Brother 885-S61 Sewing Machine User Manual

GETTING READY
Read before use.
SEWING BASICS
UTILITY STITCHES
Read when additional
information is required.
APPENDIX
Sewing Machine
Product Code: 885-S61
Operation Manual
Enclosed Accessories
After opening the box, check that the following accessories are enclosed. If any item is missing or damaged,
contact your retailer.
Accessories
The following items should also be enclosed in the box.
Note
(For U.S.A. only)
● Foot controller: Model N5V
This foot controller can be used on this
machine model SB3129.
● The screw of the presser foot holder is
available through your authorized dealer.
(Part code: XA4813-051)
● The organized accessory tray is
available,through your authorized dealer.
(Part code: XC4489-051)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
15.
10.
11.
12.*
13.
14.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
7.
8.
9.
16.
17.
18.
24.
25.
27.
26.
* 75/11 2 needles
90/14 2 needles
90/14 2 needles: Ball point needle (gold colored)
No.
1
2
Part Name
6
7
Buttonhole foot “A”
Overcasting foot “G”
Monogramming foot
“N”
Zipper foot “I”
Zigzag foot “J” (on
machine)
Blind stitch foot “R”
Button fitting foot “M”
8
Walking foot
9
Quilting foot
3
4
5
10 Seam ripper
11 Bobbin (4)
(one is on machine)
12 Needle set
13 Twin needle
Cover A
Part Code
Americas
Others
XC2691-023
XE6305-101
No.
Part Name
X59370-021
14
15
16
17
18
XC3021-031
19
Cleaning brush
Eyelet punch
Screwdriver (large)
Screwdriver (small)
Spool cap (large)
Spool cap (medium)(2)
(one is on machine)
Spool cap (small)
Extra spool pin
Spool net
XD0810-031
XE2650-001
XE2643-001
F033N
SA140
(XC2214-052)
F005N
SA129
(XC1948-052)
XZ5082-001
SFB
SA156
(XA5539-151)
X58358-021
X59296-121
20
21
22
23 Foot controller
24
25
26
27
Grid sheet set
Operation manual
Quick reference guide
Hard case
Part Code
Americas
Others
X59476-021
XZ5051-001
XC8349-021
X55468-021
130012-024
XE1372-001
130013-124
XC4654-151
XA5523-020
XD0496-221(EU area)
XC6651-321(other areas)
XC4549-020
XF4637-001
XC4546-151, XC4589-051
XC2360-252
Names of Machine Parts and Their Functions
The names of the various parts of the sewing machine and their functions are described below. Before using the
sewing machine, carefully read these descriptions to learn the names of the machine parts.
Front view
2
1
C
3
4
5
6
B
A
7
8
0
9
1 Thread guide plate / 2 Thread guide cover
Pass the thread around the thread guide plate when
threading the upper thread.
9 Operation buttons
Use the operation buttons to start the sewing machine
and automatically cut the thread. (page Cover D)
3 Spool pin
Place the spool on the spool pin.
0 Flat bed attachment with accessory compartment
Store presser feet and bobbins in the accessory
compartment of the flat bed attachment. When sewing
cylindrical pieces, remove the flat bed attachment.
4 Thread guide for bobbin winding
Pass the thread around this thread guide when winding
the bobbin thread.
5 Upper cover
Open the upper cover to place the spool of thread on
the spool pin.
6 Bobbin winder
Use the bobbin winder when winding the bobbin.
7 Operation panel
Select a stitch from those that appear in the operation
panel. (page Cover E)
8 Sewing speed controller
Use the sewing speed controller to adjust the sewing
speed.
Cover B
A Thread cutter
Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.
B Needle threader lever
Use the needle threader to thread the needle.
C Thread tension dial
Use the thread tension dial to adjust the tension of the
upper thread.
——————————————————————————————————————— Names of Machine Parts and Their Functions
Right-side/rear view
Needle and presser foot
section
1
2
1
2
3
3
4
4
8
5
8
7
6
5
1 Buttonhole lever
Lower the buttonhole lever when sewing buttonholes
and bar tacks.
2 Thread guide discs
Pass the thread through the thread guide discs when
using the needle threader to thread the needle.
3 Needle bar thread hook
Pass the upper thread through the needle bar thread
hook.
4 Needle plate
The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing
straight seams.
5 Bobbin cover/shuttle
Remove the bobbin cover, and then insert the bobbin
into the shuttle.
6 Feed dogs
The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction.
7 Presser foot
The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the
fabric as the sewing takes place. Attach the appropriate
presser foot for the selected stitching.
8 Presser foot holder
The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder.
7
6
1 Presser foot dial
Use the presser foot dial to adjust the amount of
pressure that the presser foot applies to the fabric.
2 Handle
Carry the sewing machine by its handle when
transporting the machine.
3 Balance wheel
Turn the balance wheel toward you to raise and lower
the needle to sew one stitch.
4 Air vent
The air vent allows the air surrounding the motor to be
exchanged. Do not cover the air vent while the sewing
machine is being used.
5 Main power switch
Use the main power switch to turn the sewing machine
on and off.
6 Foot controller jack
Insert the plug on the end of the foot controller cable
into the foot controller jack.
7 Power supply jack
Insert the plug on the power supply cord into the power
supply jack.
8 Feed dog position switch
Use the feed dog position switch to lower the feed dogs.
Memo
● Refer to Cover B, D or E pages while you
are learning to use your machine.
Cover C
Operation buttons
The operation buttons help you to easily perform various basic sewing machine operations.
2
3
5
1
4
6
1 Start/stop button
Press the start/stop button to start or stop sewing. The
machine sews at a slow speed at the beginning of
sewing while the button is depressed. When sewing is
stopped, the needle is lowered in the fabric. For details,
refer to “Starting to sew” (page 49).
The button lights up in green, red or orange, depending
on how the sewing machine is being operated.
Green:
When the machine is ready to start
sewing or while it is sewing
Red:
When the machine is not ready to start
sewing
Orange: When the bobbin winder shaft is moved
to the right for winding the bobbin
thread onto the bobbin
2 Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
Press the reverse/reinforcement stitch button to sew
reverse stitches or reinforcement stitches. Reverse
stitches are sewn by keeping the button pressed down to
sew in the opposite direction. Reinforcement stitches
are sewn by sewing 3 to 5 stitches on top of each other.
For details, refer to “Securing the stitching” (page 51).
3 Needle position button
Press the needle position button to raise or lower the
needle. Pressing the button twice sews one stitch.
4 Thread cutter button
Press the thread cutter button after stopping sewing to
cut both the upper and the bobbin threads. For details,
refer to “Cutting the thread” (page 53).
5 Sewing speed controller
Slide the sewing speed controller to adjust the sewing
speed.
6 Presser foot lever
Raise and lower the presser foot lever to raise and lower
the presser foot.
Cover D
CAUTION
● Do not press the thread cutter button after
the threads have already been cut, otherwise
the needle may break, the threads may
become tangled or damage to the machine
may occur.
Note
● Do not press the thread cutter button if there
is no fabric under the presser foot or while
the machine is sewing, otherwise damage to
the machine may occur.
● When cutting thread thicker than #30,
nylon thread or other special threads, use
the thread cutter on the side of the machine.
For details, refer to “Cutting the thread”
(page 53).
Operation panel
The operation panel, located on the front at the right of the sewing machine, consists of the LCD (liquid crystal
display) and keys for specifying various sewing settings.
1
4
5
6
2
7
3
8
9
0
1 LCD (liquid crystal display)
Settings for the selected stitch and error messages for
incorrect operations appear in the LCD. Use keys 2
through 9, described below, to display various items
and select the settings. For details, refer to
“Understanding the LCD Screens” (page 12).
2 Sewing machine help key
Press this key to display operation information. Simple
descriptions on threading the upper thread, installing
the bobbin, winding the bobbin and replacing the
presser foot can be displayed.
7 OK key
Press this key to apply the selected item.
8 Back key
Press this key to return to the previous screen.
9 Settings key
Press this key to select sewing settings, such as for
automatic reverse/reinforcement stitching, or other
settings such as the operation beep.
0 Stitch keys
Use these keys to quickly select one of 12 of the most
often used stitches. For details, refer to “Selecting
stitching” (page 68).
3 Stitch selection key
Press this key to select the desired type of stitch.
4 + key
Press this key to add a pattern when sewing
combinations of characters or decorative stitches.
5 C key
Press this key to remove an added pattern when sewing
combinations of characters or decorative stitches.
6 Arrow keys
Use these keys to move in the indicated direction when
selecting an item displayed on the screen. In addition,
can be pressed to select a lower setting and
can be pressed to select a higher setting.
Cover E
—————————————————————————————————————————————————— Enclosed Accessories
Optional Accessories
The following are available as optional accessories to be purchased separately.
1.
2.
6.
7.
No.
Part Name
1
Side cutter
2
Quilting guide
3
Wide table
4
Stitch guide foot “P”
3.
Part Code
Americas
Others
F054
SA177
(XC3879-152)
F016N
SA132
(XC2215-052)
WT2
SA537
(XC4541-021)
F035N
SA160
(XC1969-052)
4.
No.
Part Name
5
Adjustable zipper/
piping foot
6
Non stick foot
7
Open toe foot
5.
