Avocent CCM1640 Network Card User Manual

CCM4850
For Technical Support:
Email: support@equinox.com
www.equinox.com
Equinox Systems
One Equinox Way
Sunrise, Florida
33351 USA
Tel: 954.746.9000
590-373-001B
Installer/User Guide
LIMITED WARRANTY
INSTRUCTIONS
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of important operating and
maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
Equinox warrants that the Product(s) shall be free from manufacturing defects in materials and workmanship
for a period of five (5) years from the date of delivery provided that the Product was properly installed and used.
Defects, malfunctions or failures of the warranted Product caused by damage resulting from acts of God (such
as floods, fire, etc.), environmental and atmospheric disturbances, other external forces such as power line
disturbances, host computer malfunction, plugging the board in under power, or incorrect cabling and damage
caused by misuse, abuse and unauthorized alteration or repair are not warranted.
DANGEROUS VOLTAGE
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated dangerous voltage within the product’s enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
This warranty is limited to the repair and/or replacement, at Equinox’ option, of the defective Product during its
warranty period. Customer must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number prior to returning the
defective Product to Equinox for service. Customer agrees to insure the Product or assume the risk of loss or damage
in transit, to prepay shipping charges and to use the original shipping container or equivalent. Contact Equinox
Customer Support at 954-746-9000 for further information. Product repaired or replaced shall be warranted for
a period of ninety (90) days or for the duration of the initial Product warranty period, whichever is longer.
POWER ON
This symbol indicates the principal on/off switch is in the on position.
POWER OFF
This symbol indicates the principal on/off switch is in the off position.
PROTECTIVE GROUNDING TERMINAL
This symbol indicates a terminal which must be connected to earth ground
prior to making any other connections to the equipment.
THE PROVISIONS OF THE WARRANTY ARE IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTY, WHETHER EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, AND EQUINOX’ LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE MANUFACTURE,
SALE OR SUPPLYING OF THE PRODUCT AND ITS USE, WHETHER BASED ON WARRANTY, CONTRACT,
NEGLIGENCE, PRODUCT LIABILITY OR OTHERWISE, SHALL NOT EXCEED THE ORIGINAL COST OF
THE PRODUCT. IN NO EVENT SHALL EQUINOX BE LIABLE FOR UNINTENDED OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF PROFITS OR USE DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF
THE MANUFACTURE, SALE OR SUPPLYING OF THE PRODUCT.
© Copyright 2004 Avocent Corporation. All rights reserved.
CCM4850
Installer/User Guide
Avocent, AVWorks and Equinox are registered trademarks of Avocent
Corporation or its affiliates. All other marks are the property of their
respective owners.
© 2004 Avocent Corporation. All rights reserved.
USA Notification
WARNING: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction
manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential
area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at
his own expense.
Canadian Notification
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set
out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites applicables aux
appareils numériques de la classe A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le
Ministère des Communications du Canada.
Japanese Approvals
European Union
WARNING: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio interference
in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
Taiwanese Notification
.
iii
T A B L E O F C ON T E N T S
Table of Contents
List of Figures ................................................................................................................ vii
List of Tables ................................................................................................................... ix
Chapter 1: Product Overview.......................................................................................... 1
Features and Benefits ........................................................................................................................ 1
Safety Precautions ............................................................................................................................. 2
Rack mount safety considerations .............................................................................................. 2
Using AVWorks Software................................................................................................................... 3
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration ..................................................................... 5
Hardware Overview........................................................................................................................... 5
Installing the CCM Appliance ........................................................................................................... 6
Configuring the CCM Appliance ....................................................................................................... 7
Configuring the network address settings .................................................................................. 7
Initial CCM appliance login....................................................................................................... 9
Reinitializing the CCM Appliance ..................................................................................................... 9
Chapter 3: Operations ................................................................................................... 11
Overview .......................................................................................................................................... 11
Configuring Serial Port Settings...................................................................................................... 11
Connecting to Serial Devices........................................................................................................... 12
Connecting to devices using Telnet .......................................................................................... 12
Connecting to devices from the console port............................................................................ 13
Configuring and using dial-in connections .............................................................................. 14
Connecting to devices using PPP ............................................................................................. 15
Connecting to devices using SSH ............................................................................................. 15
Enabling plain text Telnet and SSH connections...................................................................... 18
CLI mode.......................................................................................................................................... 19
Ending Device Sessions ................................................................................................................... 19
Session time-out ........................................................................................................................ 20
Preemption................................................................................................................................ 20
Managing User Accounts................................................................................................................. 20
Access rights and levels ............................................................................................................ 21
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Using Authentication Methods......................................................................................................... 23
Authentication summary ........................................................................................................... 24
Using security lock-out ............................................................................................................. 25
Managing the Port History Buffer ................................................................................................... 26
Using port history mode commands ......................................................................................... 26
Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP .................................................................................. 28
Chapter 4: Using CCM Appliance Commands ............................................................ 33
Accessing the CLI ............................................................................................................................ 33
Entering Commands ........................................................................................................................ 33
When commands take effect...................................................................................................... 34
Understanding Conventions ............................................................................................................ 34
Command syntax....................................................................................................................... 34
Syntax conventions.................................................................................................................... 36
Command Summary ......................................................................................................................... 36
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands ....................................................................... 41
Connect Command........................................................................................................................... 41
Disconnect Command ...................................................................................................................... 41
Help Command ................................................................................................................................ 42
Port Commands ............................................................................................................................... 42
Port Alert Add command .......................................................................................................... 43
Port Alert Copy command ........................................................................................................ 43
Port Alert Delete command ...................................................................................................... 44
Port Break command ................................................................................................................ 44
Port History command.............................................................................................................. 44
Port Logout command .............................................................................................................. 45
Port Set command..................................................................................................................... 45
Quit Command ................................................................................................................................. 48
Resume Command............................................................................................................................ 48
Server Commands ............................................................................................................................ 48
Server CLI command ................................................................................................................ 49
Server FLASH command .......................................................................................................... 50
Server PPP command ............................................................................................................... 51
Server RADIUS command ........................................................................................................ 52
Table of Contents
v
Server Reboot command ........................................................................................................... 53
Server Security command ......................................................................................................... 53
Server Set command ................................................................................................................. 54
Server SNMP command............................................................................................................ 55
Server SNMP Community command ........................................................................................ 55
Server SNMP Manager command ............................................................................................ 56
Server SNMP Trap command ................................................................................................... 56
Server SNMP Trap Destination command ............................................................................... 57
Server SSH command ............................................................................................................... 57
Show Commands.............................................................................................................................. 58
Show Port command ................................................................................................................. 59
Show Port Alert command ........................................................................................................ 60
Show Server command.............................................................................................................. 60
Show Server CLI command ...................................................................................................... 61
Show Server PPP command ..................................................................................................... 62
Show Server RADIUS command............................................................................................... 62
Show Server Security command................................................................................................ 62
Show Server SNMP command .................................................................................................. 63
Show User command ................................................................................................................ 63
SPC Command ................................................................................................................................. 64
User Commands............................................................................................................................... 65
User Add command................................................................................................................... 65
User Delete command............................................................................................................... 66
User Logout command.............................................................................................................. 67
User Set command .................................................................................................................... 67
User Unlock command ............................................................................................................. 68
Appendices..................................................................................................................... 71
Appendix A: Technical Specifications ............................................................................................. 71
Appendix B: Device Cabling............................................................................................................ 73
Appendix C: Supported Traps.......................................................................................................... 78
Appendix D: Ports Used .................................................................................................................. 80
Appendix E: Technical Support ....................................................................................................... 81
Index................................................................................................................................ 83
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vii
LIST OF FIGU RES
List of Figures
Figure 2.1: CCM4850 Appliance Front Panel .................................................................................. 5
Figure 2.2: CCM4850 Appliance Back Panel ................................................................................... 6
Figure B.1: CAT 5 and CAT 6 Cable Adaptor Pin Assignments ..................................................... 74
Figure B.2: Reversing Cable Adaptor Pin Assignments.................................................................. 76
Figure B.3: 8-wire RJ-45 Reversing Cable ..................................................................................... 77
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ix
LIST OF TABLES
List of Tables
Table 2.1: LAN LED Values .............................................................................................................. 5
Table 3.1: Default Port Settings ..................................................................................................... 11
Table 3.2: SSH Authentication Methods.......................................................................................... 16
Table 3.3: Access Rights .................................................................................................................. 22
Table 3.4: Authentication Method Summary ................................................................................... 24
Table 3.5: Port History Mode Commands....................................................................................... 26
Table 4.1: Line Editing Operations for VT100 Compatible Devices .............................................. 33
Table 4.2: Line Editing Operations for ASCII TTY Devices ........................................................... 34
Table 4.3: Command Syntax Types in Example Command ............................................................. 34
Table 4.4: CCM Appliance Command Summary............................................................................. 36
Table 5.1: Connect Command Parameter ....................................................................................... 41
Table 5.2: Help Command Parameter............................................................................................. 42
Table 5.3: Port Command Summary ............................................................................................... 42
Table 5.4: Port Alert Add Command Parameters ........................................................................... 43
Table 5.5: Port Alert Copy Command Parameters ......................................................................... 43
Table 5.6: Port Alert Delete Command Parameter ......................................................................... 44
Table 5.7: Port Logout Command Parameter ................................................................................. 45
Table 5.8: Port Set Command Parameters ...................................................................................... 46
Table 5.9: Server Command Summary ............................................................................................ 48
Table 5.10: Server CLI Command Parameters ............................................................................... 49
Table 5.11: Server FLASH Command Parameters ......................................................................... 51
Table 5.12: Server PPP Command Parameters .............................................................................. 51
Table 5.13: Server RADIUS Command Parameters ....................................................................... 52
Table 5.14: Server Security Command Parameters ........................................................................ 54
Table 5.15: Server Set Command Parameters................................................................................. 54
Table 5.16: Server SNMP Command Parameter............................................................................. 55
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CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
Table 5.17: Server SNMP Community Command Parameters........................................................ 55
Table 5.18: Server SNMP Manager Command Parameters ........................................................... 56
Table 5.19: Server SNMP Trap Command Parameter.................................................................... 57
Table 5.20: Server SNMP Trap Destination Command Parameters............................................... 57
Table 5.21: Server SSH Command Parameters............................................................................... 58
Table 5.22: Show Command Summary............................................................................................ 58
Table 5.23: Show Port Command Parameter.................................................................................. 59
Table 5.24: Show Port Command Display Fields ........................................................................... 59
Table 5.25: Show Port Alert Command Parameter......................................................................... 60
Table 5.26: Show Server Command Display Fields ........................................................................ 61
Table 5.27: Show Server CLI Command Display Fields................................................................. 61
Table 5.28: Show Server Security Command Display Fields .......................................................... 63
Table 5.29: Show User Command Parameter ................................................................................. 63
Table 5.30: Show User Command Display Fields........................................................................... 64
Table 5.31: Show User All Command Display Fields ..................................................................... 64
Table 5.32: User Command Summary............................................................................................. 65
Table 5.33: User Add Command ..................................................................................................... 65
Table 5.34: User Delete Command Parameter ............................................................................... 66
Table 5.35: User Logout Command Parameter .............................................................................. 67
Table 5.36: User Set Command Parameters ................................................................................... 67
Table 5.37: User Logout Command Parameter .............................................................................. 69
Table A.1: CCM4850 Appliance Technical Specifications ............................................................. 71
Table B.1: Port Pin Assignments ..................................................................................................... 73
Table B.2: Adaptors for Use with CAT 5 and CAT 6 Cable ............................................................ 73
Table B.3: Reversing Adaptors and Cables .................................................................................... 75
Table C.1: CCM4850 Appliance Enterprise Traps ......................................................................... 78
Table D.1: Ports Used by CCM Appliance...................................................................................... 80
1
CHAPTER
Product Overview
1
Features and Benefits
Overview
The CCM console management appliance provides non-blocked access and control for serial
devices such as serial-managed Linux (or other UNIX) servers, routers, power management
devices and firewalls. You may connect up to 48 serial devices to a CCM4850 appliance.
A single 10/100/1000 Ethernet port provides network connectivity on each CCM4850 appliance.
The unit also has a console port that uses a Command Line Interface (CLI) for configuration,
management and optionally, connection to other ports.
A CCM4850 appliance may be mounted in 1U of vertical space in a standard 19 inch rack.
Serial device access options
You may choose from among several available Telnet options to access the CCM appliance and its
attached serial devices:
•
The AVWorks® cross-platform management application that offers a built-in enhanced Telnet
client and a Secure Shell (SSH) client
•
Third party Telnet clients
•
Third party SSH clients
Access to attached serial devices is also possible through the appliance serial CLI, plus PPP (Point
to Point Protocol) and other types of dial-in connections to a modem on the console port.
User authentication and data security
The CCM user database supports up to 64 user accounts, which include usernames, passwords and/
or keys, plus specifications of access rights to CCM appliance ports and commands. User
definitions may be changed at any time. You may choose to have user access authenticated locally
at the CCM user database or at one or more RADIUS (Remote Access Dial-In User Service)
servers. Data security may be enhanced using industry-standard SSH encryption.
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CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
Extensive command set
The CCM appliance offers a wide range of commands that allow administrators to easily configure,
control and display information about the CCM appliance operating environment, including its
ports, user accounts and active sessions. The serial CLI is always available on the unit’s console
port, and may be easily accessed during a session with an attached serial device.
The user interface also offers descriptive error message data and built-in command help
information. On-board Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) support allows administrators to
upload new functionality to CCM appliances in the field.
Port history
Each CCM port has a buffer that holds the most recent 64K bytes of online and offline serial data.
A separate history command mode lets you navigate within a port’s current history file and conduct
tailored searches.
Safety Precautions
To avoid potential device problems, if the building has 3-phase AC power, ensure that a computer
and its monitor (if used) are on the same phase. For best results, they should be on the same circuit.
To avoid potentially fatal shock hazard and possible damage to equipment, please observe the
following precautions:
•
Do not use a 2-wire extension cord in any Equinox product configuration.
•
Test AC outlets at the computer and monitor (if used) for proper polarity and grounding.
•
Use only with grounded outlets at both the computer and monitor. When using a backup Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS), power the computer, the monitor and the CCM appliance off
the supply.
Rack mount safety considerations
•
Elevated Ambient Temperature: If installed in a closed rack assembly, the operation temperature of the rack environment may be greater than room ambient. Use care not to exceed the
rated maximum ambient temperature of the unit.
•
Reduced Airflow: Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the amount of airflow required for safe operation of the equipment is not compromised.
•
Mechanical Loading: Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such that a hazardous
condition is not achieved due to uneven mechanical loading.
•
Circuit Overloading: Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the
supply circuit and the effect that overloading of circuits might have on overcurrent protection
and supply wiring. Consider equipment nameplate ratings for maximum current.
•
Reliable Earthing: Reliable earthing of rack mounted equipment should be maintained. Pay
particular attention to supply connections other than direct connections to the branch circuit
(for example, use of power strips).
Chapter 1: Product Overview
3
Using AVWorks Software
The AVWorks cross-platform management application may be used to manage CCM4850
appliances and access attached devices. Using AVWorks software, you may perform most of the
operations that are described in this manual. This manual describes how to manage a CCM4850
appliance by entering commands using the CLI. The AVWorks Installer/User Guide describes how
to manage a CCM4850 appliance using the graphic interface.
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CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
5
CHAPTER
Installation and Configuration
2
Hardware Overview
Figure 2.1 shows the front panel of a CCM4850 appliance.
Figure 2.1: CCM4850 Appliance Front Panel
The front panel contains the 48 serial port connectors. The lower left area of the front panel
contains the following LEDs, buttons and connectors:
•
The ONLINE LED illuminates steadily (not blinking) when the CCM self-test and initialization procedures complete successfully.
•
The POWER LED illuminates when the CCM appliance is connected to a
power source and the power switch is on (|).
•
The RESET button reboots the CCM appliance when pressed.
•
The INIT button restores the CCM factory defaults when pressed and held. See Reinitializing
the CCM Appliance on page 9.
•
A console device may be connected to the RJ-45 CONSOLE PORT.
•
A 10BaseT, 100BaseT or 1000BaseT interface cable may be connected to the LAN PORT.
