Avaya MX10 Switch User Manual

Copyrights
Copyrights
• Avaya is a registered trademark of Avaya Inc.
• Microsoft Windows is a registered trademark of the Microsoft
Corporation.
• All trademarks mentioned herein belong to their respective
owners.
Publication Information
Copyright © 2003 Avaya, Inc. All rights reserved.
Part Number: 66222/A
Release: 2.3
Date: July 2003
Regulatory Information
Regulatory Information
See the Regulatory Flyer that came with your AP-3 unit or go to the CDROM to view the information.
Warranty
Avaya Inc. provides a limited warranty on this product. Refer to your
sales agreement to establish the terms of the limited warranty. In
addition, Avaya’s standard warranty language as well as information
regarding support for this product, while under warranty, is available
through the following website: www.avaya.com/support
Notice
While reasonable efforts were made to ensure that the information in this
book was complete and accurate at the time of printing, Avaya can
assume no responsibility for any errors. Changes and corrections to the
information contained in this document may be incorporated into future
reissues.
How to Get Help
How to Get Help
For additional support telephone numbers, go to the Avaya support Web
site: http://www.avaya.com/support. If you are:
• Within the United States, click the Escalation Management link.
Then click the appropriate link for the type of support you need.
• Outside the United States, click the Escalation Management link.
Then click the International Services link that includes telephone
numbers for the international Centers of Excellence.
TCP/IP Facilities
Customers may experience differences in product performance, reliability
and security depending upon network configurations/design and
topologies, even when the product performs as warranted.
To order copies of this and other documents:
For the most current versions of documentation, go to the Avaya support
Web site: http://www.avaya.com/support.
AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
1. Introduction
In This Chapter .............................................................................1-1
Document Conventions .................................................................1-1
Introduction to Wireless Networking .............................................1-2
Site Survey .............................................................................1-3
Guidelines for Roaming ..........................................................1-4
Wireless Standard Support ..............................................1-4
Network Names ................................................................1-5
Security Settings ..............................................................1-5
Cell Coverage ..................................................................1-5
Data Rates .......................................................................1-6
Channels ..........................................................................1-6
IEEE 802.11 Specifications ...........................................................1-6
802.11b ...................................................................................1-7
802.11a ...................................................................................1-7
802.11g ...................................................................................1-7
Management and Monitoring Capabilities .....................................1-8
HTTP Interface .......................................................................1-8
Command Line Interface ........................................................1-8
How To Access the CLI ....................................................1-9
SNMP Management ...............................................................1-10
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
2. Getting Started
In This Chapter .............................................................................2-1
Prerequisites .................................................................................2-1
Product Package ...........................................................................2-4
5 GHz Antenna Adapter or AP-3 11a Upgrade Kit .................2-5
System Requirements ...................................................................2-5
Hardware Installation ...................................................................2-7
AP-3 with Active Ethernet .......................................................2-7
AP-3 with Power Supply .........................................................2-10
5 GHz or AP-3 11a Upgrade Kit .............................................2-15
Initialization ...................................................................................2-19
ScanTool ................................................................................2-20
Default IP Address ...........................................................2-20
ScanTool Instructions .......................................................2-20
Setup Wizard ..........................................................................2-28
Setup Wizard Instructions ................................................2-28
Download the Latest Software ......................................................2-44
Setup your TFTP Server .........................................................2-45
Download Updates from your TFTP Server using
the Web Interface ...................................................................2-46
Download Updates from your TFTP Server using the
CLI Interface ...........................................................................2-47
Additional Hardware Features ......................................................2-48
Installing the AP in a Plenum ..................................................2-48
Installing/Removing the Metal Faceplate .........................2-49
Active Ethernet .......................................................................2-49
LED Indicators ........................................................................2-51
Related Topics ..............................................................................2-52
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
3. Status Information
In This Chapter .............................................................................3-1
Logging into the HTTP Interface ...................................................3-1
System Status ...............................................................................3-3
4. Advanced Configuration
In This Chapter .............................................................................4-1
Configuring the AP Using the HTTP Interface ..............................4-2
System ..........................................................................................4-6
Network .........................................................................................4-7
IP Configuration ......................................................................4-7
Basic IP Parameters ..................................................4-8
DNS Client .................................................................4-10
Advanced ...................................................................4-12
DHCP Server ..........................................................................4-12
Link Integrity ...........................................................................4-16
Interfaces ......................................................................................4-19
Wireless (802.11a) .................................................................4-19
Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS) ...............................4-24
RTS/CTS Medium Reservation ........................................4-25
Wireless (802.11b) .................................................................4-27
Distance Between APs .....................................................4-35
Coverage ...................................................................4-36
Multicast Rate ..................................................................4-38
Wireless Distribution System (WDS) ................................4-40
Bridging WDS ............................................................4-42
WDS Setup Procedure ..............................................4-43
Wireless (802.11b/g) ..............................................................4-45
Ethernet ..................................................................................4-51
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Management .................................................................................4-52
Passwords ..............................................................................4-52
IP Access Table ......................................................................4-53
Services ..................................................................................4-55
SNMP Settings ..........................................................4-56
HTTP Access .............................................................4-56
Telnet Configuration Settings ....................................4-59
Serial Configuration Settings .....................................4-60
Filtering .........................................................................................4-61
Ethernet Protocol ....................................................................4-62
Static MAC ..............................................................................4-64
Example .....................................................................4-65
Creating an Entry .......................................................4-66
Static MAC Filter Examples ..............................................4-68
Prevent Two Specific Devices from
Communicating ..........................................................4-68
Prevent Multiple Wireless Devices From
Communicating With a Single Wired Device .............4-69
Prevent All Wireless Devices From Communicating
With a Single Wired Device .......................................4-70
Prevent A Wireless Device From Communicating
With the Wired Network .............................................4-70
Prevent Messages Destined for a Specific Multicast
Group from Being Forwarded to the Wireless LAN ...4-71
Advanced ................................................................................4-72
TCP/UDP Port ........................................................................4-73
Adding TCP/UDP Port Filters ...........................................4-74
Editing TCP/UDP Port Filters ...........................................4-75
Alarms ...........................................................................................4-75
Groups ....................................................................................4-76
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
Severity Levels .................................................................4-85
Alarm Host Table ....................................................................4-86
Syslog .....................................................................................4-86
Setting Syslog Event Notifications ...................................4-87
Configuring Syslog Event Notifications ............................4-88
Bridge ............................................................................................4-89
Spanning Tree ........................................................................4-90
Storm Threshold .....................................................................4-91
Intra BSS ................................................................................4-92
Packet Forwarding ..................................................................4-93
Configuring Interfaces for Packet Forwarding...................4-93
Security .........................................................................................4-94
Authentication and Encryption Modes ....................................4-95
WEP Encryption ...............................................................4-95
802.1x Authentication .......................................................4-97
Authentication Process ..............................................4-99
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) ........................................4-101
Configuring Security Settings ...........................................4-104
Enable WEP Encryption ............................................4-107
Enable 802.1x Security ..............................................4-108
Enable Mixed Mode (802.1x and
WEP Encryption) .......................................................4-109
802.1x Security and Wireless Distribution
Systems (WDS) .........................................................4-110
Enable WPA Mode ....................................................4-111
Enable WPA-PSK Mode ............................................4-112
MAC Access ...........................................................................4-113
RADIUS ........................................................................................4-116
MAC Access Control Via RADIUS Authentication ..................4-117
RADIUS Authentication with 802.1x .......................................4-121
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
RADIUS Accounting ...............................................................4-123
Session Length ................................................................4-123
Configuring RADIUS Accounting .....................................4-124
VLAN/SSID ...................................................................................4-127
VLAN Overview ......................................................................4-127
VLAN Workgroups and Traffic Management ..........................4-131
Traffic Management .........................................................4-131
Typical User VLAN Configurations .........................................4-132
Configure Multiple VLAN/SSID Pairs ...............................4-133
Typical VLAN Management Configurations ............................4-135
Control Access to the AP .................................................4-135
Provide Access to a Wireless Host in the
Same Workgroup .............................................................4-136
Disable VLAN Management .............................................4-136
5. Monitor Information
In This Chapter .............................................................................5-1
Logging into the HTTP Interface ...................................................5-2
Version ..........................................................................................5-5
ICMP .............................................................................................5-7
IP/ARP Table ................................................................................5-8
Learn Table ...................................................................................5-10
IAPP ..............................................................................................5-10
RADIUS ........................................................................................5-11
Interfaces ......................................................................................5-13
Link Test (802.11b APs Only) .......................................................5-16
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
6. Commands
In This Chapter .............................................................................6-1
Logging into the HTTP Interface ...................................................6-1
Download ......................................................................................6-5
Upload ...........................................................................................6-7
Reboot ..........................................................................................6-8
Reset .............................................................................................6-10
Help Link .......................................................................................6-11
7. Troubleshooting
In This Chapter .............................................................................7-1
Troubleshooting Concepts ............................................................7-2
Symptoms and Solutions ..............................................................7-4
Connectivity Issues .................................................................7-4
AP Unit Will Not Boot - No LED Activity ............................7-4
Serial Link Does Not Work ...............................................7-4
Ethernet Link Does Not Work ...........................................7-5
Basic Software Setup and Configuration Problems ................7-6
Lost AP, Telnet, or SNMP Password ................................7-6
Client Computer Cannot Connect ....................................7-6
AP Has Incorrect IP Address ...........................................7-7
HTTP (browser) or Telnet Interface Does Not Work ........7-8
HTML Help Files Do Not Appear ......................................7-9
Telnet CLI Does Not Work ................................................7-9
TFTP Server Does Not Work ...........................................7-10
Client Connection Problems ...................................................7-11
Client Software Finds No Connection ..............................7-11
Client PC Card Does Not Work ........................................7-11
Intermittent Loss of Connection .......................................7-12
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
Client Does Not Receive an IP Address Cannot Connect to Internet ..............................................7-12
VLAN Operation Issues ..........................................................7-13
Verifying Proper Operation of the VLAN Feature .............7-13
VLAN Workgroups ...........................................................7-13
What if network traffic is being directed to a
nonexistent host? ......................................................7-14
I have just configured the Management ID and
now I can't manage the AP? ......................................7-14
Active Ethernet (AE) ...............................................................7-14
The AP Does Not Work ....................................................7-14
There Is No Data Link ......................................................7-15
“Overload” Indications ......................................................7-16
Recovery Procedures ...................................................................7-16
Reset to Factory Default Procedure .......................................7-17
Forced Reload Procedure ......................................................7-18
Download a New Image Using ScanTool .........................7-20
Preparing to Download the AP Image .......................7-20
Download Procedure .................................................7-21
Download a New Image Using the Bootloader CLI ..........7-22
Preparing to Download the AP Image .......................7-23
Download Procedure .................................................7-23
Setting IP Address using Serial Port ......................................7-26
Hardware and Software Requirements ............................7-26
Attaching the Serial Port Cable ........................................7-26
Initializing the IP Address using CLI .................................7-27
Related Applications .....................................................................7-30
RADIUS Authentication Server ...............................................7-30
TFTP Server ...........................................................................7-31
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
A. Command Line Interface
In This Appendix ...........................................................................A-1
General Notes ...............................................................................A-2
Prerequisite Skills and Knowledge .........................................A-2
Notation Conventions .............................................................A-2
Important Terminology ............................................................A-3
Navigation and Special Keys ..................................................A-5
CLI Error Messages ................................................................A-6
Command Line Interface (CLI) Variations......................................A-7
Bootloader CLI ........................................................................A-7
CLI Command Types ....................................................................A-11
Operational CLI Commands ...................................................A-11
? (List Commands) ...........................................................A-12
Example 1. Display Command list .............................A-13
Example 2. Display specific Commands ...................A-13
Example 3. Display parameters for set and show .....A-14
Example 3a. Display every parameter that
can be changed .........................................................A-15
Example 3b. Display parameters based
on letter sequence .....................................................A-16
Example 4. Display Prompts for
Successive Parameters .............................................A-17
done, exit, quit ..................................................................A-18
download ..........................................................................A-18
help ..................................................................................A-19
history ...............................................................................A-20
passwd .............................................................................A-20
reboot ...............................................................................A-21
search ..............................................................................A-21
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
upload ..............................................................................A-22
Parameter Control Commands ...............................................A-23
“show” CLI Command ......................................................A-23
“set” CLI Command ..........................................................A-24
Configuring Objects that Require Reboot ........................A-25
Example 1: Configuring objects that require the
device to be rebooted ................................................A-25
Example 2: Executing the “exit”, “quit”, or “done”
commands when an object that requires reboot has
been configured .........................................................A-26
“set” and “show” Command Examples .............................A-27
Example 1 - Set the Access Point IP
Address Parameter ....................................................A-27
Example 2 - Create a table entry or row ....................A-28
Example 3 - Modify a table entry or row ....................A-28
Example 4 - Enable, Disable, or Delete a
table entry or row .......................................................A-29
Example 5 - Show the Group Parameters .................A-30
Example 6 - Show Individual & Table Parameters A-31
Using Tables & User Strings .........................................................A-32
Working with Tables ...............................................................A-32
Using Strings ..........................................................................A-34
Configuring the AP using CLI commands .....................................A-36
Log into the AP using HyperTerminal .....................................A-36
Log into the AP using Telnet ..................................................A-37
Set Basic Configuration Parameters .............................................A-38
Set System Name, Location and Contact Information .....A-38
Set Static IP Address for the AP ......................................A-39
Change Passwords ..........................................................A-40
Set Network Names for the Wireless Interface ................A-40
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
Set WEP Encryption for the Wireless Interface ................A-42
Download an AP Configuration File from your
TFTP Server .....................................................................A-43
Backup your AP Configuration File ..................................A-44
Other Network Settings .................................................................A-45
Configure the AP as a DHCP Server ................................A-46
Configure the DNS Client .................................................A-47
Maintain Client Connections using Link Integrity .............A-48
Change your Wireless Interface Settings .........................A-48
Operational Mode (802.11b/g) ...................................A-49
Autochannel Select (ACS) .........................................A-49
Enable/Disable Closed System .................................A-49
Enable/Disable Interference Robustness
(802.11b Only) ...........................................................A-49
Enable/Disable Load Balancing (802.11b Only) ........A-50
Enable/Disable Medium Density Distribution
(802.11b Only) ...........................................................A-50
Set the Distance Between APs (802.11b Only) ..........A-50
Set the Multicast Rate (802.11b Only) .......................A-51
Set Ethernet Speed and Transmission Mode....................A-51
Set Interface Management Services ................................A-52
Edit Management IP Access Table ...........................A-52
Configure Management Ports ....................................A-52
Set Communication Ports ..........................................A-53
Set Telnet Session Timeouts .....................................A-53
Configure Serial Port Interface ..................................A-53
Configure Syslog ..............................................................A-54
Configure Intra BSS .........................................................A-54
Configure MAC Access Control .......................................A-55
Setup MAC (Address) Access Control ......................A-55
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
Add an Entry to the MAC Access Control Table ........A-55
Disable or Delete an Entry in the MAC
Access Control Table ................................................A-55
Configure Authentication Mode ........................................A-56
Set Pre-Shared Key (WPA-PSK Mode) .....................A-57
Set RADIUS Parameters ..................................................A-57
Configure RADIUS Authentication server ..................A-57
Enable RADIUS MAC Access Control .......................A-58
Set MAC Address Format Type .................................A-58
Set Authorization Lifetime ..........................................A-58
Enable RADIUS Accounting ......................................A-59
Configure RADIUS Accounting server .......................A-60
Set VLAN/SSID Parameters ............................................A-60
Enable VLAN Management .......................................A-61
Disable VLAN Management .......................................A-61
Add an Entry to the VLAN ID Table ...........................A-61
CLI Monitoring Parameters ............................................................A-62
Parameter Tables .........................................................................A-63
System Parameters ................................................................A-66
Inventory Management Information .................................A-68
Network Parameters ...............................................................A-68
IP Configuration Parameters ............................................A-68
DNS Client for RADIUS Name Resolution ................A-69
DHCP Server Parameters ................................................A-70
DHCP Server table for IP pools .................................A-70
Link Integrity Parameters .................................................A-72
Link Integrity IP Target Table ....................................A-72
Interface Parameters ..............................................................A-73
Wireless Interface Parameters .........................................A-73
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
Common Parameters to 802.11a, 802.11b,
and 802.11b/g APs ....................................................A-73
802.11a Only Parameters ..........................................A-74
802.11b Only Parameters ..........................................A-75
802.11b/g Only Parameters .......................................A-77
Wireless Distribution System (WDS) Parameters
(802.11b Only) ...........................................................A-81
Ethernet Interface Parameters .........................................A-81
Management Parameters .......................................................A-82
SNMP Parameters ...........................................................A-82
HTTP (web browser) Parameters ....................................A-83
Telnet Parameters ............................................................A-84
Serial Port Parameters .....................................................A-85
TFTP Server Parameters .................................................A-86
IP Access Table Parameters ............................................A-87
Filtering Parameters ...............................................................A-87
Ethernet Protocol Filtering Parameters ............................A-88
Ethernet Filtering Table .............................................A-89
Static MAC Address Filter Table .......................................A-90
Proxy ARP Parameters ....................................................A-91
IP ARP Filtering Parameters ............................................A-91
Broadcast Filtering Table ..................................................A-92
TCP/UDP Port Filtering ....................................................A-93
TCP/UDP Port Filtering Table ...................................A-93
Alarms Parameters .................................................................A-96
SNMP Table Host Table Parameters ................................A-96
Syslog Parameters ...........................................................A-97
Syslog Host Table .....................................................A-98
Bridge Parameters ..................................................................A-99
Spanning Tree Parameters ..............................................A-99
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
Spanning Tree Priority and Path Cost Table .............A-100
Storm Threshold Parameters ...........................................A-101
Storm Threshold Table ..............................................A-101
Intra BSS Subscriber Blocking .........................................A-102
Packet Forwarding Parameters ........................................A-102
Security Parameters ...............................................................A-104
Pre-Shared Key Configuration Table
(WPA-PSK Mode) .....................................................A-105
Wireless Interface Security Parameters ...........................A-106
Security Encryption Key Length Table ......................A-107
MAC Access Control Parameter ......................................A-107
MAC Access Control Table .......................................A-108
RADIUS Parameters ..............................................................A-108
Primary and Backup RADIUS Server
Table Parameters .............................................................A-108
General RADIUS Parameters ....................................A-109
RADIUS Authentication .............................................A-110
RADIUS Accounting ..................................................A-111
VLAN/SSID Parameters .........................................................A-112
VLAN ID Table ..................................................................A-113
Other Parameters ...................................................................A-114
IAPP Parameters .............................................................A-114
SpectraLink VoIP Parameters (802.11b Only) ..................A-115
B. ASCII Character Chart
Description ....................................................................................B-1
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
C. Specifications
In This Appendix ...........................................................................C-1
Software Features .........................................................................C-1
Management Functions ..........................................................C-2
Advanced Bridging Functions .................................................C-3
Medium Access Control (MAC) Functions .............................C-3
Security Functions .................................................................C-4
Network Functions .................................................................C-5
Advanced Wireless Functions ...............................................C-6
Hardware Specifications ...............................................................C-7
Physical Specifications .....................................................C-7
AP-3 Unit ...................................................................C-7
802.11a Antenna Adapter ..........................................C-7
Electrical Specifications ....................................................C-7
Without Active Ethernet Module ................................C-7
With Active Ethernet Module .....................................C-7
Environmental Specifications ...........................................C-8
AP-3 Unit ...................................................................C-8
802.11a Antenna Adapter ..........................................C-8
Ethernet Interface .............................................................C-8
Serial Port Interface .........................................................C-8
Active Ethernet Interface ..................................................C-9
HTTP Interface .................................................................C-9
Radio Specifications .....................................................................C-9
802.11a Channel Frequencies ...............................................C-10
802.11b Channel Frequencies ...............................................C-12
802.11g Channel Frequencies ...............................................C-13
Wireless Communication Range ............................................C-15
802.11b Wireless Communication Ranges ......................C-16
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AP-3 User’s Guide Table of Contents
802.11a (5 GHz Upgrade Kit) Wireless
Communication Ranges ...................................................C-17
802.11a (11a Upgrade Kit) Wireless Communication
Ranges .............................................................................C-18
802.11b/g Wireless Communication Ranges ...................C-19
D. Technical Support
Before You Seek Help ..................................................................D-1
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Introduction
1
In This Chapter
The following topics are covered in this section:
•
•
•
•
Document Conventions
Introduction to Wireless Networking
IEEE 802.11 Specifications
Management and Monitoring Capabilities
Document Conventions
• The term, AP, refers to an Access Point.
• The term, 802.11, is used to describe features that apply to the
802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g wireless standards.
• A Dual-radio AP is an Access Point that includes two radios; it can
support one or two IEEE radio standards (depending on the type of
radios installed). The AP-3 is a Dual-radio AP.
• An 802.11a AP is an Access Point that supports the IEEE 802.11a
standard.
• An 802.11b AP is an Access Point that supports the IEEE 802.11b
standard.
• An 802.11b/g AP is an Access Point that supports the IEEE 802.11g
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
1-1
Introduction to Wireless Networking
standard.
• Blue text indicates a link to a topic or Web address. If you are
viewing this documentation on your computer, click the blue text to
jump to the linked item.
NOTE:
A Note indicates important information that helps you make better
use of your computer.
! CAUTION:
A Caution indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data
and tells you how to avoid the problem.
Introduction to Wireless Networking
An AP extends the capability of an existing Ethernet network to devices
on a wireless network. Wireless devices can
• connect to a single Access Point, or
• move between multiple Access Points located within the same
vicinity. As wireless clients move from one coverage cell to another,
the devices maintain network connectivity.
1-2
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Introduction to Wireless Networking
Site Survey
To determine the best location for an Access Point, Avaya recommends
conducting a Site Survey before placing the device in its final location. For
information about how to conduct a Site Survey, contact your local
reseller.
Before an Access Point can be configured for your specific networking
requirements, it must first be initialized. See Getting Started for details.
Figure 1-1.
Typical wireless network access infrastructure
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
1-3
Introduction to Wireless Networking
Once initialized, the network administrator can configure each unit
according to the network’s requirements. The AP functions as a wireless
network access point to data networks. An AP network provides:
•
•
•
•
Seamless client roaming
Easy installation and operation
Over-the-air encryption of data
High speed network links
To be fully operational, the AP-3 needs at least one wireless card
installed.
Guidelines for Roaming
Wireless Standard Support
An AP can only communicate with client devices that support its wireless
standard. For example, an 802.11a client cannot communicate with an
802.11b AP and an 802.11b client cannot communicate with an 802.11a
AP. However, both 802.11b and 802.11g clients can communicate with
an 802.11b/g AP.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Introduction to Wireless Networking
Network Names
• All Access Points must have the same Network Name to support
client roaming.
• All workstations with an 802.11 client adapter installed must use
either a Network Name of “any” or the same Network Name as the
Access Points that they will roam between. If an AP has Closed
System enabled, a client must have the same Network Name as the
Access Point to communicate (see Interfaces).
Security Settings
All Access Points and clients must have the same security settings to
communicate.
Cell Coverage
• The Access Points’ cells must overlap to ensure that there are no
gaps in coverage and to ensure that the roaming client will always
have a connection available.
• The coverage area of an 802.11b or 802.11b/g AP is larger than the
coverage area of an 802.11a AP. The 802.11b and 802.11b/g APs
operate in the 2.4 GHz frequency band; the 802.11a AP operates in
the 5 GHz band. Products that operate in the 2.4 GHz band offer
greater range than products that operate in the 5 GHz band.
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1-5
IEEE 802.11 Specifications
Data Rates
An 802.11a or 802.11b/g AP operates at faster data rates than the
802.11b AP. 802.11a and 802.11g products operate at speeds of up to 54
Mbits/sec; 802.11b products operate at speeds of up to 11 Mbits/sec.
Channels
• All Access Points in the same vicinity should use a unique,
independent Channel. By default, the AP automatically scans for
available Channels during boot-up but you can also set the Channel
manually (see Interfaces for details).
• Access Points that use the same Channel should be installed as far
away from each other as possible to reduce potential interference.
IEEE 802.11 Specifications
In 1997, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
adopted the 802.11 standard for wireless devices operating in the 2.4
GHz frequency band. This standard includes provisions for three radio
technologies: direct sequence spread spectrum, frequency hopping
spread spectrum, and infrared. Devices that comply with the 802.11
standard operate at a data rate of either 1 or 2 Megabits per second
(Mbits/sec).
1-6
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
IEEE 802.11 Specifications
802.11b
In 1999, the IEEE modified the 802.11 standard to support direct
sequence devices that can operate at speeds of up to 11 Mbits/sec. The
IEEE ratified this standard as 802.11b. 802.11b devices are backwards
compatible with 2.4 GHz 802.11 direct sequence devices (that operate at
1 or 2 Mbits/sec). Available Frequency Channels vary by regulatory
domain and/or country. See 802.11b Channel Frequencies for details.
802.11a
Also in 1999, the IEEE modified the 802.11 standard to support devices
operating in the 5 GHz frequency band. This standard is referred to as
802.11a. 802.11a devices are not compatible with 2.4 GHz 802.11 or
802.11b devices. 802.11a radios use a radio technology called
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) to achieve data
rates of up to 54 Mbits/sec. Available Frequency Channels vary by
regulatory domain and/or country. See 802.11a Channel Frequencies for
details.
802.11g
In 2003, the IEEE introduced the 802.11g standard. 802.11g devices
operate in the 2.4 GHz frequency band using OFDM to achieve data rates
of up to 54 Mbits/sec. In addition, 802.11g devices are backwards
compatible with 802.11b devices. Available Frequency Channels vary by
regulatory domain and/or country. See 802.11g Channel Frequencies for
details.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
1-7
Management and Monitoring Capabilities
Management and Monitoring Capabilities
There are three management and monitoring interfaces available to the
network administrator to configure and manage an AP on the network:
• HTTP Interface
• Command Line Interface
• SNMP Management
HTTP Interface
The HTTP Interface (also known as the Web browser Interface) provides
easy access to configuration settings and network statistics from any
computer on the network. You can access the HTTP Interface:
• over your LAN (switch, hub, etc.),
• over the Internet, or
• with a “crossover” Ethernet cable connected directly to your
computer’s Ethernet Port.
Command Line Interface
The Command Line Interface (CLI) is a text-based configuration utility
that supports a set of keyboard commands and parameters to configure
and manage an AP.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Management and Monitoring Capabilities
Users enter Command Statements, composed of CLI Commands and
their associated parameters. Statements may be issued from the
keyboard for real time control, or from scripts that automate configuration.
For example, when downloading a file, administrators enter the
download CLI Command along with IP Address, file name, and file type
parameters.
How To Access the CLI
You access the CLI over a HyperTerminal serial connection or via Telnet.
During initial configuration, you can use the CLI over a serial port
connection to configure an Access Point’s IP address.
When accessing the CLI via Telnet, you can communicate with the
Access Point from over your LAN (switch, hub, etc.), from over the
Internet, or with a “crossover” Ethernet cable connected directly to your
computer’s Ethernet Port.
See Command Line Interface (CLI) for more information on the CLI and
for a list of CLI commands and parameters.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
1-9
Management and Monitoring Capabilities
SNMP Management
You can also manage and configure an AP using the Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP).
NOTE:
This requires an SNMP manager program, like HP Openview or
Castlerock’s SNMPc.
The AP supports several Management Information Base (MIB) files that
describe the parameters that can be viewed and/or configured over
SNMP:
•
•
•
•
•
MIB-II (RFC 1213)
Bridge MIB (RFC 1493)
Ethernet-like MIB (RFC 1643)
802.11 MIB
Avaya Wireless Enterprise MIB
Avaya provides these MIB files on the CD included with each
Access Point. You need to compile one or more of the above MIBs into
your SNMP program’s database before you can manage an Access Point
using SNMP. Refer to the documentation that came with your SNMP
manager for instructions on how to compile MIBs.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Management and Monitoring Capabilities
The Enterprise MIB defines the read and read-write objects that can be
viewed or configured using SNMP. These objects correspond to most of
the settings and statistics that are available with the other management
interfaces. Refer to the Enterprise MIB for more information; the MIB can
be opened with any text editor, such as Microsoft Word, Notepad, or
WordPad.
NOTE:
The remainder of this guide describes how to configure an AP using
the HTTP Web interface or the CLI interface. For information on
how to manage devices using SNMP, refer to the documentation
that came with your SNMP program. Also, refer to the MIB files for
information on the parameters available via SNMP.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
1-11
Getting Started
2
In This Chapter
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Prerequisites
Product Package
System Requirements
Hardware Installation
Initialization
Download the Latest Software
Additional Hardware Features
Prerequisites
Before installing an AP, you need to gather certain network information.
The following section identifies the information you need.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-1
Prerequisites
Network Name
(SSID of the
wireless cards)
Assign the Access Point a Network Name
before wireless users can communicate with
it. The clients also need the same Network
Name. This is not the same as the System
Name, which applies only to the
Access Point. The network administrator
typically provides the Network Name.
AP’s IP Address
If you do not have a DHCP server on your
network, then you need to assign the
Access Point an IP address that is valid on
your network.
HTTP (Web)
Interface Password
Each Access Point requires a read/write
password to access the Web interface. The
default password is “public”.
CLI Interface
Password
Each Access Point requires a read/write
password to access the CLI interface. The
default password is “public”.
SNMP Read
Password
Each Access Point requires a password to
allow get requests from an SNMP manager.
The default password is “public”.
SNMP Read-Write
Password
Each Access Point requires a password to
allow get and set requests from an SNMP
manager. The default password is “public”.
Security Settings
You need to determine what security
features you will enable on the Access Point.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Prerequisites
Authentication
Method
A primary authentication server may be
configured; a backup authentication server is
optional. The network administrator typically
provides this information.
Authentication
Server Shared
Secret
This is a password shared between the
Access Point and the RADIUS
authentication server (so both passwords
must be the same), and is typically provided
by the network administrator.
Authentication
Server
Authentication Port
This is a port number (default is 1812) and is
typically provided by the network
administrator.
Client IP Address
Pool Allocation
Scheme
The Access Point can automatically provide
IP addresses to clients as they sign on. The
network administrator typically provides the
IP Pool range.
DNS Server IP
Address
The network administrator typically provides
this IP Address.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-3
Product Package
Product Package
Each Dual-radio AP comes with the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
One ceiling or wall mounting plate
Mounting hardware
Metal faceplate for APs mounted in a plenum environment
AP cover
Processor module (with integrated Active Ethernet, if applicable)
Power supply (not provided with Active Ethernet unit)
AC power cord (not provided with Active Ethernet unit)
802.11b PC Card or 802.11b/g AP Card
One Installation CD-ROM that contains the following:
— Software Installation Wizard
— ScanTool
— Solarwinds TFTP software
— HTML Help
— this user’s guide in PDF format
• One Access Point Quick Start Guide
If any of these items are missing or damaged, please contact your reseller
or Technical Support (see Technical Support for contact information).
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
System Requirements
5 GHz Antenna Adapter or AP-3 11a Upgrade Kit
The 5 GHz Antenna Adapter or 11a Upgrade Kit (used with software
release 2.3) can be used in the Access Point. Because the 802.11a
requires an antenna adapter, only one 5 GHz radio can be installed in the
AP. The second slot can be populated with an 802.11b or 802.11b/g card.
System Requirements
The following are the minimum requirements to begin using an AP:
• A 10Base-T Ethernet or 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet switch or hub
• At least one radio card designed for the AP:
— an 802.11b PC Card,
— 802.11b/g Card,
— 5 GHz Antenna Adapter Kit, or
— 11a Upgrade Kit
• At least one of the following IEEE 802.11-compliant devices:
You will need an:
If you have an:
802.11a client device
802.11a AP
802.11b or 802.11b/g client device
802.11b AP
802.11b/g client device
802.11b/g AP
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-5
System Requirements
• A computer that is connected to the same IP network as the AP and
has one of the following Web browsers installed:
— Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 with Service Pack 1 or later
— Netscape 6.1 or later
(The computer is required to configure the AP using the Web or
HTTP interface.)
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Hardware Installation
Hardware Installation
• AP-3 with Active Ethernet
• AP-3 with Power Supply
• 5 GHz or AP-3 11a Upgrade Kit
AP-3 with Active Ethernet
1. Slide the AP module onto the mounting bracket. Make sure it is
properly seated.
Figure 2-1.
Insert Module into Mounting Bracket
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-7
Hardware Installation
2. Slide an 802.11b, 802.11b/g wireless card, or 802.11a card with
antenna adapter (not included in the kit) into Slot A or B.
NOTE:
The 802.11a wireless card with antenna adapter will only fit in Slot
A.
3. Slide an 802.11b or an 802.11b/g wireless card (included in the kit)
into Slot A or B.
Figure 2-2.
2-8
Slide a PC Card into the AP
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Hardware Installation
4. Connect power to the unit from a DC injector device, such as the
Avaya Wireless 1-Port Active Ethernet DC Injector hub.
5. Wait for the LED indicators to turn green before proceeding.
Figure 2-3.
Connect an Ethernet cable from an AE hub to the AP
6. Conduct a Site Survey to determine the best location for your
device. If you need assistance, contact your reseller for help.
7. Once you have chosen a final location for your unit, mount the wall
bracket and the processor module and place the cover onto the
unit as shown.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-9
Hardware Installation
Figure 2-4.
Wall mounting the AP
AP-3 with Power Supply
1. Clip the power supply into the mounting bracket.
2. Plug the AC power cord into the power supply.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Hardware Installation
Figure 2-5.
Install the power supply
3. Slide the AP module onto the mounting bracket. Make sure it is
properly seated.
4. Plug the DC connector from the power supply into the top of the
AP module.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-11
Hardware Installation
Figure 2-6.
connector
2-12
Insert module in mounting bracket and attach power
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Hardware Installation
Figure 2-7.
Slide a PC Card into the AP
5. Attach one end of an Ethernet cable to the AP's Ethernet port and
the other end to a network hub or switch.
6. Connect the unit to a power source.
7. Wait for the power LED to turn green before proceeding.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-13
Hardware Installation
Figure 2-8.
Power LED turns green when the unit is operational
8. Conduct a Site Survey to determine the best location for your
device.
9. Once you have chosen a final location for your unit, mount the wall
bracket and the processor module and place the cover onto the
unit as shown.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Hardware Installation
Figure 2-9.
Wall mounting the AP
5 GHz or AP-3 11a Upgrade Kit
If you are installing this kit on a new AP (an AP that has not been installed
yet), skip to Step 4.
1. Remove the AP from your network by unplugging the power and
Ethernet cables from the unit.
2. Remove the unit from its mounting location - keep the mounting
bracket with the AP.
3. Remove the outer plastic cover.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-15
Hardware Installation
Figure 2-10.
Remove the AP cover
4. Make sure you have at least one card slot available. The power or
Ethernet cable tie wrap may need to be cut and the cable
repositioned to allow the antenna adapter to fit correctly.
5. Position the antenna adapter, card inward, facing the top of the unit
(see Figure 2-11 Insert Card and Antenna) and insert the 5 GHz
card into the available card slot.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Hardware Installation
Figure 2-11.
Insert Card and Antenna
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-17
Hardware Installation
6. Angle the antenna adapter slightly upwards, pinch the end tabs
inwards and carefully slide the antenna adapter onto the mounting
bracket.
