User manual | Behringer 1204FX Music Mixer User Manual

User Manual
XENYX
1204FX/1204
Premium 12-Input 2/2-Bus Mixer with Xenyx Mic Preamps,
British EQs, (1204FX: 24-Bit Multi-FX Processor) and
USB Audio Interface
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
Table of Contents
Thank you
Thank you........................................................................ 2
Important Safety Instructions....................................... 3
Legal Disclaimer.............................................................. 3
Limited Warranty............................................................ 3
1. Introduction................................................................ 5
1.1 General mixing console functions . .............................. 5
1.2 The user’s manual................................................................ 5
1.3 Before you get started....................................................... 5
1.3.1 Shipment.......................................................................... 5
1.3.2 Initial operation.............................................................. 5
1.3.3 Online registration........................................................ 6
2. Control Elements and Connectors ........................... 6
2.1 Mono channels..................................................................... 6
2.1.1 Microphone and line inputs . .................................... 6
2.1.2 Equalizer............................................................................ 6
2.1.3 Aux sends......................................................................... 6
2.1.4 Routing switch, solo and channel fader................ 7
2.2 Stereo channels.................................................................... 7
2.2.1 Channel inputs............................................................... 7
2.2.2 Equalizer stereo channels.......................................... 7
2.2.3 Aux sends stereo channels........................................ 7
2.2.4 Routing switch, solo and channel fader............... 7
2.3 Connector panel and main section.............................. 7
2.3.1 Aux sends 1 and 2 ........................................................ 7
2.3.2 Aux send connectors 1 and 2................................... 7
2.3.3 Stereo aux return connectors................................... 8
2.3.4 Stereo aux return........................................................... 8
2.3.5 Tape input / tape output............................................ 8
2.3.6 Level meter and monitoring..................................... 8
2.3.7 Alt 3-4 and main mix fader........................................ 9
2.4 Rear view of 1204FX/1204................................................ 9
2.4.1 Main mix outputs, Alt 3-4 outputs and Control
room outputs............................................................................. 9
2.4.2 Voltage supply, phantom power and fuse......... 10
3. Digital Effects Processor.......................................... 10
4. Installation................................................................ 11
4.1 Rack mounting.................................................................... 11
4.2 Cable connections............................................................ 11
4.2.1 Audio connections...................................................... 11
5. Specifications............................................................ 12
Congratulations! In purchasing our XENYX 1204FX/1204 you have acquired
a mixing console whose small size belies its incredible versatility and
audio performance.
The BEHRINGER XENYX mixing console offers you premium-quality microphone
preamplifiers with optional phantom power supply, balanced line inputs and
the ability to connect external effects processors. Because of its extensive and
carefully thought-out routing possibilities, your XENYX lends itself equally to
both live and studio use.
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
Important Safety
Instructions
Terminals marked with this symbol carry
electrical current of sufficient magnitude
to constitute risk of electric shock. Use only
high-quality commercially-available speaker cables with
¼" TS plugs pre-installed. All other installation or
modification should be performed only by
qualified personnel.
This symbol, wherever it appears,
alerts you to the presence of uninsulated
dangerous voltage inside the
enclosure - voltage that may be sufficient to constitute a
risk of shock.
This symbol, wherever it appears,
alerts you to important operating and
maintenance instructions in the
accompanying literature. Please read the manual.
Caution
To reduce the risk of electric shock, do
not remove the top cover (or the rear
section). No user serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing
to qualified personnel.
Caution
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock,
do not expose this appliance to rain and
moisture. The apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping
or splashing liquids and no objects filled with liquids, such
as vases, shall be placed on the apparatus.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized
or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades
with one wider than the other. A grounding-type plug
has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide
blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the
provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an
electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or
pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles,
and the point where they exit from the apparatus.
11. Use only attachments/accessories specified by
the manufacturer.
12. Use only with the
cart, stand, tripod, bracket,
or table specified by the
manufacturer, or sold with
the apparatus. When a cart
is used, use caution when
moving the cart/apparatus
combination to avoid
injury from tip-over.
13. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or
when unused for long periods of time.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
Servicing is required when the apparatus has been
damaged in any way, such as power supply cord or plug
is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen
into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed
to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has
been dropped.
15. The apparatus shall be connected to a MAINS socket
outlet with a protective earthing connection.
16. Where the MAINS plug or an appliance coupler is
used as the disconnect device, the disconnect device shall
remain readily operable.
Caution
These service instructions are for use
by qualified service personnel only.
To reduce the risk of electric shock do not perform any
servicing other than that contained in the operation
instructions. Repairs have to be performed by qualified
service personnel.
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with dry cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as
radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus
(including amplifiers) that produce heat.
Limited Warranty
Limit
§ 1 Warranty
(1) This limited warranty is valid only if you purchased
the product from a BEHRINGER authorized dealer in the
country of purchase. A list of authorized dealers can be
found on BEHRINGER’s website behringer.com under
“Where to Buy“, or you can contact the BEHRINGER office
closest to you.
(2) MUSIC Group* warrants the mechanical and
electronic components of this product to be free of defects
in material and workmanship if used under normal
operating conditions for a period of one (1) year from
the original date of purchase (see the Limited Warranty
terms in § 4 below), unless a longer minimum warranty
period is mandated by applicable local laws. If the product
shows any defects within the specified warranty period
and that defect is not excluded under § 4, MUSIC Group
shall, at its discretion, either replace or repair the product
using suitable new or reconditioned product or parts.
In case MUSIC Group decides to replace the entire product,
this limited warranty shall apply to the replacement
product for the remaining initial warranty period, i.e.,
one (1) year (or otherwise applicable minimum warranty
period) from the date of purchase of the original product.
