Avanti WCR524SDZD Beverage Dispenser User Manual

WARNING
Read, understand, and follow all of the instructions
and safety precautions in this manual and on all
product labels.
Failure to follow the safety precautions could result
in serious injury or death.
PROPOSITION 65
WARNING
Snowmobile engines discharge fuel
and exhaust, which contain chemicals
known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm, onto the snow on
which they operate. Keep this engine
properly tuned and avoid unnecessary
idling and spillage during fueling.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this
product contains chemicals known
to cause cancer, birth defects or
other reproductive harm.
Copyright 2004 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is
based on the latest product information at the time of publication. Due to constant
improvements in the design and quality of production components, some minor
discrepancies may result between the actual vehicle and the information presented in this
publication. Depictions and/or procedures in this publication are intended for reference
use only. No liability can be accepted for omissions or inaccuracies. Any reprinting or
reuse of the depictions and/or procedures contained within, whether whole or in part, is
expressly prohibited. Printed in U.S.A.
2
WELCOME
Thank you for purchasing a Polaris vehicle, and welcome to our
world-wide family of Polaris owners. We proudly produce an exciting
line of utility and recreational products.
Polaris Recreational Vehicles
S
S
S
S
S
S
Snowmobiles
All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
Personal Watercraft
Sport Boats
RANGER utility vehicles
Victory motorcycles
Polaris Professional Series Workmobilest
S Utility Task Vehiclest (UTVs)
S Personal Task Vehiclest (PTVs)
S All-Surface Loaders (ASLs)
We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and
recreational vehicles manufactured in the world today. Many years of
experience have gone into the engineering, design, and development of
your Polaris vehicle, making it the finest machine we’ve ever
produced.
For safe and enjoyable operation of your vehicle, be sure to follow the
instructions and recommendations in this owner’s manual. Your
manual contains instructions for minor maintenance, but information
about major repairs is outlined in the Polaris Service Manual and
should be performed only by a Factory Certified Master Service Dealer
(MSD) Technician.
Your Polaris dealer knows your vehicle best and is interested in your
total satisfaction. Be sure to return to your dealership for all of your
service needs during, and after, the warranty period.
We also take great pride in our Parts Apparel and Accessories (PAA)
products, available through our online store at www.purepolaris.com.
Have your accessories and clothing delivered right to your door!
POLARIS and POLARIS THE WAY OUT are registered trademarks of
Polaris Industries Inc.
WORKMOBILES, UTILITY TASK VEHICLE and PERSONAL
TASK VEHICLE are trademarks of Polaris Industries Inc.
M-10 and M-10 ACE are registered trademarks of FAST Inc.
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
This section contains helpful information for owners and drivers and
illustrates the location of important identification numbers that should
be recorded in the owner’s manual.
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
This section describes safe vehicle operation and identifies warning
decals and their locations.
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
This section identifies the locations of your snowmobile’s controls and
features.
The Perfect Fit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
This section explains how to tailor the suspension and other features
for an optimum riding experience.
Pre-Ride Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
This section explains procedures that must be performed before riding.
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
This section explains proper engine break-in, operation of features and
general operating procedures.
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
This section defines your role, and your dealer’s role, in your
snowmobile’s regular maintenance.
Polaris Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
This section is a quick reference guide to solving problems.
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
This section outlines specific warranty information.
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
4
INTRODUCTION
Important Notes for Owners and Drivers
n After reading this manual, store it in the snowmobile for
convenient reference. It should remain with the snowmobile when
sold.
n The illustrations and photos used in this manual are general
representations. Your model may differ.
n Follow the maintenance program outlined in this manual.
Preventive maintenance ensures that critical components of the
snowmobile are inspected by your dealer at specific mileage
intervals.
n You and your dealer must complete the registration form included
with your snowmobile and forward it to us. This completed form
is necessary to ensure warranty coverage.
n Protect and preserve your right to ride by joining your local trail
riding clubs.
5
INTRODUCTION
Preservation of the Environment
Polaris is committed to supporting an environmental education
campaign. We encourage state and provincial governments across the
snowbelt to adopt rigorous safety training programs that encourage
protection of our environment, including wildlife and vegetation.
Snowmobile clubs and other organizations are working together to
protect our environment. Please support their efforts and operate your
snowmobile with consideration for the protection and preservation of
our environment.
Respect your snowmobile;
respect the environment;
and you will earn
the respect of everyone.
Noise Level
One of the most publicized issues about snowmobiles is noise. The
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), the standard-setting body for
snowmobile development, recommends that snowmobiles conform to
prescribed sound levels.
Polaris snowmobiles are engineered to conform to these SAE
standards. Our muffler systems are designed to reduce noise levels and
must not be altered or removed. The sound of your snowmobile may
not be welcome to non-snowmobilers, so you have a responsibility to
operate your snowmobile with concern for others. We do our part by
manufacturing quieter machines; we ask your help to further reduce the
impact of noise by operating your snowmobile safely and responsibly.
Air Pollution
Polaris engineers continuously investigate ways to reduce emission
levels of two-stroke engines. We expect our efforts to lead to the
reduction of potential air pollution.
In addition to our technological research, we encourage government
agencies, manufacturers, distributors, dealers, ecologists, and other
interested parties to work together to develop data on environmental
topics.
6
INTRODUCTION
Vehicle Identification Numbers
The tunnel vehicle identification number (VIN) and engine serial
number are important for model identification when registering your
snowmobile, when obtaining insurance, and when ordering
replacement parts. In the event your snowmobile is stolen, these
numbers are essential to its recovery and identification.
Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. Your key can be
duplicated only by mating a Polaris key blank with one of your
existing keys. If both keys are lost, the ignition switch must be
replaced. See your Polaris dealer.
NOTE:
Record your snowmobile’s ID numbers and key number in
the spaces provided.
Tunnel VIN (lower right side of the tunnel) :
Vehicle Model Number:
Engine Serial Number (right front side of engine crankcase):
Key Number:
7
SAFETY
Operator Safety
The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this
manual and on your vehicle. Your safety is involved when these words
and symbols are used. Become familiar with their meanings before
reading the manual.
The safety alert symbol, on your vehicle or in this manual, alerts
you to the potential for personal injury.
WARNING
The safety alert warning indicates a potential hazard that may
result in serious injury or death.
CAUTION
The safety alert caution indicates a potential hazard that may
result in minor personal injury or damage to the vehicle.
CAUTION
A caution indicates a situation that may result in damage to the
vehicle.
NOTE:
A note will alert you to important information or instructions.
8
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Your Polaris snowmobile is a well-engineered and well-constructed
recreational vehicle. Follow the recommended maintenance program
outlined beginning on page 81 of this manual to ensure that all critical
components on the snowmobile are thoroughly inspected by your
dealer at specific mileage intervals.
WARNING
Driving a snowmobile requires your full attention. DO NOT drink
alcohol or use drugs or medications before or while driving. They
will reduce your alertness and slow your reaction time. In most
states and provinces, it’s prohibited by law to drive while
intoxicated or under the influence of drugs.
Polaris produces high performance snowmobiles capable of
traveling at high speeds. Extra caution must be observed to
ensure operator safety. Make sure your snowmobile is in
excellent operating condition at all times. We strongly
recommend that the operator check major and vital safety
components before every ride.
All Polaris snowmobiles are designed and tested to provide safe
operation when used as directed. Failure of critical machine
components may result from operation with any modifications,
especially those that increase speed or power. DO NOT
MODIFY YOUR MACHINE. The snowmobile may become
aerodynamically unstable at speeds higher than those for which it
is designed. Loss of control may occur at higher speeds.
Modifications may also create a safety hazard and lead to bodily
injury.
The warranty on your entire machine is terminated if any
equipment has been added, or any modifications have been
made, to increase the speed or power of the snowmobile.
9
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Stay Away From Moving Parts
WARNING
Never hold the snowmobile up or stand
behind it while warming up the track. A
loose track or flying debris could cause
serious personal injury or death.
We recommend having your dealer
perform track service and alignment
procedures.
Be alert when riding, and remain properly seated to stay clear of the
track. Your snowmobile is propelled by a revolving track that must be
partially exposed for proper operation. Serious injuries may result if
hands, feet, or clothing become entangled in the track.
WARNING
If fingers or clothing contact the moving parts of an engine,
serious injury can result. Always stop the engine before
attempting adjustments.
Never attempt adjustments with the engine running. Turn off the
ignition, raise the hood, make the adjustment, secure shields and
guards, secure the hood, and then restart the engine to check its
operation.
Riding Position
WARNING
Improper riding position may seriously reduce your ability to
control the machine and may result in serious injury or death.
Always be properly seated and in position to control your vehicle.
Operating a snowmobile requires skill and balance for proper control.
Rider positions may vary from person to person as each becomes more
skilled; but under most conditions, the proper position is to be seated
with feet on the running boards, and comfortably positioned for proper
throttle, brake, and steering control.
10
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Survival Preparation
For your safety, always ride in a group of other snowmobilers. Always
tell someone where you’re going and how long you expect to be gone.
If it isn’t possible to ride with others, and you must travel into remote
areas, always carry survival equipment that’s appropriate to the
conditions you may encounter. Such equipment may include, but is
not limited to: extra clothing, a sleeping bag, a flashlight, food and
water, a signaling mirror, a means of building a fire, and a two-way
radio or cellular telephone.
For added protection, carry the following items on your snowmobile at
all times:
SSpare Drive Belt
SExtra Set of Spark Plugs
STow Rope
SExtra Oil
SFuel Deicer
SWinter Survival Kit
STrail Map
SOwner’s Manual
SFirst Aid Kit
Riding Apparel
Be aware of the weather forecast and
especially the wind chill. A wind chill
table is provided on page 20 for your
reference. To better enjoy your ride, be
prepared, be warm and be comfortable.
WARNING
Loose clothing or long scarves may easily become entangled in
moving parts and cause serious personal injury.
Always wear an approved helmet and eye protection.
11
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Disabled Operators
Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle requires good judgement and
physical skills. Operators with cognitive or physical disabilities have
an increased risk of loss of control, which could result in serious injury
or death.
Rider Capacity
Your Polaris snowmobile is designed for a single rider only. A decal
on the console indicates single rider operation. See page 22 for decal
location.
Excessive Speed
WARNING
High speed driving, especially at night, could result in serious
personal injury or death. Always reduce speed when driving at
night or in inclement weather.
Observe all state and local laws governing snowmobile operation.
They’ve been established for your protection.
Always be alert and pay attention to the trail ahead. Multiplying speed
(MPH) by 1.5 will equal the approximate number of feet per second
your machine travels. If your speed is 40 MPH, your machine is
traveling about 60 feet per second. If you look back for only two
seconds, your machine will travel about 120 feet. If your speed is 60
MPH, your machine will travel about 180 feet in two seconds.
Traveling at night requires extra caution. Check headlight and taillight
to ensure proper operation, and don’t over-drive your headlight beam.
Always be able to bring your machine to a stop in the distance
illuminated by the headlight.
12
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Driver Awareness
Slow down when traveling near poles,
posts, or other obstacles. Be especially
alert if you’re snowmobiling after dark.
Always be on the alert for wire fences.
Single strands are especially dangerous,
since there may be a great distance
between posts. Guy wires on utility poles
are also difficult to distinguish.
Make sure the way is clear before crossing
railroads and other roads and highways.
The noise of your machine will drown out
the sound of approaching vehicles. Look
ahead, behind, and to both sides before
turning or crossing railroad tracks or
highways. Steep embankments may also
hide your view. Always leave yourself a
way out.
Variances in snow depth and/or water
currents may result in uneven ice
thickness. Always check with local
residents or authorities for general information on conditions when
traveling on lakes and streams that are strange to you. Before riding
your machine on a frozen body of water, be sure the ice is thick enough
to support the machine and its operator, as well as the force created by
a moving vehicle. You may drown if you and the snowmobile break
through the ice.
When teaching inexperienced operators to ride, set up a predetermined
course for practice. Make sure they know how to drive and control the
snowmobile before allowing them to make longer trips. Teach them
proper snowmobile courtesy, and enroll them in driver’s training and
safety courses sponsored by local or state organizations.
13
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Avalanches
Snowmobilers should always be properly
trained and equipped before traveling in
mountainous terrain:
S Take an avalanche class
S Travel with experienced people
S Travel on designated trails
S Make sure each person is equipped with
a shovel, probe and avalanche beacon.
You don’t have to be snowmobiling on a slope for an avalance to occur.
Be aware that all of the snow is connected. You may be riding on a flat
slope or snow covered road, but if the snowpack above is unstable
enough you can trigger an avalanche on a steeper slope above you.
Always be aware of snow conditions above you as you travel in
mountainous terrain.
Before riding in mountainous terrain, call or log on to your local
avalanche advisory to get current weather and snow stability
information.
For more information about avalanche training and avalanche
conditions, contact local law enforcement in your area, or visit either
the American Avalanche Association online at
www.americanavalanceassociation.org or the U.S. Forest Service
National Avalanche Center at www.avalanche.org.
14
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Ice and Snow Build-up
WARNING
Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your
machine, resulting in serious injury or death. Keep the
underhood area free of snow and ice.
Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure
ice and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering. If
difficulty is encountered, check for ice and snow build-up that may be
obstructing the steering linkage. Snow screens and bib kits are
available through your dealer to help reduce snow and ice build-up.
Driving on Slippery Surfaces
WARNING
Driving on ice or hard-packed snow reduces steering and braking
control, which may result in serious injury or death. Slow down
and use caution.
Excessive shifting of operator body weight when turning on
hard-packed snow or ice may lead to loss of vehicle control and result
in serious injury or death. Slow down to maintain control under these
conditions.
It’s dangerous to drive on ice or other slippery surfaces. If it’s
unavoidable, use extreme caution and operate at speeds no faster than a
walk. Never attempt an abrupt change of direction. The chance of
“spin-out” increases under these conditions.
15
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Driving in Hilly Terrain
WARNING
Climbing a hill or crossing the face of a slope may result in loss of
balance and machine roll-over, causing serious injury or death.
Use caution and good judgement when driving in hilly terrain.
Operating in hilly terrain requires extreme caution to maintain balance
and avoid roll-over. If climbing a hill is unavoidable, keep all your
weight low and forward.
If you must cross the face of a slope, keep your weight on the uphill
side of the machine to maintain proper balance and avoid possible
roll-over.
Slow down when reaching the crest of a hill. Be prepared to react to
obstacles, sharp drops, or other people or vehicles that may be on the
other side of the hill.
If you’re unable to continue up a hill, turn the machine downhill before
it loses momentum. If this isn’t possible, spin the track just enough to
dig in to prevent it from rolling back down the hill. Stop the engine
and set the parking brake (if equipped). Keeping away from the
downhill side of the machine, pull the rear of the snowmobile around
and point the front end and skis downhill. Remount the machine,
restart the engine, release the parking brake, and descend the hill
carefully.
Driving Downhill
When riding downhill, shift your weight to the rear of the machine and
reduce your speed to a minimum. Apply just enough throttle to keep
the clutch engaged, allowing the engine’s compression to help slow the
machine and keep it from rolling freely downhill.
WARNING
When driving on long downhill stretches, pump the brakes.
Riding the brakes may cause the brake system to overheat,
which may result in brake failure.
Excessive or repetitive use of the brakes for high speed stops will
also cause an overheated brake system. This condition may lead
to a sudden loss of brakes and/or fire and may result in serious
injury or death.
16
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Clutch Guard
Do not operate the engine with the clutch guard removed.
The clutch guard is designed to protect the operator from metal parts if
the clutch should fail. Although the chance of failure is extremely
remote, don’t defeat the purpose of the guard by removing it. It’s
provided for your safety.
Drive Belt
Do not operate the engine with the drive belt removed.
Any servicing that requires operation without a belt must be performed
by your dealer. Operation of the engine with the belt removed may
result in personal injury or damage to the engine.
Intake Silencer
Do not operate the engine with the intake silencer or filter removed.
Damage to the engine may occur if the intake silencer or filter are
removed.
Clutches
Do not attempt to service the clutches.
All clutch service must be performed by your dealer. The clutch is a
complex mechanism that rotates at high speeds. Each clutch is
dynamically balanced before installation. Any tampering may disrupt
this precision balancing and create an unstable condition.
Cold Weather Drive-Away
Whenever your snowmobile has been parked for a length of time,
especially overnight, always make sure the skis and track are loosened
from ice and snow before attempting to drive. Apply the throttle with
enough authority to put the machine into motion, but always operate
within safety limit. See Starting a Cold Engine on page 64.
Maneuverability
Control and maneuverability comes not only through the steering and
skis, maximum control is achieved by shifting of body weight.
Maneuverability will change for lighter operators or machines designed
to carry a load.
17
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Powder Snow Operation
Moveable hood closures are included on some Polaris snowmobiles.
They are normally left open and are located on the front upper and
lower hood openings. If operating in deep snow or in extreme cold
conditions (below -20_F), Polaris recommends closing the upper hood
closure.
WARNING
Do not drive for prolonged periods on blacktop, gravel, or ice.
Doing so could cause irreversible track damage and lead to
serious personal injury.
Since snow provides the only lubrication for the power slide
suspension and, on liquid cooled models, cooling for the engine,
adequate snow cover is a requirement for operation of your machine.
Driving in too little snow will result in excessive wear and damage to
the slide rail, track and/or engine.
If the machine becomes stuck in snow, clear the running board area of
snow, then step down the snow in front of the machine so that when
the throttle is opened, the snowmobile will be able to climb up and
over. You may then mount the machine and continue riding.
CAUTION
When operating on icy surfaces or hard-packed snow, avoid
overheating the slide rail and track. Lack of lubrication and
cooling will cause overheating of the slide rail and track, resulting
in premature wear and failure. If frequently operating in low
cooling conditions, see your dealer for an optional wheel kit that
will reduce the wear from overheating.
18
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Driving Responsibly
Every snowmobile handles differently, and even the most docile
conditions may become dangerous if operators drive improperly. If
you’re new to snowmobiling, acquaint yourself with the machine and
with what it will and won’t do under various conditions. Even
seasoned drivers should spend some time getting the feel for a machine
before attempting ambitious maneuvers.
S A snowmobile depends on the rider’s body position for proper balance in executing turns, traversing hills, etc. Always start on a
smooth, level area to begin building your operating experience.
S Before allowing someone else use your snowmobile, know the extent of their operating skills. Check to see if they’ve taken a snowmobile safety course and have an operator’s certificate. For their
protection, as well as yours, make sure they take a snowmobile safety course. Everyone can benefit from the course.
S Don’t “jump” your snowmobile. Jumping may injure your back because of spinal compression. The seat and suspension of your snowmobile have been designed to provide protection under normal
riding conditions. Your snowmobile is not intended for this kind of
use.
S Be courteous to oncoming traffic by dimming your headlights and
reducing your speed. Your snowmobile is equipped with a high output headlamp system that may cause discomfort to operators of oncoming vehicles when on high beam.
S When traveling in a group of snowmobiles, don’t tailgate (follow too
closely). Allow ample stopping distances, and keep track of those
following you. Drive defensively to avoid accidents.
S Remove the key from the ignition.
19
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Windchill/Temperature Charts
The following information is provided to help you determine when
temperatures become dangerous for riding.
