Operator`s manual | Bolens 544 Lawn Mower User Manual

Operator’s Manual
21” Mulching Mower
Model 544
IMPORTANT: Read safety rules and instructions carefully before operating equipment.
Warning: This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forestcovered, brush-covered or grass-covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting
applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator.
In the State of California the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code). Other states may have
similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized
service dealer or contact the service department, P.O. Box 361131 Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019.
TROY-BILT LLC. P.O. BOX 361131, CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
Form No.769-00447.fm
(9/2002)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Content
Page
Important Safe Operation Practices...................................................................... 3
Slope Gauge......................................................................................................... 6
Assembling Your Lawn Mower ............................................................................. 7
Know Your Lawn Mower ....................................................................................... 10
Operating Your Lawn Mower ................................................................................ 11
Making Adjustments ............................................................................................. 12
Maintaining Your Lawn Mower ............................................................................. 13
Troubleshooting.................................................................................................... 15
Parts List............................................................................................................... 16
FINDING MODEL NUMBER
This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new lawn mower. It will help you assemble, prepare and
maintain the unit for best performance. Please read and understand what it says.
Before you start assembling your new equipment, please locate the model plate on the
equipment and copy the information from it in the space provided below. The information on
the model plate is very important if you need help from our Customer Support Department or
an authorized dealer.
•
You can locate the model number by standing at the operating position and looking down at the rear
of the mower deck. A sample model plate is explained below. For future reference, please copy the
model number and the serial number of the equipment in the space below.
(Model Number)
www.bolens.com
(Serial Number)
TROY-BILT LLC
P. O. BOX 3 6 1 1 3 1
CLEVELAND, OH 44136
330-558-7220
866-840-6483
Copy the model number here:
Copy the serial number here:
ENGINE INFORMATION
The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine-related issues with regards to performance, powerrating, specifications, warranty and service. Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s Owner’s/Operator’s
Manual packed separately with your unit for more information.
CALLING CUSTOMER SUPPORT
If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation or
maintenance of this unit, please call the Customer Support Department.
Call 1-866-840-6483 or 1-330-558-7220 to reach a Customer Support representative. Please
have your unit’s model number and serial number ready when you call. See previous section
to locate this information. You will be asked to enter the serial number in order to process
your call.
For more details about your unit, visit our website at www.bolens.com
2
SECTION 1: IMPORTANT SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES
WARNING: This symbol points out important safety instructions which, if not followed, could endanger
the personal safety and/or property of yourself and others. Read and follow all instructions in this manual
before attempting to operate this machine. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal
injury. When you see this symbol—HEED ITS WARNING.
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit
chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
WARNING: This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this
manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in
serious injury. This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to
observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
General Operation
7. Wear sturdy, rough-soled work shoes and closefitting slacks and shirts. Shirts and pants that cover
the arms and legs and steel-toed shoes are
recommended. Never operate this machine in bare
feet, sandals, slippery or light weight (e.g. canvas)
shoes.
8. Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or
under the cutting deck. Contact with the blade can
amputate hands and feet.
9. A missing or damaged discharge cover can cause
blade contact or thrown object injuries.
10. Many injuries occur as a result of the mower being
pulled over the foot during a fall caused by slipping
or tripping. Do not hold on to the mower if you are
falling; release the handle immediately.
11. Never pull the mower back toward you while you
are walking. If you must back the mower away from
a wall or obstruction first look down and behind to
avoid tripping and then follow these steps:
a. Step back from the mower to fully extend
your arms.
b. Be sure you are well balanced with sure
footing.
c. Pull the mower back slowly, no more than
half way toward you.
d. Repeat these steps as needed.
5. Do not operate the mower while under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
6. Do not engage the self-propelled mechanism on
units so equipped while starting engine.
7. The blade control handle is a safety device. Never
attempt to bypass its operation. Doing so makes
the safety device inoperative and may result in
personal injury through contact with the rotating
blade. The blade control handle must operate
easily in both directions and automatically return to
the disengaged position when released.
8. Never operate the mower in wet grass. Always be
sure of your footing. A slip and fall can cause
serious personal injury. If you feel you are losing
your footing, release the blade control handle
1. Read this operator’s manual carefully in its entirety
before attempting to assemble this machine. Read,
understand, and follow all instructions on the
machine and in the manual(s) before operation. Be
completely familiar with the controls and the proper
use of this machine before operating it. Keep this
manual in a safe place for future and regular
reference and for ordering replacement parts.
2. This machine is a precision piece of power
equipment, not a plaything. Therefore, exercise
extreme caution at all times. Your unit has been
designed to perform one job: to mow grass. Do not
use it for any other purpose.
3. Never allow children under 14 years old to operate
this machine. Children 14 years old and over
should read and understand the operation
instructions and safety rules in this manual and
should be trained and supervised by a parent. Only
responsible individuals who are familiar with these
safe operation rules should use this machine.
4. Thoroughly inspect the area where equipment is to
be used. Remove all stones, sticks, wire, bones,
toys and other foreign objects which could be
tripped over or picked up and thrown by the blade.
Thrown objects can cause serious personal injury.
