Installation manual | Audiovox AX-45 Automobile Electronics User Manual

Model AX-45
Installation Manual
Keyless Entry System
With Two Auxiliary Outputs
Installation Instructions
This Unit Is Intended For Installation In Vehicles With
12 Volt Negative Ground Electrical Systems Only.
Kit Contents:
(1) Control Module
(2) - Three Button Transmitters
4 Channel Code Learning Receiver
On Board Antenna
(1) - Multi Pin Input/Output Harness
(1) - Three Pin Door Lock Harness
(1) - Two Pin LED Indicator
(1) - Two Pin Valet / Override Switch
(1) - 15 Amp In-line Fuse Holder With Fuse
(1) - 5 Amp In-line Fuse Holder With Fuse
(1) - Installation Manual
(1) - Operator's Manual
(1) - Limited Warranty
(2) - Window Decals
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This Keyless Entry System is designed to provide a convenient electronic means to gain access to the vehicle by
providing RF remote control over the vehicle's power door lock system. The unit also includes outputs to control the
vehicle's dome lights, as well as exterior parking lights. Although not an alarm system, this unit also incudes a starter
interrupt circuit output. It also includes two additional auxiliary outputs designed to allow for control over optional devices
such as a power trunk release or engine starting device.
BEFORE BEGINNING THE INSTALLATION:
1) Find locations to mount the following items:
Control Module
Dash Mounted LED
Valet/Program/Manual Override Switch
2) Determine the type of factory power door lock system in use. Knowing the type of system before beginning
the installation can make the installation easier and faster since you can build whatever interface (if needed)
beforehand.
3) Determine whether the vehicle includes a power trunk release system and if so what type it is.
INSTALLATION OF COMPONENTS:
CONTROL MODULE:
The Control Module is NOT waterproof, DO NOT mount it in the Engine Compartment. Select a mounting location under
the dashboard. Choose a mounting location that will not interfere with proper operation of the vehicle's steering column
mechanism and brake and gas pedals. Secure the Control Module in the chosen location. Wait until all components
have been installed and all connections made before plugging in the main connectors.
DASH MOUNTED LED:
The small Red LED included in the kit serves as a visual indicator of the system's status and provides a visual deterrent
to a potential thief. The LED also provides important feed back information during the transmitter and feature program
modes. The LED should be installed in the dashboard in a highly visible area that may be seen from the driver’s seat as
well as from outside the vehicle. Try to choose a location close enough to the Control Module so that the LED's wires will
reach. Carefully inspect the area behind your chosen location to insure that the drill will not penetrate any existing factory
wiring or fluid lines. Drill a 1/4" hole and pass the connector end of the LED through the hole and route the wires toward
the location of the Control Module. Press the LED firmly into place until it is fully seated.
VALET / MANUAL OVERRIDE SWITCH :
Since much of the use of this switch by the vehicle operator requires concurrent operation of the ignition key switch, it is
recommended that the Valet / Manual Override Switch be placed such that it can be reached by the driver's left hand, while
they operate the ignition key switch with their right hand. The switch can be mounted to the lower dash panel in the drivers
area. Inspect behind the chosen location to insure that adequate clearance is allowed for the body of the switch and also
that the drill will not penetrate any existing factory wiring or fluid lines. Drill a 1/4" hole in the desired location and mount
the switch by passing it through the panel from the opposite side. Secure the switch using the nut, star washer, and on/
off face plate. It is suggested that the switch be oriented to allow the on position to be up toward the driver and the off
position to be down or away from the driver. Route the switch’s wires and connector toward the location of the Control
Module.
RED Wire (Connects to Red/Purple wire at harness plug): Main 12 Volt Input Wire
These are the main power input wires for the system. Both wires connect to a separate fuse holder contained in the
harness. These fuse holders each hold a separate ATC fuse, one 5AMP and one 15AMP. This RED wire must be
connected to a constant power wire at the vehicle's ignition switch harness or fuse box.
