APC ADSL 4-Port Network Router User Manual

ADSL 4-Port Ethernet USB Wireless-G Router User Guide
ADSL 4-Port Ethernet USB
Wireless-G Router
User Guide
Version 1.0
ADSL 4-Port Ethernet USB Wireless-G Router User Guide
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ADSL 4-Port Ethernet USB Wireless-G Router User Guide
Table of Contents
Preliminary Pages
Page
Table of Contents ...................................................................................................................2
List of Ilustrations ..................................................................................................................4
Chapter 1 - About this Manual.............................................................................................9
1.1
Introduction ......................................................................................9
1.2
Scope and Purpose............................................................................9
1.3
Targeted Audience............................................................................9
1.4
Manual Organisation ........................................................................9
Chapter 2 – ADSL Router Description ..............................................................................10
2.1
ADSL Router Overview .................................................................10
Chapter 3 - Your Gateway At A Glance ............................................................................11
3.1
Ports and Buttons............................................................................11
3.2
ADSL Router Overview .................................................................12
3.2.1
Front Indicators ..............................................................................12
3.2.2
Back Panel ......................................................................................13
Chapter 4 - Installing The ADSL Router ...........................................................................14
Chapter 5 - Setting Up the ADSL Router ..........................................................................15
5.1
Logging into your ADSL Router....................................................15
5.2
Quick Start......................................................................................16
5.3
LAN / DHCP Configuration...........................................................17
5.4
Diagnostic Test...............................................................................18
5.4.1
Ping Test.........................................................................................19
5.5
Wireless ..........................................................................................20
5.5.1
Wireless Setup ................................................................................20
5.5.2
Wireless Configuration...................................................................20
5.5.3
Wireless Security............................................................................21
5.5.4
Wireless Management ....................................................................24
5.5.4.1
Access List.......................................................................24
5.5.4.2
Associated Stations..........................................................24
5.5.4.3
Multiple SSID..................................................................24
5.6
Advanced........................................................................................25
5.6.1
WAN Connection ...........................................................................25
5.6.2
New Connection .............................................................................25
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5.6.3
ADSL Modulation ..........................................................................26
5.6.4
Quickstart .......................................................................................27
5.6.5
LAN Configuration ........................................................................28
5.6.6
LAN Clients ...................................................................................29
5.6.7
Ethernet Switch Configuration .......................................................30
5.6.8
Application (UPnP) ........................................................................30
5.6.9
SNTP ..............................................................................................31
5.6.10
SNMP .............................................................................................32
5.6.11
IP QoS ............................................................................................33
5.6.12
IGMP Multicast ..............................................................................34
5.6.13
Dynamic DNS Client......................................................................35
5.6.14
DNS Proxy .....................................................................................36
5.6.15
Easy Connect Configuration...........................................................36
5.6.16
Port Forwarding..............................................................................37
5.6.17
MAC Filtering (Bridge Filters) ......................................................38
5.6.18
Access Control................................................................................39
5.6.19
Static Routing .................................................................................40
5.6.20
Dynamic Routing............................................................................41
5.6.21
Routing Table .................................................................................42
5.6.22
System Password ............................................................................43
5.6.23
Firmware Upgrade..........................................................................44
5.6.24
Restore to Default...........................................................................45
5.7
Security...........................................................................................45
5.7.1
IP Filters .........................................................................................46
5.7.2
LAN Isolation.................................................................................46
5.7.3
URL Filter ......................................................................................47
5.8
Status ..............................................................................................48
5.8.1
Connection Status...........................................................................48
5.8.2
System Log.....................................................................................49
5.8.3
Remote Log Settings ......................................................................50
5.8.4
Network Statistics...........................................................................50
5.8.5
DHCP Clients .................................................................................51
5.8.6
Modem Status.................................................................................51
5.8.7
Product Information........................................................................52
5.9
Help ................................................................................................52
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List of Ilustrations
Figure
Page
Figure 1-1 : Wireless-G System Configuration Diagram.....................................................10
Figure 1-2 : Front Indicators ................................................................................................12
Figure 1-3 : Back Panel Indicators.......................................................................................13
Figure 1-4 : Wireless Router Connection Diagram..............................................................14
Figure 1-5 : Setup Page ........................................................................................................15
Figure 1-6 : Basic Home Screen ..........................................................................................16
Figure 1-7 : Quick Start Page...............................................................................................17
Figure 1-8 : Diagnostics Test Screen ...................................................................................18
Figure 1-9 : Diagnostics Test Screen ...................................................................................18
Figure 1-10: Diagnostic Test Result screen .........................................................................19
Figure 1-11 : Ping Test Screen.............................................................................................19
Figure 1-12: Wireless Setup Page ........................................................................................20
Figure 1-13 : Wireless Configuration Page..........................................................................21
Figure 1-14 : Wireless Security............................................................................................21
Figure 1-15: Wireless Security settings ...............................................................................22
Figure 1-16 : Wireless Security............................................................................................22
Figure 1-17 : Wireless Security............................................................................................23
Figure 1-18: Wireless Management .....................................................................................24
