BRK electronic 7020B Smoke Alarm User Manual

USER’S MANUAL
SMOKE ALARMS
AC Powered Photoelectric Smoke Alarm
with Battery Back-Up, Silence and
Escape Light® Feature
Model 7020B
Input: 120V AC , 60Hz, 0.05A
~
IMPORTANT!
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND SAVE.
This user’s manual contains important
information about your Smoke Alarm’s operation.
If you are installing this Smoke Alarm for use by
others, you must leave this manual—
or a copy of it—with the end user.
LISTED TO
UL 217
STANDARD
Model 7020B
US Patent 6,377,182
M08-0178-002 Q 08/08 Printed in Mexico
TABLE OF CONTENTS
All First Alert® and BRK® Smoke Alarms conform to regulatory
requirements, including UL217 and are designed to detect particles of
combustion. Smoke particles of varying number and size are produced
in all fires.
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Fire Safety Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Before You Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
How To Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Optional Locking Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Understanding the Indicator Lights
and Alarm Horn Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Weekly Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Regular Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
If This Smoke Alarm Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
What To Do In Case Of Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Using the Silence Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
If You Suspect a Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Recommended Locations For Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
About Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Special Compliance Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Limitations of Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Ionization technology is generally more sensitive than photoelectric
technology at detecting small particles, which tend to be produced
in greater amounts by flaming fires, which consume combustible
materials rapidly and spread quickly. Sources of these fires may include
paper burning in a wastebasket, or a grease fire in the kitchen.
Photoelectric technology is generally more sensitive than ionization
technology at detecting large particles, which tend to be produced in
greater amounts by smoldering fires, which may smolder for hours
before bursting into flame. Sources of these fires may include cigarettes
burning in couches or bedding.
For maximum protection, use both types of Smoke Alarms on each
level and in every bedroom of your home.
FIRE SAFETY TIPS
Follow safety rules and prevent hazardous situations: 1) Use smoking
materials properly. Never smoke in bed. 2) Keep matches or lighters away
from children; 3) Store flammable materials in proper containers;
4) Keep electrical appliances in good condition and don’t overload electrical
circuits; 5) Keep stoves, barbecue grills, fireplaces and chimneys greaseand debris-free; 6) Never leave anything cooking on the stove unattended;
7) Keep portable heaters and open flames, like candles, away from flammable
materials; 8) Don’t let rubbish accumulate.
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for choosing First Alert® for your Smoke Alarm needs. You have
purchased a state of the art Smoke Alarm designed to provide you with early
warning of a fire. Please take the time to read this manual and make the
Smoke Alarm an integral part of your family’s safety plan.
Keep alarms clean, and test them weekly. Replace alarms immediately if
they are not working properly. Smoke Alarms that do not work cannot alert
you to a fire. Keep at least one working fire extinguisher on every floor, and
an additional one in the kitchen. Have fire escape ladders or other reliable
means of escape from an upper floor in case stairs are blocked.
Key Features of the 7020B Smoke Alarm:
Photoelectric Sensing Technology: Photoelectric Sensors are generally more
sensitive than ionization sensors in detecting smoldering fires which commonly
occur in couches or bedding.
BEFORE YOU INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM
IMPORTANT! Read “Recommended Locations for Smoke Alarms” and
“Locations to Avoid for Smoke Alarms” before beginning. This unit monitors
the air, and when smoke reaches its sensing chamber, it alarms. It can give
you more time to escape before fire spreads. This unit can ONLY give an early
warning of developing fires if it is installed, maintained and located where
smoke can reach it, and where all residents can hear it, as described in this
manual. This unit will not sense gas, heat, or flame. It cannot prevent or
extinguish fires.
OptiPath 360 Technology™: Patented technology provides 360° of direct
access to the smoke sensor.
Single Test/Silence Button: Allows you to test the alarm or silence nuisance
alarms. Testing the Alarm assures you that the unit is functioning correctly
and ready to protect you and your family. The Alarm can be silenced for up
to 15 minutes in the event of a nuisance alarm.
Understand The Different Type of Smoke Alarms
Battery powered or electrical? Different Smoke Alarms provide different
types of protection. See “About Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know Where To Install Your Smoke Alarms
Fire Safety Professionals recommend at least one Smoke Alarm on every
level of your home, in every bedroom, and in every bedroom hallway or
separate sleeping area. See “Recommended Locations For Smoke
Alarms” and “Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know What Smoke Alarms Can and Can’t Do
A Smoke Alarm can help alert you to fire, giving you precious time to
escape. It can only sound an alarm once smoke reaches the sensor.
See “Limitations of Smoke Alarms” for details.
Check Your Local Building Codes
This Smoke Alarm is designed to be used in a typical single-family home.
It alone will not meet requirements for boarding houses, apartment buildings,
hotels or motels. See “Special Compliance Considerations” for details.
Escape Light®: Bright escape light activates when this unit goes into alarm
to illuminate your path to safety.
Battery Drawer with “battery missing” lockout: Allows you to easily
replace the battery with out removing the alarm from the ceiling.
The battery door will not close if a battery has not been inserted thus alerting
you that the unit is not powered and not operating.
Low battery warning: The Alarm will sound a “chirp” once per minute when
the battery needs to be replaced.
Blinking Power Indicator: Confirms that the Smoke Alarm is receiving power.
© 2008 BRK Brands, Inc. All rights reserved.
Distributed by BRK Brands, Inc.
