APC 66123 Network Card User Manual

Galaxy 7000: Unitary Specification guide:
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA
1. UPS definition .................................................................................................................................. 2
1.1. Purpose ................................................................................................................................... 2
1.2. Brief description ...................................................................................................................... 2
2. Operating principles ........................................................................................................................ 2
2.1. Normal operation .................................................................................................................... 2
2.2. Operation on battery power .................................................................................................... 2
2.3. Battery recharging................................................................................................................... 2
2.4. Transfer to bypass AC source ................................................................................................ 2
2.5. UPS maintenance ................................................................................................................... 2
2.6. Battery maintenance ............................................................................................................... 3
2.7. Cold start (normal AC source absent) .................................................................................... 3
3. Sizing and general characteristics ................................................................................................ 3
3.1. Technology.............................................................................................................................. 3
3.2. Rating ...................................................................................................................................... 3
3.3. Battery backup time ................................................................................................................ 3
3.4. Types of loads accepted ......................................................................................................... 3
3.5. PFC sinusoidal-current input rectifier ..................................................................................... 3
3.6. Output without a transformer .................................................................................................. 3
3.6. Efficiency................................................................................................................................. 3
3.7. Noise level............................................................................................................................... 3
4. AC sources ....................................................................................................................................... 4
4.1. Normal AC source................................................................................................................... 4
4.2. Bypass AC source .................................................................................................................. 4
5. Electrical characteristics ................................................................................................................. 4
5.1. Rectifier and charger............................................................................................................... 4
5.2. Battery ..................................................................................................................................... 4
5.3. Inverter .................................................................................................................................... 5
5.4. Automatic bypass.................................................................................................................... 5
5.5. Discrimination.......................................................................................................................... 6
5.6. System earthing arrangements (SEA).................................................................................... 6
6. Mechanical characteristics ............................................................................................................. 7
6.1. Mechanical structure............................................................................................................... 6
6.2. Dimensions ............................................................................................................................. 6
6.3. Connection .............................................................................................................................. 6
6.4. Ventilation ............................................................................................................................... 6
6.5. Safety ...................................................................................................................................... 7
7. Environment conditions .................................................................................................................. 7
7.1. UPS (not including battery)..................................................................................................... 7
8. Protection .......................................................................................................................................... 7
8.1. UPS ......................................................................................................................................... 7
8.2. Rectifier and charger............................................................................................................... 7
8.3. Inverter .................................................................................................................................... 7
8.4. Battery ..................................................................................................................................... 7
9. Battery management ........................................................................................................................ 8
9.1. Self-tests ................................................................................................................................. 8
9.2. Measurement of actual backup time....................................................................................... 8
9.3. Battery digital management .................................................................................................... 8
9.4. Block by block monitoring ....................................................................................................... 8
10. User interface and communication .............................................................................................. 8
10.1. User interface........................................................................................................................ 8
10.2. Communication ..................................................................................................................... 9
11. Maintainability................................................................................................................................. 10
12. Standards and tests ....................................................................................................................... 10
12.1. Standards.............................................................................................................................. 10
12.2. Certification of conformity ..................................................................................................... 10
13. Quality system and test procedures ............................................................................................ 10
14. Services ........................................................................................................................................... 10
14.1. Maintenance.......................................................................................................................... 10
14.2. Technical competency .......................................................................................................... 10
14.3. Functional components - organization of supplier services ................................................. 10
14.4. System start-up ..................................................................................................................... 10
14.5. Replacement parts................................................................................................................ 10
14.6. Recycling and renovation ..................................................................................................... 10
15. Warranty .......................................................................................................................................... 11
16. Further services.............................................................................................................................. 12
17. Electrical diagram........................................................................................................................... 12
Appendix Check list ............................................................................................................................. 13
APC by Schneider Electric
Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p.
1
Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
1. UPS definition
1.1. Purpose
The purpose of this specification is to define the design, manufacture and testing characteristics required in view of
supplying, putting into operation and maintaining an Uninterruptible Power Supply (referred to as a UPS
hereinafter).
The UPS shall be designed to supply dependable electric power to:
1.2. Brief description
The UPS shall be a single UPS, operating in double-conversion mode (also called on-line mode); it shall be a VFItype UPS (as per standard IEC 62040-2), made up of the following components, described in detail in this
specification:
ω Rectifier
ω Battery charger
ω Inverter
ω Battery
ω Automatic bypass (via a static switch)
ω Manual bypass (for maintenance)
ω User and communications interface
ω Battery management system
ω Any and all other devices required for safe operation and maintenance, including circuit breakers, switches, etc.