•
Two LEDs adjacent to the LAN PORT (SPEED and LINK/TRAFFIC) indicate the link speed
and whether there is traffic on the link. Table 2.1 describes the possible values.
Table 2.1: LAN LED Values
SPEED LED
LINK/TRAFFIC LED
Description
Off
Off
No link
Off
On
Link at 10 Mbps
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CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
Table 2.1: LAN LED Values (Continued)
SPEED LED
LINK/TRAFFIC LED
Description
Green
On
Link at 100 Mbps
Orange
On
Link at 1000 Mbps
Off
Flashing
Traffic at 10 Mbps
Green
Flashing
Traffic at 100 Mbps
Orange
Flashing
Traffic at 1000 Mbps
Figure 2.2 shows the back panel of a CCM4850 appliance.
Figure 2.2: CCM4850 Appliance Back Panel
The back panel contains:
•
The AC line cord connector.
•
On/off switch (O = off, | = on).
•
Outflow openings for the two internal fans.
•
A DB-9 DEBUG PORT connector. This port should be used only on the advice and with the
guidance of Equinox Technical Support.
Installing the CCM Appliance
WARNING: This unit is not user serviceable. To avoid electrical shock, do not attempt to open the unit or operate
with the cover off. Do not attempt to make any repairs. See Appendix E on page 81 for information.
WARNING: The power outlet should be near the equipment and easily accessible.
To install the CCM appliance hardware:
1.
Place the unit where you can connect cables between the serial devices and the CCM serial
ports, and where you can connect a LAN interface cable between the Ethernet hub or switch
and the CCM LAN PORT connector.
2.
Connect serial devices to the CCM serial ports; see Device Cabling on page 73 for cable information. Connect each serial device to its appropriate power source, following the
device’s documentation.
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
7
3.
Attach a 10BaseT, 100BaseT or 1000BaseT LAN interface cable to the LAN PORT connector
on the back of the CCM appliance. A CAT 5 cable is required for 100BaseT operation. A CAT
6 cable is required for 1000BaseT operation.
4.
Insert the power cord into the back of the unit. Insert the other end of the power cord into a
grounded electrical receptacle. Toggle the power switch on the back of the unit to the
on position ( | ).
5.
Check that the POWER LED on the front of the unit is illuminated. If not, check the power
cable to ensure that it is inserted snugly into the back of the unit. The ONLINE LED will illuminate within two to three minutes to indicate that the self-test is complete. If the ONLINE
LED blinks, contact Equinox Technical Support for assistance.
6.
Check that the LAN port LEDs indicate that a 10, 100 or 1000 Mbps link exists. If not, check
the Ethernet cable to ensure that both ends are correctly inserted into their jacks. If the unit is
connected to a 100 MB Ethernet hub, the 100MBps LED will also be illuminated.
7.
Once the POWER and ONLINE LEDs and a valid LAN LED link sequence are illuminated,
proceed with the configuration process (if you will be using BootP, remove power from the
CCM appliance).
Configuring the CCM Appliance
To configure the CCM appliance, you must specify a unique IP address, plus other network address
information. This information will be stored in the CCM configuration database. During initial
login, you will specify a password for the Admin user.
Configuring the network address settings
You may configure the CCM appliance network address settings using AVWorks software, BootP
or the serial CLI on the console port.
To configure the network address settings using AVWorks software:
Using the AVWorks New Appliance Wizard is the easiest method to configure the CCM appliance
network address settings. See the AVWorks Installer/User Guide for instructions. After the
network address settings are configured, see Initial CCM appliance login on page 9.
To configure the network address settings using BootP:
1.
Ensure that there is a BootP server on your network that is configured to correctly respond to a
BootP request from the CCM appliance. BootP servers require the Ethernet MAC address of
network devices. The Ethernet MAC address is located on the back of the unit. See your BootP
server’s system administrator guide for information about configuring the BootP server.
2.
After you have configured your network’s BootP server with the CCM appliance Ethernet
MAC address, IP address, subnet mask and gateway, restore power to the CCM appliance and
wait for the ONLINE LED to illuminate. Once this occurs, the CCM appliance has completed
the BootP protocol, obtained its network address information and stored these in FLASH.
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CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
3.
You may verify that the BootP process was successful with a ping command, which tests network connectivity. The ping command is entered as:
ping <ip_address>
For example, the following command tests the network connectivity of a CCM appliance with
the IP address 192.168.0.5.
ping 192.168.0.5
4.
If the CCM appliance completes the BootP successfully, you will see a display similar to
the following.
Pinging 192.168.0.5 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 192.168.0.5: bytes=32 time<10ms
Reply from 192.168.0.5: bytes=32 time<10ms
Reply from 192.168.0.5: bytes=32 time<10ms
Reply from 192.168.0.5: bytes=32 time<10ms
TTL=128
TTL=128
TTL=128
TTL=128
If the CCM appliance did not successfully obtain its IP address with the BootP protocol, you
will see a display similar to the following.
Pinging
Request
Request
Request
Request
192.168.0.5 with 32 bytes of data
timed out.
timed out.
timed out.
timed out.
In this case, check the address information provided to the BootP server to confirm they are
correct. Verify that the Ethernet LAN adaptor cable is correctly installed on the CCM
appliance and the Ethernet hub.
After the network address settings are configured successfully, launch a Telnet session to the
assigned IP address. Then, see Initial CCM appliance login on page 9.
To configure the CCM appliance using the serial CLI:
1.
Attach a compatible device to the console port. The compatible device types are: ASCII,
VT52, VT100, VT102, VT220 and VT320.
For cable and adaptor information, see Device Cabling on page 73. You may use any terminal
emulation program that is available on your system.
2.
Configure your terminal or terminal emulation program as follows.
Baud rate
Bits per character
Stop bits
Flow control
9600
8
1
None
3.
Press the Return or Enter key until a prompt appears, requesting your username. If you do not
receive a prompt after pressing the key five times, check your cable and serial settings to be
sure that they are correct.
4.
Proceed to Initial CCM appliance login on page 9.
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
9
Initial CCM appliance login
The CCM appliance ships with a single user defined in its user database. The first time you connect
to the CCM appliance, you are prompted for a username.
To log in to the CCM appliance for the first time:
1.
At the Username prompt, type Admin. There is no factory default password for the Admin
user. At the Password prompt, press Return.
Username: Admin
Password:
Authentication Complete
CCM configuration is required.
2.
Once authentication completes, the CCM appliance prompts for any missing configuration values that are required for operation.
If you already provided the IP address, subnet mask and gateway, you will not be prompted for
those values again.
If you have not already provided the network information, you will be prompted for them.
Enter the addresses using standard dot notation.
CCM configuration is required
Enter CCM IP address > 192.168.0.5
Enter CCM Subnet mask > 255.255.255.0
Enter CCM Gateway address > 0.0.0.0
3.
You are prompted for a new Admin password. Passwords are case sensitive and must contain
3-16 alphanumeric characters. You must enter the new password twice to confirm that you
entered it correctly.
Enter CCM New Admin Password > *****
Confirm New Admin Password > *****
After you have provided the required configuration information, a confirmation message appears
while the CCM appliance stores the values in its configuration database.
You have now completed the initial login, and you may enter additional commands at the CLI
prompt (>). To configure other CCM appliance ports, see Configuring Serial Port Settings on
page 11.
Reinitializing the CCM Appliance
Reinitializing the CCM appliance removes configured information. This may be useful when
reinstalling the unit at another location in your network.
The CCM appliance stores configuration information in FLASH databases. During reinitialization,
the FLASH erase has two phases. The first phase erases the configuration database, which contains
all nonvolatile data except the IP address. The second phase erases the IP address and restores the
CCM appliance to its factory default settings.
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CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
To reinitialize the CCM appliance:
1.
Locate the recessed INIT button on the front of the CCM appliance. An opened paper clip may
be used to depress the button.
2.
Insert the end of the opened paper clip in the recess, then depress and hold the button. The
ONLINE LED will blink, indicating an initialization has been requested. You have approximately seven seconds to release the button before any action is taken.
After seven seconds, the ONLINE LED will blink more rapidly to confirm that the CCM
configuration database has been erased. Continuing to hold the INIT button for a few more
seconds will erase the IP address as well. The ONLINE LED will blink faster to confirm
the deletion.
If any portion of FLASH is erased, the CCM appliance reboots when the INIT button is released.
You may also use the Server FLASH command to update the CCM FLASH application or boot
program. For more information, see Server FLASH command on page 50.
11
CHAPTER
3
Operations
Overview
The CCM console management appliance and its ports are easily configured and managed to meet
your requirements for device connection, user authentication, access control, power status
monitoring, port history information display and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
compliance for use with third party network management products.
Configuring Serial Port Settings
By default, ports are configured with the settings listed in Table 3.1.
Table 3.1: Default Port Settings
Parameter
Value
Target device
Console
Name
xx-xx-xx Pn (last 3 octets of MAC address plus the port number)
Baud rate
9600
Bits per character
8
Parity
None
Stop bits
1
Flow control
None
Time-out
15 minutes
CLI access character
Use Server CLI setting (^D)
Power
None
Most of these settings are standard serial port operating characteristics.
The CLI access character parameter specifies how you access the CLI. For more information, see
CLI mode on page 19.
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CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
The Power parameter instructs the CCM appliance to monitor the state of a specified control signal.
Signal transitions may be configured to trigger SNMP traps. The parameter value indicates an
inbound control signal (CTS, DCD or DSR) and the state of that signal (low or high). When the
defined signal is true, the CCM appliance interprets it as a power on condition for the attached
device; when the signal is false, a power off condition for the device is assumed. The signal
specified for flow control may not be used for power control, and vice versa.
To configure serial port settings:
Issue a Port Set command. You may specify settings for one or all ports.
PORT [<port>|ALL] SET [NAME=<name>] [BAUD=<baud>] [SIZE=<size>]
[PARITY=<parity>] [STOP=<stop_bits>] [FLOW=<flow_ctrl>] [TIMEOUT=<time-out>]
[SOCKET=<socket>] [CHAR=^<cli_char>] [TOGGLE=NONE|DTR] [POWER=<signal>]
For more information and descriptions of all valid parameters, see Port Set command on page 45.
To display serial port settings:
Issue a Show Port command.
SHOW PORT [<port>|ALL|NAMES]
The display includes configuration information, current power status (if power status monitoring
has been enabled), plus transmit, receive and error counts. When you request information about a
single port and a user is currently accessing that port, the display also includes the username, access
rights and other information about the current session.
When you request information about port names, the display includes the port numbers and names.
If a port’s name has not been changed with a Port Set command, the logical name is displayed.
For more information, see Show Port command on page 59.
Connecting to Serial Devices
The CCM appliance offers several methods for connecting to attached serial devices: Telnet, serial
CLI, PPP and SSH.
Connecting to devices using Telnet
Each CCM serial port is directly addressable through a unique TCP port that provides a connection
to the attached serial device.
Plain text (non-encrypted) Telnet connections are enabled by default. For information about
enabling both plain text Telnet and SSH connections, Enabling plain text Telnet and SSH
connections on page 18 and Server Security command on page 53.
You may access the CCM appliance and its ports using Equinox-provided or third party Telnet
client applications. Third party Telnet applications may be used in combination with AVWorks
software or standalone.
Chapter 3: Operations
13
AVWorks software Telnet client
Each CCM appliance is shipped with the AVWorks cross-platform management application.
AVWorks software provides a convenient way to select a CCM appliance or an attached device and
launch a Telnet session to manage it.
AVWorks software includes a built-in Serial Console Viewer Telnet application that offers several
features not found in other Telnet clients. For maximum flexibility, AVWorks software allows you
to associate a unique Telnet client with each CCM port. AVWorks software also provides built-in
support for SSH2.
You may specify the built-in Telnet client or a third party Telnet client. For more information, see
the AVWorks Installer/User Guide.
Standalone third party Telnet clients
You may use third party Telnet clients to access the CCM appliance directly without
AVWorks software.
To connect to a device using Telnet:
Type telnet, followed by the CCM IP address and the appropriate TCP port, which by default is
3000 plus the physical port number, in decimal format. (The TCP port number may be changed for
any CCM port.)
For example, the following Telnet command connects to the serial device attached to physical port
24 of the CCM appliance.
telnet 192.168.0.5 3024
If an authentication method other than None has been configured for the CCM appliance, you will
be prompted for a username and password. Once authentication completes, your connection is
confirmed. When you successfully connect to the serial device, you will see a display similar to
the following.
Username: Myname
Password: ******
Authentication Complete
Connected to Port: 7 9600,8,N,1,XON/XOFF
If the authentication method is configured as None, you may Telnet and connect to a serial device
without entering credentials; however, credentials are always required when connecting to the
CCM CLI.
NOTE: When using AVWorks software, the configuration of the credential caching feature may affect whether
you are prompted for a username and password. See the AVWorks Installer/User Guide for more information.
Data entered at the Telnet client is written to the attached serial device. Any data received by the
CCM appliance from the serial device is output to your Telnet client.
Connecting to devices from the console port
You may connect to one serial device at a time from the console port, using a local terminal or a
local PC using a terminal emulation program. If you connect an external modem to the console
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port, you may also access devices through a remote terminal or PC that can dial into the external
modem. For information about modem connections, see Configuring and using dial-in connections
on page 14 and Server CLI command on page 49.
To connect to a device from the console port:
1.
Issue a Server CLI command, using the Connect parameter to enable the use of the Connect
command from the console port.
SERVER CLI CONNECT=ON
2.
Issue a Connect command to the desired port.
CONNECT <port>
3.
To end a device session that was initiated with a Connect command, issue a Disconnect command.
DISCONNECT
For more information, see Server CLI command on page 49, Connect Command on page 41 and
Disconnect Command on page 41.
Configuring and using dial-in connections
You may attach an external modem to the console port for dial-in serial CLI access to the CCM
appliance. This may be used as a backup connection if the unit is not accessible from the network.
It may also be used as a primary connection at remote sites that do not have Ethernet network
capability. The modem must be Hayes compatible.
To specify a modem initialization string:
1.
Issue a Server CLI command, using the Modeminit parameter to specify the modem initialization string.
SERVER CLI MODEMINIT=“<string>”
The string must be enclosed in quotes and must include at least the command settings ATV1
and SO=1, which cause the modem to issue verbose response strings and autoanswer the phone
on the first ring. For more information, see Server CLI command on page 49.
The modem initialization string is sent to the cabled modem when any of the following
conditions occur:
2.
•
CCM appliance initialization
•
Detection of a transition of DSR from low to high
•
Completion of a call when DCD changes from high to low
Upon successful modem connection, press the Enter key until the login prompt appears.
To display modem configuration information:
Issue a Show Server CLI command.
SHOW SERVER CLI
For more information, see Show Server CLI command on page 61.
Chapter 3: Operations
15
Connecting to devices using PPP
The CCM appliance supports remote PPP access using an autoanswer modem that answers calls
and establishes the PPP protocol with a dial-in client. You may establish Telnet or SSH
connections over PPP.
PPP dial-in may be used to access a remote CCM appliance that does not warrant a WAN (Wide
Area Network) link to the Ethernet interface. The PPP dial-in may also be used to access a subnet
containing remote devices in the event of a WAN link failure. In this case, the PPP provides an
alternate path to one or more remote devices.
To use PPP, you must configure a modem in autoanswer mode on the console port; see Configuring
and using dial-in connections on page 14. Once the PPP connection is established, you must launch
an application that connects to the CCM appliance or to one of its ports. The PPP connection is
only a communications interface to the CCM appliance.
The CCM appliance implements a PPP server that uses CHAP (Challenge Authentication
Protocol). Passwords are not accepted in the clear on PPP connections.
To enable or disable a PPP server on the console port:
1.
To enable a PPP server on the console port, issue a Server PPP command with the
Enable parameter.
SERVER PPP ENABLE LOCALIP=<local_ip> REMOTEIP=<rem_ip> [MASK=<subnet>]
You must specify local and remote IP addresses to be used for the CCM appliance and client
ends of the PPP connection respectively. You are prompted to confirm or cancel the changes.
Enter Y to confirm or N to cancel.
2.