Plan your mowing pattern to avoid discharge of
material toward roads, sidewalks, bystanders and
the like. Also, avoid discharging material against a
wall or obstruction which may cause discharged
material to ricochet back toward the operator.
5. To help avoid blade contact or a thrown object
injury, stay in the operator zone behind the handles
and keep bystanders, helpers, children and pets at
least 75 feet from the machine while it is in
operation. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.
6. Always wear safety glasses to protect your eyes
during equipment operation and while performing
an adjustment or repair. Thrown objects which
ricochet can cause serious injury to the eyes.
3
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
3. Do not mow on wet grass. Unstable footing could
cause slipping.
immediately and the blade will stop rotating within
three seconds.
Mow in daylight or good artificial light; walk, not run.
Stop the blade when crossing gravel drives,
walkways or roads.
If the equipment should start to vibrate abnormally,
stop the engine and check immediately for the
cause. Vibration is generally a warning of trouble.
Shut the engine off and wait until the blade comes
to a complete stop before removing the grass
catcher or unclogging the chute. The cutting blade
continues to rotate for a few seconds after the
engine is shut off. Never place any part of the body
in the blade area until you are sure the blade has
stopped rotating.
Never operate mower without proper trail shield,
discharge cover, grass catcher, blade control
handle or other safety protective devices in place
and working. Never operate mower with damaged
safety devices. Failure to do so can result in
personal injury.
Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a
burn. Do not touch.
Only use parts and accessories made by the
original equipment manufacturer (O.E.M). Failure
to do so can result in personal injury.
If situations occur which are not covered in this
manual, use care and good judgment. Contact your
dealer for assistance. Call 1-866-840-6483 for the
name of your nearest dealer.
Children
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the mower and the mowing activity. They do not
understand the dangers. Never assume that children
will remain where you last saw them.
1. Keep children out of the mowing area and under
the watchful care of a responsible adult other than
the operator.
2. Be alert and turn mower off if a child enters the
area.
3. Before and while moving backwards, look behind
and down for small children.
4. Use extreme care when approaching blind corners,
doorways, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may
obscure your vision of a child who may run into the
mower.
5. Keep children away from hot or running engines.
They can suffer burns from a hot muffler.
6. Never allow children under 14 years old to operate
a power mower. Children 14 years old and over
should read and understand the operation
instructions and safety rules in this manual and
should be trained and supervised by a parent.
Service
Safe Handling of Gasoline:
Slope Operation
1. To avoid personal injury or property damage use
extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is
extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive.
Serious personal injury can occur when gasoline is
spilled on yourself or your clothes which can ignite.
2. Wash your skin and change clothes immediately.
3. Use only an approved gasoline container.
4. Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck or
trailer bed with a plastic liner. Always place
containers on the ground away from your vehicle
before filling.
5. If possible, remove gas-powered equipment from
the truck or trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this
is not possible, then refuel such equipment on a
trailer with a portable container, rather than from a
gasoline dispenser nozzle.
6. Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel
tank or container opening at all times until fueling is
complete. Do not use a nozzle lock-open device.
7. Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other
sources of ignition.
8. Never fuel machine indoors because flammable
vapors will accumulate in the area.
9. Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the engine
is hot or running. Allow engine to cool at least two
minutes before refueling.
Slopes are a major factor related to slip and fall
accidents which can result in severe injury. Operation
on slopes requires extra caution. If you feel uneasy on a
slope, do not mow it. Before operating this unit on a
slope or hilly area, use the slope gauge on page 6 to
measure slopes . If the slope is greater than 15
degrees, do not mow it.
Do:
1. Mow across the face of slopes; never up and down.
Exercise caution when changing direction.
2. Watch for holes, ruts, rocks, hidden objects, or
bumps which can cause you to slip or trip. Tall
grass can hide obstacles.
3. Always be sure of your footing. A slip and fall can
cause serious personal injury. If you feel you are
losing your balance, release the blade control
handle immediately, and the blade will stop rotating
within 3 seconds.
Do Not:
1. Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches or
embankments, you could lose your footing or
balance.
2. Do not mow slopes greater than 15 degrees as
shown on the slope gauge.
4
4. Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the
blade or wear gloves, and use extra caution when
servicing them.
5. Keep all nuts, bolts, and screws tight to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
6. Never tamper with safety devices. Check their
proper operation regularly.
7. After striking a foreign object, stop the engine,
disconnect the spark plug wire and ground against
the engine. Thoroughly inspect the mower for any
damage. Repair the damage before starting and
operating the mower.
8. Never attempt to make a wheel or cutting height
adjustment while the engine is running.
9. Grass catcher components, discharge cover, and
trail shield are subject to wear and damage which
could expose moving parts or allow objects to be
thrown. For safety protection, frequently check
components and replace immediately with original
equipment manufacturer’s (O.E.M.) parts only,
listed here. Use of parts which do not meet the
original equipment specifications may lead to
improper performance and compromise safety.
10. Do not change the engine governor setting or
overspeed the engine. The governor controls the
maximum safe operating speed of the engine.
11. Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as
necessary.
12. Observe proper disposal laws and regulations.
Improper disposal of fluids and materials can harm
the environment.
