iPods 101:
INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………. 4
Windows PC ……………………………………………… 6
Macintosh ………………………………………………….7
Preparing Your iPod ……………………………………8
Playing Music ……………………………………………..9
CHAPTER 2: IPOD CONTROLS …………………………… 10
Wheel Functions ………………………………………. 11
MUSIC ……………………………………………………………. 14
Transfer Music Automatically ……………………...15
Transfer From Camera To Computer ……………17
Transfer From Computer To iPod …………………18
Transfer From Camera To iPod ……………………22
Copy Songs From iPod to Computer ……………..25
Optimize Your Import Settings …………………….29
Importing …………………………………………………30
Audio Hardware ………………………………………..35
Start Recording …………………………………………37
Recording The Signal ………………………………..43
Adding The Signal To Your iPod ………………….45
CHAPTER 12: THE BOOM BOX …………………………...45
Access The Smart Playlist Dialog ………………..49
Create Your List ………………………………………..50
Track Attributes ………………………………………..50
The Shuffle Buttons ……………………………………54
The Lights On Your Shuffle …………………………56
iPod Preferences ……………………………………….58
CONCLUSION …………………………………………………..59
Since the iPod was first introduce over fours ago is has
proven to be a versatile little tool. Even though the
architecture is tightly closed, hackers have managed to find
their way in so that they can make modifications. Software
developers and creators of content have made it possible
for you to use the iPod to keep all kinds of information at
your finger tips. Besides being a unique way to carry
around your music wherever you go, the iPod can be used
for many other purposes.
Most people buy an iPod for the obvious reasons. The iPod
works with your computer so that you can import music
and organize your songs and photos. These files are then
transferred to your iPod so that you can listen to them and
view them wherever you go.
But your iPod is so much more that just a player for music.
Some of the incredible things that you can do with your
iPod include:
 Store up to thousands of songs from your private
music collection so that you can listen to them
wherever you want to take them.
 Store up to thousands of digital photos. This is ideal
for viewing whenever you want as well as for backing
up your digital photos until you can transfer them to
your computer.
 Import photos from your digital camera by using the
iPod Camera Connector. This is ideal for when you are
traveling and your digital camera care is full.
 Look at your photos through a slideshow. You can add
music to the slideshow and view it on your television.
This is done by using the iPod AV Cable.
 Listen to audiobooks. You can find audiobooks at the
iTunes Music Store or at www.audible.com.
 You can create On-The-Go playlists. Playlists are
great for arrange music that you want to listen to at a
certain place and time, such as a work-out playlist for
working out at the gym.
 You can use your iPod as an external hard drive. This
is great of storing files or backing up data.
 You can change the equalizer settings on your iPod to
make your music sound as great as possible.
 You can store all of your contact information and
synchronize it to your calendar.
 You can record your own voice memos. This is done
by purchasing an optional microphone.
 You can play games.
The following pages outline some of the creative things that
you can do with your iPod.
One you purchase your iPod, getting started is easy! Apple
has made it easy since the instructions included with your
iPod are accurate and concise. Depending on what
computer operating system you have, the instructions will
vary slightly.
Windows PC
To use your iPod with Windows PC you need the following
minimum essentials:
 A built in high power USB 2.0 (or higher) or a built in
 Windows 2000 OS with Service Pack 4 or Windows XP
Home or Professional with Service Pack 2.
 iTunes. Make sure that you are running the latest
version, 4.7 or higher. You should find iTunes on the
CD that is included with your iPod purchase.
 Software for your iPod. You should find the software
on the CD that is included with your iPod purchase.
Note that your iPod can be used to import photo collections
directly from Adobe Photoshop Album. Keep in mind that
this is optional software. You can also import your digital
photos directly from your computer or directly from your
digital camera.
If you have a Macintosh computer you will need the
following minimum essentials:
 A built in high power USB 2.0 (or higher) or a built in
 Macintosh OS X v10.2.8 or Macintosh OS X v10.3.4 or
 iTunes. Make sure that you are running the latest
version, 4.7 or higher. You should find iTunes on the
CD that is included with your iPod purchase. Make
sure that you have the latest version of iTunes by
checking out the iTunes website at
 Software for your iPod. You should find the software
on the CD that is included with your iPod purchase.
Preparing your iPod
Before you start using your iPod you will need to prepare it
for use. You will need to charge the battery, install the
software, and take the time to import songs from your CD
collection or from music folders on your computer. Don’t
forget that you can also purchase songs from the iTunes
Music Store. The following steps will guide you in correctly
preparing your iPod for its first use:
1. Charging the battery: Your iPod will be 80%
charged in three hours and fully charged in five
hours. Connect your iPod to the Power Adapter by
using the iPod Dock Connector to USB 2.0 (or
higher) cable.
2. Software installation: Put the iPod CD into your CD
drive. Follow the instructions to install both the
iPod software as well as iTunes.
Now you are ready to import music to your computer from
your CD collection if you haven’t already done so. You
have two options when it comes to obtaining music for your
iPod: (1) importing to your computer from a CD, or (2)
buying music online at iTunes. To import music from a CD
use the following steps:
1. Choose a CD and put it into your CD drive. Once
iTunes has been installed it will open automatically
and the CD that you have inserted will appear in the
iTunes Source list.
2. Check off any songs that you don’t want to transfer.
Click on import.
3. Continue this process for all of the music CDs that you
want to transfer to your computer.
To buy music online use the following steps:
1. Open up the iTunes software program. From the
Source List click on Music Store.
2. Select the Account option. Set up your account so
that you can purchase music online. Keep in mind
that this service is not available in all countries.
Playing Music
Once you have finished transferring your selected music
you will be prompted with a message that says okay to
disconnect. Disconnecting is easy by squeezing both sides
of the dock connector before you remove it from your iPod.
Use the wheel on your iPod to choose a song to play.
Press any button your iPod to activate it so that the main
menu displays. You will quickly learn to use the click wheel
in combination with the select button to move through the
menus on the screen. You will also use the wheel and
button to look at information, change the settings of your
iPod, and play music. Use your thumb to move the wheel
and highlight a menu option. When you want to select a
menu option all you have to do is press the select button.
