Bay Technical Associates 350 Switch User Manual

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Using the BayStack 350
10/100 Autosense Switch
Part No. 893-00992-B
June 1997
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4401 Great America Parkway
Santa Clara, CA 95054
8 Federal Street
Billerica, MA 01821
© 1997 by Bay Networks, Inc. All rights reserved.
Trademarks
Bay Networks and Optivity are registered trademarks of Bay Networks, Inc.
Bay Networks Press, Centillion, NetICs, BayStack, and EZ LAN are trademarks of Bay Networks, Inc.
Other brand and product names are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective holders.
Statement of Conditions
In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, Bay Networks, Inc. reserves the
right to make changes to the products described in this document without notice.
Bay Networks, Inc. does not assume any liability that may occur due to the use or application of the product(s) or
circuit layout(s) described herein.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Statement
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy. If it is not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, it may cause harmful interference to
radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in
which case users will be required to take whatever measures may be necessary to correct the interference at their own
expense.
EN 55 022 Declaration of Conformance
This is to certify that the Bay Networks BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch is shielded against the generation of
radio interference in accordance with the application of Council Directive 89/336/EEC, Article 4a. Conformity is
declared by the application of EN 55 022 Class A (CISPR 22).
Caution: This device is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this device can cause radio
interference, in which case, the user may be required to take appropriate measures.
ii
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Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) Statement
This equipment is in the first category (information equipment to be used in commercial and/or industrial areas) and
conforms to the standards set by the Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Data Processing Equipment and
Electronic Office Machines that are aimed at preventing radio interference in commercial and/or industrial areas.
Consequently, when this equipment is used in a residential area or in an adjacent area thereto, it can cause radio
interference to equipment such as radios and TV receivers.
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Contents
Preface
Audience .......................................................................................................................... xv
Organization .................................................................................................................... xv
Conventions .....................................................................................................................xvi
Special Message Formats .........................................................................................xvi
Use of Enter, Type, and Press ...................................................................................xvi
Other Conventions ...................................................................................................xvii
Ordering Bay Networks Publications ..............................................................................xvii
Bay Networks Customer Service ................................................................................... xviii
How to Get Help ............................................................................................................ xviii
For More Information .......................................................................................................xix
Safety Messages
Safety Alert Message Format ..........................................................................................xxi
Safety Alert Messages Used in This Guide ................................................................... xxiii
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Overview .........................................................................................................................1-1
Hardware ........................................................................................................................1-1
BayStack 350 Switch Components ..........................................................................1-2
Cooling Fans ............................................................................................................1-4
Features .........................................................................................................................1-4
Flash Memory Storage .............................................................................................1-6
BootP Automatic IP Configuration ............................................................................1-6
SNMP MIB Support ..................................................................................................1-7
Configuration and Switch Management ...................................................................1-7
Network Configuration ....................................................................................................1-7
Connecting Power Workgroups ................................................................................1-8
Desktop/Segment Switch .........................................................................................1-9
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Creating VLAN Workgroups ...................................................................................1-10
Quick Start ....................................................................................................................1-11
Quick Start to Installing the BayStack 350 Switch .................................................1-12
Quick Start to Managing the BayStack 350 Switch ................................................1-13
Service Port Interface ......................................................................................1-13
SNMP Management Applications ....................................................................1-14
Chapter 2
Installation
Overview .........................................................................................................................2-1
Required Tools and Materials .........................................................................................2-1
Package Contents ..........................................................................................................2-2
Site Preparation ..............................................................................................................2-3
Hardware ..................................................................................................................2-3
Software ...................................................................................................................2-4
Environment .............................................................................................................2-4
Installing the BayStack 350 Switch .................................................................................2-5
Surface Mounting .....................................................................................................2-5
Attaching the Mounting Bracket .........................................................................2-6
Installing on a Tabletop or Shelf .........................................................................2-7
Wall Mounting ..........................................................................................................2-8
Before You Begin ...............................................................................................2-8
Wall Mounting the Switch ..................................................................................2-9
Rack Mounting .......................................................................................................2-10
Connecting Port Cables ................................................................................................2-12
RJ-45 Port Cables ..................................................................................................2-12
100BASE-FX Port Cables ......................................................................................2-13
Connecting Power ........................................................................................................2-14
Verifying the Installation ................................................................................................2-15
Chapter 3
Using the Console Interface
Overview .........................................................................................................................3-1
Console Interface ...........................................................................................................3-1
Service Port Cabling .......................................................................................................3-2
Console Terminal Requirements ..............................................................................3-2
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Modem Requirements ..............................................................................................3-2
Connecting to the BayStack 350 Switch Service Port ..............................................3-3
Accessing the CI Menus and Screens ............................................................................3-3
Using the CI Menus and Screens ...................................................................................3-4
Navigating the CI Menus and Screens .....................................................................3-4
Screen Fields and Descriptions ...............................................................................3-5
Main Menu ......................................................................................................................3-6
IP Configuration ..............................................................................................................3-9
Choosing a BootP Request Mode ..........................................................................3-11
BootP When Needed .......................................................................................3-11
BootP Always ...................................................................................................3-12
BootP Disabled ................................................................................................3-12
BootP or Last Address .....................................................................................3-13
SNMP Configuration .....................................................................................................3-14
System Characteristics .................................................................................................3-16
Switch Configuration .....................................................................................................3-18
MAC Address Table ................................................................................................3-20
VLAN Configuration ...............................................................................................3-22
Sample VLAN Configuration ............................................................................3-24
Port Configuration ..................................................................................................3-28
Rate Limiting Configuration ....................................................................................3-30
Port Statistics .........................................................................................................3-32
Clear Port Statistics ................................................................................................3-36
Service Port Configuration ............................................................................................3-37
Spanning Tree Configuration ........................................................................................3-39
Spanning Tree Port Configuration ..........................................................................3-40
Display Spanning Tree Switch Settings ..................................................................3-42
TELNET Configuration .................................................................................................3-45
Software Download ......................................................................................................3-48
LED Indications During the Download Process .....................................................3-49
Display Event Log .........................................................................................................3-51
Excessive Bad Entries ...........................................................................................3-52
Write Threshold ......................................................................................................3-52
Reset ............................................................................................................................3-53
Reset to Default Settings ..............................................................................................3-54
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Logout ...........................................................................................................................3-55
Chapter 4
Troubleshooting
Overview .........................................................................................................................4-1
LED Indications ..............................................................................................................4-2
Diagnosing and Correcting the Problem .........................................................................4-4
Normal Power-up Sequence ....................................................................................4-4
Port Connection Problems ..............................................................................................4-5
Port Interface ............................................................................................................4-5
Autonegotiation Modes ............................................................................................4-5
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
Environmental ................................................................................................................ A-1
Electrical ........................................................................................................................ A-1
Physical Dimensions ..................................................................................................... A-1
Performance Specifications ........................................................................................... A-2
Network Protocol and Standards Compatibility ............................................................. A-2
Data Rate ...................................................................................................................... A-2
Interface Options ........................................................................................................... A-2
Safety Agency Certification ........................................................................................... A-2
Electromagnetic Emissions ........................................................................................... A-3
Electromagnetic Susceptibility ....................................................................................... A-3
Declaration of Conformity .............................................................................................. A-4
Appendix B
Connectors and Pin Assignments
RJ-45 (10BASE-T/100BASE-TX) Port Connectors ....................................................... B-1
MDI and MDI-X Devices ................................................................................................ B-2
MDI-X to MDI Cable Connections ........................................................................... B-3
MDI-X to MDI-X Cable Connections ....................................................................... B-4
DB-9 (RS-232-D) Service Port Connector ..................................................................... B-5
100BASE-FX Fiber Optic Port Connectors .................................................................... B-6
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Appendix C
Switch Default Settings
Appendix D
Sample BootP Configuration File
Index
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Figures
Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-2.
Figure 1-3.
Figure 1-4.
Figure 1-5.
Figure 1-6.
Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-2.
Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-4.
Figure 2-5.
Figure 2-6.
Figure 2-7.
Figure 2-8.
Figure 2-9.
Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-4.
Figure 3-5.
Figure 3-6.
Figure 3-7.
Figure 3-8.
Figure 3-9.
Figure 3-10.
Figure 3-11.
Figure 3-12.
Figure 3-13.
Figure 3-14.
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BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch .................................................1-1
Front and back panels ..............................................................................1-2
BayStack 350 switches for power workgroups .........................................1-8
BayStack 350 switch as a desktop/segment switch .................................1-9
Virtual LANs ...........................................................................................1-10
Installation flowchart ..............................................................................1-12
Package contents .....................................................................................2-2
Attaching the mounting brackets for a surface mount ..............................2-6
Attaching the rubber footpads ..................................................................2-7
Wall mounting the BayStack 350 switch ..................................................2-9
Attaching the mounting brackets for a rack mount .................................2-10
Installing the BayStack 350 switch in a 19-inch rack ..............................2-11
Connecting RJ-45 port cables ...............................................................2-12
Connecting 100BASE-FX port cables ....................................................2-13
Observing LEDs to verify proper operation ............................................2-15
Map of console interface screens ............................................................3-5
Console interface main menu ..................................................................3-6
IP Configuration screen ...........................................................................3-9
SNMP Configuration screen ..................................................................3-14
System Characteristics screen ..............................................................3-16
Switch Configuration Menu ....................................................................3-18
MAC Address Table screen ....................................................................3-20
VLAN Configuration screen ...................................................................3-22
VLAN configuration spanning multiple BayStack 350 switches .............3-24
VLAN Configuration screen for switch S1 ..............................................3-25
VLAN Configuration screen for switch S2 ..............................................3-26
VLAN Configuration screen for switch S3 ..............................................3-27
Port Configuration screen ......................................................................3-28
Rate Limiting Configuration screen ........................................................3-30
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Figure 3-15. Port Statistics screen .............................................................................3-32
Figure 3-16. Clear Port Statistics screen ....................................................................3-36
Figure 3-17. Service Port Configuration screen .........................................................3-37
Figure 3-18.
Figure 3-19.
Figure 3-20.
Figure 3-21.
Figure 3-22.
Figure 3-23.
Figure 3-24.
Figure 3-25.
Figure 3-26.
Figure 3-27.
Figure 3-28.
Figure 4-1.
Figure B-1.
Figure B-2.
Figure B-3.
Figure B-4.
Figure B-5.
xii
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu ........................................................3-39
Spanning Tree Port Configuration screen ..............................................3-40
Spanning Tree Switch Settings screen ...................................................3-42
TELNET Configuration screen ...............................................................3-45
Software Download screen ....................................................................3-48
Event Log screen ...................................................................................3-51
Sample event log entry showing excessive errors .................................3-52
Sample event log event exceeding the write threshold ..........................3-52
Self-Test screen after resetting the switch .............................................3-53
Self-Test screen after resetting the switch to default settings ................3-54
Password prompt screen .......................................................................3-55
LED locations ...........................................................................................4-2
RJ-45 (8-pin modular) port connector ..................................................... B-1
MDI-X to MDI cable connections ............................................................ B-3
MDI-X to MDI-X cable connections ......................................................... B-4
DB-9 service port connector ................................................................... B-5
100BASE-FX multimode fiber optic port connector ................................ B-6
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Tables
Table 1-1.
Table 2-1.
Table 3-1.
Table 3-2.
Table 3-3.
Table 3-4.
Table 3-5.
Table 3-6.
Table 3-7.
Table 3-8.
Table 3-9.
Table 3-10.
Table 3-11.
Table 3-12.
Table 3-13.
Table 3-14.
Table 3-15.
Table 3-16.
Table 3-17.
Table 4-1.
Table 4-2.
Table B-1.
Table B-2.
Table C-1.
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Front and back panel components ...........................................................1-3
Power-up sequence ...............................................................................2-15
Console interface main menu commands ................................................3-7
IP Configuration screen fields ................................................................3-10
SNMP Configuration screen fields .........................................................3-15
System Characteristics screen fields .....................................................3-17
Switch Configuration Menu commands .................................................3-19
MAC Address Table screen fields ..........................................................3-21
Port Configuration screen fields .............................................................3-29
Rate Limiting Configuration screen fields ..............................................3-31
Port Statistics screen fields ....................................................................3-33
Clear Port Statistics screen field ............................................................3-36
Service Port Configuration screen fields ................................................3-37
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu commands .....................................3-39
Spanning Tree Port Configuration screen fields .....................................3-41
Spanning Tree Switch Settings parameters ...........................................3-43
TELNET Configuration screen fields ......................................................3-46
Software Download screen fields ...........................................................3-49
LED indications during the software download process ........................3-50
LED indications ........................................................................................4-3
Corrective actions ....................................................................................4-4
RJ-45 port connector pin assignments ................................................... B-2
DB-9 service port connector pin assignments ........................................ B-5
Factory default settings for the BayStack 350 switch .............................. C-1
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Preface
Welcome to the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch, part of the Bay
Networks® BayStack™ line of communications products. There are two versions of
the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch: the Model 350T and the Model 350F.
This guide describes the features, uses, and installation procedures for both
models. (Unless otherwise specified, the terms “BayStack 350 switch” and
“switch” refer to both models of the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch.)
Audience
This guide is intended for network installers and administrators who are
responsible for installing, configuring, or maintaining Ethernet and Fast Ethernet
networks.
Organization
This guide has four chapters, four appendixes, and an index:
893-00992-B
•
Chapter 1 provides an introduction to the BayStack 350 switch. The chapter
also includes a “Quick Start” section for quick access to the switch
management features.
•
Chapter 2 explains how to install and verify the operation of the BayStack 350
switch. The chapter includes instructions for installing the switch on a
tabletop or shelf, on a wall, or in a 19-inch equipment rack.
•
Chapter 3 explains how to connect to the BayStack 350 switch service port
and how to use the console interface (CI) menus to configure and manage the
switch.
•
Chapter 4 describes how to isolate and diagnose problems with the BayStack
350 switch, as indicated by the switch LEDs.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
•
Appendix A lists operational and environmental specifications that apply to
the BayStack 350 switch.
•
Appendix B describes the BayStack 350 switch connectors (ports) and pin
assignments.
•
Appendix C lists the factory default settings for the BayStack 350 switch.
•
Appendix D provides a sample BootP configuration file.
•
The index provides an alphabetical listing of the topics and subtopics in this
guide, with cross-references to relevant information.
Conventions
This section describes the conventions used in this guide.
Special Message Formats
This guide uses the following formats to highlight special messages:
Note: A note is used to highlight information of importance or special interest.
Caution: A caution alerts the user to some action or set of conditions that could
result in damage to the equipment.
Warning: A warning alerts the user to some action or set of conditions that could
result in personal injury.
Use of Enter, Type, and Press
This guide uses “enter,” “type,” and “press” to describe the following actions:
xvi
•
When you read “enter,” type the text and press the Enter key.
•
When you read “type,” type the text, but do not press the Enter key.
•
When you read “press,” press only the alphanumeric or named key.
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Preface
Other Conventions
This guide uses the following typographical conventions:
italics
Used for book titles. In command descriptions, italic type
indicates a variable that you supply.
Monospace type
Represents examples of screen text or screen field entries you
might be required to type.
[Enter]
Named keys in text are enclosed in square brackets. The
notation [Enter] is used for the Enter key and the Return key.
[Ctrl]+C
Two or more keys that must be pressed simultaneously are
shown in text linked with a plus (+) sign.
Ordering Bay Networks Publications
To purchase additional copies of this document or other Bay Networks
publications, order by part number from Bay Networks Press™ at the following
numbers:
Region
Telephone Number
Fax Number
United States and
Canada
1-888-422-9773
1-510-498-2609
International
1-510-490-4752
1-510-498-2609
You can also call these numbers to request a free Bay Networks Press catalog.
893-00992-B
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Bay Networks Customer Service
You can purchase a support contract from your Bay Networks distributor or
authorized reseller, or directly from Bay Networks Services. For information
about, or to purchase a Bay Networks service contract, either call your local Bay
Networks field sales office or one of the following numbers:
Region
Telephone Number
Fax Number
United States and
Canada
1-800-2LANWAN; then enter Express
Routing Code (ERC) 290, when prompted,
to purchase or renew a service contract
1-508-670-8766
1-508-436-8880 (direct)
Europe
33-4-92-96-69-66
33-4-92-96-69-96
Asia/Pacific
61-2-9927-8888
61-2-9927-8899
Latin America
561-988-7661
561-988-7550
How to Get Help
If you purchased a service contract for your Bay Networks product from a
distributor or authorized reseller, contact the technical support staff for that
distributor or reseller for assistance.
If you purchased a Bay Networks service program, call one of the following Bay
Networks Technical Solutions Centers:
xviii
Technical Solutions Center Telephone Number
Fax Number
Billerica, MA
1-800-2LANWAN
508-670-8765
Santa Clara, CA
1-800-2LANWAN
408-495-1188
Valbonne, France
33-4-92-96-69-68
33-4-92-96-69-98
Sydney, Australia
61-2-9927-8800
61-2-9927-8811
Tokyo, Japan
81-3-5402-0180
81-3-5402-0173
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Preface
For More Information
For information about Bay Networks and its products, visit the Bay Networks
World Wide Web (WWW) site at http://www.baynetworks.com. To learn more
about Bay Networks Customer Service, select Customer Service on the opening
Web page.
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Safety Messages
Übersetzter Sicherheitshinweis
Traduction des Messages de Sécurité
Traducción de los mensajes de seguridad
Messaggi relativi alla sicurezza
This section translates the safety alert messages used in this guide. Safety alert
messages notify users of unsafe actions or conditions that could lead to personal
injury or equipment damage.
Safety Alert Message Format
All safety alert messages are tagged with an international alert symbol. When you
see a safety alert in this guide, be sure to read and follow the instructions before
continuing with the procedure.
The safety alert messages in this guide appear in the following format:
Symbol
Meaning (English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Japanese)
Warning: A warning alerts the user to some action or set of conditions that
could result in personal injury.
Caution: A caution alerts the user to some action or set of conditions that
could result in damage to the equipment.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Symbol
Meaning (English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Japanese)
Vorsicht: Dieser Sicherheitshinweis macht den Benutzer auf Maßnahmen
oder Bedingungen aufmerksam, die die Verletzung von Personen zur Folge
haben können.
Achtung: Dieser Sicherheitshinweis macht den Benutzer auf Maßnahmen
oder Bedingungen aufmerksam, die eine Beschädigung der Geräte zur Folge
haben können.
