Owner`s manual | Ativa AWGR54 Network Router User Manual

Before Starting Calculations
Operation Modes
When using this calculator, it is necessary to select the
proper mode to meet your requirements. This can be done
by pressing [MODE] to scroll through sub-menus. Then
select the appropriate mode by keying in the number.
Press [MODE] once to read the first page of the main
menu.
COMP SD REG
1
2
3
AT-30i
Press [MODE] again.
Owner's Manual
with advance
statistical functions
Disposing of the Calculator
• Never dispose of the calculator by burning it. Doing so
can cause certain components to suddenly burst,
creating the danger of fire and personal injury.
• The displays and illustrations (such as key markings)
shown in this Owner's Manual are for illustrative
purposes only, and may differ somewhat from the actual
items they represent.
• The contents of this manual are subject to change
without notice.
0.
If a character has been omitted from a formula, use the
[3] and [4] key to move to the position where the
character should have been input, and press [SHIFT]
followed by [INS] key. Each press of [SHIFT] [INS] will
create a space for input of one command.
Press "MODE" once more to leave the menu.
_
0.
Calculation Modes
"COMP" mode : - general calculations, including function
calculations can be executed.
"SD" mode:- standard deviation calculation can be
executed. "SD" symbol appears in display.
"REG" mode:- regression calculations can be performed.
"REG" symbol appears in display.
Display Modes
"FIX" mode:- specify number of decimal places. "Fix"
symbol appears in display window.
"SCI" mode:- specify number of significant digits. "Sci"
symbol appears in display window.
Batteries
• After removing the batteries from the calculator, put
them in a safe place where there is no danger of them
getting into the hands of small children and accidently
swallowed.
• Keep batteries out of the reach of children. If accidentally
swallowed, consult with a physician immediately.
• Never charge batteries, try to take batteries apart, or
allow batteries to become shorted. Never expose
batteries to direct heat or dispose of them by
incineration.
• Misuse of batteries can cause them to leak acid that can
cause damage to nearby items and creates the
possibility of fire and personal injury.
• Always make sure that a battery's positive (+) and
negative (–) sides are facing correctly when you load it
into the calculator.
• Remove the batteries if you do not plan to use the
calculator for a long time.
• Use only the type of batteries specified for this calculator
in this manual.
• Do not mix old and new batteries. Do not mix alkaline,
standard (carbon-zinc), or rechargeable (nickle cadmium)
batteries.
• Battery Contains Mercury. Do Not Put in Trash. Recycle or
Manage as Hazardous Waste.
369x2
D
Angular Measurement Modes
"DEG" mode:- specify measurement in "degrees". "D"
symbol appears in display window.
"RAD" mode:- specify measurement in "radians". "R"
symbol appears in display window.
"GRA" mode:- specify measurement in "grads". "G"
symbol appears in display window.
Safety Precautions
Be sure to read the following safety precautions before
using this calculator. Keep this manual handy for later
reference.
Example: To correct an input of 369   2 to 369  2 :369[][]2
369xx2_
0.
[3][3][DEL]
Press [MODE] further.
Fix Sci Norm
1
2
3
Please read before using.
If an unnecessary character has been included in a
formula, use the [3] and [4] keys to move to the
position of the error and press the "DEL" key. Each press
of "DEL" will delete one command ( one step ).
D
Deg Rad Gra
1
2
3
2-lines display
Scientific Calculator
If after making corrections, input of the formula is
complete, the answer can be obtained by pressing [ = ]. If,
however, more is to be added to the formula, advance the
cursor using the [4] key to the end of the formula for
input.
Example: To correct an input of 2.362 to sin 2.362 :2[•]36[x2]
2 . 3 6 2_
Note:• Mode indicators appear in the lower part of the display.
• The "COMP", "SD", and "REG" modes can be used in
combination with the angle unit modes.
• Be sure to check the current calculation mode (COMP, SD,
REG) and angle unit mode (DEG, RAD, GRA) before
beginning a calculation.
Calculation Priority Sequence
Calculations are performed in the following order of
precedence:1. Coordinate transformation: Pol(x, y),Rec(r, )
2. Type A functions :These functions are those in which the value is entered
and than the function key is pressed, such as x2, x–1, x!,
º'''.
3. Powers and roots, xy, x√
4. Fractions, ab/c
5. Abbreviated multiplication format in front of π, memory
name or variable name, such as 2π, 5A, πA, etc.
6. Type B functions :These functions are those in which the function key is
pressed and then the value is entered such as √, 3√, log,
ln, ex, 10x, sin, cos, tan, sin–1, cos–1, tan–1, sinh, cosh, tanh,
sinh–1, cosh–1, tanh–1, (–).
7. Abbreviated multiplication format in front of Type B
functions, such as, 2√3, A log2, etc.
8. Permutation, combination, nPr, nCr
9. , 
10. , 
• When functions with the same priority are used in series,
execution is performed from right to left for :- exln√120
➞ ex{ln(√120)}. Otherwise, execution is from left to right.
• Operations enclosed in parentheses are performed first.
Stacks
This calculator uses memory areas, called "stacks", to
temporarily store values (numeric stack) and commands
(command stack) according to their precedence during
calculations. The numeric stack has 10 levels and the
command stack has 24 levels. A stack error (stk ERROR)
occurs whenever you try to perform a calculation that is
so complex that the capacity of a stack is exceeded.
0.
D
.362
0.
D
[sin]
sin
.362
The stored 10-digit
[]
Ans 
result (28.571421857) is
(upper display)
used when you continue
the calculation by simply
pressing [] or any other
arithmetic function key.
14 [=]
400.000
(The final result is
automatically rounded to
the specified three
decimal places.)
Cancel specification by [MODE][MODE][MODE][3][1]
400.
specifying "Norm" again.
Rounding the Intermediate Result
As the number of decimal places is specified, the
intermediate result will be automatically rounded to the
specified decimal places.
However, the stored
intermediate result is not rounded. In order to match the
displayed value and the stored value, [SHIFT] [Rnd] can
be input.
Example
200714 = 400
rounded to 3 decimal
places
200[]7 [] 14[=]
[MODE][MODE][MODE][1][3]
200[]7 [=]
The intermediate result is
automatically rounded
to the specified three
decimal places.
[SHIFT] [Rnd]
round the stored
intermediate result to
the specified three
decimal places
Even after the [=] key has been pressed to calculate a
result, it is possible to use this procedure for correction.
Press the [3] key to move the cursor to the place where
the correction is to be made.
14 [=]
Cancel specification by [MODE][MODE][MODE][3][1]
specifying "Norm" again.
[]
28.571
Display
(Lower)
23 + 4.5 –53 =–25.5
56(–12)(–2.5)=268.8
12369753274103=
6.9036806131012
(4.51075)(–2.3
10–79) = –1.03510–3
(2+3)102=500
23 [] 4.5 [] 53 [=]
–25.5
56[][(–)]12[][(–)]2.5[=]
268.8
12369[] 7532 []
74103[=]
6.90368061312
4.5[EXP]75 [] [(–)]2.3
[EXP] [(–)]79 [=]
–1.035–03
[( ] 2 [] 3[ )][]
10[x2] [=]
500.
(1105)7=
1[EXP]5 [] 7 [=]
14285.71429
14285.71429
(1105)714285=
1[EXP]5[]7 []
0.7142857
14285 [=]
0.7142857
please note that internal calculation is calculated
in 12 digits for a mantissa and the result is
displayed and rounded off to 10 digits.
