Operator`s manual | Bolens 452 Thru 465 Chipper User Manual

Safety • Assembly • Operation • Tips & Techniques • Maintenance • Troubleshooting • Parts Lists • Warranty
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
*Model 462 Shown
Chipper Shredder — Model Series 452 thru 465
IMPORTANT
READ SAFETY RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATION
Warning: This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brushcovered or grass-covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if any).
If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator. In the State of California the above is required by law
(Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code). Other states may have similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester
for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized service dealer or contact the service department, P.O. Box 361131 Cleveland,
Ohio 44136-0019.
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
MTD LLC, P.O. BOX 361131 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019
FORM NO. 770-10048I
7/20/2006
This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new chipper shredder. It will help you assemble, prepare and maintain the unit for best performance. Please read and understand what it says.
Table of Contents
Customer Support............................................... 2
Safety Labels....................................................... 3
Safe Operation Practices.................................... 4
Setting Up Your Chipper Shredder..................... 6
Operating Your Chipper Shredder.................... 10
Maintaining Your Chipper Shredder................. 12
Troubleshooting................................................. 14
Parts List............................................................ 16
Warranty..............................................Back Cover
Finding and Recording Model Number
BEFORE YOU START ASSEMBLING
YOUR NEW EQUIPMENT,
please locate the model plate on the equipment and copy
the information to the sample model plate provided to the
right. You can locate the model plate by standing behind the
unit and looking down at the frame below the engine. This
information will be necessary to use the manufacturer’s web
site and/or obtain assistance from the Customer Support
Department or an authorized service dealer.
Model Number
Serial Number
Customer Support
Please do NOT return the unit to the retailer from which it was
purchased, without first contacting Customer Support.
If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation, or maintenance of this
unit, you can seek help from the experts. Choose from the options below:
1. Visit mtdproducts.com. Click on Yard Machines and then the Customer Support menu option.
2.Phone a Customer Support Representative at 1 (800) 800-7310.
3.The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine-related issues with regards to performance, power-rating, specifications, warranty and service. Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s Owner’s/Operator’s Manual, packed separately with
your unit, for more information.
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This Operators Manual covers a range of product specifications for various models. Characteristics and features
discussed and/or illustrated in this manual may not be applicable to all models. MTD LLC reserves the right to
change product specifications, designs and equipment without notice and without incurring obligation.
1
Safety
Labels
WARNING
This symbol points
out important safety
instructions which, if
not followed, could
endanger the personal
safety and/or property
of yourself and others.
Read and follow all
instructions in this
manual before attempting to operate
this machine. Failure
to comply with these
instructions may result
in personal injury. When
you see this symbol.
HEED ITS WARNING!
Your Responsibility
Restrict the use
of this power machine
to persons who read,
understand
and follow the warnings
and instructions
in this manual
and on the machine.
2
Safe
Operation
Practices
WARNING
This symbol points
out important safety
instructions which, if
not followed, could
endanger the personal
safety and/or property
of yourself and others.
Read and follow all
instructions in this
manual before attempting to operate
this machine. Failure
to comply with these
instructions may result
in personal injury. When
you see this symbol.
WARNING: Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
DANGER: This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this
manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the operator can
result in serious injury. This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects.
Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
Training
Preparation
1. Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the machine and in the manual(s) before attempting to assemble
and operate. Keep this manual in a safe place for future
and regular reference and for ordering replacement parts.
2. Be familiar with all controls and their proper operation.
Know how to stop the machine and disengage them
quickly.
3. Never allow children under 16 years old to operate this
machine. Children 16 years old and over should read and
understand the operation instructions and safety rules in
this manual and should be trained and supervised by a
parent.
4. Never allow adults to operate this machine without proper
instruction.
5. Keep bystanders, helpers, pets, and children at least
75 feet from the machine while it is in operation. Stop
machine if anyone enters the area.
6. Never run an engine indoors or in a poorly ventilated area.
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless
and deadly gas.
7. Do not put hands and feet near rotating parts or in the
feeding chambers and discharge opening. Contact with
the rotating impeller can amputate fingers, hands, and
feet.
8. Never attempt to unclog either the feed intake or
discharge opening, remove or empty bag, or inspect and
repair the machine while the engine is running. Shut the
engine off and wait until all moving parts have come to a
complete stop. Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground
it against the engine.
1. Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to
be used. Remove all rocks, bottles, cans, or other foreign
objects which could be picked up or thrown and cause
personal injury or damage to the machine.
2. Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles during operation or while performing an adjustment or repair, to protect
eyes. Thrown objects which ricochet can cause serious
injury to the eyes.
3. Wear sturdy, rough-soled work shoes and close-fitting
slacks and shirts. Loose fitting clothes or jewelry can be
caught in movable parts. Never operate this machine
in bare feet or sandals. Wear leather work gloves when
feeding material in the chipper chute.
4. Before starting, check all bolts and screws for proper tightness to be sure the machine is in safe working condition.
Also, visually inspect machine for any damage at frequent
intervals.
5. Maintain or replace safety and instructions labels, as
necessary.
