Specifications | Atlantis Land 111U Network Router User Manual

INDEX
1. Introduction ....................................................................................................... 7
1.1 An Overview of WebShare 111U .................................................................. 7
1.2 Package Contents ....................................................................................... 8
1.3 Technical Features ...................................................................................... 9
1.4 WebShare 111U Application........................................................................11
2. Using WebShare 111U .......................................................................................11
2.1 Cautions for using the WebShare 111U .......................................................11
2.2 The Front LEDs ..........................................................................................12
2.3 The Rear Ports ..........................................................................................13
2.4 Cabling……. ...............................................................................................14
2.5 Ethernet Connection ..................................................................................15
2.6 USB Connection .........................................................................................16
2.7 USB Driver.. ........................................................................................... …16
3. Installing WebShare 111U.................................................................................18
3.1 Factory Default Setting...............................................................................18
3.2 TCP/IP Configuration .................................................................................19
3.3 Verification of TCP/IP Configuration ............................................................21
3.4 Browser Configuration ................................................................................22
4. Configuration with utility ....................................................................................22
4.1 WebShare Configuration Utility ...................................................................22
4.2 Browser Configuration ................................................................................30
4.3 Configuring Password.................................................................................32
4.4 Resetting the WebShare 111U ....................................................................32
5. Quick Start........................................................................................................33
5.1 Wizard Setup Introduction ..........................................................................33
6. LAN Setup.........................................................................................................38
6.1 LAN Overview ............................................................................................38
6.2 DNS Server Address ...................................................................................38
6.3 DNS Server Address Assignment .................................................................39
2
6.4 LAN TCP/IP……………………………………………………………………………………………40
6.5 Configuring LAN.........................................................................................42
7. WAN Setup .......................................................................................................44
7.1 WAN Overview ..........................................................................................44
7.2 PPPoE Encapsulation ..................................................................................44
7.3 PPTP Encapsulation....................................................................................44
7.4 Traffic Shaping ..........................................................................................45
7.5 Configuring WAN Setup ..............................................................................46
8. Network Address Translation (NAT) ....................................................................49
8.1 NAT Overview............................................................................................49
8.2 SUA (Single User Account) Versus NAT .......................................................53
8.3 Virtual Server and DMZ ..............................................................................53
8.4 Selecting the NAT Mode .............................................................................59
9. Access Management ..........................................................................................62
9.1 Access Control List (ACL)............................................................................62
9.2 Filter…………… ...........................................................................................64
9.3 SNMP……………. .........................................................................................68
9.4 UPnP………………. .......................................................................................68
9.5 Dynamic DNS ............................................................................................70
10. Advanced Setup ..............................................................................................71
10.1 Routing………… ........................................................................................71
10.2 NAT…………….. .........................................................................................74
10.3 Virtual Server...........................................................................................74
10.4 IP Address Mapping .................................................................................75
10.5 QoS……………. ..........................................................................................77
10.6 ADSL……………. ........................................................................................80
10.7 Firewall………….. ......................................................................................80
11. Manteinance ...................................................................................................81
11.1 Administration .........................................................................................81
11.2 Time Zone ...............................................................................................82
11.3 Firmware……… .........................................................................................83
3
11.4 SysRestart ...............................................................................................84
11.5 Diagnostic 85
12. Status .............................................................................................................86
12.1 Device Info ..............................................................................................86
12.2 System Log .............................................................................................87
12.3 Statistics 88
APPENDIX A: Troubleshooting................................................................................90
APPENDICE B: Technical Specifications ...................................................................96
APPENDICE C: Support ..........................................................................................97
A02-RA111U(v1.5)_ME01 (v1.0 Mar 2009)
4
Copyright Statement
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, whether electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior writing of the publisher.
Windows™ 98SE/2000/ME/XP/VISTA are trademarks of Microsoft® Corp. Pentium is
trademark of Intel. All copyright reserved.
The Atlantis Land logo is a registered trademark of Atlantis Land. All other names
mentioned mat be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Subject to change without notice. No liability for technical errors and/or omissions.
CE Mark Warning
In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio interference, in which case
the user may be required to take adequate measures.
CE/EMC Restriction of Liability
The product described in this handbook was designed, produced and approved
according to the EMC-regulations and is certified to be within EMC limitations.
If the product is used in an uncertified PC, the manufacturer undertakes no warranty
in respect to the EMC limits. The described product in this handbook was constructed,
produced and certified so that the measured values are within EMC limitations. In
practice and under special circumstances, it may be possible, that the product may be
outside of the given limits if it is used in a PC that is not produced under EMC
certification. It is also possible in certain cases and under special circumstances,
which the given EMC peak values will become out of tolerance. In these cases, the
user himself is responsible for compliance with the EMC limits.
5
Declaration of Conformity
Hereby, Sidin SpA, declares that this product (A02-RA111U) is in compliance to all
relevant essential requirements of R&TTE Directive (99/5/CE). CE Declaration is
available on the web site www.atlantis-land.com.
Important information for the correct recycle/treatment
procedures of this equipment
The mentioned information are reported herewith in compliance with directive
2002/95/CE, 2002/96/CE and 2003/108/CE which requires a separate collection
system and specific treatment and disposal procedures for the waste of electric and
electronic equipments.
The crossed-out wheeled bin symbol printed on the unit label or unit packaging
indicates that this equipment must not be disposed of as unsorted municipal waste but
it should be collected separately.
The waste of electric and electronic equipment must be treated separately, in order to
ensure that hazardous materials contained inside the equipment are not buried
thereby providing potential future problems for the environment and human health.
Moreover, it will be possible to reuse and recycle some parts of the waste of electric
and electronic equipment, contributing to reduce the quantities of waste to be
disposed of and the depletion of natural resources.
As user of this equipment, you are responsible to contact the producer to know the
correct procedure in the separate collection system for the waste of electric and
electronic equipments.
Your rôle in participating to the separate collection of waste of electric and electronic
equipment is essential to ensure that environmental protection and human health
objectives connected to a responsible treatment and recycling activities are achieved.
6
1. Introduction
1.1 An Overview of WebShare 111U
Welcome to the WebShare 111U. Your WebShare 111U is an “all-in-one” unit,
combining an ADSL2+ modem, ADSL router and Ethernet network switch, providing
everything you need to get the machines on your network connected to the Internet
over your ADSL broadband connection.
The WebShare 111U complies with ADSL2+ standards for worldwide deployment and
supports downstream rates of up to 24 Mbps and upstream rates of up to 1 Mbps. It is
designed for small office, home office and residential users, enabling even faster
speed Internet connections. User can enjoy ADSL services and broadband multimedia
applications such as interactive gaming, video streaming and real-time audio much
easier and faster than ever before.
The product supports PPPoA (RFC 2364 – PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) over ATM
Adaptation Layer 5), RFC 1483 encapsulation over ATM (bridged or routed), PPP over
Ethernet (RFC 2516), and IPoA (RFC1577) to establish a connection with ISP. The
product also supports VC-based and LLC-based multiplexing.
It is the perfect solution to connect a small group of PCs to a high-speed broadband
Internet connection. Multi-users can have high-speed Internet access simultaneously.
This product also serves as an Internet firewall, protecting your network from being
accessed by outside users. Not only provide the natural firewall function (Network
Address Translation, NAT), it also provides rich firewall features to secure user’s
network. All incoming data packets are monitored and filtered. Besides, it can also be
configured to block internal users from accessing to the Internet.
The product provides two levels of security support. First, it masks LAN users’ IP
addresses which are invisible to outside users on the Internet, making it much more
difficult for a hacker to target a machine on your network. Secondly, it can block and
redirect certain ports to limit the services that outside users can access. For example,
to ensure that games and other Internet applications will run properly, user can open
some specific ports for outside users to access internal services in network.
Integrated DHCP (Dynamic Host Control Protocol) services, client and server, allow
multiple users to get their IP addresses automatically on boot up from the product.
Simply set local machines as a DHCP client to accept a dynamically assigned IP
address from DHCP server and reboot. Each time local machine is powered up; the
router will recognize it and assign an IP address to instantly connect it to the LAN.
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For advanced users, Virtual Service function allows the product to provide limited
visibility to local machines with specific services for outside users. An ISP (Internet
Service Providers) provided IP address can be set to the product and then specific
services can be rerouted to specific computers on the local network. For instance, a
dedicated web server can be connected to the Internet via the product and then
incoming requests for HTML that are received by the product can be rerouted to the
dedicated local web server, even though the server now has a different IP address. In
this example, the product is on the Internet and vulnerable to attacks, but the server
is protected.
Virtual Server can also be used to re-task services to multiple servers. For instance,
the product can be set to allow separated FTP, Web, and Multiplayer game servers to
share the same Internet-visible IP address while still protecting the servers and LAN
users from hackers.
1.2 Package Contents
Unpack the package and check all the items carefully. If any item contained is
damaged or missing, please contact your local dealer as soon as possible. Also, keep
the box and packing materials in case you need to ship the unit in the future. The
package should contain the following items:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
WebShare 111U
Power Supply
Cat 5 LAN cable (RJ-45 connector)
Phone cable (RJ-11 connector)
USB cable
Multilanguage Quick Start Guide (English, Italian and Francais)
Cd-Rom with driver, utility and multilanguage manual
Warranty Card
WEEE Disclaimer
If any item is found missing or damaged, please contact your local reseller for
replacement.
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1.3 Technical Features
Technical charateristics of WebShare 111U:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ADSL Multi-Mode Standard: supports downstream rates of up to 24
Mbps and upstream rates of up to 1 Mbps. It also supports rate
management that allows ADSL subscribers to select an Internet access
speed suiting their needs and budgets. It is compliant with Multi-Mode
standard (ANSI T1.413, Issue 2; G.dmt(G.992.1); G.lite(G992.2)), G.hs
(G994.1), G.dmt.bis (G.992.3), G.dmt.bisplus (G.992.5)). The Annex A and
B are supported in different H/W platforms.
Multi-Protocol to Establish A Connection: Supports PPPoA (RFC 2364
- PPP over ATM Adaptation Layer 5), RFC 1483 encapsulation over ATM
(bridged or routed), PPP over Ethernet (RFC 2516) and IPoA (RFC1577) to
establish a connection with the ISP. The product also supports VC-based
and LLC-based multiplexing.
Dual-Port Modem/Router: A 10/100Mbps fast Ethernet router is built
in with automatic switching between MDI and MDI-X for 10Base-T and
100Base-TX ports. An Ethernet straight or cross-over cable can be used
directly for auto detection.
