&
Fitness Guide
BOWFLEX
®
®
Owner’s Manual
Written By: Tom Purvis RPT, RTS
Registered Physical Therapist
and founder of the Resistance Training Specialist Program
Special Edition Includes:
Dr. Ellington Darden’s
Six Week Fast Fat Loss — Body Leanness Program
BOWFLEX
FITNESS
®
Table of Contents
Getting To Know Your Machine
Using Your Machine
About Your Bowflex Attachments
Safety
Defining Your Goals
Exercising Properly
1
2
8
9
10
12
The Workouts:
The 20 Minute Better Body Workout
Advanced General Conditioning
20 Minute Upper / Lower Body
Body Building
Circuit Training Anaerobic / Cardiovascular
True Aerobic Circuit Training
Strength Training
13
13
14
15
16
17
18
Chest Exercises:
Bench Press
Chest Fly
Incline Bench Press
Decline Bench Press
Resisted Punch
Lying Cable Crossover
Flat Barbell Bench Press
19
19
20
21
21
22
22
Shoulder Exercises:
Seated Shoulder Press
Front Shoulder Raise
Rear Deltoid Rows
Standing Lateral Shoulder Raise
Seated Lateral Shoulder Raise
Scapular Protraction
Scapular Depression
Shoulder Rotator Cuff — INTERNAL ROTATION
Shoulder Rotator Cuff — EXTERNAL ROTATION
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder Shrug
Barbell Shoulder Shrug
Lying Front Shoulder Raise
Reverse Fly
Military Press
23
23
24
24
25
25
26
26
27
27
28
28
29
29
30
Back Exercises:
Lying Shoulder Pullover
Wide Pulldowns
Narrow Pulldowns
Lying Lat Pulldowns
Lying Narrow Lat Pulldowns
Low Back Extensions
Seated Lat Rows
Lying Lat Fly
Reverse Grip Pulldowns
Scapular Retraction
Stiff Arm Pulldown
Barbell Bent Over Row
31
31
32
32
33
33
34
34
35
35
36
36
Arm Exercises:
French Press
Lying Triceps Extension
Lying 45 Degree Triceps Extension
Triceps Pushdown
“Rope” Pushdowns
Single-Arm Pushdown
Cross Triceps Extension
Triceps Kickback
Seated Triceps Extension
Standing Biceps Curl
Seated Biceps Curl
Seated Wrist Extension
Standing Wrist Extension
Seated Wrist Curl
Standing Wrist Curl
Reverse Curl
Lying Biceps Curl
Reverse Grip Barbell Curls
Barbell Curls
37
37
38
38
39
39
40
40
41
41
42
42
43
43
44
44
45
45
46
Abdominal Exercises:
Seated (resisted) Abdominal Crunch
Seated (resisted) Oblique Crunch
Reverse Crunch
Resisted Reverse Crunch
Trunk Rotation
Abdominal Crunch
47
47
48
48
49
49
Leg Exercises:
Leg Extension
Leg Curl
The Squat
Leg Press
Lying (Prone) Leg Curl
Standing Hip Extension
Standing Hip Flexion
Seated Leg Curl
Lying Leg Extension
Seated (straight Leg) Calf Raise
Standing Leg Kickback
Kneeling Leg Kickback
Standing Hip Abduction
Seated Hip Adduction
Seated Hip Abduction
Ankle Inversion
Ankle Eversion
Deadlift
Stiff-Leg Deadlift
50
50
51
51
52
52
53
53
54
54
55
55
56
56
57
57
58
58
59
Fast Fat Loss Now
The Bowflex Body Leanness Program
By Dr. Ellington Darden
60
Getting To Know Your Machine
CONGRATULATIONS on your commitment to fitness! By
choosing Bowflex to be your partner, you’ve chosen a
machine that can deliver on its promises!
The resistance and aerobic training that can be performed
on the Bowflex is unmatched by any other single piece of
home fitness equipment available. You have definitely made
the right decision!
In this owner’s manual you’ll find detailed information on a
wide variety of exercises, workout programs and a very
specialized program titled, “Fast Fat Loss Now” by Dr.
Ellington Darden.
Please take your time to read through the entire manual
before attempting to use your Bowflex. It’s important you
understand HOW to properly perform each exercise before
you attempt to perform the exercise with Power Rod®
Resistance.
With all of the fitness choices available today, we
understand that choosing a piece of equipment can be very
confusing. Everyone at Bowflex, Inc. would like to thank
you for your trust and your confidence in our product.
Bowflex is as good as we say it is, and you’re just about to
prove it to yourself.
Again, thank you for choosing Bowflex.
THE BOWFLEX ULTIMATE
Lat Bar Rests
Lat Bar
Cable Storage
Rod Caps
Power Rods®
Cable Hook
Cable
Rod Box
Pulley Frame
Adjustable
Pulley System
Pulley
Vertical Main
Frame
Bench
Leg Attachment
Seat
Hand Grip/
Ankle Cuff
Foot Rest
Standing/ Squat
Platform
Spring Lock
Seat Pin
Seat Rail
Bench Legs
Leg Extension/Leg
Curl Attachment
1
Using Your Machine
Power Rod® Resistance
Power Rods are made from a special composite material.
Your rods are sheathed with a protective black rubber
coating. Each rod is marked with its weight rating on the
rod cap.
Adjusting And Understanding The
Resistance
The Bowflex Ultimate comes with
310 pounds of resistance (one pair
of 5-pound rods, two pairs of 10pound rods, one pair of 30-pound
rods, and two pairs of 50-pound
rods). If you upgraded to a 410
pound capacity, you will have an
additional pair of 50-pound Power
Rods.
When You Are Not Using
Your Bowflex
Disconnect the cables from the
Power Rods when you are not
using your Bowflex.
Use the rod binding strap
included with your machine to
bind all the rods together
near the top. This keeps them
neat in appearance and makes
your Bowflex as compact as
possible. Place your cables and
grips through the strap to keep
them out of the way.
Hooking The Power Rods®
To The Cables:
You may use one rod or several rods in combination, to
create the desired resistance level. To hook multiple rods up
to one cable, simply bend the closest rod toward the cable
and place the cable hook through the rod cap. Then, hook
up the next closest rod.
Hooking up the most forward rod prevents rods from
crossing over the top of one another.
To upgrade to 410 pounds
of Power Rod® Resistance
please call 1-800-269-3539
2
Using Your Machine
The Workout Bench
Your Bowflex has four different bench positions. To adjust
the bench, simply locate the spring lock pin on the side of
the seat. Pull out pin to release seat, then slide it to the
desired position. Pull out
pin, give it half a turn, and
release to place it in a “free
sliding” position for
exercises such as rowing.
Quick Release Bench: The long portion of your bench
attaches to and releases from the seat portion very easily. To
attach it, simply insert the half hinge on the end of the
bench into the half hinge on the seat. For standing exercises,
simply remove the bench by lifting up on the long portion
and pulling away from the seat.
Flat Position 1 & 2: Along the side of the seat rail there are
three holes for the spring lock seat pin. Pull out on the pin
and slide the entire bench forward until the spring lock seat
pin locks into a hole.
With the bench in the
flat position there are
two possible holes for
the spring lock pin to
lock into, one forward
and one back.
Incline Position: Start with the bench flat in the the furthest
position away from the Power Rods®. Pull out
on the spring lock seat pin and
lift the long bench pad up.
Slide forward until the pin
locks into the farthest forward
hole. Rest the bench’s incline
support bracket on the base of
the Power Rods®.
“Free Sliding” Position: Remove the long bench pad. Pull
out on the spring lock seat pin, give it a half turn, and
release to place
it in a “free
sliding” position
for exercises
such as rowing.
How to Mount the Bowflex Incline Bench
Sit on the bench and reach back, one arm at a time,
grasping hand grips. KEEPING HANDS DOWN AND
PALMS UP.
Begin by reaching back for hand grips.
Curl your hands up toward the front of your shoulders AND
turn your wrists so that your palms now face away from you.
The cables will now be over your elbows.
Curl up toward your shoulders.
Turn your wrists forward.
3
Using Your Machine
Using the Bowflex
Hand Grips
Using the Bowflex
Leg Press Belt
The Bowflex hand grips can be used as
regular grips, hand cuffs or ankle cuffs.
The Leg Press Belt is used exclusively for the Leg Press and
the Seated Hamstring Curl exercises.
Regular Grip: Grasp the
handle and cuff together to
form a grip without inserting
your hand through the cuff
portion. Most of the exercises
you perform utilize this grip.
Hand Cuff Grip: Slip your
hand through the cuff portion
of the grip so that the foam
pad rests on the back of your
hand. Then grasp the
remainder of the grip that is
sitting in your palm. This method of gripping is great for
exercises like front shoulder raises or any exercise where
your palm is facing down.
Ankle Cuff Grip: The cuff
opening can be made larger to
accommodate the ankle.
Simply insert your hand in the
cuff and slide it away from the
handle. Insert your foot or
ankle and tighten the grip by
sliding the handle back toward the cuff.
Grips manufactured under license agreement with Hands-On
Sports & Gym Accessories Inc. Patent # 4756527
4
• With the Bowflex seat adjusted to the “free sliding”
position (spring lock seat pin unlocked), the hand grips
removed, and the
desired amount of
resistance hooked
up, sit on the seat
and position the leg
press belt around
your hips.
• Slide forward to the pulleys and place your feet through
the right and left openings under the pulleys.
• Attach the belt to
the cables and cinch
the adjustment strap
on the belt by
pulling the strap
until the belt is taut.
• Place hands on vertical main frame and push yourself
back while placing feet, one at a time, onto non-skid pads
on pulley frame.
• Grasp belt near
where it’s attached
to the cables and
begin to press back.
Using Your Machine
Using the Bowflex
Adjustable Pulley System
Using the Bowflex
Low Pulley/Squat Station
Using the Bowflex adjustable pulley system is as easy as
pulling a pin and expanding the pulley out.
Connect the low pulley/squat
station with the squat cables.
Pulley knobs are spring-loaded and are located on the back
of the adjustable pulley system. To extend the pulley,
simply twist the knob a couple of turns to the left, then
pull out. Next, pull the adjustable sleeve out away from the
machine until it clicks into the extended position. Then,
tighten the knob to lock the adjustable pulley into position.
Without any resistance attached,
thread the squat cables through
the low pulley. The black plastic
ball on the cable should rest
directly against the pulley and
should be on the far side of the
pulley, away from the machine.
Pulleys adjust position with the simple turn and
pull of a knob.
The adjustable
pulley system was
designed to
change the angle
of resistance to
increase the
effectiveness of
many upper body
exercises.
The squat cable has a loop at the
end. Fasten the loop with a snap
hook to the rod cables.
The squat cable feeds through
the low pulley.The black plastic
ball is on the side farthest away
from the Power Rods.
Next, fasten the squat cables to
the squat harness, using a snap hook.
And finally, attach the
squat harness to the squat
bar using a snap hook.
Use the pulley system in either the wide or narrow pulley
position. We’ve included a guide in each exercise so you
can use the pulley at the correct position.
Now you can add Power
Rod Resistance.
To avoid injury, do not attempt to use the pulley in the
wide position when the manual indicates to perform the
exercise in the narrow pulley position.
Make certain the
adjustable pulley system
is locked and secure
before adding any Power
Rod resistance to the
pulley.
Exercises in the wide
position may require a
lighter weight than
those in the
narrow position.
Squat Harness
Adjustment Buckle
Squat Cables
Rod Cables
The Bowflex Ultimate adjustable pulley system allows you to work the
same muscles from different angles, depending on the width of the
pulley angle.
Hooking up the low pulley/squat
station is easy. Once it’s
together, you can use it for a
wide variety of exercises —
including squats, flat bench
presses and bent over rows!
5
Using Your Machine
Using the Bowflex
Leg Extension/Leg Curl
Attachment
The Bowflex leg
extension/leg curl
attachment is a gymquality attachment that
helps you develop strong,
muscular legs.
Build back and shoulder muscles quickly with this
integrated lat tower. It is easy to set up and can get you on
track in no time at all.
To attach the tower, remove all Power Rod resistance. Be
certain the lat bar is secured to the lat bar rests. Remove the
lat tower cables from their storage holes, and let them
dangle from the lat bar.
Attaching the leg
extension/leg curl
attachment is as easy as
screwing in two knobs.
With all Power Rod
resistance off and with
the bench in the incline
position, move the
attachment to the end of
the sliding seat rail.
Using The Bowflex
Lat Tower
Using a snap hook, attach the loop from the lat tower
cables to the rod cables. Again, check that lat bar is secured
on the lat bar rests. Now you can add Power Rod resistance.
If you choose to use hand grips rather than the lat bar for
exercises, remove all Power Rod resistance from the lat
tower prior to exchanging the bar for hand grips.
The leg extension/leg curl attachment
uses two knobs to attach to the Bowflex,
at the end of the sliding seat rail.
Remove the knobs from the attachment and place the
attachment over the end of the seat rail. Line up the holes
and screw the knobs in. Make certain the attachment is
secure before sitting on it and before adding weight to the
cables.
Using a snap hook, attach the loops at the end of the leg
attachment cables to the rod cables. Once this is
accomplished, you are ready to add Power Rod resistance to
the attachment.
To set up for leg curls, simply remove the quick release
bench and place it onto the hinge of the leg extension/leg
curl seat.
When not in use, leg
extension/leg curl cables can be
stored in clips located directly
under the Power Rods, along the
path of the sliding seat rail.
When not in use, lat tower cables
store easily in storage hole in the
lat tower. Simply push the cables
into the hole, so they’re out of
sight and out of the way.
Using Your Machine
Folding & Moving
Your Bowflex
Folding and moving your Bowflex is easy. Follow the simple
steps below to fold your Bowflex. Once it’s folded, simply tilt
the machine back on its transport wheels and roll it to any
location
1
2
3
4
5
6
1. Remove the leg attachment from the Bowflex, if attached.
2. Lock the seat and bench into place using the spring lock
seat pin.
3. Hook cables into cable storage loops.
4. Bind the Power Rods® with the rod binding strap.
5. Remove the threaded knob on the platform.
6. Tilt the bench up to the Power Rods®.
7. Screw the threaded knob into the end of the sliding seat rail.
Maintenance & Care Of Your Bowflex:
Your Bowflex requires very little maintenance. To keep your
Bowflex in top condition check all fasteners and rod caps
before each workout and tighten as needed.
Clean the bench with a non abrasive cleaner after each use.
This will keep it looking new. Any non abrasive household
cleaner or soap works well. Many automotive interior cleaners
make surfaces too “slick” and should not be used.
If you have any questions regarding maintenance
please call our customer service department at
1-800-269-3539.
8
7
About Your Bowflex Attachments
The Bowflex Leg Extension /
Leg Curl Attachment
The Adjustable
Pulley System
This attachment is designed to add more effectiveness to all
exercise routines where “leg work” is required.
This attachment is specifically designed to enhance the
bench press and shoulder press exercises by changing the
angle of resistance. The attachment is mounted on the rear
of the machine and serves to widen the angle of resistance
to create a more effective exercise. To use the adjustable
pulley system, first remove any Power Rod resistance. Then
unscrew the pin on the back and pull it out slightly until
you can slide the pulley away from the machine. Slide the
pulley only until it clicks into place and then push the pin
forward to lock it into place. Make certain the pins are
completely locked in place before you use the adjustable
pulley system.
Safety
• Before using the attachment, make sure all fasteners are
in place and tightened.
• Make sure the attachment's
cables are securely fastened to
the regular Bowflex cables.
• Always use the supplied
threaded knobs to
secure the attachment
to your Bowflex.
The Bowflex Lat Pulldown
The lat pulldown tower enhances several exercises that
work the back and triceps muscles.
Safety
• Before using the lat tower, make sure all fasteners are in
place and tightened.
• Make sure the cables are
securely fastened to the
regular Bowflex cables.
• Always use the “Bar
Holders” to support the lat
pulldown bar or remove
the bar when not in use.
• Do not hang from the lat
tower and do not attempt to
do chin ups from the bar.
• Never pull on the bar or
handle unless there is
resistance attached to it.
Safety
• Before using the
attachment make
sure all fasteners
are in place and
tightened.
• Always check fasteners,
hooks, cables and
each workout to ensure
functioning.
The Low Pulley/
Squat Station
Use this station to do squats, bent over rows and more.
Exercises performed here work your legs and most of your
other lower body muscles. Plus you can use it for serious
upper body workouts, too!
Safety
• Always wear shoes with non-skid soles when using the
low pulley/squat attachment.
• Always adjust cable travel
and tension of the squat
harness in such a manner
that it will not cause a hazard.
• Always check fasteners, snap
hooks, cables and pulleys
before each workout to ensure
proper functioning.
8
snap
pulleys before
proper
WARNING!
Before beginning any exercise program consult
your physician or health care professional. Only he
or she can determine the exercise program that is
appropriate for your particular age and condition.
If you experience any lightheadedness, dizziness, or
shortness of breath while exercising, stop the
exercise and consult your physician.
For Your Safety
Please Follow These Instructions
• Keep your body weight centered on the machine, bench,
or standing platform while exercising.
• When using the Bowflex for standing leg exercises,
always grasp the Power Rods® for stability.
• When hooking up Power Rods® do not stand directly
looking over the top of the rods. Stand off to the side
while attaching rods.
• Never attempt to exercise with more resistance than you
are physically able to handle.
• Keep out of the path of the Power Rods® when exercising
and make certain that observers also stand clear of the
Bowflex when the Power Rods® are in use.
• Keep cables and Power Rods® bound with the rod binding
strap when the Bowflex is not in use.
• Never move or adjust the bench while sitting or lying on
the Bench. Never stand on the bench.
• Make sure adjustable pulley system’s adjustment pins are
securely tightened before use.
• Before exercising, make sure the spring lock seat pin is
securely fastened and the bench is firmly in place.
• Inspect your machine before each workout. Periodically
check all fasteners to make sure none have loosened with
use. Tighten if necessary.
9
Defining Your Goals
Your body will do what you train it to do. That’s why it’s important to define your goals and focus on those goals. Here are
some fitness components that will help you define your goals and choose your fitness program.
MUSCLE STRENGTH is the maximum force you can exert
against resistance at one time. Your muscle strength comes
into play when you pick up a heavy bag of groceries or lift
a small child. It is developed when a localized muscle is
worked both positively (concentric) and negatively
(eccentric) at a resistance great enough to perform only five
to eight repetitions of the exercise before the muscle fails.
Each set of repetitions is followed by a rest interval that
typically runs three times longer than the set. Later,
between exercise sessions, the muscle overcompensates for
the stress and usually increases in both strength and size.
MUSCLE ENDURANCE is the ability to perform repeated
contractions. It comes into play when you cross-country ski
or work on your feet all day. Endurance training addresses
the slow twitch, endurance muscle fibers, which depend on
oxygen for energy. To develop muscle endurance, use low
resistance and high repetitions — about 15-20 repetitions
in each set, three sets to each exercise, working the muscle
only to fatigue.
MUSCLE POWER is the combination of strength and speed
of the muscular contraction. This is often misinterpreted as:
a) Being directly associated with certain skill or sport
and/or
b) Meaning that you must move fast.
Load is actually a more important factor than speed when
attempting to improve power. When training to achieve
muscular power, pick a resistance that fatigues you in the 35 repetition range. When performing these reps, it is more
important to think of contracting the muscles faster rather
than attempting to move faster. Performing sport simulation
exercises usually results in a deterioration of the motor
pattern or skill. The biomechanically sound method of
improving power in your sport is to train for power using
the correct joint movements, as described in this manual.
Then practice the skill associated with your sport, learning
to apply this newly achieved power.
10
BODY COMPOSITION is the ratio of fat weight (fat) to
lean weight (muscles, bones and tissue). As you age, the
ratio shifts. The fat weight increases and the lean weight
decreases. Training for muscle strength will generally
increase muscle size and aerobic conditioning will help burn
extra calories. Performing these two forms of exercise, either
at different times or together, will create the greatest changes
in body fat weight.
BALANCED STRENGTH and alignment is the result of
equal strength developed in all parts of the body. It comes
into play in your standing and sitting posture, and in your
ability to perform just about any activity safely and
effectively. An over-development of the back will round the
shoulders; weak or stretched abdominals can cause lower
back pain. You want a balance of muscle strength in front
and back. In addition, you need a balance of strength
between your middle, lower, and upper body.
