BMW K1300S Motorcycle User Manual

Rider's Manual (US Model)
K 1300 S
BMW Motorrad
The Ultimate
Riding Machine
Motorcycle/Retailer Data
Motorcycle data
Retailer Data
Model
Contact in Service
Vehicle Identification Number
Ms./Mr.
Color number
Phone number
First registration
Registration number
Retailer's address/phone number (company stamp)
Details described or illustrated
in this booklet may differ from
the motorcycle's actual specification as purchased, the accessories fitted or the national-market specification. No claims will
be entertained as a result of such
discrepancies.
Dimensions, weights, fuel consumption and performance data
are quoted to the customary tolerances.
The right to modify designs,
equipment and accessories is
reserved.
Errors and omissions excepted.
© 2008 BMW Motorrad
Not to be reproduced either
wholly or in part without written
permission from BMW Motorrad,
After Sales.
Printed in Germany.
The most important data for a filling station stop can be found in the following chart.
Fuel
Recommended fuel quality
98 ROZ/RON, Super Plus unleaded
95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded
(fuel type can be used with reduced performance and consumption)
Usable fuel quantity
Approx. 5 gal (Approx. 19 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
~1.1 gal (~4 l)
Tire inflation pressure
Tire pressure, front
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Single rider,
with cold tire
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Driver with passenger and/or load, with cold tire
Tire pressure, rear
42.1 psi (2.9 bar), Single rider,
with cold tire
42.1 psi (2.9 bar), Driver with passenger and/or load, with cold tire
BMW recommends
Order No.: 01 41 7 714 427
09.2008, 1st Edition
*01417714427*
*01417714427*
*01417714427*
Welcome to BMW
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from
BMW and welcome you to the
community of BMW riders.
Familiarize yourself with your new
motorcycle so that you can ride it
safely and confidently in all traffic
situations.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully before starting to use
your new BMW motorcycle. It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW's technical
features.
In addition, it contains information
on maintenance and care to help
you maintain your motorcycle's
reliability and safety, as well as its
value.
If you have any questions concerning your motorcycle, your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer
is always happy to provide advice
and assistance.
We wish you many miles of safe
and enjoyable riding
BMW Motorrad.
Table of Contents
You can also use the index at the
end of this Rider's Manual to find
a specific topic.
1 General instructions . . . . 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and
symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currentness of this manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2 Overviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General view, left side . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . 13
Left handlebar fitting . . . . . . . . 14
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . 15
Underneath seat . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3 Status indicators . . . . . . .
Standard displays . . . . . . . . . . .
Displays with onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displays with Tire Pressure
Control RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displays with heated hand
grips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warning indicators of onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ABS warning indicators . . . . .
ASC warning indicators . . . . .
RDC warning indicators . . . . .
Anti-theft alarm warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
20
4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition switch and steering
lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic immobilizer
EWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
21
21
22
22
29
31
34
36
41
46
47
48
Odometer and
tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Onboard computer . . . . . . . . . .
Tire Pressure Control
RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazard warning flashers . . . . .
Emergency ON/OFF
switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Stability Control
ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heated hand grips . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic suspension adjustment ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
49
51
54
55
56
56
57
58
59
60
61
61
62
62
63
63
65
66
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Luggage loops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . .
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shifting gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking your motorcycle . . . .
Refueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securing motorcycle for
transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 Technology in
detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake system with BMW
Motorrad Integral ABS . . . . . .
Engine management with
BMW Motorrad ASC . . . . . . . .
Tire Pressure Control
RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA II . . . . . . . . . . . . .
69
70
71
72
74
75
76
77
79
80
83
84
86
87
89
7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . . . . . .
Onboard socket . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flat tire kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
92
92
93
94
96
8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
General instructions . . . . . . . 100
Toolkit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Front wheel stand . . . . . . . . . 116
Rear-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . 117
Lamps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning sensitive motorcycle parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protective wax coating . . . .
Storing motorcycle . . . . . . . .
Returning motorcycle to
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
131
132
10 Technical data . . . . . .
Troubleshooting chart . . . . .
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . .
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . .
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical system . . . . . . . . . .
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
135
136
137
139
140
140
141
141
142
142
144
144
146
147
132
132
133
134
134
134
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Riding specifications . . . . . . 149
11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting safety
defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Card - On-the-spot breakdown assistance . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of service . . . .
151
152
153
153
153
154
154
155
160
General instructions
General instructions
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . 6
1
5
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currentness of this manual . . . . . . . . . . 7
General instructions
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
z
1
General instructions
6
z
Overview
Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manual will provide you with an initial
overview of your motorcycle. All
maintenance and repair work carried out on your motorcycle will
be documented in Chapter 11.
Proof of the maintenance work
performed is a prerequisite for
generous treatment of claims.
When the time comes to sell
your BMW, please remember
to hand over this Rider's Manual; it is an important part of the
motorcycle.
Abbreviations and
symbols
Indicates warnings that you
must comply with for reasons of your safety and the safety of others, and to protect your
motorcycle against damage.
Special information on operating and inspecting your
motorcycle as well as maintenance and adjustment procedures.
Indicates the end of an
item of information.
OE
Optional equipment
The motorcycles are assembled complete with
all the BMW optional extras originally ordered.
OA
Optional accessories
BMW optional accessories can be purchased
and installed at your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Instruction.
Result of an activity.
Reference to a page with
more detailed information.
EWS Electronic immobilizer.
Indicates the end of accessory or equipmentdependent information.
ABS
Tightening torque.
DWA Anti-theft alarm.
ASC Automatic Stability Control.
ESA
Technical data.
Anti-Lock Brake System.
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment
Electronic suspension
adjustment.
Equipment
When you ordered your BMW
Motorrad, you chose various
items of custom equipment. This
Rider's Manual describes optional extras (OE) offered by BMW
and selected optional accessories
(OA). This explains why the manual may also contain descriptions
of equipment which you have not
ordered. Please note, too, that
your motorcycle might not be exactly as illustrated in this manual
on account of country-specific
differences.
If your BMW is equipped with
options or accessories not described in this Rider's Manual,
then this equipment is described
in a separate operating manual.
Technical data
All dimensions, weights and outputs in the Rider's Manual refer
to the Deutsche Institut für Normung e. V. (DIN) and comply with
its tolerance regulations. Versions for individual countries may
differ.
Currentness of this
manual
The high safety and quality standards of BMW motorcycles are
maintained by constant development work on designs, equipment and accessories. Because
of this, your motorcycle may differ from the information supplied
in the Rider's Manual. In addition,
BMW Motorrad cannot guarantee
the total absence of errors. We
hope you will appreciate that no
claims can be entertained on the
basis of the data, illustrations or
descriptions in this manual.
1
7
General instructions
RDC Tire Pressure Control
(TPC).
z
General instructions
1
8
z
Overviews
Overviews
General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2
9
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Underneath seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Overviews
Left handlebar fitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
z
Overviews
2
10
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
Clutch fluid reservoir
( 106)
Headlight range adjustment (below instrument
cluster) ( 66)
Seat lock (below tail light)
( 67)
Adjuster for spring preload,
rear ( 62)
Adjustment of rear damping ( 63)
Onboard socket ( 92)
2
11
Overviews
General view, left side
z
Overviews
2
12
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Engine oil level indicator
( 101)
Fuel filler opening ( 79)
Battery compartment
( 127)
Brake-fluid reservoir, front
( 102)
Vehicle identification number (on the upper front
wheel control)
Type plate (on rear cross
tube)
Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
( 105)
2
13
Overviews
General view, right side
z
2
Overviews
14
z
Left handlebar fitting
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
High-beam headlight and
headlight flasher ( 55)
Operating odometer
( 49)
with onboard computer OE
Operating onboard computer ( 51)
Hazard warning flashers
( 56)
Operating turn indicators
( 56)
Horn
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA
II) OE
Operating ESA ( 64)
ABS operation ( 58)
with automatic Stability
Control OE
Operating the ASC
( 59)
1
2
3
with heated handlebar
grips OE
Heated hand grips ( 60)
Starter button ( 72)
Emergency ON/OFF
switch ( 57)
2
15
Overviews
Handlebar fitting, right
z
2
Overviews
16
z
Underneath seat
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Luggage loops
Rider's Manual (US Model)
Tire inflation pressure table
Payload table
Helmet holder ( 68)
Toolkit ( 100)
Engine oil fill location
( 102)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Tachometer
Speedometer
Indicator lights ( 20)
Multifunction display
( 20)
Ambient brightness sensor
(for brightness adjustment
of instrument lighting)
with anti-theft alarm OE
Anti-theft alarm indicator
light (see anti-theft alarm
operating instructions)
Operating odometer
( 49)
Operating clock ( 48)
The instrument-cluster
lighting has automatic day
and night switchover.
2
17
Overviews
Instrument cluster
z
2
Overviews
18
z
Headlight
1
2
3
High-beam headlight
Low-beam headlight
Parking lights
Status indicators
Status indicators
Standard displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Displays with onboard computer . . . . 21
3
19
Displays with heated hand grips . . . . 22
Standard warning indicators . . . . . . . . 22
Warning indicators of onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
ABS warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
ASC warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
RDC warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Anti-theft alarm warning
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Status indicators
Displays with Tire Pressure Control
RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
z
3
Standard displays
Indicator lights
Status indicators
20
z
Gear indicator
The gear engaged or N
for neutral appears on the
display.
Multifunction display
If no gear is engaged, the
'neutral' indicator light also
lights up.
Coolant temperature
1
2
3
4
5
Clock ( 48)
Gear indicator ( 20)
Coolant temperature
( 20)
Odometer and tripmeters
( 49)
Fuel capacity ( 20)
1
2
3
4
Turn indicators, left
High-beam headlight
Idling
Turn indicators, right
The lateral bars under the
temperature symbol show
the coolant temperature level.
Service display
Fuel capacity
The horizontal bars under
the gas pump symbol indicated the remaining fuel quantity.
When the fuel in the tank is
topped up the gauge briefly
shows the original level, before
the reading is updated.
If the time remaining until the
next service lies within a month,
If the motorcycle is driven long
distances annually, it is possible
that earlier service is required. If
the odometer reading for the earlier service lies within 600 miles
(1,000 km), the remaining miles
(kilometers) are counted down
in 60-mile (100-km) steps and
briefly displayed following the
pre-ride check.
If the service interval has been
exceeded, the general warning
light also lights up yellow in addition to the date or mileage display. The Service lettering is displayed continuously.
If the service display already
more than one month before the service date, or if the
Service lettering does not stop
after the service date is exceeded, then the date stored in the
instrument cluster must be set.
This situation can occur if the
battery has been disconnected
for a longer time.
Consult a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer, for setting of
the date.
Displays with onboard
computer
3
with onboard computer OE
21
1
Onboard computer display
area ( 51)
Displays with Tire
Pressure Control RDC
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
Status indicators
the service date is briefly displayed following the pre-ride
check. The month and year are
shown as two digits each separated by a dash; in this example
the display means "March 2007".
z
Standard warning
indicators
22
Display
Status indicators
3
z
1
Display of tire inflation
pressures ( 54)
The tire inflation pressures
are shown temperaturecompensated (see the chapter
"Technology in Detail").
Displays with heated
hand grips
with heated handlebar grips OE
1
Display of heating levels
( 60)
Warnings are indicated by the
'General' warning light 1 showing in combination with a warning
word, for example 2 or with one
of the warning symbols 3. The
'General' warning light shows red
or yellow, depending on the urgency of the warning. If several warnings are active, all corresponding warning lights and
warning symbol are displayed;
warnings are shown alternately.
3
23
Status indicators
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
z
3
Status indicators
24
Overview of warning indicators
Indicator lights
Displays
Meaning
Lights up yellow
EWS ! Is indicated
Electronic immobilizer is active (
Lights up yellow
FUEL ! Is indicat-
Fuel down to reserve (
26)
26)
ed
Lights up red
Temperature display flashes
Coolant temperature too high (
Lights up yellow
Is indicated
Engine in emergency-operation mode
( 26)
Flashes red
Is indicated
Engine oil pressure insufficient (
Lights up red
Is indicated
Battery charge current insufficient
( 27)
Lights up yellow
LAMPR ! Is indi-
Rear bulb defective (
z
28)
cated
LAMPF ! Is indicated
Front bulb defective (
28)
26)
27)
Lights up yellow
Displays
LAMPS ! Is indicated
Meaning
Bulbs defective (
28)
3
25
Status indicators
Indicator lights
z
3
26
Electronic immobilizer is
active
General warning light shows
yellow.
Status indicators
EWS ! is indicated.
z
Possible cause:
The key being used is not authorized for starting, or communication between the key and engine
electronics is disrupted.
Remove other ignition keys
located on the ignition key.
Use the reserve key.
Have the defective key replaced, preferably by an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Fuel down to reserve
General warning light shows
yellow.
FUEL ! is indicated.
A fuel shortage can lead to
misfiring and to the engine
dying unexpectedly. Misfiring can
damage the catalytic converter,
and the engine dying unexpected
can lead to accidents.
Do not drive until the fuel tank is
completely empty.
Possible cause:
At the most, the fuel tank still
contains the reserve fuel quantity.
Reserve fuel quantity
~1.1 gal (~4 l)
Refueling ( 79).
Coolant temperature too
high
General warning light shows
red.
Temperature display flashes.
Continued driving with an
overheated engine can result in engine damage.
Be sure to observe the measures
listed below.
Possible cause:
The coolant temperature is too
high.
If possible, continue driving
in the part-load range to cool
down the engine.
In traffic jams, switch off the
engine, but keep the ignition
switched on so that the radiator fan continues to operate.
Should the coolant temperature
frequently be too high, have
the fault rectified as quickly as
possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Engine in emergencyoperation mode
General warning light shows
yellow.
The engine is in the emergency operating mode. Only reduced engine performance
may be available, which can lead
to danger driving situations, especially during passing maneuvers.
Adapt your driving style to
the possibly reduced engine
performance.
Possible cause:
The engine control unit has diagnosed a fault. In exceptional
cases, the engine stops and can
no longer be started. Otherwise,
the engine runs in the emergency operating mode.
Continued driving is possible,
however the accustomed engine performance may not be
available.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a spe-
cialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Engine oil pressure
insufficient
General warning light flashes red.
Oil-can symbol appears on
the display.
The oil pressure in the lubricating
oil circuit is too low. If the warning light lights up, stop immediately and switch off the engine.
The warning on insufficient engine oil pressure
is no substitute for the function of an oil-level indicator. The
correct engine oil level can only be checked on the oil level
indicator.
Possible cause:
The engine oil level is too low.
Checking engine oil level
( 101).
If oil level is too low:
Topping up engine oil ( 102).
Possible cause:
The engine oil pressure is insufficient.
Driving with insufficient engine oil pressure can result
in engine damage.
Do not continue driving.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Battery charge current
insufficient
General warning light shows
red.
3
27
Status indicators
Engine symbol appears on
the display.
z
3
Status indicators
28
z
Battery symbol appears on
the display.
A discharged battery leads
to the failure of various motorcycle systems, e.g. lighting,
engine or ABS. This can result in
dangerous driving situations.
