BRK electronic 83R Smoke Alarm User Manual

BEFORE YOU INSTALL THIS SMOKE
ALARM
IMPORTANT! Read “Recommended Locations for Smoke Alarms” and
“Locations to Avoid for Smoke Alarms” before beginning. This unit
monitors the air, and when smoke reaches its sensing chamber, it
alarms. It can give you more time to escape before fire spreads. This
unit can ONLY give an early warning of developing fires if it is installed,
maintained and located where smoke can reach it, and where all residents can hear it, as described in this manual. This unit will not sense
gas, heat, or flame. It cannot prevent or extinguish fires.
Understand The Different Type of Smoke Alarms
Battery powered or electrical? Different Smoke Alarms provide
different types of protection. See “About Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know Where To Install Your Smoke Alarms
Fire Safety Professionals recommend at least one Smoke Alarm on
every level of your home, in every bedroom, and in every bedroom hallway or separate sleeping area. See “Recommended Locations For
Smoke Alarms” and “Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know What Smoke Alarms Can and Can’t Do
A Smoke Alarm can help alert you to fire, giving you precious time to
escape. It can only sound an alarm once smoke reaches the sensor.
See “Limitations of Smoke Alarms” for details.
Check Your Local Building Codes
This Smoke Alarm is designed to be used in a typical single-family
home. It alone will not meet requirements for boarding houses, apartment buildings, hotels or motels. See “Special Compliance
Considerations” for details.
USER’S MANUAL
SMOKE AND FIRE* ALARMS
Model 83R
Model SA67B
IMPORTANT!
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND SAVE.
This user’s manual contains important information about your Smoke
Alarm’s operation. If you are installing this Smoke Alarm for use by
others, you must leave this manual—or a copy of it—with the end user.
Models
83R, SA67B
M08-0053-001 A 03/03
•
•
THIS USER’S MANUAL HAS BEEN RESIZED TO PRINT
OUT ON 8-1/2 x 11” PAGES.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Fire Safety Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Before You Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . .
How To Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . .
Weekly Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Regular Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
If This Smoke Alarm Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What To Do In Case Of Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
If You Suspect A Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Locations For Smoke Alarms
Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms . . . . . .
About Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special Compliance Considerations . . . . . . . .
Limitations Of Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . .
•
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.1
.1
.2
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.3
.4
.4
.5
.5
.5
•
•
•
•
All Rights Reserved. © 2003 BRK Brands, Inc.
BRK Brands, Inc., 3901 Liberty Street Road, Aurora, IL 60504-8122
Consumer Affairs: (800) 323-9005 • www.brkelectronics.com • www.firstalert.com
*All BRK® and First Alert® Smoke Alarms conform to regulatory
requirements, including UL217 and are designed to detect particles
of combustion. Smoke particles of varying number and size are
produced in all fires.
Ionization technology is generally more sensitive than photoelectric
technology at detecting small particles, which tend to be produced
in greater amounts by flaming fires, which consume combustible
materials rapidly and spread quickly. Sources of these fires may include
paper burning in a wastebasket, or a grease fire in the kitchen.
Photoelectric technology is generally more sensitive than ionization
technology at detecting large particles, which tend to be produced
in greater amounts by smoldering fires, which may smolder for
hours before bursting into flame. Sources of these fires may include cigarettes burning in couches or bedding.
For maximum protection, use both types of Smoke Alarms on each
level and in every bedroom of your home.
FIRE SAFETY TIPS
Follow safety rules and prevent hazardous situations: 1) Use smoking
materials properly. Never smoke in bed. 2) Keep matches or lighters away
from children; 3) Store flammable materials in proper containers; 4) Keep
electrical appliances in good condition and don’t overload electrical circuits; 5) Keep stoves, barbecue grills, fireplaces and chimneys grease- and
debris-free; 6) Never leave anything cooking on the stove unattended;
7) Keep portable heaters and open flames, like candles, away from flammable materials; 8) Don’t let rubbish accumulate.