FLEXIBILITY is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles
to move the joint through a full range of motion. Flexibility
comes into play when you execute an overhand serve or
stretch for the top shelf in the kitchen. It is a cooperative
movement of opposite muscle groups. When a muscle
contracts, its opposite muscle group must relax for the
action to occur. Increased flexibility means an increased
range of motion, made possible by this simultaneous
contracting and relaxing. Good flexibility is important in
protecting the body from injury and can be achieved
through the balanced strength training programs included
in this manual.
CARDIOVASCULAR ENDURANCE is the ability of the
heart and lungs to supply oxygen and nutrients to
exercising muscles over an extended period of time. It
comes into play when you jog a mile or ride a bike. It is a
critical component of overall fitness and health. Any
exercise program must be supplemented with
cardiovascular training, such as rowing on the Bowflex.
Defining Your Goals
Reaching Your Goals
To reach your goals you must follow a consistent, well
designed program that provides balanced development to
all parts of the body and includes both aerobic and strength
exercise. Only then will you meet your goals safely and
efficiently.
The workout routines found in this manual are
professionally designed and written to target specific fitness
goals. Should you not find one specific program to your
liking, you can design your own, based on sound
information and the principles found in this manual.
Designing Your Own Program
You may want to design your own personal program
specifically geared to your goals and lifestyle. Designing a
program is easy, as long as you follow these guidelines.
Understand fitness and its components: Improperly
designed programs can be dangerous. Take some time to
review this manual as well as other fitness guides.
Know your current fitness level: Before you start any
fitness program you should consult a physician who will
help you determine your current abilities.
Remember your cardiovascular component: Any fitness
program must contain a cardiovascular fitness component
to be complete. So complement your resistance training
with aerobic exercise such as walking, running, bicycling or
rowing on the Bowflex.
Training variables: When designing your own program
there are several variables that, when mixed properly, will
equal the right fitness formula for you. In order to find the
best formula, you must experiment with several
combinations of variables. The variables are as follows:
• Training Frequency: The number of times you train per
week. We recommend daily activity but not daily
training of the same muscle group.
• Training Intensity: The amount of resistance used during
your repetition.
• Training Volume: The number of repetitions and sets
performed.
• Rest intervals: The time you rest between sets and the
time you rest between workouts.
Once you’ve established a base of fitness, follow these basic
principles:
• Isolate muscle groups: Focus work on specific muscle
groups.
• Progressive Loading: The gradual systematic increase of
repetitions, resistance and exercise period.
Identify your goals: Goals are critical to choosing and
designing an exercise program that fits and enhances your
lifestyle, but so is strategy. It’s important not to rush the
process and try to accomplish too much too soon. That will
lead to setbacks and discouragement. Instead, set a series of
smaller achievable goals.
Select complementary exercises: Be sure to pair exercises
that address compound joint movements and single joint
movements. In addition, select exercises that address
complementary muscle groups.
Put first things first: During each session, first work those
muscle groups that need the most training.
11
Exercising Properly
Working Out
Breathing
A workout begins in your mind’s eye. With concentration
and visualization you can approach your workout with a
positive, constructive attitude. A good pre-workout mental
routine is to sit and relax, so you can focus on what you are
about to do and think about achieving your end goal.
The most important part of breathing during exercise is,
quite simply, that you do it. Breathing in or out during the
actual performance is not dependent upon the direction of
air flow relative to exertion. It is, in fact, a mechanical
process that changes the position of your spine as your rib
cage moves. Here are some tips for breathing:
Warming Up
We recommend that you warm up by rowing on the
Bowflex.
1) Be cautious when you are concentrating or exerting
effort. This is when you will probably hold your breath.
DO NOT hold your breath. Do not exaggerate breathing.
Depth of inhalation and exhalation should be natural for
the situation.
Aerobic Rowing Position:
• Remove bench, unlock the seat.
2) Allow breathing to occur naturally. Don’t force it.
• Sit on the seat facing the Power Rods®.
• Grab the handles and keep the arms straight to the front.
• Position the arches of your feet on the footrest of the
machine, knees bent comfortably.
• Sit up straight with your spine in good alignment.
Performing Your Routine
The workout portion of your fitness routine is the series of
exercises devoted to your particular goals. Remember, make
sure to have fun!
Cool Down
An essential part of the exercise routine is the cool down.
Gradually reduce the level of exercise intensity so that
blood does not accumulate in one muscle group, but
continues to circulate at a decreasing rate. We recommend
the rowing exercise for the cool down. Remember to
gradually move yourself into a relaxed state.
START
FINISH
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by extending the knees while
simultaneously bending the arms and pinching the
shoulder blades together.
• With the arms passing by the sides of your trunk,
the handles should be near your torso as the knees
near extension.
Key Points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment — keep your chest
lifted.
• If you bend forward during the return toward the
Power Rods, bend at the hips, not the waist.
12
The Workouts
20 MINUTE BETTER BODY WORKOUT
FREQUENCY: 3 DAYS PER WEEK (M-W-F)
TIME: ABOUT 20 MINUTES
Start by performing one set of each exercise. Warm up with a light resistance exercise that you can perform easily for 5 -10 reps without fatiguing. Focus
on practicing and learning your technique before increasing the resistance. Then move to a more challenging resistance you can perform for no less than
10 reps and no more than 15 reps without your form deteriorating. As you become stronger, you can advance to two sets for each exercise. Complete all
sets of each exercise before moving on to the next. Rest 30 to 45 seconds between sets. Move slowly on each rep. Use a pace that will allow you to stop the
movement instantly at any point in the rep. Count three seconds up and three seconds down and work to fatigue during each set.
Body Part
Chest
Back
Shoulders
Arms
Legs
Trunk
Exercise
Bench Press
Seated Lat Rows
Standing Lateral Shoulder Raise
Standing Biceps Curl
Lying Triceps Extension
Leg Extension
Leg Curl
Seated (Straight Leg) Calf Raise
Low Back Extension
Resisted Abdominal Crunch
Sets
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
Reps
10-15
10-15
10-15
10-15
10-15
10-15
10-15
10-15
10-15
10-15
ADVANCED GENERAL CONDITIONING
FREQUENCY: 4 DAYS PER WEEK (M-T-Th-F)
TIME: ABOUT 35-45 MINUTES
When you are proficient in performing the exercise techniques of the above routine and are no longer realizing results, or if you become bored, it is time to
change your program. You can increase your training with this “split system” routine that works opposing muscle groups on different days. To do this,
you’ll increase your resistance when you can perform 12 reps perfectly, and you’ll increase your volume by performing more sets and more exercises. Move
slowly on each rep. Use a pace that will allow you to stop the movement instantly at any point in the rep. Count three seconds up and three seconds down
and work to fatigue during each set.
Day 1 & 3
Body Part
Chest
Shoulders
Arms
Legs
Day 2 & 4
Body Part
Back
Shoulders
Arms
Trunk
Exercise
Bench Press (Wide Pulley)
Seated Shoulder Press
Seated Triceps Extension
French Press
Leg Press
Leg Curl
Seated (Straight Leg) Calve Raise
Sets
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
Reps
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
Exercise
Seated Lat Rows
Narrow Pulldowns
Rear Deltoid Rows
Standing Biceps Curl
Reverse Grip Barbell Curls
Low Back Extension
Seated Resisted Abdominal Crunch
Reverse Crunch
Sets
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
Reps
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
13
The Workouts
20 MINUTE UPPER/LOWER BODY
FREQUENCY: 4 DAYS PER WEEK (M-T-Th-F)
TIME: ABOUT 20 MINUTES
This program provides you with a quick and effective workout that combines muscle conditioning with some cardiovascular benefits. Do this routine when
you are limited in time or just want a variation to your normal routine. Perform this program training 2 days, resting 1 to 2. Perform all exercises to near
failure, stopping at the point that your technique starts to deteriorate. Rest only 20-30 seconds between sets. As you get stronger, increase the number of
sets you perform. Move slowly on each rep. Use a pace that will allow you to stop the movement instantly at any point in the rep. Count three seconds up
and three seconds down and work to fatigue during each set.
DAY 1 & 3
Body Part
Chest
Back
Shoulders
Arms
Exercise
Bench Press
Wide Pulldowns
Standing Lateral Shoulder Raise
Standing Biceps Curl
French Press
Sets
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
Reps
12-15
12-15
12-15
12-15
12-15
DAY 2 & 4
Body Part
Legs
Exercise
Leg Extension
Seated Leg Curl
Standing Hip Extension
Seated (Straight Leg) Calf Raise
Low Back Extension
Seated Resisted Abdominal Crunch
Sets
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-3
Reps
12-15
12-15
12-15
12-15
10-12
10-12
Trunk
14
The Workouts
BODY BUILDING
FREQUENCY: 3 DAYS ON, 1 DAY OFF
TIME: ABOUT 45-60 MINUTES
Body building requires focused concentration and dedication to training, as well as proper eating habits. Train each muscle group to failure before moving
on to the next exercise. Do not neglect any muscle group. If needed, include an aerobic activity to increase your caloric expenditure and help to reduce
your body fat levels to achieve a defined muscular look. Rest 30-60 seconds between each set and exercise. Focus on proper form. Tighten the muscle
before you move, squeeze the muscle as you move, cramp the muscle at the point of full contraction, and resist the movement as you lower the weight.
Move slowly on each rep. Use a pace that will allow you to stop the movement instantly at any point in the rep. Count three seconds up and three
seconds down and work to fatigue during each set.
DAY 1
Body Part
Chest
Shoulders
DAY 2
Body Part
Back
Arms
DAY 3
Body Part
Legs
Trunk
Exercise
Bench Press (Wide Pulley)
Chest Fly
Seated Shoulder Press
Rear Deltoid Rows
Standing Lateral Shoulder Raise
Shoulder Shrug
Sets
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
Reps
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
Exercise
Seated Lat Rows
Narrow Pulldowns
Standing Biceps Curl
Reverse Grip Barbell Curls
Lying Triceps Extension
French Press
Sets
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
Reps
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
Exercise
Leg Press
Leg Extension
Standing Hip Extension
Leg Curl
Seated (Straight Leg) Calf Raise
Low Back Extensions
Seated Resisted Abdominal Crunch
Seated Resisted Oblique Crunch
Aerobic Rowing
Sets
Reps
2-4
8-12
2-4
8-12
2-4
8-12
1-3
8-12
2-4
12-15
2-4
8-12
2-4
8-12
2-4
8-12
Progress up to
15-25 minutes
15
The Workouts
CIRCUIT TRAINING - ANAEROBIC/CARDIOVASCULAR
FREQUENCY: 2-3 TIMES PER WEEK
TIME: ABOUT 20-45 MINUTES
Circuit training is a great way to achieve the benefits of strength training and cardiovascular training in one quick, challenging routine. The idea is to move
quickly from exercise to exercise, taking only as much rest between sets as it takes to set up the next exercise (less than 20 seconds). One circuit equals
one set of each exercise. Initially, start with completing one round of Circuit 1. Then add an additional round of the same circuit. Once you reach three
rounds of Circuit 1, add one round of Circuit 2. Add additional rounds of Circuit 2 as your fitness level increases. Repeat process with Circuit 3. Do not
let your heart rate exceed 220 minus your age. Perform each rep of each exercise slowly and with perfect technique. Count three seconds up and three
seconds down. Warm-up with 5-15 minutes of rowing or some other aerobic exercise before starting your circuits.
16
Circuit 1
Body Part
Chest
Legs
Back
Legs
Trunk
Exercise
Bench Press
Leg Press
Seated Lat Row
Seated Leg Curl
Seated Resisted Abdominal Crunch
Reps
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
Circuit 2
Body Part
Shoulders
Legs
Back
Trunk
Arms
Exercise
Seated Shoulder Press
Lying Leg Extension
Lying Lat Pulldowns
Low Back Extensions
Standing Biceps Curl
Reps
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
Circuit 3
Body Part
Shoulders
Arms
Legs
Trunk
Legs
Exercise
Rear Deltoid Rows
Lying Triceps Extensions
Leg Curls
Seated Resisted Oblique Crunch
Seated (Straight Leg) Calf Raise
Reps
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
The Workouts
TRUE AEROBIC CIRCUIT TRAINING
FREQUENCY: 2-3 TIMES PER WEEK
TIME: ABOUT 20-60 MINUTES
Circuit training is a great way to achieve the benefits of strength training and cardiovascular training in one quick, challenging routine. By returning to the
aerobic rowing exercise between each set you are increasing your aerobic capacity, endurance and burning fat as energy. The idea is to move quickly from
exercise to exercise, taking only as much rest between sets as it takes to set up the next exercise (less than 20 seconds). One circuit equals one set of each
exercise. Initially, start with completing one round of Circuit 1. Then add an additional round of the same circuit. Once you reach three rounds of Circuit
1, add one round of Circuit 2. Add additional rounds of Circuit 2 as your fitness level increases. Repeat process with Circuit 3. Do not let your heart rate
exceed 220 minus your age. Perform each rep of each exercise slowly and with perfect technique. Count three seconds up and three seconds down.
Warm-up with 5-15 minutes of rowing or some other aerobic exercise before starting your circuits.
Circuit 1
Circuit 2
Body Part
Chest
Aerobic Rowing
Legs
Aerobic Rowing
Back
Aerobic Rowing
Legs
Aerobic Rowing
Trunk
Aerobic Rowing
Exercise
Bench Press
30 - 60 Seconds
Leg Press
30 - 60 Seconds
Seated Lat Rows
30 - 60 Seconds
Seated Leg Curl
30 - 60 Seconds
Seated Resisted Abdominal Crunch
30 - 60 Seconds
Reps
8-12
Body Part
Shoulders
Aerobic Rowing
Legs
Aerobic Rowing
Back
Aerobic Rowing
Trunk
Aerobic Rowing
Arms
Exercise
Seated Shoulder Press
30 - 60 Seconds
Lying Leg Extension
30 - 60 Seconds
Lying Lat Pulldowns
30 - 60 Seconds
Low Back Extension
30 - 60 Seconds
Standing Biceps Curl
Reps
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
17
The Workouts
STRENGTH TRAINING
FREQUENCY: 3 DAYS PER WEEK (M-W-F)
TIME: ABOUT 45-60 MINUTES
This program is designed to emphasize overall strength development. This is an advanced routine to be used only after you have progressed from the
advanced general conditioning routine and only after you have perfected your exercise techniques. Work each set to near exhaustion. If you can perform
more than 5 to 8 reps, you should increase your resistance 5 lbs. and decrease your reps to 5. Rest 60 - 120 seconds between each set and exercise. Focus
on proper form. Tighten the muscle before you move, squeeze the muscle as you move, cramp the muscle at the point of full contraction, and resist the
movement as you lower the weight. Move slowly on each rep. Use a pace that will allow you to stop the movement instantly at any point in the rep. Count
two seconds up and four seconds down and work to fatigue during each set.
Day 1
Body Part
Chest
Shoulders
Day 2
Body Part
Back
Arms
Day 3
Body Part
Legs
Trunk
18
Exercise
Bench Press (wide pulley)
Chest Fly (wide pulley)
Seated Shoulder Press
Standing Lateral Shoulder Raise
Rear Deltoid Rows
Shoulder Shrug
Sets
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
Reps
5-8
5-8
5-8
5-8
5-8
5-8
Exercise
Barbell Bent Over Row
Wide Pulldowns
Standing Biceps Curl
Reverse Grip Barbell Curls
Seated Triceps Extension
Standing Triceps Pushdown
Sets
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
Reps
5-8
5-8
5-8
5-8
5-8
5-8
Exercise
The Squat
Lying Prone Leg Curl
Seated Leg Curl
Seated (Straight Leg) Calf Raise
Low Back Extension
Seated Resisted Abdominal Crunch
Sets
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
Reps
5-8
5-8
5-8
5-8
8-12
5-8
Chest Exercises
BENCH PRESS — Shoulder Horizontal Adduction (and elbow extension)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
chest muscles (pectoralis major). It also involves
the front shoulder muscles (anterior deltoid, a
portion of the middle deltoid) and the triceps,
which are located on the back of the upper arm.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow (Wide offers a
greater challenge throughout the entire range on
specific movements, especially at the top of
these movements. This can make these exercises
even more effective. However, when both pulley
positions are listed as options, do not attempt to
use the same weight for each position).
Starting Position:
• Seated in the 45 degree position, reach
straight behind your body, grasp the handles,
and bend your elbows until your hands are
near your chest. Rotate your upper arms away
from your torso so your elbows are pointing
outward and your palms are facing forward.
• Keeping knees bent and feet flat on the floor,
lay your head back against the bench and
straighten your arms to the front.
• Be sure your arms are directly "in line" with
the cables (cables lying along the backs of
your arms and center of the shoulders),
palms facing forward and wrists straight.
• Raise your chest and slightly "pinch" your
shoulder blades together. Maintain a very
slight, comfortable arch in your lower back.
Motion:
• Slowly move your elbows outward while
simultaneously bending your arms so your
forearms remain parallel to each other and
CHEST FLY —
the hands remain over the elbows throughout the movement. From the side view it
would appear as if the forearms are in-line
with the cables at all times.
• Stop when your upper arms are approximately straight out to the side (your elbows will be
level with your shoulders or slightly below).
• Then, slowly press forward, moving hands
toward the center. Return to starting position
with arms straight to the front at shoulder
width and in-line with the cables. Keep chest
muscles tight during the entire motion.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement - both arms pressing
forward at the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
pressing while the other is returning)
Key points:
• The upper arms will be 60-90 degrees from
the sides of your torso at the bottom of the
movement and approximately 90 degrees
from the front of your torso at the top.
• Control the range of motion so your elbows
travel only slightly behind your shoulders.
• Your shoulder blades may "float" forward and
backward naturally with the arm movement.
For increased pec involvement, keep the
shoulder blades "pinched" together throughout
both the upward and downward movements.
START
FINISH
Shoulder Horizontal Adduction (elbow stabilized in slight flexion)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
chest muscles (pectoralis major). It also involves
the front shoulder muscles (anterior deltoid).
Pulley position: Wide or narrow (Wide offers
a greater challenge throughout the entire range
on specific movements, especially at the top of
these movements. This can make these
exercises even more effective. However, when
both pulley positions are listed as options, do
not attempt to use the same weight for each
position).
Starting position:
• Seated in the 45 degree position, reach
straight behind your body, grasp the handles,
and bend your elbows until your hands are
near your chest. Rotate your upper arms
away from your torso so that your elbows
are pointing outward at each side and your
palms are facing forward.
• Keeping knees bent and feet flat on the floor,
lay your head back against the bench and
straighten your arms to the front.
• Be sure that your arms are directly "in line"
with the cables, palms facing forward and
wrists straight.
• Raise your chest and slightly "pinch" your
shoulder blades together. Maintain a very
slight, comfortable arch in your lower back.
Motion:
• Slowly move your arms outward,
maintaining the elbow in a slightly bent
position throughout the movement.
• Stop when your upper arms are
approximately straight out to the sides (your
elbows will be level with your shoulders or
very slightly below).
• Slowly return to starting position keeping
your chest muscles tightened during the
entire motion.
Key points:
• Maintain a 60-90 degree angle between the
upper arms and the torso throughout the
exercise.
• Limit and control the range of motion so
that your elbows travel only slightly behind
your shoulders if at all.
• For normal pressing/pushing patterns of
movement, your shoulder blades may "float"
forward and backward naturally with the
arm movement. For increased pec
involvement, keep the shoulder blades
"pinched" together throughout both the
upward and downward movements.
START
FINISH
19
Chest Exercises
INCLINE BENCH PRESS — Shoulder Horizontal Adduction (with elbow extension)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
chest muscles (pectoralis major), especially the
upper portion. It also involves the front
shoulder muscles (anterior deltoid, a portion
of the middle deltoid) and the triceps, which
are located on the back of the upper arm.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow (Wide offers
a greater challenge throughout the entire range
on specific movements, especially at the top of
these movements. This can make these
exercises even more effective. However, when
both pulley positions are listed as options, do
not attempt to use the same weight for each
position).
Starting position:
• Seated in the 45 degree position, reach
straight behind your body, grasp the handles,
and bend your elbows until your hands are
near your chest. Rotate your upper arms
away from your torso so that your elbows
are pointing outward to each side and your
palms are facing forward.
• Keeping knees bent and feet flat on the floor,
lay your head back against the bench and
straighten your arms to the front.
• You may also utilize the alternate incline
bench press position by placing your feet on
the forward leg of the Bowflex and using
your legs to slide the torso upward on the
bench so that your head is near the lat tower.
This will allow a greater incline of the arms
without losing alignment of the cables.
• From this position, raise your arms 10-15
degrees (cables touching the tops of your
arms/shoulders) above the regular bench
press position (cables lying along the backs
of your arms and center of the shoulders).