If possible, do not continue
driving.
The battery is not being charged.
If you continue driving, the vehicle electronics will discharge the
battery.
Possible cause:
Alternator or alternator belt defective
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Rear bulb defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
LAMPR ! is indicated.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Possible cause:
Rear light or brake light bulb defective.
The diode tail light must be replaced. Please contact a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Front bulb defective
LAMPF ! is indicated.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Possible cause:
Low-beam, high-beam, parking or
turn indicator bulb defective.
Replacing low-beam and highbeam bulbs ( 119).
Replacing parking light bulb
( 120).
Replacing front turn indicator
bulbs ( 122).
Replacing rear turn indicator
bulbs ( 123).
Bulbs defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
LAMPS ! is indicated.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Warning indicators of
onboard computer
Display
with onboard computer OE
29
Warnings of the onboard computer are shown in area 1.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Status indicators
Possible cause:
A combination of several bulb
defects is present.
See the fault descriptions
above.
3
z
3
30
Overview of warning indicators
Indicator lights
Displays
Is indicated
Meaning
Engine oil level too low (
Status indicators
Check Oil Is
z
indicated
Is indicated
Ice warning (
31)
31)
Oil level symbol appears on
the display.
Check Oil is indicated.
Possible cause:
The electronic oil level sensor
has detected a low engine oil
level. Check the engine oil level
on the oil level indicator the next
time you stop for refueling:
Checking engine oil level
( 101).
If oil level is too low:
Topping up engine oil ( 102).
Possible cause:
If "Check oil level" appears in
the display, although a correct
oil level has been measured on
the oil level indicator, the oil level
sensor may be defective.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Ice warning
Ice crystal symbol appears
on the display.
Possible cause:
The air temperature measured
at the motorcycle is lower than
37 °F (3 °C).
The ice warning does not
mean that there is no risk
of black ice forming at measured
temperatures above 37 °F (3 °C).
Always think well ahead when
temperatures are low, especially
on bridges and where the road is
in the shade.
Think well ahead when driving.
ABS warning
indicators
3
Display
31
ABS warnings are indicated by
the ABS warning light 1.
In some countries an alternative
display of the ABS warning light
is possible.
Possible country-dependent
versions.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
provided from page ( 84); an
Status indicators
Engine oil level too low
z
3
Status indicators
32
z
overview of the possible warnings
is provided on the following page.
3
Meaning
Flashes
ABS self-diagnosis not completed
( 34)
Lights up
ABS deactivated (
Lights up
ABS error (
34)
33
34)
Status indicators
Overview of warning indicators
Indicator lights
Displays
z
3
Status indicators
34
z
ABS self-diagnosis not
completed
ABS error
ABS warning light lights up.
ABS warning light flashes.
Possible cause:
The ABS function is not available, because the self-diagnosis has not been completed. To
check the wheel sensors, the
motorcycle must be driven a few
yards.
Ride off slowly. It must be noted that the ABS function is not
available until the self-diagnosis
has been completed.
ABS deactivated
ABS warning light lights up.
Possible cause:
The ABS system has been deactivated by the driver.
Switching on ABS function
( 58).
Possible cause:
The ABS control unit has detected an error. The ABS function is
not available.
Continued driving is possible
while taking the failed ABS
function into account. Observe
additional information on situations which can lead to an ABS
error ( 85).
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ASC warning
indicators
Display
with automatic Stability Control OE
ASC warnings are displayed with
the ASC symbol 2 in conjunction
with the general warning light 1.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad ASC is provided
from page ( 86); an overview
of the possible warnings is provided on the following page.
Flashes rapidly in
yellow
Lights up yellow
3
Meaning
Is indicated
ASC intervention (
Flashes slowly
Self-diagnosis not completed (
Is indicated
ASC deactivated (
Is indicated
ASC error (
36)
35
36)
36)
36)
Status indicators
Overview of warning indicators
Indicator lights
Displays
z
3
36
ASC intervention
General warning light flashes rapidly in yellow.
Status indicators
ASC symbol is displayed.
z
The ASC has detected instability at the rear wheel and has
reduced the torque. The warning light flashes longer than the
duration of the ASC intervention.
As a result, the driver is provided
with optical feedback on the regulation carried out even after the
critical driving situation.
Self-diagnosis not
completed
ASC symbol flashes.
engine must be running and the
motorcycle must be moved at a
speed of at least 3 mph (5 km/h).
Ride off slowly. It must be noted that the ASC function is not
available until the self-diagnosis
has been completed.
ASC deactivated
ASC symbol is displayed.
Possible cause:
The ASC system has been deactivated by the driver.
with automatic Stability Control OE
Activating ASC function
( 59).
ASC error
Possible cause:
The self-diagnosis was not completed; the ASC function is not
available. So that the ASC selfdiagnosis can be completed, the
General warning light shows
yellow.
ASC symbol is displayed.
Possible cause:
The ASC control unit has detected an error. The ASC function is
not available.
Continue driving is possible. It
must be noted that the ASC
function is not available. Observe additional information on
situations which can lead to an
ASC error ( 87).
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
RDC warning
indicators
Display
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
The warning symbol 2 signals a
critical tire inflation pressure, and
the corresponding tire inflation
pressure of the front wheel 3 or
the rear wheel 4 flashes.
If the critical value is at the limit
of the permissible tolerance, the
general warning light 1 also lights
up in yellow. If the determined
tire inflation pressure is outside
the permissible tolerance, the
general warning light 1 flashes in
red.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad TPC/RDC is
provided from page ( 87); an
overview of the possible warnings
is provided on the following page.
3
37
Status indicators
The displayed tire inflation pressures refer to a tire temperature
of 68 °F (20 °C) ( 88).
z
3
Status indicators
38
Overview of warning indicators
Indicator lights
Displays
Meaning
Lights up yellow
Tire inflation pressure in limit area of
permissible tolerance ( 39)
The critical tire
inflation pressure
flashes
Flashes red
Tire inflation pressure outside permissible tolerance ( 39)
The critical tire
inflation pressure
flashes
"--" or "-is indicated
z
--"
Lights up yellow
39)
Sensor defective or system fault (
"--" or "-is indicated
Lights up yellow
Transmission error (
40)
--"
RDC! is indicated
Battery of tire-inflation pressure sensor
weak ( 40)
Tire inflation pressure
outside permissible
tolerance
General warning light shows
yellow.
General warning light flashes red.
Tire symbol appears on the
display.
Tire symbol appears on the
display.
The critical tire inflation pressure
flashes.
Possible cause:
The measured tire inflation pressure is in the limit area of the
permissible tolerance.
Correct tire inflation pressure in
accordance with instructions on
back of cover of Rider's Manual.
The critical tire inflation pressure
flashes.
Possible cause:
The measured tire inflation pressure is outside the permissible
tolerance.
Check tire for damage and
drivability.
Is it still possible to drive with tire:
Before adjusting the tire inflation pressure, observe
the information on temperature
compensation and on inflation
pressure adjustment in the chapter "Technology in detail".
Incorrect tire inflation pressure result in poorer handling of the motorcycle.
Always adapt your driving style
to the incorrect tire inflation
pressure.
Correct tire inflation pressure at
next opportunity.
3
Before adjusting the tire inflation pressure, observe
the information on temperature
compensation and on inflation
pressure adjustment in the chapter "Technology in detail".
39
Have the tire checked for damage by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
If you are unsure about the drivability of the tire:
Do not continue driving.
Inform roadside service.
Transmission error
"--" or "-- --" is indicated.
Possible cause:
The motorcycle's speed has not
exceeded the threshold of approx. 20 mph (30 km/h). The
TPC/RDC sensors do not send
their signal until after this speed
Status indicators
Tire inflation pressure in
limit area of permissible
tolerance
z
3
Status indicators
40
z
has been exceeded for the first
time ( 87).
Watch RDC display at higher
speed. A permanent fault has
not occurred until the general
warning light also lights up. In
this case:
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Possible cause:
There is a fault in the radio connection to the RDC sensors.
Possible causes are radio systems in the surrounding area,
which interfere with the connection between the RDC control
unit and the sensors.
Watch the RDC display in another environment. A permanent fault has not occurred until the general warning light also
lights up. In this case:
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
General warning light shows
yellow.
Possible cause:
A system fault has occurred.
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Tire symbol appears on the
display.
Battery of tire-inflation
pressure sensor weak
Sensor defective or
system fault
"--" or "-- --" is indicated.
Possible cause:
Wheels without installed RDC
sensors are mounted.
Retrofit wheel set with RDC
sensors.
Possible cause:
One or two RDC sensors have
failed.
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
General warning light shows
yellow.
RDC! is indicated.
This error message is only
displayed for a short time
following the pre-ride check.
Possible cause:
The battery of the tire inflation
pressure sensor no longer has
its full capacity. The operation of
the tire inflation pressure control
is only ensured for a limited time.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
3
41
Display
with anti-theft alarm OE
Status indicators
Anti-theft alarm
warning indicators
z
Anti-theft alarm warning
are shown as warnings 2 in
conjunction with the general
warning light 1 following the
pre-ride check and refer to the
capacity of the internal anti-theft
alarm battery.
3
Overview of warning indicators
Indicator lights
Displays
42
DWALO ! Is indi-
Meaning
Anti-theft alarm battery weak (
43)
cated
Status indicators
Lights up yellow
z
DWA ! Is indicated
Anti-theft alarm battery drained (
43)
DWALO ! is indicated.
This error message is only
displayed for a short time
following the pre-ride check.
Possible cause:
The anti-theft alarm battery no
longer has its full capacity. The
operation of the anti-theft alarm
is only ensured for a limited time
with the motorcycle battery disconnected.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Anti-theft alarm battery
drained
General warning light shows
yellow.
DWA ! is indicated.
This error message is only
displayed for a short time
following the pre-ride check.
Possible cause:
The anti-theft alarm battery has
no capacity. The operation of the
anti-theft alarm is no longer ensured with the motorcycle battery
disconnected.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
3
43
Status indicators
Anti-theft alarm battery
weak
z
Status indicators
3
44
z
Operation
Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . 46
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Electronic immobilizer EWS . . . . . . . . . 47
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Odometer and tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Electronic suspension adjustment
ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Onboard computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Tire Pressure Control RDC . . . . . . . . . 54
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Emergency ON/OFF switch . . . . . . . . . 57
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS . . . . . . . 58
Automatic Stability Control ASC . . . . 59
Heated hand grips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Luggage loops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
4
45
Operation
Operation
z
Ignition switch and
steering lock
46
Keys
Operation
4
z
You receive two master keys and
one spare key. If a key is lost,
please note the information on
the electronic immobilizer (EWS)
( 47).
Ignition key and steering lock,
tank filler cap lock and seat lock
are all operated with the same
key.
with case OA
Cases with locks for the same
key can be ordered on request.
Please contact a specialized
workshop for this purpose,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Switching on ignition
Turn key to position 1.
Parking lights and all function
circuits switched on.
Engine can be started.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 73)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 73)
with automatic Stability Control OE
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 74)
Switching off ignition
Turn key to position 2.
Light switched off.
Handlebars not locked.
Key can be removed.
Electrically powered accessories remain operational for
a limited period of time.
Battery can be recharged via
onboard socket.
Turn key to position 3 while
moving handlebars slightly.
Ignition, lights and all function
circuits switched off.
Handlebars locked.
Key can be removed.
Electronic immobilizer
EWS
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface
of the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
handlebars to the left or right.
However, the motorcycle is more
stable on a level surface with the
handlebars turned to the left than
with the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
Turn handlebars to full left or
right lock position.
Theft protection
The electronic immobilizer helps
protect your BMW motorcycle
from theft, and this enhanced
security is at your disposal without any need for you to set parameters or activate additional
systems. The engine of a motorcycle fitted with this electronic
immobilizer can be started only
with the keys that belong to the
motorcycle. You can also have
your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer disable particular keys,
for example in the event that you
lose your keys. The engine can-
not be started with a key that has
been barred.
4
Electronics in key
47
The motorcycle's electronics
exchange certain continuously
changing signals with the electronics in the key; these signals
are specific to your motorcycle
and they are transmitted via the
ring antenna in the ignition lock.
The ignition is not enabled for
starting until the key has been
recognized as "authorized" for
your motorcycle.
A spare key attached to
the same ring as the ignition key used to start the engine
could "irritate" the electronics,
in which case the enabling signal for starting is not issued. The
warning EWS is shown in the
multifunction display.
Always store the spare key separately from the ignition key.
Operation
Locking handlebars
z
Replacement and extra
keys
48
Replacement and spare keys
are only available through an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
The keys are part of an integrated security system, so the retailer is under an obligation to check
the legitimacy of all applications
for replacement/extra keys. If you
want to have a lost key barred,
you must bring along all other
keys that belong to the motorcycle. A key that has been barred
can subsequently be cleared and
reactivated for use.
Operation
4
z
Clock
Setting clock
Attempting to set the clock
while riding the motorcycle
can lead to accidents.
Adjust the clock only when the
motorcycle is stationary.
Switch on the ignition.
without onboard computer OE
without Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
without heated handlebar
grips OE
Press alternative button 2 repeatedly until total mileage is
shown.
Press button 1 repeatedly until
total mileage is shown.
with onboard computer OE
or
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
Odometer and
tripmeters
4
Selecting readings
49
Switch on the ignition.
or
Press button 2 repeatedly until
clock is shown.
In this case, the button
in the instrument cluster is only used to operate the
odometer.
Hold down button.
Hours 3 flash.
Press button.
Hours increase by one each
time button is pressed.
Hold down button.
Minutes 4 flash.
Press button.
Minutes increase by one each
time button is pressed.
Press and hold button or no
longer press it.
End setting; set time is displayed.
Operation
with heated handlebar grips OE
z
Press button 1.
without onboard computer OE
without Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
without heated handlebar
grips OE
4
Operation
50
z
Hold down button 1.
Tripmeter is reset.
Each time the button is pressed,
the display shows values starting with the current value in the
following order:
Total distance covered
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
Operating range (after reaching reserve level)
Press button 2 as an
alternative.
Resetting tripmeter
Switch on the ignition.
Select desired tripmeter.
Residual range
without onboard computer OE
fill level nor the operating range
display can be updated.
4
The determined residual
range is an approximate
reading. BMW Motorrad therefore recommends that you do
not try to use the full remaining
range before refueling.
51
Onboard computer
with onboard computer OE
Press button 2 as an
alternative.
The operating range indicates
what distance can still be driven
with the remaining fuel. It is only
displayed after the fuel reserve
is reached. This distance is calculated on the basis of fuel level
and average consumption.
When refueling after running on
reserve, make sure that you top
up the tank to a level above reserve, as otherwise the sensor
will not be able to register the
new level. Otherwise neither the
Selecting readings
Switch on the ignition.
Press button 1.
Operation
without onboard computer OE
without Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
without heated handlebar
grips OE
z
4
Ambient temperature
Average speed
When the motorcycle is stopped,
the engine heat can falsify the
measurement of the ambient
temperature 1. If the influence
of the engine heat becomes too
great, -- is temporarily shown in
the display.
The average speed 1 is calculated based on the elapsed
time since the last reset. Times
during which the engine was
stopped are excluded from the
calculation.
