Instruction manual | Beckett AFG Burner User Manual

Beckett AF/AFG Oil Burner Manual
Type ‘M’ Air Tube Combination
(AFG Models only)
Type ‘L1’ Head
! WARNING
Type ‘V1’ Head
Potential for Fire, Smoke and Asphyxiation Hazards
Incorrect installation, adjustment, or misuse of this burner could result in death, severe
personal injury, or substantial property damage.
To the Homeowner or Equipment Owner:
y Please read and carefully follow all instructions
provided in this manual regarding your responsibilities in caring for your heating equipment.
y Contact a professional, qualified service agency
for installation, start-up or service work.
y Save this manual for future reference.
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
To the Professional, Qualified Installer or
Service Agency:
y Please read and carefully follow all instructions
provided in this manual before installing, starting,
or servicing this burner or heating system.
y The Installation must be made in accordance with
all state and local codes having jurisdiction.
Page 1
Table of Contents
Hazard Definitions and Owner’s Information ........................................................................................ 3
Information To Be Used Only By Qualified Service Technicians
General Information ......................................................................................................................................... 3
Table 1 Burner Specification................................................................................................................................ 4
Table 2 Air Tube Combination (ATC) Codes ………………………………………………………….. ..................... 4
Notice Special Requirements .............................................................................................................................. 5
Inspect/Prepare Installation Site................................................................................................................. 5
Chimney or Vent ................................................................................................................................................. 5
Combustion Air Supply ........................................................................................................................................ 5
Clearances to burner and appliance ................................................................................................................... 6
Combustion chamber - Burner Retrofitting .......................................................................................................... 6
Prepare the Burner ........................................................................................................................................... 6
Low Firing Rate Baffle ......................................................................................................................................... 6
Burner Fuel Unit .................................................................................................................................................. 6
Nozzle and Pump Pressure................................................................................................................................. 6
Attach Air Tube .................................................................................................................................................... 7
Install Burner Nozzle ........................................................................................................................................... 7
Check/Adjust Electrodes ..................................................................................................................................... 7
Check/Adjust ‘Z’ Dimension - F Heads ................................................................................................................ 8
Check/Adjust ‘Z’ Dimension - L & V Heads ......................................................................................................... 9
Servicing nozzle line assembly ......................................................................................................................... 10
Mount burner on appliance ......................................................................................................................... 10
Mounting Options .............................................................................................................................................. 10
Mounting Dimensions ........................................................................................................................................ 10
Connect Fuel Lines ........................................................................................................................................... 10
Wire Burner ....................................................................................................................................................... 11
Burner Packaged with Appliance....................................................................................................................... 11
Burner Installed at Job Site ............................................................................................................................... 11
Special Wiring Required with Covered Burners ................................................................................................ 11
Start-up Burner/Set Combustion .............................................................................................................. 13
Set Combustion with Test Instruments .............................................................................................................. 13
Perform Regular Maintenance ................................................................................................................... 14
Parts Diagram ................................................................................................................................................... 15
Beckett Limited Warranty Information ................................................................................................... 16
NOTICE
This manual contains information that applies to both AF and AFG burners. These burners may appear to be basically
identical, but there are differences in design and performance. Please review the comparison chart below:
Feature
AF
AFG
Static Pressure Capability
Conventional - Low range
Enhanced - Medium range
Blower Wheel Design
Standard strip
Special tablock
Inlet Airflow Design
Standard inlet bell
Special airguide
UL Air Tube Combinations
“F” Series ONLY
“F” or “M” Series
Igniter Gaskets Baseplate/Barrier
Optional, as specified
Required, always specified
Low Firing Rate Baffle
Not required
Required, per specification
Page 2
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
Hazard Definitions
!
Indicates an imminently haz-
DANGER ardous situation, which, if not
avoided, will result in death, serious injury, or
property damage.
!
WARNING Indicates a potentially
hazardous situation, which,
if not avoided, could result in death, severe
personal injury, and/or substantial property
damage.
!
CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if
not avoided, may result in personal injury or
property damage.
Within the boundaries of the hazard warning, there
will be information presented describing consequences if the warning is not heeded and instructions on how to avoid the hazard.
NOTICE
NOTICE
Intended to bring special attention to information, but not
related to personal injury or property damage.
! WARNING
Owner’s Responsibility
Incorrect installation, adjustment,
and use of this burner could result in
severe personal injury, death, or substantial property damage from fire,
carbon monoxide poisoning, soot or explosion.
Contact a professional, qualified service agency for the
installation, adjustment and service of your oil heating
system. This work requires technical training, trade experience, licensing or certification in some states and the
proper use of special combustion test instruments.
Please carefully read and comply with the following instructions:
y Never store or use gasoline or other flammable
liquids or vapors near this burner or appliance.
y Never attempt to burn garbage or refuse in this
appliance.
y Never attempt to light the burner/appliance by
throwing burning material into the appliance.
y Never attempt to burn any fuel not specified and
approved for use in this burner.
y Never restrict the air inlet openings to the burner
or the combustion air ventilation openings in the
room.
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
General Information
To the Owner:
Thank you for purchasing a Beckett burner
for use with your heating appliance. Please pay attention to the Safety Warnings contained within this
instruction manual. Keep this manual for your records
and provide it to your qualified service agency for use
in professionally setting up and maintaining your oil
burner.
Your Beckett burner will provide years of efficient operation if it is professionally installed and maintained
by a qualified service technician. If at any time the
burner does not appear to be operating properly, immediately contact your qualified service agency
for consultation.
We recommend annual inspection/service of your
oil heating system by a qualified service agency.
Daily – Check the room in which your burner/appliance is installed. Make sure:
• Air ventilation openings are clean and unobstructed
• Nothing is blocking burner inlet air openings
• No combustible materials are stored near the heating appliance
• There are no signs of oil or water leaking around
the burner or appliance
Weekly
• Check your oil tank level. Always keep your oil tank
full, especially during the summer, in order to prevent condensation of moisture on the inside surface
of the tank.