2. Operating principles
The UPS shall operate in double-conversion mode as indicated below.
2.1. Normal operation
(normal AC source available)
The rectifier shall supply the inverter and the charger with DC current. The inverter shall continuously supply the
load with backed up electrical energy and the charger shall float charge the battery.
2.2. Operation on battery power
(normal AC source not available or outside tolerances)
Upon failure or excessive deterioration of the normal AC source, the inverter shall continue to supply the load from
battery power without interruption or disturbance, within the limits imposed by the battery backup time.
2.3. Battery recharging
(normal AC source restored)
When the normal AC source is restored, the rectifier shall again power the inverter, without interruption or
disturbance to the load, while the charger automatically recharges the battery.
2.4. Transfer to bypass AC source
In case of a major overload or if the UPS shuts down, the static switch shall instantaneously transfer the load,
without a break in the supply of power, to the bypass AC source if it is available and within tolerances.
Transfer of the load back to the UPS output, synchronized with the bypass AC source, shall be automatic or
manual. During transfer, the load shall not suffer an outage or disturbance in the supply of power.
On request, the UPS system may automatically transfer the load with a micro-interruption (adjustable from 15 to
1000 ms) if a major fault occurs on the UPS system and if synchronization with the bypass source has not been
established.
2.5. UPS maintenance
For maintenance purposes, the UPS shall include a mechanical manual bypass system with one-button operation.
For personnel safety during servicing or testing, this system shall be designed to isolate the UPS while continuing
to supply power to the load from the bypass AC source. The UPS shall also include a device making it possible to
isolate the rectifier and the charger from the normal AC source.
APC by Schneider Electric
Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p.
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Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
All power and control electronics shall be accessible from the front of the UPS.
2.6. Battery maintenance
For safe maintenance on the battery, the system shall include a circuit breaker to isolate the battery from the
rectifier, the charger and the inverter. When the battery is isolated from the system, the UPS shall continue to
supply the load without interruption or disturbance, except in the event of a normal AC source outage.
2.7. Cold start (normal AC source absent)
The battery shall be capable of starting the UPS if the normal AC source is absent and continue supplying power to
the load within the specified backup time. Cold start on battery power shall be possible on the condition that the
system shall have started at least once on normal AC power.
3. Sizing and general characteristics
3.1. Technology
UPS technology shall be based on IGBT transistors for all the power converters (rectifier, charger and inverter with
variable chopping frequency).
3.2. Rating
The UPS shall be sized to continuously supply a load of…[160/200250 / 300 / 400 / 500] kVA at a power factor of
0.9.
3.3. Battery backup time
The battery backup time in the event of a normal AC source outage shall be _______ minutes, for a load power
factor of 0.9.
The battery shall be designed for a service life of …[ 10 / 12 ]…years. It shall be selected and sized
correspondingly, for a load power factor of 0.9.
3.4. Types of loads accepted
The UPS shall accept high crest factors (3:1) without derating (kW) to ensure correct operation with computer loads
and loads where the leading power factor can reach 0.9.
The total harmonic voltage distortion at UPS output (THDU downstream) shall respect the following limits:
ω THDU downstream ph/ph ≤ 3% for non-linear loads.
3.5. PFC sinusoidal-current input rectifier
The UPS system shall not draw a level of harmonic currents that could disturb the upstream AC system, i.e. it shall
comply with the stipulations of guide IEC 61000-3-4.
The PFC input rectifier using sinusoidal-current IGBTs shall have the following performance levels:
ω Total harmonic current distortion (THDI) upstream of the rectifier not exceeding 5%,
ω Input power factor (PF) greater than 0.99 from 50% load upwards.
3.6. Output without a transformer
To reduce losses, dimensions and weight, the UPS output shall be of the transformerless type and the neutral shall
be recreated electronically.
3.7. Efficiency
Overall efficiency (between the rectifier input and the UPS output) shall be greater than or equal to:
ω 94.5% from 50% load to full rated load (In).
