User`s manual | Axis Communications 209 FD-R M12 Security Camera User Manual

AXIS 212 PTZ
Network Camera
User’s Manual
About this Document
This manual is intended for administrators and users of the AXIS 212
PTZ Network Camera, and is applicable for software release 4.34 and
later. It includes instructions for using and managing the AXIS 212
PTZ on your network. Previous experience of networking will be of
use when using this product. Some knowledge of UNIX or
Linux-based systems may also be beneficial, for developing shell
scripts and applications. Later versions of this document will be
posted to the Axis Website, as required. See also the product’s online
help, available via the Web-based interface.
Safety Notices Used In This Manual
Caution! - Indicates a potential hazard that can damage the product.
Important! - Indicates a hazard that can seriously impair operation.
Do not proceed beyond any of the above notices until you have fully
understood the implications.
Intellectual Property Rights
Axis AB has intellectual property rights relating to technology
embodied in the product described in this document. In particular,
and without limitation, these intellectual property rights may include
one or more of the patents listed at http://www.axis.com/patent.htm
and one or more additional patents or pending patent applications in
the US and other countries.
Liability
Every care has been taken in the preparation of this manual. Please
inform your local Axis office of any inaccuracies or omissions. Axis
Communications AB cannot be held responsible for any technical or
typographical errors and reserves the right to make changes to the
product and manuals without prior notice. Axis Communications AB
makes no warranty of any kind with regard to the material contained
within this document, including, but not limited to, the implied
warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
Axis Communications AB shall not be liable nor responsible for
incidental or consequential damages in connection with the
furnishing, performance or use of this material.
Trademark Acknowledgments
Apple, Boa, Bonjour, Ethernet, Internet Explorer, Linux, Microsoft,
Mozilla, Netscape Navigator, OS/2, Real, QuickTime, UNIX, Windows,
WWW are registered trademarks of the respective holders. Java and
all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered
trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other
countries. Axis Communications AB is independent of Sun
Microsystems Inc.
UPnPTM is a certification mark of the UPnPTM Implementers
Corporation.
This product contains licensed third-party software. See the menu
item “About” in the product’s user interface for more information.
This product contains source code copyright Apple Computer, Inc.,
under the terms of Apple Public Source License 2.0 (see
http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/).
The source code is available from:
http://developer.apple.com/darwin/projects/bonjour/
Legal Considerations
Video and audio surveillance can be prohibited by laws that vary
from country to country. Check the laws in your local region before
using this product for surveillance purposes.
This product includes one (1) MPEG-4 decoder license. To purchase
further licenses, contact your reseller.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures: Re-orient or
relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the separation between the
equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment to an outlet on a
different circuit to the receiver. Consult your dealer or an experienced
radio/TV technician for help. Shielded (STP) network cables must be
used with this unit to ensure compliance with EMC standards.
USA - This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class B computing device pursuant to Subpart B of Part 15
of FCC rules, which are designed to provide reasonable protection
against such interference when operated in a commercial
environment. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause interference, in which case the user at his/her own
expense will be required to take whatever measures may be required
to correct the interference.
Canada - This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian
ICES-003.
Europe -
This digital equipment fulfills the requirements for
This product includes MPEG-4 AAC audio coding technology licensed
by Fraunhofer IIS. Refer to FHG audio home page
http://www.iis.fraunhofer.de/amm/
Support
Should you require any technical assistance, please contact your Axis
reseller. If your questions cannot be answered immediately, your
reseller will forward your queries through the appropriate channels to
ensure a rapid response. If you are connected to the Internet, you can:
• download user documentation and firmware updates
• find answers to resolved problems in the FAQ database. Search by
product, category, or phrases
• report problems to Axis support by logging in to your private
support area
• visit Axis Support at www.axis.com/techsup/
Safety Notice - Battery Replacement
The AXIS 212 PTZ uses a 3.0V CR2032 Lithium battery as the power
supply for its internal real-time clock (RTC). Under normal conditions
this battery will last for a minimum of 5 years. Low battery power
affects the operation of the RTC, causing it to reset at every power-up.
A log message will appear when the battery needs replacing.
The battery should not be replaced unless required!
If the battery does need replacing, please observe the following:
• Danger of Explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced
• Replace only with the same or equivalent battery, as recommended
by the manufacturer.
• Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer's
instructions.
WEEE Directive
The European Union has enacted a Directive 2002/96/EC on
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE Directive).
This directive is applicable in the European Union member
states.
Japan - This is a class B product based on the standard of the
The WEEE marking on this product (see right) or its
documentation indicates that the product must not be disposed of
together with household waste. To prevent possible harm to human
health and/or the environment, the product must be disposed of in an
approved and environmentally safe recycling process. For further
information on how to dispose of this product correctly, contact the
product supplier, or the local authority responsible for waste disposal
in your area.
Australia - This electronic device meets the requirements of the
Business users should contact the product supplier for information on
how to dispose of this product correctly. This product should not be
mixed with other commercial waste.
radiated
emission
according
to limit
B of EN55022/1998, and the
AXIS
COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name>
Quick
User’s
Guide
requirements for immunity according to EN55024/1998 residential,
commercial, and light industry.
Voluntary Control Council for Interference from Information
Technology Equipment (VCCI). If this is used near a radio or television
receiver in a domestic environment, it may cause radio interference.
Install and use the equipment according to the instruction manual.
Radio communications (Electromagnetic Compatibility) Standard
AS/NZS CISPR22:2002.
Equipment Modifications
This equipment must be installed and used in strict accordance with
the instructions given in the user documentation. This equipment
contains no user-serviceable components. Unauthorized equipment
changes or modifications will invalidate all applicable regulatory
certifications and approvals.
AXIS 212 PTZ User’s Manual
July 2006
Copyright© Axis Communications AB, 2006
Rev.1.0
Part No: 26926
AXIS 212 PTZ - Table of contents
Contents
Product Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Key features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
I/O terminal connector - Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
LED indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Accessing the Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Access from a browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Setting the Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
AXIS Media Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Accessing the camera from the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
The Live View Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Pan/Tilt/Zoom controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
The control panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
AMC audio controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Video Streams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
How to stream MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
MPEG-4 clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Motion JPEG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Alternative methods of accessing the video stream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Accessing the Setup tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Video and Image settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Live View Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Layout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
HTML Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
External Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Sequence Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
PTZ Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Event Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Event Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Configuring Event Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Motion Detection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Port Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
System Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Date & Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Network - Basic TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Network - Advanced TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
SOCKS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
SMTP (email) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
UPnP™. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
RTP / MPEG-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Bonjour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Ports & Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
LED Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Resetting to the Factory Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Advanced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
The I/O Terminal Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Pinout and Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3
AXIS 212 PTZ - Table of contents
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optimizing your system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glossary of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
36
40
41
42
42
43
48
AXIS 212 PTZ - Product Features
Product Features
AXIS 212 PTZ Network Camera is ideal for surveillance and remote monitoring, offering overview images and
instant one-click pan/tilt/zoom control. It combines a 3 Megapixel sensor with a wide-angle lens, providing
VGA resolution. Without any moving parts, this camera offers guard tour functionality without wear and tear.
Built-in Power over Ethernet support implies reduced cabling and installation costs as well as consolidated
power for higher reliability. Simultaneous Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 video streams, a comprehensive set of
network security features and two-way audio support increase the surveillance and monitoring options.
For indoor use only
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Instant one-click Pan, Tilt and Zoom
PTZ with no moving parts - no wear and tear
Simultaneous MPEG-4 and Motion JPEG for optimized quality and bandwidth
Power over Ethernet for reduced cabling and consolidated power
Two-way audio, including built-in microphone and detection alarm
140º pan and 105º tilt
Pan & Tilt speed 400º/1 sec.
3 times instant zoom
Tamper proof mounting
5
AXIS 212 PTZ - Product Features
Key features
Overview
Camera unit
Status
indicator
(LED)
Audio out
I/O terminal
connector
Control
Power button
connector
Microphone
Audio in
Power
Network
indicator indicator
(LED)
(LED)
Network
connector
Dome casing
Cover
plate
Serial number (S/N)
The serial number is required
during the installation.
Please make a note of the
serial number and retain
for future reference.
Power Connector - For connection of the PS-H power adapter (included).
I/O Connector - The I/O terminal connector provides the physical interface to one transistor output, one digital
input and an auxiliary connection point for DC power. For more information, see The I/O Terminal Connector,
on page 33.
Network Connector - The camera connects to the network via a standard network connector. Supporting
NWAY, the camera detects the speed of the local network segment (10BaseT/100BaseTX Ethernet). Supporting
PoE (Power over Ethernet), the camera can be powered directly from the network cabling.
Audio out- Audio output (line level), which can be connected to a public address (PA) system or an active
speaker with a built-in amplifier. A pair of headphones can also be attached. A stereo connector must be used
for the audio out.
Audio in - One 3.5mm input for a mono microphone, or for line-in mono signal (left channel is used from a
stereo signal).
Microphone - Built-in microphone.
To prevent unauthorized listening, the internal microphone can be disabled by inserting a plug in the 'Audio in'
connector.
Serial Number Label - The serial number may be required during installation.
Control Button - Press this button to install the camera using the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service, or to
restore the factory default settings, as described in Resetting to the Factory Default Settings, on page 32.
6
AXIS 212 PTZ - Product Features
I/O terminal connector - Pinout
Pin
Function
Description
4
Transistor Output
With a maximum load of 50mA and a maximum voltage of 24V DC, this output has an open-collector NPN transistor with the
emitter connected to the GND pin. If used with an external relay, a diode must be connected in parallel with the load, for protection against voltage transients.
3
Digital Input
Connect to GND to activate, or leave floating (or unconnected) to deactivate.
2
3.3V DC
Can be used to power auxiliary equipment, max 50mA.
1
GND
LED indicators
LED
Color
Description
Network
Green
Steady for connection to 100 Mbit/s network. Flashes for network activity.
Amber
Steady for connection to 10 Mbit/s network. Flashes for network activity.
Unlit
No connection.
Green
Shows steady green for normal operation.
Status
Note: The Status LED can be configured to be unlit during normal operation, or to flash only when the camera is accessed. See the
online help files for more information. Go to Setup > System Options > LED settings
Power
Amber
Steady during startup, reset to factory default or when restoring settings.
Red
Slow flash for failed upgrade.
Green
Normal operation.
Amber
Flashes green/amber during firmware upgrade.
Network
connector
up
Note: The AXIS 212 PTZ must be mounted with the network connector facing upwards to achieve the correct image orientation.
7
AXIS 212 PTZ - Accessing the Camera
Accessing the Camera
To install the camera on the network, please see the installation guide supplied with your product. The camera
can be used with most standard operating systems and browsers. The recommended browser is Microsoft
Internet Explorer with Windows, Safari with Macintosh and Mozilla with other operating systems.
Notes: • To view streaming video in Microsoft Internet Explorer, set your browser to allow ActiveX controls and allow the AXIS Media Control
(AMC) to be installed on your workstation.
• QuickTimeTM and Real PlayerTM are also supported for viewing streaming MPEG-4 video and audio.
• If your workstation restricts the use of additional software components, the camera can be configured to use a Java applet for viewing
motion JPEG.
• The AXIS 212 PTZ includes one (1) decoder license for viewing MPEG-4 video streams. This is automatically installed with AMC. The
administrator can disable the installation of the MPEG-4 decoder, to prevent unlicensed copies being installed.
Access from a browser
1. Start a browser (e.g. Internet Explorer, Mozilla).
2. Enter the IP address or host name of the camera in the
Location/Address field of your browser.
To access the camera from a Macintosh computer (Mac OSX), simply click on the Bonjour tab and select
the AXIS 212 PTZ from the drop-down list.
3. If this is the first time the camera is accessed, see Setting the Password, on page 8. Otherwise enter
your user name and password, as set by the administrator.
4. The camera’s Live View page is now displayed in your
browser.
Note: The layout of the Live View page may have been customized to specific
requirements. Consequently, some of the examples and functions featured
here may differ from those displayed on your own Live View page.
Setting the Password
1. When accessing the camera for the first time, the
‘Configure Root Password’ dialog will be displayed on
the screen.
2. Enter a password and then re-enter it, to confirm the spelling. Click OK.
3. The ‘Enter Network Password’ dialog will appear. Enter the User name: root
Note: The default administrator user name root is permanent and cannot be deleted.
4. Enter the password as set in step 2 above, and click OK. If the password is lost, the camera must be
reset to the factory default settings. See page 32.
5. If required, click Yes to install the AXIS Media Control (AMC). You will need administrator rights on
the computer to do this.
8
AXIS 212 PTZ - Accessing the Camera
AXIS Media Control
The AXIS Media Control (AMC) is installed automatically the first time the camera is accessed from Microsoft
Internet Explorer. The AMC control panel can be opened by right-clicking on the video image in the Live View
web page. The AMC control panel can be used to configure various video and audio settings. Please see the
readme file included in the tool for more information.
Accessing the camera from the Internet
Once installed, the camera is accessible on your local network (LAN). To access the camera from the Internet you
must configure your broadband router to allow incoming data traffic to the camera. One way to do this is to
enable the NAT-traversal feature, which will attempt to automatically configure the router to allow access to the
camera. This is enabled from Setup > System Options > Network > TCP/IP Advanced.
