Blomberg WNF 7341 AE20 Washer User Manual

WATER SOURCE HEAT PUMP MODELS:
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS GTB1-A
GTA3600UD1AA
GTA4860UD1AA
GTADP-3642-B
GTADP-3642-C
GTADP-4860-C
GTC36S2-ADCX
GTC48S2-ADCX
GTC60S2-ADCX
GTC36S2-ADNX
GTC48S2-ADNX
GTC60S2-ADNX
Blower Section
Coil Section
Coil Section
Coil Section
Coil Section
Coil Section
Compressor Section
Compressor Section
Compressor Section
Compressor Section
Compressor Section
Compressor Section
MIS-2830
Earth Loop Fluid
Temperatures 25° - 110°
Ground Water Temperatures 45° - 75°
BMC, Inc.
Bryan, Ohio 43506
Manufactured under the following
U.S. patent number:
8,127,566
Manual:2100-537I
Supersedes:2100-537H
File:
Volume I, Tab 8
Date:10-11-12
Manual2100-537I
Page
1 of 54
CONTENTS
Getting Other Informations and Publications............... 3
General Information Geo-Trio (GT Series)
Water Source Nomenclature..................................................... 4
Blower Conversion & Line Power Connect............................. 15
Application and Location
General
............................................................................. 18
Shipping Damage.................................................................... 18
Application ............................................................................. 18
Dual Fuel Heating / Cooling.................................................... 18
Location ............................................................................. 18
Ductwork ............................................................................. 18
Filters
............................................................................. 19
Condensate Drain................................................................... 19
Piping Access to Unit............................................................... 19
Wiring Instructions
General
............................................................................. 22
Control Circuit Wiring.............................................................. 22
Wall Thermostats & Low Voltage Connections........................ 22
Ground Loop (Earth Coupled Water Loop Applications)
Note
............................................................................. 24
Circulation System Design...................................................... 24
Start Up Procedure for Ground Loop System......................... 25
Ground Water (Well System Applications)
Note ............................................................................. 27
Water Connections.................................................................. 27
Well Pump Sizing............................................................ 27 & 28
Start Up Procedure for Ground Water System........................ 29
Water Corrosion.............................................................. 29 & 30
Remedies of Water Problems.................................................. 30
Lake and/or Pond Installations........................................ 30 & 31
Desuperheater
Sequence of Operation
Blower
............................................................................. 38
Part / Full Load Cooling........................................................... 38
Part / Full Load Heating........................................................... 38
Supplementary Electric Heat................................................... 38
Geothermal Logic Controls...................................................... 38
High / Low Pressure Switch.................................................... 39
Freeze Stat............................................................................. 39
Condensate Overflow ............................................................. 39
Under/Over Voltage Protection................................................ 39
Intelligent Reset....................................................................... 39
Alarm Output........................................................................... 39
Pressure Service Ports............................................................ 39
System Start Up...................................................................... 39
Refrigerant Charge
Line Set Installation (GTA Coil Sections)................................. 42
Charge Adjustment............................................................... 42
Refrigerant Fitting Attachment............................................. 42
Checking Charge Quantity...................................................... 42
General / GTADP Coi Sections............................................... 43
Line Set Installation (GTADP Coil Sections)............................ 43
General / Topping Off System / Safety Practices.................... 44
Service
Service Hints........................................................................... 47
Unbrazing System Components.............................................. 47
Compressor Solenoid.............................................................. 47
Troubleshooting GE ECM 2.3 Motors.............................. 48 & 49
Troubleshooting Table............................................................. 50
Power Connector Table........................................................... 50
Ground Source Heat Pump
Performance Report.................................................51-52
Wiring Diagrams.......................................................53-54
Description ............................................................................. 32
Location ............................................................................. 32
Electrical Connection............................................................... 32
Installation Procedure - General.............................................. 32
Oper. of Heat Recovery Unit................................................... 33
Start Up & Checkout................................................................ 33
Maintenance & Control Board Seq. of Operation............ 33 & 37
Figures
Figure 1A
Figure 1B
Figure 1C
Figure 1D
Figure 1E
Figure 1F
Figure 2A
Figure 2B
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5A
Figure 5B
Figure 5C
Figure 5D
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14
GTA****UD1AA Dimensions.................................. 7
GTADP Fossil Fuel ADP Coil Dimensions............. 8
GTB1-A Dimensions.............................................. 9
GTC**S2-D Dimensions...................................... 10
Assembled Upflow/Counterflow App. ..................11
Horizontal App. Dimensions................................ 12
Upflow & Counterflow Ducting Config................... 13
Horiz. & Counterflow Ducting Config.................... 14
Blower Configuration........................................... 16
Blower Power Connections................................. 17
Upflow Air Filter Applications............................... 21
Counterflow Air Filter Applications....................... 21
Horiz. Left Discharge Air Filter App...................... 21
Horiz. Front Discharge App................................. 21
Thermostat Wiring............................................... 23
Circulation System Design.................................. 24
Temperature & Pressure Measurement............... 26
Perf. Model DORFC-1 Flow Ctr........................... 26
Perf. Model DORFC-2 Flow Ctr........................... 26
Water Connection Components.......................... 28
Cleaning Water Coil............................................. 30
Lake or Pond Installation..................................... 31
Wiring Diagram.................................................... 34
Manual2100-537I
Page
2 of 54
Figure 15A Desuperheater Single Tank System....................... 35
Figure 15B Desuperheater Dual Tank System........................ 36
Figure 16 Thermistor........................................................... 37
Figure 17 Component Location........................................... 40
Figure 18 Control Panel....................................................... 40
Figure 19 Refrigerant Flow Diagrams.................................. 41
Figure 20 Coil Spacer.......................................................... 43
Figure 21 Pressure Tables................................................... 45
Figure 22 Control Disassembly............................................ 49
Figure 23 Winding Test........................................................ 49
Figure 24 Drip Loop............................................................. 49
Figure 25 Control Connector Motor Half.............................. 50
Tables
Table 1
Indoor Blower Performance................................... 5
Table 2
Flow Rates for Various Fluids................................ 5
Table 3
Specifications........................................................ 5
Table 4
Water Coil Pressure Drop...................................... 6
Table 5
Electrical Heat Specifications.............................. 19
Table 6
Filter Sizing Chart................................................ 20
Table 7
Control Circuit Wiring........................................... 22
Table 8
Constant Flow Valves.......................................... 27
Table 9
Pre-Charged Line Set Qty................................... 42
Quick Reference Troubleshooting Chart................................. 46
GETTING OTHER INFORMATION AND PUBLICATIONS
These publications can help you install the air
conditioner or heat pump. You can usually find these
at your local library or purchase them directly from the
publisher. Be sure to consult current edition of each
standard.
National Electrical Code........................ANSI/NFPA 70
Standard for the Installation................ ANSI/NFPA 90A
of Air Conditioning and Ventilating Systems
Standard for Warm Air........................ ANSI/NFPA 90B
Heating and Air Conditioning Systems
Load Calculation for Residential ....... ACCA Manual J
Winter and Summer Air Conditioning
Duct Design for Residential...............ACCA Manual D
Winter and Summer Air Conditioning and Equipment
Selection
Closed-Loop/Ground Source Heat Pump.........IGSHPA
Systems Installation Guide
Grouting Procedures for Ground-Source..........IGSHPA
Heat Pump Systems
Soil and Rock Classification for.......................IGSHPA
the Design of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump Systems
Ground Source Installation Standards..............IGSHPA
Closed-Loop Geothermal Systems...................IGSHPA
– Slinky Installation Guide
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT
THESE PUBLISHERS:
ACCA
Air Conditioning Contractors of America
1712 New Hampshire Avenue
Washington, DC 20009
Telephone: (202) 483-9370
Fax: (202) 234-4721
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
11 West Street, 13th Floor
New York, NY 10036
Telephone: (212) 642-4900
Fax: (212) 302-1286
ASHRAE American Society of Heating Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
1791 Tullie Circle, N.E.
Atlanta, GA 30329-2305
Telephone: (404) 636-8400
Fax: (404) 321-5478
NFPA
National Fire Protection Association
Batterymarch Park
P.O. Box 9101
Quincy, MA 02269-9901
Telephone: (800) 344-3555
Fax: (617) 984-7057
IGSHPA
International Ground Source
Heat Pump Association
490 Cordell South
Stillwater, OK 74078-8018
Manual2100-537I
Page
3 of 54
Geo-Trio™ GT Series Geothermal / Water Source Heat Pump Nomenclature
“A” Coil Section
GT
A
3600
UD
3600 (3 Ton)
4860 (4 & 5 Ton)
Geo-Trio
“A” = Coil Section
1
A
Revision
Level
Series
A
A = E Coated Coils
Option
Fossil Fuel “A” Coil Section
GT
ADP–3642–
Geo-Trio
B = 17.50" Wide Furnace
C = 21.00" Wide Furnace
3642 (3 Ton)
4860 (4 & 5 Ton)
ADP= Advanced
Distributor Products
B
Blower Section
GT
B
1–
Geo-Trio
Revision
Level
B = Blower
Section
A
A = 230 Volt 1-Phase
Option
Compressor Section
GT
C
Geo-Trio
36
S
2
–
S = Step Capacity
A
D
D = Desuperheater
Option
C = Compressor Section
Manual2100-537I
Page 4 of 54
Nominal Capacity
36 = 36K
48 = 48K
60 = 60K
Revision
Level
A = 230 Volt 1-Phase
C
X
X = Future
Use
C = Copper Coil
N = Cupronickel Coil
TABLE 1 — INDOOR BLOWER PERFORMANCE (RATED CFM) 








MODEL
k
Rated
ESP
l
MAX
ESP
m
Continuous
Airflow
n
Mild Climate
Operation
in Part Load
Cooling
GTC36S2
0.15
0.60
600
GTC48S2
0.20
0.60
750
GTC60S2
0.20
0.60
900
o
Part Load
Airflow
Full Load
Airflow
p
Electric Heat
Airflow
q
Minimum Air
Filter Face
Area Ft.2
700
850
1200
1300
2.6
875
1075
1500
1600
3.2
1050
1300
1800
1800
3.6
Motor will automatically step through the various airflows with thermostatic control
ESP = External Static Pressure (inches of water)
Maximum allowable duct static
Continuous airflow is the CFM being circulated with manual fan operation without any additional function occurring.
Will occur automatically for first 5 minutes of Part Load Cooling Operation.
Will occur automatically after five minutes of Part Load Cooling Operation.
Will occur automatically with control signal input.
As per ASHRAE Guidelines of 500 FPM Velocities.
NOTE:
All values can be changed + 10% via the + adjustment dip switches on the tap select control inclusive in the GTB1-A Blower Section (see instructions later in this manual, or on wiring diagram in blower section).
TABLE 2 — FLOW RATES FOR VARIOUS FLUIDS
MODELS
APPLICATION
Ground Loop (15% Methanol, Propylene Glycol, etc.)
Ground Water
Water Loop (Cooling Tower)
GTC36S2
GTC48S2
GTC60S2
8
12
15
6
7
9
9.2
12.1
14.3
TABLE 3 — SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
GTC36S2
Electrical Rating (60HZ/1PH)
GTC48S2
GTC60S2
230/208-60-1
Operating Voltage Range
253-197 VAC
Minimum Circuit Ampacity
24.5
33.1
39.7
+Field Wire Size
#10
#6
#4
Ground Wire Size
#10
#10
#10
++Delay Fuse or Circuit Breaker Max.
35
50
60
COMPRESSOR
Volts
230/208-60-1
Rated Load Amps (230/208)
10.6 / 11.9
Branch Circuit Selection Current
Locked Rotor Amps (230/208)
15.3 / 17.0
20.2 / 22.7
15.3
21.2
25.6
82 / 82
104 / 104
153 / 153
BLOWER MOTOR
Horsepower (ECM Motor)
3/4 Variable Speed
Volts
230/208-60-1
Motor Amps (Stage #2 @ Rated CFM)
3.4
4.3
4.4
FLOW CENTER (Based on DORFC-2)
Volts
230/208-60-1
Amps
2.14
2.14
2.14
DESUPERHEATER PUMP MOTOR
Volts
Amps
+75°C copper wire
230/208-60-1
0.15
0.15
0.15
++ HACR type circuit breaker
Manual2100-537I
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TABLE 4
WATER COIL PRESSURE DROP
Model
GTC36S2
GTC48S2
GPM
PSID
Ft. Hd.
3
0.1
0.23
4
0.5
5
GTC60S2
PSID
Ft. Hd.
PSID
Ft. Hd.
1.15
0.9
2.08
1.2
2.77
1.4
3.23
6
1.7
3.92
2.3
5.31
7
2.3
5.31
3.2
7.38
2
4.61
8
3.1
7.15
4.1
9.46
2.5
5.77
9
4.1
9.46
5.1
11.77
3.2
7.38
10
6.1
14.07
3.9
9.00
11
7.1
16.38
4.7
10.84
12
8.2
18.92
5.5
12.69
13
9.4
21.69
6.4
14.76
14
10.6
24.45
7.3
16.84
15
8.1
18.69
16
9
20.76
17
9.9
22.84
18
Manual2100-537I
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Manual2100-537I
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3 5/16"
2 3/16"
17 5/8"
15 11/16"
2 3/16"
1 1/2"
30"
5 1/8"
3 1/2"
OVERFLOW
MAIN DRAIN
LIQUID CONNECTION
SUCTION CONNECTION
HORIZ. OVERFLOW K.O.
HORIZ. MAIN DRAIN K.O.