10. Never over fill fuel tank. Fill tank to no more than ½
inch below bottom of filler neck to provide space for
fuel expansion.
11. Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.
12. If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine and
equipment. Move unit to another area. Wait 5
minutes before starting the engine.
13. Never store the machine or fuel container inside
where there is an open flame, spark or pilot light as
on a water heater, space heater, furnace, clothes
dryer or other gas appliances.
14. To reduce fire hazard, keep mower free of grass,
leaves, or other debris build-up. Clean up oil or fuel
spillage and remove any fuel soaked debris.
15. Allow mower to cool 5 minutes before storing.
General Service:
1. Never run an engine indoors or in a poorly
ventilated area. Engine exhaust contains carbon
monoxide, an odorless and deadly gas.
2. Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, make
certain the blade and all moving parts have
stopped. Disconnect the spark plug wire and
ground against the engine to prevent unintended
starting.
3. Check the blade and engine mounting bolts at
frequent intervals for proper tightness. Also,
visually inspect blade for damage (e.g., bent,
cracked, worn) Replace blade with the original
equipment manufacture’s (O.E.M.) blade only,
listed in this manual. “Use of parts which do not
meet the original equipment specifications may
lead to improper performance and compromise
safety!”
Your Responsibility
Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read, understand and follow the warnings and
instructions in this manual and on the machine.
1299 AC
•
5
SECTION 2: SLOPE GAUGE
Use this page as a guide to determine slopes where you may not operate safely. Do not operate your lawn mower
on such slopes.
FOL
D
ON
D OT
TED
L
IN E
15°
SEN
TIN
GA
15
° SL
OPE
OR A FENCE POST
A CORNER OF A BUILDING
A POWER POLE
SIGHT AND HOLD THIS LEVEL WITH A VERTICAL TREE
, RE
P RE
WARNING
Do not mow on inclines with a slope in excess of 15 degrees (a rise of approximately 2-1/2 feet every 10 feet). A riding mower could
overturn and cause serious injury. If operating a walk-behind mower on such a slope, it is extremely difficult to maintain your footing
and you could slip, resulting in serious injury.
Operate RIDING mowers up and down slopes, never across the face of slopes.
Operate WALK-BEHIND mowers across the face of slopes, never up and down slopes.
6
SECTION 3: ASSEMBLING YOUR LAWN MOWER
Removing Unit From Carton
•
•
•
•
Remove staples, break glue on top flaps, or cut
tape at carton end and open carton.
Remove loose parts if included with unit (i.e.,
operator’s manual, etc.)
Cut along corners, lay the carton down flat, and
remove all packing material.
Roll or slide unit out of carton and check carton
thoroughly for loose parts.
Spark Plug
Wire
Spark Plug
Loose Parts in Carton
•
•
•
•
•
Figure 2
Grass Bag
Side Discharge Chute
Rear Wheels
Hardware Pack
Bottle of Oil
NOTE: Reference to right or left hand side of the mower
is observed from the operating position.
Setting Up Your Lawn Mower
Hardware Pack
Assembling Handle
Please identify each piece of the hardware pack as
shown in Figure 1.
•
Lift up and pull back on the upper handle to raise
the handle into the operating position. See Figure
3. Make certain the lower handle is seated securely
into the handle bracket assemblies.
Lower Handle
Carriage Bolt
Wing Nut
Handle
Bracket
Upper
Handle
Group A
Wave Washer
Figure 3
•
Flat Washer
Tighten wing nuts on each side of the handle
making sure that the carriage bolts are seated
properly into the handle. See Figure 4.
Spring Washer
Shoulder Screw
Group B
Figure 1
Before Assembly
•
Tighten this
wing nut
Before setting up your lawn mower, disconnect the
spark plug wire from the spark plug and ground
against the engine. See Figure 2.
Carriage
Bolt
Figure 4
7
•
•
Remove hairpin clip from the outer hole of the weld
pin on each handle brackets. Using a pair of pliers,
squeeze one leg of the lower handle against the
handle bracket. Insert the hairpin clip into the inner
hole on the weld pin. Repeat on the other side. See
Figure 5.
After moving the hairpin clip, insert the carriage
bolt, from Group A of the hardware pack, in the
upper hole on the handle mounting bracket and
secure with plastic wing nut from the hardware
pack. See Figure 5. Repeat on the other side.
Spring Washer
Wave Washer
Shoulder
Screw
Carriage Bolt
Wing Nut
Flat
Washer
Handle
Mounting Bracket
Rear
Wheel
Figure 7
Attaching Starter Rope
Weld Pin
The rope guide is already attached to the right side of
the upper handle of your mower. See Figure 8 .
Hairpin Clip
•
•
Figure 5
•
Fasten the cable to the lower handle with the two
cable ties found on the lower handle. Pull the cable
ties tight and trim off the excess. See Figure 6.
With the spark plug wire disconnected and
grounded, hold the blade control handle against the
upper handle, and pull the rope out of the engine.
Slip the rope through the rope guide as shown
below. Tighten the wing nut holding the rope guide
to the upper handle.
Starter
Rope
Wing Nut
Cable Tie
Upper Handle
Lower
Handle
Lower Handle
Rope Guide
Figure 8
Figure 6
Assembling Grass Catcher
NOTE: Your mower is shipped with the handle in the
higher position. If you wish to lower the height of the
handle, refer to the Adjustment Section at this time.