3901 Liberty Street Road, Aurora, IL 60504-8122
Consumer Affairs: (800) 323-9005
www.firstalert.com • www.brkelectronics.com
1
BEFORE YOU INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM, Continued
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area where
the Smoke Alarm is installed before removing it from the mounting
bracket. Failure to turn off the power first may result in serious
electrical shock, injury or death.
• This unit will not alert hearing impaired residents. It is recommended that you install special units which use devices like
flashing strobe lights to alert hearing impaired residents.
• Installation of this unit must conform to the electrical codes in
your area; Articles 210 and 300.3 (B) of NFPA 70 (NEC), NFPA 72,
NFPA 101; SBC (SBCCI); UBC (ICBO); NBC (BOCA); OTFDC (CABO),
and any other local or building codes that may apply. Wiring and
installation must be performed by a licensed electrician. Failure to
follow these guidelines may result in injury or property damage.
• This unit must be powered by a 24-hour, 120VAC pure sine wave
60Hz circuit. Be sure the circuit cannot be turned off by a switch,
dimmer, or ground fault circuit interrupter. Failure to connect this
unit to a 24-hour circuit may prevent it from providing constant
protection.
• This Smoke Alarm must have AC or battery power to operate.
If the AC power fails, battery back-up will allow the alarm to
sound for at least 4 minutes. If AC power fails and the battery is
weak, protection should last for at least 7 days. If AC power fails
and the battery is dead or missing, the alarm cannot operate.
• Never disconnect the power from an AC powered unit to stop an
unwanted alarm. Doing so will disable the unit and remove your
protection. In the case of a true unwanted alarm open a window
or fan the smoke away from the unit. The alarm will reset automatically when it returns to normal operation. Never remove the
batteries from a battery operated unit to stop an unwanted alarm
(caused by cooking smoke, etc.). Instead open a window or fan
the smoke away from the unit. The alarm will reset automatically.
• Connect this unit ONLY to other compatible units. See “How To
Install This Smoke Alarm” for details. Do not connect it to any
other type of alarm or auxiliary device. Connecting anything else
to this unit may damage it or prevent it from operating properly.
• This Smoke Alarm has a battery drawer which resists closing
unless a battery is installed. This warns you the unit will not
operate under DC power without a battery.
• Do not stand too close to the unit when the alarm is sounding.
It is loud to wake you in an emergency. Exposure to the horn at
close range may harm your hearing.
• Do not paint over the unit. Paint may clog the openings to the
sensing chambers and prevent the unit from operating properly.
HOW TO INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM
This Smoke Alarm is designed to be mounted on any standard wiring junction box up to a 4-inch (10 cm) size, on either the ceiling or wall (if allowed by local
codes). Read “Recommended Locations For Smoke Alarms” and “Locations to Avoid For Smoke Alarms” before you begin installation.
Tools you will need: • Needle-nose pliers • Standard Flathead screwdriver.
Make sure the Alarm is not receiving excessively noisy power. Examples of noisy power could be major appliances on the same circuit, power from a
generator or solar power, light dimmer on the same circuit or mounted near fluorescent lighting. Excessively noisy power may cause damage to your
Alarm.
THE PARTS OF THIS SMOKE ALARM
The Mounting Bracket:
To remove the mounting bracket from the Smoke
Alarm base, hold the Smoke Alarm base firmly
and twist the mounting bracket counterclockwise.
The mounting bracket installs onto the junction box.
It has a variety of screw slots to fit most boxes.
The Parts of This Unit
6
The Power Connector:
The power connector plugs into a power input block on
the Smoke Alarm. It supplies the unit with AC power.
4
Locking Pins (break out of bracket)
Hot (Black) AC Wire
Neutral (White) AC Wire
9
6
Interconnect (Orange) Wire
7
Quick-Connect Power Connector
8
Turn this way to remove from bracket
9
Turn this way to attach to bracket
8
2
3
5
• The orange wire is used for interconnect.
7
Mounting Slots
4
• The white wire is neutral.
If you need to remove the power connector, turn
POWER OFF first. Insert a flat screwdriver blade
between the power connector and the security tab
inside the power input block. Gently pry back the tab
and pull the connector free.
Mounting Bracket
2
5
10
• The black wire is “hot.”
1
10 Slide-Out Battery Drawer
FOLLOW THESE INSTALLATION STEPS
Special Requirements For Interconnected Smoke Alarms
The basic installation of this Smoke Alarm is similar whether you want to
install one Smoke Alarm, or interconnect more than one Smoke Alarm.
If you are interconnecting more than one Smoke Alarm, you MUST read
“Special Requirements For Interconnected Smoke Alarms” below before
you begin installation.
• Failure to meet any of the above requirements could damage the
units and cause them to malfunction, removing your protection.
• AC and AC/DC Smoke Alarms can be interconnected. Under AC
power, all units will alarm when one senses smoke. When power is
interrupted, only the AC/DC units in the series will continue to send
and receive signals. AC powered Smoke Alarms will not operate.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off power to the area where you
will install this unit at the circuit breaker or fuse box before beginning
installation. Failure to turn off the power before installation may result
in serious electrical shock, injury or death.
1. Remove the mounting bracket from the base, and attach it to the
junction box.
Activate the battery back-up by removing the “Pull to Activate Battery
Back-Up” tab. Or, install battery back-up. Battery back-up cannot work
until you install the battery in the correct position (Match “+” to “+” and
“-” to “-”).
