Breckwell W3000 Stove User Manual

W3000
Freestanding
Insert
OWNER’S MANUAL
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Warning: If your appliance is not properly installed a house fire may result. For your safety, follow
the installation directions. Contact local building or fire officials about restrictions and installation
inspection requirements in your area.
PLEASE read this entire manual before installation and use of this pellet fuel-burning room heater.
Failure to follow these instructions could result in property damage, bodily injury, or even death.
Save these instructions
PROFESSIONAL INSTALLATION IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
Manufactured by
National Steelcrafters of Oregon, Inc.
DBA Breckwell Hearth Products
Eugene, Oregon
Grand Prairie, Texas
BRECKWELL HEARTH PRODUCTS
CW-L-001
12/03
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INTRODUCTION
Thank you for purchasing the Breckwell Wood Burning Stove. To achieve the safest,
highest efficiency, and most enjoyable performance from your stove, you must do three
things: 1) Install it properly. 2) Operate it correctly. 3) Maintain it regularly. The purpose of this
manual is to help you do all three. PLEASE read this entire manual thoroughly before you
install and operate your new room heater and KEEP THIS MANUAL in a handy place
for future reference. Failure to follow instructions may result in property damage,
bodily injury, or even death.
This stove has been independently tested and approved in accordance with the relevant
portions of UL 1482-1996 “Solid-Fuel Type Room Heaters”.
Consult with your local building code agency or fire officials, and insurance representative
before you begin your installation to ensure compliance with local codes, including the need
for permits and follow-up inspections. The W3000FS and W3000I must be installed in
accordance with the manufacture’s installations and with local codes.
Burn your stove moderately hot during the first couple of fires to allow the paint to cure. Do
not set anything on top of the stove and clear any dust or debris off of the stove before firing.
The paint will become soft and gummy as the stove heats up and will harden as the stove
cools.
During the break-in period, open the door frequently (every 5 – 10 minutes) to keep the
gasket from sticking to the paint as it cures.
During the paint curing process, it will emit a non-toxic smoke. Opening a window near the
stove will help this to dissipate. Only High Temp Paint, available from your Breckwell dealer,
should be used for touch-ups. We recommend Stove Bright #6309 – Metallic Black.
During the first few weeks, the stove will go through a process if eliminating moisture in the
steel and firebrick. This moisture will reduce the initial heat output of the stove. Once the
paint has cured, it will be necessary to build several hot fires to remove this moisture. For the
first week or two, burn the stove with the damper wide open for an hour and use generous
amounts of fuel. DO NOT OVERFIRE THE STOVE DURING THIS PROCESS. IF THE
STOVE OR CHIMNEY BECOMES RED, REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF AIR COMING
INTOTHE STOVE.
Commercial and industrial installations of Breckwell Wood Stoves should not be used since
operational control is often not well managed in these settings.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Model: _____W3000________________
Style: ____________________________
Serial Number:_____________________
Purchase Date: ____________________
Purchased From:___________________
___________________
___________________
MAIL YOUR WARRANTY CARD TODAY
To receive full warranty coverage, you will
need to show evidence of the date you
purchased your stove. We suggest that
you attach your sales invoice to this page,
and fill in the form on the left, so that you
will have all the information you need in
one place should the need for service or
information occur.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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Never use gasoline, gasolinetype lantern fuel, kerosene, charcoal lighter
fluid, or similar liquids to start or “freshen
up” a fire in this stove. Keep all such liquids
well away from the stove while in use.
Do not touch the hot surfaces of
the heater. Educate all children of the
danger of a high temperature stove. Young
children should be supervised when they
are in the same room as the stove.
Never try to repair or replace any
part of the stove unless instructions are
given in this manual. All other work should
be done by a trained technician.
Do not throw this manual away.
This manual has important operating and
maintenance instructions that you will need
at a later time. Always follow the
instructions in this manual.