19 15/16"
22"
21 5/8"
13 5/8"
10 15/16"
7 1/4"
1 13/16"
CONDENSATE
OVERFLOW WIRES
COATED
DRAIN PAN
COIL
2 3/4"
27 15/16"
MIS-2818
PRIMARY DRAIN HOLE
+.125
- .000
MIS-2876 A
2.25
+.125
16.13
HEIGHT
-.000
SECONDARY DRAIN HOLE
+.125
20.50
WIDTH
-.000
GTA Coil Dimensions If Used Without Cabinet
+.125
28.25
DEPTH
- .000
FIGURE 1A – GTA****UD1AA
A-COIL SECTION DIMENSIONS
FIGURE 1B – GTADP****-*
FOSSIL FUEL ADP COIL SECTION DIMENSIONS
FIGURE 1B - GTADP****-*
FOSSIL FUEL ADP COIL SECTION DIMENSIONS
DIMENSION GTADP-3642-B
"A"
"B"
"C"
"D"
"E"
"F"
"G"
"A"
3/4"
TYP
SUCTION
CONNECTION
3/4"
TYP
3/4"
TYP
21 1/4"
"C"
5 1/4"
"B"
LIQUID
CONNECTION
"E"
OVERFLOW
MAIN DRAIN
17 5/8"
25 1/2"
7 1/4"
2 1/8"
3 7/8"
13 7/8"
15 5/8"
GTADP-3642-C
GTADP-4860-C
21 1/8"
27 1/2"
6 3/4"
2 1/2"
4 1/4"
16 7/8"
18 5/8"
"D"
OVERFLOW
6 1/16"
MAIN DRAIN
1 5/8"
"F"
Manual2100-537I
Page 8 of 54
"G"
MIS-3119
FIGURE 1C – GTB1-A
BLOWER SECTION DIMENSIONS
16 3/8"
30"
13 1/4"
LOW VOLTAGE ENTRANCE
3 5/8"
22"
1 1/4"
HIGH VOLTAGE K.O. FOR
REMOTE APPLICATIONS ONLY
24 9/16"
18 13/16"
21"
15 5/8"
OPTIONAL SIDE RETURN
OPENING ON BOTH SIDES
15"
2 7/8"
3 5/16"
24"
MIS-2819
1 1/2"
Manual2100-537I
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Manual2100-537I
Page 10 of 54
2 1/2"
A
16 1/16"
12 1/4"
9 5/8"
1 7/8"
6 15/16"
1 3/4"
3"
B
WATER IN
LIQUID LINE
DESUPERHEATER
WATER OUT
DESUPERHEATER
WATER IN
SUCTION LINE
WATER OUT
22 1/16"
23 1/16"
30"
8"
4 13/16"
16 15/16"
1 15/16"
MODEL
GTC36S2
GTC48S2
GTC60S2
FIGURE 1D – GTC**S2-D
COMPRESSOR SECTION DIMENSIONS
DIM. B
4 1/8"
3 7/8"
3 3/4"
HIGH VOLTAGE OPTIONAL
FLOW CENTER WIRE ENTRANCE
HIGH VOLTAGE UNIT
POWER ENTRANCE
LOW VOLTAGE WIRE ENTRANCE
DIM. A
21"
20"
18 1/2"
MIS-2820 A
Manual2100-537I
Page
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21"
15 5/8"
23"
65 5/8"
21 5/8"
3/4"
LEFT SIDE
24 9/16"
30"
AIR
ENTRANCE
(UPFLOW ONLY)
31 1/4"
27 7/8"
37 1/16"
51 1/4"
55"
23 7/16"
"A"
59 11/16"
61 5/8"
REFRIGERANT
CONNECTIONS
FRONT
22"
MODEL
GTC36S2
GTC48S2
GTC60S2
30 9/16"
33 1/4"
18 13/16"
28 15/16"
25 3/4"
37 7/8"
WATER IN
DESUPERHEATER
INLET
DESUPERHEATER
OUTLET
WATER OUT
OVERFLOW DRAIN OUTLET
RIGHT SIDE
24 9/16"
30"
AIR
ENTRANCE
(UPFLOW ONLY)
LOW VOLTAGE
HIGH
VOLTAGE
LOW
VOLTAGE
LOW VOLTAGE
TOP
27 15/16"
TOP DUCT OUTLET FLANGE
MAIN DRAIN OUTLET
DIM. A
39 7/16"
40 15/16"
41 15/16"
SECURE SECTIONS TOGETHER
USING BOLT PART #1012-015
AND WASHER PART #1012-109
FIGURE 1E – ASSEMBLED UPFLOW / COUNTERFLOW APPLICATION DIMENSIONS
MIS-2821 B
15 5/8"
57 7/8"
19 13/16"
Manual2100-537I
Page 12 of 54
7
27 8 "
Left Side View
Evaporator Opening
GTHZ1
Horizontal
Drain Pan
(Req'd)
7
19 8 "
Evaporator
Section
1
1
1
28"
32"
22 8 "
1
30"
12"
3
4"
1
31 4 "
Blower
Section
8"
43 8 "
3
Low Voltage
Entrance
1
3
1
28 8 "
21"
18 4 "
1
15"
Horiz. Support Bracket
32"
7
31 8 "
5
36 8 "
14"
Front View
1
38 2 "
Main Drain
Outlet
Overflow Drain
Outlet
Refrigerant
Connections
14"
3
High Voltage
Entrance
Low Voltage
Entrance
Top View
MIS-2824
Right Side View
1
17 8 "
Blower
Opening
24"
NOTE:
Requires
horizontal
drain pan kit
Model GTHZ-1
Evaporator and Blower in Horizontal Position
(Remote Compressor Section)
FIGURE 1F – HORIZONTAL APPLICATION DIMENSIONS
Cond. Coil
Water In
Return
Desuper.
Water In
Desuper.
Water Out
3/8" Line Set
Cond. Coil
Water Out
7/8" Line Set
Main Drain
Secondary
Drain
Evap. Coil
Supply
Return
Blower Air
Blower in
Shipped Position
Return
Control Panel
Upflow
Position
Bottom return upflow and
top return counterflow filter
provision must be field
supplied
One FR23 (16 x 25 x 1) or
field supplied equivalent
required for upflow side
return installation
Air Filter Required
Cond. Coil
Water In
Desuper.
Water In
Desuper.
Water Out
3/8" Line Set
Cond. Coil
Water Out
7/8" Line Set
Main Drain
Secondary
Drain
Supply
Evap. Coil
Return
FIGURE 2A – UPFLOW & COUNTERFLOW DUCTING CONFIGURATIONS
Blower Air
Manual2100-537I
Page
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MIS-2828
Requires Switch #4 on Tap Select
Control to be Turned On.
NOTE:
Blower in
Alternate Position
Control Panel
Counterflow
Position
Manual2100-537I
Page 14 of 54
Evap. Coil
<
>
Refrigerant
Secondary Drain Connections
Blower in
Alternate Position
Blower Air
Supply
Blower in
Shipped Position
See additional information on Pages 19 & 20.
For horizontal attic or crawl space installations filter arrangement must be field supplied & should
be located in readily accessible location for the user.
Bottom return for upflow and top return for downflow must be field supplied.
Upflow installations can use (1) FR23 (16x25x1) or field supplied equivalent on either side of the
blower section. Use of (2) on both sides is optional.
Air Filter Required on Return Air Side for All Installations
Main Drain
Evap. Coil
Horizontal, Right Discharge
Return
Main Drain
Secondary
Drain
Return
Evap. Coil
Supply
Cond. Coil
Water In
Desuper.
Water In
Desuper.
Water Out
Cond. Coil
Water Out
Return
Blower Air
Return
Blower in
Shipped Position
Blower Air
NOTE: Requires horizontal
drain pan kit Model GTHZ-1
Refrigerant
Main Drain
Secondary Drain Connections
Supply
Horizontal, Left Discharge
Return
Return
Counterflow
Position
Refrigerant
Connections
MIS-2826
Model GTLID
Optional Top
Supply
Evap. Coil
Remote Condenser Section
Requires Switch #4
on Tap Select Control
to be Turned On.
NOTE:
Blower in
Alternate Position
Return
Main Drain
Secondary
Drain
Refrigerant
Connections
Upflow
Position
FIGURE 2B – HORIZONTAL & COUNTERFLOW DUCTING CONFIGURATIONS
Blower Air
BLOWER CONVERSION FROM UPFLOW
TO COUNTERFLOW OR HORIZONTAL
RIGHT DISCHARGE
BLOWER LINE POWER CONNECTION
Following the directions on Figure 3 for counterflow and
horizontal right discharge, the indoor blower must be
removed and turned over in its mounting configuration.
The first is in “stacked” configurations, the blower can
be plugged into an electrical connection from the bottom
of the compressor (GTC**S2 Model Unit). This will
work for either upflow or counterflow applications. All
electrical sizing has been sized to accommodate this.
• Step 1
Remove both front service panels from the GTB1-A.
• Step 2
Remove two screws securing blower at top of GTB1-A (See Figure 3), and slide the blower forward and out of the chassis.
• Step 3
Remove two screws from front fill plate on bottom of GTB1-A, and slide both pieces of metal forward and out of chassis.
• Step 4
Dip switch #4 on blower tap select control must be turned “on”. (Refer to Wiring Diagram 4117-100.)
• Step 5
While turning on tap #4 above, adjust the other taps accordingly for the tonnage of unit being applied. (Refer to Wiring Diagram 4117-100.)
• Step 6
Turn blower over and slide into rails of bottom rear of the GTB1-A front fill plate that was removed in Step 3 above.
• Step 7
Remove bottom rear fill plate from bottom front fill plate (discard rear), and resecure front fill plate into unit base and front of blower.
• Step 8
Replace GTB1-A front service doors after making line and control voltage wiring connections.
Power connections for the GTB1-A can be made two
different ways.
The second is with “remote” blower (meaning separate
from the compressor section). Supplied in the GTB1-A
is an adaptor wire harness. On the right-hand side of the
GTB1-A chassis is a ½" electrical knockout. This harness
can be installed through this knockout with the supplied
strain relief into a standard electrical junction box (field
supplied). Electrical load sizing is included on the serial
plate of the GTB1-A for the required separate branch
circuit (See Figure 4).
Manual2100-537I
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Manual2100-537I
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MIS-2842 A
REMOVE BOTH
FRONT PANELS
1
5
4
REINSTALL
FRONT FILL PLATE
ROTATE BLOWER AND SLIDE
INTO BOTTOM OFFSETS
3
2
6
REINSTALL BOTH
FRONT PANELS
REMOVE (2) SCREWS FROM
FRONT FILL PLATE AND SLIDE
BACK FILL PLATE OUT OF CABINET
REMOVE (2) SCREWS
SECURING BLOWER
AND SLIDE BLOWER
OUT OF CABINET
FIGURE 3 – BLOWER CONFIGURATIONS
REINSTALL (2) SCREWS
SECURING BLOWER TO
FRONT FILL PLATE
DISCARD BACK
FILL PLATE
Manual2100-537I
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PLUG BLOWER POWER
CONNECTOR INTO POWER
PLUG PROTRUDING THROUGH
CONDENSER BASE FOR BOTH
UPFLOW AND COUNTERFLOW
STACKED CONFIGURATIONS
FIGURE 4 – BLOWER POWER CONNECTIONS
MIS-2843
REMOVE SUPPLIED
WIRE HARNESS AND
STRAIN RELIEF BUSHING
FROM BLOWER POWER PLUG.
ROUTE WIRE HARNESS
THROUGH STRAIN RELIEF
AND INTO ELECTRICAL BOX
TO MAKE FIELD POWER
CONNECTION
MOUNT FIELD
SUPPLIED SINGLE
GANG ELECTRICAL
BOX ALIGNED OVER
HIGH VOLTAGE K.O.
APPLICATION AND LOCATION
GENERAL
The GT Series Geothermal Heat Pumps feature three sections
(GTA - Air Coil Section, GTB - Blower Section and GTC Compressor Section) which cover upflow (bottom, right/leftside return), counterflow and horizontal (left and right-hand
discharge) applications.
The individual sections are shipped internally wired, requiring
duct connections, thermostat wiring, 230/208 volt AC power
wiring, refrigerant line connections and water piping. The
equipment covered in this manual is to be installed by trained,
experienced service and installation technicians.
For installations requiring the continued use of an
existing gas or oil fired furnace, add-on cased “A” coils
are available. Two 3-ton coils designed to fit standard
“B” and “C” width furnaces and one 4/5 ton coil
designed for a “C” cabinet are available. Refer to Page
4 of this manual for the model nomenclature and the
specification sheet for performance data.
For top discharge oil furnaces, the coil drain pan MUST
be located a minimum of 6 inches above the top of
the furnace cabinet. Two coil spacer accessories are
available to fit Bard oil furnaces:
CSADP2220 22" x 20" x 6"
All models except 140,000 Btu Low-Boy
CASDP2520 25" x 20" x 6"
140,000 Btu Low-Boy only
For all other brands, a coil support system must be field
fabricated to maintain the 6" spacing.
These instructions and any instructions packaged with any
separate equipment required to make up the entire heat
pump system should be carefully read before beginning the
installation. Note particularly any tags and/or labels attached
to the equipment.
While these instructions are intended as a general
recommended guide, they do not in any way supersede any
national and/or local codes. Authorities having jurisdiction
should be consulted before the installation is made.
SHIPPING DAMAGE
Upon receipt of the equipment, the carton should be checked
for external signs of shipping damage. If damage is found,
the receiving party must contact the last carrier immediately,
preferably in writing, requesting inspection by the carrier’s agent.
APPLICATION
Capacity of the unit for a proposed installation should be
based on heat loss calculations made in accordance with
methods of the Air Conditioning Contractors of America.
The air duct system should be sized and installed in
accordance with Standards of the National Fire Protection
Association for the Installation of Air Conditioning and
Venting systems of Other than Residence Type NFPA
No. 90A, and residence Type Warm Air Heating and Air
Conditioning Systems, NFPA No. 90B.
Manual2100-537I
Page 18 of 54
DUAL FUEL HEATING / COOLING
Dual fuel is the combination of a fossil fuel furnace, normally
gas or oil, with a heat pump. In milder weather the heat pump
uses the available outdoor warmth and will transport that heat
into your house cheaper than burning gas or oil. When it gets
very cold, around 35 degrees F., the heat pump automatically
shuts down and the furnace heats the home. This combination
gives you the maximum savings on both heating and cooling
while providing you with ideal indoor comfort.
Dual fuel systems are becoming increasingly popular in lieu
of conventional high efficiency furnaces with air conditioning
due to the energy savings and ease of installation. Today’s
new hi-tech thermostats eliminate the need for complicated
wiring and duel fuel control boards. Bard recommends
using the Honeywell THX9321R5030 Prestige® Thermostat
(Does not include outdoor sensor). Honeywell also offers
the Prestige® Kit 2.0 which includes the THX9321R5030
Prestige® Thermostat, REM5000R1001 Portable Comfort
Control and C7089R1013 Wireless Outdoor Sensor.
LOCATION
The unit may be installed in a basement, closet, or utility room
provided adequate service access is ensured.
These units are not approved for outdoor installation
and therefore must be installed inside the structure being
conditioned. Do not locate in areas subject to freezing in the
winter or subject to sweating in the summer.
Before setting the unit, consider ease of piping, drain and
electrical connections for the unit. Also, for units which will
be used with a desuperheater unit, consider the proximity of
the unit to the water heater or storage tank. Place the unit on a
solid base, preferably concrete, to minimize undesirable noise
and vibration. DO NOT elevate the base pan on rubber or
cork vibration eliminator pads as this will permit the unit base
to act like a drum, transmitting objectionable noise.
DUCTWORK
If the unit is to be installed in a closet or utility room which
does not have a floor drain, a secondary drain pan under the
entire unit is highly recommended.
DO NOT install the unit in such a way that a direct path exists
between any return grille and the unit. Rather, insure that the
air entering the return grille will make at least one turn before
entering the unit or coil. This will reduce possible objectionable
compressor and air noise from entering the occupied space.
Design the ductwork according to methods given by the
Air Conditioning Contractors of America. When duct runs
through unconditioned spaces, it should be insulated with
vapor barrier. It is recommended that flexible connections be
used to connect the ductwork to the unit in order to keep the
noise transmission to a minimum.
WARNING
In applying a duct heater, refer to duct heater installation
instructions for minimum clearance to combustible materials,
maximum allowed inlet air temperatures, and minimum air
volume requirements for KW usage.
CAUTION
NEVER OPERATE MORE THAN 10KW STRIP HEAT WITH GEOTHERMAL HEAT
PUMP OPERATIONAL. USE ADDITIONAL KW STRIP HEAT BEYOND 10KW ONLY IN
EMERGENCY HEAT MODE.
TABLE 5
ELECTRICAL HEAT SPECIFICATIONS
For Use Heater
With
Package
All
GTC*S2
Models
Heater
Package
240 Volts
208 Volts
KW
Amps
BTUH
KW
Amps
BTUH
Minimum
Circuit
Ampacity
Maximum
HACR
Circuit
Breaker
Field
Wire
Size
+
8604-080
240/208-60-1
5.0
20.8
17,065
3.75
18.0
12,799
26.0
30
#10
8604-081
240/208-60-1
9.8
40.8
33,447
7.35
35.3
25,086
52.0
60
#6
8604-082
240/208-60-1
14.7
61.2
50,171
11.0
52.9
37,543
76.6
80
#4
8604-083
240/208-60-1
19.2
81.7
65,530
14.4
69.2
49,147
102.0
125
#1
+ Based upon 75°C copper wire. All wiring must conform to National Electric Code (Latest Edition) and all local codes.