Push and hold test button until the alarm sounds: 3 beeps, pause, 3
beeps, pause. The Escape Light® will turn on. LED flashes once every
second.
2. Using wire nuts, connect the power connector to the household wiring.
Interconnected units can provide earlier warning of fire than stand-alone units,
especially if a fire starts in a remote area of the dwelling. If any unit in the series
senses smoke, all units will alarm. To determine which Smoke Alarm initiated an
alarm, see table:
•
•
Red LED flashes rapidly
On All Other Alarms
Red LED is Off
Interconnect units within a single family residence only. Otherwise all
households will experience unwanted alarms when you test any unit in the
series. Interconnected units will only work if they are wired to compatible
units and all requirements are met. This unit is designed to be compatible
with: First Alert® Smoke Alarm Model SA9120B and BRK Electronics®
Smoke Alarm Models 100S, 9120, 9120B, 7010, 7010B; BRK Electronics®
Heat Alarm Models HD6135F, HD6135FB; Smoke/CO Alarm Model
SC9120B; Relay Module RM4.
STAND-ALONE ALARM ONLY:
•
On Initiating Alarms
Connect the white wire on the power connector to the neutral wire in
the junction box.
Connect the black wire on the power connector to the hot wire in the
junction box.
Tuck the orange wire inside the junction box. It is used for interconnect
only.
Interconnected units must meet ALL of the following requirements:
INTERCONNECTED UNITS ONLY:
• A maximum of 18 compatible units may be interconnected
(Maximum of 12 Smoke Alarms).
Strip off about 1/2” (12 mm) of the plastic coating on the orange wire
on the power connector.
• The same fuse or circuit breaker must power all interconnected units.
•
•
•
• The total length of wire interconnecting the units should be less than
1000 feet (300 meters). This type of wire is commonly available at
Hardware and Electrical Supply stores.
Connect the white wire on the power connector to the neutral wire in
the junction box.
Connect the black wire on the power connector to the hot wire in the
junction box.
Connect the orange wire on the power connector to the interconnect
wire in the junction box. Repeat for each unit you are interconnecting.
Never connect the hot or neutral wires in the junction box to the orange
interconnect wire. Never cross hot and neutral wires between Alarms.
• All wiring must conform to all local electrical codes and NFPA 70 (NEC).
Refer to NFPA 72, NFPA 101, and/or your local building code for further
connection requirements.
A
3. Plug the power connector into the back of the Smoke Alarm.
}
4
4. Position the base of the Smoke Alarm over the mounting bracket and
turn. The Alarm can be positioned over the bracket every 90°. Turn the
Smoke Alarm clockwise (right) until the unit is in place.
5
5
4
3
5. Check all connections.
6
7
8
}B
3
2
2
Improper wiring of the power connector or the wiring leading to the
power connector will cause damage to the Alarm and may lead to a
non-functioning Alarm.
1
A. Unswitched 120VAC
60 Hz source
STAND-ALONE ALARM ONLY:
• If you are only installing one Smoke Alarm, restore power to the
junction box.
INTERCONNECTED UNITS ONLY:
• If you are interconnecting multiple Smoke Alarms, repeat steps
1-5 for each Smoke Alarm in the series. When you are finished,
restore power to the junction box.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Do not restore power until all Smoke
Alarms are completely installed. Restoring power before installation is
complete may result in serious electrical shock, injury or death.
6. Make sure the Smoke Alarm is receiving AC power. Under normal
operation, the Green power indicator light will shine continuously.
7. If the Green power indicator light does not light, TURN OFF POWER TO
THE JUNCTION BOX and recheck all connections. If all connections are
correct and the Green power indicator still does not light when you
restore the power, the unit should be replaced immediately.
8. Test each Smoke Alarm. Press and hold the Test/Silence button until the
unit alarms. When testing a series of interconnected units you must
test each unit individually. Make sure all units alarm when each one
is tested.
If any unit in the series does not alarm, TURN OFF POWER and recheck
connections. If it does not alarm when you restore power, replace it
immediately.
3
1
B. To additional units; Maximum = 18 total
(Maximum 12 Smoke Alarms)
1. Smoke Alarm
4. Wire Nut
2. Ceiling or Wall
3. Power Connector
5. Junction Box
6. Neutral Wire (Wht)
7. Interconnect Wire
(Orange)
8. Hot Wire (Blk)
OPTIONAL LOCKING FEATURES
The locking features are designed to discourage unauthorized removal of the battery or Alarm. It is not necessary to activate the locks in single-family
households where unauthorized battery or Alarm removal is not a concern.
These Smoke Alarms have two separate locking features: one to lock the battery compartment, and the other to lock the Smoke Alarm
to the mounting bracket. You can choose to use either feature independently, or use them both.
Tools you will need: • Needle-nose pliers • Standard Flathead screwdriver.
Both locking features use locking pins, which are molded into the mounting bracket. Using needle-nose pliers, remove one or both pins
from the mounting bracket, depending on how many locking features you want to use.
To permanently remove either lock, insert a flathead screwdriver between the locking pin and the lock, and pry the pin out of the lock.
TO UNLOCK THE BATTERY COMPARTMENT
TO LOCK THE BATTERY COMPARTMENT
Do not lock the battery compartment until you have installed the
battery and tested the battery back-up.