Avertissement: La mention Avertissement attire l'attention de l'utilisateur sur
une action ou un ensemble de conditions pouvant causer des blessures
corporelles.
Attention: La mention Attention attire l'attention de l'utilisateur sur une action
ou un ensemble de conditions pouvant endommager l'équipement visé.
Advertencia: Un mensaje de advertencia avisa al usuario sobre una acción o
conjunto de condiciones que pueden causar daños personales.
Precaución: Un mensaje de precaución avisa al usuario sobre alguna acción
o conjunto de condiciones que pueden dañar el equipo.
Avvertenza: L'avvertenza indica all'utente la presenza di una o più
condizioni che possono causare lesioni fisiche.
Attenzione: Questo messaggio indica all'utente la presenza di una o più
condizioni che possono causare danni alle apparecchiature.
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Safety Messages
Safety Alert Messages Used in This Guide
The following safety alert messages are used in this guide. Please read and follow
these instructions when you encounter them in the text.
Class A Product
Copyright page
Caution: This device is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this
device can cause radio interference, in which case, the user may be required to
take appropriate measures.
Achtung: Dieses Gerät ist ein Produkt der Klasse A. Bei Heiminstallationen
kann dieses Gerät Störungen des Rundfunkempfangs verursachen, wodurch
der Benutzer gegebenenfalls entsprechende Maßnahmen ergreifen muß.
Attention: Appareil électrique de classe A pouvant causer des
radio-interférences en utilisation domestique et nécessiter, le cas échéant,
l'application de mesures correctives appropriées.
Precaución: Este dispositivo es un producto de la Clase A. En un entorno
doméstico, este dispositivo puede producir interferencias de radio, en cuyo
caso, puede exigirse al usuario que tome las medidas de corrección apropiadas.
Attenzione: Questo dispositivo è un prodotto di Classe A. Se utilizzato in
ambiente domestico, può causare interferenze radio e, in tal caso, l'utente
dovrà prendere le opportune precauzioni.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Accumulated Weight (Wall Mount)
Page 2-1
Caution: The screws and wall composition must be able to withstand the
weight of the device, plus the additional weight of the attached network cables
and power cords.
Achtung: Schrauben und Wand müssen so beschaffen sein, daß sie dem
Gewicht des Geräts, zuzüglich des Gewichts der angeschlossenen Netzwerkund Netzstromkabel, standhalten können.
Attention: Les vis de fixation et le mur doivent être capables de supporter le
poids du dispositif, ainsi que des câbles réseau et cordons qui y sont rattachés.
Precaución: Los tornillos y la composición de la pared deben ser capaces de
sostener el peso del dispositivo más el peso adicional de los cables de red y
cables de alimentación conectados.
Attenzione: Le viti e la struttura a muro devono essere in grado di sostenere
il peso del dispositivo, oltre a quello dei cavi di rete e di alimentazione
collegati.
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Safety Messages
Accumulated Weight (Shelf or Table Mount)
Page 2-3
Caution: When this device is installed in a stack on a shelf or tabletop, the
accumulated weight of the port cables increases with the height of the shelf or
tabletop.
Achtung: Wenn dieses Gerät in einem Stapel auf einem Tisch oder einem
Regalboden installiert wird, erhöht sich das Gesamtgewicht der
Schnittstellenkabel mit der Höhe des Regalbodens oder Tisches.
Attention: Si l'appareil est posé dans un rack ou sur une étagère, notez bien
que le poids du câblage réseau augmente avec la hauteur de l'installation.
Precaución: Cuando este dispositivo se instala apilado en un estante o sobre
una mesa, el peso acumulado de los cables de los puertos aumenta según la
altura del estante o de la mesa.
Attenzione: Quando il dispositivo viene installato in stack su un ripiano o su
un tavolo, il peso dei cavi connessi alle porte aumenta in proporzione
all'altezza del ripiano o del tavolo.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Hazardous Electrical Current
Page 2-5
Warning: To avoid bodily injury from hazardous electrical current, do not
connect the power cord until instructed to do so.
Vorsicht: Um Verletzungsgefahr durch einen elektrischen Stromschlag
auszuschließen, schließen Sie das Netzstromkabel erst an, wenn Sie dazu
angewiesen werden.
Avertissement: Pour éliminer tout risque d'électrocution, ne jamais
brancher le cordon avant le moment indiqué dans le mode d'emploi.
Advertencia: A fin de evitar daños personales debidos a corrientes eléctricas
peligrosas, no conecte el cable de alimentación hasta que se le indique.
Avvertenza: Per evitare lesioni fisiche dovute a scariche elettriche
pericolose, non collegare il cavo di alimentazione prima del momento indicato
nelle istruzioni.
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Safety Messages
Stacking Units in a Rack
Page 2-10
Caution: When mounting this device in a rack, do not stack units directly on
top of one another in the rack. Each unit must be secured to the rack with
appropriate mounting brackets. Mounting brackets are not designed to support
multiple units.
Achtung: Wenn Sie dieses Gerät in einem Gerätegestell installieren, stellen
Sie die Geräte nicht direkt aufeinander. Jedes Gerät muß mit entsprechenden
Halterungen im Gestell befestigt werden. Die Halterungen sind nicht dafür
konzipiert, mehrere Geräte zu tragen.
Attention: Si cet appareil doit être encastré dans un rack, ne jamais empiler
directement plusieurs unités les unes sur les autres. Chaque unité doit être
correctement fixée avec les membrures appropriées. Les membrures ne sont
pas conçues pour supporter le poids d'unités multiples.
Precaución: Al montar este dispositivo apilado con otros dispositivos, no
apile las unidades directamente unas sobre otras. Cada unidad se debe fijar a la
estructura mediante los soportes de montaje adecuados. Los soportes de
montaje no están diseñados para soportar varias unidades.
Attenzione: Se il dispositivo viene installato su una cremagliera, non
impilarlo su un altro dispositivo montato sulla cremagliera. Ciascuna unità
deve essere fissata alla cremagliera con le apposite staffe di montaggio. Tali
staffe non possono essere utilizzate per fissare più unità.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Hazardous Light Source
Page 2-13
Warning: Fiber optic equipment can emit laser or infrared light that can injure
your eyes. Never look into an optical fiber or connector port. Always assume
that fiber optic cables are connected to a light source.
Vorsicht: Glasfaserkomponenten können Laserlicht bzw. Infrarotlicht
abstrahlen, wodurch Ihre Augen geschädigt werden können. Schauen Sie
niemals in einen Glasfaser-LWL oder ein Anschlußteil. Gehen Sie stets davon
aus, daß das Glasfaserkabel an eine Lichtquelle angeschlossen ist.
Avertissement: L’équipement à fibre optique peut émettre des rayons laser
ou infrarouges qui risquent d’entraîner des lésions oculaires. Ne jamais
regarder dans le port d’un connecteur ou d’un câble à fibre optique. Toujours
supposer que les câbles à fibre optique sont raccordés à une source lumineuse.
Advertencia: Los equipos de fibra óptica pueden emitir radiaciones de láser
o infrarrojas que pueden dañar los ojos. No mire nunca en el interior de una
fibra óptica ni de un puerto de conexión. Suponga siempre que los cables de
fibra óptica están conectados a una fuente luminosa.
Avvertenza: Le apparecchiature a fibre ottiche emettono raggi laser o
infrarossi che possono risultare dannosi per gli occhi. Non guardare mai
direttamente le fibre ottiche o le porte di collegamento. Tenere in
considerazione il fatto che i cavi a fibre ottiche sono collegati a una sorgente
luminosa.
xxviii
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Safety Messages
Turning Off Power to the Unit
Page 2-14
Warning: Removal of the power cord is the only way to turn off power to this
device. The power cord must always be connected in a location that can be
accessed quickly and safely in case of an emergency.
Vorsicht: Die Stromzufuhr zu diesem Gerät kann nur durch Ziehen des
Netzstromkabels unterbrochen werden. Die Netzsteckdose, an die das
Netzstromkabel angeschlossen ist, muß sich stets an einem Ort befinden, der
bei einem Notfall schnell und einfach zugänglich ist.
Avertissement: Le débranchement du cordon d'alimentation constitue le
seul moyen de mettre cet appareil hors tension. Le cordon d'alimentation doit
donc toujours être branché dans une prise accessible pour faciliter la mise hors
tension en cas d'urgence.
Advertencia: La única forma de desconectar la alimentación de este
dispositivo es desenchufar el cable de alimentación. El cable de alimentación
siempre debe estar conectado en una ubicación que permita acceder al cable de
forma rápida y segura en caso de emergencia.
Avvertenza: Estrarre il cavo di alimentazione è l'unico sistema per spegnere
il dispositivo. Il cavo di alimentazione deve essere sempre collegato in una
posizione che permetta l'accesso facile e sicuro in caso di emergenza.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Reset to Default Settings Command
Page 3-8
Caution: If you choose the Reset to Default Settings command, all of your
configured settings will be replaced with factory default settings when you
press [Enter].
Achtung: Bei Auswahl des Befehls zur Rücksetzung auf die
Standardeinstellungen werden alle von Ihnen konfigurierten Einstellungen
durch die werkseitigen Standardeinstellungen ersetzt, wenn Sie die
Eingabetaste drücken.
Attention: Si vous restaurez la configuration usine, votre configuration
courante sera remplacée par la configuration usine dès que vous appuierez sur
[Entrée].
Precaución: Si selecciona el comando Restaurar valores predeterminados,
todos los valores de configuración se sustituirán por las valores
predeterminados en fábrica al pulsar [Intro].
Attenzione: Nel caso in cui si selezioni la reimpostazione dei valori di
default, tutte le impostazioni configurate verranno sostituite dai default di
fabbrica premendo il tasto [Invio].
xxx
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Safety Messages
Choosing a Baud Rate
Page 3-38
Caution: If you choose a baud rate that does not match your console terminal
baud rate, you will lose communication with the configuration interface when
you press [Enter]. If communication is lost, set your console terminal to match
the new service port setting.
Achtung: Bei Auswahl einer Baudrate, die nicht mit der Baudrate des
Konsolenterminals übereinstimmt, geht die Kommunikation mit der
Konsolenschnittstelle verloren, wenn Sie die Eingabetaste drücken. Stellen Sie
in diesem Fall das Konsolenterminal so ein, daß es mit der neuen Einstellung
der Service-Schnittstelle übereinstimmt.
Attention: Si vous sélectionnez un débit différent de celui de votre terminal,
vous perdrez le contact avec l'interface de votre console dès que vous
appuierez sur [Entrée]. Pour restaurer la communication, alignez le débit de
votre terminal sur le nouveau débit de votre port de service.
Precaución: Si selecciona una velocidad de transmisión que no coincide con
la velocidad de transmisión del terminal de la consola, perderá la
comunicación con el interfaz de la consola al pulsar [Intro]. Si se pierde la
comunicación, ajuste el terminal de la consola para que coincida con el nuevo
valor del puerto de servicio.
Attenzione: Nel caso in cui si scelga una velocità di trasmissione non
corrispondente a quella del terminale della console, la comunicazione con
l'interfaccia della console cadrà premendo il tasto [Invio]. Se la comunicazione
cade, impostare il terminale della console in modo tale che corrisponda alla
nuova impostazione della porta di servizio.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Changing Passwords
Page 3-38
Caution: If you change the system-supplied default passwords, be sure to
write the new passwords down and keep them in a safe place. If you forget the
new passwords, you cannot access the console interface. In that case, contact
Bay Networks for help.
Achtung: Wenn Sie die für das System standardmäßig eingestellten
Paßwörter ändern, notieren Sie sich die neuen Paßwörter, und bewahren Sie sie
an einem sicheren Ort auf. Falls Sie die neuen Paßwörter vergessen, können
Sie nicht mehr auf die Konsolenschnittstelle zugreifen. Wenden Sie sich in
diesem Fall an Bay Networks, um Unterstützung zu erhalten.
Attention: Si vous changez les mots de passe par défaut du système,
assurez-vous de bien noter vos nouveaux mots de passe et de les conserver
dans un endroit sûr. Si vous perdez vos nouveaux mots de passe, vous ne
pourrez plus accéder à votre interface. Le cas échéant, veuillez contacter Bay
Networks.
Precaución: Si modifica las contraseñas predeterminadas asignadas por el
sistema, asegúrese de anotar las nuevas contraseñas y guárdelas en un lugar
seguro. Si olvida las nuevas contraseñas, no podrá acceder al interfaz de la
consola. En ese caso, póngase en contacto con Bay Networks para obtener
ayuda al respecto.
Attenzione: In caso di modifica delle password predefinite nel sistema,
assicurarsi di annotare le nuove password e di conservarle in un luogo sicuro.
Nel caso in cui le nuove password vengano dimenticate, non sarà possibile
accedere all'interfaccia della console. In tal caso, contattare la Bay Networks
per avere assistenza.
xxxii
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Safety Messages
Interrupting a Software Download
Page 3-48
Caution: Do not interrupt power to the device during the software download
process. If the power is interrupted, the firmware image can become corrupted.
Achtung: Unterbrechen Sie die Stromzufuhr zum Gerät nicht, während die
Software heruntergeladen wird. Bei Unterbrechung der Stromzufuhr kann das
Firmware-Image beschädigt werden.
Attention: Ne pas couper l'alimentation de l'appareil pendant le chargement
du logiciel. En cas d'interruption, le programme résident peut être
endommagé.
Precaución: No interrumpa la alimentación del dispositivo durante el
proceso de descarga del software. Si lo hace, puede alterar la imagen de la
programación (firmware).
Attenzione: Non interrompere l'alimentazione elettrica al dispositivo durante
il processo di scaricamento del software. In caso di interruzione, l'immagine
firmware potrebbe danneggiarsi.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Removing the Top Cover
Page 4-1
Warning: To avoid bodily injury from hazardous electrical current, never
remove the top cover of the device. There are no user-serviceable components
inside.
Vorsicht: Um Verletzungsgefahr durch einen elektrischen Stromschlag
auszuschließen, nehmen Sie niemals die obere Abdeckung vom Gerät ab. Im
Geräteinnern befinden sich keine Komponenten, die vom Benutzer gewartet
werden können.
Avertissement: Pour éviter tout risque d'électrocution, ne jamais retirer le
capot de l'appareil. Cet appareil ne contient aucune pièce accessible par
l'utilisateur.
Advertencia: A fin de evitar daños personales por corrientes eléctricas
peligrosas, no desmonte nunca la cubierta superior de este dispositivo. Los
componentes internos no son reparables por el usuario.
Avvertenza: Per evitare lesioni fisiche dovute a scariche pericolose di
corrente, non rimuovere mai il coperchio superiore del dispositivo. I
componenti interni non possono essere manipolati dall'utente.
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Chapter 1
Getting Started
Overview
This chapter provides an introduction to the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense
Switch and provides network configuration examples. The “Quick Start” section
allows you to quickly set up switch parameters to manage the switch using Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMP) or the switch service port.
Hardware
There are two versions of the BayStack 350 switch: the Model 350F and the
Model 350T (Figure 1-1).
BayStack Model 350F
Pow
Diag
er
nost
13
ics
14
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
100
13
14
1
2
F Dx
Activ
ity
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11
12
100
BayStack Model 350T
Pow
Diag
F Dx
10/100
Activ
Autos
ense
ity
Switch
1
er
nost
10
350F
2
ics
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
100
10
FD
x
Activ
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
ity
9 10
11 12
13 14
15 16
100
10
350T
F Dx
10/100
Activ
Autos
ense
ity
Switch
7474EA
Figure 1-1.
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BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
BayStack 350 Switch Components
This section describes the user-accessible components of the BayStack 350
switches.
•
The Model 350F switch provides 12 autosense 10/100BASE-TX ports and
two 100BASE-FX fiber optic ports.
•
The Model 350T switch provides 16 autosense 10/100BASE-TX ports.
Figure 1-2 identifies the location of the BayStack 350 switch ports, corresponding
status LEDs, service port, and AC power receptacle.
For a description of each numbered component, see Table 1-1.
1
3
4
5
6
7
1
13 14
1
13
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12
100
100
12
10
14
F Dx
Power
8
F Dx
Activity
Diagnostics
Activity
350F
10/100 Autosense Switch
9
2
BayStack Model 350F front panel
1
4
6
7
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
100
100
10
10
F Dx
Power
8
F Dx
Activity
Diagnostics
Activity
350T
10/100 Autosense Switch
9
2
BayStack Model 350T front panel
10
11
12
RS232
BayStack 350T
M/N AL2012A01
BayStack Model 350F/350T back panel
7455EA
Figure 1-2.
1-2
Front and back panels
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Getting Started
Table 1-1.
Front and back panel components
Item Icon/Label
Description
1
Power LED (green)
Power
On: DC power is available to the switch’s internal circuitry.
2
Diagnostics
Diagnostics LED (green)
On: The switch passes the self-test.
Blinking: A nonfatal error occurs during the self-test.
Off: The switch fails the self-test.
3
13 and 14
100BASE-FX fiber optic port connectors (Model 350F only).
4
1 through 12*
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX RJ-45 (8-pin modular) port connectors.†
5
13 and 14
100BASE-FX port status LEDs, ports 13 and 14 (Model 350F only).
6
100
100BASE-FX/TX port status LEDs (green):
On: The corresponding port is set to operate at 100 Mb/s.
Blinking: The corresponding port is management disabled.
7
10‡
10BASE-T port status LEDs (yellow):
On: The corresponding port is set to operate at 10 Mb/s.
Blinking: The corresponding port is management disabled.
8
FDX
Full-duplex port status LEDs (green):
On: The corresponding port is in full-duplex mode.
Off: The corresponding port is in half-duplex mode.
9
Activity
Port activity LEDs (green):
Blinking: Indicates the network activity level for the corresponding port.
A high level of network activity can cause LEDs to appear to be on
continuously.
10
11
Manufacturing label: Lists the device model number, serial number, MAC address,
and voltage rating.
RS232
12
Service port DB-9 (RS-232-D) serial port connector: Allows the attachment of a
console terminal device for accessing the console interface (CI) screens.
AC power receptacle: Accepts the AC power cord (supplied).
*. 1 through 16 for BayStack Model 350T.
†. Require 100-ohm unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable. The RJ-45 connectors are wired as MDI-X ports to connect end
stations without using crossover cables.
