Operator`s manual | Blackberry 8700 Cell Phone User Manual

DB150
BOOM ARM MOWER
Published 07/11
Part No. 02964566C
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
This Operator's Manual is an integral part of the safe operation of this machine and must
be maintained with the unit at all times. READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the Safety
and Operation Instructions contained in this manual before operating the equipment. C01Cover
RHINO
®
1020 S. Sangamon Ave.
Gibson City, IL 60936
800-446-5158
Email: parts@servis-rhino.com
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
$0.00
To the Owner/Operator/Dealer
This Operator's Manual is an integral part of the safe operation of this machine and must be maintained with the
implement at all times. A Manual canister is provided on the implement where this manual can be properly stored.
If you lose or damage this manual a free replacement manual can be obtained from an authorized Rhino dealer or
by down loading the manual from the Rhino website www.servis-rhino.com
BEFORE YOU START! READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the information provided in this manual, the AEM
Mower Safety manual and the tractor operator's manual carefully to learn how to operate and service your machine
properly. Failure to do so could result in personal injury to you and bystanders. All implements with moving parts
are potentially hazardous. Every effort has been made to ensure that this machine is safe, but operators must
avoid engaging in unsafe practices and follow the written instructions provided. The manufacturer has designed
this implement to be used with all its safety equipment properly attached to minimize the chance of accidents.
SAFETY FIRST. Completely read and understand the safety section of this manual before operating this
equipment. Do not allow anyone to operate this equipment who has not fully read and understood this manual.
Contact your Dealer to explain any instructions that you do not fully understand.
The care you give your Rhino Implement will greatly determine your satisfaction with its performance and its
service life. Carefully read and follow the instructions in this manual to provide you with a thorough understanding
of your new implement and its intended use and service requirements.
All references made in this manual to right, left, front, rear, top or bottom are as viewed facing the direction of
forward travel with the implement properly attached to the tractor.
Replacement Parts information is located in a separate Parts Manual. Rhino mowers use balanced and matched
system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts, knives, knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components,
and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Rhino specifications. Non-genuine “will fit” parts do not
consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will fit” parts may reduce mower performance, void warranties,
and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Rhino mower parts for economy and safety.
For future reference, record your Rhino product model number and serial number.
Dealer
Telephone
Model Number
Owner
Purchase Date
Serial Number
SERIAL NUMBER PLATE
In order to reduce accidents and enhance the safe operation of mowers, Alamo Group Ag Division, in cooperation
with other industry manufacturers has developed the AEM/FEMA Industrial and Agricultural Mower Safety
Practices video and guide book.
The video will familiarize and instruct mower-tractor operators in safe practices when using industrial and
agricultural mowing equipment. It is important that Every Mower Operator be educated in the operation of their
mowing equipment and be able to recognize the potential hazards that can occur while operating a mower. This
video, along with the mower operator’s manual and the warning messages on the mower, will significantly assist in
this important education.
Your Authorized Rhino Dealer may have shown this video and presented you a DVD Video when you purchased
your mower. If you or any mower operator have not seen this video, Watch the Video, Read this Operator’s
Manual, and Complete the Video Guidebook before operating your new mower. If you do not understand any of
the instructions included in the video or operator’s manual or if you have any questions concerning safety of
operation, contact your supervisor, dealer or Alamo Group Ag.
If you would like a VHS video tape of the video, please email AEMVideo@alamo-group.com or Fax AEM VHS
Video at (830) 372-9529 or mail in a completed copy of the form on the back of this page to AEM VHS Video 1502
E Walnut Street, Seguin, TX 78155. and request the VHS video version. Please include your name, mailing
address, mower model and serial number.
Every operator should be trained for each piece of equipment (Tractor and Mower), understand the intended use
and the potential hazards before operating the equipment.
The information and material listed above along with this Operator’s Manual can assist you in meeting the OSHA
requirement for Operator annual training.
OSHA TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
The following training requirements have been taken from Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations Part
1928.57 (a)(6). www.osha.gov
Operator Instructions. At the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter, the employer shall instruct
every employee who operates an agricultural tractor or implement in the safe operating practices and servicing of
equipment with which they are or will be involved, and of any other practices dictated by the work environment.
Alamo Group Ag. Division will provide
one (1) AEM Mower Safety Practices Video
Please Send Me:
VHS Format – AEM/FEMA Mower Operator Safety Video
DVD Format – AEM/FEMA Mower Operator Safety Video
Mower Operator’s Manual
AEM Mower Operator’s Safety Manual
Requester Name:_________________________________Phone:___________________________
Requester Address: ___________________________________________
City:_____________________________________
State: ____________________________________
Zip Code:_________________________________
Mower Model:___________________________Serial Number:_____________________________
Date Purchased:__________________________Dealer Salesperson:_________________________
Dealership Name:________________________ Dealership Location:________________________
Mail to:
AEM Video Services
1502 E. Walnut Street
Seguin, TX 78155
Or Fax to:
(830) 372-9529
Or Email to:
AEMVideo@alamo-group.com
AEM Mower Video
DEALER to CUSTOMER Pre-Delivery / Operation Instructions
Dealer should inform the Purchaser of this product of Warranty terms, provisions, and procedures that are
applicable. Dealer should also inform the Purchaser to review the contents of the Operator’s Manual including
safety equipment, safe operation and maintenance, to review the Safety Signs on the implement (and tractor if
possible) and of Purchaser’s responsibility to train his/her operators in safe operation procedures.
•
IMPLEMENTS: I have explained that Deflectors, Chain Guards, or Solid Skirts must be installed and
maintained in good repair.
•
DRIVELINES: I have made certain that all driveline, gearbox, and other shields are in good repair and fastened
securely in place to prevent injuries from entanglement or thrown objects.
•
HYDRAULIC MACHINES: I have explained the necessity of using clean hydraulic oil, changing filters as
instructed, stopping leaks, damage caused by operating with over-heated oil, caring for hoses, using hoses of
proper rating, maintaining the specified operating pressure and the potential hazard of oil’s penetrating the
skin.
•
FOLDING-TYPE IMPLEMENTS: I have explained that it is not possible to guard against thrown objects when
the head is lifted off ground and that operator is responsible to watch out for persons in the area. I have
explained that the lifted mower head or boom can contact overhead obstructions with damage to cables and
telephone lines and possible injury. I have explained that the extended head or boom or retracted boom can
contact power lines with resulting electrocution, injury or death and that operator is responsible for keeping
clear of such hazards.
PRE-DELIVERY SERVICE
CHECK AND ADJUST OR LUBRICATE AS REQUIRED
See Operator’s Manual for Details
Inspection Performed - Warranty and Safety Procedures Explained - Installation Complete
LUBRICATION & HYDRAULICS
MOWER TO TRACTOR CONNECTIONS
 Gearbox (Oil Levels)
 Draw Bar Length (Check And Set)
 Hydraulic Oil Level (External Tank)
 A-Frame Pivot & Links
 Tractor Hydraulic Oil Level
 Control Rods (Adjusted Equal)
 Hydraulic Hoses (Not Kinked Tighten Connections)
 Axle Height (Adjusted)
 Front Pump Drive (Assembly Is Tight And Shaft Properly  Cutting Height (Adjust)
Aligned)
 Mount Kit-Pre-Operation Check Complete
 Mower Wing (Adjust Level With The Center)
MOWER
 Mower Wing (Check For Proper Raising Operation)
 Spindle And Motor Bolts Properly Torqued
 C.V. Drivelines (Check Max Turn Radius)
 Spindle Oil Level
 Pull Type Hitch (Height Adjustment)
 Blade Carrier Bolts Properly Torqued/Retaining Pin In  Mounting Hardware Properly Torqued
Place
 Mower Cutting Height And Level Adjusted
 Cutting Shaft Bearings Lubricated
 All Hardware Properly Torqued
 Tire and Air Pressure/Lug Nuts (Correct Torque)
 Wheel Bearings (Check, Grease, and Preload)
ATTACHMENTS & INSTALLATION
 Deflectors Front And Rear
 Shredding Attachments
 Correct Blade Rotation Direction
 Axle Arms And Beams
 Tongue And Control Rods (Installed And Adjusted)
 All Bolts - Pins And Nuts (Proper Torque)
SAFETY ITEMS
 Protective Shields (Operation And Installation)
 Driveline Clutch (Torque Limiter) (Adjust And Run In)
 Safety Decals (Installed)
 Operator’s Manual (Supplied)
 Tractor PTO Shield (Installed)
 S.M.V. Emblem (Installed If Needed)
 Tongue Jack (Installation and Operation)
 Safety Tow Chain (Installed)
 ADMA Driveline Safety Manual Supplied
 AEM Mower Safety Manual (Supplied in Canister)
 AEM Mower Safety Video has been shown to Purchaser
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY SECTION .................................................................................................................1-1
GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND PRACTICES .................................................................................... 1-2
OPERATOR SAFETY ........................................................................................................................................... 1-3
CRUSHING HAZARDS ......................................................................................................................................... 1-4
CONNECTING OR DISCONNECTING IMPLEMENT SAFETY ........................................................................... 1-5
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS .......................................................................................................................... 1-6
RUN OVER HAZARDS ......................................................................................................................................... 1-8
PTO ENTANGLEMENT HAZARDS ...................................................................................................................... 1-9
MOWER BLADE CONTACT HAZARDS ............................................................................................................. 1-10
HIGH PRESSURE OIL LEAK HAZARD .............................................................................................................. 1-11
ELECTRICAL & FIRE HAZARDS ....................................................................................................................... 1-12
TRANSPORTING HAZARDS ............................................................................................................................. 1-13
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT .......................................................................................... 1-14
PARTS INFORMATION ...................................................................................................................................... 1-15
Decal Location .................................................................................................................................................... 1-15
Decal Description ................................................................................................................................................ 1-19
Federal Laws and Regulations ........................................................................................................................... 1-30
INTRODUCTION SECTION ....................................................................................................2-1
Features ................................................................................................................................................................ 2-3
ASSEMBLY SECTION ...........................................................................................................3-1
General Assembly ................................................................................................................................................. 3-2
TRACTOR PREPARATION .................................................................................................................................. 3-3
MAINFRAME ATTACHMENT .............................................................................................................................. 3-3
HEAD ATTACHMENT .......................................................................................................................................... 3-5
ATTACHMENT OF HYDRAULIC HOSES ............................................................................................................ 3-6
SIDE GAUGE WHEEL (OPTIONAL) .................................................................................................................. 3-10
OPERATION SECTION ..........................................................................................................3-1
OPERATOR REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................................ 3-3
TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS ...............................................................................................................................3-4
ROPS and Seat Belt ............................................................................................................................................. 3-4
Tractor Safety Devices .......................................................................................................................................... 3-4
Tractor Horsepower .............................................................................................................................................. 3-4
3-Point Hitch ......................................................................................................................................................... 3-5
Front End Weight .................................................................................................................................................. 3-5
Power Take Off (PTO) .......................................................................................................................................... 3-5
Tire Spacing .......................................................................................................................................................... 3-6
GETTING ON AND OFF THE TRACTOR ............................................................................................................ 3-6
Boarding the Tractor ............................................................................................................................................. 3-7
Dismounting the Tractor ........................................................................................................................................ 3-7
STARTING THE TRACTOR ................................................................................................................................. 3-8
CONNECTING THE MOWER TO THE TRACTOR .............................................................................................. 3-8
Connecting the Boom Mower ................................................................................................................................ 3-9
SETTING THE MOWER ....................................................................................................................................... 3-9
Setting Boom Mower Height ............................................................................................................................... 3-10
Setting Deck Pitch ............................................................................................................................................... 3-11
DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT ............................................................................................................................... 3-11
Driveline Length Check ....................................................................................................................................... 3-12
PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION AND SERVICE .............................................................................................. 3-13
Tractor Pre-Operation Inspection/Service ........................................................................................................... 3-14
Boom Unit Pre-Operation Inspection and Service .............................................................................................. 3-14
Cutting Component Inspection ............................................................................................................................ 3-18
Cutting Component Inspection-Blade Bar ........................................................................................................... 3-19
Blade Bolt Inspection .......................................................................................................................................... 3-20
DRIVING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT .................................................................................................... 3-23
Starting the Tractor ............................................................................................................................................. 3-24
Brake and Differential Lock Setting ..................................................................................................................... 3-25
Driveline Angle Problems .................................................................................................................................... 3-26
Driving the Tractor and Boom ............................................................................................................................. 3-27
OPERATING THE BOOM UNIT AND ATTACHED HEAD ................................................................................. 3-28
Operating Instructions ......................................................................................................................................... 3-28
Operating the Control Valve ................................................................................................................................ 3-29
Foreign Debris Hazards/Overhead Obstructions ................................................................................................ 3-30
Operating Speed and Ground Speed ................................................................................................................. 3-31
Shutting Down the Implement ............................................................................................................................. 3-33
DISCONNECTING THE MOWER FROM THE TRACTOR ................................................................................ 3-33
TRANSPORTING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT ...................................................................................... 3-34
Transporting on Public Roadways ...................................................................................................................... 3-35
Hauling the Tractor and Implement ..................................................................................................................... 3-37
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE ...........................................................................................................................3-39
MAINTENANCE SECTION .....................................................................................................1-1
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT ............................................................................................ 1-2
PARTS INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................................ 1-3
LUBRICATION INFORMATION ............................................................................................................................ 1-3
HYDRAULIC FLUID .............................................................................................................................................. 1-5
Proper Oil Level .................................................................................................................................................... 1-6
DRIVELINE LUBRICATION .................................................................................................................................. 1-7
MAIN DRIVELINE & CAT 4 SAFETY SHIELD ...................................................................................................... 1-8
BLADES .............................................................................................................................................................. 1-10
BLADE SERVICING ........................................................................................................................................... 1-11
BLADE SHARPENING ....................................................................................................................................... 1-12
BLADE REMOVAL .............................................................................................................................................. 1-12
BLADE CARRIER REMOVAL ............................................................................................................................ 1-13
BLADE CARRIER INSTALLATION .................................................................................................................... 1-13
Hardware ............................................................................................................................................................ 1-14
Cylinder Rod Maintenance .................................................................................................................................. 1-14
Boom Cylinder Removal and Replacement Instructions ..................................................................................... 1-15
Hydraulic Component Maintenance Schedule .................................................................................................... 1-16
LEXAN Sheet Cleaning Recommendations ........................................................................................................ 1-16
Cleaning Procedure for Small Areas - Manual .................................................................................................... 1-16
Cleaning Procedure for Large Areas - Automated .............................................................................................. 1-17
Other Important Instructions for All Lexan Sheets: ............................................................................................. 1-17
Additional Important Considerations for Multiwall, Corrugated and Sign Sheet .................................................. 1-17
Graffiti removal from Lexan* Margard* sheet ...................................................................................................... 1-17
STORAGE .......................................................................................................................................................... 1-18
PROPER TORQUE FOR FASTENERS ............................................................................................................. 1-18
SERVICE OF SPINDLE HOUSING .................................................................................................................... 1-20
Removing Bearing .............................................................................................................................................. 1-20
Inspection ............................................................................................................................................................ 1-20
Assembly ............................................................................................................................................................ 1-21
MOTOR & COUPLING INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................. 1-22
TAPER BUSHING & SHEAVE INSTALLATION ................................................................................................. 1-22
START UP PROCEDURE .................................................................................................................................. 1-23
SAFETY SECTION
Safety Section 1-1
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND PRACTICES
SAFETY
A careful operator is the best operator. Safety is of primary importance to the manufacturer and should be to
the owner/operator. Most accidents can be avoided by being aware of your equipment, your surroundings,
and observing certain precautions. The first section of this manual includes a list of Safety Messages that, if
followed, will help protect the operator and bystanders from injury or death. Read and understand these
Safety Messages before assembling, operating or servicing this Implement. This equipment should only be
operated by those persons who have read the manual, who are responsible and trained, and who know how
to do so responsibly.
The Safety Alert Symbol combined with a Signal Word, as seen below, is used throughout this
manual and on decals which are attached to the equipment. The Safety Alert Symbol means:
“ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!” The Symbol and Signal Word
are intended to warn the owner/operator of impending hazards and the degree of possible injury
faced when operating this equipment.
Practice all usual and customary safe working precautions and above all--remember safety is up to YOU. Only YOU can prevent serious injury or death
from unsafe practices.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, WILL result in DEATH OR
VERY SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, COULD result in DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, MAY result in MINOR
INJURY.
Identifies special instructions or procedures that, if not strictly observed, could result in
damage to, or destruction of the machine, attachments or the environment.
NOTE: Identifies points of particular interest for more efficient and convenient operation or repair.
READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the following Safety Messages. Serious injury or
death may occur unless care is taken to follow the warnings and instructions stated in this
Manual and in the Safety Messages on the implement. Always follow the instruction in this
manual and use good common sense to avoid hazards.
NOTE: If you want a translation of this safety section in one of the following Languages, please contact:
Translations at 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 372-9529; Safety Section Translations
are available in Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Russian. PN GS01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-2
SAFETY
OPERATOR SAFETY
•
READ, UNDERSTAND and FOLLOW Operator's Manual instructions, Warnings and Safety Messages.
•
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES, safety shoes, hard hat, hearing protection and gloves when operating or repairing equipment
•
WEAR appropriate breathing respirator when operating in dusty conditions to avoid respiratory diseases.
•
DO NOT WEAR loose clothing or jewelry to avoid rotating parts entanglement injury.
•
DO NOT USE DRUGS or ALCOHOL before or while operating equipment.
•
DO NOT ALLOW anyone to operate equipment under the influence of drug or alcohol.
•
CONSULT medical professional for medication impairment side effects.
•
STAY CLEAR of hot surfaces such as Mufflers, hydraulic pumps, valves and tanks.
•
STAY ALERT, prolonged operation can cause fatigue, STOP and REST.
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
VISIBILITY CONDITIONS WHEN MOWING:
•
OPERATE IN DAYLIGHT or with lights that gives at least 100 yards clear visibility.
•
BE ABLE TO SEE and identify passersby, steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power lines, debris and foreign
objects.
•
Avoid backing up while mowing, vision may be limited, severe damage or injury can occur.
•
DO NOT run tractor in enclosed building without adequate exhaust ventilation.
GROUND SPEED WHEN MOWING:
•
NORMAL SPEED range is between 1 to 2 mph(1-3 kph).
•
ADJUST MOWING SPEED for terrain conditions and grass type, density and cut height.
•
REDUCE MOWING SPEED when near steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power lines and to avoid debris
and foreign objects.
TRACTOR and MOWER
•
DO NOT operate the tractor or mower unless the equipment is maintained and operating properly.
•
DISCONTINUE OPERATION if tractor or mower electrical and hydraulic controls do no function properly.
•
DISCONTINUE OPERATION of the tractor if the braking or steering systems do not function properly.
•
DO NOT operate the tractor or mower if there are any hydraulic leaks.
INSECT INFESTATION
•
DO NOT operate in areas where bees or insects may attack unless you WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING or use enclosed tractor
cab.
PTO SPEED:
•
DO NOT EXCEED IMPLEMENT RATED PTO SPEED
•
AVOID exceeding rated PTO speeds that may result in broken drivelines or blade failures.
SAFETY SIGNS:
•
REPLACE missing, damaged or unreadable safety signs immediately.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-3
PN OSBM-01
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH DO THE FOLLOWING:
SAFETY
SAFETY
CRUSHING HAZARDS
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM FALLING OFF TRACTOR, EQUIPMENT RUN OVER,
ROLLOVER AND CRUSHING BY FALLING WING OR IMPLEMENT:
•
•
•
•
USE ROPS and SEAT BELT equipped tractors for mowing operations.
KEEP ROPS lock in up position.
ALWAYS BUCKLE UP seat belt when operating tractor and equipment.
ONLY OPERATE tractor and equipment while seated in tractor seat.
WHEN RAISING BOOM MOWER:
•
•
•
Raise or lower ONLY WHILE SEATED in tractor seat with seat belt buckled.
KEEP BYSTANDERS CLEAR of area TO AVOID crushing.
KEEP sufficient clearance around implement and wings TO AVOID contacting buildings or overhead power lines.
LIFTED Equipment can fall from mechanical or hydraulic failure or inadvertent Control Lever movement.
TO AVOID EQUIPMENT FALLING while working near or under lifted boom, components and
Mower Head:
•
•
•
SECURELY SUPPORT or block up raised equipment, wings and components.
BLOCK UP and securely support equipment before putting hands, feet or body under raised equipment or lifted components.
KEEP BYSTANDERS CLEAR of raised boom or mower head until securely blocked up.
WHEN PARKING Implement and Tractor:
•
•
LOWER Mower Head to the ground or BLOCK lifted parts before leaving equipment.
NEVER leave implement unattended in a raised position.
TO AVOID CHILDREN FALLING OFF OR BEING CRUSHED BY EQUIPMENT:
•
•
NEVER ALLOW children to play on or around Tractor or Implement.
DO NOT operate without operator CAB or OVERHEAD protection. Falling limbs and debris can cause injuries. PN CHBM-01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-4
SAFETY
CONNECTING OR DISCONNECTING IMPLEMENT SAFETY
WHEN connecting mower head to the boom:
•
KEEP BYSTANDERS AWAY from tractor and mower.
•
Ensure there is enough room to lift and swing the boom with out hitting objects
BEFORE connecting and disconnecting the mower head or boom:
•
STOP TRACTOR ENGINE, place transmission into park, engage parking brake and remove key.
WHEN connecting and disconnecting the mower head or boom:
•
DO NOT crawl or walk under raised mower head or boom. (Refer to Instructions in Operation Section)
WHEN CONNECTING IMPLEMENT DRIVELINE:(If equipped)
TO AVOID implement driveline coming loose during operation:
•
•
•
LUBRICATE yoke spring locking collar to ensure it freely slides on PTO shaft.
SECURELY seat yoke locking balls in PTO shaft groove.
PUSH and PULL DRIVELINE on both the tractor and implement PTO SHAFTS to ensure it is SECURELY
ATTACHED.
TO AVOID broken driveline during operations:
•
CHECK driveline for proper length between PTO shaft and implement gearbox shaft.(Refer to Instructions in Operation
Section)
•
Drivelines too short can pull apart or disengage.
•
Drivelines too long can bottom out.
•
Bottoming driveline telescoping assembly will stop sliding and become solid.
•
Driveline bottoming can push through support bearings and break off PTO shaft.
CONTACT DEALER if implement driveline does not match Tractor PTO shaft:
•
•
•
DO NOT USE PTO ADAPTER.
Using a PTO adapter can cause:
Excessive vibration, thrown objects, blade and implement failures by doubling operating speed.
Increased working length exposing unshielded driveline areas and entanglement hazards. PN CDBM-01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-5
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM BEING CRUSHED BY TRACTOR OR
IMPLEMENT:
SAFETY
SAFETY
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS
ROTARY MOWERS CAN THROW OBJECTS 300 FEET OR MORE UNDER ADVERSE
CONDITIONS.
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO OPERATOR OR BYSTANDERS FROM THROWN OBJECTS:
•
KEEP bystanders 300 feet away
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY ARE WITHIN 300 FEET UNLESS:
•
•
•
•
•
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including, Front and Rear Deflectors, Chains Guards, Steel Guards, Bands,
Side Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition when mowing.
Mower is close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
DO NOT shred or mow loose or previously cut material if BYSTANDERS are within 300 feet.
PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
INSPECT AREA FOR POTENTIAL THROWN OBJECTS BEFORE MOWING:
•
REMOVE debris, rocks, wire, cable, metal objects and other foreign material from area.
Wire, cable, rope, chains and metal objects can be thrown or swing outside deck with great velocity:
1. MARK objects that cannot removed.
2. AVOID these objects when mowing.
HIGH GRASS and WEED AREA INSPECTION:
•
•
•
•
INSPECT for and REMOVE any hidden large debris.
MOW at Intermediate height
INSPECT and remove remaining debris
MOW at final height.
MOWER THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING:
•
•
KEEP all thrown object shielding including, Front and Rear Deflectors, Chains Guards, Steel Guards, Bands, Side
Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition when mowing.
DO NOT OPERATE with any thrown object shielding missing, damaged or removed.
RIGHT OF WAY (Highway) MOWING
•
•
Stop mowing if any bystander comes within 300 feet of the mower.
No shielding is 100% effective in preventing thrown objects. To Reduce Possibility of Injury:
1. MAINTAIN MOWER SHIELDING, side skirts, skid shoes, and blades in good operational condition,
2. RAISE CUTTING HEIGHT to 6 INCHES minimum,
3. INSPECT AREA thoroughly before mowing to REMOVE potential THROWN OBJECT HAZARDS,
4. NEVER ALLOW BLADES to CONTACT SOLID OBJECTS like wire, rocks, post, curbs, guardrails, or ground
while mowing. PN TOBM-01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-6
SAFETY
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS (Continued)
•
DO NOT exceed mower's rated Cutting Capacity or cut non-vegetative material.
•
USE ENCLOSED TRACTOR CABS when two or more mowers are operating in mowing area.
•
Do Not mow in areas where bees or insects may attack unless you WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING or
use enclosed tractor cab.
•
ADJUST mower head close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
•
ADJUST cutting HEIGHT to AVOID BLADE CONTACT with solid objects like wire, rocks, posts, curbs,
guard rails and fixed obstructions.
•
CLOSE Mower door and stop operating if bystanders come within 300 feet of the mower.
•
Keep mower door closed when cutting close to the ground.
•
Open door only to cut large brush or tree limbs. Close door immediately after cutting limb.
•
DO NOT push mower head down onto material to cut it, use the front tips of the mower blades to cut into
the material.
•
DO NOT operate mower when mower is in transport position.
•
STOP MOWING immediately if blades strike heavy objects, fixed structures, metal guard rails and
concrete structures:
•
1. BLADES CAN FAIL from impact and objects can be thrown with great velocity.
2. INSPECT and REPLACE any damaged blades.
3. CHECK blade carrier and REPLACE if damaged.
DO NOT mow in standing water TO AVOID possible BLADE FAILURE.
•
AVOID MOWING in reverse:
•
1. STOP PTO and back up mower.
2. LOWER mower, engage PTO and mow forward.
DISENGAGE mower head and wait until BLADES stop rotating before raising mower to transport
position.
•
DO NOT ENGAGE PTO with mower in transport position.
•
STOP mowing when EXCESSIVE VIBRATION occurs:
1. STOP PTO and tractor ENGINE.
2. INSPECT mower for vibration source.
3. REPLACE any damage parts and bent or damaged BLADES.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-7
PN TOBM-02
SAFETY
MOWER OPERATION:
SAFETY
SAFETY
RUN OVER HAZARDS
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM FALLING OFF TRACTOR OR
EQUIPMENT RUN OVER:
•
USE ROPS and SEAT BELT equipped tractors for mowing operations.
•
KEEP ROPS locked in UP position.
•
ONLY start tractor while seated in tractor seat.
•
ALWAYS BUCKLE UP seat belt when operating tractor and equipment.
•
ONLY OPERATE tractor and equipment while seated in tractor seat.
•
NEVER ALLOW RIDERS on tractor or implement.
•
When not mowing stow Boom and Mower head in transport location before moving.
WHEN MOUNTING AND DISMOUNTING TRACTOR:
•
ONLY mount or dismount when tractor and moving parts are stopped.
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and
remove key before dismounting from tractor. PN ROBM-01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-8
SAFETY
PTO ENTANGLEMENT HAZARDS
STAY AWAY and KEEP hands, feet and body AWAY from rotating blades, drivelines and parts until all moving
elements have stopped.
•
STOP, LOOK and LISTEN before approaching the mower to make sure all rotating motion has stopped.
•
ROTATING COMPONENTS CONTINUE to ROTATE after the PTO is shut off.
PTO SHIELDING:
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM ENTANGLEMENT WHEN OPERATING IMPLEMENT:
•
KEEP PTO shields, integral driveline shields and input shields installed
•
DO NOT OPERATE mower without shields and guards in place or missing
•
REPAIR OR REPLACE if damage, broken or missing
•
ALWAYS REPLACE GUARDS that have been removed for service or maintenance.
•
Do Not use PTO or PTO guard as a step.
TO AVOID broken driveline during operations:
•
CHECK driveline for proper length between PTO shaft and implement gearbox shaft.(Refer to Instructions in
Operation Section)
•
•
Drivelines too short can pull apart or disengage.
Drivelines too long can bottom out.
Bottoming driveline telescoping assembly will stop sliding and become solid.
•
Driveline bottoming can push through support bearings and break off PTO shaft
•
AVOID sharp turns or lift mower to heights to cause driveline "knocking".
•
Lubricate driveshaft-telescoping components weekly.
CONTACT DEALER if implement driveline does not match Tractor PTO shaft:
•
DO NOT USE PTO ADAPTER.
Using a PTO adapter can cause excessive vibration, thrown objects, blade and implement failures by
doubling operating speed. Increased working length exposing unshielded driveline areas. PN PE01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-9
SAFETY
KEEP AWAY FROM ROTATING DRIVELINES AND ELEMENTS TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH:
SAFETY
SAFETY
MOWER BLADE CONTACT HAZARDS
KEEP AWAY FROM ROTATING BLADES TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM
BLADE CONTACT:
•
•
•
•
•
STAY AWAY and KEEP HANDS, FEET and BODY AWAY from rotating blades, drivelines and parts until all moving
elements have stopped.
DO NOT put hands or feet under mower decks
STOP rotating BLADES disengage mower switch and PTO and wait for blade to stop rotating before raising mower
head.
DO NOT approach Sickle Bar head until Tracto Engine has been shut off.
STOP LOOK and LISTEN before approaching the mower to make sure all rotating motion has stopped. PN MBBM-01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-10
SAFETY
HIGH PRESSURE OIL LEAK HAZARD
•
•
DO NOT OPERATE equipment with oil or fuel leaks.
KEEP all hydraulic hoses, lines and connections in GOOD CONDITION and TIGHT before applying system
pressure.
•
RELIEVE HYDRAULIC PRESSURE before disconnecting lines or working on the system.
•
REMOVE and replace hose if you suspect it leaks. Have dealer test it for leaks.
HIGH PRESSURE FLUID LEAKS CAN BE INVISIBLE.
WHEN CHECKING FOR HYDRAULIC LEAKS AND WORKING AROUND HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS:
•
ALWAYS WEAR safety glasses and impenetrable gloves.
•
USE paper or cardboard to search for leaks.
•
DO NOT USE hands or body parts to search for leak.
•
KEEP hands and body AWAY from pin holes and nozzles ejecting hydraulic fluid.
•
Hydraulic fluid may cause gangrene if not surgically removed immediately by a doctor familiar with this form of injury.
Use caution when removing Hydraulic Tank cap.
•
Tank contents maybe under pressure
•
Allow oil to cool before removing cap.
•
Relieve oil pressure before removing cap slowly.
•
Stay away from hot oil that may spray from tank.
PN HPBM-01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-11
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM HIGH PRESSURE HYDRAULIC OIL LEAKS
PENERATING SKIN:
SAFETY
SAFETY
ELECTRICAL & FIRE HAZARDS
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM ELECTRICAL CONTACT WHEN
WORKING AROUND ELECTRICAL POWER LINES, GAS LINES AND UTILITY LINES:
•
INSPECT mowing area for overhead or underground electrical power lines, obstructions, gas lines,
cables and Utility, Municipal, or other type structure.
•
KEEP all raised wings at a 10 feet or greater distance from all power lines and overhead obstructions.
•
DO NOT allow mower to contact with any Utility, Municipal, or type of structures and obstructions.
•
CALL 811 and 1-800-258-0808 for identify buried utility lines.
FIRE PREVENTION GUIDELINES while Operating, Servicing, and Repairing Mower and Tractor to
reduce equipment and grass fire Risk:
•
EQUIP Tractor with a FIRE EXTINGUISHER
•
DO NOT OPERATE mower on a tractor equipped with under frame exhaust
•
DO NOT SMOKE or have open flame near Mower or Tractor
•
DO NOT DRIVE into burning debris or freshly burnt area
•
AVOID FIRE IGNITION by not allowing mower blade to contact solid objects like metal or rock.
•
DO NOT operate if oil is leaking. Repair oil leak and remove all accumulated oil before operating.
•
CLEAR any grass clippings or debris buildup around mower hydraulic pumps, valves or tanks.
•
SHUT OFF ENGINE while refueling.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
PN EFBM-01
Safety Section 1-12
SAFETY
TRANSPORTING HAZARDS
•
KEEP transport speed BELOW 20 mph to maintain control of equipment.
•
REDUCE SPEED on inclines, on turns and in poor towing conditions.
•
DO NOT TOW with trucks or other vehicles.
•
USE only properly sized and equipped tractor for towing equipment.
•
FOLLOW all local traffic regulations.
TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS FOR TOWING OR TRANSPORTING IMPLEMENTS:
•
ONLY TRANSPORT with tractor with ROPS in the raised position.
•
USE properly sized and equipped tractor that exceeds implement weight by at least 20%.
•
KEEP 20% of tractor weight on front wheels to maintain safe steering.
BEFORE TRANSPORTING OR TOWING IMPLEMENT:
TRACTOR INSPECTION:
•
CHECK steering and braking for proper operation and in good condition.
•
CHECK SMV sign, reflectors and warning lights for proper operation and visibility behind unit.
•
CHECK that your driving vision is not impaired by tractor, cab, or implement while seated in tractor seat.
•
ADJUST your operating position, mirrors, and implement transport for clear vision for traveling and traffic conditions.
PREPARE IMPLEMENT FOR TRANSPORTING OR TOWING:
•
Store Boom and Mower in transport positions and engage transport locks if equipped.
DETERMINE STOPPING CHARACTERISTICS OF TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT FOR TRANSPORTING OR
TOWING:
BRAKING TESTS:
•
Stopping distance with implement attached may increase
•
Observe STOPPING distances increases with increased speeds.
•
DETERMINE the maximum safe transport speed that does not exceed 20 mph.
•
Reduce travel speed in wet or icy roads, stopping distances increase.
DETERMINE MAXIMUM TURING SPEED BEFORE OPERATING ON ROADS OR UNEVEN GROUND:
•
TEST equipment in slowly increasing speed in turns to determine it can be operated at higher speeds.
•
USE REDUCED turning speeds in sharp turns to avoid equipment turning over.
WHEN TOWING OR TRANSPORTING EQUIPMENT:
•
Always WEAR SEAT BELT when operating or transporting mower.
•
USE low speeds to avoid overturn with raised wings.
•
USE low speeds and gradual steering on curves, hills, rough or uneven surfaces and on wet roads.
•
TURN ON tractor FLASHING WARNING LIGHTS.
•
ALLOW clearance for implement swing while turning.
KEEP raised boom mower 10 feet or greater distance from all power lines and overhead obstructions. PN THBM-01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-13
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY AND DEATH WHEN TOWING OR TRANSPORTING EQUIPMENT:
SAFETY
SAFETY
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING IMPLEMENT IN
GOOD OPERATING CONDITION IN PERFORMING PROPER SERVICE, REPAIRS AND
MAINTENANCE.
BEFORE PERFORMING SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE ON THE IMPLEMENT:
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and remove key before
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
dismounting from tractor.
PLACE implement on ground or securely block up raised equipment. Use large blocks on soft or wet soil.
PUSH and PULL Remote Hydraulic Cylinder lever to relieve hydraulic pressure.
DISCONNECT Pump solenoid valve or PTO driveline connection before servicing mower head.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES, PROTECTIVE GLOVES and follow SAFETY PROCEDURES when performing service, repairs
and maintenance on the implement:
Always WEAR protective GLOVES when handling blades, knives, cutting edges or worn component with sharp edges.
Always WEAR GLOVES and SAFETY GLASSES when servicing hot components
AVOID CONTACT with hot hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and hose connection surfaces.
SECURELY support or BLOCK UP raised implement, framework and lifted components before working underneath equipment.
FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS in maintenance section when replacing hydraulic cylinders to prevent component falling.
STOP any implement movements and SHUT-OFF TRACTOR engine before doing any work procedures.
USE ladder or raised stands to reach high equipment areas inaccessible from ground.
ENSURE good footing by standing on solid flat surfaces when getting on implement to perform work.
FOLLOW manufacturer's instructions in handling oils, solvents, cleansers, and other chemical agents.
DO NOT change any factory-set hydraulic calibrations to avoid component or equipment failures.
DO NOT modify or alter implement, functions or components.
DO NOT WELD or repair rotating mower components. These may cause vibrations and component failures being thrown from
mower.
PERFORM SERVICE, REPAIRS, LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE OUTLINED IN IMPLEMENT MAINTENANCE
SECTION:
•
INSPECT for loose fasteners, worn or broken parts, leaky or loose fittings, missing or broken cotter keys and washers on pins, and
all moving parts for wear.
•
•
•
•
•
REPLACE any worn or broken parts with authorized service parts.
Inspect mower blade spindle to ensure bearing preload. If loose repair before operating.
LUBRICATE unit as specified by lubrication schedule
NEVER lubricate, adjust or remove material while it is running or in motion.
TORQUE all bolts and nuts as specified.
BLADE INSPECTION:
•
•
•
•
Inspect blade carrier and blades daily.
Check blade and blade carrier BOLT TORQUE daily. Loose bolts can cause blade or blade bolt failures.
REPLACE, bent, damage, cracked and broken blades immediately with new blades.
AVOID blade failures and thrown broken blades. DO NOT straighten, weld, or weld hard-facing blades.
SAFETY SHIELDS, GUARDS AND SAFETY DEVICES INSPECTION:
•
KEEP all Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox Shields, and PTO integral shields, Bands, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes
in place and in good condition.
•
•
•
REPLACE any missing, broken or worn safety shields, guards and safety devices.
Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the state of California
to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to
cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. PN HMBM-01
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-14
SAFETY
PARTS INFORMATION
PARTS INFORMATION
Rhino mowers use balanced and matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts, knives,
knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Rhino
specifications. Non-genuine "will fit" parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will fit”
parts may reduce mower performance, void warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Rhino
mower parts for economy and safety. (SPRM-1)
SEE YOUR RHINO DEALER
NOTE: Rhino supplies safety decals on this product to promote safe operation. Damage to the decals may
occur while in shipping, use, or reconditioning. Rhino cares about the safety of its customers, operators, and
bystanders, and will replace the safety decals on this product in the field, free of charge (Some shipping and
handling charges may apply). Contact your Rhino dealer to order replacement decals.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-15
SAFETY
Decal Location
SAFETY
SAFETY
TRACTOR / PUMP / CANISTER
ITEM
PART NO.
QTY.
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
1.
03200347
(1)
REFLECT
SMV
2.
D681
1
INSTRUCT
Boom Mower Safety Booklet
3.
D644
1
INSTRUCT
Blue Dot Decal
4.
D645
1
INSTRUCT
Red Dot Decal
5.
00776031
1
--------------
Manual Canister
6.
00781398C
1
--------------
DB150 Operator’s Manual
(-) Furnished by the tractor manufacturer
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-16
SAFETY
TANK / BAR
SAFETY
ITEM
PART NO.
QTY.
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
1.
D636
1
IMPORTANT
Do Not Operate PTO in OFF
2.
D618
1
WARNING
Boom Multi-Hazard
3.
D630
1
IMPORTANT
Service Hydraulic System
4.
D617
1
DANGER
Hydraulic Oil Hazard
5.
D616
1
DANGER
Multi-Hazard
6.
D670
1
INSTRUCT
Lubrication Chart
7.
D388
1
WARNING
Operate at 540 RPM
8.
D643
1
WARNING
Entanglement Hazard
9.
D628
1
DANGER
Crushing Hazard
10.
D623
2
WARNING
Pinch Points
11.
02964690
2
NAME
DB150
12.
D304
2
LOGO
Rhino
13.
D401
1
WARNING
Operate at 1000 RPM
14.
NFS
1
SER PLT
Serial Number Plate
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-17
SAFETY
SAFETY
ROTARY HEAD
ITEM
PART NO.
QTY.
LEVEL
DESCRIPTION
1.
D626
2
WARNING
Thrown Object Hazard
2.
D561
1
WARNING
Use Genuine Rhino Parts
3.
D565
1
DANGER
Crushing Hazard
4.
D666
1
lNSTRUCT
Lubrication Chart
5.
D619
1
WARNING
Blade Rotation
6.
D395
1
WARNING
Blade Torque
7.
D621
1
IMPORTANT
Lube Spindle Every 40 hrs
8.
D303
2
LOGO
Rhino
9.
02964690
2
NAME
DB150
10.
1458392
1
REFLECT
Yellow Reflector
11.
1458393
1
REFLECT
Red Reflector
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-18
SAFETY
Decal Description
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-19
SAFETY
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-20
SAFETY
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-21
SAFETY
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-22
SAFETY
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-23
SAFETY
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-24
SAFETY
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-25
SAFETY
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-26
SAFETY
SAFETY
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-27
SAFETY
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-28
SAFETY
SAFETY
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-29
SAFETY
Federal Laws and Regulations
This section is intended to explain in broad terms the concept and effect of federal laws and regulations concerning
employer and employee equipment operators. This section is not intended as a legal interpretation of the law and
should not be considered as such.