3.8. Noise level
The noise level, measured as per standard ISO3746, shall be less than …[75 dBA (for160, 200, 250, 300, 400, 500
kVA)]
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Edition - 01/2010
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Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
4. AC sources
4.1. Normal AC source
(rectifier input)
The normal AC source supplying the UPS shall, under normal operating conditions, have the following
characteristics:
ω Rated voltage: 380 - 400 or 415 Volts rms at full rated load Pn
ω Input voltage range: 250 V (at 30% load) to 470 V
ω Number of phases: 3, a neutral is not required
Hz ± 10%
ω Frequency:
4.2. Bypass AC source
(automatic-bypass input)
The characteristics of the bypass AC source supplying the UPS in the event of an inverter shutdown (maintenance,
failure) or an overload (short-circuit, very high inrush current) shall be the following:
volts, ± 10%
ω Voltage:
/
ω Number of phases: 3 ph + N + earth (a non-distributed neutral is possible)
ω Frequency:
Hz ± 8% (adjustable up to ± 2 Hz)
Outside these tolerances, it shall be possible to supply the load, but in downgraded mode.
5. Electrical characteristics
5.1. Rectifier and charger
5.1.1. Power supply
The PFC rectifier, drawing sinusoidal current, shall be supplied by the normal AC source, without a neutral. It shall
provide power for the load as well as charge or float charge the battery. The battery charger shall be supplied by
the rectifier to avoid transmitting any AC fluctuations to the battery.
5.1.2. Inrush current
A device shall be provided to limit inrush currents.
When AC power fails and during genset start, the rectifier shall limit the power drawn by implementing a walk-in for
ten seconds.
5.1.3. Phase sequence
A device shall check that the phase sequence is correct to protect the power system from the effects of incorrect
connections. The device shall also check the bypass AC input.
5.1.4. Operating mode
The standard charger shall be sufficient to charge the battery rapidly. For a backup time of …[5 / 10 / 15 / 20 / 30]
… minutes, battery recharging shall take less than …[4 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 hours]… (values after discharge to Pn/2 and
recovery of 90% of total battery charge for a recent battery).
5.1.5. Input power factor
The performance level shall be that mentioned in section 3.5, i.e. PF > 0.99.
5.1.6. Charger regulation and monitoring
The battery recharge system shall include independent regulation and monitoring devices to ensure conformity with
standard NFC 58311.
The battery recharge voltage shall be a function of the ambient temperature in the battery room.
5.2. Battery
The UPS shall be equipped with a battery of the …[sealed lead-acid type, mounted and wired in a cabinet identical
in aspect to that of the UPS]…[sealed lead-acid type, mounted on shelves] …[vented lead-acid type mounted on
racks]… and shall have a service life of …[10 / 12]… years.
The battery shall be sized to ensure a continuous supply to the inverter for at least …[5 / 10 / 15 / 20 / 30…]…
kVA
minutes, in the event the normal AC source fails, given that the inverter is at full rated load, i.e.
for a power factor PF = 0.9.
Sizing calculations shall assume an ambient temperature between 0°C and 35°C.
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Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p.
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Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
5.3. Inverter
The inverter shall be sized to supply a rated load of …[160/200/250 / 300 / 400 / 500]… kVA at 0.9 PF and shall
satisfy the specifications listed below.
5.3.1. Output voltage
ω Rated voltage
…[380 / 400 / 415 / 440]… volts rms, adjustable via the user interface (see section 10), within tolerances of +/- 3%
in order to take into account voltage drops in the cables.
ω Number of phases
3 phases + neutral + earth.
ω Steady-state conditions
Variations in the rated voltage shall be limited to ± 2% for a balanced load between 0 and 100% of the rated load,
whatever the voltage level on the normal AC source and the DC voltage level, within the limits defined in sections
4.1 and 5.1.4.
ω Voltage variations for load step changes
Output voltage transients shall not exceed ± 1% of rated voltage for 0 to 100% or 100 to 0% step loads. In all
cases, the voltage shall return to within steady-state tolerances in less than 100 milliseconds.
ω Unbalanced conditions
For a load unbalance between phases, the variation in the output voltage shall be less than 1%.
5.3.2. Output frequency
ω Rated frequency
-50 or 60 Hz.
ω Variations in the free-running frequency
- ± 0.5 Hz.
5.3.3. Synchronization with bypass power
ω When bypass power is within tolerances
To enable transfer to bypass power (see conditions in section 5.4), the inverter output voltage shall be
synchronized with the bypass source voltage whenever possible. To that end, during normal operation, a
synchronization system shall automatically limit the phase deviation between the voltages to 3 degrees, if the
bypass source frequency is sufficiently stable (within adjustable tolerances of 0.5% to 8% with respect to the rated
frequency).
ω Synchronization with an external source
It shall be possible to synchronize with all types of external source.
ω Autonomous operation following loss of synchronization with bypass power
When the bypass source frequency deviates beyond these limits, the inverter shall switch over to free-running
mode with internal synchronization, regulating its own frequency to within ± 0.02 Hz. When bypass power returns to
within tolerances, the inverter shall automatically resynchronize.
