Specifications | Beckett 800 Burner User Manual

! WARNING
Potential for Fire, Smoke and Asphyxiation Hazards
Incorrect installation, adjustment, or misuse of this burner could result in death, severe
personal injury, or substantial property damage.
To the Homeowner or Equipment
Owner:
y Please read and carefully follow all instructions
To the Professional, Qualified Installer
or Service Agency:
y Please read and carefully follow all instructions provided
provided in this manual regarding your responsibilities
in caring for your heating equipment.
Contact a professional, qualified service agency for
installation, start-up or service work.
Save this manual for future reference.
in this manual before installing, starting, or servicing this
burner or heating system.
The Installation must be made in accordance with all state
and local codes having jurisdiction.
y
y
6104 BCF5 R07
y
1
Before you begin . . .
The following resources will give you additional
information for your installation. We suggest that
you consult these resources whenever possible. Pay
particular attention to the appliance manufacturer’s
instructions.
Table of Contents
General Information .............................................. 2-4
Your Beckett burner will provide years of efficient
operation if it is professionally installed and
maintained by a qualified service technician. If at
any time the burner does not appear to be operating
properly, immediately contact your qualified
service agency for consultation.
Hazard Definitions..........................................................3
Agency approvals ..........................................................3
Specifications .................................................................3
Owner’s Responsibility ..................................................4
Installer/Service Agency Responsibility .........................4
Pre-installation checklist ..................................... 4-7
Combustion air supply ...................................................4
Clearances .....................................................................4
Fuel supply.....................................................................5
Nozzle pressure .............................................................5
Electrical supply .............................................................5
Vent system ...................................................................5
Verify burner components ..............................................6
Verify firing rate ..............................................................6
Verify air tube .................................................................6
Stray light lockout...........................................................7
Dust and Moisture ..........................................................7
Mount the burner ................................................... 7-9
Mount flanges on air tubes.............................................7
Mount air tube to burner.................................................8
Install Nozzle..................................................................8
Check Electrode Settings...............................................8
Install Nozzle Line Assembly .........................................8
Set Dimension Z ............................................................8
Insert Burner ..................................................................8
Fuel Unit By-pass Plug ..................................................9
Oil Supply/Return Lines .................................................9
Burner Fuel Flow............................................................9
Wire the burner ....................................................... 10
We recommend annual inspection/service of
your oil heating system by a qualified service
agency.
Sequence of operation.......................................10
Resetting to cad cell .............................................10
Prepare the burner for start-up ...................... 11-12
Appliance manufacturer’s instructions -Always
follow the appliance manufacturer’s instructions
for burner installation, equipment and set-up.
1–800–OIL–BURN - Beckett’s technical services
hot-line.
www.beckettcorp.com - Beckett’s website.
To the Owner:
Thank you for purchasing a Beckett burner
for use with your heating appliance. Please pay
attention to the Safety Warnings contained within
this instruction manual. Keep this manual for your
records and provide it to your qualified service
agency for use in professionally setting up and
maintaining your oil burner.
Start-up checklist ......................................................... 11
Z Dimension ................................................................. 11
Initial head position ...................................................... 11
Initial air settings ..........................................................12
Set appliance limit controls ..........................................12
Prepare the fuel unit for air venting ..............................12
Start the burner.................................................. 12-13
Starting the burner and venting air ..............................12
CAD Cell resistance check ..........................................13
Set combustion using instruments ...............................13
Maintenance and Service ..................................... 14
Annual Service .............................................................14
Monthly maintenance ...................................................14
Replacement Parts................................................. 15
Warranty .................................................. Back Cover
2
6104 BCF5 R07
Hazard definitions
Specifications
Indicates an imminently
hazardous situation,
which, if not avoided, will result in death,
serious injury, or property damage.
Fuels
Indicates a potentially
hazardous situation,
which, if not avoided, could result in death,
severe personal injury, and/or substantial
property damage.
Motor
Indicates a potentially
hazardous situation,
which, if not avoided, may result in personal injury or property damage.
Firing range
Igniter.
Housing
Fuel unit
Oil nozzle
Shipping wt.
U.S. #1 or #2 Fuel Oil only
(ASTM D396)
Canada #1 Stove Oil or #2
Furnace Oil only
CF500: 1.75 to 5.50 GPH
CF800: 3.00 to 8.00 GPH
1/3 HP 3450 RPM
120/60 hz standard
4.8 amps @ 120 VAC
120V/14,000V
Cast aluminum
100 - 200 PSIG
45° - 70° solid
55 lbs.
NOTICE
Intended to bring special attention to information,
but not related to personal injury or property
damage.
Note: Within the boundaries of the hazard warning, there
will be information presented describing consequences
if the warning is not heeded and instructions on how to
avoid the hazard.
Agency approvals
‰ UL listed to comply with ANSI/UL296 and certified to
CSA B140.0.
‰ Accepted by N.Y.C. M.E.A.
‰ Other approvals may be
available and must be specified
at time of order.
6104 BCF5 R07
3
Owner’s Responsibility:
Professional Installer/Service Agency
Responsibility:
Follow These
Instructions Exactly
Follow These
Instructions Exactly
Failure to follow these instructions,
misuse, or incorrect adjustment of
the burner could lead to equipment
malfunction and result in asphyxiation, explosion or fire.
Failure to follow these instructions
could lead to equipment malfunction and result in asphyxiation,
explosion or fire.
Contact a professional, qualified service agency for the
installation, adjustment and service of your oil burning
system. Thereafter, have your equipment adjusted and
inspected at least annually to ensure reliable operation.