• Be sure that your arms are directly "in line"
with the cables, palms facing forward and
wrists straight. If the cables are "above" the
arms, too much elevation was introduced.
• Raise your chest and slightly "pinch" your
shoulder blades together. Maintain a very
slight, comfortable arch in your lower back.
20
Motion:
• Slowly move your elbows outward,
simultaneously bending your arms so that
your forearms remain parallel to each other
and the hands remain over the elbows
throughout the movement. From the side
view it should appear as if the forearms are
in line with the cables at all times.
• Stop when your upper arms are
approximately straight out to the sides (your
elbows will be level with your shoulders or
very slightly below).
• Then, slowly press forward/upward, moving
hands toward the center. Then return to
starting position with arms straight to the
front at shoulder width and in-line with the
cables. Keep your chest muscles tightened
during the entire motion.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement - both arms pressing
forward at the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
pressing while the other is returning).
Key points:
• The upper arms will be 60-90 degrees from
the sides of your torso at the bottom of the
movement and slightly more than 90 degrees
from the front of your torso at the top.
• Limit and control the range of motion so
that your elbows travel only slightly behind
your shoulders — if at all.
• For normal pressing/pushing patterns of
movement you may choose to allow the
shoulder blades to "float" forward and
backward naturally with the arm movement,
or for increased pec involvement you may
keep the shoulder blades "pinched" together
throughout both the upward and downward
movements.
START
FINISH
Chest Exercises
DECLINE BENCH PRESS - Shoulder Horizontal Adduction (with elbow extension)
Muscles worked: The entire chest muscle
(pectoralis major) is emphasized. It also involves
the front shoulder muscles (anterior deltoid, a
portion of the middle deltoid) and the triceps,
which are located on the back of the upper arms.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow (Wide offers a
greater challenge throughout the entire range
on specific movements, especially at the top of
these movements. This can make these exercises
even more effective. However, when both pulley
positions are listed as options, do not attempt to
use the same weight for each position).
Starting position:
• Seated in the incline position, reach straight
behind your body, grasp the handles with an
overhand grip and bend your elbows until
your hands are near your chest. Rotate upper
arms away from your torso so your elbows
point outward and your palms face forward.
• Make sure cables travel underneath your
arms, not over your arms.
• Keeping knees bent and feet flat on the floor,
lay your head back against the bench and
straighten your arms to the front.
• From this position, lower your arms 10-15
degrees (cables touching the bottom of your
arms/shoulders) below the regular bench
press position (cables lying along the back of
your arm and center of the shoulders).
• Be sure your arms are directly in-line with the
cables, palms facing forward and wrists straight.
If the cables are "below" the arms, the arms are
too low.
• Raise your chest and slightly "pinch" your
shoulder blades together. Maintain a very
slight, comfortable arch in your lower back.
Motion:
• Slowly move your elbows outward,
simultaneously bending your arms so that
your forearms remain parallel to each other
and the hands remain over the elbows
throughout the movement. From the side
view it should appear as if the forearms are
in line with the cables at all times.
• Stop when your upper arms are
approximately straight out to the sides (your
elbows will be level with your shoulders or
slightly below).
• Then, slowly press forward, moving the
hands toward the center, and return to the
starting position with arms straight to the
front at shoulder width and in line with the
cables. Keep your chest muscles tightened
during the entire motion.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement - both arms pressing
forward at the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
pressing while the other is returning).
Key points:
• The upper arms will be 60-90 degrees from
the sides of your torso at the bottom of the
movement and slightly less than 90 degrees
from the front of your torso at the top.
• Limit the range of motion so your elbows travel
only slightly behind your shoulders — if at all.
START
FINISH
RESISTED PUNCH — Shoulder Flexion, Elbow Extension and Scapular Protraction
Muscles worked: This exercise involves the
entire chest muscle, the front shoulder
muscles (anterior deltoid, a portion of the
middle deltoid) and the triceps, located on the
back of the upper arms. The goal however, is
not any specific muscle group. It is to be used
with very light resistance for an endurance
activity.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• With the bench flat and locked in the back
position against the lat tower, sit facing away
from the Power Rods®.
• Reach straight behind your body, grasp the
handles with an overhand grip so that the
cable will lay between your arm and your
torso.
• Bend your elbows until your hands are level
with your waistline and your palms are
facing your torso.
• Maintain erect posture.
Motion:
• Using a moderate speed and light weight, rotate
your trunk and press one arm forward to full
extension, allowing the shoulder blade to move
forward at the end of the punch.
• Return that arm to the starting position —
under control — and repeat with the other arm.
• As an alternative to punching straight
forward you may also punch upward at an
angle in line with the cable.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement – both arms pressing
forward at the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
pressing while the other is returning).
START
Key points:
• Maintain an upright, erect posture as your
trunk twists/rotates with the punch.
• It is important to note that "sport specific"
movements will not necessarily improve the
skill associated with a sport.
FINISH
21
Chest Exercises
LYING CABLE CROSSOVER — Shoulder extension/adduction (elbow stabilized near extension)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes
the chest (the pectoralis major muscles). The
triceps muscles, located on the back of the
upper arms, are also involved in maintaining
the elbow position and also help with shoulder
motion.
Motion:
• Move your hands in an arc upward angling
toward midline and then downward toward
the opposite leg.
• Control the return to the starting position by
slowly moving the arms back up, uncrossing,
and moving overhead.
Pulley position: Wide only.
Starting position:
• With the bench flat, lie on your back with
your head toward the Power Rods. Position
yourself far enough down the bench to allow
the arms to extend overhead without hitting
the Power Rods. Keep the knees bent and
feet flat on the floor.
• Extend the arms overhead and grasp the
handles with your palms facing the ceiling.
• Tighten your abdominals to stabilize your
spine while maintaining a very slight arch in
the lower back.
Key points:
• Keep your chest lifted, even as your arms
near your legs.
START
FINISH
FLAT BARBELL BENCH PRESS
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
chest muscles (pectoralis major). It also
involves the front shoulder muscles (anterior
deltoid, a portion of the middle deltoid) and
the triceps, which are located on the back of
the upper arm.
• Position your upper arms away from your
torso so that your elbows are pointing out at
each side.
• Raise your chest and slightly "pinch" your
shoulder blades together. Maintain a very
slight, comfortable arch in your lower back.
Pulley position: Low pulleys only.
Motion:
• Slowly press the bar upward until your
upper arms are straight, but do not lock the
elbows.
• Slowly lower the bar, returning to the
starting position.
• Keep your chest muscles tightened during
the entire motion.
Starting Position:
• Begin by adjusting the bar harness so that
you are under tension when you initiate the
pressing motion. NOTE: Not everyone is
built to perform the bench press with the bar
touching the chest! The harness adjustment
should limit the range of motion so that
your elbows travel only slightly behind your
shoulders if at all.
• Lie flat on the bench with your legs toward
the power rod. Slide your head and
shoulders up under the bar to get into
position. The cable/bar harness should lie
against the underside of your arms.
• Warning: Never adjust the bar so tightly that
you have to "squeeze under it" to get into
position. Always adjust the bar with the
harness so you can move freely into and out
of the position.
• Place your feet either on the floor or up on
the frame of the machine.
22
START
Key points:
• Do not lift your hips off the bench.
• Keep your hands over your shoulders at all
times.
• For normal pressing/pushing patterns of
movement you may choose to allow the
shoulder blades to "float" forward and
backward naturally with the arm movement,
or for increased pec involvement you may
keep the shoulder blades "pinched" together
throughout both the upward and downward
movements.
FINISH
Shoulder Exercises
SEATED SHOULDER PRESS — Shoulder Abduction (with elbow extension)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
front portion of the shoulder muscles (front
deltoids as well as the front part of the middle
deltoids), the rotator cuff muscles, the upper
back muscles (trapezius), and the triceps
muscles located on the back of the upper arms.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow (Wide offers a
greater challenge throughout the entire range
on specific movements, especially at the top of
these movements. This can make these
exercises even more effective. However, when
both pulley positions are listed as options, do
not attempt to use the same weight for each
position).
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing away from the Power
Rods, knees bent and feet flat on the floor.
• You may sit back against the lat tower, or
you may choose to sit forward away from the
tower and remaining free from back support,
thereby increasing the challenge of spinal
stabilization as part of the exercise.
• Keep your chest up, abdominals tight and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
• Grasp the handles with palms facing away
from the machine.
• Raise handles to just above shoulder level,
keeping palms facing forward.
Motion:
• Straighten the arms upward, focusing on a
final point either directly overhead or
slightly forward over the forehead as
comfort/shoulder range dictates.
• Slowly return to starting position keeping
tension in the front shoulder muscles.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement - both arms pressing at
the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
pressing while the other is returning).
START
Key points:
• Keep the chest up and abdominals tight
throughout the entire motion to maintain
good spinal alignment.
• Do not let the arch increase in the lower
back while pressing up.
FINISH
FRONT SHOULDER PRESS — Shoulder Flexion (elbow stabilized near extension)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
front portion of the shoulder muscles (front
deltoids as well as the front part of the middle
deltoids).
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing away from the Power
Rods, knees bent and feet flat on the floor.
• You may sit back against the lat tower, or
you may choose to sit forward away from the
tower and remaining free from support,
thereby increasing the challenge of spinal
stabilization as part of the exercise.
• Keep your chest up, abdominals tight and
maintain a slight arch in your lower back.
• Grasp handles with your palms facing
backward and arms straight at your sides.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement - both arms raising at the
same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
raising while the other is returning).
Key points:
• Keep the chest lifted and the abdominals
tightened throughout the entire motion and
maintain good spinal alignment.
• Do not increase the arch in your lower back
while lifting your arms.
START
Motion:
• Keeping your arms straight and your palms
down, move your arms forward and then
upward to shoulder height.
• Slowly return the arms beside the torso and
repeat.
FINISH
23
Shoulder Exercises
REAR DELTOID ROWS
— Shoulder Horizontal Abduction (with elbow flexion)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
back portion of the shoulder muscles (the rear
deltoids, as well as the rear portion of the
middle deltoids, the posterior rotator cuff,
upper lat and teres major) as well as the
trapezius and rhomboids.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow.
Starting Position:
• Sit on the bench facing the Power Rods,
knees bent and your feet on the platform.
• Cross the handles and grasp with your palms
facing down and arms straight (right hand
on left handle and vice versa).
• Sit up straight and then bend over slightly
from the hips (not the spine) until
arms/cables are in front of body at a 90
degree angle to your torso.
• Lift your chest and slightly pinch your
shoulder blades together.
Motion:
• Allowing your arms to bend as you go, move
your elbows outward and backward keeping
a 70-90 degree angle between your upper
arms and the sides of your torso.
• Your forearms should always point in the
direction of the cables.
• Move until your elbows are slightly behind
your shoulders, then slowly reverse the
motion keeping the rear shoulder muscles
tightened during the entire motion.
STANDING LATERAL RAISE
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement - both arms rowing at
the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
rowing while the other is returning).
Key points:
• Maintain a 90 degree angle between your
upper arms and the sides of your torso
during the exercise.
• For normal pulling /rowing patterns of
movement you may choose to allow the
shoulder blades to "float" forward and
backward naturally with the arm movement,
or for increased rear deltoid involvement you
may keep the shoulder blades "pinched"
together throughout both the forward and
backward movements.
START
FINISH
— Shoulder Abduction (elbow stabilized)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
side shoulder muscles (middle deltoids), the
top muscle of the rotator cuff (supraspinatus)
and the trapezius muscles.
Key points:
• DO NOT swing the arms upward or move
the trunk during the motion.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and stand on the platform
straddling the rail and facing the Power
Rods.
• Grasp the handles with palms facing toward
each other.
• Attain erect spinal posture.
• Let your arms hang directly in line with the
cables.
START
Motion:
• Raise your arms directly out to the sides to
almost shoulder level.
• Lift your elbow and hand at the same speed
and do not let one get ahead of the other.
• Do not turn/rotate your arms while raising
them. Keep the side of your arm/elbow
facing out/up throughout the movement.
• Slowly bring your arms into the starting
position without relaxing.
FINISH
24
Shoulder Exercises
SEATED LATERAL SHOULDER RAISE
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
side shoulder muscles (middle deltoids), the
top muscle of the rotator cuff (supraspinatus)
and the trapezius muscles.
— Shoulder Abduction (elbow stabilized)
Key points:
• DO NOT swing the arms upward or move
the trunk during the motion.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing the Power Rods,
knees bent and your feet on the platform.
• Spread the cuff from the handle and slide it
over the opposite forearm near the elbow
(left handle over right forearm and vice
versa).
• Sit up straight and maintain erect posture.
START
Motion:
• Raise your arms directly out to the sides to
almost shoulder level.
• At the top of the movement you may need to
rotate your hands slightly above the level of
your elbows to prevent the cuffs from sliding
to your wrists.
• Slowly bring your arms into the starting
position near your sides without relaxing.
FINISH
SCAPULAR PROTRACTION
(elbow stabilized)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
serratus anterior muscles, the muscles that can
be seen on the side of the upper rib cage, and
are involved in pushing and overhead
movements.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow
Starting position:
• Seated in the 45 degree position, reach
straight behind your body, grasp the handles
with an overhand grip, and bend your
elbows until your hands are near your chest.
Rotate your upper arms away from your
torso so that your elbows are pointing
outward to each side and your palms are
facing forward.
• Keeping knees bent and feet flat on the floor,
lay your head back against the bench and
straighten your arms to the front.
• Be sure that your arms are directly “in line”
with the cables, palms facing down and
wrists straight.
• Raise your chest and "pinch" your shoulder
blades together. Maintain a very slight,
comfortable arch in your lower back.
Motion:
• Keeping your arms straight and pointing the
same direction of the cables, slowly move
your shoulder blades forward off of the
bench, as if shoving your arms straight
ahead.
• Slowly return to the starting position
without bending your arms.
Key points:
• Maintain a 90 degree angle between upper
arms and your torso throughout the exercise.
• Keep your elbows straight.
• Do not slouch forward in the upper spine to
further the motion. Maintain a very slight
arch in your lower back at all times.
START
FINISH
25
Shoulder Exercises
SCAPULAR DEPRESSION
Muscles worked: This exercise involves your
lower trapezius muscles, and latissimus dorsi
muscles. Both act as stabilizers and movers of
your shoulder blades. This motion of scapula
depression is very important in posture as well
as when using the arms to raise from a chair. It
is also involved in overhead pulling exercises.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow.
Motion:
• Keeping the chest up and arms straight, slide
your shoulder blades toward your hips
(hands sliding along outer thighs).
• When shoulder blades are fully depressed,
slowly return to the starting position.
Key points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment, keep your
chest lifted.
Starting position:
• With the bench flat, lie on your back with
your head toward the Power Rods, knees
bent, and feet flat on the floor.
• Grasp the handles and straighten your arms
down along side your trunk.
• Tighten your trunk muscles to stabilize your
spine while maintaining a very slight arch in
the lower back.
START
FINISH
SHOULDER ROTATOR CUFF — Internal Rotation
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
front rotator cuff muscle (subscapularis).
Pulley position: Wide or narrow.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench with one side toward the
Power Rods. Maintain good spinal
alignment.
• Grasp the handle nearest you and draw the
upper arm into your side, keeping your
elbow bent.
• Distance yourself on the bench to eliminate
slack in the cable.
• Use a light resistance. This is not a powerful
movement.
Key points:
• Control the motion during the entire
exercise.
• Do not rotate the spine to get additional
range of motion. Try for “pure” rotation of
the shoulder joint. More is not better!
• Use light resistance only. Pick a resistance
that you can perform 12-15 perfect reps.
START
Motion:
• Rotate your forearm toward your abdomen,
keeping your elbow by your side during the
entire motion.
• Slowly return to the starting position.
FINISH
26
Shoulder Exercises
SHOULDER ROTATOR CUFF
— External Rotation
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
rear portion of the rotator cuff (infraspinatus
and teres minor muscles). This area generally
gets very weak as we age and needs to be
addressed by almost everyone.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench with one side toward the
Power Rods. Maintain good spinal
alignment.
• Using the arm farthest from the rods, reach
across your body, grasp the handle nearest
you and draw that arm back into your side,
keeping your elbow bent.
• Allow your forearm to rest against your
abdomen and your elbow against your side,
taking out some of the slack or tension in
the cables.
Key points:
• Control the motion during the entire
exercise.
• Do not rotate the spine to get additional
range of motion. Try for "pure" external
rotation of the shoulder joint. More is not
better!
• Use light resistance only. Pick a resistance
that allows you to perform 12 — 15 reps.
START
Motion:
• Rotate your forearm away from your
abdomen and out to the side, keeping your
elbow/upper arm by your side during the
entire motion.
• Slowly return to the starting position.
FINISH
SHOULDER EXTENSION
— Elbows Stabilized
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes
your upper back (the latissimus dorsi, teres
major and rear deltoid muscles), as well as the
muscles between your shoulder blades (middle
trapezius and rhomboid muscles). The triceps
muscles, located on the back of the upper
arms, are worked throughout the entire
motion as they try to prevent the elbows from
bending.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement — both arms extending
at the same time.
• Unilateral movement — performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating — performing one rep on one
side and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating — both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
extending while the other is returning).
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• With the bench flat, sit facing the Power
Rods, knees bent, and feet flat on the floor.
• Grasp the handles with your palms facing
down and back.
• Slide back to create tension at the start of the
motion.
• Tighten your trunk muscles to stabilize your
spine while maintaining a very slight arch in
the lower back.
Motion:
• Simultaneously "pinch" your shoulder blades
together and moving your hands in an arc
downward and backward below your hips.
• Slowly return to the starting position
allowing your shoulder blades to move
forward with your arms.
Key points:
• Do not slouch — keep chest lifted and spine
erect.
• Keep the lats tightened throughout the
entire motion.
START
FINISH
27
Shoulder Exercises
SHOULDER SHRUG
— Scapular Elevation
Key points:
• Do not bend the neck backward or forward
while raising the shoulders.
• Do not slouch upon lowering the shoulders
• Keep the spine in erect alignment
throughout the entire motion.
• Make sure both shoulders raise evenly.
Muscles worked: The primary muscles
emphasized are the upper trapezius and
associated smaller muscles of the region.
Pulley position: Narrow or wide.
Starting position:
• Stand on the platform facing the Power
Rods. Reach down and grasp the handles
with the palms facing each other or facing
backward, as comfort dictates.
• Let your arms hang extending in the
direction of the pulleys.
START
Motion:
• Raise your shoulders toward the back of
your head, making sure your neck/head
position does not move.
• Slowly allow the shoulders to return
downward without slouching or rounding
the upper spine.
FINISH
BARBELL SHOULDER SHRUG
— Scapular Elevation
Muscles worked: The primary muscles
emphasized are the upper trapezius and
associated smaller muscles of the region.
Pulley position: Low pulleys only.
Starting position:
• Stand on the platform facing the Power
Rods. Reach down and grasp the bar with a
grip width slightly wider than shoulders,
palms facing toward the back.
Motion:
• Raise your shoulders toward the back of
your head, making sure your neck/head
position does not move.
• Slowly allow the shoulders to return
downward without slouching and rounding
the upper spine.
Key points:
• Do not bend the neck backward or forward
while raising the shoulders.
• Do not slouch upon lowering the shoulders
• Keep the spine in erect alignment
throughout the entire motion.
• Make sure both shoulders raise evenly.
START
FINISH
28
Shoulder Exercises
LYING FRONT SHOULDER RAISE
— Shoulder Flexion (elbow stabilized)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
front portion of the shoulder muscles (front
deltoids as well as the front part of the middle
deltoids).
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement – both arms raising at
the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
raising while the other is returning).
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing the Power Rods,
knees bent and feet flat on the platform.
• Grasp the handles, with your arms straight
and your palms facing down. Lie back
completely so that your head is supported by
the bench.
• Keep your chest up, abdominals tight and
maintain a slight arch in your lower back.
Key points:
• Keep the chest lifted and the abdominals
tightened throughout the entire motion.
• Maintain good spinal alignment.
• Do not increase the arch in your lower back
while lifting your arms.
START
Motion:
• Keeping your arms straight, move them in
an arc upward and then directly over your
shoulders.
• Slowly return to the starting position, arms
by your sides.
FINISH
REVERSE FLY
— Shoulder Horizontal Abduction (elbows stabilized in slight flexion)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
back portion of the shoulder muscles (the rear
deltoids and the rear portion of the middle
deltoids) as well as the trapezius and
rhomboids.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• With the bench flat, sit facing the Power
Rods, knees bent, and feet flat on the floor.
• Grasp the handles with your palms facing
toward the floor and arms nearly straight.