Operation
52
z
Each time the button is pressed,
the display shows values starting with the current value in the
following order:
Ambient temperature
Average speed
Average consumption
Range
Oil level indicator
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
Tire inflation pressures
with heated handlebar grips OE
Grip heating level
If the ambient temperature
drops below 3 °C, a warning of possible icing-up appears.
The display automatically switches from any other mode to the
temperature reading when the
temperature drops below this
threshold for the first time.
Resetting average speed
Switch on the ignition.
Select average speed.
set by the corresponding amount
of fuel used.
Range
Resetting average
consumption
4
53
Hold down button 1.
Average speed is reset.
Average consumption
Hold down button 1.
Average consumption is reset.
The average consumption 1 is
calculated by dividing the distance covered since the last re-
The functional description of the
operating range ( 51) also
applies to the range 1. However, the range can also be displayed before the fuel reserve is
reached.
To calculate the range, a special
average consumption is used,
which does not always match the
value that can be shown on the
display.
If the motorcycle is standing on
the side stand, the fuel level cannot be correctly determined due
to the inclined position. For this
Operation
Switch on the ignition.
Select average speed.
z
reason the range is only calculated while driving.
54
The determined range is an
approximate reading. BMW
Motorrad therefore recommends
that you do not try to use the full
range before refueling.
Operation
4
Oil level indicator
z
The oil level indicator 1 provides
information on the oil level in the
engine. It can only be displayed
when the motorcycle is stopped.
The conditions for the oil level
indicator are as follows:
Engine at operating temperature.
Engine idling for at least 10
seconds.
Side-stand retracted.
Motorcycle is vertical.
The readings mean:
OK: Oil level correct.
CHECK: Check oil level during
next refueling stop.
If other information of the
onboard computer is displayed, this symbol continues to
be shown until the oil level is detected as correct again.
---:
No measurement possible
(above-mentioned conditions not
met).
The most recently measured level is displayed for five seconds
when you next switch on the ignition.
Should, despite a correct oil
level on the display of the
engine oil reservoir, "Check oil
level" appear continuously in the
display, the oil level sensor may
be defective. In this case, please
contact your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Tire Pressure Control
RDC
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
Displaying tire inflation
pressure
Switch on the ignition.
Low-beam headlight
Lights
High-beam headlight
The low-beam headlight switches
on automatically when you start
the engine.
With the engine switched
off, you can switch on the
lights by switching on the highbeam headlight with the ignition
switched on or by operating the
headlight flasher.
Parking lights
The side lights switch on automatically when the ignition is
switched on.
The tire inflation pressures are
displayed with the lettering
RDC P. The left-hand value
indicates the inflation pressure of
The parking lights are a
strain on the battery. Do
not leave the ignition switched
on longer than absolutely
necessary.
Press high-beam headlight
switch 1 forward.
High-beam headlight is
switched on.
4
55
Operation
Press button 1 repeatedly until tire inflation pressures are
shown.
the front wheel, and the righthand value the inflation pressure
of the rear wheel. The displayed
tire inflation pressures refer to a
tire temperature of 68 °F (20 °C).
Immediately after switching on
the ignition, -- -- is displayed,
as the transfer of the inflation
pressure values does not begin
until a speed of 20 mph (30 km/
hr) is exceeded for the first time.
z
4
Operation
56
z
Move high-beam headlight
switch 1 into initial position.
High-beam headlight is
switched off.
Pull high-beam headlight
switch 1 toward rear.
High-beam headlight is
switched on as long as switch
is pressed (headlight flasher).
Switching on parking
lights
Switch off the ignition.
turn indicator button 1 toward
left.
Parking light switches on.
Switching off parking
lights
Switch ignition on and then off
again.
Parking light switched off.
Turn indicators
Operating turn indicators
Indicator light for left-hand turn
indicator flashes.
Press turn indicator button toward right.
Right-hand turn indicator is
switched on.
Indicator light for right-hand
turn indicator flashes.
Press turn indicator button in
middle position.
Turn indicator is switched off.
Turn indicator lights in indicator
light panel are off.
Hazard warning
flashers
Switching on hazard
warning flashers
Switch on the ignition.
Immediately after switching off
the ignition, press and hold the
Press turn indicator button 1
toward left.
Left-hand turn indicator is
switched on.
The hazard warning flashers place a strain on the
battery. Do not use the hazard
warning flashers for longer than
absolutely necessary.
Hazard warning flashers continue to operate.
Indicator lights for left and right
turn indicator are off.
Emergency ON/OFF
switch
4
57
Press button 1 for hazard
warning flashers.
If a turn indicator button is
pressed with the ignition
switched on, the flashing function
replaces the emergency flashing
function as long as the button is
pressed. If the turn indicator button is released, the emergency
flasher function becomes active
again.
The hazard warning flashers
are switched on.
Indicator lights for left and right
turn indicator flash.
Switch off the ignition.
1
Press button 1 for hazard
warning flashers.
Hazard warning flashers are
switched off.
Emergency ON/OFF
switch
Operating the emergency
ON/OFF switch when riding
can cause the rear wheel to lock
and thus cause a fall.
Do not operate the emergency
ON/OFF switch when riding.
The engine can be switched
off easily and quickly using the
emergency ON/OFF switch.
Operation
Switching off hazard
warning flashers
z
ABS warning light continues to light up.
58
ABS function is deactivated,
integral function continues to
be active.
Operation
4
z
Switching on ABS
function
a
b
Engine switched off
Operating position
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS
Switching off ABS
function
Stop motorcycle or switch on
ignition with motorcycle stationary.
Press and hold button 1 until
ABS warning light changes its
display behavior.
ABS warning light lights up.
with automatic Stability Control OE
First the ASC symbol changes
its display behavior. Press
and hold button 1 until ABS
warning light reacts. In this
case, the ASC setting does
not change.
Release ABS button within two
seconds.
Press and hold button 1 until
ABS warning light changes its
display behavior.
ABS warning light goes
out; if self-diagnosis has
not been completed, it begins to
flash.
Activating ASC function
Release ABS button within two
seconds.
ABS warning light remains
off or continues to flash.
Automatic Stability
Control ASC
with automatic Stability Control OE
Switching off ASC
function
Switch on the ignition.
The ASC function can also be deactivated while
driving.
Press and hold ASC button 1.
ASC symbol is continuously
displayed.
Release ASC button within two
seconds.
ASC symbol continues to
be displayed.
ASC function is deactivated.
Press and hold ASC button 1.
ASC symbol is no longer
displayed; if self-diagnosis
is not completed, it begins to
flash.
Release ASC button within two
seconds.
ASC symbol remains off or
continues to flash.
ASC function is activated.
As an alternative to pressing
the ASC button, the ignition
can also be switched off and
then on again.
Operation
59
ABS function is switched on.
As an alternative, the ignition
can also be switched off and
then on again.
If the ABS light continues
to light up after switching
the ignition off and then on again,
an ABS fault has occurred.
4
z
4
Operation
60
z
If the ASC warning light
lights up after switching
the ignition off and on and then
continued driving over 5 mph
(10 km/h), an ASC error has
occurred.
to the first level. The heated
hand grips option can only be
activated when the engine is
running.
Press button 1 repeatedly until
desired heating level is shown.
Heating function off.
Heated hand grips
with heated handlebar grips OE
Operating heated hand
grips
Press button 1 once.
Current setting is displayed.
50% heating output
100% heating output
Start engine.
If no further changes are made,
the selected heating level is
set.
After a short time, the last information selected is shown in
the display.
The heated hand grips option can only be activated
when the engine is running. If
the engine is switched off, the
heated hand grips must be reactivated once the engine has been
restarted.
The handlebar grips can be
heated at two different levels.
The second level is used for fast
heat-up of the grips; then the
switch should be switched back
Adjusting clutch lever
If the position of the clutch
fluid reservoir is changed,
air can enter the clutch system.
Do not reposition the handlebar
controls on the handlebars or the
handlebars in their mounts.
Adjusting the clutch lever
while driving can lead to
accidents.
Only adjust the clutch lever when
the motorcycle is stationary.
Turn adjusting screw 1 clockwise.
The adjusting screw can be
turned more easily if you
press the clutch lever forward
when doing so.
Only adjust the brake lever when
the motorcycle is stationary.
61
Distance between handlebar
grip and clutch lever increases.
Turn adjusting screw 1 counterclockwise.
Distance between handlebar
grip and clutch lever decreases.
Brakes
Adjusting handbrake lever
Changing the position of
the brake-fluid reservoir can
allow air to penetrate the brake
system.
Do not reposition the handlebar
controls on the handlebars or the
handlebars in their mounts.
Adjusting the brake lever
while driving can lead to
accidents.
4
Turn adjusting screw 1 clockwise.
The adjusting screw can
be turned more easily if
you press the handbrake lever
forward when doing so.
Distance between handlebar
grip and handbrake lever increases.
Turn adjusting screw 1 counterclockwise.
Distance between handlebar
grip and handbrake lever decreases.
Operation
Clutch
z
4
Mirrors
Adjusting mirrors
preload accordingly when the
motorcycle is lightly loaded.
Adjusting spring preload
for rear wheel
62
Operation
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
z
Move mirror into desired position by applying light pressure
at edge.
It is essential to set spring
preload of the rear suspension
to suit the load carried by the
motorcycle. Increase spring
preload when the motorcycle is
heavily loaded and reduce spring
To increase spring preload,
turn handwheel 1 in direction
of arrow HIGH.
To decrease spring preload,
turn handwheel 1 in direction
of arrow LOW.
Basic setting of spring
preload, rear
Spring preload
Setting
Adjusting the spring preload
while the motorcycle is being ridden can lead to accidents.
Adjust the spring preload
only when the motorcycle is
stationary.
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do
not match the spring-preload and
damping-characteristic settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic
to suit the spring preload.
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA II) OE
Turn upper adjustment
wheel as far as possible in
direction of arrow LOW, then
turn 13 clicks in direction of
arrow HIGH (Full tank of gas,
with rider 187 lbs (85 kg))
Damping
To decrease damping, turn adjusting screw 1 in arrow direction S.
Setting
Basic setting of rear
wheel rear-wheel damp-
63
ing
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA II) OE
Adjust damping with the toolkit
using the adjusting screw 1.
Adjusting damping on rear
wheel
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Turn adjusting screw as far
as possible in direction of
arrow H, then turn one and
one-half turn in direction of
arrow S (Full tank of gas,
with rider 187 lbs (85 kg))
Electronic suspension
adjustment ESA
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA II) OE
To increase damping, turn adjusting screw 1 in arrow direction H.
Operation
The damping must be adjusted
to the road conditions and the
spring preload.
A rough road surface requires
softer damping than a smooth
road surface.
An increase in spring preload
requires firmer damping, a reduction in spring preload requires softer damping.
4
z
4
Operation
64
Settings
Using the electronic suspension
adjustment ESA you can conveniently adjust your motorcycle to
its loading and the ground. To
do this, the loading state must be
set and the desired riding mode
selected.
The odometer display is hidden
for the duration of the ESA display.
Calling up settings
Switch on the ignition.
z
The selected riding mode is indicated in the multifunction display in area 1, the loading state
in area 2. Three loading states
can be set, and there are three
riding modes available for each
state.
The driving mode can be
set while driving.
Press button 1.
Current setting is displayed.
Display goes out automatically
after a few seconds.
Setting riding mode
Start engine.
Press button 1.
Current setting is displayed.
Press button 1 once in each
case.
Starting from the current state,
the display is in the following order:
COMF: comfort mode
NORM: normal mode
SPORT: sport mode
If no further changes are made,
the riding mode is set as indicated. A short time after the
One-up
One-up with luggage
Setting loading state
Start engine.
The loading state cannot
be set while driving.
Two-up (with luggage)
If no further changes are made,
the loading state is set as indicated.
Tires
Checking tire pressure
Press button 1.
Current setting is displayed.
Press and hold button 1 until
display changes each time.
Starting from the current state,
the display is in the following order:
Incorrect tire inflation pressure results in poorer handing characteristics of the motorcycle and reduces the life of the
tires.
Ensure proper tire inflation
pressure.
At high road speeds, tire
valves installed perpendicular to the wheel rim have a
tendency to open as a result of
centrifugal force.
In order to avoid a sudden loss of
tire inflation pressure, fit a valve
cap with rubber sealing ring to
the rear tire and make sure that
the cap is screwed on firmly.
4
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Check tire pressures against
data below.
Operation
adjustment is completed, the
display is automatically hidden
again.
Tire pressure, front
36.3 psi (2.5 bar) (Single rider, with cold tire)
36.3 psi (2.5 bar) (Driver with
passenger and/or load, with
cold tire)
Tire pressure, rear
42.1 psi (2.9 bar) (Single rider, with cold tire)
65
z
4
Operation
66
z
Tire pressure, rear
42.1 psi (2.9 bar) (Driver with
passenger and/or load, with
cold tire)
If tire pressure is too low:
Correct tire pressure.
Headlight
Adjusting headlight for
RHD/LHD traffic
If the motorcycle is ridden in a
country where the opposite rule
of the road applies, its asymmetric low-beam headlight will tend
to dazzle oncoming traffic.
Have the headlight adjusted to
the relevant conditions by a specialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Ordinary adhesive tape
damages the plastic lens.
To prevent damage to the plastic
lens, consult a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Headlight range
adjustment
Headlight range and
spring preload
The headlight range generally
remains constant due to the adjustment of the spring preload to
the loading state.
Spring preload adjustment may
only be insufficient when the motorcycle is very heavily loaded.
In this case, the headlight range
must be adjusted to the weight.
If you are unsure whether
the basic headlight setting
is correct, consult a specialized
workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
1
Headlight range adjustment
In the case of very high payloads,
the available spring preload adjustment might not be adequate.
To avoid dazzling oncoming traffic, the headlight adjustment can
be corrected by adjusting the
swivel lever.
Let go of the key and pull the
seat from the retaining bracket
towards the rear.
a
b
Neutral position
Position with heavy payload
Turn key in seat lock 1 counterclockwise while pressing
down on the rear of the seat.
Installing seat
Raise the seat at the rear.
If too much pressure is applied in the forward direction, there is a danger that the
motorcycle will be pushed off its
stand.
4
67
Operation
If seat is laid on a rough
surface, seat edges can be
damaged.
Lay the seat on the reference
side on a smooth, clean surface,
e.g. on the tank.
z
Seat
Removing seat
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
68
Push the seat forward into the
holders 1, then press down
firmly on the rear.
The seat can be heard to lock
into place.
Operation
4
Hook chin strap into helmet
holder 1 on left or right.
Installing seat ( 67).
Luggage loops
Removing seat (
Turn over seat.
67).
Helmet holder
Removing seat (
Use loops 1 and eyes 3 on
grab handles in conjunction
with luggage belts to lash luggage down to the passenger
seat.
67).
z
Take loops 1 out of holders 2
and lay outwards.
Installing seat ( 67).
The helmet catch can
scratch the paneling.
When hooking on the helmet,
watch the position of the helmet
lock.
