DRAFT
IntraSwitch™ 5324
User’s Manual
Asanté Technologies, Inc.
821 Fox Lane
San Jose, CA 95131
www.asante.com
1.800.662.9686
July 1997
Part Number: 06-00316-01 Rev. A
Copyright 1997 by Asanté Technologies, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this manual, or any associated artwork, software, product,
design or design concept, may be copied, reproduced or stored, in whole or in part, in any
form or by any means mechanical, electronic, optical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, including translation to another language or format, without the express written consent of Asanté Technologies, Inc.
Printed in the United States of America.
Trademarks
Asanté and IntraSwitch are trademarks of Asanté Technologies, Inc. All other product
names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
FCC Information
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment.This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy,
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area
is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case you must correct the interference at
your own expense.
Product Warranty
This IntraSwitch 5324 has a three-year warranty which applies to the original purchaser of
the product. Asanté Technologies, Inc. warrants that this product will be free from defects
in title, materials, and manufacturing workmanship during the warranty period. If the
IntraSwitch is found to be defective, then, as your sole remedy and as the manufacturer’s
only responsibility, Asanté Technologies, Inc. will repair or replace the product provided
that (1) you call Asanté Technologies, Inc. for a Returned Merchandise Authorization (RMA)
number, that (2) you clearly write the RMA number on the outside of the package, and that
(3) you return it, postage prepaid, during the warranty period.This warranty is exclusive
and is limited to the IntraSwitch 5324.This warranty shall not apply to IntraSwitch products that have been subject to abuse, misuse, abnormal electrical or environmental conditions, or any condition other than what can be considered normal use.
Note: The warranty card must be filed with Asanté Technologies, Inc. within 30 days after
the date of purchase.
Warranty Disclaimers
Asanté Technologies, Inc. makes no other warranties, express, implied, or otherwise,
regarding the IntraSwitch 5324, and specifically disclaims any warranty for merchantability
or fitness for a particular purpose.
The exclusion of implied warranties is not permitted in some states and exclusions specified herein may not apply to you.This warranty provides you with specific legal rights.
There may be other rights you have which vary from state to state.
Limitation of Liability
The liability of Asanté Technologies, Inc. arising from this warranty and sale shall be limited
to a refund of the purchase price. In no event shall Asanté Technologies, Inc. be liable for
costs of procurement or substitute products or services, or for any lost profits, or for any
consequential, incidental, direct damages, however caused and on any theory of liability,
arising form this warranty and sale.These limitations shall apply notwithstanding any failure of essential purpose of any limited remedy.
Table of Contents
List of Figures ........................................................................ix
List of Tables..........................................................................xi
Preface .................................................................................xiii
Asking for Assistance ....................................................................xiv
Contacting Technical Support ................................................xiv
Manual Contents .............................................................................xv
Document Conventions.................................................................xvi
Audience ........................................................................................xvi
Introduction ....................................................................... 1-1
IntraSwitch 5324............................................................................1-2
IntraSwitch Components ........................................................1-3
10/100TX Port..................................................................1-3
10Base-T Ports ..................................................................1-3
Management Connections................................................1-3
MII Expansion Slots ..........................................................1-3
Redundant Power Supply Connector...............................1-3
Power Switch ...................................................................1-3
Power Supply Connector .................................................1-3
Configuration/ Management ...................................................1-4
Console/Telnet Management ...........................................1-4
SNMP-Based Management ................................................1-4
Web Browser Management ..............................................1-4
Switching Capacity .................................................................1-5
Features ...................................................................................1-6
Package Contents....................................................................1-7
Tools and Materials .................................................................1-8
Factory Defaults ......................................................................1-9
Page iii
Installation ........................................................................ 2-1
Installing the IntraSwitch...............................................................2-2
Installation Guidelines.............................................................2-2
Power Requirements........................................................2-2
Environmental Requirements...........................................2-2
Cooling and Airflow .........................................................2-2
Installation Overview ..............................................................2-3
Connecting Power ..................................................................2-4
Rack Mounting/Desktop Placement .......................................2-5
Equipment Rack Installation ............................................2-5
Free-Standing Installation .................................................2-6
Connecting to the Network ....................................................2-7
10Base-T Ports ..................................................................2-7
10/100TX Port..................................................................2-7
MII Ports ...........................................................................2-8
10/100TX Module......................................................2-8
100Base-FX Module ...................................................2-8
10Base-FL Module......................................................2-8
Cabling Scenarios Diagram..............................................2-9
Setting up for Management...................................................2-10
BootP Configuration.......................................................2-10
Console Configuration ...................................................2-11
Installing MII Modules...........................................................2-13
LED Indicators .................................................................... 3-1
LED Indicators................................................................................3-2
Port LEDs.................................................................................3-3
Power LED ..............................................................................3-4
Diagnostic LEDs ......................................................................3-4
Page iv
Setting Up For Management ........................................... 4-1
IntraSwitch Management ...............................................................4-2
Overview.................................................................................4-2
Management Scenarios.....................................................4-3
Out-of-Band Management........................................................4-4
In-Band Management...............................................................4-6
Console Management ....................................................... 5-1
Console Management.....................................................................5-2
Overview.................................................................................5-2
Management Tasks ..................................................................5-3
Local Management Interface ...................................................5-4
Main Menu........................................................................5-4
Accessing a Submenu .......................................................5-4
Exiting a Submenu ...........................................................5-4
General Information Menu......................................................5-5
Configuration Menu ................................................................5-6
Logging into the Configuration Menu ..............................5-6
Configure System Administration Information.................5-9
Changing System Administration Information ........5-10
Configure TCP/IP Parameters ........................................5-11
Changing TCP/IP Information .................................5-12
Configure Bootstrap Parameters ....................................5-13
Performing a Software Upgrade ..............................5-15
Configure SNMP Parameters ..........................................5-16
Changing Community Strings..................................5-17
Enabling Traps .........................................................5-18
Adding a Trap Receiver Entry..................................5-18
Deleting a Trap Receiver Entry................................5-19
Configure Port Parameters .............................................5-20
Enabling/Disabling a Port ........................................5-22
Configuring Full Duplex..........................................5-22
Page v
Configuring Auto-Negotiation .................................5-23
Configure RMON Parameters .........................................5-24
Configure MAC Forwarding Table Parameters...............5-25
Displaying the MAC Forwarding Table....................5-26
Finding an Entry in the MAC Forwarding Table......5-27
Setting the Age Out Timer.......................................5-27
Configure Spanning Tree Parameters.............................5-28
Enabling/Disabling Spanning Tree on ALL Ports.....5-30
Enabling/Disabling Spanning Tree on a Single Port 5-30
Set Telnet Idle Time Out ................................................5-32
Set Console Password.....................................................5-33
Reset EEPROM to Default...............................................5-34
Resetting the IntraSwitch...............................................5-35
Statistics Menu ......................................................................5-36
Status Monitoring and Statistics ..................................... 6-1
Monitoring the IntraSwitch............................................................6-2
Viewing the Current Operating Information ..........................6-2
Viewing Statistics ....................................................................6-4
Selecting a Port..........................................................6-5
Monitoring Counters .................................................6-5
Resetting Statistics .....................................................6-6
Stopping Statistics .....................................................6-6
Exiting the Statistics Menu ........................................6-6
Counter Descriptions ................................................6-6
Advanced Management .................................................... 7-1
Advanced Management..................................................................7-2
RMON Overview.....................................................................7-2
Benefits of RMON ...................................................................7-2
Configuring RMON Parameters...............................................7-3
RMON History Group................................................7-4
RMON Alarm Group ..................................................7-9
RMON Event Group ................................................7-15
Page vi
Troubleshooting ................................................................. A-1
LED Indicators........................................................................ A-1
Supported MIBs.................................................................. B-1
RMON (RFC 1757) ..................................................................B-1
Statistics............................................................................B-1
History Group...................................................................B-2
Alarm Group.....................................................................B-2
Event Group .....................................................................B-3
MIB II (RFC 1213) ...................................................................B-3
System Group ...................................................................B-3
Interface Group................................................................B-3
Address Trans Group........................................................B-4
IP Group ...........................................................................B-4
IP Address Table...............................................................B-4
IP Routing Table...............................................................B-4
IP Address Translation Table............................................B-4
ICMP Group .....................................................................B-4
TCP Group .......................................................................B-5
TCP Connection Table .....................................................B-5
UDP Group.......................................................................B-5
UDP Listener Table...........................................................B-5
SNMP Group.....................................................................B-5
Bridge MIB (1493)...................................................................B-6
Base Port...........................................................................B-6
Spanning Tree Configuration ...........................................B-6
Bridge Filter Forwarding Table ........................................B-6
Technical Specifications .................................................... C-1
Network Management Platforms Supported................... C-1
LEDs................................................................................. C-1
Connectors ...................................................................... C-1
Spanning Tree Support.................................................... C-1
MAC Address Table Size .................................................. C-1
Dimensions...................................................................... C-1
Weight ............................................................................. C-2
Page vii
Power Specifications ....................................................... C-2
Environmental Specifications.......................................... C-2
Standards Compliance..................................................... C-2
Mounting Options ........................................................... C-2
Redundant Power Supply................................................ C-2
Management Menu Tree ................................................... D-1
Index .............................................................................. Index i
Page viii
List of Figures
Figure 1-1
Figure 1-2
Figure 2-1
Figure 2-2
Figure 2-3
Figure 2-4
Figure 2-5
Figure 2-6
Figure 2-7
Figure 2-8
Figure 2-9
Figure 3-1
Figure 4-1
Figure 4-2
Figure 5-1
Figure 5-2
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-3
Figure 5-4
Figure 5-5
Figure 5-6
Figure 5-7
Figure 5-8
Figure 5-8
Figure 5-9
Figure 5-9
Figure 5-10
Figure 5-11
Figure 5-12
Figure 6-1
IntraSwitch 5324 front panel........................................ 1-2
IntraSwitch 5324 back panel........................................ 1-2
Connecting the power cord to the IntraSwitch ........... 2-4
Mounting rack bracket on the IntraSwitch .................. 2-5
Applying rubber feet to bottom of IntraSwitch chassis 2-6
IntraSwitch cabling scenarios....................................... 2-9
Connecting to the Console port................................. 2-11
IntraSwitch Local Management Interface Main Menu 2-12
MII expansion slots..................................................... 2-13
Installing an MII expansion module ........................... 2-14
Securing an MII expansion module ............................ 2-14
IntraSwitch LED panel.................................................. 3-2
IntraSwitch 5324 management options........................ 4-3
Connecting to the Console port................................... 4-4
Local Management Interface Main Menu...................... 5-4
General Information Menu ........................................... 5-5
Configuration Menu...................................................... 5-6
System Administration Information Menu.................... 5-9
TCP/IP Parameter Menu ............................................. 5-11
BootStrap Parameter Menu......................................... 5-13
SNMP Parameter Menu ............................................... 5-16
Port Parameter Menu.................................................. 5-20
MAC Forwarding Table Parameters Menu.................. 5-25
MAC Forwarding Table............................................... 5-26
Spanning Tree Parameters Menu................................ 5-28
Spanning Tree Port Parameters Menu ........................ 5-30
Set TelNet Idle Time Out command line.................... 5-32
Set Console Password command line......................... 5-33
Reset EEProm to Default command line..................... 5-34
General Information Menu ........................................... 6-2
Page ix
Figure 6-2
Figure 7-1
Figure 7-2
Figure 7-3
Figure 7-4
Figure 7-5
Figure 7-6
Figure 7-7
Figure 7-8
Figure 7-9
Figure 7-10
Figure 7-11
Figure 7-12
Figure 7-13
Page x
Statistics screen (page one of two) ............................................ 6-4
RMON Parameters Menu............................................................ 7-3
RMON History Group Menu ...................................................... 7-4
Add RMON History Control Group entry................................... 7-5
Display RMON History Control Group entry ............................. 7-6
Display RMON History Statistic entry ........................................ 7-7
RMON Alarm Group Menu......................................................... 7-9
Add RMON Alarm Group entry................................................ 7-10
Object ID entry ........................................................................ 7-11
Display RMON Alarm Group entry .......................................... 7-13
RMON Event Group Menu ....................................................... 7-15
Add RMON Event Group entry ................................................ 7-16
Display RMON Event Group entry ........................................... 7-17
Display RMON Event Group entry log ..................................... 7-18
List of Tables
Tools and Materials Required ...............................................................1-8
Factory Default Configurations.............................................................1-9
Installation Overview............................................................................2-3
10Base-T Cable Guidelines....................................................................2-7
10/100TX Port Cable Guidelines ..........................................................2-7
10/100TX MII Module Cable Guidelines ..............................................2-8
100Base-FX MII Module Cable Guidelines............................................2-8
10Base-FL MII Module Cable Guidelines ..............................................2-8
Port LEDs ..............................................................................................3-3
Management Options ...........................................................................4-2
Management Tasks................................................................................5-3
Configuration Menu Items....................................................................5-7
System Administration Information Settings ........................................5-9
TCP/IP Parameter Settings..................................................................5-11
Bootstrap Parameter Settings..............................................................5-14
SNMP Parameter Settings....................................................................5-17
Port Parameter Settings ......................................................................5-21
MAC Forwarding Table Parameter Menu Setting ...............................5-26
Spanning Tree Parameter Settings ......................................................5-29
General Information Menu Parameters ................................................6-3
Statistics Counters Descriptions ...........................................................6-6
Page xi
DRAFT
Preface Page xiii Friday, July 25, 1997 3:09 PM
Preface
This section explains how to contact Asanté Technical Support.
It also provides an overview of the manual’s chapters,
document conventions, and intended audience.
This chapter contains the following sections:
❏
Contacting Technical Support — page xiv
❏
Chapter Contents — page xv
❏
Document Conventions — page xvi
❏
Audience — page xvi
Preface Page xiv Friday, July 25, 1997 3:09 PM
Preface
Asking for Assistance
Contacting
Technical
Support
To contact Asanté Technical Support:
Telephone:
(800) 622-7464
Fax:
(408) 432-6018
Fax-Back:
Internet mail:
(800) 741-8607
support@asante.com
World Wide Web site:
http://www.asante.com
Bulletin Board Service (BBS):
(408) 432-1416
ARA BBS (guest log in):
(408) 432-1416
AppleLink mail/BBS:
ASANTE
FTP Archive:
ftp.asante.com
Technical Support Hours
6:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time, Monday-Friday
Page xiv
Preface Page xv Friday, July 25, 1997 3:09 PM
Manual Contents
Manual
Contents
This manual introduces the IntraSwitch 5324 Ethernet switch
and describes its installation, configuration, troubleshooting,
and available network management functions.
This manual is divided into the following chapters and
appendices:
Chapter/Appendix
Description
1
Introduction
Describes the IntraSwitch 5324, its package
contents, features, switching capacity,
management options, and factory defaults.
2
Installation
Describes the steps required to install the
IntraSwitch, connect it to the network, and
configure it for management.