FILTER
PIPING ACCESS TO UNIT
This unit must NOT be operated without a filter installed
on return air side of the system. Insufficient airflow due
to undersized duct systems, inadequate filter size, or dirty
filters can result in nuisance tripping of the high or low
pressure controls. The ductwork and filter sizing must be
designed per ASHRAE/ACCA Guidelines.
Water piping to and from the unit enters the unit cabinet on
the left side of the unit. The connection directly at the unit
is a special double o-ring fitting with a retainer nut that
secures it in place. (It is the same style fitting used for the
flow center connection on ground loop applications.)
Step #1 Refer to Table 1 (Page 4) for specific unit airflow and static application information.
Step #2 Refer to Figures 5A, 5B, 5C and 5D (Page 20) for typical installation filter configurations for your specific application.
Step #3 Refer to Table 6 Filter Sizing Chart (Page 19) matching your airflow and filter configuration to determine proper filter sizing.
NOTE: All double o-ring fittings require “hand tightening
only”. Do not use wrench or pliers as retainer nut can be
damaged with excessive force.
NOTE: Apply petroleum jelly to o-rings to prevent
damage and to aid in insertion.
Various fittings are available so you may then connect
to the unit with various materials and methods. These
methods include 1" barbed fittings (straight and 90°),
1" MPT (straight and 90°), and 1-1/4" hot fusion fitting
(straight only) (see Figure 7).
CONDENSATE DRAIN
Drain lines must be installed according to local plumbing
codes. It is not recommended that any condensate drain
line be connected to a sewer main.
NOTE: This drain line will contain cold water and must
be insulated to avoid droplets of water from compressor
on the pipe and dripping on finished floors or the ceiling
below the unit.
Manual2100-537I
Page
19 of 54
TABLE 6
FILTER SIZING CHART
Filter Nominal Size
Surface Area FT2
Filter Type
Airflow CFM
Capability @ 300
FPM Velocity
Airflow CFM
Capability @ 500
FPM Velocity
Airflow CFM
Capability @ 625
FPM Velocity
Not Recommended
Not Recommended
10" X 20" X 1"
1.39
415
12" X 20" X 1"
1.67
500
14" X 20" X 1"
1.94
580
14" X 25" X 1"
2.43
16" X 20" X 1"
2.22
16" X 25" X 1"
2.78
20" X 20" X 1"
2.78
840
20" X 25" X 1"
3.47
1050
24" X 24" X 1"
4.00
1200
10" X 20" X 2"
1.39
415
700
12" X 24" X 2"
2.00
600
1000
14" X 20" X 2"
1.94
580
975
14" X 25" X 2"
2.43
730
1215
16" X 20" X 2"
2.22
16" X 25" X 2"
2.78
20" X 20" X 2"
20" X 25" X 2"
1" Fiberglass
Disposable
2" Std. Fiberglass
Disposable
730
670
840
670
1120
840
1400
2.78
840
1400
3.47
1050
1750
24" X 24" X 2"
4.0
1200
2000
10" X 20" X 1"
1.39
425
700
12" X 24" X 1"
2.00
600
1000
14" X 20" X 1"
1.94
590
980
14" X 25" X 1"
2.43
730
1215
16" X 20" X 1"
2.22
16" X 25" X 1"
2.78
20" X 20" X 1"
20" X 25" X 1"
1" Pleated Filter
Not Recommended
Not Recommended
670
1115
840
1400
2.78
840
1400
3.47
1050
1740
24" X 24" X 1"
4.00
1200
2000
10" X 20" X 2"
1.39
425
700
870
12" X 24" X 2"
2.00
600
1000
1250
14" X 20" X 2"
1.94
590
980
1215
14" X 25" X 2"
2.43
730
1215
1520
16" X 20" X 2"
2.22
670
1115
1400
16" X 25" X 2"
2.78
840
1400
1740
20" X 20" X 2"
2.78
840
1400
1740
20" X 25" X 2"
3.47
1050
1740
2170
24" X 24" X 2"
4.00
1200
2000
2500
12" X 24" X 4"
2
600
1000
1250
16" X 20" X 4"
2.22
670
1115
1400
20" X 20" X 4"
2.78
840
1400
1740
20" X 25" X 4"
3.47
1050
1740
2170
24" X 24" X 4"
4
1200
2000
2500
2" Pleated Filter
4" Pleated Filter
To self-calcuate for additional filter sizes:
Airflow / Nominal Filter Size (FT2) = Velocity
1600 CFM / 3.47 (20" x 25" filter) = 461 FPM (feet per minute velocity)
Manual2100-537I
Page 20 of 54
AIR FILTER APPLICATIONS
FIGURE 5A
FIGURE 5B
COUNTERFLOW
UPFLOW
AIRFLOW
SINGLE FILTER
CONFIGURATION
"V" FILTER CONFIGURATION
AIR
FIL
TE
R
R
TE
R
TE
FIL
FIL
AI
AIR
R
AIR FILTER
FIL
TE
*
"A" FILTER
CONFIGURATION
*
AIRFLOW
AIRFLOW
A IR
AIR FILTER
AIRFLOW
CENTRAL RETURN GRILLE(S)
(ONE OR MULTIPLE)
AIRFLOW
A IR
AIR FILTER
CENTRAL RETURN GRILLE(S)
(ONE OR MULTIPLE)
R
FIL
TE
*
R
*
*
SIDE INLET(S); ONE OR
BOTH SIDES OR IN COMBINATION
WITH BOTTOM INLET
AIR FILTER
AIRFLOW
AIR FILTER
*NOTE: SINGLE FILTER MAY REQUIRE
A TRANSITION FOR ADEQUATE FILTER
SIZING. SEE FILTER APPLICATION
INFORMATION.
AIRFLOW
*
*NOTE: SINGLE FILTER MAY REQUIRE
A TRANSITION FOR ADEQUATE FILTER
SIZING. SEE FILTER APPLICATION
INFORMATION.
AIRFLOW
AIRFLOW
AIR FILTER
MIS-2881
MIS-2882
FIGURE 5C
FIGURE 5D
HORIZONTAL LEFT DISCHARGE
HORIZONTAL FRONT DISCHARGE
CENTRAL RETURN GRILLE(S)
(ONE OR MULTIPLE)
*NOTE: SINGLE FILTER MAY REQUIRE
A TRANSITION FOR ADEQUATE FILTER
SIZING. SEE FILTER APPLICATION
INFORMATION.
*
AIRFLOW
AIR FILTER
SINGLE FILTER
CONFIGURATION
*
AIR FILTER
*NOTE: SINGLE FILTER MAY REQUIRE
A TRANSITION FOR ADEQUATE FILTER
SIZING. SEE FILTER APPLICATION
INFORMATION.
AIRFLOW
AI
AIRFLOW
R
FIL
TE
R
*
AIRFLOW
AIR FILTER
*
AIRFLOW
AIR FILTER
CENTRAL RETURN
(ONE OR MULTIPLE)
AIR FILTER
*
AIRFLOW
AIRFLOW
"A"/"V" FILTER
CONFIGURATION
AIR
AIRFLOW
FIL
TE
R
*
R
AIR FILTER
A IR
TE
FIL
R
SIDE INLET(S); ONE OR
BOTH SIDES OR IN COMBINATION
WITH BOTTOM INLET
AIRFLOW
A IR
AIR
AIRFLOW
MIS-2883
TE
FIL
FIL
TE
R
MIS-2884
FILTERS SHOULD ALWAYS BE APPLIED IN A MANNER THAT MAKES THEM EASY TO ACCESS & CHANGE.
Manual2100-537I
Page
21 of 54
WIRING INSTRUCTIONS
GENERAL
All wiring must be installed in accordance with the
National Electrical Code and local codes. In Canada, all
wiring must be installed in accordance with the Canadian
Electrical Code and in accordance with the regulations of
the authorities having jurisdiction. Power supply voltage
must conform to the voltage shown on the unit serial plate.
A wiring diagram of the unit is attached to the inside of the
electrical cover. The power supply shall be sized and fused
according to the specifications supplied. A ground lug is
supplied in the control compartment for equipment ground.
The unit rating plate lists a “Maximum Time Delay Fuse”
or “HACR” type circuit breaker that is to be used with the
equipment. The correct size must be used for proper circuit
protection and also to assure that there will be no nuisance
tripping due to the momentary high starting current of the
compressor motor.
CONTROL CIRCUIT WIRING
The minimum control circuit wiring gauge needed to insure
proper operation of all controls in the unit will depend on
two factors.
1. The rated VA of the control circuit transformer.
2. The maximum total distance of the control circuit
wiring.
Table 6 should be used to determine proper gauge of control
circuit wiring required.
For low voltage connections, see Figure #6. There are
multiple options based upon the type of installation in
regards to low voltage electrical connections and what
options are selected. These options include a motorized
valve or motorized valve with end switch for ground water
applications, and optional electric duct heater connections.
NOTE: Review the “lettered triangles” and the
corresponding notes on the lower right-hand corner of
Figure #6. When options are not used, the wires will need
attached to the reference points accordingly.
Example: 1.Control Circuit transformer rated at 50 VA
2.Maximum total distance of control circuit wiring 85 feet.
From Table 7 minimum of 16 gauge wire should be used in
the control circuit wiring.
Manual2100-537I
Page 22 of 54
TABLE 7
CONTROL CIRCUIT WIRING
Rated VA of
Control Circuit
Transformer
50
Transformer
Secondary
FLA @ 24V
Maximum Total
Distance of Control
Circuit Wiring in Feet
2.1
20 gauge - 45
18 gauge - 60
16 gauge - 100
14 gauge - 160
12 gauge - 250
WALL THERMOSTAT SELECTION
The wall thermostat selection is important in that it needs to
be minimally 2-stage heat and 2-stage cool for applications
without electric heat.
For applications with electric heat, the thermostat will need
to minimally be 3-stage heat and 2-stage cool. The second
bank of electric heat (when equipped) should be wired
through a secondary relay for operation only in Emergency
Heat Mode, at which point compressor operation should be
disabled.
Refer to Figure 6 on the following page for typcial
thermostat connections.
Low Voltage Connection
These units use a grounded 24-volt AC low voltage circuit
and require at least a 2-stage heating and a 2-stage cooling
thermostat.
“R” terminal is 24 VAC hot.
“C” terminal is 24 VAC grounded.
“G” terminal is the fan input.
“Y1” terminal is the compressor part load input.
“Y2” terminal is the compressor full load input.
“O” terminal is the reversing valve input. The reversing
valve must be energized for cooling mode.
“L” terminal is the check light output/compressor lockout.
This terminal is activated on high pressure switch, low
pressure switch, condensate overflow, or freeze stat trip.
This is a 24 VAC output.
“W1” terminal is first stage electric heat input. (If
equipped.)
“E” terminal is the emergency heat input. This energizes
the emergency heat relay, and should be utilized to limit
the amount of electric heat with the geothermal heat pump
operational to limit outlet air temperature.
“W2” terminal is the second stage electric heat input. (If
equipped.)
Manual2100-537I
Page
23 of 54
R
B
W1
W2
R
L
G
Y1
Y2
O/B
W2
W1/E
R
L
G
Y1
Y2
O/B
W1
W2
1
3
A
A
Optional Wiring
Field Installed Wiring
Optional
Motorized Valve
With End Switch
(Use with Water/
Water Loop)
2
Y2
Y1
G
C
C
C
NOTE: "O/B" TERMINAL
MUST BE PROGRAMMED
TO ENERGIZE IN COOLING
NOTE: W1=FIRST STAGE AUX. HEAT
W2=SECOND STAGE AUX./EMERGENCY HEAT
8403-060 Tap Select Control
in GTB1-A
Thermostat
B
A
CO
CO
O
Y2
Y1
L
R
C
Terminal Strip
in GTC*S2-D
Black
Optional
Motorized Valve
Without End Switch
(Use With Water/
Water Loop)
Optional
Duct Heater
Green/Red
3 Stage Heat,
2 Stage Cool
Heat Pump
Thermostat
A Coil Overflow
Sensor
4117-102 C
3.) Motorized valve with or without end
switch should be used when installing a
ground water/water loop.
2.) B wire not used when motorized
valve with end switch is present.
1.) A points connect when duct heater
not used.
Notes:
Green
Low Voltage Connection Diagram
White
FIGURE 6
THERMOSTAT WIRING
White/Black
GROUND LOOP
(EARTH COUPLED WATER LOOP APPLICATIONS)
NOTE:
Unit shipped from factory with 75 PSIG low pressure
switch wired into control circuit and must be rewired to 55
PSIG low pressure switch for ground loop applications.
This unit is designed to work on earth coupled water loop
systems, however, these systems operate at entering water
(without antifreeze) temperature with pressures well below
the pressures normally experienced in water well systems.
THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM DESIGN
Equipment room piping design is based on years of
experience with earth coupled heat pump systems. The
design eliminates most causes of system failure.
The heat pump itself is rarely the cause. Most problems
occur because designers and installers forget that a ground
loop “earth coupled” heat pump system is NOT like a
household plumbing system.
Most household water systems have more than enough
water pressure either from the well pump of the municipal
water system to overcome the pressure of head loss in 1/2
inch or 3/4 inch household plumbing. A closed loop earth
coupled heat pump system, however, is separated from the
pressure of the household supply and relies on a small, low
wattage pump to circulate the water and antifreeze solution
through the earth coupling, heat pump and equipment room
components.
The small circulator keeps the operating costs of the system
to a minimum. However, the performance of the circulator
MUST be closely matched with the pressure of head loss
of the entire system in order to provide the required flow
through the heat pump. Insufficient flow through the heat
exchanger is one of the most common causes of system
failure. Proper system piping design and circulator selection
will eliminate this problem.
FIGURE 7
CIRCULATION SYSTEM DESIGN
PIPE FROM
GOUND LOOP
PIPE TO
GROUND LOOP
PUMP MODULE
STRAIGHT BARBED
BRASS ADAPTERS
OPTIONAL VISUAL
FLOW METER
NOTE: IF USED SUPPORT
WITH A FIELD FABRICATED
WALL BRACKET
HOSE CLAMPS
1" FLEXIBLE HOSE
NOTE: APPLY PETROLEUM JELLY
TO O-RINGS TO PREVENT DAMAGE
AND AID IN INSERTION
WATER OUT
WATER IN
Manual2100-537I
Page 24 of 54
MIS-2827 A
START UP PROCEDURE FOR GROUND
LOOP SYSTEM
8. Start the unit in cooling mode by moving the thermostat
switch to cool. Fan should be set for AUTO.
1. Be sure main power to the unit is OFF at disconnect.
9. Check the system refrigerant pressures against the
cooling refrigerant pressure table in the installation
manual for rated water flow and entering water
temperatures. If the refrigerant pressures do not match,
check for airflow problem then refrigeration system
problem.
2. Set thermostat system switch to OFF, fan switch to
AUTO.
3. Move main power disconnect to ON. Except as required
for safety while servicing, DO NOT OPEN THE UNIT
DISCONNECT SWITCH.
4. Check system airflow for obstructions.
A. Move thermostat fan switch to ON. Blower runs.
B. Be sure all registers and grilles are open.
C. Move thermostat fan switch to AUTO. Blowing should stop.
5. Flush, fill and pressurize the closed loop system per
IGSHPA guidelines.
