User`s manual | Avocent Single port KVM over IP switch Network Card User Manual

Single port KVM over IP switch
Single Port
KVM over IP SWITCH
USER’S MANUAL
Rev 1.0
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Single port KVM over IP switch
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. THE QUICK INSTALLATION GUIDE
2. INTRODUCTION
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
When the sever is up and running
When the server is dead
Features
Package contents
Technical specifications
System requirement
Cable diagrams
3. HARDWARE INSTALLATION
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Operation overview
Connecting IP- KVM to the host system
Connecting IP- KVM to multi-port KVM switch
Connecting External Reset/Power option
4. CONFIGURATION
4.1
Initial Configuration
4.1.1 Initial configuration via DHCP server
4.1.2 Initial configuration via serial console
4.1.3 Keyboard, Mouse and Video configuration
4.1.3.1 IP-KVM switch keyboard settings
4.1.3.2 Remote Mouse Settings
4.1.3.3 Auto mouse speed and mouse synchronization
4.1.3.4 Host system mouse settings
4.1.3.5 Single and Double Mouse Mode
4.1.3.6 Video Modes
5. USAGE
5.1
5.2
Prerequisites
Login into the IP-KVM switch and logout
5.2.1 Login into the IP-KVM switch
5.2.2 Logout from the IP-KVM switch
5.3
5.4
The Remote Console
Main Window
5.4.1 Remote Console Control Bar
5.4.2 Remote Console Status Line
6. MENU OPTIONS
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6.1
Remote Control
6.1.1 KVM Console
6.1.2 Remote Power
6.1.3 Telnet Console
6.2
Virtual Media
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.3
Floppy Disk
CD ROM
Drive redirection
Options
User Management
6.3.1 Change Password
6.3.2 Users And Groups
6.4
KVM Settings
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.5
Device Settings
6.5.1
6.5.2
6.5.3
6.5.4
6.5.5
6.5.6
6.5.7
6.6
User Console
Power Control
Keyboard/Mouse
Video
Network
Dynamic DNS
Security
Certificate
Serial Port
Date And Time
Event Log
Maintenance
6.6.1
6.6.2
6.6.3
6.6.4
Device Information
Event Log
Update Firmware
Unit Reset
7. TROUBLESHOOTING
8. CERTIFICATES
A. Pin Assignments
B. Key Codes
C. Video Modes
D. Rack mount kit installation diagram
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Single port KVM over IP switch
1. The quick installation guide
Installation
IP-KVM switch redirects local keyboard, mouse and video data to a remote administration console. All
data is transmitted via IP. IP-KVM switch can be used in a multi administrator and multi server
environment as well. Besides, IP-KVM switch is a KVM switch, which can also be used with a local
console.
IP-KVM switch hardware installation
Host
Console
Figure 1-1 The connectors of single port IP-KVM switch front and rear side
Please perform the following steps:
1. Connect the power supply to IP-KVM switch
2. Connect the monitor to the IP-KVM switch console side.
3. Connect the keyboard to the IP-KVM switch console side.
4. Connect the mouse to the IP-KVM switch console side.
5. Connect a VGA cable (15-pin HDDB Male / Male) with the Male side to both of the PC and the host
port of the IP-KVM switch.
6. Connect one purple end of 3-in-one cable to the PS/2 mouse port on the computer, and the other
end of 3-in-one cable to the host PS/2 mouse port on the IP-KVM Switch.
7. Connect one green end of 3-in-one cable to PS/2 keyboard port on the computer, and the other
end of 3-in-one cable to the host PS/2 keyboard port on the IP-KVM switch.
8. Connect the type A connector of USB A-B cable to the host system, while using remote mass
storage control.
9. Connect Ethernet to LAN port and/or modem to DB-9 serial port, depending on how you want to
access IP-KVM switch
Video modes
IP-KVM switch recognizes a limited number of common video modes. When running X-Window on the
host system, please don’t use any custom mode lines with special video modes. If done so, IP-KVM
switch may not be able to detect these. You are on the safe side with all standard VESA video modes.
Please refer to Appendix C for a list of all known modes.
Initial IP configuration
Initially the IP-KVM switch network interface is configured with the parameters shown in Table 1-1.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Parameter
IP auto configuration
IP-Address
Net-mask
Default-Gateway
Value
DHCP
192.168.1.22
255.255.255.0
none
Table 1-1: Initial configuration
If this initial configuration doesn’t meet your local requirements, you need to do the initial IP
configuration. Use one of the following ways:
1. Connect the enclosed NULL modem cable to the serial interface on the rear side. The serial
interface needs to be adjusted with the parameters shown in table 1-2:
Parameter
Bits/second
Data bits
Parity
Stop bits
Flow Control
Value
115200
8
No
1
None
Table 1-2: Serial parameters
Use a terminal software (e.g. hyper term or minicom) to connect to IP-KVM switch. Reset IP-KVM
switch and immediately press < ESC >. You will see some device information and a ’=>’ prompt.
Enter the command ’config’ and press < Enter >. After waiting a few moments you may configure IP
auto configuration, IP address, net mask and default gateway. Pressing < Enter > without entering
values does not change settings. The gateway value must be set to 0.0.0.0 (for no gateway) or any
other value. You will be asked if the values are correct and get a chance to correct them. After
confirming, IP-KVM switch performs a reset.
2. Use a crossover Ethernet cable to connect IP-KVM switch to a subnet where a DHCP server is
available. After the DHCP server has assigned an IP address to IP-KVM switch you can use the web
interface to configure the device.
Web interface
IP-KVM switch may be accessed using a standard JAVA enabled web browser. You may use the
HTTP protocol or a secure encrypted connection via HTTPS. Just enter the configured IP address of
IP-KVM switch into your web browser.
Login name
Password
super (factory default)
pass (factory default)
Changing these settings to user specific values is strongly recommended
and can be done on the User Management page (see the Section called
Users and Groups in Chapter 6 ).
Remote Console
The Remote Console is the redirected screen, keyboard and mouse of the remote host system to
which IP-KVM switch is installed. The web browser which is used for accessing IP-KVM switch has to
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Single port KVM over IP switch
supply a Java Runtime Environment version 1.1 or higher. However, it is strongly recommended to
install Sun JVM 1.4. The Remote Console will behave exactly the same way as if you were sitting
directly in front of the screen of your remote system. That means that both the keyboard and mouse
can be used in the usual way. Open the console by selecting the preview picture on the main site of
the HTML front end. Figure 1-2 shows the top of the Remote Console.
Figure 1-2: Top part of the Remote Console
There are some options to choose from, and the important ones are the following:
Auto Adjust button
If the video displayed is of bad quality or distorted in some way, press this button and wait a few
seconds while IP-KVM switch tries to adjust itself for the best possible video quality.
Sync Mouse
Choose this option in order to synchronize the local with the remote mouse cursor. This is
especially necessary when using accelerated mouse settings on the host system. In general
there is no need to change mouse settings on the host.
Video Settings in Options Menu This opens a new window with elements to control the IP-KVM switch
Video Settings. You can change some values, for instance the brightness and contrast of the
picture displayed, which may improve the video quality. It is also possible to revert to the default
settings for all video modes or only the current one.
Note: At first start, if the local mouse pointer is not synchronized with
the remote mouse pointer, press the Auto Adjust Button once.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
2. Introduction
Thank you for purchasing IP-KVM switch. IP-KVM switch can save your MONEY, TIME, SPACE,
EQUIPMENT and POWER. IP-KVM switch defines a new class of remote KVM access devices.
IP-KVM switch combines digital remote KVM access via IP networks with comprehensive and
integrated system management.
IP-KVM switch provides convenient, remote KVM access and control via LAN or Internet. It captures,
digitizes, and compresses video signal and transmits it with keyboard and mouse signals to and from
a remote computer. IP-KVM switch provides a non-intrusive solution for remote access and control.
Remote access and control software runs on its embedded processors only but not on mission-critical
servers, so that there is no interference with server operation or impact on network performance.
Furthermore, IP-KVM switch offers additional remote power management with the help of optional
available device.
IP-KVM switch supports consoles consisting of PS/2 style keyboards and mouse and HDDB 15 video
output. IP-KVM switch will automatically detect the current video mode of the console, however
manual fine-tuning is recommended to receive the best video quality. IP-KVM switch will accept video
streams up to 110 MHz dot clock. This results in a screen resolution of 1280x1024 pixels with a frame
rate of 60 Hz.
2.1. When the server is up and running
IP-KVM switch gives you a full control over the remote server. The Management Console allows you
to access the remote server’s graphics, keyboard and mouse and to send special commands to the
server. You can also perform periodic maintenance of the server. Using the Console Redirection
Service, you are able to do the following:
I. Reboot the system
II. Watch the boot process.
III. Boot the system from a separate partition to load the diagnostic environment.
IV. Run special diagnostic programs.
2.2. When the server is dead
Obviously, fixing hardware defects is not possible through a remote management device.
Nevertheless IP-KVM switch gives the administrator valuable information about the type of a hardware
failure. Serious hardware failures can be categorized into five different categories with different
chances to happen:
I. Hard disk failure 50%
II. Power cable detached, power supply failure 28%
III. CPU, Controller, main board failure 10%
IV. CPU fan failure 8%
V. RAM failure 4%
Using IP-KVM switch, administrators can determine which kind of serious hardware failure has
occurred (See table 2-1).
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Type of failure
Hard disk failure
Power cable detached, power supply failure
CPU Controller, main board failure.
CPU fan failure
RAM failure
Detected by
Console screen, CMOS set-up information
Server remains in power on state after power on
command has been given.
Power supply is on, but there is no video output.
By server specific management software
Boot-Sequence on boot console
Table 2-1:Host system failures and how they are detected.