Network Address Translation (NAT): Allows multi-users to access
outside resources such as the Internet simultaneously with one IP
address/one Internet access account. Many application layer gateway
(ALG) are supported such as web browser, ICQ, FTP, Telnet, E-mail, News,
Net2phone, Ping, NetMeeting, IP phone and others.
Firewall: Supports simple firewall with NAT technology and provides
option for blocking access from Internet, like Telnet, FTP, TFTP, WEB,
SNMP and IGMP.
Domain Name System (DNS) relay: Provides an easy way to map the
domain name (a friendly name for users such as www.yahoo.com) and IP
address. When a local machine sets its DNS server with this router’s IP
address, every DNS conversion request packet from the PC to this router
will be forwarded to the real DNS in the outside network.
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE): Provides embedded PPPoE client function
to establish a connection. Users can get greater access speed without
changing the operation concept, sharing the same ISP account and paying
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
for one access account. No PPPoE client software is required for local
computer. The Automatic Reconnect and Disconnect Timeout (Idle Timer)
functions are provided, too.
Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP) client and server: In the
WAN site, the DHCP client can get an IP address from the Internet Service
Provider (ISP) automatically. In the LAN site, the DHCP server can allocate
a range of client IP addresses and distribute them including IP address,
subnet mask as well as DNS IP address to local computers. It provides an
easy way to manage the local IP network.
RIP1/2 Routing: Supports RIP1/2 routing protocol for routing capability.
Web based GUI: Supports web based GUI for configuration and
management. It is user-friendly and comes with on-line help. It also
supports remote management capability for remote users to configure and
manage this product.
Quick Installation Wizard: Supports a WEB GUI page to install this
device quickly. With this wizard, end users can
enter the information
easily which they get from their ISP, then surf the Internet immediately.
Packet Filtering: Up to 72 rules.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) e UPnP NAT Traversal: This protocol
is used to enable simple and robust connectivity among stand-alone
devices and PCs from many different vendors. It makes network simple
and affordable for users. UPnP architecture leverages TCP/IP and the Web
to enable seamless proximity networking in addition to control and data
transfer among networked devices. With this feature enabled, users can
now connect to Net meeting or MSN Messenger seamlessly.
Virtual Server: User can specify some services to be visible from outside
users. The router can detect incoming service request and forward it to the
specific local computer to handle it. For example, user can assign a PC in
LAN acting as WEB server inside and expose it to the outside network.
Outside user can browse inside web server directly while it is protected by
NAT. A DMZ host setting is also provided to a local computer exposed to
the outside network, Internet.
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1.4 WebShare 111U Application
Follow the followings steps to cabling the device:
•
•
•
Connect WAN Port to the telephone line throught RJ-11 cable (contained in
package).
WebShare 111U can be connect in the following configuration:
¾
Directly to the PC, throught CAT5 cables (one is contained in
package) or USB cable (also provided with the device).
¾
To an Hub/Switch throught UPLINK Port thought CAT 5 cable
(contained in package).
Connect AC-DC Adapter on AC and on device (POWER jack) in the reat r of
the product.
2. Using WebShare 111U
2.1 Cautions for using the WebShare 111U
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not place the 111U under high humidity and high temperature.
Do not use the same power source for 111U with other equipment.
Do not open or repair the case yourself.
If the 111U is too hot, turn off the power immediately and have a
qualified serviceman repair it.
Place the 111U on a stable surface.
Only use the power adapter that comes with the package.
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2.2 The Front LEDs
LED
PWR
LAN
MEANING
Lit red when power is ON.
Lit green when the system is ready.
•
•
•
Lit when connected to an Ethernet device.
Lit green for both 10M and 100M.
Blinking when data is Transmitted / Received.
USB
Lit when the device is connected to the PC and is working
properly.
ADSL
Lit when successfully connected to an ADSL DSLAM
(“linesync”).
PPP
•
•
Lit red when WAN fails to get IP address.
Lit green when WAN gets the IP address.
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2.3 The Rear Ports
PORT
MEANING
LINE (RJ11)
Connect the supplied RJ-11 (“telephone”) cable to this
port when connecting to the ADSL/telephone network.
USB
User can connect to PC using an alternative USB cable
through this port.
LAN (RJ45)
RESET
Connect a UTP Ethernet cable (Cat-5 or Cat-5e) to the
Ethernet port when connecting to a PC or an office/home
network of 10Mbps or 100Mbps.
After the device is powered on, press it to reset the device
or restore to factory default settings.
•
0-3 seconds: reset the device
•
6 seconds above: restore to factory default
settings (this is used when you cannot login to
the router, e.g. forgot the password)
POWER (jack)
Connect the supplied power adapter to this jack.
POWER (On/Off)
Power ON/OFF switch.
13
2.4 Cabling
First you must connect the product to the ADSL line through the RJ11 cable you have
in equipment (in the port LINE) and connect the AC Adapter to the WebShare 111U
and then to the socket. Once you’ve checked all the connections and you’ve switched
on the Router the product will carry on immediately a diagnosis (about 10 seconds).
Finished this, the Led PWR will be fixed green and Led PPP will be fixed red; DSL will
blink during sinchonization, and will be fixed when ADSL line is synchronized with
WebShare 111U. If Led DSL blink continuously, please contact Your ISP in order to
check ADSL line state.
Ensure that all other devices connected to the same telephone line as your WebShare
(e.g. telephones, fax machines, analog modems) have a line filter (A01-AF2)
connected between them and the wall socket (unless you are using a Central Splitter
or Central Filter installed by a qualified and licensed electrician), and ensure that all
line filters are correctly installed and the right way around.
14
2.5 Ethernet Connection
WebShare 111U is equipped with a 10/100 Mbps Ethernet port (with RJ-45 connector)
to permits the connection between a PC (with Fast Ethernet NIC and TCP/IP stack
installed) and the Modem/Router.
For operationg systems older than Windows 2000, you might
install TCP/IP stack separately in order to use WebShare 111U.
After cable connection, WebShare 111U will provide automatically an IP Address to the
PC connected (the DHCP range is 192.168.1.100-192.168.1.199).
For any problem with DHCP Server service, please refer to
“TCP/IP Configuration”.
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2.6 USB Connection
Do not plug USB Modem to Your PC before install USB
driver.
WebShare 111U also has provided with an USB port in order to connect the device
with a PC using a free USB port (rev1.1 or 2.0).
2.7 USB Driver
To use WebShare 111U with USB connection, You have to install driver provided into
Cd-Rom. Please follow this instructions in order to install USB driver:
1.
Insert the CD-ROM and the Auto-run program will appear. Altenatively, you
may need to proceed the software manually; go to your Windows Start
menu
and
choose
Run,
type
“<CDROM>:\A02RA111U\Driver\<OSVer>\SETUP.EXE” in dialog box and click OK.
D:\ will depends on where the CD-ROM drive is located and
<Windows OS> will depend on the Windows OS you are using.
2.
3.
Click on “A02-RA111U” icon to select WebShare 111U Home Page.
Select the driver according to your operating system, and the install wizard
will begin installing the software.
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4.
Select the installation mode between Typical (suggested), Compact and
Custom.
4a.
Choosing Custom installation’s method, you have to confirm destination
path for driver installation and which components You have to install.
Now, the installation utility will ask You to plug USB modem to your PC.
5.
17
When You plug USB modem to your PC, the operating system
can start an automatic procedure to install new devices; please
stop this in order to complete the installation.
6.
Follow instrunctions shown on the screen in order to complete the
installation.
3. Installing WebShare 111U
Before configuring this device, you have to check with your ISP (Internet Service
Provider) what kind of service is provided such as PPPoE, PPPoA, RFC1483, or IPoA.
Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.
PPPoE
PPPoA
VPI and VCI
VC-based / LLC-based multiplexing
Username and Password
Service Name
VPI and VCI
VC-based / LLC-based multiplexing
Username and Password
RFC1483
Bridged
VPI/VCI
VC-based / LLC-based multiplexing
RFC1483
Routed
VPI/VCI
VC-based / LLC-based multiplexing
IP address
Subnet mask
Default Gateway (IP address)
IP address (DNS)
3.1 Factory Default Setting
Before configuring your, you need to know the following default settings:
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Username: admin
Password: atlantis
LAN IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
ISP setting in WAN side: PPPoA, VCMux, Routing, VPI=8, VCI=35
Firewall=Enabled , SPI=Disabled
DHCP Server enabled with IP pool from 192.168.1.100 to 192.168.1.199
If you ever forget the password to log in, you may press the RESET button
up to 6 seconds to restore the factory default settings.
LAN Interface
IP address
192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP Server
Enabled
DHCP Server IP Pool
100 IP available (from
192.168.1.100 to
192.168.1.199)
WAN Interface
Mode=Routing
Encapsulation=PPPoA
Multiplex=VC
VPI=8
VCI=35
3.2 TCP/IP Configuration
PCs must have an Ethernet interface installed properly and be connected to the router
either directly or through an external repeater hub, and have TCP/IP installed and
configured to obtain an IP address through a DHCP server or a fixed IP address that
must be in the same subnet as the router. The default IP address of the router is
192.168.1.254 and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 (i.e. any attached PC must be in
the same subnet, and have an IP address in the range of 192.168.1.1 to
192.168.1.253). The best and easiest way is to configure the PC to get an IP address
automatically from the router using DHCP. If you encounter any problems accessing
the router’s web interface it may also be advisable to uninstall any kind of software
firewall on your PCs, as they can cause problems accessing the 192.168.1.254 IP
address of the router. Users should make their own decisions on how to best protect
their network.
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Please follow the steps below for your PC’s network environment installation. First of
all, please check your PC’s network components. The TCP/IP protocol stack and
Ethernet network adapter must be installed. If not, please refer to your Windowsrelated or other operating system manuals.
Any TCP/IP capable workstation can be used to communicate with or
through the WebShare 111U. To configure other types of
workstations, please consult the manufacturer’s documentation.
Configuring PC (Windows 2000)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Go to Start -> Settings -> Control Panel. In the Control Panel, doubleclick on Network and Dial-up Connections.
Double-click LAN Area Connection.
In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click Properties.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS
server address automatically radio buttons.
Click OK to finish the configuration.
Configuring PC (Windows XP)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Go to Start -> Control Panel (in Classic View). In the Control Panel,
double-click on Network Connections.
Double-click Local Area Connection.
In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click Properties.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS
server address automatically radio buttons.
Click OK to finish the configuration
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Configuring PC (Windows Vista)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Go to Start -> Control Panel (in Classic View). In the Control Panel,
double-click on Network and Sharing Center icon.
Click Manage Network connections then double-click Local Area
Connection. Click Properties.
Click Continue (Windows needs your permission to continue).
Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS
server address automatically radio buttons.
Click OK to finish the configuration.