If you want to return to the previous menu selection simply
use the wheel to press on the menu option.
Wheel Functions
Following are some basic wheel functions that you will want
to get the hang of using:
 Tuning the iPod: Press any button.
 Turning off the iPod: Press the play/pause button and
hold down.
 Selecting an item on the menu: Use the wheel to
scroll to the menu item. Press and hold the select
 Return to the previous menu: Press and hold the
menu button.
 Searching for a song: Choose the music option which
is found on the main menu.
 Playing a song: Make sure the song that you want to
play is highlighted. Press the play/pause button or
select. Remember that your iPod must be
disconnected from your computer before you can play
any songs.
 Playing an entire album: Make sure that the album,
or playlist, that you want to play is highlighted. Press
the play/pause button.
 Changing the volume: This is done when you are on
the now playing screen. Use the wheel to turn the
volume up or down. For most iPods there is an
optional iPod Remote that you can buy to remotely
change the volume.
 Pausing a song: When you want to pause a song that
is currently playing press the play/pause button.
 Deactivate the buttons: This is a good thing to do if
you don’t want to accidentally press the button and
make changes to what you are listening to. You will
want to use this option if you are carrying your iPod
around in your pocket. Set the hold switch to “hold”.
You will find the hold switch at the top of your iPod.
An orange bar will appear if you have done this
 Scrolling through your photos: Go to the photo
viewing screen. Use the wheel to move back and forth
through your digital photos.
 Using the photo slideshow: Choose an album or a
single photo. Press the play button.
iTunes is a unique software application that Apple uses
exclusively for the iPod. You will use iTunes to organize
and manage the music that you have on your computer
before you transfer it to your iPod. iTunes will open up
automatically when you connect your iPod to the computer.
Some of the unique things that you can do with iTunes
 Buy and download music and audiobooks from the
iTunes Music Store.
 Listen to both digital music and your own CDs.
 Transfer music from your CDs to the library. This way
you don’t have to put the CD into the CD drive to
listen to it.
 Create your own music CDs. You will need to have a
CD burner in your computer to do this.
 Create your own playlists of songs that you want to
listen to in one session. You can then publish your
playlist, which is called an “iMix”, to the iTunes Music
Store for others to see and use as inspiration.
 Create your own “Party Shuffle” playlists. This option
allows you to make a playlist that is then put on
shuffle so that songs are played in random order.
 Listen to songs on the Internet. Choose a radio
station that plays songs that you enjoy listening to
and that are a genre that is your favorite.
Transferring music from your computer to your iPod is fast
and easy. First, connect your charged iPod to your
computer by using the iPod Dock Connector to USB 2.0
Cable (or higher). The minute that you connect your iPod
to your computer, iTunes will open up. Follow the simple
instructions to transfer the music from your computer to
your iPod.
Organizing and transferring music from your computer to
your iPod is what makes the iPod such a unique MP3
player. Music transfer is fast and easy. When you connect
your iPod to your computer it will connect automatically by
Transfer Music Automatically
You can set your iPod so that music is transferred
automatically. The following steps will guide you to
transfer your tunes:
 In the iTunes Source List select the iPod button.
 Click on the options button.
 Choose automatically update all songs and playlists.
At this time, iTunes will update the music that is in your
iPod music library so that it matches the songs, selctions,
and playlists on your computer. These new songs will then
be transferred to your iPod. If there are nay songs on your
iPod that aren’t in your iTunes library they will be deleted
from the iPod and replaced with only those songs in the
library list. This is one of the greatest features of the iPod.
You can continually change the music that you carry with
you by updating your iPod with the music that you choose.
You can create playlists of the exact music that you want to
listen to so that as your musical tastes change, so does
your iPod music and artist selection.
You also have the ability to manually transfer songs to your
iPod. This gives you the capability of transferring individual
songs as well as playlists. This feature is ideal if you are
going to be using your iPod with more than one computer.
Think of the unlimited possibilities. You can use your iPod
between your home computer and your computer at work
with blinking an eye.
Transferring music from your computer to your iPod can be
a simple process or a complex on depending on (1) how
often you want to update your iPod, (2) how complicated
and multifunctional you want to make your playlists, and
(3) whether or not you are transferring complete albums to
your computer or choosing your music song by song.
The iPod Photo is a great way that you can view your digital
photos on your iPod as well as transfer your photos from
your camera to the iPod or to your computer. You will be
able to import your digital photos from your camera to the
computer without worry of losing important data. You can
then transfer these photos to your iPod for viewing.
Another great function of the iPod Photo is that you can
connect your iPod to your television so that you can view
them with family and friends. Pictures can be viewed as a
slide show complete with background music.
Transfer Digital Photos from Camera to Computer
The iPod is a great way to import the photos that are on
your digital camera, or digital photo card, to your computer
no matter what type of an iPod you have. These steps are
simple no matter whether you have a Windows PC or a
Mac. If you are using Windows, simply follow the
instructions that are included with your digital camera or
the photo application that you are using. If you have a
Macintosh, use the following steps:
 Connect your digital camera, or the digital photo card,
to the computer. iPhoto should open up
automatically. If iPhoto doesn’t open up
automatically, open it up manually.
 Choose the import button. At this time the digital
images on your camera will be imported into iPhoto.
 You have the ability to import other types of digital
images into iPhoto. This includes any images that you
have downloaded from the Internet.
If you don’t have the iPhoto program you can still import
digital photos to your computer using “Image Capture”.
Start by connecting your camera, or the digital camera
card, to the computer. Next, open up the “Image Capture”
program. You can download all of the available digital
photos or you can choose specific images to transfer.
Transfer Photos from Computer to iPod
Once you have imported your digital images from your
camera to your computer, you can transfer them to your
iPod. The photos will have been imported into a folder that
is located on your computer hard drive. If you are using a
Mac, iPhoto will let you automatically transfer photo
albums. If you are using a Windows PC, you can use Adobe
Photoshop to transfer digital photos. Depending on how
many photos you have in your digital camera, it may take
up to one hour to transfer everything.
