Asus A7V266-EX Personal Computer User Manual

®
A7V266-EX
JumperFree™ DDR DRAM
266MHz FSB AGP Pro/4X
Socket A Motherboard
USER’S MANUAL
USER'S NOTICE
No part of this manual, including the products and software described in it, may be reproduced,
transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language in any form or
by any means, except documentation kept by the purchaser for backup purposes, without the express
written permission of ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. (“ASUS”).
ASUS PROVIDES THIS MANUAL “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OR CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN
NO EVENT SHALL ASUS, ITS DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES OR AGENTS BE LIABLE
FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF BUSINESS, LOSS OF USE OR
DATA, INTERRUPTION OF BUSINESS AND THE LIKE), EVEN IF ASUS HAS BEEN ADVISED
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES ARISING FROM ANY DEFECT OR ERROR IN
THIS MANUAL OR PRODUCT.
Product warranty or service will not be extended if: (1) the product is repaired, modified or altered,
unless such repair, modification of alteration is authorized in writing by ASUS; or (2) the serial
number of the product is defaced or missing.
Products and corporate names appearing in this manual may or may not be registered trademarks or
copyrights of their respective companies, and are used only for identification or explanation and to
the owners’ benefit, without intent to infringe.
• Intel and Pentium are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.
• VIA is a registered trademark of VIA Technologies, Inc.
• 3Com is a registered trademark of 3Com Corporation.
• C-Media is a registered trademark of C-Media Electronics Inc.
• Windows and MS-DOS are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
• Adobe and Acrobat are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
• Trend and ChipAwayVirus are trademarks of Trend Micro, Inc.
• Symbios is a registered trademark of Symbios Logic Corporation.
The product name and revision number are both printed on the product itself. Manual revisions are
released for each product design represented by the digit before and after the period of the manual
revision number. Manual updates are represented by the third digit in the manual revision number.
For previous or updated manuals, BIOS, drivers, or product release information, contact ASUS at
http://www.asus.com.tw or through any of the means indicated on the following page.
SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL ARE FURNISHED
FOR INFORMATIONAL USE ONLY, AND ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AT ANY TIME
WITHOUT NOTICE, AND SHOULD NOT BE CONSTRUED AS A COMMITMENT BY ASUS.
ASUS ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS OR
INACCURACIES THAT MAY APPEAR IN THIS MANUAL, INCLUDING THE PRODUCTS AND
SOFTWARE DESCRIBED IN IT.
Copyright © 2002 ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. All Rights Reserved.
Product Name:
ASUS A7V266-EX
Manual Revision: 1.00 E935
Release Date:
January 2002
2
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
ASUS CONTACT INFORMATION
ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. (Asia-Pacific)
Marketing
Address:
Telephone:
Fax:
Email:
150 Li-Te Road, Peitou, Taipei, Taiwan 112
+886-2-2894-3447
+886-2-2894-3449
info@asus.com.tw
Technical Support
MB/Others (Tel): +886-2-2890-7121 (English)
Notebook (Tel):
+886-2-2890-7122 (English)
Desktop/Server (Tel):+886-2-2890-7123 (English)
Fax:
+886-2-2890-7698
Email:
tsd@asus.com.tw
WWW:
www.asus.com.tw
FTP:
ftp.asus.com.tw/pub/ASUS
ASUS COMPUTER INTERNATIONAL (America)
Marketing
Address:
Fax:
Email:
6737 Mowry Avenue, Mowry Business Center, Building 2
Newark, CA 94560, USA
+1-510-608-4555
tmd1@asus.com
Technical Support
Fax:
Email:
WWW:
FTP:
+1-510-608-4555
tsd@asus.com
www.asus.com
ftp.asus.com/Pub/ASUS
ASUS COMPUTER GmbH (Europe)
Marketing
Address:
Fax:
Email:
Harkortstr. 25, 40880 Ratingen, BRD, Germany
+49-2102-442066
sales@asuscom.de (for marketing requests only)
Technical Support
Hotline:
Fax:
Support (Email):
WWW:
FTP:
MB/Others: +49-2102-9599-0 Notebook: +49-2102-9599-10
+49-2102-9599-11
www.asuscom.de/de/support (for online support)
www.asuscom.de
ftp.asuscom.de/pub/ASUSCOM
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3
CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................. 7
1.1 How This Manual Is Organized ................................................... 7
1.2 Item Checklist .............................................................................. 7
2. FEATURES ........................................................................................ 8
2.1 ASUS A7V266-EX Motherboard ................................................ 8
2.1.1 Specifications ..................................................................... 8
2.1.2 Connections ........................................................................ 9
2.1.2 Performance ...................................................................... 10
2.1.3 Intelligence ....................................................................... 11
2.2 Motherboard Components.......................................................... 12
2.2.1 Component Locations ....................................................... 13
3. HARDWARE SETUP ...................................................................... 14
3.1 Motherboard Layout .................................................................. 14
3.2 Layout Contents ......................................................................... 15
3.3 Hardware Setup Procedure ......................................................... 17
3.4 Motherboard Settings ................................................................. 17
3.5 System Memory ......................................................................... 25
3.5.1 DDR DIMM Support ........................................................ 25
3.5.2 Memory Installation ......................................................... 26
3.5.3 General DIMM Memo ...................................................... 26
3.6 Central Processing Unit (CPU) .................................................. 27
3.7 Expansion Cards ........................................................................ 28
3.7.1 Installing an Expansion Card ........................................... 28
3.7.2 Assigning IRQs for Expansion Cards .............................. 29
3.7.3 Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Pro Slot ...................... 30
3.7.4 Advanced Communication Riser (ACR) Slot .................. 30
3.8 Connectors ................................................................................ 31
4. BIOS SETUP ..................................................................................... 43
4.1 Managing and Updating Your BIOS .......................................... 43
4.1.1 Upon First Use of the Computer System .......................... 43
4.1.2 Updating BIOS Procedures .............................................. 45
4.2 BIOS Setup Program .................................................................. 47
4.2.1 BIOS Menu Bar ................................................................ 48
4.2.2 Legend Bar ....................................................................... 48
4.3 Main Menu ................................................................................. 50
4.3.1 Primary & Secondary Master/Slave ................................. 51
4
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
CONTENTS
4.3.2 Keyboard Features ............................................................ 54
4.4 Advanced Menu ......................................................................... 56
4.4.1 Chip Configuration ........................................................... 60
4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration ................................................. 63
4.4.3 PCI Configuration ............................................................ 65
4.5 Power Menu ............................................................................... 67
4.5.1 Power Up Control ............................................................. 69
4.5.2 Hardware Monitor ............................................................ 71
4.6 Boot Menu ................................................................................. 72
4.7 Exit Menu ................................................................................... 74
5. SOFTWARE SETUP ....................................................................... 77
5.1 Install Operating System ............................................................ 77
5.2 Start Windows ............................................................................ 77
5.3 A7V266-EX Motherboard Support CD ..................................... 78
5.4 Using the Promise Chip for RAID 0 or 1 ................................... 80
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE ........................................................... 89
6.1 Winbond Smart Manager ........................................................... 89
6.2 ASUS PC Probe ......................................................................... 93
6.3 Multi-Channel Audio Feature Setup ........................................... 98
6.4 ASUS Live Update ................................................................... 100
6.5 3Deep Color Tuner ................................................................... 101
6.6 CyberLink PowerPlayer SE ..................................................... 103
6.7 CyberLink VideoLive Mail ...................................................... 104
7. APPENDIX ..................................................................................... 107
7.1 Modem Riser ............................................................................ 107
7.1.1 56K Software Modem .................................................... 107
7.1.2 Primary/Seconday MR ................................................... 107
7.1.3 Hardware Installation Procedure .................................... 107
7.1.4 Software Setup in Windows 98 ...................................... 108
7.2 Glossary ................................................................................... 109
INDEX ................................................................................................. 113
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
5
FCC & DOC COMPLIANCE
Federal Communications Commission Statement
This device complies with FCC Rules Part 15. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
•
•
This device may not cause harmful interference, and
This device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with manufacturer's instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined
by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING! Any changes or modifications to this product not expressly approved
by the manufacturer could void any assurances of safety or performance and
could result in violation of Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Reprinted from the Code of Federal Regulations #47, part 15.193, 1993. Washington DC: Office of the
Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office.
Canadian Department of Communications Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions
from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
6
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
1. INTRODUCTION
1. INTRODUCTION
Manual / Checklist
1.1 How This Manual Is Organized
This manual is divided into the following sections:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
INTRODUCTION
FEATURES
HARDWARE SETUP
BIOS SETUP
SOFTWARE SETUP
SOFTWARE REFERENCE
APPENDIX
Manual information and checklist
Production information and specifications
Instructions on setting up the motherboard.
Instructions on setting up the BIOS
Instructions on setting up the included software
Reference material for the included software
Optional items and general reference
1.2 Item Checklist
Check that your package is complete. If you discover damaged or missing items,
contact your retailer.
Package Contents
Optional Items
(1) ASUS Motherboard
ASUS IrDA-compliant infrared
module
(1) 40-pin 80-conductor ribbon
cable for internal
UltraDMA100/66//33 IDE
drives
(1) Ribbon cable for two 3.5”
floppy disk drives
(1) ASUS Support CD with drivers
and utilities
(1) Bag of spare jumper caps
(1) ASUS 2-port USB Connector
Set
(1) User’s Manual
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
7
2. FEATURES
2.1 ASUS A7V266-EX Motherboard
The ASUS A7V266-EX motherboard is the perfect answer for home PCs,
workstations and servers. The A7V266-EX is powered by the AMD® Athlon™/
Duron™ processor and is bundled with advanced features to provide superlative
performance.
2.1.1 Specifications
2. FEATURES
Specifications
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8
AMD® Athlon™/ Athlon XP™ and Duron™ Processor Support
North Bridge System Chipset: Features the VIA® KT266A North Bridge that
supports AGP 4X/2X mode, 133/100MHz Front Side Bus (FSB), and
266/200MHz memory bus.
South Bridge System Chipset: VIA® VT8233A integrated peripheral controller
supports UltraDMA133/100/66/33 for burst mode data transfer rates of up to
133MB/sec, and USB controller with two root hubs for four USB ports.
PC2100 / PC1600 DDR Support: Equipped with three Double Data Rate Dual
Inline Memory Module (DDR DIMM) sockets to support up to 3GB of DDR
DRAM. DDR DRAM is the newest memory standard with the highest bandwidth
and lowest latency currently available. DDR dramatically improves the memory
system’s ability to service, among others, high multimedia requirements. (Caution:
Do not attempt to use SDRAM modules.)
JumperFree™ Mode: Make processor settings to overclock frequency and
Vcore voltage through BIOS. Easy-to-use DIP switches come with the
motherboard board for manual adjustment of processor frequencies.
UltraDMA/133 Support: Comes with an onboard PCI Bus Master IDE controller
with two connectors that support four IDE devices on two channels. Supports
UltraDMA133/100/66/33, PIO Modes 3 & 4, Bus Master IDE DMA Mode 2,
and Enhanced IDE devices:DVDs, CD-R/RW, LS-120, and Tape Backup drives.
Super Multi-I/O: The multi-I/O chipset offers complete support for a variety of
I/O functions. Provides two high-speed UART compatible serial ports and one
parallel port with EPP and ECP capabilities. UART2 can also be directed from
COM2 to the Infrared Module for wireless connections. The Super I/O controller
also supports a floppy disk drive, PS/2 keyboard, and PS/2 mouse.
Optional Promise® chip: The Promise IDE controller chip supports the ATA133 protocol and Ultra DMA/133 data transfer speeds. The chip also delivers
reliable redundancy and stable performance for RAID levels 0 or 1. Data
“striping,” RAID 0, improves speed performance as I/O tasks are spread between
two hard disk drives. Data “mirroring,” RAID 1, improves system fault tolerance
by optimizing two identical hard disks to write data to each other.
C.O.P. Thermal Protection: With AMD® Athlon XP™ installed, the motherboard
offers users ASUS C.O.P. automatic CPU Overheating Protection to prolong the
life of the entire system. If the CPU temperature becomes excessive, the PC
shuts down automatically.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
•
Smart BIOS: 2Mb firmware enables Vcore and CPU/DDR SDRAM frequency
adjustments, boot block write protection, and HD/SCSI/MO/ZIP/CD/Floppy boot
selection.
2.1.2 Connections
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CPU socket: Socket A (462) for AMD® processors.
PCI Expansion Slots: Provides five 32-bit Legacy Free PCI slots, (PCI 2.2
compliant) with no ISA, eliminating bottlenecks and system memory
management issues. All PCI slots can support Bus Master PCI cards, such as
SCSI or LAN cards. (PCI supports up to 133MB/s maximum throughput.) The
MB supports Concurrent PCI, which allows multiple PCI transfers from PCI
master bus to the memory and processor.
IDE connectors: Dual-channel bus master IDE connectors support up to four
Ultra DMA133/100/66, PIO Modes 3 & 4 IDE devices like two HDDs, one
DVD and an R/W CD.
AGP Pro Slot: Comes with an Accelerated Graphics Port Pro slot that
supports AGP cards for high performance, component level interconnect
targeted at 3D graphical applications using a 4X mode bus. The slot is keyed to
support only the latest 1.5 volt AGP cards.
Floppy disk connector: Supports the floppy disk drive.
Wake-On-LAN: Supports Wake-On-LAN activity through an optional ASUS
PCI-L101 10 /100 Fast Ethernet PCI card.
Wake-On-Ring: Supports Wake-On-Ring activity through a PCI modem card.
Smartcard Reader Connector: Supports a PS/SC compatible Smart Card
USB ports: Two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports are available for connecting
USB devices such as a mouse and PDA.
Serial ports: Two 9-pin COM1/COM2 ports are for all serial devices.
IrDA: Supports an optional infrared port module for a wireless interface.
Microphone: Pink jack connects a microphone (or 6 channel speaker).
Line In: Light blue jack connects a tape player (or 6 channel speaker).
Line Out: Lime jack connects a headphone, a speaker (or 6 channel speaker).
Game/MIDI connector. This connector supports a joystick or a game pad for
playing games, and MIDI devices for playing or editing audio files.
Parallel port: 25-pin port connects a parallel printer or other devices.
PS/2 mouse port: Green 6-pin connector is for a PS/2 mouse.
PS/2 keyboard port: Purple 6-pin connector is for a PS/2 keyboard.
Onboard LED: Signals AC power is okay.
ATX power connector. Supplies the MB with ATX 12V power. The power
supply must have at least 1A on the +5V standby lead (+5VSB).
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
Specifications
•
•
9
2. FEATURES
2.1.2 Performance
•
•
2. FEATURES
Performance
•
•
•
•
•
10
DDR DRAM Optimized Performance: This motherboard supports a new
generation memory, Double Data Rate (DDR) Dynamic Random Access Memory
(DDR DRAM). This new memory technology increases performance by
executing two actions per clock cycle, resulting in data transfer rates of up to 2.1
GB/s for 133MHz DDR SDRAM and 1.6GB/s for 100MHz DDR SDRAM.
Onboard Audio: Audio models come with the six-channel C-Media CMI8738
PCI audio controller that supplies HRTF 3D positional audio functions. The
chip supports software access to PC DVD 5.1/6.1 and AC-3/DTS via SPDIF.
Other integrative featues include: full DVD playback, PCtel 56K modem, and
even Karaoke echo effects. The chip offers 24-bit SPDIF digital recording and
playback with additional support for legacy audio SBPRO™ and FM emulator/
DLS wavetable music synthesis. A software package helps setup the multichannel PC sound system.
ACPI Ready: Advanced Configuration Power Interface (ACPI) provides more
Energy Saving Features for operating systems that support OS Direct Power
Management (OSPM) functionality. With these features employed in the OS,
PCs can be ready around the clock but comply with energy saving standards. To
fully utilize the ACPI benefits, use an ACPI-supported OS such as Windows 98.
Smartcard Reader Connector: This connector that provides the convenience
of PS/SC compatible Smart Card security plus support for a multitude of new
financial, telephonic, and mobile access services.
PC’99 Compliant: Both the BIOS and hardware levels of ASUS smart series
motherboards are PC’99 compliant. The new PC’99 requirements for systems
and components are based on the following high-level goals: Support for Plugn-Play compatibility and power management for configuring and managing all
system components, and 32-bit device drivers and installation procedures for
Windows95/98/NT . Color-coded connectors and descriptive icons make
identification easy as required by PC’99.
High-Speed Data Transfer Interface: Support for UltraDMA/133 through the
onboard IDE bus master controller quadruples the UltraDMA/33 burst transfer
rate. UltraDMA/133 is backward compatible with DMA100/66/33, and other
existing DMA devices to save the need to upgrade current EIDE/IDE drives.
(UltraDMA/66 requires a 40-pin 80-conductor cable).
Concurrent PCI: Concurrent PCI allows multiple PCI transfers from PCI master
busses to the memory and processor.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
2.1.3 Intelligence
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Auto Fan Off: The system fans powers off automatically even in sleep mode.
This function reduces both energy consumption and system noise, and is an
important feature in implementing silent PC systems.
Dual Function Power Button: Pushing the power button for less than 4 seconds
when the system is in the working state places the system into one of two states:
sleep mode or soft-off mode, depending on the BIOS or OS setting (See PWR
Button < 4 Secs in 4.5 Power Menu). When the power button is pressed for
more than 4 seconds, the system enters the soft-off mode regardless of the BIOS
setting.
Fan Status Monitoring and Alarm: To prevent system overheat and system
damage, the CPU and system fans can be monitored for RPM and failure. All
fans are set for its normal RPM range and alarm thresholds.
Power LED (requires ACPI OS support): The power LED indicates the system
status.
Remote Ring-On (requires modem): This allows a computer to be turned on
remotely through an internal or external modem. With this benefit on-hand, users
can access vital information from their computers anywhere.
Temperature Monitoring and Alert: CPU temperature is monitored by the
ASUS ASIC through the CPU’s internal thermal diode (on Pentium III and
Celeron) to prevent system overheat and system damage.
Voltage Monitoring and Alert: System voltage levels are monitored to ensure
stable voltage to critical motherboard components. Voltage specifications are
more critical for future processors, so monitoring is necessary to ensure proper
system configuration and management.
Chassis Intrusion Detection: Supports chassis-intrusion monitoring through
the ASUS ASIC. A chassis intrusion event is kept in memory on battery power
for more protection.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
Intelligence
•
11
2. FEATURES
2.2 Motherboard Components
See opposite page for locations.
