Atmel AVR2016 Computer Hardware User Manual

AVR2016: RZRAVEN Hardware User's Guide
Features
• Development kit for the AT86RF230 radio transceiver and AVR® microcontroller.
• CE, ETSI and FCC approved.
• LCD module (AVRRAVEN):
- AT86RF230 radio transceiver with high gain PCB antenna.
- Dual AVR microcontrollers.
- Dynamic Speaker and microphone.
- Atmel Serial Dataflash®.
- User IO section:
• USART
• GPIO
• Relay Driver
- Powered by battery or external supply:
• 5V to 12V external supply.
• USB module (RZUSBSTICK):
- AT86RF230 radio transceiver with miniature PCB antenna.
- AVR microcontroller with integrated Full Speed USB interface.
- External memory interface.
8-bit
Microcontrollers
Application Note
1 Introduction
The RZRAVEN is a development kit for the AT86RF230 radio transceiver and the
AVR microcontroller. It serves as a versatile and professional platform for
developing and debugging a wide range of RF applications; spanning from: simple
point-to-point communication through full blown sensor networks with numerous
nodes running complex communication stacks. On top of this, the kit provides a
nice human interface, which spans from PC connectivity, through LCD and audio
input and output.
Figure 1-1. The RZRAVEN Kit Modules
Rev. 8117D-AVR-04/08
2 General
The RZRAVEN kit is built from one RZUSBSTICK module and two AVRRAVEN
modules. See Figure 2-1 to Figure 2-4 for further details.
The complete schematics and Gerber files are available from the compressed archive
accompanying this application note.
Figure 2-1 Assembly drawing AVRRAVEN - front view.
Figure 2-2 Assembly drawing AVRRAVEN - back view.
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Figure 2-3 Assembly drawing RZUSBSTICK - front view.
Figure 2-4 Assembly drawing RZUSBSTICK - back view
3 The AVRRAVEN Module
Figure 3-1 AVRRAVEN overview
Joystick
and user
I/O
Audio
I/O
Realtime
Clock oscillator
On-chip MCU
RC oscillator,
Set to 4MHz
2-way async
Serial comm
2-way sync
Serial comm
MCU #2:
ATmega1284P,
RF Stacks
Realtime
Clock oscillator
On-chip MCU
RC oscillator,
Set to 4MHz
Radio chip
AT86RF230
PCB Antenna
MCU #1:
ATmega3290P,
User I/O
LCD
display
16MHz Xtal
32kHz Xtal
32kHz Xtal
The AVRRAVEN hardware is based on 2 microcontroller and one radio transceiver
chip. The ATmega3290P handles the sensors and the user interface and the
ATmega1284P handles the AT86RF230 radio transceiver and the RF protocol stacks.
The MCUs and the radio communicate via serial interfaces.
For hardware details please refer to Appendix A for the complete AVRRAVEN
schematics.
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3.1 AVR Microcontrollers
Two AVR microcontrollers are found on the AVRRAVEN module. An ATmega1284P
is connected to the AT86RF230 radio transceiver, and an ATmega3290P is driving
the LCD. Both these devices are selected from the AVR picoPower family, something
that ensures minimal power consumption and operation down to 1.8 Volts. Universal
Synchronous and Asynchronous serial Receiver and Transmitter (USART) is used as
an inter processor communication bus.
3.2 Atmel Radio Transceiver
The AT86RF230 is a 2.4GHz radio transceiver that is tailored for a wide range of
wireless applications. Low power consumption and market leading RF performance
makes it an excellent choice for virtually any type of networking device. Support for
IEEE 802.15.4 TM (Automatic acknowledge of packets, address filtering and automatic
channel access) type of applications is available through an enhanced layer of
functionality on top of the basic radio transceiver.
3.3 Antenna description
The antenna on the AVRRAVEN is a 100Ω loop antenna with a net peak gain of
about 5dB.
3.4 LCD
The LCD found on the AVRRAVEN module is a full custom 160-segment display
tailored for the RZRAVEN kit (See Figure 3-2 for a quick reference). It contains a 7
segments text area; four segment number area and numerous handy symbols. In
particular pay attention to the bird looking symbol. It is symbolizing the two black
scouting ravens of Norse god Odin; Hugin (Thought) and Munin (Memory). The saga
says that they flew around the world and reported news back to Odin at night.