To transfer from your Mac to your iPod use the following
steps in combination with the iPhoto program:
 Open up the iTunes program and choose the iPod icon
in the iTunes Source List.
 Choose the options button.
 Click on photos and then choose the synchronize
photos from option. When the pop up menu appears,
choose the iPhoto option.
 You can now choose to copy all of your digital photos
to your iPod. Or you can choose to copy only certain
photos from your iPhoto albums.
Keep in mind that every time you connect your iPod to your
computer, the photos will be automatically transferred.
To transfer your digital photos from the Windows OS to
your iPod use the following steps:
 To transfer using Windows, you will be using either the
“Photoshop Album” program or “Photoshop Elements”.
 Open up the iTunes program. Select the iPod icon
from the iTunes Source List.
 Click on the options button.
 Click on the photos option and then choose the
synchronize photos from option.
 Choose the photoshop album or photoshop elements
option from the menu.
 You have the option of importing all of your photos to
your iPod or you can choose to import only certain
photos from your photo albums. This option requires
that you choose the copy selected albums only
Remember that when you connect your iPod to your
computer that all of your photos, unless otherwise
indicated, will be automatically transferred to your iPod.
Another way that you can transfer digital photos to your
iPod is to transfer them from a folder on your hard drive.
All you need to do is drag the digital images that you want
from a specific folder on the hard drive. You can place
these photos in individual photo albums on your iPod.
Simply create folders inside the main folder, making sure to
name them all accurately so that you can keep track of
which photo belongs where. Then drag each particular
image into the appropriate folder. Use the following steps
to complete:
 To transfer using Windows, you will be using either the
“Photoshop Album” program or “Photoshop Elements”.
 Open up the iTunes program. Select the iPod icon
from the iTunes Source List.
 Click on the options button.
 Click on the photos option and then choose the
synchronize photos from option.
 Choose the photoshop album or photoshop elements
option from the menu.
 You have the option of importing all of your photos to
your iPod or you can choose to import only certain
photos from your photo albums. This option requires
that you choose the copy selected albums only
You can transfer full resolution image files to your iPod.
Each time that you transfer digital photos to your iPod,
iTunes will make sure that each picture is optimized for
ideal viewing. The one thing to keep in mind is that full
resolution image files won’t be transferred by default.
You may be asking yourself why it’s useful to transfer full
resolution images in the first place. The reason is this:
you may want to store high resolution images on your
computer but you may not want to view them at full
resolution quality on your iPod. If you want to transfer full
resolution files use the following steps:
 Open up the iTunes program. Select the iPod icon
from the iTunes Source List.
 Click on the options button.
 Click on the photos option and then choose the include
full resolution photos option.
At this time iTunes will copy your full resolution photo
copies to the “photos folder” that is on your iPod.
Transfer Photo from Camera to iPod
You can use the iPod Camera Connector, or an iPod
compatible photo card reader, to transfer photos from your
digital camera to your iPod. You can quickly view your
digital photos that are on your camera before storing them
safely on your iPod. You can then delete these pictures
from your digital camera so that you have room to take and
store more digital pictures. At a later time you can transfer
the photos from your iPod to the computer.
You won’t be able to view slideshows on your television
using the photos that have been directly transferred from a
digital camera or a photo card reader. If you want to view
the pictures as a slideshow on your television you first need
to transfer them to your computer and then import them
back to your iPod using the iTunes program.
Following is a list of cameras that are compatible with the
iPod Camera Connector:
 Canon
 Nikon
 Olympus
 Sanyo
 Sony
 Epson
 Casio
 Minolta
See individual camera listings to find out which specific
cameras are compatible. You’ll find a complete list of these
cameras at www.apple.com/support/ipod/photos.
You can use your iPod as storage drive. Depending on the
type of iPod that you have, it can be used as a flash drive
or as a hard drive. This means that you have the ability to
store and transfer files and data. This is known as disk
mode. Here’s a little tip: use iTunes to transfer files of
music from your computer to your iPod. You won’t be able
to see the files as they are copied from iTunes to your iPod
so be patient. If you copy your music files to your iPod
using an Explorer window you’ll find that you won’t be able
to play them on your iPod.
The following steps will show you how to use your iPod as a
storage drive:
 Connect your iPod to the computer. If iTunes doesn’t
open automatically, open it manually by clicking on it.
 Set your iTunes preferences. Find the edit menu on
the Windows toolbar. Choose preferences. If you are
using a Mac you can go directly to the iTunes menu to
choose preferences. For both a PC and Mac, click on
the iPod button.
 Choose the enable disk use or manually manage songs
and playlists option (do this for every iPod model
except the iPod shuffle). Both of these options will let
you use your iPod as a drive. If you choose manually
manage songs and playlists you won’t automatically
update your iPod with the songs that you have in your
iTunes library. If you are going to be automatically
updating your iPod with new songs, you will want to
use the enable disk use option instead.
 For the iPod Shuffle. Click on enable disk use. Adjust
the storage allocation slider to the exact amount that
you want to be used by your audio files and the
amount that you want to be used by your data files.
 You will now find the iPod icon on your desktop as well
as in my computer in Windows. All you need to do is
double click on the icon and drag your files from or to
the iPod window to copy them over.
 Remember to eject your iPod before you disconnect it
from the computer.
Copy Songs from your iPod to your Computer
It’s easy to copy songs from your iPod to your computer.
You will find that the iTunes library that is on your
computer contains all of the sondgs that you have encoded
either from your own collection of CDs or from the iTunes
Music Store. When the default settings are activated,
iTunes will automatically copy the songs that are in your
library onto your iPod. If you are going to be using your
iPod as a hard disk you won’t be able to see the songs that
are being copied through my computer. Don’t worry since
this is completely normal. You won’t be able to copy these
same music files from your iPod to another computer or
back to iTunes. This is because the synchronization of your
computer and your iPod works in only one direction: from
iTunes to your iPod.