2.3. Features
z
Manage serves around the world
z
KVM (keyboard, video, mouse) access over IP and analogous telephone line (modem needed).
z
BIOS level access
z
SSL encryption
z
No impact on server or network performance
z
Automatically senses video resolution for best possible screen capture
z
High-performance mouse tracking and synchronization
z
Port to connect a user console for direct analogous access to KVM switch
z
Local Mouse suppression (only when using SUN’s Java Virtual Machine)
z
Can be used with any standard KVM
z
Remote mass storage control.
2.4. Package contents
Base unit- Single port IP-KVM Switch
1 PC
User’s manual
1 PC
Installation software and User Manual on CD-ROM
1 PC
AC to DC Power Adapter
1 PC
Rack Mount Kit
1 SET
Null modem cable
1 PC
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Single port KVM over IP switch
2.5. Technical specifications
Model No.
PC Port
Console Port
PC Port Connector
(All Female Types)
Console Port
Connector
(All Female Types)
Single port IP-KVM Switch
1
1
PS/2 Keyboard Mini Din 6 pin
PS/2 Mouse Mini Din 6 pin
VGA HDDB 15 pin
USB Type B receptacle
Local Console: PS/2 Keyboard Mini Din 6 pin
PS/2 Mouse Mini Din 6 pin
VGA HDDB 15pin
Remote Console: RJ-45 8P8C
1
Serial Port (DB9 pin
Male)
LAN port (RJ-45 8P8C) 1
10BASE-T Ethernet uses Category 3/4/5/5E/6 UTP
100BASE-T Ethernet uses Category 5/5E/6 UTP
Reset button
1
Keyboard Emulation
PS/2
Mouse Emulation
PS/2
VGA Resolution
Local :1600 X1200 Remote : 1280 X1024
Housing
Metal
Power Adapter
DC 5V, 2.5A
Operation Temperature 0~50℃
Storage Temperature
-20 ~ 60℃
Humidity
Size
Weight (kg)
Dimension (mm)
0~80%, Non-Condensing
Desktop
1700g
156 X139 X27
2.6. System requirement
Item
Local console side
Description
One PS/2 Keyboard, one PS/2 Mouse
and one monitor
Remote Console
side
One PC or Multiple PCs are linked into
the network
Computer side
One PC or Server or the console port of
KVM switch unit
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Single port KVM over IP switch
2.7. Cable diagrams
PS/2 Cable:
Mini Din 6 pin Male to Male
VGA Cable:
HDB15 pin Male to Male
USB 2.0 Cable:
USB A-B cable
AT to PS/2 keyboard adapter: (Optional)
Din 5 pins Male to Mini Din 6 pin Female
CAT5/5E/6 Straight Through UTP/STP Cable:
8P8C
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Single port KVM over IP switch
3. Hardware installation
3.1 Operation Overview
Figure 3-1 shows the connections of IP-KVM switch to its host, to peripheral devices, to the power
source and to the local area network.
Single port
IP-KVM
KVM
PC
IP Network
Administrator
Figure 3-1.a: IP-KVM switch usage scenario
Single port
IP-KVM
KVM
8/16 PS/2
IP Network
KVM Switch
8/16
Administrator
Figure 3-1.b: IP-KVM switch usage scenario
IP-KVM switch redirects local keyboard, mouse, and video data to a remote administration console. All
data is transmitted with the TCP/IP protocol family.
IP-KVM switch can be used in a multi administrator and multi server environment as well. Attaching
one or several IP-KVM switches to a KVM switch matrix allows accessing multiple servers on a single
remote console.
3.2 Connecting IP-KVM switch to the host system
In order to connect the IP-KVM switch of the host system performs the following steps:
Step 1
Connect the power supply on IP-KVM switch
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Step 2
Connect the monitor to the IP-KVM switch console side.
Step 3
Connect the keyboard to the IP-KVM switch console side.
Step 4
Connect the mouse to the IP-KVM switch console side.
Step 5
Connect a VGA cable (15-pin HDDB Male / Male) with the Male side to both of the PC and the host of
the IP-KVM switch.
Step 6
Connect one end to the PS/2 mouse port on the computer, and the other end to the host PS/2 mouse
port on the IP-KVM switch.
Step 7
Connect one end to PS/2 keyboard port on the computer, and the other end to the host PS/2 keyboard
port on the IP-KVM switch.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Step 8 (Option)
Connect the type A connector of USB A-B cable to the USB port of the host system, while using
remote mass storage control. USB type A plug of USB A-B cable to the computer.
Step 8
Connect Ethernet and/or modem or both communication ports simultaneously, depending on how you
want to access IP-KVM switch
INTERNET
Modem
3.2.1 Ethernet connection
The rear side of IP-KVM switch provides a RJ-45 connector for Ethernet. The connector is used either
for a 100 Mbps 100BASE-TX connection or for a 10 Mbps 10BASE-T connection. The adapter can
sense the connection speed and will adjust to the appropriate operation mode automatically.
3.2.1.1 10 Mbps Connection
For 10BASE-T Ethernet networks, the Ethernet adapter uses Category 3, 4, 5 or 6 UTP
cable. To establish a 10 Mbps connection, the cable must be connected to a 10BASE-T
hub.
¾ Make sure that the cable is wired appropriately for a standard 10BASE-T adapter.
¾ Align the RJ-45 plug with the notch on the adapter’s connector and insert it into the
adapter’s connector.
3.2.1.2. 100 Mbps Connection
For 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet networks, IP-KVM switch supports Category 5 or 6 UTP
cabling. To establish a 100 Mbps connection, the cable must be connected to a
100BASE-TX hub.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
¾ Make sure that the cable is wired appropriately for a standard 100BASE-TX adapter.
¾ Align the RJ-45 plug with the notch on the adapter’s connector and insert it into the
adapter’s connector.
3.3 Scenario of connecting IP-KVM switch to the Multi-port KVM Switch system
3.4 Connecting the External Reset/Power Option
Please refer to the manual of the IP-KVM 8/16/32 port external power switch option or a third
party external power option to connect those external devices to one of the serial interface on the
rear side of IP-KVM switch. By the date of printing this manual supported options are:
¾ . Avocent.SPC1 800/1600
¾ Sentry In-Line Power Module
¾ Leaning ePowerSwitch
¾ Peppercon IPM-220L
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Single port KVM over IP switch
4. Configuration
4.1 Initial Configuration
The IP-KVM switch's communication interfaces are all based on TCP/IP. It comes pre-configured
with the IP configuration listed in Table 4-1.
Parameter
IP auto configuration
IP-Address
Net-mask
Default-Gateway
Value
DHCP
255.255.255.0
none
Table 4-1. Initial network configuration
Warning
If the DHCP connection fails on boot up, the IP-KVM switch will not have an IP
address.
If this initial configuration does not meet your requirements, the following describes the initial IP
configuration that is necessary to access the IP-KVM switch for the first time.
4.1.1 Initial configuration via DHCP server
By default, the IP-KVM switch will try to contact a DHCP server in the subnet to which it is
physically connected. If a DHCP server is found, it may provide a valid IP address, gateway
address and net mask. Before you connect the device to your local subnet, be sure to complete
the corresponding configuration of your DHCP server. It is recommended to configure a fixed IP
assignment to the MAC address of the IP-KVM switch. You can find the MAC address labeled on
the bottom side of the metal housing.
If this initial configuration does not meet your local requirements, use the setup tool to adjust the
values to your needs. The setup tool can be found on the CD ROM delivered with this package.
You can follow the procedure described below.
IP-KVM switch Setup Tool
MAC Address Detection
Connect the IP-KVM switch to your computer either via local network, or via USB. Start the
setup tool from the CD ROM on the computer that the IP-KVM switch is installed. Depending on
the connection (USB or network), the device detection is different. A window opens as seen
below:
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Figure4-1. IP-KVM switch setup tool
On the upper left corner, the MAC address of the IP-KVM switch is displayed. To detect the
MAC address, manually, press the button “Refresh Devices”. The displayed MAC address is
the same MAC address printed on the white sticker placed on the back of the IP-KVM switch. If
the IP-KVM switch is connected via USB, it is classified as an USB device and an appropriate
drive letter is chosen for this device.
On the lower right corner of the window, there are two buttons: “Query Device” and “Setup
Device”. Press the “Query Device” button to display the preconfigured values of the network
configuration. The values are displayed in the text fields located above. If necessary, adjust the
network settings to your needs. To save the changes enter an user name and an according
password. Then press the “ Setup Device “ button.
Authentication
To adjust the authentication settings, enter your login as a super user, and change your
password.
Super user login
Enter the login name of the super user. The initial value is “super”. All of characters are lower
case.
Super user password
Enter the current password for the super user. This initial value is “pass”. All of characters are
lower case.
New super user password
Enter the new password for the super user.
New password (confirm)
Re-type the new password for the super user.
To close the window and accept the changes, press the “ OK ” button, otherwise press the
“ Cancel ” button.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
4.1.2 Initial configuration via serial console
Using a serial terminal, the IP-KVM switch has a serial line interface (host side). This connector
is compliant with the RS 232 serial line standard. The serial line has to be configured with the
parameters given in Table 4-2.
When configuring with a serial terminal, reset the IP-KVM switch and immediately press the
“ ESC ” key. You will see some device information, and a “ => ” prompt. Enter “config”, press
“ Enter ” key and wait for a few seconds for the configuration questions to appear.
Parameter
Bits/second
Data bits
Parity
Stop bits
Flow Control
Value
115200
8
No
1
None
Table 4-2. Serial line parameters
As you proceed, the following questions will appear on the screen. To accept the default values
which are shown in square brackets below, press “Enter” key.