WIND CHILL CHART (°F)
Estimated Wind
Speed in MPH
Actual Thermometer Reading (°F)
50
40
30
20
Calm
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
Equivalent Temperature (°F)
10
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
5
48
37
27
16
6
-5
-15
-26
-36
-47
-57
-68
10
40
28
16
4
-9
-21
-33
-46
-58
-70
-83
-95
15
36
22
9
-5
-18
-36
-45
-58
-72
-85
-99
-112
20
32
18
4
-10
-25
-39
-53
-67
-82
-96
-110
-124
25
30
16
0
-15
-29
-44
-59
-74
-88
-104
-118
-133
30
28
13
-2
-18
-33
-48
-63
-79
-94
-109
-125
-140
35
27
11
-4
-20
-35
-49
-67
-82
-98
-113
-129
-145
40
26
10
-6
-21
-37
-53
-69
-85
-100
-116
-132
-148
Wind Speeds Greater Than 40 MPH
Have Little Added
Effect
Little Danger
(For Properly
Clothed Person)
Increasing
Danger
Great
Danger
Danger From Freezing of Exposed Flesh
WIND CHILL CHART (°C)
Estimated Wind Speed
in KPH
Actual Thermometer Reading (°C)
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
10
1
-4
-11
-16
-22
20
-4
-9
-17
-23
-29
30
-7
-13
-21
-28
40
-9
-16
-24
-32
50
-11
-18
-26
60
-12
-19
-27
70
-13
-20
-28
-25
-30
-35
-40
-25
-30
-35
-40
-27
-33
-38
-45
-50
-36
-42
-48
-54
-61
-35
-42
-48
-55
-63
-69
-39
-47
-53
-61
-69
-76
-34
-41
-49
-57
-64
-73
-80
-35
-43
-51
-59
-66
-75
-82
-36
-44
-52
-60
-68
-76
-84
Equivalent Temperature (°C)
0
Wind Speeds Greater
Than 70 KPH Have Little
Added Effect
20
Little Danger
(For Properly
Clothed Person)
Increasing
Danger
Great
Danger
Danger From Freezing of Exposed Flesh
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Warning decals have been placed on the snowmobile for your
protection. Read and follow the instructions of the decals and other
warnings on the snowmobile carefully. If any of the decals depicted in
this manual differ from the decals on your snowmobile, always read
and follow the instructions of the decals on the snowmobile.
If any decal becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer
to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety decals are provided by
Polaris at no charge. The part number is printed on the decal.
Clutch Cover Warning
This warning decal is found under the hood on the clutch cover:
Do not operate engine with hood open.
Do not attempt adjustment with engine running.
Do not operate engine with this guard open.
Never run engine with drive belt removed.
Never service clutches yourself - see your dealer.
Airbox Warning
This warning decal is found under the hood on applicable models:
Do not operate above 40 mph with hood-to-airbox
foam removed or engine failure will result.
Pressure Cap Warning
This warning decal is found under the hood on the pressure cap of
applicable liquid cooled models:
Do not open hot. Test or replace when changing
coolant. Press down and turn to release cap. 13 PSI
Seat Bucket Warning
The seat bucket warning is molded into
the seat bucket mounting flange. It’s
visible when the bucket is removed:
+
DO NOT OPERATE WITH
SEAT BUCKET REMOVED.
21
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Track Warning
+
The track warning decal is on the rear of
the tunnel:
Stay clear of track. Do not sit on seat
back. Entanglement with the track or a
fall from seat back may result in severe
injury or death.
Passenger Warning
Some snowmobiles are
designed for the operator
only, while others are
designed for the operator and
one passenger. A warning
decal on the console indicates
whether it’s designed for the
operator only (1-Up) or the
operator and a passenger
(2-Up).
+
Decal text found on 1-Up Models:
This vehicle is designed for operator only. “NO PASSENGER”
22
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Some Polaris snowmobiles are
equipped with reverse. These
models will have a reverse
warning decal on the lower dash.
Reverse Warning
Polaris snowmobiles equipped with
electronic reverse have this
electronic reverse decal:
+
Reverse operation, even at low speeds, may cause loss of control
resulting in serious injury or death. To avoid loss of control, always:
S
S
S
S
Look behind before and while backing.
Avoid sharp turns.
Shift to or from reverse only when stopped.
Apply throttle slowly.
For more information, see your Owner’s Manual.
If electric reverse:
S Machine stopped and engine at idle, push yellow button on LH
control to reverse. Flashing light on dash indicates reverse operation.
S Push button again to return to forward.
S Elevation setting (above 6000 feet): push and hold for longer than
5 seconds to set. Let go of button at desired setting-fast flash for
high elevation, slower flash for low. Setting will remain until
changed.
23
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Operation Warning
Operation warning decals are present on the console of all Polaris
snowmobiles, in both French and English.
Operation Warning Decal Text:
S To avoid serious injury or death, read and understand all warnings
and the Owner’s Manual before operation. If the manual is missing,
contact a Polaris dealer for a replacement.
S This vehicle is capable of high speeds. Buried objects or uneven terrain can cause loss of control. Reduce speed and use extreme caution when operating in unfamiliar terrain.
S Excessive speed, especially at night or with limited visibility, can result in insufficient time for you to react to terrain changes, to avoid
unexpected obstacles, or to stop safely.
S Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this vehicle.
S In an emergency, push down the Auxiliary Shut-Off Switch, located
on the top of the throttle control assembly, to stop the engine. Then
pull the brake lever to stop.
S Always wear an approved helmet, eye protection, and adequate
clothing while operating this vehicle.
S This vehicle is designed for adult use only. Check local laws for age
requirements.
S When operating with a passenger (on approved models only) reduce
speed and allow extra space for steering and stopping. A passenger
reduces your ability to control the vehicle.
S When operating on hard-packed snow, ice, or when crossing roads,
steering and braking ability are greatly reduced. Reduce speed and
allow extra space to turn or stop.
S To maintain vehicle control on ice or hard-packed surfaces, you
should have a proper balance of ski carbides to track studs. See
Owner’s Manual for proper use of traction products.
S Repeated stops from high speed may cause fading or sudden loss of
braking ability.
S Parking brake may relax when used for long periods. Do not leave
brake engaged for more than five minutes.
S Before starting the engine, check throttle, brake, and steering for
proper operation. Make sure hood is latched. Be seated and in position to control the vehicle.
Oil injection system: Use unmixed fuel only. Check oil level when refueling.
24
FEATURES
4
3
6
5
7
8
2
9
1
10
11
12
15
16
14
13
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Hood
Headlight
Windshield
Handlebar
Seat
Storage Compartment/Trunk
Taillights
Rear Bumper
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Snow Flap
Track
Suspension
Trailing Arm
Nosepan
Front Bumper
Skis
Adjustable Seat Bucket
(select models)
25
FEATURES
Some Polaris snowmobiles are equipped with special features such as a
reverse indicator light, electronic fuel gauge, temperature light and
electric shock control gauge. Not all models come with these features.
Refer to your Owner’s Manual Supplement for the features on your
machine.
4
5
6
3
7
8
2
1
1. Fuel Filler Cap (with
gauge on some models)
2. Ignition Switch
3. Brake Lever
4. Speedometer
5. Tachometer
6. Engine Stop Switch
7. Throttle Control
8. Hood Hold Down Straps
9. Recoil Starter Handle
10. Choke
11. Headlight Dimmer Switch
12. Park Brake
13. Handlebar Grip Warmer
Switch
14. Thumbwarmer Switch
15. Electronic Reverse Button
16. Electronic Shock Control
Button
26
9
10
12
13
14
11
16
15
FEATURES
Detonation Elimination Technology (D.E.T.)
Some Polaris snowmobiles are equipped with a
detonation sensor that monitors the engine and
responds to detonation by automatically reducing
the engine timing. When activated, the
“DETONATION FLASH” indicator (A) will flash
in the lower right-hand area of the
tachometer. The activated sensor reduces
engine detonation by retarding the
ignition timing. This results in decreased
engine RPM and performance.
A
D.E.T. Troubleshooting
Use this chart to determine causes and solutions for detonation. If
none of these conditions exists and the sensor remains activated, see
your Polaris dealer.
Possible Cause
Solution
Poor quality fuel
Replace with higher quality fuel
Improper jetting
Verify and adjust per jetting chart
Improper engine modifications
Do not modify the engine
D.E.T. Flash Signals
Use this chart to determine the meaning and course of action for each
D.E.T. flash signal.
Type of Flash
Cause
Action
3 flashes of 1 second
each
Detonation
See DET Troubleshooting Chart
Solid 3-second flash, off
1 second, repeats until
engine is shut down
Faulty sensor
See your Polaris dealer
Solid non-blinking light
High water tem- See your Polaris dealer. NOTE: If tempoperature
rary operation is unavoidable, drive slowly
and stop the engine frequently to allow the
engine to cool.
27
FEATURES
Adjustable Seat Bucket
1
2
On models equipped with an
adjustable seat bucket (1), the
bucket can be adjusted forward
or rearward for rider comfort.
The seat bucket is removeable
for access to the under-seat
storage compartment.
Do not sit on the seat bucket.
Do not operate the snowmobile with the seat bucket removed.
WARNING
Operating or riding the snowmobile with the seat bucket removed
or while sitting on the seat bucket may cause loss of control or
ejection from the snowmobile, which could result in serious injury
or death. Never sit on the seat bucket, and always make sure
the seat bucket is securely installed before operating the
snowmobile.
Seat Bucket Adjustment
To adjust the seat bucket, press down on the release latch (2) and slide
the bucket forward or rearward to the desired position. Make sure the
bucket locks firmly in position before operating the snowmobile.
28
Trunk Lock
FEATURES
Models equipped with the adjustable seat bucket are also equipped
with a trunk lock, which is located between the taillights (1). Use the
trunk lock keys to lock or unlock the under-seat storage compartment.
If keys are lost or misplaced, see your Polaris dealer.
When the trunk is locked, the lock
cannot be pressed in and the seat
2
bucket cannot be removed.
NOTE:
If the trunk is locked
after the bucket has
been removed, the
bucket can still be
reinstalled. The lock
will remain engaged
until it’s unlocked with
the key. When reinstalled,
the bucket will be locked in place.
1
Trunk Access
The seat bucket must be removed to access the trunk.
1. Unlock the trunk using the trunk lock key.
2. Press the lock inward and hold while rotating the adjustable seat
bucket 1/4 turn.
3. Release the lock and lift the seat bucket to remove it from the seat.
4. To reinstall, place the bucket sideways onto the bucket mounting
flange (2). Rotate the bucket 1/4 turn to its original position.
Make sure it latches securely.
WARNING
Operating the snowmobile with the seat bucket removed may
cause loss of control or ejection from the snowmobile, which
could result in serious injury or death. Always make sure the seat
bucket is securely installed before operating the snowmobile.
CAUTION
Movement of heavy, loose tools or other objects in the storage
compartment may result in damage to the taillights. Always
secure any loose objects to prevent bouncing and shifting within
the compartment.
29
THE PERFECT FIT
Front Suspension Adjustments
Break in the suspension for approximately 150 miles (240 km) and
re-grease all suspension parts before making any fine-tuning
adjustments.
Settings will vary from rider to rider, depending on rider weight,
vehicle speed, riding style, and trail conditions. We recommend
starting with factory settings and then customizing each adjustment
individually to suit rider preference. The machine should be
methodically tested, one change at a time, under the same conditions
(trail and snow conditions, vehicle speed, riding position, etc.) after
each adjustment until the best ride is achieved.
Independent Front Suspension (IFS)
The IFS is made up of the skis (1),
front shocks and springs (2), and the
components that connect these parts
to both the steering, such as the tie
rods (3), and to the machine itself,
such as the trailing arms (4).
Front suspension adjustments
1
include shocks, springs, toe,
and camber.
NOTE:
Although the front
suspension on your
machine may not
look exactly like the
illustration, it will have
the same parts and
functions as those
illustrated.
4
2
3
IFS Adjustment Options
S Shock damping (if equipped with Indy Select or RydeFX SOLO
shocks)
S Front shock spring preload
S Optional springs
S Optional shock valving (if equipped with RydeFX shocks)
S Toe (ski alignment) (see page 124)
S Camber (see your dealer)
30
THE PERFECT FIT
Front Suspension Adjustments
WARNING
Always verify ski alignment before making adjustments to the
IFS. See page 124 to check alignment. If the skis are misaligned,
see your dealer, as the camber adjustment may also be affected.
For the best ride, the suspension should be adjusted to use the full
travel of the shocks with occasional light bottoming. To determine if
your machine is using full travel, push the jounce bumper down on the
shock rod until it contacts the body and test ride the machine. The
bumper will move up on the rod in relation to the amount of travel that
was used during the ride. If the travel is full, the bumper will be seated
at the top of the rod.
Shock Absorber Components
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Retainer
Shock Rod
Jounce Bumper
Body
Threaded Spring Preload Adjuster Nut
1
2
3
4
5
31
THE PERFECT FIT
Front Suspension Adjustments
Shock Damping
Adjustments to the compression
stiffness of Indy Select or
RydeFX SOLO shocks can be
made by turning the adjustment
screw (Select) or actuator
(SOLO), located near the base of
the shock (A). This adjustment is
the easiest to perform and it
should be considered first. A
A
clockwise adjustment will
increase stiffness in both styles of
shock, but there are some
differences.
Indy Select Shock
The factory setting for this shock is the softest position, with the
adjusting screw all the way out (counterclockwise). If bottoming
occurs, the Indy Select feature should be used to achieve the desired
ride. The shocks have a wide range of adjustment capability. By
turning the screw clockwise, the compression of the shock increases,
stiffening the ride. When adjusting these shocks, we recommend that
you turn the screw only 1/4 turn at a time, then test ride. Always
adjust both shocks equally.
RydeFX SOLO Shock
The factory setting for this shock is at
medium stiffness, with the clicker
knob (B) set at position 4. The
clicker can be actuated with the
thumb and forefinger. If bottoming
occurs, rotate the clicker clockwise to
the next higher number. If full shock
travel isn’t being used, rotate the
B
clicker counterclockwise to the next
lower number. When adjusting these
shocks, we recommend that you turn
the clicker only one click at a time,
then test ride. Always adjust both
shocks equally.
32
THE PERFECT FIT
Front Suspension Adjustments
Adjusting Front Shock Spring Preload
Increasing spring preload will increase
ski-to-ground pressure. Decreasing spring
preload will decrease ski-to-ground
pressure. When adjusting, be sure the
springs on both the left and right sides of
the machine are at the same adjustment.
To increase front shock spring preload,
grasp the spring and turn it to the right.
Turn it to the left to decrease preload.
Illustration B indicates high preload and
B
C
illustration C indicates low preload.
Increasing the spring preload too much may adversely affect the
handling of the snowmobile and the performance of the suspension.
Never exceed one inch of preload beyond the factory settings, and
ensure that both sides are adjusted the same. When decreasing preload,
make sure at least two turns of preload are holding the spring between
the retainer on top of the shock and the threaded spring preload
adjuster nut on the shock body.
NOTE:
Not all models have shocks with thread adjustable spring
preload. See your dealer for more information.
CAUTION
Always leave one thread showing above the adjuster nut. On
models equipped with a plastic adjuster nut, if the nut is
unscrewed from the threaded body, the nut will break.
33
THE PERFECT FIT
Front Suspension Adjustments
Shock Valving
RydeFX or RydeFX SOLO shocks can be revalved if spring preload
alone isn’t sufficient and further adjustment is desired to control
suspension stiffness.
WARNING
Changing shock valving on RydeFX and RydeFX SOLO shocks
requires special tools and a sound knowledge of mechanical
theory, tool use, and shop procedures to perform the work safely
and correctly. Shocks contain high-pressure nitrogen gas. Use
extreme caution when handling high-pressure service equipment.
We recommend that this work be performed by a Polaris dealer.
Front Springs
For models without externally adjustable or revalvable shocks, the
front springs can be changed if spring preload alone isn’t sufficient and
further adjustment is desired to control suspension stiffness. See your
Polaris dealer for more information.
34
THE PERFECT FIT
Rear Suspension Adjustments
Rider weight, riding style, trail conditions, and vehicle speed all affect
suspension action.
Each rear suspension can be adjusted to suit rider preference and
deliver excellent performance for a given set of conditions. However,
all suspension designs and adjustments involve a compromise, or
trade-off. For example, a suspension set up for snow-cross racing
would provide a very stiff ride on the trail. A suspension set up for
trail riding would bottom out harshly on a snow-cross course.
A decal outlining rear suspension set-up options is located either under
the hood or on the clutch cover. It provides a guideline for initial
suspension set-up. Additional adjustments can be made from this
point. Make adjustments to one area at a time so you can evaluate the
change. For further assistance, see your dealer.
Suspension Performance Tips
S Rider weight usually determines the position at which the spring preload should be set. However, this may vary with riding style. With
a little experimentation, each rider can find a preferred set-up. These
adjustments are easy to make, involve very little time or effort, and
greatly affect the ride.
S In deep snow, a new Hi-fax will offer improved performance over
worn Hi-fax. It can also improve top speed.
S When riding on ice or hard-packed snow, adding a set of bogie
wheels to the rail may enhance the machine’s performance. Bogie
wheel kits are available from your dealer.
S Polaris offers track kits for improved flotation in deep snow. See
your dealer for assistance.
NOTE:
Keep the suspension pivot points lubricated. This will reduce
moisture and rust build-up and ensure proper function of the
suspension components. Grease rear suspension pivots
before adjusting the rear suspension. Refer to Suspension
Maintenance beginning on page 126.
35
THE PERFECT FIT
Edge Rear Suspension Adjustments
Initial Spring Preload Setting (Sag Method)
To set up the EDGE rear suspension
torsion spring preload, measure the
distance between the ground and rear
bumper. This is measurement X.
Take the first measurement with no
rider and with the rear suspension at
full extension.
NOTE:
X
The rear bumper may need
to be lifted upward slightly
to fully extend the rear
suspension.
Next, have the rider drop down hard
on the seat and bounce up and down
several times, collapsing the rear
suspension. With the rider seated,
Y
measure the distance between the
ground and the rear bumper at the
exact location used for measurement
X. This is measurement Y.
To determine sag, commonly referred
to as ride-in, subtract measurement Y
from X (Sag=X-Y). Adjust sag by
rotating the torsion spring preload cams located on the rear torque arm.
Use the illustration or the decal found under the hood for reference.
The ideal amount of Sag for the EDGE rear suspension is four inches
(X-Y=4).
If the rear suspension rides in less than three inches or more than five
inches with the torsion spring preload cams at their maximum range of
adjustment, optional torsion springs (softer or stiffer, respectively) may
be required. This is only an initial set-up, and final spring preload may
vary based on rider preference and riding conditions.
36
THE PERFECT FIT
Edge Rear Suspension Adjustments
Torsion Spring Tension
To adjust rear torsion spring tension, rotate the three-position cam
using the engine spark plug tool. Different rate torsion springs are
available if a firmer ride is desired. Contact your dealer for more
information.
1 - Soft Tension - long end of cam to front
2 - Medium tension - short end of cam up
3 - Firm tension - long end of cam up
3
1
2
37
THE PERFECT FIT
Edge Rear Suspension Adjustments
Rear Shocks
Indy Select Rear Shock
Some snowmobiles are equipped with the Indy Select rear shock,
which allows for adjustments to the compression valving by turning
the adjustment screw located near the base of the shock.
Locate the adjustment screw (A) near the base of the shock. In
half-turn increments, turn the screw clockwise to increase compression
valving and stiffen the ride, or counterclockwise to reduce compression
and soften the ride. There are approximately three full turns of
adjustment available.
If bottoming continues after the screw has been turned fully clockwise,
the torsion spring should be adjusted (see page 37). Return the screw
to its original starting position after the torsion spring has been
tightened.
A
38
THE PERFECT FIT
Edge Rear Suspension Adjustments
Rear Shocks
Polaris Position Sensitive Shock
There are no external adjustments on the Polaris position sensitive
(PPS) shock. There is a performance PPS shock kit available for
increasing damping, however. If you desire to have the internal
valving changed, consult your dealer, or refer to the suspension
troubleshooting decal located under the hood or on the clutch guard.
FOX Position Sensitive Clicker Shock
The FOX position sensitive
clicker shock is available as an
option on some models.
Adjustments to the compression
damping are made by turning the
clicker knob (A) on the shock
reservoir.
Eight positions are labeled on the
A
knob. Position #1 is the softest, or
least compression damping.
Position #8 is the stiffest, or most compression damping. When
adjusting, we recommend that you turn the clicker only one click at a
time, then test ride.