! WARNING
Do NOT Alter the Original
Burner Design
Tampering with or altering the burner design
could seriously impair performance, resulting
in loss of static pressure, damage to the system
components, reduced air volume, heavy smoke,
flame impingement, appliance sooting, hot gas
puff-back, and asphyxiation or fire hazards.
Maintain the design to its original configuration.
Only use parts specified for AF or AFG Burners
Do NOT remove the air guide from the AFG chassis.
Do NOT use ‘M’ Series air tube combinations on AF Burners.
Never try to convert and AF to and AFG or vice versa
Any design alteration will:
y Void UL Listing
y Void manufacturer’s warranties
y Seriously impact burner performance
y Greatly increase your liability risk
Page 3
General Specifications
Table 1 – Burner Specifications
Capacity
(Note 1)
!
‘F’ Head (AF & AFG)
Firing rate range: ..............0.40 – 3.00 GPH
Input: ....................... 56,000 – 420,000 Btu
‘L2’ Head (AFG Only)
Firing rate range: .................0.50 - 1.00 GPH
Input: ...................... 70,000 – 140,000 Btu/h
Please read and understand the manual supplied with
this equipment. This equipment must be installed, adjusted and put into operation only by a qualified individual or
service agency that is:
y Licensed or certified to install and provide technical service to oil heating systems.
y Experienced with all applicable codes, standards
and ordinances.
y Responsible for the correct installation and commission of this equipment.
y Skilled in the adjustment of oil burners using combustion test instruments.
The installation must strictly comply with all applicable
codes, authorities having jurisdiction and the latest revision of the National Fire Protection Association Standard
for the installation of Oil-burning Equipment, NFPA 31 (or
CSA B139 and B140 in Canada).
Regulation by these authorities take precedence over the
general instructions provided in this installation manual.
‘V1’ Head (AFG Only)
Firing rate range: .................0.75 - 2.75 GPH
Input: .................... 105,000 – 385,000 Btu/h
UL certified to comply with ANSI/UL296 &
tested to CSA B140.0
Fuels
U. S: No.1 or No.2 heating oil only
(ASTM D396)
Canada: No. 1 stove oil or No. 2 furnace oil
only
Electrical
Power supply: ............... 120 volts AC, 60 Hz,
single phase
Operating load: .......................5.8 Amps max
Motor: ............ 1/7 hp, 3450 rpm, NEMA 48M
frame PSC rotation CCW
when facing shaft end
Ignition: ... Continuous duty solid-state igniter
Fuel pump
Outlet pressure: ..................................Note 2
Air tube
ATC code: ...................................See Table 2
Dimensions
(with cover)
Height (maximum) ....................... 12.5 inches
Width (maximum) .......................... 15 inches
Depth ......................................... 9.25 inches
Air tube diameter ....................... 4.00 inches
Required
Incorrect installation, adjustment,
and use of this burner could result
in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage from
fire, carbon monoxide poisoning, soot or explosion.
‘L1’ Head (AFG Only)
Firing rate range: ..................0.40 - 1.10 GPH
Input: ..................... 56,000 – 154,000 Btu/h
Certifications/
Approvals
WARNING Professional Service
Note 1: Approval agency listed rating for these burners is 0.40 to
3.00 gph. However, the firing rate range is limited by the
specific air tube combination being used. Refer to Table 2.
Note 2. See appliance manufacturer’s burner specifications for recommended pump discharge pressure.
Table 2 – Air Tube Combination (ATC) codes
Firing
Rate
(gph)
Head
(minmax)
Static
plate
size
Venturi
(inches)
ATC Codes for usable air tube lengths
(‘A’ in inches; See Figure 3.)
4-1/2
5
5-3/8
6-5/8
7
7-1/4
9
10-1/2
13
16
AF44XR
-
AF53XR
AF65XR
-
AF72XR
AF90XR
AF104XR
AF130XR
A160XR
0.50-0.75
F0
3-3/8U
None
0.75-1.25
F3
2-3/4U
None
AF44XN
-
AF53XN
AF65XN
-
AF72XN
AF90XN
AF104XN
AF130XN
AF160XN
0.85-1.35
F4
2-3/4U
None
AF44WH
-
AF53WH
AF65WH
-
AF72WH
AF90WH
AF104WH
AF130WH
AF160WH
0.85-1.65
F6
2-3/4U
None
AF44YB
-
AF53YB
AF65YB
-
AF72YB
AF90YB
AF104YB
AF130YB
AF160YB
1.10-2.00
F12
2-3/4U
None
AF44XO
-
AF53XO
AF65XO
-
AF72XO
AF90XO
AF104XO
AF130XO
AF160XO
1.65-2.50
F22
2-3/4U
None
AF44XP
-
AF53XP
AF56XP
-
AF72XP
AF90XP
AF104XP
AF130XP
AF160XP
2.50-3.00
F31
None
None
AF44XS
-
AF53XS
AF65XS
-
AF72XS
AF90XS
AF104XS
AF130XS
AF160XS
0.50-1.10
L1
3-3/8U
8hole
-
AFG50MB
-
-
AFG70MB
-
AFG90MB
-
-
-
0.50-1.00
L2
2-3/4U
8hole
AFG50MP
-
-
AFG70MP
-
AFG90MP
-
-
-
0.75-2.75
V1
2-3/4U
8hole
-
AFG50MD
-
-
AFG70MD
-
AFG90MD
-
-
-
0.40-0.75
F0
3-1/2U
None
AF44WG
-
AF53WG
AF65WG
-
AF72WG
AF90WG
AF104WG
AF130WG
A160WG
Page 4
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
Combustion air supply
See NFPA 31 Standard for complete details.
Notice Special Requirements
y For recommended installation practice in Canada,
refer to the latest version of CSA Standard B139
& B140.
y Concealed damage — If you discover damage to
the burner or controls during unpacking, notify the
carrier at once and file the appropriate claim.
y When contacting Beckett for service information
— Please record the burner serial number (and
have available when calling or writing). You will
find the serial number on the silver label located
on the left rear of the burner. Refer to Figure 1.
Appliance located in confined space
The confined space should have two (2) permanent
openings: one near the top of the enclosure and
one near the bottom of the enclosure. Each opening shall have a free area of not less than (1) one
square inch per 1,000 BTU’s per hour of the total
input rating of all appliances within the enclosure.
