User guide | Asante Technologies XAV101 Network Card User Manual

XAV101 Powerline AV
Ethernet Adapter User
Guide
NETGEAR, Inc.
4500 Great America Parkway
Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA
202-10339-01
April 2008
© 2008 by NETGEAR, Inc. All rights reserved.
Technical Support
See the support information card that shipped with your product. By registering your product at http://www.netgear.com/
register, we can provide you with faster expert technical support and timely notices of product and software upgrades.
NETGEAR, INC. Support Information
Phone: 1-888-NETGEAR, for US & Canada only. For other countries, see your Support information card.
E-mail: support@netgear.com
website: http://www.netgear.com/support
Trademarks
NETGEAR and the NETGEAR logo are registered trademarks, and RangeMax and Smart Wizard are trademarks of
NETGEAR. Inc. in the United States and/or other countries. Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are registered
trademarks and Windows Vista is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Other brand and product names are registered
trademarks or trademarks of their respective holders. Information is subject to change without notice.
Statement of Conditions
In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, NETGEAR reserves the right to
make changes to the products described in this document without notice. NETGEAR does not assume any liability that
may occur due to the use or application of the product(s) or circuit layout(s) described herein.
Maximum Wireless Signal Rate Derived from IEEE Standard 802.11 Specifications
Actual data throughput will vary. Network conditions and environmental factors, including volume of network traffic,
building materials and construction, and network overhead, lower actual data throughput rate.
Safety Instructions
Use the following safety guidelines to ensure your own personal safety and to help protect your system from potential
damage.
To reduce the risk of bodily injury, electrical shock, fire, and damage to the equipment, observe the following
precautions.
•
•
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Observe and follow service markings.
- Do not service any product except as explained in your system documentation.
- Opening or removing covers that are marked with the triangular symbol with a lightning bolt may expose you to
electrical shock. Only a trained service technician should service components inside these compartments.
If any of the following conditions occur, unplug the product from the electrical outlet and replace the part or contact
your trained service provider:
- The power cable, extension cable, or plug is damaged.
- An object has fallen into the product.
- The product has been exposed to water.
- The product has been dropped or damaged.
- The product does not operate correctly when you follow the operating instructions.
Keep your system away from radiators and heat sources. Also, do not block cooling vents.
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•
•
•
•
•
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Do not spill food or liquids on your system components, and never operate the product in a wet environment. If the
system gets wet, see the appropriate section in your troubleshooting guide or contact your trained service provider.
Do not push any objects into the openings of your system. Doing so can cause fire or electric shock by shorting out
interior components.
Use the product only with approved equipment.
Allow the product to cool before removing covers or touching internal components.
Operate the product only from the type of external power source indicated on the electrical ratings label. If you are
not sure of the type of power source required, consult your service provider or local power company.
To help avoid damaging your system, be sure that the voltage selection switch (if provided) on the power supply is
set to match the power available at your location:
- 115 volts (V), 60 hertz (Hz) in most of North and South America and some Far Eastern countries such as South
Korea and Taiwan
- 100 V, 50 Hz in eastern Japan and 100 V, 60 Hz in western Japan
- 230 V, 50 Hz in most of Europe, the Middle East, and the Far East
Also, be sure that attached devices are electrically rated to operate with the power available in your location.
Use only approved power cables. If you have not been provided with a power cable for your system or for any AC
powered option intended for your system, purchase a power cable that is approved for use in your country. The
power cable must be rated for the product and for the voltage and current marked on the product’s electrical ratings
label. The voltage and current rating of the cable should be greater than the ratings marked on the product.
To help prevent electric shock, plug the system and peripheral power cables into properly grounded electrical
outlets.
The peripheral power cables are equipped with three-prong plugs to help ensure proper grounding. Do not use
adapter plugs or remove the grounding prong from a cable. If you must use an extension cable, use a three-wire cable
with properly grounded plugs.
Observe extension cable and power strip ratings. Make sure that the total ampere rating of all products plugged into
the extension cable or power strip does not exceed 80 percent of the ampere ratings limit for the extension cable or
power strip.