Do not place clothing or other
flammable items on or near the stove.
The viewing door must be closed
and latched during operation.
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Never block free airflow through
the open vents of the stove.
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Contact your local building
officials to obtain a permit and information
on any installation restrictions or inspection
requirements in your area. Notify your
insurance company of this stove as well.
This unit must be properly
installed to prevent the possibility of a
house fire. The instructions must be strictly
adhered to. Do not use makeshift methods
or compromise in the installation.
Allow the stove to cool before
carrying out any maintenance or cleaning.
Ashes must be disposed in a metal
container with a tight lid and placed on a
no combustible surface well away from the
home structure.
This stove must be connected to
a standard 115 V., 60 Hz grounded
electrical outlet when using the optional
blower kit. Do not use an adapter plug or
sever the grounding plug. Do not route the
electrical cord underneath, in front of, or
over the stove.
The exhaust system must be
completely airtight and properly installed.
Your stove requires periodic
maintenance and cleaning. Failure to
maintain your stove may lead to smoke
spillage in your home.
The exhaust system should be
checked, at a minimum, at least twice a
year for any build up of soot or creosote.
When installed in a mobile
home, the stove must be bolted to the
floor, have outside air, and NOT BE
INSTALLED IN A BEDROOM (Per H.U.D.
requirements). Check with local building
officials.
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Breckwell Hearth Products
grants no warranty, implied or stated,
for the installation or maintenance of
your stove, and assumes no
responsibility of any consequential
damage(s).
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SAFETY INFORMATION
When operating your W3000FS and W3000I, respect basic safety standards. Read these
instructions carefully and completely before beginning any installation procedures or
attempting to operate the heater. Failure to do so may result in damage to property or
personal injury and may void the product warranty.
CAUTION: WHILE THE STOVE IS BURNING, THE DAMPER ROD MUST BE FULLY
OPEN BEFORE OPENING THE DOOR TO AVOID COMBUSTION FLASH.
Installation and repair of the W3000FS and W3000I Wood Stove should be done by a
qualified service person. The W3000FS and W3000I, Chimney connector and chimney
should be inspected by a qualified service person before the heating season, and at least
once a month during the heating season to determine if a creosote build up had occurred.
Due to high surface temperatures, the W3000FS and W3000I should be located out of traffic
areas and away from furniture and draperies.
Children and adults should be alerted to the hazards of high surface temperatures and should
stay away to avoids burns or clothing ignition. Young children should be carefully supervised
when they are in the same room as the heater.
If the blower cover plate (W3000FS) or the optional blower assembly have been removed for
service, they must be replaced prior to operating the heater.
WARNING: DO NOT OPERATE HEATER WITH THE GLASS PANEL REMOVED,
CRACKED OR BROKEN. REPLACEMENT OF THE PANEL SHOULD BE DONE BY A
LICENSED OR QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSON.
Ensure adequate combustion and ventilation air are provided, and that they are not
obstructed.
CREOSOTE – FORMATION AND NEED FOR REMOVAL
When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar and other organic vapors, which combine with
expelled moisture to form creosote. The creosote vapors condense in the relatively cool
chimney flue of a slow-burning fire. As a result, creosote residue accumulates on the flue
lining. When ignited, this creosote makes an extremely hot fire, which may damage the
chimney or even cause a house fire. In the event of a chimney fire, CALL THE FIRE
DEPARTMENT IMMEDIATELY.
Before each heating season the entire chimney system should be professionally inspected,
cleaned and, if necessary, repaired. The chimney connector and chimney should be
inspected at least once a month during the heating season to determine if creosote build up
has occurred. The chimney system should be inspected at the chimney connector and at the
chimney top. Cooler surfaces tend to build creosote deposits quicker, so it is important to
check the chimney from the top as well as from the bottom.
If creosote has accumulated it should be remove to reduce the risk of a chimney fire. The
creosote should be removed with a brush specifically designed for the type of chimney in use.