Employer-Employee Operator Regulations
SAFETY
U.S. Public Law 91-596 (The Williams-Steiger Occupational and Health Act of 1970) OSHA
This Act Seeks:
“...to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the nation safe and healthful working
conditions and to preserve our human resources...”
DUTIES
Sec. 5 (a) Each employer(1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from
recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees;
(2) shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act.
(b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations and
orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.
OSHA Training Requirements
Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations Part 1928.57(a)(6). www.osha.gov
Operator instructions. At the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter, the employer shall
instruct every employee who operates an agricultural tractor and implements in the safe operating practices
and servicing of equipment with which they are or will be involved, and of any other practices dictated by the
work environment.
Keep all guards in place when the machine is in operation;
Permit no riders on equipment
Stop engine, disconnect the power source, and wait for all machine movement to stop before servicing,
adjusting, cleaning or unclogging the equipment, except where the machine must be running to be properly
serviced or maintained, in which case the employer shall instruct employees as to all steps and procedures
which are necessary to safely service or maintain the equipment.
Make sure everyone is clear of machinery before starting the engine, engaging power, or operating the
machine.
Employer Responsibilities:
To ensure employee safety during Tractor and Implement operation, it is the employer’s responsibility to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Train the employee in the proper and safe operation of the Tractor and Implement.
Require that the employee read and fully understand the Tractor and Implement Operator’s manual.
Permit only qualified and properly trained employees to operate the Tractor and Implement.
Maintain the Tractor and Implement in a safe operational condition and maintain all shields and guards on the
equipment.
5. Ensure the Tractor is equipped with a functional ROPS and seat belt and require that the employee operator
securely fasten the safety belt and operate with the ROPS in the raised position at all times.
6. Forbid the employee operator to carry additional riders on the Tractor or Implement.
7. Provide the required tools to maintain the Tractor and Implement in a good safe working condition and provide the
necessary support devices to secure the equipment safely while performing repairs and service.
8. Require that the employee operator stop operation if bystanders or passersby come within 300 feet.
Child Labor Under 16 Years of Age
Some regulations specify that no one under the age of 16 may operate power machinery. It is your responsibility to
know what these regulations are in your own area or situation. (Refer to U.S. Dept. of Labor, Employment Standard
Administration, Wage & Home Division, Child Labor Bulletin #102.)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-30
Contents
Acknowledgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Safety Alerts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
A Word To The User/Operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
The Industrial/Agricultural Mower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Follow A Safety Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Prepare For Safe Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Start Safely. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Operate Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Park Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Shut Down Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Perform Maintenance Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Final Word To The User. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Acknowledgment
We wish to acknowledge the contributions of the members of AEM’s Industrial/Agricultural Mower Manufacturers Council
to the preparation of this Safety Manual.
NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT PROTECTION
Copyright, 2010, by the Association of Equipment Manufacturers. All rights reserved. This work may not be reproduced or disseminated in whole or in part by any means
without the prior written permission of the Association of Equipment Manufacturers.
Copyright 2010© AEM (Association of Equipment Manufacturers)
Revised 01/03, 09/10
Foreword
This safety manual is intended to point out some of the
basic safety situations that may be encountered during
the normal operation and maintenance of your machine
and to instruct you in safety practices for dealing with
these conditions. This manual is NOT a substitute for
the mower manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s).
Additional precautions may be necessary, or some
instructions may not apply, depending on equipment,
attachments and conditions at the worksite or in the
service area. The manufacturer has no direct control
over equipment application, operation, inspection or
maintenance. Therefore, it is YOUR responsibility to
use good safety practices in these areas.
The information provided in this manual supplements
the specific information about your machine that is
contained in the manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s).
Other information that may affect the safe operation of
your machine may be contained on safety signs or in
insurance requirements, employer’s safety and training
programs, safety codes, local, state/provincial and
federal laws, rules and regulations.
2
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
IMPORTANT! Before you operate the mower,
make sure you have the manufacturer’s
operator’s manual(s) for this machine and all
attachments. If the manufacturer’s manuals
are missing, obtain replacement manuals from
your employer, equipment dealer or directly
from the manufacturer. Keep this safety manual
and the manufacturer’s manuals with the
machine at all times. Read and understand all
manuals.
The AEM Mower Safety Practices video is
available to train and reinforce good safety
practices. Operators are encouraged to
periodically view the safety video.
Safety Alerts
Symbol
Signal Words
This Safety Alert Symbol means: “ATTENTION!
STAY ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!”
Signal words are distinctive words that will typically be
found on safety signs on the mower and other worksite
equipment. These words may also be found in this
manual and the manufacturer’s manuals. These words
are intended to alert the operator to a hazard and the
degree of severity of the hazard.
The Safety Alert Symbol identifies important safety
messages on equipment, safety signs, in manuals or
elsewhere. When you see this symbol, be alert to the
possibility of death or personal injury. Follow
instructions in the safety message.
DANGER
DANGER indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could
result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could
result in minor or moderate injury.
Reasons Safety is Important:
NOTICE
— Accidents disable and kill.
NOTICE indicates a property
damage message.
— Accidents cost.
— Accidents can be avoided.
A Word To The User/Operator
It is YOUR responsibility to read and understand the
safety manual and the manufacturer’s manuals before
operating this machine. This safety manual takes you
step by step through your working day.
Hazard Recognition and Accident Prevention depend
upon you being alert, careful and properly trained in the
operation, transport, maintenance and storage of this
equipment.
Graphics have been provided to help you understand
the text.
Remember that YOU are the key to safety. Good safety
practices not only protect you but also protect the
people around you. Study and understand this manual
and the manufacturer’s manuals for your specific
machine. Make them a working part of your safety
program. Keep in mind that this safety manual is written
for industrial/agricultural mowers.
Contact the manufacturer of your equipment to answer
any questions about safe operation that remain after
studying the manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s) and
this safety manual.
Practice all other usual and customary safe
working precautions and above all:
REMEMBER — SAFETY IS UP TO YOU!
YOU CAN PREVENT SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH CAUSED BY UNSAFE WORK PRACTICES!
Read and
Understand All
Safety Signs
3
The Industrial/Agricultural Mower
Industrial/Agricultural Mower Types
Mowers are used for pasture clipping, crop residue
shredding, heavy brush cutting, waterways, right-ofways, roadside or highway mowing. Also, these mowers
are used for cutting grass and other growth in public
areas such as parks and cemeteries.
Flail
Boom
Rotary
Sickle Bar
Folding Wing Rotary
The Industrial/Agricultural Mower
Agricultural Disc Mower Types
Disc mowers are designed and equipped to cut hay
crops at higher field speed.
Disc mower/conditioners mow and condition crops.
Self-propelled windrowers mow and form conditioned
hay into windrows.
4
Disc Mower
Disc Mower
Conditioner
Self-propelled
Windrower
Follow A Safety Program
Protect Yourself
Wear personal protective clothing and Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE) issued to you or called
for by job conditions. You must ALWAYS wear safety
glasses with side shields.
You may also need:
— Hard hat
— Safety shoes
— Safety goggles or face shield
— Heavy gloves
— Hearing protection
— Reflective clothing
— Wet weather gear
— Respirator or filter mask
Wear whatever is needed—don’t take chances.
Avoid
Entanglement
WARNING! Prevent death or serious injury from
entanglement. Do not wear loose clothing or
accessories. Tie up long hair. Stay away from all
rotating components when the engine is running.
Contact, wrapping or entanglement with rotating or
moving parts could result in death or serious injury.
Follow A Safety Program
— Read, understand and follow the manufacturer’s
written instructions found in the operator’s manual(s)
and safety signs on mower and tractor.
— Have operational training with mower and tractor.
— Take advantage of training programs offered in
your area.
— Ask your equipment dealer or supervisor to explain
things you do not understand.
— Explain the written instructions in the operator’s
manual(s) and safety signs to those users or
operators who cannot read.
— Inspect the mower and tractor daily before operating.
Ensure all guards are in place and the equipment is
operating properly.
— Never smoke while operating. Never fill the fuel tank
with the engine running or near an open flame.
— Make sure you have adequate visibility and sufficient
lighting.
— Know the pinch points and rotating parts. Awareness
on your part can prevent accidents.
— Never attempt to operate the controls except from
the operator’s seat. Improperly controlled functions
could produce unexpected machine movement and
result in serious injury or death.
— Shut down the mower and tractor before dismounting.
(See page 18, Proper Equipment Shut Down
Practices.)
Read, Understand
and Follow Manuals
and Safety Signs
Avoid
Rotating Parts
Know and
Avoid Pinch
Points
5
Follow A Safety Program
Avoid Injury From Raised Equipment
Avoid Injury From High Pressure Fluid
Avoid possible crushing injury from falling mower or
other raised equipment.
Avoid fluid injection injury due to high pressure fluid leaks.
Avoid Crushing –
Block Up or
Securely Support
Mower
Before working near or under raised mower or
equipment parts:
— Securely support or block up raised mower or
equipment parts according to the operator’s manual.
— Securely support, block up or lock up wings with
approved locking devices or lower mower or
equipment parts to the ground.
— Use transport locks when transporting mower on
public roads.
High Pressure
Fluid Can Inject
into the Body
If any fluid is injected into the skin, it must be
removed within a few hours by a doctor familiar with
this type of injury.
Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible. When
checking for leaks or working around pressurized systems:
— Read manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s) for
recommended safety practices.
— Wear a face shield or safety goggles for eye protection.
— Use a piece of cardboard or wood to check for leaks;
DO NOT use your hands.
— Relieve system pressure before disconnecting lines.
— Check for and repair damaged or leaking lines, pipes
and hoses.
— Check for and tighten loose connections.
— Purge air from system before operating.
Follow A Safety Program
Avoid Injury From Fire And Explosion
Set the parking brake, shut the mower and tractor
engine down and remove the key while filling the fuel
tank. Use extra caution when fueling a hot engine.
Never smoke while fueling. Avoid sparks by grounding
the fuel nozzle against the filler neck.
The fumes in an empty fuel tank are explosive. Never
weld or cut on fuel lines, tanks or containers.
Remove all trash or mowing debris from the machine
daily or as needed. Keep debris away from engine,
exhaust, slip clutches and other heat sources. Use
spark arrestors, as appropriate, on the engine exhaust
system. Make sure oily rags or other flammable material
are not stored on the machine.
Always use a nonflammable solvent when you
clean parts. Do not use gasoline, diesel fuel or other
flammable fluids.
Store all flammable fluids and materials away from your
machine and work area.
Know where fire extinguishers are kept—how
they operate—and what type of fire they are for.
Check readiness of fire extinguishers according to
manufacturer’s instructions. Make sure each tractor is
equipped with a fire extinguisher.
No Smoking
and No Open
Flames
Check for fuel, oil or hydraulic fluid leaks. Repair the
leaks and clean the machine before you operate it.
Ether/cold start fluid is flammable. Do not smoke
when using ether/cold start fluid. Always follow the
instructions on the can and in the manufacturer’s
operator’s manual(s) for your mower. Do not use ether/
cold start fluid if the engine is equipped with a glow plug
or other type of preheater.
6
Remove
Debris Daily or
As Needed
Follow A Safety Program
Be Alert!
For Safe Operation
Know where to get assistance. Know how to use a first
aid kit and fire extinguisher/fire suppression system.
You must be a qualified and authorized operator for
proper operation of your machine. You must clearly
understand the written instructions supplied by the
manufacturer, be trained—including actual operation of
the mower—and know the safety rules and regulations
for the worksite. It is a good safety practice to point
out and explain safety signs and practices and ensure
others understand the importance of following these
instructions.
Be Aware!
Take advantage of training programs offered.
Be Careful!
Human error is caused by many factors: carelessness,
fatigue, overload, preoccupation, unfamiliarity of operator
with the machine, drugs, and alcohol to name a few.
Damage to the tractor or mower can be fixed in a short
period of time, but injury, or death, has a lasting effect.
For your safety and the safety of others, encourage your
fellow workers to act safely.
Never Use Drugs
or Alcohol While
Operating
WARNING! Drugs and alcohol affect an operator’s
alertness and coordination and the operator’s ability
to safely operate the equipment. Never use drugs or
alcohol while operating the mowing equipment.
Never knowingly allow anyone to operate this
machine when their alertness or coordination is
impaired. An operator taking prescription or over-thecounter medication must consult a medical professional
regarding any side effects of the medication that would
hinder their ability to safely operate this equipment.
Follow A Safety Program
Know The Rules
Most employers have rules governing operation and
maintenance of equipment. Before you start work at a
new location, check with your supervisor or the safety
coordinator. Ask about the rules you will be expected
to obey.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) enforces federal laws within the United
States that apply to safe operation, application and
maintenance of equipment on a worksite. It is the
employer’s responsibility to comply with these laws.
An OSHA representative may periodically inspect a
worksite to see that these laws are being followed.
There may also be local or state/provincial laws or
international regulations that apply to this equipment
and its use, along with specific worksite or employer
rules. It is important that you know and comply with
all applicable laws and rules, including those requiring
operator training and certification.
Safety Rules
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Know and
Understand
Rules of
Operation
These are some of the rules you must work by:
— A ROPS and seat belt-equipped tractor is a federal
government (OSHA) requirement for operator
protection during mowing operations. An enclosed
cab provides additional operator protection from
thrown objects. Check your mower operator's manual
to see if a tractor cab is also required.
— Wear and check that others are wearing proper
clothing and personal protective equipment.
— Inspect your machine and attachments before each use
as specified by the manufacturer and your employer.
— Know the limitations and operating characteristics of
your mowing equipment. Do not misuse it.
— Have all provided shields and guards properly
installed before operating the machine.
— Never modify or remove any part of the machine
(except for service—then make sure it is replaced).
7
Follow A Safety Program
Some Rules You Must Work By (continued)
Keep
Children
Away from
Equipment
— Only qualified and authorized individuals may operate
this equipment.
— Never allow children to play on, ride on or operate
the equipment. Children are not qualified to operate
this equipment.
— Do not allow any riders.
— Use three-point contact (handholds and steps) and
face the equipment when mounting or dismounting.
— Keep bystanders 300 ft (92 m) from the mowing
operation.
— Know the worksite before you use the mower. Be
aware of possible terrain hazards that you may
encounter. Remove or mark obstacles and debris that
could damage or be thrown by the mower.
— Only use attachments and parts that are approved by
the mower manufacturer.
— Make sure all attachments are lowered, set the parking
brake, shut off the engine and cycle the control levers.
Remove the key before leaving the tractor. (See page
18, Proper Equipment Shut Down Practices.)
— When transporting the mower on a trailer, follow the
manufacturer’s detailed instructions for loading, tying
down and unloading the mower.
Keep
Bystanders
Away
No Riders
Shut Down
Unattended
Equipment
Follow A Safety Program
Know The Equipment
Read and understand the DANGER, WARNING,
CAUTION and NOTICE safety signs and other
informational signs on the tractor and mower and in the
manufacturer’s operator’s manual. Ask your supervisor
or mower dealer to explain any information you do not
understand. Failure to obey safety instructions could
result in death or serious injury.
Read and
Understand All
Safety Signs
8
Make sure all the manufacturer’s protective structures,
guards, shields, screens and panels are in good repair,
in place and securely fastened. Damaged, missing or
weakened safety components can create a hazardous
situation for you as the operator. Never remove or
modify any safety components including thrown object
shielding on a mower.
Know the following about your tractor and mower:
— Function, purpose and use of all controls.
— Correct operation speeds.
— Slope and uneven terrain capabilities and proper
operation.
— Braking and steering characteristics.
— Turning radius and clearances.
— How to quickly stop equipment in an emergency.
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
Prepare For Safe Operation
Check The Mower And Tractor Equipment
Before beginning your work day inspect the machine
and have all systems in good operational condition.
Walk-Around
Inspection
WARNING! Prevent possible crushing injury from falling
equipment. Hydraulic system or part failure could cause
unsupported equipment to fall. Do not go under raised
equipment unless it is properly supported according
to the operator’s manual.
— Perform daily and periodic service procedures as
instructed by the equipment manufacturer.
— Check for loose, broken, missing or damaged tractor
and mower parts. Repair or replace these parts.
— Check for proper tractor and mower attachments.
— Check for proper tractor and mower PTO rpm rating
match.
— Check mower blade(s) condition. Replace severely
worn, bent, gouged or nicked blades including the
blade bolts and fasteners. Never straighten or weld
on blades.
— Ensure thrown object shielding is properly installed
and in good condition. Repair or replace if damaged
or missing.
Maintain
Machine
Read Manual –
Block Up or
Securely Support
Mower
Prepare For Safe Operation
— Check that all guards and shields are in place and
that all equipment is in good operating condition. This
includes PTO driveline, gearbox and implement guards
and shields that are used for operator protection.
— Check for properly latched driveline yoke-end locking
devices.
— Check for damaged or leaky tractor and mower
hydraulic systems. Repair or adjust as needed.
WARNING! Hydraulic fluid under pressure can penetrate
the skin or eyes and cause serious injury, blindness or
death. Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks, not
your hand. Wear eye protection. If fluid is injected
into the skin, it must be removed within a few hours by
medical personnel familiar with this type of injury.
— Keep the operator platform surface clean and free of
grease, oil, dirt, snow or ice. Steps and handholds
must be clean and functional.
— Ensure work lights are kept clean (if equipped). Check
that all lights work properly.
— Ensure the slow moving vehicle (SMV) sign, reflectors
and warning lights are in good condition and can be
clearly seen.
— Ensure all tools or loose objects are removed or
securely fastened while operating the machine.
— Check all safety signs for clarity. Replace damaged
signs.
Check for Missing/
Damaged Guards
and Shields
Check for
Leaks and Inspect
Hoses
Put Away
Tools
9
Prepare For Safe Operation
Know The Work Area
Before you operate the mower thoroughly inspect
the work area. Walk around the area and inspect the
surfaces you will travel on when using the mower.
Walk
Around the
Worksite
Locate and avoid:
— Holes
— Drop-offs
— Obstacles
(stumps)
— Excavations
— Standing water
— Deep mud
— Other utilities
— Wet spots
— Any conditions
which could
— Soft soil
cause collision,
— Rough spots
loss of control
— Power lines
or tipover
and apparatus
— Steep slopes
Look for debris and obstacles by walking the area before
you mow. Objects like wire, cable, rocks, tires, and metal
objects that could damage or be thrown by the mower
must be removed or marked clearly and avoided.
Correct unsafe conditions. Do not operate in problem
areas where debris and obstacles cannot be removed
or marked.
Analyze mowing area to determine:
— The most efficient mowing procedure.
— The height of the material to be mowed.
— Operating terrain conditions.
— How to best use forward mowing pattern.
— The potential for bystanders or passers-by to be
exposed to thrown objects.
Remove or
Mark Debris and
Obstacles
Look Out For Others
Before starting equipment:
— Walk around the equipment.
— Check for anyone under, on or near the equipment.
— Clear everyone from these areas.
— Sound a warning.
Prepare For Safe Operation
Mount And Dismount Tractor Properly
Always use three-point contact when mounting or
dismounting the tractor or mower. Face the machine
when you enter or leave the machine. Three-point
contact means that three out of four arms and legs are
in contact with the machine at all times during mount
and dismount.
Before mounting:
— Clean shoes and wipe hands. Clean steps and
handholds of snow, ice, mud or oil.
During mounting and dismounting:
— Use handholds and step plates.
— Never grab steering wheels or controls for handholds.
— Never mount or dismount from a moving tractor.
— Never mount or dismount while carrying tools or
objects that prevent three-point contact. Put parts or
tools down. Maintaining proper contact, climb and
then pick up the object.
10
Use
Three-Point
Contact
Clean Up
Slippery Areas
Prepare For Safe Operation
Tractor And Mower Controls Safety Test
Start the tractor following the specific procedures in the
manufacturer’s operator’s manual. These procedures
normally include:
— Fasten and adjust seat belt on your ROPS-equipped
tractor.
— Check parking brake for engagement.
— Check PTO disengagement.
— Check all controls for Park position.
— Warn others in area before starting tractor.
— Start tractor following tractor manufacturer’s
recommended starting procedures.
WARNING! Avoid serious injury or death from
unexpected machine movement. Start the engine only
from the operator’s position. Never attempt to start
the engine by shorting across starter terminals or
reaching the key from the ground or outside the cab.
After starting:
— Check all instruments, gauges and indicator lights for
normal operation.
— Check all tractor controls, steering and brakes for
proper function.
— Raise and lower mower to check for driveline
bottoming out or engagement problems.
— Check the equipment for excessive vibration and
unusual noises.
Use ROPS
and Seat Belt
Start Only
from Operator’s
Seat
Check
Instruments
and Controls
Prepare For Safe Operation
— Use proper equipment shut down practices before
inspecting equipment. Wait until all equipment
motion has stopped before dismounting the tractor or
mower.
— Do not operate mower unless tractor and mower are
running properly. Place a “Do Not Operate” tag on
the machine, remove the key and do not operate the
mower until the problem is corrected.
Power Takeoff System
Be sure to operate the tractor at the mower’s rated PTO
rpm speed.
When operating tractors with transmission-driven PTO
systems, a rotary mower will have a significant flywheel
effect. The mower may continue to propel a tractor with
a transmission-driven PTO system.
Do Not
Dismount Until
Equipment Motion
Has Stopped
Use a
“Do Not Operate”
Tag
Use Proper
PTO Speed
The tractor should be equipped and operated as follows:
— Install a driveline equipped with an over-running
clutch.
— Give yourself sufficient maneuvering room and time
by anticipating turns, stops and speed reductions.
11
Prepare For Safe Operation
Hitching Mower To Tractor
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
Three-point hitch-mounted mowers:
— Refer to mower and tractor manufacturers’ manuals.
— Place tractor’s hydraulic power lift (rockshaft)
selector lever in down position to avoid unexpected
movement.
— Explain the hitching procedures to those operators
who cannot read.
— Front-end weights may be needed to maintain
steering control and front-end stability. Refer to the
manufacturers' operator's manual(s).
— When backing the tractor up to the mower, NEVER
allow anyone between the tractor and the mower.
— Attach the mower to the tractor three-point links and
securely pin in position.
— Securely attach the driveline to the tractor PTO.
Lower the master shield into place if it is movable.
Push and pull on the driveline to ensure it is locked
onto the PTO shaft.
Maintain
Proper Weight
Distribution
No One
Allowed Between
Tractor and
Mower
Avoid
Entanglement,
Use Guards and
Shields
Prepare For Safe Operation
Pull-type hitch-mounted mowers:
— Refer to mower and tractor manufacturers’ manuals.
— Remove three-point hitch quick coupler if equipped.
— Attach only to drawbar hitch.
— Adjust tractor drawbar length for 540 or 1000 rpm
PTO operation.
— When backing the tractor up to the mower, NEVER
allow anyone between the tractor and the mower.
— Properly attach the mower safety tow chain to the
tractor.
— Securely attach the driveline to the tractor PTO. Push
and pull on the driveline to ensure it is locked onto
the PTO. Lower the master shield into place.
— Hook up the mower hydraulic hoses to the tractor.
— Make sure the wings, or raised mower decks, are
supported by the cylinders before removing the
transport locks. Never use force to release the
transport or wing locks. The wings or deck could fall
and crush you.
540
540 RPM
RPO PTO
PTO
1-3/8"
1-3/8"66SPLINE
SPLINE
14IN
Tractor
Drawbar
Adjustment
1000
1000 RPM
RPO PTO
PTO
1-3/8"21
21SPLINE
SPLINE
1-3/8"
16IN
1000
1000RPM
RPOPTO
PTO
1-3/4" 20 SPLINE
SPLINE
20IN
Confirm Wings Are
Supported Before
Releasing Locks
Avoid
Entanglement,
Use Guards and
Shields
12
Start Safely
Make The Right Start
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light conditions.
Avoid serious injury or death from mower-thrown
objects or blade contact:
— Keep chain shields, flexible or solid deflector shields
or discharge chutes in place and in good repair.
— Keep bystanders at least 300 ft (92 m) from mowing
operation.
— Never direct mower discharge toward anyone.
— Keep hands, feet and other body parts away from
rotating parts, blades and discharge openings.
— Do not operate mower in transport position.
Do not approach a mower until all motion has stopped.
Mower PTO drive engagement:
— Raise mower to maximum cutting height.
— Engage PTO at low engine rpm.
— Increase engine rpm to mower’s rated rpm PTO speed.
— Lower mower to desired cutting height.
— Stop and shut down immediately if the mower strikes
an obstruction.
— Inspect and repair any mower damage before
resuming mowing.
— Do not operate mower with severe vibrations or with
unusual noise.
Rotating Blades –
Keep Away
Do Not Operate a
Damaged Mower
Mower-Thrown Objects
Depending on the designed purpose, mowers are
designed to cut grass, weeds, brush and crops. The
mower blades have been designed and tested for
rugged use. The mower blades, however, are not
intended to contact solid objects like rocks, concrete
or metal. Such impact can cause broken objects to be
thrown up to 300 ft (92 m). Bystanders should never
be within 300 ft (92 m) of an operating rotary mower or
within 100 ft (30 M) of a properly equipped disc mower.
Operate Safely
Mower shielding is designed to reduce the risk of thrown
objects and must be properly maintained and in place
during mowing operations.
The risk of serious injury or death from thrown objects
can be significantly reduced by following three rules.
If all of these safety rules are not followed, the
mowing operation must be stopped if anyone comes
within the safety limit for the mower type.
First — Inspect the area prior to mowing and remove
stones, branches, wire, cable, metal, glass and other
solid objects before operating. Any objects that cannot
be removed must be clearly marked and carefully
avoided by the operator.
In non-crop areas with grass and weeds high enough to
hide objects that could be struck by the blades, inspect
the area and remove or mark large debris or obstacles.
Follow
All Mower
Safety Rules
Second — Mower-thrown object shielding must be
used when operating near roads, parks, populated
areas or other areas where thrown objects could
injure bystanders or damage property. Follow the
manufacturer's operator's manual.
Third — Cross diagonally when mowing through
ditches, sharp dips, and drops. Raise the mower to
prevent the mower blades from hitting the ground.
Mow the area at an intermediate height. Inspect the area
closely and remove or mark any remaining debris or
obstacles. Mow again at desired final height.
13
Operate Safely
Mower-Thrown Objects (continued)
Disc Mowers — When using a disc mower it is
important to know the area to be mowed. If the operator
has mowed the field before and is familiar with all
obstacles that may be present, it is sufficient to watch
ahead of the mower path for any additional objects that
may have entered the field. Be ready to stop or avoid
any objects that could be hazardous if thrown by the
mower. If you plan to mow an unfamiliar field and it is
next to a traveled road or people may be within 100
ft (30 m) of the mower you must inspect, and clean or
mark the field.
Do Not Mow
in Reverse
Use Proper
Ground Speed
Mowing Ground Speed
Mowing In Reverse
Do not mow while traveling in reverse. Objects are more
likely to be thrown and can travel further.
Shut off the PTO, wait for the blades to stop turning,
raise the mower, and then back up.
Mow traveling in the forward direction.
Proper ground speed depends on terrain conditions and
grass type, density and height to be cut:
— Normal ground speed range is 2 to 5 mph.
— Use slower ground speed for mowing tall, dense grass.
— Use faster ground speed for mowing medium height,
thin grass and under smooth terrain conditions.
— Use slower ground speed for mowing in rough,
sloping or unfamiliar terrain.
Disc mowers are designed to use faster ground speeds
for operating in fields clear of debris and surface hazards.
Operate Safely
Extremely Tall Grass Mowing
You may need to mow extremely tall, non-crop grass
twice. (See page 13, Mower-Thrown Objects.)
First mowing pass:
— Shut the mower and tractor down using proper
equipment shut down practice before dismounting
tractor. (See page 18, Proper Equipment Shut Down
Practices.)
— Inspect the area and remove or mark debris and
obstacles.
— Cut grass higher (10-15 inches) to avoid hidden objects.
Second mowing pass:
— Shut the mower and tractor down using proper
equipment shut down practice before dismounting
tractor.
— Inspect the area and remove or mark debris and
obstacles.
— Cut grass at desired height and, when possible,
90 degrees to the first mowing pass.
14
Stop Blade
Before
Unclogging
Provide Adequate
Clearance for
Mower Swing
Watch Equipment Clearances
Three-point hitch and side-mounted mowers have a
larger turning arc than pull-type mowers. Allow sufficient
clearance for mower swing while turning.
Do not allow bystanders near the tractor and mower
when moving or transporting the tractor and mower.
Operate Safely
Under Mount Mower Safety Practices
When mowing with an under mount mower:
— Keep removable discharge chute in place and over
discharge opening.
— Never stand on a mower housing when the tractor
engine is operating.
— Distribute grass clippings with discharge chute facing
mowed area.
— Before clearing a clogged mower or discharge
chute, shut down your machine using proper
equipment shut down practice. (See page 18, Proper
Equipment Shut Down Practices.)
Never Stand
on Mower –
Keep Away
Keep Chute
in Place
Stop Blade
Before
Unclogging
Operate Safely
Wing Or Boom Mower
Overhead Obstruction Hazards And Risks
Check for overhead obstructions with raised wing
or boom mowers to avoid serious injury or death by
contact with:
— Electrical power lines and apparatus.
— Low tree limbs.
— Other overhead obstructions.
— Maintain specified distance from power lines and
apparatus. Never approach energized power lines or
apparatus with any part of your machine unless all
local, state/provincial and federal (OSHA) required
safety precautions have been taken. Use extreme
caution.
Do Not
Approach Energized
Power Lines
Stay Clear
of Energized
Equipment
DANGER! Avoid electrocution or serious injury from
contact with or inadequate clearance to energized
power lines or apparatus. Do not allow the machine or
attachment to approach or contact any power line.
Do not approach or touch any machine in contact
with a power line.
15
Operate Safely
Wing And Side Mount Mowers Safety Practices
Raised wing positions reduce shielding protection and
increases the thrown object and blade contact hazard
risks.
Avoid possible serious injury or death by thrown
objects or blade contact from raising and lowering
wings during mowing operations:
— Do not mow with bystanders within 300 ft (92 m) of
the mower.
— Be sure no one is near mower while raising or
lowering wings.
— Shut off the PTO and wait for all rotating elements to
stop before raising the mower deck or wing section.
— Only raise wing to clear objects in the mowing path
or to match ground slope.
— Lower raised wing to ground after clearing object or
ground slope conditions.
— Stop mowing if anyone approaches within 300 ft
(92 m) of mowing area.
300 ft
(92 m)
Keep Bystanders
Away from
Mowing Area
Avoid Hitting
Obstructions
Ditch Bank Mowing Safety Practices
Use extreme care when mowing ditch banks. Watch for
washouts, eroded areas and mowing obstructions along
the ditch banks. Hitting obstructions with side-mount
or boom mowers may swerve the tractor’s front end
toward the ditch.
Operate Safely
Raised wing and boom mower ditch bank operations may
reduce the mower’s thrown object shielding effectiveness
for the mower operator’s protection.
— Use enclosed ROPS cabs, special protective
enclosures and other operator shielding available from
the manufacturer when performing these operations.
— Inspect mowing area and remove or mark all foreign
objects and debris to be avoided by mower.
Use
Enclosed ROPS
Cabs or Protective
Enclosures
Uneven Terrain Mowing Safety Practices
Tractor and mower stability is reduced on slopes and
uneven terrain.
As in all conditions when mowing, use tractors
equipped with ROPS and seat belt. Make sure the
ROPS are raised and locked in place and always
wear your seat belt.
Prevent tractor and mower overturns and maintain
equipment stability control:
— Review tractor and mower operator’s manuals for
operating safety practices on slopes and uneven
terrain conditions. Explain the practices to those
users and operators who cannot read.
— Avoid extremely steep slope operations.
16
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
Use ROPS
and Seat Belt
Operate Safely
Uneven Terrain Mowing Safety Practices
(continued)
Maintain
Control, Use Low
Speeds
— Use extreme care to maintain control over the
equipment when operating in these conditions.
— Increase tractor stability by adding wheel weights,
ballast and increasing wheel spacing to maximum.
Refer to operator’s manual for recommendations.
— Maintain minimum ground speed.
— Make wide and gradual turns.
— Avoid sudden starts, stops, and turns when operating
up, down, or across slopes.
— Do not raise rear-mount or side-mount mowers or
mower wings from the ground during these operations.
— Keep alert for holes, bumps, ruts, rocks, stumps or
other obstructions that could overturn the machine.
— Avoid slippery ground conditions that could cause
loss of control and overturn of tractor and mower.
— Avoid bottoming and striking the ground by diagonal
crossing of sharp dips and drops.
Add Ballast,
Widen Wheel
Spacing
Avoid Ruts,
Bumps, Holes
Use extreme care in maintaining equipment stability
during all uneven terrain and slope mowing operations.
You are the final judge as to any slope that can be safely
negotiated.
Operate Safely
Road Transport Safety Practices
Before operating on public roads:
— Refer to tractor and mower manufacturers’ operator’s
manuals for instructions.
— Explain the instructions to those users or operators
who cannot read.
— Check local regulations for required equipment
markings, lights, flashers, etc., while traveling on
public roads. Lights are required on mowers that
obscure tractor taillights and/or warning lights.
— When transporting the mower on a trailer, follow the
manufacturer’s detailed instructions for loading, tying
down and unloading the mower.
Before transporting on public roads:
— Disengage PTO power to mower.
— Raise mower into transport position and engage
transport lock.
— Lock mower wings in the transport position with
approved locking devices.
— Attach towing safety chain between pull-type mower
and tractor.
— Make sure lights, warning lights and reflectors are in
place and visible.
— Check SMV (Slow-Moving Vehicle) emblem for
visibility to any rear-approaching vehicle.
While transporting on public roads:
— Obey all local traffic regulations.
— Approach intersections with caution.
— Observe speed and traffic control signs.
— Avoid panic stops and sharp turns.
Be a courteous operator and pull over periodically and
allow traffic to pass.
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
STOP
YIELD
Obey Traffic
Regulations
17
Park Safely
Parking Safety Practices
— Use designated or out-of-traffic areas.
— Use firm level ground locations.
— Set parking brake.
— Lower raised equipment to ground.
P
Shut down the mower and tractor using proper
equipment shut down practice before dismounting
tractor. (See page 18, Proper Equipment Shut Down
Practices.)
Set
Parking Brake
Lower Raised
Equipment to
Ground
Sloping ground parking locations:
— Position equipment across slope.
— Set parking brakes.
— Lower raised equipment to ground.
— Block tractor wheels.
Before temporarily parking and leaving disabled
equipment near traffic areas:
— Remove equipment from public roads.
— Set out warning flags.
— Use tractor flashing warning lights.
Shut Down Safely
Proper Equipment Shut Down Practices
PTO
Make proper equipment shut down an important habit.
Properly shutting down a tractor and mower can
prevent accidents from occurring when the mower is left
unattended. Shut down the mower following the specific
procedures in the manufacturer’s operator’s manual.
These procedures will normally include:
— Reduce engine speed.
— Disengage PTO clutch and transmission drive.
— Idle engine for gradual cooling.
— Place all controls in PARK position.
— Set the parking brake.
— Lower mower to ground.
— Lower wings of wing mowers to ground.
— Shut off engine, lock ignition and remove key from
the machine and take it with you.
— Wait for all moving parts to stop before dismounting.
— Relieve hydraulic pressure by moving hydraulic
controls several times in all directions.
— Lock anti-vandalism covers and closures, if
equipped, when equipment is unattended.
— Dismount carefully maintaining three-point contact.
18
Disengage PTO,
Set Brake
STOP
P
Lower Raised
Equipment to
Ground
Wait for
Rotating Parts
to Stop
Remove Key,
Lock Ignition, Take
Key With You
Shut Down Safely
Dismounting Properly
— Never dismount from moving equipment.
— Never jump from any machines.
— Dismount carefully.
— Check for slippery steps.
— Keep feet and hands away from controls.
— Use handholds and steps during dismount.
— Face machine and use three-point contact
(2 hands and 1 foot or 2 feet and 1 hand).
Wait for
Moving Parts
to Stop
Use Three-Point
Contact,
Face Machine
Perform Maintenance Safely
Maintain Your Equipment
WARNING! Do not modify equipment or add
components not approved by the manufacturer. Use
parts, lubricants and service techniques recommended
by the manufacturer.
Maintain
Equipment
Be sure to maintain the equipment according to
manufacturer’s instructions. Regularly check the
operation of the protective and safety devices.
Do not perform any work on a tractor or mower unless
you are authorized and qualified to do so.
If you have been authorized to do maintenance, read
the operator’s and service manuals. Study the
instructions; check the lubrication charts; examine all
the instruction messages on the machine. Maintenance
can be hazardous unless performed properly. Be sure
you have the necessary skill, information, correct tools
and equipment to do the job.
Mower Parts And Your Safety
Mower manufacturers use specific fasteners and
specially designed parts to meet mowing operations
requirements. Critical parts (self-locking blade bolts,
blades, pins, shields and other special items) have
specific strength, design and fit requirements for the
make and model mower you are using.
Avoid possible death or serious injury from unapproved
parts or modifications:
— Do not substitute common hardware for original
manufacturer’s blade bolts or other special part items.
— Do not substitute for blades, pins, shields or other
critical parts.
— Do not use higher strength bolts to replace original
manufacturer’s shear bolts.
19
Perform Maintenance Safely
Prepare Yourself
Wear personal protective clothing and Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE) issued to you or called
for by job conditions. You must ALWAYS wear safety
glasses with side shields.
You may also need:
— Hard hat
— Safety shoes
— Safety glasses, goggles or face shield
— Apron and gloves
— Hearing protection
— Welding helmet or goggles
— Respirator or filter mask
Wear whatever is needed—don’t take chances.
Avoid
Rotating Parts
Keep hands—and clothing—away from all moving
parts. Don’t wear dangling ties, loose sleeves, rings,
watches, or long hair.
WARNING! Prevent death or serious injury from entanglement. Do not wear loose clothing or accessories. Stay
away from all rotating components when the engine is
running. Contact, wrapping or entanglement with rotating
or moving parts could result in death or serious injury.
Avoid
Pinch Points
Perform Maintenance Safely
Wear a rubber apron and rubber gloves when working
with corrosives. Wear gloves and safety shoes when
handling wooden blocks or sharp-edged metal.
Clean
Slippery Surfaces
Always use safety glasses, goggles or a face shield. They
provide eye protection from fluids under pressure, during
grinding and while servicing batteries. Protection is also
needed from flying debris, liquids and loose material
produced by equipment, tools and pressurized air/water.
Wear a face shield and follow manufacturer's instuctions
when you disassemble spring-loaded components or work
with battery acids. Wear a welding helmet or goggles with
a shaded filter when you weld or cut with a torch.
Do not sand, grind, flame-cut, braze or weld without a
NIOSH-approved respirator or appropriate ventilation.
If welding is required on this machine, refer to the
manufacturer’s operator's or service manuals or consult
your equipment dealer for proper procedures.
Keep pockets free of all objects that could fall out—and
drop into machinery.
Handle tools and heavy parts sensibly—with regard
for yourself and other persons. Lower items—don’t
drop them.
20
Ventilate
Work Area
Prepare The Work Area
— Position the mower in a level area out of the way of
other working equipment.
— Make sure there is adequate light, ventilation and
clearance.
— Remove oil, grease or water to eliminate any slippery
surfaces.
— Clean around the area to be serviced to minimize
contamination.
Perform Maintenance Safely
Prepare The Machine
Stored energy sources (electrical, mechanical, hydraulic,
pneumatic, chemical, thermal, etc.) must be controlled
or reduced to a practical minimum before performing
any maintenance, repair or service procedures.
Safety practices to prevent potential injuries from
energy-releasing sources:
— Disengage PTO before shutting off engine.
— Place controls in PARK or NEUTRAL before shutting
off engine.
— Set parking brake or block wheels.
— Allow all moving parts to stop.
— Lower mower to ground.
— Lower wings to ground on wing mowers.
— Shut off tractor engine.
— Relieve hydraulic system pressure by moving controls
several times in all directions.
— Lock ignition, remove key and take it with you.
— Look and listen for evidence of moving parts before
dismounting.
— Securely support or block up mower before working
underneath mower or other lifted components.
— Securely support, block up, or lock up mower wings
with approved locking devices before working near or
underneath a wing mower.
— Relieve pressure before disconnecting or
disassembling any pressurized system.
— Block or relieve spring pressure before disassembling
any spring-loaded mechanism.
— Securely support or block up any raised machine
component before working on it.
— Avoid flames, sparks, or smoking near any fuel,
hydraulic fluid or other flammable material such as
mowing debris.