This work requires technical training, trade experience,
licensing or certification in some states and the proper
use of special combustion test instruments.
Please carefully read and comply with the following
instructions:
y Never store or use gasoline or other flammable liquids
or vapors near this burner or appliance.
y Never attempt to burn garbage or refuse in this appliance.
y Never attempt to light the burner by throwing burning
material into the appliance.
y Never attempt to burn any fuel not specified and approved for use in this burner.
y Never restrict the air inlet openings to the burner or the
combustion air ventilation openings in the room.
y Please read all instructions before proceeding. Follow
all instructions completely.
y This equipment must be installed, adjusted and started
y
by a qualified service agency that is experienced with
all applicable codes and ordinances and responsible for
the installation and commission of the equipment.
The installation must comply with all local codes and
ordinances having jurisdiction and the latest editions of
the NFPA 31 and CSA-B139 & B140 in Canada.
NOTICE
50 Hz motors — The burner ratings, air settings and nozzle
ratings are based on standard 60 hz motors (at 3450 rpm). Derate
all ratings 20% when using 50 hz motors. Consult factory for
specific application data.
NOTICE
High altitude installations — Accepted industry practice
requires no derate of burner capacity up to 2,000 feet above
sea level. For altitudes higher than 2,000 feet, derate burner
capacity 2% for each 1000 feet above sea level.
Pre-installation checklist
‰ Combustion air supply
Adequate Combustion
and Ventilation Air
Supply Required
Failure to provide adequate air supply could seriously affect the burner performance and result
in damage to the equipment, asphyxiation, explosion or fire hazards.
y The burner cannot properly burn the fuel if it is not
supplied with a reliable combustion air source.
y Follow the guidelines in the latest editions of the NFPA
31 and CSA-B139 regarding providing adequate air for
combustion and ventilation.
y The burner requires combustion air and ventilation air
for reliable operation. Assure that the building and/or
combustion air openings comply with National Fire
Protection Standard for Oil-Burning Equipment, NFPA 31.
4
For appliance/burner units in confined spaces, the room
must have an air opening near the top of the room plus
one near the floor, each with a free area at least one square
inch per 1,000 Btu/hr input of all fuel burning equipment
in the room. For other conditions, refer to NFPA 31 (CSA
B1139-M91 in Canada).
y If there is a risk of the space being under negative pressure
or of exhaust fans or other devices depleting available
air for combustion and ventilation, the appliance/burner
should be installed in an isolated room provided with
outside combustion air.
‰ Clearances
y With the burner installed in the appliance, there must be
adequate space in front of and on the sides of the burner
to allow access and operation. Verify that the clearance
dimensions comply with all local codes and with the
appliance manufacturer’s recommendations.
6104 BCF5 R07
‰ Fuel supply
‰ Nozzle pressure
Oil Supply Pressure
Control Required
Correct Nozzle and Flow
Rate Required
Damage to the pump, filter or other component seals could cause possible oil leakage
and potential fire hazard.
Incorrect nozzles and flow rates could
result in impaired combustion, underfiring, over-firing, sooting, puff-back
of hot gases, smoke and potential fire
or asphyxiation hazards.
Use only nozzles having the brand, flow rate (gph),
spray angle and pattern specified by the appliance
manufacturer.
Follow the appliance manufacturer’s specifications for
the required pump outlet pressure for the nozzle, since
this affects the flow rate.
y The oil supply inlet pressure to the fuel unit cannot
exceed 3 psig.
y Do NOT install valves in return line.
y Ensure that a pressure-limiting device is installed in
accordance with the latest edition of the NFPA 31.
y The fuel supply piping and tank must provide #1 or #2 fuel
oil at pressure or vacuum conditions suitable for the fuel
unit (oil pump) on the burner. Refer to fuel unit literature
in the literature envelope in the burner carton to verify
allowable suction pressure.
y Nozzle manufacturers calibrate nozzle flow rates at
100 psig.
y This burner utilizes pressures higher than 100 psig, so
If fuel supply is level with or higher than fuel unit —
the actual nozzle flow rate will be greater than the gph
stamped on the nozzle body. (Example: A 4.00 gph
nozzle at 140 psig = 4.70 gph.
y When the fuel unit is not required to lift the oil, the
y
installation is usually suitable for either a one-pipe or twopipe oil system. The oil pressure at the inlet of the fuel unit
must not exceed 3 psig.
Refer to the Mount the Burner Section of this manual for
one-pipe or two-pipe fuel supply installation instructions.
y For typical nozzle flow rates at various pressures
see accompanying chart.
y The fuel unit nozzle port pressure is factory set at 140
psig. Some original equipment manufacturer burner applications may call for a lower pressure to obtain a required
firing rate. Do not change this pressure unless directed to
do so by the appliance manufacturer.
If fuel supply is below the fuel unit —
y Use a two-pipe oil system when the fuel unit must lift the
oil more than 8 feet if burner is equipped with a B fuel
unit. The return line provided by the two-pipe system is
needed to purge the air from the fuel lines and minimize
the likelihood of air-related problems during operation.
‰ Electrical supply
y Verify that the power connections available are correct for
the burner. Refer to Figure 1. All power must be supplied
through fused disconnect switches.
‰ Vent system
y The flue gas venting system must be in good condition and
must comply with all applicable codes.