Once the Smoke Alarm is installed, you must disconnect it from the AC power
before unlocking the battery compartment.
1. Push and hold Test/Silence button until the alarm sounds:
3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause. The Escape Light® will turn on.
LED flashes once every second.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area where the
Smoke Alarm is installed before removing it from the mounting bracket.
Failure to turn off the power first may result in serious electrical shock,
injury or death.
If the unit does not alarm during testing, DO NOT lock the battery
compartment! Install a new battery and test again. If the Smoke
Alarm still does not alarm, replace it immediately.
Always discharge the branch circuit before servicing an AC or AC/DC
Smoke Alarm. First, turn off the AC power at the circuit breaker or fuse
box. Next, remove the battery from Smoke Alarms with battery back-up.
Finally, press and hold the Test/Silence button for 5-10 seconds to
discharge the branch circuit.
1. Remove the Smoke Alarm from the mounting bracket. If the unit is locked
to the bracket, see the section “To Unlock the Mounting Bracket.”
2. Disconnect the power connector by gently prying
it away from the back of the Smoke Alarm.
3. Insert a flathead screwdriver under the head
of the locking pin, and gently pry it out of the
battery compartment lock. (If you plan to relock
the battery compartment, save the locking pin.)
2. Using needle-nose pliers, detach one locking pin from the mounting
bracket.
4. To relock the battery compartment, close the battery door and reinsert
locking pin in lock.
5. Reconnect the power connector to the back of the Smoke Alarm, reattach
the Smoke Alarm to the mounting bracket, and restore the power.
3. Push the locking pin through the hole near the battery drawer on the
back of the Smoke Alarm.
When replacing the battery, always test the Smoke Alarm before relocking the
battery compartment.
TO UNLOCK THE MOUNTING BRACKET
TO LOCK THE MOUNTING BRACKET
1. Using needle-nose pliers, detach one locking pin from mounting bracket.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD. Turn off the power to the area where
the Smoke Alarm is installed before removing it from the mounting
bracket. Failure to turn off the power first may result in serious
electrical shock, injury or death.
Always discharge the branch circuit before servicing an AC or AC/DC
Smoke Alarm. First, turn off the AC power at the circuit breaker or fuse
box. Next, remove the battery from Smoke Alarms with battery back-up.
Finally, press and hold the Test/Silence button for 5-10 seconds to
discharge the branch circuit.
2. Insert the locking pin into the lock located
opposite from the battery drawer as shown
in the diagram.
1. Insert a flathead screwdriver between the
mounting bracket pin and the mounting bracket.
3. When you attach the Smoke Alarm to the mounting bracket, the locking
pin’s head will fit into a notch on the bracket.
2. Pry the Smoke Alarm away from the bracket by
turning both the screwdriver and the Smoke
Alarm counterclockwise (left) at the same time.
4
Choosing a replacement battery:
Your Smoke Alarm requires one standard 9V battery. The following batteries
are acceptable as replacements: Duracell #MN1604, (Ultra) #MX1604;
Eveready (Energizer) #522. You may also use a Lithium battery like the Ultralife
U9VL-J for longer service life between battery changes. These batteries are
available at many local retail stores.
UNDERSTANDING THE INDICATOR LIGHTS
AND ALARM HORN PATTERNS
AC Power
DC Power
Constant Green LED
Green LED Off
Flashing Red LED
approx. once/minute
Flashing Red LED
approx. once/minute
No Audible Alarm
No Audible Alarm
Test Condition
Constant Green LED
Rapidly Flashing
Red LED
Audible Alarm
Green LED Off
Rapidly Flashing
Red LED
Audible Alarm
Alarm Condition*
(Initiating Unit)
Constant Green LED
Rapidly Flashing
Red LED
Audible Alarm
Green LED Off
RESPONDING TO AN ALARM
Rapidly Flashing
Red LED
During an alarm, you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern: 3 beeps,
pause, 3 beeps, pause. The Escape Light® will turn on. LED flashes once
every second.
Silence Mode
Red LED flashes once
every 10 seconds
Red LED flashes once
every 10 seconds
Low Battery
Not Applicable
Alarm “chirp’’ approx.
once/minute
Normal Operation
Actual battery service life depends on the smoke alarm and the environment
in which it is installed. All the batteries specified above are acceptable
replacement batteries for this unit. Regardless of the manufacturer’s suggested battery life, you MUST replace the battery immediately once the unit
starts “chirping” (the “low battery warning”).
IF THIS SMOKE ALARM SOUNDS
Audible Alarm
• If the unit alarms and you are not testing the unit, it is warning you
of a potentially dangerous situation that requires your immediate
attention. NEVER ignore any alarm. Ignoring the alarm may result in
injury or death.
• Never disconnect the AC power to quiet an unwanted alarm.
Disconnecting the power disables the Alarm so it cannot sense
smoke. This will remove your protection. Instead, open a window
or fan the smoke away from the unit. The Alarm will reset automatically.
• If the unit alarms get everyone out of the house immediately.
NOTE: When power is applied, unit(s) may alarm momentarily.
*When any Smoke Alarm in an interconnected series triggers an alarm, its
red LED will flash rapidly. The red LEDs will remain OFF on any remaining
alarms in the series. This feature helps responders identify which unit(s)
triggered the alarm.
• ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD: Attempting to disconnect the power
connector from the unit when the power is on may result in electrical
shock, serious injury or death.