Part Code
Americas
Others
F036N
SA161
(XC1970-052)
F007N
SA114
(XC1949-052)
F060
SA186
(XE1094-101)
Memo
● To obtain optional accessories or parts, contact your sales representative or the nearest authorized
service center.
1
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing this sewing machine.
Before using this sewing machine, carefully read the “IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS” (page 6), and
then study this manual for the correct operation of the various functions.
In addition, after you have finished reading this manual, store it where it can quickly be accessed for future
reference.
Sewing Machine Features
1
4
5
2
3
1 Easy upper threading
Since the spool can be installed at the front of the sewing machine, the upper thread can easily be threaded. In addition,
the needle can be threaded with a simple operation. (page 24)
2 Automatic thread-cutting
The sewing machine can be set to automatically cut the thread at the end of the stitching. (page 59)
3 One-touch lower threading
You can start sewing without pulling up the bobbin thread. (page 22)
4 Simple bobbin-winding
The bobbin can quickly and easily be wound with thread. (page 18)
5 Built-in stitches
You can select from the built-in stitches available, including utility stitches, character stitches and decorative stitches.
Twelve of the most often used utility stitches can quickly be selected with the stitch keys. (page 68)
2
Contents
Enclosed Accessories ................................................................................................ Cover A
Accessories .............................................................................................................................................Cover A
Names of Machine Parts and Their Functions .......................................................... Cover B
Front view ............................................................................................................................................... Cover B
Needle and presser foot section ..............................................................................................................Cover C
Right-side/rear view ................................................................................................................................Cover C
Operation buttons .................................................................................................................................. Cover D
Operation panel ...................................................................................................................................... Cover E
Optional Accessories ........................................................................................................... 1
Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 2
Sewing Machine Features .................................................................................................... 2
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ............................................................................... 6
GETTING READY ..............................................................................................9
Turning the Machine On/Off ............................................................................................. 10
Power supply precautions ............................................................................................................................... 10
Turning on the machine .................................................................................................................................. 11
Turning off the machine .................................................................................................................................. 11
Understanding the LCD Screens ........................................................................................ 12
Checking machine operating procedures ........................................................................................................ 13
Changing the Machine Settings ......................................................................................... 14
Changing the settings ...................................................................................................................................... 14
Changing the needle stop position .................................................................................................................. 16
Adjusting the brightness of the LCD ................................................................................................................ 16
Changing the screen language ......................................................................................................................... 17
Winding/Installing the Bobbin ........................................................................................... 18
Bobbin precautions ......................................................................................................................................... 18
Winding the bobbin ........................................................................................................................................ 18
Installing the bobbin ....................................................................................................................................... 22
Upper Threading ............................................................................................................... 24
Threading the upper thread ............................................................................................................................. 24
Threading the needle ...................................................................................................................................... 27
Threading the needle manually (without using the needle threader) ................................................................ 28
Using the twin needle ..................................................................................................................................... 28
Using thread that winds off quickly ................................................................................................................. 31
Pulling up the bobbin thread ........................................................................................................................... 31
Replacing the Needle ........................................................................................................ 33
Needle precautions ......................................................................................................................................... 33
Needle types and their uses ............................................................................................................................. 33
Checking the needle ....................................................................................................................................... 34
Replacing the needle ....................................................................................................................................... 35
Replacing the Presser Foot ................................................................................................ 37
Presser foot precautions .................................................................................................................................. 37
Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................................... 37
Adjusting the pressure of the presser foot ........................................................................................................ 39
Removing the presser foot holder .................................................................................................................... 39
Using the walking foot .................................................................................................................................... 40
Sewing Cylindrical or Large Pieces .................................................................................... 42
Stitching cylindrical pieces .............................................................................................................................. 42
Sewing large pieces of fabric ........................................................................................................................... 42
3
SEWING BASICS .............................................................................................45
Sewing ............................................................................................................................... 46
General sewing procedure .............................................................................................................................. 47
Positioning the fabric ...................................................................................................................................... 48
Starting to sew ................................................................................................................................................. 49
Securing the stitching ...................................................................................................................................... 51
Cutting the thread ........................................................................................................................................... 53
Adjusting the Thread Tension ............................................................................................ 54
Changing the tension of the upper thread ........................................................................................................ 54
Adjusting the Stitch Width and Length .............................................................................. 55
Adjusting the stitch width ................................................................................................................................ 55
Adjusting the stitch length ............................................................................................................................... 56
Useful Functions ................................................................................................................ 57
Automatically sewing reverse/reinforcement stitches ....................................................................................... 57
Automatically cutting the thread ..................................................................................................................... 59
Saving stitch settings ....................................................................................................................................... 60
Useful Sewing Tips ............................................................................................................ 62
Trial sewing .................................................................................................................................................... 62
Changing the sewing direction ........................................................................................................................ 62
Sewing curves ................................................................................................................................................. 62
Sewing thick fabrics ........................................................................................................................................ 63
Sewing thin fabrics .......................................................................................................................................... 64
Sewing stretch fabrics ...................................................................................................................................... 64
Sewing leathers or vinyl fabrics ....................................................................................................................... 64
Sewing an even seam allowance ..................................................................................................................... 64
UTILITY STITCHES ..........................................................................................67
Selecting Stitching ............................................................................................................. 68
Stitch types ...................................................................................................................................................... 68
Selecting stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 68
Overcasting Stitches .......................................................................................................... 70
Sewing overcasting stitches using overcasting foot “G” ................................................................................... 70
Sewing overcasting stitches using zigzag foot “J” ............................................................................................. 71
Sewing overcasting stitches using the optional side cutter ............................................................................... 72
Basic Stitching ...................................................................................................................74
Basting ............................................................................................................................................................ 74
Basic stitching ................................................................................................................................................. 74
Blind Hem Stitching .......................................................................................................... 76
Buttonhole Stitching .......................................................................................................... 78
Buttonhole sewing .......................................................................................................................................... 79
Button sewing ................................................................................................................................................. 82
Zipper Insertion ................................................................................................................. 85
Inserting a centered zipper .............................................................................................................................. 85
Inserting a side zipper ..................................................................................................................................... 86
Zipper/piping Insertion ..................................................................................................... 89
Inserting a centered zipper .............................................................................................................................. 89
Inserting a piping ............................................................................................................................................ 90
Sewing Stretch Fabrics and Elastic Tape ............................................................................ 91
Stretch stitching ............................................................................................................................................... 91
Elastic attaching .............................................................................................................................................. 91
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching .......................................................................... 93
Appliqué stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 93
Patchwork (crazy quilt) stitching ..................................................................................................................... 95
Piecing ............................................................................................................................................................ 95
Quilting .......................................................................................................................................................... 96
Free-motion quilting ........................................................................................................................................ 97
Satin stitching .................................................................................................................................................. 98
4
Reinforcement Stitching ..................................................................................................100
Triple stretch stitching ................................................................................................................................... 100
Bar tack stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 100
Darning ......................................................................................................................................................... 102
Eyelet Stitching ................................................................................................................104
Decorative Stitching ........................................................................................................105
Fagoting ........................................................................................................................................................ 106
Scallop stitching ............................................................................................................................................ 107
Smocking ...................................................................................................................................................... 107
Shell tuck stitching ........................................................................................................................................ 108
Joining .......................................................................................................................................................... 109
Heirloom stitching ........................................................................................................................................ 110
Sewing the Various Built-In Decorative Patterns .............................................................113
Sewing beautiful patterns .............................................................................................................................. 113
Sewing patterns ............................................................................................................................................. 113
Combining patterns ....................................................................................................................................... 114
Repeat sewing patterns .................................................................................................................................. 115
Checking the selected pattern ....................................................................................................................... 116
Changing the pattern size .............................................................................................................................. 117
Changing the stitch density ........................................................................................................................... 118
Changing the pattern length .......................................................................................................................... 118
Mirror imaging the pattern ............................................................................................................................ 119
Storing a pattern ............................................................................................................................................ 120
Realigning the pattern ................................................................................................................................... 121
Designing a Pattern .........................................................................................................123
Drawing a sketch of the pattern ..................................................................................................................... 123
Entering the pattern data ............................................................................................................................... 124
Design exampled .......................................................................................................................................... 126
APPENDIX .....................................................................................................127
Stitch Settings ..................................................................................................................128
Utility stitches ............................................................................................................................................... 128
Other stitches ................................................................................................................................................ 133
Maintenance ....................................................................................................................135
Restrictions on oiling ..................................................................................................................................... 135
Cleaning the machine surface ....................................................................................................................... 135
Cleaning the shuttle race ............................................................................................................................... 135
Troubleshooting ..............................................................................................................137
Error messages .............................................................................................................................................. 141
Nothing appears in the LCD .......................................................................................................................... 142
Operation beep ............................................................................................................................................. 142
Cancelling the operation beep ...................................................................................................................... 143
Removing the upper cover ............................................................................................................................ 143
Index ...............................................................................................................................144
5
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Please read these safety instructions before attempting to use the machine.
DANGER
- To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using, when cleaning,
when making any user servicing adjustments mentioned in this manual, or if you are leaving the
machine unattended.
WARNING
- To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or
injury to persons.
2 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet when making any adjustments mentioned
in the instruction manual:
• To unplug the machine, switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off, then grasp
the plug and pull it out of the electrical outlet. Do not pull on the cord.
• Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet. Do not use an extension cord.
• Always unplug your machine if the power is cut.