IP auto configuration (non/dhcp/bootp) [dhcp]:
IP [192.168.1.22]:
Net mask [255.255.255.0]:
Gateway (0.0.0.0 for none) [0.0.0.0]:
IP autoconfiguration
With this option, you can specify whether the IP-KVM switch should get its network settings
from a DHCP or BOOTP server. For DHCP, enter “dhcp”, and for BOOTP enter “bootp”. If you
do not specify any of these, the IP autoconfiguration is disabled and subsequently you will be
asked for the following network settings.
IP address
The IP address the IP-KVM switch uses. This option is only available if IP autoconfiguration is
disabled.
Net mask
The net mask of the connected IP subnet. This option is only available if IP autoconfiguration is
disabled.
Gateway address
The IP address of the default router for the connected IP subnet. If you do not have a default
router, enter 0.0.0.0. This option is only available if IP autoconfiguration is disabled.
4.1.3 Keyboard, Mouse and Video configuration
Between the IP-KVM switch and the host, there are two interfaces available for transmitting
keyboard and mouse data: USB and PS/2. The correct operation of the remote mouse depends
on several settings which will be discussed in the following subsections.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
4.1.3.1 IP-KVM switch keyboard settings
The IP-KVM switch settings for the host's keyboard type have to be corrected in order to
make the remote keyboard work properly. Check the settings in the IP-KVM switch front-end.
See section 6.4.3 in details.
4.1.3.2 Remote Mouse Settings
A common problem with KVM devices is the synchronization between the local and remote
mouse cursors. The IP-KVM switch addresses this situation with an intelligent
synchronization algorithm. There are two mouse modes available on the IP-KVM switch.
Auto mouse speed
The automatic mouse speed mode tries to detect the speed and acceleration settings of
the host system automatically. See the section below for a more detailed explanation.
Fixed mouse speed
This mode just translates the mouse movements from the Remote Console in a way
that one pixel move will lead to n pixel moves on the remote system. This parameter n is
adjustable with the scaling. It should be noted that this works only when mouse
acceleration is turned off on the remote system.
4.1.3.3 Auto mouse speed and mouse synchronization
The automatic mouse speed mode performs the speed detection during mouse
synchronization. Whenever the mouse does not move correctly, there are two ways for
re-synchronizing local and remote mouse:
Fast Sync
The fast synchronization is used to correct a temporary, but fixed skew. Choose the
option using the Remote Console options menu or press the mouse synchronization
hotkey sequence in case you defined one.
Intelligent Sync
If the fast sync does not work or the mouse settings have been changed on the host
system, use the intelligent resynchronization. This method takes more time than the fast
one and can be accessed with the appropriate item in the Remote Console option menu.
The intelligent synchronization requires a correctly adjusted picture. Use the auto
adjustment function or the manual correction in the Video Settings panel to setup the
picture. The Sync mouse button on top of the Remote Console can behave differently,
depending on the current state of mouse synchronization. Usually pressing this button
leads to a fast sync, except in situations where the KVM port or the video mode
changed recently.
Note: At first start, if the local mouse pointer is not synchronized with
the remote mouse pointer, press the Auto Adjust Button once.
4.1.3.4 Host system mouse settings
The host's operating system knows various settings from the mouse driver.
Warning
The following limitations do not apply in case of USB and Mouse Type “MS Windows
2000 and newer”.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
While the IP-KVM switch works with accelerated mice and is able to synchronize the local
with the remote mouse pointer, there are the following limitations, which may prevent this
synchronization from working properly:
Special Mouse Driver
There are mouse drivers which influence the synchronization process and lead to
desynchronized mouse pointers. If this happens, make sure you do not use a special
vendor-specific mouse driver on your host system.
Windows XP Mouse Settings
Windows XP knows a setting named “improve mouse acceleration”, which has to be
deactivated.
Active Desktop
If the Active Desktop feature of Microsoft Windows is enabled do not use a plain
background. Instead, use some kind of wallpaper. As an alternative, you could also
disable the Active Desktop completely.
Navigate your mouse pointer into the upper left corner of the applet
screen and move it slightly forth and back. Thus the mouse will be
resynchronized. If re-synchronizing fails, disable the mouse acceleration
and repeat the procedure.
4.1.3.5 Single and Double Mouse Mode
The information above applies to the Double Mouse Mode, where remote and local
mouse pointers are visible and need to by synchronize. The IP-KVM switch also
features another mode, the Single Mouse Mode, where only the remote mouse pointer
is visible. Activate this mode in the open Remote Console and click into the window
area. The local mouse pointer will be hidden and the remote one can be controlled
directly. To leave this mode, it is necessary to define a mouse hotkey in the Remote
Console Settings Panel. Press this key to free the captured local mouse pointer.
4.1.3.6 Recommended Mouse Settings
For the different operating systems we can give the following advice:
MS Windows 2000/2003 (Professional and Server), XP
In general, we recommend the usage of a mouse via USB. Choose USB
without Mouse Sync. For a PS/2 mouse choose Auto Mouse Speed. For XP
disable the option enhance pointer precision in the Control Panel.
SUN Solaris
Adjust the mouse settings either via xset m 1 or use the CDE Control
Panel to set the mouse to 1:1, no acceleration . As an alternative
you may also use the Single Mouse Mode.
MAC OS X
We recommend using the Single Mouse Mode.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
4.1.3.7 Video Modes
The IP-KVM switch recognizes a limited number of common video modes. When running
X11 on the host system, please do not use any custom mode lines with special video modes.
If you do, the IP-KVM switch may not be able to detect them. We recommend using any of
the standard VESA video modes, instead.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
5. Usage
5.1 Prerequisites
The IP-KVM switch features an embedded operating system and applications offering a variety
of standardized interfaces. This chapter will describe both these interfaces, and the way to use
them in a more detailed manner. The interfaces are accessed using the TCP/IP protocol family,
thus they can be accessed using the built-in Ethernet adapter.
The following interfaces are supported:
HTTP/HTTPS
Full access is provided by the embedded web server. The IP-KVM switch environment can
be entirely managed using a standard web browser. You can access the IP-KVM switch
using the insecure HTTP protocol, or using the encrypted HTTPS protocol. Whenever
possible, use HTTPS.
Telnet
A standard Telnet client can be used to access an arbitrary device connected to the IP-KVM
switch's serial port via a terminal mode.
The primary interface of the IP-KVM switch is the HTTP interface. This is covered extensively
in this chapter. Other interfaces are addressed in subtopics.
In order to use the Remote Console window of your managed host system, the browser has to
come with a Java Runtime Environment version 1.1 or higher. If the browser has no Java support
(such as on a small handheld device), you are still able to maintain your remote host system
using the administration forms displayed by the browser itself.
Important: We recommend installing a Sun JVM 1.4.
For an insecure connection to the IP-KVM switch, we can recommend the following browsers:
• Microsoft Internet Explorer version 6.0 or higher on Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000
and Windows XP
• Netscape Navigator 7.0 or Mozilla 1.6 on Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows
XP, Linux and other UNIX-like Operating Systems
In order to access the remote host system using a securely encrypted connection, you need a
browser that supports the HTTPS protocol. Strong security is only assured by using a key length
of 128 Bit. Some of the old browsers do not have a strong 128 Bit encryption algorithm.
Using the Internet Explorer, open the menu entry “?” and “Info” to read about the key length that
is currently activated. The dialog box contains a link that leads you to information on how to
upgrade your browser to a state of the art encryption scheme. Figure 5-1 shows the dialog box
presented by the Internet Explorer 6.0.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Figure 5-1. The Internet Explorer displaying the encryption key length
Newer web browsers do support strong encryption on default.
5.2 Login into the IP-KVM switch and logout
5.2.1 Login into the IP-KVM switch
Launch your web browser. Direct it to the address of your IP-KVM switch, which you
configured during the installation process. The address used might be a plain IP address or a
host and domain name, in the case where you have given your IP-KVM switch a symbolic
name in the DNS. For instance, type the following in the address line of your browser when
establishing an unsecured connection:
http://<IP address of IP-KVM>
When using a secure connection, type in:
https://<IP address of IP-KVM>
This will lead you to the IP-KVM switch login page as shown in Figure 5-2.
Figure 5-2. Login screen
The IP-KVM switch has a built-in super user that has all permissions to administrate your
IP-KVM switch:
Login name super (factory default)
Password
pass (factory default)
Table 5-1. Standard user settings
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Warning
The user “ super ” is not allowed to login via the serial interface of the IP-KVM switch.
Warning
Please make sure to change the super user password immediately after you have
installed and accessed your IP-KVM switch for the first time. Not changing the pass
phrase for the super user is a severe security risk and might result in unauthorized
access to the IP-KVM switch and to the host system including all possible
consequences!
Warning
Your web browser has to accept cookies, or else login is not possible.
Navigation
Having logged into the IP-KVM switch successfully, the main page of the IP-KVM switch
appears (see Figure 5-3). This page consists of three parts; each of them contains specific
information. The buttons on the upper side allow you to navigate within the front end (see
Table 5-2 for details). The lower left frame contains a navigation bar and allows you to switch
between the different sections of the IP-KVM switch. Within the right frame, task-specific
information is displayed that depends on the section you have chosen before.
Figure 5-3. Main page
Return to the main page of the IP-KVM
switch .
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Open the IP-KVM switch remote console.
Exit from the IP-KVM switch front end.
Table 5-2. Buttons from the front end
Warning
If there is no activity for half an hour, the IP-KVM switch will log you out,
automatically. A click on one of the links will bring you back to the login screen.
5.2.2 Logout from the IP-KVM switch
This link logs out the current user and presents a new login screen. Please note that an
automatic logout will be performed in case there is no activity for half an hour.
5.3 The Remote Console
General description
The Remote Console is the redirected screen, keyboard and mouse of the remote host
system that IP-KVM switch controls.