ω Variation in frequency per unit time
To avoid transmitting to the inverter any excessive frequency variations on the bypass AC source when it is within
tolerances, inverter frequency variations per unit time (dF/dt) shall be limited to 1 Hz/s or 2 Hz/s (user defined).
5.3.4. Overload and short-circuit capacity
The UPS shall be capable of supplying for at least:
ω 10 minutes a load representing 125% of the rated load
ω 1 minutes a load representing 135 % of the rated load
ω 30 second a load representing 150% of the rated load.
ω For the specified power rating of …[ 160 / 200 /250 / 300 / 400 / 500 ]… kVA, the inverter shall be capable of
current limiting to a peak capacity of ... [290 / 235 / 277 / 230 / 234 / 245% ] ... for 150 ms to allow highly disturbed
transient operating states without transferring the load to the bypass.
ω The overload capacity shall be capable of taking into account temperature conditions for more than ten minutes,
by allowing a continuous, 10% overload when the temperature is less than or equal to 20°C.
5.3.5. Higher power ratings for lower temperatures
It shall be possible to increase the power rating when the temperature is less than 35°C. The rating can be raised
by +3% for 30°C, +5% for 25°C and +8% for 20°C.
5.4. Automatic bypass
5.4.1. Load transfer to the automatic bypass
The UPS shall be equipped with an automatic bypass comprising a static switch. Instantaneous transfer of the load
from the inverter to bypass power and back shall take place without a break or disturbance in the supply of power
to the load, on the condition that the bypass source voltage and frequency are within the tolerances specified in
section 4.2 and that the inverter is synchronized.
Transfer shall take place automatically in the event of a major overload or an internal inverter fault. Manually
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Edition - 01/2010
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Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
initiated transfer shall also be possible.
If the bypass power is outside the specified tolerances or is not synchronized with the inverter, automatic transfer of
the load from the inverter to bypass power shall be disabled or shall take place after a calibrated interruption
adjustable from 15 to 1000 ms.
5.4.2. Static-switch protection
The static switch shall be equipped with an RC filter for protection against switching over voltages and lightning
strikes.
5.4.3. Static-switch withstand
For the specified power rating of …[ 500 / 400 / 300 / 250 / 200 / 160 ]… kVA, the static switch shall be capable of
handling an over current of …[ 16 / 16 / 21 / 25 / 18 / 23 ]…. times the rated current of the UPS to facilitate
discrimination within the electrical installation.
5.5. Discrimination and short-circuit capacity
If the bypass power is within the tolerances specified in section 4.2, the presence of the static switch shall make it
possible to use the short-circuit power of the bypass source to trip the downstream protection devices of the
inverter.
To ensure tripping in a selective manner, the available power shall be sufficient to trip protection devices with high
ratings (circuit breaker rated In/2 or UR fuses rated In/4, where In is the rated inverter current).
If the bypass source is outside the specified tolerances, the inverter on its own shall, for the same discrimination
requirements, be capable of tripping circuit breakers rated In/2 or UR fuses rated In/4, irrespective of the type of
short-circuit.
5.6. System earthing (grounding) arrangements (SEA)
The UPS shall be compatible with the following system earthing arrangements (SEA):
ω Upstream source SEA: …[TT/ IT / TNS / TNC]…
ω Downstream installation SEA: …[ TT/ IT / TNS / TNC ]…
If the upstream and downstream SEAs are different, galvanic isolation shall be provided on the normal and bypass
lines.
6. Mechanical characteristics
6.1. Mechanical structure
The UPS and batteries shall be installed in cabinet(s) with an [ IP 20 / IP 32 ] degree of protection (standard IEC
60529). Access to the subassemblies making up the system shall be exclusively through the front.
6.2. Dimensions
The UPS shall require as little floor space as possible. To gain space, it shall be possible to install the UPS with the
back to the wall or back to back with another UPS unit.
6.3. Connections
To facilitate connections, all terminal blocks must be easily accessible from the front when the UPS is installed with
the back to the wall. Entry of upstream and downstream power cables, as well as any auxiliary cables, shall be
possible through the bottom without requiring a false floor.
The UPS shall be equipped with an earth-circuit connector, in compliance with the standards listed in section 12.
The cables shall comply with the standards listed in section 12 and be mounted in compliance with the safety
stipulations in section 6.6.
6.4. Ventilation
System cooling shall be by forced-air ventilation. To facilitate layout of cabinets (particularly when installed back to
the wall), air input shall be through the front and bottom, exit through the top.