(3) Upon validation of the warranty claim, the repaired
or replacement product will be returned to the user freight
prepaid by MUSIC Group.
(4) Warranty claims other than those indicated above
are expressly excluded.
PLEASE RETAIN YOUR SALES RECEIPT. IT IS YOUR PROOF
OF PURCHASE COVERING YOUR LIMITED WARRANTY.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS VOID WITHOUT SUCH PROOF
OF PURCHASE.
§ 2 Online registration
Please do remember to register your new BEHRINGER
equipment right after your purchase at behringer.com
under “Support” and kindly read the terms and conditions
of our limited warranty carefully. Registering your
purchase and equipment with us helps us process
your repair claims quicker and more efficiently.
Thank you for your cooperation!
§ 3 Return materials authorization
Legal Disclaimer
Technical specifications and appearance are subject to change without
notice. The information contained herein is correct at the time of printing.
All trademarks are the property of their respective owners. MUSIC Group
accepts no liability for any loss which may be suffered by any person
who relies either wholly or in part upon any description, photograph or
statement contained herein. Colors and specifications may vary slightly from
product. BEHRINGER products are sold through authorized dealers only.
Distributors and dealers are not agents of MUSIC Group and have absolutely
no authority to bind MUSIC Group by any express or implied undertaking
or representation. This manual is copyrighted. No part of this manual may
be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or
mechanical, including photocopying and recording of any kind, for any
purpose, without the express written permission of MUSIC Group IP Ltd.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
© 2011 MUSIC Group IP Ltd.
Trident Chambers, Wickhams Cay, P.O. Box 146,
Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands
(1) To obtain warranty service, please contact the
retailer from whom the equipment was purchased.
Should your BEHRINGER dealer not be located in your
vicinity, you may contact the BEHRINGER distributor for
your country listed under “Support” at behringer.com.
If your country is not listed, please check if your problem
can be dealt with by our “Online Support” which may
also be found under “Support” at behringer.com.
Alternatively, please submit an online warranty claim at
behringer.com BEFORE returning the product. All inquiries
must be accompanied by a description of the problem
and the serial number of the product. After verifying
the product’s warranty eligibility with the original sales
receipt, MUSIC Group will then issue a Return Materials
Authorization (“RMA”) number.
Lega
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
(2) Subsequently, the product must be returned in
its original shipping carton, together with the return
authorization number to the address indicated by
MUSIC Group.
(3) Shipments without freight prepaid will not
be accepted.
§ 4 Warranty Exclusions
(1) This limited warranty does not cover consumable
parts including, but not limited to, fuses and batteries.
Where applicable, MUSIC Group warrants the valves or
meters contained in the product to be free from defects in
material and workmanship for a period of ninety (90) days
from date of purchase.
(2) This limited warranty does not cover the product
if it has been electronically or mechanically modified
in any way. If the product needs to be modified or
adapted in order to comply with applicable technical
or safety standards on a national or local level, in any
country which is not the country for which the product
was originally developed and manufactured, this
modification/adaptation shall not be considered a defect
in materials or workmanship. This limited warranty does
not cover any such modification/adaptation, regardless
of whether it was carried out properly or not. Under the
terms of this limited warranty, MUSIC Group shall not
be held responsible for any cost resulting from such a
modification/adaptation.
(3) This limited warranty covers only the product
hardware. It does not cover technical assistance for
hardware or software usage and it does not cover
any software products whether or not contained in
the product. Any such software is provided “AS IS”
unless expressly provided for in any enclosed software
limited warranty.
(4) This limited warranty is invalid if the factoryapplied serial number has been altered or removed from
the product.
(5) Free inspections and maintenance/repair work
are expressly excluded from this limited warranty, in
particular, if caused by improper handling of the product
by the user. This also applies to defects caused by normal
wear and tear, in particular, of faders, crossfaders,
potentiometers, keys/buttons, guitar strings, illuminants
and similar parts.
(6) Damage/defects caused by the following conditions
are not covered by this limited warranty:
• improper handling, neglect or failure to operate the
unit in compliance with the instructions given in
BEHRINGER user or service manuals;
• connection or operation of the unit in any way
that does not comply with the technical or safety
regulations applicable in the country where the
product is used;
• damage/defects caused by acts of God/Nature
(accident, fire, flood, etc) or any other condition that
is beyond the control of MUSIC Group.
(7) Any repair or opening of the unit carried out by
unauthorized personnel (user included) will void the
limited warranty.
(8) If an inspection of the product by MUSIC Group
shows that the defect in question is not covered by the
limited warranty, the inspection costs are payable by
the customer.
(9) Products which do not meet the terms of this
limited warranty will be repaired exclusively at the buyer’s
expense. MUSIC Group or its authorized service center will
inform the buyer of any such circumstance. If the buyer
fails to submit a written repair order within 6 weeks after
notification, MUSIC Group will return the unit C.O.D. with
a separate invoice for freight and packing. Such costs will
also be invoiced separately when the buyer has sent in a
written repair order.
(10) Authorized BEHRINGER dealers do not sell new
products directly in online auctions. Purchases made
through an online auction are on a “buyer beware” basis.
Online auction confirmations or sales receipts are not
accepted for warranty verification and MUSIC Group will
not repair or replace any product purchased through an
online auction.
§ 5 Warranty transferability
This limited warranty is extended exclusively to the
original buyer (customer of authorized retail dealer) and
is not transferable to anyone who may subsequently
purchase this product. No other person (retail dealer, etc.)
shall be entitled to give any warranty promise on behalf
of MUSIC Group.