39
THE PERFECT FIT
Edge Rear Suspension Adjustments
Suspension Coupling
On all Polaris snowmobile rear suspensions, there are two torque arms
that control the movement of the rail beam. Prior to the advent of
suspension coupling, these torque arms could move independently of
each other. Rear suspension coupling links the movement of the front
and rear torque arms to each other. There are two types of rear
suspension coupling.
Front To Rear Coupling and the Front Rear
Scissor Stop (FRSS)
The front rear scissor stop (FRSS) couples the movement of the front
torque arm with the rear torque arm and limits the amount of
independence between the movement of the front torque arm and the
rear torque arm.
When hitting a bump, the front torque arm starts to compress. The
FRSS links that movement to the rear torque arm, causing it to
compress and raise the rear suspension up as one, allowing the
suspension to hit the bump only once and eliminating kickback. Your
FRSS is preset at the factory.
40
THE PERFECT FIT
Edge Rear Suspension Adjustments
Rear To Front Coupling and the Rear Rear
Scissor Stop (RRSS)
The rear rear scissor stop (RRSS) couples the movement of the rear
torque arm with the front torque arm and limits the amount of
independent movement between the rear torque and the front torque
arm.
Adjusting the RRSS either allows more weight to transfer to the rear
for more traction, or allows less weight to transfer to the rear, resulting
in improved cornering performance. An adjustment dot is located on
the RRSS. This dot is on the longest end of the scissor stop.
Rear Rear Scissor Stop (RRSS) - Attributes
Moving the RRSS to a higher position, or forward hole, will have the
following effects on the suspension:
S Reduced weight transfer.
S Improved chatter bump ride.
S Improved cornering performance.
41
THE PERFECT FIT
Edge Rear Suspension Adjustments
Weight Transfer During Acceleration
The preferred method for controlling
1
weight transfer during acceleration of the
EDGE rear suspension is by adjusting the
rear rear scissor stop (RRSS). The RRSS
is located in the best overall trail riding
position when delivered from the factory.
To decrease weight transfer under
acceleration (for improved cornering),
rotate the RRSS to a higher position with
the scissor stop tool (1) located in your tool kit.
To increase weight transfer or ski lift during acceleration, move the
RRSS to the rearward hole on high position. The RRSS may also be
rotated to a lower position for even more weight transfer if desired.
A - Stock Position - This setting is
most desirable for trail riding.
A
B - Medium or High Position (standard
hole location) - This setting will
decrease weight transfer.
C - Rearward Upper Position (optional
B
hole location - This setting will
increase weight transfer.
NOTE:
42
Your dealer can help you with
initial set-up and additional
set-up instructions to help
you achieve your optimum
ride.
C
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments
The M-10 suspension has been designed to be very sensitive to rider
weight. Changes in rider weight of 25 lbs. or more might require
appropriate changes in settings. The following information has been
compiled to assist you in tuning your M-10 suspension to its maximum
potential and achieve the best possible ride. Please take the time to
read and understand all the possible adjustments available with the
M-10 suspension.
Static Sag and Ride Height Settings
Static sag describes the difference in height of the rear bumper from the
suspension’s fully extended position to its loaded height, with the rider
seated on the snowmobile.
A good initial starting point is four inches of sag, measured at the rear
bumper. Too much sag will result in bottoming, and too little sag will
result in reduced rider comfort.
Sag travel is used to control ride quality and rebound travel. On the
M-10 suspension, sag is controlled by two settings, the full range
adjuster (FRA) position and the rear spring preload.
5. To check sag, raise the rear bumper until the suspension is fully
extended (the rear shock will not extend any further). Measure the
distance from the ground to the bottom of the bumper (dimension
X) as shown in the illustration. Record the measurement.
6. Have the rider sit on the snowmobile and bounce up and down on
the seat a few times to set in the suspension. While the rider
remains seated, measure the distance from the ground to the top of
the bumper (dimension Y) and record it.
7. Subtract Y from X and you will have the SAG setting (X - Y = sag
setting. Example: 21 - 17 = 4). The correct amount of SAG for
the M-10 rear suspension is 3-5 inches.
If the measured sag is incorrect, adjust the FRA position and rear
spring preload.
X Y
Unloaded
Loaded
43
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments
Static Sag and Ride Height Settings
FRA Position
The FRA setting is the primary rear suspension adjustment. It will have
the MOST effect on the rear suspension performance. To adjust the
FRA:
1. Refer to the initial set-up reference chart (located under the hood of
your snowmobile and on page 49) to determine the desired FRA
position.
2. To adjust, loosen the hex bolts (A) attaching the rear lower shock
cross shaft to the rail beam.
3. Using a 9/16” wrench, loosen the jam nuts (B) on the preload
bolts.
4. Adjust the preload bolts (C) to the desired FRA position.
5. Tighten the jam nuts.
NOTE:
Make sure the preload bolt contacts the slide block before
tightening the jam nut.
6. Tighten the hex bolts and torque to 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm).
NOTE:
If the M-10 suspension is new, it will take from 25 to 200
miles to properly break in the springs and shocks, at which
time the suspension will be softer and may require FRA
readjustment.
B
C
A
44
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments
Static Sag and Ride Height Settings
Rear Spring Preload
The top section of the crossover tube (the tube at the top of the rear
shock) has a threaded collar on it. The rear spring has a lock tab that
fits into the collar to allow easy spring preload adjustment. Refer to
the initial set-up chart on page 49.
1. To increase preload, use
the tool kit spanner wrench
to rotate the crossover
toward the left side of the
snowmobile (clockwise
when viewed from below).
Rotate toward the right
side to decrease preload
(counter-clockwise when
viewed from below). Be
C
sure the aluminum locknut
B
and adjuster collar are
locked against each other
before starting the
adjustment.
2. While adjusting, keep in
mind that spring preload is a
fine tuning adjustment. Coarse
adjustments should be made using the FRA.
NOTE:
Preload is set “softest” when the preload (dimension B in
illustration and set-up chart) is equal to zero. Adjusting spring
preload beyond this could cause damage to the threads.
45
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments
More M-10 Suspension Ride and Performance Settings
Overload Spring
The overload spring is located inside the main rear spring. Contact is
made with this spring only when the crossover tube comes in contact
with it toward the end of the travel, which reduces bottoming of the
rear suspension. The correct setting of the crossover tube length
enables the M-10 suspension to deliver superior performance in
“bottoming” situations. This adjustment has no effect on spring
pre-load or general ride characteristics of the M-10 rear suspension, it
affects only bottoming resistance. To adjust the crossover tube length
(dimension C in illustration and set-up chart):
1. Use the spanner wrenches located in the tool kit to unlock the
upper lock nut from the adjuster collar.
2. Turn the adjuster collar to the appropriate or desired dimension for
the rider’s weight (refer to the initial set-up reference chart located
under the hood of your snowmobile and on page 49). Using the
spanner wrenches, tighten the upper lock nut firmly against the
adjuster collar.
Optional Springs
Optional springs have been designed to allow adaptation of the M-10
suspension to your specific needs. The 140 lbs./in. optional front arm
spring would be used when very light load conditions exist, such as
operation on very smooth trails, in deep powder or by very light riders.
The 300 lbs./in. rear arm spring option would be used when high load
conditions exist, such as operation by heavy riders on rough trails or
very aggressive riding. The available springs for M-10 suspension are
listed below.
Location
Front Arm Standard
Front Arm Soft
Front Arm Firm
Rear Arm Standard
Rear Arm Soft
Rear Arm Firm
Overload
46
Spring Rate
160 lbs./in.
140 lbs./in.
180 lbs./in.
210/278 lbs./in.
135/240 lbs./in.
300 lbs./in.
1000 lbs./in.
Polaris PN
7041671-216
7041677-067
7041672-067
7041935-216
7042010-216
7042011-067
7041936-067
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments
Other Ride and Performance Settings
Ski Pressure
Your M-10 rear suspension ski pressure is set at the factory to deliver
the optimum balance between ride and handling. If a rider prefers more
ski pressure for improved steering performance, adjustments can be
made to the front limiter strap and front arm mount.
4
1. To set the limiter,
determine if the rider
3
prefers comfort or
control. Lean toward the
2
#4 setting for comfort
1
and toward the #3
setting for aggressive
riding.
2
2. For full hole
3
adjustments, remove the
4
5/16” nut and flat
washers from the lower
attachments of the limiter straps and relocate the straps to the
desired position (i.e. move from position 4 to 3). Replace the nut
and washer tighten securely.
3. For half-hole increments (such as 3/4), the limiter straps have slots
at the upper pinch bolt. These slots allow the bolts to be loosened
(rather than removed) for half-step adjustments. It is now easy to
change to half-step hole positions (re-tighten the pinch bolts if
loosened).
4. There are also two front
B
arm mounting holes in the
A
slide rail that can adjust
ski pressure. The lower
hole (A) increases ski
pressure while the upper
hole (B) decreases ski
pressure.
NOTE:
By design, the BIASED COUPLE design of the M-10
suspension displaces the rear arm as the front arm is
compressed. This means that when you raise the front
limiter strap, at some point you will collapse the rear
suspension arm, which will affect SAG height and reduce
rear suspension travel.
47
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments
Other Ride and Performance Settings
Track Tension
Track adjustment is critical
for proper handling. Always
maintain correct tension and
alignment. Tension
adjustments should be made
only after the track is
warmed up and limber.
1. Turn the machine off.
2. Lift the rear of the
Hi-fax
machine and safely
support it off the ground.
3. Place a 10 lb. weight on
the track approximately
16” ahead of the rear axle
D
C
A
B
to slightly preload the
Track
track.
4. Check for 7/8” - 1-1/8”
gap between the wear surface of the metal track clip and the plastic
hi-fax (C) . Measure at a point 16” ahead of the rear axle.
If the track needs adjustment:
5. Loosen the rear idler shaft bolts (D) and locknuts (A).
6. Tighten or loosen the track adjusting screws (B) as necessary to
provide equal adjustment on both sides of the track.
7. Tighten the locknuts (A). Then tighten the idler shaft bolts (D) to
35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm).
NOTE:
48
Always inspect track alignment after track tension
adjustment. Track alignment affects track tension.
Misalignment will cause excessive wear to the track and slide
rail. Excessive Hi-Fax wear will appear on units with track
tension set too tight. Refer to the Master Repair Manual for
track alignment procedure.
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments
Initial M-10 Suspension Set-up Chart
NOTE:
These positions are only preliminary. Experimentation should
follow initial set-up to obtain optimum results. Refer to the
suspension troubleshooting decal for additional set-up tips.
INITIAL SET-UP REFERENCE CHART
This chart is a guideline to be used for initial suspension set-ups.
Your set-up may vary based on your desired riding style.
FRA Position
Rider
Weight with
full riding
gear
SOFT
Dimension
B
Dimension
C
Rear
Spring
Preload
Crossover
Tube
Length
FIRM
Limiter/Ski
Pressure
Settings
Settings
In / mm
In / mm
Light / Firm
100 lbs.
1
1 1/4
0
0
5 5/8
143 4/4
3/3
125 lbs.
1
1 1/2
0
0
5 13/16 148 4/4
3/3
150 lbs.
1
1 1/2
5/16
8
5 13/16 148 4/4
3/3
175 lbs.
1 1/2
2
5/16
8
5 13/16 148 4/4
3/3
200 lbs.
2
2 1/2
5/16
8
5 3/4
146 4/4
3/3
225 lbs.
2 1/2
3
5/16
8
5 5/8
143 4/4
3/3
250 lbs.
3
3 1/2
5/16
8
5 9/16
141 4/4
3/3
275 lbs.
3
3 1/2
1/2
13
5 7/16
138 4/4
3/3
300 lbs.
3
3 1/2
1/2
13
5 3/16
132 4/4
3/3
325 lbs.*
3
3 1/2
5/8
16
5 3/16
132 4/4
3/3
350 lbs.*
3 1/2
4
5/8
16
5 3/16
132 4/4
3/3
375 lbs.*
4
5
7/8
22
5 3/16
132 4/4
3/3
*Might prefer optional spring (rear track) Refer to the list on page 46.
49
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 ACE Suspension Adjustments
The FAST M-10 ACE (Adjustable Control Electronics) is a new
feature available for some FAST M-10 rear suspensions. It enables a
rider to easily adjust the suspension for weight and riding style.
The M-10 ACE is an electronically controlled module that replaces the
standard M-10 FRA. The ACE changes the rear shock motion ratio by
moving the lower shock pivot point a total of 1 1/4 inches, the same
amount of adjustment as the standard FRA. A gauge on the console
displays the current position of the shock, from soft to firm or
somewhere in between.
M-10 ACE Settings
A switch labeled “ESC” on the left-hand control assembly is used to
adjust the position of the ACE module. The following instructions
describe all the features programmed into the ACE module.
1. By pressing the left hand control switch up (firm) or down (soft)
one time, the lower pivot moves .14 inch, giving the operator a
total of nine distinct positions. The console gauge will show the
current ACE position.
2. If the soft or firm switch is pressed more than one time in
succession, it will adjust as many increments as the switch is
pressed. The electronics will “do the math” for the user to
minimize travel time. For example, if the rider pushes “firm”
twice, and then “soft” three times, the unit will move to one
position softer than the current position.
3. If the soft or firm switch is held for five seconds or more, the ACE
will adjust to the far end of the travel, corresponding to which
button was pressed.
4. A fail-safe mode has been programmed into the controller to
protect the electronics and to notify the operator of a system
malfunction. If the module cannot adjust the suspension after one
of the switches has been pressed (most likely due to an obstruction
or heavy ice buildup), the controller will enter a failure mode,
which is indicated by the gauge needle moving rapidly between
soft and firm. This mode will continue indefinitely and is reset
when the engine is turned off and restarted. If this mode is
encountered, we recommend that the operator turn off the engine
and inspect the unit for any obstruction or ice buildup on the shock
or module.
50
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 ACE Suspension Adjustments
M-10 ACE Settings
IMPORTANT NOTES:
The time to move one position can take up to 12 seconds depending on
the rear shock loads.
Due to alternator limitations, the ACE module will operate only at
engine speeds above 3500 RPM.
Similar to the FRA on the standard M-10, the ACE module will have
the MOST effect on rear suspension performance.
Other M-10 ACE Ride and Performance Settings
Rear Spring Preload
Further fine tuning can be accomplished by adjusting the
preload/crossover collar on the rear spring. This single adjustment
changes BOTH the spring preload and crossover transition point.
Increasing this setting will fine tune the overall ride stiffness AND
increase bottoming resistance so a small change to this setting has a
large effect on ride quality. To adjust the rear spring:
1. Slide the fabric cover toward the top of the rear spring to reveal the
middle spring collars.
2. Using the tool kit spanner wrenches, turn the preload collars to
achieve the desired setting as illustrated.
3. Ensure the fabric cover is replaced correctly and is not interfering
with shock and spring movement.
NOTE:
Refer to the initial set-up chart (on page 52 and under the
hood) for preliminary settings.
Ski Pressure
See the Ski Pressure section for the standard M-10 suspension on page
47.
Track Tension
See the Track Tension section for the standard M-10 suspension on
page 48.
51
THE PERFECT FIT
FAST M-10 ACE Suspension Adjustments
Initial M-10 ACE Set-up Chart
These positions are only
preliminary. Experimentation
should follow initial set-up to
obtain optimum results. Refer
to the suspension
troubleshooting decal for
additional set-up tips.
NOTE:
A
INITIAL SET-UP REFERENCE CHART
This chart is a guideline to be used
for initial suspension set-up.
Your set-up may vary based on your
desired riding style.
Rider Weight
with
t full
u
riding gear
Dimension A
Preload
e oad and
a d
Crossover
Limiter/Ski
Pressure
essu e
Settings
In.
mm
Light
Firm
100 lbs.
0
0
4/4
3/3
125 lbs.
0
0
4/4
3/3
150 lbs.
0.10
3
4/4
3/3
175 lbs.
0.20
5
4/4
3/3
200 lbs.
0.25
6
4/4
3/3
225 lbs.
0.25
6
4/4
3/3
250 lbs.
0.30
8
4/4
3/3
275 lbs.
0.35
9
4/4
3/3
300 lbs.
0.40
10
4/4
3/3
325 lbs.*
0.45
11
4/4
3/3
350 lbs.*
0.50
13
4/4
3/3
375 lbs.*
0.50
13
4/4
3/3
52
Handlebar Adjustment
THE PERFECT FIT
Standard Handlebars
Follow these steps to adjust the handlebars for a personal fit.
1. Remove the handlebar cover to
A
expose the handlebar and the four
adjuster block bolts (A).
2. Using a 7/16″ (11 mm) wrench,
loosen the four nuts on the bottom of
the adjuster block (turn handlebar to
left or right for access to back nuts).
NOTE:
It may be necessary to pry the
adjuster blocks apart with a screw driver.
3. Adjust the handlebar to the desired height. Be sure handlebars, brake
lever and throttle lever operate smoothly and do not hit the gas tank,
windshield or any other part of the machine when turned fully to the
left or right.
4. Torque the handlebar adjuster block bolts to 11-13 ft. lbs. (15-17.6
Nm).
5. Replace the handlebar cover.
53
THE PERFECT FIT
Accessories
Polaris offers a wide range of accessories for your snowmobile. From
map light to electric start, Polaris has the accessories that will help
make each ride more enjoyable. See your dealer for a list of
accessories.
NOTE:
The accessory tether switch is available for all models.
Order PN 2870668.
Use only Polaris parts and accessories on your Polaris snowmobile.
Use of unapproved parts and accessories may result in:
S Non-compliance with government/industry requirements
S Voiding of warranty
S Personal injury to self or others
This applies to, but is not limited to the following areas: brakes,
clutches, fuel systems, and exhaust systems.
NOTE:
54
Exhaust systems are critical safety areas that must use
approved Polaris parts. Please see your Polaris dealer for
service.
Accessories
THE PERFECT FIT
Traction Products
Another way to tailor your machine is to install traction products. See
your dealer about installing studs and/or carbides. Many tracks with
deep lug designs cannot be studded, but your dealer will be able to
offer advice and assistance.
NOTE:
Before equipping your machine with traction products, be
aware of the laws in your area pertaining to the use of
traction products.
Track studding will enhance braking control on hard-packed snow or
ice, but extreme caution is still required on such surfaces. Steering
ability may be reduced on hard-packed snow or ice.
A skag is a replaceable bar attached to the underside of the ski to assist
in turning the snowmobile and to prevent ski wear caused by contact
with roads and other bare terrain. The addition of carbide skags is
recommended with studded tracks to help maintain proper vehicle
steering and control. Similarly, if your machine is equipped with
carbide skags or you’re adding them, it may be necessary to add track
studs to maintain proper vehicle control. Proper balance must be
maintained between the number of studs and the length of carbide on
skags. The more studs used, the longer the carbide on the skags should
be. See your dealer’s track studding chart for recommended studding
and skags.
n Inspect skags and studs frequently.
Worn studs or skags may
reduce steering and braking control on hard-packed snow and ice.
Replace worn studs and skags to maintain proper balance and vehicle
control.
When studded tracks are used, increased wear to the brake pads will
result from increased braking. Extended-wear brake pad kits are
available. See your dealer for more information.
55
THE PERFECT FIT
Accessories
Traction Products
CAUTION
Aggressive studding patterns may require grinding protruding
stud bolts flush to prevent idler wheel damage. Maintain track
tension on studded tracks on the tight side of the spec to prevent
heat exchanger damage. Center of stud must be at least 1 1/8″
(2.86 cm) from outside edge of the track.
CAUTION
If traction products are added to the track, wear strips must be
installed in the tunnel to avoid excessive wear.
Never add shims to the wear strip. Track damage will result
because of lack of clearance between upper carrier wheels and
track.
Use of studs longer than the recommended length on machines
equipped with center coolers will result in center cooler damage
or damage to the tunnel.
Use only Polaris traction products on your snowmobile. Track
warranties are void if track damage or failure results from improper or
excessive stud installation or the use of non-Polaris traction products.
WARNING
Loss of control can result in serious personal injury or death.