‡. Not available on BayStack Model 350F fiber optic ports 13 and 14.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Cooling Fans
Variable-speed cooling fans in the BayStack 350 switch provide cooling for the
internal components. When you install the switch, be sure to allow enough space
on both sides of the switch for adequate airflow.
Features
BayStack 350 switches provide wire-speed, Fast Ethernet switching that allows
high-performance, low-cost connections to full-duplex and half-duplex 10
megabits per second (Mb/s) and 100 Mb/s Ethernet local area networks (LANs).
Based on advanced application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) technology,
BayStack 350 switches can be cost effectively deployed in 10 Mb/s networks. As
performance requirements increase and 100 Mb/s LANs are deployed, each port
uses autosensing* to support any combination of 10 Mb/s and 100 Mb/s Ethernet
LANs.
One of the many benefits provided by the BayStack 350 switch is that network
users now have the flexibility to grow from 10 Mb/s switching to 100 Mb/s
switching using a single product.
The BayStack 350 switch offers the following features:
•
High-speed forwarding rate: 1.6 million packets per second (peak)
•
Learning rate: 1.6 million addresses per second (peak)
•
Spanning Tree Protocol: IEEE 802.1D standards compliant
•
Store-and-forward switch: Full-performance forwarding at full line speed
•
Rate limiting: Adjustable broadcast and multicast packet-rate limits for
control of broadcast and multicast storms
*. The BayStack 350 switch adjusts (autonegotiates) its port speed and duplex mode to match the best service
provided by the connected station, up to 100 Mb/s in full-duplex mode.
1-4
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Getting Started
•
SNMP agent support for the following Management Information Bases
(MIBs):
—
—
—
—
—
•
Service port for console connection: Allows users to configure and manage
the switch locally or remotely
•
TELNET:
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
•
•
10BASE-T half-duplex
10BASE-T full-duplex
100BASE-TX half-duplex
100BASE-TX full-duplex
Remote monitoring (RMON), with four groups integrated:
—
—
—
—
•
Support for up to four simultaneous TELNET sessions
Optional password protection
Login timeout
Failed-login guard
Inactivity timeout
Allowed source addresses
Event logging
IEEE 802.3u-compliant autonegotiation ports, with four modes:
—
—
—
—
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Bridge MIB (RFC 1493)
Ethernet MIB (RFC 1643)
Proprietary MIBs
RMON MIB (RFC 1757)
MIB-II (RFC 1213)
Statistics
History
Alarms
Events
Port-based virtual LANs (VLANs)
1-5
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
•
Front-panel light emitting diodes (LEDs) to monitor the following:
— Power status
— System status
— Per-port status for the following:
• 100 Mb/s link
• 10 Mb/s link
• Half- and full-duplex transmission
• TX/RX activity
• Management enable/disable
•
Upgradeable device firmware in nonvolatile flash memory using the Trivial
File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
Flash Memory Storage
The BayStack 350 switch uses flash memory to store the switch software image.
Flash memory allows you to update the software image with a newer version
without changing the switch hardware. An in-band connection between the switch
and the TFTP load host is required to download the software image (refer to
“Software Download” on page 3-48). For information about connecting a console
terminal for this procedure, refer to “Service Port Cabling” on page 3-2.
If a BootP server is set up properly on the network and the BayStack 350 switch
detects a corrupted software image during the self-test, the switch automatically
uses TFTP to download a new software image.
BootP Automatic IP Configuration
The BayStack 350 switch has a unique 48-bit hardware address, or media access
control (MAC) address, that is printed on a label on the back panel. You use this
MAC address when you configure the network BootP server to recognize the
BayStack 350 switch BootP requests. A properly configured BootP server enables
the switch to automatically learn its assigned IP address, subnet mask, IP address
of the default router (default gateway), and software image file name. Refer to
Appendix D, “Sample BootP Configuration File,” for an example of a BootP
configuration file.
1-6
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Getting Started
SNMP MIB Support
The BayStack 350 switch supports an SNMP agent with private MIB extensions,
which ensures compatibility with existing network management tools. The
BayStack 350 switch supports MIB-II (RFC 1213) and the RMON MIB (RFC
1757), which provide access to detailed management statistics. With SNMP
management, you can configure SNMP traps (on individual ports) to be generated
automatically for conditions such as an unauthorized access attempt or changes in
a port’s operating status.
Configuration and Switch Management
The BayStack 350 switch is shipped directly from the factory ready to operate in
any 10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX standard network. You can manage the switch
using the Bay Networks Optivity® network management software or any generic
SNMP-based network management software; however, you must assign an IP
address to the switch. You can set the switch’s IP address by using the service port
or BootP, which resides on the switch. For more information about using the
service port to configure the switch manually, see Chapter 3, “Using the Console
Interface.”
Network Configuration
You can connect the BayStack 350 switch to workstations and personal computers
(PCs) either directly, using a hub, or by creating a VLAN. This section provides
three network examples using the BayStack 350 switch in the following
configurations:
•
•
•
Desktop connections for power workgroups
Desktop connections for power workgroups and shared media hub
VLAN workgroups
Note: The BayStack 350T and 350F switches can be used interchangeably in
the following network examples.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Connecting Power Workgroups
Figure 1-3 shows BayStack 350 switches connecting dedicated power workgroups
and standard departmental users. In this example, all users have access to 10 Mb/s
bandwidth or 100 Mb/s bandwidth on any port.
BayStack 350T switch
To
network
center
BayStack 350T switch
Key
10 Mb/s
BayStack 350T switch
100 Mb/s
620EA
Figure 1-3.
1-8
BayStack 350 switches for power workgroups
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Getting Started
Desktop/Segment Switch
Figure 1-4 shows power workgroups connected to servers through BayStack 350
switches in a small network. Network managers who do not want to provide each
end station with the full 100 Mb/s bandwidth can designate a certain number of
users that share the full bandwidth provided by one of the switch ports. For
example, one workgroup is connected to a 10BASE-T hub and shares 10 Mb/s
bandwidth provided by one of the BayStack 350 switch ports.
To
network
center
10BASE-T hub
BayStack 350T switch
Key
10 Mb/s
BayStack 350T switch
100 Mb/s
621EA
Figure 1-4.
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BayStack 350 switch as a desktop/segment switch
1-9
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Creating VLAN Workgroups
You can create and configure VLANs by segmenting networks into logical
workgroups that are independent of physical connections and locations. You can
define the workgroups according to project or department. As shown in
Figure 1-5, workgroup members on VLANs share computer resources but cannot
communicate with other workgroups. Access to specific servers is restricted to all
but the assigned workgroup. Broadcast packets are confined to a specific VLAN,
which relieves traffic congestion.
Refer to “VLAN Configuration” in Chapter 3 to learn how the BayStack 350
switches in Figure 1-5 are configured for this example.
BayStack 350T switch
S2
To
network
center
V1 V2
100 Mb/s
S1
V1 + V2
BayStack 350T switch
BayStack 350T switch
S3
Key
VLAN V1
VLAN V2
VLAN V1 + V2
622EB
Figure 1-5.
1-10
Virtual LANs
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Getting Started
Quick Start
This section provides Quick Start procedures for installing and setting up the
BayStack 350 switch. It is intended for experienced installers or system
administrators who are familiar with the BayStack 350 switch installation and
setup procedures in this manual.
If you have experience installing network devices, or if you are installing multiple
BayStack 350 switches, you can use the installation flowchart provided in this
section to guide you through the installation. If you need more information about
any of the steps listed in the flowchart, refer to Chapter 2, “Installation,” for a
complete explanation of the installation process.
After you have verified the installation, you can use other Quick Start procedures
in this section to set up and begin managing the switch. Refer to Chapter 3,
“Using the Console Interface,” for detailed information about setting up the
switch, and using the console interface (CI) menus and screens.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Quick Start to Installing the BayStack 350 Switch
You can use the installation flowchart (Figure 1-6) to install the BayStack 350
switch. If you need more information about any of the steps in the flowchart, refer
to the appropriate section in Chapter 2, “Installation.”
Start
Check contents of
shipping box
Check site preparation
requirements
Tabletop
or shelf mounting
switch?
No
Yes
Wall mounting
switch?
No
Yes
Install on wall
Secure
switch to mounting
surface?
Install in rack
No
Yes
A
Connect port cables
Install mounting brackets
Connect power
Install on tabletop
or shelf
Verify the installation
A
Configure the switch
for management
721EA
Figure 1-6.
1-12
Installation flowchart
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Getting Started
Quick Start to Managing the BayStack 350 Switch
If you are already familiar with managing network devices, you can use the Quick
Start procedures in this section to set up and begin managing the BayStack 350
switch. The procedures assume that the BayStack 350 switch has been installed
and verified (as described in Chapter 2, “Installation”), and that the network
cables are attached to the switch.
This section describes how to manage the BayStack 350 switch using one of two
methods:
•
•
The service port interface, using the CI menus and screens
An SNMP management application
Service Port Interface
If you are managing the BayStack 350 switch using the service port interface,
follow these steps:
1.
Connect a console terminal directly to the BayStack 350 switch service
port or through a modem connection.
The console terminal can be a VT100-compatible terminal or a PC running
VT100 terminal-emulation software (refer to “Service Port Cabling”
in Chapter 3).
2.
Configure the console terminal for 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and
1 stop bit.
Be sure to set the console terminal to online mode; do not leave it in setup
mode.
3.
Press [Ctrl]+C on the console terminal keyboard.
4.
The console interface (CI) main menu appears.
For more information about the CI main menu, refer to “Using the CI Menus
and Screens” in Chapter 3.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
SNMP Management Applications
If you are using an SNMP management application to manage the BayStack 350
switch, you must first assign an IP address to the switch so that the SNMP
software can communicate with it.
To assign the BayStack 350 switch IP address, follow these steps:
1.
Connect a console terminal directly to the BayStack 350 switch service
port or through a modem connection.
The console terminal can be a VT100-compatible terminal or a PC running
VT100 terminal-emulation software (see “Service Port Cabling”
in Chapter 3).
2.
Configure the console terminal for 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and
1 stop bit.
Be sure to set the console terminal to online mode; do not leave it in setup
mode.
3.
Press [Ctrl]+C on the console terminal keyboard.
4.
The console interface (CI) main menu appears.
For more information about the CI main menu, refer to “Using the CI Menus
and Screens” in Chapter 3.
5.
Choose the IP Configuration option from the main menu.
The IP Configuration screen appears.
6.
In the IP Configuration screen, complete the following fields:
— In-Band IP Address
— In-Band Subnet Mask (if required)
— Default Gateway (if required)
7.
Set SNMP traps, if required.
To set SNMP traps, refer to “SNMP Configuration” in Chapter 3.
8.
1-14
Press [Ctrl]+C to return to the main menu.
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Chapter 2
Installation
Overview
This chapter explains how to install the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch.
The switch can be placed on a tabletop or shelf, mounted on a wall, or installed in
a 19-inch equipment rack.
To install the BayStack 350 switch, you unpack the equipment, physically install
the switch, connect the network cables, connect the power, and then verify the
installation.
Required Tools and Materials
You will need the following tools to install the BayStack 350 switch:
•
For installation in a standard 19-inch equipment rack, use a Phillips (or
cross-head) screwdriver.
•
For wall mounting, you need four screws (not supplied). The screw size and
type depends on the composition of the wall on which you intend to mount the
switch. Have an experienced maintenance person choose the appropriate
hardware for your wall composition.
Caution: The screws and wall composition must be able to withstand the
weight of the device, plus the additional weight of the attached network cables
and power cords.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Package Contents
While unpacking the equipment, verify that your BayStack 350 switch shipment
includes all of the items shown in Figure 2-1.
AC
power cord
Rubber
footpads
350T
10/10
0 Auto
sense
Switc
h
BayStack 350 10/100
Autosense Switch
(Model 350T or Model 350F)
Mounting
brackets
and screws
Using the BayStack 350
10/100 Autosense Switch
584FA
Figure 2-1.
Package contents
If any items are missing or damaged, contact the sales agent or the customer
service representative from whom you purchased the BayStack 350 switch.
2-2
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Installation
Site Preparation
This section describes what you need to do to prepare your site before installing
the switch.
Hardware
Verify that you have the hardware components appropriate for your method of
installation:
•
Console terminal: Ensure that you have a console terminal available. The
console terminal must be a VT100-compatible terminal or a PC running
VT100 terminal-emulation software. (Although the BayStack 350 switch is
operational as soon as you install it, you can customize the operational
parameters to suit your needs.)
•
Rack mounting: You need a single-unit rack space for installing the
BayStack 350 switch in a standard 19-inch equipment rack.
•
Surface mounting:
— Tabletop: The table or shelf must be level and able to support at least
10 pounds, plus the weight of the suspended port cables. If you intend to
stack additional BayStack 350 switches, one on top of another, remember
to include this weight in your calculations when selecting a suitable table
or shelf.
Caution: When this device is installed in a stack on a shelf or
tabletop, the accumulated weight of the port cables increases with the
height of the shelf or tabletop.
— Wall-mount screws: Mounting brackets are provided for securing the
BayStack 350 switch onto a tabletop, shelf, or wall. However, because
wall compositions vary at different sites, Bay Networks recommends that
an experienced maintenance person choose the appropriate wall mounting
hardware to safely mount your BayStack 350 switch.
•
893-00992-B
Network cabling: Ensure that all network cables are in place and that they
have been tested and tagged before you begin the installation.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Software
Verify that you have the software components appropriate for your method of
installation:
•
BootP server: The BayStack 350 switch can learn its IP address through
BootP. To use this feature, ensure that you have a properly configured BootP
server in your network.
•
TFTP server: You can keep your BayStack 350 switch firmware up-to-date
by upgrading the firmware as new versions become available. To upgrade the
firmware, you need a properly configured TFTP server in your network.
The Bay Networks network management applications EZ LAN™, Optivity
Campus™, and Optivity Enterprise™ can help you with these BootP and firmware
functions.
Environment
The following items must conform to the specifications described in Appendix A,
“Technical Specifications”:
2-4
•
Temperature: Ensure that the temperature in the operating environment
o
o
o
o
remains between 0 and 40 C (32 and 104 F). Do not place the BayStack
350 switch in direct sunlight or near warm air exhausts or heaters.
•
Humidity: Ensure that the humidity level in the operating environment does
not exceed 85 percent and that no water condenses on or around the BayStack
350 switch.
•
Ventilation: Ensure that there is adequate airflow and clearance for air
circulation around the BayStack 350 switch. Air enters the switch on one side
and flows out the opposite side. Allow at least two inches of ventilation space
on both sides of the BayStack 350 switch.
•
Electrical power: Ensure that the site’s power outlet meets the power
requirement of the BayStack 350 switch and is within 1.8 meters (6 feet) of
the installation location.
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Installation
Installing the BayStack 350 Switch
This section explains how to install, power up, and verify the operation of the
BayStack 350 switch. Before you begin these procedures, read and follow the
instructions in “Site Preparation” on page 2-3.
Warning: To avoid bodily injury from hazardous electrical current, do not
connect the power cord until instructed to do so.
You can install the BayStack 350 switch in any of the following locations:
•
Surface mounting
— Tabletop or shelf (secured or unsecured)
— Wall mount
•
Rack mounting
— 19-inch equipment rack
Surface Mounting
The BayStack 350 switch can be mounted on any surface that can safely support
the weight of the switch and attached cables, as long as there is adequate space
around the unit for ventilation and access to cable connectors. You can use the
mounting brackets supplied with the switch to secure it to the installation location.
Note: In most cases, it is not necessary to secure the BayStack 350 switch to a
tabletop or shelf. However, if conditions warrant securing the switch (for
example, in locations where the switch might accidentally fall from a shelf or
overhead location), you can secure the switch using two mounting brackets
(supplied).
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Attaching the Mounting Bracket
Figure 2-2 shows the mounting-bracket positions for mounting the BayStack 350
switch on a flat surface such as a tabletop, shelf, or wall. When rack mounting the
switch, you use the same brackets, but position them to attach to the
rack-mounting holes in the chassis (Figure 2-5).
To attach the mounting brackets for a surface mount, follow these steps:
1.
Locate the rack-mounting holes on each side of the switch (Figure 2-2).
2.
Using a Phillips (or cross-head) screwdriver, attach a mounting bracket
to each side of the switch using the screws supplied with the unit.
3.
Secure the switch to the tabletop, shelf, or wall as described in the
appropriate section.
350T
10/100
Autos
ense
Switc
h
585FA
Figure 2-2.
2-6
Attaching the mounting brackets for a surface mount
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Installation
Installing on a Tabletop or Shelf
To install the BayStack 350 switch on a tabletop or shelf, follow these steps:
1.
Attach a rubber footpad to each corner on the bottom of the unit
(Figure 2-3).
2.
Position the switch on the tabletop or shelf, with the front panel facing
you. Be sure to leave adequate space around the unit for ventilation and
access to the cables.
3.
If you are securing the switch to a tabletop or shelf, insert two screws (not
supplied) through each of the mounting brackets, then tighten the screws.
4.
Proceed to “Connecting Port Cables” on page 2-12 to connect the
network cables.
310T
586FA
Figure 2-3.
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Attaching the rubber footpads
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Wall Mounting
You can mount the BayStack 350 switch on any wall that can safely support the
weight of the device and attached cables (see “Site Preparation” on page 2-3 for
safety considerations). The BayStack 350 switch can be mounted with or without
the rubber footpads.
Before You Begin
Before mounting the BayStack 350 switch on a wall, note the following
considerations:
2-8
•
The BayStack 350 switch must be wall mounted with the front panel facing
upward, as shown in Figure 2-4.
•
Because the LEDs are located on the front panel, you should position the
switch at a height that allows the LEDs to be visible at all times.
•
Do not let the attached port cables hang freely from the port connectors.
Install plastic cable clamps to support and dress the cables.
•
Because wall composition varies at each site, wall-mounting screws are not
supplied. You should choose the appropriate mounting hardware for your wall
composition.
•
A common and safe method for attaching devices to most walls is to attach
the device to a piece of plywood (at least 0.5 in. thick) that is firmly secured to
the wall, preferably to the wall studs.
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Installation
Wall Mounting the Switch
To mount the BayStack 350 switch on a wall, follow these steps:
1.
Using a Phillips (or cross-head) screwdriver, attach a mounting bracket
to each side of the switch using the screws supplied with the unit
(Figure 2-2).
2.
Insert two screws (not supplied) through each of the mounting brackets,
then tighten the screws (Figure 2-4).
3.