Location
Processor Support Socket A for AMD® Athlon™ XP and Duron™ Processors ........ 2
Feature Setting DIP Switches ................................................... 8
2. FEATURES
M/B Components
Chipsets VIA® KT266A North Bridge .................................................... 1
VIA® VT8233A South Bridge ................................................ 13
Promise IDE / RAID controller ................................................ 7
ASUS System Monitor controller ............................................ 9
Multi-I/O controller ................................................................ 22
2Mbit Programmable Flash EEPROM ................................... 21
Main Memory Maximum 3GB support
3 DDR DIMM Sockets ............................................................. 3
Expansion Slots 5 PCI Slots .............................................................................. 19
1 Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Pro/4X Slot ................... 24
1 Advanced Communication Riser ......................................... 16
System I/O 1 Floppy Disk Drive Connector ............................................. 14
2 IDE Connectors (ATA-133 / Promise RAID Support) .......... 5
2 IDE Connectors (ATA-133 Support) ..................................... 6
1 Panel Connector .................................................................. 10
1 Afpanel Connector ............................................................... 11
1 Infrared Connector .............................................................. 12
1 Smart Card Connector ......................................................... 20
1 Parallel Port ......................................................................... 26
2 Serial Ports (COM1/COM2) .............................................. 31
USB Connectors (Port 0 & Port 1) ....................................... 32
USB Headers (Ports 2/3) ........................................................ 15
1 PS/2 Mouse Connector (Green) ......................................... 25
1 PS/2 Keyboard Connector (Purple) .................................... 33
Hardware Monitoring System Voltage Monitoring (integrated in ASUS ASIC) ......... 9
Special Feature Onboard LED ......................................................................... 23
Audio Features (Audio models only)
CMI8738 6-Channel Audio Controller ................................... 17
1 ASUS iPanel Audio Connector ............................................ 18
1 Game/MIDI Port ................................................................. 27
1 Line Out Connector (Lime) ................................................. 30
1 Line In Connector (Light blue) .......................................... 29
1 Microphone Connector (Pink) ............................................ 28
Internal Audio Connectors
Power ATX Power Supply Connector ................................................. 4
Form Factor ATX
12
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
2.2.1 Component Locations
2
3
4 5 6
2. FEATURES
Motherboard Parts
1
24
7
8
23
22
21
20
19
18
9
17
10
16
15 14
25
33
13
26
32
31
30
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
12 11
27
29
28
13
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.1 Motherboard Layout
24.5cm (9.64in)
PS/2
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
KBWK
USB01_PWR
T: Mouse
B: Keyboard
OVER2
OVER1
Primary IDE
PWR_FAN
PR0MISE IDE1
4 5
PR0MISE IDE2
0 1 2 3
Chipset
CPU_FAN
Mic
In
NB_FAN
PROMISE
IDE
Controller
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP Pro)
DSW
LED
PCI 1
Super
I/O
SYSCLK
VIA
PCI 2
2Mb
BIOS
AUX
CR2032 3V
Lithium Cell
CMOS Power
CD
PCI 4
CMI8738 6CH
Audio Controller
C-Media
LINE_IN
Chipset
JTPWR
CLR_RTC
FLOPPY
ACRUSB2
ACRUSB1
SPDIF_C
PCI 5
SMB_CON
USB2_3
(Grayed components are optional.)
14
CHA_FAN
ASUS
ASIC
with Hardware
Monitor
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
JEN
BUZZER
CHASSIS
CHA
USB23_PWR
ACR
RAID_EN
R
PCI 3
BACK_LT
BACK_RT
MODEM
BCS1
BCS2
A7V266-EX
SMARTCARD
IPANEL
VT8233A
IDELED
IR_CON
AFPANEL
PANEL
30.5cm (12.0in)
Line
In
Secondary IDE
VIA
VT8366
ATX Power Connector
Line
Out
DDR DIMM3 (64/72 bit, 184-pin module)
PARALLEL PORT
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Layout
COM2
DDR DIMM2 (64/72 bit, 184-pin module)
Socket 462
COM1
DDR DIMM1 (64/72 bit, 184-pin module)
USB1
USB2
GAME_AUDIO
THERMTRIP
3. HARDWARE SETUP
Motherboard Settings
1) JEN
2) DIP_SW
3) DSW
4) VID1, 2, 3, 4
5) BCS
6) KBWK
7) ACRUSB1, ACRUSB2
8) USB01, 23_PWR
9) RAID_EN
10) CLR_RTC
11) THEMCPU
p. 18
p. 19
p. 20
p. 21
p. 21
p. 22
p. 22
p. 23
p. 23
p. 24
p. 24
JumperFree Mode Setting (Disable / Enable)
CPU External Frequency Selection (Switches 1–4)
Manual CPU Ratio Settings (Switches 1-5)
Voltage Regulator Output Volt. Setting (1.675V-1.85 V)
Bass Center Setting (Center/Bass, Bass/Center)
Keyboard Power Up (Enable / Disable)
ACR/USB Selection (USB to Conn. / USB on ACR)
Two USB Device Wake-ups (+5V / +5VSB)
IDE Channel Setting (ATA133 or RAID 1/0) (Optional)
Clear RTC RAM (2 pin contact)
Thermal Sensor CPU Setting (Athlon-Duron / Reserved)
Expansion Slots/Sockets
1) DIMM 1/2/3
2) Socket 462
3) PCI 1/2/3/4/5
4) AGP Pro
5) ACR Slot
p. 25
p. 27
p. 28
p. 30
p. 30
System Memory Support
CPU Support
32-bit PCI Bus Expansion Slots
Accelerated Graphics Port Slot
Advanced Communication Riser Slot
Connectors
1) PS2KBMS
2) PS2KBMS
3) USB
4) PRINTER
5) COM1/COM2
6) GAME_AUDIO
7) AUDIO
8) IDELED
9) FLOPPY
10) PRIMARY / SEC. IDE
11) CPU/PWR/CHA_FAN
12) USB2_3
13) IR_CON
14) AFPANEL
15) ATXPWR
p. 31
p. 31
p. 32
p. 32
p. 32
p. 33
p. 33
p. 34
p. 34
p. 35
p. 36
p. 36
p. 37
p. 37
p. 38
PS/2 Mouse Port (6 pin female)
PS/2 Keyboard Port (6 pin female)
Universal Serial Bus Ports 1 & 2 (Two 4 pin female)
Parallel Port (25 pin female)
Serial Ports (9 pin /10-1 pin male)
Game/MIDI Port (15-pin female) (optional)
Audio Connectors (Three 1/8” AUDIO) (optional)
IDE Activity LED (2 pin)
Floppy Disk Drive Connector (34 pin)
IDE Connectors (Two 40-1 pin)
CPU, Power, and Chassis Fan Connectors (Three 3 pin)
USB Header (10-1 pin)
Standard Infrared Module Connector (10-1 pin)
ASUS iPanel Connector (12-1 pin)
ATX Power Supply Connector (20 pin)
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. H/W SETUP
Layout Contents
3.2 Layout Contents
15
3. HARDWARE SETUP
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
SMB
CD/AUX/MODEM
JTPWR
SPDIFOUT / CDSPDIFIN
CHASSIS
IPANEL
SMARTCON
BACK_LT/BACK_RT
PWR.LED (PANEL)
KEYLOCK (PANEL)
SPEAKER (PANEL)
MSG.LED (PANEL)
SMI (PANEL)
PWR.SW (PANEL)
RESET (PANEL)
p. 38
p. 39
p. 39
p. 40
p. 40
p. 41
p. 41
p. 42
p. 43
p. 43
p. 43
p. 43
p. 43
p. 43
p. 43
SMBus Connector (5-1 pin)
Internal Audio Connectors (Three 4-1 pin) (optional)
Power Supply Thermal Sensor Connector (2 pin)
Digital audio Interfaces (2 pin) (optional)
Chassis Intrusion Lead (2 pin)
ASUS iPanel Audio Connector (10-1 pin)
ASUS SmartCard Connector (14-1 pin)
ASUS Internal Line Out Connector (14-1 pin)
System Power LED Lead (3 pin)
System Keyboard Lock Switch Lead (2 pin)
System Warning Speaker Lead (4 pin)
System Message LED Lead (2 pin)
System Management Interrupt Lead (2 pin)
ATX / Soft-Off Switch Lead (2 pin)
Reset Switch Lead (2 pin)
3. H/W SETUP
Layout Contents
16
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.3 Hardware Setup Procedure
Complete the following steps before using your computer:
1. Check motherboard settings
2. Install memory modules
3. Install the Central Processing Unit (CPU)
4. Install Expansion Cards
5. Connect ribbon cables, panel wires, and power supply cables
6. Configure the BIOS parameter settings
3.4 Motherboard Settings
This section tells you how to change motherboard function settings through the
switches and/or jumpers.
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
WARNING! Computer motherboards and expansion cards contain very delicate
Integrated Circuit (IC) chips. To avoid damaging them due to static electricity,
follow these precautions whenever you work on your computer.
1. Unplug the computer when working on the internal components.
2. Use a grounded wrist strap or touch a safely grounded object or to a metal
object, such as the power supply case, before handling computer components.
3. Hold components by the edges and try not to touch the IC chips on them.
4. Whenever you uninstall any component, place the components on a grounded
antistatic pad or in the bag that came with the components.
5. Before you install or remove any component, ensure that the ATX power
supply is switched off or the power cord is detached from the power
supply. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to the motherboard,
peripherals, and/or components.
(TIP: When lit, the onboard LED indicates that the system is in suspend or
soft-off mode, not powered OFF. See illustration below.)
LED
A7V266-EX
R
ON
Standby
Power
OFF
Powered
Off
A7V266-EX Onboard LED
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
17
3. HARDWARE SETUP
Motherboard Frequency Settings (DIP Switches)
The motherboard frequency is adjusted through the DIP switches. The white block
represents the switch’s position. The illustration below shows all the switches in the
OFF position.
SYSCLK
ON
1 2 3 4
ON
OFF
1.Frequency Selection
2.Frequency Selection
3.Frequency Selection
4.Frequency Selection
A7V266-EX
R
A7V266-EX DIP Switch
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
1) JumperFree™ Mode (JEN)
This jumper allows you to enable or disable the JumperFree™ mode. The
JumperFree™ mode allows processor settings to be made through the BIOS
setup (see 4.4 Advanced Menu).
Setting
Enable (JumperFree)
Disable (Jumper Mode)
JEN
[2-3] (default)
[1-2]
JEN
SYSCLK
ON
1 2 3 4
ON
OFF
A7V266-EX
1 2
R
Jumper Mode
A7V266-EX Jumper Mode Setting
2 3
Jumper Free
(Default)
NOTE: By default for JumperFree™ mode all SYSCLK switches are set: OFF.
18
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
2) CPU External Frequency Selection (DIP_SW Switches 1–4)
This option tells the clock generator what frequency to send to the CPU, DRAM,
and the PCI bus. This allows the selection of the CPU’s External frequency (or
BUS Clock). The BUS Clock multiplied by the Frequency Multiple equals the
CPU’s Internal frequency (the advertised CPU speed).
SYSCLK
ON
1 2 3 4
ON
1 2 3 4
ON
1 2 3 4
ON
1 2 3 4
A7V266-EX
R
133.33MHz 140MHz
66.67MHz 70MHz
33.33MHz 35MHz
(JumperFree Mode)
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
CPU 100MHz
AGP 60.67MHz
PCI 33.33MHz
A7V266-EX CPU External
Frequency Selection
WARNING! Set the CPU frequency only to the recommended settings. Frequencies
other than the recommended CPU bus frequencies are not guaranteed to be stable.
Overclocking the processor is not recommended. It may result in a slower speed.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
19
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3) Voltage Over Setting (OVER1, OVER2)
This jumper opens or closes the circuit to control the use of voltage increases to
enhance CPU performance. The default setting, [2-3] disables the use of “overvoltage” increases. Switch the jumper cap to [1-2] before attempting changes
with the VID jumpers. NOTE: It is not recommended to use this feature unless
confident that the CPU will not be damaged.
OVER2
OVER1
2 3
1 2
OVER Voltage
ENABLE
A7V266-EX
R
OVER Voltage
DISABLE
(Default)
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
A7V266-EX OVER Voltage Selection
4) Voltage Regulator Output Setting (VID1, VID2, VID3, VID4)
This jumpers allow you to manually adjust the CPU core voltage. It is
recommended to use CPU Default as the CPU core voltage. CPU Default, all
jumpers [2-3], means the Vcore is generated according to the CPU VID
configuration. For each jumper setting, there are two voltage options,
depending on the CPU used.
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1 2 3
1.85/1.825Volts
A7V266-EX
R
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1 2 3
1.75/1.725Volts
1 2 3
1.8/1.775Volts
1 2 3
1.7/1.675Volts
A7V266-EX CPU Core Voltage
Selection
20
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
5) Bass Center Setting (CENTER/BASS, BASS/CENTER)
Use these jumpers in conjunction with the C-Media PCI Audio Driver and to
adjust output for 4 or 6 speaker audio. No audio standard exists for the three
pick-up surfaces on male audio jacks, therefore it may be necessary to switch
jumpers from the default position, Center/Bass [1-2] to Bass/Center [2-3] in
order to help reroute signals among the internal leads in the Line-In, Line-Out,
Mic female sockets. Make a test is made using the C-Media Audio Driver
software setup available on the Support CD.
1 2
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
BCS1
BCS2
2 3
A7V266-EX
R
A7V266-EX Bass Center
Setting
type 1 Bass
(CENTER/BASS)
(Default)
type 2 Bass
(BASS/CENTER)
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
21
3. HARDWARE SETUP
6) Keyboard Wake Up (KBWK)
This allows you to disable or enable the keyboard power up function. Set this
jumper to Enable if you wish to use your keyboard (by pressing <Spacebar>) to
power up your computer. This feature requires an ATX power supply that can
supply at least 300mA on the +5VSB lead. The default is set to Enable. (The
computer will not power ON if you set this to Enable but do not have the correct
ATX power supply. NOTE: This jumper must be set in conjunction with Wake
On PS2 KB/PS2 Mouse/CIR in 4.5.1 Power Up Control.
Setting
Enable
Disable
KBWK
[1-2] (default)
[2-3]
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
KBWK
1 2
2 3
Enable
(Default)
Disable
A7V266-EX
R
A7V266-EX Keyboard Wake Up
7) ACR/USB Selection (ACRUSB1, ACRUSB2) (audio models only)
When set to pins 1-2, these jumpers allow you to activate USB port 3. Setting
the jumpers to pins 2-3 activates the Advanced Communication Riser (ACR)
slot. The default setting for both jumpers is 1-2. (NOTE: The USB port 2 is
always active regardless of the setting of these jumpers.)
IMPORTANT! Always set both jumpers accordingly when selecting a device.
ACRUSB2
ACRUSB1
1 2
A7V266-EX
2 3
R
A7V266-EX USB/ACR Selection
22
USB to Conn.
(Default)
USB on ACR
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
8) USB Device Wake-up (USB01_PWR/USB23_PWR/USB45_PWR)
Set these jumpers to +5V to allow wake up from the S1 sleep state (CPU stopped;
RAM refreshed; system running in low power mode) using the connected USB
devices. Set to +5VSB to allow wake up from S3 sleep state (no power to CPU;
RAM in slow refresh; power supply in reduced power mode). The default setting
for the three jumpers is 1-2 to select +5V (because not all computers have the
appropriate power supply).
NOTES:
1. This feature requires an ATX power supply that can supply at least 2A on
the +5VSB lead when these jumpers are set to +5VSB. Otherwise, the
system does not power up.
2. The total current consumed must NOT exceed the power supply capability
(+5VSB) whether under normal working conditions or in sleep mode.
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
USB01_PWR
1 2
2 3
+5V
(Default)
+5VSB
USB23_PWR
A7V266-EX
2 3
1 2
R
+5V
(Default)
+5VSB
A7V266-EX USB Device Wake Up
9) Promise RAID Controller (RAID_EN) (Optional)
These jumpers enable the Promise RAID controller functions. The default setting,
[1-2] enables the Promise RAID controller for RAID0/1. Resetting the jumper
caps to [2-3] overrides the Promise controller. The IDE controller always
functions at ATA-133 for hard disk drives whether or not the RAID controller is
activated or not.
RAID_EN
1
2
A7V266-EX
R
Enable
2
3
Disable
(Default)
A7V266-EX ATA133/RAIDO Selection
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
23
3. HARDWARE SETUP
10) Clear RTC RAM (2-pin CLR_RTC)
This jumper allows you to clear the Real Time Clock (RTC) RAM in CMOS.
You can clear the CMOS memory of date, time, and system setup parameters by
erasing the CMOS RTC RAM data. The RAM data in CMOS, that include system
setup information such as system passwords, is powered by the onboard button
cell battery.
To erase the RTC RAM:
1.
Turn OFF the computer and unplug the power cord.
2.
Remove the battery.
3.
Short the jumper by removing and replacing the jumper cap.
4.
Re-install the battery.
5.
Plug the power cord and turn ON the computer.
6.
Hold down the <Del> key during the boot process and enter BIOS setup
to re-enter data.
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
CR2032 3V
Lithium Cell
CMOS Power
CLR_RTC
A7V266-EX
R
Remove and then
replace the jumper cap.
A7V266-EX Clear RTC RAM
11) Thermal Sensor CPU Setting (2-pin THERMTRIP)
This jumper selects the type of CPU and coordinates its thermal sensory capability.
The default setting, [2-3] for Palimino/Reserve type processors, and [1-2] is for
Athlon/Duron processors.
THERMTRIP
1 2
ATHLON/DURON
2 3
PALOMINO
(Default)
A7V266-EX
R
A7V266-EX THERMTRIP Setting
24
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.5 System Memory
This motherboard uses only Double Data Rate (DDR) Synchronous Dynamic
Random Access Memory (SDRAM) Dual Inline Memory Modules (DIMMs).
3.5.1 DDR DIMM Support
DIMMs come in combinations of single or double-sided types ranging through 64MB,
128MB, 256MB, 512MB and 1GB to form a total memory size of 64MB to 3GB.
Each DIMM socket/module is two-sided: each side comprises one “row” of memory.
~ Three (3) sockets are available for 266MHz-PC2100 / 200MHzPC1600 unbuffered DDR DIMMs: to form a memory size of 64MB to 3GB.
NOTE: The DDR memory bus runs at the same frequency as the CPU front side bus.
DIMM Location
184-pin DDR DIMM
Socket 1 (Rows 0&1)
64MB, 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB
x1
Socket 2 (Rows 2&3)
64MB, 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB
x1
Socket 3 (Rows 4&5)
64MB, 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB
x1
Total System Memory (Max 3GB)
=
3. H/W SETUP
System Memory
Install memory in any combination as follows:
Total Memory
104 Pins
A7V266-EX
R
80 Pins
A7V266-EX 184-Pin DDR
DIMM Sockets
WARNING! Be sure that the DIMMs you use can handle the specified DDR
RAM MHz or else bootup will not be possible.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
25
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.5.2 Memory Installation
WARNING! Make sure that you unplug your power supply when adding or
removing memory modules or other system components. Failure to do so may
cause severe damage to both your motherboard and expansion cards
Insert the module(s) as shown. Because the number of pins are different on either
side of the breaks, the module will only fit in the orientation shown. A 184-pin DDR
SDRAM DIMM has a single notch slightly to the right of center. This motherboard
supports three pairs of differential clock signals per DIMM.
3. H/W SETUP
System Memory
Installing a DIMM:
1. Unlock a DIMM socket by pressing the retaining clips outward.
2. Align a DIMM on the socket such that the notches on the DIMM exactly
match the notches in the socket.
3. Firmly insert the DIMM into the socket until the retaining clips snap back in
place.
Unlocked Retaining Clip
Locked Retaining Clip
3.5.3 General DIMM Memo
•
•
•
•
26
DIMMs that have more than 18 chips are not supported on this motherboard.
For the system CPU bus to operate at 200MHz/266MHz, use only PC1600-/
PC2100-compliant DIMMs.
ASUS motherboards support SPD (Serial Presence Detect) DIMMs. This is the
memory of choice for best performance vs. stability.
Single-sided DDR DIMMs come in 64, 128, and 256MB; double-sided come in
128, 256, and 512MB.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.6 Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The motherboard provides a Socket 462 or Socket A for CPU installation. A fan and
heatsink should be attached to the CPU to prevent overheating. Purchase and install
a fan and heatsink before turning on the system.