Proper balance of traction products on the skis and track must be
maintained to obtain proper vehicle control on hard-packed snow
or ice. See your dealer for assistance.
56
THE PERFECT FIT
Accessories
Wear Strips
To avoid excessive tunnel wear, tunnel wear strips must be installed
whenever track studding is used. Several wear strips are available.
See your dealer for more information.
Some models are manufactured with tunnel wear strips or wear strip
coolers installed. Wear strips are designed for a specific stud length.
See your dealer’s studding chart for recommended traction accessories.
Components as viewed from the rear of the track:
1. Top of tunnel
2. Wear strip
3. Track
4. Wearstrip mounting holes
1
2
4
3
CAUTION
Whenever wear strips are relocated, be sure there’s adequate
stud clearance to the heat exchangers. Lack of clearance may
result in damage to heat exchangers.
57
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Pre-Ride Checklist
Inspect all items on the checklist for proper operation or condition
before each use of the snowmobile. Procedures are outlined on the
referenced pages. Look for a checkmark (n) on the referenced pages
to locate the pre-ride inspection items.
Item
Drive Belt Condition
See Page
113, 115
Steering System
62
Recoil Rope
62
Coolant Level
Park Brake Lock/Brake Lever/Brake System
101
60, 61, 105
Auxiliary Shut-Off Switch (Engine Stop Switch)
63
Ignition Switch
63
Taillight/Brakelight/Headlight
63
Suspension Mounting Bolts
127
Skags (Wear Bars)
Ski Saddle and Spindle Bolts
55, 125
127
Hood Straps/Latches
62
Seat Latches (if equipped)
N/A
Throttle Lever/Safety Switch
59, 74, 75
Rear Wheel Idler Bolts
121, 127
Tether Switch/Strap
Track Alignment/Condition
63
62, 122
Hi-Fax Condition
126
Chaincase Oil Level
92
Injection Oil Level
72
58
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
WARNING
Worn, damaged, or malfunctioning components may cause
serious injury or death. Before starting the engine, check all
components to be sure of proper operation.
Read and Understand Your Owner’s Manual
Read the Owner’s Manual completely and refer to it often. We’ve
attempted to provide as much information as possible to alert you to
the safety requirements of snowmobiling.
n Check Throttle and Brake for Proper Operation
The throttle and brake are the primary controls of your snowmobile. If
either should malfunction, loss of control could result.
Make sure the throttle lever compresses evenly and smoothly. The
lever should immediately return to the idle position without binding or
hesitation. If the throttle does not function smoothly, or if you
discover excessive lever freeplay, DO NOT start the engine. Have the
throttle serviced immediately.
The need for a properly functioning brake is critical. Your snowmobile
is equipped with the highest quality brake system available. Check the
brakes for correct operation before starting the engine. See page 105.
n Throttle Safety Switch
Test the throttle safety switch system before the machine is operated.
See page 74 for procedure.
59
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Hydraulic Brakes
Properly functioning brakes
are critical to your safety.
Always check the following
items to assure proper
operation before starting the
engine.
A
Brake Lever Travel
When the brake lever is
squeezed, it should move no
closer to the handgrip than
1/2″ (1.3 cm) (A). A
distance less than this indicates low brake fluid level or air in the
hydraulic system. Refer to the brake bleeding information on page 108.
Lever Feel
A hydraulic system multiplies the force of your hand squeezing the
brake lever. Proper operation depends on an adequate supply of air and
moisture-free hydraulic brake fluid in the system. If the brake lever
feels “spongy” when squeezed, check the level and condition of the
fluid. Also check for the presence of air in the fluid system. Refer to
page 108 for more information, or see your dealer for service.
Replace brake fluid at least every two years with Polaris DOT 3 high
temperature brake fluid. All DOT 3 brake fluid is not alike. Use only
Polaris brake fluid. See page 134 for the part numbers of Polaris
products.
WARNING
Continued use of “spongy” brakes may cause a complete loss of
brakes, which could result in serious injury or death. Always have
the brakes serviced at the first sign of sponginess.
60
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Park Brake Lever Lock
Your snowmobile may have a park brake lever lock located over the
brake lever. Use the brake lever lock only when you want the machine
to remain stationary; for example, when parked on an incline for a
period of five minutes or less. To apply the lock, squeeze the brake
handle and push forward on the brake lever lock. Hold the lock
forward and release the brake handle.
If the brake handle is squeezed tightly enough, the lock will move
freely into place. Do not force the lock or it may break. To release the
lock, squeeze the brake handle until the lever returns to the unlock
position. The park brake light on the console will light up when the
park brake lever lock is set and the engine is running. It will also be lit
when the service brake is in use. If the park brake light does not come
on when the park brake or service brake is in use, have it serviced by
your dealer.
1. Brake Handle
2. Park Brake Lever Lock (not
all models have a park
brake)
3. Master Cylinder Reservoir /
Cover
4. Fluid Level Indicator
3
4
2
1
WARNING
If the park brake lever lock is partially or entirely engaged while
riding, overheating of the brakes could occur, resulting in brake
damage. In extreme cases it could cause a fire, which could
result in serious injury or death.
61
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Check for Proper Operation of Steering System
Manually turn the skis completely to the right and to the left. If any
difficulty is encountered, check for ice and snow build-up that may be
obstructing the steering linkage. Make sure all greasable components
are properly lubricated.
n Track Inspection
WARNING
Always inspect the track for damage before using the vehicle.
Operating the snowmobile with a damaged track increases the
possibility of track failure, which could cause loss of control
resulting in serious injury or death.
Use of traction products such as studs increases the possibility of track
damage and/or failure. Driving at high speeds for extended periods of
time in marginal lubrication could severely damage track rods, break
track edges, and cause other track damage. Examples of marginal
lubrication would include frozen bodies of water without snow cover,
icy trails, and no-snow conditions.
NOTE:
Track damage or failure caused by operation on ice or poor
lubrication conditions voids the track warranty.
n Check Hood Latches
The hood of the snowmobile protects the operator from moving parts
as well as aiding in sound emission control and other functions. Under
no circumstances should your snowmobile be operated with the hood
open or removed. Always ensure that the hood straps are in good
condition and that the latches are securely in place before operating the
snowmobile.
n Check Recoil Rope
Inspect the recoil rope and handle for excessive wear, and make sure
the knot securing the rope inside the handle is secure. If excessive
wear is found, see your Polaris dealer for replacement.
62
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Start the Engine and Check
n Transmission: Make sure the reverse is not engaged before
starting your machine.
n Engine Stop Switch: Check the auxiliary shut-off switch for
proper operation. Push down to stop the engine. Pull up to release
and start the engine.
n Tether Switch: If your machine has a tether switch, remove the
tether from the switch to ensure the engine stops immediately.
Make sure the tether strap is in good condition.
n Lighting: Check the headlight (high and low beam), taillight, and
brake light for normal operation.
n Mirror Adjustment: If equipped, adjust your mirrors so they can
be used to their full advantage.
n Check Surroundings to Verify Clear Operating Area: Make
sure you have a clear area all around your snowmobile, including
an area clear of bystanders. There’s always the possibility of some
sideways vehicle movement, of applying a little more throttle than
intended, or of debris being thrown by the track. If the
surrounding area is clear you before you start, you can devote your
full attention to operating the snowmobile.
n Ignition Switch: Make sure
the engine stops when the
ignition switch is turned to OFF.
63
OPERATION
Starting the Engine
WARNING
Before starting the engine, always refer to all safety warnings
pertaining to snowmobile operation. Never start your snowmobile
without checking all components to be sure of proper operation.
See Check Before Starting the Engine beginning on page 59.
Starting a Cold Engine (Manual Start)
Do not depress the throttle until the engine starts.
1. Turn key to ON.
2. Pull kill switch (shut-off switch) up to RUN.
3. Flip choke toggle to FULL ON.
4. Grasp starter handle and pull slowly until recoil engages; then pull
abruptly to start the engine.
CAUTION
Don’t pull the starter rope to full extended position or allow it to
snap back into the housing. Damage may result.
To avoid personal injury and/or engine damage, do not operate
the electric starter or pull-rope starter while the engine is running.
5. After the engine starts, flip the choke toggle to the OFF position. If
the engine slows or wants to stop, use intermittent choking to the
HALF ON position.
64
OPERATION
Starting the Engine
Starting a Cold Engine (Electric Start)
Do not depress the throttle
until the engine starts.
1. Flip choke toggle to
FULL ON.
2. Pull kill switch (shut-off
switch) up to RUN.
3. Turn key to START and
crank engine.
4. After the engine starts,
release the key to ON
and flip the choke toggle
to OFF. If the engine
slows or wants to stop,
use intermittent choking
to HALF ON.
CHOKE TOGGLE POSITIONS
Off
Half On
On
or
or
or
Starting a Warm Engine
1. Turn key to ON.
2. Pull kill switch (shut-off switch) up to RUN.
3. Grasp starter handle and pull slowly until recoil engages; then pull
to start.
If the engine does not start on the first pull, slightly depress the throttle
with your left hand (no more than 1/4″ open), and pull the rope with
your right hand. When the engine starts, immediately release the
throttle.
65
OPERATION
Engine Break-In
No single action on your part is as important to long, trouble-free
machine life as proper break-in of a new or rebuilt engine. Premix the
first tank of gasoline with one pint of Polaris injection oil for each five
gallons of fuel. This, in addition to the lubrication supplied by the
injection system, will assure proper engine break-in.
CAUTION
Excessive heat build-up during the first three hours of operation
will damage close-fitted engine parts. Do not operate at full
throttle or high speeds for extended periods during the first three
hours of use. Vary the throttle openings and machine speeds to
reduce friction on all close-fitting machined parts, allowing them
to break in slowly without damage.
Use of any lubricants other than those recommended by Polaris
may cause serious engine damage. We recommend the use of
Polaris lubricants for your vehicle.
Drive with extra caution during the break-in period. Perform
regular checks on fluid levels, lines, and all other important areas
of the machine.
66
OPERATION
Engine Break-In
Oil Injection System
CAUTION
Serious engine damage can occur without the proper lubrication.
Check the oil tank level often during the first tankful of fuel. If the
oil level doesn’t go down, contact your dealer immediately.
Always fill the oil reservoir when refueling. Fuel-to-oil mix ratios are
controlled by the oil pump and correspond to the engine’s RPM and
throttle valve opening.
Variable Exhaust System
All snowmobile engines equipped with variable exhaust valves should
use VES II 2 Cycle Oil (see chart below).
Oil Recommendations
The only source of engine lubrication for your engine comes from
lubrication added to the fuel and oil injection systems. We highly
recommend the use of only Polaris products. We’re continuously
testing lubricants and provide the highest performance products
available for your snowmobile’s engine. Refer to the table below to
determine the recommended oils for use in your Polaris snowmobile.
Never mix brands of oil. Serious chemical reactions can cause
injection system blockage, resulting in serious engine damage. They
may also be incompatible and the result could be sludge formation,
filter blockage, and reduced cold weather flow rates. All Polaris oils
are compatible with each other.
Engine
Style
Premium
2-Cycle
Premium Gold
2-Cycle
VES II
2-Cycle
Fan Cooled
Good
Better
N/A
Liquid Cooled
Good
Better
N/A
Liquid Cooled
w/VES
Good
Better
Best
67
OPERATION
Track Warm-Up
WARNING
A loose track or flying debris could cause serious personal injury
or death. Stand clear of the front of the machine and the moving
track. Never hold the snowmobile up or stand behind it while
warming up the track. Do not use excessive throttle during
warm-up or when the track is free-hanging. Be sure the rear
support is stable.
WARNING
Use of traction products such as studs, ice growsers, etc. will
increase the possibility of track damage and/or failure. This could
cause loss of control, resulting in serious injury or death. Always
inspect for track damage before operating the snowmobile.
Follow these steps to ensure proper warm-up
of the engine, drive train and track.
1. Use an appropriate stand to securely
support the rear of the snowmobile at the
rear bumper. The track should be
approximately 4″ (10 cm) off the
ground.
2. Start the engine and allow it to warm up
two to three minutes.
3. Depress the throttle abruptly and allow the track to rotate several
revolutions.
NOTE:
It will take longer to warm up the track sufficiently during
colder outdoor temperatures.
4. Release the throttle, apply the brakes, shut off the engine and lower
the machine to the ground.
5. Grasp the skis by their front loops and move them from side to side.
This will loosen frozen snow from the ski bottoms, allowing the
machine to move forward more easily.
6. The engine, drive system and track are now properly warmed up and
the machine may be driven following normal safety practices.
68
Slide Rail and Track Cooling
OPERATION
CAUTION
Inadequate cooling and lubrication will lead to overheating of the
slide rail and track, resulting in premature wear and failure.
Reduce speeds and frequently drive into fresh snow to allow
adequate cooling and polishing of the slide rail and track
surfaces. Avoid operating on ice, hard-packed surfaces or roads.
Fuel
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain
conditions.
S Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline.
S Always refuel with the engine stopped, and outdoors or in a well
ventilated area.
S Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck.
S Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the
area where refueling is performed or where gasoline is stored.
S If gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash it off
with soap and water and change clothing.
S Never start the engine or let it run in an enclosed area. Engine
exhaust fumes are poisonous and can cause loss of consciousness or death in a short time.
S Turn the fuel valve off whenever the snowmobile is stored or
parked.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known
to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Operate this vehicle only outdoors or in well-ventilated areas.
69
OPERATION
Fuel
The fuel used in your Polaris engine is as important to engine life and
performance as the lubricant used.
Your Polaris engine is designed to run on 87 octane non-oxygenated or
89 octane oxygenated pump gasoline. There’s a great deal of
variability in the quality of the 87 octane gasoline available across the
country, so we encourage the use of premium fuel when possible.
Always use the premium fuel switch when using premium fuel.
NOTE:
Some Polaris snowmobiles require premium gasoline.
Premium Fuel Switch
If your Polaris snowmobile is equipped
with a key function to adjust the timing
on the machine as you change fuels, it’s
very important to the life of your
engine that you use this feature.
When using fuels with a pump-posted
octane rating of 91 or higher, turn the
Premium Fuel Setting
key switch to ON/PREM. When the
engine is started, a yellow Premium
Fuel light illuminates on the instrument
panel. When the key is in this position,
the fuel must be a minimum of 91
octane. Return the key switch to the
ON/REG position when not using
premium fuel.
If you’re uncertain about the quality or
octane rating of the fuel you use, turn
your key switch to ON/REG. The
Regular Fuel Setting
Premium Fuel light will go out. This
setting will adjust the timing of your engine to run on fuels with 87
octane or higher. Polaris does not recommend using fuel with lower
than 87 octane. Running your machine on ON/REG will help protect
your engine from damage caused by low octane fuels.
CAUTION
Using fuels with a lower than recommended octane or operating
with obstructed fuel systems will result in serious and costly
engine damage. Always use the recommended fuels for your
machine.
70
Fuel
OPERATION
Fuel Reserve Capacity (Mechanical Gauge)
There are approximately two gallons of fuel left in the tank when the
mechanical fuel gauge reads RES.
Fuel System Deicers
If you use non-oxygenated fuel, Polaris recommends the regular use of
isopropyl-based fuel system deicer. Add one to two ounces per gallon
(8-16 milliliters per liter) of gasoline to prevent engine damage
resulting from fuel system icing and lean fuel mixtures. Never use
deicers or additives containing methanol. See page 134 for the part
numbers of Polaris products.
If you use oxygenated fuel containing ethanol, additional alcohol
deicers or water absorbing additives are not required and should not be
used.
CAUTION
Prolonged exposure to petroleum based products may damage
paint. Always protect painted surfaces when handling fuel.
71
OPERATION
Oil
n Low Oil Indicator Light
The low oil indicator light will indicate when to add oil. See page 67
for oil recommendations.
When the low oil indicator light is on, oil should be added before
further operation of the snowmobile. Visually check the oil level in the
bottle. The engine may be operated as long as oil is visible in the oil
tank. If oil is not visible, continued operation may cause serious
engine damage.
Never mix brands of oil. Serious chemical reactions can cause
injection system blockage, resulting in serious engine damage. They
may also be incompatible and the result could be sludge formation,
filter blockage, and reduced cold weather flow rates. All Polaris oils
are compatible with each other.
Always maintain the oil level above the tank’s low level line. This is
especially important when the machine is operated in mountainous
terrain. Maintaining the proper oil level will prevent system aeration
and possible loss of pumping action, which could result in engine
damage.
CAUTION
Mixing brands or using a non-recommended oil may cause
serious engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris
2-cycle oils for your snowmobile. Never mix brands.
CAUTION
Operating the snowmobile without proper engine lubrication can
result in serious engine damage. Always check the oil level when
refueling.
n
Low Oil Level
Always do a visual check of the oil level when
refueling. When the oil reaches the low level
mark, add one U.S. quart of recommended oil to
the tank.
The Polaris oil cap on the oil tank may be vented
to allow proper oil flow. See your Polaris dealer
for recommended replacement parts.
72
Carburetion
OPERATION
Proper carburetor adjustment is critical. A lean mixture (too much air,
too little fuel) may result in piston burning, bearing failure, or
complete engine failure. A rich mixture (too much fuel, too little air)
may foul plugs and cause generally poor engine performance.
A lean mixture may be caused by things like fuel line restrictions,
foreign matter in the carburetor or clogged fuel filters. A rich mixture
may be caused by snow build-up on the pre-filter in the air intake
system. Either condition may be caused by improper carburetor
adjustment.
WARNING
Improper carburetor adjustments may result in operator safety
hazards as well as serious engine damage. Always have your
Polaris dealer perform any carburetor adjustments.
Jetting Guidelines
Changes in altitude and temperature affect air density, which is the
amount of oxygen available for combustion. In low elevations and
cold temperatures, the air has more oxygen. In higher elevations and
higher temperatures, the air is less dense.
Carburetors on most Polaris models are calibrated for an altitude of
0-2000 ft (0-600 meters) and ambient temperatures between -10 to +10
F (-23 to -12 C). All carburetors must be re-calibrated if operated
outside this production temperature and/or altitude range. The main jet
installed in production is not correct for all altitudes and/or
temperatures.
CAUTION
A main jet that’s too small will cause a lean operating condition
and may cause serious engine damage. Jet the carburetors
carefully for elevation and temperature according to the jetting
charts in your Owner’s Manual Supplement.
NOTE:
It’s the owner’s responsibility to ensure that the correct jets
are installed in the machine for a geographical area. Be very
careful when jetting down in warm weather. As the weather
turns colder it will be necessary to re-jet upward to prevent
engine damage. When selecting the proper main jet always
use the lowest elevation and temperature that is likely to be
encountered.
73
OPERATION
n Engine Stop Switch
Push down on the engine stop
switch (A) to stop the engine in an
emergency. This will ground out
the ignition and bring the engine to
a quick stop. To restart the engine,
the switch must be pulled up to the
ON position.
A
n Throttle Safety Switch
B
Test the throttle safety switch
system daily before operation.
While seated in a normal riding
position, and with the engine
idling, hold the throttle lever pin
stationary by exerting pressure on
the pivot pin in the direction shown
in the illustration (B). Apply a
slight amount of throttle. A
properly functioning switch must
shut down the engine.
The throttle safety switch is designed to stop the engine whenever all
pressure is removed from the throttle lever and the throttle cable or
valves do not return to the normal closed position.
WARNING
Operating the snowmobile with a faulty throttle safety switch can
result in serious injury or death in the event of an accident. If the
throttle safety switch does not shut off the engine during a
carburetor/throttle system malfunction, immediately push down
the engine stop switch. Do not start the engine again until the
malfunction has been corrected by your dealer.
74
Throttle Lever
OPERATION
WARNING
An improperly functioning throttle lever may cause erratic
machine behavior and loss of control, which could result in
serious injury or death. If the throttle lever does not work properly,
DO NOT start the engine.
If the engine stops abruptly when the throttle lever is released:
1. Turn the ignition switch to OFF.
2. Visually inspect the throttle cable and carburetor(s) to determine what
caused the safety switch to activate.
