Specifications | BMW 735iL Automobile User Manual

2007 Cadillac SRX Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ....................... 7
Front Seats .............................................. 9
Rear Seats ............................................. 18
Safety Belts ............................................ 22
Child Restraints ...................................... 43
Airbag System ........................................ 70
Restraint System Check
......................... 89
Features and Controls ................................ 91
Keys ....................................................... 93
Doors and Locks .................................. 100
Windows ............................................... 108
Theft-Deterrent Systems
....................... 112
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ....... 116
Mirrors .................................................. 134
OnStar® System ................................... 139
M
Universal Home Remote System
.......... 143
Storage Areas
...................................... 153
Sunroof
................................................ 156
Instrument Panel .......................................
Instrument Panel Overview ...................
Climate Controls ...................................
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
..........................................
Driver Information Center (DIC)
............
Audio System(s) ...................................
161
164
189
197
214
240
Driving Your Vehicle ................................. 273
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
..................................... 274
Towing
................................................. 328
1
Service and Appearance Care ..................
Service .................................................
Fuel ......................................................
Checking Things Under the Hood .........
All-Wheel Drive .....................................
Rear Axle .............................................
Front Axle
............................................
Bulb Replacement
................................
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
....
Tires .....................................................
Appearance Care ..................................
2
343
346
349
354
392
394
395
396
397
398
443
Vehicle Identification ............................. 453
Electrical System .................................. 454
Capacities and Specifications ................ 464
Maintenance Schedule .............................. 467
Maintenance Schedule .......................... 468
Customer Assistance Information ............. 487
Customer Assistance and Information ..... 488
Reporting Safety Defects ...................... 504
Index .......................................................... 507
This manual describes features that may be
available in this model, but your vehicle may not
have all of them. For example, more than one
entertainment system may be offered or your
vehicle may have been ordered without a front
passenger or rear seats.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest and Wreath, and
the name SRX are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the
time it was printed. We reserve the right to
make changes to the product after that time
without notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada,
substitute the name “General Motors of Canada
Limited” for Cadillac Motor Car Division whenever
it appears in this manual.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 15861908 A First Printing
©
Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there
if it is needed while you are on the road. If the
vehicle is sold, leave this manual in the vehicle.
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be
obtained from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
2006 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
3
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from
beginning to end when they first receive their new
vehicle. If this is done, it can help you learn
about the features and controls for the vehicle.
Pictures and words work together in the
owner manual to explain things.
Index
A good place to quickly locate information about
the vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual.
It is an alphabetical list of what is in the manual
and the page number where it can be found.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
There are a number of safety cautions in this
book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to
tell about things that could hurt you if you were to
ignore the warning.
4
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could
hurt you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or
reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions. If
you do not, you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a
circle with a slash
through it in this book.
This safety symbol
means “Do Not,” “Do
Not do this” or “Do Not
let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along
with the text describing the operation or information
relating to a specific component, control, message,
gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something
that could damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage
the vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could
be costly. But the notice will tell what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle. They
use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage, or indicator, reference the
following topics:
• Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
• Features and Controls in Section 2
• Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
• Climate Controls in Section 3
• Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in
Section 3
• Audio System(s) in Section 3
• Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
6
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ..................................................... 9
Manual Seats ................................................ 9
Power Seats ............................................... 10
Power Lumbar ............................................. 10
Heated Seats .............................................. 11
Memory Seat and Mirrors ............................ 12
Reclining Seatbacks .................................... 14
Head Restraints .......................................... 17
Rear Seats .................................................... 18
Rear Seat Operation ................................... 18
Stowable Seat ............................................. 20
Safety Belts .................................................. 22
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ........... 22
Questions and Answers About Safety
Belts ........................................................ 26
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............. 27
Driver Position ............................................. 27
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy .............. 35
Right Front Passenger Position ................... 36
Rear Seat Passengers ................................ 36
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ................ 39
Safety Belt Pretensioners ............................ 42
Safety Belt Extender ................................... 42
Child Restraints ............................................ 43
Older Children ............................................. 43
Infants and Young Children ......................... 46
Child Restraint Systems .............................. 49
Where to Put the Restraint .......................... 53
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) .................................................. 55
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position ........................................... 62
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position .................................. 65
7
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Airbag System .............................................. 70
Where Are the Airbags? .............................. 73
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................. 77
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ................... 79
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ................... 79
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates? ................................................... 80
Passenger Sensing System ......................... 81
8
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ...... 87
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .......................... 88
Restraint System Check ............................... 89
Checking the Restraint Systems .................. 89
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash ................................................... 90
Front Seats
Manual Seats
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
Your vehicle may have manual seats. To adjust the
seat, lift the bar under the front of the seat to unlock
it. Slide the seat to where you want it and release
the bar. Try to move the seat back and forth with
your body to be sure the seat is locked in place.
9
Power Seats
• Raise or lower the rear part of the seat
cushion by moving the rear of the horizontal
control up or down.
• Raise or lower the entire seat by moving the
entire horizontal control up or down.
The vertical control is used for reclining your
seatback. See “Power Reclining Seatbacks” under
Reclining Seatbacks on page 14 for more
information.
Power Lumbar
If the vehicle has power seats, the controls used
to operate them are located on the outboard
side of the seats.
• Move the seat forward or rearward by sliding
the horizontal control forward or rearward.
• Raise or lower the front part of the seat
cushion by moving the front of the horizontal
control up or down.
10
Your vehicle may have
this feature. The driver’s
and passenger’s
seatback lumbar support
can be adjusted by
moving the control
located on the outboard
side of the seat
cushions.
To increase or decrease support, hold the control
forward or rearward. Keep in mind that as your
seating position changes, as it may during
long trips, so should the position of your lumbar
support. Adjust the seat as needed.
Heated Seats
Your vehicle may have
heated front seats. The
controls are located
on the driver’s and
passenger’s doors,
near the door handle.
I (Heated Seatback): Press this button to turn
on the heated seatback.
The light on the button will come on to indicate
that the feature is working. Press the button
to cycle through the temperature settings of high,
medium, and low and to turn the heat to the
seatback off. Indicator lights next to the button
show the level of heat selected: three for high,
two for medium, and one for low.
J (Heated Seat and Seatback): Press this
button to turn on the heated seat and seatback.
The light on the button will come on to indicate that
the feature is working. Press the button to cycle
through the temperature settings of high, medium,
and low and to turn the heat to the seat off.
Indicator lights next to the button will show the
level of heat selected: three for high, two for
medium, and one for low.
The heated seats will be canceled ten seconds
after the ignition is turned off. If you want to
use the heated seat feature after you restart your
vehicle, you will need to press the appropriate
heated seat or seatback button again.
11
Memory Seat and Mirrors
If your vehicle has the memory feature, you can
program and recall memory settings for the driver’s
seating and outside rearview mirror driving
positions for up to two drivers. If your vehicle has
the adjustable throttle and brake pedal feature,
you can also program and recall memory settings
for the throttle and brake pedal driving positions.
2. Press and hold button 1 for at least
three seconds.
Two beeps will sound to confirm that the seat
and mirror positions have been saved.
3. Repeat the procedure for a second driver
using button 2.
The vehicle must be in PARK (P) to recall the
stored driving positions.
Press one of the numbered memory buttons to
recall the stored setting. Each time a memory
button is pressed, a single beep will sound.
A chime will sound and the setting will not be
recalled if you press button 1 or 2 when the vehicle
is not in PARK (P).
The buttons for this feature are located on the
driver’s door armrest.
Use the following steps to program the buttons:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat including the seatback
recliner, both outside mirrors, and the throttle
and brake pedals. See Outside Power
Heated Mirrors on page 137 and Adjustable
Throttle and Brake Pedal on page 120
for more information.
12
If you would like the stored driving positions to be
recalled when unlocking your vehicle with the
remote keyless entry transmitter or when you place
the key in the ignition, see DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 231.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at
any time, press one of the power seat or mirror
controls.
Two personalized exit positions can also be
programmed. Use the following steps to program
exit positions:
1. Press memory seat button 1 or the button with
the unlock symbol on the remote keyless
entry transmitter with the number 1 on
the back to recall the driving position.
2. Adjust the driver’s seat to the desired exit
position.
3. Press and hold the exit button located above
buttons 1 and 2 on the driver’s door armrest
for at least three seconds.
Two beeps will sound to confirm that the exit
position has been saved.
4. Repeat the procedure for a second driver
using memory seat button 2 or the remote
keyless entry transmitter with the number 2 on
the back.
To recall the stored exit positions, press and
release the exit button. One beep will sound, and
the seat will move to the previously stored exit
position for the currently identified driver. If an exit
position has not been stored for this driver, the
seat will move all the way back. The position of the
outside mirrors is not stored or recalled for the
exit position.
The vehicle must be in PARK (P) to recall the exit
positions.
A chime will sound and the exit setting will not be
recalled if you press the exit button when the
vehicle is not in PARK (P).
If you would like your stored exit position to be
recalled when unlocking the vehicle with the
remote keyless entry transmitter or when the
ignition is turned off and the driver’s door is
opened, see DIC Vehicle Customization on
page 231.
13
Reclining Seatbacks
Manual Reclining Seatbacks
If your front passenger’s seat has a manual
reclining seatback, the lever used to operate it is
located on the outboard side of the seat.
{CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you
try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while
the vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and confuse you,
or make you push a pedal when you do
not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only
when the vehicle is not moving.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
14
To recline the seatback, do the following:
1. Lift the recline lever.
2. Move the seatback to the desired position,
then release the lever to lock the seatback
in place.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
To return the seatback to an upright position, do
the following:
1. Lift the lever fully without applying pressure to
the seatback and the seatback will return to
the upright position.
2. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
Power Reclining Seatbacks
If your seats have power reclining seatbacks, use
the vertical power seat control located on the
outboard side of each seat.
• To recline the seatback, press the control
toward the rear of the vehicle.
• To raise the seatback, press the control
toward the front of the vehicle.
15
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your
vehicle is in motion can be dangerous.
Even if you buckle up, your safety belts
cannot do their job when you are reclined
like this.
The shoulder belt cannot do its job. In a
crash, you could go into it, receiving neck
or other injuries.
The lap belt cannot do its job either. In a
crash the belt could go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at your pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is
in motion, have the seatback upright.
Then sit well back in the seat and wear
your safety belt properly.
Do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
16
Head Restraints
The height of the front
seat head restraints can
be adjusted. Pull the
restraint up to raise it.
To lower it, press
the button, located on
the top of the seatback,
and push the head
restraint down.
The front seat head restraints can also tilt forward
and rearward. The second row seat head rests
do not tilt.
Adjust the head restraint so that the top of the
restraint is at the same height as the top of
the occupant’s head. This position reduces the
chance of a neck injury in a crash.
The height of the second row seat outboard head
rests and the third row seat head rests, if the
vehicle has them, can be adjusted. Pull these head
rests up or push them down for adjustment.
The second row seat may have a head rest in the
center position.
17
If the vehicle has third row seats, the head rests
adjust like the front seat head restraints.
Rear Seats
Rear Seat Operation
Adjusting the Second Row Seat
The second row seat can be adjusted forward or
rearward. Pull up on the lever under the seat
cushion and slide the seat with your body. Release
the lever and try to move the seat forward and
rearward to be sure it is locked into place.
The third row seat head rests can be removed
from the seatback. To do this, press the button,
located on the top of the seatback, and pull them
out from the seatback. Store the head rest,
front side facing up, in the compartment behind
the third row, by inserting the head rest posts into
the slots in the storage area.
18
Entering or Exiting the Third Row Seat
{CAUTION:
Be sure to return the seat to the passenger
seating position when finished. Push and
pull on the seat to make sure it is locked
into place. Never use the third row seating
position while the second row is folded, or
folded and tumbled. This could cause
injury in a sudden stop or crash.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
To operate the seat, pull the release handle
located on the top of the seatback. Fold the
seatback forward, then pull the release handle on
the top of the seatback to release the seat to
tumble forward.
The passenger’s side of the second row seat has
an easy entry feature. This makes it easy to
get in and out of the third row seat, if your vehicle
has one.
19
Stowable Seat
If your vehicle has a third row seat, it is a power
folding seat.
The head rests need to be removed before folding
the third row seat. See Head Restraints on
page 17 for instructions for removing the third row
seat head rests. The seatback will not fold all
of the way down if the head rests are not removed.
The buttons that are used to operate the power
folding third row seat are located inside of the
liftgate and behind the second row seat on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle.
Two buttons are located inside the liftgate.
One button is to tilt the seatback forward for added
storage space or when storing a flat tire. The
other button is the power folding seat button. The
button behind the second row seat is also a
power folding seat button. Press and hold either
one of the two power folding seat buttons to
fold the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
Inside Liftgate
20
Before folding or unfolding the third row seat, all of
the following conditions must be met:
• The liftgate or passenger’s side rear door
must be open.
• The unlock button on either the remote
keyless entry transmitter or the door must be
pressed three times to enable the rear
seat for two minutes, or the ignition must be in
ON or ACCESSORY.
• The vehicle must be in PARK (P).
• The vehicle cannot have a low battery.
After the seat has folded, the panel on the seat
must be folded forward to create the flat floor.
If the seat’s path is blocked it will stop and back
away. Press the button again to return the seat to
its previous position.
Before returning the third row seat to the
passenger seating position, the panel must be
folded back upon itself. Press and hold one of the
power folding seat buttons and the seat will
unfold into the seating position. If the seat is not
unfolded fully into the seating position, a chime will
sound when the vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P).
This indicates that the seat is not ready for a
passenger.
Replace the head rests.
21
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use
safety belts properly. It also tells you some things
you should not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where he or she
cannot wear a safety belt properly. If you
are in a crash and you are not wearing a
safety belt, your injuries can be much
worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be
seriously injured or killed. In the same
crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety
belt, and check that your passengers’
belts are fastened properly too.
22
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a
cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle.
In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or
killed. Do not allow people to ride in any
area of your vehicle that is not equipped
with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and
using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up.
See Safety Belt
Reminder Light on
page 200.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the
law says to wear safety belts. Here is why:
They work.
You never know if you will be in a crash. If you do
have a crash, you do not know if it will be a
bad one.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast
as it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be
so serious that even buckled up, a person
would not survive. But most crashes are in
between. In many of them, people who buckle up
can survive and sometimes walk away. Without
belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.
After more than 40 years of safety belts in
vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes
buckling up does matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a
seat on wheels.
23
Put someone on it.
24
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The
rider does not stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by
something. In a real vehicle, it could be the
windshield...
or the instrument panel...
25
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a
safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a
safety belt, even if you are upside down. And
your chance of being conscious during and
after an accident, so you can unbuckle and get
out, is much greater if you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I
have to wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle
does. You get more time to stop. You stop
over more distance, and your strongest bones
take the forces. That is why safety belts
make such good sense.
26
A: Airbags are supplemental systems only; so
they work with safety belts — not instead of
them. Every airbag system ever offered
for sale has required the use of safety belts.
Even if you are in a vehicle that has airbags,
you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That is true not only in frontal
collisions, but especially in side and other
collisions.
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive far
from home, why should I wear safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are
in an accident — even one that is not your
fault — you and your passengers can be hurt.
Being a good driver does not protect you
from things beyond your control, such as bad
drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of
serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds
of less than 40 mph (65 km/h).
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know
about safety belts and children. And there
are different rules for smaller children and babies.
If a child will be riding in your vehicle, see
Older Children on page 43 or Infants and Young
Children on page 46. Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
First, you will want to know which restraint
systems your vehicle has.
We will start with the driver position.
Safety belts are for everyone.
Driver Position
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To
see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
27
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 42.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the
belt across you very quickly. If this happens,
let the belt go back slightly to unlock it.
Then pull the belt across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure.
28
5. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder belt.
It may be necessary to pull stitching on the
safety belt through the latch plate to fully
tighten the lap belt on smaller occupants.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In
a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you would be less likely to slide under
the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would
apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and across the
chest. These parts of the body are best able
to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop
or crash.
29
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give
nearly as much protection this way.
30
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your lap belt
is too loose. In a crash, you could slide
under the lap belt and apply force at your
abdomen. This could cause serious or
even fatal injuries. The lap belt should be
worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs.
A: The lap belt is too loose. It will not give nearly
as much protection this way.
31
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a
crash, the belt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at the pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries. Always buckle
your belt into the buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
32
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear
the shoulder belt under your arm. In a
crash, your body would move too far
forward, which would increase the chance
of head and neck injury. Also, the belt
would apply too much force to the ribs,
which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure
internal organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It
should be worn over the shoulder at all times.
33
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted
belt. In a crash, you would not have the
full width of the belt to spread impact
forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight
so it can work properly, or ask your dealer
to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
34
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely
to be seriously injured if they do not wear
safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out
of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can
damage both the belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder
belt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as
possible, below the rounding, throughout the
pregnancy.
35
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it
is more likely that the fetus will not be hurt
in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone,
the key to making safety belts effective is wearing
them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see Driver Position on
page 27.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the
same way as the driver’s safety belt — except
for one thing.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt
the latch plate and keep pulling until you can
buckle the belt.
Rear Seat Passengers
It is very important for rear seat passengers to
buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted
people in the rear seat are hurt more often in
crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.
36
Rear passengers who are not safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can
strike others in the vehicle who are wearing safety
belts.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All rear seat positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here is how to wear one properly.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let
the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull
the belt across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the
way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the
way and start again.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 42.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
37
3. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder part.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a
crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones.
And you would be less likely to slide under the lap
belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at
your abdomen. This could cause serious or even
fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the
shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or
a crash.
38
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides may provide
added safety belt comfort for older children
who have outgrown booster seats and for small
adults. When installed on a shoulder belt, the
comfort guide better positions the belt away from
the neck and head.
There is one guide available for each of the rear
outside passenger positions in the second row.
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
39
Here is how to install the comfort guide to the
shoulder belt.
1. Slide the guide off of its storage clip located
on the seatback.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies
flat. The elastic cord must be under the belt
and the guide on top.
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The
elastic cord must be under the belt. Then,
place the guide over the belt and insert
the two edges of the belt into the slots of
the guide.
40
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is not properly worn may
not provide the protection needed in a
crash. The person wearing the belt could
be seriously injured. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the body are best
able to take belt restraining forces.
4. Buckle, position, and release the safety belt
as described in Rear Seat Passengers on
page 36. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guide, squeeze
the belt edges together so that you can take
them out of the guide. Slide the guide back on its
storage clip located on the seatback.
41
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Safety Belt Extender
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the
driver and right front passenger. Although you
cannot see them, they are part of the safety belt
assembly. They help tighten the safety belts during
the early stages of a moderate to severe frontal
or near frontal crash if the threshold conditions for
pretensioner activation are met. And, if your
vehicle has side impact rollover airbags, safety
belt pretensioners can help tighten the safety belts
in a side crash or a rollover event.
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you will need to get new ones, and
probably other new parts for your safety belt
system. See Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash on page 90.
42
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer
will order you an extender. When you go in to
order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. To
help avoid personal injury, do not let someone else
use it, and use it only for the seat it is made to
fit. The extender has been designed for adults.
Never use it for securing child seats. To wear it,
just attach it to the regular safety belt. For
more information see the instruction sheet that
comes with the extender.
Child Restraints
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety
belts?
Older Children
A: An older child should wear a lap-shoulder belt
and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt
can provide. The shoulder belt should not
cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or
even fatal internal injuries in a crash.
According to accident statistics, children are safer
when properly restrained in the rear seating
positions than in the front seating positions.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats
should wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can
strike other people who are buckled up, or can be
thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need
to use safety belts properly.
43
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same
belt. The belt cannot properly spread the
impact forces. In a crash, the two children
can be crushed together and seriously
injured. A belt must be used by only
one person at a time.
44
belt, but the child is so small that the
shoulder belt is very close to the child’s
face or neck?
A: If the child is sitting in a seat next to a
window, move the child toward the center of
the vehicle. Also see Rear Safety Belt
Comfort Guides on page 39. If the child is
sitting in the center rear seat passenger
position, move the child toward the safety belt
buckle. In either case, be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so
that in a crash the child’s upper body would
have the restraint that belts provide.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the
belt in this way, in a crash the child might
slide under the belt. The belt’s force
would then be applied right on the child’s
abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the child’s thighs. This applies belt force
to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
45
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This
includes infants and all other children. Neither the
distance traveled nor the age and size of the
traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use
safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state
in the United States and in every Canadian
province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Never leave children
unattended in a vehicle and never allow
children to play with the safety belts.
Every time infants and young children ride in
vehicles, they should have the protection provided
by appropriate restraints.
46
Young children should not use the vehicle’s adult
safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their
arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby
does not weigh much — until a crash.
During a crash a baby will become so
heavy it is not possible to hold it. For
example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby will
suddenly become a 240 lb (110 kg) force
on a person’s arms. A baby should be
secured in an appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Young
children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer protection for
adults and older children, but not for
CAUTION:
(Continued)
47
Q: What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
{CAUTION:
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should
take into consideration not only the child’s
weight, height, and age but also whether or not
the restraint will be compatible with the motor
vehicle in which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there
are many different models available. When
purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is
designed to be used in a motor vehicle. If it is,
the restraint will have a label saying that it
meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular child restraint.
In addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
48
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck.
This is necessary because a newborn
infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs
so much compared with the rest of its
body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facing
seat settles into the restraint, so the crash
forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the
back and shoulders. Infants always
should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is
quite unlike that of an adult or older child,
for whom the safety belts are designed. A
young child’s hip bones are still so small
that the vehicle’s regular safety belt may
not remain low on the hip bones, as it
should. Instead, it may settle up around
the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt
would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This
alone could cause serious or fatal injuries.
Young children always should be secured
in appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface. Make sure that the infant’s
head rests toward the center of the vehicle.
49
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint
with the seating surface against the back of the
infant. The harness system holds the infant
in place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant
positioned in the restraint.
50
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint
for the child’s body with the harness and also
sometimes with surfaces such as T-shaped
or shelf-like shields.
Q: How Should I Use a Child Restraint?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed
for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or
position children. A built-in child restraint
system is a permanent part of the motor
vehicle. An add-on child restraint system is a
portable one, which is purchased by the
vehicle’s owner. To help reduce injuries, an
add-on child restraint must be secured in
the vehicle. With built-in or add-on child
restraints, the child has to be secured within
the child restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed
to improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt
system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt
positioner, and some high-back booster seats
have a five-point harness. A booster seat can also
help a child to see out the window.
When choosing an add-on child restraint, be
sure the child restraint is designed to be
used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a label
saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Then follow the instructions
for the restraint. You may find these
instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both.
51
Securing an Add-on Child Restraint in
the Vehicle
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child restraint is not
properly secured in the vehicle. Make sure
the child restraint is properly installed in
the vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belt
or LATCH system, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
To help reduce the chance of injury, the child
restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Child
restraint systems must be secured in vehicle seats
by lap belts or the lap belt portion of a lap-shoulder
belt, or by the LATCH system.
52
See Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 55 for more information. A child
can be endangered in a crash if the child
restraint is not properly secured in the vehicle.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to
the instructions that come with the restraint
which may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet,
or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not
available, obtain a replacement copy from the
manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Securing the Child Within the Child
Restraint
There are several systems for securing the child
within the child restraint. One system, the
three-point harness, has straps that come down
over each of the infant’s shoulders and buckle
together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps, and
a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against
the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
Because there are different systems, it is important
to refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint. A child can be endangered in a crash if
the child is not properly secured in the child
restraint.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. We recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in
a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding
in a booster seat.
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child is not properly
secured in the child restraint. Make sure
the child is properly secured, following
the instructions that came with that
restraint.
53
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can
CAUTION:
54
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
Wherever you install a child restraint, be sure to
secure the child restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH)
Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints
have lower anchors and attachments or top
tether anchors and attachments.
The LATCH system holds a child restraint during
driving or in a crash. This system is designed
to make installation of a child restraint easier. The
LATCH system uses anchors in the vehicle and
attachments on the child restraint that are made for
use with the LATCH system.
Lower Anchors
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible child restraint
is properly installed using the anchors, or use
the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came with that
restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.
When installing a child restraint with a top
tether, you must also use either the lower anchors
or the safety belts to properly secure the child
restraint. A child restraint must never be installed
using only the top tether and anchor.
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle,
you need a child restraint that has LATCH
attachments. The child restraint manufacturer will
provide you with instructions on how to use
the child restraint and its attachments. The
following explains how to attach a child restraint
with these attachments in your vehicle.
Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the
vehicle. There are two lower anchors for each
LATCH seating position that will accommodate a
child restraint with lower attachments (B).
55
Top Tether Anchor
Your child restraint may have a single tether (A)
or a dual tether (C). Either will have a single
attachment (B) to secure the top tether to
the anchor.
Some child restraints that have a top tether are
designed for use with or without the top tether
being attached. Others require the top tether
always to be attached. In Canada, the law requires
that forward-facing child restraints have a top
tether, and that the tether be attached. In
the United States, some child restraints also have
a top tether. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint.
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child
restraint to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built
into the vehicle. The top tether attachment (B)
on the child restraint connects to the top tether
anchor in the vehicle in order to reduce the forward
movement and rotation of the child restraint
during driving or in a crash.
56
If the child restraint does not have a top tether,
one can be obtained, in kit form, for many
child restraints. Ask the child restraint
manufacturer whether or not a kit is available.
Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor
Locations
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
To assist you in locating
the top tether anchors,
the top tether anchor
symbol is located
near the top tether
anchors.
j (Lower Anchor):
Seating positions with
two lower anchors.
Second Row
Each outboard seating position in the second row
has exposed metal lower anchors in the crease
between the seatback and the seat cushion.
57
Do not secure a child restraint in the right front
passenger’s position or any third row position if a
national or local law requires that the top tether
be attached, or if the instructions that come
with the child restraint say that the top tether must
be attached. There is no place to attach the top
tether in this position.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. See Where to Put the Restraint on page 53
for additional information.
There are two top tether anchors located on the
side of the wheel well in the rear cargo area. There
is another top tether anchor in the center of the
rear cargo area. Be sure to use an anchor located
on the same side of the vehicle as the seating
position where the child restraint will be placed.
58
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not
attached to anchors, the restraint will not
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
crash, the child could be seriously injured
or killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type
child restraint is properly installed using
the anchors, or use the vehicle’s safety
belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
{CAUTION:
Each top tether anchor and lower anchor
in the vehicle is designed to hold only
one child restraint. Attaching more than
one child restraint to a single anchor
could cause the anchor or attachment to
come loose or even break during a crash.
A child or others could be injured if this
happens. To help prevent injury to people
and damage to your vehicle, attach only
one child restraint per anchor.
59
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Secure any unused
safety belts behind the child restraint so
children cannot reach them. Pull the
shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock, if your vehicle
has one, after the child restraint has been
installed. Be sure to follow the
instructions of the child restraint
manufacturer.
Notice: Contact between the child restraint or
the LATCH attachment parts and the vehicle’s
safety belt assembly may cause damage to
these parts. Make sure when securing unused
safety belts behind the child restraint that
there is no contact between the child restraint
or the LATCH attachment parts and the
vehicle’s safety belt assembly.
60
Folding an empty rear seat with the safety
belts secured may cause damage to the safety
belt or the seat. When removing the child
restraint, always remember to return the safety
belts to their normal, stowed position before
folding the rear seat.
1. Attach and tighten the lower attachments to
the lower anchors. If the child restraint does
not have lower attachments or the desired
seating position does not have lower anchors,
secure the child restraint with the top tether
and the safety belts. Refer to your child
restraint manufacturer instructions and the
instructions in this manual.
1.1. Find the lower anchors for the desired
seating position.
1.2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
1.3. Attach and tighten the lower attachments
on the child restraint to the lower
anchors.
2. If the child restraint manufacturer recommends
that the top tether be attached, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor,
if equipped. Refer to the child restraint
instructions and the following steps:
2.1. Find the top tether anchor.
2.2. If you have an adjustable head restraint,
raise the head restraint.
2.3. Route, attach and tighten the top tether
according to your child restraint
instructions and the following
instructions:
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and
you are using a single
tether, route the
tether over the
seatback.
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and
you are using a dual
tether, route the
tether over the
seatback.
If the position you are
using has an adjustable
head restraint and you
are using a dual tether,
route the tether under
the head restraint and in
between the head
restraint posts.
61
If the position you are
using has an adjustable
head restraint and you
are using a single tether,
route the tether under
the head restraint and in
between the head
restraint posts.
3. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
62
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position
If your child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 55.
There are no top tether anchors in the third row
seating positions. Do not secure a child restraint in
the third row if a national or local law requires
that a top tether be anchored or if the instructions
that come with the restraint say that the top
tether must be anchored.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH
system, you will be using the lap-shoulder
belt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be
sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
{CAUTION:
In a crash, a child secured in a rear-facing
child restraint in the center rear seating
position could be injured by the vehicle’s
armrest. To reduce this risk, the armrest
should first be secured with a special
armrest retention strap. You can get this
from your dealer.
If you are using a rear-facing child restraint in the
second row center position, install the armrest
retention strap.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
63
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
64
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt.
6. If your child restraint has a top tether, and the
position that you are using has a top tether
anchor, attach and tighten the top tether to the
top tether anchor. Refer to the instructions
that came with the child restraint and to Lower
Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 55.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the
vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be
ready to work for an adult or larger child
passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a right front passenger airbag.
A rear seat is a safer place to secure a
forward-facing child restraint. See Where to
Put the Restraint on page 53.
In addition, your vehicle has a passenger sensing
system. The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag when an infant in a rear-facing infant
seat or a small child in a forward-facing child
restraint or booster seat is detected. See
Passenger Sensing System on page 81 and
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 202 for
more information on this including important
safety information.
65
A label on your sun visor says, “Never put a
rear-facing child seat in the front.” This is because
the risk to the rear-facing child is so great, if the
airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag if the
system detects a rear-facing child
restraint, no system is fail-safe, and no
CAUTION:
66
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
one can guarantee that an airbag will not
deploy under some unusual circumstance,
even though it is turned off. We
recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be secured in the rear seat,
even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat position, move the
seat as far back as it will go before securing
the forward-facing child restraint. See Manual
Seats on page 9 or Power Seats on page 10.
If your child restraint has the LATCH system,
see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 55.
There is no top tether anchor in the right front
passenger’s position. Do not secure a child seat in
this position if a national or local law requires that
the top tether be anchored, or if the instructions that
come with the child restraint say that the top tether
must be anchored. See Lower Anchors and Tethers
for Children (LATCH) on page 55 if your child
restraint has a top tether.
You will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure
the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow
the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
frontal airbag. See Passenger Sensing
System on page 81. We recommend that
rear-facing child restraints be secured in a rear
seat, even if the airbag is off. If your child
restraint is forward-facing, move the seat as
far back as it will go before securing the
child restraint in this seat. See Manual Seats
on page 9 or Power Seats on page 10.
When the passenger sensing system has
turned off the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag, the off indicator in the passenger
airbag status indicator should light and stay lit
when you turn the ignition to ON or START.
See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
on page 202.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
67
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
68
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove
the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the
child restraint.
If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion. If
this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder
belt while you push down on the child
restraint. You may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
7. If the airbag is off, the off indicator in the
instrument panel will be lit and stay lit
when the key is turned to ON or START.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the
child restraint in a rear seat position in the
vehicle and check with your dealer.
To remove the child restraint, unbuckle the
vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be
ready to work for an adult or larger child
passenger.
69
Airbag System
Your vehicle has the following airbags:
• A frontal airbag for the driver.
• A frontal airbag for the right front passenger.
• A seat-mounted side impact airbag for the
driver.
• A seat-mounted side impact airbag for the
right front passenger.
• A roof-mounted airbag for the driver, right
front passenger, and second row outboard
passenger positions.
Airbags are designed to supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Even though today’s
airbags are also designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating bag, all
airbags must inflate very quickly to do their job.
70
Here are the most important things to know about
the airbag system:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a
crash if you are not wearing your safety
belt — even if you have airbags. Wearing
your safety belt during a crash helps
reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it.
Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to
the safety belts. All airbags are designed
to work with safety belts, but do not
replace them.
{CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Frontal airbags for the driver and right
front passenger are designed to deploy in
moderate to severe frontal and near
frontal crashes. They are not designed to
inflate in rollover, rear crashes, or in many
side crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal airbags may provide
less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful airbags have provided in
the past.
Roof-mounted side impact airbags are
designed to inflate in moderate to severe
crashes where something hits the side of
your vehicle. They may inflate in some
frontal crashes. They are not designed to
inflate in rear crashes. The vehicle is
designed to deploy the roof-mounted side
impact airbags in the event of a vehicle
rollover.
Seat-mounted side impact airbags are
designed to inflate in moderate to severe
crashes where something hits the side of
your vehicle. They are not designed to
inflate in frontal, in rollover, or in rear
crashes.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a
safety belt properly — whether or not
there is an airbag for that person.
(Continued)
71
72
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact airbags
inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you are too close to an
inflating airbag, as you would be if you
were leaning forward, it could seriously
injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for airbag inflation before and
during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt even with frontal airbags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while
still maintaining control of the vehicle.
Occupants should not lean on or sleep
against the door.
Anyone who is up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer the best
protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s
safety belt system nor its airbag system is
designed for them. Young children and
infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle.
To read how, see Older Children on
page 43 or Infants and Young Children on
page 46.
There is an airbag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the
airbag symbol.
Where Are the Airbags?
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 201 for more information.
The driver’s frontal airbag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
73
The right front passenger’s frontal airbag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
74
The driver’s seat-mounted side impact airbag is in
the side of the driver’s seatback closest to the door.
The right front passenger’s seat-mounted side
impact airbag is in the side of the passenger’s
seatback closest to the door.
The roof-mounted side impact airbag for the driver
and the passenger directly behind the driver is
in the ceiling above the side windows.
75
{CAUTION:
The roof-mounted side impact airbag for the front
passenger and the passenger directly behind
the front passenger is in the ceiling above the side
windows.
76
If something is between an occupant and
an airbag, the airbag might not inflate
properly or it might force the object into
that person causing severe injury or even
death. The path of an inflating airbag must
be kept clear. Do not put anything
between an occupant and an airbag, and
do not attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any
other airbag covering. Never secure
anything to the roof of your vehicle by
routing the rope or tie-down through any
door or window opening. If you do, the
path of an inflating airbag will be blocked.
Do not let seat covers block the inflation
path of a side impact airbag. The path of
an inflating airbag must be kept clear.
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
airbags are designed to inflate in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal crashes. But they are
designed to inflate only if the impact exceeds a
predetermined deployment threshold. Deployment
thresholds take into account a variety of desired
deployment and non-deployment events and are
used to predict how severe a crash is likely to be in
time for the airbags to inflate and help restrain the
occupants. Whether your frontal airbags will or
should deploy is not based on how fast your vehicle
is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit, the
direction of the impact, and how quickly your
vehicle slows down.
Your vehicle has a dual-stage driver airbag, which
adjusts the restraint according to crash severity
using electronic frontal sensor(s), which help
the sensing system distinguish between a
moderate frontal impact and a more severe frontal
impact. The dual-stage driver airbag inflates to
a level less than full deployment for moderate
frontal impacts and to a full deployment for more
severe frontal impacts.
Your vehicle has a dual-depth passenger airbag
that adjusts the restraint according to crash
severity and seat location using electronic frontal
sensor(s) and other special sensors which
enable the sensing system to monitor the status of
the position of the front passenger seat. The
passenger airbag inflates to a reduced depth when
the passenger seat is in a forward position. For
more rearward front seating positions, the
passenger airbag may inflate to an increased
depth (a full deployment), based on the crash
severity measured early in the event. Always wear
your safety belt, even with frontal airbags.
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall
that does not move or deform, the threshold
level for the reduced deployment is about
12 to 16 mph (19 to 26 km/h), and the threshold
level for a full deployment is about 18 to 24 mph
(29 to 38.5 km/h). The threshold level can
vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that
it can be somewhat above or below this range.
77
Frontal airbags may inflate at different crash
speeds. For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a moving object.
• If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits an object does
not deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole),
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits a wide object
(like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle,
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle goes straight into
the object.
Frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger)
are not intended to inflate during vehicle
rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts.
78
Seat-mounted side impact and roof-mounted
airbags are intended to inflate in moderate
to severe side crashes. Seat-mounted side impact
airbags are not intended to inflate in frontal or
near-frontal impacts, rollovers, or rear impacts. In
addition, roof-mounted side impact airbags are
intended to inflate during a rollover or in a severe
frontal impact. Roof-mounted side impact
airbags are not intended to inflate in rear impacts.
Seat-mounted side impact and roof-mounted
airbags will inflate if the crash severity is above
the system’s designed “threshold level.” The
threshold level can vary with specific vehicle
design. A seat-mounted side impact airbag
is intended to deploy on the side of the vehicle
that is struck. Both roof-mounted airbags are
intended to deploy when either side of the vehicle
is struck or during a rollover.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether
an airbag should have inflated simply because
of the damage to a vehicle or because of what the
repair costs were. For frontal airbags, inflation is
determined by what the vehicle hits, the angle
of the impact, and how quickly the vehicle slows
down in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For
side impact airbags, inflation is determined by the
location and severity of the impact.
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag
sensing system detects that the vehicle is
in a crash. In the case of a “rollover capable”
roof-mounted side impact airbag, the sensing
system detects that the vehicle is about to
roll over. The sensing system triggers a release of
gas from the inflator, which inflates the airbag.
The inflator, airbag and related hardware are all
part of the airbag modules inside the steering
wheel, instrument panel, the side of the front
seatbacks closest to the door and the ceiling of
the vehicle, near the side windows.
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the
steering wheel or the instrument panel. In
moderate to severe side collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the inside of the vehicle.
Airbags supplement the protection provided
by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force of the
impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But
the frontal airbags would not help you in many
types of collisions, including rollovers, rear
impacts, and many side impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward the airbag.
Side impact airbags would not help you in many
types of collisions, including many frontal or
near frontal collisions, and rear impacts.
Airbags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then
only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s frontal airbags, and only in moderate
to severe side collisions for vehicles with side
impact airbags.
79
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates?
After frontal airbags and seat-mounted side impact
airbags inflate, they quickly deflate, so quickly
that some people may not even realize an airbag
inflated. Roof-mounted side impact airbags
may still be at least partially inflated minutes after
the vehicle comes to rest. Some components
of the airbag module — the steering wheel hub for
the driver’s airbag, the instrument panel for the
right front passenger’s bag, the side of the
seatback closest to the door for the seat-mounted
side impact airbags, and the area along the
ceiling of your vehicle near the side windows for
roof-mounted side impact airbags — may be
hot for a short time. The parts of the airbag that
come into contact with you may be warm, but not
too hot to touch. There may be some smoke
and dust coming from the vents in the deflated
airbags. Airbag inflation does not prevent the driver
from seeing out of the windshield or being able
to steer the vehicle, nor does it prevent people
from leaving the vehicle.
80
{CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there may be
dust in the air. This dust could cause
breathing problems for people with a
history of asthma or other breathing
trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is
safe to do so. If you have breathing
problems but cannot get out of the vehicle
after an airbag inflates, then get fresh air
by opening a window or a door. If you
experience breathing problems following
an airbag deployment, you should seek
medical attention.
Your vehicle has a feature that may automatically
unlock the doors, turn the interior lamps on,
and turn the hazard warning flashers on when the
airbags inflate. You can lock the doors, turn the
interior lamps off, and turn the hazard warning
flashers off by using the controls for those
features.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate the
airbag, windshields are broken by vehicle
deformation. Additional windshield breakage may
also occur from the right front passenger
airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once.
After an airbag inflates, you will need
some new parts for the airbag system. If you
do not get them, the airbag system will
not be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include airbag
modules and possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers the need to
replace other parts.
• Your vehicle has a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information
after a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and
Event Data Recorders on page 498.
• Let only qualified technicians work on the
airbag systems. Improper service can
mean that an airbag system will not work
properly. See your dealer for service.
Passenger Sensing System
Your vehicle has a passenger sensing system.
The passenger airbag status indicator on the
instrument panel will be visible when you turn your
ignition key to ON or START.
United States
Canada
The words ON and OFF or the symbol for on and
off, will be visible during the system check.
When the system check is complete, either the
word ON or the word OFF, or the symbol for on or
the symbol for off, will be visible. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on page 202.
81
The passenger sensing system will turn off the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag under certain
conditions. The driver’s airbags are not part of
the passenger sensing system.
{CAUTION:
The passenger sensing system works with
sensors that are part of the right front passenger’s
seat. The sensors are designed to detect the
presence of a properly-seated occupant and
determine if the passenger’s frontal airbag should
be enabled (may inflate) or not.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. We recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in
a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat, and an older child riding
in a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
82
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn
off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag if:
• The right front passenger seat is unoccupied.
• The system determines that an infant is
present in a rear-facing infant seat.
• The system determines that a small child is
present in a forward-facing child restraint.
• The system determines that a small child is
present in a booster seat.
• A right front passenger takes his/her weight off
of the seat for a period of time.
• The right front passenger seat is occupied by
a smaller person, such as a child who has
outgrown child restraints.
• Or, if there is a critical problem with the airbag
system or the passenger sensing system.
83
When the passenger sensing system has turned
off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag, the off
indicator will light and stay lit to remind you that
the airbag is off.
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove
the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the
child restraint following the child restraint
manufacturer’s directions and refer to Securing a
Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position
on page 65.
If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion.
If this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the
child restraint in a rear seat position in the
vehicle and check with your dealer.
84
The passenger sensing system is designed to
enable (may inflate) the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag anytime the system senses
that a person of adult size is sitting properly in the
right front passenger’s seat. When the passenger
sensing system has allowed the airbag to be
enabled, the on indicator will light and stay lit to
remind you that the airbag is active.
For some children who have outgrown child
restraints and for very small adults, the passenger
sensing system may or may not turn off the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag, depending
upon the person’s seating posture and body build.
Everyone in your vehicle who has outgrown
child restraints should wear a safety belt
properly — whether or not there is an airbag
for that person.
If a person of adult-size is sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat, but the off indicator is lit, it
could be because that person is not sitting properly
in the seat. If this happens, turn the vehicle off
and ask the person to place the seatback in
the fully upright position, then sit upright in the
seat, centered on the seat cushion, with the
person’s legs comfortably extended.
Restart the vehicle and have the person remain in
this position for about two minutes. This will
allow the system to detect that person and then
enable the passenger’s airbag.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light in the
instrument panel cluster ever comes on
and stays on, it means that something
may be wrong with the airbag system.
If this ever happens, have the vehicle
serviced promptly, because an adult-size
person sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat may not have the
protection of the frontal airbag. See
Airbag Readiness Light on page 201 for
more on this, including important safety
information.
85
A thick layer of additional material, such as a
blanket, or aftermarket equipment such as seat
covers, seat heaters, and seat massagers,
can affect how well the passenger sensing system
operates. Remove any additional material from
the seat cushion before reinstalling or securing the
child restraint and before a small occupant,
including a small adult, sits in the right front
passenger’s seat. You may want to consider not
using seat covers or other aftermarket equipment.
86
See Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 88 for more information about
modifications that can affect how the system
operates.
{CAUTION:
Stowing of articles under the passenger’s
seat or between the passenger’s seat
cushion and seatback may interfere with
the proper operation of the passenger
sensing system.
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be
serviced. There are parts of the airbag system in
several places around your vehicle. You do
not want the system to inflate while someone is
working on your vehicle. Your dealer and the
service manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and the airbag system. To purchase a
service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 505.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds, after the ignition is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,
an airbag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are
close to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid
yellow connectors. They are probably part
of the airbag system. Be sure to follow
proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is
qualified to do so.
The airbag system does not need regular
maintenance.
87
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get
Q: Is there anything I might add to the front
A: Changing or moving any parts of the
or sides of the vehicle that could keep the
airbags from working properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that change your
vehicle’s frame, bumper system, height,
front end or side sheet metal, they may keep
the airbag system from working properly.
Also, the airbag system may not work properly
if you relocate any of the airbag sensors. If
you have any questions about this, you should
contact Customer Assistance before you
modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and
addresses for Customer Assistance are in
Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on page 488.
88
my vehicle modified. How can I find out
whether this will affect my airbag system?
front seats, safety belts, the airbag sensing
and diagnostic module, steering wheel,
instrument panel, ceiling headliner, ceiling and
pillar garnish trim, roof-mounted airbag
modules, or airbag wiring can affect the
operation of the airbag system. If you have
questions, call Customer Assistance. The
phone numbers and addresses for Customer
Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure in this manual.
See Customer Satisfaction Procedure on
page 488.
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder
light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates,
retractors and anchorages are working properly.
Look for any other loose or damaged safety
belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have
it repaired. Keep safety belts clean and dry.
See Care of Safety Belts on page 447 for more
information.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in
a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces.
If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Notice: If you damage the covering for the
driver’s or the right front passenger’s airbag,
or the airbag covering on the driver’s and
right front passenger’s seatback, or the side
impact airbag covering on the ceiling near the
side windows, the bag may not work properly.
You may have to replace the airbag module
in the steering wheel, both the airbag module
and the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s airbag, the airbag module
and seatback for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seat-mounted side impact airbags,
or side impact airbag module and ceiling
covering for the roof-mounted side impact
airbag. Do not open or break the airbag
coverings.
Also look for any opened or broken airbag
covers, and have them repaired or replaced. The
airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
89
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems
in your vehicle. A damaged restraint
system may not properly protect the
person using it, resulting in serious injury
or even death in a crash. To help make
sure your restraint systems are working
properly after a crash, have them
inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or
LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be
necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they
would be if worn during a more severe crash,
then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a
more severe crash, you may need new LATCH
system parts.
90
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them.
Collision damage also may mean you will need to
have LATCH system, safety belt, or seat parts
repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may
be necessary even if the belt or LATCH system
was not being used at the time of the collision.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part on the airbag system
earlier in this section.
If the frontal or side impact airbags inflate, you will
also need to replace the driver’s and right front
passenger’s safety belt buckle assembly. Be sure
to do so. Then the new buckle assembly will
be there to help protect you in a collision.
After a crash, you may need to replace the driver
and front passenger’s safety belt buckle
assemblies, even if the airbags have not deployed.
The driver and front passenger’s safety belt
buckle assemblies contain the safety belt
pretensioners. Have your safety belt pretensioners
checked if your vehicle has been in a collision,
or if your airbag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle or while you are driving. See
Airbag Readiness Light on page 201.
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys .............................................................. 93
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System .......... 94
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation ................................................. 96
Doors and Locks ........................................ 100
Door Locks ................................................ 100
Central Door Unlocking System ................. 101
Power Door Locks ..................................... 101
Delayed Locking ........................................ 102
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ........ 102
Rear Door Security Locks ......................... 103
Lockout Protection ..................................... 104
Power Liftgate ........................................... 104
Windows ...................................................... 108
Power Windows ........................................ 109
Sun Visors ................................................ 112
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................. 112
Theft-Deterrent System .............................. 112
PASS-Key® III+ ......................................... 114
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ......................... 114
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ......... 116
New Vehicle Break-In ................................ 116
Ignition Positions ....................................... 117
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ............. 118
Starting the Engine .................................... 119
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal .......... 120
Engine Coolant Heater .............................. 121
Automatic Transmission Operation ............. 122
Tow/Haul Mode ......................................... 126
Parking Brake ........................................... 127
Shifting Into Park (P) ................................. 129
Shifting Out of Park (P) ............................. 131
Parking Over Things That Burn ................. 131
Engine Exhaust ......................................... 132
Running the Engine While Parked ............. 133
91
Section 2
Features and Controls
Mirrors ......................................................... 134
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® .......................................... 134
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® and Compass ................... 134
Outside Power Heated Mirrors ................... 137
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ............. 138
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror ................ 138
Outside Convex Mirror ............................... 139
OnStar® System .......................................... 139
Universal Home Remote System ................ 143
Universal Home Remote System
(With Three Round LED) ....................... 143
Universal Home Remote System
(With One Triangular LED) ..................... 143
92
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED) ....... 144
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With One Triangular LED) ....... 150
Storage Areas ............................................. 153
Glove Box ................................................. 153
Cupholder(s) .............................................. 154
Cell Phone Storage Area ........................... 154
Center Console Storage Area .................... 154
Luggage Carrier ........................................ 154
Cargo Cover ............................................. 155
Cargo Management System ...................... 155
Sunroof ....................................................... 156
Sunroof (Ultra View® ) ................................ 156
Sunroof (Ultra View® Plus) ........................ 158
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many
reasons, children or others could be badly
injured or even killed. They could operate
the power windows or other controls or
even make the vehicle move. The windows
will function with the keys in the ignition
and they could be seriously injured or
killed if caught in the path of a closing
window. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle
with children.
93
Your vehicle has a
double-sided key that
can be used for
the ignition and
door locks.
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System
Your Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) system
operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) Rules
and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
If you ever lose your keys, your dealer will be able
to assist you with obtaining replacements.
In an emergency contact Cadillac Roadside
Service®. See Roadside Service on page 493 for
more information.
94
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in operating
range. This is normal for any RKE system. If
the transmitter does not work or if you have to
stand closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to
work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from
your vehicle. You may need to stand closer
during rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects
may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps
to the left or right, hold the transmitter
higher, and try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement”
under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation on page 96.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer
or a qualified technician for service.
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Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation
With this feature, you can lock and unlock the
doors and liftgate, open and close the liftgate, and
turn on your vehicle’s interior lamps from up to
65 feet (20 m) away using the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
You will have one of the RKE transmitters
below.
Q (Lock): Press this symbol on the RKE
transmitter to lock the doors. This also arms the
theft-deterrent system. See Theft-Deterrent
System on page 112 for additional information.
You can program your vehicle so that the exterior
lamps will flash and/or the horn will sound
when you lock the doors with the RKE transmitter.
See DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231 for
more information on programming this feature.
" (Unlock): Press this symbol on the RKE
transmitter to unlock the driver’s door. This also
disarms the theft-deterrent system. Press the
button again, within five seconds, to unlock the rest
of the doors.
You can program your vehicle so that the exterior
lamps will flash when you unlock the doors
with the RKE transmitter. See DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 231 for more information
on programming this feature.
If your vehicle is programmed for remote
confirmation, the doors must be closed for this
feature to work. If a door is open, remote
confirmation will be canceled.
96
L (Panic Alarm): Press and release this button
to locate your vehicle. The turn signal lamps
will flash and the horn will sound three times.
Press and hold this button for more than
two seconds to activate the panic alarm. The
turn signal lamps will flash and the horn will sound
repeatedly for 30 seconds. The alarm will turn
off when the ignition is turned to ON or the alarm
button is pressed again. The ignition must be
in OFF for the panic alarm to work.
& (Power Liftgate): Press and hold this button
on the RKE transmitter to open and close the
liftgate. The taillamps will flash and a chime will
sound to indicate when the liftgate is opening and
closing.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each RKE transmitter is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a
transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to
bring any additional transmitters with you so that
all of them can be re-coded to match the new
transmitter. Once your dealer has coded the new
transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum
of eight transmitters matched to it.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your RKE
transmitter should last about four years.