CPU NOTCH
TO INNER
CORNER
LOCK
LEVER
A7V266-EX
R
AMD™ CPU
CPU NOTCH
A7V266-EX Socket A
3. H/W SETUP
System Memory
1. Locate the Socket 462 and open it by pulling
the lever gently sideways away from the socket.
Then lift the lever upwards. The socket lever
must be fully opened (90 to 100 degrees).
2. Insert the CPU with the correct orientation. The
notched corner of the CPU must be oriented
toward the inner corner of the socket base
nearest to the lever hinge.
CAUTION! The CPU fits in one orientation
and should drop easily into place. Do not force
the CPU into the socket to avoid bending the
pins. If the CPU does not fit, check its
alignment and look for bent pins.
3. Once completely inserted, press the CPU firmly and close the socket lever until it
snaps into its locked position.
4. Place the CPU fan and heatsink on the CPU. The heatsink should entirely cover
the CPU. Carefully attach the heatsink locking brace to the plastic clips on the
socket base. With the added weight of the CPU fan and heatsink locking brace,
no extra force is required to keep the CPU in place.
CAUTION! Take care not to scrape the motherboard surface when mounting a
clamp-style processor fan, or else damage may occur. When mounting a heatsink
onto your CPU, make sure that exposed CPU capacitors do not touch the
heatsink, or else damage may occur! Refer to heatsink/CPU documentation.
NOTE! Do not forget to set the correct Bus Frequency and Multiple (available
only on unlocked processors) to avoid start-up problems.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
27
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.7 Expansion Cards
In the future, you may need to install expansion cards. The motherboard has five
PCI expansion slots to support these cards. Follow the steps in the next section
when installing expansion cards.
WARNING! Unplug the system power cord when adding or removing expansion
cards or other system components. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to
both the motherboard and expansion cards.
3.7.1 Installing an Expansion Card
3. H/W SETUP
CPU Installation
1. Read the documentation that comes with the expansion card and make any
necessary hardware settings for the card before installing it.
2. Remove the system unit cover and the bracket plate on the slot you intend to use.
Keep the screw for later use.
3. Align the card connectors with the slot and press firmly until the card fits in
place.
4. Secure the card to the slot with the screw you removed earlier.
5. Replace the system cover.
6. Change the necessary BIOS settings, if any.
(see section 4.4.3 PCI Configuration to change the settings.)
7. Install the necessary software drivers for the expansion card.
28
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.7.2 Assigning IRQs for Expansion Cards
Some expansion cards need an IRQ to operate. Generally, an IRQ must be exclusively
assigned to one use. In a standard design, there are 16 IRQs available but most of
them are already in use, leaving 6 IRQs free for expansion cards. If your motherboard
has PCI audio onboard, an additional IRQ will be used. If your motherboard also
has MIDI enabled, another IRQ will be used, leaving 4 IRQs free.
IMPORTANT: If using PCI cards on shared slots, make sure that the drivers support
“Share IRQ” or that the cards do not need IRQ assignments. Conflicts arise between
the two PCI groups that will make the system unstable or cards inoperable.
The following table lists the default IRQ assignments for standard PC devices. Use
this table when configuring your system and for resolving IRQ conflicts.
Standard Interrupt Assignments
Priority
1
2
N/A
11
12
13
14
15
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Standard Function
System Timer
Keyboard Controller
Programmable Interrupt
Communications Port (COM2)
Communications Port (COM1)
Sound Card (sometimes LPT2)
Floppy Disk Controller
Printer Port (LPT1)
System CMOS/Real Time Clock
ACPI Mode when used
IRQ Holder for PCI Steering
IRQ Holder for PCI Steering
PS/2 Compatible Mouse Port
Numeric Data Processor
Primary IDE Channel
Secondary IDE Channel
3. H/W SETUP
Expansion Cards
IRQ
0
1
2
3*
4*
5*
6
7*
8
9*
10*
11*
12*
13
14*
15*
*These IRQs are usually available for ISA or PCI devices.
Interrupt Request Table for this Motherboard
PCI slot 1
PCI slot 2
PCI slot 3
PCI slot 4
PCI slot 5
AGPPro slot
ACR slot
Onboard audio controller
Onboard USB controller
Onboard IDE controller
INT-A
—
shared
—
—
—
shared
shared
—
—
—
INT-B
—
—
shared
—
—
shared
—
shared
—
—
INT-C
—
—
—
used
—
—
—
—
—
—
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
INT-D
shared
—
—
—
shared
—
—
—
shared
shared
29
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.7.3 Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Pro Slot
This motherboard has an Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Pro slot to support the
new generation graphics cards with ultra-high memory bandwidth.
AGP Card without Retention Notch
A7V266-EX
R
TOP VIEW
A7V266-EX Accelerated
Graphics Port (AGP PRO)
20-pin bay
Rib (inside slot)
28-pin bay
Rib
3. H/W SETUP
Expansion Cards
CAUTION! The AGP Pro slot is shipped with a warning label over the 20-pin bay.
DO NOT remove this label and the safety tab underneath it if you are using an
AGP card without a retention notch. Removing may cause the
card to shift and may cause damage to the card, slot, and
motherboard. Remove the label and tab ONLY if you are using
an AGP Pro card. Use a rigid tip, such as a pen tip, to dislodge
Removing the tab
3.7.4 Advanced Communication Riser (ACR) Slot
This motherboard has an Advanced Communication Riser (ACR) slot for
communications and audio subsystems. The slot supports modem, audio, LAN, and
Home Phoneline Networking Alliance (HPNA) or Home Networking cards. The
ACR slot is backward compatible with the Audio Modem Riser (AMR) cards.
IMPORTANT! The ACR slot on the motherboard shares the same expansion
slot with PCI Slot 5.
A7V266-EX
R
A7V266-EX Advanced
Communication Riser (ACR)
30
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.8 Connectors
3.8.1 External Connectors
WARNING! Some pins are used for connectors or power sources. These are
clearly distinguished from jumpers in the Motherboard Layout. Placing jumper
caps over these connector pins will cause damage to your motherboard.
IMPORTANT: Ribbon cables should always be connected with the red stripe to
Pin 1 on the connectors. Pin 1 is usually on the side closest to the power connector
on hard drives and CD-ROM drives, but may be on the opposite side on floppy
disk drives. Check the connectors before installation because there may be
exceptions. IDE ribbon cable must be less than 46 cm (18 in.), with the second
drive connector no more than 15 cm (6 in.) from the first connector.
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
1) PS/2 Mouse Port (Green 6-pin PS2KBMS)
The system automatically directs IRQ12 to the PS/2 mouse if one is detected. If
no mouse is detected, IRQ12 become available to expansion cards. See PS/2
Mouse Function Control in 4.4 Advanced Menu.
PS/2 Mouse (6-pin Female)
2) PS/2 Keyboard Port (Purple 6-pin PS2KBMS)
This connection is for a standard keyboard using an PS/2 plug (mini DIN). This
connector does not allow standard AT size (large DIN) keyboard plugs. You
may use a DIN to mini DIN adapter on standard AT keyboards.
PS/2 Keyboard (6-pin Female)
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
31
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3) Universal Serial Bus Ports 1 & 2 (Black two 4-pin USB)
Two USB ports are available for connecting USB devices.
USB 1
Universal Serial Bus (USB) 2
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
4) Parallel Port (Burgundy 25-pin PRINTER)
You can enable the parallel port and choose the IRQ through Onboard Parallel
Port (see 4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration).
NOTE: Serial printers must be connected to the serial port.
Parallel Port (25-pin Female)
5) Serial Ports (Teal/Turquoise 9-pin COM1 / 9-pin COM2)
Two serial ports can be used for pointing devices or other serial devices. To
enable these ports, see Onboard Serial Port 1 / Onboard Serial Port 2 in
4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration for the settings.
COM1
COM2
Serial Ports (9-pin Male)
32
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
6) Game/MIDI Ports (Gold 15-pin GAME_AUDIO) (optional)
This connector supports a joystick or a game pad for playing games, and MIDI
devices for playing or editing audio files.
Joystick/Midi (15-pin Female)
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
7) Audio Connectors (Three 1/8” AUDIO) (optional)
The Line Out (lime) connects a headphone or speakers. The Line In (light blue)
connects a tape players or other audio sources. The Mic (pink) connects a
microphone.
NOTE: The functions of the audio connectors Line Out, Line In, and Mic
change when the 6-channel audio feature is enabled. Refer to Chapter 5.
SOFTWARE SETUP.
Line Out Line In Mic
1/8" Stereo Audio Connectors
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
33
3. HARDWARE SETUP
8) IDE Activity LED (2-pin IDELED)
This connector supplies power to the cabinet’s IDE activity LED. Read and
write activity by devices connected to the Primary or Secondary IDE connectors
cause the IDE LED to light up.
IDELED
A7V266-EX
R
TIP: If the case-mounted LED does not
light, try reversing the 2-pin plug.
A7V266-EX IDE Activity LED
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
9) Floppy Disk Drive Connector (34-1 pin FLOPPY)
This connector supports the provided floppy drive ribbon cable. After connecting
the single end to the board, connect the two plugs on the other end to the floppy
drives. (Pin 5 is removed to prevent inserting in the wrong orientation when
using ribbon cables with pin 5 plugged).
NOTE: Orient the red markings on
the floppy ribbon cable to PIN 1
A7V266-EX
R
PIN 1
A7V266-EX Floppy Disk Drive Connector
34
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
PIN 1
A7V266-EX IDE Connectors
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
Secondary IDE Connector
Primary IDE Connector
R
PROMISE IDE1 Connector
A7V266-EX
PROMISE IDE2 Connector
10) Primary (Blue) / Secondary (Black) IDE Connectors
(40-1 pin PRIMARY IDE and SECONDARY IDE)
(40-1 pin PROMISE IDE1 and PROMISE2 IDE)
These connectors support the IDE hard disk ribbon cables supplied with
the motherboard. Connect the cable’s blue connector to the motherboard’s
primary IDE connector (recommended) or the secondary IDE connector. Then
connect the opposite end of the cable to your UltraDMA133//100/66 device
(hard disk drive). A second slave hard disk may be attached to the intermediate
connector on the cable. If a second hard disk drive is connected, you may reset
its jumper to Slave mode. Refer to your hard disk documentation for the jumper
settings. It is recommended that non-UltraDMA133/100/66 devices be connected
to the secondary IDE connector. BIOS now supports specific device bootup
(see 4.6 Boot Menu.) If you have more than two UltraDMA133/100/66 devices,
you will need to purchase another UltraDMA100/66 cable. (Pin 20 is removed
to prevent inserting in the wrong orientation when using ribbon cables.)
The A7V266-EX motherboard is supplied with two extra onboard IDE
connectors: one Promise IDE1 and one Promise IDE2. You can use them to
setup the RAID 0 or 1 arrays and to support extra IDE devices. A total of eight
hard-disks, two on each IDE connector, can be connected to the A7V266-EX,
but only two can function in a RAID array. See 5.4 Software Setup for more
information about setting up a RAID array.
TIP: For high-performance and RAID 0 or 1 set ups, always setup two hard
disks with two separate ribbon cables, one for the primary IDE connector and
another for the secondary IDE connector. Usually, both disks may be set to the
Master settings. Also, you may install one operating system on an IDE drive
and another on a SCSI drive and select the boot disk through BIOS. (See 4.6
Boot Menu.)
NOTE: Do not connect any other types of IDE devices to the Promise IDE
connectors; they support hard disk drive devices only.
NOTE: UltraDMA/133 is backward compatible with DMA100/66/33 and with
all with existing DMA devices and systems, so there is no need to upgrade current
EIDE/IDE drives and host systems.
IMPORTANT: UltraDMA66 and UltraDMA100 IDE devices require a 40-pin
80-conductor cable and RAID arrays only operate with such cables.
PIN 1
NOTE: Orient the red markings
(usually zigzag) on the IDE
ribbon cable to PIN 1.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
35
3. HARDWARE SETUP
11) CPU Fan, Power Fan, and Chassis Fan Connectors
(CPU_FAN, PWR_FAN, CHA_FAN)
The three fan connectors support cooling fans of 350mA (4.2 Watts) or less.
Orient the fans so that the heat sink fins allow airflow to go across the onboard
heat sinks instead of the expansion slots. The fan wiring and plug may vary
depending on the fan manufacturer. Connect the fan cable to the connector making
sure that the black wire matches the ground pin. (NOTE: Use the “Rotation”
signal only with a specially designed fan with a rotation signal. You can monitor
the Rotations Per Minute (RPM) using ASUS PC Probe (see 6. SOFTWARE
REFERENCE).
WARNING! Make sure to connect the fan cables to the fan connectors. Lack of
sufficient airflow within the system could cause damage to the motherboard.
These are not jumpers, do not place jumper caps over these connectors!
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
NB_FAN
CPU_FAN
PWR_FAN
Rotation
+12V
GND
R
GND
+12V
Rotation
CHA_FAN
A7V266-EX
A7V266-EX 12-Volt Cooling Fan Power
12) USB Headers (10-1 pin USB2_3)
If the USB port connectors on the back panel are inadequate, two USB headers
are available for two additional USB port connectors. Connect a 2-port USB
connector set to a USB header and mount the USB bracket to an open slot in the
chassis. (The USB connector set is optional and does not come with the
motherboard package.)
USB2_3
USB Power
USBP3–
USBP3+
GND
A7V266-EX
R
36
6
5
1
USB Power
USBP2–
USBP2+
GND
NC
A7V266-EX Front Panel USB Headers
10
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
Standard Infrared (SIR)
Front View
Back View
IRRX
GND
IRTX
+5V
(NC)
13) Infrared Module Connector (10-1 pin IR_CON)
This connector supports an optional wireless transmitting and receiving infrared
module. This module mounts to a small opening on system cases that support
this feature. You must also configure the setting through UART2 Use Infrared
(see 4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration) to select whether UART2 is directed for
use with COM2 or IrDA. Use the five pins as shown in Back View and connect
a ribbon cable from the module to the motherboard SIR connector according to
the pin definitions. (NOTE: The SIR module is not supplied with the
motherboard. The CIR module is currently not available.)
R
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
A7V266-EX
CIRRX
CIR+5V
GND
IRAX
SIR
CIR
+5V
(NC)
IRTX
GND
IRRX
A7V266-EX Infrared
Module Connector
14) ASUS iPanel Connector (24-1 pin AFPANEL)
This connector supports an optional ASUS iPanel, an easy to access drive bay
with front I/O ports, status LEDs, and space reserved for a hard disk drive.
Alternatively, if not using an ASUS iPanel, connect an optional wireless
transmitting and receiving infrared module to the SIR connector, or an optional
consumer infrared connector set for wireless transmitting/remote control functions
through one external infrared module.
NC
IRRX
GND
IRTX
SMBDATA
+3VSB
SMBCLK
NC
NC
IRRX
GND
IRTX
+5 V
NC
GND
NC
NC
+5VSB
CHASSIS#
EXTSMI#
+5V
MLEDPCIRST#
BATT
NC
+5 V
AFPANEL
SIR
CIR
NC
GND
NC
NC
+5VSB
Standard Infrared (SIR)
Front View
Back View
IR_CON
A7V266-EX
R
+5V
(NC)
IRTX
GND
A7V266-EX Front Panel Connectors
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
IRRX
37
3. HARDWARE SETUP
15) Power Supply Connectors (20-pin block ATXPWR)
This connector connects to an ATX 12V power supply. The plug from the power
supply fits in only one orientation because of the different hole sizes. Find the
proper orientation and push down firmly making sure that the pins are aligned.
IMPORTANT: Make sure that the ATX 12V power supply (minimum
recommended wattage: 230W) can supply at least 10mA on the +5-volt standby
lead (+5VSB). The system may become unstable and may experience difficulty
powering up if the power supply is inadequate. For Wake-On-LAN support, the
ATX power supply must supply at least 720mA +5VSB.
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
+12.0Volts
+5V Standby
Power Good
Ground
+5.0 Volts
Ground
+5.0 Volts
Ground
+3.3 Volts
+3.3 Volts
A7V266-EX
R
+5.0 Volts
+5.0 Volts
-5.0 Volts
Ground
Ground
Ground
Power Supply On
Ground
-12.0Volts
+3.3Volts
A7V266-EX ATX Power Connector
16) SMBus Connector (5-1 pin SMB)
This connector allows you to connect SMBus (System Management Bus) devices.
SMBus devices communicate by means of the SMBus with an SMBus host
and/or other SMBus devices. SMBus is a specific implementation of an I2C bus,
a multi-device bus that allows multiple chips to connect to the same bus and
enabling each one to act as a master by initiating data transfer.
SMB_COM
1
A7V266-EX
38
Ground
SMBDATA
+3V
A7V266-EX SMBus Connector
SMBCLK
R
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
17) Internal Audio Connectors (4-1 pin CD, AUX, MODEM) (optional)
These connectors allow you to receive stereo audio input from sound sources as
a CD-ROM, TV tuner, or MPEG card. The MODEM connector allows the
onboard audio to interface with a voice modem card with a similar connector. It
also allows the sharing of mono_in (such as a phone) and a mono_out (such as a
speaker) between the audio and a voice modem card.
MODEM AUX (Black) CD (White)
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
Ground
Left Audio Channel
Right Audio Channel
Ground
Left Audio Channel
Right Audio Channel
R
Modem-Out
Ground
Ground
Modem-In
A7V266-EX
A7V266-EX Internal Audio Connectors
18) Power Supply Thermal Sensor Connector (2-pin JTPWR)
If you have a power supply with thermal monitoring, connect its thermal sensor
cable to this connector.
JTPWR
A7V266-EX
R
Power Supply
Thermal Sensor
A7V266-EX Thermal Sensor Connector
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
39
3. HARDWARE SETUP
19) Digital Audio Interfaces (2-pin SPDIFOUT/CDSPDIFIN) (optional)
These connectors connect SPDIF audio cable that allows digital instead of analog
sound output from CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, CD-RW, and advanced sound cards
such as SoundBlaster. Live.
GND
GND
SPDIF_C
SPDIF_OUT
+5V
R
SPDIF_IN
1
A7V266-EX
A7V266-EX Digital Audio Connector
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
CHASSIS
A7V266-EX
R
+5Volt
(Power Supply Stand By)
Chassis Signal
Ground
20) Chassis Open Alarm Lead (4-pin CHASSIS)
This lead is for a chassis designed for chassis intrusion detection. This requires
an external detection mechanism such as a chassis intrusion monitor/sensor or
microswitch. When any chassis component is removed, the sensor is triggered
and a high-level signal is sent to this lead to record a chassis intrusion event.The
event is then be processed by software such as LDCM. When not using the
chassis intrusion lead, place a jumper cap over the pins to close the circuit.
1
A7V266-EX Chassis Open Alarm Lead
40
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
21) ASUS iPanel Audio Connector (10-1 pin IPANEL)
Connect the audio cable from the optional ASUS iPanel to this for front panel
audio control.
BLINE_OUT_L
A7V266-EX
R
BLINE_OUT_R
+5VA
AGND
Line out_L
NC
Line out_R
MICPWR
MIC2
IPANEL
A7V266-EX Front Panel Audio Connector
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
22) ASUS SmartCard Connector (14-1 pin SMARTCON)
This connector attaches to an optional SmartCard reader device. The SmartCard
reader permits data access from the memory chip of PC/SC smart cards.