To disable a PPP server, issue a Server PPP command with the Disable parameter.
SERVER PPP DISABLE
For more information, see Server PPP command on page 51.
To display PPP configuration information:
Issue a Show Server PPP command.
SHOW SERVER PPP
For more information, see Show Server PPP command on page 62.
Connecting to devices using SSH
The CCM console management appliance supports version 2 of the SSH protocol (SSH2). The
CCM SSH server operates on the standard SSH port 22. The shell for this connection provides a
CLI prompt as if you had established a Telnet connection on port 23. The shell request for this
connection is for CLI access.
Additional CCM SSH servers operate on TCP ports that are numbered with values 100 greater than
the standard 30xx Telnet ports for the CCM appliance. For example, if port 7 is configured for
Telnet access on port 3007, then port 3107 will be a direct SSH connection for port 7. When SSH is
enabled, Telnet port 23 connections will be accepted from other clients if the Server Security
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command includes the Encrypt=SSH,None parameter, which indicates that both SSH and plain text
connections will be allowed. Connecting to Telnet port 23 may also be tunneled through a
connection to SSH port 22.
SSH server keys
When SSH is enabled for the first time, all sessions are terminated and the CCM appliance
generates an SSH server key. The key generation process may take up to three minutes. The key is
computed at random and is stored in the CCM configuration database.
In most cases, the SSH server key should not be modified because most SSH clients will associate
the key with the IP address of the CCM appliance. During the first connection to a new SSH server,
the client will display the SSH server’s key. You will be prompted to indicate if it should be stored
on the SSH client. After the first connection, most SSH clients will validate the key when
connecting to the CCM appliance. This provides an extra layer of security because the SSH client
can verify the key sent by the server each time it connects.
When you disable SSH and later reenable it, you may either use the existing server key or compute
a new one. If you are reenabling the same server at the same IP address, it is recommended that you
use the existing key, as SSH clients may be using it for verification. If you are moving the CCM
appliance to another location and changing the IP address, you may wish to generate a new SSH
server key.
Authenticating an SSH user
SSH is enabled and disabled with the Server SSH command. When you enable SSH, you may
specify the authentication method(s) that will be used for SSH connections. The method may be a
password, an SSH key or both. A user’s password and SSH key are specified with a User Add or
User Set command. All SSH keys must be RSA keys. DSA keys are not supported.
Table 3.2 lists and describes the valid SSH authentication methods that may be specified with a
Server SSH command.
Table 3.2: SSH Authentication Methods
Method
Description
PW (default)
SSH connections will be authenticated with a username/password. With this method,
a user’s definition must include a valid password in order for that user to authenticate
an SSH session.
KEY
SSH connections will be authenticated with an SSH key. With this method, a user’s
definition must include valid SSH key information in order for that user to
authenticate an SSH session. Key authentication is always local; RADIUS is not
supported. For more information, see SSH user keys on page 17.
Chapter 3: Operations
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Table 3.2: SSH Authentication Methods (Continued)
Method
Description
PW|KEY or KEY|PW
SSH connections will be authenticated with either a username/password or an SSH
key. If a user has only a password defined, that user must authenticate an SSH
session with a username/password. If a user has only an SSH key defined, that user
must authenticate an SSH session using the key. If a user has both a password and
an SSH key defined, that user may use either a username/password or the SSH key
to authenticate an SSH session. This method allows the administrator to define how
each user will authenticate an SSH session based on information provided in the
User Add/Set command.
PW authentication will be local or RADIUS as specified in the Auth parameter of the
Server Security command. Key authentication is always local.
PW&KEY or KEY&PW
SSH connections will be authenticated using both a username/password and an
SSH key. With this method, a user’s definition must include a password and SSH key
information for that user to authenticate an SSH session.
PW authentication will be local or RADIUS as specified in the Auth parameter of the
Server Security command. Key authentication is always local.
A user’s access rights are determined from the authentication method used. SSH key authentication
always uses the access rights from the local user database. Depending on the server authentication
mode specified with the Server Security command, SSH password authentication will use either the
access rights from the local user database or the values returned by the RADIUS server.
With either of the “or” methods (PW|KEY and KEY|PW), the user access rights are determined
from the method used to authenticate the user.
With either of the “and” methods (PW&KEY and KEY&PW), the user access rights are
determined from the first method specified. If PW&KEY is specified, the access rights from the
password authentication will be used. If KEY&PW is specified, the access rights from the key
authentication will be used.
For more information, see Using Authentication Methods on page 23.
SSH user keys
A user’s SSH key is specified in a User Add or User Set command. You may define a key even if
SSH is not currently enabled. The key may be specified in one of two ways:
•
When using the SSHKEY and FTPIP keyword pair to define the network location of a user’s
SSH key file, the SSHKEY parameter specifies the name of the uuencoded (Unix to Unix
encoded) public key file on an FTP server. The maximum file size that can be received is 4K
bytes. The FTPIP parameter specifies the FTP server’s IP address.
When this method is specified, the CCM appliance initiates an FTP client request to the
specified IP address. The CCM appliance then prompts the user for an FTP username and
password for connection. When connected, the CCM appliance will GET the specified key file
and the FTP connection will be closed. The CCM appliance then stores the SSH key with the
username in the CCM user database.
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•
When using the KEY keyword to specify the SSH key, the KEY parameter specifies the actual
uuencoded SSH key. This is for configurations that do not implement an FTP server. The CCM
appliance stores the specified key in the CCM user database.
The CCM appliance processes a uuencoded SSH2 public key file with the format described in the
IETF document draft-ietf-secshpublickeyfile-02. The key must follow all format requirements. The
UNIX ssh-keygen2 generates this file format. The CCM appliance also processes a uuencoded
SSH1 public key file. The UNIX ssh-keygen generates this file format.
To enable SSH session access to the CCM appliance:
1.
Issue a Show Server Security command to ensure that you are using an authentication method
other than None.
SHOW SERVER SECURITY
2.
Issue a Server SSH command with the Enable parameter. You may also specify an authentication method.
SERVER SSH ENABLE AUTH=<auth>
If an authentication method is not specified, the previous authentication parameter will be
used. The default value is AUTH=PW.
3.
If you are enabling SSH for the first time, you are advised that all other CCM appliance
sessions will be terminated. Enter Y to continue or N to cancel.
4.
If you are reenabling SSH, you are prompted to use the existing SSH server key or generate a
new key. Enter Y to use the existing key or N to generate a new key.
For more information, see Server SSH command on page 57.
To disable SSH session access to the CCM appliance:
Issue a Server SSH command with the Disable parameter.
SERVER SSH DISABLE
When SSH is disabled, the CCM appliance operates in plain text mode.
To display SSH information:
Issue a Show Server Security command.
SHOW SERVER SECURITY
If SSH is enabled, the display will include SSH2. Regardless of whether SSH is enabled, the
display will indicate the authentication method that was specified with the Server SSH command.
Enabling plain text Telnet and SSH connections
Plain text (non-encrypted) Telnet connections are enabled by default.
If you enable SSH connections using the Server Security command and the Encrypt=SSH
parameter, plain text Telnet connections will be disabled. However, if you enable SSH connections
with the Server SSH command, both plain text and SSH connections will be allowed.
Chapter 3: Operations
19
To enable both Telnet and SSH connections:
Issue a Server Security command, indicating Encrypt=SSH,None.
CLI mode
While you are connected to an attached serial device, you may enter Telnet CLI mode and enter
CCM appliance commands.
To enter or exit CLI mode when connected to a serial device:
1.
To enter CLI mode, type the CLI access character, which is Ctrl-D by default. At the CLI
prompt (>), you may enter CCM commands.
2.
To exit CLI mode and return to the session with the attached device, issue a Resume command.
RESUME
For more information, see Resume Command on page 48.
To change the CLI access character:
Issue a Server CLI command or a Port Set command, using the Char parameter to specify the CLI
access character.
SERVER CLI CHAR=^<char>
- or PORT SET CHAR=^<char>
If you issue a Port Set command with Char=None, then the CLI access character specified in the
Server CLI command will be used. You may use the Port Set command to override the Server CLI
access character on a per-port basis.
For more information, see Server CLI command on page 49 and Port Set command on page 45.
To display CLI access character information:
Issue a Show Server CLI command.
SHOW SERVER CLI
For more information, see Show Server CLI command on page 61.
Ending Device Sessions
To end your session:
Enter CLI mode and issue a Quit command.
QUIT
- or If you initiated the device session with a Connect command, enter CLI mode and issue a
Disconnect command.
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DISCONNECT
- or Allow the port to time-out due to inactivity. In this case, a notification message is issued and the
serial CLI session returns to CLI mode. This time-out may occur while you are in CLI mode.
- or For modem connections, if a carrier drop occurs, the serial CLI session is automatically logged off.
For more information, see Quit Command on page 48 and Disconnect Command on page 41.
To end another user’s session:
Issue a User Logout command.
USER LOGOUT <username>
A message is sent and the Telnet or SSH connection is dropped.
For more information, see User Logout command on page 67. For information about preempting a
user’s session, see Connecting to devices using Telnet on page 12.
Session time-out
The CCM console management appliance monitors data traffic when you are connected to an
attached serial device. You may specify a time-out value with the Server CLI command. You may
also specify a time-out value for each port with the Port Set command. When no data is received
from the connected user for the configured number of minutes, the connection is terminated.
The following time-out values are used:
•
For a Telnet session, the Server CLI time-out value is used.
•
For a serial port session, if the port’s configured time-out value is zero, the Server CLI timeout value is used, even if it is also zero.
•
For a serial port session, if the port’s configured time-out value is non-zero, that value is used.
Preemption
Depending on configured access levels, a user who is connecting to a port (the connecting user)
may disconnect another user of equal or lower access (the current user). For preemption purposes,
the hierarchy of access levels is APPLIANCEADMIN > ADMIN > user.
If the connecting user’s access level is lower than the current user’s access level, the connecting
user will receive an In Use message and the connection will be dropped.
If the connecting user’s access level is equal to or higher than the owning user’s access level, an In
Use by owning user message will be displayed. The connecting user may then choose to preempt the
current user’s session. If the current user’s session is preempted, an appropriate message is displayed.
For more information, see Access rights and levels on page 21.
Managing User Accounts
The CCM user database can store information for up to 64 user accounts.
Chapter 3: Operations
21
To add a user:
Issue a User Add command.
USER ADD <username> [PASSWORD=<pwd>] [SSHKEY=<keyfile>] [FTPIP=<ftpadd>]
[KEY=<sshkey>] [ACCESS=<access>]
You must specify a username. You must also specify a password or SSH user key information, or
you may specify both. You may also include an access level or access rights. For more information,
see Connecting to devices using SSH on page 15, Access rights and levels on page 21 and User Add
command on page 65.
To change a user’s configuration information:
Issue a User Set command.
USER SET <username> [PASSWORD=<pwd>] [SSHKEY=<keyfile>] [FTPIP=<ftpadd>]
[KEY=<sshkey>] [ACCESS=<access>]
You may change your own password at any time. You must have USER access rights to change
another user’s password or to change any user’s SSH user key information and access rights.
To remove an SSH user key or password, specify Key=“” or Password=“”. You cannot remove
both the password and the SSH key from a user’s definition; one must remain in the user database.
Also, you cannot remove a user’s key or password if that removal would result in no valid users
having USER access rights.
For more information, see Connecting to devices using SSH on page 15, Access rights and levels on
page 21 and User Set command on page 67.
To delete a user:
Issue a User Delete command.
USER DELETE <username>
If the specified user is currently logged in, a message is sent to the user indicating that access is no
longer permitted, and the user’s Telnet session is terminated. For more information, see User
Delete command on page 66.
To display user configuration information:
1.
To display information about one user, issue a Show User command, specifying the username.
SHOW USER <username>
2.
To display information about all users, issue a Show User command with the All parameter.
SHOW USER ALL
For more information, see Show User command on page 63.
Access rights and levels
Most CCM appliance commands require the user to have the appropriate permission to issue CCM
appliance commands. Permissions are expressed as access rights or access levels. The access rights
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for each command are listed in Table 4.4 on page 36. Table 3.3 describes the access rights a user
may be given.
Table 3.3: Access Rights
Access Right
Description
PCON
The Port Configuration access right allows the user to modify port settings. Grant PCON
access only to users who need to issue the Port Set command.
SCON
The Server Configuration access right allows the user to change the CCM configurations,
including setting the IP address and updating the program load in FLASH. Grant SCON
access only to users who need to administer the CCM appliance.
SMON
The Server Monitor access right allows the user to view CCM appliance status and
monitor serial port activity. Grant SMON access only to users who need to assist other
users in accessing attached serial devices.
USER
The USER access right allows the user to modify the user database. Grant USER access
only to users who need to add users, change user specifications or delete users. At least
one user must have USER access rights; otherwise, the user database cannot be changed.
BREAK
The BREAK access right allows the user to send a serial break sequence to the attached
serial device. On certain devices, this sequence has a special meaning. Grant BREAK
access only to users who need to use the Port Break command.
P
The Port access right gives a user access to one or more serial ports and the attached
serial devices. You may grant Port access rights to specific ports (Pn), a range of ports
(Px-y) or all ports (PALL).
Access levels
When you specify a user’s permissions, you may either indicate the individual rights as listed in
Table 3.3 or you may indicate a predefined access level. The APPLIANCEADMIN and ADMIN
levels are equivalent to the following individual specifications:
•
The APPLIANCEADMIN level is equivalent to PALL, USER, SCON, SMON, PCON
and BREAK
•
The ADMIN level is equivalent to PALL, USER, SMON, PCON and BREAK
The third level (not APPLIANCEADMIN or ADMIN) is user. For preemption purposes, the
following hierarchy is used: APPLIANCEADMIN > ADMIN > user.
A user’s access level may be used for preemption. For example, assume User A is connected to a
port. User B tries to connect to the same port. If User B has an access level equal to or greater than
User A’s access level, then User B will be given the option of preempting User A. For more
information, see Preemption on page 20.
To manage a user’s access rights/levels:
1.
To configure a user’s access rights/level, issue a User Add command, using the Access parameter to specify the rights or a level.
Chapter 3: Operations
23
USER ADD <username> ACCESS=<access>
2.
To change a user’s access rights/level, issue a User Set command, using the Access parameter
to specify the rights or a level.
USER SET <username> ACCESS=<access>
3.
To display the access rights and level for one or all users, issue a Show User command.
SHOW USER <username>|ALL
For more information, see Managing User Accounts on page 20 plus User Add command on
page 65, User Set command on page 67 and Show User command on page 63.
Using Authentication Methods
The CCM appliance supports several methods for authenticating users: local, RADIUS and none.
Multiple connection and authentication methods may operate concurrently. By default,
authentication is performed at the local CCM user database.
Local authentication
Local authentication uses the CCM appliance internal user database to authenticate users. You may
optionally specify both local and RADIUS authentication, in either order. In this case,
authentication will be attempted initially on the first method specified. If that fails, the second
method will be used for authentication.
RADIUS authentication
RADIUS authentication uses an external third party RADIUS server containing a user database to
authenticate CCM appliance users. The CCM appliance, functioning as a RADIUS client, sends
usernames and passwords to the RADIUS server. If a username and password do not agree with
equivalent information on the RADIUS server, the CCM appliance is informed and the user is
denied CCM access. If the username and password are successfully validated on the RADIUS
server, the RADIUS server returns an attribute that indicates the access rights defined for
that username.
To use RADIUS authentication, you must specify information about the primary RADIUS server
and optionally, a secondary RADIUS server to be used as a backup.
The RADIUS server definition values specified in CCM appliance commands must match
corresponding values configured on the RADIUS server. On the RADIUS server, you must include
CCM appliance-specific information: the list of valid users and their access rights for the CCM
appliance. Each user-rights attribute in the RADIUS server’s dictionary must be specified as a
string containing the user’s access rights for the CCM appliance, exactly matching the syntax used
in the CCM User Add command.
Consult your RADIUS administrator’s manual for information about specifying users and their
attributes. The exact process depends on the RADIUS server you are using.
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You may optionally specify both RADIUS and local authentication, in either order. In this case,
authentication will be attempted initially on the first method specified. If that fails, the second
method will be used for authentication.