Keep alarms clean, and test them weekly. Replace alarms immediately if
they are not working properly. Smoke Alarms that do not work cannot alert
you to a fire. Keep at least one working fire extinguisher on every floor, and
an additional one in the kitchen. Have fire escape ladders or other reliable
means of escape from an upper floor in case stairs are blocked.
1
This unit will not alert hearing impaired residents. It is recommended that you install special units which use devices like flashing strobe lights to alert hearing impaired residents.
Do not connect this unit to any other alarm or auxiliary device. It
is a single-station unit that cannot be linked to other devices.
Connecting anything else to this unit may prevent it from working
properly.
Unit will not operate without battery power. The Smoke Alarm
cannot work until you install the battery in the correct position
(Match “+” to “+” and “-” to “-”).
This Smoke Alarm has a battery guard which prevents it from
closing unless a battery is installed. This warns you the unit will
not operate without a battery.
Do not install this unit over an electrical junction box. Air currents around junction boxes can prevent smoke from reaching
the sensing chambers and prevent the unit from alarming. Only
AC powered units are intended for installation over junction
boxes.
Do not stand too close to the unit when the alarm is sounding. It
is loud to wake you in an emergency. Exposure to the horn at
close range may harm your hearing.
Do not paint over the unit. Paint may clog the openings to the sensing chambers and prevent the unit from operating properly.
HOW TO INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM
THE PARTS OF THIS SMOKE ALARM
Model SA67B
Model 83R
1. “OPEN HERE” tab
1. “OPEN HERE” tab
2. Cover hinge
2. Cover hinge
3. Test button,
power/alarm indicator
3. Test button,
power/alarm indicator
Cover Open
Cover Open
1. “Open Here”▲
1. “OPEN HERE” tab
2. Test button
2. Test button,
power/alarm indicator
3. Smoke alarm base
3. Sensor chamber
4. “No Battery” tab
4. Smoke Alarm base
5A. Mounting slots
5. Mounting slots
5B. Mounting slots
6. Install 9V battery here
6. Install 9V battery here
FOLLOW THESE SIMPLE STEPS!
This unit is designed to be mounted on the ceiling, or on the wall if necessary.
Tools you will need:
• Pencil
• Drill with 3/16” (5 mm) drill bit
• Standard/flathead screwdriver
• Hammer
1. Hold base firmly and pull up on cover tab marked “OPEN HERE.” This
will open the hinged cover. The cover may unsnap from the base if it's
opened too far. This will not damage the unit—the cover hinge snaps
back into place easily.
2. Hold the smoke alarm base against the ceiling (or wall) and make a mark
at the center of each of the mounting slots with a pencil.
3. Put the unit where it won’t get covered with dust when you drill the
mounting holes.
4. Using a 3/16” (5 mm) drill bit, drill a hole through each pencil mark.
5. Insert the plastic screw anchors (in the plastic bag with screws) into the
holes. Tap the screw anchors gently with a hammer, if necessary, until
they are flush with the ceiling or wall.
6. Tighten the screws (provided) into the screw anchors, then loosen
them two turns.
7. Fit the smoke alarm over the screw heads as shown. Close cover.
8. If the smoke alarm cover does not line up the way you want it, rotate
the base and re-tighten the screws.
9. Activate the battery. With the cover open, remove and reinstall the
battery so the terminals on the battery match the terminals on the
smoke alarm. Match “+” to “+” and “-” to “-.” Push the battery in
until it snaps in securely and cannot be shaken loose.
If the battery is not snapped in completely, the unit cannot receive
battery power. The smoke alarm may beep briefly when you install
the battery—this is normal.
Once the battery is installed, the red power indicator light (behind
the test button) will flash once a minute to show you the smoke
alarm is working.
10. Close the cover all the way.
11. Test the smoke alarm. See “Weekly Testing.”
2
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF FIRE
WEEKLY TESTING
•
•
•
•
NEVER use an open flame of any kind to test this unit. You might
accidentally damage or set fire to the unit or to your home. The
built-in test switch accurately tests the unit’s operation as
required by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL). If you choose to
use an aerosol smoke product to test the Smoke Alarm, be certain to use one that has been Listed to Underwriters
Laboratories, Inc. Safety Standards, and use it only as directed.