3 + 5  6 = 33
3 [] 5 [] 6 [=]
33.
7  8  4  5 = 36
7 [] 8 [] 4 [] 5 [=]
36.
1  2  3  4  5  6 1 [] 2 [] 3 [] 4 []
= 6.6
5 [] 6 [=]
6.6
100  (23)  4 = 80 100 [][( ] 2 [] 3[ )]
[] 4 [=]
80.
2  3  ( 4  5 ) = 29
2 [] 3 [] [(] 4 [] 5 [=]
29.
Closed parentheses
occurring immediately
before operation of the
[=] key may be omitted.
( 7  2 )  ( 8  5 ) = 65 [( ] 7 [] 2 [ )][( ] 8 [] 5 [=]
65.
A multiplication sign []
occurring immediately
before an open parantheses
can be omitted.
10  { 2  7  ( 3  6 )} 10 [][( ] 2 [] 7 [( ] 3 []
–55.
= –55
6 [=]
Handling Precautions
• Be sure to press the "ON/AC" key before using the
calculator for the first time.
• Even if the calculator is operating normally, replace the
battery at least once every three years. Dead battery can
leak, causing damage to and malfunction of the
calculator. Never leave the dead battery in the calculator.
• The battery that comes with this unit discharges slightly
during shipment and storage. Because ofthis, it may
require replacement sooner than the normal expected
battery life.
• Low battery power can cause memory contents to
become corrupted or lost completely. Always keep
written records of all important data.
• Avoid use and storage in areas subjected to temperature
extremes. Very low temperatures can cause slow display
response,total failure of the display, and shortening of
battery life.Also avoid leaving the calculator in direct
sunlight, neara window, near a heater or anywhere else it
might become exposed to very high temperatures. Heat
can cause discoloration or deformation of the
calculator's case, anddamage to internal circuitry.
• Avoid use and storage in areas subjected to large
amounts of humidity and dust. Take care never to leave
the calculator where it might besplashed by water or
exposed to large amounts of humidity or dust. Such
elements can damage internal circuitry.
• Never drop the calculator or otherwise subject it to
strong impact.
• Never twist or bend the calculator. Avoid carrying the
calculator in the pocket of your trousers or other
tight-fitting clothing where it might be subjected to
twisting or bending.
• Never try to take the calculator apart.
• Never press the keys of the calculator with a ball-point
pen or other pointed object.
• Use a soft, dry cloth to clean the exterior of the unit. If the
calculator becomes very dirty, wipe it off with acloth
moistened in a weak solution of water and a mildneutral
household detergent. Wring out all excess moisture
before wiping the calculator. Never use thinner, benzine
or other volatile agents to clean the calculator. Doing so
can remove printed markings and damage the case.
Error Loacator
Pressing [3] or [4] after an error occurs display the
calculation with the cursor positioned at the location
where the error occured.
Percentage Calculations
Use the "COMP" mode for percentage calculations.
Overflow and Errors
The calculator is locked up while an error message is on
the display. Press [ON/AC] to clear the error, or press [3]
or [4] to display the calculation and correct the problem.
Percentage
26% of $15.00
Ratio
75 is what % of 250?
"Ma ERROR" caused by:• Calculation result is outside the allowable calculation
range.
• Attempt to perform a function calculation using a value
that exceeds the allowable input range.
• Attempt to perform an illegal operation (division by zero,
etc.).
Action
• Check your input values and make sure they are all
within the allowable ranges. Pay special attention to
values in any memory areas you are using.
Specifying the Format of Calculation Results
You can change the precision of calculation results by
specifying the number of decimal places or the number of
significant digits. You can also shift the decimal place of a
displayed value three places to the left or right for
one-touch conversions of metric weights and measures.
Example
Display
(Lower)
Operation
Difference between [STO][M] and [M+], [SHIFT][M–] :Both [STO] [M] and [M+], [SHIFT] [M–] can be used to
input results into memory, however when the [STO] [M]
operation is used, previous memory contents are cleared.
When either [M+] or [SHIFT] [M–] is used, value is added
or subtracted to or from present sum in memory.
Example: Input 456 into memory "M" using [STO] [M]
procedure. Memory already contains value of 123.
[ON/AC] [1] [2] [3] [STO] [M]
M=
123.
M
D
[ON/AC] [4] [5] [6] [STO] [M]
[ON/AC]
_
15 []26 [SHIFT] [%]
3.9
75[]250 [SHIFT] [%]
30.
Upon power up reset, the display format is defaulted at
"Norm1". Each time when you press "[MODE] [MODE]
[MODE] [3]" you can choose either "Norm 1" or "Norm 2"
by keying in [1] or [2] respectively.
Norm 1 :- all values less than 10–2 or greater than 109 are
automatically expressed as exponents.
Norm 2 :- all values less than 10–9 or greater than 109 are
automatically expressed as exponents.
Note: You cannot specify the display format (Fix, Sci) while
the calculator is in Base-N mode.
Specifying the Number of Decimal Places
The calculator always performs calculations using a
10-digit mantissa and 2-digit exponent, and results are
stored in memory as a 12-digit mantissa and 2-digit
exponent no matter how many decimal places you
specify. Intermediate results and final results are then
automatically rounded off to the number of decimal
places you have specified.
It should be noted that displayed results are rounded
to the specified number of decimal places, but stored
results are normally not rounded.
To specify the number of decimal places ( Fix ), press
"[MODE] [MODE] [MODE] [1]" and then a value
indicating the number of decimal places (0~9).
To specify the number of significant digits (Sci.), select
[SCI] in the sub-menu "FIX/SCI/NORM" and then you are
asked to enter a value indicating the number of significant
digits (0~9) as below.
Sci 0~9?
Display
(Lower)
Operation
1006 = 16.66666666 100[]6 [=]
specify 5 significant
[Mode][Mode][Mode][2][5]
digits
Cancel specification by [Mode][Mode][Mode][3][1]
specifying "Norm" again.
123m456 = 56088m
= 56.088km
78g0.96 = 74.88g
= 0.07488kg
M
D
D
0.
456.
D
D
[ON/AC] [4] [5] [6] [M+]
456
M
_
[RCL] [M]
M=
M
M
456.
D
D
0.
579.
D
Special Functions
Answer Function
This unit has an answer function that stores the result of
the most recent calculation. Once a numeric value or
numeric expression is entered and [=] is pressed, the
result is stored by this function.
To recall the stored value, press the [Ans] [=] key. When
[Ans] is pressed, "Ans" will appear on the display, and the
value can be used in subsequent calculations.
Example: 123456 = 579
789579 = 210
[ON/AC][1][2][3][][4][5][6][=]
123+456
[7][8][9][][Ans]
789–Ans_
123[]456 [=]
[ENG]
78[]0.96 [=]
[SHIFT] [ENG]
D
579.
D
[=]
16.66666667
Numeric values with 12 digits for a mantissa and 2 digits
for an exponent can be stored in the "Ans" memory. The
"Ans" memory is not erased even if the power of the unit
is turned OFF. Each time [=] , [Shift] [%] , [M+] , [Shift] [M–] ,
and [STO]  ( = A ~ F, M, X, Y ) is pressed, the value in the
Ans memory is replaced with the new value produced by
the calculation execution. When execution of a
calculation results in an error, however, the "Ans" memory
retains its current value.