• Sit up straight and then bend slightly
forward from the hips (not the spine) until
arms/cables are in front of body at a 90
degree angle to your torso.
• Lift chest and pinch shoulder blades
together.
Motion:
• Maintaining the same slight bend in your
arms, move your arms outward and
backward, keeping a 90 degree angle
between your upper arms and the sides of
your torso.
• Move until your elbows are slightly behind
your shoulders, then slowly reverse the
motion keeping the rear shoulder muscles
tightened during the entire motion.
Key points:
• Maintain a 90 degree angle between your
upper arms and the sides of your torso
during the exercise.
• For normal pulling /rowing patterns of
movement you may choose to allow the
shoulder blades to "float" forward and
backward naturally with the arm movement,
or for increased rear deltoid involvement you
may keep the shoulder blades "pinched"
together throughout both the forward and
backward movements.
START
FINISH
29
Shoulder Exercises
MILITARY PRESS
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
front portion of the shoulder muscles (front
deltoids and the front part of the middle
deltoids), the rotator cuff muscles, the upper
back muscles (trapezius), and the triceps
muscles located on the back of the upper
arms.
Key points:
• Keep the abdominals tight throughout the
entire motion.
• Maintain good spinal alignment.
• Do not let the arch increase in the lower
back while pressing up.
Pulley position: Low pulleys only.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing away from the Power
Rods, directly over the low pulleys, knees
bent and feet flat on the floor.
• Adjust the bar harness to provide tension at
the bottom of the movement while still
completing the top of the movement.
• Bring the bar up to shoulder level.
• Keep your chest up, abdominals tight and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
START
Motion:
• Straighten arms overhead.
• Slowly return to starting position keeping
tension in the front shoulder muscles.
• Do not press from behind the neck as this
places undue stress on the joint capsule.
FINISH
30
Back Exercises
LYING SHOULDER PULLOVER
— Shoulder Extension (elbow stabilized)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
upper back (the latissimus dorsi, teres major,
and rear deltoid muscles). It also involves the
chest (the pectoralis major muscles). The
triceps muscles, located on the back of the
upper arms, are involved in maintaining the
elbow position and also help with shoulder
motion.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• With the bench flat, lie on your back with
your head toward the Power Rods. Position
yourself far enough down the bench to allow
the arms to extend overhead without hitting
the Power Rods. Keep the knees bent and
feet flat on the floor.
• Extend the arms overhead and grasp the
handles with your palms facing the ceiling.
• Tighten your abdominals to stabilize your
spine while maintaining a very slight arch in
the lower back.
Motion:
• Move your hands in an arc upward and then
down toward your legs.
• Keep your shoulder blades on the bench,
pinch them together and slide them
downward toward your hips as your arms
move.
WIDE PULLDOWNS
• End the motion with your arms by your
sides, pressing your shoulder blades down,
completely tightening your lats.
• Control the return to the starting position by
slowly moving the arms back overhead and
releasing the shoulder blades.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement – both arms pulling at
the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
pulling while the other is returning).
START
Key points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment. Relax your
neck, keep your chest lifted, abs tight and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
• Keep the lats tightened throughout the entire
motion.
• Release your shoulder blades at the end of
each rep and initiate each new rep by
depressing your shoulder blades.
FINISH
— Shoulder Adduction (with elbow flexion)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
latissimus dorsi, teres major and rear deltoid
which make up the large pulling muscles of
your upper back. It also involves the muscles
on the front of your upper arms (the biceps
group) which are responsible for bending your
elbows.
Pulley position: Lat tower.
Starting position:
• To determine the appropriate grip width for
you, hold your upper arms straight out to
the sides at shoulder height. Bend your
elbows approximately 90 degrees. Your
hands should be no wider than your elbows.
(For many individuals slightly less than
elbow width is more comfortable.)
• Facing the Power Rods, grasp the bar at a
width determined above, then sit on the
bench.
• Position your knees directly under the
pulleys and sit upright with your arms
extending upward. NOTE: You may position
your hips directly under the pulleys but then
you must lean back slightly from hips (not the
waist).
• Maintain good spinal alignment, chest lifted,
abs tight and maintain a very slight arch in
your lower back.
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by pulling your
shoulder blades down and together while
simultaneously drawing your elbows
downward to the sides, and then inward,
toward your trunk.
• The bar does not have to touch your chest
but, at the end of the motion, your arms
should be drawn near your sides, your
shoulder blades should be fully depressed
toward your hips and your forearms must be
in line with the direction of the cables (not
rotated forward).
• Slowly return to the starting position
allowing your arms and shoulder blades to
move fully upward, without relaxing the
muscles.
START
Key points:
• From the side view the forearms should
appear to remain in line with the cables.
• Do not lose spinal alignment.
• Do not lean backward as you pull.
• Keep the chest up, especially at the bottom
of the movement.
• Keep your lats tightened throughout the
entire motion.
• Do not move your elbows posteriorly on the
way down.
FINISH
31
Back Exercises
NARROW PULLDOWNS
— Shoulder Extension (with elbow flexion)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
latissimus dorsi, teres major and rear deltoid
which make up the large pulling muscles of
your upper back. It also involves the muscles
on the front of your upper arms (the biceps
group) which are responsible for bending your
elbows.
Pulley position: Lat tower.
Starting position:
• Attach a single handle to each cable.
• Facing the Power Rods, grasp the handles
with the corresponding hand, palms facing
each other, and sit on the bench.
• Position your knees directly under the
pulleys and sit upright with your arms
extending upward. NOTE: You may position
your hips directly under the pulleys but then
you must lean back slightly from hips (not
the waist).
• Maintain good spinal alignment, chest lifted,
abs tight and maintain a very slight arch in
your lower back.
Motion:
• Keeping your hands shoulder width, initiate
the movement by pulling your shoulder
blades down and together while
simultaneously drawing your elbows
downward to the front, and then back
toward the sides of your body.
• At the end of the motion, your arms should
be drawn near your sides, your shoulder
blades should be fully depressed toward your
hips and your forearms must be upward in
line with the direction of the cables (not
rotated forward).
• Slowly return to the starting position
allowing your arms and shoulder blades to
move upward fully, without relaxing the
muscles.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement – both arms pulling at
the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
pulling while the other is returning).
Key points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment.
• Keep the lats tightened throughout the entire
motion.
• Do not lean backward as you pull.
• Keep the chest up, especially at the bottom
of the movement.
START
FINISH
LYING LAT PULLDOWNS
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
latissimus dorsi, teres major and rear deltoid
which make up the large pulling muscles of
your upper back, and eliminates the biceps
from the movement.
Pulley position: Wide.
Starting position:
• Lie on your back on the bench, head toward
the Power Rods. Your buttocks will
eventually be off the end of the bench.
• Slip your arms through the handles and slide
the cuffs just past your elbows and tighten
cuffs.
• Grasp the cable with your palms facing
inward and slide your body down along the
bench far enough that your arms are fully
extended, knees bent and feet flat on the
floor.
• Although they will be overhead, position
your upper arms wide, out to the sides.
• Tighten your abdominals to stabilize your
spine while maintaining a very slight arch in
the lower back.
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by pulling your
shoulder blades down toward your bottom
while simultaneously pulling your elbows
out to the sides, then down and inward
toward the sides of the torso.
• Slowly return to the starting position,
allowing your arms and shoulder blades to
move back up toward the Power Rods
without relaxing.
Key points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment.
• Keep the lats tightened throughout the entire
motion.
• Release your shoulder blades at the end of
each rep and initiate each new rep by
depressing your shoulder blades.
• This exercise may also be performed by
grasping the handles, although you will have
to slide farther down the bench to create
starting position tension.
START
FINISH
32
Back Exercises
LYING NARROW LAT PULLDOWNS
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
latissimus dorsi, teres major and rear deltoid
which make up the large pulling muscles of
your upper back and eliminates the biceps
from the movement.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Lie on your back on the bench, head toward
the Power Rods. Your buttocks will
eventually be off the end of the bench.
• Slip your arms through the handles and slide
the cuff just past your elbows and tighten
cuffs.
• Grasp the cable with your palms facing
inward and slide your body down along the
bench far enough that your arms are fully
extended, knees bent and feet flat on the
floor.
• Although they will be overhead, position
your upper arms shoulder width or slightly
wider.
• Tighten your abdominals to stabilize your
spine while maintaining a very slight arch in
the lower back.
— Shoulder Extension (with elbow flexion)
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by pulling your
shoulder blades down toward your bottom
while simultaneously pulling your elbows
forward to the front, then down and back
toward the sides of the torso.
• Slowly return to the starting position,
allowing your arms and shoulder blades to
move back up toward the Power Rods
without relaxing.
Key points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment.
• Keep the lats tightened throughout the entire
motion.
• Release your shoulder blades at the end of
each rep and initiate each new rep by
depressing your shoulder blades.
• This exercise may also be performed by
grasping the handles, although you will have
to slide farther down the bench to create
starting position tension.
START
FINISH
LOW BACK EXTENSIONS
— Seated (with hip extension)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
muscles in your low back (erector spinae and
deep spinal muscles) that are necessary for
providing stabilization and protection for the
spine. The lower back muscles are challenged
isometrically just like they should be used
when lifting and carrying in daily life. The
gluteus maximus and the hamstrings are also
strengthened at the hip.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing the Power Rods.
• Spread the cuffs from the handles and slide
them over the forearms up to the elbows.
• Place heels on the end of the platform, bend
the knees comfortably, cross your arms in
front of your chest and pull handles tightly
to your chest.
• Sit up straight, lift your chest, tighten your
trunk muscles and maintain a slight arch in
your lower back.
• Pinch your shoulder blades together slightly.
• Lean forward from the hips slightly letting
out some of the tension in the cables.
Motion:
• Keeping your chest lifted, move your entire
torso backward — as a unit — by pivoting at
the hips.
• Slowly return to the starting position
without slouching or changing spinal
alignment.
Key points:
• Keep your chest lifted and a very slight arch
in your lower back at all times.
• Move from the hips only, not your waist. Do
not increase or decrease the arch in your
lower back during the movement.
START
Alternate motion:
• From the same starting position, sit erect
and slowly allow your spine to flex forward
maintaining control of the weight.
• Slowly straighten and extend your
spine/trunk to a comfortable arch.
• Repeat with control.
• This version will require less weight than the
exercise above.
FINISH
33
Back Exercises
SEATED LAT ROWS
— Shoulder Extension (with elbow flexion)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
latissimus dorsi, teres major and rear deltoid
muscles which make up the large pulling
muscles of your upper back as well as the
trapezius and rhomboids. The biceps muscles
on the front of the upper arms are also
involved in this movement.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing the Power Rods.
• Grab handles with palms facing each other.
• Place heels on the end of the platform, bend
the knees comfortably.
• Sit up straight with your spine in good
alignment.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement – both arms pulling at
the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
pulling while the other is returning).
Key points:
• Do not bend your torso forward at any point.
• Do not lose spinal alignment — keep chest
lifted.
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by pinching the
shoulder blades back and together while
simultaneously drawing your elbows down
and backward toward the sides of your body.
• Continue moving the arms past the sides of
the body while keeping the forearms
pointing in the direction of the cable.
• Slowly return to the starting position,
straightening the arm and letting the
shoulder blades slide forward without
slouching.
LYING LAT FLY
START
FINISH
— Shoulder Adduction (elbow stabilized near extension)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
latissimus dorsi, teres major and rear deltoid
which make up the large pulling muscles of
your upper back, as well as involving your
biceps which are located on the front of your
upper arms.
Key points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment.
• Keep the lats tightened throughout the entire
motion.
• Release your shoulder blades at the end of
each rep and initiate each new rep by
depressing your shoulder blades.
Pulley position: Wide.
Starting position:
• Lie on your back, head toward the Power
Rods.
• Grasp the handles and straighten the arms
out to the sides with your palms facing away
from the pulleys, knees bent, and feet flat on
the floor.
• Tighten your abdominals to stabilize your
spine while maintaining a very slight arch in
the lower back.
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by pulling your
shoulder blades down toward your bottom
while simultaneously pulling your arms out
to the sides, then down and inward toward
the sides of the torso.
• Slowly return to the starting position,
allowing your arms and shoulder blades to
move back up/out toward the Power Rods
without relaxing.
34
START
FINISH
Back Exercises
REVERSE GRIP PULLDOWNS
— Shoulder Extension (with elbow flexion)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
latissimus dorsi, teres major and rear deltoid
which make up the large pulling muscles of
your upper back. It also involves the muscles
on the front of your upper arms (the biceps
group) which are responsible for bending your
elbows.
Pulley position: Lat tower.
Starting position:
• Facing the Power Rods, grasp the bar with
an underhand grip, approximately shoulder
width. Then sit on the bench.
• Position your knees directly under the
pulleys and sit upright with your arms
extending upward. NOTE: You may position
your hips directly under the pulleys but then
you must lean back slightly from hips (not the
waist).
• Maintain good spinal alignment, chest lifted,
abs tight and maintain a very slight arch in
your lower back.
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by pulling your
shoulder blades down and together while
simultaneously drawing your elbows
downward to the front, and then back
toward the sides of your body.
• At the end of the motion, your arms should
be drawn near your sides (although may not
be touching your sides), your shoulder
blades should be fully depressed toward your
hips and your forearms must be upward in
line with the direction of the cables (not
forward).
• Slowly return to the starting position
allowing your arms and shoulder blades to
move fully upward, without relaxing the
muscles.
START
Key points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment.
• Keep the lats tightened throughout the entire
motion.
• Do not lean backward as you pull.
• Keep the chest up, especially at the bottom
of the movement.
FINISH
SCAPULAR RETRACTION
Muscles worked: This exercise develops the
muscles between your shoulder blades (middle
trapezius and rhomboids), that pull your
shoulder blades together and are essential to
good posture.
Key points:
• Do not bend your torso forward.
• Do not lose spinal alignment – keep chest
lifted.
• Do not bend and pull with your arm
muscles.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing the Power Rods.
• Grab handles with palms facing each other.
• Place heels on the end of the platform, bend
hips and knees comfortably, arms straight.
• Lift your chest, sit up straight with your
spine in good alignment and tighten your
trunk muscles.
START
Motion:
• Keeping your arms straight, slowly pinch
your shoulder blades together.
• When your shoulder blades are fully
retracted, slowly return to the starting
position.
FINISH
35
Back Exercises
STIFF-ARM PULLDOWN
— Shoulder Extension (elbow stabilized near extension)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes
your upper back (the latissimus dorsi, teres
major and rear deltoid muscles), as well as the
muscles between the lower part of your
shoulder blades (lower trapezius muscles).
The triceps muscles, located on the back of the
upper arms, will also be involved.
Pulley position: Lat tower.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench, straddle the rail and
stand on the platform facing the Power Rods.
• Grasp the lat bar at shoulder width or
slightly wider with your palms down.
• Step back slightly. This may have to be
adjusted on the first rep to insure that there
is enough movement in the cable to
complete the range of motion.
• Lift your chest and tighten your abdominals
to stabilize your spine while maintaining a
very slight arch in the lower back.
Motion:
• Keeping your arms straight, initiate the
movement by pulling your shoulder blades
down and together while simultaneously
drawing your arms downward to the front,
and then in toward your legs.
• Allowing your shoulder blades to move with
your arms, slowly return to the starting
position.
Key points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment — keep chest
lifted.
• Keep the lats tightened throughout the entire
motion.
• Keep your elbows nearly straight (not
locked) throughout the entire exercise.
START
FINISH
BARBELL BENT OVER ROW
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
latissimus dorsi, teres major and rear deltoid
muscles which make up the large pulling
muscles of your upper back as well as the
trapezius and rhomboids. The biceps muscles
on the front of the upper arms are also
involved in this movement. Strength in the
spinal erectors and control over posture will be
critical in this position.
Pulley position: Low pulley.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench, straddle the rail and
stand facing away from the Power Rods.
• Grasp the bar with an overhand grip.
• The bar harness may have to be adjusted to
insure that there is enough movement in the
cable to complete the range of motion. In
some cases the harness may have to be
removed and the cable snap hook connected
directly to the D-ring of the bar.
• Position your trunk almost parallel to the
platform by bending from your hips (not the
waist) and by bending your knees and
sticking your hips out while lifting your
chest. Tighten your abdominals to stabilize
your spine while maintaining a flat lower
back.
36
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by pinching the
shoulder blades back and together while
simultaneously drawing your elbows back
and upward toward the sides of your body.
• Keep the forearms pointing in the direction
of the cable.
• Slowly return to the starting position,
straightening the arm and letting the
shoulder blades slide forward without
slouching and bending the spine.
Key points:
• Do not lose spinal alignment — keep chest
lifted.
• Keep the lats tightened throughout the entire
motion.
• Release your shoulder blades at the end of
each rep and initiate each new rep by
retracting (pinching) your shoulder blades.
START
FINISH
Arm Exercises
FRENCH PRESS
— Elbow Extension Overhead
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
triceps muscles located on the back of the
upper arms.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing away from the Power
Rods. Bend the knees and place your feet
flat on the floor.
• Reach behind and grasp the handles, palms
facing each other (or angled upward).
• Draw your arms up until your elbows are
comfortably overhead (different for
everyone) and your hands are pointed to the
ceiling.
• Tighten your trunk muscles and maintain a
very slight arch in your lower back.
Key points:
• Keep your upper arm motionless.
• Keep wrists straight.
• Tighten the triceps throughout the exercise
and control the motion on the way down.
• Keep your chest lifted, abs tight and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
START
Motion:
• Keeping your upper arm stationary, bend
your elbows allowing your hands to move
downward in an arcing motion.
• Stop your motion at approximately 90
degrees (or as comfort allows) and then
slowly reverse your arcing motion upward
and forward until your elbows are straight.
FINISH
LYING TRICEPS EXTENSION
— Elbow Extension
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
triceps muscles located on the back of the
upper arms.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Lie on your back with your head toward the
Power Rods. Knees bent and your feet flat
on the floor.
• Reach overhead and grasp the handles,
palms facing toward the ceiling.
• Keeping your elbows bent, bring your upper
arms to your sides and maintain.
• Raise your chest and "pinch" your shoulder
blades together. Maintain a very slight arch
in your lower back.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement — both arms extending
at the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
extending while the other is returning)
Key points:
• Keep your upper arms motionless.
• Keep wrists straight.
• Tighten the triceps throughout the exercise
and control the motion on the way down.
START
Motion:
• Keeping your upper arms stationary and by
your side, straighten your arms in an arcing
motion downward and then inward toward
your legs.
• Fully straighten your arms.
• Controlling the motion, allow your elbows
to bend, returning to the starting position
without moving your upper arms.
FINISH
37
Arm Exercises
LYING 45 DEGREE TRICEPS EXTENSION
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
triceps muscles located on the back of the
upper arms.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Lie on your back with your head toward the
Power Rods, knees bent and your feet flat on
the floor.
• Reach overhead and grasp the handles,
palms facing toward the ceiling.
• Keeping your elbows bent, bring your upper
arms to the front, angled approximately 45
degrees from the front of your torso and
maintain.
• Raise your chest and "pinch" your shoulder
blades together. Maintain a very slight arch
in your lower back.
— Elbow Extension
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement — both arms extending
at the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
extending while the other is returning).
Key points:
• Keep your upper arms motionless.
• Keep wrists straight.
• Tighten the triceps throughout the exercise
and control the motion on the way down.
START
Motion:
• Keeping your upper arms stationary and by
your side, straighten your arms in an arcing
motion down and then inward toward your
legs.
• Fully straighten your arms.
• Controlling the motion, allow your elbows
to bend, returning to the starting position
without moving your upper arms.
FINISH
TRICEPS PUSHDOWN
— Elbow Extension
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
triceps muscles located on the back of the
upper arms. These muscles are responsible for
straightening your arms and assist in any
upper body pushing or pressing motion.
Pulley position: Lat tower.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench, straddle the rail and
stand on the platform facing the Power Rods.
• Grasp the lat bar at shoulder width, with
your palms down.
• Adjust your distance from the pulleys (one
to two feet in front of you). This may need
to be altered after attempting the first rep.
• Keeping your arms bent, bring your upper
arms to your side and maintain.
• Lift your chest and tighten your abdominals
to stabilize your spine while maintaining a
very slight arch in the lower back.
38
Motion:
• Keeping your upper arms stationary and
your elbows next to the sides of your torso,
slowly straighten your arms by arcing
downward and then inward toward your
legs.
• Straighten your arms fully.
• Controlling the motion, allow your elbows
to bend, returning to the starting position
without moving your upper arms.