3
LED Indicators
Describes how to monitor the IntraSwitch’s
front panel LEDs.
Setting Up For
Management
Describes the different management options
available with the IntraSwitch and how to
connect to the switch using those options.
Console
Management
Describes how to perform some basic
management functions using the
IntraSwitch’s Local Management Interface.
Status and
Statistics
Describes how to view the IntraSwitch’s
current operating information and how to
view statistics on each port.
Advanced
Management
Describes how to use RMON to manage the
IntraSwitch.
4
5
6
7
Appendix A,
“Troubleshooting”
Provides some troubleshooting tips for
isolating problems with the IntraSwitch or
the network via the front panel LEDs.
Page xv
Preface Page xvi Friday, July 25, 1997 3:09 PM
Preface
Document
Conventions
Chapter/Appendix
Description
Appendix B,
“Supported MIBs”
Provides a list and description of the MIBs
supported by the IntraSwitch.
Appendix C,
“Technical
Specifications”
Provides a list of the IntraSwitch 5324’s
technical specifications.
Appendix D,
“Management
Menu Tree”
Provides a one-page map of the
IntraSwitch’s Local Management Interface.
This manual uses the following conventions to convey
instructions and information:
❏
Audience
Page xvi
Commands and key words are in boldface font.
∆
Note: Noteworthy information, which contains
helpful suggestions or references to other sections in the manual, is in this format.
▲
Important: Significant information that calls
attention to important features or instructions
is in this format.
This manual uses terms and concepts associated with Ethernet
networking and switches; it is recommended that the user of
this manual have a basic working knowledge of local area
networks (LANs).
DRAFT
1
Introduction
This chapter is an introduction to the IntraSwitch 5324.
It provides an overview of the switch and describes its features,
management and configuration capabilities, switching capacity,
and factory default settings.
This chapter contains the following sections:
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
IntraSwitch 5324 — page 1-2
IntraSwitch Components — page 1-3
Configuration/Management — page 1-4
Switching Capacity — page 1-5
Features — page 1-6
Package Contents — page 1-7
Tools and Materials — page 1-8
Factory Defaults — page 1-9
Introduction
IntraSwitch 5324
The Asanté IntraSwitch 5324 is a high-performance, manageable
Ethernet switch that offers 24 10Base-T ports, one 10/100TX
port, and two optional Media Independent Interface (MII)
expansion slots.
The MII expansion slots allow for the addition of 10/100TX,
100Base-FX, or 10Base-FL connections. See page 2-13 for more
details.
1 Fixed 10/100TX Port
24 Fixed 10Base-T Ports
Management
Connections
Comprehensive LEDs
Figure 1-1
IntraSwitch 5324 front panel
Redundant Power Supply
Connector
Power Connector
Power
Switch
Media Independent Interface (MII)
Expansion Slots
Figure 1-2
Page 1-2
IntraSwitch 5324 back panel
IntraSwitch Components
IntraSwitch
Components
10/100TX Port
The auto-negotiating 10/100TX port allows for the connection
of a 10Base-T or a 100Base-T (Fast Ethernet) device. See “10/
100TX Port” on page 2-7 for more information.
10Base-T Ports
The 24 fixed 10Base-T ports allow for the connection of 10BaseT Ethernet devices. See “10Base-T Ports” on page 2-7 for more
information.
Management Connections
The Console port can be used for out-of-band management of
the IntraSwitch. See “Out-of-Band Management” on page 4-4 for
information.
MII Expansion Slots
The two Media Independent Interface (MII) expansion slots
allow for the addition of various access modules, including: 10/
100TX, 100Base-FX, or 10Base-FL. See “MII Ports” on page 2-8
for more information.
Redundant Power Supply Connector
The redundant power connection can be used to connect to an
Asanté external RPSU 6000 redundant power supply (sold
separately). The RPSU 6000 provides the IntraSwitch with
power in the event that the switch’s main power connection
fails. Refer to the RPSU 6000’s Installation Guide for more
information or to Appendix C in this manual for part number
information.
Power Switch
The power switch turns the IntraSwitch on or off. See
“Connecting Power” on page 2-4 for instructions on powering
on the IntraSwitch.
Power Supply Connector
The 5-volt power supply connector provides the IntraSwitch’s
power connection. See Appendix C,“Technical Specifications”
for more information.
Page 1-3
Introduction
Configuration/
Management
The IntraSwitch 5324 can be managed through standard out-ofband sessions through the Console port, via in-band Telnet
sessions, or via any SNMP-based management software program
(such as IntraSpection™).
Console/Telnet Management
The SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is used to
manage the IntraSwitch 5324. The SNMP agent supports
database objects that are defined in the following Management
Information Bases (MIBs):
❏
❏
❏
MIB II (RFC 1213)
Bridge MIB (RFC 1493)
RMON, 4 groups (RFC 1757)
The SNMP agent can be accessed via out-of-band Console
connections or through in-band Telnet sessions. See Chapter 4,
“Setting Up For Management,” for information on connecting
via one of these two methods.
See Appendix B,“Supported MIBs” for more information on the
MIBs supported by the IntraSwitch.
SNMP-Based Management
IntraSpection Web-based network management software, along
with any other SNMP-based network management application,
can be used to manage the IntraSwitch 5324. See Chapter 9,
“SNMP-based Management” for more information.
Web Browser Management
In a future release of the switch’s software, the IntraSwitch will
be capable of management via any standard World Wide Web
browser.
Check Asanté’s World Wide Web site (http://www.asante.com)
for the latest information on the IntraSwitch and its software
releases.
Page 1-4
Switching Capacity
Switching
Capacity
Each 10Base-T port forwards Ethernet minimum-sized 64-byte
packets at the maximum attainable rate of 14,880 packets per
second (pps). The 10/100 port can forward 64-byte packets at
148,000pps.
The IntraSwitch 5324 fully supports the 802.1d transparent
Ethernet bridging standard. IEEE 802.1d compliance provides
automatic address learning, packet filtering, and the Spanning
Tree Protocol.
Page 1-5
Introduction
Features
The IntraSwitch 5324 has the following features:
❏ 24 10Base-T switched ports with RJ-45 connectors
❏ One fixed 10/100TX port with an RJ-45 connector
(supports NWay™ Auto-Negotiation)
❏ Two optional MII expansion slots for adding 10/
100TX, 100Base-FX, or 10Base-FL ports
❏ Telnet (in-band) and Console (out-of-band) management
❏ 1024 MAC addresses
❏ Auto-Negotiation on 10/100 port and 10/100 MII
expansion port(s)
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Page 1-6
Full duplex support on all ports
BootP support
TFTP support for software upgrades
RMON support (4 groups)
MIB II, Bridge MIB support
802.1d Spanning Tree support
Store-and-forward switching mode
Advanced diagnostic LEDs
Future HTTP server (provides SNMP management via
any common World Wide Web browser)
Package Contents
Package
Contents
The IntraSwitch 5324 is shipped with the following items:
❏ (1) IntraSwitch 5324 Ethernet switch
❏ (2) rack-mounting brackets
❏ (12) standard Phillips screws for attaching the brackets to the switch and mounting the switch to a rack
❏
❏
❏
❏
(4) rubber feet for desktop/free-standing placement
(1) power cord
(1) User’s Manual (this book)
(1) Quick Installation Guide
▲ Important: If you are missing any of the above
items, contact the dealer from whom you purchased
your IntraSwitch.
Page 1-7
Introduction
Tools and
Materials
Some tools and materials that are not supplied with the
IntraSwitch 5324 are needed to connect the switch to an
Ethernet network.
The table below lists the tools and materials required for
connecting devices to the switch’s ports, for installing an MII
module, and for rack-mounting the switch.
▲
Important: For specific instructions on connecting network devices to the IntraSwitch, see
“Connecting to the Network” on page 2-7.
Table 1-1 Tools and Materials Required
Action
Tool/Material Required
Connecting 10BaseT ports or 10/100 port
Standard Category 3, 4 or 5 UTP straightthrough cable with RJ-45 connectors.
Standard Category 5 UTP cross-over cable
with RJ-45 connectors.
Page 1-8
Connecting 100BaseFX port (optional MII
expansion module)
Dual 62.5/125 micron graded-index
multimode fiber optic cable fitted with an SC
connector.
Connecting 10BaseFL port (optional MII
expansion module
with SC or ST
connectors)
Dual 62.5/125 micron graded-index
multimode fiber optic cable fitted with an SC
connector.
Connecting to the
Console port
Straight-through RS-232 cable with 9-pin
male D-subminiature connector.
Removing MII
expansion module’s
cover
Small Phillips screwdriver.
Rack-mounting the
switch
Phillips screwdriver (#2) for mounting the
two rack brackets on the unit.
Dual 62.5/125 micron graded-index
multimode fiber optic cable fitted with a dual
ST connector.
Factory Defaults
Factory
Defaults
The IntraSwitch 5324 is shipped with the following
configuration default settings:
Table 1-2 Factory Default Configurations
Configuration
IP address
Default Setting
0.0.0.0
Important: The first IP address that is
assigned to the IntraSwitch becomes the new
factory default setting.
Subnet Mask
0.0.0.0
Important: The first subnet mask that is
assigned to the IntraSwitch becomes the new
factory default setting.
Default Gateway
0.0.0.0
Important: The first default gateway address
that is assigned to the IntraSwitch becomes
the new factory default setting.
Switching Mode
Store-and-forward
10Base-T Ports
Half Duplex
10/100TX Port and
MII Expansion Ports
Auto-Negotiation
Spanning Tree
Enabled on ALL ports
▲
Important: When the switch is reset (powered off and then on), all settings are returned to
the factory defaults listed above except for the
IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway;
these items revert to the first addresses assigned
to them.
Page 1-9
DRAFT
2
Installation
This chapter explains how to power on the IntraSwitch, install
it in an equipment rack, and connect it to your network. It
also explains how to prepare the IntraSwitch for management
capabilities and install MII expansion modules.
This chapter contains the following sections:
❏
Installation Guidelines — page 2-2
❏
Installation Overview — page 2-3
❏
Connecting power — page 2-4
❏
Rack mounting/desktop placement —
page 2-5
❏
Connecting to the network — page 2-7
❏
Setting up for management — page 2-10
❏
Installing MII modules — page 2-13
Installation
Installing the IntraSwitch
Installation
Guidelines
Before installing the IntraSwitch 5324, carefully review the
following guidelines.
Power Requirements
The source electrical outlet should be installed near the switch,
be easily accessible, and be properly grounded.
Make sure the power source adheres to the following
guidelines:
❏
❏
❏
Voltage range: 100 to 240 VAC
Frequency range: 60/50 Hz
Maximum current: 1.6 A
Environmental Requirements
The IntraSwitch must be installed in a clean, dry, dust-free area
with adequate air circulation to maintain the following
environmental limits:
❏
❏
Temperature: 0° to 45° C
Relative Humidity: 5% to 85% non-condensing
Avoid direct sunlight, heat sources, or areas with high levels of
electro-magnetic interference.
Cooling and Airflow
The IntraSwitch has two internal fans that cool the interior by
drawing air through vents on the sides and forcing heated air
out through holes in the rear.
▲
Page 2-2
Important: Do not restrict air flow by covering
or obstructing air vents on the sides of the case.
Installation Overview
Installation
Overview
The table below describes the steps needed to install the
IntraSwitch 5324. The steps that are optional are labeled
“optional”; the steps that are required are labeled “required.”
The sections that follow explain each step in detail.
To install the IntraSwitch 5324:
Table 2-1 Installation Overview
Step
1
Action
(required)
Open the box and check the contents.
See “Package Contents” on page 1-7 for a
complete list of the items included with your
IntraSwitch 5324.
2
(required)
Check the power connection.
See “Connecting Power” on page 2-4.
3
(required)
Install the IntraSwitch in an equipment rack or
prepare it for desktop placement.
See “Rack Mounting/Desktop Placement” on
page 2-5.
4
(required)
Connect the IntraStack to the network.
See “Connecting to the Network” on page 2-7.
5
(optional)
Configure the IntraStack for management
capabilities.
See “Setting up for Management” on page 2-10.
6
(optional)
Install MII module(s), if any.
See “Installing MII Modules” on page 2-13.
Page 2-3
Installation
Connecting
Power
To connect power to the IntraSwitch:
1
Plug one end of the supplied power cord into
the power connector on the back of the unit.
Figure 2-1
2
Connecting the power cord to the IntraSwitch
Plug the other end of the power cord into a
grounded AC outlet.
∆ Note: For more information about power
and environmental requirements, see Appendix C,
“Technical Specifications.”
3
Turn the power switch to the “on” position.
Make sure the IntraSwitch’s front panel LEDs
blink and the POWER LED lights and remains on.
▲
4
Page 2-4
Important: If the power does not come
on, refer to Appendix A,“Troubleshooting.”
Turn the IntraSwitch’s power off.
The switch is ready be installed in an equipment
rack or prepared for desktop placement. See
the next section “Rack Mounting/Desktop Placement” on page 2-5.
Rack Mounting/Desktop Placement
Rack Mounting/
Desktop
Placement
Equipment Rack
Installation
The IntraSwitch can be installed in most standard 19-inch
equipment racks. It can also be placed on a horizontal surface
with support capabilities of 11 pounds (5 kilograms).
To install the IntraSwitch in an equipment rack:
▲
Important: Disconnect all cables from the
switch before continuing.
1
2
Place the switch on a stable, flat surface.
Figure 2-2
Locate a rack bracket (supplied) and place it
over the mounting holes on one side of the unit,
as shown in Figure 2-2.
Mounting rack bracket on the IntraSwitch
3
Insert the four screws (supplied) into the holes
and tighten with a Phillips screwdriver.
4
Repeat the two previous steps for the unit’s
other side.
5
Place the IntraSwitch in the equipment rack.
▲ Important: Make sure the switch is supported until all four mounting screws for each
bracket are installed.
6
Secure with mounting screws.
The switch is ready to be connected to the network.
See “Connecting to the Network” on page 2-7.
Page 2-5
Installation
Free-Standing
Installation
The IntraSwitch has four rubber feet that can be applied to the
bottom of the chassis to enable desktop/free-standing
installation of the unit.
For desktop/free-standing installation:
1
Turn the switch over so that the bottom of the
chassis faces up.
2
Peel the protective backing off of each rubber
foot.
3
Position each rubber foot over the recessed
areas near the four corners of the switch.
4
Press each rubber foot into place. See
Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-3
5
Applying rubber feet to bottom of IntraSwitch chassis
Place the IntraSwitch on a horizontal surface
with a minimum area of 17.1” x 14.5”.
The IntraSwitch is ready to be connected to the
network. See “Connecting to the Network” on
page 2-7.
Page 2-6
Connecting to the Network
Connecting to
the Network
To connect the IntraSwitch to an Ethernet network:
1
2
Make sure the IntraSwitch is not powered on.
3
Power on the IntraSwitch.
Connect network devices to the switch, following the cable guidelines outlined below.
After the IntraSwitch is connected to the network and is powered on, it can be configured
for management capabilities (see “Setting up for
Management” on page 2-10).