6. Fully open the manual inlet and outlet valves. Start the
loop pump module circulator(s) and check for proper
operation. If circulator(s) are not operating, turn off
power and diagnose the problem.
7. Check fluid flow using a direct reading flow meter or a
single water pressure gauge, measure the pressure drop
at the pressure/temperature plugs across the water coil.
Compare the measurement with flow versus pressure
drop table to determine the actual flow rate. If the flow
rate is too low, recheck the selection of the loop pump
module model for sufficient capacity. If the module
selection is correct, there is probably trapped air or a
restriction in the piping circuit.
10.Switch the unit to the heating mode by moving the
thermostat switch to heat. Fan should be set for AUTO.
11. Check the refrigerant system pressures against the
heating refrigerant pressure table in installation manual.
Once again, if they do not match, check for airflow
problems and then refrigeration system problems.
NOTE: If a charge problem is determined (high or low):
A. Check for possible refrigerant leaks.
B. Recover all remaining refrigerant from unit and repair leak.
C. Evacuate unit down to 29 inches of vacuum.
D. Recharge the unit with refrigerant by weight.
This is the only way to insure a proper charge.
Manual2100-537I
Page
25 of 54
FIGURE 8
FIGURE 8
Thermometer
Thermometer
NOTE: Slide retaining cap back to expose
double
o-rings.
petroleum
jellytotoexpose
o-rings
NOTE:
SlideApply
retaining
cap back
to prevent
damage Apply
and aidpetroleum
in insertion
double o-rings.
jelly to o-rings
to prevent damage and aid in insertion
Dial face pressure guage
withDial
guage
faceadaptor
pressure guage
with guage adaptor
50
40
30
60
70
50
60
20
70 90
80
100
30
10
0
Retaining cap, hand tighten only
80
40
110
20
120
10
0
Retaining cap, hand tighten only
90
100
110
120
Pete's test plug
Pete's test plug
Test plug cap
Test plug cap
Barbed 90° adapter
Barbed 90° adapter
MIS-2622 A
MIS-2622 A
FIGURE 9
PERFORMANCE MODEL DORFC-1 FLOW CENTER
35
30
Head (Feet)
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Flow (GPM)
FIGURE 10
PERFORMANCE MODEL DORFC-2 FLOW CENTER
70
60
Head (Feet)
50
40
30
20
10
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Flow (GPM)
Manual2100-537I
Page 26 of 54
Manual 2100-537G
Page
25 of 52
GROUND WATER
(WELL SYSTEM APPLICATIONS)
NOTE:
Unit shipped from factory with 60 PSIG low pressure
switch wired into control circuit for ground water
applications.
WATER CONNECTIONS
It is very important that an adequate supply of clean, noncorrosive water at the proper pressure be provided before
the installation is made. Insufficient water, in the heating
mode for example, will cause the low pressure switch to
trip, shutting down the heat pump. In assessing the capacity
of the water system, it is advisable that the complete water
system be evaluated to prevent possible lack of water or
water pressure at various household fixtures whenever the
heat pump turns on. All plumbing to and from the unit is to
be installed in accordance with local plumbing codes. The
use of plastic pipe, where permissible, is recommended to
prevent electrolytic corrosion of the water pipe. Because
of the relatively cold temperatures encountered with well
water, it is strongly recommended that the water lines
connecting the unit be insulated to prevent water droplets
from condensing on the pipe surface.
Refer to piping, Figure 11. Slow open/close with End
Switch (2), 24V, provides on/off control of the water flow to
the unit. Refer to the wiring diagram for correct hookup of
the valve solenoid coil.
Constant Flow Valve (3) provides correct flow of water to
the unit regardless of variations in water pressure. Observe
the water flow direction indicated by the arrow on the side
of the valve body. Following is a table showing which
valve is to be installed with which heat pump.
TABLE 8
CONSTANT FLOW VALVES
Part No.
Min. Available
Pressure PSIG
Flow Rate
GPM
CFV-5
15 (1)
5
CFV-6
15 (1)
6
CFV-7
15 (1)
7
CFV-9
15 (1)
9
CFV-10
15 (1)
10
Strainer (8) installed upstream of water coil inlet to collect
foreign material which would clog the flow valve orifice.
The figure shows the use of shutoff valves (4) and (5), on
the in and out water lines to permit isolation of the unit from
the plumbing system should future service work require this.
Globe valves should not be used as shutoff valves because
of the excessive pressure drop inherent in the valve design.
Instead use gate or ball valves as shutoffs, so as to minimize
pressure drop.
Hose bib (6) and (7), and tees should be included to permit
acid cleaning the refrigerant-to-water coil should such
cleaning be required. See WATER CORROSION.
Hose bib (1) provides access to the system to check water
flow through the constant flow valve to insure adequate
water flow through the unit. A water meter is used to check
the water flow rate.
WELL PUMP SIZING
Strictly speaking, sizing the well pump is the responsibility
of the well drilling contractor. It is important, however,
that the HVAC contractor be familiar with the factors that
determine what size pump will be required. Rule of thumb
estimates will invariably lead to under or oversized well
pumps. Undersizing the pump will result in inadequate
water to the whole plumbing system, but with especially bad
results to the heat pump – NO HEAT / NO COOL calls will
result. Oversized pumps will short cycle and could cause
premature pump motor or switch failures.
The well pump must be capable of supplying enough water
and at an adequate pressure to meet competing demands of
water fixtures. The well pump must be sized in such a way
that three requirements are met:
1. Adequate flow rate in GPM.
2. Adequate pressure at the fixture.
3. Able to meet the above from the depth of the
well-feet of lift.
(1) The pressure drop through the constant flow valve will
vary depending on the available pressure ahead of the valve.
Unless minimum of 15 psig is available immediately ahead
of the valve, no water will flow.
Manual2100-537I
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the piping is not undersized, which would create too much
pressure due to friction loss. High pressure losses due to
undersized pipe will reduce efficiency and require larger
pumps and could also create water noise problems.
The pressure requirements put on the pump are directly
affected by the diameter of pipe being used, as well as,
by the water flow rate through the pipe. The worksheet
included in Manual 2100-078 should guarantee that the
well pump has enough capacity. It should also ensure that
FIGURE 11
WATER CONNECTION COMPONENTS
NOTE:
Shown with Optional Top Kit for
Remote Condenser Applications
1
2
3
4
MIS-2825
5
6
7
8
See descriptions for these reference numbers on Page 27.
Manual2100-537I
Page 28 of 54
SYSTEM START UP PROCEDURE FOR
GROUND WATER APPLICATIONS
1. Be sure main power to the unit is OFF at disconnect.
2. Set thermostat system switch to OFF, fan switch to
AUTO.
3. Move main power disconnect to ON. Except as required
for safety while servicing – DO NOT OPEN THE UNIT
DISCONNECT SWITCH.
4. Check system airflow for obstructions.
A. Move thermostat fan switch to ON. Blower runs.
B. Be sure all registers and grilles are open.
C. Move thermostat fan switch to AUTO. Blower should stop.
5. Fully open the manual inlet and outlet valves.
6. Check water flow.
A.
B. Check the water flow rate through constant flow valve to be sure it is the same as the unit is rated for. (Example: 6 GPM for a GTC36S2.)
Connect a water flow meter to the drain cock between the constant flow valve and the solenoid valve. Run a hose from the flow meter to a drain or sink. Open the drain cock.
C. When water flow is okay, close drain cock and remove the water flow meter. The unit is now
ready to start.
7. Start the unit in cooling mode by moving the thermostat
switch to cool. Fan should be set for AUTO.
A. Check to see the solenoid valve opened.
8. Check the system refrigerant pressures against the cooling
refrigerant pressure table in the installation manual for
rated water flow and entering water temperatures. If
the refrigerant pressures do not match, check for airflow
problem and then refrigeration system problem.
9. Switch the unit to the heat mode by moving the
thermostat switch to heat. Fan should be set for AUTO.
A. Check to see the solenoid valve opened again.
10.Check the refrigerant system pressures against the heating
refrigerant pressure table in installation manual. Once
again, if they do not match, check for airflow problems
and then refrigeration system problems.
NOTE: If a charge problem is determined (high or low):
A. Check for possible refrigerant loss.
B. Discharge all remaining refrigerant from unit.
C. Evacuate unit down to 29 inches of vacuum.
D. Recharge the unit with refrigerant by weight.
This is the only way to insure proper charge.
WATER CORROSION
Two concerns will immediately come to light when
considering a water source heat pump, whether for ground
water or for a ground loop application: Will there be
enough water? And, how will the water quality affect the
system?
Water quantity is an important consideration and one which
is easily determined. The well driller must perform a pump
down test on the well according to methods described by
the National Well Water Association. This test, if performed
correctly, will provide information on the rate of flow and
on the capacity of the well. It is important to consider the
overall capacity of the well when thinking about a water
source heat pump because the heat pump may be required to
run for extended periods of time.
The second concern, about water quality, is equally
important. Generally speaking, if the water is not offensive
for drinking purposes, it should pose no problem for
the heat pump. The well driller or local water softening
company can perform tests which will determine the
chemical properties of the well water.
Water quality problems will show up in the heat pump in
one or more of the following ways:
1. Decrease in water flow through the unit.
2. Decreased heat transfer of the water coil (entering to
leaving water temperature difference is less).
There are four main water quality problems associated with
ground water. These are:
1. Biological Growth. This is the growth of microscopic
organisms in the water and will show up as a slimy
deposit throughout the water system. Shock treatment
of the well is usually required and this is best left up
to the well driller. The treatment consists of injecting
chlorine into the well casing and flushing the system
until all growth is removed.
2. Suspended Particles in the Water. Filtering will
usually remove most suspended particles (fine sand,
small gravel) from the water. The problem with
suspended particles in the water is that it will erode
metal parts, pumps, heat transfer coils, etc. So long
as the filter is cleaned and periodically maintained,
suspended particles should pose no serious problem.
Consult with your well driller.
3. Corrosion of Metal. Corrosion of metal parts results
from either highly corrosive water (acid water, generally
not the case with ground water) or galvanic reaction
between dissimilar metals in the presence of water. By
using plastic plumbing or dielectric unions, galvanic
reaction is eliminated. The use of corrosion resistant
materials such as the Cupronickel coil through the water
system will reduce corrosion problems significantly.
Manual2100-537I
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4. Scale Formation. Of all the water problems, the
formation of scale by ground water is by far the most
common. Usually this scale is due to the formation of
calcium carbonate but magnesium carbonate or calcium
sulfate may also be present. Carbon dioxide gas (CO2),
the carbonate of calcium and magnesium carbonate,
is very soluble in water. It will remain dissolved in
the water until some outside factor upsets the balance.
This outside influence may be a large change in water
temperature or pressure. When this happens, enough
carbon dioxide gas combines with dissolved calcium or
magnesium in the water and falls out of solution until a
new balance is reached. The change in temperature that
this heat pump produces is usually not high enough to
cause the dissolved gas to fall out of solution. Likewise,
if pressure drops are kept to a reasonable level, no
precipitation of carbon dioxide should occur.
LAKE AND POND INSTALLATIONS
REMEDIES OF WATER PROBLEMS
A. A lake or pond should be at least 1 acre (40,000 square
feet) in surface area for each 50,000 BTUs of ground
water heat pump capacity or have 2 times the cubic feet
size of the dwelling that you are trying to heat (includes
basement if heated).
Lakes and ponds can provide a low cost source of water
for heating and cooling with a ground water heat pump.
Direct usage of the water without some filtration is not
recommended as algae and turbid water can foul the water to
refrigerant heat exchanger. Instead, there have been very
good results using a dry well dug next to the water line
or edge. Normal procedure in installing a dry well is to
backhoe a 15 to 20 foot hole adjacent to the body of water
(set backhoe as close to the water’s edge as possible). Once
excavated, a perforated plastic casing should be installed
with gravel backfill placed around the casing. The gravel
bed should provide adequate filtration of the water to allow
good performance of the ground water heat pump.
The following is a list of recommendations to follow when
installing this type of system:
Water Treatment. Water treatment can usually be
economically justified for water loop systems. However,
because of the large amounts of water involved with a
ground water system, water treatment is generally too
expensive.
B. The average water depth should be at least 4 feet and
there should be an area where the water depth is at least
12 to 15 feet deep.
Acid Cleaning the Water Coil or Heat Pump Recovery
Unit. If scaling of the coil is strongly suspected, the coil
can be cleaned up with a solution of Phosphoric Acid (food
grade acid). Follow the manufacturer’s directions for
mixing, use, etc. Refer to the “Cleaning Water Coil”, Figure
12. The acid solution can be introduced into the heat pump
coil through the hose bib A. Be sure the isolation valves are
closed to prevent contamination of the rest of the system by
the coil. The acid should be pumped from a bucket into the
hose bib and returned to the bucket through the other hose
bib B. Follow the manufacturer’s directions for the product
used as to how long the solution is to be circulated, but it is
usually circulated for a period of several hours.
FIGURE 12
CLEANING WATER COIL
HOSE BIB (A)
HOSE BIB (B)
PUMP
MIS-2836
Manual2100-537I
Page 30 of 54
C. If possible, use a submersible pump suspended in the
dry well casing. Jet pumps and other types of suction
pumps normally consume more electrical energy than
similarly sized submersible pumps. Pipe the unit the
same as a water well system.
D. Size the pump to provide necessary GPM for the ground
water heat pump. A 12 GPM or greater water flow rate
is required on all models when used on this type system.
E. A pressure tank should be installed in dwelling to be
heated adjacent to the ground water heat pump. A
pressure switch should be installed at the tank for pump
control.
F. All plumbing should be carefully sized to compensate
for friction losses, etc., particularly if the pond or lake is
over 200 feet from the dwelling to be heated or cooled.
G. Keep all water lines below low water level and below
the frost line.
H. Most installers use 4-inch field tile (rigid plastic or
corrugated) for water return to the lake or pond.
I. The drain line discharge should be located at least 100
feet from the dry well location.
J. The drain line should be installed with a slope of 2
inches per 10 feet of run to provide complete drainage
of the line when the ground water heat pump is not
operating. This gradient should also help prevent
freezing of the discharge where the pipe terminates
above the frost line.
K. Locate the discharge high enough above high water
level so the water will not back up and freeze inside the
drain pipe.
L. Where the local conditions prevent the use of a gravity
drainage system to a lake or pond, you can instead run
standard plastic piping out into the pond below the frost
and low water level.
WARNING
Thin ice may result in the vicinity of the
discharge line.
For complete information on water well systems and lake
and pond applications, refer to Manual 2100-078 available
from your distributor.
FIGURE 13
LAKE OR POND INSTALLATION
WELL CAP
ELECTRICAL LINE
PITLESS ADAPTER
TO PRESSURE
TANK
WATER
SUPPLY LINE
GRAVEL FILL
12’
to
15’
LAKE
or
POND
WATER LEVEL
DROP
PIPE
15’ to 20’
DEEP
PERFORATED
PLASTIC CASING
SUBMERSIBLE
PUMP
Manual2100-537I
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DESUPERHEATER
DESCRIPTION
The system is designed to heat domestic water using heat
recovered from a water source unit’s hot discharge gas.
LOCATION
Because of potential damage from freezing or condensation,
the unit must be located in a conditioned space, therefore the
unit must be installed indoors.
Locate the storage tank as close to the geothermal heat
pump and pump module as the installation permits. Keep
in mind that water lines should be a maximum of 25 feet
long measured one way. Also, the vertical lift should not
exceed 20 feet. This is to keep pressure and heat losses to a
minimum.