Note:- Contents of "Ans" memory are not altered when
RCL  ( = A~F, M, X, Y) is used to recall contents of
variable memory. Also, contents of "Ans" memory are not
altered when variables are input when the variable input
prompt is displayed.
789–Ans
210.
D
Display
(Lower)
Operation
579.
16.66666667
1.666701
Shifting the Decimal Place
You can use the key [ENG] to shift the decimal point of
the displayed value three places to the left or right. Each
3-place shift to the left is the same as dividing the value
by 1000, and each shift to the right is the same as
multiplying by 1000. This means that this function is
useful when converting metric weights and measures to
other metric units.
Example
M
456.
Example: Input 456 into memory "M" using M+. Memory
already contains value of 123.
[ON/AC] [1] [2] [3] [STO] [M]
M=
123.
M
Note : "0" indicating 10 significant digits.
Meanwhile, the "Sci" indicator will appear on the display.
56088.
56.08803
74.88
0.0748803
Omitting the multiplication sign ()
When inputting a formula as it is written, from left to right,
it is possible to omit the multiplication sign () in the
following cases :-
– 13 –
– 17 –
Memory
This calculator contains 9 standard memories. There are
two basic types of memories, i.e., "variable" memories,
which are accessed by using the [STO] and [RCL] keys in
combination with the alphabets A, B, C, D, E, F, M, X and Y.
The "independent" memory, which is accessed by using
the [M+] , [Shift] [M–] and [RCL] and [M] keys. The
independent memory uses the same memory area as
variable M.
Contents of both the variable and independent memories
are protected even when the power is turned OFF.
• Before the following functions :sin, cos, tan, sin–1, cos–1, tan–1, sinh, cosh, tanh, sinh–1,
cosh–1, tanh–1, log, ln, 10x, ex, √, 3√, Pol(x,y), Rec(r, )
example: 2sin30, 10log1.2, 2√3, 2Pol(5, 12), etc.
Variable memories
Up to 9 values can be retained in memory at the same
time, and can be recalled when desired.
Example: Input 123 into memory "A" :[ON/AC] 123
123_
D
[STO] [A]
A=
0.
[ON/AC]
D
A=
0.
When formulas are input, the result of the formula's
calculation is retained in memory.
Example: Input the result of 123456 into memory "B" :[ON/AC] 123 [] 456
123X456_
0.
D
B=
Continuous Calculation Function
Even if calculations are concluded with the [=] key, the
result obtained can be used for further calculations. In
this case, calculations are performed with 10 digits for the
mantissa which is displayed.
Example: To calculate 3.14 continuing after 34=12
[ON/AC] [3] [] [4] [=]
3x4
12.
(continuing) [] [3] [•] [1] [4]
A n s ÷3 . 1 4 _
[=]
12.
A n s ÷3 . 1 4
3.821656051
D
123.
D
[STO] [B]
• Before parentheses :example: 3(56), (A1)(B1), etc.
D
_
[RCL] [A]
• Before fixed numbers, variales and memories :example: 2π, 2AB, 3Ans, etc.
D
123.
D
Example: To calculate 133 =
[AC] [1] [] [3] [] [3] [=]
1 ÷3 x 3
D
[1] [] [3] [=]
1.
1 ÷3
0.333333333
D
(continuing) [] [3] [=]
Ansx3
D
56088.
1.
D
[ON/AC]
_
D
[RCL] [B]
Fix 0~9?
M=
M
– 16 –
As with the number of decimal places, displayed results
are rounded to the specified number of digits, but stored
results are normally not rounded.
Example
M=
Ans 
(upper display)
399.994
399.994
Specifying the Number of Significant Digits
This specification is used to automatically round
intermediate results and final results to the number of
digits you have specified.
Operation
Addition/subtraction to or from sum in memory cannot
be carried out with [M+], [SHIFT] [M–] keys in "SD" mode
and "REG" mode.
[ON/AC]
Arithmetic Operations & Parenthesis Calculations
• Arithmetic operations are performed by pressing the
keys in the same order as noted in the formula.
• For negative values, press [(-)] before entering the value
• For mixed basic arithmetic operations, multiplication and
division are given priority over addition and subtraction
• Assuming that display mode "Norm 1" is selected.
–9–
Number of Input/output Digits and Calculation Digits
The memory area used for calculation input can hold 79
"steps". One function comprises one step. Each press of
numeric or  ,  ,  and  keys comprise one step.
Though such operations as [SHIFT] [x!] (x–1 key) require
two key operations, they actually comprise only one
function, and, therefore, only one step. These steps can be
confirmed using the cursor. With each press of the [3] or
[4] key, the cursor is moved one step.
28.571
– 12 –
–5–
"Syn ERROR" caused by:• Attempt to perform an illegal mathematical operation.
Action
• Press to display the calculation with the cursor located at
the location of the error. Make necessary corrections.
400.
400.000
–8–
–1–
"Stk ERROR" caused by:• Capacity of the numeric stack or operator stack is
exceeded.
Action
• Simplify the calculation. The numeric stack has 10 levels
and the operator stack has 24 levels.
• Divide your calculation into two or more separate parts.
Display
(Lower)
Operation
When [SHIFT] [INS] are pressed, the space that is opened
is displayed as " ". The function or value assigned to the
next key you press will be inserted in the . To exit from
the insertion mode, move the cursors, or press [SHIFT]
[INS] , or press [=].
Example
To clear memory contents, press [0] [STO] [M].
You can compare the final result obtained in the previous
example with the final result of the following example.
0.
D
–4–
"NORM" mode:- cancels "Fix" and "Sci" specifications.
0.
2.362
[SHIFT][INS]
Display
(Lower)
Operation
[RCL] [M]
D
[3][3][3][3][3]
Example
B=
0.
56088.
D
At this time, you should be able to see "Fix" on the display.
The number of decimal places specified will remain in
–6–
– 10 –
– 14 –
– 18 –
Whenever you input the 73rd step of any calculation, the
cursor changes from "_" to "■" to let you know memory is
running low. If you still need to input more, you should
divide you calculation into two or more parts.
effect until "Norm" (to select "Norm" press "[MODE]
[MODE] [MODE] [3]") is specified or significant digits are
specified using "[MODE] [MODE] [MODE] [2]".
If a variable expression is entered, the expression is first
calculated according to the values stored in the variable
memories used in the expression. The result is then stored
in the variable memory specified for the result.
Example: Input the results of AB into memory "C" :[ON/AC] [ALPHA] [A] []
AXB_
0.
[ALPHA] [B]
This function can be used with Type A functions ( x2, x–1,
x!), , , xy, x√ and º' ".
Example: Squaring the result of 786=13
[ON/AC] [7] [8] [] [6] [=]
7 8 ÷6
13.
–2–
Two-lines Display
[ON/AC] [MODE]
S A hyp M STO RCL SD REG
D R G Fix Sci
You can simultaneously check the calculation formula and
its answer. The first line displays the calculation formula.
The second line displays the answer.
Keys Layout
SHIFT
REPLAY
ALPHA
OFF
MODE
When numeric values or calculation commands are input,
they appear on the display from the left. Calculation
results, however, are displayed from the right.
The allowable input/output range (number of digits) of
this unit is 10 digits for a mantissa and 2 digits for the
exponent. Calculations, however, are performed internally
with a range of 12 digits for a mantissa and 2 digits for an
exponent.
