User manual | BBE BBE DI-100 Music Mixer User Manual

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BBE DI-100
USER MANUAL
IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS
To prevent fire or shock hazard, do not expose the unit to rain or moisture.
ATTENTION: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIC-NE PAS OUVRIR.
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert
the user to the presence of uninsulated ‘dangerous voltage’ within the product’s enclosure
that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
The exclamation point, within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the
presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature
accompanying the appliance.
For your protection, please read these safety instructions completely before operating the appliance, and keep this manual for future reference.
Carefully observe all warnings, precautions and instructions on the appliance described in the operating instruction supplied with the appliance.
INSTALLATION
•Water and Moisture - Do not install the appliance near water: for
example, near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen sink, laundry tub, in a wet
basement, or near a swimming pool.
•Heat - Do not install the appliance near sources of heat such as
radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other appliances that produce heat.
•Ventilation - Situate the product so its location or position does not
interfere with its proper ventilation. For example, you should not
place the product on a bed, sofa, rug, or similar surface that might
block the vent openings, or placed in a built-in installation, such as a
bookcase or cabinet that might impede the flow of air through the
ventilation openings.
•Wall or Ceiling Mounting - If your appliance can be mounted to a
wall or ceiling, mount it only as recommended.
i - BBE DI-100 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
USE
•Power Source - Connect the appliance to a power supply only of the
type described in the operating instructions or as marked on the
appliance.
•Power-Cord Protection - Route the power cord so that it is not likely to be walked on or pinched by having objects placed on it, paying
particular attention to the plugs, receptacles, and the point where the
cord exits from the appliance.
•Grounding or Polarization - Do not defeat the grounding or
polarization feature of the AC power cord. If your AC receptacle will
not accept the power cord plug, contact your electrician to install a
proper AC receptacle.
•When not in use - Unplug the power cord of the appliance from the
outlet when left unused for a long period of time. To disconnect the
cord, pull it out by grasping the plug. Never pull the plug out by the
cord.
•AC Receptacle - Check to make sure that the AC receptacle holds
the power cord plug firmly and securely. If the power cord plug is
loose, contact your electrician to replace the defective and unsafe AC
•Foreign Objects - Be careful that foreign objects and liquids do not
enter the enclosure through openings.
SERVICE
Unplug the appliance from the wall outlet and consult qualified
service personnel when:
• the power cord or the plug has been damaged.
• a solid object or liquid has fallen into the cabinet.
• the appliance has been exposed to rain or moisture.
• the appliance does not appear to operate normally or exhibits a
marked change in performance.
• the appliance has been dropped, or the enclosure damaged.
Do not attempt to service the appliance beyond that described in the
operating instructions. For all other servicing, refer to qualified
service personnel only.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Controls/Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Service/Warranty Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Congratulations on your purchase of the BBE DI-100 Active Direct
Box with Sonic Maximizer, a two channel active direct box with signal processor that will benefit any sound reproduction system. You
now own an active direct box with a very unique signal processing
device with no equal in the world. You will find the BBE DI-100’s
rugged construction and careful electronic design a welcome addition to your arsenal.
The features that make up the BBE DI-100 are:
1. Built-in BBE Sonic Maximizer with independent PROCESS and
LO CONTOUR controls.
2. A FUNCTION switch to allow for the comparison of the BBE
processed signal to the unprocessed signal.
3. A FOOTSWITCH input mono jack for easy connection to any
mono shorting footswitch.
4. 1/4” PHONE jack for signal insertion.
5. Input pad switch for instrument or line level input.
6. Ground lift switch to lift the unit’s ground connection.
7. XLR and 1/4” phone jacks for balanced and unbalanced outputs.
8. Tri-mode powering for three different modes of powering:
a) internal 9V battery,
b) 9VDC external power source, and
c) 48V phantom power source through the XLR connector.
NOTE: When using phantom powering, XLR ground lift
must be off.
9. Tri-mode power scanning feature which scans the three power
sources and uses only the highest source of power and shuts off the
other power sources.
IMPORTANT
Before you begin, please check the contents within this box to insure
that included are:
1. The BBE DI-100 Active Direct Box with built-in Sonic
Maximizer.
2. Four (4) Rubber Feet for “Table Mount” applications.
3. The BBE DI-100 User’s Manual.
4. 9VDC External Power Source
If any of these items are found to be damaged or missing, immediately contact the BBE dealer from whom the unit was purchased.