Figure 1. Typical Nameplate
General Model Information
Model “XX”
Series (Fuel) Burner
SERIAL NUMBER
Serial Number,Including Date Code
Rating Information
050214-00000
Control Circ: 120V/60Hz 4.5A
Motor Circ: 120V/60Hz 4.0A
Approval Agency Symbols
LISTED
MFR’S SETTINGS
X
X
X
X
X
X
R.W. Beckett Construction & Setting Data
XX000 R00
050214-00000
R.W. Beckett Specification
Number and Revision
(FUEL) BURNER
R.W. Beckett Corp.
Boiler Manufacturer and
Model, When Applicable
Elyria, Ohio
Made in the U.S.A.
For use with Group 8 . . .
Primary Group and Fuel
Additional Codes
MP 1192
6104 BCF5 R07
XX000
R00
L0002
5
‰ Verify firing rate
y Refer to appliance manufacturer’s instructions (if
Table 1 - Nozzle Capacities
Rated gph @
100 psig
Pressure - Pounds per
square inch
140
150
1.75
2.07
2.14
2.00
2.37
2.45
2.25
2.66
2.74
2.50
2.96
3.06
2.75
3.24
3.37
3.00
3.55
3.68
3.50
4.13
4.29
4.00
4.70
4.90
4.50
5.30
5.51
5.00
5.90
6.13
5.50
6.50
6.74
6.00
7.10
7.33
6.50
7.65
7.96
available) for firing rate and nozzle selection. Otherwise,
the maximum recommended firing rate for the burner
depends on the length of the firing chamber and the
distance from the burner center to the chamber floor.
Verify that the chamber dimensions are at least as large
as the minimum values given in Figure 2. If the appliance
dimensions are smaller than recommended, reduce the
firing rate accordingly.
‰ Verify air tube
y The information in this section may be disregarded if the
air tube is supplied by the appliance manufacturer.
y Two tube arrangements are available –
CF500 1.75 to 5.50 GPH
CF800 Tube A — 3.00 to 7.00 GPH
Tube B — 5.00 to 8.00 GPH
y Maximum firing capacity depends on the firebox pressure.
‰ Verify burner components —
y
y
y
y
Burner, Model CF500 or CF800
Air tube assembly
Mounting flange kit
Oil nozzle, per Table 1 — Only 45° to 70° solid pattern
nozzles are recommended unless otherwise specified
by appliance manufacturer. (See specific appliance
recommendation sheet or refer to OEM Spec Guide). Find
the required firing rate in the 140 psig column (factory-set
fuel unit pressure). Select the corresponding nozzle from
column 1 (Rated gph @ 100 psig).
Use Table 2 to verify the correct air tube type for the firing rate required. Use Tube B only when Tube A cannot
provide the firing rate required.
y See Figure 3 to verify the correct air tube length and air
tube combination code.
Figure 3 - Air Tube Mounting Dimensions
u
Figure 2. Min. Combustion Chamber Dimensions
u Install burner with 2o pitch as shown.
Minimum Dimensions
Firing Rate
(with damper)
(without damper)
A.T.C. Codes
(A.T.C. = Air Tube Combination)
(Dimension T)
CF500
19.0”
6.00”
23.0”
8.00”
A
L
A
L
1.75 to 3.00 gph
7.5”
18.0”
8.0”
4.00 gph
8.0”
21.0”
9.5”
6
Air Tube
Length
CF800
Tube A
Tube B
CF 60 KK
CF 60 KH
CF 60 KJ
CF 80 KK
CF 80 KH
CF 80 KJ
5.00 gph
9.0”
23.0”
10.5”
30.0”
10.00”
CF 100 KK
CF 100 KH
CF 100 KJ
6.00 gph
10.0”
28.0”
11.5”
40.0”
14.00”
CF 140 KK
CF 140 KH
CF 140 KJ
7.00 gph
11.0”
34.0”
12.0”
46.0”
16.00”
CF160 KK
--
--
8.00 gph
14.0”
38.0”
14.0”
51.0”
17.00”
--
CF 170 KH
CF 170 KJ
6104 BCF5 R07
Table 2 - Air tube capacities vs firebox pressure
Firebox
pressure
(in w.c.)
CF500
Tube
KK
CF800
Tube
KH
Tube
KJ
No reserve air
CF500
Tube
KK
Mount the burner
CF800
Tube
KH
Protect the Air Tube From
Overheating
Tube
KJ
Overheating could cause damage to the air
tube and other combustion components leading to equipment malfunction and impaired
combustion performance.
10% Turndown
0.0”
5.50
7.00
8.00
4.95
6.30
7.20
0.1”
4.75
6.25
7.50
4.27
5.62
6.75
0.2”
4.00
5.50
6.75
3.60
4.95
6.07
0.3”
3.50
4.50
6.25
3.15
4.00
5.62
0.4”
2.75
3.75
5.50
2.47
3.37
4.95
0.5”
2.00
3.00
5.00
1.80
2.70
4.50
y The end of the air tube must not extend into the comy
Note: The above ratings may vary 5% due to variations in actual
job conditions.
‰ Stray Light
‰ Mount flange(s) on air tube
Protect Against Stray
Light Lockout
Failure to follow these instructions could cause
loss of burner operation resulting in no heat, an
unplanned process interruption, work stoppage
and the potential for frozen plumbing or other
cold weather property damage.
y This section does not apply to burners with welded flanges.
y Do not install air tube on burner.
y For non-pressure firing flange, refer to Figure 4: Install
y
y The control must detect a dark, no-flame condition in
y
bustion chamber unprotected unless it has been factory-tested and specified by the appliance manufacturer.
Position the end of the air tube 1/4” back from flush
with the refractory inside entry wall to prevent damage
from overheating.
order to start the burner or it will hold in the stray light
lockout mode.