Locate a constant power wire at the vehicle's ignition switch harness. This wire will read +12VDC at all times, regardless
of the position of the ignition key switch. Attach the RED wire of the harness to this point by splicing and taping the
connection.
YELLOW Wire: Ignition Input Wire
This wire provides the system with an ignition power input from the vehicle. Connect this wire to the Ignition wire (primary
ignition wire) from the ignition switch. This vehicle wire will show +12VDC when the ignition key is turned to the "ON" or
"RUN" position and when turned to the "START" or CRANK" positions and will have 0 VDC when the key is turned to the
"OFF" and "ACCESSORY" positions.
Locate an ignition power wire at the vehicle's ignition switch harness. By splicing and taping the connection, attach the
YELLOW wire of the system to this point.
WHITE Wire: Positive Parking Light Flash Wire
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This wire is designed to output a +12VDC positive light flash output, driven by the UNITS's internal relay, to be connected
directly to the vehicle's positive parking light circuit. Once the wire is located, confirm that all the vehicle's parking lights will
illuminate when +12VDC is connected to it.
NOTE: Some vehicles, (mostly European) have isolated "left" and "right" side parking lights. To connect to the parking
light systems in these vehicles, you must use separate SPDT relays to connect to each side in order to keep them
isolated. Attach the WHITE wire of the system to this point.
GREEN Wire: Negative (-) Door Sense Input Wire
If the vehicle's interior lights are controlled by grounding door pinswitches (typical of most GM, Chrysler, and import
vehicles), the Green negative door sense wire should connect to one of the vehicle's factory door pin switches. In many
cases the factory door pinswitches are wired in parallel, making it necessary to connect to only one door switch in order
to detect the opening of all doors. In a few cases this will not be true, making it necessary to connect to the vehicle dome
light, which typically is the intersection point of all doors.
Locate the vehicle's negative door trigger wire in the vehicle's kick panel or under dash. Connect the Green wire of the
system to this point.
PURPLE Wire: Positive (+) Door Sense Input Wire
If the vehicle's interior lights are controlled by +12VDC (Positive) door pinswitches (typical of most Ford vehicles), the
Purple positive door sense wire should connect to one of the vehicle's factory door pin switches. In many cases the factory
door pinswitches are wired in parallel, making it necessary to connect to only one door switch in order to detect the
opening of all doors. In a few cases this will not be true, making it necessary to connect to the vehicle domelight, which
typically is the intersection point of all doors.
Locate the vehicle's positive door trigger wire in the vehicle's kick panel or under dash. Using the appropriate connector,
attach the PURPLE wire of the system to this point.
BLACK Wire: Main System Ground
This is one of the most important wires of the installation. It must be connected properly to a solid chassis ground.
Special care must be taken to locate a clean metal part of the chassis as an attachment point for this wire. Some
installers prefer to locate a sturdy metal bolt under the dashboard or at the kick panel and use it as the attachment point.
If you find a suitable factory bolt that reads ground when tested, attach a ring terminal connector to the Black wire, remove
the bolt, place the ring terminal over the bolt and reinstall it, tightening it securely. If you choose instead to drill your own
mounting hole into the vehicle's chassis, be certain to remove any paint or grease and secure the ring terminal.
BROWN/BLACK Wire: Horn/Siren Output Wire
This wire provides a ground output (300 mA Max.) designed to drive a relay, which in turn can drive either the vehicle's horn
or an optional electronic siren. Depending upon which sounding device you decide to drive, the Brown/Black output wire
must first be programmed to control either the Horn or the Siren. The factory default setting is for the wire to control the
horn. Please refer to the section titled; "Programming System Features" later on in this manual for the programming
procedure.
To connect this output to drive a vehicle horn, locate the vehicle's horn wire, almost always a negative switched wire,
(typically found among the wires of the steering column), and connect it.
BROWN/BLACK Wire: Horn/Siren Output Wire
This wire provides a ground output (300 mA). To connect this output to drive an optional siren, a relay must be used to
convert the negative output to a positive output. The output wire must be programmed for siren output. Please refer to the
section titled; "Programming System Features" later on in this manual for the programming procedure.