Configuring for MAC
7.
8.
9.
10.
Click on Apple Menu and select Control Panel/TCP/IP. It will appear
the follow screen.
Select Ethernet on Connect Via.
Select Using DHCP Server on Configure.
Leave empty the field DHCP Client ID.
3.3 Verification of TCP/IP Configuration
To verify your correct configuration (after PC restart, necessary for Windows 98, 98Se,
ME and instead enough obtain IP lease for XP, 2000),use ping command. From a DOS
Window, type:
ping 192.168.1.254
If It show you this message:
Pinging 192.168.1.254 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 192.168.1.254: bytes=32 times<10ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.1.254: bytes=32 times<10ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.1.254: bytes=32 times<10ms TTL=64
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It i s possibile to continue to follow step. If it show you follow message:
Pinging 192.168.1.254 with 32 bytes of data:
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Check that LAN LED is lit (change CAT cable if is not). Check PC IP Address typing
winipcfg for (Win95,98,ME) or ipconfig (for Win2000,XP) and eventually re-install
TCP/IP stack.
3.4 Browser Configuration
Now open IE, go to Instruments menu, select the Connections tab and select one
of the following options:
•
•
Never use remote connection
Use remote connection if another network connection isn’t available
4. Configuration with utility
4.1 WebShare Configuration Utility
WebShare 111U has provided with an easy installation utility in order to make
installation more easy and simple.
To start the configuration utility, please follow these instructions:
1.
Insert the CD-ROM and the Auto-run program will appear. Altenatively, you
may need to proceed the software manually; go to your Windows Start
menu
and
choose
Run,
type
“<CDROM>:\A02RA111U\Utility\UTILITY.EXE” in dialog box and click OK.
D:\ will depends on where the CD-ROM drive is located and
<Windows OS> will depend on the Windows OS you are using.
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2.
Click on WebShare Configuration Assistant icon to select the utility.
Step 1: Welcome
23
Step 2: Hardware Installation
The Hardware Installation screen will appear. Four links are shown on the screen. Click
them one by one and follow the guidelines to complete hardware installation.
24
Step 3: Network Card Selection
Please select ADSL Company ADSL USB Modem interface to
use WebShare thorugh USB port. If this interface will not show
into the interface list, please remove and re-install USB driver.
25
Step 4: Diagnostic 1
If connection fails, the screen will show FAIL, please check your router if it is
connected correctly.
26
Step 5: Configuration Details
Set up more detailed settings such as VPI, VCI and MTU.
Please enter Username and Password as supplied by your ISP (Internet Service
Provider).
27
Step 6: Diagnostic 2
28
Step 7: Setup Completed
Congratulations!! You’ve completed the setup procedure and are ready to surf the
Internet. The IE browser will open up automatically when you finish installing.
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4.2 Browser Configuration
Open your web browser, enter the IP address of your router, which by default is
192.168.1.254, and click Go.
The default username and password are admin and atlantis.
Now, You have access to the Site Map Configuration Interface, subdivided as
following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Quick Start (Run Wizard)
Interface Setup (Internet, LAN)
Advanced Setup (Routing, NAT, QoS, ADSL, Firewall)
Access Management (ACL, IP Filter, SNMP, UPnP, DDNS)
Maintenance (Administration, Time Zone, Firmware,
Diagnostics)
Status (Device Info, System Log, Statistics)
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SysRestart,
Click on the desired item to expand the page with all settings in the main navigation
panel.
Click on the desired item to expand the page with all settings in the main navigation
panel.
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4.3 Configuring Password
It is highly recommended that you change the password for accessing the ADSL
Router. To change the ADSL Router’ password, click Maintenance and then
Administration . The screen appears as shown:
The following table describes the labels in this screen:
Label
New Password
Confirm Password
Save
Cancel
Description
Type the new password in this field.
Type the new password again in this field.
Click Apply to save your changes back to the ADSL Router.
Click Cancel to begin configuring this screen afresh.
4.4 Resetting the WebShare 111U
If you forget your password or cannot access the WebShare 111U, you will need to
reload the factory-default configuration file or use the RESET button the back of the
ADSL Router. Uploading this configuration file replaces the current configuration file
with the factory-default configuration file.
4.4.1 Using the RESET button
1.
Make sure the SYS PWR is on (not blinking).
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2.
Press the RESET button for 10 (or more) seconds, and then release it.
When the PWR LED begins red, the defaults have been restored and the
ADSL Router restarts.
5. Quick Start
This chapter provides information on the Wizard Setup screens in the web
configurator.
5.1 Wizard Setup Introduction
Use the Wizard Setup screens to configure your system for Internet access settings
and fill in the fields with the information in the Internet Account Information table of
the Compact Guide or Read Me First. Your ISP may have already configured some of
the fields in the wizard screens for you.
5.1.1 Encapsulation
Be sure to use the encapsulation method required by your ISP. The ADSL Router
supports the following methods:
•
•
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE RFC 2516): PPPoE provides access control
and billing functionality in a manner similar to dial-up services using PPP.
The ADSL Router bridges a PPP session over Ethernet (PPP over Ethernet,
RFC 2516) from your computer to an ATM PVC (Permanent Virtual Circuit)
which connects to ADSL Access Concentrator where the PPP session
terminates. One PVC can support any number of PPP sessions from your
LAN. For more information on PPPoE, see the appendix.
PPP over ATM (PPPoA RFC2364): PPPoA stands for Point to Point
Protocol over ATM Adaptation Layer 5 (AAL5). It provides access control
and billing functionality in a manner similar to dial-up services using PPP.
The ADSL Router encapsulates the PPP session based on RFC1483 and
sends it through an ATM PVC (Permanent Virtual Circuit) to the Internet
Service Provider's (ISP) DSLAM (digital access multiplexer). Please refer to
RFC 2364 for more information on PPPoA. Refer to RFC 1661 for more
information on PPP.
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•
RFC 1483 (Bridged and Routed Mode): RFC 1483 describes two
methods for Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5
(AAL5). The first method allows multiplexing of multiple protocols over a
single ATM virtual circuit (LLC-based multiplexing) and the second method
assumes that each protocol is carried over a separate ATM virtual circuit
(VC-based multiplexing). Please refer to the RFC for more detailed
information.
5.1.2 Multiplexing
There are two conventions to identify what protocols the virtual circuit (VC) is carrying.
Be sure to use the multiplexing method required by your ISP.
The WebShare 111U Modem/Router supports followings tran sport methods:
•
•
VC-Based Multiplexing: In this case, by prior mutual agreement, each
protocol is assigned to a specific virtual circuit; for example, VC1 carries IP,
etc. VC-based multiplexing may be dominant in environments where
dynamic creation of large numbers of ATM VCs is fast and economical.
LLC-Based Multiplexing: In this case one VC carries multiple protocols
with protocol identifying information being contained in each packet
header. Despite the extra bandwidth and processing overhead, this
method may be advantageous if it is not practical to have a separate VC
for each carried protocol, for example, if charging heavily depends on the
number of simultaneous VCs.
5.1.3 VPI and VCI
Be sure to use the correct Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Channel Identifier
(VCI) numbers assigned to you. The valid range for the VPI is 0 to 255 and for the VCI
is 32 to 65535 (0 to 31 is reserved for local management of ATM traffic). Please see
the appendix for more information.
5.1.4 Quick Start
Following next steps you can make operating WebShare 111U in short time using PCs
in DHCP mode. Click on Quick Start then Run Wizard to perform an automatic
protocol selection.
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The following screen will appear:
You can change the password as you like and then click Next to continue; select your
time zone from the drop down list. Please click Next to continue.
Select how the router will set up the Internet connection:
•
•
PPPoE/PPPoA: to obtain IP automatically (You need username and
password).
Static IP address: this configuration is valid in case of a subscription
with a static IP.
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PPPoE/PPPoA
PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) is an ADSL connection known as dial-up DSL. As the
PPPoA it has been created to integrate large band services paying a particular
attention to an easy configuration. The user can obtain an high access speed and he
can also share the same account with the ISP. No additional software are required.
This configuration is valid in case of a subscription with a static IP and active NAT
(SUA) (for the managing of the public class turn to the CD handbook). Let’s see how
to configure correctly this kind of ADSL configuration.
Insert Username and Password and make sure that the parameters are, in case of
PPPoA, the ones in the picture, if not specifically shown by the ISP.
In case of PPPoE choose Connection Type=PPPoE LLC and click on Next.
You have to pay particular attention to the WAN-ADSL connection. If
you have any doubt turn to qualified personnel or contact AtlantisLand technical assistance. Atlantis Land will not be considered
responsible in case of wrong or bad configuration.
36
Static IP Address
This configuration is valid in case of a subscription with a static IP and active NAT SUA
(for the managing of the public class turn to the CD Manual). Make sure that the
parameters are, in case of RFC1483, the ones in the picture, if not specifically shown
by the ISP.
Insert then the public static IP address given by the ISP and choose Connection
Type=1483 Routed IP LLC(IPoA). Make sure that the parameters are, the ones in
the picture, if not specifically shown by the ISP.
Cliccare on Next.
5.1.5 Wizard Setup Configuration: Connection Tests
Launch your web browser and navigate to www.atlantis-land.com Internet access is
just the beginning. Refer to the rest of this User’s Guide for more detailed information
on the complete range of ADSL Router features. If you cannot access the Internet,
open the web configurator again to confirm that the Internet settings you configured
in the Wizard Setup are correct.
37
The Webshare 111U automatically tests the connection to the computer(s) connected
to the LAN ports. To test the connection from the ADSL Router to the ISP, click
Maintenance then Diagnose.
6. LAN Setup
This chapter describes how to configure LAN settings.
6.1 LAN Overview
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system to which many
computers are attached. A LAN is a computer network limited to the immediate area,
usually the same building or floor of a building.
The LAN screens can help you configure a LAN DHCP server and manage IP
addresses.
6.1.1 LANs, WANs and the ADSL Router
The actual physical connection determines whether the ADSL Router ports are LAN or
WAN ports. There are two separate IP networks, one inside, the LAN network; the
other outside: the WAN network as shown next:
6.2 DNS Server Address
DNS (Domain Name System) is for mapping a domain name to its corresponding IP
address and vice versa, for example, the IP address of www.atlantis-land.com is
204.217.0.2. The DNS server is extremely important because without it, you must
38
know the IP address of a machine before you can access it. The DNS server addresses
that you enter in the DHCP setup are passed to the client machines along with the
assigned IP address and subnet mask.
There are two ways that an ISP disseminates the DNS server addresses. The first is for
an ISP to tell a customer the DNS server addresses, usually in the form of an
information sheet, when s/he signs up. If your ISP gives you the DNS server
addresses, enter them in the DNS Server fields in DHCP Setup, otherwise, leave them
blank.