Prepare
Machine Systems
for Service
Perform Maintenance Safely
Attach a “DO NOT OPERATE” warning tag to the control
levers and remove the ignition key if the mower should
not be operated. Take the key with you.
Install approved support device(s) when working under
or near raised equipment.
WARNING! Unsupported raised mowers or other
equipment may drop unexpectedly. Never go under
equipment when raised unless supported by an
approved support device(s). Death or serious crushing
injury could result from falling equipment.
Use a
“Do Not Operate”
Tag
Use
Approved
Support Device
Remove only guards or covers that provide access to
the area being serviced. Replace all guards and covers
when work is complete.
Replace
All Guards
21
Perform Maintenance Safely
Use Proper Ventilation
If it is necessary to run an engine in an enclosed area,
remove the exhaust fumes from the area with an
exhaust pipe extension. If you do not have an exhaust
pipe extension, make sure you open the doors and get
outside air into the area.
WARNING! Prevent possible injury. Never work on
machinery with the engine running unless instructed
by the manufacturer’s manuals for specific service.
WARNING! Never operate any type of engine without
proper ventilation—EXHAUST FUMES CAN KILL.
Make sure the hoists or jacks you use are in good repair.
Never use jacks with cracked, bent, or twisted parts.
Never use frayed, twisted or pinched cables. Never use
bent or distorted hooks.
Remove
Key and Read
Maintenance
Manual
Use Jacks And Hoists Carefully
Safety stands or blocks must be located on a rigid part
of the mower. Do not position stands under axles or
wheel supports that may rotate.
Ventilate
Work Area
If you must work beneath raised equipment, always use
wood—not concrete—blocks, jack-stands or other
rigid and stable supports. When using jacks or hoists
always be sure they are adequately supported.
Use Proper
Support for Raised
Equipment
WARNING! Prevent possible crushing injury. Never
use concrete blocks for supports. They can collapse
under even light loads.
Perform Maintenance Safely
Common Maintenance Safety Practices
Fuel Hazards
WARNING! Always use approved fuel containers
and/or dispensing equipment.
Fuels are flammable, so observe these practices to
reduce the possibility of a serious accident.
— Shut off engine and ignition during refueling.
— Always ground the fuel nozzle against the filler neck
to avoid sparks.
— Keep sparks and open flames away from fuel.
— Do not smoke while refueling or when handling fuel
containers.
— Do not cut or weld on or near fuel lines, tanks or
containers.
— Do not overfill the tank or spill fuel. Clean up spilled
fuel immediately.
Engine Coolant Hazards
Liquid cooling systems build up pressure as the engine
gets hot, so use extreme caution before removing the
radiator cap.
22
Be sure to:
— Stop the engine and wait for the system to cool.
— Wear protective clothing and safety glasses.
— Turn the radiator cap slowly to the first stop to allow
the pressure to escape before removing the cap
completely.
No Smoking
and No Open
Flames
Remove
Radiator Cap
Slowly
Perform Maintenance Safely
Hydraulic System Hazards
The hydraulic system is under pressure whenever the
engine is operating and may hold pressure even after the
engine is shut off. Cycle all hydraulic controls including
the auxiliary hydraulic control after the engine is shut
down. Relieve trapped pressure in the lines after the
attachments are shut down and resting on the ground.
During inspection of the hydraulic system:
— Wait for fluid to cool before disconnecting the lines.
Hot hydraulic fluid can cause SEVERE BURNS.
— Do not use your hand to check for leaks. Instead,
use a piece of cardboard or paper to search for leaks.
— Wear appropriate eye protection. Hydraulic fluid can
cause permanent eye injury.
WARNING! Hydraulic fluid under pressure can penetrate
the skin or eyes and cause serious injury, blindness or
death. Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks, not
your hand. Wear a face shield or safety goggles for
eye protection. If fluid is injected into the skin, it must
be removed within a few hours by medical personnel
familiar with this type of injury.
When venting or filling the hydraulic system, loosen the
filler cap slowly and remove it gradually.
Never reset any relief valve in the hydraulic system to a
pressure higher than recommended by the manufacturer.
Wear
Eye Protection
High Pressure
Fluid Can Inject
Into the Body
Perform Maintenance Safely
Electrical System Hazards
Before working on the electrical system, disconnect the
battery cable(s).
— Remove the battery negative (-) cable(s) first.
— When reconnecting the battery, connect the battery
negative (-) cable(s) last.
The liquid in batteries contains acid, which is a POISON
and can cause SEVERE CHEMICAL BURNS.
with clean water. If electrolyte is ingested, seek
medical attention immediately. NEVER give fluids that
would induce vomiting.
Wear
Face Protection
Avoid Injury
— Wear a face shield to prevent contact with your eyes.
— Wear chemical-resistant gloves and clothing to keep
electrolyte off your skin and regular clothing.
WARNING! Electrolyte will damage eyes or skin
on contact. Always wear a face shield to avoid
electrolyte in eyes. If electrolyte contacts eyes, flush
immediately with clean water and get medical attention.
Wear chemical-resistant gloves and protective
clothing to keep electrolyte off skin. If electrolyte
contacts exposed skin or clothing, wash off immediately
Wear
Protective
Clothing
23
Perform Maintenance Safely
Avoid Explosion
WARNING! Avoid possible serious injury from
explosion. Lead-acid batteries produce extremely
explosive gases especially when being charged. Keep
arcs, sparks, flames and lighted tobacco away.
— Do not smoke near batteries.
— Keep arcs, sparks and open flames away from
batteries.
— Provide adequate ventilation.
Never check the battery by placing a metal object
across the battery posts — the resulting spark could
cause an explosion.
WARNING! Avoid possible serious injury from battery
explosion. Do not charge a battery or boost start the
engine if the battery is frozen. Warm to 60°F (15.5°C)
or the battery may explode and could cause serious
injury.
Safety rules during battery boost starting:
— Follow the instructions for proper “battery boost
starting” as specified in the manufacturer’s manual.
— Be sure the machines are not touching.
— Observe the polarity of the batteries and connections.
— Make the final cable connection to the engine or the
furthest ground point away from the battery. Never
make the final connection at the starter or dead
battery—sparks may ignite the explosive gases
present at the battery.
— When disconnecting cables after jump starting,
remove the cables in reverse order of connection
(e.g., final connection first).
Avoid Sparks
and Open Flames
Near Batteries
For
Boost Starting
Observe Polarity
and Make Final
Connection at
Ground Point
Perform Maintenance Safely
Tire And Wheel Maintenance
Check your tires and wheels daily because the stability
of the tractor and mower can be dramatically affected
by tire pressure or damage to tires or wheels.
Check tires for:
— Correct pressure.
— Cuts and bulges.
— Nails or other punctures.
— Uneven or excessive wear.
— Condition of valve stems and caps.
Check wheels for:
— Damage to the rims.
— Missing or loose lug nuts or bolts.
— Misalignment.
All tire service should be performed by a qualified tire
service center or by an authorized service person who
has been properly trained in the procedures and use of
safety equipment designed for tire servicing.
24
Check Tires
and Wheels for
Damage
Maintain
Proper Tire
Pressure
Perform Maintenance Safely
Tire And Wheel Maintenance (continued)
WARNING! The types of wheels and tires usually
found on this equipment require special care when
servicing to prevent death or serious injury.
Do not inflate the tires above the recommended
pressure. Be sure to replace tire ballast if equipped. See
manufacturer’s specifications for ballast requirements.
Keep wheel lug nuts tightened to manufacturer’s
recommendations.
Never cut or weld on a wheel with an inflated
tire mounted on it. This could cause explosive
decompression.
Check that the tire size and wheel are correctly matched.
When replacing the tires, ensure the tires are of the
appropriate rating specified by the manufacturer.
Tires should not be operated at speeds higher than their
rated speed. Most agricultural tires are rated for 20mph
maximum speed.
A rise in tire pressure during operation is normal, and
should NOT be reduced.
Never reinflate a tire that has been run flat or seriously
underinflated without removing the tire from the wheel.
Have the tire and wheel closely inspected for damage
before remounting.
Avoid
Tire Explosion
When adding air to a tire, do so from a distance. Use
a long hose with self-attaching chuck. Always stand
behind tread when adjusting tire pressure.
Do not inflate tires with flammable gases or from
systems using an alcohol injector.
Perform Maintenance Safely
Complete Service And Repairs Before Machine
Is Released
Tighten all bolts, fittings, and connections to torques
specified by the manufacturer.
Verify
Service Work
When
Completed
Install all guards, covers, and shields after servicing.
Replace or repair any damaged parts. Refill and
recharge pressure systems only with manufacturer
approved or recommended fluids.
Start the engine and check for leaks. (See page 23,
Hydraulic System Hazards.) Operate all controls
to make sure the tractor and mower are functioning
properly. Test the machine if necessary. After testing,
shut down and check the work you performed. Are
there any missing cotter pins, washers, locknuts, etc.?
Recheck all fluid levels before releasing the equipment
for operation.
All parts should be inspected during repair and replaced
if worn, cracked or damaged. Excessively worn or
damaged parts can fail and cause injury or death.
Mower Blade Maintenance
Do not take chances using damaged or bent blades.
The mower manufacturers from the Association
of Equipment Manufacturers (AEM) and the Farm
Equipment Manufacturers Association (FEMA) advocate
that you DO NOT reuse, straighten, hard face or weld
mower blades. Death or serious injury could result if a
broken blade is thrown from a mower.
Replace any damaged or illegible safety signs.
25
Perform Maintenance Safely
Mower Blade Maintenance (continued)
— How are mower blades made?
Mower blades are made of high strength alloy spring
steel. They are hot-forged and shaped to meet the
manufacturer’s individual specifications, then heat
treated and tempered to a high strength, ductile state
to reduce the possibility of breaking while mowing.
Blades are tested to ensure they meet strength,
hardness, and ductility standards. If a blade fails to
meet any of these specifications, it will not be used
on the mower.
— What happens when a mower blade bends?
It takes a great amount of impact force to bend
the blade. This impact force often results in the
blades being gouged or chipped. After a blade
is damaged by a gouge or chip a blade failure is
much more likely to occur. When a blade is severely
bent, a microscopic crack may be created in the
blade. Straightening the blade does not remove or
repair this crack, but may cause additional cracks.
Additional stresses during mowing operations can
result in an unexpected blade failure.
— Avoid bending blades. Help prevent mower blades
from bending or cracking by avoiding contact with
solid objects. Mower blades are intended to cut
grass, shrubs, woody vegetation, and small trees and
limbs. They are not intended to contact solid objects
such as rocks, concrete, or steel posts. Inspect the
area prior to mowing. Remove or clearly mark any
solid objects and mow around them.
— Replace damaged blades! Inspect the mower blade(s)
daily or after hitting any solid object. If a mower blade
becomes damaged (bent, gouged, cracked) or worn
more than 25 percent of the original size, it should
be removed and replaced with a new blade. Always
use the original manufacturer’s blades. Aftermarket
brand blades may not meet the mower manufacturer’s
strength, hardness and ductility requirements.
— Do not take chances mowing with damaged or
bent blades. Using a damaged or straightened
mower blade can result in the blade breaking and
being thrown into the operator or a bystander causing
death or serious injury. The price of a new blade is
small compared to the potential for the serious injury
that could result from a bent or broken blade being
thrown from the mower.
Final Word To The User
You have just finished reading the AEM Industrial and
Agricultural Mower Manual. It is impossible for this
manual to cover every safety situation that you may
encounter on a daily basis. Your knowledge of these
safety precautions and your application to the
basic rules of safety will help to build good judgment
in all situations. Our objective is to help you develop,
establish and maintain good safety habits to make
operating an Industrial and Agricultural Mower easier
and safer for you.
This manual is another in a series on the safe operation of machinery published by AEM.
Many pictorials in this safety manual can be found and downloaded at http://pictorials.aem.org.
For additional publications visit our website at www.safetymaterials.org.
ASSOCIATION OF
EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS
e-mail safetymaterials@aem.org
www.aem.org
26
Contenido
Reconocimiento . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Introducción . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Alertas de seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Palabras para el usuario/operador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Cortadora de césped industrial/para agricultura . . . . 4
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad . . . . . . . . . 5
Preparación para una operación segura . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Arranque con seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Operación con seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Estacionamiento seguro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Apagado con seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad . . . . . 19
Palabras finales para el usuario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Reconocimiento
Deseamos reconocer las contribuciones de los miembros del Consejo de Fabricantes de Cortadoras de Césped
Industriales/para Agricultura para la preparación de este Manual de seguridad.
AVISO DE PROTECCIÓN DE COPYRIGHT
Copyright, 2010, por la Asociación de Fabricantes de Equipos (Association of Equipment Manufacturers). Todos los derechos reservados. Queda prohibida la reproducción o
difusión parcial o total de este trabajo por cualquier medio sin consentimiento previo por escrito de la Asociación de Fabricantes de Equipos.
Copyright 2010© AEM (Asociación de Fabricantes de Equipos)
Revisado el 01/03, 09/10
Introducción
Este manual de seguridad está destinado a señalar
algunas de las situaciones de seguridad básicas que
pueden surgir durante la operación y el mantenimiento
normales de la máquina y a instruirlo en prácticas de
seguridad para manejar estas condiciones. Este manual
NO sustituye los manuales del operador del fabricante de
la cortadora de césped.
Puede ser necesario tomar precauciones adicionales o
algunas de las instrucciones pueden no ser pertinentes,
dependiendo del equipo, los accesorios y las condiciones
del sitio de trabajo o del área de servicio. El fabricante no
tiene control directo sobre la aplicación, la operación, la
inspección o el mantenimiento del equipo. Por lo tanto,
es SU responsabilidad utilizar prácticas de seguridad
correctas en estas áreas.
La información que se proporciona en este manual
complementa la información específica sobre la máquina que
contienen los manuales del operador del fabricante. Puede
haber otra información que afecte la operación segura de
la máquina en los letreros de seguridad o en los requisitos
del seguro, programas de seguridad y capacitación del
empleador, códigos de seguridad, leyes federales, locales,
estatales o provinciales, reglas y ordenanzas.
2
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
¡IMPORTANTE! Antes de hacer funcionar la
cortadora de césped, asegúrese de contar con
los manuales del operador del fabricante para
esta máquina y todos los accesorios. Si faltan
los manuales del fabricante, solicite manuales
de repuesto a su empleador, al concesionario de
los equipos o directamente al fabricante. Guarde
este manual de seguridad y los manuales del
fabricante con la máquina en todo momento. Lea
y asegúrese de comprender todos los manuales.
Se encuentra disponible el video AEM Mower
Safety Practices (Prácticas de seguridad para
la cortadora de césped de AEM) para capacitar
y reforzar prácticas de seguridad correctas. Se
alienta a los operadores a ver periódicamente el
video de seguridad.
Alertas de seguridad
Símbolo
Palabras indicativas
Este símbolo de alerta de seguridad significa:
“¡ATENCIÓN! ¡MANTÉNGASE ALERTA! ¡SU
SEGURIDAD ESTÁ EN RIESGO!”
Las palabras indicativas son palabras distintivas que
típicamente se encontrarán en letreros de seguridad
de la cortadora de césped y otros equipos del sitio de
trabajo. Estas palabras también se pueden encontrar
en este manual y en los manuales del fabricante. Están
destinadas a alertar al operador sobre un riesgo y el grado
de gravedad del riesgo.
El símbolo de alerta de seguridad identifica mensajes de
seguridad importantes sobre el equipo, sobre letreros de
seguridad, en manuales u otros lugares. Cuando vea este
símbolo, manténgase alerta ante la posibilidad de muerte
o lesiones personales. Siga las instrucciones del mensaje
de seguridad.
DANGER
PELIGRO
WARNING
ADVERTENCIA
CAUTION
Motivos por los cuales la seguridad es importante:
— Los accidentes provocan discapacidad y muerte.
— Los accidentes cuestan.
— Los accidentes pueden evitarse.
PRECAUCIÓN
NOTICE
AVISO
DANGER (PELIGRO) indica una
situación riesgosa que, si no se evita,
resultará en una lesión grave o la
muerte.
WARNING (ADVERTENCIA) indica
una situación riesgosa que, si no se
evita, podría resultar en una lesión
grave o la muerte.
CAUTION (PRECAUCIÓN) indica
una situación que, si no se evita,
podría resultar en lesiones leves o
moderadas.
NOTICE (AVISO) indica un mensaje
de daños a la propiedad.
Palabras para el usuario/operador
Es SU responsabilidad leer y asegurarse de comprender el
manual de seguridad y los manuales del fabricante antes de
hacer funcionar esta máquina. Este manual de seguridad lo
lleva paso a paso a través de su día de trabajo.
El reconocimiento de los riesgos y la prevención de
accidentes dependen de que usted esté alerta, sea
cuidadoso y se capacite correctamente para la operación,
el transporte, el mantenimiento y el almacenamiento de
este equipo.
Se han suministrado gráficos útiles para comprender el texto.
Recuerde que USTED es la clave de la seguridad. Las
prácticas de seguridad correctas lo protegen no sólo
a usted sino también a las personas que lo rodean.
Estudie este manual y los manuales del fabricante para
su máquina en particular. Transfórmelos en una parte
activa de su programa de seguridad. Tenga presente que
este manual de seguridad está escrito para cortadoras de
césped industriales/para agricultura.
Contáctese con el fabricante del equipo si le queda
alguna pregunta sobre la operación segura después de
estudiar los manuales del operador del fabricante y este
manual de seguridad.
Tome todas las demás precauciones habituales y
acostumbradas para un trabajo seguro y, sobre todo:
RECUERDE:
¡LA SEGURIDAD DEPENDE DE USTED!
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender
todos los letreros
de seguridad
¡PUEDE EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O MUERTE
CAUSADAS POR PRÁCTICAS LABORALES
NO SEGURAS!
3
Cortadora de césped industrial/para agricultura
Tipos de cortadora de césped industrial/para
agricultura
Las cortadoras de césped se usan para recortar pasturas,
desmenuzar residuos de cultivos, cortar arbustos, realizar
desbroce pesado, cortar la hierba en vías de agua,
derechos de paso, costados de caminos o autopistas.
Además, estas cortadoras se usan para cortar la hierba
y otras plantas en zonas públicas como parques y
cementerios.
Triturador
Aguilón
Giratorio
Barra en forma de hoz
Giratorio con lateral
plegable
Cortadora de césped industrial/para agricultura
Tipos de cortadora de césped de disco para
agricultura
Las cortadoras de césped de disco están diseñadas y
equipadas para cortar cultivos de heno a mayor velocidad
de desplazamiento.
Cortadora de césped
de disco
Las cortadoras/acondicionadoras de disco cortan y
acondicionan los cultivos.
Cortadora/
acondicionadora de
disco
Las formadoras de hileras autopropulsadas cortan el heno
y lo acondicionan en hileras.
4
Formadora de hileras
autopropulsada
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Protéjase a sí mismo
Use la ropa de protección personal y los equipos de
protección personal (PPE) que se le proporcionen o que
requieran las condiciones del trabajo. SIEMPRE debe
usar gafas de seguridad con escudos laterales.
Puede necesitar también:
— Casco
— Calzado de seguridad
— Antiparras de seguridad o protección facial
— Guantes gruesos
— Protección para oídos
— Indumentaria reflectiva
— Indumentaria impermeable
— Respirador o máscara con filtro
Use la ropa necesaria; no corra ningún riesgo.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite lesiones graves o muerte por
enredos. No use ropa floja ni accesorios. Ate el cabello
largo. Manténgase alejado de todos los componentes
giratorios cuando el motor está en funcionamiento. El
contacto, el enrollado o el enredo con piezas giratorias o
móviles podrían resultar en lesiones graves o la muerte.
Evite quedar
enredado
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
— Lea, asegúrese de comprender y siga las instrucciones
escritas del fabricante que se encuentran en el manual
del operador y en los letreros de seguridad sobre la
cortadora y el tractor.
— Obtenga capacitación para la operación de la
cortadora y el tractor.
— Aproveche los programas de capacitación que se
ofrecen en su zona.
— Solicítele al distribuidor de equipos o al supervisor que
le explique cualquier información que no comprenda.
— Explique las instrucciones escritas de los manuales del
operador y los letreros de seguridad a los usuarios u
operadores que no puedan leerlas.
— Inspeccione la cortadora y el tractor diariamente antes
de hacerlos funcionar. Asegúrese de que todas las
guardas se encuentren en su lugar y de que el equipo
funcione correctamente.
— Nunca fume mientras lo está manejando. Nunca
llene el depósito de combustible con el motor en
funcionamiento o cerca de una llama abierta.
— Asegúrese de tener visibilidad adecuada e iluminación
suficiente.
— Sepa cuáles son los puntos donde puede quedar
atrapado y las partes giratorias. Su conocimiento
puede evitar accidentes.
— Nunca intente hacer funcionar los controles, excepto
desde el asiento del operador. Las funciones
controladas de manera incorrecta pueden producir
el movimiento imprevisto de la máquina y resultar en
lesiones graves o muerte.
— Apague la cortadora y el tractor antes de descender.
(Consulte la página 18, Prácticas correctas de
apagado de los equipos.)
Lea, asegúrese de
comprender y siga
las indicaciones de
los manuales y los
letreros de seguridad
Evite las partes
giratorias
Sepa cuáles son
y evite los puntos
donde pueda quedar
atrapado
5
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Evite las lesiones provocadas por equipos elevados
Evite posibles lesiones de aplastamiento por caídas de la
cortadora u otros equipos elevados.
Evite ser aplastado –
Bloquee o apoye
con seguridad la
cortadora
Antes de trabajar cerca o debajo de partes levadas de la
cortadora o de los equipos:
— Apoye o bloquee con seguridad las partes elevadas de
la cortadora o los equipos de acuerdo con el manual
del operador.
— Apoye, bloquee o trabe con seguridad los laterales con
dispositivos de bloqueo aprobados o descienda las
partes de la cortadora o de los equipos hasta el suelo.
— Use trabas de transporte cuando transporte la
cortadora por la vía pública.
Evite lesiones producidas por líquidos a alta presión
Evite las lesiones por inyección de fluidos debidas a fugas
de líquidos a alta presión.
Si un fluido se inyecta en la piel, debe ser extraído
dentro de pocas horas por personal médico
familiarizado con este tipo de lesión.
Las fugas de fluido bajo presión pueden no ser visibles.
Al verificar en busca de fugas o cuando trabaja cerca de
sistemas presurizados:
— Lea las prácticas de seguridad recomendadas en los
manuales del operador del fabricante.
— Use una protección facial o antiparras de seguridad
para proteger los ojos.
— Use un cartón o una madera para buscar fugas; NO
use las manos.
— Alivie la presión del sistema antes de desconectar líneas.
— Busque y repare las líneas, los tubos y las mangueras
dañados o con fugas.
— Busque y apriete las conexiones flojas.
— Purgue el aire del sistema antes de hacerlo funcionar.
El fluido a alta
presión puede
inyectarse en el
cuerpo
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Evite lesiones por incendios y explosiones
Aplique el freno de estacionamiento, apague el motor de
la cortadora y del tractor y retire la llave mientras llena
el depósito de combustible. Tenga precaución adicional
cuando carga combustible en un motor caliente. Nunca
fume mientras carga combustible. Evite las chispas
conectando a tierra la boquilla de combustible contra el
cuello de llenado del depósito.
Los vapores de un depósito de combustible vacío son
explosivos. Nunca suelde o realice cortes en líneas,
depósitos o contenedores de combustible.
Retire toda la basura o los residuos de corte de la
máquina todos los días o según sea necesario. Mantenga
los residuos alejados del motor, el escape, los embragues
y otras fuentes de calor. Use supresores de chispas,
según corresponda, en el sistema de escape del motor.
Asegúrese de que no haya trapos con aceite u otro
material inflamable almacenado en la máquina.
operador del fabricante correspondientes a la cortadora
de césped. No use éter/fluido para arranque en frío si el
motor está equipado con bujías de precalentamiento u
otro dispositivo de precalentamiento.
Siempre use solvente no inflamable para limpiar las
partes. No use gasolina, combustible diesel u otros fluidos
inflamables. Almacene todos los fluidos y materiales
inflamables lejos de la máquina y de la zona de trabajo.
Sepa dónde se guardan los extintores de incendios, cómo
funcionan y para qué tipo de incendio están destinados.
Verifique la disponibilidad de los extintores de incendios de
acuerdo con las instrucciones del fabricante. Asegúrese de
que cada tractor esté equipado con un extintor de incendios.
No fumar;
evitar las llamas
abiertas
Revise en busca de fugas de combustible, aceite o fluido
hidráulico. Repare las fugas y limpie la máquina antes de
hacerla funcionar.
El éter/fluido para arranque en frío es inflamable. No fume
cuando usa éter/fluido para arranque en frío. Siempre
siga las instrucciones del recipiente y de los manuales del
6
Retire los
residuos a diario
o según sea
necesario
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
¡Manténgase alerta!
Para una operación segura
Sepa dónde obtener asistencia. Sepa cómo usar un
equipo de primeros auxilios y un extintor de incendios/
sistema de supresión de fuego.
Usted debe ser un operador cualificado y autorizado
para operar la máquina correctamente. Debe comprender
claramente las instrucciones por escrito que proporciona
el fabricante, recibir capacitación (que incluya la
operación real de la cortadora de césped) y conocer
las reglas y ordenanzas de seguridad correspondientes
al sitio de trabajo. Una buena práctica de seguridad
consiste en señalar y explicar los letreros y las prácticas
de seguridad y asegurarse de que otras personas
comprendan la importancia de seguir estas instrucciones.
¡Manténgase informado!
Aproveche los programas de capacitación que se ofrecen.
¡Tenga cuidado!
El error humano es causado por muchos factores: descuido,
fatiga, sobrecarga, preocupación, desconocimiento de
la máquina por parte del operador, fármacos y alcohol,
entre muchos otros. Los daños al tractor o la cortadora de
césped se pueden arreglar en un tiempo breve, pero las
lesiones o la muerte tienen un efecto perdurable.
Por su seguridad y la de los demás, aliente a sus
compañeros de trabajo a actuar con seguridad.
Nunca use
fármacos o alcohol
mientras está
operando la máquina
¡ADVERTENCIA! Los fármacos y el alcohol afectan la
capacidad de alerta y de coordinación del operador,
así como su capacidad para operar los equipos con
seguridad. Nunca use fármacos o alcohol mientras
opera el equipo de la cortadora. Nunca permita a
sabiendas que otra persona opere esta máquina con
la capacidad de alerta o coordinación deteriorada.
Un operador que toma un medicamento recetado o de
venta libre debe consultar a un profesional médico con
respecto a los efectos colaterales del medicamento que
podrían reducir su capacidad de operar este equipo con
seguridad.
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Conozca las reglas
La mayoría de los empleadores tienen reglas que rigen la
operación y el mantenimiento de los equipos. Antes de
comenzar a trabajar en una ubicación nueva, verifique con
el supervisor o con el coordinador de seguridad. Averigüe
sobre las reglas que tendrá que obedecer.
La Administración de Seguridad y Salud Ocupacional
(Occupational Safety and Health Administration,
OSHA) hace cumplir leyes federales dentro de los
EE.UU. que se aplican a la operación, la aplicación y el
mantenimiento seguros de equipos en un sitio de trabajo.
Es responsabilidad del empleador cumplir estas leyes. Un
representante de OSHA puede visitar periódicamente un
sitio de trabajo para ver si estas leyes se cumplen.
También puede haber leyes estatales/provinciales o locales
u ordenanzas internacionales que se apliquen a este
equipo y a su uso, junto con reglas específicas del sitio
de trabajo o del empleador. Es importante que conozca y
cumpla todas las leyes y reglas aplicables, incluso las que
requieren capacitación y certificación del operador.
Las siguientes son algunas de las reglas que debe
cumplir al trabajar:
— Un ROPS (sistema de protección antivuelco) y un tractor
equipado con cinturón de seguridad es exigencia del
gobierno federal (OSHA) par ala protección de los
operadores durante el funcionamiento de la cortadora.
Una cabina cerrada proporciona protección adicional para
el operador con respecto a objetos arrojados. Verifique el
manual del operador de la cortadora de césped para ver
si también se requiere una cabina de tractor.
— Use y verifique que otras personas usen la indumentaria
y los equipos de protección personal correctos.
— Inspeccione la máquina y los accesorios antes de cada
uso según lo especificado por el fabricante y por su
empleador.
— Conozca las limitaciones y las características operativas
del equipo de corte de césped. No haga un uso indebido.
— Verifique que todos los escudos y las guardas estén
correctamente instalados antes de hacer funcionar la
máquina.
— Nunca modifique o retire partes de la máquina (excepto
para realizar servicios; después, asegúrese de que se
vuelvan a colocar en su lugar).
Reglas
de seguridad
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Sepa cuáles son
y asegúrese de
comprender las reglas
de funcionamiento
7
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Algunas reglas que debe cumplir al trabajar
(continuación)
— Únicamente personas cualificadas y autorizadas
pueden manejar estos equipos.
— Nunca permita que los niños jueguen en los equipos,
viajen en ellos o los hagan funcionar. Los niños no
están cualificados para manejar estos equipos.
— No transporte pasajeros.
— Use contacto en tres puntos (asideros y peldaños) y
enfrente el equipo al ascender o descender de él.
— Mantenga a las personas ajenas a 300 pies (92 m) de la
operación de corte.
— Familiarícese con el sitio de trabajo antes de usar la
cortadora de césped. Tenga en cuenta posibles riesgos
que puede encontrar en el terreno. Retire o marque los
obstáculos y residuos que podrían dañar la cortadora o
ser arrojados por ella.
— Utilice sólo accesorios y partes aprobados por el
fabricante de la cortadora de césped.
— Asegúrese de que todos accesorios estén descendidos,
aplique el freno de estacionamiento, apague el motor y
haga funcionar todas las palancas de control. Retire la
llave antes de salir del tractor. (Consulte la página 18,
Prácticas correctas de apagado de los equipos.)
— Cuando transporte la cortadora de césped en un
remolque, siga las instrucciones detalladas del fabricante
para la carga, el amarre y la descarga de la cortadora.
Mantenga
a los niños alejados
de los equipos
Mantenga a las
personas ajenas
alejadas
No lleve
pasajeros
Apague los equipos
cuando están sin
vigilancia
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Conozca los equipos
Lea y asegúrese de comprender los letreros de seguridad
que indican PELIGRO, ADVERTENCIA, PRECAUCIÓN
y AVISO y otros letreros informativos que hay sobre
el tractor y la cortadora de césped y en el manual del
operador del fabricante. Solicítele al supervisor o al
distribuidor de la cortadora que le explique cualquier
información que no comprenda. El incumplimiento de las
instrucciones de seguridad podría resultar en lesiones
graves o muerte.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender
todos los letreros
de seguridad
8
Asegúrese de que todas las estructuras de protección,
guardas, escudos, pantallas y paneles del fabricante
están bien reparados, en su lugar y bien ajustados.
Los componentes de seguridad dañados, faltantes o
debilitados pueden crear una situación de riesgo para
usted como operador. Nunca retire o modifique ningún
componente de seguridad (incluso escudos para objetos
arrojados) que haya en la cortadora.
Conozca lo siguiente sobre el tractor y la cortadora de
césped:
— Funcionamiento, propósito y uso de todos los controles.
— Velocidades de funcionamiento correctas.
— Capacidades y funcionamiento correcto en pendientes
y terrenos desparejos.
— Características del frenado y la dirección.
— Radio de giro y separaciones.
— Cómo detener los equipos rápidamente en una
emergencia.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
Preparación para una operación segura
Revise los equipos de la cortadora de césped y el
tractor
Antes de comenzar la jornada de trabajo, inspeccione la
máquina y asegúrese de que todos los sistemas estén en
buenas condiciones operacionales.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones por aplastamiento
producidas por equipos que caen. La falla del sistema
hidráulico o de una parte podría causar la caída de
equipos que no están apoyados. No permanezca debajo
de equipos elevados excepto que estén correctamente
apoyados de acuerdo con el manual del operador.
— Realice procedimientos de servicio diarios y periódicos
según lo indicado por el fabricante del equipo.
— Verifique para detectar piezas faltantes, dañadas,
rotas o flojas en el tractor y en la cortadora de césped.
Repare o sustituya esas piezas.
— Verifique que los accesorios del tractor y la cortadora
sean los correctos.
— Verifique que la clasificación nominal de velocidad de
TDF del tractor y la cortadora sea la correcta.
— Verifique el estado de las hojas de la cortadora
de césped. Sustituya las hojas que se encuentren
gravemente gastadas, dobladas, agujereadas o
marcadas; incluya los pernos y sujetadores de las
hojas. Nunca enderece o suelde en las hojas.
— Asegúrese de que el escudo para objetos que son
arrojados se encuentre correctamente instalado y en buen
estado. Repárelo o sustitúyalo si está dañado o falta.
Recorrida de
inspección
Realice el
mantenimiento de
la máquina
Lea el manual –
Bloquee o apoye
con seguridad la
cortadora
Preparación para una operación segura
— Verifique que todos los escudos y guardas estén en su
lugar y que todos los equipos se encuentren en buenas
condiciones de funcionamiento. Esto incluye la línea
motriz de la TDF, la caja de engranajes y las guardas y
escudos de los implementos que se usan para proteger
al operador.
— Verifique que los dispositivos de bloqueo del extremo
en horquilla de la línea motriz estén correctamente
enclavados.
— Verifique en busca de sistemas hidráulicos dañados o
con fugas en el tractor o la cortadora. Repare o ajuste
según sea necesario.
¡ADVERTENCIA! El fluido hidráulico bajo presión puede
penetrar la piel o los ojos y causar lesiones graves,
ceguera o la muerte. Las fugas de fluido bajo presión
pueden no ser visibles. Utilice un cartón o una madera
para buscar fugas, no la mano. Use protección ocular.
Si el fluido se inyecta en la piel, debe ser extraído dentro
de las próximas pocas horas por personal médico
familiarizado con este tipo de lesión.
— Mantenga la superficie de la plataforma del operador
limpia y libre de grasa, aceite, suciedad, nieve o
hielo. Los peldaños y asideros deben estar limpios y
funcionar correctamente.
— Asegúrese de que las luces de trabajo se mantengan
limpias (si están instaladas). Verifique que todas las
luces funcionen correctamente.
— Asegúrese de que el letrero de vehículo de movimiento
lento, los y las luces de advertencia estén en buenas
condiciones y puedan verse claramente.
— Asegúrese de que todas las herramientas y objetos
sueltos se retiren o se sujeten con seguridad mientras
se opera la máquina.
— Verifique que todos los letreros de seguridad se vean
con claridad. Sustituya los letreros dañados.
Revise para
detectar/guardas y
escudos dañados
Verifique en
busca de fugas e
inspeccione las
mangueras
Aparte las
reflectores
herramientas
9
Preparación para una operación segura
Familiarícese con la zona de trabajo
Antes de hacer funcionar la cortadora de césped,
inspeccione cuidadosamente la zona de trabajo. Recorra
a pie alrededor de la zona e inspeccione las superficies
sobre las cuales se desplazará cuando utilice la cortadora.
Recorra a pie
alrededor del lugar
de trabajo
Localice y evite:
— Agujeros
— Desmoronamientos
— Obstáculos (tocones)
— Excavaciones
— Agua estancada
— Lodo profundo
— Puntos mojados
— Suelo blando
— Puntos irregulares
— Líneas y aparatos
eléctricos
— Otros servicios públicos
— Cualquier condición que
podría causar una colisión,
pérdida de control o vuelco
— Pendientes empinadas
Busque residuos y obstáculos recorriendo a pie la zona
antes de cortar. Los objetos como alambre, cable, rocas,
neumáticos y metales que podrían dañar o ser arrojados
por la cortadora de césped deben retirarse o marcarse
claramente y evitarse.
Corrija las condiciones no seguras. No opere en áreas
con problemas donde no se puedan retirar o marcar los
residuos y los obstáculos.
Analice la zona de corte para determinar:
— El procedimiento de corte más eficiente.
— La altura del material que debe cortarse.
— Las condiciones operativas del terreno.
— Cómo usar mejor el patrón de corte en sentido de
avance.
— Las posibilidades de que personas ajenas o que pasan
circunstancialmente queden expuestas a objetos que
se arrojan.
Retire o marque
los residuos y
obstáculos
Tenga cuidado con otras personas
Antes de poner en marcha los equipos:
— Recorra a pie alrededor de los equipos.
— Verifique en busca de personas debajo o cerca de los
equipos.
— Retire a todas las personas de esas zonas.
— Haga sonar una advertencia.
Preparación para una operación segura
Ascienda y descienda del tractor correctamente
Siempre use contacto de tres puntos al ascender o
descender del tractor o de la cortadora de césped.
Enfrente la máquina al ingresar o salir de ella. Un contacto
de tres puntos significa que tres de los cuatro miembros
(brazos y piernas) están en contacto con la máquina en
todo momento durante el ascenso y descenso.
Antes de ascender:
— Límpiese el calzado y las manos. Limpie la nieve, el
hielo, el lodo o el aceite de los peldaños y asideros.
Durante el ascenso y el descenso:
— Use los asideros y los estribos.
— Nunca se aferre al volante o a los controles como
asideros.
— Nunca ascienda o descienda de un tractor en
movimiento.
— Nunca ascienda o descienda transportando
herramientas u objetos que impidan el contacto de tres
puntos. Deje en el piso las piezas o las herramientas.
Manteniendo el contacto correcto, suba y, después,
recoja el objeto.
10
Utilice contacto
de tres puntos
Limpie las
superficies
resbaladizas
Preparación para una operación segura
Prueba de seguridad de los controles del tractor
y de la cortadora de césped
Arranque el tractor siguiendo los procedimientos
específicos del manual del operador del fabricante. Estos
procedimientos normalmente incluyen:
— Colóquese y ajústese el cinturón de seguridad en el
tractor equipado con ROPS.
— Verifique que el freno de estacionamiento esté aplicado.
— Verifique que la TDF esté desenganchada.
— Verifique que todos los controles estén en la posición
de estacionamiento.
— Advierta a otras personas en la zona antes de arrancar
el tractor.
— Arranque el tractor siguiendo los procedimientos de
arranque que recomienda el fabricante del tractor.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite lesiones graves o muertes
producidas por el movimiento inesperado de la máquina.
Arranque el motor únicamente desde el puesto del
operador. Nunca intente arrancar el motor haciendo
un corto entre los bornes del arranque o tomando la
llave desde el suelo o desde afuera de la cabina.
Después del arranque:
— Verifique que todos los instrumentos, indicadores y
luces indicadoras funcionen normalmente.
— Verifique que todos los controles, la dirección y los
frenos del tractor funcionen correctamente.
Use el ROPS
y el cinturón de
seguridad
Arranque
únicamente desde
el asiento del
operador
Revise los
instrumentos y
controles
— Eleve y descienda la cortadora de césped en busca
de problemas en el descenso total o el enganche de la
línea motriz.
— Verifique los equipos en busca de vibraciones
excesivas y ruidos anormales.
Preparación para una operación segura
— Use las prácticas correctas de apagado de los equipos
antes de inspeccionar equipos. Espere hasta que todo
movimiento de los equipos se haya detenido antes de
descender del tractor o la cortadora de césped.
— No haga funcionar la cortadora si el tractor y la cortadora
de césped no funcionan correctamente. Coloque una
etiqueta que indique “No poner en funcionamiento” en la
máquina, retire la llave y no haga funcionar la cortadora
hasta que el problema se haya corregido.
Sistema de toma de fuerza (TDF)
No descienda hasta
que el movimiento de
los equipos se haya
detenido
Use una etiqueta
que indique
“No poner en
funcionamiento”
Asegúrese de hacer funcionar el tractor a la velocidad de
TDF indicada para la cortadora.
Al hacer funcionar tractores con sistemas de TDF
impulsados por transmisión, una cortadora giratoria tiene
un significativo efecto de rueda volante. La cortadora
puede seguir propulsando un tractor con un sistema de
TDF impulsado por transmisión.
El tractor debe estar equipado y funcionar como sigue:
— Instale una línea motriz equipada con un embrague de
sobrecarga.
— Prevea suficiente espacio y tiempo para maniobrar
anticipando los giros, las paradas y las reducciones de
velocidad.
Use la velocidad
de la TDF
11
Preparación para una operación segura
Enganche de la cortadora de césped al tractor
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
Cortadoras montadas en enganche de tres puntos:
— Consulte los manuales de los fabricantes de la
cortadora y del tractor.
— Coloque la palanca selectora de elevación de potencia
hidráulica del tractor en la posición descendida para
evitar movimientos imprevistos.
— Explique los procedimientos de enganche a los
operadores que no puedan leerlos.
— Pueden requerirse pesos en el extremo delantero para
mantener el control de la dirección y la estabilidad del
extremo delantero. Consulte los manuales del operador
de los fabricantes.
— Al hacer retroceder el tractor hasta la cortadora de
césped, NUNCA permita que haya personas entre
tractor y la cortadora.