Proceed to “Connecting Port Cables” on page 2-12 to connect the
network cables.
310T
587FA
Figure 2-4.
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Wall mounting the BayStack 350 switch
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Rack Mounting
The BayStack 350 switch occupies one single-unit rack space and can be installed
in most standard 19-inch racks.
Caution: When mounting this device in a rack, do not stack units directly on
top of one another in the rack. Each unit must be secured to the rack with
appropriate mounting brackets. Mounting brackets are not designed to support
multiple units.
To install the BayStack 350 switch in a 19-inch rack, follow these steps:
Note: When mounting this device in a rack, do not attach the four rubber
footpads supplied with the unit.
1.
If rubber footpads are attached to the bottom of the unit, remove them.
2.
Locate the rack-mounting holes on each side of the switch (Figure 2-5).
3.
Using a Phillips (or cross-head) screwdriver, attach a mounting bracket
to each side of the switch using the screws supplied with the unit.
witch
350T
10/100
Autos
ense
Switc
h
610FA
Figure 2-5.
2-10
Attaching the mounting brackets for a rack mount
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Installation
4.
Position the switch in the rack and align the holes in the mounting
bracket with the holes in the rack chassis (Figure 2-6).
5.
Insert two screws (appropriate for your 19-inch rack, not supplied)
through each of the mounting brackets, then tighten the screws.
6.
Proceed to “Connecting Port Cables” on page 2-12 to connect the
network cables.
350T
10/100
Autos
ense
Switch
611FA
Figure 2-6.
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Installing the BayStack 350 switch in a 19-inch rack
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Connecting Port Cables
This section describes how to connect the BayStack 350 switch ports to the
network. Depending on your network configuration requirements, connect the
RJ-45 port cables, 100BASE-FX port cables, or both. After connecting the port
cables, proceed to “Connecting Power” on page 2-14 to connect the AC power
cord and power up the BayStack 350 switch.
The BayStack 350 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX switch ports are configured with
RJ-45 connectors that are wired as MDI-X ports. As in conventional Ethernet
repeater hubs, the BayStack 350 switch ports connect via straight-through cables
to the network interface card (NIC) in a node or server. When connecting to an
Ethernet hub or to another switch, you must use a crossover cable. Refer to
Appendix B, “Connectors and Pin Assignments,” for more information.
Note: By default, all BayStack 350 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX switch ports are
set with the autonegotiation feature enabled. This feature allows any port to
match the best service provided by the connected station, up to 100 Mb/s in
full-duplex mode.
RJ-45 Port Cables
To connect the RJ-45 port cables, insert the cable plug into the appropriate port
connector until the release tab snaps into the locked position (Figure 2-7).
5634EA
Figure 2-7.
2-12
Connecting RJ-45 port cables
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Installation
100BASE-FX Port Cables
Warning: Fiber optic equipment can emit laser or infrared light that can injure
your eyes. Never look into an optical fiber or connector port. Always assume
that fiber optic cables are connected to a light source.
To connect the 100BASE-FX port cables, align the keyway on the cable plug with
the key slot on the appropriate connector, then insert the cable plug into the fiber
optic port connector (Figure 2-8).
156FA
Figure 2-8.
Connecting 100BASE-FX port cables
After connecting the port cables, proceed to the next section, “Connecting Power,”
to connect the AC power cord and power up the BayStack 350 switch.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Connecting Power
The BayStack 350 switch does not have a power on/off switch. When you connect
the AC power cord to a suitable AC outlet, the switch powers up immediately.
Warning: Removal of the power cord is the only way to turn off power to this
device. The power cord must always be connected in a location that can be
accessed quickly and safely in case of an emergency.
To connect the AC power cord, follow these steps:
2-14
1.
Plug one end of the AC power cord into the AC power receptacle, located
on the BayStack 350 switch back panel.
2.
Plug the other end of the AC power cord into a grounded AC power
outlet.
3.
Proceed to the next section, “Verifying the Installation,” to verify proper
operation.
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Installation
Verifying the Installation
To verify proper operation of the BayStack 350 switch, observe the front-panel
LEDs as described in Table 2-1.
Table 2-1.
Power-up sequence
Stage
Description
LED indication
1
Immediately after
AC power is
applied to the
switch, DC power
is available to the
switch’s internal
circuitry.
The Power LED turns on within 5 seconds (Figure 2-9).
2
If the Power LED does not turn on, verify that power is
available at the AC power outlet and that the power cable is
fastened securely at both ends.
If the Power LED remains off, contact the sales agent or the
customer service representative from whom you purchased
the BayStack 350 switch.
The switch initiates As subroutines are initiated by the self-test, the port status
a self-test.
LEDs flash various patterns. When the switch passes the
self-test (within 10 seconds), the Diagnostics LED turns on
(Figure 2-9).
If a nonfatal error occurs during the self-test, the
Diagnostics LED blinks.
If the switch fails the self-test, the Diagnostics LED remains
off. Contact the sales agent or the customer service
representative from whom you purchased the BayStack 350
switch.
Power LED
1
2
3
4
5
6
Power
Diagnostics
Diagnostics LED
613EA
Figure 2-9.
Observing LEDs to verify proper operation
After verifying proper operation of the BayStack 350 switch, refer to Chapter 3,
“Using the Console Interface,” to configure and manage the switch.
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Chapter 3
Using the Console Interface
Overview
This chapter describes how to configure and manage the BayStack 350 10/100
Autosense Switch using the menu-driven console interface (CI). You can access
the CI menus and screens through the service port located on the switch back
panel. You can also manage the BayStack 350 switch using Bay Networks
Optivity network management software or a generic SNMP-based management
application; however, you must first assign an IP address to the switch, as
described in this chapter. If you have a properly configured BootP server in your
network, the IP address of the BayStack 350 switch will be detected
automatically, so you will not have to configure the IP address.
Note: Refer to your network management documentation for information
about SNMP network management.
Console Interface
The CI consists of menus and screens that enable you to manage the BayStack
350 switch and monitor its performance. You can manage the switch by using
configuration menus to change its operational parameters. You can monitor the
performance of the switch by using the statistics screen, which displays the
counters of the switch ports.
You can access the CI menus and screens in the following ways:
•
•
•
893-00992-B
Locally, through a console terminal (must be a VT100-compatible terminal or
a PC running VT100 terminal-emulation software)
Remotely, through a dial-up modem connection
Through an in-band TELNET session
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Service Port Cabling
You can connect a console terminal directly to the BayStack 350 switch service
port, or you can connect a modem to the switch service port for remote access to
the CI menus and screens.
Note: To ensure correct connections between the service port and the console
terminal or modem port, refer to the service-port pin assignments in
Appendix B, “Connectors and Pin Assignments.”
Console Terminal Requirements
To connect a console terminal to the BayStack 350 switch service port, you need
the following equipment:
•
An ASCII character terminal that has an RS-232 serial port, or a computer
that has an RS-232 serial port and terminal emulation (typically a PC running
common communications software)
•
A standard RS-232 serial communications cable with a DB-9 connector at one
end for connection to the service port, and an appropriate connector (typically
a DB-9 or DB-25 connector) at the other end for connection to the serial port
on the console terminal
Modem Requirements
To connect a modem to the BayStack 350 switch service port, you need the
following equipment:
•
A 9600 baud (or higher speed) modem is recommended. The service port
speed is set to 9600 baud (the default factory setting), but supports 2400 to
38400 baud, as long as the speed at both ends of the communications link are
identical.
•
A standard RS-232 serial communications null-modem cable with a DB-9
connector at one end for connection to the service port, and an appropriate
connector (typically a DB-9 or DB-25 connector) at the other end for
connection to the modem’s serial port.
Set the modem’s serial port speed to match the speed of the BayStack 350 switch
service port (9600 baud is the default). See “Service Port Configuration” on
page 3-37 to modify the switch service port.
3-2
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Using the Console Interface
Connecting to the BayStack 350 Switch Service Port
To connect a console terminal or modem to the BayStack 350 switch service port,
follow these steps:
1.
Plug the RS-232 cable DB-9 receptacle into the service port plug. Secure
the connection by tightening the two screws on the DB-9 receptacle.
2.
Plug the other end of the RS-232 cable (DB-9 or DB-25, as appropriate)
into the RS-232 serial port on the console terminal or modem.
Accessing the CI Menus and Screens
You can access the CI menus and screens locally through a console terminal,
remotely through a dial-up modem connection, or through a TELNET session.
To access the CI menus and screens through a TELNET session, your workstation
must be configured with an IP address, and you must know the IP address of the
switch in order to establish a link. You can configure an IP address for the
BayStack 350 switch by using a console terminal (as described in this section). If
you have a properly configured BootP server in your network, the IP address of
the BayStack 350 switch will be detected automatically, so you will not have to
configure the IP address. Refer to your TELNET documentation for information
about establishing TELNET connections.
To access the CI menus and screens, follow these steps:
1.
Power up the console terminal, or make sure that your PC is running in
terminal-emulation mode.
2.
Set the console terminal configuration parameters as follows:
•
•
•
•
9600 baud
8 data bits
No parity
1 stop bit
3.
Set the console terminal to online mode; do not leave it in setup mode.
4.
Press [Ctrl]+C on the console terminal keyboard.
The CI main menu appears. For more information about using the main menu,
proceed to the next section, “Using the CI Menus and Screens.”
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Using the CI Menus and Screens
The CI menus and screens provide commands that allow you to configure and
manage the BayStack 350 switch. Help prompts at the bottom of each menu and
screen explain how to enter data in the highlighted field and how to navigate the
CI menus and screens.
Although some commands take effect immediately, other commands are followed
by an ellipsis (for example, IP Configuration...), indicating that there is a submenu
with other options.
Some commands can switch between several possible settings; you use these
commands to toggle a condition. Other commands allow you to enter information;
you use these commands to set or modify a parameter.
Navigating the CI Menus and Screens
Use the following methods to navigate the CI menus and screens:
•
To select a command:
a.
Use the arrow keys to highlight the command name.
b.
Press [Enter].
The command takes effect immediately after you press the [Enter] key.
Alternatively, you can press the key corresponding to the underlined letter in
the command name. For example, to select the Switch Configuration
command in the main menu, press the [W] key. Note that the text characters
are not case-sensitive.
•
•
3-4
To toggle between several possible settings:
a.
Use the space bar to highlight the setting.
b.
Press [Enter].
To clear a string field:
a.
Position the cursor in the string field.
b.
Press [Ctrl]+K.
•
To return to the previous menu, press [Ctrl]+R.
•
To return to the main menu at any time, press [Ctrl]+C.
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Using the Console Interface
Screen Fields and Descriptions
Figure 3-1 shows a map of the CI screens. The remainder of this chapter describes
the CI screens and their fields, beginning with the main menu.
Main Menu
IP Configuration
SNMP Configuration
System Characteristics
Switch Configuration
Service Port Configuration
Spanning Tree Configuration
TELNET Configuration
Software Download
Display Event Log
Reset
Reset to Default Settings
Logout
MAC Address Table
VLAN Configuration
Port Configuration
Rate Limiting Configuration
Display Port Statistics
Clear Port Statistics
Spanning Tree Port Configuration
Display Spanning Tree Switch Settings
614EA
Figure 3-1.
Map of console interface screens
The CI screen examples provided in this chapter are for a BayStack Model 350T
switch. Most of the screens and fields apply to both the BayStack Model 350T
switch and the BayStack Model 350F switch. If there are differences, it is clearly
noted in the text.
The CI screens for your switch will show the correct model name in the screen
title and the correct number of ports and port type.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Main Menu
This section describes the commands available from the CI main menu
(Figure 3-2). The CI screens and submenus for these commands are described in
the following sections.
Note: The field values shown in the CI screens in this section are provided as
examples only.
BayStack Model 350T Main Menu
IP Configuration...
SNMP Configuration...
System Characteristics...
Switch Configuration...
Service Port Configuration...
Spanning Tree Configuration...
TELNET Configuration...
Software Download...
Display Event Log
Reset
Reset to Default Settings
Logout
Use arrow keys to highlight option, press <Return> or <Enter> to select option.
Figure 3-2.
3-6
Console interface main menu
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-1 describes the CI main menu commands.
Table 3-1.
Console interface main menu commands
Command
Description
IP Configuration...
Displays the IP Configuration screen (see “IP Configuration” on
page 3-9). This screen allows you to set or modify IP configuration
parameters.
SNMP Configuration...
Displays the SNMP Configuration screen (see “SNMP Configuration” on
page 3-14). This screen allows you to set or modify the SNMP read-only
community and read-write community strings, enable or disable the
authentication trap, set the IP address of trap receivers, and set the trap
community strings.
System Characteristics...
Displays the System Characteristics screen (see “System
Characteristics” on page 3-16). This screen allows you to view switch
characteristics such as the number of resets and the hardware and
firmware version. This screen also contains three user-configurable
fields: sysContact, sysName, and sysLocation.
Switch Configuration...
Displays the Switch Configuration Menu (see “Switch Configuration” on
page 3-18). This menu provides the following configuration commands:
MAC Address Table, VLAN Configuration, Port Configuration, Rate
Limiting Configuration, Display Port Statistics, and Clear Port Statistics.
Service Port Configuration...
Displays the Service Port Configuration screen (see “Service Port
Configuration” on page 3-37).
Spanning Tree Configuration...
Displays the Spanning Tree Configuration Menu (see “Spanning Tree
Configuration” on page 3-39).
TELNET Configuration...
Displays the TELNET Configuration screen (see “TELNET
Configuration” on page 3-45).
Software Download...
Displays the Software Download screen (see “Software Download” on
page 3-48).
Display Event Log
Displays the Event Log screen (see “Display Event Log” on page 3-51).
Reset
Resets the switch with the current configuration settings. When you
select this command, the switch resets, runs a self-test, and displays the
main menu.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Table 3-1.
Console interface main menu commands (continued)
Command
Description
Reset to Default Settings
Resets the switch to the factory default configuration settings. When you
select this command, the switch resets, runs a self-test, and displays the
main menu.
Caution: If you choose the Reset to Default Settings command, all of
your configured settings will be replaced with factory default settings
when you press [Enter].
Logout
3-8
The Logout command allows a user in a TELNET session or a user
working at a password-protected console terminal to terminate the
session (see “Logout” on page 3-55).
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Using the Console Interface
IP Configuration
The IP Configuration screen (Figure 3-3) allows you to set or modify the
BayStack 350 switch IP configuration parameters. Data that you enter in the
user-configurable fields takes effect as soon as you press [Enter].
Note: The read-only fields in this screen are updated based on the BootP mode
specified in the BootP Request Mode field. (See “Choosing a BootP Request
Mode” on page 3-11 for more information.)
IP Configuration
BootP Request Mode:
[ BootP When Needed
]
In-Band IP Address:
In-Band Subnet Mask:
Configurable
------------------[ 0.0.0.0 ]
[ 0.0.0.0 ]
In Use
--------------0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
Last BootP
--------------0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
Default Gateway:
[ 0.0.0.0 ]
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice. Press
Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-3.
893-00992-B
IP Configuration screen
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Table 3-2 describes the IP Configuration screen fields.
Table 3-2.
IP Configuration screen fields
Field
Description
BootP Request Mode One of four modes of operation for BootP. (See “Choosing a BootP Request Mode”
on page 3-11 for details about the four modes.)
Default Value
BootP When Needed
Range
BootP When Needed, BootP Always, BootP Disabled, BootP or
Last Address
Configurable
Column header for the user-configurable fields in this screen.
In Use
Column header for the read-only fields in this screen. The read-only data displayed
in this column represents data that is currently in use.
Last BootP
Column header for the read-only fields in this screen. The read-only data displayed
in this column represents data obtained from the last BootP reply received.
In-Band IP Address
The in-band IP address of the BayStack 350 switch.
Default Value
0.0.0.0 (no IP address assigned)
Range
Four-octet decimal IP address notation, where each octet of the
address is represented as a decimal value, separated by a
decimal point
In-Band Subnet Mask The subnet address mask associated with the in-band IP address shown on the
screen.
Network routers use the subnet mask to determine the network or subnet address
portion of a host’s IP address. The bits in the IP address that contain the network
address (including the subnet) are set to 1 in the address mask, and the bits that
contain the host identifier are set to 0.
Default Gateway
3-10
Default Value
0.0.0.0 (no subnet mask assigned)
Range
Four-octet decimal IP address notation, where each octet is
represented as a decimal value, separated by a decimal point
The IP address of the default gateway.
Default Value
0.0.0.0 (no IP address assigned)
Range
Four-octet decimal IP address notation, where each octet is
represented as a decimal value, separated by a decimal point
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Using the Console Interface
Choosing a BootP Request Mode
The BootP Request Mode field in the IP Configuration screen allows you to
choose which method the switch uses to broadcast BootP requests:
•
•
•
•
BootP When Needed
BootP Always
BootP Disabled
BootP or Last Address
The following sections describe the BootP request modes.
BootP When Needed
This mode allows the switch to request an IP address if one has not already been
set from the console terminal.
When selected, this mode operates as follows:
•
When the IP data is entered from the console terminal, the data becomes the
in-band address of the switch and BootP requests are not broadcast. The
switch can be managed using this in-band IP address.
•
When the in-band IP address is not set from the console terminal, the switch
broadcasts BootP requests until it receives a BootP reply containing an IP
address. If the switch does not receive a BootP reply that contains an IP
address, the switch cannot be managed in-band.
If an IP address is not currently in use, these actions take effect immediately.
If an IP address is currently in use, these actions take effect only after the switch is
reset or power cycled.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
BootP Always
This mode allows the switch to be managed only when configured with the IP
address obtained from the BootP server.
When selected, this mode operates as follows:
•
The switch continues to broadcast BootP requests, regardless of whether an
in-band IP address is set from the console terminal.
•
If the switch receives a BootP reply that contains an in-band IP address, the
switch uses this new in-band IP address.
•
If the switch does not receive a BootP reply, the switch cannot be managed
using the in-band IP address set from the console terminal.
If an IP address is not currently in use, these actions take effect immediately.
If an IP address is currently in use, these actions take effect only after the switch is
reset or power cycled.
BootP Disabled
This mode allows the switch to be managed only by using the IP address set from
the console terminal.
When selected, this mode operates as follows:
•
The switch does not broadcast BootP requests, regardless of whether an IP
address is set from the console terminal.
•
The switch can be managed only by using the in-band IP address set from the
console terminal.