No authentication
When authentication is disabled, users are not authenticated. Telnet sessions to serial ports are
accepted immediately, and users are not prompted for a username or password. In this case, users
are granted access only to the port to which they are connected, including Break access.
Connections to the Telnet port (23), serial CLI and PPP are still authenticated using the local CCM
user database, even when authentication is expressly disabled. Generally, these communications
paths are used only by administrators, and authentication is enforced in order to establish
appropriate access rights.
Authentication may not be disabled when SSH session access is enabled.
Authentication summary
Table 3.4 indicates how authentication is performed according to the authentication method
specified and the type of connection to the CCM appliance.
Table 3.4: Authentication Method Summary
Mode
Connection Type and Authentication Action
Local
All sessions are authenticated using the CCM user database.
RADIUS
Telnet and SSH sessions are authenticated using RADIUS. Serial CLI sessions are
authenticated using the CCM user database.
Local,RADIUS
Telnet and SSH sessions are authenticated using the CCM user database. If that
fails, authentication uses RADIUS. Serial CLI sessions are authenticated using the
CCM user database.
RADIUS,Local
Telnet and SSH sessions are authenticated using RADIUS. If that fails,
authentication uses the CCM user database. Serial CLI connections are
authenticated using the CCM user database.
None
Telnet to serial port sessions use no authentication. Telnet CLI and serial CLI
sessions are authenticated using the CCM user database. This authentication mode
cannot be used for SSH connections.
To specify the authentication method:
1.
For RADIUS authentication, issue a Server RADIUS command.
SERVER RADIUS PRIMARY|SECONDARY IP=<radius_ip> SECRET=<secret> USERRIGHTS=<attr> [AUTHPORT=<udp>] [TIMEOUT=<time-out>] [RETRIES=<retry>]
You must specify the server’s IP address, the UDP port to be used and a “secret” to be used.
You must also specify a user-rights attribute value that matches a value in the RADIUS
server’s dictionary.
Chapter 3: Operations
25
You may also use this command to delete a RADIUS server definition.
SERVER RADIUS PRIMARY|SECONDARY DELETE
For more information, see Server RADIUS command on page 52.
2.
Issue a Server Security command, using the Authentication parameter to specify the authentication method. Use the Encrypt parameter to enable plain text Telnet connections, SSH connections or both.
SERVER SECURITY AUTHENTICATION=<auth> ENCRYPT=<conns>
You may optionally specify both RADIUS and local authentication, in either order. In tis case,
authentication will be attempted initially on the first method specified. If that fails, the second
method will be used for authentication.
When SSH session access is enabled, you must specify an authentication method other
than None.
3.
You are prompted to save the information. Enter Y to confirm or N to cancel.
To display authentication configuration information:
1.
Issue a Show Server Security command.
SHOW SERVER SECURITY
The display includes the current CCM appliance authentication settings that were configured
with the Server Security command. If SSH access has been enabled, the display indicates
SSH2. Regardless of whether SSH is enabled, the display includes the authentication method
specified with the Server SSH command.
2.
To display CCM RADIUS settings that were configured with the Server RADIUS command,
issue a Show Server RADIUS command.
SHOW SERVER RADIUS
For more information, see Server Security command on page 53, Show Server Security command
on page 62, Show Server RADIUS command on page 62 and Connecting to devices using SSH on
page 15.
Using security lock-out
When the security lock-out feature is enabled, a user account will be locked-out after five
consecutive authentication failures. A successful authentication will reset the counter to zero. You
may configure a lock-out period of 1-99 hours. A lock-out period of zero disables the feature; that
is, user accounts will not be locked-out.
A locked account will remain locked until the specified time elapses, the CCM appliance is powercycled or the account is unlocked by an administrator with the User Unlock command. A user with
the ADMIN access level may unlock all users except a user with the APPLIANCEADMIN level. A
user with the APPLIANCEADMIN level may unlock all users.
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To enable or disable security lock-out:
1.
To enable security lock-out, issue a Server Security command, using the Lockout parameter
with a value between 1-99.
2.
To disable security lock-out, issue a Server Security command, using the Lockout=0 parameter.
To unlock a locked-out user:
Issue a User Unlock command with the username.
Managing the Port History Buffer
Each CCM appliance serial port has a circular history buffer that contains the latest 64K bytes of
data received from the attached serial device. This information may be helpful in analyzing
attached device anomalies.
The history buffer begins filling with received data upon completion of CCM appliance
initialization, even if no user is connected. When you connect to a serial port, the data that was
received from the attached serial device prior to the connection is available in the buffer. Once
online, new data continues to be stored in the buffer. You may choose whether to display the
history buffer’s content automatically when you connect and whether to keep or discard the history
buffer’s content at the end of a session.
When more than 64K bytes of data are sent to the history buffer, data at the top of the buffer is
discarded to make room for the new data. As a result, the buffer always contains the most recent
64K bytes of port history.
Using port history mode commands
Once you are in port history mode, you may issue the commands listed in Table 3.5. Only the first
letter of the command is required.
Table 3.5: Port History Mode Commands
Command Description
Bottom
B sets the view location to the bottom of the file minus 23 history display lines, if available.
Clear
C clears the port history buffer.
Next
N increments the current history display line by the number of lines per page and outputs a new
history display page.
Prev
P decrements the current history display line by the number of lines per page and outputs a new
history display page.
Quit
Q returns to the normal CLI.
Resume
R leaves port history mode and CLI mode and resumes the session with the attached serial
device. This single command is equivalent to sequentially using the Quit and Resume commands.
Chapter 3: Operations
27
Table 3.5: Port History Mode Commands (Continued)
Command Description
Search
S searches the port history buffer for a specified text string. Search strings with embedded spaces
must be enclosed in quotes.
By default, the search is case sensitive. To ignore case, enter -i before the string. To specify
direction, type -u to search up from the current line toward the top of the buffer or -d to search
down from the current line toward the bottom of the buffer. The search direction remains in effect
for subsequent searches until you change the search direction.
If the string is found, the current history display line is set to the line containing the string, and the
unit outputs a history display page. If the string is not found, an error message is displayed, no
other information is output and the current history display line is not changed.
Entering the Search command with no parameters searches again for the previous string in the
same direction as the previous search.
Top
T sets the current history display line to one and outputs a history display page.
The following examples assume the user is in port history mode.
The following command searches the history buffer in the upward direction for the string
Abort Process.
PORT HISTORY> s -u “Abort Process”
The following command searches the history buffer for the string Process, ignoring case.
PORT HISTORY> s -i Process
For more information, see Server CLI command on page 49 and Port History command on page 44.
To access port history mode:
Issue a Port History command.
PORT HISTORY
The PORT HISTORY > prompt appears.
To control the port history buffer display when you connect:
Issue a Server CLI command, using the History parameter to specify the Hold or Auto option:
SERVER CLI HISTORY=HOLD|AUTO
•
If Hold is specified, the number of bytes in the history buffer is displayed, but none of the history data is output. In this case, you must access the CLI and use the Port History command to
view the port’s history buffer content. This is the default mode.
•
If Auto is specified, the number of bytes in the history buffer is displayed and the entire content of the buffer is output to the Telnet session. In this mode, the history buffer’s content may
be reviewed in the Telnet client’s scrolling window. You may also use the Port History command to view the port’s history buffer content.
To control the port history buffer content when you end a session:
Issue a Server CLI command, using the History parameter to specify the Clear or Keep option:
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SERVER CLI HISTORY=CLEAR|KEEP
•
If Clear is specified, the port history buffer is cleared and all data is discarded at the end of
a session.
•
If Keep is specified, the port history buffer’s content is retained at the end of a session.
To clear and discard all data in a port history buffer:
Issue a Clear command while you are in port history mode.
CLEAR
- or Issue a Server CLI command, indicating History=Clear.
SERVER CLI HISTORY=CLEAR
In this case, the port’s history buffer is cleared at the end of each device session.
Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP
The CCM console management appliance provides a set of commands that create and manage
SNMP structures for use by third party network management products. These commands cover the
following operations:
•
Enabling and disabling SNMP UDP port 161 SNMP processing
•
Defining read, write and trap community names
•
Defining and deleting up to four SNMP management entity IP addresses
•
Enabling and disabling SNMP traps
•
Defining and deleting up to four trap destination IP addresses
•
Defining, copying and deleting up to ten alert strings for each port
By default, SNMP is enabled but no traps are enabled and no trap destinations are defined.
To enable or disable SNMP processing:
1.
To enable SNMP processing, issue a Server SNMP command with the Enable parameter. This
is the default setting.
SERVER SNMP ENABLE
2.
To disable SNMP processing, issue a Server SNMP command with the Disable parameter.
SERVER SNMP DISABLE
For more information, see Server SNMP command on page 55.
To specify SNMP community names:
Issue a Server SNMP Community command, using the Readcomm, Writecomm and Trapcomm
parameters to specify community names.
Chapter 3: Operations
29
NOTE: The default community names are “public”; if you enable SNMP, you are encouraged to change the
community values to prevent access to the MIB.
SERVER SNMP COMMUNITY READCOMM=<name> WRITECOMM=<name>
TRAPCOMM=<name>
Although all three community names default to public, if you specify a trap community name with
this command, it must be different from the read and write community names.
For more information, see Server SNMP Community command on page 55.
To add or delete SNMP management entity addresses:
1.
To add an SNMP management entity address, issue a Server SNMP Manager command with
the Add parameter and the management entity’s IP address. You may define up to four SNMP
management entity addresses, using separate commands.
SERVER SNMP MANAGER ADD <ip_address>
When you define at least one SNMP manager, SNMP requests are processed if they are from
one of the defined SNMP managers. If a request is not from one of the defined SNMP
managers, the SNMP request is discarded.
2.
To delete an SNMP management entity address, issue a Server SNMP Manager command with
the Delete parameter and the management entity’s IP address.
SERVER SNMP MANAGER DELETE <ip_address>
If no management entities are defined, any SNMP manager may access the MIB. For more
information, see Server SNMP Manager command on page 56.
To enable or disable SNMP traps:
1.
To enable SNMP traps, issue a Server SNMP Trap command with the Enable parameter.
SERVER SNMP TRAP ENABLE
The CCM appliance will display a numbered list of traps that are currently disabled with a
prompt requesting you to select trap(s) to enable. Indicate the traps to be enabled by entering a
trap’s list number, several numbers separated by commas, a range of numbers separated by a
dash or a combination of numbers with commas and dashes. To enable all traps, type ALL. To
cancel the command, press Enter.
- or To enable all SNMP traps, issue a Server SNMP Trap command with the Enable and All
parameters. In this case, the numbered list is not displayed.
SERVER SNMP TRAP ENABLE ALL
2.
To disable SNMP traps, issue a Server SNMP Trap command with the Disable parameter.
SERVER SNMP TRAP DISABLE
The CCM appliance will display a numbered list of traps that are currently enabled with a
prompt requesting you to select trap(s) to disable. Indicate the traps to be disabled by entering
a trap’s list number, several numbers separated by commas, a range of numbers separated by a
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dash or a combination of numbers with commas and dashes. To disable all traps, type ALL. To
cancel the command, press Enter.
- or To disable all SNMP traps, issue a Server SNMP Trap command with the Disable and All
parameters. In this case, the numbered list is not displayed.
SERVER SNMP TRAP DISABLE ALL
For more information, see Server SNMP Trap command on page 56 and Supported Traps on
page 78.
To add or delete SNMP trap destination addresses:
1.
To add an SNMP trap destination address, issue a Server SNMP Trap Destination command
with the Add parameter and the destination’s IP address. You may define up to four destination
addresses, using separate commands.
SERVER SNMP TRAP DESTINATION ADD <ip_address>
2.
To delete an SNMP trap destination address, issue a Server SNMP Trap Destination command
with the Delete parameter and the destination’s IP address.
SERVER SNMP TRAP DESTINATION DELETE <ip_address>
For more information, see Server SNMP Trap Destination command on page 57.
To add, copy or delete port alert strings:
1.
To add a port alert string, issue a Port Alert Add command, specifying the port number and a 332 character string. You may define up to ten strings for each port, using separate commands.
The alert string will only generate a trap if the PortAlert trap is enabled with a Server SNMP
Trap command.
PORT <port> ALERT ADD “<string>”
2.
To delete a port alert string, issue a Port Alert Delete command, specifying a port number.
PORT <port> ALERT DELETE
The CCM appliance displays a numbered list of alert strings that have been defined for the
specified port with a prompt requesting you to select alert string(s) to delete. Indicate the alert
strings to be deleted by entering an alert string’s list number, several numbers separated by
commas, a range of numbers separated by a dash or a combination of numbers with commas
and dashes. To delete all alert strings, type ALL. To cancel the command, press Enter.
3.
To copy the defined alert strings from one port to another port, issue a Port Alert Copy command, specifying the port numbers to be copied to and from.
PORT <to_port> ALERT COPY <from_port>
At the confirmation prompt, press Y to confirm or N to cancel. When the copy operation
occurs, all previously defined strings on the port being copied to will be replaced.
For more information, see Port Alert Add command on page 43, Port Alert Copy command on
page 43 and Port Alert Delete command on page 44.
Chapter 3: Operations
To display SNMP configuration information:
Issue a Show Server SNMP command.
SHOW SERVER SNMP
The display includes information specified with the Server SNMP, Server SNMP Community,
Server SNMP Manager, Server SNMP Trap and Server SNMP Trap Destination commands.
For more information, see Show Server SNMP command on page 63.
To display port alert string information:
Issue a Show Port Alert command, specifying a port number.
SHOW PORT <port> ALERT
The display lists all the port’s defined alert strings.
For more information, see Show Port Alert command on page 60.
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CHAPTER
4
Using CCM Appliance Commands
Accessing the CLI
You may access the CLI in three ways: using the Telnet CLI, using the console port or entering the
CLI access character during a session to a serial device. When the CLI is accessed, its prompt
appears (>), indicating you may type a command.
Entering Commands
At the command prompt, type a command and then press Return or Enter. When the key is
pressed, the command line comprises all characters to the left of the cursor. The character at the
cursor and any characters to the right of the cursor are ignored. Table 4.1 lists the line editing
operations for VT100 compatible devices.
Table 4.1: Line Editing Operations for VT100 Compatible Devices
Operation
Action
Backspace
The character immediately before the cursor is erased and all text at and to the right of the
cursor moves one character to the left.
Left Arrow
If the cursor is not at the beginning of the line, the cursor moves one character to the left. If the
cursor is at the beginning of the line, no action is taken.
Right Arrow
If the cursor is not at the end of the line, the cursor moves one character to the right. If the
cursor is at the end of the line, no action is taken.
Up Arrow
The CLI maintains a buffer containing the last 16 typed command lines. If there is a previous
command line, it will be output as the current command line and may be edited. If there is no
previous command line in the command line buffer, the command line is set to blanks and you
may enter a new command.
Down Arrow
The next command in the CLI command line buffer is made available for edit. If there is no
next command line, the command line is set to blanks and you may enter a new command.
Delete
The character at the cursor position is deleted and all characters to the right of the cursor
position are moved left one character.
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Table 4.2 lists the line editing operations for ASCII TTY devices. There is no command line buffer
available on an ASCII TTY device.
Table 4.2: Line Editing Operations for ASCII TTY Devices
Operation
Action
Backspace
Erases the last character typed.
Esc
Erases the current command line.
When commands take effect
Each command is completely processed before the next command may be entered. Some
commands prompt for confirmation before they are processed. In these cases, you must confirm or
cancel by entering Y or N respectively.
If you enter a Server FLASH command or if you change the CCM appliance IP address with a Server
Set command, a reboot is required before the change becomes effective. In these cases, the CCM
database is updated when you enter the command and you are prompted that the change will not take
effect until the CCM appliance reboots. You may choose to reboot at that time, or you may decline.
When the unit reboots, your session and all other sessions on the CCM appliance are terminated.
Understanding Conventions
This section describes the parts of a CCM appliance command and the conventions used in this
document to describe a command’s syntax.
Command syntax
A command may have four types of syntax: positional commands, positional parameters, keyword
parameters and keyword values. The following examples demonstrate the syntax types.
The following Set Port command changes the baud rate and flow control settings for port 2.