NOTE: If the grass catcher came pre-assembled,
proceed to the next section. If it came un-assembled,
follow the steps below to assemble it first, before
attaching to the mower.
Attaching Rear Wheels
The necessary hardware is included in Group B of the
hardware pack. Refer to Figure 1 .
•
•
•
Insert shoulder screw through flat washer, wave
washer, rear wheel, and spring washer as shown in
Figure 7 . Insert this assembly into the
corresponding hole on the rear pivot bar and
secure.
8
Insert frame into grass bag with the black plastic
side on the bottom of bag. See Figure 9.
Slip the openings in the side of the plastic channel
on bag over the hooks on the grass catcher frame.
Secure bag to the frame by working the six plastic
channels on bag over frame. All of the plastic channels except the center top of the bag attach from
the outside of bag. The center top of the bag
attaches from inside the bag. See Figure 9.
Grass Catcher
Frame
IMPORTANT: Make sure cable is routed to the outside
of the handle so that it is not in the way when attaching
the grass catcher.
Insert frame
into bag
•
•
Lift the rear discharge door on the mower.
Place the hooks, found on both sides of the grass
catcher frame, over the chute door pivot rod at the
rear of the mower. Release the rear discharge door.
See Figure 11.
Discharge
Door
Grass Bag
Plastic
Channel
Grass Catcher
Assembly
Complete
Grass
Catcher
Figure 11
•
Figure 9
WARNING: Never operate the mower
unless the hooks on the grass catcher are
firmly seated on the chute pivot rod, and the
rear discharge door rests firmly against the top
of the grass catcher.
Attaching Grass Catcher To Mower
NOTE: Your lawn mower is equipped with both a
mulching baffle and a mulching plug. While the
mulching baffle is located at the rear of the mower, the
mulching plug is located on the right of the cutting deck.
Converting To Side Discharge
•
WARNING: Do not remove the mulching
•
plug from the mower even when you are not
mulching the grass.
The mulching baffle is already in place on the mower for
shipping purposes.
•
To remove the grass catcher, lift the rear discharge
door on the mower, lift the grass catcher up and off
the pivot rod. Reinstall the mulching baffle and
release the rear discharge door.
•
To remove the mulching baffle, lift the rear
discharge door on the mower. Remove the
mulching baffle. See Figure 10.
Lift the rear discharge door and install the mulching
baffle. See Figure 10 .
On the side of the mower, lift the mulching plug and
slide the two hooks of the side discharge chute
under the hinge pin on the mulching plug assembly.
Lower the side mulching plug. See Figure 12 .
Do not remove the side mulching plug at any time,
even when you are not mulching.
IMPORTANT: This unit is shipped without gasoline or oil
in the engine. Service engine with gasoline and oil as
instructed in separate engine manual before operating.
Rear Mulching
Baffle
Mulching
Plug
Hinge
Pin
Side
Chute
Deflector
Figure 10
Figure 12
9
SECTION 4: KNOW YOUR LAWN MOWER
Cutting Height Adjustment Levers
Read this operator’s manual and safety rules before
operating your lawn mower. Compare the illustration in
Figure 13 with your lawn mower to familiarize yourself
with the location of various controls and adjustments.
Save this manual for future reference.
These levers are located on each wheel and are used
to adjust the cutting height. These levers have to be at
the same relative position to ensure uniform cut.
Recoil Starter
WARNING: The operation of any lawn
The recoil starter is attached to the right upper handle.
Stand behind the unit and pull the recoil starter rope to
start the unit.
mower can result in foreign objects being
thrown into the eyes, which can damage your
eyes severely. Always wear safety glasses
while operating the mower, or while performing
any adjustments or repairs on it.
Grass Catcher
The grass catcher, located at the rear of the mower, is
used to bag the grass clippings for disposal at another
site. Once the bag is full, it has to be removed from the
mower and emptied before any further mowing.
Blade Control Handle
The blade control handle is located on the upper handle
of the mower. The blade control handle must be
depressed in order to operate the unit. Release blade
control handle to stop engine and blade.
Mulching Plug
Both the mulching baffle and the mulching plug are
used only for mulching purposes. Instead of collecting
grass clippings in a grass catcher, this mower has the
option of recirculating the clippings back to the lawn.
WARNING: This blade control mechanism is
a safety device. Never attempt to bypass its
operations.
Upper Handle
Blade Control
Handle
Recoil
Starter
Rear Cutting Height
Adjustment Lever
Grass
Catcher
Side-Discharge
Chute
Front Cutting Height
Adjustment Lever
Mulching
Plug
Figure 13
10
SECTION 5: OPERATING YOUR LAWN MOWER
•
WARNING: Read, understand, and follow all
•
instructions and warnings on the machine and
in this manual before operating.
NOTE: For shipping purposes your mower is set with
the wheels in a low cutting height position. For best
results, raise the cutting position until it is determined
which height is best for your lawn. See the Adjustment
Section for details.
Stopping Engine
Gas & Oil Fill-Up
•
•
•
Check oil level and add oil if necessary. Follow
relevant instructions in the engine manual for this.