3. Test the throttle lever by compressing and releasing it several times.
The lever and cable must return to the idle position quickly and
completely.
4. If the throttle lever operates properly, turn the ignition switch on and
go through normal starting procedures.
5. If the engine doesn’t start, take the snowmobile to an authorized
Polaris dealer for service.
Excessive freeplay in the throttle cable may cause the safety switch to
activate, preventing the engine from starting. If this occurs, return the
machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for service.
If an emergency exists and it’s necessary to start the engine, the throttle
safety switch and engine stop switch may be disconnected from the
wire harness. When these switches are disconnected, the ignition key
switch must be used to shut off the engine. DO NOT continue to
operate the machine with the throttle safety switch disconnected.
Return the machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for service as soon
as possible.
75
OPERATION
Emergency Stopping
The following chart lists methods for stopping the snowmobile in the
event of an emergency. See page 74 for more information about the
engine stop switch and throttle safety switch.
SYSTEM
WHAT IT DOES
THROTTLE
CONDITION
Ignition Switch
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Brake
Slows jackshaft
All
Choke
Floods engine
Engine Stop Switch
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Throttle Safety Switch
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Tether Switch (Option)
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Half throttle or less
WARNING
Excessive or repetitive use of brakes for high speed stops will
cause an overheated brake system. This overheated condition
could cause sudden loss of brakes and/or fire, resulting in serious
injury or death.
When traveling on long downhill stretches, pump the brakes.
Riding the brakes may cause the brake system to overheat and
result in brake failure.
76
Emergency Starting
OPERATION
Your machine is equipped with a tool kit containing essential tools for
emergency use. Machine’s equipped with electric start have a recoil for
emergency starting. On non-electric start models, if the recoil starter
system fails, an emergency start strap is provided in the kit.
WARNING
Serious injury can result from wrapping the start strap around
your hand while using the emergency starting procedure. DO
NOT wrap the start strap around your hand. Keep all bystanders
and loose clothing away from the snowmobile when using the
emergency starting procedure.
To use the emergency start strap:
1. Open the clutch guard.
2. Push on the inner
sheave of the clutch
and rotate clockwise
slightly to relieve belt
tension.
3. Starting at one of the
tower struts, wind the
strap counterclockwise
around the clutch as
shown.
4. Pull the strap abruptly so the strap comes free of the clutch while
starting the engine.
77
OPERATION
Reverse Operation
WARNING
Improper reverse operation, even at low speeds, may cause loss
of control, resulting in serious injury or death.
S Always look behind the vehicle before and while backing.
S Always avoid sharp turns.
S Shift to or from reverse only when stopped.
S Always apply throttle slowly.
Mechanical Reverse
Make sure the shift lever is shifted completely into forward or reverse
position. Some models are equipped with a reverse indicator light that
will help you make that determination.
Do not force the shift lever into reverse if resistance is felt. The gears
may not always be aligned for shifting into reverse, and forcing the
lever may cause damage. If resistance is felt, gently apply the throttle
to move the gears to a different position and try to shift again.
The transmission may not always be in the gear indicated by the shift
lever. Apply the throttle slowly until you’re sure which gear is
engaged.
Sometimes the drive belt will drag in the drive clutch, causing slight
tension in the transmission and making it hard to shift. Shutting the
engine off will remove this tension and ease shifting. This should only
happen during the break-in of a new belt or when the drive/driven
clutch center distance is too long. If this is the case, belt tension
adjustments should be made by your dealer.
78
Reverse Operation
OPERATION
Electronic Reverse (PERCt)
Electronic reverse will activate only if the engine is below 4000 RPM.
If your machine is running at an altitude of over 6000 feet, adjust the
ignition setting as described below. Always make sure the vehicle is
stopped and the engine is running at idle before shifting to reverse.
1. Make sure the area behind your vehicle is clear.
2. Push the yellow reverse button on the left-hand control for one
second, then release. The engine will automatically reduce RPM and
start a reverse rotation. A flashing reverse light on the instrument
panel will indicate that the machine is in reverse.
3. Slowly apply the throttle until movement starts and you’re sure the
machine is in reverse.
NOTE:
The maximum engine RPM will be 6000 when in reverse.
NOTE:
If the engine stops running, the snowmobile will be in forward
gear when it’s restarted.
Disengaging Reverse
Push the yellow reverse button on the left-hand control for one second
and release. The engine will slow and and begin to rotate forward.
The light on the instrument panel will shut off. Make sure the area
around your vehicle is clear and apply throttle slowly until you’re sure
the machine is in forward gear.
Altitude Setting
At higher altitudes (above 6000 feet), the engine will require a different
ignition setting to improve the success of the reverse system. To set
for a higher altitude, start the engine and hold the button down until the
light on the instrument panel flashes rapidly, then release the button.
To set the reverse for lower elevations, continue holding the button
down until the reverse indicator light blinks slowly. Once set, it’s
stored in memory until changed, whether the machine is running or
not.
79
OPERATION
Daily Storage
At the end of each ride, park the snowmobile
on a level surface and support it at the rear
with an appropriate track stand. The track
should be suspended approximately 4″
(20 cm) off the ground.
Remove the key and cover the machine.
NOTE:
Polaris has accessory covers
and track stands available to
fit all models. See your dealer
for more information.
Towing
For your safety, do not attempt to using the tow hitch until you’ve read
the following warnings and understand the proper hitch functions.
WARNING
Objects towed with a rope have no braking power and can easily
collide with the rear of the snowmobile or other objects, resulting
in serious injury or death. DO NOT tow toboggans, sleds,
saucers, or any type of vehicle with a rope. Only a stiff metal
pole connecting the towed object and the tow hitch on the
snowmobile should be used. If passengers are to be towed on a
toboggan or sled, make sure the pole is at least four feet (1.2
meters) long to prevent any possibility of contact between the
snowmobile’s track and a person riding in the towed object.
Braking distances increase when towing loads. Slow down to
maintain control of the snowmobile.
If the snowmobile becomes inoperable and must be towed, and if it
isn’t possible to use a rigid tow bar, attach the tow rope to the ski
spindles (not to the ski loops) to prevent damage to the steering
components. Remove the drive belt before towing, and have a rider on
the towed snowmobile to operate the brake and steering when
necessary.
CAUTION
Towing a disabled snowmobile with the drive belt in place can
result in serious damage to the engine and drive system. Always
remove the drive belt from a disabled snowmobile before towing.
80
MAINTENANCE
Polaris Recommended Maintenance Program
To ensure many trouble-free miles of snowmobiling enjoyment, follow
recommended regular maintenance and perform service checks as
outlined in this manual.
The recommended maintenance schedule on your snowmobile calls for
service and maintenance inspections at 150 miles (240 km), 500 miles
(800 km) and 1000 miles (1600 km). These inspections should be
performed by a qualified service technician. For continued optimum
performance and component life, continue maintenance checks at 1000
mile (1600 km) intervals.
All necessary replacement parts and labor incurred, with the exception
of authorized warranty repairs, become the responsibility of the
registered owner. If, during the course of the warranty period, part
failures occur as a result of owner neglect in performing recommended
regular maintenance, the cost of repairs are the responsibility of the
owner.
Personal safety is critical when attempting to service or make
adjustments to your snowmobile. If you’re not familiar with safe
service or adjustment procedures and the use of tools, or if you don’t
feel comfortable performing these tasks yourself, contact an authorized
Polaris dealer for service.
81
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Interval Table
The following chart is a guide based on average riding conditions. You
may need to increase frequency based on riding conditions. When
inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, always use genuine
Polaris parts, available from your Polaris dealer.
Item
See
Page
P
Frequency
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
I
I
I
PreSeason
Clutch
Clutch Offset Alignment
(without belt)
112
Drive Belt Condition
113
I
I
I
Clutches (disassemble)
112
C
C
C
Belt Tension
I
--
I
I
I
I
Clutch Sheaves
112
I
I
I
I
Engine Mounts
--
I
I
I
I
Recoil Rope
--
I
I
I
I
Engine Mounting Plate
--
I
I
I
Engine Torque Stop
116
I
I
I
Cylinder Head Bolts
--
I
I
I
Cylinder Base Nuts
--
I
I
I
Ignition Timing BTDC
--
I
I
I
VES System
--
C
C
C
I
Coolant Level
101
I
I
R
I
Water Pump Drive Belt
96
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Engine
Coolant Hose
Heat Exchangers
Coolant Circulation
Coolant Leaks
I
-103
I
---
Spark Plug Condition
94
Exhaust Pipe
100
Exhaust Retaining
Springs
100
I
I
I - Inspect (clean, adjust, tighten, lubricate, replace if necessary)
C - Clean
R - Replace
L - Lubricate
82
I
I
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Interval Table
Item
See
Page
P
Frequency
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
PreSeason
Brakes
Hose Routing
--
I
I
I
I
Hose Condition
--
I
I
I
I
Fluid Leaks
--
I
I
I
I
Brake Pads
105
I
I
I
I
Brake Disc
--
I
I
I
I
Parking Brakes
61
I
I
I
I
Brake System
59, 105
Brake fluid
I
107
R
Fuel Management
Pilot Air Screws
Carburetor (synchronize)
Idle RPM
Throttle Lever
Oil Pump Lever
(synchronize)
--
I
I
I
73
I
I
I
--
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
59, 75
I
--
Throttle Cable
91
L
L
L
Choke Cable
91
L
L
L
--
I
I
I
I
Vent Lines
Throttle Position Sensor
--
I
I
Choke
91
I
I
I
Fuel Filter
98
R
R
Fuel Lines
98
I
I
Oil Filter
98
R
R
Oil Lines
98
I
I
Oil Change
--
Air Box
--
I
I
I
R
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Drain and Water Traps
97
Auxiliary Shut-Off Switch
63
I
I
I
I
I
59, 74
I
I
I
I
I
--
I
I
I
I
I
Taillight
63
I
I
I
I
I
Brakelight
63
I
I
I
I
I
Headlight
63
I
I
I
I
I
Electrical
Throttle Safety Switch
Ignition Switch
83
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Interval Table
Item
See
Page
P
Frequency
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
PreSeason
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
C
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Chassis
Ski Toe Alignment
--
Suspension
Mounting Bolts
--
Steering Fasteners
--
Rear Suspension
Fasteners
--
Suspension Shock Oil
--
Cooling Fins and Shroud
--
I
I
I
I
Drive Shaft Bearings
91
L
L
L
I
Jackshaft Bearings
91
L
L
L
I
Skags (Wear Bars)
55
I
I
I
I
I
--
I
I
I
I
I
Ski Pivots
87
L
L
L
L
I
Ski Spindle
87
L
L
L
L
I
Steering Arm(s)
87
L
L
L
L
I
Upper / Lower Steering
Post Support Bracket
87
L
L
L
L
I
Drive Chain Tension
104
I
I
I
I
I
Hood Straps
62
I
I
I
I
I
Battery Fluid Level
131
I
I
I
I
I
Rear Wheel Idler Bolts
121
I
I
I
I
I
Idler Bolt Jam Nut
121
I
I
I
I
I
Rear Suspension Pivot
Shafts
88
L
L
I
I
Ski Saddle/Spindle Bolts
L
Camber Alignment
--
Radius Rod Bushings
--
I
Handlebar Centering
--
I
I
Tether Switch and Strap
63
I
I
I
I
I
Track Alignment
122
I
I
I
I
I
Track Tension
120
I
I
I
I
I
--
I
I
I
I
I
Front Limiter Strap
Hi-Fax Condition
126
I
Chaincase Oil
92
I
I
I
R
I
Gearcase Oil
N/A
I
I
I
R
I
I - Inspect (clean, adjust, tighten, lubricate, replace if necessary)
C - Clean
R - Replace
L - Lubricate
84
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance Log
Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your
snowmobile is serviced. This will provide you and future owners with
an accurate log of maintenance and services performed on the
snowmobile.
150 Mile (240 km) Initial Maintenance Inspection
Authorized Polaris Servicing Dealer
Servicing Technician
Date
Mileage
500 Mile (800 km) Maintenance Inspection
Authorized Polaris Servicing Dealer
Servicing Technician
Date
Mileage
1000 Mile (1600 km) Maintenance Inspection
Authorized Polaris Servicing Dealer
Servicing Technician
Date
Mileage
2000 Mile (3200 km) Maintenance Inspection
Authorized Polaris Servicing Dealer
Servicing Technician
Date
Mileage
85
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance Log
Additional Services Performed
Authorized Polaris Servicing Dealer
Servicing Technician
Date
Mileage
Type of Service
Additional Services Performed
Authorized Polaris Servicing Dealer
Servicing Technician
Date
Type of Service
86
Mileage
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
Lubricate the suspension and steering components with Polaris
Premium All-Season Grease at 500 miles (800 km) and
annually or every 1000 miles (1600 km) thereafter. See page 134
for the part numbers of Polaris products.
The illustration shows the location of suspension and steering
components. A + indicates a grease point or fitting.
S Grease the left and right spindles. Raise the front end of the machine to permit better grease entry into the spindle area.
S Lubricate both of the front ski pivots at the fittings as shown.
S Grease the jackshaft and driveshaft clutch side bearings.
S Use an aerosol lubricant on the steering post support bracket.
S Grease the center steering arms.
S Grease the steering post lower pivot.
S Grease the rear suspension pivot shafts (raise the rear of unit).
A grease gun kit, complete with grease and adaptors, is available to
lubricate all fittings on Polaris snowmobiles. See page 134.
+
+
+
+
+
+
87
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
The suspension pivot shafts should be lubricated with Polaris Premium
All Season Grease at 500 miles (800 km) initially, every 1000 miles
(1600 km) after that, and before off-season storage each year. Lack of
lubrication will adversely affect your ride and the life of the
suspension. For detailed information about suspension lubrication and
adjustments, see your Polaris dealer.
NOTE:
The following illustrations are general representations. Your
model may differ. Lubrication points are indicated by a L,
and forward is to the left.
L
L
L
L
L
88
L
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
89
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
Suspension Lubrication - EDGE
L
L
L
L
L
Suspension Lubrication - M-10 ACE
L
L
L
90
Lubrication
Jackshaft Bearing Greasing
MAINTENANCE
+
+
Loosen the driven clutch retaining bolt
and pull the clutch outward to expose the
bearing and grease fitting. Inject grease
into the grease fitting in the flangette
until grease purges from inside or
outside the bearing seal (may take only
two pumps). Push the clutch back onto
the shaft and replace the clutch retaining bolt. Torque to 18 ft. lbs.
(24.4 Nm).
Driveshaft Bearing Greasing
Inject grease into the fitting on the
speedometer drive adaptor until grease
purges from inside or outside the
bearing seal (approximately two pumps).
+
Throttle Cable
Lubricate the throttle cable (1) lightly
with grease or oil. With the engine off,
turn the handlebars to the left and
lubricate liberally as shown.
Choke and Cable
Lubricate the choke slide (2) and cables
lightly with oil or grease. Before
turning the engine off, operate the choke
intermittently to draw moisture out of
the choke plunger area and reduce the
possibility of the choke becoming
frozen.
1
2
91
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
n Chaincase Oil Level
It’s the operator’s responsibility to check and maintain the proper
chaincase oil level.
To check the oil level, place the machine on a level surface. The oil
level should be between the “safe” marks on the dipstick (A). Add
Polaris synthetic chaincase oil through the dipstick opening. Do not
overfill. See page 134 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Flush the chaincase after the first 500 miles (800 km), then every 1000
miles (1600 km) or seasonally. Clean the magnetic plug (B) whenever
checking or changing lubricant.
A
92
B
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Spark Plugs
It’s very important to use the correct spark plug for your machine. A
spark plug with a heat range too high will cause engine damage. A
spark plug with a heat range too low will cause excessive fouling and
engine malfunctioning.
In selecting a spark plug heat range for production, a manufacturer
assumes that the engine will be operated under extreme heavy duty
conditions and selects a spark plug that will protect the engine from
internal damage if the purchaser actually does operate the engine in this
manner. This selection could cause the customer who normally
operates the engine under medium or light duty to have spark plug
failure. Refer to your Owner’s Manual Supplement for the specific
spark plug to be used in your machine.
CAUTION
A spark plug with a heat range too high will always cause engine
damage if the engine is operated in conditions more severe than
intended for that plug. Always use the spark plugs recommended
for your snowmobile. See your Owner’s Manual Supplement.
A new engine can cause temporary spark plug fouling due to the
preservative added during the assembly process. Avoid prolonged idle
speeds, which cause plug fouling and carbonization.
S Use recommended spark plugs with the proper gap. Refer to your
Owner’s Manual Supplement for specific information.
S Spark plug torque is 18-22 ft. lbs. (24-30 Nm).
S Always carry spare spark plugs in case of an emergency.
CAUTION
Using non-recommended spark plugs can result in serious engine
damage. Always use Polaris-recommended spark plugs.
93
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Spark Plugs
Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. The spark plug
firing end condition should be read after the engine has been warmed
up and the vehicle has been driven at higher speeds. Immediately
check the spark plug for correct color.
WARNING
A hot exhaust system and engine can cause serious burns. Wear
protective gloves when removing a spark plug for inspection.
NOTE:
Incorrect fuel mixture can often cause a spark plug to appear
too dark or too light in color. Before changing spark plug
heat ranges, be sure the correct main jet is installed in the
carburetor(s). Refer to the Owner’s Manual Supplement or
see your dealer.
1. Normal
The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few
combustion deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This
indicates the proper type and heat range for the engine and the service.
NOTE:
The tip should not be white. A white insulator tip indicates
overheating, caused by use of an improper spark plug or
incorrect carburetion adjustments.
2. Wet Fouled
The wet fouled insulator tip is black. A damp oil film covers the firing
end. There may be a carbon layer over the entire nose. Generally, the
electrodes are not worn. General causes of fouling are excessive oil,
use of non-recommended injection oil, improper use of the choke, or
incorrect carburetion adjustments.
Spark Plug Removal and Replacement
1. Remove the spark plug cap.
2. Using the special wrench provided in the
tool pouch, rotate the spark plug
counterclockwise to remove.
3. Reverse the procedure for spark plug
installation.
4. Torque to 18-22 ft. lbs. (24-30 Nm).
5. Install spark plug cap.
94
1
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Intake Filter
The intake foam filter limits snow ingestion into the intake system.
When operating in loose powder snow, check the top of the foam filter
periodically to remove any accumulation of snow.
CAUTION
Operating the snowmobile with the intake filters removed may
cause carburetor icing. The result will be poor fuel economy or
carburetor malfunction. Always reinstall the intake filters before
operating the snowmobile.
NOTE:
These illustrations are general representations. Your model
may differ.
1. Intake Foam Filter
2. Air Intake box
1
2
1
95
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Water Pump Belt Inspection
Some liquid cooled models
require inspection of the
water pump belt at 1500
miles (2400 km). Inspect
belt width (A) and
condition, and replace if
cracked or worn past the
width service limit (.250″ /
6.35mm). New belt width
is approximately .345″
(8.75 mm). See your
Polaris dealer if the belt
needs to be replaced.
96
A
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Water/Sediment Trap Service
Most Polaris snowmobiles contain patented carburetor bowl
water/sediment traps located at the bottom of each carburetor. The
trap, consisting of a hose with a plug, should be drained at least every
2000 miles (3200 km) and inspected for contamination.
WARNING
When draining the traps, fuel spillage will occur. Always work in a
well ventilated area away from anything that may cause the fuel
to ignite, such as open flames, sparks, heaters, trouble lights,
cigarettes, etc. Review the gasoline warnings found on page 69.
Plug Cleaning Procedure
1. Turn the fuel tank supply valve off.
2. Position a container or shop towels to
catch the contaminated gasoline.
3. Slide the clamp (1) away from the
drain plug (2) and remove the drain
plug from the sediment tube.
4. Wipe residue from the plug and
reinstall it. Reposition and tighten
the clamps. Continue until all the
traps have been emptied.