Figure 1-19 : Advanced Screen............................................................................................25
Figure 1-20 : New Connection (PPPOE Connection Setup)................................................26
Figure 1-21 : ADSL Modulation (Modem Setup)................................................................26
Figure 1-22 :Quickstart (PPPOE Connection Setup) ...........................................................28
Figure 1-23 : LAN Configuration ........................................................................................29
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Figure 1-24 : LAN Clients ...................................................................................................29
Figure 1-25 : Ethernet Switch Configuration.......................................................................30
Figure 1-26 : UPnP...............................................................................................................31
Figure 1-27 : SNTP ..............................................................................................................32
Figure 1-28 : SNMP Management .......................................................................................33
Figure 1-29 : IP QoS ............................................................................................................34
Figure 1-30 : IGMP Multicast..............................................................................................35
Figure 1-31 : Dynamic DNS Client......................................................................................35
Figure 1-32 : DNS Proxy .....................................................................................................36
Figure 1-33 : Easy Connect Configuration ..........................................................................37
Figure 1-34 : Port Forwarding..............................................................................................38
Figure 1-35 : MAC Filtering (Bridge Filters) ......................................................................39
Figure 1-36 : Access Control ...............................................................................................40
Figure 1-37 : Static Routing .................................................................................................41
Figure 1-38 : Dynamic Routing ...........................................................................................42
Figure 1-39 : Routing Table .................................................................................................42
Figure 1-40 : System Password............................................................................................43
Figure 1-41 : Firmware Upgrade..........................................................................................44
Figure 1-42 : Restore to Default prompt ..............................................................................45
Figure 1-43 : Security...........................................................................................................45
Figure 1-44 : IP Filters .........................................................................................................46
Figure 1-45 : LAN Isolation.................................................................................................46
Figure 1-46 : URL Filters.....................................................................................................47
Figure 1-47 : Status ..............................................................................................................48
Figure 1-48 : Connection Status...........................................................................................49
Figure 1-49 : System Log.....................................................................................................49
Figure 1-50 : Remote Log Settings ......................................................................................50
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Figure 1-51 : Network Statistics...........................................................................................50
Figure 1-52 : DHCP Clients .................................................................................................51
Figure 1-53 : Modem Status.................................................................................................51
Figure 1-54 : Product Information .......................................................................................52
Figure 1-55 : Help Screen ....................................................................................................52
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Declaration Of Conformity
Marking by the above symbol indicates compliance with the Essential Requirements of the
R&TTE Directive of the European Union (1999/5/EC). This equipment meets the following
conformance standards:
EN300 328, EN301 489-17, EN60950
Countries of Operation and Conditions of Use in the European Community
This device is intends to be operated in all countries of the European Community. Requirement
is for indoors vs. outdoors operation, license requirements and allowed channels of operation
apply in some countries as described in this document.
Note…
The user must use the configuration utility provided with this product to check
the current channel of operation and confirm that the devices operating in
conformance with the spectrum usage rules for the European Community
countries as described below.
If operation is occurring outside of the allowable channels as indicated in this guide, then the
user must cease operating the product and consult with the local technical support staff
responsible for the wireless network.
This device may be operated indoors or outdoors in all countries of the European Community
using the 2.4GHz band: Channels 1 – 13, except where noted below:
• In Italy the end-user must apply for a license from the national spectrum authority
to operate this device outdoors.
• In France outdoor operation is only permitted using the 2.4 – 2.454 GHz band:
Channels 1 – 7.
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Radio Frequency Interference Warnings & Instructions
(FCC ID: I38-DSL600EWR)
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment uses and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment
off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following methods:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver
• Connect the equipment into an electrical outlet on a circuit different from that
which the radio receiver is connected
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Modifications made to the product, unless expressly approved by the party responsible, could
void the user’s right to operate the equipment.
RF Exposure
This device has been tested and complies with FCC RF Exposure (SAR) limits in typical laptop
computer configurations and this device can be used in desktop or laptop computers with side
mounted PCMCIA slots, which can provide 1 cm separation distance from the antenna to the
body of the user or a nearby person. Thin laptop computers may need special attention to
maintain antenna spacing while operating. This device cannot be used with handheld PDAs
(personal digital assistants). Use in other configurations may not ensure compliance with FCC
RF exposure guidelines. This device and its antenna must not be co-located or operate in
conjunction with another antenna or transmitter.
WARNING
HIGH VOLTAGE
is used in the equipment. Make sure equipment is properly grounded
BEFORE opening. Failure to observe safety precautions may result in electric
shock to user.
CAUTION
Check voltages before connecting equipment to power supplies. Wrong
voltages applied may result in damage to equipment.
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Chapter 1 - About this Manual
1.1 Introduction
This manual provides a general product overview and description of its subsystems and
components and basic operation and preventive maintenance instructions of the ADSL 2/2+
Ready Wireless LAN 802.11g 4 Port Ethernet & USB Combo Router.
1.2 Scope and Purpose
This manual provides the following:
•
An overview of the Wireless-G system configuration and connectivity;
•
General description and specifications of the Wireless-G system components;
•
Operating instructions of the system and equipment;
1.3 Targeted Audience
This manual is designed and developed for the operators and users who are required to operate
and perform first-level maintenance of the ADSL 2/2+ Ready Wireless LAN 802.11g 4 Port
Ethernet & USB Combo Router. It assumes the user of this manual has basic knowledge and
experience in operating similar modem configuration and computer systems equipment.
1.4 Manual Organisation
The manual is divided into the following chapters:
1.
Chapter 1 – About this Manual; this chapter provides an introduction to the manual’s
scope and purpose, targeted audience and contents organisation.
2.
Chapter 2 – ADSL Router Description; this chapter provides the system configuration
diagram description on the system support features.
3.
Chapter 3 – Your Gateway At A Glance; this chapter provides an overview of the system
configuration, composition, connectivity and introduction and general description of the
ADSL 2/2+ Ready Wireless LAN 802.11g 4 Port Ethernet & USB Combo Router.
4.
Chapter 4 – Installing the ADSL Router; this chapter provides description of the ADSL
Router installation.
5.
Chapter 5 – Setting Up the ADSL Router; this chapter provides description of all function
within the Web User Interface.