To help protect your system from sudden, transient increases and decreases in electrical power, use a surge
suppressor, line conditioner, or uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
Position system cables and power cables carefully; route cables so that they cannot be stepped on or tripped over. Be
sure that nothing rests on any cables.
Do not modify power cables or plugs. Consult a licensed electrician or your power company for site modifications.
Always follow your local and national wiring rules.
Move products with care; ensure that all casters and stabilizers are firmly connected to the system. Avoid sudden
stops and uneven surfaces.
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Safety and Regulatory Notices
FCC Statement
The XAV101 has been tested and complies with the specifications for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used according to the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which is found by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by
one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separation between the equipment or devices
Connect the equipment to an outlet other than the receiver’s
Consult a dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for assistance
Canadian Department of Communications Industry Canada (IC) Notice
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à
la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Europe – EU Declaration of Conformity
A printed copy of the EU Declaration of Conformity certificate for this product is provided in the XAV101 product
package.
Product and Publication Details
Model Number:
XAV101
Publication Date:
April 2008
Product Family:
Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter
Product Name:
Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter XAV101
Home or Business Product:
Home
Language:
English
Publication Part Number:
202-10339-01
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Contents
XAV101 Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter User Guide
About This Manual
Conventions, Formats, and Scope ..................................................................................... i
How to Use This Manual ................................................................................................... ii
How to Print This Manual .................................................................................................. ii
Chapter 1
Installation and Basic Configuration
Package Contents ..........................................................................................................1-1
How the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter Fits in Your Network .......................................1-2
Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter ......................................................................................1-3
The Label on the Rear Panel of the XAV101 ..................................................................1-4
Preparing to Install Your Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter ...............................................1-4
Connecting a Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter to the Router ..........................................1-5
Understanding Powerline Network Security ...................................................................1-6
Using the Security Button to Change the Encryption Key in Your Network .............1-7
Chapter 2
Using the XAV101 Configuration Utility
Installing the XAV101 Configuration Utility (Recommended) ..........................................2-1
Main Tab .........................................................................................................................2-3
Firmware Upgrade ...................................................................................................2-4
Resetting to Factory Defaults ...................................................................................2-5
Changing the Network Encryption Key ...........................................................................2-7
Adding a Device to a Powerline Network .......................................................................2-8
Adding a Device from a Locally Connected Computer ............................................2-8
Adding a Device from a Remotely Connected Computer ........................................2-9
Prioritizing Traffic on the Powerline Network ................................................................ 2-11
Prioritizing by General Application Type ................................................................ 2-11
Diagnostics Tab ............................................................................................................2-13
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Uninstalling the XAV101 Configuration Utility ...............................................................2-14
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Product Registration, Support, and Documentation .......................................................3-1
Basic Functioning ...........................................................................................................3-1
Troubleshooting Tips ......................................................................................................3-2
Problems After Changing Network Encryption Key ........................................................3-2
Changing the Network Encryption Key for 1 Unit at a Time .....................................3-3
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
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About This Manual
The NETGEAR® XAV101 Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter User Guide describes how to install,
configure and troubleshoot the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter XAV101. The information in this
manual is intended for readers with intermediate computer and Internet skills.
Conventions, Formats, and Scope
The conventions, formats, and scope of this manual are described in the following paragraphs:
•
•
Typographical Conventions. This manual uses the following typographical conventions:
Italic
Emphasis, books, CDs
Bold
User input, IP addresses, GUI screen text
italic
URL links
Formats. This manual uses the following formats to highlight special messages:
Note: This format is used to highlight information of importance or special interest.
Tip: This format is used to highlight a procedure that will save time or resources.
Warning: Ignoring this type of note may result in a malfunction or damage to the
equipment.
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XAV101 Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter User Guide
•
Scope. This manual is written for the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter according to these
specifications:
Product Version
Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter XAV101
Manual Publication Date
April 2008
Note: Product updates are available on the NETGEAR, Inc. website at
http://www.netgear.com/support.