6. To avoid personal injury or property damage use extreme
care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable
and the vapors are explosive. Serious personal injury can
occur when gasoline is spilled on yourself or your clothes
which can ignite. Wash your skin and change clothes
immediately.
a. Use only an approved gasoline container.
b. Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
sources of ignition.
c. Never fuel machine indoors.
d. Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the engine is hot
or running.
e. Allow engine to cool at least two minutes before refueling.
f. Never over fill fuel tank. Fill tank to no more than 1/2
inch below bottom of filler neck to provide space for fuel
expansion.
g. Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.
h. If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine and equipment. Move machine to another area. Wait 5 minutes
before starting the engine.
i. Never store the machine or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light (e.g. furnace,
water heater, space heater, clothes dryer, etc.)
j. To reduce a fire hazard, keep machine free of grass,
leaves, or other debris build-up. Clean up oil or fuel
spillage and remove any fuel soaked debris.
k. Allow machine to cool at least 5 minutes before storing.
HEED ITS WARNING!
Your Responsibility
Restrict the use
of this power machine
to persons who read,
understand
and follow the warnings
and instructions
in this manual
and on the machine.
Operation
Maintenance & Storage
1. Do not put hands and feet near rotating parts or in the
feeding chambers and discharge opening. Contact with the
rotating impeller can amputate fingers, hands, and feet.
2. Before starting the machine, make sure the chipper chute,
feed intake, and cutting chamber are empty and free of all
debris.
3. Thoroughly inspect all material to be shredded and remove
any metal, rocks, bottles, cans, or other foreign objects
which could cause personal injury or damage to the
machine.
4. f it becomes necessary to push material through the
shredder hopper, use a small diameter stick. Do not use
your hands or feet.
5. f the impeller strikes a foreign object or if your machine
should start making an unusual noise or vibration,
immediately shut the engine off. Allow the impeller to come
to a complete stop. Disconnect the spark plug wire, ground
it against the engine and perform the following steps:
a. Inspect for damage.
b. Repair or replace any damaged parts.
c. Check for any loose parts and tighten to assure
continued safe operation.
6. Do not allow an accumulation of processed material to build
up in the discharge area. This can prevent proper discharge
and result in kickback of material through the feed opening.
7. Do not attempt to shred or chip material larger than
specified on the machine or in this manual. Personal injury
or machine damage could result.
8. Never attempt to unclog either the feed intake or discharge
opening while the engine is running. Shut the engine off,
wait until all moving parts have stopped, disconnect the
spark plug wire and ground it against the engine before
clearing debris.
9. Never operate without the shredder hopper, chipper chute,
or chute deflector properly attached to the machine. Never
empty or change discharge bag while the engine is running.
10.Keep all guards, deflectors and safety devices in place and
operating properly.
11.Keep your face and body back and to the side of the chipper
chute while feeding material into the machine to avoid
accidental kickback injuries.
12.Never operate this machine without good visibility or light.
13.Do not operate this machine on a paved, gravel or non-level
surface.
14.Do not operate this machine while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
15.Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a burn. Do
not touch.
16.Never pick up or carry machine while the engine is running.
1. Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
2. Check bolts and screws for proper tightness at frequent
intervals to keep the machine in safe working condition.
Also, visually inspect machine for any damage and repair, if
needed.
3. Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, stop the engine
and make certain the impeller and all moving parts have
stopped. Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground it
against the engine to prevent unintended starting.
4. Do not change the engine governor settings or overspeed
the engine. The governor controls the maximum safe
operating speed of the engine.
5. Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as necessary.
6. Follow this manual for safe loading, unloading, transporting,
and storage of this machine.
7. Never store the machine or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame, spark or pilot light such as a water
heater, furnace, clothes dryer, etc.
8. Always refer to the operator’s manual for proper instructions
on off-season storage.
9. If the fuel tank has to be drained, do this outdoors.
10.Observe proper disposal laws and regulations for gas, oil,
etc. to protect the environment.
Do not modify engine
To avoid serious injury or death, do not modify engine in any
way. Tampering with the governor setting can lead to a runaway
engine and cause it to operate at unsafe speeds. Never tamper
with factory setting of engine governor.
Notice regarding Emissions
Engines which are certified to comply with California and federal
EPA emission regulations for SORE (Small Off Road Equipment)
are certified to operate on regular unleaded gasoline, and may
include the following emission control systems: Engine Modification (EM) and Three Way Catalyst (TWC) if so equipped.
Your Responsibility
Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read, understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this manual
and on the machine.
2
Safe
Operation
Practices
WARNING
This symbol points
out important safety
instructions, which if
not followed, could
endanger the personal
safety and/or property
of yourself and others.
Read and follow all
instructions in this manual before attempting to
operate this machine.
Failure to comply with
these instructions may
result in personal injury.
When you see this
symbol.
HEED IT’S WARNING!
Your Responsibility
Restrict the use
of this power machine
to persons who read,
understand
and follow the warnings
and instructions
in this manual
and on the machine.
3
IMPORTANT: This unit is shipped without gasoline or oil
in the engine. Be certain to service engine with gasoline
and oil as instructed in the separate engine manual
before operating your machine.