A qualified chimney sweep can perform this service.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SAFETY INFORMATION
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Creosote – Formation and Need for Removal ---------------------------------------------------INSTALLATION
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Specifications ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Clearances
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Venting
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Freestanding Installations
--------------------------------------------------------------------------Insert Installations
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Pedestal Assembly -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Optional Blower Installation --------------------------------------------------------------------------Outside Air Kit
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Special Mobil Home Requirements
---------------------------------------------------------------Installing the Brick Panels -----------------------------------------------------------------------------OPERATION
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Natural Draft
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Negative Pressure --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Fuel ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Building a Fire
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Disposal of Ashes
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Keeping the Door Glass Clean ----------------------------------------------------------------------Maximizing Your Stoves Efficiency
----------------------------------------------------------------Achieving Long, Clean Burns ------------------------------------------------------------------------MAINTENANCE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Door --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Gaskets ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Poor Draft
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Dirty Glass ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wood Burns Too Fast
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Stove Emits Odor ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Poor Heat Output ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Smokes When Door is Open -------------------------------------------------------------------------REPLACEMENT PARTS LIST
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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6
INSTALLATION
Several issues must be addressed when selecting a suitable location for your
W3000 wood stove. Observing required clearances to combustible materials, the
proximity to a safe chimney, and electrical supply (if optional blower in use) must all
be considered. In addition, selecting a location that takes advantage of the building’s
natural air flow is also desirable to maximize the heating effectiveness of the heater.
In many cases, this is a central location within the building.
The floor in front of the stove must be protected as
shown in figure 2 and as listed below. The floor
protection must also extend 8” to either side of the
door opening.
When hearth protection is a minimum of 2” high (Q),
The depth (R) must be a minimum of 24”
SPECIFICATIONS
When hearth protection is a minimum of 4” high (Q),
The depth (R) must be a minimum of 21”
FREESTANDING:
Width: 26”
Height: 29 ½”
Depth: 21 ¾” (total - from face)
Weight: 430 lbs.
Flue size: 6”
EPA status: Non-Catalytic – 2.28 Grams Per Hour
Burn time: 7 – 9 hours
BTU range: 9,500 to 37,000 BTU’s/hr
Approved installations:
When hearth protection is a minimum of 6” high (Q),
The depth (R) must be a minimum of 18”
When the stove is installed in factory built fireplaces,
2” of clearance must be maintained under the
portion of the insert that extends out over the hearth
extension.
DO NOT USE MAKESHIFT MATERIALS OR
COMPROMISES IN THE INSTALLATION OF THIS
UNIT.
FIREPLACE INSERT:
Width: 22 7/8” (at fireplace rear)
26” (at fireplace opening)
Height: 20” (in fireplace)
Depth: 21 ¼” (total – from face)
12 ¾” (in fireplace)
Flashing Size: 40 ½” W x 26 5/8” H (medium)
48 ½” W x 30 5/8” H (large)
Weight: 430 lbs.
Flashing: 13 lbs.
Flue size: 6”
EPA status: Non-Catalytic – 2.28 Grams Per Hour
Burn time: 7 – 9 hours
BTU range: 9,500 to 37,000 BTU’s/hr
Approved installations: zero-clearance, masonry
INSTALL VENT WITH CLEARANCES SPECIFIED
BY THE VENT MANUFACTURER.
CLEARANCES
W3000FS
The stove must be placed on a continuous (grouted joints) noncombustible material
such as ceramic tile, cement board, brick, 3/8” millboard or equivalent ½” material
with a k+ .84 insulation factor, or other approved or listed material suited for floor
protection. Check local codes for approved alternatives. Clearances for floor
protection are measured from the sides, back, and face (door opening) as shown in
figure 1.
FIGURE 1
Minimum clearance to combustibles must be maintained as shown in figure 2 and
the following chart.