3 Electrical Hazards:
• This machine should be connected to an AC power source within the range indicated on the
rating label. Do not connect it to a DC power source or inverter. If you are not sure what kind of
power source you have, contact a qualified electrician.
• This machine is approved for use in the country of purchase only.
4 Never operate this machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has
been dropped or damaged, or water is spilled on the unit. Return the machine to the nearest
authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.
• While the machine is stored or in use if you notice anything unusual, such as an odor, heat,
discoloration or deformation, stop using the machine and immediately unplug the power cord.
• When transporting the machine, be sure to carry it by its handle. Lifting the machine by any other
part may damage the machine or result in the machine falling, which could cause injuries.
• When lifting the machine, be careful not to make any sudden or careless movements, otherwise
you may injure your back or knees.
6
5 Always keep your work area clear:
• Never operate the machine with any air openings blocked. Keep ventilation openings of the
machine and foot control free from the build up of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
• Do not store objects on the foot controller.
• Do not use extension cords. Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet.
• Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
• Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being
administered.
• Do not use the machine near a heat source, such as a stove or iron; otherwise, the machine,
power cord or garment being sewn may ignite, resulting in fire or an electric shock.
• Do not place this machine on an unstable surface, such as an unsteady or slanted table, otherwise
the machine may fall, resulting in injuries.
6 Special care is required when sewing:
• Always pay close attention to the needle. Do not use bent or damaged needles.
• Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the machine needle.
• Switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off when making any adjustments in the
needle area.
• Do not use a damaged or incorrect needle plate, as it could cause the needle to break.
• Do not push or pull the fabric when sewing, and follow careful instruction when freehand stitching
so that you do not deflect the needle and cause it to break.
7 This machine is not a toy:
• Your close attention is necessary when the machine is used by or near children.
• The plastic bag that this machine was supplied in should be kept out of the reach of children or
disposed of. Never allow children to play with the bag due to the danger of suffocation.
• Do not use outdoors.
8 For a longer service life:
• When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store
the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects.
• Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders
can damage the case and machine, and should never be used.
• Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet,
needle, or other parts to assure correct installation.
7
9 For repair or adjustment:
• If the Light unit (light-emitting diode) is damaged, it must be replaced by authorized dealer.
• In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table
in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem
persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer.
Use this machine only for its intended use as described in this manual.
Use accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.
The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.
For additional product information, visit our web site at www.brother.com
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
This machine is intended for household use.
This appliance is not intended for use by persons (including children) with reduced physical, sensory
or mental capabilities, or lack of experience and knowledge, unless they have been given
supervision or instruction concerning use of the appliance by a person responsible for their safety.
Children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with the appliance.
FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND
CYPRUS ONLY
IMPORTANT
• In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the
mark, rating as marked on plug.
• Always replace the fuse cover. Never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted.
• If the available electrical outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, you
should contact your authorized dealer to obtain the correct lead.
8
1
GETTING READY
The various preparations required before starting to sew are described in this chapter.
Turning the Machine On/Off ..................................................................................10
Understanding the LCD Screens..............................................................................12
Changing the Machine Settings ...............................................................................14
Winding/Installing the Bobbin ................................................................................18
Upper Threading .....................................................................................................24
Replacing the Needle ..............................................................................................33
Replacing the Presser Foot ......................................................................................37
Sewing Cylindrical or Large Pieces..........................................................................42
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Turning the Machine On/Off
This section explains how to turn the sewing machine on and off.
Power supply precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply.
WARNING
● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Using other power sources may
result in fire, electric shock, or damage to the machine.
● Make sure that the plugs on the power cord are firmly inserted into the electrical outlet and
the power supply jack on the machine.
● Do not insert the plug on the power cord into an electrical outlet that is in poor condition.
● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances:
•
•
•
•
•
When you are away from the machine
After using the machine
When the power fails during use
When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection
During electrical storms
CAUTION
● Use only the power cord included with this machine.
● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to
them. Fire or electric shock may result.
● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Electric shock may result.
● When unplugging the machine, always turn off the main power first. Always grasp the plug to
remove it from the outlet. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord, or lead to fire or electric
shock.
● Do not allow the power cord to be cut, damaged, modified, forcefully bent, pulled, twisted,
or bundled. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. These
things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. If the cord or plug is damaged,
take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use.
● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise a
fire may result.
10
Turning on the machine
1 off (the main power switch is set to “O”), and
Make sure that the sewing machine is turned
then plug the power supply cord into the
power supply jack on the right side of the
machine.
Insert the plug of the power supply cord into a
2 household electrical outlet.
Turning off the machine
When you are finished using the sewing machine,
turn it off. In addition, before transporting the sewing
machine to another location, be sure to turn it off.
1
Make sure that the machine is not sewing.
Press the left side of the main power switch on
2 the right side of the machine (set it to “{”).
X The sewing lamp goes off when the
machine is turned off.
1
1 Power supply jack
Press the right side of the main power switch
3 on the right side of the machine (set it to “I”).
Unplug the power supply cord from the
3 electrical outlet.
Grasp the plug when unplugging the power
supply cord.
4 power supply jack.
Unplug the power supply cord from the
Note
X The sewing lamp and the LCD come on
when the machine is turned on.
Memo
● When the machine is turned on, the needle
and the feed dogs will make sound when
they move; this is not a malfunction.
● When the sewing machine is turned off, all
stitch settings are cancelled.
● If a power outage occurs while the sewing
machine is being operated, turn off the
sewing machine and unplug the power
supply cord. When restarting the sewing
machine, follow the necessary procedure to
correctly operate the machine.
(For U.S.A. only)
● This appliance has a polarized plug (one
blade wider than the other). To reduce the
risk of electrical shock, this plug is intended
to fit in a polarized outlet only one way.
If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet,
reverse the plug. If it still does not fit,
contact a qualified electrician to install the
proper outlet. Do not modify the plug in any
way.
Turning the Machine On/Off
11
1
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Understanding the LCD Screens
The LCD screen, located on the front at the right of the sewing machine, displays the settings for the selected
stitch and error messages if operations are performed incorrectly.
When the sewing machine is turned on, the LCD comes on and the following screen appears.
1
2
1
2
3
4
5
3
4
5
Presser foot that should be used
Single or twin needle
Selected stitch
Stitch length (mm)
Stitch width (mm)
Memo
● For details on the error messages that appear when an operation is performed incorrectly, refer to “Error
messages” (page 141).
12
Checking machine operating
procedures
Simple descriptions on replacing the presser foot,
threading the upper thread, winding the bobbin and
installing the bobbin can be displayed in the LCD.
1
Turn on the sewing machine.
6
When you are finished with the help screen,
press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
Note
● For details on each topic, refer to the
corresponding page in this Operation
Manual.
X The LCD comes on.
2 operation panel.
Press
(sewing machine help key) in the
X The sewing machine help screen appears.
Press
,
,
and
(arrow keys) until
3 the image illustrating desired topic is selected.
1
2
3
4
4
1
2
3
4
Replacing the presser foot
Threading the upper thread
Winding the bobbin
Installing the bobbin
Press
(OK key).
X The first screen describing the procedure for
the selected topic appears.
To display the next screen, press
5 return to the previous screen, press
. To
.
† Example: Upper threading
Understanding the LCD Screens
13
1
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Changing the Machine Settings
Various sewing machine operations and sewing settings can be changed.
Changing the settings
The general procedure for changing machine settings
is described below.
1
Turn on the sewing machine.
X The LCD comes on.
2 panel.
Press
(settings key) in the operation
X The settings screen appears.
Press
,
,
and
(arrow keys) until
3 the stitch or machine attribute that you wish
to set is selected.
4
Press
(OK key).
X A screen containing settings for the selected
attribute appears.
5 the desired setting is selected.
Press
,
,
and
X The setting is changed.
14
(arrow keys) until
6
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
■ List of stitch or machine attribute
The stitch or machine attribute that can be set are listed below. For details on each attribute, refer to the
corresponding reference page.
Attribute
Icon
Details
Reference
Automatic
reverse/
reinforcement
stitching
Specifies automatic reverse/reinforcement stitching.
page 57
Automatic
threadcutting
Specifies automatic thread-cutting.
page 59
Check
pattern
Allows combined patterns to be checked.
page 116
Left/right
mirror
imaging
Mirror images patterns along a vertical axis.
page 119
Pattern
length
Adjusts the length of satin stitches.
page 118
Pattern size
Sets the size of patterns to be large or small.
page 117
Repeated/
single sewing
Specifies whether the pattern will be sewn once or
repeatedly.
page 115
Stitching
density
Specifies the sewing density of the stitching.
page 118
Save settings
Allows adjusted pattern widths and lengths to be
saved.
page 60
Needle
position
Specifies where the needle is positioned when the
sewing machine is stopped.
page 16
Twin needle
sewing
Specifies the twin needle.
page 28
Stitch width
control
Allows the stitch width to be adjusted with the
sewing speed controller.
page 98
Language
Allows the language used in the screens to be
changed.
page 17
Buzzer
Specifies whether or not a beep is sounded with
each operation.
page 143
LCD
brightness
Adjusts the brightness of the LCD.
page 16
Vertical
pattern
adjustment
Adjusts the up and down position of the pattern.
page 121
Changing the Machine Settings
1
15
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Changing the needle stop
position
When the sewing machine is purchased, it is set to
leave the needle lowered in the fabric when sewing
is stopped. However, the machine can be set to
instead leave the needle raised when sewing is
stopped.
