table 3-10 describes the signal lines
and shows the connector pinout.
IEEE 488.2
Parallel Interface
25-pin connector that provides a parallel interface to an external
printer. Table 3-11 describes the signal lines and shows the
connector pinout.
25-pin
D-Sub
6
Interface is currently not available.
7
Monitor Interface
15-pin XGA connector allows the MS278XB to send the front
panel touch screen display to an external VGA/XGA monitor.
Table 3-13 describes the signal lines and shows the connector
pinout.
15-pin
D-Sub
Provides connection to an external PS/2 mouse.
6-pin
DIN
8
PS/2 Mouse
Interface
9
3-40
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Table 3-9.
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
MS278XB Rear Panel Index Legend
Index
Name/Image
PS/2 Keyboard
Interface
Description
Connector
Provides connection to an external PS/2 keyboard.
6-pin
DIN
Provides a reference frequency output
Using the internal 10 MHz reference:
Level: 8 dBm ± 3 dB
Frequency: 10 MHz
BNC
Female
10
Reference Output
11
Using an external frequency reference:
Level: –19 dBm to –14 dBm
Frequency: Same as external frequency
Reference Input
Provides a reference frequency input
Level: –6 dBm < input signal < +10 dBm
Frequency: Any frequency from 1 to 25 MHz with
1 MHz resolution and 1.544 or 2.048 MHz
BNC
Female
External IF Input
1128.65 MHz input for VSA, mixer, etc.
SMA
Female
Outputs 75 MHz IF
Level: –5 dBm ± 5 dB
BW: > 40 MHz (>120 MHz without image rejection filter)
BNC
Female
I Input
Differential input for baseband I/Q
50Ω or 1MΩ
Switchable unbalanced or differential
1 Volt max
BNC
Female
I Input
VSA I differential input for baseband I/Q
50Ω or 1 MΩ
Switchable unbalanced or differential
1 Volt max
BNC
Female
Q Input
VSA Q differential input for baseband I/Q
50Ω or 1 MΩ
Switchable unbalanced or differential
1 Volt max
BNC
Female
12
13
IF Output
14
15
16
17
MS278XB OM
3-41
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
Table 3-9.
Index
MS278XB Rear Panel Index Legend
Name/Image
Description
Connector
Q Input
VSA Q differential input for baseband I/Q
50Ω or 1 MΩ
Switchable unbalanced or differential
1 Volt max
BNC
Female
Ethernet
10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX with LED indicators
Depending on network connection and activity:
Amber LED indicates power
Green LED indicates communication
8-pin
RJ45
USB serial bus interface
Version 2.0
USB 4-pin
Type A
Logic input for sweep control
+10V to –10V
10 kΩ
BNC
Female
18
19
USB
20
Trig/Gate Input
21
22
Instrument Overview
Noise Source Power Provides power for an external noise source
+28V ±2V
100 mA
Software enabled
BNC
Female
Sweep Status
Logic output for sweep control
TTL active LOW when sweeping
BNC
Female
Sweep Output
Output is currently not used
BNC
Female
23
24
3-42
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
Table 3-10. Index 6: IEEE 488.2 GPIB Connector Pinout Diagram
Pin
Name
Description
1-4
DIO 1 through DIO 4
Data Input/Output. Bits are HIGH when the data is logical 0 and LOW when the
data is logical 1.
5
EOI
End or Identify. A low-true state indicates that the last byte of a multi byte
message has been placed on the line.
6
DAV
Data Valid. A low-true state indicates that the talker has (1) sensed that NRFD
is LOW, (2) placed a byte of data on the bus, and (3) waited an appropriate
length of time for the data to settle.
7
NRFD
Not Ready For Data. A high-true state indicates that valid data has not yet
been accepted by a listener.
8
NDAC
Not Data Accepted. A low-true state indicates that the current data byte has
been accepted for internal processing by a listener.
9
IFC
Interface Clear. A low-true state places all bus instruments in a known state—
such as, unaddressed to talk, unaddressed to listen, and service request idle.
10
SRQ
Service Request. A low-true state indicates that a bus instrument needs
service from the controller.
11
ATN
Attention. A low-true state enables the controller to respond to both its own
listen/talk address and to appropriate interface messages—such as, device
clear and serial poll.
12
Shield
Ground Point.
13-16
DIO 5 through DIO 8
Data Input/Output. Bits are high with the data is logical 0 and LOW when the
data is logical 1.
17
REN
Remote Enable. A low-true state enables bus instruments to be operated
remotely, when addressed.
18 to
24
GND
MS278XB OM
Logic ground.
3-43
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
Instrument Overview
Table 3-11. Index 7: 25-pin Parallel Printer Connector Pinout Diagram
Pin
Name
Description
1
Strobe
Strobe signal drops TTL low when data is being sent to printer
2
Data0
Data signal to printer
3
Data1
Data signal to printer
4
Data2
Data signal to printer
5
Data3
Data signal to printer
6
Data4
Data signal to printer
7
Data5
Data signal to printer
8
Data6
Data signal to printer
9
Data7
Data signal to printer
10
Acknowledge
Acknowledge signal drops TTL low when data is received by printer
11
Busy
TTL high when printer is busy
12
Paper End
TTL high when printer is out of paper
13
Select
TTL high signals that the printer is online
14
Auto Feed
TTL high signals an auto feed
15
Error
TTL low signals a printer error
16
Init
TTL low initializes the printer
17
Select In
TTL high sets printer offline
18 to 25
Ground
Electrical reference ground
Table 3-12. Indexes 4,5, 11 to 18, and 21 to 24: BNC Connector Pinout Diagram
Pin
Name
Description
1
Center Pin
Carries data or signal
2
Shield
Ground return or shield
3-44
MS278XB OM
Instrument Overview
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
Table 3-13. Index 8: 15-pin XGA Connector Pinout Diagram
Pin
Name
Description
1
Red
Red Video (75 Ω, 0.7 Vp-p)
2
Green
Green Video (75 Ω, 0.7 Vp-p)
3
Blue
Blue Video (75 Ω, 0.7 Vp-p)
4
ID2
Monitor ID Bit 2
5
GND
Ground
6
RGND
Red Ground
7
GGND
Green Ground
8
BGND
Blue Ground
9
Key
Connector Orientation Key
10
SGND
Sync Ground
11
ID0
Monitor ID Bit 0
12
ID1
Monitor ID Bit 1
13
Hsync
Horizontal Sync
14
Vsync
Vertical Sync
15
ID3
Monitor ID Bit 3
Table 3-14. Index 9 and 10: 6-pin PS2 Mouse and Keyboard Connector Pinout Diagram
Pin
Name
Description
1
Data
Data signals from mouse or keyboard
2
–
Not used
3
GND
Ground
4
VCC
+5 volts, 500 mA
5
Clock
Sent data clock
6
–
Not used
MS278XB OM
3-45
Rear Panel and Connector Diagrams
Instrument Overview
Table 3-15. Index 19: 8-pin Ethernet RJ45 Connector Pinout Diagram
Pin
Name
Description
1
TX+
Transmit data (> +3 volts)
2
TX–
Transmit data (< –3 volts)
3
RX+
Receive data (< –3 volts)
4
–
Not used (common mode termination)
5
–
Not used (common mode termination)
6
RX–
Receive data (< –3 volts)
7
–
Not used (common mode termination)
8
–
Not used (common mode termination)
Table 3-16. Index 20: 4-pin USB Type A Connector Pinout Diagram
PIN
Name
Description
1
VCC
+5 volts, 500 mA
2
–Data
Data input
3
+Data
Data output
4
GND
Ground
3-46
MS278XB OM
Chapter 4 — Front Panel Menus
4-1 Introduction
This chapter provides a comprehensive collection of annotated front panel menus and displays. Each
illustration is accompanied with a description that includes information on how to use the functions available
in that particular display. Additional navigation options and techniques may also be provided; however, this
chapter does not provide measurement concepts. For details on making measurements, refer to Chapter 5.
4-2 Quick Reference
This section contains a comprehensive list of menus with references to the page where a full description can be
found. Table 4-1 contains a list of main menus and submenus; Table 4-2 contains a list of property sheets and
dialog menus.
Table 4-1.
List of Menus
Main Menu
Submenu
Page
Frequencies Menu
4-5
Step Size and Offset Menu
4-6
Amplitude Menu
4-8
Y-Axis Options Menu
4-9
Bandwidth Menu
4-11
Auto Coupling Menu
4-12
Marker Select Menu
4-14
Marker to (–>) Menu
4-17
Marker Config Menu
4-18
Display Lines Menu
4-18
Measurement Main Menu
Measurement Menu
4-20
Trace Main Menu
Trace Config Menu
4-24
Display Options Menu
4-26
Touch Screen Menu
4-26
Sweep Main Menu
Sweep Menu
4-28
Trigger Main Menu
Trigger Menu
4-30
Rear Panel Control Menu
4-32
Calibration Menu
4-32
System Information Menu
4-32
Configuration Menu
4-33
Remote Control Menu
4-33
Service Menu
4-34
File Menu
4-35
Frequency Main Menu
Amplitude Main Menu
Bandwidth Main Menu
Marker Main Menu
Display Main Menu
System Main Menu
File Main Menu
MS278XB OM
4-1
Quick Reference
Frequency Menu
Amplitude Menu
Bandwidth Menu
Display Menu
Measure Menu
Trace Menu
Trigger Menu
System Menu
Sweep Menu
File Menu
Marker Menu
Figure 4-1.
4-2
Front Panel Menus
Graphical List of Menus
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Table 4-2.
Quick Reference
List of Dialogs
Dialog
Page
Occupied Bandwidth Setup Dialog
4-36
Channel Power Setup Dialog
4-37
Adjacent Channel Power (ACP) Setup Dialog
4-38
Multicarrier Channel Power Setup Dialog
4-40
VSA Modulation Parameters Setup Dialog
4-46
WCDMA Graph Type Dialog
4-48
WCDMA Setup Dialog
4-51
Customize Tool Bar Dialog
4-56
Options Dialog
4-56
MATLAB Setup Dialog
4-57
MS278XB OM
4-3
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
4-3 Menu Archive
This menu archive illustrates a comprehensive set of the main menus and sub-menus contained in the
MS278XB GUI. The structure follows that of what one would encounter when normally interfacing with the
analyzer. Refer to Table 4-1, Table 4-2, and Figure 4-1 for a quick reference to the menu archive.
Frequency Main Menu
The Frequency main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-Q keyboard combination.
The Frequency Main Menu allows you to set the:
Center Frequency
Frequency Span
Start Frequency
Stop Frequency
Frequency Step Size
Frequency Offset
Figure 4-2.
4-4
Frequency Main Menu
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Frequencies Menu
The Frequencies Menu lets you set the following frequency parameters:
Table 4-3.
Frequencies Menu
Center: To set the center frequency, press in the Center parameter field and enter a new
value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out menu
will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
Range: (MinStart + MinSpan ÷ 2) to (MaxStop – MinSpan ÷ 2)
Resolution: 1 Hz
Default: 4 GHz
Terminators: GHz, MHz, kHz, Hz, Cancel
Span: To set the frequency span, press in the Span parameter field and enter a new
value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will
appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
Range: 10 Hz to 8 GHz
Resolution: 1 Hz
Default: 8 GHz
Ranges: 10 Hz to 100 Hz, 100 Hz to 1 kHz, 1 kHz to 10 kHz, etc.
Terminators: GHz, MHz, kHz, Hz, Cancel
Span Presets: To select a span preset, press the Span Presets button and select the
desired span preset from the fly-out menu.
Range: Full Span, Zero Span, Last Span
Default: Full Span
Start: To set the start frequency, press in the Start parameter field and enter a new value
using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will appear
with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
Range: 0 Hz to (Stop – MinSpan)
Resolution: 1 Hz
Default: 0 Hz
Terminators: GHz, MHz, kHz, Hz, Cancel
Stop: To set the stop frequency, press in the Stop parameter field and enter a new value
using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will appear
with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
Range: (Start + MinSpan) to 8.08 GHz
Resolution: 1 Hz
Default: 8 GHz
Terminators: GHz, MHz, kHz, Hz, Cancel
MS278XB OM
4-5
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Step Size and Offset Menu
The Step Size and Offset Menu lets you set the center frequency step size and frequency offset
parameters.
Table 4-4.
Step Size and Offset Menu
CF Step Size: To set the center frequency step size, press the CF Step Size button and
select the desired step size from the fly-out menu.
To set the span step size manually, select Manual in the fly-out menu, then press in the
CF Step Size parameter field and enter a value using the numeric keys. When a new
value is entered, the terminator fly-out will appear with the available units. Press on the
desired units to terminate the entry.
Range: 1/10 Span, ½ Span, %Span, =Center, =Marker, =Span, Manual
Resolution: 1 Hz (for Manual), 0.01 Hz or 1 Hz (for %Span)
Default: 1/10 Span
Terminators: GHz, MHz, kHz, Hz, Cancel
(Applies only to choices where a numeric value is entered)
Frequency Offset: To set the frequency offset, press in the Frequency Offset parameter
field and enter a new value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the
terminator fly-out menu will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to
terminate the entry.
Range: –100 GHz to +100 GHz
Resolution: 1 Hz
Default: 0 Hz
Terminators: GHz, MHz, kHz, Hz, Cancel
4-6
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Amplitude Main Menu
The Amplitude main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-W keyboard combination.
The Amplitude main menu allows you to set the following:
Reference Level Parameter
Input Attenuation Level Parameter
Attenuation Mode
Vertical Scale-per-division Parameter
Level Offset Parameter
Scale Type (Log or Linear)
Scale Units
Level Offset
Mixer Level
Figure 4-3.
Amplitude Main Menu
MS278XB OM
4-7
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Amplitude Menu
The Amplitude menu lets you set the reference level, attenuation level, attenuation mode, and scale-perdivision of the graticule’s Y-axis.
Table 4-5.
Amplitude Menu
Reference Level: The reference level is set at the top line of the graticule. To change
the value, press in the Reference Level parameter field and enter a new value using the
numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will appear with the
available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
Range: 30 dBm to –150 dBm (does not include Reference Offset)
Resolution: 0.01 dB
Default: 0 dBm
The following unit terminators are supported when the appropriate amplitude units are
selected:
dBm, dBmV, dBµV, W, mW, µW, nW, pW, fW, aW, V, mV, µV, nV
Attenuation Level and Mode: To change the manual attenuation level, press in the
Attenuation Level parameter field and enter a new value using the numeric keys. When a
new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will appear with the available units. Press on
the desired units to terminate the entry.
Range: 0 dB to 62 dB
Resolution: 2 dB
Default: Auto
Terminators: dB or Cancel
To toggle the internal RF attenuation mode between Manual or Auto, press the
Manual/Auto button.
Scale/Div: The Scale/Div parameter sets the number of units indicated for each major
graticule division. This parameter only applies if the Scale Type is set to Log, otherwise
the selection is grayed out. To change the value, press in the Vertical Scale parameter
field and enter a new value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the
terminator fly-out will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to
terminate the entry.
Range: 1 to 20 dB
Resolution: 1 dB
1 dB (for 1 to 20 dB range)
Default: 10 dB/division
Terminators: dB or Cancel
4-8
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Y-Axis Options Menu
The Y-Axis Options menu lets you set the following parameters:
Table 4-6.
Y-Axis Options Menu
Scale Type: The Scale Type button is used to toggle the vertical scale type between
Logarithmic or Linear scales. The selected scale type is indicated with a check mark.
This option is not currently available and the Scale Type is fixed to Log.
Units: The Units button lets you select the amplitude units of:
dBm, dBmV, dBµV, W, or V
To change the amplitude units, press the Units button and select the new amplitude units
on the fly-out menu.
Reference Level Offset: Level Offset is used to offset the reference level by the
indicated amount. To change the value, press in the Level Offset parameter field and
enter a new value with the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator
fly-out will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the
entry. Toggle the Level Offset On or Off by pressing the Off/On button below the
parameter field.
Range: +300 dB to –300 dB
Resolution: 0.01 dB
Default: 0 dB
Terminators: dB, Cancel
Mixer Level: The Mixer Level is used to calculate the attenuation value when the
attenuation mode is set to Auto as follows:
Attenuation Level = Reference Level – Mixer Level
+5 dBm is used as a limiting factor for the reference level when the attenuation mode is
set to Manual. The auto attenuation value is constrained to 10 dB to –62 dB. The mixer
level is disabled in the wideband FFT and the VSA modes.
Range: +5 dBm to –50 dBm
Resolution: 1 dB
Default: –10 dBm
The following unit terminators are supported when the appropriate amplitude units are
selected:
dBm, -dBm
dBmV, -dBmV
dBµV, -dBµV
W, mW, µW, nW, pW, fW, aW
V, mV, µV, nV, pV
MS278XB OM
4-9
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Bandwidth Main Menu
The Bandwidth main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-E keyboard combination.
The Bandwidth main menu lets you adjust the following:
Resolution Bandwidth and Mode
Video Bandwidth and Mode
Sweep Time and Mode
Bandwidth Coupling Parameters
Figure 4-4.
4-10
Bandwidth Main Menu
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Bandwidth Menu
The Bandwidth menu lets you select between automatic or manual resolution bandwidth and set the
resolution and video bandwidths when in the manual mode.
Table 4-7.
Bandwidth Menu
RBW: To change the resolution bandwidth when in the manual mode, press in the RBW
parameter field and enter a new value using the numeric keys. When a new value is
entered, the terminator fly-out will appear with the available units. Press on the desired
units to terminate the entry.
Range: 10 Hz to 8 MHz
Resolution: 1,2,3,5 steps (10 Hz, 20 Hz, 30 Hz, 50 Hz, 100 Hz…)
Default: Auto (see Span/RBW)
Terminators: GHz, MHz, kHz, Hz, Cancel
To toggle between resolution bandwidth modes, press the Manual/Auto button.
VBW: To set the video bandwidth when in the manual mode, press in the VBW
parameter field and enter a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered,
the terminator fly-out will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to
terminate the entry.
Range: 1 Hz to 10 MHz
Resolution: 1,2,3,5 steps (10 Hz, 20 Hz, 30 Hz, 50 Hz, 100 Hz, etc.)
Default: Auto (see VBW/RBW)
Terminators: GHz, MHz, kHz, Hz, Cancel
Sweep Time: To set the sweep time when in the manual mode, press in the Sweep Time
parameter field and enter a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered,
the terminator fly-out will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to
terminate the entry.
Range: 5 ms to 10 ks (0.1 ms to 10 ks in zero span)
Resolution: 1 ms or 1% of upper bound of range (100 µs in zero span)
Default: Auto = k * Span / (RBW)2 if VBW is ≥ RBW or
Auto = k * Span / (VBW * RBW) if VBW < RBW where:
k (k-factor) = 1.8 for Auto-speed mode
k (k-factor) = 5 for Auto-Accy mode
Terminators: ks, s, ms, µs, Cancel
To toggle between manual or automatic sweep time modes, press the Manual /Auto
button.
MS278XB OM
4-11
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Auto Coupling Menu
The Auto Coupling menu lets you select the coupling modes and set the coupling parameters.
Table 4-8.
Auto Coupling Menu
To select the fully coupled mode, press the All Auto button. This couples all of the
bandwidth coupling factors automatically.
Span/RBW: To set this coupling parameter, press in the Span/RBW parameter field and
enter a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator flyout will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
Range: 2 to 10,000
Resolution: 1
Default: 50
Terminators: Enter or Cancel
VBW/RBW: To set this coupling parameter, press in the VBW/RBW parameter field and
enter a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator flyout will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
Range: 0.001 to 1000
Resolution: 0.001
Default: 5
Terminators: Enter or Cancel
This parameter is not available in FFT sweep modes.
Sweep Time Coupling: To set the sweep time coupling parameter, press the
Speed Accy button to toggle the selection. The Speed setting yields the fastest sweep
times, but sacrifices amplitude accuracy. The Accy setting yields the most accurate
amplitude measurement.
4-12
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Marker Main Menu
The Marker main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-R keyboard combination.
The Marker main menu lets you set the:
Active Marker and Marker Status
Marker to Next Options
Marker Configuration Parameters
Display Line Setup Parameters
Figure 4-5.
Marker Main Menu
MS278XB OM
4-13
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Marker Select Menu
The Marker Select menu lets you toggle the markers on or off, set the active marker frequency, and
select between normal or delta markers.
Table 4-9.
Marker Select Menu
RF Measurements
When in the Spectrum and RF measurement modes, marker selections are made
available as follows:
Active Marker: To select the active marker, press on the Active Marker field and select a
marker from the fly-out menu.
To turn the active marker on or off, press the Off/On button.
To set the active marker as a delta marker, press the Normal/Delta button. Note that
Marker 1 is used at the reference and must be turned on before any subsequent marker
can be set as a delta marker.
Marker n: Set the active marker’s frequency by pressing in the Marker n parameter field
(where n is the active marker’s number) and entering a value using the numeric keys.
When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will appear with the available units.