Figure 5-4. Remote Console
The Remote Console window is a Java Applet that tries to establish its own TCP connection
to the IP-KVM switch. The protocol that is run over this connection is neither HTTP or HTTPS,
but RFB (Remote Frame Buffer Protocol). Currently, RFB tries to establish a connection to
port number 443. Your local network environment has to allow this connection to be made, i.e.
your firewall and, in case you have a private internal network, your NAT (Network Address
Translation) settings have to be configured accordingly.
In case the IP-KVM switch is connected to your local network environment and your
connection to the Internet is available using a proxy server only without NAT being
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Single port KVM over IP switch
configured, the Remote Console is very unlikely to be able to establish the according
connection. This is because today's web proxies are not capable of relaying the RFB
protocol.
In case of problems, please consult your network administrator in order to provide an
appropriate network environment.
5.4 Main Window
Starting the Remote Console opens an additional window. It displays the screen content of
your host system. The Remote Console will behave exactly in the same way as if you were
sitting directly in front of the screen of your remote system. That means keyboard and mouse
can be used in the usual way. However, be aware of the fact that the remote system will react
to keyboard and mouse actions with a slight delay. The delay depends on the bandwidth of
the line which you use to connect to the IP-KVM switch.
With respect to the keyboard, the very exact remote representation might lead to some
confusion as your local keyboard changes its keyboard layout according to the remote host
system. If you use a German administration system, and your host system uses a US English
keyboard layout, for instance, special keys on the German keyboard will not work as
expected. Instead, the keys will result in their US English counterpart. You can circumvent
such problems by adjusting the keyboard of your remote system to the same mapping as
your local one.
The Remote Console window always tries to show the remote screen with its optimal size.
That means it will adapt its size to the size of the remote screen initially and after the screen
resolution of the remote screen has been changed. However, you can always resize the
Remote Console window in your local window system as usual.
Warning
In difference to the remote host system, the Remote Console window on your local
window system is just one window among others. In order to make keyboard and
mouse work, your Remote Console window must have the local input focus.
5.4.1 Remote Console Control Bar
The upper part of the Remote Console window contains a control bar. Using its elements you
can see the state of the Remote Console and influence the local Remote Console settings. A
description for each control follows.
Figure 5-5. Remote Console Control Bar
Ctrl+Alt+Delete
Special button key to send the “Control Alt Delete” key combination to the remote system
(see also Chapter 6 for defining new button keys).
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Auto Adjust button
If the video display is of bad quality or distorted in some way, press this button and wait a
few seconds while the IP-KVM switch tries to adjust itself for the best possible video
quality.
Sync mouse
Activates the mouse synchronization process. Choose this option in order to synchronize
the local with the remote mouse cursor. This is especially necessary when using
accelerated mouse settings on the host system. In general, there is no need to change
mouse settings on the host.
Single/Double mouse mode
Switches between the Single Mouse Mode (where only the remote mouse pointer is
visible) and the Double Mouse Mode (where remote and local mouse pointers are visible
and need to be synchronized). Single mouse mode is only available if using SUN JVM
1.3 or higher.
Options
To open the Options menu, click on the button “Options”.
Figure 5-6. Remote Console Options Menu
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Single port KVM over IP switch
A short description of the options follows.
• Monitor Only
Toggles the Monitor only filter on or off. If the filter is switched on no remote console
interaction is possible, and monitoring is possible.
• Exclusive Access
If a user has the appropriate permission, he can force the Remote Consoles of all other
users to close. No one can open the Remote Console at the same time again until this
user disables the exclusive access, or logs off.
A change in the access mode is also visible in the status line (see Figure 5-7).
Figure 5-7. Remote Console Exclusive Mode
• Scaling
Allow you to scale down the Remote Console. You can still use both mouse and
keyboard, however the scaling algorithm will not preserve all display details.
Figure 5-8. Remote Console Options Menu:Scaling
• Mouse Handling
The submenu for mouse handling offers two options for synchronizing the local and the
remote mouse pointer.
Fast Sync -The fast synchronization is used to correct a temporary, but fixed skew.
Intelligent Sync -Use this option if the fast sync does not work or the mouse settings have been
changed on the host system.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Warning
This method takes more time than the fast one and requires a correctly adjusted
picture. Use the auto adjustment function or the manual correction in the Video
Settings panel to setup the picture.
• Local Cursor
Offers a list of different cursor shapes to choose from for the local mouse pointer. The
selected shape will be saved for the current user and activated the next time this user
opens the Remote Console. The number of available shapes depends on the Java
Virtual Machine; a version of 1.2 or higher offers the full list.
Figure 5-9. Remote Console Options Menu:Cursor
• Video Settings
Opens a panel for changing the IP-KVM switch video settings. IP-KVM switch features
two different dialogs, which influence the video settings.
Video Settings through the HTML-Frontend
To enable local video port, select this option. This option decides if the local video
output of IP-KVM switch is active and passing through the incoming signal from the
host system.
The option Noise Filter defines how IP-KVM switch reacts to small changes in the
video input signal. A large filter setting needs less network traffic and leads to a
faster video display, but small changes in some display regions may not be
recognized immediately. A small filter displays all changes instantly but may lead to
a constant amount of network traffic even if display content is not really changing
(depending on the quality of the video input signal). All in all the default setting
should be suitable for most situations.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Video Settings through the remote console
Figure 5-11. Video Settings Panel
Brightness Controls the brightness of the picture
Contrast Controls the contrast of the picture
Clock Defines the horizontal frequency for a video line and depends on the
video mode. Different video card types may require different values here. The
default settings in conjuction with the auto adjustment procedure should be
adequate for all common configurations. If the picture quality is still bad after
auto adjustment you may try to change this setting together with the sampling
phase to achieve a better quality.
Phase Defines the phase for video sampling, used to control the display quality
together with the setting for sampling clock.
Horizontal Position Use the left and right buttons to move the picture in
horizontal direction while this option is selected.
Vertical Position Use the left and right buttons to move the picture in vertical
direction while this option is selected.
Reset this Mode Reset mode specific settings to the factory-made defaults.
Reset all Modes Reset all settings to the factory-made defaults.
Save changes Save changes permanently
Undo Changes Restore last settings
• Soft Keyboard
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Figure 5-12. Soft Keyboard
Opens up the Menu for the Soft-Keyboard.
• Show
Pops up the Soft-Keyboard. The Soft-Keyboard is necessary in case your host
system runs a completely different language and country mapping than your
administration machine.
• Mapping
Used for choosing the according language and country mapping of the
Soft-Keyboard.
Figure 5-13. Soft Keyboard Mapping
• Local Keyboard
Used to change the language mapping of your browser machine running the Remote
Console Applet. Normally, the applet determines the correct value automatically.
However, depending on your particular JVM and your browser settings this is not
always possible. A typical example is a German localized system that uses an
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Single port KVM over IP switch
US-English keyboard mapping. In this case you have to change the Local Keyboard
setting to the right language, manually.
• Hotkeys
Opens a list of hotkeys defined before. Choose one entry, the command will be sent to
the host system.
A confirmation dialog can be added that will be displayed before sending the selected
command to the remote host. Select “OK” to perform the command on the remote host.
Figure 5-14. Remote Console Confirmation Dialog
5.4.2 Remote Console Status Line
Status line
Shows both console and the connection state. The size of the remote screen is displayed.
Figure 4-15 was taken from a Remote Console with a resolution of 800x600 pixels. The
value in brackets describes the connection to the Remote Console. “Norm” means a
standard connection without encryption, “SSL” indicates means a secure connection.
Figure 5-15. Status line
Furthermore, both the incoming (“In:”) and the outgoing (“Out:”) network traffic are visible
(in kb/s). If compressed encoding is enabled, a value in brackets displays the
compressed transfer rate.
Figure 5-16. Status line transfer rate
For more information about Monitor Only and Exclusive Access settings, see the according sections
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6. Menu Options
6.1 Remote Control
6.1.1
KVM Console
Figure 6-1. KVM Console
To open the KVM console, either clicks on the menu entry on the left, or on the console
picture on the right. To refresh the picture, click on the button “Refresh”.
For the power settings see the Section called Remote Power.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6.1.2
Telnet Console
Figure 6-2. Telnet Console
The IP-KVM switch firmware features a Telnet server that enables a user to connect via a
standard Telnet client. In case the Telnet program is using a VT 100, VT 102 or VT 220
terminal or an according emulation, it is even possible to perform a console redirection as
long as the IP-KVM switch host machine is using a text mode screen resolution.
Connecting to the IP-KVM switch is done as usual and as required by the Telnet client, for
instance in a UNIX shell:
telnet 192.168.1.22
Replace the IP address by the one that is actually assigned to the IP-KVM switch. This will
prompt for username and password in order to log into the device. The credentials that need
to be entered for authentication are identical to those of the web interface. That means, the
user management of the Telnet interface is entirely controlled with the according functions of
the web interface.
Once you have successfully logged into the IP-KVM switch a command line will be presented
and you can enter according management commands.
In general, the Telnet interface supports two operation modes: the command line mode and
the terminal mode. The command line mode is used to control or display some parameters.
In terminal mode the pass-through access to serial port 1 is activated (if the serial settings
were made accordingly). All inputs are redirected to the device on serial port 1 and its
answers are displayed on the Telnet interface.
The following list shows the according command mode command syntax and their usage.
help
Displays the list of possible commands
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Single port KVM over IP switch
cls
Clears the screen
quit
Exits the current session and disconnects from the client
version
Displays the release information
terminal
Starts the terminal passthrough mode for serial port 1. The key sequence esc exit
switches back to the command mode. The command has an optional parameter (1 or 2)
to select the desired serial port for passthrough access.
6.2 Virtual Media
6.2.1 Floppy Disk
Figure 6-3. Virtual Floppy Area
Upload a Floppy Image
Within two small steps working on the basis of a certain (floppy) image can be achieved.