Example: 3  105  7 =
3[EXP]5[÷]7[=]
x!
x
nPr
Rec(
nCr
Pol(
d/c
A
(–)
º ,,,
B
C
sin–1
hyp
RCL
B
7
y
x
(
ln
D
cos–1 E
tan–1 F
X
;
8
5
xn
cos
)
C
yn
4
e
log
,
INS
9
DEL
tan
Y
xn–1
x
1
2
3
Rnd
Ran#
π
0
•
EXP
–3–
+
[1]
_
M
M–
M+
DT
CL
D
[3]
122
Mcl Scl
ON/AC
D
[3]
123_
÷
y
–
DRG
%
Ans
=
Example: To change an input of cos60 to sin60 :[cos] [6] [0]
cos 60
[3] [3] [3]
0.
D
0.
D
0.
sin 60
–7–
0.
D
cos 60
[sin]
0.
[ON/AC]
Fix
Deg Rad Gra
1
2
3
Fix Sci Norm
1
2
3
[3]
Operation
1006 = 16.66666666 100 [] 6 [=]
specify 4 decimal places [MODE][MODE][MODE][1][4]
cancel specification
[MODE][MODE][MODE]
[3] [1]
200714 = 400
200[]7 [] 14[=]
rounded to 3 decimal [MODE][MODE][MODE][1][3]
places
200 [] 7[ =]
The intermediate result is
automatically rounded
to the specified three
decimal places.
– 11 –
Deleting memories
To delete all contents of variable memories, press [Shift]
followed by [Mcl] [=].
Independent Memory
Addition and subtraction (to and from sum) results can be
stored directly in memory. Results can also be totalized in
memory, making it easy to calculate sums. The icon "M"
will be lighted as long as M is not empty.
Example: Input 123 to independent memory.
[ON/AC] [1] [2] [3]
123_
0.
[M+]
[1]
Example
6898824.
D
Norm 1~2?
Display
(Lower)
16.66666667
16.6667
16.66666667
400.
400.000
28.571
123
[=]
Ans2
13.
169.
Replay Function
This function stores formulas that have been executed.
After execution is complete, pressing either the [3] or
[4] key will display the formula executed.
Pressing [4] will display the formula from the beginning,
with the cursor located under the first character.
Pressing [3] will display the formula from the end, with
the cursor located at the space following the last
character. After this, using the [4] and [3] to move the
cursor, the formula can be checked and numeric values or
commands can be changed for subsequent execution.
Example:
[ON/AC] [1] [2] [3] []
[4] [5] [6] [=]
123x456
56088.
D
[4]
123x456
56088.
[=]
123x456
56088.
[3]
123x456_
56088.
D
123.
D
Recall memory data
[ON/AC]
A n s 2_
D
0.
D
0.0000
COMP SD REG
1
2
3
[MODE]
6898824.
D
C=
D
(continuing) [x2]
D
_
[RCL] [C]
D
[MODE]
C=
D
Fix 0~9?
Reset to "Norm"
[ON/AC] [MODE]
Corrections
To make corrections in a formula that is being input, use
the [3] and [4] keys to move to the position of the error
and press the correct keys.
Example: To change an input of 122 to 123 :[1] [2] [2]
122_
0.
[STO] [C]
Fix Sci Norm
1
2
3
3 E 5 ÷7–42857
0.1428571
D
6
[MODE]
[4] (to specify 4 decimal places)
yn–1
+
A
x
sin
r
STO
10
x
x2
a b/c
ENG
xy
D
Deg Rad Gra
1
2
3
3 E 5 ÷7
42857.14286
D
x3
3
[MODE]
D
3[EXP]5[÷]7[]42857[=]
x –1
COMP SD REG
1
2
3
D
_
D
[RCL] [M]
M=
Add 25, subtract 12
25 [M+] 12 [SHIFT] [M–]
12
0.
D
123.
D
Recall memory data
[ON/AC]
D
12.
D
0.
_
[RCL] [M]
M=
136.
D
– 15 –
– 19 –
Example:
4.123.586.4 = 21.1496
4.123.587.1 = 7.6496
[ON/AC] [4] [•] [1] [2] []
[3] [•] [5] [8] [] [6] [•] [4] [=]
[3]
Example
4 .12x3.58+6.
21.1496
D
1 2x3.58+6.4 _
21.1496
D
[3] [3] [3] [3]
4 .12x3.58+6.
21.1496
D
[] [7] [•] [1]
1 2x3.58–7.1 _
21.1496
D
[=]
4 .12x3.58–7.
7.6496
D
The replay function is not cleared even when [ON/AC] is
pressed or when power is turned OFF, so contents can be
recalled even after [ON/AC] is pressed.
Replay function is cleared when mode or operation is
switched.
Error Position Display Function
When an ERROR message appears during operation
execution, the error can be cleared by pressing the
[ON/AC] key, and the values or formula can be re-entered
from the beginning. However, by pressing the [3] or [4]
key, the ERROR message is cancelled and the cursor moves
to the point where the error was generated.
Operation
Using any four numbers
from 1 to 7, how many
four digit even numbers
can be formed if none of
the four digits consist of
the same number?
(3/7 of the total number
of permutations will be
even.)
7P437 = 360
If any four items are
removed from a total
of 10 items, how many
different combinations
of four items are
possible?
10C4 = 210
If 5 class officers are
being selected for a
class of 15 boys and
10 girls, how many
combinations are
possible? At least one
girl must be included
in each group.
25C515C5 = 50127
[3] (or [4] )
1 4 ÷0x2.3
D
Correct the input by pressing
[3] [SHIFT] [INS] [1]
1 4 ÷10x2.3
D
[=]
0.
0.
10[nCr]4[=]
25[nCr]5[]15[nCr]5[=]
360.
210.
50127.
Example 5 30 [DT] 50 [DT] 120 [SHIFT] [;] 31 [DT]
To delete 120 [SHIFT] [;] 31 [DT], press [SHIFT] [CL].
Example 6 50 [DT] 120 [SHIFT] [;] 31 [DT] 40 [DT] 30 [DT]
To delete 120 [SHIFT] [;] 31 [DT], press 120 [SHIFT] [;] 31
[SHIFT] [CL].
Example 7 [√] 10 [DT] [√] 20 [DT] [√] 30 [DT]
To delete [√] 20 [DT], press [√] 20 [=] [Ans] [SHIFT] [CL].
Example 8 [√] 10 [DT] [√] 20 [DT] [√] 30 [DT]
To delete [√] 20 [DT], press [√] 20 [SHIFT] [;] [(–)] 1 [DT].
Performing calculations
The following procedures are used to perform the various
standard deviation calculations.