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Chapter 2 – ADSL Router Description
The ADSL Wireless LAN 802.11g 4 Port Ethernet & USB Combo 4 Port Router is a high-speed
WAN bridge/router.
This full-featured product is specifically designed to allow maximum of 4 Ethernet-workstations
to be connected to the Internet and directly connect to your local area network via high speed
10/100 Mbps Ethernet. Users using wireless workstations will be able to connect to the Internet
using 802.11g wireless technology. The ADSL Router has also full NAT firewall and DMZ
services to block unwanted users from accessing your network.
For game users, the ADSL Router had already pre configured for several low latency game ports.
Just click on the game you are playing on line and the rest is done for you
The ADSL Router is fully compatible with all PCs; as long as the PC supports an Ethernet
interface and is running a TCP/IP protocol stack, your PC can have high-speed WAN access.
So, plug in the ADSL Router (refer to easy start guide), configure it (per your ISP’s
requirements) and enjoy the fast Internet access like never before. This router also provides
future proof functionality with higher data transmission rates with ADSL2,ADSL, Extended
Reach-ADSL support.
2.1
ADSL Router Overview
Fig 1-1 shows the system configuration diagram of a typical Wireless-G router connection.
Figure 1-1 : Wireless-G System Configuration Diagram
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Chapter 3 - Your Gateway At A Glance
The ADSL Wireless LAN 802.11g 4 Port Ethernet & USB Combo 4 Port Router may have
different ports and LEDs. Let’s take a look at the different options. Depending on your model, it
may have some or all of the features listed below.
3.1
Ports and Buttons
Reset and Restore to Factory Defaults: The restore to factory defaults feature will set the
ADSL Router to its factory default configuration by resetting the ADSL Router. You may need
to place the ADSL Router into its factory defaults if the configuration is changed, you lose the
ability to interface to the ADSL Router via the web interface, or following a software upgrade.
To reset the ADSL Router, simply press the reset button for about approximately 10 seconds.
The ADSL Router will be reset to its factory defaults and after about 30 ~ 40 seconds the ADSL
Router will become operational again.
LAN (local area network) E1 to E4 port(s): connects to Ethernet network devices, such as
aPC, hub, switch, or routers. The ports are 10/100 Base-T Auto-MDI/MDIX (allows either cross
or straight cable) Ethernet jack (RJ-45) to connect to your Ethernet Network card or Ethernet
Hub / Switch.
Power: This is where you connect the power. Make sure to observe the proper power
requirements. The required power is 9 volts.
USB (universal serial port): connects to a PC’s USB port. The ADSL Router only supports
Window’s based PCs via an RNDIS driver (included in the software).
DSL port: This is the WAN interface that connects directly to your phone line.
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3.2
ADSL Router Overview
3.2.1
Front Indicators
Fig 1-2 shows the front indicators of the Wireless-G router.
4
1
2
3
6
5
Figure 1-2 : Front Indicators
1. POWER - Lights up when power is supplied to the ADSL Router.
2. ETHERNET (E1 ~ E4) - Lights up when the Ethernet cable is properly connected from
your ADSL Router to the Ethernet Card. It flickers when the ADSL is
transmitting/receiving data.
3. WIRELESS - Flickers when the Wireless LAN is operational.
USB - Lights up when the USB cable is properly connected from your ADSL Router to
the USB slot. Lights Off when the USB cable is not connected or it is properly
disconnected.
DSL - LED lights off when no Telephone jack (RJ-11) is connected. Flickers when the
ADSL Router is trying to establish a connection with the ADSL Service Provider
(Training). Steady Green LED lights up when the ADSL connection is established.
6. Internet - Green LED lights up when the PPP connection is established. Lights off
when no PPP connection.
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3.2.2
Back Panel
Fig 1-3 shows the back panel indicators of the Wireless-G router.
7
4
E1
1
2
3
5
6
Figure 1-3 : Back Panel Indicators
1. DSL - Connect the telephone jack (RJ-11) to your Telephone Wall Socket (DSL line).
2. USB - Connect the USB jack to your PC’s USB slot.
3. RESET - To reset your ADSL Router to factory default settings (all customised settings
that you have saved will be lost!). To reset the ADSL Router, simply press the reset
button for about 10 seconds.
4. ETHERNET (E1-E4) - 10/100 Base-T Auto-MDI/MDIX Ethernet jack (RJ-45) to
connect to your PC’s Ethernet Network card or Ethernet Hub / Switch.
5. DC 9V - To connect to the Power Adapter that comes with your package.
6. POWER SWITCH - To power on or off the modem. Push downwards to switch ON and
lift upwards to OFF.
7. RF Antenna - 180° 2.4Ghz Wireless Antenna.
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Chapter 4 - Installing The ADSL Router
1.
Locate a suitable location for the ADSL Router. For connections to the Ethernet and DSL
interfaces, please refer to the Easy Start Manual.
2.
Connect the AC Power Adapter. Depending upon the type of network, you may want to
put the power supply on an uninterruptible supply (UPS).
Note…
Only use the power adapter supplied with the ADSL Router. A different
adapter may damage the product.
Fig 1-4 shows the Wireless 4-port Router connection diagram.
Figure 1-4 : Wireless Router Connection Diagram
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Chapter 5 - Setting Up the ADSL Router
The basic tabs consist of features which are catered for basic users.
This section will guide you through your ADSL Router’s configuration. The ADSL Router is
shipped with a standard PPP configuration..
5.1
Logging into your ADSL Router
To configure your ADSL Router, open your web browser. You may get an error message at this
point; this is normal.
1.