The battery is weak if the transmitter will not work
at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it is probably time to change the battery.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use
care not to touch any of the circuitry. Static
from your body transferred to these surfaces
may damage the transmitter.
97
2. Remove the old battery, but do not use a
metal object to do this.
3. Slide the new battery into the transmitter with
the positive side of the battery facing down.
Use a type CR2032 battery, or equivalent
type. Make sure the cover is on tightly,
so water will not get in.
4. Snap the front and the back of the transmitter
together.
5. Test the operation of the transmitter with the
vehicle.
To replace the battery in the RKE transmitter do
the following:
1. Use a flat object with a thin edge into the
notch, located below the trunk release
button, and separate the bottom half from the
top half of the transmitter.
98
2. Remove the old battery, but do not use a
metal object to do this.
3. Slide the new battery into the transmitter with
the positive side of the battery facing up. Use
a type CR2032 battery, or equivalent type.
Make sure the cover is on tightly, so water will
not get in.
4. Snap the front and the back of the transmitter
together.
5. Test the operation of the transmitter with the
vehicle.
To replace the battery in the RKE transmitter do
the following:
1. Use a flat object with a thin edge into the
notch, located above the metal base, and
separate the bottom half from the top half of
the transmitter.
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Doors and Locks
CAUTION:
Door Locks
• Young children who get into unlocked
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers, especially children, can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is
locked, the handle will not open it.
You increase the chance of being
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if
the doors are not locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
CAUTION:
100
(Continued)
(Continued)
vehicles may be unable to get out. A
child can be overcome by extreme
heat and can suffer permanent injuries
or even death from heat stroke.
Always lock your vehicle whenever
you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down
or stop your vehicle. Locking your
doors can help prevent this from
happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your
vehicle.
Because your vehicle has the theft-deterrent
system, you must unlock the doors from the
outside with the key or Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) transmitter to avoid setting off the alarm.
If the windows are down and the doors are locked,
do not reach in to manually unlock the vehicle
because you will set off the alarm.
From the inside, use
the manual lock levers
located on the door
panels near the
windows.
Central Door Unlocking System
Your vehicle has a central door unlocking feature.
When unlocking the driver’s door, you can
unlock the other doors by holding the key in the
turned position for a few seconds or by quickly
turning the key twice in the lock cylinder.
Power Door Locks
The power door lock switches are located on the
armrest on the front doors.
K (Unlock): Press the side of the switch with the
unlock symbol to unlock the doors.
Q (Lock): Press the side of the switch with the
lock symbol to lock the doors.
Push down on the manual lock lever to lock the
door. To unlock the door, pull up on the lever.
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Delayed Locking
With this feature, you can delay the actual locking
of the doors.
When the power door lock switch or the lock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter is
pressed when the key is not in the ignition and the
driver’s door is opened, a chime will sound
three times indicating that delayed locking is
active.
When all the doors are closed, the doors will lock
automatically after five seconds. If a door is
reopened before five seconds have elapsed, the
five second timer will reset itself once all the doors
are closed again.
You can press the door lock switch or the lock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter
again to override this feature and lock the doors
immediately.
You can turn this feature off using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). When delayed locking is
off, the doors will lock immediately when you
press the power door lock switch or the lock button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter. See
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231 for more
information.
102
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
Your vehicle is programmed so that when the
doors are closed, the ignition is on and the shift
lever is moved out of PARK (P), all the doors
will lock. The front door inside handles will remain
active. The doors will unlock every time you
stop the vehicle and move the shift lever back into
PARK (P).
If someone needs to exit the vehicle once the doors
are locked, have that person use the manual lever
or power door lock switch for the rear doors. The
front doors will remain unlocked from inside the
vehicle. When the door is closed again, it will not
lock automatically. Use the manual lever or the
power door lock switch to lock the door.
The power door locks can be programmed
through prompts displayed on the Driver
Information Center (DIC). These prompts allow
you to choose various lock and unlock settings.
For more information on programming, see
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231.
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle has rear door security locks that
prevent passengers from opening the rear doors
on your vehicle from the inside.
The rear door security
locks are located on
the inside edge of each
rear door. You must
open the rear doors to
access them.
The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened
from the inside when this feature is in use.
When you want to open a rear door when the
security lock is on, do the following:
1. Unlock the door using the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter, the front door power
lock switch or by lifting the rear door
manual lock.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door security lock, do the
following:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Insert your key into the slot next to the
rear door security lock label and turn it
to disengage the lock.
3. Repeat the steps for the other lock.
To use these locks, do the following:
The rear door locks will now work normally.
1. Insert your key into the slot next to the rear
door security lock label and turn it to engage
the lock.
2. Close the door.
3. Repeat the steps for the other rear door.
103
Lockout Protection
Power Liftgate
If you press the power door lock switch when the
key is in the ignition and any door is open, all
the doors will lock and only the driver’s door will
unlock. If you close the doors, you can lock
them using the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Be sure to remove the key from the ignition
when locking your vehicle.
Power Liftgate Operation
This feature can be overridden by pressing the lock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter or by
pressing the power lock switch a second time.
Your vehicle has a power liftgate. The vehicle
must be in PARK (P) to power open or close the
liftgate.
The liftgate must be completely closed to power
open or the liftgate must be completely open
to power close.
The taillamps will flash and a chime will sound at
the beginning of each power operation cycle.
{CAUTION:
You or others could be injured if caught in
the path of the power liftgate. Make sure
there is no one in the way of the liftgate
as it is opening and closing.
104
Notice: If you open the liftgate without
checking for overhead obstructions such as a
garage door, you could break the liftgate or
the liftgate glass. Always check to make sure
the area above the liftgate is clear before
opening it.
To open and close the liftgate, press and hold
the power liftgate button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter (RKE) until the liftgate starts
moving. Press the RKE button a second
time during liftgate operations to reverse that
operation. See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 96 for more
information.
The liftgate can also be power closed by pressing
the power liftgate button next to the liftgate
latch. Press the button a second time during
liftgate operation to reverse that operation. The
power liftgate may be temporarily disabled
under extreme temperatures or low battery
condition. If this occurs, the liftgate can still be
operated manually.
105
If you shift the transmission out of PARK (P) while
the power function is in progress, the liftgate
power function will continue to completion. If you
shift the transmission out of PARK (P) and
accelerate before the power liftgate latches closed,
the liftgate may reverse to the open position.
Cargo could fall out of the vehicle. Always make
sure the power liftgate is closed and latched before
you drive away.
If you power open the liftgate and the liftgate
support struts have lost pressure, the lights will
flash and a chime will sound. The liftgate will hold
open temporarily, then slowly close. See your
dealer for service before using the liftgate.
Obstacle Detection Features
If the liftgate encounters an obstacle during a
power open or close cycle, a warning chime will
sound and the liftgate will automatically reverse
direction to the fully closed or open position. After
removing the obstruction, the liftgate may be
power opened or closed normally.
106
If the liftgate encounters multiple obstacles on the
same power cycle, the power function will
deactivate, and the liftgate will switch to manual
operation. The REAR ACCESS OPEN warning
message in the Driver Information Center (DIC) will
indicate that the liftgate is open. After removing
the obstructions, manually open the liftgate to the
fully open position or close the liftgate to the
fully closed and latched position. The liftgate will
now resume normal power operation.
Your vehicle has an obstacle detection sensor
located on the rear edge of the rear quarter panel
windows. If an object is caught between the
liftgate and the window and presses against this
sensor, the liftgate will reverse direction and
open fully. The liftgate will remain open until it is
activated again or closed manually.
Manual Liftgate Operation
With the doors unlocked, the power liftgate can
always be manually opened and closed.
{CAUTION:
To open the liftgate, pull up on the handle on the
outside of the liftgate. To close the liftgate,
use the pull cup to lower the liftgate and close.
The liftgate latch will power cinch to closed
position. Do not force the liftgate during a
power cycle.
It can be dangerous to drive with the
liftgate open because carbon monoxide
(CO) gas can come into your vehicle. You
can not see or smell CO. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death. If you
must drive with the liftgate open or if
electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the liftgate:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or
cooling system to its highest speed
and select the control setting that will
force outside air into your vehicle. See
Dual Climate Control System on
page 189.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the
way. See Engine Exhaust on page 132.
Always close the liftgate before driving.
107
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets
in a vehicle with the windows closed is
dangerous. They can be overcome by the
extreme heat and suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke.
Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a
pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
108
Power Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets
in a vehicle with the windows closed is
dangerous. They can be overcome from
extreme heat in warm or hot weather and
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke.
Leaving children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many
reasons, children or others could be badly
injured or even killed. They could operate
the power windows or other controls or
even make the vehicle move. The
windows will function with the keys in the
ignition and they could be seriously
injured or killed if caught in the path of a
closing window. Do not leave keys in a
vehicle with children.
When there are children in the rear seat
use the window lockout button to prevent
unintentional operation of the windows.
The power window
switches are located on
the armrest near
each window.
Press the switch to the first position to lower the
window to the desired level. Pull the switch
up to raise the window.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
that allows you to use the power windows once the
ignition has been turned off. For more information,
see Retained Accessory Power (RAP) on
page 118.
109
Express-Down Window
This feature is on all windows. Press the switch
to the second position and release the switch
to activate the express-down feature. To stop the
window as it is lowering, press down or pull up
briefly on the switch again.
Express-Up Window
This feature is on all windows. Pull the switch up
to the second position and release the switch
to activate the express-up feature. To stop the
window as it is raising, pull up or press down
briefly on the switch again.
Programming the Power Windows
If the battery on your vehicle has been recharged,
disconnected, or is not working, you will need
to reprogram each power window for the
express-up feature to work. Before reprogramming,
you will need to replace or recharge your
vehicle’s battery.
110
To program each window, follow these steps:
1. With the ignition in ACCESSORY, ON,
or when Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
is active, close all doors.
2. Press and hold the power window switch until
the window is fully open.
3. Pull the power window switch up until the
window is fully closed.
4. Continue pulling the switch up for
approximately two seconds after the window
is completely closed.
The window is now reprogrammed. Repeat the
process for the other windows.
Express Window Anti-Pinch Feature
If any object is in the path of the window when the
express-up is active, the window will stop at the
obstruction and auto-reverse to a preset
factory position. Weather conditions such as
severe icing may also cause the window to
auto-reverse. The window will return to normal
operation once the obstruction or condition
is removed.
Express Window Anti-Pinch Override
Window Lockout
o (Window Lockout): The rear window lockout
{CAUTION:
button is located on the driver’s door armrest
near the window switches.
If express override is activated, the
window will not reverse automatically.
You or others could be injured and the
window could be damaged. Before you
use express override, make sure that all
people and obstructions are clear of the
window path.
Press the right side of the button to disable the
rear window controls. The light on the button
will illuminate, indicating the feature is in use.
The rear windows still can be raised or lowered
using the driver’s window switches when the
lockout feature is active.
To restore power to the rear windows, press the
button again. The light on the button will go out.
In an emergency, the anti-pinch feature can be
overridden in a supervised mode. Pull the window
switch all the way up to the second position.
The window will rise for as long as the switch is
held. Once the switch is released, the express
mode is re-activated.
In this mode, the window can still close on an
object in its path. Use care when using the
override mode.
111
Sun Visors
Swing down the primary visor to block out glare.
It can also be detached from the center mount and
moved to the side to block glare from that
direction.
The driver’s sunshade may also have buttons for
a built-in garage door opener. See Universal
Home Remote System (With Three Round LED)
on page 143 or Universal Home Remote
System (With One Triangular LED) on page 143
for more information.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Pull the visor down and lift the cover. The light will
automatically come on. The light will go out when
you close the cover.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some
cities. Although your vehicle has a number of
theft-deterrent features, we know that nothing we
put on it can make it impossible to steal.
112
Theft-Deterrent System
The security light is
located on the
instrument panel cluster.
If the ignition is off and a door is open, the
security light will flash, reminding you to arm the
theft-deterrent system.
To arm the system, do the following:
1. Lock the door using the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter or the power door
lock switch.
2. Close all the doors. The security light will
illuminate. It should go off within approximately
30 seconds.
If a door or a liftgate is opened without a key or a
RKE transmitter, the horn will sound and the
lamps will flash for up to 30 seconds.
The theft-deterrent system will not arm if you lock
the doors with a key, use the manual door lock
or if the liftgate is ajar. It activates only if you use
the RKE transmitter or the power door lock.
To avoid activating the alarm by accident do the
following:
• The vehicle should be locked with the door
key or the manual door lock after the doors
are closed if you don’t want to arm the
theft-deterrent system.
• Always unlock a door with a key or use the
RKE transmitter. Pressing the unlock button
on the RKE transmitter disarms the
theft-deterrent system. Unlocking a door any
other way while the system is armed will
activate the alarm when a door or the liftgate
is opened.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock the
driver’s door with your key. You can also turn
off the alarm by using the unlock button on
the RKE transmitter, or by starting the vehicle with
a valid key.
Testing the Alarm
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the window,
then get out of the vehicle, keeping the
door open.
2. From outside of the vehicle, with the door
open, lock the vehicle using the power door
lock switch or the RKE transmitter and
close the door. Wait approximately 30 seconds
until the security light goes off.
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the
manual lock and open the door. The horn
will sound and the exterior lamps will flash.
You can turn off the alarm by unlocking the driver’s
door with your key, using the unlock button on
the RKE transmitter or by starting the car with a
valid key.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, check
to see if the horn works. The horn fuse may be
blown. To replace the fuse, see Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 455. If the fuse does not
need to be replaced, you may need to have your
vehicle serviced.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always arm the
theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle.
113
PASS-Key® III+
The PASS-Key® III+ system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry
Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
114
PASS-Key® III+ uses a radio frequency
transponder in the key that matches a decoder
in your vehicle.
PASS-Key® III+ Operation
Your vehicle has PASS-Key® III+ (Personalized
Automotive Security System) theft-deterrent
system. PASS-Key® III+ is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This means you do not
have to do anything special to arm or disarm the
system. It works when you transition the key
to ON, ACCESSORY or START from the OFF
position.
When the PASS-Key® III+ system senses that
someone is using the wrong key, it prevents the
vehicle from starting. Anyone using a
trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of
electrical key codes.
If the engine does not start and the security light
on the instrument panel cluster comes on
when trying to start the vehicle, the key may have
a damaged transponder. Turn the ignition off
and try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key
appears to be undamaged, try another ignition
key. At this time, you may also want to check the
fuse, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 455. If the engine still does not start with the
other key, your vehicle needs service. If your
vehicle does start, the first key may be faulty. See
your dealer who can service the PASS-Key® III+
to have a new key made. In an emergency,
contact Roadside Assistance.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III+ decoder to
learn the transponder value of a new or
replacement key. Up to nine additional keys may
be programmed for the vehicle. The following
procedure is for programming additional keys only.
If all the currently programmed keys are lost or
do not operate, you must see your dealer or
a locksmith who can service PASS-Key® III+ to
have keys made and programmed to the system.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to get a new key blank that is cut
exactly as the ignition key that operates the system.
To program the new additional key do the
following:
1. Verify that the new key has a 1 stamped on it.
2. Insert the original, already programmed, key in
the ignition and start the engine. If the engine
will not start, see your dealer for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to
OFF, and remove the key.
4. Insert the new key to be programmed and
turn it to the ON position within five seconds
of the original key being turned to the
OFF position.
5. The security light will turn off once the key
has been programmed.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 5 if additional keys
are to be programmed.
If you are driving and the security light comes on
and stays on, you may be able to restart your
engine. Your PASS-Key® III+ system, however,
may not be working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer.
If you lose or damage your PASS-Key® III+ key,
see your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to have a new key made.
115
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an
elaborate break-in. But it will perform better in
the long run if you follow these guidelines
for the first 500 miles (805 km):
• Do not drive at any one constant speed,
fast or slow.
• Do not exceed 70 mph (113 km/h).
• Do not make full-throttle starts; also refrain
from using the full throttle while driving.
Avoid downshifting to brake, or slow,
the vehicle.
If these procedures are not followed, your
engine, axle, or other parts could be damaged.
116
Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new
brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops
with new linings can mean premature wear
and earlier replacement. Follow this break-in
guideline every time you get new linings.
Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See
Towing a Trailer on page 331 for the trailer
towing capabilities of your vehicle and more
information.
Following break-in, engine speed and load can
be gradually increased.
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn
the key to four different positions.
A (OFF): This is the only position in which you
can insert or remove the key. This position
locks the ignition, steering wheel and transmission.
It is a theft-deterrent feature.
B (ACCESSORY): This position allows you to use
things like the radio and the windshield wipers when
the engine is off. This position will allow you to turn
off the engine, but still turn the steering wheel.
C (ON): This position is for driving. When you turn
off the engine, the transmission will lock. If you
need to shift the transmission out of PARK (P), the
ignition key has to be in ON.
Notice: If your key seems stuck in OFF and
you can’t turn it, be sure you are using
the correct key; if so, is it all the way in? If it
is, then turn the steering wheel left and
right while you turn the key hard. Turn the key
only with your hand. Using a tool to force it
could break the key or the ignition switch.
If none of these works, then your vehicle needs
service.
The battery could be drained if you leave the key
in the ACCESSORY or ON position with the
engine off. You may not be able to start your
vehicle if the battery is allowed to drain for
an extended period of time.
D (START): This position starts the engine.
117
Key In the Ignition
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Never leave your vehicle with the keys inside, as it
is an easy target for joy riders or thieves. If you
leave the key in the ignition and park your vehicle,
a chime will sound, when you open the driver’s
door. Always remember to remove your key from
the ignition and take it with you. This will lock
your ignition and transaxle. Also, always remember
to lock the doors.
The following accessories on your vehicle may be
used for up to 10 minutes after the ignition key
is turned from ON to OFF:
• Radio
• Power Windows
• Audio Steering Wheel Controls
The battery could be drained if you leave the key in
the ignition while your vehicle is parked. You may
not be able to start your vehicle after it has been
parked for an extended period of time.
118
• Sunroof
Power to these accessories stops after 10 minutes
or if a door is opened. If you want power for
another 10 minutes, close all the doors and turn
the ignition key to ON and then back to OFF.
Starting the Engine
Place the transmission in the proper gear.
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). Your engine will not start in any
other position -- this is a safety feature. To
restart when you are already moving, use
NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Do not try to shift to PARK (P) if your
vehicle is moving. If you do, you could
damage the transmission. Shift to PARK (P)
only when your vehicle is stopped.
Starting Procedure
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
the ignition key to START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go
down as your engine gets warm. Do not
race the engine immediately after starting it.
Operate the engine and transmission gently to
allow the oil to warm up and lubricate all
moving parts.
Your vehicle has a Computer-Controlled
Cranking System. This feature assists
in starting the engine and protects
components. If the ignition key is turned to the
START position, and then released when
the engine begins cranking, the engine
will continue cranking for a few seconds or
until the vehicle starts. If the engine does not
start and the key is held in START for
many seconds, cranking will be stopped after
15 seconds to prevent cranking motor
damage. To prevent gear damage, this system
also prevents cranking if the engine is
already running. Engine cranking can be
stopped by turning the ignition switch to the
ACCESSORY or OFF position.
Notice: Cranking the engine for long periods
of time, by returning the key to the START
position immediately after cranking has ended,
can overheat and damage the cranking
motor, and drain the battery. Wait at least
15 seconds between each try, to allow
the cranking motor to cool down.
119
2. If the engine does not start after 5-10 seconds,
especially in very cold weather (below 0°F
or −18°C), it could be flooded with too much
gasoline. Try pushing the accelerator
pedal all the way to the floor and holding it
there as you hold the key in START for up to
a maximum of 15 seconds. Wait at least
15 seconds between each try, to allow the
cranking motor to cool down. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and accelerator. If
the vehicle starts briefly but then stops again,
do the same thing. This clears the extra
gasoline from the engine. Do not race the
engine immediately after starting it. Operate
the engine and transmission gently until the oil
warms up and lubricates all moving parts.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with
the electronics in your vehicle. If you add
electrical parts or accessories, you could
change the way the engine operates. Before
adding electrical equipment, check with
your dealer. If you do not, your engine might
not perform properly. Any resulting damage
would not be covered by your vehicle’s
warranty.
120
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal
If your vehicle has this feature, you can change
the position of the throttle and brake pedals.
No adjustment to the pedals can be made when
the vehicle is in REVERSE (R) or while using
the cruise control.
The switch used to
adjust the pedals is
located on the
instrument panel.
Move the switch rearward to move the pedals
closer to your body. Move the switch forward to
move the pedals away from your body.
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may have an engine coolant heater.
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder,
the engine coolant heater can help. You will get
easier starting and better fuel economy during
engine warm-up.
Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a
minimum of four hours prior to starting your
vehicle. At temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of
the coolant heater is not required. Your vehicle
may also have an internal thermostat in the
plug end of the cord. This will prevent operation of
the engine coolant heater when the temperature
is at or above 0°F (−18°C) as noted on the cord.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical
cord. For the 3.6L V6 engines, the cord is
located in the engine compartment on
the passenger’s side of the vehicle in front of
the fuse block.
For the 4.6L V8 engine, the cord is on the
front center of the vehicle above the radiator.
You must remove the plastic cap to access
the plug.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC
outlet.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded
outlet could cause an electrical shock.
Also, the wrong kind of extension cord
could overheat and cause a fire. You
could be seriously injured. Plug the cord
into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will not
reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it
away from moving engine parts. If you do
not, it could be damaged.
121
How long should you keep the coolant heater
plugged in? The answer depends on the outside
temperature, the kind of oil you have, and
some other things. Instead of trying to list
everything here, we ask that you contact your
dealer in the area where you will be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best
advice for that particular area.
Automatic Transmission Operation
The shift lever is located on the center console
between the front seats.
There are several
different positions for
the shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks the rear wheels. It
is the best position to use when you start the
engine because your vehicle cannot move easily.
122
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle will not
move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, always set your parking brake
and move the shift lever to PARK (P). See
Shifting Into Park (P) on page 129. If you
are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer
on page 331.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P)
before starting the engine. Your vehicle has an
automatic transmission shift lock control system.
You must fully apply your regular brakes first
and then press the shift lever button before you
can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition key is in
ON. If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease
pressure on the shift lever and push the shift lever
all the way into PARK (P) as you maintain
brake application. Then press the shift lever button
and move the shift lever into another gear. See
Shifting Out of Park (P) on page 131.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your
vehicle is moving forward could damage
the transmission. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Shift to
REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
At low vehicle speeds, you can also use
REVERSE (R) to rock your vehicle back and forth
to get out of snow, ice, or sand without damaging
your transmission. See If Your Vehicle is Stuck
in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 321 for
additional information.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine does
not connect with the wheels. To restart when
you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
You can also use NEUTRAL (N) when your
vehicle is being towed.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your
engine is running at high speed is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on
the brake pedal, your vehicle could move
very rapidly. You could lose control and
hit people or objects. Do not shift into a
drive gear while your engine is running at
high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) with the engine running at high
speed may damage the transmission. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Be sure the engine is not running at high
speed when shifting your vehicle.
123
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. It
provides the best fuel economy for your vehicle. If
you need more power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push
the accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push
the accelerator all the way down. The
transmission will shift down to a lower gear
and have more power.
Downshifting the transmission in slippery road
conditions could result in skidding, see
“Skidding” under Loss of Control on page 289.
Your automatic transmission has a Driver Shift
Control (DSC) feature that allows you to change
gears similar to a manual transmission. To use the
DSC feature:
1. Slide the shift lever over from DRIVE (D) to
the right into the DSC area.
When the transmission
is in DSC mode the
sport symbol in
the Driver Information
Center (DIC) will
come on.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the
vehicle in one place on a hill using only the
accelerator pedal may damage the
transmission. If you are stuck, do not spin the
tires. When stopping on a hill, use the
brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
Driver Shift Control (DSC)
Notice: If you drive your vehicle at high RPMs
without upshifting while using Driver Shift
Control (DSC), you could damage your
vehicle. Always upshift when necessary while
using DSC.
124
If you do not move the shift lever forward or
rearward, the vehicle will be in sport mode.
When you are in the sport mode the vehicle
will still shift automatically. While driving
in sport mode, the transmission may remain in
a gear longer than it would in the normal
driving mode based on braking, throttle input,
and vehicle lateral acceleration.
2. To enter the DSC mode, press the shift lever
forward to upshift or rearward to downshift.
The DIC will show the
requested gear range
when moving the
shift lever forward or
rearward. See
Driver Information
Center (DIC) on
page 214
While using the DSC feature, the vehicle will have
firmer shifting and increased performance. You
can use this for sport driving or when climbing or
descending hills, to stay in gear longer, or to
down shift for more power or engine braking.
The transmission will only allow you to shift into
gears appropriate for the vehicle speed and engine
Revolutions Per Minute (RPM). The transmission
will not automatically shift to the next higher
gear if the engine RPM is too high.
If shifting is prevented for any reason, the currently
selected gear will flash multiple times, indicating
that the transmission has not shifted gears.
While in the DSC mode, the transmission will
automatically downshift when the vehicle comes to
a stop and while quickly applying the accelerator
to increase speed. This will allow for more
power during take-off.
When accelerating your vehicle from a stop in
snowy and icy conditions, you may want to shift
into second gear. A higher gear ratio allows you to
gain more traction on slippery surfaces.
125
Tow/Haul Mode
When Tow/Haul is activated the Tow/Haul symbol
will illuminate on the instrument panel cluster.
See Tow/Haul Mode under Towing a Trailer
on page 331 for more information.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a Tow/Haul
mode. The button is located on instrument
panel under the climate controls. You should use
this feature to assist when towing or hauling a
heavy load.
126
Grade Braking
Parking Brake
Grade Braking assists when driving on a downhill
grade. It maintains the vehicle’s speed by
automatically implementing a shift schedule that
uses the engine and the transmission to slow
the vehicle. This reduces wear on the brakes
system and increases control of the vehicle. The
system constantly monitors the vehicle’s speed,
acceleration, throttle position, and whether
the brake pedal is being pressed, and determines
when to keep the current vehicle speed or to
slow down. The system will then automatically
command downshifts that reduces the vehicles
speed, until the brake pedal is no longer
being pressed. This indicates the desired vehicle
speed has been reached.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot and push the
parking brake pedal down with your left foot.
The tow/haul mode and grade braking shift modes
can be activated by pressing the button on the
instrument panel console. While in the DSC mode,
grade braking is deactivated, allowing the driver
to select a gear.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
on the instrument panel cluster should come
on. If it does not, you need to have your vehicle
serviced. See Brake System Warning Light
on page 204 for more information.
The parking brake pedal
is located on the lower
portion of the instrument
panel to the left of the
steering wheel.
See Automatic Transmission Operation on
page 122.
127
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on
can overheat the brake system and cause
premature wear or damage to brake system
parts. Verify that the parking brake is fully
released and the brake warning light is
off before driving.
A warning chime will sound if the parking brake is
set, the ignition is on, and the vehicle begins to
move. To stop the chime, fully release the
parking brake.
If you are towing a trailer and parking on a hill,
see Towing a Trailer on page 331 for more
information.
To release the parking brake, pull the release
lever located to the left of the steering wheel on
the instrument panel.
128
Shifting Into Park (P)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 331.
To shift into PARK (P), use the following steps:
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by
pressing the button on the front of the
shift lever while pushing the lever all the way
toward the front of the vehicle. Release
the button.
3. With your right foot still holding the brake
pedal down, set the parking brake with
your left foot. See Parking Brake on page 127
for more information.
4. Turn the key to OFF.
5. Remove the key from the ignition switch and
take it with you. If you can leave your vehicle
with the key in your hand, the vehicle is in
PARK (P).
129
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle
with the engine running. Your vehicle
could move suddenly if the shift lever is
not fully in PARK (P) with the parking
brake firmly set. And, if you leave the
vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or
others could be injured. Do not leave your
vehicle with the engine running.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P)
and your parking brake is firmly set before you
leave it. After you have moved the shift lever into
PARK (P), hold the regular brake pedal down.
Then, see if you can move the shift lever
away from PARK (P) without first pushing the
button on the shift lever. If you can, it means that
the shift lever was not fully locked into PARK (P).
130
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift
your transmission into PARK (P) properly,
the weight of the vehicle may put too much force
on the parking pawl in the transmission. You
may find it difficult to pull the shift lever out
of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.” To
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave
the driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” listed previously.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to
take some of the pressure from the parking pawl
in the transmission, so you can pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of Park (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift
lock control system.
To shift out of PARK (P):
1. Apply the regular brake pedal.
2. Then press the shift lever button.
3. Move the shift lever to the desired gear.
If you are still unable to shift out of PARK (P):
1. Fully release the shift lever button.
2. While holding down the brake pedal, press
the shift lever button again.
3. Move the shift lever to the desired gear.
If you still cannot move the shift lever from
PARK (P), consult your dealer.
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot
exhaust parts under your vehicle and
ignite. Do not park over papers, leaves,
dry grass, or other things that can burn.
131
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or the exhaust system
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the
gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you
cannot see or smell. It can cause
unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• The exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a
collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when
driving over high points on the road
or over road debris.
CAUTION:
132
(Continued)
(Continued)
has been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows
down to blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running the Engine While Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust
into your vehicle. See the earlier caution
under Engine Exhaust on page 132.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your
vehicle even if the climate control fan is at
the highest setting. One place this can
happen is a garage. Exhaust — with
CO — can come in easily. NEVER park in
a garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 317.
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. Do not leave
your vehicle when the engine is running
unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
always set your parking brake and move
the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle
will not move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 129.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 331.
133
Mirrors
Cleaning the Mirror
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar®
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or
similar material dampened with glass cleaner.
Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror
as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter
the mirror housing.
The vehicle may have an automatic dimming
inside rearview mirror with OnStar® controls. For
more information about OnStar®, see OnStar®
System on page 139.
O (On/Off): The on/off button, located on the
lower left side of the mirror, is used for the
automatic dimming functions of the rearview mirror.
Mirror Operation
The automatic dimming feature comes on each
time the vehicle is started. Automatic dimming
reduces the glare of lights from behind the vehicle.
To turn the automatic dimming feature on or off,
press and release the on/off button. The indicator
light will illuminate when this feature is on.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® and Compass
The vehicle may have an automatic dimming
inside rearview mirror with a compass and
OnStar® controls. For more information about
OnStar®, see OnStar® System on page 139.
The mirror has an eight-point compass display in
the upper right corner of the mirror. When on,
the compass automatically calibrates, or sets the
driving direction, as the vehicle is driven. If the
vehicle has the navigation option, the direction the
vehicle is facing will be displayed on the
navigation screen.
O (On/Off): The on/off button is located on the
lower left side of the mirror and is used for
the automatic dimming and compass functions of
the rearview mirror.
134
Mirror Operation
The automatic dimming feature comes on each
time the vehicle is started.
To turn the automatic dimming feature on or off,
press the on/off or AUTO button. The indicator light
will illuminate when this feature is on.
Compass Operation
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass
on or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are
on, the compass will show two character boxes for
approximately two seconds. After two seconds,
the mirror will display the current compass
direction.
Compass Calibration
If after two seconds the display does not show a
compass direction, (N for North for example), there
may be a strong magnetic field interfering with
the compass. Such interference may be caused by
a magnetic antenna mount, note pad holder, or
similar object. If the letter C appears in the
compass window, the compass may need to be
reset or calibrated.
The mirror can be calibrated by driving the vehicle
in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the
display reads a direction.
The compass can be calibrated by pressing and
holding the on/off button until a C is shown in
the compass display.
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between
earth’s magnetic north and true geographic north.
If the mirror is not adjusted for compass
variance, the compass could give false readings.
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving
the factory. It will be necessary to adjust the
compass to compensate for compass variance if
the vehicle is driven outside zone eight. Under
certain circumstances, such as a long distance,
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust the
compass variance.
135
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance
zone number on the zone map that follows.
3. Once the zone number appears on the
display, press the on/off button quickly
until you reach the correct zone number.
If C appears in the compass window,
the compass may need calibration. See
“Compass Calibration” listed previously.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or
similar material dampened with glass cleaner. Do
not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror
as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter the
mirror housing.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a zone
number appears on the display.
136
Outside Power Heated Mirrors
The power mirror
controls are located on
the driver’s door
armrest and operate
both outside rearview
mirrors.
• Press (B) to select the passenger’s side
mirror. The LED indicator will turn on to
indicate that this mirror is selected. Then press
the arrows located on the four-way control
pad to adjust the mirror. Press (B) again
to deselect the mirror. The LED indicator will
turn off to indicate that this mirror is
de-selected.
If your vehicle has the power fold function, use the
following buttons:
• Press (C), to fold the mirrors out to the driving
position.
• Press (D) to fold the mirrors in to the folded
position.
• Press (A) to select the driver’s side mirror.
The LED indicator will turn on to indicate
that this mirror is selected. Then press
the arrows located on the four-way control pad
to adjust the mirror. Press (A) again to
deselect the mirror. The LED indicator will turn
off to indicate that this mirror is de-selected.
If the mirrors are accidentally folded/unfolded
manually, they may shake or flutter at normal
driving speeds and may not stay in the unfolded
position. If this happens, you will need to reset the
mirrors. See “Resetting the Power Foldaway
Mirrors” next.
137
Resetting the Power Foldaway Mirrors
You will need to reset the power foldaway mirrors
if the following occurs:
• The mirrors are accidentally obstructed while
folding.
• They are accidentally manually
folded/unfolded.
• The mirrors will not stay in the unfolded
position.
• The mirrors shake and flutter at normal driving
speeds.
To reset the power foldaway mirrors, fold and
unfold them one time using the mirror controls.
This will reset them to their normal position.
When the rear window defogger is turned on, both
outside rearview mirrors are heated to help
clear them of ice, snow, and condensation. See
“Rear Window Defogger” under Dual Climate
Control System on page 189 for more information.
Outside Automatic Dimming
Mirror
The driver’s outside mirror may have an automatic
dimming feature that helps to reduce glare from
other vehicles headlamps. This feature is
controlled by the on and off settings on the
automatic dimming rearview mirror. See Automatic
Dimming Rearview Mirror with OnStar® on
page 134.
The mirrors can be manually folded inward to
prevent damage when going through an automatic
car wash or a confined space. To fold, push the
mirror toward the vehicle. To return the mirror to its
original position, push outward. Be sure to
return both mirrors to their original unfolded
position before driving.
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror
The preferred position can be stored in memory if
the vehicle has the memory option. See Memory
Seat and Mirrors on page 12 for more information.
When the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R)
and after a five-second delay, both mirrors
return to their original position.
138
If the vehicle has memory seat and mirrors, the
driver’s or passenger’s mirror can tilt to a
preselected position when the vehicle is shifted
into REVERSE (R). Use this feature to view
the curb when parallel parking.
The driver can select either mirror, or both mirrors
to be activated with this feature. Deselect both
mirrors to turn off the automatic tilt feature.
OnStar® System
If further adjustment is needed after the mirror is
tilted, the mirror controls can be used. See Outside
Power Heated Mirrors on page 137 for more
information.
Outside Convex Mirror
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like
other vehicles) look farther away than
they really are. If you cut too sharply into
the right lane, you could hit a vehicle on
your right. Check your inside mirror or
glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
OnStar® uses several innovative technologies and
live advisors to provide you with a wide range
of safety, security, information, and convenience
services. If your airbags deploy, the system is
designed to make an automatic call to OnStar®
Emergency advisors who can request emergency
services be sent to your location. If you lock
your keys in the vehicle, call OnStar® at
1-888-4-ONSTAR and they can send a signal to
unlock your doors. If you need roadside
assistance, press the OnStar® button and they
can contact Roadside Service for you.
The passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so that more can be
seen from the driver’s seat. The mirror does not
have a dimming feature.
139
OnStar® service is provided to you subject to the
OnStar® Terms and Conditions. You may
cancel your OnStar® service at any time by
contacting OnStar® as provided below. A complete
OnStar® Owners Guide and the OnStar® Terms
and Conditions are included in the vehicle’s
OnStar® Subscriber glove box literature. For more
information, visit onstar.com or onstar.ca,
contact OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827) or TTY 1-877-248-2080, or
press the OnStar® button to speak with an
OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Not all OnStar® features are available on all
vehicles. To check if your vehicle is equipped to
provide the services described below, or for a
full description of OnStar® services and system
limitations, see the OnStar® Owner’s Guide in your
glove box or visit onstar.com.
OnStar® Services
For new vehicles with OnStar®, the Safe & Sound
Plan, or the Directions & Connections® Plan is
included for one year from the date of purchase.
You can extend this plan beyond the first year,
or upgrade to the Directions & Connections® Plan.
For more information, press the OnStar® button
to speak with an advisor.
140
Some OnStar® services (such as Remote Door
Unlock or Stolen Vehicle Location Assistance) may
not be available until you register with OnStar®.
Available Services with Safe & Sound® Plan
• Automatic Notification of Airbag Deployment
• Advanced Automatic Crash Notification (AACN)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
(If equipped)
Link to Emergency Services
Roadside Assistance
Stolen Vehicle Location Assistance
AccidentAssist
Remote Door Unlock/Vehicle Alert
OnStar® Vehicle Diagnostics
GM Goodwrench® On Demand Diagnostics
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling with
30 complimentary minutes
• OnStar® Virtual Advisor (U.S. Only)
Available Services included with Directions
& Connections® Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan Services
• Driving Directions - Advisor delivered or
OnStar® Turn-by-Turn Navigation (If equipped)
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling allows eligible
OnStar® subscribers to make and receive calls
using voice commands. Hands-Free Calling is fully
integrated into the vehicle, and can be used
with OnStar® Pre-Paid Minute Packages.
Hands-Free Calling may also be linked to a
Verizon Wireless service plan in the U.S. or a Bell
Mobility service plan in Canada, depending on
eligibility. To find out more, refer to the OnStar®
Owners Guide in the vehicle’s glove box, visit
www.onstar.com or www.onstar.ca, or speak with
an OnStar® advisor by pressing the OnStar®
button or calling 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827).
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
OnStar® Virtual Advisor is a feature of OnStar®
Hands-Free Calling that uses your minutes to
access location-based weather, local traffic reports,
and stock quotes. By pressing the phone button
and giving a few simple voice commands, you can
browse through the various topics. See the OnStar®
Owners Guide for more information (Only available
in the continental U.S.).
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls
Your vehicle may have a Talk/Mute button that
can be used to interact with OnStar® Hands-Free
Calling. See Audio Steering Wheel Controls on
page 269 for more information.
On some vehicles, you may have to hold the
button for a few seconds and give the command
“ONSTAR” in order to activate the OnStar®
Hands-Free Calling feature.
On some vehicles, the mute button can be used to
dial numbers into voicemail systems, or to dial
phone extensions. See the OnStar® Owner’s
Guide for more information.
141
How OnStar® Service Works
In order to provide you with OnStar® services,
your vehicle’s OnStar® system has the capability
of recording and transmitting vehicle information.
This information is automatically sent to an
OnStar® Call Center at the time of an OnStar®
button press, Emergency button press or if
your airbags or AACN system deploys. The vehicle
information usually includes your GPS location
and, in the event of a crash, additional information
regarding the accident that your vehicle has
been involved in (e.g. the direction from which
your vehicle was hit). When you use the Virtual
Advisor feature of OnStar® Hands-Free Calling,
your vehicle also sends OnStar® your GPS
location so that we can provide you with
location-based services.
OnStar® service cannot work unless your vehicle
is in a place where OnStar® has an agreement
with a wireless service provider for service in that
area. OnStar® service also cannot work unless
you are in a place where the wireless service
provider OnStar® has hired for that area
has coverage, network capacity and reception
when the service is needed, and technology that
142
is compatible with the OnStar® service. Not all
services are available everywhere, particularly in
remote or enclosed areas, or at all times.
OnStar® service that involves location information
about your vehicle cannot work unless GPS
satellite signals are unobstructed and available in
that place as well.
Your vehicle must have a working electrical
system (including adequate battery power) for the
OnStar® equipment to operate. There are other
problems OnStar® cannot control that may prevent
OnStar® from providing OnStar® service to you
at any particular time or place. Some examples are
damage to important parts of your vehicle in an
accident, hills, tall buildings, tunnels, weather
or wireless phone network congestion.
Your Responsibility
You may need to increase the volume of your radio
to hear the OnStar® advisor. If the light next to the
OnStar® buttons is red, this means that your system
is not functioning properly and should be checked
by a dealer. If the light appears clear (no light is
appearing), your OnStar® subscription has expired.
You can always press the OnStar® button to
confirm that your OnStar® equipment is active.
Universal Home Remote
System
Universal Home Remote System
(With Three Round LED)
The Universal Home Remote System provides a
way to replace up to three hand-held
radio-frequency (RF) transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
The FCC Grant of Equipment Authorization
Certificate number is KOBGTV06A.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
The Canadian Registration ID number is
3521A-GTV06A.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
Universal Home Remote System
(With One Triangular LED)
The Universal Home Remote System provides a
way to replace up to three hand-held
radio-frequency (RF) transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
143
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
The FCC Grant of Equipment Authorization
Certificate number is CB2SAHL3.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
The Canadian Registration ID number is
2791021849A.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
144
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED)
Your vehicle may have the Universal Home Remote
System. If there are three round Light Emitting
Diode (LED) above the Universal Home Remote
System buttons, follow the instructions below. If
there is one triangular LED above the Universal
Home Remote System buttons, follow the
instructions under Universal Home Remote System
Operation (with one triangular LED).
This system provides a way to replace up to
three remote control transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
Do not use this system with any garage door
opener that does not have the stop and reverse
feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Read the instructions completely before attempting
to program the transmitter. Because of the steps
involved, it may be helpful to have another
person available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
Be sure to keep the original remote control
transmitter for use in other vehicles, as well as, for
future programming. You only need the original
remote control transmitter for fixed code
programming. It is also recommended that upon
the sale or lease termination of the vehicle,
the programmed buttons should be erased for
security purposes. See “Erasing your Universal
Home Remote Buttons” later in this section.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the
garage door or security device you are
programming. When programming a garage door,
it is advised to park outside of the garage.
If you do not know if your garage door opener is a
fixed code or rolling code device, open your
garage door opener’s remote control battery cover.
Your garage door opener is a fixed code device
if there is a panel of switches. If not, your
garage door opener is a rolling code device.
145
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Fixed Code
Fixed Code garage door openers are used for
garage doors produced prior to 1996. Fixed code
uses the same coded signal every time, which
is manually programmed by setting DIP switches
for a unique personal code.
To program up to three channels,
1. Remove the battery cover of the hand-held
transmitter.
Example of Switch Settings
2. Write down the eight to 12 coding switch
settings from left to right. When the switch
is in the up position, write “on,” and when a
switch is in the down position, write “off”.
If a switch is set between the up and down
position, write “middle”.
3. Enter these positions into the Universal Home
Remote System as follows.
Press and release all three buttons at
the same time to put the device into
programming mode.
146
6. Press and hold the button you would like to
use to control the garage door until the
garage door moves. The indicator light above
the selected button should slowly blink.
You may need to hold the button from
five to 55 seconds.
7. Immediately release the button when the
garage door moves. The indicator light will
blink rapidly until programming is complete.
8. Press and release the button again. The
garage door should move, confirming that
programming is successful and complete.
4. The indicator light will blink slowly. In order
from left to right, and within two and
one-half minutes, enter each switch setting
into the Universal Home Remote System.
Push one button for each switch as follows:
• Left button = “on” switch position.
• Right button = “off” switch position.
• Middle button = “middle” switch position.
To program another device such as an additional
garage door opener, a security device, or
home lighting, repeat Steps 1–8, choosing a
different function button in Step 6 than what you
used for the garage door opener.
5. After entering the switch settings, press and
release all three buttons at the same time.
The indicator lights will turn on.
147
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Rolling Code
Rolling code garage door openers are used for
garage doors produced after 1996 and are
code protected. Rolling code means the coded
signal is changed every time your remote control
garage door opener is used.
Programming a rolling code garage door opener
involves time-sensitive actions, so read the
entire procedure before you begin. If you do not
follow these actions, the device will time out
and you will have to repeat the procedure.
Follow these steps to program up to
three channels:
1. Press the two outside buttons at the same
time for one to two seconds, and immediately
release them.
148
2. Go to the garage. Locate the garage door
motor head and press and release the
“learn” button.
After pressing the “learn” button, you have
10 to 30 seconds to complete Step 4
depending on your garage control unit. If you
cannot locate the “learn” button, refer to
the owners guide for your garage door opener.
3. Press and hold the button you would like to
use to control the garage door until the
garage door moves. The indicator light, above
the selected button, should slowly blink.
You may need to hold the button from
five to 20 seconds.
4. Immediately release the button when the
garage door moves. The indicator light will
blink rapidly until programming is complete.
5. Press and release the button again. The
garage door should move, confirming that
programming is successful and complete.
To program another device such as an additional
garage door opener, a security device, or
home lighting, repeat Steps 1–5, choosing a
different function button in Step 3 than what you
used for the garage door opener.
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate button for at least
half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Reprogramming Universal Home
Remote Buttons
You can reprogram any of the three buttons by
repeating the instructions.
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
You should erase the programmed buttons when
you sell the vehicle or terminate your lease.
To erase either rolling code or fixed code on the
Universal Home Remote device, do the following:
1. Press and hold the two outside buttons at
the same time for approximately 20 seconds,
until the indicator lights, located directly
above the buttons, begin to blink rapidly.
2. Once the indicator lights begin to blink,
release both buttons. The codes from all
buttons will be erased.
For additional information on Universal Home
Remote, see Customer Assistance Offices
on page 491.
149
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With One Triangular LED)
Your vehicle may have the Universal Home
Remote System. If there is one triangular Light
Emitting Diode (LED) above the Universal
Home Remote buttons, follow the instructions
below. If your vehicle has three round LED above
the Universal Home Remote buttons, follow the
instructions under Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With three round LED).
Do not use the Universal Home Remote with any
garage door opener that does not have the
stop and reverse feature. This includes any garage
door opener model manufactured before April 1,
1982. If you have a newer garage door opener
with rolling codes, please be sure to follow Steps
6 through 8 to complete the programming of
your Universal Home Remote Transmitter.
150
Read the instructions completely before attempting
to program the Universal Home Remote.
Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful to
have another person available to assist you in
the programming steps.
Keep the original hand-held transmitter for use in
other vehicles as well as for future Universal
Home Remote programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle,
the programmed Universal Home Remote buttons
should be erased for security purposes. See
“Erasing Universal Home Remote Buttons” later in
this section or, for assistance, see Customer
Assistance Offices on page 491.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the
garage door or gate operator you are
programming. When programming a garage door,
it is advised to park outside of the garage.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed
in your hand-held transmitter for quicker and
more accurate transmission of the radio-frequency
signal.
Programming Universal Home Remote
Follow these steps to program up to
three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside
Universal Home Remote buttons, releasing
only when the Universal Home Remote
indicator light begins to flash, after
20 seconds. Do not hold down the buttons for
longer than 30 seconds and do not repeat
this step to program a second and/or
third hand-held transmitter to the remaining
two Universal Home Remote buttons.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter
about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the
Universal Home Remote buttons while
keeping the indicator light in view.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the
desired Universal Home Remote button
and the hand-held transmitter button. Do not
release the buttons until Step 4 has been
completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers
may require you to substitute Step 3 with
the procedure noted in “Gate Operator and
Canadian Programming” later in this section.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and
then rapidly after Universal Home Remote
successfully receives the frequency signal
from the hand-held transmitter. Release both
buttons.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained Universal
Home Remote button and observe the
indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on continuously,
programming is complete and your device
should activate when the Universal Home
Remote button is pressed and released.
To program the remaining two Universal Home
Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 under
“Programming Universal Home Remote.” Do
not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of
the programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for
two seconds and then turns to a constant
light, continue with Steps 6 through 8 following
to complete the programming of a rolling-code
equipped device, most commonly, a garage
door opener.
151
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be
found where the hanging antenna wire is
attached to the motor-head unit.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or
“Smart” button. The name and color of
the button may vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold
the programmed Universal Home Remote
button for two seconds, then release it.
Immediately press and hold the same button
a second time for two seconds, then
release it. Immediately, press and hold the
same button a third time for two seconds, then
release.
The Universal Home Remote should now
activate your rolling-code equipped device.
To program the remaining two Universal Home
Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 of
“Programming Universal Home Remote.” You do
not want to repeat Step 1, as this will erase
all previous programming from the Universal Home
Remote buttons.
152
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to time out or quit after several seconds
of transmission. This may not be long enough
for Universal Home Remote to pick up the signal
during programming. Similarly, some U.S. gate
operators are manufactured to time out in
the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator or garage door
opener by using the “Programming Universal
Home Remote” procedures, regardless of where
you live, replace Step 3 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the Universal Home
Remote button while you press and release every
two seconds (cycle) the hand-held transmitter
button until the frequency signal has been
successfully accepted by the Universal Home
Remote. The Universal Home Remote indicator
light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” to complete.
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate Universal Home
Remote button for at least half of a second.
The indicator light will come on while the signal is
being transmitted.
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
To erase programming from the three Universal
Home Remote buttons do the following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons
until the indicator light begins to flash, after
20 seconds. Do not hold the two outside
buttons for longer than 30 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
The Universal Home Remote is now in the training
(learning) mode and can be programmed at any
time beginning with Step 2 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” shown earlier in
this section.
Individual buttons cannot be erased, but they can
be reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a
Single Universal Home Remote Button” following
this section.
Reprogramming a Single Universal
Home Remote Button
To program a device to Universal Home Remote
using a Universal Home Remote button
previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired Universal Home
Remote button. Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the Universal
Home Remote button, proceed with Step
2 under “Programming Universal Home
Remote” shown earlier in this section.
For additional information on Universal Home
Remote, see Customer Assistance Offices
on page 491.
Storage Areas
Glove Box
To open the glove box, lift up on the lever. Use
your door key to lock or unlock it.
153
Cupholder(s)
Your vehicle has cupholders located between the
front seats. Slide the cover back to expose
them. There are also cupholders in the armrest of
the second row seat. Press the panel on the
front of the armrest to expose the cupholders. On
the outboard sides of the third row there may
also be cupholders.
Cell Phone Storage Area
Your vehicle has a closeable cell phone/
sunglasses storage area inside both of the front
doors. Press the button to open the door.
Center Console Storage Area
Your vehicle has a center console storage area
located between the front seats. It includes storage
areas, and accessory power outlet(s) on the
rear of the console.
154
Luggage Carrier
{CAUTION:
If you try to carry something on top of
your vehicle that is longer or wider than
the luggage carrier — like paneling,
plywood, a mattress and so forth — the
wind can catch it as you drive along. This
can cause you to lose control. What you
are carrying could be violently torn off,
and this could cause you or other drivers
to have a collision, and of course damage
your vehicle. You may be able to carry
something like this inside. But, never
carry something longer or wider than the
luggage carrier on top of your vehicle.
Cargo Cover
If your vehicle has a cargo cover, you can use it
to cover items in the rear of the vehicle. Pull
the cover from the passenger’s side to the driver’s
side and slide the ends into the slots to secure
it. When it is not in use, take the ends out of the
slots and allow the cover to roll back up.
Cargo Management System
If your vehicle has a luggage carrier, you can load
things on top of your vehicle. The luggage carrier
has side rails attached to the roof. You can get
sliding crossrails through your dealer to use for
tying things down. These let you load some things
on top of your vehicle, as long as they are not wider
or longer than the luggage carrier.