§ 6 Claim for damage
Subject only to the operation of mandatory applicable
local laws, MUSIC Group shall have no liability to the buyer
under this warranty for any consequential or indirect
loss or damage of any kind. In no event shall the liability
of MUSIC Group under this limited warranty exceed the
invoiced value of the product.
§ 7 Limitation of liability
This limited warranty is the complete and exclusive
warranty between you and MUSIC Group. It supersedes
all other written or oral communications related to this
product. MUSIC Group provides no other warranties for
this product.
§ 8 Other warranty rights and
national law
(1) This limited warranty does not exclude or limit the
buyer’s statutory rights as a consumer in any way.
(2) The limited warranty regulations mentioned herein
are applicable unless they constitute an infringement of
applicable mandatory local laws.
(3) This warranty does not detract from the seller’s
obligations in regard to any lack of conformity of the
product and any hidden defect.
§ 9 Amendment
Warranty service conditions are subject to change without
notice. For the latest warranty terms and conditions
and additional information regarding MUSIC Group’s
limited warranty, please see complete details online at
behringer.com.
* MUSIC Group Macao Commercial Offshore Limited of
Rue de Pequim No. 202-A, Macau Finance Centre 9/J, Macau,
including all MUSIC Group companies
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
1. Introduction
1.1 General mixing console functions
The microphone channels feature high-end XENYX Mic Preamps that compare
well with costly outboard preamps in terms of sound quality and dynamics and
boast the following features:
A mixing console fulfils three main functions:
• 130 dB dynamic range for an incredible amount of headroom
• A bandwidth ranging from below 10 Hz to over 200 kHz for crystal-clear
reproduction of even the finest nuances
• The extremely low-noise and distortion-free circuitry guarantees absolutely
natural and transparent signal reproduction
• They are perfectly matched to every conceivable microphone with up to
60 dB gain and +48 volt phantom power supply
• They enable you to use the greatly extended dynamic range of your
24-bit/192 kHz HD recorder to the full, thereby maintaining optimal
audio quality
“British EQ”
The equalizers used for the XENYX Series are based on the legendary circuitry of
top-notch consoles made in Britain, which are renowned throughout the world
for their incredibly warm and musical sound character. Even with extreme gain
settings these equalizers ensure outstanding audio properties.
Multi-effects processor
Additionally, your XENYX mixing console has an effects processor with 24-bit A/D
and D/A converters included, which gives you 100 presets producing first-class
reverb, delay and modulation effects plus numerous multi-effects in excellent
audio quality.
The XENYX mixing consoles are equipped with a state-of-the-art switchedmode power supply (SMPS). Unlike conventional circuitry an SMPS provides
an optimum supply current regardless of the input voltage. And thanks to its
considerably higher efficiency a switched-mode power supply uses less energy
than conventional power supplies.
USB/Audio interface
The USB interface supplied with the unit is a perfect match for the XENYX Series
and serves as a powerful recording interface to your PC or MAC. It supports
the digital transmission of signals on up to four channels with max. 48 kHz
and extremely low latency. When wired to the CD/TAPE INPUT and OUTPUT
connectors, the interface transfers the stereo mix from the console directly to a
computer. Both the recording signal and the playback signal from the computer
can be monitored at the same time. In this way, you can use several recording
runs to produce complete multi-track recordings.
!!
Caution!
◊ We should like to draw your attention to the fact that extreme volumes
may damage your hearing and/or your headphones or loudspeakers.
Turn the MAIN MIX faders and phones control in the main section
fully down before you switch on the unit. Always be careful to set the
appropriate volume.
• Signal processing: Preamplification, level adjustment, mixing of effects,
frequency equalization.
• Signal distribution: Summing of signals to the aux sends for effects
processing and monitor mix, distribution to one or several recording tracks,
power amp(s), control room and 2-track outputs.
• Mix: Setting the volume level, frequency distribution and positioning of the
individual signals in the stereo field, level control of the total mix to match
the recording devices/crossover/power amplifier(s). All other mixer functions
can be included in this main function.
The interface of BEHRINGER mixing consoles is optimized for these tasks enabling
you to easily keep track of the signal path.
1.2 The user’s manual
The user’s manual is designed to give you both an overview of the controls,
as well as detailed information on how to use them. In order to help you
understand the links between the controls, we have arranged them in groups
according to their function. If you need to know more about specific issues,
please visit our website at http://behringer.com, where you’ll find explanations of
e.g. effects and dynamics applications.
◊ The block diagram supplied with the mixing console gives you an
overview of the connections between the inputs and outputs, as well
as the associated switches and controls.
For the moment, just try and trace the signal path from the microphone input
to the aux send 1 connector. Don’t be put off by the huge range of possibilities;
it’s easier than you think! If you look at the overview of the controls at the same
time, you’ll be able to quickly familiarize yourself with your mixing console and
you’ll soon be making the most of all its many possibilities.
1.3 Before you get started
1.3.1 Shipment
Your mixing console was carefully packed in the factory to guarantee safe
transport. Nevertheless, we recommend that you carefully examine the
packaging and its contents for any signs of physical damage, which may have
occurred during transit.
◊ If the unit is damaged, please do NOT return it to us, but notify your
dealer and the shipping company immediately, otherwise claims for
damage or replacement may not be granted.
1.3.2 Initial operation
Be sure that there is enough space around the unit for cooling purposes and to
avoid over-heating please do not place your mixing console on high-temperature
devices such as radiators or power amps. The console is connected to the
mains via the supplied cable. The console meets the required safety standards.
Blown fuses must only be replaced by fuses of the same type and rating.
◊ Please note that all units must be properly grounded. For your own
safety, you should never remove any ground connectors from electrical
devices or power cables, or render them in­operative.
