Owner`s manual | Aprilaire 110 Humidifier User Manual

Humidifiers
Owner’s Manual
For Models 110, 112, 220, 224, 350, 360, 440,
445, 448, 558, 560, 568, 760 & 768
Includes Safety & Operating Instructions
and Warranty Information
READ AND SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Principle of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Operating Instructions
• Humidifier Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
• Manual Humidistat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Effect of Water Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Annual Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Annual Summer Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Periodic Preventative Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
Models 110 & 112 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Models 220 & 224 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Models 350 & 360 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Model 440 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Models 445 & 448 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Reservoir Pump Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Model 558 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Models 560 & 568 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Models 760 & 768 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
WARNING
120 volts may cause injury from electrical shock.
Disconnect power and shut off water supply before servicing.
CAUTION
Sudden operation may cause personal injury or
property damage. Turn humidistat or Humidifier Control to “OFF” or
lowest setting before servicing
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for your recent Aprilaire Humidifier purchase. We sincerely
appreciate your business and are pleased to add your name to our
growing list of customers. With this purchase, you have invested in the
highest quality equipment currently available. Research Products
Corporation is the largest manufacturer of whole house humidifiers, air
cleaners and energy recovery ventilators and is a recognized leader in the
heating and air conditioning industry today.
®
Please be assured that in addition to product quality, we are also
committed to unit performance as well as customer satisfaction. Your unit
will require periodic maintenance to assure you of continued fine
performance. Please proceed as shown on page 8 to obtain service parts
and/or replacement Water Panel evaporators.
®
Now, please take a few minutes and read the appropriate sections of this
booklet. This will familiarize you with the benefits you will receive from
the equipment you just purchased and help you understand the routine
maintenance that will be required. Be sure to register your humidifier with
us for our records and your protection. You may do so by registering
online at: www.aprilaire.com/warranty.
Genuine Aprilaire Replacement Water
Panel evaporators are available from your
installing contractor or from most other
heating and air conditioning contractors in
your area. Use the dealer locator in our
web site (www.aprilaire.com) or look in
the Yellow Pages under Humidifying
Apparatus or Heating & Air Conditioning
Contractors. Purchase only genuine
Aprilaire Water Panels to maintain peak
performance.
®
-1-
I. PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
With your purchase of a humidification system, you have invested in a
humidifier that operates on the evaporative principle – nature’s own way
of adding moisture – and will provide the proper relative humidity all
during the heating season. It is very possible that you have questions
concerning your humidifier – questions on what it can do for you, and what
you should do to receive maximum benefits from it. This booklet is
intended to help you do exactly that.
Nature, in producing an invigorating comfortable April day, combines just
the right temperature and the right amount of moisture. Aprilaire
Humidifiers employ the same principle, with refinements, to give you the
proper relative humidity for maximum allowable comfort all winter long.
The important considerations in the evaluation of a humidifier are Positive
Control, Sufficient Capacity, Trouble-free Performance and Minimum
Maintenance. The operating principle of your Aprilaire provides all of these
advantages. Here, briefly, is the method:
The Aprilaire Humidifier (except the Models 350 and 360) is installed to
operate in conjunction with the furnace blower motor. When the
humidistat or Humidifier Control calls for humidity and the blower motor is
operating, water flows to the distribution tray located at the top of the
unit. The water is uniformly distributed across the width of the tray and
through a scientifically designed system of outlets. It flows by gravity over
the Water Panel evaporator, the heart of the unit. Dry, hot air is moved
through the moisture-laden Water Panel evaporator where evaporation
takes place. The now humidified air carrying moisture in vapor form
(nature’s own way) is circulated throughout the home.
®
The Models 350 and 360 use service hot water (140°F maximum) for its
heat source, as heat is needed for evaporation. While the water going to
the unit is hot, the flushing water to the drain will be cold. The heat is
extracted during the evaporation process.
The correct water flow is determined by an orifice included with
each drain type unit. When the unit is operating, there will be a
small, steady stream of water to drain, which flushes away most of
the trouble-causing minerals. Do not use the saddle valve to regulate
the water flow. It is designed to be completely opened or closed. The
minerals and solid residue not trapped by the replaceable Water Panel
evaporator are flushed down the drain in units with a drain connection.
The drain also eliminates the problems caused by stagnant water. This is
the most effective and least expensive method to dispose of troublecausing minerals.
-2-
Capacity is high because an average home (10,000 cu. ft.) requires the
addition of approximately 9 gallons of water per day to maintain 35%
relative humidity when the outside temperature is 20°. The smallest
Aprilaire Humidifier under most operating conditions, has this humidifying
capacity. Trouble-free performance and minimum maintenance are assured
by the design features of the Aprilaire Humidifier. All unit housing parts that
come in contact with water are non-metal and will never rust or corrode.
Neither heat nor water will affect them under normal operating conditions.