The openings shall have free access to the building interior, which should have adequate infiltration
from the outside.
Exhaust fans and other air-using devices
Size air openings large enough to allow for all airusing devices in addition to the minimum area required for combustion air. If there is any possibility
of the equipment room developing negative pressure (because of exhaust fans or clothes dryers, for
example), either pipe combustion air directly to the
burner or provide a sealed enclosure for the burner
and supply it with its own combustion air supply.
Inspect/Prepare Installation Site
Chimney or vent
y Inspect the chimney or vent, making sure it is
properly sized and in good condition for use.
y For those installations not requiring a chimney,
such as through-the-wall vented appliances, follow the instructions given by the appliance and
power venter (if used) manufacturers.
!
WARNING
Direct air supply and sidewall venting
y Some AFG burners are equipped with combustion air boots to allow use of outside air for combustion.
y When sidewall venting appliances, carefully follow appliance and power venter instructions for
installation and wiring.
Adequate Combustion
and Ventilation Air Supply
Required
Failure to provide adequate air supply could seriously affect the burner performance and result
in damage to the equipment, asphyxiation, explosion or fire hazards.
y The burner cannot properly burn the fuel if it is not
supplied with a reliable combustion air source.
y Follow the guidelines in the latest editions of the
NFPA 31 and CSA-B139 regarding providing adequate air for combustion and ventilation.
Figure 1. Burner label location
!
WARNING Follow the Outside Air Kit
Instructions Exactly
Failure to comply could result in impaired combustion, appliance soot-up, puffback of smoke,
and fire or asphyxiation hazards.
y Do not attempt to install outside air piping to the
burner without using the outside air kit and instructions.
SK9475
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
Page 5
Outside air kit applications
Refer to separate instruction sheet supplied with
AF/AFG outside air kit for installation. This optional
kit allows combustion air to be piped directly to the
burner (Beckett part number 51747).
Prepare the Burner
Low Firing Rate Baffle
The AFG Low Firing Rate Baffle (LFRB) reduces
the air flow and pressure. The LFRB is sometimes
used for firing rates under 1.00 gph as listed in
Table 4. Refer to the appliance manufacturer’s instructions. Do not omit the LFRB when specified.
Omitting the baffle when specified or installing the
baffle when not specified could result in impaired
burner performance.
Clearances to burner and appliance
y Provide space around burner and appliance for
easy service and maintenance.
y Check minimum clearances against those shown
by the appliance manufacturer and by applicable
building codes.
Combustion chamber — Burner retrofitting
Verify that the appliance combustion chamber provides at least the minimum dimensions given in
Table 3.
!
WARNING
y When retrofitting appliances that have unlined
stainless steel combustion chambers, protect the
chamber by lining the inside surfaces with a ceramic fiber blanket, such as a wet-pac or other
suitable refractory material.
y Some steel chambers may not require liners because the appliance was designed and tested
for use with flame retention burners. Refer to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
Table 3. Chamber Dimensions
Chamber Dimensions (inches)
Round
I.D.
0.50
Rectangular
Height
Floor to
nozzle
Width
Length
8
7
8
12
5-6
0.75
9
8
9
12
5-6
1.00
10
9
10
12.5
5-6
1.25
11
10
11
12.5
5-6
1.50
12
11
12
13
6-7
2.00
14
12
15
13.5
6-7
2.50
16
13
17
14
7-8
3.00
18
14
18
15
7-8
Page 6
Burner head type
Low Firing Rate Baffle installed
F0
up to 0.65 gph
F3 or L1
up to 0.85 gph
F4 or F6
up to 0.90 gph
V1
up to 1.00 gph
Protect Steel Combustion
Chamber From Burnout
Failure to comply could result in damage to the
heating equipment and result in fire or asphyxiation hazards.
Firing
Rate
(GPH)
Table 4. AFG Reduced Firing Rates (with
LFRB)
Burner fuel unit
y Verify that the burner fuel unit is compatible with
the oil supply system. For more details, refer to
“Connect fuel lines” later in this manual.
Nozzle and Pump Pressure
!
WARNING Correct Nozzle and Flow
Rate Required
Incorrect nozzles and flow rates
could result in impaired combustion, under-firing, over-firing, sooting, puff-back of hot gases, smoke
and potential fire or asphyxiation hazards.
Use only nozzles having the brand, flow rate (gph), spray
angle and pattern specified by the appliance manufacturer.
Follow the appliance manufacturer’s specifications for the
required pump outlet pressure for the nozzle, since this
affects the flow rate.
y Nozzle manufacturers calibrate nozzle flow rates
at 100 psig.
y When pump pressures are higher than 100 psig,
the actual nozzle flow rate will be greater than the
gph stamped on the nozzle body. (Example: A
1.00 gph nozzle at 140 psig = 1.18 gph)
Securely tighten the nozzle (90 torque inch pounds). For
typical nozzle flow rates at various pressures refer to Table 5.
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
Table 5. Nozzle Flow Rate by Size
Nozzle flow rate U. S. gallons per hour of No. 2 fuel oil when
pump pressure (psig) is:
Nozzle
size
(rated at
100 psig)
125
psi
140 psi
150 psi
175 psi
200 psi
0.40
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.53
0.56
0.50
0.56
0.59
0.61
0.66
0.71
0.60
0.67
0.71
0.74
0.79
0.85
0.65
0.73
0.77
0.80
0.86
0.92
0.75
0.84
0.89
0.92
0.99
1.06
0.85
0.95
1.01
1.04
1.13
1.20
0.90
1.01
1.07
1.10
1.19
1.27
1.00
1.12
1.18
1.23
1.32
1.41
1.10
1.23
1.30
1.35
1.46
1.56
1.20
1.34
1.42
1.47
1.59
1.70
1.25
1.39
1.48
1.53
1.65
1.77
1.35
1.51
1.60
1.65
1.79
1.91
1.50
1.68
1.77
1.84
1.98
2.12
1.65
1.84
1.95
2.02
2.18
2.33
1.75
1.96
2.07
2.14
2.32
2.48
2.00
2.24
2.37
2.45
2.65
2.83
2.25
2.52
2.66
2.76
2.98
-
2.50
2.80
2.96
-
-
-
3. If the nozzle is already installed, remove the nozzle line assembly to verify that the nozzle size and
spray pattern are correct for the application (per appliance manufacturer’s information). Verify that the
electrode tip settings comply with Figure 2.