> PORT 2 SET BAUD=57600 FLOW=XONXOF
Table 4.3: Command Syntax Types in Example Command
Value
Syntax
PORT
Positional command.
2
Positional parameter that indicates the port number for the command.
SET
Positional command that indicates port settings are to be changed.
BAUD
Keyword parameter, which is always followed by an equal (=) sign.
57600
Keyword value indicating the baud rate value for the BAUD keyword parameter.
FLOW
Keyword parameter, which is always followed by an equal (=) sign.
Chapter 4: Using CCM Appliance Commands
35
Table 4.3: Command Syntax Types in Example Command (Continued)
Value
Syntax
XONXOF
Keyword value.
Not every command will contain all syntax types. For example, the following command reboots the
CCM appliance.
>SERVER REBOOT
In this case, both SERVER and REBOOT are positional commands.
In most cases, one or more spaces separate positional commands, positional parameters and
keyword parameters.
For most positional commands, positional parameters or keyword parameters, you only need to
enter the first three characters. The exceptions are:
•
When you specify a terminal type with the Type parameter in the Server CLI command, you
must enter all characters.
•
When you specify an authentication method with the Auth parameter in the Server SSH command, you must enter all characters.
•
When you specify control signal monitoring with the Power parameter in the Port Set command, you must enter all characters.
•
When you specify the console port in commands such as Port Set and Show Port, you must
enter the capitalized abbreviation CON.
With the exception of usernames and passwords, commands are not case sensitive; they may be
entered in uppercase, lowercase or a combination. For example, all of the following commands
are correct.
>
>
>
>
PORT 2 SET BAUD=57600 FLOW=XON
POR 2 SET BAU=57600 FLOW=XON
por 2 Set Baud=57600 flow=xon
port 2 set baud=57600 flow=xon
NOTE: Usernames and passwords are case sensitive. These values are stored exactly as you enter them. For
example, the username “Ann” must be entered with an uppercase “A” and all other letters lowercase. The
username “ANN” will not be accepted as the username “Ann.” Usernames and passwords must contain 3-16
alphanumeric characters.
Any syntax errors are displayed, and where applicable, the error is underlined.
In the following example, the keyword parameter “baud” is misspelled. Even if more than three
characters are entered, they must all be correct.
> port 2 Set Baux=57600 flow=xon
---ERR 26 - SET keyword parameter invalid
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In the following example, the keyword value “576” is not valid. Numeric keyword values must be
fully specified and may not be shortened to three characters.
> POR 2 SET BAUD=576 FLOW=XON
--ERR 27 - SET keyword value invalid
In the following example, there are spaces between BAUD, the equal sign and the value 57600.
Spaces are not permitted between keyword parameters and their values.
> POR 2 SET BAUD = 57600 FLOW=XON
-----------ERR 26 - SET keyword parameter invalid
Syntax conventions
This manual uses the following command syntax conventions:
•
Brackets [ ] surround optional keywords and values.
•
Angle brackets < > surround user-supplied positional parameters and keyword parameter values.
•
In most cases, choices are separated by a vertical bar |. The description indicates if you may
specify more than one of the choices and how to separate multiple values. The exception is the
Server SSH command. In this case, the vertical bar is specified on the command line when you
wish to enable the “password or key” method (PW|KEY) or the “key or password”
method (KEY|PW).
Command Summary
Table 4.4 lists the CCM appliance commands, including a brief description plus the required access
rights and level.
Table 4.4: CCM Appliance Command Summary
Command
Description, Access Right and Access Level
Connect
Accesses devices from the console port.
Access right: port-specific
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN (Users who do not have the ADMIN or
APPLIANCEADMIN level must have the appropriate port access configured to issue
this command.)
Disconnect
Ends a device session initiated with Connect command.
Access right: port-specific
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN (Users who do not have the ADMIN or
APPLIANCEADMIN level must have the appropriate port access configured to issue
this command.)
Help
Displays information about commands.
Access right: none needed
Access level: all
Chapter 4: Using CCM Appliance Commands
Table 4.4: CCM Appliance Command Summary (Continued)
Command
Description, Access Right and Access Level
Port Alert Add
Adds a port alert string.
Access right: SCON or PCON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Port Alert Copy
Copies a port’s alert strings to another port.
Access right: SCON or PCON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Port Alert Delete
Deletes one or more port alert strings.
Access right: SCON or PCON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Port Break
Sends a break signal to the attached device.
Access right: BREAK
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Port History
Accesses the port history buffer.
Access right: none needed
Access level: all
Port Logout
Terminates the CCM session on a specified port.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Port Set
Changes port settings.
Access right: SCON or PCON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Quit
Terminates the current CCM session.
Access right: none needed
Access level: all
Resume
Resumes device connection after being in CLI mode.
Access right: none needed
Access level: all
Server CLI
Specifies the console port type, CLI access character; enables/disables device
connection from the console port; specifies a modem initialization string; specifies
port history mode operations and a port time-out value.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server FLASH
Updates the unit’s FLASH.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server PPP
Enables/disables a PPP server on the console port.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
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Table 4.4: CCM Appliance Command Summary (Continued)
Command
Description, Access Right and Access Level
Server RADIUS
Specifies RADIUS server parameters.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server Reboot
Reboots the unit.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server Security
Specifies the user authentication mode, enables/disables security lock-out and
connection methods.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server Set
Changes the CCM appliance network configuration.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server SNMP
Enables/disables UDP port 161 SNMP processing.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server SNMP
Community
Defines read, write and trap SNMP community strings.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server SNMP Manager
Defines/deletes SNMP management entities.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server SNMP Trap
Enables/disables SNMP traps.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server SNMP Trap
Destination
Defines/deletes destinations for enabled SNMP traps.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Server SSH
Enables/disables SSH session access to the CCM appliance and specifies the SSH
authentication method.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Show Port
Displays port configuration information and statistics.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Show Port Alert
Displays a port’s alert strings.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Chapter 4: Using CCM Appliance Commands
39
Table 4.4: CCM Appliance Command Summary (Continued)
Command
Description, Access Right and Access Level
Show Server
Displays CCM appliance configuration, statistics and session information.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Show Server CLI
Displays information specified with the Server CLI command.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Show Server PPP
Displays PPP settings.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Show Server RADIUS
Displays RADIUS settings.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Show Server Security
Displays authentication and lock-out settings.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Show Server SNMP
Displays SNMP configuration information.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Show User
Displays user configuration and session information.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
SPC
Changes SPC port settings.
Access right: SCON or PCON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
User Add
Adds a new user.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
User Delete
Deletes a user.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
User Logout
Terminates a user’s session.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN OR APPLIANCEADMIN (An ADMIN level user may issue this
command for users with any level other than APPLIANCEADMIN.)
User Set
Changes a user’s configuration information.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
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Table 4.4: CCM Appliance Command Summary (Continued)
Command
Description, Access Right and Access Level
User Unlock
Unlocks a locked-out user.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN (An ADMIN level user may issue this
command for users with any level other than APPLIANCEADMIN.)
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CHAPTER
CCM Appliance Commands
5
Connect Command
The Connect command establishes a connection from the CCM console management appliance
console port to a device attached to another port on that CCM appliance. To use this command, you
must have previously issued a Server CLI command with the Connect=On parameter. For more
information, see Connecting to Serial Devices on page 12.
Access right: port-specific
Access level: ADMIN, APPLIANCEADMIN or others with access to port
Syntax
CONNECT <port>
Table 5.1: Connect Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<port>
Port number in the range 1-48.
Example
The following command establishes a connection from the serial console port to port 6.
> connect 6
Disconnect Command
The Disconnect command terminates a session with a serial device that was previously initiated
with a Connect command. This command frees the serial port and allows other users to access it.
Access right: port-specific
Access level: ADMIN, APPLIANCEADMIN or others with access to port
Syntax
DISCONNECT
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Help Command
The Help command displays information about CCM appliance commands.
Access right: none needed
Access level: none needed
Syntax
HELP [<command_name>]
Table 5.2: Help Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<command_name>
Command name.
Default: Displays list of all commands
Examples
The following command displays information about the Show Server CLI command.
help sho ser cli
The following command displays a list of all commands.
help
Port Commands
The Port command has several forms, as listed in Table 5.3.
Table 5.3: Port Command Summary
Command
Description
Port Alert Add
Adds a port alert string to a specified port.
Port Alert Copy
Copies port alert strings from one port to another port.
Port Alert Delete
Deletes one or more port alert strings from a specified port.
Port Break
Sends a serial break signal to the attached device.
Port History
Accesses a port’s history mode.
Port Logout
Terminates the CCM session on a specified port.
Port Set
Changes CCM serial port settings for one or all ports.
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
43
Port Alert Add command
The Port Alert Add command adds a port alert string to a specified port. Each port may have up to
ten port alert strings. Duplicate strings are not allowed on the same port. To generate a trap, the
Server SNMP Trap command must be issued to enable the PortAlert trap. For more information,
see Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP on page 28.
Access right: SCON or PCON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
PORT <port> ALERT ADD “<string>”
Table 5.4: Port Alert Add Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
<port>
Port number in the range 1-48.
<string>
3-32 character string. If the string contains embedded spaces, it must be enclosed in
quotation marks.
Port Alert Copy command
The Port Alert Copy command copies the alert strings from one port (from_port) to another
(to_port). Any alert strings that were previously defined on the to_port will be deleted. When you
enter this command, you are prompted to confirm or cancel the copy operation.
For more information, see Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP on page 28.
Access right: SCON or PCON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
PORT <to_port> ALERT COPY <from_port>
Table 5.5: Port Alert Copy Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
<to_port>
Port number where alert strings will be copied, in the range 1-48.
<from_port>
Port number from which alert strings will be copied, in the range 1-48.
Example
The following command copies the alert strings defined on port 1 to port 17, replacing any
previously defined alert strings on port 17.
port 17 alert copy 1
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Port Alert Delete command
The Port Alert Delete command deletes one or more alert strings from a port. When you issue this
command, a numbered list of defined alert strings is displayed, from which you choose those to be
deleted. You may enter one or more numbers separated by commas, a range of numbers separated
by a hyphen or type ALL to specify all strings. Pressing Enter cancels the command.
For more information, see Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP on page 28.
Access right: SCON or PCON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
PORT <port> ALERT DELETE
Table 5.6: Port Alert Delete Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<port>
Port number in the range 1-48.
Example
The following command deletes defined alert strings from port 26.
> PORT 26 ALERT DELETE
Alert-strings assigned to port 26:
1) The first alert string
2) The second alert string
3) The third alert string
4) The fourth alert string
Select Alert-string(s) to delete>
The alert string numbers specified at the prompt will be deleted.
Port Break command
The Port Break command sends a serial break signal to the device to which you are attached.
Access right: BREAK
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
PORT BREAK
Port History command
The Port History command accesses a serial port’s history mode while you are attached to the port.
When you are in history mode, the PORT HISTORY> prompt appears, and you may search the
port’s history buffer for specified strings.
For more information, see Managing the Port History Buffer on page 26.
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
45
Access right: none needed
Access level: all
Syntax
PORT HISTORY
When you are in port history mode, you may issue the commands listed in Table 3.5 on page 26.
Examples
The following command accesses the serial port’s history mode.
> port history
In history mode, the following command searches the history buffer in the downward direction for
the string “connected to,” ignoring case.
PORT HISTORY > s -d -i “connected to”
Port Logout command
The Port Logout command terminates the CCM appliance session on a specified port.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
PORT <port> LOGOUT
Table 5.7: Port Logout Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<port>
Port number in the range 1-48.
Port Set command
The Port Set command changes serial port settings in the CCM configuration database. At least one
keyword parameter and value must be specified. Some changes become effective upon the next
connection to the port.
For more information, see Configuring Serial Port Settings on page 11.
Access right: SCON or PCON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
PORT [<port>|ALL] SET
[TD=<device>] [NAME=<name>] [BAUD=<baud>] [SIZE=<size>] [PARITY=<parity>]
[STOP=<stopbits>] [FLOW=<signal>] [TIMEOUT=<time-out>] [SOCKET=<socket>]
[CHAR=^<cli_char>] [TOGGLE=NONE|DTR] [POWER=<signal>]
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Table 5.8: Port Set Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
<port>
A port number in the range 1-48, a range of port numbers separated by a dash,
multiple port numbers separated by commas or CON.
Default = port to which you are attached
ALL
Indicates that the port settings that follow should be applied to all ports except the
console port.
TD=<device>
Target device type. Valid values are Console and SPC. The SPC value is reserved
for future functionality.
Default = Console
NAME=<name>
Port name, up to 32 characters. If the name contains spaces, enclose the name in
double quotes. To return a port name to its default value (last three octets of the
MAC address plus the port number), specify Name=“”.
Default = last 3 octets of MAC address plus the port number
BAUD=<baud>
Baud rate. Valid values are: 75, 110, 134, 150, 200. 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800,
7200, 9600, 14400, 19200, 28800, 38400, 57600 and 115200.
Default: = 9600
SIZE=<size>
Number of data bits per character. Valid values are 7 and 8.
Default = 8
PARITY=<parity>
Parity. Valid values are:
None
No parity.
Even
Even parity.
Odd
Odd parity.
Mark
Mark parity.
Space
Space parity.
Default = None
STOP=<stopbits>
Number of stop bits per character. Valid values are 1 and 2.
Default = 1
FLOW=<signal>
Flow control signal. For hardware flow control, be sure the control signals are
correctly wired, or data loss may occur. The flow control signal cannot also be used
for power status monitoring. Valid values are:
XONXOF
Software XON/XOFF flow control.
RTSCTS
Hardware RTS/CTS flow control.
DTRDCD
Hardware DTR/DCD flow control.
None
No flow control.
Default = None
TIMEOUT=<time-out>
Number of time-out minutes in the range 0-90. If no data is received or transmitted
during a Telnet session for the specified period, the session will time-out. A zero
value indicates no time-out. The new value does not affect an active session; it takes
effect in subsequent sessions. This value overrides the time-out value set with a
Server CLI command.
Default = use value set with Server CLI command
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
47
Table 5.8: Port Set Command Parameters (Continued)
Parameter
Description
SOCKET=<socket>
TCP port that must be entered on the Telnet client to connect to this serial port. The
new value becomes effective in subsequent sessions.
When SSH is enabled, the CCM appliance automatically adds 100 to the
specified value.
When All is specified, port 1 will be assigned the specified socket value plus 1, port 2
will be assigned the specified value plus 2, and so on. When All is specified and SSH
is enabled, port 1 will be assigned the specified socket value plus 101, port 2 will be
assigned the specified value plus 102, and so on.
When both plain text Telnet and SSH connections are enabled, the +100 value will
not appear in displays.
Default = 3000 plus the port number, 3100 plus the port number if SSH is enabled;
see above for action taken if All is specified
CHAR=^<cli_char>
CLI access character in the range A to _ (underscore) or None. (The allowable ASCII
range is 0x41-0x5F and 0x61-0x7A.) The CLI access character, when pressed
simultaneously with the Ctrl key during a session with an attached serial device, will
suspend the session with the device and place you in CLI command mode. If None is
specified, the value specified in the Char parameter of the Server CLI command will
be used.
Default = None
TOGGLE=NONE|DTR
When set to DTR, the CCM appliance will toggle the port’s DTR-out signal off for 1/2
second each time a connection is made to the port. This toggle is required to awaken
the console port of some devices.
Default = None
POWER=<signal>
Control signal to monitor and the state that indicates the target device has power on.
The entire value must be specified; abbreviations are not allowed. The power status
monitoring signal cannot also be used for flow control. Valid values are:
None
Disables power status monitoring.
HICTS
CTS high indicates power on.
LOCTS CTS low indicates power on.
HIDCD DCD high indicates power on.
LODCD DCD low indicates power on.
HIDSR DSR high indicates power on.
LODSR DSR low indicates power on.
Default = None
Example
The following command sets a baud rate of 57600 and enables XON/XOFF flow control on port 2.
> port 2 set baud=57600 flow=xonxof
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Quit Command
The Quit command terminates the current CCM appliance session and terminates your Telnet
connection to the unit.
Access right: none needed
Access level: all
Syntax
QUIT
Resume Command
The Resume command exits the CLI and resumes your connection to the attached serial device.