Service the engine with gasoline as instructed in
the engine manual.
•
Release blade control handle to stop the engine
and the blade.
Disconnect spark plug wire and move away from
spark plug to prevent accidental starting.
Using Your Lawn Mower
WARNING: Use extreme care when
WARNING: Never operate the mower
handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely
flammable and the vapors are explosive. Never
fuel the machine indoors or while the engine is
hot or running. Extinguish cigarettes, cigars,
pipes and other sources of ignition.
unless the hooks on the grasscatcher are
seated in the slots on the handle bracket
assemblies, and the rear discharge door rests
firmly against the top of the grasscatcher.
Before Starting Mower
•
•
•
Attach spark plug wire to spark plug. Make certain
the metal cap on the end of the spark plug wire
(inside the rubber boot) is fastened securely over
the metal tip on the spark plug.
•
Throttle Speed
Your lawn mower engine is equipped with a constant
speed throttle, which is set at full throttle for best
performance.
•
Starting Engine
WARNING: Be sure no one other than the
•
operator is standing near the lawn mower while
starting engine or operating mower.
WARNING: Never run engine indoors or in
You can use your mower as a mulching mower or a
rear bagger.
Do not operate the mower without the rear
mulching baffle or the grasscatcher bag properly
installed.
Be sure that the lawn is clear of stones, sticks, wire,
or other objects which could damage lawn mower
or engine. Such objects could be accidently thrown
by the mower in any direction and cause serious
personal injury to the operator and others.
For best results, do not cut wet grass. It may stick to
the underside of the mower, preventing proper
discharge of grass clippings, and could cause you
to slip and fall. New grass or thick grass may
require a narrower cut.
For a healthy lawn, always cut off one-third or less
of the total length of the grass. Lawn should be
trimmed in fall as long as there is growth.
WARNING: If the mower strikes a foreign
enclosed, poorly ventilated areas. Engine
exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an
odorless and deadly gas.
object, stop the engine. Remove spark plug
wire from the spark plug and thoroughly inspect
for any damage. Repair the damage promptly
before restarting and operating the mower.
WARNING: Keep hands, feet, hair and
loose clothing away from any moving parts on
engine and lawn mower.
•
Standing behind the mower, depress the blade
control handle and hold it against the upper handle.
Grasp starter handle and pull rope out slowly until
engine reaches the start of compression cycle
(rope will pull slightly harder at this point). Let the
rope rewind slowly. Pull rope with a rapid,
continuous, full arm stroke. Keeping a firm grip on
the starter handle, let the rope rewind slowly.
Mulching
For effective mulching, do not cut wet grass. New or
thick grass may require a narrower cut. If the grass has
grown in excess of 4”, mulching is not recommended.
Mow using the side discharge to reduce the grass
height to 3.25” maximum before mulching.
Push primer three times. Wait about two seconds
between each push. In cold weather around 55o F
or below, prime five times. Do not prime to restart a
warm engine after a short shutdown.
11
Bagging Grass Clippings
•
•
You can use the grass catcher bag to collect clippings
while you are operating the mower.
•
Attach grass catcher following instructions on page
9 of this manual. Grass clippings will automatically
collect in the bag as you run the mower.
•
Operate the mower till the grass bag is full.
Stop engine completely by releasing the blade
control handle. Make sure that the unit has come to
a complete stop.
Lift discharge door and pull grass bag up and away
from the mower to dispose of the grass clippings.
SECTION 6: MAKING ADJUSTMENTS
Cutting Height Adjustment
WARNING: Do not at any time make any
adjustments without first stopping engine and
disconnecting spark plug wire.
IMPORTANT: All wheels must be placed in the same
relative position.
Handle Height Adjustment
•
For rough or uneven lawns, move the height
adjustment lever to a higher position. This will help
stop scalping of the grass.
An adjusting plate and thumb lever at each wheel
position provides cutting height adjustment. Each
adjusting plate has nine height positions. Height of cut
will change when you move the thumb lever from one
position to another.
Your mower is shipped with the handle in the higher
height position. To lower the height proceed as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Remove the starter rope from the rope guide.
Remove the upper handle by removing the hand
knobs and carriage bolts. Lay the upper handle out
of the way, being careful not to bend or kink the
cables.
Remove the hairpin clips from the weld pins on the
handle brackets and remove the wing nuts and
carriage bolts from the upper hole on the handle
mounting bracket. Press out on the legs of the
lower handle and remove lower handle from the
mower.
Turn lower handle around so the notch on the
bottom of the lower handle is facing forward.
See Figure 14.
Reassemble, placing the bottom holes in the
handle over the weld pins in the handle mounting
bracket.
Place the hairpin clips in the inner holes in the weld
pins and insert the carriage bolts the upper hole on
the handle mounting bracket and secure with
plastic wing nuts.
Reassemble the upper handle to the lower handle.
Attach the starter rope as instructed in the
Assembly Section.
•
Simply depress the lever towards the wheel and
move the lever assembly to desired position. See
Figure 15.
Height Adjustment
Lever
Figure 15
Engine Adjustments
Refer to the engine manual for these adjustments.