7. Gently push forward while rotating the antenna downwards and
clip the adapter into the small cutouts on the face of the mounting
bracket.
8. Position the antenna for best reception:
— at a 90° angle for flat surface mounts
— at a 180° angle for wall mounts
9. Re-install the cover and mount the AP back in place.
Figure 2-12.
Replace cover
10. Connect the power and Ethernet cables to the AP.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
Initialization
Avaya provides two tools to simplify the initialization and configuration of
an AP:
• ScanTool
• Setup Wizard
ScanTool is included on the Installation CD; the Setup Wizard launches
automatically the first time you access the HTTP interface.
NOTE:
These initialization instructions describe how to configure an AP
over an Ethernet connection using ScanTool and the HTTP
interface. If you want to configure the unit over the serial port, see
Setting IP Address using Serial Port for information on how to
access the CLI over a serial connection and Command Line
Interface (CLI) for a list of supported commands.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-19
Initialization
ScanTool
ScanTool is a software utility that is included on the installation CD-ROM.
The tool automatically
• detects the Access Points installed on your network, regardless of
IP address,
• lets you configure each unit’s IP settings, and
• allows you to download new software to an AP that does not have a
valid software image installed (see Client Connection Problems).
To access the HTTP interface and configure the AP, the AP must be
assigned an IP address that is valid on its Ethernet network. By default,
the AP is configured to obtain an IP address automatically from a network
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server during boot-up. If
your network contains a DHCP server, you can run ScanTool to find out
what IP address the AP has been assigned.
Default IP Address
If your network does not contain a DHCP server, the Access Point’s IP
address defaults to 10.0.0.1. In this case, you can use ScanTool to assign
the AP a static IP address that is valid on your network.
ScanTool Instructions
Follow these steps to install ScanTool, initialize the Access Point, and
perform initial configuration:
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
1. Locate the unit’s Ethernet MAC address and write it down for future
reference. The MAC address is printed on the product label. Each
unit has a unique MAC address, which is assigned at the factory.
2. Confirm that the AP is connected to the same LAN subnet as the
computer that you will use to configure the AP.
3. Power up, reboot, or reset the AP.
— Result: The unit requests an IP Address from the network
DHCP server.
4. Insert the Installation CD into the CD-ROM drive of the computer
that you will use to configure the AP.
— Result: The installation program will launch automatically.
5. Follow the on-screen instructions to install the Access Point
software and documentation.
NOTE:
The Avaya Wireless Installation program supports the following
operating systems:
— Windows 98SE
— Windows 2000
— Windows Me
— Windows XP
6. After the software has been installed, double-click the ScanTool
icon on the Windows desktop to launch the program (if the
program is not already running).
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-21
Initialization
— Result: ScanTool scans the subnet and displays all detected
Access Points. The ScanTool’s Scan List screen appears, as
shown in the following example.
NOTE:
If your computer has more than one network adapter installed, you
will be prompted to select the adapter that you want ScanTool to use
before the Scan List appears. If prompted, select an adapter and
click OK. You can change your adapter setting at any time by
clicking the Select Adapter button on the Scan List screen.
The ScanTool Network Adapter Selection screen will not appear
if your computer only has one network adapter installed.
Figure 2-13.
Scan List
7. Locate the MAC address of the AP you want to initialize within the
Scan List.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
NOTE:
If your Access Point does not show up in the Scan List, click the
Rescan button to update the display. If the unit still does not appear
in the list, see Troubleshooting for suggestions. Note that after
rebooting an Access Point, it may take up to five minutes for the unit
to appear in the Scan List.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-23
Initialization
8. Do one of the following:
— If the AP has been assigned an IP address by a DHCP server
on the network, write down the IP address and click Cancel to
close ScanTool. Go to Setup Wizard for information on how to
access the HTTP interface using this IP address.
— If the AP has not been assigned an IP address (in other words,
the unit is using its default IP address, 10.0.0.1), follow these
steps to assign it a static IP address that is valid on your
network:
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
Step
Action
1.
Highlight the entry for the AP you want
to configure.
2.
Click the Change button.
Result: The Change screen appears.
Figure 2-14.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Scan Tool Change Screen
2-25
Initialization
Step
Action
3.
Set IP Address Type to Static.
4.
Enter a static IP Address for the AP in
the field provided. You must assign the
unit a unique address that is valid on
your IP subnet. Contact your network
administrator if you need assistance
selecting an IP address for the unit.
5.
Enter your network’s Subnet Mask in
the field provided.
6.
Enter your network’s Gateway IP
Address in the field provided.
7.
Enter the SNMP Read/Write password
in the Read/Write Password field (for
new units, the default SNMP Read/Write
password is “public”).
NOTE:
The TFTP Server IP Address and
Image File Name fields are only
available if ScanTool detects that
the AP does not have a valid
software image installed. See Client
Connection Problems.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
Step
8.
Action
Click OK to save your changes.
Result: The Access Point will reboot
automatically and any changes you
made will take effect.
9.
When prompted, click OK a second time
to return to the Scan List screen.
10.
Click Cancel to close the ScanTool.
11.
Proceed to Setup Wizard for information
on how to access the HTTP interface.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-27
Initialization
Setup Wizard
The first time you connect to an AP’s HTTP interface, the Setup Wizard
launches automatically. The Setup Wizard provides step-by-step
instructions for how to configure the Access Point’s basic operating
parameter, such as Network Name, IP parameters, system parameters,
and management passwords.
Setup Wizard Instructions
Follow these steps to access the Access Point’s HTTP interface and
launch the Setup Wizard:
1. Open a Web browser on a network computer.
The HTTP interface supports the following Web browser:
— Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 with Service Pack 1 or later
— Netscape 6.1 or later
2. If necessary, disable the browser’s Internet proxy settings. For
Internet Explorer users, follow these steps:
a. Select Tools > Internet Options....
b. Click the Connections tab.
c. Click LAN Settings....
d. If necessary, remove the check mark from the Use a proxy
server box.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
e. Click OK twice to save your changes and return to Internet
Explorer.
3. Enter the Access Point’s IP address in the browser’s Address field
and press Enter.
This is either the
— dynamic IP address assigned by a network DHCP server or
— the static IP address you manually configured.
See ScanTool for information on how to determine the unit’s IP
address and manually configure a new IP address, if necessary.
— Result: The Enter Network Password screen appears.
4. Enter the HTTP password in the Password field. Leave the User
Name field blank. For new units, the default HTTP password is
“public”.
— Result: The Setup Wizard will launch automatically.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-29
Initialization
Figure 2-15.
2-30
Enter Network Password
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
Figure 2-16.
Setup Wizard
5. Click Setup Wizard to begin. If you want to configure the AP
without using the Setup Wizard, click Exit and see Advanced
Configuration.
The Setup Wizard supports the following navigation options:
— Save & Next Button: Each Setup Wizard screen has a Save
& Next button. Click this button to submit any changes you
made to the unit’s parameters and continue to the next page.
The instructions described next shown how to navigate the
Setup Wizard using the Save & Next buttons.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-31
Initialization
— Navigation Panel: The Setup Wizard provides a navigation
panel on the left-hand side of the screen. Click the link that
corresponds to the parameters you want to configure to be
taken to that particular configuration screen. Note that clicking
a link in the navigation panel will not submit any changes you
made to the unit’s configuration on the current page.
— Exit: The navigation panel also includes an Exit option. Click
this link to close the Setup Wizard at any time.
! CAUTION:
If you exit from the Setup Wizard, any changes you submitted (by clicking
the Save & Next button) up to that point will be saved to the unit but will
not take effect until it is rebooted.
6. Configure the System Configuration settings and click Save &
Next. See System for more information.
7. Configure the Access Point’s Basic IP address settings, if
necessary, and click Save & Next. See Basic IP Parameters for
more information.
8. Assign the AP new passwords to prevent unauthorized access and
click Save & Next. Each management interface has its own
password:
— SNMP Read Password
— SNMP Read-Write Password
— CLI Password
— HTTP (Web) Password
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
By default, each of these passwords is set to “public”. See
Passwords for more information.
9. Configure the basic wireless interface settings and click Save &
Next.
— The following options are available for an 802.11a AP:
Option
Description
Network Name
(SSID)
Enter a Network Name (between 1
and 32 characters long) for the
wireless network. You must configure
each wireless client to use this name
as well.
Auto Channel Select
By default, the AP scans the area for
other Access Points and selects the
best available communication
channel, either a free channel (if
available) or the channel with the
least amount of interference.
Remove the check mark to disable
this option. Note that you cannot
disable Auto Channel Select for
802.11a products in Europe (see
Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS)
for details).
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-33
Initialization
Option
2-34
Description
Frequency Channel
When Auto Channel Select is
enabled, this field is read-only and
displays the Access Point’s current
operating channel. When Auto
Channel Select is disabled, you can
specify the Access Point’s channel. If
you decide to manually set the unit’s
channel, ensure that nearby devices
do not use the same frequency.
Available Channels vary based on
regulatory domain. See 802.11a
Channel Frequencies. Note that you
cannot manually set the channel for
802.11a products in Europe (see
Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS)
for details).
Transmit Rate
Use the drop-down menu to select a
specific transmit rate for the AP.
Choose between 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36,
48, 54 Mbits/s, and Auto Fallback.
The Auto Fallback feature allows the
AP to select the best transmit rate
based on the cell size.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
Option
Description
WEP Encryption
Place a check mark in the box
provided to enable WEP encryption.
See WEP Encryption for more
information.
Set Encryption Key
1
If you enabled Encryption, configure
an Encryption Key. This key is used
to encrypt and decrypt data between
the AP and its wireless clients. Enter
the number of characters that
correspond to the desired key size,
as described below:
• Enter 10 hexadecimal
characters (0-9 and A-F) or 5
ASCII characters (see ASCII
Character Chart) to use 64-bit
encryption.
• Enter 26 hexadecimal
characters or 13 ASCII
characters to use 128-bit
encryption.
• Enter 32 hexadecimal
characters or 16 ASCII
characters to use 152-bit
encryption.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
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Initialization
— The following options are available for an 802.11b AP:
Option
2-36
Description
Network Name
(SSID)
Enter a Network Name (between 1
and 32 characters long) for the
wireless network. You must configure
each wireless client to use this name
as well.
Auto Channel Select
By default, the AP scans the area for
other Access Points and selects the
best available communication
channel, either a free channel (if
available) or the channel with the
least amount of interference.
Remove the check mark to disable
this option. If you are setting up a
Wireless Distribution System (WDS),
it must be disabled. See Wireless
Distribution System (WDS) for more
information.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
Option
Description
Frequency Channel
When Auto Channel Select is
enabled, this field is read-only and
displays the Access Point’s current
operating channel. When Auto
Channel Select is disabled, you can
specify the Access Point’s operating
channel. If you decide to manually
set the unit’s channel, ensure that
nearby devices do not use the same
frequency (unless you are setting up
a WDS). Available Channels vary
based on regulatory domain. See
802.11b Channel Frequencies.
Distance Between
APs
Set to Large, Medium, Small,
Microcell, or Minicell depending on
the site survey for your system. The
distance value is related to the
Multicast Rate (described next). In
general, a larger distance between
APs means that your clients operate
a slower data rates (on average).
See Distance Between APs for more
information.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
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Initialization
Option
Multicast Rate
Description
Sets the rate at which Multicast
messages are sent. This value is
related to the Distance Between
APs parameter (described
previously). The table below displays
the possible Multicast Rates based
on the Distance between APs. See
Multicast Rate for more information.
Distance
between
APs
2-38
Multicast Rate
Large
1 and 2
Mbits/sec
Medium
1, 2, and 5.5
Mbits/sec
Small
1, 2, 5.5 and 11
Mbits/sec
Minicell
1, 2, 5.5 and 11
Mbits/sec
Microcell
1, 2, 5.5 and 11
Mbits/sec
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
Option
Description
WEP Encryption
Place a check mark in the box
provided to enable WEP encryption.
See WEP Encryption for more
information.
Set Encryption Key
1
If you enabled Encryption, configure
an Encryption Key. This key is used
to encrypt and decrypt data between
the AP and its wireless clients. Enter
the number of characters that
correspond to the desired key size,
as described below:
• Enter 10 hexadecimal
characters (0-9 and A-F) or 5
ASCII characters (see ASCII
Character Chart) to use 64-bit
encryption.
• Enter 26 hexadecimal
characters (0-9 and A-F) or 13
ASCII characters to use 128-bit
encryption
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-39
Initialization
— The following options are available for an 802.11b/g AP:
Option
Operational Mode
Description
An 802.11b/g wireless interface can
be configured to operate in the
following modes:
•
•
•
•
2-40
802.11b mode only
802.11g mode only
802.11g-wifi mode
802.11bg mode (default)
Network Name
(SSID)
Enter a Network Name (between 1
and 32 characters long) for the
wireless network. You must configure
each wireless client to use this name
as well.
Auto Channel Select
By default, the AP scans the area for
other Access Points and selects the
best available communication
channel, either a free channel (if
available) or the channel with the
least amount of interference.
Remove the check mark to disable
this option.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
Option
Description
Frequency Channel
When Auto Channel Select is
enabled, this field is read-only and
displays the Access Point’s current
operating channel. When Auto
Channel Select is disabled, you can
specify the Access Point’s channel. If
you decide to manually set the unit’s
channel, ensure that nearby devices
do not use the same frequency.
Available Channels vary based on
regulatory domain. See 802.11g
Channel Frequencies.
Transmit Rate
Select a specific transmit rate for the
AP. The values available depend on
the Operational Mode. Auto Fallback
is the default setting; it allows the AP
to select the best transmit rate based
on the cell size.
• For 802.11b only -- Auto
Fallback, 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbits/sec
• For 802.11g only -- Auto
Fallback, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36,
48, 54 Mbits/sec
• For 802.11bg and 802.11g-wifi-Auto Fallback, 1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11,
12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 Mbits/sec
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-41
Initialization
Option
WEP Encryption
2-42
Description
Place a check mark in the box
provided to enable WEP encryption.
See WEP Encryption for more
information.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Initialization
Option
Set Encryption Key
1
Description
If you enabled Encryption, configure
an Encryption Key. This key is used
to encrypt and decrypt data between
the AP and its wireless clients. Enter
the number of characters that
correspond to the desired key size,
as described below:
• Enter 10 hexadecimal
characters (0-9 and A-F) or 5
ASCII characters (see ASCII
Character Chart) to use 64-bit
encryption.
• Enter 26 hexadecimal
characters or 13 ASCII
characters to use 128-bit
encryption.
• Enter 32 hexadecimal
characters or 16 ASCII
characters to use 152-bit
encryption.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-43
Download the Latest Software
Option
Set Encryption Key
1
(continued)
Description
NOTE:
Additional advanced settings
are available in the Wireless
Interface Configuration
screen. See Wireless (802.11a),
Wireless (802.11b), or Wireless
(802.11b/g) for details. See
Security for more information on
security features.
10. Review the configuration summary. If you want to make any
additional changes, use the navigation panel on the left-hand side
of the screen to return to an earlier screen. After making a change,
click Save & Next to save the change and proceed to the next
screen.
11. When finished, click Reboot on the Summary screen to restart the
AP and apply your changes.
Download the Latest Software
Avaya periodically releases updated software for the AP on its Web site at
http://www.avaya.com/support. Avaya recommends that you check the
Web site for the latest updates after you have installed and initialized the
unit.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Download the Latest Software
Three types of files can be downloaded to the AP from a TFTP server:
• img (AP software image or kernel)
• config (configuration file)
• bspBl (BSP/Bootloader firmware file)
Setup your TFTP Server
A Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server allows you to transfer files
across a network. You can
• upload files from the AP for backup or copying, and
• download the files for configuration and AP Image upgrades.
The Solarwinds TFTP server software is located on the Avaya Wireless
AP Installation CD-ROM. You can also download the latest TFTP
software from Solarwind’s Web site at http://www.solarwinds.net.
If a TFTP server is not configured and running, you will not be able to
download and upload images and configuration files to/from the AP.
Remember that the TFTP server does not have to be local as long as you
have a valid TFTP IP address. Also, a TFTP server does not have to be
running for the AP to perform tasks that do not involve file transfers.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-45
Download the Latest Software
After the TFTP server is installed:
• Check to see that TFTP is configured to point to the directory
containing the AP Image.
• Make sure you have the proper TFTP server IP address, the proper
AP Image file name, and that the TFTP server is operational.
• Make sure the TFTP server is configured to both Transmit and
Receive files, with no automatic shutdown or time-out.
Download Updates from your TFTP Server using the Web
Interface
1. Download the latest software from http://www.avaya.com/support.
2. Copy the latest software updates to your TFTP server.
3. In the Web Interface, click the Commands button and select the
Download tab.
4. Enter the IP address of your TFTP server in the field provided.
5. Enter the File Name (including the file extension). Enter the full
directory path and file name. If the file is located in the default
TFTP directory, you need enter only the file name.
6. Select the File Type from the drop-down menu (use Img for
software updates).
7. Select Download & Reboot from the File Operation drop-down
menu.
8. Click OK.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Download the Latest Software
9. The Access Point will reboot automatically when the download is
complete.
Download Updates from your TFTP Server using the CLI
Interface
1. Download the latest software from http://www.avaya.com/support.
2. Copy the latest software updates to your TFTP server.
3. Open the CLI interface via Telnet or a serial connection.
4. Enter the CLI password when prompted.
5. Type set tftpfilename <file name> (include the file extension) and
press Enter.
6. Type set tftpfiletype img and press Enter.
7. Type set tftpipaddr <IP address of your TFTP server> and press
Enter.
8. Type show tftp and confirm that the file name, file type, and IP
address are correct.
9. Type download * and press Enter.
— Result: The download will begin. Be patient while the image is
downloaded to the Access Point.
10. When the download is complete, type reboot 0 and press Enter.
NOTE:
See Command Line Interface (CLI) for more information.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-47
Additional Hardware Features
Additional Hardware Features
• Installing the AP in a Plenum
• Active Ethernet
• LED Indicators
Installing the AP in a Plenum
In an office building, plenum is the space between the structural ceiling
and the tile ceiling that is provided to help air circulate. Many companies
also use the plenum to house communication equipment and cables.
However, these products and cables must comply with certain safety
requirements, such as Underwriter Labs (UL) Standard 2043: “Standard
for Fire Test for Heat and Visible Smoke Release for Discrete Products
and Their Accessories Installed in Air-Handling Spaces”.
The AP has been certified under UL Standard 2043 and can be installed
in the plenum only when the following conditions apply:
• The unit's plastic cover has been removed.
• The power supply of the Access Point has been removed.
• There are two 802.11b cards in the cards slots.
OR
• There is one 802.11b card and the other card slot is protected with
the metal faceplate provided in your kit.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Additional Hardware Features
NOTE:
The 5GHz Antenna Adapter Kit or 11a Upgrade Kit is not approved
in accordance with UL-2043 for use in a plenum. The Access Point
using a power supply, should not be plenum mounted. Use Active
Ethernet to power the units mounted in a plenum environment.
Installing/Removing the Metal Faceplate
1. When using only one card in the Access Point mounted in a
plenum environment, remove the plastic cover.
2. Place the top edge of the faceplate under the front ridge of the
metal enclosure.
3. Snap the faceplate in the empty card slot in the Access Point.
! CAUTION:
Do not drop the faceplate into the card slot in the AP.
4. To install a second radio card, the faceplate must be removed.
Gently pry the faceplate off using the tab on the faceplate.
Active Ethernet
An Active Ethernet-enabled AP is equipped with an 802.3af-compliant
Active Ethernet module. Active Ethernet (AE) delivers both data and
power to the access point over a single Ethernet cable. If you choose to
use Active Ethernet, there is no difference in operation; the only
difference is in the power source.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-49
Additional Hardware Features
• The Active Ethernet (AE) integrated module receives ~48 VDC over
a standard Category 5 Ethernet cable.
• To use Active Ethernet, you must have an AE hub (also known as a
power injector) connected to the network.
• The cable length between the AE hub and the Access Point should
not exceed 100 meters (approximately 325 feet).
• The AE hub is not a repeater and does not amplify the Ethernet data
signal.
• If connected to an AE hub and an AC power simultaneously, the
Access Point draws power from Active Ethernet.
• Maximum power supplied to an Access Point is 11 Watts; the unit
typically draws approximately 10 Watts.
Also see Hardware Specifications.
NOTE:
The AP’s 802.3af-compliant Active Ethernet module is backwards
compatible with all Avaya Wireless Active Ethernet hubs that do not
support the IEEE 802.3af standard.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Additional Hardware Features
LED Indicators
The AP-3 has four LED indicators, which exhibit the following behavior:
Power
Ethernet
PC Card A
PC Card B
Indication
Green
Green
flash with
data
activity
Green flash
with data
activity
Green flash
with data
activity
Normal Operation
Amber
Red
Amber
Amber
Rebooting/Power On Self
Test (POST)
Amber
n/a (not
applicable)
n/a
n/a
Missing or bad AP image if
amber after reboot.
Red
Red
n/a
n/a
Power On Self Test
(POST) running
n/a
n/a
Red
Red
PC Card incompatible on
indicated interface.
n/a
n/a
Red
Red
PC Card failure on
indicataed interface.
Green
n/a
Amber
Amber
Indicated interface in
Administrative State
n/a
n/a
Off
Off
PC Card not present
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
2-51
Related Topics
Related Topics
The Setup Wizard helps you configure the basic AP settings required to
get the unit up and running. The AP supports many other configuration
and management options. The remainder of this user guide describes
these options in detail.
• See Advanced Configuration for information on configuration
options that are available within the Access Point’s HTTP interface.
• See Monitor Information for information on the statistics displayed
within the Access Point’s HTTP interface.
• See Commands for information on the commands supported by the
Access Point’s HTTP interface.
• See Troubleshooting for troubleshooting suggestions.
• See Command Line Interface (CLI) for information on the CLI
interface and for a list of CLI commands.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Status Information
3
In This Chapter
• Logging into the HTTP Interface
• System Status
Logging into the HTTP Interface
Once the AP has a valid IP Address and an Ethernet connection, you may
use your web browser to monitor the system status.
Follow these steps to monitor an AP’s operating statistics using the HTTP
interface:
1. Open a Web browser on a network computer.
NOTE:
The HTTP interface supports the following Web browser:
— Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 with Service Pack 1 or later
— Netscape 6.1 or later
2. If necessary, disable the Internet proxy settings. For Internet
Explorer users, follow these steps:
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
3-1
Logging into the HTTP Interface
— Select Tools > Internet Options....
— Click the Connections tab.
— Click LAN Settings....
— If necessary, remove the check mark from the Use a proxy
server box.
— Click OK twice to save your changes and return to Internet
Explorer.
3. Enter the Access Point’s IP address in the browser’s Address field
and press Enter.
— Result: The Enter Network Password screen appears.
4. Enter the HTTP password in the Password field and click OK.
Leave the User Name field blank. (By default, the HTTP password
is “public”).
— Result: The System Status screen appears.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
System Status
Figure 3-1.
Enter Network Password Screen
System Status
System Status is the first screen to appear each time you connect to the
HTTP interface. You can also return to this screen by clicking the Status
button.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
3-3
System Status
Figure 3-2.
3-4
System Status Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
System Status
Each section of the System Status screen provides the following
information:
— System Status: This area provides system level information,
including the unit’s IP address and contact information. See
System for information on these settings.
— System Alarms: System traps (if any) appear in this area.
Each trap identifies a specific severity level: Critical, Major,
Minor, and Informational. See Alarms for a list of possible
alarms.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
3-5
Advanced
Configuration
4
In This Chapter
• Configuring the AP Using the HTTP Interface
• System: Configure specific system information such as system name
and contact information.
• Network: Configure IP settings, DNS client, DHCP server, and Link
Integrity.
• Interfaces: Configure the Access Point’s interfaces: Wireless and
Ethernet.
• Management: Configure the Access Point’s management
Passwords, IP Access Table, and Services.
• Filtering: Configure Ethernet Protocol filters, Static MAC Address
filters, Advanced filters, and Port filters.
• Alarms: Configure the Alarm (SNMP Trap) Groups, the Alarm Host
Table, and the Syslog features.
• Bridge: Configure the Spanning Tree Protocol, Storm Threshold
protection, Intra BSS traffic, and Packet Forwarding.
• Security: Configure security features such as MAC Access Control,
WPA, WEP Encryption, and 802.1x.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-1
Configuring the AP Using the HTTP Interface
• RADIUS: Configure RADIUS features such as RADIUS Access
Control and Accounting.
• VLAN/SSID: Configure VLAN IDs and SSIDs.
Configuring the AP Using the HTTP Interface
Follow these steps to configure an Access Point’s operating settings
using the HTTP interface:
1. Open a Web browser on a network computer.
NOTE:
The HTTP interface supports the following Web browser:
— Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 with Service Pack 1 or later
— Netscape 6.1 or later
2. If necessary, disable the Internet proxy settings. For Internet
Explorer users, follow these steps:
— Select Tools > Internet Options....
— Click the Connections tab.
— Click LAN Settings....
— If necessary, remove the check mark from the Use a proxy
server box.
— Click OK twice to save your changes and return to Internet
Explorer.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Configuring the AP Using the HTTP Interface
3. Enter the Access Point’s IP address in the browser’s Address field
and press Enter.
— Result: The Enter Network Password screen appears.
4. Enter the HTTP password in the Password field and click OK.
Leave the User Name field blank. (By default, the HTTP password
is “public”).
— Result: The System Status screen appears.
Figure 4-1.
Enter Network Password Screen
5. Click the Configure button located on the left-hand side of the
screen.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-3
Configuring the AP Using the HTTP Interface
Figure 4-2.
Configure Main Screen
6. Click the tab that corresponds to the parameter you want to
configure. For example, click Network to configure the
Access Point’s TCP/IP settings. The parameters contained in each
of the nine configuration categories are described later in this
chapter.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Configuring the AP Using the HTTP Interface
7. Configure the Access Point’s parameters as necessary. After
changing a configuration value, click OK to save the change.
8. Reboot the Access Point for all of the changes to take effect.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-5
System
System
You can configure and view the following parameters within the System
Configuration screen:
Parameters
4-6
Description
Name
The name assigned to the AP.
Location
The location where the AP is installed.
Contact Name
The name of the person responsible for the
AP.
Contact Email
The email address of the person
responsible for the AP.
Contact Phone
The telephone number of the person
responsible for the AP.
Object ID
This is a read-only field that displays the
Access Point’s MIB definition; this
information is useful if you are managing
the AP using SNMP.
Ethernet MAC
Address
This is a read-only field that displays the
unique MAC (Media Access Control)
address for the Access Point’s Ethernet
interface. The MAC address is assigned at
the factory.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Network
Parameters
Description
Descriptor
This is a read-only field that reports the
Access Point’s name, serial number,
current image software version, and current
bootloader software version.
Up Time
This is a read-only field that displays how
long the Access Point has been running
since its last reboot.
Network
The Network category contains three sub-categories.
• IP Configuration
• DHCP Server
• Link Integrity
IP Configuration
You can configure and view the following parameters within the IP
Configuration screen:
NOTE:
You must reboot the Access Point in order for any changes to the
Basic IP or DNS Client parameters take effect.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-7
Network
Basic IP Parameters
Parameter
4-8
Description
IP Address
Assignment Type
Set this parameter to Dynamic to configure
the Access Point as a Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) client; the
Access Point will obtain IP settings from a
network DHCP server automatically during
boot-up. If you do not have a DHCP server or
if you want to manually configure the
Access Point’s IP settings, set this parameter
to Static.
IP Address
The Access Point’s IP address. When IP
Address Assignment Type is set to Dynamic,
this field is read-only and reports the unit’s
current IP address. The Access Point will
default to 10.0.0.1 if it cannot obtain an
address from a DHCP server.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Network
Parameter
Description
Subnet Mask
The Access Point’s subnet mask. When IP
Address Assignment Type is set to Dynamic,
this field is read-only and reports the unit’s
current subnet mask. The subnet mask will
default to 255.0.0.0 if the unit cannot obtain
one from a DHCP server.
Gateway IP
Address
The IP address of the Access Point’s
gateway. When IP Address Assignment Type
is set to Dynamic, this field is read-only and
reports the IP address of the unit’s gateway.
The gateway IP address will default to
10.0.0.2 if the unit cannot obtain an address
from a DHCP server.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-9
Network
DNS Client
If you prefer to use host names to identify network servers rather than IP
addresses, you can configure the AP to act as a Domain Name Service
(DNS) client. When this feature is enabled, the Access Point contacts the
network’s DNS server to translate a host name to the appropriate network
IP address. You can use this DNS Client functionality to identify RADIUS
servers by host name. See RADIUS for details.
Parameter
Description
Enable DNS
Client
Place a check mark in the box provided to
enable DNS client functionality. Note that this
option must be enabled before you can
configure the other DNS Client parameters.
DNS Primary
Server IP
Address
The IP address of the network’s primary DNS
server.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Network
Parameter
Description
DNS Secondary
Server IP
Address
The IP address of a second DNS server on
the network. The Access Point will attempt to
contact the secondary server if the primary
server is unavailable.
DNS Client
Default Domain
Name
The default domain name for the
Access Point’s network (for example,
“avaya.com”). Contact your network
administrator if you need assistance setting
this parameter.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-11
Network
Advanced
Default TTL (Time to Live): Time to Live (TTL) is a field in an IP packet
that specifies how long in seconds the packet can remain active on the
network. The Access Point uses the default TTL for packets it generates
for which the transport layer protocol does not specify a TTL value. This
parameter supports a range from 0 to 65535. By default, TTL is 64.
DHCP Server
If your network does not have a DHCP Server, you can configure the AP
as a DHCP server to assign dynamic IP addresses to Ethernet nodes and
wireless clients.
! CAUTION:
Make sure there are no other DHCP servers on the network and do not
enable the DHCP server without checking with your network administrator
first, as it could bring down the whole network. Also, the AP must be configured with a static IP address before enabling this feature.
When the DHCP Server functionality is enabled, you can create one or
more IP address pools from which to assign addresses to network
devices.
4-12
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Network
Figure 4-3.
DHCP Server Configuration Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-13
Network
You can configure and view the following parameters within the DHCP
Server Configuration screen:
Parameter
Enable DHCP
Server
Description
Place a check mark in the box provided to
enable DHCP Server functionality.
NOTE:
You cannot enable the DHCP Server
functionality unless there is at least one
IP Pool Table Entry configured.
Subnet Mask
This field is read-only and reports the
Access Point’s current subnet mask. DHCP
clients that receive dynamic addresses from
the AP will be assigned this same subnet
mask.
Gateway IP
Address
The AP will assign the specified address to its
DHCP clients.
Primary DNS IP
Address
The AP will assign the specified address to its
DHCP clients.
Secondary DNS IP
Address
The AP will assign the specified address to its
DHCP clients.
Number of IP Pool
Table Entries
This is a read-only field that reports the
number of IP address pools currently
configured.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Network
Parameter
IP Pool Table Entry
Description
This entry specifies a range of IP addresses
that the AP can assign to its wireless clients.
Click Add to create a new entry. Click Edit to
change an existing entry. Each entry contains
the following field:
• Start IP Address
• End IP Address
• Default Lease Time (optional): The
default time value for clients to retain the
assigned IP address. DHCP
automatically renews IP Addresses
without client notification. This
parameter supports a range between 0
and 86400 seconds. The default is
86400 seconds.
• Maximum Lease Time (optional): The
maximum time value for clients to retain
the assigned IP address. DHCP
automatically renews IP Addresses
without client notification. This
parameter supports a range between 0
and 86400 seconds. The default is
86400 seconds.
• Comment (optional)
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-15
Network
Parameter
IP Pool Table Entry
(continued)
Description
Status: IP Pools are enabled upon entry in
the table. You can also disable or delete
entries by changing this field’s value.
NOTE:
You must reboot the Access Point before
changes to any of these DHCP server
parameters take effect
Link Integrity
The Link Integrity feature checks the link between the AP and the nodes
on the Ethernet backbone. These nodes are listed by IP address in the
Link Integrity IP Address Table. The AP periodically pings the nodes listed
within the table. If the AP loses network connectivity (that is, the ping
attempts fail), the AP disables its wireless interface until the connection is
restored. This forces the unit’s wireless clients to switch to another
Access Point that still has a network connection. Note that this feature
does not affect WDS links (if applicable).
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Network
You can configure and view the following parameters within the Link
Integrity Configuration screen:
Parameter
Description
Enable Link
Integrity
Place a check mark in the box provided to
enable Link Integrity.
Poll Interval
(milliseconds)
The interval between link integrity checks.
Range is 500 - 15000 ms in increments of
500 ms; default is 500 ms.
Poll
Retransmissions
The number of times a poll should be
retransmitted before the link is considered
down. Range is 0 to 255; default is 5.
Target IP Address
Entry
This entry specifies the IP address of a host
on the network that the AP will periodically
poll to confirm connectivity. The table can
hold up to five entries. By default, all five
entries are set to 0.0.0.0. Click Edit to update
one or more entries. Each entry contains the
following field:
• Target IP Address
• Comment (optional)
• Status: Set this field to Enable to
specify that the Access Point should poll
this device. You can also disable an
entry by changing this field’s value to
Disable.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-17
Network
Figure 4-4.
4-18
Link Integrity Configuration Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Interfaces
Interfaces
From the Interfaces tab, you configure the Access Point’s radio and
Ethernet settings. Refer to the Wireless parameters below that
correspond to your radio type.
• Wireless (802.11a)
• Wireless (802.11b)
• Wireless (802.11b/g)
• Ethernet
Wireless (802.11a)
You can configure and view the following parameters within the Wireless
Interface Configuration screen for an 802.11a AP:
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-19
Interfaces
NOTE:
You must reboot the Access Point before any changes to these
parameters take effect.
Parameter
Description
Physical Interface
Type
For an 802.11a AP, this field reports: “802.11a
(OFDM 5 GHz).” OFDM stands for
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing;
this is the name for the radio technology used
by 802.11a devices.
MAC Address
This is a read-only field that displays the
unique MAC (Media Access Control) address
for the Access Point’s wireless interface. The
MAC address is assigned at the factory.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Interfaces
Parameter
Regulatory
Domain
Description
Reports the regulatory domain for which the
AP is certified. Not all features or channels
are available in all countries. The available
regulatory domains include:
• FCC - U.S./Canada, Mexico, and
Australia
• ETSI - Europe and the United Kingdom
• MKK: Japan
• SG: Singapore
• ASIA: China, Hong Kong, and South
Korea
• TW: Taiwan
Network Name
(SSID)
Enter a Network Name (between 1 and 32
characters long) for the wireless network.
You must configure each wireless client to
use this name as well.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-21
Interfaces
Parameter
Description
Auto Channel
Select
The AP scans the area for other
Access Points and selects a free or relatively
unused communication channel. This helps
prevent interference problems and increases
network performance. By default this feature
is enabled. Note that you cannot disable Auto
Channel Select for 802.11a products in
Europe (see Dynamic Frequency Selection
(DFS) for details). See 802.11a Channel
Frequencies for a list of Channels.
Frequency
Channel
When Auto Channel Select is enabled, this
field is read-only and displays the
Access Point’s current operating Channel.