4. If the nozzle is not installed, obtain a nozzle from
the manufacturer, having the capacity and spray
angle specified in the appliance manufacturer’s information. For conversions or upgrades, when information is not available for the application:
y Refer to Table 6 to select the mid-range nozzle
spray angle for the head type being used.
y Fire the burner and make sure the combustion
is acceptable and the flame is not impinging on
chamber surfaces.
y If a shorter flame is needed, select a wider spray
angle. If a longer flame is needed, select a narrower spray angle.
y Either hollow or solid spray patterns may be used.
If combustion results are not satisfactory with the
selected spray pattern, try the other pattern.
Check/adjust electrodes
Check the electrode tip settings. Adjust if necessary to comply with the dimensions shown in Figure 2. To adjust, loosen the electrode clamp screw
and slide/rotate electrodes as necessary. Securely
tighten the clamp screw when finished.
Attach air tube (if not already installed)
If using a flange and gasket, slide them onto the air
tube. Then attach the air tube to the burner chassis
using the four sheet metal screws provided. Refer
to Figure 3 for details.
Figure 2. – Electrode Tip Adjustment
Standard Dimensions for F, L1, and V1 Heads.
Install burner nozzle (if not already installed)
1. Remove the plastic plug protecting the nozzle
adapter threads
2. Place a ¾” open-end wrench on the nozzle adapter.
Insert the nozzle into the adapter and finger tighten.
Finish tightening with a ⅝” open-end wrench. Use
care to avoid bending the burner head support legs
or electrodes. If you remove the head to replace
the nozzle (type “L1”/“L2” or “V1” heads), carefully
reconnect the head to the nozzle adapter, making
sure that the head support makes contact with the
nozzle adapter shoulder. Refer to Figure 4 or 5.
The Dimensions shown below are for use with L2 heads
and M series air tube combinations ending with an ‘N’ suffix (example: AFG70MDAQN)
Table 6. Nozzle Spray Angles
Recommended nozzle spray angles
“F” head
70° or 80° nozzle
“L1” & “L2” head
45°, 60°, or 70° nozzle
“V1” head
45°, 60°, or 70° nozzle
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
Page 7
Check/Adjust ‘Z’ Dimension for ‘F’ Heads
!
WARNING Adjust the ‘Z’ dimension to the required
specification.
Incorrect Adjustments could cause combustion problems, carbon deposition from flame
impingement, heavy smoke generation and
fire hazard.
y Make all adjustments exactly as outlined in
the following information.
Check/Adjust ‘Z’ Dimension - ‘F’ heads
The important ‘Z’ dimension is the distance from the face of the nozzle
to the flat face of the head (or heat shield, if applicable). This distance for F heads is 1-⅛” (1-⅜” if the air tube has a heat shield). The
“Z” dimension is factory set for burners shipped with the air tube installed. Even if factory set, verify that the “Z” dimension has not been
changed.
2. Use the following procedure to adjust the “Z” dimension, if it is not
correct:
y Turn off power to the burner.
y Disconnect the oil connector tube from the nozzle line
y See above figure. Loosen the splined nut from the nozzle line.
Loosen the hex head screw securing the escutcheon plate to the
burner housing.
y Place the end of a ruler at the face of the nozzle and, using a
straight edge across the head, measure the distance to the face of
the head. A Beckett T501 gauge may also be used.
y Slide the nozzle line forward or back until this dimension for F
heads is 1-⅛” (1-⅜” to the face of the heat shield, if applicable).
y Tighten the hex head screw to secure the escutcheon plate to the
burner chassis. Then tighten the splined nut and attach the oil connector tube.
3. Recheck the “Z” dimension periodically when servicing to ensure the
escutcheon plate has not been moved. You will need to reset the “Z”
dimension if you replace the air tube or nozzle line assembly. The
Beckett Z gauge (part number Z-2000) is available to permit checking
the F head “Z” dimension without removing the burner from the appliance.
Figure 3. ‘F’ Head
Burner Dimensions
1.
Page 8
For usable length A (inches)
F Head
L1
Head
L2
Head
V1
Head
N/A
1/4
7/32
1/4
A+1/2
A+1/2
A+1/2
A+1/2
R (electrode length), + 1/4
A+2-1/4
A+1-1/8
A+1-1/8
A+1-1/8
S (adapter to static plate), +
(Note 1)
1-3/8
1-3/8
1-3/8
A+ 15/16
A+ 3/16
A+ 3/16
A+ 3/16
Z (F head-no heat shield)
(F head-with heat shield)
1-1/8
1-3/8
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Z (L1 head w/straightshroud)
(L1/L2/V1 head w/conic
shroud)
N/A
N/A
1-3/8
1-3/4
N/A
1-3/4
N/A
1-3/4
Dimension (inches)
H (nozzle to head), +1/32
L (Total tube length)
1/16
Q (nozzle line length),
Note 1: 1-3/8 for dimension A less than 4”; 1-5/8 for dimension A from 4”
through 4-1/2 “, 2-13/32 for dimension A greater than 4-1/2”.
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
Check/Adjust ‘Z’ Dimension Heads
L1 & L2
Figure 4. ‘L1 & L2’ Heads
L1/L2 heads (see Table 7 and Figure 3 for dimensions)
1.
See figure above. The important “Z” dimension is the distance from
the leading edge of the head to the end of the air tube. This distance
for L1 & L2 heads is 1-⅜” if the tube has a straight shroud or 1-¾” if
the air tube has a conic shroud. The “Z” dimension is factory set for
Check/Adjust ‘Z’ Dimension - V1 Heads
Figure 5. ‘V1’ Head
V1 heads (see Table below and Figure above for dimensions)
1. See figure above. The important “Z” dimension is the distance from
the leading edge of the head to the end of the air tube. This distance
for V1 heads is 1-¾”. The “Z” dimension is factory set for burners
shipped with the air tube installed. Even if factory set, verify that the
“Z” dimension has not been changed.