1
2
1
2
97
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Fuel Filter/Fuel Lines
See your Polaris dealer for replacement of the in-tank fuel filter (1)
every 1000 miles (or annually).
Inspect the fuel lines regularly for signs of
deterioration or damage. Always check fuel
line condition after periods of storage.
Normal deterioration from weather and fuel
1
compounds may occur. Replace worn or
damaged fuel lines promptly.
CAUTION
Kinking the fuel lines or using a pliers or similar tools to remove
fuel lines may cause damage to the lines. If a fuel line has been
damaged or kinked, replace it promptly.
Oil Filter
The oil filter should be changed
annually or every 1000 miles (1600
km). Inspect oil line condition at
1000 miles (1600 km). Polaris oil
filters are specially designed for use
on Polaris products. We strongly
2
recommend the use of only Polaris
replacement parts.
See page 67 for oil recommendations.
Edge models use an oil filter that’s built into the oil sending unit
located in the bottom of the oil tank. After changing the oil filter, bleed
the oil injection system of all trapped air. See your dealer for
instructions, or have your dealer perform the filter change and bleeding
operation for you.
NOTE:
98
The direction of the arrows indicates the direction of flow
through the filters.
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
General Carburetor Information
The number stamped in the end of the main jet indicates the jet size.
The jet installed at the time of manufacture is not necessarily correct
for your elevation. It’s your dealer’s responsibility to make sure the
correct main jet is installed.
CAUTION
Operating the snowmobile with incorrect jetting can result in
serious engine damage. Have your Polaris dealer perform all
carburetor adjustments to ensure all adjustments are done
correctly.
Carburetor Adjustments
The frequency at which the carburetors are synchronized or balanced is
important. Properly adjusted carburetors can greatly improve engine
performance, fuel economy, engine life, and reliability.
If you notice any of the following conditions, the carburetor may need
adjustment:
S Hard starting
S Poor idle
S Overheated pistons and cylinder walls
S Plug fouling
S Poor engine response to various throttle valve openings
99
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Exhaust System
Check the exhaust system for wear or damage at approximately 2000
miles (3200 km). To inspect, allow the engine and exhaust system to
cool completely. Open the hood and inspect the muffler and pipes for
cracks or damage. Check for weak or missing retaining springs or
damper/support grommets.
WARNING
Hot exhaust system parts can cause serious burns. Allow
adequate time for the exhaust system to cool. Never perform this
procedure with the engine running.
Engine Cooling - Liquid Cooled Models
The cooling system on liquid cooled models consists of the following
major components:
S Coolant bottle
S Water pump
S Cylinders
S Heads
S Inlet and outlet manifolds
S Pressure cap
S Heat exchangers
100
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Coolant Mixture
The coolant supplied in the system is a 50/50 mixture of
ethylene-glycol and distilled water. This mixture provides protection
against freezing at temperatures to -34° F (-37° C). If greater
protection is required, the percentage of antifreeze to water may be
increased. Use Premium 60/40 anti-freeze coolant, which is already
premixed and ready to use. Do not dilute with water. Never exceed a
60% antifreeze/40% water mixture. Contact your dealer if greater
protection is required. See page 134 for Polaris products.
NOTE:
Never add tap water to the cooling system. Minerals cause
deposits and may react adversely with the metals in the
engine and cooling system.
Coolant High Temperature Indicator Light
The high temperature indicator light is controlled by a switch in the
engine cooling system on liquid cooled models. If the engine coolant
reaches a certain temperature, the switch completes a circuit that turns
the light on. If you must drive your machine after the high temperature
indicator light has come on, drive slowly and stop frequently to allow
the engine to cool down. See your dealer.
n Coolant Level
Always maintain the coolant level between the minimum and
maximum marks on the coolant bottle (when engine is cold) to prevent
overheating and serious engine damage.
CAUTION
Operating the snowmobile with insufficient coolant will result in
overheating and serious engine damage. Always maintain the
coolant level as recommended.
101
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Coolant Level
The engine coolant level is controlled by the recovery system. The
recovery system components are:
S Coolant bottle or overflow tank
S Engine filler neck
S Pressure cap (on some models)
S Connecting hoses
Flushing the Cooling System
To ensure that the coolant maintains its ability to protect the engine,
the system should be completely drained every two years and a fresh
mixture of antifreeze and distilled water should be added. This service
must be done when the engine is cold. Ask your Polaris dealer to
check the coolant when he performs the fall tune-up on your
snowmobile.
Bleeding the Cooling System
Use of a non-standard pressure cap will not allow the recovery system
to function properly. If the pressure cap needs replacement, contact
your dealer for the correct part.
WARNING
Steam and hot liquids will cause serious burns to your skin.
Never bleed the cooling system or remove the pressure cap when
the engine is warm or hot.
102
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Bleeding the Cooling System
CAUTION
If coolant flow becomes restricted or plugged, coolant loss, air
lock or engine damage may result. Most cooling systems are
equipped with a filter that should be periodically inspected or
replaced.
1. Remove the pressure cap and fill the coolant bottle with properly
mixed coolant to the maximum mark.
2. Elevate the front end of the machine slightly to aid in bleeding of the
heat exchangers.
3. Remove the bleed screw from the water outlet manifold and/or the
thermostat housing. Allow the coolant to bleed through the system
until it runs out the bleed holes. Reinstall the bleed screw into the
manifold.
4. Add coolant to the coolant bottle to the maximum mark.
5. Start the engine and run at a fast idle for two to three minutes. Loosen
the bleed screw occasionally to purge any trapped air.
6. Stop the engine and check the coolant bottle level. Fill as required.
7. Feel the heat exchangers under the running boards. If the system is
bled properly, they’ll be warm to the touch. If they’re not, repeat step
5. Lift the front of the machine slightly to assist in the bleeding.
8. Replace the pressure cap and carefully lower the front end of the
machine.
103
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Drive Chain Tension
Check drive chain tension weekly and
before each long trip. To obtain correct
chain tension:
1. Rotate the driven clutch
counterclockwise to move all chain
slack to the tensioner side. Lock
the brake lever lock, or have an
assistant hold the brake lever
firmly.
2. Loosen the adjuster bolt jam
nut (A).
3. Finger tighten the adjuster bolt (B)
until it can no longer be adjusted
by hand, then back off 1/4 turn.
4. Tighten the jam nut while holding
the adjuster bolt.
5. The chain is now tensioned.
Release the brake lever lock.
104
B
A
General Maintenance
n Hydraulic Brake Inspection
MAINTENANCE
Inspect the brake lever
reserve before each use of
the snowmobile.
A
Firmly depress the brake
lever and measure the
clearance between the lever
and handlebar grip. This
distance, called brake lever
reserve (A), should be no less than 1/2″ (1.3 cm).
Brake pads must be replaced when the brake pad material becomes
thinner than the backing plate (approximately 1/16″). A kit is available
for replacing brake pads. See your dealer.
WARNING
Brake failure during operation can result in serious injury or
death. Properly functioning brakes are vital to your safety. Be
sure the brake pads do not drag on the disc and that brake lever
travel is not excessive.
Always replace brake pads when the brake pad material
becomes thinner than the backing plate (approximately 1/16″).
105
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Brake Components
1
2
5
4
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Brake Caliper
Chaincase
Brake Disc
Backing Plate
Brake Pad Material (Replace when thickness is less than 1/16″).
Excessive Lever Travel
Hydraulic brakes are self-adjusting, but if excessive brake pad
clearance develops, as described on page 105, the machine should be
returned to an authorized Polaris dealer for inspection and adjustment.
106
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Brake Fluid
WARNING
After opening a bottle of brake fluid, always discard any unused
portion. Never store or use a partial bottle. Brake fluid is
hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture from the air.
The moisture causes the boiling temperature of the brake fluid to
drop, which can lead to early brake fade and the possibility of
accident or severe injury.
WARNING
Keep the master cylinder cover free of dirt and debris. The vent
slits allow for diaphragm movement, and if they become plugged,
movement of brake fluid below the diaphragm may be restricted,
altering brake function.
CAUTION
Brake fluid will damage decals, paint and some plastics. Always
wipe up spills immediately.
Use only Polaris DOT 3 high temperature brake fluid. See page 134 for
the part numbers of Polaris products.
On some models, the brake fluid level can be seen through a plastic
sight glass in the brake reservoir. If the fluid is sufficient, the sight
glass will be black. If the sight glass is any color other than black, add
brake fluid.
On all other models, frequently check the reservoir to be sure it
contains the correct amount of fluid. To add fluid, remove the master
cylinder reservoir cover. Add Polaris brake fluid to bring the level up
to the top of the fluid level mark on the inside of the reservoir.
107
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Bleeding the Hydraulic Brake System
Air in the hydraulic brake system will cause spongy brake lever action.
Bleed the system before operating the snowmobile.
WARNING
Operating the vehicle with a spongy brake lever can result in loss
of brakes, which could cause an accident and lead to serious
injury or death. Never operate the vehicle with a spongy-feeling
brake lever.
During the bleeding procedure, keep the brake handle as level as
possible. The reservoir must be in this position to minimize the
possibility of air entering the system through the reservoir vent.
1. Remove brake master cylinder reservoir cover and gasket.
2. Fill the master cylinder reservoir to between the MIN and MAX
marks or 1/4-5/16″ (.6-.8 cm) below the lip of the reservoir opening.
Reinstall the gasket and cover.
3. Slip a rubber tube over the ball of the bleeder valve and direct the flow
of fluid into an approved container.
4. Squeeze the brake lever a full stroke. Then unscrew the bleeder valve
3/4 of a turn to release air.
5. Close the bleeder valve and release the brake lever.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 until fluid flows from the bleeder valve in a solid
stream free of air bubbles.
WARNING
Overfilling the master cylinder leaves no room for fluid expansion
and may cause the brakes to lock, resulting in serious injury or
death. Always add brake fluid to the fill line as recommended.
7. After bleeding is complete, refill the reservoir to the proper level. See
page 107.
8. Reinstall the gasket and cover.
108
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Headlight Adjustment
The headlight may be adjusted for
vertical aim using the following
procedure:
1. Place the snowmobile on a level
surface with the headlight
approximately 25 feet (7.6m)
from a wall.
2. Measure the distance from the
floor to the center of the
headlight and make a mark on
the wall.
3. Start the engine and turn the
headlight switch to high beam.
4. Observe the headlight aim. The
most intense part of the headlight
beam should be aimed 2″ (5.1
cm) below the mark placed on
the wall in step 2.
NOTE:
25’ (7.6 m)
Lamp Center
Height
2″ (5.1 cm)
Rider weight must be
included on the seat.
5. Turn the adjustment nut (A),
located inside the hood, just
below the headlamp opening.
Turn the knob in or out as
needed for proper aim.
A
109
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
NOTE:
Do not touch a halogen bulb with bare fingers. Oil from skin
leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that will shorten the life
of the lamp.
Removing Halogen Bulbs
1. Pinch the ends of the spring (1)
together and lift until it releases
2
from the spring retainer.
2. Lift the spring carefully around
the wire harness (2) and flip it to
3
the outside of the housing.
3. With the wire harness attached
1
to the bulb (3), withdraw the
bulb from the housing.
4. Grasp the bulb by its metal base and carefully separate the bulb
from the harness.
Installing Halogen Bulbs
1. Hold the bulb by its metal base and install it into the wire harness.
2. Insert the bulb into the housing.
3. Carefully flip the spring back into the housing, placing it around
the wire harness.
4. Squeeze the spring together until it’s over the spring retainer and
release.
5. Verify headlight aim.
110
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Taillight/Brakelight Replacement
To replace a bulb on most Edge models, remove the taillight lens
screws and remove the lens to access the bulbs.
On models with the adjustable seat bucket:
1. Remove the two sets of
fasteners (1) at the rear
corners of the seat base.
2. Tilt the rear of the seat
upward to access the bulbs
from under the seat.
3. Twist the bulb socket slightly
and pull it from the assembly.
1
4. Replace the bulb and reinstall
the socket into the assembly.
5. Lower the seat and reinstall the fasteners.
6. Test the taillight and brakelights for proper operation.
111
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Clutch System
WARNING
If you become aware of higher than normal clutch engagement or
an unusual vibration or shift pattern, see your dealer immediately.
Do not operate the machine until repairs have been made.
All clutch maintenance and repairs must be performed by an
authorized Polaris dealer. Any unauthorized modifications to
clutches, such as adding or removing weights, will void the
warranty.
CAUTION
The bushings in the weights and rollers of Polaris clutches are
made of a material that may be damaged if lubricated. Do not
lubricate clutch bushings.
Periodically inspect clutch sheaves for damage, wear or belt residue.
To maintain optimum performance, clean with non-oil based cleaners
such as isopropyl alcohol. See page 134 for part numbers of Polaris
products.
Clutch Alignment and Offset
Clutch center distance and alignment (A) are
crucial to maintaining optimum performance.
See your Owner’s Manual Supplement for the
recommended offset between the drive and
driven clutches with the belt removed.
The drive belt is a very important part of the drive
system. Belt width and length must match the center
distance of the clutches and sheave width of the drive
clutch. For this reason, Polaris recommends that
only O.E.M. belts be used. Other belts may match
the dimensions, but can drastically change the shift
pattern, resulting in poor performance. See your
dealer for service and adjustments.
NOTE:
112
A worn belt will continue to function, but
will not deliver maximum performance.
Always carry a spare belt in case of an
emergency.
A
General Maintenance
n Drive Belt Condition
MAINTENANCE
Periodically check the condition and tension of the drive belt, and
always carry a spare. Inspect the belt for signs of excessive wear:
frayed edges, missing cogs, cracks and excessive looseness. Replace
the belt if any of these conditions exist.
For improved drive-away during extremely cold temperatures, remove
the belt and warm it to room temperature. Reinstall it before starting
the snowmobile.
The following procedures apply to standard, electronic reverse and
TEAM driven clutches.
Drive Belt Removal
1. Be sure the key switch is off and the engine has come to a
complete stop. Apply the brake (or lock the parking brake if
equipped).
2. Open the hood, remove the clutch guard retaining pin and open the
clutch guard.
3. Standard Clutch: Skip to step 4.
TEAM Clutch: Locate the L-wrench in the tool kit and install it
into the open threaded hole in the outer sheave of the clutch.
Rotate the wrench until the sheaves open far enough to remove the
belt.
4. Firmly grasp the belt midway
between the clutches and pull
upward and rearward to remove.
See illustration.
113
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Drive Belt Installation
1. Drop the drive belt over the
drive clutch and pull back the
slack (A).
NOTE:
To ensure satisfactory belt
life, install belts so they
operate in the same
direction of rotation by
positioning the
identification numbers so
that you can read them. If
required, separate the
sheaves as outlined in the
belt removal procedures.
A
B
2. Turn the driven clutch moveable
sheave clockwise while pushing
inward and forcing the belt
down between the sheaves.
3. Hold the belt down between the
sheaves and roll the bottom
portion over the outer clutch sheave (B). Work the belt to the outer
edge of the sheave.
4. Standard Clutch: Skip to step 5.
TEAM Clutch: Rotate the L-wrench to tighten the sheaves.
Remove the wrench and store in the tool kit.
5. Close the clutch guard and reinstall the retaining pin.
6. Close and secure the hood and release the parking brake.
114
General Maintenance
n Drive Belt Deflection
Measure belt deflection with both
clutches at rest and in their full
neutral position.
Place a straight edge on the belt (A)
and apply downward pressure while
measuring at point B. This
measurement should be 1 1/4”.
MAINTENANCE
A
B
Drive Belt Adjustment
Standard Clutch
Belt deflection can be adjusted without removing the clutch from the
jackshaft.
1. Pull the belt into the driven clutch to slightly open the sheaves.
2. Loosen the three bolts on the adjustment cam and turn the cam
counterclockwise to reduce the distance between the sheaves. Do
not rotate past the #1 position.
3. Torque the bolts to 4-6 ft. lbs. (5.4-8 Nm).
TEAM Clutch
1. Loosen the 7/16” jam nut on the belt width adjuster.
2. Using a 1/8” Allen wrench, adjust the threaded set screw as
needed.
NOTE:
Turn the set screw in (clockwise) to increase the distance
between the sheaves and out (counterclockwise) to decrease
the distance.
3. Tighten the jam nut.
Clutch Center Distance
See your Owner’s Manual Supplement for recommended center
distance for your machine. If adjustment is necessary, see your dealer.
Due to tolerances in belt length, it may be necessary for your dealer to
make minor adjustments in the driven clutch to achieve correct belt
tension.
115
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Torque Stop
If your snowmobile is equipped
with an engine torque stop (1),
periodically check torque stop
clearance. With clutches in
proper alignment, the torque stop
clearance should be a minimum
of .010″ to a maximum of .030″
from the engine case (2). Adjust
if necessary, and lock the jam
nut.
2
1
Reverse Kit Maintenance
If your snowmobile is equipped with reverse, or if you have a reverse
kit installed, it’s especially important to maintain track tension as
specified on page 120.
WARNING
Improper track tension can cause serious damage to the
snowmobile, which can result in loss of vehicle control and
serious injury or death. Always maintain the track tension as
specified.
Allow the engine to reach idle speed before attempting to shift into or
out of reverse.
CAUTION
Damage will occur to chaincase or transmission if shifting is
attempted before the machine has come to a complete stop.
Make sure the snowmobile has completely stopped and the
engine has returned to idle speed before shifting gears.
116
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Tool Kit
A tool kit is included with each
1
machine for emergency and
routine maintenance. Your tool kit
will contain only the tools
applicable to your model.
1. Emergency Start Strap
4
(manual start models)
5
2. Phillips Screwdriver
3. Tubular Socket
4. Tubular Socket Handle
5. Wrench
6
6. Flat Screwdriver
7. Scissor Stop Wrench (Edge Models)
8. Adjuster Wrench (M-10 Models)
9. Box End Wrench
9
Always keep the tool kit with the snowmobile.
2
3
7
8
If necessary, a replacement tool kit may be purchased from your Polaris
dealer.
Chain Tension
Maintain the proper chain tension as outlined on page 104.
Oil Level
Maintain the oil level between the safe marks as indicated on the oil
bottle (see page 72).
117
MAINTENANCE
General Maintenance
Fall Tune-Up
For maximum performance, arrange for a fall service tune-up with your
Polaris dealer. His experienced and trained service technician will keep
your machine in peak operating condition.
Maintenance Items
The tools and maintenance items mentioned in this book, as well as a
long line of other Polaris accessories, are available at your Polaris
dealer.
118
Track Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Track Inspection
WARNING
Broken track rods are a serious safety hazard. They can cause a
rotating track to come off the machine, which could cause serious
injury or death. Never operate with a damaged track. Never
rotate a damaged track under power.
21 3
Using a hoist, safely lift and support the
1 2
rear of the snowmobile off the ground.
Rotate the track by hand to check for
possible damage.
Carefully examine the track along the
entire length of each rod, bending the
track and inspecting for breakage. The
three most common damage areas are
shown in the illustration.
Replace the track if any rod damage is
found.
Track Lubrication
WARNING
Operating with insufficient lubrication between the Hi-fax and
track guide clips can cause track failure, loss of vehicle control
and loss of braking ability, which can result in serious injury or
death.
Avoid operating for extended periods on ice and other surfaces
that have little or no snow for lubrication.
The slide rail requires adequate snow cover for sufficient lubrication.
Excessive wear indicates insufficient lubrication. A new Hi-fax can
cause faster heat build-up in limited lubrication, resulting in excessive
wear.
NOTE:
If excessive Hi-fax wear occurs due to poor snow conditions,
additional wheel kits are available. See your dealer for more
information.
NOTE:
Track damage or failure caused by operation on ice or under
other poor lubrication conditions will void the track warranty.
119
MAINTENANCE
Track Maintenance
WARNING
Moving parts can cut and crush body parts. When performing the
checks and adjustments recommended on the following pages,
stay clear of all moving parts. Never perform track measurement
or adjustments with the engine running.
