Axis Communications 214 PTZ Security Camera User Manual

AXIS 214 PTZ
Network Camera
User’s Manual
About this Document
Support
This manual is intended for administrators and users of the AXIS 214 PTZ PTZ
Network Camera, and is applicable for software release 4.40. Previous
experience of networking will be of use when installing and using this
product. Some knowledge of UNIX or Linux-based systems may also be
beneficial, for developing shell scripts and applications. Later versions of this
document will be posted to the Axis Website, as required.
Should you require any technical assistance, please contact your Axis reseller.
If your questions cannot be answered immediately, your reseller will forward
your queries through the appropriate channels to ensure a rapid response. If
you are connected to the Internet, you can:
• download user documentation and firmware updates
• find answers to resolved problems in the FAQ database. Search by product,
category, or phrases
• report problems to Axis support by logging in to your private support area
Safety Notices Used In This Manual
Caution! - Indicates a potential hazard that can damage the product.
Important! - Indicates a hazard that can seriously impair operation.
Do not proceed beyond any of the above notices until you have fully
understood the implications.
Intellectual Property Rights
Axis AB has intellectual property rights relating to technology embodied in
the product described in this document. In particular, and without limitation,
these intellectual property rights may include one or more of the patents listed
at http://www.axis.com/patent.htm and one or more additional patents or
pending patent applications in the US and other countries.
This product contains licensed third-party software. See the menu item
“About” in the product’s user interface for more information.
This product contains source code copyright Apple Computer, Inc., under the
terms of Apple Public Source License 2.0 (see
http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/).
The source code is available from:
http://developer.apple.com/darwin/projects/bonjour/
Legal Considerations
Video surveillance can be prohibited by laws that vary from country to
country. Check the laws in your local region before using this product for
surveillance purposes.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
If use of this equipment causes harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures: Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the
separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment to an
outlet on a different circuit to the receiver. Consult your dealer or an
experienced radio/TV technician for help. Shielded (STP) network cables must
be used with this unit to ensure compliance with EMC standards.
USA - This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits
for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause interference, in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Canada - This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Europe This digital equipment fulfills the requirements for radiated
emission according to limit A of EN55022/1998, and the requirements for
immunity according to EN55024/1998 residential, commercial, and industry.
Warning! This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product
may cause radio interference, in which case the user may be required to take
adequate measures.
Japan - This is a class A product based on the standard of the Voluntary
Control Council for Interference by Information Technology Equipment (VCCI).
If this equipment is used in a domestic environment, radio disturbance may
arise. When such trouble occurs, the user may be required to take corrective
action.
Australia - This electronic device meets the requirements of the Radio
communications (Electromagnetic Compatibility) Standard 1998 AS/NZS 3548.
Warning! This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product
may cause radio interference, in which case the user may be required to take
adequate measures.
AXIS COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name> Quick User’s Guide
Liability
Every care has been taken in the preparation of this manual. Please inform
your local Axis office of any inaccuracies or omissions. Axis Communications
AB cannot be held responsible for any technical or typographical errors and
reserves the right to make changes to the product and manuals without prior
notice. Axis Communications AB makes no warranty of any kind with regard
to the material contained within this document, including, but not limited to,
the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
Axis Communications AB shall not be liable nor responsible for incidental or
consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, performance or use
of this material.
Trademark Acknowledgments
Ethernet, Internet Explorer, Linux, Microsoft, Mozilla, OS/2, UNIX, Wfine,
Windows, WWW are registered trademarks of the respective holders. Java and
all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks
of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Axis
Communications AB is independent of Sun Microsystems Inc. UPnPTM is a
certification mark of the UPnPTM Implementers Corporation. Bonjour is a
trademark of Apple Computer Inc.
Safety Notice - Battery Replacement
The AXIS 214 PTZ uses a 3.0V CR2032 Lithium battery as the power supply
for its internal real-time clock (RTC). Under normal conditions this battery will
last for a minimum of 5 years. Low battery power affects the operation of the
RTC, causing it to reset at every power-up. A log message will appear when the
battery needs replacing. The battery should not be replaced unless required!
If the battery does need replacing, please observe the following:
• Danger of Explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced
• Replace only with the same or equivalent battery, as recommended by the
manufacturer.
• Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Visit Axis Support at www.axis.com/techsup/
RoHS
This product complies with both the European RoHS directive,
2002/95/EC, and the Chinese RoHS regulations, ACPEIP.
WEEE Directive
The European Union has enacted a Directive 2002/96/EC on Waste
Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE Directive). This directive
is applicable in the European Union member states.
The WEEE marking on this product (see right) or its documentation
indicates that the product must not be disposed of together with household
waste. To prevent possible harm to human health and/or the environment, the
product must be disposed of in an approved and environmentally safe
recycling process. For further information on how to dispose of this product
correctly, contact the product supplier, or the local authority responsible for
waste disposal in your area.
Business users should contact the product supplier for information on how to
dispose of this product correctly. This product should not be mixed with other
commercial waste.
AXIS 214 PTZ User’s Manual
Revision 2.0
Part No: 29886
April 2007
Copyright© Axis Communications AB, 2006-2007
AXIS 214 PTZ
Table of contents
Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Rear panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Accessing the camera. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Accessing the camera from a browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Setting the password for root . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Accessing the camera from the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
The Live View page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Pan/Tilt/Zoom controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Viewer controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
PTZ Control Queue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Video and Audio Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Video Stream Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Audio Stream Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
MPEG-4 protocols and communication methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
How to stream MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
AXIS Media Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Other methods of accessing the video stream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
The Setup Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Accessing the setup tools from a browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Video & Image settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Image. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Overlay Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Advanced Camera Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
AXIS Media Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Basic Audio Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Advanced Audio Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Live View Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
HTML Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
External Video. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Sequence Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
PTZ Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Preset Positions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Guard Tour. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Advanced - Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Advanced - Ctrl Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Control Queue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Event configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Terminology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
3
AXIS 214 PTZ
Event servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Event types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Triggered events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Scheduled events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Motion Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Port Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
System Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Security - Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Security - IP Address Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Security - HTTPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Security - 802.1x . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Date & Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Network - Basic TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Network - Advanced TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Network - SOCKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Network - QoS (Quality of service) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Network - SMTP (email). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Network - SNMP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Network - UPnP™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Network - RTP / MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Network - Bonjour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Ports & Devices - I/O Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Advanced. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Resetting to the factory default settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
I/O inputs and outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Schematic connection diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Connecting audio equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Checking the Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Updating the Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Symptoms, Possible Causes and Remedial Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
General performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Optimizing your system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Frame rates - Motion JPEG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Frame rates - MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Glossary of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
4
AXIS 214 PTZ
Product Description
The AXIS 214 PTZ is a fully-featured PTZ Network Camera for security surveillance and remote monitoring.
With its removable automatic IR filter, the camera supports automatic day & night functionality.
The AXIS 214 PTZ is equipped with 1 input and 1 output, for connecting external devices, e.g. door
switches, etc. Two-way audio is supported by the LINE/MIC IN and LINE OUT ports.
Images from the camera are made available on the network as real-time, full frame rate Motion JPEG
streams and/or MPEG-4 video streams. Up to 10 viewers can access the AXIS 214 PTZ simultaneously when
using Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 unicast. The number of simultaneous viewers can be increased by using
multicast MPEG-4. Video can be viewed in 5 resolutions (up to 768x576).
The AXIS 214 PTZ contains advanced scheduling tools that can be used to trigger an event. As the camera
is designed for use in security systems, it is also equipped with security features such as IP address filtering,
HTTPS and multi-level users. The built-in web server provides full access to all features through the use of
a standard web browser.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Rear panel
The rear panel provides access to all of the available connections on the AXIS 214 PTZ. The view shown
here is from a ceiling mounted camera.
Control button
Power indicator Network indicator
Status indicator
LINE OUT
LINE/MIC IN
I/O terminal connector
Network
connector
Power connector
Control button - This is used to restore the factory default settings, as described in Resetting to the factory
default settings, on page 37.
Indicators - After completion of the startup and self-test routines, the multi-colored Network, Status and
Power indicators flash as follows:
Network
Status
Power
Amber
Flashes for activity on a 10 Mbit/s network
Green
Flashes for activity on a 100 Mbit/s network
None
No connection
Green
Normal operation
Amber
Flashes during startup, reset to factory default and firmware upgrade
Green
Normal operation
Amber
Flashes green/amber during upgrade
I/O terminal connector - The I/O terminal connector provides the physical interface to one transistor
output, one digital input and an auxiliary connection point for DC power. For more information, see I/O
inputs and outputs, on page 38.
Network connector - The AXIS 214 PTZ connects to the network via a standard network cable. The speed
of the local network segment (10BaseT/100BaseTX Ethernet) is automatically detected.
LINE OUT - For connecting a public address (PA) system or an active speaker with a built-in amplifier. A
stereo connector must be used for the audio out.
LINE/MIC IN - Input for a mono microphone, or for a line-in mono signal (only the left channel is used
from a stereo signal)
Power connector - For connection of the power adapter (included).
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Accessing the camera
The AXIS 214 PTZ can be used with most standard operating systems, and supports Microsoft Internet
Explorer 5.x or later, Netscape 7.x or later and Mozilla 1.4 or later.
Accessing the camera from a browser
1. Start a browser (Internet Explorer, Mozilla, Netscape Navigator).
2. Enter the IP address or host name of the AXIS 214 PTZ
in the Location/Address field of your browser.
3. Enter the user name and password set by the
administrator. If required, click Yes to install the AXIS
Media Control (AMC).
The Live View page is then displayed in your
browser.
Note: If this is the first time the camera is accessed, the ‘Configure
Root Password’ dialog will be displayed on the screen. “root”
is the default administrator user name.
Setting the password for root
1. Enter a password and then re-enter it to
confirm the spelling. Click OK.
2. The ‘Enter Network Password’ dialog will
appear. Enter the User name: root.
3. Enter the password as set above, and click
OK. If the password is lost, the cameras
must be reset to the factory default settings.
See page 37.
Notes:
•The layout of the Live View page in the AXIS 214 PTZ may
have been customized to meet the specific requirements of
the application. Consequently, many of the examples and functions in this section may differ from those displayed in your
Live View page.
•If the AXIS 214 PTZ is to be mounted on a ceiling, the image must be rotated. Go to Setup > Video & Image and set Rotate
image to 180 degrees.
•To view streaming video with AXIS Media Control (AMC) in Microsoft Internet Explorer, you must set your browser to allow
the to be installed on your computer. The first time an MPEG-4 video stream is accessed, AMC also installs an MPEG-4
decoder for viewing the video stream. As a license is required for each instance of the decoder, the product administrator may
have disabled the installation. If your workstation restricts the use of additional software components, the cameras can be
configured to use a Java applet for updating JPEG images. See the online help for more information.
Accessing the camera from the Internet
Once installed, the camera is accessible on your local network (LAN). To access the camera from the Internet
you must configure your router/firewall to allow incoming data traffic. For security reasons this is usually
done on a specific port. Please refer to the documentation for your router/firewall for further instructions.
For more information, please visit the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service at www.axiscam.net or, for
technical notes on this and other topics, visit the Axis Support Web at www.axis.com/techsup
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AXIS 214 PTZ
The Live View page
The following provides an overview of the controls found on the Live View page. If the AXIS 214 PTZ has
been customized (from Setup > Live View Config > Layout), the controls will be displayed accordingly:
The Video Format drop-down list allows the video format on the Live View page to be
temporarily changed.
The 2 types of Output button
each control the output directly
from the Live View page. These
are configured under Setup >
Live View Config > Layout.
Pulse - click this button to activate the output for a
defined period of time, e.g. to switch on a light for 20
seconds.
Active/Inactive - click these buttons to manually start
and stop a connected device, e.g. switch a light on/off.
These buttons start/stop the Sequence Mode which automatically displays the view from preset
positions at set intervals. Sequence mode is configured in Setup > PTZ Configuration >
Sequence Mode.
The source list is used to select the preset positions already configured in the camera.
These are created in Setup > PTZ Configuration > Preset Positions.
The Manual trigger buttons trigger an action directly from the Live View page. These buttons
are configured under Setup > Live View Config > Layout. Click these buttons to manually
start and stop events.
Use the Snapshot button to capture a snapshot of the image currently being displayed in the
window. Right-click on the image to save it in JPEG format on your computer.
Pan/Tilt/Zoom controls
The Live View page also displays the Pan/Tilt/Zoom controls.
These are enabled/disabled for specified users by the administrator under System Options
> Security > Users > User List.
The Pan Tilt and Zoom bars control their respective functions in two different ways.
Clicking anywhere on the bar's gradient allows for a 'smooth' adjustment of the camera's
position, whilst clicking on the arrows at the two ends of the bar causes a stepped,
incremental change.
Note: Setting the iris and focus manually will disable Auto iris/Auto focus.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Control panel
Click the Ctrl panel button to display the control panel, which provides
the following settings:
• Auto focus: Automatically adjusts the image focus.
• Auto iris: Automatically adjusts the amount of light reaching
the camera and gives the best results, This also protects the
image sensor from strong light.
• Backlight comp: Enabling backlight compensation makes the
subject clearer if the image background is too bright, or if the
subject is too dark.
• IR cut filter - when set to off, the camera will be able to “see”
infrared light, e.g. at night, thus making the image clearer. The
image is shown in black & white when the IR cut filter is off. Set
to Auto to automatically turn the filter off when the available
visible light falls below the minimum requirement.
The control panel can also show custom shortcuts, which are configured
from PTZ Configuration > Advanced > Ctrl Panel.
Viewer controls
The default viewer to use for displaying moving images is selected from Setup > Live View Config >
Layout.
The AMC viewer toolbar is available in Microsoft Internet Explorer only. See AXIS Media Control, on page
12 for more information. The AMC viewer toolbar displays the following buttons:
The Play/Stop buttons start and stop the live video stream.
The Snapshot button takes a snapshot of the currently displayed image. The Snapshot function
and the target directory for saving snapshots can be configured from AMC (AXIS Media
Control), which is available from the Windows Control Panel (Internet Explorer only).
Click the View Full Screen button and the video image will fill the entire screen area. No other
windows will be visible. Press Esc (Escape) on the computer keyboard to cancel full screen view.
The record button is used to record the current (MPEG-4) video stream. The location where the
image file is saved can be specified using the AMC control panel. To enable recording, Select
Live View Config > Viewer Settings > Enable recording button.
These buttons change the navigation mode. Selecting Center will move the camera view to
center on the position that was clicked. Joystick mode will move the camera in the direction
indicated by a mouse click, relative to the center of the image. The further from the center the
image is clicked, the greater the movement. These modes can also be selected by right-clicking
in the image.