Set head position adjusting plate (V1 head only)
1. After setting “Z” dimension, loosen head adjusting plate hex head
screw and nozzle line splined nut. Move the nozzle line assembly until
the burner reference indicator lines up with the head adjusting plate
setting number given in Table shown below.
2. Tighten the hex head screw and splined nut. (DO NOT loosen the
acorn nut when setting head position.) Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions for OEM settings.
3. The position of the head affects air flow volume and pattern. For most
applications, the burner will perform satisfactorily with the air adjustment plate setting of Table shown below.
4. If combustion results indicate the need for change, adjust the head position adjusting plate forward or back one position at a time to optimize
combustion.
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
burners shipped with the air tube installed. Even if factory set, verify
that the “Z” dimension has not been changed.
2. Use the following procedure to adjust the “Z” dimension, if it is not
correct:
y Turn off power to the burner.
y Disconnect the oil connector tube from the nozzle line.
y Refer to figure. Loosen the splined nut from the nozzle line.
Loosen the hex head screw securing the escutcheon plate to the
burner housing.
y Place the end of a ruler at the leading edge of the head and, using a straight edge across the end of the air tube, measure the
distance to the end of the tube. A Beckett T501 gauge may also
be used.
y Slide the nozzle line forward or back until this dimension is 1-⅜”
for L1 & L2 heads if the tube has a straight shroud, or 1-¾” if the
air tube has a conic shroud.
y Tighten the hex head screw to secure the escutcheon plate to
the burner chassis. Then tighten the splined nut and attach the
oil connector tube.
3. Recheck the “Z” dimension periodically when servicing to ensure
the escutcheon plate has not been moved. You will need to reset
the “Z” dimension if you replace the air tube or nozzle line assembly.
2. Use the following procedure to adjust the “Z” dimension, if it is not
correct:
y Turn off power to the burner.
y Disconnect the oil connector tube from the nozzle line.
y See figure above. Loosen the splined nut from the nozzle line.
Loosen the hex head screw securing the head adjusting plate to
the burner housing.
y Loosen the acorn nut. Move the head adjusting plate until the “0”
lines up with the reference indicator on the housing, and retighten
the hex head screw. Place the end of a ruler at the leading edge of
the head and, using a straight edge across the end of the air tube,
measure the distance to the end of the tube. A Beckett T501 gauge
may also be used.
y Slide the nozzle line forward or back until this dimension is 1-¾” for
V1 heads. Tighten the acorn nut.
y Tighten the hex head screw to secure the head adjusting plate to
the burner chassis. Then tighten the splined nut and attach the oil
connector tube.
3. Recheck the “Z” dimension periodically when servicing to ensure the
escutcheon plate has not been moved. You will need to reset the “Z”
dimension if you replace the air tube or nozzle line assembly.
Table for initial adjusting plate settings for V1
Head
V1 Adjusting
Plate Setting
AFG with V1
Head
Burner Firing
Rates
0
0.75-1.00
1
1.00-1.50
2
1.50-1.75
3
1.75-2.00
4
2.00-2.25
5
2.25-2.50
6
2.50-2.75
Page 9
less otherwise specified by the heating appliance manufacturer. Carefully measure the insertion depth when using an adjustable flange.
Verify the insertion depth when using a welded
flange.
Servicing nozzle line assembly
1. Turn off power to burner before proceeding.
2. Disconnect oil connector tube from nozzle line.
3. Loosen the two screws securing igniter retaining clips and rotate both clips to release igniter
baseplate. Then tilt igniter back on its hinge.
4. Remove splined nut.
5. “F” head air tube. - Remove nozzle line assembly from burner, being careful not to damage the
electrodes or insulators while handling. To ease
removal of long assemblies (over 9 inches), rotate assembly 180° from installed position after
pulling partially out of tube.
6. “L1”, “L2”, and “V1” head air tubes. - S l i d e
nozzle line assembly forward (further into air
tube) so the head clears the venturi opening.
Then rotate the nozzle line assembly 90° so the
nozzle line end points up. Pull the nozzle line
assembly toward you and remove assembly
from burner.
7. To replace the nozzle assembly, reverse the
above steps.
Connect fuel lines
Carefully follow the fuel unit manufacturer’s literature and the latest edition of NFPA 31 for oil supply
system specifications.
Fuel supply level with or above burner –
!
WARNING
Do Not Install By-pass Plug
with 1-Pipe System
Failure to comply could cause Immediate pump
seal failure, pressurized oil leakage and the potential for a fire and injury hazard.
y The burner is shipped without the by-pass plug
installed.
y Install the by-pass plug in two-pipe oil supply systems ONLY.
Mount burner on appliance
Mounting options
1. Bolt the burner to the appliance using the factory-mounted flange or an adjustable flange.
Mounting dimensions
1. When using the Beckett universal adjustable
flange, mount the air tube at a 2° downward
pitch unless otherwise specified by the appliance manufacturer.
2. Verify that the air tube installed on the burner
provides the correct insertion depth. See Figure 6.
3. The end of the air tube should normally be ¼”
back from the inside wall of the combustion
chamber. Never allow the leading edge of the
head assembly to extend into the chamber, un-
!
Oil Supply Pressure
CAUTION Control Required
Damage to the filter or pump seals could cause
oil leakage and a fire hazard.
y The oil supply inlet pressure to the burner cannot
exceed 3 psig.
y Insure that a pressure limiting device is installed
in accordance with the latest edition of NFPA 31.
y Gravity Feed Systems: Always install an anitsiphon valve in the oil supply line or a solenoid
valve (RWB Part # 2182602U) in the pump/nozzle discharge tubing to provide backup oil flow
cut-off protection.
Figure 6. – Mounting Burner in Appliance
The burner may be equipped with a single-stage
fuel unit for these installations. Connect the fuel
supply to the burner with a single supply line if you
want a one-pipe system (making sure the bypass
plug is NOT installed in the fuel unit.) Manual bleeding of the fuel unit is required on initial start-up. If
connecting a two-pipe fuel supply, install the fuel
unit bypass plug.