Shield the burner from direct exposure to intense
light.
y
‰ Dust and Moisture
Protect Against Dust and
Moisture
Wet, dusty environments could lead to blocked
air passages, corrosion damage to components,
impaired combustion performance and result in
asphyxiation, explosion or fire.
y
gasket (item a) and flange (item d). Ignore the next
paragraph.
For pressure-firing flange, refer to Figure 4: Slide gasket
(item a) onto the air tube, making sure the top of the air
tube is up. Pre-drill holes in the pressure firing plate (item
b) to match the appliance studs. Slide the pressure firing
plate (item b) and flange (item d) onto the air tube as
shown. Wrap ceramic fiber rope (item c) around the air
tube and press tightly into the inside diameter of the flange
(item d).
Slide the air tube (item e) into position in the appliance
front. Tighten the flange-mounting-stud nuts. Set the
insertion of the air tube so dimension G is 1/4” nominal.
Pitch the air tube at 2° from horizontal as shown and secure
the flange to the air tube.
Figure 4 - Mount flange(s) on air tube
y This burner is designed for clean, dry installations.
y Electrical controls are not protected against rain or
sprayed water.
y Keep the installation clear of dust, dirt, corrosive vapors, and moisture.
y Protective covers and more frequent maintenance may
be required.
6104 BCF5 R07
7
‰ Mount air tube to burner
y Insert the air tube into the burner housing. Carefully align
Figure 6 - Nozzle line assembly in burner
the the four screw holes.
y Attach the air tube to the burner using the four provided
screws.
CF500
1-9/16”
‰ Install nozzle
y Install the oil nozzle in the nozzle adapter. Use a 3/4”
CF800
1-3/4”
open-end wrench to steady the nozzle adapter and a 5/8”
open-end wrench to turn the nozzle. Tighten securely but
do not over-tighten.
‰ Check electrode settings
Maintain Electrode
Specifications
Failure to properly maintain these specifications
could cause ignition malfunction, puff-back of
hot gases, heavy smoke, asphyxiation, explosion and fire hazards.
‰ Set dimension Z
y Loosen fastener c in Figure 7. Slide the nozzle line and
plate assembly until dimension Z in Figure 6 is:
CF500 - 1-9/16” ±1/16”
CF800 - 1-3/4” ±1/16”.
y Adjust the electrode gap and position in relation to the
When dimension Z (from end of air tube to flat area of
front face of head) is correctly set, tighten acorn nut
(item c).
nozzle to the specifications shown in Figure 4.
y Attach the oil line from the oil valve to the nozzle line
y Check, and adjust if necessary, the critical dimensions
shown in Figure 5. Verify that the oil tube assembly
and electrodes are in good condition, with no cracks or
damage.
end. Tighten securely.
y Before proceeding, check dimension Z once again. Loosen acorn nut c if necessary to reposition the nozzle line.
Once dimension Z is set, do not loosen the acorn nut
(item) c again. Note that for the setting of fastener d,
refer to Initial Head Position procedure on Page 11.
Figure End
5 - Nozzle
and nozzle line assembly
view
Side view
3/16” - 7/32”
1/4” in front
Rgap
of nozzle
Q
Figure 7 - Adjusting plate assy.
3/16” above
P center
nozzle
Legend (Figure 5)
P
Nozzle centerline to electrode tip = 1/4”
Q
Nozzle face to electrode tip = 1/8”
R
Electrode spacing = 5/32” gap
50001
‰ Install nozzle line assembly
y Insert the nozzle line assembly into the burner air tube.
Reference Figure 6.
y Slide the secondary adjusting plate (Figure 7, item f) com-
y
8
pletely to the left on the indicator adjusting plate (item e).
Finger tighten acorn nut (item c) to secure the two plates
together. Slide both plates completely to the right (Indicator Plate will read 0). Tighten fastener (item d).
Install the spline nut on the end of the nozzle line, leaving
the nut loosely placed so the plates can be moved.
Legend (Figures 7)
c
Bottom acorn nut
e
Indicator adjusting plate
d
Fastener
f
Secondary adjusting plate
‰ Insert burner
y Position the burner in the front of the appliance and loosely
tighten the nuts on the mounting studs. The burner should
be pitched downward 2° as shown in Figure 4.
y Secure the burner to the appliance by tightening the nuts
on the burner flange mounting studs.
6104 BCF5 R07
‰ Fuel unit by-pass plug
Table 3. Fuel Unit gearset capacity
Do Not Install By-pass
Plug with 1-Pipe System
Fuel unit model number
Gearset capacity (GPH)
A2VA-7116
17
Failure to comply could cause immediate pump
seal failure, pressurized oil leakage and the potential for a fire and injury hazard.
y The burner is shipped without the by-pass plug installed.
y Intall the by-pass plug in two-pipe oil supply systems
ONLY.
y
y The CF500 and CF800 burners are shipped without the
by-pass plug installed in the fuel line.
y The by-pass plug must NOT be installed when using with
a one-pipe oil system.
y The by-pass plug MUST be installed when using a twopipe oil system.
‰ Oil supply/return lines
Install Oil Supply To
Specifications
Failure to properly install the oil
supply system could cause oil
leakage, equipment malfunction,
puff-back of hot gases, heavy smoke,
asphyxiation, explosion and fire
hazards.
A2YA-7916
20
B2VA-8216
21
B2YA-8916
25
B2TA-8248
21
for the firing rate for one-pipe systems. Locate the filter
immediately adjacent to the burner fuel unit.