WEEKLY TESTING
•
NEVER use an open flame of any kind to test this unit. You might
accidentally damage or set fire to the unit or to your home. The builtin test switch accurately tests the unit’s operation as required by
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL).
•
If the Alarm ever fails to test properly, replace it immediately.
Products under warranty may be returned to the manufacturer
for replacement. See “Limited Warranty” at the end of this manual.
When an interconnected system of AC powered units is in alarm, the alarm
indicator light on the unit(s) that initiated the alarm will blink rapidly. It will
remain OFF on any remaining units.
If the unit alarms, get everyone out of the dwelling immediately.
If the unit alarms and you are certain that the source of smoke is not a fire—
cooking smoke or an extremely dusty furnace, for example—open a nearby
window or door and fan the smoke away from the unit (Use the Silence
Feature to silence the Alarm). This will silence the alarm, and once the smoke
clears the unit will reset itself automatically.
DO NOT stand close to the Alarm when the horn is sounding. Exposure
at close range may be harmful to your hearing. When testing, step away
when horn starts sounding.
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF FIRE
•
•
It is important to test this unit every week to make sure it is working
properly. Using the test button is the recommended way to test this
Smoke Alarm. Press and hold the Test/Silence button on the cover of the unit
until the alarm sounds and the Escape Light® turns on (the unit may continue
to alarm for a few seconds after you release the button). If it does not alarm,
make sure the unit is receiving power and test it again. If it still does not alarm,
replace it immediately. During testing, you will hear a loud, repeating horn
pattern: 3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause. The Escape Light® will turn on.
LED flashes once every second.
•
•
•
When testing a series of interconnected units you must test each unit individually. Make sure all units alarm when each one is tested.
•
•
•
REGULAR MAINTENANCE
Use only the replacement batteries listed below. The unit may not
operate properly with other batteries. Never use rechargeable batteries
since they may not provide a constant charge.
Alarms have various limitations. See "Limitations of Smoke Alarms" for
details.
This unit has been designed to be as maintenance-free as possible, but there
are a few simple things you must do to keep it working properly:
•
Test it at least once a week.
•
Clean the Smoke Alarm at least once a month; gently vacuum the
outside of the Smoke Alarm using your household vacuum’s soft brush
attachment. Test the Smoke Alarm. Never use water, cleaners or solvents
since they may damage the unit.
•
If the Smoke Alarm becomes contaminated by excessive dirt, dust and/or
grime, and cannot be cleaned to avoid unwanted alarms, replace the
unit immediately.
•
Relocate the unit if it sounds frequent unwanted alarms. See “Locations
To Avoid For Smoke Alarms” for details.
•
When the battery back-up becomes weak, the Smoke Alarm will “chirp”
about once a minute (the low battery warning). This warning should last 7
days, but you should replace the battery immediately to continue your
protection.
Don’t panic; stay calm. Follow your family escape plan.
Get out of the house as quickly as possible. Don’t stop to
get dressed or collect anything.
Feel doors with the back of your hand before opening them.
If a door is cool, open it slowly. Don’t open a hot door. Keep doors
and windows closed, unless you must escape through them.
Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth (preferably damp).
Take short, shallow breaths.
Meet at your planned meeting place outside your home,
and do a head count to make sure everybody got out safely.
Call the Fire Department as soon as possible from outside.
Give your address, then your name.
Never go back inside a burning building for any reason.
Contact your Fire Department for ideas on making your home safer.
USING THE SILENCE FEATURE
The Silence Feature can temporarily quiet an unwanted alarm for up to 15
minutes.
The Silence Feature does not disable the unit—it makes it temporarily
less sensitive to smoke. For your safety, if smoke around the unit is
dense enough to suggest a potentially dangerous situation, the unit will
stay in alarm or may re-alarm quickly. If you do not know the source of
the smoke, do not assume it is an unwanted alarm. Not responding to
an alarm can result in property loss, injury, or death.
To silence Smoke Alarms in an interconnected series:
1. To silence multiple alarms in an interconnected series, you must press the
Test/Silence button on the unit(s) that triggered the alarm.
2. Once you activate the Silence feature, the Red LED will flash approximately once every 10 seconds.
3. Pressing the Test/Silence button when in silence will restart the silence
timer.
The Silence Feature on these units can temporarily quiet an unwanted alarm
for up to 15 minutes. To use this feature, press the Test/Silence button on the
cover. If the unit will not silence and no heavy smoke is present, or if it
stays in silence mode continuously, it should be replaced immediately.
5
IF YOU SUSPECT A PROBLEM
INSTALLING SMOKE ALARMS IN MOBILE HOMES
Smoke Alarms may not operate properly because of dead, missing or weak
batteries, a build-up of dirt, dust or grease on the Smoke Alarm cover, or
installation in an improper location. Clean the Smoke Alarm as described in
“Regular Maintenance,” and install a fresh battery, then test the Smoke Alarm
again. If it fails to test properly when you use the test button, or if the problem persists, replace the Smoke Alarm immediately.
• If you hear a “chirp” approximately once a minute, replace the
battery.
• If you experience frequent non-emergency alarms (like those caused
by cooking smoke), try relocating the Smoke Alarm.
• If the alarm sounds when no smoke is visible, try cleaning or
relocating the Smoke Alarm. The cover may be dirty.