For more information, please see NAT traversal (port mapping), on page 28. See also the AXIS Internet Dynamic
DNS Service at www.axiscam.net or, for Technical notes on this and other topics, visit the Axis Support Web at
www.axis.com/techsup
The Live View Page
Depending on whether or not the Live View page has been customized, the buttons described below may or may
not be visible.
The Video Format drop-down list allows the video format on the Live View page to be
temporarily changed.
The Output buttons control the
output directly from the Live
View page. These buttons are
configured under Setup > Live
View Config > Layout.
Pulse - click this button to activate the
output for a defined period of time, e.g.
to switch on a light for 20 seconds.
Active/Inactive - click these buttons to
manually start and stop a connected
device, e.g. switch a light on/off.
The Action buttons can trigger an event directly from the Live View page. These are configured
under Setup > Live View Config > Layout.
The Snapshot button saves a snapshot of the video image currently being displayed. Right-click on
the video image to save it in JPEG format on your computer. This button is primarily intended for
use when the AMC viewer toolbar is not available.
The AMC viewer toolbar (AXIS Media Control) is available in Microsoft Internet Explorer only. It displays the
following buttons:
The Play/Stop button starts and stops the live video stream.
The Snapshot button saves a snapshot of the video image currently being displayed. The Snapshot
function and the target directory for saving snapshots can be configured from the AMC Control Applet
in the Windows Control Panel (Internet Explorer only).
Click the View Full Screen button to make the video image fill the entire screen area. No other windows
will be visible. Press Esc (Escape) on the computer keyboard to exit full screen.
Note: The snapshot function in MPEG-4, Full Screen Mode will revert the image view to the default live view page. Click the View Full
Screen button to return to Full Screen Mode.
9
AXIS 212 PTZ - Accessing the Camera
Pan/Tilt/Zoom controls
The Live View page also displays the Pan/Tilt/Zoom controls.
These are enabled/disabled for specified users by the administrator under System Options >
Security > Users > User List.
The Pan, Tilt and Zoom bars control their respective functions in two different ways. Clicking
anywhere on the bar's gradient allows for a 'smooth' adjustment of the camera's position, whilst
clicking on the arrows at the two ends of the bar cause a stepped, incremental change.
Zoom out to overview image will set the camera to the minimum zoom position. Note that when
in this position, the camera cannot pan or tilt.
The control panel
The AXIS 212 PTZ can be controlled using one-click PTZ, click-in-image movement.
Click the Ctrl panel button to display the control panel, where the following selections
are available:
• Navigation mode: Center will instantly move the camera view to center on the
position that was clicked.
Joystick moves the camera in the direction indicated by a mouse click, relative
to the center of the image. The further from the center the image is clicked, the
greater the movement.
• If in Center mode, select whether the camera should pan, tilt or zoom to the position in the image that
was clicked.
Note: The scroll wheel on the mouse can also be used to control the zoom.
AMC audio controls
The AXIS 212 PTZ can transmit audio to clients using either the built-in microphone or a connected external
microphone and can play audio received from clients via a connected speaker. There are audio controls for
controlling the microphone and the client computer’s speaker output. These controls are only available when
audio is enabled, see AXIS Media Control, on page 9 and Audio, on page 16.
Click the Speaker and Microphone buttons to switch the sound off and on for the speaker and
microphone, respectively.
Use the sliders to control the volume on the speaker and microphone. The volume can be set
between 0 and 100.
When using Half-duplex mode, this button toggles between allowing you to speak and listen. The first
icon indicates that you can talk and the speaker connected to the camera will play your voice. The
second indicates that you will hear audio from the camera.
Simplex - Network Camera speaker only - the speaker connected to the AXIS 212 PTZ will play audio
transmitted from any web client. This mode requires you to use the push to talk button.
Simplex - Network Camera microphone only - transmits audio from the AXIS 212 PTZ to any web clients.
This can be used in remote monitoring, web attractions etc., to provide live audio from a monitored situation.
Note: External microphone and speaker are optional and not included.
10
AXIS 212 PTZ - Video Streams
Video Streams
The AXIS 212 PTZ provides several different image and video stream formats. The type to use depends on your
requirements and on the properties of your network.
The Live View page in the AXIS 212 PTZ provides access to MPEG-4 and Motion JPEG video streams, as well as
to single JPEG images. Other applications and clients can also access these video streams/images directly,
without going via the Live View page.
How to stream MPEG-4
This video compression standard makes good use of bandwidth, and can provide DVD-quality video streams at
less than 1 Mbit/s. Note that the image settings of the MPEG-4 stream are the same for all clients.
Deciding on the combination of protocols and methods to use depends on your viewing requirements, and on
the properties of your network. The available options in AMC are:
Unicast RTP
This unicast method (RTP over UDP) should be your first consideration for
live video, especially when it is important to always have an up-to-date
video stream, even if some images are dropped.
RTP over RTSP
This unicast method (RTP tunneled over RTSP) is useful as it is relatively
simple to configure firewalls to allow RTSP traffic.
RTP over RTSP over HTTP
This unicast method can be used to traverse firewalls. Firewalls are
commonly configured to allow the HTTP protocol, thus allowing RTP to
be tunneled.
Multicast RTP
This method (RTP over TCP) should be your first consideration for live
video, especially when it is important to always have an up-to-date
video stream, even if some images are dropped.
Unicasting is used for video-on-demand broadcasting, so
that there is no video traffic on the network until a client
connects and requests the stream.
Note: There is a maximum of 20 simultaneous viewers.
Multicasting provides the most efficient usage of
bandwidth, especially when there are large numbers of
clients viewing simultaneously. Note however, that a
multicast broadcast cannot pass a network router unless
the router is configured to allow this. It is thus not
possible to multicast over e.g. the Internet.
AMC will negotiate with the camera to determine exactly which transport protocol to use in the order listed
above. This order can be changed and the options disabled, to suit any specific requirements. Right-click the
video image and select Settings from the menu to access the AMC menu.
Important!
MPEG-4 is licensed technology. The AXIS 212 PTZ includes one viewing client license. Installing
additional unlicensed copies of the viewing client is prohibited. To purchase additional licenses, contact
your Axis reseller.
11
AXIS 212 PTZ - Video Streams
MPEG-4 clients
AXIS Media Control (AMC)
The recommended method of accessing live video (MPEG-4 and Motion
JPEG) from the AXIS 212 PTZ is to use the AXIS Media Control (AMC)
in Microsoft Internet Explorer in Windows.
The AMC control panel can be used to configure various video and
audio settings. Please see the readme file included in the tool for more
information.
The AMC control panel is automatically installed on first use, after
which it can be configured.
Open the AMC Control Panel from:
• Windows Control Panel (from the Start menu)
• Alternatively, right-click the video image in Internet Explorer and
click Settings in the menu.
QuickTime™ & Real Player™
To access the video stream from e.g. QuickTime™ or Real Player™ the following paths can be used:
• rtsp://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
• rtsp://<ip>/mpeg4/media.3gp
Notes: • The AXIS 212 PTZ supports QuickTime 6.5.1 (or later) and Real Player 10.5 (or later)
• QuickTime adds latency to the video and audio stream (up to 3 seconds)
• It may be possible to use other players to view the MPEG-4 stream using the paths above, although this is not guaranteed by Axis
• <ip> = IP address
Motion JPEG
This format uses standard JPEG still images for the video stream. These images are then displayed and updated
at a rate sufficient to create a stream that shows constantly updated motion.
The Motion JPEG stream uses considerable amounts of bandwidth, but provides excellent image quality and
access to each and every individual image contained in the stream. The recommended method of accessing
Motion JPEG live video from the AXIS 212 PTZ is to use the AXIS Media Control (AMC) in Microsoft Internet
Explorer in Windows.
Note also that multiple clients accessing Motion JPEG streams can use different image settings.
Alternative methods of accessing the video stream
Video/images from the AXIS 212 PTZ can also be accessed in the following ways:
• Motion JPEG server push (if supported by the client, e.g. Mozilla/Firefox/Safari 2.0 and later). This option
maintains an open HTTP connection to the browser and sends data as and when required, for as long as
required. See HTML Examples, on page 20.
• Still JPEG images in a browser. Enter e.g. the path: http://<ip>/axis-cgi/jpg/image.cgi?resolution=320x240
• Windows Media Player. This requires AMC and the MPEG-4 viewing client to be installed. The paths that can
be used are listed below in the order of preference.
• Unicast via RTP: axrtpu://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Unicast via RTSP: axrtsp://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Unicast via RTSP, tunneled via HTTP: axrtsphttp://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Multicast: axrtpm://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
12
AXIS 212 PTZ - Configuration
Configuration
This section describes how to configure the camera, and is intended for product Administrators, who have
unrestricted access to all the Setup tools, and Operators, who have access to the settings for Video & Image,
Audio, Live View Config and Event Configuration.
The camera is configured from Setup, from a standard browser (see Minimum web browsing requirements, on
page 39).
The descriptions below show examples of the features available in the AXIS 212 PTZ. For details of each setting,
to access the online help.
please refer to the online help available from the setup tools. Click
Accessing the Setup tools
Follow the instructions below to access the Setup Tools from a browser.
1. Start your browser and enter the IP address or host name of the camera in the location/address field.
2. The Live View page is now displayed. Click Setup to display the Setup tools.
Setup tools
13
AXIS 212 PTZ - Configuration
Video and Image settings
Image Appearance
Use these settings to change the image as required. The video image can be fine-tuned by adjusting the color
level, the brightness and the sharpness.
The configuration of the video image will affect the camera’s overall performance, depending on how it is used
and on the available bandwidth. Setting higher resolution and lower compression improves video image quality,
but increases the amount of bandwidth used. Please see the online help for further information on these settings.
Text Overlay Settings
Use these settings to include a text, date and time overlay. The
text, date and time overlay is included on one line at the top
or bottom of the video image.
Text, date and
time overlay
Video Stream
Define the maximum video stream time per session in
seconds, minutes or hours. When the set time has expired, a
new stream can be started by refreshing the page in the
browser. For unlimited video stream time, select the
Unlimited radio button. Note that the maximum video stream
time does not apply to clients connecting via multicast.
The frame rate allowed to each viewer can also be limited, to reduce bandwidth usage. To allow the highest
available frame rate, select the Unlimited radio button.
For a preview of the image before saving, click Test. When satisfied with the settings, click Save. Please note
that the preview image will be in JPEG format, even though the settings are valid both for Motion JPEG and
MPEG-4.
14
AXIS 212 PTZ - Configuration
Overlay Image Settings
Use image as overlay is a text and/or a static image superimposed over the video image.
Advanced - Camera Settings
These pages include different settings for fine-tuning the video image.
To compensate for the lighting conditions, the white balance and exposure control can be adjusted.
Low Light Behavior
Exposure priority defines the balance between image quality and the frame rate. Higher image quality may
reduce frame rate and increase motion blur. A prioritized frame rate may instead increased image noise.
Depending on requirements, use this to give higher priority to the image quality or to the frame rate.
Please refer to the online help for more information
.
Advanced - MPEG-4 Settings
GOV Settings
The GOV structure describes the composition of the MPEG-4 video stream. Setting the GOV-length to a high
value saves considerably on bandwidth. The Cyclic refresh parameter gives a smoother bit rate and can be
useful if bandwidth is limited.
Bit Rate Control
Limiting the maximum bit rate is a good way of controlling the bandwidth used by the MPEG-4 video stream.
Leaving the Maximum bit rate as unlimited will provide consistently good image quality, but at the expense of
increased bandwith usage whenever there is more activity in the image. Limiting the bit rate to a defined value
will prevent excessive bandwidth usage, but images will be lost when the limit is exceeded.
Note that a maximum bit rate can be used for both variable and constant bit rates.
The bit rate type can be set as Variable Bit Rate (VBR) or Constant Bit Rate (CBR). VBR will adjust the bit rate
according to the images' complexity, thus using a lot of bandwidth for a lot of activity in the image and less for
lower activity in the monitored area.
CBR allows you to set a fixed Target bit rate that will consume a predictable amount of bandwidth, and which
will not change whatever happens in the image.
As the bit rate would usually need to increase for increased image activity, but in this case cannot, the frame
rate and image quality will be affected negatively. To go some of the way towards compensating for this, it is
possible to prioritize either the frame rate or the image quality whenever the bit rate would normally need to be
increased. Not setting a priority means the frame rate and image quality will be affected approximately equally.
15
AXIS 212 PTZ - Audio
Audio
The AXIS 212 PTZ can transmit audio to clients using either the built-in microphone or a connected external
microphone and can play audio received from clients via a connected speaker.
Note: The speaker connected to the audio output must have a built-in amplifier, e.g. PC speakers.
Internal
microphone
Client PC
TCP/IP Network
Internal
microphone
An example of a network using AXIS 212 PTZ cameras to transmit audio and video across the network.
Audio Settings
This section describes how to configure the basic audio settings for the AXIS 212 PTZ, e.g. set the
communication mode and adjust the sound levels in the microphone and speaker connected to the camera.
Enable Audio
Check this box to enable audio in the AXIS 212 PTZ.