The Water Panel evaporator, designed especially for uniform, high
evaporation, along with the Scale Control Insert also efficiently traps
mineral deposits which are often the cause of damage to working parts in
ordinary humidifiers. No “white dust” can be distributed throughout the
living quarters. The Water Panel evaporator is the heart of the unit and
must be in good condition to assure high capacity trouble-free
performance. It should be changed annually.
Older design water distribution trays have a granular coating in the
bottom of the distribution tray to provide equal distribution of water to
each of the openings assuring an even flow over the Water Panel
evaporator. Do not clean the mineral scale off the bottom of the
water distribution tray at the end of the humidification season. If
the granular coating is removed, it is not necessary to purchase a new
distribution tray. You can accomplish the same uniform performance by
applying a small amount of liquid dishwashing soap over the entire inside
surface of the water distribution tray. This will allow the water to flow
evenly through each of the openings, provided the unit is level in order to
achieve maximum capacity.
The current distribution tray which incorporates a synthetic fabric liner
that replaces the granular coating, is designed to deliver water uniformly
over the entire top surface of the Water Panel evaporator, provided it is
mounted level. It is normal for some mineral deposits to form in the
distribution tray as it dries out between humidification cycles. These
deposits can actually help distribute water in the tray, but if they form
enough to block the openings, they should be removed as described in the
“Periodic Preventative Maintenance” section of this manual.
There are many humidifiers on the market. They all add moisture… with
varying degrees of efficiency. None, however, can provide the features,
design, and performance incorporated into your Aprilaire Humidifier.
-3-
II. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS- 448, 558, 568, 768
There are two possible modes of operation of your Aprilaire Humidifier
Control - Automatic and Manual. An explanation of both follows:
Automatic Mode: (Manual Mode-see pg 6)
Your Humidifier Control is installed in the cold air return. During the first
heating season, your Humidifier Control needs to be set initially to
match your home’s condition. Please follow these steps when adjusting
your control (refer to Figure A).
1. Turn the dial setting knob to “5,” which is within the normal range.
During the next 24-48 hours it may be necessary to adjust the dial for
more or less humidity, depending on your personal comfort and home’s
requirements. Refer to the “Operation Guide” (Table 1).
2. During the coldest portion of the first heating season, minor
adjustments may be necessary. This is dependent upon your individual
home construction, refer to the “Operation Guide” (Table 1).
TABLE 1 – Operation Guide
Condition
Solution
Condensation on windows
Reduce the setting on the control dial
by 1 increment.
Lack of humidity
Increase the setting on the control dial
by 1 increment.
Humidifier does not operate
Turn dial to “Test.” Make certain furnace
blower is operating and furnace is calling
for heat. If unit still doesn’t operate,
consult a heating contractor.
Humidifier won’t shut off
Turn dial to “Off.” If unit continues to
operate, consult a heating contractor.
Test mode
System operation is checked by setting the
knob to “Test.” Make certain furnace blower
is operating and furnace is calling for heat.
Humidifier will operate for one minute.
The relative humidity in your home
will now be accurately controlled
to meet your needs and should not
need further adjustment during
future heating seasons. Make note
of the dial setting in the event you
temporarily move the knob when
performing annual maintenance of
the Aprilaire Humidifier.
FIGURE A
7
5
s
Te
t
NOR
MA
L
6
4
3
Off
2
1
AUTOMATIC MODE
-4-
Your Aprilaire Automatic Humidifier, is a high precision system that will
accurately maintain the relative humidity in your home. For every 1°
change in outdoor temperature, the control will automatically adjust the
indoor relative humidity (RH) by 1/2%. If you would like to determine the
RH in your home, follow these steps:
1. Determine the outdoor temperature.
2. Activate the furnace blower by setting your thermostat to a higher
temperature.
3. Turn the control dial setting to the “Off” position. Then, slowly turn the dial
clockwise until you hear the solenoid valve “click on.” Next, slowly turn the
dial counter clockwise until you hear the solenoid valve “click off.” At this
point, make note of the dial setting.
4. Locate your dial setting on Table 2. Follow the dial setting to the right
until it intersects with the current outdoor temperature. This is the
relative humidity in your home under existing conditions.
5. Return the thermostat and the Humidifier Control to their original
settings.
The Automatic Humidifier will accurately control the humidity in your
home to a maximum of 45% RH and a minimum of 10% RH. The values of
outdoor temperature and dial settings may fall in between or outside of
the listed values in Table 2. In these cases, you can only approximate your
home’s actual indoor RH.
TABLE 2 – % Relative Humidity Guide
Dial Setting
Outdoor Temperature (°F)
-10
0
10
20
30
40
1
10
10
10
15
20
25
2
10
10
15
20
25
30
3
10
15
20
25
30
35
4
15
20
25
30
35
40
5
20
25
30
35
40
45
6
25
30
35
40
45
45
7
30
35
40
45
45
45
As an example, if the outdoor temperature is 20°F, and, following step 3,
the humidifier turns off at “5” on the dial range, then the RH in your home is 35%.