Some ISP’s choose to pass the DNS servers using the DNS server extensions of PPP
IPCP (IP Control Protocol) after the connection is up. If your ISP did not give you
explicit DNS servers, chances are the DNS servers are conveyed through IPCP
negotiation. The ADSL Router supports the IPCP DNS server extensions through the
DNS proxy feature.
If the Primary and Secondary DNS Server fields in DHCP Setup are not specified, for
instance, left as 0.0.0.0, the ADSL Router tells the DHCP clients that it itself is the DNS
server. When a computer sends a DNS query to the ADSL Router, the ADSL Router
forwards the query to the real DNS server learned through IPCP and relays the
response back to the computer.
Please note that DNS proxy works only when the ISP uses the IPCP DNS server
extensions. It does not mean you can leave the DNS servers out of the DHCP setup
under all circumstances. If your ISP gives you explicit DNS servers, make sure that you
enter their IP addresses in the DHCP Setup menu. This way, the ADSL Router can pass
the DNS servers to the computers and the computers can query the DNS server
directly without the ADSL Router’s intervention.
6.3 DNS Server Address Assignment
Use DNS (Domain Name System) to map a domain name to its corresponding IP
address and vice versa. The DNS server is extremely important because without it, you
must know the IP address of a computer before you can access it.
There are two ways that an ISP disseminates the DNS server addresses:
1.
The ISP tells you the DNS server addresses, usually in the form of an
information sheet, when you sign up. If your ISP gives you DNS server
addresses, enter them in the DNS Server fields in DHCP Setup.
39
2.
Leave the DNS Server fields in DHCP Setup blank (for example 0.0.0.0).
The ADSL Router acts as a DNS proxy when this field is blank.
6.4 LAN TCP/IP
The ADSL Router has built-in DHCP server capability that assigns IP addresses and
DNS servers to systems that support DHCP client capability.
6.4.1 Factory LAN Defaults
The LAN parameters of the ADSL Router are preset in the factory with the following
values:
1.
2.
IP address of 192.168.1.254 with subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 (24 bits)
DHCP server enabled with 100 client IP addresses starting from
192.168.1.100.
These parameters should work for the majority of installations. If your ISP gives you
explicit DNS server address(es), read the embedded web configurator help regarding
what fields need to be configured.
6.4.2 IP Address and Subnet Mask
Refer to the IP Address and Subnet Mask section in the Wizard Setup chapter for
this information.
6.4.3 RIP Setup
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) allows a router to exchange routing information
with other routers. The RIP Direction field controls the sending and receiving of RIP
packets. When set to:
1.
2.
3.
Both - the ADSL Router will broadcast its routing table periodically and
incorporate the RIP information that it receives.
In Only - the ADSL Router will not send any RIP packets but will accept all
RIP packets received.
Out Only - the ADSL Router will send out RIP packets but will not accept
any RIP packets received.
40
4.
None - the ADSL Router will not send any RIP packets and will ignore any
RIP packets received.
The Dynamic Route field controls the format and the broadcasting method of the RIP
packets that the ADSL Router sends (it recognizes both formats when receiving). RIP1 is universally supported; but RIP-2 carries more information. RIP-1 is probably
adequate for most networks, unless you have an unusual network topology.
Both RIP-2B and RIP-2M sends the routing data in RIP-2 format; the difference being
that RIP-2B uses subnet broadcasting while RIP-2M uses multicasting.
6.4.4 Multicast
Traditionally, IP packets are transmitted in one of either two ways - Unicast (1 sender
- 1 recipient) or Broadcast (1 sender - everybody on the network). Multicast delivers IP
packets to a group of hosts on the network - not everybody and not just 1.
IGMP (Internet Group Multicast Protocol) is a network-layer protocol used to establish
membership in a Multicast group - it is not used to carry user data. IGMP version 2
(RFC 2236) is an improvement over version 1 (RFC 1112) but IGMP version 1 is still in
wide use. If you would like to read more detailed information about interoperability
between IGMP version 2 and version 1, please see sections 4 and 5 of RFC 2236. The
class D IP address is used to identify host groups and can be in the range 224.0.0.0 to
239.255.255.255. The address 224.0.0.0 is not assigned to any group and is used by
IP multicast computers. The address 224.0.0.1 is used for query messages and is
assigned to the permanent group of all IP hosts (including gateways). All hosts must
join the 224.0.0.1 group in order to participate in IGMP. The address 224.0.0.2 is
assigned to the multicast routers group.
The ADSL Router supports both IGMP version 1 (IGMP-v1) and IGMP version 2 (IGMPv2). At start up, the ADSL Router queries all directly connected networks to gather
group membership. After that, the ADSL Router periodically updates this information.
IP multicasting can be enabled/disabled on the ADSL Router LAN and/or WAN
interfaces in the web configurator (LAN; WAN). Select None to disable IP multicasting
on these interfaces.
41
6.5 Configuring LAN
Click Interface Setup, then LAN to open the following screen:
The following table describes the labels in this screen:
Router Local IP
Description
Enter the IP address of the ADSL Router in dotted decimal
notation, for example, 192.168.1.254 (factory default).
IP Subnet Mask Type the subnet mask assigned to you by your ISP (if given).
Field
IP Address
42
RIP Direction
Dynamic Route
Multicast
IGMP Snoop
Save
Cancel
Field
DHCP
Starting IP
Address
IP Pool count
Lease Time
DNS Relay
Primary DNS
Server
Secondary DNS
Server
Save
Cancel
Select the RIP direction from None, Both, In Only and Out Only.
Select the RIP version from RIP-1, RIP-2B and RIP-2M.
IGMP (Internet Group Multicast Protocol) is a session-layer
protocol used to establish membership in a multicast group. The
ADSL Router supports both IGMP version 1 (IGMP-v1) and IGMPv2. Select None to disable it.
Choose Disable or Enable IGMP Snoop function
Click this button to save these settings back to the ADSL Router.
Click this button to reset the fields in this screen.
DHCP
Description
If set to Enabled, the ADSL Router can assign IP addresses, an IP
default gateway and DNS servers to Windows 95, Windows NT
and other systems that support the DHCP client.
If set to Disabled, the DHCP server will be disabled.
If set to Relay, the ADSL Router acts as a surrogate DHCP server
and relays DHCP requests and responses between the remote
server and the clients. Enter the IP address of the actual, remote
DHCP server in the Remote DHCP Server field in this case.
When DHCP is used, the following items need to be set:
This field specifies the first of the contiguous addresses in the IP
address pool.
This field specifies the size or count of the IP address pool.
This field specifies the length of time for the IP lease.
If user want to disable this feature, he just need to set both
Primary and secondary DNS IP to 0.0.0.0. Using DNS relay, users
can setup DNS server IP to 192.168.1.1 on their Computer. If not,
device will perform as no DNS relay.
Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers are
passed to the
DHCP clients along with the IP address and the subnet mask.
As above.
Click this button to save these settings back to the ADSL Router.
Click this button to reset the fields in this screen.
43
7. WAN Setup
This chapter describes how to configure WAN settings.
7.1 WAN Overview
A WAN (Wide Area Network) is an outside connection to another network or the
Internet.
See the Wizard Setup chapter for more information on the fields in the WAN screens.
7.2 PPPoE Encapsulation
The ADSL Router supports PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet). PPPoE is an
IETF Draft standard (RFC 2516) specifying how a personal computer (PC) interacts
with a broadband modem (DSL, cable, wireless, etc.) connection. The PPPoE option is
for a dial-up connection using PPPoE.
For the service provider, PPPoE offers an access and authentication method that works
with existing access control systems (for example Radius). PPPoE provides a login and
authentication method that the existing Microsoft Dial-Up Networking software can
activate, and therefore requires no new learning or procedures for Windows users.
One of the benefits of PPPoE is the ability to let you access one of multiple network
services, a function known as dynamic service selection. This enables the service
provider to easily create and offer new IP services for individuals.
Operationally, PPPoE saves significant effort for both you and the ISP or carrier, as it
requires no specific configuration of the broadband modem at the customer site.
By implementing PPPoE directly on the ADSL Router (rather than individual
computers), the computers on the LAN do not need PPPoE software installed, since
the ADSL Router does that part of the task. Furthermore, with NAT, all of the LANs’
computers will have access.
7.3 PPTP Encapsulation
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is a network protocol that enables secure
transfer of data from a remote client to a private server, creating a Virtual Private
Network (VPN) using TCP/IP-based networks.
PPTP supports on-demand, multi-protocol and virtual private networking over public
networks, such as the Internet.
44
7.4 Traffic Shaping
Traffic Shaping is an agreement between the carrier and the subscriber to regulate the
average rate and “burstiness” or fluctuation of data transmission over an ATM
network. This agreement helps eliminate congestion, which is important for
transmission of real time data such as audio and video connections.
Peak Cell Rate (PCR) is the maximum rate at which the sender can send cells. This
parameter may be lower (but not higher) than the maximum line speed. 1 ATM cell is
53 bytes (424 bits), so a maximum speed of 832 Kbps gives a maximum PCR of 1962
cells/sec. This rate is not guaranteed because it is dependent on the line speed.
Sustained Cell Rate (SCR) is the mean cell rate of a bursty, on-off traffic source that
can be sent at the peak rate, and a parameter for burst-type traffic. SCR may not be
greater than the PCR; the system default is 0 cells/sec.
Maximum Burst Size (MBS) is the maximum number of cells that can be sent at the
PCR. After MBS is reached, cell rates fall below SCR until cell rate averages to the SCR
again. At this time, more cells (up to the MBS) can be sent at the PCR again.The
following figure illustrates the relationship between PCR, SCR and MBS.
45
7.5 Configuring WAN Setup
To change the ADSL Router’s WAN remote node settings, click Interface Setup then
Internet. The screen differs by the encapsulation.
46
The following table describes the labels in this screen:
Field
Description
ATM VC
Virtual Circuit
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier) and VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier)
ID
define a virtual circuit.
Status
Activated or Deactivated
The valid range for the VPI is 0 to 255. Enter the VPI assigned to
VPI
you. This field may already be configured.
The valid range for the VCI is 32 to 65535. Enter the VCI assigned
VCI
to you. This field may already be configured.
Select CBR (Continuous Bit Rate) to specify fixed (always-on)
bandwidth for voice or data traffic. Select UBR (Unspecified Bit
Rate) for applications that are non-time sensitive, such as e-mail.
ATM QoS
Select VBR (Variable Bit Rate) for bursty traffic and bandwidth
sharing with other applications.
VBR is not available on all models.