Use of non-UL Listed products or improper use of UL Listed
products may affect the Smoke Alarm’s sensitivity.
If the Alarm ever fails to test properly, replace it immediately.
Products under warranty may be returned to the manufacturer for
replacement. See “Limited Warranty” for details.
•
•
•
•
•
•
DO NOT stand close to the alarm when the horn is sounding.
Exposure at close range may be harmful to your hearing. When testing, step away when horn starts sounding.
It is important to test this unit every week to make sure it is working
properly. Using the test button is the recommended way to test this
Smoke Alarm. Press and hold the test button on the cover of the unit until
the alarm sounds (the unit may continue to alarm for a few seconds after
you release the button). If it does not alarm, make sure the unit is receiving power and test it again. If it still does not alarm, replace it immediately.
During testing you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern: 3 beeps,
pause, 3 beeps, pause; and the Red LED will flash rapidly.
Alarms have various limitations. See "Limitations of Smoke Alarms"
for details.
IF YOU SUSPECT A PROBLEM
Smoke Alarms may not operate properly because of dead, missing or
weak batteries, a build-up of dirt, dust or grease on the Smoke Alarm
cover, or installation in an improper location. Clean the Smoke Alarm as
described in “Regular Maintenance,” and install a fresh battery, then test
the Smoke Alarm again. If it fails to test properly when you use the test
button, or if the problem persists, replace the Smoke Alarm immediately.
• If you hear a “chirp” once a minute, replace the battery.
• If you experience frequent non-emergency alarms (like those
caused by cooking smoke), try relocating the Smoke Alarm.
• If the alarm sounds when no smoke is visible, try cleaning or
relocating the Smoke Alarm. The cover may be dirty.
• If the alarm does not sound during testing, try installing a new
battery, and make sure it is snapped in securely.
Do not try fixing the alarm yourself – this will void your warranty!
If the Smoke Alarm is still not operating properly, and it is still under
warranty, please see “How to Obtain Warranty Service” below.
REGULAR MAINTENANCE
This unit has been designed to be as maintenance free as possible, but
there are a few simple things you must do to keep it working properly.
Use only the replacement batteries listed below. The unit may not
operate properly with other batteries. Never use rechargeable
batteries since they may not provide a constant charge.
• Test it at least once a week.
• Clean the Smoke Alarm at least once a month; gently vacuum the
outside of the Smoke Alarm using your household vacuum’s soft
brush attachment. Test the Smoke Alarm. Never use water, cleaners
or solvents since they may damage the unit.
• If the Smoke Alarm becomes contaminated by excessive dirt, dust
and/or grime, and cannot be cleaned to avoid unwanted alarms,
replace the unit immediately.
• Relocate the unit if it sounds frequent unwanted alarms. See
“Locations to Avoid for Smoke Alarms” for details.
• When the battery becomes weak, the Smoke Alarm unit will “chirp”
about once a minute (the low battery warning). This low battery warning should last 7 days, but you should replace the battery immediately
to continue your protection.
Choosing a replacement battery:
Your Smoke Alarm requires one standard 9V battery. The following batteries are acceptable as replacements: Duracell #MN1604, (Ultra) #MX1604;
Eveready (Energizer) #522. You may also use a Lithium battery like the
Ultralife U9VL-J for longer service life between battery changes. These
batteries are available at many local retail stores.
LIMITED WARRANTY
BRK Brands, Inc., ("BRK") the maker of BRK® brand and First Alert® brand
products warrants that for a period of ten years from the date of purchase,
the Model 83R will be free from defects in material and workmanship. In
addition, BRK warrants that for a period of five years from the date of purchase, the Model SA67B will be free from defects in material and workmanship. BRK, at its option, will repair or replace this product or any component
of the product found to be defective during the warranty period.
Replacement will be made with a new or remanufactured product or component. If the product is no longer available, replacement may be made with
a similar product of equal or greater value. This is your exclusive warranty.
This warranty is valid for the original retail purchaser from the date of initial
retail purchase and is not transferable. Keep the original sales receipt. Proof
of purchase is required to obtain warranty performance. BRK dealers, service centers, or retail stores selling BRK products do not have the right to
alter, modify or any way change the terms and conditions of this warranty.