When Auto Channel Select is disabled, you
can specify the Access Point’s channel. If you
decide to manually set the unit’s Channel,
ensure that nearby devices do not use the
same frequency. Available Channels vary
based on regulatory domain. See 802.11a
Channel Frequencies. Note that you cannot
manually set the channel for 802.11a
products in Europe (see Dynamic Frequency
Selection (DFS) for details).
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Interfaces
Parameter
Description
Transmit Rate
Use the drop-down menu to select a specific
transmit rate for the AP. Choose between 6,
9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 Mbits/s, and Auto
Fallback. Auto Fallback is the default setting;
it allows the AP unit to select the best
transmit rate based on the cell size.
DTIM Period
The Deferred Traffic Indicator Map (DTIM) is
used with clients that have power
management enabled. DTIM should be left at
1, the default value, if any clients have power
management enabled. This parameter
supports a range between 1 and 255.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
4-23
Interfaces
Parameter
Description
RTS/CTS Medium
Reservation
This parameter affects message flow control
and should not be changed under normal
circumstances. Range is 0 to 2347. When set
to a value between 0 and 2347, the
Access Point uses the RTS/CTS mechanism
for packets that are the specified size or
greater. When set to 2347 (the default
setting), RTS/CTS is disabled. See RTS/CTS
Medium Reservation for more information.
Closed System
Check this box to allow only clients
configured with the Access Point’s specific
Network Name to associate with the
Access Point. When enabled, a client
configured with the Network Name “ANY”
cannot connect to the AP. This option is
disabled by default.
Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS)
802.11a APs sold in Europe use a technique called Dynamic Frequency
Selection (DFS) to automatically select an operating channel. During
boot-up, the AP scans the available frequency and selects a channel that
is free of interference. If the AP subsequently detects interference on its
channel, it automatically reboots and selects another channel that is free
of interference.
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DFS only applies to 802.11a APs used in Europe (i.e., units whose
regulatory domain is set to ETSI). The European Telecommunications
Standard Institute (ETSI) requires that 802.11a devices use DFS to
prevent interference with radar systems and other devices that already
occupy the 5 GHz band.
If you are using an 802.11a AP in Europe, keep in mind the following:
• DFS is not a configurable parameter. It is always enabled and
cannot be disabled.
• You cannot manually select the device’s operating channel; you
must let DFS select the channel.
• You cannot configure the Auto Channel Select option. Within the
HTTP interface, this option always appears enabled.
RTS/CTS Medium Reservation
The 802.11 standard supports optional RTS/CTS communication based
on packet size. Without RTS/CTS, a sending radio listens to see if
another radio is already using the medium before transmitting a data
packet. If the medium is free, the sending radio transmits its packet.
However, there is no guarantee that another radio is not transmitting a
packet at the same time, causing a collision. This typically occurs when
there are hidden nodes (clients that can communicate with the
Access Point but are out of range of each other) in very large cells.
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When RTS/CTS occurs, the following occurs.
1. The sending radio first transmits a Request to Send (RTS) packet
to confirm that the medium is clear.
2. When the receiving radio successfully receives the RTS packet, it
transmits back a Clear to Send (CTS) packet to the sending radio.
3. When the sending radio receives the CTS packet, it sends the data
packet to the receiving radio. The RTS and CTS packets contain a
reservation time to notify other radios (including hidden nodes) that
the medium is in use for a specified period. This helps to minimize
collisions.
While RTS/CTS adds overhead to the radio network, it is particularly
useful for large packets that take longer to resend after a collision occurs.
RTS/CTS Medium Reservation is an advanced parameter and supports a
range between 0 and 2347 bytes. When set to 2347 (the default setting),
the RTS/CTS mechanism is disabled. When set to 0, the RTS/CTS
mechanism is used for all packets. When set to a value between 0 and
2347, the Access Point uses the RTS/CTS mechanism for packets that
are the specified size or greater. You should not need to enable this
parameter for most networks unless you suspect that the wireless cell
contains hidden nodes.
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Wireless (802.11b)
You can configure and view the following parameters within the Wireless
Interface Configuration screen for an 802.11b AP:
NOTE:
You must reboot the Access Point before any changes to these
parameters take effect.
Parameter
Description
Physical Interface
Type
For 802.11b AP, this field reports: “802.11b
(DSSS 2.4 GHz).” DSSS stands for Direct
Sequence Spread Spectrum; this is the name
for the radio technology used by 802.11b
devices.
MAC Address
This is a read-only field that displays the
unique MAC (Media Access Control) address
for the Access Point’s wireless interface. The
MAC address is assigned at the factory.
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Interfaces
Parameter
Regulatory
Domain
Description
Reports the regulatory domain for which the
AP is certified. Not all features or channels
are available in all countries. The available
regulatory domains include:
• FCC - U.S./Canada, Mexico, and
Australia
• ETSI - Most of Europe, including the
United Kingdom, Ireland, Singapore,
and Hong Kong
• MKK: Japan
• IL - Israel
Network Name
(SSID)
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Enter a Network Name (between 1 and 32
characters long) for the wireless network. You
must configure each wireless client to use
this name as well.
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Parameter
Description
Auto Channel
Select
The AP scans the area for other
Access Points and selects a free or relatively
unused communication channel. This helps
prevent interference problems and increases
network performance. By default this feature
is enabled; see 802.11b Channel
Frequencies for a list of Channels. However,
if you are setting up a Wireless Distribution
System (WDS), it must be disabled. See
Wireless Distribution System (WDS) for more
information.
Frequency
Channel
When Auto Channel Select is enabled, this
field is read-only and displays the
Access Point’s current operating channel.
When Auto Channel Select is disabled, you
can specify the Access Point’s operating
channel. If you decide to manually set the
unit’s channel, ensure that nearby devices do
not use the same frequency (unless you are
setting up a WDS). Available Channels vary
based on regulatory domain. See 802.11b
Channel Frequencies.
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Parameter
Distance Between
APs
4-30
Description
Set to Large, Medium, Small, Microcell, or
Minicell depending on the site survey for
your system. By default, this parameter is set
to Large. The distance value is related to the
Multicast Rate (described next). In general,
a larger distance between APs means that
your clients operate a slower data rates (on
average). See Distance Between APs for
more information.
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Parameter
Multicast Rate
Description
Sets the rate at which Multicast messages
are sent. This value is related to the Distance
Between APs parameter (described
previously). The table below displays the
possible Multicast Rates based on the
Distance between APs setting. By default,
this parameter is set to 2 Mbits/sec. See
Multicast Rate for more information.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Distance
between APs
Multicast Rate
Large
1 and 2 Mbits/sec
Medium
1, 2, and 5.5
Mbits/sec
Small
1, 2, 5.5 and 11
Mbits/sec
Minicell
1, 2, 5.5 and 11
Mbits/sec
Microcell
1, 2, 5.5 and 11
Mbits/sec
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Parameter
Description
DTIM Period
The Deferred Traffic Indicator Map (DTIM) is
used with clients that have power
management enabled. DTIM should be left at
1, the default value, if any clients have power
management enabled. This parameter
supports a range between 1 and 255.
RTS/CTS Medium
Reservation
This parameter affects message flow control
and should not be changed under normal
circumstances. Range is 0 to 2347. When set
to a value between 0 and 2347, the
Access Point uses the RTS/CTS mechanism
for packets that are the specified size or
greater. When set to 2347 (the default
setting), RTS/CTS is disabled. See RTS/CTS
Medium Reservation for more information.
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Parameter
Description
Interference
Robustness
Enable this option if other electrical devices in
the 2.4 GHz frequency band (such as a
microwave oven or a cordless phone) may be
interfering with the wireless signal. The AP
will automatically fragment large packets into
multiple smaller packets when interference is
detected to increase the likelihood that the
messages will be received in the presence of
interference. The receiving radio
reassembles the original packet once all
fragments have been received. This option is
disabled by default.
Closed System
Check this box to allow only clients
configured with the Access Point’s specific
Network Name to associate with the
Access Point. When enabled, a client
configured with the Network Name “ANY”
cannot connect to the AP. This option is
disabled by default.
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Parameter
Description
Load Balancing
Enable this option so clients can evaluate
which Access Point to associate with, based
on current AP loads. This feature is enabled
by default; it helps distribute the wireless load
between APs. This feature is not available if
you are using an Avaya 802.11a/b Card or a
non-Avaya Wireless client with the AP.
Medium Density
Distribution
When enabled, the Access Point
automatically notifies wireless clients of its
Distance Between APs, Interference
Robustness, and RTS/CTS Medium
Reservation settings. This feature is
enabled by default and allows clients to
automatically adopt the values used by its
current Access Point (even if these values
differ from the client’s default values or from
the values supported by other
Access Points).
NOTE:
This feature is not available if you are using an
Avaya 802.11a/b Card or a non-Avaya Wireless
client with the AP. Avaya recommends that you
leave this parameter enabled, particularly if you
have Avaya Wireless clients on your wireless
network (leaving this parameter enabled should not
adversely affect the performance of any
Avaya 802.11a/b Cards or non-Avaya Wireless
cards on your network).
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Distance Between APs
Distance Between APs defines how far apart (physically) your AP devices
are located, which in turn determines the size of your cell. Cells of
different sizes have different capacities and, therefore, suit different
applications. For instance, a typical office has many stations that require
high bandwidth for complex, high-speed data processing. In contrast, a
typical warehouse has a few forklifts requiring low bandwidth for simple
transactions.
NOTE:
This feature is not available if you are using an
Avaya 802.11a/b Card or a non-Avaya Wireless client with the AP.
Cell capacities are compared in the following table, which shows that
small cells suit most offices and large cells suit most warehouses:
Small Cell
Large Cell
Physically accommodates few Physically accommodates
stations
many stations
High cell bandwidth per station Lower cell bandwidth per
station
High transmit rate
Lower transmit rate
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Interfaces
Coverage
The number of Access Points in a set area determines the network
coverage for that area. A large number of Access Points covering a small
area is a high-density cell. A few Access Points, or even a single unit,
covering the same small area would result in a low-density cell, even
though in both cases the actual area did not change — only the number of
Access Points covering the area changed.
In a typical office, a high density area consists of a number of
Access Points installed every 20 feet and each Access Point generates a
small radio cell with a diameter of about 10 feet. In contrast, a typical
warehouse might have a low density area consisting of large cells (with a
diameter of about 90 feet) and Access Points installed every 200 feet.
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Figure 4-5.
Low Density vs. Ultra High Density Network
The Distance Between Cells parameter supports five values: Large,
Medium, Small, Minicell, and Microcell.
! CAUTION:
The distance between APs should not be approximated. It is calculated
by means of a manual Site Survey, in which an AP is set up and clients
are tested throughout the area to determine signal strength and coverage,
and local limits such as physical interference are investigated. From these
measurements the appropriate cell size and density is determined, and
the optimum distance between APs is calculated to suit your particular
business requirements. Contact your reseller for information on how to
conduct a Site Survey.
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Interfaces
Multicast Rate
The multicast rate determines the rate at which broadcast and multicast
packets are transmitted by the Access Point to the wireless network.
Stations that are closer to the Access Point can receive multicast packets
at a faster data rate than stations that are farther away from the AP.
You should set the Multicast Rate based on the size of the Access Point’s
cell.
If the Access Point’s cell is very small (for example, Distance Between
APs is set to Microcell), you can expect that all stations should be able to
successfully receive multicast packets at 11 MBits/sec so you can set
Multicast Rate to 11 Mbits/sec. However, if the Access Point’s cell is
large, you need to accommodate stations that may not be able to receive
multicast packets at the higher rates; in this case, you should set
Multicast Rate to 1 or 2 Mbits/sec.
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Figure 4-6.
1 Mbits/s and 11 Mbits/s Multicast Rates
NOTE:
There is an inter-dependent relationship between the Distance
between APs and the Multicast Rate. In general, larger systems
operate at a lower average transmit rate. The variation between
Multicast Rate and Distance Between APs is presented in the
following table:
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Interfaces
Large
Medium
Small
Minicell
Microcell
1.0 Mbit/s
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
2.0 Mbits/s
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
5.5 Mbits/s
yes
yes
yes
yes
11 Mbits/s
yes
yes
yes
The Distance Between APs must be set before the Multicast Rate,
because when you select the Distance Between APs, the appropriate
range of Multicast values automatically populates the drop-down menu.
Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
A Wireless Distribution System (WDS) creates a link between two
802.11b APs over their radio interfaces. This link relays traffic from one
802.11b AP that does not have Ethernet connectivity to a second 802.11b
AP that has Ethernet connectivity. WDS allows you to configure up to six
(6) point-to-point links between Access Points.
In the WDS Example that follows, AP 1 and AP 2 communicate over a
WDS link (represented by the blue line). This link provides Client 1 with
access to network resources even though AP 1 is not directly connected
to the Ethernet network. Packets destined for or sent by the client are
relayed between the Access Points over the WDS link.
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NOTE:
This feature is not available with an 802.11a or 802.11b/g AP.
Figure 4-7.
WDS Example
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Interfaces
Bridging WDS
Each WDS link is mapped to a logical WDS port on the 802.11b AP. WDS
ports behave like Ethernet ports rather than like standard wireless
interfaces: on a BSS port, an Access Point learns by association and from
frames; on a WDS or Ethernet port, an Access Point learns from frames
only. When setting up a WDS, keep in mind the following:
Communication Bandwidth: The WDS link shares the communication
bandwidth with the clients. Therefore, while the maximum data rate for the
Access Point’s cell is still 11 Mb, client throughput will decrease when the
WDS link is active.
Partner MAC Address:
• If there is no partner MAC address configured in the WDS table, the
WDS port remains disabled.
• Each WDS port on a single 802.11b AP should have a unique
partner MAC address. Do not enter the same MAC address twice in
an AP’s WDS port list.
Channel: Each Access Point that is a member of the WDS must have the
same Channel setting to communicate with each other.
WEP Encryption: Each Access Point that is a member of the WDS must
have the same WEP Encryption settings. WDS does not use 802.1x.
Therefore, if you want to encrypt the WDS link, you must configure each
Access Point to use WEP encryption (either WEP encryption only or
Mixed Mode), and each Access Point must have the same Encryption
Key(s). See Security.
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Spanning Tree: If your network does not support spanning tree, be
careful to avoid creating network loops between APs. For example,
creating a WDS link between two Access Points connected to the same
Ethernet network will create a network loop (if spanning tree is disabled).
WDS Setup Procedure
NOTE:
You must disable Auto Channel Select to create a WDS.
To setup a wireless backbone follow the steps below for each 802.11b AP
that you wish to include in the Wireless Distribution System.
1. Confirm that Auto Channel Select is disabled.
2. Write down the MAC Address of the radio that you wish to include
in the Wireless Distribution System.
3. Open the Wireless Interface Configuration screen.
4. Scroll down to the Wireless Distribution System heading.
5. Click the Edit button to update the Wireless Distribution System
(WDS) Table.
6. Enter the MAC Address that you wrote down in Step 2 in one of the
Partner MAC Address field of the Wireless Distribution Setup
window.
7. Set the Status of the device to Enable.
8. Click OK.
9. Restart the AP.
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Interfaces
Figure 4-8.
WDS Configuration
NOTE:
To set up a Wireless Distribution System (WDS) with 802.1x, set
each Access Point’s 802.1x Security Mode to Mixed and assign
each unit in the WDS the same Encryption Key 1. See Security.
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Wireless (802.11b/g)
You can configure the following radio parameters for an 802.11b/g AP:
NOTE:
You must reboot the Access Point before any changes to these
parameters take effect.
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Parameter
Operational Mode
Description
An 802.11b/g wireless interface can be
configured to operate in the following modes:
• 802.11b mode only: The radio uses the
802.11b standard only.
• 802.11g mode only: The radio is
optimized to communicate with 802.11g
devices. This setting will provide the
best results if this radio interface will
only communicate with 802.11g
devices.
• 802.11bg mode: This is the default
mode. Use this mode if you want to
support a mix of 802.11b and 802.11g
devices.
• 802.11g-wifi: This mode was developed
for Wi-Fi compliance testing purposes. It
is similar to 802.11g only mode.
In general, you should use either 802.11g
only mode (if you want to support 802.11g
devices only) or 802.11bg mode to support a
mix of 802.11b and 802.11g devices.
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Parameter
Physical Interface
Type
Description
Depending on the Operational Mode, this field
reports:
• For 802.11b mode only: "802.11b
(CCK/DSSS 2.4 GHz)"
• For 802.11g and 802.11g-wifi modes:
"802.11g (OFDM/DSSS 2.4 GHz)"
• For 802.11bg mode: "802.11b/g
(ERP-CCK/DSSS/OFDM 2.4 GHz)"
OFDM stands for Orthogonal Frequency
Division Multiplexing; this is the name for the
radio technology used by 802.11a devices.
DSSS stands for Direct Sequence Spread
Spectrum; this is the name for the radio
technology used by 802.11b devices.
MAC Address
This is a read-only field that displays the
unique MAC (Media Access Control) address
for the Access Point’s wireless interface. The
MAC address is assigned at the factory.
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Parameter
Regulatory
Domain
Description
Reports the regulatory domain for which the
AP is certified. Not all features or channels
are available in all countries. The available
regulatory domains include:
• FCC - U.S./Canada, Mexico, and
Australia
• ETSI - Europe, including the United
Kingdom, China, and South Korea
• MKK - Japan
• IL - Israel
Network Name
(SSID)
Enter a Network Name (between 1 and 32
characters long) for the wireless network. You
must configure each wireless client to use
this name as well.
Auto Channel
Select
The AP scans the area for other Access
Points and selects a free or relatively unused
communication channel. This helps prevent
interference problems and increases network
performance. By default this feature is
enabled; see 802.11g Channel Frequencies
for a list of Channels.
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Parameter
Description
Frequency
Channel
When Auto Channel Select is enabled, this
field is read-only and displays the Access
Point’s current operating channel. When Auto
Channel Select is disabled, you can specify
the Access Point’s operating channel. If you
decide to manually set the unit’s channel,
ensure that nearby devices do not use the
same frequency (unless you are setting up a
WDS). Available Channels vary based on
regulatory domain. See 802.11g Channel
Frequencies.
Transmit Rate
Select a specific transmit rate for the AP. The
values available depend on the Operational
Mode. Auto Fallback is the default setting; it
allows the AP to select the best transmit rate
based on the cell size.
• For 802.11b only -- Auto Fallback, 1, 2,
5.5, 11 Mbits/sec
• For 802.11g only -- Auto Fallback, 6, 9,
12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 Mbits/sec
• For 802.11bg and 802.11g-wifi -- Auto
Fallback, 1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24,
36, 48, 54 Mbits/sec
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Parameter
Description
DTIM Period
The Deferred Traffic Indicator Map (DTIM) is
used with clients that have power
management enabled. DTIM should be left at
1, the default value, if any clients have power
management enabled. This parameter
supports a range between 1 and 255.
RTS/CTS Medium
Reservation
This parameter affects message flow control
and should not be changed under normal
circumstances. Range is 0 to 2347. When set
to a value between 0 and 2347, the Access
Point uses the RTS/CTS mechanism for
packets that are the specified size or greater.
When set to 2347 (the default setting),
RTS/CTS is disabled. See RTS/CTS Medium
Reservation for more information.
Closed System
Check this box to allow only clients
configured with the Access Point’s specific
Network Name to associate with the Access
Point. When enabled, a client configured with
the Network Name "ANY” cannot connect to
the AP. This option is disabled by default.
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Ethernet
Select the desired speed and transmission mode from the drop-down
menu. Half-duplex means that only one side can transmit at a time and
full-duplex allows both sides to transmit. When set to auto-duplex, the AP
negotiates with its switch or hub to automatically select the highest
throughput option supported by both sides.
For best results, Avaya recommends that you configure the Ethernet
setting to match the speed and transmission mode of the device the
Access Point is connected to (such as a hub or switch). If in doubt, leave
this setting at its default, auto-speed-auto-duplex. Choose between:
• 10 Mbit/s - half duplex, full duplex, or auto duplex
• 100 Mbit/s - half duplex or full duplex
• auto speed - half duplex or auto duplex
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Management
Management
The Management category contains three sub-categories.
• Passwords
• IP Access Table
• Services
Passwords
You can configure the following passwords:
Type
Description
SNMP Read
Password
For read access to the AP using SNMP.
Enter a password in both the Password
field and the Confirm field. The default
password is “public”.
SNMP Read/Write
Password
For read and write access to the AP using
SNMP. Enter a password in both the
Password field and the Confirm field. The
default password is “public”.
Telnet (CLI)
Password
For the CLI interface (via serial or Telnet).
Enter a password in both the Password
field and the Confirm field. The default
password is “public”.
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Management
Type
Description
HTTP (Web)
Password
For the Web browser HTTP interface. Enter
a password in both the Password field and
the Confirm field. The default password is
“public”.
NOTE:
For security purposes Avaya recommends changing ALL
PASSWORDS from the default “public” immediately, to restrict
access to your network devices to authorized personnel. If you
lose or forget your password settings, you can always perform
the Reset to Factory Default Procedure.
IP Access Table
The Management IP Access table limits in-band management access to
the IP addresses or range of IP addresses specified in the table. This
feature applies to all management options (SNMP, HTTP, and CLI) except
for CLI management over the serial port. To configure this table, click Add
and set the following parameters:
• IP Address: Enter the IP Address for the management station.
• IP Mask: Enter a mask that will act as a filter to limit access to a
range of IP Addresses based on the IP Address you already
entered.
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Management
— The IP mask 255.255.255.255 would authorize the single
station defined by the IP Address to configure the
Access Point. The AP would ignore commands from any other
IP address. In contrast, the IP mask 255.255.255.0 would
allow any device that shares the first three octets of the IP
address to configure the AP. For example, if you enter an IP
address of 10.20.30.1 with a 255.255.255.0 subnet mask, any
IP address between 10.20.30.1 and 10.20.30.254 will have
access to the AP’s management interfaces.
• Comment: Enter an optional comment, such as the station name.
To edit or delete an entry, click Edit. Edit the information, or select
Enable, Disable, or Delete from the Status pull-down menu.
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Management
Services
You can configure the following management services:
NOTE:
You must reboot the Access Point if you change the HTTP Port or
Telnet Port.
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Management
SNMP Settings
Setting
SNMP Interface
Bitmask
Description
Configure the interface or interfaces
(Ethernet, Wireless, All Interfaces) from
which you will manage the AP via SNMP.
You can also select Disabled to prevent a
user from accessing the AP via SNMP.
HTTP Access
Setting
HTTP Interface
Bitmap
4-56
Description
Configure the interface or interfaces
(Ethernet, Wireless, All Interfaces) from
which you will manage the AP via the Web
interface. For example, to allow Web
configuration via the Ethernet network only,
set HTTP Interface Bitmask to Ethernet.
You can also select Disabled to prevent a
user from accessing the AP from the Web
interface.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Management
Setting
Description
HTTP Port
Configure the HTTP port from which you
will manage the AP via the Web interface.
By default, the HTTP port is 80.
Enable HTTP Setup
Wizard
The Setup Wizard appears automatically
the first time you access the HTTP
interface. If you exited out of the Setup
Wizard and want to relaunch it, enable this
option, click OK, and then close your
browser or reboot the AP. The Setup
Wizard will appear the next time you access
the HTTP interface.
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Management
Figure 4-9.
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Management Services Configuration Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Management
Telnet Configuration Settings
Setting
Description
Telnet Interface
Bitmask
Select the interface (Ethernet, Wireless,
All Interfaces) from which you can manage
the AP via telnet. This parameter can also
be used to Disable telnet management.
Telnet Port
The default port number for Telnet
applications is 23. However, you can use
this field if you want to change the Telnet
port for security reasons (but your Telnet
application also must support the new port
number you select).
Login Idle Timeout
(seconds)
Enter the number of seconds the system
will wait for a login attempt. The AP
terminates the session when it times out.
The range is 1 to 300 seconds; the default
is 30 seconds.
Session Idle
Timeout (seconds)
Enter the number of seconds the system
will wait during a session while there is no
activity. The AP will terminate the session
on timeout. The range is 1 to 36000
seconds; the default is 900 seconds.
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Management
Serial Configuration Settings
The serial port interface on the AP is enabled at all times. See Setting IP
Address using Serial Port for information on how to access the CLI
interface via the serial port. You can configure and view following
parameters:
Setting
Description
Baud Rate
Select the serial port speed (bits per
second). Choose between 2400, 4800,
9600, 19200, 38400, or 57600; the default
Baud Rate is 9600.
Flow Control
Select either None (default) or Xon/Xoff
(software controlled) data flow control.
NOTE:
To avoid potential problems when
communicating with the AP through
the serial port, Avaya recommends that
you leave the Flow Control setting at
None (the default value).
Serial Data Bits
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This is a read-only field and displays the
number of data bits used in serial
communication (8 data bits by default).
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Filtering
Setting
Description
Serial Parity
This is a read-only field and displays the
number of parity bits used in serial
communication (no parity bits by default).
Serial Stop Bits
This is a read-only field that displays the
number of stop bits used in serial
communication (1 stop bit by default).
NOTE:
The serial port bit configuration is
commonly referred to as 8N1.
Filtering
The Access Point’s Packet Filtering features help control the amount of
traffic exchanged between the wired and wireless networks. There are
four sub-categories under the Filtering heading.
• Ethernet Protocol
• Static MAC
• Advanced
• TCP/UDP Port
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Ethernet Protocol
The Ethernet Protocol Filter blocks or forwards packets based on the
Ethernet protocols they support.
Follow these steps to configure the Ethernet Protocol Filter:
1. Select the interface or interfaces that will implement the filter from
the Ethernet Protocol Filtering drop-down menu.
— Ethernet: Packets are examined at the Ethernet interface
— Wireless: Packets are examined at the Wireless interface
— All Interfaces: Packets are examined at both interfaces
— Disabled: The filter is not used
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Filtering
2. Select the Filter Operation Type.
— If set to Passthru, only the enabled Ethernet Protocols listed
in the Filter Table will pass through the bridge.
— If set to Block, the bridge will block enabled Ethernet
Protocols listed in the Filter Table.
3. Configure the Ethernet Protocol Filter Table. This table is
pre-populated with existing Ethernet Protocol Filters, however, you
may enter additional filters by specifying the appropriate
parameters.
— To add an entry, click Add, and then specify the Protocol
Number and a Protocol Name.
• Protocol Number: Enter the protocol number. See
http://www.iana.org/assignments/ethernet-numbers for a
list of protocol numbers.
• Protocol Name: Enter related information, typically the
protocol name.
— To edit or delete an entry, click Edit and change the
information, or select Enable, Disable, or Delete from the
Status drop-down menu.
— An entry’s status must be enabled in order for the protocol to
be subject to the filter.
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Filtering
Static MAC
The Static MAC Address filter optimizes the performance of a wireless
(and wired) network. When this feature is properly configured, the AP can
block traffic between wired devices and wireless devices based on MAC
address.
For example, you can set up a Static MAC filter to prevent wireless clients
from communicating with a specific server on the Ethernet network. You
can also use this filter to block unnecessary multicast packets from being
forwarded to the wireless network.
NOTE:
The Static MAC Filter is an advanced feature. You may find it easier
to control wireless traffic via other filtering options, such as Ethernet
Protocol Filtering.
Each static MAC entry contains the following fields:
• Wired MAC Address
• Wired Mask
• Wireless MAC Address
• Wireless Mask
• Comment: This field is optional.
Each MAC Address or Mask is comprised of 12 hexadecimal digits (0-9,
A-F) that correspond to a 48-bit identifier. (Each hexadecimal digit
represents 4 bits (0 or 1).)
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Filtering
Taken together, a MAC Address/Mask pair specifies an address or a
range of MAC addresses that the AP will look for when examining
packets. The AP uses Boolean logic to perform an “AND” operation
between the MAC Address and the Mask at the bit level. However, for
most users, you do not need to think in terms of bits. It should be sufficient
to create a filter using only the hexadecimal digits 0 and F in the Mask
(where 0 is any value and F is the value specified in the MAC address). A
Mask of 00:00:00:00:00:00 corresponds to all MAC addresses, and a
Mask of FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF applies only to the specified MAC Address.
Example
For example, if the MAC Address is 00:20:A6:12:54:C3 and the Mask is
FF:FF:FF:00:00:00, the AP will examine the source and destination
addresses of each packet looking for any MAC address starting with
00:20:A6. If the Mask is FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF, the AP will only look for the
specific MAC address (in this case, 00:20:A6:12:54:C3).
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Filtering
When creating a filter, you can configure the Wired parameters only, the
Wireless parameters only, or both sets of parameters. Which parameters
to configure depends upon the traffic that you want block:
To block all traffic ...
Configure ...
from a specific wired
MAC address from
being forwarded to
the wireless network
only the Wired MAC Address and Wired
Mask (leave the Wireless MAC Address
and Wireless Mask set to all zeros).
from a specific
wireless MAC
address from being
forwarded to the
wired network
only the Wireless MAC address and
Wireless Mask (leave the Wired MAC
Address and Wired Mask set to all zeros).
between a specific
wired MAC address
and a specific
wireless MAC
address
all four parameters.
Creating an Entry
To create an entry, click Add and enter the appropriate MAC addresses
and Masks to setup a filter. The entry is enabled automatically when
saved. To edit an entry, click Edit. To disable or remove an entry, click
Edit and change the Status field from Enable to Disable or Delete.
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Filtering
Figure 4-10.
Static MAC Configuration Screen
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Filtering
Static MAC Filter Examples
Consider a network that contains a wired server and three wireless
clients. The MAC address for each unit is as follows:
• Wired Server: 00:40:F4:1C:DB:6A
• ireless Client 1: 00:02:2D:51:94:E4
• Wireless Client 2: 00:02:2D:51:32:12
• Wireless Client 3: 00:20:A6:12:4E:38
Prevent Two Specific Devices from Communicating
Configure the following settings to prevent the Wired Server and Wireless
Client 1 from communicating:
• Wired MAC Address: 00:40:F4:1C:DB:6A
• Wired Mask: FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF
• Wireless MAC Address: 00:02:2D:51:94:E4
• Wireless Mask: FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF
Result: Traffic between the Wired Server and Wireless Client 1 is
blocked. Wireless Clients 2 and 3 can still communicate with the Wired
Server.
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Prevent Multiple Wireless Devices From Communicating With a
Single Wired Device
Configure the following settings to prevent Wireless Clients 1 and 2 from
communicating with the Wired Server.
• Wired MAC Address: 00:40:F4:1C:DB:6A
• Wired Mask: FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF
• Wireless MAC Address: 00:02:2D:51:94:E4
• Wireless Mask: FF:FF:FF:00:00:00
Result: When a logical “AND” is performed on the Wireless MAC
Address and Wireless Mask, the result corresponds to any MAC address
beginning with the 00:20:2D prefix. Since Wireless Client 1 and Wireless
Client 2 share the same prefix (00:02:2D), traffic between the Wired
Server and Wireless Clients 1 and 2 is blocked. Wireless Client 3 can still
communicate with the Wired Server since it has a different prefix
(00:20:A6).
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Filtering
Prevent All Wireless Devices From Communicating With a Single
Wired Device
Configure the following settings to prevent all three Wireless Clients from
communicating with Wired Server 1.
• Wired MAC Address: 00:40:F4:1C:DB:6A
• Wired Mask: FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF
• Wireless MAC Address: 00:00:00:00:00:00
• Wireless Mask: 00:00:00:00:00:00
Result: The Access Point blocks all traffic between Wired Server 1 and
all wireless clients.
Prevent A Wireless Device From Communicating With the Wired
Network
Configure the following settings to prevent Wireless Client 3 from
communicating with any device on the Ethernet.
• Wired MAC Address: 00:00:00:00:00:00
• Wired Mask: 00:00:00:00:00:00
• Wireless MAC Address: 00:20:A6:12:4E:38
• Wireless Mask: FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF
Result: The Access Point blocks all traffic between Wireless Client 3 and
the Ethernet network.
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Filtering
Prevent Messages Destined for a Specific Multicast Group from
Being Forwarded to the Wireless LAN
If there are devices on your Ethernet network that use multicast packets
to communicate and these packets are not required by your wireless
clients, you can set up a Static MAC filter to preserve wireless bandwidth.
For example, if routers on your network use a specific multicast address
(such as 01:00:5E:00:32:4B) to exchange information, you can set up a
filter to prevent these multicast packets from being forwarded to the
wireless network:
• Wired MAC Address: 01:00:5E:00:32:4B
• Wired Mask: FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF
• Wireless MAC Address: 00:00:00:00:00:00
• Wireless Mask: 00:00:00:00:00:00
Result: The Access Point does not forward any packets that have a
destination address of 01:00:5E:00:32:4B to the wireless network.
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Filtering
Advanced
You can configure the following advanced filtering options:
• Enable Proxy ARP: Place a check mark in the box provided to allow
the Access Point to respond to Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)
requests for wireless clients. When enabled, the AP answers ARP
requests for wireless stations without actually forwarding them to
the wireless network. If disabled, the Access Point will bridge ARP
requests for wireless clients to the wireless LAN.
• Enable IP/ARP Filtering: Place a check mark in the box provided
to allow IP/ARP filtering based on the IP/ARP Filtering Address and
IP Mask. Leave the box unchecked to prevent filtering. If enabled,
you should also configure the IP/ARP Filtering Address and IP/ARP
IP Mask.
— IP/ARP Filtering Address: Enter the Network filtering IP
Address.
— IP/ARP IP Mask: Enter the Network Mask IP Address.
The following protocols are listed in the Advanced Filter Table:
• Deny IPX RIP
• Deny IPX SAP
• Deny IPX LSP
• Deny IP Broadcasts
• Deny IP Multicasts
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Filtering
The AP can filter these protocols in the wireless-to-Ethernet direction, the
Ethernet-to-wireless direction, or in both directions. Click Edit and use the
Status field to Enable or Disable the filter.
TCP/UDP Port
Port-based filtering enables you to control wireless user access to
network services by selectively blocking TCP/UDP protocols through the
AP. A user specifies a Protocol Name, Port Number, Port Type (TCP,
UDP, or TCP/UDP), and filtering interfaces (Wireless only, Ethernet only,
all interfaces, or no interfaces) in order to block access to services, such
as Telnet and FTP, and traffic, such as NETBIOS and HTTP.
For example, an AP with the following configuration would discard frames
received on its Ethernet interface with a UDP destination port number of
137, effectively blocking NETBIOS Name Service packets.
Protocol
Type
(TCP/UDP)
UDP
Destination
Port
Number
137
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Protocol
Name
NETBIOS
Name
Service
Interface
Ethernet
Status
(Enable/Dis
able)
Enable
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Adding TCP/UDP Port Filters
1. Place a check mark in the box labeled Enable TCP/UDP Port
Filtering.
2. Click Add under the TCP/UDP Port Filter Table heading.
3. In the TCP/UDP Port Filter Table, enter the Protocol Names to
filter.
4. Set the destination Port Number (a value between 0 and 65535) to
filter. See the IANA Web site at
http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers for a list of
assigned port numbers and their descriptions.
5. Set the Port Type for the protocol: TCP, UDP, or both (TCP/UDP).
6. Set the Interface to filter:
— Wireless
— Ethernet
— All interfaces
— No interfaces
7. Click OK.
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Editing TCP/UDP Port Filters
1. Click Edit under the TCP/UDP Port Filter Table heading.
2. Make any changes to the Protocol Name or Port Number for a
specific entry, if necessary.