Cell rate configuration often helps eliminate traffic congestion that
Cell Rate
slows transmission of real time data such as audio and video
connections.
Divide the DSL line rate (bps) by 424 (the size of an ATM cell) to
Peak Cell Rate
find the Peak Cell Rate (PCR). This is the maximum rate at which
(PCR)
the sender can send cells. Type the PCR here.
The Sustain Cell Rate (SCR) sets the average cell rate (long-term)
Sustain Cell
that can be transmitted. Type the SCR, which must be less than
Rate (SCR)
the PCR.
Maximum Burst Size (MBS) refers to the maximum number of cells
Maximum Burst
that can be sent at the peak rate. Type the MBS, which is less than
Size (MBS)
65535.
Encapsulation
ENCAPSULATION
Select the method of encapsulation used by your ISP from the
drop-down list box.
PPPoA/PPPoE
47
Service Name
User Name
Password
Multiplex
Always ON
Connect on
Demand
(PPPoE only) Type the name of your PPPoE service here.
Enter the user name exactly as your ISP assigned. If assigned a
name in the form user@domain where domain identifies a service
name, then enter both components exactly as given.
A static IP address is a fixed IP that your ISP gives you. A dynamic
IP address is not fixed; the ISP assigns you a different one each
time you connect to the Internet. The Single User Account feature
can be used with either a dynamic or static IP address.
Select Obtain an IP Address Automatically if you have a dynamic IP
address; otherwise select Static IP Address and type your ISP
assigned IP address in the IP Address field below.
Select the method of multiplexing used by your ISP from the dropdown list. Choices are VC or LLC.
Connection Settings
Select Always ON Connection when you want your connection up
all the time. The ADSL Router will try to bring up the connection
automatically if it is disconnected.
Connect on demand is dependent on the traffic. If there is no
traffic (or Idle) for a pre-specified period of time), the connenct will
tear down automatically. And once there is traffic send or receive,
the connection will be automatically on. Please insert the Idle Time
in minute.
IP Address
The IP address can be either dynamically (via DHCP) or given IP
Get IP Address address provide by your ISP. For Static IP, you need to specify the
IP address, Subnet Mask and Gateway IP address.
IP Address
You must specify a Router IP address.
Enter a subnet mask in dotted decimal notation.
IP Subnet Mask Refer to the Subnetting appendix in the to calculate a subnet mask
If you are implementing subnetting.
Gateway
You must specify a gateway IP address.
NAT
Select this option to Activate/Deactivated the NAT (Network
48
Address Translation) function for this VC. The NAT function can be
activated or deactivated per PVC basis.
if enable this function, the current PVC will be the default gateway
Default Route
to internet from this device.
RIP (Routing Information protocol) Select this option to specify the
RIP version, including RIP-1, RIP-2M and RIP-2B. RIP-2M and RIPTCP MTU Option
2B are both sent in RIP-2 format; the difference is that RIP-2M
using Multicast and RIP-2 using Broadcast format.
RIP Direction Select this option to specify the RIP direction. None is
for disabling the RIP function. Both means the ADSL Router will
periodically send routing information and accetp routing
Dynamic Route information then incorporate into routing table. IN only means the
ADLS router will only accept but will not send RIP packet. OUT olny
means the ADLS router will only send but will not accept RIP
packet.
IGMP (Internet Group Multicast Protocol) is a session-layer protocol
used to establish membership in a multicast group. The ADSL ATUDirection
R supports both IGMP version 1 (IGMP-v1) and IGMP-v2. Select
None to disable it.
Multicast
Click Apply to save the changes.
The IP address can be either dynamically (via DHCP) or given IP
Save
address provide by your ISP. For Static IP, you need to specify the
IP address, Subnet Mask and Gateway IP address.
8. Network Address Translation (NAT)
This chapter discusses how to configure NAT on the WebShare Wireless Router
ADSL2+.
8.1 NAT Overview
NAT (Network Address Translation - NAT, RFC 1631) is the translation of the IP
address of a host in a packet, for example, the source address of an outgoing packet,
used within one network to a different IP address known within another network.
49
8.1.1 NAT Definitions
Inside/outside denotes where a host is located relative to the ADSL Router, for
example, the computers of your subscribers are the inside hosts, while the web
servers on the Internet are the outside hosts.
Global/local denotes the IP address of a host in a packet as the packet traverses a
router, for example, the local address refers to the IP address of a host when the
packet is in the local network, while the global address refers to the IP address of the
host when the same packet is traveling in the WAN side.
Note that inside/outside refers to the location of a host, while global/local refers to the
IP address of a host used in a packet. Thus, an inside local address (ILA) is the IP
address of an inside host in a packet when the packet is still in the local network,
while an inside global address (IGA) is the IP address of the same inside host when
the packet is on the WAN side. The following table summarizes this information.
Item
Inside
Outside
Local
Global
Description
This refers to the host on the LAN.
This refers to the host on the WAN.
This refers to the packet address (source or destination) as the packet
travels on the LAN.
This refers to the packet address (source or destination) as the packet
travels on the WAN.
8.1.2 What NAT Does
In the simplest form, NAT changes the source IP address in a packet received from a
subscriber (the inside local address) to another (the inside global address) before
forwarding the packet to the WAN side. When the response comes back, NAT
translates the destination address (the inside global address) back to the inside local
address before forwarding it to the original inside host. Note that the IP address
(either local or global) of an outside host is never changed.
The global IP addresses for the inside hosts can be either static or dynamically
assigned by the ISP. In addition, you can designate servers, for example, a web server
and a telnet server, on your local network and make them accessible to the outside
world. With no servers defined, the ADSL Router filters out all incoming inquiries, thus
50
preventing intruders from probing your network. For more information on IP address
translation, refer to RFC 1631, The IP Network Address Translator (NAT).
8.1.3 How NAT Works
Each packet has two addresses – a source address and a destination address. For
outgoing packets, the ILA (Inside Local Address) is the source address on the LAN,
and the IGA (Inside Global Address) is the source address on the WAN. For incoming
packets, the ILA is the destination address on the LAN, and the IGA is the destination
address on the WAN. NAT maps private (local) IP addresses to globally unique ones
required for communication with hosts on other networks. It replaces the original IP
source address (and TCP or UDP source port numbers for Many-to-One and Many-toMany Overload NAT mapping) in each packet and then forwards it to the Internet. The
ADSL Router keeps track of the original addresses and port numbers so incoming reply
packets can have their original values restored. The following figure illustrates this.
8.1.4 NAT Application
The following figure illustrates a possible NAT application, where three inside LANs
(logical LANs using IP Alias) behind the ADSL Router can communicate with three
distinct WAN networks. More examples follow at the end of this chapter.
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8.1.5 NAT Mapping Types
NAT supports five types of IP/port mapping. They are:
•
•
•
•
•
One to One: In One-to-One mode, the ADSL Router maps one local IP
address to one global IP address.
Many to One: In Many-to-One mode, the ADSL Router maps multiple
local IP addresses to one global IP address.
Many to Many Overload: In Many-to-Many Overload mode, the ADSL
Router maps the multiple local IP addresses to shared global IP addresses.
Many-to-Many No Overload: In Many-to-Many No Overload mode, the
ADSL Router maps each local IP address to a unique global IP address.
Server: This type allows you to specify inside servers of different services
behind the NAT to be accessible to the outside world.
52
The following table summarizes these types:
Type
One-to-One
Many-to-One (SUA/PAT)
Many-to-Many Overload
Many-to-Many No Overload
Server
IP Mapping
ILA1 IGA1
ILA1 IGA1
ILA2 IGA1
…
ILA1 IGA1
ILA2 IGA2
ILA3 IGA1
ILA4 IGA2
…
ILA1 IGA1
ILA2 IGA2
ILA3 IGA3
…
Server 1 IP IGA1
Server 2 IP IGA1
Server 3 IP IGA1
8.2 SUA (Single User Account) Versus NAT
SUA (Single User Account) is a implementation of a subset of NAT that supports two
types of mapping, Many-to-One and Server. The ADSL Router also supports Full
Feature NAT to map multiple global IP addresses to multiple private LAN IP addresses
of clients or servers using mapping types as outlined in.
8.3 Virtual Server and DMZ
A Virtual server set is a list of inside (behind NAT on the LAN) servers, for example,
web or FTP, that you can make visible to the outside world even though SUA makes
your whole inside network appear as a single computer to the outside world.
You may enter a single port number or a range of port numbers to be forwarded, and
the local IP address of the desired server. The port number identifies a service; for
example, web service is on port 80 and FTP on port 21. In some cases, such as for
unknown services or where one server can support more than one service (for
53
example both FTP and web service), it might be better to specify a range of port
numbers. You can allocate a server IP address that corresponds to a port or a range of
ports.
Many residential broadband ISP accounts do not allow you to run any server processes
(such as a Web or FTP server) from your location. Your ISP may periodically check for
servers and may suspend your account if it discovers any active services at your
location. If you are unsure, refer to your ISP.
Default Server IP Address
In addition to the servers for specified services, NAT supports a default server IP
address. A default server receives packets from ports that are not specified in this
screen.
8.3.1 Port Forwarding: Services and Port Numbers
A NAT server set is a list of inside (behind NAT on the LAN) servers, for example, web
or FTP, that you can make accessible to the outside world even though NAT makes
your whole inside network appear as a single machine to the outside world.
Use the SUA Server page to forward incoming service requests to the server(s) on
your local network. You may enter a single port number or a range of port numbers to
be forwarded, and the local IP address of the desired server. The port number
identifies a service; for example, web service is on port 80 and FTP on port 21. In
some cases, such as for unknown services or where one server can support more than
one service (for example both FTP and web service), it might be better to specify a
range of port numbers.
In addition to the servers for specified services, NAT supports a default server. A
service request that does not have a server explicitly designated for it is forwarded to
the default server. If the default is not defined, the service request is simply discarded.
The most often used port numbers are shown in the following table. Please refer to
RFC 1700 for further information about port numbers.