— Instale la cortadora en los eslabones de tres puntos del
tractor y asegúrela en su lugar con pasadores.
— Instale con seguridad la línea motriz a la TDF del
tractor. Descienda el escudo principal hasta su lugar
si es móvil. Empuje y tire de la línea motriz para
asegurarse de que esté trabada en el vástago de
la TDF.
Mantenga una
distribución
correcta del peso
No permita que
haya nadie entre el
tractor y la cortadora
de césped
Evite quedar
enredado, use
guardas y
escudos
Preparación para una operación segura
Cortadoras montadas en enganche tipo de tiro:
— Consulte los manuales de los fabricantes de la
cortadora y del tractor.
— Retire el acople rápido del enganche de tres puntos si
está instalado.
— Instálelo únicamente al enganche de la barra de tiro.
— Ajuste la longitud de la barra de tiro del tractor para el
funcionamiento de la TDF a 540 ó 1000 rpm.
— Al hacer retroceder el tractor hasta la cortadora de
césped, NUNCA permita que haya personas entre
tractor y la cortadora.
— Instale correctamente la cadena de remolque de
seguridad de la cortadora en el tractor.
— Instale con seguridad la línea motriz a la TDF del
tractor. Empuje y tire de la línea motriz para asegurarse
de que esté trabada en la TDF. Descienda el escudo
principal a su lugar.
— Conecte las mangueras hidráulicas de la cortadora de
césped en el tractor.
— Asegúrese de que los laterales o las plataformas
elevadas de la cortadora estén sostenidas por los
cilindros antes de retirar las trabas de transporte.
Nunca haga fuerza para soltar las trabas de transporte
o de los laterales. Los laterales o la plataforma podrían
caerse y aplastarlo.
12
TDF
540 RPM
540ARPO
PTO
1-3/8"
ESTRÍA66SPLINE
A 1 3/8"
14
PULG.
14IN
Ajuste de la
barra de tiro del
tractor
TDF
A 1000
1000
RPORPM
PTO
ESTRÍA21
21SPLINE
A 1 3/8"
1-3/8"
16
16IN
PULG.
TDF
A 1000
1
1000
RPORPM
PTO
ESTRÍA
20 ASPLINE
1 ¾"
1-3/4" 20
20
20IN
PULG.
Confirme que los
laterales estén
apoyados antes de
soltar las trabas
Evite quedar
enredado, use
guardas y
escudos
Arranque con seguridad
Cómo realizar un arranque correcto
Corte la hierba únicamente con luz diurna o en
condiciones de buena luz artificial.
Evite lesiones graves o muerte producidas por objetos
arrojados por la cortadora o por el contacto con las hojas:
— Mantenga los escudos de las cadenas, los escudos
deflectores flexibles o sólidos y las rampas de
descarga en su lugar y en buen estado de reparación.
— Mantenga a las personas ajenas a 300 pies (92 m) de la
operación de corte.
— Nunca dirija la descarga de la cortadora hacia una
persona.
— Mantenga las manos, los pies y otras partes del
cuerpo alejadas de las piezas giratorias, las hojas y las
aberturas de descarga.
— No haga funcionar la cortadora de césped en la
posición de transporte.
No se acerque a una cortadora hasta que todo
movimiento se haya detenido.
Enganche de la transmisión de RDF de la cortadora de
césped:
— Eleve la cortadora hasta la altura de corte máxima.
— Enganche la TDF a baja velocidad del motor.
— Aumente la velocidad del motor hasta llegar a la
velocidad nominal de la TDF.
— Descienda la cortadora hasta la altura de corte deseada.
— Detenga y apague de inmediato si la cortadora golpea
contra una obstrucción.
— Inspeccione y repare cualquier daño de la cortadora
antes de reanudar el corte.
— No haga funcionar una cortadora que vibra en exceso o
produce ruidos anormales.
Hojas giratorias –
Manténgase
No ponga en
funcionamiento una
cortadora de césped
dañada
Objetos arrojados por la cortadora de césped
Dependiendo del propósito previsto, las cortadoras
están diseñadas para cortar hierba, maleza, broza y
cultivos. Las hojas de la cortadora están diseñadas y
probadas para uso intensivo. Las hojas de la cortadora,
sin embargo, no están diseñadas para entrar en contacto
con objetos sólidos como rocas, cemento o metales. Un
impacto de este tipo puede arrojar objetos rotos hasta
300 pies (92 m) de distancia. Nunca debe haber personas
ajenas a menos de 300 pies (92 m) de una cortadora
giratoria en funcionamiento o a menos de 100 pies (30 m)
de una cortadora de disco correctamente equipada.
Operación con seguridad
Los escudos de la cortadora están diseñados para reducir
el riesgo de objetos arrojados y se deben mantener
correctamente y en su lugar durante las operaciones de
corte.
Siga todas
las reglas de
seguridad
El riesgo de lesiones graves o muerte puede reducirse
significativamente si se siguen estas reglas. Si no se
siguen todas estas reglas de seguridad, la operación
de corte debe detenerse en caso de que alguna
persona ingrese dentro del límite de seguridad
correspondiente a cada tipo de cortadora.
Realice el corte de la zona a una altura intermedia.
Inspeccione la zona atentamente y retire o marque
cualquier residuo u obstáculo restante. Corte nuevamente
a la altura final deseada.
Primero — Inspeccione la zona antes de cortar y retire las
piedras, ramas, alambres, cables, metales, vidrios y otros
objetos sólidos antes de hacer funcionar la máquina. Los
objetos que no puedan retirarse deben marcarse con
claridad y ser evitados con cuidado por el operador.
Segundo — Los escudos para objetos arrojados por la
cortadora deben usarse cuando se opera cerca de caminos,
parques, zonas pobladas u otras zonas donde objetos
arrojados podrían lesionar a personas ajenas o dañar la
propiedad. Siga el manual del operador del fabricante.
En áreas sin cultivos con hierba y maleza de altura
suficiente como para ocultar objetos que podrían ser
golpeados por las hojas, inspeccione la zona y retire o
marque los residuos u obstáculos grandes.
Tercero — Cruce en sentido diagonal cuando realiza
el corte a través de zanjas, depresiones marcadas y
hundimientos. Eleve la cortadora para evitar que las hojas
de la cortadora golpeen el suelo.
13
Operación con seguridad
Objetos arrojados por la cortadora de césped
(continuación)
Apague la TDF, espere que las hojas dejen de girar, eleve
la cortadora y, después, retroceda.
Cortadoras de disco — Cuando se usa una cortadora
de disco, es importante conocer la zona donde se va a
cortar. Si el operador ha realizado cortes en el terreno
antes y está familiarizado con todos los obstáculos
que puede haber, es suficiente observar delante de la
trayectoria de la cortadora para detectar cualquier objeto
adicional que pueda haber ingresado en el terreno. Esté
preparado para detenerse o evitar objetos que podrían
ser peligrosos si son arrojados por la cortadora. Si piensa
cortar en un terreno que no conoce bien y se encuentra
junto a un camino transitado o puede haber personas
a menos de 100 pies (30 m) de la cortadora de césped,
debe inspeccionar y limpiar o marcar el terreno.
Corte desplazándose en sentido de avance.
Cómo cortar en retroceso
No corte mientras se desplaza en retroceso. Es más
probable que se arrojen objetos y que éstos puedan llegar
más lejos.
No corte
en retroceso
Use la velocidad
de desplazamiento
correcta
Velocidad de desplazamiento durante el corte
La velocidad de desplazamiento correcta depende de las
condiciones del terreno y del tipo de hierba, la densidad y
la altura que debe cortarse:
— El rango normal de velocidad de desplazamiento es de
2 a 5 mph (3.2 a 8 km/h).
— Use una velocidad de desplazamiento menor para
cortar hierbas altas y densas.
— Use una velocidad de desplazamiento mayor para
cortar hierba delgada a altura media y con condiciones
de terreno sin dificultades.
— Use una velocidad de desplazamiento menor par acortar
en terreno irregular, con pendientes o no muy conocido.
Las cortadoras de disco están diseñadas para usar
velocidades de desplazamiento mayores cuando funcionan
en terrenos despejados de residuos y peligros superficiales.
Operación con seguridad
Corte de hierba extremadamente alta
Puede ser necesario cortar dos veces la hierba
extremadamente alta que no sea cultivo. (Consulte la página
13, Objetos arrojados por la cortadora de césped.)
Detenga
la hoja antes de
desatascar
Primera pasada de corte:
— Apague la cortadora y el tractor usando la práctica
correcta de apagado de equipos antes de descender del
tractor. (Consulte la página 18, Prácticas correctas de
apagado de los equipos.)
— Inspeccione la zona y retire o marque cualquier residuo u
obstáculo.
— Corte la hierba a mayor altura (10 a 15 pulg. [25 a 38 cm])
para evitar los objetos ocultos.
Proporcione el
espacio libre
adecuado para la
oscilación de la
cortadora de césped
Segunda pasada de corte:
— Apague la cortadora y el tractor usando la práctica
correcta de apagado de equipos antes de descender
del tractor.
— Inspeccione la zona y retire o marque cualquier residuo
u obstáculo.
— Corte la hierba a la altura deseada y, de ser posible, a
90 grados con respecto a la primera pasada de corte.
14
Preste atención a los espacios libres de los
equipos
Las cortadoras con enganche de tres puntos y montaje
lateral tienen un arco de giro mayor que las tipo de tiro.
Deje el espacio libre suficiente para la oscilación de la
cortadora cuando gira.
No permita que haya personas ajenas cerca del tractor
y la cortadora de césped cuando mueve o transporta el
tractor y la cortadora.
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para la cortadora de
césped de montaje inferior
Cuando se traslada con una cortadora de césped de
montaje inferior:
— Mantenga la rampa de descarga extraíble en su lugar y
por encima de la abertura de descarga.
— Nunca se pare sobre la carcasa de una cortadora
de césped cuando el motor del tractor está en
funcionamiento.
— Distribuya los recortes de hierba con la rampa de
descarga orientada hacia la zona donde se cortó.
— Antes de limpiar una cortadora o una rampa de
descarga atascada, apague la máquina usando la
práctica correcta para apagado del equipo. (Consulte
la página 18, Prácticas correctas de apagado de los
equipos.)
Nunca se pare
sobre la cortadora
de césped –
Manténgase alejado
Mantenga
la rampa en
su lugar
Detenga
la hoja antes de
desatascar
Operación con seguridad
Cortadora de césped con lateral o aguilón
Peligros y riesgos de obstrucciones elevadas
Verifique en busca de obstrucciones elevadas con las
cortadoras que tienen el lateral o el aguilón elevado, para
evitar lesiones graves o la muerte por contacto con:
— Líneas y aparatos eléctricos.
— Ramas bajas de los árboles.
— Otras obstrucciones elevadas.
— Mantenga las distancias especificadas con respecto a
los cables y los aparatos eléctricos. Nunca se acerque
a cables o aparatos eléctricos energizados con ninguna
parte de la máquina, salvo que se hayan tomado todas
las precauciones de seguridad locales, estatales/
provinciales y federales (OSHA) necesarias. Use
extrema precaución.
No se acerque a
líneas de electricidad
energizadas
Manténgase alejado
de los equipos
energizados
¡PELIGRO! Evite la electrocución o lesiones graves por
contacto o un espacio libre inadecuado con respecto
a líneas o aparatos eléctricos energizados. No permita
que la máquina o el accesorio se acerque o entre en
contacto con una línea de electricidad. No se acerque
ni toque una máquina que esté en contacto con una
línea de electricidad.
15
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para cortadoras de
césped con laterales y montaje lateral
300 ft
(92 m)
Las posiciones elevadas de los laterales reducen la
protección de los escudos y aumentan los riesgos de
objetos arrojados y contacto con las hojas.
Evite la posibilidad de lesiones graves o muerte por
objetos arrojados o contacto con las hojas causados
por la elevación y el descenso de los laterales durante
las operaciones de corte:
— No realice cortes con personas ajenas presentes a
menos de 300 pies (92 m) de la cortadora de césped.
— Asegúrese de que no haya personas cerca de la
cortadora mientras se elevan o descienden los
laterales.
— Apague la TDF y espere hasta que todos los elementos
giratorios se hayan detenido antes de elevar la
plataforma o la sección lateral de la cortadora.
— Únicamente eleve el lateral para quitar objetos de la
trayectoria de corte o para acompañar una pendiente
del terreno.
— Descienda hasta el suelo el lateral elevado una vez que
se eliminó el objeto o se superó la pendiente.
— Detenga el trabajo de corte si alguna persona se acerca
a menos de 300 pies (92 m) de la zona de corte.
Mantenga a las
personas ajenas
alejadas de la zona
de corte
Evite golpear
obstrucciones
Prácticas de seguridad para trabajos de corte en
orillas de zanjas
Use extremo cuidado al realizar cortes en orillas
de zanjas. Preste atención a escurrimientos, zonas
erosionadas y obstrucciones para el corte a lo largo de
las orillas de zanjas. Si se golpean obstrucciones con
cortadoras de montaje lateral o con aguilón, el extremo
delantero del tractor puede desviarse hacia la zanja.
Operación con seguridad
Los trabajos en orillas de zanjas con aguilón y lateral
elevado pueden reducir la eficacia de la protección del
operador de la cortadora que proporcionan los escudos
para objetos arrojados.
Utilice cabinas
cerradas con ROPS
o cerramientos de
protección
— Cuando realice estas operaciones, use cabinas cerradas
con ROPS, cerramientos protectores especiales y otros
escudos para el operador que ofrece el fabricante.
— Inspeccione la zona de corte y retire o marque todos
los objetos extraños y los residuos que deberá esquivar
la cortadora.
de que el ROPS está elevado y trabado en su lugar y
use siempre el cinturón de seguridad.
Prevenga los vuelcos del tractor y de la cortadora de césped
y mantenga controlada la estabilidad de los equipos:
— Repase los manuales del operador del tractor y de la
cortadora para ver las prácticas de seguridad para
operaciones en pendientes y terrenos desparejos.
Explique las prácticas a los operadores que no puedan
leerlas.
— Evite trabajar en pendientes extremadamente
empinadas.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
Prácticas de seguridad para trabajos de corte en
terrenos desparejos
Las pendientes y los terrenos desparejos reducen la
estabilidad del tractor y de la cortadora.
Como en todas las condiciones de corte, use tractores
equipados con ROPS y cinturón de seguridad. Asegúrese
16
Use el ROPS
y el cinturón
de seguridad
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para trabajos de corte en
terrenos desparejos (continuación)
— Use extremo cuidado para mantener el control de los
equipos cuando trabaja en estas condiciones.
— Aumente la estabilidad del tractor agregando
pesos o lastre en las ruedas y aumentando al
máximo la separación entre las ruedas. Consulte las
recomendaciones en el manual del operador.
— Mantenga la velocidad de desplazamiento en el mínimo.
— Realice giros amplios y graduales.
— Evite los arranques, las paradas y los giros bruscos
cuando trabaje en subidas o bajadas de pendientes o
sobre ellas.
— No levante del suelo las cortadoras de montaje trasero
o de montaje lateral ni los laterales de la cortadora
durante estas operaciones.
— Manténganse alerta en busca de agujeros, baches,
pozos, tocones u otras obstrucciones que podrían
hacer volcar la máquina.
— Evite las condiciones de suelo resbaladizo que podrían
causar la pérdida de control y el vuelco del tractor y la
cortadora.
— Evite bajar completamente y golpear el suelo cuando
cruza en sentido diagonal depresiones marcadas y
hundimientos.
Mantenga
el control,
desplácese
Agregue lastre,
ensanche la
separación entre
las ruedas
Evite los pozos,
baches y agujeros
Use extremo cuidado al mantener la estabilidad de los
equipos durante todos los trabajos de corte en terrenos
desparejos y pendientes. Usted es quien juzga en última
instancia si en cualquier pendiente se puede trabajar con
seguridad.
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para el transporte en caminos
Antes de operar en la vía pública:
— Consulte los manuales del operador de los fabricantes
de la cortadora y del tractor para ver instrucciones.
— Explique las instrucciones a los usuarios u operadores
que no puedan leerlas.
— Verifique las ordenanzas locales sobre marcas, luces,
balizas, etc. requeridas en los equipos durante el
desplazamiento por la vía pública. Se requieren luces
en las cortadoras que obstaculizan la visibilidad de las
luces traseras y/o las luces de advertencia del tractor.
— Cuando transporte la cortadora de césped en un
remolque, siga las instrucciones detalladas del fabricante
para la carga, el amarre y la descarga de la cortadora.
Antes de transportar en la vía pública:
— Desconecte la alimentación de la TDF a la cortadora.
— Eleve la cortadora a la posición de transporte y aplique
la traba para transporte.
— Trabe los laterales de la cortadora de césped en la
posición de transporte con dispositivos de bloqueo
aprobados.
— Instale una cadena de seguridad para remolque entre la
cortadora tipo de tiro y el tractor.
— Asegúrese de que las luces, las luces de advertencia y
los reflectores están en su lugar y son visibles.
— Verifique que el emblema de vehículo de movimiento le
resulte visible a cualquier vehículo que se aproxime por
atrás.
Durante el transporte en la vía pública:
— Obedezca todas las ordenanzas de tránsito locales.
— Acérquese a las intersecciones con precaución.
— Observe los letreros de velocidad y control del tránsito.
— Evite las paradas de emergencia y los giros cerrados.
Sea un operador amable y apártese periódicamente para
dejar pasar el tránsito.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
STOP
YIELD
Obedezca las
ordenanzas de
tránsito
17
Estacionamiento seguro
Prácticas de seguridad para el estacionamiento
— Use las zonas designadas o alejadas del tránsito.
— Use lugares con suelo firme y nivelado.
— Aplique el freno de estacionamiento.
— Descienda el equipo de la cortadora de césped hasta
el suelo.
P
Apague la cortadora y el tractor usando la práctica
correcta de apagado de equipos antes de descender del
tractor. (Consulte la página 18, Prácticas correctas de
apagado de los equipos.)
Lugares de estacionamiento con suelo en pendiente:
— Ubique los equipos transversalmente con respecto a la
pendiente.
— Aplique los frenos de estacionamiento.
— Descienda el equipo de la cortadora de césped hasta
el suelo.
— Bloquee las ruedas del tractor.
Aplique el freno de
estacionamiento
Descienda
los equipos elevados
hasta el suelo
Antes de estacionar temporalmente y dejar equipos
deshabilitados cerca de zonas con tránsito:
— Retire los equipos de la vía pública.
— Instale banderas de advertencia.
— Use las balizas de advertencia del tractor.
Apagado con seguridad
Prácticas correctas de apagado de los equipos
PTO
Transforme el apagado correcto de los equipos en un hábito.
El apagado correcto de un tractor y una cortadora
de césped puede ayudar a evitar accidentes cuando
la cortadora está sin vigilancia. Apague la cortadora
siguiendo los procedimientos específicos del manual
del operador del fabricante. Estos procedimientos
normalmente incluirán:
— Reduzca la velocidad del motor.
— Desenganche el embrague de la TDF y la transmisión.
— Haga funcionar el motor en ralentí para que se enfríe
gradualmente.
— Coloque todos los controles en la posición de
estacionamiento.
— Aplique el freno de estacionamiento.
— Descienda la cortadora de césped hasta el suelo.
— Descienda los laterales de las cortadoras con laterales
hasta el suelo.
— Apague el motor, trabe la ignición y retire la llave de la
máquina; llévela con usted.
— Espere hasta que todas las piezas móviles se hayan
detenido antes de descender.
— Libere la presión hidráulica moviendo los controles
hidráulicos varias veces en todas las direcciones.
— Trabe las cubiertas y los cerramientos antivandalismo, si
están instalados, cuando los equipos están sin vigilancia.
— Descienda con cuidado manteniendo contacto de tres
puntos.
18
Desenganche la TDF,
aplique el freno
STOP
P
Descienda los
equipos elevados
hasta el suelo
Espere hasta que las
piezas giratorias se
detengan
Retire la llave, trabe
la ignición, llévese
la llave
Apagado con seguridad
Descenso correcto
— Nunca descienda de equipos en movimiento.
— Nunca baje de una máquina saltando.
— Descienda con cuidado.
— Verifique que no haya peldaños resbaladizos.
— Mantenga los pies y las manos lejos de los controles.
— Use los asideros y los peldaños durante el descenso.
— Enfrente la máquina y use contacto de tres puntos (2
manos y 1 pie o 2 pies y 1 mano).
Espere hasta que las
piezas móviles se
detengan
Use contacto de tres
puntos; enfrente a
la máquina
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de los equipos
Realice el
mantenimiento de
los equipos
Asegúrese de mantener los equipos de acuerdo con las
instrucciones del fabricante. Verifique con regularidad el
funcionamiento de los dispositivos de protección y de
seguridad.
No realice ningún trabajo en un tractor o en una cortadora
de césped si no está autorizado y cualificado para
hacerlo.
Si ha sido autorizado para realizar mantenimiento, lea
los manuales del operador y de servicios. Estudie las
instrucciones; verifique las tablas de lubricación; examine
todos los mensajes de instrucciones que haya sobre la
máquina. El mantenimiento puede ser peligroso si no se
realiza correctamente. Asegúrese de tener las habilidades
necesarias, la información y las herramientas y equipos
correctos para realizar el trabajo.
¡ADVERTENCIA! No modifique equipos ni agregue
componentes no aprobados por el fabricante. Use
piezas, lubricantes y técnicas de servicio recomendadas
por el fabricante.
Piezas de la cortadora de césped y seguridad
personal
Los fabricantes de cortadoras de césped usan
sujetadores y específicos y piezas especialmente
diseñadas para cumplir con los requisitos de las
operaciones de las cortadoras. Las piezas críticas (pernos
autobloqueantes de las hojas, hojas, pasadores, escudos
y otros componentes especiales) tienen requisitos
específicos de resistencia, diseño y ajuste para la marca y
el modelo de cortadora que usted está usando.
Evite posibles lesiones graves o la muerte por el uso de
piezas o modificaciones no aprobadas:
— No sustituya con tornillería común los pernos de las
hojas u otros componentes de piezas especiales
originales del fabricante.
— No sustituya hojas, pasadores, escudos u otras piezas
críticas.
— No use pernos de mayor resistencia para reemplazar
los pernos de seguridad originales del fabricante.
19
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Preparación personal
Use la ropa de protección personal y los equipos de
protección personal (PPE) que se le proporcionen o que
requieran las condiciones del trabajo. SIEMPRE debe
usar gafas de seguridad con escudos laterales.
Puede necesitar también:
— Casco
— Calzado de seguridad
— Anteojos de seguridad, antiparras o protección facial
— Delantal y guantes
— Protección para oídos
— Casco o antiparras para soldar
— Respirador o máscara con filtro
Use la ropa necesaria; no corra ningún riesgo.
Mantenga las manos (y la ropa)alejadas de todas las
piezas móviles. No use cordones sueltos, mangas flojas,
anillos, relojes o cabello largo.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite lesiones graves o muerte por
enredos. No use ropa floja ni accesorios. Manténgase
alejado de todos los componentes giratorios cuando
el motor está en funcionamiento. El contacto, el
enrollado o el enredo con piezas giratorias o móviles
podrían resultar en lesiones graves o la muerte.
Evite las piezas
giratorias
Evite puntos donde
pueda quedar
atrapado
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Use un delantal de caucho y guantes de caucho cuando
trabaja con sustancias corrosivas. Use guantes y calzado
de seguridad cuando manipula bloques de madera o
metales con bordes agudos.
Use siempre anteojos de seguridad, antiparras o
protección facial. Proporcionan protección ocular para
fluidos bajo presión, mientras se esmerila y se realizan
servicios a las baterías. También es necesaria protección
contra residuos, líquidos y material suelto producido por
el equipo, las herramientas y el aire/agua presurizada.
Use protección facial y siga las instrucciones del
fabricante cuando desarma componentes cargados a
resorte o cuando trabaja con ácidos de batería. Use un
casco o antiparras para soldar con filtro esfumado cuando
suelda o corta con soplete.
No arene, esmerile, corte con soplete o suelde sin
un respirador aprobado por NIOSH o una ventilación
adecuada. Si se requiere soldar en esta máquina, consulte
los manuales del operador o de servicios del fabricante o
consulte al concesionario de los equipos para obtener los
procedimientos correctos.
Mantenga los bolsillos sin objetos que podrían salirse y
caer dentro de la maquinaria.
20
Limpie las
superficies
resbaladizas
Ventile la zona
de trabajo
Maneje las herramientas y las piezas pesadas con
sensatez con respecto a usted mismo y a otras personas.
Deposite los elementos, no los deje caer.
Preparación de la zona de trabajo
— Ubique la cortadora de césped en una zona nivelada
fuera del paso de otros equipos en funcionamiento.
— Asegúrese de que haya luz, ventilación y espacio libre
adecuados.
— Quite el aceite, la grasa o el agua para eliminar toda
superficie resbaladiza.
— Limpie alrededor de la zona donde se realizarán
servicios para minimizar la contaminación.
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Preparación de la máquina
Deben controlarse o reducirse las fuentes de energía
almacenada (eléctricas, mecánicas, hidráulicas,
neumáticas, químicas, térmicas, etc.) al mínimo
practicable antes de realizar cualquier procedimiento de
mantenimiento, reparación o servicio.
Prácticas de seguridad para prevenir posibles lesiones
por fuentes que liberan energía:
— Desenganche la TDF antes de apagar el motor.
— Coloque los controles en la posición de estacionamiento
o punto muerto antes de apagar el motor.
— Aplique el freno de estacionamiento o bloquee las
ruedas.
— Espere hasta que todas las piezas móviles se
detengan.
— Descienda la cortadora de césped hasta el suelo.
— Descienda los laterales de las cortadoras con laterales
hasta el suelo.
— Apague el motor del tractor.
— Libere la presión del sistema hidráulico moviendo los
controles varias veces en todas las direcciones.
— Trabe la ignición, retire la llave y llévesela.
Prepare los
sistemas de la
máquina para
realizarles servicios
— Escuche y observe en busca de evidencias que
indiquen piezas en movimiento antes de descender.
— Apoye o bloquee con seguridad la cortadora de
césped antes de trabajar debajo de ella o de otros
componentes elevados.
— Apoye, bloquee o trabe con seguridad los laterales de la
cortadora con dispositivos de traba aprobados antes de
trabajar cerca o debajo de una cortadora con laterales.
— Alivie la presión antes de desconectar o desarmar un
sistema presurizado.
— Bloquee o alivie la presión de los resortes antes de
desarmar un mecanismo cargado a resorte.
— Apoye o bloquee con seguridad cualquier componente
elevado de la máquina antes de trabajar en él.
— Evite las llamas, las chispas y no fume cerca de
combustibles, fluido hidráulico u otro material
inflamable como los residuos de los cortes.
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Fije una etiqueta con la advertencia “NO PONER EN
FUNCIONAMIENTO” en todas las palancas de control y
retire la llave de contacto si la cortadora de césped no
debe ser utilizada. Llévese la llave.
Use una “etiqueta que
indique No poner en
funcionamiento”
Instale dispositivos de apoyo aprobados cuando trabaja
debajo o cerca de equipos elevados.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Las cortadoras de césped u otros
equipos elevados no apoyados pueden caerse de manera
imprevista. Nunca se introduzca debajo de equipos
elevados si no están apoyados en dispositivos de
apoyo aprobados. La caída de equipos podría resultar en
una lesión grave o la muerte por aplastamiento.
Retire sólo las guardas o cubiertas que permiten acceder
a la zona donde se realizarán servicios. Vuelva a colocar
todas las guardas y cubiertas cuando el trabajo esté
terminado.
Utilice
dispositivos de apoyo
aprobados
Vuelva a colocar
todas las guardas
21
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Use ventilación adecuada
Si es necesario hacer funcionar un motor en una zona
cerrada, elimine del área las emanaciones de escape
con una extensión del caño de escape. Si no tiene esa
extensión, asegúrese de abrir las puertas y dejar entrar
aire del exterior.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones. Nunca trabaje
en la maquinaria con el motor en funcionamiento salvo
que así lo indiquen los manuales del fabricante para
un servicio en particular.
Retire la llave y
lea el manual de
mantenimiento
Ventile la zona
de trabajo
¡ADVERTENCIA! Nunca haga funcionar ningún tipo de
motor sin la ventilación adecuada: LAS EMANACIONES
DEL ESCAPE PUEDEN SER MORTALES.
Use gatos y malacates con cuidado
Los soportes o bloques de seguridad deben ubicarse
en una parte rígida de la cortadora. No ubique soportes
debajo de ejes o apoyos de ruedas que puedan girar.
Si debe trabajar debajo de equipos elevados, siempre
use bloques de madera (no de concreto), soportes de
gato u otros soportes rígidos y estables. Cuando use
gatos o malacates, siempre asegúrese de que están
correctamente apoyados.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones por
aplastamiento. Nunca use bloques de concreto para
apoyo. Pueden colapsar bajo cargas incluso livianas.
Use un apoyo
adecuado para los
equipos elevados
Asegúrese de que los malacates o gatos que usa estén en
buenas condiciones. Nunca use gatos con piezas rajadas,
dobladas o retorcidas. Nunca use cables pelados,
retorcidos o pellizcados. Nunca use ganchos doblados o
deformados.
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para tareas de
mantenimiento comunes
Riesgos del combustible
¡ADVERTENCIA! Siempre use recipientes y/o equipos
de distribución de combustible aprobados.
Los combustibles son inflamables; por eso, debe cumplir
estas prácticas con el fin de reducir la posibilidad de un
accidente grave.
— Apague el motor y la ignición mientras carga combustible.
— Siempre conecte a tierra la boquilla de combustible
contra el cuello de llenado del depósito para evitar
chispas.
— Mantenga las chispas y llamas abiertas alejadas del
combustible.
— No fume mientras carga combustible o manipula
recipientes con combustible.
— No corte ni suelde en líneas, tanques o recipientes de
combustible ni cerca de ellos.
— No llene el depósito en exceso o derrame combustible.
Limpie el combustible derramado de inmediato.
22
Riesgos del refrigerante de motor
Los sistemas de refrigeración con líquidos acumulan
presión a medida que el motor se calienta; tenga suma
precaución antes de retirar la tapa del radiador.
Asegúrese de:
— Detener el motor y esperar que el sistema se enfríe.
— Usar ropa de protección y anteojos de seguridad.
— Girar la tapa del radiador lentamente hasta el primer
tope para permitir que la presión escape antes de
retirar la tapa por completo.
No fumar;
evitar las llamas
abiertas
Retire la tapa
del radiador
lentamente
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Riesgos del sistema hidráulico
El sistema hidráulico se encuentra bajo presión siempre
que el motor está funcionando; puede conservar presión
incluso después de apagar el motor. Haga funcionar
todos los controles hidráulicos incluyendo el control
hidráulico auxiliar después de que el motor esté apagado.
Alivie la presión atrapada en las líneas después de que los
accesorios están apagados y apoyados en el suelo.
Durante la inspección del sistema hidráulico:
— Espere que el fluido se enfríe antes de desconectar
las líneas. El fluido hidráulico caliente puede causar
QUEMADURAS GRAVES.
— No use las manos para verificar la presencia de fugas.
En cambio, use un cartón o papel para buscar fugas.
— Use protección ocular adecuada. El fluido hidráulico
puede causar lesiones oculares permanentes.
¡ADVERTENCIA! El fluido hidráulico bajo presión pueden
penetrar la piel o los ojos y causar lesiones graves,
ceguera o la muerte. Las fugas de fluido bajo presión
pueden no ser visibles. Utilice un cartón o una madera
para buscar fugas, no la mano. Use una protección
facial o antiparras de seguridad para proteger los
ojos. Si el fluido se inyecta en la piel, debe ser extraído
dentro de las próximas pocas horas por personal médico
familiarizado con este tipo de lesión.
Cuando ventila o llena el sistema hidráulico, afloje la tapa
de llenado con lentitud y retírela gradualmente.
Nunca restablezca una válvula de alivio del sistema
hidráulico a una presión mayor que la recomendada por el
fabricante.
Use protección
ocular
El fluido a
alta presión puede
inyectarse en el
cuerpo
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Riesgos del sistema eléctrico
Antes de trabajar en el sistema eléctrico, desconecte los
cables de la batería.
— Retire primero los cables negativos (-) de la batería.
— Al reconectar la batería, conecte los cables negativos
(-) de la batería al final.
El líquido del interior de las baterías contiene ácido,
que es un VENENO y puede causar QUEMADURAS
QUÍMICAS GRAVES.
Evite lesiones
— Use una protección facial para evitar el contacto con
los ojos.
— Use guantes y ropa resistentes a los productos
químicos para mantener al electrolito alejado de la piel
y la ropa común.
Use guantes de caucho y ropa de protección para
mantener el electrolito lejos de la piel. Si el electrolito
entra en contacto con la piel o la ropa, lave de inmediato
con agua limpia.
Si se ingiere, busque atención médica de inmediato.
NUNCA proporcione líquidos que induzcan el vómito.
Use protección
facial
Use indumentaria
de protección
¡ADVERTENCIA! El contacto con el electrolito daña
los ojos y la piel. Siempre use una protección facial
para evitar que el electrolito penetre en los ojos. Si el
electrolito entra en contacto con los ojos, enjuague de
inmediato con agua limpia y busque atención médica.
23
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Evite explosiones
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones graves por
explosiones. Las baterías de plomo-ácido producen
gases sumamente explosivos, especialmente durante la
carga. Mantenga alejados los arcos, las chispas, las
llamas y el tabaco encendido.
— No fume cerca de las baterías.
— Mantenga los arcos, las chispas y llamas abiertas
alejadas de las baterías.
— Proporcione ventilación adecuada.
Nunca revise la batería colocando un objeto metálico
entre los bornes: la chispa resultante podría causar una
explosión.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones graves por
explosiones de baterías. No cargue baterías ni arranque
con refuerzo el motor si la batería está congelada.
Caliente a 60 °F (15,5 °C) o la batería puede explotar y
causar lesiones graves.
Reglas de seguridad durante el arranque con refuerzo de
batería:
— Siga las instrucciones para el “arranque con refuerzo
de batería” correcto como se especifica en el manual
del fabricante.
— Asegúrese de que las máquinas no se estén tocando.
— Observe la polaridad de las baterías y conexiones.
— Realice la conexión final de cable al motor o al punto
de tierra más alejado de la batería. Nunca realice la
conexión final en el arrancador o la batería muerta: las
chispas pueden encender gases explosivos presentes
en la batería.
— Cuando desconecta cables después de un arranque
con puente, retire los cables en el orden inverso al de la
conexión (es decir, la conexión final primero).
Evite las chispas
y las llamas abiertas
cerca de las
baterías
Para el arranque
con refuerzo, observe
la polaridad y realice
la conexión final en
el punto de descarga
a tierra
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de neumáticos y ruedas
Revise los neumáticos y las ruedas a diario porque la
estabilidad del tractor y la cortadora de césped puede
verse significativamente afectada por la presión de los
neumáticos o daños en los neumáticos o en las ruedas.
Revise los neumáticos para verificar:
— La presión correcta.
— Cortes y protuberancias.
— Clavos u otras pinchaduras.
— Desgaste desparejo o excesivo.
— Estado de los vástagos y tapas de las válvulas.
Revise las ruedas para verificar:
— Daños en las llantas.
— Tuercas o pernos faltantes o flojos.
— Desalineación.
Todos los servicios de neumáticos deben ser realizados
por un centro de servicios para neumáticos cualificado
o por una persona de servicio autorizada debidamente
capacitada en los procedimientos y el uso del equipo de
seguridad destinado a los servicios de neumáticos.
24
Revise los
neumáticos y las
ruedas en busca
de daños
Mantenga la
presión correcta en
los neumáticos
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de neumáticos y ruedas
(continuación)
¡ADVERTENCIA! Los tipos de ruedas y neumáticos
que generalmente se encuentran en estos equipos
requieren cuidados especiales al realizar servicios
para evitar lesiones graves o la muerte.
No infle los neumáticos por encima de la presión
recomendada. Asegúrese de volver a colocar el lastre
de los neumáticos si está instalado. Consulte las
especificaciones del fabricante para ver los requisitos
de lastre.
Mantenga las tuercas de las ruedas apretadas según las
recomendaciones del fabricante.
Es normal que la presión de los neumáticos aumente
durante el funcionamiento; NO se debe reducir.
Nunca vuelva a inflar un neumático que se ha desinflado
mucho o por completo sin retirar el neumático de la
rueda. Haga inspeccionar atentamente el neumático y la
rueda para detectar daños antes de volverlos a armar.
Al agregar aire a un neumático, hágalo desde cierta
distancia. Use una manguera larga con mandril de
autofijación. Siempre párese detrás de la trocha cuando
ajusta la presión de un neumático.
Evite la explosión
de los neumáticos
No infle neumáticos con gases inflamables o con sistemas
que usan un inyector de alcohol.
Nunca corte o suelde una rueda con un neumático inflado
instalado en ella. Esto podría causar descompresión
explosiva.
Verifique que el tamaño del neumático y la rueda
coincidan correctamente.
Cuando reemplaza neumáticos, asegúrese de que sean de
la clasificación adecuada especificada por el fabricante.
Los neumáticos no deben funcionar a velocidades más
altas que las nominales. La mayoría de los neumáticos
para agricultura están clasificados para una velocidad
máxima de 20 mph (32 km/h).
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Servicio y reparaciones completas antes de
liberar la máquina
Apriete todos los pernos, accesorios y conexiones con las
torsiones especificadas por el fabricante.
Verifique el trabajo
de servicio cuando
está completo
Instale todas las guardas, cubiertas y escudos después
de realizar los servicios. Reemplace o repare los que
estén dañados. Llene y recargue los sistemas a presión
sólo con los fluidos aprobados o recomendados por el
fabricante.
Arranque el motor y revise para detectar fugas. (Consulte
la página 23, Riesgos del sistema hidráulico.) Haga
funcionar todos los controles para asegurarse de que el
tractor y la cortadora de césped funcionan correctamente.
Pruebe la máquina si es necesario. Después de las
pruebas, apague y verifique el trabajo realizado. ¿Falta
algún pasador, arandela, tuerca de seguridad, etc.?
Vuelva a revisar todos los niveles de fluidos antes de
liberar la máquina para el funcionamiento.
Todas las piezas deben ser inspeccionadas durante la
reparación y deben reemplazarse si están gastadas,
rajadas o dañadas. Las piezas excesivamente gastadas o
dañadas pueden fallar y causar lesiones o la muerte.
Mantenimiento de las hojas de la cortadora
No corra riesgos usando hojas dañadas o dobladas. Los
fabricantes de cortadoras de césped de la Asociación
de Fabricantes de Equipos (Association of Equipment
Manufacturers, AEM) y la Asociación de Fabricantes de
Equipos para Agricultura (Farm Equipment Manufacturers
Association, FEMA) piden que las hojas de cortadoras
NO se reutilicen, enderecen, refuercen en su superficie o
suelden. Si una hoja rota es arrojada por una cortadora,
podrían producirse lesiones graves o la muerte.
Reemplace cualquier letrero dañado o ilegible.
25
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de las hojas de la cortadora
(continuación)
— ¿Cómo están hechas las hojas de la cortadora
de césped? Están hechas acero para resortes de
aleación de alta resistencia. Se forjan en caliente y se
les da forma para cumplir con las especificaciones
individuales del fabricante; luego, se tratan y templan
a un estado dúctil, de alta resistencia para reducir la
posibilidad de rupturas durante el corte. Las hojas se
prueban para garantizar que cumplan con las normas
de resistencia, dureza y ductilidad. Si una hoja no
cumple con alguna de estas especificaciones, no se
utilizará en la cortadora de césped.
— ¿Qué sucede cuando se dobla una hoja de la
cortadora? Se necesita una gran fuerza de impacto
para doblar la hoja. Esta fuerza de impacto a menudo
resulta en que las hojas se agujerean o marcan. Una
vez que una hoja está dañada por un agujero o una
marca, es mucho más probable que ocurra una falla
de la hoja. Cuando una hoja está gravemente doblada,
puede crearse una rajadura microscópica en ella.
Enderezar la hoja no quita o repara esta rajadura, sino
que puede causar rajaduras adicionales.Tensiones
adicionales durante los trabajos de corte pueden
resultar en una falla imprevista de la hoja.
— Evite doblar las hojas. Contribuya a prevenir que las
hojas de la cortadora se doblen o rajen evitando el
contacto con objetos sólidos. Las hojas de la cortadora
de césped están destinadas a cortar hierba, arbustos,
vegetación leñosa y árboles y ramas pequeños. No
están diseñadas para entrar en contacto con objetos
sólidos como roca, cemento o postes de acero.
Inspeccione la zona antes de usar la cortadora. Retire
o marque claramente los objetos sólidos y corte
alrededor de ellos.