NC
NC
SCRREST
NC
SCRUI
SCRRES#
SMARTCARD
A7V266-EX
1
VCC
NC
SCRFET#
SCRCLK
NC
GND
NC2
R
A7V266-EX Smartcard
BLOL
FLOL
23) ASUS Internal Line Out Connector (14-1 pin BACK_LT/BACK_RT)
This connector supplies extra audio line-out.
BLOR
FLOR
BACK_LT
BACK_RT
A7V266-EX
R
A7V266-EX Internal Line Out Connectors
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
41
3. HARDWARE SETUP
The following 20-pin PANEL illustration is for items 24-30:
* Requires an ATX power supply.
R
Message LED
A7V266-EX System Panel Connectors
SMI Lead
Reset
Ground
A7V266-EX
MLED+
MLEDExtSMI#
Ground
PWR
GND
PLED+
PLEDKeylock
Ground
Power LED
Speaker
Connector
+5V
Ground
Ground
Speaker
Keyboard Lock
Reset SW
ATX Power
Switch*
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
24) System Power LED Lead (3-1 pin PWR.LED)
This 3-1 pin connector connects to the system power LED. The LED lights up
when you turn on the system power, and blinks when the system is in sleep or
soft-off mode.
25) Keyboard Lock Switch Lead (2-pin KEYLOCK)
This 2-pin connector connects to the case-mounted key switch to allow keyboard
locking.
26) System Warning Speaker Lead (4-pin SPEAKER)
This 4-pin connector connects to the case-mounted speaker and allows you to
hear system beeps and warnings.
27) System Message LED Lead (2-pin MSG.LED)
This 2-pin connector is for the system message LED that indicates receipt of
messages from a fax/modem. The normal status for this LED is ON, when there
is no incoming data signal. The LED blinks when data is received. The system
message LED feature requires an ACPI OS and driver support.
28) System Management Interrupt Lead (2-pin SMI)
This 2-pin connector allows you to manually place the system into a suspend
mode, or “Green” mode, where system activity is instantly decreased to save
power and to expand the life of certain system components. Attach the casemounted suspend switch this 2-pin connector.
29) ATX Power Switch / Soft-Off Switch Lead (2-pin PWR.SW)
The system power is controlled by a momentary switch attached to this connector.
Pressing the button switches the system between ON and SLEEP, or ON and
SOFT OFF, depending on the BIOS or OS settings. Pressing the button while in
the ON mode for more than 4 seconds turns the system off.
30) Reset Switch Lead (2-pin RESET)
This 2-pin connector connects to the case-mounted reset switch for rebooting
the system without turning off the power switch. This is a preferred method.
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ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
4. BIOS SETUP
4.1 Managing and Updating Your BIOS
4.1.1 Upon First Use of the Computer System
It is recommended that you save a copy of the original motherboard BIOS
along with a Flash Memory Writer utility (AFLASH.EXE) to a bootable
floppy disk in case you need to reinstall the BIOS later. AFLASH.EXE is a
Flash Memory Writer utility that updates the BIOS by uploading a new
BIOS file to the programmable flash ROM on the motherboard. This file
works only in DOS mode. To determine the BIOS version of your
motherboard, check the last four numbers of the code displayed on the upper
left-hand corner of your screen during bootup. Larger numbers represent a
newer BIOS file.
4. BIOS SETUP
Updating BIOS
1. Type FORMAT A:/S at the DOS prompt to create a bootable system
disk. DO NOT copy AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS to the disk.
2. Type COPY D:\AFLASH\AFLASH.EXE A:\ (assuming D is your
CD-ROM drive) to copy AFLASH.EXE to the boot disk you created.
NOTE: AFLASH works only in DOS mode. It does not work in the DOS
prompt within Windows and does not work with certain memory drivers
that may be loaded when you boot from the hard drive. It is recommended
that you reboot using a floppy disk.
3. Reboot the computer from the floppy disk.
NOTE: BIOS setup must specify “Floppy” as the first item in the boot
sequence.
4. In DOS mode, type A:\AFLASH <Enter> to run AFLASH.
IMPORTANT! If the word “unknown” appears after Flash Memory:, the
memory chip is either not programmable or is not supported by the ACPI BIOS
and therefore, cannot be programmed by the Flash Memory Writer utility.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
43
4. BIOS SETUP
5. Select 1. Save Current BIOS to File from the Main menu and press
<Enter>. The Save Current BIOS To File screen appears.
6. Type a filename and the path, for example, A:\XXX-XX.XXX and then
press <Enter>.
4. BIOS SETUP
Updating BIOS
44
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
4. BIOS SETUP
4.1.2 Updating BIOS Procedures
WARNING! Update the BIOS only if you have problems with the motherboard
and you know that the new BIOS revision will solve your problems. Careless
updating can result in your motherboard having more problems!
4. BIOS SETUP
Updating BIOS
1. Download an updated ASUS BIOS file from the Internet (WWW or
FTP) (see ASUS CONTACT INFORMATION on page 3 for details)
and save to the boot floppy disk you created earlier.
2. Boot from the floppy disk.
3. At the “A:\” prompt, type AFLASH and then press <Enter>.
4. At the Main Menu, type 2 then press <Enter>. The Update BIOS
Including Boot Block and ESCD screen appears.
5. Type the filename of your new BIOS and the path, for example, A:\XXXXX.XXX, then press <Enter>.
NOTE: To cancel this operation, press <Enter>.
6. When prompted to confirm the BIOS update, press Y to start the update.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
45
4. BIOS SETUP
7. The utility starts to program the new BIOS information into the Flash
ROM. The boot block is updated automatically only when necessary.
This minimizes the possibilities of boot problems in case of update
failures. When the programming is done, Flashed Successfully appears.
8. Follow the onscreen instructions to continue.
4. BIOS SETUP
Updating BIOS
WARNING! If you encounter problems while updating the new BIOS, DO NOT
turn off the system because this may cause boot problems. Just repeat the process,
and if the problem still persists, load the original BIOS file you saved to the boot
disk. If the Flash Memory Writer utility is not able to successfully update a
complete BIOS file, the system may not boot. If this happens, call the ASUS
service center for support.
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ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
4. BIOS SETUP
4.2 BIOS Setup Program
This motherboard supports a programmable EEPROM that you can update using
the provided utility described in 4.1 Managing and Updating Your BIOS.
The utility is used if you are installing a motherboard, reconfiguring your system,
or prompted to “Run Setup”. This section describes how to configure your system
using this utility.
Even if you are not prompted to use the Setup program, at some time in the future
you may want to change the configuration of your computer. For example, you
may want to enable the Security Password Feature or make changes to the power
management settings. It will then be necessary to reconfigure your system using
the BIOS Setup program so that the computer can recognize these changes and
record them in the CMOS RAM of the EEPROM.
4. BIOS SETUP
Program Information
The EEPROM on the motherboard stores the Setup utility. When you start up the
computer, the system provides you with the opportunity to run this program. This
appears during the Power-On Self Test (POST). Press <Delete> to call up the Setup
utility. If you are a little bit late in pressing the mentioned key, POST will continue
with its test routines, thus preventing you from calling up Setup. If you still need to
call Setup, restart the system by pressing <Ctrl> + <Alt> + <Delete>, or by pressing
the Reset button on the system chassis. You can also restart by turning the system
off and then back on again. But do so only if the first two methods fail.
The Setup program has been designed to make it as easy to use as possible. It is a
menu-driven program, which means you can scroll through the various sub-menus
and make your selections among the predetermined choices.
To access the BIOS Setup program, press the <Delete> key after
the computer has run through its POST.
NOTE: Because the BIOS software is constantly being updated, the following
BIOS setup screens and descriptions are for reference purposes only, and may
not exactly match what you see on your screen.
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47
4. BIOS SETUP
4.2.1 BIOS Menu Bar
The top of the screen has a menu bar with the following selections:
MAIN
Use this menu to make changes to the basic system configuration.
ADVANCED Use this menu to enable and make changes to the advanced
features.
POWER
Use this menu to configure and enable Power Management
features.
BOOT
Use this menu to configure the default system device used to locate
and load the Operating System.
EXIT
Use this menu to exit the current menu or specify how to exit the
Setup program.
To access the menu bar items, press the right or left arrow key on the keyboard
until the desired item is highlighted.
4.2.2 Legend Bar
At the bottom of the Setup screen is a legend bar. The keys in the legend bar allow
you to navigate through the various setup menus. The following table lists the keys
found in the legend bar with their corresponding functions.
4. BIOS SETUP
Menu Introduction
48
Navigation Key(s)
Function Description
<F1> or <Alt + H>
Displays the General Help screen from anywhere in the BIOS
Setup
<Esc>
Jumps to the Exit menu or returns to the main menu from a
sub-menu
← or → (keypad arrow)
Selects the menu item to the left or right
↑ or ↓ (keypad arrow)
Moves the highlight up or down between fields
- (minus key)
Scrolls backward through the values for the highlighted field
+ (plus key) or spacebar
Scrolls forward through the values for the highlighted field
<Enter>
Brings up a selection menu for the highlighted field
<Home> or <PgUp>
Moves the cursor to the first field
<End> or <PgDn>
Moves the cursor to the last field
<F5>
Resets the current screen to its Setup Defaults
<F10>
Saves changes and exits Setup
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
4. BIOS SETUP
General Help
In addition to the Item Specific Help window, the BIOS setup program also provides
a General Help screen. You may launch this screen from any menu by simply
pressing <F1> or the <Alt> + <H> combination. The General Help screen lists the
legend keys with their corresponding functions.
Saving Changes and Exiting the Setup Program
See 4.7 Exit Menu for detailed information on saving changes and exiting the
setup program.
Scroll Bar
When a scroll bar appears to the right of a help window, it indicates that there is
more information to be displayed that will not fit in the window. Use <PgUp> and
<PgDn> or the up and down arrow keys to scroll through the entire help document.
Press <Home> to display the first page, press <End> to go to the last page. To exit
the help window, press <Enter> or <Esc>.
Sub-Menu
4. BIOS SETUP
Menu Introduction
Note that a right pointer symbol (as shown in the left view)
appears to the left of certain fields. This pointer indicates that
you can display a sub-menu from this field. A sub-menu
contains additional options for a field parameter. To display a
sub-menu, move the highlight to the field and press <Enter>.
The sub-menu appears. Use the legend keys to enter values
and move from field to field within a sub-menu as you would
within a menu. Use the <Esc> key to return to the main menu.
Take some time to familiarize yourself with the legend keys and their corresponding
functions. Practice navigating through the various menus and sub-menus. If you
accidentally make unwanted changes to any of the fields, use the set default hot
key <F5> to load the Setup default values. While moving around through the Setup
program, note that explanations appear in the Item Specific Help window located
to the right of each menu. This window displays the help text for the currently
highlighted field.
NOTE: The item heading in square brackets represents the default setting for
that field.
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49
4. BIOS SETUP
4.3 Main Menu
When you enter the Setup program, the following screen appears:
4. BIOS SETUP
Main Menu
System Time [XX:XX:XX]
Sets the system to the time that you specify (usually the current time). The
format is hour, minute, second. Valid values for hour, minute and second
are Hour: (00 to 23), Minute: (00 to 59), Second: (00 to 59). Use the
<Tab> or <Shift> + <Tab> keys to move between the hour, minute, and
second fields.
System Date [XX/XX/XXXX]
Sets the system to the date that you specify (usually the current date). The
format is month, day, year. Valid values for month, day, and year are Month:
(1 to 12), Day: (1 to 31), Year: (100 year range). Use the <Tab> or <Shift>
+ <Tab> keys to move between the month, day, and year fields.
Legacy Diskette A [1.44M, 3.5 in.], Legacy Diskette B [None]
Sets the type of floppy drives installed. Configuration options: [None]
[360K, 5.25 in.] [1.2M , 5.25 in.] [720K , 3.5 in.] [1.44M, 3.5 in.]
[2.88M, 3.5 in.]
Floppy 3 Mode Support [Disabled]
This is required to support older Japanese floppy drives. The Floppy 3
Mode feature allows reading and writing of 1.2MB (as opposed to
1.44MB) on a 3.5-inch diskette. Configuration options: [Disabled]
[Enabled]
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ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
4. BIOS SETUP
4.3.1 Primary & Secondary Master/Slave
4. BIOS SETUP
Master/Slave Drives
Type [Auto]
Select [Auto] to automatically detect an IDE hard disk drive. If automatic
detection is successful, Setup automatically fills in the correct values for
the remaining fields on this sub-menu. If automatic detection fails, this
may be because the hard disk drive is too old or too new. If the hard disk
was already formatted on an older system, Setup may detect incorrect
parameters. In these cases, select [User Type HDD] to manually enter the
IDE hard disk drive parameters. Refer to the next section for details.
NOTE: After entering the IDE hard disk drive information into BIOS,
use a disk utility, such as FDISK, to partition and format new IDE hard
disk drives. This is necessary so that you can write or read data from the
hard disk. Make sure to set the partition of the Primary IDE hard disk
drives to active.
CAUTION! Before attempting to configure a hard disk drive, make sure you
have the configuration information supplied by the drive manufacturer. Incorrect
settings may cause the system to fail to recognize the installed hard disk.
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51
4. BIOS SETUP
[User Type HDD]
Manually enter the number of cylinders, heads and sectors per track for the drive.
Refer to the drive documentation or on the drive label for this information. If no
drive is installed or if you are removing a drive and not replacing it, select [None].
4. BIOS SETUP
Master/Slave Drives
Translation Method [LBA]
Select the hard disk drive type in this field. When Logical Block Addressing (LBA)
is enabled, 28-bit addressing of the hard drive disregarding cylinders, heads, or
sectors. Note that LBA Mode is necessary for drives with more than 504MB storage
capacity. Configuration options: [LBA] [LARGE] [Normal] [Match Partition Table]
[Manual]
Cylinders
This field configures the number of cylinders. Refer to the drive documentation to
determine the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE: To make changes to
this field, set the Type field to [User Type HDD] and the Translation Method
field to [Manual].
Head
This field configures the number of read/write heads. Refer to the drive documentation
to determine the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE: To make changes to this
field, set the Type field to [User Type HDD] and the Translation Method field to
[Manual].
Sector
This field configures the number of sectors per track. Refer to the drive
documentation to determine the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE: To
make changes to this field, set the Type field to [User Type HDD] and the
Translation Method field to [Manual].
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ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
4. BIOS SETUP
4. BIOS SETUP
Master/Slave Drives
CHS Capacity
This field shows the drive’s maximum CHS capacity as calculated by the BIOS
based on the drive information you entered.
Maximum LBA Capacity
This field shows the drive’s maximum LBA capacity as calculated by the BIOS
based on the drive information you entered.
Multi-Sector Transfers [Maximum]
This option automatically sets the number of sectors per block to the highest number
that the drive supports. Note that when this field is automatically configured, the set
value may not always be the fastest value for the drive. You may also manually
configure this field. Refer to the documentation that came with the hard drive to
determine the optimum value and set it manually. NOTE: To make changes to this
field, set the Type field to [User Type HDD]. Configuration options: [Disabled] [2
Sectors] [4 Sectors] [8 Sectors] [16 Sectors] [32 Sectors] [Maximum]
SMART Monitoring [Disabled]
This filed allows you to enable or disable the S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis
and Reporting Technology) system that utilizes internal hard disk drive monitoring
technology. This parameter is normally disabled because the resources used in the
SMART monitoring feature may decrease system performance. Configuration
options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
PIO Mode [4]
This option lets you set a PIO (Programmed Input/Output) mode for the IDE device.
Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased performance. Configuration
options: [0] [1] [2] [3] [4]
Ultra DMA Mode [Disabled]
Ultra DMA capability allows improved transfer speeds and data integrity for compatible
IDE devices. Set to [Disabled] to suppress Ultra DMA capability.
NOTE: To make changes to this field, set the Type field to [User Type
HDD]. Configuration options: [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Disabled]
Other options for the Type field are:
[CD-ROM] - for IDE CD-ROM drives
[LS-120] - for LS-120 compatible floppy disk drives
[ZIP-100] - for ZIP-100 compatible disk drives
[MO] - for IDE magneto optical disk drives
[Other ATAPI Device] - for IDE devices not listed here
After making your selections on this sub-menu, press the <Esc> key to return
to the Main menu. When the Main menu appears, the hard disk drive filed
displays the size for the hard disk drive that you configured.
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
53
4. BIOS SETUP
4.3.2 Keyboard Features
Boot Up NumLock Status [On]
This field enables users to activate the Number Lock function upon system
boot. Configuration options: [Off] [On]
4. BIOS SETUP
Keyboard Features
Keyboard Auto-Repeat Rate [12/Sec]
This controls the speed at which the system registers repeated keystrokes.
Options range from 6 to 30 characters per second. Configuration options:
[6/Sec] [8/Sec] [10/Sec] [12/Sec] [15/Sec] [20/Sec] [24/Sec] [30/Sec]
Keyboard Auto-Repeat Delay [1/4 Sec]
This field sets the time interval for displaying the first and second characters.
Configuration options: [1/4 Sec] [1/2 Sec] [3/4 Sec] [1 Sec]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Language [English]
This field displays the BIOS language version.
4. BIOS SETUP
Main Menu
Supervisor Password [Disabled] / User Password [Disabled]
These fields allow you to set passwords. To set a password, highlight the appropriate
field and press <Enter>. Type in a password then press <Enter>. You can type up to
eight alphanumeric characters. Symbols and other characters are ignored. To confirm
the password, type the password again and press <Enter>. The password is now set to
[Enabled]. This password allows full access to the BIOS Setup menus. To clear the
password, highlight this field and press <Enter>. The same dialog box as above appears.
Press <Enter>. The password is set to [Disabled].
A Note about Passwords
The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify passwords in the Main menu. The passwords
control access to the BIOS during system startup. Passwords are not case sensitive, meaning,
it makes no difference whether you the password using uppercase or lowercase letters.
The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify two different passwords: a Supervisor
password and a User password. If you did not set a Supervisor password, anyone can
access the BIOS Setup program. If you did, the Supervisor password is required to enter
the BIOS Setup program and to gain full access to the configuration fields.
Forgot the Password?
If you forget your password, you can clear it by erasing the CMOS Real Time Clock (RTC)
RAM. The RAM data containing the password information is powered by the onboard button
cell battery.
To erase the RTC RAM:
1. Turn OFF the computer and unplug the power cord.
2. Remove the battery.
3. Short the jumper.
4. Re-install the battery.
5. Plug the power cord and turn ON the computer.
6. Hold down the <Del> key during the boot process and enter BIOS
setup to re-enter data.
Halt On [All Errors]
This field specifies the types of errors that will cause the system to halt. Configuration
options: [All Errors] [No Error] [All but Keyboard] [All but Disk] [All but Disk/
Keyboard]
Installed Memory [XXX MB]
This field automatically displays the amount of conventional memory detected by the
system during the boot process.
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.4 Advanced Menu
CPU Speed [Manual]
When the motherboard is set to JumperFree™ mode, this field sets the
internal frequency of your CPU. Select [Manual] if you want to make
changes to the next two fields. Note that selecting a frequency higher than
the CPU manufacturer recommends may cause the system to hang or crash.