-5-
Manual Mode: (Automatic Mode – see pg 4)
Your Aprilaire Humidifier is controlled by a Humidifier Control installed
either in the living area or in the cold air return. It is important to anticipate
a drop in outdoor temperature and reduce the setting accordingly to avoid
excessive condensation. For example, with an outdoor temperature of 20°
the correct setting will be 35% relative humidity. If the temperature is
expected to fall to 0° that evening, then merely reduce the setting to 25%
several hours prior to the temperature change.
The recommended settings on the Humidifier Control are based on years
of research (see Table 3) and experience for the average home. These
settings represent a compromise between RH levels that would be most
desirable for comfort reasons and humidity levels that are suitable for
protection of your home. For example, a wintertime indoor RH of 50% may
be considered ideal for comfort, but unfortunately, it probably would
result in damage to your home. Observance of the recommended RH
levels on your Humidifier Control, therefore, is an important safeguard.
Condensation of water on inside windows in the form of fogging or frost
is usually an indication of too much relative humidity. This same
condensation can take place in other areas in your home with the
possibility of damage resulting.
TABLE 3 – Outdoor-Indoor Relative Humidity
Outside Temperature
Recommended RH
+40°F
+30°F
+20°F
+10°F
0°F
–10°F
–20°F
45%
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
If you would like to determine the RH in your home, follow these steps:
1. Activate the furnace blower by setting your thermostat to a higher
temperature.
2. Turn the control dial setting to the “Off” position. Then, slowly turn the
dial clockwise until you hear the solenoid valve”click on”. Next, slowly
turn the dial counter clockwise until you hear the solenoid valve “click
off”. This is the relative humidity in your home under existing
conditions.
3. Return the thermostat and the Humidifier Control to their original
settings.
-6-
III. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS- 110, 112, 220,
224, 350, 360, 440, 560, 760
Your new Aprilaire Humidifier is controlled by a manual humidistat
installed either in the living area or in the cold air return. It is important to
anticipate a drop in temperature and reduce the setting accordingly to
avoid excessive condensation. For example. with an outside temperature
of 20˚ the correct setting will be 35% relative humidity. If the temperature
is expected to fall to 0˚ that evening, then merely reduce the setting to
25% several hours prior to the temperature change (see table 3).
The humidistat is a precision instrument that can be used to determine
the RH accurately in your home during the winter. Turn the dial to a lower
setting, then reverse the dial direction slowly until a “click” is heard. At
this point, read the RH on the dial. This will be very close to the actual RH
in your home.
IV. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION- ALL MODELS
To check the humidifier operation, set the Humidifier Control above the
click point, make sure that the water saddle valve is open and that there is
electricity to the unit. With all models except the 350 and 360 Aprilaire
Humidifiers, the furnace blower motor must be operating for the Aprilaire
Humidifier to function. After the humidifier has operated for several
minutes and water is entering the unit and coming out at the drain, reduce
the setting below the click point and the unit should automatically shut off.
Be sure to keep fireplace dampers closed when not in use. They provide
an excellent escape route for heat, as well as humidity.
On occasion, indoor moisture producing activities such as clothes drying,
cooking, showers, etc., may raise the relative humidity level higher than it
should be, even though the Aprilaire Humidifier is not operating. Telltale
indications are condensation or frost on cold surfaces such as windows,
doors, walls, etc. If such condensation persists for several hours, your
home should be ventilated to dissipate the potential damaging excess
moisture levels.
V. EFFECT OF WATER CHARACTERISTICS
Your humidifier will operate effectively using either hot, cold, hard or
mechanically softened water. Whether to use available tap water, even
though it may be quite hard, or chemically softened water, is a common
concern to homeowners when installing a humidifier.
-7-
Water used in homes contains varying amounts of minerals. The residue
remaining as a result of hard water evaporation is primarily calcium and
magnesium components and is usually quite hard, scaly, and dense.
Residue from softened water tends to be soft and fluffy and has a greater
volume than hard water scale. The service life of a Water Panel
evaporator may be extended by using hard water, but in either case, the
Water Panel evaporator is usually changed once a year.
In the drain-equipped models, most of these solids are effectively
controlled by flushing them down the drain.
In the Models 448 and 445 Aprilaire Humidifiers, these solids will build up
on the evaporator surface, in the reservoir and pump section. This is why
proper maintenance is important and necessary. Service hot water, 140°
maximum, is recommended with drain type units for increasing capacity
and for heat pump applications.
VI. ANNUAL MAINTENANCE
For best performance, we recommend that you replace the water
panel evaporator in your Aprilaire Humidifier annually. See
individual model instructions for additional maintenance.
To purchase a Water Panel:
• Call the installer of your Aprilaire Humidifier.
This information is often found on your equipment.
• Call your heating and air conditioning dealer.
• Use our “Dealer Locator” at: www.aprilaire.com
• Look in the Yellow Pages under Humidifying Apparatus
or Heating & Air Conditioner Contractors.
• If none of the above is successful and you still need
information, please feel free to write us.