Beware if you’ve erased your library of music from your
computer. There isn’t a way that you use my computer to
copy these song file from your iPod back to your computer
so that you can reload your library of songs. The only thing
that you can do is encode the music files from your
collection of CDs one more time and then sync this new
library to your iPod. If you have bought music from the
iTunes Music Store and forgot to back them up there is no
way for them to be downloaded again. This means that
you will have to buy new songs! This is why you will
definitely want to back up all of your song files in iTunes
from the start.
If you are going to connect your iPod to another computer
make sure that you don’t end up connecting to the iTunes
library on that computer, if there is one. Choose the
manually manage songs and playlists option so that you
don’t put someone else’s playlist on your iPod and wipe out
your own selection.
If you have an iPod Nano or iPod Photo you can use it to
view Yahoo! Map directions. There is a new service that
you can use called “iPod-iWay”. This online service has
been created by Yahoo Masp and iPod for use with your
MP3 player. But just what is iPod-iWay? This service will
give you step by step directions when you are driving so
that you know exactly where you are going and how to get
there. All you have to do is export the results that you get
for online driving directions as provided by Yahoo Maps.
These directions are then imported into your iPod Photo.
This is a great way for you to save the driving directions
that you need in your iPod without having to buy any other
Using iPod-iWay is easy! You will first want to navigate to
www.ipodiway.com. The process is just like using Yahoo
Maps. Enter your starting point and your destination in the
form provided. Once your information has been entered
click on verify directions to ensure that you get accurate
directions. Next click on get directions. You will be
prompted to download a .zip file which holds your driving
directions. Extract the .zip file into your iTunes Photo
Folder. Connect your iPod to the computer, sync, and then
you are ready to start driving. This software program is
completely free to use and is perfect when you need to
drive someplace unfamiliar to you. You will be able to
utilize your iPod Photo to the max whether you travel in the
US or in Canada.
Many people think that the iPod is only for music. If you
do, you are missing out on a big feature since the iPod is
ideal for listening to audio books. The iPod can provide you
with a great audio book experience. However, if you listen
to a lot of audio books it can get expensive downloading
them from the iTunes Music Store. This is the time for you
to find a source of free audio books.
One good source for free audio books is the public library
where you can often find them on CD. Audio book CDs
can’t be played directly on your iPod. This is where iTunes
is so invaluable. iTunes is known for making it possible for
you to import CDs, keep them organized, and synced with
your iPod. However, there is one problem even with
iTunes: iTunes has been optimized for music CDs. It is
often hit and miss when it comes to producing audio book
files that are easy to use on an iPod. This is because the
size and quality of an audio book CD file from the library
isn’t always as good as the audio book files you get when
you purchase your book from the iTunes Music Store.
There are a few things that you can do to improve your
luck when it comes to downloading audio book CDs from
the library, or other free sources, to your iPod.
Optimize your Import Settings
The first thing that you need to do is make sure that your
import settings are at their optimum best for the spoken
word and audio books. The following steps will ensure that
your import settings are the best that they can be:
 Open up iTunes and click on the preferences dialog.
 Click on the advanced icon. Then click on the
importing tab.
 Choose the on CD insert to show songs. You don’t
want to choose the auto-import because when you are
in the process of importing an audio book there are
some steps that need to be completed before the
import begins. If the import begins automatically
make sure to stop it.
 In the import using pop up choose the AAC encoder.
You’ll get higher quality when you choose this format
as well as get better support for your audio
 When the setting pop up comes up, choose custom.
 Choose a stereo bit rate of 64 kbps when the AAC
encoder setting dialog appears. You’ll also want to
choose (1) sample rate of auto, (2) channels of auto,
and (3) make sure that optimize for voice is checked.
 Click okay.
 Uncheck play songs while you are importing the audio
book. You’ll also want to uncheck the use error
correction when reading audio CDs option. Both of
these options will slow down the import process so
you’ll want to have them both unchecked to speed
things up.
 Click okay.
Once you have optimized your import settings on your iPod
you will find that importing audio book CDs is that much
easier. This will certainly encourage you to use your iPod
for than just music.
The following importing information is based on the use of
iTunes 6, however you will find that if are still using iTunes
5, the directions will work as well. Importing audio book
CDs can be a painful process because there are usually
dozens of tracks on the CD. This makes it difficult to
manage on the tiny screen of your iPod. The next problem
is that the track names are usually not recognized by the
automatic lookup service and you will have to enter them
on your own. The following method of importing audio
book CD tracks tries to minimize how much manual input
you have to do as well as ensures that the track
information is much more usable on your iPod.
 Put the audio book CD into your CD drive. Wait a
minute or two for the tracks to show up in iTunes.
Keep in mind that you might have to dismiss one or
more dialogs which will prompt you to agree to some
sort of automatic action. The only thing that you want
to do is display the tracks on the CD whether or not
the automatic lookup of those track names was a
success or not.
 Choose all of the CD tracks. Then choose the join CD
tracks from the “advanced” menu. This option will
consolidate many of the CD tracks into one and make
it that much easier for you to manage when these
tracks have been transferred to your iPod.
 Choose submit CD track names from the “advanced”
 When the CD info dialog appears fill in the correct
information about the audio book. This information
will include: (1) Artist = the author of the book, (2)
Composer - the reader of the audio book, (3) Album =
the title of the book, (4) Disc Number = the disc
number out of the total number of discs on the track,
(5) Genre = just call it “audio book”, and (6) Year =
the year that the book was published.
 Click on okay. The above information about the audio
book will be submitted. At this time you will be
prompted to choose the select CD category because
the database that is online uses a different category
for audio books. Select the books & spoken option
and click okay again.
 A dialog box will appear telling you everything so far is
done. Click okay.
 Once the submission process has been completed all
of the CD tracks will have the right information
connected and attached to them. This is your cue that
so far everything has worked just fine.
 Choose the import button to import the disc. You will
find the import button in the top right corner. The
import settings that you optimized earlier will be used.
 Once the import process is complete you can remove
the audio book CD from the CD drive.