Track Tension
Track adjustment is critical for proper handling. Always maintain
correct tension and alignment.
Tension adjustments should be made only after the track is warmed up
and limber.
1. Turn the machine off.
2. Lift the rear of the machine and safely support it off the ground.
3. Place the recommended weight or downward pressure on the track
at the specified distance (see chart on page 121) ahead of the center
of the rear idler wheel.
NOTE:
Measure at the point where the weight is hanging.
4. Check for specified slack between the wear surface of the track clip
and the plastic Hi-fax (C).
120
MAINTENANCE
Track Maintenance
Track Tension
If the track needs adjustment:
5. Loosen the rear idler shaft
bolt (D).
6. Loosen the locknuts (A).
7. Tighten or loosen the
track adjusting screws (B)
as necessary to provide
equal adjustment on both
sides of the track.
8. Repeat the measurement on
the other side of the track.
NOTE:
Hi-fax
B A
Weight
C
D
Track
Check more frequently when the machine is new.
9. Start the machine and slowly rotate the track at least five
revolutions. Let the track come to a stop (do not apply brakes).
10. Check track alignment (see page 122) and adjust as necessary.
11. Tighten the locknuts (A).
12. Tighten the idler shaft bolts (D) and torque to 35 ft. lbs. (47.5 Nm).
Track Tension Data
Suspension
Weight
Measurement
Location
Measurement
Edge
10 lbs. (4.54 kg)
16″ ahead of rear
idler shaft
3/8 - 1/2″
(1 - 1.3 cm)
M-10
10 lbs. (4.54 kg)
16″ ahead of rear
idler shaft
7/8″ - 1 1/8″
(2.2 - 2.9 cm)
M-10 ACE
10 lbs. (4.54 kg)
16″ ahead of rear
idler shaft
7/8″ - 1 1/8″
(2.2 - 2.9 cm)
121
MAINTENANCE
Track Maintenance
n Track Alignment
Periodically check that the track is
centered and running evenly on the
slide rails. Misalignment will cause
excessive wear to the track and slide
rail.
1. Safely support the rear of the
machine with the track off the
ground.
2. Start the engine and apply a small
amount of throttle until the track
turns slowly at least five complete
revolutions. Stop the engine and
A
let the track come to a stop (do not
apply brakes).
3. Inspect track alignment by looking
through the track window to make
sure the rails (A) are evenly
spaced on each side. If the track runs to the left, loosen left
locknut and tighten the left adjusting bolt. If the track runs to the
right, loosen right locknut and tighten the right adjusting bolt.
4. After adjustments are complete, tighten locknuts and torque idler
shaft bolts to 35 ft. lbs. (47.5 Nm).
5. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to verify proper alignment.
122
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
Steering Inspection and Adjustment
Each week, or before a long ride, check fasteners and tighten if
necessary. Specific fasteners that should be checked are marked with a
+ in the illustration.
+ +
+
+
+
+
+
123
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
Ski Alignment
WARNING
Improper ski alignment or adjustment may cause loss of steering
control, resulting in serious injury or death. Do not attempt to
change the ski alignment or camber adjustment. See your
Polaris dealer.
With the handlebars in a straight ahead position, and with vehicle
weight compressing the suspension, measure from the straight edge of
the skis at the center of the ski mounting bolt. The measurement
between the skis at point X should be 1/8″ to 1/4″ greater than the
measurement at point Y.
NOTE:
If the skis are misaligned, we recommend that your dealer
correct the alignment, since camber adjustment may also be
affected.
X
10″
10″
Y
124
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
n Ski Skags
WARNING
Worn skis and/or skags will adversely affect handling. Loss of
vehicle control may result, causing serious injury or death.
See your dealer’s studding chart for recommended skags. If you
install longer or more aggressive carbide skags than the original
equipment, it may also be necessary to add track studs to
maintain proper vehicle control while turning on hard-packed
snow or ice.
Check skags before each use of the snowmobile to ensure positive
steering characteristics. Skags must be replaced when worn to half their
original diameter.
NOTE:
Carbide skags must be replaced if any abnormal wear or
chipping is found.
Skag Replacement
1. Raise and support the front of the machine so the skis are
approximately 6″ (15.2 cm) from the ground.
2. Remove the attaching nuts and pry the skag (A) downward.
3. Remove the forward portion of the skag.
Reverse this procedure for new skag installation.
A
125
MAINTENANCE
Suspension Maintenance
n Hi-Fax Wear
Check Hi-fax wear by
measuring the thickness at
several points along the rail
(A). Replace Hi-fax when a
thickness of 7/16″ (1.1 cm)
is reached. Take the machine
to your dealer for Hi-fax
replacement.
A
A
7/16″ (1.1 cm)
126
Suspension Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
Loose nuts and bolts can reduce your snowmobile’s reliability and
cause needless repairs and down time. Before beginning any
snowmobile trip, a visual inspection will uncover potential problems.
Check the following items on a weekly basis or before any long trip:
n Check suspension mounting bolts for tightness.
n Check rear idler wheel bolts for tightness. See page 121 for torque
specs.
n Check rear idler adjusting bolt locknuts for tightness.
n Check front torque arm limiter strap condition.
n Check slide rail, Hi-fax condition greatly affects performance.
Have your dealer replace when worn to minimum thickness.
n Check track tension (beginning on page 121).
n Lubricate/grease all suspension components (see page 87).
n Check ski runner/skag condition.
n Check ski spindle bolts for tightness.
n Check tie rod end nuts for tightness.
Extended Storage
Off-season or extended storage of your snowmobile requires preventive
measures to aid against deterioration and to prolong the useful life of
many components.
Cleaning and Preservation
Proper storage starts with cleaning, washing, and waxing the hood,
chassis, and plastic parts. Wipe down remaining surfaces with a damp
cloth. Clean and touch up with paint any rusted or previously painted
surfaces. Be sure that corrosive salt and acids are removed from
surfaces before beginning preservation with waxes and rust inhibitors
(grease, oil or paint).
The machine should be stored in a dry garage or shed, out of direct
sunlight, and covered with a fabric snowmobile cover. Plastic tarp may
cause condensation to form and damage snowmobile components.
Controls and Linkage
All bushings, spindle shafts, tie rod ends, and cables should receive a
light coat of oil or grease.
127
MAINTENANCE
Extended Storage
Bearings
Grease the jackshaft and drive shaft clutch side bearings with Polaris
Premium All-Season Grease or a similar high quality grease to prevent
corrosion. See page 134 for part numbers.
Clutch and Drive System
Remove the drive belt and store in a cool dry location. Lubricate the
sheave faces of the drive and driven clutches with a light coat of oil or
Polaris Cable Lubricant. See page 134 for part numbers. Do not
lubricate clutch components, except the driven clutch shaft bushing as
outlined in the Master Repair Manual. See your dealer.
Engine and Carburetor Protection
Proper preparation of the engine and fuel system is vital to the
prevention of rust and corrosion on precision engine parts during
storage. Whenever the machine is stored for a period of more than 60
days,the engine must be fogged with fogging oil. Follow the engine
fogging instructions provided on the can. See page 134.
Always add Premium Carbon Clean or a fuel conditioner/stabilizer to
the fuel tank. See page 134 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Follow the instructions on the can, running the engine for five minutes
to get additives through the entire fuel system. Top off with fresh fuel.
HINT: For easier starting after extended storage, add lubricant to the
fuel in the tank at a 40:1 ratio and run the engine for three to five
minutes before storage. This will lubricate the fuel pump diaphragm to
keep it flexible and help prevent loss of prime.
If stabilizer is not used, drain the carburetors by removing the water
trap drain plugs (see page 97). Catch fuel in a container or shop cloth.
Reinstall plugs securely. Observe all fire safety rules when draining
carburetors. See gasoline warnings on page 69.
Jet restriction caused by improper storage can cause lean conditions
and very poor slow speed driving quality.
128
Extended Storage
MAINTENANCE
Engine and Carburetor Protection
Using a fuel stabilizer and topping off the fuel tank eliminates the need
to drain the fuel system. If you prefer to drain the fuel tank, use the
following procedure:
1. Transfer unused fuel from the fuel tank to an approved fuel container
using a siphon pump. Do not re-use fuel after storage.
2. Securely support the front of the snowmobile with a jack stand so the
machine is elevated and the engine is tilted rearward.
3. Remove the spark plug(s).
4. Rotate the engine slowly, watching the piston until it’s at bottom dead
center (BDC), the lowest position in the cylinder. On twin cylinder
models, the opposite piston will be up.
5. Pour approximately two ounces of Polaris injector oil into the spark
plug hole.
6. Wait one to two minutes and perform steps 3-5 on remaining
cylinders.
7. Replace the spark plugs and lower the machine to the floor.
Electrical Connections
Separate electrical connector blocks and clean corrosive build-up from
connectors. Lubricate or pack connector blocks with dielectric grease
and re-connect. See page 134 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Replace worn or frayed electrical wire and connectors. Be sure wiring
harness is properly secured away from sharp edges, steering linkage,
moving parts, and hot exhaust parts.
Battery
Always prepare and maintain the battery as outlined on page 131.
129
MAINTENANCE
Extended Storage
Track and Suspension
Moderate track tension should be maintained
during summer storage. The machine should
be supported off the ground to allow the track
to hang freely. See illustration.
Transporting the Snowmobile
Whenever the snowmobile is transported:
1. Turn the fuel valve clockwise to OFF to shut off the fuel supply
(1). Turn the valve counter-clockwise to ON to turn the fuel supply
on (2).
NOTE:
The fuel valve is located under the hood of your machine.
2. Be sure the fuel cap and
oil cap are installed
correctly.
3. Always tie the
snowmobile to the
transporting unit securely
using suitable straps.
130
1
2
Battery
MAINTENANCE
Battery Fluid
WARNING
Battery electrolyte is poisonous. It contains acid! Serious burns
can result from contact with the skin, eyes, or clothing. If contact
occurs, seek immediate medical attention.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
EXTERNAL: Flush with water.
INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Call physician
immediately.
EYES: Flush with water for 15 minutes and get prompt medical
attention.
Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep sparks, open flames,
cigarettes, etc. away. Ventilate when charging or using in closed
space. Always shield eyes when working near batteries.
A poorly maintained battery will
deteriorate rapidly. Check the battery
fluid level often. The fluid level should
be kept between the upper (1) and lower
(2) level marks.
1
2
131
MAINTENANCE
Battery
Battery Connections
Keep battery terminals and connections free of corrosion. When
cleaning is necessary, remove the corrosion with a stiff wire brush.
Wash terminals and connections with a solution of one tablespoon
baking soda and one cup water. Rinse well with tap water and dry with
clean shop towels. Coat the terminals with dielectric grease or
petroleum jelly.
CAUTION
Tap water contains minerals that will damage a battery and
shorten its life. Use only distilled water to refill your battery.
Never allow cleaning solution or tap water to enter the battery.
Battery Removal
WARNING
Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result
in an explosion and cause serious injury or death. When
removing the battery, always disconnect the negative (black)
cable first. When reinstalling the battery, always connect the
negative (black) cable last.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Disconnect battery hold down straps.
Remove battery vent tube from battery.
Disconnect black (negative) battery cable first.
Disconnect red (positive) battery cable second.
Carefully lift the battery out of the snowmobile. Do not tip it
sideways or spill electrolyte.
CAUTION
If electrolyte spills, immediately wash it off with a solution of one
tablespoon baking soda and one cup water to prevent damage to
the vehicle.
132
MAINTENANCE
Battery
Battery Installation
WARNING
Batteries contain gases that can explode. If the battery vent tube
is pinched or kinked, battery gases could accumulate. Whenever
removing or installing the battery, disconnect the negative (black)
cable first and reinstall the negative cable last to avoid the
possibility of explosion.
Battery electrolyte contains acid. Avoid skin contact with
electrolyte as severe burns may result.
1. Place the battery in its holder. Attach the hold down strap.
2. Install the battery vent line. It must be free from obstructions and
securely installed. Route the vent line properly to prevent kinks and to
allow for proper drainage.
3. Connect and tighten the red (positive) cable first.
4. Connect and tighten the black (negative) cable last.
5. Verify that cables and vent hose are properly routed.
Battery Storage
When your snowmobile is placed in storage for one month or more:
S Remove the battery.
S Charge it to the proper level.
S Store it in a cool dry place.
S Check and/or charge monthly.
Before using the battery, take it to your dealer for testing and
recharging.
Batteries may freeze if not fully charged, resulting in cell damage.
Charge Condition:
Will Freeze At:
100%
-75° F
(-59° C)
75%
-24° F
(-31° C)
50%
0° F
(-18° C)
25%
+13° F (-11° C)
0%
+18° F (-8° C)
133
POLARIS PRODUCTS
Part No.
Description
Engine Lubricants
2870791
Fogging Oil (12 oz. Aerosol)
2871098
Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.)
2871097
Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.)
2871240
Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.)
2871721
Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.)
2871722
Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.)
2872347
Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.)
2874438
VES II Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.)
2874439
VES II Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.)
2874443
VES II Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.)
Chaincase Lubricants
2873105
Synthetic Chaincase Lubricant (qt.)
2872951
Synthetic Chaincase Lubricant (12 oz.)
Grease / Specialized Lubricants
2871312
Grease Gun Kit, Premium All Season (3 oz.)
2871322
Premium All Season Grease (3 oz. cartridge)
2871423
Premium All Season Grease (14 oz. cartridge)
2871329
Dielectric Grease (Nyogelt)
Coolant
2871323
Anitfreeze, 60/40 Premix (gal.)
2871534
Anitfreeze, 60/40 Premix (qt.)
Additives / Miscellaneous
2871326
Carbon Clean Plus (12 oz.)
2870652
Fuel Stabilizer (16 oz.)
2870990
DOT3 Brake Fluid (12 oz.)
2872893
Engine Degreaser (12 oz.)
2870505
Isopropyl
2872889
Brake and Clutch Cleaner
2872890
Carb and Throttle Body Cleaner
134
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Troubleshooting
CAUTION: Unless you have experience and training in two-cycle
engine repair, see your dealer if technical problems arise.
Problem
Probable Cause
Solution
Erratic engine
operating RPM
during acceleration or load
variations
Drive clutch binding
-Disassemble drive clutch to inspect shift
weights for wear and free operation.
SEE YOUR DEALER.
-Clean and polish stationary shaft hub.
Driven clutch
malfunction
-Replace ramp buttons and rollers.
SEE YOUR DEALER.
-Inspect movable sheaves for excessive
bushing clearance and replace if necessary.
SEE YOUR DEALER.
Harsh drive
clutch
engagement
Drive belt worn or
too narrow
-Replace drive belt.
Excessive belt/sheave
clearance
-SEE YOUR DEALER.
Drive belt turns
over
Wrong belt for
application
-Replace drive belt.
Clutch alignment out
of spec
-Adjust alignment offset.
Engine mount broken -Inspect and adjust or replace.
SEE YOUR DEALER.
or loose
Machine fails to
move
Clutch jammed
-Belt twisted, spring broken, weights stuck,
lubricated. SEE YOUR DEALER.
Track jammed
-Foreign object caught or Hi-fax melted to
track clips due to lack of lubrication.
-Machine may be frozen to ground. Track
may be iced up.
Chaincase sprocket or -Chain is loose or broken, chain tightener is
chain jammed or bro- loose. SEE YOUR DEALER.
ken
135
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Troubleshooting
Problem
Noise in drive
system
Probable Cause
Solution
Broken drive clutch
components
-SEE YOUR DEALER.
Bearing failure/
chaincase, jackshaft,
or front drive shaft
-SEE YOUR DEALER.
Drive belt surface flat
spots
-Inspect and replace if necessary.
Drive chain loose or
worn, sprocket teeth
broken
-Inspect and adjust or replace.
Worn drive belt
-Inspect and replace if necessary.
Excessive belt/sheave
clearance
-SEE YOUR DEALER.
Loose torque stop
-Inspect and adjust.
Sticky clutch
-SEE YOUR DEALER.
Engine doesn’t
start (electric
start models)
Wire connections
-SEE YOUR DEALER.
Engine doesn’t
turn
Seized engine
-SEE YOUR DEALER. Seizure is a result
of poor lubrication, inadequate fuel supply,
broken parts, or improper cooling.
Hydrostatic lock
-Fuel may have entered crankcase while
vehicle was standing or being transported.
SEE YOUR DEALER to correct cause.
Drain plug(s) are located on lower crankcase for emergency draining.
Poor low RPM
performance
136
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Troubleshooting
Problem
Engine turns
but fails to start
Probable Cause
Solution
Faulty ignition
-Remove spark plug(s) and replace with
new plug(s). If engine still fails to start,
check for spark; if no spark SEE YOUR
DEALER.
No fuel to engine
-Make sure the fuel valve is “ON”. Check
tank level and fill up with correct fuel.
-Ice in fuel line, filter, or pump. On the
standard Polaris carburetor, the choke will
not function with the throttle depressed.
See second item under “Probable Cause” of
“Engine continually backfires”.
Flooded engine (normal situation caused
by too much choke)
-Hold throttle open, crank engine several
times (may be necessary to change plug(s),
however, the plug(s) may operate satisfactorily when dried).
Poor engine
compression
-Running too lean a mixture (too small a
main jet will cause seizure resulting in loss
of power). SEE YOUR DEALER. This
indicates a major engine problem that must
be repaired before engine is run.
Fouled or defective
spark plug
-Change and test operation.
Fuel filter (loss of
high RPM power)
-Check fuel filter flow. Disconnect hose
and drain about 1/2 cup. Fuel flow should
be steady and encompass the entire diameter of fuel line. If not, replace filter.
Incorrect clutching
-SEE YOUR DEALER.
Carburetor and fuel
pump
-There’s no adjustment to change power
output. SEE YOUR DEALER.
Engine
continually
backfires
Faulty plug(s)
-Change plug(s)
Carburetor
-Dirt or ice in fuel system. (Deicer should
be added to non-ethanol fuel at all times for
assurance against fuel line icing.)
Engine requires
more than
normal pulls to
start
Poor gasoline or not
-Replace with fresh winter fuel.
enough fuel getting to
engine
Engine lacks
power
137
TROUBLESHOOTING
Edge Suspension Troubleshooting
Problem
Solution (perform only one change at a time)
Rear suspension
bottoms too easily
-Increase torsion spring preload
-Increase rear shock compression damping by turning screw
clockwise
-Increase torsion spring wire diameter (see your dealer)
Rides too stiff in
rear
-Check for binding suspension shafts and grease all pivot points
-Decrease torsion spring preload adjustments
-Decrease rear shock compression valving by turning screw
counterclockwise (if equipped with optional Indy Select shock)
-Change to lighter valving if (if equipped with Fox™ shocks)
-Check for proper track tension
Machine darts from
side to side
-Make sure skis are aligned properly
-Make sure spindles and all steering components are free turning
-Make sure skags are straight on skis
-Check Hi-fax and replace if worn
-Reduce ski pressure:
SReduce IFS spring preload
SReduce rear torsion spring preload
Front end pushes
-Check for worn skags
-Check for binding suspension shafts and grease all pivot points
-Increase IFS spring preload by adjusting cam or threaded adjuster
-Decrease front limiter strap length
Steering is heavy
-Check ski alignment
-Check skags and skis for damage
-Reduce ski pressure:
SIncrease front track spring preload
SReduce IFS spring preload by adjusting cam
SReduce rear torsion spring preload
Setting up for deep
snow operation
-Change worn Hi-fax
-Move front track shock assembly to upper position
138
TROUBLESHOOTING
M-10 Suspension Troubleshooting
Problem
Solution (perform only one change at a time)
Rear suspension
bottoms too easily
- Increase FRA position (see setup decal under hood for initial
position
- Increase X-over tube length (see setup decal under hood)
- Increase rear track shock coil spring preload
- Increase front track shock coil spring preload
- Change to optional stiff rear track shock compression spring
(see your dealer)
- Revalve rear track shock compression damping
(see your dealer)
- Check track tension
Rides too stiff in
rear
- Decrease FRA position (see setup decal under hood)
- Decrease rear track shock coil spring preload
- Change to optional soft rear track shock compression spring
(see your dealer)
- Revalve rear track shock compression damping
(see your dealer)
- Check track tension
Machine darts from
side to side
- Make sure skis are aligned properly
- Make sure spindles and all steering components turn freely
- Make sure skags are straight on skis
- Increase IFS preload
- Ensure use of Accu-Trakt dual skags
Front end pushes
- Check for worn skags
- Check for binding suspension shafts and grease all pivot points
- Increase front IFS preload
- Shorten front limiter strap
Steering is heavy
- Check ski alignment
- Check skags and skis for damage
- Decrease IFS preload
- Make sure spindles and all steering components turn freely
139
TROUBLESHOOTING
M-10 ACE Suspension Troubleshooting
Problem
Solution (perform only one change at a time)
Rear suspension
bottoms too easily
- Increase M-10 ACE position (see setup decal under hood for
initial position)
- Increase rear track shock coil spring preload
- Revalve rear track shock compression damping
(see your dealer)
- Check track tension
Rides too stiff in
rear
- Decrease M-10 ACE position (see setup decal under hood)
- Decrease rear track shock spring preload collar spacing
- Revalve rear track shock compression damping
(see your dealer)
- Check track tension
Machine darts from
side to side
- Make sure skis are aligned properly
- Make sure spindles and all steering components turn freely
- Make sure skags are straight on skis
- Increase IFS preload
- Ensure use of Accu-Trakt dual skags
Front end pushes
- Check for worn skags
- Check for binding suspension shafts and grease all pivot points
- Increase front IFS preload
- Shorten front limiter strap
Steering is heavy
- Check ski alignment
- Check skags and skis for damage
- Decrease IFS preload
- Make sure spindles and all suspension components turn freely
140
Belt Troubleshooting
TROUBLESHOOTING
Belt Wear/Burn Diagnosis
Causes
Solutions
Driving at low RPM
Drive at higher RPMs. Gear the machine down. Check belt
deflection.