Adjusting the brightness of
the LCD
The brightness of the LCD can be adjusted.
Press
(settings key) in the operation
,
,
and
(arrow keys) until
is selected.
1 panel, and then press
1 panel, and then press
Press
(settings key) in the operation
,
,
and
(arrow keys) until
is selected.
2
2
Press
3
Press
(OK key).
X The screen for changing the needle stop
position appears.
to select
To return to
Press
(OK key).
X The screen for changing the brightness of
the LCD appears.
To make the LCD brighter, press
(–). To
(+).
3 make the LCD darker, press
.
, press
.
X The brightness of the LCD is changed.
4
X The machine is now set to stop with the
needle in the raised position.
4
16
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
Changing the screen
language
The language used in the screens that are displayed
can be changed to one of the many available. When
the sewing machine is purchased, the screens appear
in English.
1
Press
(settings key) in the operation
panel, and then press
(arrow keys) until
2
1
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
(OK key).
X The screen for changing the language of the
screens appears.
Press
3 selected.
or
until the desired language is
The language can be changed to one of the
available: English, German, French, Italian,
Dutch, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish,
Finnish, Portuguese, Russian, Korean, Japanese
or others.
X The language of the screens is changed.
4
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
Changing the Machine Settings
17
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Winding/Installing the Bobbin
This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin, and then insert the bobbin thread.
Bobbin precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the bobbin.
CAUTION
● Only use the bobbin (part code: SA156, XA5539-151) designed specifically for this sewing
machine. Use of any other bobbin may result in injuries or damage to the machine.
● The enclosed bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. If bobbins from older
models are used, the machine will not operate correctly. Use only the enclosed bobbin or
bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156, XA5539-151).
Actual size
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
This model
Older model
Winding the bobbin
Wind the thread around the bobbin to prepare the bobbin thread.
1
1 Bobbin winder
Memo
● The order that the machine should be threaded for winding the bobbin is indicated by a broken line on
the sewing machine. Be sure to thread the machine as indicated.
18
1
Turn on the sewing machine.
Place the spool of thread for the bobbin onto
6 the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unrolls from the
bottom front of the spool.
2
Lift open the upper cover.
• If the spool is not positioned so that the
thread unrolls correctly, the thread may
become tangled around the spool pin.
Place the bobbin on the bobbin winder shaft
3 so that the spring on the shaft fits into the
notch in the bobbin.
1
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
7 With the rounded side of the spool cap
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible until the
right side of the spool touches the right end of
the spool pin.
2
1 Notch
2 Bobbin winder shaft spring
4
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
• Three spool cap sizes are available (large,
medium and small). Use the spool cap with
a diameter that is slightly larger than the
diameter of the spool. The medium-sized
spool cap is already on the spool pin when
the sewing machine is purchased.
2
1
3
Remove the spool cap that is inserted onto the
5 spool pin.
1
1 Spool cap (large)
2 Spool cap (medium)
3 Spool
• When using a spool of cross-wound thread,
install the small spool cap with some space
between the cap and the spool.
2
1
2
1 Spool pin
2 Spool cap
3
1 Spool
2 Gap
3 Spool cap (small)
Winding/Installing the Bobbin
19
1
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Pull the thread to the right, pass it under the
0 hook on the thread guide for bobbin winding,
CAUTION
● If the spool or the spool cap is not
positioned correctly, the thread may
become tangled around the spool pin or
the needle may break.
● Three spool cap sizes are available (large,
medium and small), allowing you to
choose a spool cap that best fits the size
of spool being used. If the spool cap is
too small for the spool being used, the
thread may catch on the slit in the spool
or the needle may break.
and then wind it counterclockwise between
the discs.
1
1
8 pull the thread with your left hand, and then
While holding the spool with your right hand,
pass the thread behind the thread guide cover
to the front.
1 Thread guide for bobbin winding
While using your left hand to hold the end of
1
a the thread that wraps around the thread guide
for bobbin winding, use your right hand to
wind the free end of the thread clockwise
around the bobbin four or five times.
1 Thread guide cover
Pass the thread under the thread guide plate
9 from the right.
Pull the thread to the right and pass it through
b the slit in the bobbin winder seat.
1
1 Slit in bobbin winder seat (with built-in cutter)
1
1 Thread guide plate
20
X The thread is cut to a suitable length.
Use scissors to cut the end of the thread
f wound around the bobbin.
CAUTION
● Be sure to cut the thread as described on
the previous page. If the bobbin is wound
without cutting the thread using the
cutter built into the slit in the bobbin
winder seat, the thread may become
tangled in the bobbin or the needle may
bend or break when the bobbin thread
starts to run out.
1
g
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the left.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
c (so that the speed will be fast).
Memo
● If the bobbin winder shaft is set to the right
side, the needle will not move. (Sewing is
impossible.)
1
1 Sewing speed controller
d
Press
h
Remove the bobbin from the shaft.
(start/stop button) once.
When the foot controller is plugged in, press
down on the foot controller.
Slide the sewing speed controller back to its
i original position.
1
1 Start/stop button
X The bobbin starts spinning and the thread is
wound around the bobbin.
CAUTION
● Use a bobbin thread that has been
correctly wound, otherwise the needle
may break or the thread tension will be
incorrect.
X The bobbin stops spinning when it is full.
e
Press
(start/stop button) once.
When the foot controller is plugged in, remove
your foot from the foot controller.
X The sewing machine stops.
Memo
● When the sewing machine is started or the
balance wheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
Winding/Installing the Bobbin
21
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
4
Installing the bobbin
Install the bobbin wound with thread.
Remove the bobbin cover.
5 hold the end of the thread with your left.
Hold the bobbin with your right hand and
CAUTION
● Use a bobbin thread that has been
correctly wound, otherwise the needle
may break or the thread tension will be
incorrect.
• Be careful not to drop the bobbin.
Insert the bobbin with your right hand so that
6 the end of the thread is on the left, and then,
● The bobbin was designed specifically for
this sewing machine. If bobbins from
older models are used, the machine will
not operate correctly. Use only the
enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same
type (part code: SA156, XA5539-151).
after pulling the thread firmly around the tab
with your left hand as shown, lightly pull the
thread to guide it through the slit.
Actual size
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
This model
Older model
Memo
● The order that the bobbin thread should be
passed through the shuttle is indicated by
marks around the shuttle. Be sure to thread
the machine as indicated.
Press
(needle position button) once or
1 twice to raise the needle, and then raise the
presser foot lever.
2
Turn off the sewing machine.
3
Slide the bobbin cover latch to the right.
1
2
1 Bobbin cover
2 Latch
X The bobbin cover opens.
22
1
1 Tab
CAUTION
● Be sure to install the bobbin so that the
thread unwinds in the correct direction,
otherwise the thread may break or the
thread tension will be incorrect.
While lightly holding down the bobbin with
7 your right hand as shown, guide the thread
through the slit (1 and 2).
• At this time, check that the bobbin easily
rotates counterclockwise.
Then, pull the thread toward you to cut it with
the cutter (3).
1
1 Slit
2 Cutter (Cut the thread with the cutter.)
8 Insert the tab in the lower-left corner of the
Reattach the bobbin cover.
bobbin cover, and then lightly press down on
the right side.
2
1
X The lower threading is finished.
Next, thread the upper thread. Continue with
the procedure in “Upper Threading” (on the
next page).
Memo
● You can begin sewing without pulling up
the bobbin thread. If you wish to pull up the
bobbin thread before starting to sew, pull
up the thread according to the procedure in
“Pulling up the bobbin thread” (page 31).
Winding/Installing the Bobbin
23
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Upper Threading
In this section, the procedures for positioning the spool for the upper thread and threading the needle are
described.
CAUTION
● When threading the upper thread,
carefully follow the instructions. If the
upper threading is not correct, the thread
may become tangled or the needle may
bend or break.
Memo
● The order that the machine should be
threaded is indicated by a solid line on the
sewing machine. Be sure to thread the
machine as indicated.
Threading the upper thread
1
Turn on the sewing machine.
2
Raise the presser foot lever.
1
1 Presser foot lever
X The presser foot is raised.
24
• If the presser foot is not raised, the sewing
machine cannot be threaded correctly.
Press
(needle position button) once
3 or twice to raise the needle.
Place the spool for the upper thread onto the
6 spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unrolls from the
bottom front of the spool.
1
• If the spool is not positioned so that the
thread unrolls correctly, the thread may
become tangled around the spool pin.
1 Needle position button
• If the needle is not correctly raised, the
sewing machine cannot be threaded. Check
that the mark on the balance wheel is facing
up as shown in the illustration below. If the
balance wheel is not in this position, be sure
to press the needle position button to raise
the needle before using the needle threader.
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
7 With the rounded side of the spool cap
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible until the
right side of the spool touches the right end of
the spool pin.
1
1 Mark on balance wheel
4
Lift open the upper cover.
• Three spool cap sizes are available (large,
medium and small). Use the spool cap with
a diameter that is slightly larger than the
diameter of the spool. The medium-sized
spool cap is already on the spool pin when
the sewing machine is purchased.
2
1
3
Remove the spool cap that is inserted onto the
5 spool pin.