Find a suitable mounting location for the siren and mount it properly. Run the siren's positive wire into the passenger
compartment to the location of the system and connect it to the additional relay.
BLACK/WHITE: Dome Light Supervision Output Wire
This wire provides a 30 second ground output (300 mA Max.) whenever the remote is used to unlock the doors. This
allows for the illumination of the vehicle's interior before entry. It also provides a flashing output that duplicates the parking
light output flash rate whenever the "Panic Mode" is engaged. This wire must be connected to an external relay and wired
to the vehicle's interior entry lighting whenever the optional Interior Illumination feature circuit is desired.
RED/WHITE Wire: Delayed 300mA Pulsed, Channel 2 Output
This wire supplies a 300mA ground pulsed output whenever channel three of the receiver is accessed. Pressing Button
3 for three seconds will access Channel 2. This is a low current output and must be connected to a relay to supply power
to the trunk release or the circuit you wish to control. Connect this wire to terminal # 86 of a VF45F11 P&B relay or
equivalent. Connect terminal # 85 of the relay to a fused +12VDC source. Connect the common, normally open, and
normally closed contacts of the relay to perform the selected function of Channel 2.
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WHITE/BLUE Wire: Immediate, 300mA Duration of Transmit, Channel 4 Output This wire supplies a 300mA switched
output whenever Channel 4 of the receiver is accessed. Pressing A combination of the transmitter Lock/Unlock buttons
simultaneously will access Channel 4 and will remain active for as long as the transmitter button(s) is held. This is a low
current output and must be connected to a relay to supply power to the device you intend to control. Connect this wire to
terminal #86 of a VF45F11 P&B relay or equivalent. Connect terminal #85 of the relay to a fused + 12 volt source. Connect
the common, normally open, and normally closed contacts of the relay to perform the selected function of the Channel 4
output.
ORANGE Wire: Ground When Armed Output
This wire provides a 300mA ground output when the keyless entry is locked to control the optional starter inhibit relay.
Connect the Orange wire to terminal #86 of a standard SPDT relay. Connect terminal #85 of the relay to an ignition wire
in the vehicle that is +12VDC when the ignition key is turned to the on and start positions and off when the key is in the off
position. Locate and cut the low current starter solenoid wire found at the vehicle's ignition switch harness. This wire will
have +12VDC when the ignition key is moved to the start (crank) position and will have 0 volts in all other key positions.
Connect one side of the cut wire to terminal #87a of the relay. Connect the other side of the cut wire to terminal #30 of the
relay.
DOOR LOCK/UNLOCK CONTROL HARNESS:
3PIN White Plug w/3 Wires; GREEN, BLUE, & BLUE/RED
The Green and Blue Door Lock/Unlock output wires provide either a momentary pulsed ground (-) or a momentary pulsed
+12VDC (+) output for controlling a vehicle's power door lock/unlock circuit. To better understand this, refer to the table
below:
The Blue/Red trace wire will provide a pulsed ground only and will only provide an output when the lock/unlock button of
the transmitter is pressed a second time after a first unlock command was issued. This is used for second step unlock
or all doors unlock in a two step circuit. In this arrangement, Green is used to control the drivers door unlock relay and the
Blue/Red will be used to control unlock of all other doors.
3 Wire Ground Switched Signal Step Door Locks
In this application, the green wire provides a ground pulse during arming, or the pulsed ground lock output. Connect the
green wire to the wire that provides a low current ground signal from the factory door lock switch to the factory door lock control
relay.
The blue wire provides a ground pulse during disarming, or the pulsed ground unlock output. Connect the blue wire to the
wire that provides a low current ground signal from the factory door unlock switch to the factory door lock control relay.
Blue/Red wire is Not Used.
3 Wire Ground Switched 2 Step Door Locks
In this application, the green wire provides a ground pulse during locking, or the pulsed ground lock output. Connect the
green wire to the wire that provides a low current ground signal from the factory door lock switch to the factory door lock control
relay.