Click the Speaker and Microphone buttons to switch the sound off and on for the speaker and
microphone, respectively.
When using Half-duplex mode this button toggles between allowing you to speak and listen.
The first icon indicates that you can talk and the speaker attached to the camera will play your
voice. The second indicates that you will hear audio from the camera, but no audio will be sent
to web clients. When in Simplex talk mode, the icon toggles between allowing you to speak and
is dimmed when you do not want other clients to receive any audio.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Use the slider to control the volume on the speaker and microphone. The volume can be
set between 0 and 100.
Area Zoom
This allows you to draw a box over a desired area to zoom into. To activate, click the Center button
described in the AMC viewer toolbar, or in other Internet browsers, select PTZ > Center. Using your mouse,
click in the image and, while holding down the left mouse button, draw a square over the area you would
like to zoom into.
This functionality may need to be calibrated before use. This is done from Setup > PTZ Configuration >
Advanced > Calibration.
Server push (not available for Microsoft Internet Explorer)
With this method, the AXIS 214 PTZ maintains and controls an open HTTP connection to the browser and
sends data as and when required, for as long as required.
QuickTime
For use with MPEG-4 only. Note that in the settings for Video & Image > Advanced > MPEG-4, the Video
object type must be set to Simple.
Java applet
This alternative uses a Java applet to update the images in the browser. No download is required. Note that
when this alternative is selected, external video sources will not be available on the live view page, and
audio will be mono-directional only (to the client only).
Still Image
Displays still images only. Hit your browser’s Refresh button to view a new image.
PTZ Control Queue
Only one user can use the Pan/Tilt/Zoom controls at any one time. When multiple users are accessing the
AXIS 214 PTZ’s Live View page, they must be placed in a queue and assigned a set period of time during
which they have the use of the PTZ controls. Use the buttons to request or release control of the PTZ
controls.
The PTZ Control Queue is set up by the administrator from PTZ Configuration > Control Queue.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Video and Audio Streams
The AXIS 214 PTZ provides several different image and video formats. The type to use depends on your
requirements and on the properties of your network.
The Live View page in the AXIS 214 PTZ provides access to Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 video streams, as
well as to single JPEG images. Other applications and clients can also access these video and audio
streams/images directly, without going via the Live View page.
Video Stream Types
Motion JPEG
This format uses standard JPEG still images in the video stream. These images are then displayed and
updated at a rate sufficient to create a stream that shows constantly updated motion.
The Motion JPEG stream uses considerable amounts of bandwidth, but also provides excellent image quality
and access to each and every individual image contained in the stream.
Note also that multiple clients accessing Motion JPEG streams can use different image settings.
MPEG-4
This is a video compression standard that makes good use of bandwidth, and which can provide
high-quality video streams at less than 1 Mbit/s.
The MPEG-4 standard provides scope for a large range of different coding tools for use by various
applications in different situations, and the AXIS 214 PTZ provides certain subsets of these tools. These are
represented as Video object types, which are selected for use with different viewing clients. The supported
video object types are:
•Simple - sets the coding type to H.263, as used by e.g. QuickTime™
•Advanced Simple - sets the coding type to MPEG-4 Part 2, as used by AMC (AXIS Media Control)
When using MPEG-4 it is also possible to control the bit rate, which in turn allows the amount of
bandwidth usage to be controlled. CBR (constant bit rate) is used to achieve a specific bit rate by varying
the quality of the MPEG-4 stream. When using VBR (variable bit rate), the quality of the video stream is
kept as constant as possible, at the cost of a varying bit rate.
Notes:
•MPEG-4 is licensed technology. The AXIS 214 PTZ includes one viewing client license. Installing additional unlicensed copies
of the viewing client is prohibited. To purchase additional licenses, contact your Axis reseller.
•All clients viewing the MPEG-4 stream must use the same image settings.
Audio Stream Types
The audio stream types for audio are:
• G.711 - International standard for encoding wired-telephone audio. Uses PCM samples to compress
audio where higher signal values are compressed more than lower values. In Axis products, this
sets the coding type to μ-law 64 kbit/s.
• G.726 - Uses PCM samples to code the difference between samples (ADPCM). Reduces bandwidth
without losing too much useful audio. In Axis products, this sets the coded bit rate to 24 or 32
kbit/s.
All stream types are ITU-T standards and operate on frequencies of up to 4 kHz.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
MPEG-4 protocols and communication methods
To deliver live streaming video over IP networks, various combinations of transport protocols and broadcast
methods are employed.
•RTP (Realtime Transport Protocol) is a protocol that allows programs to manage the real-time transmission of multimedia data, via unicast or multicast.
•RTSP (Real Time Streaming Protocol) serves as a control protocol, to negotiate which transport protocol to use for the stream. RTSP is thus used by a viewing client to start a unicast session, see
below.
•UDP (User Datagram Protocol) is a communications protocol that offers limited service for exchanging data in a network that uses the Internet Protocol (IP). UDP is an alternative to the Transmission
Control Protocol (TCP). The advantage of UDP is that it is not required to deliver all data and may
drop network packets when there is e.g. network congestion. This is suitable for live video, as there
is no point in re-transmitting old information that will not be displayed anyway.
•Unicasting is communication between a single sender and a single receiver over a network. This
means that the video stream goes independently to each user, and each user gets their own stream. A
benefit of unicasting is that if one stream fails, it only affects one user.
•Multicast is bandwidth-conserving technology that reduces bandwidth usage by simultaneously
delivering a single stream of information to multiple network users. This technology is used primarily on delimited networks (intranets), as each user needs an uninterrupted data flow and should not
rely on network routers.
How to stream MPEG-4
Deciding on the combination of protocols and methods to use depends on your viewing requirements, and
on the properties of your network. Setting the preferred method(s) is done in the control applet for AMC,
which is found in the Windows Control Panel. When this has been set, AMC will test all the selected
methods in the specified order, until the first functioning method is found.
RTP+RTSP
This method (actually RTP over UDP and RTSP over TCP) should be your first consideration for live video,
especially when it is important to always have an up-to-date video stream, even if some images do get
dropped. This can be configured as multicast or unicast.
Multicasting provides the most efficient usage of bandwidth, especially when there are large numbers of
clients viewing simultaneously. Note however, that a multicast broadcast cannot pass a network router
unless the router is configured to allow this. It is thus not possible to multicast over e.g. the Internet.
Unicasting should be used for video-on-demand broadcasting, so that there is no video traffic on the
network until a client connects and requests the stream. However, as more and more unicast clients
connect, the traffic on the network will increase and may cause congestion. Although there is a maximum
of 20 unicast viewers, note that all multicast users combined count as 1 unicast viewer.
RTP/RTSP
This unicast method is RTP tunneled over RTSP. This can be used to exploit the fact that it is relatively
simple to configure firewalls to allow RTSP traffic.
RTP/RTSP/HTTP or RTP/RTSP/HTTPS
These two methods can also be used to traverse firewalls. Firewalls are commonly configured to allow the
HTTP protocol, thus allowing RTP to be tunneled.
AXIS Media Control
The recommended method of accessing live video (MPEG-4 and/or Motion JPEG) and audio from the AXIS
214 PTZ is to use the AXIS Media Control (AMC) in Microsoft Internet Explorer in Windows. This ActiveX
component is automatically installed on first use, after which it can be configured by opening the AMC
Control Panel applet from the Windows Control Panel. Alternatively, right-click the video image in Internet
Explorer.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Other methods of accessing the video stream
Video/images from the AXIS 214 PTZ can also be accessed in the following ways:
• If supported by the client, the AXIS 214 PTZ can use Motion JPEG server push to display video.
This option maintains an open HTTP connection to the browser and sends data as and when
required, for as long as required.
• As single JPEG images in a browser.
Enter e.g. the path: http://<IP address>/axis-cgi/jpg/image.cgi?resolution=CIF
• Windows Media Player. This requires AMC and the MPEG-4 decoder to be installed. The paths that
can be used are listed below, in the order of preference.
•Unicast via RTP: axrtpu://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
•Unicast via RTSP:axrtsp://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
•Unicast via RTSP, tunneled via HTTP:
axrtsphttp://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
•Unicast via RTSP, tunneled via HTTPS:
axrtsphttps://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
•Multicast: axrtpm://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
Other MPEG-4 clients
Although it may be possible to use other clients to view the MPEG-4 stream, this is not guaranteed by Axis.
For some other clients, e.g. QuickTime™ the Video Object Type must be set to Simple. It may also be
necessary to adjust the advanced MPEG-4 settings. To assess the video stream from e.g. QuickTime™ the
following path can be used:
rtsp://<ip address>/mpeg4/media.amp
This path is for all supported methods, and the client will negotiate with the AXIS 214 PTZ to determine
exactly which transport protocol to use.
Audio transmission methods
The audio stream can be accessed in the Live View page when viewing either Motion JPEG or MPEG.
Using Motion JPEG
The basic transmission method of audio used in conjunction with Motion JPEG video streaming is
transmission over HTTP. The video and audio streams are not synchronized when using Motion JPEG so the
streams may be slightly out of sync. The latency in any stream should be low, but this will depend on the
network infrastructure.
Using MPEG-4
When using MPEG-4, audio is streamed using the same protocol as the video stream.
When audio is transmitted using MPEG-4, the Axis product sends synchronization information along with
the streams to the client performing the synchronization.
Audio is streamed from the client to the server over HTTP when using both Motion JPEG and MPEG-4.
Accessing the Audio Streams
In addition to accessing audio in the Live View page using AMC, audio from the camera can also be
accessed in the following ways:
• HTTP-API - Read about accessing audio for the other protocols through the HTTP-API at
http://www.axis.com/techsup
• QuickTime/Windows Media Player - these can be used to listen to the audio stream using the same
methods as for accessing video streams.
13
AXIS 214 PTZ
The Setup Tools
The AXIS 214 PTZ is configured from the setup tools, which are available from the link in the web interface.
The setup tools can be used by:
• administrators, who have unrestricted access to all the Setup tools
• operators, who have access to the Video & Image, Live View Config and Event Configuration settings
See the section on Security - Users, on page 29 for more information on user access control.
Accessing the setup tools from a browser
Follow the instructions below:
1. Start the browser and enter the IP address or host name of
the AXIS 214 PTZ in the location/address field.
2. The Live View page is now displayed. Click Setup to
display the Setup tools.
Setup tools
The descriptions on the following pages offer examples of the available features in the AXIS 214 PTZ. For
full details of each setting, please refer to the online help files which are available from each page.
Click
to access the help files.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Video & Image settings
Image
Image Appearance
Adjust these settings to optimize the video images according to your requirements.
All configuration of images and overlays will affect the performance of the camera, depending on usage
and the available bandwidth.
Use these settings to adjust:
•
•
•
•
Image resolution - select the image resolution to show on the Live View page.
Image compression - increase compression to save on bandwidth
Image rotation - rotate the image in steps of 90 degrees
White balance - the white balancing system automatically detects white in the image and intelligently
use this as a reference for other colors.
Please see the online help for more information on these settings.
Note: In certain situations, the white balancing system will not operate effectively. Problems may occur if the image contains no white
color at all, or if the dominant color is not white. In these circumstances, the white balance may incorrectly be based on another
visible color in the image, and colors may become distorted. A pale background picture with reddish or blue foreground objects is
very symptomatic of this condition. In such cases it is recommended that a fixed white balance setting is selected.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Overlay Settings
Text, date & time overlay
Use these settings to include
a) an image as an overlay, and/or
b) the date and time, along with text of your own.
Overlay
image
Text overlays are all included on one line at the
top or bottom of the video image. Image overlays
can be placed anywhere in the video image.
See Overlay Image, on page 16 for instructions on
how to upload an overlay image to the AXIS 214
PTZ.
Video Stream
Define the maximum video stream time per
session in seconds, minutes or hours. When the set
time has expired, a new stream can be started by
refreshing the page in the browser.
Define the maximum frame rate (fps - frames per second) allowed for each viewer, to avoid bandwidth
problems on the network.
Test - For a preview of the image and overlay settings before saving, click Test. The Brightness setting does
not affect the Test image. When satisfied with the settings, click Save. Please note that the preview image
will be in JPEG format, even though the settings are valid both for Motion JPEG and MPEG-4.
Overlay Image
An overlay image is an image included in the video image. Follow these instructions to upload and use an
overlay image:
1. Go to Setup > Video & Image > Overlay Image.
2. To upload the image to the AXIS 214 PTZ, click the Browse button and locate it on your computer or
server.
3. Click the Upload button and follow the on-screen instructions.
4. The image is now available in the Use overlay image drop-down list.
5. Click Save.
6. Go to Setup > Video & Image and modify the parameters under Overlay Settings.
Overlay image requirements:
Image Formats
Image Size
•
Windows 24-bit BMP (full color)
•
Windows 4-bit BMP (16 colors)
The height and width of the overlay image in
pixels must be exactly divisible by 4.
Overlay image requirements:
• The maximum overlay image size supported by the AXIS 214 PTZ is the same as the maximum image
resolution. See Technical Specifications, on page 42.
• When a text overlay is also used, this reduces the amount of space available to the overlay image. To
keep the text readable at lower resolutions, the text overlay occupies proportionally more and more
space, i.e., 16 pixels in height at 640x480, 32 pixels at 320x240 and 64 pixels at 160x120.
• If the overlay is initially positioned so that part of it is outside the video image, it will be relocated so
that it appears over the video image, i.e. it is always the entire image that is displayed.
Please see the online help
for more information.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Advanced Camera Settings
Lighting Conditions
To optimize the lighting settings according to your requirements, modify the following settings:
•
•
•
•
Color setting - select color or B/W.
Brightness - this can be adjusted in the range 0-100.
Sharpness - controls the amount of sharpening applied to the image.
IR cut filter - turns the IR filter on or off. Alternatively, when set to Auto the filter will
automatically be switched off when the light level falls below the minimum requirement.
• Use backlight compensation - this setting is used to make the subject appear clearer against e.g. a
bright background.
Please see the online help for more information on these settings.
Low Light Behavior
Exposure control - this setting is used to adapt to the amount/type of light being used. If set to Manual,
select the desired Shutter speed from the drop-down list.
Image Settings
Auto focus enabled (default setting) - this causes the camera to automatically adjust the focus to produce a
sharp image. Setting the sensitivity to ‘high’ will cause a drop in the frame rate (fps).
MPEG-4
Tools for adjusting the MPEG-4 settings and for controlling the video bit rate.
The MPEG-4 standard provides many different coding tools for various applications in different situations.
As most MPEG-4 clients do not support all of these tools, it is usual to instead define and use subsets for
different clients or groups of clients. These settings allow you to define the type of viewing client to use.