Notice: Loading cargo on the luggage carrier
that weighs more than 100 lbs (45 kg) or
hangs over the rear or sides of the vehicle
may damage your vehicle. Load cargo so that
it rests on the slats as far forward as
possible and against the side rails, making
sure to fasten it securely.
Your vehicle may have a cargo management
system. It provides extra storage space for the rear
of the vehicle.
The cargo management system has three
compartments. The one closest to the front of the
vehicle opens from behind the second row.
The center compartment has a divider. The
compartment closest to the rear of the vehicle has
a removable storage bin.
155
Sunroof
Sunroof (Ultra View® )
{CAUTION:
People who are in a crash and not
wearing a safety belt properly can suffer
much worse injuries. They can hit things
inside the vehicle or be ejected from it,
and be seriously injured or killed. This is
true for any vehicle occupant, in any
motor vehicle. In a rollover or other crash,
the Ultra View® roof can be damaged or
destroyed. People who are unbelted would
be at risk of being ejected from the
vehicle. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ belts are
fastened properly too.
156
The vehicle may have an Ultra View® sunroof over
the first two rows of seats. The ignition must be
turned to ON, or ACCESSORY, or the Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) must be active to operate
it. See Retained Accessory Power (RAP) on
page 118.
The sunroof/sunshade
switches are located in
the headliner between
the driver and front
passenger.
One switch operates the sunroof and the other
switch operates the sunshade.
Press the back of the sunroof switch to open the
sunroof. When the switch is pressed to the
first stop the sunroof will open to a desired
position. Press the switch to the second stop to
express open the sunroof to a preset comfort
position. Press the second stop again to
fully express open the sunroof. Press the front of
the switch to close the sunroof. The first stop
will close the sunroof at a desired position
at normal speed, and the second stop will express
close the roof.
Press the back of the sunshade switch to open
the sunshade. Press the front of the switch to the
first stop to close the sunshade to a desired
position at a normal speed. Press the switch
forward to the second stop to express close the
sunshade.
Resynchronization
To resynchronize the sunroof and sunshade, do
the following.
1. With the engine running, press and hold both
the sunroof switch in the open position and
the sunshade switch in the closed position for
six seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
3. When the sunroof reaches the fully closed
position, the sunshade will close.
4. After the sunroof and sunshade have fully
closed, continue to hold the sunroof switch
in the closed position for an additional three or
four seconds to complete the
resynchronization process.
Anti-Pinch Feature
If an object is in the path of the sunroof when it is
closing, the anti-pinch feature will detect the
object and stop the sunroof from closing at the
point of the obstruction. The sunroof will then
reverse. To close the sunroof once it has
re-opened, remove the obstruction and press the
front of the sunroof switch.
157
Sunroof (Ultra View® Plus)
{CAUTION:
People who are in a crash and not
wearing a safety belt properly can suffer
much worse injuries. They can hit things
inside the vehicle or be ejected from it,
and be seriously injured or killed. This is
true for any vehicle occupant, in any
motor vehicle. In a rollover or other crash,
the Ultra View® roof can be damaged or
destroyed. People who are unbelted would
be at risk of being ejected from the
vehicle. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ belts are
fastened properly too.
158
The vehicle may have an Ultra View® sunroof over
the first two rows of seats and a smaller sunroof
over the third row seat. Both have sunshades, but
the back sunroof does not open. The ignition
must be turned to ON, or ACCESSORY, or the
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) must be active
to operate it. See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 118
The sunroof/sunshade
switches are located in
the headliner between
the driver and front
passenger.
One switch operates the front sunroof and another
switch operates the front sunshade. The third
switch is for the rear sunshade.
Press the back of the sunroof switch to open the
sunroof. Press the switch to the first stop to
open the sunroof to a desired position. Press the
switch to the second stop to express open the
sunroof to a preset comfort stop. Press the switch
at the second stop again to express open the
sunroof completely. Press the front of the sunroof
switch to close the sunroof. Press the switch to
the first stop to close the sunroof to a desired
position. Press the front of the switch to the
second stop to express close the sunroof.
Press the back of the front sunshade switch to
open it. Press it to the first stop to open the front
sunshade to a desired position. Press it again
to express open the sunshade. Press the front of
the front sunshade switch to close it. Press to
the first stop to close it to a desired position. Press
the switch to the second stop to express close
the front sunshade
Press the back of the rear sunshade switch to
open the rear sunshade. Press the front of
the switch to close the rear sunshade.
Anti-Pinch Feature
If an object is in the path of the sunroof when it is
closing, the anti-pinch feature will detect the
object and stop the sunroof from closing at the
point of the obstruction. The sunroof will then
reverse. To close the sunroof once it has
re-opened, remove the obstruction and press the
front of the sunroof switch.
159
Resynchronization
To resynchronize the front sunroof and front and
rear sunshades, do the following.
1. With the engine running, press and hold the
rear sunshade switch in the closed position
for about 15 seconds – the shade will move to
the stop position.
2. Briefly release the button, and press the rear
sunshade switch in the closed position again.
The shade will now move to the fully open
position and then return to the fully closed
position. Keep the switch pushed in the closed
position for the entire open/close cycle of
the shade.
160
3. At the same time, press and hold the front
sunroof switch in the open position and the
front sunshade switch in the closed position
for about six seconds.
When the front sunroof reaches the fully
closed position, the front sunshade will close.
4. After the sunroof and sunshade have
fully closed, continue to hold the sunroof
switch in the closed position for an additional
three or four seconds to complete the
resynchronization process.
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ........................ 164
Hazard Warning Flashers .......................... 166
Other Warning Devices ............................. 166
Horn .......................................................... 166
Tilt Wheel .................................................. 166
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .................. 167
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ................. 168
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .......... 169
Flash-to-Pass ............................................ 169
Windshield Wipers ..................................... 170
Windshield Washer .................................... 171
Rear Window Wiper/Washer ...................... 172
Headlamp Washer ..................................... 173
Cruise Control ........................................... 174
Headlamps ................................................ 178
Wiper Activated Headlamps ....................... 178
Headlamps on Reminder ........................... 179
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ................. 179
Fog Lamps ................................................ 181
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver .................. 181
Instrument Panel Brightness ...................... 181
Entry Lighting ............................................ 182
Parade Dimming ........................................ 182
Reading Lamps ......................................... 182
Electric Power Management ...................... 183
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) ........................................ 184
Accessory Power Outlet(s) ........................ 186
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter ................ 187
Analog Clock ............................................. 188
Climate Controls ......................................... 189
Dual Climate Control System ..................... 189
Outlet Adjustment ...................................... 194
Rear Air Conditioning System .................... 195
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ............. 195
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ..... 197
Instrument Panel Cluster ........................... 198
Speedometer and Odometer ...................... 199
Tachometer ............................................... 199
Engine Speed Limiter ................................ 199
Safety Belt Reminder Light ........................ 200
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder Light ....... 200
Airbag Readiness Light ............................. 201
161
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............. 202
Charging System Light .............................. 204
Brake System Warning Light ..................... 204
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ...... 205
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning
Light ...................................................... 206
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning
Light ...................................................... 206
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ............ 207
Tire Pressure Light .................................... 207
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ........................ 208
Oil Pressure Light ..................................... 211
Security Light ............................................ 212
Fog Lamp Light ......................................... 212
Lights On Reminder .................................. 212
Cruise Control Light .................................. 212
Highbeam On Light ................................... 213
Tow/Haul Mode Light ................................ 213
Fuel Gage ................................................. 213
Driver Information Center (DIC) .................. 214
DIC Controls and Displays ........................ 215
DIC Warnings and Messages .................... 220
DIC Vehicle Customization ........................ 231
162
Audio System(s) ......................................... 240
Setting the Time (Radio with Single
CD Player) ............................................. 242
Setting the Time (Radio with Six-Disc
CD Player) ............................................. 244
Radio with CD ........................................... 246
Using an MP3 ........................................... 257
XM Radio Messages ................................. 264
Navigation/Radio System ........................... 266
Rear Seat Entertainment System ............... 266
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................. 266
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................. 268
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................. 269
Radio Reception ........................................ 270
Care of Your CDs ..................................... 271
Care of the CD Player .............................. 271
Diversity Antenna System .......................... 272
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ....... 272
✍ NOTES
163
Instrument Panel Overview
164
The main components of the instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 194.
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 167.
C. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 198.
D. Windshield Wiper Lever. See Windshield
Wipers on page 170.
E. Analog Clock. See Analog Clock on page 188.
F. Driver Information Center Controls (DIC).
See DIC Controls and Displays on page 215.
G. Hood Release. See Hood Release on
page 355. Parking Brake Release. See Parking
Brake on page 127.
H. Instrument Panel Brightness Control. See
Instrument Panel Brightness on page 181.
I. Tilt Wheel Lever. See Tilt Wheel on page 166.
J. Adjustable Pedal Button (If Equipped). See
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal on
page 120.
K. Horn. See Horn on page 166.
L. Ashtray (If Equipped). See Ashtray(s) and
Cigarette Lighter on page 187.
M. Traction Control Button. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 281.
N. Tow/Haul Selector Button (If Equipped). See
Tow/Haul Mode on page 126.
O. Hazard Warning Flasher Button. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 166.
P. Dual Climate Control System. See Dual
Climate Control System on page 189.
Q. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on
page 240.
R. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 153.
165
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
The hazard warning flashers let you warn the
police and others that you have a problem. The
front and rear turn signal lamps will flash on
and off.
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set them
up at the side of the road about 300 feet
(100 m) behind your vehicle.
The hazard warning
flasher button is located
on the instrument
panel below the climate
control system.
The hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position the key is in, and even if the key is not
in the ignition switch.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off. Press the button
again to turn the flashers off.
While the hazard warning flashers are on, the turn
signals do not work.
166
Horn
Press near or on the horn symbols on your steering
wheel pad to sound the horn.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can raise it to the highest
level to give your legs more room when you
exit and enter the vehicle.
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
• G Turn and Lane-Change Signals. See
Turn and Lane-Change Signals on page 168.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel
is located on the left side of the steering column.
• P Exterior Lamp Control. See Headlamps on
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and
pull the lever. Then move the steering wheel to a
comfortable position and release the lever to
lock the wheel in place.
• 23 Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer.
page 178.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on
page 169.
• Flash-To-Pass Feature. See Flash-to-Pass on
page 169.
• - Fog Lamps. See Fog Lamps on page 181.
• I Cruise Control. See Cruise Control on
page 174.
167
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or
down. The lever returns automatically when
the turn is complete.
An arrow on the
instrument panel cluster
will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to
flash to signal a lane change. Hold it there until the
lane change is complete. The lever returns to its
original position when it is released.
168
Rapid flashing of arrows when signaling for a turn
or lane change may be caused by a burned-out
signal bulb. Other driver’s will not see the signal.
Replace burned-out bulbs to help avoid possible
accidents. Check the fuse and for burned-out bulbs
if the arrow fails to work when signaling a turn.
See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 455 for
more information.
Turn Signal On Chime
If the turn signal is left on for about 3⁄4 mile
(1.2 km), a warning chime will sound and the
TURN SIGNAL ON message will appear on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) display. See “Turn
Signal On” under DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 220 for more information.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass
Push forward on the turn signal/multifunction
lever to change the headlamps from low to high
beam. Pull the lever back and then release it
to change from high to low beam.
This feature allows you to use the high-beam
headlamps to signal the driver in front of you that
you want to pass.
If you turn the vehicle off with the high beams on,
the high beams will be on the next time you
start your vehicle.
This light on the
instrument panel cluster
will be on, indicating
high-beam usage.
Pull and hold the turn signal/multifunction lever
toward you to use this feature. When you do this,
the following will occur:
• If the headlamps are off, in low-beam or in
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) mode, the
high-beam headlamps will turn on. They will
stay on as long as you hold the lever
there. Release the lever to turn them off.
• If the headlamps are in high-beam mode, they
will switch to low beam. To return to
high-beam, push the lever away from you.
169
Windshield Wipers
The closer you move the band toward mist, the
longer the delay. The windshield wiper lever must
be in delay for this feature to work.
6 (Low Speed): Put the lever in this position
for slow, steady wiping cycles.
1 (High Speed): Put the lever in this position
for rapid wiping cycles.
The lever on the right side of the steering column
operates the windshield wipers.
7 (Mist): Pull the lever down and release it for
a single wiping cycle. The lever will return to its
original position. For more cycles, hold the
lever down before releasing it.
9 (Off): Put the lever in this position to turn off
the wipers.
& (Delay): Put the lever in this position to set a
delay between wipes. Turn the delay adjustment
band to set the length of the delay.
6 (Delay Adjustment): Use this band to set the
length of the delay between wipes when using the
delay feature.
170
If the windshield wipers are in use for about
six seconds while you are driving, the exterior
lamps will come on automatically if the exterior
lamp control is in AUTO. See Wiper Activated
Headlamps on page 178 for more information.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they are frozen to the
windshield, gently loosen or thaw them. If the
blades do become damaged, install new blades.
For more information, see Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement on page 397.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it
cools down. Clear away snow or ice to prevent an
overload.
Windshield Washer
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
If your vehicle is low on washer fluid, the WASHER
FLUID LOW ADD FLUID message will appear
on the Driver Information Center (DIC) display.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 220 for
more information.
If the headlamps are on when you wash the
windshield, the headlamp washer will turn on, if
your vehicle has them. Both the windshield and the
headlamps will be washed. See Headlamp
Washer on page 173.
The windshield washer button is located at the
end of the windshield wiper lever.
K (Washer Fluid): Press this button to wash
the windshield. Washer fluid will squirt onto
the windshield and the wipers will run for a few
cycles to clear the windshield. For more wash
cycles, press and hold the button.
171
Rear Window Wiper/Washer
Z (Rear Wiper): Press this side of the button to
turn the rear wiper on.
Y (Washer Fluid): Press this button to wash
{CAUTION:
and wipe the window.
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
The switch for the rear
washer/wiper is located
in the overhead
console.
172
The rear window washer uses the same fluid
bottle as the windshield washer. However, the rear
window washer will run out of fluid before the
windshield washer. If you can wash your
windshield but not your rear windows, check the
fluid level.
5 (Delay): Press this side of the button to turn
on delayed wiping.
To turn either the delay or rear wiper setting off,
press the opposite side of the button to turn it
to the off position. Pressing the button all the way
down on either side will activate a wiper setting.
Headlamp Washer
Your vehicle may have headlamp washers. The
headlamp washers clear debris from the headlamp
lenses.
To wash the headlamps, press the washer button
located at the end of the windshield wiper lever.
Both the headlamps and the windshield will be
washed. After the first wash, the headlamps will be
washed after the fifth press of the windshield
washer button.
The headlamps must be on to be washed. If the
headlamps are off, only the windshield will be
washed when the washer button is pressed. If the
washer fluid is low, the headlamp washers will
not work.
See Windshield Washer on page 171 for additional
information.
The headlamp washers are located to the inside
of the headlamps.
173
Cruise Control
These controls are
located on the end of
the multifunction lever.
With cruise control, a speed of about 25 mph
(40 km/h) or more can be maintained without
keeping your foot on the accelerator. This
can really help on long trips. Cruise control does
not work at speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h).
If you apply your brakes, the cruise control will
shut off.
{CAUTION:
9 (Off): Move to this position to turn the
system off.
R (On): Move to this position to turn on the
system.
+ (Resume/Accelerate): Move to this position to
make the vehicle resume a previously set
speed or to accelerate when cruise is already
active.
T (Set/Decrease): Press this button to set the
speed or to decrease the speed when cruise
is already active.
174
Cruise control can be dangerous where
you cannot drive safely at a steady speed.
So, do not use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
excessive wheel slip, and you could lose
control. Do not use cruise control on
slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the
Traction Control System (TCS) begins to limit
wheel spin, the cruise control will automatically
disengage. See Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 281 and StabiliTrak® System on page 283.
When road conditions allow you to safely use
it again, you may turn the cruise control back on.
Setting Cruise Control
1. Move the cruise control switch to on.
2. Get up to the speed desired.
3. Press in the set button at the end of the lever
and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
This light on the
instrument panel cluster
will come on while
cruise control is on.
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when
you are not using cruise, you might hit a
button and go into cruise when you do
not want to. You could be startled and
even lose control. Keep the cruise control
switch off until you want to use cruise
control.
175
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set the cruise control at a desired
speed and then you apply the brake. This, of
course, disengages the cruise control. But it does
not need to be reset.
Once you are going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or
more, you can move the cruise control switch
briefly from on to resume/accelerate.
You will go right back up to your chosen speed
and stay there.
If you hold the switch at resume/accelerate the
vehicle will keep going faster until you release the
switch or apply the brake. Do not hold the
switch at resume/accelerate, unless you want the
vehicle to go faster.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the set button at the end of the
lever, then release the button and the
accelerator pedal. You will now cruise at the
higher speed.
• Move the cruise switch from on to resume/
accelerate. Hold it there until you get up to the
desired speed, and then release the switch. To
increase your speed in very small amounts,
move the switch briefly to resume/accelerate.
Each time you do this, your vehicle will go
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
If using the accelerator pedal and the set button at
end of the lever to increase cruise set speed,
your new set speed must be at least 5 mph higher
than current speed for this method to work. If it
is not 5 mph higher, switch cruise switch off, then
on, and then reset your speed using the set
button.
176
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while
using cruise control:
• Press in the button at the end of the lever until
you reach the lower speed desired, then
release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, briefly
press the set button. Each time you do this,
you will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, the
vehicle will slow down to the cruise control speed
you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well the cruise control works on hills depends
upon the vehicle speed, load, and the steepness of
the hills. When going up steep hills, you might have
to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain the
vehicle’s speed. When going downhill, you might
have to brake to keep the vehicle’s speed down.
Applying the brake will turn off the cruise control. If
you need to apply the brake due to the grade of the
downhill slope, you might not want to attempt to use
your cruise control feature.
Ending Cruise Control
To end a cruise control session, step lightly on the
brake pedal.
Stepping on the brake pedal will end the current
cruise control session only. Move the cruise control
switch to off to turn off the system completely.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
the cruise control set speed memory is erased.
177
Headlamps
The exterior lamp control is located in the middle
of the turn signal/multifunction lever.
O (Exterior Lamp Control): Turn the control
with this symbol on it to operate the exterior lamps.
The exterior lamp control has four positions:
O (On/Off): Turn the control to this position to
turn off all lamps except the Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL).
AUTO (Automatic): Turn the control to this
position to put the headlamps in automatic mode.
AUTO mode will turn the exterior lamps on
and off depending upon how much light is
available outside of the vehicle.
; (Parking Lamps): Turn the control to this
position to turn on the parking lamps together with
the following:
• Sidemarker Lamps
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
178
5 (Headlamps): Turn the control to this position
to turn on the headlamps, together with the
previously listed lamps and lights.
Wiper Activated Headlamps
This feature activates the headlamps and parking
lamps after the windshield wipers have been in
use for about six seconds. For this feature to work,
the exterior lamp control must be in AUTO.
When the exterior lamp control is off or in the
parking lamp position and the windshield wiper
control is in any position except off, the Headlamps
Suggested message will appear on the DIC
display. See “Headlamps Suggested Message”
under DIC Warnings and Messages on page 220
for more information.
When the ignition is turned to OFF, the
wiper-activated headlamps will immediately turn
off. They will also turn off if the windshield
wiper control is turned off.
Headlamps on Reminder
A warning chime will sound if the exterior lamp
control is left on in either the headlamp or parking
lamp position and the driver’s door is opened
with the ignition off. See Lights On Reminder on
page 212 for additional information.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during
the day. DRL can be helpful in many different
driving conditions, but they can be especially
helpful in the short periods after dawn and before
sunset. Fully functional daytime running lamps
are required on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make the turn signal lamps
come on when the following conditions are met:
• It is daylight and the ignition is in the ON or
START position.
• The exterior lamp control is in the off or AUTO
position and the headlamps are off.
• The automatic transmission is not in PARK (P).
When DRL are on, only the front turn signal lamps
will be on. No other exterior lamps will be on.
The instrument panel cluster will not be lit
up either.
179
When the exterior lamp control is in AUTO and it is
dark enough outside, the DRL will turn off and the
low-beam headlamps will turn on. When it is bright
enough outside, the low-beam headlamps will go
off, and the DRL will turn back on. If you start the
vehicle in a dark garage, the automatic headlamp
system will come on immediately. Once you leave
the garage, it will take about one minute for the
automatic headlamp system to change to DRL if it
is light outside. During that delay, the instrument
panel cluster may not be as bright as usual. Make
sure the instrument panel brightness lever is in the
full bright position. See Instrument Panel Brightness
on page 181.
To drive the vehicle with the DRL off, turn the
exterior lamp control off. Then turn on the
fog lamps or parking lamps, and the DRL will turn
off. This will work regardless of gear position
and whether or not the parking brake is set.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
180
Light Sensor
The light sensor for the DRL and AUTO headlamp
feature is located on top of the instrument panel.
If you cover the sensor, it will prevent it from
sensing light, and the exterior lamps may come on
whenever the ignition is on.
Fog Lamps
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
Use the fog lamps for better vision in foggy or
misty conditions.
If the parking lamps or headlamps have been left
on, the exterior lamps will turn off about 10 minutes
after the ignition is turned to OFF. This protects
against draining the battery in case the headlamps
or parking lamps have been left on. The battery
saver does not work if the headlamps are turned on
after the ignition is turned to OFF.
The fog lamp controls are located on the turn
signal/multifunction lever.
- (Fog Lamps): The band with this symbol is
used to turn the fog lamps on and off.
The parking lamps must be on for the fog lamps
to work.
To turn the fog lamps on, turn the fog lamp band
on the lever up to the dot and release it. The
band will return to its original position.
To turn the fog lamps off, turn the fog lamp band
up to the dot and release it. The band will
return to its original position, and the fog lamps
will turn off. If the high-beam headlamps are turned
on, the fog lamps will also turn off. They will turn
back on again when you switch back to low-beam
headlamps.
Some localities have laws that require the
headlamps to be on along with the fog lamps.
If you need to leave the lamps on for more than
10 minutes, use the exterior lamp control to
turn the lamps back on.
Instrument Panel Brightness
Turn the knob clockwise
or counterclockwise to
brighten or dim the
interior lights.
To turn on the dome lamps, turn the knob
completely clockwise as far as it will go. The
dome lamps stay on until they are turned off.
181
Entry Lighting
Parade Dimming
The entry lighting system turns on the reading and
dome lamps and the backlighting to the exterior
lamp control when a door is opened or if the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter unlock
button is pressed. If activated by the (RKE),
the lighting will remain active for about 25 seconds.
The entry lighting system uses the light sensor
on the instrument panel; so it must be dark outside
in order for the lamps to turn on. The lamps turn
off about 25 seconds after the last door is
closed. They will dim to off if the ignition key is
turned to ON, or immediately turn off if the power
locks are used.
This feature prohibits dimming of the instrument
panel displays and backlighting during daylight
hours when the key is in the ignition and the
headlamps are on. This feature operates with the
light sensor and is fully automatic. When the light
sensor reads darkness outside and the parking
lamps are active, the instrument panel displays can
be adjusted by sliding the instrument panel
brightness lever toward the symbol to brighten or
away from the symbol to dim the lighting.
Reading Lamps
The reading lamps are located on the overhead
console. These lamps come on automatically when
any door is opened.
For manual operation, press the button next to
each lamp to turn it on or off.
If the reading lamps are left on, they automatically
shut off 10 minutes after the ignition has been
turned off.
182
Electric Power Management
The vehicle has Electric Power Management
(EPM) that estimates the battery’s temperature and
state of charge. It then adjusts the voltage for
best performance and extended life of the battery.
When the battery’s state of charge is low, the
voltage is raised slightly to quickly put the charge
back in. When the state of charge is high, the
voltage is lowered slightly to prevent overcharging.
If the vehicle has a voltmeter gage or voltage
display on the Driver Information Center (DIC), you
may see the voltage move up or down. This is
normal. If there is a problem, an alert will be
displayed.
The battery can be discharged at idle if the
electrical loads are very high. This is true for all
vehicles. This is because the generator (alternator)
may not be spinning fast enough at idle to
produce all the power that is needed for very high
electrical loads.
A high electrical load occurs when several of the
following loads are on: headlamps, high beams, fog
lamps, rear window defogger, climate control fan at
high speed, heated seats, engine cooling fans,
trailer loads, and loads plugged into accessory
power outlets.
EPM works to prevent excessive discharge of the
battery. It does this by balancing the generator’s
output and the vehicle’s electrical needs. It
can increase engine idle speed to generate more
power, whenever needed. It can temporarily
reduce the power demands of some accessories.
Normally, these actions occur in steps or levels,
without being noticeable. In rare cases at the
highest levels of corrective action, this action may
be noticeable to the driver. If so, a Driver
Information Center (DIC) message might be
displayed, such as Battery Saver Active or Service
Battery Charging System. If this message is
displayed, it is recommended that the driver
reduce the electrical loads as much as possible.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 220.
183
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA)
Your vehicle may have the Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) system. It is designed to help you
park while the vehicle is in REVERSE (R). It
operates only at very low speeds, less than 3 mph
(5 km/h). URPA can help make parking easier and
help you avoid colliding with objects such as parked
vehicles. The URPA system can detect objects up
to 5 feet (1.5 m) behind the vehicle, and tell you
how close these objects are from your rear bumper.
184
{CAUTION:
The Ultrasonic Rear Park Assist (URPA)
system does not replace driver vision.
URPA does not:
• Operate above speeds of
3 mph (5 km/h).
• Detect objects more than 5 feet
(1.5 meters) behind the vehicle. This
distance may be less during warmer
or humid weather.
• Detect objects that are below the
bumper, underneath the vehicle, or
that are very close to the vehicle.
• Detect children, pedestrians,
bicyclists, or pets.
So if you do not use proper care before
backing up, you could hit a vehicle, child,
pedestrian, bicyclist, or pet, resulting in
vehicle damage, injury, or death. Even
though the vehicle has the URPA system,
always check carefully before backing up
by checking behind your vehicle.
The URPA display is
located inside the
vehicle, above the
liftgate glass. It
has three color-coded
lights that can be
seen through the
rearview mirror or by
turning around.
How the System Works
URPA comes on automatically when the shift lever
is moved into REVERSE (R) and the vehicle
speed is less than 3 mph (5 km/h). When
the system turns on, the three lights on the display
will illuminate for one and a half seconds to let
you know that the system is working. If your
vehicle is moving in REVERSE (R) at a speed
greater than 3 mph (5 km/h), the red light will flash
to remind you that the system does not work at
a speed greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
If an object is detected at a REVERSE (R) speed
of less than 3 mph (5 km/h), one of the following
will occur:
Description
Amber light
Amber/amber lights
Amber/amber/red lights &
continuous chime
Amber/amber/red lights
flashing & continuous
chime
English
5 ft
40 in
Metric
1.5 m
1.0 m
20 in
0.5 m
1 ft
0.3 m
A chime will sound the first time an object is
detected between 20 inches (0.5 m) and 5 feet
(1.5 m) away.
URPA cannot detect objects that are above liftgate
level. In order for the rear sensors to recognize
an object, it must be within detection range behind
the vehicle.
185
When the System Does Not Seem to Work
Properly
The light may flash red when the vehicle is in
REVERSE (R), if the ultrasonic sensors are not
kept clean. So be sure to keep your rear bumper
free of mud, dirt, snow, ice and slush. Other
conditions that may affect system performance
include things like the vibrations from a jackhammer
or the compression of air brakes on a very large
truck. If after cleaning the rear bumper and then
driving forward at least 15 mph (25 km/h), the
display continues to flash red, see your dealer.
If a trailer was attached to your vehicle, or a
bicycle or an object was on the back of, or hanging
out of your liftgate during your last drive cycle,
the light may also flash red. The light will continue
to flash whenever in REVERSE (R) until your
vehicle is driven forward at least 15 mph (25 km/h)
without any obstructions behind the vehicle.
For cleaning instructions, see Washing Your
Vehicle on page 447.
186
Accessory Power Outlet(s)
The accessory power outlets can be used to plug
in electrical equipment such as a cellular
telephone, CB radio, etc.
The vehicle has one outlet in front of the center
console on the instrument panel and one in
the rear compartment. Your vehicle may have
one or two outlets in the rear of the center console.
There is a small cap that must be removed to
access the accessory power outlet. When
not using the outlet be sure to cover it with the
protective cap.
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment plugged
in for an extended period of time while the
vehicle is off will drain the battery. Power is
always supplied to the outlets. Always unplug
electrical equipment when not in use and
do not plug in equipment that exceeds
the maximum 20 ampere rating.
Certain accessory power plugs may not be
compatible to the accessory power outlet and
could result in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If
you experience a problem, see your dealer
for additional information on the accessory power
outlets.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to
your vehicle may damage it or keep other
components from working as they should. The
repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not use equipment exceeding
maximum amperage rating of 20 amperes.
Check with your dealer before adding electrical
equipment.
Follow the proper installation instructions that are
included with any electrical equipment you
install.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can
cause damage not covered by your warranty.
Do not hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug because the
power outlets are designed for accessory
power plugs only.
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter
Your vehicle may have an ashtray and cigarette
lighter.
Notice: If you put papers, pins, or other
flammable items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes
or other smoking materials could ignite
them and possibly damage your vehicle. Never
put flammable items in the ashtray.
Ashtray
The ashtray is located under the climate control
panel on the instrument panel. Press on the
door to release the ashtray.
To empty the ashtray, remove it from the
instrument panel by gripping the edges and pulling
straight out. To reinstall, push the tray back into
place.
There may also be ashtrays in the rear doors.
187
Cigarette Lighter
Analog Clock
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it
is heating does not let the lighter back
away from the heating element when it is hot.
Damage from overheating can occur to the
lighter or heating element, or a fuse could be
blown. Do not hold a cigarette lighter in while it
is heating.
The analog clock is located on the instrument
panel above the radio. The clock is not connected
with any other vehicle system and runs by
itself. To adjust the clock, do the following:
The cigarette lighter is located next to the ashtray.
The vehicle does not have any cigarette lighters
for the rear seat passengers.
To activate the cigarette lighter, push it into the
heating element and let go. When the lighter
is ready it will pop back out by itself.
188
1. Locate the adjustment button directly below
the clock face.
2. Push and hold the adjustment button to
advance the clock hands. Holding the
button down will cause the clock to advance
faster. Release the button before you get
to the desired time.
3. Push and release the button to increase the
time by one minute increments until the
desired time is reached.
Climate Controls
To activate the automatic system:
Dual Climate Control System
AUTO (Automatic Mode):
1. Turn the fan and mode controls to the AUTO
position. This also sets the recirculation mode
to automatic operation on the display.
With this system you can control the heating,
cooling, defrosting, and ventilation for the vehicle.
Dual Climate Control System
Automatic Operation
The climate control system automatically adjusts
the air temperature, air delivery mode, fan
speed, and air conditioning for best comfort in the
vehicle.
2. Press the up or down arrows to adjust the
temperature to a comfortable setting between
70°F (21°C) and 80°F (27°C).
3. Allow the system time to stabilize. This might
take several minutes in very hot or cold
weather. Then adjust the temperature, as
needed for best comfort.
Choosing the coldest or warmest temperature
setting will not cause the system to heat or cool
any faster. In cold weather, the system starts at
reduced fan speeds to avoid blowing cold air
into the vehicle until warmer air is available.
The automatic system starts out blowing air at
the floor, but changes modes automatically as
the vehicle warms up to maintain the chosen
temperature setting.
The length of time needed to warm the interior
depends on the outside temperature and
the amount of time that has passed since the
vehicle was last driven.
189
«ª (Driver’s Temperature Controls): Press
the up or down buttons closest to the driver
to manually increase or decrease the temperature
inside the vehicle.
«ª (Passenger’s Temperature Controls):
Press the up or down buttons closest to the
passenger to manually increase or decrease the
temperature for the front passenger. If the
passenger’s climate control system is off, pressing
either of these buttons turns it on.
Manual Operation
9 (Fan): Turn the left control to adjust the fan
speed manually if the automatic setting is higher or
lower than desired. The fan speed remains at
this level until you return to AUTO or adjust to a
different level. In the automatic position, the blower
might go to a lower speed during an OnStar®
session to limit the background noise.
190
To change the current mode, select one of the
following positions using the right control:
AUTO: Turn the control to this position to turn on
the automatic delivery mode operation.
F (Vent): Turn the control to this position so that
air is directed to the instrument panel outlets.
* (Bi-Level): Turn the control to this position so
that half of the air is directed to the instrument
panel outlets and the other half goes to the floor
outlets. The temperature of the air to the floor
will be warmer than the air to the upper outlets.
7 (Floor): Turn the control to this position so that
most of the air is directed to the floor outlets
with some air directed to the outboard outlets, side
window outlets, and defroster outlet.
W (Defog): Turn the control to this position so
that air is directed between the windshield
and floor outlets, with some air going to the
outboard outlets and side window outlets. More
information of defogging can be found later in this
section.
0 (Defrost): Turn the control to this position so
that most of the air is directed to the windshield
with some air going to the side window outlets.
More information on defrosting can be found later
in this section.
O (On/Off): Press this button to turn the climate
control system on or off. While off, adjusting
any button or control, except recirculation and rear
window defog turns the system back on. The air
inlets default to outside air when the climate
control system is turned off.
PASS (Passenger’s Climate Control): Press this
button to turn the passenger’s climate control
system on or off. Then press the up or down
buttons to choose the desired setting. Pressing
the button again automatically sets the passengers
temperature to the drivers setting. Turning the
passenger’s temperature display off does not turn
off the climate control system for the passenger.
Recirculation Operation
There are three options for bringing air into the
climate control system. They are controlled
by pressing the center button on the climate
control panel. The climate control display indicates
one of the following three modes:
9 AUTO (Auto Air Inlet): This mode lets the
automatic climate control system choose the
best air inlet position for cooling or warming the
vehicle. To have full automatic climate control,
the fan and mode controls must be set to
the AUTO position. Generally, recirculation will
only automatically be selected on hot days.
Your vehicle may have an optional Air Quality
Sensor. To activate the air quality sensor, the
auto air inlet setting must be used. For more
information, see Air Quality Sensor found later
in this section.
191
? (Recirculation): This mode recirculates air
inside the vehicle and keeps outside air from
coming into the vehicle. It can be used to help cool
the vehicle more quickly or to prevent odors
from entering the vehicle.
The air conditioning system removes moisture
from the air, so you might notice water dripping
underneath the vehicle while idling or after turning
off the engine. This is normal.
Sensors
Recirculation is not available in the defrost mode.
It is also cancelled when floor or defog mode
is selected. In some conditions using recirculation
for long periods of time can cause the air inside
the vehicle to become too dry or stuffy. To prevent
this from happening, after the air in the vehicle
has cooled, select auto air inlet or outside air.
: (Outside Air): This mode pulls fresh air from
outside the vehicle. Outside air is always
selected in defrost mode to prevent fogging.
Air Conditioning
# (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn
the air conditioning on or off, and override the
automatic system. When selecting the AUTO fan
or AUTO mode, the air conditioning compressor
comes on automatically, as necessary.
192
There is a solar sensor located on top of the
instrument panel, near the windshield.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high
humidity (moisture) condensing on the cool window
glass. This can be minimized if the climate
control system is used properly. There are
two modes to clear fog from the windshield.
There is also an interior temperature sensor
located below the climate control system next to
the steering wheel.
There is also an ambient sensor located behind
the grille in front of the vehicle.
These sensors help the climate control system
automatically control the temperature setting. The
system can supply cooler air to the side of the
vehicle facing the sun. The recirculation mode will
also be used as needed to maintain cool outlet
temperatures.
W (Floor/Defog): Use this mode to clear the
windows of fog and warm the passengers.
The system turns off recirculation and runs the air
conditioning compressor unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. If recirculation
mode is selected while using the defog mode,
the system recirculates air initially but returns to
the fresh air mode after 10 minutes.
0 (Defrost): Use this mode to remove fog or
frost from the windshield more quickly. When
selected, the system turns off recirculation
and runs the air conditioning compressor, unless
the outside temperature is at or below freezing.
Do not drive the vehicle until all the windows are
clear.
Do not cover any of the sensors or the climate
control system might not work properly.
193
Rear Window Defogger
Outlet Adjustment
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog or frost from the rear window.
Use the knobs located in the center of each outlet
to change the direction of the airflow. Use the
thumbwheels to open or close the outlets.
< (Rear Defogger): Press the center of the
right control to turn the rear window defogger on or
off. Be sure to clear as much snow from the
rear window as possible. The rear window
defogger turns off about 20 minutes after the
button is first pressed if the vehicle is moving at
slower speeds. At higher vehicle speeds, the rear
defogger can stay on continuously. Each
additional press runs the defogger for about
10 minutes.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow, or leaves from the
•
•
The heated outside rearview mirrors also heat to
help clear fog or frost from the surface of the
mirror when the rear window defogger is on.
•
Notice: Do not use a razor blade or sharp
object to clear the inside rear window. Do not
adhere anything to the defogger grid lines
in the rear glass. These actions may damage
the rear defogger. Repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
•
194
air inlets at the base of the windshield that
could block the flow of air into the vehicle.
Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the
system.
Keep the path under the front seats clear of
objects to help circulate the air inside of the
vehicle more effectively.
If the airflow seems low when the fan speed is
at the highest setting, the passenger
compartment air filter might need to be
replaced. For more information, see
Passenger Compartment Air Filter on
page 195.
Set the climate control system to AUTO fan
and mode and then adjust the temperature
setting up or down a few degrees for
best comfort.
Rear Air Conditioning System
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
If your vehicle has the rear air conditioning system
it has two fan speed selectors. One fan speed
selector is located in the front overhead console
and the other is located in the headliner above the
second row seats. The rear air conditioning
system is designed to provide cooled air only.
The passenger compartment air filter helps remove
dust and pollen from the air entering the vehicle.
Like the vehicle’s engine air cleaner/filter, it
needs to be changed periodically. For how often
to change the passenger compartment air
filter, see Scheduled Maintenance on page 471.
The passenger compartment air filter is located
underneath the hood below the windshield
wiper arm on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 356
for more information on location.
Front Control
Rear Control
To operate the rear system using the front control,
just turn the knob to the fan position you want.
To use the rear control, first turn the front control
to AUX, then the rear control can be used to
increase and decrease the airflow.
195
Use the procedure listed below to replace the
passenger compartment air filter:
1. Open the hood to access the engine
compartment. See Hood Release on page 355
for more information. Locate the passenger
compartment air filter access panel door.
3. While pressing forward, lift the access panel
out of the clipped position and pull towards
the front of the vehicle. This releases the clips
and allows the panel door to be removed.
4. Remove the old filter and insert a new one.
Make sure the arrow on the filter is pointing
toward the passenger compartment.
See Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
on page 482 for the correct part number
for the filter.
5. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the
cover.
2. Push the two tabs on the access panel door
towards the windshield.
196
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages
that may be on your vehicle. The pictures will
help you locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something
is wrong before it becomes serious enough to
cause an expensive repair or replacement. Paying
attention to the warning lights and gages could also
save you or others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As
you will see in the details on the next few
pages, some warning lights come on briefly when
you start the engine just to let you know they
are working. If you are familiar with this section,
you should not be alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often
gages and warning lights work together to let
you know when there is a problem with your
vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and
stays on while you are driving, or when one of the
gages shows there may be a problem, check
the section that tells you what to do about
it. Waiting to do repairs can be costly – and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning
lights and gages. They are a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center
(DIC) that works along with the warning lights
and gages. See Driver Information Center (DIC)
on page 214 for more information.
197
Instrument Panel Cluster
The instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You will
know how fast you are going, how much fuel you are using and many of the other things you will need
to know to drive safely and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
198
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed
in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers
per hour (km/h). See “SPEEDOMETER” under
DIC Controls and Displays on page 215 for more
information.
This gage indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute (rpm).
The odometer mileage can be checked without the
vehicle running. Your vehicle’s odometer works
together with the driver information center.
You can set a Trip A and a Trip B odometer. See
“Trip Fuel” under DIC Controls and Displays on
page 215 for more information.
If your vehicle ever needs a new odometer
installed, the new one will be set to the correct
mileage total of the old odometer.
Engine Speed Limiter
This feature prevents the engine from operating at
too many revolutions per minute (rpm). When
the engine’s rpms are too high, the throttle
is closed to reduce speed. If this is not sufficient,
then the fuel supply to the engine will be
limited. When the rpms return to normal, the fuel
supply will return to normal. This helps prevent
damage to the engine.
199
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to ON or START, a chime
will come on for several seconds to remind
people to fasten their safety belts, unless the
driver’s safety belt is already buckled.
The safety belt light
will also come on
and stay on for
several seconds,
then it will flash for
several more.
This chime and light will be repeated if the driver
remains unbuckled and the vehicle is in motion.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither
the chime nor the light will come on.
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder
Light
Several seconds after the key is turned to ON or
START, a chime will sound for several seconds to
remind the front passenger to buckle their safety
belt. This would only occur if the passenger airbag
is enabled. See Passenger Sensing System on
page 81 for more information. The passenger
safety belt light will also come on and stay on for
several seconds, then it will flash for several more.
This chime and light will
be repeated if the
passenger remains
unbuckled and
the vehicle is in motion.
If the passenger’s safety belt is buckled, neither
the chime nor the light will come on.
200
Airbag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster, which shows the airbag
symbol. The system checks the airbag’s
electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells
you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the airbag sensors, the
airbag modules, the wiring and the diagnostic
module. For more information on the airbag
system, see Airbag System on page 70.
This light will come on
when the ignition key is
turned to ON and it
will flash for a
few seconds.
Then the light should go out. This means the
system is ready. If it does not go out, have your
vehicle serviced right away.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after
you start your vehicle, it means the airbag
system may not be working properly. The
airbags in your vehicle may not inflate in
a crash, or they could even inflate without
a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself
or others, have your vehicle serviced right
away if the airbag readiness light stays on
after you start your vehicle.
If there is a problem with the airbag system in
your vehicle, the SERVICE AIR BAG message
will appear on the Driver Information Center (DIC)
display. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 220 for more information.
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
start the vehicle or comes on while you are driving,
your airbag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
201
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
Your vehicle has the passenger sensing system.
Your instrument panel has a passenger airbag
status indicator.
If the word ON or the on symbol is lit on the
passenger airbag status indicator, it means that
the right front passenger’s frontal airbag is enabled
(may inflate).
{CAUTION:
United States
Canada
When the ignition key is turned to ON or START,
the passenger airbag status indicator will light
ON and OFF, or the symbol for on and off,
for several seconds as a system check. If you use
remote start to start your vehicle, if you have
this feature, you may not see the system check.
Then, after several more seconds, the status
indicator will light either ON or OFF, or either the
on or off symbol to let you know the status of
the right front passenger’s frontal airbag.
202
If the on indicator comes on when you have
a rear-facing child restraint installed in the
right front passenger’s seat, it means that
the passenger sensing system has not
turned off the passenger’s frontal airbag. A
child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. Do not use a rear-facing
child restraint in the right front passenger’s
seat if the airbag is turned on.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
If the word OFF or the off symbol is lit on the
airbag status indicator, it means that the
passenger sensing system has turned off the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 81 for more on this,
including important safety information.
If, after several seconds, all status indicator lights
remain on, or if there are no lights at all, there
may be a problem with the lights or the passenger
sensing system. See your dealer for service.
{CAUTION:
If the off indicator and the airbag
readiness light ever come on together, it
means that something may be wrong with
the airbag system. If this ever happens,
have the vehicle serviced promptly,
because an adult-size person sitting in the
right front passenger seat may not have
the protection of the frontal airbag. See
Airbag Readiness Light on page 201.
203
Charging System Light
This light will come on
briefly when the ignition
is turned to ON to
show that it is working.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided
into two parts. If one part is not working, the other
part can still work and stop you. For good
braking, though, you need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected
right away.
It should turn off once the engine is running. If it
stays on, or comes on while you are driving,
you may have a problem with the charging system.
It could indicate that there is a problem with the
generator, generator drive belt or another electrical
problem. Have is checked right away. Driving
while this light is on could drain your battery. If you
must drive a short distance with the light on, be
certain to turn off all unnecessary accessories,
such as the radio and air conditioner.
204
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn
the ignition key to ON. If it does not come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if
there is a problem.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning
light will also come on when you set your parking
brake. The light will stay on if your parking brake
does not release fully. If it stays on after your
parking brake is fully released, it means you have a
brake problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off
the road and stop carefully. You may notice
that the pedal is harder to push, or the pedal may
go closer to the floor. It may take longer to
stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle towed
for service. See Towing Your Vehicle on
page 328.
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving with the brake system
warning light on can lead to an accident.
If the light is still on after you have pulled
off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
With the Anti-Lock
Brake System (ABS),
the light will come on
when your engine is
started and stay on for
several seconds. This is
normal.
If the ABS warning light comes on and stays on,
there may be a problem with the anti-lock
portion of the brake system. If the brake system
warning light is not on, you still have brakes,
but you do not have anti-lock brakes. See Brake
System Warning Light on page 204 for more
information.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. If the
light comes on when you are driving, stop as
soon as possible and turn the ignition off. Then
start the engine again to reset the system. If
the light still stays on, or comes on again while
you are driving, your vehicle needs service.
205
If the regular brake system warning light is not on,
you still have brakes, but you do not have
anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you do not have anti-lock
brakes and there is a problem with your regular
brakes. See Brake System Warning Light on
page 204 for more information.
The ABS warning light should come on briefly
when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the light
does not come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
If the traction control system warning light comes
on and stays on for an extended period of
time when the system is turned on, your vehicle
needs service. See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 281 for more information.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
This light tells you that
your engine is very hot.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
Your vehicle has a
traction control system
warning light.
This light will come on when your traction control
system is limiting wheel spin. You may feel or
hear the system working, but this is normal.
206
This light will come on when you first start the
vehicle as a check to let you know that the light is
working. It will go out after a few seconds. If the
light does not come on, the bulb may be burned out.
See your dealer to have it corrected.
If the light does not go out or if the light comes on
and stays on while you are driving, your vehicle
may have a problem with the cooling system.
You should stop the vehicle and turn off the
engine as soon as possible to avoid damage to
the engine. A warning chime will sound when this
light is on, also.
See Engine Overheating on page 372.
Tire Pressure Light
If your vehicle has this
light, it will come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition on.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the
engine coolant
temperature.
This light will also come on when one or more of
your tires are significantly underinflated.
It can be used to see when your engine has
warmed up and to make sure your cooling system
is operating properly. If the gage pointer moves into
the shaded area, the engine coolant is too hot and
the engine coolant temperature warning light will
come on. See Engine Overheating on page 372 for
more information.
A CHECK TIRE PRESSURE DIC message will
accompany the light, see DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 220
Stop and check your tires as soon as it is safe to
do so. If underinflated, inflate to the proper
pressure. See Tires on page 398 for more
information.
207
This light will flash for approximately 60 seconds
and then turn on solid if a problem is detected with
the Tire Pressure Monitor system.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 410
for more information.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle has a
computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition, and
emission control
systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable
levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce
a cleaner environment.
208
The check engine light comes on to indicate that
there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may
prevent more serious damage to your vehicle.
This system is also designed to assist your service
technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle
with this light on, after awhile, the emission
controls might not work as well, your vehicle’s
fuel economy might not be as good, and the
engine might not run as smoothly. This
could lead to costly repairs that might not be
covered by your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transmission, exhaust, intake, or fuel system
of your vehicle or the replacement of the
original tires with other than those of the same
Tire Performance Criteria (TPC) can affect
your vehicle’s emission controls and can cause
this light to come on. Modifications to these
systems could lead to costly repairs not
covered by your warranty. This could also
result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 347.
This light should come on, as a check to show
you it is working, when the ignition is on and the
engine is not running. If the light does not
come on, have it repaired. This light will also
come on during a malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has
been detected. A misfire increases vehicle
emissions and may damage the emission
control system on your vehicle. Diagnosis and
service may be required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control
system malfunction has been detected on your
vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
If the Light is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle:
• Reducing vehicle speed
• Avoiding hard accelerations
• Avoiding steep uphill grades
• If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount
of cargo being hauled as soon as it is
possible
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do
so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park
your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least
10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light
remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On Steady”
following. If the light is still flashing, follow the
previous steps, and see your dealer for service as
soon as possible.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully
install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 352.
The diagnostic system can determine if the
fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed.
A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to
evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving trips
with the cap properly installed should turn the
light off.
209
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The
condition will usually be corrected when the
electrical system dries out. A few driving trips
should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 349. Poor fuel
quality will cause your engine not to run as
efficiently as designed. You may notice this as
stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is
warmed up.) This will be detected by the system
and cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at
least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the
light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light
turn off, your dealer can check the vehicle.
Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
210
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
check engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if
the OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines
that critical emission control systems have not
been completely diagnosed by the system.
The vehicle would be considered not ready for
inspection. This can happen if you have recently
replaced your battery or if your battery has
run down. The diagnostic system is designed to
evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and
your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for
lack of OBD system readiness, your dealer
can prepare the vehicle for inspection.
Oil Pressure Light
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is
low. If you do, your engine can become so
hot that it catches fire. You or others
could be burned. Check your oil as soon
as possible and have your vehicle
serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
If equipped, this light
tells you if there could be
a problem with your
engine oil pressure.
The light goes on when you turn your key to ON or
START. It goes off once you start your engine.
That’s a check to be sure the light works. If it
doesn’t come on, be sure to have it fixed so it will be
there to warn you if something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means
that oil isn’t flowing through your engine properly.
You could be low on oil and you might have
some other system problem.
211
Security Light
Lights On Reminder
For information
regarding this light, see
Theft-Deterrent
System on page 112.
See Headlamps on Reminder on page 179 for
more information.
Fog Lamp Light
The fog lamps light will
come on when the fog
lamps are in use.
The light will go out when the fog lamps are
turned off. See Fog Lamps on page 181 for more
information.
212
This light comes on
whenever the parking
lamps are on.
Cruise Control Light
This light comes on
whenever you set the
cruise control.
The light goes out when the cruise control is
turned off. See Cruise Control on page 174 for
more information.
Highbeam On Light
This light comes on
whenever the
high-beam headlamps
are on.
Fuel Gage
The fuel gage shows
approximately how
much fuel is in the fuel
tank. It works only
when the engine is on.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on
page 169 for more information.
Tow/Haul Mode Light
This light comes on
when the Tow/Haul
mode has been
activated.
If the fuel supply gets low, the “FUEL LEVEL
LOW” message will appear on the Driver
Information Center (DIC) and a single chime will
sound. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 220 for more information.
For more information, see Tow/Haul Mode on
page 126.
213
All of the following situations are normal and do
not indicate that anything is wrong with the
fuel gage:
• At the gas station the gas pump shuts off
before the gage reads full.
• The gage may change when you turn, stop
quickly or accelerate quickly.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill the tank
than the gage indicated. For example, the gage
may have indicated that the tank was half full,
but it actually took a little more or less than half
the tank’s capacity to fill the tank.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
The Driver Information Center (DIC) gives you the
status of many of your vehicle’s systems. The DIC
is also used to display warning/status messages.