Optional motions:
• Bilateral movement — both arms extending
at the same time.
• Unilateral movement – performing all reps
with one arm before moving to the next.
• Alternating – performing one rep on one side
and then the next rep on the other side.
• Simultaneously alternating – both arms
moving, although in opposite directions (one
extending while the other is returning).
Key points:
• Keep your upper arms motionless.
• Keep wrists straight.
• Tighten the triceps throughout the exercise
and control the motion on the way up.
• Maintain good posture by keeping your
chest lifted, abs tight and maintain a very
slight arch in your lower back.
START
FINISH
Arm Exercises
“ROPE” PUSHDOWNS
— Elbow Extension
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
triceps muscles located on the back of the
upper arms. These muscles are responsible for
straightening your arms and assist in any
upper body pushing or pressing motion.
Pulley position: Lat tower.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench, straddle the rail and
stand on the platform facing the Power Rods.
• Using the single handles, grasp the webbing
of the opposite handle (right hand to left
handles and vice versa).
• Cross the cables with the palms facing each
other as if grasping a rope handle.
• Keeping your elbows bent, bring your upper
arms to your sides allowing your forearms to
remain angled toward the midline in line
with the cable.
Motion:
• Keeping your upper arms stationary and
your elbows next to the sides of your torso,
slowly straighten your arms arcing down and
then outward toward your sides, ending with
your hands and elbows directly below the
shoulders, arms fully straightened.
• Slowly allow the elbows to bend, angling
forward and toward midline, returning to the
start position.
Key points:
• Keep your upper arms motionless.
• Keep wrists straight.
• Tighten the triceps throughout the exercise
and control the motion on the way up.
• Maintain good posture by keeping your
chest lifted, abs tight and maintain a very
slight arch in your lower back.
START
FINISH
SINGLE-ARM PUSHDOWN
— Elbow Extension
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
triceps muscles located on the back of the
upper arms. These muscles are responsible for
straightening your arms and assist in any
upper body pushing or pressing motion.
Pulley position: Lat tower.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench, straddle the rail and
stand on the platform facing the Power Rods.
• Using the single handle, grasp the handle
with your palms up.
• Adjust your distance from the pulleys (one
to two feet in front of you). This may need
to be altered after attempting the first rep.
• Keeping your arm bent, bring your upper
arm to your side and maintain.
• Lift your chest and tighten your abdominals
to stabilize your spine while maintaining a
very slight arch in the lower back.
Motion:
• Keeping your upper arm stationary and your
elbow next to the side of your torso, slowly
straighten your arm by arcing downward and
then inward toward your leg, ending with
your hand and elbow directly below the
shoulder, arm fully straightened.
• Straighten your arm fully.
• Controlling the motion, allow your elbow to
bend, returning to the starting position
without moving your upper arm.
NOTE: This exercise can also be performed
utilizing the following options:
• Palm up grip (supinated)
• Palm down grip (pronated)
• "Hammer" grip (neutral)
START
Key points:
• Keep your upper arm motionless.
• Keep wrist straight.
• Tighten the triceps throughout the exercise
and control the motion on the way up.
• Maintain good posture by keeping your
chest lifted, abs tight and maintain a very
slight arch in your lower back.
FINISH
39
Arm Exercises
CROSS TRICEPS EXTENSION
Muscles worked: This exercise develops the
triceps muscle located on the back of the
upper arms.
Pulley position: Wide only.
Starting position:
• Seated in the 45 degree position, reach
across and straight behind your body, grasp a
handle, and bend your elbow until your
hand is near your chest.
• Keeping knees bent and feet flat on the floor,
lay your head back against the bench and
straighten your arm to the front.
• Then, reaching across mid-line, grasp the
handle, palm down, with the opposite arm.
• Pointing your elbow upward, hold your
upper arm at an angle consistent with the
angle of the cable.
• With your free hand lightly grasp the back of
your arm near your elbow, to give yourself a
reference point and/or to help stabilize the
working arm.
• Raise your chest and slightly "pinch" your
shoulder blades together. Maintain a very
slight arch in your lower back.
Motion:
• Keeping your upper arm stationary,
straighten your arm, moving your hand in an
arcing motion across your chest and over
your shoulder.
• Fully straighten your arm.
• Controlling the motion, allow your elbow to
bend, returning to the starting position
without moving your upper arm.
Key points:
• Keep your upper arm motionless.
• Keep wrist straight.
• Tighten your triceps throughout the exercise
and control the motion on the way down.
START
FINISH
TRICEPS KICKBACK
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
triceps muscles located on the back of the
upper arms.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Face the Power Rods, standing along side the
bench. Kneel with one leg on the bench,
bend forward at the hips (not the waist) and
place the hands on the bench. Bend the
other knee slightly and flatten the back by
sticking the hips out and lifting the chest.
• Support yourself with one arm on the bench
and grasp a handle with your free hand.
• Keeping your elbow bent, bring your upper
arm to your side, parallel to the ground, and
maintain.
Key points:
• Maintain spinal alignment.
• Keep your arm at your side and your wrist
straight throughout entire motion.
• Tighten the triceps throughout the exercise
and control the motion.
START
Motion:
• Straighten elbow while keeping your upper
arm completely still.
• When arm is completely straight, slowly
return to the starting position.
FINISH
40
Arm Exercises
SEATED TRICEPS EXTENSION
— Elbow Extension
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
triceps muscles located on the back of the
upper arms.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Seated in the 45 degree position, reach
straight behind your body, grasp the handles,
and bend your elbows until your hands are
near your chest and your palms are facing
toward the floor.
• Keeping knees bent and feet flat on the floor,
lay your head back against the bench and
straighten your arms to the front.
• Be sure that your arms are directly "in line"
with the cables, palms facing down and
wrists straight.
• Raise your chest and "pinch" your shoulder
blades together. Maintain a very slight,
comfortable, arch in your lower back.
Motion:
• Keeping your upper arms stationary, slowly
bend your elbows allowing your hands to
move in an arcing motion toward your head.
• Stop when the elbows are approximately 90
degrees or as comfort dictates.
• Slowly reverse your arcing motion and
straighten your elbows are fully.
Key points:
• Keep your upper arms motionless.
• Keep wrists straight.
• Tighten the triceps throughout the exercise
and control the motion on the way down.
START
FINISH
STANDING BICEPS CURL — Elbow Flexion (in supination)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes
and develops the biceps muscles, which are
located on the front of your upper arms and
are primarily responsible for bending your
elbows, as well as the brachialis and
brachioradialis.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow (wide will
work ideally for most people due to the angle
created in the arm (carrying angle) in the palm
forward (supinated position).
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and stand on the
platform, straddle the rail, facing the Power
Rods.
• Bend down and grasp the handles with your
palms facing forward.
• Stand with your upper arms by your sides
(although not "smashed" against them). Lift
your chest, tighten your abdominals and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
Motion:
• Curl handles forward, then upward, and
then in toward shoulders while keeping your
elbows at your sides and your upper arms
completely still.
• Slowly lower to the starting position by
performing the same arcing motion.
Key points:
• Keep elbows at your sides.
• Keep wrists straight.
• Keep your trunk muscles tight and maintain
a very slight arch in your lower back.
START
FINISH
41
Arm Exercises
SEATED BICEPS CURL
— Elbow Flexion (in supination)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes
and develops the biceps muscles, which are
located on the front of your upper arms and
are primarily responsible for bending your
elbows, as well as the brachialis and
brachioradialis.
Key points:
• Do not rock the upper body while bending
your elbow.
• Keep wrist straight.
• Keep your chest lifted, trunk muscles tight
and maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Seated position:
• Sit facing the Power Rods, knees bent with
one foot resting on the bench and one on the
floor. Angle the elevated leg toward the
opposite pulley (right leg toward left pulley).
• Grasp the opposite handle (right hand to left
pulley) and rest the back of your upper arm
near your elbow, on the elevated knee.
• Maintain erect spinal alignment.
START
Motion:
• Curl the forearm toward the upper arm,
keeping your upper arm and shoulder blade
completely still.
• Slowly return to the starting position
without relaxing the biceps.
FINISH
SEATED WRIST EXTENSION
Muscles worked: This exercise develops the
back and top parts of your forearms and is
critical in helping to prevent injuries like
tennis elbow.
Pulley position: Narrow only.
Starting position:
• Sit facing the Power Rods with your knees
bent and feet flat on the bench.
• Grasp the handles with your palms facing
down and rest your mid-forearms on your
upper legs with the elbows flared out to the
sides wider than the shoulders.
• Be sure to sit far enough back on the bench
to maintain tension throughout the exercise.
• Raise your chest, tighten your trunk muscles
and maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
Key points:
• Move slowly and keep tension in the back of
the forearms at all times.
• You can perform this exercise one arm at a
time to make it easier to focus and isolate
the back of your forearms, or you can
perform it with both arms simultaneously
to save time.
START
Motion:
• Slowly curl the back of your fists toward the
forearms.
• Slowly return to the starting position.
FINISH
42
Arm Exercises
STANDING WRIST EXTENSION
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
back and top parts of your forearms. It also
isometrically challenges your elbow flexors,
located on the front part of your upper arms.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and stand on the platform
facing the Power Rods.
• Bend down and grasp the handles with your
palms facing down.
• Stand with your upper arms by your sides.
• Lift your chest, tighten your trunk muscles
and maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
• Bend your elbows 90 degrees hold that
elbow position throughout the entire
exercise.
Key points:
• Move slowly and never relax the wrist.
• Do not move your forearm or alter the bend
in your elbow. Perform the entire motion at
your wrist.
• Do not rock your body. Keep your chest
lifted, abs tight and maintain a slight arch in
your lower back.
START
Motion:
• Slowly curl your knuckles upward.
• Keeping your forearms still, slowly return to
the starting position.
FINISH
SEATED WRIST CURL
Muscles worked: This exercise develops the
front part of your forearms as well as
increasing the grip strength.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Sit facing the Power Rods with your knees
bent and feet flat on the bench.
• Grasp the handles with your palms facing up
and rest your entire forearms on your thighs,
allowing the wrists to bend above the knees .
• Raise your chest, tighten your trunk muscles
and maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
Key points:
• Move slowly and keep tension in the front of
the forearms at all times.
• You can perform this exercise one arm at a
time to make it easier to focus and isolate
the front of your forearms, or you can
perform it with both arms simultaneously to
save time.
START
Motion:
• Slowly curl your fists toward the front of
your forearms.
• Slowly return to the starting position
without relaxing the wrists.
FINISH
43
Arm Exercises
STANDING WRIST CURL
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
front part of your forearms as well as increases
the strength of your grip. It also isometrically
challenges your elbow flexors, located on the
front part of your upper arms.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and stand on the platform
facing the Power Rods.
• Bend down and grasp the handles with your
palms facing forward.
• Stand with your upper arms and elbows by
your sides.
• Lift your chest, tighten your trunk muscles
and maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
• Bend your arms 90 degrees, palms up, and
hold that position throughout the entire
exercise.
Motion:
• Slowly curl your fists upward.
• Keeping your forearms still, slowly let your
fists return to the starting position.
Key points:
• Move slowly and keep tension in the front of
the forearm at all times.
• Do not move your forearm or alter the bend
in your elbow. Perform the entire motion at
your wrist.
• Do not rock your body. Keep your chest
lifted, abs tight and maintain a slight arch in
your lower back.
START
FINISH
REVERSE CURL
— Elbow Flexion (in pronation)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
deep arm muscle (brachialis) while involving
the front forearm muscle (brachioradialis) and
the biceps as well.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and stand on the platform
facing the Power Rods.
• Bend down and grasp the handles with your
palms facing down/backward.
• Stand with your arms by your sides.
• Lift your chest, tighten your abdominals and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
Key points:
• Keep elbows from moving forward and
backward.
• Keep wrists straight.
• Keep your trunk muscles tight and maintain
a very slight arch in your lower back.
START
Motion:
• Keeping the palms facing down, slowly curl
the handles forward, then upward, then in
toward your shoulders while keeping your
elbows at your sides and your upper arms
completely still.
• Slowly lower to the starting position.
FINISH
44
Arm Exercises
LYING BICEPS CURL
— Elbow Flexion (in supination)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes
and develops the biceps muscles, which are
located on the front of your upper arms and
are primarily responsible for bending your
elbows, as well as the brachialis and
brachioradialis.
Pulley position: Wide or narrow (wide will
work ideally for most people due to the angle
created in the arm (carrying angle) in the palm
forward (supinated position).
Position:
• Sit on the bench facing the Power Rods,
knees bent and feet flat on the platform.
• Grasp the handles, with your arms straight
and your palms facing upward. Lie back
completely so that your head is supported by
the bench.
• Keep your chest up, abdominals tight and
maintain a slight arch in your lower back.
Motion:
• Curl handles forward, then upward and then
in toward the shoulders while keeping your
elbows at your sides and your upper arms
completely still.
• Slowly lower to the starting position by
performing the same arcing motion.
Key points:
• Keep elbows from moving forward and
backward.
• Keep wrists straight.
• Keep your trunk muscles tight and maintain
a very slight arch in your lower back.
START
FINISH
REVERSE GRIP BARBELL CURLS
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
deep arm muscle (brachialis) while involving
the front forearm muscle (brachioradialis) and
the biceps as well.
— Elbow Flexion (in pronation)
Key points:
• Keep elbows from moving forward and
backward.
• Keep knees slightly bent.
Pulley position: Low pulley.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and stand on the platform
facing away from the Power Rods.
• Grasp the bar with an overhand grip.
• The bar harness may have to be adjusted to
insure that there is enough movement in the
cable to complete the range of motion.
• Stand with your arms down by your sides.
• Lift your chest, tighten your abdominals and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
START
Motion:
• Keeping the palms facing down, slowly curl
the bar forward, then upward, then in
toward your shoulders while keeping your
elbows at your sides and your upper arms
completely still.
• Slowly lower to the starting position.
FINISH
45
Arm Exercises
BARBELL CURLS
— Elbow Flexion (in supination)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes
and develops the biceps muscles, which are
located on the front of your upper arms and
are primarily responsible for bending your
elbows. The brachialis and brachioradialis are
also involved.
Key points:
• Keep elbows from moving forward and
backward.
• Keep knees slightly bent.
Pulley position: Low pulley.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and stand on the platform
facing away from the Power Rods.
• Grasp the bar with an underhand grip. Place
your hands slightly wider than shoulder
width. This creates a natural angle in the
arm(carrying angle) created by the palm
forward (supinated) position.
• The bar harness may have to be adjusted to
insure that there is enough movement in the
cable to complete the range of motion.
• Stand with your arms down by your sides.
• Lift your chest, tighten your abdominals and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
Motion:
• Keeping the palms facing up, slowly curl the
handles forward, then upward, then in
toward your shoulders while keeping your
elbows at your sides and your upper arms
completely still.
• Slowly lower to the starting position.
46
START
FINISH
Abdominal Exercises
SEATED (RESISTED) ABDOMINAL CRUNCH
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
abdominal area including the upper and lower
front abs (rectus abdominus) and the side abs
(obliques).
Pulley position: Wide or narrow.
Starting position:
• While seated in the 45 degree position,
spread the cuffs from the handles and put
the arms through, positioning each cuff
around the front of the respective shoulder.
• Your lower back can start out flat or in a
normal arch, knees and hips are bent and
your feet are flat on the floor.
— Spinal Flexion
Key points:
• Allow exhalation up and inhalation down,
don’t exaggerate it.
• Do not lift your head/chin. Your head should
follow the rib motion, not lead, allowing you
to maintain normal neck posture.
• Tighten your abdominals throughout the
entire exercise range of motion. Do not let
your abs relax until the set is over.
• MOVING SLOWLY to eliminate momentum
is critical.
• This exercise will NOT spot-reduce fat!
START
Motion:
• Tighten your abs and curl only your torso,
slowly moving your ribs toward your hips.
Move as far as you can without moving the
hips or neck. THE LOWER BACK SHOULD
NOT LOSE CONTACT WITH THE BENCH
when fully crunched.
• Slowly reverse the motion returning to the
starting position, without relaxing.
FINISH
SEATED (RESISTED) OBLIQUE CRUNCH — Spinal Flexion with Rotation (Diagonals)
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
side abs (obliques) as well as the upper and
lower front abs (rectus abdominus)
Pulley position: Wide or narrow
Starting position:
• While seated in the 45 degree position, bring
the left handle to the left shoulder, and then
reaching across the chest, grasp and hold
with the right hand as pictured.
• Alternative Handle Position: Spread the left
cuff from the handle and put the left arm
through, positioning the cuff around the
front of the shoulder (a one-sided version of
the handle position described in the Seated
Resisted Abdominal Crunch).
• Your lower back can start out flat or in a
normal arch, knees and hips are bent and
your feet are flat on the floor.
Motion:
• Tighten your abs and move in a diagonal
direction, slowly moving your right ribs
toward your left hip. Move as far as you can
without moving the hips or neck. THE
LOWER BACK SHOULD NOT LOSE
CONTACT WITH THE BENCH when fully
crunched.
• Slowly reverse the motion returning to the
starting position, without relaxing.
• After you’ve completed sufficient reps of this
exercise, repeat it on the other side of your
body.
START
Key points:
• Allow exhalation up and inhalation down,
don’t exaggerate it.
• Do not lift your head/chin. Your head should
follow the rib motion, not lead, allowing you
to maintain normal neck posture.
• Tighten your abdominals throughout the
entire exercise range of motion. Do not let
your abs relax until the set is over.
• MOVING SLOWLY to eliminate momentum
is critical.
• This exercise will NOT spot-reduce fat!
FINISH
47
Abdominal Exercises
REVERSE CRUNCH
— Spinal Flexion
Muscles worked: This exercise works your
entire abdominal area including your upper
and lower front abs (rectus abdominus) and
your side abs (obliques).
Pulley position: None.
Starting position:
• With the bench in the flat position, lie on
your back with your head toward the Power
Rods.
• Bend your knees fully.
• The amount of bend at the hips based on
desired difficulty. Beginners should be fully
bent, bringing the legs near the abs. As
strength improves the legs can be positioned
farther away. DETERMINE THESE
POSITIONS AND MAINTAIN
THROUGHOUT THE EXERCISE.
• Reach overhead grasp either the bench, or
the metal frame, with each hand.
• Relax your neck.
Key points:
• Tighten your abs before you move.
• Keep knees and hips stationary.
• Allow exhalation up and inhalation down
without exaggerating breathing.
• Contract as far into the movement as
possible. Lower under control. Keep abs
tight during the entire motion.
• This exercise will NOT spot-reduce fat!
START
Motion:
• Tighten your abs and slowly curl your hips
toward your rib cage. Move as far as you can
without using your legs to get momentum
and do not curl up onto your shoulder
blades.
• Slowly reverse the motion returning to the
starting position without relaxing.
RESISTED REVERSE CRUNCH
FINISH
— Spinal Flexion
Muscles worked: This exercise works your
entire abdominal area including your upper
and lower front abs (rectus abdominus) and
your side abs (obliques).
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• With the bench in the flat position, sit facing
the Power Rods and attach both ankle cuffs
over the respective ankle.
• Lie flat on your back on the bench with your
head facing away from the Power Rods.
• Bend your hips and knees so that your
thighs are resting on your abdominals.
• Reach overhead and grasp the bench.
• Relax your neck.
Key points:
• Do not throw your legs to initiate the
motion.
• Tighten your abs before you move.
• Keep knees and hips stationary.
• Allow exhalation up and inhalation down
without exaggerating breathing.
• Contract as far into the movement as
possible. Lower under control. Keep abs
tight during the entire motion.
START
Motion:
• Tighten your abs and slowly curl your hips
toward your rib cage. Move as far as you can
without using your legs to get momentum
and do not curl up onto your shoulder
blades.
• Slowly reverse the motion returning to the
starting position without relaxing.
FINISH
48
Abdominal Exercises
TRUNK ROTATION
Muscles worked: This exercise involves most
of the trunk and deep spinal muscles. It does
not “spot reduce” or eliminate “love handles.”
It should be noted that rotation is more
limited in the spine than most people realize
and should be performed with minimal
resistance, and always in proper erect
alignment.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Sitting sideways on the bench with one side
facing the Power Rods, grasp the handle
closest to you with both hands.
• Raise both arms up to chest level, centered
in front of the sternum (breast bone).
• Keep both elbows slightly straight.
• Lift your chest, pinch your shoulder blades
together, tighten your abs and maintain a
very slight arch in your lower back.
Key points:
• This is an important exercise, yet it can
become high risk if done incorrectly. Keep
your chest lifted and always maintain your
spine in good alignment with a very slight
arch in your lower back.