VII. ANNUAL SUMMER SHUTDOWN
For Models 220, 224, 440, 445, 448, 558, 560, and 568 close the bypass
damper in the bypass pipe. For the Models 445 and 448, empty the
reservoir.
-8-
HUMIDIFIER CONTROL:
Humidifiers controlled by the Humidifier Control require no control
adjustment. Shut off the water supply to the humidifier by closing the
saddle valve.
MANUAL HUMIDISTAT:
For humidifiers controlled by a manual humidistat, simply turn the
humidistat to the “Off” position. Shut off the water supply to the
humidifier by closing the saddle valve.
VIII. PERIODIC PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
NOTE: Periodic inspection and preventive maintenance of your total
heating system is important for efficient and safe operation. Your heating
contractor should include humidifier service at the same time.
All models, except No’s. 448 and 445, are equipped with an in-line water
strainer and orifice as shown below. These parts should be inspected and
cleaned periodically to assure continued proper unit performance.
INSPECTION AND SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
1. Disconnect electrical power to the furnace and
shut off water supply.
2. Disconnect the water line at the inlet
compression nut.
3. Remove the in-line strainer from inside the inlet
fitting by using a small nail or wire.
4. Flush the in-line strainer clean or replace with a
new strainer, Service Department, Part No. 4004.
5. Replace the in-line strainer and reconnect the
inlet water line.
(Double Wrench To Prevent Leaking.)
6. Disconnect the water line at the outlet
compression nut.
7. For units with plastic feed tubes, inspect the tube by gently flexing it and
looking for cracks or signs of wear. Replace tube if it is cracked, brittle or has
been damaged.
8. Remove the orifice from the copper or plastic tube and make sure this small
opening is unplugged.
9. Replace the orifice and reconnect the outlet water line.
(Double Wrench To Prevent Leaking.)
10. Remove the drain hose from the bottom of the unit and flex it to remove any
mineral deposits or blockage. Flush the hose with water under pressure to
clear it of any debris. Make sure the drain hose has a constant downward
slope and is not flattened or blocked.
11. Turn on water supply and reconnect electrical power to the furnace.
-9-
MODELS 110-112
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS for
APRILAIRE HUMIDIFIER MODELS 110-112
WARNING! 120 volts may cause serious injury from electrical shock.
Disconnect power and shut off water supply before servicing.
1. Water Supply Line
2
2. Feed Tube
6
3. Swing Locks
4. Closure Clip
5. Closure Clip
6. Distribution Pan Cover
4
4
3
1
5
1. Note Humidistat setting and turn dial to the “off” position.
2. Disconnect electrical power and turn off water supply.
3. Disconnect: a) 120 volt electrical service. b) Copper water supply line (1)
& feed tube (2). c) Drain line. d) 24 volt leads.
4. Turn two swing locks (3), one at either side of lower housing off humidifier flange.
5. Lift humidifier straight up until bottom of unit clears lip of lower housing.
Pull unit out at bottom, lower and remove.
6. Slide off three closure clips (4 & 5) that holds 2 halves of unit together.
7. Remove upper half of unit.
8. Remove Water Panel evaporator and Scale Control Insert. Remove Water Panel
evaporator from Insert and clean Insert by flexing or using putty knife. Inspect
Water Panel evaporator and replace with a new Water Panel evaporator
(Stock No. 10 for Model 110 and Stock No. 12 for Model 112), with colored spot up.
9. Remove the plastic drain hose from the bottom of the unit and flex it to loosen the
internal calcium deposits. Then flush it with water under pressure and slip it back
onto the black drain fitting. Make sure the drain hose has a constant downward
slope and is not flattened or blocked.
10. Remove the water distribution pan cover (6) and clean “V” openings in water
distribution section but do not scrape off granular coating from bottom. This helps
to insure proper, even water flow for maximum performance. See page 2 if removed.
11. Oil motor with 2 drops of SAE 20 oil in oil holes at each end of motor housing.
12. IMPORTANT: When installing Scale Control Insert and Water Panel evaporator in
the humidifier, the Insert spout must discharge directly into unit drain.
13. Reassemble unit, position feed tube in compression fitting, tighten compression
nuts and secure copper feed tube to upper housing with feed tube clamp.
14. In reverse order, complete steps 1 and 4 to reinstall your humidifier, and check
unit operation.
- 10 -
CAUTION! Sudden operation may cause personal injury or property
damage. Turn humidistat to “off” or lowest setting before servicing.
5
1
6
1
2
2
4
3
3
1. “Z” Clip
2. Closure Clip
1
3. Closure Clip
4. Compression Fitting
5. Distribution Pan Cover
6. Feed Tube
1. Note Humidistat setting and turn dial to the “off” position.
2. Turn off water supply and turn down humidistat.
3. Remove three “Z” clips (1) that hold top half of unit to furnace plenum.
4. Slide off four closure clips (2 & 3) that hold two halves of unit together.
5. Loosen compression fitting (4) on copper feed tube (6) and remove.
6. Remove top screw holding sheet metal elbow to humidifier.
7. Remove top half of unit (lift straight up).
8. Remove the water distribution pan cover (5) and clean “V” openings in water
distribution section but do not scrape off granular coating from bottom. This helps
to insure proper, even water flow for maximum performance. See page 3 if removed.