Press on the desired units to terminate the entry. The rotary knob or Up/down arrow keys
may also be used to increment the marker value.
The marker’s value is displayed in the field below Marker n and on the graticule display.
All Markers Off: Press the All Markers Off button to deactivate all of the markers.
Modulation
Measurements
When in the QAM/PSK measurement mode, the following marker selections are
available:
Active Marker: To select the active marker, press on the Active Marker field and select a
marker from the fly-out menu.
To turn the active marker on or off, press the Off/On button.
Delta Markers are not available.
Marker n(Sym): Set the active marker’s Symbol number by pressing in the
Marker n(Sym) parameter field (where n is the active marker’s number) and entering a
value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will
appear with Enter or Cancel. The rotary knob or Up/down arrow keys may also be used
to increment the marker value.
The marker’s value is displayed in the field below Marker n(Sym) and on the graticule
display.
All Markers Off: Press the All Markers Off button to deactivate all of the markers.
4-14
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Table 4-9.
Menu Archive
Marker Select Menu
Modulation
Measurements
When in the WCDMA measurement mode with the QPSK or Composite graph type
selected, the following marker selections are available (Refer to the WCDMA Graph
Type Dialog on page 4-48 for information on setting graph types):
Active Marker: To select the active marker, press on the Active Marker field and select a
marker from the fly-out menu.
To turn the active marker on or off, press the Off/On button.
Delta Markers are not available.
Marker n(Chips): Set the active marker’s Chips by pressing in the Marker n(Chips)
parameter field (where n is the active marker’s number) and entering a value using the
numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will appear with Enter
or Cancel. The rotary knob or Up/down arrow keys may also be used to increment the
marker value.
The marker’s value is displayed in the field below Marker n(Chips) and on the graticule
display.
All Markers Off: Press the All Markers Off button to deactivate all of the markers.
Modulation
Measurements
When in the WCDMA measurement mode with the Transmit Power Control graph type
selected, the following marker selections are available (Refer to the WCDMA Graph
Type Dialog on page 4-48 for information on setting graph types):
Measured Slot: The measured slot is fixed in this mode.
On/Off and Delta Markers are not available in this mode.
Slot#: Set the Slot# for the zoom display by pressing in the Slot# parameter field and
entering a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator
fly-out will appear with Enter or Cancel. The rotary knob or Up/down arrow keys may
also be used to increment the marker value. This sets the slot# used for the Zoom
displays of the Transmit Power Control.
The marker’s value is displayed in the field below Slot# and on the graticule display.
All Markers Off: Disabled in this mode.
MS278XB OM
4-15
Menu Archive
Table 4-9.
Front Panel Menus
Marker Select Menu
Modulation
Measurements
When in the WCDMA measurement mode with the Random Access Channel graph type
selected, the following marker selections are available (Refer to the WCDMA Graph
Type Dialog on page 4-48 for information on setting graph types):
Measured Preamble: The measured preamble is fixed in this mode.
On/Off and Delta Markers are not available in this mode.
Preamble#: Set the Preamble# by pressing in the Preamble# parameter field and
entering a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator
fly-out will appear with Enter or Cancel. The rotary knob or Up/down arrow keys may not
be used to increment the marker value.
The marker’s value is displayed in the field below Preamble# and on the graticule
display.
All Markers Off: Disabled in this mode.
Modulation
Measurements
When in the or WCDMA measurement mode with the Random Access Channel with
Zoom or Transmit Power Control with Zoom graph type, the following marker selections
are available (Refer to the WCDMA Graph Type Dialog on page 4-48 for information on
setting graph types):
Active Marker: To select the active marker, press on the Active Marker field and select a
marker from the fly-out menu.
To turn the active marker on or off, press the Off/On button.
Delta Markers are not available.
Marker n(µs): Set the active marker’s time by pressing in the Marker n(µs) parameter
field (where n is the active marker’s number) and entering a value using the numeric
keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will appear with Enter or
Cancel. The rotary knob or Up/down arrow keys may also be used to increment the
marker value.
The marker’s value is displayed in the field below Marker n(µs) and on the graticule
display.
All Markers Off: Press the All Markers Off button to deactivate all of the markers.
TPC/RACH Zoom Edge: Press the Leading/Trailing toggle button to select between the
leading or trailing edge. This button is only available when Both Edges are selected.
4-16
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Table 4-9.
Menu Archive
Marker Select Menu
Modulation
Measurements
When in the WCDMA measurement mode with the Code Domain Power/Error graph
type selected, the following marker selections are available (Refer to the WCDMA Graph
Type Dialog on page 4-48 for information on setting graph types):
Active Marker: To select the active marker, press on the Active Marker field and select a
marker from the fly-out menu.
To turn the active marker on or off, press the Off/On button.
Delta Markers are not available.
Marker n(Code@SF): Set the Code Number@ Spreading Factor by pressing in the
Marker n(Code@SF) parameter field (where n is the active marker’s number) and
entering a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator
fly-out will appear with Enter or Cancel. Press on the Spreading Factor button and select
the spreading factor from the menu fly-out. The rotary knob or Up/down arrow keys may
also be used to increment the marker value.
The marker’s value is displayed in the field below Marker n(Code@SF) and on the
graticule display.
All Markers Off: Press the All Markers Off button to deactivate all of the markers.
Uplink Branch: Press the I/Q toggle button to select between the I or Q channel of the
WCDMA Uplink mode. This button is only available when in the Uplink mode.
Note: Marker selections in the WiMAX measurement mode are made via the WiMAX application. Refer to the
Signature™ Option 41 SignalLab WiMAX Analysis Software User Guide, part number: 10410-00276 for
information on WiMAX measurements using Signature.
Marker to (–>) Menu
The Marker To (–>) menu lets you perform the following actions:
Table 4-10. Marker To (–>) Menu
Marker selections are made available depending on the measurement mode and graph
type selected.
Mkr->Peak: To send the marker to the trace peak, press on the Mkr->Peak button. The
peak is on the active trace when this menu is accessed and the enter key may be used
to quickly send the active marker to the trace peak.
Next Peak: To send the marker to the next trace peak, press on the Next Peak button.
CF = Mkr: To change the center frequency to the current marker frequency value, press
on the CF = Mkr button.
RL = Mkr: To change the reference level to the current marker value, press on the
RL = Mkr button.
Mkr->Min: To send the marker to the trace minimum, press on the Mkr->Min button.
MS278XB OM
4-17
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Marker Config Menu
The Marker Config menu lets you select the following:
Table 4-11. Marker Config Menu
Marker -> Trace: To select the trace that receives the marker, press on the Marker On
Trace field and select the trace from the fly-out menu.
Marker Table: A marker table can be displayed at the bottom of the graticule. To toggle
the table on or off, press on the Off/On Marker Table button.
Marker Function: The Marker Function activates Noise Markers (refer to “Measuring
Phase Noise” on page 5-27 for information on phase noise measurements).
Display Lines Menu
The Display Lines menu lets you display limit lines.
Table 4-12. Display Lines Menu
Horizontal Line: To set the level for a limit line, press in the Horizontal Line parameter
field and enter a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the
terminator fly-out will appear with the available units. The following unit terminators are
supported when the appropriate amplitude units are selected:
dBm, -dBm
dBmV, -dBmV
dBµV, -dBµV
W, mW, µW, nW, pW, fW, aW
V, mV, µV, nV, pV
Press on the desired units to terminate the entry, then toggle the limit line on by pressing
on the Off/On toggle button.
4-18
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Measurement Main Menu
The Measurement main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-T keyboard combination.
The Measurement main menu lets you set the:
Spectrum Measurement Type
RF Measurement Type
QAM/PSK Measurement Type
WCDMA Measurement Type
WiMAX Measurement Type
Phase Noise Measurement Type
Figure 4-6.
Measurement Main Menu
Note: All RF measurements apply only to the active trace.
MS278XB OM
4-19
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Measurement Menu
The Measurement menu gives you access to setup various measurement types, such as Spectrum, RF,
and a variety of modulation measurements.
Table 4-13. Measurement Menu
Spectrum
Measurement Type
Spectrum Measurement Type: To change the measurement type, press on the
Measurement Type button and select one of the following measurement types from the
fly-out menu:
Spectrum: Selects the spectrum analysis mode (frequency domain)
RF: Selects the RF measurement mode (see below)
QAM/PSK: Selects the modulation measurement mode (see below)
WCDMA: Selects the modulation measurement mode (see below)
WiMAX: Launches the WiMAX Analysis application (requires Options 22 and 41)
Phase Noise: Launches the Phase Noise Measurement application (requires
Option 52)
Standard: This selection allows you to select a measurement standard that
automatically configures all of the measurement parameters. To select a measurement
standard, press on the Standard button and select the desired standard from the fly-out
menu.
RF Measurement Type: To change the measurement type, press on the Measurement
Type button and select one of the following measurement types from the fly-out menu:
RF Measurement Type
Spectrum: Selects the spectrum analysis mode (see above)
RF: Selects the RF measurement mode
QAM/PSK: Selects the modulation measurement mode (see below)
WCDMA: Selects the modulation measurement mode (see below)
WiMAX: Launches the WiMAX Analysis application (requires Options 22 and 41)
Phase Noise: Launches the Phase Noise Measurement application (requires
Option 52)
Standard: This selection allows you to select a measurement standard that
automatically configures all of the measurement parameters. To select a measurement
standard, press on the Standard button and select the desired standard from the fly-out
menu.
RF Measurement Types:
OBW: Measures the occupied bandwidth of the signal
TOI: Measures the third order intercept of the signal
Channel Power: Measures the channel power of the signal
ACP: Measures the adjacent channel power of the signal
Multicarrier Channel Power: Measures the channel power of up to 12 carriers
along with the adjacent and two alternate channel powers.
CCDF: Displays the Complementary Cumulative Distribution Function (CCDF)
curves and summary detail.
Spectrum Masks: Displays the spectrum mask lines and verifies spectral
compliance in a summary.
Setup: Opens the RF Parameters Setup dialogs listed below:
Occupied Bandwidth Setup Dialog on page 4-36
Channel Power Setup Dialog on page 4-37
Adjacent Channel Power (ACP) Setup Dialog on page 4-38
Multicarrier Channel Power Setup Dialog on page 4-40
CCDF Setup Dialog on page 4-43
Spectrum Mask Setup Dialog on page 4-44
4-20
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Table 4-13. Measurement Menu
QAM/PSK
Measurement Type
QAM/PSK Measurement Type: To change the measurement type, press on the
Measurement Type button and select one of the following measurement types from the
fly-out menu:
Spectrum: Selects the spectrum analysis mode (see above)
RF: Selects the RF measurement mode (see above)
QAM/PSK: Selects the modulation measurement mode
WCDMA: Selects the modulation measurement mode (see below)
WiMAX: Launches the WiMAX Analysis application (requires Options 22 and 41)
Phase Noise: Launches the Phase Noise Measurement application (requires
Option 52)
Standard: This selection allows you to select a measurement standard that
automatically configures all of the measurement parameters. To select a measurement
standard, press on the Standard button and select the desired standard from the fly-out
menu.
Graph Types:
Vector
EVM/Time
Constellation
Power/Time
Summary
Eye(I)
Eye(Q)
Setup: Opens the VSA Modulation Parameters Setup Dialog on page 4-46.
WCDMA
Measurement Type
WCDMA Measurement Type: To change the measurement type, press on the
Measurement Type button and select one of the following measurement types from the
fly-out menu:
Spectrum: Selects the spectrum analysis mode (see above)
RF: Selects the RF measurement mode (see above)
QAM/PSK: Selects the modulation measurement mode (see above)
WCDMA: Selects the modulation measurement mode
WiMAX: Launches the WiMAX Analysis application (requires Options 22 and 41)
Phase Noise: Launches the Phase Noise Measurement application (requires
Option 52)
Standard: This selection allows you to select a measurement standard that
automatically configures all of the measurement parameters. To select a measurement
standard, press on the Standard button and select the desired standard from the fly-out
menu.
Graph Type...: Opens the WCDMA Graph Type Dialog on page 4-48.
Setup: Opens the WCDMA Setup Dialog on page 4-51.
MS278XB OM
4-21
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Table 4-13. Measurement Menu
WiMAX Measurement
Type
WiMAX Measurement Type: To change the measurement type, press on the
Measurement Type button and select one of the following measurement types from the
fly-out menu:
Spectrum: Selects the spectrum analysis mode (see above)
RF: Selects the RF measurement mode (see above)
QAM/PSK: Selects the modulation measurement mode (see above)
WCDMA: Selects the modulation measurement mode
WiMAX: Launches the WiMAX Analysis application (requires Options 22 and 41)
Phase Noise: Launches the Phase Noise Measurement application (requires
Option 52)
The WiMAX measurement selection launches the WiMAX Analysis application in a
separate window. Refer to the Signature™ Option 41 SignalLab WiMAX Analysis
Software User Guide, part number: 10410-00276 for information on WiMAX
measurements using Signature.
Phase Noise
Measurement Type
Phase Noise Measurement Type: To change the measurement type, press on the
Measurement Type button and select one of the following measurement types from the
fly-out menu:
Spectrum: Selects the spectrum analysis mode (see above)
RF: Selects the RF measurement mode (see above)
QAM/PSK: Selects the modulation measurement mode (see above)
WCDMA: Selects the modulation measurement mode
WiMAX: Launches the WiMAX Analysis application (requires Options 22 and 41)
Phase Noise: Launches the Phase Noise Measurement application (requires
Option 52)
The Phase Noise measurement selection launches the Phase Noise Measurement
application in a separate window.
Note: All RF measurements apply only to the active trace.
4-22
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Trace Main Menu
The Trace main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-A keyboard combination.
The Trace main menu lets you configure and set up the:
Active Trace Display
Trace Mode
Trace Averaging
Detectors
Figure 4-7.
Trace Main Menu
MS278XB OM
4-23
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Trace Config Menu
The Trace Config menu lets you select the active trace, trace state, detector type, and set various trace
options.
Note: The Trace Menu is only available in Spectrum and RF measurement modes.
Table 4-14. Trace Config Menu
Trace Select: To set the active trace, press on the Trace Select button and select the
active trace from the fly-out menu. When a trace is selected, the current trace mode is
Off unless it was previously defined.
Trace Mode: To change the trace mode, press on the Trace Mode button and select one
of the following trace states from the fly-out menu:
Clear-Write: This mode clears the trace as it writes new data.
Max-Hold: This mode writes new data that is greater than the previous sweeps.
Min-Hold: This mode writes new data that is less than the previous sweeps.
Average: This mode averages the data for each display point.
View: This mode displays the current trace value and does no further updating
Off (Blank): This mode turns the trace display off.
Default: Clear-Write for Trace1, Blank for all others
Averaging: Averaging provides two methods of averaging depending on the detector
that is selected. For Sample & RMS detectors, the averaging is done on the linear power
data before the log values are calculated for the display. For Maximum, Minimum, and
Average detectors, the averaging is done on the log power data. To change the number
of averages, press in the Averaging field and enter a new value.
Range: 1 to 10000
Resolution: 1
Default: 10
Restart: To restart the averaging count, press on the Restart button.
Detector: To change the detector type, press on the Detector Type field and select one
of the following detector types from the fly-out menu:
Auto: Auto is the default detector type and uses the Normal detector type except
as follows:
RMS when Trace Mode is set to Average or Noise Markers are active
Maximum when Trace Mode is set to Max-Hold
Minimum when Trace Mode is set to Min-Hold
Previous detector setting when Trace Mode is set to View
Normal: Combines maximum and minimum data values for the display point.
(simulates an analog display)
Maximum: Uses the maximum data value for the display point.
Minimum: Uses the minimum data value for the display point.
Sample: Uses the center data value for the display point.
Average: Averages the log(Power) data for the display point.
RMS: Averages the power data for the display point.
Inactive Traces Off: To turn off the inactive traces, press on the Inactive Traces Off
button. All of the traces not shown in the Trace Select field are turned off.
4-24
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Display Main Menu
The Display main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-S keyboard combination.
The Display main menu lets you select the:
Taskbar View
Desktop View
Video Inversion
Touch Screen Calibration
Figure 4-8.
Display Main Menu
MS278XB OM
4-25
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Display Options Menu
The Display Options menu lets you set up limit lines on the graticule for display and measurement
purposes.
Table 4-15. Display Options Menu
View Taskbar: To display the Windows taskbar, press the View Taskbar toggle button.
View Desktop: To display the Windows desktop, press the View Desktop button to On.
All open applications and windows will be minimized.
Inverse Video: To inverse the video display of the graticule, press the Inverse Video
toggle button to On.
Touch Screen Menu
The Touch Screen menu lets you calibrate the touch screen.
Table 4-16. Touch Screen Menu
Calibrate: To calibrate the touch screen, press the Calibrate button and follow the onscreen instructions.
4-26
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Sweep Main Menu
The Sweep main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-D keyboard combination.
The Sweep Main Menu lets you:
Set the Sweep Time Parameter
Select the Sweep Mode
Start a Single Sweep
Select the Sweep Type
Figure 4-9.
Sweep Main Menu
MS278XB OM
4-27
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Sweep Menu
The Sweep menu lets you lets you select between continuous or single sweep modes, and to start a single
sweep.
Table 4-17. Sweep Menu
Sweep Time: To set the sweep time, press in the Sweep Time parameter field and enter
the desired sweep time value. When a new value is entered, the terminator fly-out will
appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
To change between manual or auto sweep time, press on the Manual/Auto toggle button.
Sweep Mode: To toggle the sweep mode between continuous and single sweep, press
the Continuous/Single toggle button.
When in the Single Sweep mode, press the Sweep button to trigger a new sweep.
Sweep Type: To change the sweep type, press the Sweep Type button and select the
desired sweep mode from the following fly-out menu selections:
Swept: Selects a normal sweep.
FFT: Selects a Fast Fourier Transform sweep (maximum span limited to 1 MHz)
FFT WideBand: Selects a Wideband Fast Fourier Transform sweep with spans
up to 30 MHz (requires Option 22).
4-28
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Trigger Main Menu
The Trigger main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-F keyboard combination.
The Trigger main menu lets you:
Select the Trigger Source
Set the Trigger Level
Set the Trigger Edge
Set the Trigger Delay
Figure 4-10. Trigger Main Menu
MS278XB OM
4-29
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Trigger Menu
The Trigger menu lets you configure the following:
Table 4-18. Trigger Menu
Trigger Source: To change the trigger source, press on the Trigger Source button and
select the trigger source from the fly-out menu selections listed under Trigger Level
below:
Free Run: No Settings
Video:
Range: Reference Level to (Reference Level – 10 * Scale/Div)
Resolution: 0.1 dB
Default: Reference Level – 0.5 * (10 * Scale/Div)
The following unit terminators are supported when the appropriate amplitude units
are selected: dBm, dBmV, dBµV, W, mW, µW, nW, pW, f W , aW, V, mV, µV, nV, pV
IF Power (Wide BW):
Range: (–10 dBm to –50 dBm) + Attenuator Value
Resolution: 1 dB
Default: –10 dBm + Attenuator Value
The following unit terminators are supported when the appropriate amplitude units
are selected: dBm, dBmV, dBµV, W, mW, µW, nW, pW, f W , aW, V, mV, µV, nV, pV
External TTL: Level = 1.4 V (cannot be changed)
External:
Range: –10V to 10V (External)
Resolution: 100 mV
Default: TTL (1.4V)
Terminators: V, mV, Cancel
Line: Settings are not available.
Trigger Level: To set the trigger level, press in the Trigger Level parameter field and
enter a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator flyout will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
Slope: To change the trigger slope, press on the Slope button to toggle between Rising
edge or Falling edge. Rising edge is the default setting.
Trigger Delay: To set the trigger delay, press in the Trigger Delay parameter field and
enter a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator flyout will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the entry.
SPA Mode:
Range: 0 ms to 65.5 ms (current sweep time to 65 ms for zero span)
Resolution: 0.1 ms (100 ns for zero span)
Default: 0 ms
FFT, FFT-WB Modes:
Range: 0 ms to 65 ms
Resolution: 100 ns
Default: 0 ms
VSA Mode:
Range: –65.5 ms to 65.5 ms
Resolution: 10 ns
Default: 0 ms
4-30
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
System Main Menu
The System main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-G keyboard combination.
The System main menu lets you:
Set Up the Rear Panel I/O
Start an IF Calibration
View the System Information
Configure the System Hardware
Toggle Between Local and Remote Operation
Select Instrument Services
Figure 4-11. System Main Menu
MS278XB OM
4-31
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Rear Panel Control Menu
The Rear Panel Control menu lets you configure the rear panel input/output ports and toggle the noise
source power On or Off.
Table 4-19. Rear Panel Control Menu
Reference Frequency: To toggle between an internal or external reference input, press
on the External/Internal toggle button.
To set the external reference input frequency, press in the Reference Frequency field
and enter a value using the numeric keys. When a new value is entered, the terminator
fly-out will appear with the available units. Press on the desired units to terminate the
entry.