All messages will appear in the DIC display located
at the bottom of the instrument panel cluster, below
the tachometer and speedometer. The DIC buttons
are located on the instrument panel, to the left of
the steering wheel.
The DIC comes on when the ignition is on. After a
short delay, the DIC will display the information
that was last displayed before the engine was
turned off.
The top line of the DIC display shows the vehicle
system information and the warning/status
messages. The bottom line of the DIC display
shows the odometer on the left side, the outside
air temperature on the right side, and the shift
position indicator in the center. For more
information on the shift position indicator, see
Automatic Transmission Operation on page 122.
214
When the sport mode is active, an S will appear
next to the shift position indicator on the center of
the DIC display. When the manual mode is
active, an M will appear on the DIC display. When
the normal mode is active, only the shift position
indicator will appear. While the Driver Shift Control
(DSC) feature is active, the DIC will change to
show the selected gear. See ″Driver Shift Control
(DSC)″ under Automatic Transmission Operation
on page 122 for more information.
If a problem is detected, a warning message will
appear on the display. Be sure to take any
message that appears on the display seriously
and remember that clearing the message will only
make the message disappear, not correct the
problem.
DIC Controls and Displays
The Driver Information
Center (DIC) has
different displays which
can be accessed by
pressing the DIC
buttons located on the
instrument panel, to
the left of the steering
wheel.
3 Trip/Fuel: Press this button to scroll through
the trip and fuel displays. See “Trip/Fuel Display
Menu Items” following for more information
on these displays.
T Vehicle Information: Press this button to
scroll through the vehicle information displays. See
“Vehicle Information Display Menu Items”
following for more information on these displays.
215
U Customization: Press this button to scroll
FUEL RANGE
through each of the customization features. See
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 231 for
more information on the customization features.
This display shows the approximate number of
remaining miles (mi) or kilometers (km) you
can drive without refilling your fuel tank. This
estimate is based on the current driving conditions
and will change if the driving conditions change.
For example, if you are driving in traffic and
making frequent stops, the display may read one
number, but if you enter the freeway, the
number may change even though you still have
the same amount of fuel in the fuel tank. This
is because different driving conditions produce
different fuel economies. Generally, freeway
driving produces better fuel economy than city
driving.
V Set/Reset: Press this button to reset
certain DIC features and to acknowledge DIC
warning messages and clear them from the DIC
display.
yz Menu Up/Down: Press this button to scroll
up and down the menu items.
Trip/Fuel Display Menu Items
3 (Trip/Fuel): The following display menu
items can be displayed by pressing the trip/fuel
button:
TRIP A or TRIP B
These displays show the current distance traveled
since the last reset for each trip odometer in
either miles (mi) or kilometers (km). Both
odometers can be used at the same time. Each
trip odometer can be reset to zero separately
by pressing and holding the set/reset button for a
few seconds while the desired trip odometer is
displayed.
216
Once the range drops below about 30 miles
(48 km) remaining, the display will show FUEL
RANGE LOW.
If your vehicle is low on fuel, the FUEL LEVEL
LOW message will be displayed. See “FUEL
LEVEL LOW” under DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 220 for more information.
AVERAGE ECONOMY (AFE)
TIMER ON/OFF
This display shows the approximate average
miles per gallon (mpg) or liters per
100 kilometers (L/100 km). This number is
calculated based on the number of mpg (L/100 km)
recorded since the last time this display was
reset. To reset this display, press the set/reset
button. The display will return to zero.
This display can be used like a stopwatch. You
can record the time it takes to travel from one point
to another. To access the timer, press the
trip/fuel button until 00:00:00 TIMER OFF displays.
INST (Instantaneous) ECONOMY (IFE)
This display shows the current fuel economy in
either miles per gallon (mpg) or liters per
100 kilometers (L/100 km). This number reflects
only the fuel economy that the vehicle has
right now and will change frequently as driving
conditions change. Unlike average economy, this
display cannot be reset.
FUEL USED
This display shows the number of gallons (gal) or
liters (L) of fuel used since the last reset of this
display. To reset this display, press the set/reset
button. The display will return to zero.
To turn on the timer, press the set/reset button
until TIMER ON displays. The timer will then start.
To turn off the timer, press the set/reset button
again until TIMER OFF displays. The timer
will stop and display the end timing value.
To reset the timer, press and hold the set/reset
button after the timer has been stopped. The
display will return to zero.
AVERAGE SPEED
This display shows the average speed of the
vehicle in either miles per hour (mph) or kilometers
per hour (km/h). This average is calculated
based on the various vehicle speeds recorded
since the last reset of this display. To reset
this display, press the set/reset button. The display
will return to zero.
217
BATTERY VOLTAGE
OIL LIFE REMAINING
This display shows the current battery voltage.
Your vehicle’s charging system regulates voltage
based on the state of the battery. The battery
voltage may fluctuate when viewing this
information on the DIC. This is normal.
If the vehicle has this display, it shows the
estimated oil life remaining. If you see 99% OIL
LIFE REMAINING on the display, that means that
99% of the current oil life remains.
If there is a problem with the battery charging
system, the charging system light will illuminate
and/or the DIC will display a message. See
Charging System Light on page 204, DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 220 and Electric
Power Management on page 183 for more
information.
Blank Display
This display shows no information.
Vehicle Information Display Menu Items
T (Vehicle Information): The following display
menu items can be displayed by pressing the
vehicle information button:
218
When the oil life is depleted, the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL SOON message will appear on the
display. You should change your oil as soon
as possible. In addition to the engine oil life system
monitoring the oil life, additional maintenance is
recommended in the Maintenance Schedule in this
manual. See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 471 and Engine Oil on page 360.
Remember, you must reset the OIL LIFE yourself
after each oil change. It will not reset itself.
Also, be careful not to reset the OIL LIFE
accidentally at any time other than when the oil
has just been changed. It cannot be reset
accurately until the next oil change. To reset the
engine oil life system, See Engine Oil Life System
on page 363. The display will show 100% when
the system is reset.
UNITS
FRONT TIRES or REAR TIRES
This display allows you to select between English
or Metric units of measurement. Once in this
display, press the set/reset button to select
between ENGLISH or METRIC units.
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, the pressure for each tire can be
viewed in the DIC. The tire pressure will be shown
in either pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascals (kPa). Press the vehicle information
button until the DIC shows the tire pressure for the
front tires. Press the vehicle information button
again to view the pressure for the rear tires.
PARKING ASSIST
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) system, this display allows
the system to be turned on or off. Once in this
display, press the set/reset button to select
between ON or OFF. If you choose ON, the
system will be turned on. If you choose OFF, the
system will be turned off. The URPA system
automatically turns back on after each vehicle
start. When the URPA system is turned off and the
vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P), the DIC will
display the PARKING ASSIST OFF message as a
reminder that the system has been turned off.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 220
and Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
on page 184 for more information.
If a low or high tire pressure condition is detected
by the system while driving, a message advising
you to check the pressure in a specific tire
will appear in the display. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 407 and DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 220 for more information.
RELEARN TIRE POSITIONS
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, after rotating the tires or after replacing
a tire or sensor, the system must re-learn the tire
positions. To re-learn the tire positions, see
Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 410. See
Tire Inspection and Rotation on page 414 and DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 220 for more
information.
219
RELEARN REMOTE KEY
SPEEDOMETER
This display allows you to match the remote
keyless entry transmitter to your vehicle. To match
a remote keyless entry transmitter to your
vehicle, do the following:
This display shows a digital speedometer in the
DIC. The speed will be displayed in either
miles per hour (mph) or kilometers per hour (km/h).
Press the vehicle information button until the
DIC shows the digital speedometer. To change
the units from English to metric, see “UNITS”
earlier in this section.
1. Press the vehicle information button until
PRESS V TO RELEARN REMOTE KEY
displays.
2. Press the set/reset button.
The message REMOTE KEY LEARNING
ACTIVE will display.
3. Press and hold the lock and unlock buttons
on the first transmitter at the same time for
about 15 seconds.
A chime will sound indicating that the
transmitter is matched.
4. To match additional transmitters at this time,
repeat Step 3.
Each vehicle can have a maximum of
eight transmitters matched to it.
5. To exit the programming mode, you must
cycle the key to OFF.
220
Blank Display
This display shows no information.
DIC Warnings and Messages
These messages appear if there is a problem
detected in one of your vehicle’s systems.
You must acknowledge a message to clear it from
the screen for further use. To clear a message,
press the set/reset button.
Be sure to take any message that appears on the
screen seriously and remember that clearing
the message only makes the message disappear,
not the problem.
AUTOMATIC LIGHT CONTROL OFF
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
This message displays when the automatic
headlamps are turned off.
When this message displays, it means that service
is required for your vehicle. See your dealer.
See Engine Oil on page 360 and Scheduled
Maintenance on page 471 for more information.
AUTOMATIC LIGHT CONTROL ON
This message displays when the automatic
headlamps are turned on.
BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE
This message displays when the system detects
that the battery voltage is dropping below expected
levels. The battery saver system starts reducing
certain features of the vehicle that you may be able
to notice. At the point that the features are disabled,
this message is displayed. It means that the vehicle
is trying to save the charge in the battery.
Turn off all unnecessary accessories to allow the
battery to recharge.
The normal battery voltage range is
11.5 to 15.5 volts. You can monitor battery voltage
on the Driver Information Center (DIC) by
pressing the trip/fuel button until BATTERY
VOLTAGE is displayed.
When you reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
message by clearing it from the display, you still
must reset the engine oil life system separately.
For more information on resetting the engine oil life
system, see Engine Oil Life System on page 363.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, this message displays when the tire
pressure in one of the tires needs to be checked.
This message also displays LEFT FRONT,
RIGHT FRONT, LEFT REAR, or RIGHT REAR to
indicate which tire needs to be checked. You
can receive more than one tire pressure message
at a time. To read the other messages that
may have been sent at the same time, press the
set/reset button. If a tire pressure message
appears on the DIC, stop as soon as you can.
Have the tire pressures checked and set to those
shown on the Tire Loading Information label.
221
See Tires on page 398, Loading Your Vehicle on
page 322, and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 407. The DIC display also shows the tire
pressure values for the front and rear tires
by pressing the vehicle information button. See
DIC Controls and Displays on page 215. If the tire
pressure is low, the low tire pressure warning
light comes on. See Tire Pressure Light on
page 207.
CRUISE SET TO XXX MPH (km/h)
This message displays whenever the cruise control
is set. See Cruise Control on page 174 for more
information.
DRIVER DOOR OPEN
This message displays when the driver’s door is
not closed completely. Make sure that the
driver’s door is closed completely.
222
ENGINE HOT – A/C
(Air Conditioning) OFF
This message displays when the engine coolant
becomes hotter than the normal operating
temperature. See Engine Coolant Temperature
Gage on page 207. To avoid added strain on a hot
engine, the air conditioning compressor
automatically turns off. When the coolant
temperature returns to normal, the air conditioning
compressor turns back on. You can continue to
drive your vehicle.
If this message continues to appear, have the
system repaired by your dealer as soon as
possible to avoid damage to the engine.
ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine is overheating, severe engine damage
may occur. If an overheat warning appears on
the instrument panel cluster and/or DIC, stop
the vehicle as soon as possible. Do not increase
the engine speed above normal idling speed.
See Engine Overheating on page 372 for more
information.
This message displays when the engine coolant
temperature is too hot. Stop and allow the vehicle
to idle until it cools down. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Warning Light on page 206.
FUEL LEVEL LOW
This symbol appears
with this message.
See Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode on page 374 for information on driving to a
safe place in an emergency.
ENGINE POWER REDUCED
This message displays when the engine power is
being reduced to protect the engine from damage.
There could be several malfunctions that might
cause this message. Reduced engine power can
affect the vehicle’s ability to accelerate. If this
message is on, but there is no reduction in
performance, proceed to your destination. The
performance may be reduced the next time the
vehicle is driven. The vehicle may be driven at a
reduced speed while this message is on, but
acceleration and speed may be reduced. Anytime
this message stays on, the vehicle should be taken
to your dealer for service as soon as possible.
This message displays when your vehicle is low
on fuel. Refill the fuel tank as soon as possible. A
single chime sounds when this message is
displayed. See Filling the Tank on page 352.
ICE POSSIBLE DRIVE WITH CARE
This message displays when the outside
temperature is cold enough to create icy road
conditions. Adjust your driving accordingly.
LEFT REAR DOOR OPEN
This message displays when the driver’s side rear
door is not closed completely. Make sure that
the door is closed completely.
223
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE
PARKING ASSIST OFF
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while
the engine oil pressure is low, severe engine
damage may occur. If a low oil pressure
warning appears on the instrument panel
cluster and/or DIC, stop the vehicle as soon as
possible. Do not drive the vehicle until the
cause of the low oil pressure is corrected. See
Engine Oil on page 360 for more information.
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) system, after the vehicle has been
started, this message displays to reminder the
driver that the URPA system has been turned off.
Press the set/reset button to acknowledge this
message and clear it from the DIC display. To turn
the URPA system back on, see ″PARKING
ASSIST″ under DIC Controls and Displays on
page 215. See Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist
(URPA) on page 184 for more information.
This message displays when the vehicle’s
engine oil pressure is low. The oil pressure light
may also appear on the instrument panel
cluster. See Oil Pressure Light on page 211.
A multiple chime sounds when this message is
displayed. See Engine Oil on page 360 for
more information.
Stop the vehicle immediately, as engine damage
can result from driving a vehicle with low oil
pressure. Have the vehicle serviced by your dealer
as soon as possible when this message is
displayed.
224
PASSENGER DOOR OPEN
This message displays when the passenger’s side
front door is not closed completely. Make sure
that the door is closed completely.
REAR ACCESS OPEN
This message displays when the liftgate is not
closed completely. Make sure that the liftgate is
closed completely.
REMOTE KEY LEARNING ACTIVE
SERVICE A/C SYSTEM
This message displays while you are matching a
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter to
your vehicle. See “Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle” under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 96 and DIC Controls
and Displays on page 215 for more information.
This message displays when the air delivery mode
door or the electronic sensors that control the
air conditioning and heating systems are no longer
working. Have the climate control system
serviced by your dealer if you notice a drop in
heating and air conditioning efficiency.
REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
SERVICE BATTERY CHARGING
SYSTEM
This message displays when the battery in
your Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
needs to be replaced. To replace the battery, see
“Battery Replacement” under Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System Operation on page 96.
RIGHT REAR DOOR OPEN
This message displays when the passenger’s side
rear door is not closed completely. Make sure
that the door is closed completely.
SERVICE AIR BAG
This message displays when there is a problem
with the generator and battery charging systems.
Driving with this problem could drain the battery.
Turn off all unnecessary accessories. Stop
and turn off the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do
so. Have the electrical system checked by your
dealer. Under certain conditions, the charging
system light may also turn on in the instrument
panel cluster. See Charging System Light on
page 204 for more information.
This message displays when there is a problem
with the airbag system. Have your vehicle serviced
by your dealer immediately. See Airbag Readiness
Light on page 201 for more information.
225
SERVICE BRAKE ASSIST
SERVICE PARKING ASSIST
This message displays if there is a problem with
the brake system. The brake system warning
light and the anti-lock brake system warning light
may also display on the instrument panel
cluster. See Brake System Warning Light on
page 204 and Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light on page 205 for more information. If this
happens, stop as soon as possible and turn off the
vehicle. Restart the vehicle and check for the
message on the DIC display. If the message
displays or appears again when you begin driving,
the brake system needs service. See your
dealer as soon as possible. See Brakes on
page 381 for more information.
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) system, this message displays
if there is a problem with the URPA system. Do
not use this system to help you park. See
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) on
page 184 for more information. See your dealer
for service.
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
This message displays, while the ignition is on,
when the brake fluid level is low. The brake system
warning light on the instrument panel cluster
also comes on. See Brake System Warning Light
on page 204 for more information. Have the
brake system serviced by your dealer as soon as
possible.
226
SERVICE POWER STEERING
Your vehicle may have a speed variable assist
steering system. See Steering on page 285.
This message displays if a problem is detected
with the speed variable assist steering system.
When this message is displayed, you may notice
that the effort required to steer the vehicle
decreases or feels lighter, but you will still be able
to steer the vehicle.
SERVICE STABILITRAK
SERVICE THEFT DETERRENT SYSTEM
This message displays if there has been a
problem detected with the StabiliTrak® system.
This message displays when there is a problem
with the theft-deterrent system programmed in the
key. A fault has been detected in the system
which means that the system is disabled and it is
not protecting the vehicle. The vehicle usually
restarts; however, you may want to take the
vehicle to your dealer before turning off the engine.
See PASS-Key® III+ Operation on page 114 for
more information.
If this message comes on while you are driving,
pull off the road as soon as possible and stop
carefully. Try resetting the system by turning the
ignition off then back on. If this message still stays
on or comes back on again while you are
driving, your vehicle needs service. Have the
StabiliTrak® system inspected by your dealer as
soon as possible. See StabiliTrak® System
on page 283 for more information.
SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS (System)
This message displays when the magnetic
ride control or automatic leveling control system is
not operating properly. Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer.
SERVICE TIRE MONITOR SYSTEM
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, this message displays if a part on the
system is not working properly. If you drive your
vehicle while any of the four sensors are
missing or inoperable, the warning comes on in
about 10 minutes. A sensor would be missing, for
example, if you put different wheels on your
vehicle without transferring the sensors. If the
warning comes on and stays on, there may be a
problem with the TPM. See your dealer.
227
SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
STABILITRAK NOT READY
This message displays when there is a problem
with the Traction Control System (TCS). When this
message displays, the system will not limit
wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly. See
your dealer for service. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 281 for more information.
This message may display and the Traction
Control System and StabiliTrak® Warning Light on
the instrument panel cluster may be on after
first driving the vehicle and exceeding 19 mph
(30 km/h) for 30 seconds. The StabiliTrak® system
is not functional until the light has turned off.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 283 for more
information.
SERVICE TRANSMISSION
This message displays when there is a problem
with the vehicle’s transmission. Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer.
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON
This message displays when a non-emissions
related malfunction occurs. Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer as soon as possible.
SPEED LIMITED TO XXX MPH (km/h)
This message displays when your vehicle speed is
limited to 80 mph (128 km/h) because the
vehicle detects a problem in the speed variable
assist steering, magnetic ride control, or automatic
leveling control systems. Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer.
228
STABILITRAK OFF
This message displays when you turn off
StabiliTrak®, or when the stability control has been
automatically disabled. To limit wheel spin and
realize the full benefits of the stability
enhancement system, you should normally leave
StabiliTrak® on. However, you should turn
StabiliTrak® off if your vehicle gets stuck in sand,
mud, ice, or snow and you want to rock your
vehicle to attempt to free it, or if you are driving in
extreme off-road conditions and require more
wheel spin. See If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 321. To turn the
StabiliTrak® system on or off, see StabiliTrak®
System on page 283.
There are several conditions that can cause this
message to appear.
• One condition is overheating, which could
occur if StabiliTrak® activates continuously
for an extended period of time.
• The message also displays if the brake
system warning light is on. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 204.
• The message could display if the stability
system takes longer than usual to complete its
diagnostic checks due to driving conditions.
• The message displays if an engine or vehicle
related problem has been detected and the
vehicle needs service. See your dealer.
The message turns off as soon as the conditions
that caused the message to be displayed are
no longer present.
STARTING DISABLED SERVICE
THROTTLE
This message displays when your vehicle’s throttle
system is not functioning properly. Have your
vehicle serviced by your dealer.
THEFT ATTEMPTED
This symbol appears
with this message.
This message displays if the theft-deterrent
system has detected a break-in attempt while you
were away from your vehicle. See Theft-Deterrent
System on page 112 for more information.
229
TIGHTEN GAS CAP
TRACTION CONTROL ON
This message displays when the fuel cap has not
been fully tightened. Recheck the fuel cap to
ensure that it is on and tightened properly.
This message displays when the Traction Control
System (TCS) is turned on. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 281 for more
information.
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, this message displays when the system
is re-learning the tire positions on your vehicle.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 410.
The tire positions must be re-learned after rotating
the tires or after replacing a tire or sensor. See
Tire Inspection and Rotation on page 414
and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 407 for more
information.
TRACTION CONTROL OFF
This message displays when the Traction Control
System (TCS) is turned off. Adjust your driving
accordingly. See Traction Control System
(TCS) on page 281 for more information.
230
TRANSMISSION HOT IDLE ENGINE
This message displays when the transmission fluid
in your vehicle is too hot. Stop the vehicle and
allow it to idle until the transmission cools down or
until this message is removed.
TURN SIGNAL ON
This message displays as a reminder to turn off
the turn signal if you drive your vehicle for
more than about 1 mile (1.6 km) with a turn signal
on. A multiple chime sounds when this message
is displayed.
WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID
This symbol appears
with this message.
The customization features were set to the default
settings when your vehicle left the factory, but
they may have been changed from their default
state since that time.
The customization preferences are automatically
recalled.
To change customization preferences, use the
following procedure.
This message displays when your vehicle is low
on windshield washer fluid. Refill the windshield
washer fluid reservoir as soon as possible.
See Windshield Washer Fluid on page 380 for
more information.
DIC Vehicle Customization
Your vehicle has customization capabilities that
allow you to program certain features to one
preferred setting. Customization features can only
be programmed to one setting on the vehicle
and cannot be programmed to a preferred setting
for two different drivers.
Entering the Feature Settings Menu
1. Turn the ignition on and place the vehicle in
PARK (P).
To avoid excessive drain on the battery, it is
recommended that the headlamps are
turned off.
2. Press the customization button to enter the
feature settings menu.
If the menu is not available, FEATURE
SETTINGS AVAILABLE IN PARK will display.
Before entering the menu, make sure the
vehicle is in PARK (P).
All of the customization options may not be
available on your vehicle. Only the options
available will be displayed on your DIC.
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Feature Settings Menu Items
The following are customization features that allow
you to program settings to the vehicle:
DISPLAY IN ENGLISH
This feature will only display if a language other
than English has been set. This feature allows you
to change the language in which the DIC messages
appear back to English.
Press the customization button until the DISPLAY
IN ENGLISH screen appears on the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button to select
English as the language in which all DIC
messages will appear.
DISPLAY LANGUAGE
This feature allows you to select the language in
which the DIC messages will appear.
Press the customization button until the DISPLAY
LANGUAGE screen appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the menu up/down
button to scroll through the following settings:
ENGLISH (default): All messages will appear in
English.
232
DEUTSCH (German): All messages will appear in
German.
FRANCAIS (French): All messages will appear in
French.
ESPANOL (Spanish): All messages will appear
in Spanish.
JAPANESE: All messages will appear in
Japanese.
ARABIC: All messages will appear in Arabic.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to
this feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
AUTO DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select when the
vehicle’s doors will automatically lock. See
Programmable Automatic Door Locks on page 102
for more information.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the menu up/down button
to scroll through the following settings:
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the menu up/down button
to scroll through the following settings:
SHIFT OUT OF PARK (default): The vehicle’s
doors automatically lock when the doors are
closed and the vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P).
OFF: None of the doors will automatically unlock.
AT VEHICLE SPEED: The vehicle’s doors
automatically lock when the vehicle speed is above
5 mph (8 km/h) for three seconds.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
AUTO DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select whether or not
the door(s) will automatically unlock. It also allows
you to select which doors and when they will
automatically unlock. See Programmable
Automatic Door Locks on page 102 for more
information.
DRIVER AT KEY OUT: Only the driver’s door
will unlock when the key is taken out of the
ignition.
DRIVER IN PARK: Only the driver’s door will
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
ALL AT KEY OUT: All of the doors will unlock
when the key is taken out of the ignition.
ALL IN PARK (default): All of the doors will
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
233
REMOTE DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when locking the vehicle
with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
You will not receive feedback when locking
the vehicle with the RKE transmitter if the doors
are open. See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 96 for more
information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the menu up/down button
to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: There will be no feedback when you press
the lock button on the RKE transmitter.
LIGHTS ONLY: The exterior lamps will flash
when you press the lock button on the RKE
transmitter.
HORN ONLY: The horn will sound on the second
press of the lock button on the RKE transmitter.
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HORN & LIGHTS (default): The exterior lamps
will flash when you press the lock button on the
RKE transmitter, and the horn will sound when the
lock button is pressed again within five seconds of
the previous command.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
REMOTE DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when unlocking the
vehicle with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter. You will not receive feedback when
unlocking the vehicle with the RKE transmitter
if the doors are open. See Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System Operation on page 96 for more
information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR UNLOCK appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the menu up/down
button to scroll through the following settings:
LIGHTS OFF: The exterior lamps will not flash
when you press the unlock button on the RKE
transmitter.
LIGHTS ON (default): The exterior lamps will
flash when you press the unlock button on
the RKE transmitter.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
DELAY DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select whether or not the
locking of the vehicle’s doors will be delayed. The
locking of the vehicle’s doors is delayed for up to
five seconds after a power door lock switch is
pressed when a door is open, or after the lock
button on the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter is pressed while a door is open. The key
must be out of the ignition for this feature to work.
Press the customization button until DELAY DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the menu up/down button
to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: There will be no delayed locking of the
vehicle’s doors.
ON (default): The locking of the vehicle’s doors
will be delayed by five seconds after a power door
lock switch is pressed when a door is open, or
the lock button on the RKE transmitter is pressed
while a door is open.
235
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
EXIT LIGHTING
APPROACH LIGHTING
If it is dark enough outside, this feature allows you
to select the amount of time you want the
exterior lamps to remain on. This happens after
the key is turned from ON to OFF.
This feature allows you to select whether or not to
have the exterior lights turn on briefly during
low light periods after unlocking the vehicle using
the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
Press the customization button until EXIT
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the menu up/down button to
scroll through the following settings:
Press the customization button until APPROACH
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the menu up/down button
to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: The exterior lamps will not turn on.
OFF: The exterior lights will not turn on when you
unlock the vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
30 SECONDS (default): The exterior lamps will
stay on for 30 seconds.
1 MINUTE: The exterior lamps will stay on for
one minute.
2 MINUTES: The exterior lamps will stay on for
two minutes.
236
ON (default): If it is dark enough outside, the
exterior lights will turn on briefly when you unlock
the vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
The lights will remain on for 20 seconds or until
the lock button on the RKE transmitter is pressed,
or the vehicle is no longer off. See Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation on page 96
for more information.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
CHIME VOLUME
This feature allows you to select the volume level
of the chime.
Press the customization button until CHIME
VOLUME appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the menu up/down button to
scroll through the following settings:
LOUD: The chime volume will be set to a loud
level.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
PARK TILT MIRRORS
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select whether or not the outside mirror(s)
will automatically tilt down when the vehicle is
shifted into REVERSE (R). See Outside Curb View
Assist Mirror on page 138 for more information.
Press the customization button until PARK
TILT MIRRORS appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the menu up/down button
to scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): Neither outside mirror will be
tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
NORMAL (default): The chime volume will be set
to a normal level.
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DRIVER MIRROR: The driver’s outside mirror will
be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
PASSENGER MIRROR: The passenger’s outside
mirror will be tilted down when the vehicle is
shifted into REVERSE (R).
BOTH MIRRORS: The driver’s and passenger’s
outside mirrors will be tilted down when the vehicle
is shifted into REVERSE (R).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
EASY EXIT SEAT
If the vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select your preference for the automatic easy exit
seat feature. See Memory Seat and Mirrors on
page 12 for more information.
238
Press the customization button until EASY EXIT
SEAT appears in the display. Press the set/reset
button to access the settings for this feature.
Then press the menu up/down button to scroll
through the following settings:
OFF (default): No automatic seat exit recall will
occur.
ON: The driver’s seat will move back when the
key is removed from the ignition.
The automatic easy exit seat movement will only
occur one time after the key is removed from
the ignition. If the automatic movement has already
occurred, and you put the key back in the
ignition and remove it again, the seat will stay in
the original exit position, unless a memory
recall took place prior to removing the key again.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to
this feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
MEMORY SEAT RECALL
If the vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select your preference for the remote memory seat
recall feature. See Memory Seat and Mirrors on
page 12 for more information.
Press the customization button until MEMORY
SEAT RECALL appears in the display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the menu up/down button to
scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): No remote memory seat recall will
occur.
ON: The driver’s seat and outside mirrors will
automatically move to the stored driving position
when the unlock button on the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter is pressed. If your vehicle
has the adjustable throttle and brake pedal
feature, the pedals will also automatically move.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
FACTORY SETTINGS
This feature allows you to set all of the
customization features back to their factory default
settings.
Press the customization button until FACTORY
SETTINGS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the menu up/down button to
scroll through the following settings:
RESTORE ALL (default): The customization
features will be set to their factory default settings.
DO NOT RESTORE: The customization features
will not be set to their factory default settings.
Choose one of the available settings and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
239
Exiting the Feature Settings Menu
Audio System(s)
The feature settings menu will be exited when any
of the following occurs:
• The vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P).
• The ignition is no longer in ON.
• The trip/fuel or vehicle information DIC buttons
are pressed.
• The end of the feature settings menu is
reached.
• A 40 second time period has elapsed with no
selection made.
Determine which radio your vehicle has and then
read the pages following to familiarize yourself
with its features.
240
Driving without distraction is a necessity for a
safer driving experience. See Defensive Driving on
page 274. By taking a few moments to read this
manual and get familiar with your vehicle’s
audio system, you can use it with less effort, as
well as take advantage of its features. While your
vehicle is parked, set up your audio system by
presetting your favorite radio stations, setting the
tone and adjusting the speakers. Then, when
driving conditions permit, you can tune to
your favorite stations using the presets and
steering wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
• Set up your audio system by presetting your
{CAUTION:
This system provides you with a far greater
access to audio stations and song listings.
Giving extended attention to entertainment
tasks while driving can cause a crash and
you or others can be injured or killed.
Always keep your eyes on the road and
your mind on the drive — avoid engaging
in extended searching while driving.
Keeping your mind on the drive is important for
safe driving. Here are some ways in which you can
help avoid distraction while driving.
While your vehicle is parked:
• Familiarize yourself with all of its controls.
• Familiarize yourself with its operation.
favorite radio stations, setting the tone, and
adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving
conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite
radio stations using the presets and steering
wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment
to your vehicle, such as an audio system,
CD player, CB radio, mobile telephone,
or two-way radio, make sure that it can be
added by checking with your dealer. Also,
check federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units. If sound equipment can be
added, it is very important to do it properly.
Added sound equipment can interfere with the
operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or
other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems can interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has
been added.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained
Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP, the audio
system can be played even after the ignition
is turned off. See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 118 for more information.
241
Setting the Time (Radio with Single
CD Player)
Enabling/Disabling the Digital Radio Clock
Your vehicle has an analog clock as well as
the digital radio clock. At the time of new vehicle
delivery, the digital radio clock display should
be disabled. If you decide to use the digital radio
clock as well as the analog clock, you can
change the setting to enable the radio clock
display.
Turn the radio clock display on or off by following
these steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press the clock button until the clock and date
setting menus appear.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the
forward arrow label until the menu for
default clock and date settings appear.
242
4. Press the pushbutton located under the
currently displayed status of either ON or OFF.
The ON display indicates the radio clock
display is disabled and the OFF display
indicates the radio clock display is enabled.
Press this pushbutton to toggle the radio clock
display on or off.
If the radio clock display is turned on, the
screen displays Radio Clock ON for
10 seconds, then returns to the original clock
display menu.
If the radio clock display is turned off, the
screen displays Radio Clock OFF for
10 seconds. The menus for clock and date
settings are removed, and ON displays
as a current status indicating that the clock
display can be turned on, if desired.
The radio clock and analog clock are not
synchronized. Occasionally you might need to set
the digital radio clock using the procedure
below to synchronize both clocks.
Setting the Time and Date on the Digital
Radio Clock
Changing the Time and Date Default
Setting
If your vehicle has a radio with a single CD player,
it has a clock button for setting the time and
date. To set the time and date, do the following:
To change the time and date default setting, do
the following:
1. Change the time default setting from 12 hour
to 24 hour or the date default setting from
month/day/year to day/month/year, by
pressing the clock button.
2. Once the clock and date settings display
along with the forward arrow, press the
pushbutton located under the forward arrow
until the time 12H and 24H, and the date
MM/DD/YYYY (month, day, and year)
and DD/MM/YYYY (day, month, and year)
displays.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the
desired option, then press the clock button
again to apply the selected default, or let the
screen time out.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press the clock button and HR, MIN, MM, DD,
YYYY (hour, minute, month, day, and year)
displays.
3. Press the pushbutton located under each one
of the labels that you want to change. Every
time the pushbutton is pressed again, the time
or the date if selected, increases by one.
• Another way to increase the time or date, is
to press the right SEEK arrow or the FWD
(forward) button.
4. To decrease the time or date, press the left
SEEK arrow or the REV (reverse) button.
You can also turn the tune knob, located on
the upper right side of the radio faceplate,
to adjust the selected setting.
243
Setting the Time (Radio with
Six-Disc CD Player)
Enabling/Disabling the Digital Radio Clock
Your vehicle has an analog clock as well as
the digital radio clock. At the time of new vehicle
delivery, the digital radio clock display should
be disabled. If you decide to use the digital radio
clock as well as the analog clock, you can
change the setting to enable the radio clock
display.
Turn the radio clock display on or off by following
these steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press the MENU button until the clock label
display appears.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the clock
label until the clock and date settings appear.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the
forward arrow label until the menu for
default clock and date settings appear.
244
5. Press the pushbutton located under the
currently displayed status of either ON or OFF.
The ON display indicates the radio clock
display is disabled and the OFF display
indicates the radio clock display is enabled.
Press this pushbutton to toggle the radio clock
display on or off.
If the radio clock display is turned on, the
screen displays Radio Clock ON for
10 seconds, then returns to the original clock
display menu.
If the radio clock display is turned off, the
screen displays Radio Clock OFF for
10 seconds. The menus for clock and date
settings are removed, and ON displays
as a current status indicating that the clock
display can be turned on, if desired.
The radio clock and analog clock are not
synchronized. Occasionally you might need to set
the digital radio clock using the procedure
below to synchronize both clocks.
Setting the Time and Date on the Digital
Radio Clock
Changing the Time and Date Default
Setting
If your vehicle has a radio with a six-disc CD
player, it has a MENU button for setting the time
and date. To set the time and date, do the
following:
To change the time and date default setting, do
the following:
1. Change the time default setting from 12 hour
to 24 hour or the date default setting from
month/day/year to day/month/year, by
pressing the MENU button.
2. Once the clock symbol displays, press the
pushbutton located under that symbol until
the time and date settings display along with a
forward arrow.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press the MENU button until the clock option
is displayed.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the clock
label and the HR, MIN, MM, DD, YYYY (hour,
minute, month, day, and year) displays.
4. Press the pushbutton located under each one
of the labels that you want to change. Every
time the pushbutton is pressed again, the time
or the date if selected, increases by one.
• Another way to increase the time or date, is
to press the right SEEK arrow or the FWD
(forward) button.
5. To decrease the time or date, press the left
SEEK arrow or the REV (reverse) button.
You can also turn the tune knob, located on
the upper right side of the radio faceplate,
to adjust the selected setting.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the
forward arrow until the time 12H and 24H, and
the date MM/DD/YYYY (month, day, and
year) and DD/MM/YYYY (day, month,
and year) displays.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the
desired option, then press the MENU
button again to apply the selected default, or
let the screen time out.
245
Radio with CD
While the radio is tuned to an FM-RDS station, the
station name or call letters display. In rare
cases, a radio station could broadcast incorrect
information that causes the radio features to work
improperly. If this happens, contact the radio
station.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
Radio with CD shown, Radio with Six-Disc CD (MP3)
similar
Radio Data System (RDS)
The audio system has a Radio Data System
(RDS). The RDS feature is available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
This system relies upon receiving specific
information from these stations and only works
when the information is available.
246
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in the
48 contiguous United States and Canada. XM™
offers a large variety of coast-to-coast channels
including music, news, sports, talk, traffic/weather
(U.S. subscribers), and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text
information that includes song title and artist name.
A service fee is required in order to receive the
XM™ service. For more information, contact XM™;
In the U.S. at www.xmradio.com or call
1-800-852-XMXM (9696) or in Canada at
www.xmradio.ca or call 1-877-GET-XMSR
(438-9677).
Playing the Radio
Finding a Station
O (Power/Volume): Press this knob to turn the
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM, or XM™ (if equipped). The display shows
the selection.
system on and off.
Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
increase or decrease the volume.
Speed Compensated Volume (SCV): The radio
also has Speed Compensated Volume (SCV).
While SCV is on, the radio volume automatically
adjusts to compensate for road and wind noise as
driving speed changes. That way, the volume
level should sound about the same as you drive.
To activate SCV:
1. Set the radio volume to the desired level.
2. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
3. Press the pushbutton under the AUTO
VOLUM (volume) label on the radio display.
a (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
© SEEK ¨: Press the right or left SEEK
arrow to go to the next or to the previous station
and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK
arrow for three seconds until a beep sounds. The
radio goes to a station, plays for a few seconds,
then goes to the next station. Press either
SEEK arrow again to stop scanning.
The radio only seeks and scan stations with a
strong signal that are in the selected band.
4. Press the pushbutton under the desired Speed
Compensated Volume setting (OFF, Low, Med
(medium), or High) to select the level of radio
volume compensation. The display times out
after approximately 10 seconds. Each higher
setting allows for more radio volume
compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
247
4 (Information) (XM™ Satellite Radio Service,
MP3, and RDS Features): Press the information
button to display additional text information
related to the current FM-RDS or XM™ station, or
MP3 song. A choice of additional information
such as: Channel, Song, Artist, CAT (category)
can appear. Continue pressing the information
button to highlight the desired label, or press the
pushbutton positioned under any one of the
labels and the information about that label
displays.
When information is not available, No Info
displays.
Storing a Radio Station as a Favorite
Drivers are encouraged to set up their radio station
favorites while the vehicle is parked. Tune to
your favorite stations using the presets, favorites
button, and steering wheel controls, if your vehicle
has this feature. See Defensive Driving on
page 274.
248
FAV (Favorites): A maximum of 36 stations can
be programmed as favorites using the
six pushbuttons positioned below the radio station
frequency labels and by using the radio favorites
page button (FAV button). Press the FAV button to
go through up to six pages of favorites, each
having six favorite stations available per page.
Each page of favorites can contain any
combination of AM, FM, or XM™ (if equipped)
stations. To store a station as a favorite, perform
the following steps:
1. Tune to the desired radio station.
2. Press the FAV button to display the page
where you want the station stored.
3. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons
until a beep sounds. Whenever that
pushbutton is pressed and released, the
station that was set, returns.
4. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton radio
station you want stored as a favorite.
The number of favorites pages can be setup using
the MENU button. To setup the number of
favorites pages, perform the following steps:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the
FAV 1-6 label.
3. Select the desired number of favorites pages
by pressing the pushbutton located below the
displayed page numbers.
4. Press the FAV button, or let the menu time
out, to return to the original main radio
screen showing the radio station frequency
labels and to begin the process of
programming your favorites for the chosen
amount of numbered pages.
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
BASS/MID/TREB (Bass, Midrange, or Treble):
To adjust bass, midrange, or treble, press the tune
knob until the tone control labels display.
Continue pressing to highlight the desired label, or
press the pushbutton positioned under the
desired label. Turn the tune knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to adjust the highlighted setting.
The highlighted setting can also be adjusted by
pressing either the SEEK, FWD (forward), or REV
(reverse) button until the desired levels are
obtained. If a station’s frequency is weak, or if
there is static, decrease the treble.
To quickly adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the
middle position, press the tune knob for more
than two seconds. A beep sounds and the level
adjusts to the middle position. Pressing the
tune knob for more than two seconds will also
center the fade and balance settings to the factory
default positions.
249
Finding a Category (CAT) Station
CAT (Category): The CAT button is used to find
XM™ stations when the radio is in the XM™
mode. To find XM™ channels within a desired
category, perform the following:
1. Press the BAND button until the XM™
frequency displays. Press the CAT button to
display the category labels on the radio
display. Continue pressing the CAT button
until the desired category name displays.
2. Press either of the two buttons below the
desired category label to immediately tune
to the first XM™ station associated with that
category.
3. Turn the tune knob, press the buttons below
the right or left arrows displayed, or press the
right or left SEEK buttons to go to the next
or previous XM™ station within the selected
category.
4. To exit the category search mode, press the
FAV button or BAND button to display your
favorites again.
250
Undesired XM™ categories can be removed
through the setup menu. To remove an undesired
category, perform the following:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the XM
CAT label.
3. Turn the tune knob to display the category
you want removed.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the
Remove label until the category name
along with the word Removed displays.
5. Repeat the steps to remove more categories.
Removed categories can be restored by pressing
the pushbutton under the Add label when a
removed category displays or by pressing the
pushbutton under the Restore All label.
The radio does not allow you to remove or add
categories while the vehicle is moving faster than
5 mph (8 km/h).
The CAT button also toggles between compressed
and uncompressed audio when a mixed disc is
present. See “Compressed Audio” later in
this section.
Radio Message
Locked: This message displays when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up the radio.
Take the vehicle to your dealer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer.
Radio Messages for XM™ Only
See XM Radio Messages on page 264 later in this
section for further detail.
Playing a CD (Single CD Player)
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player pulls it in and the CD should begin
playing.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it stays in the player. When the ignition or
radio is turned on, the CD starts playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol displays on
the CD. As each new track starts to play the track
number displays.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the
quality of the music that has been recorded, and the
way the CD-R has been handled. There can be an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks,
and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these
problems occur, check the bottom surface of the
CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as
cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play
properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care
of Your CDs on page 271 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in
the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal
computer and a description label is needed, try
labeling the top of the recorded CD with a
marking pen.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more than
one CD is inserted into the slot at a time, or an
attempt is made to play scratched or damaged
CDs, the CD player could be damaged. While
using the CD player, use only CDs in good
condition without any label, load one CD at a
time, and keep the CD player and the loading
slot free of foreign materials, liquids, and
debris.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
251
Z (Eject): Press the CD eject button to
eject the CD. If the CD is not removed, after
several seconds, the CD automatically pulls back
into the player.
a (Tune): Turn this knob to select tracks on the
CD currently playing.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to
go to the start of the current track, if more than
ten seconds have played. Press the right
SEEK arrow to go to the next track. If either SEEK
arrow is held or pressed multiple times, the
player continues moving backward or forward
through the CD.
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button
to reverse playback quickly within a track. Sound is
heard at a reduced volume. Release this button
to resume playing the track. The elapsed time
of the track displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
button to advance playback quickly within a track.
Sound is heard at a reduced volume. Release
this button to resume playing the track. The
elapsed time of the track displays.
252
RDM (Random): With the random setting, CD
tracks can be listened to in random, rather
than sequential order. This feature is not available
in playlist mode. To use random, do the following:
1. To play tracks from the CD you are listening
to in random order, press the pushbutton
positioned under the RDM label. The random
icon displays.
2. Press the same pushbutton again to turn off
random play. The random icon disappears
from the display.
4 (Information): Press this button to switch the
display between the track number, elapsed time of
the track, and the time. When the ignition is off,
press this button to display the time (if the
clock display is enabled).
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a CD is playing. The CD remains inside the
radio for future listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to play
a CD when listening to the radio. The CD icon and
track number displays when a CD is in the player.
Press this button again and the system
automatically searches for an auxiliary input device,
such as a portable audio player. If a portable audio
player is not connected, No Aux Input Device
displays.
Playing a CD(s) (Six-Disc CD Player)
LOAD ^: Press this button to load CDs into the
CD player. This CD player holds up to six CDs.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. Press and release the load button.
2. Wait for the message to insert the disc.
3. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player pulls the CD in.
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Press and hold the load button for
five seconds. A beep sounds and Load All
Discs displays.
2. Follow the displayed instruction on when to
insert the discs. The CD player takes up to
six CDs.
3. Press the Load button again to cancel loading
more CDs.
If the ignition or radio is turned off, with a CD in the
player, it stays in the player. When the ignition or
radio is turned on, the CD starts playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol appears on
the CD. As each new track starts to play, the track
number displays.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the
quality of the music that has been recorded, and the
way the CD-R has been handled. There can be an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks,
and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these
problems occur, check the bottom surface of the
CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as
cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play
properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care
of Your CDs on page 271 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
253
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more
than one CD is inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play scratched or
damaged CDs, the CD player could be
damaged. While using the CD player, use only
CDs in good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
Z (Eject): Press the CD eject button to eject
CD(s). To eject the CD that is currently playing,
press and release this button. A beep sounds and
Ejecting Disc displays. Once the disc is ejected,
Remove Disc displays. The CD can be removed. If
the CD is not removed, after several seconds,
the CD automatically pulls back into the player and
begins playing.
254
For the Six-Disc CD player, press and hold the
eject button for two seconds to eject all discs.
a (Tune): Turn this knob to select tracks on the
CD currently playing.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to
go to the start of the current track, if more than
ten seconds have played. Press the right
SEEK arrow to go to the next track. If either SEEK
arrow is held, or pressed multiple times, the
player continues moving backward or forward
through the tracks on the CD.
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button
to reverse playback quickly within a track. You will
hear sound at a reduced volume. Release this
button to resume playing the track. The elapsed
time of the track displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
button to advance playback quickly within a track.
You will hear sound at a reduced volume.
Release this button to resume playing the track.
The elapsed time of the track displays.
RDM (Random): With the random setting, the
tracks can be listened to in random, rather than
sequential order, on one CD or all CDs in a six-disc
CD player. To use random, do one of the following:
• To play the tracks from the CD you are listening
to in random order, press the pushbutton
positioned under the RDM label until
Randomize Current Disc displays. Press the
pushbutton again to turn off random play.
• To play tracks from all CDs loaded in a six-disc
CD player in random order, press the
pushbutton positioned under the RDM label
until Randomize All Discs displays. Press the
same pushbutton again to turn off random play.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a CD is playing. The CD remains inside the
radio for future listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to play
a CD when listening to the radio. The CD icon
and a message showing disc and/or track number
displays when a CD is in the player. Press this
button again and the system automatically
searches for an auxiliary input device, such as a
portable audio player. If a portable audio player is
not connected, No Aux Input Device displays.
Playing an MP3/WMA CD-R or
CD-RW Disc
Your vehicle’s radio system may have the MP3
feature. If it has, it is capable of playing an
MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW disc. For more
information on how to play an MP3/WMA CD-R or
CD-RW disc, see Using an MP3 on page 257
later in this section.
CD Messages
DISC ERROR: If an error message displays
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of
the following reasons:
• The radio system does not support the playlist
format, the compressed audio format, or the
data file format.
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
255
• There could have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label could be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down and
provide it to your dealer when reporting the
problem.
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
Your radio system has an auxiliary input jack
located on the lower right side of the faceplate.
This is not an audio output; do not plug the
headphone set into the front auxiliary input jack.
You can however, connect an external audio
device such as an iPod, laptop computer, MP3
player, CD changer, or cassette tape player, etc. to
the auxiliary input jack for use as another source
for audio listening.
Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary
device while the vehicle is in PARK (P). See
Defensive Driving on page 274 for more
information on driver distraction.
256
To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm
(1/8 inch) cable to the radio’s front auxiliary
input jack. When a device is connected, press the
radio CD/AUX button to begin playing audio
from the device over the vehicle speakers.
O (Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
volume of the portable player. You might need to do
additional volume adjustments from the portable
device if the volume is not loud or soft enough.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a portable audio device is playing. The
portable audio device continues playing, so you
might want to stop it or power it off.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to play
a CD when a portable audio device is playing.
Press this button again and the system begins
playing audio from the connected portable audio
player. If a portable audio player is not
connected, No Aux Input Device displays.
Using an MP3
MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW Disc
The radio plays MP3 and WMA files that were
recorded on a CD-R or CD-RW disc. The files can
be recorded with the following fixed bit rates:
32 kbps, 40 kbps, 56 kbps, 64 kbps, 80 kbps,
96 kbps, 112 kbps, 128 kbps, 160 kbps, 192 kbps,
224 kbps, 256 kbps, and 320 kbps or a variable
bit rate. Song title, artist name, and album
can display when files are recorded using ID3 tags
version 1 and 2.
Compressed Audio
The radio also plays discs that contain both
standard uncompressed CD audio and MP3/WMA
compressed audio files. By default the radio
reads only the uncompressed audio and ignores
the MP3/WMA files. Pressing the CAT (category)
button toggles between compressed and
uncompressed audio format.
MP3/WMA Format
If you burn your own MP3/WMA disc on a
personal computer:
• Make sure the MP3 files are recorded on a
CD-R or CD-RW disc.
• Make sure the CD does not have more than a
maximum of 50 folders, 50 playlists, and
255 files to read and play.
• Create a folder structure that makes it easy to
find songs while driving. Organize songs by
albums using one folder for each album.
Each folder or album should contain 18 songs
or less.
• Avoid subfolders. The system can support up
to 8 subfolders deep, however, keep the total
number of folders to a minimum in order to
reduce the complexity and confusion in trying
to locate a particular folder during playback.
• Make sure playlists have a .mp3 or .wpl
extension (other file extensions might
not work).
257
• Minimize the length of the file, folder or playlist
Root Directory
names. Long file, folder, or playlist names, or
a combination of a large number of files
and folders, or playlists can cause the player
to be unable to play up to the maximum
number of files, folders, playlists, or sessions.
If you wish to play a large number of files,
folders, playlists, or sessions, minimize
the length of the file, folder, or playlist name.
Long names also take up more space on
the display, potentially getting cut off.
• Finalize the audio disc before you burn it.
Trying to add music to an existing disc
can cause the disc not to function in the
player.
The root directory of the CD-R is treated as a
folder. If the root directory has compressed audio
files, the directory displays as F1 ROOT. All
files contained directly under the root directory are
accessed prior to any root directory folders.
However, playlists (Px) are always accessed
before root folders or files.
Change playlists by using the previous and next
folder buttons, the tuner knob, or the seek buttons.
An MP3 CD-R that was recorded using no file
folders can also be played. If a CD-R contains
more than the maximum of 50 folders, 50 playlists,
and 255 files, the player lets you access and
navigate up to the maximum, but all items over
the maximum cannot be accessed.
258
Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in
the file structure that contains only
folders/subfolders and no compressed files directly
beneath them, the player advances to the next
folder in the file structure that contains compressed
audio files. The empty folder does not display.
No Folder
When the CD-R contains only compressed files,
the files are located under the root folder. The next
and previous folder functions do not display on
a CD-R that was recorded without folders or
playlists. When displaying the name of the folder
the radio displays ROOT.
When the CD-R contains only playlists and
compressed audio files, but no folders, all files are
located under the root folder. The folder down
and the folder up buttons search playlists (Px) first
and then goes to the root folder. When the
radio displays the name of the folder the radio
displays ROOT.
Order of Play
Tracks recorded to the CD-R play in the following
order:
• Play begins from the first track in the first
playlist and continues sequentially through
all tracks in each playlist. When the last track
of the last playlist has played, play continues
from the first track of the first playlist.
− Playlists can be changed by pressing the
next and previous folder button, the seek
buttons, or turning the tuner knob.
• Play begins from the first track in the first
folder and continues sequentially through
all tracks in each folder. When the last track of
the last folder has played, play continues
from the first track of the first folder.