— Sustituya las hojas dañadas! Inspeccione las hojas
de la cortadora diariamente o después de golpear
algún objeto sólido. Si una hoja de la cortadora de
césped se daña (está doblada, agujereada, rajada) o
desgasta más del 25 por ciento del tamaño original,
debe retirarse y sustituirse con una nueva. Siempre use
las hojas originales del fabricante. Las hojas de marcas
no originales pueden no cumplir con los requisitos de
resistencia, dureza y ductilidad del fabricante de la
cortadora.
— No corra riesgos usando hojas dañadas o dobladas.
El uso de una hoja de cortadora dañada o enderezada
puede resultar en la ruptura de la hoja y que la hoja
sea arrojada hacia el operador o una persona ajena
causando una lesión grave o la muerte. El precio
de una nueva hoja es bajo en comparación con la
posibilidad de una lesión grave que podría resultar de
una hoja doblada o rota arrojada por la cortadora
Palabras finales para el usuario
Acaba de terminar de leer el Manual de la cortadora de
césped industrial y para agricultura AEM. Es imposible
que este manual abarque todas las situaciones
de seguridad que se podría encontrar a diario. Su
conocimiento de estas precauciones de seguridad y
de su cumplimiento de las reglas básicas de seguridad
contribuirán a formar un buen juicio en todas las
situaciones. Nuestro objetivo es ayudarlo a desarrollar,
establecer y mantener buenos hábitos de seguridad para
que la operación de una cortadora de césped industrial y
para agricultura le resulte más fácil y más segura.
Éste es otro manual de una serie publicada por AEM sobre la operación de maquinaria en condiciones de seguridad.
Muchas de las ilustraciones de este manual de seguridad se pueden encontrar y descargar en http://pictorials.aem.org.
Para obtener publicaciones adicionales, visite nuestro sitio web en www.safetymaterials.org.
ASOCIACIÓN DE FABRICANTES
DE EQUIPOS
Correo electrónico: safetymaterials@aem.org
www.aem.org
26
INTRODUCTION SECTION
Introduction Section 4-1
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
We are pleased to have you as a Rhino customer. Your boom mower has been carefully designed with care
and built with quality materials by skilled workers to give maximum service with minimum down time. This
manual is provided to give you the necessary operating and maintenance instructions for keeping you rotary
cutter in top operating condition. Careful use and timely service saves extensive repairs and costly downtime
losses. Please read this manual thoroughly. Understand what each control is for and how to use it.
The Assembly Section instructs the owner/operator in the correct assembly of the Mower using standard and
optional equipment. The Parts Listing section is designed to familiarize the owner/operator with replaceable
parts of the Mower. This section provides exploded assembly drawings of each mower component illustrating
each piece and the corresponding part number.
Safety is of primary importance to the owner/operator and to the manufacturer. The first section of this manual
includes a list of Safety Messages, that, if followed, will help protect the operator and bystanders from injury or
death. Many of the Safety Messages will be repeated throughout the manual. The owner/operator/dealer
should know these Safety Messages before assembly and be aware of the hazards of operating this mower
during assembly, use, and maintenance. The Safety Alert Symbol combined with a Signal Word, as seen
below, is intended to warn the owner/operator of impending hazards and the degree of possible injury faced
when operating this machine.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, WILL result in DEATH OR
VERY SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, COULD result in DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, MAY result in MINOR
INJURY.
Identifies special instructions or procedures that, if not strictly observed, could result in
damage to, or destruction of the machine, attachments or the environment.
NOTE: Identifies points of particular interest for more efficient and convenient operation or repair.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 4-2
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
Your DB150 Boom is designed for heavy-duty cutting in limited access areas such as highway, park, and rural
roadsides, overhead growth, ditches, levees, and other such grass and limb control uses in generally hard-toreach areas. Your Maverick Boom can be equipped with a variety of cutting heads designed for specific cutting
needs.
Features
Powerful – Hydraulically driven 60” rotary cutting head
Operating Range – 85 degrees up and 90 degrees down allowing the operator to mow in many different
circumstances that are impossible with ordinary mowers
Standard Equipment – Counterweight is provided with a 60 gallon hydraulic reservoir tank
Easy to Mount – CAT II/III quick hitch
Efficient – Hydraulic oil tank permits the system to run cooler in rough mowing conditions
Durable Construction – Top deck made of 10 gauge steel
Versatility – Mower has a tilt angle of 85 degrees up through 70 degrees down and a max reach of 158”” from
the center line of the tractor
Cutting Capacity – 1” diameter grass, weeds and brush
Safe Operation – Front and rear double chain guards, no dangerous moving parts above the deck, i.e.
drivelines, belts, pulleys or u-joints
Tractor Requirement – 60 PTO HP with ample front-end counterweight
Warranty – One year parts and labor. Non-governmental users subject to a modified policy. Only genuine Rhino
OEM replacement parts may be used for warranty replacement.
DIRECTION
Throughout this Manual front and rear, left and right are determined by the normal direction of travel, the same
as driving an automobile.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 4-3
INTRODUCTION
ATTENTION OWNER/OPERATOR
BEFORE OPERATING THIS MACHINE:
1. Carefully read the Operator’s Manual, completely understand the Safety Messages and instructions, and
know how to operate correctly both the tractor and Mower.
INTRODUCTION
2. Fill out the Warranty Card in full. Be sure to answer all questions, including the Serial Number of the Mower.
Mail within 30 days of delivery date of this implement.
NOTE: Warranties are honored only if completed “Owner Registration and Warranty” forms are received by
Alamo Group within thirty days of delivery of the mower.
3. Record the Mower Model and Serial Numbers on the Warranty page at the front of the Operator’s Manual.
Keep this as part of the permanent maintenance file for the Mower.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 4-4
INTRODUCTION
RHINO LIMITED WARRANTY
(a)Repair or replace the defective goods or part(s) or
(b)Reimburse Purchaser for the cost of the part(s) and reasonable labor charges (as determined by Manufacturer) if
Purchaser paid for the repair and/or replacement prior to the final determination of applicability of the warranty by
Manufacturer.
The choice of remedy shall belong to Manufacturer.
2.05. Purchaser is responsible for any labor charges exceeding a reasonable amount as determined by Manufacturer and for returning the
goods to the Dealer, whether or not the claim is approved. Purchaser is responsible for the transportation cost for the goods or part(s)
from the Dealer to the designated factory.
3. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY.
3.01. MANUFACTURER DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS (EXCEPT AS SET FORTH HEREIN) AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES WITH
RESPECT TO THE GOODS INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.
3.02. MANUFACTURER MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE DESIGN, CAPABILITY, CAPACITY, OR SUITABILITY FOR USE OF THE
GOODS.
3.03. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED HEREIN, MANUFACTURER SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY OR RESPONSIBILITY TO PURCHASER OR
ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY WITH RESPECT TO ANY LIABILITY, LOSS, OR DAMAGE CAUSED OR ALLEGED TO BE
CAUSED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY BY THE GOODS INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM THE USE OR OPERATION OF THE GOODS OR ANY
BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. NOT WITHSTANDING THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS AND WARRANTIES, MANUFACTURER’S
LIABILITY HEREUNDER FOR DAMAGES INCURRED BY PURCHASER OR OTHERS SHALL NOT EXCEED THE PRICE OF THE
GOODS.
3.04. NO ACTION ARISING OUT OF ANY CLAIMED BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY OR TRANSACTIONS UNDER THIS WARRANTY
MAY BE BROUGHT MORE THAN TWO (2) YEARS AFTER THE CAUSE OF ACTION HAS OCCURRED.
4. MISCELLANEOUS.
4.01. Proper Venue for any lawsuits arising from or related to this limited warranty shall be only in Guadalupe County, Texas.
4.02. Manufacturer may waive compliance with any of the terms of this limited warranty, but no waiver of any terms shall be deemed to be a
waiver of any other term.
4.03. If any provision of this limited warranty shall violate any applicable law and is held to be unenforceable, then the invalidity of such
provision shall not invalidate any other provisions herein.
4.04. Applicable law may provide rights and benefits to purchaser in addition to those provided herein.
KEEP FOR YOUR RECORDS
ATTENTION: Purchaser should fill in the blanks below for his reference when buying repair parts and/or for proper machine identification
when applying for warranty.
Rhino Implement Model________________________________ Serial Number________________________
Date
Dealer_______________________________
ATTENTION:
READ YOUR OPERATOR'S MANUAL
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Purchased______________________________________
RHINO®
1020 S Sangamon Ave.
Gibson City, IL 60936
800-446-5158
E-mail: parts@servis-rhino.com
Introduction Section 4-5
INTRODUCTION
1. LIMITED WARRANTIES
1.01. Rhino warrants for one year from the purchase date to the original non-commercial, governmental, or municipal purchaser
(“Purchaser”) and warrants for six months to the original commercial or industrial purchaser (“Purchaser”) that the goods purchased
are free from defects in material or workmanship.
1.02. Manufacturer will replace for the Purchaser any part or parts found, upon examination at one of its factories, to be defective under
normal use and service due to defects in material or workmanship.
1.03. This limited warranty does not apply to any part of the goods which has been subjected to improper or abnormal use, negligence,
alteration, modification, or accident, damaged due to lack of maintenance or use of wrong fuel, oil, or lubricants, or which has served
its normal life. This limited warranty does not apply to any part of any internal combustion engine, or expendable items such as blades,
shields, guards, or pneumatic tires except as specifically found in your Operator’s Manual.
1.04. Except as provided herein, no employee, agent, Dealer, or other person is authorized to give any warranties of any nature on behalf of
Manufacturer.
2. REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES.
2.01. This limited warranty is not effective unless the Purchaser returns the Registration and Warranty Form to Manufacturer within 30 days
of purchase.
2.02. Purchaser claims must be made in writing to the Authorized Dealer (“Dealer”) from whom Purchaser purchased the goods or an
approved Authorized Dealer (“Dealer”) within 30 days after Purchaser learns of the facts on which the claim is based.
2.03. Purchaser is responsible for returning the goods in question to the Dealer.
2.04. If after examining the goods and/or parts in question, Manufacturer finds them to be defective under normal use and service due to
defects in material or workmanship, Manufacturer will:
ASSEMBLY SECTION
Assembly Section 3-1
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
ASSEMBLY
General Assembly
To help you assemble your new DB150 and mount it to your tractor, we provide you with drawings, instructions
and general information. When needed, you can get information or clarification from Rhino Customer Service.
This publication provides general information not specifically for your case or tractor, but, in connection with
the drawings. This publication offers you some valuable assistance - please read it thoroughly.
ASSEMBLY
These instructions have been prepared to assist you in the correct procedure for mounting a DB150 on your
tractor.
Throughout these instructions, references are made to right or left directions. Right and left are determined by
sitting on the tractor seat and facing the direction of travel.
This is the Safety-Alert symbol. When you see this symbol on your machine or in these
instructions, be alert to the potential for personal injury.
Follow recommended precautions and safe operating practices.
A signal word - DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION - is used with the Safety Alert
symbol. DANGER identifies the most serious hazards. Decals are red and white.
Safety signs with signal word WARNING
hazards. Decals are orange and black.
are
typically used to point out more serious
General precautions are listed on CAUTION safety sign. CAUTION also calls attention to
safety messages in these instructions. Decals are yellow and black.
NOTE: This mower unit's hydraulic components have been carefully cleaned and packaged at the factory to
prevent contamination from entering the system. However, dust and dirt particles may enter into the sealed
components through transportation, handling, rain or just sitting in a dirty or harsh enviroment. Therefore to
assure that the hydraulic system is properly clean please adhere to the following procedure.
1. Prepare the area where the unit is to be assembled. The area should be on a hard concrete floor that has
been swept clean of all dust and contaminants. Un-package the mower unit carefully so that the seals on
the hydraulic components are not broken or pulled off. Lay out parts to make location easy.
2. Inspect and clean all hydraulic hoses and fittings prior to installing them onto the tractor or mower. If dirt or
material is seen in any of the parts, they should be washed and cleaned thoroughly with an oil-compatible
solution. Do not blow the material further into a hose since this sometimes does not remove the foreign
material and can cause damage to hydraulic components down stream.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-2
ASSEMBLY
TRACTOR PREPARATION
Add front end weights as required to maintain enough weight on front wheels for safe steering.
Failure to add the required front end weight can cause tractor to rear up which can cause
equipment damage and bodily injury.
To prevent damage to the Hydraulic Pump, do not attempt to start tractor before installing
the hydraulic systems and filling the system with Universal Tractor Hydraulic oil as specified.
MAINFRAME ATTACHMENT
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-3
ASSEMBLY
With a forklift or hoist raise the Mainframe until it lines-up with the 3-point hitch. Figure Asm-B-0001. Attach
the Mainframe to the 3-point hitch by using a standard Cat. II pin (Figure Asm-0003) or a optional Cat. II & III
pin (Figure Asm-B-0004-0005) and a Retaining Pin. Attach the tractor Top Link to the Mainframe with bolt and
locknut. Figure Asm-B-0006.
ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-4
ASSEMBLY
HEAD ATTACHMENT
Align the Mainframe with the Mower Head, insert the Main Head Pin and retain with bolt and locknut. Attach
the Linkage with bushings and retain with the bolts and locknuts. Figure Asm-B-0001
ASSEMBLY
With a hoist, raise the Mower Head until it is vertical. Attach the Transport bar to the Mower Head.
Figure Asm-B-0002.
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-5
ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
Adjust the Tilt Cylinder Clevis until it lines up with the Lift Link Weldment, retain with Tilt Cylinder greasable Pin.
Figure Asm-B-0003.
ATTACHMENT OF HYDRAULIC HOSES
Once pumps are installed, DO NOT start the tractor (which will turn the pumps) unless
thehydraulic circuits are completed and filled with the specified universal tractor hydraulic oil.
Running pumps without oil will cause non-warrantable damage.
It is important that pipe thread sealant be used only on pipe threads; never on connections or on straight thread
"O" ring fittings. Use the pipe thread sealant supplied. Do not substitute with some other type of sealant, such
as, teflon tape, paint, shellac, etc.
Hoses supplied have two types of fittings; solid or swivel. Some hoses have solid fittings on both ends; others
have solid fitting and a swivel fitting. Hoses with two solid fittings will fit into either a internal solid thread or a
swivel adapter union. When installing either type hose, solid fittings must be installed first, then install the
swivel end of the hose or fitting.
1. Standard pipe (NPT or NPTF) thread fittings. This type requires a small amount of evenly-applied sealant.
2. Swivel fittings. This type does not require any sealant on the swivel end because it seals against an
internal flare.
3. "O" Ring fittings. This type does not require any sealant on the "O" Ring end of the fitting.
It is extremely important to avoid getting pipe thread sealant inside the fittings or hoses. KEEP THE INTERIOR
OF ALL HYDRAULIC COMPONENTS CLEAN. Inspect the inside diameter of each hose before assembly.
Make certain that no obstruction is present. Dirt, sand, dust, etc., are abrasive and once it the system can
cause immediate or early failure.
When assembling the fittings and hoses, be careful not to introduce any dust or contaminants into the system.
Keep all fittings, hoses, and hydraulic components sealed until installed. Do not allow any components to lie
open and exposed to dust or contamination. Do not lay parts down on the dirt or sand and then assemble them
as this will introduce contaminants into the system.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-6
ASSEMBLY
To avoid Hydraulic Contamination, always keep all hoses and hydraulic fittings capped until
they are ready to be installed. FIGURE Asm-B-0006.
ASSEMBLY
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-7
ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
Oil Reservoir is shipped filled with oil to the minimum level. When adding hydraulic oil proceed.
1. Remove the Filler Cap Weldment. FIGURE Asm-B-0007.
2. Avoid hydraulic contamination by filtering the hydraulic oil while filling the hydraulic tank. Filter buggies or
carts are commercially available for hydraulic system clean-up. These consist of a high-efficiency, highcapacity filter, a circulating pump, a drive motor, and hoses for connecting to the overhauled machine's
hydraulic system. FIGURE Asm-B-0008 & Asm-B-0009
.
3. When adding hydraulic oil, use only new oil from a sealed barrel. Used oil or oil from an open barrel may
contain high levels of contamination. Transfer the oil into the hydraulic tank by using a hydraulic filter pump
unit equipped with a properly operating 10 micron filter. This will insure that the oil being added is clean.
Do not just pour the oil directly into the hydraulic tank since most oils (even from a sealed barrel) have contaminants that should be removed, before operating the hydraulic system.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-8
ASSEMBLY
4. Fill the Hydraulic Reservoir until the fluid is visible through the sight guage.
Asm-B-0011.
FIGURE Asm-B-0010 &
.
6. When the hydraulic tank has been filled and the mower unit properly assembled, the unit should be started
up.
NOTE: Make sure that no materials, tools, or jacks have been left under the mower head. Make sure the front
and rear of the mower are properly guarded to prevent any foreign objects from being thrown by the mower. All
other workers should keep a safe distance from the unit before the mower is started.
7. Run the mower at 1000 RPM tractor engine speed for at least two hours.
Change the return filter in tank and suction filters after the first 200 hours of operation.
Change the filters again at 800 hours; then, change the oil and filters at 1600 hours. After
that, continue to change the filter every 800 hours and the oil every 1600 hours. Hydraulic
oil to be used is, Universal Tractor Hydraulic Oil. Use the above procedures as part of a
good filter maintenance program.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-9
ASSEMBLY
5. Fill the Suction Hose with hydraulic fluid and re-install on Hydraulic Tank. Tighten hose clamp securely.
FIGURE Asm-B-0012 & Asm-B-0013
ASSEMBLY
SIDE GAUGE WHEEL (OPTIONAL)
ASSEMBLY
Assemble to out front side of head as shown in Figure Asm-B-0014. Adjust axle bolt into one of three possible
positions.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-10
OPERATION SECTION
Operation Section 4-1
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
OPERATION
RHINO DB150 BOOM MOWER
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Rhino Booms are manufactured with quality material by skilled workers. The DB150 is designed to attach to a
tractor and mow in pond embankments, weeds, and grass or other agricultural applications that may apply.
The boom and head is equipped with safety warning decals, protective deflectors, shields, and other safety
features to provide operator and passerby protection, however, no shielding is 100% accurate. ALL safety
equipment and safety warning decals must be maintained on the unit in good operational condition at all times.
OPERATION
•
•
•
•
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including, Front and Rear Deflectors and Skid Shoes are in place and
in good condition when mowing.
Mower is adjusted to be close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
It is the operator’s responsibility to be knowledgeable of all potential operating hazards and to take every
reasonable precaution to ensure oneself, others, animals, and property are not injured or damaged by the
boom unit, tractor or a thrown object. Do not operate the boom and attached head if bystanders, passersby,
pets or livestock are within 300 feet of the unit.
This section of the Operator’s Manual is designed to familiarize, instruct, and educate operators to the safe and
proper use of the boom and attached head. Pictures contained in this section are intended to be used as a
visual aid to assist in explaining the operation of a DB150 Boom Mower and are not specific to a DB150 Boom
Mower. Some pictures may show shields removed to enhance visual clarity. NEVER operate the boom unit
without all safety equipment in place and in good operational condition. The operator must be familiar with the
boom unit and tractor operation and all safety practices before beginning operation. Proper operation, as
detailed in this manual, will help ensure years of safe and satisfactory use of the DB150 Boom Mower.
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE ENTIRE OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY SECTION OF THIS
MANUAL AND THE TRACTOR MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO USE THE TRACTOR AND
IMPLEMENT. If you do not understand any of the instructions, contact your nearest authorized dealer for a
full explanation. Pay close attention to all safety signs and safety messages contained in this manual and
those affixed to the implement and tractor. OPS-U- 0001
READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the following Safety Messages. Serious injury or
death may occur unless care is taken to follow the warnings and instructions stated in the
Safety Messages. Always use good common sense to avoid hazards. (SG-2)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-2
OPERATION
1.OPERATOR REQUIREMENTS
Safe operation of the unit is the responsibility of a qualified operator. A qualified operator has read and
understands the implement and tractor Operator’s Manuals and is experienced in implement and tractor
operation and all associated safety practices. In addition to the safety messages contained in this manual,
safety signs are affixed to the implement and tractor. If any part of the operation and safe use of this
equipment is not completely understood, consult an authorized dealer for a complete explanation.
Safe operation of equipment requires that the operator wear approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
for the job conditions when attaching, operating, servicing, and repairing the equipment. PPE is designed to
provide operator protection and includes the following safety wear:
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Always Wear Safety Glasses
Hard Hat
Steel Toe Safety Footwear
Gloves
Hearing Protection
Close Fitting Clothing
Respirator or Filter Mask (depends on
operating conditions) OPS-U- 0002
DO NOT use drugs or alcohol immediately before or while operating the
Tractor and Implement. Drugs and alcohol will affect an operator’s
alertness and coordination and therefore affect the operator’s ability to
operate the equipment safely. Before operating the Tractor or Implement,
an operator on prescription or over-the-counter medication must consult
a medical professional regarding any side effects of the medication that
would hinder their ability to operate the Equipment safely. NEVER
knowingly allow anyone to operate this equipment when their alertness or
coordination is impaired. Serious injury or death to the operator or others
could result if the operator is under the influence of drugs or alcohol. (SG-27)
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-3
OPERATION
If the operator cannot read the manuals for themselves or does not completely understand the operation of the
equipment, it is the responsibility of the supervisor to read and explain the manuals, safety practices, and
operating instructions to the operator.
OPERATION
2.TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS
In addition to tractor horsepower and size required to operate the boom unit, the tractor must also be properly
equipped to provide operator protection, to alert approaching vehicle drivers of the tractor’s presence, and to
ensure tractor stability when mowing with the boom fully extended.
OPERATION
Tractor Requirements and Capabilities
•
•
•
•
•
•
Certified Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS) or ROPS cab and seat belt.
Tractor Safety Devices ..................... Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem, lighting, PTO master shield
Tractor Horsepower-Minimum .......... 60 HP
3-Point Hitch-Lifting Capacity ........... 2140 lbs.
11-Category .................. CAT II or CAT III Quick Hitch
Front End Weight ............................ As needed to maintain 20% weight on front axle
Power Take Off ................................ 540 rpm-6 spline or 1000 rpm-21 spline shaft
2.1 ROPS and Seat Belt
The tractor must be equipped with a Roll-Over-Protective-Structure (ROPS) (tractor cab or roll-bar) and seat
belt to protect the operator from falling off the tractor, especially during a roll over where the driver could be
crushed and killed. Only operate the tractor with the ROPS in the raised position and seat belt fastened.
Tractor models not equipped with a ROPS and seat belt should have these life saving features installed by an
authorized dealer. OPS-U- 0003
Operate this Equipment only with a Tractor equipped with an approved rollover-protective system (ROPS). Always wear seat belts. Serious injury or
even death could result from falling off the tractor--particularly during a turnover
when the operator could be pinned under the ROPS. (SG-7)
2.2 Tractor Safety Devices
If transporting or operating the tractor and implement near a public roadway, the tractor must be equipped with
proper warning lighting and a Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem which are clearly visible from the rear of
the unit. Lights and a SMV emblem must be equipped directly on implements if the visibility of the tractor
warning signals are obscured.
Maintain all manufacturer equipped safety shields and guards. Always replace shields and guards that were
removed for access to connect, service, or repair the tractor or implement. Never operate the tractor PTO
with the PTO master shield missing or in the raised position. OPS-U- 0004
2.3 Tractor Horsepower
The power required to operate a mower is determined by the tractor PTO horsepower. For most mowing
conditions, the DB150 Boom Mower requires a tractor with at least 60 HP. Operating the mower with a tractor
that does not have adequate power may damage the tractor engine. Exceeding 60 HP may cause mower
damage by overpowering the unit in heavy cutting conditions.
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-4
OPERATION
2.4 3-Point Hitch
The tractor 3-point hitch must be rated to lift at least
2140 lbs.
Depending on the hitch category, certain size pins are used to attach the mower to the tractor. CAT II hitches
require 7/8” lower and 3/4” upper diameter hitch pins. CAT III hitches require 1-7/16” lower and 1-1/4” upper
diameter size pins.
CAT II Implement / Hitch Specification
CAT III Implement/ Hitch Specification
Width from outside to outside A-frame......... 32-3/8”
Quick Hitch width inside lug to lug .............. 33-5/8”
Height from bottom hitch pin to top pin .............. 19”
Lower pin diameter ...................................... 1-1/18”
Upper pin diameter ............................................. 1”
Lynch pin diameter........................................ 15/32”
Width from outside to outside A-frame............38”
Quick Hitch width inside lug to lug ........... 39-1/4”
Height from bottom hitch pin to top pin ...........22”
Lower pin diameter .................................. 1-7/16”
Upper pin diameter .................................... 1-1/4”
Lynch pin diameter ....................................15/32”
2.5 Front End Weight
A minimum of 20% total tractor weight must be maintained on the tractor front end at all times. Front end
weight is critical to maintain steering control and to prevent the tractor from rearing up while driving. If the
front end is too light, add weight until a minimum of 20% total weight is reached on the front tires. Front
weights and weight carriers can be purchased through an authorized tractor dealership. OPS-U- 0005
2.6 Power Take Off (PTO)
Depending on the unit, the mower is designed to operate at a PTO speed of 540 or 1000 RPM. Most tractors
operate at either 540, or a combination of 540 and 1000 RPM PTO speeds. The operating speed of the
mower and tractor can be determined by the number of splines on the driveline yoke and PTO output shaft.
Those operating at 540 RPM will have a 6-spline shaft and those operating at 1000 RPM will have a 21-spline
shaft or a 1-3/4” 20 spline shaft. Refer to the tractor owner’s manual for instructions to change PTO speeds on
models that operate at more than one speed.
If operating an older model tractor where the tractor’s transmission and PTO utilize one master clutch, an
over-running clutch must be used between the PTO output shaft and the driveline of the mower. An
authorized tractor dealer can provide the over-running clutch and its installation if needed. OPS-U- 0006
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-5
OPERATION
The DB150 boom mower is designed to be
mounted on a tractor with a CAT II or III 3-point
hitch. Refer to the tractor operator’s manual for the
category of the tractor being used. If the hitch does
not conform to ASABE CAT II or III dimensions, the
mower may not fit or raise properly. Consult an
au thor ize d de aler for p ossible mo dification
procedures to mount nonconforming hitches.
OPERATION
DO NOT use a PTO adapter to attach a non-matching Implement driveline to a Tractor
PTO. Use of an adapter can double the operating speed of the Implement resulting in
excessive vibration, thrown objects, and blade and implement failure. Adapter use will also
change the working length of the driveline exposing unshielded driveline areas. Serious
bodily injury and/or equipment failure can result from using a PTO adapter. Consult an
authorized dealer for assistance if the Implement driveline does not match the Tractor PTO.
(S3PT-14)
OPERATION
Never operate the Tractor and Mower if the Implement input driveline is directly connected
to the Tractor transmission. Tractor braking distances can be substantially increased by
the momentum of the rotating Mower blades driving the Tractor transmission even though
the Tractor clutch has been disengaged. Install an over running clutch between the Tractor
PTO and the Mower driveline to prevent this potentially dangerous situation. (S3PT-16)
Do not connect the PTO driveline to the tractor or operate the implement unless the
implement is securely connected to the tractor.
2.7 Tire Spacing
Tractor tires should be set a minimum of 60”(1.5
mm) apart measured from inside of tire to inside of
tire. Refer to the tractor Operator’s Manual or
consult an authorized dealer for instructions to
change tractor tire spacing. OPS-R- 0062
3.GETTING ON AND OFF THE TRACTOR
Before getting onto the tractor, the operator must read and completely understand the implement and tractor
operator manuals. If any part of either manual is not completely understood, consult an authorized dealer for
a complete explanation. OPS-U- 0007
Do not mount or dismount the Tractor while the tractor is moving. Mount
the Tractor only when the Tractor and all moving parts are completely
stopped. (SG-12)
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-6
OPERATION
3.1 Boarding the Tractor
Use both hands and equipped handrails and steps for support when boarding the tractor. Never use control
levers for support when mounting the tractor. Seat yourself in the operator’s seat and secure the seat belt
around you.
Never allow passengers to ride on the tractor or attached equipment. Riders can easily fall off and be
seriously injured or killed from falling off and being ran over. It is the operator’s responsibility to forbid all extra
riders at all times. OPS-U- 0008
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
Do not mount or dismount the Tractor while the tractor is moving. Mount
the Tractor only when the Tractor and all moving parts are completely
stopped. (SG-12)
3.2 Dismounting the Tractor
Before dismounting the tractor, idle the tractor engine down, disengage the head and retract the boom arm to
the transport position. Park the tractor on a level surface, place the transmission in neutral and set the
parking brake. Shut down the tractor engine, remove the key, and wait for all motion to come to a complete
stop before exiting the operator’s seat. NEVER leave the seat until the tractor, its engine, and mower head
movement have come to a complete stop.
Use hand rails and extra steps when exiting the tractor. Be careful of your step and use extra caution when
mud, ice, snow, and other matter has accumulated on the steps and handrails. Never rush or jump off the
tractor. OPS-B- 0002
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-7
OPERATION
Never allow children to operate, ride on, or come close to the Tractor or
Implement. Usually, 16-17 year-old children who are mature and
responsible can operate the implement with adult supervision, if they
have read and understand the Operator’s Manuals, been trained in
proper operation of the tractor and Implement, and are physically large
enough to reach and operate the controls easily. (SG-11)
OPERATION
4.STARTING THE TRACTOR
The operator must have a complete understanding of the placement, function, and operational use of all
tractor controls before starting the tractor. Review the tractor operator’s manual and consult an authorized
dealer for tractor operation instructions if needed.
OPERATION
Essential Tractor Controls:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Locate the ignition key/switch
Locate the engine shut off control
Locate the hydraulic control levers
Locate the light control lever
Locate the brake pedals and clutch
Locate the PTO control
Locate the 3 point hitch control lever
Locate the boom operating controls (joystick or valve bank)
Before starting the tractor ensure the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Conduct all pre-start operation inspection and service according to the tractor operator’s manual.
Make sure all guards, shields, and other safety devices are securely in place.
The parking brake is on.
The tractor transmission levers are in park or neutral.
The boom operating controls are in the neutral and off position.
The PTO control lever is disengaged.
The hydraulic remote control levers are in the neutral position.
Refer to the tractor owner’s manual for tractor starting procedures. Only start the tractor while seated and
belted in the tractor operator’s seat. Never bypass the ignition switch by short circuiting the starter solenoid.
After the tractor engine is running, avoid accidental contact with the tractor transmission to prevent sudden
and unexpected tractor movement. OPS-B- 0003
Never run the Tractor engine in a closed building or without adequate ventilation. The
exhaust fumes can be hazardous to your health. (SG-23)
Start tractor only when properly seated in the Tractor seat. Starting a
tractor in gear can result in injury or death. Read the Tractor operators
manual for proper starting instructions. (SG-13)
5.CONNECTING THE MOWER TO THE TRACTOR
Use extreme caution when connecting the mower to the tractor. The mower should be securely resting at
ground level or setting on blocks. Keep hands and feet from under the mower deck and clear of pinch points
between the tractor hitch arms and mower pins. OPS-R-0001
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-8
OPERATION
Never stand or allow another person to stand between a running Tractor and the Mower
when attaching the Implement to the Tractor. Always shut the Tractor completely off before
attempting to connect the Mower pins to the Tractor hitch.
Always shut the Tractor completely down, place the transmission in park, and set the
parking brake before you or anyone else attempts to connect or disconnect the Implement
and Tractor hitches. (S3PT-15)
1. Make sure the tractor is equipped with the
correct PTO shaft. Change shafts if needed.
2. Shorten or remove the tractor drawbar to avoid
interference when raising and lowering the
boom mower.
3. Board the tractor and start the engine. Position
the tractor to the boom mower with the 3-point
lift arms positioned between the respective set
of A-frame lift lugs. NOTE: Set the 3-point lift
control to “Position Control” so that the lift arms
maintain a constant height when attaching the
boom mower. See the tractor Operator’s
Manual for correct settings when attaching 3point equipment.
4. Turn off the tractor engine and dismount.
5. One lift arm at a time, align arm end hole
between the set of A-frame lift lugs. Insert hitch
pin through the lug and arm holes and insert
retaining pin into hitch pin.
6. Walk around to opposite side and repeat
procedure for remaining lift arm and hitch pin.
7. Extend or retract 3-point top link to align its end
hole with the holes of the mower’s top link.
Insert the top link hitch pin and insert retaining
pin into hitch pin.
8. Adjust any lower link check chains, guide
blocks, or sway blocks to prevent the mower
from swaying side to side and possible contact
with tractor rear tires.
6.SETTING THE MOWER
Properly setting the cutting height is essential for efficient and safe operation. A properly set mower will make
a more uniform cut, distribute clippings more evenly, require minimal tractor work, and follow the contour of
uneven terrain. NOTE: Avoid very low cutting heights, striking the ground with the blades gives the most
damaging shock loads and will cause damage to the mower and drive. Blades contacting the ground may
cause objects to be thrown out from under the mower deck. Always avoid operating the mower at a height
which causes the blades to contact the ground. OPS-U- 0010
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-9
OPERATION
5.1 Connecting the Boom Mower
OPERATION
6.1 Setting Boom Mower Height
1. Park the tractor and boom mower on level
ground.
2. Shut down the tractor and remove the key.
OPERATION
3. Level the boom mower from front to rear by
extending or retracting the 3-point top link.
4. Level the mower side to side by manipulating
one lower lift arm length. On most tractors, at
least one of the lift arms is designed to allow for
manipulation of its length. Shortening or
extending will allow for deck leveling from side
to side.
5. Securely block up the mower at this height.
NOTE: Install optional check chains when there is a
problem with the hydraulic 3-Point lift maintaining a
set height or when a constant pre-adjusted cut
height is required. See Check Chains in the
Assembly Section for this accessory.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-10
OPERATION
6.2 Setting Deck Pitch
Lower Horse Power - Better Fuel Efficiency
Increase Mulching
To increase mulching of the grass or crop material
during mower operation, the mower should be
operated with the deck approximately 3/4" HIGHER
IN THE FRONT THAN THE REAR.
Operating the mower at this pitch will allow the
mower to cut the grass twice and can result in a
more even cut and improved distribution of the cut
material.
IMPORTANT:
Adjust the leveling rods the same amount and
maintain equal tension in the rods. Improper
adjustment may cause rods to snap or bend.
Retighten the jamnuts after the deck pitch has been
set. OPS-U-0041
7.DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT
The driveline yoke and tractor PTO shaft must be
dirt free and greased for attachment.
To connect the mower driveline to the tractor PTO
output shaft, pull the driveline yoke collar back and
align the grooves and splines of the yoke with those
of the PTO shaft. Push the driveline yoke onto the
PTO shaft, release the locking collar, and position
the yoke until the locking collar balls are seated
onto the PTO shaft. Push and pull the driveline
back and forth several times to ensure a secure
attachment. OPS-R-0003_A
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-11
OPERATION
To increase fuel efficiency and lower horsepower
requirements for mower operation, the mower
should be operated with the deck approximately 3/
4" LOWER IN THE FRONT THAN THE REAR.
Operating the mower at this pitch will allow the
mower to cut the grass only once and requires less
work from the tractor.
OPERATION
When attaching the Implement input driveline to the Tractor PTO, it is important that the
connecting yoke spring activated locking collar slides freely and the locking balls are seated
securely in the groove on the Tractor PTO shaft. Push and pull the driveline back and forth
several times to ensure it is securely attached. A driveline not attached correctly to the
Tractor PTO shaft could come loose and result in personal injury and damage to the
Implement. (S3PT-17)
OPERATION
7.1 Driveline Length Check
Before operating the Implement, check to make sure the Implement input driveline will not
bottom out or become disengaged. Bottoming out occurs when the inner shaft penetrates
the outer housing until the assembly becomes solid-it can shorten no more. Bottoming out
can cause serious damage to the Tractor PTO by pushing the PTO into the Tractor and
through the support bearings or downward onto the PTO shaft, breaking it off. A broken
driveline can cause personal injury. (S3PT-18)
R a i s e m o w e r a n d w at c h t h e D ri v e l i ne as i t
approaches the colored tape. If the distance
between colored tape and the end of the outer
shield tube is 2" or less, Drive Tubes should be
shortened per figure Op-10.
Always maintain 2" clearance when operated in
shortest working position. Shorten inner and outer
guard tubes equally. Shorten inner and outer sliding
profiles by the same amount that the shield tubes
were shortened. Round off all sharp edges and
remove burrs. Grease sliding profiles. Figure Op11_A.
Lower mower to lowest position possible. Turn off
the Tractor and apply Parking Brake. Apply a
second piece of colored tape to the Inner Shield 1/
8” from the end of the Outer Shield. Disconnect
Driveline from Tractor and then separate the two
Driveline halves. Check the distance from the new
piece of colored tape to the end of the inner profile.
If distance is less than 8" consult dealer to obtain a
longer Driveline. Driveline Tube engagement must
always exceed 8".
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-12
OPERATION
8.PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION AND SERVICE
Before each use, a pre-operation inspection and service of the implement and tractor must be performed.
This includes routine maintenance and scheduled lubrication, inspecting that all safety devices are equipped
and functional, and performing needed repairs. DO NOT operate the unit if the pre-operation inspection
reveals any condition affecting safe operation. Perform repairs and replacement of damaged and missing
parts as soon as noticed. By performing a thorough pre-operation inspection and service, valuable down time
and repair cost can be avoided. OPS-U-0029
All Safety Shields, Guards and Safety devices including (but not
limited to) - the Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox
Shields, PTO integral shields, and Retractable Door Shields should
be used and maintained in good working condition. All safety
devices should be inspected carefully at least daily for missing or
broken components. Missing, broken, or worn items must be
replaced at once to reduce the possibility of injury or death from
thrown objects, entanglement, or blade contact. (SGM-3)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-13
OPERATION
Periodically inspect all moving parts for wear and replace when
necessary with authorized service parts. Look for loose fasteners, worn
or broken parts, and leaky or loose fittings. Make sure all pins have
cotter pins and washers. Serious injury may occur from not maintaining
this machine in good working order. (SG-21)
OPERATION
8.1 Tractor Pre-Operation Inspection/Service
OPERATION
Refer to the tractor operator’s manual to ensure a
complete pre-operation inspection and scheduled
service is performed according to the
manufacturers recommendations. The following
are some of the items that require daily service and
inspection:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tire condition/air pressure
Wheel lug bolts
Steering linkage
PTO shield
SMV sign is clean and visible
Tractor’s lights are clean and functional
Tractor Seat belt is in good condition
Tractor ROPS is in good condition
ROPS is in the raised position
No tractor oil leaks
Radiator free of debris
Engine oil level and condition
Engine coolant level and condition
Power brake fluid level
Power steering fluid level
Fuel condition and level
Sufficient lubrication at all lube points
Air filter condition OPS-U-0030
8.2 Boom Unit Pre-Operation Inspection and Service
Inspect and service the boom arm and head prior to operation. Damaged and/or broken parts should be
repaired and/or replaced immediately. To ensure the unit is ready for operation, conduct the following:
OPS-B- 0020
Periodically inspect all moving parts for wear and replace when
necessary with authorized service parts. Look for loose fasteners, worn
or broken parts, and leaky or loose fittings. Make sure all pins have
cotter pins and washers. Serious injury may occur from not maintaining
this machine in good working order. (SG-21)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-14
OPERATION
The operator’s manual and safety signs affixed on
the unit contain important instructions on the safe
and proper use of the equipment. Maintain these
important safety features on the implement in good
condition to ensure the information is available to
the operator at all times.
•
•
•
•
•
Check that the main driveline is securely
attached to the tractor and the locking collar is
seated in the grooveof the PTO shaft.
Inspect that the 3-point hitch pins are the
proper size, correctly installed, and secured to
the tractor lift arms with retaining pins inserted.
Ensure that a properly rated safety tow chain is
equipped securing the mower to the tractor.
OPS-R-0008_B
Ensure deflectors and/or chainguards are in
position and not damaged. Replace worn,
broken, and missing pieces. OPS-R-0038C_C
Relieve hydraulic pressure prior to doing any maintenance or repair work on the Implement.
Place the Mower Head on the ground or securely supported on blocks or stands, disengage
the PTO, and turn off the engine. Push and pull the control Levers or Joystick several times
to relieve pressure prior to starting any maintenance or repair work. (SBM-6)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-15
OPERATION
•
Ensure the manual canister is secured to the
equipment with the operator’s manual inside.
Ensure all safety signs are in place and legible.
Replace missing, damaged, and illegible
decals. OPS-U- 0011
OPERATION
Never Leave the mower unattended while the head is in the raised
position. The mower could fall causing serious injury to anyone who
might inadvertently be under the mower. (SBM-4)
BOOM ARM ASSEMBLY
OPERATION
•
•
•
•
Inspect condition of arm section weldment
Ensure all pins are in place.