Underneath the raven segment’s “eye” there is a red LED capable of soft-blinking;
this may be used to indicate the AVRRAVEN’s search for “news” on the air interface.
A full segment map can be found in Appendix C and in the schematics folder in the
compressed archive file accompanying this application note. The LCD is driven
directly from the connected ATmega3290P.
Figure 3-2 AVRRAVEN - LCD Segments
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3.5 Speaker
An 8 Ω speaker is provided. The ATmega3290P controls all audio. The signal source
is the TIMER1’s PWM output and the signal is shaped via a low-pass filter and
amplified by a Class-D amplifier. Pulling PORTE7 low activates the active filter and
providing a PWM signal on PORTB5 activates the amplifier.
3.6 Microphone
The AVRRAVEN’s microphone is connected to the ATmega3290P ADC channel 0.
The signal is amplified and low-pass filtered. Pulling PORTE7 low activates the
microphone circuit.
3.7 Serial Dataflash®
A 16-Mbits Atmel Serial Dataflash (AT45DB161D) is connected to the
ATmega3290P’s Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI). This storage is used for safe
firmware images, sounds and general-purpose parameters. See the firmware
documentation for an overview of occupied sectors, and those available to the end
user. Even with a couple of safe firmware images for the two microcontrollers there is
plenty space left for the end user. Please note that the serial Dataflash will operate
properly when the voltage is above 2.5 Volts while the rest of the design will operate
down to 1.8Volts
3.8 Serial EEPROM
A 2-Kbits Atmel Serial EEPROM (AT24C02B) is connected to the ATmega1284P’s
two-wire interface (TWI). This storage is write protected by hardware and can only be
read. The storage contains important configuration and calibration data that should
not be unintentionally overwritten. Information such as a unique EUI 64-bit address
can be found her-in. A rich set of access functions and the parameter map is given in
the RZRAVEN firmware documentation.
3.9 Real Time Clock
Separate 32768 Hz clock crystals are connected to the ATmega3290P’s and the
ATmega1284P’s asynchronous timer interfaces. This allows an application to
implement a real time clock (RTC) to keep track of time when sleep modes are used
to reduce the power consumption. This is especially important for battery-operated
nodes.
3.10 NTC
A NTC is connected to the ATmega3290P’s Analog to Digital Converter (ADC)
channel 4. This NTC can be used to measure the temperature in the surroundings of
the AVRRAVEN. The NTC can be found below the joystick, close to J401. The JTAG
interface must be disabled when using the temperature sensor. When running the
AVRRAVEN from an external power source the onboard voltage regulator may heat
the temperature sensor giving faulty reading. To avoid this the sensor NTC may be
soldered off and relocated using short wires. If a higher level of accuracy is required
the users may also calibrate the sensor by adjusting the temperature lookup table in
firmware.
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3.11 Power Supply
The AVRRAVEN can be powered either from batteries or an external 5 to 12 Volts
DC source. The power source is selected by the position of the jumper located
immediately to the right of the LCD (See the figure below for a reference). Polarity
protection is provided when using an external power source.
The AVRRAVEN has been designed to run from two 1.5V LR44 battery cells.
An onboard voltage regulator makes it possible to run power the AVRRAVEN from a
5 to 12 Volts DC source. The external voltage is applied to the two leftmost pins in the
user IO area (J401). The ATmega3290P’s ADC channel 2 is connected to a voltage
divider and the external voltage supply interface. This way it is possible for the
application to monitor the external operating voltage.
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3.12 Interfaces
The AVRRAVEN module has multiple interfaces that can be used for serial
communication, interaction with external sensors and control units such as relays and
of course programming and debugging.
Figure 3-3 AVRRAVEN User Interfaces
Table 3-1. Interfaces available on J401
Pin number
Function
Comment
1
Ext. power supply, 5-12V input
External power input
2
Ext. power supply 0V
Connected to internal 0V
3
Relay coil positive
Relay driver circuit positive
4
Relay coil negative
Relay driver circuit negative
5
Voltage measure input, 0-Vcc*5
Analog input via 47k/10k voltage divider
6
Voltage measure input, 0-Vcc
Analog input directly to ADC input.
7
Vcc
Connected to the VCC net directly
8
User IO #1
9
User IO #2
10
User IO #3
11
User IO #4
Digital I/O, may interface an LED or a
switch directly. On-board 470Ω series
resistors and 10kΩ pull-ups are provided.
Pin change interrupts, TWI and USI is
also available on these pins.