9. Remove Water Panel evaporator and Scale Control Insert. Remove Water Panel
evaporator from Insert and clean Insert by flexing or using putty knife. Inspect
Water Panel evaporator and replace with a new Water Panel evaporator
(Stock No. 10 for Model 220 and Stock No. 12 for Model 224), with colored spot up.
10. Remove the drain hose from the bottom of the unit and flex it to loosen the internal
calcium deposits. Then flush it with water under pressure and slip it back onto the
black drain fitting. Make sure the drain hose has a constant downward slope and is
not flattened or blocked.
11. IMPORTANT: When installing the Scale Control Insert and Water Panel evaporator
in the humidifier, the Insert spout must discharge directly into unit drain.
12. Reassemble unit, position feed tube in compression fitting, tighten compression
nuts and secure copper feed tube to upper housing with feed tube clamp. Attach to
furnace plenum.
13. Turn on water supply, turn up humidistat and check unit operation.
- 11 -
MODELS 220-224
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS for
APRILAIRE HUMIDIFIER MODELS 220-224
MODELS 350-360
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS for
APRILAIRE HUMIDIFIER MODELS 350-360
WARNING! 120 volts may cause serious injury from electrical shock.
Disconnect power and shut off water supply before servicing.
4
2
9
5
3
1. Inlet Grille
2. Distribution Tray
8
3. Scale Control Insert
4. Distribution Tray Cover
5. Water Panel
6
7
6. Drain Spud
7. Power Cord
1
8. Metal Housing
9. Evaporative Assembly
1. Note Humidistat setting and turn dial to the “off” position.
2. Disconnect electrical power and turn off water supply.
3. Remove screws of the inlet grille (1). The grille can now be removed from the metal
housing (8).
4. Lift the complete plastic framed evaporative section out of the humidifier housing.
5. To remove the distribution tray (2) from evaporative assembly (9), push down on tray
and pull out on white plastic frame (Scale Control Insert) (3). To clean the “V”
openings of the tray, it will be necessary to gently pry the distribution tray cover (4)
from the tray. Follow instructions below depending upon the type of distribution tray
in your humidifier.
For trays with a synthetic fabric liner: Lightly scrape out or brush off any mineral
deposits, being careful not to stretch or loosen the synthetic fabric liner. Soaking the
tray in vinegar or a lime-removing agent is helpful when trying to remove stubborn
mineral deposits.
For trays with granular coating: Do not scrape off the granular coating, but lightly
scrape out any mineral deposits and clean the “V” notches. This textured surface
helps ensure even water flow for maximum performance. See page 3 if removed.
6. Remove Water Panel evaporator (5) from the Scale Control Insert (3). Scrape the
Insert with a putty knife or similar tool and flush clean with water. Install new Water
Panel evaporator (Stock No. 35). Snap plastic cover into tray and tray into Scale
Control Insert.
7. Inspect the plastic feed tube by gently flexing it and looking for cracks or signs of
wear. Replace tube if it is cracked, brittle or has been damaged.
8. Remove the drain hose from the bottom of the unit and flex it to loosen the internal
calcium deposits. Then flush it with water under pressure and slip it back onto the
black drain fitting (6). Make sure the drain hose has a constant downward slope and
is not flattened or blocked.
9. Re-install complete plastic framed evaporative section and intake grille.
10. Reconnect electrical power.
11. Turn on water supply and check unit operation.
- 12 -
CAUTION! Sudden operation
may cause personal injury or
property damage. Turn
humidistat to “off” or lowest
setting before servicing.
5
2
3
4
1
1
1. Note humidistat setting and turn
dial to the “Off” position.
2. Remove two aluminum knobs (1),
swing up and remove top cover (2)
from humidifier.
MODELS
440, 445 & 448
3. Place finger under plastic water
nozzle (3) at top of water
distribution tray (4). Lift up to pop
outlet loose from hole and notch in distribution tray.
4. Tip forward and lift the complete plastic framed
evaporative assembly out of the humidifier.
1. Cover Knob
2. Top Cover
3. Feed Nozzle
4. Distribution Tray
5. To remove plastic water distribution tray from evaporative
5. Metal Frame
assembly, push down on pan and out on plastic frame
(Scale Control Insert). Follow instructions below depending
upon the type of distribution tray in your humidifier.
For trays with a synthetic fabric liner: Lightly scrape out or brush off any mineral
deposits, being careful not to stretch or loosen the synthetic fabric liner. Soaking
the tray in vinegar or a lime-removing agent is helpful when trying to remove
stubborn mineral deposits.