All power electronics shall be equipped with a redundant ventilation system including fault detection.
APC by Schneider Electric
Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p.
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Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
6.5. Safety
For the safety of maintenance personnel, the cabinet shall be provided with a manually operated mechanical
bypass designed to isolate the rectifier, charger, inverter and static switch while continuing to supply the load from
the bypass AC source.
The UPS shall be equipped with a terminal block for reception of an external EPO order resulting in opening of the
battery circuit breaker and shutdown of all converters.
7. Environment conditions
7.1. UPS (not including battery)
7.1.1. Operation
The UPS, not including the battery, shall be capable of operating under the following environmental conditions
without loss of performance:
ω Temperature range during continuous operation: 0°C to 35°C
ω Maximum temperature: 40°C for eight hours
ω Recommended temperature range: + 20°C to + 25°C
ω Maximum relative humidity: 95% at 25°C
ω Maximum altitude without derating: 1000 m.
7.1.2. Storage
The UPS, not including the battery, shall be designed for storage under the following conditions:
ω Ambient temperature range: - 10°C to + 45°C.
8. Protection
8.1. UPS
The UPS shall include protection against AC-source over voltages (as per standard IEC 60146), excessive external
or internal temperature rise and vibrations and impacts during transport.
8.2. Rectifier and charger
The rectifier shall automatically shutdown if the temperature exceeds the limits specified in section 7.1.1.
The charger shall automatically shut down if the DC voltage reaches the maximum value specified by the battery
manufacturer or if the temperature exceeds the limits specified in section 7.1.1.
8.3. Inverter
Inverters shall self-protect against overloads and short-circuits, irrespective of the operating mode (AC power or
battery power).
8.4. Battery
8.4.1. Protection against deep discharge and self-discharge
The UPS shall comprise a device designed to protect the battery against deep discharges, taking into account the
characteristics of the discharge cycles, with isolation of the battery by a circuit breaker.
8.4.2. Independent regulation and monitoring systems
A regulation system shall regulate the battery voltage and the charge current.
A second system, independent of the regulation, shall monitor the battery voltage and the charge current.
Consequently, if the regulation system fails, the monitoring system steps in to shut down the charger and avoid
overcharging.
8.4.3. Regulation of the battery voltage depending on the ambient temperature
A temperature sensor adapts the charge voltage to the ambient temperature.
This regulation system takes into account the chemical reaction and prolongs the battery service life.
The permissible temperature range is set in the personalization parameters.
An alarm shall be issued for temperatures outside the permissible range.
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Edition - 01/2010
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Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
9. Battery management
Batteries are components whose service life is sensitive to operating conditions, i.e. particular care is required for
their management. In addition to the protective systems indicated in section 8.4, battery management shall include
the systems listed below.
9.1. Self-test
The battery shall be equipped with a self-test that can be run:
ω On request via a manual control
ω Automatically according to user-set time intervals.
The self-test shall enable updating of battery parameters and detection of all abnormal conditions in view of
preventive maintenance.
9.2. Measurement of actual backup time
The battery function shall be equipped with the means to know at all times the real backup time available (AC
power available) or remaining (AC power not available), taking into account the true load on the inverter, the
battery temperature and battery ageing.
9.3. Digital battery monitoring
The UPS shall be equipped with a system for battery digital management.
Based on a number of parameters (percent load, temperature, battery type and age), the system shall control the
battery charge voltage and continuously calculate:
ω The true available backup time (section 9.2)
ω The remaining service life.
9.4. Block by block monitoring
To further optimize battery availability and service life, it shall be possible to equip the UPS with an optional system
to continuously monitor all battery strings and display a block by block failure prediction. The system shall include
the functions listed below.
ω Continuous measurement of the voltage of each block.
ω Continuous measurement of the internal resistance.
ω Identification of faulty blocks (trend curves).
ω Possibility of replacing individual blocks.
ω Removing of all information via Ethernet, dry contacts or JBus.
10. User interface and communication
10.1. User interface
UPS operation shall be facilitated by a user interface comprising:
ω a B&W graphical display
ω ON and OFF control buttons (independent of the display)
ω Status indications with mimic panel.
10.1.1. Graphical display
The mimic diagram shall enable display of installation parameters, configuration, operating status and alarms and
indication of operator instructions for switching operations (e.g. bypass). It shall be capable of supervising a single
UPS or a parallel system of up to eight UPS units with their SSC (static-switch cabinet).