Configuration options: [Manual] [750MHz] [1000MHz]
4. BIOS SETUP
Advanced Menu
CPU : System Frequency Multiple, (if CPU Speed set to [Manual])
This field is for unlocked processors only and will not be available to standard
AMD processors. If the processor frequency multiple is detected as being
locked, you cannot access this field. For unlocked processors, this field sets
the frequency multiple between the CPU’s internal frequency (CPU speed)
and the external frequency. Set this field in conjunction with the System/
PCI Frequency (MHz) to match the speed of the CPU. Configuration
options: [5x/14x] [5.5x] [6.0x]...[12.0x] [12.5x]
System/PCI Frequency (MHz)
(if CPU Speed set to [Manual])
This feature tells the clock generator what frequency to send to
the system bus and PCI bus. The bus frequency (external
frequency) multiplied by the bus multiple equals the CPU speed.
Configuration ranges from 100/33 to 227/57.
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4. BIOS SETUP
System/SDRAM Frequency Ratio [Auto]
This field determines whether the memory clock frequency is set to be in
synchronous or asynchronous mode with respect to the system frequency.
The options that appear in the popup menu vary according to the System/
PCI Frequency (MHz). Configuration options: [Auto] [100:100] [100:133]
Vcore [1.775V]
This field determines the range of core voltage available to the Central
Processing Unit. Configuration options: [1.850] [1.825] [1.800] [1.775]
[1.750]
CPU Level 1 Cache, CPU Level 2 Cache [Enabled]
These fields allow you to choose from the default of [Enabled] or choose
[Disabled] to turn on or off the CPU Level 1 and Level 2 built-in cache.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
CPU Level 2 Cache ECC Check [Disabled]
This function controls the ECC capability in the CPU level 2 cache.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4. BIOS SETUP
Advanced Menu
BIOS Update [Enabled]
This field functions as an update loader integrated into the BIOS to supply
the processor with the required data. When set to [Enabled], the BIOS loads
the update on all processors during system bootup. Configuration options:
[Disabled] [Enabled]
PS/2 Mouse Function Control [Auto]
The default setting [Auto] allows the system to detect a PS/2 mouse at startup.
If a mouse is detected, the BIOS assigns IRQ12 to the PS/2 mouse. Otherwise,
IRQ12 can be used for expansion cards. When you set this field to [Enabled],
BIOS always reserves IRQ12, whether or not a PS/2 mouse is detected at
startup. Configuration options: [Enabled] [Auto]
USB Legacy Support [Auto]
This motherboard supports Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices. The default
of [Auto] allows the system to detect a USB device at startup. If detected,
the USB controller is enabled. If not detected, the USB controller is disabled.
When you set this field to [Disabled], the USB controller is disabled whether
you are using a USB device or not. Configuration options: [Disabled]
[Enabled] [Auto]
OS/2 Onboard Memory > 64M [Disabled]
When using OS/2 operating systems with installed DRAM of greater than
64MB, you need to set this option to [Enabled]. Otherwise, leave to the
default setting [Disabled]. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Notes for JumperFree Mode
CPU Upgrade/Reinstallation
To ensure that the system can enter BIOS Setup after changing the processor,
the system starts up running at a bus speed of 100MHz and a fail-safe CPU
internal frequency. Then it automatically enters the Advanced menu with a
popup display of all the possible CPU internal frequencies.
4. BIOS SETUP
JumperFree Mode
For processors with locked frequency multiplier
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4. BIOS SETUP
System Hangup
If the system crashes or hangs due to improper frequency settings, power
OFF the system and restart. The system starts up in safe mode running at a
bus speed of 100MHz and enters the BIOS Setup.
Cause for Hangup: Improper CPU Speed
4. BIOS SETUP
JumperFree Mode
Cause for Hangup: Improper CPU: System Frequency Multiple
(For processors with unlocked frequency multiplier only)
Cause for Hangup: Improper System/SDRAM Frequency
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.4.1 Chip Configuration
(Scroll down to see more items as shown)
4. BIOS SETUP
Chip Configuration
SDRAM Configuration [By SPD]
This sets the optimal timings for items 2–5, depending on the memory
modules that you are using. The default setting is [By SPD], which configures
items 2–5 by reading the contents in the SPD (Serial Presence Detect) device.
The EEPROM on the memory module stores critical parameter information
about the module, such as memory type, size, speed, voltage interface, and
module banks. Configuration options: [User Defined] [7ns (143MHz)] [8ns
(125MHz)] [By SPD]
SDRAM CAS Latency [DDR:2.ST;SDR:3]
This controls the latency between the SDRAM read command and the
time that the data actually becomes available. NOTE: This field appears
only when you set the SDRAM Configuration to [User Defined].
Configuration options: [DDR:2.ST;SDR:3T] [2T]
SDRAM RAS Precharge Time [2T]
This controls the idle clocks after issuing a precharge command to the
SDRAM. NOTE: This field appears only when you set the SDRAM
Configuration to [User Defined]. Configuration options: [3T] [2T]
SDRAM RAS to CAS Delay [3T]
This controls the latency between the SDRAM active command and the
read/write command. NOTE: This field appears only if the SDRAM
Configuration is set: [User Defined]. Configuration options: [3T] [2T]
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4. BIOS SETUP
SDRAM Active to Precharge Time [6T]
To make changes to this field, set the SDRAM Configuration field to
[User Defined]. Configuration options: [6T] [5T]A7V
Bank Interleave [Auto]
Configuration options: [None] [2 Banks] [4 Banks] [Auto]
DRAM 4K/8K Page Enable [Auto]
Configuration options: [Auto] [4K page enable] [8K page enable]
DDR_1T/2T_ITEM [2T CMD]
Configuration options: [1T CMD] [2T CMD] [Auto Mode]
Burst Len [Auto]
The DRAM burst length supports 8QW and 4QW. The default [Auto] detects
the appropriate setting. Configuration options: [Auto] [4]
Read Around Write [Enabled]
Setting this field to [Enabled] allows the memory controller to store write
data in its buffer whenever the CPU issues a write command. The next time
the CPU needs the data, it retrieves the data from the memory buffer without
accessing the SDRAM. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4. BIOS SETUP
Chip Configuration
Delayed Transaction [Disabled]
When set to [Enabled], this feature frees the PCI bus when the CPU is
accessing 8-bit ISA cards. This process normally consumes about 50-60
PCI Clocks without PCI delayed transaction. Set this field to [Disabled]
when using ISA cards that are not PCI 2.1 compliant. Configuration options:
[Enabled] [Disabled]
PCI to DRAM Prefetch [Always prefetc]
Configuration options: [Always Prefetch] [Prefetch disabled] [Prefetch only
enhance command]
AGP Capability [4X Mode]
This motherboard supports the AGP 4x interface that transfers video data at
1066MB/s. AGP 4x is backward-compatible, so you may leave the default
[4X Mode] on even if you are using an AGP 1x or 2x video card. When set
to [1X Mode], the AGP interface only provides a peak data throughput of
266MB/s even if you are using an AGP 2x/4x card. When set to [2X Mode],
the AGP interface only provides a peak data throughput of 533MB/s even if
you are using an AGP 4x card. Configuration options: [1X Mode] [2X Mode]
[4X Mode]
AGP Fast Write [Disabled]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
AGP Drive Strength [Auto]
Configuration options: [Auto] [Manual]
Graphics Aperture Size [32MB]
This feature allows you to select the size of mapped memory for AGP graphic
data. Configuration options: [4MB] [8MB] [16MB] [32MB] [64MB]
[128MB] [256MB]
Video Memory Cache Mode [UC]
USWC (uncacheable, speculative write combining) is a new cache
technology for the video memory of the processor. It can greatly improve
the display speed by caching the display data. You must set this to UC
(uncacheable) if your display card does not support this feature, otherwise
the system may not boot. Configuration options: [UC] [USWC]
Onboard PCI IDE Enable [Both]
This field allows enable either the primary IDE channel or secondary IDE
channel, or both. You can also set both channels to [Disabled]. Configuration
options: [Both] [Primary] [Secondary] [Disabled]
Onboard ACR LAN Enable [Auto Detect]
This field enables or disable the onboard Advanced Communication Riser
(ACR) and Local Area Network (LAN) controller built-in the VT8233
chipset. Configuration options: [Enabled] [Auto Detect] [Disabled]
4. BIOS SETUP
Chip Configuration
Onboard PCI Audio Enable [Enabled]
This field enables PCI audio. Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled]
Memory Hole At 15M-16M [Disabled]
This field reserves an address space for ISA expansion cards. Setting the
address space to a particular setting makes that memory space unavailable
to other system components. Expansion cards can only access memory up
to 16MB. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration
Onboard FDC Swap A & B [No Swap]
This field allows you to reverse the hardware drive letter assignments of
your floppy disk drives. Configuration options: [No Swap] [Swap AB]
4. BIOS SETUP
I/O Device Config
Onboard Serial Port 1 [3F8H/IRQ4]
Onboard Serial Port 2 [2F8H/IRQ3]
These fields allow you to set the addresses for the onboard serial connectors.
Serial Port 1 and Serial Port 2 must have different addresses. Configuration
options: [3F8H/IRQ4] [2F8H/IRQ3] [3E8H/IRQ4] [2E8H/IRQ10]
[Disabled]
UART2 Use [COM Port]
This field can activate the onboard standard infrared feature and sets the second
serial UART to support the infrared module connector on the motherboard. If
also may be used to configure another COM port or to support a serial smart
card reader. See IrDA-Compliant Infrared Module Connector in 3.8
Connectors. Configuration options: [COM Port] [IR] [Smart Card Reader]
Onboard Parallel Port [378H/IRQ7]
This field sets the address of the onboard parallel port connector. If you disable
this field, the Parallel Port Mode and ECP DMA Select configurations are
not available. Configuration options: [Disabled] [378H/IRQ7] [278H/IRQ5]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Parallel Port Mode [ECP+EPP]
This field allows you to set the operation mode of the parallel port. [Normal]
allows normal-speed operation but in one direction only; [EPP] allows
bidirectional parallel port operation; [ECP] allows the parallel port to operate
in bidirectional DMA mode; [ECP+EPP] allows normal speed operation in
a two-way mode. Configuration options: [Normal] [EPP] [ECP] [ECP+EPP]
ECP DMA Select [3]
This field allows you to configure the parallel port DMA channel for the
selected ECP mode. This selection is available only if you select [ECP] or
[ECP+EPP] in Parallel Port Mode above. Configuration options: [1] [3]
[Disabled]
Onboard CIR I/O [Disabled]
This field allows you to select the I/O address and IRQ for consumer infrared
device. Configuration options: [Disabled] [2E0-2E8H] [3E0-3E8H]
Onboard Peripheral Resource Control
4. BIOS SETUP
I/O Device Config
Onboard AC97 Modem Controller [Auto]
Onboard AC97 Audio Controller [Auto]
[Auto] allows the BIOS to detect whether you are using any modem/audio
device. If a modem/audio device is detected, the onboard modem/audio
controller is enabled; if no modem/audio device is detected, the controller is
disabled. If there are conflicts with the onboard modem/audio controller, set
the appropriate field to [Disabled]. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Auto]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.4.3 PCI Configuration
Slot 1, Slot 2, Slot 3, Slot 4/5 IRQ [Auto]
These fields automatically assign the IRQ for each PCI slot. The default
setting for each field is [Auto], which utilizes auto-routing to determine
IRQ assignments. Configuration options: [Auto] [NA] [3] [4] [5] [7] [9]
[10] [11] [12] [14] [15]
4. BIOS SETUP
PCI Configuration
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop [Disabled]
Some non-standard VGA cards, such as graphics accelerators or MPEG
video cards, may not show colors properly. Setting this field to [Enabled]
corrects this problem. If you are using standard VGA cards, leave this
field to the default setting [Disabled]. Configuration options: [Disabled]
[Enabled]
PCI Latency Timer [32]
Leave this field to the default setting [32] for best performance and stability.
SYMBIOS SCSI BIOS [Auto]
[Auto] allows the BIOS to detect whether you have a SYMBIOS SCSI card.
If such card is detected, the SCSI BIOS is enabled. Otherwise, the onboard
SCSI BIOS is disabled.
The setting [Disabled] disables the onboard SYMBIOS SCSI BIOS so that
the BIOS on an add-on SYMBIOS SCSI card can be used. If the SYMBIOS
SCSI card does not have a BIOS, the Symbios SCSI card will not work.
Configuration options: [Auto] [Disabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
USB Function [Enabled]
Set this field to [Enabled] if you want to use Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Primary VGA BIOS [PCI Card]
This field allows you to select the primary graphics card. Configuration
options: [PCI Card] [AGP Card]
SCSI/ATA100 Boot Sequence [ATA100/SCSI]
This field sets the priority of boot sequencing for either the ATA100 or the
SCSI controller. Configuration options: [ATA100/SCSI] [SCSI/ATA100]
Load Onboard ATA BIOS [Auto]
This field sets the priority of the onboard Promise controller BIOS. The
default automatically displays the Promise ATA BIOS at start up. Selecting
[Disable] or resetting the RAID_EN jumper overrides the ATA BIOS and
skips detection of arrays. Configuration options: [Auto] [Disabled]
PCI IRQ Resource Exclusion
4. BIOS SETUP
PCI Configuration
IRQ XX Used By ISA [No/ICU]
These fields indicate whether or not the displayed IRQ for each field is
being used by a legacy (non-PnP) ISA card. The setting [No/ICU] for an
IRQ field indicates that you are using the ISA Configuration Utility (ICU),
and that this particular IRQ is NOT required by a legacy ISA card. Set the
IRQ field to [Yes] if you install a legacy ISA card that requires a unique IRQ
and you are NOT using ICU. Configuration options: [No/ICU] [Yes]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.5 Power Menu
The Power menu allows you to reduce power consumption. This feature turns off the
video display and shuts down the hard disk after a period of inactivity.
4. BIOS SETUP
Shadow Configuration
Power Management [User Defined]
This field must be enabled to activate the automatic power saving features. When
set to [Disabled], the power management features do not function regardless of the
other settings on this menu. The [User Defined] option allows you to make your
own selections in the Power menu. When set to [Max Saving], system power
conserved to its greatest amount. The Suspend Mode field is then be set to a
predefined value that ensures maximum power savings.
This field acts as the master control for the power management modes. [Max Saving]
puts the system into power saving mode after a brief period of system inactivity.
[Min Saving] is almost the same as [Max Saving] except that the system inactivity
period is longer. [Disabled] deactivates the power saving features, [User Defined]
allows you to set power saving options according to your preference. Configuration
options: [User Defined] [Disabled] [Min Saving] [Max Saving]
IMPORTANT: You should install the Advanced Power Management (APM)
utility to keep the system time updated even when the computer enters suspend
mode. In DOS environment, you need to add the statement,
DEVICE=C:\DOS\POWER.EXE, to the CONFIG.SYS file. In Windows 3.x
and Windows 95, you need to install Windows with the APM feature. In Windows
98 or later, APM is automatically installed as indicated by a battery and power
cord icon labeled “Power Management” in the “Control Panel.” Select the item
“Advanced” in the Power Management Properties dialog box.
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4. BIOS SETUP
Video Off Option [Suspend -> Off ]
This field determines when to activate the video off feature for monitor
power management. Configuration options: [Always On] [Suspend -> Off]
Video Off Method [DPMS OFF]
This field defines the video off features. The DPMS (Display Power
Management System) feature allows the BIOS to control the video display
card if it supports the DPMS feature. [Blank Screen] only blanks the screen
(use this for monitors without power management or “green” features. If set
up in your system, your screen saver will not display with [Blank Screen]
selected). [V/H SYNC+Blank] blanks the screen and turns off vertical and
horizontal scanning. Configuration options: [Blank Screen] [V/H
SYNC+Blank] [DPMS Standby] [DPMS Suspend] [DPMS OFF] [DPMS
Reduce ON]
HDD Power Down [Disabled]
Shuts down any IDE hard disk drives in the system after a period of
inactivity as set in this user-configurable field. This feature does not affect
SCSI hard drives. Configuration options: [Disabled] [1 Min] [2 Min] [3
Min]...[15 Min]
4. BIOS SETUP
Power Menu
Suspend-to-RAM Capability [Disabled]
This field lets you to enable or disable the Suspend-to-RAM (STR) feature
allowing the system to go into suspend mode after the specified time in the
Suspend Mode parameter. Configuration options: [Disabled] [enabled]
Suspend Mode [Disabled]
Sets the time period before the system goes into suspend mode.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [30 Sec] [1 Min] [2 Min]...[1 Hour]
PWR Button < 4 Secs [Soft Off]
When set to [Soft off], the ATX switch can be used as a normal system
power-off button when pressed for less than 4 seconds. [Suspend] allows
the button to have a dual function where pressing less than 4 seconds will
place the system in sleep mode. Regardless of the setting, holding the ATX
switch for more than 4 seconds will power off the system. Configuration
options: [Soft off] [Suspend]
CPU Thermal Option [Throttle]
Configuration options: [Throttle] [Shutdown]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.5.1 Power Up Control
4. BIOS SETUP
Power Menu
AC PWR Loss Restart [Disabled]
This allows you to set whether you want your system to reboot after the
power has been interrupted. [Disabled] leaves your system off and [Enabled]
reboots your system. [Previous State] sets your system back to the state it is
before the power interruption. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
[Previous State]
PWR Up On External Modem Act [Disabled]
This allows either settings of [Enabled] or [Disabled] for powering up the
computer when the external modem receives a call while the computer is in
Soft-off mode. NOTE: The computer cannot receive or transmit data until
the computer and applications are fully running. Thus connection cannot be
made on the first try. Turning an external modem off and then back on while
the computer is off causes an initialization string that will also cause the
system to power on. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Wake On LAN or PCI Modem [Disabled]
Wake-On-LAN/PCI Modem allows your computer to be booted from another
computer via a network by sending a wake-up frame or signal. Configuration
options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
IMPORTANT: This feature requires an optional network interface with Wake-OnLAN and an ATX power supply with at least 720mA +5V standby power.
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4. BIOS SETUP
Wake Up by USB Device [Disabled]
When set to [Enabled], this field allows you to wake up the system by a
USB device ac tivity. This feature requires an ATX power supply that can
supply at least 1A on the +5VSB lead. The default is [Disabled] because not
all computer have the appropriate power supply. A computer without the
correct power supply will power up if you set this field to [Enabled].
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Wake Up by Keyboard [Space Bar]
This parameter allows you to use specific keys on the keyboard to power up
the computer. Configuration options: [Space Bar] [Ctrl-Esc] [Power Key]
Power Up on PS2 KB/Mouse [Disabled]
Set this field to [Enabled] if you want to use your PS/2 keyboard or PS/2
mouse to power up the computer. This feature requires an ATX power supply
that can supply at least 300mA on the +5VSB lead. The default is [Disabled]
because not all computer have the appropriate power supply. Configuration
options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4. BIOS SETUP
Power Up Control
Automatic Power Up [Disabled]
This allows an unattended or automatic system power up. You may configure
your system to power up at a certain time of the day by selecting [Everyday]
or at a certain time and day by selecting [By Date]. Configuration options:
[Disabled] [Everyday] [By Date]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.5.2 Hardware Monitor
MB Temperature [xxxC/xxxF]
CPU1/CPU2 Temperature [xxxC/xxxF]
JTPWR Temperature [xxxC/xxxF]
The onboard hardware monitor automatically detects the MB (motherboard),
CPU, and JTPWR (power supply) temperatures.
4. BIOS SETUP
Power Up Control
CPU Fan Speed [xxxxRPM]
Power Fan Speed [xxxxRPM]
Chassis Fan Speed [N/A]
The onboard hardware monitor automatically detects the speeds of the CPU
fan, chassis fan, and chassis fan measured in rotations per minute (RPM).