A
Loose Parts In Carton
Setting Up
Your Chipper
Shredder
b. Chute Deflector
e. Safety Glasses
c. Chipper Chute
f. Engine Oil
1. a.Remove six hex nuts and washers from the weld
studs on the impeller housing. Do not remove the
support plate. See Figure 3-1.
b. Place hopper assembly into position in front of
impeller housing, aligning holes in hopper assembly
collar with weld studs.
c. Slide hopper assembly onto weld studs and replace
washers and hex nuts. Do not tighten completely.
2. a.Lift hopper assembly up to impeller bracket
assembly.
b. Slide the release rod out slightly to hook the hopper
bracket onto the rod. See Figure 3-2.
c. Tighten the six hex nuts that secure hopper
assembly to impeller housing and also tighten the
hex nuts that secure hopper bracket to hopper
assembly.
C
Figure 3-1
A
B
NOTE: All references
in this manual to the
left or right side of
the chipper shredder
is from the operating
position only. Exceptions, if any, will be
specified.
NOTE: This Operators
Manual covers a range
of product specifications for various
models. Characteristics
and features discussed
and/or illustrated in this
manual may not be applicable to all models.
MTD LLC reserves the
right to change product
specifications, designs
and equipment without
notice and without
incurring obligation.
d. Bag
Attaching The Hopper
Assembly
B
IMPORTANT
This unit is shipped
without gasoline or
oil in the engine. Be
certain to service
engine with gasoline
and oil as instructed
in the separate engine
manual before operating your machine.
a. Hopper Assembly
Figure 3-2
B
A
B
A
Figure 3-3
3
Attaching The Chute Deflector
3. a.Remove the wing knobs from each side of the lower
impeller housing.
b. Remove the hex lock nut, spacers, and hex bolt from
the top of the impeller housing. See Figure 3-3.
4. a.Align the chute deflector in position on the
discharge opening and insert hex bolt with spacer
through hinge on chute deflector (spacers fit inside
of hinges). See Figure 3-4.
b.Place second spacer over hex bolt inside other
hinge and secure with hex lock nut.
c. Secure both sides of chute deflector to impeller
housing using wing knobs previously removed.
B
A
Setting Up
Your Chipper
Shredder
C
Attaching The Chipper Chute
(Model Series 460)
5. a.Remove the three cupped washers and hex nuts
from weld studs around the opening on the side of
the impeller housing. See Figure 3-5.
b.Remove the hex bolts, flat washers, and lock nuts
from the two holes on the upper end of the support
brace.
6. a.Align the chipper chute over the weld studs, so the
slot in the bottom of the chute is facing down.
b.Secure chipper chute with the three cupped
washers (cupped side against the chipper chute)
and hex nuts previously removed. Do not tighten
the nuts at this time. See Figure 3-6.
IMPORTANT
This unit is shipped
without gasoline or
oil in the engine. Be
certain to service
engine with gasoline
and oil as instructed
in the separate engine
manual before operating your machine.
Figure 3-4
B
A
NOTE: All references
in this manual to the
left or right side of
the chipper shredder
is from the operating
position only. Exceptions, if any, will be
specified.
Fgure 3-5
A
B
Figure 3-6
NOTE: This Operators
Manual covers a range
of product specifications for various
models. Characteristics
and features discussed
and/or illustrated in this
manual may not be applicable to all models.
MTD LLC reserves the
right to change product
specifications, designs
and equipment without
notice and without
incurring obligation.
3
7. The chipper shredder was shipped with one end of
the support brace already secured to the lower frame.
Loosen but do not remove the bolts securing the brace
to the frame. See Figure 3-7.
a.Align the holes in the chute with the holes in the top
of the brace and attach brace to chipper chute with
hardware previously removed. Tighten securely.
b. Tighten the bolts securing the support brace to the
frame.
c. Tighten the three nuts on the weld studs holding
the chipper chute to the impeller housing.
A
Setting Up
Your Chipper
Shredder
B
IMPORTANT
This unit is shipped
without gasoline or
oil in the engine. Be
certain to service
engine with gasoline
and oil as instructed
in the separate engine
manual before operating your machine.
NOTE: All references
in this manual to the
left or right side of
the chipper shredder
is from the operating
position only. Exceptions, if any, will be
specified.
Attaching The Chipper Chute
(Model Series 450)
C
8. a.Remove the three cupped washers and hex nuts
from weld studs around the opening on the side of
the impeller housing. See Figure 3-8.
Figure 3-7
Figure 3-8
NOTE: This Operators
Manual covers a range
of product specifications for various
models. Characteristics
and features discussed
and/or illustrated in this
manual may not be applicable to all models.
MTD LLC reserves the
right to change product
specifications, designs
and equipment without
notice and without
incurring obligation.
3
9. a.Align the chipper chute over the weld studs, so the
slot in the bottom of the chute is facing down.
b.Secure chipper chute with the three cupped
washers (cupped side against the chipper chute)
and hex nuts previously removed. Tighten the nuts
at this time. See Figure 3-9.
Attaching The Bag
Setting Up
Your Chipper
Shredder
10.To attach the bag:
a.Place the opening of the bag completely over the
chute deflector.
b.Pull on the drawstring until the bag is tight around
chute deflector opening.
c. Clip drawstring back on itself, tight against chute
deflector to secure into position. See Figure 3-10.