3. In the row that defines the port, set the Status to Enable, Disable,
or Delete, as appropriate.
4. Select OK.
Alarms
This category has three sub-categories.
• Groups
• Alarm Host Table
• Syslog
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Groups
There are seven alarm groups that can be enabled or disabled via the
Web interface. Place a check mark in the box provided to enable a
specific group. Remove the check mark from the box to disable the
alarms. Alarm Severity Levels vary.
• Configuration Alarm
Trap Name
oriTrapDNSIPNotConfigured
Description
This traps is generated when the
DNS IP Address has not been
configured.
Severity Level: Major
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• Security Alarms
Trap Name
oriTrapAuthenticationFailure
Description
This trap is generated when a client
authentication failure occurs. The
authentication failures can range
from:
- MAC Access Control Table
- RADIUS MAC Authentication
- 802.1x Authentication specifying
the EAP-Type
Severity Level: Major
oriTrapUnauthorizedManage
rDetected
This trap is generated when an
unauthorized manager has
attempted to view and/or modify
parameters.
Severity Level: Major
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Alarms
• Wireless Alarms
Trap Name
oriTrapWLCNotPresent
Description
When you start the AP, this trap is
generated when a wireless
interface/card is not present in the
AP.
Severity Level: Informational
oriTrapWLCFailure
This trap is generated when a
general failure occurs with the
wireless interface/card.
Severity Level: Critical
oriTrapWLCRemoval
This trap is generated when the
wireless interface/card has been
removed from the device.
Severity Level: Critical
oriTrapWLCIncompatibleFir
mware
This trap is generated when the
firmware of the wireless
interface/card is incompatible with
the AP.
Severity Level: Critical
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Alarms
oriTrapWLCVoltageDiscrepa
ncy
The dual-radio AP supports 3.3 V
and 5 V wireless cards. This trap is
generated when a wireless
interface/card using a different
voltage is inserted in the AP.
Severity Level: Critical
oriTrapWLCIncompatibleVen
dor
This trap is generated when an
incompatible wireless vendor card is
inserted or present in the AP.
Severity Level: Critical
oriTrapWLCFirmwareDownlo
adFailure
This trap is generated when a failure
occurs during the firmware download
process of the wireless
interface/card.
Severity Level: Critical
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Alarms
• Operational Alarms
Trap Name
oriTrapWatchDogTimerExpir
ed
Description
This trap is generated when the
software watch dog timer expires.
This indicates that a problem has
occurred with one or more software
modules and the AP will reboot
automatically.
Trap Severity Level: Critical
oriTrapRADIUSServerNotRe
sponding
This trap is generated when no
response is received from the
RADIUS server(s) for authentication
requests sent from the RADIUS
client in the AP.
Trap Severity Level: Major
oriTrapModuleNotInitialized
This trap is generated when a certain
software or hardware module is not
initialized or fails to initialize.
Trap Severity Level: Major
oriTrapDeviceRebooting
This trap is generated when the AP is
rebooting.
Trap Severity Level: Informational
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oriTrapTaskSuspended
This trap is generated when a
software task in the AP is
suspended.
Trap Severity Level: Critical
oriTrapBootPFailed
In bootloader mode, this trap is
generated when the AP does not
receive a response from the BootP
server. The result is that the Access
Point reverts to its static IP
configuration and you will need to set
reset configuration options.
Trap Severity Level: Major
oriTrapDHCPFailed
In operational mode, this trap is
generated when the AP does not
receive a response from the DHCP
server. The result is that the Access
Point reverts to its static IP
configuration and you will need to set
reset configuration options.
Trap Severity Level: Major
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Alarms
• FLASH Memory Alarms
Trap Name
oriTrapFlashMemoryEmpty
Description
This trap is generated when an error
occurs while downloading a file to the
AP and no data is present in the flash
memory.
Severity Level: Informational
oriTrapFlashMemoryCorrupt
ed
This trap is generated when an error
occurs while downloading a file to the
AP and the data in the flash memory
is invalid or corrupted.
Severity Level: Critical
• TFTP Alarms
Trap Name
oriTrapTFTPFailedOperation
Description
This trap is generated when a failure
occurs during a TFTP upload or
download operation.
Severity Level: Major
oriTrapTFTPOperationInitiat
ed
This trap is generated when a TFTP
upload or download operation is
started.
Severity Level: Informational
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oriTrapTFTPOperationComp
leted
This trap is generated when a TFTP
operation is complete (upload or
download).
Severity Level: Informational
• Image Alarms
Trap Name
oriTrapZeroSizeImage
Description
This trap is generated when a zero
size image is loaded on the AP.
Trap Severity Level: Major
oriTrapInvalidImage
This trap is generated when an
invalid image is loaded in the Access
Point.
Trap Severity Level: Major
oriTrapImageTooLarge
This trap is generated when the
image loaded in the AP exceeds the
size limitation of the flash memory.
Trap Severity Level: Major
oriTrapIncompatibleImage
This trap is generated when an
incompatible image is loaded in the
AP.
Trap Severity Level: Major
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Alarms
In addition, the AP supports these standard traps, which are always
enabled:
• RFC 1215-Trap
Trap Name
coldStart
Description
The AP has been turned on or rebooted.
Trap Severity Level: Informational
linkUp
The AP's Ethernet interface link is up (working).
Trap Severity Level: Informational
linkDown
The AP's Ethernet interface link is down (not
working).
Trap Severity Level: Informational
• Bridge MIB (RFC 1493) Alarms
Trap Name
newRoot
Description
This trap indicates that the AP has become
the new root in the Spanning Tree network.
Trap Severity Level: Informational
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topologyChan
ge
This trap is sent by the AP when any of its
configured ports transitions from the Learning
state to the Forwarding state, or from the
Forwarding state to the Blocking state.
This trap is not sent if a newRoot trap is sent
for the same transition.
Trap Severity Level: Informational
All these alarm groups correspond to System Alarms that are displayed in
the System Status screen, including the traps that are sent by the AP to
the SNMP managers specified in the Alarm Host Table.
Severity Levels
There are three severity levels for system alarms:
• Critical
• Major
• Informational
Critical alarms will often result in severe disruption in network activity or
an automatic reboot of the AP
Major alarms are usually activated due to a breach in the security of the
system. Clients cannot be authenticated or an attempt at unauthorized
access into the AP has been detected.
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Alarms
Informational alarms are there to provide the network administrator with
some general information about the activities the AP is performing.
Alarm Host Table
To add an entry and enable the AP to send SNMP trap messages to a
Trap Host, click Add, and then specify the IP Address and Password for
the Trap Host.
• IP Address: Enter the Trap Host IP Address.
• Password: Enter the password in the Password field and the
Confirm field.
• Comment: Enter an optional comment, such as the alarm (trap)
host station name.
To edit or delete an entry, click Edit. Edit the information, or select
Enable, Disable, or Delete from the Status drop-down menu.
Syslog
The Syslog messaging system enables the AP to transmit event
messages to a central server for monitoring and troubleshooting. The
access point logs “Session Start (Log-in)” and “Session Stop (Log-out)”
events for each wireless client as an alternative to RADIUS accounting.
See RFC 3164 at http://www.rfc-editor.org for more information on the
Syslog standard.
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Figure 4-11.
Syslog Configuration Screen
Setting Syslog Event Notifications
Syslog Events are logged according to the level of detail specified by the
administrator. Logging only urgent system messages will create a far
smaller, more easily read log then a log of every event the system
encounters. Determine which events to log by selecting a priority defined
by the following scale:
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Alarms
Event
LOG_EMERG
LOG_ALERT
Priority
0
1
LOG_CRIT
LOG_ERR
LOG_WARNING
LOG_NOTICE
2
3
4
5
LOG_INFO
LOG_DEBUG
6
7
Description
system is unusable
action must be taken
immediately
critical conditions
error conditions
warning conditions
normal but significant
condition
informational
debug-level messages
Configuring Syslog Event Notifications
You can configure the following Syslog settings from the HTTP interface:
• Enable Syslog: Place a check mark in the box provided to enable
system logging.
• Syslog Port Number: This field is read-only and displays the port
number (514) assigned for system logging.
• Syslog Lowest Priority Logged: The AP will send event messages
to the Syslog server that correspond to the selected priority and
above. For example, if set to 6, the AP will transmit event messages
labeled priority 0 to 6 to the Syslog server(s).
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Bridge
• Syslog Host Table: This table specifies the IP addresses of a
network servers that the AP will send Syslog messages to. Click
Add to create a new entry. Click Edit to change an existing entry.
Each entry contains the following field:
— IP Address: Enter the IP Address for the management host.
— Comment: Enter an optional comment such as the host
name.
— Status: The entry is enabled automatically when saved (so the
Status field is only visible when editing an entry). You can also
disable or delete entries by changing this field’s value.
Bridge
The AP is a bridge between your wired and wireless networking devices.
As a bridge, the functions performed by the AP include:
• MAC address learning
• Forward and filtering decision making
• Spanning Tree protocol used for loop avoidance
Once the AP is connected to your network, it learns which devices are
connected to it and records their MAC addresses in the Learn Table. The
table can hold up to 10,000 entries. To view the Learn Table, click on the
Monitor button in the web interface and select the Learn Table tab.
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Bridge
The Bridge tab has four sub-categories.
• Spanning Tree
• Storm Threshold
• Intra BSS
• Packet Forwarding
Spanning Tree
A Spanning Tree is used to avoid redundant communication loops in
networks with multiple bridging devices. Bridges do not have any inherent
mechanism to avoid loops, because having redundant systems is a
necessity in certain networks. However, redundant systems can cause
Broadcast Storms, multiple frame copies, and MAC address table
instability problems.
Complex network structures can create multiple loops within a network.
The Spanning Tree configuration blocks certain ports on AP devices to
control the path of communication within the network, avoiding loops and
following a spanning tree structure.
For more information on Spanning Tree protocol, please see Section 8.0
of the IEEE 802.1d standard. The Spanning Tree configuration options
are advanced settings. Avaya recommends that you leave these
parameters at their default values unless you are familiar with the
Spanning Tree protocol.
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Storm Threshold
Storm Threshold is an advanced Bridge setup option that you can use to
protect the network against data overload by:
• Specifying a maximum number of frames per second as received
from a single network device (identified by its MAC address).
• Specifying an absolute maximum number of messages per port.
The Storm Threshold parameters allow you to specify a set of thresholds
for each port of the AP, identifying separate values for the number of
broadcast messages/second and Multicast messages/second.
When the number of frames for a port or identified station exceeds the
maximum value per second, the AP will ignore all subsequent messages
issued by the particular network device, or ignore all messages of that
type.
• Address Threshold: Enter the maximum allowed number of
packets per second.
• Ethernet Threshold: Enter the maximum allowed number of
packets per second.
• Wireless Threshold: Enter the maximum allowed number of
packets per second.
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Bridge
Intra BSS
The wireless clients (or subscribers) that associate with a certain AP form
the Basic Service Set (BSS) of a network infrastructure. By default,
wireless subscribers in the same BSS can communicate with each other.
However, some administrators (such as wireless public spaces) may wish
to block traffic between wireless subscribers that are associated with the
same AP to prevent unauthorized communication and to conserve
bandwidth. This feature enables you to prevent wireless subscribers
within a BSS from exchanging traffic.
Although this feature is generally enabled in public access environments,
Enterprise LAN administrators use it to conserve wireless bandwidth by
limiting communication between wireless clients. For example, this
feature prevents peer-to-peer file sharing or gaming over the wireless
network.
• To block Intra BSS traffic, set Intra BSS Traffic Operation to Block.
• To allow Intra BSS traffic, set Intra BSS Traffic Operation to
Passthru.
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Packet Forwarding
The Packet Forwarding feature enables you to redirect traffic generated
by wireless clients that are all associated to the same AP to a single MAC
address. This filters wireless traffic without burdening the AP and
provides additional security by limiting potential destinations or by routing
the traffic directly to a firewall. You can redirect to a specific port (Ethernet
or WDS) or allow the bridge’s learning process (and the forwarding table
entry for the selected MAC address) to determine the optimal port.
NOTE:
The gateway to which traffic will be redirected should be node on
the Ethernet network. It should not be a wireless client.
Configuring Interfaces for Packet Forwarding
Configure your AP to forward packets by specifying interface port(s) to
which packets are redirected and a destination MAC address.
1. Within the Packet Forwarding Configuration screen, check the
box labeled Enable Packet Forwarding.
2. Specify a destination Packet Forwarding MAC Address. The AP
will redirect all unicast, multicast, and broadcast packets received
from wireless clients to the address you specify.
3. Select a Packet Forwarding Interface Port from the drop-down
menu. You can redirect traffic to:
— Ethernet
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Security
— A WDS connection (see Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
for details)
— Any (traffic is redirected to a port based on the bridge learning
process)
4. Click OK to save your changes.
Security
The AP provides several security features to protect your network from
unauthorized access.
• Authentication and Encryption Modes
• MAC Access
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Authentication and Encryption Modes
The AP supports the following Security features:
Type
Description
WEP Encryption
The original encryption technique specified
by the IEEE 802.11 standard.
802.1x
Authentication
An IEEE standard for client authentication.
Wi-Fi Protected
Access (WPA)
A new standard that provides improved
encryption security over WEP.
WEP Encryption
The IEEE 802.11 standards specify an optional encryption feature, known
as Wired Equivalent Privacy or WEP, that is designed to provide a
wireless LAN with a security level equal to what is found on a wired
Ethernet network. WEP encrypts the data portion of each packet
exchanged on an 802.11 network using an Encryption Key (also known as
a WEP Key).
When Encryption is enabled, two 802.11 devices must have the same
Encryption Keys and both devices must be configured to use Encryption
in order to communicate. If one device is configured to use Encryption but
a second device is not, then the two devices will not communicate, even if
both devices have the same Encryption Keys.
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Security
• An 802.11b AP supports 64-bit and 128-bit encryption:
— For 64-bit encryption, an encryption key is 10 hexadecimal
characters (0-9 and A-F) or 5 ASCII characters (see ASCII
Character Chart).
— For 128-bit encryption, an encryption key is 26 hexadecimal
characters or 13 ASCII characters.
• An 802.11a or 802.11b/g AP supports 64-bit, 128-bit, and 152-bit
encryption:
— For 64-bit encryption, an encryption key is 10 hexadecimal
characters (0-9 and A-F) or 5 ASCII characters (see ASCII
Character Chart).
— For 128-bit encryption, an encryption key is 26 hexadecimal
characters or 13 ASCII characters.
— For 152-bit encryption, an encryption key is 32 hexadecimal
characters or 16 ASCII characters.
NOTE:
64-bit encryption is sometimes referred to as 40-bit encryption;
128-bit encryption is sometimes referred to as 104-bit encryption.
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802.1x Authentication
IEEE 802.1x is a standard that provides a means to authenticate and
authorize network devices attached to a LAN port. A port in the context of
IEEE 802.1x is a point of attachment to the LAN, either a physical
Ethernet connection or a wireless link to an Access Point. 802.1x requires
a RADIUS server and uses the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)
as a standards-based authentication framework, and supports automatic
key distribution for enhanced security. The EAP-based authentication
framework can easily be upgraded to keep pace with future EAP types.
Popular EAP types include:
Type
Description
EAP-Message
Digest 5 (MD5)
Username/Password-based authentication;
does not support automatic key distribution
EAP-Transport
Layer Security (TLS)
Certificate-based authentication (a
certificate is required on the server and
each client); supports automatic key
distribution
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Type
Description
EAP-Tunneled
Transport Layer
Security (TTLS)
Certificate-based authentication (a
certificate is required on the server; a
client’s username/password is tunneled to
the server over a secure connection);
supports automatic key distribution
PEAP - Protected
EAP with MS-CHAP
v2
Secure username/password-based
authentication; supports automatic key
distribution
Different servers support different EAP types and each EAP type provides
different features. Refer to the documentation that came with your
RADIUS server to determine which EAP types it supports.
NOTE:
The AP supports the following EAP types when Authentication
Mode is set to 802.1x or WPA: EAP-TLS, PEAP, and EAP-TTLS.
When Authentication Mode is set to Mixed, the AP supports the
following EAP types: EAP-TLS, PEAP, EAP-TLLS, and EAP-MD5
(MD5 does not support automatic key distribution; therefore, if you
choose this method you need to manually configure each client with
the network's encryption key).
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Authentication Process
There are three main components in the authentication process. The
standard refers to them as:
1. supplicant (client PC)
2. authenticator (Access Point)
3. authentication server (RADIUS server)
When using Authentication Mode is set to 802.1x, WPA, or Mixed mode
(802.1x and WEP), you need to configure your RADIUS server for
authentication purposes.
Prior to successful authentication, an unauthenticated client PC cannot
send any data traffic through the AP device to other systems on the LAN.
The AP inhibits all data traffic from a particular client PC until the client PC
is authenticated. Regardless of its authentication status, a client PC can
always exchange 802.1x messages in the clear with the AP (the client
begins encrypting data after it has been authenticated).
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Figure 4-12.
RADIUS Authentication Illustrated
The AP acts as a pass-through device to facilitate communications
between the client PC and the RADIUS server. The AP (2) and the client
(1) exchange 802.1x messages using an EAPOL (EAP Over LAN)
protocol (A). Messages sent from the client station are encapsulated by
the AP and transmitted to the RADIUS (3) server using EAP extensions
(B).
Upon receiving a reply EAP packet from the RADIUS, the message is
typically forwarded to the client, after translating it back to the EAPOL
format. Negotiations take place between the client and the RADIUS
server. After the client has been successfully authenticated, the client
receives an Encryption Key from the AP (if the EAP type supports
automatic key distribution). The client uses this key to encrypt data after it
has been authenticated.
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For 802.11a and 802.11b/g clients that communicate with an AP, each
client receives its own unique encryption key; this is known as Per User
Per Session Encryption Keys.
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a security standard designed by the
Wi-Fi Alliance in conjunction with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers (IEEE). WPA is a sub-set of the forthcoming IEEE 802.11i
security standard, currently in draft form. (IEEE 802.11i is also referred to
as "WPA2" and will be available in 2004.)
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: WPA is available for APs with an 11a Upgrade
Kit or 802.11b/g Kit. WPA is NOT available for APs with an 802.11b
PC Card or a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit.
WPA is a replacement for Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP), the
encryption technique specified by the original 802.11 standard. WEP has
several vulnerabilities that have been widely publicized. WPA addresses
these weaknesses and provides a stronger security system to protect
wireless networks.
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WPA provides the following new security measures not available with
WEP:
• Improved packet encryption using the Temporal Key Integrity
Protocol (TKIP) and the Michael Message Integrity Check (MIC).
• Per-user, per-session dynamic encryption keys:
— Each client uses a different key to encrypt and decrypt unicast
packets exchanged with the AP
— A client's key is different for every session; it changes each
time the client associates with an AP
— The AP uses a single global key to encrypt broadcast packets
that are sent to all clients simultaneously
— Encryption keys change periodically based on the Re-keying
Interval parameter
— WPA uses 128-bit encryption keys
• Dynamic Key distribution
— The AP generates and maintains the keys for its clients
— The AP securely delivers the appropriate keys to its clients
• Client/server mutual authentication
— 802.1x
— Pre-shared key (for networks that do not have an 802.1x
solution implemented)
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NOTE:
For more information on WPA, see the Wi-Fi Alliance Web site at
http://www.wi-fi.org.
The AP supports two WPA authentication modes:
• WPA: The AP uses 802.1x to authenticate clients. You should only
use an EAP that supports mutual authentication and session key
generation, such as EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS, and PEAP. See 802.1x
Authentication for details.
• WPA-PSK (Pre-Shared Key): For networks that do not have 802.1x
implemented, you can configure the AP to authenticate clients
based on a Pre-Shared Key. This is a shared secret that is manually
configured on the AP and each of its clients. The Pre-Shared Key
must be 256 bits long, which is either 64 hexadecimal digits or 32
alphanumeric characters (see ASCII Character Chart). The AP also
supports a PSK Pass Phrase option to facilitate the creation of the
Pre-Shared Key (so a user can enter an easy-to-remember phrase
rather than a string of characters).
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Configuring Security Settings
You can configure each wireless interface to operate in one of the
following Security modes:
Security Mode
Description
No Security
This is the default setting for an AP.
Enable WEP
Encryption
The AP and clients use the same static
WEP keys to encrypt data.
Enable 802.1x
Security
The AP uses the 802.1x standard to
communicate with a RADIUS server and
authenticate clients. The AP generates and
distributes dynamic, per user WEP Keys to
each client following successful
authentication.
Enable Mixed Mode
(802.1x and WEP
Encryption)
The AP uses 802.1x Mode for clients that
support 802.1x (and have an 802.1x
supplicant application installed). The AP
uses static WEP Encryption for clients that
do not use 802.1x.
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Security Mode
Description
Enable WPA Mode
The AP uses 802.1x to communicate with a
RADIUS server and authenticate clients.
The AP generates and distributes dynamic,
per user encryption keys (based on the
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP)) to
each client following successful
authentication. WPA mode provides
message integrity checking to guard
against replay type attacks. This mode is
not available for all radio types.
Enable WPA-PSK
Mode
The AP uses a Pre-shared Key (manually
configured on both the AP and the clients)
to authenticate clients. The AP generates
and distributes dynamic, per user
encryption keys (based on TKIP) to each
client following successful authentication.
This mode is for customers who want to use
WPA but do not have a RADIUS server
installed on their network. This mode is not
available for all radio types.
You configure the AP to use a particular Security mode by setting the
Authentication Mode parameter. The following table summarizes the
Authentication Mode options available in the HTTP Interface's Configure
> Security > Authentication screen and describes how each of these
options correspond to the six Security Modes listed above:
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Authentication
Mode Setting
Authentication
Method Employed
Encryption Method
Employed
None
None
None or manually
configured Static
WEP settings (from
Configure >
Security >
Encryption screen)
802.1x
802.1x
Dynamic WEP
Keying
Mixed
802.1x or None
(depends on a
client's
configuration)
Dynamic WEP
Keying or Static
WEP (depends on
client's
configuration)
WPA
802.1x
Dynamic TKIP
Keying
WPA-PSK
Manually configured
Pre-shared Key
Dynamic TKIP
Keying
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Enable WEP Encryption
Follow these steps to set up WEP encryption on an AP:
1. Place a check mark in the box labeled Enable Encryption (WEP).
2. Enter one to four Encryption Keys in the fields provided. Keep in
mind the following:
— If entering more than one Key, use the same number of
characters for each Key. All Keys need to be the same Key
Size (64, 128, or 152-bit).
— You can enter the Encryption Keys in either hexadecimal or
ASCII format.
— You need to configure your wireless clients to use the same
Keys in order for the clients and the AP to communicate.
3. Select the Key that the AP will use to encryption outgoing data
from the Encrypt Data Transmissions Using drop-down menu.
By default, this parameter is set to Key 1.
4. Click OK.
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Enable 802.1x Security
Follow these steps to enable 802.1x only:
1. Within the 802.1x Configuration screen, set 802.1x Security
Mode to 802.1x.
2. Select an Encryption Key Length.
— An 802.11b AP supports 64-bit and 128-bit encryption.
— An 802.11a or 802.11b/g AP supports 64-bit and 128-bit
encryption.
3. Enter a Re-keying Interval.
— The Re-keying Interval determines how often a client’s
encryption key is changed and can be set to any value
between 60 - 65535 seconds. Rekeying frustrates hacking
attempts without taxing system resources. Setting a fairly
frequent rekey value (900 seconds=15 minutes) effectively
protects against intrusion without disrupting network activities.
4. Click OK to save the changes.
5. If you have not already done so, configure the RADIUS
authentication settings (see RADIUS Authentication with 802.1x
for details.
6. Reboot the Access Point.
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Enable Mixed Mode (802.1x and WEP Encryption)
Follow these steps to use both 802.1x and WEP Encryption
simultaneously (clients that do not support 802.1x use WEP Encryption
for security purposes):
1. Within the 802.1x Configuration screen, set 802.1x Security
Mode to Mixed.
2. Enter a Re-keying Interval.
— The Re-keying Interval determines how often a client’s
encryption key is changed and can be set to any value
between 60 - 65535 seconds. Rekeying frustrates hacking
attempts without taxing system resources. Setting a fairly
frequent rekey value (900 seconds=15 minutes) effectively
protects against intrusion without disrupting network activities.
3. Click OK to save the changes.
4. Click the Encryption tab.
5. Place a check mark in the box labeled Enable Encryption (WEP).
6. Configure Encryption Key 1 only (i.e., do not configure Keys 2
through 4). Keep in mind the following:
— For 64-bit encryption, an encryption key is 10 hexadecimal
characters (0-9 and A-F) or 5 ASCII characters (see ASCII
Character Chart).
— For 128-bit encryption, an encryption key is 26 hexadecimal
characters or 13 ASCII characters.
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— You can enter the Encryption Keys in either hexadecimal or
ASCII format.
— You need to manually configure your wireless clients that do
not support 802.1x to use the same Encryption Key.
7. Confirm that Key 1 is selected in the Encrypt Data
Transmissions Using drop-down menu.
8. Click OK.
9. If you have not already done so, configure the RADIUS
authentication settings (see RADIUS Authentication with 802.1x
for details).
10. Reboot the Access Point.
802.1x Security and Wireless Distribution Systems (WDS)
Wireless distribution systems (WDS) are configured using specific ports
on an 802.11b AP. To use 802.1x with WDS, you need to set the 802.1x
Security Mode to Mixed (WEP and 802.1x) and confirm that the 802.11b
APs communicating in the WDS share the same encryption key (Key 1).
See Wireless Distribution System (WDS) for more information.
NOTE:
An 802.11a or 802.11b/g AP does not support WDS.
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Enable WPA Mode
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: WPA is available for APs with an 11a Upgrade
Kit or 802.11b/g Kit. WPA is NOT available for APs with an 802.11b
PC Card or a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit.
1. Click Configure > Security > Authentication.
2. Set Authentication Mode to WPA.
3. Enter a Re-keying Interval.
— The Re-keying Interval determines how often a client's
encryption key is changed and can be set to any value
between 60 and 65535 seconds. Rekeying frustrates hacking
attempts without taxing system resources. Setting a fairly
frequent rekey value (900 seconds=15 minutes) effectively
protects against intrusion without disrupting network activities.
4. Click OK.
5. If you have not already done so, configure the RADIUS
authentication settings.
6. Reboot the Access Point.
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Enable WPA-PSK Mode
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: WPA is available for APs with an 11a Upgrade
Kit or 802.11b/g Kit. WPA is NOT available for APs with an 802.11b
PC Card or a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit.
1. Click Configure > Security > Authentication.
2. Set Authentication Mode to WPA-PSK.
3. Enter a Re-keying Interval.
— The Re-keying Interval determines how often a client's
encryption key is changed and can be set to any value
between 60 and 65535 seconds. Rekeying frustrates hacking
attempts without taxing system resources. Setting a fairly
frequent rekey value (900 seconds=15 minutes) effectively
protects against intrusion without disrupting network activities.
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4. Configure the Pre-Shared Key.
— You must also configure your clients to use this same key.
— Do one of the following:
• Enter 64 hexadecimal digits or 32 ASCII characters in the
Pre-Shared Key field. See ASCII Character Chart for a
hexadecimal to ASCII conversion chart.
• Enter a phrase in the PSK Pass Phrase field. The AP will
automatically generate a Pre-Shared Key based on the
phrase you enter. Enter between 1 and 64 characters;
Avaya recommends using a pass phrase of at least 13
characters to ensure that the generated key cannot be
easily deciphered by network infiltrators.
5. Click OK.
6. Reboot the Access Point.
MAC Access
The MAC Access tab allows you to build a list of stations, identified by
their MAC addresses, authorized to access the network through the AP.
The list is stored inside each AP within your network. Note that you must
reboot the AP for any changes to the MAC Access Control Table to take
effect.
• Enable MAC Access Control: Check this box to enable the Control
Table.
• Operation Type: Choose between Passthru and Block. This
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determines how the stations identified in the MAC Access Control
Table are filtered.
— If set to Passthru, only the addresses listed in the Control
Table will pass through the bridge.
— If set to Block, the bridge will block traffic to or from the
addresses listed in the Control Table.
• MAC Access Control Table: Click Add to create a new entry. Click
Edit to change an existing entry. Each entry contains the following
field:
— MAC Address: Enter the wireless client’s MAC address.
— Comment: Enter an optional comment such as the client’s
name.
• Status: The entry is enabled automatically when saved (so the
Status field is only visible when editing an entry). You can also
disable or delete entries by changing this field’s value.
NOTE:
For larger networks that include multiple Access Points, you may
prefer to maintain this list on a centralized location using the MAC
Access Control Via RADIUS Authentication.
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Figure 4-13.
MAC Access Configuration Screen
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RADIUS
RADIUS
The AP communicates with a network’s RADIUS server to provide the
following features:
• MAC Access Control Via RADIUS Authentication
• RADIUS Authentication with 802.1x
• RADIUS Accounting
You can configure the AP to communicate with up to four different
RADIUS servers:
• Primary Authentication Server
• Back-up Authentication Server
• Primary Accounting Server
• Back-up Accounting Server
NOTE:
You must have configured the settings for at least one
Authentication server before configuring the settings for an
Accounting server.
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The back-up servers are optional, but when configured, the AP will
communicate with the back-up server if the primary server is off-line. After
the AP has switched to the backup server, it will periodically check the
status of the primary RADIUS server every five (5) minutes. Once the
primary RADIUS server is again online, the AP automatically reverts from
the backup RADIUS server back to the primary RADIUS server. All
subsequent requests are then sent to the primary RADIUS server.
MAC Access Control Via RADIUS Authentication
If you want to control wireless access to the network and if your network
includes a RADIUS Server, you can store the list of MAC addresses on
the RADIUS server rather than configure each AP individually. From the
RADIUS Authentication tab, you can define the IP Address of the server
that contains a central list of MAC Address values that identify the
authorized stations that may access the wireless network. You must
specify information for at least the primary RADIUS server. The back-up
RADIUS server is optional.
NOTE:
Contact your RADIUS server manufacturer if you have problems
configuring the server or have problems using RADIUS
authentication.
Follow these steps to enable RADIUS MAC Access Control:
1. Within the RADIUS Access Control Configuration screen, place
a check mark in the box labeled Enable RADIUS MAC Access
Control.
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2. Place a check mark in the box labeled Enable Primary RADIUS
Authentication Server.
3. If you want to configure a back-up RADIUS server, place a check
mark in the box labeled Enable Back-up RADIUS Authentication
Server.
4. Enter the time, in seconds, each client session may be active
before being automatically re-authenticated in the Authorization
Lifetime field. This parameter supports a value between 900 and
43200 sec; the default is 900 sec.
5. Select a MAC Address Format Type. This should correspond to
the format in which the clients’ 12-digit MAC addresses are listed
within the RADIUS server. Available options include:
— Dash delimited: dash between each pair of digits:
xx-yy-zz-aa-bb-cc
— Colon delimited: colon between each pair of digits:
xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc)
— Single dash delimited: dash between the sixth and seventh
digits: xxyyzz-aabbcc
— No delimiters: No characters or spaces between pairs of
hexadecimal digits: xxyyzzaabbcc
6. Select a Server Addressing Format type (IP Address or Name).
— If you want to identify RADIUS servers by name, you must
configure the AP as a DNS Client. See DNS Client for details.
7. Enter the server’s IP address or name in the field provided.
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8. Enter the port number which the AP and the server will use to
communicate. By default, RADIUS servers communicate on port
1812.
9. Enter the Shared Secret in the Shared Secret and Confirm
Shared Secret field. This is a password shared by the RADIUS
server and the AP. The same password must also be configured on
the RADIUS server.
10. Enter the maximum time, in seconds, that the AP should wait for
the RADIUS server to respond to a request in the Response Time
field. Range is 1-10 seconds; default is 3 seconds.
11. Enter the maximum number of times an authentication request
may be retransmitted in the Maximum Retransmissions field.
Range is 1-4; default is 3.
12. If you are configuring a back-up server, repeat Steps 6 through 11
for the back-up server.
13. Click OK to save your changes.
14. Reboot the AP for these changes to take effect.
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Figure 4-14.
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RADIUS Access Control Configuration Screen
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RADIUS
RADIUS Authentication with 802.1x
You must configure a primary RADIUS Authentication server to use
802.1x security. A back-up server is optional.
NOTE:
Problems with RADIUS Server configuration or RADIUS
Authentication should be referred to the RADIUS Server developer.
Follow these steps to enable a RADIUS Authentication server for 802.1x
security:
1. Within the 802.1x Configuration screen, configure the 802.1x
settings. See 802.1x Authentication for details.
2. Click the RADIUS tab.
3. Click the RADIUS Auth sub-tab.
4. Place a check mark in the box labeled Enable Primary RADIUS
Authentication Server.
5. If you want to configure a back-up RADIUS server, place a check
mark in the box labeled Enable Back-up RADIUS Authentication
Server.
6. Enter the time, in seconds, each client session may be active
before being automatically re-authenticated in the Authorization
Lifetime field. This parameter supports a value between 900 and
43200 sec; the default is 900 sec.
7. Select a Server Addressing Format type (IP Address or Name).
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— If you want to identify RADIUS servers by name, you must
configure the AP as a DNS Client. See DNS Client for details.
8. Enter the server’s IP address or name in the field provided.
9. Enter the port number which the AP and the server will use to
communicate. By default, RADIUS servers communicate on port
1812.
10. Enter the Shared Secret in the Shared Secret and Confirm
Shared Secret field. This is a password shared by the RADIUS
server and the AP. The same password must also be configured on
the RADIUS server.
11. Enter the maximum time, in seconds, that the AP should wait for
the RADIUS server to respond to a request in the Response Time
field. Range is 1-10 seconds; default is 3 seconds.
12. Enter the maximum number of times an authentication request
may be retransmitted in the Maximum Retransmissions field.
Range is 1-4; default is 3.
13. If you are configuring a back-up server, repeat Steps 7 through 12
for the back-up server.
14. Click OK to save your changes.
15. Reboot the AP device for these changes to take effect.
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RADIUS Accounting
Using an external RADIUS server, the AP can track and record the length
of client sessions on the access point by sending RADIUS accounting
messages per RFC2866. When a wireless client is successfully
authenticated, RADIUS accounting is initiated by sending an “Accounting
Start” request to the RADIUS server. When the wireless client session
ends, an “Accounting Stop” request is sent to the RADIUS server.
Session Length
Accounting sessions continue when a client reauthenticates to the same
AP. Sessions are terminated when:
• A client disassociates.
• A client does not transmit any data to the AP for a fixed amount of
time.
• A client is detected on a different interface.
If the client roams from one AP to another, one session is terminated and
a new session is begun.
NOTE:
This feature requires RADIUS authentication using MAC Access
Control or 802.1x. Wireless clients configured in the Access Point’s
static MAC Access Control list are not tracked.
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Configuring RADIUS Accounting
Follow these steps to enable RADIUS accounting on the AP:
1. Within the RADIUS Accounting Configuration screen, place a check
mark in the Enable RADIUS Accounting box to turn on this
feature.
2. Place a check mark in the box labeled Enable Primary RADIUS
Accounting Server.
3. If you want to configure a back-up RADIUS server, place a check
mark in the box labeled Enable Back-up RADIUS Accounting
Server.