Audio Channels
Audio mode
Half-duplex mode transmits and receives audio in both directions, but only in one direction at a time. This
means that you must select when to receive or transmit audio with the push-to-talk button. To speak, press and
hold the button (check that the microphone is not muted). When finished speaking, release the button and you
will receive audio from the other end of the connection.
Note that the push-to-talk button is configured from AMC, see AXIS Media Control, on page 9. It is also possible
to configure the push-to-talk button so that it toggles between speaking and listening modes.
When selecting Simplex - Network Camera speaker only mode, the speaker connected to the camera will play
audio, but no audio will be transmitted from the camera to other web clients. This could be used to e.g. provide
spoken instructions to a person seen in the camera. This mode requires you to use the push-to-talk button.
Simplex - Network Camera microphone only mode transmits audio only from the AXIS 212 PTZ to web
clients. It will not receive audio from any other web clients. This can be used in remote monitoring, web
attractions etc., to provide live audio, as well as video, of a monitored situation.
When using half-duplex, the Send the sound from the active client to all other clients option transmits the
audio signal from the client that is talking to all the other clients.
16
AXIS 212 PTZ - Audio
Audio Input
Audio from an external microphone or a line source can be connected to the Audio in connector of the AXIS
212 PTZ. The audio source must be set to Microphone or Line depending on the connected device.
Note: To prevent unauthorized listening, the internal microphone can be disabled by inserting a plug in the Audio in connector.
The Enable microphone power option provides DC power for an external microphone. If using a small electret
condenser microphone such as a clip-on mic or a PC microphone, this option needs to be enabled.
Note: To use a high impedance dynamic microphone, DC power should not be enabled. DC power will not harm the microphone, but if you are
uncertain, try switching it off and on. The default value is DC power enabled. To use a professional microphone requiring 48V phantom
power, you need an external power supply and must use a balanced-unbalanced converter (audio transformer) in between.
If there are problems with the sound input being too low or high, adjust the input gain for the microphone
attached to the AXIS 212 PTZ.
Select the desired audio Encoding format, AAC, G711, G726.
Depending on the selected encoding, set the desired audio quality (Bit rate). The settings depend on the
available bandwidth and the required audio quality.
The AXIS 212 PTZ can be set to trigger an event if the incoming sound level rises above, falls below or passes
the set value. The Alarm level is set between 0-100%.
Audio Output
If the sound from the speaker is too low or high, adjust the output gain for the active speaker attached to the
AXIS 212 PTZ.
When satisfied with the settings, click Save, or click Reset to revert to the previously saved settings.
Note: To receive synchronized video and audio, it is recommended that the time settings in the camera and client PC are synchronized with an
NTP Server. This is enabled in the camera under System Options > Date & Time. Please refer to the help pages for more information.
17
AXIS 212 PTZ - Live View Config
Live View Config
Layout
These are the tools for deciding the layout of the Live View page.
The layout can be set in 3 ways:
• Use Axis look - the layout is unchanged.
• Use custom settings - modify the Axis look, with your own colors, images etc. Click the Configure button
and see Customizing the default page, on page 18.
• Own Home Page - Upload and use your own custom page as the default web page. Click the Configure
button and see Customizing the default page, on page 18.
The other settings on this page concern which features to include, e.g. action button, output button, default
video stream and viewer. See page 19 for more information.
Customizing the default page
The appearance of the default Live View page can be
customized to suit your own requirements, or you can
upload and use your own home page. To upload your own
files, click the Upload/Remove button and see the
description Upload Own Web Files, on page 19.
18
AXIS 212 PTZ - Live View Config
Upload Own Web Files
Your own web files, background pictures, etc., must first be uploaded to the camera in order to be available for
selection in the Custom Settings setup dialog. Once uploaded, the files are shown in the drop-down lists.
1. Click the Upload/Remove button.
2. Enter the path to the file, e.g. a file located on your workstation or click the Browse button.
3. Select the user level for the uploaded file. Setting the user access level means that you have complete
control over which pages can be viewed by which users.
4. When the path is shown correctly in the text field, click the Upload button.
All uploaded files are shown in the list in the lower section of the page. To remove a file, check the box provided
next to it and then click the Remove button.
Unchecking the box for Show setup link will remove the setup link from the product's Home Page. The Setup
Tools will then only be accessible by entering the full setup address into the address/URL field of a browser.
If the setup link is hidden, setup can be reached at this url: http://<ip address>/operator/basic.shtml
Own Home Page
To use a previously uploaded web page as the default page, check the box, select the page from the drop-down
list and click OK.
Action Buttons
The manual trigger buttons can be used to manually trigger and stop an event from the Live View page. See
Event Configuration, on page 22.
Enabling the display of the Snapshot button allows users to save a snapshot from the video stream by clicking
the button. This button is mainly intended for use with browsers other than Internet Explorer, or when otherwise
not using AXIS Media Control (AMC) to view the video stream. AMC (an ActiveX control) for Internet Explorer
provides its own snapshot button.
Output Buttons
The output buttons are used to manually activate the output from the Live View page, e.g. to switch a light on
and off. There are 2 options for how the output is activated:
• The Pulse button activates the output for a defined period
• Active/Inactive displays 2 buttons, one for each action (on/off)
Default Video Format
Select the default video format to use on the Live View page. Checking the box for Show video format selection
displays a drop-down list on the Live View page allowing you to temporarily change the format.
When using MPEG-4 as the video format, the default viewer is AXIS Media Control with Internet Explorer.
Note: It is also possible to view Motion JPEG when MPEG-4 is chosen as default and vice versa.
19
AXIS 212 PTZ - Live View Config
Default Viewer
From the drop-down lists, select the default method for viewing video images for your browser. The camera will
attempt to show the video images in the selected video format and viewer. If this is not possible, the camera will
override the settings and select the best available combination.
Browser
Windows
Internet Explorer
Other browsers
Viewer
Description
AMC
Recommended viewer in Windows Internet Explorer (MPEG-4 / Motion JPEG).
QuickTime
MPEG-4 only.
Java applet
A slower imaging alternative to AMC. Requires one of the following installed on the client:
• JVM (J2SE) 1.4.2 or higher
• JRE (J2SE) 5.0 or higher
Still image
Displays still images only. Hit the Refresh button in your browser to view a new image.
Server Push
Recommended viewer for other browsers (Motion JPEG).
QuickTime
MPEG-4 only.
Java applet
A slower imaging alternative to Server Push (Motion JPEG only).
Still image
Displays still images only. Hit the Refresh button in your browser to view a new image.
Check the Show viewer toolbar box to display e.g. the AXIS Media Control (AMC) or the QuickTime viewer
toolbar under the video image in your browser.
AMC Settings
The administrator can disable the installation of the MPEG-4 decoder included with AMC. This is used to
prevent the installation of unlicensed copies. Further decoder licenses can be purchased from your Axis dealer.
HTML Examples
You can add live video from the AXIS 212 PTZ to your own web site. The camera can transmit a Motion JPEG
stream to up to 20 simultaneous connections, although an administrator can restrict this to fewer. If MPEG-4 is
set as video format, multicasting is used and the video stream will be available for an unlimited number of
viewers connected to the parts of the network where multicast is enabled. Please note that a separate MPEG-4
license is required for each viewer.
Select the preferred Video Format from the drop down list. The available options are Motion JPEG, MPEG-4
using AMC and MPEG-4 using QuickTime.
The Motion JPEG selection has additional settings for Image Type, Image size and other optional settings to
configure the video stream to suit your Web page.
Click Update once satisfied.
The camera generates the required source code for your configuration. Copy this code and paste it into your own
Web page code.
External Video
The AXIS 212 PTZ can also display video images from other Axis network cameras and video servers, directly
on the Live View page. These are known as External Video sources. Once configured, these external video
sources are available from the drop-down list on the Live View page.
Click the Add button to open the External Video Source Setup dialog, which is used to make all the necessary
settings. Enter the IP address or host name of the external video source you wish to add. Depending on the
external source, select either MPEG-2, MPEG-4 or Motion JPEG as the type of video stream to receive.
Sequence Mode
The Live View page can be configured to rotate through the selected preset positions, in a set order or randomly.
Select the desired preset positions and enter the time to display each position. Click Save.
The Sequence buttons will appear on the Live View page to enable the viewer to start and stop the
sequence mode. For more information see Preset Positions, on page 21.
20
AXIS 212 PTZ - PTZ Configuration
PTZ Configuration
Preset Positions
A preset position is a pre-defined camera view that can
quickly and easily be viewed.
From Preset Position Setup, use the Pan, Tilt and Zoom
(PTZ) controls to steer the camera to the required position.
When satisfied with the camera's position, enter a
descriptive name. This camera position is then saved as a
preset position.
The AXIS 212 PTZ will take the exact position when the
preset's name is selected from the Preset position’s
drop-down list. Preset positions can be selected in Live
View, from events and in Sequence mode.
One position can be set as the Home position, which is
readily accessible by clicking on the Home button in both
the Preset Position Setup window and the Live View
window. The position's name will have (H) added, e.g. Office Entrance (H).
Guard Tour
A Guard Tour displays the video streams from different preset positions from cameras in the system,
one-by-one, in a pre-determined order or randomly, and for configurable time periods. Once the preset position
has been set, and added to the guard tour, the following settings can be made:
• View Time in seconds or minutes
• View Order (or Random)
Advanced - Ctrl Panel
This allows you to add a shortcut command button to the control panel on the Live View page. This requires you
to provide the URL (path) to command accessed via the HTTP API. See the online help for more information.
21
AXIS 212 PTZ - Event Configuration
Event Configuration
An event in the camera is when an Event Type is activated and causes certain actions to be performed. The
event type is the set of parameters (or conditions) that specifies how and when which actions will be performed.
A common event type is when the camera uploads images when an alarm occurs. Many event types use an
Event Server, to receive uploaded images.
This section describes how to set up event servers and event types, i.e. how to configure the camera to perform
certain actions when events (e.g. alarms) occur.
Definitions
Event type
A set of parameters describing how and when the camera will perform certain actions
Triggered Event - see page 23
The circumstances that start an event.
Scheduled Event - see page 24 The circumstances that start an event.
What occurs when the event triggers.
Action
E.g. on a signal from an external device, such as a
door switch or a motion sensor.
E.g. at a pre-programmed time.
E.g. the upload of images to an FTP server, e-mail
notification, etc.
Event Servers
Event Servers are used to receive e.g. uploaded image files and/or notification messages. To set up Event server
connections in your camera, go to Setup > Event Configuration > Event Servers and enter the required
information for the required server type.
Server type
Purpose
Information required
FTP Server
• Receives uploaded images
•
•
•
•
•
•
HTTP Server
• Receives notification messages
• Receives uploaded images
•
•
•
•
•
Descriptive name of your choice
URL (IP address or host name)
User Name and Password (for HTTP server)
Proxy address/Proxy port (if required)
Proxy User Name and Password (if required)
TCP Server
• Receives notification messages
•
•
•
•
Descriptive name of your choice
Network address (IP address or host name)
User Name and Password (for TCP server)
Port number
For details on each setting, please see the online help
Descriptive name of your choice
Network address (IP address or host name)
User Name and Password (for FTP server)
Upload path e.g. images/
Port number
Use passive mode if there is a firewall between the camera
and FTP server
• Use temporary file if your FTP server doesn’t allow an existing
file to be overwritten by a new file with the same name
available from each web page.
When the setup is complete, the connection can be tested by clicking the Test button (the connection test takes
approximately 10 seconds).
22
AXIS 212 PTZ - Event Configuration
Configuring Event Types
An Event Type describes how and when the camera will perform certain actions.
Example:: If somebody passes in front of the camera and an event that
uses motion detection has been configured to act on this, the camera can
e.g. record and save images to an FTP server, and/or send a notification
e-mail to a pre-configured e-mail address with a pre-configured message. Images can be sent as e-mail attachments.
Triggered Event
A Triggered event can be activated by e.g:
• a push button connected to the camera’s input
port
• detected movement in a configured motion
detection window
• a manually activated action, e.g. from an action button in the web interface
• audio that is e.g. louder than a specified level
• on restart (reboot) after e.g. power loss
How to set up a triggered event
This example describes how to set up the camera to upload images when e.g the main door is opened:
1. Click Add triggered on the Event types page.
2. Enter a descriptive name for the event, e.g. Main door open.
3. Set the priority - High, Normal or Low (see the online help).
4. Set the Respond to Trigger... parameters for when the event will be active, e.g. only after office hours.
5. Select the trigger alternative from the Triggered by... drop-down list, e.g. select Input ports, for a
sensor connected to the door.
6. Set the When Triggered... parameters, i.e. define what the camera will do if the main door is opened
e.g., upload images to an FTP server or send an e-mail notification.
7. Click OK to save the Event in the Event Types list.
Please see the online help
Note:
for descriptions of each available option.
Up to 10 event types can be configured in the camera, and up to 3 of these can be configured to upload images. Files names can be formatted according
to specific requirements. See File Naming & Date/Time Formats online help.
Pre-trigger and Post-trigger buffers
This function is very useful when checking to see what happened immediately before and/or after a trigger, e.g.
30 seconds before and/or after a door was opened. Check the Upload images checkbox under Event Types >
Add Triggered... > Triggered by... to expand the web page with the available options. All uploaded images are
JPEG images.