Type the default IP address (192.168.1.1) or login.router on on the web address bar.
2.
Press the Enter key and the following screen will appear.
Note…
Before setting up your ADSL Router, make sure you have followed the easy start
guide. You should have your computers configured for DHCP mode and have
proxies disabled on your browser. Upon accessing the ADSL Router, if the
browser still displays a login redirection screen, you should check your
browser's setting and ensure that the JavaScript support is enabled. If the
screen shown in Figure 1-3 is not attainable, you must delete your temporary
Internet files to clear the web cache.
Upon entering the default IP address or the short-cut name (login.router), if the user is first time
login, the user will be brought to the “Setup Wizard” page. See Fig 1.5
Figure 1-5 : Setup Page
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If you are not logging in for the first time, the router will direct you to the “Home Page”. See Fig
1-6.
Figure 1-6 : Basic Home Screen
5.2
Quick Start
By default the ADSL Router has being configured to PPP connection and user is only required to
enter the username and password (as specified by the local ISP) to connect to the Internet.
The Quick Start page is meant for basic users whom only require easy connectivity to the
Internet without worrying about any other advance configuration setting. If you are in doubt for
what content to enter for the Protocol, VPI and VCI, please contact your Service Provider for
assistance.
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Note. . .
After clicking on Connect, please be sure to click on “Save Settings” to register
the username / password or any other changes.
Click here to save settings
Figure 1-7 : Quick Start Page
5.3
LAN / DHCP Configuration
On one side of your ADSL Router, you have your own Local Area network (LAN) connections.
This is where you plug in your local computers to the ADSL Router. The ADSL Router is
normally configured to automatically provide all the PC'
s on your network with Internet
addresses.
To enable or disable DHCP, Click setup. Under LAN Setup, select DHCP Configuration. The
Start IP Address is where the DHCP server starts issuing IP addresses. This value must be
greater than the ADSL Router IP address value. For example if the ADSL Router IP address is
192.168.1.1 (default) than the starting IP address must be 192.168.1. 2 (or higher).
The End IP Address is where the DHCP server stops issuing IP addresses. The ending address
cannot exceed a subnet limit of 254. Hence the max value for our default gateway is
192.168.1.254. If the DHCP server runs out of DHCP addresses, users will not get access to
network resources. If this happens you can increase the Ending IP address (to the limit of 255)
or reduce the lease time. The Lease Time is the amount of time a network user will be allowed
connection to the ADSL Router with their current dynamic IP address. The amount of time is in
units of minutes; the default value is 3600 minutes (60 hours).
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Note: If you change the start or end values, make sure the values are still within the same subnet
as the gateways IP address. In other words, if the gateways IP address is 192.168.1.1 (default)
and you change the DHCP start/end IP addresses to be 192.128.1.2/192.128.1.100, you will not
be able to communicate to the ADSL Router if your PC has DHCP enabled. In addition to the
DHCP server feature, the ADSL Router supports the DHCP relay function. When the ADSL
Router is configured as DHCP server, it assigns the IP addresses to the LAN clients. When the
ADSL Router is configured as DHCP relay, it is responsible for forwarding the requests and
responses negotiating between the DHCP clients and the server.
By turning off the DHCP server and relay the network administrator must carefully configure the
IP address, Subnet Mask and DNS settings of every computer on your network. Do not assign
the same IP address to more than one computer and your ADSL Router must be on the same
subnet as all the other computers.
Figure 1-8 : Diagnostics Test Screen
5.4
Diagnostic Test
Diagnostic Test is used for investigating whether the ADSL Router is properly connected to the
WAN Network. See Fig 1-9. This test may take a few seconds to complete. To perform the test,
select your connection from the list and press the Test button. Before running this test, make
sure you have a valid DSL link.
Figure 1-9 : Diagnostics Test Screen
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After running the Diagnostic Test, the screen will indicate the portion which pass or fail the test.
Please click on the Help links, which will provide remedy to the problem as shown in Fig 1-10.
The purpose of the “Fix It “ button is to restore the router’s VPI and VCI to its originated setting.
Figure 1-10: Diagnostic Test Result screen
5.4.1
Ping Test
Once you have your ADSL Router configured, ensure you can ping the network. You can access
the Ping Test page by clicking on the “here” hyperlink in Diagnostic Page. Type the target
address that you want to ping. If your PC is connected to the ADSL Router via the default
DHCP configuration, you should be able to Ping the network address 192.168.1.1. See Fig 1-11.
If your ISP has provided their server address, try to ping the address. If the pings for both the
WAN and the LAN sides are complete and you have the proper protocols configured, you should
be able to surf the Internet. By default when you select ping test, the ADSL Router will ping
itself 3 times. The ADSL Router passed the Ping test; this basically means that the TCP/IP
protocol is up and running. If this first Ping test does not pass, the TCP/IP protocol is not loaded
for some reason; you should restart the ADSL Router.
Figure 1-11 : Ping Test Screen
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5.5
Wireless
5.5.1
Wireless Setup
The SSID default which is set as “yournetworkname” by default. It can be changed. SSID is
wireless network name for the wireless router. Your wireless client will need this name for
wireless connection. The wireless setup allows the user to enable or disable the AP (access point
for the wireless feature). Disabling of A.P will prevent the wireless router from emitting any
wireless signal. User can make change to the Country selection, which is set to default as
Singapore. See Fig 1-12.
Figure 1-12: Wireless Setup Page
5.5.2
Wireless Configuration
For users who want to explore the advanced features, you can click on the Advanced button. The
options listed can be changed to cater for advance users. See Fig 1-13.