Single Wall
Connector
Double Wall
Connector
Alcove with
Double Wall
Mobile Home
Double Wall
A
B*
C
D*
E*
F
G
H
24”
14”
16”
14”
7”
16”
84”
30”
22”
12 ½”
12”
10”
7”
16”
84”
30”
22”
12 ½”
12”
10”
7”
16”
84”
30”
22”
12 ½”
12”
10”
7”
16”
84”
30”
*Given for reference only. Always maintain the clearances listed to the pipe.
W3000I
Minimum clearances to combustibles must be maintained as shown in figure 3 and
the following chart. NOTE: Materials projecting more than ¾” from the wall are
considered mantels.
W3000I
W3000I
w/Heat Shield*
I
24”
J
32”
K
18”
L
9”
M
19 15/16”
N
4 9/16”
O
8 ½”
P
12 5/8”
16”
24”
18”
9”
19 15/16”
4 9/16”
8 ½”
12 5/8”
*Use only the Breckwell Heat Shield – Part Number CW-S-157.
FIGURE 2
INSTALLATION
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INSERT
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE FOR MASONRY CHIMNEY
NOTE: Although not required, a full length stainless steel liner
(UL1770) is recommended for optimum safety and
performance.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
FIGURE 3
VENTING
FREESTANDING
The W3000FS is approved for use with double wall connector and
the same manufacture’s chimney systems as follows:
REQUIREMENTS FOR FACTORY-BUILT ZERO
CLEARANCE FIREPLACE
NOTE: When the W3000I is installed in a zero clearance factorybuilt fireplace the liner must be 6 inch stainless steel (UL1770)
and be lined to the chimney top.
1.
Simpson Dura-Vent Model DVL
Selkirk Metalbestos DS
Security Chimneys Model DL
2.
1.
3.
2.
Install the chimney by following the manufacture’s instructions.
YOUR CHIMNEY MUST COMPLY WITH LOCAL BUILDING
AND FIRE CODES.
Install the first piece of pipe, crimped end down, into the flue
collar on the stove ensuring an airtight connection. Continue
stacking pipe in this manner until within reach of chimney. Use
only an air tight slip joint to make the connection to the
chimney.
All horizontal runs of pipe should be as short as possible and are
required by NFPA No. 211 to have an upward pitch or rise in the
same direction the smoke travels of no less than ¼” to the linear
foot. The connector pipe must meet minimum clearances in any
direction to walls or other combustible materials. It must attach to a
listed metal chimney at least 6” in diameter with a minimum
thickness of 24 gauge, or to a masonry chimney with a flue passage
of at least 48 square inches.
It is required that a chimney connector pipe not extend further than
the inner wall of the flue when it is connected to a masonry chimney,
and that it either be cemented to the masonry or be installed without
cement in a thimble connected to the masonry wall. When the
connector is inserted in a thimble, the joint must be tight enough so
that it will not be dislodged in normal use. Install the connector at no
less than the minimum clearances from the ceiling when using a 90degree elbow to pass through combustible constructions.
Chimney connector pipes should never pass through a floor, ceiling,
firewall, and partition or combustion construction of any type unless
certain precautions are taken. The best method is to use a listed
thimble and a listed insulated chimney in accordance with the
manufacturer’s directions. NFPA No. 211 also gives some approved
methods for passing a flue pipe through combustible constructions.
Read entire installation instructions and complete and return
the warranty card.
Check all required clearances as specified in figure 3.
Open or remove the existing fireplace damper.
Locate the leveling nuts on each side of the outer chamber of
the stove at the lower rear corners. Install the supplied carriage
bolts with the head down, through each nut from the bottom
sides and not extending below the stove bottom.
Position the stove on the hearth and in far enough so that the
flue opening and the damper are aligned. The stove may need
to be offset to one side to allow enough room to connect the
pipe.
When the W3000I is installed in a Masonry chimney the
stainless steel liner must directly connect at least up to the tile
liner.