◊ Please ensure that only qualified people install and operate the
mixing console. During installation and operation, the user must have
sufficient electrical contact to earth, otherwise electrostatic discharges
might affect the operation of the unit.
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
1.3.3 Online registration
2.1.2 Equalizer
Please register your new BEHRINGER equipment right after your purchase
by visiting http://behringer.com and read the terms and conditions of our
warranty carefully.
All mono input channels include a 3-band equalizer.
All bands provide boost or cut of up to 15 dB. In the
central position, the equalizer is inactive.
Should your BEHRINGER product malfunction, it is our intention to have it
repaired as quickly as possible. To arrange for warranty service, please contact
the BEHRINGER retailer from whom the equipment was purchased. Should your
BEHRINGER dealer not be located in your vicinity, you may directly contact
one of our subsidiaries. Corresponding contact information is included in the
original equipment packaging (Global Contact Information/European Contact
Information). Should your country not be listed, please contact the distributor
nearest you. A list of distributors can be found in the support area of our website
(http://behringer.com).
The circuitry of the British EQs is based on the
technology used in the best-known top-of-the-line
consoles and providing a warm sound without any
unwanted side effects. The result are extremely
musical equalizers which, unlike simple equalizers,
cause no side effects such as phase shifting or
bandwidth limitation, even with extreme gain
settings of ±15 dB.
Registering your purchase and equipment with us helps us process your repair
claims more quickly and efficiently.
Thank you for your cooperation!
2. Control Elements and Connectors
This chapter describes the various control elements of your mixing console.
All controls, switches and connectors will be discussed in detail.
2.1 Mono channels
2.1.1 Microphone and line inputs
The upper (HI) and the lower band (LO) are shelving filters that increase or
decrease all frequencies above or below their cut-off frequency. The cut-off
frequencies of the upper and lower band are 12 kHz and 80 Hz respectively.
The mid band is configured as a peak filter with a center frequency
of 2.5 kHz.
2.1.3 Aux sends
Aux sends take signals via a control from one or
more channels and sum these signals to a so-called
bus. This bus signal is sent to an aux send connector
and then routed, for example, to an active monitor
speaker or an external effects device. The return from
an external effect can then be brought back into the
console via the aux return connectors.
Fig. 2.3: The AUX SEND
MIC
For situations which require effects processing,
controls in the channel strips
the aux sends are usually switched post-fader so that
the effects volume in a channel corresponds to the position of the channel fader.
If this were not the case, the effects signal of the channel would remain audible
even when the fader is turned to zero. When setting up a monitor mix, the aux
sends are generally switched to pre-fader; i.e. they operate independently of the
position of the channel fader.
Each mono input channel offers a balanced
microphone input via the XLR connector and also
features switchable +48 V phantom power supply for
condenser microphones. The XENYX preamps provide
undistorted and noise-free gain as is typically known
only from costly outboard preamps.
Both aux sends are mono, are sourced after the equalizer and offer up to
+15 dB gain.
◊ Please mute your playback system before
you activate the phantom power supply to
prevent switch-on thumps being directed
to your loud­speakers. Please also note the
instructions in chapter 2.4.2 “Voltage supply,
phantom power and fuse”.
Fig. 2.2: The equalizer
of the input channels
◊ If you press the MUTE/ALT 3-4 switch, aux send 1 is muted,
Fig. 2.1: Connectors and
controls of mic/line inputs
LINE IN
Each mono input also features a balanced line input on a ¼" connector.
Unbalanced devices (mono jacks) can also be connected to these inputs.
◊ Please remember that you can only use either the microphone
or the line input of a channel at any one time. You can never use
both simultaneously!
provided that it is switched post-fader. However, this does not affect
the aux send 2 of the 1204FX.
AUX 1 (MON)
In the 1204FX, aux send 1 can be switched pre-fader and is thus particularly
suitable for setting up monitor mixes. In the 1204, the first aux send is labeled
MON and is permanently switched pre-fader.
PRE
When the PRE switch is pressed, aux send 1 is sourced pre-fader.
LOW CUT
AUX 2 (FX)
The mono channels of the mixing consoles have a high-slope LOW CUT filter for
eliminating unwanted, low-frequency signal components (75 Hz, 18 dB/octave).
The aux send labeled FX is for sending to effects devices and is thus set up to be
post-fader.
GAIN
Use the GAIN control to adjust the input gain. This control should always be
turned fully counterclockwise whenever you connect or disconnect a signal
source to one of the inputs.
In the 1204FX, the FX send is routed directly to the built-in effects processor.
◊ If you wish to use the internal effects processor, the STEREO AUX
RETURN 2 connectors should not be in use.
◊ 1204FX: you can also connect an external effects processor to
aux send 2, however the internal effects module will be muted.
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
2.1.4 Routing switch, solo and channel fader
2.2.4 Routing switch, solo and channel fader
PAN
BAL
The PAN control determines the position of the channel
signal within the stereo image. This control features a
constant-power characteristic, which means the signal
is always maintained at a constant level, irrespective of
position in the stereo panorama.
The function of the BAL(ANCE) control corresponds to the PAN control in the
mono channels.
The balance control determines the relative proportion between the left and
right input signals before both signals are routed to the main stereo mix bus.
The MUTE/ALT 3-4 switch, the MUTE-LED, the CLIP-LED, the SOLO switch and the
channel fader function in the same way as the mono channels.
MUTE/ALT 3-4
You can use the MUTE/ALT 3-4 switch to divert the
channel from the main mix bus to the Alt 3-4 bus.
This mutes the channel from the main mix.
2.3 Connector panel and main section
Whereas it was useful to trace the signal flow from top to bottom in order to gain
an understanding of the channel strips, we now look at the mixing console from
left to right. The signals are, so to speak, collected from the same point on each of
the channel strips and then routed to the main section all together.