Adjusting the maximum bit rate and setting it to variable or constant is a good way of controlling the
bandwidth used by the MPEG-4 video stream. For more information on these advanced settings, please see
Video and Audio Streams, on page 11, and the online help.
AXIS Media Control
The AXIS Media Control (AMC) is installed automatically the first time the camera is accessed from a
browser. The AMC control panel can be opened by right-clicking on the video image in the Live View web
page. The AMC control panel can be used to configure various video and audio settings, such as
push-to-talk. Please see the readme file included in the tool for more information.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Audio
The AXIS 214 PTZ can transmit audio to other clients, by connecting a microphone, and can play audio
from other clients by attaching a speaker.
This section describes how to configure the basic audio settings for the AXIS 214 PTZ, e.g. set the
communication mode and adjust the sound levels for the microphone and speaker.
Note: The speaker attached to the LINE OUT connector must have a built-in amplifier, which is available in e.g. some brands of PC
speakers.
Basic Audio Settings
Enable Audio
Enables audio transmission to and from the AXIS 214 PTZ. Refer to Connecting audio equipment, on page
38 for more information.
Audio Channels
There are two mono audio channels between the AXIS 214 PTZ and other clients, one for receiving audio
and one for transmitting audio. Each audio channel can be turned on or off, which means that there are
four audio mode options that can be used.
• Full-duplex audio is when you can transmit and receive audio (talk and listen) at the same time,
as when having a telephone conversation. The only controls you may wish to use are the mute
buttons to turn off the sound, and the level sliders for adjusting the input/output volume. This
mode requires the client PC to have a sound card with support for full-duplex audio. If your available bandwidth is 0.2 Mbit/s or less, it is recommended that you use Half-duplex mode instead.
• Half-duplex mode also transmits and receives audio in both directions, but only in one direction
at a time (with the help of the push-to-talk button). To speak, press and hold the button (check that
the microphone is not muted). When finished speaking, release the button to receive audio. The
push-to-talk button is configured from AMC. Half-Duplex mode is best if you only have limited
bandwidth available.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
• In Simplex - AXIS 214 PTZ speaker only mode, the speaker connected to the AXIS 214 PTZ will
play audio, but no audio will be transmitted from the AXIS 214 PTZ to other web clients. This
could be used to e.g. provide spoken instructions to a person viewed in the camera. This mode
requires the use of the push-to-talk button.
• Simplex - AXIS 214 PTZ microphone mode transmits audio only from the microphone connected
to the AXIS 214 PTZ to web clients. It will not receive audio from other web clients. This can be
used in remote monitoring, web attractions etc., to provide live audio, as well as video, of a monitored situation.
When using half-duplex, the Send the sound from the active client to all other clients option transmits
the audio signal from the client that is talking to all the other clients.
Audio Input
Audio from an external microphone or a line source can be connected to the Line/Mic In socket of the AXIS
214 PTZ. The audio source can be set to Microphone or Line. If you are using a microphone, the input
sensitivity can be set to High or Low. See Technical Specifications, on page 42 for the exact maximum
levels.
The Enable microphone power option provides DC power for the external microphone. If you use a small
electret condenser microphone such as a clip-on mic or a PC microphone, this option needs to be enabled.
To use a high impedance dynamic microphone, DC power should not be enabled. Using DC power will not
harm the microphon. The default value is DC power enabled. To use a professional microphone requiring
48V phantom power, you need an external power supply and must use a balanced-unbalanced converter
(audio transformer) in between.
If there are problems with the sound input being too low or high, adjust the input gain for the microphone
attached to the AXIS 214 PTZ.
Audio Output
If the sound from the speaker is too low or high it is possible to adjust the output gain for the active
speaker attached to the AXIS 214 PTZ.
When satisfied with the settings, click Save, or click Reset to revert to the previously saved settings.
Advanced Audio Settings
The Advanced Audio settings allow you to tune the external microphone connected to the AXIS 214 PTZ’s
connection module to suit your environment.
Enable speech filter improves the sound quality when the microphone is placed close to the person talking
and can also help reduce background noise. The filter cuts the lowest and the highest frequencies. The
bypass frequency range is approximately 250Hz to 3700Hz (measured at -10dB cut-off break points).
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Enable echo cancellation reduces acoustic echoing (feedback) if sound from the speaker is captured by the
microphone.
Noise cancellation is a way of reducing the background noise when there is no useful audio present. A
typical application could be that the camera is set up in a noisy environment, and you are only interested in
hearing the sound from the AXIS 214 PTZ when someone is speaking close to the microphone. There are
two adjustable parameters available to optimize this function:
• Noise canceller threshold value
• Noise canceller attenuation
When the incoming sound is louder than the threshold, it will pass without any changes. When lower than
the threshold, the incoming sound will be reduced by a certain attenuation factor. The threshold level
should be set higher than the background noise, but lower than the useful audio.
The noise canceller threshold value can be set to High, Medium High, Medium low and Low. A lower
threshold will allow most of the audio to pass. Only the weakest background noise will be reduced. A higher
threshold will make noise cancellation act on even louder background noise. At the maximum level High,
there is also a risk of reducing useful audio.
There is a trade-off between noise cancellation and sound quality. In other words, increasing the noise
canceller attenuation deteriorates sound quality. Adjust the threshold and the attenuation to an optimum
by listening and changing the levels.
20
AXIS 214 PTZ
Live View Config
Layout
These are the tools for deciding the layout of the Live View
page. The layout can be set in 3 ways:
• Use Axis look - the layout is unchanged.
• Use custom settings - modify the default page with your
own colors, images etc. Click the Configure button and
see the following page.
• Own Home Page - Upload and use your own custom
page as the default web page. Click the Configure button and see the following page.
Use custom settings
To change the background picture, banner, colors,
etc., adjust the settings under Modify the Axis
look.
To use your own file for e.g. a banner, first upload
it (see the next page) or select External and enter
the path to the file.
Upload Own Web Files
Your own web files, background pictures etc., must
first be uploaded to the AXIS 214 PTZ in order to
be available for selection in the Custom Settings
setup dialog. Once uploaded, the files are shown in
the drop-down list.
1. Enter the path to the file, e.g. a file located on your workstation or click the Browse button.
2. Select the user level for the uploaded file. Setting the user access level means that you have
complete control over which pages can be viewed by which users.
3. When the path is shown correctly in the text field, click the Upload button.
All uploaded files are shown in the list in the lower section of the page. To remove a file, check the box
provided next to it and then click the Remove button.
• To use your uploaded file, click the radio button and select the file from the drop-down list by Own:
• To use an external file located somewhere other than in the AXIS 214 PTZ, click the radio button and
enter the URL by External.
Note: Unchecking the box for Show setup link removes the link from the camera’s web pages. The setup tools will then only be accessible by entering the full setup address into the address/URL field of a browser, i.e. http://<ip address>/operator/basic.shtml
21
AXIS 214 PTZ
Own Home Page
To use a previously uploaded web page as the default page,
check the checkbox, select the page from the drop-down
list and click OK.
User Defined Links
Enter a descriptive name and enter the URL in the provided
field. The link will appear on the Live View page.
User defined CGI links can be used to issue HTTP API
requests, e.g. PTZ commands.
Example:
1. Check Show custom link 1.
2. Enter a descriptive name, e.g. CAM START.
3. Select the Use as cgi link radio button and enter the cgi
link in the field:
User-defined links
http://192.168.0.125/axis-cgi/com/ptz.cgi?continuouspantiltmove=-30,-30
4. Check Show custom link 2.
5. Enter a descriptive name, e.g. CAM STOP.
6. Select the Use as cgi link radio button and enter the cgi link in the field:
http://192.168.0.125/axis-cgi/com/ptz.cgi?continuouspantiltmove=0,0
7. These links will appear in the web interface and can be used to control the PTZ camera.
For more information on the Axis HTTP API, see the Support / Developer pages on the Axis Website at
http://www.axis.com
Action Buttons
These buttons can then be used to manually trigger and stop an event from the Live View page. For more
information, see Event servers, on page 25.
The snapshot button allows users to take a snapshot of the video stream and save it on a computer.
Output Buttons
These buttons can then be used to manually start and stop an event from the Live View page, e.g. to switch
a light on/off:
• The Pulse button activates the port for a defined period
• Active/Inactive displays 2 buttons, one for each action (on/off)
Default Video Format
Select the default video format from the drop-down list. Check the box provided to enable video format
selection on the Live View page.
Default Viewer
Select the appropriate viewer to define the preferred method for viewing moving images in your browser.
Viewer Settings
Check the Show viewer toolbar box to show the viewer toolbar under the image on the Live View page.
Uncheck the Enable MPEG-4 decoder installation checkbox disable the installation of the MPEG-4 decoder
included with AMC.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Check the Show crosshair in PTZ joystick mode box to show a red position indicator on the live view page
when joystick navigation mode is selected.
Use PTZ joystick mode as default - Sets the PTZ mode to joystick, which can be changed temporarily on
the PTZ Control Panel, but will default to joystick if this is selected.
Enable recording button - When enabled, clicking this button will start an MPEG-4 recording.
Please see the online help
for further details.
HTML Examples
You can add live video from the AXIS 214 PTZ to your own web site. The camera can transmit a Motion
JPEG or unicast MPEG-4 stream to up to 20 simultaneous connections, although an administrator can
restrict this to fewer. If multicast MPEG-4 is used, the video stream will be available to an unlimited number
of viewers connected to those parts of the network where multicast is enabled. Please note that a separate
MPEG-4 license is required for each viewer.
Enter the Video format, Image type, Image size and other settings to suit your Web page and click Update.
The camera then generates the required source code for your configuration. Copy this code and paste it into
your own Web page code.
Please see the online help
for more information.
External Video
The AXIS 214 PTZ can also display video images from other Axis network cameras and video servers,
directly on the Live View page. These are known as External Video sources. Once configured, these
external video sources are available from the drop-down list on the Live View page.
Click the Add button to open the External Video Source Setup dialog, which is used to make all the
necessary settings. Enter the IP address or host name of the external video source you wish to add.
Depending on the external source, select either MPEG-2, MPEG-4 or Motion JPEG as the type of video
stream to receive.
Sequence Mode
The Live View page can be configured to rotate through selected preset positions and/or external video
sources, in a set order or randomly.
Select the desired preset positions/sources and enter the time to display each one for. Click Save.
The Sequence buttons will appear on the Live View page, allowing the viewer to start and stop
the sequence mode.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
PTZ Configuration
Preset Positions
A preset position is a pre-defined camera view that can quickly and easily be viewed.
From Preset Position Setup, use the Pan, Tilt and Zoom (PTZ) controls to steer the camera to the required
position. When satisfied with the camera's position, enter a descriptive name. This camera position is then
saved as a preset position.
The AXIS 214 PTZ will take the exact position
when the preset's name is selected from the
Preset positions drop-down list. Preset positions
can be selected in Live View, from events and in
Sequence mode.
One position can be set as the Home position,
which is readily accessible by clicking on the
Home button in both the Preset Position Setup
window and the Live View window.
Guard Tour
A guard tour displays different preset positions,
one-by-one, in a pre-determined order or
randomly, and for configurable time periods. Once the preset position has been set, and added to the guard
tour, the following settings can be made:
• View Time in seconds or minutes
• Move Speed - sets the speed of the Pan/Tilt movements to the preset position
• View Order (or Random)
Advanced - Limits
Define the pan, tilt and zoom limits for the AXIS 214 PTZ. Movements to the left and right, up and down
can be restricted to narrow the area under surveillance. See the online help for further information.
Advanced - Ctrl Panel
This allows you to add a shortcut command button to the control panel. This requires you to provide the
URL (path) to an auxiliary command provided by the PTZ driver, or to some other command accessed via
the HTTP API. See the online help for more information.
Advanced - Calibration
The area zoom functionality available on the Live View page can be calibrated from here.
Control Queue
PTZ Control Queue - The administrator can set up a queue for the PTZ controls. Once set up, the PTZ
Control Queue buttons will appear on the Live View page offering one viewer exclusive control for a limited
amount of time. Other users will be placed in the queue.
Please see the online help
for more information.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Event configuration
This section describes how to configure the AXIS 214 PTZ for alarm and handling. The AXIS 214 PTZ can
be configured to perform certain actions when certain types of events occur.
Terminology
• Event Type - A set of parameters describing how and when the AXIS 214 PTZ should perform certain actions. An event type may result in a single event, or it may result in many, all depending on
how often the conditions governing its behavior are met.
• Triggered Event Type - An event that is activated by a specific internal or external trigger condition. For example by motion detection or by an external device such as a door switch or a sensor.
• Scheduled Event Type - An event that runs at a pre-programmed time.
• Action - What occurs when the event triggers, e.g. the upload of video images to an FTP server,
email notification, etc.
Event servers
Event servers are used to e.g. receive uploaded image files and/or notification messages. To set up event
server connections in your AXIS 214 PTZ, go to Setup > Event Configuration > Event Servers, and enter
the required information for the selected server type.
Server type
Purpose
Required information
FTP server
• Upload of saved images
•
•
•
•
•
•
IP address/hostname
Descriptive name of your choice
User name and password (to FTP server)
Upload path e.g. images/
Port number
Use passive mode if there is a firewall between the camera and the FTP server
HTTP server
• Notification messages
• Upload of saved images
•
•
•
•
•
Descriptive name of your choice
URL
User name and password (to HTTP server)
Proxy address/proxy port
Proxy user name and password
TCP server
Notification messages
• IP address/hostname
• Descriptive name of your choice
• Port number
For details on each setting, please refer to the online help
available from each web page.
Note: Pre-trigger and post-trigger buffers will be lost if the connection to the event server fails.
When the setup is complete, the connection can be tested by clicking the Test button (the connection test
will take approximately 10 seconds).
25
AXIS 214 PTZ
Event types
An event type is a set of parameters describing how and when the AXIS 214 PTZ is to perform certain
actions.
Example: If someone passes a connected sensor and an event type has been configured to act on this, the
camera can e.g. record and save images to an FTP server, and/or send a notification email to a pre-configured email address
with a pre-configured message. Images can be sent as email attachments.
Triggered events
A triggered event is activated by e.g:
•
•
•
•
a switch connected to an input port on the AXIS 214 PTZ
a manual trigger, e.g. from an action button in the web interface
on restart (reboot) after e.g. power loss
an audio alarm.
How to set up a triggered event
This example describes how to set the AXIS 214 PTZ to upload images when the main door is opened:
1. Click Add triggered on the Event types page.
2. Enter a descriptive name for the event, e.g. Main door.
3. Set the Priority - High, Normal or Low (see online help files).
4. Set the Respond to Trigger... parameters when the event is to be active, e.g. only after office hours.
5. Select the trigger alternative from the Triggered by... drop-down list, e.g. an Input port with a
connected sensor if the door is opened.