Center and push the stove in flush with the fireplace face.
Adjust the leveling bolts until the stove is level.
Install the flashings and push the stove up snug against the
face of the fireplace.
4.
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The W3000I must only be installed in a zero clearance factorybuilt fireplace that is structurally sound. Fireboxes or chimneys
that have flaws, burn-outs, or warpage must be replaced or
repaired prior to installation. Check with your fireplace
manufacturer if any problems exist.
All convection vents and louvers must be left unmodified and
unobstructed.
The W3000I can be installed in factory-built zero clearance
fireplaces with minimum cavity dimensions of 36 inches in
width, 22 inches in height, and 14 inches in depth.
Modifications allowed to the factory-built fireplaces are as
follows:
Removal of the damper.
Removal of the smoke shelf on the baffle.
Removal of the ember catches.
Removal of the viewing screen/curtain.
Removal of the side and rear bricks.
Removal of the fire grate.
Removal of the doors.
DO NOT CONNECT THIS UNIT TO A CHIMNEY FLUE SERVING
ANOTHER APPLIANCE.
INSTALL VENT AT CLEARANCES SPECIFIED BY THE VENT
MANUFACTURER.
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INSTALLATION
PEDESTAL ASSEMBLY – W3000FS
W3000I
Note: The W3000FS wood stove is heavy. Be prepared to handle
the weight to avoid damage or injury. Wearing gloves during
installation is recommended.
1.
Carefully unpack the blower assembly. Determine which side of
the stove the power supply will be located. The blower comes
standard with the power cord installed on the right side of the
blower housing. If power outlet is on the left side, the blower
cord can be rerouted to the left side by removing the rubber
grommet and cord, and reinstalling on the left side in the same
location.
2.
Install blower assembly to the stove face by first loosening the
two ¼” cap screws underneath the ash lip. Locate the blower
assembly by lining up the screws on the blower housing to the
two cap screws. Slide blower housing from left to right, and
then tighten the two cap screws.
3.
Route the fan cord so that it is not coming into contact within
part if the stove. Plug the blower cord into the power outlet.
1.
Carefully lay the stove on its back on carpet or other material
that will prevent damage to the finish.
2.
Align the mounting tabs on the pedestal with the mounting
holes in the bottom of the stove making sure that the opening
in the pedestal is facing the back of the stove. Using the two
3/8” x 3/8” bolts firmly tighten the pedestal to the stove.
3.
Carefully stand the stove back up. If the stove is not centered
on the pedestal, loosen the bolts (do not fully remove), realign
the stove, and firmly retighten the bolts.
OPTIONAL BLOWER INSTALLATION
OUTSIDE AIR KIT – W3000FS ONLY
WARNING: Electrical Grounding Instructions. This appliance is
equipped with a three-prong (grounding) plug for your
protection against shock hazard and should be plugged
directly into a properly grounded three-prong receptacle. Do
not cut o remove the grounding prong from this plug.
1.
Making sure that all minimum clearances are met, position the
stove on the floor protection. Draw an outline around the
pedestal on the floor protector. Remove the stove.
2.
In the center of the outline of the pedestal foot print, cut a 4 ½”
diameter hole through the floor protector and floor. Make four 1
½” cuts in one end of the tube and fold out to make flaps. Insert
the tube through the hole, cover it with the screen, and secure
it to the floor protector.
3.
Using a 3/8” wrench or socket, remove the 5 screws holding
the blower cover plate in place. Do not discard the cover plate/
(If the blower is ever removed, the cover plate MUST be
reinstalled) place it in the pedestal, or any other safe place.
Place the stove back on the floor protector. If the stove is to be
fastened to the floor, use lag bolts long enough to penetrate
well into the floor. Use the mounting holes provided inside the
pedestal.
4.
Using the 5 screws from step 1, install the blower as shown in
figure 4. Firmly tighten the screws, but so not over tighten as
you may strip the holes out.