When play enters a new folder, the display does
not automatically show the new folder name unless
the folder mode has been chosen as the default
display. The new track name displays.
File System and Naming
The song name that displays is the song name
that is contained in the ID3 tag. If the song name is
not present in the ID3 tag, then the radio displays
the file name without the extension (such
as .mp3) as the track name.
Track names longer than 22 characters or
four pages are shortened. Parts of words on the
last page of text and the extension of the filename
does not display.
259
Preprogrammed Playlists
Preprogrammed playlists that were created using
WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or Windows Media
Player™ software can be accessed, however, they
cannot be edited using the radio. These playlists
are treated as special folders containing
compressed audio song files. Playlists must have
a file extension of M3U or WPL.
Playlists can be changed by using the previous
and next folder buttons, the seek buttons, or
turning the tuner knob. Tracks cannot be changed.
Songs are played sequentially; press the REV
or FWD to reverse or advance through the
currently playing song.
Playing an MP3
Insert a CD-R partway into the slot (Single CD
Player), or press the load button and wait for the
message to insert disc (Six-Disc CD Player),
label side up. The player pulls it in, and the CD-R
should begin playing.
If the ignition or radio is turned off while a CD-R is
in the player, it stays in the player. When the
ignition or radio is turned on, the CD-R starts to
play where it stopped, if it was the last selected
audio source.
260
As each new track starts to play, the track number
and song title displays.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the
quality of the music that has been recorded, and the
way the CD-R has been handled. There can be an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks,
and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these
problems occur, check the bottom surface of the
CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as
cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play
properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care
of Your CDs on page 271 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more
than one CD is inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play scratched or
damaged CDs, the CD player could be
damaged. While using the CD player, use only
CDs in good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
Z (Eject): Press the CD eject button to eject
CD-R(s). To eject the CD-R that is currently
playing, press and release this button. A beep
sounds and Ejecting Disc displays. Once the disc
is ejected, Remove Disc displays. The CD-R
can be removed. If the CD-R is not removed, after
several seconds, the CD-R automatically pulls
back into the player and begins playing.
For the Six-Disc CD player, press and hold the
eject button for two seconds to eject all discs.
a (Tune): Turn this knob to select MP3 files on
the CD-R currently playing.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to go to
the start of the current MP3 file, if more than
ten seconds have played. Press the right SEEK
arrow to go to the next MP3 file. If either
SEEK arrow is held or pressed multiple times, the
player continues moving backward or forward
through MP3 files on the CD.
S c (Previous Folder): Press the pushbutton
positioned under the Folder label to go to the
first track in the previous folder.
c T (Next Folder): Press the pushbutton
positioned under the Folder label to go to the first
track in the next folder.
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button
to reverse playback quickly within an MP3
file. Sound is heard at a reduced volume.
Release this button to resume playing the file. The
elapsed time of the file displays.
261
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
button to advance playback quickly within an MP3
file. Sound is heard at a reduced volume.
Release this button to resume playing the file. The
elapsed time of the file displays.
RDM (Random): With the random setting, MP3
files on the CD-R can be played in random, rather
than sequential order, on one CD-R or all discs
in a six-disc CD player. To use random, do one of
the following:
1. To play MP3 files from the CD-R in random
order, press the pushbutton positioned under
the RDM label until Random Current Disc
displays. Press the same pushbutton again to
turn off random play.
2. To play songs from all CDs loaded in a six-disc
CD player in random order, press the
pushbutton positioned under the RDM label
until Randomize All Discs displays. Press the
same pushbutton again to turn off random play.
262
h (Music Navigator): Use the music navigator
feature to play MP3 files on the CD-R in order by
artist or album. Press the pushbutton located below
the music navigator label. The player scans the disc
to sort the files by artist and album ID3 tag
information. It could take several minutes to scan
the disc depending on the number of MP3 files
recorded to the CD-R. The radio might begin
playing while it is scanning the disc in the
background. When the scan is finished, the CD-R
begins playing again.
Once the disc has scanned, the player defaults to
playing MP3 files in order by artist. The current
artist playing is shown on the second line of the
display between the arrows. Once all songs by that
artist have played, the player moves to the next
artist in alphabetical order on the CD-R and begins
playing MP3 files by that artist. To listen to MP3
files by another artist, press the pushbutton located
below either arrow button. The CD goes to the next
or previous artist in alphabetical order. Continue
pressing either button until the desired artist
displays.
To change from playback by artist to playback by
album, press the pushbutton located below the Sort
By label. From the sort screen, push one of the
buttons below the album button. Press the
pushbutton below the Back label to return to the
main music navigator screen. Now the album name
displays on the second line between the arrows and
songs from the current album begins to play. Once
all songs from that album have played, the player
moves to the next album in alphabetical order on
the CD-R and begins playing MP3 files from that
album.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a CD is playing. The CD remains inside the
radio for future listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to play
a CD when listening to the radio. The CD icon
and a message showing disc and/or track number
displays when a CD is in the player. Press this
button again and the system automatically
searches for an auxiliary input device such as a
portable audio player. If a portable audio player is
not connected, No Aux Input Device displays.
To exit music navigator mode, press the button
below the Back label to return to normal MP3
playback.
263
XM Radio Messages
Radio Display Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
XL on the radio display,
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
Channels)
after the channel name,
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
indicates content with
explicit language.
XM Updating
Updating encryption code The encryption code in the receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No XM Signal
Loss of signal
The system is functioning correctly, but the vehicle is in a
location that is blocking the XM™ signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
The audio system is acquiring and processing audio and
(after 4 second delay)
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Channel Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
Channel Unavail
Channel no longer
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
available
Tune to another station. If this station was one of the
presets, choose another station for that preset button.
No Artist Info
Artist Name/Feature not
No artist information is available at this time on this channel.
available
The system is working properly.
No Title Info
Song/Program Title not
No song title information is available at this time on this
available
channel. The system is working properly.
264
Radio Display Message
Condition
No CAT Info
Category Name not
available
No Information
No Text/Informational
message available
CAT Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
XM TheftLocked
Theft lock active
XM Radio ID
Unknown
Check XM Receivr
XM Not Available
Action Required
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No text or informational messages are available at this time
on this channel. The system is working properly.
There are no channels available for the selected category.
The system is working properly.
The XM™ receiver in the vehicle could have previously
been in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM™
receivers cannot be swapped between vehicles. If this
message appears after having your vehicle serviced, check
with your dealer.
Radio ID label (channel 0) If tuned to channel 0, this message can alternate with the
XM™ Radio eight digit radio ID label. This label is needed
to activate the service.
Radio ID not known
If this message is received when tuned to channel 0, there
(should only be if
could be a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
hardware failure)
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver could have a fault. Consult with your dealer.
XM Not Available
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver could have a fault. Consult with your dealer.
265
Navigation/Radio System
Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
Your vehicle could have a navigation radio system.
This feature lets rear seat passengers listen to
and control any of the music sources: radio, CDs,
DVDs, or other auxiliary sources. However, the
rear seat passengers can only control the
music sources the front seat passengers are not
listening to (except on some radios where
dual control is allowed). For example, rear seat
passengers can control a CD and listen to it
through the headphones, while the driver listens to
the radio through the front speakers. The rear
seat passengers have control of the volume
for each set of headphones.
The navigation system has built-in features
intended to minimize driver distraction. Technology
alone, no matter how advanced, can never
replace your own judgment. See the Navigation
System manual for some tips to help you
reduce distractions while driving.
Rear Seat Entertainment System
If your vehicle has a navigation radio system, it
could have the Rear Seat Entertainment
(RSE) system. For more information on how to
use the RSE system, see “Rear Seat
Entertainment System” in the Navigation System
manual.
You can operate the Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
functions even when the main radio is off.
Audio can be heard through wired headphones
(not included) plugged into the jacks on the RSA.
If your vehicle has this feature, audio can also
be heard on Channel 2 of the wireless
headphones.
Depending on the audio system, the rear speakers
can continue to play even when the RSA audio
is active through the headphones.
266
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch
between the radio (AM/FM), XM™ (if equipped),
CD, and if your vehicle has these features,
DVD, front auxiliary, and rear auxiliary.
© ¨ (Seek): When listening to FM, AM, or
XM™ (if equipped), press the seek up or the seek
down arrow to go to the next or the previous
station or channels and stay there. This function is
inactive, with some radios, if the front seat
passengers are listening to the radio.
P (Power): Press this button to turn the RSA on
or off.
Volume: Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume of the wired headphones.
The left knob controls the left headphones and the
right knob controls the right headphones.
Press and hold the seek up or seek down arrow
until the display flashes, to tune to an individual
station. The display stops flashing after the buttons
have not been pushed for more than two seconds.
This function is inactive, with some radios, if
the front seat passengers are listening to the radio.
While listening to a CD, press the seek up arrow to
hear the next track on the CD. Press the seek down
arrow to go back to the start of the current track (if
more than ten seconds have played). This function
is inactive, with some radios, if the front seat
passengers are listening to the radio.
267
When a DVD video menu is being displayed, press
the seek up arrow or seek down arrow to perform a
cursor up or down on the menu. Hold the seek up
arrow or seek down arrow to perform a cursor right
or left on the menu.
PROG (Program): Press this button to go to the
next preset radio station or channel set on the
main radio. This function is inactive, with
some radios, if the front seat passengers are
listening to the radio.
When a CD or DVD audio is playing, press this
button to go to the beginning of the CD or
DVD audio. This function is inactive, with some
radios, if the front seat passengers are listening to
the CD or DVD audio.
When a disc is playing in the CD or DVD changer,
press this button to select the next disc, if
multiple discs are loaded. This function is inactive,
with some radios, if the front seat passengers
are listening to the disc.
When a DVD video menu is being displayed,
press the PROG button to perform the menu
function, enter.
268
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of
your vehicle’s radio. The feature works
automatically by learning a portion of the Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN). If the radio is
moved to a different vehicle, it does not operate. If
the radio is removed from your vehicle, the
original VIN in the radio can be used to trace the
radio back to your vehicle.
With THEFTLOCK® activated, the radio will not
operate if stolen.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
g (Voice Recognition): If your vehicle has the
navigation system, press and hold this button
for longer than one second to initiate voice
recognition. See “Voice Recognition” in the
Navigation System manual for more information.
If your vehicle has OnStar®, press and hold
this button for longer than one second to interact
with the OnStar® system. If your vehicle also
has the navigation system, press and hold this
button for longer than one second to initiate voice
recognition and say “OnStar” to enter OnStar®
mode. See the OnStar® System on page 139 in
this manual for more information.
Some audio controls can be adjusted at the
steering wheel. They include the following:
0 (Mute): Press this button to mute the system.
Press this button again, or any other radio
button, to turn the sound on.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch
between AM, FM, XM™ (if equipped), CD, and
auxiliary jack.
1-6 (Preset Stations): Press this button to play
stations that are programmed on the radio
preset pushbuttons. The radio seeks preset
stations only with a strong signal that are in the
selected band.
While a CD is playing, press this button to go to
the next track.
269
+ u − (Volume): Press this button to increase
or to decrease the volume.
+ t u − (Seek): Press either arrow to go to the
next or the previous radio station and stay
there. The radio seeks stations only with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
While a CD is playing in a single CD player, press
the minus button to go to the previous track or
the plus button to go to the next track on the CD.
While a CD is playing in a six-disc CD player,
loaded with more than one CD, press the minus
button to go to the previous disc or the plus button
to go to the next disc.
If the radio has the navigation system, some of
the audio steering wheel controls work when
a DVD is playing in the navigation radio. See the
Navigation System manual for more information.
Radio Reception
Frequency interference and static can occur
during normal radio reception if items such as
cellphone chargers, vehicle convenience
accessories, and external electronic devices are
plugged into the accessory power outlet. If there is
interference or static, unplug the item from the
accessory power outlet.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for
FM, especially at night. The longer range can
cause station frequencies to interfere with each
other. For better radio reception, most AM
radio stations boost the power levels during the
day, and then reduces these levels during
the night. Static can also occur when things like
storms and power lines interfere with radio
reception. When this happens, try reducing the
treble on the radio.
FM Stereo
FM stereo gives the best sound, but FM signals
reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to fade in and out.
270
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
Care of Your CDs
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives digital radio
reception from coast-to-coast in the 48 contiguous
United States, and in Canada. Just as with FM,
tall buildings or hills can interfere with satellite
radio signals, causing the sound to fade in and out.
In addition, traveling or standing under heavy
foliage, bridges, garages, or tunnels may cause
the loss of XM™ signal for a period of time.
The radio might display NO XM SIGNAL to
indicate interference.
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original
cases or other protective cases and away from
direct sunlight and dust. The CD player scans the
bottom surface of the disc. If the surface of a CD is
damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched,
the CD will not play properly or not at all. If the
surface of a CD is soiled, take a soft, lint free cloth
or dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral
detergent solution mixed with water, and clean it.
Make sure the wiping process starts from the center
to the edge.
Cellular Phone Usage
Cellular phone usage could cause interference
with your vehicle’s radio. This interference
could occur when making or receiving phone calls,
charging the phone’s battery, or simply having
the phone on. This interference is an increased
level of static while listening to the radio. If static is
received while listening to the radio, unplug the
cellular phone and turn it off.
Do not touch the bottom side of a CD while
handling it; this could damage the surface. Pick up
CDs by grasping the outer edges or the edge of
the hole and the outer edge.
Care of the CD Player
Do not use CD lens cleaners for CD players
because the lens of the CD optics can become
contaminated by lubricants.
271
Diversity Antenna System
The AM-FM antenna is integrated within the rear
quarter windows. Make sure the inside surface
of the rear quarter windows are not scratched and
the grid lines on the glass are not damaged. If
the inside surface is damaged, it could interfere
with radio reception.
Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting
with metallic film. The metallic film in some
tinting materials will interfere with or distort the
incoming radio reception. Any damage
caused to your antenna due to metallic tinting
materials will not be covered by your
warranty.
Notice: Do not try to clear frost or other
material from the inside of the rear quarter
window with a razor blade or anything else that
is sharp. This may affect your radio’s ability
to pick up stations clearly. The repairs wouldn’t
be covered by your warranty.
272
If static is heard on the radio, when the rear
window defogger is turned on, it could mean that
a defogger grid line has been damaged. If this
is true, the grid line must be repaired.
If adding an aftermarket cellular telephone to your
vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached
to the glass, make sure that the grid lines for the
AM-FM antennas are not damaged. Make sure
the cellular telephone antenna does not touch a
grid line.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
The XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on
the roof of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of
snow and ice build up for clear radio reception.
A vehicle with a sunroof might not get the
best performance from the XM™ system if the
sunroof is open.
Loading items onto the roof of your vehicle can
interfere with the performance of the XM™ system.
Make sure the XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is
not obstructed.
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ... 274
Defensive Driving ...................................... 274
Drunken Driving ........................................ 275
Control of a Vehicle .................................. 278
Braking ...................................................... 278
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................. 279
Braking in Emergencies ............................. 281
Traction Control System (TCS) .................. 281
Magnetic Ride Control ............................... 283
Limited-Slip Rear Axle ............................... 283
StabiliTrak® System ................................... 283
Panic Brake Assist .................................... 284
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System .................. 284
Steering .................................................... 285
Off-Road Recovery .................................... 287
Passing ..................................................... 287
Loss of Control .......................................... 289
Off-Road Driving ........................................ 291
Driving at Night ......................................... 306
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ............ 308
City Driving ............................................... 311
Freeway Driving ........................................ 312
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .................. 313
Highway Hypnosis ..................................... 314
Hill and Mountain Roads ........................... 315
Winter Driving ........................................... 317
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud,
Ice, or Snow .......................................... 321
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out ........... 322
Loading Your Vehicle ................................ 322
Towing ........................................................ 328
Towing Your Vehicle ................................. 328
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...................... 328
Level Control ............................................. 330
Towing a Trailer ........................................ 331
273
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in
your vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They
Are for Everyone on page 22.
274
{CAUTION:
Defensive driving really means “Be ready
for anything.” On city streets, rural roads,
or expressways, it means “Always expect
the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians
or other drivers are going to be careless
and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do and be ready. Rear-end
collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow
enough following distance. Defensive
driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that
distracts from the driving task makes
proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with
resulting injury. Ask a passenger to help
do these things, or pull off the road in a
safe place to do them. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and
driving is a national tragedy. It is the number one
contributor to the highway death toll, claiming
thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
• Judgment
• Muscular Coordination
• Vision
• Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most
cases, these deaths are the result of someone who
was drinking and driving. In recent years, more
than 16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths
have been associated with the use of alcohol, with
more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population — choose never to drink alcohol,
so they never drive after drinking. For persons
under 21, it is against the law in every U.S. state to
drink alcohol. There are good medical,
psychological, and developmental reasons for
these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink
alcohol and then drive. But what if people do?
How much is “too much” if someone plans
to drive? It is a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of
someone who is drinking depends upon
four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before
and during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
275
According to the American Medical Association, a
180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with
a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would
reach the same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce
(120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if
each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of liquors like
whiskey, gin, or vodka.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For
example, if the same person drank three double
martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each)
within an hour, the person’s BAC would be close
to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food
just before or during drinking will have a somewhat
lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women
generally have a lower relative percentage of body
water than men. Since alcohol is carried in body
water, this means that a woman generally will
reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same
body weight will when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in most U.S. states, and throughout
Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In
some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and
Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers
in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have
seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the
drinks, and how quickly the person drinks them.
276
But the ability to drive is affected well below a
BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that
the driving skills of many people are impaired at a
BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and that the
effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired
at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics
show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of
having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent,
the chance of this driver having a collision is
12 times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the
chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the
alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or
number of cold showers will speed that up. “I will
be careful” is not the right answer. What if
there is an emergency, a need to take sudden
action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be
able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving
that many people do not know. Medical research
shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make
crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the
brain, spinal cord, or heart. This means that when
anyone who has been drinking — driver or
passenger — is in a crash, that person’s chance
of being killed or permanently disabled is
higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very
dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions,
attentiveness, and judgment can be
affected by even a small amount of
alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after
drinking. Please do not drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking.
Ride home in a cab; or if you are with a
group, designate a driver who will not
drink.
277
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go
where you want it to go. They are the brakes, the
steering, and the accelerator. All three systems
have to do their work at the places where the tires
meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or
ice, it is easy to ask more of those control systems
than the tires and road can provide. That means
you can lose control of your vehicle. See
StabiliTrak® System on page 283.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 347.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 204.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake
pedal. That is perception time. Then you have to
bring up your foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
second. But that is only an average. It might
be less with one driver and as long as two or
three seconds or more with another. Age, physical
condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs, and
frustration. But even in three-fourths of a second,
a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels
66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough space between
your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary
greatly with the surface of the road, whether it is
pavement or gravel; the condition of the road,
whether it is wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the
condition of the brakes; the weight of the vehicle;
and the amount of brake force applied.
278
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by
heavy braking — rather than keeping pace with
traffic. This is a mistake. The brakes may not have
time to cool between hard stops. The brakes
will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy
braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and
allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your vehicle’s engine ever stops while you are
driving, brake normally but do not pump the
brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to
push down. If the engine stops, you will still have
some power brake assist. But you will use it
when you brake. Once the power assist is used
up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has the Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS), an advanced electronic braking system that
will help prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive
away, ABS will check itself. You may hear a
momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on. This is normal.
If there is a problem
with the ABS, this
warning light will stay
on. See Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light
on page 205.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 347.
279
ABS can change the brake pressure faster than
any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the
obstacle while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving
safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of
you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here is what happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the
computer will separately work the brakes at each
front wheel and at both rear wheels.
280
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving
updates on wheel speed and controls braking
pressure accordingly.
Remember: ABS does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal
or always decrease stopping distance. If you get
too close to the vehicle in front of you, you will not
have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle
suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough
room up ahead to stop, even though you
have ABS.
Using ABS
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake
pedal down firmly and let anti-lock work for you.
You may feel the brakes vibrate, or you may notice
some noise, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With ABS, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you
more than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Your vehicle has a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in
slippery road conditions. On a rear-wheel-drive
vehicle, the system operates if it senses that
one or both of the rear wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. On an All-Wheel-Drive
(AWD) vehicle, the system will operate if it
senses that any of the wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system brakes the spinning wheel(s) and/or
reduces engine power to limit wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
The TCS warning light will also flash to indicate
that the traction control system is active.
This warning light will
come on to let you
know if there is
a problem with your
traction control system.
281
See Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light
on page 206. When this warning light is on, the
system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving
accordingly.
The TCS automatically comes on whenever you
start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin, especially in
slippery road conditions, you should always
leave the system on. But you can turn the traction
control system off if you ever need to.
Notice: Do not repeatedly brake or accelerate
heavily when the TCS is off. You could
damage your vehicle’s driveline.
When the TCS is switched off on AWD vehicles,
you may still feel the system working. This is
normal and necessary with the AWD hardware on
your vehicle.
You should turn the system off if your vehicle ever
gets stuck in sand, mud or snow and rocking
the vehicle is required. See Rocking Your Vehicle
to Get It Out on page 322 and If Your Vehicle
is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 321
for more information. See also Winter Driving
on page 317 for information on using TCS when
driving in snowy or icy conditions.
282
To turn the system off,
press the TC (traction
control) button
located on the console
under the climate
controls.
If you press the TC (traction control) button once,
the traction control system will turn off and the
traction control system warning light will come on.
Press the TC button again to turn the system
back on. If you press and hold the TC button for
five seconds, the StabiliTrak® system and the
traction control system will turn off. Press the TC
(traction control) button again to turn StabiliTrak®
back on. For more information, see StabiliTrak®
System on page 283.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 347 for more information.
Magnetic Ride Control
StabiliTrak® System
Your vehicle may have Magnetic Ride Control
that automatically adjusts the ride of your vehicle.
Automatic ride control is achieved through a
computer used to control and monitor the
suspension system. The controller receives input
from various sensors to determine the proper
system response. If the controller detects a
problem within the system, the DIC will display a
SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS message. See
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 220
for more information. See your dealer for service.
Your vehicle is equipped with a vehicle stability
enhancement system called StabiliTrak®. It
is an advanced computer controlled system that
assists you with directional control of the vehicle in
difficult driving conditions.
Limited-Slip Rear Axle
Your vehicle may have this feature. A limited-slip
rear axle can give you additional traction on
snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like a
standard axle most of the time, but when one of
the rear wheels has no traction and the other does,
this feature will allow the wheel with traction to
move the vehicle.
StabiliTrak® activates when the computer senses
a discrepancy between your intended path
and the direction the vehicle is actually traveling.
StabiliTrak® selectively applies braking pressure
at any one of the vehicle’s brakes to help steer the
vehicle in the direction which you are steering.
When the stability control system activates,
the traction control system and StabiliTrak® light
will flash on the instrument panel cluster. This also
occurs when traction control is activated. You
may also hear a noise or feel vibration in the brake
pedal. This is normal. Continue to steer the
vehicle in the direction you want it to go.
283
If there is a problem detected with StabiliTrak®, a
SERVICE STABILITRAK message will be
displayed on the Driver Information Center. See
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 220. When
this message is displayed, the system is not
operational. Driving should be adjusted
accordingly.
StabiliTrak® comes on automatically whenever you
start your vehicle. To help assist you with
directional control of the vehicle, you should
always leave the system on. You can turn
StabiliTrak® off if you ever need to through the TC
(traction control) on/off button. A STABILITRAK
OFF message will appear in the DIC when it has
been turned off. See Traction Control System
(TCS) on page 281.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the
StabiliTrak® activates, the cruise control will
automatically disengage. When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, you may reengage
the cruise control. See Cruise Control on
page 174 for more information.
284
Panic Brake Assist
Your vehicle has a panic brake assist system that
monitors the intention of the driver while braking.
If the system senses that the driver has applied
hard/fast pressure to the brake pedal, the system
will generate additional pressure, making it
easier for the driver to maintain brake application.
When this happens the brake pedal will feel
easier to push. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let the system work for you. You
may feel the brakes vibrate, or you may notice
some noise but this is normal. The brakes
will return to normal operation after the brake
pedal has been released.
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System
If your vehicle is equipped with this feature, engine
power is sent to all four wheels all the time. This
is like four-wheel drive, but it is fully automatic.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the
engine stops or the system is not functioning, you
can steer but it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
It is important to take curves at a reasonable
speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents
mentioned on the news happen on curves.
Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is
subject to the same laws of physics when driving
on curves. The traction of the tires against the
road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to
change its path when you turn the front wheels. If
there is no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle
going in the same direction. If you have ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you will
understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on
the condition of the tires and the road surface, the
angle at which the curve is banked, and your
speed. While you are in a curve, speed is the
one factor you can control.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have to
do their work where the tires meet the road.
Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You can lose control.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 283.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up
on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the
way you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you
should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted
speeds are based on good weather and road
conditions. Under less favorable conditions you will
want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while
the front wheels are straight ahead.
285
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive”
through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady
speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of
the curve, and then accelerate gently into
the straightaway.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 347.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more
effective than braking. For example, you come
over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane, or
a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a
child darts out from between parked cars and
stops right in front of you. You can avoid these
problems by braking — if you can stop in time. But
sometimes you cannot; there is not room. That
is the time for evasive action — steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First, apply the brakes. See Braking
on page 278. It is better to remove as much speed
as you can from a possible collision. Then steer
around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
286
An emergency like this requires close attention
and a quick decision. If you are holding the
steering wheel at the recommended 9 and
3 o’clock positions, you can turn it a full
180 degrees very quickly without removing either
hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly,
and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you
have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are
always possible is a good reason to practice
defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts
properly.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you are driving.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter
turn until the right front tire contacts the pavement
edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple
maneuver?
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below
the pavement, recovery should be fairly easy.
Ease off the accelerator and then, if there
is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle
straddles the edge of the pavement.
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a
two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move,
since the passing vehicle occupies the same
lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A
miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a
brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly
put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on
collision.
287
So here are some tips for passing:
• Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the
sides, and to crossroads for situations
that might affect your passing patterns. If you
have any doubt whatsoever about making
a successful pass, wait for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings,
and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead
that might indicate a turn or an intersection,
delay your pass. A broken center line
usually indicates it is all right to pass, providing
the road ahead is clear. Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid
line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want
to pass while you are awaiting an opportunity.
For one thing, following too closely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you are
following a larger vehicle. Also, you will not
have adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
288
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming
up, start to accelerate but stay in the right
lane and do not get too close. Time your move
so you will be increasing speed as the time
comes to move into the other lane. If the way
is clear to pass, you will have a running
start that more than makes up for the distance
you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel
your pass, you need only slow down and drop
back again and wait for another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow
vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that
someone is not trying to pass you as you pull
out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to
glance over your shoulder and check the
blind spot.
• Check your vehicle’s mirrors, glance over your
shoulder, and start your left lane change
signal before moving out of the right lane to
pass. When you are far enough ahead of
the passed vehicle to see its front in
your vehicle’s inside mirror, activate the right
lane change signal and move back into
the right lane. Remember that, if your vehicle’s
passenger side outside mirror is convex, the
vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a
time on two-lane roads. Reconsider before
passing the next vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too
rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are
not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting
to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough
friction where the tires meet the road to do what the
driver has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or
area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and
by not overdriving those conditions. But skids
are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your
vehicle’s three control systems. In the braking skid,
your wheels are not rolling. In the steering or
cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a
curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force.
And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle
causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
289
Remember: Any traction control system helps
avoid only the acceleration skid. If your traction
control system is off, then an acceleration
skid is also best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off
the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the
way you want the vehicle to go. If you start
steering quickly enough, your vehicle may
straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid
if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,
ice, gravel, or other material is on the road.
For safety, you will want to slow down and adjust
your driving to these conditions. It is important
to slow down on slippery surfaces because
stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control
more limited.
290
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or
braking, including reducing vehicle speed by
shifting to a lower gear. Any sudden changes could
cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the
surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding.
Learn to recognize warning clues — such as
enough water, ice, or packed snow on the road to
make a mirrored surface — and slow down when
you have any doubt.
Remember: Any Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
helps avoid only the braking skid.
Off-Road Driving
This off-road guide is for vehicles that have
all-wheel drive. If your vehicle does not have
all-wheel drive, you should not drive off-road unless
you are on a level, solid surface.
Many of the same design features that help make
your vehicle responsive on paved roads during
poor weather conditions — features like all-wheel
drive — help make it much better suited for
off-road use. Its higher ground clearance also
helps your vehicle step over some off-road
obstacles. But your vehicle does not have features
like special underbody shielding and a transfer
case low gear range, things that are usually
thought necessary for extended or severe off-road
service.
Also, see Braking on page 278.
The airbag system is designed to work properly
under a wide range of conditions, including off-road
usage. Observe safe driving speeds, especially
on rough terrain. As always, wear your safety belt.
Off-road driving can be great fun. But it does
have some definite hazards. The greatest of these
is the terrain itself.
“Off-roading” means you have left the North
American road system behind. Traffic lanes are
not marked. Curves are not banked. There are no
road signs. Surfaces can be slippery, rough,
uphill, or downhill. In short, you have gone right
back to nature.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that
is why it is very important that you read this
guide. You will find many driving tips and
suggestions. These will help make your off-road
driving safer and more enjoyable.
Before You Go Off-Roading
There are some things to do before you go out.
For example, be sure to have all necessary
maintenance and service work done. Check to
make sure all underbody shields, if the vehicle has
them, are properly attached. Is there enough
fuel? Is the spare tire fully inflated? Are the fluid
levels up where they should be? What are
the local laws that apply to off-roading where you
will be driving? If you do not know, you should
check with law enforcement people in the
area. Will you be on someone’s private land? If
so, be sure to get the necessary permission.
291
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road
Driving
{CAUTION:
• Cargo on the load floor piled higher
than the seatbacks can be thrown
forward during a sudden stop. You or
your passengers could be injured.
Keep cargo below the top of the
seatbacks.
• Unsecured cargo on the load floor can
be tossed about when driving over
rough terrain. You or your passengers
can be struck by flying objects.
Secure the cargo properly.
• Heavy loads on the roof raise the
vehicle’s center of gravity, making it
more likely to roll over. You can be
seriously or fatally injured if the
vehicle rolls over. Put heavy loads
inside the cargo area, not on the roof.
Keep cargo in the cargo area as far
forward and low as possible.
292
There are some important things to remember
about how to load your vehicle.
• The heaviest things should be on the load
floor and forward of your rear axle. Put
heavier items as far forward as you can.
• Be sure the load is secured properly, so
driving on the off-road terrain does not
toss things around.
You will find other important information in this
manual. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 322,
Luggage Carrier on page 154 and Tires on
page 398.
Environmental Concerns
Traveling to Remote Areas
Off-road driving can provide wholesome and
satisfying recreation. However, it also raises
environmental concerns. We recognize these
concerns and urge every off-roader to follow these
basic rules for protecting the environment:
• Always use established trails, roads, and areas
that have been specially set aside for public
off-road recreational driving; obey all
posted regulations.
• Avoid any driving practice that could damage
the environment — shrubs, flowers, trees,
grasses — or disturb wildlife. This includes
wheel-spinning, breaking down trees, or
unnecessary driving through streams or over
soft ground.
• Always carry a litter bag — make sure all
refuse is removed from any campsite
before leaving.
• Take extreme care with open fires where
permitted, camp stoves, and lanterns.
• Never park your vehicle over dry grass or
other combustible materials that could
catch fire from the heat of the vehicle’s
exhaust system.
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when
going to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan
your route. You are much less likely to get bad
surprises. Get accurate maps of trails and terrain.
Try to learn of any blocked or closed roads.
It is also a good idea to travel with at least one
other vehicle. If something happens to one
of them, the other can help quickly.
Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving
It is a good idea to practice in an area that is safe
and close to home before you go into the
wilderness. Off-road driving does require some new
and different driving skills. Here is what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals.
Your eyes, for example, need to constantly sweep
the terrain for unexpected obstacles. Your ears
need to listen for unusual tire or engine sounds.
With your arms, hands, feet, and body, you
will need to respond to vibrations and vehicle
bounce.
293
Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful
off-road driving. One of the best ways to control
your vehicle is to control your speed. Here are
some things to keep in mind. At higher speeds:
• You approach things faster and you have less
time to scan the terrain for obstacles.
• You have less time to react.
• You have more vehicle bounce when you drive
over obstacles.
• You will need more distance for braking,
especially since you are on an unpaved
surface.
{CAUTION:
When you are driving off-road, bouncing
and quick changes in direction can easily
throw you out of position. This could
cause you to lose control and crash. So,
whether you are driving on or off the road,
you and your passengers should wear
safety belts.
294
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different
kinds of terrain. You need to be familiar with
the terrain and its many different features. Here
are some things to consider.
Surface Conditions: Off-roading can take you
over hard-packed dirt, gravel, rocks, grass, sand,
mud, snow, or ice. Each of these surfaces
affects the steering, acceleration, and braking of
your vehicle in different ways. Depending upon the
kind of surface you are on, you may experience
slipping, sliding, wheel spinning, delayed
acceleration, poor traction, and longer braking
distances.
Surface Obstacles: Unseen or hidden obstacles
can be hazardous. A rock, log, hole, rut, or
bump can startle you if you are not prepared for
them. Often these obstacles are hidden by
grass, bushes, snow, or even the rise and fall of
the terrain itself. Here are some things to consider:
• Is the path ahead clear?
• Will the surface texture change abruptly up
ahead?
• Does the travel take you uphill or downhill?
There is more discussion of these subjects
later.
• Will you have to stop suddenly or change
direction quickly?
When you drive over obstacles or rough terrain,
keep a firm grip on the steering wheel. Ruts,
troughs, or other surface features can jerk
the wheel out of your hands if you are not
prepared.
Because you will be on an unpaved surface, it is
especially important to avoid sudden acceleration,
sudden turns, or sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kind
of alertness from driving on paved roads and
highways. There are no road signs, posted speed
limits, or signal lights. You have to use your
own good judgment about what is safe and what
is not.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on
any road. And this is certainly true for off-road
driving. At the very time you need special alertness
and driving skills, your reflexes, perceptions,
and judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You could have a serious — or
even fatal — accident if you drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking.
See Drunken Driving on page 275.
When you drive over bumps, rocks, or other
obstacles, your wheels can leave the ground. If
this happens, even with one or two wheels,
you cannot control the vehicle as well or at all.
295
Driving on Off-Road Hills
Approaching a Hill
Off-road driving often takes you up, down, or
across a hill. Driving safely on hills requires good
judgment and understanding of what your
vehicle can and cannot do. There are some hills
that simply cannot be driven, no matter how
well built the vehicle.
When you approach a hill, you need to decide if it
is one of those hills that is just too steep to
climb, descend, or cross. Steepness can be hard
to judge. On a very small hill, for example,
there may be a smooth, constant incline with only
a small change in elevation where you can
easily see all the way to the top. On a large hill,
the incline may get steeper as you near the
top, but you may not see this because the crest of
the hill is hidden by bushes, grass, or shrubs.
{CAUTION:
Many hills are simply too steep for any
vehicle. If you drive up them, you will
stall. If you drive down them, you cannot
control your speed. If you drive across
them, you will roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have any
doubt about the steepness, do not drive
the hill.
296
Here are some other things to consider as
you approach a hill.
• Is there a constant incline, or does the hill get
sharply steeper in places?
• Is there good traction on the hillside, or will
the surface cause tire slipping?
• Is there a straight path up or down the hill so
you will not have to make turning maneuvers?
• Are there obstructions on the hill that can
block your path, such as boulders, trees, logs,
or ruts?
• What is beyond the hill? Is there a cliff, an
embankment, a drop-off, a fence? Get out and
walk the hill if you do not know. It is the smart
way to find out.
• Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often
have ruts, gullies, troughs, and exposed rocks
because they are more susceptible to the
effects of erosion.
Driving Uphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill,
you need to take some special steps.
• Use a low gear and get a firm grip on the
steering wheel.
• Get a smooth start up the hill and try to
maintain your speed. Do not use more power
than you need, because you do not want
your wheels to start spinning or sliding.
• Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible.
If the path twists and turns, you might want to
find another route.
{CAUTION:
Turning or driving across steep hills can
be dangerous. You could lose traction,
slide sideways, and possibly roll over.
You could be seriously injured or killed.
When driving up hills, always try to go
straight up.
• Ease up on your speed as you approach the
top of the hill.
• Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more
visible to approaching traffic on trails or hills.
297
• Sound the horn as you approach the top of
the hill to let opposing traffic know you are
there.
• Use your headlamps, even during the day.
They make you more visible to oncoming
traffic.
{CAUTION:
Driving to the top (crest) of a hill at full
speed can cause an accident. There could
be a drop-off, embankment, cliff, or even
another vehicle. You could be seriously
injured or killed. As you near the top of a
hill, slow down and stay alert.
298
Q: What should I do if my vehicle stalls, or is
about to stall, and I cannot make it up
the hill?
A: If this happens, there are some things you
should do, and there are some things you
must not do. First, here is what you should do:
• Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle
and keep it from rolling backwards. Also, apply
the parking brake.
• If your engine is still running, shift the
transmission to REVERSE (R), release the
parking brake, and slowly back down the hill in
REVERSE (R).
• If your engine has stopped running, you will
need to restart it. With the brake pedal
pressed and the parking brake still applied,
shift the transmission to PARK (P) and restart
the engine. Then shift to REVERSE (R),
release the parking brake, and slowly back
down the hill as straight as possible in
REVERSE (R).
• As you are backing down the hill, put your left
hand on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock
position. This way you will be able to tell if your
wheels are straight and maneuver as you
back down. It is best that you back down the
hill with your wheels straight rather than in
the left or right direction. Turning the wheel too
far to the left or right will increase the
possibility of a rollover.
Here are some things you must not do if you stall,
or are about to stall, when going up a hill.
• Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting
into NEUTRAL (N) to rev-up the engine
and regain forward momentum. This will not
work. Your vehicle will roll backwards
very quickly and you could go out of control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop
the vehicle. Then apply the parking brake.
Shift to REVERSE (R), release the parking
brake, and slowly back straight down.
• Never attempt to turn around if you are about
to stall when going up a hill. If the hill is steep
enough to stall your vehicle, it is steep
enough to cause you to roll over if you turn
around. If you cannot make it up the hill, you
must back straight down the hill.
Q: Suppose, after stalling, I try to back down
the hill and decide I just cannot do it. What
should I do?
A: Set the parking brake, put the transmission in
PARK (P), and turn off the engine. Leave the
vehicle and go get some help. Exit on the
uphill side and stay clear of the path the
vehicle would take if it rolled downhill.
299
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you will want
to consider a number of things:
• How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to
maintain vehicle control?
• What is the surface like? Smooth? Rough?
Slippery? Hard-packed dirt? Gravel?
• Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts?
Logs? Boulders?
• What is at the bottom of the hill? Is there a
hidden creek bank or even a river bottom
with large rocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then
try to keep your vehicle headed straight down, and
use a low gear. This way, engine drag can help
the brakes and they will not have to do all
the work. Descend slowly, keeping your vehicle
under control at all times.
300
{CAUTION:
Heavy braking when going down a hill can
cause your brakes to overheat and fade.
This could cause loss of control and a
serious accident. Apply the brakes lightly
when descending a hill and use a low
gear to keep vehicle speed under control.
Q: Are there some things I should not do
when driving down a hill?
A: Yes! These are important because, if you
ignore them, you could lose control and have a
serious accident.
• When driving downhill, avoid turns that take you
across the incline of the hill. A hill that is not too
steep to drive down may be too steep to drive
across. You could roll over if you do not drive
straight down.
• Never go downhill with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N). This is called “free wheeling.”
The brakes will have to do all the work and
could overheat and fade.
Q: Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
A: It is much more likely to happen going
uphill. But if it happens going downhill, here is
what to do.
1. Stop your vehicle by applying the regular
brakes. Apply the parking brake.
2. Shift to PARK (P) and, while still braking,
restart the engine.
3. Shift back to a low gear, release the parking
brake, and drive straight down.
4. If the engine will not start, get out and
get help.
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probably go
across the incline of a hill. If this happens,
you have to decide whether to try to drive across
the incline. Here are some things to consider:
• A hill that can be driven straight up or down
may be too steep to drive across. When you go
straight up or down a hill, the length of the
wheel base — the distance from the front
wheels to the rear wheels — reduces the
likelihood the vehicle will tumble end over end.
But when you drive across an incline, the much
more narrow track width — the distance
between the left and right wheels — may not
prevent the vehicle from tilting and rolling over.
Also, driving across an incline puts more weight
on the downhill wheels. This could cause a
downhill slide or a rollover.
• Surface conditions can be a problem when you
drive across a hill. Loose gravel, muddy spots,
or even wet grass can cause your tires to slip
sideways, downhill. If the vehicle slips
sideways, it can hit something that will
trip it — a rock, a rut, etc. — and roll over.
301
• Hidden obstacles can make the steepness of
the incline even worse. If you drive across a
rock with the uphill wheels, or if the downhill
wheels drop into a rut or depression, your
vehicle can tilt even more.
For reasons like these, you need to decide
carefully whether to try to drive across an incline.
Just because the trail goes across the incline
does not mean you have to drive it. The last
vehicle to try it might have rolled over.
{CAUTION:
Driving across an incline that is too steep
will make your vehicle roll over. You could
be seriously injured or killed. If you have
any doubt about the steepness of the
incline, do not drive across it. Find
another route instead.
302
Q: What if I am driving across an incline that
is not too steep, but I hit some loose
gravel and start to slide downhill. What
should I do?
A: If you feel your vehicle starting to slide
sideways, turn downhill. This should help
straighten out the vehicle and prevent the side
slipping. However, a much better way to
prevent this is to get out and “walk the course”
so you know what the surface is like before
you drive it.
Stalling on an Incline
If your vehicle stalls when you are crossing an
incline, be sure you, and any passengers, get out
on the uphill side, even if the door there is
harder to open. If you get out on the downhill side
and the vehicle starts to roll over, you will be
right in its path.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the
path the vehicle will take if it does roll over.
{CAUTION:
Getting out on the downhill (low) side of a
vehicle stopped across an incline is
dangerous. If the vehicle rolls over, you
could be crushed or killed. Always get out
on the uphill (high) side of the vehicle and
stay well clear of the rollover path.
303
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow, or Ice
When you drive in mud, snow, or sand, the wheels
will not get good traction. You cannot accelerate
as quickly, turning is more difficult, and you
will need longer braking distances.
It is best to use a low gear when you are in
mud —the deeper the mud, the lower the gear. In
really deep mud, the idea is to keep your vehicle
moving so you do not get stuck.
When you drive on sand, you will sense a change
in wheel traction. But it will depend upon how
loosely packed the sand is. On loosely packed
sand, such as on beaches or sand dunes, the tires
will tend to sink into the sand. This has an effect
on steering, accelerating, and braking. Drive
at a reduced speed and avoid sharp turns
or abrupt maneuvers.
304
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire
traction. On these surfaces, it is very easy to lose
control. On wet ice, for example, the traction is
so poor that you will have difficulty accelerating.
And, if you do get moving, poor steering and
difficult braking can cause you to slide out
of control.
{CAUTION:
Driving on frozen lakes, ponds, or rivers
can be dangerous. Underwater springs,
currents under the ice, or sudden thaws
can weaken the ice. Your vehicle could
fall through the ice and you and your
passengers could drown. Drive your
vehicle on safe surfaces only.
Driving in Water
Heavy rain can mean flash flooding, and flood
waters demand extreme caution.
{CAUTION:
Find out how deep the water is before you drive
through it. If it is deep enough to cover your wheel
hubs, axles, or exhaust pipe, do not try it — you
probably will not get through. Also, water that deep
can damage the axle and other vehicle parts.
Driving through rushing water can be
dangerous. Deep water can sweep your
vehicle downstream and you and your
passengers could drown. If it is only
shallow water, it can still wash away the
ground from under your tires, and you
could lose traction and roll the vehicle
over. Do not drive through rushing water.
If the water is not too deep, drive slowly through it.
At faster speeds, water splashes on your
vehicle’s ignition system and your vehicle can
stall. Stalling can also occur if you get the tailpipe
under water. And, as long as the tailpipe is
under water, you will never be able to start the
engine. When you go through water, remember
that when the brakes get wet, it may take you
longer to stop.
See Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads on
page 308 for more information on driving through
water.
305
After Off-Road Driving
Driving at Night
Remove any brush or debris that has collected on
the underbody, chassis, or under the hood.
These accumulations can be a fire hazard.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to
be impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night
vision problems, or by fatigue.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake
linings cleaned and checked. These substances
can cause glazing and uneven braking. Check the
body structure, steering, suspension, wheels,
tires, and exhaust system for damage. Also, check
the fuel lines and cooling system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service
due to off-road use. Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule for additional information.
306
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust the inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you cannot see as well, you may need
to slow down and keep more space between
you and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your vehicle’s headlamps can light up only so
much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe
place and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as
much light to see the same thing at night as a
20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the
day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear
sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble
adjusting to night. But if you are driving, do not
wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on
glare from headlamps, but they also make a
lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or
even several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust
to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare,
as from a driver who does not lower the high
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps,
slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into
the approaching headlamps.
Keep the windshield and all the glass on your
vehicle clean — inside and out. Glare at night is
made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even
the inside of the glass can build up a film caused
by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and
flash more than clean glass would, making the
pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that the headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as the headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your
eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer
from night blindness — the inability to see in dim
light — and are not even aware of it.
307
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even
if your windshield wiper blades are in good
shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see
road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings,
the edge of the road, and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer fluid
reservoir filled with washer fluid. Replace your
windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of
streaking or missing areas on the windshield,
or when strips of rubber start to separate from the
inserts.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a
wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as
well because your tire-to-road traction is not as
good as on dry roads. And, if your tires do not have
much tread left, you will get even less traction. It is
always wise to go slower and be cautious if rain
starts to fall while you are driving. The surface may
get wet suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for
driving on dry pavement.
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{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They
may not work as well in a quick stop and
may cause pulling to one side. You could
lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of
water or a car wash, apply the brake pedal
lightly until the brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if
your tires do not have much tread or if the
pressure in one or more is low. It can happen if a
lot of water is standing on the road. If you can
see reflections from trees, telephone poles,
or other vehicles, and raindrops dimple the water’s
surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just is not a hard and fast rule about
hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down
when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Driving too fast through large water puddles or
even going through some car washes can cause
problems, too. The water may affect your brakes.
Try to avoid puddles. But if you cannot, try to slow
down before you hit them.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can
build up under your tires that they can actually ride
on the water. This can happen if the road is wet
enough and you are going fast enough. When your
vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact
with the road.
Notice: If you drive too quickly through
deep puddles or standing water, water can
come in through the engine’s air intake
and badly damage the engine. Never drive
through water that is slightly lower than the
underbody of your vehicle. If you cannot avoid
deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
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Driving Through Flowing Water
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Turn on your low-beam headlamps — not just
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you might at a low water
crossing, your vehicle can be carried
away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If
this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore
police warning signs, and otherwise be
very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
310
your parking lamps — to help make you more
visible to others.
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra
following distance. And be especially careful
when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself
more clear room ahead, and be prepared to
have your view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See
Tires on page 398.
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city
driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip
into an unknown part of the city just as you
would for a cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and
energy. See Freeway Driving on page 312.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A
traffic light is there because the corner is
busy enough to need it. When a light turns
green, and just before you start to move,
check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is
the amount of traffic on them. You will want
to watch out for what the other drivers are doing
and pay attention to traffic signals.
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Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is:
Keep up with traffic and keep to the right.
Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers
are driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks
a smooth traffic flow. Treat the left lane on
a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads
to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the
freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you
should begin to check traffic. Try to determine
where you expect to blend with the flow. Try to
merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed.
Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors, and
glance over your shoulder as often as necessary.
Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or
superhighways — are the safest of all roads. But
they have their own special rules.
312
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed
to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it
is slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want
to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then
use your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly
over your shoulder to make sure there is not
another vehicle in your blind spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make
certain you allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your
exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and
back up. Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite
sharply. The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your
speedometer, not to your sense of motion. After
driving for any distance at higher speeds, you may
tend to think you are going slower than you
actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If
you must start when you are not fresh — such
as after a day’s work — do not plan to make too
many miles that first part of the journey. Wear
comfortable clothing and shoes you can easily
drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it
needs service, have it done before starting out. Of
course, you will find experienced and able
service experts in GM dealerships all across North
America. They will be ready and willing to help
if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir
full? Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you
checked all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses
clean?
313
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough
for long-distance driving? Are the tires
all inflated to the recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather
outlook along your route? Should you
delay your trip a short time to avoid a major
storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as highway
hypnosis? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the
wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of
awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road
with the same scenery, along with the hum of
the tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and
the rush of the wind against the vehicle that
can make you sleepy. Do not let it happen to you!
If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in
less than a second, and you could crash and be
injured.
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What can you do about highway hypnosis? First,
be aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with
a comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your vehicle’s mirrors
and instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service, or parking area and take a nap, get
some exercise, or both. For safety, treat
drowsiness on the highway as an emergency.
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that
can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. See
Off-Road Driving on page 291 for information
about driving off-road.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all
fluid levels and also the brakes, tires,
cooling system, and transmission. These parts
can work hard on mountain roads.
{CAUTION:
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different
from driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you do not shift down, the brakes
could get so hot that they would not work
well. You would then have poor braking or
even none going down a hill. You could
crash. Shift down to let the engine assist
the brakes on a steep downhill slope.
315
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with
the ignition off is dangerous. The brakes
will have to do all the work of slowing
down. They could get so hot that they
would not work well. You would then have
poor braking or even none going down a
hill. You could crash. Always have the
engine running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when
you go down a steep or long hill.
316
down to a lower gear. The lower gears help
cool your engine and transmission, and you can
climb the hill better.
• Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at
speeds that let you stay in your own lane.
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
could be something in your lane, like a stalled
car or an accident.
• You may see highway signs on mountains that
warn of special problems. Examples are long
grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling
rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these
and take appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some
winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a
red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning
triangles. And, if you will be driving under severe
conditions, include a small bag of sand, a
piece of old carpet, or a couple of burlap bags to
help provide traction. Be sure you properly
secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where the tires
meet the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between the tires
and the road, you can have a very slippery
situation. You will have a lot less traction, or grip,
and will need to be very careful.
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency
supplies in your vehicle.
Also see Tires on page 398.
317
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed,
blowing, or loose snow — drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile
traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels
will spin and polish the surface under the tires
even more. See StabiliTrak® System on page 283
and Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out on
page 322. Also see “Winter Tires” under Tires on
page 398.
What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on.
But wet ice can be even more trouble because it
may offer the least traction of all. You can get
wet ice when it is about freezing, 32°F (0°C), and
freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
318
The Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) improves your
vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop
on a slippery road. Even though you have ABS,
you will want to begin stopping sooner than
you would on dry pavement. See Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) on page 279.
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
fine until you hit a spot that is covered with
ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice patches
may appear in shaded areas where the
sun cannot reach, such as around clumps of
trees, behind buildings, or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an
overpass may remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. If you see a
patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you are
actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in
a serious situation. You should probably stay
with your vehicle unless you know for sure that you
are near help and you can hike through the
snow. Here are some things to do to summon
help and keep yourself and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police
that you have been stopped by the snow.