 Go to your iTunes library and look for the track that
you have just imported (there should only be one).
Choose this track and press the option command-I so
that you can do a get info about the track. Choose the
info tab.
 Check to make sure that all the information about the
audio book is there. The name of the song will be the
same name as the album. You want to see the name
on your iPod so you will need to add the disc sequence
number to the song. Keep in mind that a short format
is better than a long one, particularly if you have an
iPod mini which has a narrow screen. You might want
to consider using the format “xx/yy”. “xx” is the disc
number and “yy” is the number of discs in total. Make
sure that you add a zero (0) to the number of the disc
if the total number of discs will be totalling more than
one digit (for example you will reach disc “10”). This
will ensure that all of the tracks will be correctly sorted
when you sort them by name.
 You might want to think about including a small note
in the comments field about where the audio book is
from (library or free source online).
 Move to the options panel. Make sure to check both
the remember playback position and the skip when
shuffling boxes. The remember playback position
option will tell both iTunes and your iPod that the file
can be bookmarked. The skip when shuffling option
will ensure that audio tracks aren’t included when you
choose to play random groupings of songs.
 Use the above process for each of the audio books
that you want to import to your iPod.
 Once you have imported all of audio books to iTunes
you can transfer them to your iPod.
A note here on accountability of legal issues. If you have
checked audio books out of the library, you have the fair
right to listen to them on your iPod. However, once you
have listened to the audio book you should delete it from
your iTunes library.
The iPod is often coveted for its amount of disc space, its
long battery life, and the seamless way that it integrates
with your computer. What is often overlooked, however, is
the iPods great capability as a voice recorder. You can
store many hours of 16 bit .wav files of sound on your iPod
with the simple addition of a microphone. And you don’t
need an elaborate microphone. An inexpensive piece of
hardware is all you need to add to your 3rd generation iPod
since the recording software has already been built into the
operating system of this functional digital music player.
There are many reasons why you would want to use your
iPod as a voice recorder such as recording a lecture at
school, recording your baby’s first words, capturing the
sound of that loon, or laying down some audio tracks for a
digital movie and then synching it with the video.
Audio Hardware
You will need to have a 3rd generation iPod for recording
voice and other sounds. A 3rd generation iPod will have the
dock connector on the bottom. You have three choices
when it comes to “input”:
 Belkin Voice Recorder: The Belkin voice recorder is
quite compact when it isn’t attached to your iPod.
This is means that you can pack it up and take it along
with you without having to find extra room. The one
disadvantage of a Belkin is that it doesn’t have an
external headphone jack so when you want to plug in
your ear buds you will have to remove the device first.
The nice thing about the Belkin is that it has a small
speaker that allows you to see what it is that you have
just recorded. Visit the Belkin website for more
 Griffin iTalk: The Griffin iTalk is a little more
sophisticated than the Belkin both in the way it
functions and the way it looks. The iTalk has a
chrome speaker grill as well as an external jack that
can be used for both output and input. The iTalk is
compact and tiny enough that you can leave it
permanently attached to your iPod. For more
information about the Griffin iTalk visit their website.
 Universal Microphone Adapter: The Universal
Microphone Adapter is also made by Belkin and is a
great choice if you are looking for an external
microphone for your iPod. The Adapter plugs into the
top of your iPod but rather than having a built in
speaker and microphone it as input and output jacks
that are separate and give you three-position settings.
Each of the above recording devices will capture a 16 bit
mono at 8 kHz. This won’t be very good for recording a
concert but it will be perfect for voice recording. To use of
these devices you simply need to mount them on the top of
your iPod. Try to position yourself about two to four feet
from the source that you are recording. There is no need
to hold the recording device up to your mouth and yell as
they have been designed to be used from a few feet away
from the source.
If your iPod has a software version that is 2.1 or higher you
won’t need anything else to record audio files since
everything is already built into the iPod system. What you
will need when you plug your iPod into the computer is
QuickTime Pro so that you can use the content that you
have recorded. If you are already familiar with digital
media you most likely have QuickTime. If you, this is the
right time to obtain the free version or upgrade to the full
Start Recording
As soon as you plug a recording device into your iPod it will
be recognized as “audio input” and will come up with the
recording menu. Choose the record option. Your iPod will
keep track of the length of time for each recording session.
When you have finished recording you can either (1) press
on the pause button or the stop and save option. You will
want to use the pause option if there is more audio that
you want to add to that particular session. Use the stop
and save option when you want to completely end the
recording session and are ready to have your iPod catalog
Once your iPod has catalogued the recording session, the
session will be listed in the voice memos menu. The
session will be referred to by date and time with no title
included. You can then listen to the session and then
delete it or you can choose the record now option to record
another audio track. The controls for recording audio are
simple and easy to use. When you want to access your
recording sessions you don’t even need to have the
microphone attached to your iPod. All you need to do is
navigate to the extras menu and choose voice memos.
Transferring your recording sessions to your computer is
just as easy as recording. Connect your iPod to your
computer. If you have the settings set to manually update
you will be notified that there is a new voice memo on your
iPod and do you want to add this memo to your iTunes
library. You might want to decline this option. This is
because your recording sessions are only labelled by time
and date and they won’t be of much use when it comes to
tracking. Plus, you won’t want to mix your voice recording
sessions with your music files.
If your iTunes library settings are set to automatically
update you won’t have a choice about adding your
recording session to your library. You will find the sessions
added to the library with titles that look much like “7/3/06
11:41 AM”. This is why you will want to change your
preferences to manually manage songs and playlists. This
is done by clicking on the iPod icon (found in the lower right
corner of iTunes) when your iPod is connected to your
When you choose the manual mode you will automatically
be activating the enable disk use. This will put an iPod icon
on your desktop. This icon will give you access to your iPod
just the same as you would get with any FireWire hard
drive. Click on the iPod icon and search for the recordings
folder. You will find your audio sessions in this folder. The
file names will be easy to recognize as “20060719
You might want to create a folder in your music directory
that is called “iPod recordings”. Because you want your
.wav files to open in QuickTime instead of iTunes you want
to have control over these files. Click on the file to
highlight it and then use the ctrl-click method to display the
contextual menu.