Install the pedestal cover by aligning the screw holes in the
pedestal with the holes in the cover, making sure that the cover
recesses into the pedestal (see figure 5).
5.
Using a silicone dealer, seal all cracks between the pedestal
cover and the stove, as well as cracks between the floor
protector and pedestal base.
Both blower kits contain a blower assembly and speed control unit.
W3000FS
Never operate the stove without either the blower or the blower
cover in place.
1.
2.
3.
Plug the speed control into the nearest outlet. Route the fan
cord so that it is not coming into contact with any part if the
stove. Plug the blower cord into the speed control unit.
BLOWER ASSEMBLY
W3000FS
FIGURE 4
FIGURE 5
INSTALLATION
SPECIAL MOBILE / MANUFACTURED HOME
REQUIREMENTS
WARNING: Do not install in a sleeping room.
For installation in a mobile/manufactured home, the
outside air kit must be used.
(See “OUTSIDE AIR KIT – W3000FS ONLY”)
The W3000FS must be securely fastened to the floor
of the mobile (manufactured) home using the
mounting bolt holes located in the pedestal of the
W3000FS. Use only the holes provided.
If the optional blower is used the W3000FS must be
grounded to the steel chassis of the home with 8 Ga.
Copper wire using a serrated or star washer to
penetrate paint or protective coating to ensure
grounding.
WARNING: DURING THE INSTALLATION OF THIS
STOVE, DO NOT COMPROMISE THE
STRUCTUARL INTEGRITY OF THE MOBILE
(MANUFACTURED) HOME WALL(S), FLOOR OR
CEILING.
FIGURE 6
INSTALLING THE BRICK PANELS
The brick panels will come already installed in the
W3000. The following directions are included should
you ever need to remove and re-install the brick
panels.
Wearing gloves is recommended when handling the
brick panels.
Install the brick panels shown in figure 6 in the
following order: C, A (rear), D, A (bottom). Next install
the ‘B’ panels on the secondary tubes.
(See figures 7 & 8)
BRICK SIZES
A = 10” x 12”
B = 9-3/4” x 15-1/4”
C = 9” x 7-7/8”
D = 2-7/8” x 20”
FIGURE 7
FIGURE 8
9
10
OPERATION
NATURAL DRAFT
The chimney serves a dual purpose of drawing combustion air into the stove and exhausting combustion by-products. Draft is the force
which moves exhaust gases up the chimney (hot air rises). As the exhaust rises up the chimney, combustion air is drawn into the stove to
replace it. Your stove relies on natural draft for its only source of combustion air. Poor draft can cause poor combustion and smoke. Too
much draft can cause excessive burn rates and high temperature in the stove. Some of the things that can affect natural drafting are size
and length of the chimney, nearby obstructions, and geographical location. Your Breckwell dealer will be able to help you match your stove
to a proper chimney system.
NEGATIVE PRESSURE
This stove is not to be operated in a negative pressure area. Negative pressure can be caused by large exhaust fans in airtight homes, or by
air return for a forced air heating systems in the same room as the stove. This can lead to back drafting of the stove pulling combustion
exhaust into the room. An outside air source connected to the stove will not eliminate the source of negative pressure. To eliminate negative
pressure problems, be sure your home has an adequate make-up air supply.
FUEL
For best efficiency and heat output, burn dry, seasoned wood only. Never burn wet wood, driftwood, wood that has been in salt water, trash,
cardboard, coal, rubbish, etc. Burning fuel other than dry, seasoned wood may be illegal in some areas. Seasoned wood is wood that has
been cut, split, and stored in dry, covered area in a manner that allows for free airflow around the wood for an extended period of time (6
months minimum).
BUILDING A FIRE
1.
Never use gasoline, gasoline-type lantern fuel, kerosene, charcoal lighter fluid, or other similar liquids to start or ‘freshen up’ a fire in
this heater. Keep all such liquids well away from the heater while in use.