Noise Source Power: To toggle the noise source power on or off, press on the Noise
Source Power Off/On toggle button.
Calibration Menu
The Calibration menu lets you select and apply a calibration routine for specific hardware systems.
Table 4-20. Calibration Menu
IF Cal: The IF Cal button initiates an amplitude calibration of all possible IF paths to
improve the amplitude accuracy.
System Information Menu
The System Information menu lets you view the message log.
Table 4-21. Calibration Menu
Message Log: The Message Log button opens the System Messages dialog box.
4-32
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
Configuration Menu
The Configuration menu lets you configure the IO, optimize phase noise, and select filtering.
Table 4-22. Configuration Menu
IO Config: The IO Config button lets you select the National Instruments GPIB
configuration utility (refer to “GPIB Setup” on page 2-12 for more information), view the
instrument IP address (Ethernet), or view the instrument name.
Optimize Phase Noise: To optimize phase noise, toggle the button to Auto.
Offset: When in Manual phase noise optimization, the bandwidth can be toggled
between <85 kHz or >85 kHz.
Anti-Alias Filter: To toggle the anti-alias filter on or off, press on the Anti-Alias Filter
Off/On toggle button. The Anti-alias filter is only available with Option 38 and when
measuring QAM/PSK signals.
Remote Control Menu
The Remote Control menu lets you return local control from remote operations, such as GPIB remote
control.
Table 4-23. Remote Control Menu
To return the instrument to local control, press on the Local/Remote toggle button.
MS278XB OM
4-33
Menu Archive
Front Panel Menus
Service Menu
The Service menu lets you toggle the internal 50 MHz calibrator Off and On and initiate a calibration
alignment.
Table 4-24. Calibrator Menu
Calibrator: To toggle the internal 50 MHz calibrator Off or On, press on the calibrator
Off/On toggle button.
To initiate a calibration alignment, press on the Cal Align... button.
Warning: This changes the level of the internal calibrator and should only be performed
by qualified service personnel.
4-34
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Menu Archive
File Main Menu
The File main menu can be quickly accessed by using the Ctrl-Shift-H keyboard combination.
The File main menu lets you:
Save and Recall Instrument Setups
Export Trace Data to a .csv file
Open Windows File Explorer
Print the Current Measurement Display
Figure 4-12. Preset Main Menu
File Menu
The File menu lets you save and recall measurement setup information and send the measurement
display to a printer.
Table 4-25. File Menu
To save the current instrument setup, press on the Save... button to open a Windows
Save As dialog. You can enter a name for your current setup and save the file as an
Anritsu Setup File (.asr). The current default folder is C:\Signature\Setup\.
To recall a previously saved instrument setup, press on the Recall... button to open a
Windows Open dialog. You can then browse for the Anritsu Setup File (.asr). The current
default folder is C:\Signature\Setup\.
To export the current measurement data to a .csv file, press on the Export... button to
open a Windows Export dialog. You can enter a name for your data file and save the file
as a comma separated value file (.csv). The current default folder is C:\Signature\.
To send the current measurement data to a printer, press on the Print button to open a
Windows Print dialog. You can configure the printer options based on the selected
printer and its capabilities.
MS278XB OM
4-35
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Front Panel Menus
4-4 Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
This property and dialog menu archive illustrates the following set of property sheets and other dialog menus
contained in the MS278XB GUI:
• Occupied Bandwidth Setup Dialog
• Channel Power Setup Dialog
• Adjacent Channel Power (ACP) Setup Dialog
• Multicarrier Channel Power Setup Dialog
• VSA Modulation Parameters Setup Dialog
• WCDMA Graph Type Dialog
• WCDMA Setup Dialog
• TPC Limit Edge Definition Dialog
• Channel Table Editor Dialog
• Customize Tool Bar Dialog
• Options Dialog
• MATLAB Setup Dialog
The structure follows that of what one would encounter when normally interfacing with the analyzer.
Occupied Bandwidth Setup Dialog
Occupied Bandwidth integrates the power of the displayed spectrum and puts markers at the bandwidth limits
as specified in the measurement setup fields. The measurement defaults to 99% of the occupied bandwidth.
OBW Tab
% Power: Sets the limits for the occupied bandwidth
measurement by specifying the percentage of power
included in the measured bandwidth.
Range: 10% to 100% in steps of 1%
Default: 99%
X dB: Sets the limits down from the carrier peak for which
occupied bandwidth is measured.
Range: 0.1 dB to 100 dB in steps of 0.1 dB
Default: 26 dB
Figure 4-13. Occupied Bandwidth Setup Dialog
4-36
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Channel Power Setup Dialog
Channel Power measures the power and power spectral density in the channel bandwidth that you specify in
the following dialogs:
Channel Power Tab
Channel BW: Sets the bandwidth over which the measurement
is made. This is typically larger than the actual signal
bandwidth.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz in steps of 1 Hz
Default: 5 MHz
Method: Currently not available.
RRC Filter: This is used to turn the root-raised-cosine filter
(RRC) On or Off.
Rolloff Factor: Sets the roll-off factor for the measurement
(RRC filter must be on).
Range: 0.1 to 1.0 in steps of 0.01
Default: 0.22.
Symbol Rate: Sets the symbol rate for the measurement (RRC
filter must be on).
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz in steps of 1 Hz
Default: 3.84 MHz.
Advanced Tab
/Hz: Toggles the result display between dBm or
dBm/Hz. The measurement type must be set to Abs before the
/Hz can be toggled on.
Type: Toggles between an absolute or relative measurement.
Noise Compensation: When noise compensation is toggled
on, a noise floor measurement is subtracted from the channel
power.
FFT: Toggles between FFT or Swept modes.
Start Time: Sets the start of the measurement relative to a
triggered event (currently not available).
Stop Time: Sets the stop time of the measurement relative to a
triggered event (currently not available).
Figure 4-14. Channel Power Setup Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-37
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Front Panel Menus
Adjacent Channel Power (ACP) Setup Dialog
Adjacent Channel Power (ACP) is a measure of the power that leaks into adjacent transmit channels. ACP
measures the power present in the adjacent transmit channels and can be set up as follows:
Channel Width: Sets the channel bandwidth.
ACP Tab (1 of 2)
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 5 MHz
Adjacent Channel: Toggles the adjacent channel
measurement off or on.
Adj Channel Width: Sets the bandwidth of the
adjacent channel.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 5 MHz
Adj Channel Spacing: Sets the spacing between the
main and adjacent channel.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 5 MHz
Alt1 Channel: Toggles the Alt1 channel
measurement off or on.
Alt1 Channel Width: Sets the bandwidth of the Alt1
channel.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 5 MHz
Alt1 Channel Spacing: Sets the spacing between
the main and Alt1channel.
1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 10 MHz
Figure 4-15. Adjacent Channel Power Setup Dialog
4-38
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
ACP Tab (2 of 2)
Alt2 Channel: Toggles the Alt2 channel
measurement off or on.
Alt2 Channel Width: Sets the bandwidth of the Alt2
channel.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 5 MHz
Alt2 Channel Spacing: Sets the spacing between
the main and Al2 channel.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 15 MHz
RRC Filter: This is used to turn the root-raised-cosine
filter (RRC) On or Off.
Rolloff Factor: Sets the roll-off factor for the
measurement (RRC filter must be on).
Range: 0.1 to 1.0 in steps of 0.01
Default: 0.22.
Bandwidth: Sets the bandwidth for the measurement
(RRC filter must be on).
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 3.84 MHz.
Advanced Tab
/Hz: Toggles the result display between dBm or
dBm/Hz. The measurement type must be set to Abs
before /Hz can be toggled on.
Type: Toggles between an absolute or relative
measurement.
Noise Compensation: When noise compensation is
toggled on, a noise floor measurement is subtracted
from the channel power.
FFT: Toggles between FFT or Swept modes.
Start Time: Sets the start of the measurement
relative to a triggered event (currently not available).
Stop Time: Sets the stop time of the measurement
relative to a triggered event (currently not available).
Figure 4-15. Adjacent Channel Power Setup Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-39
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Front Panel Menus
Multicarrier Channel Power Setup Dialog
Multicarrier Channel Power is similar to the ACP measurement and can be set up as follows:
Transmit Channels Tab
Number of Channels: Sets the number of
channels.
Range: Integers from +1 to +12 channels
(Do not enter negative numbers)
Default: 12 channels
Channel Width: Sets the channel width for each
of the channels.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 5 MHz
Channel Spacing: Sets the channel spacing for
each of the channels.
Range: +1 Hz ≤ Channel Spacing ≤ 8 GHz
Default: 10 MHz
Scroll Buttons: Scrolls up or down the channel
list.
Figure 4-16. Multicarrier Channel Power Setup Dialog
4-40
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Adj Channel: Toggles the adjacent channel On or
Off.
Adj Channel Width: Sets the adjacent channel
width.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 5 MHz
Adj/Alt Channels Tab
Adj Channel Spacing: Sets the adjacent channel
spacing.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 10 MHz
Alt1 Channel: Toggles the first alternate channel
On or Off.
Alt1 Channel Width: Sets the first alternate
channel width.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 5 MHz
Alt1 Channel Spacing: Sets the first alternate
channel spacing.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 10 MHz
Alt2 Channel: Toggles the second alternate
channel On or Off.
Alt2 Channel Width: Sets the second alternate
channel width.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 5 MHz
Alt2 Channel Spacing: Sets the second alternate
channel spacing.
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 10 MHz
Figure 4-16. Multicarrier Channel Power Setup Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-41
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Front Panel Menus
ACP Reference Tab
ACP Reference Channel Selection Mode:
Selects the adjacent channel power reference
mode of:
Select Channel
Highest Power Channel
Lowest Power Channel
Channel #: Enter the channel number for the
reference (channel 1 through 12).
Range: Integers from +1 to +12
(Do not enter negative numbers)
Default: 12
/Hz: Toggles the result display between dBm or
dBm/Hz. The measurement type must be set to
Abs before /Hz can be toggled on.
Advanced Tab
Type: Toggles between an absolute or relative
measurement.
Noise Compensation: When noise compensation
is toggled on, a noise floor measurement is
subtracted from the channel power.
FFT: Toggles between FFT or Swept modes.
Start Time: Sets the start of the measurement
relative to a triggered event (currently not
available).
Stop Time: Sets the stop time of the
measurement relative to a triggered event
(currently not available).
RRC Filter: This is used to turn the root-raisedcosine filter (RRC) On or Off.
Rolloff Factor: Sets the roll-off factor for the
measurement (RRC filter must be on).
Range: 0.1 to 1.0 in steps of 0.01
Default: 1
Bandwidth: Sets the bandwidth for the
measurement (RRC filter must be on).
Range: 1 Hz to 8 GHz
Default: 3.84 MHz
Figure 4-16. Multicarrier Channel Power Setup Dialog
4-42
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
CCDF Setup Dialog
Occupied Bandwidth integrates the power of the displayed spectrum and puts markers at the bandwidth limits
as specified in the measurement setup fields. The measurement defaults to 99% of the occupied bandwidth.
CCDF Setup Tab
Target Number of Samples: Sets the target number of
samples for the measurement.
X-Axis Max: Sets the maximum X-axis value.
Gaussian Reference Line: Toggles the Gaussian
reference line On or Off.
RBW: Sets the resolution bandwidth for the analysis.
Input: Selects between Wideband RF Input or
Narrowband RF Input.
Figure 4-17. CCDF Setup Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-43
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Front Panel Menus
Spectrum Mask Setup Dialog
Spectrum Masks define limits typically used for compliance testing.
Apply Mask Tab
To apply or remove a spectrum mask from the
measurement, select a mask from the list and
toggle the mask to On or Off.
Add\Edit\Delete Mask Tab
To create a new spectrum mask, press the Edit
Mask button. The Define Spectrum Mask Dialog
appears (next row).
To edit an existing mask, select a mask from the
list, then press the Edit Mask button. The Define
Spectrum Mask Dialog appears (next row).
To delete an existing spectrum mask, select the
mask from the list, then press the Delete Mask
button.
Figure 4-18. Spectrum Mask Setup Dialog
4-44
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Define Spectrum Mask Dialog
Defining a spectrum mask consists of entering the
available mask definitions provided on the Define
Spectrum Mask dialog. Once the mask is defined,
press Save to save the mask. Apply the mask as
previously described.
Figure 4-18. Spectrum Mask Setup Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-45
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Front Panel Menus
VSA Modulation Parameters Setup Dialog
The VSA Modulation Parameters dialog allows you to specify the modulation setting for your measurement.
Modulation Settings:
Format:
Modulation Tab
BPSK: Binary Phase Shift Keying
QPSK: Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (default)
Pi4QPSK: Pi/4 Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
8PSK: Octet Phase Shift Keying
3Pi8PSK: 3Pi/8 Phase Shift Keying
16QAM: 16 Value Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
32QAM: 32 Value Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
64QAM: 64 Value Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
128QAM: 128 Value Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
256QAM: 256 Value Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
Symbol Rate: Sets the symbol rate for the
measurement.
Range: 10 kHz to 20 MHz
Default: 3.84 MHz.
Capture Time: Sets the length of the time during which
samples are captured.
Range: 1s to 5 µs*
Terminators: us, ms, s, ks, Cancel
* Constrained by the following:
10,000 ≥ (Symbol Rate x Capture Time ≥ 100
Filtering:
Filter Type: Selects from the following receiver filters:
Low Pass
Nyquist
Root Nyquist (default)
Rolloff Factor: Sets the roll-off factor for the
measurement.
Range: 0.1 to 1.0 in steps of 0.01
Default: 0.22.
Figure 4-19. VSA Modulation Parameters Dialog
4-46
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Advanced Tab
Tracking Range: Toggles the tracking range on or off.
Input: This button opens a fly-out menu with the
following input sources:
Wideband RF Input
Narrowband RF Input
Wideband Single I/Q Input
Wideband Diff I/Q Input
Cancel
Differential Data Encoding: Toggles differential
encoding off or on.
Impedance: Toggles the input impedance between 50 Ω
or 1 MΩ. The input must be changed to Single or Diff I/Q
before the input impedance can be changed.
Figure 4-19. VSA Modulation Parameters Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-47
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Front Panel Menus
WCDMA Graph Type Dialog
The WCDMA Graph Type dialog lets you select the graph type display for your measurement.
QPSK Tab
For QPSK measurements, the following graph types can
be selected:
Vector Diagram
Constellation Diagram
Power vs. Time
EVM vs. Time
Magnitude Error vs. Time
Phase Error vs. Time
All Errors vs. Time
Eye (I)
Eye (Q)
Eye (I & Q)
Summary Display
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or Downlink.
Composite Tab
For Composite measurements, the following graph types
can be selected:
Vector Diagram
Constellation Diagram
Power vs. Time
EVM vs. Time
Magnitude Error vs. Time
Phase Error vs. Time
All Errors vs. Time
Eye (I)
Eye (Q)
Eye (I & Q)
Summary Display
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or Downlink.
Figure 4-20. WCDMA Graph Type Dialog
4-48
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Code Domain Power Tab
For Code Domain Power measurements, the following
graph types can be selected:
Code Domain Power
Code Domain Power with Zoom
Code Domain Error
Code Domain Error with Zoom
Summary Display
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or Downlink.
Code Domain Single Channel Tab
For Code Domain Single Channel measurements, select
the Code number to graph and a spreading factor of 4, 8,
16, 32, 64, 128, or 256.
The following graph types can be selected:
Vector Diagram
Constellation Diagram
View Code Domain Power Graph
Summary Display
Code Power vs. Slot Overview
Code EVM vs. Time
Magnitude Error vs. Time
Phase Error vs. Time
All Errors vs. Time
Eye (I)
Eye (Q)
Eye (I & Q)
I or Q Channel Identifier (Uplink only)
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or Downlink.
Figure 4-20. WCDMA Graph Type Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-49
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Other Tab
Front Panel Menus
The following graph types can be selected for additional
Downlink measurements:
Sync Channel (SCH) Summary and
Slot Number for Data Bits
Transmit Power Control
Transmit Power vs. Time with Zoom, select: Full
Slot, Leading Edge, Trailing Edge, or Both Edges
The following graph types can be selected for additional
Uplink measurements:
Random Access Channel (RACH) Power vs. Time
RACH Power vs. Time with Zoom, select: Full Slot,
Leading Edge, Trailing Edge, or Both Edges
Summary
Preamble Number for RACH Zoom
Transmit Power Control
Transmit Power vs. Time with Zoom, select: Full
Slot, Leading Edge, Trailing Edge, or Both Edges
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or Downlink.
Figure 4-20. WCDMA Graph Type Dialog
4-50
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
WCDMA Setup Dialog
The WCDMA Setup dialog allows you to specify the WCDMA settings for your measurement.
Acquisition Config Tab
Input: Narrowband RF Input.
IQ Input Impedance: Select between 50 Ω or
1 MΩ.
Capture Length: Enter the number of frames to
capture.
Analysis Start: Enter the number of chips.
Analysis Length: Enter the number of chips.
Spectrum Inversion: Select either Normal or
Invert.
RRC Filter: Select the root raised cosine filter On
or Off.
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or
Downlink.
Figure 4-21. WCDMA Setup Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-51
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Front Panel Menus
Scrambling Code: Manually sets the modulation
scrambling code or selects Auto.
Scramble Code Type: Selects between long and
short.
Scramble Code for Compressed Channel:
Select between Ordinary, Left Alternate, or Right
Alternate.
Display “Compressed Mode” Signals: Select
Off, Auto Mode Selection, or Manual.
Demodulation Config (1) Tab
Spread Factor: Select the spreading factor of 4,
8, 16, 32, 64, 128, or Max Spread Factor.
(must select Manual Compressed Mode for this
option)
Active Code Channels: Select between Auto,
Test Models, or Manually Entered (refer to the
Channel Table Dialogs on page 4-55).
Active Channel Threshold: Enter the active
channel threshold in dB.
Range: –50 dB to –10 dB
Resolution: 1 dB
Default: –33 dB
IQ Display Rotation: Select the IQ display
rotation of 0 degrees or 45 degrees.
Max Spread Factor: Select the maximum
spreading factor of 256 or 512.
Sync Reference: Select the synchronizing
reference of DPCCH or Manual.
Transmit Diversity: Select Off, Antenna1 or
Antenna2.
Transmit Diversity Type: Select between STTD
On or STTD Off.
Active Channel Mode Selection: Select
between compressed or normal mode.
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or
Downlink.
Figure 4-21. WCDMA Setup Dialog
4-52
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Demodulation Config (2) Tab
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
IQ Origin Offset for EVM: Select to include or
exclude the IQ origin offset for the error vector
magnitude.
PCDE Spread Factor: Select either 4 or 256 for
the peak code domain error spreading factor.
EVM: Select the Y-axis scale for the error vector
magnitude of 5%, 10%, 20%, 50%, or 100%.
Magnitude Error: Select the magnitude error of
5%, 10%, 20%, 50%, or 100%.
Phase Error: Select the phase error of ±5
degrees, ±10 degrees, ±20 degrees, ±50 degrees,
±100 degrees, ±180 degrees.
Code Domain Power: Select between Relative to
Total Power or Absolute.
CDP Zoom Factor: Select the code domain zoom
factor of 4x, 16x, or 64x.
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or
Downlink.
Modulation Analysis Config Tab
Format: Select either Hex or Binary.
Sync to Pilot Bits: Select synchronization On or
Off.
Constellation Rotation: Select 0 degrees,
90 degrees, 180 degrees, or 270 degrees.
SCH Compensation: Select the synchronizing
channel compensation either On or Off.
PICH Compensation: Select the pilot channel
compensation either On or Off.
PICH Channel Number: Enter the pilot channel
number.
PICH Timing Offset: Enter the pilot channel
timing offset.
SCH Threshold: Enter the SCH threshold.
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or
Downlink.
Figure 4-21. WCDMA Setup Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-53
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
TPC Config Tab
Front Panel Menus
Time Range: Enter the number of frames for the
time range.
Averaging Time/Slot: Enter the average time per
slot.
TPC Limit Check: Select transmit power control
limit check On or Off.
Limits: Sets the TPC limits edge definitions.
Refer to Figure 4-22 for more information on
setting the TPC limit edge definitions.
Step Size: Select step sizes of 1, 2 or 3 dB.
Command Pattern: Select the command pattern
of –1, 0 or 1.
TPC Test Profile: Only Uniform is available at this
time.
Custom Profile Name: Not available at this time.
Base Station/User Equipment: Uplink or
Downlink.
Figure 4-21. WCDMA Setup Dialog
TPC Limit Edge Definition Dialog
The TPC Limit Edge Definition dialog lets you manually enter the transmit power control limit edge
definitions.
For each step size option, both the upper and
lower limit can be set for the command patterns of
1, 0, and –1
Figure 4-22. TPC Limit Edge Definition Dialog
4-54
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Channel Table Editor Dialog
The Channel Table Editor dialog lets you manually enter the active code channel setup.
Channel Table Editor
The Channel Table Editor is used to create or edit
channel tables.