If space between burner
air tube and opening
exceeds 1/2 inch, pack
burner opening with ceramic fiber refractory.
Tilt down 2
o
SK8745
Page 10
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
Fuel supply below the level of the burner –
When the fuel supply is more than eight feet below
the level of the burner, a two-pipe fuel supply system is required. Depending on the fuel line diameter and horizontal and vertical length, the installation may also require a two-stage pump. Consult
the fuel unit manufacturer’s literature for lift and
vacuum capability.
Wire burner
Burner packaged with appliance
!
WARNING Electrical Shock Hazard
Electrical shock can cause severe
personal injury or death.
Fuel line installation –
y Continuous lengths of heavy wall copper tubing
are recommended. Always use flare fittings.
Never use compression fittings.
y Always install fittings in accessible locations.
Proper routing of fuel lines is required to prevent
air cavitation and vibration.
!
CAUTION Do Not Use Teflon Tape
Damage to the pump could cause impaired burner operation, oil leakage and appliance soot-up.
y Never use Teflon tape on fuel oil fittings.
y Tape fragments can lodge in fuel line components
and fuel unit, damaging the equipment and preventing proper operation.
y Use oil-resistant pipe sealant compounds.
Fuel line valve and filter –
y Install two high quality fusible-handle design shutoff valves in accessible locations on the oil supply
line to comply with the NFPA 31 Standard. Locate
one close to the tank and the other close to the
burner, upstream of the filter.
y Install a generous capacity filter inside the building between the fuel tank shutoff valve and the
burner, locating both the filter and the valve close
to the burner for ease of servicing. Filter should
be rated for 50 microns or less.
y Disconnect electrical power before installing or
servicing the burner.
y Provide ground wiring to the burner, metal control
enclosures and accessories. (This may also be
required to aid proper control system operation.)
y Perform all wiring in compliance with the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70 (Canada CSA
C22.1)
y Refer to appliance manufacturer’s wiring diagram
for electrical connections.
Burner installed at jobsite
y Refer to Figure 7, for typical burner wiring, showing cad cell primary controls. Burner wiring may
vary, depending on primary control actually
used.
The R7184 primary control with valve-on delay
(prepurge) and burner motor-off delay (postpurge),
requires a constant 120 volts AC power source supplied to the BLACK wire on the control. The RED
wire goes to the appliance limit circuit. Please note
that other control manufacturers may use different
wire colors for power and limit connections.
Special wiring required with covered
burners
The mounting plate is not a conduit connection point. Pass conduit and attached connector
through the opening in the mounting plate and attach it directly to the burner-mounted 4x4 electrical
box.
If attaching a burner cover to a previously installed
burner, attach the mounting plate and then slide the
conduit into the “J” shaped conduit slot.
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
Page 11
Typical Burner Wiring & Burner Sequence of Operation for R7184P Control.
Refer to the appliance manufacturer’s wiring diagram for actual specifications.
Figure 7. – Typical Burner Wiring
1. STANDBY. The burner is idle, waiting for a call for
heat. When a call for heat is initiated, there is a 310 second delay while the control performs a safe
start check.
2. VALVE-ON DELAY. The ignition and motor are
turned on for a 15 second valve-on delay.
3. TRIAL FOR IGNITION (TFI). The fuel valve is
opened. A flame should be established within the
15 second lockout time.
4. LOCKOUT. If flame is not sensed by the end of
the TFI, the control shuts down on safety lockout
and must be manually reset. If the control locks out
three times in a row, the control enters restricted
lockout.
5. IGNITION CARRYOVER. Once flame is established, the ignition remains on for 10 seconds to
ensure flame stability before turning off. If the control is wired for intermittent duty ignition, the ignition
unit stays on the entire time the motor is running.
6. RUN. The burner runs until the call for heat is satified. The burner is then sent to burner motor off
delay, if applicable, or it is shut down and sent to
standby.
7. RECYCLE. If the flame is lost while the burner is
firing, the control shuts down the burner, enters a 60
second recycle delay, and then repeats the above
ignition sequence. If flame is lost three times in a
row, the control locks out to prevent cycling with
repetitious flame loss due to poor combustion.
8. BURNER MOTOR-OFF DELAY. The fuel valve
is closed and the burner motor is kept on for the
selected motor-off delay time before the control returns the burner to standby.
61351
Control System Features
Feature
Interrupted
ignition
Limited reset,
Limited recycle
Diagnostic LED,
cad cell indicator
Valve-on
delay
Burner motor
off delay
Alarm Contacts
R7184A
YES
YES
YES
—
—
—
R7184B
YES
YES
YES
YES
—
—
R7184P
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
Optional
Page 12
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
Start up burner/set combustion
!
WARNING Explosion and Fire Hazard
Failure to follow these instructions
could lead to equipment malfunction and result in heavy smoke
emission, soot-up, hot gas puffback, fire and asphyxiation hazards.
y Do not attempt to start the burner when excess oil
has accumulated in the appliance, the appliance
is full of vapor, or when the combustion chamber
is very hot.
y Do not attempt to re-establish flame with the
burner running if the flame becomes extinguished
during start-up, venting, or adjustment.
y Vapor-Filled Appliance: Allow the unit to cool off
and all vapors to dissipate before attempting another start.
y Oil-Flooded Appliance: Shut off the electrical
power and the oil supply to the burner and then
clear all accumulated oil before continuing.
y If the condition still appears unsafe, contact the
Fire Department. Carefully follow their directions.
y Keep a fire extinguisher nearby and ready for
use.
1. Open the shutoff valves in the oil supply line to the
burner.
2. Close air band and partially open air shutter. This
is an initial air setting for the pump bleeding procedure only. Additional adjustments must be made
with instruments.
3. Set the thermostat substantially above room temperature.
4. Close the line voltage switch to start the burner.
If the burner does not start immediately you may
have to reset the safety switch of the burner primary control.