2.
Do not use a grate or any other means of elevating the fire. Always build the fire on the surface of the firebrick.
3.
Pull the damper rod completely out. The damper controls the burn rate and amount of air coming in to the stove. Pulling it out allows
more air in to the stove, a higher burn rate. Pushing it in lessens the air coming into the stove, a lower burn rate.
4.
Crumple up some paper and place on firebrick between the front and center of brick. Cover the paper with several pieces of kindling.
For a cold chimney, one or two extra pieces of paper may be placed on top of the kindling to help establish draft.
5.
Light the paper and allow enough time for the kindling to get burning. Depending on the natural draft of your stove, the door may need
to be left open slightly during this startup process.
6.
Once the kindling is burning well more wood may be added. For best results, use gradually increasing sizes of wood before adding
larger pieces for longer burns. Always allow enough time for the wood to get burning well before adding larger pieces of wood. When
loading wood, always be careful not to dislodge the upper brick baffle.
7.
After establishing the desired fire (about 15-20 minutes), be sure to check the exhaust for excessive amounts of smoke. Excessive
smoke indicates an improper burn rate (damper setting). Readjust if necessary and recheck again after 5-10 minutes.
8.
The optional fan should only be used after the stove is completely reheated. The speed should be set to match the burn rate, a low
burn – low fan, a high burn – high fan.
DISPOSAL OF ASHES
Ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tight fitting lid. The closed container of ashes should be placed on a noncombustible
surface or on the ground, well away from all combustible materials pending final disposal. If ashes are disposed of by soil burial or otherwise
locally dispersed, they should be retained in the closed container until all cinders have been thoroughly cooled.
KEEPING THE DOOR GLASS CLEAN
No stove door glass stays perfectly clean. The most important factor in keeping the glass clean is to burn only well seasoned wood. Burning
wet wood will make the glass dirty. The airwash system, which directs the incoming combustion air across the glass, is designed to help
keep the glass clean. The airwash performs best at medium burn rates. The glass is also kept clean by the high temperatures inside the
firebox. Cool temperatures in the firebox will cause condensation of the exhaust by-products on the glass. Do not expect the glass to stay
clean during longer burn times. If your glass gets very dirty during overnight burns, try preheating the stove longer before shitting the damper
down. Load wood towards the rear of the stove. Keeping freshly loaded wood away from the glass will also help. This stove will self clean by
burning very hot fires, but do not over fire. If the stove or chimney system glows, you are over firing. Proper burning habits and an
understanding of how your stove operates will help you keep your door glass clean, but remember that no door glass will stay perfectly
clean.
OPERATION
MAXIMIZING YOUR STOVES EFFICIENCY
Heat transfer can be enhanced by slowing the rate of incoming combustion air, allowing more time for heat to be transferred in to your
home. Slowing the rate of incoming air also slows the rate of exhaust going up the chimney and carrying heat away with it. To achieve this,
always thoroughly preheat your stove before closing the damper.
The following are some tips for getting the most out of your stove:
1. Always thoroughly preheat your stove before slowing the burn rate (closing the damper).
2. Always operate your stove as much as possible in the low to medium burn rates.
3. Temperature measurements taken from the hottest point on the stove, on the top or face, can be used to repeat burn rates.
4. Do not continually operate your stove with the damper wide open. This can damage your stove and chimney. It is a waste of wood, and
is very inefficient causing excessive heat loss through the chimney.
5. Periodically go outside and check your chimney. More than a very small amount of smoke indicates wasted heat, creosote build up and
pollution.
6. Do not set the damper so low as to completely extinguish the flames in the firebox. Check for at least some flames 20 minutes after
setting the damper. Adjust if needed.