Notch
Lower Handle
Figure 14
12
SECTION 7: MAINTAINING YOUR LAWN MOWER
•
WARNING: Always stop the engine and
disconnect the spark plug wire before
performing any maintenance work or
adjustments on your lawn mower.
•
Cleaning Mower
The underside of the mower deck should be cleaned
after each use to prevent any build-up of grass
clippings, leaves, dirt, or other debris. If this debris is
allowed to accumulate, it will result in rust and
corrosion.
Clean the spark plug and reset the gap to .030” at
least once a season. Refer to the engine manual for
correct spark plug type.
Inspect muffler periodically, and replace if
necessary. Damaged mufflers or spark arresters
can create a fire hazard. Make sure to avoid muffler
and surrounding areas while the mower engine is
hot because temperature of these areas of the
engine may exceed 150o F.
Lubrication
Refer to the lubrication chart in Figure 16.
NOTE: We do not recommend the use of pressure
washers or garden hose to clean your unit. These may
cause damage to electric components, spindles,
pulleys, bearings, or the engine. The use of water will
result in shortened life and reduce serviceability.
Blade Control Handle
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wheels
Disconnect spark plug wire.
Drain the gasoline from the lawn mower, or place a
piece of plastic under the gas cap.
Tip the mower so that it rests on the housing. Keep
the side with the air cleaner facing up. Hold the
mower firmly.
Scrape and clean the underside of the deck with a
suitable tool. Do not spray with water.
Put the mower back on its wheels on the ground. If
you had put plastic under the gas cap, make sure to
remove it now.
•
•
Engine Care
Follow the engine manual instructions and
recommended schedule for lubricating engine
components.
Lubricate
A list of key maintenance jobs required for good
performance by the mower is given below. Follow the
accompanying engine manual for detailed list and
instructions.
•
Lubricate the torsion spring and the pivot point on
each end of the rear discharge door using a light oil.
This will prevent rusting of the discharge door.
Engine
90 degrees in any directions and do not leave
the mower tipped for any length of time. Oil can
drain into the upper part of the engine causing
a starting problem.
•
Lubricate the wheels and bearings, if so equipped,
at least once a season with light oil or engine oil.
Also, if the wheels are removed for any reason,
lubricate the surface of the axle bolt and the inner
surface of the wheel with light oil.
Rear Discharge Door
WARNING: Never tip the mower more than
•
Lubricate the pivot points on the blade control
handle at least once a season with light oil. The
blade control must operate freely in both directions.
Lubricate
Change engine oil regularly, as instructed in the
engine manual. Check oil level before starting
engine every time.
Service foam filter in the air cleaner every 25 hours
of use and replace the paper filter component every
100 hours. You may have to service the air filter
more frequently if you are operating the mower
under extremely dusty conditions.
Clean the engine periodically. Remove dirt and
debris with a cloth or brush.
Lubricate
Figure 16: Lubrication Chart
13
SECTION 8: SERVICING THE MOWER
Replacing Rear Flap
•
•
Sharpening the Blade
•
To remove rear flap, cut off the flat end of the wire
rod which secures it to the deck. See Figure 17.
Attach the new flap and new rod to deck, bending
the ends of the new rod over to secure to deck.
•
Rear Discharge
Door
WARNING: An unbalanced blade will cause
Handle
Bracket
excessive vibration when rotating at high
speeds. It may cause damage to the mower,
and could break causing personal injury.
d
Ro
re
i
W
Balancing the Blade
•
Handle
Bracket
Rear Flap
Figure 17
•
WARNING: When removing the cutting
•
blade for sharpening or replacement, protect
your hands with a pair of heavy gloves or use a
heavy rag to hold the blade.
•
•
Periodically inspect the blade adapter for cracks,
especially if you strike a foreign object. Replace when
necessary.
Removing the Blade
•
•
The blade can be tested by balancing it on a round
shaft screwdriver. Remove metal from the heavy
side until it balances evenly. It is recommended that
the blade always be removed from the adapter
when testing for balance.
Installing the Blade
Blade Care
•
•
The blade can be sharpened with a file or on a
grinding wheel. Do not attempt to sharpen the
blade while it is still on the mower.
Follow the original angle of grind as a guide. Make
sure that each cutting edge receives an equal
amount of grinding to prevent an unbalanced blade.
•
Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug.
Turn mower on its side making sure that the air filter
and the carburetor are up.
Remove the bolt and the blade bell support which
hold the blade and the blade adapter to the engine
crankshaft. See Figure 18.
Remove the blade and the adapter from the
crankshaft.
•
Before reinstalling the blade and the blade adapter
to the unit, lubricate the engine crankshaft and the
inner surface of the blade adapter with light oil.
Be sure to install the blade with the side of the
blade marked “Bottom” (or with part number) facing
the ground when the mower is in the operating
position.
Slide the blade adapter onto the engine crankshaft.
Place the blade on the adapter. Be certain the
blade is aligned and seated on the blade adapter
flanges.
Place blade bell support on blade. Make sure the
notches on the blade bell support are aligned with
small holes in the blade.
Replace hex bolt and tighten hex bolt to torque: 450
in. lbs. min., 600 in. lbs. max.