Ensure all bolts and screws are properly
installed.
Ensure each hydraulic cylinder is installed and
retained correctly. Ensure the proper size pins
are used to retain the cylinders in place and are
secured properly. OPS-B- 0022_C
Never attempt to lubricate, adjust, or remove material from the Implement while it is in
motion or while tractor engine is running. (SG-20)
HYDRAULIC LINE INSPECTION
•
•
•
•
Check for hydraulic leaks along hoses,
cylinders and fittings. IMPORTANT: DO NOT
use your hands to check for oil leaks. Use a
piece of heavy paper or cardboard to check for
hydraulic oil leaks.
Inspect the condition of the valve weldment.
Ensure fitting is properly connected
Inspect condition of hydraulic motor.
OPS-B- 0023_C
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-16
OPERATION
HYDRAULIC PUMP/OIL RESERVOIR
•
•
•
•
•
Check oil reservoir level and oil condition. (Add
specific type oil if low)
Change hydraulic oil filter and hydraulic oil
according to maintenance schedule.
Ensure there are no oil leaks and fitting are
properly connected
Inspect overall condition of hydraulic pump.
Inspect pump drive shaft.
Check the fluid level in the Hydraulic Tank on the Tractor, and add oil if required. As the air has been forced out
of the Cylinders and Hoses, it goes into the Hydraulic Tank and reduces the volume of oil. Maintain the oil level
within the sight gauge located on the side of the resevoir. Never fill the tank above the sight gauge to allow for
the expansion of the oil. The tank maintains pressure after the mower has been run. Stand off to one side
when removing the breather cap element to prevent possible injury. To relieve pressure remove the breather
cap element and depress the spring loaded pressure valve to release any excess air. OPS-B- 0024_D
Attention: Oil Filler Cap is also the Pressure Relief Cap.
Remove cap slowly to relieve pressure before removing cap completely. Stay clear to prevent being scalded with hot oil that may spray out of the tank that is still pressurized and may
cause serious injury to eyes, face, and exposed skin. (Ops-0001-MISC)
Avoid contact with hot surfaces including hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and
hose connections. Relieve hydraulic pressure before performing maintenance or repairs.
Use gloves and eye protection when servicing hot components. Contact with a hot surface
or fluid can cause serious injury from burns or scalding. (SG-34)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-17
OPERATION
Do not operate this Equipment with hydraulic oil or fuel leaking. Oil
and fuel are explosive and their presence could present a hazard. Do
not check for leaks with your hand! High-pressure oil streams from
breaks in the line could penetrate the skin and cause tissue damage
including gangrene. To check for a hose leak, SHUT the unit ENGINE
OFF and remove all hydraulic pressure. Wear oil impenetrable gloves,
safety glasses and use Cardboard to check for evidence of oil leaks. If
you suspect a leak, REMOVE the HOSE and have it tested at a Dealer.
If oil does penetrate the skin, have the injury treated immediately by a
physician knowledgeable and skilled in this procedure. (SG-15)
OPERATION
•
OPERATION
•
Inspect blades and blade bolts for looseness
and excessive wear. Make sure the mower is
securely blocked up before crawling beneath.
Replace damaged, worn and missing blades as
complete sets to maintain rotary balance during
operation.
Ensure blade pan nut is tightened with the
cotter pin inserted and spread. OPS-R-0041
8.3 Cutting Component Inspection
Inspect blade pan and blade assembly for the following:
OPS-U-0031
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-18
OPERATION
8.4 Cutting Component Inspection-Blade Bar
Inspect blade bar assembly for the following:
OPERATION
OPS-B-0062_A
Inspect the Blades daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE BOTH BLADES on that carrier
IMMEDIATELY if either blade has:
•
•
•
•
•
Become bent or deformed from it’s original shape or
Any cracks are visible, or
Deep gouges in the blade’s surface are present, or
Gouges or chipped areas in the cutting edge are larger than 1/2”(12.7mm), or
The material on the leading edge has been worn away by more than 1/2(12.7mm)”
Failure to replace abnormally worn blades may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and ejection of the
broken part with tremendous force which may cause serious bodily injury or death. OPS-U-0032
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-19
OPERATION
8.5 Blade Bolt Inspection
OPERATION
Inspect Blade Bolt Head daily for wear as followed:
Inspect the Blade Bolt Heads daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE BOTH BLADE BOLTS on
the Blades IMMEDIATELY if either blade bolts has:
• Visible cracks or
• If the recessed area on blade bolt is worn off or
• If Blade Bolt has gouges or chipped areas.
Failure to replace abnormally worn blade bolts may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and ejection of
the broken part which may cause serious bodily injury or death.
Always replace Blade Bolts with new bolts whenever replacing the Blades. OPS-U-0037
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-20
OPERATION
Tractor PRE-OPERATION Inspection
Tractor ID#________________
Make ____________________
Date:
Shift
________________
____________________
Condition at
Start of Shift
Item
Specific Comments if
not O.K.
The flashing lights function properly
The SMV Sign is clean and visible
The tires are in good condition with proper pressure
The wheel lug bolts are tight
The tractor brakes are in good condition
The steering linkage is in good condition
There are no visible oil leaks
The hydraulic controls function properly
The ROPS or ROBS Cab is in good condition
The seatbelt is in place and in good condition
The 3-point hitch is in good condition
The drawbar pins are securely in place
The PTO master shield is in place
The engine oil level is full
The brake fluid level is full
The power steering fluid level is full
The fuel level is adequate
The engine coolant fluid level is full
The radiator is free of debris
The air filter is in good condition
Operator’s Signature:
DO NOT OPERATE an UNSAFE TRACTOR or MOWER
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-21
OPERATION
Before conducting the inspection, make sure the tractor engine is off, all
rotation has stopped and the tractor is in park with the parking brake
engaged. Make sure the mower is resting on the ground or securely blocked
up and all hydraulic pressure has been relieved.
OPERATION
OPERATION
Boom Mower PRE-OPERATION Inspection
Mower ID#________________
Make ____________________
Date:
Shift
________________
____________________
Before conducting the inspection, make sure the tractor engine is off, all
rotation has stopped and the tractor is in park with the parking brake
engaged. Make sure the mower is resting on the ground or securely blocked
up and all hydraulic pressure has been relieved.
Condition at
Start of Shift
Item
Specific Comments if
not O.K.
The Operator’s Manual is in the canister on the mower
All safety decals are in place and legible
The Mounting frame bolts are in place and tight
The Boom connection bolts & pins are tight
There are no cracks in boom
The Hydraulic Cylinders pins are tight
The Hydraulic Pump hose connections are tight
The Hydraulic Valve hose connections are tight
The Hydraulic Valve controls function properly
There are no leaking or damaged hoses
The Hydraulic Oil level is full
There is no evidence of Hydraulic leaks
The Blades are not chipped, cracked or bent
The Blade bolts are tight
The Deflectors are in place and in good condition
The Mower shields are in place and in good condition
The Skid shoes are in good condition & tight
There are no cracks or holes in mower deck
The Hyd. motor mounting bolts are tight
The mower head spindle housing is tight and lubricated
Operator’s Signature:
DO NOT OPERATE an UNSAFE TRACTOR or MOWER
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-22
OPERATION
9.DRIVING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
Safe tractor transport requires the operator to possess a thorough knowledge of the model being operated
and precautions to take while driving with an attached implement. Ensure the tractor has the capacity to
handle the weight of the boom and the tractor operating controls are set for safe transport. To ensure safety
while driving the tractor with a boom, review the following.
Power for operating the mower is supplied from the tractor PTO. Refer to your tractor manual instructions for
engaging and disengaging the PTO. Start the tractor and bring the engine speed up to normal operating 540
PTO speed. Always engage the PTO at low engine RPM and run the mower for a short period until all air is
removed from the hoses. Keep all person's well clear of mower since blades can throw objects with great
velocity for a considerable distance! KEEP CLEAR! OPS-B- 0005
Never operate the Tractor or Implement until you have read and
completely understand this Manual, the Tractor Operator’s Manual, and
each of the Safety Messages found in the Manual or on the Tractor and
Implement. Learn how to stop the tractor engine suddenly in an
emergency. Never allow inexperienced or untrained personnel to
operate the Tractor or Implement without supervision. Make sure the
operator has fully read and understood the manuals prior to operation.
(SG-4)
Always maintain the safety signs in good readable condition. If the safety signs are missing,
damaged, or unreadable, obtain and install replacement safety signs immediately. (SG-5)
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-23
OPERATION
Read all safety instructions. Decals on the Boom warn you of particular and multiple hazards. Some decals
are attached close to part of the Boom where there is a possible hazard. Read and make sure you
understand the safety messages before you operate the implement. Keep all decals clean and readable.
Replace lost or damaged decals, refer to safety section for more information.
OPERATION
Transport only at speeds where you can maintain control of the
equipment. Serious accidents and injuries can result from operating this
equipment at high speeds. Understand the Tractor and Implement and
how it handles before transporting on streets and highways. Make sure the Tractor steering
and brakes are in good condition and operate properly.
OPERATION
Before transporting the Tractor and Implement, determine the proper transport speeds for
you and the equipment. Make sure you abide by the following rules:
Test the tractor at a slow speed and increase the speed slowly. Apply the Brakes smoothly
to determine the stopping characteristics of the Tractor and Implement. As you increase
the speed of the Tractor the stopping distance increases. Determine the maximum
transport speed not to exceed 20 mph (30 kph) for transporting this equipment.
Test the equipment at a slow speed in turns. Increase the speed through the turn only after
you determine that the equipment can be operated at a higher speed. Use extreme care
and reduce your speed when turning sharply to prevent the tractor and implement from
turning over. Determine the maximum turning speed for you and this equipment before
operating on roads or uneven ground.
Only transport the Tractor and Implement at the speeds which allow you to properly control
the equipment.
Be aware of the operating conditions. Do not operate the Tractor with weak or faulty brakes
or worn tires. When operating down a hill or on wet or rain slick roads, the braking distance
increases: use extreme care and reduce your speed. When operating in traffic always use
the Tractor’s flashing warning lights and reduce your speed. Be aware of traffic around you
and watch out for the other guy. (SG-19)
9.1 Starting the Tractor
The procedure to start the tractor is model specific.
Refer to the tractor operator’s manual for starting
procedures for your particular tractor. Consult an
authorized dealer if the starting procedure is
unclear. Ensure the 3-point control lever is in the
lowered position and the PTO is disengaged before
starting the tractor. OPS-U-0033
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-24
OPERATION
9.2 Brake and Differential Lock Setting
Make sure the tractor brakes are in good operating
condition. Tractor brakes can be set to operate
independently allowing single rear wheel braking
action or locked together to provide simultaneous
rear wheel braking. FOR MOST DRIVING AND
OPERATING CONDITIONS, THE BRAKE PEDALS
SHOULD BE LOCKED TOGETHER TO PROVIDE
THE MOST EFFECTIVE BRAKING ACTION.
Be aware of the operating conditions. Do not operate the Tractor with weak or faulty brakes.
When operating down a hill or on wet or rain slick roads, the braking distance increases; use
extreme care and reduce your speed in these conditions. When operating in traffic, always
use the Tractor’s flashing warning lights and reduce your speed. Be aware of traffic around
you and watch out for the other guy.
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-25
OPERATION
Always disengage the tractor differential lock when
turning. When engaged the differential lock will
prevent or limit the tractor from turning. During
normal cutting conditions, locking the differential
provides no benefit and should not be used. OPSU- 0013
OPERATION
9.3 Driveline Angle Problems
OPERATION
Due to the shape or contour of the area being mowed, it may be necessary to raise tractor 3 pt. causing severe
angle in the main drive line. When this is encountered, adjust length of 3 pt. arms so as to tilt main frame
raising the head pivot point. (FIG. Op-203)
Do not adjust 3 pt. links so as to cause a ground clearance problem on the reservoir end. (FIG. Op-204)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-26
OPERATION
9.4 Driving the Tractor and Boom
Start off driving at a slow speed and gradually increase your speed while maintaining complete control of the
tractor. Never operate the tractor at speeds that cannot be safely handled or which will prevent the operator
from stopping quickly during an emergency. If the power steering or engine ceases operating, stop the tractor
immediately as the tractor will be difficult to control.
To avoid overturns, drive the tractor with care and
at safe speeds, especially when operating over
rough ground, crossing ditches or slopes, and
turning corners. Use extreme caution when
operating on steep slopes. Keep the tractor in a low
gear when going downhill. DO NOT coast or freewheel downhill.
OPS-B- 0006_C
Never Leave the mower unattended while the head is in the raised
position. The mower could fall causing serious injury to anyone who
might inadvertently be under the mower. (SBM-4)
Always keep a careful lookout and use extreme care when working
around overhead obstructions. Never allow the Mower head or boom
within 10 feet of any power line. When working close to overhead
power lines consult your electric company for a safe code of operation.
(SBM-7)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-27
OPERATION
Perform turns with the tractor and mower at slow
speeds to determine how the tractor with and
attached implement handles a turn. Determine the
safe speed to maintain proper control of the tractor
when making turns. When turning with the
implement the overall working length and width of
the unit is increased. Allow additional clearance for
the unit when turning or when passing large
obstructions.
OPERATION
10.OPERATING THE BOOM UNIT AND ATTACHED HEAD
OPERATION
THE OPERATOR MUST COMPLETELY UNDERSTAND HOW TO OPERATE THE TRACTOR AND
MOWER AND ALL CONTROLS BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO MOW. The operator must read and understand
the Safety and Operation Sections of this manual and the tractor operator’s manuals. These manuals must
be read and explained to any operator who cannot read. Never allow someone to operate the unit without
complete operating instructions.
To ensure safety to the operator, bystanders, and equipment and before starting any mowing operation. The
operator must become familiar with the area to be mowed, and any obstacles and hazards contained within.
Special attention should be paid to foreign debris, overhead obstructions, rough terrain, steep
slopes,passersby and animals in the area.
Only operate the mower head from the tractor operator’s seat with the seatbelt securely fastened. Only
operate a boom and equipped head on cabbed tractor that is equipped with a polycarbonate safety-protected
right side window or a non cabbed tractor equipped with a ROPS and operator safety screen.
Avoid operating in the reverse direction when possible. In situations where the boom and mower must be
backed to access areas to be cut, make sure there are no persons or other foreign debris behind the tractor.
When backing, operate the tractor at a much reduced ground speed to ensure complete control of the unit is
maintained. OPS-B- 0007
10.1 Operating Instructions
Engage the PTO shaft at low engine RPM and speed the engine up after blades are fully engaged. Never
engage the PTO shaft at a high engine RPM. This could cause damage to the PTO shaft as well as the Speed
Increaser and Pump. Always operate PTO at the recommended RPM when mowing. This is necessary to
maintain proper blade speed and to produce a clean cut.
Proper ground speed for cutting will depend upon the height, type, and density of material to be cut. Normally,
ground speed will range from 2 to 5 mph. Tall dense material should be cut at low speed while thin medium
height material can be cut at a faster ground speed.
Always run the Mower at the highest position which will enable you to obtain the desired cutting results.
Allowing the blades to cut into the ground will cause wear and undue strain on the mower frame and mower
components.
If you are mowing in conditions of heavy growth or rough ground where the blades cut into the ground and the
tractor engine slows down, do not slip the clutch to allow the engine to speed up and engage the clutch again.
This procedure exerts tremendous strain on Mower components. Always disengage the PTO and move
forward or backwards until the machine is clear.
This mower is designed with free swinging blades. This feature reduces the amount of shock transmitted to
other components. Always make sure the blades can swing freely on the blade bar.
When cutting foliage and fine shredding is desired, run the mower level or slightly lower in the rear so as to
keep the material in the mower until it is shredded. This will require more power but will shred better. When
cutting heavy foliage and fine shredding is not desired, raise the rear of the mower. This will allow the high
volume of material to be discharged and requires much less power.
Do not ride the clutch on the tractor. Mow in the appropriate gears to give the correct ground speed.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-28
OPERATION
Extremely tall grass should be cut twice. Raise mower and cut twice the desired height. Cut the second time at
desired height at 90 degrees to first pass.
Remember, sharp blades produce cleaner cuts and use less power.
Before cutting, analyze the area to determine the best cutting procedure. Consider the height and type of
material and the terrain type: hilly, level or rough.
Do not mow with two machines in the same area except with Cab tractors with the windows
closed. (SGM-11)
Avoid mowing in reverse direction when possible. Check to make sure there are no
persons behind the mower and use extreme care when maneuvering in reverse. Mow only
at a slow ground speed where you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower.
Never mow an area that you have not inspected and removed debris or foreign material.
(SGM-08)
Never operate the mower head tilted down where the operator can see the blades of the
mower. The blade could throw an object toward the operator causing serious injury or
death. Never operate the mower without an Operator Protective Structure. Always wear
safety glasses and a hard hat. (Ops-0005-MISC)
10.2 Operating the Control Valve
The optional 2-spool Control Valve should be located to the right of the operator at a convenient height.
EXTEND CYLINDER
The first handle on the control valve actuates the Extend Cylinder. This valve has three positions and operates
in three ways.
Push the valve handle forward and you admit hydraulic fluid to the Dead End of the Extend Cylinder, causing
the Mainframe Boom to extend outward.
If the handle is released, the valve will automatically return to center, and the Boom will be Locked in place.
Pull the valve handle back towards you and admit hydraulic fluid to the Rod end of the cylinder causing the
boom to return toward the tractor.
Again, if the valve handle is released, the valve will automatically return to center and the boom will be Locked
in place.
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-29
OPERATION
Mow only in conditions where you have clear visibility in daylight or with adequate artificial
lighting. Never mow in darkness or foggy conditions where you cannot clearly see at least
300 feet (90 m) in front and to the sides of the tractor and mower. Make sure that you can
clearly see and identify passersby, steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions,
power lines, debris and foreign objects. If you are unable to clearly see these type of items
discontinue mowing. (SGM-1)
OPERATION
TILT CYLINDER
The second handle on the control valve actuates the Tilt Cylinder. This valve has three positions and operates
in three ways.
Push the valve handle forward and you relieve pressure on the Rod End of the Tilt Cylinder, causing the Mower
Head to tilt downward.
OPERATION
If the handle is released, the valve will automatically return to center, and the Mower Head will be Locked in
place.
Pull the valve handle back towards you and admit hydraulic fluid to the Rod end of the cylinder causing the
Mower Head to tilt upward.
Again, if the valve handle is released, the valve will automatically return to center and the Mower Head will be
Locked in place.
10.3 Foreign Debris Hazards/Overhead Obstructions
An area to be cut must first be inspected for objects that could be thrown or that could damage the machine.
Walk through the area looking for fences, boulders, rocks, culverts, stumps or metal objects. Mark the
inspected area with flags. If the area is dense and cannot be walked thoroughly it may be necessary to inspect
a smaller area as well as possible, then trim away the part that has been inspected and can safely be
removed. Walk each new area again and repeat the inspection before cutting more away. Repeat as often as
necessary until the area is cleared. It can be damaging and/or dangerous to work the cutter in an area that has
not been visually inspected.
Place DANGER signs at least 300 feet beyond the perimeter of the area to be worked, not just 300 feet from
where the machine started operating! It is convenient in many cases to work in 300 foot sections. Move the
first Danger sign to the beginning of the freshly cleared area, place it, then take the first cutting area flag up to
the end of the freshly cleared area 300 feet away. Walk and inspect the next 300 feet and place the second
cutting area flag. Pick up the second DANGER sign, and take it a further 300 feet along the road or trail. Note
that in many cases the DANGER area will extend in front of and behind the machine as well as along each
side. Post signs accordingly. OPS-B- 0008
Extreme care should be taken when operating near loose objects such
as gravel, rocks, wire, and other debris. Inspect the area before
mowing. Foreign objects should be removed from the site to prevent
machine damage and/or bodily injury or even death. Any objects that
cannot be removed must be clearly marked and carefully avoided by the
operator. Stop mowing immediately if blades strike a foreign object.
Repair all damage and make certain rotor or blade carrier is balanced
before resuming mowing. (SGM-05)
Many varied objects, such as wire, cable, rope, or chains, can become entangled in the
operating parts of the mower head. These items could then swing outside the housing at
greater velocities than the blades. Such a situation is extremely hazardous and could result
in serious injury or even death. Inspect the cutting area for such objects before mowing.
Remove any like object from the site. Never allow the cutting blades to contact such items.
(SGM-06)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-30
OPERATION
Mow at the speed that you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower. The
correct mowing speed depends on terrain condition and grass type, density, and height of
cut. Normal ground speed range is from 2 to 5 mph(3-8 kph). Use slow mowing speeds
when operating on or near steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power
lines, or when debris and foreign objects are to be avoided. (SGM-07)
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY ARE WITHIN 100 YARDS UNLESS:
Front and Rear Deflectors are installed and in good, working condition;
Mower Head is running close to and parallel to the ground without exposed Blades;
Passersby are outside the existing thrown-object zone;
All areas have been thoroughly inspected and all foreign material such as rocks, cans,
glass, and general debris has been removed.
NOTE: Where there are grass and weeds high enough to hide debris that could be struck
by the blades, the area should be: inspected and large debris removed, mowed at an
intermediate height, inspected closely with any remaining debris being removed, and
mowed again at desired final height. (SBM-1)
10.4 Operating Speed and Ground Speed
Ground speed for mowing will depend upon the height, type, and density of vegetation to be cut. Do Not
exceed 2 MPH while operating. Operate the mower at its full rated PTO speed to maintain blade speed for a
clean cut. Refer to the tractor operator’s manual or the tractor instrument panel for the engine speed and gear
to provide the required operating and desired ground speed. Make sure that the mower is operating at its full
rated speed before entering the vegetation to be cut. Always start and stop cutting blades with engine near
idle.
Ground speed is achieved by transmission gear selection and not by the engine operating speed. The
operator may be required to experiment with several gear range combinations to determine the best gear and
range which provides the most ideal performance from the implement and most efficient tractor operation. As
the severity of cutting conditions increase, the ground speed should be decreased by selecting a lower gear to
maintain the proper operating PTO speed. OPS-B- 0009
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-31
OPERATION
Rotary Mowers are capable under adverse conditions of throwing objects for great
distances 300 feet or more) and causing serious injury or death. Follow safety messages
carefully.
OPERATION
Mow at the speed that you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower. The
correct mowing speed depends on terrain condition and grass type, density, and height of
cut. Normal ground speed range is from 2 to 5 mph(3-8 kph). Use slow mowing speeds
when operating on or near steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power
lines, or when debris and foreign objects are to be avoided. (SGM-07)
OPERATION
There are obvious and hidden potential hazards in the operation of this
Mower. REMEMBER! This machine is often operated in heavy brush
and in heavy weeds. The Blades of this Mower can throw objects if
shields are not properly installed and maintained. Serious injury or even
death may occur unless care is taken to insure the safety of the operator,
bystanders, or passersby in the area. Do not operate this machine with
anyone in the immediate area. Stop mowing if anyone is within 300 feet
of mower. (SGM-02)
The rotating parts of this machine have been designed and tested for rugged use.
However, the blades could fail upon impact with heavy, solid objects such as metal guard
rails and concrete structures. Such impact could cause the broken objects to be thrown
outward at very high velocities. To reduce the possibility of property damage, serious
injury, or even death, never allow the cutting blades to contact such obstacles. (SGM-4)
All Safety Shields, Guards and Safety devices including (but not
limited to) - the Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox
Shields, PTO integral shields, and Retractable Door Shields should
be used and maintained in good working condition. All safety
devices should be inspected carefully at least daily for missing or
broken components. Missing, broken, or worn items must be
replaced at once to reduce the possibility of injury or death from
thrown objects, entanglement, or blade contact. (SGM-3)
Many varied objects, such as wire, cable, rope, or chains, can become entangled in the
operating parts of the mower head. These items could then swing outside the housing at
greater velocities than the blades. Such a situation is extremely hazardous and could result
in serious injury or even death. Inspect the cutting area for such objects before mowing.
Remove any like object from the site. Never allow the cutting blades to contact such items.
(SGM-06)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-32
OPERATION
10.5 Shutting Down the Implement
To shut down attached mower head, first bring the
tractor to a complete stop. Decrease engine RPM
to idle then disengage cutterhead. The mower head
will come to a complete stop within a suitable
amount of time. Do not engage or disengage the
cutterheads at a high RPM unless there is an
emergency situation.
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
11.DISCONNECTING THE MOWER FROM THE TRACTOR
Lower the Mower to the Ground. Park the Tractor with the transmission in the correct gear (Automatic
Transmission--Park; Standard Transmission--Neutral). Set the parking brake, shut off the engine, and remove
the key. Wait until the PTO stops rotating before getting down from the tractor.
Disconnect the Speed increaser and pump from the tractor PTO. Disconnect the Top Link and the Lower Lift
Links from the Mower. Disconnect all Hoses from tractor.
Always reinstall the Master Shield over the tractor PTO Shaft. This Shield should always remain in place
except when PTO Shaft is in use.
Keep hands and feet out from under Mower.
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-33
OPERATION
Park the tractor on a level surface, place the
transmission in park or neutral and apply the
parking brake, lower the attached implement to the
ground, shut down the engine, remove the key, and
wait for all motion to come to a complete stop
before exiting the tractor. OPS-U- 0016
OPERATION
Never allow children to play on or around Tractor or Implement. Children can slip or fall off
the Equipment and be injured or killed. Inadvertent contact with controls can cause the
Implement to shift or fall crushing themselves or others. (SG-25)
OPERATION
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
Perform service, repairs and lubrication according to the maintenance section. Ensure the
unit is properly lubricated as specified in the lubrication schedule and all bolts and nuts are
properly torqued. Failure to properly service, repair and maintain this Implement in good
operating condition could cause component failure and possible serious injury or even
death. (SG-35)
12.TRANSPORTING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
Inherent hazards of operating the tractor and implement and the possibility of accidents are not left behind
when you finish working in an area. Therefore, the operator must employ good judgement and safe operation
practices when transporting the tractor and implement between locations. By using good judgement and
following safe transport procedures, the possibility of accidents while moving between locations can be
substantially minimized. OPS-U- 0017
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
Before transporting the tractor on a public roadway
or boarding a trailer for transport, the tractor brake
pedals should be locked together. Locking the
pedals ensures that both wheels brake
simultaneously while stopping, especially when
making an emergency stop.
Use extreme caution and avoid hard applications of
the tractor brakes when towing heavy loads at road
speeds. Never tow the implement at speeds
greater than 20 MPH (32 kph). OPS-U- 0018
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-34
OPERATION
12.1 Transporting on Public Roadways
Extreme caution should be used when transporting the tractor and mower on public roadways. The tractor
must be equipped with all required safety warning features including a SMV emblem and flashing warning
lights to alert drivers of the tractor’s presence. Remember that roadways are primarily designed for automotive
drivers and most drivers will not be looking out for you, therefore, you must look out for them. Check your side
view mirrors frequently and remember that vehicles will approach quickly because of the tractor’s slower
speed. Be extremely cautious when the piece of equipment that you are driving, is wider than the tractor tire
width and/or extends beyond your lane of the road. OPS-B- 0014
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
Make certain that the “Slow Moving Vehicle” (SMV) sign is installed in
such a way as to be clearly visible and legible. When transporting the
Equipment use the Tractor flashing warning lights and follow all local
traffic regulations. (SG-6)
Make sure that all tractor flashing warning lights,
headlights, and brake/taillights are functioning
properly before proceeding onto public roads.
While newer model tractors have plenty of lighting
to provide warning signals and operating lighting,
most older models where only equipped with
operating lights. Consult an authorized tractor
dealer for lighting kits and modifications available
to upgrade the lighting on older tractor models.
OPS-B- 0015_A
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-35
OPERATION
The SMV (Slow-Moving Vehicle) emblem is
universal symbol used to alert drivers of the
presence of equipment traveling on roadways at a
slow speed. SMV signs are a triangular bright
orange with reflective red trim for both easy day
and night visibility. Make sure the SMV sign is
clean and visible from the rear of the unit before
transporting the tractor and implement on a public
roadway. Replace the SMV emblem if faded,
damaged, or no longer reflective. OPS-U- 0020
OPERATION
OPERATION
When operating on public roads, have
consideration for other road users. Pull to the side
of the road occasionally to allow all following traffic
to pass. Do not exceed the legal speed limit set in
your country for agricultural tractors. Always stay
alert when transporting the tractor and mower on
public roads. Especially in busy cities, the boom
extends to right farther then the tractors width, so
be careful there are no bystanders, poles,large
obstructions or any vehicles that may be in path of
the mower head on boom. Use caution and reduce
speed if other vehicles or pedestrians are in the
area. OPS-B- 0016_A
When transporting Boom Mower on a truck or trailer, the height or width
may exceed legal limits when the boom is in the transport position.
Contact with side or overhead structures or power lines can cause
property damage or serious injury or death. If necessary lower boom to
reduce height and/or remove mowing head to reduce width to the legal
limits. (SBM-8)
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
Make certain that the “Slow Moving Vehicle” (SMV) sign is installed in
such a way as to be clearly visible and legible. When transporting the
Equipment use the Tractor flashing warning lights and follow all local
traffic regulations. (SG-6)
Reduce speed before turning or applying the brakes.
Ensure that both brake pedals are locked together
when operating on public roads. OPS-U- 0023
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-36
OPERATION
12.2 Hauling the Tractor and Implement
Before transporting a loaded tractor and implement,
measure the height and width dimensions and
gross weight of the complete loaded unit. Ensure
that the load will be in compliance with the legal
limits set for the areas that will be traveled through.
OPS-U- 0024_TK
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-37
OPERATION
Use adequately sized and rated trailers and
equipment to transport the tractor and implement.
Consult an authorized dealer to determine the proper
equipment required. Using adequately sized chains,
heavy duty straps, cables and/or binders, securely tie
down both the front and rear of the tractor utilizing the
proper tie down locations as specified by the tractor
manufacturer. OPS-U- 0025
OPERATION
OPERATION
Arrange the chains so that when tightened, the
chains are pulling downward and against
themselves. Carefully tighten the securing chains
or other fasteners using boomers or binders to
apply maximum tension. Use extreme care when
attaching and removing the securing devices as
the extreme tension involved when released has
the potential to inflict serious injury.
While hauling the tractor and implement, make
occasional stops to check that the tractor and
implement have not moved or shifted and that the
securing chains have maintained tension. If during
transport a hard braking, sharp turning, or
swerving action was performed, stop at the next
safe location to inspect the security of the load.
NOTE: Always transport per you state law regulations for tie down requirements. OPS-U- 0026_TK
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-38
OPERATION
13.TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Problem
Boom Breaks Back
Too Easily
Boom Moves on Its
Own (Under Power w/
no function actuated)
Electronic Joystick
Models
Boom Moves on Its
Own (Under Power w/
no function actuated)
Mechanical Joysticks
with Cables
Test to Confirm, Rebuild or replace as needed
Operator Error, Operator Training
Operator Error, Operator Training
Fill oil and bleed system of air
Failed One way Flow
Restrictor in valve
Defective or damaged
Controller
Incorrect Hose Size to
Cylinder(s)
Defective or Damaged
Joystick Controller
(Gravity Aided Functions Only) Confirm and
replace
Repair or Replace as needed
Improper adjustment of
Joystick potentiometer gear
timing
Solenoid Valves stuck due
to contamination
Failed O-ring on Solenoid
Valves
Adjust to locate proper neutral setting per the
Service Manual
C.A.N. System Improperly
Adjusted
Valve Main Spool Bent or
Stuck
Improper Wiring
Defective or Damaged
Control Module(s)
Defective or Damaged
Joystick
Overheated due to contact
with hydraulic components
Connection at valve
damaged or failed
Main Spool in Valve Stuck or
bent
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Test to confirm, Adjust or Replace as needed
Low Oil Level on Boom
Function System
Cables Sticking
Bent too sharply
DB150 07/11
Remedy
Replace with proper OEM part
Repair or Replace as required.
Repair or replace as required. Flush and fill
Hydraulic System
Replace the O-ring with proper replacement
parts
Consult a Factory Trained Service Technician
to facilitate the proper adjustment of the system
Replace the Valve Section
Confirm and Repair
Replace the module(s)
Repair or replace as required
Install new cable and route to provide adequate
bend radius
Replace Cables and insulate from Hydraulic
Components
Repair or replace as required
Repair or replace as required
Operation Section 4-39
OPERATION
Boom Drops When
Two Functions
Actuated
Possible Cause
Work Port Relief Malfunction
or Failure
Swing Cylinder Failure
Cutting head "Plowing" in
Ground
Operator Travelling Too Fast
OPERATION
Problem
OPERATION
Cylinder Excessive
Drift
Possible Cause
May be normal Operation
Cylinder Piston Seals
Bypass
Damaged or Defective
Work Port Relief Valves
Main Valve Spool Leakage
Oil Contamination
Cylinder Leaks at
Fittings
Cylinder Leaks at Rod
Cylinder Moves Wrong
Way (Not the function
that was actuated)
Related to Issues
described in Previous
section: Boom moves
under its own power
Loose Fittings
Wrong Fittings Installed
Damaged or defective
fitting (cracked)
Fitting Port cracked
Faulty Seals on Cylinder
Gland
Damaged Cylinder Rods
Cylinder Rods Bent
Remedy
Check Allowable Drift rates in Service Manual
Test to confirm and repair or replace
Check Relief Pressures. Repair or replace as
required
Confirm with tests, Repair or replace as
required
May be root cause of any internal Leakage.
Test oil and replace as required.
review the previous section
Check for cracks and retighten
Replace with Correct fittings
due to over tightening, replace hose or
fitting
Repair or replace Cylinder or port
Disassemble and Replace
Clean or Replace the Rod as required.
Determine Cause of Overload. Replace the
Rod
Incorrect Hose Routing
Check Hose Diagram in the Service Manual
and route the hoses correctly
Wire Harness improperly
Installed
Operator Perception of
Correct Operation is
incorrect
Confirm incorrect placement and Re attach the
harness connectors as needed.
Consult the Operator's Manual for Correct
operation and communicate with the Operator.
Cylinder Control Pump
Failure (all functions
affected)
Load Sense Signal Not
reaching the pump
Low Or Improper Oil in
Hydraulic system
Contamination of Oil
causing restricted flow in
the valve.
No voltage to Joystick
Controller
Faulty Joystick Controller
Test pump to confirm. Rebuild or replace as
required.
Cylinder Moves
intermittent (all
functions)
Check valve Pilot pressure and Load sense
check valves.
Replace or fill as required.
Replace oil, and clean components.
Check Fuses, wires etc and repair as required
Test then replace or repair as required.
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-40
OPERATION
Problem
Cylinder Moves
Spongy or Jerky
Possible Cause
Air in oil
Oil is cold
System must be warmed to at least 40degrees
F for proper operation.
Check or test then replace or repair as
required.
Faulty Joystick Controller
Test relief pressure and replace with proper
Work port relief valve.
Test the joystick and repair or replace as
required
Oil Level too low
Faulty Solenoid valve
Contamination in valve
Faulty main spool or valve
section
Bad Control Module
Incorrect Hose Routing
Fill the hydraulic tank as required
Test and repair or replace as required
Flush system and clean the valve as required
Replace the valve section
Incorrect Work port Relief
installed
Work Port relief failure
Check work port relief pressure and replace as
needed
Test work port relief pressure and replace if
required
test cylinder, repair or replace as needed
Check proper installation in Service Manual.
One way flow restrictors are required on most
Gravity aided functions and both directions of
the swing functions
Cylinder Failure
One way Flow restrictor
installed in wrong port, or
backwards
Pump Worn out
Air in oil
Engine RPM too slow
Operator Abuse
Replace the module
Check for proper hose routing in the Service
manual and correctly install
test to confirm, repair or replace as required
Locate the source of the air and repair. Flush
and fill oil as required
rated rpm is 540 PTO speed as indicated on
the tachometer
Operator training, Travel speed too fast, or
impact with solid objects while mowing
Misalignment of Cylinder
Lugs (bent boom)
Operator abuse, Excessive loading of boom
components
Work Port Relief improper
setting or failure
Interference with another
component
Check for proper setting. Replace as needed
Operator abuse or components interfering with
boom movement
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© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-41
OPERATION
Check Specifications for proper oil, and replace
Workport reliefs set too low
Cylinder Rod Bent
Identify the source of the Air. Replace Oil if
Required, or cycle the mower several times to
purge the oil
Wrong Oil Used
Faulty Pump or Pump drive
Cylinder Moves Some
Functions (But Not All)
Remedy
OPERATION
Problem
Cylinder Rod Came Out
of Cylinder
OPERATION
Deck Cracks
Deck Worn On
Underside (Cutting
Head Only)
Hydraulic System Noise
(Squeal)
Hydraulic System
Overheating
Possible Cause
Improper retaining of nut, replace or rebuild as
required
Test relief valve and adjust or replace as
required
Overloading cylinder in the extend position
Excessive ground speed, Overload or impact
with solid objects
Vibration
Poor or missing welds
Mowing over sand or rocks
Blades or blade bar bent, or blade missing
Manufacturing defect
Operator abuse
Abusive operation,
mowing heavy debris
Normal operational wear
Operator abuse
Restrictions to oil flow in
the system
Relief Valve Malfunction
Identified by concentration of heat, due to Line
restriction bent hoses or contamination.
Relief setting too low, will result in generation of
heat, Adjust or replace as needed.
induction of air into the system due to leakage
Flush and refill as required
Engine RPM should not exceed 540 PTO
speed as indicated on the tractor tachometer
Identified by a concentration of heat due to
crimped hydraulic line, relief valve failure or
contamination.
Cavitation
Wrong Oil Used
Excessive Engine RPM
Restriction in Hydraulic
System
Motor Flange or Motor
Housing Breaking
Remedy
Piston Nut backed off of
the Rod
Relief Valve setting Too
High
Operator abuse
Severe Use or Abuse
Relief Valve Set too low
Internal Leakage due to
wear
Excessive Pump or Motor
Wear
Wrong Oil
Abusive Operation (Heavy
Material or debris)
Excessive Torque load
due to abuse
Loss of Bolt torque at
flange or at motor section
Normal wear over time can result in cracks or
damage. Check deflectors and guards.
Replace as required.
Test and adjust or replace as required
Test pump and motor. Replace or repair as
required
Test pump and motor. Replace or repair as
required
Flush and refill as required with proper oil
Operator abuse
Impact with solid objects or excessive loading
of mower due to high ground speed.
Due to excessive loading. Check bolts daily,
and replace or repair as required
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-42
OPERATION
Problem
Motor Inoperative
(Won't Run)
Remedy
Improper Oil Used
Solenoid valve Failure or
O-ring Failure at the
Solenoid Valve
No voltage to Solenoid
Valve
Incorrect Wiring at
Solenoid valve
flush and replace the oil
Remove the solenoid valve and inspect.
Replace as required
Spindle Locked up
Check by spinning blades. See Section on
spindle failures
Fill or replace as required
Flush and fill as required
Locate the source and repair. Flush and fill the
oil as required
Tractor must be operated at the 540PTO speed
as indicated on the tachometer
Oil Level Too Low
Incorrect Oil Used
Air in Oil
Engine RPM too high
Excessive ground speed
for mowing conditions
Excessive ground contact
with blades
Internal leakage in pump
or motor
Relief valve malfunction
Restrictions in the system
Motor Shaft Seal
Leaking
Excessive Back Pressure
on return side of the
motor.
Incorrect oil used
Shaft Seal worn
Failed Seal Retainer
Defective Motor Flange
casting
Fill or replace as required
Check harness connections, fuses and wires
Wrong plug installed (Maverick and Machete).
Timbercat harness plug used in place of Other
mower plug. Reconnect with proper plug
Operator abuse
Operator abuse
Test to confirm. Repair or replace as required
Test relief valve setting. Adjust or replace as
required
Identified by concentration of heat, due to Line
restriction bent hoses or contamination.
Due to bent fittings or crimped hoses. Inspect
the system and repair as required
Replace with correct oil.. Flush and fill
Due to heat from the spindle or failure of
spindle components. Check spindle section
Manufacturing defect. Consult customer
service for proper repair or replacement
Manufacturing defect. Consult customer
service for proper repair or replacement
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-43
OPERATION
Motor Overheating
Possible Cause
Low Oil level or No Oil
OPERATION
Problem
OPERATION
Motor Runs Too Slow
(or Slows Down Under
Load)
Motor Stops (Stops
under Load)
Possible Cause
Remedy
Pump Drive Damaged
Logic Valve O-ring Failure
(Gear Systems)
Damaged O-ring on
Solenoid Valve
Pump Worn or Defective
Motor Damaged or
defective
Check drive shaft attachment to the tractor
Remove logic valves and inspect seals.
Replace as required
Remove solenoid valve. Replace seals as
required.
Test to confirm, Repair or replace as required
Confirm Pump is Working correctly, Check that
spindle is not locking up, Replace or repair the
motor as required
Incorrect Oil in System
Flush and fill with proper oil per the
specifications
Locate the source of the air intake and fix.