4. Enter the session timeout interval in minutes within the
Accounting Inactivity Timer field. An accounting session
automatically ends for a client that is idle for the period of time
specified. Range is 1-60 minutes; default is 5 minutes.
5. Select a Server Addressing Format type (IP Address or Name).
— If you want to identify RADIUS servers by name, you must
configure the Access Point as a DNS Client. See DNS Client
for details.
6. Enter the server’s IP address or name in the field provided.
7. Enter the port number which the AP and the server will use to
communicate. By default, RADIUS accounting uses port 1813.
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8. Enter the Shared Secret in the Shared Secret and Confirm
Shared Secret field. This is a password shared by the RADIUS
server and the AP. The same password must also be configured on
the RADIUS server.
9. Enter the maximum time, in seconds, that the AP should wait for
the RADIUS server to respond to a request in the Response Time
field. Range is 1-10 seconds; default is 3 seconds.
10. Enter the maximum number of times an authentication request
may be retransmitted in the Maximum Retransmissions field.
Range is 1-4; default is 3.
11. If you are configuring a back-up server, repeat Steps 5 through 10
for the back-up server.
12. Click OK to save your changes.
13. Reboot the AP device for these changes to take effect.
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Figure 4-15.
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VLAN/SSID
VLAN/SSID
The AP allows you to segment wireless networks into multiple
sub-networks based on Network Name (SSID) and VLAN membership.
A Network Name (SSID) identifies a wireless network. Clients associate
with Access Points that share its SSID. During installation, the Setup
Wizard prompts you to configure one Network Name for each wireless
interface. After initial setup, the AP can be configured to support up to 16
SSIDs per wireless interface to segment wireless networks based on
VLAN membership.
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: APs with an 11a Upgrade Kit or 802.11b/g Kit
support up to 16 VLAN/SSID pairs. APs with an 802.11b PC Card or
a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit support only one VLAN/SSID per radio.
VLAN Overview
Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs) are logical groupings of network
hosts. Defined by software settings, other VLAN members or resources
appear (to clients) to be on the same physical segment, no matter where
they are attached on the logical LAN or WAN segment. They simplify
traffic flow between clients and their frequently-used or restricted
resources.
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VLAN/SSID
VLANs now extend as far as the reach of the access point signal. Clients
can be segmented into wireless sub-networks via SSID and VLAN
assignment. A Client can access the network by connecting to an AP
configured to support its assigned SSID/VLAN.
AP devices are fully VLAN-ready; however, by default VLAN support is
disabled. Before enabling VLAN support, certain network settings should
be configured, and network resources such as a VLAN-aware switch, a
RADIUS server, and possibly a DHCP server should be available.
Once enabled, VLANs are used to conveniently, efficiently, and easily
manage your network in the following ways:
• Manage adds, moves, and changes from a single point of contact
• Define and monitor groups
• Reduce broadcast and multicast traffic to unnecessary destinations
— Improve network performance and reduce latency
• Increase security
— Secure network restricts members to resources on their own
VLAN
— Clients roam without compromising security
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VLAN/SSID
VLAN tagged data is collected and distributed through an AP's wireless
interface(s) based on Network Name (SSID). An Ethernet port on the
access point connects a wireless cell or network to a wired backbone.
The access points communicate across a VLAN-capable switch that
analyzes VLAN-tagged packet headers and directs traffic to the
appropriate ports. On the wired network, a RADIUS server authenticates
traffic and a DHCP server manages IP addresses for the VLAN(s).
Resources like servers and printers may be present, and a hub may
include multiple APs, extending the network over a larger area.
In this figure, the numbered items correspond to the following
components:
1. VLAN-enabled access point
2. VLAN-aware switch (IEEE 802.1Q uplink)
3. AP management via wired host (SNMP, Web interface or CLI)
4. DHCP Server
5. RADIUS Server
6. VLAN 1
7. VLAN 2
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VLAN/SSID
Figure 4-16.
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Components of a typical VLAN
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
VLAN/SSID
VLAN Workgroups and Traffic Management
Access Points that are not VLAN-capable typically transmit broadcast and
multicast traffic to all wireless Network Interface Cards (NICs). This
process wastes wireless bandwidth and degrades throughput
performance. In comparison, VLAN-capable AP is designed to efficiently
manage delivery of broadcast, multicast, and unicast traffic to wireless
clients.
The AP assigns clients to a VLAN based on a Network Name (SSID). The
AP can support up to 16 VLAN/SSID pairs per radio. (Note that 802.11b
APs (Single or Dual-radio models) and 5 GHz Upgrade Kits (for
Dual-radio APs) can only support one VLAN/SSID per radio.)
The AP matches packets transmitted or received to a network name with
the associated VLAN. Traffic received by a VLAN is only sent on the
wireless interface associated with that same VLAN. This eliminates
unnecessary traffic on the wireless LAN, conserving bandwidth and
maximizing throughput.
Traffic Management
In addition to enhancing wireless traffic management, the VLAN-capable
AP supports easy assignment of wireless users to workgroups. In a
typical scenario, each user VLAN represents a workgroup; for example,
one VLAN could be used for an EMPLOYEE workgroup and the other, for
a GUEST workgroup.
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VLAN/SSID
In this scenario, the AP would assign every packet it accepted to a VLAN.
Each packet would then be identified as EMPLOYEE or GUEST,
depending on which wireless NIC received it. The AP would insert VLAN
headers or “tags” with identifiers into the packets transmitted on the wired
backbone to a network switch.
Finally, the switch would be configured to route packets from the
EMPLOYEE workgroup to the appropriate corporate resources such as
printers and servers. Packets from the GUEST workgroup could be
restricted to a gateway that allowed access to only the Internet. A
member of the GUEST workgroup could send and receive e-mail and
access the Internet, but would be prevented from accessing servers or
hosts on the local corporate network.
Typical User VLAN Configurations
VLANs segment network traffic into workgroups, which enable you to limit
broadcast and multicast traffic. Workgroups enable clients from different
VLANs to access different resources using the same network
infrastructure. Clients using the same physical network are limited to
those resources available to their workgroup.
The AP can segment users into a maximum of 16 different workgroups
(32 if using two cards in a Dual-radio AP) based on an SSID/VLAN pair
(also referred as a VLAN Workgroup or a Sub-network).
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VLAN/SSID
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: APs with an 11a Upgrade Kit or 802.11b/g Kit
support up to 16 VLAN/SSID pairs. APs with an 802.11b PC Card or
a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit support only one VLAN/SSID per radio.
The four primary scenarios for using VLAN workgroups are as follows:
VLAN disabled: Your network does not use VLANs, but you
can configure the AP to use multiple SSIDs.
VLAN enabled, all VLAN Workgroups use the same VLAN ID
Tag
VLAN enabled, each VLAN workgroup uses a different VLAN
ID Tag
VLAN enabled, a mixture of Tagged and Untagged workgroups
Configure Multiple VLAN/SSID Pairs
NOTE:
You must reboot the AP before any changes to these parameters
take effect.
1. Click Configure > VLAN.
2. Place a check mark in the Enable VLAN Protocol box to enable
VLAN support.
3. Click the tab for Wireless A or Wireless B (if applicable).
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VLAN/SSID
4. Add one or more new SSID/VLAN entries. Follow these steps:
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: APs with an 11a Upgrade Kit or 802.11b/g Kit
support up to 16 VLAN/SSID pairs. APs with an 802.11b PC Card or
a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit support only one VLAN/SSID per radio.
a. Click Add to create a new SSID/VLAN entry.
b. Enter a Network Name (SSID), between 1 and 32 characters,
in the field provided.
c. Enter a VLAN ID in the field provided.
— As defined by the 802.1Q standard, a VLAN ID is a
number between 1 and 4094. A value of -1 means that an
entry is "untagged".
— You can use the same VLAN ID for all SSIDs if you want
all wireless clients to be part of the same VLAN.
— You can specify a different VLAN ID for each SSID.
— The VLAN ID must match an ID used by your network;
contact your network administrator if you need assistance
defining the VLAN IDs.
— You can set the VLAN ID to "-1" or "untagged" if you do
not want clients that are using a specific SSID to be
members of a VLAN workgroup.
d. Click OK.
e. Click the back arrow button to return to the previous screen.
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VLAN/SSID
— Click Edit if you want to modify an existing entry. You can
also disable or delete an entry from the Edit screen.
5. Click the tab for the second wireless interface (if applicable) and
create/modify SSID/VLAN entries as necessary.
6. Reboot the AP.
Typical VLAN Management Configurations
Control Access to the AP
Management access to the AP can easily be secured by making
management stations or hosts and the AP itself members of a common
VLAN. Simply configure a non-zero management VLAN ID and enable
VLAN to restrict management of the AP to members of the same VLAN.
NOTE:
If a non-zero management VLAN ID is configured then management
access to the AP is restricted to wired or wireless hosts that are
members of the same VLAN. Ensure your management platform or
host is a member of the same VLAN before attempting to manage
the AP.
1. Click Configure > VLAN.
2. Set the VLAN Management ID to a value between 0 and 4094 (a
value of 0 disables VLAN management).
3. Place a check mark in the Enable VLAN Protocol box.
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VLAN/SSID
Provide Access to a Wireless Host in the Same Workgroup
The VLAN feature can allow wireless clients to manage the AP. If the
VLAN Management ID matches a VLAN User ID, then those wireless
clients who are members of that VLAN will have AP management access.
! CAUTION:
Once a VLAN Management ID is configured and is equivalent to one of
the VLAN User IDs on the AP, all members of that User VLAN will have
management access to the AP. Be careful to restrict VLAN membership to
those with legitimate access to the AP.
1. Click Configure > VLAN.
2. Set the VLAN Management ID to use the same VLAN ID as one
of the configured SSID/VLAN pairs. See Typical User VLAN
Configurations for details.
3. Place a check mark in the Enable VLAN Protocol box.
Disable VLAN Management
1. Click Configure > VLAN.
2. Remove the check mark from the Enable VLAN Protocol box (to
disable all VLAN functionality) or set the VLAN Management ID to
0 (to disable VLAN Management only).
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Monitor Information
5
In This Chapter
• Logging into the HTTP Interface
• Version: Provides version information for the Access Point’s system
components.
• ICMP: Displays statistics for Internet Control Message Protocol
packets sent and received by the AP.
• IP/ARP Table: Displays the AP’s IP Address Resolution table.
• Learn Table: Displays the list of nodes that the AP has learned are
on the network.
• IAPP: Provides statistics for the Inter-Access Point Protocol
messages sent and received by the AP.
• RADIUS: Provides statistics for the configured primary and backup
RADIUS server(s).
• Interfaces: Displays the Access Point’s interface statistics (Wireless
and Ethernet).
• Link Test (802.11b APs Only): Evaluates the link with a wireless
client.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-1
Logging into the HTTP Interface
Logging into the HTTP Interface
Once the AP has a valid IP Address and an Ethernet connection, you may
use your web browser to monitor network statistics.
The Command Line Interface (CLI) also provides a method for viewing
network statistics using Telnet or a serial connection. This section covers
only use of the HTTP interface. For more information about viewing
network statistics with the CLI, refer to Command Line Interface (CLI).
Follow these steps to monitor an AP’s operating statistics using the HTTP
interface:
1. Open a Web browser on a network computer.
NOTE:
The HTTP interface supports the following Web browser:
— Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 with Service Pack 1 or later
— Netscape 6.1 or later
2. If necessary, disable the Internet proxy settings. For Internet
Explorer users, follow these steps:
— Select Tools > Internet Options....
— Click the Connections tab.
— Click LAN Settings....
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Logging into the HTTP Interface
— If necessary, remove the check mark from the Use a proxy
server box.
— Click OK twice to save your changes and return to Internet
Explorer.
3. Enter the Access Point’s IP address in the browser’s Address field
and press Enter.
— Result: The AP Enter Network Password screen appears.
4. Enter the HTTP password in the Password field and click OK.
Leave the User Name field blank. (By default, the HTTP password
is “public”).
— Result: The System Status screen appears.
Figure 5-1.
Enter Network Password Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-3
Logging into the HTTP Interface
5. Click the Monitor button located on the left-hand side of the
screen.
Figure 5-2.
Monitor Main Screen
6. Click the tab that corresponds to the statistics you want to review.
For example, click Learn Table to see the list of nodes that the AP
has discovered on the network.
7. If applicable, click the Refresh button to update the statistics.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Version
Version
From the HTTP interface, click the Monitor button and select the Version
tab. The list displayed provides you with information that may be pertinent
when calling Technical Support. With this information, your Technical
Support representative can verify compatibility issues and make sure the
latest software are loaded. This screen displays the following information
for each Access Point component:
• Serial Number: The component’s serial number, if applicable.
• Component Name
• ID: The AP identifies a system component based on its ID. Each
component has a unique identifier.
• Variant: Several variants may exist of the same component (for
example, a hardware component may have two variants, one with
more memory than the other).
• Version: Specifies the component’s version or build number. The
Software Image version is the most useful information on this screen
for the typical end user.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-5
Version
Figure 5-3.
5-6
Version Information Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
ICMP
ICMP
This tab provides statistical information for both received and transmitted
messages directed to the AP. Not all ICMP traffic on the network is
counted in the ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) statistics.
Figure 5-4.
ICMP Monitoring Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-7
IP/ARP Table
IP/ARP Table
This tab provides information based on the Address Resolution Protocol
(ARP), which relates MAC Address and IP Addresses.
Figure 5-5.
5-8
IP/ARP Table
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Learn Table
Learn Table
This tab displays information relating to network bridging. It reports the
MAC address for each node that the device has learned is on the network
and the interface on which the node was detected. There can be up
10,000 entries in the Learn Table.
Figure 5-6.
Learn Table
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-9
IAPP
IAPP
This tab displays statistics relating to client handovers and
communications between Avaya Wireless Access Points.
Figure 5-7.
5-10
IAPP Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
RADIUS
RADIUS
This tab provides RADIUS authentication and accounting information for
both the Primary and Backup RADIUS servers.
NOTE:
RADIUS authentication and accounting must be enabled for this
information to be valid.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-11
RADIUS
Figure 5-8.
5-12
RADIUS Monitoring Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Interfaces
Interfaces
This tab displays statistics for the Ethernet and wireless interfaces. The
Operational Status can be up, down, or testing.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-13
Interfaces
Figure 5-9.
5-14
Wireless Interface Monitoring
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Link Test (802.11b APs Only)
Link Test (802.11b APs Only)
This tab displays information on the quality of the wireless link to clients
and other 802.11b APs in the Wireless Distribution System. During a Link
Test, the Access Point and the selected device exchange a series of
packets to test the strength of the connection. The devices start by
exchanging packets at the 11 Mbits/sec rate but fall back to the slower
rates if necessary.
NOTE:
This feature is not available for an 802.11a or 802.11b/g AP. Also,
this feature is not available if you are using an
Avaya 802.11a/b Card or a non-Avaya Wireless client with an
802.11b AP.
Follow these steps to perform a Link Test:
1. Open the Remote Link Test screen.
2. Click Explore.
Result: A list of detected stations will appear. If the list does not
appear automatically, click Refresh.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-15
Link Test (802.11b APs Only)
Figure 5-10.
Remote Link Test Screen
3. Select a Station from the list by clicking the circle to the left of the
Station’s entry.
4. Click Link Test to start the test.
Result: A new Link Test window opens and displays the following
information for the Access Point (referred to as the Initiator
Station) and the wireless client (referred to as the Remote
Station):
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Link Test (802.11b APs Only)
— Station Name: The Access Point’s System Name or the
client’s Windows Networking name.
— MAC Address
— SNR (dB): The Signal to Noise ratio for the received signal.
The displayed value is the running average since the start of
the test and is reported in decibels (dB). Higher numbers
correspond to a stronger link. The bar graph also displays the
relative strength of the link (a green bar indicates a strong link,
a yellow bar indicates a fair link, and a red bar indicates a
weak link).
— Signal (dBm): The strength of the received signal in dBm
(decibels referenced to 1 milliwatt). The displayed value is the
running average since the start of the test and is reported as a
negative number. Higher numbers correspond to a stronger
link. For example, -40 dBm corresponds to a stronger signal
than -50 dBm. The bar graph also displays the relative
strength of the signal (a longer bar represents a stronger
signal).
— Noise (dBm): The strength of the noise detected at the
receiver reported in dBm (decibels referenced to 1 milliwatt).
The displayed value is the running average since the start of
the test and is reported as a negative number. Noise can
interfere with the received signal so a smaller noise value
corresponds to a stronger link. For example, a noise level of
-95 dBm is more desirable than a noise level of -89 dBm. The
bar graph displays the relative strength of the noise level (a
shorter bar represents a weaker noise level and is more
desirable than a longer bar).
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-17
Link Test (802.11b APs Only)
— 11 Mbps (pkts): The number of packets received at the 11
Mbits/sec transmit rate since the start of the Link Test. In
general, most packets will be received at the 11 Mbits/sec rate
if the devices have a strong link.
— 5.5 Mbps (pkts): The number of packets received at the 5.5
Mbits/sec transmit rate since the start of the Link Test.
— 2 Mbps (pkts): The number of packets received at the 2
Mbits/sec transmit rate since the start of the Link Test.
— 1 Mbps (pkts): The number of packets received at the 1
Mbits/sec transmit rate since the start of the Link Test.
NOTE:
Click the Refresh button periodically to update the test results. The
test screen does not refresh automatically.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Link Test (802.11b APs Only)
Figure 5-11.
SNR Report Screen
5. Click Close to end the Link Test.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
5-19
Commands
6
In This Chapter
• Logging into the HTTP Interface
• Download: Download files from a TFTP server to the AP.
• Upload: Upload configuration files from the AP to a TFTP server.
• Reboot: Reboot the AP in the specified number of seconds.
• Reset: Reset all of the Access Point’s configuration settings to
factory defaults.
• Help Link: Configure the location where the AP Help files can be
found.
Logging into the HTTP Interface
Once the AP has a valid IP Address and an Ethernet connection, you may
use your web browser to issue commands.
The Command Line Interface (CLI) also provides a method for issuing
commands using Telnet or a serial connection. This section covers only
use of the HTTP Interface. For more information about issuing commands
with the CLI, refer to Command Line Interface (CLI).
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
6-1
Logging into the HTTP Interface
Follow these steps to view the available commands supported by the
AP’s HTTP interface:
1. Open a Web browser on a network computer.
NOTE:
The HTTP interface supports the following Web browser:
— Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 with Service Pack 1 or later
— Netscape 6.1 or later
2. If necessary, disable the Internet proxy settings. For Internet
Explorer users, follow these steps:
— Select Tools > Internet Options....
— Click the Connections tab.
— Click LAN Settings....
— If necessary, remove the check mark from the Use a proxy
server box.
— Click OK twice to save your changes and return to Internet
Explorer.
3. Enter the Access Point’s IP address in the browser’s Address field
and press Enter.
— Result: The Enter Network Password screen appears.
4. Enter the HTTP password in the Password field and click OK.
Leave the User Name field blank. (By default, the HTTP password
is “public”).
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Logging into the HTTP Interface
— Result: The System Status screen appears.
Figure 6-1.
Enter Network Password Screen
5. Click the Commands button located on the left-hand side of the
screen.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
6-3
Logging into the HTTP Interface
Figure 6-2.
Commands Main Screen
6. Click the tab that corresponds to the command you want to issue.
For example, click Reboot to restart the unit.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Download
Download
Use the Download tab to download Configuration, AP Image, and
Bootloader files to the AP. A TFTP server must be running and configured
to point to the directory containing the file.
Figure 6-3.
Download Command Screen
If you don’t have a TFTP server installed on your system, install the TFTP
server from the Avaya Wireless CD. You can either install the TFTP
server from the CD Wizard or run OEM-TFTP-Server.exe found in the
CD’s Xtras/SolarWinds sub-directory.
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6-5
Download
The Download tab shows version information and allows you to enter
TFTP information as described below.
• Server IP Address: Enter the TFTP server IP Address.
— Double-click the TFTP server icon on your desktop and locate
the IP address assigned to the TFTP server. Note: This is the
IP address that will be used to point the Access Point to the
AP Image file.
• File Name: Enter the name of the file to be downloaded (including
the file extension).
— Copy the updated AP Image file to the TFTP server’s root
folder. The default AP Image is located at
C:/Program Files/Avaya_Wireless/AP600/.
• File Type: Select the proper file type. Choices include:
— Config for configuration information, such as System Name,
Contact Name, and so on.
— Img for the AP Image (executable program).
— BspBl for the Bootloader software.
• File Operation: Select either Download or Download & Reboot.
You should reboot the AP after downloading files.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Upload
Upload
Use the Upload tab to upload Configuration files from the AP. The TFTP
server must be running and configured to point to the directory to which
you want to copy the uploaded file. We suggest you assign the file a
meaningful name, which may include version or location information.
If you don’t have a TFTP server installed on your system, install the TFTP
server from the Avaya Wireless CD. You can either install the TFTP
server from the CD Wizard or run OEM-TFTP-Server.exe found in the
CD’s Xtras/SolarWinds sub-directory.
• Server IP Address: Enter the TFTP server IP Address.
— Double-click the TFTP server icon on your desktop and locate
the IP address assigned to the TFTP server.
• File Name: Enter the name of the file to be uploaded.
• File Type: Select Config.
• File Operation: Select Upload.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
6-7
Reboot
Figure 6-4.
Upload Command Screen
Reboot
Use the Reboot tab to save configuration changes (if any) and reset the
AP. Entering a value of 0 (zero) seconds causes an immediate reboot.
Note that Reset, described below, does not save configuration changes.
! CAUTION:
Rebooting the AP will cause all users who are currently connected to lose
their connection to the network until the AP has completed the restart process and resumed operation.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Reboot
Figure 6-5.
Reboot Command Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
6-9
Reset
Reset
Use the Reset tab to restore the AP to factory default conditions. The AP
may also be reset from the RESET button located on the side of the unit.
Since this will reset the Access Point’s current IP address, a new IP
address must be assigned. Refer to Recovery Procedures for more
information.
! CAUTION:
Resetting the AP to its factory default configuration will permanently overwrite all changes that have made to the unit. The AP will reboot automatically after this command has been issued.
Figure 6-6.
6-10
Reset to Factory Defaults Command Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Help Link
Help Link
To open Help, click the Help button on any display screen.
During initialization, the AP on-line help files are downloaded to the
default location: C:/Program Files/Avaya_
Wireless/AP/HTML/index.htm.
NOTE:
Use the forward slash character ("/") rather than the backslash
character ("\") when configuring the Help Link location.
The Avaya Wireless AP Help information is available in English, French,
German, Italian, Spanish, and Japanese. The Help files are copied to
your computer in one language only.
If you want to place these files on a shared drive, copy the Help Folder to
the new location, and then specify the new path in the Help Link box.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
6-11
Help Link
Figure 6-7.
6-12
Help Link Configuration Screen
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Troubleshooting
7
In This Chapter
• Troubleshooting Concepts
• Symptoms and Solutions
• Recovery Procedures
• Related Applications
NOTE:
This section helps you locate problems related to the AP device
setup. For details about RADIUS, TFTP, serial communication
programs (such as HyperTerminal), Telnet applications, or web
browsers, please refer to the documentation that came with the
application for assistance.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
7-1
Troubleshooting Concepts
Troubleshooting Concepts
The following list identifies important troubleshooting concepts and topics.
The most common initialization and installation problems relate to IP
addressing. For example, you must have valid IP addresses for both the
AP and the management computer to access the unit’s HTTP interface.
• IP Address management is fundamental.
• Factory default units are set for “Dynamic” (DHCP) IP Address
assignment. The default IP address for the AP is 10.0.0.1 if your
network does not have a DHCP server. If you connect the AP to a
network with an active DHCP server, then use ScanTool to locate
the IP address of your unit. If a DHCP server is not active on your
subnet, then use ScanTool to assign a static IP address to the unit.
• The Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) provides a means to
download and upload files. These files include the AP Image
(executable program) and configuration files.
• If the AP password is lost or forgotten, you will need to reset to
default values. The Reset to Factory Default Procedure resets
configuration, but does not change the current AP Image.
• If all else fails… Use the Forced Reload Procedure to erase the
current AP Image and then download a new image. Once the new
image is loaded, use the Reset to Factory Default Procedure to set
the unit to factory default values and reconfigure the unit.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Troubleshooting Concepts
• The AP Supports a Command Line Interface (CLI). If you are
having trouble locating your AP on the network, connect to the unit
directly using the serial interface and refer to Command Line
Interface (CLI) for CLI command syntax and parameter names.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
7-3
Symptoms and Solutions
Symptoms and Solutions
Connectivity Issues
Connectivity issues include any problem that prevents you from powering
up or connecting to the AP.
AP Unit Will Not Boot - No LED Activity
1. Make sure your power source is operating.
2. Make sure all cables are connected to the AP correctly.
3. If you are using Active Ethernet, make sure you are using a
Category 5, foiled, twisted pair cable to power the AP.
Serial Link Does Not Work
1. Make sure you are using a standard, straight-through, 9-pin serial
cable.
2. Double-check the physical network connections.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Symptoms and Solutions
3. Make sure your PC terminal program (such as HyperTerminal) is
active and configured to the following values:
— Com Port: (COM1, COM2, etc. depending on your computer);
— Baud rate: 9600; Data bits: 8; Stop bits: 1; Flow Control: None;
Parity: None;
— Line Feeds with Carriage Returns
(In HyperTerminal select:
File -> Properties -> Settings -> ASCII Setup -> Send Line
Ends with Line Feeds)
Ethernet Link Does Not Work
1. Double-check the physical network connections. Use a
known-good unit to make sure the network connection is present.
Once you have the AP IP address, you can use the “Ping”
command over Ethernet to test the IP Address. If the AP responds
to the Ping, then the Ethernet Interface is working properly.
2. By default, the Access Point will attempt to automatically detect the
Ethernet settings. However, if you are having problems with the
Ethernet link, manually configure the Access Point’s Ethernet
settings. For example, if your switch operates at 100 Mbits/sec/Full
Duplex, manually configure the Access Point to use these settings
(see Ethernet). If you cannot access the unit over Ethernet, then
use the CLI interface over the serial port to configure the Ethernet
port (see Command Line Interface (CLI) and Set Ethernet Speed
and Transmission Mode).
3. Perform network infrastructure troubleshooting (check switches,
routers, etc.).
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
7-5
Symptoms and Solutions
Basic Software Setup and Configuration Problems
Lost AP, Telnet, or SNMP Password
1. Perform the Reset to Factory Default Procedure in this guide. This
procedure resets system and network parameters, but does not
affect the AP Image.
The default AP HTTP password is “public”, and the default Telnet
password is also “public”.
Client Computer Cannot Connect
1. Client computers should have the same Network Name and
security settings as the AP.
2. Network Names should be allocated and maintained by the
Network Administrator.
3. Refer to the documentation that came with your client card for
additional troubleshooting suggestions.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Symptoms and Solutions
AP Has Incorrect IP Address
1. Default IP Address Assignment mode is dynamic (DHCP). If you
do not have a DHCP server on your network, the default IP
Address is 10.0.0.1. If you have more than one unintialized AP
connected to the network, they will all have the same default IP
address and you will not be able to communicate with them (due to
an IP address conflict). In this case, assign each AP a static IP
address via the serial cable or turn off all units but one and change
the IP address using ScanTool one at a time.
2. The AP only contacts a DHCP server during boot-up. If your
network’s DHCP server is not available while the AP is booting, the
device will retain the last IP Address it had. Reboot the AP once
your DHCP server is on-line again or use the ScanTool to find the
Access Point’s current IP address.
3. To find the unit’s current IP address if using DHCP, open the IP
Client Table in the DHCP Server and match the Access Point’s IP
address to its MAC address (found on the product label).
Alternatively, use ScanTool to identify an Access Point’s current IP
address.
4. Once you have the current IP address, use the HTTP or CLI
Interface to change the unit’s IP settings, if necessary.
5. If you use static IP Address assignments, and cannot access the
unit over Ethernet, use the Initializing the IP Address using CLI
procedure. Once the IP Address is set, you can use the Ethernet
Interface to complete configuration.
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7-7
Symptoms and Solutions
6. Perform the Reset to Factory Default Procedure in this guide. This
will reset the unit to “DHCP” mode. If there is a DHCP Server on
the network, the DHCP Server will assign an IP Address to the AP.
HTTP (browser) or Telnet Interface Does Not Work
1. Make sure you are using a compatible browser:
— Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 with Service Pack 1 or later
— Netscape 6.1 or later
2. Make sure you have the proper IP address. Enter your
Access Point’s IP Address in the browser address bar, similar to
this example:
http://192.168.1.100
When the Enter Network Password window appears, leave the
User Name field empty and enter the HTTP password in the
Password field. The default HTTP password is “public”.
3. Use the CLI over the serial port to check the IP Access Table,
which can be restricting access to Telnet and HTTP.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Symptoms and Solutions
HTML Help Files Do Not Appear
1. Verify that the HTML Help files are installed in the default directory:
C:\Program Files\Avaya_Wireless\AP\HTML\
2. If the Help files are not located in this folder, contact your network
administrator to find out where the Help files are located on your
server.
3. Perform the following steps to verify the location or to enter the
pathname for the Help files:
a. Click the Commands button in the HTTP interface.
b. Select the Help tab located at the top of the screen.
c. Enter the pathname where the Help files are located in the
Help Link box.
d. Click OK when finished.
Telnet CLI Does Not Work
1. Make sure you have the proper IP Address. Enter your AP IP
address in the Telnet connection dialog, from a DOS prompt, type:
C:\> telnet <AP IP Address>
2. Confirm that your computer has an IP address in the same IP
subnet as your Access Point.
3. Use the CLI over the serial port to check the IP Access Table,
which can be restricting access to Telnet and HTTP.
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7-9
Symptoms and Solutions
TFTP Server Does Not Work
1. Make sure the TFTP Server has been started.
2. Verify the IP address of the TFTP Server. The server may be local
or remote, so long as it has a valid IP address.
3. Configure the TFTP Server to “point” to the folder containing the
file to be downloaded (or to the folder in which the file is to be
uploaded).
4. Verify that you have entered the proper AP Image file name
(including the file extension) and directory path.
5. If you have a problem uploading a file, verify that the TFTP server
is configured to allow uploads (typically the default setting is to
allow only downloads).
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Symptoms and Solutions
Client Connection Problems
Client Software Finds No Connection
Make sure you have configured your client software with the proper
Network Name and Security settings. Network Names and WEP Keys are
typically allocated and maintained by your network administrator.
Client PC Card Does Not Work
1. Make sure you are using the latest PC Card driver software.
2. Download and install the latest Avaya Wireless client software
from http://www.avaya.com/support.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
7-11
Symptoms and Solutions
Intermittent Loss of Connection
1. Make sure you are within range of an active AP.
2. You can check the signal strength using the signal strength gauge
on your client software. If you have an 802.11b AP, you can also
use the Remote Link Test available in the Access Point’s HTTP
interface. See Link Test (802.11b APs Only).
Client Does Not Receive an IP Address - Cannot Connect to Internet
1. If the AP is configured as a DHCP server, open the Web-browser
Interface and select the Configure button and then the Network
tab to make sure the proper DHCP settings are being used.
2. If you are not using the DHCP server feature on the AP, then make
sure that your local DHCP server is accessible from the
Access Point’s subnet.
3. From the client computer, use the “ping” network command to test
the connection with the AP. If the AP responds, but you still cannot
connect to the Internet, there may be a physical network
configuration problem (contact your network support staff).
4. If using Active Ethernet, make sure you are not using a crossover
Ethernet cable between the AP and the hub.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Symptoms and Solutions
VLAN Operation Issues
Verifying Proper Operation of the VLAN Feature
The correct VLAN configuration can be verified by “pinging” both wired
and wireless hosts from both sides of the AP device and the network
switch. Traffic can be “sniffed” on both the wired (Ethernet) and wireless
(WDS) backbones (if configured). Bridge frames generated by wireless
clients and viewed on one of the backbones should contain IEEE 802.1Q
compliant VLAN headers or tags. The VLAN ID in the headers should
correspond to one of the VLAN User IDs configured for the AP.
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: APs with an 11a Upgrade Kit or 802.11b/g Kit
support up to 16 VLAN/SSID pairs. APs with an 802.11b PC Card or
a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit support only one VLAN/SSID per radio.
VLAN Workgroups
The correct VLAN assignment can be verified by pinging the AP to ensure
connectivity, by pinging the switch to ensure VLAN properties, and by
pinging hosts past the switch to confirm the switch is functional.
Ultimately, traffic can be “sniffed” on the Ethernet or WDS interfaces (if
configured) using third-party packages. Most problems can be avoided by
ensuring that 802.1Q compliant VLAN tags containing the proper VLAN
ID have been inserted in the bridged frames. The VLAN ID in the header
should correspond to the user’s assigned network name.
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7-13
Symptoms and Solutions
What if network traffic is being directed to a nonexistent host?
• All sessions are disconnected, traffic is lost, and a manual override
is necessary
• Workaround: you can configure the switch to mimic the nonexistent
host
I have just configured the Management ID and now I can't manage
the AP?
• Check to ensure your password is correct. If your password is
incorrect or all inbound packets do NOT have the correct tag, then
a manual override is necessary.
! CAUTION:
The manual override process disconnects all users and resets all values
to factory defaults.
Active Ethernet (AE)
The AP Does Not Work
1. Verify that you are using a standard UTP Category 5 cable.
2. Try a different port on the same AE hub (remember to move the
input port accordingly) – if it works, there is probably a faulty port or
bad RJ-45 port connection.
3. If possible, try to connect the AP to a different AE hub.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Symptoms and Solutions
4. Try using a different Ethernet cable – if it works, there is probably a
faulty connection over the long cable, or a bad RJ-45 connection.
5. Check power plug and hub.
6. If the Ethernet link goes down, check the cable, cable type, switch,
and hub.
There Is No Data Link
1. Verify that the indicator for the port is “on.”
2. Verify that the AE hub is connected to the Ethernet network with a
good connection.
3. Verify that the Ethernet cable is Category 5 or better and is less
than 100 meters (approximately 325 feet) in length from the
Ethernet source to the AP.
4. Try to connect a different device to the same port on the AE hub –
if it works and a link is established, there is probably a faulty data
link in the AP.
5. Try to re-connect the AP to a different output port (remember to
move the input port accordingly) – if it works, there is probably a
faulty output or input port in the AE hub or a bad RJ-45 connection.
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7-15
Recovery Procedures
“Overload” Indications
1. Verify that you are not using a cross-over cable between the AE
output port and the AP.
2. Verify that there is no short over any of the twisted pair cables.
3. Move the device into a different output port – if it works, there is
probably a faulty port or bad RJ-45 connection.
Recovery Procedures
The most common installation problems relate to IP addressing. For
example, without the TFTP server IP Address, you will not be able to
download a new AP Image to the AP. IP Address management is
fundamental. It is recommended that you create a chart to document and
validate the IP addresses for your system.
If the password is lost or forgotten, you will need to reset the AP to default
values. The Reset to Factory Default Procedure resets configuration
settings, but does not change the current AP Image.
If the AP has a corrupted software image, follow the Forced Reload
Procedure to erase the current AP Image and download a new image.