10Base-T Ports
Table 2-2 10Base-T Cable Guidelines
Connecting To
Cable Required
Network Station
Category 3, 4, or 5 UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair)
straight-through cable (100 meters maximum)
with RJ-45 connectors.
Repeater/Hub
Category 5, UTP cross-over cable (100 meters
maximum) with RJ-45 connectors.
Repeater/Hub’s
Uplink port
Category 3,4 or 5, UTP straight-through cable
(100 meters maximum) with RJ-45 connectors.
10/100TX Port
Table 2-3 10/100TX Port Cable Guidelines
Connecting To
Cable Required
Network Station
Category 5 UTP straight-through cable (100
meters maximum) with RJ-45 connectors.
Repeater/Hub
Category 5, UTP cross-over cable (100 meters
maximum) with RJ-45 connectors.
Repeater/Hub’s
Uplink port
Category 5, UTP straight-through cable (100
meters maximum) with RJ-45 connectors.
Page 2-7
Installation
MII Ports
10/100TX Module
100Base-FX Module
10Base-FL Module
Page 2-8
The MII expansion slots allow for the connection of 10/100TX,
100Base-FX, or 10Base-FL ports.
Table 2-4 10/100TX MII Module Cable Guidelines
Connecting To
Cable Required
Network Station
Category 5 UTP cross-over cable (100 meters
maximum) with RJ-45 connectors.
Repeater/Hub
Category 5, UTP straight-through cable (100
meters maximum) with RJ-45 connectors.
Repeater/Hub’s
Uplink port
Category 5, UTP cross-over cable (100 meters
maximum) with RJ-45 connectors.
Table 2-5 100Base-FX MII Module Cable Guidelines
Connecting To
Cable Required
Network Station,
Repeater/Hub, or
other network
device
Dual 62.5/125 micron graded-index multimode
fiber-optic cable with an SC connector.
Table 2-6 10Base-FL MII Module Cable Guidelines
Connecting To
Cable Required
SC Connector
Network Station,
Repeater/Hub, or
other network
device
Dual 62.5/125 micron graded-index multimode
fiber-optic cable with an SC connector.
ST Connector
Network Station,
Repeater/Hub, or
other network
device
Dual 62.5/125 micron graded-index multimode
fiber-optic cable with a dual ST connector.
Connecting to the Network
Cabling Scenarios
Diagram
The following diagram illustrates some of the various cabling
scenarios available with the IntraSwitch 5324.
Figure 2-4
IntraSwitch cabling scenarios
Page 2-9
Installation
Setting up for
Management
To use the IntraSwitch 5324 as a managed switch, it must be
configured with an IP address. This can be accomplished in
one of two ways:
❏
❏
BootP
Configuration
automatically using BootP (default)
manually via the Console port
The IntraSwitch is shipped with BootP/TFTP support. BootP
allows the switch to be automatically configured with an IP
address when the switch is connected to the network and is
powered on, if your network contains a BootP server
configured with available IP addresses.
▲
Important: BootP configuration only works if
the switch does not have an IP address assigned
to it. By default, the IntraSwitch is shipped
without an assigned IP address.
1
Make sure your network has a BootP server configured with a valid IP address entry for the
IntraSwitch 5324.
2
When the IntraSwitch is connected to the network and is powered on, it automatically transmits a BootP request across the network (up to
5 times) until it receives a valid IP address from
the BootP server.
3
After an IP address is received, the switch can
be managed.
See Chapter 4 for information on connecting to
the switch for management.
To verify that the switch received an IP address,
use a tool such as Ping1 to try and access the
IntraSwitch; if you can access the IntraSwitch, it
is properly configured with an IP address.
1. Ping (an acronym for packet internet groper) is an application that can be used to
test whether a remote device is properly connected to a network.
Page 2-10
Setting up for Management
Console
Configuration
To manually configure the IntraSwitch with an IP address via
the switch’s Console port, use a VT100 terminal or a VT100 terminal emulator running on a workstation or personal computer
(PC) to connect to the switch’s Local Management Interface.
1
Figure 2-5
2
Using a straight-through RS-232 cable with a 9-pin
male D-subminiature plug at one end, connect a
terminal or workstation (PC) running a terminal
emulator to the Console port on the front of the
IntraSwitch.
Connecting to the Console port
Make sure both units are powered on.
If using a PC with a terminal emulator, make
sure it is configured with the following terminal
settings:
❏ Bits Per Second: 9600
❏ Data Bits: 8
❏ Parity: None
❏ Stop Bits: 1
❏ Flow Control: None
3
The switch’s Local Management Interface Main
Menu appears on the terminal screen, as shown
in Figure 2-6.
Page 2-11
Installation
Figure 2-6
IntraSwitch Local Management Interface Main Menu
4
Type c to open the Configuration Menu.
The “Enter Password” prompt appears.
5
Type your password at the prompt.
6
7
8
▲
Important: The default password is
Asante. The password is case sensitive.
For information on changing the password,
see “Set Console Password” on page 5-33.
Type i to open the TCP/IP Parameter Menu.
Type i to select the option “Set IP Address.”
Type the IP address to be assigned to the switch
at the prompt.
This address becomes the new factory default
setting.
▲ Important: Depending on your network
configuration, you may also need to set subnet mask and default router (gateway) information for the IntraSwitch. See “Configure
TCP/IP Parameters” on page 5-11 for details.
9 Press r etur n.
q to return to the Configuration Menu.
10 Type
The IntraSwitch is configured with an IP address
and can now be managed. See Chapter 4 for
information on management options.
Page 2-12
Installing MII Modules
Installing
MII Modules
The IntraSwitch has two Media Independent Interface (MII)
expansion slots which allow for the addition of various types of
media access modules, including:
❏
❏
❏
10/100Base-TX
100Base-FX
10Base-FL (available with SC or ST connector)
The MII modules are sold separately and comply with IEEE
802.3 and 802.3u (10/100Base-T and 100Base-FX) specifications.
To install an MII module:
▲
Important: The MII modules are hot-swappable; you can install and/or remove a module
without turning the switch’s power off.
1
Unscrew the metal cover from the front of an
MII expansion slot (located on the IntraSwitch’s
back panel) using a small Phillips screwdriver.
See Figure 2-7.
IntraSwitch Back Panel
Metal Covers
Figure 2-7
MII expansion slots
2
Align the bottom of the MII module with the
rails on the inside of the expansion slot.
3
Slide the MII module into the expansion slot
until it stops, then push the module in until it
seats with the connector. See Figure 2-8.
Page 2-13
Installation
Figure 2-8
4
Figure 2-9
5
Installing an MII expansion module
Screw the module into place by tightening the
thumbscrew on the module’s cover.
Securing an MII expansion module
Connect the installed MII expansion module to
your network, following the instructions in “MII
Modules” on page 2-13.
For more information on MII expansion modules, refer to the “IntraSwitch 5324 MII Expansion Modules Installation Guide” included with
your module.
Page 2-14
DRAFT
3
LED Indicators
This chapter describes the front panel layout of the IntraSwitch
5324 and explains how to interpret the LEDs.
This chapter contains the following sections:
❏
LED Indicators — page 3-2
❏
Port LEDs — page 3-3
❏
Power LED — page 3-4
❏
Diagnostic LEDs — page 3-4
LED Indicators
LED Indicators
The IntraSwitch 5324 has five rows of LEDs on its front panel
that convey the status of each 10Base-T port as well as the
status of the 10/100TX port and MII expansion ports (if
installed). See Figure 3-1.
The five rows of port LEDs display:
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
100 Mbps operation
Max Util (maximum utilization)
FDP/COL (full duplex or collision)
Data
Link
Diagnostic LEDs (not labeled)
Power
LED
Port LEDs
Figure 3-1
IntraSwitch LED panel
The IntraSwitch also has four diagnostic LEDs (not labeled) that
illuminate once when the switch is first powered on or is reset.
▲
Important:The diagnostic LEDs are not labeled
on the switch’s front panel.
See “Diagnostic LEDs” on page 3-4 for more information.
When the IntraSwitch is first powered on, the port and
diagnostic LEDs blink. The green power light illuminates and
remains on, indicating electrical power to the unit.
Page 3-2
Port LEDs
Port LEDs
The IntraSwitch has five rows of LEDs. The following table
states their color and meaning:
Table 3-1 Port LEDs
LED
100Mbps
Color
Meaning
green
10/100TX port or an installed MII expansion port is
operating at 100Mbps speed.
Note: These LEDs only function with ports capable of
operating at 100Mbps speed (i.e., the 10/100TX port or
an installed 10/100 MII module).
Max Util
amber
The corresponding port’s receive buffer is full
(maximum utilization).
Note: It is normal to see these LEDs light when the
network is in a state of moderate-to-heavy activity.
FDP/Col
amber
Indicates full duplex mode on the 10/100TX port or on
an installed MII expansion port.
Indicates a collision at the switching port for those
ports operating in half-duplex mode.
Note: Full duplex means that a port can transmit and
receive at the same time.
Note: Collision is indicated only on those ports
operating in half duplex mode.
Data
green
Traffic activity is occurring on the port (transmit [TX]
or receive [RX]).
Note: During heavy traffic periods, this LED may be lit
continuously.
Link
green
A node or other network device is properly connected
to the corresponding port.
Page 3-3
LED Indicators
Power LED
Diagnostic LEDs
The green POWER light comes on and stays on when the unit is
receiving electrical power.
The IntraSwitch’s four diagnostic LEDs (one orange, three
green) blink once when the switch is first powered on.
▲
Page 3-4
Important: If the diagnostic LEDs illuminate
for any length of time other than during a power
cycle, contact Asanté Technical support (see
“Asking for Assistance” on page xiv).
DRAFT
4
Setting Up For
Management
This chapter describes the different management options
available with the IntraSwitch 5324 and explains how to
connect to the switch using those options.
This chapter contains the following sections:
❏
Overview — page 4-2
❏
Management Scenarios — page 4-3
❏
Out-of-Band Management — page 4-4
❏
In-Band Management — page 4-6
Setting Up For Management
IntraSwitch Management
Overview
The IntraSwitch 5324 can be managed using any of the following methods:
Table 4-1 Management Options
Method
Type
Description
Console
out-of-band
management
local connection to the IntraSwitch
via the switch’s Console port
Telnet
(one session)
in-band
management
remote connection over the
network to the IntraSwitch via a
terminal emulation program
SNMP-based
Network
Management
Software
in-band
management
remote connection to the
IntraSwitch via any SNMP-based
network management application
such as IntraSpection
This chapter describes how to connect to the IntraSwitch using
either out-of-band or in-band management, as illustrated in
Figure 4-1.
For information on each management method, refer to the following:
❏
❏
Page 4-2
Console/Telnet management — see Chapter 5,
“Console Management.”
SNMP-based Network Management Software —
see the section “SNMP-based Management Software” on page 4-6.
Overview
Management
Scenarios
The following diagram illustrates the management options
available with the IntraSwitch 5324.
Figure 4-1
IntraSwitch 5324 management options
Page 4-3
Setting Up For Management
Out-of-Band
Management
Out-of-band network management allows you to configure,
manage, and monitor the IntraSwitch and each of its ports. You
can perform these functions via the following method:
❏
By attaching a terminal (or a terminal emulator)
to the IntraSwitch’s Console port and using the
menu-driven Local Management Interface.
Out-of-band network management is guaranteed even when the
in-band Ethernet network is down.
To access the IntraSwitch’s Local Management Interface using
out-of-band management:
1
Figure 4-2
2
Connect a stand-alone terminal or a PC running
a terminal emulator directly to the IntraSwitch’s
Console port using a straight-thr ough
RS-232
serial cable with a male connector.
Connecting to the Console port
Make sure both units are powered on.
If using a PC with a terminal emulator, make
sure it is configured with the following terminal
settings:
❏ Bits Per Second: 9600
❏ Data Bits: 8
❏ Parity: None
❏ Stop Bits: 1
❏ Flow Control: None
Page 4-4
Out-of-Band Management
3
Once connected, the Local Management Interface Main Menu appears on the screen.
See Chapter 5,“Console Management,” for information on using the Local Management Interface to manage the IntraSwitch.
Page 4-5
Setting Up For Management
In-Band
Management
In-band network management allows you to manage, control,
and monitor the IntraSwitch and each of its ports over the
Ethernet network.
You can perform these functions by accessing the IntraSwitch
via the following two methods:
❏
❏
By connecting with a terminal emulation program such as Telnet1 and using the Local Management Interface.
By connecting with any SNMP-based network
management application and using its interface.
To manage the IntraStack via in-band management:
1
Make sure the network to which the IntraSwitch
is connected is up and running.
2
Make sure the IntraSwitch is configured with
valid IP information.
See “Setting up for Management” on page 2-10.
3
Connect to the IntraSwitch with a terminal emulator or any SNMP-based network management
application.
Terminal Emulator
See Chapter 5,“Console Management,” for information on managing the IntraSwitch with a terminal emulator.
∆ Note: All management screens using a terminal emulator are identical to those of the out-ofband Console interface.
SNMP-based Management Software
Refer to the software’s User’s Manual for information on managing the IntraSwitch with SNMPbased management software.
1. Telnet is a common terminal emulation application used in TCP/IP networks for remote terminal access to network devices.
Page 4-6
DRAFT
5
Console
Management
This chapter describes how to manage the IntraSwitch 5324
using the out-of-band Console or in-band Telnet interface.
This chapter contains the following sections:
❏
Overview — page 5-2
❏
Management Tasks — page 5-3
❏
Local management interface — page 5-4
❏
General Information Menu — page 5-5
❏
Configuration Menu — page 5-6
❏
Statistics Menu — page 5-36
Console Management
Console Management
Overview
The IntraSwitch’s Local Management Interface is a menu-driven
application that provides for management and configuration of
the IntraSwitch and each of its ports.
The Local Management Interface can be accessed via two methods:
❏
Out-of-band connection to the Console port
❏
In-band connection via a terminal emulator such
as Telnet (one session)
▲ Important: Refer to Chapter 4, “Setting Up For
Management” for instructions on how to connect
to the Local Management Interface using one of
the two methods listed above.
Page 5-2
Management Tasks
Management
Tasks
This chapter describes each menu item, as well as how to
perform the following management tasks:
Table 5-1 Management Tasks
Task
Page
Logging into the Configuration Menu
page 5-6
Changing System Administration Information
page 5-10
Changing TCP/IP Information
page 5-12
Performing a Software Upgrade
page 5-15
Changing Community Strings
page 5-17
Enabling Traps
page 5-18
Adding a Trap Receiver
page 5-18
Deleting a Trap Receiver
page 5-19
Enabling or Disabling a Port
page 5-22
Configuring Full Duplex
page 5-22
Configuring Auto-Negotiation
page 5-23
Displaying the MAC Forwarding Table
page 5-26
Finding an Entry in the MAC Forwarding Table
page 5-27
Setting the Age-Out Timer
page 5-27
Enabling/Disabling Spanning Tree on ALL Ports
page 5-30
Enabling/Disabling Spanning Tree on a Single Port
page 5-30
Setting the Telnet Idle Time-Out Period
page 5-32
Changing the Console Password
page 5-33
Resetting the EEPROM
page 5-34
Resetting the IntraSwitch
page 5-35
Page 5-3
Console Management
Local
Management
Interface
After you connect to the switch’s Local Management Interface
using either out-of-band Console or in-band Telnet connection
as described in Chapter 4, the Main Menu appears, as shown in
Figure 5-1.