5. Bleed air from fuel unit as soon as burner motor
starts rotating.
y To bleed the fuel unit, attach a clear plastic hose
over the vent fitting. Loosen the fitting and catch
the oil in an empty container. Tighten the fitting
when all air has been purged from the oil supply
system.
y If the burner locks out on safety during bleeding,
reset the safety switch and complete the bleeding procedure. Note — Electronic safety switches
can be reset immediately; others may require a
three- to five-minute wait.
y If burner stops after flame is established, additional bleeding is probably required. Repeat the
bleeding procedure until the pump is primed and
a flame is established when the vent fitting is
closed.
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
y For R7184 primary controls, see Technician’s
Quick Reference Guide, part number 61351 for
special pump priming sequence.
y Prepare for combustion tests by drilling a ¼” sampling hole in the flue pipe between the appliance
and the barometric draft regulator.
6. Initial air adjustment — Using a smoke tester, adjust the air shutter (and air band, if necessary) to
obtain a clean flame. Now the additional combustion tests with instruments can be made
Set combustion with instruments
1. Allow the burner to run for approximately 5 to 10
minutes.
2. Set the stack or over-fire draft to the level specified
by the appliance manufacturer.
y Natural Draft Applications; typically over-fire
draft is -0.01” or -0.02” w.c.
y Direct Venting; typically may not require draft
adjustment.
y High Efficiency/Positive Pressure Appliances;
also vary from traditional appliances (see manufacturer’s recommendations).
3. Follow these four steps to properly adjust the burner:
Step 1: Adjust the air shutter/band until a trace of
smoke is achieved.
Step 2: At the trace of smoke level, measure the
CO2 (or O2) . This is the vital reference
point for further adjustments. Example:
13.5% CO2 (2.6% O2)
Step 3: Increase the air to reduce the CO2 by
1.5 to 2 percentage points. (O2 will be increased by approximately 2.0 to 2.7 percentage points.) Example: Reduce CO2
from 13.5% to 11.5% (2.6% to 5.3% O2).
Step 4: Recheck smoke level. It should be Zero.
• This procedure provides a margin of
reserve air to accommodate variable
conditions.
• If the draft level has changed, recheck
the smoke and CO2 levels and readjust
the burner if necessary
4. Once combustion is set, tighten all fasteners on air
band, air shutter and head adjusting plate or escutcheon plate.
5. Burner equipped with cover - Reinstall the cover
and repeat Steps 2 and 4 above. If CO2 increases
(O2 decreases), remove the cover and adjust the
air setting so the CO2 (O2) with cover on meets
requirements of Step 3.
6. Start and stop the burner several times to ensure
satisfactory operation. Test the primary control and
all other appliance safety controls to verify that they
function according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
Page 13
Perform regular maintenance
!
WARNING Annual Professional Service Required
Tampering with or making incorrect
adjustments could lead to equipment malfunction and result in
asphyxiation, explosion or fire.
y Do not tamper with the burner or controls or make
any adjustments unless you are a trained and
qualified service technician.
y To ensure continued reliable operation, a qualified service technician must service this burner
annually.
y More frequent service intervals may be required
in dusty or adverse environments.
y Operation and adjustment of the burner requires
technical training and skillful use of combustion
test instruments and other test equipment.
ˆ Replace the oil supply line filter. The line filter cartridge must be replaced to avoid contamination of
the fuel unit and nozzle.
ˆ Inspect the oil supply system. All fittings should
be leak-tight. The supply lines should be free of
water, sludge and other restrictions.
ˆ Remove and clean the pump strainer if applicable.
ˆ Replace the nozzle with an equivalent nozzle.
ˆ Clean and inspect the electrodes for damage, replacing any that are cracked or chipped.
ˆ Check electrode tip settings. Replace electrodes
if tips are rounded.
ˆ Inspect the igniter spring contacts.
ˆ Clean the cad cell grid surface, if necessary.
ˆ Make sure Low Firing Rate Baffle is in place if
required for the burner application. Omitting the
baffle can result in unacceptable burner combustion.
ˆ Inspect all gaskets. Replace any that are damaged or would fail to seal adequately.
ˆ Inspect the compustion head and air tube. Remove any carbon or foreign matter. Replace all
damaged units with exact parts.
ˆ Clean the blower wheel, air inlet, air guide, burner
housing and static plate of any lint or foreign material.
ˆ If motor is not permanently lubricated, oil motor
with a few drops of SAE 20 nondetergent oil at
each oil hole. DO NOT over oil motor. Excessive
oiling can cause motor failure.
ˆ Check motor current. The amp draw should not
exceed the nameplate rating by more than 10%.
Page 14
ˆ Check all wiring for secure connections or insulation breaks.
ˆ Check the pump pressure and cutoff function.
ˆ Check primary control safety lockout timing.
ˆ Check ignition system for proper operation.
ˆ Inspect the vent system and chimney for soot accumulation or other restriction.
ˆ Clean the appliance thoroughly according to the
manufacturer’s recommendations.
ˆ Check the burner performance. Refer to the section “Set combustion with test instruments”.
ˆ It is good practice to make a record of the service
performed and the combustion test results.
Replace the blower wheel:
1. Turn off all power to the burner before servicing.
2. Disconnect the burner motor wires.
3. Remove the bolts securing the motor to the
burner housing.
4. Remove the motor and blower wheel.
5. Remove the existing blower wheel.
6. Referring to the figure below, slide the new
blower wheel onto the shaft.
y Use a feeler gauge to set the wheel-to-motor
gap, as shown below. (AF = 0.125 +1/64 inch,
AFG = 0.030 +1/64 inch)
y Slide blower wheel toward motor until it contacts feeler gauge.
y Rotate the blower wheel until the setscrew is
centered on the flat of the motor shaft. Tighten
the setscrew to secure the wheel.
7. DO NOT use a motor that has endshield openings outside the blower wheel circumference
(represented by the dashed line).
8. Install the motor on the burner housing. Tighten
screws. Reconnect wires.
9. Restore power, start the burner and perform
combustion tests. Refer to the section “Set
combustion with test instruments”.