ELECTRICAL CONNECTION
The Desuperheater:
The desuperheater logic control with the remote thermal
sensors are built already hard-wired into the unit control
panel. 208/230-60-1 power for the desuperheater pump is
supplied with the same power as the compressor. The 24
volt signals needed are also tied in with the compressor call
signals.
WARNING
Never alter or plug factory installed pressure
relief valve on water heater or auxiliary tank.
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE –
GENERAL
Before beginning the installation, turn off all power supplies
to the water heater and unit, and shut off the main water
supply line.
TWO TANK – In order to realize the maximum energy
savings from the heat recovery system, it is recommended
that a second water storage tank be installed in addition to
the main hot water heater. Fossil fuel fired water heaters
must be a two-tank installation.
Tanks specifically intended for hot water storage are
available from water heater manufacturers (solar hot water
storage tanks). A well insulated electric water heater
without the electric heating elements will also make a
suitable storage tank.
The size of storage tank should be as large as space and
economy permit but in no event should it be less than onehalf of the daily water requirements for the occupants. As a
guide in estimating the daily family water requirements, The
Department of Energy recommends a figure of 16.07 gallons
of hot water per day per individual. For example, a family
of four would require 64.3 gallons per day (4 x 16.07).
ONE TANK – The single hot water tank may be a new hot
water heater (sized to 100% of daily water requirements) or
the existing water heater in the case of a retrofit installation.
The existing water heater should be drained and flushed to
remove all loose sediment. This sediment could damage the
circulating pump. The bottom heating element should be
disconnected.
NOTE: Make sure water heater thermostats are set below
125° on One Tank Unit.
WATER PIPING – All water piping must adhere to all state
and local codes. Refer to piping diagrams for recommended
one and two tank installations. Piping connections are 1/2
inch nominal copper plumbing.
A cleanable “Y” type strainer should also be included to
collect any sediment.
Manual2100-537I
Page 32 of 54
DESUPERHEATER
OPERATION OF THE HEAT RECOVERY
UNIT
The pump module is a very simple device containing basic
controls and a circulating pump. Heat is transferred from
the hot refrigerant (discharge gas) to the cool water.
The operation of the Desuperheater Pump Module is
controlled first by the operation of the Geothermal Heat
Pump and secondly by internal controls within the Pump
Module. A low voltage signal from Thermostat “Y” is
connected to the desuperheater control board and acts as the
primary on/off switch for the circulating pump.
Also connected to this board is a temperature overlimit
device which shuts down the desuperheater once inlet
water has exceeded 125° so the water cannot create a scald
condition.
There are also two (2) thermistor sensors connected to
the control board. These thermistors are measuring and
controlling to ensure there is a positive heat differential
across the water being circulated. When operating in Part
Load Condition, there are certain conditions (Ground Loop
Temperatures versus Hot Water Temperatures) that potential
exists where heat could transfer from the hot water into
the refrigeration system instead of the refrigeration system
into the hot water. Through the control board logic, these
thermistors ensure there is at least 2° positive differential
between entering/leaving water temperatures and will shut
down the pump accordingly.
START UP AND CHECK OUT
Be sure all shut off valves are open and all power supplies
are on. Open a hot water faucet to permit any air to bleed
from the plumbing.
NOTE: The inherent design of this pump for maximum
efficiency means this pump is not self-priming. It is
imperative to check that the air has been adequately bled
from the system. There is a bleed-port built into the pump
module that can be utilized after the system water has been
fully restored. The bleed port is located directly above the
pump in the GTC compressor unit.
Turn ON the air conditioning system and verify the
circulating pump will operate. Feel the “Water to Unit” and
“Water from Water Heater” tubes for noticeable difference
in temperature. Turn OFF the system and verify that the
circulating pump stops.
NOTE: When checking the refrigerant operating pressures
of the ground source heat pump. The desuperheater
must be turned off. With the desuperheater operating a
wide variance in pressures can result, giving the service
technician the indication there is a charge problem when the
unit is operating correctly.
MAINTENANCE
CLEANING THE HEAT EXCHANGER – If scaling of
the coil is strongly suspected, the coil can be cleaned with
a solution of phosphoric acid (food grade acid). Follow the
manufacturer’s directions for the proper mixing and use of
cleaning agent.
Manual2100-537I
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FIGURE 14
WIRING DIAGRAM
COMPRESSOR CONTACTOR SIGNAL
FROM GEOTHERMAL LOGIC CONTROL
3 AMP
FUSE
NC
LINE VOLTAGE
N
OUTLET
WATER SENSORS
C
NO
INLET
TSTAT
3
CONTROL
LOGIC
PUMP OUTLET
2
POWER
1
N
DESUPERHEATER
PUMP PLUG
L
BLACK
RED
C
24VAC
BLACK
C
R
RED
R
DESUPERHEATER
PUMP CONTROL
Y
GTC LOW VOLTAGE
TERMINAL STRIP
BLACK
BLACK
BLACK
BLACK
OVER TEMP. LIMIT
L
RED
RED
PUMP
MOTOR
RED
BLACK
MIS-2844
BI-METAL
TEMPERATURE
LIMIT
208/230-60-1
LINE POWER
Manual2100-537I
Page 34 of 54
THERMISTOR
THERMISTOR
Manual2100-537I
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EXISTING WATER HEATER
L.P., GAS, OIL, ELECTRIC
WATER HEATER FACTORY
INSTALLED HIGH PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
HOT WATER
TO HOUSE
HIGH PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
IN
WATER SOURCE UNIT
DRAIN
SHUTOFF
VALVES
STRAINER
OUT
OPTIONAL
CHECK VALVE
(PER CODES)
COLD WATER IN
OUT
IN
MIS-2831
DESUPERHEATER PUMP
SHIPPED DISCONNECTED
FROM FACTORY, CONNECT
3 PIN POWER PLUG TO
CONTROL PANEL
WHEN WATER STORAGE IS INSTALLED IN VERTICAL
POSITION, PIPING TO "IN" SIDE OF PUMP MUST BE
INSTALLED AT BOTTOM AS SHOWN.
ALL PLUMBING MUST CONFORM TO LOCAL CODES
NOTES: DO NOT OPERATE PUMP WITHOUT WATER LINES
CONNECTED AND WATER IN SYSTEM WITH SHUT OFF
VALVES OPEN.
FIGURE 15A – DESUPERHEATER SINGLE TANK SYSTEM
Manual2100-537I
Page 36 of 54
OUT
ADDITIONAL HOT WATER
STORAGE TANK. NOT
ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED
DRAIN
EXISTING WATER HEATER
L.P., GAS, OIL, ELECTRIC
WATER HEATER
FACTORY INSTALLED
HIGH PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVES
HOT WATER
TO HOUSE
IN
IN
SHUTOFF VALVES
OPTIONAL
CHECK VALVE
(PER CODES)
OPTIONAL
BYPASS LOOP
COLD WATER IN
WATER SOURCE UNIT
DRAIN
SHUTOFF
VALVES
STRAINER
OUT
HIGH PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
OUT
IN
MIS-2832
DESUPERHEATER PUMP
SHIPPED DISCONNECTED
FROM FACTORY, CONNECT
3 PIN POWER PLUG TO
CONTROL PANEL
WHEN WATER STORAGE IS INSTALLED IN VERTICAL
POSITION, PIPING TO "IN" SIDE OF PUMP MUST BE
INSTALLED AT BOTTOM AS SHOWN.
ALL PLUMBING MUST CONFORM TO LOCAL CODES
NOTES: DO NOT OPERATE PUMP WITHOUT WATER LINES
CONNECTED AND WATER IN SYSTEM WITH SHUT OFF
VALVES OPEN.
FIGURE 15B – DESUPERHEATER DUAL TANK SYSTEM
DESUPERHEATER CONTROL BOARD
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
The desuperheating control board will make a
determination whether or not to energize the pump
relay inclusive on the control board.
A. It will constantly monitor inputs from two
temperature sensors, Inlet & Outlet water sensors.
B. It will constantly monitor the Y signal.
C. Upon acknowledgment of Y signal, and following
two minutes, the control board will energize the
pump relay.
D. After 1½ minutes, based on temperature difference
between Outlet & Inlet sensors, and the presence of
Y signal, the following will take place:
1.) If temperature difference is greater than 3°F, then the control will continue to energize pump relay.
2.) If temperature difference is less than 3°F, then the control will de-energize the pump relay.
3.) The control will next wait for 10 minutes before repeating Step #1 (above).
E. The Over Temperature Limit Switch is placed in
series with the line voltage. Therefore, continuity
between L of line voltage and L of pump output is
forced broken when the Over Temperature Limit
Switch opens (see Wiring Diagram).
F. The 3-amp fuse is put in series with the R
connection to the board. Whenever the fuse
is blown, the control will lose power and
consequently, the relay will disengage.
Figure 16 — THERMISTOR
TEMPERATURE F VS RESISTANCE R OF TEMPERATURE SENSOR
F
R
F
R
53.0
52.0
53.0
54.0
55.0
56.0
57.0
58.0
59.0
60.0
61.0
62.0
63.0
64.0
65.0
66.0
67.0
68.0
69.0
70.0
71.0
72.0
73.0
74.0
75.0
76.0
77.0
78.0
79.0
80.0
81.0
82.0
83.0
84.0
85.0
86.0
87.0
88.0
19374
18867
18375
17989
17434
16984
16547
16122
15710
15310
14921
14544
14177
13820
13474
13137
12810
12492
12183
11883
11591
11307
11031
10762
10501
10247
10000
9760
9526
9299
9077
8862
8653
8449
8250
8057
7869
7686
89.0
90.0
91.0
92.0
93.0
94.0
95.0
96.0
97.0
98.0
99.0
100.0
101.0
102.0
103.0
104.0
105.0
106.0
107.0
108.0
109.0
110.0
111.0
112.0
113.0
114.0
115.0
116.0
117.0
118.0
119.0
120.0
121.0
122.0
123.0
124.0
7507
7334
7165
7000
6840
6683
6531
6383
6239
6098
5961
5827
5697
5570
5446
5326
5208
5094
4982
4873
4767
4663
4562
4464
4367
4274
4182
4093
4006
3921
3838
3757
3678
3601
3526
3452
Manual2100-537I
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SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
BLOWER
PART LOAD HEATING (No Electric Heat)
Blower functions are all controlled through 24 VAC input
signals from the control thermostat and 208/230 VAC being
supplied to the motor continuously.
When thermostat system is placed in HEAT, the reversing
valve solenoid is no longer energized. On a call for part
load heating, the thermostat completes a call from “R” to
“Y1” sending the signal to both the Tap Select Control
located in the blower compartment, and to the Geothermal
Logic Control located in the compressor section. The
tap select control uses the input signal versus the motor
program, and the dip switch settings to determine the proper
air volume rate to operate. The Geothermal Logic Control
verifies that the High Pressure Switch, the Low Pressure
Switch, and the Freeze Stat controls are all in the “closed”
position. It then energizes the “A” terminal output to start
the flow center (Ground Loop Applications) or energizes the
water solenoid (Ground Water/Water Loop Applications.)
Following 10 seconds of the “A” terminal energization, the
compressor contactor is energized.
The installer must be sure to configure the tap select control
board (located in blower compartment) based upon the
specific model application. By default, the tap select control
(located in the blower compartment), is shipped from the
factory to operate at the airflow ranges for the GTC60S2
model. Please see Wiring Diagram (Page 53) which details
the required dip switch changes required between models.
NOTE 1: On a call from only “G” from the thermostat (call
for manual fan), the blower will operate at a significantly
reduced airflow rate to allow for air circulation and
filtration, but at reduced power consumption and sound
levels.
NOTE 2: There are ±10% adjustments that are enabled
on the tap select control that will allow you to increase or
decrease the air volume plus or minus 10%. Increasing the
air volume may help with some slightly increased capacity
and increased duct velocity if there is an air distribution
issue. Decreasing the air volume with help improve latent
capacity in a humid application, and will help to lower air
distribution sound levels. Please see Wiring Diagram (Page
53) which details the required dip switch changes for this
adjustment.
FULL LOAD HEATING
PART LOAD COOLING
The system should already be in FULL LOAD HEATING
operation (above). The thermostat completes a circuit from
“R” to “W2”, which energizes the first bank of electric heat.
When thermostat system switch is placed in COOL,
it completes a circuit from “R” to “O”, energizing the
reversing valve solenoid. On a call for cooling, the
thermostat completes a circuit from “R” to “Y1” sending the
signal to both the Tap Select Control located in the blower
section and to the Geothermal Logic Control located in the
compressor section. The tap select control uses the input
signal versus the motor program, and the dip switch settings
to determine the proper air volume rate to operate. The
Geothermal Logic Control verifies that the High Pressure
Switch, the Low Pressure Switch, and the Freeze Stat
controls are all in the “closed” position. It then energizes
the “A” terminal ouput to start the flow center (Ground
Loop Applications) or energizes the water solenoid (Ground
Water/Water Loop Applications). Following 10 seconds of
the “A” terminal energization, the compressor contactor is
energized.
FULL LOAD COOLING
The system should already be in Part Load Cooling
operation prior to Full Load Cooling being energized.
Additionally what happens, the thermostat completes a
circuit from “R” to “Y2”. This sends a signal to both the
staging solenoid on the side of the compressor, and sends
a signal to the Blower Tap Select Control in the blower
compartment to drive the blower to the proper CFM.
Manual2100-537I
Page 38 of 54
The system should already be in Part Load Heating
operation prior to Full Load Heating being energized.
Additionally what happens, the thermostat completes a
circuit from “R” to “Y2”. This sends a signal to both the
staging solenoid on the side of the compressor, and sends
a signal to the Blower Tap Select Control in the blower
compartment to drive the blower to the proper CFM.
SUPPLEMENTARY ELECTRIC HEAT
GEOTHERMAL LOGIC CONTROL
If the controller operates in normal mode, the green Status
LED blinks. This indicates that 24 volt power is applied to
the board and the controller is running in normal operation.
On initial power up and call for compressor operation, a
5-minute delay + a random start delay of 0 to 60-second
is applied. After the random delay, the compressor relay
is energized (Terminals CC & CCG). When the “Y” input
opens the compressor de-energizes.
Water Solenoid – When “Y” signal is sent to Geothermal
Logic Control, the water solenoid output “A” terminal
will energize 10 seconds prior to “CC” output that starts
compressor.
Anti-Short Cycle Timer – After compressor shutdown, or
power disruption, a 5-minute timer is applied and prevents
the compressor from operating.
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
HIGH PRESSURE SWITCH
UNDER & OVER VOLTAGE PROTECTION
(TERMINALS HP1 & HP2) Circuit will be proved as
“closed” prior to energizing “A” or “CC” terminals. If
pressure switch opens, compressor will go into soft lockout
mode and compressor operation will be terminated; green
fault light illuminated. Logic control will then go through
5-minute delay on break + random start sequence. If no
fault found on next run cycle, compressor will continue
operation. If fault reoccurs, hard lockout occurs, and fault
signal is sent to “L” terminal.
When an under or over voltage condition exists, the
controller locks out the unit. When condition clears,
the controller automatically releases the unit to normal
operation and the compressor restarts after the random start
and anti-short cycle timings are met. The under & over
voltage protection starts at plus or minus 20% from nominal
voltage and returns to operation at plus or minus 10% from
nominal voltage. All four (4) LED fault lights will flash
when an under or over voltage condition occurs. The over
voltage protection can be disabled by removing the O/V
jumper.