This manual will help you to effectively utilize the BBE DI-100.
Reviewing the information contained in this manual will answer
most of the common questions that our service department receives.
If you still have questions, please feel free to call (714) 897-6766.
BBE DI-100 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS - 1
The BBE Process - ‘What it is’
Loudspeakers have difficulty dealing with the electronic signals supplied by an amplifier. These difficulties cause such major phase and
amplitude distortion that the sound reproduced by a speaker differs significantly from the sound produced by the original source.
In the past, these problems proved unsolvable and were thus delegated to a position of secondary importance in audio system design.
However, phase and amplitude integrity is essential to accurate sound
reproduction. Research shows that the information which the listener
translates into the recognizable characteristics of a live performance are
intimately tied into complex time and amplitude relationships between
the fundamental and harmonic components of a given musical note or
sound. These relationships define a sound’s “sound”.
When these complex relationships pass through a speaker, the proper
order is lost. The higher frequencies are delayed. A lower frequency
may reach the listener’s ear first or perhaps simultaneously with that of
a higher frequency. In some cases, the fundamental components may
be so time-shifted that they reach the listener’s ear ahead of some or all
of the harmonic components.
This change in the phase and amplitude relationship on the harmonic
and fundamental frequencies is technically called “envelope distortion.”
The listener perceives this loss of sound integrity in the reproduced
sound as “muddy” and “smeared.” In the extreme, it can become difficult to tell the difference between musical instruments, for example, an
oboe and a clarinet.
BBE Sound, Inc. conducted extensive studies of numerous speaker
systems over a ten year period. With this knowledge, it became possible to identify the characteristics of an ideal speaker and to distill the
2 - BBE DI-100 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
corrections necessary to return the fundamental and harmonic frequency
structures to their correct order. While there are differences among various speaker designs in the magnitude of their correction, the overall
pattern of correction needed is remarkably consistent.
The BBE process is so unique that 42 patents have been awarded by
the U.S. Patent Office.
The BBE Process - ‘How It Works’
The BBE Process imparts a pre-determined phase correction to the
high frequencies where most harmonic information exists. This is done
by breaking the signal into three sub-bands or groups: a.) LOs (20Hz 150Hz), b.) MIDs (150Hz - 1200Hz), and c.) HIGHs (1200Hz - 20kHz).
The low group is delayed about 2.5 ms (milliseconds) via a delay
within the passive low pass filter. The front panel Lo CONTOUR control allows for either a flat response or a boost at 50Hz.
The mid-range group is delayed only about 0.5ms and passes
through an active band-pass filter while the high frequency group is
passed through a VCA (Voltage Controlled Amplifier). The high group
is used as a point of reference to make dynamic amplitude corrections
to the high frequencies.
The RMS average loudness detectors continuously monitor both the
mid-range and high frequencies to compare the relative harmonic content levels of the two bands and apply the appropriate amount of control
voltage to the VCA, thereby determining the amount of high frequency
harmonic content present at the final output of the BBE processor.
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS
1
2
3
4
REAR PANEL CONNECTIONS
5
1. LO CONTOUR CONTROL: This control adjusts the amount of
phase corrected bass frequencies.
2. PROCESS CONTROL: This control adjusts the amount of phase
corrected treble frequencies.
3. BBE FUNCTION: This switch allows for the quick comparison of
the processed and unprocessed sound.
4. INPUT PAD: This switch allows the user to select between an
instrument input (input impedance = 1 MEG OHMs), or a line level
input (input impedance = 12k OHMs).
5. INPUT JACK: This is a 1/4” phone jack for signal insertion. Input
signal can be from an instrument, or line level from a preamp.
Connecting a 1/4” mono phono plug to this input activates the internal 9
volt battery and will power the DI-100 for approximately 100 hours.
6
7
8
9
6. D.C. INLET: This jack is for connecting the VDC power source.
The 9 VDC power plug must be of the type where the positive voltage
is on the outer ring.
7. GROUND LIFT: This switch is used to lift the units ground connection from pin 3 the XLR balanced output.
8. BALANCED OUTPUT: This XLR jack provides a mic level, balanced output. Pin 2 being the ‘Hot’ pin. The DI-100 can also be phantom-powered through this XLR jack.
9. UNBALANCED OUTPUT: This 1/4” phone jack provides an
unbalanced line level output.