How to Use This Manual
The HTML version of this manual includes the following:
•
Buttons,
at a time.
and
, for browsing forward or backward through the manual one page
•
A
button that displays the table of contents and a
button that displays an index.
Double-click a link in the table of contents or index to navigate directly to where the topic is
described in the manual.
•
A
model.
•
Links to PDF versions of the full manual and individual chapters.
button to access the full NETGEAR, Inc. online knowledge base for the product
How to Print This Manual
To print this manual, you can choose one of the following options, according to your needs.
•
Printing a page from HTML. Each page in the HTML version of the manual is dedicated to
a major topic. Select File > Print from the browser menu to print the page contents.
•
Printing from PDF. Your computer must have the free Adobe Acrobat reader installed in
order to view and print PDF files. The Acrobat reader is available on the Adobe Web site at
http://www.adobe.com.
– Printing a PDF chapter. Use the PDF of This Chapter link at the top left corner of any
page.
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–
•
Click the PDF of This Chapter link at the top left corner of any page in the chapter
you want to print. The PDF version of the chapter you were viewing opens in a
browser window.
•
Click the print icon in the upper left of your browser window.
Printing a PDF version of the complete manual. Use the Complete PDF Manual link
at the top left corner of any page.
•
Click the Complete PDF Manual link at the top left corner of any page in the manual.
The PDF version of the complete manual opens in a browser window.
•
Click the print icon in the upper left corner of your browser window.
Tip: If your printer supports printing two pages on a single sheet of paper, you can
save paper and printer ink by selecting this feature.
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Chapter 1
Installation and Basic Configuration
This chapter describes the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter XAV101 and explains how to install it
and to use the Security button to customize the encryption. For information about using the
XAV101 configuration utility to configure Powerline security or to prioritize Powerline network
traffic with Quality of Service (QoS) features, see Chapter 2, “Using the XAV101 Configuration
Utility.
Package Contents
The product package should contain the following items:
• NETGEAR Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter XAV101
• Installation Guide
• An Ethernet cable
• Resource CD, including:
– The XAV101 Configuration Utility
– This manual
• Warranty and Support information card
If any of the parts are incorrect, missing, or damaged, contact your NETGEAR dealer. Keep the
carton, including the original packing materials, in case you need to return the Powerline AV
Ethernet Adapter for repair.
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How the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter Fits in Your Network
You can use Powerline AV Ethernet Adapters to extend your Ethernet network anywhere in your
house using your existing electrical power line. The following figure shows an example of a
Powerline network with two Powerline devices. The Powerline network connects to an Ethernet
network:
Internet
Router
XAV101
Ethernet network
Notebook PC
Powerline network
(always encrypted)
XAV101
Ethernet network
Desktop PC
Figure 1-1
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XAV101 Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter User Guide
Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter
The following illustration shows the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter front and side panels:
Security
button
Power
light
Reset
button
Powerline
light
Ethernet
light
Ethernet
port
Figure 1-2
The following table describes the buttons, status lights, and port.
Table 1-1.
Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter Description
Item
Description
Power Light
• Solid green. The electrical power is on.
• Blinking green. The adapter is setting itself up after the reset or Security button
was pressed.
• Off. There is no electrical power.
Powerline Light
• Solid. The adapter is connected to a Powerline network.
• Blinking. The adapter is sending or receiving data.
• Off. The adapter has not found any other compatible Powerline devices using the
same Powerline network encryption key.
The color indicates the speed of the Powerline link:
• Green. The link is faster than 80 Mbps.
• Orange. The link is 50 Mbps to 80 Mbps.
• Red. The link is less than 50 Mbps.
Ethernet Light
• Solid green. The Ethernet port is linked, but there is no activity.
• Blinking green. There is traffic between an Ethernet port and the Powerline
network.
• Off. There is no Ethernet connection.
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Table 1-1.
Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter Description (continued)
Item
Description (continued)
Security button
Configure security (see “Using the Security Button to Change the Encryption Key in
Your Network” on page 1-7).