VCORE1/VCORE2 Voltage
+3.3V Voltage, +5V Voltage, +12V Voltage
The onboard hardware monitor automatically detects the voltage output
through the onboard voltage regulators.
NOTE: If any of the monitored items is out of range, the following error
message appears: “Hardware Monitor found an error. Enter Power setup
menu for details”. You will then be prompted to “Press F1 to continue or
DEL to enter SETUP”.
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.6 Boot Menu
Boot Sequence
4. BIOS SETUP
Hardware Monitor
The Boot menu allows you to select among the four possible types of boot
devices listed using the up and down arrow keys. By using the <+> or <Space>
key, you can promote devices and by using the <-> key, you can demote
devices. Promotion or demotion of devices alters the priority which the system
uses to search for a boot device on system power up. Configuration fields
include Removable Devices, IDE Hard Drive, ATAPI CD-ROM, and Other
Boot Device.
Removable Device [Legacy Floppy]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Legacy Floppy] [LS120] [ZIP]
[ATAPI MO]
IDE Hard Drive
This field allows you to select which IDE hard disk drive to use in the boot
sequence. Pressing [Enter] will show the product IDs of all connected IDE
hard disk drives.
ATAPI CD-ROM
This field allows you to select which ATAPI CD-ROM drive to use in the
boot sequence. Pressing [Enter] will show the product IDs of all your
connected ATAPI CD-ROM drives.
Other Boot Device Select [INT18 Device (Network)]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [SCSI Boot Device] [INT18 Device
(Network)]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Plug & Play O/S [No]
This field allows you to use a Plug-and-Play (PnP) operating system to
configure the PCI bus slots instead of using the BIOS. When [Yes] is selected,
interrupts may be reassigned by the OS. When a non-PnP OS is installed or
you want to prevent reassigning of interrupt settings, select the default setting
of [No]. Configuration options: [No] [Yes]
Reset Configuration Data [No]
The Extended System Configuration Data (ESCD) contain information about
non-PnP devices. It can also hold the complete record of how the system
was configured the last time it was booted. Select [Yes] only if you want to
clear these data during the Power-On Self Test (POST). Configuration
options: [No] [Yes]
Boot Virus Detection [Enabled]
This field allows you to set boot virus detection, ensuring a virus-free boot
sector. The system halts and displays a warning message when it detects a
virus. If this occurs, you can either allow the operation to continue or use a
virus-free bootable floppy disk to restart and investigate your system.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4. BIOS SETUP
Boot Menu
Quick Power On Self Test [Enabled]
This field speeds up the Power-On-Self Test (POST) routine by skipping
retesting a second, third, and fourth time. Configuration options: [Disabled]
[Enabled]
Boot Up Floppy Seek [Enabled]
When enabled, the BIOS will seek the floppy disk drive to determine whether
the drive has 40 or 80 tracks. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.7 Exit Menu
When you have made all of your selections from the various menus in the
Setup program, save your changes and exit Setup. Select Exit from the menu
bar to display the following menu:
NOTE: Pressing <Esc> does not immediately exit this menu. Select one of
the options from this menu or <F10> from the legend bar to exit this menu.
4. BIOS SETUP
Boot Menu
Exit Saving Changes
Once you are finished making your selections, choose this option from the
Exit menu to ensure the values you selected are saved to the CMOS RAM.
The CMOS RAM is sustained by an onboard backup battery and stays on
even when the PC is turned off. When you select this option, a confirmation
window appears. Select [Yes] to save changes and exit.
NOTE: If you attempt to exit the Setup program without saving your
changes, the program prompts you with a message asking if you want to
save your changes before exiting. Pressing <Enter> saves the changes while
exiting.
Exit Discarding Changes
Select this option only if you do not want to save the changes that you
made to the Setup program. If you made changes to fields other than system
date, system time, and password, the BIOS asks for a confirmation before
exiting.
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4. BIOS SETUP
Load Setup Defaults
This option allows you to load the default values for each of the parameters
on the Setup menus. When you select this option or if you press <F5>, a
confirmation window appears. Select [Yes] to load default values. Select
Exit Saving Changes or make other changes before saving the values to
the non-volatile RAM.
Discard Changes
This option allows you to discard the selections you made and restore the
previously saved values. After selecting this option, a confirmation appears.
Select [Yes] to discard any changes and load the previously saved values.
Save Changes
4. BIOS SETUP
Exit Menu
This option saves your selections without exiting the Setup program. You
can then return to other menus and make further changes. After you select
this option, a confirmation window appears. Select [Yes] to save any changes
to the non-volatile RAM.
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4. BIOS SETUP
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4. BIOS SETUP
Exit Menu
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.1 Install Operating System
You should always use the latest operating system and updates when using new
hardware to ensure full compliancy. You may use any version of Windows 98/2000/
Millenium, but for Windows 95, you must use OSR 2.0 or later. For Windows NT
4.0, you must use Service Pack 3.0 or later.
NOTE: To configure your system to use the RAID 0 or 1 option, you must run the
FastTrack133™ BIOS before installing the OS. Normally, this firmware will be
activated automatically upon first boot-up. If not, double check: 1) the RAID_EN
jumper, and 2) the BIOS default in the PCI Confiiguration sub-menu under the
Advanced menu: the “SCSI/Promise Boot Sequence” field should be set to [Promise/SCSI] and the “Load Onboard ATA BIOS” field should be [Enabled].
5.2 Start Windows
When you start Windows 98 for the first time after installing your motherboard,
Windows will detect all plug-and play devices. Follow the Add New Hardware Wizard to install all necessary device drivers. The system should auto-detect the
Promise Chip and the user should browse the support CD to install the RAID driver,
in the Promise driver folder: PDC20267. When prompted to restart, select No and
then follow all the setup procedures in this section.
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
NOTE: Because there are various motherboard settings, options, and expansion
cards, the following can only be used as a general reference and may not reflect
exactly the screen contents displayed on your screen.
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5.3 A7V266-EX Motherboard Support CD
NOTE: The support CD contents are subject to change at any time without notice.
To begin using your support CD disc, just insert it into your CD-ROM drive and the
support CD installation menu should appear. If the menu does not appear, doubleclick or run D:\ASSETUP.EXE (assuming that your CD-ROM drive is drive D:).
5.3.1 Installation Menu
•
•
•
•
•
•
5. S/W SETUP
Support CD
•
•
•
•
VIA 4 in 1 drivers: Installs PCI Bus Master IDE Driver, VIA AGP Driver, VIA
INF Driver, and IRQ Routing Driver.
C-Media PCI Audio Driver and Application: Installs the drivers for the
C-Media Audio Driver and the sound system to support the C-Media
Audio Chip and HRTF 3D Audio circuitry.
Promise FastTrack133 Controller: Installs the Promise Ultra 133 IDE
Controller Driver.
Winbond Smart Manager Application: Installs the Winbond Smart Card management application program.
ASUS PC Probe: Installs a smart utility to monitor your computer’s fan, temperature, and voltages.
ASUS Update: Instals a program that can help you update BIOS or download a
BIOS image file.
Microsoft DirectX Driver: Installs basic drivers to enable compatibility with
audio and other special functions.
PC-Cillin 2000 Vx.xx: Installs the PC-cillin virus protection software. View
online help for more information.
ADOBE Acrobat Reader Vx.xx: Installs the Adobe Acrobat Reader software
necessary to view user’s manuals saved in PDF format. Updated or other language versions of this motherboard's manual is available in PDF format at any
of our web sites.
Cyberlink Video and Audio Applications: Installs Cyberlink PowerPlayer SE
and Cyberlink VideoLive Mail.
(TO SEE THE NEXT PAGE, CLICK RIGHT ARROW ON THE LOWER-RIGHT CORNER OF THE
MAIN MENU)
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
•
•
•
•
ASUS Screen Saver: Installs the nifty ASUS screen saver.
E-Color 3Deep: Installs graphical driver and an application for tuning the
quality of color output from CRT and LCD monitors.
Show Motherboard Information: Allows you to view information about your
motherboard, such as product name, BIOS version, and CPU.
Browse Support CD: Allows you to view the contents of the CD.
ReadMe: Allows you to view the support CD file list and contact information.
Exit: Exits the CD installation menu.
( RETURN TO THE MAIN MENU, CLICK LEFT ARROW ON THE LOWER-RIGHT CORNER )
5. S/W SETUP
Support CD
•
•
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.4 Using the Promise Chip for RAID 0 or 1
The Promise® chip, PDC20276, onboard the A7V266-EX, offers a high performance
Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) configuration that supports only
UltraDMA-133/100/66/33, EIDE or FastATA-2 hard disks. After connecting two
hard disks to the motherboard, activating either RAID 0 or 1 function is easily
configured through the MBMBMBFastTrak133™ “Lite” firmware BIOS during boot
up. In addition, the support CD permits installation of system drivers according to
the Operating System (OS) on your computer. Read through this section in its entirety
before setting up a new RAID system.
RAID 0 is also known as “data striping.” Striping optimizes two identical hard disk
drives to read and write data in parallel, interleaved stacks. Two hard disks perform
the same work as a single drive, and at a sustained data transfer rate double that of a
single disk alone. The main advantage of a RAID 0 array is to improve the Speed
Performance of data access and storage. With FAT32 and NTFS partitioning, the
array will be addressed as one large volume.
RAID 1 is also known as “data mirroring.” Mirroring optimizes two identical hard
disk drives to copy all data from one hard disk drive to the other and vice versa. As
new data is written, it is duplicated onto both disks using a parallel write process.
The main advantage of RAID 1 is that it greatly increases Fault Tolerance of the
entire system, especially if each hard disk is connected separately to both ATA-133
IDE channels available on the A7V266-EX. Should one hard disk suffer mechanical
trouble, all system data will be preserved on the other drive.
5. S/W SETUP
RAID
IMPORTANT! Before setting up your new RAID array, verify the status of your
hard disks. It is possible to use a pre-existing hard disk for RAID 0 only if the data
is backed up before configuring the array as all hard disk data will be lost during the
set up. RAID 0 requires at least two hard disks for optimal results. It is possible to
use a pre-existing hard disk for RAID 1 to duplicate the source data; also, RAID 1
can set up two or more new disks. The Promise® chip, the FastTrak™ “Lite” BIOS
and the FastBuild™ Utility on the A7V266-EX permit only two disks to be configured
in RAID 0 or RAID 1 pairs and combinations; a third, “hot” spare hard disk may be
used to support a RAID 1 array; (see the end of this section for more detail). For
optimal performance, install only identical hard disks of the same model and storage
capacity. Use only UltraDMA-100/66 compatible IDE cables and connectors. The
Promise® chip also supports UltraDMA-133 specifications of up to 133 MB/sec per
disk, with or without multiple disk arrays up to four hard disks.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.4.1 Installing the Hard Disks
The RAID 0 setting allows users to reformat two hard disks with the same new OS
simultaneously. RAID 1 arrays can use a pre-existing hard disk along with a blank
hard disk, or two new hard disks.
1. Install the first and second hard disk into the hard disk bays of your system.
Connect each hard disk drive with a separate UltraDMA/100 cable, one to the
Promise IDE1 connector, and the other to the Promise IDE2 connector onboard
the A7V266-EX. NOTE: Do not connect any other types of IDE devices to the
Promise IDE connectors; they support hard disk drive devices only.
2. Connect the power cables to the hard disks.
3. Make sure the RAID_EN jumper is reset to [1-2] and, if available, ensure the
BIOS settings in the Advanced PCI Configuration sub-menu are set to enable
RAID arrays: “SCSI/ATA100 Boot Sequence” field should be set to [ATA100/
SCSI] and the “Load Onboard ATA BIOS” field should be set to [Auto].
4. Boot-up the PC.
5.4.2 Enter MBFastTrak133 BIOS and FastBuild Utility
1. If this is the first time booting with two hard disks correctly installed, then
MBFastTrak133™ “Lite” BIOS scans the IDE drives and displays this screen:
2. Press <Ctrl-F> keys to display the FastBuild™ Utility Main Menu:
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.31 (c) 1996-2000 Promise Technology, Inc.
5. S/W SETUP
RAID
[ Main Menu ]
Auto Setup . . . . . . . . . . [[ 11 ]]
View Drive Assignments . . . . [[ 22 ]]
View Array . . . . . . . . . . [[ 33 ]]
Delete Array . . . . . . . . . [[ 44 ]]
Rebuild Array. . . . . . . . . [[ 55 ]]
Controller Configuration . . . [[ 66 ]]
[ Keys Available ]
Press 1..6 to select Option
[ESC] Exit
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.4.3 Creating a RAID 0 Array
1. In the FastBuild™ Utility Main Menu, select Auto Setup [1]. The screen below
is displayed. The Auto Setup Options Menu configures hard disks for RAID 0
and RAID 1 arrays. These selections assign all available drives that are
appropriate for the new array and configures data formats and the IDE channels.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.31 (c) 1996-2000 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Auto Setup Options Menu ]
Optimize Array for:
Performance
Typical Application to use:
DESKTOP
[ Array Setup Configuration ]
Mode ........................................ Stripe
Spare Drive.................................. 0
Drive(s) Used in Array....................... 2
Array Disk Capacity (size in MB)............. 29299
[ Keys Available ]
[ ] Up
[ ] Down
[ , ,Space] Change Option
[ESC] Exit [CTRL-Y] Save
5. S/W SETUP
RAID
2. Go to the field Optimize Array for: and select Performance using the arrow
and space keys. The Mode field displays Stripe.
3. Then go to the Typical Application Menu. Three options are available: A/V
Editing, DESKTOP, or Server. These selections determine how data blocks are
managed to enhance performance. A/V Editing is intended for audio/video
applications, or similar programs that require larger file transfers; Desktop
combines large and small file sizes; Server is for numerous file transfers.
4. After making the selection, use <Ctrl-Y> to save it. FastBuild™ automatically
constructs the RAID 0 array.
5. Then the command appears: “Press Any Key to Reboot.” Reboot the system and
the MBFastTrak133™ “Lite” BIOS checks and displays the status of the new
array:
6. To finish installation of your new Operating System to the RAID 0 array, reboot
with a floppy disk to format the hard disks with the FDISK command and then
install the OS from a CD; alternatively, with a bootable OS CD, you may install
the new OS automatically. As you install the OS, the system always treats the
RAID 0 array of hard disks as if they are a single drive unit.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.4.4 Creating a RAID 1 Array
1. In the FastBuild™ Utility Main Menu, select Auto Setup [1].
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.31 (c) 1996-2000 Promise Technology, Inc.
Optimize Array for:
[ Auto Setup Options Menu ]
Security
Typical Application to use:
Not Available
[ Array Setup Configuration ]
Mode ........................................ Mirror
Spare Drive.................................. 0
Drive(s) Used in Array....................... 2
Array Disk Capacity (size in MB)............. 14645
[ Keys Available ]
[ ] Up
[ ] Down
[ , ,Space] Change Option
[ESC] Exit [CTRL-Y] Save
2. Go to the field Optimize Array for: and select Security. The Mode field displays
Mirror.
3. After making the selection, use <Ctrl-Y> to save it. FastBuild™ offers a choice
between two options. Use <Y> for Create and Duplicate to mirror a pre-existing
hard disk formatted with data that you want to save on both hard disks; (Go to
step 4.) Use <N> for Create Only if using two new hard disks to configure a
new RAID 1 mirrored array; (Go to step 6.)
Do you want the disk image to be
duplicated to another?(Yes/No)
Y -Create and Duplicate
N -Create Only
4. If selecting <Y>, for Create and Duplicate, this screen will be displayed:
Channel:ID
------
[ Source DiSk ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
(MB)
---------------------
Channel:ID
------
[ Target Disk ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
(MB)
---------------------
5. S/W SETUP
RAID
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.31 (c) 1996-2000 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Please Select A Source Disk ]
Channel:ID
Drive Model
1:Mas ST3322IA
1:Sla ST3322IA
Capacity (MB)
(MB)
3077
3077
[ Keys Available ]
[ ] Up
[ ] Down
[ESC] Exit
[Enter] Select
Select
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5. The utility prompts: Please Select A Source Disk. Choose the pre-existing hard
disk as the source and then a new, blank hard disk as the target. Then select
<Ctrl-Y> to save the selection. The utility prompts a choice between <Y> to
continue and <N> to stop and escape. Choosing <Y> begins to duplicate the
source hard disk onto the target hard disk.
6. To configure two new blank hard disks in a RAID 1 array, choose <N> for
Create Only; (At step 3). The FastBuild™ utility configures the RAID 1 array
and a message appears: Array has been created... <Press Any Key to REBOOT>
7. Rebooting the system allows the MBFastTrak133™ “Lite” BIOS to display the
status of your new array:
8. If duplicating an original Operating System to another new hard disk, the system
will start up automatically. If creating a brand new RAID 1 array only, it will be
necessary to intstall a new OS. Reboot with a rescue floppy disk to format the
hard disks with the FDISK command and then install the OS from a CD;
alternatively, with a bootable OS CD, install the new OS automatically.
5. S/W SETUP
RAID
NOTES for Troubleshooting Array Set Ups:
Always use two separate UltraDMA/100 cables for linking each of two hard disks to
the Primary DMA-100 and the Secondary DMA-100 connectors. Usually, a two
disk array will set up properly if both sets of hard disk jumpers are set to Master.
However, it may be necessary to reset the jumpers on each of the hard disks; in such
cases, try Master for the Source disk, and Master/Slave or Slave for the Target disk.
Also, if a Source hard disk larger than the Target disk is selected, the FastBuild™
utility suggests using a larger or equal size disk for the Target instead. During reboots
after configuring a RAID array, the IDE scan process determines if the system is
working okay. Normally the MBFastTrak133™ “Lite” BIOS displays system status
as Functional after rebooting the new RAID array. However, two warnings may
appear: Critical indicates that one or more drives in the array are not functional, or
are disconnected. In this case, enter the FastBuild™ Utitility to diagnose the problem
and replace the faulty drive. The second warning, Offline, indicates that one hard
disks in a striped array has failed, cannot be detected, or has become disconnected.
In this case, adjust or replace the hard disk if necessary and rebuild data from a backup source.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.4.5 Other FastBuild Utility Commands
Command options 3-6 on the FastBuild™ Utility Main Menu are not required for
setting up an array, but they are useful for modifying or reconfiguring an array:
View Array (3): View the drive assignments of hard disks in an array.
Delete Array (4): Deletes an array to reconfigure the system. Deleting an array
does not remove information on the hard disks. If an array is deleted by mistake,
recover it immediately by redefining it as the deleted array.
Rebuild Array (5): This command restores the array and system data after faults on
RAID 1 arrays. Follow the steps below to rebuild and restore data in the array:
1. On boot-up, an error message notifies of a system failure.
2. Press <Ctrl-F> keys to enter the FastBuild™Main Menu.
3. Select <3> for View Array to verify the ID of the defunct hard disk.
4. Power off the system and replace the hard disk with an identical model.
5. Reboot and enter the FastBuild™ Main Menu again.
6. Select <5> for Rebuild Array. The malfunctioning array is highlighted.
Press <Enter> to select it:
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.31 (c) 1996-2000 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Rebuild Array Menu ]
Array No
RAID Mode
Array
Array
Array
Array
Mirror
-------------
1
2
3
4
Total Drv
Capacity
2
-------------
1628
-------------
Status
Critical
-------------
[ Keys Available ]
[ ] Up
[ ] Down
[ESC] Exit
[Enter] Select
5. S/W SETUP
RAID
7. Select the replacement drive. Press <Enter>:
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.31 (c) 1996-2000 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Rebuild Array Menu ]
Array No
RAID Mode
Array
Mirror
1
Total Drv
Status
2
Critical
Stripe Block: Not Available
[ Select Drive for Rebuild ]
Channel: ID
Drive Model
1: Slave
ST3322IA
Capacity (MB)
3077
[ Keys Available ]
[ ] Up
[ ] Down
[ESC] Exit
[Enter] Select
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
8. Confirm the command to copy data from the intact source hard disk onto a new
replacement hard disk. A progress gauge displays the copy progress for the
duration of the task.