This warranty does not cover normal wear of parts or damage resulting
from any of the following: negligent use or misuse of the product, use on
improper voltage or current, use contrary to the operating instructions, disassembly, repair or alteration by anyone other than BRK or an authorized
service center. Further, the warranty does not cover Acts of God, such as
fire, flood, hurricanes and tornadoes or any batteries that are included with
this unit.
BRK shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages
caused by the breach of any express or implied warranty. Except to the
extent prohibited by applicable law, any implied warranty of merchantability
or fitness for a particular purpose is limited in duration to the duration of
the above warranty. Some states, provinces or jurisdictions do not allow
the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations or
exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal
rights, and you may also have other rights that vary from state to state or
province to province.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
Service: If service is required, do not return the product to your retailer. In
order to obtain warranty service, contact the Consumer Affairs Division at
1-800-323-9005, 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM Central Standard Time, Monday
through Friday. To assist us in serving you, please have the model number
and date of purchase available when calling.
3920 Enterprise Court, Aurora, IL 60504-8132.
Battery: BRK Brands, Inc. make no warranty, express or implied, written or
oral, including that of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose
with respect to battery.
Actual service life depends on the Smoke Alarm and the environment in
which it is installed. All the batteries specified above are acceptable
replacement batteries for this unit. Regardless of the manufacturer’s suggested battery life, you MUST replace the battery immediately once the
unit starts “chirping” (the “low battery warning”).
IF THIS SMOKE ALARM SOUNDS
RESPONDING TO AN ALARM
During an alarm, you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern:
3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause; and the Red LED will flash rapidly.
•
•
•
Don’t panic; stay calm. Follow your family escape plan.
Get out of the house as quickly as possible. Don’t stop to
get dressed or collect anything.
Feel doors with the back of your hand before opening them.
If a door is cool, open it slowly. Don’t open a hot door. Keep doors
and windows closed, unless you must escape through them.
Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth (preferably damp).
Take short, shallow breaths.
Meet at your planned meeting place outside your home,
and do a head count to make sure everybody got out safely.
Call the Fire Department as soon as possible from outside.
Give your address, then your name.
Never go back inside a burning building for any reason.
Contact your Fire Department for ideas on making your home safer.
If the unit alarms and you are not testing the unit, it is warning
you of a potentially dangerous situation that requires your immediate attention. NEVER ignore any alarm. Ignoring the alarm may
result in injury or death.
Never remove the batteries from a battery operated Smoke Alarm
to stop an unwanted alarm (caused by cooking smoke, etc.).
Removing batteries disables the alarm so it cannot sense smoke,
and removes your protection. Instead open a window or fan the
smoke away from the unit. The alarm will reset automatically.
If the unit alarms get everyone out of the house immediately.
3
RECOMMENDED LOCATIONS FOR SMOKE ALARMS
AGENCY PLACEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
Installing Smoke Alarms in Single-Family Residences
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), recommends one Smoke
Alarm on every floor, in every sleeping area, and in every bedroom. In new
construction, the Smoke Alarms must be AC powered and interconnected.
See “Agency Placement Recommendations” for details. For additional
coverage, it is recommended that you install a Smoke Alarm in all rooms,
halls, storage areas, finished attics, and basements, where temperatures
normally remain between 40˚F (4˚C) and 100˚F (38˚C). Make sure no door
or other obstruction could keep smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarms.
More specifically, install Smoke Alarms:
• On every level of your home, including finished attics and basements.
• Inside every bedroom, especially if people sleep with the door partly or
completely closed.
• In the hall near every sleeping area. If your home has multiple sleeping
areas, install a unit in each. If a hall is more than 40 feet long (12
meters), install a unit at each end.
• At the top of the first-to-second floor stairway, and at bottom of the
basement stairway.
NFPA 72 (National Fire Code)
Smoke Alarms shall be installed in each separate sleeping room, outside
each sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms and on each
additional story of the family living unit, including basements and excluding crawl spaces and unfinished attics.