Reset button
To reset, use a sharp object such as a pen or a paper clip to briefly press this button
(for 2 seconds). The adapter automatically returns to factory default settings, and
then restarts.
Note: Pressing the reset button longer than recommended might interfere with
resetting the adapter.
10/100 Ethernet port Use this port to connect the adapter to a router, computer, or other peripheral device.
The Label on the Rear Panel of the XAV101
The label on the rear panel of the XAV101 contains the items listed below.
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Model number
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MAC address
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Serial number
•
Device password (PWD)
Preparing to Install Your Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter
To prepare for installation:
1. Before you begin, verify the following:
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Your Ethernet network is set up, and an Ethernet port is available on your router.
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Your Internet connection is working.
•
Each computer that will use the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter has an Ethernet port
available and is configured to work on your network. Usually, the default configuration
settings (TCP/IP and DHCP) are fine.
2. Familiarize yourself with the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter. The front panel has three lights:
Power, Powerline, and Ethernet. The side panel has a Security button, a Reset button, and an
Ethernet port.
3. Plan the location of your Powerline devices:
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•
Do not connect the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter to a power strip, extension cord, or
surge protector as this might prevent it from working correctly, or degrade the network
performance.
•
Use an electrical outlet that is not controlled by a wall switch to avoid someone
unknowingly turning off the power to the outlet.
•
Using the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter plugged into an electrical outlet that is located
near an appliance that uses a lot of power, such as a washer or dryer, might prevent the
adapter from working correctly, or degrade the network performance.
Connecting a Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter to the Router
Follow these steps:
1. Plug a Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter into a power outlet near your router. Use the blue
Ethernet cable from the XAV101 package to connect it to a LAN port on the router so that the
Powerline network can gain access to the Internet.
It is not necessary to disconnect your router from your computer.
Powerline AV
Ethernet Adapter
Supplied Ethernet
cable
Figure 1-3
The Power and Ethernet lights on the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter should turn on.
2. Plug your other Powerline AV Ethernet Adapters into power outlets near the computers and
peripherals to be included in your Powerline network.
3. Use the blue Ethernet cable from the XAV101 package to connect each Powerline AV Ethernet
Adapter to an Ethernet port on a computer or peripheral.
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4. Wait up to 80 seconds for each Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter to be recognized by the
Powerline network.
The Power, Ethernet, and Powerline lights should turn on. For details about how the lights
work, see Table 1-1 on page 1-3.
5. Make sure that each computer connected to a Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter can use the
Powerline network. For example, access the Internet from a remote computer. If there is a
problem, see “Basic Functioning” on page 3-1.
NETGEAR recommends that you secure your Powerline network from unauthorized access. This
is especially relevant in settings like apartment buildings. See the following section,
“Understanding Powerline Network Security.
Understanding Powerline Network Security
Powerline devices on the same network must use an identical encryption key. The Powerline AV
Ethernet Adapter default encrypted password is HomePlugAV. If you do not set up security,
anyone nearby with a Powerline network can use this to gain access to your network. Use the
Security button on the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter to change the Powerline encryption key.
Note: If you need to return the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter to its factory default
settings, use the Reset button or the NETGEAR XAV101 Configuration Utility on
your Resource CD.
Encryption of the information you send over the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter helps keep it
secure. This is especially relevant in settings like apartment buildings.
A Powerline network consists of Powerline adapters with the same network encryption key. The
security used by Powerline AV Ethernet Adapters is similar to the SSID and encryption keys used
in wireless networks, but you do not need software to configure your Powerline AV Ethernet
Adapters.
There are two ways to secure your Powerline network.
•
Use the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter Security buttons to automatically generate an
encryption keys. See the following section, “Using the Security Button to Change the
Encryption Key in Your Network.”
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•
Use the XAV101 Configuration Utility, on your Resource CD, to configure your Powerline
network with a network encryption key that you specify. If you are already using HomePlug
devices then you might need to use this utility. See Chapter 2, “Using the XAV101
Configuration Utility.