Figure 3-9
B
C
A
Figure 3-10
IMPORTANT
This unit is shipped
without gasoline or
oil in the engine. Be
certain to service
engine with gasoline
and oil as instructed
in the separate engine
manual before operating your machine.
NOTE: All references
in this manual to the
left or right side of
the chipper shredder
is from the operating
position only. Exceptions, if any, will be
specified.
NOTE: This Operators
Manual covers a range
of product specifications for various
models. Characteristics
and features discussed
and/or illustrated in this
manual may not be applicable to all models.
MTD LLC reserves the
right to change product
specifications, designs
and equipment without
notice and without
incurring obligation.
4
Know Your Chipper Shredder
Hopper Assembly
Operating
Your Chipper
Shredder
Release Rod
Oil Fill†
Chipper Chute
WARNING
The operation of any
chipper shredder
can result in foreign
objects being thrown
into the eyes, which
can damage your
eyes severely. Always
wear the safety
glasses provided
with this unit or eye
shields before chipping or shredding
and while performing
any adjustments or
repairs.
Use extreme care
when handling
gasoline. Gasoline is
extremely flammable
and the vapors are
explosive. Never fuel
the machine indoors
or while the engine
is hot or running.
Extinguish cigarettes,
cigars, pipes and
other sources of
ignition.
Oil Fill
Tow Bar†
† If Equipped
*Model 462 Shown with Optional Tow Bar (Not Included)
Figure 4-1
Now that you have set up your chipper shredder for
operation, get aquainted with its controls and features.
These are described below and illustrated on this page.
This knowledge will allow you to use your new equipment to its fullest potential.
Chipper Chute
Allows twigs and small branches up to 3” (2” for Model
Series 450) in diameter to be fed into the impeller for
chipping. See Figure 4-1.
Gas and Oil Fill-Up
1. Check oil level and add oil if necessary. Follow engine
manual for this. See Figure 4-1 above for location of
the oil fill.
2. Service the engine with gasoline as instructed in the
engine manual. See Figure 4-1 above for location of
gas fill.
WARNING: Use extreme care when handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely
flammable and the vapors are explosive.
Never fuel the machine indoors or while
the engine is hot or running. Extinguish
cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other
sources of ignition.
Hopper Assembly
Allow leaves and small branches up to 1/2 diameter
to be fed into the impeller for chipping and shredding.
Material can be raked into hopper assembly by lowering
the hopper assembly. See Figure 4-1.
Release Rod
WARNING: The operation of any
chipper shredder can result in foreign
objects being thrown into the eyes,
which can damage your eyes severely. Always wear the safety glasses
provided with this unit or eye shields
before chipping or shredding and while
performing any adjustments or repairs.
The release rod is located on the impeller bracket
assembly and it is used to release or lock the hopper
when raising or lowering. See Figure 4-1.
Tow Bar (If Equipped)
Use the tow bar to tow the chipper shredder behind a
tractor to a job site. See Figure 4-1.
NOTE: If your unit is not equipped with a tow bar, you
may contact Customer Support as instructed on page 2
for information regarding price and availability.
10
This Operators Manual covers a range of product
specifications for various models. Characteristics and features discussed and/or illustrated in this manual may not
be applicable to all models. MTD LLC reserves the right
to change product specifications, designs and equipment
without notice and without incurring obligation.
4
STOP
Starting Engine
WARNING: Never run the engine
indoors or in a poorly ventilated area.
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless and deadly gas.
IMPORTANT: Because this manual covers several
different model units, different starting instructions may
apply to your particular engine. Some engines may have
a fuel petcock, some may not. Some engines may have
On/Off switches, other may not. Some units will utilize a
choke system, while others will require priming. These
factors depend on what make and model engine comes
with your particular unit. For these reasons, please refer
to the engine operator’s manual for the correct starting
procedure.
Figure 4-2
Stopping Engine
1. Move throttle control lever to STOP or OFF position.
2. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and
ground against the engine.
NOTE: See your engine manual packed with your unit
for more detailed instructions.
Using The Chipper Shredder
Move choke lever on engine to CHOKE position. (A
warm engine may not require choking).
Yard waste such as leaves and pine needles can be
raked up through the hopper assembly for shredding.
After material has been shredded by the flail blades
on the impeller assembly, it will be discharged out of
opening or into catcher bag. Do not attempt to shred
or chip any material other than vegetation found in a
normal yard (i.e. branches, leaves, twigs, etc.) Avoid
fibrous plants such as tomato vines until they are
thoroughly dried out. Twigs and small branches up to 3”
(2” for Model Series 450) in diameter can be fed into
the chipper chute.
Engines with primer:
Lowering The Hopper Assembly
1. Attach spark plug wire to spark plug. Make certain
the metal cap on the end of the spark plug is fastened
securely over the metal tip on the spark plug.
2. Engines with choke lever:
Prime engine as instructed in separate engine manual. 1. With one hand grasp the handle at the top of the
hopper assembly and lift slightly.