Key operation
Result
Population standard deviation, xσn
Sample standard deviation, xσn–1
Mean, x
Sum of square of data, ∑x2
Sum of data, ∑x
Number of data, n
[SHIFT][xσn]
[SHIFT][xσn–1]
[SHIFT][x]
[RCL][A]
[RCL][B]
[RCL][C]
Standard deviation and mean calculations are performed
as shown below:
Population standard deviation σn = √(∑(xix)2/n)
where i = 1 to n
Sample standard deviation σn–1 = √(∑(xix)2/(n-1))
where i = 1 to n
Mean x = (∑x)/n
Example
Other Functions (√ , x2, x–1, x!, 3√, Ran#)
Example
Example: 1402.3 is input by mistake
[ON/AC] [1] [4] [] [0] []
Ma ERROR
[2] [.] [3] [=]
7[SHIFT][nPr]4[]3[]
7[=]
Display
(Lower)
Operation
√2√5 = 3.65028154
22324252 = 54
(3)2 = 9
1/(1/3–1/4) = 12
8! = 40320
3√(364249) = 42
Random number
generation (number is
in the range of 0.000 to
0.999)
[√]2[][√]5[=]
2[x2][]3[x2][]4[x2]
[]5[x2][=]
[(][(–)]3[)][x2][=]
[(]3[x–1][]4[x–1][)][x–1][=]
8[SHIFT][x!][=]
[3√][(]36[]42[]49[)][=]
[SHIFT][Ran#][=]
Operation
Display
(Lower)
3.65028154
54.
9.
12.
40320.
42.
0.792
(random)
[MODE][2] (SD Mode)
[SHIFT][Scl][=] (Memory cleared)
55[DT]54[DT]51[DT]
55[DT]53[DT][DT]54[DT]
52[DT]
What is deviation of the [RCL][C](Number of data)
unbiased variance, and [RCL][B](Sumof data)
the mean of the above [RCL][A](Sum of square of data)
data?
[SHIFT][x][=](Mean)
[SHIFT][xσn][=](Population SD)
[SHIFT][xσn–1][=](Sample SD)
[SHIFT][xσn–1]
[x2][=](Sample variance)
Display
Data 55, 54, 51, 55, 53,
53, 54, 52
0.
0.
52.
8.
427.
22805.
53.375
1.316956719
1.407885953
Example
Operation
Temperature and length [MODE][3][1]
of a steel bar
("REG" then select linear regression)
Temp
Length
[SHIFT][Scl][=] (Memory cleared)
10ºC
1003mm 10[,]1003[DT]
15ºC
1005mm 15[,]1005[DT]
20ºC
1010mm 20[,]1010[DT]
25ºC
1011mm 25[,]1011[DT]
30ºC
1014mm 30[,]1014[DT]
Using this table, the
[SHIFT][A][=](Constant term A)
regression formula and [SHIFT][B][=]
correlation coefficient (Regression coefficient B)
can be obtained. Based [SHIFT][r][=]
(Correlation coefficient r)
on the coefficient
formula, the length of 18[SHIFT][y](Length at 18ºC)
the steel bar at 18ºC
1000[SHIFT][x](Temp at 1000mm)
and the temperature
[SHIFT][r][x2][=]
(Critical coefficient)
at 1000mm can be
estimated. Furthermore [(][RCL][F][–][RCL][C][]
the critical coefficient [SHIFT][x][][SHIFT][y][)][]
(r2) and covariance can [(][RCL][C][–]1[)][=](Covariance)
also be calculated.
Display
0.
0.
10.
15.
20.
25.
30.
997.4
0.56
0.982607368
1007.48
4.642857143
0.965517241
Deleting input data
To delete input data, follow the procedures described for
linear regression
Performing calculations
If 1/x is stored instead of x itself, the inverse regression
formula y = A + ( B/x ) becomes the linear regression
formula y = a + bx. Therefore, the formulas for constant
term A, regression coefficient B and correlation coefficient
r are identical the power and linear regression.
A number of inverse regression calculation results differ
from those produced by linear regression. Note the
following:
Linear regression
Inverse regression
∑x
∑x2
∑xy
∑(1/x)
∑(1/x)2
∑(y/x)
Example
35.
Logarithmic regression
Logarithmic regression calculations are carried out using
the following formula:
y = A + B•lnx
Data input
Press [MODE] [3] [2] to specify logarithmic regression
under "REG" mode.
Press [SHIFT] [Scl] [=] to clear the statistical memories.
Input data in the following format: <x data>, <y data>
[DT]
• To make multiple entries of the same data, follow
procedures described for linear regression.
Deleting input data
To delete input data, follow the procedures described for
linear regression.
Operation
xi
yi
[MODE][3][4][2]
2
2
("REG" then select Inv regression)
3
3
[SHIFT][Scl][=] (Memory cleared)
4
4
2[,]2[DT]
5
5
3[,]3[DT]
6
6
4[,]4[DT]
Through inverse
regression of the above 5[,]5[DT]
data, the regression
6[,]6[DT]
formula and correlation [SHIFT][A][=](Constant term A)
coefficient are obtained. [SHIFT][B][=]
Furthermore, the
(Regression coefficient B)
regression formula is
[SHIFT][r][=]
used to obtain the
(Correlation coefficient r)
respective estimated
values of y and x, when 10[SHIFT][y](y when xi=10)
xi = 10 and yi = 9.
9[SHIFT][x](x when yi=9)
Display
0.
0.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.272727272
–11.28526646
–0.950169098
6.144200627
–6.533575316
1.982142857
1 4 ÷10x2.3
3.22
D
– 20 –
– 24 –
Scientific Function
Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric
functions
• Be sure to set the unit of angular measurement before
performing trigonometric
function and inverse
trigonometric function calculations.
• The unit of angular measurement (degrees, radians,
grads) is selected in sub-menu.
• Once a unit of angular measurement is set, it remains in
effect until a new unit is set. Settings are not cleared
when power is switched OFF.
Example
sin 63º52'41"
= 0.897859012
cos (π/3 rad) = 0.5
tan (–35 grad)
= –0.612800788
Operation
[MODE][MODE][1]("DEG" selected)
[sin] 63 [º ' "] 52 [º ' "]
41 [º ' "][=]
[MODE][MODE][2]("RAD" selected)
[cos][(] [SHIFT][π][]3
[)] [=]
[MODE][MODE][3]
Display
(Lower)
0.897859012
0.5
("GRA" selected)
[tan] [(–)] 35 [=]
–0.612800788
[MODE][MODE][1]("DEG")
2[sin] 45 [cos] 65 [=]
0.597672477
[SHIFT][sin–1] 0.5 [=]
30.
[MODE][MODE][2]("RAD")
[SHIFT][cos–1][(][√]2 []2
[)][=]
0.785398163
[][SHIFT][π][=]
0.25
tan–1 0.741
[MODE][MODE][1]("DEG")
= 36.53844577º
[SHIFT][tan–1]0.741[=]
36.53844576
= 36º32' 18.4"
[SHIFT] [←º' "]
36º32º18.4º
If the total number of digits for degrees/minutes/seconds exceed
11 digits, the higher order values are given display priority, and
any lower-order values are not displayed. However, the entire
value is stored within the unit as a decimal value.
2.5(sin–10.8cos–10.9) 2.5[] [(] [SHIFT] [sin–1]0.8
= 68º13'13.53"
[] [SHIFT] [cos–1] 0.9 [)]
[=] [SHIFT] [←º' "]
68º13º13.53º
2sin45ºcos65º
= 0.597672477
sin–1 0.5 = 30
cos–1 (√2/2)
= 0.785398163 rad
= π/4 rad
Example
Operation
√(1–sin240)
= 0.766044443
1/2!1/4!1/6!1/8!