In new construction, Alarms shall be so arranged that operation of any
one Alarm shall cause the operation of all Alarms within the dwelling.
Smoke Detection-Are More Smoke Alarms Desirable? The required
number of Smoke Alarms might not provide reliable early warning protection for those areas separated by a door from the areas protected by the
required Smoke Alarms. For this reason, it is recommended that the
householder consider the use of additional Smoke Alarms for those areas
for increased protection. The additional areas include the basement, bedrooms, dining room, furnace room, utility room, and hallways not protected by the required Smoke Alarms. The installation of Smoke Alarms in
kitchens, attics (finished or unfinished), or garages is not normally recommended, as these locations occasionally experience conditions that can
result in improper operation.
California State Fire Marshal (CSFM)
Early warning detection is best achieved by the installation of fire detection equipment in all rooms and areas of the household as follows: A
Smoke Alarm installed in each separate sleeping area (in the vicinity, but
outside bedrooms), and Heat or Smoke Alarms in the living rooms, dining
rooms, bedrooms, kitchens, hallways, finished attics, furnace rooms, closets, utility and storage rooms, basements, and attached garages.
Specific requirements for Smoke Alarm installation vary from state to
state and from region to region. Check with your local Fire Department for
current requirements in your area. It is recommended AC or AC/DC
units be interconnected for added protection.
LOCATIONS TO AVOID FOR SMOKE ALARMS
For best performance, it is recommended you AVOID installing
Smoke Alarms in these areas:
• Where combustion particles are produced. Combustion particles form
when something burns. Areas to avoid include poorly ventilated
kitchens, garages, and furnace rooms. Keep units at least 20 feet
(6 meters) from the sources of combustion particles (stove, furnace,
water heater, space heater) if possible. In areas where a 20-foot distance is not possible – in modular, mobile, or smaller homes, for example – it is recommended the Smoke Alarm be placed as far from these
fuel-burning sources as possible. The placement recommendations are
intended to keep these Alarms at a reasonable distance from a fuelburning source, and thus reduce “unwanted” or “nuisance” alarms.
Unwanted alarms can occur if a Smoke Alarm is placed directly next to
a fuel-burning source. Ventilate these areas as much as possible.
• In air streams near kitchens. Air currents can draw cooking smoke into
the sensing chamber of a Smoke Alarm near the kitchen.
• In very damp, humid or steamy areas, or directly near bathrooms with
showers. Keep units at least 10 feet (3 meters) away from showers,
saunas, dishwashers, etc.
• Where the temperatures are regularly below 40˚ F (4˚C) or above 100˚
F (38˚C), including unheated buildings, outdoor rooms, porches, or
unfinished attics or basements.
• In very dusty, dirty, or greasy areas. Do not install a Smoke Alarm
directly over the stove or range. Keep laundry room Smoke Alarms
free of dust or lint.
• Near fresh air vents, ceiling fans, or in very drafty areas. Drafts can
blow smoke away from the unit, preventing it from reaching the sensing chamber.
• In insect infested areas. Insects can clog openings to the sensing
chamber and cause unwanted alarms.
• Less than 12 inches (305mm) away from fluorescent lights. Electrical
“noise” can interfere with the sensor.
• In “dead air” spaces. “Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from
reaching the Smoke Alarm.
Avoiding Dead Air Spaces
“Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarm. To
avoid dead air spaces, follow the installation recommendations below.
On ceilings, install Smoke Alarms as close to the center of the ceiling as
possible. If this is not possible, install the Smoke Alarm at least 4 inches
(102 mm) from the wall or corner.
For wall mounting (if allowed by building codes), the top edge of Smoke
Alarms should be placed between 4 inches (102 mm) and 12 inches (305
mm) from the wall/ceiling line, below typical “dead air” spaces.
On a peaked, gabled, or cathedral ceiling, install the first Smoke Alarm
within 3 feet (0.9 meters) of the peak of the ceiling, measured horizontally.
Additional Smoke Alarms may be required depending on the length,
angle, etc. of the ceiling's slope. Refer to NFPA 72 for details on requirements for sloped or peaked ceilings.