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around
you. If you do not have blankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from
newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats — anything you can wrap around yourself
or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
319
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO
(carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. CO
could overcome you and kill you. You
cannot see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away
snow from around the base of your
vehicle, especially any that is blocking the
exhaust pipe. And check around again
from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be
careful.
Open a window just a little on the side of
the vehicle that is away from the wind.
This will help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This
saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a
little faster than just idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the
heat that you get and it keeps the battery charged.
320
You will need a well-charged battery to restart the
vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with
your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window
almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start
the engine again and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as
little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as
you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of
the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you
need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to spin
the wheels too fast. The method known as rocking
can help you get out when you are stuck, but you
must use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your vehicle’s tires spin at high
speed, they can explode, and you or
others could be injured. And, the
transmission or other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When
you are stuck, spin the wheels as little as
possible. Do not spin the wheels above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
Notice: Spinning the wheels can destroy parts
of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you
spin the wheels too fast while shifting
the transmission back and forth, you can
destroy the transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your
vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 422.
321
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
Loading Your Vehicle
First, turn the steering wheel left and right.
That will clear the area around the front wheels.
Turn the StabiliTrak® System off. See StabiliTrak®
System on page 283. Then shift back and forth
between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release
the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press
lightly on the accelerator pedal when the
transmission is in gear. By slowly spinning the
wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your
vehicle. If that does not get your vehicle out after
a few tries, it may need to be towed out. Or,
you can use the recovery hook if your vehicle has
one. If your vehicle does need to be towed out,
see Towing Your Vehicle on page 328.
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the
vehicle capacity weight and includes the weight of
all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installed
options. Two labels on your vehicle show how
much weight it may properly carry, the Tire and
Loading Information label and the Certification/Tire
label.
322
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
Tire and Loading Information Label
The Tire and Loading Information label also shows
the size of the original equipment tires (C) and
the recommended cold tire inflation pressures (D).
For more information on tires and inflation see
Tires on page 398 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 407.
There is also important loading information on the
vehicle Certification/Tire label. It tells you the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) and
the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for the
front and rear axle. See “Certification/Tire Label”
later in this section.
Label Example
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading Information
label is attached to the center pillar (B-pillar). With
the driver’s door open, you will find the label
attached below the door lock post (striker). The
tire and loading information label shows the
number of occupant seating positions (A), and the
maximum vehicle capacity weight (B) in kilograms
and pounds.
323
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined
weight of occupants and cargo should never
exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your
vehicle’s placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver
and passengers that will be riding in your
vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver
and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs.
4. The resulting figure equals the available
amount of cargo and luggage load capacity.
For example, if the “XXX” amount equals
1400 lbs and there will be five 150 lb
passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
324
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage
and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That
weight may not safely exceed the available
cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in
Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load
from your trailer will be transferred to your
vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how
this reduces the available cargo and luggage
load capacity of your vehicle.
If your vehicle can tow a trailer, see Towing a
Trailer on page 331 for important information
on towing a trailer, towing safety rules,
and trailering tips.
Example 1
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
Example 2
Total
Item
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
A
300 lbs (136 kg)
B
700 lbs (317 kg)
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
750 lbs (340 kg)
250 lbs (113 kg)
325
Certification/Tire Label
Example 3
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
(91 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
United States version shown, Canada similar
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s Tire and Loading
Information label for specific information about
your vehicle’s capacity weight and seating
positions. The combined weight of the driver,
passengers, and cargo should never exceed your
vehicle’s capacity weight.
326
A vehicle specific Certification/Tire label is
attached to either the driver’s door edge or the
lower center pillar on the driver’s side of the
vehicle. This label shows the gross weight capacity
of your vehicle and is called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, cargo,
and trailer tongue weight, if pulling a trailer.
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the
maximum weights for the front and rear axles,
called Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find
out the actual loads on your front and rear
axles, you need to go to a weigh station and
weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help you with
this. Be sure to spread out your load equally on
both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
GAWR for either the front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should
spread it out.
Similar appearing vehicles may have different
GVWRs and payloads. Please note the
Certification/Tire label on your truck or consult
your dealer for additional details.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
327
If you put things inside your vehicle — like
suitcases, tools, packages, or anything else — they
will go as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to
stop or turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they will
keep going.
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can
strike and injure people in a sudden stop
or turn, or in a crash.
• Put things in the cargo area of your
vehicle. Try to spread the weight
evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like
suitcases, inside the vehicle so that
some of them are above the tops of
the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child
restraint in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down
unless you need to.
328
There is also important loading information for
off-road driving in this manual. See Off-Road
Driving on page 291.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing
service if you need to have your disabled vehicle
towed. See Roadside Service on page 493.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another
vehicle for recreational purposes (such as behind
a motorhome), see Recreational Vehicle Towing
following.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your
vehicle behind another vehicle – such as behind a
motorhome. The two most common types of
recreational vehicle towing are known as “dinghy
towing” (towing your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground) and “dolly towing” (towing
your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See
“Dinghy Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
Here are some important things to consider before
you do recreational vehicle towing:
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they
can tow.
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional
for additional advice and equipment
recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as
you would prepare your vehicle for a long
trip, you’ll want to make sure your vehicle is
prepared to be towed. See Before Leaving on
a Long Trip on page 313.
Dinghy Towing
Notice: If you tow your vehicle with all
four wheels on the ground, the drivetrain
components could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Do not
tow your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground.
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with
all four wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must
be towed, see “Dolly Towing” following for more
information.
Dolly Towing
Notice: Towing an all-wheel-drive vehicle with
all four wheels on the ground, or even with
only two of its wheels on the ground, will
damage drivetrain components. Do not tow an
all-wheel-drive vehicle if any of its wheels
will be on the ground.
329
If you have a Rear-Wheel Drive (RWD) vehicle, it
can be towed using a dolly. If you have an
All-Wheel-Drive (AWD) vehicle, it can only be
towed on a flat-bed trailer. To tow your RWD
vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the rear wheels on the dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove
the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position with a clamping device designed for
towing.
5. Release the parking brake.
Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level
as the load changes. It’s automatic — you
don’t need to adjust anything.
330
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment
and drive properly, you can lose control
when you pull a trailer. For example, if the
trailer is too heavy, the brakes may not
work well — or even at all. You and your
passengers could be seriously injured.
You may also damage your vehicle; the
resulting repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Pull a trailer only if you
have followed all the steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice and
information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
Trailering means changes in handling, acceleration,
braking, durability and fuel economy. Successful,
safe trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to
be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety
rules. Many of these are important for your safety
and that of your passengers. So please read
this section carefully before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine,
transmission, rear axle, wheel assemblies and tires
are forced to work harder against the drag of
the added weight. The engine is required
to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more,
the trailer adds considerably to wind resistance,
increasing the pulling requirements.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with
the proper trailer towing equipment. To identify
the trailering capacity of your vehicle, you should
read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
331
If You Do Decide to Pull a Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed
limit restrictions, having to do with trailering.
Make sure your rig will be legal, not only where
you live but also where you’ll be driving. A
good source for this information can be state
or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. You can ask a
hitch dealer about sway controls.
• Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first
500 miles (805 km) your new vehicle is driven.
Your engine, axle or other parts could be
damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (805 km) that
you tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph
(80 km/h) and don’t make starts at full throttle.
This helps your engine and other parts of
your vehicle wear in at the heavier loads.
332
• Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a
trailer. Don’t drive faster than the maximum
posted speed for trailers, or no more than
55 mph (90 km/h), to save wear on your
vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with
weight:
• the weight of the trailer
• the weight of the trailer tongue
• and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires
Tow/Haul Mode
Press this button,
located on the console,
to enable/disable the
tow/haul mode.
Tow/haul is designed to assist while your vehicle
is pulling a large or heavy load or trailer.
Tow/haul is most useful while pulling such a load
in rolling terrain, in stop-and-go traffic, or when
you need improved low-speed control, such
as when parking. The purpose of the tow/haul
mode is to do the following:
• Reduce the frequency and improve the
predictability of transmission shifts when
pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
• Provide the same solid shift feel when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load as when
the vehicle is unloaded.
• Improve control of vehicle speed while
requiring less throttle pedal activity when
pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
The vehicle will automatically turn off tow/haul
every time it is started.
Tow/haul is designed to be most effective
when the vehicle and trailer combined weight is at
least 75 percent of the vehicle’s Gross
Combination Weight Rating (GCWR). See “Weight
of the Trailer” later in this section.
Driving with tow/haul activated without a heavy
load or with no trailer will cause reduced fuel
economy and unpleasant engine and transmission
driving characteristics, but will not cause
damage.
A light on the instrument
panel will illuminate to
indicate that tow/haul
mode has been
selected.
333
Operating the vehicle in tow/haul when lightly
loaded or with no trailer at all will not cause
damage. However, there is no benefit to the
selection of tow/haul when the vehicle is unloaded.
Such a selection when unloaded may result in
unpleasant engine and transmission driving
characteristics and reduced fuel economy.
Tow/haul is recommended only when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
Look in the following chart to find the maximum
trailer weight for your vehicle.
Weight of the Trailer
*The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is
the total allowable weight of the completely loaded
vehicle and trailer including any passengers, cargo,
equipment and conversions. The GCWR for your
vehicle should not be exceeded.
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to
pull a trailer are all important. It can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on
your vehicle, and the amount of tongue weight the
vehicle can carry. See “Weight of the Trailer
Tongue” later in this section for more information.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming
only the driver is in the tow vehicle and it has all
the required trailering equipment. The weight
of additional optional equipment, passengers and
cargo in the tow vehicle must be subtracted
from the maximum trailer weight.
334
Package
Base
V92
Maximum
Trailer Weight
2,000 lbs
(907 kg)
4,250 lbs
(1 928 kg)
*GCWR
6,853 lbs
(3 808 kg)
9,353 lbs
(4 242 kg)
You can ask your dealer for our trailering
information or advice, or you can write us at:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa,
Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total
or gross weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle
Weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the
vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it, and
the people who will be riding in the vehicle. If you
have a lot of options, equipment, passengers
or cargo in the vehicle, it will reduce the tongue
weight your vehicle can carry, which will also
reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow. And
if you tow a trailer, you must add the tongue
load to the GVW because your vehicle will
be carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 322 for more information
about your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue (A)
should weigh 10-15 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer
and then the tongue, separately, to see if the
weights are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able
to get them right simply by moving some items
around in the trailer.
Trailering may also be limited by the vehicle’s ability
to carry tongue weight. Tongue weight cannot
cause the vehicle to exceed the GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) or the RGAWR (Rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating). The effect of additional weight
may reduce your trailering capacity more than the
total of the additional weight.
335
Consider the following example:
A vehicle model base weight is 5,500 lbs
(2 495 kg); 2,800 lbs (1 270 kg) at the front axle
and 2,700 lbs (1 225 kg) at the rear axle. It
has a GVWR of 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg), a RGAWR
of 4,000 lbs (1 814 kg) and a GCWR (Gross
Combination Weight Rating) of 14,000 lbs
(6 350 kg). The trailer rating should be:
You can expect tongue weight to be at least
10 percent of trailer weight (850 lbs (386 kg)) and
because the weight is applied well behind the rear
axle, the effect on the rear axle will be greater than
just the weight itself, as much as 1.5 times as much.
The weight at the rear axle could be 850 lbs
(386 kg) X 1.5 = 1,275 lbs (578 kg). Since the rear
axle already weighs 2,700 lbs (1 225 kg), adding
1,275 lbs (578 kg) brings the total to 3,975 lbs
(1 803 kg).
336
This is very close to, but within the limit for RGAWR
as well. The vehicle is set to trailer up to 8,500 lbs
(3 856 kg).
But let’s say your specific vehicle is equipped with
some of the latest options and you have a front
seat passenger and two rear seat passengers with
some luggage and gear in the vehicle as well.
You may add 300 lbs (136 kg) to the front
axle weight and 400 lbs (181 kg) to the rear axle
weight. Your vehicle now weighs:
Weight is still below 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg) and you
may think that you should subtract 700 additional
pounds (318 kg) from your trailering capacity to
stay within GCWR limits. Your maximum trailer
would only be 7,800 lbs (3 538 kg). You may go
further and think you must limit tongue weight to
less than 1,000 lbs (454 kg) to avoid exceeding
GVWR. But, you must still consider the effect on the
rear axle.
Because your rear axle now weighs 3,100 lbs
(1 406 kg), you can only put 900 lbs (408 kg) on the
rear axle without exceeding RGAWR. The effect of
tongue weight is about
1.5 times the actual weight. Dividing the 900 lbs
(408 kg) by 1.5 leaves you with being able to
handle only 600 lbs (272 kg) of tongue weight.
Since tongue weight is usually at least 10 percent of
total loaded trailer weight, you can expect that the
largest trailer your vehicle can properly handle is
6,000 lbs (2 721 kg).
It is important that you make sure your vehicle
does not exceed any of its ratings — GCWR,
GVWR, RGAWR, Maximum Trailer Rating
or Tongue Weight. The only way to be sure you
are not exceeding any of these ratings is to weigh
your vehicle and trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough
roads are a few reasons why you’ll need the right
hitch. Here are some rules to follow:
• The rear bumper on your vehicle is not
intended for hitches. Do not attach rental
hitches or other bumper-type hitches to it. Use
only a frame-mounted hitch that does not
attach to the bumper.
• Will you have to make any holes in the body
of your vehicle when you install a trailer
hitch? If you do, then be sure to seal the holes
later when you remove the hitch. If you
don’t seal them, deadly carbon monoxide (CO)
from your exhaust can get into your vehicle.
See Engine Exhaust on page 132. Dirt
and water can, too.
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the
upper limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers
on the Certification/Tire label. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 322. Then be sure you don’t
go over the GVW limit for your vehicle, including
the weight of the trailer tongue.
337
Safety Chains
Driving with a Trailer
You should always attach chains between your
vehicle and your trailer. Cross the safety
chains under the tongue of the trailer so that the
tongue will not drop to the road if it becomes
separated from the hitch. Instructions about safety
chains may be provided by the hitch manufacturer
or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the
bumper. Always leave just enough slack so you
can turn with your rig. And, never allow safety
chains to drag on the ground.
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of
experience. Before setting out for the open road,
you’ll want to get to know your rig. Acquaint
yourself with the feel of handling and braking with
the added weight of the trailer. And always
keep in mind that the vehicle you are driving is
now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Trailer Brakes
If you tow more than 1,000 lbs (450 kg), use trailer
brakes. Because your vehicle has anti-lock
brakes, don’t try to tap into your vehicle’s hydraulic
brake system. If you do, both brake systems
won’t work well, or at all.
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the
trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust
and maintain them properly.
338
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer
moving and then apply the trailer brake controller
by hand to be sure the brakes are working.
This lets you check your electrical connection at
the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure
that the load is secure, and that the lamps and any
trailer brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Making Turns
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead
as you would when driving your vehicle without
a trailer. This can help you avoid situations
that require heavy braking and sudden turns.
Notice: Making very sharp turns while
trailering could cause the trailer to come in
contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be
damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns while
trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer
won’t strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs,
trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden
maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a
good deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before you can
return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one
hand. Then, to move the trailer to the left,
just move that hand to the left. To move the trailer
to the right, move your hand to the right. Always
back up slowly and, if possible, have someone
guide you.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring.
Check with your dealer. The arrows on your
instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a
turn or lane change. Properly hooked up, the
trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers
you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs
on the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think
drivers behind you are seeing your signal when
they are not. It’s important to check occasionally to
be sure the trailer bulbs are still working.
339
Driving on Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you
start down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t
shift down, you might have to use your brakes so
much that they would get hot and no longer
work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce
your speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce
the possibility of the engine and the transmission
overheating.
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle,
with a trailer attached, on a hill. If
something goes wrong, your rig could
start to move. People can be injured, and
both your vehicle and the trailer can be
damaged.
340
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill,
here’s how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P).
When parking uphill, turn your wheels away
from the curb. When parking downhill,
turn your wheels into the curb.
2. Have someone place chocks behind the trailer
wheels.
3. When the chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake and shift into PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal
down while you:
• start your engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the
chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when
you’re pulling a trailer. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 471 for more information.
Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, drive belt,
cooling system and brake system. Each of these
is covered in this manual, and the Index will
help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s
a good idea to review this information before
you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and
bolts are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat
during severe operating conditions. See Engine
Overheating on page 372.
341
✍ NOTES
342
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ........................................................ 346
Accessories and Modifications ................... 347
California Proposition 65 Warning .............. 347
Doing Your Own Service Work .................. 348
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .......................................... 348
Fuel ............................................................. 349
Gasoline Octane ........................................ 349
Gasoline Specifications .............................. 350
California Fuel ........................................... 350
Additives ................................................... 350
Fuels in Foreign Countries ........................ 351
Filling the Tank ......................................... 352
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ............... 354
Checking Things Under the Hood .............. 354
Hood Release ........................................... 355
Engine Compartment Overview .................. 356
Engine Oil ................................................. 360
Engine Oil Life System .............................. 363
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ............................ 365
Automatic Transmission Fluid .................... 367
Engine Coolant .......................................... 368
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............ 371
Engine Overheating ................................... 372
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ..................................... 374
Cooling System ......................................... 374
Power Steering Fluid ................................. 379
Windshield Washer Fluid ........................... 380
Brakes ...................................................... 381
Battery ...................................................... 385
Jump Starting ............................................ 386
All-Wheel Drive ........................................... 392
Rear Axle .................................................... 394
Front Axle ................................................... 395
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 396
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ..... 396
Halogen Bulbs ........................................... 396
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ....... 397
343
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Tires ............................................................ 398
Winter Tires .............................................. 400
Tire Sidewall Labeling ............................... 401
Tire Terminology and Definitions ............... 404
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................. 407
High-Speed Operation ............................... 409
Tire Pressure Monitor System ................... 410
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...................... 414
When It Is Time for New Tires .................. 416
Buying New Tires ...................................... 416
Different Size Tires and Wheels ................ 418
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..................... 419
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ............ 420
Wheel Replacement .................................. 421
Tire Chains ............................................... 422
If a Tire Goes Flat .................................... 423
Changing a Flat Tire ................................. 424
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools .......... 426
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire ....................................... 429
Secondary Latch System ........................... 436
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ...... 439
Compact Spare Tire .................................. 442
344
Appearance Care ........................................ 443
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .......... 443
Fabric/Carpet ............................................. 445
Leather ...................................................... 446
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces ..................................... 446
Wood Panels ............................................. 447
Speaker Covers ........................................ 447
Care of Safety Belts .................................. 447
Weatherstrips ............................................ 447
Washing Your Vehicle ............................... 447
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ................ 448
Finish Care ............................................... 448
Windshield and Wiper Blades .................... 449
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ......... 449
Tires ......................................................... 450
Sheet Metal Damage ................................. 450
Finish Damage .......................................... 451
Underbody Maintenance ............................ 451
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................ 451
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ............ 452
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Vehicle Identification .................................. 453
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ........... 453
Service Parts Identification Label ............... 453
Electrical System ........................................ 454
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..................... 454
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................ 454
Power Windows and Other Power
Options .................................................. 454
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ....................... 455
Underhood Fuse Block .............................. 455
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
(Left Side) .............................................. 460
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
(Right Side) ........................................... 462
Capacities and Specifications .................... 464
345
Service
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you will go
to your dealer for all your service needs. You will
get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and
supported service people.
346
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all
GM. Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Accessories and Modifications
California Proposition 65 Warning
When you add non-GM accessories to your vehicle
they can affect your vehicle’s performance and
safety, including such things as, airbags, braking,
stability, ride and handling, emissions systems,
aerodynamics, durability, and electronic systems
like anti-lock brakes, traction control and
stability control. Some of these accessories may
even cause malfunction or damage not covered by
warranty.
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain
and/or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and
systems (including some inside the vehicle), many
fluids, and some component wear by-products
contain and/or emit these chemicals.
GM Accessories are designed to complement and
function with other systems on your vehicle.
Your GM dealer can accessorize your vehicle
using genuine GM Accessories. When you go to
your GM dealer and ask for GM Accessories,
you will know that GM-trained and supported
service technicians will perform the work using
genuine GM Accessories.
347
Doing Your Own Service Work
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could
be damaged if you try to do service work
on a vehicle without knowing enough
about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement
parts, and tools before you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts,
and other fasteners. English and metric
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
If you want to do some of your own service work,
you should use the proper service manual. It
tells you much more about how to service your
vehicle than this manual can. To order the proper
service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 505.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to do your own service work, see
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on
page 87.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts
and list the mileage and the date of any service
work you perform. See Maintenance Record
on page 484.
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your
vehicle can affect the airflow around it. This may
cause wind noise and affect windshield washer
performance. Check with your dealer before
adding equipment to the outside of your vehicle.
348
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part
of the proper maintenance of your vehicle. To
help keep your engine clean and maintain optimum
vehicle performance, GM recommends the use
of gasoline advertised as TOP TIER Detergent
Gasoline.
The 8th digit of your Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) shows the code letter or number that
identifies your engine. You will find the VIN at the
top left of the instrument panel. See Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN) on page 453.
Gasoline Octane
If your vehicle has the 3.6L V6 engine
(VIN Code 7), use regular unleaded gasoline
with a posted octane rating of 87 or higher. For best
performance or trailer towing, you may choose to
use middle grade 89 octane unleaded gasoline.
If the octane rating is less than 87, you may notice
an audible knocking noise when you drive,
commonly referred to as spark knock. If this occurs,
use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as soon
as possible. If you are using gasoline rated at
87 octane or higher and you hear heavy knocking,
your engine needs service.
If your vehicle has the 4.6L V8 engine (VIN Code
A), use premium unleaded gasoline with a posted
octane rating of 91 or higher. You may also use
regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher, but your vehicle’s acceleration may be
slightly reduced, and you may notice a slight
audible knocking noise, commonly referred to as
spark knock. If the octane is less than 87, you may
notice a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If
this occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher as soon as possible. Otherwise, you might
damage your engine. If you are using gasoline
rated at 87 octane or higher and you hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service.
349
Gasoline Specifications
At a minimum, gasoline should meet ASTM
specification D 4814 in the United States or
CAN/CGSB-3.5 in Canada. Some gasolines may
contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT). General Motors recommends against the
use of gasolines containing MMT. See Additives
on page 350 for additional information.
California Fuel
If your vehicle is certified to meet California
Emissions Standards, it is designed to operate on
fuels that meet California specifications. See
the underhood emission control label. If this fuel is
not available in states adopting California
emissions standards, your vehicle will operate
satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction
indicator lamp may turn on and your vehicle may
fail a smog-check test.
350
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 208. If
this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is
caused by the type of fuel used, repairs may
not be covered by your warranty.
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United
States are now required to contain additives
that will help prevent engine and fuel system
deposits from forming, allowing your emission
control system to work properly. In most cases,
you should not have to add anything to your fuel.
However, some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
To help keep fuel injectors and intake valves clean,
or if your vehicle experiences problems due to
dirty injectors or valves, look for gasoline that is
advertised as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline. Also,
your dealer has additives that will help correct
and prevent most deposit-related problems.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers
and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be
available in your area. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines if they
comply with the specifications described earlier.
However, E85 (85% ethanol) and other fuels
containing more than 10% ethanol must not be
used in vehicles that were not designed for
those fuels.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for
fuel that contains methanol. Do not use
fuel containing methanol. It can corrode metal
parts in the fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage would
not be covered under your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing
additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you
buy gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT.
General Motors recommends against the use of
such gasolines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce
the life of spark plugs and the performance of
the emission control system may be affected. The
malfunction indicator lamp may turn on. If this
occurs, return to your dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside
the United States or Canada, the proper fuel might
be hard to find. Never use leaded gasoline or
any other fuel not recommended in the previous
text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of
improper fuel would not be covered by your
warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business
in the country where you will be driving.
351
Filling the Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire
can cause bad injuries. To help avoid
injuries to you and others, read and follow
all the instructions on the pump island.
Turn off your engine when you are
refueling. Do not smoke if you are near
fuel or refueling your vehicle. Do not use
cellular phones. Keep sparks, flames, and
smoking materials away from fuel. Do not
leave the fuel pump unattended when
refueling your vehicle. This is against the
law in some places. Do not re-enter
vehicle while pumping fuel. Keep children
away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
352
The tethered fuel cap is
located behind a hinged
fuel door on the
passenger’s side of the
vehicle.
To open the fuel door, apply pressure in the center
of the rear edge of the fuel door and it will pop open.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly
counterclockwise. The fuel cap has a spring in it; if
the cap is released too soon, it will spring back
to the right.
While refueling, hang the tethered fuel cap from
the hook on the fuel door.
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel
can spray out on you if you open the fuel
cap too quickly. This spray can happen if
your tank is nearly full, and is more likely
in hot weather. Open the fuel cap slowly
and wait for any hiss noise to stop. Then
unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill
the tank, and wait a few seconds after you have
finished pumping before removing the nozzle.
Clean fuel from painted surfaces as soon as
possible. See Washing Your Vehicle on page 447.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it clockwise until it
clicks. Make sure the cap is fully installed. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. This would
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. See
Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 208.
The TIGHTEN GAS CAP message will appear on
the Driver Information Center (DIC) display if
the fuel cap is not reinstalled properly. See DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 220 for
more information.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling,
do not remove the nozzle. Shut off the
flow of fuel by shutting off the pump or
by notifying the station attendant. Leave
the area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to
get the right type. Your dealer can get one
for you. If you get the wrong type, it may not
fit properly. This may cause your malfunction
indicator lamp to light and may damage
your fuel tank and emissions system. See
Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 208.
353
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it
is in your vehicle. Static electricity
discharge from the container can ignite the
gasoline vapor. You can be badly burned
and your vehicle damaged if this occurs.
To help avoid injury to you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup
bed, or on any surface other than the
ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before
operating the nozzle. Contact should
be maintained until the filling is
complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
• Do not use a cellular phone while
pumping gasoline.
354
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing, and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine
parts and start a fire. These include
liquids like fuel, oil, coolant, brake fluid,
windshield washer and other fluids, and
plastic or rubber. You or others could be
burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the hood
release lever with
this symbol on
it. It is located inside
the vehicle on the
lower left side of the
instrument panel.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release lever. The lever is
located under the front edge of the grille near
the center. Move the release lever to the side
and raise the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler
caps are on properly. Then pull the hood down
and close it firmly.
355
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 3.6L V6 engine, you will see the following:
356
A. Underhood Fuse Block. See Underhood Fuse
Block on page 455.
B. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See
“Adding Washer Fluid” under Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 380.
C. Battery. See Battery on page 385.
D. Passenger Compartment Air Filter. See
Passenger Compartment Air Filter on page 195.
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power
Steering Fluid on page 379.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine
Oil” under Engine Oil on page 360.
G. Engine Oil Dipstick (Out of View). See
“Checking Engine Oil” under Engine Oil on
page 360.
H. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See “Brake
Fluid” under Brakes on page 381.
I. Engine Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap.
See Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap on
page 371 and Cooling System on page 374.
J. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 365.
357
When you open the hood on the 4.6L V8 engine, you will see the following:
358
A. Underhood Fuse Block. See Underhood Fuse
Block on page 455.
B. Battery. See Battery on page 385.
C. Passenger Compartment Air Filter. See
Passenger Compartment Air Filter on page 195.
D. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See
“Adding Washer Fluid” under Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 380.
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power
Steering Fluid on page 379.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine
Oil” under Engine Oil on page 360.
G. Engine Oil Dipstick (Out of View). See
“Checking Engine Oil” under Engine Oil on
page 360.
H. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See “Brake
Fluid” under Brakes on page 381.
I. Engine Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap.
See Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap on
page 371 and Cooling System on page 374.
J. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 365.
359
Checking Engine Oil
Engine Oil
Your vehicle may have
an oil pressure light on
the instrument cluster.
It is a good idea to check the engine oil every time
you get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading,
the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be
on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 356
for the location of the engine oil dipstick.
There is also an OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP
ENGINE message on the Driver Information
Center (DIC). If the light and/or message appears,
check the engine oil level right away. For more
information, see “OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP
ENGINE” under DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 220 and Oil Pressure Light on page 211.
You should check the engine oil level regularly;
this is an added reminder.
360
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil
several minutes to drain back into the oil pan.
If you do not do this, the oil dipstick might
not show the actual level.
2. Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper
towel or cloth, then push it back in all the
way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down,
and check the level.
When to Add Engine Oil
3.6L V6 Engine
4.6L V8 Engine
If the oil is below the cross-hatched area at the tip
of the dipstick, you need to add at least one
quart/liter of oil. But you must use the right kind.
This section explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see Capacities
and Specifications on page 464.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If the engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets above
the cross-hatched area that shows the
proper operating range, the engine could be
damaged.
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 356 for the
location of the engine
oil fill cap.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating range. Push the
dipstick all the way back in when you are through.
361
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for two things:
• GM4718M
Your vehicle’s engine requires a special oil
meeting GM Standard GM4718M. Oils meeting
this standard may be identified as synthetic.
However, not all synthetic oils will meet
this GM standard. Look for and use only an oil
that meets GM Standard GM4718M.
362
Notice: If you use oils that do not have the
GM4718M Standard designation, you can cause
engine damage not covered by your warranty.
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is
best for your vehicle.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other
viscosity oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should
also have the starburst
symbol on the
container. This symbol
indicates that the oil
has been certified by the
American Petroleum
Institute (API).
Look for this on the oil container, and use only
those oils that are identified as meeting GM
Standard GM4718M and have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
Your vehicle’s engine is filled at the factory with a
Mobil 1® synthetic oil, which meets all
requirements for your vehicle.
Substitute Engine Oil: When adding oil to maintain
engine oil level, oil meeting GM Standard
GM4718M may not be available. You can add
substitute oil designated SAE 5W-30 with
the starburst symbol at all temperatures. Substitute
oil not meeting GM Standard GM4718M should
not be used for an oil change.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to the oil. The recommended
oils with the starburst symbol that meet GM
standards are all you need for good performance
and engine protection.
Engine Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you
know when to change the engine oil and filter.
This is based on engine revolutions and engine
temperature, and not on mileage. Based on driving
conditions, the mileage at which an oil change
will be indicated can vary considerably. For the oil
life system to work properly, you must reset the
system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has
been diminished, it will indicate that an oil change
is necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
message in the DIC will come on. Change the oil
as soon as possible within the next 600 miles
(1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the oil life system may
not indicate that an oil change is necessary for
over a year.
363
However, the engine oil and filter must be changed
at least once a year and at this time the system
must be reset. Your dealer has GM-trained service
people who will perform this work using genuine
GM parts and reset the system. It is also important
to check the oil regularly and keep it at the
proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change the oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since
your last oil change. Remember to reset the oil life
system whenever the oil is changed.
After the oil has been changed, the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL SOON message and the oil
life indicator must be reset.
How to Reset the Engine Oil Life
System
The Engine Oil Life System calculates when to
change the engine oil and filter based on vehicle
use. Anytime your oil is changed, reset the
system so it can calculate when the next oil
change is required. If a situation occurs where you
change your oil prior to a CHANGE ENGINE
OIL SOON message coming on, reset the system.
Always reset the engine oil life to 100% after
every oil change. It will not reset itself. To reset
the Engine Oil Life System, do the following:
1. Display the OIL LIFE REMAINING on the
DIC. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 220.
2. Press and hold the SET/RESET button on
the DIC for more than five seconds. The oil
life will change to 100%.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
comes back on when you start your vehicle,
the Engine Oil Life System has not reset.
Repeat the procedure.
364
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may
be unhealthy for your skin and could even cause
cancer. Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very
long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly
dispose of clothing or rags containing used engine
oil. See the manufacturer’s warnings about the use
and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by
putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used
oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of
used oil, ask your dealer, a service station, or a
local recycling center for help.
4.6L V8 shown, 3.6L V6 similar
The engine air cleaner/filter is in the engine
compartment on the driver’s side of the vehicle,
near the front. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 356 for more information on location.
365
When to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at the Maintenance II
intervals and replace it at the first oil change
after each 50,000 mile (83 000 km) interval.
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 471 for
more information. If you are driving in dusty/dirty
conditions, inspect the filter at each engine
oil change.
How to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter remove the filter
from the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to
release loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains
caked with dirt, a new filter is required.
To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:
1. Remove the two screws located on the top
of the cover.
2. Disconnect the coolant recovery hose so that
it is not going across the top of the engine
air cleaner/filter.
3. The two sides of the airbox are hinged at the
bottom. Open the airbox by pushing the top of
the airbox cover toward the engine.
366
4. Remove the air filter by lifting it straight up
through the opening in the airbox.
5. Inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
See Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
on page 482 for the correct part number
for the filter.
6. Reinstall the cover by reversing
Steps 1 through 4.
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/
filter off can cause you or others to be
burned. The air cleaner not only cleans the
air; it helps to stop flames if the engine
backfires. If it is not there and the engine
backfires, you could be burned. Do not
drive with it off, and be careful working on
the engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire
can cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt
can easily get into your engine, which will
damage it. Always have the air cleaner/filter
in place when you are driving.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
How to Check Automatic
Transmission Fluid
It is not necessary to check the transmission
fluid level. A transmission fluid leak is the only
reason for fluid loss. If a leak occurs, take
the vehicle to the dealership service department
and have it repaired as soon as possible.
Notice: Use of the incorrect automatic
transmission fluid may damage your vehicle,
and the damages may not be covered by
your warranty. Always use the automatic
transmission fluid listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 480.
Change the fluid and filter at the intervals listed in
Additional Required Services on page 473, and
be sure to use the fluid listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 480.
There is a special procedure for checking and
changing the transmission fluid. Because
this procedure is difficult, you should have this
done at the dealership service department.
Contact your dealer for additional information or
the procedure can be found in the service manual.
To purchase a service manual, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 505.
367
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is
designed to remain in your vehicle for five years or
150,000 miles (240 000 km), whichever occurs
first, if you add only DEX-COOL® extended
life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and
how to add coolant when it is low. If you have
a problem with engine overheating, see Engine
Overheating on page 372.
368
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down to
−34°F (−37°C).
• Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine temperature.
• Allow the warning lights and gages to work as
they should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core, or
radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing sooner, at the
first maintenance service after each
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water
and one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will
not damage aluminum parts. If you use this coolant
mixture, you do not need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant
mixture, your engine could overheat and be
badly damaged. The repair cost would not be
covered by your warranty. Too much water
in the mixture can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core, and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than once or
twice a year, have your dealer check your
cooling system.
Notice: If you use extra inhibitors and/or
additives in your vehicle’s cooling system, you
could damage your vehicle. Use only the
proper mixture of the engine coolant listed in
this manual for the cooling system. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 480 for more information.
369
Checking Coolant
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when
the engine and radiator are hot can allow
steam and scalding liquids to blow out
and burn you badly. Never turn the surge
tank pressure cap — even a little — when
the engine and radiator are hot.
The coolant surge tank and pressure cap are
located on the driver’s side of the vehicle, toward
the rear of the engine compartment. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 356 for
more information on location.
370
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When
your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
the FULL COLD/FROID line on the side of the
surge tank. Follow the arrow from the top of
the tank down the side to the horizontal mark.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture at the surge tank,
but only when the engine is cool.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol, and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly
installed, coolant loss and possible engine
damage may occur. Be sure the cap is properly
and tightly secured.
The coolant surge tank pressure cap must be fully
installed on the coolant surge tank. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 356 for more
information on location.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight and fully seated.
371
Engine Overheating
There are two engine hot messages that could be
displayed in the Driver Information Center (DIC).
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 220
for more information.
If the engine is overheating, then you will find a
coolant temperature gage and a coolant warning
light on the instrument panel. See Engine
Coolant Temperature Gage on page 207 and
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light on
page 206 for more information.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can
burn you badly, even if you just open the
hood. Stay away from the engine if you
see or hear steam coming from it. Turn
it off and get everyone away from the
CAUTION:
372
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant
before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when the vehicles
engine is overheated, the liquids in it can
catch fire. You or others could be badly
burned. Stop your engine if it overheats,
and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 374 for
information on driving to a safe place
in an emergency.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because
you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle
can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. See
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode
on page 374 for information on driving to a
safe place in an emergency.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
An overheat warning, can indicate a serious
problem.
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or
hear no steam, the problem might not be too
serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too
hot when you:
• Climb a long hill on a hot day.
• Stop after high-speed driving.
• Idle for long periods in traffic.
• Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of
steam, try this for a minute or so:
If the coolant warning light is not on or the coolant
temperature gage does not indicate the engine
is overheating, you can drive. Just to be safe, drive
slower for about 10 minutes. If the warnings do
not come back on, drive normally.
If the warnings continue and you have not stopped,
pull over, stop, and park the vehicle right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while parked. If the warnings are
still indicated, turn off the engine and get everyone
out of the vehicle until it cools down. Also, see
“Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode”
later in this section.
You might decide not to lift the hood but to get
service help right away.
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in
NEUTRAL (N) while stopped. If it is safe to
do so, pull off the road, shift to PARK (P)
or NEUTRAL (N) and let the engine idle.
2. Set the climate controls to the highest heat
setting and fan speed and open the windows,
as necessary.
373
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
This operating mode allows your vehicle to be
driven to a safe place in an emergency. Should an
hot engine condition exist, an overheat protection
mode which alternates firing groups of cylinders
helps prevent engine damage. In this mode, there is
a loss in power and engine performance. Driving
extended miles (km) and/or towing a trailer in the
overheat protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection operating mode, to avoid engine
damage, allow the engine to cool before
attempting any repair. The engine oil will be
severely degraded. Repair the cause of coolant
loss and change the oil. See Engine Oil on
page 360.
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is
what you will see:
3.6L V6 shown, 4.6L V8 similar
A. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
B. Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap
Some vehicles may be equipped with an
engine driven fan, as well as the electric
pusher fans (A) which are located behind the
vehicle’s grille.
374
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the
hood can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing, and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
Heater and radiator hoses, and other
engine parts, can be very hot. Do not
touch them. If you do, you can be burned.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is
boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down.
The vehicle should be parked on a level surface.
When the engine is cold, the coolant level should
be at or slightly above the FULL COLD/FROID line
on the side of the coolant surge tank. If it is not, you
may have a leak at the pressure cap or in the
radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump
or somewhere else in the cooling system.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If
you run the engine, it could lose all
coolant. That could cause an engine fire,
and you could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive the vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on,
check to see if the electric engine cooling fans
are running. If the engine is overheating, both fans
should be running. If they are not, your vehicle
needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your
engine without coolant is not covered by your
warranty. See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 374 for information on
driving to a safe place in an emergency.
375
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core,
or radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant could require changing sooner, at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you have not found a problem yet, check to see
if coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant
is visible but the coolant level is not at the FULL
COLD/FROID line on the side of the coolant
surge tank, add a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and DEX-COOL® coolant at the coolant
surge tank, but be sure the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap, is
cool before you do it. See Engine Coolant on
page 368 for more information.
376
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot
cooling system can blow out and burn
you badly. They are under pressure, and if
you turn the coolant surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — they can come out at
high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait for
the cooling system and coolant surge
tank pressure cap to cool if you ever have
to turn the pressure cap.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and
crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts. Use the recommended coolant and
the proper coolant mixture.
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add
coolant as follows:
1. You can remove the coolant surge tank
pressure cap when the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise
(left) about one-quarter turn and then stop.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss
means there is still some pressure left.
377
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly,
and remove it.
378
3. Fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to slightly above the FULL
COLD/FROID line on the side of the coolant
surge tank.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,
start the engine and let it run until you can
feel the upper radiator hose getting hot. The
upper radiator hose is the largest of the
hoses which comes out of the radiator, on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle. Watch out
for the engine cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the
coolant surge tank may be lower. If the level
is lower, add more of the proper mixture
to the coolant surge tank until the level
reaches the FULL COLD/FROID line on the
side of the coolant surge tank.
Power Steering Fluid
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure cap is hand-tight and fully seated.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
Recheck the coolant level in the bottle next time
you use your vehicle to insure the system is
full when cold. See Engine Coolant on page 368.
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 356 for
reservoir location.
It is not necessary to regularly check power
steering fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in
the system or you hear an unusual noise. A
fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
379
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
To check the power steering fluid, do the following:
1. Turn the key off and let the engine
compartment cool down.
What to Use
2. Wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean.
3. Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a
clean rag.
4. Replace the cap and completely tighten it.
5. Remove the cap again and look at the
fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be within the HOT mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level
within the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 480.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the
proper fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses
and seals.
380
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to
read the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If
you will be operating your vehicle in an area where
the temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid
that has sufficient protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
The WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID message
will appear on the Driver Information Center (DIC)
when the fluid level is low. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 220 for more information.
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid
until the tank is full. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 356
for reservoir location.
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions
for adding water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to
freeze and damage your washer fluid tank
and other parts of the washer system.
Also, water does not clean as well
as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it is very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing
occurs, which could damage the tank if it
is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master
cylinder reservoir is
filled with DOT-3 brake
fluid. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 356 for the
location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid
level in the reservoir might go down. The first
is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear. When
new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back
up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out of
the brake system. If it is, you should have your
brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes will not work well, or
will not work at all.
381
So, it is not a good idea to top off your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you
add fluid when your linings are worn, then you will
have too much fluid when you get new brake
linings. You should add or remove brake fluid, as
necessary, only when work is done on the
brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill
on the engine. The fluid will burn if the
engine is hot enough. You or others could
be burned, and your vehicle could be
damaged. Add brake fluid only when work
is done on the brake hydraulic system. See
“Checking Brake Fluid” in this section.
When the brake fluid falls to a low level, the brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 204.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
when to check your brake fluid. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 471.
382
Checking Brake Fluid
You can check the brake fluid without taking off
the cap.
Look at the brake fluid
reservoir. The fluid level
should be above
MIN. If it is not, have
your brake system
checked to see if there
is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system,
make sure the level is above the MIN but not
over the MAX mark.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, DOT-3 brake fluid is
recommended for use. DOT-4 brake fluid is also
compatible with your vehicle’s brake system parts.
However, if you choose to use DOT-4 fluid, it is
recommended that you flush your brake hydraulic
system and refill it with new DOT-4 fluid at a regular
maintenance service every two years. See
Additional Required Services on page 473. Use
new brake fluid from a sealed container only. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 480.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the
area around the cap before removing it. This
will help keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in the brake
system, the brakes may not work well, or
they may not even work at all. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper
brake fluid.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just a
few drops of mineral-based oil, such
as engine oil, in the brake system can
damage brake system parts so badly that
they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can
be damaged. Be careful not to spill brake
fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it
off immediately. See Washing Your Vehicle
on page 447.
383
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that
make a high-pitched warning sound when the
brake pads are worn and new pads are needed.
The sound may come and go or be heard all
the time your vehicle is moving, except when you
are pushing on the brake pedal firmly.
{CAUTION:
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a
brake squeal when the brakes are first applied
or lightly applied. This does not mean something
is wrong with your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated,
inspect brake pads for wear and evenly tighten
wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM torque
specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as
complete axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon the brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear
the brake wear warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out
brake pads could result in costly brake repair.
384
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return
to normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc
brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
Battery
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good
braking. Your vehicle was designed and tested with
top-quality GM brake parts. When you replace parts
of your braking system — for example, when your
brake linings wear down and you need new ones
put in — be sure you get new approved GM
replacement parts. If you do not, your brakes may
no longer work properly. For example, if someone
puts in brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle,
the balance between your front and rear brakes can
change — for the worse. The braking performance
you have come to expect can change in many other
ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Your vehicle has a maintenance free battery.
When it is time for a new battery, get one that has
the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco®
replacement battery. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 356 for battery location.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash
hands after handling.
385
Vehicle Storage
Jump Starting
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for
25 days or more, remove the black, negative (−)
cable from the battery. This will help keep the
battery from running down.
If your vehicle’s battery has run down, you may
want to use another vehicle and some jumper
cables to start your vehicle. Be sure to use
the following steps to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and
gas that can explode. You can be badly
hurt if you are not careful. See Jump
Starting on page 386 for tips on working
around a battery without getting hurt.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly,
some or all of these things can hurt you.
386
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in
costly damage to your vehicle that would
not be covered by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or
pulling it will not work, and it could damage
your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a
12-volt battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a
12-volt system with a negative ground,
both vehicles can be damaged. Only use
vehicles with 12-volt systems with negative
grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper
cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles are
not touching each other. If they are, it could
cause a ground connection you do not
want. You would not be able to start your
vehicle and the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling,
set the parking brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start procedure. Put
an automatic transmission in PARK (P) or a
manual transmission in NEUTRAL before
setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other
accessories on during the jump starting
procedure, they could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Always turn off your radio and other
accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.
Unplug unnecessary accessories plugged into
the cigarette lighter or the accessory power
outlets. Turn off the radio and all lamps
that are not needed. This will avoid sparks
and help save both batteries. And it could
save the radio.
387
4. Open the hoods and locate the positive (+)
and negative (−) terminal locations of the
other vehicle, as well as the positive (+)
terminal location on your vehicle’s battery.
See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 356 for more information on the location
of the battery.
388
Your vehicle has a remote negative (−) ground
location, as shown in the illustration. It is
located between the battery and the
underhood fuse block. You should always use
this remote ground location, instead of the
terminal on the battery.
Notice: If you connect a negative cable to the
ECM, ECM mounting bracket, or any cables
that attach to the ECM bracket, you may
damage the ECM. Always attach the negative
cable to your vehicle’s remote negative ground
location, instead of the ECM, ECM bracket,
or any cables attached to the ECM bracket.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause
battery gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this, and some have been
blinded. Use a flashlight if you need
more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water.
You do not need to add water to the
battery installed in your new vehicle. But
if a battery has filler caps, be sure the
right amount of fluid is there. If it is low,
add water to take care of that first. If you
do not, explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you. Do not get it on you. If you
accidentally get it in your eyes or on your
skin, flush the place with water and get
medical help immediately.
389
{CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can
injure you badly. Keep your hands away
from moving parts once the engine is
running.
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have
loose or missing insulation. If they do, you
could get a shock. The vehicles could
be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+)
will go to positive (+) or to a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Negative (−) will go to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part or to a remote negative (−)
terminal if the vehicle has one.
390
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or
you will get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other parts too. And do
not connect the negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal on the dead battery
because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the
positive (+) terminal of the dead battery.
Use a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
7. Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect
it to the positive (+) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to
the negative terminal of the good battery. Use
a remote negative (−) terminal if the vehicle
has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until the
next step. The other end of the negative (−)
cable does not go to the dead battery. It goes to
a heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a
remote negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with
the dead battery.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−) cable
at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead
battery, but not near engine parts that move.
The electrical connection is just as good there,
and the chance of sparks getting back to the
battery is much less.
Use a remote negative (−) terminal if the
vehicle has one. Your vehicle’s remote
negative (−) ground location is for this purpose.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery
and run the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead
battery. If it will not start after a few tries, it
probably needs service.
391
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting
may occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always
connect and remove the jumper cables in the
correct order, making sure that the cables do
not touch each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both
vehicles, do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
All-Wheel Drive
All of the lubricant checks in this section apply to
your vehicle. If you have an all-wheel-drive
vehicle, there is an additional system that need
lubrication.
Transfer Case
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or
Remote Negative (−) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and
Remote Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
392
When to Check Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check the transfer
case fluid unless you suspect there is a leak
or you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss could
indicate a problem. Have it inspected and repaired.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug
hole, located on the transfer case, you’ll need to
add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant to
raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
Use care not to overtighten the plug.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 480.
A. Drain Plug
B. Fill Plug
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
393
Rear Axle
When to Check Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check rear axle fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear an
unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a problem.
Have it inspected and repaired.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
394
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug
hole, located on the rear axle, you’ll need to add
some lubricant. Add enough lubricant to raise
the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 480.
Front Axle
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
When to Check and Change Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug
hole, located on the front axle, you may need
to add some lubricant.
It is not necessary to regularly check the front axle
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak or you
hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate
a problem. Have it inspected and repaired.
How to Check Lubricant
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 480.
A. Drain Plug
B. Filler Plug
395
Bulb Replacement
It is recommended that all bulbs be replaced by
your dealer.
High Intensity Discharge (HID)
Lighting
Your vehicle has HID headlamps. After your
vehicle’s HID headlamp bulb has been replaced,
you may notice that the beam is a slightly different
shade than it was originally. This is normal.
Halogen Bulbs
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
The low beam high intensity discharge
lighting system operates at a very high
voltage. If you try to service any of the
system components, you could be
seriously injured. Have your dealer or a
qualified technician service them.
396
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas
inside and can burst if you drop or
scratch the bulb. You or others could be
injured. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions on the bulb package.
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected for
wear or cracking. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 471 for more information.
It’s a good idea to clean or replace the wiper
blade assembly on a regular basis or when worn.
For proper windshield wiper blade length and
type, see Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
on page 482.
To replace the wiper blade assembly, do the
following:
1. Turn the ignition to ON with the engine off.
2. Turn on the windshield wipers and turn them
off again when the wipers are in the out-wipe
position. The driver’s side blade will be
straight up and down on the windshield.
3. Pull the windshield wiper assembly away from
the windshield.
4. Lift the wiper blade assembly up so it is in a
T-shaped position. You should be able to see
a tab.
5. Squeeze the tab together and pull the wiper
blade assembly down far enough to release it
from the J-hooked end of the wiper arm. Slide
the assembly away from the arm.
Allowing the wiper blade arm to touch the
windshield when no wiper blade is installed
could damage the windshield. Any damage that
occurs would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not allow the wiper blade arm to touch the
windshield.
397
6. Replace the blade with a new one.
Rear Wiper Blade Replacement
To replace the rear wiper blade follow the steps
listed previously.
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires
made by a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever
have questions about your tire warranty and where
to obtain service, see your GM Warranty booklet for
details. For additional information refer to the tire
manufacturer’s booklet included with your vehicle.
7. Reinstall the wiper blade assembly by sliding
it over the wiper arm to engage the J-hooked
end. Pull up on the assembly to lock it into
place.
8. Repeat the steps for the other wiper.
398
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
• Poorly maintained and improperly used
tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and
a serious accident. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 322.
• Underinflated tires pose the same
danger as overloaded tires. The
resulting accident could cause serious
injury. Check all tires frequently to
maintain the recommended pressure.
Tire pressure should be checked when
your tires are cold. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 407.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Overinflated tires are more likely
to be cut, punctured, or broken
by a sudden impact — such as when
you hit a pothole. Keep tires at the
recommended pressure.
• Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If
your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
See High-Speed Operation on page 409 for
inflation pressure adjustment for high
speed driving.
(Continued)
399
Low-Profile Performance Tire
If your vehicle has P255/50R20 size tires, they are
classified as low-profile performance tires. These
tires are designed for very responsive driving on
wet or dry pavement. You may also notice more
road noise with low-profile performance tires and
that they tend to wear faster.
Notice: If your vehicle has low-profile tires,
they are more susceptible to damage from road
hazards or curb impact than standard profile
tires. Tire and/or wheel assembly damage can
occur when coming into contact with road
hazards like, potholes, or sharp edged objects,
or when sliding into a curb. Your GM warranty
does not cover this type of damage. Keep tires
set to the correct inflation pressure and, when
possible avoid contact with curbs, potholes,
and other road hazards.