= 0.543080357
[MODE][MODE][1]("DEG" selected)
[√][(]1[][(][sin]40[)][x2]
[)][=]
[SHIFT][cos–1][Ans][=]
2[SHIFT][x!][x–1][]
4[SHIFT][x!][x–1][]
6[SHIFT][x!][x–1][]
8[SHIFT][x!][x–1][=]
Example
sinh3.6= 18.28545536
cosh1.23 = 1.856761057
tanh2.5= 0.986614298
cosh1.5sinh1.5
= 0.22313016
sinh–1 30 = 4.094622224
cosh–1 (20/15)
= 0.795365461
x = (tanh–1 0.88) / 4
= 0.343941914
sinh–1 2cosh–11.5
= 1.389388923
sinh–1 (2/3)tanh–1(4/5)
= 1.723757406
Operation
[hyp][sin] 3.6 [=]
[hyp][cos] 1.23 [=]
[hyp][tan] 2.5 [=]
[hyp][cos] 1.5 [][hyp]
[sin] 1.5 [=]
[hyp][SHIFT][sin–1] 30 [=]
[hyp][SHIFT][cos–1][(] 20
[] 15 [)][=]
[hyp][SHIFT][tan–1]0.88
[]4[=]
[hyp][SHIFT][sin–1]2[]
[hyp][SHIFT][cos–1]1.5[=]
[hyp][SHIFT][sin–1][(]2[]
3[)][][hyp][SHIFT][tan–1]
[(]4[]5[)][=]
Display
(Lower)
18.28545536
1.856761057
0.986614298
0.22313016
4.094622224
0.795365461
0.343941914
1.389388923
log1.23
= 8.990511110–2
In90 = 4.49980967
log456In456
= 0.434294481
101.23 = 16.98243652
e4.5 = 90.0171313
104 • e–41.2 • 102.3
= 422.5878667
(–3)4 = 81
–34 = –81
5.62.3 = 52.58143837
7√123 = 1.988647795
(7823)–12
= 1.30511182910–21
233√644 = 10
23.4(5+6.7) = 3306232
Operation
Display
(Lower)
[log] 1.23 [=]
[In] 90 [=]
[log]456[In]456 [=]
0.543080357
Example
Operation
2/531/4 = 313/20
Display
(Lower)
2[ab/c]5[]3[ab/c]1
[ab/c]4[=]
3⎦13⎦20.
[ab/c](conversion to decimal)
3.65
Fractions can be converted
to decimals, and then
converted back to fractions.
456
11
3 /78 = 8 /13
3[ab/c]456[ab/c]78[=]
8⎦11⎦13.
[SHIFT][d/c]
115⎦13.
1/25781/4572
b
b
1[a /c]2578[]1[a /c]
= 0.00060662
4572[=]
6.066202547–04
When the total number
of characters, including
integer, numerator,
denominator and
delimiter mark exceeds
10, the input fraction is
automatically displayed
in decimal format.
1/20.5 = 0.25
1[ab/c]2[].5[=]
0.25
1/3(–4/5)–5/6 = –11/10 1[ab/c]3[][(–)]4[ab/c]5
b
[]5[a /c]6[=]
–1⎦1⎦10.
1/21/31/41/5
1[ab/c]2[]1[ab/c]3[]
13
b
b
= /60
1[a /c]4[]1[a /c]5[=]
13⎦60.
(1/2)/3 = 1/6
[(]1[ab/c]2[)][ab/c]3[=]
1⎦6.
1/(1/31/4) = 15/7
b
b
1[a /c][(]1[a /c]3[]
b
1[a /c]4[)][=]
1⎦5⎦7.
0.089905111
4.49980967
0.434294481
– 36 –
Regression Calculation
In the REG mode, calculations including linear regression,
logarithmic regression, exponential regression, power
regression, inverse regression and quadratic regression
can be performed.
Performing calculations
The logarithmic regression formula y = A + B•lnx. As x is
input, In(x) will be stored instead of x itself. Hence, we can
treat the logarithmic regression formula same as the
linear regression formula. Therefore, the formulas for
constant term A, regression coefficient B and correlation
coefficient r are identical for logarithmic and linear
regression.
Quadratic Regression
Quadratic regression calculations are carried out using the
following formula:
y = A + Bx + Cx2
Data input
Press [MODE] [3] [4] [3] to specify quadratic regression
under the "REG" mode.
Press [SHIFT] [Scl] [=] to clear the statistical memories.
Input data in this format: <x data>,<y data> [DT]
• To make multiple entries of the same data, follow
procedures described for linear regression.
Deleting input data
To delete input data, follow the procedures described for
linear regression.
Press [MODE] [3] to enter the "REG" mode:
COMP SD REG
1
2
3
and then select one of the following regression types:Lin Log Exp
1
2
3
Lin: linear regression
Log: logarithmic regression
Exp: exponential regression
press [4] for the other three regression types:Pwr Inv Quad
1
2
3
Pwr: power regression
Inv: inverse regression
Quad: quadratic regression
Linear regression
Linear regression calculations are carried out using the
following formula:
y = A + Bx.
Data input
Press [MODE] [3] [1] to specify linear regression under
the "REG" mode.
Press [Shift] [Scl] [=] to clear the statistical memories.
Input data in the following format: <x data> [,] <y data>
[DT]
• When multiples of the same data are input, two different
entry methods are possible:
Example 1 Data: 10/20, 20/30, 20/30, 40/50
Key operation: 10 [,] 20 [DT]
20 [,] 30 [DT] [DT]
40 [,] 50 [DT]
The previously entered data is entered again each time
the [DT] key is pressed (in this case 20/30 is re-entered).
Example
Operation
Display
xi
yi
[MODE][3][2]
0.
29
1.6
("REG" then select LOG regression)
50
23.5
[SHIFT][Scl][=] (Memory cleared)
0.
74
38
29[,]1.6[DT]
29.
103
46.4
50[,]23.5[DT]
50.
118
48.9
74[,]38[DT]
74.
The logarithmic
103.
regression of the above 103[,]46.4[DT]
data, the regression
118[,]48.9[DT]
118.
formula and correlation [SHIFT][A][=](Constant term A)
–111.1283975
coefficient are obtained. [SHIFT][B][=](Regression coefficient B) 34.02014748
Furthermore, respective [SHIFT][r][=](Correlation coefficient r)
0.994013946
estimated values y and
80[SHIFT][y](y when xi=80)
37.94879482
x can be obtained for
224.1541314
xi = 80 and yi = 73 using 73[SHIFT][x](x when yi=73)
the regression formula.
A number of logarithmic regression calculation results
differ from those produced by linear regression. Note the
following:
Linear regression
Logarithmic regression
∑x
∑x2
∑xy
∑Inx
∑(Inx)2
∑y•Inx
Example
Exponential regression
Exponential regression calculations are carried out using
the following formula:
y = A•eB•x (ln y = ln A +Bx)
Data input
Press [MODE] [3] [3] to specify exponential regression
under the "REG" mode.
Press [SHIFT] [Scl] [=] to clear the statistical memories.
Input data in the following format: <x data>,<y data> [DT]
• To make multiple entries of the same data, follow
procedures described for linear regression.
Deleting input data
To delete input data, follow the procedures described for
linear regression.
Example 2 Data: 10/20, 20/30, 20/30, 20/30, 20/30, 20/30,
40/50
Key operation: 10 [,] 20 [DT]
20 [,] 30 [SHIFT] [;] 5 [DT]
40 [,] 50 [DT]
By pressing [SHIFT] and then entering a semicolon
followed by a value that represents the number of times
the data is repeated (5, in this case) and the [DT] key, the
multiple data entries (for 20/30, in this case) are made
automatically.