• First, the path of the image has to be specified. You can do that either by hand, or by using
the file selection dialog of your web browser. To open the file selection dialog, click on the
button “Browse” and select the desired image file.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Figure 6-4. Select Image File
The maximum image size is limited to 1.44MB. To use a larger image, mount this image via
Windows Share (or SAMBA) (see the Section called Use Image on Windows Share
(SAMBA) for details).
• Second, click on the button “Upload” to initiate the transfer of the chosen image file into the
IP-KVM switch s onboard memory. This image file is kept in the onboard memory of the
IP-KVM switch until the end of the current session, until you logged out, or initiated a reboot
of the IP-KVM switch.
6.2.2 CD ROM
Use Image on Windows Share (SAMBA)
To include an image from a Windows share, select “ CD-ROM ” from the submenu.
Figure 6-6. Selecting CD ROM
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Figure 6-7. Select Windows Share
The following information has to be given to mount the image properly:
Share host
The server name, or its IP address.
Share name
The name of the share to be used.
Path to image The path of the image file on the share.
User (optional)
If necessary, specify the user name for the share named before. If
unspecified, and a guest account is activated, this guest account information will be
used as your login.
Password (optional)
If necessary, specify the password for the given user name.
To register the specified file image and its location click on the button “ Set”.
The specified image file is supposed to be accessible from the IP-KVM switch. The
information above has to be given from the point of view of the IP-KVM switch. It is important
to specify correct IP addresses, and device names. Otherwise, IP-KVM switch may not be
able to access the referenced image file.
Furthermore, the specified share has to be configured correctly. Therefore, administrative
permissions are required. As a regular user you may not have these permissions. You should
either login as a system administrator (or as “ root ” on UNIX systems), or ask your system
administrator for help to complete this task.
Windows 2000/XP
Open the Explorer, navigate to the directory (or share), and press the right mouse button
to open the context menu.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Figure 6-8. Explorer context menu
Select “Sharing” to open the configuration dialog.
Figure 6-9. Share configuration dialog
Adjust the settings for the selected directory.
• Activate the selected directory as a share. Select “ Sharing this folder ”.
• Choose an appropriate name for the share. You may also add a short description for
this folder (input field “ Comment ”).
• If necessary, adjust the permissions (button “permissions”).
• Click “ OK ” to set the options for this share.
UNIX and UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Solaris, Linux)
If you like to access the share via SAMBA, SAMBA has to be set up properly. You may
either edit the SAMBA configuration file /etc/samba/smb.conf, or use the Samba Web
Administration Tool (SWAT) or WebMin to set the correct parameters.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
For additional options see the Section called Options for details.
Creating an Image
Floppy Images
UNIX and UNIX-like OS
To create an image file, make use of “dd”. This is one of the original UNIX utilities and is
included in every UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Sun Solaris, Linux).
To create a floppy image file, copy the contents of a floppy to a file. You can use the following
command:
dd [ if=/dev/fd0 ] [ of=/tmp/floppy.image ]
dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/fd0 , and saves the output in the specified
output file /tmp/floppy.image. Adjust both parameters exactly to your needs (input device
etc.)
MS Windows
You can use the tool “RawWrite for Windows”. It is included on the CD ROM shipped with
IP-KVM switch.
Figure 6-10. RawWrite for Windows selection dialog
From the menu, select the tab “Read”. Enter (or choose) the name of the file in which you
would like to save the floppy content. Click on the button “Copy” to initiate the image creation
process.
For related tools you may have a look at www.fdos.org 1.
CD ROM/ISO Images
UNIX and UNIX-like OS
To create an image file, make use of “dd”. This is one of the original UNIX utilities and is
included in every UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Sun Solaris, Linux).
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Single port KVM over IP switch
To create a CDROM image file, copy the contents of the CDROM to a file. You can use the
following command:
dd [ if=/dev/cdrom ] [ of=/tmp/cdrom.image ]
dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/cdrom, and saves the output in the specified
output file /tmp/cdrom.image. Adjust both parameters exactly to your needs (input device
etc.).
MS Windows
To create the image file, use your favorite CD imaging tool. Copy the whole contents of the
disc into one single image file on your hard disk.
For example, with “Nero” you choose “Copy and Backup”. Then, navigate to the “Copy Disc ”
section. Select the CD ROM or DVD drive you would like to create an image from. Specify
the filename of the image, and save the CD ROM content in that file.
Figure 6-11. Nero selection dialog
6.2.3 Drive redirection
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6.2.3.1 Driver Installation
Please follow the KVM Vision Viewer Setup Wizard step by step to install the driver from
the attached CD ROM.
5-2
5-1
5-3
5-4
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Single port KVM over IP switch
5-5
Figure 5-17. KVM Vision Viewer Setup step
6.2.3.2 Create a New Device
¾ Start KVM Vision Viewer
¾ Click on “Device” and select “New Device” to create a new device
Figure 5-17. Create a new Device
Figure 5-17. Device Configuration dialog
Device Name: Enter a name to your device.
Network Address: Enter an IP address the IP-KVM switch uses.
Authentication Port: This is a fixed number “443”.
Username: The factory default Username is “super”
Password: The factory default Password is “pass”.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Connection Mode: With this option, you can specify whether the connection mode
is “LAN”, “DSL”, “UMTS”, “ISDN 128k’ or “ISDN/Modem V9.0”.
¾ Click Ok, the new device will be added as below,
Figure 5-18. New Device
6.2.3.3 Drive Redirection Settings
¾ Move the cursor to the new device that has been created.
¾ Click on “Device” then select “Drive Redirection” and “Redirect local drive”.
Figure 5-19. Drive Redirection Setting select
Figure 5-20. Drive Redirection dialog
Drive to redirect
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Select the local drive you want to share with the remote computer, which could be Floppy
disc, CD-ROMs, USB-Sticks and hard drives.
Port: This is a fixed number “443”.
Warning
Please be cautious that if “Allow Write Support” is selected, all data on the shred media
might be destroyed.
Device Authentication
The factory default Username is “super” and the default Password is “pass”.
¾ Click Ok, the new device icon will be changed as below,
Figure 5-21. Drive Redirection finished
Warning
1. Drive Redirection is only possible with Windows 2000 and the latter version.
2. The Drive Redirection works on a low SCSI level and the SCSI protocol cannot recognize
partitions; therefore the whole drive selected will be shared instead of any particular
partition.
3. While connecting to a legacy KVM switch, please select PS/2 mouse for
Keyboard/Mouse setting from webpage. Otherwise you will be not be able to use
Hot-key.
6.2.4 Options
Options
Figure 6-5. USB mass storage option
Set this option to disable the mass storage emulation (and hide the virtual drive) if no image
file is currently loaded. If unset, and no file image will be found it may happen that the host
system will hang on boot due to changes in the boot order, or the boot manager (LILO,
GRUB). This case was reported for some Windows versions (2000, XP), other OS might not
be fully excluded. This behavior depends on the BIOS version used in that machine.
To set this option, press the button “Apply”.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6.3 User Management
6.3.1
Change Password
Figure 6-12. Set password
To change your password, enter the new password in the upper entry field. Retype the
password in the filed below. Click “ Apply ” to submit your changes.
6.3.2 Users And Groups
Figure 6-13. Set User
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Single port KVM over IP switch
The IP-KVM switch comes with 2 pre-configured user accounts that have fixed permissions.
The account super has all possible rights to configure the device and to use all functions
IP-KVM switch offers. The account “user” has only the permission to open and use the
Remote Console. Even his user name and password can only be changed by the super
account.
Upon delivery, both accounts have the password pass. Make sure to change these
passwords immediately after you have installed and firstly accessed your IP-KVM switch.
While the “user” account never sees the following options, the user “super” account can
change the name and password for both accounts.
Existing users
Select an existing user for modification. Once a user has been selected, click the lookup
button to see the user information.
New User name
The new user name for the selected account.
Password
The password for the login name. It must be at least four characters long.
Confirm password
Confirmation of the password above.
6.4 KVM Settings
6.4.1
User Console
The following settings are user specific. That means, the super user can customize these
settings for every users separately. Changing the settings for one user does not affect the
settings for the other users.
Figure 6-14. User Console Settings (Part 1)
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Single port KVM over IP switch
User select box
This selection box displays the user ID for which the values are shown and for which the
changes will take effect. You may change the settings of other users if you have the
necessary access rights.
Transmission Encoding
The Transmission Encoding setting allows changing the image-encoding algorithm that is
used to transmit the video data to the Remote Console window. It is possible to optimize
the speed of the remote screen depending on the number of users working at the same
time and the bandwidth of the connection line (Modem, ISDN, DSL, LAN, etc.).
Automatic detection
The encoding and the compression level is determined automatically from the
available bandwidth and the current content of the video image.
Pre-configured
The pre-configured settings deliver the best result because of optimized adjustment
of compression and colour depth for the indicated network speed.
Manually
Allows to adjust both compression rate and the colour depth individually. Depending
on the selected compression rate the data stream between the IP-KVM switch and
the Remote Console will be compressed in order to save bandwidth. Since high
compression rates are very time consuming, they should not be used while several
users are accessing the IP-KVM switch simultaneously.
The standard colour depth is 16 Bit (65536 colours). The other colour depths are
intended for slower network connections in order to allow a faster transmission of
data. Therefore compression level 0 (no compression) uses only 16 Bit colour depth.
At lower bandwidths only 4 Bit (16 colours) and 2 Bit (4 gray scales) are
recommended for typical desktop interfaces. Photo-like pictures have best results
with 4 Bit (16 gray scales). 1 Bit colour depth (black/white) should only be used for
extremely slow network connections.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Figure 6-15. User Console Settings (Part 2)
Remote Console Type
Specifies, which Remote Console Viewer to use.
Default Java-VM
Uses the default Java Virtual Machine of your Browser. This may be the Microsoft
JVM for the Internet Explorer, or the Sun JVM if it is configured this way. Use of the
Sun JVM may also be forced (see below).