For trays with granular coating: Do not scrape off the granular coating, but lightly
scrape out any mineral deposits and clean the “V” notches. This textured surface
helps ensure even water flow for maximum performance. See page 3 if removed.
6. Remove Water Panel evaporator from Scale Control Insert and clean Insert by
flexing or using putty knife. Inspect Water Panel evaporator (Stock No. 12) and
replace if necessary with colored spot up. Snap plastic water distribution tray back
in place.
7. For units with plastic feed tubes, inspect the tube by gently flexing it and looking for
cracks or signs of wear. Replace tube if it is cracked, brittle or has been damaged.
8. Reinstall evaporative section in the humidifier with notch and hole in plastic water
distribution pan toward you. Pop nozzle fitting on end of feed tube into plastic water
distribution pan.
9. To reinstall top cover, hook back under lip of metal frame (5), drop in place and
tighten two aluminum knobs.
10. Remove drain hose and flush with water under pressure. Mineral deposits in hose
may be loosened by flexing hose.
11. Reattach drain hose. Make sure the drain hose has a constant downward slope
and is not flattened or blocked.
12. Turn humidistat to highest setting and make sure the furnace blower
is operating. Humidifier will operate if RH is less than 50%.
13. Set humidistat to its original position.
- 13 -
MODEL 440
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS for
APRILAIRE HUMIDIFIER MODEL 440
MODELS 445-448
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS for
APRILAIRE HUMIDIFIER MODELS 445-448
WARNING! 120 volts may cause
serious injury from electrical
2
shock. Disconnect power and
shut off water supply before
servicing.
1
5
3
4
1
1. Note humidistat or Humidifier
Control setting and turn dial to the
“Off” position.
2. Disconnect electrical power and turn
off water supply.
MODELS
440, 445 & 448
3. Remove two aluminum knobs (1),
swing up and remove top cover (2)
from humidifier.
1. Cover Knob
4. Place finger under plastic water nozzle (3) at top of water
distribution tray (4). Lift up to pop outlet loose from hole and
notch in distribution tray.
5. Tip forward and lift the complete plastic framed evaporative
section out of the humidifier.
2. Top Cover
3. Feed Nozzle
4. Distribution Tray
5. Metal Frame
6. To remove plastic water distribution tray from evaporative
section, push down on pan and out on plastic frame (Scale Control Insert). Follow
instructions below depending upon the type of distribution tray in your humidifier.
For trays with a synthetic fabric liner: Lightly scrape out or brush off any mineral
deposits, being careful not to stretch or loosen the synthetic fabric liner. Soaking
the tray in vinegar or a lime-removing agent is helpful when trying to remove
stubborn mineral deposits.
For trays with granular coating: Do not scrape off the granular coating, but lightly
scrape out any mineral deposits and clean the “V” notches. This textured surface
helps ensure even water flow for maximum performance. See page 3 if removed.
7. Remove Water Panel evaporator and Scale Control Insert. Remove Water Panel
evaporator from Insert and clean insert by flexing or using putty knife. Inspect
Water Panel evaporator and replace with a new Water Panel evaporator, if
necessary, with colored spot up.
8. Re-install water distribution tray. Reinstall evaporative section in the humidifier,
with notch and hole in distribution tray toward you. Pop hose fitting on end of feed
tube into distribution tray.
9. See page 15 for reservoir and pump cleaning.
- 14 -
WARNING! 120 volts may cause serious injury from electrical shock.
Disconnect power and shut off water supply before servicing.
IMPORTANT: Clean and refill reservoir, hose, pump and float every
30 days during heating season.
1. Pump Impellor Cap
2. Cap Sides
3. Impellor
4. Cap Flow Control Opening
5. Float
6. Arm Mechanism
3
5
2
2
4
6
1
A. TO CLEAN RESERVOIR
1. Hold bottom of reservoir (IT IS FILLED
WITH WATER) and loosen retainer knob.
Carefully lower reservoir, disengaging
from metal frame.
2. Empty water, remove partition and
reservoir liner.
3. Clean or replace reservoir liner. Reinstall
partition in liner. To replace reservoir,
hook back of reservoir over lip of dark
metal frame and tighten knob.
B. TO CLEAN HOSE
1. Disconnect hose from pump and pull
hose up through hole.
2. Flex hose to loosen scale and flush clean
with a stream of water.
3. Clean nozzle at the same time.
C. TO CLEAN PUMP
1. Remove pump impellor cap (1) by
pushing down on projecting sides (2).
2. Clean scale from inside of cover and
impellor (3) with dull blade.
3. Clean flow control (4) in pump outlet with
5/32” bit.
4. Snap pump impellor cap (1) back in
place.
5. Pull water hose down through hole,
connect to pump, and attach nozzle into
water distribution tray.
D. TO CLEAN FLOAT
1. Clean scale off float (5) and arm
mechanism (6) with dull blade.
2. Work arm mechanism (6) up and down to
dislodge any scale buildup.
E. TO OIL MOTOR
1. Disconnect water line at valve inlet and
swing line free. Disconnect the
humidistat leads.