Performing calculations
If we assume that lny = y and lnA = a', the exponential
regression formula y = A•eB•x (ln y = ln A +Bx) becomes
the linear regression formula y =a' + bx if we store In(y)
instead of y itself. Therefore, the formulas for constant
term A, regression coefficient B and correlation coefficient
r are identical for exponential and linear regression.
Replacing the Battery
Dim figures on the display of the calculator indicate that
battery power is low. Continued use of the calculator
when the battery is low can result in improper operation.
Replace the battery as soon as possible when display
figures become dim.
D
1
R
2
Example
Define degree first
Change 20 radian to
degree
To perform the following
calculation :10 radians+25.5 gradients
The answer is expressed
in degree.
G
3
Operation
[MODE][MODE][1]("DEG" selected)
20[SHIFT][DRG>][2][=]
10[SHIFT][DRG>][2]
[]25.5[SHIFT][DRG>][3]
[=]
Display
20r
1145.91559
10r25.5g
595.9077951
Degrees, Minutes, Seconds Calculations
You can perform sexagesimal calculations using degrees
(hours), minutes and seconds. And convert between
sexagesimal and decimal values.
Example
Operation
To express 2.258 degrees 2.258[º' "][=]
in deg/min/sec.
To perform the calculation: 12[º' "]34[º' "]56[º' "][]
12º34'56"3.45
3.45[=]
Display
2º15º28.8
43º24º31.2
Deleting input data
There are various ways to delete value data, depending on
how and where it was entered.
Example 1
10 [,] 40 [DT]
20 [,] 20 [DT]
30 [,] 30 [DT]
40 [,] 50
To delete 40 [,] 50, press [ON/AC]
Example 2
10 [,] 40 [DT]
20 [,] 20 [DT]
30 [,] 30 [DT]
40 [,] 50 [DT]
To delete 40 [,] 50 [DT], press [SHIFT][CL]
Example 3
To delete 20 [,] 20 [DT], press 20 [,] 20 [SHIFT][CL]
Example 4
[√] 10 [,] 40 [DT]
[√] 40 [,] 50 [DT]
To delete[√]10[,]40[DT],
press [√]10[=][Ans][,]40[SHIFT][CL]
A number of exponential regression calculation results
differ from those produced by linear regression. Note the
following:
Linear regression
Exponential regression
∑y
∑y2
∑xy
∑Iny
∑(Iny)2
∑x•Iny
Example
Operation
xi
yi
[MODE][3][3]
6.9
21.4
("REG" then select Exp regression)
12.9
15.7
[SHIFT][Scl][=] (Memory cleared)
19.8
12.1
6.9[,]21.4[DT]
26.7
8.5
12.9[,]15.7[DT]
35.1
5.2
19.8[,]12.1[DT]
Through exponential
regression of the above 26.7[,]8.5[DT]
data, the regression
35.1[,]5.2[DT]
formula and correlation [SHIFT][A][=](Constant term A)
coefficient are obtained. [SHIFT][B][=]
Furthermore, the
(Regression coefficient B)
regression formula is
[SHIFT][r][=]
used to obtain the
(Correlation coefficient r)
respective estimated
values of y and x, when 16[SHIFT][y](y when xi=16)
xi = 16 and yi = 20.
20[SHIFT][x](x when yi=20)
Display
0.
0.
6.9
12.9
19.8
26.7
35.1
30.49758742
–0.049203708
Statistical Calculations
This unit can be used to make statistical calculations
including standard deviation in the "SD" mode, and
regression calculation in the "REG" mode.
Key Operations to recall regression calculation results
Performing calculations
If we assume that lny = y, lnA =a' and ln x = x, the power
regression formula y = A•xB (lny = lnA + Blnx) becomes
the linear regression formula y = a' + bx if we store In(x)
and In(y) instead of x and y themselves. Therefore, the
formulas for constant term A, regression coefficient B and
correlation coefficient r are identical the power and linear
regression.
A number of power regression calculation results differ
from those produced by linear regression. Note the
following:
x=7.5 and y=–10, what
are r and  rad?
r=25 and = 56º, what
are x and y?
r=4.5 and =2π/3 rad,
what are x and y?
12.5(r)
–0.927295218()
13.97982259(x)
20.72593931(y)
–2.25(x)
3.897114317(y)
Example
Operation
Taking any four out of 10[SHIFT][nPr]4[=]
ten items and arranging
them in a row, how many
different arrangements
are possible?
10P4 = 5040
– 23 –
Standard Deviation
In the "SD" mode, calculations including 2 types of
standard deviation formulas, mean, number of data, sum
of data, and sum of square can be performed.
Data input
1. Press [MODE] [2] to specify SD mode.
2. Press [SHIFT] [Scl] [=] to clear the statistical memories.
3. Input data, pressing [DT] key (= [M+]) each time a new
piece of data is entered.
Example Data: 10, 20, 30
Key operation: 10 [DT] 20 [DT] 30 [DT]
• When multiples of the same data are input, two different
entry methods are possible.
Example 1 Data: 10, 20, 20, 30
Key operation: 10 [DT] 20 [DT] [DT] 30 [DT]
The previously entered data is entered again each time
the DT is pressed without entering data (in this case 20
is re-entered).
Example 2 Data: 10, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 30
Key operation: 10 [DT] 20 [SHIFT] [;] 6 [DT] 30 [DT]
By pressing [SHIFT] and then entering a semicolon
followed by value that represents the number of items the
data is repeated (6, in this case) and the [DT] key, the
multiple data entries (for 20, in this case) are made
automatically.
Permutation and Combination
Total number of permutations nPr = n!/(nr)!
Total number of combinations nCr = n!/(r!(nr)!)
Display
(Lower)
5040.
Specifications
Power supply: AG13 x 2 batteries
Operating temperature: 0º ~ 40ºC (32ºF ~ 104ºF)
Power regression
Power regression calculations are carried out using the
following formula:
y = A•xB (lny = lnA + Blnx)
Data input
Press [MODE] [3] [4] [1] to specify "power regression".
Press [SHIFT] [Scl] [=] to clear the statistical memories.
Input data in the following format: <x data>,<y data> [DT]
• To make multiple entries of the same data, follow
procedures described for linear regression.
Deleting input data
To delete input data, follow the procedures described for
linear regression
Coordinate Transformation
• This scientific calculator lets you convert between
rectangular coordinates and polar coordinates, i.e., P(x, y)
↔ P(r, )
• Calculation results are stored in variable memory E and
variable memory F. Contents of variable memory E are
displayed initially. To display contents of memory F,
press [RCL] [F].
• With polar coordinates,  can be calculated within a
range of –180º< ≤180º.
(Calculated range is the same with radians or grads.)
24.98979792(r)
55.92839019()
55º55º42.2()
Auto Power Off
Calculator power automatically turns off if you do not
perform any operation for about six minutes. When this
happens, press [ON/AC] to turn power back on.
13.87915739
8.574868045
– 34 –
[MODE][MODE][1]("DEG" selected)
[Pol(]14 [,]20.7[)][=]
[RCL][F]
[SHIFT][←º' "]
[MODE][MODE][2]("RAD" selected)
[Pol(]7.5[,][(–)]10[)][=]
[RCL][F]
[MODE][MODE][1]("DEG" selected)
[SHIFT][Rec(]25 [,]56[)][=]
[RCL][F]
[MODE][MODE][2]("RAD" selected)
[SHIFT][Rec(]4.5[,][(]2[]
3[][SHIFT][π][)][)][=]
[RCL][F]
To replace the battery:• Remove the screws that hold the back cover in place and
then remove the back cover,
• Remove the old battery,
• Wipe off the side of the new battery with a dry, soft cloth.