3. The throttle control lever is located on the engine.
Move engine throttle control lever to FAST or START
2. With the other hand pull out on the release rod
position. See Figure 4-2.
and lower the hopper assembly to the ground. See
Figure 4-1.
4. Grasp starter handle and pull rope out slowly until
engine reaches start of compression cycle (rope will
To Empty Bag
pull slightly harder at this point).
1. Un-clip drawstring and loosen bag from chute
deflector opening.
NOTE: A noise will be heard when finding the start of
the compression cycle. This noise is caused by the flails
2. Empty bag and reattach to the discharge chute
and fingers, which are part of the shredding mechanism,
opening. Pull on the drawstring until the bag is tight
and it should be expected until the impeller reaches full
around the chute opening and clip the drawstring
speed.
tight against the chute deflector.
5. Pull rope with a rapid, continuous, full arm stroke.
Keep a firm grip on starter handle. Let rope rewind
slowly.
6. Repeat the previous steps until engine fires. When
engine starts, move choke control (if equipped)
gradually to RUN position.
Operating
Your Chipper
Shredder
IMPORTANT: The flail screen is located inside the
housing in the discharge area. If the flail screen
becomes clogged, remove and clean as instructed in
SECTION 5: MAINTAINING YOUR CHIPPER SHREDDER. For best performance, it is also important to keep
the chipper blade sharp.
11
WARNING
Never run the engine
indoors or in a poorly
ventilated area. Engine
exhaust contains
carbon monoxide, an
odorless and deadly
gas.
NOTE: A noise will be
heard when finding the start
of the compression cycle.
This noise is caused by
the flails and fingers, which
are part of the shredding
mechanism, and it should
be expected until the impeller reaches full speed.
5
Maintaining
Your Chipper
Shredder
Lubrication
1. Lubricate the release rod and spring with light oil once
a season. See Figure 5-1.
Lubricate these
points before
reassembly.
2. Lubricate the pivot points on the hopper assembly with
light oil once a season. See Figure 5-1.
3. Lubricate the pivot points on the discharge chute with
light oil once a season. See Figure 5-1.
4. Follow the accompanying engine manual for lubrication schedule and instruction for engine lubrication.
Engine Care
1. Maintain oil level as instructed in engine manual.
*Model 462 Shown
Figure 5-1
WARNING
Always stop engine,
disconnect spark
plug, and ground
against engine
before cleaning,
lubricating or
doing any kind of
maintenance on your
machine.
2. Service air cleaner every 25 hours under normal
conditions. Clean every few hours under extremely
dusty conditions. Refer to engine manual.
3. Clean spark plug and reset the gap once a season.
Check engine manual for correct plug type and gap
specifications.
4. Clean engine regularly with a cloth or brush. Keep the
cooling system (blower housing area) clean to permit
proper air circulation. Remove all grass, dirt and
combustible debris from muffler area.
B
Removing The Flail Screen
C
A
D
*Model 462 Shown
Figure 5-2
General Recommendations
1. Always observe safety rules when performing
any maintenance.
2. The warranty on this chipper shredder does not
cover items that have been subjected to operator
abuse or negligence. To receive full value from warranty, operator must maintain the chipper shredder
as instructed here.
3. Changing of engine-governed speed will void
engine warranty.
4. All adjustments should be checked at least once
each season.
5. Periodically check all fasteners and make sure these
are tight.
WARNING: Always stop engine,
disconnect spark plug, and ground
against engine before cleaning,
lubricating or doing any kind of
maintenance on your machine.
If the discharge area becomes clogged, remove the flail
screen and clean area as follows:
1. Stop the engine and make certain the chipper shredder has come to a complete stop.
2. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and
ground against the engine.
3. a.Remove the bag and two wing knobs on each side
of the chute deflector. See Figure 5-2.
b. Lift the chute deflector up to keep it out of the way.
c. Remove the two hairpin clips from each clevis pin
which extend through the housing and remove pins.
d.Remove the flail screen from inside the housing
and clean the screen by scraping or washing with
water. See Figure 5-2.
4. Reinstall the screen, making certain to reassemble the
flail screen with the curve side down.
5. Reattach the chute deflector with the hardware
previously removed and connect the bag to unit.
Sharpening Or Replacing Chipper
Blades
1. Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground against the
engine.
2. Remove the flail screen as instructed in the previous
section.
3. Remove the chipper chute by removing three hex nuts
and washers.
4. Remove the chipper chute support brace (Model
Series 460) from the frame by removing the hex bolts.
5. Rotate impeller assembly by hand until you locate one
of two chipper blades in the chipper chute opening.
12
5
6. Remove the blade by removing the internal hex
screws, lock washers, and hex nuts which secure it to
the impeller. Retain the hardware. See Figure 5-3.
NOTE: Use a 3/16” hex key (Allen) wrench on the outside
of the blade and a 1/2” box (or socket) wrench on the
inside of the impeller. Hold the Allen wrench stationary
and rotate the box (or socket) wrench to loosen the nut.
Maintaining
Your Chipper
Shredder
7. Install a replacement blade (Part No. 781-0490) with
the hardware removed earlier or sharpen.
IMPORTANT: When sharpening the blade, protect hands
by using gloves. Follow the original angle of grind and
make sure to remove an equal amount from each blade.