Application
ICQ 98, 99a
NetMeeting 2.1 a 3.01
VDO Live
mIRC
Cu-SeeMe
Outcoming Connections
Nessuno
Nessuno
Nessuno
Nessuno
7648 TCP &UDP, 24032 UDP
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Incoming Connections
Nessuno
1503 TCP, 1720 TCP
Nessuno
Nessuno
7648 TCP &UDP, 24032
PC AnyWhere
Edonkey/Emule
5632 UDP, 22 UDP, 5631
TCP, 65301 TCP
Nessuno
MSN Messanger
Nessuno
VNC
Nessuno
Service
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Data
FTP Commands
Telnet
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)
Email
Domain Name Server (DNS)
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
finger
World Wide Web (HTTP)
POP3 Email
SUN Remote Procedure Call (RPC)
Network News Transfer Protocol
(NNTP)
Network Time Protocol (NTP)
News
Simple Management Network Protocol
(SNMP)
SNMP (traps)
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
Secure HTTP (HTTPS)
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UDP
5632 UDP, 22 UDP, 5631
TCP, 65301 TCP
principalmente 4660-4662
TCP , 4665-4672 UDP
TCP da 6891-6900
TCP 1863
TCP 6901
UDP 1863
UDP 6901
UDP 5190
TCP 5900
Port Number / Protocol
20/tcp
21/tcp
23/tcp
25/tcp
53/tcp and 53/udp
69/udp
79/tcp
80/tcp
110/tcp
111/udp
119/tcp
123/tcp and 123/udp
144/tcp
161/udp
162/udp
179/tcp
443/tcp
rlogin
rexec
talk
ntalk
Open Windows
Network File System (NFS)
X11
Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Layer 2 Tunnelling Protocol (L2TP)
513/tcp
514/tcp
517/tcp and 517/udp
518/tcp and 518/udp
2000/tcp and 2000/udp
2049/tcp
6000/tcp and 6000/udp
520/udp
1701/udp
8.3.2 Virtual Server
Click on Advanced Setup then NAT.
Click on Virtual Server.
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The following table describes the labels in this screen:
Field
Start Port No.
Description
Enter a port number in this field.
To forward only one port, enter the port number again in the End
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End Port No.
Local IP
Address
Port No. field.
To forward a series of ports, enter the start port number here and
the end port number in the End Port No. field.
Enter a port number in this field.
To forward only one port, enter the port number again in the Start
Port No. field above and then enter it again in this field.
To forward a series of ports, enter the last port number in a series
that begins with the port number in the Start Port No. field above.
Enter your server IP address in this field.
Let's say you want to assign ports 22-25 to one server, port 80 to another and assign
a default server IP address of 192.168.1.35 as shown in the next figure.
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8.4 Selecting the NAT Mode
Click Advanced Setup then NAT to open the following screen chose Multiple
(Numbers of IP).
Click on IP Address Mapping (for Multiple IPs Service).
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Ordering your rules is important because the ADSL Router applies the rules in the
order that you specify. When a rule matches the current packet, the ADSL Router
takes the corresponding action and the remaining rules are ignored. If there are any
empty rules before your new configured rule, your configured rule will be pushed up
by that number of empty rules. For example, if you have already configured rules 1 to
6 in your current set and now you configure rule number 9. In the set summary
screen, the new rule will be rule 7, not 9. Now if you delete rule 4, rules 5 to 7 will be
pushed up by 1 rule, so old rules 5, 6 and 7 become new rules 4, 5 and 6.
To change the ADSL Router’s address mapping settings.
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The following table describes the labels in this screen:
Field
Rule Index
Rule Type
Local Start IP
Local End IP
Public Start IP
Public End IP
Descriptions
Choose the number
•
1-1: One-to-one mode maps one local IP address to
one global IP address. Note that port numbers do
not change for the One-to-one NAT mapping type.
•
M-1: Many-to-One mode maps multiple local IP
addresses to one global IP address.
•
M-M Ov (Overload): Many-to-Many Overload
mode maps multiple local IP addresses to shared
global IP addresses.
•
MM No (No Overload): Many-to-Many No
Overload mode maps each local IP address to
unique global IP addresses.
•
Server(available on next release of firmware):
This type allows you to specify inside servers of
different services behind the NAT to be accessible to
the outside world.
This is the starting Inside Local IP Address (ILA). Local IP
addresses are N/A for Server port mapping.
This is the end Inside Local IP Address (ILA). If your rule is for
all local IP addresses, then enter 0.0.0.0 as the Local Start IP
address and 255.255.255.255 as the Local End IP address. This
field is N/A for One-to-one and Server mapping types.
This is the starting Inside Global IP Address (IGA). Enter 0.0.0.0
here if you have a dynamic IP address from your ISP. You can
only do this for Many-to-One and Server mapping types.
This is the ending Inside Global IP Address (IGA). This field is
N/A for One-to-one, Many-to-One and Server mapping types.
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9. Access Management
9.1 Access Control List (ACL)
Access Control Listing allows you to determine which services/protocols can access
which WEBSHARE 111U interface from which computers.
You can configure the router for remote Telnet access or upload and download router
firmware and configuration files using FTP. To use this feature, your computer must
have an FTP client. And can use the WEBSHARE 111U embedded web configurator for
configuration and file management.
Field
Meaning
ACL Rule Index
Secure
IP
Address
This is item number
The default 0.0.0.0 allows any client to use this service to
remotely manage the WEBSHARE 111U. Type an IP address
to restrict access to a client with a matching IP address
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Application
Interface
Choose a service that you may use to remotely manage the
WEBSHARE 111U.
Select the access interface. Choices are LAN, WAN and
Both
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9.2 Filter
In this section is possible to set different filtering type, based on IP/MAC, URL or
Application.
9.2.1 IP/MAC Filter
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Field
Description
IP Filter set Editing
IP Filter set Index
This is item number
Interface
Select which channel (PVC) to configure
Direction
Select the access to the Internet (“Outgoing”) or from the
Internet (“Incoming”) or Both
IP Filter Rule Editing
IP Filter Rule Index This is item number
Rule Type
Select Yes from the drop down list box to enable IP filter rule
Active
The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored
Source IP Address
It is the destination IP addresses based on above destination
subnet IP
Subnet Mask
This Port or Port Ranges defines the port allowed to be used
(Source)
by the Remote/WAN to connect to the application. Default is
set from range 0 ~ 65535. It is recommended that this option
be configured by an advanced user
Port Number (Surce) This is the destination subnet IP address
Destination IP
It is the destination IP addresses based on above destination
Address
subnet IP
Subnet
It is the packet protocol type used by the application, select
Mask(destination)
either TCP or UDP or ICMP
Port
Select action for the traffic unmatching current rule; Forward
Number(destination) to leave it pass through, and NEXT to check it by the next
rule
Protocol
This is item number
Rule Unmatched
Select Yes from the drop down list box to enable IP filter rule
IP Filter Listing
#
Item number
Active
Whether the connection is currently activ
Source IP Mask
The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored
Destination IP Mask This is the destination subnet IP address
Source port
This Port or Port Ranges defines the port allowed to be used
by the Remote/WAN to connect to the application. Default is
set from range 0 ~ 65535. It is recommended that this option
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Destination Port
Protocol
be configured by an advanced user
This is the Port or Port Ranges that defines the application
It is the packet protocol type used by the application, select
either TCP or UDP or ICMP
9.2.2 Application Filter
Field
Meaning
Application Filter
Select this option to Activated/Deactivated the Application
filter.
Select this option to Allow/Deny ICQ.
ICQ
MSN
YMSG
Real
Audio/Video
Select this option to Allow/Deny MSN.
Select this option to Allow/Deny Yahoo messenger.
Select this option to Allow/Deny Real Audio/Video.
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9.2.3 URL Filter
Field
Active
URL Index
URL
Meaning
Select Active to enable URL Filter.
This is item number.
Allow you to prevent users on your network from accessing
particular websites by their URL.
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9.3 SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a protocol used for exchanging
management information between network devices. SNMP is a member of the TCP/IP
protocol suite. WebShare 111U supports SNMP agent functionality which allows a
manager station to manage and monitor the router through the network.
Field
Get Community
Set Community
Description
Type the Get Community, which is the password for the
incoming Get-and GetNext requests from the management
station
Type the Set Community, which is the password for incoming
Set requests from the management station
9.4 UPnP
UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices,
along with control and data transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages
for users running NAT routers through UPnP NAT Traversal, and on supported systems
makes tasks such as port forwarding much easier by letting the application control the
required settings, removing the need for the user to control advanced configuration of
their device.
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Both the user’s Operating System and the relevant application must support UPnP in
addition to the router. Windows XP and Windows Me natively support UPnP (when the
component is installed), and Windows 98 users may install the Internet Connection
Sharing client from Windows XP in order to support UPnP. Windows 2000 does not
support UPnP.
Field
UPnP
Auto-configured
Description
Select this checkbox to activate UPnP. Be aware that anyone
could use a UPnP application to open the web configurator's
login screen without entering the WEBSHARE 111U IP
address
Select this check box to allow UPnP-enabled applications to
automatically configure the WEBSHARE 111U so that they can
communicate through the WEBSHARE 111U, for example by
using NAT traversal, UPnP applications automatically reserve
a NAT forwarding port in order to communicate with another
UPnP enabled device; this eliminates the need to manually
configure port forwarding for the UPnP enabled application
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9.5 Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS function allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static
hostname, allowing users whose ISP does not assign them a static IP address to use a
domain name. This is especially useful for hosting servers via your ADSL connection,
so that anyone wishing to connect to you may use your domain name, rather than
having to use your dynamic IP address, which changes from time to time. This
dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address of the router, which is assigned to you by
your ISP.
You will first need to register and establish an account with the Dynamic DNS provider
using their website, for example http://www.dyndns.org/
Field
Dynamic DNS
Service Provider
Host Name
E-mail Address
Description
Select this check box to use dynamic DNS
Select the name of your Dynamic DNS service provider
Type the domain name assigned to your WEBSHARE 111U by
your Dynamic DNS provider
Type your e-mail address
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User
Password
Wildcard Support
Type your user name
Type the password assigned to you
Select this check box to enable DYNDNS Wildcard
10. Advanced Setup
This section will show how to configure static route, virtual server, Adsl line module
and firewall.
10.1 Routing
If you have another router with a LAN-to-LAN connection, you may create a static
routing on the router that is the gateway to Internet.
Field
#
Dest IP
Mask
Gateway IP
Description
Item number
IP address of the destination network
The destination mask address
IP address of the gateway or existing interface that this route
uses
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Metric
Device
Use
Edit
Drop
It represents the cost of transmission for routing purposes.
The number need not be precise, but it must be between 1
and 15
Media/channel selected to append the route
Counter for access times
Edit the route; this icon is not shown for system default route
Edit the route; this icon is not shown for system default route
10.1.1 Add Route
Field
Destination
Address
IP Subnet Mask
IP
Gateway IP Address
Metric
Announced in RIP
Meaning
This is the destination subnet IP address
It is the destination IP addresses based on above
destination subnet IP
This is the gateway IP address to which packets are to
be forwarded
It represents the cost of transmission for routing
purposes. The number need not be precise, but it must
be between 1 and 15
This parameter determines if the Prestige will include
the route to the remote node in its RIP broadcasts. Set
“Yes”, it is kept private and is not included in RIP
broadcasts. Set “No”, the remote node will be
propagated to other hosts through RIP broadcasts
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10.2 NAT
The NAT (Network Address Translation - NAT, RFC 1631) is the translation of the IP
address of a host in a packet. The default setting is Dynamic NAPT. It provides
dynamic Network Address Translation capability between LAN and multiple WAN
connections, and the LAN traffic is routed to appropriate WAN connections based on
the destination IP addresses and Route Table. This eliminates the need for the static
NAT session configuration between multiple LAN clients and multiple WAN
connections.