Load it into the unit with the positive(+) side facing up.
• Replace the battery cover and secure it in place with the
screws.
• Press [ON/AC] to turn power on.
–0.997247351
– 30 –
x=14 and y=20.7, what
are r and º?
Display
Degree, Radian, Gradient Interconversion
Degree, radian and gradient can be converted to each
other with the use of [SHIFT][DRG>]. Once [SHIFT]
[DRG>] have been keyed in, the "DRG" selection menu
will be shown as follows.
– 26 –
Operation
Operation
xi
yi
[MODE][3][4][3]
29
1.6
("REG" then select Quad regression)
50
23.5
[SHIFT][Scl][=]
0.
74
38
29[,]1.6[DT]
29.
103
46.4
50[,]23.5[DT]
50.
118
48
74[,]38[DT]
74.
Through power
103.
regression of the above 103[,]46.4[DT]
data, the regression
118[,]48[DT]
118.
formula and correlation [SHIFT][A][=](Constant term A)
–35.59856935
coefficient are obtained. [SHIFT][B][=]
1.495939414
Furthermore, the
(Regression coefficient B)
regression formula is
[SHIFT][C][=]
–6.716296671–03
used to obtain the
(Regression coefficient C)
respective estimated
–13.38291067
values of y and x, when 16[SHIFT][y](y when xi=16)
xi = 16 and yi = 20.
20[SHIFT][x](x1 when yi=20)
47.14556728
[SHIFT][x](x2 when yi=20)
175.5872105
– 37 –
– 22 –
Example
To read the value of ∑x3, ∑x4 or ∑x2y, you can recall
memory [RCL] M, Y and X respectively.
– 33 –
10.
3306232.001
Display
(Lower)
Performing calculations
The following procedures are used to perform the various
linear regression calculations.
The regression formula is y = A + Bx + Cx2 where A, B, C are
regression coefficients.
C = [(n∑x2(∑x)2) (n∑x2y∑x2∑y )(n∑x3∑x2∑x) (n∑xy
∑x∑y)][(n∑x2(∑x)2) (n∑x4(∑x2)2)(n∑x3∑x2∑x)2]
B = [n∑xy∑x∑yC (n∑x3∑x2∑x)](n∑x2(∑x)2)
A = (∑yB∑xC∑x2) / n
– 29 –
[SHIFT][10x] 1.23 [=]
16.98243652
[SHIFT][ex]4.5[=]
90.0171313
[SHIFT][10x]4[][SHIFT][ex]
[(–)]4[]1.2[][SHIFT][10x]
2.3[=]
422.5878667
[(][(–)] 3 [)] [xy] 4 [=]
81.
[(–)] 3 [xy] 4 [=]
–81.
5.6 [xy] 2.3 [=]
52.58143837
7 [SHIFT][x√] 123 [=]
1.988647795
[(]78[]23[)][xy][(–)]12[=] 1.305111829–21
2[]3[]3[SHIFT][x√]64
[]4[=]
2[]3.4[xy][(]5[]6.7[)][=]
– 32 –
– 25 –
1.723757406
Logarithmic and Exponential Functions
Example
0.766044443
40.
Fractions
Fractions are input and displayed in the order of integer,
numerator and denominator. Values are automatically
displayed in decimal format whenever the total number of
digits of a fractional value (interger + numerator +
denominator + separator marks) exceeds 10.
– 21 –
Performing Hyperbolic and Inverse Hyperbolic Functions
Display
(Lower)
– 28 –
Deleting input data
There are various ways to delete value data, depending on
how and where it was entered.
Key operation
Result
[SHIFT][A][=]
[SHIFT][B][=]
[SHIFT][C][=]
[SHIFT][r][=]
[SHIFT][x][=]
[SHIFT][y][=]
[SHIFT][yσn]
[SHIFT][yσn–1]
[SHIFT][y]
[SHIFT][xσn]
[SHIFT][xσn–1]
[SHIFT][x]
[RCL][A]
[RCL][B]
[RCL][C]
[RCL][D]
[RCL][E]
[RCL][F]
Constant term of regression A
Regression coefficient B
Regression coefficient C
Correlation coefficient r
Estimated value of x
Estimated value of y
Population standard deviation, yσn
Sample standard deviation, yσn–1
Mean, y
Population standard deviation, xσn
Sample standard deviation, xσn–1
Mean, x
Sum of square of data, ∑x2
Sum of data, ∑x
Number of data, n
Sum of square of data, ∑y2
Sum of data, ∑y
Sum of data, ∑xy
Performing calculations
The following procedures are used to perform the various
linear regression calculations.
The regression formula is y = A + Bx. The constant term of
regression A, regression coefficient B, correlation r,
estimated value of x, and estimated value of y are
calculated as shown below:
A = ( ∑y∑x )/n
B = ( n∑xy∑x∑y ) / ( n∑x2(∑x )2)
r = ( n∑xy∑x∑y ) / √ (( n∑x2(∑x )2)( n∑y2(∑y )2))
y = A + Bx
x = ( yA) / B
Example 1 40 [DT] 20 [DT] 30 [DT] 50 [DT]
To delete 50, press [SHIFT] [CL].
Example 2 40 [DT] 20 [DT] 30 [DT] 50 [DT]
To delete 20, press 20 [SHIFT] [CL].
Example 3 30 [DT] 50 [DT] 120 [SHIFT] [;]
To delete 120 [SHIFT] [;] , press [ON/AC].
Example 4 30 [DT] 50 [DT] 120 [SHIFT] [;] 31
To delete 120 [SHIFT] [;] 31, press [AC].
– 27 –
Linear regression
Power regression
∑x
∑x2
∑y
∑y2
∑xy
∑Inx
∑(Inx)2
∑Iny
∑(Iny)2
∑Inx•Iny
Example
Operation
xi
yi
[MODE][3][4][1]
28
2410
("REG" then select Pwr regression)
30
3033
[SHIFT][Scl][=] (Memory cleared)
33
3895
28[,]2410[DT]
35
4491
30[,]3033[DT]
38
5717
33[,]3895[DT]
Through power
regression of the above 35[,]4491[DT]
data, the regression
38[,]5717[DT]
formula and correlation [SHIFT][A][=](Constant term A)
coefficient are obtained. [SHIFT][B][=]
Furthermore, the
(Regression coefficient B)
regression formula is
[SHIFT][r][=]
used to obtain the
(Correlation coefficient r)
respective estimated
values of y and x, when 40[SHIFT][y](y when xi=40)
xi = 40 and yi = 1000.
1000[SHIFT][x](x when yi=1000)
– 38 –
Display
0.
0.
28.
30.
33.
35.
38.
0.238801069
2.771866156
0.998906255
6587.674587
20.26225681
Inverse regression
Power regression calculations are carried out using the
following formula:
y = A + ( B/x )
Data input
Press [MODE] [3] [4] [2] to specify "inverse regression".
Press [SHIFT] [Scl] [=] to clear the statistical memories.
Input data in the following format: <x data>,<y data> [DT]
• To make multiple entries of the same data, follow
procedures described for linear regression.
– 31 –
– 35 –
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