• If the alarm does not sound during testing, make sure it is receiving
AC power from the household current.
• The Escape Light® bulb is not replaceable. In the unlikely event that
the Escape Light® does not operate during testing, please obtain
warranty service.
For minimum security install one Smoke Alarm as close to each sleeping area
as possible. For more security, put one unit in each room. Many older mobile
homes (especially those built before 1978) have little or no insulation. If your
mobile home is not well insulated, or if you are unsure of the amount of insulation, it is important to install units on inside walls only. Smoke Alarms should be
installed where temperatures remain between 40˚ F (4˚ C) and 100˚ F (38˚ C).
This equipment should be installed in accordance with NFPA (National Fire
Protection Association) 72 and 101. National Fire Protection Association, One
Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101. Additional local building and
regulatory codes may apply in your area. Always check compliance
requirements before beginning any installation.
AGENCY PLACEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
NFPA 72 (National Fire Code)
Smoke Alarms shall be installed in each separate sleeping room, outside each
sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms and on each additional
story of the family living unit, including basements and excluding crawl spaces
and unfinished attics.
Always discharge the branch circuit before servicing an AC or AC/DC
Smoke Alarm. First, turn off the AC power at the circuit breaker or fuse
box. Next, remove the battery from Smoke Alarms with battery back-up.
Finally, press and hold the test button for 5-10 seconds to discharge the
branch circuit.
In new construction, Alarms shall be so arranged that operation of any one
Alarm shall cause the operation of all Alarms within the dwelling.
Smoke Detection-Are More Smoke Alarms Desirable? The required number
of Smoke Alarms might not provide reliable early warning protection for those
areas separated by a door from the areas protected by the required Smoke
Alarms. For this reason, it is recommended that the householder consider the
use of additional Smoke Alarms for those areas for increased protection.
The additional areas include the basement, bedrooms, dining room, furnace
room, utility room, and hallways not protected by the required Smoke Alarms.
The installation of Smoke Alarms in kitchens, attics (finished or unfinished),
or garages is not normally recommended, as these locations occasionally
experience conditions that can result in improper operation.
Do not try fixing the alarm yourself – this will void your warranty!
If the Smoke Alarm is still not operating properly, and it is still under warranty,
please see “How to Obtain Warranty Service” in the Limited Warranty.
RECOMMENDED LOCATIONS
FOR SMOKE ALARMS
California State Fire Marshal (CSFM)
Early warning detection is best achieved by the installation of fire detection
equipment in all rooms and areas of the household as follows: A Smoke Alarm
installed in each separate sleeping area (in the vicinity, but outside bedrooms),
and Heat or Smoke Alarms in the living rooms, dining rooms, bedrooms,
kitchens, hallways, finished attics, furnace rooms, closets, utility and storage
rooms, basements, and attached garages.
Installing Smoke Alarms in Single-Family Residences
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), recommends one Smoke
Alarm on every floor, in every sleeping area, and in every bedroom. In new
construction, the Smoke Alarms must be AC powered and interconnected.
See “Agency Placement Recommendations” for details. For additional coverage, it is recommended that you install a Smoke Alarm in all rooms, halls,
storage areas, finished attics, and basements, where temperatures normally
remain between 40˚ F (4˚ C) and 100˚ F (38˚ C). Make sure no door or other
obstruction could keep smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarms.
LOCATIONS TO AVOID FOR SMOKE ALARMS
For best performance, AVOID installing Smoke Alarms in these areas:
• Where combustion particles are produced. Combustion particles form
when something burns. Areas to avoid include poorly ventilated kitchens,
garages, and furnace rooms. Keep units at least 20 feet (6 meters) from
the sources of combustion particles (stove, furnace, water heater, space
heater) if possible. In areas where a 20-foot distance is not possible – in
modular, mobile, or smaller homes, for example – it is recommended
the Smoke Alarm be placed as far from these fuel-burning sources as
possible. The placement recommendations are intended to keep these
Alarms at a reasonable distance from a fuel-burning source, and thus
reduce “unwanted” alarms. Unwanted alarms can occur if a Smoke Alarm
is placed directly next to a fuel-burning source. Ventilate these areas as
much as possible.
• In air streams near kitchens. Air currents can draw cooking smoke into
the sensing chamber of a Smoke Alarm near the kitchen.
• In very damp, humid or steamy areas, or directly near bathrooms with
showers. Keep units at least 10 feet (3 meters) away from showers,
saunas, dishwashers, etc.
• Where the temperatures are below 40˚ F (4˚ C) or above 100˚ F (38˚ C)
including unheated buildings, outdoor rooms, porches, or unfinished
attics or basements.
• In very dusty, dirty, or greasy areas. Do not install a Smoke Alarm directly
over the stove or range. Clean a laundry room unit frequently to keep it
free of dust or lint.
• Near fresh air vents, ceiling fans, or in very drafty areas. Drafts can blow
smoke away from the unit, preventing it from reaching sensing chamber.
• In insect infested areas. Insects can clog openings to the sensing
chamber and cause unwanted alarms.
• Less than 12 inches (305 mm) away from fluorescent lights. Electrical
“noise” can interfere with the sensor.
• In “dead air” spaces. “Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from reaching
the Smoke Alarm.
More specifically, install Smoke Alarms:
• On every level of your home, including finished attics and basements.
• Inside every bedroom, especially if people sleep with the door partly or
completely closed.