The blue wire provides the first ground pulse during unlocking, or the drivers door pulsed ground unlock output. Connect
this wire to the drivers door unlock relay that requires a low current ground signal to unlock only the drivers door. If the
vehicle does not have a separate drivers door relay, one will have to be added. Locate the drivers door unlock motor wire
and cut it at a convenient location to allow wiring of an optional relay. Connect the door side of the cut wire to terminal 30
of the optional relay added. Connect the vehicle side of the cut wire to terminal 87a of the optional relay added. Connect
the blue wire of the 3 pin harness to terminal 86 of the optional relay added. Connect terminal 85 of the optional relay
added to a fused constant + 12 volt source. Most vehicles door lock/unlock motor legs rest at ground and switch +12 volts
to the door lock/unlock motor legs for operation. If this is the case in the vehicle you are working on, connect the remaining
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terminal 87, to a fused + 12 volt source. In the rare instance that the vehicle door lock/unlock motor legs rest at + 12 volts
and switches ground to the door lock/unlock motors, connect the remaining terminal 87, to chassis ground.
The Blue/Red wire provides a pulse ground output when the unlock button of the transmitter is pressed a second time
after unlocking the driver's door. Connect the Blue/Red wire to the wire that provides a low current ground signal from the
factory door unlock switch to the factory door lock control relay.
3 Wire Positive Switched Door Locks
In this application, the green wire provides a positive pulse during unlocking, or the pulsed + 12 volt unlock output.
Connect the green wire to the wire that provides a low current positive signal from the factory door unlock switch to the
factory door lock control relay.
The blue wire provides a positive pulse during locking, or the pulsed + 12 volt lock output. Connect the blue wire to the
wire that provides a low current positive signal from the factory door lock switch to the factory door lock control relay.
3 Wire Positive Switched 2 Step Door Locks
The blue wire provides a positive pulse during locking, or the pulsed + 12 volt lock output. Connect the blue wire to the
wire that provides a low current positive signal from the factory door lock switch to the factory door lock control relay.
The green wire provides a positive pulse during unlocking, or the drivers door pulsed positive unlock output. Connect
this wire to the drivers door unlock relay that requires a low current positive signal to unlock only the drivers door. If the
vehicle does not have a separate drivers door relay, one will have to be added. Locate the drivers door unlock motor wire
and cut it at a convenient location to allow wiring of an optional relay. Connect the door side of the cut wire to terminal 30
of the optional relay added. Connect the vehicle side of the cut wire to terminal 87a of the optional relay added. Connect
the green wire of the 3 pin harness to terminal 86 of the optional relay added. Connect terminal 85 of the optional relay
added to chassis ground. Most vehicles door lock/unlock motor legs rest at ground and switch +12 volts to the door lock/
unlock motor legs for operation, if this is the case in the vehicle you are working on, connect the remaining terminal 87, to
a fused + 12 volt source. In the rare instance that the vehicle door lock/unlock motor legs rest at + 12 volts and switches
ground to the door lock/unlock motors, connect the remaining terminal 87, to chassis ground.
The Blue/Red wire provides a pulse ground output when the unlock button of the transmitter is pressed a second time
after unlocking the driver's door. Because the vehicle you are working on requires a positive pulse from the factory door
lock switch to the factory door lock control relay, you will have to add a relay to invert the output polarity of this wire. Connect
the Blue/Red wire to terminal 86 of the optional added relay. Connect terminal 85 and 87 to a fuse
+ 12 volt source. Connect terminal 30 to the low current door unlock wire from the factory door switch to the door unlock
control relay.
Resistive Circuits, As Well As 4 Wire Polarity Reversal and 5 Wire Alternating 12 Volt Door Lock Control Circuits
These applications require the use of additional components which may include relays or fixed resistors. Check with
your technician for information on these circuits or refer to the technical service hot line set up by your product
representative.