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Figure 1-13 : Wireless Configuration Page
5.5.3
Wireless Security
It is important for user to enforce security in wireless LAN environment, this is to prevent
unauthorized wireless users from accessing your router. By default, the ‘None’ radio button is
selected. See Fig 1-14.
Figure 1-14 : Wireless Security
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In order to implement security, proceed with the following steps. See Fig 1-15
1.
Select the WEP option.
2.
Check on “Enable WEP Wireless Security” option.
3.
Select the “Cipher”option, the available options are 64 bits, 128 bits and 256 bits.
4.
You can configure up to 4 sets of keys for your wireless client.
Figure 1-15: Wireless Security settings
Enter the IP Address of the RADIUS Server (for 802.1x authentication purposes). This is used
only when you have a RADIUS Server and want to use it for authentication. Almost all homes
and offices do not have a RADIUS Server.
Figure 1-16 : Wireless Security
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WPA is the short term for WiFi Protected Access. WPA is an industry-supported, pre-standard
version of 802.11i that utilizes the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which fixes the
problems of WEP, which includes using dynamic keys.
Figure 1-17 : Wireless Security
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5.5.4
Wireless Management
Wireless Management consists of Aceess List, Associated Stations and Multiple SSID.
5.5.4.1
Access List
This feature permits you to “Allow” or “Ban” any wireless client from accessing the wireless
router. You must add the MAC address of the client’s wireless LAN card.
5.5.4.2
Associated Stations
Wireless client which are connected to the wireless router will be displayed in this screen. You
are able to ban this station by clicking on the “Ban Station” option. Then click on “Apply”
button.
5.5.4.3
Multiple SSID
This router supports multiple SSID, which means that you can set more than one SSID for this
router.
Figure 1-18: Wireless Management
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5.6
Advanced
This mode is catered for advance users, a brief explanation of the links are listed as shown
below.
Figure 1-19 : Advanced Screen
5.6.1
WAN Connection
On the other side of the ADSL Router is where your Wide Area Network (WAN) connection;
also referred to as a broadband connection. This WAN connection is different for every WAN
supplier. Most of the configuration you will perform will be in this area. Local Area Network
Connection(s)
5.6.2
New Connection
A new connection is a virtual connection. Your ADSL Router can support up to 8 different
(unique) virtual connections. If you have multiple different virtual connections, you may need to
utilize the static and dynamic routing capabilities of the modem to pass data correctly.
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Figure 1-20 : New Connection (PPPOE Connection Setup)
5.6.3
ADSL Modulation
To configure the DSL modulation type, Click setup. Under WAN Setup, select Modem Setup.
This will bring up the modem setup screen. Leave the default value if you are unsure or the
DSL/ISP did not provide this information. In most cases, this screen should not be modified.
Figure 1-21 : ADSL Modulation (Modem Setup)
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5.6.4
Quickstart
PPPoE is also known as RFC 2516. It is a method of encapsulating PPP packets over Ethernet.
PPP or Point-to-Point protocol is a method of establishing a network connection/session between
network hosts. It usually provides a mechanism of authenticating users.
To configure the gateway for PPPoE, click on Setup and then click on New Connection. The
default PPPoE connection setup is displayed. At the Type field select PPPoE and the PPPoE
connection setup page is displayed. Give your PPPoE connection a unique name; the name must
not have spaces and cannot begin with numbers. In this case the unique name is called PPPoE1.
Select the encapsulation type (LLC or VC); if you are not sure just use the default mode. Select
the VPI and VCI settings; your DSL service provider or your ISP will supply these; in this case
the DSL service provider is using 0,100. Also select the quality of service (QOS); leave the
default value if you are unsure or the ISP did not provide this information. See Fig 1-22
Following is a description of the different options:
1.
Username: The username for the PPPoE access; this is provided by your DSL service
provider or your ISP.
2.
Password: The password for the PPPoE access; this is provided by your DSL service
provider or your ISP.
3.
On-Demand: Enables on-demand mode. The connection will disconnect if no activity is
detected after the specified idle timeout value.
4.
Idle Timeout: Specifies that PPPoE connection should disconnect if the link has no activity
detected for n seconds. This field is used in conjunction with the On-Demand feature. To
ensure that the link is always active, enter a 0 in this field.
5.
Keep Alive: When on-demand option is not enable, this value specifies the time to wait
without being connected to your provider before terminating the connection. To ensure that
the link is always active, enter a 0 in this field.
6.
Set Route: Specify this connection as the default-route.
7.
Enforce MTU: Check this box if you experience problems accessing the Internet over a
PPPoE connection. This feature will force all TCP traffic to conform with PPP MTU by
changing TCP Maximum Segment Size to PPP MTU.
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Figure 1-22 :Quickstart (PPPOE Connection Setup)
5.6.5
LAN Configuration
You can change the ADSL Router’s IP address by, clicking Setup and under LAN Setup, select
LAN Configuration, then click Configure.
Your ADSL Router’s default IP address and subnet mask are 192.168.1.1/255.255.255.0; this
subnet mask will allow the ADSL Router to support 254 users. If you want to support a larger
number of users you can change the subnet mask; but remember. The DHCP server is defaulted
to only give out 255 IP addresses. Further remember that if you change your gateways’ IP
address and you have DHCP enabled, the DHCP configuration must reside within the same
subnet The default gateway is the routing device used to forward all traffic that is not addressed
to a station within the local subnet. Your ISP will provide you with the default gateway Address.
The hostname can be any alphanumeric word that does not contain spaces. The domain name is
used to in conjunction with the host name to uniquely identify the gateway. To access the ADSL
Router’s web pages the user can type 192.168.1.1 (the default IP address) or type
mygateway.ar7. The apply button will temporarily save this connection. To make the change
permanent you need to click on Save Settings (at the side of the page). At the system commands
page, click on Save Settings.