These actions take effect after the switch is reset or power cycled, even if an IP
address is not currently in use.
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Using the Console Interface
BootP or Last Address
This mode allows the switch to be managed even if a BootP server is not be
reachable.
When selected, this mode operates as follows:
•
When the IP data is entered from the console terminal, the data becomes the
in-band address of the switch and BootP requests are not broadcast. The
switch can be managed using this in-band IP address.
•
When the in-band IP address is not set from the console terminal, the switch
broadcasts BootP requests until it receives a BootP reply containing an
in-band IP address. If the switch does not receive a BootP reply that contains
an in-band IP address within 10 minutes, the switch uses the last in-band IP
address that it received from a BootP server. This IP information is displayed
in the Last BootP column.
If an IP address is not currently in use, these actions take effect immediately.
If an IP address is currently in use, these actions take effect only after the switch is
reset or power cycled.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
SNMP Configuration
The SNMP Configuration screen (Figure 3-4) allows you to set or modify the
SNMP configuration parameters.
SNMP Configuration
Read-Only Community String:
Read-Write Community String:
[ public ]
[ private ]
Trap #1 IP Address:
Community String:
Trap #2 IP Address:
Community String:
Trap #3 IP Address:
Community String:
Trap #4 IP Address:
Community String:
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
Authentication Trap:
[ Enabled
0.0.0.0
]
0.0.0.0
]
0.0.0.0
]
0.0.0.0
]
]
]
]
]
]
Enter text, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-4.
3-14
SNMP Configuration screen
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-3 describes the SNMP Configuration screen fields.
Table 3-3.
SNMP Configuration screen fields
Field
Description
Read-Only
Community String
The community string used for in-band read-only SNMP operations.
Read-Write
Community String
Trap #1 IP Address*
Community String
Authentication Trap
Default Value
public
Range
Any ASCII string of up to 32 printable characters
The community string used for in-band read-write SNMP operations.
Default Value
private
Range
Any ASCII string of up to 32 printable characters
Number one of four trap IP addresses. Successive trap IP address fields are
numbered 2, 3, and 4. Each trap address has an associated community
string (see the next field description).
Default Value
0.0.0.0 (no IP address assigned)
Range
Four-octet decimal IP address notation, where each
octet of the address is represented as a decimal value,
separated by a decimal point
The community string associated with one of the four trap IP addresses
(see the Trap #1 IP Address field description).
Default Value
Zero-length string
Range
Any ASCII string of up to 32 printable characters
Determines whether a trap will be sent when there is an SNMP
authentication failure.
Default Value
Enabled
Range
Enabled, Disabled
*. The Trap IP Address and Community String fields can be set using a MIB table (in a Bay Networks proprietary MIB). The
status of the row in the MIB table can be set to Ignore. If the row status is set to Ignore, the fields appear to be set when
viewed from the console terminal; however, no traps will be sent to that address until the row status is set to Valid.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
System Characteristics
The System Characteristics screen (Figure 3-5) allows you to view system
characteristics and contains three user-configurable fields: sysContact, sysName,
and sysLocation.
System Characteristics
MAC Address:
00-60-FD-00-00-E0
Reset Count:
Last Reset Type:
2
Software Download
sysDescr:
sysObjectID:
sysUpTime:
sysServices:
sysContact:
sysName:
sysLocation:
BayStack Model 350T HW:RevC FW:V1.00 SW:V1.00
1.3.6.1.4.1.45.3.30.1.2
01:36:49
3
[ M.J.Lento ]
[ Engineering Switch ]
[ Building 4, Floor 2 ]
Enter text, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-5.
3-16
System Characteristics screen
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-4 describes the System Characteristics screen fields.
Table 3-4.
System Characteristics screen fields
Field
Description
MAC Address
The MAC address of the BayStack 350 switch.
Reset Count
A read-only field that indicates the number of resets since the switch was originally
loaded with operational firmware.
Last Reset Type
Default Value
1
Range
0 to 232 -1
A read-only field that indicates the last type of reset.
Default Value
Power Cycle
Range
Power Cycle, Software Download, Management Reset,
Management Factory Reset
sysDescr
A read-only field that specifies the hardware and software version.
sysObjectID
A read-only field that provides a unique identification of the device, which contains
the vendor’s private enterprise number.
sysUpTime
A read-only field that shows the length of time since the last reset. Note that this field
is updated when the screen is redisplayed.
sysServices
A read-only field that indicates the device’s physical and data link layer functionality.
sysContact
The name and phone number of the person responsible for the switch.
sysName
sysLocation
Default Value
Zero-length string
Range
Any ASCII string of up to 56 printable characters*
A name that uniquely identifies the switch.
Default Value
Zero-length string
Range
Any ASCII string of up to 56 printable characters*
The physical location of the switch.
Default Value
Zero-length string
Range
Any ASCII string of up to 56 printable characters
*. Although this field can be set up to 255 characters from a Network Management Station (NMS), only 56 characters are
displayed on the console terminal.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Switch Configuration
The Switch Configuration Menu (Figure 3-6) allows you to set or modify your
switch configuration.
Switch Configuration Menu
MAC Address Table
VLAN Configuration...
Port Configuration...
Rate Limiting Configuration...
Display Port Statistics
Clear Port Statistics
Return to Main Menu
Use arrow keys to highlight option, press <Return> or <Enter> to select option.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-6.
3-18
Switch Configuration Menu
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-5 describes the Switch Configuration Menu commands.
Table 3-5.
Switch Configuration Menu commands
Command
Description
MAC Address Table
Displays the MAC Address Table screen (see “MAC Address Table” on
page 3-20). This screen allows you to view the MAC addresses that the switch
has learned.
VLAN Configuration...
Displays the VLAN Configuration screen (see “VLAN Configuration” on
page 3-22). This screen allows you to set up VLAN workgroups.
Port Configuration...
Displays the Port Configuration screen (see “Port Configuration” on page 3-28).
This screen allows you to configure a specific switch port or all switch ports.
Rate Limiting
Configuration...
Displays the Rate Limiting Configuration screen (see “Rate Limiting
Configuration” on page 3-30). This screen allows you to limit the forwarding rate
of broadcast and multicast packets.
Display Port Statistics
Displays the Port Statistics screen (see “Port Statistics” on page 3-32). This
screen allows you to view detailed information about any switch port.
Clear Port Statistics
Displays the Clear Port Statistics screen (see “Clear Port Statistics” on
page 3-36). This screen allows you to reset accumulated counters for a specific
switch port or for all switch ports.
Return to Main Menu
Exits the Switch Configuration Menu and displays the main menu.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
MAC Address Table
The MAC Address Table screen (Figure 3-7) allows you to view the MAC
addresses that the switch has learned. You can also use this screen to search for a
specific MAC address.
Note: This screen does not refresh dynamically to show new entries. To
refresh the screen, press [Ctrl]+P or [Ctrl]+N.
MAC Address Table
Aging Time:
Find an Address:
[ 300 seconds ]
[ 00-00-00-00-00-00 ]
00-60-FD-00-03-A8
End of Address Table. Press Ctrl-P to see previous display.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-7.
3-20
MAC Address Table screen
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-6 describes the MAC Address Table screen fields.
Table 3-6.
MAC Address Table screen fields
Field
Description
Aging Time
Specifies how long a learned MAC address remains in the switch’s forwarding
database. If an entry is inactive for a period of time that exceeds the specified aging
time, the address is removed.
Find an Address
893-00992-B
Default Value
300 seconds
Range
10 to 1,000,000 seconds
Allows the user to search for a specific MAC address.
Default Value
00-00-00-00-00-00 (no MAC address assigned)
Range
00-00-00-00-00-00 to FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
VLAN Configuration
The VLAN Configuration screen (Figure 3-8) allows you to configure the
BayStack 350 switch with up to eight virtual LANs (VLANs). The screen
provides a matrix that you use to group the switch ports into logical (virtual)
workgroups. Users in each logical workgroup can share resources but cannot
communicate with users in other logical workgroups.
Figure 3-8 shows the default settings for the VLAN Configuration screen, with all
16 ports configured for VLAN V1.
VLAN Configuration
Port
---1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
V1
----[ X ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ X ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ X ]
[ X ]
V2
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V3
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V4
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V5
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V6
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V7
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V8
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-8.
VLAN Configuration screen
To group switch ports into logical workgroups, select the port numbers under the
VLAN names. To enable a port to be shared by users on different VLANs, select
that port under each VLAN you want users to share.
3-22
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Using the Console Interface
You can create VLANs for one BayStack 350 switch, or you can create VLANs
that span multiple switches. However, each switch that participates in the VLAN
configuration must be configured separately.
You can also assign multiple VLANs to a port connected to a server, which allows
the server to be shared by multiple logical workgroups.
Note: To assign multiple VLANs to two switches, one connection per VLAN
is required between the switches. Do not assign multiple VLANs to
switch-to-switch connections.
“Sample VLAN Configuration” on page 3-24 shows the VLAN Configuration
screens for a VLAN that spans multiple BayStack 350 switches.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Sample VLAN Configuration
Figure 3-9 shows an example of a VLAN configuration that spans multiple
BayStack 350 switches. Each switch (S1, S2, and S3) participates in the VLAN
configuration and is configured individually.
BayStack 350T switch
S2
To
network
center
V1 V2
100 Mb/s
S1
V1 + V2
BayStack 350T switch
BayStack 350T switch
S3
Key
VLAN V1
VLAN V2
VLAN V1 + V2
622EB
Figure 3-9.
3-24
VLAN configuration spanning multiple BayStack 350 switches
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Using the Console Interface
Figure 3-10, Figure 3-11, and Figure 3-12 show the VLAN Configuration screen
settings for switches S1, S2, and S3, respectively.
VLAN Configuration
Port
---1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
V1
----[ X ]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[ X ]
[
]
[ x ]
[
]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[
]
[
]
[ X ]
[ X ]
V2
----[ X ]
[ X ]
[
]
[ x ]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[
]
[ X ]
[
]
[
]
V3
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V4
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V5
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V6
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V7
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V8
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-10.
893-00992-B
VLAN Configuration screen for switch S1
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
VLAN Configuration
Port
---1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
V1
----[ X ]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[ X ]
[ X ]
V2
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V3
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V4
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V5
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V6
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V7
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V8
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-11.
3-26
VLAN Configuration screen for switch S2
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Using the Console Interface
VLAN Configuration
Port
---1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
V1
----[ x ]
[
]
[
]
[ x ]
[ x ]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[ X ]
[
]
V2
----[
]
[ X ]
[ x ]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[ x ]
V3
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V4
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V5
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V6
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V7
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
V8
----[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
[
]
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-12.
893-00992-B
VLAN Configuration screen for switch S3
3-27
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Port Configuration
The Port Configuration screen (Figure 3-13) allows you to configure a specific
switch port or all switch ports. You can set the switch ports to autonegotiate for the
highest available speed of the connected station, or you can set the speed for
selected switch ports.
Note: The BayStack Model 350F Port Configuration screen displays only 14
ports. Ports 13 and 14 are 100BASE-FX fiber optic ports that can be set to
100 Mbs/Half or 100 Mbps/Full. You cannot modify the Auto Negotiation field
for the fiber optic ports.
Port Configuration
Port
---1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
All
Status
-----------[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
Link
---Down
Down
Down
Down
Down
Down
Down
Down
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Auto Negotiation
---------------[ Disabled ]
[ Disabled ]
[ Disabled ]
[ Disabled ]
[ Disabled ]
[ Disabled ]
[ Disabled ]
[ Disabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Disabled ]
Speed Duplex
----------------[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 10Mbs / Half ]
[ 10Mbs / Half ]
[ 10Mbs / Full ]
[ 10Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
[ 100Mbs / Full ]
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-13.
3-28
Port Configuration screen
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-7 describes the Port Configuration screen fields.
Table 3-7.
Port Configuration screen fields
Field
Description
Port
Indicates the switch port numbers, from 1 to 16, that correspond to the field settings
in that row of the screen (for example, the field settings in row 2 apply to switch port
2). Note that settings in the All row (bottom row) apply to all 16 switch ports.
Status
Allows you to disable any of the switch ports. You can use this feature to control
access to any switch port.
Default Value
Enabled
Range
Enabled, Disabled
Link
A read-only field that indicates the present link state of the corresponding port, as
follows:
• Up: The port is connected and operational.
• Down: The port is not connected or is not operational.
Auto Negotiation*
When enabled, sets the corresponding port speed to match the best service provided
by the connected station, up to 100 Mb/s in full-duplex mode.
Speed/Duplex†
Default Value
Enabled
Range
Enabled, Disabled
Allows you to manually configure any port to support an Ethernet speed of 10 or
100 Mb/s, in half- or full-duplex mode.
Range
10 Mbs/Half, 10Mbs/Full, 100Mbs/Half, 100Mbs/Full
*. You cannot modify this field for the BayStack Model 350F switch 100BASE-FX fiber optic ports (ports 13 and 14).
†. The BayStack Model 350F switch 100BASE-FX fiber optic ports (ports 13 and 14) can be set to 100 Mbs/Half or
100 Mbs/Full.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Rate Limiting Configuration
The Rate Limiting Configuration screen (Figure 3-14) allows you to limit the
forwarding rate of broadcast and multicast packets.
You can use this screen to view the percentage of broadcast packets and multicast
packets received, on a per-port basis. When the volume of broadcast and multicast
packets is high (often referred to as a “storm”) and places severe strain on the
network, you can set the forwarding rate of those packet types to not exceed a
specified percentage of the total available bandwidth.
Note: The BayStack Model 350F Rate Limiting Configuration screen displays
only 14 ports.
Rate Limiting Configuration
Port
---1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
All
Packet Type
------------[ Both
]
[ Multicast ]
[ Both
]
[ Both
]
[ Broadcast ]
[ multicast ]
[ Both
]
[ Both
]
[ Broadcast ]
[ Both
]
[ Both
]
[ Both
]
[ Multicast ]
[ Both
]
[ Both
]
[ Both
]
[ Both
]
Limit
-------[ None ]
[ 9% ]
[ None ]
[ 10% ]
[ 10% ]
[ 10% ]
[ 10% ]
[ 5% ]
[ None ]
[ None ]
[ None ]
[ None ]
[ None ]
[ 10% ]
[ None ]
[ None ]
[ None ]
Last 5 Minutes
-------------56.0%
30.0%
25.0%
72.0%
35.0%
96.0%
86.0%
58.0%
11.0%
27.0%
15.0%
12.0%
10.0%
34.0%
22.0%
36.0%
Last Hour
--------22.0%
27.0%
24.0%
53.0%
57.0%
98.0%
85.0%
65.0%
13.0%
21.0%
25.0%
15.0%
19.0%
30.0%
22.0%
34.0%
Last 24 Hours
------------13.0%
12.0%
18.0%
14.0%
12.0%
99.0%
95.0%
72.0%
52.0%
43.0%
23.0%
22.0%
19.0%
23.0%
22.0%
33.0%
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-14.
3-30
Rate Limiting Configuration screen
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-8 describes the Rate Limiting Configuration screen fields.
Table 3-8.
Rate Limiting Configuration screen fields
Field
Description
Port
Indicates the switch port numbers, from 1 to 16, that correspond to the field
settings in that row of the screen (for example, the field settings in row 2 apply to
switch port 2). Note that the settings in the All row (bottom row) apply to all 16
switch ports.
Packet Type
Allows you to select the packet types for rate limiting or viewing.
Limit
Last 5 Minutes
Default Value
Both
Range
Both, Multicast, Broadcast
Sets the percentage of port bandwidth allowed for forwarding the packet types
specified in the Packet Type field. When the threshold is exceeded, any additional
packets (specified in the Packet Type field) are discarded*.
Default Value
None
Range
None, 10%, 9%, 8%, 7%, 6%, 5%, 4%, 3%, 2%, 1%
This read-only field indicates the percentage of packets (of the type specified in
the Packet Type field) received by the port in the last five minutes. This field
provides a running average of network activity and is updated every 15 seconds.
Note that this field indicates the receiving port’s view of network activity,
regardless of the rate limiting setting.
Last Hour
This read-only field indicates the percentage of packets (of the type specified in
the Packet Type field) received by the port in the last hour. This field provides a
running average of network activity and is updated every five minutes.
Note that this field indicates the receiving port’s view of network activity,
regardless of the rate limiting setting.
Last 24 Hours
This read-only field indicates the percentage of packets (of the type specified in
the Packet Type field) received by the port in the last 24 hours. This field provides
a running average of network activity and is updated once every hour.
Note that this field indicates the receiving port’s view of network activity,
regardless of the rate limiting setting.
*. Rate limiting is disabled if this field is set to None. This allows you to select and view the percentage of specific packet
types present in the network, without inadvertently limiting the forwarding rate.
893-00992-B
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Port Statistics
The Port Statistics screen (Figure 3-15) allows you to view detailed information
about a switch port. The screen is divided into two sections (Received and
Transmitted) so that you can compare and evaluate throughput or other port
parameters. All screen data is updated (refreshed) approximately every
two seconds.
You can also reset to zero the port counters displayed in the Port Statistics screen.
To do this, see “Clear Port Statistics” on page 3-36.
Port:
[ 1
]
Port Statistics
Received
Transmitted
------------------------------------------------------------------------Packets:
0
Packets:
497
Multicasts:
0
Multicasts:
497
Broadcasts:
0
Broadcasts:
0
Total Octets:
0
Total Octets:
31808
Lost Packets:
0
Lost Packets:
0
FCS Errors:
0
Collisions:
0
Frame Errors:
0
Single Collisions:
0
Undersized Packets:
0
Multiple Collisions:
0
Oversized Packets:
0
Excessive Collisions:
0
Packets 64 bytes:
0
Packets 64 bytes:
497
65-127 bytes
0
65-127 bytes
0
128-255 bytes
0
128-255 bytes
0
256-511 bytes
0
256-511 bytes
0
512-1023 bytes
0
512-1023 bytes
0
1024-1518 bytes
0
1024-1518 bytes
0
Filtered Packets:
0
Deferred Packets:
0
Flooded Packets:
0
Late Collisions:
0
Use space bar to display choices or enter text.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-15.
3-32
Port Statistics screen
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-9 describes the Port Statistics screen fields.
Note: With the exception of the Port field, all fields in this screen are
read-only.
Table 3-9.
Port Statistics screen fields
Field
Description
Port
Allows you to select the number of the port you want to view.