Install two high-quality shut-off valves in accessible
locations on the oil supply line. Locate one valve close
to the tank. Locate the other valve close to the burner,
upstream of the fuel filter.
‰ Burner fuel flow
y One-pipe systems – See Figure 8 for the fuel flow path.
y Figure 7 is based on type B fuel unit.
y Oil supply connects to one of the fuel unit inlet ports.
y Two-pipe systems – See Figure 9 for the fuel flow paths
for two-pipe oil systems.
y Figure 9 is based on type B fuel unit .
y Oil supply connects to one of the fuel unit inlet ports.
Oil return connects to the fuel unit return port. (Install
the by-pass plug in the fuel unit for two-pipe systems.)
Figure 8 - One-pipe oil flow with “B” pump
125-200 psig
y Carefully install the oil supply lines, fittings and components using the guidelines provided in this section.
125-200 psig
y The oil supply must comply with the latest edition
y
y
of NFPA 31 (Canada CSA B139) and all applicable
codes.
Do NOT install valves in return lines.
If the oil supply inlet pressure to the pump exceeds 3
psig or for gravity feed systems, install an oil safety or
pressure reducing valve (Webster OSV, Suntec PRV or
equivalent).
3502
Figure 9 - Two-pipe oil flow with “B” pump
125-200 psig
125-200 psig
y Install the oil tank and oil lines in accordance with all
y
y
y
applicable state and local codes.
Size the oil supply and return lines using the guidelines
given in the fuel unit literature included in the literature
envelope. Oil line flow rate will equal the burner rate for
one-pipe systems. For two-pipe systems, refer to Table
2 for the fuel unit gear set capacity - the rate at which
fuel is recirculated when connected to a two-pipe system.
However, size two-pipe oil lines based on this flow rate.
Use continuous lengths of heavy-wall copper tubing,
routed under the floor where possible. Do not attach fuel
lines to the appliance or to floor joists if possible. This will
reduce vibration and noise transmission problems.
Install an oil filter sized to handle the fuel unit gearset flow
capacity (Table 2) for two-pipe systems. Size the filter
6104 BCF5 R07
Legend
a
b
c
d
g
k
p
Return port
Nozzle port
Oil valve
Nozzle & adapter
Inlet port
Return line to oil tank
Air bleed valve
3503
y Nozzle pressure – The fuel unit nozzle port pressure
is factory set at 140 psig. Some original equipment
manufacturer burner applications may call for a lower
pressure to obtain a required firing rate. Do not change
this pressure unless directed to do so by the appliance
manufacturer.
9
Wire the burner — R7184
Electrical Shock Hazard
Electrical shock can cause severe personal injury or death.
y Disconnect electrical power before installing or servicy
y
ing the burner.
Provide ground wiring to the burner, metal control enclosures and accessories. (This may also be required to
aid proper control system operation)
Perform all wiring in compliance with the National
Electric Code ANSI/NFPA 70 (Canada CSA C22.1).
Sequence of operation
— typical
1. Standby -- The burner is idle, waiting for a call for heat.
When a call for heat is initiated, there is a 3- to 10-second
delay while the control performs a safe start check.
2. Valve-on delay — As applicable, the ignition and motor are
turned on for a 15-second prepurge.
3. Trial for ignition (TFI) — The fuel valve is opened, as applicable. A flame should be established within the 15-second
lockout time (30-second lockout time is available).
Install the burner and all wiring in accordance with the National
Electrical Code and all applicable local codes or requirements.
4. Lockout — If flame is not sensed by the end of the TFI, the
control shuts down on safety lockout and must be manually
reset. If the control locks out three times in a row, the control
enters restricted lockout. Call a qualified service technician.
Wire the burner in compliance with all instructions provided by
the appliance manufacturer. Verify operation of all controls in
accordance with the appliance manufacturer’s guidelines.
5. Ignition carryover — Once flame is established, the ignition
remains on for 10 seconds to ensure flame stability. It then
turns off.
See Figure 10 for a typical wiring diagram, with R7184 oil
primary, for reference purposes only.
6. Run — The burner runs until the call for heat is satisfied. The
burner is then sent to burner motor-off delay, as applicable, or
it is shut down and sent to standby.
7. Recycle — If the flame is lost while the burner is firing, the
control shuts down the burner, enters a 60-second recycle delay, and then repeats the ignition steps outlined above. If the
flame is lost three times in a row, the control locks out to prevent continuous cycling with repetitious flame loss caused by
poor combustion.
Figure 10. - Typical wiring
8. Burner motor-off delay — If applicable, the fuel valve is
closed and the burner motor is kept on for the selected postpurge time before the control returns the burner to standby.
Resetting to cad cell
y If the control locks out three times in a row without a complete heat cycle between attempts, the lockout becomes restricted. A qualified service technician should be called to
inspect the burner.
Figure 11. - Typical sequence of operation
1
Standby
Legend (Figure 10)
10
FD
Fused disconnect
LM
Limit controls
OP
Operating controls
PP
Oil primary controls
CC
Flame sensor, CAD cell type
TR
Ignition transformer
M1
Burner motor
S1
Oil valve
T-T
24-volt thermostat
F-F
Flame sensor terminals
2
Valve-on
delay
3
5
8
Motor-off
delay
(postpurge)
Trial for
ignition
4
Lockout
Ignition
carryover
6
7
Run
Recycle
6104 BCF5 R07
Prepare the burner for start-up
Professional Installation
and Service Required
Incorrect installation and mishandling of startup could lead to equipment malfunction and result in asphyxiation, explosion or fire.
y This burner must be installed and prepared for start-up
y
y
y
y
by a qualified service technician who is trained and experienced in commercial oil burner system installation
and operation.