6. Set the When Triggered... parameters, i.e. set the actions that the AXIS 214 PTZ will take if the main
door is opened, e.g. upload images to an FTP server.
7. Click OK to save the event in the Event Types list.
Please see the online help
for descriptions of each available option.
Pre-trigger and post-trigger buffers
This function is very useful when checking to see what happened immediately before and after a trigger,
e.g. 2 minutes before and after a door has been opened. Check the Upload images checkbox under Event
Types > Add triggered... > When Triggered... to expand the web page with the available options.
Note: Buffer size - up to 9 MB buffer. The maximum length of time of the pre-/post-buffer depends on the image size and selected
frame rate.
Include pre-trigger buffer - images stored internally in the server from the time immediately preceding the
trigger. Check the box to enable the pre-trigger buffer, enter the desired length of time and specify the
required image frequency.
26
AXIS 214 PTZ
Include post-trigger buffer - contains images from the time immediately after the trigger. Configure as for
pre-trigger.
Note: If the pre- or post-buffer is too large for the internal memory, the frame rate will be reduced and individual images may be missing. If this occurs, an entry will be created in the unit's log file.
Continue image upload (unbuffered) - enable the upload of images for a fixed length of time. Specify the
length of time for the uploaded recording, in seconds, minutes or hours, or for as long as the trigger is
active. Finally, set the desired image frequency to the maximum (the maximum available) or to a specified
frame rate. The frame rate will be the best possible, but might not be as high as specified, especially if
uploading via a slow connection.
Scheduled events
A Scheduled event can be activated at preset times, in a repeating pattern on selected weekdays.
How to set up a scheduled event
This example describes how to set the AXIS 214 PTZ to send an email notification with saved images from
a set time:
1. Click Add scheduled on the Event types page.
2. Enter a descriptive name for the event, e.g. Scheduled email.
3. Set the Priority (High, Normal or Low).
4. Set the Activation Time parameters (24h clock) when the event is to be active, e.g. start on Fridays at
18.00 with a duration of 62 hours.
5. Set the When Activated... parameters i.e. set what the AXIS 214 PTZ is to do at the specified time e.g.
send uploaded images to an email address.
6. Click OK to save the event in the Event Types list.
Please see the online help
for descriptions of each available option.
Motion Detection
The AXIS 214 PTZ can be configured for motion detection. This feature is used to generate an alarm
whenever movement starts (or stops) in the image. The AXIS 214 PTZ can use a maximum of 10
Include/Exclude windows.
• Include windows target specific areas within the image
• Exclude windows are areas to be ignored within the Include window
Once configured, the motion detection windows will appear in a list when motion detection is set to trigger
an event. See How to set up a triggered event above.
Notes:
•
•
Using the motion detection feature may decrease overall performance in the camera.
Motion detection will not function while the lens is moving (i.e. pan, tilt, zoom)
Configuring Motion Detection
With reference to the motion detection parameters in the table below, follow these instructions to create a
motion detection window.
1. a) For AMC: Check the radio button Configure Include Windows to set the type of window. Click
the New button. A new window called DefaultWindow appears over the image. Select the name in
the list of windows and rename the window.
b) For the Java applet: Click the Add Window button. Check the radio button Include or Exclude
to define the type of window. Select the tab for the window and rename the window.
2. To move the window to the area to monitor, click on the text at the top of the window and drag it
to the desired location. The window can be re-sized by dragging the bottom-right corner.
27
AXIS 214 PTZ
3. Set the Object Size, History, and Sensitivity profile sliders for the window (only applies to Include
windows). A full description of each profile slider is provided below.
4. To test the motion detection window, select it and then create some physical disturbance within
the window area. Any detected motion is then indicated by colored peaks in the Activity Indicator.
An alarm is only generated if the motion exceeds the tolerance defined by the black delimiter line
and the peak turns red.
5. For the Java applet: Click the Save button to save the new window.
If there are parts of the Include window that you wish to exclude, create an
Exclude Window. An Exclude window is named, sized and moved in the
same way as an Include window, but no other configuration is necessary.
Motion Detection Parameters
The parameters available for motion detection are described briefly here. Please see the online help for
complete descriptions.
Parameter
Size
History
Sensitivity
High
Only very large objects
An object that appears in the
trigger motion detection region will trigger the motion
detection for a long period
Low
Only very bright objects against a dark
Even very small objects An object that appears in the
trigger motion detection region will trigger motion detection background will trigger motion detecfor only a very short period
tion
Default values
Low
Medium to High
Ordinary colored objects against ordinary backgrounds will trigger the
motion detection
Medium to High
Examples:
•
•
•
Avoid triggering on small objects in the image by selecting a high size level.
To trigger motion detection as long as there is activity in the area, select a high history level.
To only detect flashing light, low sensitivity can be selected. In other cases, a high sensitivity level is recommended.
Port Status
Under Event Configuration > Port Status there is a list that shows the status for the connected inputs and
outputs of the AXIS 214 PTZ for the benefit of the Operator who cannot access the System Options section.
Example: If the Normal state for a push button connected to an input is set to Inactive - as long as the button is not pushed, the state
will be inactive. If the button is pushed, the state of the input changes to active.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
System Options
Security - Users
User access control is enabled by default, when the administrator sets the root password on the first access.
Other users are authorized with user names and passwords, or the administrator can choose to allow
anonymous viewer login to the Live View page, as described below.
Users - the user list displays the authorized users and access levels:
• Viewer - the lowest level of access, which only allows the user access to the Live View page.
• Operator - an Operator can view the Live View page, create and modify event types and adjust certain other settings. The Operator does not have access to the Systems Options configuration pages.
• Administrator - an administrator has unrestricted access to the Setup Tools and can determine the
registration of all other users.
To add a new user, click the Add... button and see the online help.
User Settings - check the corresponding checkboxes to enable:
• Enable anonymous viewer login - allows any viewer direct access to the Live View page.
• Maximum number of simultaneous viewers - enter a value here to restrict the number of unicast
viewers accessing the unit. This is useful if you need to save on bandwidth. (Note that all multicast
viewers count as 1 viewer.)
• Enable anonymous PTZ control login - allows any viewer access to the Pan/Tilt/Zoom controls on
the Live View page.
Security - IP Address Filter
The administrator can add up to 256 IP address ranges or single IP addresses to the Filtered IP Addresses
list. If IP address filtering is enabled, the AXIS 214 PTZ will allow or deny requests coming from the IP
addresses in the list.
See the online help files
for information on how to add IP address ranges.
The IP addresses for the users added to this list need to be specified in the user list, with the appropriate
access rights (User, Operator or Administrator).
Referrals - to prevent unauthorized sources from including the video stream from the AXIS 214 PTZ into
external Web pages, check the Referrals checkbox and enter the IP address or Host name of the computer
that hosts the Web pages with the included video stream. Several IP addresses/host names can be defined
and are separated by semicolons(;)
Security - HTTPS
For greater security, the AXIS 214 PTZ can be configured to use HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol over
SSL (Secure Socket Layer)). This means that all communication that would otherwise go via HTTP will
instead go via an encrypted HTTPS connection.
To use HTTPS for communication with the AXIS 214 PTZ, a Certificate must be created using one of these
methods:
• A self-signed certificate can be created in the camera, but this does not guarantee the same level of security as an official certificate.
• An official certificate issued by a CA (Certificate Authority). A CA issues and manages security credentials and public keys for message encryption.
1. Click either Create self-signed certificate or Create Certificate Request and enter the required
information in the provided fields.
2. Click OK.
29
AXIS 214 PTZ
3. Create self-signed certificate generates and installs a certificate which will be displayed under
Installed Certificate.
Create Certificate Request generates a PEM formatted request which you copy and send to a CA
for signing. When the signed certificate is returned, click Install signed certificate... to install the
certificate in the AXIS 214 PTZ.
4. Set the HTTPS Connection Policy for the administrator, Operator and Viewer to enable HTTPS
connection (set to HTTP by default).
Please refer to the home page of your preferred CA for information on where to send the request etc. For
more information, please see the online help.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Security - 802.1x
IEEE 802.1x is an IEEE standard for port-based Network Admission Control. It provides authentication to
devices attached to a network port (wired or wireless), establishing a point-to-point connection, or, if
authentication fails, preventing access on that port. 802.1x is based on EAP (Extensible Authentication
Protocol).
In a 802.1x enabled network switch, clients equipped with the correct software can be authenticated and
allowed or denied network access at the Ethernet level.
Clients and servers in an 802.1x network may need to authenticate each other by some means. In the Axis
implementation this is done with the help of digital certificates provided by a Certification Authority.
These are then validated by a third-party entity, such as a RADIUS server, examples of which are Free
Radius and Microsoft Internet Authentication Service.
To perform the authentication, the RADIUS server uses various EAP methods/protocols, of which there are
many. The one used in the Axis implementation is EAP-TLS (EAP-Transport Layer Security).
The AXIS network video device presents its certificate to the network switch, which in turn forwards this to
the RADIUS server. The RADIUS server validates or rejects the certificate and responds to the switch, and
sends its own certificate to the client for validation. The switch then allows or denies network access
accordingly, on a preconfigured port.
The authentication process
Axis video device
3
Certificate
Q: Certificate OK?
A: OK
2
Network
switch
Q: Certificate OK?
A: OK
4
RADIUS
server
1
Certificate
Authority (CA)
Certificate
Protected network
1. A CA server provides the required signed certificates.
2. The Axis video device requests access to the protected network at the network switch.
The switch forwards the video device’s CA certificate to the RADIUS server, which then
replies to the switch.
3. The switch forwards the RADIUS server’s CA certificate to the video device, which
also replies to the switch.
4. The switch keeps track of all responses to the validation requests. If all certificates are
validated, the Axis video device is allowed access to the protected network via a
preconfigured port.
RADIUS
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service) is an AAA (Authentication, Authorization and
Accounting) protocol for applications such as network access or IP mobility. It is intended to work in both
local and roaming situations.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
CA servers
In cryptography, a Certification Authority (CA) is an entity that provides signed digital certificates for use
by other parties, and thus acts a trusted third party.
There are many commercial CA’s that charge for their services. Institutions and governments may have
their own CA, and there are free CA’s available.
Date & Time
Current Server Time - displays the current date and time (24h clock). The time can be displayed in 12h
clock format in the Overlay Images (see below).
New Server Time - Select your time zone from the drop-down list. If you want the server clock to
automatically adjust for daylight savings time, select Automatically adjust for daylight saving time
changes.
From the Time Mode section, select the preferred method to use for setting the time:
• Synchronize with computer time - sets the time from the clock on your computer.
• Synchronize with NTP Server - the camera will obtain the time from an NTP server every 60
minutes. The NTP server's IP address or host name must be specified in the TCP/IP Advanced
Settings - see page 33.
• Set manually - this option allows you to manually set the time and date.
Note: When using a host name for the NTP server, a DNS server must be configured under TCP/IP settings. See Network > TCP/IP
below.
Date & Time Format Used in Images - specify the formats for the date and time (12h or 24h) displayed in
the Live View video streams.
Use the predefined formats or use your own custom date and time formats. See Advanced File Naming &
Date/Time Formats in the help files
for information on how to create your own file formats.
Network - Basic TCP/IP Settings
IP Address Configuration
Your Axis network camera supports both IP version 4 and IP version 6. Both versions may be enabled
simultaneously, and at least one version must always be enabled.
When using IPv4, the IP address can be set automatically via DHCP, or a static IP address can be set
manually.
If IPv6 is enabled, your camera will receive an IP address according to the configuration in the network
router.
There are also options for setting up notification of changes in the IP address, and for using the AXIS
Internet Dynamic DNS Service. For more information on setting the IP address, please see the online help.
Notes: • To receive notification whenever the camera’s IP address changes (via e.g. DHCP), configure the options for notification of IP
address change. See Services below.
• Alternatively, if your DHCP server can update a DNS server, you can access the AXIS 214 PTZ by host name which is always the
same, regardless of the IP address.
Services
Enable ARP/Ping setting of IP address - The IP address can be set using the ARP/Ping method, which
associates the unit's MAC address with an IP address. Check this box to enable the service. Leave disabled to
prevent unintentional resetting of the IP address.
Notes: • The ARP/Ping service is automatically disabled 2 minutes after the unit is started, or as soon as an IP address is set.
• Pinging the unit will still be possible when this service is disabled.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Options for notification of IP address change - Automatic IP address assignment via DHCP may lead to the
situation where the IP address changes and you lose contact with the camera. To configure notification of
changes in the IP address, click Settings... and enter the required information.
AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service - If the AXIS 214 PTZ has been registered with the Axis Internet
Dynamic DNS service and the IP address for the product changes, the service is updated to reflect the
change. Check the box to enable/disable automatic updates.
The domain name currently registered at the Axis Internet Dynamic DNS service for your product can be
removed at any time. To do this, click Settings... and follow the instructions.
For more information, please refer to the online help.
Network - Advanced TCP/IP Settings
DNS Configuration
DNS (Domain Name Service) provides the translation of host names to IP addresses on your network.
Obtain DNS server address via DHCP - automatically use the DNS server settings provided by the DHCP
server. Click the View button to see the current settings.
Use the following DNS server address - enter the desired DNS server by specifying the following:
• Domain name - enter the domain(s) to search for the host name used by the AXIS 214 PTZ. Multiple
domains can be separated by semicolons (;). The host name is always the first part of a Fully Qualified
Domain Name, e.g. myserver is the host name in the Fully Qualified Domain Name myserver.mycompany.com
where mycompany.com is the Domain name.
• Primary DNS server - enter the IP address of the primary DNS server.
• Secondary DNS server - will be used if the primary DNS server is unavailable.
NTP Configuration
The AXIS 214 PTZ can obtain the correct time from an NTP server. The address for the NTP server can
either be obtained via the DHCP server, or it can be entered manually.
Host Name Configuration
The AXIS 214 PTZ can be accessed using a host name, instead of an IP address. The host name is usually
the same as the assigned DNS Name. It is always the first part of a Fully Qualified Domain Name and is
always one word, with no period. For example, myserver is the host name in the Fully Qualified Domain
Name myserver.mycompany.com.
Enabling dynamic DNS updates allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static host name, allowing
your computer to be more easily accessed from various locations on the Internet. Outside users can always
access your server using the associated DNS name regardless of the WAN IP. The DNS server used by the
user and/or the DNS server responsible for the domain in use must support RFC2136 and allow updates
from the camera.
The TTL (Time To Live) value determines how long (in seconds) the reply from the DNS server should be
remembered when checking that the domain name for the registered IP address is still valid.