MUTE-LED
The MUTE LED indicates that the relevant channel is
diverted to the submix (Alt 3-4 bus).
2.3.1 Aux sends 1 and 2
CLIP-LED
The CLIP LED lights up when the input signal is driven
too high. In this case, turn down the GAIN control and,
if necessary, check the setting of the channel EQ.
Fig. 2.4: Panorama and
routing controls
SOLO
The SOLO switch (1204FX only) is used to route the channel signal to the solo bus
(Solo In Place) or to the PFL bus (Pre Fader Listen). This enables you to monitor a
channel signal without affecting the main output signal. The signal you hear is
sourced either before (PFL, mono) or after (solo, stereo) both the pan control and
the channel fader (see chapter 2.3.6 “Level meters and monitoring”).
A channel signal is routed to aux send bus 1 if the AUX 1
control is turned up on the corresponding channel.
AUX SEND 1 (MON)
The AUX SEND control MON acts as master control for
aux send 1 and determines the level of the summed
signal. In the 1204FX, the MON control is called
AUX SEND 1.
Fig. 2.6: AUX SEND controls
of the main section
AUX SEND 2 (FX)
Similarly, the FX control (AUX SEND 2) determines the level for aux send 2.
The channel fader determines the level of the channel signal in the main mix
(or submix).
SOLO
2.2 Stereo channels
You can use the SOLO switch (1204FX only) to separately monitor the aux sends
via the CONTROL ROOM/PHONES outputs and check these with the level meters.
◊ If you want to monitor the signal of just one AUX bus, none of the other
2.2.1 Channel inputs
SOLO SWITCHES should be pressed and the MODE switch must be in the
SOLO position (not pressed down).
Each stereo channel has two balanced line level inputs
on ¼" connectors for left and right channels. If only the
connector marked “L” is used, the channel operates in
mono. Stereo channels are designed to handle typical
line level signals.
2.3.2 Aux send connectors 1 and 2
AUX SEND 1
Both inputs can also be used with unbalanced jacks.
LEVEL
Fig. 2.5: Stereo channel
inputs and LEVEL switch
For level matching, the stereo inputs feature a LEVEL switch which selects
between +4 dBu and -10 dBV. At -10 dBV (home-recording level), the input is
more sensitive than at +4 dBu (studio level).
2.2.2 Equalizer stereo channels
The equalizer of the stereo channels is, of course, stereo. The filter characteristics
and crossover frequencies are the same as those of the mono channels. A stereo
equalizer is always preferable to two mono equalizers if frequency correction of a
stereo signal is needed. There is often a discrepancy between the settings of the
left and the right channels when using separate equalizers.
2.2.3 Aux sends stereo channels
In principle, the aux sends of the stereo channels function in just the same way as
those of the mono channels. As aux send paths are always mono, the signal on a
stereo channel is first summed to mono before it reaches the aux bus.
If you use aux send 1 pre-fader, you would usually
connect the AUX SEND 1 connector to monitors via a
power amp (or an active monitor system). If you use
aux send 1 post-fader, proceed as described under
aux send 2.
AUX SEND 2
Fig. 2.7: Aux send
connectors
The AUX SEND 2 connector outputs the signal you
picked up from the individual channels using the FX control. You can connect this
to the input of an effects device in order to process the FX bus signal. Once an
effects mix is created, the processed signal can then be routed from the effects
device output back into the STEREO AUX RETURN connectors.
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
2.3.3 Stereo aux return connectors
MAIN MIX/ALT 3-4
STEREO AUX RETURN 1
The MAIN MIX/ALT 3-4 switch routes the signal connected to STEREO AUX RETURN 2
to either main mix (not pressed) or submix (Alt 3-4, pressed).
The STEREO AUX RETURN 1 connectors
generally serve as the return path for the
effects mix generated using the post-fader aux
send. This is where you connect the output
signal of the external effects device. If only
the left connector is used, the AUX RETURN
automatically operates in mono.
2.3.5 Tape input / tape output
CD/TAPE INPUT
Fig. 2.8: Stereo aux return
connectors
◊ You can also use these connectors as
additional line inputs.
STEREO AUX RETURN 2
The STEREO AUX RETURN 2 connectors serve as the return path for the effects
mix generated using the FX control. If these connectors already function as
additional inputs, you can route the effects signal back into the console via a
different channel, with the added benefit that the channel EQ can be used to
adjust the frequency response of the effects return signal.
◊ In this instance, the FX control of the channel being used as an effects
return should be turned fully counterclockwise, otherwise feedback
problems could occur!
◊ If you wish to use the internal effects processor, no connectors should be
plugged into STEREO AUX RETURN 2.
The CD/TAPE INPUT RCA connectors are provided
for connecting a 2 track machine (e.g. DAT
recorder). They can also be used as stereo line input.
Alternatively, the output signal of a second XENYX
or BEHRINGER ULTRALINK PRO MX882 can also be
connected. If you connect a hi-fi amplifier with a
Fig. 2.10: 2-track connectors
source selection switch to the CD/TAPE INPUT, you can
easily switch between additional sources (e.g. cassette recorder, CD player, etc.).
CD/TAPE OUTPUT
These connectors are wired in parallel with the MAIN OUT and carry the main
mix signal (unbalanced). Connect the CD/TAPE OUTPUT to the inputs of your
recording device. The final output level can be adjusted via the high-precision
MAIN MIX fader.
◊ If you connect a compressor or a noise gate after the 2-track
output, the faders will probably not be able to create a satisfactory
fade-out effect.