To view another port, type its port number and press [Enter], or press the space
bar on your keyboard to toggle the port numbers.
Packets
Received column: Indicates the total number of packets received on this port,
including bad packets, broadcast packets, and multicast packets.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of packets transmitted successfully
on this port, including broadcast packets and multicast packets.
Multicasts
Received column: Indicates the total number of good multicast packets received on
this port, excluding broadcast packets.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of multicast packets transmitted
successfully on this port, excluding broadcast packets.
Broadcasts
Received column: Indicates the total number of good broadcast packets received
on this port.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of broadcast packets transmitted
successfully on this port.
Total Octets
Received column: Indicates the total number of octets of data (including data in
bad packets) received on this port, excluding framing bits, but including FCS
octets.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of octets of data transmitted
successfully on this port, including FCS octets.
Lost Packets
Received column: Indicates the total number of packets lost (discarded) when the
capacity of the port receive buffer was exceeded.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of packets lost (discarded) when
the capacity of the port transmit buffer was exceeded.
FCS Errors
Indicates the total number of valid-size packets that were received with proper
framing but discarded because of cyclic redundancy check (CRC) errors.
Frame Errors
Indicates the total number of valid-size packets that were received but discarded
because of CRC errors and improper framing.
893-00992-B
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Table 3-9.
Port Statistics screen fields (continued)
Field
Description
Undersized Packets
Indicates the total number of packets received on this port with less than 64 bytes
and with proper CRC and framing (also known as short frames or runts).
Oversized Packets
Indicates the total number of packets received on this port with greater than 1518
bytes and with proper CRC and framing (also known as oversized frames).
Collisions
Indicates the total number of collisions detected on this port.
Single Collisions
Indicates the total number of packets that were transmitted successfully on this
port after a single collision.
Multiple Collisions
Indicates the total number of packets that were transmitted successfully on this
port after more than one collision.
Excessive Collisions
Indicates the total number of packets lost on this port due to excessive collisions.
Packets 64 bytes
Received column: Indicates the total number of 64-byte packets received on this
port.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of 64-byte packets transmitted
successfully on this port.
65-127 bytes
Received column: Indicates the total number of 65-byte to 127-byte packets
received on this port.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of 65-byte to 127-byte packets
transmitted successfully on this port.
128-255 bytes
Received column: Indicates the total number of 128-byte to 255-byte packets
received on this port.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of 128-byte to 255-byte packets
transmitted successfully on this port.
256-511 bytes
Received column: Indicates the total number of 256-byte to 511-byte packets
received on this port.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of 256-byte to 511-byte packets
transmitted successfully on this port.
512-1023 bytes
Received column: Indicates the total number of 512-byte to 1023-byte packets
received on this port.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of 512-byte to 1023-byte packets
transmitted successfully on this port.
1024-1518 bytes
Received column: Indicates the total number of 1024-byte to 1518-byte packets
received on this port.
Transmitted column: Indicates the total number of 1024-byte to 1518-byte packets
transmitted successfully on this port.
Filtered Packets
3-34
Indicates the number of packets filtered (not forwarded) by this port.
893-00992-B
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-9.
Port Statistics screen fields (continued)
Field
Description
Flooded Packets
Indicates the total number of packets flooded (forwarded) through this port
because the destination address was not in the address database.
Deferred Packets
Indicates the total number of frames that were delayed on the first transmission
attempt, but never incurred a collision.
Late Collisions
Indicates the total number of packet collisions that occurred after a total length of
time that exceeded 512 bit-times of packet transmission.
893-00992-B
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Clear Port Statistics
The Clear Port Statistics screen (Figure 3-16) allows you to reset to zero the port
counters displayed in the Port Statistics screen. You can reset the port counters for
a specific port or for all ports.
Clear Port Statistics
Clear Statistics for Port:
[
1
]
Use space bar to display choices or enter text.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-16.
Clear Port Statistics screen
Table 3-10 describes the Clear Port Statistics screen field.
Table 3-10.
Clear Port Statistics screen field
Field
Description
Clear Statistics for
Port
Allows you to reset the port counters for a specific port or for all ports. If you
choose All, each port counter is reset to zero. See “Port Statistics” on page 3-32
for more information about port statistics.
3-36
Default Value
1
Range
1 through All
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Using the Console Interface
Service Port Configuration
The Service Port Configuration screen (Figure 3-17) allows you to configure and
modify the switch service port parameters.
Service Port Configuration
Service Port Data Bits:
Service Port Parity:
Service Port Stop Bits:
8 Data Bits
No Parity
1 Stop Bit
Console
Console
Console
Console
[
[
[
[
Port Speed:
Password:
Read-Only Password:
Read-Write Password:
9600 Baud ]
Not Required
user ]
secure ]
]
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-17.
Service Port Configuration screen
Table 3-11 describes the Service Port Configuration screen fields.
Table 3-11.
Service Port Configuration screen fields
Field
Description
Service Port Data Bits
A read-only field that indicates the current service port data bit setting.
Service Port Parity
A read-only field that indicates the current service port parity setting.
Service Port Stop Bits
A read-only field that indicates the current service port stop bit setting.
893-00992-B
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Table 3-11.
Service Port Configuration screen fields (continued)
Field
Description
Console Port Speed
Allows you to set the switch service port baud rate to match the baud rate of the
console terminal.
Caution: If you choose a baud rate that does not match your console terminal
baud rate, you will lose communication with the configuration interface when you
press [Enter]. If communication is lost, set your console terminal to match the
new service port setting.
Console Password
Default Value
9600 Baud
Range
2400 Baud, 4800 Baud, 9600 Baud, 19200 Baud, 38400 Baud
Enables password protection for accessing the CI through a TELNET session, a
console terminal, or both.
If you set this field to Required, you can use the Logout command to restrict
access to the CI. Thereafter, you will need to specify the correct password at the
console-terminal prompt. Refer to the Console Read-Only Password and
Console Read-Write Password field descriptions for more information.
Console Read-Only
Password
Console Read-Write
Password
Default Value
Not Required
Range
Not Required, Required for TELNET, Required for Console,
Required for Both
When the Console Password field is set to Required (for TELNET, for Console, or
for Both), this field allows read-only password access to the CI. Users can
access the CI using the correct password (see Default Value below), but cannot
change any parameters or use the Reset command or Reset to Default
command.
Default Value
user
Range
An ASCII string of up to 15 printable characters
When the Console Password field is set to Required (for TELNET, for Console, or
for Both), this field allows read-write password access to the CI. Users can log in
to the CI using the correct password (see Default Value below), and can change
any parameters.
Note that you can change the default passwords for read-only access and
read-write access to a private password.
Caution: If you change the system-supplied default passwords, be sure to
write the new passwords down and keep them in a safe place. If you forget the
new passwords, you cannot access the console interface. In that case, contact
Bay Networks for help.
3-38
Default Value
secure
Range
Any ASCII string of up to 15 printable characters
893-00992-B
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Using the Console Interface
Spanning Tree Configuration
The Spanning Tree Configuration Menu (Figure 3-18) allows you to view
spanning tree parameters and configure individual switch ports to participate in
the spanning tree algorithm (STA). To modify any of the spanning tree
parameters, refer to your SNMP documentation.
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu
Spanning Tree Port Configuration...
Display Spanning Tree Switch Settings
Return to Main Menu
Use arrow keys to highlight option, press <Return> or <Enter> to select option.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-18.
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu
Table 3-12 describes the Spanning Tree Configuration Menu commands.
Table 3-12.
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu commands
Command
Description
Spanning Tree Port Configuration...
Displays the Spanning Tree Port Configuration screen (see
“Spanning Tree Port Configuration” on page 3-40).
Display Spanning Tree Switch Settings Displays the Spanning Tree Switch Settings screen (see “Display
Spanning Tree Switch Settings” on page 3-42).
Return to Main Menu
893-00992-B
Exits the Spanning Tree Configuration Menu and displays the
main menu.
3-39
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Spanning Tree Port Configuration
The Spanning Tree Port Configuration screen (Figure 3-19) allows you to
configure individual switch ports or all switch ports for participation in the STA.
Spanning Tree Port Configuration
Port
---1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
All
Participation
------------[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Disabled ]
[ Enabled ]
[ Enabled ]
Priority
-------128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
Path Cost
--------10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
State
---------Forwarding
Listening
Forwarding
Forwarding
Forwarding
Forwarding
Forwarding
Forwarding
Forwarding
Forwarding
Forwarding
Forwarding
Blocking
Blocking
Forwarding
Blocking
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-19.
3-40
Spanning Tree Port Configuration screen
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-13 describes the Spanning Tree Port Configuration screen fields.
Table 3-13.
Spanning Tree Port Configuration screen fields
Field
Description
Port
Indicates the switch port numbers, from 1 to 16, that correspond to the field settings in
that row of the screen (for example, the field settings in row 2 apply to switch port 2).
Note that the settings in the All row (bottom row) affect all 16 switch ports.
Participation
Priority
Path Cost
Allows you to prevent any (or all) of the switch ports from participating in the STA.
Default Value
Enabled
Range
Enabled, Disabled
This read-only field is a bridge spanning tree parameter that prioritizes the port’s lowest
path cost to the root. When one or more ports have the same path cost, the STA selects
the path with the highest priority (lowest numerical value). See also Path Cost.
Default Value
128
Range
0 to 255
This read-only field is a bridge spanning tree parameter that determines the lowest path
cost to the root.
Default Value
10 or 100
Path Cost = 1000/LAN speed (in Mb/s)
The higher the LAN speed, the lower the path cost.
See also Priority.
Range
State
893-00992-B
1 to 65535
This read-only field indicates the current port state within the spanning tree network.
Each port can transition to various states, as determined by the Participation field
setting. For example, when the Participation field is set to Disabled, the port does not
participate in the STA and transitions to the Forwarding state (the default). When the
Participation field is set to Enabled, the port transitions from the Disabled state through
the Blocking, Listening, and Learning states before entering the Forwarding state.
Default Value
Topology dependent
Range
Disabled, Blocking, Listening, Learning, Forwarding
3-41
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Display Spanning Tree Switch Settings
The Spanning Tree Switch Settings screen (Figure 3-20) allows you to view
spanning tree parameter settings for the BayStack 350 switch.
Spanning Tree Switch Settings
Bridge Priority:
Designated Root:
Root Port:
Root Path Cost:
Hello Time:
Maximum Age Time:
Forward Delay:
Bridge Hello Time:
Bridge Maximum Age Time:
Bridge Forward Delay:
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu.
Figure 3-20.
3-42
8000
80000060FD000090
0
0
2 seconds
20 seconds
15 seconds
2 seconds
20 seconds
15 seconds
Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Spanning Tree Switch Settings screen
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-14 describes the Spanning Tree Switch Settings parameters.
Table 3-14.
Spanning Tree Switch Settings parameters
Parameter
Description
Bridge Priority
Indicates the management-assigned priority value of the bridge ID in hexadecimal
notation, which is the most significant byte of the bridge ID. The STA uses this parameter
to determine the root bridge (or designated bridge). For example, the bridge with the
lowest bridge ID becomes the root bridge, with Bridge Priority values compared first,
followed by the hardware addresses.
Designated
Root
Root Port
Root Path Cost
Hello Time
Default Value
8000
Range
0 to 65535
Indicates the bridge ID of the root bridge, as determined by the STA.
Default Value
8000 (bridge_id)
Range
0 to 65535
Indicates the switch port number that offers the lowest path cost to the root bridge.
Default Value
0
Range
0 to 16
Indicates the path cost from this switch port to the root bridge.
Default Value
0
Range
Not applicable
Indicates the Actual Hello interval (the amount of time between transmissions of
Configuration Bridge PDUs) that the root bridge is currently using.
Note that all bridges participating in the spanning tree network use the root bridge’s Hello
Interval parameter value. See also Bridge Hello Time.
Maximum Age
Time
Default Value
2 seconds
Range
1 to 10 seconds
Indicates the Maximum Age Time parameter value that the root bridge is currently using.
This value specifies the maximum age that a Hello message can attain before it is
discarded.
Note that the root bridge’s Maximum Age Time parameter value becomes the (actual)
Maximum Age Time parameter value for all bridges participating in the spanning tree
network. See also Bridge Maximum Age Time.
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Default Value
20
Range
6 to 40 seconds
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Table 3-14.
Spanning Tree Switch Settings parameters (continued)
Parameter
Description
Forward Delay
Indicates the Forward Delay parameter value that the root bridge is currently using. This
value specifies the amount of time that the bridge ports remain in the Listening and
Learning states before entering the Forwarding state.
Note that the root bridge’s Forward Delay parameter value becomes the (actual) Forward
Delay parameter value for all bridges participating in the spanning tree network. See also
Bridge Forward Delay.
Bridge Hello
Time
Default Value
15
Range
4 to 30 seconds
Indicates the Hello interval (the amount of time between transmissions of Configuration
Bridge PDUs) specified by management for this bridge. This parameter takes effect only
when this bridge becomes the root bridge.
Note that, although you can set the Hello interval for a bridge using bridge management
software, once the spanning tree computation process is complete, all bridges
participating in the spanning tree network use the root bridge’s Hello Interval parameter
value. If any bridge becomes the root bridge, its Hello Interval parameter value becomes
the (actual) Hello Interval parameter value for all bridges participating in the spanning
tree network. See also Hello Time.
Bridge
Maximum Age
Time
Default Value
2
Range
1 to 10 seconds
Specifies the maximum age (in seconds) that a Hello message can attain before it is
discarded. This parameter, set for this bridge by management, takes effect only when
this bridge becomes the root bridge.
Note that, if this bridge becomes the root bridge, its Maximum Age Time parameter value
becomes the (actual) Maximum Age Time parameter value for all bridges participating in
the spanning tree network. See also Maximum Age Time.
Default Value
20
Range
6 to 40 seconds
Bridge Forward Indicates the Forward Delay parameter value specified by management for this bridge.
Delay
This parameter takes effect only when this bridge becomes the root bridge.
The Forward Delay parameter value specifies the amount of time that the bridge ports
remain in the Listening and Learning states before entering the Forwarding state.
Note that all bridges participating in the spanning tree network use the root bridge’s
Forward Delay parameter value. See also Forward Delay.
3-44
Default Value
15
Range
4 to 30 seconds
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Using the Console Interface
TELNET Configuration
The TELNET Configuration screen (Figure 3-21) allows a user at a remote
console terminal to communicate with the BayStack 350 switch as if the console
terminal were directly connected to it. You can have up to four active TELNET
sessions at one time.
TELNET Configuration
TELNET Access:
Login Timeout:
Login Retries:
Inactivity Timeout:
Event Logging:
Allowed Source IP Address
------------------------[ 0.0.0.0 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[
[
[
[
[
Enabled ]
1 minute ]
3 ]
15 minutes ]
All
]
Allowed Source Mask
------------------[ 0.0.0.0 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
[ 255.255.255.255 ]
Use space bar to display choices, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-21.
TELNET Configuration screen
Table 3-15 describes the TELNET Configuration screen fields.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Table 3-15.
Field
TELNET Configuration screen fields
Description
TELNET Access Allows a user remote access to the CI through a TELNET session.
Login Timeout
Login Retries
Inactivity
Timeout
Event Logging
Default Value
Enabled
Range
Enabled, Disabled
Specifies the amount of time a user has to enter the correct password at the
console-terminal prompt.
Default Value
1 minute
Range
0 to 10 minutes (0 indicates “no timeout”)
Specifies the number of times a user can enter an incorrect password at the
console-terminal prompt before terminating the session password prompt.
Default Value
3
Range
1 to 100
Specifies the amount of time the session can be inactive before it is terminated.
Default Value
15 minutes
Range
0 to 60 minutes (0 indicates “no timeout”)
Specifies the types of events that will be displayed in the Event Log screen (see “Display
Event Log” on page 3-51).
Default Value
All
Range
All, None, Accesses, Failures
Description:
All: Logs the following TELNET events to the Event Log screen:
•
TELNET connect: Indicates the IP address and access mode of a
TELNET session.
•
TELNET disconnect: Indicates the IP address of the remote host
and the access mode, due to either a logout or inactivity.
•
Failed TELNET connection attempts: Indicates the IP address of
the remote host whose IP address is not on the list of allowed
addresses, or indicates the IP address of the remote host that did
not supply the correct password.
None: Indicates that no TELNET events will be logged in the Event
Log screen.
Accesses: Logs only TELNET connect and disconnect events in the
Event Log screen.
Failures: Logs only failed TELNET connection attempts in the Event
Log screen.
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-15.
Field
TELNET Configuration screen fields (continued)
Description
Allowed Source Specifies up to 10 user-assigned host IP addresses that are allowed TELNET access to
IP Address
the CI.
Default Value
0.0.0.0 (no IP address assigned)
Range
Four-octet decimal IP address notation, where each octet of the
address is represented as a decimal value, separated by a decimal
point
Allowed Source Specifies up to 10 user-assigned allowed source address masks. The remote IP address
Mask
is masked with the source mask and, if the resulting value equals the source IP address,
the connection is allowed.
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Default Value
0.0.0.0 (no IP mask assigned)
Range
Four-octet decimal IP address notation, where each octet of the
address is represented as a decimal value, separated by a decimal
point
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Software Download
The Software Download screen (Figure 3-22) allows you to revise the BayStack
350 switch software image that is located in nonvolatile flash memory. To
download the BayStack 350 switch software image, a properly configured Trivial
File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server must be present in your network, and the
switch must be configured with an IP address. (See “IP Configuration” on
page 3-9 to learn how to configure the switch IP address.)
You can monitor the software download process by observing the BayStack 350
switch LEDs (see “LED Indications During the Download Process” on
page 3-49).
Caution: Do not interrupt power to the device during the software download
process. If the power is interrupted, the firmware image can become corrupted.
Software Download
Image Filename:
TFTP Server IP Address:
[ b350_100.img ]
[ 192.0.1.12 ]
Start TFTP Load of New Image:
[ Yes ]
The Software Download process has started. Do NOT power down the
switch before the process has completed (approximately 10 minutes).
Enter text, press <Return> or <Enter> to select choice.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-22.
3-48
Software Download screen
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Using the Console Interface
Table 3-16 describes the Software Download screen fields.
Table 3-16.
Field
Software Download screen fields
Description
Image Filename The software image load file name.
TFTP Server IP
Address
Start TFTP
Load of New
Image
Default Value
Zero-length string
Range
An ASCII string of up to 30 printable characters
The IP address of your TFTP load host.