Sun Microsystems Java Browser Plugin
Instructs the web browser of your administration system to use the JVM of Sun
Microsystems. The JVM in the browser is used to run the code for the Remote
Console window, which is actually a Java Applet. If you check this box for the first
time on your administration system and the appropriate Java plug-in is not already
installed on your system, it will be downloaded and installed automatically. However,
in order to make the installation possible, you still need to answer the according
dialogs with “yes” . The download volume is around 11 Mbytes. The advantage of
downloading Sun's JVM lays in providing a stable and identical Java Virtual Machine
across different platforms. The Remote Console software is optimized for this JVM
versions and offers wider range of functionality when run in SUN's JVM. (Hint: If you
are connected over a slow connection to the Internet you can also pre-install the JVM
on your administration machine. The software is available on the CD ROM that is
delivered along with the IP-KVM switch.)
ActiveX control
This option instructs the web browser to use the ActiveX-Control of the KVM Vision
Viewer, an application available separately. You have to install this program on your
local system, please refer to the manual of the KVM vision viewer for further
information. This option only works with Microsoft Internet Explorer on Win32
Systems.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Miscellaneous Remote Console Settings
Start in Monitor Mode
Sets the initial value for the monitor mode. By default the monitor mode is off. In case
you switch it on, the Remote Console window will be started in a read only mode.
Start in Exclusive Access Mode
Enables the exclusive access mode immediately at Remote Console startup. This
forces the Remote Consoles of all other users to close. No one can open the Remote
Console at the same time again until this user disables the exclusive access or logs
off.
Mouse hotkey
Allows to specify a hotkey combination which starts either the mouse synchronization
process if pressed in the Remote Console, or is used to leave the single mouse mode.
Remote Console Button Keys
Button Keys allow simulating keystrokes on the remote system that cannot be generated
locally. The reason for this might be a missing key or the fact, that the local operating
system of the Remote Console is unconditionally catching this keystroke already. Typical
examples are “Control+Alt+Delete” on Windows and DOS, what is always caught, or
“ Control+Backspace ” on Linux for terminating the X-Server. The syntax to define a new
Button Key is as follows:
[confirm] <keycode>[+|-[*]<keycode>]*
“confirm” requests confirmation by a dialog box before the key strokes will be sent to the
remote host.
“ keycode” is the key to be sent. Multiple key codes can be concatenated with a plus, or a
minus sign. The plus sign builds key combinations, all keys will be pressed until a minus
sign or the end of the combination is encountered. In this case all pressed keys will be
released in reversed sequence. So the minus sign builds single, separate keypresses
and -releases. The star inserts a pause with duration of 100 milliseconds.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6.4.2
Keyboard/Mouse
Figure 6-17. Keyboard and Mouse Settings
Host Interface
Enables a certain interface the mouse is connected to. You can choose between “Auto”
for automatic detection, “USB” for an USB mouse, and “PS/2” for a PS/2 mouse.
Warning
To use the USB and/or PS/2 interface you need a correct cabling between the
managed host and the managing device. If the managed host has no USB
keyboard support in the BIOS and you have connected the USB cable only then
you will have no remote keyboard access during the boot process of the host. If
USB and PS/2 are both connected and you selected “ Auto ” as host interface,
then the card will select “ USB ” if available or otherwise falls back to “ PS/2 ”.
To get USB remote keyboard access during the boot process of the host, the following
conditions must be fulfilled:
• the host bios must have USB keyboard support
• the USB cable must be connected or must be selected in the Host interface option
PS/2 Keyboard Model
Enables a certain keyboard layout. You can choose between “Generic 101-Key PC” for a
standard keyboard layout, “Generic 104-Key PC” for a standard keyboard layout
extendend by three additional windows keys, “Generic 106-Key PC” for a japanese
keyboard, and “Apple Macintosh” for the Apple Macintosh.
USB Mouse Type
Enables USB mouse type. Choose between “MS Windows 2000 or newer” for MS
Windows 2000 or Windows XP, or “Other Operating Systems” for MS Windows NT, Linux,
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Single port KVM over IP switch
or OS X. In “MS Windows 2000 or newer” mode the remote mouse is always
synchronized with the local mouse.
Mouse Speed
• Auto mouse speed
Use this option if the mouse settings on host use an additional acceleration setting. The
IP-KVM switch tries to detect the acceleration and speed of the mouse during the
mouse sync process.
• Fixed mouse speed
Use a direct translation of mouse movements between the local and the remote pointer.
You may also set a fixed scaling which determines the amount the remote mouse
pointer is moved when the local mouse pointer is moved by one pixel. This option only
works when the mouse settings on the host are linear. This means that there is no
mouse acceleration involved.
To set the options, click on the button “Apply”.
6.4.3
Video
Figure 6-18. Video Settings
Miscellaneous Video Settings
• Noise filter
This option defines how the IP-KVM switch reacts to small changes in the video input
signal. A large filter setting needs less network traffic and leads to a faster video display,
but small changes in some display regions may not be recognized immediately. A small
filter displays all changes instantly but may lead to a constant amount of network traffic
even if the display content is not really changing (depending on the quality of the video
input signal). All in all the default setting should be suitable for most situations.
• Force Composite Sync (Required for Sun Computers)
To support signal transmission from a Sun machine, enable this option. If not enabled
the picture of the remote console will not be visible.
To set the options, click on the button “Apply” .
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6.4.4
Video
Figure 6-18. Video Settings
Local Video Port Settings
Enable local video port
This option decides if the local video output of the IP-KVM switch is active and passing
through the incoming signal from the host system.
Miscellaneous Video Settings
• Noise filter
This option defines how the IP-KVM switch reacts to small changes in the video input
signal. A large filter setting needs less network traffic and leads to a faster video display,
but small changes in some display regions may not be recognized immediately. A small
filter displays all changes instantly but may lead to a constant amount of network traffic
even if the display content is not really changing (depending on the quality of the video
input signal). All in all the default setting should be suitable for most situations.
• Force Composite Sync (Required for Sun Computers)
To support signal transmission from a Sun machine, enable this option. If not enabled
the picture of the remote console will not be visible.
To set the options, click on the button “ Apply ” .
6.5 Device Settings
6.5.1
Network
The Network Settings panel as shown in Figure 6-19 allows changing network related
parameters. Each parameter will be explained below. Once applied the new network settings
will immediately come into effect.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Figure 6-19. Network Settings
Warning
The initial IP configuration is usually done directly at the host system using the
special procedure described in Table 4-1.
Warning
Changing the network settings of the IP-KVM switch might result in losing connection
to it. In case you change the settings remotely make sure that all the values are
correct and you still have an option to access the IP-KVM switch.
IP auto configuration
With this option you can control if the IP-KVM switch should fetch its network settings
from a DHCP or BOOTP server. For DHCP, select “dhcp” , and for BOOTP select “bootp”
accordingly. If you choose “none” then IP auto configuration is disabled.
IP address
IP address in the usual dot notation.
Subnet Mask
The net mask of the local network.
Gateway IP address
In case the IP-KVM switch should be accessible from networks other than the local one,
this IP address must be set to the local network router's IP address.
Primary DNS Server IP Address
IP address of the primary Domain Name Server in dot notation. This option may be left
empty, however the IP-KVM switch will not be able to perform name resolution.
Secondary DNS Server IP Address
IP address of the secondary Domain Name Server in dot notation. It will be used in case
the Primary DNS Server cannot be contacted.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Remote Console And HTTPS port
Port number at which the IP-KVM switch's Remote Console server and HTTPS server
are listening. If left empty the default value will be used.
HTTP port
Port number at which the IP-KVM switch's HTTP server is listening. If left empty the
default value will be used.
Telnet port
Port number at which the IP-KVM switch's Telnet server is listening. If left empty the
default value will be used.
Bandwidth limitation
The maximum network traffic generated through the IP-KVM switch ethernet device.
Value in Kbit/s.
Enable Telnet access
Set this option to allow accessing the LARA express using the Telnet
Gateway see the Section called Telnet Console ).
Disable Setup Protocol
Enable this option to exclude the IP-KVM switch from the setup protocol.
6.5.2
Dynamic DNS
Figure 6-20. Dynamic DNS
A freely available Dynamic DNS service (dyndns.org) can be used in the following scenario
(see Figure 6-21):
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Figure 6-21. Dynamic DNS Scenario
The IP-KVM switch is reachable via the IP address of the DSL router, which is dynamically
assigned by the provider. Since the administrator does not know the IP address assigned by
the provider, the IP-KVM switch connects to a special dynamic DNS server in regular
intervals and registers its IP address there. The administrator may contact this server as well
and pick up the same IP address belonging to his card.
The administrator has to register an IP-KVM switch that is supposed to take part in the
service with the Dynamic DNS Server and assign a certain hostname to it. He will get a
nickname and a password in return to the registration process. This account information
together with the hostname is needed in order to determine the IP address of the registered
IP-KVM switch.
You have to perform the following steps in order to enable Dynamic DNS:
• Make sure that the LAN interface of the IP-KVM switch is properly configured.
• Enter the Dynamic DNS Settings configuration dialog as shown in Figure 6-20.
• Enable Dynamic DNS and change the settings according to your needs (see below).
Enable Dynamic DNS
This enables the Dynamic DNS service. This requires a configured DNS server IP
address.
Dynamic DNS server
This is the server name where IP-KVM switch registers itself in regular intervals.
Currently, this is a fixed setting since only dyndns.org is supported for now.
Hostname
This is the hostname of the IP-KVM switch that is provided by the Dynamic DNS Server.
(use the whole name including the domain, e.g. testserver.dyndns.org , not just the actual
hostname).
Username
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Single port KVM over IP switch
You have registered this username during your manual registration with the Dynamic
DNS Server. Spaces are not allowed in the Nickname.