Figure 8. Blower wheel assembly
Use a Feeler Gauge to set
the gap to;
AF = 0.125 +1/64 inch
AFG = 0.030 +1/64 inch
SK9190
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
For best performance specify genuine
Beckett
Professional Maintenance
replacement parts
Parts that are unique to AF burners replace
parts
numbered
6 and
31841
AIR INLET
BELL
BLOWER
WHEEL for part
14. Refer 2459U
to parts
list below
numbers.
SK9462
#
Part No.
1
2
Description
#
Part No.
Description
Burner Housing Assembly
14
2999U (AFG)
2459U (AF)
Blower Wheel (AFG)
Blower Wheel (AF)
Specify
Air Band - Specify # of slots
4198
Screw, 10-24 x 1/2”
15
2454
Coupling
4150
Nut, 10-24 Square
16
7455U
R7184A - Interrupted Ignition
Specify
Air Shutter - Specify # of slots
7456U
R7184B - Pre-purge
4292
Screws, 10-24 x 5/16”
7457U
R7184P - Pre and Post-purge
3493
Escutcheon (F & L1/L2 heads)
7458U
R7184P w/ Alarm Contacts
5941
Head Adjusting Plate (V1 head)
17
5770
Electrical Box
4292
Screw, 10-24 x 5/16”
18
51771U
Igniter & Base Plate
5
2139
Hole Plug
19
51304
Igniter Gasket Kit
6
31231U (AFG)
31841 (AF)
Air Guide (AFG)
Air Inlet Bell (AF)
20
7006U
Cad Cell Detector
21
7
5880
Low Firing Rate Baffle
5432
3616
Universal Flange w/ Gasket
Gasket Only
8
2184404U
CleanCut Pump
22
Specify **
Air Tube Combination
4189U
Mounting Screws
23
Specify **
Heat Shield, Ceramic or Fiber
21807U
Valve Cordset
5780
Electrode Kit - F Head up to 9”
5782
Electrode Kit - F Head over 9”
5940
Electrode Kit - M Head up to 9”
3
4
9
24
21887U
PD Timer Delay Cordset
10
2182602U
Solenoid Valve Kit (delay)
11
2256
Pump Elbow
25
3666
Splined Nut
5685
Pedestal Kit
51814U
Cover
12
5394
Copper Oil Line - 8”
26
13
21805U
4189
PSC Motor
Mounting Screws
27
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
** Contact your Beckett Representative for part number and pricing.
Page 15
Limited
WARRANTY
For Residential, Commercial and Specialty Burners
The R. W. BECKETT CORPORATION (“Beckett”) warrants to persons who purchase its Beckett burners from Beckett for resale or for
incorporation into a product for resale (“Customers”) that its equipment is free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and
service for 60 months from the date of manufacture for Residential Burners and 18 months from the date of manufacture for Commercial and
Specialty Burners. Residential burner models include: AF, AFG, AFII, NX, SF, SR and SMG. Commercial burner models include: CF375,
CF500, CF800, CF1400, CF2300A, CF2500, CF3500A, CG10, CG15, CG25 and CG50. Specialty burner models include: ADC, ADCP, ARV,
SDC and SM. The provisions of this warranty are extended to individual major burner components as follows:
a) 60 months from date of manufacture for all Beckett-branded major components, except for 12 Vdc components.
b) 18 months from date of manufacture for all non-Beckett-branded major components and Beckett branded 12 Vdc components.
Note: Normal service items found to be defective upon receipt by the customer are covered by this warranty.
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT EXTEND TO EQUIPMENT SUBJECTED TO MISUSE, NEGLECT, OR ACCIDENT: NOR DOES THIS WARRANTY APPLY
UNLESS THE PRODUCT COVERED BY IT IS PROPERLY INSTALLED BY A QUALIFIED, COMPETENT TECHNICIAN, WHO IS LICENSED WHERE
STATE AND LOCAL CODES REQUIRE, AND WHO IS EXPERIENCED IN MAKING SUCH INSTALLATIONS, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LATEST
EDITION OF NFPA NO. 31 OF THE NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION, THE LATEST EDITION OF THE NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE (NFPA
NO. 54) AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH ALL APPLICABLE LOCAL, STATE AND NATIONAL CODES HAVING JURISDICTIONAL AUTHORITY.
Equipment, which is defective in material or workmanship and within the warranty period, may be returned for credit as follows:
Beckett Burners, Beckett-branded major components and non-Beckett-branded major components that came as original equipment on a Beckett burner
or were sold as a replacement part by Beckett should be returned, freight prepaid, to Beckett’s home office. Credit will be issued to the customer unless
the returned equipment is determined by Beckett to be out of warranty or damaged by user, in which case the equipment will be scrapped.
Note: Beckett is not responsible for any labor cost for removal and replacement of equipment.
THIS WARRANTY IS LIMITED TO THE PRECISE TERMS SET FORTH ABOVE, AND PROVIDES EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
REMEDIES, AND IN PARTICULAR THERE SHALL BE EXCLUDED THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT WILL BECKETT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE OF ANY NATURE. Beckett neither assumes nor
authorizes any person to assume for Beckett any other liability or obligation in connection with the sale of this equipment, Beckett’s liability and Customer’s
exclusive remedy being limited to credit as set forth above.
R.W.
BECKETT CORPORATION
P.O. Box 1289 Elyria, Ohio 44036
Form No. 61545 R72905
The Oilheat Manufacturers’ Association supports the use of low sulfur fuels as defined by ASTM D396, Grades No. 1 Low Sulfur
and No. 2 Low Sulfur, as the preferred heating fuel for the following reasons:
• Low sulfur fuels reduce deposits on heat exchanger surfaces, extending the service interval between cleanings.
• The reduced deposits increase the efficiency of the appliance.
• Low sulfur fuels reduce particulate emissions.
• Low sulfur fuels reduce oxides of nitrogen emissions.
R.W. BECKETT CORPORATION
U.S.A.: P.O. Box 1289 · Elyria, Ohio 44036
www.beckettcorp.com
Canada: R.W. Beckett Canada, Ltd. · Unit #3, 430 Laird Road · Guelph, Ontario N1G 3X7
Form Number 6104 BAFG R02
Printed in U.S.A.
4/15/06
Page 16
© 2006 R.W. Beckett Corporation
RWB 6104 BAFG R02
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