12
Common
Connected to internal 0V
Care should be taken when connecting to the AVRRAVEN’s interfaces, since there is
no protection circuitry provided. Damage to the MCUs or other circuits may be the
result of ESD spark, short circuits, polarity or over-voltage faults.
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3.12.1 Programming Interface
Both the ATmega3290P and ATmega1284P can be programmed using either the
JTAG or ISP interface. JTAG programming can be facilitated by connecting a JTAG
ICE mkII to the 50-mil pin header J301 (ATmega3290P) and J204 (ATmega1284P). A
total of 5 50-mil pin headers and one 50-mil to 100-mil converter are supplied with the
RZRAVEN kit.
ISP programming can be performed by connecting an ISP enabled AVR programming
tool to the pin header J302 (ATmega3290P) and J205 (ATmega1284P). AVR tools
like STK500, AVRISP mkII and JTAGICE mkII can be used for this.
The AVRRAVEN does not come with these headers mounted. So it is up to the user
populating these. Wires could also be soldered in instead of the dual row headers.
3.12.2 Relay Interface
A relay interface (Relay Positive and Negative) is available through J401. This
interface can be used with the AVRRAVEN running from external power. A switching
transistor is connected to PB6 on the ATmega3290P so that sufficient current can be
provided to the relay being driven. An external power source must be used if the relay
option is required. The AVRRAVEN must then be supplied with the rated voltage of
the relay.
3.13 Voltage Measurement Interface
Two of the pins in header J401 can be used for external voltage measurements,
however only one at the time. The possible voltage ranges are 0 to VCC or via a
voltage divider giving an approximate range of 0 to five times VCC. A simple voltage
divider is implemented to scale the measurement voltage. A diode bridge is also used
to prevent reverse polarity and to protect the ATmega3290P’s ADC channel 3.
3.13.1 GPIO
Both the ATmega3290P and ATmega1284P are high pin count devices, and a
number of these are not used. These pins are available through the user IO headers;
J401, J201, J202 and J203. See Table 3-2 and Table 3-3 for further details.
Be aware that these pins do not have level converters and should thus not be
connected directly to an application board running on a different voltage level than the
AVRRAVEN.
Table 3-2. ATmega3290P User IO
8
ATmega3290P Port Pin
PCB Connection
Comment
PE3
J401 –8
Via 470Ω series resistor
and10kΩ pull-up
PE4
J401-9
Via 470Ω series resistor
and10kΩ pull-up
PE5
J401-10
Via 470Ω series resistor
and10kΩ pull-up
PE6
J401-11
Via 470Ω series resistor
and10kΩ pull-up
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Table 3-3. ATmega1284P User IO
ATmega1284P Port Pin
PCB Connection
Comment
PC0
J201-1
TWI SCL.
Connected to serial EEPROM
PC1
J201-2
TWI SDA.
Connected to serial EEPROM
PC2
J201-3
JTAG TCK.
PC3
J201-4
JTAG TMS.
PC4
J201-5
JTAG TDO.
PC5
J201-6
JTAG TDI.
N.C.
J201-7
Populate R204 to connect to
PC6. RTC Xtal XC202 must
then be removed.
N.C.
J201-8
Populate R205 to connect to
PC6. RTC Xtal XC202 must
then be removed.
PD0
J202-1
RXD0 Inter processor
communication.
PD1
J202-2
TXD0 Inter processor
communication.
PD2
J202-3
DIO or RXD1.
PD3
J202-4
DIO or TXD1.
PD4
J202-5
DIO.
PD5
J202-6
DIO.
PB2
J202-7
DIO. NB: NOT PD6!
PD7
J202-8
DIO.
PA0
J203-1
DIO or ADC Channel 0.
PA1
J203-2
DIO or ADC Channel 1.
PA2
J203-3
DIO or ADC Channel 2.
PA3
J203-4
DIO or ADC Channel 3.
PA4
J203-5
DIO or ADC Channel 4.
PA5
J203-6
DIO or ADC Channel 5.
PA6
J203-7
DIO or ADC Channel 6.
PA7
J203-8
DIO or ADC Channel 7.