PLUG-IN CONNECTIONS AND COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION:
Now that all the other components have been installed and most of the main connections completed, it is time to finish
connecting the remaining plug-in components and completing the installation. Even though these are plug-in connections
and the plugs have been shaped such that they cannot be plugged in wrong, please read and follow the instructions for
each connection to make certain each component is properly installed.
DASH MOUNTED LED
2 PIN White Plug w/2 Wires; Red and Blue
The Red and Blue wires in the 2 PIN mini white connector control the anode and cathode of the dash mounted LED. Route
the twin lead Red and Blue wires from the LED to the control unit and plug the two pin connector into the mating white mini
connector shell of the control module. Do not force the connector, it will only plug in one way.
VALET/PROGRAM/MANUAL OVERRIDE SWITCH
2 PIN Blue Plug w/2 Wires; Black & and Gray
The Black and Gray wires in the 2 PIN blue connector are the ground supply and Valet/Program input of the unit. When the
Gray wire is grounded, under certain conditions, the unit will enter the valet mode. When the Gray wire is sequentially
grounded under other conditions, the unit will enter the various program modes. Route the Black and Grey wires from the
Valet/Program/Manual Override switch to the control unit and plug the blue 2 PIN connector into the mating blue connector
shell of the control module. Do not force the connector, it will only plug in one way. Note: Please refer to the section;
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"Programming System Features" shown later in this installation guide to learn the operation of the valet/program/manual
override switch.
POWER DOOR LOCK HARNESS
3PIN White Plug w/3 Wires; Green, Blue & Blue/Red
The connection of the power door lock/unlock wires has already been explained. Route the three pin connector to the unit
and plug the connector into the mating white three pin connector shell of the control module. Do not force the connector,
it will only plug in one way.
PROGRAMMING FEATURES:
There are seven (7) Programmable Features on this system. Study the list below, keeping in mind the features and their
defaults, (how it comes programmed from the factory), and decide how best to program the UNIT for your particular
installation.
Programmable Features:
Features
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
1 Chirp
Passive Arming
Ignition D/L ON
Ignition D/UL ON
Chirps ON
Passive D/L
Siren Output
800ms D/L Pulse
2 Chirp
Active Arming
Ignition D/L OFF
Ignition D/UL OFF
Chirps OFF
Active D/L
Horn Output
3.5 Sec. D/L Pulse
3 Chirps
800ms D/L Pulse
Double 800ms D/UL Pulses
Default
Active Arming
Ignition D/L OFF
Ignition D/UL OFF
Chirps ON
Active D/L
Horn Output
800ms Door Lock
To Program These Features:
Entering the Programming Mode involves operating the Ignition Switch and the Valet/Program/Manual Override Switch in
a particular sequence. This sequence is very time dependent, in other words it must be performed quickly in order for you
to enter the mode. This sequence is also only one step different from the Transmitter Programming Mode, so make
certain you perform the sequence properly.
Upon entering the Programming Mode, the system is immediately set to allow adjustment of the First Programmable
Feature. That First feature, "Passive or Active Arming", can then be set ON or OFF by pressing the lock button of the
transmitter. The system confirms that it is set to adjust the First feature by repeatedly flashing the LED once, with a pause
in between each flash. The system will then report how the feature has been set by the number of chirps heard after
pressing the transmitter button. Toggling the Valet/Program/Manual Override Switch once again will advance you to the
Second Programmable Feature, confirmed by a repeating two LED flashes, with a pause in between each flash, etc.
It is important to note that when you first enter the Programming Mode, you are automatically positioned to adjust the First
Programmable Feature and that the Valet/Program/Manual Override Switch allows you to toggle from there through each
of the six more programmable features. However, it will not allow you to return to any feature once you have toggled past
it. Should you accidentally toggle past the feature you wanted to program, you must exit and re-enter the Programming
Mode and then adjust the feature you missed.