Scroll Bar: Use the scroll bar to scroll through the
channel codes.
Table Name: Enter the table name, select a table
to Open, or use the last measured table.
When the Edit table is selected, the table
parameters below become available.
Enter the Code Number, select the Spreading
Factor and note the Symbol Rate.
Choose the Modulation Type of Auto, 16QAM, or
QPSK.
When the New Code button is selected, the
incompatible code parameters become available.
Configure the code parameters as described
above or select to delete a code.
Channel Table Test Models
The Channel Table Test Models dialog allows
selection of one of eleven common WCDMA test
models.
Figure 4-23. Channel Table Dialogs
MS278XB OM
4-55
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Front Panel Menus
Customize Tool Bar Dialog
The Customize Tool Bar Dialog allows you to add and remove icons to suit your needs.
Figure 4-24. Customize Tool Bar Dialog
Refer to “Customizing the Tool Bar” on page 2-11 for more information.
Options Dialog
The Options dialog allows you to view the options list. Here you can determine which options are installed and
install new options.
Figure 4-25. Options Dialog
Refer to “Installing Options” on page 2-10 for more information.
4-56
MS278XB OM
Front Panel Menus
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
MATLAB Setup Dialog
The MATLAB Setup dialog allows you to launch The MathWorks MATLAB application. In this dialog, you can
toggle the MATLAB connection On and Off, and select which information to send (Active Traces and I/O
Vectors). For more information about using MATLAB, refer to “Signature–MathWorks Connectivity
(Option 40 only)” on page 6-1.
Basic Tab
Connect to MATLAB: Toggles the MATLAB connectivity on or
off.
Select MATLAB Script to Run: Opens a dialog to select a
MATLAB script.
Type MATLAB Script: Sends the MATLAB script to run.
Run: Runs the MATLAB scripts above.
Script Results: Returns the results from the executed MATLAB
scripts.
MATLAB Handshake: Toggles the MATLAB handshaking on
or off. Handshaking allows you to know when Signature is
finished making a measurement and can be useful for such
things as storing or averaging multiple traces, where you need
to know when the trace data is new.
Figure 4-26. MATLAB Setup Dialog
MS278XB OM
4-57
Parameter Entry and Measurement Setup Dialog Archive
Advanced Tab
Front Panel Menus
Send To MATLAB:
IQ Data: Toggles the IQ Data (vectors) on or off and enables
the transfer configurations below. The IQ vectors from
Signature give you the most freedom to make complex
measurements, such as FFTs or demodulation, and allow larger
data sets. When IQ Data is selected, Signature does not
display trace data and the MATLAB Setup dialog must be left
open.
Sample Rate (S/s)/BandWidth (Hz): Selects the following
Sample Rate and Bandwidth, (S/s)/(Hz):
With Option 22:
50M/25M, 50M/20M, 25M/10M, 12.5M/5M,
6.25M/2M, 3.125M/1M, 2M/800K, 1M/400K,
500K/200K, 400K/150K, 200K/80K, 100K/40K
Without Option 22:
21.4M/10M, 21.4M/5M, 12.8M/3M, 8.56M/2M,
4.28M/1M, 2.14M/500K, 1.284M/300K,
856K/200K, 428K/100K
Capture Time: Sets the capture time. Ranges from 2 µs to
1.28 s, depending on the sample rate/bandwidth selection.
Sweep Mode: Toggles between continuous or single sweep
modes and starts a single sweep. Sweep mode is disabled
when handshaking is enabled.
Input: Toggles between Wideband RF Input, Narrowband
RF Input, Wideband Single I/Q or Wideband Diff I/Q.
Impedance: Toggles between 50Ω or 1MΩ.
MATLAB Handshake: Toggles the MATLAB handshaking on
or off. Handshaking allows you to know when Signature is
finished making a measurement and can be useful for such
things as storing or averaging multiple traces, where you need
to know when the trace data is new. When handshaking is
selected, sweep mode is disabled.
In the MATLAB application, the following script:
Signature_Control(‘StartSweep’)
is used to initiate a sweep when handshaking is toggled On.
Figure 4-26. MATLAB Setup Dialog
Note: The connection to MATLAB can only be made when Option 40 is installed. Option 40 comes with a trial
version of MATLAB, from The MathWorks, that may need to be activated. The full MATLAB software is not
supplied with Signature and must be purchased separately.
Install MATLAB with any of its configurations and licensing option onto the “C:” drive in Signature. It is best
to install
MATLAB into the default directory.
4-58
MS278XB OM
Chapter 5 — Measurements
5-1 Introduction
This chapter provides procedures on how to make several common spectrum analyzer measurements. It is
assumed that you have a basic understanding of spectrum analyzer measurements and that the MS278XB
front panel and menu structure is familiar to you. Refer to Chapter 3 — for a description of the instrument’s
front panel operation and to Chapter 4 — for a description of the instrument’s menus and their structure. Once
you are familiar with the instrument, you should be able to easily follow the procedures found in the following
sections of this chapter:
• Basic Measurement Setups on page 5-1
• Measurement Examples on page 5-19
• RF Measurements on page 5-28
• Modulation Measurements on page 5-35
5-2 Basic Measurement Setups
This section describes the basic manual operation of the signal analyzer. In the following procedures, the
receiver is tuned over a swept range of frequencies and the power is computed at each of the displayed data
points. The range of frequencies, resolution bandwidth, video bandwidth, trace processing, reference power
level, scale factor (dB/division), and type of signal detection must all be selected to determine a valid setup for
the measurement. Alternately, many of these parameters may be auto coupled to enable a valid measurement.
The most common steps to achieve this are illustrated throughout the procedures in this chapter.
The procedures in this section assume that the analyzer will not be equipped with an external keyboard and
mouse, and that you will be using the touch screen and front panel keys. The same operations may be
performed in a similar fashion by making use of an external keyboard and mouse. The following measurement
setups are illustrated in this section:
• Setting the Center Frequency
• Setting the Frequency Span
• Setting the Start and Stop Frequencies
• Setting the Reference Level
• Setting the Input Attenuation
• Setting the Scale/Div
• Setting the Resolution Bandwidth
• Setting the Video Bandwidth
• Setting the Sweep Time
• Setting the Bandwidth Coupling Modes
• Setting Markers
• Setting Trace Modes
• Configuring the Triggering
MS278XB OM
5-1
Basic Measurement Setups
Measurements
Setting the Center Frequency
The center frequency is set at the center of the graticule display.
1. Press the Freq icon on the main menu bar, or press the Frequency key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Frequency menu below:
2. Press in the Center parameter field and use the keypad to enter the desired center frequency, then select
the appropriate frequency terminator from the fly-out menu.
5-2
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Basic Measurement Setups
Setting the Frequency Span
The frequency span is set such that the graticule display shows the entire span from the left edge of the
graticule to the right edge of the graticule.
1. Press the Freq icon on the main menu bar, or press the Frequency key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Frequency menu below:
2. Press in the Span parameter field and use the keypad to enter the desired frequency span, then select the
appropriate frequency terminator from the fly-out menu.
Note: When the Center frequency and frequency Span are entered, the Start and Stop frequencies are
automatically determined.
MS278XB OM
5-3
Basic Measurement Setups
Measurements
Setting the Start and Stop Frequencies
The start frequency is set at the left side of the graticule display and the stop frequency is set at the right side
of the graticule display.
1. Press the Freq icon on the main menu bar, or press the Frequency key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Frequency menu below:
2. Press in the Start parameter field and use the keypad to enter the desired start frequency, then select the
appropriate frequency terminator from the fly-out menu.
3. Repeat the previous step for the Stop frequency.
Note: When the Start and Stop frequencies are entered, the Center frequency and frequency Span are
automatically determined.
5-4
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Basic Measurement Setups
Setting the Reference Level
The reference level is set at the top of the graticule display. Measurements can only be made on signal peaks
that are below the reference level, so it is important to determine the approximate level of the signal peak and
appropriately set the reference level higher than the signals being measured.
1. Press the Amp icon on the main menu bar, or press the Amplitude key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Amplitude menu below:
2. Press in the Reference Level parameter field and use the keypad to enter the desired reference level, then
select the appropriate amplitude terminator from the fly-out menu.
MS278XB OM
5-5
Basic Measurement Setups
Measurements
Setting the Input Attenuation
The input attenuation is set to bring the input signal down to an optimum level range below +30 dBm and to
protect the input stage of the analyzer from damage. The input attenuation can be selected between Manual or
Auto. The Auto attenuation settings are based on the internal mixer and reference levels currently set on the
analyzer. The Manual attenuation level must be appropriately set based on the input signal level.
1. Press the Amp icon on the main menu bar, or press the Amplitude key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Amplitude menu below:
2. Select Manual or Auto from the Manual/Auto toggle button.
3. If manual attenuation is selected, press in the Attenuation parameter field and use the keypad to enter
the desired attenuation level, then select the appropriate amplitude terminator from the fly-out menu.
5-6
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Basic Measurement Setups
Setting the Scale/Div
The Scale/Div selection is only available when the instrument is set to Log mode. The Scale/Div setting adjusts
the number of units per vertical division of the graticule display.
1. Press the Amp icon on the main menu bar, or press the Amplitude key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Amplitude menu below:
2. Press in the Scale/Div parameter field and use the keypad to enter the desired scaling value, then select
the appropriate terminator from the fly-out menu.
MS278XB OM
5-7
Basic Measurement Setups
Measurements
Setting the Resolution Bandwidth
The Resolution Bandwidth (RBW) sets the filter response of the analyzer’s IF stages. This is defined as the
width of the filter response at its 3 dB (50%) point from maximum. Increasing the RBW allows faster sweep
times while decreasing the RBW allows you to view lower noise levels.
1. Press the BW icon on the main menu bar, or press the Bandwidth key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Bandwidth menu below:
2. Select Auto RBW mode or press in the RBW parameter field and use the keypad to enter the desired
bandwidth, then select the appropriate terminator from the fly-out menu.
5-8
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Basic Measurement Setups
Setting the Video Bandwidth
The Video Bandwidth (VBW) sets the filter response of the analyzer’s Video processor.
1. Press the BW icon on the main menu bar, or press the Bandwidth key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Bandwidth menu below:
2. Select Auto VBW mode or press in the VBW parameter field and use the keypad to enter the desired
bandwidth, then select the appropriate terminator from the fly-out menu.
MS278XB OM
5-9
Basic Measurement Setups
Measurements
Setting the Sweep Time
The Sweep Time sets the duration of a full span sweep. When the sweep time is set to Manual mode, the RBW
and VBW settings need to be set to Auto to allow for their automatic determination.
1. Press the BW icon on the main menu bar, or press the Bandwidth key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Bandwidth menu below:
2. Select Auto Sweep Time mode or press in the Sweep Time parameter field and use the keypad to enter
the desired sweep time, then select the appropriate terminator from the fly-out menu.
5-10
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Basic Measurement Setups
Setting the Bandwidth Coupling Modes
The Bandwidth Auto Coupling modes (Span/RBW and VBW/RBW) sets the coupling ratios of the span, RBW,
and VBW. These ratios can be set automatically or manually as follows:
1. Press the BW icon on the main menu bar, or press the Bandwidth key on the instrument front panel, then
expand the Auto Coupling menu by selecting it to display the menu below:
2. Select the All Auto mode.
3. If All Auto is not selected, press in the Span/RBW or VBW/RBW parameter field and use the keypad to
enter the desired ratio, then select the appropriate terminator from the fly-out menu.
4. Toggle the sweep time coupling mode between speed or amplitude accuracy.
Note: When the sweep time coupling mode is set to Speed, the amplitude measurement accuracy is slightly
degraded. Amplitude accuracy specifications only apply to the Accy sweep time coupling mode.
MS278XB OM
5-11
Basic Measurement Setups
Measurements
Setting Markers
Markers can be used to measure the frequency and peak power values as follows:
1. Press the Marker icon on the main menu bar, or press the Marker key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Marker Select menu below:
2. Press the Active Marker button and select the marker you wish to make active from the fly-out menu.
3. Press the Off On button to turn the marker on.
4. To activate a delta marker, you must first turn on Marker 1 as a reference, then turn on any other
marker and press the Normal/Delta button.
The marker’s value is displayed on the Marker Select menu, at the top of the graticule display, and near
the actual marker on the trace.
5-12
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Basic Measurement Setups
5. To activate the marker table, select the Marker Config menu and press the Marker Table Off/On toggle
button.
The marker table is displayed under the graticule as shown below:
MS278XB OM
5-13
Basic Measurement Setups
Measurements
Setting Trace Modes
Signature can display up to five traces, each using different trace modes and detectors. Set up the various trace
modes and detectors as follows:
1. Press the Trace icon on the main menu bar, or press the Trace key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Trace Config menu below:
2. Press the Trace Select button and select the trace you wish to make active from the fly-out menu.
Note: By default, Trace 1 is set to the active trace in the Clear-Write state. When a new trace is selected as the
active trace, the Trace 1 mode is set to Off (Blank) by default and is not displayed until a new mode is
selected.
5-14
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Basic Measurement Setups
3. Press the Trace Mode button and select a trace mode from the fly-out menu below to turn the trace on.
Note: Refer to Displaying Trace Modes on page 5-26 for a detailed description of the trace modes.
MS278XB OM
5-15
Basic Measurement Setups
Measurements
4. To change the detector for the currently active trace, press the Detector button and select a new detector
from the fly-out menu below:
Note: Refer to Displaying Detectors on page 5-25 for a more detailed description of the different detectors.
5-16
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Basic Measurement Setups
Configuring the Triggering
Signature has a variety of trigger modes and configurations you can setup to help you display signals.
Configure the instrument triggering as follows:
1. Press the Trig icon on the main menu bar, or press the Trigger key on the instrument front panel, to
display the Trigger menu below:
2. To change the trigger source, press the Trigger Source button and select the trigger source from the flyout menu below:
MS278XB OM
5-17
Basic Measurement Setups
Measurements
3. Press in the Trigger Level parameter field and enter the trigger level using the keypad, then select the
appropriate terminator from the fly-out menu below:
4. Select the trigger slope by pressing the Rising/Falling toggle button.
5. To enter a trigger delay, press in the Trigger Delay parameter field and enter a value using the keypad,
then select the appropriate terminator from the fly-out menu below:
5-18
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Measurement Examples
5-3 Measurement Examples
The examples in this section give a simple step-by-step instruction on how to set up the MS278XB to perform
the measurement and show a final screen shot of the measurement result.
The following example measurements are shown:
• Measuring a CW Carrier
• Measuring Harmonics
• Displaying Wide Band FFT Mode
• Displaying Narrow Band FFT Mode
• Measuring a Pulse in the Time Domain
• Displaying Trace Modes
• Displaying Detectors
• Measuring Phase Noise
It is assumed that you have read the previous section, Basic Measurement Setups, and are familiar with the
instrument’s menus and measurement setup procedures.
Note: All RF measurements apply only to the active trace.
MS278XB OM
5-19
Measurement Examples
Measurements
Measuring a CW Carrier
The following example shows a basic measurement of a 0 dBm, 5 GHz carrier using markers:
1. Preset the analyzer using the Preset button.
2. On the analyzer, set up the following:
Center Frequency: 5 GHz
Span: 20 kHz
RBW: 200 Hz
3. In the Auto Coupling menu, toggle the Sweep Time Coupling to Accy.
4. Select Marker 1 as the active marker and toggle it on, then toggle the Marker Table on.
5. Press the Mkr–>Pk icon to send the marker to the signal peak.
6. Read the frequency and amplitude value from the marker table at the bottom of the graticule.
The display should look like the one in the figure below:
Figure 5-1.
5-20
Measuring a CW Carrier
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Measurement Examples
Measuring Harmonics
The following example shows a basic measurement of the second and third harmonic of a + 10 dBm, 1 GHz
carrier using delta markers:
1. Preset the analyzer using the Preset button.
2. On the analyzer, set up the following:
Center Frequency: 2 GHz
Span: 3 GHz
Reference Level: 10 dBm
RBW: 30 kHz
3. Turn on Marker 1 and press the Mkr–>Pk icon, then turn on the Marker Table.
4. Turn on Marker 2, set it as a Delta Marker, then press the Next Peak icon until the marker lands on the
second harmonic.
5. Turn on Marker 3, set it as a Delta Marker, then press the Next Peak icon until the marker lands on the
third harmonic.
The display should look like the one in the figure below:
Figure 5-2.
Measuring Harmonics
MS278XB OM
5-21
Measurement Examples
Measurements
Displaying Wide Band FFT Mode
The following example shows a modulated, 1 GHz signal in the wide band FFT mode:
1. Preset the analyzer using the Preset button.
2. On the analyzer, set the center frequency to 1 GHz.
3. From the Sweep menu, set the Sweep Mode to FFT Wide Band.
The display should look like the one in the figure below:
Figure 5-3.
5-22
Displaying Wide Band FFT Mode
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Measurement Examples
Displaying Narrow Band FFT Mode
The following example shows a modulated, 1 GHz signal in the narrow band FFT mode:
1. Preset the analyzer using the Preset button.
2. On the analyzer, set the center frequency to 1 GHz.
3. From the Sweep menu, set the Sweep Mode to FFT.
The display should look like the one in the figure below:
Figure 5-4.
Displaying Narrow Band FFT Mode
MS278XB OM
5-23
Measurement Examples
Measurements
Measuring a Pulse in the Time Domain
The following example shows a triggered measurement of a pulsed 1 GHz signal in zero-span mode:
1. Preset the analyzer using the Preset button.
2. On the analyzer, set up the following:
Center Frequency: 1 GHz
Span: 0 Hz
Reference Level: 10 dBm
3. On the Bandwidth menu, set the sweep time to be twice the pulse width of the signal. In this case, it is set
to 0.2 ms to measure a 0.1 ms pulse width.
4. On the Trigger menu, set the trigger source to Video, enter a trigger level of –20 dBm, and ensure that
Rising edge triggering is selected.
The display should look like the one in the figure below:
Figure 5-5.
5-24
Measuring a Pulse in the Time Domain
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Measurement Examples
Displaying Detectors
The following example shows an example of a 1 GHz carrier using the Average, RMS, Minimum, and
Maximum detectors:
1. Preset the analyzer using the Preset button.
2. Set the center frequency to 1 GHz and the span to 300 kHz.
3. On the Trace Config menu, set the Trace 1 detector to Average.
4. Select Trace 2 as the active trace and set it’s detector to RMS.
5. Select Trace 3 as the active trace and set it’s detector to Minimum.
6. Select Trace 4 as the active trace and set it’s detector to Maximum.
The display should look like the one in the figure below:
Figure 5-6.
Displaying Detector Modes
MS278XB OM
5-25
Measurement Examples
Measurements
Displaying Trace Modes
The following example shows the display of a 1 GHz carrier using the MaxHold, Average, and MinHold trace
states:
1. Preset the analyzer using the Preset button.
2. Set the center frequency to 1 GHz and the span to 300 kHz.
3. On the Trace Config menu, set Trace 1 to the MaxHold state.
4. Select Trace 2 as the active trace and set it to the Average state with 5 averages.
5. Select Trace 3 as the active trace and set it to the MinHold state.
The display should look like the one in the figure below:
Figure 5-7.
5-26
Displaying Trace Modes
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Measurement Examples
Measuring Phase Noise
The following example shows a basic measurement of a 1 GHz carrier’s 100 kHz phase noise using markers:
1. Preset the analyzer using the Preset button.
2. On the analyzer, set up the following:
Center Frequency: 1 GHz
Span: 1 MHz
RBW: 1 kHz
Sweep Time: 30 seconds
3. On the System | Configuration menu, set the Optimize Phase Noise to Manual and set >85 kHz.
4. On the Trace Config menu, set the Trace 1 detector to Maximum.
5. Press the Mkr–>Pk icon, and then the Pk–>RL icon.
6. On the Trace Config menu, select Trace 2 as the active trace, Trace Mode to Clear-Write, and then set its
detector to RMS.
7. On the Marker menu, select Marker 2 as the active marker, set its Marker Function as a Delta Marker on
Trace 2, and then set its frequency to 100 kHz.
8. On the Marker Config menu, set Marker 2 as a Noise Marker.
9. Read the delta marker value from the top of the graticule.
The display should look like the one in the figure below:
Figure 5-8.
Measuring Phase Noise
MS278XB OM
5-27
RF Measurements
Measurements
5-4 RF Measurements
This section describes the one-button Spectrum RF measurements that are available. In the RF measurement
mode (refer to “Measurement Main Menu” on page 4-19), you can make power measurements, such as:
• Third Order Intercept Measurement
• Occupied Bandwidth Measurement
• Channel Power Measurement
• Adjacent Channel Power Measurement
• Multicarrier Channel Power Measurement
5-28
MS278XB OM
Measurements
RF Measurements
Third Order Intercept Measurement
The Third Order Intercept (TOI) measurement computes and displays the output intercept point and places
markers on the trace to indicate the measured signals and their third-order products.