Default Value
0.0.0.0 (no IP address assigned)
Range
Four-octet decimal IP address notation, where each octet of the
address is represented as a decimal value, separated by a decimal
point
Specifies whether to start the download of the switch software image (default is No).
Use the space bar to toggle the selection to Yes.
Press [Return] to initiate the software download process.
Note: The software download process can take up to 60 seconds to complete (or more
if the load host path is congested or there is a high volume of network traffic).
To ensure that the download process is not interrupted, do not power down the switch for
approximately 10 minutes.
Default Value
No
Range
Yes, No
LED Indications During the Download Process
The software download process is automated so that once initiated, it runs to
completion without user intervention. The download process erases the contents
of flash memory and replaces it with a new image; therefore, it is important that
the download process not be interrupted once initiated. When the download
process is complete, the switch is reset automatically and the new software image
initiates a self-test. The self-test results are displayed briefly in the BayStack 350
switch Self-Test screen, which is followed by the CI screens.
During the download process, the BayStack 350 switch is nonfunctional. You can
monitor the progress of the download process by observing the BayStack 350
switch LED indications.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Table 3-17 describes the LED indications during the software download process.
Note: Table 3-17 describes the LED indications displayed by the BayStack
Model 350T (16 port) switch. The BayStack Model 350F (14 port) switch
LED indications are similar, but the LED patterns correspond to port numbers
1 through 14 only.
Table 3-17.
LED indications during the software download process
Phase
Description
LED Indications
1
The new software
image is being
downloaded to
the switch.
100 Mb/s port status LEDs (ports 11 through 16 only): The LEDs begin to
turn on (green) from right to left, beginning with port 16. The LED pattern
indicates the progress of the download process. When LEDs 11 through
16 are all on, this indicates that the switch has received the new software
image successfully.
2
The switch flash
memory is being
erased.
10 Mb/s port status LEDs (ports 1 through 9 only): The LEDs begin to turn
on (yellow) from left to right, beginning with port 1. The LED pattern
indicates that various sectors of the switch flash memory are being erased.
When LEDs 1 through 9 are all on, the switch flash memory is erased.
3
The new software
image is being
programmed into the
switch flash memory.
100 Mb/s port status LEDs (ports 1 through 8 only): The LEDs begin to
turn on (green) from left to right, beginning with port 1. The LED pattern
indicates that the new software image is being programmed into the switch
flash memory. After LEDs 1 through 8 are all on, LEDs 9 through 16 turn
on, indicating that the new software image has been programmed
successfully into the switch flash memory.
4
The switch is reset
automatically.
The reset can take up to 20 seconds to complete. Once the reset is
complete, the new software image initiates the switch self-test that
comprises various diagnostic routines and subtests.
The LEDs display various patterns to indicate that the subtests are in
progress. The results of the self-test are displayed briefly in the switch
Self-Test screen, which is followed by the CI screens.
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Using the Console Interface
Display Event Log
The Event Log screen (Figure 3-23) provides information about the following
topics:
•
Software download: Indicates the new software version.
•
Authentication failure: Indicates any attempted SNMP get or set access that
used an invalid community string.
•
TELNET session status: Indicates various TELNET events. (For details on
configuring this facility, see “TELNET Configuration” on page 3-45.)
•
Operational exception: Indicates that the microprocessor has received an
exception at the specified vector number.
Note: This screen does not refresh dynamically to show new entries. To
refresh the screen, press [Ctrl]+P.
Event Log
Entry Number: 4
sysUpTime: 00:14:36
Reset Count: 2
Connection logout, IP address: 38.227.40.8, access mode: no security.
Entry Number: 3
sysUpTime: 00:13:35
Reset Count: 2
Connection logout, IP address: 38.227.40.8, access mode: no security.
Entry Number: 2
sysUpTime: 00:00:53
Reset Count: 2
Successful connection from IP address: 38.227.40.8, access mode: no security.
Entry Number: 1
sysUpTime: 00:00:00
Reset Count: 1
Software downloaded to BayStack Model 350T HW:RevC FW:V1.00 SW:V1.00.
Press Ctrl-P to see previous display. Press Ctrl-N to see more entries.
Press Ctrl-R to return to previous menu. Press Ctrl-C to return to Main Menu.
Figure 3-23.
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Event Log screen
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Excessive Bad Entries
If the firmware detects excessive errors in the event log’s flash memory (errors
exceeding 75 percent of the memory buffer), the event log is cleared (that is, all
entries are discarded) and an event entry is displayed in the Event Log screen.
Figure 3-24 shows an example of the event log entry for this type of event.
Entry Number: 4
sysUpTime: 00:20:53
Excessive bad entries in log, Event Log cleared.
Figure 3-24.
Reset Count:
2
Sample event log entry showing excessive errors
Write Threshold
To extend the lifetime of the event log’s flash memory, a write threshold is set for
each event entered in the event log’s flash memory. The write threshold is 20
entries for each event. If any event exceeds the write threshold, an event entry is
displayed in the Event Log screen.
Figure 3-25 shows an example of the event log entry for this type of event.
Entry Number: 3
sysUpTime: 00:38:53
Reset Count: 2
The last event exceeded the write threshold. Further write attempts
by this event are blocked. The write threshold will be cleared when
the switch is reset or when the Event Log is compressed.
Figure 3-25.
Sample event log event exceeding the write threshold
The write threshold is reset when either of the following occurs:
•
•
3-52
The BayStack 350 switch is reset.
The firmware determines that compression is required for maintenance of the
event log’s flash memory.
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Using the Console Interface
Reset
The Reset command allows you to reset the switch without erasing any configured
switch parameters.
Resetting the switch takes approximately five seconds to complete. During this
time, the switch initiates a self-test that comprises various diagnostic routines and
subtests.
The results of the self-test are displayed briefly in the BayStack 350 switch
Self-Test screen (Figure 3-26), which is followed by the CI screens.
BayStack Model 350T Self-Test
ASIC addressing test
ASIC buffer RAM test
Physical layer test
Port internal loopback test
...
...
...
...
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Self-test complete.
Figure 3-26.
Self-Test screen after resetting the switch
Note: The Self-Test screen remains displayed only if the self-test detects a
fatal error.
The switch LEDs also display various patterns to indicate that the subtests are in
progress.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Reset to Default Settings
The Reset to Default Settings command allows you to reset the switch and replace
all configured switch parameters with the factory default settings. For a list of
factory default settings, refer to Appendix C, “Switch Default Settings.”
Caution: If you choose this command, all of your configured settings will be
replaced with factory default settings when you press [Enter].
The Reset to Default command takes approximately five seconds to complete.
During this time, the switch initiates a self-test that comprises various diagnostic
routines and subtests. The results of the self-test are displayed briefly in the
BayStack 350 switch Self-Test screen (Figure 3-27), which is followed by the CI
screens.
BayStack Model 350T Self-Test
ASIC addressing test
ASIC buffer RAM test
Physical layer test
Port internal loopback test
...
...
...
...
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Self-test complete.
Figure 3-27.
Self-Test screen after resetting the switch to default settings
Note: The Self-Test screen remains displayed only if the self-test detects a
fatal error.
The switch LEDs also display various patterns to indicate that the subtests are in
progress.
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Using the Console Interface
Logout
The Logout command allows a user working at a password-protected console
terminal or in an active TELNET session to terminate the session.
The Logout command works as follows:
•
If the user is accessing the BayStack 350 switch through a TELNET session,
the Logout command terminates the session.
•
If the user is accessing the BayStack 350 switch through a password-protected
console (a terminal connected to the service port of the switch), the Logout
command displays the console-terminal prompt (Figure 3-28). The user must
enter the correct password to access the CI.
BayStack Model 350T HW:RevC
Password:
FW:V1.00 SW:V1.00
[ *************** ]
Enter Password:
Figure 3-28.
Password prompt screen
You can specify whether a password is required for the TELNET session or the
console terminal using the Service Port Configuration screen (see “Service Port
Configuration” on page 3-37).
If the console terminal is not password protected, the system ignores the Logout
command.
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Chapter 4
Troubleshooting
Overview
This chapter explains how to isolate and diagnose problems with your BayStack
350 10/100 Autosense Switch.
Warning: To avoid bodily injury from hazardous electrical current, never
remove the top cover of the device. There are no user-serviceable components
inside.
This chapter is organized to help lead you through a logical process for
troubleshooting your BayStack 350 switch. For example, because the LEDs
provide visual indications of problems, the section “LED Indications” helps you
to understand the various states that each LED can exhibit during operation.
If you need more help in determining the problem, the section “Diagnosing and
Correcting the Problem” on page 4-4 provides a table that lists symptoms and
corrective actions you can perform to resolve specific problems. Subsequent
sections provide step-by-step procedures for correcting specific problems listed in
the table.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
LED Indications
The BayStack 350 switch LEDs are located on the front panel (see Figure 4-1).
1
3
4
5
13 14
1
13
2
11
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12
100
100
12
10
14
F Dx
Power
6
F Dx
Activity
Diagnostics
Activity
350F
10/100 Autosense Switch
7
2
BayStack Model 350F front panel
1
4
5
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
15
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
10
F Dx
Power
6
F Dx
Activity
Diagnostics
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
100
100
16
Activity
350T
10/100 Autosense Switch
7
2
BayStack Model 350T front panel
7470EA
Figure 4-1.
LED locations
Table 4-1 describes the BayStack 350 switch LEDs, as numbered in Figure 4-1.
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Troubleshooting
Table 4-1.
LED indications
Item Icon/Label
Description
1
Power LED (green)
Power
On: DC power is available to the switch’s internal circuitry.
2
Diagnostics
Diagnostics LED (green)
On: The switch passes the self-test.
Blinking: A nonfatal error occurs during the self-test.
Off: The switch fails the self-test.
3
13 and 14
100BASE-FX port status LEDs, ports 13 and 14 (Model 350F only)
4
100
100BASE-FX/TX port status LEDs (green): ports 1 through 14 (ports 1 through 16
for Model 350T):
On: The corresponding port is set to operate at 100 Mb/s.
Off: The link connection is bad, or there is no connection to this port.
Blinking: The corresponding port is management disabled.
5
10*
10BASE-T port status LEDs (yellow): ports 1 through 12 (ports 1 through 16 for
Model 350T):
On: The corresponding port is set to operate at 10 Mb/s.
Off: The link connection is bad, or there is no connection to this port.
Blinking: The corresponding port is management disabled.
6
FDX
Full-duplex port status LEDs (green): ports 1 through 14 (ports 1 through 16 for
Model 350T):
On: The corresponding port is in full-duplex mode.
Off: The corresponding port is in half-duplex mode.
7
Activity
Port activity LEDs (green): ports 1 through 14 (ports 1 through 16 for Model 350T):
Blinking: Indicates the network activity level for the corresponding
port. A high level of network activity can cause the LEDs to appear to
be on continuously.
*. Not available on the BayStack Model 350F fiber optic ports 13 and 14.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Diagnosing and Correcting the Problem
Before you perform the problem-solving steps in this section, cycle the power to
the BayStack 350 switch (disconnect and then reconnect the AC power cord);
then, verify that the switch follows the normal power-up sequence.
Normal Power-up Sequence
When power is applied to the BayStack 350 switch, the LEDs display in the
following sequence:
Table 4-2.
1.
After power is applied to the switch, the Power LED turns on within five
seconds.
2.
The switch initiates a self-test, during which the port LEDs display various
patterns to indicate the progress of the self-test.
3.
Upon successful completion of the self-test (within 10 seconds after power is
applied), the Diagnostics LED turns on.
4.
The remaining port LEDs indicate their operational status as described in
Table 4-2.
Corrective actions
Symptom
Probable Cause
Corrective Action
All LEDs are off.
The switch is not receiving AC Verify that the AC power cord is fastened
power.
securely at both ends and that power is available
at the AC outlet.
The fans are not operating or Verify that there is sufficient space for adequate
the airflow is blocked, causing airflow on both sides of the switch.
the unit to overheat.
Note: Operating temperature for the switch must
not exceed 40°C (104°F). The switch should not
be placed in the direct sunlight or near warm air
exhausts or heaters.
The Activity LED for a
connected port is off or
does not blink (and you
have reason to believe
that traffic is present).
4-4
The switch is experiencing a
port connection problem.
See “Port Connection Problems” on page 4-5.
The switch link partner is not
autonegotiating properly.
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Troubleshooting
Table 4-2.
Corrective actions
Symptom
Probable Cause
Corrective Action
Diagnostics LED is off.
A fatal error was detected by
the self-test.
Cycle the power to the switch (disconnect and
then reconnect the AC power cord).
If the problem persists, replace the switch.
Diagnostics LED is
blinking.
A nonfatal error occurred
during the self-test.
Cycle the power to the switch (disconnect and
then reconnect the AC power cord).
If the problem persists, contact the Bay Networks
Technical Solutions Center.
Port Connection Problems
Port connection problems can usually be traced to a poor cable connection or an
improper connection of the port cables at either end of the link. These types of
problems can be remedied by making sure that the cable connections are secure
and that the cables are connected to the correct ports at both ends of the link.
Other problems can be traced to the port interface or the autonegotiation mode.
Port Interface
Ensure that the devices are connected using the appropriate crossover or
straight-through cable (see Appendix B, “Connectors and Pin Assignments”).
Autonegotiation Modes
Port connection problems can occur when a port is connected to a station that is
not operating in a compatible mode (for example, connecting a full-duplex port to
a half-duplex port). The BayStack 350 switch negotiates port speeds according to
the IEEE 802.3u autonegotiating standard. The switch adjusts (autonegotiates) its
port speed and duplex mode to match the best service provided by the connected
station, up to 100 Mb/s in full-duplex mode.
•
893-00992-B
If the connected station uses a form of autonegotiation that is not compatible
with the IEEE 802.3u autonegotiating standard, the connected stations cannot
negotiate a compatible mode for correct operation.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
•
If the autonegotiation feature is not present or is not enabled, at the connected
station, the BayStack 350 switch may not be able to determine the correct
duplex mode.
In both situations, the BayStack 350 switch “autosenses” the speed of the
connected port and, by default, reverts to half-duplex mode. If the connected
station is operating in full-duplex mode, it cannot communicate with the switch.
To correct this type of “mode mismatch” problem, follow these steps:
1.
Use the Port Configuration screen to disable autonegotiation for the
suspect port (see “Port Configuration” in Chapter 3).
2.
Manually set the Speed/Duplex field to match the speed/duplex mode of
the connected station (see Table 3-7 in Chapter 3).
You may have to try several settings before you find the correct speed/duplex
mode of the connected station.
If the problem persists, follow these additional steps:
1.
Disable the autonegotiation feature at the connected station.
2.
Manually set the speed/duplex mode of the connected station to the same
speed/duplex mode you have manually set for the BayStack 350 switch
port.
Note: Bay Networks recommends that you manually set the BayStack 350
switch port to the desired speed/duplex mode when connecting to any of the
following Bay Networks products:
• Bay Networks 28000 product family
• Bay Networks 58000 product family
• BayStack Model 302T Switch (100 Mb/s port)
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Appendix A
Technical Specifications
This appendix lists the technical specifications for the BayStack 350 10/100
Autosense Switch.
Environmental
Temperature:
Humidity:
Altitude:
Operating:
0o to 40oC (32o to 104oF)
Storage:
-25° to 70°C (-13° to 158°F)
Operating:
85% maximum relative humidity, noncondensing
Storage:
95% maximum relative humidity, noncondensing
Operating:
3024 m (10,000 ft)
Storage:
3024 m (10,000 ft)
Electrical
Input Voltage:
90 to 250 VAC @ 47 to 63 Hz
Power Consumption:
100 W maximum
Physical Dimensions
893-00992-B
Height:
4.33 cm (1.72 in.)
Width:
44.60 cm (17.7 in.)
Depth:
30.48 cm (12.0 in.)
Weight:
4.31 kg (9.5 lb)
A-1
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Performance Specifications
Frame Forward Rate
(64-byte packets):
1.6 million packets per second (pps) maximum, learned
unicast traffic
Port Forwarding/Filtering
Performance (64-byte
packets) Rx:
For 10 Mb/s: 14,880 pps maximum
Address Database Size:
8,000 entries
Addressing:
48-bit MAC address
Frame Length:
64 to 1518 bytes
For 100 Mb/s: 148,810 pps maximum
Network Protocol and Standards Compatibility
•
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T (ISO/IEC 8802-3, Clause 14)
•
IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX (ISO/IEC 8802-3, Clause 25)
•
10 Mb/s Manchester encoded or 100 Mb/s 4B/5B encoded
Data Rate
Interface Options
•
RJ-45 (8-pin modular) connectors for MDI-X interface
•
BayStack Model 350F has 100BASE-FX SC connectors for supporting switched 100
Mb/s Fast Ethernet connections over 50/125 and 62.5/125 micron multimode fiber
optic cable
Safety Agency Certification
A-2
•
UL Listed (UL 1950)
•
IEC 950/EN60950
•
C22.2 No. 950 (cUL)
•
UL-94-V1 flammability requirements for PC board
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Technical Specifications
Electromagnetic Emissions
•
FCC Part 15, Subpart B, Class A
•
EN55022 (CISPR 22: 1985), Class A
•
VCCI Class 1 ITE
•
Australian AS 3548
Electromagnetic Susceptibility
EN50082-1
893-00992-B
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Declaration of Conformity
The following Declaration of Conformity for the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense
Switch complies with ISO/IEC Guide 22 and EN45014. The declaration identifies
the product, the Bay Networks name and address, and the applicable
specifications recognized by the European community.
A-4
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Appendix B
Connectors and Pin Assignments
This appendix describes the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch port
connectors and pin assignments.
RJ-45 (10BASE-T/100BASE-TX) Port Connectors
The RJ-45 port connectors (Figure B-1) are wired as MDI-X ports to connect end
stations without using crossover cables. (Refer to “MDI and MDI-X Devices” on
page B-2 for information about MDI-X ports.) For 10BASE-T connections, use
Category 3 (or higher) UTP cable. For 100BASE-TX connections, use only
Category 5 UTP cable.
1
8
616EA
Figure B-1.
893-00992-B
RJ-45 (8-pin modular) port connector
B-1
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Table B-1 lists the RJ-45 (8-pin modular) port connector pin assignments.
Table B-1.