Riding
Riding
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
5
69
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Shifting gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Refueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Securing motorcycle for
transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Riding
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
z
Safety instructions
70
Do not ride without the correct
clothing. Always wear:
Helmet
Rider's suit
Gloves
Boots
Riding
5
z
Rider's equipment
This applies even to short journeys, and to every season of
the year. Your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer will be happy to
advise you and has the correct
clothing for every purpose.
Speed
If you ride at high speed, always
bear in mind that various boundary conditions can adversely affect the handling of your motorcycle:
Settings of spring-strut and
shock absorber system
Imbalanced load
Loose clothing
Insufficient tire inflation pressure
Poor tire tread
Etc.
Correct loading
Overloading and imbalanced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the gross weight
limit and observe the loading
information.
Alcohol and drugs
Even small amounts of alcohol or drugs will adversely affect your perception and your
ability to assess situations and
make decisions, and slow down
your reflexes. Medication can exacerbate these effects.
Do not ride your motorcycle after
consuming alcohol, drugs and/or
medication.
Risk of poisoning
Exhaust fumes contain carbon
monoxide, which is colorless and
odorless but highly toxic.
Inhaling exhaust fumes
therefore represents a
health hazard and can even
cause loss of consciousness with
fatal consequences.
Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
Do not run the engine in closed
rooms.
High voltage
Touching live parts of the
ignition system with the
engine running can cause electric
shock.
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine is
running.
If misfiring causes unburned fuel
to enter the catalytic converter,
there is a danger of overheating
and damage.
For this reason, observe the following points:
Do not run the fuel tank dry
Do not run the engine with the
spark-plug cap removed
Stop the engine immediately if
it misfires
Use unleaded fuel only
Comply with all specified maintenance intervals.
Unburned fuel will destroy
the catalytic converter.
Note the points listed for protection of the catalytic converter.
Risk of fire
Temperatures at the exhaust are
high.
Flammable materials (e.g.
hay, leaves, grass, clothing
and luggage, etc.) could ignite
if allowed to come into contact
with the hot exhaust pipe.
Make sure that no highly
flammable materials can come
in contact with the hot exhaust
system.
Cooling would be inadequate if the engine were allowed to idle for a lengthy period
with the motorcycle at a standstill: overheating would result. In
extreme cases, the motorcycle
could catch fire.
Do not allow the engine to idle
unnecessarily. After starting, ride
off immediately.
Tampering with control
unit of electronic enginemanagement system
Tampering with the engine
control unit can damage
the motorcycle and cause accidents.
Do not tamper with the engine
control unit.
Tampering with the engine
control unit can result in
mechanical loads that the motorcycle's components are not
designed to withstand. Damage
caused in this way is not covered
by the warranty.
Do not tamper with the engine
control unit.
Checklist
Use the following checklist to
check important functions, settings and wear limits before you
ride off:
5
71
Riding
Catalytic converter
z
5
Riding
72
z
Brakes
Front and rear brake fluid levels
Clutch
Clutch fluid level
Shock absorber setting and
spring preload
Tread depth and tire inflation
pressure
Firm seating of cases and luggage
At regular intervals:
Engine oil level (every time you
refuel)
Brake pad wear (during every
third stop for refueling)
Starting
Side stand
You cannot start the motorcycle with the side stand extended
and a gear engaged. The engine
will switch itself off if you start it
with the transmission in neutral
and then engage a gear before
retracting the side stand.
Transmission
You can start the engine when
the transmission is in neutral or if
you pull the clutch with a gear
engaged. Do not engage the
clutch until after switching on
the ignition, as otherwise the engine cannot be started. When
the transmission is in neutral, the
green neutral indicator light is on
and the gear indicator in the multifunction display shows N.
Starting engine
Switch on the ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 73)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 73)
with automatic Stability Control OE
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 74)
Press starter button 1.
At extremely low temperatures it may be necessary
to operate the throttle twist grip
during starting. At ambient temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C),
actuate the clutch after switching
on the ignition.
The start attempt is automatically interrupted if battery voltage is too low. Recharge
the battery before you start the
engine, or use jump leads and a
donor battery to start.
Engine starts.
Pre-ride check
The instrument cluster runs a
test of the 'General' warning light
when the ignition is switched on:
this is the "Pre-Ride-Check" In
the process, the warning light
first lights up red and then yellow
to test its function. The test is
aborted if you start the engine
before it completes.
To initialize, the exhaust flap is
completely opened once then
closed again.
Phase 1
General warning light shows
red.
CHECK! is indicated.
Phase 2
General warning light shows
yellow.
CHECK! is indicated.
If the 'General' warning light does
not show:
Some malfunctions cannot
be indicated if the 'General' warning light cannot be displayed.
Check that the 'General' warning
light comes on, and that it shows
red and yellow.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
tomatically when you switch on
the ignition. To check the wheel
sensors, the motorcycle must
drive faster than 3 mph (5 km/h).
Phase 1
Checking the diagnosable
system components while
stopped.
ABS warning light flashes.
Possible country-specific version of ABS warning
light.
Phase 2
Checking the wheel sensors
while starting off.
ABS warning light flashes.
ABS self-diagnosis
The readiness for operation of
the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
is checked by the self-diagnosis.
Self-diagnosis is performed au-
Possible country-specific version of ABS warning
light.
5
73
Riding
Consult the troubleshooting
chart if the engine refuses to
start. ( 136)
z
5
Riding
74
z
ABS self-diagnosis
completed
The ABS warning light goes
out.
If an ABS fault is indicated after
the ABS self-diagnosis is completed:
Continue driving is possible. It
must be noted that neither the
ABS nor the integral function is
available.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
on the ignition. So that the ASC
self-diagnosis can be completed,
the engine must be running and
the motorcycle must drive at a
speed of at least 3 mph (5 km/h).
Phase 1
Checking the diagnosable
system components while
stopped.
ASC symbol flashes.
Running in
Phase 2
Checking diagnosable system
components while driving.
ASC symbol flashes.
ASC self-diagnosis
with automatic Stability Control OE
The readiness for operation
of the BMW Motorrad ASC is
checked by the self-diagnosis.
Self-diagnosis is performed
automatically when you switch
If an ASC fault is indicated after
ASC self-diagnosis is completed:
Continue driving is possible. It
must be noted that the ASC
function is not available.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ASC self-diagnosis
completed
The ASC symbol is no longer
displayed.
The first 600 miles
(1,000 km)
While running in the motorcycle, vary the throttle opening
and engine-speed range frequently.
Try to do most of your riding during this initial period on
twisting, fairly hilly roads, avoiding high-speed main roads and
highways if possible.
Do not exceed the engine runin speeds.
Engine break-in speed
<7000 min-1
Do not accelerate at full throttle.
Avoid low engine speeds at full
load.
After 300 - 750 miles (500 1,200 km), have the first inspection performed.
Brake pads
New brake pads must "bed
down" and therefore do not
achieve their optimum friction
levels during the first 300 miles
(500 km). This initial reduction
in braking efficiency can be
compensated for by exerting
greater pressure on the levers.
New brake pads can extend stopping distance by a
significant margin.
Brake early.
Tires
New tires have a smooth surface. This must be roughened by
riding in a restrained manner at
various heel angles until the tires
are run in. This running in procedure is essential if the tires are to
achieve maximum grip.
New tires have not
achieved their full adhesion
yet. There is a danger of
accidents when driving at
extreme angles.
Avoid extreme angles.
Shifting gear
Gearshift assistant
with gearshift assistant OE
Your motorcycle is equipped with
a shifting assistant developed
based on racing requirements. It
enables upshifting without actuating the clutch or throttle valve
in virtually all load and engine
speed ranges. During acceleration the throttle valve can remain
open, and the shifting time is reduced to a minimum. The gears
are shifted into as usual with foot
force on the shift lever.
5
75
Riding
Exceeding the specified engine speeds while running
in will lead to increased engine
wear.
Adhere to the specified engine
run-in speeds.
z
No shifting support is provided in
the following situations:
during shifting with engaged
clutch
during shifting with the throttle
valve closed (overrun)
during downshifts
5
Riding
76
z
Brakes
The sensor 1 in the shift linkage
detects the shift request and initiates shifting support.
How is the shortest
braking distance
achieved?
When driving at constant speed
in low gears at high engine
speeds, upshifting without clutch
operation can result in major
load change reactions. , BMW
Motorrad recommends only
upshifting with clutch operation
in these driving situations. The
shifting assistant should not
be used in the area of the revlimiter.
The dynamic load distribution
between the front and rear wheel
changes during braking. The
heavier you brake, the more
the front wheel is loaded. The
greater the wheel load, the more
braking force can be transferred.
To achieve the shortest possible
braking distance, the front brake
must be applied quickly and with
increasing force. This optimally utilizes the dynamic load increase on the front wheel. At the
same time, the clutch should also be actuated. With the "forced
braking" often practiced in which
the brake pressure is generated as quickly as possible and
with great force, the dynamic
load distribution cannot follow
the increased deceleration and
the braking force cannot be completely transferred to the road
surface. To prevent the front
wheel from locking, the ABS system must intervene and reduce
the brake pressure; the braking
distance increases.
Descending mountain
passes
There is a danger of the
brakes fading if you use only the rear brakes when descending mountain passes. Under
extreme conditions, the brakes
could overheat and suffer severe
damage.
Use both front and rear brakes,
Wet brakes
After washing the motorcycle, after driving through
water or in the rain, braking can
be delayed due to damp brake
disks and brake pads.
Brake early until the brakes are
dry or braked until dry.
Salt on brakes
The full braking effect can
be delayed if the motorcycle is ridden on salt-covered
roads and the brakes are not applied for some time.
Brake early until the salt layer of
the brake disks and brake pads
has been braked off.
Oil or grease on brakes
Oil and grease on the brake
disks and pads considerably
diminish braking efficiency.
Especially after repair and maintenance tasks, make sure that
the brake disks and brake pads
are free of oil and grease.
Dirt or mud on brakes
When the motorcycle is
ridden on loose surfaces
or muddy roads, the brakes may
fail to take effect immediately
because of dirt or moisture on
the disks or brake pads.
Brake early until the brakes are
braked clean.
Parking your
motorcycle
5
Placing on side stand
77
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee
that the motorcycle will rest firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Switch off the engine.
Pull handbrake lever.
Hold motorcycle upright and
balanced.
Use your left foot to extend
side stand fully.
The side stand is designed
to support only the weight
of the motorcycle.
Do not lean or sit on the
motorcycle with the side stand
extended.
Slowly lean the motorcycle to
the side until its weight is taken
Riding
and make use of the engine's
braking effect as well.
z
by the stand and dismount to
the left.
78
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface
of the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
handlebars to the left or right.
However, the motorcycle is more
stable on a level surface with the
handlebars turned to the left than
with the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
Riding
5
z
Turn handlebars to full left or
right lock position.
Check that the motorcycle is
standing firmly.
On a grade, the motorcycle
should always face uphill;
select 1st gear.
Lock steering lock.
Remove from side stand
Unlock steering lock.
From left, grip handlebars with
both hands.
Pull handbrake lever.
Swing your right leg over the
seat and lift motorcycle to upright position.
Hold motorcycle upright and
balanced.
An extended side stand can
catch on the ground when
the motorcycle is moving and
lead to a fall.
Retract the side stand before
moving the vehicle.
Sit on motorcycle and use your
left foot to retract side stand.
Placing on center stand
with center stand OA
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee
that the motorcycle will rest firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Switch off the engine.
Dismount and keep your left
hand on left handlebar grip.
Grasp passenger seat handle
or rear frame with your right
hand.
Using your right foot, press
center stand toward rear until
feet rest on ground.
Place full weight of body on
center stand while pulling motorcycle toward rear.
Excessive movements
could result in the center
stand retracting, and the
motorcycle would topple as a
result.
Do not sit on the motorcycle
while it is resting on the center
stand.
Pushing off center stand
with center stand OA
Unlock steering lock.
Place your left hand on left
handlebar grip.
With your right hand, grip rear
grab handle or rear frame.
Push motorcycle forward off
center stand.
Make sure that center stand is
fully retracted.
Refueling
Fuel is highly flammable.
Fire at the fuel tank can
result in fire and explosion.
Do not smoke. Never bring a
naked flame near the fuel tank.
Fuel expands when exposed to heat. When the
tank is overfilled, fuel can escape
and get onto the rear wheel.
This results in a danger of falling.
Do not fill the tank past the bottom edge of the filler neck.
Fuel attacks plastic surfaces, making them cloudy
or unattractive.
Wipe off any fuel that gets onto
plastic parts immediately.
Fuel can attack the material
of the windshield; it then
becomes dull or unsightly.
Wipe off any fuel that gets onto
the windshield immediately.
Leaded fuel will destroy the
catalytic converter.
Use only unleaded fuel.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Open protective cap.
5
79
Riding
Check that the motorcycle is
standing firmly.
Lock steering lock.
z
Open fuel tank cap with ignition key by turning it counterclockwise.
5
Usable fuel quantity
80
Approx. 5 gal (Approx. 19 l)
Riding
Reserve fuel quantity
z
Refuel with quality listed below
at most until lower edge of filler
neck is reached.
Recommended fuel quality
98 ROZ/RON (Super Plus
unleaded)
95 ROZ/RON (Super unleaded (fuel type can be used
with reduced performance
and consumption))
~1.1 gal (~4 l)
Press fuel tank cap down firmly
to close.
Remove key and close protective cap.
Securing motorcycle
for transport
Protect all components along
which straps are routed against
scratching. For example, use
adhesive tape or soft cloths.
The motorcycle can tip
away to the side and fall
over.
Secure the motorcycle against
tipping away to the side.
Push motorcycle onto transport
surface, and do not place on
side stand or center stand.
5
Components can be damaged.
Do not pinch components, e.g.
brake lines or wiring harnesses.
Place front strap over the
frame and route downward.
Guide the strap through the
wheel carrier toward the front
and tension downward.
Fasten straps at rear on both
sides on passenger footrests
and tension.
Tension all straps evenly; motorcycle should be compressed
as greatly as possible.
Riding
81
z
Riding
5
82
z
Technology in detail
Technology in detail
Brake system with BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
6
83
Tire Pressure Control RDC . . . . . . . . . 87
Electronic Suspension Adjustment
ESA II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Technology in detail
Engine management with BMW
Motorrad ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
z
6
84
Brake system with
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS
Technology in detail
Partially integral brake
z
Your motorcycle is equipped with
a partially integral brake configuration. Both front and rear brakes
are applied simultaneously when
you pull the handbrake lever.
The footbrake lever acts only on
the rear brake.
The BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
adapts the braking force distribution between the front and rear
wheel brake to the loading of the
motorcycle during braking.
Spinning of the rear wheel
with the front brake pulled
(burn out) is made considerably more difficult by the integral function. The result may be
damage to the rear wheel brake
and the clutch.
Avoid burn-outs.
How does ABS work?
The maximum braking force that
can be transferred to the road
surface is partially dependent on
the friction coefficient of the road
surface. Gravel, ice, snow and
wet roads offer a considerably
poorer friction coefficient than a
dry, clean asphalt surface. The
poorer the friction coefficient of
the road surface is, the longer
the braking distance will be.