The history buffer contains any data received while you were in CLI mode.
Access right: none needed
Access level: all
Syntax
RESUME
Server Commands
The Server command has several forms, as listed in Table 5.9.
Table 5.9: Server Command Summary
Command
Description
Server CLI
Specifies the console port type, CLI access character, modem initialization
string, port history mode operations and port time-out value. It also enables/
disables device connection from the console port.
Server FLASH
Updates the unit’s FLASH.
Server PPP
Enables/disables PPP connections to the console port.
Server RADIUS
Specifies RADIUS server parameters.
Server Reboot
Reboots the unit.
Server Security
Specifies user authentication method, enables/disables security lock-out and
enables/disables connection methods.
Server Set
Changes the CCM appliance network configuration.
Server SNMP
Enables/disables UDP port 161 SNMP processing.
Server SNMP Community
Defines read, write and trap SNMP community strings.
Server SNMP Manager
Defines/deletes SNMP management entities.
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
49
Table 5.9: Server Command Summary (Continued)
Command
Description
Server SNMP Trap
Enables/disables SNMP traps.
Server SNMP Trap
Destination
Defines/deletes destinations for enabled SNMP traps.
Server SSH
Enables/disables SSH session access to the CCM appliance and specifies the
SSH authentication method.
Server CLI command
The Server CLI command:
•
Specifies the console port type
•
Specifies the CLI access character
•
Enables or disables device connection from the console port
•
Specifies a modem initialization string
•
Specifies port history mode operations
•
Specifies a port time-out value
At least one parameter must be specified.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER CLI [TYPE=<type>] [CHAR=^<char>] [CONNECT=ON|OFF]
[HISTORY=HOLD|AUTO,CLEAR|KEEP] [MODEMINIT=“<string>”]
[TIMEOUT=<time-out>]
Table 5.10: Server CLI Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
TYPE=<type>
Terminal type to be used on the console port. The entire name of the type must
be specified; abbreviations are not permitted. Valid types are: ASCII, VT52,
VT100, VT102, VT220 and VT320.
Default: ASCII
CHAR=^<char>
CLI access character in the range A through _ (underscore). (The allowable
ASCII range is 0x41-0x5F and 0x61-0x7A.) The CLI access character, when
pressed simultaneously with the Ctrl key during a session with an attached
serial device, will suspend the session with the device and place you in CLI
command mode. This value will be used if a port’s Port Set command contains a
Char=None parameter.
Default = ^d
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Table 5.10: Server CLI Command Parameters (Continued)
Parameter
Description
CONNECT=ON|OFF
Enables or disables the ability to use the Connect command from the console
port. When enabled, a console port user may use the Connect command to
establish a connection to the serial device attached to another CCM appliance
serial port. When disabled, you cannot use the Connect command from the
console port.
Default = ON
Port history file processing options during connection (Hold or Auto) and when a
session ends (Clear or Keep):
Hold
Upon connection you are informed of how much data is in the history
buffer, but the data is not displayed.
Upon connection you are informed of how much data is in the history
HISTORY=HOLD|AUTO, Auto
buffer, and it is then displayed.
CLEAR|KEEP
Clear
The history buffer’s content is cleared when a session ends.
Keep
The history buffer’s content is retained when a session ends.
You cannot specify both Clear and Keep or both Hold and Auto.
Default = HOLD,CLEAR
MODEMINIT=“<string>”
Modem initialization string, enclosed in quotation marks. Must contain at least
ATV1 and S0=1.
Default = “” (no modem is attached to the console port)
TIMEOUT=<time-out>
Number of time-out minutes in the range 0-90. If no data is received or
transmitted during a Telnet session for the specified period, the session will timeout. A zero value indicates no time-out. This value is used for any CCM port that
does not have a time-out value set with the Port Set command, during a Telnet
session to port 23 or an SSH session to port 22.
Default = 15 minutes
Server FLASH command
The Server FLASH command updates the CCM appliance program images in FLASH memory. You
may wish to use this command to update the program with new features or to install a later release.
There are two program images that you may update in the CCM appliance FLASH. The boot image
file (ccm50bt.img) contains the CCM appliance startup and self-test logic. The application image
(ccm50app.img) contains the program that provides CCM appliance functionality.
You will need a TFTP server. Download the latest FLASH image from the Equinox web site,
www.equinox.com, and save the image file to the appropriate directory on the TFTP server.
NOTE: Powering down a system in the middle of a boot FLASH update may render the unit inoperable. To
update the bootstrap, it is recommended that the unit be placed on a UPS under controlled conditions to avoid
interruption of the boot FLASH update process.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
51
Syntax
SERVER FLASH BOOT|APP HOSTIP=<tftp_add> IMAGE=<host_file>
Table 5.11: Server FLASH Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
BOOT|APP
Indicates either the boot image should be updated or the application image should
be updated.
HOSTIP=<tftp_add>
IP address of TFTP server host.
IMAGE=<host_file>
Name of file on TFTP server host containing the image file.
Example
The following command updates the boot image program using the image file name
c:\winnt\system32\drivers\ccm50bt.img, which is located on the TFTP server host located at
192.168.1.16.
> ser fla app hostip=192.168.1.16
c:\winnt\system32\drivers\ima=ccm50bt.img
Server PPP command
The Server PPP command enables or disables the PPP server on the console port. For more
information and requirements, see Connecting to devices using PPP on page 15 and Configuring
and using dial-in connections on page 14.
Once the PPP server has been configured with this command by specifying the required addresses
and masks, those values remain in the database. Later, if you disable the PPP server and wish to
reenable it with the same addresses, you don’t need to specify the address values again.
When you enter this command, you are prompted to confirm or cancel the specified changes.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER PPP DISABLE|ENABLE
[LOCALIP=<local_ip>] [REMOTEIP=<rem_ip>] [MASK=<subnet>]
Table 5.12: Server PPP Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
DISABLE|ENABLE
Disables or enables the PPP server.
LOCALIP=<local_ip>
IP address to be used to connect the CCM appliance over the PPP connection. Must
be on same subnet as REMOTEIP address.
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Table 5.12: Server PPP Command Parameters (Continued)
Parameter
Description
REMOTEIP=<rem_ip>
IP address to assign to the PPP client end of the PPP connection. Must be on same
subnet as LOCALIP address.
MASK=<subnet>
Subnet mask for the PPP dial-in client.
Examples
The following command enables the PPP server with a local IP address of 192.168.0.1, a remote IP
address of 192.168.0.2 and a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0.
> ser ppp ena loc=192.168.0.1 rem=192.168.0.2 mas=255.255.255.0
The following command enables the PPP server with previously configured IP and subnet mask
values. This form of the command would not be valid unless the IP and subnet mask values had
been previously configured.
> server ppp enable
Server RADIUS command
The Server RADIUS command defines or deletes RADIUS parameters for the CCM RADIUS
client. For more information, see RADIUS authentication on page 23.
When you enter this command, you are prompted to confirm or cancel the specified changes.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER RADIUS PRIMARY|SECONDARY
IP=<radius_ip> SECRET=<secret> USER-RIGHTS=<attr>
[AUTHPORT=<udp>] [TIMEOUT=<time-out>] [RETRIES=<retry>]
- or SERVER RADIUS PRIMARY|SECONDARY DELETE
Table 5.13: Server RADIUS Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
PRIMARY|
SECONDARY
Indicates either the primary RADIUS server or the secondary RADIUS server is
being defined or deleted.
IP=<radius_ip>
IP address of the RADIUS authentication server.
SECRET=<secret>
8-24 character text string for shared secret with the RADIUS server. Enclose the
string in quotes if it contains spaces.
USER-RIGHTS=<attr>
Attribute number defined on the RADIUS server, in the range 1-255.
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
53
Table 5.13: Server RADIUS Command Parameters (Continued)
Parameter
Description
AUTHPORT=<udp>
UDP port for RADIUS authentication server, in the range 1-65535. This value is
usually 1645, but may be 1812.
Default = 1645
TIMEOUT=<time-out>
Number of seconds to wait for a response from the RADIUS server, in the range 1-60.
Default = 5
RETRIES = <retry>
Number of attempts to make to authenticate a user after a time-out, in the range 1-10.
Default = 3
DELETE
Deletes the RADIUS server definition.
Examples
The following command specifies primary RADIUS server information; default values will be used
for the UDP port, time-out and retries values.
> ser radius primary ip=192.168.0.200 secret=ThePrimaryRadSecret userrights=86
The following command deletes the primary RADIUS server definition.
> ser radius primary del
Server Reboot command
The Server Reboot command reboots the CCM appliance. During a reboot, any active Telnet
sessions, including your own, are terminated, and all users are informed accordingly. Any
configuration changes that require a reboot will become effective when the reboot completes.
When you enter this command, you are prompted to confirm or cancel the reboot.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER REBOOT
Server Security command
The Server Security command specifies the authentication method, enables/disables access
methods and enables/disables security lock-out. For more information, see Using Authentication
Methods on page 23, Enabling plain text Telnet and SSH connections on page 18 and Using
security lock-out on page 25.
When you enter this command, you are prompted to confirm or cancel the specified information.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
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Syntax
SERVER SECURITY [AUTHENTICATION=<auth>] [ENCRYPT=<conns>]
[LOCKOUT=<hours>]
Table 5.14: Server Security Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
AUTHENTICATION=
<auth>
Authentication method. You may specify multiple values (other than None),
separated by commas. Valid values are:
LOCAL Use the local CCM user database to authenticate users.
RADIUS Use the previously defined RADIUS server(s) to authenticate users.
NONE
Do not authenticate users. This method cannot be used when SSH access
is enabled, and it cannot be combined with other authentication methods.
Default = LOCAL
ENCRYPT=<conns>
Enables/disables plain text Telnet or SSH connections. You may enable both by
specifying both values, separated by a comma. Valid values are:
SSH
Enables SSH connections.
None
Enables plain text Telnet connections.
Default = None
LOCKOUT=<hours>
Enables or disables security lock-out. To enable, specify the number of hours in the
lock-out period, in the range 1-99. To disable, specify a zero value.
Default = 0 (disabled)
Server Set command
The Server Set command changes CCM appliance address settings. You may specify one, two or
all three parameters. A reboot is required if you change the IP address.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER SET [IP=<ip_address>] [MASK=<subnet>] [GATEWAY=<gtwy>]
Table 5.15: Server Set Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
IP=<ip_address>
IP address.
MASK=<subnet>
Subnet mask for the subnet on which the CCM appliance resides.
GATEWAY=<gtwy>
IP address of default gateway for routing IP packets.
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
55
Server SNMP command
The Server SNMP command enables or disables SNMP UDP port 161 SNMP processing. When
you disable SNMP processing, you may still enable and disable traps with the Server SNMP
Trap command.
For more information, see Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP on page 28.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER SNMP ENABLE|DISABLE
Table 5.16: Server SNMP Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
ENABLE|DISABLE
Enables or disables SNMP processing.
Default = Enabled
Server SNMP Community command
The Server SNMP Community command defines read, write and trap SNMP community strings.
Community names are case sensitive.
NOTE: The default community names are “public”; if you enable SNMP, you are encouraged to change the
community values to prevent access to the MIB.
For more information, see Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP on page 28.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER SNMP COMMUNITY [READCOMM=<name>] [WRITECOMM=<name>]
[TRAPCOMM=<name>]
Table 5.17: Server SNMP Community Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
READCOMM=<name>
1-64 alphanumeric character read community name.
Default = public
WRITECOMM=<name>
1-64 alphanumeric character write community name.
Default = public
TRAPCOMM=<name>
1-64 alphanumeric character trap community name. If you specify this parameter,
the name must be different from the read and write community names.
Default = public
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Server SNMP Manager command
The Server SNMP Manager command defines or deletes SNMP management entities. You may
define up to four management entities. If you delete all SNMP managers (or never add any), the
CCM appliance may be accessed using SNMP from any IP address.
For more information, see Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP on page 28.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER SNMP MANAGER ADD|DELETE <ip_address>
Table 5.18: Server SNMP Manager Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
ADD|DELETE
Adds or deletes the specified SNMP management entity.
<ip_address>
IP address of SNMP management entity.
Example
The following command adds an SNMP management entity with the IP address of 192.168.0.1.
server snmp manager add 192.168.0.1
Server SNMP Trap command
The Server SNMP Trap command enables or disables SNMP traps. When you issue this command
with the Enable parameter, the CCM appliance displays a numbered list of all currently disabled
traps. When you issue this command with the Disable parameter, a numbered list of all currently
enabled traps is displayed.
You may indicate the traps to be enabled/disabled by entering a single number, several numbers
separated by commas, a range of numbers separated by a dash or a combinations of numbers
separated by commas and dashes. You may also type ALL to select all traps in the list or press
Enter, which cancels the operation.
If you specify ALL on the command line, the numbered list is not displayed.
If you enable a trap but there is no trap destination configured for it, a warning will be issued. In
this case, issue a Server SNMP Trap Destination command.
NOTE: By default, all traps are disabled. The PortAlert trap must be enabled for port alert processing to be performed.
For more information, see Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP on page 28 and Supported
Traps on page 78.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
57
Syntax
SERVER SNMP TRAP [ENABLE|DISABLE] [ALL]
Table 5.19: Server SNMP Trap Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
ENABLE|DISABLE
Enable generates a numbered list of currently disabled traps from which you choose
those to enable. Disable generates a numbered list of currently enabled traps from
which you choose those to disable.
Example
The following command enables the linkUp, userDeleted and userLogin SNMP traps.
server snmp trap enable
Traps now disabled:
1) linkUp
4) userLogin
2) userAdded
5) imageUpgradeStarted
3) userDeleted
Select trap(s) to enable>1,3-4
Server SNMP Trap Destination command
The Server SNMP Trap Destination command defines or deletes destinations for enabled SNMP
traps. Once you define destinations for enabled SNMP traps, when a trap occurs, the CCM
appliance will generate SNMP trap messages to each defined SNMP trap destination. You may
define up to four trap destinations, using separate commands.
For more information, see Managing the CCM Appliance Using SNMP on page 28.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER SNMP TRAP DESTINATION ADD|DELETE <ip_address>
Table 5.20: Server SNMP Trap Destination Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
ADD|DELETE
Defines or deletes the specified destination.
<ip_address>
IP address of trap destination.
Server SSH command
The Server SSH command enables or disables SSH session access to the CCM appliance and
specifies the SSH authentication method. When you enable SSH, all CCM sessions will be
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terminated if a CCM SSH server key must be generated. You must also have previously specified
an authentication method other than None with the Server Security command.
If you enable plain text Telnet connections with a Server Security command, enabling SSH session
access with the Server SSH command will add that as a valid connection method (both plain text
and SSH connections will be allowed.)
For more information, see Connecting to devices using SSH on page 15.
Access right: SCON
Access level: APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SERVER SSH ENABLE|DISABLE [AUTH=<auth>]
Table 5.21: Server SSH Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
ENABLE|DISABLE
Enables or disables SSH session access to the CCM appliance.
AUTH=<auth>
SSH authentication methods. You must enter the entire value; abbreviations are not
permitted. Valid values are:
PW
Password authentication.
KEY
Key authentication.
PW|KEY
Password or key authentication.
KEY|PW
Key or password authentication.
PW&KEY
Password and key authentication.
KEY&PW
Key and password authentication.
Default = PW
Show Commands
The Show command has several forms, as listed in Table 5.22.
Table 5.22: Show Command Summary
Command
Description
Show Port
Displays configuration information and statistics for one or all ports.
Show Port Alert
Displays port alert strings.
Show Server
Displays CCM configuration information and statistics.
Show Server CLI
Displays CCM CLI settings.
Show Server PPP
Displays CCM PPP settings.
Show Server RADIUS
Displays CCM RADIUS settings.
Show Server Security
Displays CCM authentication, connection and security lock-out settings.
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
59
Table 5.22: Show Command Summary (Continued)
Command
Description
Show Server SNMP
Displays SNMP configuration information.
Show User
Displays user configuration and session information.
Show Port command
The Show Port command displays configuration and status information about one or all ports.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SHOW PORT [<port>|ALL|NAMES]
The SHOW PORT NAMES command display includes the port numbers and names. If a port has
not been given a name with a Port Set command, the default name is displayed. A default name
contains the last three octets of the MAC address plus the port number.