1
1 Spool cap (large)
2 Spool cap (medium)
3 Spool
• When using a spool of cross-wound thread,
install the small spool cap with some space
between the cap and the spool.
2
2
1 Spool pin
2 Spool cap
1
3
1 Spool
2 Gap
3 Spool cap (small)
Upper Threading
25
1
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
While using your right hand to hold the thread
0 passed under the thread guide plate taut, pass
CAUTION
● If the spool or the spool cap is not
positioned correctly, the thread may
become tangled around the spool pin or
the needle may break.
● Three spool cap sizes are available (large,
medium and small), allowing you to
choose a spool cap that best fits the size
of spool being used. If the spool cap is
too small for the spool being used, the
thread may catch on the slit in the spool
or the needle may break.
the thread through the guides in the order (up
→ left → down → up → down) shown.
1
1 Shutter
8 pull the thread with your left hand, and then
While holding the spool with your right hand,
pass the thread behind the thread guide cover
to the front.
The following diagram shows the shutter
position when the presser foot is lowered.
Since the shutter is closed when the presser
foot is lowered, the machine cannot be
threaded. Be sure to raise the presser foot so
that the shutter is open in order to thread the
machine.
1
1
1 Shutter
a base of the needle bar.
Pass the thread through the thread hook at the
1 Thread guide cover
9 from the right.
Pass the thread under the thread guide plate
1
1
1 Thread hook
1 Thread guide plate
26
Next, use the needle threader to thread the
needle. Continue with the procedure in
“Threading the needle” (on the next page).
3
Threading the needle
Lower the presser foot lever.
Memo
1
● The needle threader can be used with
sewing machine needles 75/11 through
100/16.
● The needle threader cannot be used with
the wing needle or the twin needle.
● If the needle threader cannot be used, refer
to “Threading the needle manually (without
using the needle threader)” on page 28.
1
1 Presser foot lever
X The presser foot is lowered.
4
Lower the needle threader lever until it clicks.
1
Pull the end of the thread, which has been
1 passed through the needle bar thread guide,
to the left, then pass the thread through the
notch of the thread guide 1, and then firmly
pull the thread from the front and insert it into
the slit of the thread guide disk marked “7” all
the way 2.
Make sure that the thread passes the notch of
the thread guide.
1 Needle threader lever
X The thread is passed through the eye of the
needle.
5
Release the needle threader lever.
Carefully pull on the loop of thread passed
6 through the eye of the needle to pull out the
end of the thread.
2
2
1
1
1 Notch of the thread guide
2 Thread guide disk
Cut the thread with the cutter on the left side
2 of the machine.
Raise the presser foot lever, pass the thread
7 through the presser foot, and then pull out
about 5 cm (2 inch) of thread toward the rear
of the machine.
1
5
1
1 5 cm (2 inch)
X The upper threading is finished.
1 Thread cutter
Now that the upper threading and the lower threading
are finished, you are ready to begin sewing.
Upper Threading
27
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Raise the presser foot lever, pass the end of
4 the thread through the presser foot, and then
Note
● If the needle is not raised, the needle
threader cannot thread the needle. Be sure
to press the needle position button to raise
the needle before using the needle threader.
● If the twin needle is installed, the needle
threader cannot be used. For details, refer to
“Using the twin needle” (at the right).
Threading the needle
manually (without using the
needle threader)
pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread
toward the rear of the machine.
Using the twin needle
With the twin needle, you can sew two parallel lines
of the same stitch with two different threads. Both
upper threads should have the same thickness and
quality. Be sure to use the twin needle, the extra
spool pin and the spool cap.
For details on the stitches that can be sewn with the
twin needle, refer to “Stitch Settings” (page 128).
When using specialty thread, such as transparent
nylon thread or metallic thread, a wing needle or a
twin needle which cannot be used with the needle
threader, thread the needle as described below.
Thread the machine to the needle bar thread
1 guide.
• For details, refer to “Upper Threading” on
page 24.
2
Lower the presser foot lever.
CAUTION
● Only use the twin needle (part code:
X59296-121). Use of any other needle
may bend the needle or damage the
machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can
easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
1
Install the twin needle.
1 Pressor foot lever
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
3 from front to back.
1 • For details on installing a needle, refer to
“Replacing the needle” (page 35).
Thread the upper thread for the left needle
2 eye.
• For details, refer to steps 1 through a of
“Threading the upper thread” (page 24).
CAUTION
● Do not touch the
(start/stop button),
(needle position button) or
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button). If
one of the buttons is accidentally
pressed, the machine will begin sewing
and your finger may be pricked with the
needle or the needle may break.
28
Manually thread the left needle with the
3 upper thread.
Thread the upper thread in the same way that
7 the upper thread for the left side was
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front.
threaded.
1
1
1 Thread guide cover
• The needle threader cannot be used with the twin
needle. If the needle threader is used with the twin
needle, the sewing machine may be damaged.
Insert the extra spool pin onto the bobbin
4 winder shaft.
• For details, refer to step 8 through 0 of
“Threading the upper thread” (page 26).
8 needle bar thread hook, manually thread the
Without passing the thread through the
right needle.
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front.
Insert the extra spool pin so that it is
perpendicular to the bobbin winder shaft.
1
1 Bobbin winder shaft
5
• The needle threader cannot be used with the
twin needle. If the needle threader is used
with the twin needle, the sewing machine
may be damaged.
Swing down the spool pin so that it is horizontal.
9 • For details on changing the presser foot, refer
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 37).
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to
Place the upper thread spool for the needle on
6 the right side onto the extra spool pin, and
then secure it with the spool cap.
The thread should unroll from the top front of the spool.
1
1 Spool cap
2 Spool
attach zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the
needle may break or the machine may be
damaged.
0
Turn on the sewing machine.
2
X The LCD comes on.
Upper Threading
29
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
a
b
Press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
(arrow keys) until
Select a stitch.
f • For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting stitching” (page 68).
• For details on the stitches that can be sewn
with the twin needle, refer to “Stitch
Settings” (page 128).
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to
c
Press
d
Press
(OK key).
X The screen for selecting the twin needle
appears.
select an appropriate stitch, otherwise
the needle may break or the machine
may be damaged.
Start sewing.
to select
To return to
g • For details on starting to sew, refer to
.
, press
.
“Starting to sew” (page 49).
X Two lines of stitching are sewn parallel to
each other.
X The twin needle can now be used.
e
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again, and
appears in the lower-left corner of the
screen.
CAUTION
• Even after the sewing machine is turned off,
the twin needle setting is not cancelled.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to
select the twin needle setting, otherwise
the needle may break or the machine
may be damaged.
30
● When changing the sewing direction,
press
(needle position button) to
raise the needle from the fabric, and then
raise the presser foot lever and turn the
fabric.
Using thread that winds off
quickly
When using thread that winds off quickly, such as
transparent nylon thread or metallic thread, place the
enclosed spool net over the spool before placing the
spool of thread onto the spool pin.
If the spool net is too long, fold it to fit the size of the
spool.
1
2
Pulling up the bobbin thread
When making gathers or before free-motion quilting,
first pull up the bobbin thread as described below.
Insert the bobbin into the shuttle.
1 • Refer to steps 1 through 5 of “Installing the
bobbin” (page 22).
Pass the bobbin thread through the slot.
2 Do not cut the thread with the cutter.
3
4
1
2
3
4
Spool net
Spool
Spool cap
Spool pin
While lightly holding the upper thread with
(needle position
button) twice to raise the needle.
3 your left hand, press
1
1 Needle position button
X The bobbin thread is looped around the
upper thread and can be pulled up.
Carefully pull the upper thread upward to pull
4 out the end of the bobbin thread.
Upper Threading
31
1
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of the bobbin
5 thread under the presser foot toward the rear
of the machine.
Reattach the bobbin cover.
6 Insert the tab in the lower-left corner of the
bobbin cover, and then lightly press down on
the right side.
2
1
32
Replacing the Needle
This section provides information on sewing machine needles.
1
Needle precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Failure to observe these
precautions is extremely dangerous, for example, if the needle breaks and fragments are dispersed. Be sure to
read and carefully follow the instructions below.
CAUTION
● Only use home sewing machine needles. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or
damage the machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
Needle types and their uses
The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Refer to the
following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew.
Thread
Fabric Type/Application
Size of Needle
Type
Medium weight
fabrics
Broadcloth
Cotton thread
Taffeta
Synthetic thread
Flannel, Gabardine
Silk thread
Lawn
Cotton thread
Georgette
Synthetic thread
Challis, Satin
Silk thread
Denim
Cotton thread
Size
60–90
75/11–90/14
50
60–90
Thin fabrics
65/9–75/11
50
30
100/16
50
Thick fabrics
Corduroy
Synthetic thread
90/14–100/16
50-60
Tweed
Stretch
fabrics
Silk thread
Jersey
Thread for knits
50–60
Tricot
Ball point needle
75/11–90/14
(golden colored)
Cotton thread
50–90
Easily frayed fabrics
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
For top-stitching
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
65/9–90/14
50
30
100/16
50–60
90/11–90/14
Replacing the Needle
33
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Note
● Never use a thread of weight 20 or lower. It
may cause malfunctions.
Memo
● The smaller the thread number, the thicker
the thread, and the larger the needle
number, the thicker the needle.
● Use the ball point needle when sewing on
stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped
stitches easily occur.
● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with
transparent nylon threads, regardless of the
fabric being sewn.
CAUTION
● The appropriate fabric, thread and
needle combinations are shown in the
table on the previous page. If the
combination of the fabric, thread and
needle is not correct, particularly when
sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with
thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11), the
needle may bend or break. In addition,
the stitching may be uneven or puckered
or there may be skipped stitches.
Checking the needle
Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous
since the needle may break while the machine is
being operated.
Before using the needle, place the flat side of the
needle on a flat surface and check that the distance
between the needle and the flat surface is even.
1
2
1 Flat side
2 Needle type marking
■ Correct needle
1
1 Flat surface
■ Incorrect needle
If the distance between the needle and the flat
surface is not even, the needle is bent. Do not use
a bent needle.
1
1 Flat surface
34
Hold the needle with your left hand, and then
Replacing the needle
Replace the needle as described below. Use the
screwdriver and a needle that has been determined
to be straight according to the instructions in
“Checking the needle”.
Press
4 use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp
screw counterclockwise to remove the
needle.
1
1
(needle position button) once or
1 twice to raise the needle.
2
1 Screwdriver
2 Needle clamp screw
• Do not apply a strong force when loosening
or tightening the needle clamp screw,
otherwise certain parts of the sewing
machine may be damaged.
1
1 Needle position button
2
Turn off the sewing machine.
With the flat side of the needle toward the
5 rear of the machine, insert the needle until it
touches the needle stopper.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the needle, be sure to
turn off the sewing machine, otherwise
injuries may occur if the start/stop
button is accidentally pressed and the
machine starts sewing.
3
While holding the needle with your left hand,
6 use the screwdriver to tighten the needle
clamp screw.
Lower the presser foot lever.
Install the twin needle in the same way.
1
1 Presser foot lever
Replacing the Needle
35
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
CAUTION
● Be sure to insert the needle until it
touches the needle stopper and securely
tighten the needle clamp screw with the
screwdriver, otherwise the needle may
break or damage may result.
36
Replacing the Presser Foot
The presser foot presses down on the fabric.
1
Presser foot precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the needles.
CAUTION
● Use the presser foot appropriate for the type of stitch that you wish to sew, otherwise the
needle may hit the presser foot, causing the needle to bend or break.
● Only use presser feet designed specifically for this sewing machine. Use of any other presser
foot may result in injuries or damage to the machine.
Replacing the presser foot
Replace the presser foot as described below.
For details on using the side cutter “S”, refer to
“Sewing overcasting stitches using the optional side
cutter” (page 72).
Press
(needle position button) once or
1 twice to raise the needle.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure
to turn off the sewing machine, otherwise
injuries may occur if the start/stop
button is accidentally pressed and the
machine starts sewing.
3
Raise the presser foot lever.
1
1
2
1 Needle position button
1 Presser foot lever
X The needle is raised.
X The presser foot is raised.
Turn off the sewing machine.
Replacing the Presser Foot
37
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Press the black button at the back of the
4 presser foot holder.
Note
● When a stitch is selected, the icon for the
presser foot that should be used appears in
the screen. Check that the correct presser
foot is attached before starting to sew. If the
wrong presser foot is installed, turn off the
sewing machine, attach the correct presser
foot, and then select the desired stitch
again.
1
2
Buttonhole foot “A”
Overcasting foot “G”
1 Black button
2 Presser foot holder
Zigzag foot “J”
X The presser foot holder releases the presser
foot.
Button fitting foot “M”
Place a different presser foot below the holder
Blind stitch foot “R”
5 so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the
notch in the holder.
Position the presser foot so the letter indicating
the presser foot type (A, G, I, J, M, N or R) is
positioned to be read.
1
3
2
1 Presser foot holder
2 Notch
3 Pin
Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the
6 presser foot pin snaps into the notch in the
presser foot holder.
1
1 Presser foot lever
X The presser foot is attached.
7 presser foot is securely attached.
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
38
Monogramming foot “N”
Side cutter “S”
● For details on the presser foot that should be
used with the selected stitch, refer to “Stitch
Settings” (page 128).
Adjusting the pressure of
the presser foot
The amount of pressure that the presser foot applies
to the fabric can be adjusted.
1
Lower the presser foot lever.
Removing the presser foot
holder
Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the
sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that
does not use the presser foot holder, such as the
quilting foot. Use the screwdriver to remove the
presser foot holder.
■ Removing the presser foot holder
Remove the presser foot.
1 • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot
1
2 holder screw.
1 Presser foot lever
2 sewing machine.
Turn the presser foot dial at the back of the
The scale on the dial indicates the range from
1 (weak) to 4 (strong). Turn the dial to the right
(smaller number) to decrease the pressure.
Turn the dial to the left (larger number) to
decrease the pressure.
Strong
3
1
1 Screwdriver
■ Attaching the presser foot holder
Align the presser foot holder with the lower-
1 left side of the presser bar.
Weak
Hold the presser foot holder in place with
3 to 3 (standard).
When you are finished sewing, reset the dial
2 your right hand, and then tighten the screw
using the screwdriver in your left hand.
1
1 Screwdriver
Note
● If the presser foot holder is not correctly
installed, the thread tension will be
incorrect.
Replacing the Presser Foot
39
1
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
CAUTION
Using the walking foot
With the walking foot, both pieces of fabric are fed
evenly by the feed dogs and the teeth on the presser
foot. This is useful when sewing fabrics that are hard
to feed such as vinyl and leather and when sewing
fabrics that easily slip such as velvets or when
quilting.
Use the screwdriver to attach the walking foot.
● Be sure to securely tighten the screw
with the screwdriver, otherwise the
needle may touch the presser foot,
causing it to bend or break.
● Before starting to sew, slowly turn the
balance wheel toward you and check
that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
Note
■ Attaching the walking foot
● When sewing with the walking foot, sew at
a speed between slow and medium.
Note
● Thread the needle manually when using the
walking foot, or only attach the walking foot
after threading the needle using the needle
threader.
■ Removing the walking foot
Press
(needle position button) once or
1 twice to raise the needle.
Remove the presser foot holder.
1 • For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (on the previous page).
1
Hook the connecting fork of the walking foot
2 onto the needle clamp screw.
1 Needle position button
1
2
2
1 Connecting fork
2 Needle clamp screw
Lower the presser foot lever, insert the presser
3 foot holder screw, and then tighten the screw
with the screwdriver.
1
1 Presser foot holder screw
40
X The needle is raised.
Turn off the sewing machine.
3
Raise the presser foot lever.
1
1
1 Presser foot lever
X The presser foot is raised.
With a screwdriver, loosen the presser foot
4 holder screw, and then remove the walking
foot.
Attach the presser foot holder.
5 • For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 39).
Memo
● Only the straight stitch (with reinforcement
stitching) and the zigzag stitch can be used
with the walking foot. For details on the
stitches, refer to “Stitch Settings” (page 128).
Replacing the Presser Foot
41
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Sewing Cylindrical or Large Pieces
When sewing cylindrical or large pieces of fabric, remove the flat bed attachment.
Stitching cylindrical pieces
Removing the flat bed attachment makes it easier to
sew cylindrical pieces such as cuffs and pant legs.
1
Sewing large pieces of fabric
The optional wide table makes sewing large pieces
of fabric easier.
Pull the flat bed attachment off to the left.
Open up the legs at the bottom of the wide
1 table.
Pull out the four legs until they snap into place.
X With the flat bed attachment removed, freearm sewing is possible.
2 arm, and then sew from the top.
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the
2
Pull the flat bed attachment off to the left.
When you are finished with free-arm sewing,
3 install the flat bed attachment back in its
original position.
X With the flat bed attachment removed, freearm sewing is possible.
Install the wide table.
3 Keeping the wide table level, fully slide it into
place.
Note
● The optional wide table is available through
your brother retailer.
42
Turn the screw at the bottom of the legs to
4 adjust their height.
1
CAUTION
● Do not move the sewing machine while
the wide table is attached, otherwise
damage or injuries may occur.
5 remove it.
When you are finished using the wide table,
While slightly lifting up the wide table, pull it
off to the left.
Install the flat bed attachment back in its
6 original position.
Memo
● With the legs folded up, the wide table can
be stored attached to the hard case.
Sewing Cylindrical or Large Pieces
43
GETTING READY ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
44
2
SEWING BASICS
The necessary preparations for sewing are described in this chapter.
Sewing.....................................................................................................................46
Adjusting the Thread Tension..................................................................................54
Adjusting the Stitch Width and Length....................................................................55
Useful Functions .....................................................................................................57
Useful Sewing Tips ..................................................................................................62
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Sewing
Basic sewing operations are described below.
Before operating the sewing machine, read the following precautions.
CAUTION
● While the machine is in operation, pay special attention to the needle location. In addition,
keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and balance wheel, otherwise
injuries may occur.
● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing, otherwise injuries may occur or the
needle may break.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins, otherwise the needle may break or
bend.
46
General sewing procedure
Follow the basic procedures below to sew.
1
Turn on the
machine.
Turn on the sewing machine.
For details on turning on the machine, refer to “Turning on the machine”
(page 11).
↓
2
Select the stitch.
2
Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn.
For details on selecting a stitch, refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 68).
↓
3
Attach the presser
foot.
Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch.
For details on replacing the presser foot, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
↓
4
Position the fabric.