If the maximum transferrable
braking force is exceeded when
the driver increases the brake
pressure, the wheels begin to
block and driving stability is lost,
and a fall can result. Before this
situation occurs, ABS intervenes
and adjusts the brake pressure
to the maximum transferrable
braking force. This enables the
wheels to continue to turn and
maintains driving stability regardless of the road surface condition.
What happens when
rough roads are
encountered?
Bumpy or rough roads can briefly
lead to a loss of contact between the tires and the road
surface, until the transferrable
braking force is reduced to zero. If braking is carried out in this
situation, ABS must reduce the
brake pressure to ensure driving stability when restoring contact to the road. At this point in
time, the BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS must assume extremely low
friction coefficients (gravel, ice,
snow) so that the running wheels
turn in every imaginable case and
the driving stability is ensured.
After detecting the actual conditions, the system adjusts the
optimum brake pressure.
If the ABS system must reduce
the braking forces due to the
conditions described above, then
vibrations can be felt at the handbrake lever.
If the handbrake lever is pulled,
then braking pressure is built up
at the rear wheel with the integral
function. If the footbrake pedal is
first actuated after this, the brake
pressure already built up can be
felt earlier than the counter-pressure, than when the footbrake
pedal is actuated before or together with the handbrake lever.
Lifting off rear wheel
Even during severe braking, a
high level of tire grip can mean
that the front wheel does not
lock up until very late, if at all.
Consequently, ABS does not intervene until very late, if at all.
Under these circumstances the
rear wheel can lift off the ground,
and the outcome can be a highsiding situation in which the motorcycle can flip over.
Heavy braking can lead to
the rear wheel lifting off the
ground.
When braking, bear in mind that
the ABS control cannot be relied
on in all circumstances to prevent
the rear wheel from lifting off the
ground.
What are the design
characteristics of the
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS?
The BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
ensures driving stability on any
surface within the limits of driving
physics. The system is not optimized for special requirements
resulting under extreme weath-
er conditions offroad or on the
racetrack.
6
Special situations
85
To detect the tendency of the
wheels to lock up, the speeds
of the front and rear wheel are
compared. If implausible values
are detected over a longer period
of time, the ABS function is deactivated for safety reasons and
an ABS fault is indicated. The
condition for a fault message is
the completed self-diagnosis.
In addition to problems on the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS,
unusual driving conditions can
also lead to a fault message.
Unusual driving conditions:
Heating up on the main or auxiliary stand at idle or with gear
engaged.
Rear wheel locked-up for a
longer period of time by en-
Technology in detail
How is the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS noticeable to
the rider?
z
gine brake, e.g. when riding
downhill offroad.
86
Should a fault message result
due to one of the driving conditions described above, the ABS
function can be reactivated by
switching the ignition off and
then on again.
Technology in detail
6
z
How important is regular
maintenance?
Any technical system is always only as good as its
maintenance condition.
To ensure that the BMW Motorrad ABS is in an optimally maintained condition, it is vital that the
specified inspection intervals be
complied with.
Reserves for safety
But remember: the potentially
shorter braking distances which
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS permits must not be used as an ex-
cuse for careless riding. ABS is
primarily a means of ensuring a
safety margin in genuine emergencies.
Take care when cornering. When
you apply the brakes on a corner, the motorcycle's weight and
momentum take over and even
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
unable to counteract their effects.
Engine management
with BMW Motorrad
ASC
with automatic Stability Control OE
How does ASC work?
The BMW Motorrad ASC compares the wheel speeds of the
front and rear wheel. From the
speed difference the slip, and
with it the stability reserves on
the rear wheel are determined.
When a slip limit is exceeded, the
engine torque is adapted by the
engine management system.
What are the design
characteristics of the
BMW Motorrad ASC?
The BMW Motorrad ASC is an
assistance system for the driver and is designed for driving on
public roads. Especially in at the
limits of driving physics, the driver has a considerable influence
on the control options of the
ASC (shifting weight in curves,
loose loads). The system is not
optimized for special requirements resulting under extreme
weather conditions offroad or on
the racetrack. The BMW Motorrad ASC can be deactivated for
these cases.
Even with ASC, physical
laws cannot be overridden.
The driver is always responsible
for adapting his/her driving style.
Do not reduce the additional
Special situations
At an increasing angle, the acceleration performance is increasingly limited in accordance with
physical laws. This can result in
delayed acceleration when coming out of very tight curves.
To detect spinning or slipping
away of the rear wheel, the
speeds of the front and
rear wheel are compared. If
implausible values are detected
over a longer period of time, the
ASC function is deactivated for
safety reasons and an ASC fault
is indicated. The condition for a
fault message is the completed
self-diagnosis.
In the following unusual driving
states, the BMW Motorrad ASC
can be automatically deactivated.
Unusual driving conditions:
Driving on the rear wheel
(wheely) for a longer period
with ASC deactivated.
Rear wheel spinning in place
with front brake pulled (burn
out).
Heating up on the main or auxiliary stand at idle or with gear
engaged.
On a slippery surface, the throttle
twist grip should never be suddenly turned back completely
without pull the clutch at the
same time. The engine braking
torque can cause the rear wheel
to block, resulting in an unstable driving state. This case cannot be controlled by the BWM
Motorrad ASC.
The ASC is reactivated by
switching the ignition on and
off and then driving at a speed
above 5 mph (10 km/h).
Tire Pressure Control
RDC
If the front wheel loses contact
to the ground during extreme
acceleration, the ASC reduces
the engine torque until the front
wheel touches the ground again.
In this case, BMW Motorrad
recommends turning back the
throttle twist grip somewhat to
achieve a stable driving state
again as quickly as possible.
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
Function
A sensor is located in each tire,
which measures the air temperature and the inflation pressure
inside the tire and sends these
values to the control unit.
The sensors are equipped with
a centrifugal controller, which
does not enable the transmission of the measured values un-
6
87
Technology in detail
safety provided with risky
driving.
z
6
Technology in detail
88
z
til a speed of approx. 20 mph
(30 km/h) is reached. Before initial reception of the tire inflation
pressure, -- is shown in the display for each tire. The sensors
continue to transmit the measured values for approx. 15 minutes after the motorcycle comes
to a stop.
The control unit can manage four
sensors, and as a result two sets
of wheels with RDC sensors can
be driven. If a RDC control unit
is installed, however the wheels
have no sensors, then an error
message is output.
Tire inflation pressure
ranges
The RDC control unit distinguishes between three tire inflation
pressure ranges matched to the
motorcycle:
Inflation pressure within the
permissible tolerance.
Inflation pressure at the limits
of the permissible tolerance.
Inflation pressure outside the
permissible tolerance.
Temperature
compensation
The tire inflation pressures are
shown temperature-compensated in the multifunction display;
they refer to a tire air temperature of 68 °F (20 °C). As the airpressure testers at filling stations
show a temperature-dependent
tire inflation pressure, they do
not match the values indicated in
the multifunction display in most
cases.
Adjusting inflation
pressure
Compare the TPC/RDC value in
the multifunction display with the
value on the back cover of the
Rider's Manual. The difference
between the two values must be
compensated with the air pressure tester at the filling station.
Example: According to the
Rider's Manual, the tire inflation
pressure is to be 36.3 psi
(2.5 bar), however 33.4 psi
(2.3 bar) is shown in the
multifunction display, i.e. it is low
by 2.9 psi (0.2 bar). The tester at
the filling station indicates 34.8
psi (2.4 bar). This value must be
increased by 2.9 psi (0.2 bar) to
37.7 psi (2.6 bar) to produce the
correct tire inflation pressure.
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA II) OE
Chassis adjustments
The proper loading state must
first be selected when the motorcycle is stationary according
to the motorcycle's load. Depending on the riding mode selected, the dampings are set on
both spring struts and the spring
base and spring rate are set on
the rear spring strut. If the selected riding mode is changed,
the spring rate on the rear spring
strut is also adjusted in addition
to the damping of both spring
struts. This enables very precise
adjustment of the chassis to all
riding conditions, including while
riding.
The combination of spring
base, damping and spring rate
ensures the chassis geometry
is always appropriate.
The static normal position is
virtually maintained while riding.
The different riding and loading
conditions are offset so that
the handling of the motorcycle
remains constant.
It is possible to electrically
change the spring rate
through the combination of a
conventional coil spring with a
plastic element (Elastogran), the
lateral expansion of which can be
electrohydraulically limited using
a displaceable sleeve. The more
the sleeve surrounds the plastic
element, the more its expansion
is limited and the spring rate
increases. The highest spring
rate is achieved when the sleeve
completely encloses the plastic
element and sits on the steel
spring. Accordingly, the spring
rate is lower, the less the sleeve
limits the expansion of the plastic
element.
6
89
Technology in detail
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment ESA II
z
Technology in detail
6
90
z
Accessories
Accessories
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Onboard socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
7
91
Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Flat tire kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Accessories
Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
z
7
Accessories
92
z
General instructions
BMW Motorrad recommends
the use of parts and accessories
for your motorcycle that are approved by BMW for this purpose.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer is the right place to go
for genuine BMW parts and accessories,other BMW-approved
products, and expert advice on
their installation and use.
These parts and products have
been tested by BMW for safety,
function and suitability. BMW
accepts product liability for these
products.
Conversely, BMW is unable to
accept any liability whatsoever
for parts and accessories which it
has not approved.
BMW Motorrad cannot examine or test each product
of outside origin to ensure that it
can be used on or in connection
with BMW motorcycles without
constituting a safety hazard. Nor
is this guarantee provided when
the official approval of a specific
country has been granted. Tests
conducted by these instances
cannot make provision for all operating conditions experienced by
BMW motorcycles and, consequently, they are not sufficient in
some circumstances.
Use only parts and accessories
approved by BMW for your
motorcycle.
Whenever you are planning modifications, comply with all the legal requirements. The motorcycle must not infringe on national
road-vehicle construction and
use regulations.
Onboard socket
Ratings
The supply to the socket 1 is cut
off automatically if battery voltage
is too low or the load exceeds
the maximum rating.
Operating electrical
accessories
You can start using electrical accessories only when the ignition
is switched on. The accessory
remains operational if the ignition is subsequently switched off.
Approx. 15 minutes after switching off the ignition and/or during
Cable routing
The cables from the onboard
socket to the auxiliary device
must be routed in such a way
that they:
Do not impede the rider
Do not restrict or obstruct the
steering angle and handling
characteristics
Cannot be trapped
Improperly routed cables
can impede the rider.
Route the cables as described
above.
limit and observe the loading
information.
Adjust setting of spring
preload, damping characteristic
and tire inflation pressures to
suit total weight.
with case OA
Ensure that case volumes on
left and right are equal.
Make sure that weight is uniformly distributed between
right and left.
Pack heavy items of luggage
downwards and inwards.
Observe maximum payload of
case and corresponding top
speed.
Payload of case
Luggage
Correct loading
Overloading and imbalanced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the gross weight
}18 lbs (}8 kg)
Speed limit for driving
with case
}112 mph (}180 km/h)
with tank rucksack OA
Observe maximum payload of
tank rucksack and corresponding top speed.
Payload of tank rucksack
max 11 lbs (max 5 kg)
Speed limit for driving
with tank rucksack
max 81 mph (max 130 km/
h)
with tank bag OA
Observe maximum payload of
tank bag and corresponding
top speed.
7
93
Accessories
starting, the onboard socket is
switched off to take the load off
the motorcycle electrical system.
z
7
94
Closing case
Payload of tank bag
}11 lbs (}5 kg)
Accessories
Speed limit for driving
with tank bag
z
}81 mph (}130 km/h)
Case
with case OA
Opening case
Pull gray release lever 1
(OPEN) upward.
Lock straps 2 open.
Pull gray release lever (OPEN)
upwards again while simultaneously pulling case lid 3 out of
retainer.
Press catches 1 of case lid into
retainers 2.
The catches can be heard to
lock into place.
Press catches of lock straps
into locking devices 2.
The catches can be heard to
lock into place.
Check secure fastening of case
lid and lock straps.
Adjusting case volume
Turn lock barrel in direction
OPEN.
Open case and close only the
case lid again.
Removing case
7
Turn lock strap buckles 1 of
lock straps outward.
Pull out the lock straps upwards to their full extent.
The maximum volume has
been set.
Close lock straps.
Press lock straps against case
body.
The case volume is adapted to
the contents.
Turn lock barrel in direction
RELEASE.
Accessories
95
z
Pull black release lever 1 (RELEASE) upwards while simul-
7
96
taneously pulling the case outward.
Then lift case out of lower
mounting.
Secure hold
Accessories
Mounting case
z
Hook case into lower mounting.
Pull black release lever 1 (RELEASE) upwards while simultaneously pushing the case into
upper mounting.
Press black release lever (RELEASE) downward.
Check case for secure hold.
If a case wobbles or is difficult
to fit, it has to be adapted to the
gap between the upper and lower mounting. The height of the
lower holder for the case can
be changed on the inside of the
case.
Flat tire kit
with flat tire kit OA
Stowing flat tire kit
Removing seat (
67).
Remove screws 1 and side
trim.
To protect the side panel
from scratches, lay it on the
seat.
7
Position flat tire kit using a rubber band as shown.
Accessories
97
z
Attach side trim and fit
screws 1.
Installing seat ( 67).
Accessories
7
98
z
Maintenance
Maintenance
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
8
99
Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Front wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Rear-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Maintenance
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
z
8
Maintenance
100
z
General instructions
Toolkit
The 'Maintenance' chapter describes work involving the checking and replacement of wear
parts that can be performed with
a minimum of effort.
If special tightening torques are
to be taken into account for
assembly, these are listed. An
overview of all required tightening
torques is contained in the
chapter "Technical Data".
Information on additional maintenance and repair work is provided in the Repair Manual for your
motorcycle on DVD, which you
can obtain from your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Toolkit
Special tools and thorough specialized knowledge are required
to carry out some of the work
described here. If you are in
doubt, consult a certified workshop, preferably your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
1
1
2
3
Reversible screwdriver with
Phillips and straight blade
TORX wrench, T25
Small screwdriver with
Phillips blade
Onboard-toolkit service
set
with service toolkit OA
2
3
4
5
Pull-out tool holder
for mounting all tools via
adapters and for removing
spark plug
1/4" bits
Bits of various sizes
3/8" Allen key, 22 mm
for removing quick-release
axle on front wheel
Flashlight
Socket wrench
Open-ended wrenches of
various sizes
Adapter
for holding 1/4" bits and
9x12 mm and 3/8" jointed
adapter
Engine oil
Checking engine oil level
without center stand OA
Make sure ground is level and
firm and hold motorcycle at operating temperature vertically.
or after a short trip leads to misinterpretations and therefore to
incorrect oil fill quantities.
To ensure that the display of the
engine oil level is correct, only
check the oil level after a longer
trip.
Let the engine run in neutral
for one minute.
Switch off ignition.
with center stand OA
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle at
operating temperature on its
center stand.
After longer motorcycle immobilization periods, engine oil can collect in the oil pan;
this must be pumped into the oil
tank before the reading is taken.
Here, the engine oil must be at
operating temperature. Checking
the oil level with the engine cold
8
101
Specified level of engine
oil
between MIN and MAX
marking
If oil level is below MIN mark:
Topping up engine oil ( 102).