LOW PRESSURE SWITCH
(TERMINALS LP1 & LP2) Circuit will be proved as
“closed” prior to energizing “A” or “CC” terminals. The
conditions of the LP terminals will then be ignored for the
first 90 seconds after a demand for compressor operation.
Following this 90 second period, if pressure switch opens,
compressor will go into soft lockout mode and compressor
operation will be terminated; orange fault light illuminated.
The control board will then go through a 5-minute delay
on break + random start sequence. If no fault found on
next run cycle, compressor will continue operation. If fault
reoccurs, hard lockout occurs, and fault signal is sent to “L”
terminal.
FREEZE STAT (Optional Field Add-On
Option)
(TERMINALS FS & FS2) Circuit will be proved as
“closed” prior to energizing “A” or “CC” terminals. If
freezestat switch opens, compressor will go into soft lockout
mode and compressor operation will be terminated; red
fault light illuminated. Logic control will then go through
5-minute delay on break + random start sequence. If no
fault found on next run cycle, compressor will continue
operation. If fault reoccurs, hard lockout occurs, and fault
signal is sent to “L” terminal.
INTELLIGENT RESET
The Geothermal Logic Control has an intelligent reset
feature after a safety control is activated. The controller
locks out the unit for 5 minutes, at the end of this period, the
controller checks to verify that all faults have been cleared.
If faults have been cleared, the controller restarts the unit.
If a second fault occurs, the controller will lock out the unit
until the unit is manually reset by breaking “Y” signal from
thermostat. The last fault will be kept in memory after a full
lockout; this is only cleared by cycling the power.
ALARM OUTPUT
The “L” terminal has 24 volts applied when a hard lockout
occurs. This can be used to drive a fault light or a low
voltage relay.
PRESSURE SERVICE PORTS
High and low pressure service ports are installed on all units
so that the system operating pressures can be observed.
Pressure tables can be found later in the manual covering all
models. It is imperative to match the correct pressure table
to the unit by model number.
NOTE: Jumper wire is factory installed.
SYSTEM START-UP
CONDENSATE OVERFLOW
Step 1 – Close disconnect switch(es) and set the thermostat
to cool and the temperature to the highest setting.
(Terminals CO & CO2) This input operates when the water
level in the condensation pan rises and completes a signal
across the terminals of the terminal block located in the
indoor coil drain pan; yellow fault light illuminates. If fault
clears, the logic control will go through 5-minute delay +
random start. If fault reoccurs, or didn’t clear the first time
after 30 seconds, the control will go into hard lockout, and
will energize the “L” output signal.
Step 2 – Check for proper airflow across the indoor coil.
Step 3 – Connect the service gauges and allow the unit to
run for at least 10 minutes or until pressures are
stable. Check pressures to the system pressure
table attached to the unit service panel.
Step 4 – Fill out Ground Source Heat Pump Performance
Report.
Manual2100-537I
Page
39 of 54
FIGURE 17 — COMPONENT LOCATION
WATER COIL
LOW PRESSURE
SWITCHES
REVERSING
VALVE
HIGH PRESSURE
SWITCH
EXPANSION
VALVE
DESUPERHEATER
COIL
LOW VOLTAGE
FILTER/DRIER
COMPRESSOR
PUMP
UNIT HIGH VOLTAGE
PUMP MODULE
HIGH VOLTAGE
MIS-2838
FIGURE 18 — CONTROL PANEL
TERMINAL
STRIP
GEOTHERMAL
LOGIC CONTROL
DESUPERHEATER
CONTROL BOARD
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR
GROUND TERMINALS
PUMP MODULE
POWER CONNECTION
CIRCUIT BREAKERS
RELAY
PLUG
COMPRESSOR
CAPACITOR
MIS-2837
Manual2100-537I
Page 40 of 54
FIGURE 19
Manual2100-537I
Page
41 of 54
REFRIGERANT CHARGE
3. Final torque should be achieved. Use the appropriate size wrench in conjunction with a second (backing) wrench to ensure that fittings do not spin or twist on the copper refrigerant lines. Use the following torque rates:
3/8" Lineset – 22-25 ft. lbs. (30-35 Nm)
7/8" Lineset – 44-47 ft. lbs. (60-65 Nm)
LINE SET INSTALLATION – GTA COIL
SECTIONS
CHARGE ADJUSTMENT
All supplied line sets with threaded refrigerant connections
are factory evacuated and charged with R-410A refrigerant
at the quantity required to optimize system performance.
Refer to Table 9 to see this charge quantity if you need to
reprocess the charge due to repairing damage or replacement
of a defective component.
CHECKING REFRIGERANT CHARGE
QUANTITY – GTA COIL SECTIONS
For those using Stub Kits GTLS-SK2-1 or GTLS-SK4-1,
you will first need to braze up both ends of your line set
(to the point that it is sealed). Ports are provided on the
GTLS-SK*-1 kits so that you can pull a vacuum on the
line set and pre-charge with refrigerant before screwing on
the refrigerant fittings onto the pre-charged condenser and
evaporator (if using one with threaded connectors).
The correct R-410A charge is shown on the unit rating
plate (including adders for the various line set lengths).
Reference Figure 21 to validate proper system operation.
However, it is recommended that if incorrect charge is
suspected, the system refrigerant be reclaimed, evacuated,
and charged to nameplate charge quantity and type
(including necessary charge adjustment for the installed line
set length).
For charge quantity, use Table 9 as a good general reference
to the required R-410A refrigerant required based upon your
line set length. Or, you can specifically measure your line
set length, and add 1.4 ounces of R-410A refrigerant per 1'
of line set length.
The nameplate charge quantity is optimized for thermal
performance and efficiency throughout all modes of
operation.
REFRIGERANT FITTING ATTACHMENT
1.
2.
Coat all mating surface, including o-rings, with R-410A refrigerant oil (Polyol Ester).
Attach female fittings to coil/condensing unit portion by hand-threading initially. Be careful not to cross-
thread assembly. For the pre-manufactured 3' line set used with a vertical (stacked) configuration, the fittings should be threaded simultaneously. Again, be careful not to cross-thread either assembly.
TABLE 9
PRE-CHARGED LINE SET REFRIGERANT QUANTITY
MODEL
DESCRIPTION
GTLS-03-1
R-410A CHARGE QUANTITY
(Ounces)
3/8" Line
7/8" Line
Total
3' Line Set
1.2
3
4.2
GTLS-15-1
15' Line Set
6
15
21
GTLS-25-1
25' Line Set
10
25
35
GTLS-35-1
35' Line Set
14
35
49
GTLS-50-1
50' Line Set
20
50
70
Manual2100-537I
Page 42 of 54
REFRIGERANT CHARGE
GENERAL – GTADP COIL SECTIONS
GENERAL (GTADP Add-On Coils)
These instructions are intended as a general guide and do not
supersede the coil manufacturer’s installation instructions
or local codes in any way. Read the manufacturer’s
installation manual and all “WARNING” statements
prior to installing the evaporator coil.
The following is needed, in addition to the evaporator coil.
1. Line Set Stub Kit with Single Pair Ends – Bard Part
No. GTLS-SK2-1
2. Line Set consisting of 7/8" and 3/8" soft rolled copper
with insulation.
3. Coil Spacer (Oil Furnaces Only)
Coils are shipped with a 10 PSIG dry air holding charge.
Puncture rubber plug on suction line to release charge
before removing plugs. The absence of pressure does not
verify a leak. Check the coil for leaks prior to installing if a
leak is suspected.
Position the coil/box directly on top of a gas furnace and
secure using sheet metal screws. The drain pans are made
of a polymer that can withstand temperatures up to 450˚F.
If installed on an oil or drum type heat exchanger (a coil
spacer is recommended to) maintain a 6 inch clearance
to protect the pan and to provide optimum air flow over
the coil. Coil should be level, or pitched slightly toward the
drain connections. See Figure 20.
DO NOT CONNECT THE LINE SET TO THE
CONDENSER SECTION
Pre-charge the line set and evaporator coil with the amount
of R-410A calculated earlier.
REFRIGERANT FITTING ATTACHMENT (After
pre-charging line set & coil) (GTADP Add-On Coils)
1. Coat all mating surfaces, including o-rings, with
R-410A refrigerant oil (Polyol Ester).
2. Attach female fittings to condensing unit portion by
hand-threading initially. Be careful not to crossthread assembly.
3. Final torque should be achieved. Use the appropriate
size wrench in conjunction with a second (backing)
wrench to ensure that the fittings do not spin or twist
on the copper refrigerant lines. Use the following
torque rates:
3/8" Line Set: 22-25 ft. lbs. (30-35 Nm)
7/8" Line Set: 44-47 ft. lbs. (60-65 Nm)
FIGURE 20
COIL SPACER
LINE SET INSTALLATION (GTADP Add-On Coils)
Braze up one end of the line set to the GTLS-SK2-1 stub kit
and the other end to the evaporator coil. Ports are provided
in the GTLS-SK2-1 kit. Pull a vacuum (100 microns) on
the line set and coil. Pre-charge the line set and coil with
refrigerant before screwing the refrigerant fittings onto the
pre-charged condenser section.
REFRIGERANT CHARGE QUANTITY – Line Set
and Evaporator Coil (GTADP Add-On Coils)
The refrigerant charge shown on the GTC condenser section
is based on being matched with a GTA coil section and
not the ADP “A” coil. Charge adjustments are required
for proper system operation when using an ADP coil. Use
the following formulas to determine the amount of charge
required.
• GTC36 Line Set Charge = Line Set Length (FT) X 1.4
oz. R-410A/FT – 3.0 oz.
• GTC48 Line Set Charge = Line Set Length (FT) X 1.4
oz. R-410A/FT – 9.0 oz.
• GTC60 Line Set Charge = Line Set Length (FT) X 1.4
oz. R-410A/FT + 20.0 oz.
Example:
A GTC48 condenser section is being installed with a
GTADP-4860-C evaporator coil and a 25 foot line set.
GTC48 Line Set Charge = Line Set Length 25 (FT) X
1.4 oz. R-410A/FT – 9.0 oz.
GTC48 Line Set Charge = 26.0 oz.
ATTACH WITH
SCREWS TO
FLANGE
COIL SPACER
(IF REQUIRED)
MIS-3127
Manual2100-537I
Page
43 of 54
REFRIGERANT CHARGE
These units require R-410A refrigerant and Polyol Ester.
SAFETY PRACTICES:
1. Never mix R-410A with other refrigerants.
GENERAL:
1. Use separate service equipment to avoid cross contamination of oil and refrigerants.
2. Use gloves and safety glasses, Polyol Ester oils can be irritating to the skin, and liquid refrigerant will freeze the skin.
2. Use recovery equipment rated for R-410A refrigerant.
3. Never use air and R-410A to leak check; the mixture may become flammable.
3. Use manifold gauges rated for R-410A (800 psi/250 psi low).
4.
4. R-410A is a binary blend of HFC-32 and HFC-125.
5. R-410A is nearly azeotropic - similar to R-22 and R-12. Although nearly azeotropic, charge with liquid refrigerant.
6. R-410A operates at 40-70% higher pressure than
R-22, and systems designed for R-22 cannot withstand this higher pressure.
Do not inhale R-410A – the vapor attacks the nervous system, creating dizziness, loss of coordination and slurred speech. Cardiac irregularities, unconsciousness and ultimate death can result from breathing this concentration.
5. Do not burn R-410A. This decomposition produces hazardous vapors. Evacuate the area if exposed.
6. Use only cylinders rated DOT4BA/4BW 400.
7. R-410A has an ozone depletion potential of zero, but must be reclaimed due to its global warming potential.
7. Never fill cylinders over 80% of total capacity.
8. R-410A compressors use Polyol Ester.
9. Never heat cylinders above 125°F.
9. Polyol Ester oil is hygroscopic; it will rapidly absorb moisture and strongly hold this moisture in the oil.
10.Never trap liquid R-410A in manifold sets, gauge lines or cylinders. R-410A expands significantly at warmer temperatures. Once a cylinder or line is full of liquid, any further rise in temperature will cause it to burst.
10.A liquid line dryer must be used - even a deep vacuum will not separate moisture from the oil.
11.Limit atmospheric exposure to 15 minutes.
12.If compressor removal is necessary, always plug compressor immediately after removal. Purge with small amount of nitrogen when inserting plugs.
TOPPING OFF SYSTEM CHARGE
If a leak has occurred in the system, reclaiming,
evacuating (see criteria above), and charging to the
nameplate charge is recommended.
Topping off the system charge can be done without
problems. With R-410A, there are no significant
changes in the refrigerant composition during multiple
leaks and recharges. R-410A refrigerant is close to being
an azeotropic blend (it behaves like a pure compound
or single component refrigerant). The remaining
refrigerant charge, in the system, may be used after leaks
have occurred and then “top-off” the charge by utilizing
the charging charts on the inner control panel cover as a
guideline.
REMEMBER: When adding R-410A refrigerant, it must
come out of the charging cylinder/tank as a liquid to
avoid any fractionation, and to insure optimal system
performance. Refer to instructions for the cylinder that
is being utilized for proper method of liquid extraction.