Place the area to be sewn under the presser foot. Be sure that the fabric
pieces are sewn in the correct order and that the right and wrong sides of
the fabric are aligned correctly.
For details on positioning the fabric, refer to “Positioning the fabric”
(page 48).
↓
5
Start sewing.
Start sewing.
For details on starting to sew, refer to “Starting to sew” (page 49).
↓
6
Cut the thread.
Cut the thread at the end of sewing. The thread may also be cut automatically.
For details on cutting the thread, refer to “Cutting the thread” (page 53).
Sewing
47
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Positioning the fabric
Be sure that the fabric pieces are sewn in the correct
order and that the right and wrong sides of the fabric
are aligned correctly.
1
Turn on the sewing machine.
5
Lower the presser foot lever.
The straight stitch (left needle position) is
automatically selected.
2
Press
(needle position button) once or
1
twice to raise the needle.
1 Presser foot lever
X The fabric is now positioned to be sewn.
1
1 Needle position button
3
Place the fabric under the presser foot.
• If the seam allowance is positioned on the
right side, sewing in a straight line is easier
and the extra fabric does not get in the way.
4 fabric with your left hand, turn the balance
While holding the end of the thread and the
wheel toward you with your right hand to
lower the needle to the starting point of the
stitching.
48
Memo
● To adjust the pressure that the presser foot
applies to the fabric, refer to “Adjusting the
pressure of the presser foot” (page 39).
When the end of the stitching is reached,
(start/stop button) once.
3 press
Starting to sew
Once you are ready to start sewing, you can start the
sewing machine. The sewing speed can be adjusted
using either the operation buttons or the foot
controller.
■ Using the operation buttons
Sewing can be started and stopped using the
operation button
(start/stop button).
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
1 right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
X The machine stops sewing with the needle
down (in the fabric).
When you are finished sewing, raise the
4 needle, and then cut the threads.
• For details, refer to “Cutting the thread”
(page 53).
■ Using the foot controller
Sewing can be started and stopped using the foot
controller.
Turn off the sewing machine.
1 When connecting the foot controller, be sure
1
to turn off the sewing machine in order to
prevent the machine from accidentally being
started.
1 Sewing speed controller
2
Press
(start/stop button) once.
Insert the foot controller plug into its jack on
2 the side of the sewing machine.
1
1
1 Start/stop button
X The machine starts sewing.
1 Foot controller jack
Note
(For U.S.A. only)
• If you continue to hold the start/stop button
pressed immediately after the sewing starts,
the machine will sew at a slow speed.
● Foot controller: Model N5V
This foot controller can be used on this
machine model NX-400/PC-420.
Sewing
49
2
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
3
Turn on the sewing machine.
When you are finished sewing, raise the
7 needle, and then cut the threads.
• For details, refer to “Cutting the thread”
(page 53).
Memo
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
4 right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start or
stop sewing.
● When sewing is stopped, the needle
remains lowered (in the fabric). The
machine can be set so that the needle will
stay up when sewing is stopped. For details
on setting the machine so that the needle
stays up when sewing is stopped, refer to
“Changing the needle stop position”
(page 16).
1
CAUTION
1 Sewing speed controller
● Do not allow thread or dust to
• The speed set using the sewing speed
controller is the foot controller’s maximum
sewing speed.
accumulate in the foot controller,
otherwise a fire or an electric shock may
occur.
● Do not place objects on the foot
controller, otherwise damage to the
machine or injuries may occur.
● If the machine is not to be used for a long
period of time, unplug the foot
controller, otherwise a fire or an electric
shock may occur.
Once you are ready to start sewing, slowly
5 press down on the foot controller.
Pressing down on the foot controller increases
the sewing speed; releasing the pressure on the
foot controller decreases the sewing speed.
Slower
Faster
• Slowly press down on the foot controller.
Pressing it down hard starts sewing too
quickly.
X The machine starts sewing.
When the end of the stitching is reached,
6 completely release the foot controller.
X The machine stops sewing with the needle
lowered (in the fabric).
50
After sewing 3 to 5 stitches, press
Securing the stitching
When sewing with the straight stitch, for example, at
the end of an opening or where seams do not
overlap, use reverse stitching or reinforcement
stitching to secure the end of the thread.
3 (reverse/reinforcement stitch button).
Keep the reverse/reinforcement stitch button
held down until you reach the beginning of the
stitching.
1
Lower the needle into the fabric at the
1 beginning of the stitching, and then lower the
presser foot lever.
2
1 Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
X While the reverse/reinforcement stitch
button is held pressed, reverse stitches are
sewn.
2 on the foot controller.
Press
(start/stop button) or press down
At this time, if the start/stop button is held
pressed, the machine sews at a low speed.
After sewing back to the beginning of the
4 stitching, release the reverse/reinforcement
stitch button.
X The machine stops sewing.
Press
(start/stop button), or press down
5 on the foot controller.
X The machine starts sewing in the normal
sewing direction.
1
1 Start/stop button
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 49).
X The machine starts sewing.
When the end of the stitching is reached,
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button).
Keep the reverse/reinforcement stitch button
held down until 3 to 5 reverse stitches are
sewn.
6 press
X While the reverse/reinforcement stitch
button is depressed, reverse stitches are
sewn.
Sewing
51
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
After 3 to 5 reverse stitches have been sewn,
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button).
7 release
X The machine stops sewing.
8 on the foot controller.
Press
(start/stop button), or press down
■ Sewing reinforcement stitches
When sewing stitches other than straight or zigzag
stitches that are secured with reverse stitching,
pressing
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button) sews reinforcement stitches, 3 to 5 stitches
on top of each other.
At this time, if the start/stop button is held
pressed, the machine sews at a low speed.
X The machine starts sewing in the normal
sewing direction.
1
After sewing to the end of the stitching, the
9 sewing machine stops.
Release the start/stop button or foot controller.
2
1 Reverse stitching
2 Reinforcement stitching
1
Memo
3
1
2
5
4
6
2
1 Beginning of stitching
2 End of stitching
52
● Whether reverse stitches or reinforcement
stitches are sewn depends on the stitch that
is selected. For details, refer to “Stitch
Settings” (page 128).
Memo
Cutting the thread
● The machine can be set so that the threads
will be cut when sewing is finished. For
details on setting the machine so that the
threads are cut automatically, refer to
“Automatically cutting the thread”
(page 59).
When you have finished sewing, cut the threads. The
threads can be cut in either of two ways.
■ Using the thread cutter button
1
When you wish to finish the stitching, press
(thread cutter button) once.
■ Using the manual thread cutter
When sewing with nylon or metallic threads, or
other special threads, use the thread cutter on the
side of the machine to cut the threads.
1
When you wish to finish the stitching and the
1 sewing machine is stopped, press
(needle position button) once to raise the
needle.
1 Thread cutter button
X The threads are cut and the needle is raised.
2
Raise the presser foot lever.
1
1 Needle position button
1
1 Presser foot lever
X The needle is raised.
2
Raise the presser foot lever.
CAUTION
● Do not press the thread cutter button
after the threads have already been cut,
otherwise the needle may break, the
threads may become tangled or damage
to the machine may occur.
1
1 Presser foot lever
Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine,
Note
● Do not press the thread cutter button if there
is no fabric under the presser foot or while
the machine is sewing, otherwise damage to
the machine may occur.
3 and then pass the threads through the thread
cutter to cut them.
1
1 Thread cutter
Sewing
53
2
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Adjusting the Thread Tension
The tensions of the upper thread and of the bobbin thread (thread tension) should be adjusted so that they are
equal.
Changing the tension of the
upper thread
If the thread and needle combination is correct for
the type of fabric being sewn (according to “Needle
types and their uses” on page 33), the thread tension
will automatically be adjusted to the appropriate
setting. However, if the preset thread tension does
not give the desired result or if you are sewing with
special thread or on special fabric, use the thread
tension dial under the upper cover to adjust the
tension of the upper thread.
Turn the thread tension dial to the left to loosen
the upper thread.
■ Upper thread is too loose
If the upper thread is visible from the wrong side
of the fabric, the upper thread is too loose.
■ Correct thread tension
The upper thread and the bobbin thread should
cross near the center of the fabric. Only the upper
thread should be visible from the right side of the
fabric, and only the bobbin thread should be
visible from the wrong side of the fabric.
Note
● If the upper thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too
loose. In this case, refer to “Upper
Threading” on page 24 and rethread the
upper thread.
1
5
1 Wrong side of
fabric
2 Right side of
fabric
3 Upper thread
4 Bobbin thread
2
3
4
■ Upper thread is too tight
If the bobbin thread is visible from the right side
of the fabric, the upper thread is too tight.
Note
● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too tight.
In this case, refer to “Installing the bobbin”
on page 22 and rethread the bobbin thread.
1
2
5
3
4
54
1 Wrong side of
fabric
2 Right side of
fabric
3 Upper thread
4 Bobbin thread
5 The bobbin
thread is visible
from the right
side of the
fabric.
1
2
3
4
1 Wrong side of
fabric
2 Right side of
fabric
3 Upper thread
4 Bobbin thread
5 The upper
thread is visible
from the wrong
side of the
fabric.
Turn the thread tension dial to the right to tighten
the upper thread.