For odd orders, the measurement is done by:
1. Applying 2 tones with a small separation (usually < 1 MHz) and identical amplitudes to the DUT. Note
that the signal generator must generate very low levels of interfering signals at the expected location of
the distortion components.
2. Measuring the amplitude difference between the applied tones and the distortion components. The
distortion components will be at known frequencies, based on the separation of the 2 tones and the order
of the distortion.
3. Computing the intercept point. This is the theoretical level where the distortion component would be the
same level as the input signal. Since the distortion changes by a known amount with signal level, based
on the order, this is a simple computation.
Figure 5-9.
Third Order Intercept Measurement
MS278XB OM
5-29
RF Measurements
Measurements
Occupied Bandwidth Measurement
The Occupied Bandwidth (OBW) measurement shows the bandwidth that includes most of the channel energy.
This is usually 99%, but can be adjusted. It also shows the bandwidth that is occupied down to X dB below the
signal level, which can also be adjusted.
When in the OBW measurement, the frequency, sweep and bandwidth parameters are used according to basic
instrument setup. The RBW must be sufficiently small to not affect the OBW reading. The attenuator and
reference level must be set correctly and the signal must be significantly above the analyzer’s noise floor to get
a reasonable measurement. The detector is automatically set to RMS detector.
During the measurement, the instrument integrates power over the entire span, then starts integrating out
from the center until the selected percentage is reached. The corresponding bandwidth is reported as OBW.
The Center of the measurement is the point where the integrated power is one half of the total span. The
instrument then starts at the center and move outward until the X dB value is crossed, then reports the X dB
bandwidth value.
The following measurement is made on a 2 GHz, 3.8 MHz QPSK modulated test signal. The analyzer is set up
with a 20 MHz span using all other default setups.
Figure 5-10. Occupied Bandwidth Measurement
5-30
MS278XB OM
Measurements
RF Measurements
Channel Power Measurement
The Channel Power (CP) measurement is similar to a power meter. It shows the total power from a
transmitter, but the measurement is more accurate than a power meter as it is frequency selective and can be
made on lower amplitude signals.
The channel power measurement is made by integrating the power reading from multiple pixels on the display
and making various corrections to this result.
The measurement is made by setting the span to be somewhat larger than the channel width of interest.
Markers are used to indicate the channel width and the power from all of the display points within the
markers are integrated to obtain the channel power. RMS detection is used to ensure accurate readings for
digital modulation with any amplitude statistics. A correction is then applied to account for the noise
bandwidth of the RBW filter, along with the channel bandwidth and the number of data points.
The following is the equation used to calculate the Channel Power:
Where:
CP = Channel Power in dBm
CHBW = Channel bandwidth in kHz
RBW = Resolution bandwidth used for measurement in kHz
kn = RBW filter noise bandwidth correction factor
kn = NBW/RBW
N = Number of data points within the channel
Pi = Level represented by data point i of the trace in dBm
MS278XB OM
5-31
RF Measurements
Measurements
Figure 5-11. Channel Power Measurement
5-32
MS278XB OM
Measurements
RF Measurements
Adjacent Channel Power Measurement
Adjacent Channel Power (ACP) is a measure of the power that leaks into adjacent transmit channels. The ACP
measurement measures the power present in the transmit channel (refer to Channel Power Measurement on
page 5-31) along with the adjacent transmit channels that have been configured in the setup menu. In this
example display, the channel bandwidth and channel spacing are set to 5 MHz.
Figure 5-12. Adjacent Channel Power Measurement
MS278XB OM
5-33
RF Measurements
Measurements
Multicarrier Channel Power Measurement
The Multicarrier Channel Power (MCCP) measurement is similar to the Channel Power measurement (refer to
Channel Power Measurement on page 5-31). It shows the total power from a transmitter, but the measurement
is more accurate than a power meter as it is frequency selective and can be made on lower amplitude signals.
The Multicarrier Channel Power measurement is similar in this regard, only it is capable of measuring up to
12 carriers at the same time, along with measuring the adjacent channel and two alternate channel powers.
Below is an example display measuring four carriers as well as the upper and lower adjacent and upper and
lower alternate channels.
Figure 5-13. Multi-Carrier Channel Power with ACPR Measurement
5-34
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
5-5 Modulation Measurements
This section outlines a few common modulation measurements performed by Signature. These measurements
include:
• QPSK Measurement
• QAM Measurement
• WCDMA Measurements
• Code Domain Power Measurement
• Code Domain Error Measurement
• Composite Measurement
• Single Code Measurement
• Single Code with Compressed Mode Measurement
• WCDMA Uplink Code Domain Power
• WCDMA Uplink Code Domain Single Channel
MS278XB OM
5-35
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
QPSK Measurement
The following modulation measurements use a 2 GHz test signal at 5 dBm with the analyzer set up as follows:
• Modulation Format: QPSK
• Filter Type: vNyquist
• Roll-off Factor (a): 0.22
• Symbol Rate: 3.84 MHz
Vector Graph of QPSK Modulated Test Signal
Figure 5-14. Vector Graph of QPSK Modulated Test Signal
5-36
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
EVM vs. Time Graph of QPSK Modulated Test Signal
Figure 5-15. EVM/Time Graph of QPSK Modulated Test Signal
MS278XB OM
5-37
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
Summary Table of QPSK Modulated Test Signal
Figure 5-16. Summary Table of QPSK Modulated Test Signal
5-38
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
Eye (I or Q) Graph of QPSK Modulated Test Signal
Figure 5-17. Eye Graph of QPSK Modulated Test Signal
MS278XB OM
5-39
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
QAM Measurement
The following modulation measurements use a 2 GHz, 64QAM modulated test signal at 5 dBm with the
analyzer set up as follows:
• Modulation Format: 64 QAM
• Roll-off Factor (a): 0.22
• Symbol Rate: 5 MHz
Constellation Graph of 64 QAM Modulated Test Signal
Figure 5-18. Constellation Graph of 64 QAM Modulated Test Signal
5-40
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
Power vs. Time Graph of 64 QAM Modulated Test Signal
Figure 5-19. Power/Time Graph of 64 QAM Modulated Test Signal
MS278XB OM
5-41
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
WCDMA Measurements
All of the common modulation quality measurements are available, similar to the Signature Option 38 (QAM/
PSK Modulation Analysis); however, since this is focused on WCDMA, the symbol (chip) rate is fixed at 3.84
MHz. A few additional displays (compared to Option 38) are available as well, including Magnitude Error vs.
Time and Phase Error vs. Time.
One of the strongest features of the WCDMA measurement user interface is that you are rarely required to use
the Setup menu. In most cases when you connect a signal, set the center frequency and amplitude correctly,
and select the WCDMA measurement you want, Signature will provide a measurement result.
The rare exceptions include:
• When making QPSK measurements, the signal must be QPSK—it can not have multiple codes
• If the signal does not have a pilot (P-CPICH), the channel requires manual synchronization
• If the signal does not have the synchronizing channel (SCH), the scrambling code needs to be manually
entered
• In addition, there are a number of advanced measurements that are accessed from the Setup menu, such
as Compressed Mode displays, Transmit Diversity, and measuring other than the first slot (or longer
than one frame in the Single-Channel Code Power vs. Slot Overview)
Refer to “WCDMA Setup Dialog” on page 4-51 for information about setting up a WCDMA measurement.
5-42
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
Two key measurements for CDMA are the Code Domain Power (CDP) and Code Domain Error (CDE).
Code Domain Power Measurement
Signature can display the Code Domain Power with an optional zoom window or an optional summary table, or
both. In each case, the absolute power in each active code is shown.
The graph types are set up using the Graph Type setup dialog shown below by pressing the button for the
measurement you want. Each tab also has a check box that is usually in the lower left corner that is an option
to the measurement. In the dialog shown, the option is to include a Summary table (showing the Code Domain
Power and Error of the active codes) to each of the selected graphs. The buttons immediately switch to the
graph type selected. The check boxes are options for CPD overview.
Figure 5-20. Code Domain Power Graph Selection Dialog
One of the key measurements of the WCDMA signal is the power level of the pilot signal (P-CPICH). This is the
left most signal on the display in the following figures. The table view makes the power level of any code very
easy to see and markers allow for picking out individual codes from the graph.
MS278XB OM
5-43
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
The Code Domain Power graph shows the power in each code and allows a comparison to the total signal power
in terms of absolute power.
Figure 5-21. Code Domain Power for Test Model
5-44
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
The following CDP display is with the summary table view active. The table can be scrolled by using the scroll
buttons on the right side of the table.
Figure 5-22. Code Domain Power for Test Model 5 with Summary Table
MS278XB OM
5-45
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
The following CDP display is with the zoom view active. The zoom view can be scrolled by using the scroll
buttons on the bottom of the graph.
Figure 5-23. Code Domain Power for a Test Model with Zoom
5-46
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
The following CDP display is with both the zoom and summary table views active. The views can be scrolled by
using the scroll buttons next to each of the graphs.
Figure 5-24. Code Domain Power for Test Model 1 with Zoom and Summary Table
MS278XB OM
5-47
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
Code Domain Error Measurement
Signature can display the Code Domain Error with an optional zoom window or an optional summary
table, or both. In each case, the absolute power in each active code is shown.
Below is the graph type selection dialog:
Figure 5-25. Code Domain Power Graph Selection Dialog
5-48
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
The CDE graphs shows the error of each code and is similar to the EVM of each code, but it is in dB.
Figure 5-26. Code Domain Error of Test Model 2
MS278XB OM
5-49
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
QPSK Measurement
The next class of modulation quality measurements is when you don’t have a full WCDMA transmitter,
but you want to measure the modulation quality anyway. This is a common test for RF components, for
example. These are called QPSK measurements, as you would use a QPSK-modulated signal generator
as a source.
Component measurements are similar to QAM/PSK measurements, except they are at a WCDMA chip
rate of 3.84 MHz. Signature is capable of displaying:
• Vector Diagram & Constellation
• Power vs. Time
• EVM, Magnitude Error, Phase Error, or all 3 vs. Time
• Eye Diagrams (I, Q, or both)
• Optional Summary table with any diagram
• EVM (RMS, Peak, Peak Location)
• Magnitude & Phase Error
• IQ Offset
• Frequency Error
The graph types are set up using the Graph Type setup dialog shown below by pressing the button for
the measurement you want. Each tab also has a check box that is usually in the lower left corner. This is
an option to the measurement. In the dialog shown below, the option is to include a Summary table to
each of the selected graphs.
Figure 5-27. QPSK Graph Type Setup Dialog
5-50
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
The following display is a constellation measurement along with the key summary measurements (EVM,
IQ Offset, Frequency Error, Magnitude Error and Phase Error).
Figure 5-28. QPSK Constellation with Summary Table
MS278XB OM
5-51
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
Signature can also show displays of multiple measurements at once, such as this All Errors vs. Time
display. This display simultaneously shows EVM, Magnitude Error and Phase Error, all versus time.
The display scale of EVM, Magnitude Error, and Phase Error can be set in the Demodulation Config (2)
Tab in the WCDMA Setup dialog. Refer to Figure 4-21 on page 4-51 for more information about the
WCDMA Setup dialog.
Figure 5-29. All Errors Vs. Time Display
5-52
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
Eye diagrams are also available. These can be of the I channel, the Q channel, or both at once as show
here.
Figure 5-30. QPSK Eye-I and Eye-Q Diagram
MS278XB OM
5-53
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
Composite Measurement
The next class of measurements are of the Composite signal. This measures the entire coded WCDMA
signal and provides metrics for the entire signal in both uplink and downlink modes. A standard
measurement of the transmitter is the Composite EVM (shown in the summary table). This is the EVM
of a signal that has all of the active codes combined together for the entire transmitter.
3GPP has “Composite EVM” conformance specifications similar to QPSK, but they look very different
due to the different signals. Each code is demodulated, then combined to get a composite waveform. The
composite measurement also supports HSDPA signals along with several additional measurements such
as:
• Scramble Code
• Peak Code Domain Error
• Power in the Synchronizing Channel (SCH)
Figure 5-31. Composite Graph Type Selection Dialog
5-54
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
Below is a composite constellation along with the summary table. The composite constellation includes
the effects of all active codes as well as noise. If there was only one active code, the constellation would be
very simple—it would look like QPSK. As additional codes are added, the constellation gets more
complex. This constellation is of Test Model 2, which is a fairly simple signal where only 7 codes are
being transmitted out of a total possibility of 256 (or even 512) codes.
Figure 5-32. Composite Constellation with Summary Table of a Test Model
All of the summary measurements shown for QPSK are available. Additional summary measurements,
such as Peak Code Domain Error (a required measurement), Rho, and a variety of power measurements,
such as total power and the power in the Synchronizing channel (SCH) are also available. To perform a
composite measurement on the uplink signal, check Uplink on the Base Station/User Equipment button
in the WCDMA Graph Type dialog on the Composite tab.
MS278XB OM
5-55
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
Single Code Measurement
The next class of modulation quality measurements focuses on a single WCDMA code. This is again very
similar to the QPSK and Composite measurement selections, but with a few significant differences.
Instead of an optional summary table with each measurement, there is an optional Code Domain Power
graph; this helps the user visualize which code is being measured. The summary table is still available,
but in this case it is a separate display (rather than an option to the other displays). One other difference
is the Power vs. Time display; in this case, instead of focusing on the detail of 1 slot, the display shows
the power level over a longer time frame—up to 8 frames (120 slots) total.
Figure 5-33. Code Domain Single Channel Graph Type Selection Dialog
5-56
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
The following figure is an example of the single-code measurements. This is the Code Power vs. Slot
overview looking at 1 Frame (15 slots). The optional Code Domain Power graph shows that the chosen
code (#65 at spreading factor 256) is an active code since it is highlighted in blue. Two additional codes at
the left are the pilot signal (P-CPICH) and the control channels (SCH & P-CCPCH), which is necessary
for automatic measurements.
The top graph shows that the power level of this code varies with time. This is a simple example where
the power varies in linear 5 dB steps from 0 dB (relative to the maximum) to –40 dB. Note that the
markers read out either relative to the total power (shown here) or in absolute values (in dBm).
Note that the 2 key measurements of EVM (for this code) and Carrier Frequency Offset are shown at the
top of the graph and that the scramble code is shown at the top of the CDP overview.
Note also that the CDP overview shows the power for the selected slot (in the Setup dialog); the default
for this is slot #1, so the CDP for the selected code in the CDP overview is the same as the power in slot
#1 of the upper graph.
Figure 5-34. Single Channel Code Power vs. Slot Overview with Code Domain Power Display
MS278XB OM
5-57
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
This single-code example shows the 16QAM constellation of an HSDPA signal. This is Test Model 5 with
two high speed data channels. The selected code (#4 at Spreading Factor 16) is shown highlighted. Note
the buttons at the bottom of the screen that make it easy to move among the active codes.
Figure 5-35. Single Channel Constellation of HSDPA Code with Code Domain Power Overview
5-58
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
Below is the Summary table showing the key modulation quality measurements and the bit stream for
one of the codes. In this case, it is code #11 at spreading factor 128. The modulation quality
measurements are again very similar to the Composite & QPSK measurements with minor differences.
For example, PCDE and Rho don’t make sense for a single code.
Note that the bit stream can be very long in some cases. If you have captured the full 8 frames and have
a high speed (HSDPA) signal, there can be many pages of the bit stream. The scroll buttons at the right
facilitate viewing all of this information.
Figure 5-36. Single-Code Summary Table with Bit Stream Display
MS278XB OM
5-59
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
Below is an example of the summary table showing the bit stream of a high-speed channel in binary. In
this case, you can see about 2.5 slots on the display.
Figure 5-37. Single-Code Summary Table of HSDPA Bit Stream in Binary
5-60
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
Single Code with Compressed Mode Measurement
The final class of measurements is of Single Codes in Compressed Mode. We are calling this a separate
“class” as there are a number of significant distinctions from the usual single-code measurements.
This example is of the Code Power vs. Slot overview, but with the maximum capture time selected (eight
frames or 120 slots). The signal being measured is periodically compressed as can be seen near the
marker.
Figure 5-38. Single Channel Code Power vs. Slot
MS278XB OM
5-61
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
For all other Single Channel measurements (other than the Code Power vs. Slot Overview), you can
choose either the Normal or Compressed display. The measurement results will then be for the signal
assuming that it is in the mode of the chosen Analysis Start and Length.
Figure 5-39. Single Channel Compressed Mode Constellation with CDP Overview
5-62
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
WCDMA Uplink Code Domain Power
The Code Domain Power (CDP) measurement for Uplink measures the CDP for each code channel for
each Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor (OVSF) code. There are four graph type options for this
measurement:
• Code Domain Power
• Code Domain Power with Zoom
• Code Domain Error
• Code Domain Error with Zoom
The measurement graph type can be selected from the WCDMA Graph Type dialog as shown in
Figure 5-40.
Figure 5-40. Code Domain Power Setup Screen
In WCDMA Uplink, there are the DPCCH and DPDCH channels. In a HSUPA signal, there are DPCCH,
DPDCH, HS-DPCCH, E-DPCCH, and E-DPDCH channels. In the CDP display, different types of
channels are identified with different colors. Figure 5-41 shows a Code Domain Power graph. The
measuring signal is HSUPATest2SF2 and it consists of two SF2 E-DPDCH channels as follows:
• 1 DPCCH channel C(256, 0)-Q
• 1 DPDCH channel C(64, 16)-I
• 1 HS-DPCCH channel C(256, 64)-Q
• 1 E-DPCCH channel C(256, 1)-I
• 2 E-DPDCH channels C(2, 1)-I, and C(2, 1)-Q
MS278XB OM
5-63
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
The color code for the different uplink channel types are listed in the following table.
Table 5-1.
Channel
Uplink Channel Type
Color
1
DPCCH
Red
2
DPDCH
Yellow
3
HS-DPCCH
Cyan
4
E-DPCCH
Magenta
5
E-DPDCH
Brown
Figure 5-41. Code Domain Power
If the summary option is enabled, the channel name, the code domain power values (both absolute and
relative), and the code domain error values of the active code channels are displayed at the bottom of the
CDP graph.
5-64
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
To get a clearer picture of the content in the display, select the CDP with Zoom graph type. A zoom of
16 code channels will be shown depending on the position of the dotted frame at the top graph. The step
size of the zooming frame is set in the Demodulation Config (2) Tab in the WCDMA Setup Dialog.
Figure 5-42 shows a graph of Code Domain Power with Zoom.
Figure 5-42. Code Domain Power with Zoom
In the I-channels, the first 16 code channels are magnified in the middle. The E-DPCCH C(256,1)-I in
magenta can be seen to have a significant CDP value. Similarly, the HS-DPCCH C(256, 64)-Q in cyan
can be seen to have a significant CDP value.
MS278XB OM
5-65
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
The Code Domain Error graph shows the code domain error for each channel instead of the code domain
power. Figure 5-43 and Figure 5-44 show the Code Domain Error and Code Domain Error with Zoom for
the same signal shown earlier in Figure 5-41 and Figure 5-42.
Figure 5-43. Code Domain Error
5-66
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
Figure 5-44. Code Domain Error with Zoom
MS278XB OM
5-67
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
WCDMA Uplink Code Domain Single Channel
The Code Domain Single Channel measurement for Uplink shows the CDP for each code channel. There
are two graph type options for this measurement:
• Summary
• Code Power vs. Slot Overview
In both graphs, the CDP values are shown at the bottom of the display. The Summary, Code Domain
Power, and the Code Channel is selected in the WCDMA Graph Type dialog as shown in Figure 5-45. To
enter a code channel, first enter the channel identifier (ICh or QCh), then change the code number and
the SF value. Then press either Summary or Code Power vs. Slot Overview.
Figure 5-45. Code Domain Single Channel Setup Screen
5-68
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Modulation Measurements
The summary graph is shown in Figure 5-46. The top half of the display shows the detected data for each
slot of the code channel. When the I-button is clicked, the detected data for the programmed I-channel is
displayed. When the Q-button is pressed, the detected data for the programmed Q-channel is displayed.
Figure 5-46. Code Domain Single Channel with Summary
MS278XB OM
5-69
Modulation Measurements
Measurements
The Code Power vs. Slot Overview graph is shown in Figure 5-47. The top half of the display shows the
code power at each slot for the code channel. The yellow plot is the I-channel code and the green plot is
the Q-channel code.
Figure 5-47. Code Domain Single Channel—Code Power vs. Slot Overview
The measurement of the selected code channel is displayed in both the Summary and Code Power vs.
Slot Overview graph types. The measurements include CDP, CDE, and the waveform quality factor
(Rho). The measurement results are shown for the I- or Q-channel as programmed in the Code Domain
Single Channel Setup dialog.
5-70
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
5-6 Operation Verification
This section provides procedures that you can use to verify the signal analyzer is operating properly and meets
some of its specifications. You may perform the following verifications:
• Reference Oscillator Aging Rate (Optional)
• Frequency Readout Accuracy
• Frequency Span Accuracy
• Swept Resolution Bandwidth
• Single Sideband Phase Noise
• Average Noise Level
• Frequency Response
• Reference Level Switching Uncertainty
• Resolution Bandwidth (RBW) Switching Uncertainty
• Residual Spurious Response
• Input-related Spurious Response
Refer to the Required Equipment list before beginning these verification procedures.