Table 5.23: Show Port Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<port>
Either a port number in the range 1-48 or CON.
Default = your port
ALL
Displays information about all ports.
NAMES
Displays port numbers and associated logical names.
Table 5.24 lists the display fields for a Show Port command that specifies one or all ports.
Table 5.24: Show Port Command Display Fields
Field
Content
Port
Port number.
Serial Port Settings
Comma-separated string of port values: baud rate, number of bits, parity, stop bits,
flow control, socket number, time-out value and CLI access character (from Port Set
command). The CLI character is preceded by POR CLI= if it was defined with a Port
Set command or by SER CLI= if it was defined with a Server CLI command.
TX Bytes
Number of bytes transmitted.
RX Bytes
Number of bytes received.
Errors
Number of TX/RX parity and framing errors.
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Table 5.24: Show Port Command Display Fields (Continued)
Field
Content
Power
Device power status, if monitoring is enabled. ON indicates the device is on, OFF
indicates the device is off. If monitoring is disabled, this field is blank.
Toggle **
Toggle value (from Port Set command).
Power Signal **
Signal and state being monitored for device power status (from Port Set command).
Logical name **
Port name assigned with the Port Set command or the default name (last three
octets of MAC address plus the port number).
User *
Username (from User Add command).
Level *
User’s access level (from User Add and User Set Access commands).
Access *
User’s access rights (from User Add and User Set Access commands).
Duration *
Duration of user’s session.
* Displayed only when the command specifies a single port that is currently being accessed.
** Displayed only when the command specifies a single port that is not being accessed.
Show Port Alert command
The Show Port Alert command displays a port’s alert strings.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SHOW PORT <port> ALERT
Table 5.25: Show Port Alert Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<port>
Port number in the range 1-48.
Show Server command
The Show Server command displays CCM appliance configuration information and statistics.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SHOW SERVER
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
Table 5.26: Show Server Command Display Fields
Field
Content
Server
IP address (from initial configuration or Server Set command).
Mask
Subnet mask (from initial configuration or Server Set command).
Gateway
Gateway IP address (from initial configuration or Server Set command).
Up Time
Days, hours, minutes and seconds since unit was rebooted.
MAC
Ethernet MAC address.
S/N
Serial number.
Port
Port number.
Username
Username (from User Add command).
Duration
Duration of session.
Socket
Telnet socket number.
From Socket
Telnet client IP address with socket number in parentheses.
IP Input and Output
Network IP statistics, including number of packets delivered, discarded
and fragments.
TCP
Network TCP statistics, including in segs, out segs, errors and retransmissions.
UDP
Network UDP statistics, including in, out, errors and no port events.
BOOT
BIOS/Bootstrap version, date and time.
APP
Application version that is running, plus its date and time.
Show Server CLI command
The Show Server CLI command displays the serial CLI settings.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SHOW SERVER CLI
Table 5.27: Show Server CLI Command Display Fields
Field
Contents
CLI Port
Console port terminal type.
Access Character
Control character used to access the CLI.
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Table 5.27: Show Server CLI Command Display Fields (Continued)
Field
Contents
History
Indicates whether a port’s history buffer content is displayed (auto) or not displayed
(hold) when a user connects to the port, and whether the buffer content is cleared
(clear) or kept (keep) when a session ends.
Connect
Indicates whether a valid user on the console port may use the Connect command.
Modeminit string
String used to initiate modem connections on the console port.
Server CLI Timeout
Session time-out value, shown in full minute or minute:second form (for example, 3m
for 3 minutes, 3:30 for 3 minutes, 3 seconds.
Show Server PPP command
The Show Server PPP command displays the current PPP settings that were configured with the
Server PPP command.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SHOW SERVER PPP
Show Server RADIUS command
The Show Server RADIUS command displays the current CCM RADIUS settings that were
configured with the Server RADIUS command.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SHOW SERVER RADIUS
Show Server Security command
The Show Server Security command displays the current authentication, connection and lock-out
settings that were configured with the Server Security and Server SSH commands.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SHOW SERVER SECURITY
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
63
Table 5.28: Show Server Security Command Display Fields
Field
Contents
Authentication
Configured authentication method(s). This includes the SSH authentication method
configured with the Server SSH command (or the default value), regardless of
whether SSH is enabled.
Encryption
Configured connection methods.
Lockout
Configured security lock-out state (Enabled or Disabled). If Enabled, the number of
hours in the lock-out period is included.
Fingerprint (Hex)
SSH key MD5 hash.
Fingerprint (BB)
SSH key bubble babble.
Show Server SNMP command
The Show Server SNMP command displays SNMP configuration information.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SHOW SERVER SNMP
Show User command
The Show User command displays information about one or all users.
Access right: SMON
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
SHOW USER [<username>|ALL]
Table 5.29: Show User Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<username>
Username.
Default: user currently logged in
ALL
Requests a display of all defined users.
The Show User command display for one user includes the information in Table 5.30.
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CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
Table 5.30: Show User Command Display Fields
Field
Contents
User
Username.
Level
User’s access level. If a level was not configured, access rights determine the level:
Users with SCON access => APPLIANCEADMIN.
Users with USER or PCON but not SCON => ADMIN.
Otherwise, USER level is assigned.
Access
User’s access rights.
Locked
YES if user is locked-out, NO if not.
Last Login
System up time value when the user logged in.
Port
Serial port to which user is connected.
Username
Username.
Duration
Duration of user’s session.
Socket
Telnet socket number.
From Socket
Telnet client IP address and socket number.
A Show User All command display includes the information in Table 5.31.
Table 5.31: Show User All Command Display Fields
Field
Contents
User
Username.
Pass
YES if user has a password defined, NO if not.
Key
YES if user has an SSH key defined, NO if not.
Lock
YES if user is locked-out, NO if not.
Level
User’s access level. If a level was not configured, access rights determine the level:
Users with SCON access => APPLIANCEADMIN.
Users with USER or PCON but not SCON => ADMIN.
Otherwise, USER level is assigned.
Access
User’s access rights.
SPC Command
The SPC command is reserved for future functionality.
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
65
User Commands
The User command has several forms, as listed in Table 5.32.
Table 5.32: User Command Summary
Command
Description
User Add
Adds a new user to the user database.
User Delete
Deletes a user from the user database.
User Logout
Terminates a user’s active session.
User Set
Changes a user’s configuration information.
User Unlock
Unlocks a locked-out user.
User Add command
The User Add command adds a new user to the CCM user database. The user database holds a
maximum of 64 user definitions. For more information, see Managing User Accounts on page 20
and Access rights and levels on page 21.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
USER ADD <username> [PASSWORD=<pwd>] [SSHKEY=<keyfile>] [FTPIP=<ftpadd>]
[KEY=<sshkey>] [ACCESS=<access>]
Table 5.33: User Add Command
Parameter
Description
<username>
3-16 alphanumeric character username. Usernames are case sensitive.
PASSWORD=<pwd>
3-16 alphanumeric character password. Passwords are case sensitive.
SSHKEY=<keyfile>
Name of uuencoded public key file on an FTP server. The maximum file size that
may be received is 4K bytes. If this parameter is specified, you must also specify the
FTPIP parameter.
FTPIP=<ftpadd>
FTP server’s IP address. If this parameter is specified, you must also specify the
SSHKEY parameter.
KEY=<sshkey>
Uuencoded SSH key.
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Table 5.33: User Add Command (Continued)
Parameter
Description
ACCESS=<access>
Command and port access rights or level. You may specify multiple access rights,
separated by commas, or a level. Valid values for access rights are:
P<n>
Access to the specified port number.
P<x-y>
Access to the specified range of ports.
PALL
Access to all ports.
USER
User configuration access rights.
PCON
Port configuration access rights.
SCON
Configuration access rights.
SMON
Monitor access rights.
BREAK
Can issue Port Break command.
Valid values for access levels are:
ADMIN
PALL, USER, SMON, PCON and BREAK access rights.
APPLIANCEADMIN
PALL, USER, SCON, SMON, PCON and BREAK
access rights.
Default = PALL,SMON
Examples
The following command adds the username JohnDoe, with the password secretname, access to
ports 2, 5, 6 and 7 and user and monitor access rights.
> user add JohnDoe password=secretname access=P2,5-7,user,smon
The following command adds the username JaneDoe, with access to all ports. The name of the SSH
public user key file is ccm_key2.pub. This file is located on the FTP server at IP address 10.0.0.3.
> user add JaneDoe ssh=ccm_key2.pub ftp=10.0.0.3 access=pall
The following command adds the username JDoe and gives that user the Appliance Administrator
access level, which enables access to all ports and CCM appliance commands.
> user add JDoe access=applianceadmin
User Delete command
The User Delete command removes a username entry from the CCM user database. The username
may no longer be used to authenticate a session with the CCM appliance. If the specified user is
currently logged in, a message is output to the user, indicating that access is no longer permitted,
and the Telnet session is terminated.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
USER DEL <username>
Table 5.34: User Delete Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<username>
Username to be deleted.
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
67
User Logout command
The User Logout command terminates a user’s active sessions on the CCM appliance. If the
specified user has no active sessions, an error message is displayed. For all active sessions that are
terminated, a message is sent to the Telnet client and the Telnet connection is dropped.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN (may log out all except APPLIANCEADMIN) or APPLIANCEADMIN
Syntax
USER LOGOUT <username>
Table 5.35: User Logout Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<username>
Username to be logged out.
User Set command
The User Set command changes a user’s configuration in the user database. For more information,
see Managing User Accounts on page 20 and Access rights and levels on page 21.
You may delete a user’s password or key; however, each user must have a password or a key, so
you cannot remove both. Also, you cannot remove a user’s password or key if that action would
result in no users having USER access rights.
Access right: none to change your own password, USER to change anything else;
Access level: none to change your own password, ADMIN or APPLIANCEADMIN to change
anything else
Syntax
USER SET <username> [PASSWORD=<pwd>] [SSHKEY=<keyfile>] [FTPIP=<ftpadd>]
[KEY=<sshkey>] [ACCESS=<access>]
Table 5.36: User Set Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
<username>
Username.
PASSWORD=<pwd>
New 3-16 alphanumeric character password. Passwords are case sensitive. This
parameter is required when changing another user’s password.
The password is displayed on the screen. For security, clear your screen display
after issuing this command.
To delete a password, specify Password =“”.
SSHKEY=<keyfile>
Name of uuencoded public key file on an FTP server. The maximum file size that
may be received is 4K bytes.
FTPIP=<ftpadd>
FTP server’s IP address.
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Table 5.36: User Set Command Parameters (Continued)
Parameter
Description
KEY=<sshkey>
Uuencoded SSH key. To delete an SSH key (whether it was originally specified with
the SSHKEY and FTPIP parameters or with the KEY parameter), specify Key=“”.
ACCESS=<access>
Command and port access rights or level. You may specify multiple access rights,
separated by commas, or a level. If specifying access rights, you may use one of
three forms:
ACCESS=<access> to specify all access rights.
ACCESS=+<access> to specify only access rights to be added.
ACCESS=–<access> to specify only access rights to be deleted.
Valid values for access rights are:
P<n>
Access to the specified port number.
P<x-y>
Access to the specified range of ports.
PALL
Access to all ports.
USER
User configuration access rights.
PCON
Port configuration access rights.
SCON
Configuration access rights.
SMON
Monitor access rights.
BREAK
Can issue Port Break command.
Valid values for access levels are:
ADMIN
PALL, USER, SMON, PCON and BREAK access rights.
APPLIANCEADMIN
PALL, USER, SCON, SMON, PCON and BREAK
access rights.
Default = PALL,SMON
Examples
The following command sets the access rights for JohnDoe, enabling access to all ports with
configuration and monitoring access rights.
>user set JohnDoe access=pall,scon,smon
The following command removes the server configuration access right for JohnDoe, and leaves
other access rights intact.
> user set JohnDoe access=-SCON
The following command deletes the SSH key information for JohnDoe. The command will
complete successfully only if JohnDoe has a password configured in a previous User Add or User
Set command, and if there are other users with User access rights.
> user set key=“”
User Unlock command
The User Unlock command unlocks a user who was previously locked-out. After this command
completes, the user will be able to attempt login authentication again.
Access right: USER
Access level: ADMIN (may unlock all except APPLIANCEADMIN) or APPLIANCEADMIN
Chapter 5: CCM Appliance Commands
Syntax
USER UNLOCK <username>
Table 5.37: User Logout Command Parameter
Parameter
Description
<username>
Username to be unlocked.
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71
APP ENDICE S
Appendices
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Table A.1: CCM4850 Appliance Technical Specifications
Item
Value
Device Ports
Number
48
Type
Serial ports
Connectors
Serial port RJ-45
Console Port
Number
1
Connector
Serial port RJ-45
Network Connection
Number
1
Type
Ethernet: IEEE 802.3, 10BaseT
Fast Ethernet: IEEE 802.3U, 100BaseT
Gigabit Ethernet: IEEE 802ab, 1000Base T
Connector
RJ-45
Dimensions
HxWxD
4.45 x 25.40 x 44.45 cm 1U form factor (1.75 x 10.00 x 17.50 in)
Weight
5 lbs (2.27 kg) without cables
Heat Dissipation
205 BTU/hr
Airflow
14 cfm
Power Consumption
60 W measured
AC-input power
90 W maximum
AC-input maximum
100 to 240 VAC
AC-input current rating
1 A maximum
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Table A.1: CCM4850 Appliance Technical Specifications (Continued)
Item
Value
AC-input cable
18 AWG three-wire cable, with a three-lead IEC-320 receptacle on the power
supply end and a country dependent plug on the power resource end
Frequency
50 to 60 Hz
Temperature
0o to 55o Celsius (32o to 131o Fahrenheit) operating
-40o to +70o Celsius (-40o to +158o Fahrenheit) nonoperating
Humidity
10% to 90% noncondensing
Safety and EMC Standards
UL 60950-1, CSA C22.2 No. 60950-00-CAN/CSA (UL cUL Listed), IEC
60950 (1999-04) 3rd Edition, CENELEC EN 60950
Regulatory Compliance
FCC P. 15 Class A, ICES-003, EN 55022: 1998 Class A, EN 61000-3-2,
EN 61000-3-3, AS/NZS 3548: 1995, CNS 13438 - Issued: 1997/01/01,
VCCI V-3/01/04 Class A, EN 55024-1998.
The products herewith comply with the requirements of the Low Voltage
Directive, 73/23/EEC and the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC, including
amendments by the CE-marking Directive 93/68/EEC.
Appendices
73
Appendix B: Device Cabling
Each CCM appliance serial port has an RJ-45 connector for attaching a serial device. Table B.1
lists the pin assignments.
Table B.1: Port Pin Assignments
Pin Number
RS-232 Signal
Direction
Description
1
RTS
Output
Request to Send
2
DSR
Input
Data Set Ready
3
DCD
Input
Data Carrier Detect
4
RD
Input
Receive Data
5
TD
Output
Transmit Data
6
GND
(N/A)
Signal Ground
7
DTR
Output
Data Terminal Ready
8
CTS
Input
Clear to Send
NOTE: RI (Ring Indicate) is not supported
Modular adaptors are available from Equinox to convert RJ-45 modular jacks to standard pinout
configurations. Adaptors are available for use with:
•
CAT 5 and CAT 6 cable.
•
Serial reversing cable. Reversing adaptors and cables are recommended for distances greater
than 100 feet.
Adaptors for use with CAT 5 and CAT 6 cable
Table B.2 lists the adaptors available from Equinox for use with CAT 5 and CAT 6 cable.
Table B.2: Adaptors for Use with CAT 5 and CAT 6 Cable
Part Number
Description
210122
RJ-45 to DB-9M (DTE) Adaptor
210120
RJ-45 to DB-9F (DCE) Adaptor
210124
RJ-45 to DB-25M (DTE) Adaptor
210123
RJ-45 to DB-25M (DCE) Adaptor
210125
RJ-45 to DB-25F (DTE) Adaptor
210121
RJ-45 to DB-25F (DCE) Adaptor
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Table B.2: Adaptors for Use with CAT 5 and CAT 6 Cable (Continued)
Part Number
Description
210127
RJ-45 to RJ-45 Male Adaptor for Cisco and Sun Netra console port
750238
CAT 5 Serial Starter Kit - includes all the above adaptors
Figure B.1 shows the pin assignments for the adaptors listed in Table B.2.
