Behringer 1202FX/1002FX DJ Equipment User Manual

User Manual
1202
/1002
Premium 12/10-Input 2-Bus Mixers with XENYX Mic Preamps,
British EQs and Multi-FX Processor
2
XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
Table of Contents
Thank you........................................................................ 2
Important Safety Instructions....................................... 3
Legal Disclaimer.............................................................. 3
Limited Warranty............................................................ 3
1. Introduction................................................................ 5
1.1 General mixing console functions ................................ 5
1.2 The user’s manual................................................................ 5
1.3 Before you get started....................................................... 6
1.3.1 Shipment.......................................................................... 6
1.3.2 Initial operation.............................................................. 6
1.3.3 Online registration........................................................ 6
2. Control Elements and Connectors ........................... 6
2.1 Mono channels..................................................................... 6
2.2 Stereo channels.................................................................... 7
2.3 Connector array of the main section............................ 8
2.4 Main section.......................................................................... 8
2.5 Digital effects processor................................................... 9
3. Applications.............................................................. 10
3.1 Recording studio................................................................ 10
3.2 Live sound............................................................................ 11
4. Installation................................................................ 12
4.1 Mains connection.............................................................. 12
4.2 Audio connections............................................................ 12
5. Specifications ........................................................... 13
Thank you
Congratulations! In purchasing our XENYX 1202FX/1002FX you have acquired
a mixing console whose small size belies its incredible versatility and
audio performance.
The BEHRINGER XENYX mixing console offers you premium-quality microphone
preamplifiers with optional phantom power supply, balanced line inputs and
the ability to connect external effects processors. Because of its extensive and
carefully thought-out routing possibilities, your XENYX lends itself equally to
both live and studio use.
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
Important Safety
Instructions
Terminals marked with this symbol carry
electrical current of sufficient magnitude
to constitute risk of electric shock.
Use only high-quality professional speaker cables with
¼" TS or twist-locking plugs pre-installed. All other
installation or modification should be performed only
by qualified personnel.
This symbol, wherever it appears,
alerts you to the presence of uninsulated
dangerous voltage inside the
enclosure - voltage that may be sufficient to constitute a
risk of shock.
This symbol, wherever it appears,
alerts you to important operating and
maintenance instructions in the
accompanying literature. Please read the manual.
Caution
To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not
remove the top cover (or the rear section).
No user serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to
qualified personnel.
Caution
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock,
do not expose this appliance to rain and
moisture. The apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping
or splashing liquids and no objects filled with liquids,
such as vases, shall be placed on the apparatus.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized
or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades
with one wider than the other. A grounding-type plug
has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide
blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the
provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an
electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or
pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles,
and the point where they exit from the apparatus.
11. Use only attachments/accessories specified by
the manufacturer.
12. Use only with the
cart, stand, tripod, bracket,
or table specified by the
manufacturer, or sold with
the apparatus. When a cart
is used, use caution when
moving the cart/apparatus
combination to avoid
injury from tip-over.
13. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or
when unused for long periods of time.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
Servicing is required when the apparatus has been
damaged in any way, such as power supply cord or plug
is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen
into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed
to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has
been dropped.
15. The apparatus shall be connected to a MAINS socket
outlet with a protective earthing connection.
16. Where the MAINS plug or an appliance coupler is
used as the disconnect device, the disconnect device shall
remain readily operable.
Caution
These service instructions are for use
by qualified service personnel only.
To reduce the risk of electric shock do not perform any
servicing other than that contained in the operation
instructions. Repairs have to be performed by qualified
service personnel.
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with dry cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as
radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus
(including amplifiers) that produce heat.
LEGAL DISCLAIMER
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS AND APPEARANCES
ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE AND
ACCURACY IS NOT GUARANTEED. BEHRINGER IS
PART OF THE MUSIC GROUP (MUSIC-GROUP.COM).
ALL TRADEMARKS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THEIR
RESPECTIVE OWNERS. MUSIC GROUP ACCEPTS NO
LIABILITY FOR ANY LOSS WHICH MAY BE SUFFERED
BY ANY PERSON WHO RELIES EITHER WHOLLY OR
IN PART UPON ANY DESCRIPTION, PHOTOGRAPH
OR STATEMENT CONTAINED HEREIN. COLORS AND
SPECIFICATIONS MAY VARY FROM ACTUAL PRODUCT.
MUSIC GROUP PRODUCTS ARE SOLD THROUGH
AUTHORIZED FULLFILLERS AND RESELLERS ONLY.
FULLFILLERS AND RESELLERS ARE NOT AGENTS OF
MUSIC GROUP AND HAVE ABSOLUTELY NO AUTHORITY
TO BIND MUSIC GROUP BY ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
UNDERTAKING OR REPRESENTATION. THIS MANUAL
IS COPYRIGHTED. NO PART OF THIS MANUAL MAY
BE REPRODUCED OR TRANSMITTED IN ANY FORM
OR BY ANY MEANS, ELECTRONIC OR MECHANICAL,
INCLUDING PHOTOCOPYING AND RECORDING OF ANY
KIND, FOR ANY PURPOSE, WITHOUT THE EXPRESS
WRITTEN PERMISSION OF MUSIC GROUP IP LTD.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
© 2012 MUSIC Group IP Ltd.