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Recovery Procedures
Reset to Factory Default Procedure
Use this procedure to reset the network configuration values, including
the Access Point’s IP address and subnet mask. The current AP Image is
not deleted. Follow this procedure if you forget the Access Point’s
password:
1. Press and hold the RELOAD button for 10 seconds.
NOTE:
See RELOAD and RESET Buttons to identify the buttons. You need
to use a pin or the end of a paperclip to press a button.
Result: The AP reboots, and the factory default network values
are restored.
2. If not using DHCP, use the ScanTool or CLI over a serial
connection to set the IP address, subnet mask, and other IP
parameters. See Command Line Interface (CLI) for CLI
information.
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7-17
Recovery Procedures
Figure 7-1.
RELOAD and RESET Buttons
Forced Reload Procedure
Use this procedure to erase the current AP Image and download a new
AP Image. In some cases, specifically when a missing or corrupted AP
Image prevents successful booting, you may need to use ScanTool or the
Bootloader CLI to download a new executable AP Image.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Recovery Procedures
NOTE:
This does not delete the AP’s configuration (in other words, the
Forced Reload Procedure does not reset to device to factory
defaults). If you need to force the AP to the factory default state after
loading a new AP image, use the Reset to Factory Default
Procedure.
For this procedure, you will first erase the AP Image currently installed on
the unit and then use either ScanTool or the Bootloader CLI (over the
serial port) to set the IP address and download a new AP Image. Follow
these steps:
1. While the unit is running, press the RESET button.
NOTE:
See RELOAD and RESET Buttons to identify the buttons. You need
to use a pin or the end of a paperclip to press a button.
Result: The AP reboots and the indicators begin to flash.
! CAUTION:
By completing Step 2, the firmware in the AP will be erased. You will need
an Ethernet connection, a TFTP server, and a serial cable (if using the
Bootloader CLI) to reload firmware.
2. Press and hold the RELOAD button for about 20 seconds until the
POWER LED turns amber.
Result: The AP deletes the current AP Image.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
7-19
Recovery Procedures
3. Follow one of the procedures below to load a new AP Image to the
Access Point:
— Download a New Image Using ScanTool
— Download a New Image Using the Bootloader CLI
Download a New Image Using ScanTool
To download the AP Image, you will need an Ethernet connection to the
computer on which the TFTP server resides and to a computer that is
running ScanTool (this is either two separate computers connected to the
same network or a single computer running both programs).
ScanTool detects if an Access Point does not have a valid software
image installed. In this case, the TFTP Server and Image File Name
parameters are enabled in the ScanTool’s Change screen so you can
download a new image to the unit. (These fields are grayed out if
ScanTool does not detect a software image problem.)
Preparing to Download the AP Image
Before starting, you need to know the Access Point’s IP address, subnet
mask, the TFTP Server IP Address, and the AP Image file name. Make
sure the TFTP server is running and configured to point to the folder
containing the image to be downloaded.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Recovery Procedures
Download Procedure
Follow these steps to use ScanTool to download a software image to an
Access Point with a missing image:
1. Download the latest software from http://www.avaya.com/support.
2. Copy the latest software updates to your TFTP server.
3. Launch ScanTool.
4. Highlight the entry for the AP you want to update and click
Change.
5. Set IP Address Type to Static.
NOTE:
You need to assign static IP information temporarily to the
Access Point since its DHCP client functionality is not available
when no image is installed on the device.
6. Enter an unused IP address that is valid on your network in the IP
Address field. You may need to contact your network
administrator to get this address.
7. Enter the network’s Subnet Mask in the field provided.
8. Enter the network’s Gateway IP Address, if necessary. You may
need to contact your network administrator to get this address. You
should only need to enter the default gateway address if the
Access Point and the TFTP server are separated by a router.
9. Enter the IP address of your TFTP server in the field provided.
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7-21
Recovery Procedures
10. Enter the Image File Name (including the file extension). Enter the
full directory path and file name. If the file is located in the default
TFTP directory, you need enter only the file name.
11. Click OK.
— Result: The Access Point will reboot and the download will
begin automatically. You should see downloading activity
begin after a few seconds within the TFTP server’s status
screen.
12. Click OK when prompted that the device has been updated
successfully to return to the Scan List screen.
13. Click Cancel to close the ScanTool.
14. When the download process is complete, configure the AP as
described in Getting Started and Advanced Configuration.
Download a New Image Using the Bootloader CLI
To download the AP Image, you will need an Ethernet connection to the
computer on which the TFTP server resides. This can be any computer
on the LAN or connected to the AP with a cross-over Ethernet cable.
You must also connect the AP to a computer with a standard serial cable
and use a terminal client, such as HyperTerminal. From the terminal,
enter CLI Commands to set the IP address and download an AP Image.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Recovery Procedures
Preparing to Download the AP Image
Before starting, you need to know the Access Point’s IP address, subnet
mask, the TFTP Server IP Address, and the AP Image file name. Make
sure the TFTP server is running and configured to point to the folder
containing the image to be downloaded.
Download Procedure
1. Download the latest software from http://www.avaya.com/support.
2. Copy the latest software updates to your TFTP server’s default
directory.
3. Use a straight-through serial cable to connect the Access Point’s
serial port to your computer’s serial port.
NOTE:
You must remove the Access Point’s cable cover and front cover to
access the serial port.
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7-23
Recovery Procedures
4. Open your terminal emulation program (like HyperTerminal) and
set the following connection properties:
— Com Port: <COM1, COM2, etc., depending on your computer>
— Baud rate: 9600
— Data Bits: 8
— Stop bits: 1
— Flow Control: None
— Parity: None
5. Under File -> Properties -> Settings -> ASCII Setup, enable the
Send line ends with line feeds option.
Result: HyperTerminal sends a line return at the end of each line
of code.
6. Press the RESET button on the AP.
Result: The terminal display shows Power On Self Tests (POST)
activity. After approximately 30 seconds, a message indicates:
Sending Traps to SNMP manager periodically. After this
message appears, press the ENTER key repeatedly until the
following prompt appears:
[Device name]>
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Recovery Procedures
7. Enter only the following statements:
[Device name]> set ipaddrtype static
[Device name]> set ipaddr <Access Point IP Address>
[Device name]> set ipsubmask <IP Mask>
[Device name]> set tftpipaddr <TFTP Server IP Address>
[Device name]> set tftpfilename <AP Image File Name,
including file extension>
[Device name]> set ipgw <Gateway IP Address>
[Device name]> show ip (to confirm your new settings)
[Device name]> show tftp (to confirm your new settings)
[Device name]> reboot 0
Example:
[Device name]> set ipaddrtype static
[Device name]> set ipaddr 10.0.0.12
[Device name]> set ipsubmask 255.255.255.0
[Device name]> set tftpipaddr 10.0.0.20
[Device name]> set tftpfilename MyImage.bin
[Device name]> set ipgw 10.0.0.30
[Device name]> show ip
[Device name]> show tftp
[Device name]> reboot 0
Result: The AP will reboot and then download the image file. You
should see downloading activity begin after a few seconds within
the TFTP server’s status screen.
8. When the download process is complete, configure the AP as
described in Getting Started and Advanced Configuration.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
7-25
Recovery Procedures
Setting IP Address using Serial Port
Use the following procedure to set an IP address over the serial port
using the CLI. The network administrator typically provides the AP IP
address.
Hardware and Software Requirements
• Standard straight-through serial data (RS-232) cable with a one
male DB-9 connector and one female DB-9 connector. The AP
comes with a female 9-pin serial port.
• ASCII Terminal software, such as HyperTerminal.
Attaching the Serial Port Cable
1. Unlock and remove the cable cover from the AP.
2. Remove the front cover from the AP to reveal the serial port.
3. Connect one end of the serial cable to the AP and the other end to
a serial port on your computer.
4. Power on the computer and AP, if necessary.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Recovery Procedures
Initializing the IP Address using CLI
After installing the serial port cable, you may use the CLI to communicate
with the AP. CLI supports most generic terminal emulation programs,
such as HyperTerminal (which is included with the Windows operating
systems). In addition, many web sites offer shareware or commercial
terminal programs you can download. Once the IP address has been
assigned, you can use the HTTP interface or the CLI over Telnet to
complete configuration.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
7-27
Recovery Procedures
Follow these steps to assign the AP an IP address:
1. Open your terminal emulation program (like HyperTerminal) and
set the following connection properties:
— Com Port: <COM1, COM2, etc., depending on your computer>
— Baud rate: 9600
— Data Bits: 8
— Stop bits: 1
— Flow Control: None
— Parity: None
2. Under File -> Properties -> Settings -> ASCII Setup, enable the
Send line ends with line feeds option.
Result: HyperTerminal sends a line return at the end of each line of
code.
3. Press the RESET button on the AP (see RELOAD and RESET
Buttons to identify the location of the RESET button).
Result: The terminal display shows Power On Self Tests (POST)
activity, and then displays a CLI prompt, similar to the example
below. This process may take up to 90 seconds.
[Device name]> Please enter password:
4. Enter the CLI password (default is public).
Result: The terminal displays a welcome message and then the
CLI Prompt:
[Device name]>
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Recovery Procedures
5. Enter show ip. Result: Network parameters appear:
Figure 7-2.
Result of “show ip” CLI Command
6. Change the IP address and other network values using set and
reboot CLI commands, similar to the example below (use your
own IP address and subnet mask). Note that IP Address Type is
set to Dynamic by default. If you have a DHCP server on your
network, you should not need to manually configure the
Access Point’s IP address; the Access Point will obtain an IP
address from the network’s DHCP server during boot-up.
Result: After each entry the CLI reminds you to reboot; however
wait to reboot until all commands have been entered.
[Device name]> set ipaddrtype static
[Device name]> set ipaddr <IP Address>
[Device name]> set ipsubmask <IP Subnet Mask>
[Device name]> set ipgw <Default Gateway IP Address>
[Device name]> show ip (to confirm your new settings)
[Device name]> reboot 0
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Related Applications
7. After the AP reboots, verify the new IP address by reconnecting to
the CLI and enter a show ip command. Alternatively, you can ping
the AP from a network computer to confirm that the new IP
address has taken effect.
8. When the proper IP address is set, use the HTTP interface or CLI
over Telnet to configure the rest of the unit’s operating parameters.
Related Applications
RADIUS Authentication Server
If you enabled RADIUS Authentication on the AP, make sure that your
network’s RADIUS servers are operational. Otherwise, clients will not be
able to log in. There are several reasons the authentication server
services might be unavailable, here are two typical things to check:
• Make sure you have the proper RADIUS authentication server
information setup configured in the AP. Check the RADIUS
Authentication Server’s Shared Secret and Destination Port number
(default is 1812; for RADIUS Accounting, the default is 1813).
• Make sure the RADIUS authentication server RAS setup matches
the AP.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Related Applications
TFTP Server
The “Trivial File Transfer Protocol” (TFTP) server allows you to transfer
files across a network. You can upload configuration files from the AP for
backup or copying, and you can download configuration files or new
software images. The TFTP software is located on the Avaya Wireless
AP Installation CD-ROM.
If a TFTP server is not configured and running, you will not be able to
download and upload images and configuration files to/from the AP.
Remember that the TFTP server does not have to be local, so long as you
have a valid TFTP IP address. Note that you do not need a TFTP server
running unless you want to transfer files to or from the AP.
After the TFTP server is installed:
• Check to see that TFTP is configured to point to the directory
containing the AP Image.
• Make sure you have the proper TFTP server IP Address, the proper
AP Image file name, and that the TFTP server is connected.
• Make sure the TFTP server is configured to both send and
receive, with no time-out.
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7-31
Command Line
Interface (CLI)
A
In This Appendix
This section describes the AP’s Command Line (CLI) Interface. CLI
commands can be used to initialize, configure, and manage the Access
Point.
CLI commands may be entered in real time through a keyboard or
submitted with CLI scripts.
The CLI is available through both the Serial Port interface and over the
Ethernet interface using Telnet.
NOTE:
All CLI commands and parameters are case-sensitive.
• General Notes
• Command Line Interface (CLI) Variations
• CLI Command Types
• Using Tables & User Strings
• Configuring the AP using CLI commands
• Set Basic Configuration Parameters
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-1
General Notes
• Other Network Settings
• CLI Monitoring Parameters
• Parameter Tables
General Notes
Prerequisite Skills and Knowledge
To use this document effectively, you should have a working knowledge
of Local Area Networking (LAN) concepts, network access
infrastructures, and client-server relationships. In addition, you should be
familiar with software setup procedures for typical network operating
systems and servers.
Notation Conventions
• Computer prompts are shown as constant width type. For example:
[Device name]>
• Information that you input as shown is displayed in bold constant
width type. For example: [Device name]> set ipaddr 10.0.0.12
• The names of keyboard keys, software buttons, and field names are
displayed in bold type. For example: Click the Configure button.
• Screen names are displayed in bold italics. For example, the
System Status screen.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
General Notes
Important Terminology
Term
Description
Configuration Files
Database files containing the current
Access Point configuration. Configuration
items include the IP Address and other
network-specific values. Config files may
be downloaded to the Access Point or
uploaded for backup or troubleshooting.
Download vs. Upload
Downloads transfer files to the Access
Point. Uploads transfer files from the
Access Point. The TFTP server performs
file transfers in both directions.
Group
A logical collection of network parameter
information. For example, the System
Group is composed of several related
parameters.
Groups can also contain
Tables.
All items for a given Group can be
displayed with a show <Group> CLI
Command.
Image File
The Access Point software executed
from RAM. To update an Access Point
you typically download a new Image File.
This file is often referred to as the “AP
Image”.
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A-3
General Notes
Term
Description
Parameter
A fundamental network value that can be
displayed and may be changeable. For
example, the Access Point must have a
unique IP Address and the Wireless
interface must be assigned an SSID.
Change parameters with the CLI set
Command, and view them with the CLI
show Command.
Table
Tables hold parameters for several
related items. For example, you can add
several potential managers to the SNMP
Table. All items for a given Table can be
displayed with a show <Table> CLI
Command.
TFTP
Refers to the TFTP Server, used for file
transfers.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
General Notes
Navigation and Special Keys
This CLI supports the following navigation and special key functions to
move the cursor along the prompt line.
Key Combination Operation
Delete or
Delete previous character
Backspace
Ctrl-A
Move cursor to beginning of line
Ctrl-E
Move cursor to end of line
Ctrl-F
Move cursor forward one character
Ctrl-B
Move cursor back one character
Ctrl-D
Delete the character the cursor is on
Ctrl-U
Delete all text to left of cursor
Ctrl-P
Go to the previous line in the history
buffer
Ctrl-N
Go to the next line in the history buffer
Tab
Complete the command line
?
List available commands
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A-5
General Notes
CLI Error Messages
The following table describes the error messages associated with
improper inputs or expected CLI behavior.
Error Message
Syntax Error
Invalid Command
Invalid Parameter
Name
Invalid Parameter
Value
Invalid Table Index
Invalid Table
Parameter
Invalid Table
Parameter Value
Read Only Parameter
Incorrect Password
Download
Unsuccessful
Upload Unsuccessful
A-6
Description
Invalid syntax entered at the command prompt.
A non-existent command has been entered at
the command prompt.
An invalid parameter name has been entered
at the command prompt.
An invalid parameter value has been entered at
the command prompt.
An invalid table index has been entered at the
command prompt.
An invalid table parameter has been entered at
the command prompt.
An invalid table parameter value has been
entered at the command prompt.
User is attempting to configure a read-only
parameter.
An incorrect password has been entered in the
CLI login prompt.
The download operation has failed due to
incorrect TFTP server IP Address or file name.
The upload operation has failed due to
incorrect TFTP server IP Address or file name.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Command Line Interface (CLI) Variations
Command Line Interface (CLI) Variations
Administrators use the CLI to control Access Point operation and monitor
network statistics. The AP supports two types of CLI: the Bootloader CLI
and the normal CLI. The Bootloader CLI provides a limited command set,
and is used when the current AP Image is bad or missing. The Bootloader
CLI allows you to assign an IP Address and download a new image. Once
the image is downloaded and running, the Access Point uses the normal
CLI. This guide covers the normal CLI unless otherwise specified.
Bootloader CLI
The Bootloader CLI is a minimal subset of the normal CLI used to perform
initial configuration of the AP. This interface is only accessible via the
serial interface if the AP does not contain a software image or a download
image command over TFTP has failed.
The Bootloader CLI provides you with the ability to configure the initial
setup parameters as well as download a software image to the device.
The following functions are supported by the Bootloader CLI:
• configuration of initial device parameters using the set command
• show command to view the device’s configuration parameters
• help command to provide additional information on all commands
supported by the Bootloader CLI
• reboot command to reboot the device
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A-7
Command Line Interface (CLI) Variations
The parameters supported by the Bootloader CLI (for viewing and
modifying) are:
• System Name
• IP Address Assignment Type
• IP Address
• IP Mask
• Gateway IP Address
• TFTP Server IP Address
• Image File Name (including the file extension)
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Command Line Interface (CLI) Variations
The following lists display the results of using the help command in the
Bootloader CLI:
Figure A-1.
Results of “help” bootloader CLI command
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Command Line Interface (CLI) Variations
The following lists display the results of using the show command in the
Bootloader CLI:
Figure A-2.
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Results of “show” bootloader CLI command
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
CLI Command Types
CLI Command Types
This guide divides CLI Commands into two categories: Operational and
Parameter Controls.
Operational CLI Commands
These commands affect Access Point behavior, such as downloading,
rebooting, and so on. After entering commands (and parameters, if any)
press the Enter key to execute the Command Line.
Operational commands include:
• ?: Typing a question mark lists CLI Commands or parameters,
depending on usage (you do not need to type Enter after typing this
command)
• done, exit, quit: Terminates the CLI session
• download: Uses TFTP server to download “image”, “config”, or
“bootloader upgrade” files to Access Point
• help: Displays general CLI help information or command help
information, such as command usage and syntax
• history: Remembers commands to help avoid re-entering complex
statements
• passwd: Sets the Access Point’s CLI password
• reboot: Reboots the Access Point in the specified time
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CLI Command Types
• search: Lists the parameters in a specified Table
• upload: Uses TFTP server to upload “config” files from Access Point
to TFTP default directory or specified path
? (List Commands)
This command can be used in a number of ways to display available
commands and parameters.
The following table lists each operation and provides a basic example.
Following the table are detailed examples and display results for each
operation.
Operation
Display the Command List (Example 1)
Display commands that start with
specified letters (Example 2)
Display parameters for set and show
Commands (Examples 3a and 3b)
Prompt to enter successive parameters
for Commands (Example 4)
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Basic Example
[Device Name]>?
[Device Name]>s?
[Device Name]>set ?
[Device Name]>show ipa?
[Device Name]>download ?
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CLI Command Types
Example 1. Display Command list
To display the Command List, enter ?.
[Device Name]>?
Figure A-3.
Result of “?” CLI command
Example 2. Display specific Commands
To show all commands that start with specified letters, enter one or more
letters, then ? with no space between letters and ?.
[Device Name]>s?
Figure A-4.
Result of “s?” CLI command
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CLI Command Types
Example 3. Display parameters for set and show
Example 3a allows you to see every possible parameter for the set (or
show) commands. Notice from example 3a that the list is very long.
Example 3b shows how to display a subset of the parameters based on
initial parameter letters.
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CLI Command Types
Example 3a. Display every parameter that can be changed
[Device Name]>set ?
Figure A-5.
Result of “set ?” CLI command
.
.
.
.
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CLI Command Types
Example 3b. Display parameters based on letter sequence
This example shows entries for parameters that start with the letter “i”.
The more letters you enter, the fewer the results returned. Notice that
there is no space between the letters and the question mark.
[Device Name]> show ipa?
Figure A-6.
Result of “show ipa?” CLI command
[Device Name]> show iparp?
Figure A-7.
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Result of “show iparp?” CLI command
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CLI Command Types
Example 4. Display Prompts for Successive Parameters
Enter the command, a space, and then ?. Then, when the parameter
prompt appears, enter the parameter value. Result: The parameter is
changed and a new CLI line is echoed with the new value (in the first part
of the following example, the value is the IP Address of the TFTP server).
After entering one parameter, you may add another ? to the new CLI line
to see the next parameter prompt, and so on until you have entered all of
the required parameters. The following example shows how this is used
for the download Command. The last part of the example shows the
completed download Command ready for execution.
[Device Name]> download ?
<TFTP IP Address>
[Device Name]> download 192.168.0.101 ?
<File Name>
[Device Name]> download 192.168.0.101 apimage ?
<file type (config/img/bootloader)>
[Device Name]> download 192.168.0.101 apimage img <CR>
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CLI Command Types
done, exit, quit
Each of the following commands ends a CLI session:
[Device Name]> done
[Device Name]> exit
[Device Name]> quit
download
Downloads the specified file from a TFTP server to the Access Point.
Executing download in combination with the asterisks character (“*”) will
make use of the previously set TFTP parameters. Executing download
without parameters will display command help and usage information.
1. Syntax to download a file:
Device Name]>download <tftp server address> <path and
filename> <file type>
Example:
[Device Name]>download 192.168.1.100 APImage2 img
2. Syntax to display help and usage information:
[Device Name]>download
3. Syntax to execute the download Command using previously set
(stored) TFTP Parameters:
[Device Name]>download *
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CLI Command Types
help
Displays instructions on using control-key sequences for navigating a
Command Line and displays command information and examples.
1. Using help as the only argument:
[Device Name]>help
Figure A-8.
Results of “help” CLI command
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CLI Command Types
2. Complete command description and command usage can be
provided by:
[Device Name]>help <command name>
[Device Name]><command name> help
history
Shows content of Command History Buffer. The Command History Buffer
stores command statements entered in the current session. To avoid
re-entering long command statements, use the keyboard “up arrow”
(Ctrl-P) and “down arrow” (Ctrl-N) keys to recall previous statements from
the Command History Buffer. When the desired statement reappears,
press the Enter key to execute, or you may edit the statement before
executing it.
[Device Name]> history
passwd
Changes the CLI Password.
[Device Name]> passwd oldpassword newpassword newpassword
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
CLI Command Types
reboot
Reboots Access Point after specified number of seconds. Specify a value
of 0 (zero) for immediate reboot.
[Device Name]> reboot 0
[Device Name]> reboot 30
search
Lists the parameters supported by the specified table. This list
corresponds to the table information displayed in the HTTP interface. In
this example, the CLI returns the list of parameters that make up an entry
in the IP Access Table.
[Device Name]> search mgmtipaccesstbl
Figure A-9.
Results of “search mgmtipaccesstbl” CLI command
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CLI Command Types
upload
Uploads a text-based configuration file from the AP to the TFTP Server.
Executing upload with the asterisk character (“*”) will make use of the
previously set/stored TFTP parameters. Executing upload without
parameters will display command help and usage information.
1. Syntax to upload a file:
[Device Name]>upload <tftp server address> <path and
filename> <filetype>
Example:
[Device Name]>upload 192.168.1.100 APconfig.sys config
2. Syntax to display help and usage information:
[Device Name]>help upload
3. Syntax to execute the upload command using previously set
(stored) TFTP Parameters:
[Device Name]>upload *
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CLI Command Types
Parameter Control Commands
The following sections cover the two Parameter Control Commands
(show and set) and include several tables showing parameter properties.
These commands allow you to view (show) all parameters and statistics
and to change (set) parameters.
• show: To see any Parameter or Statistic value, you can specify a
single parameter, a Group, or a Table.
• set: Use this CLI Command to change parameter values. You can
use a single CLI statement to modify Tables, or you can modify each
parameter separately.
“show” CLI Command
Displays the value of the specified parameter, or displays all parameter
values of a specified group (parameter table). Groups contain Parameters
and Tables. Tables contain parameters for a series of similar entities.
To see a definition and syntax example, type only show and then press
the Enter key. To see a list of available parameters, enter a question
mark (?) after show (example: show ?).
Syntax:
[Device Name]>show <parameter>
[Device Name]>show <group>
[Device Name]>show <table>
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CLI Command Types
Examples:
[Device Name]>show ipaddr
[Device Name]>show network
[Device Name]>show mgmtipaccesstbl
“set” CLI Command
Sets (modifies) the value of the specified parameter. To see a definition
and syntax example, type only set and then press the Enter key. To see
a list of available parameters, enter a space, then a question mark (?)
after set (example: set?).
Syntax:
[Device Name]>set <parameter> <value>
[Device Name]>set <table> <index> <argument 1> <value 1>
... <argument N> <value N>
Example:
[Device Name]>set sysloc “Main Lobby”
[Device Name]>set mgmtipaccesstbl 0 ipaddr 10.0.0.10
ipmask 255.255.0.0
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
CLI Command Types
Configuring Objects that Require Reboot
Certain objects supported by the Access Point require a device reboot in
order for the changes to take effect. In order to inform the end-user of this
behavior, the CLI provides informational messages when the user has
configured an object that requires a reboot. The following messages are
displayed as a result of the configuring such object or objects.
Example 1: Configuring objects that require the device to be
rebooted
The following message is displayed every time the user has configured
an object that requires the device to be rebooted.
[Device Name]>set ipaddr 135.114.73.10
The following elements require reboot
ipaddr
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CLI Command Types
Example 2: Executing the “exit”, “quit”, or “done” commands when
an object that requires reboot has been configured
In addition to the above informational message, the CLI also provides a
message as a result of the exit, quit, or done command if changes have
been made to objects that require reboot. If you make changes to objects
that require reboot and execute the exit command the following message
is displayed:
[Device Name]>exit<CR> OR quit<CR> OR done<CR>
Modifications have been made to parameters that require the
device to be rebooted. These changes will only take effect
after the next reboot.
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CLI Command Types
“set” and “show” Command Examples
In general, you will use the CLI show Command to view current
parameter values and use the CLI set Command to change parameter
values. As shown in the following examples, parameters may be set
individually or all parameters for a given table can be set with a single
statement.
Example 1 - Set the Access Point IP Address Parameter
Syntax:
[Device Name]>set <parameter name> <parameter value>
Example:
[Device Name]> set ipaddr 10.0.0.12
Result: IP Address will be changed when you reboot the
Access Point. The CLI reminds you when rebooting is required for
a change to take effect. To reboot immediately, enter reboot 0
(zero) at the CLI prompt.
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CLI Command Types
Example 2 - Create a table entry or row
Use 0 (zero) as the index to a table when creating an entry. When
creating a table row, only the mandatory table elements are required
(comment is usually an optional table element). For optional table
elements, the default value is generally applied if you do not specify a
value.
Syntax:
[Device Name]>set
<table name> <table index> <element 1> <value 1> …
<element n> <value n>
Example:
[Device Name]> set mgmtipaccesstbl 0 ipaddr 10.0.0.10
ipmask 255.255.0.0
Result: A new table entry is created for IP address 10.0.0.10 with
a 255.255.0.0 subnet mask.
Example 3 - Modify a table entry or row
Use the index to be modified and the table elements you would like to
modify. For example, suppose the IP Access Table has one entry and you
wanted to modify the IP address:
[Device Name]>set mgmtipaccesstbl 1 ipaddr 10.0.0.11
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CLI Command Types
You can also modify several elements in the table entry. Enter the index
number and specific table elements you would like to modify. (Hint: Use
the search Command to see the elements that belong to the table.)
[Device Name]>set mgmtipaccesstbl 1 ipaddr 10.0.0.12
ipmask 255.255.255.248 cmt “First Row”
Example 4 - Enable, Disable, or Delete a table entry or row
The following example illustrates how to manage the second entry in a
table.
Syntax:
[Device Name]>set <Table> index status <enable, disable,
delete>
[Device Name]>set <Table> index status <1=enable,
2=disable, 3=delete>
Example:
[Device
[Device
[Device
[Device
Name]>set
Name]>set
Name]>set
Name]>set
mgmtipaccesstbl
mgmtipaccesstbl
mgmtipaccesstbl
mgmtipaccesstbl
2
2
2
2
status
status
status
status
enable
disable
delete
2
NOTE:
You may need to enable a disabled table entry before you can
change the entry’s elements.
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CLI Command Types
Example 5 - Show the Group Parameters
This example illustrates how to view all elements of a group or table.
Syntax:
[Device Name]> show <group name>
Example:
[Device Name]>show network
Result: The CLI displays network group parameters. Note show
network and show ip return the same data.
Figure A-10.
Commands
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Results of “show network” and “show ip” CLI
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
CLI Command Types
Example 6 - Show Individual and Table Parameters
1. View a single parameter.
Syntax:
[Device Name]>show <parameter name>
Example:
[Device Name]> show ipaddr
Result: Displays the Access Point IP address.
Figure A-11.
Result of “show ipaddr” CLI Command
2. View all parameters in a table.
Syntax:
[Device Name]> show <table name>
Example:[Device Name]> show mgmtipaccesstbl
Result: Displays the IP Access Table and its entries.
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Using Tables & User Strings
Using Tables & User Strings
Working with Tables
Each table element (or parameter) must be specified, as in the example
below.
[Device Name]>set mgmtipaccesstbl 0 ipaddr 10.0.0.10 ipmask
255.255.0.0
Below are the rules for creating, modifying, enabling/disabling, and
deleting table entries.
• Creation
— The table name is required.
— The table index is required – for table entry/instance creation
the index is always zero (0).
— The order in which the table arguments or objects are entered
in not important.
— Parameters that are not required can be omitted, in which
case they will be assigned the default value.
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Using Tables & User Strings
• Modification
— The table name is required.
— The table index is required – to modify the table, “index” must
be the index of the entry to be modified.
— Only the table objects that are to be modified need to be
specified. Not all the table objects are required.
— If multiple table objects are to be modified the order in which
they are entered is not important.
— If the entire table entry is to be modified, all the table objects
have to be specified.
• Enabling/Disabling
— The table name is required.
— The table index is required – for table enabling/disabling the
index should be the index of the entry to be enabled/disabled.
— The entry’s new state (either “enable” or “disable”) is required.
• Deletion
— The table name is required.
— The table index is required – for table deletion the index
should be the index of the entry to be deleted.
— The word “delete” is required.
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Using Tables & User Strings
Using Strings
Since there are several string objects supported by the AP, a string
delimiter is required for the strings to be interpreted correctly by the
command line parser. For this CLI implementation, the single quote or
double quote character can be used at the beginning and at the end of the
string.
For example:
[Device Name]> set sysname Lobby - Does not need quote marks
[Device Name]> set sysname “Front Lobby” - Requires quote
marks.
The scenarios supported by this CLI are:
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“My Desk in the
office”
Double Quotes
‘My Desk in the
office’
Single Quotes
“My ‘Desk’ in the
office”
Single Quotes within Double
Quotes
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Using Tables & User Strings
‘My “Desk” in the
office’
Double Quotes within Single
Quotes
“Daniel’s Desk in
the office”
One Single Quote within Double
Quotes
‘Daniel”s Desk in
the office’
One Double Quote within Single
Quotes
The string delimiter does not have to be used for every string object. The
single quote or double quote only has to be used for string objects that
contain blank space characters. If the string object being used does not
contain blank spaces, then the string delimiters, single or double quotes,
mentioned in this section are not required.
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Configuring the AP using CLI commands
Configuring the AP using CLI commands
Log into the AP using HyperTerminal
1. Open your terminal emulation program (like HyperTerminal) and
set the following connection properties:
— Com Port: <COM1, COM2, etc., depending on your computer>
— Baud rate: 9600
— Data Bits: 8
— Stop bits: 1
— Flow Control: None
— Parity: None
2. Under File -> Properties -> Settings -> ASCII Setup, enable the
Send line ends with line feeds option.
Result: HyperTerminal sends a line return at the end of each line
of code.
3. Enter the CLI password (default is public).
NOTE:
Avaya recommends changing your default passwords immediately.
To perform this operation using CLI commands, refer to Change
Passwords.
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Configuring the AP using CLI commands
Log into the AP using Telnet
The CLI commands can be used to access, configure, and manage the
AP using Telnet. Follow these steps:
1. Confirm that your computer’s IP address is in the same IP subnet
as the AP.
NOTE:
If you have not previously configured the Access Point’s IP address
and do not have a DHCP server on the network, the Access Point
will default to an IP address of 10.0.0.1.
2. Go to the DOS command prompt on your computer.
3. Type telnet <IP Address of the unit>.
4. Enter the CLI password (default is public).
NOTE:
Avaya recommends changing your default passwords immediately.
To perform this operation using CLI commands, refer to Change
Passwords.
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Set Basic Configuration Parameters
Set Basic Configuration Parameters
There are a few basic configuration parameters that you may want to
setup right away when you receive the AP. For example:
• Set System Name, Location and Contact Information
• Set Static IP Address for the AP
• Download an AP Configuration File from your TFTP Server
• Set Network Names for the Wireless Interface
• Set WEP Encryption for the Wireless Interface
• Download an AP Configuration File from your TFTP Server
• Backup your AP Configuration File
Set System Name, Location and Contact Information
[Device Name]>set sysname <system name> sysloc <Unit Location>
[Device Name]>set sysctname <Contact Name (person responsible
for system)>
[Device Name]>set sysctphone <Contact Phone Number> sysctemail
<Contact E-mail address>
[Device Name]>show system
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Set Basic Configuration Parameters
Figure A-12.
Result of “show system” CLI Command
Set Static IP Address for the AP
NOTE:
The IP Subnet Mask of the AP must match your network’s Subnet
Mask.
[Device
[Device
[Device
[Device
[Device
Name]>set ipaddrtype static
Name]>set ipaddr <fixed IP address of unit>
Name]>set ipsubmask <IP Mask>
Name]>set ipgw <gateway IP address>
Name]>show network
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Set Basic Configuration Parameters
Change Passwords
[Device Name]>passwd <Old Password> <New Password> <Confirm
Password> (CLI password)
[Device Name]>set httppasswd <New Password> (HTTP interface
password)
[Device Name]>set snmprpasswd <New Password> (SNMP read
password)
[Device Name]>set snmprwpasswd <New Password> (SNMP read/write)
[Device Name]>reboot 0
! CAUTION:
Avaya strongly urges you to change the default passwords to restrict
access to your network devices to authorized personnel. If you lose or forget your password settings, you can always perform the Reset to Factory
Default Procedure.
Set Network Names for the Wireless Interface
[Device Name]>set wif <index 3 (Single-radio APs) or 3 or 4
(Dual-radio APs)> netname <Network Name (SSID) for
wireless interface>
[Device Name]>show wif
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Set Basic Configuration Parameters
Figure A-13.
Results of “show wif” CLI command for an AP
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Set Basic Configuration Parameters
Set WEP Encryption for the Wireless Interface
! CAUTION:
Wireless clients must be configured with the same encryption key to be
able to communicate with the AP. The AP can only support one Key
Length (so each of the configured keys must have the same length). The
available key sizes vary based on the Access Point’s model. See Security
Encryption Key Length Table for more information.
You can set up to four encryption keys. This example describes setting
encryption Key 1 on the wireless card in Slot A (if applicable; a
Single-radio AP uses index 3; a Dual-radio AP uses index 3 for Slot A and
index 4 for Slot B).
[Device Name]>set wifsec 3 encryptstatus enable encryptkey1 <WEP
key (number of characters vary depending on AP model)>
encryptkeytx key1
[Device Name]>show wifsec
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Set Basic Configuration Parameters
Figure A-14.
Result of “show wifsec” CLI Command
Download an AP Configuration File from your TFTP Server
Begin by starting your TFTP program. It must be running and configured
to transmit and receive.