Link-Local IPv4 Address
Link-Local Address is enabled by default and assigns the AXIS 214 PTZ with an additional IP address for
the UPnP protocol. The AXIS 214 PTZ can have both a Link-Local IP and a static/DHCP IP address at the
same time - these will not affect each other. See Network - UPnP™, on page 35.
HTTP
The default HTTP port number (80) can be changed to any port within the range 1024-65535. This is useful
for e.g. simple security port mapping.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
HTTPS
The default HTTPS port number (443) can be changed to any port within the range 1024-65535. HTTPS is
used to provide encrypted web browsing.
NAT Traversal (port mapping)
A broadband router allows devices on a private network (LAN) to share a single connection to the Internet.
This is done by forwarding network traffic from the private network to the “outside” i.e. the Internet.
Security on the private network (LAN) is increased since most broadband routers are pre-configured to stop
any attempts to access the private network (LAN) from the public network/Internet.
Use NAT traversal when your AXIS 214 PTZ is located on an intranet (LAN) and you wish to make it
available from the other (WAN) side of a NAT router. With NAT traversal properly configured, all HTTP
traffic to an external HTTP port in the NAT router will be forwarded to the camera.
Notes: • For NAT traversal to work, this must also be supported by the broadband router.
• The broadband router has many different names: “NAT router”, “Network router“, Internet Gateway”, “Broadband sharing device”
or “Home firewall” but the essential purpose of the device is the same.
Enable/Disable - When enabled, the AXIS 214 PTZ will attempt to configure port mapping in a NAT router
on your network, using UPnP™. Note that UPnP™ must be enabled in the camera (see System Options >
Network > UPnP).
Use manually selected NAT router - Select this option to manually select a NAT router and enter the IP
address for the router in the field provided.
If a router is not manually specified, the AXIS 214 PTZ will automatically search for NAT routers on your
network. If more than one router is found, the default router will be selected.
Alternative HTTP port - Select this option to manually define an external HTTP port. Enter the port number
in the field provided. If no port number is entered here, a number will automatically be selected when NAT
traversal is enabled.
Notes: • An alternative HTTP port number can be used/be active even if NAT traversal is disabled. This is useful if e.g. your NAT router does
not support UPnP and you need to manually configure port forwarding in the NAT router.
• If you attempt to manually enter a port number that is already in use, another available port number will automatically be
selected.
• When the port number is selected automatically it will be displayed in this field. This can be changed by entering a new port
number and clicking Save.
FTP
The FTP server running in the AXIS 214 PTZ enables the upload of e.g. new firmware, user applications, etc.
Check the box to enable the service.
RTSP
The RTSP protocol allows a connecting client to start an MPEG-4 stream. Enter the RTSP port number to
use. The default setting is 554.
Network Traffic
The default connection setting is Auto-negotiate, which means that the correct speed is automatically
selected. If necessary, you can set the connection speed by selecting it from the drop-down list. 10BaseT
(Half/Full Duplex), 100BaseTX (Half/Full Duplex).
Maximum bandwidth - Specify, in Mbit/s or Kbit/s, the maximum bandwidth that the AXIS 214 PTZ is
allowed to use on your network. This is a useful function when connecting the AXIS 214 PTZ to busy or
heavily loaded networks. The default setting is Unlimited. For more information, please refer to the online
help.
34
AXIS 214 PTZ
Network - SOCKS
SOCKS is a networking proxy protocol. The AXIS 214 PTZ can be configured to use a SOCKS server to reach
networks on the other side of a firewall/proxy server. This functionality is useful if the AXIS 214 PTZ is
located on a local network behind a firewall, but notifications, uploads, alarms, etc., need to be sent to a
destination outside the local network (e.g. to the Internet).
Network - QoS (Quality of service)
Quality of Service (QoS) provides the means to guarantee a certain level of a specified resource to selected
traffic on a network. Quality can be defined as e.g. a maintained level of bandwidth, low latency, no packet
losses, etc. The main benefits of a QoS-aware network can be summarized as:
• the ability to prioritize traffic and thus allow critical flows to be served before flows with lesser
priority.
• greater reliability in the network, thanks to the control of the amount of bandwidth an application
may use, and thus control over bandwidth races between applications.
The QoS in Axis network video products marks the data packets for various types of network traffic
originating from the product. This makes it possible for network routers and switches to e.g. reserve a fixed
amount of bandwidth for these types of traffic. The following types of traffic are marked:
•
•
•
•
live video
live audio
event/alarm traffic
management network traffic.
QoS Settings
For each type of network traffic supported by your Axis network video product, enter a DSCP
(Differentiated Services Codepoint) value. This value is used to mark the traffic’s IP header. When the
marked traffic reaches a network router or switch, the DSCP value in the IP header tells the router or switch
which type of treatment to apply to this type of traffic, for example, how much bandwidth to reserve for it.
Note that DSCP values can be entered in decimal or hexadecimal form, but saved values are always shown
in decimal.
For more infomation on Quality of Service, please see the Axis support web at www.axis.com/techsup
Network - SMTP (email)
Enter the host names or addresses for your primary and secondary mail servers in the fields provided to
enable event and error email messages from the AXIS 214 PTZ to predefined addresses via SMTP (Simple
Mail Transfer Protocol).
Network - SNMP
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) allows the remote management of network devices. The
AXIS 214 PTZ can be configured to support SNMP. See the online help.
Network - UPnP™
The AXIS 214 PTZ includes support for UPnP™ in Windows Me and Windows XP. Enabled by default.
Note: UPnP™ must be installed on your workstation. To do this, open the Control Panel from the Start Menu and select Add/Remove
Programs. Select Add/Remove Windows Components and open the Networking Services section. Click Details and then select
UPnP as the service to add.
Network - RTP / MPEG-4
These settings are for the IP addresses, port numbers, and Time-To-Live values to use for media streams in
the MPEG-4 format. Only certain IP addresses and port numbers should be used for these streams. For more
information, please see the online help.
35
AXIS 214 PTZ
Network - Bonjour
Your Axis network camera includes support for Bonjour. When enabled, the camera is automatically
detected by operating systems and clients that support this protocol.
Ports & Devices - I/O Ports
The pinout, interface support and the control and monitoring functions are described in the section
Connections, on page 38.
Maintenance
• Restart - The unit is restarted without changing any of the settings. Use this method if the unit is not
behaving as expected.
• Restore - The unit is restarted and most current settings are reset to factory default values. The settings
that will not be reset are as follows:
• the boot protocol (DHCP or static)
• the static IP address
• the default router
• the subnet mask
• the system time.
• Default - The Factory default button should be used with caution. Pressing this button will reset all of
the AXIS 214 PTZ's settings to the factory default values (including the IP address).
Upgrade Server - See Updating the Firmware, on page 39.
Backup - click the Backup button to take a backup of all of the parameters, and any user-defined scripts. If
necessary, it is then possible to return to the previous settings if the settings are changed and there is
unexpected behavior.
Note: The root password will also be reset to the password saved in the backup file.
Restore - click the Browse button to locate the saved backup file (see above) and then click the Restore
button. The settings will be restored to the previous configuration.
Note: Backup and Restore can only be used on the same unit running the same firmware. This feature is not intended for multi-unit
configuration or for firmware upgrades.
Support
• Support overview - This page provides information on troubleshooting and contact information, should
you require technical assistance.
• System Overview - This page provides an overview of the camera’s settings and the most recent log
entries with links to the corresponding pages.
• Logs & Reports - The various logs and the Parameter List provide valuable information for troubleshooting and when contacting the Axis support service. Please be sure to always provide a Server
Report with your support query.
• Configuration - Select the required log level to save.
•
•
Log Level for Log Files - from the drop-down list, select the level of information to be added to the log file.
Log Level for Email - from the drop-down list, select the level of information to send as email and enter the destination email
address.
36
AXIS 214 PTZ
Advanced
Scripting - this is a powerful and advanced function that enables the use of custom scripts.
Caution!
Improper use may cause unexpected behavior or even cause loss of contact with the unit. If a script
does cause problems, reset the unit to its factory default settings. A backup file may be of use to
return the unit to its latest configuration.
Axis strongly recommends that you do not use this function unless you fully understand the
consequences. Axis support does not provide assistance for problems with customized scripts.
For more information, please visit the Developer pages at www.axis.com/developer
Plain Config - this function is for the advanced user with experience of Axis network camera configuration.
All parameters can be set and modified from this page. Help is available from the standard help pages.
Resetting to the factory default settings
To reset the AXIS 214 PTZ to the original default settings, go to the System Options > Maintenance web
page (described in Maintenance, on page 36) or use the Control button on the rear panel of the AXIS 214
PTZ, as described below:
Using the Control Button
Follow the instructions below to reset the AXIS 214 PTZ to the factory default settings using the Control
Button.
1. Switch off the AXIS 214 PTZ by disconnecting the external power supply.
2. Using a suitably pointed object, press and hold the Control button while reconnecting the power
connector.
3. Keep the Control button pressed for approximately 15 seconds.
4. Release the Control button.
Note: Resetting to the factory default settings using the Control Button will cause all parameters (including the IP address) to be reset.
Refer to Maintenance, on page 36 for other methods that do not reset the IP address.
37
AXIS 214 PTZ
Connections
I/O inputs and outputs
The 4-pin I/O terminal connector provides the interface to:
• 1 transistor output
• 1 digital input
• auxiliary power and ground
The I/O terminal connector is used in applications for e.g. motion detection, event triggering, time lapse
recording, alarm notification via email, image storage to FTP locations, etc.
• Input - for connecting e.g. a push button. If the push button is pressed, the state changes and the
input becomes active (shown under Event Configuration > Port Status).
• Output - connects e.g. an alarm device that can be activated by Output buttons on the Live View
page, or by an Event Type. The output will show as active (Event Configuration > Port Status) if
the alarm device is activated.
Function
Pin no.
Description
Pinouts
Transistor Output
Pin 4
With a maximum load of 100mA and a maximum voltage of 24V DC, this output has an open-collector NPN transistor with the emitter connected to the
GND pin. If used with an external relay, a diode must be connected in parallel
with the load, for protection against voltage transients.
The I/O terminal pins on the
cameras are numbered left to
right, as shown here.
Digital Input
Pin 3
Connect to GND to activate, or leave floating (or unconnected) to deactivate.
GND
Pin 2
Ground
Auxiliary DC Power
Input
(12VDC min 12W)
Pin 1
Connected electrically in parallel with the power adapter, this pin provides an
auxiliary connector for mains power to the unit. It can also be used to power
auxiliary equipment, max 50mA.
1 2 3 4
Schematic connection diagram
3.3V
Linear
Power
Supply
Fuse 500mA
+
o
Power
o
z
1
o
GND 2 o
3o
4
o
e.g. pushbutton
Relay
z
o
o
o
Device
oo
z
AXIS 214 PTZ
Connecting audio equipment
1. Connect a microphone (not supplied) to the LINE/MIC IN socket.
2. Connect a loudspeaker (not supplied) to the LINE OUT socket (amplified speakers only).
38
AXIS 214 PTZ
Troubleshooting
Checking the Firmware
Firmware is software that determines the functionality of the AXIS 214 PTZ. When the firmware is
upgraded, your Axis product receives the latest available functionality.
One of your first actions when troubleshooting a problem should be to check the currently installed
firmware version. The latest version may contain a correction that fixes your particular problem. The
current firmware version in your AXIS 214 PTZ is available under Setup > Basic Configuration.
Updating the Firmware
New firmware can be downloaded to the cameras over the network. Always read the upgrade instructions
available with each new release, before updating the firmware.
1. Save the firmware file to your computer. The latest version is available free of charge from the Axis
Website at http://www.axis.com/techsup or from your local distributor.
2. Go to Setup > System Options > Maintenance in the AXIS 214 PTZ Web pages.
3. In the Upgrade Server section and browse to the firmware file on your computer. Click Upgrade.
4. Wait at least 20 minutes before restarting the AXIS 214 PTZ after upgrading.
Notes: • Pre-configured and customized settings will be retained for use when the new firmware is running (providing that the features
are available in the new firmware) although this is not guaranteed by Axis Communications.
• After starting the process, you should always wait at least 20 minutes before restarting the AXIS 214 PTZ, even if you suspect the
procedure has failed.
• Your dealer reserves the right to charge for any repair attributable to faulty updating by the user.
Support
If you contact the Axis support desk, please help us resolve your problems by providing a server report, a
log file and a brief description of the problem.
Server Report - go to Setup > System Options > Support Overview. The server report contains important
information about the server and its software, as well as a list of the current parameters.
Log file - go to Setup > System Options > Logs & Reports. The Log file records events within the unit
since the last restart of the system and can prove a useful diagnostic tool for troubleshooting.
39
AXIS 214 PTZ
Symptoms, Possible Causes and Remedial Actions
Problems setting the IP address
Using ARP and Ping
The IP address must be set within two minutes after the power has been applied to the AXIS 214 PTZ. Restart the
server and try again. Also, make sure the ping length is set to 408.
The AXIS 214 PTZ is located on a dif- If the IP address intended for the AXIS 214 PTZ and the IP address of your computer are located on different subnets, you will not be able to set the IP address. Contact your network administrator for an IP address on the same
ferent subnet
subnet as the computer you are performing the installation from.
The IP address is being used by
another device
Disconnect power from the AXIS 214 PTZ.
Run the command (in a Command/DOS window, type ping and the IP address of the unit).
If you receive: Reply from <IP address>: bytes = 32; time = 10 ms..... - this means that the IP address may
already be in use by another device on your network. You must obtain a new IP address and reinstall the unit.
If you receive: Request timed out - this means that the IP address is available for use with your AXIS 214 PTZ. In
this case, check all cabling and reinstall the unit.
The AXIS 214 PTZ cannot be accessed from a browser
The IP address has been changed by
DHCP
1) Move the AXIS 214 PTZ to an isolated network or to one with no DHCP or BOOTP server. Set the IP address
again, using the ARP command.
2) Access the unit and disable BOOTP and DHCP in the TCP/IP settings. Return the unit to the main network. The
unit now has a fixed IP address that will not change.
3) As an alternative to 2), if a dynamic IP address via DHCP or BOOTP is required, select the required service and
then configure IP address change notification from the network settings. Return the unit to the main network. The
unit will now have a dynamic IP address, but will notify you if the address changes.
Other networking problems
Test the network cable by connecting it to another network device. Then ping that device from your workstation.
Cannot send notifications, uploads, alarms, etc, to a destination outside the local network
Firewall protection
The AXIS 214 PTZ can be configured to use a SOCKS server to reach networks on the other side of a firewall/proxy
server.
Your AXIS 214 PTZ is accessible locally, but not externally
Firewall protection
Check the Internet firewall with your system administrator.
Default routers required
Check if you need to configure the default router settings.