Manual2100-537I
Page 44 of 54
8. Store cylinders in a cool area, out of direct sunlight.
FIGURE 21
PRESSURE TABLES
Model
Return Air
Temperature
Pressure
75° DB
62° WB
FULL LOAD COOLING — Fluid Temperature Entering Water Coil °F
30°F
35°F
40°F
45°F
50°F
55°F
60°F
65°F
70°F
75°F
80°F
85°F
90°F
95°F
100°F
105°F
110°F
Low Side
High Side
108
148
111
163
113
177
116
192
118
206
121
221
123
235
126
250
128
264
129
286
129
309
130
331
131
353
131
376
132
398
132
420
133
442
80° DB
67° WB
Low Side
High Side
116
152
118
167
121
182
124
196
126
211
129
226
132
241
134
256
137
271
138
294
138
317
139
340
140
362
140
385
141
408
142
431
142
454
85° DB
72° WB
Low Side
High Side
124
157
127
173
130
188
133
203
136
219
139
234
142
250
144
265
147
280
148
304
149
328
149
351
150
375
151
399
152
422
152
446
153
470
75° DB
62° WB
Low Side
High Side
109
148
111
162
113
176
115
191
117
205
119
220
121
234
122
249
124
263
125
285
127
306
128
328
129
349
130
371
131
392
132
413
133
435
80° DB
67° WB
Low Side
High Side
117
151
119
166
121
181
123
196
125
211
127
226
129
240
131
255
133
270
134
292
135
314
137
336
138
358
139
380
140
402
141
424
142
446
85° DB
72° WB
Low Side
High Side
126
157
128
172
130
187
132
203
134
218
137
233
139
249
141
264
143
279
144
302
145
325
147
348
148
371
149
393
151
416
152
439
153
462
75° DB
62° WB
Low Side
High Side
116
139
117
154
117
169
117
183
117
198
118
213
118
228
118
243
119
257
120
278
122
298
123
318
125
338
127
358
128
378
130
398
131
419
80° DB
67° WB
Low Side
High Side
124
143
125
158
125
173
125
188
126
203
126
219
126
234
127
249
127
264
129
285
130
305
132
326
134
347
135
367
137
388
139
409
140
429
85° DB
72° WB
Low Side
High Side
134
148
134
163
134
179
135
195
135
210
135
226
135
242
136
258
137
273
138
295
140
316
142
337
144
359
145
380
147
402
149
423
151
444
Return Air
Temperature
Pressure
5°F
10°F
15°F
20°F
25°F
30°F
35°F
40°F
45°F
50°F
55°F
60°F
65°F
70°F
75°F
80°F
85°F
GTC36S2
70° DB
Low Side
High Side
45
242
52
252
59
262
66
272
72
282
79
292
86
302
93
312
99
322
106
332
117
342
129
353
140
363
151
373
162
383
174
394
185
404
GTC48S2
70° DB
Low Side
High Side
36
247
44
258
52
270
60
281
68
293
76
304
84
316
92
327
100
339
108
350
119
361
129
372
140
383
150
394
161
405
171
416
182
427
GTC60S2
70° DB
Low Side
High Side
38
264
46
273
54
282
62
292
70
301
78
310
86
319
94
329
102
338
110
347
118
357
126
366
134
376
142
385
150
395
158
404
166
414
Model
Return Air
Temperature
Pressure
30°F
35°F
40°F
45°F
50°F
55°F
60°F
65°F
70°F
75°F
80°F
85°F
90°F
95°F
100°F
105°F
110°F
75° DB
62° WB
Low Side
High Side
116
130
119
144
121
159
123
173
126
188
128
202
130
216
133
231
135
245
135
265
135
284
135
303
135
322
135
341
136
360
136
379
136
398
80° DB
67° WB
Low Side
High Side
124
133
127
148
129
163
132
177
134
192
137
207
139
222
142
237
144
252
144
271
145
291
145
310
145
330
145
349
145
369
145
389
145
408
85° DB
72° WB
Low Side
High Side
134
138
136
153
139
168
142
184
144
199
147
214
150
230
153
245
155
261
155
281
155
301
156
321
156
341
156
362
156
382
156
402
156
422
75° DB
62° WB
Low Side
High Side
119
131
121
146
123
160
125
174
127
189
129
203
132
217
134
231
136
246
137
266
137
287
138
308
139
328
140
349
141
370
142
390
143
411
80° DB
67° WB
Low Side
High Side
128
135
130
149
132
164
134
179
136
193
139
208
141
223
143
237
145
252
146
273
147
294
148
316
149
337
150
358
151
379
152
400
153
421
85° DB
72° WB
Low Side
High Side
137
139
140
155
142
170
144
185
147
200
149
215
151
230
154
246
156
261
157
283
158
305
159
327
160
348
161
370
162
392
163
414
164
436
75° DB
62° WB
Low Side
High Side
127
122
127
137
127
152
127
167
128
182
128
197
128
212
129
227
129
242
130
262
131
282
131
302
132
322
133
342
134
362
134
382
135
402
80° DB
67° WB
Low Side
High Side
135
125
136
141
136
156
136
171
137
187
137
202
137
217
138
233
138
248
139
269
140
289
141
310
141
330
142
351
143
371
144
392
145
412
85° DB
72° WB
Low Side
High Side
145
130
146
146
146
161
147
177
147
193
147
209
148
225
148
241
148
257
149
278
150
299
151
320
152
342
153
363
154
384
155
405
156
426
Return Air
Temperature
Pressure
5°F
10°F
15°F
20°F
25°F
30°F
35°F
40°F
45°F
50°F
55°F
60°F
65°F
70°F
75°F
80°F
85°F
GTC36S2
70° DB
Low Side
High Side
23
238
35
247
46
256
57
264
68
273
80
288
91
296
102
305
111
317
120
328
131
337
143
346
154
354
165
363
176
372
188
381
199
389
GTC48S2
70° DB
Low Side
High Side
20
228
31
238
43
247
54
257
66
266
77
281
89
291
100
300
109
311
117
322
129
332
140
341
152
351
163
360
175
370
186
379
198
389
GTC60S2
70° DB
Low Side
High Side
27
236
38
247
48
257
58
268
68
278
79
294
89
305
99
315
109
326
119
336
129
347
140
357
150
368
160
378
170
389
181
399
191
410
GTC36S2
GTC48S2
GTC60S2
Model
GTC36S2
GTC48S2
GTC60S2
Model
FULL LOAD HEATING — Fluid Temperature Entering Water Coil °F
PART LOAD COOLING — Fluid Temperature Entering Water Coil °F
PART LOAD HEATING — Fluid Temperature Entering Water Coil °F
LOW SIDE PRESSURE +/- 2 PSIG
HIGH SIDE PRESSURE +/- 5 PSIG
Tables based upon rated CFM (airflow) across the evaporator coil.
If incorrect charge suspected (more than +2 psig suction, +5 psig liquid), it is recommended refrigerant charge be reclaimed, system evacuated and charged
to serial plate quantity.
Manual2100-537I
Page
45 of 54
Loose Terminals
Faulty Wiring
Blown Fuse or Tripped Breaker
Power Failure
Low Voltage
Compressor Overload
Start Capacitor
Run Capacitor
Potential Relay
Thermostat
Low Voltage
Control Transformer
Loose Terminals
Faulty Wiring
Indoor Blower Relay
Discharge Line Hitting Inside of Shell
Contactor Coil
Excessive Operation Costs
Ice in Water Coil
Aux. Heat on I.D. Blower Off
Liquid Refrigerant Flooding Back
To Compressor
Reversing Valve Does Not Shift
Compressor Runs Continuously
– No Cooling
Liquid Refrigerant Flooding Back
To Compressor
Compressor Runs Continuously
– No Heating
Excessive Water Usage
High Compressor Amps
I.D. Coil Frosting or Icing
I.D. Blower Will Not Start
Suction Pressure Too Low
Motor Wingings Defective
Refrigerant Overcharge
Refrigerant Charge Low
Low Head Pressure
High Suction Pressure
Low Suction Pressure
Non-Condensables
Unequalized Pressures
Solenoid Valve Stuck Closed (Htg)
Solenoid Valve Stuck Closed (Clg)
Solenoid Valve Stuck Open (Htg or Clg)
Leaking
Plugged or Restricted Metering Device (Htg)
Water Coil
Scaled or Plugged Coil (CLg)
Water Volume Low (Htg)
Water Volume Low (Clg)
Scaled or Plugged Coil (Htg)
Rev.
Valve
Defective Valve or Coil
WATER COIL SECTION
Water
Solenoid
Refrigerant System
High Head Pressure
Pressure Controls (High or Low)
Compressor
Bearings Defective
Control Circuit
Seized
Suction Pressure Too High
Defective Contacts in Contactor
POWER SUPPLY
Valve Defective
Head Pressure Too Low
Head Pressure Too High
Compressor Noisy
Thermostat Check Light
Lite-Lockout Relay
Compressor Off on High
Pressure Control
Compressor Off on Low
Pressure Control
Compressor Cycles on Overload
Compressor Will Not Run
No Power at Contactor
Compressor Will Not Run
Power at Contactor
Compressor "Hums"
But Will Not Start
Line Voltage
Air Filters Dirty
Air Volume Low
Motor Winding Defective
Fins Dirty or Plugged
Undersized or Restricted Ductwork
Auxillary Heat Upstream of Coil
INDOOR SECTION
AUX.
Indoor Blower Motor
and Coil
Heat Gen.
Plugged or Restricted Metering Device (Clg)
Low Water Temperature (Htg)
QUICKQUICK
REFERENCE
TROUBLESHOOTING
CHARTCHART
FOR WATER
TO AIRTO
HEAT
REFERENCE
TROUBLESHOOTING
FOR WATER
AIRPUMP
HEAT PUMP
Denotes common cause
Denotes occasional cause
Heating or Cooling Cycles
Cooling
Cycle
Manual2100-537I
Page 46 of 54
Heating Cycle
Manual 2100-537G
Page
44 of 52
SERVICE
SERVICE HINTS
COMPRESSOR SOLENOID
1. Caution owner to maintain clean air filters at all times.
Also, not to needlessly close off supply and return air
registers. This reduces airflow through the system,
which shortens equipment service life as well as
increasing operating costs.
(See Sequence of Operation on Pages 37 & 38 for function.)
A nominal 24-volt direct current coil activates the internal
compressor solenoid. The input control circuit voltage must
be 18 to 28 volts ac. The coil power requirement is 20 VA.
The external electrical connection is made with a molded
plug assembly. This plug contains a full wave rectifier to
supply direct current to the unloader coil.
2. Check all power fuses or circuit breakers to be sure that
they are the correct rating.
UNBRAZING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
If the refrigerant charge is removed from a scroll equipped
unit by bleeding the high side only, it is sometimes possible
for the scrolls to seal, preventing pressure equalization
through the compressor. This may leave low side shell and
suction line tubing pressurized. If the brazing torch is then
applied to the low side while the low side shell and suction
line contains pressure, the pressurized refrigerant and
oil mixture could ignite when it escapes and contacts the
brazing flame. To prevent this occurrence, it is important
to check both the high and low side with manifold gauges
before unbrazing.
ECM MOTOR
This unit is equipped with an ECM motor. It is important
that the blower motor plugs are not plugged in or unplugged
while the power is on. Failure to remove power prior to
unplugging or plugging in the motor could result in motor
failure.
WARNING
Both the high and low side of the scroll compressor
must be checked with manifold gauges before
unbrazing system components. Failure to do so
could cause pressurized refrigerant and oil mixture
to ignite if it escapes and contacts the brazing flame
causing property damage, bodily harm or death.
Compressor Solenoid Test Procedure – If it is suspected
that the unloader is not working, the following methods may
be used to verify operation.
1. Operate the system and measure compressor amperage.
Cycle the compressor solenoid on and off at 10-second
intervals. The compressor amperage should go up or
down at least 25 percent.
2. If step one does not give the expected results, shut unit
off. Apply 18 to 28 volts ac to the solenoid molded
plug leads and listen for a click as the solenoid pulls
in. Remove power and listen for another click as the
solenoid returns to its original position.
3. If clicks can’t be heard, shut off power and remove the
control circuit molded plug from the compressor and
measure the solenoid coil resistance. The resistance
should be 32 to 60 ohms depending on compressor
temperature.
4. Next, check the molded plug.
Voltage check: Apply control voltage to the plug wires
(18 to 28 volts ac). The measured dc voltage at the female
connectors in the plug should be around 15 to 27 vdc.
Resistance check: Measure the resistance from the end of
one molded plug lead to either of the two female connectors
in the plug. One of the connectors should read close to zero
ohms, while the other should read infinity. Repeat with
other wire. The same female connector as before should
read zero, while the other connector again reads infinity.
Reverse polarity on the ohmmeter leads and repeat. The
female connector that read infinity previously should now
read close to zero ohms.
Replace plug if either of these test methods does not show
the desired results.
CAUTION
Do not plug in or unplug blower motor
connectors while the power is on. Failure
to do so may result in motor failure.
Manual2100-537I
Page
47 of 54
TROUBLESHOOTING GE ECM 2.3™ MOTORS
CAUTION:
Disconnect power from unit before removing or replacing
connectors, or servicing motor. To avoid electric shock from
the motor’s capacitors, disconnect power and wait at least 5
minutes before opening motor.
Symptom
Cause/Procedure
Motor rocks slightly
when starting
• This is normal start-up for ECM
Motor won’t start
• No movement
• Check blower turns by hand
• Check power at motor
• Check low voltage (24 Vac R to C) at motor
• Check low voltage connections
(G, Y, W, R, C) at motor
• Check for unseated pins in connectors on motor harness
• Test with a temporary jumper between R - G
• Check motor for tight shaft
• Perform motor/control replacement check
• Perform Moisture Check
• Motor rocks, but won’t start
• Check for loose or compliant motor mount
• Make sure blower wheel is tight on shaft
• Perform motor/control replacement check
Motor oscillates up
load & down while being
tested off of blower
• It is normal for motor to oscillate with no
on shaft
Symptom
Cause/Procedure
- Check for cabinet/duct deformation
• “Hunts” or “puffs” at
high CFM (speed)
• Does removing panel or filter reduce
“puffing”?
- Reduce restriction
- Reduce max. airflow
• Noisy blower or cabinet
Evidence of Moisture
• Motor failure or malfunction has occurred
and moisture is present
• Evidence of moisture
present inside air mover
Do
• Check for loose blower housing, panels, etc.
• High static creating high blower speed?
- Check for air whistling through seams in
ducts, cabinets or panels
• Replace motor and Perform Moisture Check
• Perform Moisture Check
Don’t
• Automatically assume the motor is bad.
Motor starts, but
runs erratically
• Varies up and down
or intermittent
• Check line voltage for variation or “sag”
• Check low voltage connections
(G, Y, W, R, C) at motor, unseated pins in
motor harness connectors
• Check “Bk” for erratic CFM command (in
variable-speed applications)
• Check out system controls, Thermostat
• Perform Moisture Check
• Check out motor, controls,
wiring and connections
thoroughly before replacing
motor
• Orient connectors down so
water can’t get in
- Install “drip loops”
• Use authorized motor and
model #’s for replacement
• Keep static pressure to a minimum:
- Recommend high
efficiency, low static filters
- Recommend keeping filters
clean.
- Design ductwork for min.
static, max. comfort
- Look for and recommend
ductwork improvement,
where necessary
• “Hunts” or “puffs” at
high CFM (speed)
• Does removing panel or filter reduce
“puffing”?
- Reduce restriction
- Reduce max airflow
• Size the equipment wisely • Oversize system, then compensate with low
airflow
• Check orientation before
• Plug in power connector backwards
inserting motor connectors • Force plugs
• Stays at low CFM
despite system call
for cool or heat CFM
• Check low voltage (Thermostat) wires and
connections
• Verify fan is not in delay mode; wait until
delay complete
• “R” missing/not connected at motor
• Perform motor/control replacement check
Moisture Check
• Stays at high CFM
• “R” missing/not connected at motor
• Is fan in delay mode? - wait until delay time
complete
• Perform motor/control replacement check
• Blower won’t shut off
• Current leakage from controls into G, Y or W?
Check for Triac switched thermostat or solidstate relay
Excessive noise
• Air noise
• Determine if it’s air noise, cabinet, duct or
motor noise; interview customer, if necessary
• High static creating high blower speed?
- Is airflow set properly?
- Does removing filter cause blower to slow
down? Check filter
- Use low-pressure drop filter
- Check/correct duct restrictions
Manual2100-537I
Page 48 of 54
• Locate connectors above 7 and 4 o’clock
positions
• Replace one motor or control model # with
another (unless an authorized replacement)
• Use high pressure drop filters some have ½”
H20 drop!
• Use restricted returns
• Connectors are oriented “down” (or as recommended by equipment
manufacturer)
• Arrange harness with “drip loop” under motor
• Is condensate drain plugged?
• Check for low airflow (too much latent capacity)
• Check for undercharged condition
• Check and plug leaks in return ducts, cabinet
Comfort Check
• Check proper airflow settings
• Low static pressure for lowest noise
• Set low continuous-fan CFM
• Use humidistat and 2-speed cooling units
• Use zoning controls designed for ECM that regulate CFM
• Thermostat in bad location?
TROUBLESHOOTING GE ECM™ MOTORS CONT’D.
Replacing ECM Control Module
To replace the control module for the GE variable-speed indoor blower
motor you need to take the following steps:
1. You MUST have the correct replacement module. The controls are
factory programmed for specific operating modes. Even though they look
alike, different modules may have completely different functionality.
USING THE WRONG CONTROL MODULE VOIDS ALL PRODUCT
WARRANTIES AND MAY PRODUCE UNEXPECTED RESULTS.