NOTE: This unit may be powered by three (3) different modes.
1. Internal 9 volt battery.
2. 9 VDC external power source.
3. 48v phantom power source.
NOTE: When using phantom powering, XLR ground lift must be off.
BBE DI-100 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS - 3
Here are diagrams of typical setup applications for instrument level and line level.
Typical instrument level application.
Typical line level application.
INSTRUMENT
INSTRUMENT
DI-100
PA SPEAKER
AMP & SPEAKERS
PA SPEAKER
MIXING CONSOLE
DI-100
MIXING CONSOLE
AMP & SPEAKERS
PA SPEAKER
4 - BBE DI-100 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
SERVICE
We recommend that if at all possible a BBE DI-100 “Active Direct Box
with Sonic Maximizer” which requires service be sent to our facility in
Huntington Beach, CA. We request that a “RETURN AUTHORIZATION”
be issued by the dealer from whom you purchased the unit. If this is not
possible, call BBE Sound, Inc. directly at (714) 897-6766, to obtain a
“RETURN AUTHORIZATION”. Include a copy of the bill of sale with the
unit when it is shipped to BBE Sound, Inc., so that the service process can
be expedited.
As the repair turnaround time is minimal, we request that the unit be sent
directly to BBE Sound, Inc. This helps us add reliability data to our files for
use in designing future products.
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance of the BBE DI-100 Active Direct Box with Sonic Maximizer is
limited to proper cleaning of the unit with a mild household cleaner such as
Formula 409™ or Windex™. The chassis and cover are steel finished with a
durable polyurethane pain.
WARRANTY
Warranty registration of the unit to BBE Sound Inc. is not necessary.
However, it is strongly recommended that a copy of the bill of sale is
retained for future reference.
IT IS THE SOLE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE END USER TO
PROVIDE THE BILL OF SALE OR OTHER MEANS OF PROOF
OF PURCHASE TO VALIDATE THE WARRANTY IF WARRANTY
SERVICE IS REQUIRED.
The BBE DI-100 Sonic Maximizer is warranted against defects in material
and workmanship for a period of five (5) years from date of purchase from
BBE Sound, Inc. or from an authorized dealer.
During this period, we will repair units free of charge providing that they are
shipped prepaid to BBE Sound, Inc., 5381 Production Drive, Huntington
Beach, CA 92649. BBE Sound, Inc. will pay return UPS shipping charges
within the USA. All charges related to non-U.S. shipping, including customs
clearance, will be billed. The warranty will be honored for the longer of
either 90 days from the date of any service or the remainder of the original 5
Year factory warranty.
The warranty will be considered null and void by BBE Sound, Inc. if any of
the following is found:
1. The equipment has been physically damaged.
2. The equipment shows signs of abuse.
3. The equipment has been electrically damaged by improper connection or
attempted repair by the customer or a third party.
4. The equipment has been modified without authorization.
5. The bill of sale indicates that the purchase date of the equipment is not
within the warranty period.
All non-warranty repairs are warranted for a period of 90 days from the date
of service.
BBE Sound, Inc. is NOT LIABLE FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
Should the unit fail to operate for any reason, our sole obligation is to repair
the unit as described above.
BBE DI-100 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS - 5
SPECIFICATIONS
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
BYPASS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5hz TO 30kHz
PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PROGRAM CONTROLLED
SIGNAL TO NOISE RATIO (INST.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100dB PROCESS IN
USING 9V BATTERY (INST.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110dB PROCESS OUT
(LINE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115dB PROCESS IN
(LINE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125dB PROCESS OUT
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0.05 % BBE ON (20hz - 20khz)
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
INPUT IMPEDANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 MEG OHMS (INST.)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12k OHMS (LINE)
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
OUTPUT IMPEDANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .600 OHMS (XLR)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1k OHMS (LINE OUTPUT)
POWER REQUIREMENTS
PHANTOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .+48v (VIA XLR JACK)
D.C. INLET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .+9vdc MIN. OF 100ma
BATTERY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .+9vdc (LIFE OF 100hrs)
Due to continuing product improvement, specifications and design are subject to change without notice.
5381 Production Drive, Huntington Beach, CA 92649
Ph: (714) 897-6766 • Fax: (714) 896-0736
Covered by U.S. Patent 4,482,866 and other U.S. and foreign patents pending.
BBE is the registered trademark of BBE Sound, Inc.
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