Trident Chambers, Wickhams Cay, P.O. Box 146,
Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands
LIMITED WARRANTY
§ 1 Warranty
(1) This limited warranty is valid only if you purchased
the product from a MUSIC Group Authorized Reseller in
the country of purchase. A list of authorized resellers can
be found on BEHRINGER’s website behringer.com under
“Where to Buy”, or you can contact the MUSIC Group office
closest to you.
(2) MUSIC Group* warrants the mechanical and
electronic components of this product to be free of defects
in material and workmanship if used under normal
operating conditions for a period of one (1) year from
the original date of purchase (see the Limited Warranty
terms in § 4 below), unless a longer minimum warranty
period is mandated by applicable local laws. If the product
shows any defects within the specified warranty period
and that defect is not excluded under § 4, MUSIC Group
shall, at its discretion, either replace or repair the product
using suitable new or reconditioned product or parts.
In case MUSIC Group decides to replace the entire product,
this limited warranty shall apply to the replacement
product for the remaining initial warranty period, i.e.,
one (1) year (or otherwise applicable minimum warranty
period) from the date of purchase of the original product.
(3) Upon validation of the warranty claim, the repaired
or replacement product will be returned to the user
freight prepaid by MUSIC Group.
(4) Warranty claims other than those indicated above
are expressly excluded.
PLEASE RETAIN YOUR SALES RECEIPT. IT IS YOUR PROOF
OF PURCHASE COVERING YOUR LIMITED WARRANTY.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS VOID WITHOUT SUCH PROOF
OF PURCHASE.
§ 2 Online registration
Please do remember to register your new BEHRINGER
equipment right after your purchase at behringer.com
under “Support” and kindly read the terms and conditions
of our limited warranty carefully. Registering your
purchase and equipment with us helps us process
your repair claims quicker and more efficiently.
Thank you for your cooperation!
§ 3 Return materials authorization
(1) To obtain warranty service, please contact the
retailer from whom the equipment was purchased.
Should your MUSIC Group Authorized Reseller not be
located in your vicinity, you may contact the MUSIC Group
Authorized Fulfiller for your country listed under
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
“Support” at behringer.com. If your country is not
listed, please check if your problem can be dealt with
by our “Online Support” which may also be found under
“Support” at behringer.com. Alternatively, please submit
an online warranty claim at behringer.com BEFORE
returning the product. All inquiries must be accompanied
by a description of the problem and the serial number
of the product. After verifying the product’s warranty
eligibility with the original sales receipt, MUSIC Group
will then issue a Return Materials Authorization
(“RMA”) number.
(2) Subsequently, the product must be returned in
its original shipping carton, together with the return
authorization number to the address indicated by
MUSIC Group.
(3) Shipments without freight prepaid will not
be accepted.
§ 4 Warranty Exclusions
(1) This limited warranty does not cover consumable
parts including, but not limited to, fuses and batteries.
Where applicable, MUSIC Group warrants the valves or
meters contained in the product to be free from defects
in material and workmanship for a period of ninety (90)
days from date of purchase.
(2) This limited warranty does not cover the product
if it has been electronically or mechanically modified
in any way. If the product needs to be modified or
adapted in order to comply with applicable technical
or safety standards on a national or local level, in any
country which is not the country for which the
product was originally developed and manufactured,
this modification/adaptation shall not be considered a
defect in materials or workmanship. This limited warranty
does not cover any such modification/adaptation,
regardless of whether it was carried out properly or not.
Under the terms of this limited warranty, MUSIC Group
shall not be held responsible for any cost resulting from
such a modification/adaptation.
(3) This limited warranty covers only the product
hardware. It does not cover technical assistance for
hardware or software usage and it does not cover
any software products whether or not contained in
the product. Any such software is provided “AS IS”
unless expressly provided for in any enclosed software
limited warranty.
(4) This limited warranty is invalid if the
factory-applied serial number has been altered or
removed from the product.
(5) Free inspections and maintenance/repair work
are expressly excluded from this limited warranty,
in particular, if caused by improper handling of the
product by the user. This also applies to defects caused
by normal wear and tear, in particular, of faders,
crossfaders, potentiometers, keys/buttons, guitar strings,
illuminants and similar parts.
(6) Damage/defects caused by the following conditions
are not covered by this limited warranty:
• improper handling, neglect or failure to operate the
unit in compliance with the instructions given in
BEHRINGER user or service manuals;
• connection or operation of the unit in any way
that does not comply with the technical or safety
regulations applicable in the country where the
product is used;
• damage/defects caused by acts of God/Nature
(accident, fire, flood, etc) or any other condition that
is beyond the control of MUSIC Group.
(7) Any repair or opening of the unit carried out by
unauthorized personnel (user included) will void the
limited warranty.
(8) If an inspection of the product by MUSIC Group
shows that the defect in question is not covered by the
limited warranty, the inspection costs are payable by
the customer.
(9) Products which do not meet the terms of this
limited warranty will be repaired exclusively at the buyer’s
expense. MUSIC Group or its authorized service center will
inform the buyer of any such circumstance. If the buyer
fails to submit a written repair order within 6 weeks after
notification, MUSIC Group will return the unit C.O.D. with
a separate invoice for freight and packing. Such costs will
also be invoiced separately when the buyer has sent in a
written repair order.
(10) MUSIC Group Authorized Resellers do not sell new
products directly in online auctions. Purchases made
through an online auction are on a “buyer beware” basis.