Choose the get info option from the
open dropdown menu. Then click on the change all button
so that the mapping is applied to all the .wav files that are
on your computer. After this, when you click on a .wav file,
it will open in QuickTime at which time you can edit them
the way you want. You might also want to change the file
name from “20060719 12345a.wav” to something such as
“Philosophy Lecture.wav”.
Once you have copied your audio files from your iPod to
your computer you can delete them from your iPod to free
up some space. Create a working method that is right for
you. Consider leaving iTunes completely out of the picture
and organizing all of your audio files in a music directory
specific for your .wav files. This can save you a lot of time
when it comes to editing your audio files.
You probably already take your iPod with you wherever you
go. This means that you always have it on hand when you
want to listen to your music or record a voice memo. But
your iPod has another function: You can use it as a laser
beam or a flashlight.
Griffin iBeams is complete and ready for your dock
connected iPod mini or iPod. You can use the flashlight
device for finding things in the dark or for when you just
want a bit of added light. The laser is a class IIIA laser
pointer. This is ideal for when you are doing presentations.
Both the flashlight and laser come complete with a
protective snap-on cap that you can attach to your
keychain so that it is always handy and accessible.
The Griffin iBeam laser is a red laser beam, which can be
seem from over two kilometers away. This doesn’t mean
that you should spend valuable time playing, but it does
mean that your iPod has one more bit of functionality that
makes it a great investment. The Griffin iBeam has been
designed for the following iPods:
 the iPod mini
 the iPod Photo
 4th generation iPod that has a click wheel
 3rd generation iPod that has buttons and a touch wheel
You can turn your iPod into a universal remote control
which you can then use to control all of the electronic
equipment in your home or any other device that uses a
remote control. For example, you can use your iPod to
control your television, DVD player, XBox, and Satellite
Radio. To get your iPod to act as a remote control all you
have to do is record the sounds that an infrared remote
device makes to a computer and then transfer them over to
your iPod as a song file. You will need to add a special
“sound to IR converter” which will turn these same sounds
back to IR and then actually use your iPod as a remote.
You can use your iPod from up to 100 feet away from the
device that you are trying to control. This means that you
never have to have all those multiple remote controls lying
around your home.
You will need the following items to convert your iPod to a
remote control:
 any model of iPod
 a PC or a Macintosh that is complete with sound
recording software
 any model of pocket PC (aim for one from 2002 to
 Griffin’s Total Remote software and Griffin’s IR device
(sold together)
The most important from the above list is the Griffin sound
to IR converter. You will be using this device to extend the
range of the pocket PC. The first thing that you are going
to do is use the pocket PC software to input the IR signals
from your remote control devices. Then you are going to
convert these signals into sound waves. The last thing will
be to use your iPod to play these sound files through the
sound to IR converter so that you can control the electronic
devices in your home. Follow these steps to convert your
iPod to a remote:
 Install the Total Remote software to the pocket PC.
Follow the directions and begin entering all of the
remotes that you want to use on your iPod to the
software. The next few directions focus on turning
your television on and off.
 On the pocket PC, once the software has been
installed, choose start – programs – total remote.
 Next choose edit – start one shot sampling. Choose
the correct power button which is shown on the
 You will be prompted to hold the remote up to the IR
port which is located on the pocket PC. This is how
the IR signal will be recorded.
 After you have recorded the IR signal you need to test
it. This is done by using the IR device which is
included with the Total Remote software.
 Once you have verified that the signal works you need
to get the IR signal from the pocket PC to your
computer as a sound file.
Recording the Signal
Take the Total Remote IR device away from the pocket PC
jack (for headphones). Next run a line out cable from the
pocket PC to the line in port or to the microphone. If you
like, you can get a 3.5 mm stereo audio cable to help you
with this. You can buy a 3.5 stereo audio cable anywhere
where electronics are sold.
On your PC use a program for sound editing that edits
sounds as well as removes channels. One such program is
No matter what recording application you use, make sure
that you set the recording format to: 44Hz, 16 bit Stereo.
PCM. You are going to be saving the sound signal as a
.wav file. Choose the record option in the sound recording
application. On the pocket PC press the button which you
have designated as the power signal. Use the line out from
the headphone jack).
Next, stop the recording and press the play button. If you
have recorded the signal accurately you should be able to
hear pulsing and beeping sounds which is exactly what the
IR signal sounds like. If you are using the SoundForge
application you will be able to see these sounds as a .wav
graphic. Now you are ready to highlight the correct
channel and put it on mute. Make sure that you don’t miss
this step otherwise the sound won’t be properly through the
IR device. Save the sound recording this way: 44 Hx, 16
bit stereo, PCM .wav file. For example, you can call it
Adding the Signal to your iPod
Connect your iPod to the cradle. When iTunes open create
a new playlist and call it something like television. Then
you can add the .wav file to the playlist. The file is
transferred to your iPod and you are ready to test your new
remote control! Take your iPod out of the cradle and put
the Total Remote IR device into the headphone jack on the
top of your iPod. Go to your iPods playlist and point your
iPod at your television set. Press on the play button. If
everything has been done correctly your television will turn
on and off every time you “play” this particular sound. Use
the above directions for all of converting all of your remote
control devices to your iPod.
Boom Box™ is a software application for your iPod that will
give you incredible performance powers. Boom Box™ is a
combination of five Mac software applications that have
been combined into one. Some of the functionality of this
software includes:
 Preserve all of your old tapes and LPs.
 Grab hold of Internet streams such as podcasts to
listen to whenever and wherever you want.
 Create playlists that are absolutely perfect.
 Create audio files from the text of ebooks, news feeds,
and web pages. Send these audio files to iTunes for
transfer to your iPod.
How many times have you looked at your old cassette
tapes and LPs and wish that you still had the capability to
listen to them? The Boom Box™ lets you import music
from a cassette deck or a turn table to your iTunes library.