Insufficient warm-up
Warm the engine at least five minutes. Take the drive belt off
the machine in extremely cold weather and warm it up.
Break machine loose from the snow.
Towing at low RPM
Do not tow in deep snow. Use fast, aggressive throttle to
engage clutch.
Riding with high RPM
and slow speed (8000
RPM/10 MPH)
Lower the gear ratio. Remove windage plates from the
clutch. Reduce RPM. Avoid riding in high ambient
temperatures.
Ice and snow build-up
between track and
tunnel
Warm the engine at least five minutes. Take the drive belt off
the machine in extremely cold weather and warm it up.
Break machine loose from the snow.
Poor engine
performance
Check for carb and choke synchronization, fouled plugs,
debris in the carbs, and water, ice, or dirt in gas tank or fuel
line.
Loading machines onto
trailers
Skis may gouge into trailers and prevent the drivetrain from
spinning properly. Use enough speed to drive the machine
completely onto the trailer. Push and pull it to finish
loading if necessary.
Clutch malfunction
Inspect clutch components. See your dealer.
Slow, easy clutch engagement
Use fast, aggressive throttle to engage clutch.
141
WARRANTY
Service And Warranty Information
Obtaining Service and Warranty Assistance
Read and understand the service data and the Polaris warranty
information contained in this manual. Contact your Polaris dealer for
replacement parts, service or warranty. Your dealer receives frequent
updates on changes, modifications and tips on snowmobile
maintenance, which may supersede information contained in this
manual. Your dealer is also familiar with Polaris policies and
procedures and will be happy to assist you.
When contacting us about parts, service, or warranty, always provide
the following information:
1. Serial number 5. Details of trouble experienced
2. Model number 6. Length of time and conditions of operation
3. Dealer name
7. Previous correspondence
4. Date of purchase
Use the page provided near the front of your Owner’s Manual to record
the identification numbers of your snowmobile and its engine.
Polaris Customer Service
United States: 1-763-417-8650
Canada: 1-204-925-7100
Polaris Anti-Theft System
The Polaris anti-theft system (PATS) monitoring program is designed
to aid owners of registered snowmobiles in recovery of stolen
machines.
Administration
1. Polaris snowmobile owner reports theft.
A. In addition to notifying the proper law enforcement officials, the owner must call Polaris Customer Service.
B. Owners must provide their name, address, telephone number and the model and serial number of stolen machines.
2. Polaris warranty will provide all dealerships with a monthly
updated list of all stolen units to further monitor thefts.
3. Polaris warranty will aid in notifying the proper owner when a unit
is recovered.
142
Limited Warranty
WARRANTY
Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, provides a ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris snowmobile against defects in
material or workmanship. This warranty covers the parts and labor charges for repair or
replacement of defective parts that are covered by this warranty. The warranty begins on
the date of purchase. This warranty is transferrable to another consumer, during the warranty period, through a Polaris dealer.
Registration
At the time of sale, the Warranty Registration Form must be completed by your dealer
and submitted to Polaris within ten days. Upon receipt of this registration, Polaris will
record the registration for warranty. No verification of registration will be sent to the
purchaser as the copy of the Warranty Registration Form will be the warranty entitlement. If you have not signed the original registration and received the customer copy,
please contact your dealer immediately. NO WARRANTY COVERAGE WILL BE
ALLOWED UNLESS THE SNOWMOBILE IS REGISTERED WITH POLARIS.
Initial dealer preparation and set-up of your snowmobile is very important in ensuring
trouble-free operation. Purchasing a snowmobile in the crate or without proper dealer
set-up will void your warranty coverage.
Warranty Coverage and Exclusions
Limitations of warranties and remedies
This warranty excludes any failures not caused by a defect in material or workmanship.
The warranty does not cover accidental damage, normal wear and tear, abuse or improper
handling. The warranty also does not cover any snowmobile that has been structurally
altered, neglected, improperly maintained, used for racing or used for purposes other
than for which it was manufactured. The warranty does not cover any damages that occur during trailer transit or as a result of unauthorized service or parts. In addition, this
warranty does not cover physical damage to paint or finish, stress cracks, tearing or puncturing of upholstery material, corrosion or defects in parts, components or the snowmobile due to fire, explosions or any other cause beyond Polaris’ control.
This warranty does not cover the use of unauthorized lubricants, chemicals, or fuels that
are not compatible with the snowmobile.
The exclusive remedy for breach of this warranty shall be, at Polaris’ exclusive option,
repair or replacement of any defective materials, or components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL
HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL
OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY DESCRIPTION, WHETHER ARISING OUT OF
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE, OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE. Some states do not permit the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or implied warranties, so the
above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling
state law.
143
WARRANTY
Limitations of warranties and remedies
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE ABOVE ONE YEAR
WARRANTY PERIOD. POLARIS FURTHER DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations
on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you if
inconsistent with controlling state law.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
If your snowmobile requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer authorized to repair Polaris snowmobiles. When requesting warranty service you must present
your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer. (The cost of transportation to
and from the dealer is YOUR responsibility). Polaris recommends that you use your
original selling dealer; however, you may use any Polaris Servicing Dealer to perform
warranty service.
Please work with your dealer to resolve any warranty issues. Your dealer will contact the
appropriate personnel at Polaris if additional assistance is needed.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
If any of the above terms are void because of state or federal law, all other warranty terms
will remain in effect.
Engine Oil
1. Mixing oil brands or using non-recommended oil may cause engine damage. We
recommend the use of Polaris engine oil.
2. Damage resulting from the use of non-recommended lubricants may not be covered
by warranty.
144
WARRANTY
Conditions and Exclusions
In order to qualify for warranty, the product must have been properly set up and tested by
a Polaris Dealer (if applicable). Failure of any dealer to perform the required vehicle Pre-Delivery Inspection, perform all applicable service bulletins and have the consumer sign
the PDI form prior to delivery may void the warranty. Failure to provide proof of required periodic maintenance upon request may result in denial of warranty coverage. Use
of the recommended Polaris products for lubrication and maintenance as directed by the
Owner’s manual is highly recommended. Should a failure occur during the warranty
period resulting from the use of non-recommended products, warranty coverage may be
denied.
Warranty does not apply to parts exposed to friction surfaces, stresses, environmental
conditions and/or contamination. The following items are excluded from warranty consideration if the failure was due to wear or not the direct result of a defect:
Skis
Ski wear rods
Tracks
Slide rails
Suspension components
Finished and unfinished surfaces
Brake components
Carburetor/Throttle body components
Seat components
Engine components
Clutches and components
Drive belts
Steering components
Hydraulic components
Batteries
Circuit breakers/Fuses
Light bulbs/Sealed beam lamps
Electronic components
Idler wheels
Warranty applies to the product only and does not allow for coverage of personal loss.
Some items are considered “consumable,” meaning they are considered part of normal
maintenance or part of completing an effective repair. The following items are excluded
from warranty coverage in the event of a warranty claim:
Spark Plugs
Lubricants such as oil, grease, etc.
Filters
Batteries (unless defective)
Fuel
Cosmetic damage/repair
Sealants
Coolants
Hotel fees
Meals
Towing charges
Shipping/ handling fees
Mileage
Product pick-up/delivery
Rentals/Loss of product use Loss of vacation/personal time
This warranty also excludes failures resulting from improper lubrication; improper engine timing; improper fuel; surface imperfections caused by external stress, heat, cold or
contamination; operator error or abuse; improper component alignment, tension, adjustment or altitude compensation; failure due to snow, water, dirt or other foreign substance
ingestion/contamination; improper maintenance; modified components; use of aftermarket components resulting in failure; unauthorized repairs; repairs made after the warranty
period expires or by an unauthorized repair center; use of the product in competition or
for commercial purposes. Warranty will not apply to any product which has been damaged by abuse, accident, fire or any other casualty not determined a defect of materials or
workmanship.
145
WARRANTY
Polaris Second Year Engine Service Contract
Second Year Engine Service Contract is standard on all eligible new and unused
snowmobiles that were Snow Checked through an authorized Polaris dealer during the
March/April Snow Check promotion. The free Second Year Engine Service Contract is
honored by all authorized Polaris snowmobile dealers in North America and is
transferable 120 days after the original purchase date, free of charge, through any Polaris
snowmobile dealer. Coverage on Snow Check units is automatic. Although you do not
receive a warranty card, your dealership should have printed a copy of the warranty
registration form. This form is your proof of warranty.
Consumer Exclusions
S Each repair visit after the first twelve months of standard warranty coverage is subject
to a $50 deductible.
S The free Second Year Engine Service Contract applies to the first 5,000 miles or two
(2) calendar years from date of purchase, whichever comes first. Tampering with the
odometer shall void all warranties/service contracts. No extensions to coverage under
this engine service contract can be given. Used snowmobiles are not eligible under
this program.
S Snowmobiles used for commercial purposes or for racing are excluded from coverage.
Coverage
Coverage for second year engine failures due to defects in materials and workmanship
will be determined by Polaris in its sole discretion. Coverage is automatic with no
additional paperwork required. The free Second Year Engine Service Contract is subject
to a $50 deductible per visit. Regular, documented service maintenance visits are
required to validate this warranty.
A partial list of items excluded from coverage includes:
S Damage due to accident, fire, explosion, theft, or other causes beyond Polaris’ control.
S Damage caused by the failure of other components of the snowmobile.
S Failures caused by improper fuel or oil.
S Piston seizures, unless caused by a defective engine component.
S Failures caused due to improper adjustments.
S Failure due to unauthorized service.
S Failures due to lack of service as required in the owner’s manual or Polaris updates.
This includes off-season storage as listed in the owner’s manual.
S Failure due to use of unauthorized parts or modifications.
S Normal wear parts, including but not limited to spark plugs, hoses, batteries, controls,
and recoil ropes are excluded from coverage. Gaskets are covered, as are intake and
exhaust manifolds excluding paint coverage.
S Electrical coverage is limited to the ECU box, coils, stator plate, and sensors. Wiring
and other electrical components are excluded from coverage.
S Cooling system coverage is limited to the water pump assembly and components, fan,
fan bearings, temperature sensor, gasket and seals.
S Non wear related throttle body parts are covered. The fuel pump is covered.
S Clutches and related clutch parts, including but not limited to, the drive belt, are excluded from coverage.
S Electrical components are excluded from coverage.
S Gearcases and transmissions are excluded from coverage.
146
Exported Vehicles
WARRANTY
EXCEPT WHERE SPECIFICALLY REQUIRED BY LAW, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OR SERVICE BULLETIN COVERAGE ON THIS VEHICLE IF IT IS SOLD
OUTSIDE THE COUNTRY OF THE SELLING DEALER’S AUTHORIZED LOCATION.
This policy does not apply to vehicles that have received authorization for export from
Polaris Industries. Dealers may not give authorization for export. You should consult an
authorized dealer to determine this vehicle’s warranty or service bulletin coverage if you
have any questions.
This policy does not apply to vehicles registered to government officials or military personnel on assignment outside the country of the selling dealer’s authorized location.
This policy does not apply to Safety Recalls.
How to Get Service
In the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs must be done by an authorized Polaris dealer. If you
move or are traveling within the country where your vehicle was purchased, Warranty or
Service Bulletin repairs may be requested from any authorized Polaris dealer who sells
the same line as your vehicle.
Outside the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
If you are traveling temporarily outside the country where your vehicle was purchased,
you should take your vehicle to an authorized Polaris dealer. You must show the dealer
photo identification from the country of the selling dealer’s authorized location as proof
of residence. Upon residence verification, the servicing dealer will be authorized to perform the warranty repair.
If You Move:
If you move to another country, be sure to contact Polaris Customer Assistance and the
customs department of the destination country before you move. Vehicles importation
rules vary considerably from country to country. You may be required to present documentation of your move to Polaris Industries in order to continue your warranty coverage. You may also be required to obtain documentation from Polaris Industries in order
to register your vehicle in your new country.
If Purchased From A Private Party:
If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which
the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.
Notice
If your vehicle is registered outside of the country where it was purchased, and you have
not followed the procedure set out above, your vehicle will no longer be eligible for warranty or service bulletin coverage of any kind. (Vehicles registered to Government officials or military personnel on assignment outside of the country where the vehicle was
purchased will continue to be covered by the basic warranty.)
For questions call Polaris Customer Assistance (see page 142).
147
INDEX
A
D
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54-57
Airbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Avalanches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
D.E.T. Flash Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
D.E.T. Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Daily Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Detonation Elimination Technology . . 27
Disabled Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Drive Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Drive Belt Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Drive Belt Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Drive Belt Deflection . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Drive Belt Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Drive Belt Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Drive Chain Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Driver Awareness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Driveshaft Bearing Greasing . . . . . . . . 91
Driving Downhill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Driving in Hilly Terrain . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Driving on Slippery Surfaces . . . . . . . . 15
Driving Responsibly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
B
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129, 131-133
Battery Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Battery Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Battery Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Battery Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Battery Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Before Starting the Engine . . . . . . . 59-62
Belt Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Bleeding the Cooling System . . . 102-103
Bleeding the Hydraulic Brake System 108
Brake Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Brake Lever Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Brake, Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Brakes, Hydraulic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
C
Carburetion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Carburetor Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Carburetor Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Chain Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Chaincase Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Choke and Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Cleaning and Preservation . . . . . . . . . 127
Clutch Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Clutch and Drive System . . . . . . . . . . 128
Clutch Center Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Clutch Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Clutch Guard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Clutch System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Clutches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Cold Weather Drive-Away . . . . . . . . . . 17
Controls and Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101-102
Coolant Mixture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40-41
Coupling, Front To Rear, Edge . . . . . . . 40
Coupling, Rear To Front, Edge . . . . . . . 41
E
Electric Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Electrical Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Electronic Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Emergency Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Emergency Stopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Engine and Carburetor Protection 128-129
Engine Break-In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Engine Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . 63, 74
Engine Troubleshooting . . . . . . . 135-137
Excessive Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Exhaust System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
F
Fall Tune-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25-29
Flushing the Cooling System . . . . . . . 102
FRA Position, M10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Front Rear Scissor Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Front Springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69-71
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Fuel Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Fuel Reserve Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Fuel System Deicers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
G
General Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . 96-118
148
INDEX
H
P
Halogen Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Handlebar Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Handlebars, Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Headlight Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Hi-Fax Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
High Temperature Indicator . . . . . . . . 101
Hydraulic Brake Inspection . . . . . . . . 105
Passenger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
PERC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Plug Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
POLARIS PRODUCTS . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Powder Snow Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Pre-Ride Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS . . . . . . . 58-63
Premium Fuel Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
I
Ice and Snow Build-up . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indy Select Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Intake Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Intake Silencer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
30
32
95
17
5-7
J
Jackshaft Bearing Greasing . . . . . . . . . 91
Jetting Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
L
Lighting Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Low Oil Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Low Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87-92
M
MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-133
Maintenance Interval Table . . . . . . 82-84
Maintenance Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85-86
Maneuverability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Manual Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Mechanical Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Mirror Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Moving Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
O
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Oil Injection System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Oil Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Operating Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64-80
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Operator Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-20
Optional Spring Rates, M10 . . . . . . . . . 46
Overload Spring, M10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
R
Rear Rear Scissor Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Rear Spring Preload, M10 . . . . . . . . . . 45
Rear Spring Preload, M10 Ace . . . . . . . 51
Recommended Maintenance Program . 81
Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Reverse Kit Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . 116
Reverse Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Reverse, Electronic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Reverse, Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Rider Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Riding Apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Riding Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
RydeFX SOLO Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
S
SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-24
Safety Decals and Locations . . . . . 21-24
Sag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Sag/Ride Height, M10 . . . . . . . . . . 43-45
Scissor Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40-41
Seat Bucket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21, 28
Seat Bucket Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Second Year Engine Service Contract 146
Service And Warranty Information . . 142
Shock Absorber Components . . . . . . . . 31
Shock Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Shock Spring Preload, Front . . . . . . . . 33
Shock Valving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Shock, Clicker, FOX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Shock, PPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Shock, Rear, Indy Select . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Shocks, Rear, Edge . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38-39
Signal words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Skag Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Ski Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Ski Pressure, M10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Ski Pressure, M10 Ace . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
149
INDEX
S
T
Ski Skags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Slide Rail and Track Cooling . . . . . . . . 69
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93-94
Spring Preload, Edge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Start the Engine and Check . . . . . . . . . 63
Starting a Cold Engine . . . . . . . . . . 64-65
Starting a Warm Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Starting, Emergency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Steering Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Steering Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Steering System . . . . . . . . . . 62, 123-125
Stopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80, 127-130
Survival Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Suspension Coupling, Edge . . . . . . . . . 40
Suspension Maintenance . . . . . . 126-127
Suspension Performance Tips . . . . . . . 35
Suspension Set-up Chart, M10 . . . . . . . 49
Suspension Set-up Chart, M10 Ace . . . 52
Suspension Troubleshooting, Edge . . 138
Suspension Troubleshooting, M10 . . . 139
Suspension Troubleshooting, M10 Ace 140
Suspension, Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30-34
Suspension, Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Suspension, Rear, Edge . . . . . . . . . 36-42
Suspension, Rear, M10 . . . . . . . . . . 43-49
Suspension, Rear, M10 Ace . . . . . . 50-52
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Throttle Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Throttle Safety Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Tool Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Torque Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Torsion Spring Tension, Edge . . . . . . . 37
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22, 130
Track Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Track Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Track Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62, 119
Track Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Track Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . 119-122
Track Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120-121
Track Tension Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Track Tension, M10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Track Tension, M10 Ace . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Track Warm-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Traction Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55-56
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Transporting the Snowmobile . . . . . . 130
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . 135-139
Trunk Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Trunk Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
T
TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Taillight/Brakelight Replacement . . . . 111
Tether Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
THE PERFECT FIT . . . . . . . . . . . . 30-57
Throttle Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
150
V
Variable Exhaust System . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Vehicle Identification Numbers . . . . . . . 7
W
Warning Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21-24
WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142-147
Water Pump Belt Inspection . . . . . . . . . 96
Water/Sediment Trap Service . . . . . . . . 97
Wear Strips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Weight Transfer During Acceleration . 42
WELCOME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Windchill/Temperature Charts . . . . . . . 20