ω Display of measurements
It shall be possible to display the following measurements:
- Inverter output phase-to-phase voltages
- Inverter output currents
- Inverter output frequency
- Voltage across battery terminals
- Battery charge or discharge current
- Rectifier/charger input phase-to-phase voltages
- Rectifier/charger input currents
- crest factor
- Active and apparent power
- Power factor of the load
- Battery temperature
- Battery percent charge
- Available backup time
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Edition - 01/2010
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Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
- the remaining battery service life.
ω Display of status conditions and events
It shall be possible to display the following indications:
- Load on battery power
- Load on UPS
- Load on automatic bypass
- General alarm
- Battery fault
- Remaining battery backup time
- Low battery warning
- bypass AC source outside tolerances
- Battery temperature.
Additional information shall be provided in view of accelerating system servicing, as specified in section 11.
ω Display of operating graphs
It shall be possible to display bar graphs of the measurements mentioned above on the screen over significant
periods.
ω Statistics
Number of overloads, number of transfers to battery power, cumulative time on battery power, maximum power
levels, demand power levels.
ω log of time-stamped events
This function shall store in memory and make available, for automatic or manually initiated recall, time-stamped
logs of all important status changes, faults and malfunctions, complete with an analysis and display of
troubleshooting procedures. It shall be possible to time stamp and store at least 2500 events.
10.1.2. Controls
The UPS shall comprise the following controls:
ω two ON and OFF buttons
Located on the front panel of the UPS, they shall control UPS-unit ON/OFF status.
It shall be possible to turn OFF the UPS externally via an isolated dry contact.
ω EPO terminal block
The UPS shall be equipped with an emergency power off (EPO) terminal block for complete system shutdown
following reception of an external control signal. The EPO command shall result in:
- Shutdown of UPS units
- Opening of the static switches on the bypass line and of the battery circuit breaker
- Opening of an isolated dry contact on the programmable card.
ω Alarm reset button
This button shall turn off audio alarms (buzzer) (see section 10.1.3). If a new alarm is detected after clearing the
first, the buzzer sounds again.
10.1.3. Status indications with mimic panel
Indication of status conditions shall be distinct of the graphic display.
Three LEDs on the control panel indicate the following status conditions:
ω Load protected
ω Minor fault
ω Major fault.
The mimic panel shall represent the UPS and indicate the status of the load supply using five two-color (red and
green) LEDs:
ω Load supplied (LED at UPS output on mimic panel)
ω Inverter on (inverter LED on mimic panel)
ω Operation on battery power (LED between battery and inverter on mimic panel)
ω Bypass activated (bypass LED on mimic panel)
ω PFC rectifier on (rectifier LED on mimic panel).
A buzzer shall warn the user of faults, malfunctions or operation on battery power.
10.2. Communication
10.2.1. Standard communication
It shall be possible to remote the following controls, indications and measurements. To that end, the UPS shall
have as standard equipment:
ω a programmable card with four inputs and six outputs.
10.2.2. Communications options
The UPS shall be designed to enable the extension of communications, without system shutdown, to the following
types of cards:
ω Multi-standard communications card with two outputs:
- an RS485 serial-link implementing the JBus/ModBus protocol for connection to a building management system
(BMS)
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Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p.
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Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
- Ethernet 10/100 Mbps using one of the protocols below:
XML-Web for direct UPS connection to an intranet network, without connection to a server, capable of supplying
information via a standard web browser
SNMP for connection to a computer-network management system
ω multi-standard communications card with three outputs:
- the two outputs listed above
- plus a modem output for communication with a tele-maintenance system.
ω The UPS shall be detectable by supervision software for large UPS systems.
ω Shutdown and administration software shall be available in addition to the communication cards.
11. Maintainability
A manual bypass shall be available to completely isolate the UPS for maintenance purposes.
11.1. Local and remote diagnostics and monitoring - E. Services
The UPS shall be equipped with a self-test system to check operation of the system as a whole each time it is
started. To that end, the supply control/monitoring electronics shall offer:
ω Auto-compensation of component drift
ω Acquisition of information vital for computer-aided diagnostics or monitoring (local or remote);
ω Overall readiness for remote supervision services provided by the manufacturer.
12. Standards and tests
12.1. Standards
All equipment shall be designed and built in accordance with accepted engineering practice and applicable
international standards, in particular the standards listed below.
ω IEC 60140-4: UPS - Performance.
ω IEC 62040-1 and EN 62040-1: UPS - Safety.
ω IEC 62040-2 and EN 62040-2: UPS - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), level B.
ω IEC 62040-3 and EN 62040-3: UPS - Performance.
ω IEC 60950 / EN 60950: Safety of IT equipment, including electrical business equipment.