2.3.6 Level meter and monitoring
2.3.4 Stereo aux return
STEREO AUX RETURN 1
STEREO AUX RETURN 1 is a stereo control which
determines the level of the signal in the main
mix. If STEREO AUX RETURN 1 is used as effects
return, you can add the effects signal to any “dry”
channel signal.
◊ In this instance, the effects device should
be set at 100% effect.
Fig. 2.9: Stereo aux return controls
STEREO AUX RETURN MON
The STEREO AUX RETURN MON control has a special function: it can be used to
add an effect to a monitor mix. For example:
Monitor mix with effect
In this instance, the effects device should be set up as follows: AUX SEND 2 is
connected to the L/Mono input of your effects device, while its outputs are
connected to STEREO AUX RETURN 1. Connect the amplifier of your monitor system
to AUX SEND 1. The AUX SEND 1 master control determines the volume of the
monitor mix.
You can now use the STEREO AUX RETURN MON control to adjust the level of the
effects signal routed to the monitor mix.
You can easily use the headphones distribution amplifier BEHRINGER POWERPLAY
PRO HA4600/HA4700/HA8000 to provide you with four (or eight with the HA8000)
stereo headphone mixes for your studio.
STEREO AUX RETURN 2 (FX)
The STEREO AUX RETURN 2 control determines the level of signals fed into the
AUX RETURN 2 connectors which are routed to the main mix.
Fig. 2.11: Control room/phones section, level meter
CD/TAPE
The TAPE switch routes the signal from the TAPE IN connectors to the level meter,
the CONTROL ROOM OUT outputs and the PHONES connector this is a simple way
to check recorded signals via monitor speakers or headphones.
ALT 3-4
Similarly, the ALT 3-4 switch routes the signal from the
Alt 3-4 bus to the same path for monitoring purposes.
MAIN MIX
The MAIN MIX switch sends the main mix signal to the above-mentioned outputs
and to the level meter.
PHONES/CTRL R(oom)
Use this control to set control room output level and head-phones
volume respectively.
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
CD/TAPE TO MAIN
When the CD/TAPE TO MAIN switch is depressed, the 2-track input is routed to
the main mix and thus serves as an additional input for tape machines. You can
also connect MIDI instruments or other signal sources here that do not require
any further processing. At the same time, this switch disables the main mix to
tape output link.
POWER
The blue POWER LED indicates that the device is switched on.
+48 V
The red “+48 V” LED lights up when the phantom power supply is switched
on. The phantom power supply is necessary for condenser microphones and is
activated using the switch on the rear of the device.
◊ Please do not connect microphones to the mixer (or the stagebox/
wallbox) while the phantom power supply is switched on.
Connect micro-phones before you switch on the power supply.
In addition, the monitor/PA loudspeakers should be muted before you
activate the phantom power supply. After switching on, wait approx.
one minute to allow for system stabilization.
LEVEL METER
The high-precision level meter accurately displays the appropriate signal level.
LEVEL SETTING:
When recording to a digital device, the recorder’s peak meter should not exceed
0 dB. This is because, unlike analog recordings, slightly excessive levels can create
unpleasant digital distortion.
◊ The PAN control in the channel strip offers a constant power
characteristic. This means that the signal is always at a constant level,
irrespective of its position in the stereo panorama. If the PAN control
is moved fully left or right from center, the level increases by 4 dB in
that channel. This ensures that, when set in the center, the audio signal
is not louder. For this reason, with the solo function activated (Solo in
Place), audio signals from the channels with PAN controls that have not
been moved fully to the left or right are displayed at a lower volume
than in the PFL function.
As a rule, solo signals are monitored via the control room outputs and
headphones connector and are displayed by the level meters. If a solo switch is
pressed, the signals from the tape input, Alt 3-4 and main mix are blocked from
the control room outputs, the headphone connector and the level meter.
MAIN SOLO (1204FX only)
The MAIN SOLO LED lights up as soon as a channel or aux send solo switch is
pressed. The MODE switch also has to be set at “Solo”.
PFL (1204FX only)
The PFL LED indicates that the peak meter is set to PFL mode.
PHONES
You can connect headphones to this ¼" TRS
connector. The signal on the PHONES connection is
sourced from the control room output.
Fig. 2.12: PHONES connector
2.3.7 Alt 3-4 and main mix fader
When recording to an analog device, the VU meters of the recording machine
should reach approx. +3 dB with low-frequency signals (e.g. kick drum). Due to
their inertia VU meters tend to display too low a signal level at frequencies above
1 kHz. This is why, for example, a Hi-Hat should only be driven as far as -10 dB.
Snare drums should be driven to approx. 0 dB.
◊ The peak meters of your XENYX display the level virtually independent
of frequency. A recording level of 0 dB is recommended for all
signal types.
MODE (1204FX only)
The MODE switch determines whether the channels’ SOLO switch operates as PFL
(Pre Fader Listen) or as solo (Solo In Place).
PFL
To activate the PFL function, depress the MODE switch. The PFL function should,
as a rule, be used for gain setting purposes. The signal is sourced pre-fader and
assigned to the mono PFL bus. In the “PFL” setting, only the left side of the peak
meter operates. Drive the individual channels to the 0 dB mark of the VU meter.
Solo
When the MODE switch is not depressed, the stereo solo bus is active. Solo is
short for “Solo In Place”. This is the customary method for listening to an
individual signal or to a group of signals. As soon as a solo switch is pressed,
all channels in the control room (and headphones) that have not been selected
are muted thereby retaining stereo panning. The solo bus can carry the output
signals of the channel pan controls, the aux sends and the stereo line inputs.
The solo bus is, as a rule, switched post-fader.