Main Menu
Figure 5-1
Local Management Interface Main Menu
From the Main Menu, you can access three submenus:
❏
❏
❏
General Information — page 5-5
Configuration — page 5-6
Statistics — page 5-35
If you are using Telnet, a fourth option will be available — Close
Connection. This option closes your remote connection to the
IntraSwitch’s Local Management Interface.
Accessing a
Submenu
To access a submenu, type the command letter of the
corresponding option (e.g., type g for General Information).
Exiting a
Submenu
To exit a submenu, type q. To exit a command line (e.g., Set
Console Password in the Configuration Menu), press ctrl-c.
∆
Page 5-4
Note: For a one-page map of the Main Menu
and its submenus, refer to Appendix D,“Management Menu Tree.”
General Information Menu
General
Information
Menu
The General Information Menu displays the switch’s current
operating information; such as, the switch’s name, IP address,
and boot information.
∆
Note: The information displayed on this
screen is read-only.
Accessing the General Information Menu
❏
Type g from the Main Menu. A screen similar to
Figure 5-2 appears.
Figure 5-2
▲
General Information Menu
Important: For a description of each parameter on the General Information Menu, see “General Information Menu Parameters” on page 6-3.
To exit the General Information Menu, press the space bar on
your keyboard.
Page 5-5
Console Management
Configuration
Menu
The Configuration Menu allows you to configure settings for
the IntraSwitch. These settings include items such as system
administration information,TCP/IP parameters, RMON
parameters, port parameters, and bootstrap parameters.
Logging into the Configuration Menu
1
From the Local Management Interface Main
Menu, type c.
2
Type your password at the “Enter Password”
prompt.
▲
Important: The default password when
you first access the Configuration Menu is
Asante. The password is case sensitive.
For information on changing passwords,
see “Set Console Password” on page 5-33.
The following Configuration Menu appears:
Figure 5-3
3
Configuration Menu
From this menu you can access configuration submenus by typing the command letter of the corresponding menu option (e.g., type a for the Configure
System Administration Information Menu).
Table 5-2 provides a brief overview of each menu
item.
Page 5-6
Logging into the Configuration Menu
Table 5-2 Configuration Menu Items
Menu Item
Description
Config System
Administration Information
Displays and allows you to change the name,
location, and contact information for the
IntraSwitch.
See “Configure System Administration
Information” on page 5-9.
Config TCP/IP Parameters
Displays and allows you to change the
information needed to access the IntraSwitch
over the network (in-band management).
See “Configure TCP/IP Parameters” on page
5-11.
Config Bootstrap
Parameters
Displays and allows you to change the
parameters used for downloading a new
version of software for the IntraSwitch.
See “Configure BootStrap Parameters” on
page 5-13.
Config SNMP Parameters
Displays and allows you to change the
IntraSwitch’s SNMP (Simple Network
Management Protocol) parameters; such as,
read/write settings, trap authentication, and
trap receivers.
See “Configure SNMP Parameters” on page
5-16.
Config Port Parameters
Allows you to manually configure each of the
switch’s ports for speed, connection, link mode,
and auto-negotiation.
See “Configure Port Parameters” on page 5-20.
Config RMON Parameters
Displays and allows you to change the switch’s
RMON parameters.
See “Configure RMON Parameters” on page
5-24.
Config MAC Forwarding
Table Parameters
Displays and allows you to change the entries
in the IntraSwitch’s MAC Forwarding Table.
See “Configure MAC Forwarding Table
Parameters” on page 5-25.
Config Spanning Tree
Parameters
Displays the switch’s Spanning Tree
parameters and allows you to enable or
disable Spanning Tree.
See “Configure Spanning Tree Parameters” on
page 5-28.
Page 5-7
Console Management
Menu Item
Description
Set Telnet Idle Time-out
Allows you to set the amount of time a Telnet
connection can remain idle and still connected
to the IntraSwitch.
See “Set Telnet Idle Time-out” on page 5-32.
Set Console Password
Allows you to change the password needed to
access the Configuration Menu.
See “Set Console Password” on page 5-33.
Reset EEPROM To Default
Allows you to reset the IntraSwitch’s EEPROM
to its factory default settings.
See “Reset EEPROM” on page 5-34.
Exit Configuration Menu
Page 5-8
Exits the Configuration Menu and returns you
to the Local Management Interface Main
Menu.
Configure System Administration Information
Configure System Administration Information
This menu displays and allows you to change the name,
location, and contact information for the IntraSwitch.
To access the System Administration Information Menu, type a
from the Configuration Menu.
The following menu appears:
Current Settings
Figure 5-3
System Administration Information Menu
Current Settings
Table 5-3 explains each setting on the System
Administration Information Menu.
For information on using this menu, see “Changing System
Administration Information” on page 5-10.
Table 5-3
System Administration Information Settings
Setting
Description
Switch Name
The name of the IntraSwitch (up to 64
characters, including spaces).
Switch Location
The location where the IntraSwitch is
physically located (up to 64 characters,
including spaces).
Switch Contact
The name of the person responsible for the
IntraSwitch (up to 64 characters, including
spaces).
Page 5-9
Console Management
Changing System Administration Information
To change the switch’s name/location/contact information:
1
Open the System Administration Information
Menu by typing a in the Configuration Menu.
2
Type the command letter of the corresponding menu item in the System Administration
Configuration Menu.
3
Type the information at the prompt.
See Table 5-3 for a description of each parameter.
▲
4
Page 5-10
Important: Each parameter is limited to
64 characters (including spaces).
To cancel a selected option, press ctrl-c at
the command prompt.
Press return.
To quit and return to the Configuration
Menu, type q.
Configure TCP/IP Parameters
Configure TCP/IP Parameters
This menu displays and allows you to change the information
needed to access the IntraSwitch over the network (in-band
management).
To access the TCP/IP Parameter Menu, type i from the
Configuration Menu. The following menu appears:
Current Settings
Figure 5-4
∆
TCP/IP Parameter Menu
Note: By default, each parameter is set to 0.0.0.0.
Current Settings
Table 5-4 explains each setting on the TCP/IP Parameter
Menu.
For information on using the menu, see “Changing TCP/IP
Information” on page 5-12.
Table 5-4 TCP/IP Parameter Settings
Setting
Description
Switch IP Address
The IntraSwitch’s IP (Internet Protocol)
address.
Switch Subnet Mask
The address of the subnet mask on which the
IntraSwitch is located.
Switch Default
Gateway
The address of the IntraSwitch’s default
gateway.
Page 5-11
Console Management
Changing TCP/IP Information
To change the switch’s IP address, subnet mask, or default
gateway information:
1
Open the TPC/IP Parameter Menu by typing i
in the Configuration Menu.
2
Type the command letter of the option you
want to change.
3
Type the new address at the prompt.
See Table 5-4 for a description of each parameter.
▲ Important: Follow the format: number. number. number. number.
To cancel a selected option, press ctrl-c at
the command prompt.
4
Page 5-12
Press return.
To quit and return to the Configuration
Menu, type q.
Configure Bootstrap Parameters
Configure Bootstrap Parameters
This menu displays and allows you to change the bootstrap
parameters used for downloading a new version of software
when one is issued.
To access the Bootstrap Parameters Menu, type b from the
Configuration Menu. The following menu appears:
current settings
Figure 5-5
▲
BootStrap Parameter Menu
Important: The IntraSwitch’s Load Mode
default setting is Local.
Normally, these settings never need to be
changed except when downloading a new version of the switch’s software.
Current Settings
Table 5-5 explains each setting on the Bootstrap Parameter
Menu.
For information on using the menu, see the following:
❏ “Performing a Software Upgrade” on page 515.
Page 5-13
Console Management
Table 5-5 Bootstrap Parameter Settings
Setting
Description
Set Load Mode to
Local
Executes the software image file from the
switch’s internal flash memory (default
setting).
Important: This is the switch’s default setting.
Set Load Mode to
Remote
Loads a new software image file from a server
on the network.
Important: To use this option, you must select
BootP-TFTP or TFTP as the Boot Mode.
Set Boot Mode to
Bootp-tftp
Sets the IntraSwitch to request an IP address
from a BootP server and download the
software image file through TFTP.
Important: To use this option, the switch’s IP
address must be set to 0.0.0.0 and the Load
Mode must be set to Remote.
Set Boot Mode to TFTP
Sets the IntraSwitch to only download the
software image file through TFTP (an IP
address is not requested).
Important: To use this option, the switch must
already have an assigned IP address and the
Load Mode must be set to Remote.
Page 5-14
Set Boot Server IP
Address
Sets the IP address of the remote server
providing BootP/TFTP capabilities on your
network.
Set Boot File Name
Sets the software image file name and
network path.
Configure Bootstrap Parameters
Performing a Software Upgrade
When Asanté issues a new version of the software image for
the IntraSwitch, you can obtain it from Asanté’s World Wide
Web site or by contacting Asanté’s Technical Support (see
“Asking for Assistance” on page -xiv).
The software file must be downloaded from a management
station on your network, such as AsantéView. These
instructions explain how to perform a software upgrade on
the IntraSwitch from AsantéView.
To upgrade the IntraSwitch’s software from AsantéView:
1
Make sure the switch is configured with an IP
address.
2
Open the BootStrap Parameter Menu by typing b in the Configuration Menu.
3
Type r to set the Boot Load Mode to
Remote.
4
5
6
Type t to set the Boot Mode to TFTP.
Type s and set the Boot Server IP addr
. ess
Type f and set the name and network path
for the new software image file; for example:
c:\AV\ISwitch.cfg
7
Make sure the following two files are in the
Boot server’s directory:
ISwitch.cfg
5324.10x
8
9
Type q to return to the Configuration Menu.
Reset the switch by powering the switch off
and then on.
Page 5-15
Console Management
Configure SNMP Parameters
This menu controls the IntraSwitch’s SNMP (Simple Network
Management Protocol) parameters. With these parameters, you
can configure the switch’s read and write community strings,
set the switch to generate traps, and determine which
management stations on your network can receive traps.
To access the SNMP Parameter Menu, type n from the
Configuration Menu. The following menu appears:
Current Settings
Figure 5-6
SNMP Parameter Menu
Current Settings
Table 5-6 explains each setting on the SNMP Parameter
Menu.
For information on using the menu, see:
❏ “Changing Community Strings” — page 5-17
❏ “Enabling Traps” — page 5-18
❏
“Adding a Trap Receiver” — page 5-18
❏ “Deleting a Trap Receiver” — page 5-19
Page 5-16
Configure SNMP Parameters
Table 5-6 SNMP Parameter Settings
Setting
Description
SNMP Read
Community
The IntraSwitch’s SNMP read community
string.
The read community string is a single word
that defines access rights for reading SNMP
data objects.
The default setting is public.
SNMP Write
Community
The IntraSwitch’s SNMP write community
string.
The write community string is a single word
that defines access rights for writing SNMP
data objects.
The default setting is private.
Trap Authentication
The status of the SNMP agent to generate
traps.
The default setting is disabled.
SNMP Trap Receivers
The IP addresses of the network management
stations that can receive traps. Normally,
these addresses are the same as your network
management software systems’ IP
address(es).
Important: A maximum of four traps receivers
is allowed.
Changing Community Strings
To change the IntraSwitch’s community strings:
1
Open the SNMP Parameter Menu by typing n
in the Configuration Menu.
2
Type r to change the read community string
or w to change the write community string.
3
Type a new community string at the prompt.
To cancel a selected option, press ctrl-c at
the command prompt.
4
Press return.
Page 5-17
Console Management
Enabling Traps
The IntraSwitch can be set to generate traps. Traps are
messages sent across the network to an SNMP network
management application (such as AsantéView or
IntraSpection). They alert you to failures or to changes that
occur to the switch device.
To set the IntraSwitch to generate traps:
1
Open the SNMP Parameter Menu by typing n
on the Configuration Menu.
1
Type t on the SNMP Parameter Menu to toggle trap authentication from disabled to
enabled.
2
Make sure there is a least one trap receiver
entry. (See “Adding a Trap Receiver” below.)
Adding a Trap Receiver Entry
Trap receivers are the management stations designated to
receive traps from the switch when they occur.
To add a trap receiver entry:
1
Open the SNMP Parameter Menu by typing n
in the Configuration Menu.
1
2
Type a.
Type the IP address of the network management station you want to receive traps.
▲
Important: The maximum number of
trap receivers that can be set is four.
To cancel a selected option, press ctrl-c at
the command prompt.
3
Page 5-18
Press return.
Configure SNMP Parameters
Deleting a Trap Receiver Entry
To delete a trap receiver entry:
1
Open the SNMP Parameter Menu by typing n
on the Configuration Menu.
1
2
Type d.
3
Press return.
Type the IP address of the receiving network
station entry to be deleted.
Page 5-19
Console Management
Configure Port Parameters
This menu allows you to manually configure each of the
switch’s ports for speed, connection, link mode, and autonegotiation.
The default parameters for each 10Base-T port are:
❏
❏
❏
auto-negotiation — disabled
port speed — 10Mbps
link mode — half duplex
The default parameter for the 10/100TX port and the 10/100
MII expansion ports is:
❏
auto-negotiation — enabled
To access the Port Parameter Menu, type p from the
Configuration Menu. The following menu appears:
Current Settings
Figure 5-7
Port Parameter Menu
The Port Management menu displays statistics for one port at a
time. The current port for which statistics are displayed is
shown at the top of the screen (next to “Port Number:”).
❏
❏
❏
Page 5-20
Ports 1 – 24 — displays information for each
10Base-T port.
Port 25 — displays information for the 10/100TX
port.
Ports 26 and 27 — displays information for the
MII expansion ports (MII 1 and MII 2, respectively).
Configure Port Parameters
Current Settings
Table 5-7 explains each setting on the Port Management
Menu. For information on using the Port Management
Menu, see:
❏
❏
❏
“Enabling/Disabling a Port” — page 5-22
“Configuring Full Duplex” — page 5-22
“Configuring Auto-Negotiation” — page 5-23
Table 5-7 Port Parameter Settings
Setting
Description
Port Number
The number of the port for which information is
displayed.
Port Connection
The administrative status of the port’s connection
(enabled or disabled)
Note: If the port is disabled, the port will not
receive any packets, even if the port’s Link Status is
ON.
Link Status
The status of the port.
Displays On if a network device is properly
connected to the selected port and is powered on;
displays Off if there is no network device
connected to the port.
Port Auto-Negotiation
Ability
The auto-negotiation ability of the selected port.