Additional interfaces
PCB Connection
Comment
External power
J201-10
J202-10
J203-10
Connected to J401-1
0V
J201-9
J202-9
J203-9
Connected to J401-2
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4 The AVR RZUSBSTICK Module
Figure 4-1 RZUSBSTICK overview
USB interface
MCU:
AT90USB1287,
USB and RF Stacks
2-way sync
Serial comm
Radio chip
AT86RF230
MCU oscillator
16MHz Xtal
8MHz Xtal
The AVR RZUSBSTICK hardware is based a USB microcontroller and a radio
transceiver chip. The AT90USB1287 microcontroller handles the USB interface, the
AT86RF230 radio transceiver and the RF protocol stacks.
For hardware details please refer to Appendix D for the complete AVR RZUSBSTICK
schematics.
4.1 AVR Microcontroller
The AT90USB1287 is a device in the family of AVRs with a low and full speed USB
macro with device, host and On-the-go (OTG) capabilities.
4.2 Atmel Radio Transceiver
The AT86RF230 is a 2.4GHz radio transceiver that is tailored for a wide range of
wireless applications. Low power consumption and market leading RF performance
makes it an excellent choice for virtually any type of networking device. Support for
IEEE 802.15.4 (Automatic acknowledge of packets, address filtering and automatic
channel access) type of applications is available through an enhanced layer of
functionality on top of the basic radio transceiver.
4.3 Antenna description
The antenna on the RZUSBSTICK is a folded dipole antenna with a net peak gain of
0dB
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4.4 Interfaces
Figure 4-2 RZUSBSTICK Interfaces - front.
Figure 4-3 RZUSBSTICK Interfaces - back
4.4.1 External Memory Interface
When necessary the AT90USB1287’s 8k Bytes of internal SRAM can be extended
through the AVR external memory interface. The suggested external SRAM is 32k
Bytes and is available from address 0x8000 to 0xFFFF giving a total of 40k Bytes
when assembled.
Suggested latch and RAM:
•
74AHC573PW.
•
BS62UV256TCP-10.
4.4.2 Serial Interface
The USART on the AT90USB1287 is routed to J4 on the RZRAVEN’s backside. J4 is
implemented as three large pads (RX-TX-GND) where the user can solder in wires
and route the signal to his or her preference. The RX-TX signals are TTL level, so an
external level converter must be connected if RS232 levels are necessary.
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4.4.3 Programming Interface
A JTAG interface is provided for the AT90USB1287 microcontroller. The interface is
available through a 50-mil spaced 10-pin dual row header. The RZRAVEN does not
come with the header mounted. So it is up to the user populating it. Wires could also
be soldered in instead of the dual row headers. A total of 5 50-mil pin headers and
one 50-mil to 100-mil converter are supplied with the RZRAVEN kit.
4.4.4 LEDs
4 LEDs is assembled on the board:
Table 4-1. AT90USB1287 LEDs
12
LED
AT90USB1297 Port Pin
Comment
Blue (D1)
PORTD7
Turn LED on by pulling port pin high
Red (D2)
PORTD5
Turn LED on by pulling port pin low
Green (D3)
PORTE7
Turn LED on by pulling port pin low
Orange (D4)
PORTE6
Turn LED on by pulling port pin low
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5 Appendix A: AVRRAVEN Schematics
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6 Appendix B: AVRRAVEN Bill of materials
Table 6-1. AVRRAVEN BOM
Qty Designator
18
Description
Manufacturer
Part #
5
C205, C206,
C207, C220,
C221
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, NP0, 50V, +/0.25pF
1.2p
2
C201, C204
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, NP0, 50V, +/-5%
12p
3
C413, C414,
C415
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, NP0, 50V, +/-10%
100p
1
C404
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, X7R, 25V, +/-10%
4.7n
14
C208, C301,
C405, C407,
C408, C409,
C410, C411,
C412, C416,
C417, C420,
C421, C503
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, X7R, 25V, +/-10%
10n
2
C502, C504
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0805, Y5V, 10V, -20/+80
%
4.7u
12
C211, C212,
C213, C214,
C215, C303,
C304, C305,
C306, C307,
C418, C501
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, X7R, 16V, +/-10%
10
C202, C203,
C209, C210,
C302, C401,
C402, C403,
C406, C505
Ceramic capacitor, SMD Kemet
0402, X5R, 6.3V, +/-10%
C0402C105K9PAC
4
R201, R208,
R209, R415
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
0R
7
R203, R306,
R425, R427,
R428, R430,
R434
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
470R
5
R303, R401,
R404, R405,
R417
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
1k
1
R502
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
1.5k
7
R304, R411,
R412, R413,
R414, R432,
R435
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
3k
Kemet
C0402C104K4RACTU
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Qty Designator
Description
Manufacturer
1
R410
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
3.3k
17
R202, R206,
R210, R211,
R212, R301,
R302, R307,
R402, R406,
R407, R408,
R421, R422,
R423, R424,
R503
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
10k
1
R305
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
47k
10
R308, R309,
R310, R409,
R416, R419,
R426, R429,
R501, R504
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
100k
3
R403, R418,
R420
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
470k
1
R431
NTC Thermistor
100kOhm
Murata
NCP18WF104J03RB
2
L401, L402
SMD RF inductor 0805
Murata
BLM21PG300SN1D
2
L201, L501
SMD RF inductor 0805.