Online auction confirmations or sales receipts are not
accepted for warranty verification and MUSIC Group will
not repair or replace any product purchased through an
online auction.
§ 5 Warranty transferability
This limited warranty is extended exclusively to the
original buyer (customer of authorized reseller) and is
not transferable to anyone who may subsequently
purchase this product. No other person (reseller, etc.)
shall be entitled to give any warranty promise on behalf
of MUSIC Group.
§ 6 Claim for damage
Subject only to the operation of mandatory applicable
local laws, MUSIC Group shall have no liability to the buyer
under this warranty for any consequential or indirect
loss or damage of any kind. In no event shall the liability
of MUSIC Group under this limited warranty exceed the
invoiced value of the product.
§ 7 Limitation of liability
This limited warranty is the complete and exclusive
warranty between you and MUSIC Group. It supersedes
all other written or oral communications related to this
product. MUSIC Group provides no other warranties for
this product.
§ 8 Other warranty rights and
national law
(1) This limited warranty does not exclude or limit the
buyer’s statutory rights as a consumer in any way.
(2) The limited warranty regulations mentioned herein
are applicable unless they constitute an infringement of
applicable mandatory local laws.
(3) This warranty does not detract from the seller’s
obligations in regard to any lack of conformity of the
product and any hidden defect.
§ 9 Amendment
Warranty service conditions are subject to change without
notice. For the latest warranty terms and conditions
and additional information regarding MUSIC Group’s
limited warranty, please see complete details online at
behringer.com.
* MUSIC Group Macao Commercial Offshore Limited of
Rue de Pequim No. 202-A, Macau Finance Centre 9/J, Macau,
including all MUSIC Group companies
5
XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
1. Introduction
The XENYX Series represents a milestone in the development of mixing console
technology. With the new XENYX microphone preamps including phantom power
as an option, balanced line inputs and a powerful effects section, the mixing
consoles in the XENYX Series are optimally equipped for live and studio
applications. Owing to state-of-the-art circuitry your XENYX console produces
a warm analog sound that is unrivalled. With the addition of the latest digital
technology these best-in-class consoles combine the advantages of both analog
and digital technology.
The microphone channels feature high-end XENYX Mic Preamps that compare
well with costly outboard preamps in terms of sound quality and dynamics and
boast the following features:
• 130 dB dynamic range for an incredible amount of headroom
• A bandwidth ranging from below 10 Hz to over 200 kHz for crystal-clear
reproduction of even the finest nuances
• The extremely low-noise and distortion-free circuitry guarantees absolutely
natural and transparent signal reproduction
• They are perfectly matched to every conceivable microphone with up to
60 dB gain and +48 volt phantom power supply
• They enable you to use the greatly extended dynamic range of your
24-bit/192-kHz HD recorder to the full, thereby maintaining optimal
audio quality
“British EQ”
The equalizers used for the XENYX Series are based on the legendary circuitry of
top-notch consoles made in Britain, which are renowned throughout the world
for their incredibly warm and musical sound character. Even with extreme gain
settings these equalizers ensure outstanding audio properties.
Multi-effects processor
Additionally, your XENYX mixing console has an effects processor with 24-bit A/D
and D/A converters included, which gives you 100 presets producing first-class
reverb, delay and modulation effects plus numerous multi-effects in excellent
audio quality.
!!
Caution!
◊ We should like to draw your attention to the fact that extreme volumes
may damage your hearing and/or your headphones or loudspeakers.
Turn the MAIN MIX control and PHONES control in the main section fully
counterclockwise before you switch on the unit. Always be careful to
set appropriate volume levels.
1.1 General mixing console functions
A mixing console fulfils three main functions:
• Signal processing:
Preamplification
Microphones convert sound waves into voltage that has to be amplified
several-fold; then, this voltage is turned into sound that is reproduced
in a loudspeaker. Because micro­phone capsules are very delicate in their
construction, output voltage is very low and therefore susceptible to
interference. Therefore, mic signal voltage is amplified directly at the mixer
input to a higher signal level that is less prone to interference. This higher,
interference-safe signal level has to be achieved through amplification using
an amplifier of the highest quality in order to amplify the signal and add
as little noise to it as possible. The XENYX Mic Preamp performs this role
beautifully, leaving no traces of noise or sound coloration. Interference that
could take place at the preamplification level could affect signal quality
and purity, and would then be passed on to all other devices, resulting in
inaccurate sounding program during recording or playback.
Level-setting
Signals fed into the mixer using a DI-box (Direct Injection) or the output of a
sound card or a keyboard, often have to be adjusted to the operating level of
your mixing console.
Frequency response correction
Using the equalizers found in each channel strip, you can simply, quickly and
effectively adjust the way a signal sounds.
• Signal distribution:
Individual, processed signals from the channel strips are compiled on busses
and are fed into the main section for further processing. Connections for
recording equipment, power amplifiers, headphones as well as CD/tape
connectors are available here. The mix is sent to the internal FX processors or
external effects processors via aux sends and returns. Similarly, a mix can be
created for the musicians on the stage (monitor mix).
• Mix:
All other mixing console functions fall under this vital category. Creating a
mix means primarily adjusting the volume levels of individual instruments
and voices to one another as well as giving them the appropriate weight
within the overall frequency spectrum. Likewise, you’ll have to sensibly
spread individual voices across the stereo image of a signal. At the end of
this process, adjusting the level of the entire mix to other equipment in the
signal path is required (e. g. recorder/crossover/amplifier).