• Keep your hands centered in front of the
middle of your chest (sternum) and your
shoulder blades “pinched” together. Insure
that all of your motion occurs in the torso.
• Remember, more range of motion is not
necessarily better, especially in this exercise.
Move only as far as your muscles will take
you. Try to eliminate uncontrolled
momentum.
• Caution — Do not use heavy resistance for
this exercise. Pick a weight that allows you
to perform at least 12-15 reps.
• This exercise will NOT spot-reduce fat!
Motion:
• Tighten your entire abdominal area and
slowly rotate your rib cage/arms away from
the cables (30-40 degrees), as if your were
rotating with a rod through the middle of
your spine.
• Rotate past midline as far as can be
performed slowly and comfortably.
• Slowly return to the starting position.
START
FINISH
ABDOMINAL CRUNCH — Spinal Flexion
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
abdominal area including the upper and lower
front abs (rectus abdominus) and the side abs
(obliques).
Pulley position: None.
Starting position:
• Lie face up on the bench with feet near the
Power Rods.
• Your lower back can start out flat or in a
normal arch, knees and hips are bent with
your feet either on the bench, resting on the
lat tower, or held in space.
• Fold your arms across your chest.
Key points:
• Allow exhalation up and inhalation down,
don’t exaggerate it.
• Do not lift your head/chin. Your head should
follow the rib motion not lead, allowing you
to maintain normal neck posture.
• Tighten your abdominals throughout the
entire exercise range of motion. Do not let
your abs relax until the set is over.
• MOVING SLOWLY to eliminate momentum
is critical.
• This exercise will NOT spot-reduce fat!
START
Motion:
• Tighten your abs and curl only your torso,
slowly moving your ribs toward your hips.
Move as far as you can without moving the
hips or neck.
• Slowly reverse the motion returning to the
starting position, without relaxing.
FINISH
49
Leg Exercises
LEG EXTENSION
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes
the muscles on the front of the upper thigh
(quadriceps muscle group) which are
responsible for straightening your leg against
resistance. This powerful muscle group helps
provide stability for the knee joint and is
essential for producing power in running,
jumping and lifting activities.
Pulley position: Leg extension/ Leg curl
attachment.
Starting position:
• Sit on the seat facing away from the Power
Rods with your knees near the pivot point
and the lower roller pads on the front of
your shins/ankle (see picture).
• Position your thighs at hip width pointing
your knee caps straight to the front.
• Grasp the sides of the seat.
• Sit up straight with your chest lifted, abs
tight and maintain a very slight arch in your
lower back.
Motion:
• Tighten your quads and straighten your legs
by moving your feet forward and then
upward until your legs are completely
straight and your kneecaps are pointing up
toward the ceiling (not turned outward).
• Then slowly return to the starting position
keeping tension in your quads during the
entire movement.
Key points:
• Use slow controlled motion. Do not “kick”
into extension.
• Do not let your knees rotate outward during
the exercise. Keep your kneecaps pointing
up and straight forward.
START
FINISH
LEG CURL
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
hamstring muscle group (biceps femoris,
semimembranosus, semitenonosus) on the
back of the thigh as well as the calf muscle
(gastrocnemius).
Pulley position: Leg extension/Leg curl
attachment.
Starting position:
• With the back support of the bench attached
to the seat of the leg unit, lie face down with
your lower thigh on the pad, the knees near
the pivot point and ankles under the upper
roller pads .
• Point your knees and feet straight down and
tighten your inner thigh muscles (as if
squeezing your knees together) to stabilize.
• Place your hands on the floor or grasp the
rail or bench for stability.
• Place your forehead on the bench or look to
the side, but do not look up, hyperextending your neck.
• Tighten your abs to prevent spinal motion
and very slightly lift your knees
(approximately 1 inch), placing the pressure
on your thighs.
Motion:
• Slowly bend your knees, upward and then
toward your hips without moving your spine
and without your hips lifting from the
bench.
• Keeping the hamstrings tight, slowly allow
your legs to straighten and return near the
starting position. Do not fully extend your
legs.
Key points:
• Make sure you straighten your legs under
control, do not allow your knees to hyperextend.
• Keep your chest lifted, abs tight and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
• Try to relax your calf and foot muscles.
START
FINISH
50
Leg Exercises
THE SQUAT
— Knee Extension, Hip Extension, Ankle Plantarflexion
Muscles worked: Although the squat is often
considered a total body exercise, the glutes,
adductors, hamstrings and quads are primary
movers and the spinal erectors are key to
stabilization.
Pulley position: Low pulley.
Starting position:
• Remove the back support and place the seat
in free sliding position.
• Use the bar harness to adjust strap length
allowing tension at the appropriate depth.
This will require experimentation. Increase
depth slowly according to your ability, knee
conditions, etc. Most orthopedists
recommend that healthy knees not go any
lower than a 90 degree angle (between the
thigh and calf) when using extra resistance.
Many people go lower for their goals, but
this dramatically increases the risk to the
knee cartilage and increases the probability
of degenerative/arthritic changes.
• Sit on the seat facing the Power Rods and
position the bar on the traps (across the
shoulders, not on the neck). Maintain a grip
on each side of the bar.
• Flatten your back, keep your chest up and
position your feet in line with the cable/pulley.
• Place your feet wider than hip width and
point your toes outward slightly. Direct the
thighs to the same outward angle as the feet.
LEG PRESS
Motion:
• While keeping your back straight, tighten
your abdominals and move to a standing
position.
• Keep the pressure through the middle of the
arches/feet, not through the toes or heels.
• Using control, slowly squat down by sticking
the hips out as the knees start to bend. Keep
the chest up and back flat as the hips
continue to move backward.
• Lower to approximately 90 degrees at the
knees (unless otherwise determined).
• Do not return to the seat until the end of the
last repetition.
START
Key points:
• Keep knees pointed the same direction as the
toes.
• Keep the head/neck in line with the trunk.
• Pay close attention to all alignment and
stabilization issues on every part of each and
every repetition!
FINISH
– Hip Extension and Knee Extension
Muscles worked: This exercise develops
overall lower body pushing strength, primarily
emphasizing your knee extensors on the front
of your thighs (quadriceps), your hip
extensors muscles on your rear (gluteus
maximus), as well as on your inner thighs
(adductor muscle groups).
Motion:
• Bend your knees and hips slowly allowing
yourself to slide toward the Power Rods.
• Limit your slide to a position that allows you
to still maintain good spinal posture, with
your chest lifted, abs tight and a slight arch
in your lower back.
• Slowly return to the starting position.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and unlock the rowing
seat.
• Sit on the seat facing the Power Rods with
the leg press belt attached and adjusted.
Support your feet on the upright pulley
frame or foot rests as shown. The belt should
be placed around the pelvis, NOT the low
back/spine.
• Lift your chest, tighten your abs and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
• Slowly straighten your legs, but do not lock
your knees.
• You may rest your hands around the sides of
the belt, on the sides of the seat, or you may
fold your arms across your chest, whichever
is more comfortable.
Key points:
• Generate the force for the leg press by
mentally directing your pushing/pressing effort
through the lower leg and squarely into the
frame of the machine. In other words, push in
the direction the calf bone is pointing
throughout the motion, rather than just
pushing your body backward. This will
decrease the shearing forces at the knee.
• Keep your knees pointed in the same
direction as your feet. DO NOT let the knees
travel inward/closer during the motion.
• Keep your spine in good posture.
• Straighten but do not “lock out” your knees.
Keep your quads tightened throughout the
entire motion.
• Do not use momentum. MOVE SLOWLY!
Do not “launch” yourself when you
straighten your knees.
START
FINISH
51
Leg Exercises
LYING (PRONE) LEG CURL
— Knee flexion
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
hamstring muscle group (biceps femoris,
semimembranosus, semitendinosus) on the
back of the thigh as well as the back of the calf
(gastrocnemius).
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Seated on the flat bench, attach the cuffs to
the respective ankles.
• Turn and lie on your stomach with your
head facing away from the Power Rods. The
cables will cross. Keep your feet together and
your hands flat on the floor helping to
provide stability.
• Move forward to provide tension in the
cables.
• Look toward the floor to keep your neck in
good alignment and tighten your
abdominals.
• Lift your knees very slightly (1/4 inch) off of
the bench by pressing your hips into the
bench and hold them completely still.
Motion:
• Slowly bend your knees, moving your feet in
an arc upward and then inward toward your
buttocks.
• Then slowly allow your legs to straighten
through the arc described, returning to the
starting position without relaxing.
Key points:
• Keep your upper leg motionless during the
entire exercise.
• Keep your abs tight and do not lift your hips
or excessively arch your back.
START
FINISH
STANDING HIP EXTENSION — Knee stabilized in flexion
Muscles worked: This exercise strengthens
and develops the muscles of your buttocks
area (gluteus maximus). Remember, there is
no such thing as spot reduction. This exercise
will not remove fat from this area, but it will
strengthen and build these muscles.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench.
• Facing the Power Rods, stand on the
platform to one side of the rail.
• Secure the cuff around the ankle (or foot)
farthest from the rail. Keep this leg bent at
approximately 90 degrees.
• You may stand erect or you may bend over
30 - 45 degrees from your hips (not your
waist) and very slightly bend the knee of
your support leg.
• Keep your spine in good posture, with your
chest lifted, abs tight and maintain a very
slight arch in your lower back.
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by tightening your
glutes. Extend your hip by moving your
entire leg backward.
• Slowly move your leg as far as you can,
without allowing ANY movement to occur at
your waist or your knee.
• Then slowly return to the starting position.
Key points:
• Make sure all of your motion occurs at your
hip, NOT your waist or lower back.
• Keep your abs tight throughout the entire
exercise.
• Maintain exactly the same bend in the knee
of your moving leg throughout the entire
exercise.
START
FINISH
52
Leg Exercises
STANDING HIP FLEXION — With knee flexion
Muscles worked: This exercise primarily
develops and strengthens the muscles on the
front of your hips (iliopsoas and rectus
femoris) that are primarily responsible for
bending or flexing your hips.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench.
• Stand on the base platform, facing away from
the Power Rods, on one side of the bench.
• Secure the cuff around the leg farthest from
the rail, just above or just below the knee.
• Straighten, but do not lock, the knee of your
support leg.
• Keep your spine in good posture with your
chest lifted, abs tight and maintain a very
slight arch in your lower back.
Motion:
• Initiate the movement by lifting your knee
up and in toward your torso.
• Allowing the knee to bend as you move,
bring your knee upward as far as you can,
without allowing ANY movement to occur at
your waist or lower back.
• Slowly return to the starting position
without resting your leg muscles.
Key points:
• Make sure all of your motion occurs at your
hip, NOT your waist or lower back.
• Keep your chest lifted and trunk muscles
tight throughout the entire exercise.
• Allow your lower leg to hang in the direction
of the cable at all times.
START
FINISH
SEATED LEG CURL
— Knee Flexion with Hip Flexion
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes the
hamstring muscle group (biceps femoris,
semimembranosus, semitendinosus) on the
back of the thigh.
Motion:
• Slowly bend your knees, pulling yourself
forward toward your feet.
• Slowly allow your legs to straighten and
return to the starting position.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench, unlock the seat.
• Attach one end of the belt to a pulley, sit on
the seat facing away from the Power Rods,
position the belt around your midsection
and then attach the free end of the belt to
the other pulley.
• Move forward and secure your heels over the
rail support at the end of the unit.
• Lift your chest, tighten your abdominals and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
Key points:
• Make sure that you straighten your legs
under control, do not allow your knees to
hyper-extend.
• Keep your chest lifted, abs tight and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
START
FINISH
53
Leg Exercises
LYING LEG EXTENSION
— Knee Flexion with Hip Flexion
Muscles worked: This exercise allows you to
strengthen and develop the front part of your
upper thighs (quadriceps muscle groups),
helping to increase your muscular stability at
the knee joints.
Key points:
• Keep your upper thigh motionless
throughout the exercise.
• Keep your spine in good posture with your
chest lifted, abs tight and a very slight arch
in your lower back.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench facing the Power Rods and
place one cuff over the respective foot with
the handle under the foot.
• Lie back on the bench so that your head is
supported by the bench.
• Bend your working leg at the knee and bend
your hip until your knee is pointing up.
• You may grasp your working thigh with both
hands around the back of the knee or
increase the difficulty by attempting to hold
the thigh stable without your hands.
• Place the uninvolved foot on the floor or
bench, relax your neck, straighten your
spine, lift your chest, and tighten your abs.
START
Motion:
• Slowly straighten your leg, moving only your
knee/lower leg.
• Slowly return to the starting position
without relaxing the quad.
FINISH
SEATED (STRAIGHT LEG) CALF RAISE
—
Ankle Plantarflexion (knee stabilized in slight flexion)
Muscles worked: This exercise is great for
emphasizing the muscles of your lower leg or
calf (gastrocnemius and soleus), which are
responsible for raising and lowering your heels
at the ankle joint. Strength and power in these
muscles are essential for all sports and daily
activities.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and unlock the rowing
seat.
• Sit on the seat facing the Power Rods with
the leg press belt attached and adjusted.
• Place the balls of your feet on the upright
pulley frame as shown.
• Lift your chest, tighten your abs and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
• Push back and straighten your legs (but do
not lock your knees) and maintain this
position.
• You may rest your hands around the sides of
the belt, on the sides of the seat, or you may
fold your arms across your chest, whichever
is more comfortable.
Motion:
• Slowly press the balls of your feet into the
frame and pull your heels toward your knees
• Slowly return to the starting position
without relaxing.
Key points:
• Do not lose contact between the balls of
your feet and the frame as you push.
• Do not change your hip or knee position,
ONLY ankle motion should be allowed.
START
FINISH
54
Leg Exercises
STANDING LEG KICKBACK
— Hip extension and knee extension
Muscles worked: This exercise strengthens
and develops the muscles of your buttocks
area (gluteus maximus). Remember, there is
no such thing as “spot reduction.” Do not do
this exercise because you believe it will remove
fat from this area — do it to strengthen and
build these muscles.
Motion:
• Extend your entire leg backward,
straightening the knee.
• Slowly move your leg backward as far as you
can, without allowing ANY movement to
occur at your waist.
• Then slowly return to the starting position.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Key points:
• Do not allow your waist, lower back or
supportive hip to move.
• Keep your abs tight throughout the entire
exercise.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench.
• Facing the Power Rods, stand on the
platform to one side of the rail.
• Secure the cuff around the foot farthest from
the rail. Bend this leg to approximately 90
degrees.
• Bend over 30-45 degrees from your hips (not
your waist) and very slightly bend the knee
of your support leg.
• Keep your spine in good posture, with your
chest lifted, abs tight and maintain a very
slight arch in your lower back.
START
FINISH
KNEELING LEG KICKBACK
— Hip extension and knee extension
Muscles worked: This exercise strengthens
and develops the muscles of your buttocks
area (gluteus maximus). Remember, there is
no such thing as “spot reduction.” Do not do
this exercise because you believe it will remove
fat from this area — do it to strengthen and
build these muscles.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Face the Power Rods, standing along side the
bench.
• Secure the cuff around the foot farthest from
the bench.
• Kneel with closest leg on the bench, bend
forward at the hips (not the waist) and place
the hands on the bench.
• Bend the hip and knee while maintaining
tension from the cable.
Motion:
• Extend your entire leg backward,
straightening the knee.
• Slowly move your leg backward as far as you
can, without allowing ANY movement to
occur at your waist.
• Then slowly return to the starting position.
Key points:
• Do not allow your waist, lower back or
supportive hip to move.
• Keep your abs tight throughout the entire
exercise.
START
The Kneeling Leg Kickback utilizes a unique cuff
placement. Simply separate the cuff from the
handle, sliding the handle half way between the
cable D-ring and the cuff. Place the toes/ball of
your foot between the handle and cable D-ring,
positioning the handle under the arch of the foot.
Then slip the cuff over the heel of the shoe.
FINISH
55
Leg Exercises
STANDING HIP ABDUCTION
Muscles worked: This exercise will not burn
off fat from your hips or outer thigh! There is
no exercise that will burn fat from a specific
area. This exercise will, however, strengthen
the muscles on the sides of your hips (gluteus
medius), especially on the standing/support
side. Use light resistance and controlled range
of motion on this exercise. You may also think
of this exercise as a tool for challenging your
ability to stabilize your hip on the supportive
leg.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Remove the bench, stand with one side near
the Power Rods, and attach a handle /strap
to the ankle farthest from the machine
(outside leg).
• Stand up straight, lift your chest, tighten
your abs and maintain a very slight arch in
your lower back.
• Adjust your position so that there is some
resistance in the cables.
• In the beginning, you may hold on to the
Power Rods for added stability.
Motion:
• Slowly move the attached leg outward to the
side away from the pulley (30-45 degrees),
keeping your hips and spine perfectly still.
• Slowly return to the starting position
without relaxing.
Key points:
• Do not use this exercise for losing fat from
your hips. It will not make your hips
smaller. Use it to develop hip strength and
stability.
• Use a very small range of motion. More is
not better.
• Keep your spine straight and your hips level.
Try not to raise your hips when raising your
leg to the side.
START
FINISH
SEATED HIP ADDUCTION
Muscles worked: This exercise will not burn
off fat from your inner thighs or make them
smaller! There is no exercise that will burn fat
from a specific area. This exercise will,
however, strengthen the muscles on the
insides of your thighs (adductor muscle
groups). It also works the muscles on the
outside of your hip (gluteus medius) on the
side that you are standing on. Use very light
resistance and small range of motion on this
exercise. Think of this exercise as a tool for
challenging your ability to stabilize your hip
and stand on one leg.
Motion:
• Keeping your hips and spine perfectly still,
slowly move your attached leg toward the
center/midline, away from the pulley.
• Slowly control the leg back toward the
pulley, returning to the starting position.
Key points:
• Do not use this exercise for losing fat from
your thighs. It will not make your thighs
smaller. Use it to develop hip strength and
stability.
• Keep your hips and spine perfectly still.
START
Pulley position: Wide.
Starting position:
• Sit one side near the Power Rods, and attach
a handle/strap just above the calf (below the
knee) on the leg nearest the pulley.
• Adjust your position away from the machine
so that tension is created.
• Bend the leg farthest from the machine and
place the foot flat on the platform. Straighten
your exercising leg and hold it just off the
ground.
• Sit straight, lift your chest, tighten your abs
and maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
FINISH
56
Leg Exercises
SEATED HIP ABDUCTION
Muscles worked: This exercise will not burn
off fat from your outer thighs or make them
smaller! There is no exercise that will burn fat
from a specific area. This exercise will,
however, strengthen the muscles on the sides
of your hips, which in the seated (hip flexed)
position includes the piriformis and gluteus
maximus.
Pulley position: Wide.
Starting position:
• Sit with one side near the Power Rods, and
attach a handle/strap to the ankle farthest
from the machine.
• Adjust your position away from the machine
so that tension is created.
• Sit straight, lift your chest, tighten your abs
and maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
Motion:
• Slowly move the attached leg outward away
from the pulley, keeping your hips and spine
perfectly still.
• Slowly control the leg back toward the
pulley, returning to the starting position.
Key points:
• Do not use this exercise for losing fat from
your thighs. It will not make your thighs
smaller. Use it to develop hip strength and
stability.
• Keep your spine straight and your hips level.
START
FINISH
ANKLE INVERSION
Muscles worked: This exercise strengthens
and develops the muscles on the inside of your
lower legs (tibialis anterior and posterior).
These muscles are essential for standing
balance, support/alignment of the knee, and
lateral agility of the ankle.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench with one side of your body
facing the Power Rods.
• Attach the handle around the ball of the foot
closest to the pulley.
• Straighten the attached leg and sit up
straight.
• Allow the foot to rotate toward the Power
Rods, keeping tension in the cables.
Motion:
• Keeping your leg stationary, slowly rotate
your foot away from the Power Rods.
• Slowly return to the starting position
without relaxing.
Key points:
• Movement should occur only at the ankle,
keep the rest of your body motionless.
• You should feel tension in the inside of your
calf throughout the entire motion.
Both the Ankle Inversion and Ankle Eversion
exercises will be easier if you utilize this unique
cuff placement. Simply separate the cuff from
the handle, sliding the handle half way between
the cable D-ring and the cuff. Fold the cuff in
half and place the foot through with the cuff
and D-ring on the inside of the foot for
eversion and outside of the foot for inversion.
START
FINISH
57
Leg Exercises
ANKLE EVERSION
Muscles worked: This exercise strengthens
and develops the muscles on the outside of
your lower legs (peroneals). These muscles are
essential for standing balance and lateral
agility of the ankle.