Figure 5-3
8. To replace the other blade, rotate the impeller to
expose the second blade and repeat the steps above.
NOTE: Make certain blades are reassembled with the
sharp edge facing upward. Torque hardware to 250 - 300
in. lbs.
WARNING
Sharpening Or Replacing The Shredder Blade
A
WARNING: The impeller’s chipper blades
are sharp. Wear leather work gloves to
protect your hands.
B
A
1. Stop the engine and make certain that all moving
parts have come to a complete stop.
Figure 5-4
2. Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground against the NOTE: Use a 3/16” hex key (Allen) wrench on the
outside of the shredder blade and a 1/2” box (or socket)
engine.
wrench on the inside of the shredder blade. Hold the
3. Lower the hopper assembly and block up the housing. Allen wrench stationary and rotate the box (or socket)
4. Remove the six hex lock nuts and flat washers
wrench to loosen the nut. Use caution when removing
from the weld studs on the flail housing. Retain the
the blade to avoid contacting the weld studs on housing.
hardware.
IMPORTANT: When sharpening the blade, follow
5. Carefully separate the hopper assembly from the
the original angle of grind as a guide. It is extremely
impeller assembly and remove the support plate.
important that each cutting edge receives an equal
amount of grinding to prevent an unbalanced blade.
NOTE: When reassembling the support plate, make
An unbalanced blade will cause excessive vibration
certain the embossed tab faces inward towards the
when rotating at high speeds and may cause damage
impeller.
to the unit. The blade can be tested by balancing it on a
6. Remove the two wing knobs and cupped washers that
screwdriver or nail. Remove metal from the heavy side
secure the chute deflector and raise the chute.
until it is balanced evenly.
7. Insert a 1/2” or 3/4” diameter pipe through the flail
screen into the impeller to keep it from turning or
Storing Your Chipper Shredder
remove the flail screen and insert a piece of wood into The following steps should be taken to prepare your
the chute opening.
chipper shredder for storage.
8. a.Remove the two internal hex screws, lock washers, 1. Clean the equipment thoroughly.
and hex lock nuts which secure the shredder blade
to the impeller.
b.Remove the hex bolt, lock washer, and flat washer
to completely free shredder blade. See Figure 5-4.
2. Wipe equipment with an oiled rag to prevent rust.
3. Refer to engine manual for correct engine storage
instructions.
4. Store unit in a clean, dry area. Do not store next to
corrosive materials such as fertilizer.
13
The impeller’s
chipper blades and
shredder blade are
sharp. Wear leather
work gloves to
protect your hands.
IMPORTANT
Make certain chipper
blades are reassembled with the sharp
edge facing upward.
Torque hardware to
250 - 300 in. lbs.
IMPORTANT
When reassembling the
shredder blade, tighten
center bolt to between
550 and 700 in.-lbs.
and the two out bolts to
between 250 and 350
in.-lbs.
6
Problem
Engine fails to start
Trouble
Shooting
Engine runs erratic
For repairs beyond
the minor adjustments
listed here, contact
an authorized service
dealer.
Engine overheats
Occasional skips
(hesitates) at
high speed
Excessive
Vibration
Unit does not
discharge
Rate of discharge
slows considerably
or composition of
discharged material
changes
Cause
Remedy
1. Throttle lever not in correct starting
position (if equipped).
1. Move throttle lever to FAST or
START position.
2. Spark plug wire disconnected.
2. Connect wire to spark plug.
3. Choke not in CHOKE position (if
equipped).
3. Move choke lever to CHOKE
position.
4. Fuel tank empty or stale fuel.
4. Fill tank with clean, fresh gasoline.
5. Engine not primed (if equipped).
5. Prime engine as instructed in
Engine Manual.
6. Faulty spark plug.
6. Clean, adjust gap, or replace.
7. Blocked fuel line.
7. Clean fuel line.
8. Engine flooded.
8. Wait a few minutes to restart, but
do not prime.
1. Spark plug wire loose.
1. Connect and tighten spark
plug wire.
2. Unit running on CHOKE (if equipped).
2. Move choke lever to OFF position.
3. Blocked fuel line or stale fuel.
3. Clean fuel line; fill tank with clean,
fresh gasoline.
4. Vent in gas cap plugged.
4. Clear vent.
5. Water or dirt in fuel system.
5. Drain fuel tank. Refill with
fresh fuel.
6. Dirty air cleaner.
6. Refer to engine manual.
7. Carburetor out of adjustment.
7. See authorized service dealer.
1. Engine oil level low.
1. Fill crankcase with proper oil.
2. Dirty air cleaner.
2. Refer to engine manual.
3. Carburetor not adjusted properly.
3. See authorized service dealer.
1. Spark plug gap too close.
1. Adjust gap to .030”.
2. Carburetor idle mixture adjustment
improperly set.
2. See authorized service dealer.
1. Loose parts or damaged impeller.
1. See authorized service dealer.
1. Chute deflector clogged.
1. Stop engine immediately and
disconnect spark plug wire. Clean
flail screen and inside of discharge
opening.