Port Speed
Manually determines the speed of the selected port.
The 10Base-T ports are only capable of transmitting
at 10Mbps; the 10/100TX port and installed MII
modules (except 10Base-FL) can be set to transmit
at 100Mbps.
Important: If you manually change the port speed
on a port, auto-negotiation for the port is
automatically disabled.
Link Mode
The port’s link mode (either half or full duplex).
Page 5-21
Console Management
Enabling/Disabling a Port
The enabling or disabling of a port is a manual operation
that can be used to isolate network devices possibly
causing problems on the network or to prevent
unauthorized use of a port or station.
To enable or disable a port:
1
Open the Port Parameter Menu by typing p
on the Configuration Menu.
2
Select the port to be enabled or disabled by
typing l and entering the port’s number.
∆
3
Note: The 10/100TX port is port number
25, the MII ports (MII I and MII 2) are port
numbers 26 and 27, respectively.
Type c to toggle the port’s connection to
enabled or disabled, as desired.
Configuring Full Duplex
Full duplex mode allows a port to transmit and receive at
the same time.
To configure for full duplex mode:
1
Open the Port Parameter Menu by typing p on the
Configuration Menu.
2
Select the port to be configured for full
duplex mode by typing l and entering the
port’s number.
∆
3
Page 5-22
Note: The 10/100TX port is port number
25, the MII ports (MII I and MII 2) are port
numbers 26 and 27, respectively.
Type f to toggle the port’s mode to half or
full duplex, as desired.
The port’s mode is displayed at the top of the
screen.
Configure Port Parameters
Configuring Auto-Negotiation
Auto-negotiation is an optional feature of the Fast Ethernet
standard that allows two devices on a common segment to
communicate their capabilities, allowing the devices to
determine their highest common speed and best
communication parameters. The two devices involved in
auto-negotiation are the network card installed in your
computer and the IntraSwitch to which it is connected.
Communication between the two devices occurs when
both devices are powered on, the cable connection
between them is valid, and the network operating system
software is running.
Options Negotiated
❏ Ethernet type (100Base-TX Fast Ethernet or
10Base-T Ethernet)
❏ Duplex mode (half or full)
To configure the 10/100TX port or an installed 10/100 MII
module for auto-negotiation:
▲
Important: Only the 10/100TX port and 10/
100 MII ports are capable of auto-negotiation.
1
Open the Port Parameter Menu by typing p
on the Configuration Menu.
2
Select the 10/100TX port or 10/100 MII port
to be configured for full duplex mode by typing l and entering the port’s number.
∆
3
Note: The 10/100TX port is port number
25, the MII ports (MII I and MII 2) are port
numbers 26 and 27, respectively.
Type a to toggle the port’s auto-negotiation
status to enabled or disabled, as desired.
The auto-negotiation status is displayed at the
top of the screen.
Page 5-23
Console Management
Configure RMON Parameters
This menu allows you to view and configure RMON (remote
monitoring) information.
∆
Note: RMON is a standard for monitoring and
reporting network activity using remote monitors. It allows a management system to remotely
monitor the switch for diagnostic purposes.
See Appendix B,“Supported MIBs” for a detailed
description of each group of RMON that is supported by the switch.
▲
Page 5-24
Important: See Chapter 8,“Advanced Management,” for information on using RMON.
Configure MAC Forwarding Table Parameters
Configure MAC Forwarding Table Parameters
This menu allows you to view and search for addresses in the
IntraSwitch’s MAC Forwarding Table.
The MAC Forwarding Table is a table of node addresses that the
IntraSwitch automatically builds by listening to and learning the
information that is broadcast when a new node logs on. The
switch checks the source and destination addresses as packets
pass through the switch and records the information in the
table. The switch uses the information in this table to decide
whether a frame should be forwarded or filtered.
∆
Note: The IntraSwitch’s MAC address table
holds a maximum of 1024 entries.
To access the MAC Forwarding Table Parameters Menu, type f
from the Configuration Menu. The following menu appears:
Current Setting
Figure 5-8
MAC Forwarding Table Parameters Menu
Current Settings
Table 5-8 explains the setting on the MAC Forwarding Table
Parameter Menu.
For information on using the MAC Forwarding Table
Parameter Menu, see:
❏ “Displaying the Forwarding Table” — page
5-26
❏ “Finding an Entry in the MAC Forwarding
Table” — page 5-27
❏ “Setting the Age Out Timer” — page 5-27
Page 5-25
Console Management
Table 5-8 MAC Forwarding Table Parameter Setting
Setting
Description
Age Out Timer
The number of seconds an address remains in the
table after it is learned by the switch.
Displaying the MAC Forwarding Table
1
Open the MAC Forwarding Table Menu by
typing f on the Configuration Menu.
2
Type n to display the Forwarding Table.
A screen similar to Figure 5-9 appears.
Figure 5-9
MAC Forwarding Table
The table displays 15 entries at a time.
Page 5-26
3
Type any key on your keyboard to display the
next 15 entries.
4
Type q to exit the MAC Forwarding Table.
Configure MAC Forwarding Table Parameters
Finding an Entry in the MAC Forwarding Table
To find an entry in the table:
1
Open the MAC Forwarding Table Menu by
typing f on the Configuration Menu.
2
3
Type f to find an entry.
4
Press return.
If the address is found within the table, it is
displayed along with the port number.
If the address is not found, the message “No
Such Entry” is displayed.
Enter the MAC address you want to locate at
the prompt.
Setting the Age Out Timer
1
Open the MAC Forwarding Table Menu by
typing f on the Configuration Menu.
2
3
Type s to set the timer.
Enter the number of seconds you want the
addresses to remain in the table.
∆
4
Note: The default is 300 seconds.
Press return.
Page 5-27
Console Management
Configure Spanning Tree Parameters
This menu allows you to view the IntraSwitch’s Spanning Tree
parameters. It also allows you to enable or disable Spanning
Tree on all of the switch’s ports or on a single port.
By default, the IntraSwitch is shipped with Spanning Tree
enabled on all ports.
▲
Important: You should be familiar with the
IEEE 802.1d specification before attempting to
change these Spanning Tree parameters.
To access the Spanning Tree Parameter Menu, type s from the
Configuration Menu. The following menu appears:
Current Settings;
these values
cannot be
changed
Figure 5-10
Spanning Tree Parameters Menu
Current Settings
Table 5-9 explains each setting on the Spanning Tree
Parameter Menu.
For information on using the menu, see:
❏ “Enabling/Disabling Spanning Tree on ALL
Ports” — page 5-30
❏ “Enabling/Disabling Spanning Tree on a
Port” — page 5-30
Page 5-28
Configure Spanning Tree Parameters
Table 5-9 Spanning Tree Parameter Settings
Setting
Description
Switch ID
The identification number of the IntraSwitch.
This value cannot be changed.
Bridge Max Age
The Maximum Age timer; determines how
long the switch retains information received
from BPDU (bridging Protocol Data Unit)
packets.
The default value is 20 seconds. This value
cannot be changed.
Bridge Hello Time
The Hello timer; controls the frequency at
which the switch sends a BPDU or “hello”
packet.
BPDU packets provide information to the
Spanning Tree bridges about the configuration
of the Spanning Tree network.
The default value is 2 seconds. (This causes
the switch to broadcast a BPDU packet every
two seconds.) This value cannot be changed.
Bridge Forward Delay
The number of seconds a bridge must wait
before it changes a link from a listening state
to a learning state and before it changes the
link from a learning state to a forwarding state.
The default value is 15 seconds. (This means
that after a link [or the entire switch] goes
down and connectivity is re-established, the
switch waits approximately 30 seconds [twice
the default value] before it begins to forward
traffic again. This value cannot be changed.
Page 5-29
Console Management
Enabling/Disabling Spanning Tree on ALL Ports
To enable or disable Spanning Tree on all ports:
1
Open the Spanning Tree Parameter Menu by
typing s on the Configuration Menu.
2
Type d to disable Spanning Tree on all ports;
type e to enable Spanning Tree on all ports.
To cancel the request, type ctrl-c.
3
Type a on the Spanning Tree Parameters
Menu to apply the configuration.
The Spanning Tree status is displayed at the
top of the menu next to STP Status
Enabling/Disabling Spanning Tree on a Single Port
To enable or disable Spanning Tree on an individual port:
1
Open the Spanning Tree Parameter Menu by
typing s on the Configuration Menu.
2
Type c to open the Config STP Port Attributes
Menu.
Figure 5-10 is an example of the Spanning
Tree Port Parameter Menu.
Figure 5-10
Page 5-30
Spanning Tree Port Parameters Menu
Configure Spanning Tree Parameters
3
Select the port number you want to enable
or disable Spanning Tree on by typing l on
the Port Parameter Menu and entering the
port number at the prompt.
∆
Note: The 10/100TX port is port number
25, the MII ports (MII I and MII 2) are port
numbers 26 and 27, respectively.
4
5
Press return.
6
Type q to exit this menu and return to the
Spanning Tree Parameter Menu.
7
Type a to apply the changes.
Type e to enable Spanning Tree on the port;
type d to disable Spanning Tree on the port.
▲
Important: The change will not take
effect until Apply is selected from the Spanning Tree Parameter Menu.
Page 5-31
Console Management
Set Telnet Idle Time Out
This option sets the Telnet idle time-out period.
If a Telnet connection to the IntraSwitch remains idle for the
number of specified time-out minutes, the remote Telnet
connection to the switch is automatically disabled.
To set the Telnet Idle Time Out period:
1
Type t from the Configuration Menu.
The following two lines appear at the bottom of
the screen:
Figure 5-11
Set TelNet Idle Time Out command line
The current idle time is displayed in minutes.
2
Enter the number of minutes for the time-out
period at the prompt.
∆
Note: The default and recommended timeout period is 20 minutes.
To exit this option without making any
changes to the current idle time-out period,
press ctrl-c.
3
Page 5-32
Press return.
Set Console Password
Set Console Password
This option sets the IntraSwitch’s Console password. The
Console password is the password needed to access the
Configuration Menu.
▲
Important: The default password is Asante.
To change the current Console password:
1
Type c from the Configuration Menu.
The following command line appears at the bottom of the screen:
Figure 5-12
2
Set Console Password command line
Type a new password at the “Enter New Password” prompt.
▲
Important: The password is case sensitive.
The password must be a minimum of one
character and a maximum of 20 characters
in length. The password takes any ASCII
code.
3
4
Press return.
5
Press return.
Type the new password again at the confirmation password prompt.
Page 5-33
Console Management
Reset EEPROM to Default
This option resets the IntraSwitch’s values to the factory
default.
▲
Important: This procedure reverts all information to the factory default settings except for
the switch’s IP address, subnet mask, and
default gateway.
See “Factory Defaults” on page 1-9 for a list of all
the switch’s factory default settings.
To reset the EEProm:
1
Type e from the Configuration Menu.
The following command line appears at the bottom of the Configuration Menu:
Figure 5-13
Page 5-34
Reset EEProm to Default command line
2
Type y to reset the EEPROM to default or N to
cancel the reset.
3
Reset the IntraSwitch by turning the switch off,
and then on again.
Resetting the IntraSwitch
To reset the IntraSwitch:
1
Turn the IntraSwitch’s power switch to the off
position.
2
Turn the IntraSwitch’s power switch to the on
position.
The IntraSwitch is reset.
Page 5-35
Console Management
Statistics Menu
The Statistics Menu displays current statistics for the
IntraSwitch on a per-port basis.
Accessing the Statistics Menu
To access the Statistics Menu:
❏
▲
Page 5-36
Type s from the Local Management Interface
Main Menu.
Important: See Chapter 7,“Status Monitoring and Statistics” for information on using the
Statistics Menu.
DRAFT
6
Status Monitoring
and Statistics
This chapter describes how to view the IntraSwitch 5324’s
current operating information and how to gather statistics
using the out-of-band Console or in-band Telnet interface.
This chapter contains the following sections:
❏
Viewing the Current Operating
Information — page 6-2
❏
Viewing Statistics — page 6-4
Status Monitoring and Statistics
Monitoring the IntraSwitch
Viewing the
Current
Operating
Information
The IntraSwitch’s current operating information can be viewed
by accessing the General Information Menu within the switch’s
Local Management Interface.
To view the IntraSwitch’s current operating information:
1
Access the IntraSwitch’s Local Management
Interface.
▲
2
Figure 6-1
Important: Refer to Chapter 3,“Setting
Up For Management” for instructions on
how to connect to the Local Management
Interface.
Type g from the Main Menu. A screen similar to
Figure 6-1 appears.
General Information Menu
Table 6-1 describes each parameter.
To exit the General Information Menu, press the
space bar on your keyboard.
Page 6-2
Viewing the Current Operating Information
Table 6-1 General Information Menu Parameters
Setting
Description
Switch Name
The name of the IntraSwitch.
Switch Location
The location of where the IntraSwitch is
physically located.
Switch Contact
The name of the person responsible for the
IntraSwitch.
ID/MAC Address
The IntraSwitch’s hardware address.
IP Address
The IntraSwitch’s IP (Internet Protocol)
address.
Subnet Mask
The address of the subnet to which the
IntraSwitch belongs.
Default Router
The IP address of the IntraSwitch’s default
gateway router.
Boot Load Mode
The origin of the device boot image file (a
software file residing on hardware required by
the switch to operate on the network).
Local — indicates the switch is set to load the
image file from its internal flash memory
(default setting).
Remote — indicates the switch is set to
download the image file from a remote boot
server on the network.
Boot Mode
The boot mode used for downloading a new
version of software for the IntraSwitch.
BootP-TFTP — sets the switch to request an IP
address from a BootP server and download
the image file through TFTP.
TFTP — sets the switch to only download the
image file through TFTP (does not request an
IP address; the switch must already be
configured with an IP address to use this
option).
Boot Server
The remote boot server’s IP address.
Boot File Name
The image file name and network path.
Page 6-3
Status Monitoring and Statistics
Viewing
Statistics
Viewing statistics on a regular basis allows you to evaluate your
network’s performance. You can view current statistics for the
IntraSwitch on a per-port basis by accessing the Statistics Menu
in the Local Management Interface.
To view statistics:
1
▲
Access the IntraSwitch’s Local Management
Interface.
Important: Refer to Chapter 3,“Setting Up For
Management” for instructions on how to connect
to the Local Management Interface.
2
Type s from the Main Menu. A screen similar to
Figure 6-2 appears:
Figure 6-2
Statistics screen (page one of two)
The Statistics screen displays one page of statistics at a time. To view the second page of statistics, type a for next page.
∆
Page 6-4
Note: For a description of each counter, see
Table 4-1 on page 6-6.
Viewing Statistics
Selecting a Port
The current port for which statistics are displayed is shown
at the top of the screen (next to Port:).
❏
❏
❏
Ports 1 – 24 — displays information for each
10Base-T port.
Port 25 — displays information for the 10/100TX
port.
Ports 26 and 27 — displays information for the
MII expansion ports (MII 1 and MII 2, respectively).