You can then transfer this music onto your iPod. The
software will automatically detect the tracks and then
reduce the background noise as much as possible. Filters,
included in the software, will enhance the sound so that the
music files are of the highest quality.
Podcasts are becoming more and more popular as people
choose to listen to media that they are most interested in.
With so many thousands of topics on the Internet to choose
from, it’s just a matter of narrowing down your interests,
downloading the podcast, and sending it to iTunes. You
can then transfer the podcast to your iPod for listening
whenever you want.
The Boom Box™ will also allow you to change any web
page, email, or other written document into an audio file
for listening rather than reading. This will allow you to
listen to your favorite blogs, email from family and friends,
or web content from your iPod. This handy function is
perfect for those people who are too busy to sit and read or
for those who have difficulty reading online.
Another great function of the Boom Box™ is the ability to
create great playlists. You can analyze each of the tracks
in your iTunes library before adding it to a playlist. This
lets you create lists that have similar acoustic sounds and
The Boom Box™ may cost a bit more than other software
applications. And you might be thinking that if you have
already invested in buying an iPod, why spend more
money? The answer is this: your iPod is a great music
player that has been built with a sturdy and solid hard
drive. This means that you are going to have your iPod for
many years to come. You will want to make the most of
the functionality of your iPod so that you can enjoy it in as
many ways as you can.
You have the option of making mediocre playlists for your
iPod that simply “do the job”.
Or you can master the art of
creating Smart Playlists that wow everyone including
yourself. Smart Playlists are one feature of iTunes that is
very underused. A Smart Playlist is automatically updated
depending on what kind of criteria you set for them. iTunes
lets you create playlists by combining your music tracks
from a variety of albums, artists, and genres. Using Smart
Playlists lets you take the playlist to an even higher level.
Smart Playlists were first introduced in iTunes 3. With the
Smart list you are able to personalize the music that you
listen to by updating your playlist with criteria that includes
last played, my rating, play count, and comment. You have
the choice of using any or all of these criteria when you are
creating a Smart Playlist. You also have the option of
eliminating some of the criteria, such as song name. The
great thing about a Smart Playlist is that it is something
different for everyone who creates a playlist.
One thing that you will want to know how to do on your
iPod is “rate a song”. To rate a song all you have to do is
press the center of the wheel two times. The first press will
push the wheel into “jog mode” while the second push of
the wheel will push the wheel into “rating mode”. Once you
are in the rating mode you will see that there are stars on
the screen. You can then turn the wheel to increase or
decrease the number of stars that you are giving a
particular song.
Make sure that iTunes is set to either one of the two
automatic transfer modes when you are in the iPod options
screen. If you are not in one of these modes you won’t be
able to transfer the play counts, play dates, or ratings in an
easy manner to your iTunes library.
Access the Smart Playlist Dialog
You can access the Smart Playlist dialog box from the
iTunes menu file. You can break the file menu down into
three different areas: (1) the match line, (2) the criteria
lines, and (3) the limiter area. The match line will
determine just how your criteria are evaluated. The line
will change in a contextural way depending on the criteria
lines. When you have specified multiple criteria the match
line will show the any/all pop up. If there is no multiple
criteria the pop up won’t appear.
Create your List
Begin by making certain selections from the pop up menu
in the area called criteria line. Select your songs based on
certain attributes, operators, and values. The criteria line
will usually only display one line. If you want to display
more lines press the “+” button. The match lines option is
what will determine how each of the criteria is evaluated.
Smart Playlists really start to show how smart they are
when you combine certain rules. When you want to add a
criteria line or a new rule all you have to do is click on the
“+” icon. The number of criteria lines that you can create
can be endless. Every rule that you create will be
evaluated as a Boolean operator. This means that only
when there is a true match to your specified criteria will the
track be added to your Smart Playlist. When a false result
is turned up, the song won’t be added to the list. Once you
have selected your criteria the limiter area will let you limit
the number of true results that will be returned by the
Smart Playlist.
Track Attributes
To make great Smart Playlists it’s important that you
understand the many track attributes that you can choose
from. No matter where you get your music from, such as
the iTunes Music Store or copied from your own CDs,
attributes will always be looked at in the same way. There
is, however, one attribute that will group CDs track
together and that is the album name attribute. You can
group your songs together in a variety of ways including
year, genre, artist, and play count. The following list is
some of the attributes that you should become familiar with
if you want to make Smart Playlists:
 Album: This is the album on which a particular track
was released.
 Artist: This is the artist who has recorded the track.
 BPM: Beats per minute (also known as “tempo”).
This is number value that accurately describes the
number of beats that there are in one minute of time.
iTunes doesn’t calculate BPM but you can calculate it
with a third-party application. The BPM is a great way
that you can add criteria to your Smart Playlists based
on tempo.
 Comment: This field is “user defined” which means
that you can use it for whatever purposes you want.
For example, you might want to include information
here about certain tracks such as which ones you
borrowed from a certain friend.
 Grouping: This attribute is used when you want to
group more than one movement in a single classical
 Kind: The kind attribute is an audio file format. Some
of the current audio files that are supported include
AAC, AIFF, Apple Lossless, MPEG, and WAV.
 Last Played: Every time that you play a track, iTunes
will recored the time and date when it was played.
This way you can find out which songs you play more
than any others and add them to your Smart Playlist.
 My Rating: You can rate your music by giving it
anywhere from 0 to 5 stars in the iTunes library as
well as on your iPod.
 Play Count: This attribute will keep track of how
many times you play a specific song.
 Playlist: The playlist attribute will either exclude or
include tracks that are found in other playlists. You
can use this attribute for creating Smart Playlists that
are quite complex.
 Size: The size attribute lists the size of each track in
 Song Name: This one needs no explanation.
 Time: The time attribute keeps track of how long
each track is.
 Track Number: Every track on an album will be
assigned a certain track number. For example “6 of
 Year: The year attribute lists the year the track was
first released.
Making Smart Playlists is a one way that you can get the
most out of your iPod. You will be able to listen to exactly
the lists of songs that interest you the most. This is a great
way that you can create a specific playlist for the gym or
for you walk.