Do not attempt to start the burner unless you are fully
qualified.
Do not continue with this procedure until all items in
the “Prepare the burner for start-up” section have been
verified.
Carefully follow the wiring diagrams, control instruction sheets, flame safeguard sequence of operation, test
procedures and all appliance manufacturer’s directions
that pertain to this installation.
If any of these items are not clear or are unavailable,
call Beckett at 1-800-645-2876 for assistance.
‰ Oil nozzle has been selected correctly and securely
installed in the nozzle adapter.
‰ Fuel unit by-pass plug has not been installed for onepipe oil system.
‰ By-pass plug has been installed for two-pipe oil
system.
‰ Fuel connection to nozzle line assembly is secure.
‰ Dimension Z has been set per the ‘Set Z Dimension’
instructions detailed earlier in this manual. The acorn nut
(Figure 7, item C) should never be loosened once the Z
dimension is initially set.
‰ Fuel supply line is correctly installed, the oil tank is
sufficiently filled, and shut-off valves are open.
‰ Burner is securely mounted in appliance, with pressure
firing plate and gasket installed for pressurized chamber
application.
‰ Appliance has been filled with water (boilers) and controls
have been operationally checked.
Do Not Bypass Safety
Controls
Tampering with, or bypassing safety controls
could lead to equipment malfunction and result
in asphyxiation, explosion or fire.
y Safety controls are designed and installed to provide
y
y
protection.
Do not tamper with, or bypass any safety control.
If a safety control is not functioning properly, shut off
all main electrical power and fuel supply to the burner
and call a qualified service agency immediately.
Keep Service Access
Covers Securely Installed
These covers must be securely in place to
prevent electrical shock, damage from external elements, and protect against injury from
moving parts.
y All covers or service access plates must be in place at
all times except during maintenance and service.
y This applies to all controls, panels, enclosures, switches, and guards or any component with a cover as part
of its design.
Start-up checklist - Verify the following before
attempting to start burner.
‰ Combustion air supply and venting have been inspected
and verified to be free of obstructions and installed in
accordance with all applicable codes.
6104 BCF5 R07
‰ Burner has been installed in accordance with appliance
manufacturer’s instructions (when available).
‰ Also refer to appliance manufacturer’s instructions (when
available) for start-up procedures.
‰ Initial head position (Figure 7)
y The indicator plate assembly markings correspond to head
position settings.
y Loosen the fastener (Figure 7, item d) and slide the
y
indicator plate until the number on the indicator plate
corresponds to the initial head setting listed in Table 4, for
the desired firing rate.
When the head position has been set, tighten the fastener
and the spline nut.
Table 4 - Initial indicator adjustment plate settings
(head position)
Approximate head settings
Rate GPH
CF800
CF500
Tube A
Tube B
--
--
1.75
0
2.25
0
3.00
4
0
--
3.50
5
1
--
4.00
5
2
--
5.00
6
4
3
5.50
6
4
4
6.00
--
4
4
7.00
--
6
5
8.00
--
--
6
11
Start the Burner
Table 5 - Initial air shutter and band settings
Rate
GPH
1.75
Approximate air settings
Explosion and Fire
Hazard
CF800
CF500
Tube A
Tube B
Shutter
Band
Shutter
Band
Shutter
Band
1
0
--
--
--
--
2.25
2
0
--
--
--
--
3.00
10
1
1
0
--
--
3.50
10
2
3
0
--
--
4.00
10
3
4
0
--
--
5.00
10
5
9
0
8
2
5.50
10
10
9
5
9
4
6.00
--
--
10
3
10
3
7.00
--
--
10
8
10
5
8.00
--
--
--
--
10
10
Failure to follow these instructions
could lead to equipment malfunction
and result in heavy smoke emission,
soot-up, hot gas puff-back, fire and
asphyxiation hazards.
y Do not attempt to start the burner when excess oil has
y
y
y
Note: These settings are appoximate, and can vary depending on
actual job conditions and overfire pressure
y
‰ Initial air settings (Table 5)
y
y Loosen the air band and shutter, and adjust to the
accumulated in the appliance, the appliance is full of
vapor, or when the combustion chamber is very hot.
Do not attempt to re-establish flame with the burner
running if the flame becomes extinguished during startup, venting, or adjustment.
Vapor-Filled Appliance: Allow the unit to cool off and
all vapors to dissipate before attempting another start.
Oil-Flooded Appliance: Shut off the electrical power
and the oil supply to the burner and then clear all accumulated oil before continuing.
If the condition still appears unsafe, contact the Fire
Department. Carefully follow their directions.
Keep a fire extinguisher nearby and ready for use.
approximate firing rate settings given in Table 5.
y These initial settings should be adequate for starting the
y
burner. Once the burner is in operation, the air settings
will be adjusted for best performance as discussed later in
this manual.
Follow the procedures described later in this manual for
fine-tuning the air settings.
‰ Starting the burner and venting air
Priming the pump
Hot Gas Puff-back and
Heavy Smoke Hazard
‰ Set appliance limit controls
Failure to bleed the pump properly
could result in unstable combustion,
hot gas puff-back and heavy smoke.
y Set the appliance limit controls in accordance with the
appliance manufacturer’s recommendations.
y Do not allow oil to intermittently spray into a hot com‰ Prepare the fuel unit for air venting
bustion chamber while bleeding.
y Install a gauge in the nozzle discharge port tubing or
y To vent air from the oil supply line, attach a clear hose
y
to the pump air bleed valve (figure 9) on the fuel unit.