• In the hall near every sleeping area. If your home has multiple sleeping
areas, install a unit in each. If a hall is more than 40 feet long (12 meters),
install a unit at each end.
• At the top of the first-to-second floor stairway, and at the bottom
of the basement stairway.
Specific requirements for Smoke Alarm installation vary from state to state
and from region to region. Check with your local Fire Department for current
requirements in your area. It is recommended AC or AC/DC units be interconnected for added protection.
AVOIDING DEAD AIR SPACES
“Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarm.
To avoid dead air spaces, follow the installation recommendations below.
On ceilings, install Smoke Alarms as close to the center of the ceiling as
possible. If this is not possible, install the Smoke Alarm at least 4 inches (102
mm) from the wall or corner.
For wall mounting (if allowed by building codes), the top edge of Smoke
Alarms should be placed between 4 inches (102 mm) and 12 inches (305
mm) from the wall/ceiling line, below typical “dead air” spaces.
On a peaked, gabled, or cathedral ceiling, install the first Smoke Alarm
within 3 feet (0.9 meters) of the peak of the ceiling, measured horizontally.
Additional Smoke Alarms may be required depending on the length, angle,
etc. of the ceiling's slope. Refer to NFPA 72 for details on requirements for
sloped or peaked ceilings.
6
ABOUT SMOKE ALARMS
detection requirements in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches.
Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas may not provide sufficient warning
to all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
Battery (DC) operated Smoke Alarms: Provide protection even when
electricity fails, provided the batteries are fresh and correctly installed.
Units are easy to install, and do not require professional installation.
However, they do not provide interconnected functionality.
AC powered Smoke Alarms: Can be interconnected so if one unit senses
smoke, all units alarm. They do not operate if electricity fails.
AC with battery (DC) back-up: will operate if electricity fails, provided the
batteries are fresh and correctly installed. AC and AC/DC units must be
installed by a qualified electrician.
Wireless Interconnected Alarms: Offer the same interconnected functionality
as with hardwired alarms, without wires. Units are easy to install and do not
require professional installation. They provide protection even when electricity
fails, provided the batteries are fresh and correctly installed.
Smoke Alarms for Solar or Wind Energy users and battery backup power
systems: AC powered Smoke Alarms should only be operated with true or
pure sine wave inverters. Operating this Smoke Alarm with most batterypowered UPS (uninterruptible power supply) products or square wave or
“quasi sine wave” inverters will damage the Alarm. If you are not sure about
your inverter or UPS type, please consult with the manufacturer to verify.
Smoke Alarms for the hearing impaired: Special purpose Smoke Alarms
should be installed for the hearing impaired. They include a visual alarm and
an audible alarm horn, and meet the requirements of the Americans With
Disabilities Act. These units can be interconnected so if one unit senses
smoke, all units alarm.
Smoke alarms are not to be used with detector guards unless the
combination has been evaluated and found suitable for that purpose.
All these Smoke Alarms are designed to provide early warning of fires if located,
installed and cared for as described in the user’s manual, and if smoke reaches
the Alarm. If you are unsure which type of unit to install, refer to NFPA (National
Fire Protection Association) 72 (National Fire Alarm Code) and NFPA 101 (Life
Safety Code). National Fire Protection Association, One Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269-9101. Local building codes may also require specific units
in new construction or in different areas of the home.
4. Hotels and Motels: Also boarding houses and dormitories. This Smoke
Alarm is suitable for use inside individual sleeping/resident rooms, provided a
primary fire detection system already exists to meet fire detection requirements in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this Smoke
Alarm in common areas may not provide sufficient warning to all residents or
meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
LIMITATIONS OF SMOKE ALARMS
Smoke Alarms have played a key role in reducing deaths resulting from home
fires worldwide. However, like any warning device, Smoke Alarms can only
work if they are properly located, installed, and maintained, and if smoke
reaches the Alarms. They are not foolproof.
Smoke alarms may not waken all individuals. Practice the escape plan at
least twice a year, making sure that everyone is involved – from kids to grandparents. Allow children to master fire escape planning and practice before
holding a fire drill at night when they are sleeping. If children or others do not
readily waken to the sound of the smoke alarm, or if there are infants or family
members with mobility limitations, make sure that someone is assigned to
assist them in fire drill and in the event of an emergency. It is recommended
that you hold a fire drill while family members are sleeping in order to determine their response to the sound of the smoke alarm while sleeping and to
determine whether they may need assistance in the event of an emergency.
Smoke Alarms cannot work without power. Battery operated units cannot
work if the batteries are missing, disconnected or dead, if the wrong type of
batteries are used, or if the batteries are not installed correctly. AC units
cannot work if the AC power is cut off for any reason (open fuse or circuit
breaker, failure along a power line or at a power station, electrical fire that
burns the electrical wires, etc.). If you are concerned about the limitations of
battery or AC power, install both types of units.
Smoke Alarms cannot detect fires if the smoke does not reach the
Alarms. Smoke from fires in chimneys or walls, on roofs, or on the other side
of closed doors may not reach the sensing chamber and set off the Alarm.
That is why one unit should be installed inside each bedroom or sleeping
area—especially if bedroom or sleeping area doors are closed at night—and
in the hallway between them.