Flush and fill the oil as required
Operator Abuse
Engine RPM too slow
Air in the oil
Excessive Ground Speed
for Mowing Conditions
Pump Seizure (Pump
Locks Up)
Pump Wear (Rapid
Excessive Wear)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Tractor must be operated at the 540PTO speed
as indicated on the tachometer
Excessive Internal
Leakage in pump/motor
Low Relief Valve Setting
Confirm with pressure/flow test and replace or
repair as required
Check the Setting using a pressure/flow meter
with a restrictor valve. Adjust or replace as
needed
Restrictions in the system
Identified by a concentration of heat due to
crimped hydraulic line, relief valve failure or
contamination.
Lack of Oil
Repair or replace the pump or motor. Fill the
oil to the correct level and check for leaks
Inadequate or lack of pump
Prime during initial start up.
Pumps must be properly primed prior to initial
startup. Consult the Technical Service manual
or contact Customer Service for proper
procedures
Improper assembly
Pump may have been reassembled incorrectly
by the dealer following a prior failure. Rebuild
or replace
Contamination
Contaminants in the system will damage the
components. Repair or replace the affected
components, then flush and refill with clean oil.
Inspect the tank for debris.
Defective Pump
Confirm defect with customer service and
replace
Operation Section 4-44
OPERATION
Problem
Spindle Leaking At
Motor
Spindle Leaking At
Relief Vent
Spindle Overheating
Spindle Shaft Loose or
Falls Out
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Due to Motor Seal Failure
(hydraulic Oil leak)
Motor Loose or bolts
missing
Gasket torn due to
movement of motor on
spindle flange
Excessive Backpressure in
Spindle
Seal Damaged due to
Debris
Remedy
See section on motor seal failure and repair as
needed
Bolts should be checked every 8 hrs. Loss of
torque will result in seal failure and leakage
See above
Remove the Spindle vent plug and check for
clogs or contamination.
Replace as required. Check for damaged or
missing seal guard
Bearings Loose
Disassemble the Spindle and inspect the
bearings for damage. Re-assemble and
properly pre-load the bearings based on the
technical service manual.
Seal blown out due to
excessive back pressure
Remove the Spindle vent plug and check for
clogs or contamination.
Relief fitting installed in the
fill hole (wrong hole)
Install the vent in the top most hole or even
with the top of the top bearing race. The lower
hole is the fill hole and should have a grease
zerk or plug installed.
Spindle Overfilled
Overfilling will result in the lubricating oil being
expelled from the vent.
Fill lubricant until it can be seen in the top most
(vent plug) hole.
Disassemble the spindle and inspect the
bearings for wear. Re-assemble following the
bearing pre-load specifications in the Technical
Service Manual.
Low Grease Level in the
spindle
Excessive Bearing Preload
Blade bar bolts are too
long
Installing the incorrect bolts (too long) for the
blade carrier will allow the bolts to contact the
lower bearing and will lock up the spindle.
Install the correct bolts.
Bearing Pre-load adjusting
nut and/or lock nut failure
Locking washers are provided to retain the preload lock nut in place. Improper installation of
the washer and locking mechanism will allow
the lock nuts to back off. Re-assemble
following the recommended procedures
Bearing cups or cones not
installed properly
Disassemble and check for wear. Follow
reassembly procedures indicated in the
Technical Service Manual
Severe upper bearing
failure.
Usually due to lack of lube. Replace the
bearing(s) and make sure the spindle is
properly filled. Also check for leakage and
repair as needed.
Operation Section 4-45
OPERATION
Spindle Leaking
Around Bottom Seal
Possible Cause
OPERATION
OPERATION
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
Spindle Locks Up
(Seizes and Won't Turn)
Loss of lubrication in
spindle
Excessive bearing preload
Indicated by catastrophic failure of the upper
bearing. See the previous section
Disassemble the spindle and inspect the
bearings for wear. Re-assemble following the
bearing pre-load specifications in the Technical
Service Manual.
Blade bar bolts too long
Installing the incorrect bolts (too long) for the
blade carrier will allow the bolts to contact the
lower bearing and will lock up the spindle.
Install the correct bolts.
Interference due to bent
seal protector
Wire harness incorrectly
installed
Inspect the seal guard ring (welded to the blade
carrier or bar) Replace or repair as needed.
Check harness attachment to the ignition switch
and to the battery. Also, check for proper
ground.
On/Off switch malfunction
Inspect to ensure power to switch is interrupted
when the switch is in the off position
Short to ground in wire
harness
Inspect for damage or heat stress to the
harness. Check for shorted wires or melted
insulation. Check proper connection to the
ignition switch and battery.
Battery failure
Test the battery and replace per the tractor
manufacturers recommendation
Tractor issues
Follow tractor manufacturer recommendations
for troubleshooting electrical problems with the
tractor.
Starter on Tractor
Won't Crank
Tractor Battery Dead or
Low (Continuous
Power Draining)
DB150 07/11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-46
MAINTENANCE SECTION
Maintenance Section 5-1
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING IMPLEMENT IN
GOOD OPERATING CONDITION IN PERFORMING PROPER SERVICE, REPAIRS AND
MAINTENANCE.
BEFORE PERFORMING SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE ON THE IMPLEMENT:
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and remove key before
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
dismounting from tractor.
PLACE implement on ground or securely block up raised equipment. Use large blocks on soft or wet soil.
PUSH and PULL Remote Hydraulic Cylinder lever to relieve hydraulic pressure.
DISCONNECT Pump solenoid valve or PTO driveline connection before servicing mower head.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES, PROTECTIVE GLOVES and follow SAFETY PROCEDURES when performing service, repairs
and maintenance on the implement:
Always WEAR protective GLOVES when handling blades, knives, cutting edges or worn component with sharp edges.
Always WEAR GLOVES and SAFETY GLASSES when servicing hot components
AVOID CONTACT with hot hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and hose connection surfaces.
SECURELY support or BLOCK UP raised implement, framework and lifted components before working underneath equipment.
FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS in maintenance section when replacing hydraulic cylinders to prevent component falling.
STOP any implement movements and SHUT-OFF TRACTOR engine before doing any work procedures.
USE ladder or raised stands to reach high equipment areas inaccessible from ground.
ENSURE good footing by standing on solid flat surfaces when getting on implement to perform work.
FOLLOW manufacturer's instructions in handling oils, solvents, cleansers, and other chemical agents.
DO NOT change any factory-set hydraulic calibrations to avoid component or equipment failures.
DO NOT modify or alter implement, functions or components.
DO NOT WELD or repair rotating mower components. These may cause vibrations and component failures being thrown from
mower.
PERFORM SERVICE, REPAIRS, LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE OUTLINED IN IMPLEMENT MAINTENANCE
SECTION:
•
INSPECT for loose fasteners, worn or broken parts, leaky or loose fittings, missing or broken cotter keys and washers on pins, and
all moving parts for wear.
•
•
•
•
•
REPLACE any worn or broken parts with authorized service parts.
Inspect mower blade spindle to ensure bearing preload. If loose repair before operating.
LUBRICATE unit as specified by lubrication schedule
NEVER lubricate, adjust or remove material while it is running or in motion.
TORQUE all bolts and nuts as specified.
BLADE INSPECTION:
•
•
•
•
Inspect blade carrier and blades daily.
Check blade and blade carrier BOLT TORQUE daily. Loose bolts can cause blade or blade bolt failures.
REPLACE, bent, damage, cracked and broken blades immediately with new blades.
AVOID blade failures and thrown broken blades. DO NOT straighten, weld, or weld hard-facing blades.
SAFETY SHIELDS, GUARDS AND SAFETY DEVICES INSPECTION:
•
KEEP all Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox Shields, and PTO integral shields, Bands, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes
•
•
•
in place and in good condition.
REPLACE any missing, broken or worn safety shields, guards and safety devices.
Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the state of California
to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to
cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. PN HMBM-01
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-2
MAINTENANCE
PARTS INFORMATION
PARTS INFORMATION
Rhino mowers use balanced and matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts, knives,
knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Rhino
specifications. Non-genuine "will fit" parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will fit”
parts may reduce mower performance, void warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Rhino
mower parts for economy and safety. (SPRM-1)
LUBRICATION INFORMATION
Before operating your Implement, take the time to inspect and repair any damage to the machine or tractor.
Only a minimum of time and effort is required to maintain this machine to provide long life and trouble free
operation.
BOOM ARM:
Your Boom uses greased bushings that need lubrication, and with proper lubrication should last the lifetime of
the machine.
MOWER HEAD:
The Spindle Housing on the Mower head should be serviced daily (every eight hours of operation) to achieve
the best operation and the longest life. Fill with NLGI EP#2 Grease.
DRIVELINE:
The driveline powering the hydraulic system may have a universal joint at each end. Check you tractor and
locate the grease points on the driveline that is connected from the front engine pulley to the front mounted
pump. Grease weekly.
Do not operate this Equipment with hydraulic oil or fuel leaking. Oil
and fuel are explosive and their presence could present a hazard. Do
not check for leaks with your hand! High-pressure oil streams from
breaks in the line could penetrate the skin and cause tissue damage
including gangrene. To check for a hose leak, SHUT the unit ENGINE
OFF and remove all hydraulic pressure. Wear oil impenetrable gloves,
safety glasses and use Cardboard to check for evidence of oil leaks. If
you suspect a leak, REMOVE the HOSE and have it tested at a Dealer.
If oil does penetrate the skin, have the injury treated immediately by a
physician knowledgeable and skilled in this procedure. (SG-15)
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-3
MAINTENANCE
SEE YOUR RHINO DEALER
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-4
MAINTENANCE
HYDRAULIC FLUID
Product
DB150
Oil Type
UTF
Oil
Specification
ISO
Cleanliness
Filter Change
Recommendation
Oil Change
Recommendation
Chevron 1000
THF
18/16/14
First 100 / every 500
or 12 months
First 500 / every 1000
or 12 months
The above are prescribed intervals, but frequency may change based on use. It is important to monitor the filter
clogging indicator.
There are many comparable oils that are equivalent to what is used by the factory. An ISO class oil with a
viscosity that matches your operating conditions is recommended. For further information, please consult with
the oil manufacturer for proper specifications.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-5
MAINTENANCE
Maintaining the proper hydraulic oil level and oil cleanliness is very important for continued trouble-free
operation of the mower. The fluid level should be checked daily before the mower is put into service. A visual
inspection of the hydraulic connections, hose guards and shielding should occur daily as well. The hydraulic
fluid can loose its ability to lubricate in a number of different ways, most commonly contamination and
overheating. Both scenarios can lead to catastrophic failure of the hydraulic components and costly repairs.
Rhino offers fluids, filters, and oil analysis capabilities to help you maintain your hydraulic powered machine.
Please be sure to follow the oil & filter change procedure that is outlined for your mower.
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
Proper Oil Level
Maintain the oil level within the sight gauge located
on the reservoir. When oil is cold, the level should
be three-quarters up the sight gauge. Never fill the
tank above that sight gauge level. A space is
maintained above the sight gauge to allow for the
expansion of the oil. Oil is added through the filler
tube, if your tank does not have a filler tube then fill
through the return filter located on the tank.
Thoroughly clean the cap area around the filter to
prevent oil from contamination. Remove the cap
and add the proper viscosity grade of FILTERED oil
to achieve the proper level. Never assume any oil is
clean, including new.
Sight Gauge
Oil Level Low
Low oil level in the reservoir is caused by leakage or improper filling. If leaking, locate the area of the leak and
repair the leak at once. Loss of fluid can cause severe & catastrophic damage to the hydraulic components.
NOTE: After initial start up, the mower may require more oil to bring the oil level back to the proper level. This
is normal. Air trapped in the hydraulic components was displaced by the oil, causing the oil level to go down in
the tank. Oil must be added to reach the proper level or cavitation could result.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-6
MAINTENANCE
DRIVELINE LUBRICATION
Grease Fittings are located on the Cross Assembly of each U-Joint and on the telescoping tubes. Grease UJoint after each 8 hours of use. Figure Mnt-0024. Do not force grease through the Needle Cup Assemblies.
Grease the telescoping tubes after every 8 hours use. Some PTO-to-Hitch connections may necessitate
cutting a hole in the shields to be able to align the Grease Fitting holes for lubrication. Lubricate the shield
bearings every 16 hours. Figure Mnt-0026.
MAINTENANCE
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-7
MAINTENANCE
MAIN DRIVELINE & CAT 4 SAFETY SHIELD
MAINTENANCE
To remove the main inner driveline shield, Remove the locking screws. Align the bearing tabs with the cone
pockets. FIGURE Mnt-0026. Remove the half-guard and remove the bearing ring. FIGURE Mnt-0012.
Inspect the driveline shield for worn areas or cracks. If the shield has any dents or cracks, replace the Shield.
While the Shields are off, examine the Driveline for signs of abnormal wear, bent or twisted shafts, or cracks in
the shafts or tubes. Check to see that the Drivelines telescope easily. If the Drivelines do not telescope
properly or show signs of abnormal wear, the shaft should be repaired or replaced.
To assemble the main inner driveline shield, grease the yoke groove and inner profile tube. Attach the bearing
ring in groove with recesses facing profile tube. FIGURE Mnt-0027. Slide on the half shield. Turn the cone
until it engages correctly. Install locking screws. FIGURE 5.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-8
MAINTENANCE
Make certain that the Driveline Integral Shields are free to telescope and rotate around the
Driveline without binding.
MAINTENANCE
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-9
MAINTENANCE
BLADES
Check the Blades for cracks and wear and Blade Bolts for tightness, daily. Blades should be replaced when
they are worn excessively, bent, deformed, or out of balance.
MAINTENANCE
Blades should always be replaced in pairs. Blades of different
weights can cause serious imbalance and damage to the machine
and personnel. When replacing blades, take care to replace the
blade bolts, nuts, and washers.
Make sure the mower blades are turning clockwise when looking down from the top of the
mower. Follow the color coding on the hydraulic hoses and fittings to make sure the motor
and hydraulic hoses are assembled properly. Connect the blue hose connection only to the
blue fitting. The blade rotation on the leading edge of the mower should discharge the cut
material away from the tractor and operator.
If the leading edge of the mower blades are rotating backwards they
can discharge material toward the operator. If this occurs,
discontinue mowing immediately and reverse the direction of the
motor rotation by correctly installing the motor pressure and return
hoses. Contact your dealer or Rhino for specific information on the
hose routing.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-10
MAINTENANCE
BLADE SERVICING
Inspect blades before each use to determine that they are properly installed and in good condition. Replace
any blade that is bent, excessively nicked, worn, or has any other damage. Small nicks can be ground out
when sharpening.
Use only original equipment blades on this mower. They are made of special heat-treated
alloy steel. Substitute blades may not meet specifications and may fail in a hazardous
manner that could cause injury.
When changing Blades always replace the Blade Bolt & Blade Nut at the same time. Reuse
of Blade Bolts or Nuts could fail in a harzardous manner that could cause injury.
Inspect Blades daily for normal wear. If Blades have a notch worn into the leading worn into
the leading edge at the lower bend more htan 1/2” DEEP (due to running in gravel and/or
the ground), REPLACE BOTH BLADES ON THAT CARRIER IMMEDIATELY. Failure to
replace such abnormally worn blades may lead to catastrophic failure of the blade and
ejection of the broken part with tremendous force which may cause bodily injury or death.
NOTE: Replace Blades in pairs after no more than 1/2” notch wear.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-11
MAINTENANCE
When sharpening blades, grind each blade the same amount to maintain balance. The
difference in blade weights should not exceed 1 ounce. Unbalanced blades will cause
excessive vibration which can damage gear box bearings. Vibration may also cause
structural cracks in the mower.
MAINTENANCE
BLADE SHARPENING
Always sharpen both blades at same time to maintain balance. Follow original sharpening pattern as shown in
Figure Mnt-B-0035. Always sharpen blades by grinding. DO NOT heat and pound out edge. Do not sharpen
blade to a razor edge, but leave a 1/16" blunt edge. Do not sharpen back side of blade.
MAINTENANCE
Avoid personal injury. Always block the mowerer up to prevent if from falling when the
blades and/ or carrier are being serviced.
Avoid Personal injury.
blades.
Always wear safety glasses and face protection when grinding
Do Not heat, weld, or hard surface blades as this can alter material strength causing blades
to fail in a hazardous manner that could cause injury.
BLADE REMOVAL
To remove blades for sharpening or replacement, remove the cover plate on deck of mower near Hyd Motor.
Remove lock nut from blade bolt.
NOTE: Inspect lock nut after removal and replace if threads are damaged. Always replace nut when replacing
blade bolt. When installing blades be sure and check blade bolt pivot diameter for wear. Replace bolt if worn
more than 1/4 inch at any point. Tighten lock nut to 350 ft. lbs.
Avoid personal injury. Blade and/or blade carrier removal should be done only with the
tractor engine shut off, key removed, in neutral, parking brake on, and PTO disengaged and
themower blocked in the raised position.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-12
MAINTENANCE
BLADE CARRIER REMOVAL
Remove cotter pin and loosen slotted nut on spindle shaft. Loosen but do not remove the nut until the blade
carrier is loosened. Use a suitable 2 jaw gear puller to pull carrier off tapered spindle shaft. If gear puller is not
available use long bar inserted through blade bolt access hole with end against rotor bar. Strike opposite end
of bar with sledge hammer. Rotate blade carrier 180 degrees and repeat process.
BLADE CARRIER INSTALLATION
Tighten nut holding blade carrier to minimum 450 ft. pounds, strike the carrier near the hub several times with a
heavy hammer to seat the hub. Use a suitable spacer over the nut to prevent damage to the nut and threads.
Retighten the nut to 450 ft. pounds. Install cotter pin and spread.
Always recheck spindle output shaft slotted blade carrier retaining nut torque after a few
hours operation.
Avoid personal injury. Do not work under mower without support blocks to keep frame from
falling.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-13
MAINTENANCE
Clean the splines on both the blade carrier and output shaft. Position carrier on the gearbox output shaft and
install special washer nut.
MAINTENANCE
Hardware
Most nuts and bolts will stay tight and therefore need only periodic checking. However, the following nuts and
bolts are extremely important and should receive special attention:
Spindle Housing Bolts: Tighten to 400 Ft./Lbs. Torque
Blade Bolts: Tighten to 400 Ft./Lbs. Torque
MAINTENANCE
Blade Bar To Spindle Bolts: Tighten to 400 Ft./Lbs. Torque
Be certain to clamp or securely support the Spindle Housing and subassemblies to prevent
injuries to hands and feet due to inadvertent dropping or falling over.
Always wear safety glasses and gloves to prevent eye and hand injury when chiseling or
hammering on metal components. Hardened metal will chip unexpectedly.
An assembled spindle housing is quite heavy. Use a hoist or get help to handle them safely.
Lift carefully and properly using your legs to lift - NOT YOUR BACK.
Cylinder Rod Maintenance
It is important to visually inspect the hydraulic cylinder rods daily before use. It is highly recommended that
while the machine is stored or getting very little use that a protectant is applied to the hydraulic cylinder rods to
prevent degradation. If the machine receives more frequent use, be sure to fully cycle each cylinder function so
that the cylinder rod is coated by the systems hydraulic fluid. Depending on your operating environment it may
be necessary, under normal operating conditions, to apply a protective lubricant to the cylinder rods for
protection against rust and pitting. Hydraulic fluid may provide a suitable amount of protection, but remember
any protectant can attract dust and debris so attention must be given to the cylinder rods daily. Also remember
that any other protectant must be compatible with hydraulic fluid. Rhino is not responsible for rust or pitting of
the cylinder rod due to weather exposure or impacts from normal operation or mounting. If hydraulic cylinders
and or the cylinder rods are damaged as a result of the rods rusting or pitting, the hydraulic cylinders and rods
will not be covered under warranty by Rhino.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-14
MAINTENANCE
Boom Cylinder Removal and Replacement Instructions
1.
2.
3.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-15
MAINTENANCE
4.
5.
6.
Clear the area of all personnel before lowering the boom mower head.
From the tractor seat with your seat belt fastened around you, Lower the boom mower head to the
ground. Extend the boom to the furthest reach and lower the mower head flat on the ground. DO NOT
attempt to replace the cylinders with the boom in the raised or transport position.
Shut off the tractor, engage the parking brake, place the tractor transmission in the park position, and
remove the key before dismounting.
Allow the system to cool to room temperature before removing any hydraulic components.
Wear Safety glasses and impenetrable gloves when working with hydraulic hoses and fittings.
Release all oil pressure from the hydraulic circuit by manually stroking each valve section with the tractor
engine off. Utilize the Manual Override function if the unit is equipped with an electric over hydraulic valve.
Utilize blocks, jack stands or a suitable over head hoist to support the weight of the boom section and
remove pressure form the cylinder mounting pins.
Check to see that the cylinder to be replaced is not under pressure by moving the cylinder pins by hand.
The pins should be loose and should slide form the pin bore easily. If the pins are tight and cannot be
moved, the cylinder may be under pressure. Make sure the boom components are properly supported
and that the pressure is relived from the circuit.
Cylinder assemblies are heavy and can fall when the pins are removed. Support the hydraulic cylinder
with a suitable hoist or jack.
Slowly loosen the hydraulic connections to the cylinder. Carefully unscrew hose fitting and allow any
remaining pressure to bleed off. Use Extreme Care. Oil must be cool, and the technician should stand to
the side to prevent exposure to any hydraulic oil. Always consult the Material Safety Data Sheet and wear
any required Personal Protective Equipment. A catch pan may be required to retain any spilled oil.
Cap both ends of the fitting with suitably sized metal caps.
Remove the cylinder pins starting with the ROD end cylinder pin. Make sure the cylinder is properly
supported, and remove the base end cylinder pin. The cylinder may be heavy, use proper lifting
techniques to lift and handle the cylinder. If needed, get assistance from another person to safely lift the
cylinder from the machine.
Measure the distance between the cylinder pin holes and extend the new cylinder the correct length prior
to attempting an installation.
Install the new cylinder in place and install both cylinder pins and retaining hardware.
Remove the metal caps, and re-install the hydraulic hoses.
Check the hydraulic reservoir of the boom mower to ensure there is sufficient oil. Follow the manufactures
recommendations for proper oil type and filtering techniques and requirements to add oil to the system.
Clear the area of all persons prior to starting the tractor.
Consult the Operator's Manual for instruction in regard to the proper operating procedure.
From the tractor seat, with the seat belt fastened, operate the boom to ensure proper operation of the
boom function.
From the tractor seat, with the seat belt fastened, operate the boom controls to fully extend and retract the
new cylinder several times to purge any trapped air from the system.
From the tractor seat, with the seat belt fastened, look for signs of and oil leak. If an oil leak is observed,
shut the tractor down and follow the steps to remove pressure from the hydraulic circuit. Identify the
source of the leak, and resolve the issue.
Upon completion of the required repairs, return to Step # 16 to recheck the cylinder for proper operation.
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
Hydraulic Component Maintenance Schedule
Component
Installation
X
Pump Drive Shaft Check and Lubricate
Pump Mounting Bolt torque check (Inspect Daily)
X
Installation
Charge Pump Filter
Installation
Pressure Filter to the Control Valve
Installation
Return Canister Filter Element
Installation
Hydraulic Oil Change
Hydraulic Oil Particle Count Testing
X
Installation
Hydraulic Tank Breather Filter
Installation
Hydraulic Tank Suction Screen
Installation
Hydraulic Hose Inspection/Replacement
Daily
Cooling Fan Clean and Inspect
Daily
Check Hydraulic Fluid Level (Inspect Daily)
Mower Blades Replace (INSPECT DAILY)
Blade Bolts Replace (INSPECT DAILY)
Blade Bar Assembly Replace
Spindle Lube Replacement (INSPECT DAILY)
Spindle Bearing Pre-load Inspection
Mower Debris Guard Inspect/Replace
Pivot Point Lubrication
King Pin Bearing Replacement
Pivot Pin Bearing replacement (Steel)
Pivot Pin Bearing Replacement (Fiber)
Inspect Operation And Safety Decals Replace
when faded, torn or missing.
Hours of Operation
800 1000 1200 1400
200
400
600
1600
1800
2000
2200
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Inspect
Replace
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Installation
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Installation
X
Installation
X
Installation
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Repeat the Maintenance Schedule based on the hours indicated for the life of the machine
LEXAN Sheet Cleaning Recommendations
These cleaning recommendations apply to all Lexan polycarbonate sheet products, including, but not limited
to, Lexan solid sheet and signs, Lexan coated Margard* sheet and Lexan multiwall sheet.
Periodic cleaning using correct procedures can help to prolong service life. For cleaning, it is recommended
that the following instructions be adhered to:
Cleaning Procedure for Small Areas - Manual
1.
2.
3.
4.
Gently wash sheet with a solution of mild soap and lukewarm water, using a soft, grid-free cloth or sponge
to loosen any dirt or grime.
Fresh paint splashes, grease and smeared glazing compounds can be removed easily before drying by
rubbing lightly with a soft cloth using petroleum ether (BP65), hexane or heptane. Afterwards, wash the
sheet using mild soap and lukewarm water.
Scratches and minor abrasions can be minimized by using a mild automobile polish. We suggest that a
test be made on a small area of Lexan sheet with the polish selected and that the polish manufacturer's
instructions be followed, prior to using the polish on the entire sheet.
Finally, thoroughly rinse with clean water to remove any cleaner residue and dry the surface with a soft
cloth to prevent water spotting.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-16
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning Procedure for Large Areas - Automated
1.
2.
Clean the surface using a high-pressure water cleaner (max. 10Obar or 1,450psi) and/or a steam cleaner.
We suggest that a test be made on a small area, prior to cleaning the entire sheet
Use of additives to the water and/or steam should be avoided.
Other Important Instructions for All Lexan Sheets:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Never use abrasive or highly alkaline cleaner on Lexan polycarbonate materials.
Never use aromatic or halogenated solvents like toluene, benzene, gasoline, acetone or carbon
tetrachloride on Lexan polycarbonate materials.
Use of incompatible cleaning materials with Lexan sheet can cause structural and/or surface damage.
Contact with harsh solvents such as methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) or hydrochloric acid can result in surface
degradation and possible crazing of Lexan sheet.
Never scrub with brushes, steel wool or other abrasive materials.
Never use squeegees, razor blades or other sharp instruments to remove deposits or spots.
Do not clean Lexan polycarbonate in direct sunlight or at high temperatures as this can lead to staining.
For all mentioned chemicals consult the manufacturer's material safety data sheet (MSDS) for proper
safety precautions.
Additional Important Considerations for Multiwall, Corrugated and Sign Sheet
•
•
•
Cleaners and solvents generally recommended for use on polycarbonate are not necessarily compatible
with the UV-protected surfaces of Lexan multiwall, corrugated and sign polycarbonate materials.
Do not use alcohols on the UV-protected surfaces of Lexan sheet.
Never clean the Dripgard surface of Lexan multiwall and corrugated sheets
Graffiti removal from Lexan* Margard* sheet
•
•
•
Use butyl cellosolve with a clean, soft cloth to remove paints, marking pen inks and lipstick. Afterwards,
wash the sheet using mild soap and lukewarm water, then rinse with clean water to remove residue and
dry with a soft cloth.
Masking tape and adhesive tape work well for lifting off old, weathered paints.
To remove labels stickers, the use of kerosene or petroleum ether (BP65) is generally effective. If the
solvent does not penetrate the sticker material, apply heat using a hair dryer to soften the adhesive and
promote removal. Afterwards the cleaning procedure for small areas as outlined above
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-17
MAINTENANCE
•
•
MAINTENANCE
STORAGE
MAINTENANCE
Your mower represents an investment from which you should get the greatest possible benefit. Therefore,
when the season is over, the mower should be thoroughly checked and prepared for storage so that a
minimum amount of work will be required to put it back into operation for the next season. The following are
suggested storage procedures:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Thoroughly clean the mower.
Lubricate the cutter as covered in Maintenance Section.
Tighten all bolts and pins to the recommended torque.
Check the mower for worn or damaged parts. Make replacements immediately.
Store the mower in a clean, dry place with the mower head resting on blocks.
Use spray touch-up enamel where necessary to prevent rust and maintain the appearance of the mower.
PROPER TORQUE FOR FASTENERS
The chart lists the correct tightening torque for fasteners. When bolts are to be tightened or replaced, refer to
this chart to determine the grade of bolts and the proper torque except when specific torque values are
assigned in manual text.
RECOMMENDED TORQUE IN FOOT POUNDS UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED IN THE MANUAL*
NOTE: These values apply to fasteners as received from supplier, dry or when lubricated with normal engine
oil. They do not apply if special graphitic or molydisulphide greases or other extreme pressure lubricants are
used. This applies to both UNF fine and UNC coarse threads.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-18
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-19
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE OF SPINDLE HOUSING
(FIGURE Mnt-0006)
Remove blade bar or pan.
Remove hydraulic motor.
MAINTENANCE
Remove spindle housing from unit.
Drain remaining oil from housing.
Using a chisel, bend the tang on the lockwasher (6)
until it is free from the slot in the nut (5).
Unscrew locknut and remove
lockwasher, and second locknut.
locknut
and
The Spindle should now slide from the Spindle
housing, so the Spindle can be removed from the
Housing.
Remove the Seal (7) from the Housing
Removing Bearing
If replacing bearings:
Remove the old bearings from the Spindle and Housing. Be careful not to damage either the Spindle or
Housing in this process.
Turn the spindle housing over and from the bottom side of the spindle housing, using a punch, drive the
remaining bearing cup out.
Clean spindle housing, spindle and bearings thoroughly.
When rebuilding the spindle housing assembly, always replace the locknuts, lockwasher, and seal.
Inspection
Bearing and cups:
Inspect bearings and bearing cups for nicks, pitting, discoloration and wear. If any exist, replace bearing and
bearing cup.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-20
MAINTENANCE
Assembly
Make sure all parts are clean and free of any contamination
Install Bearing Cups (3 & 4) into Spindle Housing (2) using a suitable bearing driver to seat the cups. Caution
must be taken not to damage the cup or spindle housing, cups must be fully seated. If Cups are damaged
during installation or not fully seated, bearing and spindle assembly life are greatly reduced!
Never drive against bearing surface! Never used the mating bearing cone to seat the cup!
Press the Lower Cone (3) on the spindle shaft (1) use the proper tool when pressing the bearing onto the shaft,
driving against the inner race and not the rollers or cage. Any damage to the bearing will cause premature
failures of the bearing and spindle assembly.
Before installing the spindle (with the bearing pressed on it), lubricate the rubber portion of the seal. This will
reduce the chance of the Seal being torn by the installation of the spindle and is a necessary step when setting
the rolling Torque.
Turn the Spindle Housing Upside Down and insert the spindle (with the bearing pressed onto it) into the spindle
housing until the bearing cone contacts the cup in the Housing. During this step take care not to damage the
seal.
While supporting the Spindle and Housing turn the assembly over so that the assembly is setting on the
spindle.
Install the upper bearing (4) on the spindle shaft (1).
After the Upper Bearing is installed, install the nut (5) with the chamfer facing up. Run the nut down against the
bearing, but do not torque the nut at this time. Clamp the spindle Housing in a vise so that the spindle shaft can
rotate. Tighten the nut until the spindle shaft has a rolling torque of 25 in-lbs (that is it takes 25 in-lbs to rotate
the spindle shaft).
Install the tanged lockwasher (6) with the outside prongs facing upward.
Install the top nut (5) with the chamfer facing down. Block the spindle to keep it from rotating and torque the top
nut to a minimum of 100 ft.-lbs. Bend the tang of the lockwasher to fit into one of the grooves of the top nut.
Install vent plug (8) and Grease Fitting (9).
Fill spindle assembly with NLGI EP#2 Grease (Approx. 22 oz.)
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-21
MAINTENANCE
Once the Lower Cup is installed, the seal may be installed. The seal should be installed with the spring towards
the inside Press seal (7) into spindle housing, make sure seal is fully seated. Be careful not to damage seal!
MAINTENANCE
MOTOR & COUPLING INSTALLATION
MAINTENANCE
Bolt motor to mount plate. Fully tighten bolts. (Item
1)
Install flex coupler to the quick disconnect pulley
hub using the countersunk socket head bolts (Item
2). Apply thread locking compound to the bolts.
Tighten bolts to 45 FT-LB. Attach motor mount
angle brackets, (Item 3) to the channel frame, leave
bolts loose.
Insert motor shaft into flex coupling and allow motor
to “find its center”.
Adjust motor up as needed to provide ample
clearance between the top of flex coupling and the
motor. Bring angle brackets up to motor mount plate
and tighten the bolts.
TAPER BUSHING & SHEAVE INSTALLATION
Do not use lubricants during installation as this may cause sheave breakage.
Make sure the bushing and bore of the sheave are free of dirt, paint, metal chips, etc.
Insert cap screws and lockwashers engaging only 2 or 3 threads.
With key in the keyway, slide the loosely assembled unit onto the shaft and position for good belt alignment.
Temporary shimming under the pulley may make it easier to position.
Carefully tighten cap screws alternately and progressively until tapers are seated (about 5 FT-LB).
Check sheave alignment and runout (wobble).
Continue careful alternate and progressive tightening of cap screws to 10 FT-LB.
Maximum torque should be achieved on each individual bolt only two times.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-22
MAINTENANCE
START UP PROCEDURE
Read all safety instructions. Decals on the Machete Boom warn you of particular and multiple hazards.
Many decals are attached close to part of the Machete Boom where there is a possible hazard. Read and
make sure you understand the safety messages before you operate the Machete Boom. Keep all decals
clean and readable. Replace lost or damaged decals.
2.
Before operating, read all the safety and operating instructions in the Operators Manual for both the
tractor and mower.
3.
When the hydraulic tank has been filled and the mower unit properly assembled, the unit should be
started up. NOTE: Make sure that no materials, tools, or jacks, have been left under the mower head.
Make sure the front and rear of the mower are properly guarded to prevent any foreign objects from being
thrown by the mower. All other workers should be kept a safe distance from the unit before the mower is
started.
4.
Start the tractor and idle at a slow engine speed until oil is being pumped.
5.
Engage the Cutter Control Valve at low engine PTO Speed and run the mower slowly for a short period
until all air is removed from the hoses. Keep all persons WELL CLEAR of mower since Blades can
THROW OBJECTS with great velocity for a considerable distance! KEEP CLEAR!
6.
With the area clear of any ground and overhead obstructions, work each cylinder on the boom one at a
time, several times, to expel any air in the Hoses and Cylinders.
7.
Run the Mower Head for 5 minutes. While the tractor is idling, blocked, wearing protective clothing and
eye protection, CAREFULLY check for leaking hydraulic fittings, hoses and ports at this point with a piece
of cardboard. DO NOT USE YOUR HAND! If any are found stop the tractor immediately and correct any
leaky connections.
8.
Check the fluid level in the Hydraulic Tank on the Tractor, and add oil if required. As the air has been
forced out of the Cylinders and Hoses, it goes into the Hydraulic Tank and reduces the oil level. Check
your Tractors Operators Manual for the proper level and type of oil to be used.
DB150 07/11
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-23
MAINTENANCE
1.
SEGURIDAD
INFORMACIÓN DE PARTES
SEGURIDAD
INFORMACIÓN DE PARTES
Las cortadoras RHINO usan balanciadas y componentes de systema seleccionado para los portadores de
cuchillas, cuchillas, eje de cortar, navaja, suspensiones de navajas, los rodillos, los componentes de línea
motriz, y cojinetes. Estas partes son echas y probadas a la especificaciones de RHINO. Partes que no son
auténticas no regularmente llegan con estas especificaciones. El uso de partes que no son auténticas puede
reducir el funcionamiento de la cortadora, anular garantias, y presentar un peligro de seguridad. Use partes
de cortadora auténticas de RHINO por economía y seguridad. (SPRM-1 SP)
CONTACTE A SU DISTRIBUIDOR RHINO
NOTA: Para ver las calcomanias en español porfavor de referirse a la pagina 1-19 en la seccion de seguridad
en ingles.
NOTA: Si necessita un manual completamente en español por favor de ponerse en contacto a;
Translations, dirección 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 372-9529
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-15
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS CON EL MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO
MANTENGA LOS IMPLEMENTOS EN BUENAS CONDICIONES DE FUNCIONAMIENTO, A TRAVÉS DE UN
SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN O MANTENIMIENTO APROPIADO.
ANTES DE REALIZAR TAREAS DE SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO:
•
APAGUE EL MOTOR Y EL PTO, coloque el freno de mano, descienda el implemento, espere a que se detengan todas las partes
móviles y quite la llave antes de bajarse del tractor.
•
COLOQUE el implemento sobre el suelo o trabe de manera segura los equipos elevados. Utilice bloques grandes sobre suelo
blando o húmedo.
•
EMPUJE y JALE la palanca del Cilindro Hidráulico Remoto para liberar la presión hidráulica.
•
DESCONECTE la válvula de solenoide de la bomba o la conexión de la línea de conducción de la TDF de antes de reparar el
cabezal de la cortadora.
•
USE GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD y GUANTES PROTECTORES y siga todos los PROCEDIMIENTOS DE SEGURIDAD al realizar
tareas de servicio, reparación y mantenimiento sobre el implemento:
•
Siempre USE GUANTES protectores al manipular las hojas, cuchillas, bordes filosos o un componente desgastado con bordes
filosos.
•
Siempre USE GUANTES y GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD al reparar componentes en caliente
•
EVITE EL CONTACTO con tanques de aceite hidráulico, bombas, motores, válvulas y superficies de conexión de mangueras
calientes.
•
SUJETE FIRMEMENTE o TRABE EN POSICIÓN ELEVADA todos los implementos, bastidores y componentes elevados antes de
trabajar sobre los equipos que se encuentran debajo.
•
SIGA LAS INSTRUCCIONES de la sección de mantenimiento al reemplazar los cilindros hidráulicos para evitar la caída de
componentes.
•
DETENGA el movimiento de todos los implementos y APAGUE EL MOTOR DEL TRACTOR antes de realizar ninguna tarea.
•
USE una escalera o gradas elevadas para alcanzar áreas altas del equipo a las que no se pueda acceder desde la tierra.
•
ASEGÚRESE de estar bien apoyado sobre superficies sólidas planas al subirse al implemento para realizar tareas.
•
SIGA las instrucciones del fabricante sobre cómo manipular los lubricantes, solventes, limpiadores y otros agentes químicos.
•
NO cambie ninguna calibración hidráulica de fábrica para evitar fallas de los componentes o equipos.
•
NO modifique o altere el implemento, las funciones o componentes.
•
NO SUELDE o repare los componentes de la cortadora. Esto puede causar vibraciones y fallas de los componentes que se
desprendan de la cortadora.
REALICE LAS TAREAS DE SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN, LUBRICACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO QUE SE DESCRIBEN EN LA
SECCIÓN DE MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO:
•
INSPECCIONE el implemento para detectar sujeciones sueltas, partes gastadas o rotas, ajustes sueltos o con filtraciones, que los
pasadores tengan chavetas y arandelas, y las partes móviles para detectar el desgaste.
•
REEMPLACE todas las partes gastadas o rotas con repuestos autorizados.
•
Inspeccione el huso de la cuchilla de la cortadora para asegurar la carga previa de los rodamientos. Si está suelto, repárelo antes
de operar.
•
LUBRIQUE la unidad tal como se especifica en el cronograma de lubricación.
•
NUNCA lubrique, ajuste o quite material mientras el equipo está en funcionamiento o movimiento.
•
AJUSTE todas las tuercas y pernos tal como se especifica.
INSPECCIÓN DE CUCHILLAS:
•
Inspeccione el soporte de la cuchilla y las cuchillas a diario.
•
Inspeccione el AJUSTE DE LOS PERNOS del soporte de la cuchilla y las cuchillas a diario. Los pernos sueltos pueden causar
fallas de la cuchilla o del perno de la cuchilla.
•
REEMPLACE las cuchillas dobladas, dañadas, agrietadas o rotas inmediatamente por cuchillas nuevas.
EVITE fallas de las cuchillas y que vuelen trozos de cuchillas. NO enderece, suelde o suelde con superficies rígidas.
•
INSPECCIÓN DE PROTECTORES DE SEGURIDAD, GUARDAS Y DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD:
MANTENGA en su lugar y en buen estado todos los deflectores, protectores de cadena, protectores de acero, cubiertas de caja
•
de engranajes, cubiertas integrales de PTO, bandas, faldones laterales y zapatas antideslizantes.
REEMPLACE cualquier protector, cubierta o dispositivo de seguridad faltante, roto o gastado.
•
•
El escape del motor, al igual que algunos de sus componentes, y determinados elementos del vehículo contienen o emiten agentes
químicos que el estado de California ha determinado que causan cáncer, defectos de nacimiento y otros daños reproductivos.