9. After the rebuild is complete, the user is prompted to reboot the system.
Controller Configuration (6): Default for Controller Configuration is: [enabled].
5.4.6 Alternative Set Ups and Other Details
Hot Spares
A hot spare hard disk may be installed to support a RAID 1 array. This spare hard
disk must share one of the UltraDMA/100 cables attached to either of the hard disks
active in a RAID 1 array. In the event of a failure of either active hard disk in the
array, the “Lite” BIOS detects the hot spare and automatically rebuilds the mirrored
data from the functional hard disk. The FastBuild Utility will report a warning
message after such a hard disk failure; it may indicate that the good hard disk and
the hot spare are connected to the same cable, so then it will be necessary to transfer
the hot spare to the other cable and reboot again.
RAID
5. S/W SETUP
Use Both ATA-133 Connectors
Optimal performance for RAID 0 and 1 arrays require that each hard disk be connected
to separate IDE channels; the first hard disk should be connected to the Primary
ATA-133 connector and the second hard disk, to the Secondary ATA-133 connector.
Adding Extra Hard Disks
The A7V266-EX is supplied with two additional Primary IDE and Secondary IDE
connectors. Only two hard disks connected to the Primary and Secondary DMA100 IDE connectors can function in a RAID 0 or RAID 1 array. Extra hard disks
may be connected to the system using the onboard IDE connectors, but such disks
cannot be configured in a RAID array. In principle, up to eight hard disks or other
IDE devices may connect to the A7V266-EX. Whether an array is set up or not, all
hard disks connected to the A7V266-EX will function at the ATA-133 protocol.
Use DMA-133/100, High-RPM Hard Disks with Identical Storage Capacity
The fastest available hard disks should be used in the RAID 0 array to maximize
performance. Slower hard disks may be used; however, the RAID 0 array can only
double the speed of particular hard disks. Since you can achieve better performance
with a single ATA-133 hard disk than with two ATA-33 disks in a RAID 0 array, it is
more effective to install two ATA-133/100/66 high-RPM hard disks for an array.
Hard disks used for both RAID 0 and 1 arrays should always have the same storage
capacity because the RAID protocol automatically formats both disks to use only up
to the maximum write space available on the smaller of two different hard disks.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.5 Manual Installation of IDE/RAID Drivers
The A7V266-EX support CD contains several IDE and RAID 0 or 1 drivers in the
Promise folder, including Windows, NetWare and Nt4. Below follow two popular
OS installations. The others are available on the support CD.
5.5.1 Win9x-ME Promise® MBFastTrak133 Speed BIOS
1. Ensure the Support CD-ROM is in the CD Drive and press “Start” button.
2. Move highlight bar to “Settings” and select “Control Panel”.
3. Double click on “System” icon.
4. Select “Device Manager” page.
5. View device by type and find “Other devices” node.
4. Select the “PCI Mass Storage Controller” node and then click “Properties.”
6. Please select [General] page to reinstall driver or select [Driver] page to update
the driver.
7. Follow the instruction to insert your Windows CD or ASUS support CD to
install the driver.
(Driver Location: {CD-ROM driver}:\Promise\Raid0or1\Win9x-ME)
5.5.2 Win2000 Promise® MBFastTrak133™Lite/Simple
Controller Driver
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
5. S/W SETUP
RAID
1. Right click “My Computer” icon on the desktop. Select “Properties” when the
menu appears. Or you can Press “Start” button. Move highlight bar to
“Settings” and select: “Control Panel”. Double click on “System” icon.
2. Select “Hardware” page and then click [Device Manager] button.
3. View device by type and find “Other devices” node.
4. Right Click the “Mass Storage Controller” node.
5. When the menu appears, click the “Properties” item.
6. Please select select [Driver] page to update driver.
7. Press Next while “Upgrade Device Driver Wizard” window appears.
8. Choose “Select for a suitable driver for my device(recommended)” option and
then press Next.
9. Select “Specify a location” check box.
10. Type or browse the path {CD-ROM Drive}:\Promise\Raid0or1\Win2000 to
the driver and click OK.
11. Press Next.
12. Press Yes.
13. Finally, press Finish to complete the installation.
14. Please restart you computer for these changes to take effect.
(Driver Location: {CD-ROM driver}:\Promise\Raid0or1\Win2000)
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6. S/W REFERENCE
6.1 Winbond Smart Manager
The Winbond Smart Manager is a clever utility that helps secure the PC
with a smart card containing a mini-chip insert, like a GSM cell phone SIM
card. Once a smart card reader is configured, set up the Smart Manager
software utility for “boot up” or “always on” system security.
6.1.1 Setting Up Smart Manager
Connect the smart card reader to the A7V266-EX; (refer to page 41 in
Hardware Setup for the connector location.) Boot up the PC and enter
BIOS (press <del>) to change the configuration to accept smart card
hardware: in the Advanced BIOS menu select the I/O Device Configuration
sub-menu, go to UART2 and select Smart Card Read, save and exit.
Finish booting up. Insert the ASUS Support CD and click on the selection:
Winbond Smart Manager Application. The auto-installer prompts to
install the Base Components and after doing show displays a readme file.
Next, immediately install the Smart Card Driver Library as prompted.
Finally, install the Winbond Smart Manager application as prompted.
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Smart Manager
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
Smart Manager
The auto-installer implements all of
the drivers, base components and
displays the Winbond Smart Manager
program groups. Restart. Windows
should auto-detect the smart card
reader and install its system drivers.
NOTE: Do not install system components or Winbond applications unless you
install a smart card reader, (see page 7). Smart card system software components support various types of smart card applications; all system components
are compatible with Windows 98, ME and 2000. However, the Windbond Smart
Manager application is readily compatible only with Windows 98 and ME.
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6.1.2 Starting to Use Smart Manager
After installing the software, start
Windbond Smart Manager for the first
time: select the Programs menu from
the Start bar and select the Windbond
program group. When you click the
program application, an icon is created
for the Logon Smart Card software
in the bottom right hand corner of the
screen.
The new icon resembles a key.
Right click on the icon and select
Setting Logon Smart Card.
Click the Add New button
and then select the type of
card you are using. Insert
the smart card into the
card reader, then enter your
name and any remarks into
the fields. Click OK.
The card reader detects the
smart card ID. Smart
Manager registers the
smart card for security
capability and prompts to
click OK. The card’s
security status is displayed
in the main program
window.
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Smart Manager
Smart Manager
6. S/W REFERENCE
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
Return to the Windbond Smart Manager icon on the bottom right hand
corner of the Windows screen. Select the Logon Card Check Mode to
choose the security mode. Three basic modes are available:
1. Disable Check renders the Smart Manager security system inoperative.
2. Boot Check enables the Smart Manager security system for start up.
The user must insert the smart card into the reader during start up in order to
complete the Windows boot up process. In this mode, the user may
remove the smart card and continue to use the PC after the start cycle is
complete. If no smart card, or the wrong one, is inserted during boot up, the
PC displays the Smart Manager Protection Screen:
Whenever the Smart Manager
Protection Screen is displayed,
the computer is secured and
impenetrable.
3. Always Check configures the Smart Manager to require that the user
insert the smart card during start up; then, if the card is removed at any time
during the operation of the PC, the Smart Manager protection screen will
automatically pop up and the PC is secure until the card is reinserted.
File Protect Check Mode: This is a sub-program used to encrypt and
decode individual files stored in the system using a smart card as a key.
NOTE: Do take care not to lose your smart card or you may not be able
to restart the PC or decode encrypted files. Test each new smart card to
ensure that it is completely compatible with the card reader; the Read2In-01 Smart Card Reader is designed only to read cards with the
standard PC/SC mini-chip configuration.
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PC Probe
6. S/W REFERENCE
Smart Manager
6.1.3 Smart Manager Modes
PC Probe
6. S/W REFERENCE
6.2 ASUS PC Probe
ASUS PC Probe is a convenient utility to continuously monitor your
computer system’s vital components, such as fan rotations, Voltages, and
temperatures. It also has a utility that lets you review useful information
about your computer, such as hard disk space, memory usage, and CPU
type, CPU speed, and internal/external frequencies through the DMI
Explorer.
6.2.1 Starting ASUS PC Probe
When ASUS PC Probe starts, a splash screen appears allowing you to select
whether or not to show the screen the next time you open PC Probe. To
bypass this startup screen, clear the Show up in next execution check box.
To start ASUS PC Probe, click the Windows Start button, point to Programs, and then ASUS Utility, and then click Probe Vx.xx.
will appear on the taskbar’s system tray indicating
The PC Probe icon
that ASUS PC Probe is running. Clicking the icon will allow you to see the
status of your PC.
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PC Probe
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
Monitoring
Monitor Summary
Shows a summary of the items being
monitored.
Temperature Monitor
Shows the PC’s temperature.
Temperature Warning
threshold adjustment
(Move the slider up to increase the
threshold level or down to decrease
the threshold level)
Fan Monitor
Shows the PC’s fan rotation.
Fan Warning
threshold adjustment
(Move the slider up to increase the
threshold level or down to decrease
the threshold level)
Voltage Monitor
Shows the PC’s voltages.
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PC Probe
PC Probe
6. S/W REFERENCE
6.2.2 Using ASUS PC Probe
6. S/W REFERENCE
PC Probe
Settings
Lets you set threshold levels and polling
intervals or refresh times of the PC’s temperature, fan rotation, and voltages.
CPU Cooling System Setup
Lets you select when to enable software
CPU cooling. When When CPU Overheated is selected, the CPU cooling system is enabled whenever the CPU temperature reaches the threshold value.
History
Lets you record the current monitoring
activity of a certain component of your
PC for future reference.
Information
Hard Drives
Shows the used and free space of the PC’s
hard disk drives and the file allocation
table or file system used.
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
PC Probe
Memory
Shows the PC’s memory load, memory
usage, and paging file usage.
Device Summary
Shows a summary of devices in your PC.
DMI Explorer
Shows information pertinent to the PC,
such as CPU type, CPU speed, and internal/external frequencies, and memory
size.
Utility
Lets you run programs outside of the
ASUS Probe modules. To run a program,
click Execute Program.
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PC Probe
6. S/W REFERENCE
6.2.3 ASUS PC Probe Task Bar Icon
Right-clicking the PC Probe icon
will bring up a menu to open or
exit ASUS PC Probe and pause or
resume all system monitoring.
When the ASUS PC Probe senses
a problem with your PC, portions
of the ASUS PC Probe icon
changes to red, the PC speaker
beeps, and the ASUS PC Probe
monitor is displayed.
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PC Probe
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
The C-Media PCI Audio Driver and Applications are located on the
Support CD. Installing the programs enables the multi-channel audio
feature. Note: You must use 4 or 6 channel speakers for this setup.
6.3.1 The C-Media Audio Mixer
1. The C-Media Mixer
Icon appears on the
bottom right of the screen, or the Mixer
may be turned on from the PCI Audio
Applications & Audio Rack groups on the
Main Program menu using the Windows Start button:
Click on the icon to display the C-Media Audio Mixer:
2. The Advanced button activates the
Speaker, Volume, Sound Effects and
Options menus. The Speaker menu
offers various configurations for your
speaker system. This menu enables the
Line-In and Mic-In audio jacks on the
back panel to setup additional speakers
for 4 and 6-Channel Audio.
6.3.2 The C-Media Audio Demo Program
1. The Audio Demo program offers an easy way to test and tune your new
speaker system. Activate the
Multi-Channel Audio Demo
program from the PCI Audio
Applications group on the
Main Program menu using the
Windows Start button:
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LiveUpdate
6. S/W REFERENCE
Multi-Channel Audio
6.3 Multi-Channel Audio Feature Setup
2. The PCI Multi-Channel Audio Demo has several Demos to help fine
tune your PC speaker system. The Help menu features several pages of
instructions and hardware diagrams
to help configure and test the
system. To activate the Speaker
Channel Configuration Menu,
point your mouse arrow and click on
the TV box.
3. The Speaker Channel Configuration
Menu displays all the options
available to help tune the multichannel audio system even more
precisely.
6.3.3 Connector Configuration
The chart below displays the configurations for
the line connectors on the yellow MIDI/Game/
Audio connector port located on the
back panel. The three female connectors are
available for use in the 6-Channel audio
system.
Line Out Line In Mic
Connector Settings and Functions
Headphone/
2-Speaker
4-Speaker
6-Speaker
Lime
Line Out/
Front Spkr Out
Line Out/
Front Spkr Out
Line Out/
Front Spkr Out
Light Blue
Line In
Rear Speaker Out Rear Speaker Out
Pink
Mic In
Mic In
Center Speaker Out,
Sub-woofer
Note: See 7 in Section 3, Motherboard settings for the Bass/Center Jumper
settings to fine tune the output signals.
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Multi-Channel Audio
6. S/W REFERENCE
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
LiveUpdate
6. S/W REFERENCE
6.4 ASUS Live Update
ASUS LiveUpdate is a utility that allows you to update your motherboard’s
BIOS and drivers. The use of this utility requires that you are properly connected to the Internet through an Internet Service Provider (ISP).
1. Start ASUS Update
Launch the utility from your Windows Start
menu:Programs/AsusUpdate
2. Select an update method.
3. If you selected updating/downloading
from the Internet, you will need to select
an Internet site. Choose the site that is
closest to you or click Auto Select.
4. From the FTP site, select the BIOS
version that you wish to download. Click
Next.
5. Follow the instructions on the succeeding screens to complete the update
process. If you selected the option to
update the BIOS from a file, a window
pops up prompting you to locate the file.
Select the file, click Save, then follow the
screen instructions to complete the update
process.
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
6.5 3Deep Color Tuner
The 3-Deep color tuner is designed to match your CRT or LCD color
monitor to maximize the color quality of all graphical applications. Users
may also tune their internet applications to match “true” internet source
colors with the color displayed on the monitor.
Simply run the setup program from the start menu and follow the instructions on the various setup/test screens.
6.5.1 3Deep Color Tuning
1. Select the type of monitor connected
to the computer, either CRT or
LCD.
2. Follow the instructions to manually
adjust the brightness level of the
monitor.
3. Select the faintest of the three
colors: blue, red and green.
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6. S/W REFERENCE
4. Select the color squares which most
closely blend and match with the
background.
5. The next step repeats
the color matching
process to achieve full
color quality.
6. The tuning process is complete. Click on the bottom left button to
connect to the internet and follow the instructions.
6.5.2 The 3Deep Control Panel
Using the Windows Start button, activate the 3Deep Control Panel
program from the 3Deep Applications group on the Main Program menu.
The control panel offers access to the
Color Wizard tuning program, a
Game Gamma setting and a Tweak
slider for brightness adjustment.
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6. S/W REFERENCE
Cyberlink
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6.6 CyberLink PowerPlayer SE
CyberLink PowerPlayer SE is an intelligent software player that can automatically
detect and playback all kinds of video/audio files, CD and MP3 files as well. This is
the only software you need for all types of video and audio files. No need to waste
time identifying your file types.
6.6.1 Starting CyberLink PowerPlayer SE
To start CyberLink Power Player, click the Windows Start button, point
to Programs, and then CyberLink PowerPlayer SE, and then click
PowerPlayer.
6.6.2 CyberLink PowerPlayer Control Panel
Minimize
Zoom
Eject
Help
Power Off
About
Stop
Backward Scan
Forward Scan
Backstep Frame
Previous
Step Frame
Next
Play
Stop
Configuration
i-Power!
Increase Volume
Mute
Decrease Volume
CD Mode
Shuffle
Karaoke
Capture frame
Next angle
Next audio stream
Next subtitle
Add bookmark
Go-Up
Repeat
Menu
Go to bookmark
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
Cyberlink
6.7 CyberLink VideoLive Mail
CyberLink’s VideoLive Mail Plus Ver 3.0 (a.k.a. VLM 3) is a convenient and excellent way to create professional quality video mails from PC video/audio input devices and to send the mails to any recipients via VLM 3’s built-in e-mail system
through the Internet. VLM 3’s mails comprise video, sound, or snapshot information; and thus may convey the most profound information to target audiences. It is
very convenient for mail recipients who do not need to install additional software
component in order to view VLM 3 mails.
VLM 3 works as a very applicant sales tool. It efficiently delivers profound and live
product information to your target customers without costing a fortune. VLM 3 also
helps corporate managers easily give vivid speeches and broadcast through corporate E-mail system. For personal or home users, VLM 3 easily records live video
clips allowing users to send them to friends or family members across the Internet.
VLM 3 loads video messages from PC cameras, digital camcorders, analog camcorder
via video capture cards, or from an existing AVI video clips, and captures audio
messages from PC microphones. Video and audio messages are encoded at a very
high compressed rate in a real-time mode. From data input, data conversion, to
sending video mails via Internet, or saving data to disks, the whole procedure is
done in an easy and continuous process.
VLM 3’s video clip compression rate is up to 1:900, and its playback rate is up to 30
frame per second. VLM 3 provides CIF (352 x 288 pixel) display resolution, and
support true color configuration. A one-minute video mail with QCIF (176 x 144)
resolution takes up less than 500KB of memory, making it easy to transmit and save
mail. Users may always adjust resolution and recording parameters for different
purpose.
VLM 3 supports all the hardware devices that are compliant with Video for Windows standard. Video for Windows is a well-accepted and well-tested standard. Thus,
users do not have to worry about compatibility issues.
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
Cyberlink
6.7.1 Starting VideoLive Mail
To start VideoLive Mail, click the Windows Start button, point to Programs, and
then CyberLink VideoLive Mail, and then click VideoLive Mail x.x. VLM 3’s
Setup Wizard will start and guide you through configuring the video and audio input
peripherals and to setup the e-mail environment.
1. Setup Wizard first will prompt a dialog to confirm that you want to configure
the hardware and E-mail setting. Click Yes to continue the system parameter
configuration.
2. The e-mail configuration screen appears. You will need to enter your name and
the e-mail address. Click Next to continue.
3. The Internet e-mail configuration screen appears. You may choose to use the
VLM 3 built-in E-mail functionality (SMTP mail), or use MAPI compliant email system. Consult your ISP or MIS staff for the E-mail server IP address if
you are not sure. Click Next to continue.
4. Then the Video Configuration screen shows up. You may have to specify the
video driver for VLM 3, if there are several video-input devices installed. Then
configure the number of video frames to be captured per second. Note that the
more frames you choose, the bigger the file size will be. Click Next to continue.
5. Then the Setup Wizard will then search for the GSM CODECS module for audio compression, and prompt you with the result. Click Next to continue.
6. Setup Wizard then tests the audio volume during playing and recording. Click
Next when ready.