Provide a container to catch the oil. Loosen the pump air
bleed valve.
Vent the air as described in the next section under Start
the burner.
y
fully open the pump bleed valve to prevent oil spray
from accumulating in the combustion chamber when
venting air from the fuel pump.
Ensure that all bubbles and froth are purged from the
oil supply system before tightening the pump air bleed
valve.
y Initiate a call for heat
y While the ignition is on, press and release the reset button
y
12
on the R7184 control (hold 1/2 second or less). If the
control has not locked out since it’s most recent complete
heat cycle, the lockout time will be extended to 4 minutes
(45 seconds in earlier units), and the ignition will remain
on the entire heat cycle.
Bleed the pump until all froth and bubbles are purged. If
prime is not established within the extended lockout time,
6104 BCF5 R07
y
the control will lock out. Press the reset button to reset the
control and return to the functions listed in the previous
step.
Repeat the previous steps if needed, until the pump is
fully primed and the oil is free of bubbles. Then terminate
the call for heat, and the control will resume normal
operation.
Disable function
y Any time the motor is running, press and hold the reset
button to disable the burner. The burner will remain off as
long as the button is held and will return to standby when
released.
Step 1: Adjust the air shutter/band until a trace of smoke
is achieved.
Step 2: At the trace of smoke level, measure the CO2
(or O2) . This is the vital reference point for further
adjustments. Example: 13.5% CO2 (2.6% O2)
Step 3: Increase the air to reduce the CO2 by 1.5 to
2 percentage points. (O2 will be increased by
approximately 2.0 to 2.7 percentage points.)
Example: Reduce CO2 from 13.5% to 11.5% (2.6%
to 5.3% O2).
Step 4: Recheck smoke level. It should be Zero.
y This procedure provides a margin of reserve air
to accommodate variable conditions.
y If the draft level has changed, recheck the
CAD cell resistance check
y While the burner is firing, and after the ignition has been
turned off, press and release the reset button (hold 1/2 second or less) to check the cad cell resistance. The LED will
flash 1 to 4 times, depending on the cad cell resistance
(refer to the table below).
Number of LED
flashes
Cad Cell Resistance (ohms)
1
Strong (0 to 400)
2
Normal (400 to 800)
3
Weak (800 to 1600)
4
* Lockout is likely to occur.
Poor (1600 or higher)*
LED Indicator
Status
On
Flame sensed
Off
Flame not sensed
Flashing (1/2 sec off - 1/2
sec on)
Lockout/Restricted
Lockout
Flashing (2 sec off - 2 sec
on)
Recycle
smoke and CO2 (or O2) levels and readjust the
burner, if necessary
4. Once combustion is set, tighten all fasteners on air band, air
shutter and escutcheon plate.
5. Start and stop the burner several times to ensure satisfactory
operation. Test the primary control and all other appliance
safety controls to verify that they function according to the
manufacturer’s specifications.
6. Check the breech draft pressure against the appliance manufacturer’s recommended setting (typically + 0.1” W.C.). If
the breech pressure is higher or lower than recommended
level, adjust the appliance breech damper to achieve the
specified setting. Recheck the smoke and CO2 (or O2) levels.
Adjust burner air if necessary.
‰ Set combustion using instruments
1. Allow the burner to run for approximately 5 to 10 minutes.
2. Set the stack or over-fire draft to the level specified by the
appliance manufacturer.
y Natural Draft Applications; typically over-fire draft
is -0.01” or -0.02” w.c.
y Direct Venting; typically may not require draft adjustment.
y High Efficiency/Positive Pressure Appliances; also
vary from traditional appliances (see manufacturer’s
recommendations).
3. Follow these four steps to properly adjust the burner:
6104 BCF5 R07
13
Maintenance and Service
Annual Professional
Service Required
Tampering with or making incorrect
adjustments could lead to equipment malfunction and result in
asphyxiation, explosion or fire.
y Do not tamper with the burner or controls or make
y
y
y
any adjustments unless you are a trained and qualified
service technician.
To ensure continued reliable operation, a qualified
service technician must service this burner annually.
More frequent service intervals may be required in
dusty or adverse environments.
Operation and adjustment of the burner requires
technical training and skillful use of combustion test
instruments and other test equipment.
Annual service — by qualified service technician
Have the burner inspected, tested and started at least annually
by a qualified service technician. This annual test/inspection
should include at least the following:
ˆ Replace the oil supply line filter. The line filter cartridge
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
must be replaced to avoid contamination of the fuel unit
and nozzle.
Inspect the oil supply system. All fittings should be leaktight. The supply lines should be free of water, sludge and
other restrictions.
Remove and clean the pump strainer if applicable.
Replace the nozzle with the exact brand, pattern, gph, flow
rate and spray angle.
Clean and inspect the electrodes for damage, replacing
any that are cracked or chipped.
Check electrode tip settings. Replace electrodes if tips are
rounded.
Inspect the igniter spring contacts.
Clean the cad cell lens surface, if necessary.
Inspect all gaskets. Replace any that are damaged or would
fail to seal adequately.
Inspect the combustion head and air tube. Remove any
carbon or foreign matter. Replace all damaged units with
exact parts.
Clean the blower wheel, air inlet, air guide, burner housing and static plate of any lint or foreign material.
If motor is not permanently lubricated, oil motor with a
few drops of SAE 20 nondetergent oil at each oil hole.