The interface of BEHRINGER mixing consoles is optimized for these tasks,
enabling you to easily keep track of the signal path.
1.2 The user’s manual
The user’s manual is designed to give you both an overview of the controls,
as well as detailed information on how to use them. In order to help you
understand the links between the controls, we have arranged them in groups
according to their function. If you need to know more about specific issues,
please visit our website at http://behringer.com. Additional information and
explanations about various music industry/audio technology terminology
can be found on individual product pages as well as in the glossary area
of behringer.com.
◊ The block diagram supplied with the mixing console gives you an
overview of the connections between the inputs and outputs, as well
as the associated switches and controls.
For the moment, just try and trace the signal path from the microphone input
to the FX SEND connector. Don’t be put off by the huge range of possibilities;
it’s easier than you think! If you look at the overview of the controls at the same
time, you’ll be able to quickly familiarize yourself with your mixing console and
you’ll soon be making the most of all its many possibilities.
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
1.3 Before you get started
2. Control Elements and Connectors
1.3.1 Shipment
This chapter describes the various control elements of your mixing console.
All controls, switches and connectors will be discussed in detail.
Your mixing console was carefully packed in the factory to guarantee safe
transport. Nevertheless, we recommend that you carefully examine the
packaging and its contents for any signs of physical damage that may have
occurred during transit.
2.1 Mono channels
◊ If the unit is damaged, please do NOT return it to us, but notify your
dealer and the shipping company immediately, otherwise claims for
damage or replacement may not be granted.
◊ To assure optimal protection of your XENYX during use or transport,
we recommend utilizing a carrying case.
◊ Please always use the original packaging to avoid damage due to
storage or shipping.
◊ Never let unsupervised children play with the XENYX or with
its packaging.
◊ Please dispose of all packaging materials in an environmentally-
friendly fashion.
1.3.2 Initial operation
Be sure that there is enough space around the unit for cooling purposes and to
avoid overheating please do not place your mixing console on high-temperature
equipment such as radiators or power amps.
◊ Never connect the XENYX to the power supply unit when the latter is
connected to the mains! First connect the power supply unit to the
console, then connect the power supply unit to the mains.
◊ Please make sure that all units have a proper ground connection.
For your own safety, never remove or disable the ground
conductor from the unit or on the AC power cord. The unit should
always be connected to a mains socket outlet with a protective
earthing connection.
◊ When installing the product, ensure the appliance coupler or power
cord is easily accessible for disconnecting the unit from mains.
1.3.3 Online registration
Please register your new BEHRINGER equipment right after your purchase
by visiting http://behringer.com and read the terms and conditions of our
warranty carefully.
Should your BEHRINGER product malfunction, it is our intention to have it
repaired as quickly as possible. To arrange for warranty service, please contact
the BEHRINGER retailer from whom the equipment was purchased. Should your
BEHRINGER dealer not be located in your vicinity, you may directly contact
one of our subsidiaries. Corresponding contact information is included in the
original equipment packaging (Global Contact Information/European Contact
Information). Should your country not be listed, please contact the distributor
nearest you. A list of distributors can be found in the support area of our
website (http://behringer.com).
Registering your purchase and equipment with us helps us process your repair
claims more quickly and efficiently.
Thank you for your cooperation!
Fig. 2.1: Connectors and controls on the mono channels
MIC
Each mono input channel offers a balanced microphone input via the XLR
connector and also features switchable +48 V phantom power supply for
condenser microphones. The XENYX preamps provide undistorted and noise-free
gain as is typically known only from costly outboard preamps.
◊ Please mute your playback system before you activate the phantom
power supply to prevent switch-on thumps being directed to your
loudspeakers. Please also note the instructions in chapter 2.4
“Main section”.
LINE IN
Each mono input also features a balanced line input on a ¼" connector.
Unbalanced devices (mono connectors) can also be connected to these inputs.
◊ Please remember that you can only use either the microphone
or the line input of a channel at any one time. You can never use
both simultaneously!
GAIN
Use the GAIN control to adjust the input gain. This control should always be
turned fully counterclockwise whenever you connect or disconnect a signal
source to one of the inputs.
The scale has 2 different value ranges: the first value range (+10 to +60 dB)
refers to the MIC input and shows the amplification for the signals fed in there.
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
The second value range (+10 to -40 dBu) refers to the line input and shows
its sensitivity. The settings for equipment with standard line-level signals
(-10 dBV or +4 dBu) look like this: While the GAIN control is turned all the way
down, connect your equipment. Set the GAIN control to the external devices’
standard output level. If that unit has an output signal level display, it should
show 0 dB during signal peaks. For +4 dBu, turn up GAIN slightly, for -10 dBV a
bit more. Tweaking is done using the CLIP LED.
CLIP
The CLIP-LED’s of the mono channels illuminate when the input signal is driven
too high, which could cause distortion. If this happens, use the GAIN control to
reduce the preamp level until the LED does not light anymore.
2.2 Stereo channels
EQ
All mono input channels include a 3-band equalizer. All bands provide boost or
cut of up to 15 dB. In the central position, the equalizer is inactive.