Password
You have used this password during your manual registration with the Dynamic DNS
Server.
Check time
The IP-KVM switch card registers itself in the Dynamic DNS server at this time.
Check interval
This is the interval for reporting again to the Dynamic DNS server by the IP-KVM switch.
Warning
The IP-KVM switch has its own independent real time clock. Make sure the time
setting of the IP-KVM switch is correct. (see the Section called Date And Time )
6.5.3
Security
Figure 6-22. Device Security
Force HTTPS
If this option is enabled access to the web front-end is only possible using an HTTPS
connection. The IP-KVM switch will not listen on the HTTP port for incoming connections.
In case you want to create your own SSL certificate that is used to identify the IP-KVM
switch refer to the Section called Certificate.
KVM encryption
This option controls the encryption of the RFB protocol. RFB is used by the Remote
Console to transmit both the screen data to the administrator machine and keyboard and
mouse data back to the host. If set to `Off' no encryption will be used. If set to `Try' the
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Single port KVM over IP switch
applet tries to make an encrypted connection. In case connection establishment fails for
any reason an unencrypted connection will be used.
If set to “Force” the applet tries to make an encrypted connection. An error will be
reported in case connection establishment fails.
6.5.4
Certificate
Figure 6-23. Certificate Settings
The IP-KVM switch uses the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) protocol for any encrypted network
traffic between itself and a connected client. During the connection establishment the
IP-KVM switch has to expose its identity to a client using a cryptographic certificate. Upon
delivery, this certificate and the underlying secret key is the same for all IP-KVM switch ever
produced and certainly will not match the network configuration that will be applied to the
IP-KVM switch cards by its user. The certificate's underlying secret key is also used for
securing the SSL handshake. Hence, this is a security risk (but far better than no encryption
at all).
However, it is possible to generate and install a new certificate that is unique for a particular
IP-KVM switch card. In order to do that, the IP-KVM switch is able to generate a new
cryptographic key and the associated Certificate Signing Request (CSR) that needs to be
certified by a certification authority (CA). A certification authority verifies that you are the
person who you claim you are, and signs and issues a SSL certificate to you.
The following steps are necessary to create and install a SSL certificate for the IP-KVM
switch:
• Create a SSL Certificate Signing Request using the panel shown in Figure 6-23. You need
to fill out a number of fields that are explained below. Once this is done, click on the button
“ Create ” which will initiate the Certificate Signing Request generation. The CSR can be
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Single port KVM over IP switch
downloaded to your administration machine with the “Download CSR” button (see Figure
6-24).
• Send the saved CSR to a CA for certification. You will get the new certificate from the CA
after a more or less complicated traditional authentication process (depending on the CA).
• Upload the certificate to the IP-KVM switch using the “ Upload ” button as shown in Figure
6-24.
Figure 6-24. SSL Certificate Upload
After completing these three steps, the IP-KVM switch has its own certificate that is used for
identifying the card to its clients.
Warning
If you destroy the CSR on the IP-KVM switch there is no way to get it back! In case
you deleted it by mistake, you have to repeat the three steps as described above.
Common name
This is the network name of the IP-KVM switch once it is installed in the user's network
(usually the fully qualified domain name). It is identical to the name that is used to access
the IP-KVM switch with a web browser (without the “ http:// ” prefix). In case the name
given here and the actual network name differ, the browser will pop up a security warning
when the IP-KVM switch is accessed using HTTPS.
Organizational unit
This field is used for specifying to which department within an organization the IP-KVM
switch belongs.
Organization
The name of the organization to which the IP-KVM switch belongs.
Locality/City
The city where the organization is located.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
State/Province
The state or province where the organization is located.
Country (ISO code)
The country where the organization is located. This is the two-letter ISO code, e.g. DE for
Germany, or US for the USA.
Challenge Password
Some certification authorities require a challenge password to authorize later changes on
the certificate (e.g. revocation of the certificate). The minimal length of this password is 4
characters.
Confirm Challenge Password
Confirmation of the Challenge Password
Email
The email address of a contact person that is responsible for the IP-KVM switch and its
security.
Key length
This is the length of the generated key in bits. 1024 Bits are supposed to be sufficient for
most cases. Longer keys may result in slower response time of the IP-KVM switch during
connection establishment.
6.5.5
Serial Port
Figure 6-25. Serial Port
The IP-KVM switch Serial Settings (Figure 6-25) allows you to specify what device is
connected to the serial port and how to use it.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Configuration or console login
Do not use the serial port for any special function, use it only for the initial configuration
(see Table 4-1 ).
Modem
The IP-KVM switch offers remote access using a telephone line in addition to the
standard access over the built-in Ethernet adapter. The modem needs to be connected to
the serial interface of the IP-KVM switch .
Logically, connecting to the IP-KVM switch using a telephone line means nothing else
than building up a dedicated point-to-point connection from your console computer to the
IP-KVM switch. In other words, the IP-KVM switch acts as an Internet Service Provider
(ISP) to which you can dial in. The connection is established using the Point-to-Point
Protocol (PPP). Before you connect to the IP-KVM switch, make sure to configure your
console computer accordingly. For instance, on Windows based operating systems you
can configure a dial-up network connection, which defaults to the right settings like PPP.
The Modem Settings panel allows you to configure the remote access to the IP-KVM
switch using a modem. The meaning of each parameter will be described below. The
modem settings are part of the serial settings panel.
Serial line speed
The speed the IP-KVM switch is communicating with the modem. Most of all modems
available today will support the default value of 115200 bps. In case you are using an
old modem and discovering problems try to lower this speed.
Modem Init String
The initialization string used by the IP-KVM switch to initialize the modem. The default
value will work with all modern standard modems directly connected to a telephone
line. In case you have a special modem or the modem is connected to a local
telephone switch that requires a special dial sequence in order to establish a
connection to the public telephone network, you can change this setting by giving a
new string. Refer to the modem's manual about the AT command syntax.
Modem server IP address
This IP address will be assigned to the IP-KVM switch itself during the PPP
handshake. Since it is a point-to-point IP connection virtually every IP address is
possible but you must make sure, it is not interfering with the IP settings of the
IP-KVM switch and your console computer. The default value will work in most cases.
Modem client IP address
This IP address will be assigned to your console computer during the PPP
handshake. Since it is a point-to-point IP connection virtually every IP address is
possible but you must make sure, it is not interfering with the IP settings of the
IP-KVM switch and your console computer. The default value will work in most cases.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Passthrough access to serial port via Telnet
Using this option, it is possible to connect an arbitrary device to the serial port and access
it (assuming it provides terminal support) via Telnet. Select the appropriate options for the
serial port and use the Telnet Console, or a standard Telnet client to connect to the
IP-KVM switch .
IPM 220-L (Inline Power Module)
This is an optionally available external module to switch power of a single system by
putting it in the power supply line of the controlled system.
6.5.6
Date And Time
Figure 6-27. Date and Time
This link refers to a page, where the internal real-time clock of the IP-KVM switch can be set
up (see Figure 6-27). You have the possibility to adjust the clock manually, or to use a NTP
timeserver. Without a timeserver, your time setting will not be persistent, so you have to
adjust it again, after IP-KVM switch loses power for more than a few minutes. To avoid this,
you can use a NTP timeserver, which sets up the internal clock automatically to the current
UTC time. Because NTP server time is always UTC, there is a setting that allows you to set
up a static offset to get your local time.
Warning
There is currently no way to adjust the daylight saving time automatically. So you
have to set up the UTC offset twice a year properly to the local rules of your country.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6.5.7
Event Log
Figure 6-29. Event Log
Important events like a login failure or a firmware update are logged to a selection of logging
destinations (see Figure 6-29). Each of those events belongs to an event group, which can
be activated separately.
The common way to log events is to use the internal log list of the IP-KVM switch. To show
the log list, click on “Event Log” on the “Maintenance” page. In the Event Log Settings you
can choose how many log entries are shown on each page. Furthermore, you can clear the
log file here.
List logging enabled
The common way to log events is to use the internal log list of the IP-KVM switch . To
show the log list, click on “Event Log” on the “Maintenance” page.
Since the IP-KVM switch's system memory is used to save all the information, the
maximum number of possible log list entries is restricted to 1.000 events. Every entry that
exceeds this limit overrides the oldest one, automatically.
Warning
If the reset button on the HTML frontend is used to restart the IP-KVM switch, all
logging information is saved permanently and is available after the IP-KVM
switch has been started. If the IP-KVM switch loses power or a hard reset is
performed, all logging data will be lost. To avoid this, use one of the following log
methods.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
NFS Logging enabled
Define a NFS server, where a directory or a static link have to be exported, to write all
logging data to a file that is located there. To write logging data from more than one
IP-KVM switch devices to only one NFS share, you have to define a file name that is
unique for each device. When you change the NFS settings and press the button “Apply” ,
the NFS share will be mounted immediately. That means, the NFS share and the NFS
server must be filled with valid sources or you will get an error message.
SMTP Logging enabled
With this option, the IP-KVM switch is able to send Emails to an address given by the
Email address text field in the Event Log Settings. These mails contain the same
description strings as the internal log file and the mail subject is filled with the event group
of the occurred log event. In order to use this log destination you have to specify a SMTP
server, that has to be reachable from the IP-KVM switch device and that needs no
authentication at all (<serverip>:<port>).
SNMP Logging enabled
If this is activated, the IP-KVM switch sends a SNMP trap to a specified destination IP
address, every time a log event occurs. If the receiver requires a community string, you
can set it in the appropriate text field. Most of the event traps only contain one descriptive
string with all information about the log event. Only authentication and host power events
have an own trap class that consists of several fields with detailed information about the
occurred event. To receive this SNMP traps, any SNMP trap listener may be used.