Include pre-trigger buffer - images stored internally in the server from the time immediately preceding the
trigger. Check the box to enable the pre-trigger buffer, enter the desired length of time and specify the required
image frequency.
Include post-trigger buffer - contains images from the time immediately after the trigger. Configure as for
pre-trigger.
Notes:
•Pre-trigger and Post-trigger buffers will be lost if the connection to the event server fails.
•The maximum length of the pre-/post-buffer depends on the video image size and selected frame rate.
•If the pre- or post-buffer is too large for the camera’s internal memory, the frame rate will be reduced and individual images may be
missing. If this occurs, an entry will be created in the unit's log file.
23
AXIS 212 PTZ - Event Configuration
Continue image upload (unbuffered) - enables the upload of video images for a fixed length of time. Specify
the length of time for the uploaded recording, in seconds, minutes or hours, or for as long as the trigger is
active. Finally, set the desired image frequency to the maximum (the maximum available) or to a specified frame
rate. The frame rate will be the best possible, but might not be as high as specified, especially if uploading via a
slow connection.
Scheduled Event
A Scheduled event can be activated at preset times, in a repeating pattern on selected weekdays.
Configuration example:
1. Click Add scheduled on the Event types page.
2. Enter a descriptive name for the event, e.g. “Scheduled e-mail upload.”
3. Set the priority (High, Normal or Low).
4. Set the Activation Time parameters (24h clock) when the event will be active, e.g. start on Sundays at
13.00 with a duration of 12 hours.
5. Set the When Activated... parameters, i.e. set what the camera will do at the specified time, e.g. send
uploaded images to an e-mail address.
6. Click OK to save the Event in the Event Types list.
Please see the online help
for descriptions of each available option.
Motion Detection
Motion detection is used to generate an alarm whenever motion occurs (or stops) in the video image. A total of
10 Include and/or Exclude windows can be configured.
• Included windows target specific areas within the whole video image
• Excluded windows define areas within an Include window that should be ignored (areas outside
Include windows are automatically ignored)
Once configured, the motion detection windows will appear in the list of available triggers, for triggering events.
See How to set up a triggered event above.
Notes:
•
•
•
Using the motion detection feature may decrease the camera’s overall performance.
The motion detection functionality is disabled during pan, tilt, zoom movement and is enabled as soon as the
movement stops.
Motion detection is activated in the current view only. The Include/Exclude windows will follow the camera’s
field of view.
24
AXIS 212 PTZ - Event Configuration
Configuring Motion Detection
1. Click Motion Detection in the Event Configuration menu.
2. Click the Configure Included Window radio button and click New.
3. Enter a descriptive name under Window name.
4. Adjust the size (drag the bottom right-hand corner) and position (click on the text at the top and drag
to the desired position).
5. Adjust the Object size, History and Sensitivity profile sliders (see table below for details). Any detected
motion within an active window is then indicated by red peaks in the Activity window (the active
window has a red frame).
6. Click Save.
To exclude parts of the Include window, click the Configure Excluded Windows button and position the
Exclude window as required, within the Include window.
Please see the online help
for descriptions of each available option.
Object Size
History
Sensitivity
High level
Only very large objects
trigger motion detection
An object that appears in the region will
trigger the motion detection for a long
period
Ordinary colored objects on ordinary
backgrounds will trigger the motion
detection
Low level
Even very small objects
trigger motion detection
An object that appears in the region will
trigger motion detection for only a very
short period
Only very bright objects on a dark background will trigger motion detection
Default value
Low
Medium to High
Medium to High
Examples:
•
•
•
Avoid triggering on small objects in the video image by setting the object size level to high.
To reduce the number of triggers if there is a lot of movement during a short period of time, select a high history level.
To only detect flashing light, low sensitivity can be selected. In other cases, a high sensitivity level is recommended.
Port Status
Under Event Configuration > Port Status there is a list showing the status for the camera’s input and output.
This is for the benefit of Operators, who have no access to the System Options section.
Example: If the Normal state for a push button connected to an input is set to Open circuit - as long as the button is not pushed, the state
is inactive. If the button is pushed, the state of the input changes to active.
25
AXIS 212 PTZ - System Options
System Options
Security
User access control is enabled by default. An administrator can set up other users, by giving these user names
and passwords. It is also possible to allow anonymous viewer login, which means that anybody may access the
Live View page, as described below:
Users - the user list displays the authorized users and user groups (levels):
Viewer
Provides the lowest level of access, which only allows access to the Live View page.
Operator
An Operator can view the Live View page, create and modify events and adjust certain other settings.
Operators have no access to the System Options.
Administrator
An administrator has unrestricted access to the Setup Tools and can determine the registration of all other
users.
User Settings - check the relevant checkboxes to enable:
• Anonymous viewer login - allows any viewer direct access to the Live View page.
• Maximum number of simultaneous viewers - enter a value here to restrict the number of Motion
JPEG and MPEG-4 viewers accessing the unit. This is useful if you need to save on bandwidth. Note
that within the limit of 20 users, all multicast viewers count as 1 viewer.
IP Address Filtering
Enable IP Address Filtering to allow or deny access to the AXIS 212 PTZ. Once enabled, the IP addresses in the
list will be allowed or denied access according to the choice made in the drop-down list Allow/Deny the
following IP addresses.
The administrator can add up to 256 IP address entries to the list (a single entry can contain multiple IP
addresses). The users from these IP addresses need to be specified in the user list with the appropriate access
rights. This is done from Setup > System Options > Security > Users.
Referrals
To prevent unauthorized clients from including the video stream from the cameras into external Web pages,
check the Referrals checkbox and enter the IP address or Host name of the computer that hosts the Web pages
with the included video stream. Several IP addresses/host names can be defined and are separated by semicolons
(;). This option is only applicable to Motion JPEG video streams.
Notes:
•If the referrals feature is enabled and you wish to also allow normal access to the Live View page, the product's own IP
address or host name must be added to the list of allowed referrers.
•Restricting referrers has no effect on an MPEG-4 video stream. To restrict an MPEG-4 stream, IP address filtering must be
enabled.
•Restricting referrers is of greatest value when not using IP address filtering. If IP address filtering is used, then the
allowed referrers are automatically restricted to those allowed IP addresses.
HTTPS
The AXIS 212 PTZ supports encrypted browsing using HTTPS.
A self-signed certificate can be used until a Certificate Authority-issued certificate has been obtained. Click the
Create self-signed Certificate button to install a self-signed certificate. Although self-signed certificates are free
and offer some protection, true security will only be implemented after the installation of a signed certificate
issued by a certificate authority.
A signed certificate can be obtained from an issuing Certificate Authority by clicking the Create Certificate
Request button. When the signed certificate is returned, click the Install signed certificate button to import the
certificate. The properties of any certificate request currently resident in the camera or installed can also be
viewed by clicking the Properties... button. The HTTPS Connection Policy must also be set in the drop-down
lists to enable HTTPS in the camera.
26
AXIS 212 PTZ - System Options
For more information, please refer to the online help.
Date & Time
Current Server Time - displays the current date and time (24h clock). The time can be displayed in 12h clock
format in the Overlay (see below).
New Server Time - Select your time zone from the drop-down list. If you want the server clock to automatically
adjust for daylight savings time, select the Automatically adjust for daylight saving time changes.
From the Time Mode section, select the preferred method to use for setting the time:
• Synchronize with computer time - sets the time from the clock on your computer.
• Synchronize with NTP Server - the camera will obtain the time from an NTP server every 60 minutes.
• Set manually - this option allows you to manually set the time and date.
Note: • If using a host name for the NTP server, a DNS server must be configured under TCP/IP settings.
See Network > TCP/IP below.
Date & Time Format Used in Images - specify the formats for the date and time (12h or 24h) displayed in the
video streams.
Use the predefined formats or use your own custom date and time formats. See Advanced File Naming &
for information on how to create your own file formats.
Date/Time Formats in the online help
Network - Basic TCP/IP Settings
IP Address Configuration
In the AXIS 212 PTZ these settings are grouped according to the network interface.
The camera’s IP address can be set automatically via DHCP, or a fixed IP address can be set manually. A host
name can be used and there are options for setting up notification of changes in the IP address. DHCP is enabled
by default.
Notes:
• DHCP is a protocol for automatic IP address assignment on a network. IP address assignment via DHCP may lead to the situation where
the IP address changes and you lose contact. Configure the options for notification of IP address change (under Services) to receive
notification from the camera when the IP address changes.
• Alternatively, if your DHCP server can update a DNS server, you can access the AXIS 212 PTZ by host name which is always the same,
regardless of the IP address.
Services
Options for notification of IP address change - if the IP address for the camera changes, e.g. automatically by
DHCP, you can choose to be notified of the change. Click Settings... and enter the required information.
AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service - use the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS service to assign a host name for
easy access to your AXIS 212 PTZ Network Camera (requires Internet access).
Click Settings... to register your AXIS 212 PTZ with the Axis Internet Dynamic DNS service, or to modify the
existing settings (requires access to the Internet). The domain name currently registered at the Axis Internet
Dynamic DNS service for your product can at any time be removed.
For more information, please refer to the online help.
Network - Advanced TCP/IP Settings
DNS Configuration
DNS (Domain Name Service) provides the translation of host names to IP addresses on your network.
27
AXIS 212 PTZ - System Options
Obtain DNS server address via DHCP - automatically use the DNS server settings provided by the DHCP server.
Click the View button to see the current settings.
Use the following DNS server address - enter the desired DNS server by specifying the following:
Domain name - enter the domain(s) to search for the host name used by the AXIS 212 PTZ. Multiple domains
can be separated by semicolons (;). The host name is always the first part of a Fully Qualified Domain Name, e.g.
myserver is the host name in the Fully Qualified Domain Name myserver.mycompany.com where
mycompany.com is the Domain name.
DNS servers - enter the IP addresses of the primary and secondary DNS servers.
NTP Configuration
Obtain NTP server address via DHCP - check this radio button to automatically look up and use the NTP server
settings as provided by DHCP. Click the View button to see the current settings.
Use the following NTP server address - to make manual settings, check this radio button and enter the host
name or IP address of the NTP server.
Host Name Configuration
The AXIS 212 PTZ can be accessed using a host name, instead of an IP address. The host name is usually the
same as the assigned DNS Name.
For more information, please see the online help.
Link-Local Address
This is enabled by default and assigns the AXIS 212 PTZ an additional IP address for use with UPnP™. The AXIS
212 PTZ can have both a Link-Local IP and a static/DHCP-supplied IP address at the same time - these will not
affect each other.
HTTP
The default HTTP port number (80) can be changed to any port within the range 1024-65535. This is useful for
e.g. simple security port mapping.
NAT traversal (port mapping)
A broadband router allows devices on a private network (LAN) to share a single connection to the Internet. This
is done by forwarding network traffic from the private network to the “outside” i.e. the Internet. Security on the
private network (LAN) is increased since most broadband routers are pre-configured to stop any attempts to
access the private network (LAN) from the public network/Internet.
Use NAT traversal when your AXIS 212 PTZ is located on an intranet (LAN) and you wish to make it available
from the other (WAN) side of a NAT router. With NAT traversal properly configured, all HTTP traffic to an
external HTTP port in the NAT router will be forwarded to the camera.
LAN (intranet)
WAN (internet)
Broadband
(NAT)
router
ISP
Notes: • For NAT traversal to work, this must also be supported by the broadband router.
• The broadband router has many different names: “NAT router”, “Network router“, Internet Gateway”, “Broadband sharing device” or
“Home firewall” but the essential purpose of the device is the same.
28
AXIS 212 PTZ - System Options
Enable/Disable - When enabled, the AXIS 212 PTZ will attempt to configure port mapping in a NAT router on
your network, using UPnP™. Note that UPnP™ must be enabled in the camera (see System Options > Network >
UPnP).
AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service - Use this free service to assign a host name (user-friendly name) for easy
access to your camera. If the IP address of the camera or NAT router changes, the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS
Service will automatically be updated with the new IP address.
Use manually selected NAT router - Select this option to manually select a NAT router and enter the IP address
for the router in the field provided.
If a router is not manually specified, the AXIS 212 PTZ will automatically search for NAT routers on your
network. If more than one router is found, the default router will be selected.
Alternative HTTP port - Select this option to manually define an external HTTP port. Enter the port number in
the field provided. If no port is entered here a port number will automatically be selected when NAT traversal is
enabled.
Notes: • An alternative HTTP port can be used/be active even if NAT traversal is disabled. This is useful if e.g. your NAT router does not support
UPnP and you need to manually configure port forwarding in the NAT router.
• If a manually selected port is already in use, another will automatically be selected.
• When the port is selected automatically it will be displayed in this field. This can be changed by entering a new port number and clicking
Save.
RTSP
The RTSP protocol allows a connecting client to start an MPEG-4 stream. Enter the RTSP port number to use.
The default setting is 554.
Network Traffic
Connection Type - The default setting is Auto-negotiate, which means that the correct speed is automatically
selected. If necessary, you can set the connection speed by selecting it from the drop-down list.
SOCKS
SOCKS is a networking proxy protocol. The AXIS 212 PTZ can be configured to use a SOCKS server to reach
networks on the other side of a firewall/proxy server. This functionality is useful if the AXIS 212 PTZ is located
on a local network behind a firewall, but notifications, uploads, alarms, etc., need to be sent to a destination
outside the local network (e.g. to the Internet).