CAT 5 and CAT 6 Cable Adaptors
RJ-45 8 pin
DB-9 DCE
RJ-45 8 pin
DB-25 DCE
CTS
8
7
RTS
CTS
8
4
RTS
DTR
7
1
DCD
DTR
7
8
DCD
6
DSR
6
DSR
GND
GND 6
7
GND
5
3
RD
4
2
TD
GND 6
5
TD
5
2
RD
TD
RD
4
3
TD
RD
DTR
DCD 3
DCD 3
4
DSR 2
RTS
20 DTR
DSR 2
8
1
CTS
5
CTS
210121 and 210123
210120
RJ-45 8 pin
1
RTS
DB-9 DTE
RJ-45 8 pin
DB-25 DTE
CTS
8
8
CTS
CTS
8
5
DTR
7
4
DTR
DTR
7
20 DTR
GND 6
5
GND
GND 6
7
GND
TD
5
3
TD
TD
5
2
TD
RD
CTS
4
2
RD
RD
4
3
RD
DCD 3
1
DCD
DCD 3
8
DCD
DSR 2
6
DSR
DSR 2
6
DSR
RTS
7
RTS
RTS
4
RTS
1
210122
1
210124 and 210125
Figure B.1: CAT 5 and CAT 6 Cable Adaptor Pin Assignments
Appendices
Reversing adaptors and cables
Table B.3 lists the reversing adaptors and reversing cables available from Equinox.
Table B.3: Reversing Adaptors and Cables
Part Number
Description
210094
RJ-45 to DB-9M (DTE) Adaptor
210095
RJ-45 to DB-9F (DCE) Adaptor
210090
RJ-45 to DB-25M (DTE) Adaptor
210092
RJ-45 to DB-25M (DCE) Adaptor
210091
RJ-45 to DB-25F (DTE) Adaptor
210093
RJ-45 to DB-25F (DCE) Adaptor
210105
RJ-45 to RJ-45 Male Adaptor for Cisco and Sun Netra console port
690226
10 foot 8-wire Reversing Modular Cable
690227
25 foot 8-wire Reversing Modular Cable
690228
75 foot 8-wire Reversing Modular Cable
750122
Wiring Starter Kit (8-wire) - includes all the above adaptors and one 690226 cable
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Figure B.2 shows the pin assignments for the adaptors listed in Table B.3.
Reversing Cable Adaptors
RJ-45 8 pin
DB-9 DTE
RJ-45 8 pin
DB-25 DTE
8
7
RTS
RTS
8
4
RTS
DSR 7
6
DSR
DSR 7
6
DSR
6
8
CD
RTS
CD
6
1
CD
CD
RD
5
2
RD
RD
5
3
RD
TD
4
3
TD
TD
4
2
TD
GND 3
5
GND
GND 3
7
GND
DTR
2
4
DTR
DTR
2
20 DTR
CTS
1
8
CTS
CTS
1
5
210094
RJ-45 8 pin
CTS
210090 and 210091
DB-9 DCE
RJ-45 8 pin
DB-25 DCE
8
8
CTS
RTS
DSR 7
4
DTR
DSR 7
20 DTR
CD
6
6
DSR
CD
6
6
DSR
RD
5
3
TD
RD
5
2
TD
TD
4
2
RD
TD
4
3
RD
GND 3
5
GND
GND 3
7
GND
DTR
2
1
CD
DTR
2
8
CD
CTS
1
7
RTS
CTS
1
4
RTS
RTS
210095
8
5
CTS
210092 and 210093
Figure B.2: Reversing Cable Adaptor Pin Assignments
If you choose to use a non-Equinox reversing cable, make sure the cable is reversing, as shown in
Figure B.3.
Appendices
8-WIRE
RTS
DSR
CD
RD
TD
GND
DTR
CTS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
CCM Port
Modular Adaptor
Figure B.3: 8-wire RJ-45 Reversing Cable
RTS
DSR
CD
RD
TD
GND
DTR
CTS
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Appendix C: Supported Traps
The CCM appliance supports the following MIB2 traps:
•
authenticationFailure
•
linkUp
•
linkDown
•
coldStart
Table C.1 lists the supported enterprise traps. The Equinox web site, www.equinox.com, contains
the complete trap MIB.
Table C.1: CCM4850 Appliance Enterprise Traps
Trap
Description and Variable(s)
RebootStarted
The CCM appliance is rebooting.
Variable: initiating username
UserLogin
A user logged in to the CCM appliance.
Variable: username
UserLogout
A user logged out of the CCM appliance.
Variable: username
SerialSessionStarted
A serial session has started.
Variables: username, server name and port number
SerialSessionStopped
A serial session has stopped.
Variables: username, server name and port number
SerialSession
Terminated
Another user has terminated a serial session.
Variables: initiating username, terminated username, server name and port number
ImageUpgradeStarted
The CCM appliance has started an image upgrade.
Variables: initiating username, image type (boot or application), new version number,
current version number
ImageUpgradeResults
An image upgrade has ended.
Variables: result (successful or error code), initiating username, image type (boot or
application), upgrade version number and running version number (if the upgrade
was successful, the two version numbers will match)
UserAdded
A new user has been added to the CCM appliance user database.
Variables: initiating username and new username
UserDeleted
A user has been deleted from the CCM appliance user database.
Variables: initiating username and deleted username
UserModified
A user’s definition has been modified in the CCM appliance user database.
Variables: initiating username and modified username
Appendices
79
Table C.1: CCM4850 Appliance Enterprise Traps (Continued)
Trap
Description and Variable(s)
UserAuthentication
Failure
A user failed to authenticate with the CCM appliance.
Variable: username
FactoryDefaultsSet
The CCM appliance has received a command to set itself to factory default values.
(The appliance sends this trap after receiving the command, but before actually
reverting to factory default values.)
PortAlert
The CCM appliance detected a port alert string on a serial port.
Variables: server name, port number and port alert string
ConfigurationFile
Loaded
The CCM appliance has loaded a configuration file. This trap applies to
AVWorks software.
Variables: initiating username and name of loaded file
UserDatabaseFile
Loaded
The CCM appliance has loaded a user database file. This trap applies to
AVWorks software.
Variables: initiating username and name of loaded file
PortPowerOnDetect
The CCM appliance detected that a port’s power on/off control signal is in the state
indicating power is on. This trap is sent upon initialization if the condition is detected.
Subsequent traps are sent only if this signal changes state.
Variables: server name and port number
PortPowerOffDetect
The CCM appliance detected that a port’s power on/off control signal is in the state
indicating power is off. This trap is sent upon initialization if the condition is detected.
Subsequent traps are sent only if this signal changes state.
Variables: server name and port number
UserLocked
A user account has been locked.
Variables: client IP address, locked username and reason
UserUnlocked
A user account has been unlocked.
Variables: client IP address, initiating username, unlocked username and reason
AggregatedServer
StatusChanged
The status of one or more servers (connections paths) has changed. The appliance
always sends this trap upon bootup. Thereafter, it sends the trap when there is a
change in connection path status, and will include only those paths whose status
has changed.
Variable(s): connection path(s)
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Appendix D: Ports Used
Table D.1 lists the UDP and TCP port numbers used by the CCM appliance. The values assume a
default configuration; some values are configurable.
Table D.1: Ports Used by CCM Appliance
Port Type and Number
Used for
TCP 22
SSH2, if enabled.
TCP 23
Telnet.
UDP 69
TFTP
UDP 161
SNMP, if enabled.
UDP 3211
Secure protocol used by AVWorks software.
TCP 3211
Secure protocol used by AVWorks software.
TCP 3001-3048
Telnet serial sessions with ports 1-48.
TCP 3101-3148
SSH serial sessions with ports 1-48.
Appendices
81
Appendix E: Technical Support
Our Technical Support staff is ready to assist you with any installation or operating problems you
encounter with your Equinox product. If an issue should develop, follow the steps below for the
fastest possible service:
1.
Check the pertinent section of the manual to see if the issue may be resolved by following the
procedures outlined.
2.
Check our web site at www.equinox.com/support to search the knowledge base or use the online service request.
3.
Call Equinox Technical Support for assistance at (954) 746-9000, ext. 322. Visit the Equinox
web site at http://www.equinox.com/support and click on Support - Getting Support for current
phone support hours.
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83
INDE X
A
line editing for VT100 compatible devices 33
Access rights and levels
about 21
changing 22
configuring 22
displaying 22
Adaptors
for use with CAT 5 and CAT 6 cable 73
reversing 75
Authentication
configuring 24, 53
Port Alert Add 43
Port Alert Copy 43
Port Alert Delete 44
Port Break 44
Port command summary 42
Port History 44
Port Logout 45
Port Set 45
Quit 48
Resume 48
displaying configuration information 25, 62
Server CLI 49
summary 24
Server command summary 48
types 23
Server FLASH 50
See also RADIUS
Server PPP 51
AVWorks software 1, 3, 7
Server RADIUS 52
Server Reboot 53
B
Server Security 53
BootP 7
Server Set 54
C
Server SNMP 55
Cabling 73
CLI
accessing 33
changing the access character 19, 45, 49
displaying access character 61
displaying the access character 19
mode (Telnet CLI) 19
Commands
Connect 41
conventions 34
Disconnect 41
Help 42
line editing for ASCII TTY devices 34
Server SNMP Community 55
Server SNMP Manager 56
Server SNMP Trap 56
Server SNMP Trap Destination 57
Server SSH 57
Show command summary 58
Show Port 59
Show Port Alert 60
Show Server 60
Show Server CLI 61
Show Server PPP 62
Show Server RADIUS 62
Show Server Security 62
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CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
Show Server SNMP 63
displaying configuration information 14, 61
Show User 63
specifying modem initialization string 14, 49
summary 36
syntax 34
User Add 65
User command summary 65
User Delete 66
Disconnect command 41
E
Encryption
configuring 53
displaying configuration information 62
User Logout 67
User Set 67
User Unlock 68
Configuration
IP address and subnet mask 7
serial port settings 12
See also Port
F
FLASH updating 50
G
Gateway
changing 54
Connect command 41
configuring 7
Connection methods (Telnet and SSH) 18
displaying 60
Console port
about connecting to device from 13
configuring 49
H
Hardware installation 6
Conventions in commands 34
Help command 42
D
History buffer
about 26
Device cabling 73
accessing port history mode 27, 44
Device connection methods
about 12
clearing and discarding contents 28
commands in history mode 26
dial-in 14
controlling content when session ends 27, 49
ending device sessions 19
controlling display at connection 27, 49
from console port 13
displaying configuration information 61
preemption 20
session time-out 20
I
using PPP 15
Initial login 9
using SSH 15
Installation
configuring address settings 7
using Telnet 12
Dial-in connections
about 14
hardware 6
Index
IP address
changing 54
configuring 7
Port Set command 45
Ports used by appliance 80
PPP
about 15
displaying 60
displaying configuration information 15, 62
L
enabling/disabling server 15, 51
Line editing operations
ASCII TTY devices 34
VT100 compatible devices 33
Lock-out. See Security lock-out
Login 9
Logout 45, 67
Preemption 20
Q
Quit command 48
R
RADIUS
about 23
M
Modem. See Dial-in connections
configuring 24, 52, 53
Modular adaptors
for use with CAT 5 and CAT 6 cable 73
displaying configuration information 25, 62
reversing 75
Reinitialization 9
Resume command 48
P
S
Plain text connections 18, 53
Security lock-out
about 25
Port
command summary 42
configuring settings 12
enabling/disabling 26, 53
unlocking a user 26, 68
default settings 11
Server CLI command 49
displaying settings 12, 59
Server command summary 48
pin assignments 73
Server FLASH command 50
session time-out 20
Server PPP command 51
See also History buffer and SNMP
Server RADIUS command 52
Port Alert Add command 43
Server Reboot command 53
Port Alert Copy command 43
Server Security command 53
Port Alert Delete command 44
Server Set command 54
Port alert strings. See SNMP
Server SNMP command 55
Port Break command 44
Server SNMP Community command 55
Port History command 44
Server SNMP Manager command 56
Port Logout command 45
Server SNMP Trap command 56
85
86
CCM4850 Installer/User Guide
Server SNMP Trap Destination command 57
enabling access 18, 53, 57
Server SSH command 57
server keys 16
Session
ending 19, 45, 48, 67
preemption 20
user keys 17
Statistics
network 60
time-out 20, 45, 49, 61
Show command summary 58
Show Port Alert command 60
port 59
Subnet mask
changing 54
Show Port command 59
configuring 7
Show Server CLI command 61
displaying 60
Show Server command 60
Show Server PPP command 62
Show Server RADIUS command 62
Show Server Security command 62
Show Server SNMP command 63
Show User command 63
SNMP
about 28
adding port alert strings 30, 43
adding/deleting management addresses 29
T
Technical
specifications 71
support 81
Telnet
CLI mode 19
connections to devices 12
Time-out. See Session time-out
Traps 78
adding/deleting trap destination addresses 57
U
adding/deleting trap destinations 30
User accounts
access rights and levels 21
copying port alert strings 30, 43
deleting port alert strings 30, 44
displaying configuration information 31, 63
displaying port alert string information 31, 60
enabling/disabling 28, 55
enabling/disabling traps 29, 56
specifying community names 28, 55
specifying management entity addresses 56
SSH
about 15
authenticating users 16
disabling access 18, 57
displaying configuration information 18, 62
adding 21, 65
changing 21, 67
deleting 21, 66
displaying 21
displaying user information 63
User Add command 65
User command summary 65
User Delete command 66
User Logout command 67
User Set command 67
User Unlock command 68
LIMITED WARRANTY
INSTRUCTIONS
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of important operating and
maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
Equinox warrants that the Product(s) shall be free from manufacturing defects in materials and workmanship
for a period of five (5) years from the date of delivery provided that the Product was properly installed and used.
Defects, malfunctions or failures of the warranted Product caused by damage resulting from acts of God (such
as floods, fire, etc.), environmental and atmospheric disturbances, other external forces such as power line
disturbances, host computer malfunction, plugging the board in under power, or incorrect cabling and damage
caused by misuse, abuse and unauthorized alteration or repair are not warranted.
DANGEROUS VOLTAGE
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated dangerous voltage within the product’s enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
This warranty is limited to the repair and/or replacement, at Equinox’ option, of the defective Product during its
warranty period. Customer must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number prior to returning the
defective Product to Equinox for service. Customer agrees to insure the Product or assume the risk of loss or damage
in transit, to prepay shipping charges and to use the original shipping container or equivalent. Contact Equinox
Customer Support at 954-746-9000 for further information. Product repaired or replaced shall be warranted for
a period of ninety (90) days or for the duration of the initial Product warranty period, whichever is longer.
POWER ON
This symbol indicates the principal on/off switch is in the on position.
POWER OFF
This symbol indicates the principal on/off switch is in the off position.
PROTECTIVE GROUNDING TERMINAL
This symbol indicates a terminal which must be connected to earth ground
prior to making any other connections to the equipment.
THE PROVISIONS OF THE WARRANTY ARE IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTY, WHETHER EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, AND EQUINOX’ LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE MANUFACTURE,
SALE OR SUPPLYING OF THE PRODUCT AND ITS USE, WHETHER BASED ON WARRANTY, CONTRACT,
NEGLIGENCE, PRODUCT LIABILITY OR OTHERWISE, SHALL NOT EXCEED THE ORIGINAL COST OF
THE PRODUCT. IN NO EVENT SHALL EQUINOX BE LIABLE FOR UNINTENDED OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF PROFITS OR USE DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF
THE MANUFACTURE, SALE OR SUPPLYING OF THE PRODUCT.
© Copyright 2004 Avocent Corporation. All rights reserved.
CCM4850
For Technical Support:
Email: support@equinox.com
www.equinox.com
Equinox Systems
One Equinox Way
Sunrise, Florida
33351 USA
Tel: 954.746.9000
590-373-001B
Installer/User Guide