Key points:
• The only movement that occurs is at the
ankle, keep the rest of your body/leg
motionless.
• You should feel tension in the outside of
your calf throughout the entire motion.
Pulley position: Narrow.
Starting position:
• Sit on the bench with one side of your body
facing toward the Power Rods.
• Attach the handle around the ball of the foot
farthest from the pulley.
• Straighten the attached leg and sit up
straight.
• Allow the foot to rotate inward toward the
Power Rods.
START
Motion:
• Keeping your leg stationary, slowly rotate
your foot outward, away from the Power
Rods.
• Slowly return to the starting position
without relaxing.
FINISH
DEADLIFT
Muscles worked: This exercise is very similar
to the squat and is also considered a total body
exercise. It involves the glutes, adductors,
hamstrings and quads – which are primary
movers – and the spinal erectors and trapezius,
– which are key to stabilization.
Pulley position: Low pulley
Starting position:
• Remove the back support and straddle the rail.
• Use the bar harness to adjust strap length
allowing tension at the appropriate depth.
This will require experimentation. Increase
depth slowly according to your ability, knee
conditions, etc. Most orthopedists
recommend that healthy knees not go any
lower than a 90 degree angle (between the
thigh and calf) when using extra resistance.
Many people go lower for their goals, but
this dramatically increases the risk to the
knee cartilage and increases the probability
of degenerative/arthritic changes. To go
lower than the harness allows, connect the
cable snap hook directly to the D-ring of the
bar.
• Position your feet in line with the
cable/pulley.
• Place your feet shoulder width or wider and
point your toes outward slightly. Direct the
thighs to the same outward angle as the feet.
58
Motion:
• Using control, slowly squat down by sticking
the hips out as the knees start to bend. Keep
the chest up and back flat as the hips
continue to move backward.
• Lower to approximately 90 degrees at the
knees (unless otherwise determined).
• Grasp the bar with an overhand grip and
slowly stand erect maintaining the alignment
as indicated.
• Keep the pressure through the middle of the
arches/feet, not through the toes or heels.
• Slowly lower to the predetermined range,
maintaining tension from the cable.
START
Key points:
• Keep knees pointed the same direction as the
toes.
• Keep the head/neck in line with the trunk.
• Pay close attention to all alignment and
stabilization issues on every part of each and
every repetition!
FINISH
Leg Exercises
STIFF-LEG DEADLIFT
– Hip extension
Muscles worked: This exercise emphasizes
and develops the hamstrings and glutes, while
requiring the spinal erectors to stabilize.
Pulley position: Low pulley
Starting position:
• Remove the bench and stand on the platform
facing the Power Rods.
• Grasp the bar with an overhand grip
approximately shoulder width.
• The bar harness may have to be adjusted to
insure that there is enough movement in the
cable to complete the range of motion.
• Do not lock your knees. Position them either
nearly straight or very slightly bent.
• Lift your chest, tighten your abdominals and
maintain a very slight arch in your lower
back.
Motion:
• Maintaining your knee position, slowly bend
forward at the hips by moving your butt
backwards. It is critical that you keep the
“chest out/up” and do not allow it to “cave
in,” an indicator that your back is rounding.
• Stop as your hamstrings begin to get taut
and before your back begins to round.
• Concentrate on tensing the hamstrings to
pull you back up to the starting position.
Key points:
• Your torso should move from vertical angling
forward — toward horizontal — without
rounding, slouching or otherwise losing
“flat” postural alignment.
• Keep knees slightly bent.
• Move only as far as you can go correctly!
START
FINISH
59
Fast Fat Loss
Now!
The Bowflex Body
Leanness Program
By Ellington Darden, Ph.D.
The following program was created by Dr. Ellington Darden. It contains a rigorous
fitness and dietary program. Please consult your physician before beginning any
fitness or dietary program.
Some of the names of the exercises listed in this program have been changed in order
to match the names of the exercises in this manual. The exercises themselves have
NOT been changed, in order to preserve the integrity of Dr. Darden’s Study.
60
Introduction
The Bowflex Body
Leanness Program
This program is scientifically designed for maximal fat
loss over six weeks. It is important that you practice
every aspect of the plan to achieve optimum results.
The program separates into three two-week stages.
During each stage you will exercise, control the number
and quality of calories you consume, and drink plenty of
ice-cold water.
Before starting the exercise routine you must be familiar
with your Bowflex. You should experiment with finding
the proper amount of resistance to use on each exercise.
You should be able to perform 8 repetitions, but not
more than 12 repetitions, for each exercise. It is essential
that you learn how to perform each movement before
trying a complete circuit, because part of the
effectiveness of the training depends on minimal rest
between each exercise.
Warning!
Before beginning this program consult
your physician or healthcare
professional. Show this plan and your
Bowflex Owner’s Manual to your
physician or healthcare professional.
Only he or she can determine if this
course is appropriate for your
particular age and condition. If you
experience any lightheadedness,
dizziness, or shortness of breath while
exercising, stop the movement and
consult a physician.
Make sure you read your
Bowflex Owner’s Manual before
attempting a workout.
There are a few people who should
not try this program: Children and
teenagers; pregnant women; women
who are breast feeding; diabetics;
individuals with certain types of heart,
liver, or kidney disease; and those
suffering from certain types of
arthritis. This should not be taken as
an all inclusive list. Some people
should follow the course only with
their physician’s specific guidance.
Play it safe and consult a healthcare
professional.
61
A Personal Guarantee From
Dr. Ellington Darden
Dear Bowflex Enthusiast,
I’m excited, really excited! I’m elated because I’ve developed an exercising and eating program that produces fat loss faster
than any plan I’ve ever tested.
The men involved in my research, for example, had an average fat loss of 27.95 pounds per man. Women on the same program
averaged a reduction of 16.96 pounds. Best of all, these dramatic results were achieved — not in six months — but in only six
weeks!
That’s right. Similar results can be accomplished by you in six short weeks, which include just 18 workouts (3 per week) on the
Bowflex machine.
Bowflex was a significant part of the results. The exercises performed on it allowed the participants to build muscle, which
accelerated their metabolisms, and produced faster and greater fat losses.
The plan worked so well that it became know as The Bowflex Body Leanness Program.
Leanness means to strip away the fat from under the skin as well as at deeper levels. Leanness also implies a pleasing shape and
tone to the skeletal muscles.
You might say leanness is the opposite of fatness because the people involved in my research certainly got rid of their excessive
fatness in record time.
All the guidelines that were applied have been organized in the booklet you are now holding in your hands. It’s the next best
thing to actually going through one of my research projects. In fact, it’s probably better since nothing is experimental. All of the
fine points have been tried, tested and proven effective.
If you are overfat, and if you are interested in doing this program, there are several things that you need to understand about my
experience. Since 1965, I’ve trained more than 10,000 overfat individuals. After many years of pushing, coaxing, and listening
to these trainees, certain traits became evident to me:
• People are not lazy by choice. They are forced into it by the confusion that surrounds the abundance of fitness information that
is available. If these individuals are given simple decisive instructions, they will train very intensely.
• People, if they are provided with specific menus, will drastically alter their eating habits.
• Most of these people, however, will do neither of these challenging things for more than a week — unless they quickly see and
feel changes in their body.
The Bowflex Body Leanness Program emerged from these findings. For you to get the best-possible results, you must be willing
to exercise very intensely on the Bowflex machine and adhere to a strict eating plan.
In return, you’ll get simple exercise instructions, specific menus to use, and my guarantee that if you follow the program exactly
as directed, you’ll observe the pounds and inches disappear on almost a weekly basis.
Now it’s your turn to get excited, and get started!
Sincerely,
Dr. Ellington Darden
62
Measurements
If you would like to measure your personal before-and-after
results, there are several steps you need to take. It is
important that you accurately perform each task, then at
the end of the six-week program, repeat the process in the
same manner.
Body Weight:
Remove clothing and shoes and record your weight to the
nearest quarter pound. Be sure to use the same scale when
weighing yourself at the end of the six-week program. For
the most accurate recordings, weigh yourself nude in the
morning.
Since the program is divided into three two-week segments,
you may want to weigh yourself at the end of each twoweek period. Understand, however that weight loss is not
the best way to determine your success. Fat loss is the key
component. To determine the amount of fat you’ve lost,
you’ll need to follow the instructions in the next section.
Enter you starting weight on your RESULTS SUMMARY
SHEET, which is found on page 64.
Women Measure: suprailium,
triceps, and thigh.
Circumference of Body Parts:
Men Measure:
Chest, abdomen, and thigh.
For an even better idea of the changes that will occur to
your body in the next six weeks, it is necessary to measure
the circumference of certain body parts. This will tell you
where the fat is shrinking and what areas are toning up.
Use a plastic tape to measure the following:
1) Upper arms — hanging and relaxed, midway
between the shoulder and elbow.
1
2) Two inches above navel — belly relaxed.
3) At navel — belly relaxed.
2
3
4
4) Two inches below navel — belly relaxed.
5
5) Hips — feet together at maximum protrusion of
buttocks.
6) Thighs — high, just below the buttocks crease with
legs apart and weight distributed equally on both feet.
Record each measurement on your Results Summary
Sheet.
63
6
Measurements
Skinfold Measurements
To accurately track your progress through this six-week program, it is necessary to take skinfold measurements. By
measuring yourself in this way, you will be able to determine your lean-body mass and your body-fat percentage. The goal
of this program is to increase your lean-body mass and decrease your body-fat percentage.
Please read this section carefully. Proper measuring techniques are essential to track your success. It is best to have someone
measure you. Measuring yourself can lead to inaccurate results.
Women Measure: suprailium, triceps, and thigh.
Suprailium
Triceps
Thigh
Stand relaxed. Pick up a diagonal
skinfold just above the crest of the hip
bone on the right side of the waist.
Stand with right elbow flexed 90
degrees and locate the center of
the back of the upper arm
midway between the shoulder
and the elbow. Relax arm at your
side. Pick up skinfold as
pictured.
Stand relaxed with most of the weight
on your left leg. Pick up a skinfold in
the vertical plane on the front side of
the right thigh, midway between the
hip and knee joints.
Men Measure: Chest, abdomen, and thigh.
Chest
Abdomen
Stand relaxed. Pick up a diagonal skinfold
over the right pectoralis muscle, midway
between the armpit and the nipple.
Stand relaxed. Pick up a vertical
skinfold on the right side of the navel.
64
Measurements
Using Calipers When Measuring Skinfolds
The procedure for measuring skinfold thickness is to grasp firmly with the thumb and forefinger a fold of skin and surface
fat and pull it away from the underlying muscle. Take the caliper in your other hand and open the jaws. Clamp the jaws
over the pinched skin and fat. The jaws exert constant tension at the point of contact with the skin. The thickness of the
double layer of skin and fat can then be read directly from the caliper, which is marked in millimeters.
Women
Men
Suprailium
Chest
Triceps
Abdomen
Thigh
Thigh
Total
Total
Use these figures on the following chart to determine
your body-fat percentage and enter the number on the
line below.
Starting body-fat percentage
Optional Picture Taking
Pictures can be the most exciting evaluation you can do.
The numbers and the tape measurements are great, but
actually seeing differences from comparison photographs of
yourself is quite satisfying.
Taking full-length photographs is not difficult, but to see
the maximum difference between before and after, you
should follow these guidelines.
1) Keep everything the same. Wear the same outfit, a snug
solid color is best, and have the person taking the
picture stand in the same place, with the same setting
behind you.
2) Make sure you stand against an uncluttered, light
background.
65
3) Have the person taking the photograph move away from
you until he can see your entire body in the viewfinder.
4) Stand relaxed for three pictures, front, right side, and
back. Do not try to suck in your stomach.
5) Interlace your fingers and place them on top of your
head, so the contours of your torso will be plainly
visible. Keep your feet 8 inches apart in all three
pictures.
6) When you get the film developed tell the processors to
make your after photos the same size as your previous
ones. This way, your height in both sets of photos is
equal and more valid comparisons can be made.
Determining Your Body Fat
To Use The Nomogram:
1) Locate the sum of your three skinfolds in the right column and mark it.
2) Locate your age in years on the far left column and mark it.
3) Connect the two marks with a straightedge. Where the straightedge intersects the line in the middle column appropriate
to you, you will find your body-fat percentage.
Baun, W.D, Baun, M.R., and Raven, P.B. A nomogram for the estimate of percent body fat from generalized equations.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 52:380-384, 1981.
130
125
120
Female
115
40
105
33
110
100
38
31
95
36
60
90
29
34
55
85
27
32
Age in Years
50
80
25
45
30
75
23
40
28
70
21
35
26
65
24
60
22
55
20
50
18
45
16
40
14
35
19
30
25
17
15
20
13
15
11
9
7
12
5
10
3
Percent
Body-Fat
Sum of Three Skinfolds (mm)
Male
30
25
20
15
10
66
Calculating Lean Body Mass
Now that you know your body-fat percentage, you can calculate your lean-body percentage. This will eventually show you
how many pounds of muscle were added to your body, after completing the program.
For Example:
Before the program, Joe weighs 200 pounds and measures 30% fat, which amounts to 60 pounds. Thus, his lean-body mass
is 70% or 140 pounds.
After the program, Joe weighs 180 pounds and is 20% fat, which equals 36 pounds. His lean body mass is 80%, or 144
pounds.
Simple calculations allow us to find the amount of fat Joe lost, and the amount of muscle Joe gained. Before fat pounds
(60), minus after fat pounds (36) equals 24 pounds of fat lost. After lean-mass pounds (144) minus before lean-mass
pounds (140) equals 4 pounds of muscle gained.
Enter Your Information Here:
Before
Body Weight
X
Body Weight
Fat Percentage
—
Fat Pounds
=
=
Lean-Body Weight
Lean-Body Weight
Use the Same Factors to Calculate After Six Weeks.
After
Body Weight
Body Weight
x
—
Fat Percentage
Fat Pounds
=
=
Pounds of Fat
Lean-Body Weight
Final Results
Before Fat Pounds
After Lean-Mass Pounds
67
—
—
After Fat Pounds
Before Lean-Mass Pounds
=
Total Fat Lost
=
Total Lean-Mass Gained
Your Results
Your Results Summary Sheet
Name
Age
Height
Weight Loss
Weight Before
Muscle Gain
Weight After
Fat Loss
Please follow the instructions on page 57 for measuring the circumferences.
Measurements
Before
After
Difference
Right Arm
Left Arm
2” Above Navel
Navel
2” Below Navel
Hips
Right Thigh
Left Thigh
Total
Percent Body Fat
If you wish to send in your results to Bowflex, please send to: Bowflex Results, 1400 N.E. 136th Ave., Vancouver,
WA. 98684. Or you may fax this sheet to Bowflex Results at 1-360-694-7755. Please include your name, address,
and phone number. Submissions may be selected for use in promotional marketing materials.
68
The Workouts
GUIDELINES Week 1&2
All exercises should be practiced with one set of 8 to 12 repetitions. The style of performance is very important. The
movement for each repetition should be 4 seconds in the positive phase and 4 seconds in the negative. Keep the motion
slow and smooth. When 12 repetitions are accomplished, increase the resistance by approximately 5 percent. Keep the time
between exercises to a minimum, no longer than 60 seconds. No workout should take more than 30 minutes to complete.
Perform each workout three days a week.
Exercise
Leg Curl
Leg Extension
Bench Press
Lying Biceps Curl
Seated Shoulder Press
Seated Abdominal Crunch
Sets
1
1
1
1
1
1
Reps
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
GUIDELINES Week 3&4
All exercises should be practiced with one set of 8 to 12 repetitions. The style of performance is very important. The
movement for each repetition should be 4 seconds in the positive phase and 4 seconds in the negative. Keep the motion
slow and smooth. When 12 repetitions are accomplished, increase the resistance by approximately 5 percent. Keep the time
between exercises to a minimum, no longer than 45 seconds. No workout should take more than 30 minutes to complete.
Perform each workout three days a week.
Exercise
Leg Curl
Leg Extension
Bench Press
Lying Biceps Curl
Seated Shoulder Press
Rear Deltoid Rows*
Seated Triceps Extension
Seated Abdominal Crunch
Sets
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Reps
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
GUIDELINES Week 5&6
All exercises should be practiced with one set of 8 to 12 repetitions. The style of performance is very important. The
movement for each repetition should be 4 seconds in the positive phase and 4 seconds in the negative. Keep the motion
slow and smooth. When 12 repetitions are accomplished, increase the resistance by approximately 5 percent. Keep the time
between exercises to a minimum, no longer than 30 seconds. No workout should take more than 30 minutes to complete.
Perform each workout three days a week.
Exercise
Leg Curl
Leg Extension
Leg Press
Bench Press
Lying Biceps Curl
Shoulder Pullover
Reverse Fly
Rear Deltoid Rows*
Seated Triceps Extension
Seated Abdominal Crunch
69
Sets
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Reps
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
8-12
* The Upright Row exercise was used in Dr. Darden’s original study. Although many people have used this exercise for years, recent information in the
Physical Therapy field has caused the authors of this manual to caution against performing this exercise because of the unnatural twisting movement
created in the shoulder joint. We suggest you substitute Rear Deltoid Rows for the upright Row exercise.
Eating Guidelines
You will be following a reduced-calorie nutrition program, which is divided into three two-week segments. The program is a
proven method for achieving maximal fat loss over a six-week period. It consists of a carbohydrate-rich, descending-calorie
eating plan, and a superhydration routine.
Follow a Carbohydrate-Rich, Descending-Calorie Eating Plan:
Approximately 60 percent of the daily calories should be from carbohydrates. The other 40 percent will be equally divided
between proteins and fats. The 60:20:20 ratio of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats is ideal for maximum fat loss.
Keep Menus Simple and Food Substitutions to a Minimum:
Research has established that successful dieters prefer the same foods each day for breakfast and lunch. They like variety,
however, for dinner. Detailed menus and food choices are included later in this manual.
If you must vary from the menu items, try to stay within the 60:20:20 ratio of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
For Example
Daily Amount
Calories
2000
1900
1800
1700
1600
1500
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
Carbohydrate
60%
Protein
20%
Fat
20%
1200
1140
1080
1020
960
900
840
780
720
660
600
400
380
360
340
320
300
280
260
240
220
200
400
380
360
340
320
300
280
260
240
220
200
Avoid Too Much Stress:
Too much stress of any kind can cause the body to actually preserve fat stores. You should relax more. An after—dinner
walk at a leisurely pace is helpful. Extra sleep is suggested, since sleep facilitates fat loss and muscle recovery. Furthermore,
to keep the body well rested, no other exercises or activities are allowed during the six—week program. This is a
scientifically proven program that works. More is not better. Any additional exercise other than the amount recommended
can and will harm your fat loss.
70
Superhydrate Your System
Drinking plenty of water is essential to the success of this
program. Drinking the recommended amount of water can
seem like a challenge at first. Stick with it. Carry a large
sports bottle or similar item with you throughout the day.
After several weeks, you will find that you actually thirst
for more and more water, and the amounts recommended
are easily reached.
Superhydration aids fat loss in a number of ways. First, the
kidneys are unable to function without adequate water.
When they do not work to capacity some of their load is
dumped onto the liver.
This diverts the liver from its primary function, which is to
metabolize stored fat into usable energy. Because it’s
performing the chores of the water-depleted kidneys, the
liver metabolizes less fat.
Second, overeating can be averted through water intake, as
water can keep the stomach feeling full and satisfied
between meals.
Third, ice-cold water requires calories to warm it to core
body temperature. In fact, 1 gallon of ice cold water
generates 123 calories of heat energy.
You’ll be drinking from 1 to 1 5/8 gallons of water each day
on the following superhydration schedule:
Week 1 = drink 4
32-oz. bottles of ice-cold water per day.
Week 2 = drink 4.5 32-oz. bottles of ice-cold water per day.
Week 3 = drink 5
32-oz. bottles of ice-cold water per day.
Week 4 = drink 5.5 32-oz. bottles of ice-cold water per day.
Week 5 = drink 6
32-oz. bottles of ice-cold water per day.
Week 6 = drink 6.5 32-oz. bottles of ice-cold water per day.
Don’t be surprised if you have to make more than a dozen
trips to the restroom, especially during the first week of the
program. Remember, your body is an adaptive system, and
it will soon accommodate the increased water consumption.
71
Note: Although it is doubtful that you could ever drink too
much water, a few ailments can be negatively affected by large
amounts of fluid. For example, anyone with a kidney disorder,
or anyone who takes diuretics, should consult a physician
before going on the recommended water-drinking schedule. If
you have any doubts about the recommendations, play it safe
and check with your doctor.