The circuitry of the British EQs is based on the technology used in the best-known
top-of-the-line consoles and providing a warm sound without any unwanted
side effects. The result are extremely musical equalizers which, unlike simple
equalizers, cause no side effects such as phase shifting or bandwidth limitation,
even with extreme gain settings of ±15 dB.
The upper (HIGH) and the lower band (LOW) are shelving filters that increase
or decrease all frequencies above or below their cut-off frequency. The cut-off
frequencies of the upper and lower band are 12 kHz and 80 Hz respectively.
The mid band is configured as a peak filter with a center frequency of 2.5 kHz.
Unlike shelving filters, the peak filter processes a frequency range that extends
upwards and downwards around its middle frequency.
LOW CUT
In addition, the mono channels are equipped with a steep LOW CUT filter
(slope at 18 dB/oct., -3 dB at 75 Hz) designed to eliminate unwanted
low-frequency signal components. These can be noises created by
hand-held microphones, subsonic noise or plosive sounds created by highly
sensitive microphones.
Fig. 2.2: Connectors and controls on the stereo channels
FX
FX sends enable you to feed signals via a variable control from one or more
channels and sum these signals to a bus. The bus appears at the console’s FX send
output and can be fed from there to an external effects device. The return from
the effects unit is then brought back into the console on the stereo channels.
Each FX send is mono and features up to +15 dB gain.
As the name suggests, the FX sends of the XENYX mixing consoles are intended to
drive effects devices (reverb, delay, etc.) and are therefore configured post-fader.
This means that the mix between dry signal and effect remains at the level
determined by the channel’s aux send, irrespective of the channel fader setting.
If this were not the case, the effects signal of the channel would remain audible
even when the fader is lowered to zero. With XENYX mixing consoles, the channel
fader is called LEVEL control.
In the 1202FX/1002FX, the FX send is routed directly to the built-in effects
processor. To make sure that the effects processor receives an input signal,
you shouldn’t turn this control all the way to the left (-∞).
PAN
The PAN control determines the position of the channel signal within the stereo
image. This control features a constant-power characteristic, which means the
signal is always maintained at a constant level, irrespective of position in the
stereo panorama.
LINE IN
Each stereo channel has two balanced line level inputs on ¼" connectors for left
and right channels. If only the connector marked “L” (left) is used, the channel
operates in mono. The stereo channels are designed to handle typical line level
signals. Both inputs will also accept unbalanced connectors.
FX
The FX send of the stereo channels functions similar to that of the mono
channels. However, since the FX send bus is mono, a mono sum is first taken from
the stereo input before it is sent to the FX bus.
BAL
The BAL(ANCE) control determines the levels of left and right input signals
relative to each other before both signals are then routed to the main stereo mix
bus. If a channel is operated in mono via the left line input, this control has the
same function as the PAN control used in the mono channels.
LEVEL
The LEVEL control determines the volume of the channel being sent to the
main mix.
LEVEL
+4/-10
The LEVEL control determines the level of the channel signal in the main mix.
The stereo inputs of the XENYX have an input sensitivity switch which selects
between +4 dBu and -10 dBV. At -10 dBV (home-recording level), the input is
more sensitive (requires less level to drive it) than at +4 dBu (studio level).
◊ Attention: Since the FX path for the effect processor is connected
post-fader, the LEVEL control has to be turned up in order to get this
channel’s signal to the effects processor!
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
2.3 Connector array of the main section
Recording:
For mastering, using a stereo compressor such as the COMPOSER PRO-XL
MDX2600 can be recommended. Use it to custom-tailor the dynamic
characteristics of your signal to the dynamic range of the recording equipment
you are using. The signal is in this case passed on from the compressor into
the recorder.
CD/TAPE INPUT
Fig. 2.3: Connectors of the main section
FX SEND
The FX SEND connector outputs the signal you picked up from the individual
channels using the FX controls. You can connect this to the input of an external
effects device in order to process the FX bus’ master signal. Once an effects mix is
created, the processed signal can then be routed from the effects device outputs
back into a stereo input.
◊ If the connected effects processor receives no input signal,
the FX SEND control is probably too low. This also goes for the built-in
effects processor.
The CD/TAPE INPUTs are used to bring an external signal source (e.g. CD player,
tape deck, etc.) into the console. They can also be used as a standard stereo line
input, so the output of a second XENYX or BEHRINGER ULTRALINK PRO MX882 can
be connected. Alternatively the line or tape output of a hi-fi amplifier with source
selection switch could also be hooked up here, allowing you to easily listen to
additional sources (e.g. cassette recorder, minidisk player, sound card etc.).
TAPE OUTPUT
These connections are laid out as RCA connectors and are wired parallel to
MAIN OUT. Connect the inputs of a computer sound card or a recorder here.
The output signal level is set up using the highly accurate MAIN MIX fader.
2.4 Main section
◊ Adjust your external effects processor to 100% wet (effects signal
only), because the effects signal is added to the main mix along with
the “dry” channel signals.
◊ In this instance, the FX control of the channel being used as an effects
return should be turned fully counterclockwise, otherwise feedback
problems can occur!
PHONES/CTRL ROOM OUT
The stereo PHONES connector (at the top of the connector panel) is where
headphones are connected. The unbalanced CTRL ROOM OUT connectors carry
the summed effects and main mix signals as well as soloed channel signals.
The PHONES/CONTROL ROOM control in the main section adjusts the level of both
headphones and main monitor outputs.