Fig. 2.13: Alt 3-4 and main mix fader
Use the high-precision quality faders to control the output level of the Alt 3-4
subgroup and main mix.
2.4 Rear view of 1204FX/1204
2.4.1 Main mix outputs, Alt 3-4 outputs and
control room outputs
Fig. 2.14: Main mix outputs, Alt 3-4 outputs and control room outputs
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
MAIN OUTPUTS
The MAIN outputs carry the MAIN MIX signal and are on balanced XLR connectors
with a nominal level of +4 dBu.
ALT 3-4 OUTPUTS
The ALT 3-4 outputs are unbalanced and carry the signals of the channels that
you have assigned to this group using the MUTE switch. This can be used to route
a subgroup to a further mixing console for example, or or it could be used as a
recording output working in tandem with the main output. This means you could
record to four tracks simultaneously. The icing on the cake, so to speak, is that
you could connect Y-cables to these four outputs and then connect your 8-track
recorder in such a way that you have 2 x 4 tracks (e.g. channel 1 feeds track 1 and
track 2, etc.). In the first recording pass, you record on tracks 1, 3, 5 and 7 and in
the second pass, on tracks 2, 4, 6 and 8.
◊ Caution! You must never use unbalanced XLR connectors (PIN 1 and 3
connected) on the MIC input connectors if you want to use the phantom
power supply.
SERIAL NUMBER
Please note the important information on the serial number given in
chapter 1.3.3.
3. Digital Effects Processor
CONTROL ROOM OUTPUTS
The control room output is normally connected to the monitor system in the
control room and provides the stereo mix or, when required, the solo signal.
2.4.2 Voltage supply, phantom power and fuse
Fig. 3.1: Digital effects module (only 1204FX)
24-BIT MULTI-EFFECTS PROCESSOR
Fig. 2.15: Voltage supply and fuse
FUSE HOLDER
The console is connected to the mains via the cable supplied which meets the
required safety standards. Blown fuses must only be replaced by fuses of the
same type and rating.
IEC MAINS RECEPTACLE
The mains connection is via a cable with IEC mains connector. An appropriate
mains cable is supplied with the equipment.
POWER
Use the POWER switch to power up the mixing console.
PHANTOM
The PHANTOM switch activates the phantom power supply for the XLR
connectors of the mono channels which is required to operate condenser
microphones. The red +48 V LED lights up when phantom power is on. As a
rule, dynamic microphones can still be used with phantom power switched
on, provided that they are wired in a balanced configuration. In case of doubt,
contact the microphone manufacturer!
◊ After the phantom power supply has been switched on, do not connect
microphones to the mixer (or the stagebox/wallbox). Connect the
microphones before you switch phantom power on. In addition,
the monitor/PA loudspeakers should be muted before activating the
phantom power supply. After switching on, wait approx. one minute to
allow the system to stabilize.
Here you can find a list of all presets stored in the multi-effects processor.
This built-in effects module produces high-grade standard effects such as
reverb, chorus, flanger, delay and various combination effects. The integrated
effects module has the advantage of requiring no wiring. This way, the danger
of creating ground loops or uneven signal levels is eliminated at the outset,
completely simplifying the handling.
These effect presets are designed to be added to dry signals. If you move the
FX TO MAIN control, you mix the channel signal (dry) and the effect signal.
This also goes for mixing effects signals with the monitor mix. The main
difference is that the mix ratio is adjusted using the FX TO MON control. Of course,
a signal has to be fed into the effects processor via the FX control in the channel
strip for both applications.
◊ On the following page, you will find an illustration showing how to
connect your foot switch correctly.
LEVEL
The LED level meter on the effects module should display a sufficiently high
level. Take care to ensure that the clip LED only lights up at peak levels. If it is
lit constantly, you are overloading the effects processor and this could cause
unpleasant distortion. The FX control (AUX SEND 2) determines the level that
reaches the effects module.
PROGRAM
You can select the effect preset by turning the PROGRAM control. The display
flashes the number of the current preset. To recall the selected preset, press the
button; the flashing stops. You can also recall the selected preset with the
foot switch.
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
4. Installation
Balanced use with XLR connectors
4.1 Rack mounting
The packaging of your mixing console contains two 19" rack mount wings which
can be installed on the side panels of the console.
Before you can attach the rack mount wings to the mixing console, you need to
remove the screws holding the left and right side panels. Use these screws to
fasten the two wings onto the console, being careful to note that each wing fits
a specific side. With the rack mount wings installed, you can mount the mixing
console in a commercially available 19" rack. Be sure to allow for proper air flow
around the unit, and do not place the mixing console close to radiators or power
amps, so as to avoid overheating.
◊ Only use the screws holding the mixing console side panels to fasten the
2 1
3
input
1 = ground/shield
2 = hot (+ve)
3 = cold (-ve)
1
19" rack mounts.
4.2 Cable connections
You will need a large number of cables for the various connections to and from the
console. The illustrations below show the wiring of these cables. Be sure to use
only high-grade cables.
2
3
output
For unbalanced use, pin 1 and pin 3 have to be bridged
Fig. 4.2: XLR connections
¼" TRS footswitch connector
strain relief clamp
Unbalanced ¼" TS connector
Strain relief clamp
sleeve
Sleeve
ring
tip
Tip
sleeve
ground/shield
Sleeve
(ground/shield)
ring
FX2
tip
FX1
Tip
(signal)
Fig. 4.1: ¼" TS connector for foot switch
Fig. 4.3: ¼" TS connector
4.2.1 Audio connections
Please use commercial RCA cables to wire the 2-track inputs and outputs.
You can, of course, also connect unbalanced devices to the balanced input/outputs.