2. Begin by removing AC power from the unit being serviced. DO NOT
WORK ON THE MOTOR WITH AC POWER APPLIED. To avoid
electric shock from the motor’s capacitors, disconnect power and wait at
least 5 minutes before opening motor.
3. It is not necessary to remove the motor from the blower assembly, nor
the blower assembly from the unit. Unplug the two cable connectors to the
motor control assembly. There are latches on each connector. DO NOT
PULL ON THE WIRES. The plugs remove easily when properly released.
4. Locate the screws that retain to the motor control bracket to the sheet
metal of the unit and remove them. Remove two (2) nuts that retain
the control to the bracket and then remove two (2) nuts that retain sheet
metal motor control end plate. Refer to Figure 22.
5. Disconnect the three (3) wires interior of the motor control by using
your thumb and forefinger squeezing the latch tab and the opposite side
of the connector plug, gently pulling the connector. DO NOT PULL ON
THE WIRES, GRIP THE PLUG ONLY. Refer to Figure 22.
6. The control module is now completely detached from the motor.
Verify with a standard ohmmeter that the resistance from each motor
lead (in the motor plug just removed) to the motor shell is >100K ohms.
Refer to Figure 23. (Measure to unpainted motor end plate.) If any
motor lead fails this test, do not proceed to install the control module.
THE MOTOR IS DEFECTIVE AND MUST BE REPLACED.
Installing the new control module will cause it to fail also.
7. Verify that the replacement control is correct for your application.
Refer to the manufacturer’s authorized replacement list. USING THE
WRONG CONTROL WILL RESULT IN IMPROPER OR NO
BLOWER OPERATION. Orient the control module so that the 3-wire
motor plug can be inserted into the socket in the control. Carefully insert
the plug and press it into the socket until it latches. A SLIGHT CLICK
WILL BE HEARD WHEN PROPERLY INSERTED.
8. Reverse the steps #5, 4, 3 to reconnect the motor control to the
motor wires, securing the motor control cover plate, mounting the
control to the bracket, and mounting the motor control bracket back
into the unit. MAKE SURE THE ORIENTATION YOU SELECT
FOR REPLACING THE CONTROL ASSURES THE CONTROL’S
CABLE CONNECTORS WILL BE LOCATED DOWNWARD
IN THE APPLICATION SO THAT WATER CANNOT RUN
DOWN THE CABLES AND INTO THE CONTROL. DO NOT
OVERTIGHTEN THE BOLTS.
9. Plug the 16-pin control plug into the motor. The plug is keyed.
Make sure the connector is properly seated and latched.
10. Plug the 5-pin power connector into the motor. Even though the
plug is keyed, OBSERVE THE PROPER ORIENTATION. DO NOT
FORCE THE CONNECTOR. It plugs in very easily when properly
oriented. REVERSING THIS PLUG WILL CAUSE IMMEDIATE
FAILURE OF THE CONTROL MODULE.
11. Final installation check. Make sure the motor is installed as follows:
a.Motor connectors should be oriented between the 4 o’clock and 8 o’clock positions when the control is positioned in its final location and orientation.
b.Add a drip loop to the cables so that water cannot enter the motor by draining down the cables. Refer to Figure 24.
The installation is now complete. Reapply the AC power to the HVAC
equipment and verify that the new motor control module is working
properly. Follow the manufacturer’s procedures for disposition of the
old control module.
Figure
22
Figure 3
Figure 23
Figure 4
Winding Test
Control Disassembly
Motor Connector
(3-pin)
Only remove
From Motor
Hex Head Bolts Push until
Latch Seats
Over Ramp
Circuit
Board
Motor
ECM 2.0
Note:
Use the shorter
bolts and
alignment pin
supplied when
replacing an
ECM 2.0
control.
Motor OK when
R > 100k ohm
Figure
Figure 24
5
ECM
2.3/2.5
Motor Connector
(3-pin)
Control Connector
(16-pin)
Power Connector
(5-pin)
Hex-head Screws
Drip Loop
Back of
Control
Connector Orientation
Between 4 and 8 o'clock
Drip Loop
Manual2100-537I
Page
49 of 54
TROUBLESHOOTING GE ECM™ MOTORS CONT’D.
MODE of
OPERATION
OFF
Continuous
Blower
Part Load
Cooling
Full Load Cooling
Part
Load
Heating
Full Load
Heating
Full Load Heating +
Electric Heat
Stage #1
Emergency Heat
Mode
Thermostat
24 VAC Inuput
Signals
—
"G"
"G", "Y1", "O"
"G", "Y1", "Y2", "O"
"G", "Y1"
"G", "Y1", "Y2"
"G", "Y1", "Y2", "W1"
"G", "E", "W1", "W2"
X
X
Pin #1
24 VAC "C" (Common) Signal, Always Energized
Pin #2
Pin #3
24 VAC "C" (Common) Signal, Always Energized
Pin #4
Delay Tap Profiles, Varied Half-Wave Signals Based Upon Settings
Pin #5
Cool Tap Select Tables, Varied Half-Wave Signals Based Upon Settings (Tonnage)
Pin #6
X
X
X
X
Pin #7
Adjustment Tap Profiles, Varied Half-Wave Signals Based Upon Settings
Pin #8
DC Volts "-" Output in Direct Correlation to CFM
Pin #9
X
X
X
Pin #10
Future Use; Not Currently Programmed for Function
Pin #11
Heat Tap Select Tables, Varied Half-Wave Signals Based Upon Tonnage
Pin #12
24 VAC Hot "R" Signal, Always Energized
Pin #13
X
Pin #14
X
Pin #15
Pin #16
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
DC Volts "+" Output in Direct Correlation to CFM
FIGURE 25
CONTROL CONNECTOR MOTOR HALF
9
1
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
POWER CONNECTOR *
PWB HEADER
PIN
1
*
MIS-2839
POWER CONNECTOR
MOTOR HALF
Manual2100-537I
Page 50 of 54
1
2
3
4
5
AMP 1-350945-0
Description
2
Jumper Pin 1 to Pin 2 for
120VAC Line Input Only **
3
Chassis Ground
4
AC Line
5
AC Line
Suggested mating connector
Housing — AMP 350809-1
Contact — AMP 350537-1
** WARNING — Applying 240VAC line input with PIN 1 to PIN 2 jumper in place will permanently damage unit!
GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP
GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP
PERFORMANCE REPORT
PERFORMANCE REPORT
This performance check report should be filled out by installer and retained with unit.
This performance check report should be filled out by installer and retained with unit.
DATE
1.
TAKEN BY:
UNIT:
Mfgr
Model No.
S/N
THERMOSTAT:
Mfgr
Model No.
P/N
2.
Person Reporting
3.
Company Reporting
4.
5.
Installed By
User’s (Owner’s) Name
Address
6.
Unit Location
Date Installed
WATER SYSTEM INFORMATION
7.
Open Loop System (Water Well)
A.
8.
Closed Loop System
If Open Loop where is water discharged?
The following questions are for Closed Loop systems only
A.
Closed loop system designed by
B.
Type of antifreeze used
C.
System type:
D.
Pipe material
E.
Pipe Installed:
1. Horizontal
No. pipes in trench
2. Vertical
% Solution
Series
Parallel
Nominal Size
Total length of pipe
ft
Depth bottom pipe
ft
Total length of bore hole
ft
Manual
2100-537G I
Manual2100-537
Page
49 of 52
Page
51 of 54
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS NEEDED
CHECK PERFORMANCE
UNIT.
THETO
FOLLOWING
INFORMATIONOF
IS NEEDED
TO CHECK PERFORMANCE OF UNIT.
Cooling
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
FLUID SIDE DATA
Entering fluid temperature
Leaving fluid temperature
Entering fluid pressure
Leaving fluid pressure
Pressure drop through coil
Gallons per minute through the water coil
Liquid or discharge line pressure
Suction line pressure
Voltage at compressor (unit running)
Amperage draw at line side of contactor
Amperage at compressor common terminal
* Suction line temperature 6” from compressor
* Superheat at compressor
* Liquid line temperature at metering device
* Coil subcooling
INDOOR SIDE DATA
Dry bulb temperature at air entering indoor coil
Wet bulb temperature of air entering indoor coil
Dry bulb temperature of air leaving indoor coil
Wet bulb temperature of air leaving indoor coil
* Supply air static pressure (packaged unit)
* Return air static pressure (packaged unit)
Other information about installation
Cooling
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
F
F
PSIG
PSIG
PSIG
GPM
PSIG
PSIG
V
A
A
F
F
F
F
** When performing a heating test insure that 2nd stage heat is not activated
* Items that are optional
Manual2100-537I
Page
of 54
Manual 52
2100-537G
Page
50 of 52
** Heating
** Heating
F
F
F
F
WC
WC
208/230-60-1
2
3
4
7 5-PIN MOTOR
POWER PLUG
GREEN
BLACK
1
RED
4-PIN UNIT
7 POWER PLUG
1
Indoor
Blower
Motor
2
3
RED
BLACK
1
4
5
MODEL
1
2
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
5
6
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
3
4
7
7
240V
7
208V
COM
ADJUSTMENT TAPS
NONE "+10%" "-10%" NONE
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
NOTE: SWITCH #4 MUST BE TURNED
ON WHEN BLOWER IS CONVERTED TO
COUNTERFLOW OR HORIZONTAL
RIGHT DISCHARGE
16-PIN BLOWER
CONTROL PLUG
7
3
9
C
12 CIRCUIT
BREAKER
8
3A
R
RED/WHITE
BLACK/WHITE
10
RED/WHITE
GTC60S1 GTC48S1 GTC36S1
TRANSFORMER
DIP
SWITCH #
9
8
BLACK/WHITE
14 13 12
BROWN
15
BLACK/WHITE
16
GRAY
6
BLUE/BLACK
7
YELLOW
BLACK
8
16-PIN BLOWER
CONTROL PLUG
ON
2
1
11 10
9
ECM 2
CONTROL
BLUE
PURPLE/WHITE
3
RED
4
RED/WHITE
5
RED/YELLOW
PURPLE
OFF
ORANGE
YELLOW/RED
YELLOW/BLACK
11
FIELD CONNECTIONS TO THERMOSTAT
AND CONDENSING SECTION
1
FOR 208V OPERATION,
MOVE THIS RED WIRE
TO 208V TRANSFORMER
TAP
4117-100 B
Manual2100-537I
Page
53 of 54
29
24
25
C
High Speed
Solenoid
S
N
RED
40
40
L
30
17
43
34
35
RED
21
23
36
26
21
CC
A
O
L
Y
R
C
RED/WHITE
35
35
13
R1
C2
3
2
1
CO2
CO
FS2
FS
LP2
LP1
GRAY
GRAY
BLACK
37
RED
RED
BLUE
BLUE
BLUE
BLUE
HIGH PRESSURE
SWITCH
RED
RED
208/230-60-1
LINE POWER
FIELD
CONNECTED
STATUS
5
HP1
HP2
27
1
6 Status = Green Status LED will blink in normal operation.
4 F.S. = Red fault light illumninated when fault indicated.
3 L.P.S = Orange fault light illuminated when fault indicated.
LOW PRESSURE
SWITCH (ANTI-FREEZE)
YELLOW
YELLOW
4-PIN BLOWER
POWER PLUG LOW PRESSURE
38
SWITCH (WATER)
4
29
6
4
3
2
C1
22
GRAY
5 COND. = Yellow fault light illuminated when fault indicated.
40
12
CAPACITOR
39
SCREW TO TAB 14
38
38
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR 11
GROUND
19 LUG
BLACK/
WHITE
R2
GEOTHERMAL
LOGIC CONTROL
8
WSD
TEST
O/V
GRAY
27
BLACK/WHITE
LOW VOLTAGE 3
TERMINAL STRIP
20
BLACK
CCG
RED
40
40
39
OPTIONAL
230V WATER CIRCULATING PUMP(S)
CONNECTED FOR DIRECT CONTROL
THRU GEOTHERMAL LOGIC CONTROL
BLACK
B
A
21
9
6
4
7
3
1
FLOW CENTER
RELAY 10
18
OUT
OUT
IN
IN
25
BROWN/WHITE
2 H.P.S = Green fault light illuminated when fault indicated.
24
32
RED
31
BLACK
Y
24
YELLOW/RED
T ' STAT
24
33
OVERTEMP
LIMIT
RED
LINE VOLTAGE
BLUE/WHITE
3
PUSH
3
PUSH
3
23
DESUPERHEATER
CONTROL 6
BLACK
BLACK
RED
RED
4 LABEL
CIRCUIT 9
BREAKER
Compressor
R
40
BLACK/WHITE
30
BLACK
N
RED
RED
I
C
R
BLACK
28
20
RED/WHITE
BLACK/WHITE
1 FOR ANTIFREEZE LOOP APPLICATIONS, CHANGE
LOW PRESSURE SWITCH TO YELLOW LEADS
ON LPC TERMINALS OF GEOTHERMAL LOGIC
CONTROL BOARD
REVERSING
VALVE
35
WATER
TEMPERATURE
LIMIT 18
BLACK
GREEN
WHITE
DESUPERHEATER
PUMP MOTOR
THERMISTOR
THERMISTOR
17
DESUPERHEATER
TEMP. SENSORS
3
2
1
BLUE/WHITE
BLUE
22
WATER SENSORS
PINK
BLACK/WHITE
1
BLACK/WHITE
BLUE
YELLOW
BROWN/WHITE
BLACK/
WHITE
T1
T2
YELLOW/RED
YELLOW
RED
BLACK
L1
L2
3-PIN PLUG
YELLOW
BLUE
RED
BLACK
BLUE
RED
PUMP OUTPUT
BLACK
GREEN
Manual2100-537I
Page 54 of 54
POWER
L1
3
R
C
99
Low Voltage
3-AMP
CIRCUIT BREAKER
LOW
PRESSURE
SWITCH
HIGH
PRESSURE
SWITCH
LIMIT
THERMISTOR
THERMISTOR
Factory
Field
WARNING
L2
Optional
4117-101 C
USE COPPER CONDUCTORS
ONLY SUITABLE FOR AT LEAST
75° C.
!
24 VAC FROM AIR HANDLING UNIT
FS2
N
PUMP
OUTPUT
L2
Compressor
Contactor
Wire Identification numbers
for Bard use only.
High Voltage
*ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
*DISCONNECT POWER BEFORE
SERVICING.
DANGER
COMPRESSOR
CONTACTOR
CCG
FS
LP1
LP2
HP2
GEOTHERMAL C1
LOGIC
HP1
CONTROL
L
CC
T2
7
COMPRESSOR
STAGING SOLENOID
CO
COG
C
IN
4
REVERSING VALVE SOLENOID
L
COG
C
OUT
OVER-TEMP
LIMIT
N
LINE
VOLTAGE
DESUPERHEATER
LOGIC CONTROL
4-PIN BLOWER
POWER PLUG
FLOW CENTER RELAY
3-PIN PLUG
Compressor
S
4
DESUPERHEATER
PUMP MOTOR
3
CO
Y
Y1
2
2
IN
DESUPERHEATER
LOGIC
OUT
CONTROL
Y
R
1
1
FLOW CENTER
TERMINAL BLOCK
Capacitor
T1
6
R1
A
!
L1
Compressor
Contactor
9
A
Y2
O
E
R
I
PUMP
OUTPUT
FLOW CENTER RELAY
3-AMP
CIRCUIT BREAKER
L
LINE
VOLTAGE
DESUPERHEATER
LOGIC CONTROL
208/230-60-1 POWER SOURCE