When the iPod shuffle was first introduced everybody had
an instant opinion about Apple's decision not to include a
display with this iPod. Depending on your point of view, it
was either a bold solution for reducing cost and complexity,
or the latest example of an unclothed emperor. The iPod
shuffle has now been in the world for a while and so far it
has been a big winner. The shuffle is so simple to operate
that even your 2-year-old will be asking you for one. But
there are plenty of fun features and tips to learn about in
iPod shuffle so that you can use it to its fullest functionality.
The Shuffle Buttons
There aren't many buttons to push on the shuffle, and
that's a good thing because it makes it hard for you to push
the wrong one. Most people can figure out how to press the
big button to start and stop the music, and perform other
basic functions using the four other buttons to control
volume and navigation. There are a few interesting
features hiding behind those buttons. Unlike other iPods,
the shuffle has no hold switch to prevent tragic button-push
accidents. On the shuffle, you can lock the buttons by
holding down play/pause button for a few seconds until the
amber light blinks at you a few times. To unlock the
buttons, hold down play/pause button again until you get
the blinking green light.
Although iPod shuffle lacks the fancy song-scrubbing trick
that lets you quickly skip through a track, it does have the
same basic fast-forward and rewind feature as other iPods:
just hold down next or previous to move around in the
current song. When you pause your iPod shuffle, then
press next or previous, the iPod moves to the new song
and starts playing. That's different from other iPods: on
those, the iPod stays paused when you press next or
previous. This is just another example of how Apple wisely
simplified a feature to accommodate a screen-less design.
When you pause the shuffle, the green light blinks at you.
If you leave the shuffle paused, the light stops blinking
after a minute, and it's easy to forget that it's still on. The
shuffle has clever hardware and software that greatly
conserves power if the iPod has been paused for more than
a minute or so, but when you are not using your shuffle
you should use the good old-fashioned off switch to be sure
it isn't using its battery when you don't want it to.
Once in awhile your iPods will get confused and must be
brought back to its senses by resetting it. iPod shuffle is no
exception to that but there is a unique way of resetting it:
turn it off using the slider switch on the back, wait awhile
(at least 5 seconds), then turn it back on again, to either
the play-in-order or shuffle mode position.
Your iPod shuffle includes a handy shortcut for going back
to the beginning of its playlist: just press play/pause three
times and the shuffle will start playing at the beginning of
the first song. If your iPod is in shuffle mode it will reorder
the playlist before starting over. You can use this trick to
quickly get to songs at the end of the playlist. Just tripleclick to go to the start and then press previous to wrap
around and get to the last song. While other iPods let you
choose whether they start over or stop when finishing a
playlist, the iPod shuffle always starts over, for the sake of
simplicity, which makes this tip work. (It also works on
other iPods if you turn on repeat all in the settings. But
other iPods have screens, which makes them somewhat
easier to navigate).
The Lights on your Shuffle
The iPod shuffle has two subcutaneous LEDs on the front to
help you figure out what it's doing in the absence of a
display. There's a green light, which is mostly useful when
you're listening, and an amber light that is primarily needed
when your iPod is connected to your computer. The lights
give you reassuring feedback that all is well, or help you
figure out when something is wrong. Here are some of the
most important iPod shuffle light shows:
 Usually, when you press any button, the green light
will shine as long as you hold down the button.
 If you press a button and you see the orange light
instead, and nothing else happens, your iPod is
locked. Hold down play/pause for a few seconds to
unlock it.
 If absolutely nothing happens when you press a
button, not even a light, you probably need to charge
your shuffle's battery.
 If you press a button and see both the green and
amber lights blinking, one after another, that usually
means there are no songs on the iPod, or some other
error has occurred. Try resetting it by turning it off
for 5 seconds, then back on. If you still get the
psychedelic lights, you'll need to connect to a
computer and load some music.
When your iPod shuffle is connected to a computer, you'll
see the amber light. A blinking amber light means, "I'm
busy. Please don't disconnect me." If you have disk mode
turned on the light will blink whenever the iPod is plugged
in. With disk mode off, the light blinks only when it's
transferring music. Be sure you click the eject icon next to
the iPod name in iTunes before unplugging a blinking iPod.
If the amber light isn't blinking, feel free to unplug at will.
There's another set of LEDs on the back of the iPod shuffle.
When you're playing tunes and you press the oval button
on the back, these tiny lights tell you about your battery
level: green for a good charge, amber for low, red for uhoh, and no light for no charge. When the shuffle is
connected, the battery light blinks if the orange light on the
front is blinking, as an additional reminder not to
disconnect if you happen to be staring at the wrong side of
your shuffle.
iPod Preferences
When you connect your shuffle you will get access to a few
iPod settings in iTunes preferences. Keep this iPod in the
source list, also known as shadow mode, is a cool feature
that lets you modify the shuffle playlist even when the
shuffle isn't connected. You can add, delete, Autofill, and
top off to your heart's content, just as if the iPod were
there. When you connect it, your spiffy playlist is copied
over to the iPod.
By turning on "Keep this iPod in the source list", you can
edit your shuffle's playlist even when the iPod isn't there.
If you create a playlist you're particularly fond of, you can
save it forever. Just select all the songs, then choose new
playlist from selection from the File menu.
There is also a preferences setting for enable disk use,
including a slider that lets you indicate how much space
you plan to use for files vs. tunes. This slider simply tells
iTunes how much space to leave for songs when you
Autofill or add songs to your shuffle manually; it doesn't
actually partition or reserve space in the shuffle's flash
The iPod is one of the most diverse music players to hit the
market. Each day, more and more people are finding that
their iPod is one thing that they don’t want to live without.
Apple has gone in an entirely new direction when it comes
to the music play…and the gamble paid off for them.
This book outlines many of the unique and diverse things
that you can do with your iPod, not matter which model
you have purchased. Most of the features don’t take long
to learn to use and implement and in the long run will help
you get the most out of your iPod.
Download PDF