Note: Specifications listed in this section are for reference only and should be verified with the Signature
Datasheet, part number: 11410-00396. The most current revision can be downloaded from the Documents
area of the Anritsu Internet site: http://www.us.anritsu.com
Required Equipment
Table 5-2 lists the equipment used throughout the verification procedures.
Table 5-2.
Required Equipment
Instrument
Critical Specification
Recommended Manufacturer/Model
Frequency Standard
Frequency: 10 MHz
Accuracy: 5 × 10–12 parts/day
Symmetricom Model 9390-9600
Synthesized Signal
Generator
Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 8 GHz
Ultra Low Phase Noise
Anritsu Model MG3691B with
Options 2A, 3, 4, 16
Synthesized Signal
Generator
Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 6 GHz
Spurious Performance <–85 dBc
HP 8665B
Adapter
N(m) to K(f)
Anritsu Model 34NKF50
Adapter
Ruggedized K(m) to N(f)
Anritsu Model 34RKNF50
Attenuator
K(m) to K(f)
Frequency Range: DC to 8 GHz
Attenuation: 3 dB
Anritsu Model 43KB-3
Attenuator
N(m) to N(f)
Frequency Range: DC to 8 GHz
Attenuation: 3 dB
Weinschel Model 1-3
Attenuator
N(m) to N(f)
Frequency Range: DC to 8 GHz
Attenuation: 10 dB
Weinschel Model 4410
Cable
N(m) to N(m)
Frequency Range: DC to 8 GHz
Impedance: 50 Ω
Any
MS278XB OM
5-71
Operation Verification
Table 5-2.
Measurements
Required Equipment
Instrument
Critical Specification
Recommended Manufacturer/Model
Cable
N(m) to N(f)
Frequency: 50 MHz
Impedance: 50 Ω
Anritsu Model 15NNF50-1.5C
Cable
K(m) to K(m)
Frequency Range: DC to 8 GHz
Impedance: 50 Ω
Any
Cable
BNC(m) to BNC(m)
Frequency: 10 MHz
Impedance: 50 Ω
Any
Phase Matched
Adapter
N(m) to N(m)
Maury Model 8828B
Phase Matched
Adapter
N(m) to N(f)
Maury Model 8828C
Weinschel Model 1870A
Power Splitter
Power Meter
Dual Channel
Anritsu Model ML2438A
Power Sensor
Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 8 GHz
High Accuracy Diode Sensor
(two units required)
Anritsu Model MA2442B
Programmable
Attenuator
Attenuation: 0 to 90 dB
(capable of both 1 dB and 10 dB increments)
Frequency Range: DC to 2 GHz
Impedance: 50 Ω
Anritsu Model MN63A
Termination
Frequency Range: DC to 8 GHz
Return Loss: 40 dB
Anritsu Model 28N50-2
5-72
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Reference Oscillator Aging Rate (Optional)
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B 10 MHz Reference Oscillator is within its aging
specification. The instrument derives its frequency accuracy from an internal 10 MHz crystal oscillator
standard. An inherent characteristic of crystal oscillators is the effect of crystal aging within the first few days
to weeks of operation. Typically, the frequency of the crystal oscillator increases slightly at first, then settles to
a relatively constant value for the rest of its life.
Note: Do not confuse crystal aging with other short term frequency instabilities, for example, noise and
temperature. The internal time base of the instrument may not achieve its specified aging rate before the
specified warm-up time of 7 to 30 days has elapsed; therefore, this performance test is optional.
For the greatest absolute frequency accuracy, allow the MS2781B to warm up until its output frequency has
stabilized (usually 7 to 30 days). Once stabilized, the change in reference oscillator frequency should remain
within the aging rate if (1) the reference oscillator oven is not allowed to cool, (2) the instrument orientation
with respect to the earth's magnetic field is maintained, (3) the instrument does not sustain any mechanical
shock, and (4) ambient temperature is held constant. This test should be performed upon receipt of the
instrument and again after a period of several days to weeks to fully qualify the aging rate.
Test Setup
Connect the MS278XB rear panel 10 MHz Reference Out to the Symmetricom model 9390-9600
frequency standard rear panel BNC connector labeled J10. The frequency standard must be actively
tracking at least three satellites, and the oscillator should be stabilized/locked (the front panel
TRACKING and LOCKED LEDs should be illuminated).
Figure 5-48. Equipment Setup for Internal Reference Oscillator Aging Rate Tests
MS278XB OM
5-73
Operation Verification
Measurements
Test Procedure
1. On the MS278XB, set the 10 MHz Reference to Internal Reference.
2. On the frequency standard, cycle the menu screen to the sixth screen (External Frequency
Measurement), and then press the keyboard switch numbered “1” followed by the number
10000000.
3. Press keyboard switch numbered “2” to enable the external frequency measurement option.
4. Ensure that the external frequency measurement option is enabled and that the unit is locked by
observing an “*” in row one, column 35 of the display. If “NOTLK” appears, then the frequency
standard is not locked and testing must be halted. If the “*” does not appear, then the unit is not
connected properly.
5. Ensure that the measurement count has started to increment. This is displayed in row one,
columns 20 through 29 of the display.
6. Record the date and time of starting the test, and the frequency offset displayed on the frequency
standard in the test record as F1.
7. After 24 hours, press keyboard switch number “3” to disable the measurement. Note that the “*”
will disappear.
8. Record the date and time of stopping the testing, and the frequency offset displayed on the
frequency standard in the test record as F2.
9. Calculate the aging rate as the difference between F1 and F2.
10. Record the computed result in the test record. To meet the specification, the computed aging rate
must be ≤ 5 X 10–10 per day.
Table 5-3.
Reference Oscillator Aging Rate
Starting Date and Time:
Starting Frequency (F1):
Ending Date and Time:
Ending Frequency (F2):
Aging Rate (F1 - F2):
5-74
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Frequency Readout Accuracy
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B is within its Frequency Readout Accuracy
specifications.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-49. Equipment Setup for Frequency Readout Accuracy Test
Test Procedure
1. Set up the instruments as shown in Figure 5-49.
2. Turn on both the MS2781B Signal Analyzer and the MG369XB Signal Generator and allow them to
warm up for one hour.
3. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to factory default state.
4. Set the MS2781B to use External Reference signal.
5. Set the output level of the MG369XB to 6 dBm.
6. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Reference Level: 0 dBm
b. Attenuation: 10 dB
c. VBW: Auto
d. Sweep Time Coupling: Accy
7. Set the output frequency of the MG369XB and the center frequency of MS2781B to the first freq
listed in Table 5-4.
8. Set the MS2781B to the first corresponding RBW and Span Frequency per Table 5-4.
MS278XB OM
5-75
Operation Verification
Measurements
9. Turn on Marker and perform Marker Peak search. Read the marker frequency and verify that the
value is within specifications using the formula below:
± ((marker freq x reference accuracy) + span accuracy +
(0.05 x RBW) + (0.5 x last digit))
For technical specifications, refer to the Signature Technical Data Sheet, part number: 1141000396, located in Appendix A of the Signature operation manual.
10. Repeat steps 8 through 9 for other RBW/Span combinations listed in Table 5-4.
11. Repeat steps 7 through 10 for 7900 MHz.
Table 5-4.
FREQ
(MHz)
RBW
(Hz)
Span
(Hz)
100
100
100
100
1000
100
10,000
1000
1,000
1000
10,000
1000
100,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
100,000
10,000
1,000,000
100
100
100
1,000
100
10,000
1000
1000
1000
10,000
1000
100,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
100,000
10,000
1,000,000
7900
5-76
Frequency Readout Accuracy Test
Specification
(Hz)
Marker Readout
Frequency
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Frequency Span Accuracy
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B is within its Frequency Span Accuracy
specifications.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-50. Equipment Setup for Frequency Span Accuracy Test
Test Procedure
1. Set up the instruments as shown in Figure 5-50.
2. Turn on both the MS2781B Signal Analyzer and the MG369XB Signal Generator and allow them to
warm up for one hour.
3. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to the factory default state.
4. Set the MS2781B to use External Reference signal.
5. Set the output level of the MG369XB to 6 dBm.
6. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Reference Level: 0 dBm
b. Attenuation: 10 dB
c. VBW: Auto
d. Seep Time Coupling: Accy
e. Center Frequency: 4000 MHz
7. Set Span Frequency and RBW on the MS2781B to the values listed in the next row of Table 5-5.
8. Set the output frequency of the MG369XB to the corresponding F1 value per Table 5-5.
9. Turn on Marker and perform a Marker Peak Search. Record the marker readout value as F1’.
10. Set the output frequency of the MG369XB to the corresponding F2 value per Table 5-5.
11. Perform Marker Peak Search. Record the marker readout value as F2’.
MS278XB OM
5-77
Operation Verification
Measurements
12. Use the formula below to verify whether the measured result is within specifications:
13. Repeat steps 7 through 12 for the other combinations of Span and RBW settings listed in Table 5-5.
Table 5-5.
Frequency Span Accuracy Test
Span
(Hz)
RBW
(Hz)
F1
(MHz)
F2
(MHz)
10k
100
3999.996
4000.004
100k
1k
3999.96
4000.04
100k
10k
3999.96
4000.04
1M
50k
3999.6
4000.4
10M
100k
3996
4004
33M
100k
3986.8
4013.2
34M
100k
3986.4
4013.6
81M
100k
3967.6
4032.4
500M
20k
3800
4200
500M
1M
3800
4200
1000M
20k
3600
4400
1000M
1M
3600
4400
2000M
50k
3200
4800
2000M
1M
3200
4800
4000M
100k
2400
5600
4000M
1M
2400
5600
8000M
100k
800
7200
8000M
1M
800
7200
5-78
F1’
F2’
Specification
(Hz)
Span Error
(F2’ – F1’)/0.8
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Swept Resolution Bandwidth
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B is within its Swept Resolution Bandwidth Accuracy
specifications.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-51. Equipment Setup for Swept Resolution Bandwidth Test
Test Procedure
1. Set up the instruments as shown in Figure 5-51.
2. Turn on both the MS2781B Signal Analyzer and the MG369XB Signal Generator and allow them to
warm up for one hour.
3. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to factory default state.
4. Set the MS2781B to use External Reference signal.
5. Set the output level of the MG369XB to 6 dBm.
6. Set the output frequency of the MG369XB to 100 MHz CW.
7. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Reference Level: 0 dBm
b. Attenuation: Auto
c. VBW: Auto
d. Center Frequency: 100 MHz
8. Set the Span Frequency and the RBW on the MS2781B to the values listed in the first row of
Table 5-6.
9. On the MS2781B, set Peak to CF.
10. Set the MS2781B to measure 3 dB OBW.
11. Verify that the measured OBW is within specifications listed in Table 5-6.
MS278XB OM
5-79
Operation Verification
Measurements
12. Repeat steps 9 through 12 for the other combinations of RBW and Span settings.
Table 5-6.
Swept Resolution Bandwidth Test
Specification
5-80
Frequency
RBW
Span
Minimum
Maximum
100 MHz
10 Hz
30 Hz
9.8 Hz
10.2 Hz
20 Hz
50 Hz
19.6 Hz
20.4 Hz
30 Hz
100 Hz
29.4 Hz
30.6 Hz
50 Hz
200 Hz
49 Hz
51 Hz
100 Hz
300 Hz
98 Hz
102 Hz
200 Hz
500 Hz
196 Hz
204 Hz
300 Hz
1 kHz
294 Hz
306 Hz
500 Hz
2 kHz
498 Hz
510 Hz
1 kHz
3 kHz
980 Hz
1.02 kHz
2 kHz
5 kHz
1.96 kHz
2.04 kHz
3 kHz
10 kHz
2.94 kHz
3.06 kHz
5 kHz
20 kHz
4.9 kHz
5.1 kHz
10 kHz
30 kHz
9.8 kHz
10.2 kHz
20 kHz
50 kHz
19.6 kHz
20.4 kHz
30 kHz
100 kHz
29.4 kHz
30.6 kHz
50 kHz
200 kHz
49 kHz
51 kHz
100 kHz
300 kHz
98 kHz
102 kHz
200 kHz
500 kHz
196 kHz
204 kHz
300 kHz
1 MHz
294 kHz
306 kHz
500 kHz
2 MHz
490 kHz
510 kHz
1 MHz
3 MHz
980 kHz
1.02 MHz
2 MHz
5 MHz
1.96 MHz
2.04 MHz
3 MHz
10 MHz
2.7 MHz
3.3 MHz
5 MHz
20 MHz
4.5 MHz
5.5 MHz
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Single Sideband Phase Noise
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B is within its Single Sideband Phase Noise
specifications. A signal source with phase noise performance of at least 10 dB lower than the MS2781B is
required for this procedure.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-52. Equipment Setup for Single Sideband Phase Noise Test
Test Procedure
1. Set up the instrument as shown in Figure 5-52.
2. Turn on both the MS2781B Signal Analyzer and the low noise signal generator, and allow them to
warm up for one hour.
3. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to factory default state.
4. Set the MS2781B to use External Reference signal.
5. Set the output level of the low noise signal generator to 0 dBm.
6. Set the output frequency of the low noise signal generator to 1 GHz CW.
7. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Center Frequency: 1 GHz
b. Reference Level: 0 dBm
c. VBW: Auto
d. Sweep Time: Auto
e. Attenuation: 10 dB
f. Trace Mode: Average
g. Averaging Size: 200
h. Detector: RMS
8. Connect the output of the low noise signal generator to the input of the MS2781B with a coaxial
cable and an adapter.
9. Set Span to 250 Hz and RBW to 10 Hz.
MS278XB OM
5-81
Operation Verification
Measurements
10. On the MS2781B, set Peak to CF and then set Peak to Reference Level.
11. Set the MS2781B to Single Sweep mode, press the Sweep button, and then wait for the 200 sweeps
to complete.
12. Turn on Marker 1 and Marker 2. Make Marker 2 as delta marker referenced to Marker 1.
13. Move Marker 2 to the first offset frequency from the carrier frequency. Record the marker reading
in the measured dBc column.
14. Calculate the normalized phase noise using the formula in the Calculated Phase Noise column.
Verify that the calculated value is within specification.
15. On the MS2781B, set Span and RBW to the next set of values in Table 5-7.
16. Press the Sweep button to initiate a sweep.
17. Move Marker 2 to the next offset frequency. Record the delta marker reading in the Measured
Carrier to Noise Ratio column.
18. Calculate the phase noise and verify that the value is within specification.
19. Repeat steps 15 through 18 for the rest of the offset frequencies listed in Table 5-7.
Table 5-7.
Single Sideband Phase Noise Test
Measured Carrier
to Noise Ratio
C/N (dBc)
Calculated Phase Noise
(dBc/Hz)
Offset
Span
RBW
100 Hz
250 Hz
10 Hz
C/N–10 dB=
1 kHz
2.5 kHz
100 Hz
C/N–20 dB=
10 kHz
25 kHz
1 kHz
C/N–30 dB=
100 kHz
250 kHz
10 kHz
C/N–40 dB=
Specification
(dBc/Hz)
< –90
< –109
< –116
< –116
20. Turn off Marker 2.
21. Record the Marker 1 power as the Measured Carrier Power in Table 5-8.
(Use this to compute the Measured Carrier to Noise Ratio in Step 24.)
22. For frequency offsets ≥1 MHz, set the MS2781B as follows:
a. Frequency Span: 1 kHz
b. Reference Level: –25 dBm
c. RBW: 10 kHz
d. VBW: Auto
e. Sweep Time: 120 Seconds
f. Attenuation: 0 dB
g. Trace Mode: Clear-Write
h. Detector: RMS
i. Optimize Phase Noise: Manual
j. Optimize Phase Noise Offset: >85 kHz
23. Set the Center Frequency as indicated in Table 5-8 and initiate a sweep.
24. After the sweep passes Marker 1, record the difference between the marker value and the
Measured Carrier Power as the Measured Carrier to Noise Ratio in Table 5-8.
25. Repeat Step 23 and Step 24 for the rest of the Center Frequencies listed in Table 5-8.
5-82
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
26. Compute the Calculated Phase Noise for each value in Table 5-8.
Table 5-8.
Single Sideband Phase Noise Test
Measured Carrier Power:
Center
Frequency
Offset
Measured
Measured Carrier to
Noise Ratio C/N (dBc)
Calculated Phase Noise
(dBc/Hz)
1.001 GHz
1 MHz
C/N–40 dB=
1.005 GHz
5 MHz
C/N–40 dB=
1.010 GHz
10 MHz
C/N–40 dB=
Specification
(dBc/Hz)
< –139
< –142
< –142
27. Return Optimize Phase Noise to the Auto setting.
MS278XB OM
5-83
Operation Verification
Measurements
Average Noise Level
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B is within its average noise level specifications.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-53. Equipment Setup for Average Noise Level Test
Test Procedure
1. Turn on the MS2781B Signal Analyzer and allow the instrument to warm up for one hour.
2. Connect a 50 Ω termination to the RF Input connector.
3. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to factory default state.
4. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Center Frequency: 10 MHz
a. Frequency Span: 3 kHz
b. Sweep Mode: Single
c. Attenuation: 0 dB
d. Reference Level: –100 dBm
e. Trace Mode: Average
f. Averaging Size: 10
g. Detector: Average
h. Sweep Type: FFT
i. RBW: 0.1 Hz
5-84
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
5. Press the Sweep button from the Sweep menu and allow averaging to complete.
The display should look similar to that below:
Figure 5-54. Displaying the Average Noise Level
6. Record the average displayed noise level in Table 5-9 and verify that it meets the specification.
7. Set the Center Frequency of the MS2781B to the next Center Frequency listed in Table 5-9.
8. Press the Sweep button on the Sweep menu and allow averaging to complete.
9. Record the displayed noise level in Table 5-9 and verify that it meets the specification.
10. Repeat steps 7 through 9 for the rest of the center frequencies in Table 5-9.
MS278XB OM
5-85
Operation Verification
Table 5-9.
Average Noise Level Test
Center Frequency
Measured Result
Specifications
10 MHz
< –167 dBm
98 MHz
< –167 dBm
< –167 dBm
< –167 dBm
< –166 dBm
< –166 dBm
< –166 dBm
< –165 dBm
< –165 dBm
499 MHz
999 MHz
1499 MHz
2099 MHz
2499 MHz
2899 MHz
3499 MHz
3999 MHz
4499 MHz
5499 MHz
6099 MHz
6699 MHz
7099 MHz
7699 MHz
7999.999995 MHz
5-86
Measurements
< –165 dBm
< –165 dBm
< –165 dBm
< –163 dBm
< –163 dBm
< –163 dBm
< –163 dBm
< –163 dBm
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Frequency Response
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B is within its Frequency Response specifications.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-55. Equipment Setup for Frequency Response Test
Test Procedure
1. Turn on the MS2781B Signal Analyzer, Power Meter, and the MG369XB Signal Generator and
allow them to warm up for one hour.
2. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to factory default state.
3. Set the MS2781B to use External Reference signal.
4. Set the output frequency of the MG369XB to 50 MHz CW.
5. Set the output level of the MG369XB to +9 dBm.
6. Connect the attenuators to the power splitter as shown in Figure 5-55. Use a cable to link the
MG369XB RF output to the 3 dB attenuator. Connect a N-male to N-female Phase Matched
adapter to the 10 dB attenuator.
7. Zero and calibrate both power sensors.
8. Connect a power sensor (Input A) to the power splitter and a power sensor (Input B) to the female
end of the adapter.
MS278XB OM
5-87
Operation Verification
Measurements
9. Adjust the MG369XB RF output so that the power meter input B reading is –10 dBm. Record the
corresponding power meter input A reading in Table 5-10.
Note: Set the Cal Factor on the power meter to match the frequency being measured.
10. Repeat steps 7 and 8 for the other frequencies listed in Table 5-10.
11. Disconnect the Phase Matched N-male to N-female adapter from the 10 dB attenuator, and then
connect a N-male to N-male Phase Matched adapter between the 10 dB pad and the MS2781B RF
input.
12. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Center Frequency: 50 MHz
b. Span: 300 kHz
c. RBW:50 kHz
d. VBW: 500 Hz
e. Sweep Time: 100 ms
f. Attenuation: 10 dB
g. Reference Level: 0 dBm
13. Set the frequency on the MG369XB to 50 MHz, then set the output power level so that the sensor A
reading matches the corresponding value as recorded in column 2 of Table 5-10.
14. Set the Marker to Peak. Record the measured Marker value in Table 5-10.
15. Repeat steps 11 and 12. Record the measured results in Table 5-10. Verify that the measured
results are within specifications.