Using the Security Button to Change the Encryption Key in Your
Network
Follow these steps:
1. Verify that all the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapters to be configured are plugged in.
2. Generate the new key:
a. For each Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter, press its Security button for more than 10
seconds.
This generates a new, randomly generated network encryption key for each Powerline AV
Ethernet Adapter. At this point, the adapters cannot communicate with each other.
b. Push the button on one adapter for 2 seconds, then push the button on the second adapter
for 2 seconds.
Both buttons must be pushed within 2 minutes.
This securely configures your Powerline network with the same network encryption key.
The adapters retain security settings even if they are unplugged.
3. To add more adapters into your network:
a. Push the button on the new adapter for 2 seconds, then push the button on any adapter in
your existing network for 2 seconds.
Both buttons must be pushed within 2 minutes.
b. Repeat the previous step (3.a.) for any additional adapters you are adding.
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Chapter 2
Using the XAV101 Configuration Utility
This chapter explains how to use the XAV101 Configuration Utility. You can use this utility to
configure encryption for your Powerline network and to use quality of service (QoS) features to
prioritize Powerline network traffic.
Installing the XAV101 Configuration Utility (Recommended)
This utility provides you with the option of setting your own unique encryption Powerline network
encryption key, and prioritizing traffic passing through the Powerline network.
To install the XAV101 Configuration Utility:
1. Insert the Resource CD into a CD drive on the computer that is connected to your router1. The
CD automatically starts and displays the following screen:
Figure 2-1
1. All devices on a Powerline network can be managed from one computer. If you add another Powerline AV
Ethernet Adapter to a Powerline network, you can install the Powerline configuration utility on the computer
connected locally to the new adapter, or open the utility on the computer originally used to set up the Powerline
network encryption key. You can use any computer to manage the network, but this procedure assumes that you
are working from the computer that is connected to your router.
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If the CD does not start automatically:
•
Go to My Computer on the Windows Start menu, and double-click the drive that
represents the location of the Resource CD or
•
Select the CD drive, and click the Autorun.exe executable file.
2. Click Install Software to display the Welcome screen:
Figure 2-2
3. Click Next, and follow the wizard prompts. When the wizard is done, the following screen
displays:
Figure 2-3
4. Click Finish. The XAV101 Configuration Utility icon appears on your desktop.
To use the XAV101 Configuration Utility, double-click the icon.
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XAV101 Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter User Guide
Main Tab
You can start the XAV101 Configuration Utility by clicking the XAV101 icon on your desktop, or
from the Windows Program menu. The XAV101 Configuration Utility displays its Main tab:
4
Figure 2-4
The following table describes the features in the Main Tab.
Table 2-1. Configuration Utility Main Tab
Field or Button
Description
Powerline Devices
This shows whether the utility is currently scanning for Powerline devices, or the
number of Powerline devices detected, after the scan has completed.
Network Type
The type of network for the local Powerline device. The default setting is Public.
Device Name
The device name is initially set by the utility.
MAC Address
The MAC address for the Powerline device. This is also on the product label,
which might not be visible when the device is plugged in.
Location
This column shows whether the device is local or remote. The local device is the
one connected with an Ethernet cable to the computer that you are using to run
this utility.
Using the XAV101 Configuration Utility
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Table 2-1. Configuration Utility Main Tab (continued)
Field or Button
Description
Quality
This indicates the type of traffic that can be handled smoothly: HD Video, DVD
Video, or Data.
• HD Video. The device can handle high-definition video traffic smoothly. This
status will be shown if the transmit and receive link speed is greater than
80 Mbps.
• DVD Video. The transmit and receive link speed is greater than 50 Mbps.
• Data. The device cannot handle video data smoothly. This status will be shown
if the transmit or receive link speed is less than 50 Mbps.
Link Rate (Mbps)
The link rate for each Powerline device.
LED Status
The LEDs are enabled by default.
Firmware Version
The firmware version for each Powerline device.
Rename button
Change a device name.
Factory Reset button
Reset a device to its factory defaults. See “Resetting to Factory Defaults” on
page 2-5.
Firmware Upgrade button Manually apply a firmware upgrade. See “Firmware Upgrade.”