[Device Name]>set tftpfilename <file name> tftpfiletype config
tftpipaddr <IP address of your TFTP server>
[Device Name]>show tftp (to ensure the filename, file type, and the IP address
are correct)
[Device Name]>download *
[Device Name]>reboot 0
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Set Basic Configuration Parameters
After following the complete process (above) once, you can download a
file of the same name (so long as all the other parameters are the same),
with the following command:
[Device Name]>download *
Backup your AP Configuration File
Begin by starting your TFTP program. It must be running and configured
to transmit and receive.
[Device Name]>upload <TFTP Server IP address>
<tftpfilename (such as “config.sys”)> config
[Device Name]>show tftp (to ensure the filename, file type, and the IP
address are correct)
After setting the TFTP parameters, you can backup your current file (so
long as all the other parameters are the same), with the following
command:
[Device Name]>upload *
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Other Network Settings
Other Network Settings
There are other configuration settings that you may want to set for the AP.
Some of them are listed below.
• Configure the AP as a DHCP Server
• Configure the DNS Client
• Maintain Client Connections using Link Integrity
• Change your Wireless Interface Settings
• Set Ethernet Speed and Transmission Mode
• Set Interface Management Services
• Configure MAC Access Control
• Set RADIUS Parameters
• Set VLAN/SSID Parameters
NOTE:
Refer to Advanced Configuration for more information on these
settings.
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Other Network Settings
Configure the AP as a DHCP Server
NOTE:
You must have at least one entry in the DHCP Server IP Address
Pool Table before you can set the DHCP Server Status to Enable.
[Device Name]>set dhcpstatus disable
[Device Name]>set dhcpippooltbl 0 startipaddr <start ip address>
endipaddr <end ip address>
[Device Name]>set dhcpgw <gateway ip address>
[Device Name]>set dhcppridnsipaddr <primary dns ip address>
[Device Name]>set dhcpsecdnsipaddr <secondary dns ip address>
[Device Name]>set dhcpstatus enable
[Device Name]>reboot 0
! CAUTION:
Before enabling this feature, confirm that the IP address pools you have
configured are valid addresses on the network and do not overlap the
addresses assigned by any other DHCP server on the network. Enabling
this feature with incorrect address pools will cause problems on your network.
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Other Network Settings
Configure the DNS Client
[Device
[Device
server>
[Device
server>
[Device
[Device
Name]>set dnsstatus enable
Name]>set dnsprisvripaddr <IP address of primary DNS
Name]>set dnssecsvripaddr <IP address of secondary DNS
Name]>set dnsdomainname <default domain name>
Name]>show dns
Figure A-15.
Results of “show dns” CLI command
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Other Network Settings
Maintain Client Connections using Link Integrity
[Device Name]>show linkinttbl (this shows the current links)
[Device Name]>set linkinttbl <1-5 (depending on what table row
you wish to address)>
ipaddr <ip address of the host computer you want to
check>
[Device Name]>set linkintpollint <the interval between link
integrity checks>
[Device Name]>set linkintpollretx <number of times to retransmit
before considering
the link down>
[Device Name]>set linkintstatus enable
[Device Name]>show linkinttbl (confirm new settings)
[Device Name]>reboot 0
Change your Wireless Interface Settings
See Interfaces for information on the parameters listed below.
Single-radio APs use index 3. Dual-radio APs use index 3 for Slot A and
index 4 for Slot B.
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Other Network Settings
Operational Mode (802.11b/g)
[Device Name]>set wif <index> mode <see table>
mode
Operational Mode
1
dot11b-only
2
dot11g-only
3
dot11bg
5
dot11g-wifi
Autochannel Select (ACS)
ACS is enabled by default. Reboot after disabling or enabling ACS.
[Device Name]>set wif <index> autochannel <enable/disable>
[Device Name]>reboot 0
Enable/Disable Closed System
[Device Name]>set wif <index> closedsys <enable/disable>
Enable/Disable Interference Robustness (802.11b Only)
[Device Name]>set wif <index> interrobust <enable/disable>
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Other Network Settings
Enable/Disable Load Balancing (802.11b Only)
[Device Name]>set wif <index> ldbalance <enable/disable>
Enable/Disable Medium Density Distribution (802.11b Only)
[Device Name]>set wif <index> meddendistrib <enable/disable>
Set the Distance Between APs (802.11b Only)
[Device Name]>set wif <index> distaps <large, medium, small,
minicell, microcell>
[Device Name]>reboot 0
NOTE:
The distance between APs should not be approximated. It is
calculated by means of a manual Site Survey, in which an AP is set
up and clients are tested throughout the area to determine signal
strength and coverage, and local limits such as physical
interference are investigated. From these measurements the
appropriate cell size and density is determined, and the optimum
distance between APs is calculated to suit your particular business
requirements.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Other Network Settings
Set the Multicast Rate (802.11b Only)
[Device Name]>set wif <index> multrate <1,2,5.5,11 (Mbits/sec)>
NOTE:
The Distance Between APs must be set before the Multicast Rate.
Set Ethernet Speed and Transmission Mode
[Device Name]>set etherspeed <value (see below)>
[Device Name]>reboot 0
Ethernet Speed and
Transmission Mode
Value
10 Mbits/sec - half duplex
10halfduplex
10 Mbits/sec - full duplex
10fullduplex
10 Mbits/sec - auto duplex
10autoduplex
100 Mbits/sec - half duplex
100halfduplex
100 Mbits/sec - full duplex
100fullduplex
Auto Speed - half duplex
autohalfduplex
Auto Speed - auto duplex
autoautoduplex
(default)
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-51
Other Network Settings
Set Interface Management Services
Edit Management IP Access Table
[Device Name]>set mgmtipaccesstbl <index> ipaddr <IP address>
ipmask <subnet mask>
Configure Management Ports
[Device Name]>set snmpifbitmask <(see below)>
[Device Name]>set httpifbitmask <(see below)>
[Device Name]>set telifbitmask <(see below)>
Choose from the following values:
Interface bitmask
Description
0 or 2 = disable (all interfaces)
All management channels
disabled
1 or 3 = Ethernet only
Ethernet only enabled
4 or 6 = Wireless A only
Wireless A only enabled
8 or 10 = Wireless B only
Wireless B only enabled
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Other Network Settings
Interface bitmask
Description
12 = Wireless A and Wireless B
Wireless A and Wireless B
enabled
13 or 15 = all interfaces
All management channels
enabled
Set Communication Ports
[Device Name]>set httpport <HTTP port number (default is 80)>
[Device Name]>set telport <Telnet port number (default is 23)>
Set Telnet Session Timeouts
[Device Name]>set tellogintout <time in seconds between 1 and
300 (default is 30)>
[Device Name]>set telsessiontout <time in seconds between 1 and
36000 (default is 900)>
Configure Serial Port Interface
NOTE:
To avoid unexpected performance issues, leave Flow Control at the
default setting (none) unless you are sure what this setting should
be.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-53
Other Network Settings
[Device Name]>set serbaudrate <2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600>
[Device Name]>set serflowctrl <none, xonxoff>
[Device Name]>show serial
Figure A-16.
Result of “show serial” CLI Command
Configure Syslog
[Device Name]>set syslogpriority <1-7 (default is 6)>
[Device Name]>set syslogstatus <enable/disable>
Configure Intra BSS
[Device Name]>set intrabssoptype <passthru (default)/block)>
A-54
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Other Network Settings
Configure MAC Access Control
Setup MAC (Address) Access Control
[Device Name]>set macaclstatus enable
[Device Name]>set macacloptype <passthru, block>
[Device Name]>reboot 0
Add an Entry to the MAC Access Control Table
[Device Name]>set macacltbl <index> macaddr <MAC Address> status
enable
[Device Name]>show macacltbl
Disable or Delete an Entry in the MAC Access Control Table
[Device Name]>set macacltbl <index> status <disable/delete>
[Device Name]>show macacltbl
NOTE:
For larger networks that include multiple Access Points, you may
prefer to maintain this list on a centralized location using the
RADIUS parameters (see Set RADIUS Parameters).
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-55
Other Network Settings
Configure Authentication Mode
Single-radio APs use index 3. Dual-radio APs use index 3 for Slot A and
index 4 for Slot B.
[Device Name]>set secconfigtbl <index> authmode <none, 802.1x,
mixed, wpa, wpa-psk>
[Device Name]>set secconfigtbl <index> enckeylen <64bits,
128bits>
[Device Name]>set secconfigtbl <index> rekeyint <60 – 65535
seconds; default is 900 sec>
[Device Name]>show secconfigtbl (to review your settings)
[Device Name]>reboot 0
NOTE:
If you set Authentication Mode to 802.1x, WPA, or Mixed, you also
need to configure the RADIUS Authentication parameters. If you set
Authentication Mode to Mixed, you also need to configure WEP
Encryption settings.
For Dual-radio APs: WPA is available for APs with an 11a Upgrade
Kit or 802.11b/g Kit. WPA is NOT available for APs with an 802.11b
PC Card or a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Other Network Settings
Set Pre-Shared Key (WPA-PSK Mode)
[Device Name]>set wpaconfigtbl <index> pskey <64 hexadecimal
digits>
or
[Device Name]>set wpaconfigtbl <index> passphrase <8-64
characters; a minimum of 13 characters is recommended>
[Device Name]>show wpaconfigtbl (to review your settings)
[Device Name]>reboot 0
Set RADIUS Parameters
Configure RADIUS Authentication server
[Device Name]>set radiustbl <index> status enable seraddrfmt
<ipaddr or name> ipaddr <RADIUS IP address or
name> port <user defined> ssecret <user defined>
responsetm <1 to 4 seconds> maxretx <1 to 10
times>
[Device Name]>show radiustbl
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-57
Other Network Settings
Figure A-17.
Results of “show radiustbl” CLI command
Enable RADIUS MAC Access Control
[Device Name]>set radmacaccctrl enable
[Device Name]>reboot 0
Set MAC Address Format Type
[Device Name]>set radmacaddrformat <dashdelimited,
colondelimited, singledashdelimited, nodelimiter>
Set Authorization Lifetime
[Device Name]>set radauthlifetm <900-43200 seconds; default is
900>
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Other Network Settings
Enable RADIUS Accounting
[Device Name]>set radaccstatus enable
[Device Name]>set radaccinactivetmr <inactivity timer in
minutes>
[Device Name]>show radius
Figure A-18.
Result of “show radius” CLI Command
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-59
Other Network Settings
Configure RADIUS Accounting server
[Device Name]>set radacctbl <index> status <enable> seraddrfmt
<ipaddr or name> ipaddr <RADIUS IP address or name> port <user
defined> ssecret <user defined> responsetm <1 to 4 seconds>
maxretx <1 to 10 times>
[Device Name]>show radacctbl
Figure A-19.
Results of “show radacctbl” CLI command
Set VLAN/SSID Parameters
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: APs with an 11a Upgrade Kit or 802.11b/g Kit
support up to 16 VLAN/SSID pairs. APs with an 802.11b PC Card or
a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit support only one VLAN/SSID per radio.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Other Network Settings
Enable VLAN Management
[Device Name]>set vlanstatus enable
[Device Name]>set vlanmgmtid <1-4094>
[Device Name]>show vlandidtbl (to review your settings)
[Device Name]>reboot 0
Disable VLAN Management
[Device Name]>set vlanstatus disable or
[Device Name]>set vlanmgmtid 0
[Device Name]>reboot 0
Add an Entry to the VLAN ID Table
[Device Name]>set vlanidtbl <index number; see table> id
<1-4094, -1=untagged> ssid <enter network name>
[Device Name]>show vlandidtbl (to review your settings)
[Device Name]>reboot 0
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-61
CLI Monitoring Parameters
CLI Monitoring Parameters
Using the show command with the following table parameters will display
operating statistics for the AP (these are the same statistics that are
described in Monitor Information for the HTTP Web interface).
— staticmp: Displays the ICMP Statistics.
— statarptbl: Displays the IP ARP Table Statistics.
— statbridgetbl: Displays the Learn Table.
— statiapp: Displays the IAPP Statistics.
— statradius: Displays the RADIUS Authentication Statistics.
— statif: Displays information and statistics about the Ethernet
and wireless interfaces.
— stat802.11: Displays additional statistics for the wireless
interfaces.
— statethernet: Displays additional statistics for the Ethernet
interface.
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Parameter Tables
Objects contain groups that contain both parameters and parameter
tables. Use the following Tables to configure the Access Point. Columns
used on the tables include:
• Name - Parameter, Group, or Table Name
• Type - Data type
• Values - Value range, and default value, if any
• Access = access type, R = Read Only (show), RW = Read-Write
(can be “set”), W = Write Only
• CLI Parameter - Parameter name as used in the Access Point
Access Point network objects are associated with Groups. The network
objects are listed below and associated parameters are described in the
following Parameter Tables:
• System Parameters - Access Point system information
• Inventory Management Information - Hardware, firmware, and
software version information
• Network Parameters - IP and Network Settings
— IP Configuration Parameters - Configure the Access Point’s IP
settings
— DNS Client for RADIUS Name Resolution - Configure the
Access Point as a DNS client
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Parameter Tables
— DHCP Server Parameters - Enable or disable dynamic host
configuration
— Link Integrity Parameters - Monitor link status
• Interface Parameters - Configure Wireless and Ethernet settings
— Wireless Interface Parameters
— Wireless Distribution System (WDS) Parameters (802.11b
Only) - Configure the WDS partnerships
— Ethernet Interface Parameters - Set the speed and duplex of
the Ethernet port
• Management Parameters - Control access to the AP’s management
interfaces
— SNMP Parameters - Set read and read/write passwords
— HTTP (web browser) Parameters - Set up the graphical web
browser interface
— Telnet Parameters - Telnet Port setup
— Serial Port Parameters - Serial Port setup
— TFTP Server Parameters - Set up for file transfers; specify IP
Address, file name, and file type
— IP Access Table Parameters - Configure range of IP
addresses that can access the AP
• Filtering Parameters
— Ethernet Protocol Filtering Parameters - Control network traffic
based on protocol type
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
— Static MAC Address Filter Table - Enable and disable specific
addresses
— Proxy ARP Parameters - Enable or disable proxy ARP for
wireless clients
— IP ARP Filtering Parameters - Control which ARP messages
are sent to wireless clients based on IP settings
— Broadcast Filtering Table - Control the type of broadcast
packets forwarded to the wireless network
— TCP/UDP Port Filtering - Filter IP packets based on TCP/UDP
port
• Alarms Parameters
— SNMP Table Host Table Parameters - Enter the list of IP
addresses that will receive alarms from the AP
— Syslog Parameters - Configure the AP to send Syslog
information to network servers
• Bridge Parameters
— Spanning Tree Parameters - Used to help prevent network
loops
— Storm Threshold Parameters - Set threshold for number of
broadcast packets
— Intra BSS Subscriber Blocking - Enable or disable peer to peer
traffic on the same AP
— Packet Forwarding Parameters - Redirect traffic from wireless
clients to a specified MAC address
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-65
Parameter Tables
• Security Parameters - Access Point security settings
— Wireless Interface Security Parameters - Configure WEP
encryption settings
— MAC Access Control Parameter - Control wireless access
based on MAC address
• RADIUS Parameters
— Primary and Backup RADIUS Server Table Parameters RADIUS Authentication and Accounting information
• VLAN/SSID Parameters - Configure mutiple subnetworks based on
VLAN ID and SSID pairs.
• Other Parameters
— IAPP Parameters - Enable or disable the Inter-Access Point
Protocol
— SpectraLink VoIP Parameters (802.11b Only) - Enable or
disable SpectraLink Voice over IP feature
System Parameters
Name
System
Name
Location
Contact Name
Contact E-mail
A-66
Type
Group
DisplayString
DisplayString
Display String
Display String
Values
Access CLI Parameter
N/A
User Defined
User Defined
User Defined
User Defined
R
RW
RW
RW
RW
system
sysname
sysloc
sysctname
sysctemail
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Contact Phone
Display String
FLASH Backup
Interval
Flash Update
Integer
System OID
Descriptor
DisplayString
DisplayString
Up Time
Integer
User Defined
Maximum 254
characters
0 - 65535 seconds
RW
sysctphone
RW
sysflashbckint
0
RW
sysflashupdate
R
R
sysoid
sysdescr
R
sysuptime
RW
sysresettodefaults
1
N/A
System Name,
flash version, S/N,
bootloader version
dd:hh:mm:ss
dd – days
hh – hours
mm – minutes
Emergency Restore
to defaults
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
ss – seconds
Resets all
parameters to
default factory
values
Note: You must enter
the following
command twice to
reset to defaults:
set
sysresettodefaults 1
A-67
Parameter Tables
Inventory Management Information
Name
Type
System Inventory
Subgroup
Management
Component Table
Subgroup
Component Interface Subgroup
Table
Access CLI Parameter
R
sysinvmgmt
Values
N/A
N/A
N/A
R
R
sysinvmgmtcmptbl
sysinvmgmtcmpiftbl
NOTE:
The inventory management commands display advanced
information about the AP’s installed components. You may be
asked to report this information to a representative if you contact
customer support.
Network Parameters
IP Configuration Parameters
Name
Network
IP Configuration
IP Address
IP Mask
A-68
Type
Group
Group
IpAddress
IpAddress
Values
N/A
N/A
User Defined
User Defined
Access CLI Parameter
R
network
R
ip (Note: The
network and ip
parameters display
the same information)
RW
ipaddr
RW
ipmask
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Default Router IP
Address
Default TTL
IpAddress
User Defined
RW
ipgw
Integer
RW
ipttl
Address Type
Integer
User Defined
(seconds)
64 (default)
static
RW
ipaddrtype
dynamic (default)
NOTE:
The IP Address Assignment Type (ipaddrtype) must be set to static
before the IP Address (ipaddr), IP Mask (ipmask) or Default
Gateway IP Address (ipgw) values can be entered.
DNS Client for RADIUS Name Resolution
Name
DNS Client
DNS Client status
Primary DNS
Server IP Address
Secondary DNS
Server IP Address
Default Domain
Name
Type
Group
Integer
Values
N/A
enable
Access CLI Parameter
R
dns
RW
dnsstatus
IpAddress
disable (default)
User Defined
RW
dnspridnsipaddr
IpAddress
User Defined
RW
dnssecdnsipaddr
Integer32
User Defined (up to
254 characters)
RW
dnsdomainname
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-69
Parameter Tables
DHCP Server Parameters
Name
DHCP Server
DHCP Server
Status
Gateway IP
Address
Primary DNS IP
Address
Secondary DNS IP
Address
Number of IP Pool
Table Entries
Type
Group
Integer
IpAddress
Access CLI Parameter
Values
N/A
R
dhcp
RW
dhcpstatus
enable (1) (default)
disable (2)
delete (3)
User Defined
RW
dhcpgw
IpAddress
User Defined
RW
dhcppridnsipaddr
IpAddress
User Defined
RW
dhcpsecdnsipaddr
Integer32
N/A
R
dhcpippooltblent
NOTE:
The DHCP Server (dhcpstatus) can only be enabled after a DHCP
IP Pool table entry has been created.
DHCP Server table for IP pools
Name
Type
DHCP Server IP
Table
Address Pool Table
Table Index
Integer
Start IP Address
IpAddress
End IP Address
IpAddress
Width
Integer
A-70
Access CLI Parameter
R
dhcpippooltbl
Values
N/A
User Defined
User Defined
User Defined
User Defined
N/A
RW
RW
RW
index
startipaddr
endipaddr
width
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Default Lease Time
(optional)
Integer32
>0
RW
defleasetm
Maximum Lease
Time (optional)
Integer32
86400 sec
(default)
>0
RW
maxleasetm
Comment (optional)
Status (optional)
DisplayString
Integer
86400 sec
(default)
User Defined
enable (1)
RW
RW
cmt
status
disable (2)
delete (3)
NOTE:
Set either End IP Address or Width (but not both) when creating an
IP address pool.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-71
Parameter Tables
Link Integrity Parameters
Name
Link Integrity
Link Integrity
Status
Type
Group
Integer
Link Integrity Poll
Interval
Integer
Link Integrity Poll
Retransmissions
Integer
Access CLI Parameter
R
linkint
RW
linkintstatus
Values
N/A
enable
disable (default)
500 - 15000 ms
(in increments of
500ms)
500 ms (default)
0 - 255
RW
linkintpollint
RW
linkintpollretx
5 (default)
Link Integrity IP Target Table
Name
Link Integrity IP
Target Table
Table Index
Target IP Address
Comment
(optional)
Status (optional)
Type
Table
Integer
IpAddress
DisplayString
Integer
Access CLI Parameter
R
linkinttbl
Values
N/A
1-5
User Defined
User Defined (up to
254 characters)
enable
N/A
RW
RW
index
ipaddr
cmt
RW
status
disable (default)
delete
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Interface Parameters
Wireless Interface Parameters
The wireless interface group parameter is wif. For Single-radio APs, the
wireless interface uses table index 3. For Dual-radio APs, Slot A uses
table index 3 and Slot B uses table index 4.
Common Parameters to 802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11b/g APs
Name
Wireless Interfaces
Table Index
Type
Group
Integer
Network Name
DisplayString
Auto Channel Select
(ACS)1
Integer
DTIM Period
Integer
RTS/CTS Medium
Reservation
MAC Address
Closed System
Integer
Supported Frequency
Channels
PhyAddress
Integer
Octet String
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Values
N/A
3 or 4 (Dual-radio
APs)
1 – 32 characters
My Wireless
Network (default)
enable (default)
disable
1 – 255
1 = default
0 – 2347
Default is 2347 (off)
12 hex digits
enable
disable (default)
Depends on
Regulatory Domain
Access CLI Parameter
R
wif
R
index
RW
netname
RW
autochannel
RW
dtimperiod
RW
medres
R
RW
macaddr
closedsys
R
suppchannels
A-73
Parameter Tables
Note 1: For 802.11a APs in Europe, Auto Channel Select is a read-only
parameter; it is always enabled.
802.11a Only Parameters
Name
Type
Operating Frequency Integer
Channel
Supported Data
Rates
Transmit Rate
Integer32
Physical Layer Type
Integer
A-74
Octet String
Access CLI Parameter
Values
RW
channel
Varies by
regulatory domain
and country. See
802.11a Channel
Frequencies
See Transmit Rate,
R
suppdatarates
below
RW
txrate
0 - Auto Fallback
(default)
6 Mbits/sec
9 Mbits/sec
12 Mbits/sec
18 Mbits/sec
24 Mbits/sec
36 Mbits/sec
48 Mbits/sec
54 Mbits/sec
R
phytype
ofdm (orthogonal
frequency division
multiplexing) for
802.11a
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
802.11b Only Parameters
Name
Distance between
APs
Type
Integer
Values
large (default)
Access CLI Parameter
RW
distaps
medium
small
minicell
Interference
Robustness
Integer
Operating Frequency
Channel
Integer
Multicast Rate
Integer
microcell
enable (default)
disable
1 - 14; available
channels vary by
regulatory
domain/country;
see 802.11b
Channel
Frequencies
1 Mbits/sec (1)
RW
interrobust
RW
channel
RW
multrate
2 Mbits/sec (2)
(default)
5.5 Mbits/sec (3)
Closed Wireless
System
Integer
11 Mbits/sec (4)
enable
RW
closedsys
Load Balancing
Integer
disable (default)
enable (default)
RW
ldbalance
disable
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-75
Parameter Tables
Name
Medium Distribution
MAC Address
Supported Data
Rates
Type
Integer
PhyAddress
Octet String
Values
enable (default)
disable
12 hex digits
1 Mbits/sec
Access CLI Parameter
RW
meddendistrib
R
R
macaddr
suppdatarates
2 Mbits/sec
5.5 Mbits/sec
Transmit Rate
Integer32
11 Mbits/sec
0 (auto fallback default)
RW
txrate
1 Mbits/sec
2 Mbits/sec
5.5 Mbits/sec
Supported Frequency
Channels
Physical Layer Type
Octet String
Regulatory Domain
List
DisplayString
Integer
11 Mbits/sec
Depends on
Regulatory Domain
dsss (direct
sequence spread
spectrum) for
802.11b
U.S./Canada -FCC
R
suppchannels
R
phytype
R
regdomain
Europe -- ETSI
Japan -- MKK
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
NOTE:
There is an inter-dependent relationship between the Distance
between APs and the Multicast Rate. In general, larger systems
operate a lower average transmit rates.
Distance
between
APs
Multicast Rate
Large
1 and 2
Mbits/sec
Medium
1, 2, and 5.5
Mbits/sec
Small
1, 2, 5.5 and 11
Mbits/sec
Minicell
1, 2, 5.5 and 11
Mbits/sec
Microcell
1, 2, 5.5 and 11
Mbits/sec
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
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Parameter Tables
802.11b/g Only Parameters
Name
Type
Wireless Operational Integer
Mode
Values
dot11b-only
Access CLI Parameter
RW
mode
dot11g-only
dot11bg (default)
Operating Frequency
Channel
Integer
Supported Data
Rates
Octet String
A-78
dot11g-wifi
1 - 14; available
channels vary by
regulatory
domain/country;
see 802.11g
Channel
Frequencies
See Transmit Rate,
next.
RW
R
channel
suppdatarates
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Name
Transmit Rate
Type
Integer32
Values
For 802.11b-only
mode:
Access CLI Parameter
RW
txrate
0 (auto fallback default)
1 Mbits/sec
2 Mbits/sec
5.5 Mbits/sec
11 Mbits/sec
For 802.11g-only
mode:
0 (auto fallback default)
6 Mbits/sec
9 Mbits/sec
12 Mbits/sec
18 Mbits/sec
24 Mbits/sec
36 Mbits/sec
48 Mbits/sec
54 Mbits/sec
36 Mbits/sec
48 Mbits/sec
54 Mbits/sec
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
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Parameter Tables
Name
Transmit Rate
(continued)
Type
Integer32
Values
For 802.11g-wifi
and 802.11bg
modes:
Access CLI Parameter
RW
txrate
0 (auto fallback default)
1 Mbits/sec
2 Mbits/sec
5.5 Mbits/sec
11 Mbits/sec
6 Mbits/sec
9 Mbits/sec
12 Mbits/sec
18 Mbits/sec
24 Mbits/sec
Physical Layer Type
A-80
Integer
ERP (Extended
Rate Protocol)
R
phytype
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Wireless Distribution System (WDS) Parameters (802.11b Only)
NOTE:
At this time, WDS is not available for an 802.11a or 802.11b/g AP.
Name
WDS Table
Port Index
Status
Partner MAC
Address
Type
Table
Integer
Integer
PhysAddress
Access CLI Parameter
Values
N/A
R
wdstbl
3.1 - 3.6 (Wireless)
R
portindex
enable, disable
RW
status
User Defined
RW
partnermacaddr
Ethernet Interface Parameters
Name
Ethernet Interface
Speed
Type
Group
Integer
Values
N/A
10halfduplex
Access CLI Parameter
R
ethernet
RW
etherspeed
10fullduplex
10autoduplex
100halfduplex
100fullduplex
autohalfduplex
MAC Address
PhyAddress
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
autoautoduplex
(default)
N/A
R
ethermacaddr
A-81
Parameter Tables
Management Parameters
SNMP Parameters
Name
SNMP
SNMP
Management
Interface Bitmask
Type
Group
Interface
Bitmask
Access CLI Parameter
Values
N/A
R
snmp
RW
snmpifbitmask
0 or 2 - no
interfaces (disable)
1 or 3 - Ethernet
4 or 6 - Wireless A
8 or 10 - Wireless
B
12 = Wireless A &
B
13 or 15 - all
interfaces (default
is 15)
Read Password
Read/Write
Password
A-82
DisplayString
User Defined
W
snmprpasswd
DisplayString
public (default)
max 63 characters
User Defined
W
snmprwpasswd
public (default)
max 63 characters
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
HTTP (web browser) Parameters
Name
HTTP
HTTP
Management
Interface Bitmask
Type
Group
Interface
Bitmask
Access CLI Parameter
Values
N/A
R
http
RW
httpifbitmask
0 or 2 - no
interfaces (disable)
1 or 3 - Ethernet
4 or 6 - Wireless A
8 or 10 - Wireless
B
12 = Wireless A &
B
13 or 15 - all
interfaces (default
is 15)
HTTP Password
DisplayString
Integer
User Defined
max 64 characters
User Defined
HTTP Port
Help Link
W
httppasswd
RW
httpport
DisplayString
Default = 80
User Defined
RW
httphelplink
NOTE:
The default path for the Help files is C:/Program Files/Avaya_
Wireless/AP/HTML/index.htm. (Use the forward slash character
("/") rather than the backslash character ("\") when configuring the
Help Link location.) The AP Help information is available in English,
French, German, Italian, Spanish, and Japanese.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-83
Parameter Tables
Telnet Parameters
Name
Telnet
Telnet
Management
Interface Bitmask
Type
Group
Interface
Bitmask
Access CLI Parameter
Values
N/A
R
telnet
RW
telifbitmask
0 or 2 - no
interfaces (disable)
1 or 3 - Ethernet
4 or 6 - Wireless A
8 or 10 - Wireless
B
12 = Wireless A &
B
13 or 15 - all
interfaces (default
is 15)
Telnet Port
Integer
User Defined
RW
telport
Telnet Login
Inactivity Time-out
Integer
23 (default)
1 – 300 seconds
RW
tellogintout
Telnet Session Idle
Time-out
Integer
30 sec (default)
1 - 900 seconds
RW
telsessiontout
A-84
900 sec (default)
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Serial Port Parameters
Name
Serial
Baud Rate
Type
Group
Integer
Values
N/A
2400, 4800,
Access CLI Parameter
R
serial
RW
serbaudrate
9600 (default),
Data Bits
Parity
Stop Bits
Flow Control
Integer
Integer
Integer
Value
19200, 38400,
57600
8
none
1
none (default)
R
R
R
RW
serdatabits
serparity
serstopbits
serflowctrl
xonxoff
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-85
Parameter Tables
TFTP Server Parameters
These parameters relate to upload and download commands.
When a user executes an upload and/or download Command, the
specified arguments are stored in TFTP parameters for future use. If
nothing is specified in the command line when issuing subsequent upload
and/or download commands, the stored arguments are used.
Name
TFTP
TFTP Server IP
Address
TFTP File Name
TFTP File Type
Type
Group
IpAddress
DisplayString
Integer
Access CLI Parameter
R
tftp
RW
tftpipaddr
Values
N/A
User Defined
User Defined
img
RW
RW
tftpfilename
tftpfiletype
config
bootloader
A-86
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
IP Access Table Parameters
When creating table entries, you may either specify the argument name
followed by argument value or simply entering the argument value. When
only the argument value is specified, then enter the values in the order
depicted by the following table. CLI applies default values to the omitted
arguments. Due to the nature of the information, the only argument that
can be omitted is the “comment” argument.
Name
IP Access Table
Table Index
IP Address
IP Mask
Comment
(optional)
Status (optional)
Type
Table
Integer
IpAddress
IpAddress
DisplayString
Integer
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Values
N/A
User Defined
User Defined
User Defined
User Defined
enable (default)
disable
delete
Access CLI Parameter
R
mgmtipaccesstbl
N/A
index
RW
ipaddr
RW
ipmask
RW
cmt
RW
status
A-87
Parameter Tables
Filtering Parameters
Ethernet Protocol Filtering Parameters
Name
Ethernet Filtering
Filtering Interface
Bitmask
Type
Group
Interface
Bitmask
Access CLI Parameter
Values
N/A
R
etherflt
0 or 2 - no interfaces
RW
etherfltifbitmask
(disable)
1 or 3 - Ethernet
4 or 6 - Wireless A
8 or 10 - Wireless B
12 = Wireless A & B
13 or 15 - all
interfaces (default is
15)
Operation Type
passthru
RW
etherfltoptype
block
A-88
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Ethernet Filtering Table
Identify the different filters by using the table index.
Name
Ethernet Filtering
Table
Table Index
Protocol Number
Protocol Name
(optional)
Status (optional)
Type
Table
Values
N/A
Access CLI Parameter
R
etherflttbl
N/A
Octet String
DisplayString
N/A
N/A
R
RW
RW
index
protonumber
protoname
Integer
enable (1)
RW
status
disable (2)
delete (3)
NOTE:
The filter Operation Type (passthru or block) applies only to the
protocol filters that are enabled in this table.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-89
Parameter Tables
Static MAC Address Filter Table
Name
Static MAC
Address Filter
Table
Table Index
Static MAC
Address on Wired
Network
Static MAC
Address Mask on
Wired Network
Static MAC
Address on
Wireless Network
Static MAC
Address Mask on
Wireless Network
Comment
(optional)
Status (optional)
Type
Table
Access CLI Parameter
R
staticmactbl
Values
N/A
N/A
PhysAddress
N/A
User Defined
R
RW
index
wiredmacaddr
PhysAddress
User Defined
RW
wiredmask
PhysAddress
User Defined
RW
wirelessmacaddr
PhysAddress
User Defined
RW
wirelessmask
DisplayString
max 255
characters
enable (default)
RW
cmt
RW
status
Integer
disable
delete
A-90
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Proxy ARP Parameters
Name
Proxy ARP
Status
Type
Group
Integer
Values
N/A
enable
Access CLI Parameter
R
parp
RW
parpstatus
disable (default)
IP ARP Filtering Parameters
Name
IP ARP Filtering
Status
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Type
Group
Integer
IpAddress
IpAddress
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Values
N/A
enable
disable (default)
User Defined
User Defined
Access CLI Parameter
R
iparp
RW
iparpfltstatus
RW
RW
iparpfltipaddr
iparpfltsubmask
A-91
Parameter Tables
Broadcast Filtering Table
Name
Type
Broadcast Filtering Table
Table
Index
Integer
Protocol Name
Direction
DisplayString
Integer
Access CLI Parameter
R
broadcastflttbl
Values
N/A
1-5
N/A
index
N/A
ethertowireless
R
RW
protoname
direction
RW
status
wirelesstoether
Status
Integer
both (default)
enable
disable (default)
A-92
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
TCP/UDP Port Filtering
The following parameters are used to enable/disable the Port filter
feature.
Name
Port Filtering
Port Filter Status
Type
Group
Integer
Values
N/A
enable (default)
Access CLI
R
portflt
RW
portfltstatus
disable
TCP/UDP Port Filtering Table
The following parameters are used to configure TCP/UDP Port filters.
Name
Type
Port Filtering Table Table
Table Index
N/A
Port Type
Octet String
Values
N/A
User Defined
(there are also 4
pre-defined
indices, see Port
Number in this
table for more
information)
tcp
Access CLI
R
portflttbl
R
index
RW
porttype
udp
tcp/udp
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-93
Parameter Tables
Port Number
Octet String
User Defined
RW
portnum
RW
protoname
(there are also 4
pre-defined
protocols:
Protocol Name
DisplayString
Index 1: NetBios
Name Service –
137, Index 2:
NetBios Datagram
Service – 138,
Index 3: NetBios
Session Service –
139, Index 4:
SNMP Service –
161)
User Defined
(there are also 4
pre-defined
protocols, see Port
Number above)
A-94
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Interface Bitmask
Integer32
0 or 2 - no
interfaces (disable)
RW
ifbitmask
RW
status
1 or 3 - Ethernet
4 or 6 - Wireless A
8 or 10 - Wireless
B
12 = Wireless A &
B
13 or 15 - all
interfaces (default
is 15)
Status (optional)
Integer
enable (default for
new entries)
disable (default for
pre-defined
entries)
delete
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-95
Parameter Tables
Alarms Parameters
SNMP Table Host Table Parameters
When creating table entries, you may either specifying the argument
name followed by argument value. CLI applies default values to the
omitted arguments. Due to the nature of the information, the only
argument that can be omitted is the “comment” argument.