SMTP (email)
Enter the host names or addresses for your primary and secondary mail servers in the fields provided, to enable
the sending of notifications and image/video email messages from the camera to predefined addresses via SMTP.
If your mail server requires authentication, check the box for Use authentication to log in to this server and
enter the necessary information.
SNMP
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) allows remote management of network devices. Depending
on the level of security required, select the version of SNMP to use. The three levels of security are:
• SNMP V1 - includes no security.
• SNMP V2c - uses very simple security. The community name can be specified as a password for read or
read/write access to all supported SNMP objects. The community is the group of network devices using
SNMP.
• SNMP V3 - provides encryption and secure passwords. HTTPS must be enabled.
29
AXIS 212 PTZ - System Options
UPnP™
The camera includes support for UPnP™, which is enabled by default. If also enabled on your computer, the
camera will automatically be detected and a new icon will be added to “My Network Places.”
Note: UPnP must also be enabled on your Windows XP or ME computer. To do this, open the Control Panel from the Start Menu and select
Add/Remove Programs. Select Add/Remove Windows Components and open the Networking Services section. Click Details and then
select UPnP as the service to add.
RTP / MPEG-4
These settings are the port range, IP address, port number (video and audio), and Time-To-Live value to use for
the video stream(s) in multicast MPEG-4 format. Only certain IP addresses and port numbers should be used for
multicast streams. For more information, please see the online help.
Bonjour
The AXIS 212 PTZ includes support for Bonjour. When enabled, the camera is automatically detected by
operating systems and clients that support this.
Ports & Devices
I/O Ports - the pinout, interface support and the control and monitoring functions provided by this connector
are described in The I/O Terminal Connector, on page 33.
LED Settings
The Status indicator LED on the front of the camera can be set to flash at a configurable interval (or to not light
up at all) whenever the unit is accessed. For a listing of all LED behavior, see page 7, or the online help.
Note that the LED does not flash when the stream is retrieved using MPEG-4 multicast.
Maintenance
• Restart - The camera is restarted without changing any of the settings.
• Restore - The camera is restarted and most current settings are reset to factory default values. The settings
that will not be reset are as follows:
• the boot protocol (DHCP or static)
• the static IP address
• the default router
• the subnet mask
• Default - The default button should be used with caution. Pressing this will return all of the camera's settings
to the factory default values (including the IP address)
Upgrade Server - See Upgrading the Firmware, on page 34.
Backup - To take a backup of all of the parameters, and any user-defined scripts, click this button. If necessary,
it will then be possible to return to the previous settings, if settings are changed and there is unexpected
behavior.
Restore - click the Browse button to locate the saved backup file (see above) and then click the Restore button.
The settings will be restored to the previous configuration.
Note: Backup and Restore can only be used on the same unit running the same firmware. This feature is not intended for the configuration of
multiple units or for firmware upgrades.
30
AXIS 212 PTZ - System Options
Support
The support overview page provides valuable information on troubleshooting and contact information.
System Overview - is a quick look over the camera’s status and settings. Information that can be found here
includes the camera’s Firmware version, IP address, Security, Event and Image settings and Recent log items.
Many of the captions are also links to the proper Setup page to conveniently make adjustments in the cameras
settings.
Logs & Reports - when contacting Axis support, please be sure to provide a valid Server Report with your
query.
View Information - The Log file, the Server Report and the Parameter List all provide valuable information for
troubleshooting and when contacting Axis support.
Configuration
Log Level for Log Files - from the drop-down list, select the level of information to be added to the Log file
Log Level for Email - from the drop-down list, select the level of information to send as email and enter the
destination email address.
31
AXIS 212 PTZ - System Options
Resetting to the Factory Default Settings
To reset the camera to the original factory default settings, go to the System Options > Maintenance web page
(as described in Maintenance, on page 30) or use the Control button on the underside of the camera (see page 6)
as described below:
Using the Control Button
To reset the camera to the factory default settings using the Control Button:
1. Disconnect the power adapter.
2. Press and hold the Control button while reconnecting the power.
3. Keep the Control button pressed until the Status Indicator color changes to amber (this may take up to
15 seconds).
4. Release the Control button.
5. When the Status Indicator changes to Green (which may take up to 1 minute), the process is complete
and the camera has been reset. The unit will now have the default IP address 192.168.0.90
Advanced
Scripting is an advanced function that provides the possibility to customize and use
scripts. This function is a very powerful tool.
Caution!
Improper use may cause unexpected behavior or even cause loss of contact with the
unit. If a script does cause problems, reset the unit to its factory default settings. A
backup file may be of use to return the unit to its latest configuration.
Axis strongly recommends that you do not use this function unless you fully
understand the consequences. Note that Axis support does not provide assistance for
problems with customized scripts.
For more information, please visit the Developer pages at www.axis.com/developer
Plain Config - this function is for the advanced user with experience of Axis network
camera configuration. All parameters can be set and modified from this page. Help is
available from the standard help pages.
32
AXIS 212 PTZ - The I/O Terminal Connector
The I/O Terminal Connector
Pinout and Interface
The 4-pin I/O terminal connector provides the interface to:
• 1 transistor output
• 1 digital input
• auxiliary power
• GND
The terminal connector is used in applications for e.g. motion detection, event triggering, time lapse recording,
alarm notification via email, image storage to FTP locations, etc.
• Input - for connecting e.g. a pushbutton. If the button is pressed, the state changes and the input
becomes active (shown under Event Configuration > Port Status).
• Output - connects e.g. an alarm device that can be activated by Output buttons on the Live View page,
or by an Event Type. The output will show as active (Event Configuration > Port Status) if the alarm
device is activated.
I/O terminal connector:
Pin
Function
Description
4
Transistor Output
3
2
1
Digital Input
3.3V DC
GND
With a maximum load of 50mA and a maximum voltage of 24V DC, this output has an open-collector NPN
transistor with the emitter connected to the GND pin. If used with an external relay, a diode must be connected in parallel with the load, for protection against voltage transients.
Connect to GND to activate, or leave floating (or unconnected) to deactivate.
Can be used to power auxiliary equipment, max 50mA.
I/O terminal
connector
Connect input/output devices to the camera as follows:
1. Attach the cables for the device securely to the supplied
green connector block.
2. Once the cables are connected, push the connector block into
the green terminal connector on the camera.
AXIS 212 PTZ
3.3V, max. 50mA
1
o
2o
Terminal Connectors - Schematics
z
3o
4
o
33
e.g.
doorbell
AXIS 212 PTZ - Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Checking the Firmware
Firmware is software that determines the functionality of the AXIS 212 PTZ. One of your first actions when
troubleshooting a problem should be to check the currently installed firmware version. The latest version may
contain a correction that fixes your particular problem. The current firmware version in your camera can be
seen on the page Setup > Basic Configuration.
Upgrading the Firmware
When you upgrade the firmware with a file from the Axis Web site, your camera will receive the latest available
functionality. Always read the upgrade instructions and release notes available with each new release, before
updating the firmware.
Note: Preconfigured and customized settings will be saved when the firmware is upgraded (providing the features are available in the new
firmware) although this is not guaranteed by Axis Communications. Always read the instructions and release notes available with
each new release, before upgrading the firmware.
1. Save the firmware file to your computer. The latest version of the firmware is available free of charge
from the Axis Web site at www.axis.com/techsup
2. Go to Setup > System Options > Maintenance in the camera’s Web pages.
3. In the Upgrade Server section, browse to the desired firmware file on your computer. Click Upgrade.
Notes: •After starting the upgrade process, always wait at
least 5-10 minutes before restarting the camera, even if you
suspect the upgrade has failed.
•Your dealer reserves the right to charge for any repair attributable to faulty upgrading by the user.
AXIS Camera Management software tool can be used
for multiple upgrades. Refer to the Axis Web site at
www.axis.com for more information.
Emergency Recovery Procedure
If power or the network connection to the camera is lost during the upgrade, the process will fail and the unit
will become unresponsive. A flashing red Status LED indicates a failed upgrade. To recover the unit, follow the
steps below. The serial number is found on the label attached to the bottom of the camera.
1. Unix/Linux - From the command line, type the following:
arp -s <IP address of camera> <Serial number> temp
ping -s 408 <IP address of camera>
Windows - From a command/DOS prompt, type the following:
arp -s <IP address of camera> <Serial number>
ping -l 408 -t <IP address of camera>
2. If the unit does not reply within a few seconds, restart it and wait for a reply. Press CTRL+C to stop Ping.
3. Open a browser and type in the camera’s IP address. In the page that appears, use the Browse button to
select the upgrade file to use, e.g. axis212ptz.bin. Then click the Load button to restart the upgrade process.
34
AXIS 212 PTZ - Troubleshooting
4. After the upgrade has completed (1-10 minutes), the unit will automatically restart and show a steady green
on the Power and Status LEDs and flashing green or amber on the Network LED.
5. Referring to the installation guide, reinstall the camera.
If the emergency recovery procedure does not get the camera up and running again, please contact Axis support
at www.axis.com/techsup/
Axis Support
If you contact Axis support, please help us to help you solve your problems, by providing the server report, the
log file and a brief description of the problem.
Server Report - go to Setup > System Options > Support Overview. The server report contains important
information about the server and its software, as well as a list of the current parameters.
The Log file is available from Setup > System Options > Logs & Reports. The Log file records events in the unit
since the last system restart and can be a useful diagnostic tool when troubleshooting.
35
AXIS 212 PTZ - Troubleshooting
Symptoms, Possible Causes and Remedial Actions
Problems setting the IP address
When using ARP/Ping
Try the installation again. The IP address must be set within two minutes after power has been applied to the
camera. Ensure the Ping length is set to 408. See the Installation Guide.
The camera is located on a different subnet
If the IP address intended for the camera and the IP address of your computer are located on different subnets,
you will not be able to set the IP address. Contact your network administrator to obtain an appropriate IP
address.
The IP address is being used by another device Disconnect the camera from the network. Run the Ping command. (In a Command/DOS window, type ping and
the IP address of the unit).
If you receive: Reply from <IP address>: bytes = 32; time = 10 ms..... - this means that the IP address may
already be in use by another device on your network. You must obtain a new IP address and reinstall the unit.
If you see: Request timed out - this means that the IP address is available for use with your camera. In this case,
check all cabling and reinstall the unit.
Possible IP address conflict with another device The static IP address in the camera is used before the DHCP server sets a a dynamic address. This means that if
on the same subnet
the same default static IP address is also used by another device, there may be problems accessing the camera.
To avoid this, set the static IP address to 0.0.0.0.
The camera cannot be accessed from a browser
The IP address has been changed by DHCP
1) Move the camera to an isolated network or to one with no DHCP or BOOTP server. Set the IP address again,
using the AXIS IP Utility (see the Installation Guide) or the ARP/Ping commands.
2) Access the unit and disable DHCP in the TCP/IP settings. Return the unit to the main network. The unit now
has a fixed IP address that will not change.
3) As an alternative to 2), if dynamic IP address via DHCP or BOOTP is required, select the required service and
then configure IP address change notification from the network settings. Return the unit to the main network.
The unit will now have a dynamic IP address, but will notify you if the address changes.
Other networking problems
Test the network cable by connecting it to another network device, then Ping that device from your workstation.
See the instructions above.
Camera is accessible locally, but not externally
Broadband router configuration
To configure your broadband router to allow incoming data traffic to the camera: Enable the NAT-traversal feature which will attempt to automatically configure the router to allow access to the camera.
This is enabled from Setup > System Options > Network > TCP/IP Advanced.
Firewall protection
Check the Internet firewall with your system administrator.
Default routers required
Check if you need to configure the default router settings.
Problems with the MPEG-4 format
No MPEG-4 displayed in the
client
Check that the correct network interface is selected in the AMC control panel applet (network tab).
Check that the relevant MPEG-4 connection methods are enabled in the AMC control panel applet (network
tab).
In the AMC control applet, select the MPEG-4 tab and click the button Set to default MPEG-4 decoder.
No multicast MPEG-4 displayed in the client
Check with your network administrator that the multicast addresses used by the
camera are valid for your network.
Check with your network administrator to see if there is a firewall preventing viewing.
Multicast MPEG-4 only accessible by local cli- Check if your router supports multicasting, or if the router settings between the client and the server need to be
configured. The TTL (Time To Live) value may need to be increased.
ents
Poor rendering of MPEG-4 images
Color depth set incorrectly on clients. Set to 16-bit or 32-bit color.
If text overlays are blurred, or if there are other rendering problems, you may need to enable Advanced Video
Rendering from the MPEG-4 tab in the AMC control panel applet.
Ensure that your graphics card is using the latest device driver. The latest drivers can usually be downloaded
from the manufacturer's web site.
Color saturation is different in MPEG-4 and
Motion JPEG
Modify the settings for your graphics adapter. Please see the adapter's documentation for more information.
Lower frame rate than expected
Reduce number of applications running on the client computer.
Check with the system administrator that there is enough bandwidth available. See also the online help.
Check in the AMC control panel applet (MPEG-4 tab) that video processing is not set to Decode only I frames.
Lower the image resolution.