It is also important to note that you may toggle past as many programmable features as you wish without having to adjust
them. Each time you toggle forward to a new feature, the horn will chirp the appropriate number of times (1, 2, or 3 times)
to indicate how that feature is currently set, and the LED will flash the appropriate number of times to indicate the number
of the feature (First through Seventh) that you are set to adjust. For example, you might enter the mode and toggle the
Valet/Program/Manual Override Switch 3 times in order to adjust the Fourth programmable feature. The system would
respond with 1 Chirp, and the LED would begin to flash 4 Flashes, pause, and repeat. This has told you that the system
is ready for you to adjust the Fourth programmable feature, and that it is currently programmed for Chirps ON. A single
press of the lock button of the transmitter will cause the system to produce 2 Chirps. This signifies that you have
changed the programming to Chirps OFF. Please follow the programming procedure on the next page, and refer to the
list of the Programmable Features above when programming the system.
To program these selectable features;
First
Action
Turn ignition on
Turn the valet switch on then off 3 times
Within 3 seconds, turn ignition Off
System Response
No response
1 Chirp - LED 1 flash
Short chirp, then long chirp
LED Response
Then On
Press transmitter Lock button to change
or
2 chirps = active arming
1 chirp = passive arming
1 Flash pause
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Second Turn the valet switch on then off
Press transmitter Lock button to change
or
Third
Turn the valet switch on then off
Press transmitter Lock button to change
or
Fourth Turn the valet switch on then off
Press transmitter Lock button to change
or
Fifth
Turn the valet switch on then off
Press transmitter Lock button to change
or
Sixth
Turn the valet switch on then off
Press transmitter Lock button to change
or
Seventh Turn the valet switch on then off
Press transmitter Lock button to change
Press transmitter lock button to change
or
Press and release the valet switch
or
Turn ignition key off
2 chirps = auto locks off
1 chirp = auto locks on
2 Flash pause
2 chirps = auto unlock off
1 chirp = auto unlock on
3 Flash pause
1 chirp = chirps on
2 chirps = chirps off
4 Flash pause
2 chirps = active locks
1 chirp = passive locks
5 Flash pause
2 chirp = horn output
1 chirp = siren output
6 Flash pause
1 chirp = 800ms door lock output
7 Flash pause
2 chirps = 3.5 second door lock output
3 chirps = 800ms lock dbl 800ms unlock
Exit program mode
Exit program mode
Note: Once you enter the feature programming mode, do not allow more than 15 seconds to pass between steps, or the
programming will be terminated.
COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION:
After you have confirmed the operation of the system, and tested any and all optional features of the system:
1. Mount the control module up and behind the dash securing it in place with cable ties or screws. Be certain that the
chosen mounting location will not inhibit any of the controls of the vehicle.
2. Securely harness and tie all wiring up and away from all hot and moving parts that they may come in contact with under
the dash board or in the engine compartment areas.
CAUTION: Particularly avoid the area around the steering shaft and column, as wires can wrap around these
mechanisms and impair the safe operation of the vehicle.
3. Check the vehicle's wipers, lights, horn, etc... to insure proper operation.
4. Replace all panels that were removed during installation, and retest the system.
5. Explain the operation of the system and its various features to the end user if available and place the Owner's
Manual on the dashboard for them to find and review.
White
Red
Red/Purple
Green
Purple
Yellow
Brown/Black
Black/White
Red/White
White/Blue
Orange
Black
12 Pin Main Harness
(+) Parking Light Output
(+) 12 V Constant Power 15A
(+) 12 V Constant Power 5A
(-) Door Trigger Input
(+) Door Trigger Input
(+) 12 V Ignition Input
(-) Horn Honk Output 300mA
(-) Dome Light Supervision Output 300mA
(-) Trunk Pop Output 300mA
(-) Latched Output 300mA (Ch 4)
(-) Ground When Armed Output 300mA
(-) Chassis Ground
Green
Blue
Blue/Red
3 Pin Door Lock Harness
(+) Unlock / (-) Lock
(+) Lock / (-) Unlock
(-) 2nd Unlock
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© 2003 Audiovox Electronics Corp., 150 Marcus Blvd., Hauppauge, N.Y., 11788
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