The Eating Plan
The menus in the Bowflex eating plan are designed for
maximum fat-loss effectiveness and nutritional value. For
best results, follow them exactly.
Every attempt has been made to utilize current popular
brand names and accurate calorie counts, which are listed
in the menus. But as you probably realize the products are
sometimes changed or discontinued. If a listed item is not
available in your area, you’ll need to substitute a similar
product. Become an informed label reader at your
supermarket. Ask questions about any products you don’t
understand. Supermarket managers are usually helpful. If
they don’t have an answer to your question, they will get it
for you.
Each day you will choose a limited selection of foods for
breakfast and lunch. Most people can consume the same
basic breakfast and the same basic lunch for months with
little modification. Ample variety during your evening
meal, however, will make daily eating interesting and
enjoyable. Additionally, the eating plan includes a midafternoon and late-night snack to keep your energy high
and your hunger low.
You’ll always have a 300 calorie breakfast, a 300 calorie
lunch, and a 300 calorie dinner (women), or 500 calorie
dinner (men). With each two-week descend, only your
snack calories will change: from 400 to 300 to 200 calories
per day (men), or 300 to 200 to 100 calories per day
(women). For each of your five daily meals, you’ll have at
least three choices.
Everything has been simplified so even the most kitcheninept man or woman can succeed. Very little cooking is
required. All you have to do is read the menus, select your
food choices, and follow the directions. It’s as simple as
that.
If you find that you wish to vary from the outline menu
items try to stay with in the 60:20:20 ratio of
carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
Begin Week 1 on Monday and continue through Sunday.
Week 2 is a repeat of Week 1. Calories for each food are
noted in parentheses. A shopping list follows on page 74.
The eating plan for the next six weeks descends:
Week 1 & 2:
Men 1500 calories per day.
Women 1200 calories per day.
Week 3 & 4:
Men 1400 calories per day.
Women 1100 calories per day.
Week 5 & 6:
Men 1300 calories per day.
Women 1000 calories per day.
72
The Eating Plan
Breakfast = 300 calories.
Choice of bagel, cereal or shake.
Lunch = 300 calories.
Choice of one of three meals:
Bagel
1 plain bagel, Sarah Lee (frozen) (210)
3/4 ounce light cream cheese (45)
1/2 cup orange juice, fresh or frozen (55)
Any beverage without calories, caffeine, or sodium, such as
decaffeinated coffee or tea.
Sandwich
2 slices whole wheat bread (140)
2 teaspoons Promise Ultra Vegetable Oil Spread (24)
2 ounces white meat (about 8 thin slices), chicken or
turkey (80)
1 ounce fat-free cheese (1 1/2 slices) (50)
(Optional: Add to bread 1 teaspoon Dijon mustard (0)
Noncaloric beverage
Cereal
1.5 ounces (42 grams) serving equals
approximately 165 calories.
Choice of one: Kellogg’s Cracklin’ Oat Bran, General Mills
Clusters, Post Honey Bunches of Oats, General Mills Honey
Nut Cheerios
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
3/4 cup orange juice (82)
Noncaloric beverage
Shake (choice of one)
Banana—Orange
1 large banana (8 3/4 inches long) (100)
1/2 cup orange juice (55)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
2 tablespoons wheat germ (66)
1 teaspoon safflower oil (42)
2 ice cubes (optional)
Place ingredients in blender. Blend until smooth.
Chocolate or Vanilla
1 packet Carnation Instant Breakfast, Ultra Slim-Fast, or
another diet shake powder that contains the appropriate
calories (100)
1 cup skim milk (90)
1/2 large banana (8 3/4 inches long) (50)
1 teaspoon safflower oil (42)
1 teaspoon Carnation Malted Milk powder (20)
2 ice cubes (optional)
Place ingredients in blender. Blend until smooth.
73
Soup (choice of one)
Healthy Choice Turkey Vegetable, 15-ounce can (240), or
Campbell’s Healthy Request Hearty Chicken Rice, 16-ounce
can (240)
1 slice whole wheat bread (70)
Noncaloric beverage
Chef Salad
2 cups lettuce, chopped (20)
2 ounces white meat, chicken or turkey (80)
2 ounces fat-free cheese (100)
4 slices tomato, chopped (28)
1 tablespoon Italian, fat-free dressing (6)
1 slice whole wheat bread (70)
Noncaloric beverage
Mid-Afternoon Snack
Men = 200 calories for Weeks 1&2; 150 calories for Weeks
3&4; 100 calories for Weeks 5&6.
Women = 150 calories for Weeks 1&2; 100 calories for
Weeks 3&4; 50 calories for Weeks 5&6.
1 large banana (8 3/4 inches long) (100)
1 apple (3-inch diameter) (100)
1/2 cantaloupe (5-inch diameter) (94)
5 dried prunes (100)
1 ounce (2 small 1/2 ounce boxes) raisins (82)
1 cup light, nonfat, flavored yogurt (100)
The Eating Plan
Dinner = 500 or 300 calories.
Men = 500 calories, Women = 300 calories
Choice of one of three meals:
Tuna Salad Dinner
In a large bowl, mix the following:
1 6-ounce can chunk light tuna in water (180)
1 tablespoon Hellmann’s Light, Reduced-Calorie
Mayonnaise (50)
2 tablespoons sweet pickle relish (40)
1/4 cup whole kernel corn, canned, no salt added (30)
Noncaloric beverage
Men add:
1/2 cup sliced white potatoes, canned (45)
2 slices whole wheat bread (140)
Steak Dinner
3 ounces lean sirloin, broiled (176)
1/2 cup sweet peas, canned, no salt added (60)
1/2 cup beets, canned (35)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Noncaloric beverage
Men add:
2 slices whole wheat bread (140)
1 teaspoon Promise Ultra Vegetable Oil Spread (12)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Frozen Microwave Dinner
Choose one of five recommended meals:
Men add:
2 slices whole—wheat bread (140)
2 teaspoons Promise Ultra Vegetable Oil Spread (24)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Broccoli & Cheddar Cheese Sauce over Baked Potato,
Lean Cuisine Lunch Express (250)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Noncaloric beverage
Men add:
2 slices whole-wheat bread (140)
2 teaspoons Promise Ultra Vegetable Oil Spread (24)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Country Inn Roast Turkey Classic, Healthy Choice (250)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Noncaloric beverage
Men add:
2 slices whole-wheat bread (140)
2 teaspoons Promise Ultra Vegetable Oil Spread (24)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Late-Night Snack
Men = 200 calories for Weeks 1&2; 150 calories for Weeks
3&4; 100 calories for Weeks 5&6.
Women = 150 calories for Weeks 1&2; 100 calories for
Weeks 3&4; 50 calories for Weeks 5&6.
Afternoon snacks on page 72, plus the following:
1/2 cup low-fat frozen yogurt (100)
2 cups light, microwave popcorn (100)
Glazed Chicken Dinner, Lean Cuisine (240)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Noncaloric beverage
Men add:
2 slices whole wheat bread (140)
2 teaspoons Promise Ultra Vegetable Oil Spread (24)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Lasagna with Meat Sauce, Lean Cuisine (240)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Noncaloric beverage
Men add:
2 slices whole—wheat bread (140)
2 teaspoons Promise Ultra Vegetable Oil Spread (24)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Macaroni and Cheese, Weight Watchers (260)
1/2 cup skim milk (45)
Noncaloric beverage
74
Shopping List
Quantities needed for listed items will depend on
your specific selections. Review your choices and
adjust the shopping list accordingly. It may be helpful
for you to photocopy this list each week before doing
your shopping.
Chicken (thin sliced), turkey (thin sliced), tuna
(canned in water), sirloin steak (lean).
Canned soup:
Staples
Healthy Choice Turkey Vegetable, Campbell’s Healthy
Request Hearty Chicken Rice.
Orange juice, skim milk, whole-wheat bread, Promise
Ultra Vegetable Oil Spread, Italian fat-free dressing,
Dijon mustard, safflower oil, noncaloric beverages
(tea, decaffeinated coffee, diet soft drinks, water).
Frozen microwave dinners or entrees:
Grains
Bagels, Sarah Lee (frozen)
Cereals — 1.5 ounce serving equals approximately
165 calories; Kellogg's Cracklin’ Oat Bran, General
Mills Clusters, Post Honey Bunches of Oats, General
Mills Honey Nut Cheerios.
Wheat germ, malted milk powder, popcorn
(microwave light).
Fruits
Bananas, large (8 3/4 inches long), apples (3-inch
diameter), cantaloupes (5-inch diameter), dried
prunes, raisins.
Vegetables
Lettuce, tomatoes, whole kernel corn (canned no salt
added), sweet peas, (canned no salt added), sliced
white potatoes (canned), cut beets (canned).
Dairy
Yogurt (light nonfat), cream cheese (light), cheese
(fat-free), low-fat frozen yogurt, Carnation Instant
Breakfast packets, Ultra Slim-Fast Packets.
75
Meat, Poultry, Fish and Entrees
Lean Cuisine Glazed Chicken Dinner, Lean Cuisine
Lasagna with Meat Sauce, Lean Cuisine Lunch
Express Broccoli & Cheddar Cheese over Potato,
Weight Watchers Macaroni and Cheese, Healthy
Choice Country Inn Roast Turkey Classic.
Q&A
Q. I often get headaches when I eat only 1000 calories a
day. What should I do?
A. Your headaches may be caused by going longer than
three hours between meals or snacks. Try spacing your
meals and snacks where there are fewer hours between
them.
A. Some people who are used to drinking regular coffee
with caffeine notice headaches when they stop
consuming coffee for several days. If this is the case with
you, you might want to ease off the coffee more
gradually.
Q. I’m a middle-aged woman who gets black and blue
marks on my legs when I diet. Am I doing anything
wrong?
A. I doubt you are doing anything wrong. Such black and
blue marks are usually the result of an increased level of
estrogen circulating in your body, which weakens the
walls of the capillaries and causes them to break under
the slightest pressure. When this happens, blood escapes
and a bruise occurs. Estrogen is broken down in the
liver, and so is fat. When you are dieting, your liver
breaks down the fat, leaving a lot more estrogen in the
bloodstream.
Q. I don’t like red meat. I notice that the Lean Cuisine
Lasagna with Meat Sauce contains beef. What can I
substitute for it?
A. It may be helpful to supplement your diet with a little
extra vitamin C each day to help toughen the walls of
the capillaries.
A. Lean Cuisine has many other frozen dinners that you
may substitute for Lasagna with Meat Sauce. Try to find
one that contains the same calories, with approximately
15 to 20 percent of the calories coming from fat. Some of
the Lean Cuisine dinners actually have too little fat for
my nutritional requirements.
Q. I’m a 40-year-old woman with a teenage son and
daughter. My husband and I both want to lose 10
pounds and the children would also like to lose
some weight. Can I put the whole family on the
program?
Q. May I have dinner for lunch and lunch for dinner?
A. Yes.
Q. I tend to get a headache when I drink cold water.
Can I drink water without it being chilled?
A. Yes, but you won’t get the 123 calories or more
thermogenic effect from warming the cold water to core
body temperature. Try a more gradual drinking of the
cold water. You may have been consuming it too quickly.
Q. Is it possible to drink too much water?
A. Certainly. To do so, however, you’d probably have to
drink four or five times as much per day as I’m
recommending. There are a few ailments that can be
negatively affected by large amounts of fluid. If you feel
you have a problem, check with your doctor before
starting the program.
Q. Is bottled water better than tap water?
A. Research shows that bottled water is not always higher
quality water than tap water. The decision to drink
bottled water or not is usually one of taste. If you dislike
the taste of your tap water, then drink your favorite
bottled water. But first you might want to try a twist of
lemon or lime added to the water from your tap. Some
people say it makes a significant difference in the taste.
A. It would be great if you could, but you cannot. The
number of calories per day is the problem. Teenagers
require significantly more calories each day than 1500,
which is the highest level. Check with a registered
dietician (RD) for appropriate recommendations.
A. Your teenage son and daughter, however, could follow
the Bowflex exercise routines.
Q. I’m afraid that I might get large, unfeminine muscles
from some of the Bowflex exercises you recommend
in this course. What can I do to prevent this from
happening?
A. You are worrying about large muscles unnecessarily.
Building large muscles requires two conditions. First, the
individual must have long muscles and short tendons.
Second, an abundance of testosterone must be present in
the blood stream. Women almost never have either of
these conditions.
A. Under no circumstances could 99.99 percent of
American women develop excessively large muscles.
Progressive resistance exercise such as Bowflex will
make your muscles larger – but not excessively large –
and larger muscles will make your body firmer and more
shapely.
76
Q&A
Q. Why is it so important I perform the Bowflex
exercises with a 4-second count on the lifting and
lowering?
A. Because a slow, smooth 4-second lifting followed by a
4-second lowering involves more muscle fibers more
thoroughly than faster speeds of movement. The more
completely each involved muscle fiber works simply
means you’ll get better muscle-building results.
Q. I’m confused about how to breathe during each
Bowflex exercise?
A. Let’s say your goal is to do 10 repetitions on a specific
Bowflex exercise that is performed in the recommended
4-second lifting and 4-second lowering style. Here are
the proper breathing guidelines to follow:
• Breathe normally during the first five repetitions.
• Take shorter, more shallow breaths during the sixth,
seventh and eighth repetitions.
• Emphasize exhalation more than inhalation, especially
during the ninth and tenth repetitions. Focus on good
form and slow movement.
• Do not hold your breath on any repetition. Practice
relaxing your face and neck. Do not grit your teeth. Keep
your eyes open and remain alert.
Q. I’m not as disciplined and patient as I’d like to be.
How can I better stay on track with the program?
A. One suggestion is to team up with a partner. Most
people are more motivated and make better progress if
they go through the program with a friend. In selecting a
training partner, here are several things to keep in mind:
• Your partner should be similar to you in age and
condition.
• Your partner should be serious about getting into shape
and making a commitment. That commitment means
you’ll be exercising together one hour, three times per
week. Each of your joint training sessions should take
approximately 50 minutes: 25 minutes for your workout
and 25 minutes supervising your partner’s workout.
• Your partner should be someone with whom you’ll share
a spirit of cooperation, not competition.
• Your partner should not be your spouse, brother, sister, or
other family member. You do not want normal interpersonal
problems to interfere with the training.
77
Q. Why won’t you allow me to do aerobic dancing on
my off-days to speed up the loss of body fat?
A. Because doing so doesn’t speed up fat loss. Aerobic dancing
– and other activities such as running, swimming, cycling,
stair-stepping, and racquetball – do not contribute
significantly to the fat-loss process. In fact, when added to
proper strength training they can actually retard the
reduction of fat.
A. Fat loss is retarded in two ways. Too much repetitive
activity prevents maximum muscle building by using up
your recover ability. A well-rested recover ability is
necessary for muscle growth. Too much activity –
especially if you are on a reduced-calorie diet – causes
you to get the blahs and quickly lose your enthusiasm. If
this happens, you’re sure to break your diet.
A. The primary purpose of this program is to lose fat in the
most effective and most efficient manner. Fat loss is
prioritized and maximized by building muscle at the same
time. The muscle-building process is optimized by a wellrested recovery ability, which necessitates keeping your
strenuous and moderately strenuous activities to a bare
minimum.
A. Once you get your body fat to a low level, you can add
other activities — and I encourage you to do so — to
your weekly fitness schedule. For now, follow the plan
exactly as directed.
Q. What happens after six weeks? How do I continue
the program if I need to lose more weight?
A. You should repeat the program for as long as it takes you
to reach your goal. For example, it took Barry Ozer three
six-week sessions – 18 weeks – to lose all of his
excessive fat, which amounted to 75 pounds. There are,
however, a few guidelines and modifications to apply.
A. Repeat the eating plan exactly as before: Men, go back to
1500 calories a day for two weeks. Women, go back to
1200 calories a day for two weeks. Then, descend your
calories in the same manner.
A. Keep your superhydration schedule at the highest level.
In other words, sip 1 5/8 gallons of ice-cold water each
day.
A. Continue your Bowflex exercise routine at the highest level.
Perform the same 10 exercises three times per week. Try to
get as strong as you can in each exercise, while always
focusing on the 4-second count in both lifting and lowering.
Q&A
Q. I’m pleased that I lost the fat I wanted to lose. What
do I do to maintain my new body weight?
A. Once you’ve lost your excessive fat, your next task is to
maintain that status. Here are the adjustments you need
to make to your current practices.
Adhere to a carbohydrate-rich, moderate-calorie
eating plan.
Instead of eating from 1000 to 1500 calories a day, you’ll be
consuming from 1600 to 2400 calories per day. Maybe you
can eat even more after your new body weight has
stabilized. Trial-and-error experimentation is a must.
Women should start with 1600 calories, and men with 2000
calories per day. Note what happens after a week. If your
body weight keeps going down, raise the calories by 100 or
200, depending on how much weight you lost during the
last week. Soon, you should reach a level where your body
weight stabilizes. That level is your daily calorie
requirement. Naturally, you’ll be able to consume other
foods than those listed in the Bowflex eating plan. By then,
however, you should know the value of being a smart
shopper and a wise eater. Read labels. Compare nutritional
information. Be conscious of the ideal 60:20:20 ratio for
carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
Eat smaller meals more frequently.
You’ve been limiting your five meals per day to 300 calories
if you’re a woman, or 500 calories if you’re a man. You may
now up the calories by 100. What happens if during a
single meal you eat more than 400 calories if you’re a
woman, or 600 calories if you’re a man? Don’t panic.
Simply understand that you will sometimes backslide.
Learn to anticipate these urges and take corrective action.
Drink at least 1 gallon of cold water each day.
You should realize by now the benefits of consuming plenty
of water each day. Make your water bottle a permanent part
of your lifestyle.
Add variety to your Bowflex routines.
Now is the time to introduce more variety to your routines
by adding some new exercises while removing some old
ones. Below are two sample routines.
Maintenance Routine 1
1. Seated hip abduction
2. Seated hip adduction
3. Seated Straight Leg Calf Raise
4. Chest fly
5. Incline bench press
6. Shoulder pullover
7. Shoulder shrug
8. Standing biceps curl
9. Seated wrist curl
10. Seated wrist extension
Maintenance Routine 2
1. Leg Curl
2. Leg extension
3. Standing lateral shoulder raise
4. Seated shoulder press
5. Rear delt row
6. Decline press
7. Reverse curl
8. Seated triceps extension
9. Low back extension
10. Abdominal crunch
Look in your Bowflex Owner’s Manual for descriptions of
the new exercises.
Be consistent with your Bowflex exercising, healthy eating,
and superhydrating — and your accomplishments may well
exceed your goals.
Train on Bowflex at least twice a week.
There are two primary differences between maintenance
and strength-building routines. First, for maintenance, you
do not have to increase the resistance each week or so. If
you can do 100 pounds for 12 repetitions on the leg
extension, then keep it on 100 pounds and do not go up to
105 pounds. You can maintain the 100-pound level much
easier that you can increase it. Second, you do not need to
train three times a week. You can maintain your strength at
twice a week.
78
Exercise Log
Please feel free to make copies of this chart to continue your exercise log.
EXERCISE
DATE
Sets
Bench Press
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
Sets
Reps
Resistance
79
2
10, 9
120, 130
DATE
DATE
DATE
DATE
DATE
Muscle Chart
Sternocleidomastoid
Trapezious
Pectoralis Major
Anterior Deltoid
Medial Deltoid
Biceps
Brachialis
External
Obliques
Serratus Anterior
Rectus Abdominus
Posterior Deltoid
Infraspinatus
Teres Major
Flexor Digitorum
Superficials
Triceps
Latissimus
Dorsi
Brachioradialis
Pronator Teres
Flexor Carpi
Radialis
Gluteus
Medius
Tensor
Fasciae
Latae
Gluteus
Maximus
Iliopsoas
Adductor
Magnus
Pectineus
Adductor Longus
Rectus Femoris
Iliotibial Tract
Vastus Lateralis
Gracilis
Vastus Medialis
Biceps
Femoris
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus
Sartorius
Peroneus Longus
Gastrocnemius
Extensor Digitorum
Longus
Soleus
Tibialis Anterior
80
®
BOWFLEX
®
BOWFLEX
FITNESS
®
This manual is written and designed by industry professionals.
If you have any questions regarding your Bowflex or any instructions
found in this manual please call 1-800-269-3539 for assistance.
©2001 Direct Focus, Inc., 1400 NE 136th Ave. Vancouver, WA, 98684. U.S. Patent numbers 4620704,
4725057, and 4756527. Other foreign and domestic patents pending. Bowflex and the Bowflex logo are
registered trademarks of Direct Focus, Inc.