Use either mono plugs, or ensure that ring and sleeve are bridged inside the stereo
plug (or pins 1 & 3 in the case of XLR connectors).
◊ Caution! You must never use unbalanced XLR connectors (pin 1 and
3 connected) on the MIC inputs if you intend to use the phantom
power supply.
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
5. Specifications
Balanced ¼" TRS connector
strain relief clamp
sleeve
ring
Mono Inputs
Microphone inputs (XENYX Mic Preamp)
Type
XLR, electronically balanced,
discrete input circuit
tip
Mic E.I.N. (20 Hz - 20 kHz)
@ 0 Ω source resistance
sleeve
ground/shield
ring
cold (-ve)
tip
hot (+ve)
For connection of balanced and unbalanced plugs,
ring and sleeve have to be bridged at the stereo plug.
-134 dB / 135.7 dB A-weighted
@ 50 Ω source resistance -131 dB / 133.3 dB A-weighted
@ 150 Ω source resistance -129 dB / 130.5 dB A-weighted
Frequency response
<10 Hz - 150 kHz (-1 dB),
<10 Hz - 200 kHz (-3 dB)
Gain range
+10 to +60 dB
Max. input level
+12 dBu @ +10 dB gain
Impedance
approx. 2.6 kΩ balanced
Signal-to-noise ratio
110 dB / 112 dB A-weighted
(0 dBu In @ +22 dB gain)
Distortion (THD+N)
0.005% / 0.004% A-weighted
Fig. 4.4: ¼" TRS connector
Line input
¼" TRS headphones connector
strain relief clamp
Type
¼" TRS connector electronically balanced
Impedance
approx. 20 kΩ balanced
10 kΩ unbalanced
Gain range
-10 to +40 dB
sleeve
ring
tip
Max. input level
30 dBu
Fade-out attenuation
(Crosstalk attenuation)
1
sleeve
ground/shield
ring
right signal
tip
left signal
Fig. 4.5: ¼" TRS connector for headphones
Main fader closed
90 dB
Channel muted
89.5 dB
Channel fader closed
89 dB
Frequency Response
Microphone input to main out
<10 Hz - 90 kHz
+0 dB / -1 dB
<10 Hz - 160 kHz
+0 dB / -3 dB
Stereo inputs
Type
¼" TRS connector, electronically balanced
Impedance
approx. 20 kΩ
Max. input level
+22 dBu
EQ mono channels
Low
80 Hz / ±15 dB
Mid
2.5 kHz / ±15 dB
High
12 kHz / ±15 dB
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
EQ stereo channels
Physical
Low
80 Hz / ±15 dB
Mid
2.5 kHz / ±15 dB
High
12 kHz / ±15 dB
Aux sends
Type
¼" TS connector, unbalanced
Impedance
approx. 120 Ω
Max. output level
+22 dBu
1204FX
Dimensions (H x W x D)
approx. 3 7/8 x 9 11/16 x 13 5/32"
approx. 97 x 247 x 334 mm
Weight (net)
approx. 5 ¾ lbs / 2.60 kg
1204
Dimensions (H x W x D)
approx. 3 7/8 x 9 11/16 x 13"
approx. 97 x 247 x 328 mm
Weight (net)
approx. 5 5/8 lbs / 2.56 kg
Stereo aux returns
Type
¼" TRS connector, electronically balanced
Measuring conditions:
Impedance
approx. 20 kΩ bal. / 10 kΩ unbalanced
1: 1 kHz rel. to 0 dBu; 20 Hz - 20 kHz; line input; main output; unity gain.
Max. input level
+22 dBu
Main outputs
Type
XLR, electronically balanced
Impedance
approx. 240 Ω bal. / 120 Ω unbalanced
Max. output level
+28 dBu
Control room outputs
Type
¼" TS connector, unbalanced
Impedance
approx. 120 Ω
Max. output level
+22 dBu
Headphones output
Type
¼" TRS connector, unbalanced
Max. output level
+19 dBu / 150 Ω (+25 dBm)
DSP
24-bit Texas Instruments
Converter
24-bit Sigma-Delta,
64/128-times oversampling
Sampling rate
40 kHz
Main Mix System Data2
Noise
Main mix @ -∞, Channel fader -∞
-105 dB / -108 dB A-weighted
Main mix @ 0 dB, Channel fader -∞
-95 dB / -97 dB A-weighted
Main Mix @ 0 dB, Channel fader @ 0 dB
-82,5 dB / -85 dB A-weighted
Power supply
Mains voltage
100 - 240 V~, 50/60 Hz
Power consumption
40 W
Fuse
100 - 240 V~: T 1.6 A H 250 V
Mains connection
Standard IEC receptacle
2: 20 Hz - 20kHz; measured at main output. Channels 1 - 4 unity gain; EQ flat; all channels on main mix;
channels 1/3 as far left as possible, channels 2/4 as far right as possible. Reference = +6 dBu.
BEHRINGER is constantly striving to manintain the highest professional standards. As a result of these efforts,
modifications may be made from time to time to existing products without prior notice. Specifications and
appearance may differ from those listed or illustrated.
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS
COMMISSION COMPLIANCE
INFORMATION
XENYX 1204FX/1204
Responsible party name:
MUSIC Group Services USA, Inc.
Address:
18912 North Creek Parkway,
Suite 200 Bothell, WA 98011,
USA
Phone/Fax No.:
Phone: +1 425 672 0816
Fax: +1 425 673 7647
XENYX 1204FX/1204
complies with the FCC rules as mentioned in the following paragraph:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed
to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined
by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Important information:
Changes or modifications to the equipment not expressly approved by MUSIC Group
can void the user’s authority to use the equipment.
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XENYX 1204FX/1204 User Manual
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