Name
SNMP Trap Host
Table
Table Index
IP Address
Password
Comment
(optional)
Status (optional)
Type
Table
Integer
IpAddress
DisplayString
DisplayString
Integer
Access CLI Parameter
R
snmptraphosttbl
Values
N/A
User Defined
User Defined
User Defined (up to
64 characters)
User Defined (up to
254 characters)
enable (default)
N/A
RW
W
index
ipaddr
passwd
RW
cmt
RW
status
disable
delete
A-96
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Syslog Parameters
The following parameters configure the Syslog settings.
Name
Syslog
Syslog Status
Syslog Port
Syslog Lowest
Priority Logged
Type
Group
Integer
Octet String
Integer
Values
N/A
enable
disable (default)
514
1–7
Access CLI
R
syslog
RW
syslogstatus
R
RW
syslogport
syslogpritolog
RW
sysloghbstatus
RW
sysloghbinterval
1 = LOG_ALERT
2 = LOG_CRIT
3 = LOG_ERR
4 = LOG_
WARNING
5 = LOG_NOTICE
6 = LOG_INFO
(default)
Heartbeat Status
Heartbeat Interval
(seconds)
Integer
Integer
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
7 = LOG_DEBUG
enable (1)
disable (2)
(default)
1 – 604800
seconds;
900 sec. (default)
A-97
Parameter Tables
NOTE:
The Heartbeat parameters are advanced settings not available via
the HTTP interface. When Heartbeat is enabled, the AP periodically
sends a message to the Syslog server to indicate that it is active.
The frequency with which the heartbeat message is sent depends
upon the setting of the Heartbeat Interval.
Syslog Host Table
The table described below configures the Syslog hosts that will receive
message from the AP. You can configure up to ten Syslog hosts.
Name
Syslog Host Table
Table Index
IP Address
Comment (optional)
Status (optional)
A-98
Type
Table
Integer
IpAddress
DisplayString
Integer
Values
N/A
1 – 10
User Defined
User Defined
enable
disable
delete
Access CLI Parameter
R
sysloghosttbl
N/A
index
RW
ipaddr
RW
cmt
RW
status
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Bridge Parameters
Spanning Tree Parameters
Name
Spanning Tree
Spanning Tree
Status
Type
Group
Integer
Bridge Priority
Integer
Maximum Age
Integer
Hello Time
Integer
Forward Delay
Integer
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Values
N/A
enable
disable (default)
0 – 65535
32768 (default)
600 – 4000
(in 0.01 sec
intervals; i.e., 6 to
40 seconds)
2000 (default)
100 – 1000
(in 0.01 sec
intervals; i.e., 1 to
10 seconds)
200 (default)
400 – 3000
(in 0.01 sec
intervals; i.e., 4 to
30 seconds)
1500 (default)
Access CLI Parameter
R
stp
RW
stpstatus
RW
stppriority
RW
stpmaxage
RW
stphellotime
RW
stpfwddelay
A-99
Parameter Tables
Spanning Tree Priority and Path Cost Table
Name
Spanning Tree
Table
Table Index (Port)
Priority
Type
Table
N/A
Integer
Path Cost
Integer
State
Integer
Values
N/A
1 – 15
0 – 255
128 (default)
1 – 65535
100 (default)
disable
Access CLI Parameter
R
stpbl
R
RW
index
priority
RW
pathcost
R
state
RW
status
blocking
listening
learning
forwarding
Status
Integer
broken
enable
disable
A-100
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Storm Threshold Parameters
Name
Storm Threshold
Broadcast
Threshold
Type
Group
Integer
Multicast Threshold Integer
Values
N/A
0 – 255
packets/sec
(default is 0)
0 – 255
packets/sec
(default is 0)
Access CLI Parameter
N/A
stmthres
RW
stmbrdthres
Values
N/A
Access CLI Parameter
R
stmthrestbl
RW
stmmultithres
Storm Threshold Table
Name
Storm Threshold
Table
Table Index
Broadcast
Threshold
Type
Table
Integer
Integer
Multicast Threshold Integer
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
1 = Ethernet
3 = Wireless
0 – 255
packets/sec
(default is 0)
0 – 255
packets/sec
(default is 0)
R
index
RW
bcast
RW
mcast
A-101
Parameter Tables
Intra BSS Subscriber Blocking
The following parameters control the Intra BSS traffic feature, which
prevent wireless clients that are associated with the same AP from
communicating with each other:
Name
Intra BSS Traffic
Intra BSS Traffic
Operation
Type
Group
Integer
Values
N/A
passthru (default)
block
Access CLI
R
intrabss
RW
intrabssoptype
Packet Forwarding Parameters
The following parameters control the Packet Forwarding feature, which
redirects wireless traffic to a specific MAC address:
Name
Type
Packet Forwarding Group
MAC Address
Packet Forwarding MacAddress
MAC Address
Packet Forwarding Integer
Status
A-102
Access CLI
R
pktfwd
Values
N/A
User Defined
RW
pktfwdmacaddr
enable
RW
pktfwdstatus
disable (default)
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Packet Forwarding
Interface Port
Integer
0 (any) (default)
RW
pktfwdif
1 (Ethernet)
2 (WDS 1)
3 (WDS 2)
4 (WDS 3)
5 (WDS 4)
6 (WDS 5)
7 (WDS 6)
NOTE:
The Wireless Distribution System (WDS) feature is not available for
802.11a or 802.11b/g APs at this time.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-103
Parameter Tables
Security Parameters
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: WPA is available for APs with an 11a Upgrade
Kit or 802.11b/g Kit. WPA is NOT available for APs with an 802.11b
PC Card or a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit.
Name
Type
Values
Access
CLI Parameter
Security
Table
N/A
R
secconfigtbl
Index
Integer
3 (Single-radio
APs)
R
index
RW
authmode
RW
rekeyint
RW
enckeylen
3 or 4 (Dual-radio
APs)
Authentication
Mode
Integer
none (default)
802.1x
mixed
wpa
wpa-psk
Re-keying
Interval
Integer
60 – 65535
seconds
default is 900 sec
Encryption Key
Length
A-104
Integer
64bits
128bits
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Pre-Shared Key Configuration Table (WPA-PSK Mode)
Name
WPA-PSK
Pre-Shared Key
Table
Index
Pre-Shared Key1
PSK Pass Phrase1
Type
Table
Integer
DisplayString
DisplayString
Values
N/A
3 (Slot A) or 4 (Slot
B)
64 hex digits
8 to 64 characters2
Access CLI Parameter
R
wpaconfigtbl
N/A
index
WO
WO
pskey
passphrase
Note 1: Configure either the Pre-Shared Key or the PSK Pass Phrase
(but not both) to create a pre-shared key for WPA-PSK mode. Setting
Pre-Shared Key will override a previous PSK Pass Phrase setting.
Similarly, setting PSK Pass Phrase will override a previous Pre-Shared
Key setting.
Note 2: Avaya recommends using a PSK Pass Phrase of at least 13
characters to ensure that the generated key cannot be easily deciphered
by network infiltrators.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-105
Parameter Tables
Wireless Interface Security Parameters
The following table details the WEP encryption parameters for the AP.
Name
Wireless Interface
Security
Encryption Status
Index
Encryption Key 1
Encryption Key 2
Encryption Key 3
Encryption Key 4
Data Transmission
Encryption Key
Type
Group
Integer
Integer
DisplayString
DisplayString
DisplayString
DisplayString
Integer
Access CLI Parameter
R
wifsec
Values
enable, disable
(default)
3 (Single-radio
APs)
3 or 4 (Dual-radio
APs)
User Defined
User Defined
User Defined
User Defined
key1 (default),
key2, key3, key4
RW
R
W
W
W
W
RW
encryptstatus
index
encryptkey1
encryptkey2
encryptkey3
encryptkey4
encryptkeytx
NOTE:
See WEP Encryption for information on the supported WEP Key
lengths.
A-106
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Security Encryption Key Length Table
The following table details how to set the Encryption Key Length for the
wireless interfaces.
Name
Security
Encryption Key
Length Table
Index
Encryption Key
Length
Type
Table
Integer
Integer
Values
N/A
3 (Single-radio
APs)
3 or 4 (Dual-radio
APs)
64bits
Access CLI Parameter
R
secenckeylentbl
N/A
index
RW
enckeylen
128bits
MAC Access Control Parameter
Name
MAC Address
Control
Status
Operation Type
Type
Group
Integer
Integer
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Values
N/A
enable
disable (default)
passthru (default)
block
Access CLI Parameter
R
macacl
RW
macaclstatus
RW
macacloptype
A-107
Parameter Tables
MAC Access Control Table
Name
MAC Address
Control Table
Table Index
MAC Address
Comment
(optional)
Status (optional)
Type
Table
N/A
PhysAddress
DisplayString
Integer
Access CLI Parameter
R
macacltbl
Values
N/A
N/A
User Defined
User Defined
max 254
characters
enable (default)
R
RW
RW
index
macaddr
cmt
RW
status
disable
delete
RADIUS Parameters
Primary and Backup RADIUS Server Table Parameters
Avaya Wireless devices that use RADIUS authentication and/or
accounting support both primary and backup RADIUS servers. The
configuration parameters and statistics are the same for both primary and
backup servers. The CLI differentiates the primary and backup RADIUS
parameters by using the table index.
A-108
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
General RADIUS Parameters
Name
RADIUS
MAC Access
Control Status
Type
Group
Integer
Values
N/A
enable
Access CLI Parameter
R
radius
R
radmacacctrl
Authorization
Lifetime
Integer32
disable (default)
900 – 43200
seconds
RW
radauthlifetm
MAC Address
Format
Integer
900 sec. (default)
dashdelimited
(default)
RW
radmacaddrformat
RW
radaccstatus
RW
radaccinactivetmr
colondelimited
singledashdelimite
d
RADIUS
Accounting Status
Integer
Accounting
Inactivity Timer
Integer32
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
no delimiter
enable
disable (default)
0 – 2147483647
minutes; default is
5 min.
A-109
Parameter Tables
RADIUS Authentication
NOTE:
Use a server name only if you have enabled the DNS Client
functionality. See DNS Client for RADIUS Name Resolution.
Name
Type
RADIUS
Table
Authentication
Primary RADIUS
Integer
Backup RADIUS
Integer
RADIUS Server
Integer
Status
Server Addressing Integer
Format (see note)
Server IP Address
or Name
IpAddress
Port (optional)
Integer
Shared Secret
DisplayString
Response Time
(sec)
Integer
A-110
DisplayString
Access CLI Parameter
R
radiustbl
Values
N/A
1
2
enable
disable (default)
ipaddr (default)
R
R
RW
index
index
status
RW
seraddrfmt
name
User Defined
RW
ipaddr
(enter an IP
address if
seraddrfmt is
ipaddr or a name if
set to name; up to
254 characters if
using a name)
User Defined
RW
port
1812 (default)
User Defined
max 63 characters
1 – 4 seconds
W
RW
ssecret
responsetm
3 sec (default)
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
Maximum
Retransmissions
(optional)
Integer
1 – 10
RW
maxretx
3 (default)
RADIUS Accounting
NOTE:
Use a server name only if you have enabled the DNS Client
functionality. See DNS Client for RADIUS Name Resolution.
Name
Type
RADIUS
Table
Accounting
Primary RADIUS
Integer
Backup RADIUS
Integer
RADIUS Server
Integer
Status
Server Addressing Integer
Format (see note)
Server IP Address
or Name
IpAddress
Port (optional)
Integer
Display String
Values
N/A
Access CLI Parameter
R
radacctbl
1
2
enable
disable (default)
ipaddr (default)
R
R
RW
index
index
status
RW
seraddrfmt
name
User Defined
RW
ipaddr
(enter an IP
address if
seraddrfmt is
ipaddr or a name if
set to name; up to
254 characters if
using a name)
User Defined
RW
port
1813 (default)
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-111
Parameter Tables
Name
Shared Secret
Type
DisplayString
Response Time
(sec)
Integer
Maximum
Retransmissions
(optional)
Integer
Access CLI Parameter
Values
User Defined
W
ssecret
max 63 characters
1 – 4 seconds
RW
responsetm
3 sec (default)
1 – 10
RW
maxretx
3 (default)
VLAN/SSID Parameters
NOTE:
For Dual-radio APs: APs with an 11a Upgrade Kit or 802.11b/g Kit
support up to 16 VLAN/SSID pairs. APs with an 802.11b PC Card or
a 5 GHz Upgrade Kit support only one VLAN/SSID per radio.
VLAN
Status
Name
Type
Group
Integer
N/A
enable
Values
Access
R
RW
CLI Parameter
vlan
vlanstatus
Management ID
VlanId
disable (default)
-1 (untagged)
RW
vlanmgmtid
or 1-4094
A-112
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
VLAN ID Table
Name
VLAN ID Table
Index1
Type
Table
Integer32
Identifier (ID)
VlanId
Network Name
(SSID)
Status
DisplayString
Integer
Values
N/A
3.1 - 3.16 (Wireless
A);
4.1 - 4.16 (Wireless
B; Dual-radio APs
only)
-1 or 0 (both
correspond to
untagged)
or 1-4094
1-32 characters
enable (default when
new entry created)
Access
R
R
CLI Parameter
vlanidtbl
index
RW
id
RW
ssid
RW
status
disable
delete
NOTE:
When adding a new entry to the table, you must specify the index
instance you want to configure, such as 3.5; the 0 index value is not
applicable to this table and does not create a new entry.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
A-113
Parameter Tables
Other Parameters
IAPP Parameters
Name
IAPP
IAPP Status
Periodic Announce
Interval (seconds)
Type
Group
Integer
Integer
Values
N/A
enable (default)
disable
80
Access CLI Parameter
R
iapp
RW
iappstatus
RW
iappannint
120 (default)
160
Announce
Integer
Response Time
Handover Time-out Integer
Max. Handover
Integer
Retransmissions
Send Announce
Integer
Request on Startup
200
2 seconds
410 ms
512 ms (default)
614 ms
717 ms
819 ms
1 - 4 (default 4)
enable (default)
disable
R
iappannresp
RW
iapphandtout
RW
iapphandretx
RW
iappannreqstart
NOTE:
These parameters configure the Inter Access Point Protocol (IAPP)
for roaming. Leave these settings at their default value unless a
technical representative asks you to change them.
A-114
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Parameter Tables
SpectraLink VoIP Parameters (802.11b Only)
Name
Spectralink VoIP
Spectralink VoIP
Status
Type
Group
Integer
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Values
N/A
enable
disable (default)
Access CLI Parameter
R
spectralink
RW
speclinkstatus
A-115
B
ASCII Character Chart
Description
You can configure WEP Encryption Keys in either Hexadecimal or ASCII
format. Hexadecimal digits are 0-9 and A-F (not case sensitive). ASCII
characters are 0-9, A-F, a-f (case sensitive), and punctuation marks. Each
ASCII character corresponds to two hexadecimal digits.
The table below lists the ASCII characters that you can use to configure
WEP Encryption Keys. It also lists the Hexadecimal equivalent for each
ASCII character.
ASCII
Character
Hex
Equivalent
ASCII
Character
Hex
Equivalent
ASCII
Character
Hex
Equivalent
ASCII
Character
Hex
Equivalent
!
21
9
39
Q
51
i
69
"
22
:
3A
R
52
j
6A
#
23
;
3B
S
53
k
6B
$
24
<
3C
T
54
l
6C
%
25
=
3D
U
55
m
6D
&
26
>
3E
V
56
n
6E
'
27
?
3F
W
57
o
6F
(
28
@
40
X
58
p
70
)
29
A
41
Y
59
q
71
*
2A
B
42
Z
5A
r
72
+
2B
C
43
[
5B
s
73
,
2C
D
44
\
5C
t
74
-
2D
E
45
]
5D
u
75
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
B-1
Description
ASCII
Character
Hex
Equivalent
B-2
ASCII
Character
Hex
Equivalent
ASCII
Character
Hex
Equivalent
ASCII
Character
Hex
Equivalent
.
2E
F
46
^
5E
v
76
/
2F
G
47
_
5F
w
77
0
30
H
48
`
60
x
78
1
31
I
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Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Specifications
C
In This Appendix
• Software Features
• Hardware Specifications
• Radio Specifications
Software Features
The tables below compare the software features available depending on
the card type in the Access Point:
• Number of Stations per BSS
• Management Functions
• Advanced Bridging Functions
• Medium Access Control (MAC) Functions
• Security Functions
• Network Functions
• Advanced Wireless Functions
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-1
Software Features
Number of Stations per BSS
Feature
AP-3
802.11b
card
AP-3
5GHz Kit
AP-3
11a Kit
AP-3
802.11b/g
card
Without
encryption
up to 250
up to 250
up to 250
up to 250
With WEP
encryption
up to 250
up to 60
up to 120
up to 120
With 802.1x
Authentication
up to 50
up to 44
up to 88
up to 88
With WPA
N/A
N/A
up to 27
up to 27
Management Functions
Feature
Web User Interface
Telnet / CLI
SNMP Agent
TFTP
C-2
802.11b
yes
yes
yes
yes
802.11a
yes
yes
yes
yes
802.11b/g
yes
yes
yes
yes
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Software Features
Advanced Bridging Functions
Feature
IEEE 802.1d Bridging
WDS Relay
Roaming
Protocol Filtering
Multicast/Broadcast Storm
Filtering
Proxy ARP
TCP/UDP Port Filtering
Blocking Intra BSS Clients
Packet Forwarding
802.11b
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
802.11a
yes
—
yes
yes
yes
802.11b/g
yes
—
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
Medium Access Control (MAC) Functions
Feature
Automatic Channel Selection
(ACS)
Dynamic Frequency Selection
802.11b
yes
802.11a
yes
802.11b/g
yes
N/A
yes
N/A
yes
yes
yes
(DFS) 1
Closed System Feature
Note 1: A user cannot manually select a channel for products sold in Europe; these products
require automatic channel selection using Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS).
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-3
Software Features
Security Functions
Feature
802.11b
IEEE 802.11 WEP 1
yes
MAC Access Control
yes
RADIUS MAC-based Access Control
yes
IEEE 802.1x Authentication 2
yes
Per User Per Session (PUPS)
—
Encryption 3
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
—
802.11a
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
802.11b/g
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
—
yes
Note 1: Key lengths supported by 802.11a: 64-bit, 128-bit, and 152-bit.
Key lengths supported by 802.11b: 64-bit and 128-bit.
Key lengths supported by 802.11b/g: 64-bit, 128-bit, and 152-bit.
Note 2: EAP-MD5, EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS, and PEAP client supplicant supported.
Note 3: Use in conjunction with WPA or 802.1x Authentication.
C-4
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Software Features
Network Functions
Feature
DHCP Client
DHCP Server
Inter Access Point
Protocol (IAPP)
Link Integrity
System Logging
(Syslog)
RADIUS Accounting
Support 1
DNS Client
TCP/IP Protocol
Support
Virtual LAN Support
802.11b
yes
yes
yes
802.11a
yes
yes
yes
802.11b/g
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
One VLAN ID
per wireless
interface
11a Upgrade
Kit: Up to 16
VLAN IDs per
wireless
interface
Up to 16
VLAN IDs per
wireless
interface
5 GHz
Upgrade Kit:
One VLAN ID
per wireless
Interface
Note 1: Includes Fallback to Primary RADIUS Server, RADIUS Session Timeout, RADIUS Multiple MAC
Address Formats, RADIUS DNS Host Name Support, RADIUS Start/Stop Accounting.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-5
Software Features
Advanced Wireless Functions
Feature
WEP Plus
(Weak Key Avoidance)
Remote Link Test
Link Test Responder
Load Balancing
AP List
Medium Density
Distribution
Distance between APs
Interference Robustness
SpectraLink VoIP
Support
C-6
802.11b
yes
802.11a
—
802.11b/g
—
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
yes
yes
yes
—
—
—
—
—
—
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Hardware Specifications
Hardware Specifications
Physical Specifications
AP-3 Unit
Dimensions (H x W x L) = 6.5 x 18.5 x 26 cm (2.5 x 7.25 x 10.25 in.)
Weight = 1.75 Kg (3.5 lb.)
802.11a Antenna Adapter
Dimensions (H x W x L) = 11.3 x 2.10 x 26.2 cm (4.5 x 0.83 x 10.3in.)
Weight = 0.18kg (0.4lb)
Electrical Specifications
Without Active Ethernet Module
Voltage = 100 to 240 VAC (50-60 Hz)
Current = 0.2 amp
Power Consumption = 20 Watts
With Active Ethernet Module
Input Voltage = 42 to 60 VDC
Output Current = 200mA at 48V
Power Consumption = 9-10 Watts
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-7
Hardware Specifications
Environmental Specifications
AP-3 Unit
Operating = 0° to 40°C (32° to 104 °F) @ 20 to 90% relative humidity
Transport = -40° to 60°C (-40° to 140°F) @ 15 to 95% relative humidity
(no condensation allowed)
Storage = -10° to 60°C (14° to 140°F) @ 10 to 90% relative humidity (no
condensation allowed)
802.11a Antenna Adapter
Operating = 0° to 70°C (32° to 158 °F) @ 20 to 90% relative humidity
Transport = -40° to 75°C (-40° to 167 °F) @ 15 to 95% relative humidity
Storage = -20° to 75°C (-4° to 167 °F) @ 10 to 95% relative humidity
Ethernet Interface
10/100 Base-TX, RJ-45 female socket
Serial Port Interface
Standard RS-232C interface with DB-9, female connector
C-8
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Radio Specifications
Active Ethernet Interface
Category 5, foiled, twisted pair cables must be used to ensure compliance
with FCC Part 15, subpart B,
Class B requirements
Standard 802.3af pin assignments
HTTP Interface
• Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 with Service Pack 1 or later
• Netscape 6.1 or later
Radio Specifications
• 802.11a Channel Frequencies
• 802.11b Channel Frequencies
• 802.11g Channel Frequencies
• Wireless Communication Range
NOTE:
Refer to the Regulatory Flyer included with the AP for the latest
regulatory information.
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-9
Radio Specifications
802.11a Channel Frequencies
The available 802.11a Channels varies by regulatory domain and/or
country. 802.11a radio certification is available in the following regions:
• FCC: U.S., Canada, and Australia
• ETSI: Europe and the United Kingdom
• MKK: Japan
• SG: Singapore
• ASIA: China, Hong Kong, and South Korea
• TW: Taiwan
There are five sets of frequency bands that determine the available
channels depending on the regulatory domain.
Some countries restrict 802.11a operation to specific frequency bands.
The Web interface and CLI display the available channels for a radio's
particular regulatory domain. In the CLI, any channels that are not
available are labeled "Not Supported".
NOTE:
The original 5 GHz Upgrade Kit only supports the Lower and Middle
U-NII bands. The 11a Upgrade Kit supports all of the frequency
bands described below.
C-10
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Radio Specifications
Frequency
Band
Channel
ID
Lower Band
(36 = default)
34
36
Middle Band
(52 = default)
H Band
Upper Band
(149 = default)
ISM Band
FCC
(GHz)
ETSI
(GHz)
MKK
(GHz)
SG
(GHz)
ASIA
(GHz)
TW
(GHz)
—
—
5.170 1
—
—
—
5.180
5.180
—
5.180
—
—
38
—
—
5.190
—
—
—
40
5.200
5.200
—
5.200
—
—
42
—
—
5.210
—
—
—
44
5.220
5.220
—
5.220
—
—
46
—
—
5.230
—
—
—
48
5.240
5.240
—
5.240
—
—
52
5.260
5.260
—
—
—
5.260
56
5.280
5.280
—
—
—
5.280
58
5.300
5.300
—
—
—
5.300
60
5.320
5.320
—
—
—
5.320
100
—
5.500
—
—
—
—
104
—
5.520
—
—
—
—
108
—
5.540
—
—
—
—
112
—
5.560
—
—
—
—
116
—
5.580
—
—
—
—
120
—
5.600
—
—
—
—
124
—
5.620
—
—
—
—
128
—
5.640
—
—
—
—
132
—
5.660
—
—
—
—
136
—
5.680
—
—
—
—
140
—
5.700
—
—
—
—
149
5.745
—
—
5.745
5.745
5.745
153
5.675
—
—
5.675
5.675
5.675
157
5.785
—
—
5.785
5.785
5.785
161
5.805
—
—
5.805
5.805
5.805
165
5.825
—
—
5.825
—
5.825
Note 1: Channel 34 is the default channel for Japan
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-11
Radio Specifications
802.11b Channel Frequencies
The available 802.11b channels vary by regulatory domain and/or
country. 802.11b radio certification is available in the following regions:
• FCC - U.S./Canada, Mexico, and Australia
• ETSI - Most of Europe, including the United Kingdom and some
Eastern block countries
• MKK - Japan
• IL - Israel
Some countries restrict 802.11b operation to specific frequency bands.
The web interface will always display the available channels depending in
the cards regulatory domain. In the CLI, any channels that are not
available are labeled "Not Supported".
C-12
Channel ID
FCC
(GHz)
ETSI
(GHz)
MKK
(GHz)
IL
(GHz)
1
2.412
2.412
2.412
-
2
2.417
2.417
2.417
-
3
2.422
2.422
2.422
-
4
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
5
2.432
2.432
2.432
2.432
6
2.437
2.437
2.437
2.437
7
2.442
2.442
2.442
2.442
8
2.447
2.447
2.447
2.447
9
2.452
2.452
2.452
-
10
2.457
2.4571
2.457
-
11
2.462
2.4621
2.462
-
12
-
2.4671
2.467
-
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Radio Specifications
Channel ID
FCC
(GHz)
ETSI
(GHz)
MKK
(GHz)
IL
(GHz)
13
-
2.4721
2.472
-
14
-
-
2.484
-
Note 1: France is restricted to these four channels.
802.11g Channel Frequencies
The available 802.11g channels vary by regulatory domain and/or
country. 802.11g radio certification is available in the following regions:
• FCC - U.S./Canada, Mexico, and Australia
• ETSI - Europe and the United Kingdom
• ETSI - Europe, including the United Kingdom, China, and South
Korea
• MKK - Japan
• IL - Israel
Some countries restrict 802.11g operation to specific frequency bands.
The web interface will always display the available channels depending in
the cards regulatory domain. In the CLI, any channels that are not
available are labeled "Not Supported".
Channel ID
FCC
(GHz)
ETSI
(GHz)
MKK
(GHz)
IL
(GHz)
1
2.412
2.412
2.412
-
2
2.417
2.417
2.417
-
3
2.422
2.422
2.422
-
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-13
Radio Specifications
Channel ID
FCC
(GHz)
ETSI
(GHz)
MKK
(GHz)
IL
(GHz)
4
2.427
2.427
2.427
2.427
5
2.432
2.432
2.432
2.432
6
2.437
2.437
2.437
2.437
7
2.442
2.442
2.442
2.442
8
2.447
2.447
2.447
2.447
9
2.452
2.452
2.452
-
10
2.457
2.4571
2.457
-
11
2.462
2.4621
2.462
-
12
-
2.4671
2.467
-
13
-
2.4721
2.472
-
14
-
-
2.4842
-
Note 1: France is restricted to these channels.
Note 2: Channel 14 is only available when using 802.11b only mode.
C-14
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Radio Specifications
Wireless Communication Range
The range of the wireless signal is related to the composition of objects in
the radio wave path and the transmit rate of the wireless communication.
Communications at a lower transmit range may travel longer distances.
The range values listed in the Communications Range Chart are typical
distances as calculated by Avaya’s development team for FCC-certified
products. These values provide a rule of thumb and may vary according
to the actual radio conditions at the location where the product is used.
The range of your wireless devices can be affected when the antennas
are placed near metal surfaces and solid high-density materials. Range is
also impacted due to “obstacles” in the signal path of the radio that may
either absorb or reflect the radio signal.
In Open Office environments, antennas can “see” each other (no physical
obstructions between them). In Semi-open Office environments,
workspace is divided by shoulder-height, hollow wall elements; antennas
are at desktop level. In a Closed Office environment, solid walls and other
obstructions may affect signal strength.
The following tables show typical range values for various environments
for FCC-certified products (range may differ for products certified in other
regulatory domains).
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-15
Radio Specifications
802.11b Wireless Communication Ranges
Range
11
Mbits/s
5.5
Mbits/s
2 Mbits/s
1 Mbits/
Open Office
142 m
(466 ft.)
177 m
(581 ft.)
219 m
(718 ft.)
272 m
(892 ft.)
Semi-Open
Office
98 m
(322 ft.)
122 m
(400 ft.)
151 m
(495 ft.)
187 m
(614 ft.)
Closed Office
67 m
(220 ft.)
84 m
(276 ft.)
104 m
(341 ft.)
129 m
(423 ft.)
Tx Power
15
15
15
15
Receiver
Sensitivity
(dBm)
-82
-85
-88
-91
Antenna Gain
C-16
0 dBi (integrated diversity antenna module; 2.4-2.5
GHz)
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Radio Specifications
802.11a (5 GHz Upgrade Kit) Wireless Communication Ranges
Range
54
Mbits/s
48
Mbits/s
36
Mbits/s
24
Mbits/s
18
Mbits/s
12
Mbits/s
9
Mbits/s
6
Mbits/s
Open
Office
19 m
(62 ft.)
33 m
(108 ft.)
55 m
(180 ft.)
74 m
(243 ft.)
92 m
(302 ft.)
106 m
(348 ft.)
122 m
(400 ft.)
131 m
(430 ft.)
Semi-Op
en Office
13 m
(43 ft.)
23 m
(75 ft.)
38 m
(125 ft.)
51 m
(167 ft.)
63 m
(207 ft.)
73 m
(239 ft.)
84 m
(276 ft.)
90 m
(295 ft.)
Closed
Office
9m
(30 ft.)
16 m
(52 ft.)
26 m
(85 ft.)
35 m
(115 ft.)
43 m
(141 ft.)
50 m
(164 ft.)
58 m
(190 ft.)
62 m
(203 ft.)
Tx Power
(dBm)
7
11
14
14
14
14
14
14
Receiver
Sensitivit
y (dBm)
-65
-69
-73
-77
-80
-82
-84
-85
Antenna
Gain
3.5 dBi (integrated diversity antennas; 5.15-5.35 GHz)
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-17
Radio Specifications
802.11a (11a Upgrade Kit) Wireless Communication Ranges
Range
54
Mbits/s
48
Mbits/s
36
Mbits/s
24
Mbits/s
18
Mbits/s
12
Mbits/s
9
Mbits/s
6
Mbits/s
Open
Office
46 m
(151 ft.)
62 m
(203 ft.)
82 m
(269 ft.)
110 m
(361 ft.)
136 m
(446 ft.)
169 m
(554 ft.)
181 m
(594 ft.)
195 m
(640 ft.)
Semi-Open
Office
32 m
(105 ft.)
42 m
(138 ft.)
57 m
(187 ft.)
75 m
(246 ft.)
94 m
(308 ft.)
116 m
(381 ft.)
125 m
(410 ft.)
134 m
(440 ft.)
Closed
Office
22 m
(72 ft.)
29 m
(95 ft.)
39 m
(128 ft.)
52 m
(171 ft.)
64 m
(210 ft.)
80 m
(262 ft.)
86 m
(282 ft.)
92 m
(302 ft.)
Tx Power
(dBm)
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
Receiver
Sensitivity
(dBm)
-69
-73
-77
-81
-84
-87
-88
-89
Antenna
Gain
4 dBi (integrated diversity antennas; 5.15-5.85 GHz)
C-18
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Radio Specifications
802.11b/g Wireless Communication Ranges
Range
54 Mbits/s
48 Mbits/s
36 Mbits/s
24 Mbits/s
18 Mbits/s
12 Mbits/s
Open
Office
56 m
(184 ft.)
69 m
(226 ft.)
107 m
(351 ft.)
164 m
(538 ft.)
219 m
(718 ft.)
272 m
(892 ft.)
Semi-Ope
n Office
38 m
(125 ft.)
48 m
(157 ft.)
73 m
(239 ft.)
113 m
(371 ft.)
151 m
(495 ft.)
187 m
(614 ft.)
Closed
Office
26 m
(85 ft.)
33 m
(108 ft.)
51 m
(167 ft.)
78 m
(256 ft.)
104 m
(341 ft.)
129 m
(423 ft.)
Tx Power
(dBm)
12
13
14
15
15
15
Receiver
Sensitivity
(dBm)
-68
-70
-75
-80
-84
-87
2
Mbits/s
1
Mbits/s
Antenna Gain
3 dBi (integrated diversity antenna module; 2.4-2.5 GHz)
Range
9
Mbits/s
6
Mbits/s
11 Mbits/s
5.5 Mbits/s
Open
Office
292 m
(958 ft.)
314 m
(1030 ft.)
204 m
(669 ft.)
236 m
(774 ft.)
253 m
(830 ft.)
338 m
(1109 ft.)
Semi-Ope
n Office
201 m
(659 ft.)
216 m
(709 ft.)
140 m
(459 ft.)
162 m
(531 ft.)
174 m
(571 ft.)
232 m
(761 ft.)
Closed
Office
138 m
(453 ft.)
149 m
(489 ft.)
97 m
(318 ft.)
111 m
(364 ft.)
120 m
(394 ft.)
160 m
(525 ft.)
Tx Power
(dBm)
15
15
15
15
15
15
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
C-19
Radio Specifications
Receiver
Sensitivity
(dBm)
-88
-89
-83
-85
-86
-90
Antenna Gain
3 dBi (integrated diversity antenna module; 2.4-2.5 GHz)
C-20
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
Technical Support
D
Before You Seek Help
If you are having a problem using an AP and cannot resolve it with the
information in Troubleshooting, gather the following information and
contact your local authorized reseller or visit
http://www.avaya.com/support for contact information:
• List of Avaya Wireless products installed on your network; include the
following:
— Product names and quantity
— Part numbers (P/N)
— Serial numbers (S/N)
• List of Avaya Wireless software versions installed
— For the AP, check the HTTP interface’s Version screen
— Include the source of the software version (e.g., pre-loaded on
unit, installed from CD, downloaded from Avaya Web site, etc.)
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide
D-1
Before You Seek Help
• Information about your network
— Network operating system (e.g., Microsoft Networking);
include version information
— Protocols used by network (e.g., TCP/IP, NetBEUI, IPX/SPX,
AppleTalk)
— Ethernet frame type (e.g., 802.3, Ethernet II), if known
— IP addressing scheme (include address range and whether
static or DHCP)
— Network speed and duplex (10 or 100 Mbits/sec; full or half
duplex)
— Type of Ethernet device that the Access Points are connected
to (e.g., Active Ethernet power injector, hub, switch, etc.)
— Type of Security enabled on the wireless network (None, WEP
Encryption, 802.1x, Mixed)
• A description of the problem you are experiencing
— What were you doing when the error occurred?
— What error message did you see?
— Can you reproduce the problem?
— For each Avaya Wireless product, describe the behavior of the
device’s LEDs when the problem occurs
D-2
Avaya Wireless AP-3 User’s Guide