MAIN OUT
The MAIN OUT connectors are unbalanced mono connectors. The main mix
signal appears here at a level of 0 dBu. The MAIN MIX fader adjusts the volume of
these outputs. Depending on how you wish to use your mixer and which gear you
own, you can connect the following equipment:
Live PA systems:
A stereo dynamics processor (optional), stereo equalizer (optional) and the stereo
power amplifier for full-range loudspeakers with passive crossovers.
If you wish to use multi-way loudspeaker systems without an integrated
crossover, you have to use an active crossover and several power amplifiers.
Often, limiters are already built into active crossovers (e.g. BEHRINGER
SUPER-X PRO CX2310 and ULTRADRIVE PRO DCX2496). Active crossovers are
implemented directly before the power amplifier, and they divide the frequency
range into several segments that are first amplified in the amplifiers and then
passed on to the corresponding loudspeakers.
Fig. 2.4: Control elements of the main section
+48 V
The red “+48 V” LED lights up when the phantom power is turned on.
Phantom power is required to operate condenser microphones and is activated
using the +48 V switch located above the +48 V LED.
◊ Connect microphones before you switch on the phantom power supply.
Please do not connect microphones to the mixer (or the stagebox/
wallbox) while the phantom power supply is switched on. In addition,
the monitor/PA loud­speakers should be muted before you activate the
phantom power supply. After switching on, wait approx. one minute to
allow for system stabilization.
◊ Caution! You must never use unbalanced XLR connectors
(PIN 1 and 3 connected) on the MIC input connectors if you want to
use the phantom power supply.
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
POWER
2.5 Digital effects processor
The blue POWER LED indicates that the console is powered on.
LEVEL INDICATOR
The 4-segment display accurately displays the relevant signal level.
LEVEL SETTING:
To correctly set the gains of the channels, first set the LEVEL controls of the input
channels to their center positions. Then use the GAIN controls to increase the
input amplification until signal peaks show 0 dB on the level meter.
When recording to digital recorders, the recorder’s peak meter should not go into
overload. While analog recorders can be overloaded to some extent, creating only
a certain amount of distortion, digital recorders distort quickly when overloaded.
In addition, digital distortion is not only undesirable, but also renders your
recording completely useless.
When recording to an analog device, the VU meters of the recording machine
should reach approx. +3 dB with low-frequency signals (e.g. kick drum). Due to
their inertia VU meters tend to display too low a signal level at frequencies above
1 kHz. This is why, for example, a Hi-Hat should only be driven as far as -10 dB.
Snare drums should be driven to approx. 0 dB.
◊ The CLIP-LED’s of your XENYX display the level virtually independent
of frequency. A recording level of 0 dB is recommended for all
signal types.
MAIN MIX
Use the MAIN MIX fader to adjust the volume of the main out.
PHONES/CONTROL ROOM
Use the PHONES/CONTROL ROOM control to adjust the signal level of the
CONTROL ROOM and PHONES outputs.
CD/TAPE TO MIX
When the CD/TAPE TO MIX switch is pressed, the CD/tape input is assigned to
the main mix providing an additional input for tape machines, MIDI instruments
or other signal sources that do not require any processing.
CD/TAPE TO CTRL
Press the CD/TAPE TO CTRL switch if you want to monitor the CD/tape input via
the CTRL ROOM and PHONES outputs. A typical studio application of this function
is recording music into a digital audio workstation (DAW) with simultaneous
reproduction (see ch. 3.1).
◊ If you are recording a signal via the TAPE OUTPUT and wish to
listen to this simultaneously via the CD/TAPE INPUT, do not use the
CD/TAPE TO MIX switch. Doing this would create a feedback loop,
since the signal would be routed, via the main mix, back to tape via the
TAPE OUTPUT. To monitor the CD/TAPE INPUT, use the CD/TAPE TO CTRL
switch to assign the tape signal to the monitor(s) or headphones.
This will avoid the tape signal being routed to the TAPE OUTPUT.
FX TO CONTROL
If you want to monitor only the effects signal in your headphones or monitor
speaker(s), press the FX TO CTRL switch. Now the signal of the effects processor
can be monitored alone, and the main mix and/or CD/tape signal is no longer
present on the phone and control room outputs.
Fig. 2.5: Effects section
100 FIRST-CLASS EFFECTS
The XENYX 1202FX/1002FX features a built-in digital stereo effects processor.
This effects processor offers a large number of standard effects such as Hall,
Chorus, Flanger, Delay and various combination effects. Using the FX control,
you can feed signals into the effects processor. The integrated effects module has
the advantage of requiring no wiring. This way, the danger of creating ground
loops or uneven signal levels is eliminated at the outset, completely simplifying
the handling.
SIGNAL and CLIP LED
The SIGNAL LED on the effects module shows the presence of a signal whose
level is high enough. This LED should always be on. However, make sure that the
clip LED lights up only sporadically. If it is lit constantly, you are overdriving the
effects processor, which leads to unpleasant distortion. If this occurs, turn the
FX controls down somewhat.
PROGRAM
The PROGRAM control has two functions: by turning the PROGRAM control,
you dial the number of an effect. The number of the preset you just dialed up
blinks in the display. To confirm your selection, press the PROGRAM control;
the blinking stops.