To monitor another port:
❏ Type n to monitor the next port.
❏ Type p to monitor the previous port.
❏ Type l to select a port by entering the port
number.
Monitoring Counters
Each port is monitored in four columns:
❏ Curr ent/per second
Displays the number of counter occurrences
each second.
❏ Peak/per second
Displays the largest number of counter
occurrences since opening or resetting the
screen.
❏ A verage/per second
Displays the average number of counter
occurrences since opening or resetting the
screen.
❏ Total
Displays the total number of counter occurrences since opening or resetting the
screen.
Page 6-5
Status Monitoring and Statistics
Resetting Statistics
❏ Type r to reset the counters to zero.
Stopping Statistics
❏ Type s to stop polling for statistics.
Exiting the Statistics Menu
❏ Type q to exit and return to the Local Management Interface Main Menu.
Counter Descriptions
Table 4-1 describes each counter that is monitored by the
IntraSwitch.
Table 6-2 Statistics Counters Descriptions
Counter
Description
GoodRXOctets
The count of data and padding octets in
frames that are successfully received.
GoodRXFrames
The total number of good packets (including
unicast, broadcast packets, and multicast
packets) received.
RXBcasts
The total number of good packets received
that were directed to the broadcast address.
RXMcasts
The total number of good packets received
that were directed to a multicast address (does
not include packets directed to the broadcast
address).
RXCRC Errors
A count of frames received on a particular
interface that are an integral number of octets
in length but do not pass the FCS (Frame
Check Sequence) check.
RXAlignErrors
For the 10Mbps ports, the counter records
alignment errors.
For the 100Mbps ports, the counter records
the sum of alignment errors and code errors
(frames received with rxerror signal).
Page 6-6
Viewing Statistics
Counter
Description
RXOversize
The total number of packets received that
were longer than 1518 octets in length
(excluding framing bits, but including FCS
octes) and were otherwise normal.
RXJabbers
The total number of packets received that were
longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing
bits, but including FCS octets), and had either
an FCS error or an alignment error.
RXUndersize
The total number of packets received with less
than 64 octets (excluding framing bits, but
including FCS octets) and were otherwise
normal.
RXFragments
The total number of packets received that
were not an integral number of octets in
length or that had a bad FCS, and were less
than 64 octets in length (excluding framing
bits but including FCS octets).
Pkt64
The total number of packets (including error
packets) received with 64 octets (excluding
framing bits, but including FCS octets).
Pkt65-127
The total number of packets (including error
packets) received that were between 65 and
127 octets in length (excluding framing bits,
but including FCS octets).
Pkt128-255
The total number of packets (including error
packets) received that were between 128 and
255 octets in length (excluding framing bits,
but including FCS octets).
Pkt256-511
The total number of packets (including error
packets) received that were between 256 and
511 octets in length (excluding framing bits,
but including FCS octets).
Pkt512-1023
The total number of packets (including error
packets) received that were between 512 and
1023 octets in length (excluding framing bits,
but including FCS octets).
Pkt1024-1518
The total number of packets (including error
packets) received that were between 1024 and
1518 octets in length (excluding framing bits,
but including FCS octets).
Page 6-7
Status Monitoring and Statistics
Page 6-8
Counter
Description
NetOctets
The total number of octets of data (including
those in bad packets) received on the network
(excluding framing bits but including FCS
octets). This object can be used as a
reasonable indication of Ethernet utilization.
SQEErrors
A count of times that the SQE TEST ERROR
message is generated by the PLS sublayer for
a particular interface. The SQE TEST ERROR is
defined in section 7.2.2.2.4 of ANSI/IEEE 802.3
- 1985 and its generation in 7.2.4.6 of the
same.
GoodTXOctets
A count of data and padding octets of frames
that were successfully transmitted.
GoodTXFrames
The total number of packets (including bad
packets, broadcast packets and multicast
packets) transmitted successfully.
STXCollision
(Single Collision TX Frames) A count of the
successfully transmitted frames on a particular
interface for which transmission is inhibited by
exactly one collision.
MTXCollision
(Multiple Collision TX Frames) A count of the
successfully transmitted frames on a particular
interface for which transmission is inhibited by
more than one collision.
DRAFT
7
Advanced
Management
This chapter describes how to manage the IntraSwitch 5324
using RMON via the out-of-band Console or in-band Telnet
interface.
This chapter contains the following sections:
❏
RMON Overview— page 7-2
❏
Benefits of RMON — page 7-2
❏
Configuring RMON Parameters — page 7-3
❏
RMON History Group — page 7-4
❏
RMON Alarm Group — page 7-9
❏
RMON Event Group — page 7-15
Advanced Management
Advanced Management
RMON
Overview
RMON stands for remote monitoring. It is a standard for monitoring and reporting network activity using remote monitors.
You can use RMON via the switch’s Local Management Interface or via any SNMP-based network management software that
supports RMON.
A typical RMON setup consists of two components:
Benefits of
RMON
❏
The RMON probe — a device or software agent
that continually collects statistics about a LAN
segment and transfers the information to a management workstation (either on request or when
a pre-defined threshold is crossed).
❏
The management workstation — a network
station that communicates with the RMON probe
and collects statistics from it. The workstation
does not have to be on the same network as the
probe and can manage the probe by in-band or
out-of-band connections.
Some of the benefits of using RMON are:
❏
Impr oved ef fi ciency
— you can remain at one
workstation and collect information from widely
dispersed LAN segments.
❏
Pr oductive management — if configured correctly, RMON probes can deliver information
before problems occur.
Reduces load on the network and the management station — an RMON probe looks at
the network on behalf of the network management station without affecting the characteristics
and performance of the network.
❏
Page 7-2
Configuring RMON Parameters
Configuring
RMON
Parameters
▲
Important: A knowledge of RMON is strongly
recommended to configure these parameters.
To view and configure RMON parameters via the IntraSwitch’s
Local Management Interface:
1
Access the IntraSwitch’s Local Management
Interface.
▲
Important: Refer to Chapter 3,“Setting
Up For Management” for instructions on
how to connect to the Local Management
Interface.
2
Type c from the Main Menu.
The “Enter Password” prompt appears.
3
Type your password at the prompt, then press
return.
4
Type m to open the RMON Parameters menu.
The following menu appears:
Figure 7-1
RMON Parameters Menu
From this menu you can access three submenus:
❏
❏
❏
RMON History Group — page 7-4
RMON Alarm Group — page 7-9
RMON Event Group — page 7-15
Page 7-3
Advanced Management
RMON History Group
The History Group records periodic statistical samples
from a network and stores them for later retrieval.
History provides segment statistics shown over time, with
user-definable sampling rates and time intervals. This
feature allows you to perform accurate trend analysis by
displaying, adding, and/or deleting RMON History Group
entries.
To access the RMON History Group menu, type h from the
RMON Parameter Menu. The following menu appears.
Figure 7-2
RMON History Group Menu
Adding an RMON History Control Group Entry
To add a History Control Group entry:
▲
1
Page 7-4
Important: The maximum number of
entries that can be added is 27.
You can add multiple entries (up to 27) on
the same interface.
Type a from the RMON History Group menu.
Command prompts, similar to those shown in
Figure 7-3, appear one at a time on the screen.
Adding an RMON History Control Group Entry
command prompts
Figure 7-3
2
Add RMON History Control Group entry
Enter the information requested for each
prompt, following the guidelines below.
Data Source (Interface Number)
Enter the number of the port for which statistics are to be
gathered.
Requested Buckets
Enter the number of discrete time intervals over which data
is to be saved. This number can be between 1 and 10.
Sampling Interval
Enter the interval (in seconds) over which the data is to be
sampled for each bucket. This interval can be set to any
number of seconds between 1 and 3600 (1 hour).
Owner String
Enter the name of the person who configured this entry.
This value is used for tracking purposes; it can be any text
or integer.
3
Type y at the prompt to set the parameters,
or type n to cancel.
Page 7-5
Advanced Management
Displaying an RMON History Control Group Entry
To display an RMON History Control Group entry:
▲
Important: There must be at least one History
Control Group entry in the system in order to
display information for an entry. To add a History Control Group entry, see “Adding an RMON
History Control Group Entry” on page 7-4.
1
2
Type p from the RMON History Group menu.
3
Press return.
A screen similar to Figure 7-4 appears.
Figure 7-4
Enter the number of the RMON History
Group entry to be displayed.
Display RMON History Control Group entry
Interface
The number of the port for which statistics are displayed.
Requested Buckets
The requested number of discrete time intervals over
which data is to be saved. This number can be between 1
and 10.
Granted Buckets
The number of discrete sampling intervals over which data
shall be saved in the part of the media-specific table
associated with this entry.
Page 7-6
Displaying an RMON History Statistic Entry
Sampling Interval
The interval (in seconds) over which the data is sampled
for each bucket.
Owner String
The person or entity who configured this entry.
Displaying an RMON History Statistic Entry
To display statistics for a History Control Group entry:
1
2
Figure 7-5
Type s from the RMON History Group menu.
Type the number of the History Control
Group entry you want to display statistics for
at command prompt.
A screen similar to Figure 7-5 appears.
Display RMON History Statistic entry
The Local Management Interface can display
only four buckets. To view more, use an
SNMP-based management software program
capable of RMON to access the RMON History Statistics.
The screen automatically updates at the set
sampling interval.
Page 7-7
Advanced Management
3
4
Type s to stop the sampling interval.
Type q to return to the History Group menu.
Deleting an RMON History Control Group Entry
This option allows you to delete an RMON History Control
Group entry.
To delete a History Control Group entry:
Page 7-8
1
2
Type d from the RMON History Group menu.
3
Press return.
The History Control Group Entry to be
deleted is displayed.
4
Type y to confirm the deletion, or n to cancel the deletion.
Type the number of the History Control
Group entry to be deleted at the command
prompt.
RMON Alarm Group
RMON Alarm Group
The Alarm Group periodically takes statistical samples from
variables and compares them to previously configured
thresholds. The alarm table stores configuration entries,
each of which defines a polling period and various
threshold values.
▲
Important: The Alarm Group requires implementation of the Event Group. You must cr eate an Event Gr oup entry befor
e you can
add an Alar m Gr oup entry
. See “Add RMON
Event Group Entry” on page 7-16 for instructions.
To access the RMON Alarm Group menu, type a from the
RMON Parameter Menu. A screen similar to Figure 7-6
appears.
Figure 7-6
RMON Alarm Group Menu
Page 7-9
Advanced Management
Adding an RMON Alarm Group Entry
To add an Alarm Group Entry:
▲
Important: The Alarm Group requires
implementation of the Event Group. You
must have an Event Group entry created
BEFORE you can add an Alarm Group entry.
See “Add RMON Event Group Entry” on
page 7-16 for instructions.
1
Type a from the RMON Alarm Group Menu.
Command prompts, similar to those shown in
Figure 7-7, appear one at a time on the screen.
Command Prompts
Figure 7-7
2
Add RMON Alarm Group entry
Enter the information requested for each
prompt, following the guidelines below.
Sampling Interval
Enter the number (in seconds) for which data is to be
sampled.
This value can be set to any number of seconds between 1
and 3600 (1 hour).
Page 7-10
Adding an RMON Alarm Group Entry
Data Source (Obj ID)
Enter the Object ID of the counter to be monitored.
▲
Important: The Object ID for a counter
is defined in the MIB with which it is associated (e.g., MIB II, RMON, etc).
Some counters require an interface number (the number of the port to be monitored) at the end of the object ID. See
Figure 7-8.
For example, to monitor the RMON Ethernet Statistics Octets counter (etherStatsOctets), enter the following object ID
number, directly followed by the number
of the port to be monitored:
1.3.6.1.2.1.16.1.1.1.4.4
Object ID
Figure 7-8
Interface (Port) Number
Object ID entry
Sampling Type
Enter the method for sampling the selected Data Source.
Options are:
❏ absolute value — the value of the Data
Source is compared directly with the thresholds at the end of the sampling interval.
❏ delta value — the value of the Data Source
at the last sample is subtracted from the current value, and the difference compared
with the thresholds.
Startup Alarm
Enter the type of alarm to be sent. Option are:
❏ risingAlarm — if the first sample is greater
than or equal to the value set for the Rising
Threshold (see “Rising Threshold” on
page 7-12), an alarm is generated.
Page 7-11
Advanced Management
❏ fallingAlar m
— if the first sample is less
than or equal to the value set for the Falling
Threshold (see “Falling Threshold” below),
an alarm is generated.
❏ risingOrFallingAlar —msets both rising
and falling alarms.
Rising Threshold
Enter the number of the threshold for the sampled statistic.
When the current sampled value is greater than or equal to
this threshold, and the value at the last sampling interval
was less than this threshold, a single event will be
generated.
Falling Threshold
Enter the number of the threshold for the sampled statistic.
When the current sampled value is less than or equal to this
threshold, and the value at the last sampling interval was
greater than this threshold, a single event will be generated.
Rising Event Index
Enter the number of the Event entry that was created for
this Alarm entry.
This number references the Event entry that is to be
utilized when a rising threshold is crossed. If there is no
corresponding entry in the eventTable, or if this value is
zero, no associated event will be generated.
Falling Event Index
Enter the number of the Event entry that you created for
this Alarm entry.
This number references the Event entry that is to be
utilized when a rising threshold is crossed. If there is no
corresponding entry in the eventTable, or if this value is
zero, no associated event will be generated.
Owner String
Enter name of the person or entity who defined the entry.
3
Page 7-12
Type y at the prompt to set the parameters.
Displaying an RMON Alarm Group Entry
Displaying an RMON Alarm Group Entry
To display information for a specific Alarm Group entry:
▲
1
2
Type p from the RMON Alarm Group menu.
3
Press return.
A screen similar to Figure 7-9 appears.
Figure 7-9
∆
Important: There must be at least one
Alarm Group entry in the system in order
to display information for an entry. To add
an Alarm Group entry, see “Adding an
RMON Alarm Group Entry” on page 7-10.
Enter the number of the Alarm Group entry
to be displayed.
Display RMON Alarm Group entry
Note: For a description of each parameter,
see page 7-10 to 7-12.
Page 7-13
Advanced Management
Deleting an RMON Alarm Group Entry
This option allows you to delete an Alarm Group entry.
To delete an Alarm Group entry:
Page 7-14
1
2
Type d from the RMON Alarm Group menu.
3
Press return.
The Alarm Group entry to be deleted is displayed.
4
Type y to confirm the deletion, or n to cancel.
Type the number of the Alarm Group entry
to be deleted at the command prompt.
RMON Event Group
RMON Event Group
The Event Group controls the generation and notification
of events from the device. It provides a list of all the
events (activities) created by the monitor.
▲
Important: An Event Group entry is associated with an Alarm Group entry.
An Alarm Group entry determines when an
alarm should occur; the associated Event Group
entry determines the action to occur when the
alarm is triggered.
To access the RMON Event Group menu, type e from the
RMON Parameter Menu. A screen similar to Figure 7-10
appears.