2. Remove the three screws from the
brown motor cover and remove.
3. Use two drops SAE 20 oil in the yellow
hole on top and inside the yellow mark
on the side of the motor.
F. TO REASSEMBLE
1. Replace motor cover.
2. To reinstall reservoir, hook back of
reservoir over lip of dark brown metal
frame and tighten knob.
3. Reconnect water at valve inlet.
4. To reinstall top cover, hook back under
lip of dark brown metal frame and tighten
two knobs.
5. Reconnect humidistat or control leads
and electrical power.
6. Turn on water supply and fill reservoir in
the fall.
7. Check unit operation.
8. Check system operation:
Manual Humidistat: Turn up humidistat to
highest setting and make sure the
furnace blower is operating. Humidifier
will operate if RH is less than 50%.
Humidifier Control: Check system
operation by setting the knob to “Test.”
With furnace blower operating and
furnace calling for heat, humidifier will
operate for one minute.
9. Set humidistat or Control to its original
position.
- 15 -
MODELS 445-448
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS for
MODELS 445-448 RESERVOIR PUMP SECTIONS
MODELS 558-560-568
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS for
APRILAIRE HUMIDIFIER MODELS 558-560-568
CAUTION! Sudden operation may cause personal injury or
property damage. Turn humidistat or control to “off” or lowest
setting before servicing.
3 5 6
1
4
8
7
9
2
1. Front Cover
2. Feed Tube
3. Nozzle
4. Water Panel
Evaporative Assembly
5. Distribution Tray
6. ”V” Notches
7. Water Panel
8. Scale Control Insert
9. Drain Hose
1. Note humidistat or Humidifier Control setting and turn dial to the “OFF” position.
2. Turn off water supply.
3. At the side of the unit opposite the airflow duct pull front cover (1) off holding with both hands
and set aside.
4. Carefully pull the plastic feed tube (2) out of the nozzle (3) at the top of the Water Panel
evaporative assembly (4). Pull this assembly out by grasping at top and tipping out.
5. Remove the plastic distribution tray (5) from the evaporative assembly by unsnapping the
plastic holding strips from the tabs at the end of the tray. Follow instructions below
depending upon the type of distribution tray in your humidifier.
For trays with a synthetic fabric liner: Lightly scrape out or brush off any mineral deposits,
being careful not to stretch or loosen the synthetic fabric liner. Soaking the tray in vinegar or
a lime-removing agent is helpful when trying to remove stubborn mineral deposits.
For trays with granular coating: Do not scrape off the granular coating, but lightly scrape out
any mineral deposits and clean the “V” notches. This textured surface helps ensure even
water flow for maximum performance. See page 3 if removed.
6. Slide the Water Panel evaporator (7) out from the plastic Scale Control Insert (8). Clean the
insert frame by twisting and flexing it to loosen the calcium deposits, or use a putty knife.
Inspect the Water Panel evaporator (Stock No. 35 for Model 560) and substitute a new one if
necessary. Slide the pad back into the insert frame with the colored spot up and snap the
distributor tray back into place.
7. Inspect the plastic feed tube by gently flexing it and looking for cracks or signs of wear.
Replace tube if it is cracked, brittle, or has been damaged.
8. Re-install the Water Panel evaporative assembly into the unit by fitting its drain into the round
receptacle at the base of the unit. Push the assembly in at the top against the beveled tabs
that will hold it in place. Push the end of the feed tube back firmly into the nozzle and replace
the front cover.
9. Remove the drain hose (9) from the bottom of the unit and flex it to loosen the internal mineral
deposits. Then flush it with water under pressure and slip it back onto the black drain fitting.
Make sure the drain hose has a constant downward slope and is not flattened or blocked.
10. Turn on water supply.
11. Check system operation:
Manual Humidistat: Turn up humidistat to highest setting and make sure the furnace blower
is operating. Humidifier will operate if RH is less than 50%.
Humidifier Control: Check system operation by setting the knob to “Test.” With furnace
blower operating and furnace calling for heat, humidifier will operate for one minute.
12. Set humidistat or Control to its original position.
- 16 -
WARNING! 120 volts may cause serious injury from
electrical shock. Disconnect power and shut off water
supply before servicing.
5
2
3
1. Front Cover
4
1
2. Base
6
7
3. Evaporative
Assembly
MODELS 760-768
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS for
APRILAIRE HUMIDIFIER MODELS 760-768
4. Distribution Tray
5. ”V” Notches
6. Water Panel
7. Scale Control Insert
8. Drain Hose
9. Power Cord
8
9
1. Note humidistat or Humidifier Control setting and turn dial to the “OFF” position.
2. Disconnect electrical power and turn off water supply.
3. Unlatch humidifier cover assembly (1) from base assembly (2) at the bottom of the cover, lift, and
set aside.
4. Pull out the evaporative assembly (3) by grasping at the top and tipping out.
5. Remove the distribution tray (4) from the evaporative assembly (3) by unsnapping the plastic
holding strips from the tabs at the end of the tray. Follow instructions below depending upon the
type of distribution tray in your humidifier.