INSTALLING SMOKE ALARMS IN MOBILE HOMES & RVS
For minimum security install one Smoke Alarm as close to each sleeping
area as possible. For more security, put one unit in each room. Many older
mobile homes (especially those built before 1978) have little or no insulation. If your mobile home is not well insulated, or if you are unsure of the
amount of insulation, it is important to install units on inside walls only.
Smoke Alarms should be installed where temperatures normally remain
between 40˚F (4˚C) and 100˚F (38˚C). WARNING: Test units used in RVs
after the vehicle has been in storage, before every trip, and once a
week while in use. Failure to test units used in RVs as described may
remove your protection.
This equipment should be installed in accordance with NFPA (National Fire
Protection Association) 72 and 101. National Fire Protection Association,
One Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101. Additional local building
and regulatory codes may apply in your area. Always check compliance
requirements before beginning any installation.
4
ABOUT SMOKE ALARMS
LIMITATIONS OF SMOKE ALARMS
Battery (DC) operated Smoke Alarms: Provide protection even when
electricity fails, provided the batteries are fresh and correctly installed.
Units are easy to install, and do not require professional installation.
AC powered Smoke Alarms: Can be interconnected so if one unit
senses smoke, all units alarm. They do not operate if electricity fails.
AC with battery (DC) back-up: will operate if electricity fails, provided
the batteries are fresh and correctly installed. AC and AC/DC units must
be installed by a qualified electrician.
Smoke Alarms for Solar or Wind Energy users and battery backup
power systems: AC powered Smoke Alarms should only be operated
with true or pure sine wave inverters. Operating this Smoke Alarm with
most battery-powered UPS (uninterruptible power supply) products or
square wave or “quasi sine wave” inverters will damage the Alarm.
If you are not sure about your inverter or UPS type, please consult with
the manufacturer to verify.
Smoke Alarms for the hearing impaired: Special purpose Smoke
Alarms should be installed for the hearing impaired. They include a visual alarm and an audible alarm horn, and meet the requirements of the
Americans With Disabilities Act. Can be interconnected so if one unit
senses smoke, all units alarm.
All these Smoke Alarms are designed to provide early warning of fires if
located, installed and cared for as described in the user’s manual, and if
smoke reaches them. If you are unsure which type of Smoke Alarm to
install, refer to Chapter 2 of the National Fire Protection Association
(NFPA) Standard 72 (National Fire Alarm Code) and NFPA 101 (Life
Safety Code). National Fire Protection Association, One Batterymarch
Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101. Local building codes may also require
specific units in new construction or in different areas of the home.
Smoke Alarms have played a key role in reducing deaths resulting from
home fires worldwide. However, like any warning device, Smoke Alarms
can only work if they are properly located, installed, and maintained, and
if smoke reaches them. They are not foolproof.
Smoke alarms may not waken all individuals. Practice the escape
plan at least twice a year, making sure that everyone is involved – from
kids to grandparents. Allow children to master fire escape planning and
practice before holding a fire drill at night when they are sleeping. If children or others do not readily waken to the sound of the smoke alarm, or
if there are infants or family members with mobility limitations, make sure
that someone is assigned to assist them in fire drill and in the event of
an emergency. It is recommended that you hold a fire drill while family
members are sleeping in order to determine their response to the sound
of the smoke alarm while sleeping and to determine whether they may
need assistance in the event of an emergency.
Smoke Alarms cannot work without power. Battery operated units
cannot work if the batteries are missing, disconnected or dead, if the
wrong type of batteries are used, or if the batteries are not installed correctly. AC units cannot work if the AC power is cut off for any reason
(open fuse or circuit breaker, failure along a power line or at a power station, electrical fire that burns the electrical wires, etc.). If you are concerned about the limitations of battery or AC power, install both types of
units.
Smoke Alarms cannot detect fires if the smoke does not reach the
Alarms. Smoke from fires in chimneys or walls, on roofs, or on the other
side of closed doors may not reach the sensing chamber and set off the
alarm. That is why one unit should be installed inside each bedroom or
sleeping area—especially if bedroom or sleeping area doors are closed
at night—and in the hallway between them.