LED On/Off button
Enable or disable the LEDS for a Powerline device.
Scan button
Scan the network for Powerline devices.
Firmware Upgrade
If new firmware is available, you can download new firmware and install it as follows:
1. Go to the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter XAV101 support page at http://www.netgear.com/
support. If you see a recent firmware image to download, follow the download instructions on
the support site, and note where you save the downloaded file on your computer. If the file you
downloaded is a .zip file, extract the encapsulated firmware file and note its name and location
on your computer.
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2. On the XAV101 Configuration Utility Main tab, click the device name for a remote Powerline
device to highlight it, then click Firmware Upgrade. The following screen is displayed:
Figure 2-5
3. Click the Browse button, and locate the firmware file that you saved on your computer. The
file has an extension of .bin.
4. Select the downloaded firmware file, and then click Upgrade.
Warning: Do not try to go online, shut down the computer, or either disconnect or
unplug Powerline AV Ethernet Adapters, until the firmware upgrade
finishes!
5. Repeat the previous steps to remotely upgrade firmware for all Powerline AV Ethernet
Adapters in your network.
Resetting to Factory Defaults
This option returns the network encryption key to its default value of HomePlugAV. Only one
device at a time can be reset.
Note: If you customized your network encryption key, the local Powerline device will be
disconnected from the network when you reset it to the factory default. To avoid
this problem, reset all remote devices before you reset the local device.
Using the XAV101 Configuration Utility
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To reset all the devices in your network to the factory defaults:
1. On the Main tab, click the device name for a remote Powerline device to highlight it.
Figure 2-6
2. Click Factory Reset, and a confirmation message displays.
3. Click OK to reset the device. A message indicates whether or not the operation succeeded.
4. After you have reset each device, check that the Main tab lists all devices in the network.
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Changing the Network Encryption Key
You can specify the network encryption key from the Security tab:
Figure 2-7
1. To change the encryption key for a remote device, you must enter the password for the device.
The password is printed on the product label.
2. Click the device name for a remote Powerline device to highlight it in blue.
3. Click Enter Password, and the following message displays:
Figure 2-8
The device password is on the product label.
4. Enter the device password, and then click OK.
Using the XAV101 Configuration Utility
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5. Select the check box next to the Device Name column.
6. Type the network encryption key into the Apply the Encryption Key setting field, and click
Set Selected Devices.
7. Select the Main tab, and click Scan. Check that the devices in the Powerline network appear in
the device list. It may take a minute or two for all devices in the network to be detected.
Adding a Device to a Powerline Network
If you are adding a device to a Powerline network, and the network encryption key has been left at
its default setting, all you need to do is plug the new device into a power outlet.
If the network encryption key has been customized:
•
You can use the Security button to add the new device to your network (see “Using the
Security Button to Change the Encryption Key in Your Network” on page 1-7).
•
You can use the XAV101 Configuration Utility to add the new device to the network, as
described in the following sections.
The procedure for setting the network encryption key depends on whether the computer running
the XAV101 Configuration Utility is connected directly to the new Powerline AV Ethernet
Adapter (local) or is connected to a different device in the Powerline network (remote).
Adding a Device from a Locally Connected Computer
Follow these steps:
1. Plug the new Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter into an available AC power outlet. Connect the
Ethernet cable that came with the adapter to the adapter’s Ethernet port and an Ethernet port
on the computer.
2. Start the XAV101 Configuration Utility, which displays its Main tab. Wait for the utility to
detect the new device.
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3. Click the Security tab.
Figure 2-9
4. Select the check box next to the Device Name column, for the device marked as Local in the
Location column.
5. Type the network encryption key into the Apply the Encryption Key setting field, and click
Set Selected Devices.
6. Select the Main tab, and click Scan. Check that the devices in the Powerline network appear in
the device list. It may take a minute or two for all devices in the network to be detected.
Adding a Device from a Remotely Connected Computer
If you are using a custom network encryption key, first, set all the devices to the default network
encryption key of HomePlugAV so that they can communicate with each other. Then set all the
devices to the network encryption key that you want to use.