Las terminales de baterías y los accesorios relacionados contienen plomo y componentes de plomo, que el estado de California ha
determinado son químicos que causan cáncer, defectos de nacimiento u otros daños reproductivos. PN HMBM-01 SP
•
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-14
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS EN TRANSPORTE
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE AL REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR EQUIPOS:
•
MANTENGA la velocidad de transporte POR DEBAJO DE 20 millas por hora para mantener el control del equipo.
•
REDUZCA LA VELOCIDAD en terreno inclinado, en las curvas y en condiciones de remolque desfavorables.
•
NO REMOLQUE camiones u otros vehículos
•
USE un tractor de tamaño adecuado y equipado en función del equipo de remolque.
•
SIGA todas las reglamentaciones de tránsito locales.
REQUISITOS DEL TRACTOR PARA REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR IMPLEMENTOS:
•
SÓLO TRANSPORTE en el tractor con el mecanismo ROPS (antivuelco) en posición elevada.
•
USE un tractor de tamaño adecuado y equipado, que supere el peso del implemento en al menos un 20%
•
MANTENGA EL 20% del peso del tractor en las ruedas frontales para mantener la dirección en forma segura.
ANTES DE TRANSPORTAR O REMOLCAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
INSPECCIÓN DEL TRACTOR:
•
VERIFIQUE la dirección y los frenos para asegurarse el correcto funcionamiento y las condiciones adecuadas.
•
VERIFIQUE LLEVAR EL AVISO DE SMV, los reflectores y las luces de advertencia para la adecuada operación y
visibilidad detrás de la unidad.
•
VERIFIQUE que no haya impedimentos a la visión mientras conduce, en el tractor, la cabina o el implemento,
sentado en el asiento del tractor.
•
AJUSTE su posición de conducción, los espejos y el transporte del implemento para tener una visión clara para
condiciones de conducción y tránsito.
PREPARE EL IMPLEMENTO PARA EL TRANSPORTE O EL REMOLQUE:
•
Guarde el brazo y la cortadora en posición de transporte y conecte las trabas de transporte si existen.
DETERMINAR LAS CARACTERÍSTICAS DE DETENCIÓN DEL TRACTOR Y EL IMPLEMENTO PARA EL
TRANSPORTE O REMOLQUE:
PRUEBAS DE FRENADO:
•
La distancia de frenado puede aumentar con el implemento conectado
•
Observe las distancias de DETENCIÓN con el aumento de velocidad.
•
DETERMINE la velocidad de transporte máxima segura que no supere las 20 millas por hora
•
Reduzca la velocidad en caminos mojados o cubiertos de hielo; las distancias de frenado aumentan.
DETERMINE LA VELOCIDAD DE GIRO MÁXIMA ANTES DE OPERAR EN CARRETERAS O TERRENO
IRREGULAR:
•
PONGA A PRUEBA el equipo aumentando lentamente la velocidad en las curvas para determinar si se puede
operar a mayor velocidad.
•
USE MENORES velocidades de giro en las curvas pronunciadas para evitar el vuelco.
AL REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR EL EQUIPO:
•
Siempre USE EL CINTURÓN DE SEGURIDAD al operar o transportar la cortadora.
•
USE bajas velocidades para evitar el vuelco con el implemento elevado.
•
USE bajas velocidades y dirección gradual en las curvas, colinas, o en superficies irregulares o poco uniformes, y en
carreteras mojadas.
•
ENCIENDA LAS BALIZAS DE ADVERTENCIA del tractor.
•
TENGA EN CUENTA el espacio necesario para el vaivén del implemento en las curvas.
MANTENGA le brazo y cortadora elevadas a 3 metros (10 pies) o una mayor distancia de todos los cables de
alimentación y obstrucciones elevadas.
PN THBM-01 SP
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-13
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS ELÉCRTICOS Y DE FUEGO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CONTACTO ELÉCTRICO AL
TRABAJAR CERCA DE CABLES ELÉCTRICOS, LÍNEAS DE GAS Y DE SERVICIOS:
LLAME AL 811 y al 1-800-258-0808 para identificar cables de servicios subterráneos.
•
NO ponga en contacto la cortadora con ninguna estructura u obstrucción de servicios o municipales.
•
MANTENGA todas las alas elevadas a 3 metros (10 pies) o una mayor distancia de todos los cables de
alimentación y obstrucciones elevadas.
•
INSPECCIONE el área de corte para que no interfiera con cables de alimentación eléctricos
subterráneos, obstrucciones, líneas de gas, cables y servicios, estructuras municipales o de otro tipo.
•
PAUTAS DE PREVENCIÓN DE INCENDIOS durante la operación, reparación y servicio de la cortadora y el tractor,
a fin de reducir el riesgo de incendio del equipo y de la vegetación:
APAGUE EL MOTOR al cargar combustible
•
LIMPIE todo resto de hierba o residuo acumulado alrededor de las líneas de conducción de la cortadora,
los embragues deslizantes y cajas de cambios.
•
NO OPERE el equipo con filtraciones de aceite o combustible. Repare cualquier filtración de aceite y
retire el aceite acumulado antes de operar.
•
EVITE LA FORMACIÓN DE CHISPAS al no permitir que la hoja de la cortadora entre en contacto con
objetos sólidos como metal o roca.
•
NO CONDUZCA sobre residuos encendidos o en áreas recientemente quemadas
•
NO FUME ni acerque fuego directo a la cortadora o el tractor
•
NO OPERE la cortadora sobre un tractor equipado con escape debajo del bastidor
•
El tractor debe estar EQUIPADO CON MATAFUEGOS
•
DB150 07/11
PN EFBM-01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-12
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE FILTRACION DE ACEITE HIDRÁULICO DE ALTA PRESIÓN
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR PENETRACIÓN DE FILTRACIONES DE
ACEITE HIDRÁULICO DE ALTA PRESIÓN:
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NO OPERE el equipo con filtraciones de aceite o combustible.
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MANTENGA todas las mangueras hidráulicas, líneas y conexiones en BUEN ESTADO y AJUSTADAS antes de
aplicar presión al sistema.
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LIBERE LA PRESIÓN HIDRÁULICA antes de desconectar las líneas o trabajar en el sistema.
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QUITE y reemplace la manguera si sospecha que tiene filtraciones. Solicite al distribuidor que verifique si hay
filtraciones.
LAS FILTRACIONES DE LÍQUIDO DE ALTA PRESIÓN PUEDEN NO SER VISIBLES.
AL VERIFICAR FILTRACIONES HIDRÁULICAS Y TRABAJAR CERCA DE LOS SISTEMAS HIDRÁULICOS:
•
SIEMPRE USE gafas de seguridad y guantes impenetrables.
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USE papel o cartón para verificar si hay filtraciones.
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NO USE las manos o partes del cuerpo para detectar filtraciones.
•
MANTENGA las manos y el cuerpo LEJOS de los orificios de clavijas y boquillas de eyección de fluido hidráulico.
•
El fluido hidráulico puede causar gangrena si no es extirpado quirúrgicamente de inmediato por un médico
especializado en este tipo de lesiones..
Tenga cuidado cuando retire la tapa del tanque hidráulico.
•
Los contenidos del tanque pueden estar bajo presión.
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Siempre permita que el aceite se enfríe antes de quitar la tapa.
•
Libere la presión de aceite antes de retirar la tapa lentamente.
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Aléjese del aceite caliente que pueda rociarse desde el tanque. PN HPBM-01 SP
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-11
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DEL CONTACTO A LAS CUCHILLAS DE CORTADORA
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS DE LAS CUCHILLAS GIRATORIAS PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES
O LA MUERTE POR CONTACTO CON LA CUCHILLA:
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MANTÉNGASE LEJOS y NO ACERQUE LAS MANOS, LOS PIES y EL CUERPO a las cuchillas giratorias, líneas
de conducción y partes hasta que todos los elementos móviles se hayan detenido.
NO ponga las manos o los pies debajo de las plataformas de la cortadora
DETENGA las CUCHILLAS giratorias, desconecte el interruptor de la cortadora y la TDF (PTO) y espere que la
cuchilla deje de girar antes de levantar el cabezal de la cortadora.
NO se acerque el cabezal de la cortadora de hoz hasta que el motor del tractor haya sido apagado.
DETENGA la cortadora, EXAMÍNELA Y PRESTE ATENCIÓN A LOS SONIDOS antes de acercarse a la cortadora
para asegurarse de que se haya detenido todo el movimiento giratorio. PN MBBM-01 SP
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-10
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE ENREDO POR EL PTO
SEGURIDAD
MANTÉNGASE ALEJADO DE LAS LÍNEAS DE CONDUCCIÓN Y OTROS ELEMENTOS
GIRATORIOS PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE:
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS y NO ACERQUE las manos, los pies y el cuerpo a las cuchillas giratorias, líneas de
conducción y partes hasta que todos los elementos móviles se hayan detenido.
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DETENGA la cortadora, EXAMÍNELA Y PRESTE ATENCIÓN A LOS SONIDOS antes de acercarse a la cortadora
para asegurarse de que se haya detenido todo el movimiento giratorio.
LOS ELEMENTOS GIRATORIOS SIGUEN ROTANDO una vez apagada la PTO.
PROTECCIÓN DE LA PTO:
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR ENREDO AL OPERAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
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MANTENGA instalados los protectores, las cubiertas integrales de las líneas de conducción y las cubiertas de
entrada
NO OPERE la cortadora si los protectores o cubiertas no están bien colocados o faltan.
REEMPLACE O REPÁRELOS si faltan, están dañados o rotos
SIEMPRE REEMPLACE LOS PROTECTORES que se han quitado para tareas de reparación o mantenimiento.
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción se rompa durante las operaciones:
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VERIFIQUE que la línea de conducción tenga el largo adecuado entre el eje de PTO y el eje de la caja de cambios
del implemento.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado cortas se pueden soltar o romper.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado largas pueden tocar el suelo.
Un ensamblaje telescópico de la línea de conducción que toque el suelo no se deslizará y se solidificará.
Si la línea de conducción toca el suelo, puede atravesar los cojinetes de soporte y romper el eje de PTO.
EVITE hacer curvas pronunciadas o elevar la cortadora a alturas que puedan hacer caer la línea de conducción.
Lubrique los componentes telescópicos del eje de transmisión en forma semanal.
COMUNÍQUESE CON EL DISTRIBUIDOR si la línea de conducción del implemento no coincide con el eje de
PTO del tractor:
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NO UTILICE UN ADAPTADOR DE PTO.
El uso de un adaptador de PTO puede causar vibración excesiva, caída de objetos, fallas de las cuchillas y el
implemento como consecuencia de la duplicación de la velocidad operativa. El aumento de la longitud de trabajo
puede exponer áreas desprotegidas de la línea de conducción. PN PE01 SP
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-9
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE ATROPELLO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CAÍDA DEL TRACTOR O
ATROPELLO DEL EQUIPO:
Cuando no esté cortando, coloque el brazo y el cabezal de la cortadora en el espacio de transporte antes
de moverse.
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NUNCA LLEVE A OTRAS PERSONAS en el tractor o implemento.
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SÓLO OPERE el tractor y el equipo sentado en el asiento del tractor.
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SIEMPRE ABRÓCHESE el cinturón de seguridad al operar el tractor y los equipos.
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SÓLO ENCIENDA el tractor sentado en el asiento del tractor.
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MANTENGA EL SISTEMA ROPS trabado en posición vertical.
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USE tractores equipados con SISTEMA ANTIVUELCO (ROPS) y CINTURONES DE SEGURIDAD para
las operaciones de corte.
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AL SUBIR Y BAJAR DEL TRACTOR:
• APAGUE EL MOTOR Y LA TDF, coloque el freno de mano, descienda del implemento, espere a que se detengan todas las partes móviles y quite la llave antes de bajarse del tractor. PN ROBM-01 SP
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• SÓLO suba o baje del tractor cuando éste y sus partes móviles estén detenidos.
•
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-8
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE OBJECTOS LANZADOS Continuado
NO exceda la capacidad de corte nominal de la cortadora, ni corte elementos que no sean vegetación.
USE CABINAS DE TRACTOR CERRADAS cuando haya dos o más cortadoras operando en un mismo sector.
No opere la cortadora en áreas susceptibles al ataque de abejas o insectos, salvo que USE PRENDAS
PROTECTORAS o una cabina de tractor cerrada.
AJUSTE el cabezal de la cortadora paralelo al suelo y cerca de él sin exponer las cuchillas.
AJUSTE LA ALTURA de corte para EVITAR EL CONTACTO DE LAS CUCHILLAS con objetos sólidos,
como alambres, piedras, postes, cordones, guardarrailes y obstrucciones fijas.
CIERRE la puerta de la cortadora y detenga la operación si se acercan transeúntes a 100 metros (300 pies) a la
redonda de la cortadora.
Mantenga la puerta de la cortadora cerrada cuando corte cerca del suelo.
Abra la puerta sólo para cortar ramas grandes de arbustos o árboles. Cierre la puerta inmediatamente después de
cortar la rama.
NO empuje el cabezal de la cortadora hacia abajo sobre el material para cortarlo, use las puntas frontales de las
cuchillas de la cortadora para cortar el material.
NO opere la cortadora cuando la cortadora esté en posición de transporte.
DETENGA LA CORTADORA de inmediato si las cuchillas entran en contacto con objetos pesados, estructuras
fijas, guardarrailes de metal y estructuras de cemento:
SEGURIDAD
OPERACIÓN DE LA CORTADORA:
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1. LAS CUCHILLAS PUEDEN FALLAR con el impacto y los objetos pueden ser arrojados a gran
velocidad.
2. INSPECCIONE y REEMPLACE las cuchillas dañadas.
3. VERIFIQUE el equilibrio del porta cuchillas y REEMPLÁCELO si está dañado.
NO opere la cortadora en agua PARA EVITAR una posible FALLA DE LAS CUCHILLAS.
EVITE OPERAR LA CORTADORA en reversa:
1. DETENGA EL PT O y retroceda la cortadora.
2. DESCIENDA la cortadora, encienda el PTO y corte hacia adelante.
DESCONECTE el cabezal de la cortadora y espere hasta que las CUCHILLAS dejen de rotar antes de levantar la
cortadora a la posición de transporte..
NO ENCIENDA EL PTO con la cortadora en posición de transporte.
DETENGA la cortadora cuando se produzca VIBRACIÓN EXCESIVA:
1. DETENGA EL PTO Y EL MOTOR del tractor.
2. INSPECCIONE la cortadora para detectar la fuente de la vibración
3. REEMPLACE toda parte dañada o las CUCHILLAS dobladas o dañadas.
DB150 07/11
PN TOBM-02 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-7
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE OBJECTOS LANZADOS
LAS CORTADORAS GIRATORIAS PUEDEN ARROJAR OBJETOS A 90 METROS (300 PIES) O
MÁS EN CONDICIONES ADVERSAS.
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE AL OPERADOR O TRANSEÚNTES COMO CONSECUENCIA DE
OBJETOS ARROJADOS:
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MANTENGA a los transeúntes a 100 metros de distancia (300 pies)
NO OPERE LA CORTADORA SI HAY PERSONAS A MENOS DE 100 METROS(300 PIES), SALVO QUE:
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Todos los PROTECTORES CONTRA OBJETOS ARROJADOS estén colocados y en buen funcionamiento al operar la
cortadora, entre los que se incluyen los deflectores frontales y traseros, los protectores de cadena, los protectores de
acero, las bandas, los faldones laterales y las zapatas antideslizantes.
El Cabezal de la cortadora esta ajusta cerca y paralela al suelo, sin exponer las cuchillas.
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Se ha inspeccionado el ÁREA DE CORTE y se han quitado todos los materiales extraños y residuos.
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NO corte material suelto o cortado previamente si hay TRANSEÚNTES dentro de 100 metros a la redonda.
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Los TRANSEÚNTES estén en el interior de un vehículo cerrado.
ANTES DE OPERAR LA CORTADORA, INSPECCIONE EL ÁREA PARA DETECTAR LA POSIBILIDAD DE
OBJETOSQUE PUEDAN SER LANZADOS:
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QUITE residuos, piedras, cables, alambres, objetos metálicos y cualquier otro objetos extraños del área.
Los alambres, cables, sogas, cadenas y objetos metálicos pueden ser arrojados o salir desprendidos de la plataforma a gran velocidad:
1. MARQUE los objetos que no se puedan quitar.
2. EVITE estos objetos cuando use la cortadora.
INSPECCIÓN DEL ÁREA PARA DETECTAR HIERBA ALTA Y MALEZAS:
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INSPECCIONE Y QUITE cualquier residuo oculto de gran tamaño.
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PASE LA CORTADORA a una altura intermedia
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INSPECCIONE y quite el residuo restante
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PASE LA CORTADORA a la altura final
PROTECCIÓN CONTRA OBJETOS ARROJADOS DE LA CORTADORA:
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MANTENGA todos los protectores contra objetos arrojados en su lugar y en buen funcionamiento al operar la cortadora,
entre los que se incluyen los deflectores frontales y traseros, los protectores de cadena, los protectores de acero, las bandas, los faldones laterales y las zapatas antideslizantes.
NO OPERE LA CORTADORA si falta algún protector contra objetos arrojados, o si éstos están dañados.
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DERECHO DE PASO (autopista) CON LA CORTADORA
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Ninguna protección ofrece una eficacia del 100% en la prevención de objetos arrojados. Para reducir la posibilidad de que
se produzcan lesiones:
Detenga el corte si algún transeúnte se acerca a 100 metros (300 pies) a la redonda de la cortadora.
1. MANTENGA LOS PROTECTORES DE LA CORTADORA, los faldones laterales, la zapatas antideslizantes y
las cuchillas en buen estado de funcionamiento,
2. ELEVE LA ALTURA DE CORTE a 15 CM (6 PULGADAS) como mínimo,
3. INSPECCIONE EL ÁREA con cuidado antes de pasar la cortadora para ELIMINAR el posible riesgo de OBJETOS ARROJADOS,
4. NUNCA PERMITA QUE LAS CUCHILLAS EN MOVIMIENTO ENTREN EN CONTACTO CON OBJETOS
SÓLIDOS como alambres, piedras, postes, cordones, guardarrailes o el suelo. PN TOBM-01 SP
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-6
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
CONECTAR O DESCONECTAR EL IMPLEMENTO DE SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR APLASTAMIENTO POR EL TRACTOR
O IMPLEMENTO:
CUANDO conecte el cabezal de la cortadora al brazo:
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MANTENGA A LOS TRANSEÚNTES LEJOS del tractor y la cortadora.
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Asegúrese de que haya espacio suficiente para elevar y mover el brazo sin golpear objetos
ANTES de conectar y desconectar el cabezal de la cortadora o el brazo:
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APAGUE EL MOTOR DEL TRACTOR, coloque la palanca en “estacionar", ponga el freno de mano y saque la llave.
CUANDO conecte y desconecte el cabezal de la cortadora o el brazo:
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NO se agache o camine debajo del cabezal o el brazo de la cortadora en posición elevada. (Consulte las
Instrucciones en la sección de Operación)
AL CONECTAR LA LÍNEA DE CONDUCCIÓN DEL IMPLEMENTO: (Si está equipado)
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción del implemento se suelte durante la operación:
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LUBRIQUE el anillo de cierre del resorte del yugo para asegurarse de que se deslice libremente sobre el eje de TDF
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ASEGURE las bolas de cierre del yugo en la muesca del eje de TDF.
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PRESIONE y JALE LA LÍNEA DE CONDUCCIÓN del EJE DE TOMA DE FUERZA del tractor y del implemento
para asegurarse de que estén FIRMEMENTE SUJETADOS
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción se rompa durante las operaciones:
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VERIFIQUE que la línea de conducción tenga el largo adecuado entre el eje de PTO y el eje de la caja de cambios
del implement (Consulte las Instrucciones en la sección de Operación))
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Las líneas de conducción demasiado cortas se pueden soltar o romper.
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Las líneas de conducción demasiado largas pueden tocar el suelo.
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Un ensamblaje telescópico de la línea de conducción que toque el suelo no se deslizará y se solidificará.
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Si la línea de conducción toca el suelo, puede atravesar los cojinetes de soporte y romper el eje de TDF(PTO).
COMUNÍQUESE CON EL DISTRIBUIDOR si la línea de conducción del implemento no coincide con el eje de
TDF(PTO) del tractor:
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NO UTILICE UN ADAPTADOR DE TDF(PTO).
El uso de un adaptador de TDF(PTO) puede ocasionar:
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Vibración excesiva, caída de objetos, fallas de la cuchilla y el implemento como consecuencia de la duplicación de la
velocidad operativa.
Mayor extensión de trabajo, lo que deja expuestas áreas desprotegidas de la línea de conducción e implica el riesgo
de enredo con otros objetos. PN CDBM-01
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DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-5
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE APLASTAMIENTO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CAÍDA DEL TRACTOR O ATROPELLO DEL
EQUIPO, VUELCO O APLASTAMIENTO POR LA CAÍDA DE DEL BRAZO O EL IMPLEMENTO:
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USE tractores equipados con SISTEMA ANTIVUELCO (ROPS) y CINTURONES DE SEGURIDAD para las operaciones de corte.
MANTENGA EL SISTEMA ROPS trabado en posición vertical.
SIEMPRE ABRÓCHESE el cinturón de seguridad al operar el tractor y los equipos.
SÓLO OPERE el tractor y el equipo sentado en el asiento del tractor.
AL ELEVAR EL BRAZO DE LA CORTADORA:
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Eleve o descienda SÓLO CUANDO ESTÉ SENTADO en el asiento del tractor, ycon el cinturón de seguridad ajustado.
MANTENGA A LOS TRANSEÚNTES FUERA del área de operación PARA EVITAR accidentes por aplastamiento.
MANTENGA suficiente espacio libre alrededor de los implementos PARA EVITAR el contacto con edificios o cables elevados.
LIFTED Equipment can fall from mechanical or hydraulic failure or inadvertent Control Lever movement.
PARA EVITAR LA CAÍDA DEL EQUIPO al trabajar cerca o debajo del brazo izado, los
componentes y el cabezal de la cortadora:
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SUJETE CON FIRMEZA o bloquee en posición vertical todos los equipos, aletas y componentes elevados.
BLOQUEE EN POSICIÓN VERTICAL y sujete con firmeza el equipo antes de poner las manos, los pies o el cuerpo debajo de los
equipos o componentes elevados.
MANTENGA A LOS TRANSEÚNTES LEJOS del brazo elevado o el cabezal de la cortadora hasta que estén bloqueados de
forma segura.
AL ESTACIONAR el implemento y el tractor:
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DESCIENDA el cabezal de la cortadora hasta el suelo o BLOQUEE las partes elevadas antes de alejarse del equipo.
NUNCA deje un implemento sin atención en posición elevada.
PARA EVITAR LA CAÍDA O EL APLASTAMIENTO DE NIÑOS POR EL EQUIPO:
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NUNCA DEJE que los niños jueguen sobre el tractor o los implementos, ni en sus alrededores.
NO OPERE el equipo sin CABINA CERRADA o PROTECCIÓN SUPERIOR. Las ramas y los residuos que caen pueden causar
lesiones. PN CHBM-01
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-4
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD DEL OPERADOR
LEA, COMPRENDA y SIGA las instrucciones del Manual del Operador, al igual que las Advertencias y Mensajes de Seguridad.
USE GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD, calzado protector, casco, protección auditiva y guantes al operar o reparar el equipo
USE un aparato de respiración apropiado al operar en condiciones polvorientas a fin de evitar contraer enfermedades respiratorias.
NO USE prendas sueltas o joyas que se puedan enredar con las partes giratorias y causar una lesión.
NO CONSUMA DROGAS o ALCOHOL antes o durante la operación del equipo.
NO PERMITA que nadie opere el equipo bajo los efectos negativos de las drogas o el alcohol.
CONSULTE a un médico para conocer los efectos desfavorables de la medicación sobre los sentidos
EVITE EL CONTACTO con superficies calientes tales como silenciadores, bombas hidráulicas, válvulas y tanques.
MANTÉNGASE ALERTA, la operación prolongada puede causar fatiga. HAGA UNA PAUSA y DESCANSE.
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE, SIGA LAS SIGUIENTES INSTRUCCIONES:
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SEGURIDAD DE OPERACIÓN GENERAL
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CONDICIONES DE VISIBILIDAD AL USAR LA CORTADORA:
OPERE LA CORTADORA CON LUZ SOLAR o con luz que aporte una visibilidad nítida de más de 90 metros (100 yardas).
DEBE PODER VISUALIZAR e identificar transeúntes, terrenos empinados, pozos, desniveles, obstrucciones elevadas, cables de
alimentación, residuos y objetos extraños.
Evite retroceder mientras opera la cortadora: la visión es limitada y pueden ocurrir daños o lesiones severas.
NO OPERE el tractor en un recinto cerrado sin ventilación adecuada de los gases de escape.
VELOCIDAD RESPECTO AL SUELO AL USAR LA CORTADORA:
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El rango de VELOCIDAD NORMAL es de entre 1 y 2 millas por hora(1-3kph).
AJUSTE LA VELOCIDAD DE CORTE según las condiciones del terreno y el tipo de césped, la densidad y la altura del corte.
REDUZCA LA VELOCIDAD DE CORTE al acercarse a inclinaciones empinadas, pozos, desniveles, obstrucciones elevadas,
cables de alimentación y para evitar residuos y objetos extraños.
TRACTOR y CORTADORA
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NO OPERE el tractor o la cortadora a menos que hayan recibido el mantenimiento adecuado y funcionen correctamente
DETENGA LA OPERACIÓN si los controles eléctricos o hidráulicos del tractor o la cortadora no funcionan correctamente.
DETENGA LA OPERACIÓN del tractor si los sistemas de frenado o dirección no funcionan correctamente.
NO OPERE el tractor o la cortadora si hay pérdidas de líquido hidráulico.
INFESTACIÓN CON INSECTOS
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No opere en áreas susceptibles al ataque de abejas o insectos, salvo que USE PRENDAS PROTECTORAS o una cabina de tractor cerrada.
VELOCIDAD DE CUCHILLAS DE LA CORTADORA:
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NO EXCEDA LA VELOCIDAD NOMINALES DE RPM DEL IMPLEMENTO.
EVITE superar las velocidades nominales de RPM de la cabaza cortadora, porque puede resultar sobrecalentamiento o fallas en el
componente y las cuchillas.
SEÑALES DE SEGURIDAD:
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REEMPLACE cualquier señal de seguridad faltante, dañada o ilegible
DB150 07/11
PN OSBM-01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-3
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
INSTRUCCIONES DE SEGURIDAD Y PRÁCTICAS GENERALES
El mejor operador es un operador cuidadoso. La seguridad es de importancia fundamental para el fabricante,
y también debería serlo para el propietario u operador. La mayoría de los accidentes se pueden evitar
prestando suma atención al equipo, al ambiente circundante, y tomando algunas precauciones. La primera
sección de este manual incluye una lista de Mensajes de Seguridad que deben observarse para contribuir a
la protección del operador y otras personas frente a lesiones o la muerte. Lea con atención estos Mensajes
de Seguridad antes de ensamblar, operar o reparar este Implemento. Este equipo sólo debe ser operado por
personas que hayan leído el manual, responsables y calificadas, que sepan cómo hacerlo de manera
responsable.
El Símbolo de Alerta de Seguridad se utiliza en combinación con una Señal Verbal, tal como la
que se muestra a continuación, en todo este manual y en los autoadhesivos adheridos a los
equipos. El Símbolo de Alerta de Seguridad significa:
“¡ATENCIÓN! ¡MANTÉNGASE ALERTA! ¡SU SEGURIDAD ESTÁ EN JUEGO!” El Símbolo y
la Señal Verbal tienen el objetivo de advertir al propietario/operador sobre un riesgo inminente y
el grado de lesión que se puede producir al operar este equipo.
Adopte todas las medidas habituales para trabajar en forma segura y, sobre
todo, recuerde que la seguridad depende de USTED. Sólo USTED puede
impedir una lesión grave o la muerte a causa de prácticas no seguras.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, OCASIONARÁ la
MUERTE O UNA LESIÓN MUY GRAVE.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, PODRÍA OCASIONAR la
MUERTE O UNA LESIÓN MUY GRAVE.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, PODRÍA OCASIONAR
UNA LESIÓN MENOR.
Identifica instrucciones o procedimientos específicos que, de no observarse
estrictamente, podrían ocasionar daños o la destrucción de la maquinaria, los accesorios
o el entorno.
NOTA: Identifica aspectos de particular interés para lograr una operación o reparación más eficiente y
conveniente.
LEA CON ATENCIÓN Y RESPETE los siguientes Mensajes de Seguridad. Si no se
siguen cuidadosamente las advertencias e instrucciones indicadas en este Manual y en
los Mensajes de Seguridad del implemento, se pueden producir lesiones graves o la
muerte. Siempre siga las instrucciones de este manual y use el sentido común para evitar
situaciones peligrosas.
NOTA: Si desea obtener una traducción de esta sección de seguridad en alguno de los siguientes idiomas,
comuníquese con: Translations, a la dirección 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 3729529; La Sección de Seguridad está disponible en español, portugués, francés, alemán, ruso. PN GS01 SP
DB150 07/11
Sección de Seguridad 1-2
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
SECCIÓN DE SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-1
© 2011 Alamo Group Inc.
Instrucciones de operaciones antes de la entrega del DISTRIBUIDOR al CLIENTE
El distribuidor deberá informar al comprador de este producto las condiciones, disposiciones y procedimientos de
garantía aplicables; informar la responsabilidad del comprador de capacitar a sus operadores para la operación
segura; revisar el contenido del Manual del Operador, incluido el equipo de seguridad, la operación segura y el
mantenimiento; y revisar las Señales de Seguridad que se encuentran en el implemento (y en el tractor, de ser
posible).
IMPLEMENTOS PLEGABLES: He explicado que no es posible proteger contra objetos arrojados cuando el
cabezal está elevado del suelo y que el operador es responsable de verificar que no existan personas en las
inmediaciones. He explicado que el brazo o cabezal de cortadora elevado puede entrar en contacto con
obstrucciones elevados y dañar cables y líneas telefónicas, y posiblemente causar lesiones. He explicado que
el brazo o cabezal extendido, o el brazo retraído, puede entrar en contacto con cables de alimentación y
causar lesiones o la muerte por electrocución, y que el operador es responsable de evitar dichos riesgos.
•
MÁQUINAS HIDRÁULICAS: He explicado la necesidad de usar aceite hidráulico limpio, cambiar los filtros
según las instrucciones, detener filtraciones, prevenir daños por operar con aceite demasiado caliente, cuidar
las mangueras, usar mangueras del tipo correcto, mantener la presión operativa especificada y prevenir el
posible riesgo de que el aceite penetre en la piel.
•
LÍNEAS DE CONDUCCIÓN: Me he asegurado de que todos los protectores de líneas de conducción, de caja
de engranajes y otros están en buenas condiciones de reparación y firmemente sujetados para prevenir
lesiones por enredo u objetos arrojados.
•
IMPLEMENTOS: He explicado que los deflectores, protectores de cadena o faldones sólidos se deben mantener en buenas condiciones de reparación y se deben instalar, excepto en zonas donde personas, vehículos,
ganado u otros bienes no corran peligro por objetos arrojados, y en los casos en que dichos equipos de seguridad impedirían un desempeño razonable de la cortadora en su tarea asignada.
•
SERVICIO ANTES DE LA ENTREGA
VERIFIQUE Y AJUSTE O LUBRIQUE SEGÚN SEA NECESARIO
Consulte los detalles en el Manual del Operador
Inspección realizada – Garantía y procedimientos de seguridad explicados – Instalación realizada
LUBRICACIÓN E HIDRÁULICA
CONEXIONES DE CORTADORA A TRACTOR
 Caja de engranajes (niveles de aceite)
 Longitud de barra de enganche (verificar y fijar)
 Nivel de aceite hidráulico (tanque externo)
 Pivote y conexiones de bastidor en A
 Nivel de aceite hidráulico del tractor
 Barras de control (ajustadas iguales)
 Mangueras hidráulicas (no retorcidas y ajustadas)
 Altura de eje (ajustar)
 Propulsor de bomba frontal (conjunto ajustado y eje  Altura de corte (ajustar)
bien alineado)
 Verificación de pre-operación de kit de montaje
 Aleta de cortadora (ajustar nivel con el centro)
CORTADORA
 Aleta de cortadora (verificar operación de elevación
 Pernos de husillo y motor bien ajustados
correcta)
 Nivel de aceite del husillo
 Pernos de porta cuchillas bien ajustados/pasadores de  Líneas de conducción C.V. (verificar radio de giro máx.)
 Enganche de tracción (ajuste de altura)
retención colocados
 Piezas metálicas de montaje bien ajustadas
 Nivel y altura de corte de la cortadora ajustados
 Cojinetes del eje de corte lubricados
ELEMENTOS DE SEGURIDAD
 Todas las piezas metálicas bien ajustadas
 Protectores (operación e instalación)
 Presión de aire y neumáticos/tuercas de rueda (bien  Embrague de línea de conducción (limitador de ajuste)
ajustadas)
(ajustar y poner en marcha)
 Cojinetes de rueda (verificar, engrasar y hacer carga  Autoadhesivos de seguridad (colocados)
previa)
 Manual del Operador (entregado)
 Protector de TDF del tractor (instalado)
ACCESORIOS E INSTALACIÓN
 Emblema S.M.V. (instalado de ser necesario)
 Deflectores frontales y traseros
 Gato con lengüeta (instalación y operación)
 Accesorios de trituración
 Cadena de remolque de seguridad (instalada)
 Sentido de giro de las hojas correcto
 Manual de Seguridad de Línea de Conducción ADMA
 Vigas y brazos de eje
 Lengüeta y barras de control (instaladas y ajustadas) (entregado)
 Manual de Seguridad de Cortadora AEM (entregado en
 Todos los pernos, pasadores y tuercas (ajuste
porta manual)
correcto)
 Se mostró el Video de Seguridad de Cortadora AEM al
comprador
Alamo Group Ag. Division está dispuesto a suministrar un (1) Video de
Prácticas de Seguridad para Cortadoras AEM
Por favor enviar:
Video de Seguridad para el Operador de Cortadoras AEM/FEMA – formato VHS
Video de Seguridad para el Operador de Cortadoras AEM/FEMA – formato DVD
Manual del Operador de la Cortadora
Manual de Seguridad del Operador de la Cortadora AEM
Nombre del solicitante:______________________________Teléfono:_________________
Dirección del solicitante:_________________________________
Ciudad:__________________________________
Estado:__________________________________
Código postal:____________________________
Modelo de cortadora:___________________ Número de serie:_______________________
Fecha de compra:______________________Vendedor del distribuidor:________________
Nombre del distribuidor:_________________ Dirección del distribuidor:________________
Enviar por correo a:
AEM Video Services
1502 E. Walnut Street
Seguin, TX 78155
O enviar por fax a:
(830) 372-9529
O enviar por correo electrónico a:
AEMVideo@alamo-group.com
Video de cortadora AEM
A fin de reducir la tasa de accidentes y mejorar la operación segura de las cortadoras, Alamo Group Ag Division
se ha asociado con otros fabricantes de la industria para desarrollar el video y la guía de Prácticas de Seguridad
para Cortadoras Industriales y Agrícolas AEM/FEMA.
El video explica a los operadores de tractores y cortadoras las prácticas seguras que deben adoptar cuando
utilizan cortadoras industriales y agrícolas. Es importante que todos los operadores de cortadoras aprendan
cómo operar sus equipos de corte y puedan reconocer los posibles peligros que pueden surgir al operar una
cortadora. Este video, en conjunto con el manual del operador de la cortadora y los mensajes de advertencia
que se encuentran en la cortadora, serán muy útiles para complementar este aprendizaje tan importante.
Es posible que su distribuidor autorizado de Rhino le haya mostrado este video y le haya entregado una copia
en DVD cuando adquirió su cortadora. Si usted o algún operador de cortadora no vio el video: mire el video, lea
este Manual del Operador, y complete la Guía del Video antes de operar su cortadora nueva. Si no comprende
alguna de las instrucciones del video o del manual del operador, o si tiene alguna pregunta acerca de la
operación segura, comuníquese con su supervisor, con el distribuidor o con Alamo Group Ag.
Si desea recibir una copia del video en VHS, envíe un mensaje de correo electrónico a AEMVideo@alamogroup.com o un fax al (830) 372-9529, o envíe por correo una copia rellenada del formulario que se encuentra al
dorso de esta página a AEM VHS Video 1502 E Walnut Street, Seguin, TX 78155, y solicite la versión en VHS.
Indique su nombre, dirección postal, modelo de cortadora y número de serie.
Cada uno de los operadores debe recibir capacitación para cada equipo (tractor y cortadora), comprender el uso
previsto, y comprender los posibles peligros antes de operar el equipo.
La informacion y material mecionado en la informacion anterior junto con el Manual de Operador puede asistir
en cumplir con los requisitos de OSHA para el entrenamiento anual del Operador.
REQUISITOS DE ENTRENAMIENTO DEL OSHA
Los seguientes requisitos de entrenamiento se an tomoda del Titulo 29, código de la pieza de
regulaciones federales 1928.57 (a) (6). www.osha.gov
Instrucciones del operador. A la hora de la asignación inicial y por lo menos anualmente después de eso, el
empleador mandará a cada empleado quien opera un tractor agricola o implemento en las practicas de
operación segura y el mantenimiento de el equipo con el cual el empleado esté, o estará implicado y de
cualquier otras prácticas dictados por el ambiente laboral.
Al propietario/operador/distribuidor
Este Manual del Operador es una parte esencial de la operación segura de esta máquina y se debe mantener con
la unidad siempre. El implemento incluye un porta manual donde se puede guardar el manual de manera
adecuada. Si el manual se extravía o se daña, puede solicitar otra copia sin cargo a un distribuidor autorizado de
Rhino o descargarlo del sitio web de Rhino (www.servis-rhino.com).
ANTES DE COMENZAR LEA, COMPRENDA y SIGA la información incluida en este manual, el Manual de
Seguridad de la Cortadora AEM y el manual del operador del tractor para conocer cómo operar la máquina y
realizar tareas de servicio correctamente. De lo contrario, podría sufrir lesiones u ocasionar lesiones a terceros.
Todos los implementos con partes móviles son potencialmente peligrosos. Cada esfuerzo ha sido hecho para
asegurar que la màquina esté segura, pero los operadores deben evitar entrar en prácticas peligrosas y seguir las
instrucciones escritas que son proporcionadas. El fabricante ha diseñado este implemento para ser usado con
todos sus equipos de seguridad correctamente sujetados para minimizar la probabilidad de accidentes.
LA SEGURIDAD PRIMERO. Lea con atención la totalidad de la sección de seguridad de este manual antes de
operar el equipo. No permita que nadie opere el equipo sin haber leído y comprendido la totalidad de este manual.
Comuníquese con el distribuidor si necesita explicación sobre alguna instrucción que no haya comprendido del
todo.
Los cuidados que brinde a su Implemento Rhino determinarán en gran medida su satisfacción con el desempeño
y la vida útil del equipo. Lea con atención y siga las instrucciones de este manual para comprender cabalmente su
nuevo implemento, su uso previsto, y sus requisitos de servicio.
Todas las referencias que se hacen en este manual a derecha, izquierda, frontal, trasero, arriba y abajo
corresponden a la perspectiva en el sentido del desplazamiento hacia delante con el implemento correctamente
sujetado al tractor.
La información sobre repuestos se encuentra por separado en el Manual de Partes. Las cortadoras Rhino utilizan
componentes del sistema equilibrados y coincidentes para porta cuchillas, cuchillas, ejes de corte, hojas, ganchos
para hojas, rodillos, componentes de los engranajes, y cojinetes. Estas partes se fabrican y se prueban según las
especificaciones de Rhino. Las partes compatibles no genuinas no siempre cumplen con estas especificaciones.
El uso de partes no genuinas puede perjudicar el desempeño de la cortadora, anular la garantía y presentar un
riesgo para la seguridad. Use partes genuinas Rhino para ahorrar dinero y maximizar la seguridad.
Para referencia futura, registre el número de modelo y el número de serie de RHINO que ha adquirido.
Fecha de compra:
Owner
Teléfono
Distribuidor
Fecha de compra:
Serial Number
Placa de Número de serie
Publicado en 07/11
DB150
CORTADORA CON BRAZO HYDRÁULICO
Parte nº. 02964566C
MANUAL DE OPERADOR
Este Manual del Operador es una parte esencial de la operación segura de esta máquina
y se debe mantener con la unidad siempre. LEA, ENTIENDA, y SIGA las Instrucciones de
Seguridad y Operación contenidas en este manual antes de operar el equipo. C01-Cover
SP
RHINO
®
1020 S. Sangamon Ave.
Gibson City, IL 60936
800-446-5158
Email: parts@servis-rhino.com
©2011 Alamo Group Inc.
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