FX TO MAIN
The FX TO MAIN control feeds the effects signal into the main mix. If the control
is turned all the way counterclockwise, no effects signal is present in the sum
signal of the mixing console.
The appendix contains an overview of all presets of the multi effects processor.
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
3. Applications
3.1 Recording studio
UMX490
MIDI sound module
CD Player
MD Recorder
TRUTH B2030A
B-2 PRO
HPS3000
V-AMP 3
GAIN
GAIN
Digital Audio
Workstation
Electric guitar
XENYX 1002FX
Fig. 3.1: The 1002FX in a recording studio
Even though most of the tasks in a studio can nowadays be accomplished using
a computer, a mixing console remains an unavoidable piece of equipment that
lets you effectively manage audio inputs and outputs: microphone signals need
to be pre-amplified prior to being recorded, and the quality of microphone
sound is often worked on; recording and playback signals must be routed to the
appropriate connectors or integrated into the mix; the volume of headphones
and studio monitors needs to be adjusted, and so on. The extensively equipped
main section of the XENYX mixing consoles provides concrete benefits to you.
Wiring:
Connect your sound sources to the microphone/line inputs of the mixing
console. Connect the master machine (DAT/minidisk recorder) to the
main outputs. Your monitor speakers are connected to the control room
outputs; the headphones are connected to the headphone output.
Now, connect the CD/tape outputs to the sound card inputs on your DAW
(Digital Audio Workstation). Connect the outputs of the sound card in your
computer to the CD/tape inputs.
Recording and playback:
Once in the mixing console, the recording signal is pre-amplified, EQ’ed and is
then routed to the main bus. Use the LEVEL control to adjust the recording signal
level. The overall level of the signal going to the computer is adjusted using
the MAIN MIX fader. To make sure that the signal is actually being recorded,
use either the phones bus or the control room bus to monitor not the main
mix signal (i.e. the output signal of the mixing console, before the recording);
instead, monitor the returns of the sound card that is connected to the CD/tape
inputs. To this end, press the CD/TAPE TO CTRL switch and adjust the monitoring
volume using the PHONES/CONTROL ROOM control. Doing so, you can record
additional tracks in addition to a signal already brought in (so-called overdubs).
Use the direct monitoring function of your DAW.
◊ With this application, the CD/TAPE TO MIX switch should not be
pressed; otherwise, the playback signal from the sound card output
would be routed back to the computer and would be added to the
recording. This would not only be undesirable, it would also create a
feedback loop.
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
3.2 Live sound
REV2496
UMX490
B1520 PRO
BX4500H
HPS3000
EP2000
Drum
Computer
BB410
MDX2600
FBQ3102
Bass guitar
XM1800S
MD Recorder
GMX212
Electric guitar
XENYX 1202FX
CD Player
Fig. 3.2: Live application of the 1202FX
This illustration shows a typical arrangement for a live setup. Two vocal
microphones and the line outputs of a guitar and a bass amplifier are connected
to the mono channels of the 1202FX. A keyboard and a drum computer are
connected to the stereo channels. The power amplifier in your sound system is
connected to the main outputs; equipment such as compressors, equalizers or
crossovers are located between the mixer and the amp in the signal path. If you
wish to make a live recording, you can connect your recording equipment (in this
case, a minidisk recorder) to the CD/tape outputs. A CD player that is playing
during intermissions is connected via the CD/tape inputs. If you connect
a recorder/player combo (e. g. a tape deck recorder), the CD/tape to Mix switch
should not be pressed during a recording because this way the signal intended
for recording would be directly re-routed back to the mixing console, and then
back to the recorder... this would cause a feedback loop as soon as you hit the
record button. A loud, unpleasant, even painful sound would result.
If you are using an external effects processor (wired as shown in the illustration),
please make sure that the FX SEND control in channel 11/12 is turned all the way
down counterclockwise to avoid creating a feedback loop.
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
4. Installation
Balanced ¼" TRS connector
4.1 Mains connection
strain relief clamp
sleeve
ring
tip
AC POWER IN
Connect the power supply to the 3-pin mains connector on the rear of the
console. Use the AC adapter supplied to connect the console to the mains.
The adapter complies with all applicable safety standards.
sleeve
ground/shield
◊ Please use only the power supply unit provided with the console.
◊ Never connect the XENYX to the power supply unit while the latter is
ring
cold (-ve)
tip
hot (+ve)
connected to the mains! First connect the console to the power supply
unit, then connect the power supply unit to the mains.
◊ Please note that both the power supply unit and the mixing console
For connection of balanced and unbalanced plugs,
ring and sleeve have to be bridged at the stereo plug.
heat up considerably during operation. This is completely normal.
4.2 Audio connections
You will need a large number of cables for different applications. The illustrations
below show how the connectors should be wired. Be sure to use only
high-grade cables.
Please use commercial RCA cables to connect the CD/tape inputs and outputs.
You can, of course, also connect unbalanced equipment to the balanced
inputs/outputs. To do this, use either mono plugs or stereo plugs with the ring
and sleeve bridged (pins 1 and 3 in the case of XLR connectors).
◊ Caution! Never use unbalanced XLR connectors (PIN 1 and 3 connected)
on the MIC input connectors when using the phantom power supply.