Murata
BLM21AG102SN1D
2
L202, L203
RF Inductor, 2.7nH,
0,17ohm, 300mA, 0402
Johanson
Technology
L-07C2N7SV6T
3
D401, D403,
D408
Dual schottky diode,
ST
BAT54SWFILM
1
D501
Dual Schottky diode,
Philips
1PS70SB15
1
D404
Bidirectional Transient
ST
suppression diode, 600W
SM6T12CA
1
Q501
General purpose SMD
BJT dual NPN-PNP
Philips
BC847BPN
1
U303
16-megabit 2.7-3.6 volt
DataFlash
ATMEL
AT45DB161D-SU
1
U201
2.4GHz ZigBee/802.15.4 ATMEL
tranceiver
AT86RF230-ZU
1
U203
2kbit Serial (TWI)
EEPROM, AT24C02B,
1.8-5V
AT24C02B-TSU-T
1
U501
LDO 3.3V 150mA SOT23- Texas Instruments LP2985A-33DBV
5 (cer. cap)
1
U402
LMV934MT 1V8 Quad
National
Semiconductor
LMV934MT
1
U204
AVR 8-bit RISC MCU
ATMEL
ATmega1284PV-10MU
1
U301
AVR 8-bit RISC MCU
ATMEL
ATmega3290PV-10AU
ATMEL
Part #
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Qty Designator
Description
Manufacturer
1
U403
TS2007 3W class D audio ST
amp.
TS2007IQT
2
XC202, XC301
32.768kHz SMD crystal,
85SMX style
Rakon Ltd
LF XTAL016207
1
SP401
PC board speaker, SMD
mount
Veco Vansonic
20CS08KQ-150ND
1
XC201
16MHz uXtal GSX-323,
Golledge
2.0 x 2.5 mm SMD 10ppm
GSX-323/111BF 16.0MHz
1
U401
Citizen 4.2x4.2mm SMD
electmic
CHM-04C-03
1
SW301
ALPS 4-directional switch ALPS
with center push function
SKRHABE010
1
PCB101
AVRRAVEN PCB
A08-0402
2
J501, J502
LR44 battery clip, SMD
Keystone Corp.
2996TR
1
J503
1x3 pin header, 2 mm
pitch, THM
SAMTEC
TMM-103-01-L-S
1
JS501
Jumper cap for 2.00mm
pinheader
SAMTEC
2SN-BK-G
2
BT501, BT502
LR44 coin-cell battery
1
D301
LED, Red, SMD 0603
Lumex
SML-LX0603SRW-TR
1
U302
AVRRAVEN LCD
Orient Display
0710091B
Citizen
Part #
7 Appendix C: AVRRAVEN LCD
Figure 7-1 AVRRAVEN Segments
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Table 7-1. LCD Segment description and mapping
Bit
Registers
LCDDR19
LCDDR18
LCDDR17
LCDDR16
LCDDR15
LCDDR14
LCDDR13
LCDDR12
LCDDR11
LCDDR1
LCDDR9
LCDDR8
LCDDR7
LCDDR6
LCDDR5
LCDDR4
LCDDR3
LCDDR2
LCDDR1
LCDDR0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SEG39
SEG38
SEG37
SEG36
SEG35
SEG34
SEG33
SEG32
8A
8B
9A
9B
10A
10B
11A
11B
SEG31
SEG30
SEG29
SEG28
SEG27
SEG26
SEG25
SEG24
PAN ID
RX
R1
B1
7C
SPK
7M
7D
SEG23
SEG22
SEG21
SEG20
SEG19
SEG18
SEG17
SEG16
6C
TONE
6M
6D
5C
BELL
5M
5D
SEG15
SEG14
SEG13
SEG12
SEG11
SEG10
SEG9
SEG8
4C
°C
4M
4D
3C
°F
3M
3D
SEG7
SEG6
SEG5
SEG4
SEG3
SEG2
SEG1