7. Configuration done. Click Finish to complete the environmental setting procedure.
6.7.2 CyberLink VideoLive Mail User Interface
Exit
Minimize
Help
Video Mail Wizard
Start Playback
Snapshot to File
Stop Recording / Playback
Video Configuration
Start Recording
Pause
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
Save Video File
Send Mail
Load Video File
Send Mail
Increase MIC volume
Decrease MIC volume
Increase speaker volume
Decrease speaker volume
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7. APPENDIX
7.1 Modem Riser
7.1.1 56K Software Modem
Layout of Primary
Top:
7.1.2 Primary/Seconday MR
There are two types of modem risers: primary
MR and secondary MR. In appearance, the primary MR has a crystal onboard but the secondary does not. If your motherboard has an audio
codec and no PCI audio chipset onboard, you
may use the secondary MR; otherwise, you
should use the primary MR.
7. APPENDIX
Modem Riser
The Modem Riser (MR) is a high-speed PC
communication peripheral which works with
AMC’97/MC’97 compliant codecs. With this
software modem, you can connect your computer to a remote location, receiving data at up
to 56 Kbps in V.90 or K56flex modes.
Codec
PHONE
Bottom:
LINE
Crystal
7.1.3 Hardware Installation Procedure
1. Power OFF your computer.
2. Open the computer chassis and remove the metal plate on the AMR expansion slot.
3. Carefully align the MR card’s connector to the AMR slot and press firmly.
4. Secure the MR card onto the chassis
with the screw removed in step 2.
5. Connect the MR card’s LINE connector to a telephone wall jack. Connect
the PHONE connector to a telephone
(optional).
6. Replace the computer chassis.
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7. APPENDIX
7.1.4 Software Setup in Windows 98
The Modem Riser supports the Plug and Play feature. It allows your computer to
automatically set the optimal configurations for the MR and communication software.
Follow the procedure below to install the modem driver.
1. Power ON the computer after the hardware installation is completed.
7. APPENDIX
Modem Riser
2. Windows 98 will automatically detect the
modem and display a “PCI Card” message under “Add New Hardware Found”.
3. Select Search for the best driver for
your device and click Next.
4. Insert the Support CD that came with
your motherboard into your CD-ROM
drive. Enter the path E:\Modem\Win98
(assuming that your CD-ROM drive is
drive E:) for the MR driver.
5. After the driver is located, click Next
and then click Finish.
6. Restart your computer. Double click the
modem icon at the bottom-right corner
of the window.
7. Click the Settings tab. Select your country and language. Click OK.
8. Click Start, point to Settings, click
Control Panel, double click Modems,
click the General tab, and click
Motorala SM56 AC-L Modem.
9. Click Diagnostic and then click the
designated COM port as shown.
10. Click More Info.... If the computer system successfully communicates with the
modem, responses will be displayed as
shown.
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7. APPENDIX
7.2 Glossary
Bus
Bus Frequency
Bandwidth
Data Transfer Rate
PCI
AGP 1X
AGP 2X
AGP 4X
33MHz
66MHz
66MHz
66MHz
33MHz
66MHz
133MHz
266MHz
133MByte/sec
266MByte/sec
512MByte/sec
1024MByte/sec
7 . APPENDIX
Glossary
1394
1394 is the IEEE designation for a high performance serial bus tht offers data transfers at 100/
200/400 Mbps. This serial bus defines both a back plane physical layer and a point-to-point
cable-connected virtual bus. The primary application of the cable version is the integration of
I/O connectivity at the back panel of personal computers using a low-cost, scalable, highspeed serial interface. The 1394 standard also provides new services such as live connect/
disconnect capability for external devices including disk drives, printers and hand-held peripherals such as scanners and cameras. This is a new standard to complement the slower
USB interface and to compete with the more expensive SCSI interface.
AC97 (Audio Codec '97)
AC '97 is the next step in enabling PCs with audio quality comparable to consumer electronics devices. The specification defines new cost-effective options to help integrate the components necessary to support next-generation auto-intensive PC applications such as DVD, 3-D
multiplayer gaming and interactive music. The specification also defines new extensions supporting modem and docking to help both desktop and mobile manufacturers adopt these new
technologies more quickly and cost-effectively. This specification uses software emulation to
compete with the PCI SoundBlaster specification.
ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)
The ACPI specification defines a cross-platform interface designed to support many operating systems. ACPI defines a flexible and abstract hardware interface that provides a standard
way to integrate power management features throughout a PC system, including hardware,
operating system and application software. This enables the system to automatically turn ON
and OFF peripherals such as CD-ROMs, network cards, hard disk drives, and printers, as well
as consumer devices connected to the PC such as VCRs, TVs, phones, and stereos. With this
technology, peripherals will also be able to activate the PC. For example, inserting a tape into
a VCR can turn on the PC, which could then activate a large-screen TV and high-fidelity
sound system.
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port)
An interface specification that enables high-performance 3D graphics on mainstream PCs.
AGP was designed to offer the necessary bandwidth and latency to perform texture mapping
directly from system memory.
Backup. A copy of a file, directory, or volume on a separate storage device from the original.
This copy is for the purpose of data retrieval in case the original is accidentally erased, damaged, or destroyed.
BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)
BIOS is a set of routines that affect how the computer transfers data between computer components, such as memory, disks, and the display adapter. The BIOS instructions are built into
the computer’s read-only memory. BIOS parameters can be configured by the user through
the BIOS Setup program. The BIOS can be updated using the provided utility to copy a new
BIOS file into the EEPROM.
Bit (Binary Digit)
Represents the smallest unit of data used by the computer. A bit can have one of two values:
0 or 1.
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7. APPENDIX
7. APPENDIX
Glossary
Boot
Boot means to start the computer operating system by loading it into system memory. When
the manual instructs you to “boot” your system (or computer), it means to turn ON your
computer. “Reboot” means to restart your computer. When using Windows 95 or later, selecting “Restart” from “Start | Shut Down...” will reboot your computer.
Bus Master IDE
PIO (Programmable I/O) IDE requires that the CPU be involved in IDE access and waiting
for mechanical events. Bus master IDE transfers data to/from the memory without interrupting the CPU. Bus master IDE driver and bus master IDE hard disk drives are required to
support bus master IDE mode.
Byte (Binary Term)
One byte is a group of eight contiguous bits. A byte is used to represent a single alphanumeric
character, punctuation mark, or other symbol.
Cache Memory. A type of RAM that allows a faster from the CPU than a regular RAM. The
cache memory eliminates the CPU wait state. When the CPU reads data from the main memory,
a copy of this data is stored in the cache memory. The next time the same address, the data is
transferred from the cache memory instead of from the main memory.
CODEC (Compressor/Decompressor). A software component that translates video or audio between its uncompressed form and the compressed form in which it is stored.
COM Port
COM is a logical device name used by to designate the computer serial ports. Pointing devices, modems, and infrared modules can be connected to COM ports. Each COM port is
configured to use a different IRQ and address assignment.
Concurrent PCI
Concurrent PCI maximizes system performance with simultaneous CPU, PCI and ISA bus
activities. It includes multi-transaction timing, enhanced write performance, a passive release
mechanism and support for PCI 2.1 compliant delayed transactions. Concurrent PCI provides
increased bandwidth, reduced system latencies, improves video and audio performance, and
improves processing of host based applications.
CPU (Central Processing Unit)
The CPU, sometimes called “Processor,” actually functions as the “brain” of the computer. It
interprets and executes program commands and processes data stored in memory. Currently,
there are socket 370 (for Pentium III FC-PGA and Celeron-PPGA), socket 7 (for Pentium,
AMD, Cyrix, IBM), slot 1 (for Pentium II and III), slot 2 (for Xeon), and slot A (for AMD)
processors.
Device Driver
A device driver is a special set of instructions that allows the computer’s operating system to
communicate with devices such as VGA, audio, printer, or modem.
DOS (Disk Operating System)
DOS is the foundation on which all other programs and software applications operate, including Windows. DOS is responsible for allocating system resources such as memory, CPU
time, disk space, and access to peripheral devices. For this reason, DOS constitutes the basic
interface between you and your computer.
DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory)
A type of RAM that requires refresh cycles to prevent the loss of the data stored in it.
There are several different types of DRAM such as, EDO DRAM (Extended Data Output
DRAM), SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM), and RDRAM (Rambus DRAM) and DDR DRAM,
(Double-Data Rate DRAM).
Flash ROM
non-volatile memory device that retains its data even when power is removed. This device is
similar to EPROM, but unlike EPROM which can be erased only using an ultra-violet light,
flash ROM can be electrically erased. Flash ROM is normally used for system BIOS, which
initiates hardware devices and sets up necessary parameters for the OS. Since the flash ROM
contents can be modified, users can easily update the BIOS..
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7. APPENDIX
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7 . APPENDIX
Glossary
IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics)
IDE devices integrate the drive control circuitry directly on the drive itself, eliminating the
need for a separate adapter card (in the case for SCSI devices). UltraDMA/33 IDE devices
can achieve up to 33MB/Sec transfer.
I/O (Input/Output)
The data transfers from the input devices like a keyboard, mouse, or scanner, to the output
devices like a printer or the monitor screen.
I/O Address
The specific memory location for a particular device. Two devices cannot share the same I/O
address space.
IrDA (Infrared Data Association)
An internaltional organization that creates and promotes inter-operable, low cost, infrared
data interconnection standards that support a walk-up, point-to-point model. The IrDA protocol is designed to support transmission of data between two devices over short-range pointto-point infrared at speeds between 9.6Kbps and 4Mbps.
ISP (Internet Service Provider)
A company that provides customer access to the Internet and the World Wide Web for a fee.
The ISP also provides Internet utilities and services like e-mail, newsgroup, weather reports,
and a host of others. The user can connect to the ISP using a modem installed in the computer
and connected to a phone line.
LPT Port (Line Printer Port)
Logical device name reserved by DOS for the computer parallel ports. Each LPT port is
configured to use a different IRQ and address assignment.
MMX
A set of 57 new instructions designed to accelerate multimedia and communications applications, such as 3D video, 3D sound, video conference.
Modem
A device that allows a computer to talk to another computer through the phone system.
Network
An interconnected computer system linked by telephone wires, or other means.
OnNow
The OnNow design initiative is a comprehensive, system-wide approach to system and device power control. OnNow is a term for PC that is always ON but appears OFF and responds
immediately to user or other requests. The OnNow design initiative involves changes that
will occur in the Microsoft Windows operating system, device drivers, hardware, and applications, and also relies on the changes defined in the Advanced Configuration and Power
Interface (ACPI) specification.
PC100/133
This is an industry-standard designation for memory capacity as a measure of the speed of the
memory bus. New platform requirements ensure that memory does not become a bottleneck
to system performance.
PCI Bus (Peripheral Component Interconnect Local Bus)
PCI bus is a standard specification that defines a 32-bit data bus interface.
PCI Bus Master
The PCI Bus Master can perform data transfer without local CPU help and the CPU can be
treated as one of the Bus Masters. PCI 2.1 supports concurrent PCI operation to allow the
local CPU and bus master to work simultaneously.
POST (Power On Self Test)
Powering on the computer initiates the POST, a series of software-controlled diagnostic tests.
The POST checks system memory, the motherboard circuitry, the display, the keyboard, the
diskette drive, and other I/O devices
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7. APPENDIX
7. APPENDIX
Glossary
PS/2 Port
PS/2 ports are based on IBM Micro Channel Architecture. This type of architecture transfers
data through a 16-bit or 32-bit bus. A PS/2 mouse and/or keyboard may be used on ATX
motherboards.
RDRAM (Rambus DRAM)
Developed by Rambus, Inc., this type of memory can deliver up to 1.6GB of data per second.
RDRAM is the first interface standard that can be directly implemented on high performance
VLSI components such as, CMOS DRAMs, memory controllers, and graphics/video ICs.
RAM (Random Access Memory). The computer’s primary storage area used to write, store,
and retrieve information and program instructions which are passed to the CPU for processing. The information in RAM can be repeatedly re-written with new data. Compared to other
storage media like magnetic tape, floppy disk, and hard disk, RAM has an extraordinarily fast
access rate. RAM, however, is volatile, which means that the data stored in it are lost when
the system power is turned off, or if power glitches occur. See also DRAM and SDRAM.
ROM (Read Only Memory)
ROM is nonvolatile memory used to store permanent programs (called firmware) used in
certain computer components. Flash ROM (or EEPROM) can be reprogrammed with new
programs (or BIOS).
SCSI (Small Computer System Interface)
High speed multi-threaded I/O interface defined by the X3T9.2 committee of the American
National Standards Institute (ANSI) for connecting many peripheral devices. The standard
started from 10MBytes/sec to 160MBytes/sec available today.
SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM)
A type of DRAM with access signals that are synchronized with the CPU clock, eliminating
the delay associated with data transfers between the CPU and memory. SDRAM takes memory
access away from the CPU control; internal registers in the memory accept the request, and
lets the CPU do something else while the data requested is assembled for the next time the
CPU talks to the memory.
SPD for SDRAM module
Serial Presence Detect (SPD) is most like an ID detect for SDRAM module, it using a EEPROM component on DIMM module for storing module configuration information inside.
The Serial Presence Detect function is implemented using a 2048 bit EEPROM component.
This nonvolatile storage device contains data programmed by the DIMM manufacturer that
identifies the module type and various SDRAM organization and timing parameters.
System Disk
A system disk contains the core file of an operating system that boots up the operating system.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). The communications protocol used by the UNIX system and the Internet. TCP checks for lost packets, puts the data from
multiple packets into the correct order, and requests that missing or damaged packets be
resent.
USB (Universal Serial Bus)
A 4-pin serial cable bus that allows up to 127 plug and play computer peripherals such as
keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer, modem, and monitor to share a bandwidth through
a host scheduled token based protocol. This allows attaching or detaching while the host and
other peripherals are in operation. Supports synchronous and asynchronous transfer types
over the same set of wires up to 12Mbit/sec. USB 2.0 provides twice the transfer rate compared to USB 1.0 and competes with the 1394 standard.
Wake-On-LAN
Computer will automatically wake-up upon receiving a wake-up packet through a Network
interface when it is under power soft-off, suspend or sleep mode.
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INDEX
Symbols
C
3Deep Color Tuner
Using 101
C-Media Audio Setup 98
Central Processing Unit 27
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
CPU socket 9
External Frequency 19, 22
Level 1/Level 2 Cache 57
Speed 56
Upgrade/Reinstallation 58
Chassis Intrusion 40
Chip Configuration 60
Clear RTC RAM jumper 24
Connectors
ASUS EZ Plug 9
ATX power 9
Audio 33
Chassis Fan 36
CPU Fan 36
External 31
Floppy disk 9
Floppy Disk Drive 34, 39
Game/MIDI 9, 33
IDE 9, 35
Infrared Module 37
Internal Audio 39
Panel 42
Parallel Port 32
Power Supply Thermal Sensor 39
PS/2 Keyboard 31
PS/2 Mouse 31
Serial Port 32
SMBus 36, 38
USB 32
CPU. See Central Processing Unit
CPU external freq. jumper 19
CyberLink
PowerPlayer SE 103
VideoLive Mail 104
CyberLink PowerPlayer SE
Using 103
CyberLink VideoLive Mail
Using 104
A
Accelerated Graphics Port
AGP Capability 61
AGP Pro Slot 30
Accessories
Modem Riser 107
ACR/USB jumpers 22
AGP. See Accelerated Graphics Port
ASUS PC Probe
Using 93
ASUS Update
Using 100
ATAPI CD-ROM 72
Automatic Power Up 70
B
Bass center jumper 21
BIOS
Advanced Menu 56
Boot Menu 72
Boot Sequence 72
Exit Menu 74
Language 55
Legend Bar 48
Main Menu 50
Menu Bar 48
Power Menu 67
Setup Defaults, loading 75
Setup Program 47
Smart BIOS 9
Sub-menu launching 49
Updating 43
Boot Device
Selection 72
Boot Up NumLock Status 54
Boot Virus Detection 73
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INDEX
D
DIMMs. See Dual Inline Memory
Modules
DIP Switches 18
E
Expansion Cards
Assigning IRQs 29
Installing 28
F
Floppy 3 Mode 50
Floppy Disk Drive Connector 34, 39
G
Glossary 109
H
Hard Disk Drives (HDDs)
CHS Capacity 53
Cylinders 52
Heads 53
LBA Capacity 53
Primary/Secondary Master 51
Primary/Secondary Slave 51
Sectors 52
Translation Method 52
Types 51
Hardware Monitor 71
Hardware Setup
CPU Installation 27
Memory Installation 26
Procedure 17
Headers
USB 36
I
IDE Activity LED 34
IDE Connectors 35
IDE Hard Disks. See Hard Disk Drives
114
(HDDs)
Infrared Module Connector 37
Installation
CPU 27
Interrupt Request (IRQ)
Standard Assignments 29
J
JumperFree Mode
Notes for 58
JumperFree™ Mode 18
Jumpers
ACR/USB jumpers 22
Bass center setting 21
Clear RTC RAM 24
CPU external frequency 19
JumperFree mode 18
Keyboard wake up 22
Promise RAID controller 23
Thermal sensor setting 24
USB device wake up 23
Voltage over setting 20
Voltage regulator output 20
K
Keyboard
Auto-Repeat Delay 54
Auto-Repeat Rate 54
Connector 31
Features 54
Keyboard Lock Switch Lead 16, 42
Keyboard wake up 22
Keyboard wake up jumper 22
L
LAN
Jumper Setting 23
Legacy Diskette 50
LiveUpdate 101
Using 101
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
INDEX
M
Memory Hole 62
Memory Installation 26
Modem Riser 107
Motherboard
Components 12, 13
IRQ Table 29
Layout 14
Settings 17
Specifications 8, 9
Mouse
Connector 31
Multi-Channel Audio 98
Using 98
Multi-Sector Transfers 53
P
Parallel Port 63
Modes 64
Parallel Port Connector 32
Password
If You Forget 55
Notes 55
Supervisor 55
User 55
PC Probe
Using 93
PCI Configuration 65
PCI Latency Timer 65
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop 65
PIO Mode 53
Plug & Play O/S 73
Ports. See Connectors
Power Management 67
Power On Self Test 73
PowerPlayer SE
Using 103
Procedure
CPU Installation 27
Procedures
Modem Riser Installation 107
Promise RAID jumper 23
PS/2 Keyboard 31
PS/2 Keyboard Port 9
PS/2 Mouse 31
Function Control 57
PS/2 Mouse Port 9
R
RAID 1 or 0 5, 80
RTC RAM
Clearing 24
S
SCSI BIOS 65
SDRAM
Active to Precharge Time 61
CAS Latency 60
Configuration 60
RAS Precharge Time 60
RAS to CAS Delay 60
Read Around Write 61
Serial Ports 63
Connectors 32
Serial ports 9
Smart Manager 89
Modes 92
Using 91
SMART Monitoring 53
SMBus Connector 36, 38
Suspend Mode 68
System Chipset 8
System Date 50
System Frequency Multiple 56
System Hangup 59
System Time 50
System/PCI Frequency 56
T
Thermal Sensor Connector 39
Thermal sensor CPU jumper 24
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual
115
INDEX
U
UART2 63
Ultra DMA Mode 53
Universal Serial Bus (USB) 32
Headers 36
Ports 32
USB device wake up jumper 23
USB Legacy Support 57
USB ports 9
Using
3Deep Color Tuner 101
ASUS Update 100
LiveUpdate 101
Multi-Channel Audio Feature 98
PC Probe 93
PowerPlayer SE 103
Windbond Smart Manager 89
USWC 62
V
Video Memory 62
VideoLive Mail 104
Using 104
Voltage over jumper 20
Voltage regulator output 20
W
Winbond Smart Manager 89
Windbond Smart Manager
Modes 92
Using 91
116
ASUS A7V266-EX User’s Manual