Balanced use with XLR connectors
input
1 = ground/shield
2 = hot (+ve)
3 = cold (-ve)
2
3
output
For unbalanced use, pin 1 and pin 3
have to be bridged
Fig. 4.1: XLR connections
Unbalanced ¼" TS connector
strain relief clamp
sleeve
tip
sleeve
(ground/shield)
tip
(signal)
Fig. 4.2: ¼" mono plug
¼" TRS headphones connector
strain relief clamp
sleeve
ring
tip
sleeve
ground/shield
ring
right signal
tip
left signal
Fig. 4.4: Stereo plug for headphones connection
2 1
3
1
Fig. 4.3: ¼" stereo plug
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
5. Specifications
Mono Inputs
Audio Outputs
Microphone Inputs
FX Send
Type
XLR, electronically balanced,
discrete input circuit
Mic E.I.N. (20 Hz - 20 kHz)
@ 0 Ω source resistance
-132.7 dB / 137 dB A-weighted
@ 50 Ω source resistance
-130 dB / 133.9 dB A-weighted
@ 150 Ω source resistance
-127.1 dB / 130.9 dB A-weighted
Frequency response
<10 Hz - 200 kHz (-1 dB)
Gain range
+10 to +60 dB
Max. input level
+12 dBu @ +10 dB gain
Impedance
approx. 2.6 kΩ balanced
Signal-to-noise ratio
-107 dB / -111 dB A-weighted
(0 dBu In @ +22 dB gain)
Distortion (THD + N)
0.005% / 0.003% A-weighted
Line Input
Type
¼" TRS connector
electronically balanced
Impedance
approx. 20 kΩ balanced
approx. 10 kΩ unbalanced
Gain range
-10 to +40 dB
Max. input level
+20 dBu @ 0 dB Gain
Fade-Out Attenuation (Crosstalk Attenuation)
1
Main fader closed
85 dB
Channel fader closed
88 dB
¼" TRS connector, unbalanced
Impedance
approx. 120 Ω
Max. output level
+22 dBu
Main Outputs
Type
¼" TRS connector, unbalanced
Impedance
approx. 120 Ω
Max. output level
+22 dBu
Control Room Outputs
Type
¼" TRS connector, unbalanced
Impedance
approx. 120 Ω
Max. output level
+22 dBu
Headphones Output
Type
¼" TRS connector, unbalanced
Max. output level
+19 dBu / 150 Ω (+25 dBm)
Main Mix System Data2
Noise
Main mix @ -∞,
Channel fader -∞
-105 dB / -108 dB A-weighted
Main mix @ 0 dB,
Channel fader -∞
-94 dB / -97 dB A-weighted
Main Mix @ 0 dB,
Channel fader @ 0 dB
-83 dB / -85 dB A-weighted
FX Section
Frequency Response
Microphone Input to Main Out
<10 Hz - 80 kHz
+0 dB / -1 dB
<10 Hz - 137 kHz
+0 dB / -3 dB
Stereo Inputs
Type
¼" TRS connector,
electronically balanced
Impedance
approx. 20 kΩ bal. / 10 kΩ unbal.
(+4 dBu operating level)
approx. 20 kΩ bal. / 5 kΩ unbal.
(-10 dBV)
Max. input level
Type
+22 dBu
EQ Mono Channels
Low
80 Hz / ±15 dB
Mid
2.5 kHz / ±15 dB
High
12 kHz / ±15 dB
Converter
24-bit Sigma-Delta
Sampling rate
40 kHz
Mains Voltage
USA/Canada
120 V~, 60 Hz, MXUL6 adapter
U.K./Australia
240 V~, 50 Hz, MXUK6 adapter
Europe
230 V~, 50 Hz, MXEU6 adapter
China/Korea
220 V~, 50 Hz, MXCN6 adapter
Japan
100 V~, 60 Hz, MXJP6 adapter
Output
2 x 14.8 V~, 2 x 500 mA
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
Dimensions
1202FX
Dimensions (H x W x D)
1 5/6 x 9 1/2 x 8 2/3"
47 x 220 x 242 mm
Weight (Net)
approx. 4.6 lbs / 2.1 kg
1002FX
Dimensions (H x W x D)
1 5/6 x 7 2/5 x 8 2/3"
47 x 189 x 220 mm
Weight (Net)
approx. 3.5 lbs / 1.6 kg
Measuring conditions:
1: 1 kHz rel. to 0 dBu; 20 Hz - 20 kHz; line input; main output; unity gain.
2: 20 Hz - 20kHz; measured at main output. Channels 1 - 4 unity gain; EQ flat; all channels on main mix;
channels 1/3 as far left as possible, channels 2/4 as far right as possible. Reference = +6 dBu.
BEHRINGER is constantly striving to manintain the highest professional standards. As a result of these efforts,
modifications may be made from time to time to existing products without prior notice. Specifications and
appearance may differ from those listed or illustrated.
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XENYX 1202FX/1002FX User Manual
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS
COMMISSION COMPLIANCE
INFORMATION
XENYX 1202FX/1002FX
Responsible Party Name:
MUSIC Group Services US Inc.
Address:
18912 North Creek Parkway,
Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011,
USA
Phone/Fax No.:
Phone: +1 425 672 0816
Fax: +1 425 673 7647
XENYX 1202FX/1002FX
complies with the FCC rules as mentioned in the following paragraph:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed
to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined
by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Important information:
Changes or modifications to the equipment not expressly approved by MUSIC Group
can void the user’s authority to use the equipment.
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