Field
Virtual Circuit
Number of IPs
Meaning
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier) and VCI (Virtual Channel
Identifier) define a virtual circuit. There are eight
groups of PVC can be defined and used
User can select Single or Multiple
10.2.1 DMZ
The DMZ Host is a local computer exposed to the Internet. When setting a particular
internal IP address as the DMZ Host, all incoming packets will be checked by the
Firewall and NAT algorithms then passed to the DMZ host, when a packet received
does not use a port number used by any other Virtual Server entries.
Field
DMZ
DMZ Host Address
Meaning
Disabled: As set in default setting, it disables the DMZ
function.
Enabled: It activates your DMZ function.
Give a static IP address to the DMZ Host when Enabled
radio button is checked. Be aware that this IP will be
exposed to the WAN/Internet.
10.3 Virtual Server
In TCP/IP and UDP networks a port is a 16-bit number used to identify which
application program (usually a server) incoming connections should be delivered to.
Some ports have numbers that are pre-assigned to them by the IANA (the Internet
74
Assigned Numbers Authority), and these are referred to as “well-known ports”. Servers
follow the well-known port assignments so clients can locate them.
If you wish to run a server on your network that can be accessed from the WAN (i.e.
from other machines on the Internet that are outside your local network), or any
application that can accept incoming connections (e.g. Peer-to-peer/P2P software such
as instant messaging applications and P2P file-sharing applications) and are using NAT
(Network Address Translation), then you will usually need to configure your router to
forward these incoming connection attempts using specific ports to the PC on your
network running the application. You will also need to use port forwarding if you want
to host an online game server.
The reason for this is that when using NAT, your publicly accessible IP address will be
used by and point to your router, which then needs to deliver all traffic to the private
IP addresses used by your PCs. Please see the WAN configuration section of this
manual for more information on NAT.
The device can be configured as a virtual server so that remote users accessing
services such as Web or FTP services via the public (WAN) IP address can be
automatically redirected to local servers in the LAN network. Depending on the
requested service (TCP/UDP port number), the device redirects the external service
request to the appropriate server within the LAN network.
Field
Rule Index
Start Port Number
End Port Number
Local IP Address
Meaning
Choose the rule number
Enter a port number in this field
Enter a port number in this field
Enter your server IP address in this field
10.4 IP Address Mapping
Field
Rule Index
Rule Type
Meaning
Choose the rule number
•
One-to-one: This is the mode maps one
local IP address to one global IP address.
Note that port numbers do not change for
the One-to-one NAT mapping type
•
Many-to-One: This is the mode maps
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Local Start IP
Local End IP
Public Start IP
Public End IP
multiple local IP addresses to one global IP
address. This is equivalent to Many to One
(i.e., PAT, port address translation)
•
Many-to-Many Overload: This is mode
maps multiple local IP addresses to shared
global IP addresses
•
Many-to-Many No Overload: This is the
mode maps each local IP address to unique
global IP addresses
•
Server: This type allows you to specify
inside servers of different services behind
the NAT to be accessible to the outside
world.
This is the starting Inside Local IP Address (ILA). Local
IP addresses are N/A for Server port mapping
This is the end Inside Local IP Address (ILA). If your
rule is for all local IP addresses, then enter 0.0.0.0 as
the Local Start IP address and 255.255.255.255 as the
Local End IP address. This field is N/A for One-to-one
and Server mapping types
This is the starting Inside Public IP Address. Enter
0.0.0.0 here if you have a dynamic IP address from
your ISP
This is the ending Inside Public IP Address. This field is
N/A for One-to-one, Many-to-One and Server mapping
types
If you have disabled the NAT option in the WAN-ISP section,
the Virtual Server function will hence be invalid.
If the DHCP server option is enabled, you have to be very
careful in assigning the IP addresses of the virtual servers in
order to avoid conflicts. The easiest way of configuring Virtual
Servers is to manually assign static IP address to each virtual
server PC, with an address that does not fall into the range of
IP addresses that are to be issued by the DHCP server. You
76
can configure the virtual server IP address manually, but it
must still be in the same subnet as the router.
10.5 QoS
Quality of Service (QoS) helps to prioritize data as it enters your router. By attaching
special identification marks or headers to incoming packets, QoS determines which
queue the packets enter, based on priority. This is useful when there are certain types
of data you want to give higher priority to, such as voice data packets given higher
priority than Web data packets.
The main goal of QoS is prioritizing incoming data, preventing data loss due to factors
such as jitter, delay and dropping. Another important aspect of QoS is ensuring that
prioritizing one data flow doesn’t interfere with other data flows.
QoS can be toggled Activated and Deactivated. QoS must be activated before you
can edit the following options. When you are done making changes, click on Add to
save your changes.
Click on QoS Settings Summary to view the list of QoS rules that have been added.
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The following table describes the labels in this screen:
Field
Descriptions
RULE
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Rule Index
Active
Application
Select 16 different rules, each rule’s detail can be set and saved.
Select QoS is activated or deactivated.
Select 11 different applications: IGMP, SIP, H.323, MGCP, SNMP,
DNS, DHCP, RIP, RSTP, RTCP, RTP.
Physical Port
Once you select the application, the associated ports will be
displayed.
Destination MAC Set the Ethernet MAC value that you want to filter in destination
side.
Destination IP
Set the IP address value that you want to filter in destination
side.
Destination Mask Set the subnet mask value that you want to filter in destination
side.
Destination Port
Set the port range value that you want to filter in destination
Range
side.
Source MAC
Set the Ethernet MAC value that you want to filter in source
side.
Source IP
Set the IP address value that you want to filter in source side.
Source Mask
Set the subnet mask value that you want to filter in source side.
Source Port Range Set the port range value that you want to filter in source side.
Protocol ID
Set the protocol ID type that you want to filter.
VLan ID Range
Set the Vlan value that you want to filter.
IPP/DS Field
Select IP QoS format.
IP Precedence
Select the IP precedence range.
Range
Type of Service
Select 5 different type of service.
DSCP Range
Set the DSCP value that you want to filter.
802.1p
Set the remarked new 802.1p priority value on the packet that
fulfill every detail setting condition of each rule.
ACTION
IPP/DS Field
Select IP QoS format.
IP Precedente
Select the remarking value of IP precedence.
Remarking
Type of Service
Select the remarking value of type of service.
Remarking
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DSCP Marking
802.1p Marking
Queue#
Select the remarking value of DSCP.
Select the remarking value of 802.1p.
Select four types of Queue: Low, Medium, High, Highest.
10.6 ADSL
Field
ADSL Mode
ADSL Type
Description
The default setting is Auto Sync-UP. This mode will
automatically detect your ADSL, ADSL2+, ADSL2, G.dmt, G.lite,
and T1.413. But in some area, multimode cannot detect the
ADSL line code well. If it is the case, please adjust the ADSL
line code to G.dmt or T1.413 first. If it still fails, please try the
other values such as ALCTL, ADI, etc
There are five modes “Open Annex Type and Follow DSLAM’s
Setting”, ”Annex A”, ”Annex I”, “Annex A/L”, ”Annex M” and
“Annex A/I/L/M” that user can select for this connection
10.7 Firewall
In this section You can set Firewall and SPI protection on WebShare 111U.
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11. Manteinance
11.1 Administration
In factory setting, the default password is atlantis, and that for user is also password.
You can change the default password to ensure that someone cannot adjust your
settings without your permission. Every time you change your password, please record
the password and keep it at a safe place.
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Field
New Password
Confirm Password
Description
Type the new password in this field
Type the new password again in this field
11.2 Time Zone
The router does not have a real time clock on board; instead, it uses the Simple
Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server outside
your network. Choose your local time zone. After a successful connection to the
Internet, the router will retrieve the correct local time from the SNTP server you have
specified. If you prefer to specify an SNTP server other than those in the drop-down
list, simply enter its IP address as shown above. Your ISP may provide an SNTP server
for you to use.
Field
Synchronize time
with
Description
Select the time service protocol that your time server sends
when you turn on the Router
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Time Zone
Daylight Saving
NTP Server
Address
Choose the time zone of your location. This will set the time
difference between your time zone and Greenwich Mean Time
(GMT)
Select this option if you use daylight savings time
Enter the IP address of your time server. Check with your
ISP/network administrator if you are unsure of this information
11.3 Firmware
Your router’s “firmware” is the software that allows it to operate and provides all its
functionality. Think of your router as a dedicated computer, and the firmware as the
software it runs. Over time this software may be improved and modified, and your
router allows you to upgrade the software it runs to take advantage of these changes.
To upgrade the firmware of WEBSHARE 111U, you should download or copy the
firmware to your local environment first. Press the “Browse…” button to specify the
path of the firmware file. Then, click “Upgrade” to start upgrading. When the
procedure is completed, WEBSHARE 111U will reset automatically to make the new
firmware work.
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Field
New Firmware
Location
New RomFile
Location
Description
Type in the location of the file you want to upload in this
field or click Browse to find it.
Romfile means the configuration file. Type in the location of
the file you want to upload in this field or click Browse to
find it.
Click ROMFILE SAVE button to save current configuration
file to your PC.
Click UPGRADE to begin the upload process. This process
may take up to two minutes.
Romfile Backup
Upgrade
After two minutes, log in again and check your new firmware version in the System
Status screen.
If the upload was not successful, the following screen will appear. Click Back to go
back to the Firmware screen.
DO NOT power down the router or interrupt the firmware upgrading
while it is still in process. Improper operation could damage the
router.
11.4 SysRestart
Click SysRestart with option Current Settings to reboot your router (and restore
your last saved configuration).
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If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a
firmware upgrade or if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory
Default Settings to reset to factory default settings.
You may also reset your router to factory settings by holding the small Reset pinhole
button on the back of your router in for 10-12 seconds whilst the router is turned on.
11.5 Diagnostic
The Diagnostic Test page shows the test results for the connectivity of the physical
layer and protocol layer for both LAN and WAN sides.