A firmware upgrade has been interrupted or the firmware has in some
other way been damaged
A rescue firmware is running in the product. First, set the IP address using AXIS IP utility or ARP and Ping.
Then, from a Web browser, access the unit and download the latest firmware to the product, see Updating the
Firmware, on page 39.
Problems with the MPEG-4 format
No MPEG-4 displayed in the
client.
Check that the correct network interface is selected in the AMC control panel applet (network tab).
No multicast MPEG-4 displayed in
the client
Check with your network administrator that the multicast addresses used by the
AXIS 214 PTZ are valid for your network.
Check that the relevant MPEG-4 connection methods are enabled in the AMC control panel applet (network tab).
In the AMC control applet, select the MPEG-4 tab and click the button Set to default MPEG-4 decoder.
Check with your network administrator to see if there is a firewall preventing viewing.
Multicast MPEG-4 only accessible by Check if your router supports multicasting, or if the router settings between the client and the server need to be
configured. The TTL (Time To Live) value may need to be increased.
local clients
Poor rendering of MPEG-4 images
Color depth set incorrectly on clients. Set to 16-bit or 32-bit color.
If text overlays are blurred, or if there are other rendering problems, you may need to enable Advanced Video Rendering from the MPEG-4 tab in the AMC control panel applet.
Ensure that your graphics card is using the latest device driver. The latest drivers can usually be downloaded from
the manufacturer's website.
Color saturation is different in
MPEG-4 and Motion JPEG
Modify the settings for your graphics adapter. Please see the adapter's documentation for more information.
Lower frame rate than expected
Reduce number of applications running on the client computer.
Check with the system administrator that there is enough bandwidth available. See also the online help.
Check in the AMC control panel applet (MPEG-4 tab) that video processing is not set to Decode only I frames.
Lower the image resolution.
Image degeneration
Decrease the GOV length, see the online help for more information.
No images displayed in the Web interface
Problem with AMC
(Internet Explorer only)
To enable the updating of images in Microsoft Internet Explorer, set your Web browser to allow ActiveX controls.
Also, make sure that AXIS Media Control (AMC) component is installed on your workstation.
Installation of additional ActiveX
component restricted or prohibited
Configure your AXIS 214 PTZ to use a Java applet for updating the images under
Live View Config > Layout > Default Viewer for Internet Explorer. See help files for more information.
Video Image Problems
Image too dark or too light
See the help on Video & Image Settings.
Problems uploading own files
There is only limited space available for the upload of your own files. Try deleting one or more existing files, to free
up space.
Missing images in uploads
This can occur when trying to use a larger image buffer than is actually available. Try lowering the frame rate or
the upload period.
40
AXIS 214 PTZ
Slow image update
Configuring, e.g. pre-buffers, hi-res images, high frame rate etc will reduce the performance of the AXIS 214 PTZ.
Slow performance
Slow performance may be caused by e.g. heavy network traffic, many users with access to unit, low performing
client, use of features such as event handling and image rotation.
Bad snapshot images
Display incorrectly configured on your In Display Properties, configure your display to show at least 65000 colors, i.e. at least 16-bit.
workstation
Using only 16 or 256 colors on your display will produce dithering artifacts in the image.
Audio problems
No audio
No full-duplex function
Check that:
•
PC sound card, speakers and microphone are correctly connected.
•
The Mute button is not pressed.
•
The volume in and volume out settings are correct.
•
All cabling is connected.
•
The value of the Post Content Length in your proxy server is 1MB or more. You mayneed to contact your system administrator to do this.
Incorrect configuration. Check the setting in the camera’s Setup pages.
Sound card does not support full-duplex. For information on how to check if your sound card supports full-duplex,
please visit www.axis.com and see the support section for Axis camera products.
Poor performance
Too many users/clients connected. Try limiting the number of clients allowed to connect.
Low bandwidth. Reduce the Speed setting on the Audio settings page. Setting lower speed will reduce any
break-up in the sound, but will also increase the transmission delay. If running in Full-Duplex mode, try switching
to Half-Duplex mode.
Whining or screeching sound from
speakers (feedback)
Poor positioning of speakers and/or microphone. Relocate the speakers or microphone so that they do not point
towards each other, and/or lower the volume.
For further assistance, please contact your reseller or check the product’s support pages on the Axis Website
at http://www.axis.com/techsup
41
AXIS 214 PTZ
Technical Specifications
Item
Specification
Models
• AXIS 214 PTZ 50Hz (PAL)
• AXIS 214 PTZ 60Hz (NTSC)
Image sensor
¼" Sony Exview HAD CCD
Lens
• 4.1-73.8 mm
• F1.4-3.0
• Autofocus
• Auto day/night
• Focus range: 10mm (wide) or 800 mm (tele) to infinity
Angle of view
Horizontal 2.7°-48°
Zoom
18x optical, 12x digital
Minimum illumination
Pan range
Tilt range
• Color mode: 0.3 lux at F1.4, 30IRE
• Black/white mode: 0.005 lux at F1.4, 30IRE
+/- 170º
-30º to +90º
Max speed
• Pan: 100°/sec
• Tilt: 90°/sec
Video compression
• Motion JPEG
• MPEG-4 Part 2 (ISO/IEC 14496-2), Profiles: ASP and SP
Resolutions
• 4CIF, 2CIFExp, 2CIF, CIF, QCIF
• max 704x480 (NTSC) 704x576 (PAL)
• min 160x120 (NTSC) 176x144 (PAL)
Frame rate
(NTSC/PAL)
• Motion JPEG: Up to 30/25 fps in all resolutions
• MPEG-4: Up to 25/21 fps at 4CIF/2CIFExp, up to 30/25 fps at 2CIF/CIF/QCIF
Video streaming
• Simultaneous Motion JPEG and MPEG-4
• Controllable frame rate and bandwidth
• Constant and variable bit rate (MPEG-4)
Image settings
• Compression levels: 11 (Motion JPEG) /23 (MPEG-4)
• Rotation: 90º, 180º, 270º
• Backlight compensation
• Configurable IR cut filter, Auto/Day/Night
• Configurable white balance, color/BW, brightness, sharpness, exposure control
• Overlay capabilities: time, date, text or image
• Aspect ratio correction
• De-interlace filter (4 CIF resolution)
Pan/Tilt/Zoom
• 20 preset positions
• Guard tour
• Sequence mode
• Control queue
• Supports Windows compatible joysticks
• Designed for operator control
Shutter time
1 to 1/10000 sec
Audio
• Full-duplex, half-duplex, simplex
• External line or microphone input (LINE/MIC IN)
• Mono audio (line level) output (LINE OUT) connects to PA system or active speaker with built-in amplifier
• Audio compression: G.711 PCM 64kbit/s, G.726 ADPCM 32 or 24 kbit/s
Security
• Multiple user access levels with password protection
• IP address filtering
• HTTPS encryption
• Network authentication IEEE 802.1x
Alarm and event
management
• Events triggered by: built-in motion detection, external inputs, PTZ preset positions, audio detection or
according to a schedule
• Image upload over FTP, email and HTTP
• Notification over TCP, email, HTTP and external outputs
• Pre- and post alarm buffer of 9 MB per channel (approx. 4 min of CIF resolution video at 4 frames per
second)
42
AXIS 214 PTZ
Item
Specification
Connectors
• Ethernet 10BaseT/100BaseTX, RJ-45
• Terminal block for 1 alarm input, 1 output and alternative power connection
• Line/mic in 3,5mm tele jack
• Line out 3,5mm tele jack
Casing
Processors and memory
Power
Plastic
• CPU: ETRAX 100LX 32bit
• Video processing and compression: ARTPEC-2
• RAM: 32 MB, Flash: 8 MB
• Battery backed-up real-time clock
11-13V DC, max 14 W
Operating conditions
• 0-45 °C (32-113 °F)
• Humidity 20-80% RH (non-condensing)
Installation, management
and maintenance
• AXIS Camera Management tool on CD and web-based configuration
• Configuration of backup and restore
• Firmware upgrades over HTTP or FTP, firmware available at www.axis.com
Video access from
Web browser
• Camera live view,
• Video recording to file (ASF)
• Sequence tour for up to 20 PTZ presets or Axis video sources
• Customizable HTML pages
Minimum web browsing
requirements
• Pentium III CPU 500 MHz or higher, or equivalent AMD, 128 MB RAM, AGP graphics card 32 MB RAM,
Direct Draw
• Windows XP, 2000
• DirectX 9.0 or later
• Internet Explorer 6.x or later
System integration support
• Open API for software integration available at www.axis.com, including: AXIS VAPIX API, AXIS Media
Control SDK, event trigger data in video stream
• Quality of Service (QoS) Layer 3, DiffServ Model
• Embedded Linux operating system
Supported protocols
IPv4/v6, HTTP, HTTPS, SSL/TLS*, TCP, QoS, SNMPv1/v2c/v3 (MIB-II), RTSP, RTP, UDP, IGMP, RTCP, SMTP, FTP,
ICMP, DHCP, UPnP, Bonjour, ARP, DNS, DynDNS, SOCKS, IEEE802.1X.
For other operating systems and browsers see www.axis.com/techsup
More information on protocol usage available at www.axis.com
*This product includes software developed by the Open SSL Project for use in the Open SSL Tool kit
(www.openssl.org)
Included accessories
• Installation Guide
• CD with User’s Manual, demo software, installation and management tools
• Ceiling mount kit
• Power supply 12V DC 3A
• MPEG-4 licenses (1 encoder, 1 decoder)
• MPEG-4 decoder (Windows)
Video management
software (not included)
• AXIS Camera Station - Surveillance application for viewing, recording and archiving up to 25 cameras
• See www.axis.com/partner/adp_partners.htm for more software applications via partners
Accessories
(not included)
• Housings for adverse indoor/outdoor environments
• AXIS 295 Video Surveillance Joystick
• AXIS 292 Network Video Decoder
• MPEG-4 decoder multi-user license pack
Approvals - EMC
• EN55022 Class A,
• EN 55024, EN61000-3-2
• EN61000-3-3
• EN61000-6-1
• EN61000-6-2
• FCC Part 15 Subpart B Class A
• VCCI Class A
• C-tick AS/NZS CISPR 22
• ICES-003 Class A
• EN60950UL, CSA (Power supply)
Maximum dimensions
(HxWxD) and weight
179 x 152 x 157 mm (71/32 x 531/32 x 63/16)1110 g (27/16 lbs)
43
AXIS 214 PTZ
The AXIS 214 PTZ (PAL) delivers the following file sizes:
PAL
PAL aspect ratio corrected
Resolution
Min-Max (KB)
Resolution
Min-Max (KB)
4CIF
704x576
10 - 300
4CIF
768x576
11 - 330
2CIF expanded
704x576
10 - 250
2CIF expanded
768x576
11 - 270
2CIF
704x288
5 - 150
2CIF
768x288
5.5 - 160
CIF
352x288
2.5 - 80
CIF
384x288
2.7 - 90
QCIF
176x144
1 - 20
QCIF
192x144
1.1 - 22
The AXIS 214 PTZ (NTSC) delivers the following file sizes:
NTSC
NTSC aspect ratio corrected
Resolution
Min-Max (KB)
Resolution
Min-Max (KB)
4CIF
704x480
8 - 250
4CIF
640x480
7 - 230
2CIF expanded
704x480
8 - 200
2CIF expanded
640x480
7 - 180
2CIF
704x240
4 - 125
2CIF
640x240
3.5 - 110
CIF
352x240
2 - 70
CIF
320x240
1.8 - 60
QCIF
176x120
0.8 - 15
QCIF
160x120
0.7 - 14
General performance considerations
When setting up the camera, it is important to consider how various settings and situations will affect
performance. Some factors affect the amount of bandwidth (the bit rate) required, others can affect the
frame rate, and some will affect both. If the load on the CPU reaches its maximum, this will also affect the
frame rate.
The following factors are among the most important to consider:
• High image resolutions and/or lower compression levels result in larger images. Bandwidth
affected.
• Access by large numbers of Motion JPEG and/or unicast MPEG-4 clients. Bandwidth affected.
• Simultaneous viewing of different streams (resolution, compression, etc.) by many clients. Frame
rate and bandwidth affected.
• Accessing both Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 video streams simultaneously. Frame rate and bandwidth affected.
• Heavy usage of event settings affects the CPU load. Frame rate affected.
• Enabled motion detection. Frame rate and bandwidth affected.
• Heavy network utilization due to poor infrastructure. Bandwidth affected.
• Viewing on poorly performing client PC lowers perceived performance. Frame rate affected.
• Access by large number of audio clients using full-duplex mode. Bandwidth affected.
Optimizing your system
To see the bandwidth and frame rate currently required by the video stream, the AXIS 214 PTZ provides a
tool that can be used to display these values directly in the video image.
To do this, special format strings are added as part of a text overlay.
Simply add #r (average frame rate in fps) and/or #b (average
bandwidth in Kbps) to the overlay.
For detailed instructions, please see the online help for Video &
Image > Overlay Settings, and the help for File Naming &
Date/Time Formats.
44
AXIS 214 PTZ
Important!
•The figures displayed here are the values as delivered by the camera. If other restrictions are currently in force, (e.g.
bandwidth limitation) these values might not correspond to those actually received by the client.
•For Motion JPEG, these values will only be accurate as long as no frame rate limit has been specified.
Frame rates - Motion JPEG
The following test results show the frame rates in frames/second (fps) for Motion JPEG streams from the
AXIS 214 PTZ, using a compression level of 50%. Note that these values are guidelines only - actual values
may vary.
fps
4CIF
25/30
2CIF expanded
25/30
2CIF
25/30
CIF
25/30
QCIF
25/30
Frame rates - MPEG-4
The following test results show the frame rates in frames/second (fps) for MPEG-4 streams from the AXIS
214 PTZ. Note that these values are guidelines only - actual values may vary.
The MPEG-4 test conditions:
• Compression level = 50%
• Video Object Type = Advanced Simple
• GOV structure = IP*.
fps
4CIF
17/21
2CIF expanded
17/21
2CIF
25/30
CIF
25/30
QCIF
25/30
*Note that setting the GOV structure to use “I-frames only” will increase the frame rate.
Bandwidth
As there are many factors affecting bandwidth, it is very difficult to predict the required amounts. The
settings that affect bandwidth are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
the image resolution
the image compression
the frame rate
the MPEG-4 object type
the MPEG-4 GOV structure
the audio settings.
There are also factors in the monitored scene that will affect the bandwidth. These are:
• the amount of motion
• the image’s complexity
• the lighting conditions.