Smoke Alarms may not detect fire on another floor or area of the
dwelling. For example, a stand-alone unit on the second floor may not
detect smoke from a basement fire until the fire spreads. This may not
give you enough time to escape safely. That is why recommended minimum protection is at least one unit in every sleeping area, and every
bedroom on every level of your dwelling. Even with a unit on every floor,
stand-alone units may not provide as much protection as interconnected
units, especially if the fire starts in a remote area. Some safety experts
recommend installing interconnected AC powered units with battery
back-up (see “About Smoke Alarms”) or professional fire detection systems, so if one unit senses smoke, all units alarm. Interconnected units
may provide earlier warning than stand-alone units since all units alarm
when one detects smoke.
Smoke Alarms may not be heard. Though the alarm horn in this unit
meets or exceeds current standards, it may not be heard if: 1) the unit is
located outside a closed or partially closed door, 2) residents recently
consumed alcohol or drugs, 3) the alarm is drowned out by noise from
stereo, TV, traffic, air conditioner or other appliances, 4) residents are
hearing impaired or sound sleepers. Special purpose units, like those with
visual and audible alarms, should be installed for hearing impaired residents.
Smoke Alarms may not have time to alarm before the fire itself
causes damage, injury, or death, since smoke from some fires may
not reach the unit immediately. Examples of this include persons
smoking in bed, children playing with matches, or fires caused by
violent explosions resulting from escaping gas.
Smoke Alarms are not foolproof. Like any electronic device, Smoke
Alarms are made of components that can wear out or fail at any time.
You must test the unit weekly to ensure your continued protection.
Smoke Alarms cannot prevent or extinguish fires. They are not a substitute for property or life insurance.
Smoke Alarms have a limited life. The unit should be replaced immediately if it is not operating properly. You should always replace a Smoke
Alarm after 10 years from date of purchase. Write the purchase date on
the space provided on back of unit.
SPECIAL COMPLIANCE CONSIDERATIONS
This Smoke Alarm alone is not a suitable substitute for complete fire
detection systems in places housing many people—like apartment buildings, condominiums, hotels, motels, dormitories, hospitals, long-term
health care facilities, nursing homes, day care facilities, or group homes
of any kind—even if they were once single-family homes. It is not a suitable substitute for complete fire detection systems in warehouses,
industrial facilities, commercial buildings, and special-purpose non-residential buildings which require special fire detection and alarm systems.
Depending on the building codes in your area, this Smoke Alarm may be
used to provide additional protection in these facilities.
The following information applies to all four building types below:
In new construction, most building codes require the use of AC or
AC/DC powered Smoke Alarms only. In existing construction, AC,
AC/DC, or DC powered Smoke Alarms can be used as specified by
local building codes. Refer to NFPA 72 (National Fire Alarm Code) and
NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code), local building codes, or consult your Fire
Department for detailed fire protection requirements in buildings not
defined as “households.”
1. Single-Family Residence: Single family home, townhouse. It is recommended Smoke Alarms be installed on every level of the home, in
every bedroom, and in each bedroom hallway.
2. Multi-Family or Mixed Occupant Residence: Apartment building,
condominium. This Smoke Alarm is suitable for use in individual apartments or condos, provided a primary fire detection system already
exists to meet fire detection requirements in common areas like lobbies,
hallways, or porches. Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas may not
provide sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection
ordinances/regulations.
3. Institutions: Hospitals, day care facilities, long-term health care facilities. This Smoke Alarm is suitable for use in individual patient
sleeping/resident rooms, provided a primary fire detection system
already exists to meet fire detection requirements in common areas like
lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas
may not provide sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
4. Hotels and Motels: Also boarding houses and dormitories. This
Smoke Alarm is suitable for use inside individual sleeping/resident
rooms, provided a primary fire detection system already exists to meet
fire detection requirements in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or
porches. Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas may not provide sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection
ordinances/regulations.
BRK® is a registered trademark of BRK Brands, Inc.
First Alert® is a registered trademark of the First Alert Trust.
M08-0053-001 A 03/03
5