Winter Tires
If you expect to drive on snow or ice covered
roads often, you may want to get winter tires for
your vehicle. All season tires provide good overall
performance on most surfaces but they may
400
not offer the traction you would like or the same
level of performance as winter tires on snow or ice
covered roads.
Winter tires, in general, are designed for increased
traction on snow and ice covered roads. With
winter tires, there may be decreased dry
road traction, increased road noise, and shorter
tread life. After switching to winter tires, be alert for
changes in vehicle handling and braking.
See your dealer for details regarding winter tire
availability and proper tire selection. Also,
see Buying New Tires on page 416.
If you choose to use winter tires:
• Use tires of the same brand and tread type on
all four wheel positions.
• Use only radial ply tires of the same size, load
range, and speed rating as the original
equipment tires.
Winter tires with the same speed rating as your
original equipment tires may not be available for H,
V, W, Y, and ZR speed rated tires. If you choose
winter tires with a lower speed rating, never
exceed the tire’s maximum speed capability.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall. The examples below show a typical
passenger vehicle tire and a compact spare tire
sidewall.
(A) Tire Size: The tire size is a combination of
letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type,
and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have
a TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all
federal safety guidelines.
(C) DOT (Department of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code
indicates that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire Example
401
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following DOT (Department of
Transportation) code is the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire
was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only one side may have
the date of manufacture.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on
three performance factors: treadwear, traction, and
temperature resistance. For more information see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 419.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that load.
402
Compact Spare Tire Example
(A) Temporary Use Only: The compact spare
tire or temporary use tire has a tread life of
approximately 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and should
not be driven at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h).
The compact spare tire is for emergency use when
a regular road tire has lost air and gone flat. If
your vehicle has a compact spare tire, see
Compact Spare Tire on page 442 and If a Tire
Goes Flat on page 423.
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following the DOT (Department of
Transportation) code is the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire
was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only one side may have
the date of manufacture.
(G) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have
a TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all
federal safety guidelines.
Tire Size
The following illustration shows an example of a
typical passenger vehicle tire size.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that load.
(E) Tire Inflation: The temporary use tire or
compact spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi
(420 kPa). For more information on tire pressure
and inflation see Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 407.
(F) Tire Size: A combination of letters and
numbers define a tire’s width, height, aspect ratio,
construction type, and service description. The
letter T as the first character in the tire size means
the tire is for temporary use only.
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United
States version of a metric tire sizing system. The
letter P as the first character in the tire size
means a passenger vehicle tire engineered to
standards set by the U.S. Tire and Rim
Association.
403
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates
the tire section width in millimeters from sidewall
to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that
indicates the tire height-to-width measurements.
For example, if the tire size aspect ratio is
60, as shown in item C of the illustration, it would
mean that the tire’s sidewall is 60 percent as
high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire.
The letter R means radial ply construction;
the letter D means diagonal or bias ply
construction; and the letter B means belted-bias
ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in
inches.
(F) Service Description: These characters
represent the load range and speed rating of the
tire. The load index represents the load carry
capacity a tire is certified to carry. The load index
can range from 1 to 279. The speed rating is
the maximum speed a tire is certified to carry a
load. Speed ratings range from A to Z.
404
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire
pressing outward on each square inch of the
tire. Air pressure is expressed in pounds
per square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined
weight of optional accessories. Some examples of
optional accessories are, automatic
transmission/transaxle, power steering, power
brakes, power windows, power seats, and
air conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height
to its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is
located between the plies and the tread. Cords
may be made from steel or other reinforcing
materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies
are laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees
to the centerline of the tread.
Cold Tire Pressure: The amount of air pressure
in a tire, measured in pounds per square inch
(psi) or kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up
heat from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 407.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment
including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil, and
coolant, but without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall
of a tire signifying that the tire is in compliance
with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
motor vehicle safety standards. The DOT code
includes the Tire Identification Number (TIN),
an alphanumeric designator which can also identify
the tire manufacturer, production plant, brand,
and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 322.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
front axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 322.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear
axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 322.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of
an asymmetrical tire, that must always face
outward when mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
light duty trucks and some multipurpose passenger
vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from
1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying
capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated.
The maximum air pressure is molded onto
the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire
at the maximum permissible inflation pressure
for that tire.
405
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of
curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity
weight, and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of
occupants a vehicle is designed to seat multiplied
by 150 lbs (68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 322.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating
positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that
faces outward when mounted on a vehicle.
The side of the tire that contains a whitewall, bears
white lettering, or bears manufacturer, brand,
and/or model name molding that is higher
or deeper than the same moldings on the other
sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
passenger cars and some light duty trucks and
multipurpose vehicles.
406
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation
pressure as shown on the tire placard. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 407 and Loading
Your Vehicle on page 322.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply
cords that extend to the beads are laid at 90
degrees to the centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which
the tire beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread
and the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned
to a tire indicating the maximum speed at
which a tire can operate.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the
road surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into
contact with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called wear bars, that show across the tread of a
tire when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread remains.
See When It Is Time for New Tires on page 416.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Standards): A tire information system that
provides consumers with ratings for a tire’s
traction, temperature, and treadwear. Ratings are
determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are
molded into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform
Tire Quality Grading on page 419.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right. It is
not. If your tires do not have enough air
(under-inflation), you can get the following:
• Too much flexing
• Too much heat
• Tire overloading
• Premature or irregular wear
• Poor handling
• Reduced fuel economy
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of
designated seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs
(68 kg) plus the rated cargo load. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 322.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory
weight, occupant weight, and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to
a vehicle showing the vehicle’s capacity weight
and the original equipment tire size and
recommended inflation pressure. See “Tire and
Loading Information Label” under Loading
Your Vehicle on page 322.
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to
operate effectively.
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation),
you can get the following:
• Unusual wear
• Poor handling
• Rough ride
• Needless damage from road hazards
407
A Tire and Loading Information label is attached to
the vehicle’s center pillar (B-pillar). This label
shows your vehicle’s original equipment tires and
the correct inflation pressures for your tires
when they are cold. The recommended cold tire
inflation pressure, shown on the label, is the
minimum amount of air pressure needed to
support your vehicle’s maximum load carrying
capacity.
For additional information regarding how much
weight your vehicle can carry, and an example of
the Tire and Loading Information label, see
Loading Your Vehicle on page 322. How you load
your vehicle affects vehicle handling and ride
comfort. Never load your vehicle with more weight
than it was designed to carry.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Do not
forget to check the compact spare tire, it should be
at 60 psi (420 kPa). For additional information
regarding the compact spare tire, see Compact
Spare Tire on page 442.
408
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are
properly inflated simply by looking at them. Radial
tires may look properly inflated even when they
are under-inflated. Check the tire’s inflation
pressure when the tires are cold. Cold means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours
or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem.
Press the tire gage firmly onto the valve to
get a pressure measurement. If the cold tire
inflation pressure matches the recommended
pressure on the Tire and Loading Information
label, no further adjustment is necessary. If the
inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on
the metal stem in the center of the tire valve.
Re-check the tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
High-Speed Operation
{CAUTION:
Driving at high speeds, 100 mph (160 km/h)
or higher, puts an additional strain on tires.
Sustained high-speed driving causes
excessive heat build up and can cause
sudden tire failure. You could have a crash
and you or others could be killed. Some
high-speed rated tires require inflation
pressure adjustment for high speed
operation. When speed limits and road
conditions are such that a vehicle can be
driven at high speeds, make sure the tires
are rated for high speed operation, in
excellent condition, and set to the
correct cold tire inflation pressure for the
vehicle load.
If you will be driving at high speeds, speeds of
100 mph (160 km/h) or higher, where it is legal, set
the cold inflation pressure to the maximum inflation
pressure shown on the tire sidewall, or 38 psi
(265 kPa), whichever is lower. See the example
following. When you end this high-speed driving,
return the tires to the cold inflation pressure shown
on the Tire and Loading Information label. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 322.
Example:
You will find the maximum load and inflation
pressure molded on the tire’s sidewall, in small
letters, near the rim flange. It will read something
like this: Maximum load 690 kg (1521 lbs)
300 kPa (44 psi) Max. Press.
For this example, you would set the inflation
pressure for high-speed driving at
38 psi (265 kPa).
409
Tire Pressure Monitor System
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) uses
radio and sensor technology to check tire pressure
levels. If your vehicle has this feature, sensors
are mounted on each tire and wheel assembly,
except for the compact spare tire and wheel. The
TPMS sensors monitor the air pressure in your
vehicle’s tires and transmit the tire pressure
readings to a receiver located in the vehicle. The
TPMS is designed to alert the driver if a low
pressure condition exists.
Using the Driver Information Center (DIC), the
driver can also check tire pressure levels using the
DIC. For additional information and details about
the DIC operation and displays see DIC Controls
and Displays on page 215 and DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 220.
410
When a low tire pressure condition is detected,
the TPMS illuminates the low tire pressure warning
symbol located in the instrument panel cluster,
and at the same time a DIC message to check the
pressure in a specific tire also appears on the
DIC display. The low tire pressure warning symbol
and the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message on
the DIC display appear at each ignition cycle until
the tires are inflated to the correct inflation
pressure.
You may notice, during cooler weather conditions,
the low tire pressure warning light and DIC
warning message may come on when the vehicle
is first started, and then turn off as you start to
drive. This could be an early indicator that the air
pressure in the tire(s) is getting low and needs
to be inflated to the proper pressure.
Each tire, including the spare (if provided), should
be checked monthly when cold and inflated to
the inflation pressure recommended by the vehicle
manufacturer on the vehicle placard or tire
inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of
a different size than the size indicated on the
vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label, you
should determine the proper tire inflation
pressure for those tires.)
As an added safety
feature, your vehicle
has been equipped with
a tire pressure
monitoring system
(TPMS) that illuminates
a low tire pressure
telltale when one
or more of your tires is
significantly
under-inflated.
Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale
illuminates, you should stop and check your tires
as soon as possible, and inflate them to the
proper pressure. Driving on a significantly
under-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and
can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also
reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may
affect the vehicle’s handling and stopping ability.
Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for
proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s
responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure, even
if under-inflation has not reached the level to trigger
illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure telltale.
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS
malfunction indicator to indicate when the
system is not operating properly. The TPMS
malfunction indicator is combined with the low tire
pressure telltale. When the system detects a
malfunction, the telltale will flash for approximately
one minute and then remain continuously
illuminated. This sequence will continue upon
subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the
malfunction exists.
411
When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the
system may not be able to detect or signal low
tire pressure as intended. TPMS malfunctions may
occur for a variety of reasons, including the
installation of replacement or alternate tires or
wheels on the vehicle that prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. Always check the TPMS
malfunction telltale after replacing one or more
tires or wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the
replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow
the TPMS to continue to function properly.
The Tire and Loading Information label shows the
size of your vehicle’s original tires and their
recommended cold inflation pressures. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 322, for the location
of the tire and loading information label. Also
see Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 407.
Your vehicle’s TPMS can warn you about a low
tire pressure condition but it does not replace
normal tire maintenance. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 414 and Tires on page 398.
Notice: Do not use a tire sealant if your
vehicle has Tire Pressure Monitors. The liquid
sealant can damage the tire pressure monitor
sensors.
412
TPM Sensor Identification Codes
Each TPMS sensor has a unique identification
code. Any time you replace one or more of
the TPMS sensors or rotate your vehicle’s tires,
the identification codes need to be matched to the
new tire/wheel position. The sensors are
matched to the tire/wheel positions in the following
order: driver’s side front tire, passenger’s side
front tire, passenger’s side rear tire, and driver’s
side rear tire using a TPMS diagnostic tool.
See your dealer for service.
The TPMS sensors can also be matched to each
tire/wheel position by increasing or decreasing
the tire’s air pressure. If increasing the tire’s
air pressure, do not exceed the maximum inflation
pressure indicated on the tire’s sidewall.
You have two minutes to match the first tire/wheel
position, and five minutes overall, to match all
four tire/wheel positions. If it takes longer than two
minutes, to match the first tire and wheel, or
more than five minutes to match all four tire and
wheel positions, the matching process stops
and you need to start over.
The TPM matching process is outlined below:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition switch to ON with the
engine off.
3. Using the DIC, press the vehicle information
button until the PRESS V TO RELEARN
TIRE POSITIONS message displays.
4. Press the Set/Reset button. The horn sounds
twice to indicate the TPMS receiver is ready,
and the TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE message
displays. The TPMS low tire warning light
flashes throughout the matching procedure.
5. Start with the driver’s side front tire.
6. Remove the valve cap from the valve stem.
Activate the TPM sensor by increasing or
decreasing the tire’s air pressure for
10 seconds, or until a horn chirp sounds. The
horn chirp, which may take up to 30 seconds to
sound, confirms that the sensor identification
code has been matched to this tire position. To
decrease the tire’s air-pressure use the pointed
end of the valve cap, a pencil-style air pressure
gage, or a key.
7. Proceed to the passenger’s side front tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
8. Proceed to the passenger’s side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
9. Proceed to the driver’s side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
10. After hearing the confirming horn chirp, for
the driver’s side rear tire, the horn sounds
two more times to signal the tire learning
model is no longer active. Turn the ignition
switch to OFF.
11. Set all four tires to the recommended air
pressure level as indicated on the tire and
loading information label.
12. Put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
The spare tire does not have a TPMS sensor.
If you replace one of the road tires with the spare,
the SERVICE TIRE MONITOR SYSTEM
message displays on the DIC screen. This
message should go off once you re-install the
road tire containing the TPMS sensor.
413
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) and Industry and Science Canada
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tire rotation is not recommended if your vehicle
has the following tire combinations:
• P235/65R17 size tires on the front wheels and
P255/60R17 size tires on the rear wheels.
• P235/60R18 size tires on the front wheels and
P255/55R18 size tires on the rear wheels.
Different tire sizes should not be rotated front to
rear. Each tire and wheel should only be used
in its original front or rear position.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
Tire rotation is recommended if your vehicle is
equipped with P255/50R20 size tires on all
four wheel positions. These tires should be rotated
every 5,000 to 8,000 miles (8 000 to 13 000 km)
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires
as soon as possible and check wheel alignment.
Also check for damaged tires or wheels. See
When It Is Time for New Tires on page 416 and
Wheel Replacement on page 421 for more
information.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
414
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The
first rotation is the most important. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 471.
Vehicles that have the Tire Pressure Monitor
System (TPMS) will need to have the TPMS
sensors reset after a tire rotation, see Tire
Pressure Monitor System on page 410.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly
tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 464.
{CAUTION:
When rotating P255/50R20 size tires, always use
the correct rotation pattern shown here.
Do not include the compact spare tire in the tire
rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front
and rear inflation pressures as shown on the
Tire and Loading Information label.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When
you change a wheel, remove any rust or
dirt from places where the wheel attaches
to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this;
but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush
later, if needed, to get all the rust or dirt
off. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 424.
415
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it
is time for new tires is
to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining. Some
commercial truck tires
may not have treadwear
indicators.
You need a new tire if any of the following
statements are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more
places around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through
the tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or
snagged deep enough to show cord or fabric.
416
• The tire has a bump, bulge, or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage
that cannot be repaired well because of the
size or location of the damage.
Buying New Tires
GM has developed and matched specific tires for
your vehicle. The original equipment tires
installed on your vehicle, when it was new, were
designed to meet General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria Specification (TPC spec)
system rating. If you need replacement tires, GM
strongly recommends that you get tires with
the same TPC Spec rating. This way, your vehicle
will continue to have tires that are designed to
give the same performance and vehicle safety,
during normal use, as the original tires.
GM’s exclusive TPC Spec system considers over a
dozen critical specifications that impact the overall
performance of your vehicle, including brake
system performance, ride and handling, traction
control, and tire pressure monitoring performance.
GM’s TPC Spec number is molded onto the tire’s
sidewall by the tire manufacturer. If the tires have
an all-season tread design, the TPC spec number
will be followed by an MS for mud and snow. See
Tire Sidewall Labeling on page 401 for additional
information.
Winter tires with the same speed rating as your
original equipment tires may not be available for H,
V, W and ZR speed rated tires. If you choose snow
tires with a lower speed rating, never exceed the
tire’s maximum speed capability.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
installed on your vehicle), brands, or
types may also cause damage to your
vehicle. Be sure to use the correct size,
brand, and type of tires on all wheels. It is
all right to drive with your vehicle’s
compact spare temporarily, it was
developed for use on your vehicle. See
Compact Spare Tire on page 442.
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose
control while driving. If you mix tires of
different sizes (other than those originally
installed on your vehicle), brands, or
types (radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of
different sizes (other than those originally
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle,
the wheel rim flanges could develop
cracks after many miles of driving. A tire
and/or wheel could fail suddenly, causing
a crash. Use only radial-ply tires with the
wheels on your vehicle.
(Continued)
417
If you must replace your vehicle’s tires with those
that do not have a TPC Spec number, make
sure they are the same size, load range, speed
rating, and construction type (radial and
bias-belted tires) as your vehicle’s original tires.
Vehicles that have a tire pressure monitoring
system may give an inaccurate low-pressure
warning if non-TPC spec rated tires are installed
on your vehicle. Non-TPC Spec rated tires
may give a low-pressure warning that is higher or
lower than the proper warning level you would
get with TPC Spec rated tires. See Tire Pressure
Monitor System on page 410.
Your vehicle’s original equipment tires are listed
on the Tire and Loading Information Label.
This label is attached to the vehicle’s center pillar
(B-pillar). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 322,
for more information about the Tire and Loading
Information Label and its location on your vehicle.
Different Size Tires and Wheels
If you add wheels or tires that are a different size
than your original equipment wheels and tires,
this may affect the way your vehicle performs,
418
including its braking, ride and handling
characteristics, stability, and resistance to rollover.
Additionally, if your vehicle has electronic
systems such as, anti-lock brakes, traction control,
and electronic stability control, the performance
of these systems can be affected.
{CAUTION:
If you add different sized wheels, your
vehicle may not provide an acceptable
level of performance and safety if tires not
recommended for those wheels are
selected. You may increase the chance
that you will crash and suffer serious
injury. Only use GM specific wheel and
tire systems developed for your vehicle,
and have them properly installed by a GM
certified technician.
See Buying New Tires on page 416 and
Accessories and Modifications on page 347 for
additional information.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on
the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating
based on the wear rate of the tire when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire
graded 150 would wear one and a half (1.5) times
as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from
the norm due to variations in driving habits, service
practices, and differences in road characteristics
and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), which
grades tires by treadwear, traction, and
temperature performance. This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States. The grades are
molded on the sidewalls of most passenger car
tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG)
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver, or temporary use
spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of
10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors
passenger cars and light trucks may vary with
respect to these grades, they must also conform
to federal safety requirements and additional
General Motors Tire Performance Criteria (TPC)
standards.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are
AA, A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s
ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified
government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete.
A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire
is based on straight-ahead braking traction
tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
419
Temperature – A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B,
and C, representing the tire’s resistance to
the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate
heat when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive
temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under
the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels
of performance on the laboratory test wheel
than the minimum required by law.
420
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated
and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either
separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The tires and wheels on your vehicle were aligned
and balanced carefully at the factory to give you the
longest tire life and best overall performance.
Adjustments to wheel alignment and tire balancing
will not be necessary on a regular basis. However,
if you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle
pulling to one side or the other, the alignment may
need to be checked. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your tires
and wheels may need to be rebalanced. See your
dealer for proper diagnosis.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly
rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming
loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts
should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air, replace it
(except some aluminum wheels, which can
sometimes be repaired). See your dealer if any of
these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same
load-carrying capacity, diameter, width, offset and
be mounted the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel
bolts, or wheel nuts, replace them only with new
GM original equipment parts. This way, you will be
sure to have the right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel
nuts for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels,
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts on your vehicle
can be dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handling of your vehicle, make
your tires lose air and make you lose
control. You could have a collision in
which you or others could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause
problems with bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer or odometer calibration, headlamp
aim, bumper height, vehicle ground clearance,
and tire or tire chain clearance to the body and
chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 424 for more
information.
421
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You cannot know how it has
been used or how far it has been driven. It
could fail suddenly and cause a crash. If
you have to replace a wheel, use a new
GM original equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has P255/50R20 size tires,
do not use tire chains. They can damage
your vehicle because there is not enough
clearance. Tire chains used on a vehicle
CAUTION:
422
(Continued)
(Continued)
without the proper amount of clearance
can cause damage to the brakes,
suspension, or other vehicle parts. The
area damaged by the tire chains could
cause you to lose control of your vehicle
and you or others may be injured in a
crash.
Use another type of traction device only if
its manufacturer recommends it for use
on your vehicle and tire size combination
and road conditions. Follow that
manufacturer’s instructions.To help avoid
damage to your vehicle, drive slowly,
readjust or remove the device if it is
contacting your vehicle, and do not spin
the vehicle’s wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will fit,
install them on the rear tires.
Notice: If your vehicle has a tire size other
than P255/50R20 use tire chains only where
legal and only when you must. Use chains that
are the proper size for your tires. Install
them on the tires of the rear axle. Do not use
chains on the tires of the front axle. Tighten
them as tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the
chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you
can hear the chains contacting your vehicle,
stop and retighten them. If the contact
continues, slow down until it stops. Driving
too fast or spinning the wheels with chains on
will damage your vehicle.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It is unusual for a tire to blowout while you are
driving, especially if you maintain your vehicle’s
tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it is
much more likely to leak out slowly. But if you
should ever have a blowout, here are a few tips
about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag
that pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your
foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane
position, and then gently brake to a stop well out
of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a skid and may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any rear blowout
remove your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get
the vehicle under control by steering the way
you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy
and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake
to a stop, well off the road if possible.
423
Changing a Flat Tire
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous
without the appropriate safety equipment
and training. The jack provided with your
vehicle is designed only for changing a
flat tire. If it is used for anything else, you
or others could be badly injured or killed
if the vehicle slips off the jack. Use the
jack provided with your vehicle only for
changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use
the jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel
damage by driving slowly to a level place. Turn
on your vehicle’s hazard warning flashers.
See Hazard Warning Flashers on page 166 for
more information.
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over
or fall on you or other people. You and
they could be badly injured or even killed.
Find a level place to change your tire. To
help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
CAUTION:
424
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
When your vehicle has a flat tire, use the following
example as a guide to assist you in the placement
of wheel blocks.
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in
the vehicle.
To be even more certain the vehicle will
not move, you should put blocks at the
front and rear of the tire farthest away
from the one being changed. That would
be the tire, on the other side, at the
opposite end of the vehicle.
The following information will tell you next how to
use the jack and change a tire.
425
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you will need is located in the
rear of the vehicle. To access the equipment, do
the following:
1. Remove the storage bin to access the jack
if your vehicle has the cargo management
system.
If your vehicle has the third row seat, remove
the head rest storage tray to access the jack.
2. Turn the wing nut (A) holding the jack (B) (and
storage tray, if applicable) counterclockwise
and remove it.
3. Remove the jack and wheel wrench (C).
426
Removing the Spare Tire
The compact spare tire is located under the
vehicle, ahead of the rear bumper. See Compact
Spare Tire on page 442 for more information
about the compact spare.
To remove the spare tire from the vehicle, do the
following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
1. Open the liftgate. See Power Liftgate on
page 104 for more information.
2. Open the storage compartment door of the
cargo management system that is nearest
the liftgate and remove the container.
3. Attach the wheel wrench (A) into the hoist
shaft.
4. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to
lower the spare tire to the ground. Continue
turning the wrench until the spare tire (D) can
be pulled out from under the vehicle.
Wheel Wrench
Cable
Retainer
Compact Spare Tire
427
To continue changing the flat tire, see Removing
the Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire on
page 429.
If the spare tire will not lower, the secondary latch
may be engaged causing the tire not to lower.
Do the following to check the cable:
1. Check under the
vehicle to see if the
cable is visible. If
it is not visible, see
Secondary Latch
System on
page 436.
5. Tilt the retainer (C) and slip it through the
wheel opening to remove the spare tire
from the cable (B).
6. Turn the wrench clockwise until you feel two
slips or hear two clicks after removing the
spare tire to raise the cable back up.
Do not store a full-size or a flat road tire under
the vehicle. See Storing a Flat or Spare Tire
and Tools on page 439.
428
2. If it is visible, first try to tighten the cable by
turning the wheel wrench clockwise until you
hear two clicks or feel it skip twice. You
cannot over-tighten the cable.
3. Loosen the cable then by turning the wrench
counterclockwise three or four turns.
4. Tighten the cable all the way and then loosen
it at least two times, if the spare tire has not
lowered.
If the spare tire did lower to the ground,
continue with Step 4 under Removing the
Spare Tire and Tools on page 426.
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
To remove the flat tire and install the spare, do
the following:
If you still cannot lower the spare tire to the
ground, see Secondary Latch System on
page 436.
1. Loosen the wheel nuts, but do not remove
them yet, using the wheel wrench. Turn the
handle about 180 degrees, then flip the handle
back to the starting position. This avoids
taking the wrench off the lug nut for each turn.
429
2. Find the jacking
location using the
hoisting notches
located in the plastic
molding. The
notches in the
plastic molding are
marked with a
triangle shape to
help you find them.
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked
up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off
the jack you could be badly injured or
killed. Never get under a vehicle when it is
supported only by a jack.
3. Attach the wheel wrench to the jack.
{CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack
improperly positioned can damage the
vehicle and even make the vehicle fall.
To help avoid personal injury and vehicle
damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising the
vehicle.
430
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous
without the appropriate safety equipment
and training. The jack provided with your
vehicle is designed only for changing a
flat tire. If it is used for anything else, you
or others could be badly injured or killed
if the vehicle slips off the jack. Use the
jack provided with your vehicle only for
changing a flat tire.
4. Turn the wheel wrench clockwise to raise the
jack lift head until the jack just fits under the
vehicle.
5. Raise the jack by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise until the slots in the jack head fit
into the metal flange located behind the
triangle on the plastic molding as shown.
Notice: Using a jack to raise the vehicle
without positioning it correctly could damage
your vehicle. When raising your vehicle on
a jack, be sure to position it correctly under the
frame and avoid contact with the plastic
molding.
431
6. Put the compact spare tire near you.
7. Raise the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off
the ground for the compact spare tire to
fit under the vehicle.
432
8. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the
flat tire.
9. Remove any rust or
dirt from the wheel
bolts, mounting
surfaces and spare
wheel.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts
to which it is fastened, can make the
wheel nuts become loose after time. The
wheel could come off and cause an
accident. When you change a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In
an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if needed, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
If you do, the nuts might come loose.
Your wheel could fall off, causing a
serious accident.
10. Install the spare tire.
11. Put the wheel nuts back on with the rounded
end of the nuts toward the wheel.
12. Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is
held against the hub.
433
14. Tighten the wheel
nuts firmly in a
crisscross sequence,
as shown.
13. Lower the vehicle by attaching the wheel
wrench to the jack and turning the wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
434
Do not try to put a wheel cover on the compact
spare tire. It will not fit. Store the wheel cover
securely in the rear of the vehicle until you have the
flat tire repaired or replaced.
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened wheel nuts can cause the wheel
to come loose and even come off. This
could lead to an accident.Be sure to use
the correct wheel nuts. If you have to
replace them, be sure to get new GM
original equipment wheel nuts. Stop
somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 464
for wheel nut torque specification.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can
lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid expensive brake repairs, evenly
tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence
and to the proper torque specification.
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your
compact spare. If you try to put a wheel cover
on the compact spare, you could damage
the cover or the spare.
435
Secondary Latch System
Your vehicle has an underbody mounted tire hoist
assembly equipped with a secondary latch
system. It is designed to stop the compact spare
tire from suddenly falling off your vehicle if the
cable holding the spare tire is damaged. For the
secondary latch to work, the tire must be
stowed with the valve stem pointing down. See
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools on page 439
for instructions on storing the spare tire correctly.
{CAUTION:
Before beginning this procedure read all
the instructions. Failure to read and follow
the instructions could damage the hoist
assembly and you and others could get
hurt. Read and follow the instructions
listed next.
436
{CAUTION:
Someone standing too close during the
procedure could be injured by the jack. If
the spare tire does not slide off the jack
completely, make sure no one is behind
you or on either side of you as you pull
the jack out from the under spare.
To release the spare tire from the secondary latch,
do the following:
1. If the cable is not visible, start this procedure
at Step 3.
2. If the cable is visible,
place the wrench on
the hoist drive nut
and turn the wrench
counterclockwise
until approximately
6 inches (15 cm) of
cable is exposed.
3. Attach the wheel wrench to the jack and raise
the jack at least 10 turns.
4. Place the jack under the vehicle, ahead of the
rear bumper. Position the center lift point of
the jack under the center of the spare tire.
5. Turn the wheel wrench clockwise to raise the
jack until it lifts the secondary latch spring.
6. Keep raising the jack until the spare tire stops
moving upward and is held firmly in place, this
lets you know that the secondary latch has
released.
7. Lower the jack by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Keep lowering the jack
until the spare tire is resting on the wheel
wrench.
437
8. Grasp the spare tire with both hands and pull
it out from under the vehicle.
9. Reach under the vehicle and remove the
wheel wrench and jack.
438
10. Tilt the retainer and slip it through the wheel
opening when the spare tire has been
completely lowered.
11. Turn the wrench clockwise to raise the cable
back up if the cable is hanging.
Have the hoist assembly inspected as soon as
you can. You will not be able to store a spare tire
using the hoist assembly until it has been
repaired or replaced.
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire
and Tools
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment
in the passenger compartment of the
vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden
stop or collision, loose equipment could
strike someone. Store all these in the
proper place.
Storing the Flat Tire with Third Row
Passengers
1. Put back all tools as they were stored in the
rear storage compartment and put the
compartment cover back on.
2. Use the power third row seat button, near the
liftgate, to tilt the third row seatback forward
slightly.
3. Place the flat tire in the tire storage bag and
put the tire in an upright position against the
third row seat.
4. Route the tie-down strap through the tire as
shown in the graphic and attach the strap to
the cargo tie-downs in the rear of the vehicle.
5. Tighten the tie-down strap.
439
Storing the Flat Tire with a Flat Load
Floor
1. Put back all tools as they were stored in the
rear storage compartment and put the
compartment cover back on.
3. Route the tie-down strap through the tire as
shown in the graphic and attach the strap to
the cargo tie-downs in the rear of the vehicle.
4. Tighten the tie-down strap.
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
{CAUTION:
2. Place the flat tire in the tire storage bag and
put the tire in a horizontal position on the floor
in the rear of the vehicle.
440
The underbody-mounted spare tire needs
to be stored with the valve stem pointing
down. If the spare tire is stored with the
valve stem pointing upwards, its
secondary latch will not work properly
and the spare tire could loosen and
suddenly fall from your vehicle. If this
happened when your vehicle was being
driven, the tire might contact a person or
another vehicle, causing injury and, of
course, damage to itself as well. Be sure
the underbody-mounted spare tire is
stored with its valve stem pointing down.
To store the spare tire and tools, do the following:
1. Lay the compact spare tire on the ground
at the rear of the vehicle. Position the
compact spare tire so that the valve stem is
pointed down facing the rear of the vehicle.
2. Lower the cable to the ground. See Removing
the Spare Tire and Tools on page 426.
3. Tilt the retainer downward and slip it through
the center hole of the spare tire.
Make sure the retainer is fully seated across
the underside of the wheel.
4. Attach the wheel wrench to the hoist shaft.
5. Turn the wheel wrench clockwise to lift
the spare tire.
6. When the tire is almost in the stored position,
turn the tire so that the valve stem is towards
the rear of the vehicle.
This will help when you check and maintain
tire pressure in the spare.
7. Raise the tire fully against the underside of
the vehicle. Continue turning the wheel
wrench until you feel more than two clicks.
This indicates that the compact spare
tire is secure and the cable is tight. The spare
tire hoist cannot be overtightened.
441
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when the vehicle was new, it can lose air after
a time. Check the inflation pressure regularly. It
should be 60 psi (420 kPa).
8. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push,
pull (A), and then try to turn the tire (B). If the
tire moves, use the wheel wrench to tighten
the cable.
Put back all tools as they were stored in the rear
storage compartment and put the compartment
cover back on.
442
After installing the compact spare on the vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make
sure the spare tire is correctly inflated. The
compact spare is made to perform well at speeds
up to 65 mph (105 km/h) for distances up to
3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can finish your trip
and have the full-size tire repaired or replaced
where you want. You must calibrate the tire
inflation monitor system after installing or removing
the compact spare. See Tire Pressure Monitor
System on page 410. The system may not
work correctly when the compact spare is installed
on the vehicle. Of course, it’s best to replace
the spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can.
The spare will last longer and be in good shape
in case you need it again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed,
do not take your vehicle through an automatic
car wash with guide rails. The compact
spare can get caught on the rails. That can
damage the tire and wheel, and maybe
other parts of your vehicle.
Do not use the compact spare on other vehicles.
And do not mix the compact spare tire or
wheel with other wheels or tires. They will not fit.
Keep the spare tire and its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains will not fit your compact
spare. Using them can damage your vehicle
and can damage the chains too. Do not use tire
chains on your compact spare.
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Your vehicle’s interior will continue to look its best if
it is cleaned often. Although not always visible, dust
and dirt can accumulate on your upholstery. Dirt
can damage carpet, fabric, leather, and plastic
surfaces. Regular vacuuming is recommended
to remove particles from your upholstery.
It is important to keep your upholstery from
becoming and remaining heavily soiled. Soils
should be removed as quickly as possible. Your
vehicle’s interior may experience extremes of heat
that could cause stains to set rapidly.
Lighter colored interiors may require more
frequent cleaning. Use care because newspapers
and garments that transfer color to your home
furnishings may also transfer color to your
vehicle’s interior.
When cleaning your vehicle’s interior, only use
cleaners specifically designed for the surfaces
being cleaned. Permanent damage may result
from using cleaners on surfaces for which
they were not intended. Use glass cleaner only on
glass. Remove any accidental over-spray from
other surfaces immediately. To prevent over-spray,
apply cleaner directly to the cleaning cloth.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you
could scratch the glass and/or cause damage
to the integrated radio antenna and the
rear window defogger. When cleaning the
glass on your vehicle, use only a soft cloth
and glass cleaner.
443
Many cleaners contain solvents that may become
concentrated in your vehicle’s breathing space.
Before using cleaners, read and adhere to all safety
instructions on the label. While cleaning your
vehicle’s interior, maintain adequate ventilation by
opening your vehicle’s doors and windows.
Dust may be removed from small buttons and
knobs using a small brush with soft bristles.
Your dealer has a product for cleaning your
vehicle’s glass. Should it become necessary, you
can also obtain a product from your dealer to
remove odors from your vehicle’s upholstery.
Do not clean your vehicle using the following
cleaners or techniques:
• Never use a knife or any other sharp object to
remove a soil from any interior surface.
• Never use a stiff brush. It can cause damage
to your vehicle’s interior surfaces.
444
• Neverapply heavy pressure or rub
aggressively with a cleaning cloth. Use of
heavy pressure can damage your interior and
does not improve the effectiveness of soil
removal.
• Use only mild, neutral-pH soaps. Avoid
laundry detergents or dishwashing soaps with
degreasers. Using too much soap will leave
a residue that leaves streaks and attracts dirt.
For liquid cleaners, about 20 drops per
gallon (3.78 L) of water is a good guide.
• Do not heavily saturate your upholstery while
cleaning.
• Damage to your vehicle’s interior may result
from the use of many organic solvents such
as naptha, alcohol, etc.
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush
attachment frequently to remove dust and loose
dirt. A canister vacuum with a beater bar in
the nozzle may only be used on floor carpet and
carpeted floor mats. For soils, always try to remove
them first with plain water or club soda. Before
cleaning, gently remove as much of the soil
as possible using one of the following techniques:
• For liquids: gently blot the remaining soil
with a paper towel. Allow the soil to absorb into
the paper towel until no more can be
removed.
• For solid dry soils: remove as much as
possible and then vacuum.
To clean, use the following instructions:
1. Saturate a lint-free, clean white cloth with
water or club soda.
3. Start on the outside edge of the soil and
gently rub toward the center. Continue
cleaning, using a clean area of the cloth each
time it becomes soiled.
4. Continue to gently rub the soiled area until the
cleaning cloth remains clean.
5. If the soil is not completely removed, use a
mild soap solution and repeat the cleaning
process that was used with plain water.
If any of the soil remains, a commercial fabric
cleaner or spot lifter may be necessary. When a
commercial upholstery cleaner or spot lifter is to be
used, test a small hidden area for colorfastness
first. If the locally cleaned area gives any
impression that a ring formation may result, clean
the entire surface.
After the cleaning process has been completed, a
paper towel can be used to blot excess moisture
from the fabric or carpet.
2. Wring the cloth to remove excess moisture.
445
Leather
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a soft cloth dampened with a mild soap
solution can be used. Allow the leather to dry
naturally. Do not use heat to dry. Never use steam
to clean leather. Never use spot lifters or spot
removers on leather. Many commercial leather
cleaners and coatings that are sold to preserve
and protect leather may permanently change
the appearance and feel of your leather and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner. Never use
shoe polish on your leather.
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a clean soft cloth dampened with a
mild soap solution can be used to gently remove
dust and dirt. Never use spot lifters or removers
on plastic surfaces. Many commercial cleaners and
coatings that are sold to preserve and protect
soft plastic surfaces may permanently change the
appearance and feel of your interior and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner.
Some commercial products may increase gloss on
your instrument panel. The increase in gloss
may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
446
Wood Panels
Weatherstrips
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water
(use mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood
immediately with a clean cloth.
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth. During
very cold, damp weather frequent application may
be required. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 480.
Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that
the speaker will not be damaged. Clean spots with
just water and mild soap.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you
do, it may severely weaken them. In a
crash, they might not be able to provide
adequate protection. Clean safety belts
only with mild soap and lukewarm water.
Washing Your Vehicle
The paint finish on the vehicle provides beauty,
depth of color, gloss retention, and durability.
The best way to preserve the vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm
or cold water.
Do not wash the vehicle in the direct rays of the
sun. Use a car washing soap. Do not use
strong soaps or chemical detergents. Be sure to
rinse the vehicle well, removing all soap
residue completely. Approved cleaning products
can be obtained from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 452. Do not
use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives.
447
All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly
and not allowed to dry on the surface, or they
could stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish may damage it. Use only non-abrasive
waxes and polishes that are made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish on your vehicle.
High pressure car washes may cause water to
enter the vehicle.
The vehicle has a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish. The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss
to the colored basecoat. Always use waxes
and polishes that are non-abrasive and made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and
a car washing soap to clean exterior lamps
and lenses. Follow instructions under Washing
Your Vehicle on page 447.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of the vehicle
by hand may be necessary to remove residue
from the paint finish. Approved cleaning products
can be obtained from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 452.
448
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and
other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and
tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, etc., can damage the vehicle’s
finish if they remain on painted surfaces. Wash
the vehicle as soon as possible. If necessary, use
non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for
painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging,
weather, and chemical fallout that can take their
toll over a period of years. To help keep the
paint finish looking new, keep the vehicle in a
garage or covered whenever possible.
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels
If the windshield is not clear after using the
windshield washer, or if the wiper blade chatters
when running, wax, sap, or other material may
be on the blade or windshield.
Your vehicle may have either aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a glass
cleaning liquid or powder and water solution.
The windshield is clean if beads do not form when
it is rinsed with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper
blades and affect their performance. Clean
the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked
in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then
rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as
necessary; replace blades that look worn.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean
towel. A wax may then be applied.
Notice: If you use strong soaps, chemicals,
abrasive polishes, cleaners, brushes, or
cleaners that contain acid on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels, you could damage the
surface of the wheel(s). The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Use
only GM-approved cleaners on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the
painted surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong
soaps, chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive
cleaners, cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning
brushes on them because you could damage
the surface. Do not use chrome polish on
aluminum wheels.
449
Notice: Using chrome polish on aluminum
wheels could damage the wheels. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Use chrome polish on chrome wheels only.
Tires
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels,
but avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and
buff off immediately after application.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the
paint finish and/or tires. When applying a tire
dressing, always wipe off any overspray
from all painted surfaces on your vehicle.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle through an
automatic car wash that has silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes, you could damage
the aluminum or chrome-plated wheels. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Never drive a vehicle equipped with aluminum
or chrome-plated wheels through an
automatic car wash that uses silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes.
Do not take your vehicle through an automatic car
wash that has silicone carbide tire cleaning
brushes. These brushes can also damage the
surface of these wheels.
450
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush with tire
cleaner.
Sheet Metal Damage
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body
repair shop applies anti-corrosion material to parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion
protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will
provide the corrosion protection while maintaining
the warranty.
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in
the finish should be repaired right away. Bare
metal will corrode quickly and may develop into
major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can
create a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and attack painted surfaces on the
vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy,
ring-shaped discolorations, and small, irregular
dark spots etched into the paint surface.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with
touch-up materials available from your dealer.
Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected in
your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of
purchase, whichever occurs first.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and
dust control can collect on the underbody. If these
are not removed, corrosion and rust can develop
on the underbody parts such as fuel lines,
frame, floor pan, and exhaust system even though
they have corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from
the underbody with plain water. Clean any
areas where mud and debris can collect. Dirt
packed in close areas of the frame should
be loosened before being flushed. Your dealer
or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
451
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Tar and Road
Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
Chrome and Wire
Wheel Cleaner
Finish Enhancer
452
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Removes tar, road oil,
and asphalt.
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Cleans vinyl.
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
and wipe off.
Description
Swirl Remover Polish
Cleaner Wax
Foaming Tire Shine
Low Gloss
Wash Wax Concentrate
Spot Lifter
Odor Eliminator
Usage
Removes swirl marks, fine
scratches, and other light
surface contamination.
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Cleans, shines, and
protects in one step. No
wiping necessary.
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Quickly removes spots
and stains from carpets,
vinyl, and cloth upholstery.
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
Vehicle Identification
Engine Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
The eighth character in the VIN is the engine
code. This code helps you identify your vehicle’s
engine, specifications, and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It
appears on a plate in the front corner of the
instrument panel, on the driver side. You can see
it if you look through the windshield from outside
your vehicle. The VIN also appears on the Vehicle
Certification and Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
This labelis in the passenger side rear storage
compartment or at the lower edge of the liftgate. It
is very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
The label has the following information:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
• Model designation
• Paint information
• Production options and special equipment
Do not remove this label from the vehicle.
453
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Do not add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer
first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage would not
be covered by your warranty. Some add-on
electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Add-on equipment can drain your vehicle’s battery,
even if your vehicle is not operating.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to add anything electrical to your
vehicle, see Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 87.
454
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an
internal circuit breaker. If the wiper motor
overheats due to heavy snow, the wipers will stop
until the motor cools and will then restart.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and
power seats. When the current load is too
heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or
goes away.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Underhood Fuse Block
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected
from short circuits by a combination of fuses
and circuit breakers. This greatly reduces
the chance of fires caused by electrical problems.
The underhood fuse block is located in the engine
compartment on the right side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 356
for more information on location.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse.
If the band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.
Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a new
one of the identical size and rating. If a fuse blows,
see your dealer for service immediately.
If you ever have a problem on the road and
don’t have a spare fuse, you can “borrow” one
that has the same amperage. Pick some
feature of your vehicle that you can get along
without – like the radio or cigarette lighter – and
use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage. Replace
it as soon as you can.
The fuses are located in three fuse blocks, one
located in the engine compartment on the
passenger’s side and the other two under the
rear seat.
To access the fuses, push in the two tabs located
on each side of the fuse block cover. Then lift
the cover off.
455
Relays
FAN 2 HC
MICRO
FAN S/P HC
MICRO
456
Usage
Right Side Engine Cooling
Fan Motors
Series/Parallel Engine
Cooling Fan
Relays
FRNT
WASHER SS
MICRO
FAN 1 HC
MICRO
Usage
Front Washer Pump
Left Side Engine Cooling
Fan Motors
Relays
FOG LAMP SS
MICRO
SPARE
IGN MAIN SS
MICRO
STRTR HC
MICRO
PWR/TRN HC
MICRO
HI BEAM SS
MICRO
BLWR HC
MICRO
WPR HC
MICRO
WPR HI HC
MICRO
HEAD LAMP
WASH HC
MICRO
LO BEAM-LP
MICRO/HID-HC
MICRO
REAR WASH
SS MICRO
Usage
Front Fog Lamps
Spare
Ignition Switch (ON)
Starter Solenoid
Powertrain/Engine Control Module
High-Beam Headlamps
Front Blower Motor Assembly
Windshield Wiper System - On/Off
Windshield Wiper System Low/High
Headlamp Washer Pump (Option)
Relays
HORN SS
MICRO
A/C CMPRSR
CLTCH SS
MICRO
FUEL PUMP
SS MICRO
ACCY SS
MICRO
J Case Fuses
FAN 2
SPARE
FAN 1
SPARE
STRTR
LPDB 2
ABS MOTOR
Low-Beam Headlamps
Rear Washer Pump
LPDB 1
RPDB 1
SPARE
Usage
Horn
Air Conditioning Compressor Clutch
Fuel Pump
Accessory Power (Rear Wipers,
Inside Rearview Mirror)
Usage
Right Cooling Fan Motor
Spare
Left Cooling Fan Motor
Spare
Starter Solenoid
LRPDB (Left Side Rear
Power Distribution Box)
Anti-lock Brake System Module
LRPDB (Left Side Rear
Power Distribution Box)
RRPDB (Right Side Rear
Power Distribution Box)
Spare
457
J Case Fuses
BLWR
RPDB 2
Mini Fuses
FRNT
WASHER
SPARE
SPARE
Usage
Front Blower Motor Assembly
RRPDB (Right Side Rear
Power Distribution Box)
Usage
Front Washer Pump
Spare
Spare
Sensing Diagnostic Module (SDM),
AIRBAG
Occupant Sensor Display,
Instrument Cluster
Anti-lock Braking System Ignition,
ABS IGN
Variable Effort Steering
IGN SW
Ignition Switch, Immobilizer Module
Control Module/Transmission
ECM/TCM IGN Engine
Control Module Ignition Power
MISC IGN
Air Quality Sensor
Pre 02 Sensors, Cam Phasor (V6),
EMISSION 1 Canister Purge (V6), Intake Manifold
Tuning Valve (V6)
SPARE
Spare
458
Mini Fuses
Usage
Instrument Panel Cluster, Climate
DISPLAY
Control Module, Front Blower Relay,
Diagnostic Link Connector
LED Instrument Panel Dimming,
BCM 2
Overhead Lamps, Vanity Lamps
Even Ignition Coils, Even Fuel
EVEN COILS Injectors
Right Side Rear Stoplamp, Turn
BCM 6
Lamps, Key Capture Solenoid
RADIO
Radio
Odd
Ignition Coils, Odd Fuel
ODD COILS
Injectors
BCM 1
Body Control Module (BCM) Power
LT HI BEAM Left Side High-Beam Headlamp
BCM 7/CLOCK Switch Dimming, Analog Clock
SPARE
Spare
Cooling Fan Relays, Air
Clutch Relay, Post O2
EMISSION 2 Conditioning
Sensors, Mass Airflow Sensor,
Canister Purge (V8)
ECM BATT
Engine Control Module (ECM)
Mini Fuses
RT HI BEAM
RVC SNSR
FOG LAMP
ECM 1
BCM 5
WPR
SPARE
BCM 4
CIG
RT LO BEAM
AUX OUTLET
Usage
Right Side High-Beam Headlamp
Battery Regulated Voltage
Control Sense
Front Fog Lamps
Engine Control Module (ECM)
Left Side Front Turn Lamps,
Rear Stoplamps, Turn Lamps
Windshield Wiper Motor
Spare
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL), Back-up Lamps
Instrument Panel Accessory Power
Outlet (Cigarette Lighter)
Right Side Low-Beam Headlamp
Center Console Accessory
Power Outlet
Mini Fuses
LT LO BEAM
TCM BATT
ACCY WPR
SPARE
SPARE
REAR WASH
HORN
A/C CLTCH
FUEL PUMP
Usage
Left Side Low-Beam Headlamp
Transmission Control Module (TCM)
Rear Wiper Motor & Switch,
Inside Rearview Mirror
Spare
Spare
Rear Washer Pump
Horn Assembly
Air Conditioning Compressor Clutch
Fuel Pump
Circuit Breaker
Usage
HEADLAMP
Headlamp Washer Pump (Optional)
WASH
459
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
(Left Side)
The left side rear fuse block is located under the
rear seat on the left side of the vehicle. The carpet
must be lifted up to access the rear fuse block.
To access the fuse block, push in the two tabs
located at each end of the fuse block cover.
Then lift the cover off.
Relays
STOP RELAY
MINI
ELC RELAY
MINI
PRK LAMP
RELAY MICRO
REAR FOG
LAMP RLY
MICRO
SPARE
R POSITION
RELAY MICRO
LH POS PRK
LAMP RELAY
MICRO
SPARE
Mini Fuses
SWC
RSA/RSE
ONSTAR
TV/XM
3RD ROW
SW/RFA
AMP
460
Usage
Not Used
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Compressor Motor
License Lamps
Not Used
Spare
Not Used
Front & Rear Park Lamps
Not Used
Usage
Steering Wheel Controls
Rear Seat Entertainment, Rear Seat
Audio
OnStar® Module, XM Radio
Flip Fold Seat Switches, Remote
Keyless Entry System Module
Audio Amplifier
Mini Fuses
RSM
DRIVER DR
MOD
STOP LAMPS
MARKER
LAMP
LH PRK POS
LAMPS
RH PRK
LAMPS
TRLR PRK
LAMPS
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
Usage
Rear Seat Module, Flip/Fold Motors
Driver Door Module (Locks, Outside
Rearview Mirror, Window Switches)
Not Used
J Case Fuses
SPARE
License Lamps
Circuit
Usage
Breakers
PWR WNDWS Power Window Motors
Left Side Taillamp, Left Side Front
Park Lamps, Sidemarker Lamps
Right Side Taillamp, Right Side
Front Park Lamps, Sidemarker
Lamps
Trailer Park Lamps
ELC
Usage
Spare
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Compressor
Misc.
Usage
FUSE PULLER Fuse Puller
JOINT
CONNECTOR Joint Connector
Spare
Spare
Spare
Memory
Seat Module, Ultrasonic
MEMORY RPA Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) Module
APO
Rear Auxiliary Power Outlet
PRK LAMP LH Park Lamp Relay
POS
REAR FOG
Not Used
LAMP
RH POS LAMP Right Side Taillamp
461
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
(Right Side)
The right side rear fuse block is located under the
rear seat on the right side of the vehicle. The carpet
must be lifted up to access the rear fuse block.
To access the fuse block, push in the two tabs
located at each end of the fuse block cover.
Then lift the cover off.