ACHIEVING LONG, CLEAN BURNS
It is important to realize that stove technology and design have changed over the years, as well as proper operation. In older
stoves the mind set was to get the stove as hot as possible before setting the damper on low for long burns. This no longer
applies to your new Breckwell stove. It is still important to have the stove hot enough to burn efficiently, but this will now take less
pre-heating than older stoves. After some initial experimentation, you will be able to determine the optimum operating
temperatures for various burn rates. Breckwell wood stoves are emission tested to EPA standards with the damper fully closed for
low burn rates Whether or not you should burn your stove with the damper completely closed will depend on the following
factors:
•
Moisture content and type of wood.
•
How you load your wood.
•
Your chimney system.
•
The temperature of the stove.
After thoroughly pre-heating the stove, using a stove/chimney thermometer, monitor the temperature on the top of the stove. Use 325
degrees as a starting point. When the top reaches the target temperature, close the damper all the way in. If the flames go completely out,
open the damper all the way and then slowly close until there is a small amount of flame. Remember to check the stove in twenty minutes
after adjusting the damper as it takes this long for the stove to stabilize. There should still be some small flames on or above the wood.
Try varying the target temperature in increments of 25 degrees. If the stove is burning the wood too quickly, use a lower temperature. If
there are no flames in the firebox after a few minutes, use a higher temperature. You may need to burn the stove with the damper fully open
for a few minutes before setting for a low burn. Never smolder a fire during a long burn. Check your chimney for large amounts of smoke as
this indicates poor combustion.
Experiment with different loading methods. Fresh wood should be loaded towards the rear of the firebox, while bringing half-burned wood
towards the front. If the new wood does not ignite within a few minutes, try crisscrossing the wood to allow for more airflow around the wood.
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MAINTENANCE
DOOR
There are a variety of high quality cleaners available that may be used to clean your brass door.
Use only products specifically made for use in wood stoves when cleaning the glass. Never scrape the glass with anything or use abrasive
cleaners, as pitting may occur. Never clean glass when it is hot.
If door hinges need lubricating, never use oil; use only a high temperature anti-seize compound.
CERI-BLANKET
During every chimney cleaning the ceri-blanket should be inspected. If it has become compressed or heavily stained it needs to be replaced.
GASKETS
Periodically check the door gasket to make sure it is not over compressed (causing the door to leak). Your Breckwell dealer can supply you
with the correct gasket for replacement. Never use substitute materials.
TROUBLESHOOTING
POOR DRAFT
If your stove is not drafting properly, the chimney may be the problem. Have the chimney relined to the proper size or extend the length of
the chimney (Contact your Breckwell dealer). Also refer to the section 4.1 “Natural Draft”.
DIRTY GLASS
Burn smaller, hotter fires and make sure that the damper is not closed too far. Make sure the wood is well seasoned and not wet.
(See “POOR DRAFT” above)
WOOD BURNS TOO FAST
The door gasket may be leaking. Check for leaks and replace if needed. The damper rod is too far out.
STOVE EMITS ODOR
Paint is curing. (See “INTRODUCTION”)
POOR HEAT OUTPUT
Make sure the wood is well seasoned and not wet. (See “FUEL”) The stove needs to finish curing. (See “INTRODUCTION”)
SMOKES WHEN DOOR IS OPEN
Always fully open damper before opening door. Is the brick baffle dislodged? (See “INSTALLING THE BRICK PANELS”). Check chimney
for creosote blockage. (See “CREOSOTE”)
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Contact an Authorized Breckwell Pellet Stove Dealer to obtain any of these parts. Never use
substitute materials. Use of non-approved parts can result in poor performance and safety
hazards.
ITEM
Blower Kit – W3000FS – Optional
Blower Kit – W3000I – Optional
Brick Panel Set
Damper Rod Spring
Door Gasket
Door Glass
Door Handle Spring
Outside Air Kit – W3000FS – Optional
Window Gasket
PART #
AW-3000FS-BLWR
AW-3000I-BLWR
AW-M-001S
C-M-010
C-G-050
C-D-038
CW-D-041
AW-OAK
C-G-033
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