Refer to Figure 1-23
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Figure 1-23 : LAN Configuration
5.6.6
LAN Clients
To add a LAN client select LAN clients, under LAN. If DHCP is used, all DHCP clients are
automatically assigned. If a fixed IP address server is on the LAN and you want this server to be
visible via the WAN, you must add its IP address. Once the IP address has been added to you can
apply Port Forwarding and Access Control rules to this IP address.
Figure 1-24 : LAN Clients
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5.6.7
Ethernet Switch Configuration
The IGMP Snooping prevents the switch from flooding the LAN ports with multicast frames,
and will instead direct them to the CPU port for processing. Users are able to specify connection
speed and set their values accordingly from the following available options. See Fig 1-25.
• Auto
• 10/Half Duplex
• 10/Full Duplex
• 100/Half Duplex
• 100/Full Duplex
Figure 1-25 : Ethernet Switch Configuration
5.6.8
Application (UPnP)
UPnP NAT and Firewall Traversal allow traffic to pass-thru the ADSL Router for applications
using the UPnP protocol. This feature requires one active DSL connection. In presence of
multiple DSL connections, select the one over, which the incoming traffic will be present, for
example the default Internet connection.
To enable UPnP, you must first have a WAN connection configured. Once a WAN connection is
configured, click Advanced and under Advanced, select UPnP. You must enable UPnP and then
select which connection will utilize UPnP. In this case the PPPoA connection is enabled. See Fig
1-26.
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Figure 1-26 : UPnP
5.6.9
SNTP
SNTP (Simple Network Timing Protocol) is a protocol used to synchronize the system time to
the public SNTP servers. When the SNTP feature is enabled, your DSL600EW will start
querying for the time clock information from the primary SNTP server. If it fails to get a valid
response within the “timeout” period, it will try for “retry” number of times, before moving to
the Secondary SNTP server. If it fails to get a valid response from Secondary STNP server
within valid retry times, it starts querying Tertiary SNTP server. If it fails to get a valid response
from all the servers, then the program stops. When a valid response is received from one of the
server, the program sleeps for “Polling_interval” amount of minutes, before starting the whole
process again. Use the following procedures to enable SNTP.
1.
Check Enable SNTP.
2.
Primary SNTP Server - The IP address or the host name of the primary SNTP server.
3.
Secondary SNTP Server - The IP address or the host name of the secondary SNTP server.
4.
Tertiary SNTP Server - The IP address or the host name of the tertiary SNTP server.
5.
Timeout - If the DSL600EW failed to connect to a SNTP server within the ‘Timeout’
period, it will retry the connection.
6.
Polling Interval - Time between a successful connection with a SNTP server and a new
attempt to connect to an SNTP server.
7.
Retry Count - The number of times the DSL600EW will try to connect to an SNTP server
before it try to connect to the next server in line.
8.
Time Zone - The time zone of the DSL600EW.
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9.
Day Light - Check/uncheck this option to enable/disable day light saving. See Fig 1-27
Figure 1-27 : SNTP
5.6.10
SNMP
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is a troubleshooting and management protocol,
which uses the UDP protocol on port 161 to communicate between clients and servers. SNMP
uses a manager MIB (management information base) agent solution to fulfill the network
management needs. The agent is a separate station that can request data from an SNMP agent in
each of the different managed system in the network. The agent uses the MIBs as dictionaries of
manageable objects. Each SNMP-managed device has at least one agent that can respond to the
queries from the NMS. The SNMP agent supports GETS, SETS, and TRAPS for 4 groups with
MIB-II: System, Interface, IP, and ICMP. The SNMP agent supports three-community names
authentication.
See Fig 1-28
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Figure 1-28 : SNMP Management
5.6.11
IP QoS
When QoS is enabled in the AR7, the designated machine, application or person would have
precedence over peers when competing for bandwidth. The IP QoS Setup page allows you to
configure QoS for a connection, view previously configured QoS rules, add a new rule, or delete
an existing rule. Each output device has three priority queues associated with transmit data. The
high priority queues have strict priority over the medium priority and low priority queues, and
therefore can exhaust all available bandwidth. The web UI will allow the user to select the
weights of the medium and low priority queues in increments of 10 percent so that that the sum
of the weights of the 2 queues is equal to 100 percent. These queues will be serviced on a Round
Robin priority basis according to the weights assigned, after the high priority queues have been
completely serviced.
See Fig 1-28.
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Figure 1-29 : IP QoS
5.6.12
IGMP Multicast
If the ADSL Router is connected to more than one network, you may need to set up a static route
between them. A static route is a pre-defined pathway that network information must travel to
reach a specific host or network. You can use static routing to allow different IP domain users to
access the Internet through the ADSL Router.
The New Destination IP is the address of the remote LAN network or host to which you want to
assign a static route. Enter the IP address of the host for which you wish to create a static route
here. For a standard Class C IP domain, the network address is the first three fields of the New
Destination IP, while the last field should be 0. The Subnet Mask identifies which portion of an
IP address is the network portion, and which portion is the host portion. For a full Class C
Subnet, the Subnet Mask is 255.255.255.0. The Gateway IP address should be the IP address of
the gateway device that allows for contact between the Gateway and the remote network or host.
The Hop Count determines the maximum number of steps between network nodes that data
packets will travel. A node is any device on the network (such as a router or switch).
See Fig 1-30.