Lost or poor images in pre-trigger buffer
(MPEG-4 video stream)
Make sure that Cyclic refresh under Setup > Video & Image > Advanced > MPEG-4
is disabled.
Image degeneration
Decrease the GOV length, see the online help for more information.
The Power indicator is not constantly lit
Faulty power supply
Check that you are using an AXIS PS-H power supply.
The Status indicator LED is flashing red and the camera is inaccessible
A firmware upgrade has been interrupted or
the firmware has otherwise been damaged
See the Emergency Recovery Procedure above.
No images displayed on web page
36
AXIS 212 PTZ - Troubleshooting
Problem with AMC.
(Internet Explorer only)
To enable the updating of video images in Microsoft Internet Explorer, set your browser to allow ActiveX controls. Also, make sure that AXIS Media Control (AMC) component is installed on your workstation.
Installation of additional ActiveX component
restricted or prohibited
Configure your camera to use a Java applet for updating the video images under
Live View Config > Layout > Default Viewer for Internet Explorer. See the online help for more information.
Video/Image problems, general
Image too dark or too light
Check the video image settings. See the online help on Video and Image Settings.
Decreased image quality in zoomed in view
The camera requires sufficient light to deliver good image quality in zoomed in view. Better indoor lighting will
increase image quality.
Missing images in uploads
This can occur when trying to use a larger image buffer than is actually available. Try lowering the frame rate or
the upload period.
Slow image update
Configuring, e.g. pre-buffers, motion detection, high-resolution images, high frame rates, etc, will reduce the
performance of the camera.
Poor performance
Poor performance may be caused by e.g. heavy network traffic, multiple users accessing the unit, low performance clients, use of features such as Motion Detection, Event handling, Image rotation other than 180 degrees.
Poor quality snapshot images
Screen incorrectly configured on your worksta- In Display Properties, configure your screen to show at least 65000 colors, i.e. at least 16-bit. Using only 16 or
256 colors will produce dithering artifacts in the image.
tion
No Pan Tilt Zoom movement
Problem with Quicktime
Limited click-in-image functionality in Quicktime, use the pan, tilt, zoom toolbars instead.
Browser freezes
Netscape 7.x or Mozilla 1.4 (or later) can some- Lower the image resolution.
times freeze on a slow computer
Problems uploading files
Limited space
There is only limited space available for the upload of your own files. Try deleting existing files to free up space.
Motion Detection triggers unexpectedly
Changes in luminance
Motion detection is based upon changes in luminance in the image. This means that if there are sudden changes
in the lighting, motion detection may be triggered mistakenly. Lower the sensitivity setting to avoid problems
with luminance.
No audio
Incorrect setup
Check the sound card in the PC. Ensure that the mute button is not pressed and the volume settings are correct.
No audio or
very poor audio quality
Check that the correct Audio Input source is selected under Setup > Audio > Source. Select Microphone for the
internal microphone or for a connected external microphone. Select Line for a connected line in source.
Audio volume too low/high
Volume settings incorrect
The volume of the microphone is either too high or too low. Change the volume for the microphone in the toolbar on the Live View page.
Poor audio quality
Too many users
Too many users/clients connected to the camera may affect the sound quality adversely. Try limiting the number
of clients allowed to connect under Basic Configuration > Users.
CPU overloaded
Reduce the number of listeners and viewers and decrease the image resolution and compression.
Unsynchronized audio and video
It is recommended that the camera's time setting is synchronized with an NTP Server. This is enabled under System Options > Date & Time.
Distorted audio
Check that the correct Audio Input source is selected under Setup > Audio > Source. Select Microphone for the
internal microphone or for a connected external microphone. Select Line for a connected line in source.
Stuttering audio
Audio break-up (stuttering audio) can be reduced using the Audio Buffer in AXIS Media Control. Right-click the
video image and select ‘Settings’ and ‘Audio’. A higher audio buffering level will reduce audio break-up, but may
introduce a noticeable lag in audio transmission.
For additional assistance, please contact your reseller or see the support pages on the Axis Website at
www.axis.com/techsup
37
AXIS 212 PTZ - Technical Specifications
Technical Specifications
Item
Specification
Model
AXIS 212 PTZ Network Camera
Image sensor
3.1 Megapixel ½” Micron progressive scan CMOS
Lens
Fujinon, F1.8, fixed iris
Horizontal viewing angle: 44º-140º
Vertical viewing angle: 35º-105º
Minimum
illumination
10 Lux Wide mode
20 Lux Tele mode
Video compression
Motion JPEG
MPEG-4 Part 2 (ISO/IEC 14496-2) with motion estimation
Profiles: Advanced Simple Profile and Simple Profile
Resolutions
9 resolutions from 640x480 to 160x120 via API
6 selections via configuration Web page
Frame rate
Up to 30 frames per second in VGA (Motion JPEG and MPEG-4)
Video streaming
Simultaneous Motion JPEG and MPEG-4
Controllable frame rate and bandwidth
Constant and variable bit rate (MPEG-4)
Image settings
Compression levels: 100
Configurable color level, brightness, sharpness, contrast, white balance, exposure control, fine tuning of behavior at low
light. Overlay capabilities: time, date, text
Shutter time
1/5 sec to 1/10000 sec
Audio
Configurable for built-in or external microphone
Audio compression
- Audio stream from camera to client/application: AAC LC 8-32 kbit/s,
G.711 PCM 64 kbit/s, G.726 ADPCM 32 or 24 kbit/s
- Audio stream from client/application to camera: G.711 PCM 64 kbit/s
Half duplex, simplex or audio off
Audio alarm at configurable detection level
Security
Multiple user access levels with password protection, IP address filtering, HTTPS encryption
Users
20 simultaneous users
Unlimited number of users using multicast (MPEG-4)
Alarm and event
management
Events triggered by built-in multi-window motion detection, audio detection, external inputs or according to a
schedule
Image upload over FTP, email and HTTP
Notification over TCP, email, HTTP and external output
Pre- and post alarm buffer of 9 MB (approx 5 min of 320x240 resolution video at 4 frames per sec)
Pan/Tilt/Zoom
3x instant zoom
± 70º instant pan
± 52º instant tilt
Pan/Tilt/Zoom speed
Pan and Tilt: Better than 400º/second
Zoom: Better than 0,1 second (max wide to max tele)
Connectors
Ethernet 10BaseT/100BaseTX, RJ-45
Mini DC power jack
Terminal block for 1 alarm input and 1 output
3.5 mm jack for Mic in (max 80 mVpp) or Line mono input (max 6.4 Vpp),
3.5 mm jack for Line mono output (max 1.3 Vpp) to active speaker
Processors, memory,
clock
CPU, video processing and compression: ARTPEC-A
RAM: 32 MB, Flash: 8 MB
Battery backed-up real-time clock
Power
5 V DC max 3.6 W, or Power over Ethernet (IEEE 802.3af) with power classification: Class 1 (max 3.84 W)
Operating conditions
5 – 40º C (41 – 104 ºF)
Humidity 20 - 80% RH (non-condensing)
Installation,
management and
maintenance
AXIS Camera Management tool on CD and Web-based configuration
Configuration of backup and restore
Firmware upgrades over HTTP or FTP, firmware available at www.axis.com
38
AXIS 212 PTZ - Technical Specifications
Item
Specification
Video access from
Web browser
Camera live view, sequence tour capability for up to 20 Axis video sources, customizable HTML pages
Minimum web
browsing
requirements
Pentium III CPU 500 MHz or higher, or equivalent
AMD 128 MB RAM
AGP graphic card, Direct Draw, 32 MB RAM
Windows XP or 2000, DirectX 9.0 or later
Internet Explorer 6.x or later
For other operating systems and browsers see www.axis.com/techsup
System integration
support
Full support for Axis joystick
Powerful API for software integration available at www.axis.com, including AXIS VAPIX API, AXIS Media Control SDK,
event trigger data in video stream and embedded scripting.
Watchdog secures continuous operation, can be monitored by other systems via event notification.
Embedded operating system: Linux 2.6
Supported protocols
IPv4/v6, TCP, ICMP, ARP, RTSP, RTP, RTCP, UDP, IGMP, DHCP, DNS, DynDNS, SOCKS, NTP, UPnP, Bonjour, HTTP, HTTPS,
SSL/TLS*, SNMPv1/v2c/v3 (MIB-II), SMTP, FTP, etc. More information on protocol usage available at www.axis.com
* This product includes software developed by the Open SSL Project for use in the Open SSL Tool kit (www.openssl.org)
Video management
software
(not included)
AXIS Camera Station - Surveillance application for viewing, recording and archiving up to 25 cameras
See www.axis.com/partner/adp_partners.htmfor more software applications via partners
Included accessories
Installation Guide, CD with installation and management tools, demo software and User’s Manual, mounting and
connector kits, angled wall mount,
power supply PS-H 5.1 V DC, MPEG-4 licenses (1 encoder, 1 decoder), MPEG-4 decoder (Windows)
Approvals
EN55022 Class B, EN55024, EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3, FCC Part 15 Subpart B Class B, VCCI Class B, ICES-003
Class B, C-tick AS/NZS CISPR 22, EN60950
Power supply: UL, CSA
Dimensions
78 x 144 x 132 mm (3.0” x 5.6” x 5.2”)
Weight: 504 g (1.1 lbs)
General performance considerations
When setting up your system, it is important to consider how various settings and situations will affect
performance. Some factors affect the amount of bandwidth (the bit rate) required, others can affect the frame
rate, and some will affect both. If the load on the CPU reaches its maximum, this will also affect the frame rate.
The following factors are among the most important to consider:
• High image resolutions and/or lower compression levels result in larger images. Bandwidth affected.
• Access by large numbers of Motion JPEG and/or unicast MPEG-4 clients. Bandwidth affected.
• Simultaneous viewing of different streams (resolution, compression, etc.) by different clients. Frame
rate and bandwidth affected.
• Accessing both Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 video streams simultaneously. Frame rate and bandwidth
affected.
• Heavy usage of event settings affects the camera’s CPU load. Frame rate affected.
• Enabled motion detection. Frame rate and bandwidth affected.
• Heavy network utilization due to poor infrastructure. Bandwidth affected
• Viewing on poorly performing client PC’s lowers perceived performance. Frame rate affected.
39
AXIS 212 PTZ - Technical Specifications
Optimizing your system
To see the bandwidth and frame rate currently required by the video stream, the AXIS 212 PTZ provides a tool
that can be used to display these values directly in the video image.
To do this, special format strings are added as part of a text overlay.
Simply add #r (average frame rate in fps) and/or #b (average bandwidth
in kbps) to the overlay.
For detailed instructions, please see the online help for Video & Image >
Text Overlay Settings, and the help for File Naming & Date/Time
Formats.
Important!
•The figures displayed here are the values as delivered by the camera. If other restrictions are currently in force, (e.g. bandwidth limitation) these values might not correspond to those actually received by the client.
•For Motion JPEG, these values will be accurate as long as no frame rate limit has been specified.
Bandwidth
As there are many factors that affect bandwidth, it is very difficult to predict the required amounts. The settings
that affect bandwidth are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
image resolution
image compression
frame rate
MPEG-4 GOV settings
bit rate control settings
audio settings
There are also factors in the monitored scene that will affect the bandwidth. These are:
• amount of motion
• image’s complexity
• lighting conditions
For MPEG-4, if there is only limited bandwidth available, and if this is more important than the image quality,
using a constant bit rate (CBR) is recommended. Use a variable bit rate (VBR) if the image quality needs to be
maintained at a higher level. If supported on the network, consider also using MPEG-4 multicasting, as the
bandwidth consumption will be much lower.
40
AXIS 212 PTZ - Glossary of Terms
Glossary of Terms
Resolution.
Client/Server - Client/server describes the relationship between two
computer programs in which one program, the client, makes a service
request from another program, the server, which fulfils the request.
Typically, multiple client programs share the services of a common
server program. A web browser is a client program that requests services
(the sending of web pages or files) from a web server.
ActiveX - A standard that enables software components to interact with
one another in a networked environment, regardless of the language(s)
used to create them. Web browsers may come into contact with ActiveX
controls, ActiveX documents, and ActiveX scripts. ActiveX controls are
often downloaded and installed automatically as required.
CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) - A CMOS is a
widely used type of semiconductor that uses both negative and positive
circuits. Since only one of the circuit types is on at any given time,
CMOS chips require less power than chips using just one type of
transistor. CMOS image sensors also allow processing circuits to be
included on the same chip, an advantage not possible with CCD sensors,
which are also much more expensive to produce.
AF (Autofocus) - A system by which the camera lens automatically
focuses on a selected part of the subject.
Angle - The field of view, relative to a standard lens in a 35mm still
camera, expressed in degrees, e.g. 30°. For practical purposes, this is the
area that a lens can cover, where the angle of view is determined by the
focal length of the lens. A wide-angle lens has a short focal length and
covers a wider angle of view than standard or telephoto lenses, which
have longer focal lengths.
Codec - In communications engineering, a codec is usually a
coder/decoder. Codecs are used in integrated circuits or chips that
convert e.g. analog video and audio signals into a digital format for
transmission. The codec also converts received digital signals back into
analog format. A codec uses analog-to-digital conversion and
digital-to-analog conversion in the same chip.