NOTE: To ensure safe operation of your mower,
periodically check the blade bolt for correct torque.
Blade
Adapter
Blade Bell
Support
Hex Bolt
Figure 18
14
SECTION 9: OFF-SEASON STORAGE
Storing Your Lawn Mower
•
The following steps should be taken to prepare your
lawn mower for storage.
•
•
Clean and lubricate mower thoroughly as described
in the lubrication instructions.
NOTE: When storing any type of power equipment in a
poorly ventilated or metal storage shed, care should be
taken to rust-proof the equipment. Using a light oil or
silicone, coat the equipment, especially cables and all
moving parts.
IMPORTANT: We do not recommend the use of a
pressure washer or garden hose to clean your unit.
•
Coat mower’s cutting blade with chassis grease to
prevent rusting.
Store mower in a dry, clean area. Do not store next
to corrosive materials, such as fertilizer.
Refer to engine manual for correct engine storage
instructions.
SECTION 10: TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Cause
Remedy
Engine fails to start
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Blade control handle disengaged.
Spark plug wire disconnected.
Fuel tank empty or stale fuel.
Blocked fuel line.
Faulty spark plug.
Engine flooded
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Engage blade control handle.
Connect wire to spark plug.
Fill tank with clean, fresh gasoline.
Clean fuel line.
Clean, adjust gap, or replace.
Wait a few minutes to restart, but do not
prime.
Engine runs erratic
1.
2.
Spark plug wire loose.
Blocked fuel line or stale fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Vent in gas plugged.
Water or dirt in fuel system.
Dirty air cleaner.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Connect and tighten spark plug wire.
Clean fuel line; fill tank with clean, fresh
gasoline
Clear vent.
Drain fuel tank. Refill with fresh fuel.
Clean air cleaner.
Adjust carburetor.
1.
2.
3.
Engine oil level low.
Air flow restricted.
Carburetor not adjusted properly.
1.
2.
3.
Fill crankcase with proper oil.
Remove blower housing and clean.
Adjust carburetor.
Occasional skip (hesitates) at 1.
high speed
Spark plug gap too close.
1.
Adjust gap to .030”.
Idles poorly
2.
3.
Spark plug fouled, faulty or gap too
wide.
Carburetor improperly adjusted.
Dirty air cleaner.
1.
2.
3.
Reset gap to .030” or replace spark plug.
Adjust carburetor.
Clean air cleaner.
1.
Cutting blade loose or unbalanced.
1.
2.
Tighten blade and adapter. Balance blade.
Replace blade.
2.
Bent cutting blade.
1.
Wet grass.
1.
2.
Excessively high grass.
2.
3.
Dull blade.
3.
Do not mow when grass is wet; wait until
later to cut.
Mow once at a high cutting height, then mow
again at desired height or make a narrower
cutting path.
Sharpen or replace blade.
1.
Wheels not positioned correctly.
1.
2.
Dull blade.
2.
Engine overheats
Excessive vibration
Mower will not mulch grass
Uneven cut
1.
15
Place all four wheels in same height
position.
Sharpen or replace blade.
SECTION 11: PARTS LIST FOR MODEL 544
1
2
13
3
4
14
12
6
7
5
11
9
8
23
10
22
15
16
31
6
17
64
47
A
18
34
32
A
21
20
24
46
36
19
33
39
25
28
41 40
30
26
23
27
43
35
45
44
54
49
29
37
42
38
50
51
52
32
60
40
31
59
53
55
61
62
56
41
65
63
57
47
58
16
Model 544
Ref.
No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
Part No.
749-1092A
747-1161A
710-1270
746-0883
712-0324
720-0279
710-1205
710-1174
736-0451
720-0284
749-0928A
746-0957
664-0084
747-0995A
714-0104
782-7599B
782-5007A
732-0700
731-1236
750-0434
732-0809
682-3058
682-3059
734-1864
782-0047A
710-0654A
736-0270
710-0599
712-0130
736-0356
782-5004
782-5003
710-1017
712-3005
Ref.
No.
Part Description
Upper Handle
Control Handle
C-Sunk Screw 1/4-20 x 1.3”
Throttle Housing
Hex Lock Nut 1/4-20
Handle Knob
Rope Guide
Carriage Bolt 5/16-18 x 2”
Shoulder Washer .320 ID x .930 OD
Wing Nut
Lower Handle
Control Cable
Grass Bag
Grass Catcher Frame
Hairpin Clip
Grass Bag Door
Rear Mulch Plug
Wire Rod
Trailshield
Spacer .375 O.D. x .50 I.D. x 1.02”
Door Spring
Handle Bracket Assembly - LH
Handle Bracket Assembly - RH
Rear Wheel 14 x 2
Deck 21”
Hex Washer Screw 3/8-16 x 1.0
Bell Washer .265 ID x .75 OD
Hex Washer Screw 1/4-20 x .500
Hex Lock Nut 3/8-16
Bell Washer .390 ID x .380 OD
Rear Baffle - RH
Rear Baffle - LH
Tap Screw 1/4-14 x .625.
Flange Lock Nut 3/8-16
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
17
Part No.