2. Foreign object lodged in impeller.
2. Stop engine and disconnect spark
plug wire. Remove lodged object.
3. Low engine RPM.
3. Always run engine at full throttle.
1. Low engine RPM.
1. Always run engine at full throttle.
2. Chipper blade dull.
2. Replace chipper blade or see your
authorized service dealer.
14
NOTES
Use this page to make notes and write down important information.
15
Model Series 452 Thru 465
9
8
4
2
2
10
7
3
6
12
10
20
19
17
22 21
14
11
7
8
16
23
27
25
1
23
5
16
13
15
11
18
24
13
11
18
26
35
34
38
34
33
32
38
36
40
30
31
41
34
38
39
29
34
43
42
34
28
16
37
34
35
35
38
Ref.
No.
Part No.
Description
1.
736-0217
Lock Washer, 3/8
2.
714-0149B
Cotter Pin
3.
681-0048
Wing Knob 5/16-18
4.
681-0094
Chute Deflector Assembly
5.
711-0835
Clevis Pin
6.
781-0457
Shredder Screen
7.
726-0211
U-Nut 5/16-18
8.
750-0793
Spacer
9.
712-3027
Hex Lock Nut 1/4-20
10.
712-3004A
Hex Lock Nut 5/16-18
11.
736-0119
Lock Washer 5/16
12.
681-0117
Inner Impeller Housing Assembly
13.
710-3025
Hex Cap Screw 5/16-18 x.625
14.
710-0157
Hex Cap Screw 5/16-24 x.75
15.
781-0490
Chipper Blade
16.
710-1054
Hex Cap Screw 5/16-24 x 1.0
17.
681-0030
Impeller Assembly
18.
712-0411
Hex Lock Nut 5/16-24
19.
781-0735
Retainer Pin Clip
20.
719-0329
Flail Blade
21.
711-0833B
Clevis Pin
22.
715-0166
Pin
23.
736-0247
Flat Washer 3/8 x 1.25
24.
742-0571
Shredder Blade
25.
710-1254
Hex Cap Screw 3/8-24 x 2.25
26.
681-0004A
Outer Impeller Housing Assembly
27.
710-0825
Hex Cap Screw 1/4-20 x 3.75
28.
781-0515
Front Support Bracket
29.
781-0574
Shredder Plate
30.
681-0104
Rear Hopper Bracket Assembly
31.
732-0306
Compression Spring 1.75
32.
736-0117
Flat Washer
33.
714-0104
Cotter Pin
34.
736-0264
Flat Washer.330 ID x.630 OD
35.
710-0376
Hex Cap Screw 5/16-18 x 1.0
36.
748-0453
Spacer,.375 ID x 2.50 LG
37.
736-0362
Flat Washer.320 ID x 1.25 OD
38.
712-0429
Hex Lock Nut 5/16-18
39.
731-1710A
Hopper Collar
40.
681-0123
Front Hopper Bracket Assembly
41.
711-1128
Lock Rod
42.
731-1707
Hopper Assembly
43.
710-3008
Hex Cap Screw 5/16-18 x.75
17
7
Parts List
To order replacement parts, contact
1-800-800-7310 or visit
www.mtdproducts.com
NOTE: This Operators
Manual covers a range
of product specifications for various
models. Characteristics
and features discussed
and/or illustrated in this
manual may not be applicable to all models.
MTD LLC reserves the
right to change product
specifications, designs
and equipment without
notice and without
incurring obligation.
Model Series 452 Thru 465
25
26
24
13
1
3
10
4
6
2
8
31*
7
9
33*
12
6
8
9
22
27*
30*
7
21
5
29*
7
10
35*
34*
28*
32*
33*
11
15
23
14
20
† łł Model Series 454 & 464
‡ ł Model Series 452 & 462
* If Equipped
18
Ref.
No.
Part No.
7
Description
1.
728-0175
Pop Rivet
2.
731-1899
Chipper Shredder Chute
681-0095 ł łł
Chipper Shredder Chute
3.
735-0249
Chute Flap
4.
781-0633
Chute Flap Strip
5.
681-0068A
Chipper Chute Assembly
6.
710-0751
Hex Cap Screw 1/4 -20 x.620
7.
712-3027
Hex Lock Nut 1/4-20
8.
710-0106
Hex Cap Screw 1/4-20 x 1.25
9.
736-0173
Flat Washer.28 ID x.74 OD
10.
736-0242
Bell Washer.340 ID x.872 OD
11.
712-3010
Hex Nut 5/16-18
12.
749-1004
Support Brace
13.
712-3004A
Hex Lock Nut 5/16-18
14.
710-0805 î ł
Hex Cap Screw 5/16-18 x 1.50
710-3180††
Hex Cap Screw 5/16-18 x 1.75
15.
736-0170
Bell Washer 5/16 x 1.0
16.
736-0366† łł
Flat Washer
17.
738-0814‡ ł
Axle Assembly
738-0813† łł
Axle Assembly
18.
750-0786‡ ł
Spacer
19.
734-1600‡ ł
Wheel Comp., 10.0 x 2.5 Plastic
734-1845† łł
Wheel Complete, 10.0 x 4.0 Gray
20.
726-0214
Push Cap
21.