Smoke Alarms may not detect fire on another floor or area of the
dwelling. For example, a stand-alone unit on the second floor may not
detect smoke from a basement fire until the fire spreads. This may not give
you enough time to escape safely. That is why recommended minimum
protection is at least one unit in every sleeping area, and every bedroom on
every level of your dwelling. Even with a unit on every floor, stand-alone units
may not provide as much protection as interconnected units, especially if
the fire starts in a remote area. Some safety experts recommend installing
interconnected AC powered units with battery back-up (see “About Smoke
Alarms”) or professional fire detection systems, so if one unit senses smoke,
all units alarm. Interconnected units may provide earlier warning than standalone units since all units alarm when one detects smoke.
Smoke Alarms may not be heard. Though the alarm horn in this unit meets or
exceeds current standards, it may not be heard if: 1) the unit is located outside
a closed or partially closed door, 2) residents recently consumed alcohol or
drugs, 3) the Alarm is drowned out by noise from stereo, TV, traffic, air conditioner or other appliances, 4) residents are hearing impaired or sound sleepers.
Special purpose units, like those with visual and audible alarms, should be
installed for hearing impaired residents.
Smoke Alarms may not have time to alarm before the fire itself causes
damage, injury, or death, since smoke from some fires may not reach
the unit immediately. Examples of this include persons smoking in bed,
children playing with matches, or fires caused by violent explosions
resulting from escaping gas.
Smoke Alarms are not foolproof. Like any electronic device, Smoke Alarms
are made of components that can wear out or fail at any time. You must test
the unit weekly to ensure your continued protection. Smoke Alarms cannot prevent or extinguish fires. They are not a substitute for property or life insurance.
Smoke Alarms have a limited life. The unit should be replaced immediately if
it is not operating properly. You should always replace a Smoke Alarm after 10
years from date of purchase. Write the purchase date on the space provided
on back of unit.
SPECIAL COMPLIANCE CONSIDERATIONS
This Smoke Alarm alone is not a suitable substitute for complete fire
detection systems in places housing many people—like apartment
buildings, condominiums, hotels, motels, dormitories, hospitals, longterm health care facilities, nursing homes, day care facilities, or group
homes of any kind—even if they were once single-family homes. It is not
a suitable substitute for complete fire detection systems in warehouses,
industrial facilities, commercial buildings, and special-purpose non-residential buildings which require special fire detection and alarm systems.
Depending on the building codes in your area, this Smoke Alarm may be
used to provide additional protection in these facilities.
The following information applies to all four types of buildings listed below:
In new construction, most building codes require the use of AC or AC/DC
powered Smoke Alarms only. AC, AC/DC, or DC powered Smoke Alarms can
be used in existing construction as specified by local building codes. Refer to
NFPA 72 (National Fire Alarm Code) and NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code), local
building codes, or consult your Fire Department for detailed fire protection
requirements in buildings not defined as “households.”
1. Single-Family Residence:
Single family home, townhouse. It is recommended Smoke Alarms be installed
on every level of the home, in every bedroom, and in each bedroom hallway.
2. Multi-Family or Mixed Occupant Residence:
Apartment building, condominium. This Smoke Alarm is suitable for use in
individual apartments or condos, provided a primary fire detection system
already exists to meet fire detection requirements in common areas like
lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas may
not provide sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection
ordinances/regulations.
3. Institutions: Hospitals, day care facilities, long-term health care facilities.
This Smoke Alarm is suitable for use in individual patient sleeping/resident
rooms, provided a primary fire detection system already exists to meet fire
LIMITED WARRANTY
BRK Brands, Inc., ("BRK") the maker of First Alert® brand and BRK® brand products, warrants that for a period of ten years from the date of purchase, this product will
be free from defects in material and workmanship. BRK, at its option, will repair or replace this product or any component of the product found to be defective during the
warranty period. Replacement will be made with a new or remanufactured product or component. If the product is no longer available, replacement may be made with a
similar product of equal or greater value. This is your exclusive warranty. This warranty is valid for the original retail purchaser from the date of initial retail purchase and is
not transferable. Keep the original sales receipt. Proof of purchase is required to obtain warranty performance. BRK dealers, service centers, or retail stores selling BRK
products do not have the right to alter, modify or any way change the terms and conditions of this warranty.
This warranty does not cover normal wear of parts or damage resulting from any of the following: negligent use or misuse of the product, use on improper voltage or
current, use contrary to the operating instructions, disassembly, repair or alteration by anyone other than BRK or an authorized service center. Further, the warranty does
not cover Acts of God, such as fire, flood, hurricanes and tornadoes or any batteries that are included with this unit.
BRK shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages caused by the breach of any express or implied warranty. Except to the extent prohibited by applicable
law, any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose is limited in duration to the duration of the above warranty. Some states, provinces or
jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations
or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that vary from state to state or province to province.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
Service: If service is required, do not return the product to your retailer. In order to obtain warranty service, contact the Consumer Affairs Division at 1-800-323-9005,
7:30 AM - 5:00 PM Central Standard Time, Monday through Friday. To assist us in serving you, please have the model number and date of purchase available when
calling. For Warranty Service return to: BRK Brands, Inc., 25 Spur Drive, El Paso, TX 79906
Battery: BRK Brands, Inc. make no warranty, express or implied, written or oral, including that of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose with respect to battery.
First Alert® is a registered trademark of the First Alert Trust.
BRK® is a registered trademark of BRK Brands, Inc.
Printed in Mexico M08-0178-002 Q 08/08
7