RJ-45 port connector pin assignments
Pin
Signal
Description
1
RX+
Receive Data +
2
RX-
Receive Data -
3
TX+
Transmit Data +
4
Not applicable
Not applicable
5
Not applicable
Not applicable
6
TX-
Transmit Data -
7
Not applicable
Not applicable
8
Not applicable
Not applicable
MDI and MDI-X Devices
Media Dependent Interface (MDI) is the IEEE standard for the interface to
unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable.
In order for two devices to communicate, the transmitter of one device must
connect to the receiver of the other device. The connection is established through
a crossover function, which can be a crossover cable or a port that implements the
crossover function internally.
Ports that implement the crossover function internally are known as MDI-X ports,
where X refers to the crossover function.
Note: For the transmitter of one device to connect to the receiver of another
device, the total number of crossovers must always be an odd number.
The following sections describe the use of straight-through and crossover cables
for connecting MDI and MDI-X devices.
B-2
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Connectors and Pin Assignments
MDI-X to MDI Cable Connections
BayStack 350 switches use MDI-X ports that allow you to connect directly to end
stations without using crossover cables (Figure B-2).
BayStack 350 switch
1
8
T
R
End station
8
1
8
1
1
8
1 RX+
1
1
TX+
1
2 RX-
2
2
TX-
2
3 TX+
3
3
RX+
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
6 TX-
6
6
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
MDI-X port
Straight-through cable
RX-
T
R
6
MDI port
617EA
Figure B-2.
893-00992-B
MDI-X to MDI cable connections
B-3
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
MDI-X to MDI-X Cable Connections
If you are connecting the BayStack 350 switch to a device that also implements
MDI-X ports, use a crossover cable (Figure B-3).
BayStack 350 switch
1
8
T
R
8
1
8
Switch or hub
8
1
1
1 RX+
1
1
RX+
1
2 RX-
2
2
RX-
2
3 TX+
3
3
TX+
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
6 TX-
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
MDI-X port
8
Crossover cable
TX-
T
R
6
7
8
MDI-X port
618EA
Figure B-3.
B-4
MDI-X to MDI-X cable connections
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Connectors and Pin Assignments
DB-9 (RS-232-D) Service Port Connector
The DB-9 service port connector (Figure B-4) is configured as a data
communications equipment (DCE) device connector. The DSR and CTS signal
outputs are always asserted; the CD, DTR, RTS, and RI signal inputs are not used.
This configuration enables a management station (a PC or terminal) to connect
directly to the switch using a straight-through cable.
1
5
6
9
619EA
Figure B-4.
DB-9 service port connector
Table B-2 lists the DB-9 service port connector pin assignments.
Table B-2.
Pin
Signal
Description
1
CD
Carrier detect (not used)
2
TXD
Transmit data (output)
3
RXD
Receive data (input)
4
DTR
Data terminal ready (not used)
5
GND
Signal ground
6
DSR
Data set ready (output always asserted)
7
RTS
Request to send (not used)
8
CTS
Clear to send (output always asserted)
9
RI
Ring indicator (not used)
Shell
893-00992-B
DB-9 service port connector pin assignments
Chassis ground
B-5
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
100BASE-FX Fiber Optic Port Connectors
The BayStack 350F switch provides two duplex SC connectors for supporting
switched 100 Mb/s Fast Ethernet connections over 50/125 and 62.5/125 micron
multimode fiber optic cable.
Warning: Fiber optic equipment can emit laser or infrared light that can injure
your eyes. Never look into an optical fiber or connector port. Always assume
that fiber optic cables are connected to a light source.
Figure B-5 shows a 100BASE-FX multimode fiber optic port connector and its
pin assignments.
Tx
Rx
997EA
Figure B-5.
B-6
100BASE-FX multimode fiber optic port connector
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Appendix C
Switch Default Settings
Table C-1 lists the factory default settings for the BayStack 350 switch.
Table C-1.
Factory default settings for the BayStack 350 switch
Field
Default Setting
Appears in This CI Screen
BootP Request Mode
BootP When Needed
IP Configuration
In-Band IP Address
0.0.0.0 (no IP address assigned)
In-Band Subnet Mask
0.0.0.0 (no subnet mask assigned)
Default Gateway
0.0.0.0 (no IP address assigned)
Read-Only Community String
public
Read-Write Community String
private
Trap IP Address
0.0.0.0 (no IP address assigned)
Community String
Zero-length string
Authentication Trap
Enabled
sysContact
Zero-length string
sysName
Zero-length string
sysLocation
Zero-length string
Aging Time
300 seconds
Find an Address
00-00-00-00-00-00
(no MAC address assigned)
V1 through V8
All ports configured in VLAN V1
VLAN Configuration
Status
Enabled for all ports
Port Configuration
Auto Negotiation
Enabled for all ports*
893-00992-B
SNMP Configuration
System Characteristics
MAC Address Table
C-1
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
Table C-1.
Factory default settings for the BayStack 350 switch (continued)
Field
Default Setting
Appears in This CI Screen
Packet Type
Both
Rate Limiting Configuration
Limit
None
Port
1
Port Statistics
Clear Statistics for Port
1
Clear Port Statistics
Console Port Speed
9600 Baud
Service Port Configuration
Console Password
Not Required
Console Read-Only Password
user
Console Read-Write Password
secure
Participation
Enabled
Spanning Tree Port
Configuration
TELNET Access
Enabled
TELNET Configuration
Login Timeout
1 minute
Login Retries
3
Inactivity Timeout
15 minutes
Event Logging
All
Allowed Source IP Address
(10 user-configurable fields)
First field: 0.0.0.0
(no IP address assigned)
Remaining nine fields: 255.255.255.255
(any address is allowed)
Allowed Source Mask
(10 user-configurable fields)
First field: 0.0.0.0
(no IP address assigned)
Remaining nine fields: 255.255.255.255
(any address is allowed)
Image Filename
Zero-length string
TFTP Server IP Address
0.0.0.0 (no IP address assigned)
Start TFTP Load of New Image
No
Software Download
*. This field is not available for the BayStack 350F switch 100BASE-FX fiber optic ports (ports 13 and 14).
C-2
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Appendix D
Sample BootP Configuration File
This appendix provides a sample BootP configuration file. The BootP server
searches for this file, called bootptab (or BOOTPTAB.TXT, depending on your
operating system), which contains the site-specific information (including IP
addresses) needed to perform the software download and configuration. You can
modify this sample BootP configuration file or create one of your own.
A sample BootP configuration file follows:
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
The following is a sample of a BootP configuration file that was extracted from
a Bay Networks EZ LAN network management application. Note that other BootP daemons
can use a configuration file with a different format.
Before using your switch BootP facility, you must customize your BootP configuration
file with the appropriate data.
Blank lines and lines beginning with '#' are ignored.
Legend:
EZ
EZ
EZ
first field
ht
ha
tc
ip
hd
bf
dt
fv
av
-----------
hostname
hardware type
host hardware address
template host (points to similar host entry)
host IP address
bootfile home directory
bootfile
device type
firmware version
agent version
Fields are separated with a pipe (|) symbol. Forward slashes (/) are required
to indicate that an entry is continued to the next line.
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Using the BayStack 350 10/100 Autosense Switch
# Caution
#
#
Omitting a Forward slash (/) when the entry is continued to the next line,
#
can cause the interruption of the booting process or the incorrect image file
#
to download. Always include forward slashes where needed.
#
# Important Note:
#
#
If a leading zero (0) is used in the IP address it is calculated
#
as an octal number. If the leading character is "x" (upper- or lower-case),
#
it is calculated as a hexadecimal number. For example, if an IP address
#
with a base 10 number of 45 is written as .045 in the BOOTPTAB.TXT file, the
#
Bootp protocol assigns .037 to the client.
#
# Global entries are defined that specify the parameters used by every device.
# Note that hardware type (ht) is specified first in the global entry.
#
# The following global entry is defined for an Ethernet device. Note that this is where
# a client's subnet mask (sm) and default gateway (gw) are defined.
#
global1|/
|ht=ethernet|/
|hd=c:\opt\images|/
|sm=255.255.255.0|/
|gw=192.0.1.0|
#
# The following sample entry describes a BootP client:
bay1|ht=ethernet|ha=0060fd000000|ip=192.0.0.1|hd=c:\ezlan\images|bf=b350_100.img
# Where:
#
host name:
#
hardware type:
#
MAC address:
#
IP address:
#
home directory of boot file:
#
boot file:
D-2
bay1
Ethernet
00-60-FD-00-00-00
192.0.0.1
c:\ezlan\images
b350_100.img
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Index
A
Activity LEDs, 1-3
Aging Time field, 3-21
Allowed Source IP Address field, 3-47
Allowed Source Mask field, 3-47
Authentication Trap field, 3-15
Auto Negotiation field, 3-29
autonegotiation modes
description, 1-5
troubleshooting, 4-5
B
bandwidth, mixing, 1-8
Bay Networks Press, xvii
Bay Networks World Wide Web page, xix
BayStack 350 switch Self-Test screen
after Reset command, 3-53
after Reset to Default command, 3-54
during download process, 3-49
BootP
Always setting, 3-12
automatic IP configuration, 1-6
BOOTPTAB.TXT file, D-1
choosing a request mode, 3-11
Disabled setting, 3-12
Last Address setting, 3-13
sample configuration file, D-1
server, 2-4
setting IP address with, 1-7
When Needed setting, 3-11
BootP Request Mode field, 3-10
Bootstrap Protocol. See BootP
893-00992-B
Bridge Forward Delay field, 3-44
Bridge Hello Time field, 3-44
Bridge Maximum Age Time field, 3-44
Bridge Priority field, 3-43
Broadcasts field, 3-33
C
CI. See console interface
Clear Port Statistics command, 3-19
Clear Port Statistics screen, 3-36
Clear Statistics for Port field, 3-36
Collisions field, 3-34
commands
Clear Port Statistics, 3-19
Display Event Log, 3-7
Display Port Statistics, 3-19
Display Spanning Tree Switch Settings, 3-39
IP Configuration, 3-7
Logout, 3-8
MAC Address Table, 3-19
Port Configuration, 3-19
Rate Limiting Configuration, 3-19
Reset to Default Settings, 3-8
Service Port Configuration, 3-7
SNMP Configuration, 3-7
Software Download, 3-7
Spanning Tree Configuration, 3-7
Spanning Tree Port Configuration, 3-39
Switch Configuration, 3-7
System Characteristics, 3-7
TELNET Configuration, 3-7
VLAN Configuration, 3-19
Index-1
350fbk.book Page 2 Wednesday, July 9, 1997 4:51 PM
Community String field, 3-15
components of BayStack 350 switch, 1-2
Configurable field, 3-10
connectors, 1-3, B-1
console interface (CI)
access options, 3-1
description, 3-1
main menu, 3-6
menus, accessing, 3-3
menus, using, 3-4
Console Password field, 3-38
Console Port Speed field, 3-38
Console Read-Only Password field, 3-38
Console Read-Write Password field, 3-38
console terminal
allowed types, 1-13, 1-14, 2-3, 3-2
configuration parameters, 3-3
cooling fans, 1-4
crossover cable, B-4
customer support
programs, xviii
Technical Solutions Center, xviii
D
DB-9 service port connector, B-5
Declaration of Conformity, A-4
Default Gateway field, 3-10
default settings, C-1
Deferred Packets field, 3-35
Designated Root field, 3-43
Diagnostics LED, 1-3, 2-15, 4-3
Display Event Log command, 3-7
Display Port Statistics command, 3-19
Display Spanning Tree Switch Settings
command, 3-39
Index-2
E
Event Log screen, 3-51
authentication failure, 3-51
event log flash memory, 3-52
excessive bad entries, 3-52
operational exception, 3-51
software download, 3-51
TELNET session status, 3-51
write threshold, 3-52
Event Logging field, 3-46
Excessive Collisions field, 3-34
EZ LAN, 2-4
F
FCS Errors field, 3-33
FDX LEDs, 1-3
features of BayStack 350 switch, 1-4 to 1-10
Filtered Packets field, 3-34
Find an Address field, 3-21
flash memory for software image upgrades, 1-6
Flooded Packets field, 3-35
Forward Delay field, 3-44
forwarding rate (packets per second), 1-4
Frame Errors field, 3-33
H
Hello Time field, 3-43
I
IEEE 802.3u-compliant autonegotiation, 1-5
Image Filename field, 3-49
In Use field, 3-10
Inactivity Timeout field, 3-46
In-Band IP Address field, 3-10
In-Band Subnet Mask field, 3-10
installation
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console terminal, 2-3
environmental specifications, 2-4
installation flowchart, 1-12
LED verification, 2-15
mounting brackets, 2-3
network cable preparation, 2-3
package contents, 2-2
Quick Start, 1-12
rack mounting, 2-10
required servers, 2-4
required tools, 2-1
software requirements, 2-4
surface mounting, 2-5
tabletop or shelf mounting, 2-7
verifying, 2-15
wall mounting, 2-8
IP address, automatic configuration, 1-6
IP Configuration command, 3-7
IP Configuration screen, 1-14, 3-9
L
Last BootP field, 3-10
Last Reset Type field, 3-17
Late Collisions field, 3-35
learning rate, addresses per second, 1-4
LEDs
indications during download process, 3-50
status monitors, 1-6
verifying installation with, 2-15
Link field, 3-29
Login Retries field, 3-46
Login Timeout field, 3-46
Logout command, 3-8, 3-55
logout, password protected, 3-55
Lost Packets field, 3-33
MAC Address Table screen, 3-20
MAC address, learning IP address, 1-6
main menu, 3-6
Management Information Base (MIB), 1-5
manufacturing label, 1-3
Maximum Age Time field, 3-43
MDI-X to MDI cable connections, B-3
MDI-X to MDI-X cable connections, B-4
MIB. See Management Information Base
modem requirements, 3-2
mounting brackets, installing, 2-6
Multicasts field, 3-33
Multiple Collisions field, 3-34
N
network configuration
desktop/segment diagram, 1-9
power workgroup diagram, 1-8
virtual LANs diagram, 1-10
network interface card (NIC)
connecting to, 2-12
network management, 1-6
Bay Networks applications, 2-4
SNMP, 1-14
through the service port, 1-13
network protocol/standards compatibility, A-2
NIC. See network interface card
O
Optivity, 2-4
out-of-band management, modem requirements,
3-2
Oversized Packets field, 3-34
M
P
MAC Address field, 3-17
MAC Address Table command, 3-19
Packets field, 3-33
893-00992-B
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Participation field, 3-41
password prompt screen, 3-55
Path Cost field, 3-41
pin assignments, B-1
port cables, connecting, 2-12
Port Configuration command, 3-19
Port Configuration screen, 3-28
port connections, troubleshooting, 4-5
port connector LEDs, 1-3
Port field, 3-29, 3-33, 3-41
Port Statistics screen, 3-32
port status LEDs, 2-15
ports
IEEE 802.3u-compliant autonegotiation, 1-5
modes, 1-5
Power LED, 2-15
power, connecting, 2-14
power-up sequence, 4-4
Priority field, 3-41
publications, ordering, xvii
Q
Quick Start procedures, 1-11
R
Rate limiting, 1-4
broadcast and multicast storms, 3-30
configuration, 3-30
Rate Limiting Configuration command, 3-19
Rate Limiting Configuration screen, 3-30
Read-Only Community String field, 3-15
Read-Write Community String field, 3-15
remote access, connecting a modem, 3-2
remote monitoring (RMON), 1-5
request mode, choosing, 3-11
Reset command, 3-7, 3-53
Index-4
Reset Count field, 3-17
Reset to Default Settings command, 3-8, 3-54
RJ-45 port connector
illustration, B-1
pin assignments, B-2
RMON. See remote monitoring
Root Path Cost field, 3-43
Root Port field, 3-43
S
safety alert messages, xxi
serial port connector, 1-3
servers
BootP, 2-4
TFTP, 2-4
service port
requirements for, 3-2
using to manage the switch, 1-13
Service Port Configuration command, 3-7
Service Port Configuration screen, 3-37
service port connector
illustration, B-5
pin assignments, B-5
Service Port Data Bits field, 3-37
Service Port Parity field, 3-37
Service Port Stop Bits field, 3-37
service port, connecting to, 3-3
settings, default, C-1
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
MIB support, 1-5, 1-7
traps, 1-14
using to manage the switch, 1-7
Single Collisions field, 3-34
SNMP Configuration command, 3-7
SNMP Configuration screen, 3-14
SNMP. See Simple Network Management
Protocol
software
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download process, 3-49
image upgrades, 1-6
requirements, 2-4
Software Download command, 3-7
Software Download screen, 3-48
Spanning Tree Configuration command, 3-7
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu, 3-39
Spanning Tree Port Configuration command,
3-39
Spanning Tree Port Configuration screen, 3-40
Spanning Tree Protocol, compliance standards,
1-4
Spanning Tree Switch Settings screen, 3-42
Speed/Duplex field, 3-29
Start TFTP Load of New Image field, 3-49
State field, 3-41
Status field, 3-29
Switch Configuration command, 3-7
Switch Configuration Menu, 3-18
commands, 3-19
sysContact field, 3-17
sysDescr field, 3-17
sysLocation field, 3-17
in-band access, 3-1
Logout command, 3-55
supported features, 1-5
See also Service Port Configuration screen
See also TELNET Configuration screen
TELNET Access field, 3-46
TELNET Configuration command, 3-7
TELNET Configuration screen, 3-45
TFTP Server IP Address field, 3-49
TFTP. See Trivial File Transfer Protocol
Total Octets field, 3-33
Trap IP Address fields, 3-15
traps, 1-7
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
server, 2-4
software download, 3-48
using to upgrade firmware, 1-6
troubleshooting
port interface, 4-5
power-up sequence, 4-4
sysName field, 3-17
sysObjectID field, 3-17
sysServices field, 3-17
System Characteristics command, 3-7
System Characteristics screen, 3-16
sysUpTime field, 3-17
V
T
Technical Solutions Centers, xviii
technical specifications, A-1
TELNET
accessing CI menus and screens, 3-3
event log operational exception, 3-51
event log session status, 3-51
893-00992-B
U
Undersized Packets field, 3-34
virtual LAN (VLAN), 1-7, 3-22
configuration example, 3-24
creating and configuring, 1-10, 3-22
network example, 1-7, 3-22
VLAN Configuration screen, 3-22
VLAN Configuration command, 3-19
VLAN Configuration screen, 3-22
W
World Wide Web page, Bay Networks, xix
Index-5
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