681-0184A î ł łł
Frame
681-0183A††
Frame
22.
736-0451
Washer,.320 ID x.93 OD
23.
710-0502A
Screw, 3/8-16 x 1.250
24.
737-0195^ ł łł
Elbow Fitting
25.
737-0298††
Oil Drain Pipe
26.
737-0132††
Oil Drain End Cap
27.
681-0133*
Tongue Hitch Mount
28.
681-0134A*
Base Hitch Mount
29.
710-3001*
Hex Cap Screw, 3/8-16 x.88
30.
711-0299*
Clevis Pin,.625 x 2.4
31.
711-0835*
Clevis Pin,.50 x 4.62
32.
712-3017*
Hex Nut, 3/8-16
33.
732-0194*
Spring Pin
34.
736-0133*
Flat Washer,.411 x 1.25 x 1.0
35.
736-0169*
Lock Washer, 3/8
—
723-0400
Safety Glasses (Not Shown)
—
664-04022
Chipper Bag Ass’y (Not Shown)
—
664-04023†† î
Chipper Bag Ass’y (Not Shown)
19
Parts List
To order replacement parts, contact
1-800-800-7310 or visit
www.mtdproducts.com
† Model Series 464
†† Model 464G Only
‡ Model Series 462
ł Models 452
łł Models 454
^ Models 462 & 464D
* If Equipped
î Models 465
NOTE: This Operators
Manual covers a range
of product specifications for various
models. Characteristics
and features discussed
and/or illustrated in this
manual may not be applicable to all models.
MTD LLC reserves the
right to change product
specifications, designs
and equipment without
notice and without
incurring obligation.
MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR
The limited warranty set forth below is given by MTD LLC with respect
to new merchandise purchased and used in the United States, its
possessions and territories.
“MTD” warrants this product against defects in material and workmanship for a period of two (2) years commencing on the date of original
purchase and will, at its option, repair or replace, free of charge, any
part found to be defective in materials or workmanship. This limited warranty shall only apply if this product has been operated and maintained
in accordance with the Operator’s Manual furnished with the product,
and has not been subject to misuse, abuse, commercial use, neglect,
accident, improper maintenance, alteration, vandalism, theft, fire, water,
or damage because of other peril or natural disaster. Damage resulting
from the installation or use of any part, accessory or attachment not
approved by MTD for use with the product(s) covered by this manual
will void your warranty as to any resulting damage.
Normal wear parts are warranted to be free from defects in material and
workmanship for a period of thirty (30) days from the date of purchase.
Normal wear parts include, but are not limited to items such as: batteries, belts, blades, blade adapters, grass bags, rider deck wheels, seats,
snow thrower skid shoes, shave plates, auger spiral rubber and tires.
HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE: Warranty service is available, WITH
PROOF OF PURCHASE, through your local authorized service
dealer. To locate the dealer in your area, check your Yellow Pages,
or contact MTD LLC at P.O. Box 361131, Cleveland, Ohio 441360019, or call 1-800-800-7310 or 1-330-220-4683 or log on to our
Web site at www.mtdproducts.com.
This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the following cases:
a. The engine or component parts thereof. These items may carry a
separate manufacturer’s warranty. Refer to applicable manufacturer’s
warranty for terms and conditions.
b. Log splitter pumps, valves, and cylinders have a separate one year
warranty.
c. Routine maintenance items such as lubricants, filters, blade
sharpening, tune-ups, brake adjustments, clutch adjustments, deck
adjustments, and normal deterioration of the exterior finish due to
use or exposure.
e. MTD does not extend any warranty for products sold or exported
outside of the United States, its possessions and territories, except
those sold through MTD’s authorized channels of export distribution.
f. Replacement parts that are not genuine MTD parts.
g. Transportation charges and service calls.
No implied warranty, including any implied warranty of merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose, applies after the
applicable period of express written warranty above as to the
parts as identified. No other express warranty, whether written or
oral, except as mentioned above, given by any person or entity,
including a dealer or retailer, with respect to any product, shall
bind MTD. During the period of the warranty, the exclusive remedy
is repair or replacement of the product as set forth above.
The provisions as set forth in this warranty provide the sole and
exclusive remedy arising from the sale. MTD shall not be liable
for incidental or consequential loss or damage including, without
limitation, expenses incurred for substitute or replacement lawn
care services or for rental expenses to temporarily replace a
warranted product.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages, or limitations on how long an implied warranty
lasts, so the above exclusions or limitations may not apply to you.
In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the amount of the
purchase price of the product sold. Alteration of safety features of
the product shall void this warranty. You assume the risk and liability
for loss, damage, or injury to you and your property and/or to others and
their property arising out of the misuse or inability to use the product.
This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than the original
purchaser or to the person for whom it was purchased as a gift.
HOW STATE LAW RELATES TO THIS WARRANTY: This limited
warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other
rights which vary from state to state.
IMPORTANT: Owner must present Original Proof of Purchase to obtain
warranty coverage.
d. Service completed by someone other than an authorized service
dealer.
MTD LLC, P.O. BOX 361131 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019; Phone: 1-800-800-7310, 1-330-220-4683
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