Table 5-10. Frequency Response Test
Frequency
5-88
Sensor A Power Reading for
–10 dBm Output at Adapter
MS2781B Marker Reading
Specifications
–10 dBm
50 MHz
±0.4 dB
500 MHz
±0.4 dB
1000 MHz
±0.4 dB
1500 MHz
±0.4 dB
2000 MHz
±0.4 dB
3000 MHz
±0.4 dB
4000 MHz
±0.4 dB
5000 MHz
±0.4 dB
6000 MHz
±0.4 dB
7000 MHz
±0.4 dB
7800 MHz
±0.4 dB
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Reference Level Switching Uncertainty
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B is within its Reference Level Switching Uncertainty
specifications.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-56. Equipment Setup for Reference Level Switching Uncertainty Test
Test Procedure
1. Set up instruments as shown in Figure 5-56.
2. Turn on both the MS2781B Signal Analyzer and the MG369XB Signal Generator and allow them to
warm up for one hour.
3. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to factory default state.
4. Set the output frequency of the MG369XB to 50 MHz CW and output power to –70 dBm.
5. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Center Frequency: 50 MHz
b. Span: 300 kHz
c. RBW: 50 kHz
d. VBW: 500 Hz
e. Sweep Time: 100 ms
f. Reference Level: –70 dBm
g. Attenuation: 10 dB
h. Trace Mode: Average
i. Averaging Size: 16
6. Turn on Marker 1 on the MS2781B and set Marker to Peak.
7. Record the amplitude readout value to the MS2781B Marker Reading column of Table 5-11.
8. Set the Reference Level to –60 dBm.
9. Record the new marker value in the MS2781B Marker Reading column of Table 5-11.
MS278XB OM
5-89
Operation Verification
Measurements
10. Subtract the new reading from the marker reading at –70 dBm Reference Level setting.
11. Verify that the deviation is within specifications.
12. Repeat steps 8 to 12 for other Reference Level settings listed in Table 5-11.
Table 5-11. Reference Level Switching Uncertainty Test
MS2781B
Reference Level Setting
–70 dBm
5-90
MS2781B
Marker Reading
Deviation from
–70 dBm Reference Level
(dB)
Specifications
0
N/A
–60 dBm
0.1 dB
–50 dBm
0.1 dB
–40 dBm
0.1 dB
–30 dBm
0.1 dB
–20 dBm
0.1 dB
–10 dBm
0.1 dB
0 dBm
0.1 dB
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Resolution Bandwidth (RBW) Switching Uncertainty
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B is within its RBW Switching uncertainty
specifications.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-57. Equipment Setup for Resolution Bandwidth Switching Uncertainty Test
Test Procedure
1. Set up the instruments as shown in Figure 5-57. Turn on both the MS2781B Signal Analyzer and
the MG369XB Signal Generator and allow them to warm up for one hour.
2. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to factory default state.
3. Set the output level of the MG369XB to 0 dBm.
4. Set the output frequency of the MG369XB to 100 MHz CW.
5. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Center Frequency: 100 MHz
b. Reference Level: 0 dBm
c. Attenuation: Auto
d. VBW: Auto
e. Sweep Time: Auto
f. Sweep Time Coupling: Accy
6. Set the RBW to 30 kHz and the frequency Span to 10 kHz on the MS2781B.
7. Set the MS2781B to Single Sweep mode and press the Sweep button on the Sweep menu.
8. Turn on Marker 1 and set Marker to Peak.
9. Record the marker level readout value on the display in Table 5-12.
10. Set the RBW and frequency span on the MS2781B to the first settings in Table 5-12.
11. Press the Sweep button on the Sweep menu on the MS2781B.
12. Set the Marker to Peak.
MS278XB OM
5-91
Operation Verification
Measurements
13. Record the new marker level readout value on the display to the corresponding cell in Table 5-12.
14. Calculate the amplitude deviation by subtracting the new marker value from the 30 kHz RBW
marker reading.
15. Verify that the amplitude deviation is < 0.1 dB.
16. Repeat steps 11 through 16 for the rest of RBW and SPAN combinations in Table 5-12.
Table 5-12. Resolution Bandwidth Switch Uncertainty Test
5-92
MS2781B Marker
Reading
Amplitude Deviation
from 30 kHz RBW (dB)
RBW
SPAN
Specifications
10 Hz
10 kHz
0.15 dB
100 Hz
1 kHz
0.15 dB
300 Hz
5 kHz
0.15 dB
3 kHz
30 kHz
0.15 dB
10 kHz
100 kHz
0.15 dB
30 kHz
500 kHz
0.15 dB
100 kHz
1 MHz
0.15 dB
300 kHz
5 MHz
0.15 dB
1 MHz
10 MHz
0.15 dB
3 MHz
50 MHz
0.15 dB
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Residual Spurious Response
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B meets Residual Spurious Response specifications.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-58. Equipment Setup for Residual Spurious Responses Test
Test Procedure
1. Turn on both the MS2781B Signal Analyzer and warm up for one hour.
2. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to factory default state.
3. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Frequency Span: 1 MHz
b. Sweep Type: Swept
c. RBW: 5 kHz
d. VBW: 200 Hz
e. Attenuation: 0 dB
f. Reference Level: –60 dBm
g. Trace Detector: Maximum
4. Set the MS2781B center frequency to the values listed in Table 5-13 and record the maximum
displayed trace level in the table for each frequency.
MS278XB OM
5-93
Operation Verification
Measurements
Table 5-13. Residual Spurious Response Test
Center Frequency
(MHz)
5-94
Measured Residual
(dBm)
Specifications
(dBm)
10
–95
100
–95
300
–95
600
–95
900
–95
1000
–95
2000
–95
3000
–95
4000
–95
5000
–95
6000
–95
7000
–95
8000
–95
MS278XB OM
Measurements
Operation Verification
Input-related Spurious Response
The following test can be used to verify that the MS2781B meets the Input-related Spurious Response
specifications.
Test Setup
Connect the equipment as shown in the figure below:
Figure 5-59. Equipment Setup for Input-related Spurious Response Test
Test Procedure
1. Turn on both the MS2781B Signal Analyzer and the HP 8665B Signal Generator and allow them to
warm up for one hour.
2. Press the Preset key on the MS2781B to reset the instrument to factory default state.
3. Ensure that the MS2781B is set to use an External Reference.
4. Set up the MS2781B as follows:
a. Frequency Span: 610 kHz
b. RBW: 100 Hz
c. VBW: Auto
d. Reference Level: –10 dBm
e. Attenuation: 0 dB
f. Detector Mode: Maximum
g. Active Marker 1: On
5. Set the frequency of the 8665B to the first source frequency setting listed in Table 5-14.
6. Set the Center Frequency of the MS2781B to the corresponding center frequency setting listed in
Table 5-14.
7. Adjust the output power of the 8665B so that the MS2781B marker to peak reads close to –10 dBm.
8. Record the maximum Spurious amplitudes in Table 5-14 in the appropriate column.
9. Change the Frequency Span to 3 MHz and repeat steps 5 through 8.
MS278XB OM
5-95
Operation Verification
Measurements
10. Record the maximum Spurious amplitudes in the appropriate column of Table 5-14 based on the
frequency offset from the carrier frequency.
Note: Any spurs found should be verified not to originate from the signal source.
Table 5-14. Input-related Spurious Responses Test
Spur Amplitude
f<300 kHz from
Carrier
Center
Frequency
(MHz)
Source
Frequency
(MHz)
10
10
–73
–80
12.5
12.5
–73
–80
16
16
–73
–80
21.5
21.5
–73
–80
32
32
–73
–80
142.5
142.5
–73
–80
500
500
–73
–80
650
650
–73
–80
820
820
–73
–80
950
950
–73
–80
999
999
–73
–80
1020
1020
–73
–80
2640
2640
–73
–80
3000
3000
–73
–80
3500
3500
–73
–80
4000
4000
–73
–80
4500
4500
–73
–80
5000
5000
–73
–80
5500
5500
–73
–80
6000
6000
–73
–80
5-96
Specification
(dBc)
Spur Amplitude
f≥300 kHz from
Carrier
Specification
(dBc)
MS278XB OM
Chapter 6 — Software Peripherals
6-1 Introduction
This chapter describes a few of the software peripherals that may be used in conjunction with Signature to
enhance data analysis and presentation. These peripherals are centered around the advanced features of
MathWorks MATLAB and the popular Microsoft Office tools. Here, we will briefly describe the uses of, and
demonstrate how to export the measurement data that Signature acquires into the following powerful
applications:
• MathWorks MATLAB
• Microsoft Paint
• Microsoft Word
• Microsoft Excel
• Microsoft Access
• Microsoft PowerPoint
6-2 Signature–MathWorks Connectivity (Option 40 only)
This section describes the general connection and use of the capabilities of Anritsu’s MS2781B Signal Analyzer
(Signature) and The MathWorks MATLAB software products provided with Option 40. Anritsu has published
an application note, Custom Measurements and Analysis using MATLAB® on Signature™, which offers an indepth discussion on using Signature and MATLAB for advanced measurement analysis.
Signature MathWorks Connectivity Description
Signature can output setup data, active trace data of any measurement, and I/Q vectors to MathWork’s
MATLAB to enable you to do your own measurements and data analysis.
To control the interaction between Signature and MATLAB, in the Signature GUI, you can choose a MATLAB
script to run, control the synchronization between the two environments, and hold all of the instrument
settings so they do not change during a MATLAB processing session.
Integrated MathWorks Computational Components
The MathWorks computational components and MathWorks application software, along with the Signature
System Software, define a complete system. The Signature system interfaces with the MathWorks application
tools to provide measurement and parameter data. Given that the computational components are user
definable, it follows that there is a pre-defined protocol used to exchange data between the Signature System
Software and the MathWorks application environments.
Integrated MathWorks Computational Components–Flow of Events
The flow of events begins with the a Signature based measurement followed by the integration of a
MathWorks based computational component.
Once the measurement is created, select a MathWorks based computational component to integrate, and
then select the target data sets for computation. Finally, select the desired graphical measurement
results.
1. Selecting the Computational Component:
In this step, you are presented with a list of computational components installed in the system.
Each computational component provides a name, brief description, file name, along with a visual
cue relating to its computational environment.
MS278XB OM
6-1
Signature–MathWorks Connectivity (Option 40 only)
Software Peripherals
2. Selecting the Target Parameters for Computation:
To facilitate usage of external computational tools, Signature provides a list of measurement
related parameters as well as acquisition data. For Spectrum type measurements, you may choose
from the following parameters to export into the MATLAB environment:
• Center Frequency
• Span Frequency
• Resolution Bandwidth
• Video Bandwidth
• Reference Level
• Attenuation
• Sweep Time and Time Span
For Vector Signal Analysis measurements, you may choose from the following parameters to
export to the MATLAB environment:
• Center Frequency
• Sampling Frequency
3. Selecting the Target Data-sets for Computation:
In addition to target parameters, there are system generated data from the hardware receiver.
The system generated data appears in the system as a series of floating point arrays, or traces.
You may choose to export one or more of these traces into the MATLAB environment; therefore,
the system presents you with a list of data sources to output.
For Spectrum type measurements, you may choose to export up to five traces (each of which can be
configured differently based on the various trace states and detection options).
For the Vector Signal Analysis measurements, the system exports only Trace 1, which represents
I/Q vs. Time.
PreConditions
The preconditions for operational interfacing of all of the above uses assume that the system is running
at steady state. It also assumes that no other applications or applets are being executed in the
foreground during these uses.
Connecting to MATLAB
To launch and start sending data to MATLAB, proceed as follows:
6-2
MS278XB OM
Software Peripherals
Signature–MathWorks Connectivity (Option 40 only)
1. Select MATLAB from the Tools drop-down menu or the toolbar icon. This brings up a dialog for
configuring what is sent to MATLAB as shown below:
Figure 6-1.
MATLAB Setup Dialog
2. Toggle the Connect to MATLAB button to On (setup information is always sent when you select Connect
to MATLAB and close the dialog).
3. If you want to send the IQ data to MATLAB rather than the trace data, select the advanced tab and
toggle IQ Data to On.
Note: When sending IQ Data to MATLAB, the MATLAB Setup dialog must be left open.
The active traces can come from a variety of measurements including spectrum (swept or FFT), zerospan, constellation, or vector diagram. For the I/Q vector output, you need to configure the sample rate,
record length, IF bandwidth, whether the input comes from the RF or I/Q (if available), and the
Wideband IF anti-aliasing filter.
Note: Other hardware settings will be done elsewhere. These settings include:
•
Center Frequency (Span=0)
•
Reference Level and Attenuation
•
Trigger Source, Level, and Position
•
Sweep (Single or Continuous)
4. After a few moments, you will see a MATLAB window. Click on the MATLAB window or use Alt-Tab to
make it the active window.
MS278XB OM
6-3
Signature–MathWorks Connectivity (Option 40 only)
Software Peripherals
MATLAB Control
Once the connection to MATLAB is established, a Desktop Window is launched as shown below:
Note: If you do not see the normal desktop, you can restore it by clicking on: Desktop | Desktop Layout | Default
Figure 6-2.
MATLAB Main Interface
The Main MATLAB Interface has three sub-windows:
• Workspace: This shows information about MATLAB variables. Note the tab selection to show either the
Workspace or the current directory.
• Command History: This shows the command history. You can double-click on a command to execute it
or single-click to copy and then paste in the command window for editing.
• Command Window: This is where you type commands. You can do math, plot graphs, or start
programs.
The Workspace contains variables/data from the Signature software. Signature can output a variety of data to
MATLAB to enable users to do their own measurements or analysis. These outputs include active traces, setup
information, and I/Q vectors.
To control the interaction between Signature and MATLAB in the Signature GUI, you can choose a MATLAB
script to run and control the synchronization between the two environments.
For in depth descriptions and procedures on how to use the advanced power that MATLAB brings to
Signature’s measurement analysis capabilities, refer to the Anritsu application note, “Custom Measurements
and Analysis using MATLAB® on Signature™,” PN: 11410-00353 found at the documents area of Anritsu
Internet site: http://www.us.anritsu.com
6-4
MS278XB OM
Software Peripherals
Signature–MathWorks Connectivity (Option 40 only)
Advanced MATLAB Functions
MATLAB provides advanced data analysis capabilities. The scope of these capabilities is limitless and beyond
the intent of this manual to describe; however, Signature ships with a number of example demonstration codes
to help get you up and running quickly with MATLAB.
These include several plotting routines that automatically update the plot as the Signature measurement trace
changes. One of these functions is called timerplot. This plot is shown side-by-side with an actual screen shot of
the same signal taken from the analyzer’s measurement screen.
Figure 6-3.
Signature Measurement Trace vs. MATLAB Timerplot
The timerplot function executes a continuously updated, data acquisition routine and creates a plot of the data
in real time within a MATLAB plot window.
You can also invoke measurement functions from the MATLAB command line. For example, another one of
the measurement functions that will come with Option 40 is channel power. To see the structure of the channel
power command, you can use the help function. This is available for all of the MATLAB functions, as well as all
of the Option 40 functions. To use this help feature, type: >> help command name
MATLAB also has a Windows-style help system, which you can get to by using F1 or the drop-down help menu.
Figure 6-4.
MATLAB Online Help System
MS278XB OM
6-5
Microsoft Applications
Software Peripherals
6-3 Microsoft Applications
Microsoft has many popular tools that are used for generating reports. Signature allows you to export data to a
variety of these tools, such as:
• Microsoft Paint
• Microsoft Word
• Microsoft Excel
• Microsoft Access
• Microsoft PowerPoint
Note: Microsoft Office applications are not supplied with the instrument and must be installed by the user.
Copying Graphical Screen Images
The easiest way to import graphical data into most of these tools is to use the features already built into the
Microsoft operating system, namely, the copy/paste feature. You can easily copy the current screen display to
the clipboard, then paste the image as a bitmap by doing the following:
Note: You may acquire a better image and reduce the use of black ink on hard copy printouts if the display is first
presented in Inverse Video. Access this feature from the View drop-down menu and select Inverse Video.
The following procedures only work with Microsoft compatible applications that let you paste images from
the clipboard, such as Paint. The same capabilities may be offered by third party software, but are not
demonstrated here.
Copying Screen Shots to Image Editors
1. With the analyzer displaying the image of interest, press and hold the Alt key on the keyboard,
then press the Print Screen key. This copies the screen display to the clipboard.
2. Open the application to which you wish to paste the image.
3. Press and hold the Ctrl key on the keyboard, then press the V key to paste the image.
Note: Microsoft Paint may ask you to resize the bitmap. Select Yes to this question.
4. You may now use the image editing tools provided by the application to make any desired edits,
such as cropping, resizing, and annotating the image.
Copying Screen Shots to Office Tools
1. With the analyzer displaying the image of interest, press and hold the Alt key on the keyboard,
then press the Print Screen key. This copies the screen display to the clipboard.
2. Open the application to which you wish to paste the image.
3. In Microsoft Word, place the cursor where you want to paste the image.
In Microsoft PowerPoint, navigate to the slide where you want to paste the image.
4. Press and hold the Ctrl key on the keyboard, then press the V key to paste the image.
5. Resize and position the image by dragging the image and by using the image handles.
6-6
MS278XB OM
Software Peripherals
Microsoft Applications
Exporting Trace Data
Signature allows you to export numerical trace data for further analysis and processing by applications such as
Excel and Access.You can easily export trace data by doing the following:
Note: You must first ensure that the trace you want to export is the active trace.
1. Press the File key on Signature’s front panel, then press the Export button.
2. When the Save As dialog box is displayed, navigate to the directory where you want to store the trace
data and enter a file name.
3. Press the Save button to save the trace data.
Importing the Trace Data to Excel
1. Open Excel and select File | Open.
Figure 6-5.
Opening a File in Excel
2. Navigate to the directory where you exported the trace data and select:
Files of type: Text Files (*.prn, *.txt, *.csv)
Figure 6-6.
Selecting the File Type in Excel
MS278XB OM
6-7
Microsoft Applications
Software Peripherals
3. The data is imported into Excel as shown below:
Figure 6-7.
Signature Data Imported Into Excel
Note: Frequency information must be calculated by using the center frequency and frequency span information,
along with the number of samples (501).
Importing the Trace Data to Access
1. Open Access and create a new database.
2. Select File | Get External Data | Import...
Figure 6-8.
6-8
Importing Data Into Access
MS278XB OM
Software Peripherals
Microsoft Applications
3. Navigate to the directory where you exported the trace data and select:
Files of type: Text Files (*.txt, *.csv, *.tab, *.asc).
Figure 6-9.
Selecting the File Type in Access
4. Follow the Import Text Wizard by choosing the Comma Delimited format and continuing to set the
remaining options to your preference.
Figure 6-10. Signature Data Imported Into Access
Note: Frequency information must be calculated by using the center frequency and frequency span information,
along with the number of samples (501).
MS278XB OM
6-9
Chapter 7 — Remote Operation
7-1 Introduction
Remote Operation is comprised of one of three methods:
• GPIB Control
• Web Services Control
• Remote Desktop
The primary functions of GPIB and Web Services are documented in the MS2781B programming manual (part
number: 10410-00274). Refer to Chapter 2 — for information about the GPIB Setup and LAN Setup. The
remainder of this chapter will focus on configuring and using the Remote Desktop client provided by Microsoft.
Other applications, such as PCAnywhere, can be used in similar fashion, but are not covered by this document.
Refer to that product’s documentation for details on its installation and use.
7-2 Remote Desktop
With the Remote Desktop feature in Windows XP Professional, you can remotely control the Anritsu Signature
Analyzer from another computer. This allows you to use the data, applications, and network resources that are
available to your analyzer, without being at the lab.
To use Remote Desktop, you need the following:
• Signature SPA/VSA with Windows XP Professional installed. This computer is known as the host.
• A remote computer running Windows 95 or above version of Windows. This computer is known as the
client and it must have the Remote Desktop Connection client software installed. Windows XP comes
with the Remote Desktop software, or it can be downloaded from Microsoft.
• A connection to the Internet or network to which the analyzer is connected.
Note: A broadband Internet connection improves performance, but it is not required because Remote Desktop
transfers only the minimal amount of data (such as display and keyboard data) to remotely control your
analyzer.
When the instrument is controlled remotely, the display is switched to the operating system’s login menu,
usually presenting two icons. One icon represents the remote user and the second icon represents the local
user. Logging in as either user will disconnect the remote Desktop.
Setting Up Your Analyzer
This procedure assumes that your analyzer is part of a corporate network in which Remote Desktop
connections are permitted. You may need to consult your system administrator for more detailed setup and
access permissions.
Enabling the Analyzer as the Host
Note: Signature is preset at the factory as the Host, so this step may not be necessary.
You must first enable the Remote Desktop feature on the analyzer so that you can control it remotely
from another computer. You must be logged on as an administrator or the Local User, which is part of
the Administrators group, to enable Remote Desktop.
1. Open the System folder in Control Panel by clicking:
Start | Control Panel | then double-click the System icon to open the System Properties dialog.
MS278XB OM
7-1
Remote Desktop
Remote Operation
2. On the Remote tab, select the “Allow users to connect remotely to this computer” check box, as
shown below:
Figure 7-1.