Read off the oil level from the
display 1.
If the oil level is above the MAX
mark:
Have oil level corrected by
a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Maintenance
6
z
8
102
Topping up engine oil
Removing seat ( 67).
Wipe area around fill location
clean.
Checking engine oil level
( 101).
Install cap of oil fill location 1
by turning clockwise.
Installing seat ( 67).
Maintenance
Brake system
Operating safety
z
Remove cap from oil fill location 1 by turning counterclockwise.
Both too little and too
much engine oil can lead to
engine damage.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
Add engine oil up to specified
level.
A fully functional brake system is
a basic requirement for the road
safety of your motorcycle.
Do not ride the motorcycle if you
have any doubts about the dependability of the brake system.
In this case, have the brake system checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably by an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Incorrect working practices
endanger the reliability of
the brakes.
Have all work on the brake system performed by a specialized
workshop, preferably by an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Checking brake operation
Pull handbrake lever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
Press footbrake lever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
Brake pads
Checking front brake pad
thickness
Dropping below the minimum pad thickness leads
to reduced braking performance
and may result in damage to the
brakes.
In order to ensure the operating
reliability of the brake system,
make sure that the brake pads
are not worn beyond their minimum thickness.
Front brake-pad wear
limit
Visually inspect the left and
right brake pads to ascertain
their thickness. Direction of
view: between wheel and
front wheel control to brake
calipers 1.
min 0.04 in (min 1 mm) (Only friction material without
carrier plate. Wear markings
(grooves) must be clearly visible.)
If the wear indicating mark is no
longer clearly visible:
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Checking rear brake pad
thickness
8
Dropping below the minimum pad thickness leads
to reduced braking performance
and may result in damage to the
brakes.
In order to ensure the operating
reliability of the brake system,
make sure that the brake pads
are not worn beyond their minimum thickness.
103
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Maintenance
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
z
Brake fluid
8
Checking front brake fluid
level
Maintenance
104
z
without center stand OA
Make sure ground is level
and firm and hold motorcycle
vertically.
Check the brake pad thickness
with visual inspection. Direction
of view: from right to brake
caliper 1.
Rear brake-pad wear limit
min 0.04 in (min 1.0 mm)
(Only friction material without carrier plate. Brake disk
must not be visible through
bore hole of inner brake
pad.)
If brake disk is visible:
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
with center stand OA
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Move handlebars into straightahead position.
8
Checking rear brake fluid
level
105
without center stand OA
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and hold motorcycle
vertically.
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
Read off brake fluid level at
brake-fluid reservoir 1.
In the event of brake pad
wear, the brake fluid level in
the brake-fluid reservoir falls.
Front brake fluid level
Brake fluid DOT4
The brake fluid level must
not fall below the MIN mark.
(Brake fluid reservoir horizontal, motorcycle standing upright and handlebars straight
ahead)
If brake fluid level drops below
permissible level:
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an
with center stand OA
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Maintenance
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
z
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
8
106
Clutch
Maintenance
Checking clutch operation
z
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
Read off brake fluid level at
brake-fluid reservoir 1.
In the event of brake pad
wear, the brake fluid level in
the brake-fluid reservoir falls.
Rear brake fluid level
Brake fluid DOT4
The brake fluid level must
not fall below the MIN mark.
(Brake-fluid reservoir horizontal, motorcycle standing
upright)
If brake fluid level drops below
permissible level:
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an
Pull the clutch lever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
If no clear pressure point can be
felt:
Have the clutch checked
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Checking clutch fluid level
without center stand OA
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and hold motorcycle
vertically.
with center stand OA
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
If fluid level drops:
Unsuitable hydraulic fluids
could cause damage to the
clutch system.
No fluids may be poured in.
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Read off clutch fluid level at
clutch fluid reservoir 1.
The fluid level in the clutch
fluid reservoir rises due to
clutch wear.
Clutch fluid level (visual
check)
Clutch fluid level must not
drop.
The clutch system is filled
with a special hydraulic fluid
that does not require changing.
Tires
Checking tire tread depth
The handling of your motorcycle can already change
for the worse before the legally
prescribed minimum tread depth
is reached.
Have tires replaced even before the minimum tread depth
is reached.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Measure tire tread depth in
main tread grooves with wear
indicating marks.
Tires have wear indicators
integrated into the main
tread grooves. If the tire tread
has worn down to the level of
the marks, the tire is completely
worn. The locations of the marks
are indicated on the edge of the
tire, e.g. by the letters TI, TWI or
by an arrow.
When the minimum tread depth
is reached:
Replace tires concerned.
Rims
Checking rims
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
8
107
Maintenance
Move handlebars into straightahead position.
z
8
Maintenance
108
z
Visually inspect rims for defects.
Have damaged rims checked
and, if necessary, replaced
by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Wheels
Tire recommendation
For every size of tire, BMW
Motorrad has tested and
approved certain makes as
roadworthy. BMW Motorrad
cannot evaluate the suitability of
other tires, and can therefore
take no responsibility for their
driving safety.
BMW Motorrad recommends
only using the tires tested and
approved by BMW Motorrad.
Extensive information is available
at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer or on the Internet at
www.bmw-motorrad.com.
Affect of wheel sizes on
chassis control systems
The wheel sizes play a major role
in the chassis control systems
ABS and ASC. Especially the diameter and width of the wheels
are stored in the control unit as
the basis for all necessary calculations. A change in these sizes
due to conversion to others than
the wheels installed as standard
equipment can seriously affect
the control comfort of these systems.
The sensor wheels required for
wheel speed detection must also
match the control systems installed and may not be replaced.
If you want to equip your motorcycle with different wheels,
please speak to a specialized
workshop, and preferably a BMW
Motorrad retailer. In some cases the data stored in the control
units can be adapted to the new
wheel sizes.
TPC/RDC sticker
with Tire Pressure Control
(TPC/RDC) OE
The TPC sensors can be
damaged by improper tire
mounting.
Inform the BMW Motorrad retailer or the specialized workshop
that the wheel is equipped with a
TPC sensor.
On motorcycles equipped with
TPC/RDC, a corresponding sticker is located on the wheel rim
at the position of the TPC/RDC
sensor. During a tire change it
must be ensured that the TPC/
RDC sensor is not damaged. Inform the BMW Motorrad retailer
or the specialized workshop of
the TPC/RDC sensor.
8
109
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Remove screws 1 on left and
right.
Pull out front wheel cover toward front.
Unclip two retaining clips 1 of
the ABS sensor cable on brake
line.
Mask off area of wheel rim that
could be scratched in process
of removing brake calipers.
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is
a risk of the brake pads being
pressed together to the extent
that they cannot be slipped back
over the brake disk on reassembly.
Do not operate the handbrake
lever when the brake calipers
have been removed.
Remove securing screws 2 of
left and right brake calipers.
Maintenance
Removing front wheel
z
Raise front of motorcycle until
the front wheel can turn freely.
BMW Motorrad recommends
the BMW Motorrad front-wheel
stand for lifting the motorcycle.
Fitting front wheel stand
( 116).
8
Maintenance
110
z
Push brake pads 3 apart
slightly by rocking the brake
caliper 4 back and forth against
the brake disk 5.
Carefully pull brake calipers
back and out until clear of
brake disks.
When pulling off left brake
caliper, make sure that ABS
sensor cable is not damaged.
Remove screw 1 and take ABS
sensor out of hole.
without center stand OA
Place motorcycle on an auxiliary stand; BMW Motorrad recommends BMW Motorrad rear
wheel stand.
Installing rear-wheel stand
( 117).
with center stand OA
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
The left axle clamping
screw fixes the threaded
bush in place in the front
suspension. A poorly aligned
threaded bush results in incorrect
spacing between the ABS sensor
ring and the ABS sensor, and
therefor to ABS malfunctions or
destruction of the ABS sensor.
Remove right-hand axle clamping screw 2.
Remove quick-release axle 3
while supporting wheel.
Place the front wheel in the
front wheel guide on the
ground.
The ABS sensor can be
damaged when rolling out
the front wheel.
Watch the ABS sensor when
rolling out the front wheel.
Roll front wheel forward to remove.
Installing front wheel
Malfunctions may occur
during control interventions
by ABS and ASC if a wheel other
than the standard wheel is installed.
Please see the information on
the effect of wheel sizes on the
chassis control systems ABS
and ASC at the beginning of this
chapter.
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
The front wheel must be
installed right way round to
rotate in the correct direction.
Observe the direction of rotation arrows on the tires or on the
rim.
Roll front wheel into front
wheel guide.
8
111
Lift front wheel and install
quick-release axle 3 with
torque.
Quick-release axle in
threaded bush
37 lb/ft (50 Nm)
Tighten the right-hand axle
clamping screw 2 with the
specified torque.
Clamping bolt in wheel
carrier
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Remove front wheel stand.
Maintenance
To ensure the proper alignment
of the threaded bush, do not
loosen or remove the left axle
clamping screw.
z
8
without center stand OA
Remove rear wheel stand.
Maintenance
112
z
Install securing screws 2 on left
and right with specified torque.
Insert ABS sensor into hole
and install screw 1.
Ease brake calipers onto brake
disks.
Front brake caliper on
wheel carrier
22 lb/ft (30 Nm)
Clip in the two retaining clips 1
for the ABS sensor cable on
the brake line.
Remove adhesive tape from
wheel rim.
Press handbrake lever firmly
a number of times until resistance point is felt.
Do not remove sealing grease
from clamp.
8
Install front wheel cover and fit
screws 1 on right and left.
Removing rear wheel
Remove three screws 1 on the
muffler cover 2.
Take off cover.
without center stand OA
Place motorcycle on an auxiliary stand; BMW Motorrad recommends BMW Motorrad rear
wheel stand.
Installing rear-wheel stand
( 117).
with center stand OA
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Loosen screw 3 on clamp far
enough that the clip can be
twisted.
Remove screw 4 on the rear
footrest while supporting the
end muffler.
Maintenance
113
z
than the standard wheel is installed.
Please see the information on
the effect of wheel sizes on the
chassis control systems ABS
and ASC at the beginning of this
chapter.
8
Maintenance
114
z
First turn the end muffler
downward slightly and then
outward.
Engage first gear.
Remove five screws 1 on rear
wheel, holding wheel as you do
so.
When using the BMW Motorrad rear wheel stand: remove
the lock washer.
Lower rear wheel to the ground
and roll out toward rear.
When using the BMW Motorrad rear wheel stand: remount
the lock washer.
Installing rear wheel
Malfunctions may occur
during control interventions
by ABS and ASC if a wheel other
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
When using the BMW Motorrad rear wheel stand: remove
the lock washer.
Roll and mount rear wheel onto
rear wheel support.
When using the BMW Motorrad rear wheel stand: remount
the lock washer.
8
Fit five screws 1 and tighten diagonally with specified
torque.
Tighten rear wheel on
wheel flange
Tightening sequence: diagonally
Tighten screw 4 on the rear
footrest with the appropriate
torque.
Muffler on passenger
footrest
Align end muffler in such a way
that the grip of the plug-selectable screwdriver (toolkit)
fits between the tires and end
muffler.
16 lb/ft (22 Nm)
44 lb/ft (60 Nm)
Turn the end muffler to its initial position.
Align clip as shown.
Maintenance
115
z
8
Tighten screw 3 on the clamp
with the appropriate torque.
116
Muffler with ball-joint
clamp on manifold
Maintenance
26 lb/ft (35 Nm)
z
Position muffler cover 2 and fit
three screws 1.
without center stand OA
Remove rear wheel stand.
Front wheel stand
Fitting front wheel stand
The BMW Motorrad front
wheel stand is not designed
for holding motorcycles without a
center or other auxiliary stands. A
motorcycle standing on the front
wheel stand and the rear wheel
alone can fall over.
Place the motorcycle on the center stand or an auxiliary stand
before lifting it with the BMW
Motorrad front wheel stand.
Use basic stand with tool number (0 402 241) in combination with front-wheel adapter
(0 402 243).
without center stand OA
Place motorcycle on an auxiliary stand; BMW Motorrad recommends BMW Motorrad rear
wheel stand.
Installing rear-wheel stand
( 117).
with center stand OA
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Loosen adjusting screws 1.
Push two mounting pins 2 far
enough apart that front suspension fits between them.
Use locating pins 3 to set front
wheel stand to desired height.
Center front wheel stand relative to front wheel and push it
against front axle.
Rear-wheel stand
Installing rear-wheel
stand
8
117
The sensor ring of the
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS can be damaged.
Only push the left mounting pin
so far inward that it does not
touch the sensor ring.
Push two mounting pins 2
through triangles of brake
caliper support toward inside
so that front wheel can still be
rolled through.
Tighten adjusting screws 1.
If the motorcycle is resting
on the center stand: The
motorcycle is raised too far at the
front, the center stand lifts off the
ground and the motorcycle can
tip over to the side.
When raising the motorcycle,
make sure that the center stand
remains on the ground.
Apply uniform pressure to push
front wheel stand down and
raise motorcycle.
Maintenance
Use basic stand with tool number (0 402 245) with rear axle
adapter (0 402 250).
z
Set desired height of rear
wheel stand using bolts 1.
Remove the lock washer 2; to
do so, press the unlock button 3.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place the motorcycle
on its side stand.
8
Maintenance
118
z
Push rear wheel stand from left
into rear axle.
Mount lock washer 2 from right
by pressing release button.
With your left hand, grab the
passenger grab handle of the
motorcycle and with your right
hand grab the grip of the rear
wheel stand.
Position motorcycle vertically
while simultaneously pressing
the grip of the stand back so
that both of the stand's rollers
rest on the ground.
Then press the grip down to
the ground.
To ensure a secure position,
install lever 4 on the short side
of the stand.
Lamps
General instructions
A warning appears in the multifunction display if a bulb is defective. If the brake or rear light fails,
the symbol is accompanied by
the 'General' warning light, which
lights up yellow.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
The bulb is pressurized and
can cause injury if damaged.
Wear eye and hand protection
when replacing bulbs.
An overview of the bulb
types installed in your motorcycle is provided in the chapter "Technical Data".
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers. For installation, use a clean,
dry cloth. Dirt deposits, in particular oil and grease, interfere
with heat radiation from the bulb.
Overheating and therefore short
service life of the bulbs are the
consequence.
Replacing low-beam and
high-beam bulbs
8
The alignment of the connector may differ from the
illustration depending on the bulb
to be replaced.
119
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Switch off the ignition.
Disconnect plug 3.
Maintenance
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
z
Remove the covers 1 on the
high-beam bulbs and/or the
cover 2 on the low-beam bulbs
by turning counterclockwise.
Remove spring strap 4 from
detents and fold up.
Remove bulb 5.
8
120
Replace defective bulb.
Bulbs for low-beam
headlight
Maintenance
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulb for high-beam
headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Install spring straps 4 in locks.
z
Install covers 1 for high-beam
bulbs and/or cover 2 for lowbeam bulbs by turning clockwise.
Replacing parking light
bulb
Insert bulb 5 while ensuring
correct position of lug 6.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Switch off the ignition.
Close connector 3.
low by turning it counterclockwise.