Warning
In contrast to the internal log file on the IP-KVM switch, the size of the NFS log file is
not limited. Every log event will be appended to the end of the file so it grows
continuously and you may have to delete it or move it away from time to time.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6.6 Maintenance
6.6.1
Device Information
Figure 6-31. Device Information
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Board Summary
This section contains a summary with various information about this
IP-KVM and its current firmware and allows you to reset the card. You
may have a look at Figure 6-31 for an example.
The Data file for support allows you to download the IP-KVM data file
with specific support information. This is an XML file with certain
customized support information like the serial number etc. You may send
us this information together with a support request. It will help us to
locate and solve your reported problem.
[Figure 6-32. Connected Users]
Figure 6-31 displays the IP-KVM activity. From left to right the
connected user(s), its IP address (from which host the user comes from)
and its activity status is displayed. RC means that the Remote
Console is open. If the Remote Console is opened in exclusive mode
the term (exclusive mode) is added. For more information about this
option see the Section called Remote Console Control Bar in Chapter 5 .
To display the user activity the last column contains either the term
active for an active user or 20 min idle for an user who is
inactive for a certain amount of time.
Reset Functions
This section allows you to reset specific parts of the device. Currently this involves the video
engine and the IP-KVM switch itself. Resetting the card itself is mainly needed to activate a
newly updated firmware. It will close all current connections to the administration console and
to the Remote Console. The whole process will take about half a minute. Resetting sub
devices (e.g. video engine) will take some seconds only and do not result in closing
connections.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Event Log
Figure 6-32. Event Log List
Figure 6-32 displays the log list including the events that are logged by the IP-KVM switch.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
6.6.2
Update Firmware
Figure 6-33. Update Firmware
The IP-KVM switch is a complete standalone computer. The software it runs is called the
firmware. The firmware of the IP-KVM switch can be updated remotely in order to install new
functionality or special features.
A new firmware update is a binary file which will be sent to you by email or which you can
download from the supplier web site. If the firmware file is compressed (file suffix .zip) then
you must unzip it before you can proceed. Under the Windows operating system you may
use WinZip from http://www.winzip.com/ for uncompression. Other operating systems might
provide a program called unzip.
Before you can start updating the firmware of your IP-KVM switch the new uncompressed
firmware file has to be accessible on the system that you use for connecting to the IP-KVM
switch.
Updating the firmware is a three-stage process:
• Firstly, the new firmware file is uploaded onto the IP-KVM switch. In order to do that you
need to select the file on your local system using the button “ Browse ” of the Upload
Firmware panel. Once the firmware file has been uploaded, it is checked whether it is a
valid firmware file and whether there were any transmission errors. In case of any error the
Upload Firmware function will be aborted.
• Secondly, if everything went well, you see the Update Firmware panel. The panel shows
you the version number of the currently running firmware and the version number of the
uploaded firmware. Pressing the button “Update” will store the new version and substitute
the old one completely.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Warning
This process is not reversible and might take some minutes. Make sure the IP-KVM
switch 's power supply will not be interrupted during the update process, because
this may cause an unusable card.
•
Thirdly, after the firmware has been stored, the panel will request you to reset the IP-KVM
switch manually. Half a minute after the reset, the IP-KVM switch will run with the new
firmware version and should be accessible. However, you are requested to login once
again.
Warning
The three-stage firmware update process and complete consistency check are
making a mistake in updating the firmware almost impossible. However, only
experienced staff members or administrators should perform a firmware update.
Make sure the IP-KVM switch 's power supply will not be interrupted!
6.6.3
Unit Reset
Figure 6-34. Unit Reset
This section allows you to reset specific parts of the device. This
involves the both keyboard and mouse, the video engine and the IP-KVM
itself. Resetting the card itself is mainly needed to activate a newly
updated firmware. It will close all current connections to the
administration console and to the Remote Console.
The whole process will take about half a minute. Resetting subdevices
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Single port KVM over IP switch
(e.g. video engine) will take some seconds only and does not result in
closing connections. To reset a certain IP-KVM functionality click on
the button Reset as displayed in Figure 6-34 .
Note: Only the super user is allowed to reset the IP-KVM.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
7. Troubleshooting
Q 001: The remote mouse doesn’t work or is not synchronous
A 001: Make sure the mouse settings in IP-KVM switch match the mouse model. There are some
circumstances where the mouse synchronization process could behave incorrectly, refer to Section
5.3.3 for further explanation.
Q 002: The video quality is bad or the picture is grainy
A 002: Try to correct the brightness and contrast settings (see Section 5.3.4) until they are out of a
range where the picture looks grainy. Use the auto adjustment feature to correct a flickering video.
Q 003: Login on IP-KVM switch fails.
A 003: Was the correct combination of user and password given? On delivery, the user ”super” has
the password ”pass”. Moreover your browser must be configured to accept cookies.
Q 004: The Remote Console window can’t connect to IP-KVM switch.
A 004: Possibly a firewall prevents access to the Remote Console. Make sure the TCP port numbers
443 or 80 are open for incoming TCP connection establishments.
Q 005: No connection can be established to IP-KVM switch.
A 005: Check whether the network connection is working in general (ping the IP address of IP-KVM
switch). If not, check network hardware. Is IP-KVM switch powered on? Check whether the IP address
of IP-KVM switch and all other IP related settings are correct! Also verify that all the IP infrastructure of
your LAN, like routers etc., is correctly configured. Without a ping functioning, IP-KVM switch can’t
work either.
Q 006: Special key combinations, e.g. ALT+F2, ALT+F3 are intercepted by the console system and
not transmitted to the host.
A 006: You have to define a so-called ’Button Key’. This can be done in the Remote Console settings.
Q 007: In the browser the IP-KVM switch pages are inconsistent or chaotic.
A 007: Make sure your browser cache settings are feasible. Especially make sure the cache settings
are not set to something like ”never check for newer pages”. Otherwise IP-KVM switch pages may be
loaded from your browser cache and not from the card.
Q 008: Windows XP doesn’t awake from standby mode
A 008: This is possibly a Windows XP problem. Try not to move the mouse while XP goes in standby
mode.
Q 009: Using MacOS X a HTTPS connection fails
A 009: You have to install the IP-KVM switch certificate using our certificate installer, available on the
utility CD. Please refer to the instructions on this CD for further information how to install the
certificate.
Q 010: Can’t upload the signed certificate in MacOS X
A 010: If an ’internal error’ occurs while uploading the signed certificate either change the extension of
the file to .txt or add a file helper using the Internet Explorer preferences for this type of file. Make sure
that the encoding is plain text and the checkbox ’use for outgoing’ is checked. Another possibility is to
use a Mozilla based browser.
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Single port KVM over IP switch
Q 011: Every time I open a dialog box with some buttons the mouse pointers are not synchronous
anymore
A 011: Please check, if you have an option like ”‘Automatically move mouse pointer to the default
button of dialog boxes”’ enabled in the mouse settings of the operating system. This option needs to
be disabled.
8. Certificates
FCC
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference
(2) This device must accept any interference received. Including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
CE – Certificate
This equipment is in compliance with the requirements of the following regulations: EN 55 022: CLASS
B
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Single port PS2 KVM over IP
A. Pin Assignments
A.1 VGA HD-15
A.2 RJ 45 Connector Ethernet
Single port PS2 KVM over IP
A.3 RJ 45 Connector ISDN
A.4 Serial SUB-D 9 Connector 1
A.5 KVM 15 pin connector
Single port PS2 KVM over IP
B. Key Codes
Table C.1 shows the key codes used to defines keystrokes or hotkeys for several functions.
Please note that these key codes do not represent necessarily key characters that are used on
international keyboards. They name a key on a standard 104 key PC keyboard with an US
English language mapping. The layout for this keyboard is shown in Figure C.1. However, most
modifier keys and other alphanumeric keys used for hotkey purposes in application programs are
on an identical position, no matter what language mapping you are using. Some of the keys have
aliases also, means they can be named by 2 key codes (separated by comma in the table).
Figure B.1: English (US) Keyboard Layout, used for key codes
Key (and aliases)
0-9
A-Z
, TILDE
-, MINUS
=, EQUALS
;
’
<, LESS
,
.
/, SLASH
BACK SPACE
TAB
[
]
ENTER
CAPS LOCK
\, BACK SLASH
LSHIFT, SHIFT
RCTRL
RSHIFT
LCTRL, CTRL
LALT, ALT
SPACE
ALTGR
ESCAPE, ESC
Single port PS2 KVM over IP
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
PRINTSCREEN
SCROLL LOCK
BREAK
INSERT
HOME
PAGE UP
DELETE
END
PAGE DOWN
UP
LEFT
DOWN
RIGHT
NUM LOCK
NUMPAD0
NUMPAD1
NUMPAD2
NUMPAD3
NUMPAD4
NUMPAD5
NUMPAD6
NUMPAD7
NUMPAD8
NUMPAD9
NUMPADPLUS,NUMPAD PLUS
NUMPAD/
NUMPADMUL,NUMPAD MUL
NUMPADMINUS,NUMPAD MINUS
NUMPADENTER
WINDOWS
MENU
Table B.1: Key Names
Single port PS2 KVM over IP
C. Video Modes
Table B.1 lists the video modes IP-KVM switch supports. Please don’t use other custom video
settings besides of these. If done so, IP-KVM switch may not be able to detect them.
Resolution (x, y)
Refresh Rates (Hz)
640 x 350
70, 85
640 x 400
56, 70, 85
640 x 480
60, 67, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100, 120
720 x 400
70, 85
800 x 600
56, 60, 70, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100
832 x 624
75
1024 x 768
60, 70, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100
1152 x 864
75
1152 x 870
75
1152 x 900
66
1280 x 960
60
1280 x 1024
60, 75
Table C.1 Video mode
D. Rack mount kit installation diagram
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