DO NOT over oil motor. Excessive oiling can cause motor failure.
Check motor current. The amp draw should not exceed the
nameplate rating.
14
ˆ Check all wiring for secure connections or insulation
breaks.
ˆ Check the pump pressure and cutoff function.
ˆ Check primary control safety lockout timing.
ˆ Check ignition system for proper operation.
ˆ Inspect the vent system and chimney for soot accumulation or other restriction.
ˆ Clean the appliance thoroughly according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
ˆ Check the burner performance. Refer to the section “Set
combustion with test instruments”.
ˆ It is good practice to make a record of the service performed and the combustion test results.
Monthly maintenance — by owner
‰ Observe combustion air openings and vent system
for integrity. Openings must be clean and free of
obstructions.
‰ Check oil lines and fittings to verify there are no leaks.
‰ Observe burner ignition and performance to verify smooth
operation.
‰ Shut the system down if you observe abnormal or
questionable operation. Call a qualified service agency for
professional inspection and service.
Figure 12 - Adjustable mounting plates for CF500
and CF800
6104 BCF5 R07
Replacement parts
6
5
2
3
1
4
10
9
8
Item
Part Name/Description
Part Number
1
Air Tube
2
Spline Nut
3
Adjusting plate assembly
4
Blocking Oil Solenoid Valve
5
Igniter
51771U
6
Control
Specify
7
Air Band
3819
8
Air Shutter
3215
9
Fuel Pump
Specify
10
Fuel lines
Specify Lengths
11
Head Assembly:
CF500 - KK
CF800 - KH (Tube A)
CF800 - KJ (Tube B)
12
Electrode Assembly
Specify
13
Nozzle Line Assembly
Specify
14
Motor - 1/3 PSC
21341U
15
Blower Wheel:
CF500 - 5-19/32” x 2-13/32”
CF800 - 6-5/16” x 2-3/8”
21448U
21339U
Specify
12
3666
11
51286U
2182602U
13
51401U
51252P
51302P
16
Coupling
2433
17
Flange Kit
See Figure 12
18
Pedestal Kit
6104 BCF5 R07
7
15
14
16
Not Shown
15
Limited Warranty Information
Limited
WARRANTY
For Residential, Commercial and Specialty Burners
The R. W. BECKETT CORPORATION (“Beckett”) warrants to persons who purchase its Beckett burners from Beckett for resale or for
incorporation into a product for resale (“Customers”) that its equipment is free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and
service for 60 months from the date of manufacture for Residential Burners and 18 months from the date of manufacture for Commercial and
Specialty Burners. Residential burner models include: AF, AFG, AFII, NX, SF, SR and SMG. Commercial burner models include: CF375,
CF500, CF800, CF1400, CF2300A, CF2500, CF3500A, CG10, CG15, CG25 and CG50. Specialty burner models include: ADC, ADCP, ARV,
SDC and SM. The provisions of this warranty are extended to individual major burner components as follows:
a) 60 months from date of manufacture for all Beckett-branded major components, except for 12 Vdc components.
b) 18 months from date of manufacture for all non-Beckett-branded major components and Beckett branded 12 Vdc components.
Note: Normal service items found to be defective upon receipt by the customer are covered by this warranty.
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT EXTEND TO EQUIPMENT SUBJECTED TO MISUSE, NEGLECT, OR ACCIDENT: NOR DOES THIS WARRANTY APPLY
UNLESS THE PRODUCT COVERED BY IT IS PROPERLY INSTALLED BY A QUALIFIED, COMPETENT TECHNICIAN, WHO IS LICENSED WHERE
STATE AND LOCAL CODES REQUIRE, AND WHO IS EXPERIENCED IN MAKING SUCH INSTALLATIONS, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LATEST
EDITION OF NFPA NO. 31 OF THE NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION, THE LATEST EDITION OF THE NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE (NFPA
NO. 54) AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH ALL APPLICABLE LOCAL, STATE AND NATIONAL CODES HAVING JURISDICTIONAL AUTHORITY.
Equipment, which is defective in material or workmanship and within the warranty period, may be returned for credit as follows:
Beckett Burners, Beckett-branded major components and non-Beckett-branded major components that came as original equipment on a Beckett burner
or were sold as a replacement part by Beckett should be returned, freight prepaid, to Beckett’s home office. Credit will be issued to the customer unless
the returned equipment is determined by Beckett to be out of warranty or damaged by user, in which case the equipment will be scrapped.
Note: Beckett is not responsible for any labor cost for removal and replacement of equipment.
THIS WARRANTY IS LIMITED TO THE PRECISE TERMS SET FORTH ABOVE, AND PROVIDES EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
REMEDIES, AND IN PARTICULAR THERE SHALL BE EXCLUDED THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT WILL BECKETT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE OF ANY NATURE. Beckett neither assumes nor
authorizes any person to assume for Beckett any other liability or obligation in connection with the sale of this equipment, Beckett’s liability and Customer’s
exclusive remedy being limited to credit as set forth above.
R.W.
BECKETT CORPORATION
P.O. Box 1289 Elyria, Ohio 44036
Form No. 61545 R72905
R. W. B ECK ETT CORPORATION
U.S.A. : P.O. Box 1289 · Elyria, Ohio 44036
www.beckettcorp.com
Canada: R.W. Beckett Canada, Ltd. · Unit #3, 430 Laird Road · Guelph, Ontario N1G 3X7
Printed in U.S.A. 12/2006
16
© R.W. Beckett Corporation
6104 BCF5 R07
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