Returning to the Default Network Encryption Key
Follow these steps:
1. Plug the new device into an AC power outlet.
Using the XAV101 Configuration Utility
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2. Start the XAV101 Configuration Utility and wait for the utility to detect the devices in your
Powerline network. Check that all the devices in the established network are displayed on the
Main tab.
Note: Before you can reset a remote device, you must enter its password. The
password is printed on the product label.
3. On the Security tab, select each check box next to the Device Name column to select every
device.
4. Click Use Default (Public Network). The Apply the Encryption Key setting field changes
to the default, HomePlugAV.
5. Click Set Selected Devices.
Setting Up Your Custom Network Encryption Key
When all the devices are set to the default network encryption key and are plugged in, they are
listed on the Main tab. Follow these steps to set up a custom network encryption key for all the
Powerline devices:
1. On the Main tab, click Scan. Wait for the new device to be listed. The new device can be
identified by its MAC address.
Note: Before you can change the encryption key for a remote device, you must enter
its password. The password is printed on the product label.
2. On the Security tab, select each check box next to the Device Name column to select every
device.
3. Type your network encryption key in the Apply the Encryption Key setting field.
4. Click Set Selected Devices.
The utility displays a message indicating that the operation was successful.
5. Select the Main tab, and then click Scan. Check that all devices are detected with your
network encryption key.
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Prioritizing Traffic on the Powerline Network
By default, all types of traffic on the Powerline network are assigned the same priority. For most
applications, this works fine. However, there are situations where performance improves if you
assign a higher priority to certain types of traffic, such as multimedia files.
Prioritizing by General Application Type
If your network traffic is a mix of multimedia and document/database traffic you might want to
give priority to a particular traffic type. If it is important that your multimedia playback is smooth,
even while document files are being transferred over the network, then give priority to multimedia
traffic. Conversely, if it is more important for your network to be responsive to database
applications, give priority to this type of application over multimedia applications.
The Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter supports the following:
• MAC address
• IP port
• VLAN tags
• ToS (Type of Service routing)
To set the priority of data transfers by the type of protocol:
1. Start the XAV101 Configuration Utility and wait for the utility to detect the Powerline AV
Ethernet Adapters connected to the network.
Using the XAV101 Configuration Utility
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2. Select the QoS (Quality of Service) tab.
Figure 2-10
Note: QoS settings are applied to only the device that is selected on the QoS tab.
3. Specify the priority in the Configure Advanced QoS Settings section of the screen:
4. To set the traffic prioritization rule into the selected Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter device,
click Apply.
These options only apply to QoS-configured business networks. IEEE 802.1p uses prioritization
bits in Layer-2 frames. Type of Service routing (ToS) uses prioritization bits in Layer-3 IP packets.
The deprecated ToS values range from 0 to 7.
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Diagnostics Tab
The Diagnostics tab shows system information and a device history table:
Figure 2-11
You can delete a device from the device history, save a report, or print a report.
Using the XAV101 Configuration Utility
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Uninstalling the XAV101 Configuration Utility
To uninstall the XAV101 Configuration Utility:
1. Insert the Resource CD into a CD drive on the computer where you installed the utility. The
CD automatically starts and display the following screen:
Figure 2-12
2. Click Install Software.
The Resource CD software detects the configuration utility.
3. When prompted, select Yes to remove the utility from your computer. The following screen
displays:
Figure 2-13
4. Click Finish.
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Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
This chapter gives information about troubleshooting your Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter
XAV101.
Product Registration, Support, and Documentation
Register your product at http://www.netgear.com/register. Registration is required before you can
use our telephone support service.
Product updates and Web support are always available by going to:
http://www.netgear.com/support.
When the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter is connected to the Internet, click the Knowledge Base
or the Documentation link under the Web Support menu to view support information or the
documentation for the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter.
Basic Functioning
After you turn on power to the XAV101 devices, the following sequence of events should occur:
1. When power is first applied, verify that the Power light is on.
2. After approximately 10 seconds, verify that:
a. The power light is solid green.
b. The Powerline LED is lit.
c. The Ethernet light on the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter lights or blinks.