SEG0
2C
PM
2M
2D
1C
AM
1M
1D
SEG39
SEG38
SEG37
SEG36
SEG35
SEG34
SEG33
SEG32
8F
8G
9F
9G
10F
10G
11F
11G
SEG31
SEG30
SEG29
SEG28
SEG27
SEG26
SEG25
SEG24
IP
SUN
TX
B4
7H
7N
7L
7E
SEG23
SEG22
SEG21
SEG20
SEG19
SEG18
SEG17
SEG16
6H
6N
6L
6E
5H
5N
5L
5E
SEG15
SEG14
SEG13
SEG12
SEG11
SEG10
SEG9
SEG8
4H
4N
4L
4E
3H
3N
3L
3E
SEG7
SEG6
SEG5
SEG4
SEG3
SEG2
SEG1
SEG0
2H
2N
2L
2E
1H
1N
1L
1E
SEG39
SEG38
SEG37
SEG36
SEG35
SEG34
SEG33
SEG32
8E
8C
9E
9C
10E
10C
11E
11C
SEG31
SEG30
SEG29
SEG28
SEG27
SEG26
SEG25
SEG24
MINUS
E1
Z-LINK
B3
7B
7K
7J
7G
SEG23
SEG22
SEG21
SEG20
SEG19
SEG18
SEG17
SEG16
6B
6K
6J
6G
5B
5K
5J
5G
SEG15
SEG14
SEG13
SEG12
SEG11
SEG10
SEG9
SEG8
4B
4K
4J
4G
3B
3K
3J
3G
SEG7
SEG6
SEG5
SEG4
SEG3
SEG2
SEG1
SEG0
2B
2K
2J
2G
1B
1K
1J
1G
SEG39
SEG38
SEG37
SEG36
SEG35
SEG34
SEG33
SEG32
8D
COLON
9D
POINT
10D
E3
11D
E2
SEG31
SEG30
SEG29
SEG28
SEG27
SEG26
SEG25
SEG24
RAVEN+AVR MOON
SEG23
SEG22
Z_ZIGBEE
B2
MIC
7A
7I
SEG21
SEG20
SEG19
SEG18
SEG17
COM
COM3
COM2
COM1
7F
SEG16 COM0
ATT!
6A
6I
6F
KEY
5A
5I
5F
SEG15
SEG14
SEG13
SEG12
SEG11
SEG10
SEG9
SEG8
R5
4A
4I
4F
R4
3A
3I
3F
SEG7
SEG6
SEG5
SEG4
SEG3
SEG2
SEG1
SEG0
R3
2A
2I
2F
R2
1A
1I
1F
21
8117D-AVR-04/08
8 Appendix D: RZUSBSTICK Schematics
22
AVR2016
8117D-AVR-04/08
AVR2016
9 Appendix E: RZUSBSTICK Bill of materials
Table 9-1. RZUSBSTICK BOM
Qt Designator
Description
Manufacturer
1
C18
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, NP0, 50V, +/-.25pF
1.5p
2
C11, C12
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, NP0, 50V, +/-5%
12p
2
C22, C23
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, NP0, 50V, +/-5%
18p
2
C5, C6
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, NP0, 50V, +/-5%
22p
2
C2, C8
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, X7R, 25V, +/-10%
10n
1
C4
Ceramic capacitor, SMD
0402, X7R, 16V, +/-10%
Kemet
C1,C10,C13,C16,
C17,C21,C24, C25, Ceramic capacitor, SMD
12 C26, C3, C7, C9
0402, X5R, 6.3V, +/-10% Kemet
Part #
C0402C104K4RACTU
C0402C105K9PAC
2
R15, R16
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
0R
2
R3, R8
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
22R
5
R1,R10,R5,R6,R7
Thick film resistor, SMD
0402, 1/16W, 1%
470R
6
R12, R13, R14, R2, Thick film resistor, SMD
R4, R9
0402, 1/16W, 1%
1
L1
SMD RF inductor 0805.
Murata
BLM21AG102SN1D
1
Q1
General purpose NPN.