Figure 7-10
RMON Event Group Menu
Page 7-15
Advanced Management
Adding an RMON Event Group Entry
This option allows you to add an Event Group entry.
To add an Event Group Entry:
1
Type a from the RMON Event Group Menu.
Command prompts, similar to those shown in
Figure 7-11, appear one at a time on the screen.
Command Prompts
Figure 7-11
2
Add RMON Event Group entry
Enter the information requested for each
prompt, following the guidelines below.
Event Description
Enter a description of the event.
Event Type
Enter the type of event to occur upon a threshold violation.
Options are:
❏
❏
❏
❏
Page 7-16
none — no action is taken.
log — records the alarm in the RMON
Event Group Entry Log.
trap — sends a trap to the SNMP trap receiver
(specified in the SNMP parameters menu).
log and trap — records the alarm and
sends a trap to the SNMP trap receiver.
Displaying an RMON Event Group Entry
Event Community String
Enter the octet string of the SNMP community to receive
the event.
Event Owner String
Enter the name of the person who created this entry.
3
Type y at the prompt to set the parameters,
or type n to cancel.
Displaying an RMON Event Group Entry
To display an Event Group entry:
▲
Important: There must be at least one Event
Group entry in the system in order to display
information for an entry. To add an Event Group
entry, see “Adding an RMON Event Group Entry”
on page 7-16.
1
2
Type p from the RMON Event Group menu.
3
Press return.
A screen similar to Figure 7-12 appears.
Enter the number of the RMON Event Group
entry to be displayed.
Figure 7-12
∆
Display RMON Event Group entry
Note: For a description of each parameter,
see page 7-16 to 7-17.
Page 7-17
Advanced Management
Displaying the RMON Event Group Entry Log
This option allows you to display a log of recorded events
that have occurred.
▲
Important: Only events with an Event
Type of Log or Log and T rap
are displayed.
To display the RMON Event Group Entry log:
1
2
Figure 7-13
∆
Page 7-18
Type l from the RMON Event Group menu.
Type the number of the Event Group entry
for which you want to view information.
The log of events for that entry is displayed,
similar to Figure 7-13.
Display RMON Event Group entry log
Note: If there are no events recorded for the
entry, the message “End of Log Table!!” is displayed. Press ctrl-c to continue.
Deleting an RMON Event Group Entry
Deleting an RMON Event Group Entry
This option allows you to delete an Event Group entry.
To delete an Event Group entry:
1
2
Type d from the RMON Event Group menu.
3
Press return.
The Event Group entry to be deleted is displayed.
4
Type y to confirm the deletion, or n to cancel.
Type the number of the Event Group entry to
be deleted at the command prompt.
Page 7-19
Appendix A
Troubleshooting
This section provides some diagnostic tips for troubleshooting
problems with your network and the IntraSwitch 5324.
LED Indicators
The following table describes some possible errors and
solutions for troubleshooting problems via the switch’s LEDs.
LED Error Type/Cause
Solution (Options or Steps)
Power LED does not come on when the power cord is connected to an outlet
❏
AC power source is not operational.
❏
Check the AC power source.
❏
Power cord not connected/faulty.
❏
Connect/replace the power cord.
❏
Internal power supply has failed.
❏
If configured, ensure redundant
DC power supply is connected
and is operating (schedule time
to return unit for repair).
Data LED for the port never comes on
❏
Cable connection is broken or
faulty.
❏
Make sure the LINK LED is on; if
the LINK LED is off, replace
cable.
❏
Equipment to which the port is
connected is not operating.
❏
Make sure the device to which
the port is connected is operating properly
Max Util (maximum utilization) LED for the port never blinks (steady light)
❏
Port is overloaded.
❏
Check the port statistics for the
amount of traffic, errors, etc.
being transmitted on the port.
Page A-1
Troubleshooting
LED Error Type/Cause
Solution (Options or Steps)
Link LED for the port goes off
Page A-2
❏
Cable connection is broken.
❏
Make sure connectors are seated
correctly in the equipment at
both ends of the cable. Check the
continuity of the wires in the
cable and the pin assignments
on the RJ-45 connectors.
❏
Network station to which the
port is connected has been powered off.
❏
Make sure the station to which
the port is connected is plugged
in and powered on.
❏
Wrong type of cable is connected between the port and the
equipment.
❏
Make sure the correct type of
cable is connected to the port
(refer to “Connecting to the Network” on page 2-7).
Appendix B
Supported MIBs
The IntraSwitch 5324 supports the following MIBs (Management Information Bases):
❏
❏
❏
RMON (RFC 1757)
MIB II (RFC 1213)
Bridge MIB (RFC 1493)
This section describes each supported MIB and its groups.
RMON
(RFC 1757)
The IntraSwitch 5324 supports four groups of Remote Network
Monitoring (RMON) MIB objects.
❏
❏
❏
❏
Statistics
History Group
Alarm Group
Event Group
∆ Note: RMON is a standard for monitoring and
reporting network activity using remote network monitoring devices (referred to as “monitors” or “probes.”)
RMON is designed to supplement the management
information obtained and used by SNMP. For more
information, refer to RFC 1757.
Statistics
The Statistics group contains statistics measured by the probe
for each monitored interface on the device. These statistics
take the form of free-running counters that start from zero
when a valid entry is created.
The statistics group lists Ethernet statistic types (e.g.,
multicasts, fragments, collisions) and supplies a numerical
counter of occurrences.
Page B-1
Supported MIBs
History Group
The History group records periodic statistical samples from the
collision domain and stores them in an SNMP table for later
retrieval.
The History group allows the manager to set a timer to record
samples of Ethernet statistics. It allows baselining of network
activity over time.
Once samples are taken, the sample data is stored in an entry in
a media-specific table. Each such entry defines one sample and
is associated with the historyControl entry that caused the
sample to be taken. The only media-specific table defined is the
etherHistoryTable for Ethernet networks.
Alarm Group
The Alarm group periodically takes statistical samples from
variables and compares them to previously configured
thresholds. The alarm table stores configuration entries, each of
which defines a polling period and various threshold values.
If a monitored variable exceeds a threshold value, the switch
generates an event. No more events are generated for that
threshold until the opposite threshold is exceeded.
You can limit the generation of events via the MIB. When
sampling a delta value, you can increase the precision of the
sample by taking the sample twice per period and comparing
the sum of the latest two samples to the threshold. This allows
the switch to detect threshold crossings that span the sampling
boundary. This does not require any special configuration of
the threshold value.
This group requires the implementation of the Event Group.
Page B-2
MIB II (RFC 1213)
Event Group
The Event group controls the generation and notification of
events from the switch.
Each entry in the eventTable describes the event’s parameters
that can be triggered. The switch generates an event when an
associated condition is present in the MIB. The event can
trigger a related function in the MIB.
Each eventEntry can specify that, when an event occurs, a log
entry and an SNMP trap message is created for the event. The
community for the SNMP trap message is contained in the
associated eventCommunity object. The condition that triggers
the event determines the enterprise and specific trap fields of
the trap. If the eventTable is triggered by a condition specified
elsewhere, the enterprise and specific trap fields must be
specifies for traps generated for that condition.
Data related to the control of the generation and notification of
events from the selected device.
MIB II
(RFC 1213)
The IntraSwitch supports the following MIB II groups:
System Group
The System group collects information about the switch and
the network.
This group contains the following: a description of the system,
the name of the organization or enterprise, the system up time,
the contact person for the system, the system's name and
location, and services for the system.
Interface Group
The Interface group collects information about the interface for
the system.
This group contains the following: fields that describe the
network interfaces and list the system's physical address,
description, type, size, bandwidth, operational status, uptime at
last change, out queue length, MIB definitions, administrative
status of the system, and various input and output data.
Page B-3
Supported MIBs
Address Trans Group
The Address Translation group collects information about the
capability to translate physical and network IP addresses.
This group contains the following items: interface index,
physical address, and network address for the MIB.
IP Group
The IP group contains information about the Internet Protocol
functions for the selected network object.
This group contains the following items: fields for forwarding
and the default time-to-live for the system. Fields for monitoring
input and output data, reassembles and fragments are also
displayed.
IP Address Table
The IP Address Table group contains fields for the Internet
Protocol address, interface, net mask, broadcast address and
maximum reassembly size for the system.
IP Routing Table
The IP Routing Table group collects the system's destination
Internet Protocol address, interface, primary and alternate
routing metrics, next hop, and the following data for route:
type, discovery, age, and mask. MIB definitions are also
included. (IP routing is a function of the Internet Protocol that
directs outgoing message packets to the correct destination
nodes.)
IP Address Translation Table
The IP Address Translation Table group contains fields for
interface, physical address, IP address and translation type for
the system.
ICMP Group
The ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) group contains
information for monitoring input and output data for ICMP.
Page B-4
MIB II (RFC 1213)
TCP Group
The TCP group contains information that relates to Transmission
Control Protocol, such as algorithm, minimum and maximum
for retransmission time-outs, monitoring connections, failures,
established resets, input and output data, and retransmitted
segments.
TCP Connection Table
The TCP Connection Table group contains data about each TCP
connection, with a field for the state of the connection and
fields for the local IP address, local port, remote IP address and
remote port.
UDP Group
The UDP group contains data about the User Datagram
Protocol, which is used for connectionless transport services.
This group contains the following items: fields for monitoring
input and output data related to UDP.
UDP Listener Table
The UDP Listener Table group contains data about the User (or
Un-numbered) Datagram Protocol agent for the system.This
group contains the following items: fields that list the local IP
address and local port for each listener.
SNMP Group
The SNMP group contains data related to the protocol used to
manage and monitor nodes on a network.
This group contains the following: field for listing for
authentication traps for the system and fields for monitoring
input and output data used by SNMP to manage and monitor
nodes on a network.
Page B-5
Supported MIBs
Bridge MIB
(1493)
The IntraSwitch supports the following Bridge MIB group:
Base Port
The Base Port group enables and disables ports.
Page B-6
Appendix C
Technical Specifications
Network Management Platforms Supported
❏
❏
❏
SNMP-compatible management software
HTTP management software
Telnet software
LEDs
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
100Mbps operation
Maximum Utilization
Full Duplex/Collision
Data
Link
Power
Connectors
❏
❏
❏
RS-232 (DB-9, female)
RJ-45 (10Base-T, 10/100Base-TX)
MII (Media Independent Interface)
Spanning Tree Support
❏
IEEE 802.1d
MAC Address Table Size
❏
1024
Dimensions
❏
❏
❏
Width: 17.1 inches (434.3 mm)
Height: 2.25 inches (57.2 mm)
Depth: 14.5 inches (368.3 mm)
Page C-1
Technical Specifications
Weight
❏
11 pounds (5 kg)
Power Specifications
❏
❏
❏
Voltage range: 100 to 240 VAC
Frequency range: 60/50 Hz
Maximum current: 1.6 A
Environmental Specifications
❏
❏
Temperature: 0° to 45° C
Relative Humidity: 5% to 85% non-condensing
Standards Compliance
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
MIB II
RMON (4 groups)
BootP
DHCP
IEEE802.3u
IEEE802.1d
Safety: UL, CSA, VDE,TUV
FCC Class B, CE Class B
Mounting Options
❏
❏
Rack Mounting: standard 19-inch rack
Desktop/Free-standing
Redundant Power Supply
❏
Page C-2
Compatible with Asanté’s RPSU 6000 (part number
99-00454-07) [sold separately]
Appendix D
Management Menu Tree
Page D-1
Index
Numerics
10/100TX port
connecting to the network 2-7
default setting 1-9, 5-20
features 1-6
100Base-FX module, connecting to the
network 2-8
100Mbps LED 3-3
10Base-FL module, connecting to the
network 2-8
10Base-T ports
connecting to the network 2-7
default setting 1-9, 5-20
5324.10x file 5-15
A
absolute value, RMON 7-11
address
IP (Internet Protocol). See IP address
MAC. See MAC addresses
trans group, MIB II B-4
addresses, viewing table of 5-25
age out timer
changing 5-27
viewing 5-26
airflow requirements 2-2
alarms
falling, RMON 7-12
rising, RMON 7-11
RMON 7-11
RMON group definition B-2
alarm group, RMON 7-9, 7-15
absolute value 7-11
adding entry 7-10
configuring 7-9
data source 7-11
deleting entry 7-14
delta value 7-11
displaying entry 7-13
falling
alarm 7-12
alarm group (continued)
falling (continued)
event index 7-12
threshold 7-12
object ID 7-11
rising
alarm 7-11
event index 7-12
threshold 7-12
sampling
interval 7-10
type 7-11
startup alarm 7-11
assistance. See technical support
audience, manual xiv
auto-negotiation
changing 5-23
description 5-23
viewing 5-21
automatic configuration. See bootp
B
back panel layout 1-2
base port group, bridge MIB B-6
bits per second 2-11
boot
file name, viewing 5-14
server, IP address, viewing 5-14
mode, tftp, viewing 5-14
bootp 2-10
bootp-tftp 5-14, 6-3
bridge
filter forwarding table, bridge MIB B-6
forward delay, spanning tree, viewing 5-29
hello time, spanning tree, viewing 5-29
max age, spanning tree, viewing 5-29
MIB, groups
spanning tree configuration B-6
base port, definition B-6