For MPEG-4, if there is only limited bandwidth available, and if this is more important than the image
quality, using a constant bit rate (CBR) is recommended. Use a variable bit rate (VBR) if the image quality
needs to be maintained at a higher level. If supported on the network, consider also using MPEG-4
multicasting, as the bandwidth consumption will be much lower.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
Glossary of Terms
ActiveX - A standard that enables software components to interact
with one another in a networked environment, regardless of the
language(s) used to create them. Web browsers may come into
contact with ActiveX controls, ActiveX documents, and ActiveX
scripts. ActiveX controls are often downloaded and installed
automatically as required.
AF (Autofocus) - A system by which the camera lens automatically
focuses on a selected part of the subject.
Angle - The field of view, relative to a standard lens in a 35mm still
camera, expressed in degrees, e.g. 30°. For practical purposes, this is
the area that a lens can cover, where the angle of view is determined
by the focal length of the lens. A wide-angle lens has a short focal
length and covers a wider angle of view than standard or telephoto
lenses, which have longer focal lengths.
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) - This protocol is used to
associate an IP address to a hardware MAC address. A request is
broadcast on the local network to discover the MAC address for an IP
address.
ARTPEC (Axis Real Time Picture Encoder) - A chip designed by
Axis for image compression. ARTPEC supports a range of CCD and
CMOS sensors, built-in functionality for sharpening, backlight
compensation, noise reduction and white balance, support for
multiple Motion-JPEG streams, support for MPEG-4 part 2, up to 30
frames/second from 4 simultaneous video sources and real-time
compression of up to 45 Megapixels/second.
ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) - A circuit designed
for a specific application, as opposed to a general purpose circuit,
such as a microprocessor.
Aspect ratio - A ratio of width to height in images. A common aspect
ratio used for television screens and computer monitors is 4:3.
High-definition television (HDTV) uses an aspect ratio of 16:9.
Autoiris (or DC-Iris) - This special type of iris is electrically
controlled by the camera, to automatically regulate the amount of
light allowed to enter.
AVI (Audio Video Interleave) - A video format that supports
simultaneous playback of audio and video.
Bitmap - A bitmap is a data file representing a rectangular grid of
pixels. It defines a display space and color for each pixel (or "bit") in
the display space. This type of image is known as a "raster graphic."
GIFs and JPEGs are examples of image file types that contain
bitmaps.
Because a bitmap uses this fixed raster method, it cannot easily be
rescaled without losing definition. Conversely, a vector graphic image
uses geometrical shapes to represent the image, and can thus be
quickly rescaled.
Bit rate - The bit rate (in kbit/s or Mbit/s) is often referred to as
speed, but actually defines the number of bits/time unit and not
distance/time unit.
Bluetooth - Bluetooth is an open standard for wireless transmission
of voice and data between mobile devices (PCs, handheld computers,
telephones and printers).
Bonjour - Also known as zero-configuration networking, Bonjour
enables devices to automatically discover each other on a network,
without having to enter IP addresses or configure DNS servers.
Bonjour is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Broadband - In network engineering terms, this describes
transmission methods where two or more signals share the same
carrier. In more popular terminology, broadband is taken to mean
high-speed data transmission.
CCD (Charged Coupled Device) - This light-sensitive image device
used in many digital cameras is a large integrated circuit that
contains hundreds of thousands of photo-sites (pixels) that convert
light energy into electronic signals. Its size is measured diagonally
and can be 1/4”, 1/3", 1/2" or 2/3".
CGI (Common Gateway Interface) - A specification for
communication between a web server and other (CGI) programs. For
example, a HTML page that contains a form might use a CGI program
to process the form data once it is submitted.
CIF (Common Intermediate Format) - CIF refers to the analog video
resolutions 352x288 pixels (PAL) and 352x240 pixels (NTSC). See
also Resolution.
Client/Server - Client/server describes the relationship between two
computer programs in which one program, the client, makes a service
request from another program, the server, which fulfils the request.
Typically, multiple client programs share the services of a common
server program. A web browser is a client program that requests
services (the sending of web pages or files) from a web server.
CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) - A CMOS is a
widely used type of semiconductor that uses both negative and
positive circuits. Since only one of the circuit types is on at any given
time, CMOS chips require less power than chips using just one type of
transistor. CMOS image sensors also allow processing circuits to be
included on the same chip, an advantage not possible with CCD
sensors, which are also much more expensive to produce.
Codec - In communications engineering, a codec is usually a
coder/decoder. Codecs are used in integrated circuits or chips that
convert e.g. analog video and audio signals into a digital format for
transmission. The codec also converts received digital signals back
into analog format. A codec uses analog-to-digital conversion and
digital-to-analog conversion in the same chip.
Codec can also mean compression/decompression, in which case it is
generally taken to mean an algorithm or computer program for
reducing the size of large files and programs.
Compression - See Image Compression.
Contrast - Defines the degree of difference between the lightest and
darkest parts of an image or video stream.
DC-Iris - This special type of iris is electrically controlled by the
camera, to automatically regulate the amount of light allowed to
enter.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - DHCP is a protocol
that lets network administrators automate and centrally manage the
assignment of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to network devices in a
network.
DHCP uses the concept of a "lease" or amount of time that a given IP
address will be valid for a computer. The lease time can vary,
depending on how long a user is likely to require the network
connection at a particular location.
DHCP also supports static addresses for e.g. computers running web
servers, which need a permanent IP address.
DNS (Domain Name System) - DNS is used to locate and translate
Internet domain names into IP (Internet Protocol) addresses. A
domain name is a meaningful and easy-to-remember name for an
Internet address. For example the domain name www.example.com is
much easier to remember than 192.0.34.166. The translation tables
for domain names are contained in Domain name servers.
Domain Server - Domains can also be used by organizations who
wish to centralize the management of their (Windows) computers.
Each user within a domain has an account that usually allows them
to log in to and use any computer in the domain, although
restrictions may also apply. The domain server is the server that
authenticates the users on the network.
Duplex - See Full-duplex.
Ethernet - Ethernet is the most widely installed local area network
technology. An Ethernet LAN typically uses special grades of twisted
pair wires. The most commonly installed Ethernet systems are
10BASE-T and 100BASE-T10, which provide transmission speeds up
to 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps respectively.
ETRAX (Ethernet Token Ring AXIS) - Axis' own microprocessor.
Factory default settings - These are the settings that originally
applied for a device when it was first delivered from the factory. If it
should become necessary to reset a device to its factory default
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AXIS 214 PTZ
settings, this will, for many devices, completely reset any settings that
were changed by the user.
Firewall - A firewall works as a barrier between networks, e.g.
between a Local Area Network and the Internet. The firewall ensures
that only authorized users are allowed to access the one network from
the other. A firewall can be software running on a computer, or it can
be a standalone hardware device.
Focal length - Measured in millimeters, the focal length of a camera
lens determines the width of the horizontal field of view, which in
turn is measured in degrees.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - An application protocol that uses the
TCP/IP protocols. It is used to exchange files between
computers/devices on networks.
Frame - A frame is a complete video image. In the 2:1 interlaced
scanning format of the RS-170 and CCIR formats, a frame is made up
of two separate fields of 262.5 or 312.5 lines interlaced at 60 or 50 Hz
to form a complete frame, which appears at 30 or 25 Hz. In video
cameras with a progressive scan, each frame is scanned line-by-line
and not interlaced; most are also displayed at 30 and 25 Hz.
Frame rate - The frame rate used to describe the frequency at which
a video stream is updated is measured in frames per second (fps). A
higher frame rate is advantageous when there is movement in the
video stream, as it maintains image quality throughout.
Full-duplex - Transmission of data in two directions simultaneously.
In an audio system this would describe e.g. a telephone systems.
Half-duplex also provides bi-directional communication, but only in
one direction at a time, as in a walkie-talkie system. See also Simplex.
Gain - The amplification factor and the extent to which an analog
amplifier boosts the strength of a signal. Amplification factors are
usually expressed in terms of power. Decibel (dB) is the most common
way of quantifying the gain of an amplifier.
Gateway - A gateway is a point in a network that acts as an entry
point to another network. In a corporate network for example, a
computer server acting as a gateway often also acts as a proxy server
and a firewall server. A gateway is often associated with both a
router, which knows where to direct a given packet of data that
arrives at the gateway, and a switch, which furnishes the actual path
in and out of the gateway for a given packet.
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) - GIF is one of the most common
file formats used for images in web pages. There are two versions of
the format, 87a and 89a. Version 89a supports animations, i.e. a short
sequence of images within a single GIF file. GIF89a can also be
specified for interlaced presentation.
GOV (Group Of VOPs) - A group of VOP's is the basic unit of an
MPEG-4 video stream. The GOV contains different types and numbers
of VOP's (I-VOP's, P-VOP's, etc.) as determined by the GOV length
and GOV structure. See also VOP.
GOV length - The GOV length determines the number of images
(VOP's) in the GOV structure. See also GOV and VOP.
GOV structure - The GOV structure describes the composition of an
MPEG-4 video stream, as regards the type of images (I-VOP's or
P-VOP's) included in the stream, and their internal order. See also
GOV and VOP.
Half-duplex - See Full-duplex.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) - HTML is the set of "markup"
symbols or codes inserted in a file intended for display in web
browser. The markup tells the browser how to display the page's
words and images for the user.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) - HTTP is the set of rules for
exchanging files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and other
multimedia files) on the web. The HTTP protocol runs on top of the
TCP/IP suite of protocols.
Hub - A (network) hub is used to connect multiple devices to the
network. The hub transmits all data to all devices connected to it,
whereas a switch will only transmit the data to the device it is
specifically intended for.
IEEE 802.11 - A family of standards for wireless LANs. The 802.11
standard supports 1 or 2 Mbit/s transmission on the 2.4 GHz band.
IEEE 802.11b specifies an 11 Mbit/s data rate on the 2.4 GHz band,
while 802.11a allows up to 54 Mbit/s on the 5 GHz band.
Image compression - Image compression minimizes the file size (in
bytes) of an image. Two of the most common compressed image
formats are JPEG and GIF.
Interlacing - Interlaced video is video captured at 50 pictures (known
as fields) per second, of which every 2 consecutive fields (at half
height) are then combined into 1 frame. Interlacing was developed
many years ago for the analog TV world and is still used widely
today. It provides good results when viewing motion in standard TV
pictures, although there is always some degree of distortion in the
image.
To view interlaced video on e.g. a computer monitor, the video must
first be de-interlaced, to produce progressive video, which consists of
complete images, one after the other, at 25 frames per second. See
also Progressive scan.
IP (Internet Protocol) - The Internet Protocol is a method
transmitting data over a network. Data to be sent is divided into
individual and completely independent "packets." Each computer (or
host) on the Internet has at least one address that uniquely identifies
it from all others, and each data packet contains both the sender's
address and the receiver's address.
The Internet Protocol ensures that the data packets all arrive at the
intended address. As IP is a connectionless protocol, which means
that there is no established connection between the communication
end-points, packets can be sent via different routes and do not need
to arrive at the destination in the correct order.
Once the data packets have arrived at the correct destination, another
protocol - Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) - puts them in the
right order. See also TCP.
IP Address - An IP address is simply an address on an IP network
used by a computer/device connected to that network. IP addresses
allow all the connected computers/devices to find each other and to
pass data back and forth.
To avoid conflicts, each IP address on any given network must be
unique. An IP address can be assigned as fixed, so that it does not
change, or it can be assigned dynamically (and automatically) by
DHCP.
An IP address consists of four groups (or quads) of decimal digits
separated by periods, e.g. 130.5.5.25. Different parts of the address
represent different things. Some part will represent the network
number or address, and some other part will represent the local
machine address.
See also IP (Internet Protocol).
Infrared (IR) - Infrared radiation is radiation at a longer wavelength
than visible light, which means it cannot be seen by the naked human
eye. As infrared radiation can be detected as heat, this can be shown
on a screen or captured by a digital camera, with hotter objects
showing up brighter against colder surroundings (e.g. a human body
against a colder background).
As color cameras can "see" infrared radiation as well as visible light,
these cameras are equipped with an IR-cut filter, to prevent distortion
of the colors the human eye can see. To use the camera in very dark
locations or at night, this filter can be removed, to allow infrared
radiation to hit the image sensor and thus produce images.
An infrared lamp can be used for improved illumination for night
surveillance, whilst not producing any extra visible light.
Inputs/Outputs (I/O's) - The digital I/Os on, for example, a network
camera can be used to connect any device that can toggle between an
open and a closed circuit.
If, for example, a door switch is used as an input device, opening the
door could trigger the upload of video images and the sending of
notification messages.
An output might, for example, be used to automatically start a siren
when there is a motion detection trigger.
I-VOP - See VOP.
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JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) - Together with the GIF
file format, JPEG is an image file type commonly used on the web. A
JPEG image is a bitmap, and usually has the file suffix '.jpg' or
".jpeg." When creating a JPEG image, it is possible to configure the
level of compression to use. As the lowest compression (i.e. the
highest quality) results in the largest file, there is a trade-off between
image quality and file size.
kbit/s (kilobits per second) - A measure of the bit rate, i.e. the rate at
which bits are passing a given point. See also Bit rate.
LAN (Local Area Network) - A LAN is a group of computers and
associated devices that typically share common resources within a
limited geographical area.
Linux - Linux is an open source operating system within the UNIX
family. Because of its robustness and availability, Linux has won
popularity in the open source community and among commercial
application developers.
MAC address (Media Access Control address) - A MAC address is a
unique identifier associated with a piece of networking equipment, or
more specifically, its interface with the network. For example, the
network card in a computer has its own MAC address.
Manual iris - This is the opposite to an autoiris, i.e. the camera iris
must be adjusted manually to regulate the amount of light allowed to
reach the image sensor.
Mbit/s (Megabits per second) - A measure of the bit rate, i.e. the rate
at which bits are passing a given point. Commonly used to give the
"speed" of a network. A LAN might run at 10 or 100 Mbit/s. See also
Bit rate.
Monitor - A monitor is very similar to a standard television set, but
lacks the electronics to pick up regular television signals.
Motion JPEG - Motion JPEG is a simple compression/decompression
technique for networked video. Latency is low and image quality is
guaranteed, regardless of movement or complexity of the image.
Image quality is controlled by adjusting the compression level, which
in turn provides control over the file size, and thereby the bit rate.
High-quality individual images from the Motion JPEG stream are
easily extracted. See also JPEG.
Megapixel - See Pixel.
MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) - The Moving Picture
Experts Group develops standards for digital video and audio
compression. It operates under the auspices of the International
Organization for Standardization (ISO). The MPEG standards are an
evolving series, each designed for a different purpose.
MPEG-2 - MPEG-2 is the designation for a group of audio and video
coding standards, and is typically used to encode audio and video for
broadcast signals, including digital satellite and Cable TV. MPEG-2,
with some modifications, is also the coding format used by standard
commercial DVD movies.