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) - This protocol is used to associate
an IP address to a hardware MAC address. A request is broadcast on the
local network to discover the MAC address for an IP address.
ARTPEC (Axis Real Time Picture Encoder) - This chip is used for image
compression.
Codec can also mean compression/decompression, in which case it is
generally taken to mean an algorithm or computer program for reducing
the size of large files and programs.
ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) - A circuit designed for
a specific application, as opposed to a general purpose circuit, such as a
microprocessor.
Compression - See Image Compression.
Aspect ratio - A ratio of width to height in images. A common aspect
ratio used for television screens and computer monitors is 4:3.
High-definition television (HDTV) uses an aspect ratio of 9:16.
Contrast - Defines the degree of difference between the lightest and
darkest parts of an image or video stream.
DC-Iris - This special type of iris is electrically controlled by the
camera, to automatically regulate the amount of light allowed to enter.
Autoiris (or DC-Iris) - This special type of iris is electrically controlled
by the camera, to automatically regulate the amount of light allowed to
enter.
AVI (Audio Video Interleave) - A video format that supports
simultaneous playback of audio and video.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - DHCP is a protocol
that lets network administrators automate and centrally manage the
assignment of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to network devices in a
network.
Bitmap - A bitmap is a data file representing a rectangular grid of
pixels. It defines a display space and color for each pixel (or "bit") in the
display space. This type of image is known as a "raster graphic." GIF's
and JPEG's are examples of image file types that contain bitmaps.
DHCP uses the concept of a "lease" or amount of time that a given IP
address will be valid for a computer. The lease time can vary, depending
on how long a user is likely to require the network connection at a
particular location.
Because a bitmap uses this fixed raster method, it cannot easily be
rescaled without losing definition. Conversely, a vector graphic image
uses geometrical shapes to represent the image, and can thus be quickly
rescaled.
DHCP also supports static addresses for e.g. computers running web
servers, which need a permanent IP address.
DNS (Domain Name System) - DNS is used to locate and translate
Internet domain names into IP (Internet Protocol) addresses. A domain
name is a meaningful and easy-to-remember name for an Internet
address. For example the domain name www.example.com is much
easier to remember than 192.0.34.166. The translation tables for domain
names are contained in Domain name servers.
Bit rate - The bit rate (in kbit/s or Mbit/s) is often referred to as speed,
but actually defines the number of bits/time unit and not distance/time
unit.
Bluetooth - Bluetooth is an open standard for wireless transmission of
voice and data between mobile devices (PCs, handheld computers,
telephones and printers).
Domain Server - Domains can also be used by organizations who wish
to centralize the management of their (Windows) computers. Each user
within a domain has an account that usually allows them to log in to
and use any computer in the domain, although restrictions may also
apply. The domain server is the server that authenticates the users on the
network.
Bonjour - Also known as zero-configuration networking, Bonjour
enables devices to automatically discover each other on a network,
without having to enter IP addresses or configure DNS servers. Bonjour
is a trademark
of Apple
Computer,
AXIS
COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name>
Quick
User’sInc.
Guide
Duplex - See Full-duplex.
Broadband - In network engineering terms, this describes transmission
methods where two or more signals share the same carrier. In more
popular terminology, broadband is taken to mean high-speed data
transmission.
Ethernet - Ethernet is the most widely installed local area network
technology. An Ethernet LAN typically uses special grades of twisted
pair wires. The most commonly installed Ethernet systems are 10BASE-T
and 100BASE-T10, which provide transmission speeds up to 10 Mbps
and 100 Mbps respectively.
CCD (Charged Coupled Device) - This light-sensitive image device used
in many digital cameras is a large integrated circuit that contains
hundreds of thousands of photo-sites (pixels) that convert light energy
into electronic signals. Its size is measured diagonally and can be 1/4",
1/3", 1/2" or 2/3".
ETRAX (Ethernet Token Ring AXIS) - Axis' own microprocessor.
Factory default settings - These are the settings that originally applied
for a device when it was first delivered from the factory. If it should
become necessary to reset a device to its factory default settings, this
will, for many devices, completely reset any settings that were changed
by the user.
CGI (Common Gateway Interface) - A specification for communication
between a web server and other (CGI) programs. For example, a HTML
page that contains a form might use a CGI program to process the form
data once it is submitted.
Firewall - A firewall works as a barrier between networks, e.g. between
a Local Area Network and the Internet. The firewall ensures that only
authorized users are allowed to access the one network from the other. A
CIF (Common Intermediate Format) - CIF refers to the analog video
resolutions 352x288 pixels (PAL) and 352x240 pixels (NTSC). See also
41
AXIS 212 PTZ - Glossary of Terms
firewall can be software running on a computer, or it can be a
standalone hardware device.
Image compression - Image compression minimizes the file size (in
bytes) of an image. Two of the most common compressed image formats
are JPEG and GIF.
Focal length - Measured in millimeters, the focal length of a camera
lens determines the width of the horizontal field of view, which in turn is
measured in degrees.
Interlacing - Interlaced video is video captured at 50 pictures (known as
fields) per second, of which every 2 consecutive fields (at half height) are
then combined into 1 frame. Interlacing was developed many years ago
for the analog TV world and is still used widely today. It provides good
results when viewing motion in standard TV pictures, although there is
always some degree of distortion in the image.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - An application protocol that uses the
TCP/IP protocols. It is used to exchange files between computers/devices
on networks.
Frame - A frame is a complete video image. In the 2:1 interlaced
scanning format of the RS-170 and CCIR formats, a frame is made up of
two separate fields of 262.5 or 312.5 lines interlaced at 60 or 50 Hz to
form a complete frame, which appears at 30 or 25 Hz. In video cameras
with a progressive scan, each frame is scanned line-by-line and not
interlaced; most are also displayed at 30 and 25 Hz.
To view interlaced video on e.g. a computer monitor, the video must first
be de-interlaced, to produce progressive video, which consists of
complete images, one after the other, at 25 frames per second. See also
Progressive scan.
IP (Internet Protocol) - The Internet Protocol is a method transmitting
data over a network. Data to be sent is divided into individual and
completely independent "packets." Each computer (or host) on the
Internet has at least one address that uniquely identifies it from all
others, and each data packet contains both the sender's address and the
receiver's address.
Frame rate - The frame rate used to describe the frequency at which a
video stream is updated is measured in frames per second (fps). A higher
frame rate is advantageous when there is movement in the video stream,
as it maintains image quality throughout.
Full-duplex - Transmission of data in two directions simultaneously. In
an audio system this would describe e.g. a telephone systems.
Half-duplex also provides bi-directional communication, but only in one
direction at a time, as in a walkie-talkie system. See also Simplex.
The Internet Protocol ensures that the data packets all arrive at the
intended address. As IP is a connectionless protocol, which means that
there is no established connection between the communication
end-points, packets can be sent via different routes and do not need to
arrive at the destination in the correct order.
Gain - Gain is the amplification factor and the extent to which an
analog amplifier boosts the strength of a signal. Amplification factors
are usually expressed in terms of power. The decibel (dB) is the most
common way of quantifying the gain of an amplifier.
Once the data packets have arrived at the correct destination, another
protocol - Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) - puts them in the right
order. See also TCP.
Gateway - A gateway is a point in a network that acts as an entry point
to another network. In a corporate network for example, a computer
server acting as a gateway often also acts as a proxy server and a
firewall server. A gateway is often associated with both a router, which
knows where to direct a given packet of data that arrives at the gateway,
and a switch, which furnishes the actual path in and out of the gateway
for a given packet.
IP Address - An IP address is simply an address on an IP network used
by a computer/device connected to that network. IP addresses allow all
the connected computers/devices to find each other and to pass data
back and forth.
To avoid conflicts, each IP address on any given network must be
unique. An IP address can be assigned as fixed, so that it does not
change, or it can be assigned dynamically (and automatically) by DHCP.
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) - GIF is one of the most common
file formats used for images in web pages. There are two versions of the
format, 87a and 89a. Version 89a supports animations, i.e. a short
sequence of images within a single GIF file. A GIF89a can also be
specified for interlaced presentation.
An IP address consists of four groups (or quads) of decimal digits
separated by periods, e.g. 130.5.5.25. Different parts of the address
represent different things. Some part will represent the network number
or address, and some other part will represent the local machine address.
GOV (Group Of VOPs) - A group of VOP's is the basic unit of an
MPEG-4 video stream. The GOV contains different types and numbers of
VOP's (I-VOP's, P-VOP's, etc) as determined by the GOV length and GOV
structure. See also VOP.
See also IP (Internet Protocol).
I-VOP - See VOP.
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) - Together with the GIF file
format, JPEG is an image file type commonly used on the web. A JPEG
image is a bitmap, and usually has the file suffix '.jpg' or ".jpeg." When
creating a JPEG image, it is possible to configure the level of
compression to use. As the lowest compression (i.e. the highest quality)
results in the largest file, there is a trade-off between image quality and
file size.
GOV length - The GOV length determines the number of images (VOP's)
in the GOV structure. See also GOV and VOP.
GOV structure - The GOV structure describes the composition of an
MPEG-4 video stream, as regards the type of images (I-VOP's or
P-VOP's) included in the stream, and their internal order. See also GOV
and VOP.
kbit/s (kilobits per second) - A measure of the bit rate, i.e. the rate at
which bits are passing a given point. See also Bit rate.
Half-duplex - See Full-duplex.
AXIS
COMMUNICATIONS
HTML (Hypertext
- HTML is the set of "markup"
<Product
Name>Markup
Quick Language)
User’s Guide
LAN (Local Area Network) - A LAN is a group of computers and
associated devices that typically share common resources within a
limited geographical area.
symbols or codes inserted in a file intended for display in web browser.
The markup tells the browser how to display the page's words and
images for the user.
Linux - Linux is an open source operating system within the Unix
family. Because of its robustness and availability, Linux has won
popularity in the open source community and among commercial
application developers.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) - HTTP is the set of rules for
exchanging files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and other
multimedia files) on the web. The HTTP protocol runs on top of the
TCP/IP suite of protocols.
MAC address (Media Access Control address) - A MAC address is a
unique identifier associated with a piece of networking equipment, or
more specifically, its interface with the network. For example, the
network card in a computer has its own MAC address.
Hub - A (network) hub is used to connect multiple devices to the
network. The hub transmits all data to all devices connected to it,
whereas a switch will only transmit the data to the device it is
specifically intended for.
Manual iris - This is the opposite to an auto iris, i.e. the camera iris
must be adjusted manually to regulate the amount of light allowed to
reach the image sensor.
IEEE 802.11 - A family of standards for wireless LANs. The 802.11
standard supports 1 or 2 Mbit/s transmission on the 2.4 GHz band. IEEE
802.11b specifies an 11 Mbit/s data rate on the 2.4 GHz band, while
802.11a allows up to 54 Mbit/s on the 5 GHz band.
Mbit/s (Megabits per second) - A measure of the bit rate, i.e. the rate at
which bits are passing a given point. Commonly used to give the "speed"
42
AXIS 212 PTZ - Glossary of Terms
of a network. A LAN might run at 10 or 100 Mbit/s. See also Bit rate.
network device via the same cable as used for the network connection.
This is very useful for IP-Surveillance and remote monitoring
applications in places where it may be too impractical or expensive to
power the device from a power outlet.
Monitor - A monitor is very similar to a standard television set, but
lacks the electronics to pick up regular television signals.
Motion JPEG - Motion JPEG is a simple compression/decompression
technique for networked video. Latency is low and image quality is
guaranteed, regardless of movement or complexity of the image. Image
quality is controlled by adjusting the compression level, which in turn
provides control over the file size, and thereby the bit rate.
PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) - A protocol that uses a serial interface
for communication between two network devices. For example, a PC
connected by a phone line to a server.
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunnelling Protocol) - A protocol (set of
communication rules) that allows corporations to extend their own
corporate network through private "tunnels" over the public Internet. In
this way a corporation can effectively use a WAN (Wide Area Network)
as a large single LAN (Local Area Network). This kind of interconnection
is known as a virtual private network (VPN).
High-quality individual images from the Motion JPEG stream are easily
extracted. See also JPEG.
Megapixel - See Pixel.
MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) - The Moving Picture Experts
Group develops standards for digital video and audio compression. It
operates under the auspices of the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO). The MPEG standards are an evolving series, each
designed for a different purpose.
Pre/post alarm images - The images from immediately before and after
an alarm. These images are stored in a buffer for later retrieval.
Progressive scan - Progressive scan, as opposed to interlaced video,
scans the entire picture, line by line every sixteenth of a second. In other
words, captured images are not split into separate fields as in interlaced
scanning.
MPEG-2 - MPEG-2 is the designation for a group of audio and video
coding standards, and is typically used to encode audio and video for
broadcast signals, including digital satellite and Cable TV. MPEG-2, with
some modifications, is also the coding format used by standard
commercial DVD movies.
Computer monitors do not need interlace to show the picture on the
screen, but instead show them progressively, on one line at a time in
perfect order, i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 etc., so there is virtually no
"flickering" effect. In a surveillance application, this can be critical when
viewing detail within a moving image, such as a person running. A
high-quality monitor is required to get the best from progressive scan.
See also Interlacing.
MPEG-4 - MPEG-4 is a group of audio and video coding standards and
related technology. The primary uses for the MPEG-4 standard are web
(streaming media) and CD distribution, conversational (videophone), and
broadcast television.