710-0703
682-3056A
682-3057A
710-0286
710-0896
710-0514
17488A
17489A
738-0507B
736-0105
732-0866
736-0182
736-0456
738-0481A
14578
14579
734-1988
712-0431
782-5002
732-0731
747-0710
782-7006
731-1404A
748-0376C
742-0741
736-0524A
710-1044
15261A
720-0426
15262B
732-0404
738-0102
747-0996
731-1409
Part Description
Hex Carriage Screw 1/4-20
Handle Bracket Assembly - RH
Handle Bracket Assembly - LH
Machine Screw 1/4-20 x .500
Hex Washer Screw 1/4-14 x .625
Hex Cap Screw 3/8-16 x 1.0
Pivot Bar - RH
Pivot Bar - LH
Shoulder Screw
Spring Washer .375 ID x .870 OD
Spring Lever
Wave Washer .500 ID x 1.0 OD
Flat Washer .510 ID x 1.37 OD
Shoulder Screw
Front Height Adjuster - RH
Front Height Adjuster - LH
Front Wheel 7 x 2
Flange Lock Nut 3/8-16
Front Baffle
Torsion Spring
Hinge Pin
Hinge Mounting Bracket
Mulching Plug
Blade Adapter
Blade: 21” Mulching
Blade Bell Support
Hex Cap Screw 3/8-24 x 1.5
Height Adjustment Plate
Height Adjustment Knob
Pivot Bar
Spring Lever
Shoulder Bolt
Chute Door Pivot Rod
Side Discharge Deflector
MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR:
The limited warranty set forth below is given by Troy-Bilt LLC
with respect to new merchandise purchased and used in the
United States, its possessions and territories.
Troy-Bilt LLC warrants this product against defects for a
period of two (2) years commencing on the date of original
purchase and will, at its option, repair or replace, free of
charge, any part found to be defective in materials or
workmanship. This limited warranty shall only apply if this
product has been operated and maintained in accordance
with the Operator’s Manual furnished with the product, and
has not been subject to misuse, abuse, commercial use,
neglect, accident, improper maintenance, alteration,
vandalism, theft, fire, water, or damage because of other peril
or natural disaster. Damage resulting from the installation or
use of any accessory or attachment not approved by Troy-Bilt
LLC for use with the product(s) covered by this manual will
void your warranty as to any resulting damage.
Normal wear parts or components thereof are subject to
separate terms as follows: All normal wear parts or
component failures will be covered on the product for a period
of 90 days regardless of cause. After 90 days, but within the
two year period, normal wear part failures will be covered
ONLY IF caused by defects in materials or workmanship of
OTHER component parts. Normal wear parts and
components include, but are not limited to: batteries, belts,
blades, blade adapters, grass bags, rider deck wheels, seats,
snow thrower skid shoes, shave plates, auger spiral rubber,
and tires.
HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE: Warranty service is available,
WITH PROOF OF PURCHASE, through your local authorized
service dealer. To locate the dealer in your area, check your
Yellow Pages, or contact Troy-Bilt LLC at P.O. Box 361131,
Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019, or call 1-866-840-6483 or 1330-558-7220, or log on to our Web site at www.troybilt.com.
This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the
following cases:
a.
b.
c.
The engine or component parts thereof. These items
carry a separate manufacturer’s warranty. Refer to
applicable manufacturer’s warranty for terms and
conditions.
Log splitter pumps, valves, and cylinders have a sepa
rate one year warranty.
Routine maintenance items such as lubricants, filters,
blade sharpening, tune-ups, brake adjustments, clutch
adjustments, deck adjustments, and normal
deterioration of the exterior finish due to use or
exposure.
d.
e.
f.
g.
Troy-Bilt LLC does not extend any warranty for
products sold or exported outside of the United States,
its possessions and territories, except those sold
through Troy-Bilt LLC’s authorized channels of export
distribution.
Parts that are not genuine Troy-Bilt parts are not
covered by this warranty.
Service completed by someone other than an
authorized service dealer is not covered by this
warranty.
Transportation charges and service calls are not
covered.
No implied warranty, including any implied warranty of
merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose,
applies after the applicable period of express written
warranty above as to the parts as identified. No other
express warranty, whether written or oral, except as
mentioned above, given by any person or entity,
including a dealer or retailer, with respect to any product,
shall bind Troy-Bilt LLC. During the period of the
warranty, the exclusive remedy is repair or replacement
of the product as set forth above.
The provisions as set forth in this warranty provide the
sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sale. Troy-Bilt
LLC shall not be liable for incidental or consequential
loss or damage including, without limitation, expenses
incurred for substitute or replacement lawn care services
or for rental expenses to temporarily replace a warranted
product.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how
long an implied warranty lasts, so the above exclusions or
limitations may not apply to you.
In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the
amount of the purchase price of the product sold. Alteration
of safety features of the product shall void this warranty.
You assume the risk and liability for loss, damage, or injury to
you and your property and/or to others and their property
arising out of the misuse or inability to use the product.
This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than the
original purchaser or to the person for whom it was purchased
as a gift.
HOW STATE LAW RELATES TO THIS WARRANTY: This
limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
Troy-Bilt LLC, P.O. BOX 361131 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-0019; Phone: 1-866-840-6483, 1-330-558-7220
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