ω IEC 61000-2-2: EMC, levels of compatibility.
ω IEC 61000-3-4: Limitation of emission of harmonic currents in low-voltage power supply systems for equipment
with rated current greater than 16 A.
ω IEC 61000-4: EMC, immunity tests.
ω IEC 439: Low-voltage switchgear and control gear assemblies.
ω IEC 60529: Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code).
ω ISO 3746: Sound power levels.
ω CE marking.
What is more, the equipment shall comply with eco-design and eco-manufacturing criteria in view of sustainable
development and to that end, the manufacturer shall be able to demonstrate:
ω R&D and production on an ISO 14001 certified site
ω Manufacture with over 90% recyclable materials
ω Capacity to recover products at the end of their service life and provide proof of destruction by a certified
organisation
ω The environmental profile of the product, which shall be supplied with the sales offer.
12.2. Certification of conformity
The manufacturer shall provide, on request, a complete qualification file demonstrating compliance with the above
standards. What is more, the indicated levels of performance shall be confirmed by certification from independent
laboratories (e.g. TÜV or VERITAS).
13. Quality system and test procedures
13.1. Test procedures
The manufacturer shall provide proof of a quality-assurance system. In particular, the main manufacturing steps
must be subject to suitable tests such as:
APC by Schneider Electric
Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p. 10
Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
ω Inspection of incoming components, tests on discrete subassemblies
ω Complete functional checks on termination of manufacture.
The equipment shall be subject to burn-in under load conditions prior to shipping.
Final checks and adjustments shall be recorded in a report drafted by the quality-inspection department of the
supplier.
Certification of the industrial facilities in compliance with ISO 9001 or 9002 shall be required.
13.2. Quality system
The UPS must be designed using an ISO 9001 quality system and a dependability study to ensure maximum
reliability.
14. Services
14.1. Maintenance
The supplier shall propose contracts covering four levels of maintenance.
ω Level one: simple checks and settings, procedures accessible without any dismounting and involving no risk.
ω Level two: preventive maintenance, checks not inhibiting continuous operation of the system and preparing
operators for Manufacturer services.
ω Level three: trouble-shooting. Repairs by standard exchange of subassemblies and functional power and control
components. Preventive-maintenance operations, both systematic and when indicated by qualified diagnosis.
ω Level four: major preventive and corrective maintenance operations or technical upgrades during start-up,
operation or renovation of the UPS installation and recycling of equipment or components representing a risk.
These operations require the use of devices and means that have been calibrated by certified organizations.
14.2. Technical competency
ω Customer operators: the supplier shall offer a level 2 training program.
ω Service personnel: the supplier shall ensure that service personnel are qualified for level 4.
14.3. Functional components - organization of supplier services
ω Sufficient geographical proximity of the supplier or an authorized agent shall ensure reasonable access times to
the customer site in view of reducing the mean time to repair (MTTR). The supplier shall be in a position to offer a
contract limiting the response time to four hours.
ω The supplier's logistics system and the availability 24 hours a day of original replacement parts shall similarly
contribute to reducing to the greatest extent possible the mean time to repair (MTTR).
14.4. System start-up
The system and equipment shall be started up on site by the supplier or its authorized agent. The procedure shall
include checks on the characteristics of the upstream and downstream protection devices and on the UPS
installation parameters.
14.5. Replacement parts
The suppler shall undertake to provide certified original replacement parts for at least ten years following the date
of delivery.
14.6. Recycling and renovation/substitution
At the end of the UPS service life, the supplier shall guarantee the continuity of service of the customer's
installations if necessary, including dismantling of equipment and replacement of equipment, in compliance with
applicable standards on environmental protection.
15. Warranty
The rectifier, charger and inverter subassemblies shall be guaranteed (parts and labor on site) for one year
following the start-up date.
The sealed lead-acid battery shall be covered by the same warranty as the UPS.
APC by Schneider Electric
Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p. 11
Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
16. Further services
Required services include:
ω Supply of the UPS and any accessory parts or elements
ω Carriage-paid UPS transportation and delivery to the site.
Options:
ω UPS handling and installation on the site
ω Connections between the battery and the UPS
ω Connection of the normal AC source to the rectifier/charger
ω Connection of the bypass AC source to the input transformer or bypass input
ω Connection of the load circuits to the UPS output.
17. Electrical diagram
Battery
Normal
AC input
Bypass
AC input
UPS
Load
Fig. UPS electrical diagram.