Most of the features included in MPEG-4 are left to individual
developers to decide whether to implement them or not. This means that
there are probably no complete implementations of the entire MPEG-4
set of standards. To deal with this, the standard includes the concept of
"profiles" and "levels", allowing a specific set of capabilities to be
defined in a manner appropriate for a subset of applications.
Protocol - A special set of rules governing how two entities will
communicate. Protocols are found at many levels of communication,
and there are hardware protocols and software protocols.
Proxy server - In an organization that uses the Internet, a proxy server
acts as an intermediary between a workstation user and the Internet.
This provides security, administrative control, and a caching service.
Any proxy server associated with a gateway server, or part of a gateway
server, effectively separates the organization’s network from the outside
network and the local firewall. It is the firewall server that protects the
network against outside intrusion.
Multicast - Bandwidth-conserving technology that reduces bandwidth
usage by simultaneously delivering a single stream of information to
multiple network recipients.
Multiplexer - A multiplexer is a high-speed switch that provides
full-screen images from up to 16 analog cameras. Multiplexers can
playback everything that happened on any one camera with no
interference from the other cameras on the system.
A proxy server receives requests for Internet services (such as web page
requests) from many users. If the proxy server is also a cache server, it
looks in its local cache of previously downloaded web pages. If it finds
the page, it is returned to the user without forwarding the request to the
Internet. If the page is not in the cache, the proxy server, acting as a
client on behalf of the user, uses one of its own IP addresses to request
the page from another server over the Internet. When the requested page
is returned, the proxy server forwards it to the user that originally
requested it.
Network connectivity - The physical (wired or wireless) and logical
(protocol) connection of a computer network or an individual device to a
network, such as the Internet or a LAN.
NTSC (National Television System Committee) - NTSC is the television
and video standard in the United States. NTSC delivers 525 lines at 60
half-frames/second.
PTZ - Pan, tilt and zoom.
NWay is a telecommunications protocol used to automatically negotiate
the highest available transmission speed between network devices. The
NWay protocol is also known as auto-negotiation or auto-sensing.
P-VOP - See VOP.
Resolution - Image resolution is a measure of how much detail a digital
image can hold: the greater the resolution, the greater the level of detail.
Resolution can be specified as the number of pixel-columns (width) by
the number of pixel-rows (height), e.g. 320x240.
OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) - This is a designation for
companies that manufacture equipment which is then marketed and sold
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COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name> under
Quicktheir
User’s
Guide
to other companies
own names.
Alternatively, the total number of pixels (usually in megapixels) in the
image can be used. In analog systems it is also common to use other
format designations, such as CIF, QCIF, 4CIF, etc.
PAL (Phase Alternating Line) - PAL is the dominant television standard
in Europe. PAL delivers 625 lines at 50 half-frames/second.
PEM (Privacy Enhanced Mail) - An early standard for securing
electronic mail. The PEM-format is often used for representing an HTTPS
certificate or certificate request.
RTCP (Real-Time Control Protocol) - RTCP provides support for
real-time conferencing of groups of any size within an intranet. This
support includes source identification and support for gateways like
audio and video bridges as well as multicast-to-unicast translators.
Ping - Ping is a basic network program used diagnostically to check the
status of a network host or device. Ping can be used to see if a particular
network address (IP address or host name) is occupied or not, or if the
host at that address is responding normally. Ping can be run from e.g.
the Windows Command prompt or the command line in Unix.
RTCP offers quality-of-service feedback from receivers to the multicast
group as well as support for the synchronization of different media
streams.
RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol) - RTP is an Internet protocol for
the transport of real-time data, e.g. audio and video. It can be used for
media-on-demand as well as interactive services such as Internet
telephony.
Pixel - A pixel is one of the many tiny dots that make up a digital
image. The color and intensity of each pixel represents a tiny area of the
complete image.
PoE (Power over Ethernet) - Power over Ethernet provides power to a
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AXIS 212 PTZ - Glossary of Terms
RTSP (Real Time Streaming Protocol) - RTSP is a control protocol, and
a starting point for negotiating transports such as RTP, multicast and
Unicast, and for negotiating codecs.
Router.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - TCP is used along with the
Internet Protocol (IP) to transmit data as packets between computers
over the network. While IP takes care of the actual packet delivery, TCP
keeps track of the individual packets that the communication (e.g.
requested a web page file) is divided into, and, when all packets have
arrived at their destination, it reassembles them to re-form the complete
file.
RTSP can be considered a "remote control" for controlling the media
stream delivered by a media server. RTSP servers typically use RTP as
the protocol for the actual transport of audio/video data.
Router - A device that determines the next network point to which a
packet should be forwarded on its way to its final destination. A router
creates and/or maintains a special routing table that stores information
on how best to reach certain destinations. A router is sometimes
included as part of a network switch. See also switch.
TCP is a connection-oriented protocol, which means that a connection is
established between the two end-points and is maintained until the data
has been successfully exchanged between the communicating
applications.
Server - In general, a server is a computer program that provides
services to other computer programs in the same or other computers. A
computer running a server program is also frequently referred to as a
server. In practice, the server may contain any number of server and
client programs. A web server is the computer program that supplies the
requested HTML pages or files to the client (browser).
Telnet - Telnet is a simple method with which to access another network
device, e.g. a computer. The HTTP protocol and the FTP protocols allow
you to request specific files from remote computers, but do not allow
you logon as a user of that computer. With Telnet, you log on as a
regular user with whatever privileges you may have been granted for
specific applications and data residing on that computer.
Sharpness - This is the control of fine detail within a picture. This
feature was originally introduced into color TV sets that used notch filter
decoders. This filter took away all high frequency detail in the black and
white region of the picture. The sharpness control attempted to put some
of that detail back in the picture. Sharpness controls are mostly
superfluous in today's high-end TVs. The only logical requirement for it
nowadays is on a VHS machine.
TVL (TV Lines) - A method of defining resolutions in analog video.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol) - UDP is a communications protocol
that offers limited service for exchanging data in a network that uses the
Internet Protocol (IP). UDP is an alternative to the Transmission Control
Protocol (TCP). The advantage of UDP is that it is not required to deliver
all data and may drop network packets when there is e.g. network
congestion. This is suitable for live video, as there is no point in
re-transmitting old information that will not be displayed anyway.
Simplex - In simplex operation, a network cable or communications
channel can only send information in one direction.
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) - SMTP is used for sending and
receiving e-mail. However, as it is "simple," it is limited in its ability to
queue messages at the receiving end, and is usually used with one of two
other protocols, POP3 or IMAP. These other protocols allow the user to
save messages in a server mailbox and download them periodically from
the server.
Unicast - Communication between a single sender and a single receiver
over a network. A new connection is established for each new user.
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) - An "address" on the network.
USB - (Universal Serial Bus) A plug-and-play interface between a
computer and peripheral devices, e.g. scanners, printers, etc.
Varifocal lens - A varifocal lens provides a wide range of focal lengths,
as opposed to a lens with a fixed focal length, which only provides one.
SMTP authentication is an extension of SMTP, whereby the client is
required to log into the mail server before or during the sending of
email. It can be used to allow legitimate users to send email while
denying the service to unauthorized users, such as spammers.
VPN (Virtual Private Network) - This creates a secure "tunnel" between
the points within the VPN. Only devices with the correct "key" will be
able to work within the VPN. The VPN network can be within a
company LAN (Local Area Network), but different sites can also be
connected over the Internet in a secure way. One common use for VPN
is for connecting a remote computer to the corporate network, via e.g. a
direct phone line or via the Internet.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) - SNMP forms part of
the Internet Protocol suite, as defined by the Internet Engineering Task
Force. The protocol can support monitoring of network-attached devices
for any conditions that warrant administrative attention.
Sockets - Sockets are a method for communication between a client
program and a server program over a network. A socket is defined as
"the endpoint in a connection." Sockets are created and used with a set
of programming requests or "function calls" sometimes called the
sockets application programming interface (API).
VOP (Video Object Plane) - A VOP is an image frame in an MPEG-4
video stream. There are several types of VOP:
- An I-VOP is complete image frame.
- A P-VOP codes the differences between images, as long as it is more
efficient to do so. Otherwise it codes the whole image, which may also
be a completely new image.
SSL/TSL (Secure Socket Layer/Transport Layer Security)
These two protocols (SSL is succeeded by TSL) are cryptographic
protocols that provide secure communication on a network. SSL is
commonly used over HTTP to form HTTPS, as used e.g. on the Internet
for electronic financial transactions. SSL uses public key certificates to
AXIS
COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name>ofQuick
User’s Guide
verify the
identity
the server.
WAN (Wide-Area-Network) - Similar to a LAN, but on a larger
geographical scale.
W-LAN (Wireless LAN) - A wireless LAN is a wireless local area
network that uses radio waves as its carrier: where the network
connections for end-users are wireless. The main network structure
usually uses cables.
Subnet/subnet mask - A subnet is an identifiably separate part of an
organization's network. Typically, a subnet may represent all the
machines at one geographic location, in one building, or on the same
local area network (LAN). Having an organization's network divided into
subnets allows it to be connected to the Internet with a single shared
network address.
Web server - A Web server is a program, which allows Web browsers
to retrieve files from computers connected to the Internet. The Web
server listens for requests from Web browsers and upon receiving a
request for a file sends it back to the browser.
The subnet mask is the part of the IP address that tells a network router
how to find the subnet that the data packet should be delivered to. Using
a subnet mask saves the router having to handle the entire 32-bit IP
address; it simply looks at the bits selected by the mask.
The primary function of a Web server is to serve pages to other remote
computers; consequently, it needs to be installed on a computer that is
permanently connected to the Internet. It also controls access to the
server whilst monitoring and logging server access statistics.
Switch - A switch is a network device that connects network segments
together, and which selects a path for sending a unit of data to its next
destination. In general, a switch is a simpler and faster mechanism than
a router, which requires knowledge about the network and how to
determine the route. Some switches include the router function. See also
WEP (Wireless Equivalent Privacy) - A wireless security protocol,
specified in the IEEE 802.11 standard, which is designed to provide a
wireless local area network (WLAN) with a level of security and privacy
comparable to that usually expected of a wired LAN. Security is at two
different levels; 40-bit and 128-bit encryption. The higher the bit
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AXIS 212 PTZ - Glossary of Terms
number, the more secure the encryption.
WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service) - Part of the Microsoft
Windows NT Server, WINS manages the association of workstation
names and locations with IP addresses, without the user or administrator
having to be involved in each configuration change.
WPA-PSK (Wi-Fi Protected Access - Pre-Shared Key) - This wireless
encryption method uses a pre-shared key (PSK) for key management.
Keys can usually be entered as manual hex values, as hexadecimal
characters, or as a Passphrase. WPA-PSK provides a greater degree of
security than WEP.
Zoom lens - A zoom lens can be moved (zoomed) to enlarge the view of
an object to show more detail.
AXIS COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name> Quick User’s Guide
45
AXIS 212 PTZ - Index
Index
Host Name 28
HTML Examples 20
HTTP Server 22
HTTPS 26
A
Action 22
Action Buttons 9, 19
Active/Inactive 19
Administrator 13
Alarm 24, 33
AMC 8
AMC Viewer Toolbar 9
Audio 10, 16
Audio input 17
Audio output 17
Auxiliary Power 33
AXIS Media Control 16
I
I/O Ports 30
I/O Terminal Block 6, 33
Include Windows 25
Input 33
IP Address Filtering 26
L
Live View 9, 13
Live View Config 18
Logs & Reports 31
M
B
Motion Detection 24, 33
MPEG-4 Settings 15
Backup 30
Bit Rate 15
Bonjour 8, 30
Buffer Size 23
Buffers 23
N
NAT traversal 9, 28
Network Connector 6
Network Settings 27
NTP Server 27
C
Configuration 13
Control Button 6, 32
Control Panel 10
Customize 18
O
One-click PTZ 10
Output 33
Output Buttons 19
Overview image 10
Own Home Page 19
Own Web Files 19
D
Date & Time 27
Default Viewer 20
DNS Configuration 27
DNS Server 28
Domain Name 28
P
Port Status 25
Ports & Devices 30
Post-trigger Buffer 23
Power Connector 6
Preset Positions 21
Pre-trigger Buffer 23
PTZ 21
Pulse 9, 19
Push to talk 16
E
Emergency Recovery 34
Event Servers 22
Event Types 23
Events 22
External Video 20
F
Factory Default Settings 32
Frame Rate 14
FTP Server 22
Q
G
R
QuickTime 8, 12, 20
Real Player 8, 12
Recovery 34
Referrals 26
Restore 30
GOV Settings 15
Guard Tour 21
H
Half duplex 16
46
AXIS 212 PTZ - Index
S
Scheduled Event 22, 24
Security 26
Sequence mode 20, 21
Server Time 27
Services 27
Simplex 16
Snapshot button 9
SNMP 29
Support 31
System Options 26
T
TCP Server 22
TCP/IP Settings 27
Terminal Block 33
Time Mode 27
Triggered Event 22
Troubleshooting 34
U
Upgrade Server 30
Uploading web files 19
UPnP 28, 30
Users 26
V
Video Stream 14
47
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