If any of these conditions does not occur, refer to the appropriate following section.
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Troubleshooting Tips
The following table lists problems and recommendations.
Problem
Recommendation
Power light is off.
Make sure that power is supplied to the electrical outlet, and the Powerline
device is not plugged into an extension cord, power strip, or surge protector.
Powerline light is off.
The devices cannot find each other. Make sure that the Powerline devices are
plugged into outlets with power, and that they use the same network encryption
key.
• If you did not change the network encryption key, move the Powerline device
to a closer location.
• If the problem occurred after you changed the network encryption key using
the XAV101 Configuration Utility on the CD, press the Reset button to return
the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapters to their default settings. If this fixes the
problem, see the User Manual for instructions about setting the network
encryption key.
Ethernet light is not
blinking.
There is no data traffic. Make sure that:
• Your router and modem are switched on and that the Ethernet cable that came
in the box is connected to the Powerline adapter port and a router LAN port.
• The PC connected directly to the router can access the Internet.
Problem using the reset
or Security button.
The reset and Security buttons are located on the side panel of the Powerline
AV Ethernet Adapter.
• Pressing the reset button longer than 2 seconds will not reset the device.
• Pressing the Security button longer than 2 seconds will not activate security.
Problems After Changing Network Encryption Key
If your Powerline devices stopped communicating after you used the NETGEAR XAV101
Configuration Utility to change the network encryption key, proceed as follows:
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1. Open the XAV101 Configuration Utility and select the Security tab.
Figure 3-1
2. Select the local device.
3. For each remote device, enter its password (printed on the product label), and then select it.
4. Click the Use Default (Public Network) button, and then click the Set Selected Devices
button.
5. Select the Main tab, and check that the utility detects all the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapters
in your Powerline network.
If the utility detects all your Powerline devices, you can specify a new network encryption key as
described in “Changing the Network Encryption Key” in Chapter 2. If the utility does not detect
them all, see the following section, “Changing the Network Encryption Key for 1 Unit at a Time.
Changing the Network Encryption Key for 1 Unit at a Time
If the utility does not detect all the devices, you must connect your computer to each Powerline
device and set up the network encryption key one at a time, as follows:
1. Select the Security tab in the XAV101 Configuration Utility.
2. Type the network encryption key that you want to assign in the Apply the Encryption Key
setting field, and then click Set Selected Devices.
3. Select the Main tab, and then click Scan. Check that the utility detects all the devices that have
been individually set to the same network encryption key.
Troubleshooting
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Appendix A
Technical Specifications
This appendix provides technical specifications for the Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter XAV101.
Network Protocol and Standards Compatibility
Data and Routing Protocols:
IEEE 802.3 (10BASE-T), IEEE 802.3u (100BASE-Tx)
Power
Power Consumption:
4W
Physical Specifications
Dimensions:
Height: 98 mm
Width: 72 mm
Depth: 40 mm
Weight:
0.4 lbs (0.18 kg)
Environmental Specifications
Operating temperature:
0° to 40° C
(32º to 104º F)
Operating humidity:
10-90% maximum relative humidity, noncondensing
Storage humidity
5-95% maximum relative humidity, noncondensing
Security
Encryption type:
128-bit AES
Bridge Performance
MAC addresses:
64
Bandwidth
200 Mbps
Powerline Performance
Compatibility:
Not HomePlug v1.0 or HomePlug v1.0 Turbo compatible
Data Transfer Rate:
Up to 200 Mbps with real throughput greater than 80 Mbps
Frequency band:
2-30 Mbps
Modulation type:
OFDM symbol modulation
Electromagnetic Emissions
Technical Specifications
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XAV101 Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter User Guide
Meets requirements of:
FCC Part 15 Class B; CE-EMC Class B; 3-home FCC Certificate
Safety Agency Approvals
Meets requirements of:
UL Listed (UL 1950) /cUL IEC950; CE LVD; TUV CB
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