For trays with a synthetic fabric liner: Lightly scrape out or brush off any mineral deposits, being
careful not to stretch or loosen the synthetic fabric liner. Soaking the tray in vinegar or a limeremoving agent is helpful when trying to remove stubborn mineral deposits.
For trays with granular coating: Do not scrape off the granular coating, but lightly scrape out any
mineral deposits and clean the “V” notches. This textured surface helps ensure even water flow
for maximum performance. See page 3 if removed.
6. Slide the Water Panel evaporator (6) out from the plastic scale control insert (7). Clean the insert
frame by twisting and flexing it to loosen the mineral deposits or use a putty knife. Replace Water
Panel evaporator annually with a new Water Panel evaporator (Stock No. 35). Slide the Water
Panel evaporator back into the scale control insert with the colored spot up and snap the
distribution tray (4) back into place.
7. Inspect the plastic feed tube by gently flexing it and looking for cracks or signs of wear. Replace
tube if it is cracked, brittle or has been damaged.
8. Re-install the evaporative assembly (3) into the base assembly (2). Push the evaporative assembly
(3) in at the top between the retaining ribs that hold the assembly in place in a vertical position.
9. Remove the drain hose (8) from the bottom of the unit. Flex it to loosen the internal mineral
deposits. Then flush it with water under pressure and slip it back onto the drain fitting. Make sure
the drain hose has a constant downward slope and is not flattened or blocked
10. Reinstall cover assembly (1) by hooking at the top of the base assembly (2) and latching at the
bottom.
11. Reconnect electrical power (9) and turn on the water supply.
12. Check system operation:
Manual Humidistat: Turn up humidistat to highest setting and make sure the furnace blower is
operating. Humidifier will operate if RH is less than 50%.
Humidifier Control: Check system operation by setting the knob to “Test.” With furnace blower
operating and furnace calling for heat, humidifier will operate for one minute.
13. Set humidistat or Humidifier Control to its original position.
- 17 -
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIMITED WARRANTY
Your Research Products Corporation Aprilaire Humidifier unit is expressly warranted for one (1)
year from date of installation to be free from defects except, however, for the disposable Water
Panel which will have to be replaced from time to time depending upon the amount of use.
®
Research Products Corporation’s exclusive obligation under this warranty shall be to supply,
without charge, a replacement for any part of the humidifier which is found to be defective
within one (1) year period and which is returned not later than thirty (30) days after said one (1)
year period by you to either your original supplier or to Research Products Corporation, Madison,
Wisconsin 53701, together with the model number, manufacturing code number and installation
date of the humidifier.
THIS WARRANTY SHALL NOT OBLIGATE RESEARCH PRODUCTS CORPORATION FOR ANY LABOR
COSTS AND SHALL NOT APPLY TO DEFECTS IN WORKMANSHIP OR MATERIALS FURNISHED BY
YOUR INSTALLER AS CONTRASTED TO DEFECTS IN THE HUMIDIFIER ITSELF.
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
SHALL BE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE AFORESAID ONE YEAR PERIOD. RESEARCH
PRODUCTS CORPORATION’S LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES,
OTHER THAN DAMAGES FOR PERSONAL INJURIES, RESULTING FROM ANY BREACH OF THE
AFORESAID IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR THE ABOVE LIMITED WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY
EXCLUDED. THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS VOID IF DEFECT(S) RESULT FROM FAILURE TO HAVE
THIS UNIT INSTALLED BY A QUALIFIED HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING CONTRACTOR. IF
THE LIMITED WARRANTY IS VOID DUE TO FAILURE TO USE A QUALIFIED CONTRACTOR, ALL
DISCLAIMERS OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES SHALL BE EFFECTIVE UPON INSTALLATION.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts or the exclusion or
limitation of incidental or consequential damages so the above exclusion or limitations may not
apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights which vary from
state to state.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
WARRANTY REGISTRATION
Visit us on-line at www.aprilaire.com to register your Aprilaire product.
If you do not have on-line access, please mail a postcard with your name, address,
phone number, product purchased and date of purchase to:
Research Products Corporation, P.O. BOX 1828, Madison, WI 53701
Your Warranty Registration information will not be sold or shared outside of this company.
Thank you!
Intelligent Solutions for Indoor Environments
™
An entire line of indoor air quality solutions gives you products that are
the best in their categories,and together set a new standard for
performance and reliability. Intuitive to use. Easy to maintain.
Aprilaire products enhance your comfort, health and energy efficiency.
• Automatic Humidifiers • Electronic Thermostats • Ventilation
• UV Germicidal Lamps • Zoned Comfort Control
• High Efficiency Air Cleaners • Dehumidifiers
PO BOX 1467 • MADISON, WI 53701-1467
10006406 02.05
B2203620A
- 18 -
©2005 Research Products Corp.
Printed in USA
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