APC by Schneider Electric
Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p. 12
Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
Appendix. Check list
Type of UPS
Total rated power (kVA) at PF 0.9
kVA
kW
Manufacturer
Range of products
Operating mode (IEC 62040-2)
double conversion
Operation as frequency converter
yes
no
yes
no
Rectifier
Input voltage range:
250 V to 470 V
yes
no
3-phase input
without neutral
yes
no
Phase sequence
Check on phase sequence
yes
no
Sinusoidal input current
THDI upstream ≤ 5% with PFC rectifier
yes
no
Input power factor
PF > 0.99 with IGBT rectifier
(from 50% load)
yes
no
yes
no
No inrush or start-up current
Rapid battery recharging
Typical 10-min. backup time recharged in
six hours or less
yes
no
Voltage regulation
± 1%
yes
no
yes
no
yes
no
yes
no
Independent regulation/monitoring systems
for the charger
Battery
Type
standard
sealed lead acid in a cabinet
other
Service life
years
yes
no
Backup time
minutes
yes
no
Recharge as a function of the temperature
yes
no
Measurement of actual backup time, depending on load, temperature, age
yes
no
Cold start on battery power
yes
no
Battery management and protection
Protection against deep discharge
with circuit-breaker opening
yes
no
Charge-current limiting
0.05 C10 to 0.1 C10 (depending on
battery
yes
no
Self-tests
yes
no
Measurement of real backup time
yes
no
Block by block monitoring
yes
no
Prediction on end of service life
yes
no
APC by Schneider Electric
Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p. 13
Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
Inverter
Volts
yes
no
± 3%
yes
no
Steady-state conditions
± 1%
yes
no
Voltage transients
± 5% (load from 0 to 100% or 100 to 0%)
yes
no
Output voltage distortion at Pn
THDU < 3%
yes
no
Unbalanced conditions
Voltage variation < 1%
yes
no
yes
no
± 0.5 Hz
yes
no
- 0.25 Hz to + 2 Hz
yes
no
Frequency synchronization with an external
source
± 0.5% to ± 8% of rated frequency
yes
no
Overload capacity
125% In for 10 minutes
yes
no
150% In for 30 seconds
yes
no
Current limiting
yes
230% to 290% In for 150 milliseconds
(e.g. 290% for 160 kVA and 200% for 300
kVA)
no
Crest factor
up to 3:1
yes
no
Automatic bypass
With static switch
yes
no
Short-circuit withstand of static switch
16 to 25 In for 20 ms, depending on rating yes
(e.g. 25 In for 250 kVA / 16 In for 500
kVA)
no
Built-in manual bypass
Mechanical (for maintenance)
yes
no
93 % (160 kVA) to > 94.5% from 75%
load
yes
no
selection of operating language from 19
yes
no
personalization menu
with password
yes
no
display
measurements, status, events, graphs
yes
no
event log
2500 time-stamped events
yes
no
bar graphs
power levels, backup time
yes
no
statistics
% time on battery power, number of
transfers to battery power, average
percent load, etc.
yes
no
Controls
ON, OFF, EPO terminal block
yes
no
Status indications with mimic panel
Audio alarm, LEDs
yes
no
Three-phase output voltage
adjustable within limits
Hz
Output frequency
Variation in output frequency
adjustable from
Bypass functions
Efficiency
Normal mode
User interface
Graphical display
APC by Schneider Electric
Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p. 14
Specification guide
Single UPS, three-phase, 160 to 500 kVA (cont.)
Communication
Programmable relay card
yes
no
EPO terminal block
yes
no
Card with two outputs
JBus/ModBus RS485 + Ethernet 10/100
yes
no
Card with three outputs
Same as 2-output card + modem +NMTC
yes
no
yes
no
with shutdown management
yes
no
Certified standards and tests
See list in section 12.1
yes
no
Performance certification
TÜV
yes
no
Quality certification
ISO 9001 / 9002
yes
no
Eco-design and manufacturing
ISO 14001 site
yes
no
Technical competency of supplier
level 4 NFX 060-010
yes
no
Diagnostics and monitoring
remote
yes
no
Technical support
international
yes
no
yes
no
hot-swap cards
yes
no
around the world
yes
no
Options
Supervision software
Administration software
Certification
Services
Operation, Maintainability
Access to power components through front
Access to communication through front
Availability
Availability of original replacement parts
t < 4h 4<t<8 8<t<24 t>24 h
Response time of Service teams
yes
yes
no
no
Emergency services
yes
no
Renovation / substitution programs
yes
no
Maintenance programs
APC by Schneider Electric
preventive
predictive
Edition - 01/2010
Single UPS spec - p. 15