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Figure 1-30 : IGMP Multicast
5.6.13
Dynamic DNS Client
Dynamic DNS allows the user to register with a Dynamic DNS Provider as listed. The dynamic
DNS will be linked with the WAN IP of the router even after the ISP update the WAN IP to
another IP address. It can be useful in web hosting and FTP services. See Fig 1-31.
*Note: The Username/Password entered should be similar to the Username/Password you have
specified during the registration of the DNS hostname.
Figure 1-31 : Dynamic DNS Client
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5.6.14
DNS Proxy
This feature allows the user to select the (Domain Name Server) DNS Server Priority as well as
enter IP addresses for Primary DNS and secondary DNS.
See Fig 1-32.
Figure 1-32 : DNS Proxy
5.6.15
Easy Connect Configuration
Easy Connect feature allow user to surf web with ease without the need to changes default
configuration setting, ie TCP/IP, Proxy, DNS of user’s PC. See Fig 1-33.
There are 4 features on Easy Connect:
1.
Auto IP: All valid TCP/IP setting on user’s PC can surf web via ADSL modem routers
without the need to change the IP address to the same subnet as the router or set to “Obtain
an IP address automatically”.
2.
Auto DNS: Any DNS IP address set at user’s PC irregardless whether the address is valid
or invalid DNS, Auto DNS still allow user’s PC to surf the web.
3.
Auto Proxy: Any valid Private IP proxy setting with any port number, ie 1234 on the web
browser such as Internet Explorer, Auto Proxy still allow PC to surf the web. Any Public
IP proxy setting will assume the proxy is valid and hence Auto Proxy function will not
take place.
Note…
The port number to be used must be specify in both the web browser and the
Auto Proxy Ports.
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Private IP Ranges
Class A: 10.0.0.0 ~ 10.255.255.255
Class B: 172.16.0.0 ~ 172.31.255.255
Class C: 192.168.0.0 ~ 192.168.255.255
4.
Auto NetBIOS: It allow proxy server to use any NetBIOS name which the Auto NetBIOS
still allow PC to surf the web with a condition that the router gateway MUST be inPrivate
IP Ranges.
Figure 1-33 : Easy Connect Configuration
5.6.16
Port Forwarding
Using the Port Forwarding page, you can provide local services (for example web hosting) for
people on the Internet or play Internet games. When users send this type of request to your
network via the Internet, the ADSL Router will forward those requests to the appropriate PC.
Port forwarding can be used with DHCP assigned addresses but remember that a DHCP address
is dynamic (not static). For example, if you were configuring a Netmeeting server, you would
want to assign this server a static IP address so that the IP address is not reassigned. Also
remember that if an Internet user is trying to access an Internet application, they must use the
WAN IP address. The port forwarding will translate the WAN IP address into a LAN IP
address.
To configure a service, game, or other application select the external connection (for example the
Internet connection), from the Home screen, click Advanced and under Advanced, select Port
Forwarding. Next select the computer hosting the service and add the corresponding firewall
rule. If you want to add a custom application, select the User category, click New and fill in the
port, protocols and description for your application. For example, if you want to host a
Netmeeting session, from the Home screen, click Advanced and under Advanced, select Port
Forwarding. First select the IP address for your Netmeeting server. Next select the Audio/Video
category and add Netmeeting to the applied rules box. To view the management rules, highlight
Netmeeting and select view; this will display the pre configured protocols and ports that
Netmeeting will use. Now assuming that your WAN connection is correct, you can run
Netmeeting from your server and call users that are on the Internet. If you know your WAN IP
address, users can call you. See Fig 1-34.
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Figure 1-34 : Port Forwarding
5.6.17
MAC Filtering (Bridge Filters)
The bridge filtering mechanism provides a way for the users to define rules to allow/deny frames
through the bridge based on source MAC address, destination MAC address and/or frame type.
When bridge filtering is enabled, each frame is examined against the each defined filter rules
sequentially. When a matched is determined, the appropriate filtering action (determined by the
access type selected ... i.e. allow or deny) is performed. Please note that the bridge filter will only
examine frames from interfaces, which are part of the bridge itself. Twenty filter rules are
supported with bridge filtering. See Fig 1-35.
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Figure 1-35 : MAC Filtering (Bridge Filters)
5.6.18
Access Control
Access control allows you to open the access from the Internet LAN to the following
management ports of the DSL600ER:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Telnet
Web
FTP
TFTP
Secure Shell (SSH)
SNMP
Fig 1-36 shows the default Access Control screen. The Access Control is disabled by default,
remote management from the WAN side IP addresses is denied, most services from the LAN
side IP addresses is enabled. Remember to :
1.
Check Enable Access Control to enable this feature. (This will enable the IP Access List
field)
2.
You can select an IP from the IP Access List, or enter a new IP and check ADD
3.
Change the LAN and / or WAN configurations of the IP address
4.
Click Apply
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Figure 1-36 : Access Control
5.6.19
Static Routing
If the ADSL Router is connected to more than one network, you may need to set up a static route
between them. A static route is a pre-defined pathway that network information must travel to
reach a specific host or network. You can use static routing to allow different IP domain users to
access the Internet through the ADSL Router.
The New Destination IP is the address of the remote LAN network or host to which you want to
assign a static route. Enter the IP address of the host for which you wish to create a static route
here. For a standard Class C IP domain, the network address is the first three fields of the New
Destination IP, while the last field should be 0. The Subnet Mask identifies which portion of an
IP address is the network portion, and which portion is the host portion. For a full Class C
Subnet, the Subnet Mask is 255.255.255.0. The Gateway IP address should be the IP address of
the gateway device that allows for contact between the Gateway and the remote network or host.