Philips
BC847W
1
U5
Transient Suppressor,
TI
SN65220YZBR
1
U1
AVR 8-bit RISC MCU with
USB, QFN64 package
ATMEL
AT90USB1287-16MU
1
U2
2.4GHz ZigBee/802.15.4
tranceiver
ATMEL
AT86RF230-ZU
1
U3
2kbit Serial (TWI)
EEPROM, AT24C02B,
ATMEL
AT24C02B-TSU-T
1
U4
LDO 3.3V 150mA
TI
LP2985A-33DBV
1
XC1
16MHz uXtal GSX-323,
Golledge
GSX-323/111BF 16.0MHz
1
XC2
8.0MHz Xtal GSX-752
Golledge
GSX-752B/551EF 8MHz
1
PCB1
RZUSBStick PCB
ATMEL
A08-0384
1
J2
USB type A plug, SMD
SAMTEC
USB-AM-S-F-B-SM1-R
1
D2
LED, Red,
Everlight
EL17-21USRC
1
D3
LED, Green,
Everlight
EL17-21SYGC
1
D4
LED, Yellow,
Everlight
EL17-21UYC/A2
1
D1
LED, Blue,
Everlight
EL17-21UBC
10k
23
8117D-AVR-04/08
10 Appendix F: Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Statement
10.1 FCC Statements
10.1.1 Equipment usage
This equipment is for use by developers for evaluation purposes only and must not be
incorporated into any other device or system.
10.1.2 Compliance Statement (Part 15.19)
These devices comply with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. These devices may not cause harmful interference, and
2. These devices must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
10.1.3 Warning (Part 15.21)
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by Atmel Norway could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
10.1.4 Compliance Statement (Part 15.105(b) )
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
10.1.5 FCC IDs
The AVRRAVEN has FCCID: VW4AVRRAVEN
The RZUSBSTICK has FCCID: VW4AVRRZUSBSTICK
24
AVR2016
8117D-AVR-04/08
AVR2016
11 Table of Contents
Features ............................................................................................... 1
1 Introduction ...................................................................................... 1
2 General ............................................................................................. 2
3 The AVRRAVEN Module .................................................................. 3
3.1 AVR Microcontrollers........................................................................................... 4
3.2 Atmel Radio Transceiver ..................................................................................... 4
3.3 Antenna description............................................................................................. 4
3.4 LCD ..................................................................................................................... 4
3.5 Speaker ............................................................................................................... 5
3.6 Microphone.......................................................................................................... 5
3.7 Serial Dataflash® ................................................................................................ 5
3.8 Serial EEPROM................................................................................................... 5
3.9 Real Time Clock .................................................................................................. 5
3.10 NTC ................................................................................................................... 5
3.11 Power Supply .................................................................................................... 6
3.12 Interfaces........................................................................................................... 7
3.12.1 Programming Interface ............................................................................................ 8
3.12.2 Relay Interface ........................................................................................................ 8
3.13 Voltage Measurement Interface ........................................................................ 8
3.13.1 GPIO ....................................................................................................................... 8
4 The AVR RZUSBSTICK Module .................................................... 10
4.1 AVR Microcontroller .......................................................................................... 10
4.2 Atmel Radio Transceiver ................................................................................... 10
4.3 Antenna description........................................................................................... 10
4.4 Interfaces........................................................................................................... 11
4.4.1 External Memory Interface ...................................................................................... 11
4.4.2 Serial Interface ........................................................................................................ 11
4.4.3 Programming Interface ............................................................................................ 12
4.4.4 LEDs........................................................................................................................ 12
5 Appendix A: AVRRAVEN Schematics .......................................... 13
6 Appendix B: AVRRAVEN Bill of materials ................................... 18
7 Appendix C: AVRRAVEN LCD ...................................................... 20
8 Appendix D: RZUSBSTICK Schematics ....................................... 22
9 Appendix E: RZUSBSTICK Bill of materials ................................ 23
10 Appendix F: Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Statement........................................................................................... 24
25
8117D-AVR-04/08
10.1 FCC Statements.............................................................................................. 24
10.1.1 Equipment usage .................................................................................................. 24
10.1.2 Compliance Statement (Part 15.19) ...................................................................... 24
10.1.3 Warning (Part 15.21) ............................................................................................. 24
10.1.4 Compliance Statement (Part 15.105(b) ) ............................................................... 24
10.1.5 FCC IDs................................................................................................................. 24
11 Table of Contents......................................................................... 25
Disclaimer.......................................................................................... 27
26
AVR2016
8117D-AVR-04/08
Disclaimer
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8117D-AVR-04/08