System Properties Dialog
3. Note the analyzer’s full computer name shown in the dialog box above for use when making the
remote connection.
Note: Signature is configured with one remote user at the factory. Additional remote users can be added by
selecting the “Add Remote Users...” button in the dialog above. Refer to your Microsoft documentation for
more information about adding remote users.
4. Leave the analyzer running and connected to the network.
Installing the Client Software
The Remote Desktop Connection client software allows a computer running Windows 95, Windows 98,
Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Me, Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 to control your Windows
XP Professional computer remotely. The client software is available from the Microsoft Web Site. The
client software is installed by default on computers running Windows XP Professional and Windows XP
Home Edition, and is available to install on computers from these disks.
1. Insert the Windows XP compact disc into your CD-ROM drive.
2. When the Welcome page appears, click Perform additional tasks, then click Setup Remote Desktop
Connection.
3. When the installation wizard starts, follow the directions that appear on your screen.
Note: The remote machine should have a Terminal Services client installed on it. If you have a Windows XP
machine, the remote monitoring capability is automatically installed with the operating system. For other
operating systems, please review your supplier’s documentation to see how to install and configure a
Terminal Services client on your machine.
7-2
MS278XB OM
Remote Operation
Remote Desktop
Starting a Remote Desktop Session
Once you have enabled your analyzer to allow remote connections and have installed the client software
on a Windows-based client computer, you are ready to start a remote desktop session. You must first
establish a virtual private network connection or remote access service connection from your client
computer to your office network, or host computer.
To start a new connection:
1. Open Remote Desktop Connection by clicking:
Start | Programs (or All Programs) | Accessories | Communications | Remote Desktop
Connection.
Figure 7-2.
Starting a Remote Desktop Connection
2. This opens the Remote Desktop Connection dialog shown below:
Figure 7-3.
Remote Desktop Connection Dialog
3. Type the computer name, noted in Step 3 of the previous procedure, for the Signature analyzer.
4. Click Connect.
The Log On to Windows dialog box appears.
5. Signature is shipped from the factory with the following user name and password:
User Name: SignatureUser
Password: 2780
MS278XB OM
7-3
Remote Desktop
Remote Operation
Unless this was changed, you should be able to login using this user name and password.
6. After a successful login, you will see the desktop of Signature and you can remotely perform all of
the tasks on the analyzer that you could normally perform locally.
Note: While Signature is being remotely controlled, the local screen will blank out and local controls will cease to
be effective. Local control can be taken back by logging back into the machine with the password: 2780
(unless you have changed the password setting).
Advanced Connection Options
Connection settings such as screen size, automatic logon information, and performance options can be
configured before you start your remote Connection. You can expand the Remote Desktop Connection
dialog by clicking on the Options >> button.
Figure 7-4.
Advanced Remote Desktop Connection Dialog
Connection setting may also be saved and recalled by using the Save As and Open buttons.
Note: A Remote Desktop file (.rdp) file contains all of the information for a connection to a remote computer,
including the Options settings that were configured when the file was saved. You can customize any
number of .rdp files, including files for connecting to the same computer with different settings. For
example, you can save a file that connects to MyComputer in full screen mode and another file that
connects to the same computer in 800x600 screen size. By default, .rdp files are saved in the My
Documents | Remote Desktops folder. To edit an .rdp file and change the connections settings it contains,
right-click the file, then click Edit.
Logging Off and Ending a Remote Desktop Session
In the Remote Desktop Connection window, click Start, and then click Disconnect.
7-4
MS278XB OM
Appendix A — Specifications
Environmental Specifications
The MS278XB environmental specifications are listed below:
Table A-1. MS278XB Environmental Specifications
Storage Temperature Range: –40 to +75 degrees Celsius
Operating Temperature Range: 0 to +50 degrees Celsius (per MIL-PRF-28800F)
Relative Humidity (operational): 5% to 95% (per MIL-PRF-28800F)
Altitude (operational): 4,600 meters, 43.9 cm Hg
Vibration: Sinusoidal 5 Hz to 55 Hz on 3 axes (operational)
Random 10 Hz to 500 Hz on 3 axes (non-operational)
Shock (non-operational): 30g for 11 msec on 3 axes
Bench Drop (operational): 4 inches on 4 surfaces and 4 edges
Shipment Protection (non-operational): 6 surfaces and 4 corners from 36 inches high to concrete floor
EMI Compatibility
The MS278XB meets the following EMI (emissions and immunity) requirements:
EN61326:1998
EN55011:1998/CISPR-11: 1997 Group 1 Class A
EN61000-3-2:1995 +A14
EN61000-3-3:1995
EN 61000-4-2:1995—4kV CD, 8kV AD
EN 61000-4-3:1997—3V/m
EN 61000-4-4:1995—0.5kV SL, 1kV PL
EN 61000-4-5:1995—0.5kV DM, 1kV CM
EN 61000-4-6:1996—3V
EN 61000-4-11:1994—100%/1 cycle
Safety
The MS278XB meets the following safety requirements:
Low Voltage/Safety Standard: 72/73/EEC—EN61010-1: 2001
MS278XB OM
A-1
Symbols
Subject Index
Symbols
% Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
/Hz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
/Hz, in ACP Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
/Hz, in Multicarrier Channel Power Setup . . . .
4-36
4-37
4-39
4-42
Numerics
128QAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16QAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
256QAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32QAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3Pi8PSK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64QAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8PSK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-46
4-46
4-46
4-46
4-46
4-46
4-46
A
About Anritsu Signature Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
About this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
AC Power Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-39
Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
ACP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
ACP Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Active Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14, 4-15, 4-16, 4-17
Adj Channel BW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Adj Channel Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Adjacent Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Adjacent Channel Power Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Air Exhaust Grill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-39
Alpha-Numeric Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Alt1 Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Alt1 Channel BW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Alt1 Channel Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Alt2 Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Alt2 Channel BW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Alt2 Channel Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Amplitude
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Amplitude Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7, 4-8
Amplitude Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Anritsu
Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Anti-alias Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Applying Spectrum Mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
Attenuation
Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Auto Coupling Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Auto Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Average . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Average Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
MS278XB OM
Averaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
Averaging, Restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
B
Bandwidth
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-10
Setting Coupling Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-11
Bandwidth Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-11
Bandwidth Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
Bandwidth, in ACP Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-39
Bandwidth, in Channel Power Setup . . . . . . . . .4-37
Bandwidth, in Multicarrier Channel Power Setup 442
BNC Connector Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-44
BPSK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
Buttons, Toggle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-23
C
Cal Align . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-34
Calibrate
Touch Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
Calibration
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-35
State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-37
Calibration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
Capture Time, in MATLAB Setup . . . . . . . . . . .4-58
Capture Time, Modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
CCDF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-43
RBW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-43
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-43
Target Number of Samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-43
CD-RW Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-10
Center Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
Center Frequency, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
CF Step Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
Channel Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37
Channel BW, in ACP Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-38
Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37
Symbol Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37
Channel Power Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37
Chips, for Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14, 4-15
Clear-Write . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
Client Software, for Remote Desktop . . . . . . . . . .7-2
Code@SF, for Markers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-17
Command History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-4
Command Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-4
Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
Index-1
D
Connector Pinout
BNC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-44
Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-46
GPIB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-43
Parallel Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-44
PS2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-45
USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-46
XGA Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-45
Connectors
Probe Power Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
RF Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Source Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Tracking Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Constellation Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Creating Spectrum Mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
CSV File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Cursor Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Customize Toolbar Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-56
D
Data
Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6, 3-28
Exporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Data, Entering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Defining Spectrum Mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-45
Delay, Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Deleting Spectrum Mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
Desktop
Showing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Desktop, View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Dialogs
Customize Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-56
List of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
MATLAB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-57
Measurement Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Diff I/Q Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Differential Data Encoding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Display
Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Display Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Display Lines Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Display Options Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Display, Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Drive
DVD/CD-RW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Ejecting Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Drop-down Selection Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
DVD Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
E
Editing Spectrum Mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
Entry, of data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Index-2
Error Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
Ethernet
Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-42
Connector Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-46
EVM/Time Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
Example Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-19
Excel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
Exhaust Grill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-39
Export Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-35
Exporting
Trace Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
External IF Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-41
External Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
External TTL Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
Eye(I) Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
Eye(Q) Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
F
Factor, RRC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37, 4-39
FFT
in ACP Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-39
in Channel Power Measurement . . . . . . . . . .4-37
in Multicarrier Channel Power Measurement .442
Sweep Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Wide Band Sweep Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
File
CSV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-35
Drop-down Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-13
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-35
File Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-35
Filter
Anti-alias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
Filter Type, Modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
Filter, RRC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-42
Filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
Fly-out Menus, List of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-20
Free Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
Frequencies Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
Frequency
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-4
Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
Setting Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Setting Span . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-3
Front Panel
Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
Drop-down Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-14
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-1
Function, of Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Fuse Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-39
G
Gaussian Reference Line in CCDF . . . . . . . . . . .4-43
MS278XB OM
H
GPIB
Interface Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-40
Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-43
Graph Type
Constellation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
EVM/Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Eye(I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Eye(Q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Power/Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
QAM/PSK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Vector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
WCDMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21, 4-48
Graphical User Interface Overview . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Graticule
SPA Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-26
VSA Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
GUI Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
H
Handshake, in MATLAB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-57, 4-58
Help
Drop-down Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Horizontal Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Hot Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-36
I
I Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-41
I/Q
Wideband, Diff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Wideband, Single . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Icon, List of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
IF Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
IF Cal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
IF Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-41
IF Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-41
IF Power (Wide BW) Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Impedance, Input Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Importing Trace Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7, 6-8
Inactive Traces Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Input
Diff I/Q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
RF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Single I/Q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Input Attenuation, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Input for CCDF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-43
Input Source, Modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Instrument
Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, 2-6
Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Inverse Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13, 4-26
IQ Data, to MATLAB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-58
MS278XB OM
K
Keyboard, On-screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-25
Keys
Amplitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Back Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Cursor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Enter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Esc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Hot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-36
Increment Up/Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Major Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Minor Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Numeric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Preset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Rotary Knob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
L
Legend, of Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-39
Level Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
Level, Mixer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
Level, Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
Limit Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Line Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
Lines, Displaying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Log Video Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-39
Log, Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
Low Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
M
Main Menu Bar, Customizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-56
Marker
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
On Trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Marker Chips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14, 4-15
Marker Code@SF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-17
Marker Config Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Marker Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
Marker n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14, 4-15, 4-16, 4-17
Marker Preamble, Measured Preamble, for Marker 416
Marker Select Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
Marker Slot, Measured Slot, for Marker . . . . . .4-15
Marker Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Marker To (->) Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-17
Index-3
M
Markers
Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14, 4-15, 4-16, 4-17
All Off Button . . . . . . . . . . .4-14, 4-15, 4-16, 4-17
CF = Mkr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Mkr->Min . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Mkr->Peak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Next Peak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
RL = Mkr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Uplink Branch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16, 4-17
Markers, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
MathWorks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
MATLAB
Capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-58
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Connection Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-57
Handshake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-57, 4-58
Launching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Sample Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-58
Sending IQ Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-58
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-57
Sweep Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-58
Max-Hold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Maximum Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Measure Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Measurement
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Setup Dialogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Measurement Data
Exporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Measurement Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21
Measurement Type
Phase Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
PSK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
QAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
RF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Spectrum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
WCDMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
WiMAX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Measurements
Basic Setups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
Modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
Phase Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
QAM/PSK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
RF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
Spectrum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
WiMAX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
Index-4
Menu
Amplitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7, 4-8
Auto Coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-12
Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10, 4-11
Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-25
Display Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Display Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
Drop-down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-13
Drop-down Selection Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-24
File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13, 4-35
Fly-out Menu Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-19
Fly-out Menus, List of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-20
Frequencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-4
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-14
Graphical List of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19, 4-2
Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-15
List of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-1
Main Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-17
Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
Marker Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Marker Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
Marker To (->) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-17
Measure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-19
Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
Parameter Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-24
Rear Panel Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-1
Remote Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-34
Step Size and Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
Sub-menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-19
Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27, 4-28
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-31
System Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
Terminator Menus, List of . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-20
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-15
Touch Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
Trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23, 4-24
Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29, 4-30
View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-13
Y-axis Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
Menus, Graphical List of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19, 4-2
Message Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13, 4-32
Messages
Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-35
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-35
Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-35
Method, of Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37
Min-Hold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
Minimum Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
Minor Function Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Mixer Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
Mode, Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
MS278XB OM
N
Modulation
Capture Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
Filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
IF Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Impedance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Input Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
Parameter Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
WCDMA Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-48
WCDMA Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-51
Modulation Symbol Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
Monitor
Connector Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-45
Interface Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-40
Multicarrier Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Multicarrier Channel Power Bandwidth . . . . . . 4-42
Multicarrier Channel Power Setup . . . . . . . . . . 4-40
N
Narrowband RF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Noise Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Noise Compensation, in ACP Setup . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Noise Compensation, in Multicarrier Channel Power
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-42
Noise Source Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-42, 4-32
Normal Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Normal Sweep Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Numeric Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Nyquist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
O
OBW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Occupied Bandwidth Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Off (Blank) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Offset, Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Offset, Phase Noise Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Optimize Phase Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Option 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-58, 6-1
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Overview, Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
P
Parallel Connector Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-44
Parallel Interface Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-40
Parameter Entry Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Phase Noise
Bandwidth Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Phase Noise Measurement Type . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Pi4QPSK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
MS278XB OM
Port
Probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
RF Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
Source Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
Tracking Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
Power Input, AC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-39
Power, % . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-36
Power/Time Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
Preamble#, for Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-16
Printing Measurement Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-35
Probe Power Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
PS/2 Keyboard Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-41
PS/2 Mouse Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-40
PS2 Connector Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-45
PSK Measurement Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
Q
Q Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-41, 3-42
QAM Measurement Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
QAM/PSK
Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
QPSK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
R
RBW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-11
RBW in CCDF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-43
Rear Panel
Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-38
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-39
Rear Panel Control Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
Reference Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
Reference Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-41
Reference Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-8
Reference Level Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
Reference Level, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5
Reference Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-41
Remote Control Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
Remote Desktop
Advanced Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-4
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-1
Installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-2
Logging Off and Ending Session . . . . . . . . . . .7-4
Setting Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-1
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-3
Required Equipment, for Verification . . . . . . . . .5-71
Resolution Bandwidth, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-8
Restart Averaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
RF
Narrowband . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-47
Wideband . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-47
RF Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-47
RF Input Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
RF Measurement Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
RF Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
RMS Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
Roll-off Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37
Index-5
S
Roll-off Factor, in ACP Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Roll-off Factor, in Multicarrier Channel Power Setup
4-42
Roll-off Factor, Modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
Root Nyquist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
RRC Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37, 4-39
RRC Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-42
S
Safety Symbols
For Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
In Manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
On Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Sample Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Sample Rate, in MATLAB Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-58
Save Setups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Scale Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Scale/Div . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Scale/Div, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Screen Shots, Copying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Service Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Setups
Adjacent Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Modulation Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
Multicarrier Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-40
Occupied Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
WCDMA Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-48
WCDMA Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-51
Shutdown, Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, 2-6
Signature
About Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Single I/Q Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Slope, Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Slot#, for Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Source Output Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Source, Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
SPA Graticule Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-26
Span Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Span/RBW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Specifications
DVD/CD-RW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Spectrum Mask
Applying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
Creating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
Defining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-45
Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
Spectrum Masks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Spectrum Measurement Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Spectrum Measurements . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21
Start and Stop Frequencies, Setting . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Start Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Index-6
Start Time, in ACP Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-39
Start Time, in Channel Power Setup . . . . . . . . .4-37
Start Time, in Multicarrier Channel Power Setup .442
STARTUP, Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Startup, Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Status Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-35
Step Size and Offset Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
Stop Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
Stop Time, in ACP Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-39
Stop Time, in Channel Power Setup . . . . . . . . . .4-37
Stop Time, in Multicarrier Channel Power Setup .442
Summary Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-31
Summary Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
Sweep
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Type of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Sweep Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-27
Sweep Mode, in MATLAB Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-58
Sweep Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-42
Sweep Status Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-42
Sweep Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-11
Sweep Time Coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-12
Sweep Time, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-10
Swept sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Symbol Rate, in Channel Power Setup . . . . . . . .4-37
Symbol Rate, Modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
System
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
System Information Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
System Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-31
T
Table, Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Target Number of Samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-43
Target Number of Samples in CCDF . . . . . . . . .4-43
Taskbar, View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
Taskbar, Viewing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-13
Time, Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Toggle Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-23
TOI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
Tools Drop-down Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-15
Touch Screen Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
Touch Screen Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
Trace
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Trace Averaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
Trace Config Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
Trace Data
Exporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
Importing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7, 6-8
Trace Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
MS278XB OM
U
Trace Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Trace Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Average . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Clear-Write . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Max-Hold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Min-Hold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Off (Blank) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Trace Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Trace States, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Traces Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Tracking Generator Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Tracking Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-47
Trig/Gate Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-42
Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29, 4-30
Triggering, Configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Type
of ACP Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
of Channel Power Measurement . . . . . . . . . 4-37
of Multicarrier Channel Power Measurement 442
Type, Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
U
Units, Amplitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Uplink Branch, of Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16, 4-17
USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-42
Connector Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-46
V
VBW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
VBW/RBW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
MS278XB OM
Vector Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
Verification, of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-71
Video Bandwidth, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-9
Video Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-30
Video, Inverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13, 4-26
View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
View Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
View Drop-down Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-13
View Taskbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-26
VSA Graticule Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-30
W
Warm-up Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Warning Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-35
WCDMA
Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
WCDMA Graph Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-48
WCDMA Measurement Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
WCDMA Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-51
Wide Band Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Wideband Diff I/Q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-47
Wideband RF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-47
Wideband Single I/Q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-47
WiMAX
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20, 4-21, 4-22
WiMAX Measurement Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-22
Wizards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-25
Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-4
X
X dB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-36
Y
Y-axis Options Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
Index-7
Anritsu Customer Service Centers
UNITED STATES
FRANCE
JAPAN
ANRITSU COMPANY
ANRITSU U.S.A.
ANRITSU CUSTOMER SERVICE LTD.
490 Jarvis Drive
9 Avenue du Quebec
5-1-1 Onna Atsugi-shi
Morgan Hill, CA 95037-2809
Zone de Courtaboeuf
Kanagawa-Prf. 243 Japan
Telephone: 1-800-ANRITSU
91951 Les Ulis Cedex
Telephone: 046-296-6688
FAX: 408-776-1744
Telephone: 016-09-21-550
FAX: 046-225-8379
FAX: 016-44-61-065
GERMANY
SINGAPORE
ANRITSU COMPANY
ANRITSU GmbH
Anritsu Pte Ltd.
10 New Maple Ave., Unit 305
Konrad-Zuse-Platz 1
60 Alexandra Terrace
Pine Brook, NJ 07058
Muenchen 81829
#02-08 The Comtech
Telephone: 1-800-ANRITSU
Germany
Singapore 118502
FAX: 201-575-0092
Telephone: 089-442308-0
Tel: 6-282-2400
FAX: 089-442308-55
FAX: 6-282-2533
INDIA
SOUTH AFRICA
ANRITSU COMPANY
MEERA AGENCIES (P) LTD.
ETECSA
1155 E. Collins Blvd
23 Community Center
12 Surrey Square Office Park
Richardson, TX 75081
Kailash Colony Extension
330 Surrey Avenue
Telephone: 1-800-ANRITSU
New Delhi, India
Ferndale, Randburg, 2194
FAX: 972-671-1877
Telephone: 91-11-6442700
South Africa
FAX: 91-11-6442500
Telephone: 27-11-787-7200
FAX: 27-11-787-0446
AUSTRALIA
ISRAEL
SWEDEN
ANRITSU PTY. LTD.
TECH-CENT, LTD.
ANRITSU AB
Unit 21/270 Ferntree Gully Road
4 Raul Valenberg St
Borgafjordsgatan 13
Notting Hill, Victoria 3168
Tel-Aviv 69719
164 40 Kista Sweden
Australia
Telephone: 03-64-78-563
Telephone: 46-8-53470700
Telephone: 03-9558-8177
FAX: 03-64-78-334
FAX: 46-8-53470730
FAX: 03-9558-8255
BRAZIL
ITALY
TAIWAN
ANRITSU Eletrônica Ltda.
ANRITSU Sp.A
ANRITSU CO., INC.
Praça Amadeu Amaral 27, 1º andar.
Roma Office
7F, No. 316, Section 1
Bela Vista, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Via E. Vittorini, 129
Nei Hu Road
CEP: 01327-010
00144 Roma EUR
Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Telephone: 55-11-3283-2511
Telephone: 06-50-99-711
Telephone: 886-2-8751-1816
Fax: 55-11-3288-6940
FAX: 06-50-22-4252
FAX: 886-2-8751-2126
CANADA
KOREA
UNITED KINGDOM
ANRITSU INSTRUMENTS LTD.
ANRITSU CORPORATION LTD.
ANRITSU LTD.
700 Silver Seven Road, Suite 120
8F Hyunjuk Building, 832-41
200 Capability Green
Kanata, Ontario K2V 1C3
Yeoksam Dong, Kangnam-Ku
Luton, Bedfordshire
Telephone: (613) 591-2003
Seoul, South Korea 135-080
LU1 3LU, England
FAX: (613) 591-1006
Telephone: 02-553-6603
Telephone: 015-82-433200
FAX: 02-553-6605
FAX: 015-82-731303
Download PDF

advertising