The Hop Count determines the maximum number of steps between network nodes that data
packets will travel. A node is any device on the network (such as a router or switch)
See Fig 1-37
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Figure 1-37 : Static Routing
5.6.20
Dynamic Routing
Dynamic Routing allows the ADSL Router to automatically adjust to physical changes in the
network. The ADSL Router, using the RIP protocol, determines the network packets’ route
based on the fewest number of hops between the source and the destination. The RIP protocol
regularly broadcasts routing information to other ADSL Routers on the network. The Direction
determines the direction that RIP routes will be updated. Selecting In means that the ADSL
Router will only incorporate received RIP information. Selecting Out means that the ADSL
Router will only send out RIP information. Selecting both means that the ADSL Router will
incorporate received RIP information and send out updated RIP information.
The protocol is dependent upon the entire network. Most networks support Rip v1. If RIP v1 is
selected, routing data will be sent in RIP v1 format. If Rip V2 is selected, routing data will be
sent in RIP v2 format using subnet broadcasting. If Rip V1 Compatible is selected, routing data
will be sent in RIP v2 format using multicasting.
See Fig 1-38.
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Figure 1-38 : Dynamic Routing
5.6.21
Routing Table
Routing Table shows the information used by routers when making packet forwarding decisions.
Packets are routed according to the packet'
s destination IP address. See Fig 1-39.
Figure 1-39 : Routing Table
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5.6.22
System Password
You can change your ADSL Router’s username and password by clicking on User Management.
From here you can change the login name and password. You can also change the idle timeout;
you will need to log back onto the ADSL Router once the timeout expires. If you forget your
password, you can press and hold the reset to factory defaults button for 10 seconds (or more).
The ADSL Router will reset to its factory default configuration and all custom configurations
will be lost. See Fig 1-40.
Figure 1-40 : System Password
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5.6.23
Firmware Upgrade
You can upgrade the ADSL Router’s firmware, clicking on Update Gateway under the Tools
page. To upgrade the firmware, click browse, find the firmware file to download. Make sure this
is the correct file. Click on upgrade firmware. Once the upgrade is complete the ADSL Router
will reboot. You will need to log back onto the ADSL Router after the firmware upgrade is
completed. The firmware upgrade should take about 5 minutes to complete. Note: Do not
remove power from the ADSL Router during the firmware upgrade procedure. See Fig 1-41.
Figure 1-41 : Firmware Upgrade
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5.6.24
Restore to Default
The restore to factory defaults feature will set the ADSL Router to its factory default
configuration by resetting the ADSL Router. You may need to place the ADSL Router into its
factory defaults if the configuration is changed, you lose the ability to interface to the ADSL
Router via the web interface, or following a software upgrade,. To reset the ADSL Router,
simply press the reset button for about ~ 10 seconds. The ADSL Router will be reset to its
factory defaults and after about 30 ~ 40 seconds the ADSL Router will become operational
again.
A prompt as the one shown in Fig 1-42 will pop-up.
Figure 1-42 : Restore to Default prompt
5.7
Security
The security feature section allows users to configure the following:
• IP Filters
• LAN Isolation
• URL Filters
Figure 1-43 : Security
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5.7.1
IP Filters
IP filter is identical to what Port blocking to Access Control. Fig 1-44 demonstrates that the
router will block workstations with the IP in the defined range of 192.168.1.5 to 192.168.1.20
and port range from 2000 to 3000.
Figure 1-44 : IP Filters
5.7.2
LAN Isolation
LAN isolation allows you to disable the flow of packets between up to three-user-defined LAN
groups (WLAN, USB, and Ethernet). This allows you to secure information in private portions
of the LAN from other, publicly accessible LAN segments.
Figure 1-45 : LAN Isolation
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5.7.3
URL Filter
This feature allows the router to block access to certain websites by examining its URL, a text
string describing a unique location on the Internet. If the URL contains a blocked keyword, then
access to that website will be denied.
Figure 1-46 : URL Filters
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5.8
Status
This status section allows users to view the following connections and interfaces:
• Connection Status
• System Log
• Remote Log
• Network Statistics
• DHCP Clients
• Modem Status
• Product Information
Figure 1-47 : Status
5.8.1
Connection Status
Connection Status will display all the relevant information regarding your Internet Connection, it
will display the type of protocol used, the WAN IP address, the connection state and the duration
will be displayed..
See Fig 1-48.
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Figure 1-48 : Connection Status
5.8.2
System Log
You can display the ADSL Router’s log by going under the Status title, click System log. From
here you can view all logged information. Depending upon the severity level, this logged info
will generate log reports to a remote host (if remote logging is enabled).
Figure 1-49 : System Log
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5.8.3
Remote Log Settings
This feature is for users to enable remote logging. Settings mentioned below are essential for this
feature to work:
• Log Level
• Adding / Deleting IP address
• Logging destination
Figure 1-50 : Remote Log Settings
5.8.4
Network Statistics
Information regarding the Status and Statistics of your Ethernet, USB and DSL line will be
displayed.
Figure 1-51 : Network Statistics
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5.8.5
DHCP Clients
Shows the users connected. It also shows the MAC address, IP address, host name and lease
time.
Figure 1-52 : DHCP Clients
5.8.6
Modem Status
This screen will display the Modem status and DSL statistics.
Figure 1-53 : Modem Status
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5.8.7
Product Information
This screen will show a summary of all the product information and software version that comes
bundled with the ADSL Router.
Figure 1-54 : Product Information
5.9
Help
The Help screen takes you to the different Help Sections for Firewall, Bridge Filters, LAN
Clients, LAN Group Configurations, PPP Connection, UPnP, IP QoS and RIP Help.
Figure 1-55 : Help Screen
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