8
Unlock and disconnect plug
connection 1 beneath headlight
at position 2.
Insert bulb 4 into bulb socket.
Remove bulb 4 from bulb holder.
z
Replace defective bulb.
Bulb for parking light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Remove bulb socket 3 from
the headlight housing from be-
Maintenance
121
Install bulb socket 3 in headlight housing from below by
turning clockwise.
Remove bulb holder 2 from
lamp housing by turning it
counterclockwise.
8
Maintenance
122
z
Close connector 1 below headlight.
Remove screw 1.
Replacing front turn
indicator bulbs
Remove bulb 3 from bulb holder.
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Switch off the ignition.
Replacing defective bulb
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, front
Pull lamp housing on screw
connection side out of mirror
housing.
W16W / 12 V / 16 W
8
Install bulb 3 in bulb socket.
Install screw 1.
Remove screw 1.
Replacing rear turn
indicator bulbs
z
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Switch off the ignition.
Install bulb socket 2 in lamp
housing by turning clockwise.
Insert lamp housing in mirror
housing.
Maintenance
123
Pull lamp housing on screw
connection side out of turn indicator housing.
8
Maintenance
124
z
Press bulb 2 into socket and
turn counterclockwise to remove.
Press bulb 2 into fitting and
install turning clockwise.
Install screw 1.
Diode rear light
If more LEDs have burned out
in the tail light than are indicated
in the Technical Data below, the
tail light bulb must be replaced.In
this case:
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Replace defective bulb.
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, rear
R10W / 12 V / 10 W
Insert lamp glass in turn indicator housing.
Maximum number of defective LEDs in taillight
1 (Brake light/taillight (red))
1 (License plate light (white))
The wires leading to the
power socket do not have
a load-capacity rating adequate
for jump-starting the engine. Excessively high current can lead
to a cable fire or damage to the
motorcycle electronics.
Do not use the onboard socket
to jump-start the engine of the
motorcycle.
Touching live parts of the
ignition system with the
engine running can cause electric
shock.
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine is
running.
A short-circuit can result
if the crocodile clips of
the jump leads are accidentally brought into contact with the
motorcycle.
Use only jump leads fitted with
fully insulated crocodile clips at
both ends.
Jump-starting with a donorbattery voltage higher than
12 V can damage the motorcycle
electronics.
The battery of the donor vehicle
must have a voltage of 12 V.
When jump-starting the engine,
do not disconnect the battery
from the onboard electrical system.
Removing battery compartment
cover ( 128).
Run engine of donor vehicle
during jump-starting.
Begin by connecting one end
of red jump lead to positive terminal of discharged battery and
other end to positive terminal
of donor battery.
Then connect one end of black
jumper lead to negative terminal of donor battery, and other
end to negative terminal of discharged battery.
Start the engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery
in the usual way; if the engine
does not start, wait a few minutes before repeating the attempt in order to protect the
starter motor and the donor
battery.
Allow both engines to idle for a
few minutes before disconnecting jump leads.
Disconnect jump lead from
negative terminals first, then
disconnect second lead from
positive terminals.
Installing battery compartment
cover ( 129).
8
125
Maintenance
Jump-starting
z
Battery
126
Correct upkeep, recharging and
storage will prolong the life of
the battery and are essential if
warranty claims are to be considered.
Compliance with the points below is important in order to maximize battery life:
Keep the surface of the battery
clean and dry
Do not open the battery
Do not top up with water
Be sure to read and comply
with the instructions for charging the battery on the following
pages
Do not turn the battery upside
down
Maintenance
8
z
Maintenance instructions
If the battery is not disconnected, the onboard electronics (clock etc.) will drain the
battery. This can cause the battery to run flat. If this happens,
warranty claims will not be accepted.
During periods when the motorcycle is not being used, of more
than four weeks, disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle or
connect a trickle charger to the
battery.
BMW Motorrad has developed a trickle-charger specially designed for compatibility
with the electronics of your motorcycle. Using this charger, you
can keep the battery charged
during long periods when the
motorcycle is not being used
without having to disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle's
onboard systems. Additional information is available at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Charging connected
battery
Charging the connected
battery directly at the battery terminals can damage the
motorcycle electronics.
To charge the battery via the
battery terminals, disconnect the
battery first.
If you switch on the ignition and the multifunction
display and indicator lights fail to
light up, the battery is completely flat. Attempting to charge a
completely flat battery via the onboard socket can cause damage
to the motorcycle's electronics.
Always charge a completely
drained battery directly at the
terminals of the disconnected
battery.
Charging the battery via
the onboard socket is only
possible with suitable chargers.
Unsuitable chargers can result in
Charge disconnected battery
via onboard socket.
The motorcycle's onboard
electronics know when the
battery is fully charged. The
onboard socket is switched off
when this happens.
Comply with operating instructions of charger.
If you are unable to
charge the battery via
the onboard socket, you
may be using a charger that
is not compatible with your
motorcycle's electronics. In this
case, please charge the battery
directly at the terminals of the
disconnected battery.
8
Charging disconnected
battery
127
Charge battery using a suitable
charger.
Comply with operating instructions of charger.
Once the battery is fully
charged, disconnect the
charger's terminal clips from
the battery terminals.
In the case of longer periods when the motorcycle is
not being used, the battery must
be recharged regularly. See the
instructions for caring for your
battery. Always fully recharge
the battery before returning it to
use.
Removing battery
Removing battery compartment
cover ( 128).
An incorrect disconnection
sequence increase the risk
of short-circuiting.
Always observe the proper
sequence.
Remove negative cable 1 first.
Then remove positive cable 2.
Unscrew screws 3 and pull retaining bracket toward rear.
Lift battery upwards; if it is difficult to move, moving it back
and forth will help.
Maintenance
damage to the motorcycle electronics.
Use BMW chargers with the
part numbers 71 60 7 688 864
(220 V) or, as applicable,
71 60 7 688 865 (110 V). If in
doubt, charge the disconnected
battery directly at the terminals.
z
8
Place battery in battery compartment, positive terminal on
right in direction of travel.
Maintenance
128
Installing battery
If the motorcycle was disconnected from the battery for a longer time, the current
date must be entered in the instrument cluster to ensure the
proper operation of the service
display.
Consult a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer, for setting of
the date.
Installing battery compartment
cover ( 129).
z
Push retaining strap over battery and install screws 3.
An incorrect installation sequence increases the risk
of short-circuiting.
Always observe the proper
sequence.
First install positive battery cable 2.
Then install negative battery
cable 1.
Setting clock (
48).
Removing battery
compartment cover
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and park the motorcycle.
Remove screws 1.
Remove battery compartment
cover forward and upward
while ensuring the anchorages
are in position 2.
Installing battery
compartment cover
8
Position battery compartment
cover at the rear and close
while ensuring the anchorages
are in position 2.
Install screws 1.
Maintenance
129
z
Maintenance
8
130
z
Care
Care
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Washing your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . 132
9
131
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Protective wax coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Storing motorcycle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Returning motorcycle to use . . . . . . . 134
Care
Cleaning sensitive motorcycle
parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
z
9
Care
132
z
Care products
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use cleaning and care
products available at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
BMW CareProducts have been
materials tested, laboratory tested, and field tested and provide
optimum care and protection for
the materials used in your motorcycle.
The use of unsuitable
cleaning and care products
can damage motorcycle
components.
For cleaning, do not use any solvents such as nitro-thinners, cold
cleaning agents, fuel or similar,
and do not use cleaning agents
that contain alcohol.
Washing your
motorcycle
Brake early until the brakes are
dry or braked until dry.
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use BMW Insect Remover to soften and wash off
insects and stubborn dirt from
painted parts before washing the
motorcycle.
To prevent stains, do not wash
the motorcycle immediately after
it has been exposed to bright
sunlight and do not wash it in the
sun.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is washed frequently, especially
during the winter months.
To remove road salt, clean the
motorcycle with cold water immediately after every trip.
Warm water intensifies the
effect of salt.
Only use cold water to remove
road salt.
After washing the motorcycle, after driving through
water or in the rain, braking can
be delayed due to damp brake
disks and brake pads.
The high pressure of steam
cleaners can damage seals,
the hydraulic brake system, the
electrical system and the seat.
Do not use a steam jet or highpressure cleaning equipment.
Cleaning sensitive
motorcycle parts
Plastics
Clean plastic parts with water
and BMW plastic care emulsion.
This includes in particular:
Windshields and wind deflectors
Headlight lens made of plastic
Covering glass of the instrument cluster
If plastic parts are cleaned
using unsuitable cleaning
agents, the surfaces can be damaged.
Do not use cleaning agents that
contain alcohol, solvents or abrasives to clean plastic parts.
'Fly sponges' or sponges with
hard surfaces can also lead to
scratches.
Soften stubborn dirt and
dead insects by covering
the affected areas with a wet
cloth.
Windshield
Clean off dirt and insects with a
soft sponge and plenty of water.
Fuel and chemical solvents
attack the windshield material; the windshield becomes
cloudy or dull.
Do not use cleaning agents.
Chrome
Especially in the case of road
salt, carefully clean chrome parts
with plenty of water and BMW
auto shampoo. Use chrome polish for additional treatment.
Radiator
Clean the radiator regularly to
prevent overheating of the engine due to inadequate cooling.
For example, use a garden hose
with low water pressure.
Cooling fins can be bent
easily.
When cleaning the radiator, ensure that the fins are not bent.
Rubber
Treat rubber components with
water or BMW rubber protection
coating agent.
Using silicone sprays for
the care of rubber seals can
cause damage.
Do not use silicon sprays or other care products that contain
silicon.
9
133
Paint care
Washing the motorcycle regularly
will help counteract the long-term
effects of substances that damage the paint, especially if your
motorcycle is ridden in areas
with high air pollution or natural
sources of dirt, e.g. tree resin or
pollen.
However, remove particularly aggressive materials immediately;
otherwise changes in the paint or
discoloration can occur. These
include spilled fuel, oil, grease,
brake fluid as well as bird droppings. BMW Car Polish or BMW
Paint Cleaner are recommended
for this.
Contamination of the paint finish
is particularly easy to see after
the motorcycle has been washed.
Remove this type of soiling with
Care
Black, unpainted parts
z
9
Care
134
z
cleaning naphtha or spirit on a
clean cloth or cotton ball. BMW
Motorrad recommends removing tar spots with BMW Tar Remover. Then add a protective
wax coating to the paint at these
locations.
Protective wax coating
To preserve the finish of your
motorcycle, BMW Motorrad recommends using BMW Car Wax
or agents that contain carnauba
or synthetic waxes.
A sure sign that the paint must
be protected, is the fact that water no longer pearls up on it.
Storing motorcycle
Clean motorcycle.
Remove battery.
Spray brake and clutch lever,
and main and side stand pivots
with a suitable lubricant.
Coat bare metal and chromeplated parts with an acid-free
grease (e.g. Vaseline).
Park motorcycle in a dry room
so that both wheels are unloaded.
Before putting the motorcycle into storage, have
the engine oil and the oil filter
element changed by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Combine work for storing/returning to use with maintenance service or an inspection.
Returning motorcycle
to use
Remove the protective wax
coating.
Clean the motorcycle.
Install a charged battery.
Before starting: Observe
checklist.
Technical data
Technical data
Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Riding specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
10
135
Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Electrical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Technical data
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
z
10
Technical data
136
z
Troubleshooting chart
Engine does not start at all or is very difficult to start
Possible cause
Remedy
Side stand
Retract side stand (
Gear engaged and clutch not operated
Place transmission in neutral or disengage clutch
( 72).
Clutch disengaged before ignition on
Switch on ignition first, then disengage clutch.
No fuel in tank
Refueling (
Battery drained
Charging connected battery (
72).
79).
126).
Threaded fasteners
Value
Valid
137
Front brake caliper on wheel
carrier
M8 x 32 - 10.9
22 lb/ft (30 Nm)
Clamping bolt in wheel carrier
M8 x 30
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Quick-release axle in threaded
bush
M24 x 1.5
37 lb/ft (50 Nm)
Rear wheel
Value
Muffler on passenger footrest
M8 x 30
16 lb/ft (22 Nm)
Muffler with ball-joint clamp on
manifold
M8 x 60
26 lb/ft (35 Nm)
Cover on muffler
M5 x 8
10
2 lb/ft (3 Nm)
Valid
Technical data
Front wheel
z
10
138
Rear wheel
Value
Tighten rear wheel on wheel
flange
M10 x 1.25 x 40
diagonally
Technical data
44 lb/ft (60 Nm)
z
Valid
Engine design
Transverse-mounted four-cylinder, four-stroke inline engine, angled 55° toward front. With four
valves per cylinder, actuated by two overhead
camshafts and trailing valve levers; liquid cooled,
electronic fuel injection, integrated six-speed cassette transmission, dry-sump lubrication
Displacement
1293 cc (1293 cm3)
Cylinder bore
3.1 in (80 mm)
Piston stroke
2.5 in (64.3 mm)
Compression ratio
13:1
175 hp (129 kW), - at engine speed: 9250 min-1
Rated output
with power reduction 79
kW OE
Torque
with power reduction 79 kW OE
107 hp (79 kW), - at engine speed: 9000 min-1
103 lb/ft (140 Nm), - at engine speed: 8250 min-1
87 lb/ft (118 Nm), At: 3750 min-1
Maximum engine speed
max 11000 min-1
Idle speed
1050±50 min-1
10
139
Technical data
Engine
z
10
Technical data
140
z
Fuel
Recommended fuel quality
98 ROZ/RON, Super Plus unleaded
95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded (fuel type can be
used with reduced performance and consumption)
Usable fuel quantity
Approx. 5 gal (Approx. 19 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
~1.1 gal (~4 l)
Engine oil
Engine oil, capacity
3.7 quarts (3.5 l), with filter change
0.5 quarts (0.5 l), Difference between Min and
Max
Engine oils, permissible viscosity classes and products
SAE 10W-40
~-4 °F (~-20 °C), Winter operation
Castrol GPS SAE 10W-40
~-4 °F (~-20 °C)
SAE 15W-40
~14 °F (~-10 °C)
Oil grades
Engine oils of the API classification SF or better. Engine oils of the ACEA classification A2 or
better. BMW Motorrad recommends not using
synthetic oils for the first 6000 miles (10000 km).
Ask your BMW Motorrad retailer for engine oils
suitable for your motorcycle.
Clutch
Clutch design
Multi-disk oil-bath clutch
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141
Transmission design
Claw-shifted 6-speed transmission integrated in
engine housing
Transmission gear ratios
1.559
2.294
1.789
1.458
1.240
1.094
0.971
1.045
(92:59
(39:17
(34:19
(35:24
(31:25
(35:32
(33:34
(23:22
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
Primary gear ratio
1st gear
2nd gear
3rd gear
4th gear
5th gear
6th gear
Angle drive
Technical data
Transmission
z
10
Technical data
142
z
Rear-wheel drive
Type of final drive
Shaft drive with bevel gears
Type of rear suspension
BMW EVO Paralever, single-arm light-alloy cast
swinging arm with two joints and torque support
Number of teeth on rear-wheel drive (gear ratio)
2.82 (31:11)
Running gear
Front wheel
Type of front suspension
Double leading link
Design of front suspension strut
Central spring strut with coil pressure spring and
single-tube gas-pressure shock absorber.