bridge filter forwarding table,
definition B-6
Index i
browsers. See World Wide Web browsers
buckets
granted, RMON 7-6
requested, RMON 7-5
C
cables
category 3, 4, 5 2-7
connecting network devices 2-7
cross-over 2-7
diagram 2-9
fiber, connecting 2-8
for connecting devices 1-8
RS-232 2-11
straight-through 2-7
types of A-2
cabling scenarios diagram 2-9
category 3, 4, 5 cables 2-7
community strings
changing 5-17
read, viewing 5-17
RMON event 7-17
write, viewing 5-17
compliance, standards C-2
configuration
bootp (automatic) 2-10
console (manual) 2-11
menu, password, default 5-6
overview 1-4
terminal settings 2-11
configurations, factory defaults 1-9
configure
bootstrap parameters menu 5-13
configure system administration information
menu 5-9
configure TCP/IP parameters menu 5-11
configuring switch for management 2-10, 2-11
connecting switch to network 2-7
connectors C-1
SC 2-8
ST 2-8
Index ii
console
configuration 2-11
connection 4-4
management
configuration menu 5-6
logging into 5-6
overview 5-7
general information menu
main menu 5-4
menu tree D-1
overview 5-2
password 5-33
contact information
changing 5-10
viewing 5-9
cooling requirements 2-2
counters, statistics
overview 6-6
viewing 6-4
cross-over cable 2-7
current rating 2-2, C-2
D
data
bits
LED
2-11
description 3-3
troubleshooting A-1
source
alarm group, RMON 7-11
RMON 7-5
default
configurations 1-9
gateway
changing 5-12
viewing 5-11
password 5-33
console, default 2-12
delta value, RMON 7-11
depth C-1
desktop installation/mounting 2-6
5-5
devices
connection, determining 5-21
speed of, determining 5-21
diagnostic LEDs 3-4
diagrams
cabling scenarios 2-9
management options 4-3
disabling ports 5-22
document conventions xiv
E
EEPROM, resetting values 5-34
emulator, terminal. See terminal emulator
enabling ports 5-22
environment specifications C-2
equipment
rack installation 2-5
required for installation 1-8
errors. See troubleshooting
event
community string, RMON 7-17
description, RMON 7-16
group, RMON
adding entry 7-16
configuring 7-15
deleting entry 7-19
displaying entry 7-17
entry log 7-18
index
falling, RMON 7-12
rising, RMON 7-12
logging, RMON 7-16
RMON group B-3
trap, RMON 7-16
type, RMON 7-16
exiting submenus 5-4
expansion ports. See MII expansion modules
F
factory default
configurations
1-9
factory default (continued)
settings, resetting 5-34
falling
alarm, RMON 7-12
event index, RMON 7-12
threshold (RMON alarm group) 7-12
FDP/COL (Full Duplex/collision) LED 3-3
features 1-6
fiber cable 2-8
filter forwarding table, bridge MIB B-6
flow control 2-11
forwarding address table
age out timer, changing 5-27
displaying 5-26
finding an address 5-27
timer, viewing 5-26
viewing 5-25
free-standing installation 2-6
frequency range 2-2, C-2
front panel
layout 1-2
LEDs 3-2
full duplex
changing 5-22
determining 5-21
G
gateway, default
changing 5-12
viewing 5-11
general information
menu
description 5-5
parameters, description
viewing 6-2
general specifications C-1
generating traps 5-18
GoodRXFrames 6-6
GoodRXOctets 6-6
GoodTXFrames 6-8
GoodTXOctets 6-8
6-3
Index iii
granted buckets, RMON
7-6
H
half duplex
changing 5-22
determining 5-21
height C-1
help. See technical support xii
history group, RMON 7-4, B-2
adding entry 7-4
configuring 7-4
data source 7-5
deleting entry 7-8
displaying entry 7-6
granted buckets 7-6
interface 7-6
requested buckets 7-5
sampling interval 7-7
static entry 7-7
HTTP server. See Web browser management
humidity 2-2, C-2
I
ICMP group, MIB II B-4
idle time-out, telnet, setting 5-32
IEEE 802.1d. See spanning tree
image file. See software
in-band management, connecting 4-6
installation
airflow requirements 2-2
cabling scenarios diagram 2-9
connecting
power 2-4
to network, diagram 2-9
to the network 2-7
cooling requirements 2-2
desktop 2-6
environmental requirements 2-2
equipment rack 2-5
guidelines 2-2
managed setup 2-10
Index iv
installation (continued)
MII expansion modules 2-13
mounting options C-2
desktop C-2
equipment rack C-2
overview 2-3
power requirements 2-2
steps 2-3
interface
group, MIB II B-3
RMON 7-6
IntraSwitch
back panel layout 1-2
components, overview 1-3
front panel layout 1-2
overview 1-2
resetting 5-35
IP (Internet Protocol)
address table group, MIB II B-4
address translation table, MIB II B-4
group, MIB II B-4
routing table group, MIB II B-4
IP address
assigning automatically 2-10
assigning manually 2-11
changing 5-12
verifying (ping) 2-10
viewing 5-11
ISwitch.cfg file 5-15
L
LEDs
100Mbps 3-3
at startup 3-2
data
description 3-3
troubleshooting A-1
diagnostic 3-4
FDP/COL 3-3
link
description 3-3
troubleshooting A-2
LEDs (continued)
Max Util 3-3
overview 3-2
power
description 3-4
troubleshooting A-1
troubleshooting with A-1
utilization
description 3-3
troubleshooting A-1
light emitting diodes. See LEDs
link LED
description 3-3
troubleshooting A-2
load mode
default setting 5-13
local, viewing 5-14
remote, viewing 5-14
location information
changing 5-10
viewing 5-9
logging in, for management 5-6
loops, in bridged networks, MIB for
detecting B-6
M
MAC addresses
finding 5-27
table
displaying 5-26
size 5-25
viewing 5-25
main menu, description 5-4
management
automatic configuration (bootp) 2-10
bootstrap parameters, viewing
5-13
configuration menu 5-6
logging into 5-6
overview of options 5-7
console 5-2, 5-4
EEProm parameters, resetting 5-34
general information menu 5-5
management (continued)
information bases. See MIBs
local 4-4
manual configuration (console) 2-11
menu tree D-1
operating information, viewing 6-2
options, diagram 4-3
console 4-4
telnet 4-6
overview 1-4, 4-2
password, changing 5-33
platforms supported C-1
port information, viewing
5-20
remote 4-6
RMON 7-2
alarm group 7-9, 7-15
history group 7-4
SNMP information, viewing 5-16
software, upgrading 5-15
spanning tree parameters, viewing 5-28
statistics
counters 6-6
viewing 6-4
submenus
accessing 5-4
exiting 5-4
system administration information
configuring 5-10
viewing 5-9
tasks, list of 5-3
TCP/IP
parameters, default 5-11
information
changing
5-12
viewing 5-11
telnet idle time, configuring 5-32
managing the IntraSwitch, preparation
for 2-10, 2-11
manual
audience xiv
contents xiii
document conventions xiv
Index v
max util (maximum utilization) LED
description 3-3
troubleshooting A-1
maximum current C-2
media independent interface. See MII
expansion modules
menu tree, management D-1
MIB II, groups supported B-3
address trans group, definition B-4
ICMP, definition B-4
interface, definition B-3
IP
address table, definition B-4
address translation table, definition B-4
routing table, definition B-4
SNMP, definition B-5
system, definition B-3
TCP connection table, definition B-5
TCP, definition B-5
UDP listener table, definition B-5
UDP, definition B-5
MIBs
bridge
base port group, definition B-6
filter forwarding table, definition B-6
groups supported B-6
spanning tree configuration B-6
MIB II
address trans group, definition B-4
groups supported B-3
ICMP group, definition B-4
interface group, definition B-3
IP
address table group B-4
address translation table B-4
group, definition B-4
routing table group B-4
SNMP group, definition B-5
system group, definition B-3
TCP
connection table, definition B-5
group, definition B-5
Index vi
MIBs (continued)
MIB II (continued)
UDP
group, definition B-5
listener table, definition B-5
RMON
alarm group, definition B-2
event group, definition B-3
groups supported B-1
history group, definition B-2
statistics group B-1
supported 1-4
MII expansion modules
connecting to the network 2-8
default settings 5-20
features of 1-6
installing 2-13
monitoring the switch 3-2
mounting options C-2
desktop C-2
rack C-2
MTXCollision 6-8
N
name information
changing 5-10
viewing 5-9
NetOctets 6-8
network
connecting switch to 2-7
devices
connection, determining 5-21
speed of, determining 5-21
O
object ID, alarm group, RMON
operating information, viewing
out-of-band management
accessing 4-4
baud rate, viewing 5-11
connecting 4-4
7-11
6-2
overview, of IntraSwitch 1-2, 1-3
configuration options 1-4
features 1-6
management options 1-4, 4-2
console 4-4
telnet 4-6
SNMP 1-4
Web browsers 1-4
of chapters xiii
package contents 1-7
switching capacity 1-5
tools and materials 1-8
owner string
alarm group, RMON 7-12
RMON 7-6
P
package contents 1-7
parameters
EEProm, resetting 5-34
TCP/IP, default 5-11
parity 2-11
password
changing 5-33
default 2-12, 5-33
entering 5-6
ping 2-10
Pkt1024-1518 6-7
Pkt128-255 6-7
Pkt256-511 6-7
Pkt512-1023 6-7
Pkt64 6-7
Pkt65-127 6-7
placement options C-2
desktop C-2
equipment rack C-2
ports
10Base-T, connecting 2-7
10/100TX
connecting devices 2-7
features of 1-6
port (continued)
auto negotiation
changing 5-23
viewing 5-21
connection
changing 5-22
viewing 5-21
enable status, viewing 5-21
enabling 5-22
disable status, viewing 5-21
disabling 5-22
link mode
changing 5-22
viewing 5-21
link status, viewing 5-21
MII modules
connecting 2-8
installing 2-13
numbering of 5-20
speed, viewing 5-21
power
connecting 2-4
indication of 3-4
LED
description 3-4
troubleshooting A-1
redundant (back up supply) 1-3,
requirements 2-2
specifications C-2
supply, redundant 1-3
powering on the IntraSwitch 2-4
problems. See troubleshooting
C-2
R
rack
bracket 2-5
mounting 2-5, C-2
read community string
changing 5-17
viewing 5-17
receivers, of traps
adding 5-18
Index vii
receivers, of traps (continued)
deleting 5-19
redundant power supply connector
description 1-3
part number
C-2
relative humidity 2-2
remote monitoring. See RMON
requested buckets, RMON 7-5, 7-6
requirements
airflow 2-2
cooling 2-2
environmental 2-2
power 2-2
reset
EEPROM 5-34
factory defaults 1-9
IntraSwitch 5-35
resetting the switch 5-35
RFC (request for comments)
1213 (MIB II). See MIB II
1493 (bridge MIB). See bridge MIB
1757 (RMON). See RMON
rising
alarm, RMON 7-11
event index, RMON 7-12
threshold, RMON alarm group 7-12
RMON
alarm group
absolute value 7-11
add entry
falling threshold 7-12
owner string 7-12
rising threshold 7-12
adding entry 7-10
configuring 7-9
data source 7-11
deleting entry 7-14
delta value 7-11
displaying entry 7-13
falling
alarm 7-12
Index viii
RMON (continued)
alarm group (continued)
falling (continued)
event index 7-12
threshold 7-12
object ID 7-11
rising
alarm 7-11
event index 7-12
threshold 7-12
sampling
interval 7-10
type 7-11
startup alarm 7-11
benefits of 7-2
event group
adding entry 7-16
configuring 7-15
deleting entry 7-19
displaying entry 7-17
entry log 7-18
event
community string 7-17
description 7-16
logging 7-16
trap 7-16
type 7-16
groups
alarm, definition B-2
event, definition B-3
history, definition B-2
statistics B-1
supported B-1
history group
add
owner string 7-5
sampling interval 7-5
adding entry 7-4
configuring 7-4
data source 7-5
deleting entry 7-8
displaying entry 7-6
RMON (continued)
history group (continued)
granted buckets 7-6
interface 7-6
requested buckets 7-5
sampling interval 7-7
static entry, displaying 7-7
management workstation 7-2
overview 7-2
parameters, configuring 7-3
probe 7-2
RPSU 6000. See redundant power supply
RS-232 cable 2-11
rubber feet, installing 2-6
runtime. See software
RXAlignErrors 6-6
RXBcasts 6-6
RXCRC errors 6-6
RXFragments 6-7
RXJabbers 6-7
RXMcasts 6-6
RXOversize 6-7
RXUndersize 6-7
S
sampling
interval, RMON 7-7
type, alarm group, RMON 7-11
SC connector 2-8
server, boot, viewing 5-14
settings, default, resetting to 5-34
Simple Network Management protocol. See SNMP
SNMP
community strings, viewing 5-17
group, MIB II B-5
management, overview 1-4
software
upgrading 5-15
management, submenus 5-4
spanning tree
bridge max age 5-29
configuration, Bridge MIB B-6
default setting 1-9
disabling
all ports 5-30
single port 5-30
enabling
all ports 5-30
single port 5-30
parameters
bridge forward delay, viewing 5-29
bridge hello time, viewing 5-29
bridge max age, viewing 5-29
switch id, viewing 5-29
viewing 5-28
specifications
C-1
current rating 2-2
frequency range 2-2
humidity 2-2
temperature 2-2
voltage 2-2
speed, switching 1-5
SQEErrors 6-8
standards compliance C-2
startup alarm, RMON 7-11
statistics, counters
description 6-6
GoodRXFrames 6-6
GoodRXOctets 6-6
GoodTXFrames 6-8
GoodTXOctets 6-8
MTXCollision 6-8
NetOctets 6-8
Pkt1024-1518 6-7
Pkt128-255 6-7
Pkt256-511 6-7
Pkt512-1023 6-7
Pkt64 6-7
Pkt65-127 6-7
RMON group B-1
RXAlignErrors 6-6
Index ix
statistics, counters (continued)
RXBcasts 6-6
RXCRC errors 6-6
RXFragments 6-7
RXJabbers 6-7
RXMcasts 6-6
RXOversize 6-7
RXUndersize 6-7
SQEErrors 6-8
STXCollision 6-8
viewing 6-4
statistics menu, description 5-35
stop bits 2-11
store-and-forward switching mode 1-6
straight-through cable 2-7
STXCollision 6-8
submenus
accessing 5-4
exiting 5-4
subnet mask
changing 5-12
viewing 5-11
support, technical xii
switch
contact information
changing 5-10
viewing 5-9
default gateway address
changing 5-12
viewing 5-11
ID, spanning tree, viewing 5-29
IP address
changing 5-12
viewing 5-11
location information
changing 5-10
viewing 5-9
name information
changing 5-10
viewing 5-9
resetting 5-35
Index x
switch (continued)
subnet mask
changing 5-12
viewing 5-11
switching
capacity 1-5
mode 1-6
system
group, MIB II B-3
administration information,
configuring 5-9,
5-10
T
TCP
connection table, MIB II B-5
group, MIB II B-5
TCP/IP parameters, default 5-11
technical
specifications
connectors C-1
current rating 2-2, C-2
depth C-1
dimensions C-1
environmental C-2
frequency range 2-2, C-2
height C-1
humidity 2-2, C-2
LEDs C-1
MAC address table size C-1
management platforms supported
mounting options C-2
power C-2
redundant power supply C-2
spanning tree support C-1
standards compliance C-2
temperature C-2
voltage 2-2, C-2
weight C-2
width C-1
support, contacting xii
C-1
telnet
connection 4-6
idle time-out, setting 5-32
temperature 2-2, C-2
terminal
emulator 4-6
settings 2-11
bits per second 2-11
data bits 2-11
flow control 2-11
parity 2-11
stop bits 2-11
tftp 5-14, 6-3
threshold
falling, RMON 7-12
rising, RMON 7-12
tools and materials needed 1-8
trap
authentication, viewing 5-17
enabling 5-18
receivers
adding 5-18
deleting 5-19
viewing 5-17
status of, viewing 5-17
tree, management menu D-1
troubleshooting A-2
cable connections A-1, A-2
devices A-2
diagnostic LEDs 3-4
equipment A-1
LEDs A-1
overview A-1
ports, overloading A-1
power A-1
upgrading software 5-15
utilization LED
description 3-3
troubleshooting A-1
UTP. See unshielded twisted pair
V
voltage range
2-2, C-2
W
weight C-2
width C-1
World Wide Web browsers,
for management
write community string
changing 5-17
viewing 5-17
1-4
U
UDP
group, MIB II B-5
listener table, MIB II B-5
unshielded twisted pair (UTP) 2-7
Index xi