MPEG-4 - MPEG-4 is a group of audio and video coding standards
and related technology. The primary uses for the MPEG-4 standard
are web (streaming media) and CD distribution, conversational
(videophone), and broadcast television.
Most of the features included in MPEG-4 are left to individual
developers to decide whether to implement them or not. This means
that there are probably no complete implementations of the entire
MPEG-4 set of standards. To deal with this, the standard includes the
concept of "profiles" and "levels", allowing a specific set of
capabilities to be defined in a manner appropriate for a subset of
applications.
Multicast - Bandwidth-conserving technology that reduces
bandwidth usage by simultaneously delivering a single stream of
information to multiple network recipients.
Multiplexer - A multiplexer is a high-speed switch that provides
full-screen images from up to 16 analog cameras. Multiplexers can
playback everything that happened on any one camera with no
interference from the other cameras on the system.
Network connectivity - The physical (wired or wireless) and logical
(protocol) connection of a computer network or an individual device
to a network, such as the Internet or a LAN.
NTSC (National Television System Committee) - NTSC is the
television and video standard in the United States. NTSC delivers 525
lines at 60 half-frames/second.
OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) - This is a designation for
companies that manufacture equipment which is then marketed and
sold to other companies under their own names.
PAL (Phase Alternating Line) - PAL is the dominant television
standard in Europe. PAL delivers 625 lines at 50 half-frames/second.
PEM (Privacy Enhanced Mail) - An early standard for securing
electronic mail. The PEM-format is often used for representing an
HTTPS certificate or certificate request.
Ping - Ping is a basic network program used diagnostically to check
the status of a network host or device. Ping can be used to see if a
particular network address (IP address or host name) is occupied or
not, or if the host at that address is responding normally. Ping can be
run from e.g. the Windows Command prompt or the command line in
UNIX.
Pixel (Picture element) - A pixel is one of the many tiny dots that
make up a digital image. The color and intensity of each pixel
represents a tiny area of the complete image.
PoE (Power over Ethernet) - Power over Ethernet provides power to
a network device via the same cable as used for the network
connection. This is very useful for IP-Surveillance and remote
monitoring applications in places where it may be too impractical or
expensive to power the device from a power outlet.
PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) - A protocol that uses a serial
interface for communication between two network devices. For
example, a PC connected by a phone line to a server.
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunnelling Protocol) - A protocol (set of
communication rules) that allows corporations to extend their own
corporate network through private "tunnels" over the public Internet.
In this way a corporation can effectively use a WAN (Wide Area
Network) as a large single LAN (Local Area Network). This kind of
interconnection is known as a virtual private network (VPN). See also
VPN.
Pre/post alarm images - The images from immediately before and
after an alarm. These images are stored in a buffer for later retrieval.
Progressive scan - Progressive scan, as opposed to interlaced video,
scans the entire picture, line by line every sixteenth of a second. In
other words, captured images are not split into separate fields as in
interlaced scanning.
Computer monitors do not need interlace to show the picture on the
screen, but instead show them progressively, on one line at a time in
perfect order, i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 etc., so there is virtually no
"flickering" effect. In a surveillance application, this can be critical
when viewing detail within a moving image, such as a person
running. A high-quality monitor is required to get the best from
progressive scan. See also Interlacing.
Protocol - A special set of rules governing how two entities will
communicate. Protocols are found at many levels of communication,
and there are hardware protocols and software protocols.
Proxy server - In an organization that uses the Internet, a proxy
server acts as an intermediary between a workstation user and the
Internet. This provides security, administrative control, and a caching
service. Any proxy server associated with a gateway server, or part of
a gateway server, effectively separates the organization’s network
from the outside network and the local firewall. It is the firewall
server that protects the network against outside intrusion.
A proxy server receives requests for Internet services (such as web
page requests) from many users. If the proxy server is also a cache
server, it looks in its local cache of previously downloaded web pages.
If it finds the page, it is returned to the user without forwarding the
request to the Internet. If the page is not in the cache, the proxy
server, acting as a client on behalf of the user, uses one of its own IP
addresses to request the page from another server over the Internet.
When the requested page is returned, the proxy server forwards it to
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the user that originally requested it.
P-VOP - See VOP.
Resolution - Image resolution is a measure of how much detail a
digital image can hold: the greater the resolution, the greater the level
of detail. Resolution can be specified as the number of pixel-columns
(width) by the number of pixel-rows (height), e.g. 320x240.
Alternatively, the total number of pixels (usually in megapixels) in
the image can be used. In analog systems it is also common to use
other format designations, such as CIF, QCIF, 4CIF, etc.
RTCP (Real-Time Control Protocol) - RTCP provides support for
real-time conferencing of groups of any size within an intranet. This
support includes source identification and support for gateways like
audio and video bridges as well as multicast-to-unicast translators.
RTCP offers quality-of-service feedback from receivers to the
multicast group as well as support for the synchronization of
different media streams.
RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol) - RTP is an Internet protocol for
the transport of real-time data, e.g. audio and video. It can be used
for media-on-demand as well as interactive services such as Internet
telephony.
RTSP (Real Time Streaming Protocol) - RTSP is a control protocol,
and a starting point for negotiating transports such as RTP, multicast
and Unicast, and for negotiating codecs.
RTSP can be considered a "remote control" for controlling the media
stream delivered by a media server. RTSP servers typically use RTP as
the protocol for the actual transport of audio/video data.
Router - A device that determines the next network point to which a
packet should be forwarded on its way to its final destination. A
router creates and/or maintains a special routing table that stores
information on how best to reach certain destinations. A router is
sometimes included as part of a network switch. See also switch.
Server - In general, a server is a computer program that provides
services to other computer programs in the same or other computers.
A computer running a server program is also frequently referred to as
a server. In practice, the server may contain any number of server and
client programs. A web server is the computer program that supplies
the requested HTML pages or files to the client (browser).
Sharpness - This is the control of fine detail within a picture. This
feature was originally introduced into color TV sets that used notch
filter decoders. This filter took away all high frequency detail in the
black and white region of the picture. The sharpness control
attempted to put some of that detail back in the picture. Sharpness
controls are mostly superfluous in today's high-end TVs. The only
logical requirement for it nowadays is on a VHS machine.
Simplex - In simplex operation, a network cable or communications
channel can only send information in one direction.
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) - SMTP is used for sending
and receiving e-mail. However, as it is "simple," it is limited in its
ability to queue messages at the receiving end, and is usually used
with one of two other protocols, POP3 or IMAP. These other protocols
allow the user to save messages in a server mailbox and download
them periodically from the server.
SMTP authentication is an extension of SMTP, whereby the client is
required to log into the mail server before or during the sending of
email. It can be used to allow legitimate users to send email while
denying the service to unauthorized users, such as spammers.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) - SNMP forms part
of the Internet Protocol suite, as defined by the IETF (Internet
Engineering Task Force). The protocol can support monitoring of
network-attached devices for any conditions that warrant
administrative attention.
Sockets - Sockets are a method for communication between a client
program and a server program over a network. A socket is defined as
"the endpoint in a connection." Sockets are created and used with a
set of programming requests or "function calls" sometimes called the
sockets application programming interface (API).
SSL/TSL (Secure Socket Layer/Transport Layer Security) - These
two protocols (SSL is succeeded by TSL) are cryptographic protocols
that provide secure communication on a network. SSL is commonly
used over HTTP to form HTTPS, as used e.g. on the Internet for
electronic financial transactions. SSL uses public key certificates to
verify the identity of the server.
Subnet & subnet mask - A subnet is an identifiably separate part of
an organization's network. Typically, a subnet may represent all the
machines at one geographic location, in one building, or on the same
local area network (LAN). Having an organization's network divided
into subnets allows it to be connected to the Internet with a single
shared network address.
The subnet mask is the part of the IP address that tells a network
router how to find the subnet that the data packet should be delivered
to. Using a subnet mask saves the router having to handle the entire
32-bit IP address; it simply looks at the bits selected by the mask.
Switch - A switch is a network device that connects network
segments together, and which selects a path for sending a unit of data
to its next destination. In general, a switch is a simpler and faster
mechanism than a router, which requires knowledge about the
network and how to determine the route. Some switches include the
router function. See also Router.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - TCP is used along with the
Internet Protocol (IP) to transmit data as packets between computers
over the network. While IP takes care of the actual packet delivery,
TCP keeps track of the individual packets that the communication
(e.g. requested a web page file) is divided into and, when all packets
have arrived at their destination, it reassembles them to re-form the
complete file.
TCP is a connection-oriented protocol, which means that a
connection is established between the two end-points and is
maintained until the data has been successfully exchanged between
the communicating applications.
Telnet - Telnet is a simple method with which to access another
network device, e.g. a computer. The HTTP protocol and the FTP
protocols allow you to request specific files from remote computers,
but do not allow you logon as a user of that computer. With Telnet,
you log on as a regular user with whatever privileges you may have
been granted for specific applications and data residing on that
computer.
TVL (TV Lines) - A method of defining resolutions in analog video.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol) - UDP is a communications protocol
that offers limited service for exchanging data in a network that uses
the Internet Protocol (IP). UDP is an alternative to the Transmission
Control Protocol (TCP). The advantage of UDP is that it is not required
to deliver all data and may drop network packets when there is e.g.
network congestion. This is suitable for live video, as there is no point
in re-transmitting old information that will not be displayed anyway.
Unicast - Communication between a single sender and a single
receiver over a network. A new connection is established for each
new user.
UPnPTM - A set of computer network protocols that allows the
automatic peer-to-peer detection of devices on the network. UPnP is
promoted by the UPnP Forum.
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) - An "address" on the network.
USB - (Universal Serial Bus) A plug-and-play interface between a
computer and peripheral devices, e.g. scanners, printers, etc.
Varifocal lens - A varifocal lens provides a wide range of focal
lengths, as opposed to a lens with a fixed focal length, which only
provides one.
VPN (Virtual Private Network) - This creates a secure "tunnel"
between the points within the VPN. Only devices with the correct
"key" will be able to work within the VPN. The VPN network can be
within a company LAN (Local Area Network), but different sites can
also be connected over the Internet in a secure way. One common use
for VPN is for connecting a remote computer to the corporate
network, via e.g. a direct phone line or via the Internet.
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AXIS 214 PTZ
VOP (Video Object Plane) - A VOP is an image frame in an MPEG-4
video stream. There are several types of VOP:
- An I-VOP is complete image frame.
- A P-VOP codes the differences between images, as long as it is more
efficient to do so. Otherwise it codes the whole image, which may also
be a completely new image.
WAN (Wide-Area-Network) - Similar to a LAN, but on a larger
geographical scale.
WLAN (Wireless LAN) - A wireless LAN is a wireless local area
network that uses radio waves as its carrier: where the network
connections for end-users are wireless. The main network structure
usually uses cables.
Web server - A web server is a program that allows web browsers to
retrieve files from computers connected to the Internet. The web
server listens for requests from web browsers and, upon receiving a
request for a file, sends it back to the browser.
The primary function of a web server is to serve pages to other remote
computers; consequently, it needs to be installed on a computer that
is permanently connected to the Internet. It also controls access to the
server, whilst monitoring and logging server access statistics.
WEP (Wireless Equivalent Privacy) - A wireless security protocol,
specified in the IEEE 802.11 standard, which is designed to provide a
WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) with a level of security and
privacy comparable to that usually expected of a wired LAN. Security
is at two different levels; 40-bit and 128-bit encryption. The higher
the bit number, the more secure the encryption.
WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service) - Part of the Microsoft
Windows NT Server, WINS manages the association of workstation
names and locations with IP addresses, without the user or
administrator having to be involved in each configuration change.
WPA-PSK (Wi-Fi Protected Access - Pre-Shared Key) - This
wireless encryption method uses a pre-shared key (PSK) for key
management. Keys can usually be entered as manual hex values, as
hexadecimal characters, or as a Passphrase. WPA-PSK provides a
greater degree of security than WEP.
Zoom lens - A zoom lens can be moved (zoomed) to enlarge the view
of an object to show more detail.
50
AXIS 214 PTZ
Index
FTP Server 25
Full duplex 18
A
H
Accessing the video stream 13
Action 25
Action Buttons 22
Active/Inactive 22
Administrator 29
Administrators 14
Advanced Simple profile 11
Alarm 25, 27, 38
AMC 9, 12
ARP/Ping 32
Audio 18
Audio input 19
Audio mode 18
Audio output 19
Auxiliary Power 38
AXIS Media Control 18
Half duplex 18
Host Name 33
HTML Examples 23
HTTP API 22
HTTP Server 25
B
M
Backup 36
Bandwidth 11, 45
Bit rate 11
Buffer Size 26
Buffers 26
Motion Detection 27
Motion JPEG 11
MPEG-4 5, 11, 17
MPEG-4 protocols 12
Multicasting 12
C
N
CGI links 22
Connection Module 38
Constant bit rate 11
Control Button 6
Control Panel 9
NAT traversal 34
Network 32
Network Connector 6
NTP Configuration 33
NTP Server 32
D
O
Date & Time 32
Default 36
Default Video Format 22
Default Viewer 22
DNS Configuration 33
DNS Server 33
Domain Name 33
E
Enable ARP/Ping 32
Event 25
Event Servers 25
Event Types 26
F
Factory Default 37
File Sizes (NTSC) 44
File Sizes (PAL) 44
Frame Rate 16
Frame rates 45
I
Input 38
IP Address Filtering 29
IR light 9
L
LED Settings 36
Live View 14
Live View Config 21
Logs & Reports 36
Operator 29
Other MPEG-4 clients 13
Output 38
Output Buttons 22
Overlay Image 16
Overlay Settings 16
Own Home Page 22
Own web files 21
P
Pan/Tilt/Zoom Control Queue 10
Pan/Tilt/Zoom Controls 10
Pinout 36
Pinout - I/O connectors 38
Port Status 28
Ports & Devices 36
Post-trigger Buffer 26
Power Connector 6
Pre-trigger Buffer 26
PTZ Commands 22
51
AXIS 214 PTZ
Pulse 8, 22
Push to talk 18
R
Referrals 29
Restart 36
Restore 36
RTP 12
RTSP 12
S
Scheduled Event 25, 27
Security 29
Security/Users 29
Sequence Mode 8
Server Time 32
Services 32
Setup 14
Simple profile 11
SMTP 35
Snapshot 8
SOCKS 35
Streaming MPEG-4 12
Support 36
System Options 29
T
TCP Server 25
Time Mode 32
Triggered Event 25, 26
Troubleshooting 39
U
UDP 12
Unicasting 12
Upgrade Server 36
UPnP 35
User 29
User Defined Links 22
User List 29
V
Variable bit rate 11
Video Stream 16
52