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA
II) OE
Spring travel, front
Central spring strut with single-tube gas-pressure
shock absorber and electric adjustable reboundstage damping.
4.9 in (125 mm), On wheel
Type of rear suspension
BMW EVO Paralever, single-arm light-alloy cast
swinging arm with two joints and torque support
Type of rear suspension
Lever-system-coupled central spring strut with
coil pressure spring and single-tube gas-filled
shock absorber. Spring preload with stepless hydraulic adjustment; rebound-stage damping with
stepless adjustment
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA
II) OE
Spring travel, rear
via lever-system-coupled central spring strut with
coil pressure spring and single-tube gas-filled
shock absorber, electric adjustable rebound-stage
damping and electrohydraulic adjustable spring
preload
5.3 in (135 mm), On wheel
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143
Technical data
Rear wheel
z
10
Technical data
144
Brakes
Type of front brake
hydraulically operated twin disk brake with 4-piston fixed calipers and floating brake disks
Brake-pad material, front
Sintered metal
Type of rear brake
Hydraulic disk brake with 2-piston floating caliper
and fixed brake disk
Brake-pad material, rear
Organic
Wheels and tires
Recommended tire combinations
z
You can obtain an overview of the current tire
approvals from your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer or on the Internet at www.bmw-motorrad.com.
Front wheel
Front wheel design
Cast aluminum, MT H2
Front-wheel rim size
3.50" x 17"
Front tire designation
120 / 70 ZR 17
Rear wheel
Rear wheel design
Cast aluminum, MT H2
Rear-wheel rim size
6.0" x 17"
Rear tire designation
190 / 55 ZR 17
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145
Tire pressure, front
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Single rider, with cold tire
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Driver with passenger and/or
load, with cold tire
Tire pressure, rear
42.1 psi (2.9 bar), Single rider, with cold tire
42.1 psi (2.9 bar), Driver with passenger and/or
load, with cold tire
Technical data
Tire inflation pressure
z
10
Technical data
146
z
Electrical system
Electrical rating of onboard socket
max 5 A
Fuses
All circuits are electronically protected, so plugin fuses are no longer necessary. If an electronic
fuse trips and de-energizes a circuit, the circuit is
active as soon as the ignition is switched on after
the fault has been rectified.
Battery
Battery manufacturer and designation
Yuasa YTX 14 BS
Battery design
AGM (Absorptive Glass Mat) battery.
Battery voltage
12 V
Battery capacity
14 Ah
Technical data
Spark plugs, manufacturer and designation
NGK KR9CI
Electrode gap of spark plug
0.03 in (0.8 mm), New
Bulbs
Bulb for high-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulbs for low-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulb for parking light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Bulb for taillight/brake light
LED / 12 V
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Maximum number of defective LEDs in taillight
1, Brake light/taillight (red)
1, License plate light (white)
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, front
W16W / 12 V / 16 W
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, rear
R10W / 12 V / 10 W
Frame
Frame design
Cast light allow - welded design with screwed-on
tubular steel rear frame
Location of type plate
On right wheel carrier
Location of vehicle identification number
Front right side frame section
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147
Technical data
Bulb of license plate light
z
10
Technical data
148
z
Dimensions
Motorcycle length
86.5 in (2196 mm)
Motorcycle height
48.1 in (1221 mm), Across windshield at DIN unladen weight
Motorcycle width
35.6 in (905 mm), Across mirrors
Driver's seat height
with low double
seat OE
Rider's inside-leg arc, heel to heel
with low double seat OE
32.3 in (820 mm), Without driver
31.1 in (790 mm), Without driver
71.3 in (1810 mm), Without driver
70.1 in (1780 mm), Without driver
Weights
Unladen weight
560 lbs (254 kg), DIN unladen weight, ready for
road, 90 % full tank of gas, without OE
Permissible gross weight
1014 lbs (460 kg)
Maximum payload
454 lbs (206 kg)
Top speed
>124 mph (>200 km/h)
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149
Technical data
Riding specifications
z
Technical data
10
150
z
Service
Service
Reporting safety defects . . . . . . . . . . . 152
BMW Motorrad Service . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
11
151
BMW Motorrad Service Card - Onthe-spot breakdown assistance . . . . 153
BMW Motorrad Service
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Confirmation of maintenance
work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Confirmation of service . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Service
BMW Motorrad Service Quality . . . . 153
z
11
Service
152
z
Reporting safety defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause
injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying BMW of North America, LLC.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.
However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your
dealer, or BMW of North America, LCC.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-3274236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590. You can also obtain
other information about motor vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
Advanced technology requires
specially adapted methods of
maintenance and repair.
If this maintenance and repair work is performed inexpertly, there is a danger of damage and associated safety risks.
BMW Motorrad recommends
having corresponding work on
your motorcycle carried out by a
specialized workshop, preferably
by an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
You can obtain information on
the contents of the BMW Services from your BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Have all maintenance and repair
work carried out confirmed in the
"Service" chapter in this manual.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer is supplied with all the
latest technical information and
therefore possesses the neces-
sary technical know-how. BMW
Motorrad recommends that you
refer any questions about your
motorcycle to your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
BMW Motorrad Service
Quality
BMW Motorrad means not only
quality workmanship and high
reliability, but also an outstanding
quality of service.
To ensure that your BMW is always in optimum condition, BMW
Motorrad recommends that you
adhere to the regular maintenance schedule for your motorcycle, preferably having the work
done by your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer. For generous
treatment of claims submitted
after the warranty period has expired, evidence of regular maintenance is essential.
Certain signs of wear, moreover,
may otherwise not be noticed
until it is too late to correct them
at moderate cost. The workshop
personnel at BMW Motorrad retailers have thorough knowledge
of your motorcycle and can take
action before minor problems can
turn into major trouble. By having
the necessary repairs done properly and in good time, you save
time and money in the long run.
BMW Motorrad Service
Card - On-the-spot
breakdown assistance
With all new BMW motorcycles, the BMW Motorrad Service
Card protects you in the event
of a breakdown with an extensive range of services such as
breakdown assistance, motorcycle transportation etc. (differing
regulations are possible in individual countries). In the case of a
breakdown, you contact the Mobile Service of BMW Motorrad.
Here you will find our specialists
11
153
Service
BMW Motorrad Service
z
11
Service
154
z
ready to help with both advice
and action.
Important country-specific contact addresses and the relevant
after-sales service organization
phone numbers as well as information on Mobile Service and
the retail network can be found
in the "Service Kontakt/Service
Contact" brochures.
BMW Motorrad Service
Network
With its worldwide service network, BMW Motorrad can attend
to you and your motorcycle in
over 100 countries around the
globe. In Germany alone, there
are approximately 200 authorized
BMW Motorrad retailers ready to
assist you.
All information concerning the international dealership network
can be found in the brochure
"Service Contact Europe" or
"Service Contact Africa, America, Asia, Australia, Oceania".
Maintenance work
BMW Pre-Delivery Check
The BMW pre-delivery check is
carried out by your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer before it
turns over the motorcycle to you.
BMW Running-in Check
The BMW running-in check has
to be performed when the motorcycle has covered between
300 miles (500 km) and 750
miles (1,200 km).
BMW Service
BMW Service is carried out once
a year. The scope of the services performed may be dependent on the vehicle owner and
the mileage driven. Your BMW
Motorrad retailer confirms that
the service has been performed
and enters the date for the next
service.
For drivers who drive long distances annually, it may be necessary to come in for service before
the entered date. In this case a
corresponding maximum odometer reading will also be entered in
the confirmation of service. If this
odometer reading is reached before the next service date, service
must be performed sooner.
The service display in the multifunction display reminds you of
the next service date approx. one
month or 600 miles (1,000 km)
before the entered values.
BMW Pre-Delivery
Check
BMW Running-in
Check
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
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155
Service
Confirmation of maintenance work
z
11
Service
156
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
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157
Service
BMW Service
z
11
Service
158
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
11
159
Service
BMW Service
z
11
160
Confirmation of service
The table is intended as proof of maintenance and repair work, the installed optional accessories and any
special campaign (recall) work carried out.
Service
Work carried out
z
Odometer
reading
Date
Odometer
reading
Date
11
161
Service
Work carried out
z
12
Index
162
z
A
Abbreviations and symbols, 6
ABS
Operating element, 14
Operation, 58
Self-diagnosis, 73
Technology in detail, 84
Warning indicators, 31
Anti-theft alarm
Indicator light, 17
Warning indicators, 41
ASC
Operating element, 14
Operation, 59
Self-diagnosis, 74
Switching off, 59
Switching on, 59
Technology in detail, 86
Warning indicator, 36
Warning indicators, 34
B
Battery
Charging connected
battery, 126
Charging disconnected
battery, 127
Closing battery
compartment, 129
Installing, 128
Location, 13
Opening battery
compartment, 128
Removing, 127
Technical data, 146
Warning for battery charge
current, 27
BMW Motorrad Service
Card, 153
Brake fluid
Checking fluid levels, 104
Front reservoir, 13
Rear reservoir, 13
Brake pads
Checking brake pad
thicknesses, 102
Running in, 75
Brakes
Adjusting brake lever, 61
Checking operation, 102
Safety instructions, 76
Technical data, 144
C
Case
Operation, 94
Checklist, 71
Clock, 20
Adjusting, 48
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever, 61
Checking fluid level, 106
Checking operation, 106
Fluid reservoir, 11
Technical data, 141
Confirmation of maintenance
work, 155
D
Damping
Adjusting, 63
Rear adjustment element, 11
Dimensions
Technical data, 148
E
Electrical system
Technical data, 146
Electronic immobilizer EWS
Warning indicator, 26
Emergency ON/OFF switch, 15,
57
Engine
Operating element, 15
Starting, 72
Technical data, 139
Temperature display, 20
Warning for engine
electronics, 26
Engine oil
Check level, 101
Fill level indicator, 13
Fill location, 16
Technical data, 140
Topping up, 102
Warning for engine oil level, 31
Warning for engine oil
pressure, 27
Equipment, 7
ESA
Operating element, 14
Operation, 63
Technology in detail, 89
F
Flat tire kit, 96
Frame
Technical data, 147
Front wheel stand
Mounting, 116
Fuel
Fill level indicator, 20
Fill location, 13
Refueling, 79
Technical data, 140
Warning for fuel down to
reserve, 26
Fuses, 146
12
163
G
Gear indicator, 20
H
Handlebar fittings
General view, left, 14
General view, right, 15
Hazard warning flashers
Operating element, 14
Operation, 56
Headlight
Adjusting for RHD/LHD
traffic, 66
Headlight range, 66
Headlight range adjustment, 11
Overview, 18
Heated hand grips, 60
Operating element, 15
Helmet holder, 16, 68
Index
Coolant
Temperature display, 20
Warning indicator, 26
Currentness of this manual, 7
z
12
Index
164
z
High-beam headlight
Indicator light, 20
Switching on, 55
Horn, 14
I
Idling
Indicator light, 20
Ignition
Switching off, 46
Switching on, 46
Immobilizer, 47
Warning indicator, 26
Indicator lights, 17
Overview, 20
Instrument cluster
Ambient brightness sensor, 17
Overview, 17
J
Jump-starting, 125
K
Keys, 46
L
Lamps
General instructions, 118
Headlight overview, 18
Replacing front turn indicator
bulbs, 122
Replacing high-beam bulb, 119
Replacing low-beam bulb, 119
Replacing parking light
bulb, 120
Replacing rear light, 124
Replacing rear turn indicator
bulbs, 123
Technical data, 146
Warning for bulb failure, 28
Lights
Headlight flasher, 14, 55
High-beam headlight, 14
Operating element, 14
Switch on low-beam
headlight, 55
Switching on high-beam
headlight, 55
Switching on parking lights, 56
Switching on side lights, 55
Luggage
Information on loading and
securing, 93
Luggage loops, 16, 68
M
Maintenance
General instructions, 100
Maintenance intervals, 154
Mirrors
Adjusting, 62
Motorcycle
Returning to use, 134
Storing, 134
Switching off, 77
Multifunction display, 17
Overview, 20
O
Odometer and tripmeters, 20
Operating element, 14
Operation, 49
Onboard computer
Ambient temperature, 52
Average consumption, 53
Average speed, 52
P
Parking light
Switching on, 56
Pre-ride check, 73
R
Rear-wheel drive
Technical data, 142
Rear-wheel stand
Mounting, 117
Refueling, 79
Reserve quantity
Warning indicator, 26
Residual range, 51
Returning to use, 134
Rider's Manual
Location, 16
Running gear
Technical data, 142
Running in, 74
S
Safety instructions
Brakes, 76
General information, 70
Seat
Installing, 67
Locking device, 11
Removing, 67
Service, 153
Service Card, 153
Service display, 20
Shifting gear
Gearshift assistant, 75
Shift reversal, 75
Side stand
For starting, 72
Spark plugs, 146
Speedometer, 17
Spring preload
Adjusting, 62
Rear adjustment element, 11
Starting, 72
Status indicators
Also see warning indicators, 20
Standard displays, 20
Warning indicators, 22
12
165
Index
Oil level indicator, 54
Operating element, 14
Operation, 51
Range, 53
Warning indicators, 29
Onboard socket, 11, 92
Onboard toolkit
Contents, 100
Location, 16
Overview of warning
indicators, 24, 30, 33, 35, 38,
42
Overviews
Headlight, 18
Instrument cluster, 17
Left side of motorcycle, 11
Left-hand handlebar fitting, 14
Multifunction display, 20
Right side of motorcycle, 13
Right-hand handlebar fitting, 15
Underneath seat, 16
z
12
Index
166
z
Steering lock
Locking, 47
Storing, 134
Switching off, 77
T
Tachometer, 17
Technical data
Battery, 146
Brakes, 144
Bulbs, 146
Clutch, 141
Dimensions, 148
Electrical system, 146
Engine, 139
Engine oil, 140
Frame, 147
Fuel, 140
Rear-wheel drive, 142
Running gear, 142
Spark plugs, 146
Standards, 7
Transmission, 141
Weights, 148
Wheels and tires, 144
Tire Pressure Control TPC/RDC
Operation, 54
Rim sticker, 108
Technology in detail, 87
Warning indicators, 36
Tires
Checking inflation pressure, 65
Checking tread depth, 107
Inflation pressure table, 16
Recommendation, 108
Running in, 75
Technical data, 144
Torques, 137
Transmission
For starting, 72
Technical data, 141
Transport
Lashing down, 80
Troubleshooting chart, 136
Turn indicators
Indicator light, 20
Operating element, 14
Operation, 56
Type plate, 13
V
Vehicle Identification Number, 13
W
Warning indicators, 22
Display, 22
With ABS, 31
With anti-theft alarm, 41
With ASC, 34
With onboard computer, 29
With TPC/RDC, 36
Warning lights, 17
Weights
Payload table, 16
Technical data, 148
Wheels
Checking rims, 107
Installing front wheel, 111
Installing rear wheel, 114
Removing front wheel, 109
Removing rear wheel, 113
Size change, 108
Technical data, 144