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12. Status
12.1 Device Info
Field
F/W Version
MAC Address
Description
Device Information
This is the Firmware version
This is the MAC Address
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IP Address
IP Subnet Mask
DHCP Server
Status
Virtual Circuit
Connection Type
IP Address
IP Subnet Mask
Default Gateway
DNS
NAT
ADSL Firmware
Version
Line State
Modulation
Annex mode
SNR Margin
Line Attenuation
Data Rate
LAN Information
LAN port IP address
LAN port IP subnet mask
LAN port DHCP role - Enabled, Relay or disabled
WAN Information
“Not connected” or “Connected”
There are eight groups of PVC can be defined
VPI: The valid range for the VPI is 0 to 255
VCI: The valid range for the VCI is 32 to 65535
Name of the WAN connection
WAN port IP address
WAN port IP subnet mask
The IP address of the default gateway
WAN port DHCP role - Enabled, Relay or disabled
Enabled or disabled
ADSL
This is the DSL firmware version associated with your router
This is the status of your ADSL link
This field displays the ADSL modulation status for G.dmt or
T1.413.
To show the router’s type, e.g. Annex A, Annex B
To show the router’s SNR margin for Downstream/Upstream
To show the router’s for Downstream/Upstream
To show the router’s data rate for Downstream/Upstream
12.2 System Log
Display system logs accumulated up to the present time. You can trace historical
information with this function.
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12.3 Statistics
Read-only information here includes port status and packet specific statistics. Also
provided are "Transmit Statistics" and "Receive Statistics".
ETHERNET
Field
Interface
Transmit Frames
Transmit
Multicast
Frames
Transmit total Bytes
Transmit Collision
Transmit Error Frames
Receive Frames
Receive
Multicast
Frames
Receive total Bytes
Receive CRC Errors
Receive
Frames
Under-size
Meaning
This field displays the type of port
This field displays the number of frames transmitted in
the last second
This field displays the number of multicast frames
transmitted in the last second
This field displays the number of bytes transmitted in the
last second
This is the number of collisions on this port
This field displays the number of error packets on this
port
This field displays the number of frames received in the
last second
This field displays the number of multicast frames
received in the last second
This field displays the number of bytes received in the
last second
This field displays the number of error packets on this
port
This field displays the number of under-size frames
received in the last second
ADSL
Field
Transmit total PDUs
Transmit total Error
Counts
Meaning
This field displays the number of total PDU transmitted in
the last secon
This field displays the number of total error transmitted in
the last second
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Receive total PDUs
Receive
Counts
total
Error
This field displays the number of total PDU received in the
last second
This field displays the number of total error received in the
last second
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APPENDIX A: Troubleshooting
This chapter covers potential problems and the corresponding remedies.
A.1 Using LEDs to diagnose problems
The LEDs are useful aides for finding possible problem causes.
A.1.1 Power LED
The PWR LED on the front panel does not light up.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Make sure that the ADSL Router’s power adaptor is connected to the
ADSL Router and plugged in to an appropriate power source. Use
only the supplied power adaptor.
2
Check that the ADSL Router and the power source are both turned
on and the ADSL Router is receiving sufficient power.
3
Turn the ADSL Router off and on.
4
If the error persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this
case, you should contact your vendor.
A.1.2 LAN LED
The LAN LED on the front panel does not light up.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Check the Ethernet cable connections between the ADSL Router and
the computer or hub.
2
Check for faulty Ethernet cables.
3
Make sure your computer’s Ethernet card is working properly.
4
If these steps fail to correct the problem, contact your local
distributor for assistance.
A.1.3 ADSL LED
The DSL LED on the front panel does not light up.
90
Steps
1
2
3
4
Corrective Action
Check the telephone wire and connections between the ADSL Router
DSL port and the wall jack.
Make sure that the telephone company has checked your phone line
and set it up for DSL service.
Reset your ADSL line to reinitialize your link to the DSLAM. For
details, refer to the Maintenance chapter (web configurator) or the
System Information and Diagnosis chapter.
If these steps fail to correct the problem, contact your local
distributor for assistance.
A.2 Telnet
I cannot telnet into the ADSL Router.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Check the LAN port and the other Ethernet connections.
2
Make sure you are using the correct IP address of the ADSL
Router. Check the IP address of the ADSL Router.
3
Ping the ADSL Router from your computer.
If you cannot ping the ADSL Router, check the IP addresses of
the ADSL Router and your computer. Make sure your computer is
set to get a dynamic IP address; or if you want to use a static IP
address on your computer, make sure that it is on the same
subnet as the ADSL Router.
4
Make sure you entered the correct password. The default
password is “admin”.
If you have forgot your username or password, refer to Section
A.5.
5
If these steps fail to correct the problem, contact the distributor.
A.3 WEB Configurator
I cannot access the web configurator.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Make sure you are using the correct IP address of the ADSL Router.
Check the IP address of the ADSL Router.
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2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Make sure that there is not an console session running.
Check that you have enabled web service access. If you have
configured a secured client IP address, your computer’s IP address
must match it. Refer to the chapter on remote management for
details.
For WAN access, you must configure remote management to allow
server access from the Wan (or all).
Your computer’s and the ADSL Router’s IP addresses must be on the
same subnet for LAN access.
If you changed the ADSL Router’s LAN IP address, then enter the
new one as the URL.
Remove any filters in LAN or WAN that block web service.
See also Section A.9.
The web configurator does not display properly.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Make sure you are using Internet Explorer 5.0 and later versions.
2
Delete the temporary web files and log in again.
In Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then click the
Delete Files ... button.
When a Delete Files window displays, select Delete all offline
content and click OK. (Steps may vary depending on the version of
your Internet browser.)
A.4 Login Username e Password
I forgot my login username and/or password.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
If you have changed the password and have now forgotten it, you
will need to upload the default configuration file. This will erase all
custom configurations and restore all of the factory defaults
including the password.
2
Press the RESET button for five seconds, and then release it. When
the SYS LED begins to blink, the defaults have been restored and
the ADSL Router restarts. Or refer to the Resetting the ADSL Router
92
3
4
section for uploading a configuration file via console port.
The default username is “admin”. The default password is “atlantis”.
The Password and Username fields are case-sensitive. Make sure
that you enter the correct password and username using the proper
casing.
It is highly recommended to change the default username and
password. Make sure you store the username and password in a
save place.
A.5 LAN Interface
I cannot access the ADSL Router from the LAN or ping any computer on the LAN.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Check the Ethernet LEDs on the front panel. A LAN LED should be
on if the port is connected to a computer or hub. If the 10M/100M
LEDs on the front panel are both off, refer to Section A.1.2.
2
Make sure that the IP address and the subnet mask of the ADSL
Router and your computer(s) are on the same subnet.
A.6 WAN Interface
Initialization of the ADSL connection failed.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Check the cable connections between the ADSL port and the wall
jack. The DSL LED on the front panel of the ADSL Router should be
on.
2
Check that your VPI, VCI, type of encapsulation and type of
multiplexing settings are the same as what you collected from your
telephone company and ISP.
3
Restart the ADSL Router. If you still have problems, you may need
to verify your VPI, VCI, type of encapsulation and type of
multiplexing settings with the telephone company and ISP.
I cannot get a WAN IP address from the ISP.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
The ISP provides the WAN IP address after authenticating you.
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2
Authentication may be through the user name and password, the
MAC address or the host name.
The username and password apply to PPPoE and PPoA
encapsulation only. Make sure that you have entered the correct
Service Type, User Name and Password (be sure to use the correct
casing).
A.7 Internet Access
I cannot access the Internet.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Make sure the ADSL Router is turned on and connected to the
network.
2
If the DSL LED is off, refer to Section A.1.3.
3
Verify your WAN settings.
4
Make sure you entered the correct user name and password.
Internet connection disconnects.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Check the schedule rules.
2
If you use PPPoA or PPPoE encapsulation, check the idle time-out
setting.
3
Contact your ISP.
A.8 Remote Management
I cannot remotely manage the ADSL Router from the LAN or WAN.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Refer to the Remote Management Limitations section in the
Firmware and Configuration File Management chapter for scenarios
when remote management may not be possible.
2
Use the ADSL Router’s WAN IP address when configuring from the
WAN.
Use the ADSL Router’s LAN IP address when configuring from the
LAN.
3
Refer to Section A.6 for instructions on checking your LAN
94
4
connection.
Refer to Section A.7 for instructions on checking your WAN
connection.
See also the Section A.4.
A.9 Remote Node Connection
I cannot connect to a remote node or ISP.
Steps
Corrective Action
1
Check WAN screen to verify that the username and password are
entered properly.
2
Verify your login name and password for the remote node.
3
If these steps fail, you may need to verify your login and password
with your ISP.
95
APPENDICE B: Technical Specifications
Protocols
LAN Port
USB Port
WAN Port
Button
LEDs
Standard ADSL Compliance
ADSL Encapsulation
ATM
Firewall
VPN
Power Supply (External)
Power Consumption
Compliant with
Physical Dimensions
Weight
Operative Temperature
Storage Temperature
Operative Humidity
IP, NAT, ARP, ICMP, IGMP, DHCP(server, client
and relay), RIP1/2 , SNTP client, UPnP, Telnet
server, SNMP
1 x RJ45 10/100 Base-T port
1 porta USB v1.1
RJ-11 (1 port ADSL)
Reset/Power Switch
PWR, LAN, USB, ADSL, PPP
ANSI T1.413 Issue 2, ITU-T G.992.1(Full Rate
DMT), ITU-T G.992.2 (Lite DMT), ITU-T G.994.1
(Multimode), ITU G.992.3 (G.dmt.bis), ITU
G.992.5 (G.dmt.bisplus)
RFC2364(PPPoA), RFC2516(PPPoE) e RFC1483
(Bridge and Routed)
ATM AAL2/AAL5 and ATM service class : CBR,
UBR, VBR-rt, VBR, ATM Forum UNI 3.0, 3.1 and
4.0
Packet Filtering (up to 72 rules) and NAT, URL
Filtering
Pass Through
12V AC @ 1A
< 9watts
CE
190mm x 120mm x 47mm
350g
Da 0° a 40° C
Da –10° a 70° C
5-95% no condensing
96
APPENDICE C: Support
If you have any problems with the WebShare 111U, please consult this manual. If you
continue to have problems you should contact the dealer where you bought this ADSL
Router. If you have any other questions you can contact the Atlantis Land company
directly at the following address:
Atlantis Land
Via Pelizza da Volpedo, 59
20092 Cinisello Balsamo (MI) - Italy
Tel: +39. 02.00.632.300
Fax: +39. 02.66.016.666
Website: http://www.atlantis-land.com
Email: info@atlantis-land.com
97
Via Pelizza da Volpedo, 59
Cinisello Balsamo – MI – Italy
info@atlantis-land.com
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