462
Relays
REAR DEFOG
RELAY MINI
SPARE
SPARE
UNLOCK
RELAY MICRO
SPARE
LCK RELAY
MICRO
RUN RELAY
HC MICRO
SPARE
Mini Fuses
WPR ISRVM
VICS
THEFT
UGDO/RFA
SPARE
CANISTER
VENT
PLG
Usage
Rear Window Defogger
Spare
Spare
Rear Door Locks
Spare
Rear Door Locks
Rear Air Conditioning Blower Motor,
Climate Control Ignition
Spare
Usage
Rear Wiper Switch, Inside
Rearview Mirror
Garage Door Opener, Keyless
Entry System
Spare
Canister Vent Solenoid
Power Liftgate Module
Mini Fuses
Usage
REAR DEFOG Rear Window Defogger
SPARE
Spare
Hush Panel Lamps, Overhead
BCM 3
Courtesy Lamp Assembly, Right
Side Front Turn Lamp
REAR A/C
Rear Air Conditioning System
RUN
Climate Control Module
HDT STR WHL Not Used
SPARE
Spare
SPARE
Spare
SPARE
Spare
DR LCK
Rear Door Locks
Passenger Door Module (Locks,
PDM
Outside Mirror, Window Switches)
Sensing Diagnostic Module (SDM),
SIR
Occupant Sensor, Roll-over Sensor
SPARE
Spare
MRRTD
Suspension Module
Electronic
Leveling Compressor
ELC
(ELC) Exhaust Solenoid, ELC Relay
J Case Fuses
Usage
SUNROOF MOD Power Sunroof Module
PWR LIFT
Power Liftgate Motors
GATE
Circuit
Breakers
PWR SEATS
Usage
Power Seat Motors
Misc.
Usage
FUSE PULLER Fuse Puller
JOINT
CONNECTOR Joint Connector
463
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 480 for more information.
Application
Air Conditioning Refrigerant
Capacities
English
Metric
For the air conditioning system refrigerant charge
amount, see the refrigerant caution label located
under the hood. See your dealer for more
information.
Automatic Transmission (Pan Removal and Replacement)
5-Speed Automatic
7.4 qt
7.0 L
6-Speed Automatic
7.3 qt
6.9 L
3.6L V6
11.7 qt
11.1 L
4.6L V8
12.5 qt
11.8 L
3.6L V6
6.0 qt
5.7 L
4.6L V8
8.0 qt
7.6 L
Cooling System
Engine Oil with Filter
464
Capacities
Application
English
Metric
Fuel Tank
20.0 gal
75.7 L
Wheel Nut Torque
100 lb ft
140 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Engine Specifications
Engine
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
3.6L V6
7
Automatic
0.044 inches (1.1 mm)
4.6L V8
A
Automatic
0.050 inches (1.27 mm)
465
✍ NOTES
466
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 468
Introduction ............................................... 468
Maintenance Requirements ........................ 468
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 468
Using the Maintenance Schedule ............... 469
Scheduled Maintenance ............................. 471
Additional Required Services ..................... 473
Maintenance Footnotes .............................. 474
Owner Checks and Services ..................... 476
At Each Fuel Fill ....................................... 476
At Least Once a Month ............................. 477
At Least Once a Year ............................... 477
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ........ 480
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ... 482
Engine Drive Belt Routing ......................... 483
Maintenance Record .................................. 484
467
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level
and change as recommended.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks,
inspections, replacement parts, and
recommended fluids and lubricants as
prescribed in this manual are necessary to
keep your vehicle in good working condition.
Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance might not be covered
by warranty.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The
Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties.
See your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet
or your dealer for details.
468
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep
your vehicle in good working condition, but also
helps the environment. All recommended
maintenance is important. Improper vehicle
maintenance can even affect the quality of the air
we breathe. Improper fluid levels or the wrong
tire inflation can increase the level of emissions
from your vehicle. To help protect our environment,
and to keep your vehicle in good condition, be
sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using the Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do
not know exactly how you will drive it. You may
drive very short distances only a few times a week.
Or you may drive long distances all the time in
very hot, dusty weather. You may use your vehicle
in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to
work, to do errands, or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need
more frequent checks and replacements. So please
read the following and note how you drive. If you
have any questions on how to keep your vehicle in
good condition, see your GM Goodwrench® dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within
recommended limits. You will find these limits
on the Tire and Loading Information label.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 322.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within
legal driving limits.
• are driven off-road in the recommended
manner. See Off-Road Driving on page 291.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline
Octane on page 349.
469
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on
page 471 should be performed when indicated.
See Additional Required Services on page 473 and
Maintenance Footnotes on page 474 for further
information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a
vehicle can be dangerous. In trying to do
some jobs, you can be seriously injured.
Do your own maintenance work only if
you have the required know-how and the
proper tools and equipment for the job. If
you have any doubt, see your GM
Goodwrench® dealer to have a qualified
technician do the work. See Doing Your
Own Service Work on page 348.
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should have your
GM Goodwrench® dealer do these jobs.
470
When you go to your GM Goodwrench® dealer for
your service needs, you will know that GM-trained
and supported service technicians will perform
the work using genuine GM parts.
If you want to purchase service information, see
Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 505.
Owner Checks and Services on page 476 tells you
what should be checked, when to check it, and
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids, and
lubricants to use are listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 480 and Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 482.
When your vehicle is serviced, make sure these
are used. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
comes on, it means that service is required for your
vehicle. Have your vehicle serviced as soon as
possible within the next 600 miles (1 000 km). It is
possible that, if you are driving under the best
conditions, the engine oil life system may not
indicate that vehicle service is necessary for over a
year. However, the engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at this time the
system must be reset. Your GM Goodwrench®
dealer has GM-trained service technicians who will
perform this work using genuine GM parts and reset
the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset
accidentally, you must service your vehicle within
3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last service.
Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See Engine Oil Life System on
page 363 for information on the Engine Oil Life
System and resetting the system.
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
appears, certain services, checks, and inspections
are required. Required services are described
in the following for “Maintenance I” and
“Maintenance II.” Generally, it is recommended
that your first service be Maintenance I, your
second service be Maintenance II, and that you
alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases,
Maintenance II may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message comes on
within 10 months since the vehicle was purchased
or Maintenance II was performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the
previous service performed was Maintenance I.
Always use Maintenance II whenever the message
comes on 10 months or more since the last
service or if the message has not come on at all
for one year.
471
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. See Engine Oil on page 360. Reset oil life system.
See Engine Oil Life System on page 363. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Lubricate chassis components. See footnote #.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (g).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 365. See footnote (k).
•
Check tires for inflation pressures and wear. See Tires on page 398.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services”
in this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Replace passenger compartment air filter. See footnote (j).
•
472
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated
miles (kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage or
leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Replace engine air cleaner filter. See
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 365.
•
•
•
For vehicles used for trailer towing:
Change transfer case fluid.
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission fluid
and filter (severe service).
See footnote (h).
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission fluid
and filter (normal service).
•
Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
•
473
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Engine cooling system service (or every
five years, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (l).
•
If using DOT-4 brake fluid, change
brake fluid at a regular maintenance
service every two years.
See footnote (m).
Maintenance Footnotes
# Lubricate the front suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, and parking brake
cable guides. Control arm ball joints require
lubrication but should not be lubricated unless
their temperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher, or they
could be damaged.
474
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for
proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for
surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose, or missing
parts, signs of wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect
power steering lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced
if they are cracked, swollen, or deteriorated.
Inspect all pipes, fittings and clamps; replace with
genuine GM parts as needed. To help ensure
proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap and cleaning the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or
cracking. Replace wiper blades that appear worn
or damaged or that streak or miss areas of
the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all
your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors, and
anchorages are working properly. Look for
any other loose or damaged safety belt system
parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced. Also
look for any opened or broken airbag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. The
airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, hood latch
assemblies, secondary latch, pivots, spring anchor,
release pawl, hood hinges, body door hinges,
rear compartment hinges, sunroof tracks, and any
folding seat hardware. More frequent lubrication
could be required when exposed to a corrosive
environment. Applying silicone grease on
weatherstrips with a clean cloth will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
See Weatherstrips on page 447.
(g) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could
indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired and the fluid level checked. Add fluid
if needed.
(h) Change automatic transmission fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or
higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police, or delivery
service.
475
(i) Drain, flush, and refill cooling system. This
service can be complex; you should have
your dealer perform this service. See Engine
Coolant on page 368 for what to use. Inspect
hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap,
and filler neck. Pressure test the cooling
system and pressure cap.
(j) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions,
the filter could require replacement more often.
(k) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions,
inspect the filter at each engine oil change.
(l) Visually inspect belt for fraying, excessive
cracks, or obvious damage. Replace belt if
necessary.
(m) If using DOT-4 brake fluid only: Drain, flush,
and refill brake hydraulic system at a regular
maintenance service (I or II) every two years. This
service can be complex; you should have your
dealer perform this service. See Brakes on
page 381.
476
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be
performed at the intervals specified to help ensure
the safety, dependability, and emission control
performance of your vehicle. Your GM
Goodwrench® dealer can assist you with these
checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at
once. Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added
to your vehicle, make sure they are the proper
ones, as shown in Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 480.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these underhood checks
at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 360 for
further details.
Notice: It is important to check the engine oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level.
Failure to keep the engine oil at the proper
level can cause damage to the engine not
covered by your warranty.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary. See
Engine Coolant on page 368 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in
the windshield washer fluid reservoir and add the
proper fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Visually inspect your vehicle’s tires and make
sure they are inflated to the correct pressures.
Do not forget to check the spare tire. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 407. Check to
make sure the spare tire is stored securely.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 424.
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the
vehicle moves, you or others could be
injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the
regular brake. See Parking Brake on
page 127.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if
it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The
vehicle should start only in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). If the vehicle starts in any
other position, contact your GM Goodwrench®
dealer for service.
477
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock
Control System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the
vehicle moves, you or others could be
injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked
on a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking
Brake on page 127.
Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
478
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to ON,
but do not start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the
shift lever moves out of PARK (P), contact
your GM Goodwrench® dealer for service.
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try
to turn the ignition to OFF in each shift lever
position.
• The ignition should turn to OFF only when the
shift lever is in PARK (P).
• The ignition key should come out only in OFF.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service
is required.
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transmission Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your
vehicle could begin to move. You or
others could be injured and property
could be damaged. Make sure there is
room in front of your vehicle in case it
begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle
begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular
brake, set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability:
With the engine running and transmission in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure
from the regular brake pedal. Do this until the
vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to
PARK (P). Then release the parking brake
followed by the regular brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take
care to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and
other debris can collect.
479
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number, or specification can be obtained from
your dealer.
Usage
Engine Oil
480
Fluid/Lubricant
The engine requires a special
engine oil meeting GM Standard
GM4718M. Oils meeting this
standard can be identified as
synthetic, and should also be
identified with the American
Petroleum Institute (API) Certified
for Gasoline Engines starburst
symbol. However, not all synthetic
API oils with the starburst symbol
will meet this GM standard. You
should look for and use only an oil
that meets GM Standard GM4718M.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the
requirements for your vehicle. For
the proper viscosity, see Engine Oil
on page 360.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only DEX-COOL®
Engine Coolant
Coolant. See Engine Coolant on
page 368.
Hydraulic Brake Delco® Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Washer
Power Steering Fluid
Power Steering GM
(GM
Part No. U.S. 89021184,
System
in Canada 89021186).
Automatic
Transmission
Key Lock
Cylinders
Chassis
Lubrication
DEXRON®-VI Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985,
in Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
SAE 75W-90 Synthetic
Axle Lubricant
Front and Rear (GM Part No. U.S. 12378261,
Axle
in Canada 10953455) meeting
GM Specification 9986115.
Manual Transmission Fluid
Transfer Case (GM Part No. U.S. 88861800,
in Canada 88861801).
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Hood Hinges (GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Body Door
Hinge Pins,
Tailgate Hinge Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
and Linkage,
Part No. U.S. 12346241,
Folding Seats, (GM
Sunroof Tracks, in Canada 10953474).
and Fuel Door
Hinge
Usage
Outer Tailgate
Handle Pivot
Points
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Weatherstrip
Squeaks
Fluid/Lubricant
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 3634770,
in Canada 10953518) or Dielectric
Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Synthetic Grease with Teflon,
Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12371287,
in Canada 10953437).
481
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from
your dealer.
Part
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil Filter
3.6L V6
4.6L V8
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Particle and Odor Filter
Particle Filter
Spark Plugs
3.6L V6
4.6L V8
Windshield Wiper Blade Assembly
Driver’s Side – 22 inches (56.5 cm)
Passenger’s Side – 21 inches (53.3 cm)
Rear Wiper Blade- 13 inches (33.0 cm)
482
25735595
ACDelco® Part
Numbers
A2944C
25177917
89017342
PF2129
PF61
88957450
25740404
CF130C
CF133
12597464
12571535
41-990
41-987
12367281
88892785
15209055
—
—
—
GM Part Numbers
Engine Drive Belt Routing
4.6L V8 Engine
3.6L V6 Engine
483
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service,
and the type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 468.
Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 476 can be added on the following
record pages. You should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
484
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
485
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
486
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance and Information ....... 488
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ............... 488
Online Owner Center ................................. 490
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users .......................... 491
Customer Assistance Offices ..................... 491
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ........ 492
Roadside Service ...................................... 493
Courtesy Transportation ............................. 496
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders ...................................... 498
Collision Damage Repair ........................... 500
Reporting Safety Defects ............................ 504
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..................... 504
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ............................ 504
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors ...................................... 505
Service Publications Ordering Information .... 505
487
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important
to your dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any
concerns with the sales transaction or the
operation of your vehicle will be resolved by
your dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions
of all concerned, misunderstandings can occur.
If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns
can be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter
has already been reviewed with the sales,
service or parts manager, contact the owner of the
dealership or the general manager.
488
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern
cannot be resolved by the dealership without
further help, contact the Cadillac Customer
Assistance Center, 24 hours a day, by calling
1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact the Canadian
Cadillac Customer Communication Centre by
calling 1-888-446-2000.
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in
order to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please
have the following information available to give
the Customer Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). This is
available from the vehicle registration or
title, or the plate at the top left of the
instrument panel and visible through the
windshield.
• Dealership name and location.
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage.
When contacting Cadillac, please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s
facility. That is why we suggest you follow
Step One first if you have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your
dealer are committed to making sure you are
completely satisfied with your new vehicle.
However, if you continue to remain unsatisfied
after following the procedure outlined in Steps One
and Two, you should file with the BBB Auto Line
Program to enforce any additional rights you
may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information
booklet for information on the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court
program administered by the Council of Better
Business Bureaus to settle automotive disputes
regarding vehicle repairs or the interpretation
of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Although you
may be required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case
will generally be heard within 40 days. If you do
not agree with the decision given in your case, you
may reject it and proceed with any other venue
for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program
using the toll-free telephone number or write them
at the following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited
by vehicle age, mileage and other factors. General
Motors reserves the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or discontinue its participation in
this program.
489
Online Owner Center
My GM Canada (Canada only)
Online Owner Center
(United States only)
My GM Canada is a password-protected section
of gmcanada.com where you can save information
on GM vehicles, get personalized offers, and
use handy tools and forms with greater ease.
The Owner Center is a resource for your
GM ownership needs. Specific vehicle information
can be found in one place.
The Online Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific
vehicle, including tips and videos and
an electronic version of this owner manual.
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history
and maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges
only available to members.
Here are a few of the valuable tools and services
you will have access to:
− My Showroom: Find and save information on
vehicles and current offers in your area.
− My Dealers/Retailers: Save details such as
address and phone number for each of
your preferred GM Dealers or Retailers.
− My Driveway: Receive service reminders and
helpful advice on owning and maintaining
your vehicle.
− My Preferences: Manage your profile,
subscribe to E-News and use tools and forms
with greater ease.
Refer to www.MyGMLink.com on the web for
updated information and to register your vehicle.
To sign up to My GM Canada, visit the My GM
Canada section within www.gmcanada.com.
490
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of
hearing, or speech-impaired and who use Text
Telephones (TTYs), Cadillac has TTY equipment
available at its Customer Assistance Center.
Any TTY user can communicate with Cadillac by
dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622). (TTY users
in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the
toll-free number for assistance. However, if a
customer wishes to write or e-mail Cadillac, refer
to the addresses below.
United States — Customer Assistance
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
www.Cadillac.com
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada — Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication
Centre, CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-888-446-2000
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
491
Overseas — Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors
Business Unit.
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) — Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
This program, available to qualified applicants,
can reimburse you up to $1,000 of the cost
of eligible aftermarket adaptive equipment required
for your vehicle, such as hand controls or a
wheelchair/scooter lift.
The offer is available for a very limited period of
time from the date of vehicle purchase/lease.
For more details, or to determine your vehicle’s
eligibility, visit gmmobility.com or call the GM
Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
492
Roadside Service
In the United States or Canada, call
1-800-882-1112. Service is available 24 hours a
day, 365 days a year.
Who Is Covered?
Roadside Assistance coverage is for the vehicle
operator, regardless of ownership. A person driving
this vehicle without the consent of the owner is
not eligible for coverage.
The following services are provided in the United
States during the Bumper-to-Bumper warranty
period and in Canada, during the Base Warranty
coverage period of the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, up to a maximum coverage of $100.
These services are provided at a nominal charge
if the Cadillac is no longer covered by the
warranties listed previously. Roadside Service is
available only in the United States and Canada.
Cadillac Owner Privileges™
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner
Privileges™ at “no charge,” throughout your
Cadillac Warranty Period — 48 months/
50,000 miles (80 000 km).
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for
the following situations:
• Towing Service: Emergency towing from a
public roadway or highway to the nearest
dealership for warranty service or in the event
of a vehicle-disabling accident. Winch-out
assistance when the vehicle is mired in sand,
mud, or snow.
• Battery Jump Starting: No-start occurrences
which require a battery jump start will be
covered at no charge.
• Lock Out Assistance: To ensure security,
the driver must present the vehicle registration
and personal ID before lock-out service is
provided. Lock-out service will be covered at
no charge if you are unable to gain entry
into your vehicle. If your vehicle will not start,
Roadside Service will arrange to have
your vehicle towed to the nearest authorized
dealership. In the United States, replacement
keys made at the customer’s expense will
be delivered within 10 miles.
493
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel for the
customer to get to the nearest service station
(approximately $5 in the United States and
10 litres in Canada).
• Flat Tire Change (Covers change only):
Installation of your spare tire, in good
condition, will be covered at no charge. The
customer is responsible for the repair or
replacement of the tire if not covered by a
warrantable failure.
• Trip Interruption: If your trip is interrupted
due to a warranty failure, incidental expenses
may be reimbursed during the
48 months/50,000 miles (80 000 km) warranty
period. Items covered are hotel, meals,
and rental car.
494
Additional Services for Canadian
Customers
• Trip Routing Service: Upon request, Cadillac
Roadside Service will send you detailed,
computer-personalized maps, highlighting your
choice of either the most direct route or the
most scenic route to your destination,
anywhere in North America, along with any
helpful travel information we may have
pertaining to your trip. To request this service,
please call us toll-free at 1-800-268-6800.
We will make every attempt to send your
personalized trip routing as quickly as
possible, but it is best to allow three weeks
before your planned departure date. Trip
routing requests will be limited to six
per calendar year.
• Alternative Service: There may be times
when Roadside Service cannot provide
timely assistance. Your advisor may authorize
you to secure local emergency road service,
and you will be reimbursed up to $100
upon submission of the original receipt to
Cadillac Roadside Service®.
Cadillac Technician Roadside Service
(U.S. only)
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more
than an auto club or towing service. It provides
every Cadillac owner in the United States with the
advantage of contacting a Cadillac advisor and,
where available, a Cadillac trained dealer
technician who can provide on-site service.
A dealer technician will travel to your location
within a 30 mile (50 km) radius of a participating
Cadillac dealership. If beyond this radius, we
will arrange to have your car towed to the nearest
Cadillac dealership. Each technician travels
with a specially equipped service vehicle complete
with the necessary Cadillac parts and tools
required to handle most roadside repairs.
Calling for Assistance
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling,
please provide the following to the Roadside
Service Representative:
• A description of the problem
• Name, home address, home telephone
number
• Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
• The model year, Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN), odometer reading, and date of delivery
While we hope you never have the occasion to use
our service, it is added security while traveling
for you and your family. Remember, we are only a
phone call away. In the United States or Canada,
customers call Roadside Service: 1-800-882-1112.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or
Canada 1-888-889-2438 — daily, 24 hours.
495
Cadillac and General Motors of Canada Limited
reserve the right to limit services or reimbursement
to an owner or driver when, in their sole discretion,
the claims become excessive in frequency or type
of occurrence.
Roadside Service is not part of or included in the
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Cadillac General Motors of Canada
Limited reserve the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Roadside Service program at
any time without notification.
Towing and Road Service Exclusions
Specifically excluded from Roadside Service
coverage are towing or services for vehicles
operated on a non-public roadway or highway,
fines, impound towing caused by a violation
of local, Municipal, State, Provincial or Federal
law, and mounting, dismounting or changing
of snow tires, chains, or other traction devices.
Courtesy Transportation
To enhance your ownership experience, we and
our participating dealers are proud to offer
Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
496
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
customers in conjunction with the
Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs
are required. This will reduce your inconvenience
during warranty repairs.
Scheduling Service Appointments
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an
appointment. By scheduling a service appointment
and advising your service consultant of your
transportation needs, your dealer can help
minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can
be scheduled for service, unless, of course, the
problem is safety-related. If it is, please call your
dealership, let them know this, and ask for
instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the
vehicle off for service, you are urged to do so as
early in the work day as possible to allow for
the same day repair.
Transportation Options
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Warranty service can generally be completed
while you wait. However, if you are unable to wait,
GM helps to minimize your inconvenience by
providing several transportation options.
Depending on the circumstances, your dealer can
offer you one of the following:
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a
courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for
a rental vehicle that you obtain if your vehicle is
kept for a warranty repair. Reimbursement
will be limited to a maximum amount per day and
must be supported by receipts. This requires
that you sign and complete a rental agreement and
meet state, local and rental vehicle provider
requirements. Requirements vary and may include
minimum age requirements, insurance coverage,
credit card, etc. You are responsible for fuel usage
charges and may also be responsible for taxes,
levies, usage fees, excessive mileage or rental
usage beyond the completion of the repair.
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with
minimal interruption of your daily schedule. This
includes one-way or round trip shuttle service to a
destination up to 10 miles (16 km) from the
dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle
as a courtesy rental.
If your vehicle requires warranty repairs,
reimbursement of public transportation expenses
may be available, for up to a maximum of five days.
In addition, should you arrange transportation
through a friend or relative, reimbursement for
reasonable fuel expenses may be available, up to a
five-day maximum. Claim amounts should reflect
actual costs and be supported by original receipts.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but
it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. A separate booklet entitled Warranty
and Owner Assistance Information furnished with
each new vehicle provides detailed warranty
coverage information.
497
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such
as shuttle service, may not be available at
every dealer. Please contact your dealer for
specific information about availability. All Courtesy
Transportation arrangements will be administered
by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during
the Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the
General Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, alternative transportation may be
available under the Courtesy Transportation
Program. Please consult your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally
modify, change or discontinue Courtesy
Transportation at any time and to resolve all
questions of claim eligibility pursuant to the terms
and conditions described herein at its sole
discretion.
498
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has
a number of sophisticated computer systems that
monitor and control several aspects of the vehicle’s
performance. Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle
computers to monitor emission control components
to optimize fuel economy, to monitor conditions for
airbag deployment and, if so equipped, to provide
anti-lock braking and to help the driver control the
vehicle in difficult driving situations. Some
information may be stored during regular operations
to facilitate repair of detected malfunctions; other
information is stored only in a crash event by
computer systems, such as those commonly called
Event Data Recorders (EDR).
In a crash event, computer systems, such as the
airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM)
in your vehicle may record information about the
condition of the vehicle and how it was operated,
such as data related to engine speed, brake
application, throttle position, vehicle speed, safety
belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag performance,
and the severity of a collision.
If your vehicle is equipped with StabiliTrak®,
steering performance, including yaw rate, steering
wheel angle, and lateral acceleration, is also
recorded. This information has been used
to improve vehicle crash performance and may be
used to improve crash performance of future
vehicles and driving safety. Unlike the data
recorders on many airplanes, these on-board
systems do not record sounds, such as
conversation of vehicle occupants.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data,
GM may:
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where
appropriate confidentiality is to be maintained
and need is shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a
specific vehicle with non-GM organizations
for research purposes.
To read this information, special equipment is
needed and access to the vehicle or the device
that stores the data is required. GM will not access
information about a crash event or share it with
others other than:
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the
lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or
similar government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through
the discovery process, or
• as required by law.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have
access to the special equipment that can read the
information if they have access to the vehicle
or the device that stores the data.
If your vehicle has OnStar®, please check the
OnStar® subscription service agreement or manual
for information on its operations and data
collection.
499
Collision Damage Repair
If your vehicle is involved in a collision and it is
damaged, have the damage repaired by a qualified
technician using the proper equipment and
quality replacement parts. Poorly performed
collision repairs will diminish your vehicle’s resale
value, and safety performance can be
compromised in subsequent collisions.
Collision Parts
Genuine GM Collision parts are new parts made
with the same materials and construction methods
as the parts with which your vehicle was
originally built. Genuine GM Collision parts are
your best choice to assure that your vehicle’s
designed appearance, durability and safety are
preserved. The use of Genuine GM parts can help
maintain your GM New Vehicle Warranty.
Recycled original equipment parts may also be
used for repair. These parts are typically removed
from vehicles that were total losses in prior
accidents. In most cases, the parts being recycled
are from undamaged sections of the vehicle.
500
A recycled original equipment GM part, may be an
acceptable choice to maintain your vehicle’s
originally designed appearance and safety
performance, however, the history of these parts
is not known. Such parts are not covered by
your GM New Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any
related failures are not covered by that warranty.
Aftermarket collision parts are also available. These
are made by companies other than GM and may
not have been tested for your vehicle. As a result,
these parts may fit poorly, exhibit premature
durability/corrosion problems, and may not perform
properly in subsequent collisions. Aftermarket parts
are not covered by your GM New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, and any vehicle failure related to such
parts are not covered by that warranty.
Repair Facility
GM also recommends that you choose a collision
repair facility that meets your needs before you
ever need collision repairs. Your GM dealer
may have a collision repair center with GM-trained
technicians and state of the art equipment, or
be able to recommend a collision repair center that
has GM-trained technicians and comparable
equipment.
Insuring Your Vehicle
If an Accident Occurs
Protect your investment in your GM vehicle with
comprehensive and collision insurance coverage.
There are significant differences in the quality
of coverage afforded by various insurance policy
terms. Many insurance policies provide reduced
protection to your GM vehicle by limiting
compensation for damage repairs by using
aftermarket collision parts. Some insurance
companies will not specify aftermarket collision
parts. When purchasing insurance, we recommend
that you assure your vehicle will be repaired
with GM original equipment collision parts. If such
insurance coverage is not available from your
current insurance carrier, consider switching
to another insurance carrier.
Here is what to do if you are involved in an
accident.
• Try to relax and then check to make sure you
are all right. If you are uninjured, make sure
that no one else in your vehicle, or the
other vehicle, is injured.
• If there has been an injury, call 911 for help.
Do not leave the scene of an accident until
all matters have been taken care of. Move
your vehicle only if its position puts you
in danger or you are instructed to move it by a
police officer.
• Give only the necessary and requested
information to police and other parties involved
in the accident. Do not discuss your personal
condition, mental frame of mind, or anything
unrelated to the accident. This will help guard
against post-accident legal action.
• If you need roadside assistance, call
GM Roadside Assistance. See Roadside
Service on page 493 for more information.
If your vehicle is leased, the leasing company may
require you to have insurance that assures
repairs with Genuine GM Original Equipment
Manufacturer (OEM) parts or Genuine
Manufacturer replacement parts. Read your lease
carefully, as you may be charged at the end of
your lease for poor quality repairs.
501
• If your vehicle cannot be driven, know where
• If possible, call your insurance company from
the towing service will be taking it. Get a
card from the tow truck operator or write down
the driver’s name, the service’s name, and
the phone number.
• Remove any valuables from your vehicle
before it is towed away. Make sure this
includes your insurance information and
registration if you keep these items in your
vehicle.
• Gather the important information you will need
from the other driver. Things like name,
address, phone number, driver’s license
number, vehicle license plate, vehicle make,
model and model year, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), insurance company and
policy number, and a general description of
the damage to the other vehicle.
the scene of the accident. They will walk you
through the information they will need. If
they ask for a police report, phone or go to
the police department headquarters the
next day and you can get a copy of the report
for a nominal fee. In some states/provinces
with “no fault” insurance laws, a report may not
be necessary. This is especially true if there
are no injuries and both vehicles are driveable.
• Choose a reputable collision repair facility
for your vehicle. Whether you select a
GM dealer or a private collision repair facility
to fix the damage, make sure you are
comfortable with them. Remember, you will
have to feel comfortable with their work
for a long time.
• Once you have an estimate, read it carefully
and make sure you understand what work
will be performed on your vehicle. If you have
a question, ask for an explanation. Reputable
shops welcome this opportunity.
502
Managing the Vehicle Damage
Repair Process
In the event that your vehicle requires damage
repairs, GM recommends that you take an active
role in its repair. If you have a pre-determined
repair facility of choice, take your vehicle there, or
have it towed there. Specify to the facility that
any required replacement collision parts be original
equipment parts, either new Genuine GM parts
or recycled original GM parts. Remember, recycled
parts will not be covered by your GM vehicle
warranty.
Insurance pays the bill for the repair, but you must
live with the repair. Depending on your policy
limits, your insurance company may initially value
the repair using aftermarket parts.
Discuss this with your repair professional, and
insist on Genuine GM parts. Remember if
your vehicle is leased you may be obligated to
have the vehicle repaired with Genuine GM parts,
even if your insurance coverage does not pay
the full cost.
If another party’s insurance company is paying for
the repairs, you are not obligated to accept a
repair valuation based on that insurance
company’s collision policy repair limits, as you
have no contractual limits with that company. In
such cases, you can have control of the repair and
parts choices as long as cost stays within
reasonable limits.
503
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or
death, you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
in addition to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an investigation, and if it finds that a safety
defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA
cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236 (TTY:
1-800-424-9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov; or
write to:
Administrator, NHTSA
400 Seventh Street, SW.
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
Reporting Safety Defects to
the Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your
vehicle has a safety defect, you should
immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition
to notifying General Motors of Canada Limited.
You may call them at 1-800-333-0510 or write to:
Transport Canada
Road Safety Branch
2780 Sheffield Road
Ottawa, Ontario K1B 3V9
504
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
Service Publications Ordering
Information
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport
Canada) in a situation like this, we certainly hope
you will notify us. Please call us at
1-800-458-8006, or write:
Service Manuals
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, please call us at 1-888-446-2000. Or,
write:
Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication
Centre, CA1-163-005
General Motors of Canada Limited
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle
suspension, brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair
service procedures, adjustments, and
specifications for GM transmissions, transaxles,
and transfer cases.
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service GM cars and
trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to assist
in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product
Service Bulletins can be obtained by contacting
your General Motors dealer or by calling
1-800-GM-DRIVE (1-800-463-7483).
505
Owner Information
Owner publications are written specifically for
owners and intended to provide basic operational
information about the vehicle. The owner’s
manual will include the Maintenance Schedule for
all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner Manual,
and Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
Without Portfolio: Owner Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Technical Service Bulletins and Manuals are
available for current and past model GM vehicles.
To request an order form, please specify year
and model name of the vehicle.
506
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. at:
www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and
without incurring obligation. Allow ample time
for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are
to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
A
Accessories and Modifications ..................... 347
Accessory Power Outlet(s) .......................... 186
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ............................ 88
Additives, Fuel ............................................ 350
Add-On Electrical Equipment ....................... 454
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal ............ 120
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ............................. 365
Air Conditioning ........................................... 189
Airbag
Passenger Status Indicator ....................... 202
Readiness Light ....................................... 201
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic
Module (SDM) .......................................... 498
Airbag System ............................................... 70
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ......................... 88
How Does an Airbag Restrain? .................. 79
Passenger Sensing System ....................... 81
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ..... 87
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? .................. 79
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates? ...................................... 80
Airbag System (cont.)
When Should an Airbag Inflate? ................. 77
Where Are the Airbags? ............................. 73
All-Wheel Drive ........................................... 392
All-Wheel-Drive (AWD) System .................... 284
Analog Clock ............................................... 188
Antenna, Diversity Antenna System ............. 272
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio
Antenna System ....................................... 272
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................... 279
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light ....... 205
Appearance Care
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ........ 449
Care of Safety Belts ................................ 447
Chemical Paint Spotting ........................... 451
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .............. 448
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .......... 443
Fabric/Carpet ........................................... 445
Finish Care .............................................. 448
Finish Damage ......................................... 451
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and
Other Plastic Surfaces .......................... 446
Leather .................................................... 446
Sheet Metal Damage ............................... 450
Speaker Covers ....................................... 447
507
Appearance Care (cont.)
Tires ........................................................
Underbody Maintenance ...........................
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..........
Washing Your Vehicle ..............................
Weatherstrips ...........................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades ...................
Wood Panels ...........................................
Ashtray(s) ....................................................
Audio System(s) ..........................................
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................
Care of Your CD Player ...........................
Care of Your CDs ....................................
Diversity Antenna System .........................
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual .........................
Radio with CD .........................................
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................
Setting the Time .............................. 242,
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................
Understanding Radio Reception ...............
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ......
Automatic Transmission
Fluid ........................................................
Operation .................................................
508
450
451
452
447
447
449
447
187
240
269
271
271
272
266
246
266
244
268
270
272
367
122
B
Battery ........................................................
Electric Power Management .....................
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver .................
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ....................
Brake
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................
Emergencies ............................................
Panic Assist .............................................
Parking ....................................................
System Warning Light ..............................
Brake Pedal, Throttle ...................................
Brakes ........................................................
Braking .......................................................
Braking in Emergencies ...............................
Break-In, New Vehicle .................................
Bulb Replacement .......................................
Halogen Bulbs .........................................
High Intensity Discharge (HID)
Lighting ................................................
Buying New Tires ........................................
385
183
181
313
279
281
284
127
204
120
381
278
281
116
396
396
396
416
C
Calibration ................................................... 134
California Fuel ............................................. 350
California Proposition 65 Warning ................ 347
Canadian Owners ........................................... 3
Capacities and Specifications ...................... 464
Carbon Monoxide .............. 104, 132, 317, 331
Care of
Safety Belts ............................................. 447
Your CD Player ........................................ 271
Your CDs ................................................. 271
Cargo Cover ............................................... 155
Cargo Management System ........................ 155
CD, MP3 ..................................................... 257
Cell Phone Storage Area ............................. 154
Center Console Storage Area ...................... 154
Chains, Tire ................................................. 422
Charging System Light ................................ 204
Check
Engine Light ............................................ 208
Checking Things Under the Hood ................ 354
Chemical Paint Spotting .............................. 451
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ............................. 49
Infants and Young Children ........................ 46
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children .................................................. 55
Older Children ........................................... 43
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ................................. 62
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position ........................ 65
Where to Put the Restraint ........................ 53
Cigarette Lighter .......................................... 187
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ........ 449
Exterior Lamps/Lenses ............................. 448
Fabric/Carpet ........................................... 445
Finish Care .............................................. 448
Inside of Your Vehicle .............................. 443
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and
Other Plastic Surfaces .......................... 446
Leather .................................................... 446
Speaker Covers ....................................... 447
Tires ........................................................ 450
509
Cleaning (cont.)
Underbody Maintenance ........................... 451
Washing Your Vehicle .............................. 447
Weatherstrips ........................................... 447
Windshield and Wiper Blades ................... 449
Wood Panels ........................................... 447
Climate Control System
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment ........... 195
Dual ......................................................... 189
Outlet Adjustment ..................................... 194
Rear Air Conditioning System ................... 195
Clock ......................................... 188, 242, 244
Collision Damage Repair ............................. 500
Comfort Guides, Rear Safety Belt ................. 39
Compact Spare Tire .................................... 442
Compass ..................................................... 134
Control of a Vehicle ..................................... 278
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ........................ 207
Engine Temperature Warning Light ........... 206
Heater, Engine ......................................... 121
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ........................ 371
Cooling System ........................................... 374
510
Cruise Control .............................................
Cruise Control Light ....................................
Cupholder(s) ................................................
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation ...........................
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users .........................
Customer Assistance Offices ....................
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..............
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program ...............................................
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors .....................................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ..........................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ....................
Roadside Service .....................................
Service Publications Ordering
Information ...........................................
174
212
154
496
491
491
488
492
505
504
504
493
505
D
Daytime Running Lamps ............................. 179
Defensive Driving ........................................ 274
Delayed Locking .......................................... 102
Disc, MP3 ................................................... 257
Diversity Antenna System ............................ 272
Doing Your Own Service Work .................... 348
Door
Central Door Unlocking System ................ 101
Delayed Locking ...................................... 102
Locks ....................................................... 100
Power Door Locks ................................... 101
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ....... 102
Rear Door Security Locks ........................ 103
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ................................... 27
Driver Information Center (DIC) ................... 214
DIC Controls and Displays ....................... 215
DIC Vehicle Customization ....................... 231
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 220
Driving
At Night ................................................... 306
City .......................................................... 311
Defensive ................................................. 274
Driving (cont.)
Drunken ...................................................
Freeway ...................................................
Hill and Mountain Roads ..........................
In Rain and on Wet Roads ......................
Off-Road ..................................................
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out ..........
Winter ......................................................
Dual Climate Control System .......................
DVD
Rear Seat Entertainment System .............
275
312
315
308
291
322
317
189
266
E
Electric Power Management ........................
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ...................................
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................
Power Windows and Other
Power Options ......................................
Rear Underseat Fuse Block ............ 460,
Underhood Fuse Block .............................
Windshield Wiper Fuses ...........................
183
454
455
454
462
455
454
511
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ...................................... 365
Battery ..................................................... 385
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ..... 208
Coolant .................................................... 368
Coolant Heater ......................................... 121
Coolant Temperature Gage ...................... 207
Coolant Temperature Warning Light .......... 206
Drive Belt Routing .................................... 483
Engine Compartment Overview ................ 356
Exhaust ................................................... 132
Oil ........................................................... 360
Oil Life System ........................................ 363
Overheated Protection Operating Mode .... 374
Overheating ............................................. 372
Speed Limiter .......................................... 199
Starting .................................................... 119
Entry Lighting .............................................. 182
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ...................... 498
Extender, Safety Belt ..................................... 42
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver .................... 181
512
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................
Finish Damage ............................................
Flashers, Hazard Warning ...........................
Flash-to-Pass ..............................................
Flat Tire ......................................................
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................
Flat Tire, Storing .........................................
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ............................
Power Steering ........................................
Windshield Washer ..................................
Fog Lamp Light ...........................................
Fog Lamps ..................................................
Front Axle ...................................................
Fuel ............................................................
Additives ..................................................
California Fuel ..........................................
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ..............
Filling Your Tank ......................................
Fuels in Foreign Countries .......................
365
451
166
169
423
424
439
367
379
380
212
181
395
349
350
350
354
352
351
Fuel (cont.)
Gage .......................................................
Gasoline Octane ......................................
Gasoline Specifications ............................
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................
Rear Underseat Fuse Block ............ 460,
Underhood Fuse Block .............................
Windshield Wiper .....................................
213
349
350
455
462
455
454
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
Fuel .........................................................
Speedometer ...........................................
Tachometer ..............................................
Garage Door Opener ...................................
Gasoline
Octane .....................................................
Specifications ...........................................
Glove Box ...................................................
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ..........
207
213
199
199
143
349
350
153
492
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................ 166
Head Restraints ............................................ 17
Headlamps .................................................. 178
Bulb Replacement .................................... 396
Daytime Running Lamps .......................... 179
Flash-to-Pass ........................................... 169
Halogen Bulbs ......................................... 396
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting .... 396
High/Low Beam Changer ......................... 169
On Reminder ........................................... 179
Washer .................................................... 173
Wiper Activated ........................................ 178
Heated Seats ................................................ 11
Heater ......................................................... 189
Highbeam On Light ..................................... 213
High-Speed Operation, Tires ........................ 409
Highway Hypnosis ....................................... 314
Hill and Mountain Roads ............................. 315
Hood
Checking Things Under ............................ 354
Release ................................................... 355
513
Horn ............................................................ 166
How to Use This Manual ................................ 4
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............... 27
I
Ignition Positions ......................................... 117
Infants and Young Children, Restraints .......... 46
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................... 407
Instrument Panel
Overview .................................................. 164
Instrument Panel (I/P)
Brightness ................................................ 181
Cluster ..................................................... 198
J
Jump Starting .............................................. 386
K
Keyless Entry System ................................... 94
Keys ............................................................. 93
514
L
Labeling, Tire Sidewall ................................. 401
Lamps
Electric Power Management ..................... 183
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver ................. 181
Fog .......................................................... 181
Reading ................................................... 182
LATCH System
Child Restraints ......................................... 55
Level Control ............................................... 330
Liftgate, Power ............................................ 104
Light
Airbag Readiness ..................................... 201
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ............. 205
Brake System Warning ............................. 204
Charging System ..................................... 204
Cruise Control .......................................... 212
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning ....... 206
Fog Lamp ................................................ 212
Highbeam On .......................................... 213
Lights On Reminder ................................. 212
Malfunction Indicator ................................ 208
Oil Pressure ............................................. 211
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............ 202
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder .............. 200
Light (cont.)
Safety Belt Reminder ............................... 200
Security ................................................... 212
TCS Warning Light .................................. 206
Tire Pressure ........................................... 207
Tow/Haul Mode ........................................ 213
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning ................................................ 206
Lighting
Entry ........................................................ 182
Parade Dimming ...................................... 182
Limited-Slip Rear Axle ................................. 283
Loading Your Vehicle ................................... 322
Lockout Protection ....................................... 104
Locks
Central Door Unlocking System ................ 101
Delayed Locking ...................................... 102
Door ........................................................ 100
Lockout Protection ................................... 104
Power Door ............................................. 101
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ....... 102
Rear Door Security Locks ........................ 103
Loss of Control ........................................... 289
Luggage Carrier .......................................... 154
Lumbar
Power Controls .......................................... 10
M
Magnetic Ride Control ................................. 283
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services .................... 473
At Each Fuel Fill ...................................... 476
At Least Once a Month ............................ 477
At Least Once a Year .............................. 477
Introduction .............................................. 468
Maintenance Footnotes ............................ 474
Maintenance Record ................................ 484
Maintenance Requirements ...................... 468
Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts .................................................... 482
Owner Checks and Services .................... 476
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ....... 480
Scheduled Maintenance ........................... 471
Using ....................................................... 469
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 468
Malfunction Indicator Light ........................... 208
Manual Seats .................................................. 9
Memory Seat and Mirrors .............................. 12
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 220
515
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview
with OnStar® ........................................
Automatic Dimming Rearview
with OnStar® and Compass ..................
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ...........
Outside Convex Mirror .............................
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror ...............
Outside Power Heated Mirrors .................
MP3 ............................................................
MyGMLink.com ............................................
134
134
138
139
138
137
257
490
N
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual ............................. 266
New Vehicle Break-In .................................. 116
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..... 482
O
Odometer .................................................... 199
Off-Road Driving .......................................... 291
Off-Road Recovery ...................................... 287
516
Oil
Engine ..................................................... 360
Pressure Light .......................................... 211
Oil, Engine Oil Life System ......................... 363
Older Children, Restraints ............................. 43
Online Owner Center ................................... 490
OnStar® System, see OnStar® Manual ........ 139
Operation, Universal Home Remote
System ............................................ 144, 150
Other Warning Devices ................................ 166
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 194
Outlet(s), Accessory Power .......................... 186
Outside
Automatic Dimming Mirror ........................ 138
Convex Mirror .......................................... 139
Curb View Assist Mirror ........................... 138
Power Heated Mirrors .............................. 137
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ....................................... 374
Owner Checks and Services ....................... 476
Owners, Canadian .......................................... 3
P
Paint, Damage ............................................ 451
Panic Brake Assist ...................................... 284
Parade Dimming .......................................... 182
Park Aid ...................................................... 184
Park (P)
Shifting Into ............................................. 129
Shifting Out of ......................................... 131
Parking
Assist ....................................................... 184
Brake ....................................................... 127
Over Things That Burn ............................ 131
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............... 202
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ............... 195
Passenger Sensing System ........................... 81
Passing ....................................................... 287
PASS-Key® III+ ........................................... 114
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ........................... 114
Power
Accessory Outlet(s) .................................. 186
Door Locks .............................................. 101
Electrical System ..................................... 454
Liftgate ..................................................... 104
Lumbar Controls ........................................ 10
Retained Accessory (RAP) ....................... 118
Seat .......................................................... 10
Power (cont.)
Steering Fluid .......................................... 379
Windows .................................................. 109
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ............................. 42
Programmable Automatic Door Locks .......... 102
Q
Questions and Answers
About Safety Belts ..................................... 26
R
Radios ........................................................
Care of Your CD Player ...........................
Care of Your CDs ....................................
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual .........................
Radio with CD .........................................
Rear Seat Audio ......................................
Setting the Time .............................. 242,
Theft-Deterrent .........................................
Understanding Reception .........................
Reading Lamps ...........................................
Rear Air Conditioning System ......................
Rear Axle ....................................................
Limited-Slip ..............................................
240
271
271
266
246
266
244
268
270
182
195
394
283
517
Rear Door Security Locks ........................... 103
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides .................. 39
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................... 266
Rear Seat Entertainment System ................. 266
Rear Seat Operation ..................................... 18
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .............. 36
Rear Windshield Washer/Wiper .................... 172
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with OnStar® ............................................ 134
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with OnStar® and Compass ..................... 134
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 14
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants .......... 480
Recreational Vehicle Towing ........................ 328
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System ............ 94
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System,
Operation ................................................... 96
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire .......................................... 429
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ............ 426
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government ............................. 504
General Motors ........................................ 505
United States Government ....................... 504
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems ................. 89
518
Restraint System Check (cont.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ......................................... 90
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ................ 118
Right Front Passenger Position,
Safety Belts ............................................... 36
Roadside
Service .................................................... 493
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .............. 322
Routing, Engine Drive Belt .......................... 483
Running the Engine While Parked ............... 133
S
Safety Belt
Passenger Reminder Light ....................... 200
Pretensioners ............................................. 42
Reminder Light ........................................ 200
Safety Belts
Care of .................................................... 447
Driver Position ........................................... 27
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............ 27
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ............................................ 26
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ............... 39
Safety Belts (cont.)
Rear Seat Passengers ............................... 36
Right Front Passenger Position .................. 36
Safety Belt Extender .................................. 42
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ............. 35
Safety Belts Are for Everyone .................... 22
Safety Warnings and Symbols ......................... 4
Scheduled Maintenance ............................... 471
Seats
Head Restraints ......................................... 17
Heated Seats ............................................. 11
Manual ........................................................ 9
Memory, Mirrors ......................................... 12
Power Lumbar ........................................... 10
Power Seats .............................................. 10
Rear Seat Operation .................................. 18
Reclining Seatbacks ................................... 14
Stowable Seat ........................................... 20
Secondary Latch System ............................. 436
Securing a Child Restraint
Rear Seat Position ..................................... 62
Right Front Seat Position ........................... 65
Security Light .............................................. 212
Service ........................................................ 346
Accessories and Modifications .................. 347
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle ..................................... 348
California Proposition 65 Warning ............. 347
Doing Your Own Work ............................. 348
Engine Soon Light ................................... 208
Publications Ordering Information ............. 505
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 87
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 450
Shifting Into Park (P) ................................... 129
Shifting Out of Park (P) ............................... 131
Signals, Turn and Lane-Change .................. 168
Spare Tire
Compact .................................................. 442
Installing .................................................. 429
Removing ................................................ 426
Storing ..................................................... 439
Specifications, Capacities ............................ 464
Speedometer ............................................... 199
StabiliTrak® System ..................................... 283
Starting Your Engine ................................... 119
Steering ...................................................... 285
519
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ................... 269
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel .......................... 166
Storage Areas
Cargo Management System ..................... 155
Cell Phone Storage Area ......................... 154
Center Console Storage Area ................... 154
Cupholder(s) ............................................ 154
Glove Box ................................................ 153
Luggage Carrier ....................................... 154
Stowable Seat ............................................... 20
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow ............... 321
Sun Visors .................................................. 112
Sunroof .............................................. 156, 158
T
Tachometer .................................................
TCS Warning Light ......................................
Theft-Deterrent, Radio .................................
Theft-Deterrent System ................................
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..............................
PASS-Key® III+ ........................................
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ........................
Throttle, Adjustable ......................................
520
199
206
268
112
112
114
114
120
Tilt Wheel ....................................................
Time, Setting ...................................... 242,
Tire
Pressure Light ..........................................
Tires ...........................................................
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated
Wheels, Cleaning ..................................
Buying New Tires .....................................
Chains .....................................................
Changing a Flat Tire ................................
Cleaning ..................................................
Compact Spare Tire .................................
Different Size ...........................................
High-Speed Operation ..............................
If a Tire Goes Flat ...................................
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................
Inspection and Rotation ............................
Installing the Spare Tire ...........................
Pressure Monitor System .........................
Removing the Flat Tire .............................
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools .........
Secondary Latch System .........................
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools .....
Tire Sidewall Labeling ..............................
166
244
207
398
449
416
422
424
450
442
418
409
423
407
414
429
410
429
426
436
439
401
Tires (cont.)
Tire Terminology and Definitions ...............
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ....................
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ...........
Wheel Replacement .................................
When It Is Time for New Tires .................
Winter Tires .............................................
Tow/Haul Mode ...........................................
Tow/Haul Mode Light ...................................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .................................
Towing a Trailer .......................................
Your Vehicle .............................................
Traction
Control System (TCS) ..............................
Control System Warning Light ..................
Limited-Slip Rear Axle ..............................
Magnetic Ride Control ..............................
StabiliTrak® System .................................
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic .......................................
Transmission Operation, Automatic ..............
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ...................
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ....................
404
419
420
421
416
400
126
213
328
331
328
281
206
283
283
283
367
122
168
167
U
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ........
Understanding Radio Reception ...................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .......................
Universal Home Remote System .................
Operation ........................................ 144,
184
270
419
143
150
V
Vehicle
Control ..................................................... 278
Damage Warnings ....................................... 5
Loading .................................................... 322
Symbols ...................................................... 5
Vehicle Customization, DIC ......................... 231
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders ........................................ 498
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) .......................................... 453
Service Parts Identification Label .............. 453
Ventilation Adjustment .................................. 194
Visors .......................................................... 112
521
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ......... 197
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 220
Hazard Warning Flashers ......................... 166
Other Warning Devices ............................ 166
Safety and Symbols ..................................... 4
Vehicle Damage .......................................... 5
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance ..................... 420
Different Size ........................................... 418
Replacement ............................................ 421
Where to Put the Restraint ............................ 53
Windows ..................................................... 108
Power ...................................................... 109
Windshield
Washer .................................................... 171
Washer Fluid ........................................... 380
522
Windshield (cont.)
Wiper Blade Replacement ........................
Wiper Blades, Cleaning ............................
Wiper Fuses ............................................
Wipers .....................................................
Windshield, Rear Washer/Wiper ...................
Winter Driving .............................................
Winter Tires .................................................
Wiper Activated Headlamps .........................
397
449
454
170
172
317
400
178
X
XM Radio Messages ................................... 264
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ......... 272
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............... 468
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