Adjusting the Stitch Width and Length
The zigzag width (pattern width) and stitch length of utility stitches can be adjusted. Normally, when a stitch is
selected, the appropriate width and length are automatically selected. For details on the range of values within
which the width and length can be set, refer to “Stitch Settings” (page 128).
Adjusting the stitch width
The stitch width can be adjusted with the arrow keys.
1
Turn on the sewing machine.
X The LCD comes on.
2
Select a stitch.
X A screen containing settings for the selected
stitch appears.
Memo
● To reset the stitch width to its standard
setting, select the same stitch again or
change the setting to the highlighted value.
● If the straight stitch (left needle position or
triple stretch stitch) was selected, changing
the stitch width changes the needle
position. Increasing the width moves the
needle to the right; reducing the width
moves the needle to the left.
● The settings can be saved so that they will
always be specified each time the utility
stitch is selected. For details, refer to
“Saving stitch settings” (page 60).
● The sewing machine can be set so that the
stitch width can easily be changed with the
sewing speed controller. For details, refer to
“Satin stitching” (page 98).
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly
• For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting stitching” (page 68).
• Immediately after the stitch is selected, the
standard settings (highlighted) appear.
turn the balance wheel toward you and
check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
3 (–). To make the stitch width wider, press
To make the stitch width narrower, press
(+).
X The stitch width is changed.
–
+
• If the setting is changed, the highlighted
value is erased.
Adjusting the Thread Tension/Adjusting the Stitch Width and Length
55
2
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Memo
Adjusting the stitch length
● To reset the stitch length to its standard
setting, select the same stitch again or
change the setting to the highlighted value.
● The settings can be saved so that they will
always be specified each time the utility
stitch is selected. For details, refer to
“Saving stitch settings” (page 60).
The stitch length can be adjusted with the arrow
keys.
1
Turn on the sewing machine.
CAUTION
● If the stitches are bunched together,
increase the stitch length. Continuing to
sew with the stitches bunched together
may result in the needle bending or
breaking.
X The LCD comes on.
2
Select a stitch.
X A screen containing settings for the selected
stitch appears.
• For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting stitching” (page 68).
• Immediately after the stitch is selected, the
standard settings (highlighted) appear.
3 To make the stitch length longer, press
To make the stitch length shorter, press
X The stitch length is changed.
–
+
• If the setting is changed, the highlighted
value is erased.
56
(–).
(+).
Useful Functions
Functions useful in improving sewing efficiency are described below.
6 To return to
Press
Automatically sewing reverse/
reinforcement stitches
The sewing machine can be set to automatically sew
reverse or reinforcement stitches at the beginning
and end of the stitching.
Whether reverse stitches or reinforcement stitches
are sewn depends on the stitch that is selected. For
details, refer to “Stitch Settings” (page 128).
1
Turn on the sewing machine.
.
2
X The machine is now set to automatically
sew reverse/reinforcement stitches.
7
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again, and
appears in the lower-left corner of the
screen.
X The LCD comes on.
2
to select
.
, press
• When the sewing machine is turned off, the
automatic reverse/reinforcement stitching
setting is cancelled.
Select a stitch.
Position the fabric under the presser foot, and
(start/stop button) once.
8 then press
• For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting stitching” (page 68).
3
Press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
4
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
1
(arrow keys) until
1 Start/stop button
X After reverse/reinforcement stitches are
sewn, the machine starts sewing.
5
Press
(OK key).
X The screen for specifying automatic reverse/
reinforcement stitching appears.
Useful Functions
57
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
9
After reaching the end of the stitching, press
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
once.
This step is not necessary if a stitch such as
those for sewing buttonholes and bar tacks is
selected where reinforcement stitches are
automatically sewn.
1
1 Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
X After reverse/reinforcement stitches are
sewn, the sewing machine stops.
Memo
● Reverse/reinforcement stitches will not be
sewn if the start/stop button is pressed at the
end of the stitching. Be sure to press the
reverse/reinforcement stitch button at the
end of the stitching.
58
Press
Automatically cutting the
thread
The sewing machine can be set to automatically cut
the threads at the end of the stitching. This is called
“programmed thread-cutting”.
If programmed thread-cutting is set, automatic
reverse/reinforcement stitching is also set. This
setting is convenient if a stitch for sewing
buttonholes or bar tacks is selected.
1
to select
.
, press
6 To return to
.
X The machine is now set for programmed
thread-cutting.
7
Turn on the sewing machine.
Press
(OK key).
2
X The initial stitch screen appears again, and
appears in the lower-left corner of the
screen.
X The LCD comes on.
2
• When the sewing machine is turned off, the
programmed thread-cutting setting is
cancelled.
Select a stitch.
Position the fabric under the presser foot, and
(start/stop button) once.
8 then press
• For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting stitching” (page 68).
3
Press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
4
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
1
(arrow keys) until
1 Start/stop button
X After reverse/reinforcement stitches are
sewn, the machine starts sewing.
9
5
Press
(OK key).
X The screen for specifying automatic threadcutting appears.
After reaching the end of the stitching, press
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
once.
This step is not necessary if a stitch such as
those for sewing buttonholes and bar tacks is
selected where reinforcement stitches are
automatically sewn.
Useful Functions
59
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
X After reverse/reinforcement stitches are
sewn, the sewing machine stops and cuts
the thread.
Saving stitch settings
Adjusted stitch width and length settings can be
saved so that they will be specified each time the
stitch is selected. The various settings can be saved
for each utility stitch.
Select the stitch, and then adjust the stitch
1 width and length.
To adjust the stitch width, press
(–) and
(+). To adjust the stitch length, press
The thread is cut here.
(–) and
(+).
Memo
● Reverse/reinforcement stitches will not be
sewn and the thread will not automatically
be cut if the start/stop button is pressed at
the end of the stitching. Be sure to press the
reverse/reinforcement stitch button at the
end of the stitching.
• For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting stitching” (page 68).
X The stitch width and length are changed.
Press
(settings key) in the operation
2 panel.
X The settings screen appears.
3
Press
,
,
and
(arrow keys) until
is selected.
4
Press
(OK key).
X The screen for saving the settings appears.
5
Check the
is selected, and then press
(OK key).
X The settings for the stitch width and length
are saved.
60
• The next time that the stitch is selected, the
saved settings are the first ones that are
displayed.
• To clear the saved settings and return the
stitch width and length to their default
settings, press
so that
, and then press
(OK key).
2
Useful Functions
61
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Useful Sewing Tips
Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. Refer to these tips when
sewing your project.
Trial sewing
After you have set up the machine with the thread
and needle appropriate for the type of fabric being
sewn, the machine automatically sets the thread
tension and stitch length and width for the stitch that
is selected. However, a trial piece of fabric should be
sewn since, depending on the type of fabric and
stitching being sewn, the desired results may not be
achieved.
For the trial sewing, use a piece of fabric and thread
that are the same as those used for your project, and
check the thread tension and stitch length and width.
Since the results differ depending on the type of
stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn,
perform the trial sewing under the same conditions
that will be used with your project.
Changing the sewing
direction
When the stitching reaches a corner, stop the
1 sewing machine.
Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). If the
needle remained up when the machine
stopped sewing, press
(needle position
button) to lower the needle.
2 fabric.
Raise the presser foot lever, and then turn the
Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.
Lower the presser foot lever and continue
3 sewing.
62
Sewing curves
Stop sewing, and then slightly change the sewing
direction to sew around the curve. For details on
sewing with an even seam allowance, refer to
“Sewing an even seam allowance” (page 64).
When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag
stitch, select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain
a finer stitch.
Release the presser foot locking pin (black
4 button).
Sewing thick fabrics
■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot
If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser
foot, raise the presser foot lever even higher to
bring the presser foot to its highest position.
X The presser foot remains level, allowing the
fabric to be fed.
X After the seam is sewn, the presser foot will
return to its original angle.
CAUTION
■ If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric does
not feed at the beginning of stitching
The fabric may not feed when thick seams are
being sewn and the presser foot is not level, as
shown below. In this case, use the presser foot
locking pin (black button on the left side of zigzag
foot “J”) so that the presser foot remains level
while sewing, allowing the fabric to be fed
smoothly.
● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inch)
thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed
with too much force, the needle may
bend or break.
1
1 Sewing direction
1
Raise the presser foot lever.
Align the beginning of stitching, and then
2 position the fabric.
While holding zigzag foot “J” level, hold the
3 presser foot locking pin (black button on the
left side) pressed in, and lower the presser
foot lever.
1
1 Presser foot holding pin (black button)
Useful Sewing Tips
63
2
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
Sewing thin fabrics
When sewing thin fabrics, the stitching may become
misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. If
this occurs, place thin paper or stabilizer material
under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric.
When you have finished sewing, tear off any excess
paper.
Sewing leathers or vinyl
fabrics
When sewing the fabrics that may stick to the presser
foot such as leathers or coated fabrics, change the
presser foot to the optional non stick foot.
1
1
1 Leather
1 Stabilizer material or paper
Sewing an even seam
allowance
Sewing stretch fabrics
First, baste the pieces of fabric together, and then
sew without stretching the fabric.
To sew an even seam, start sewing so that the seam
allowance is to the right of the presser foot, and the
edge of the fabric is aligned with either the right edge
of the presser foot or a marking on the needle plate.
■ Aligning the fabric with the presser foot
Sew while keeping the right edge of the presser
foot a fixed distance from the edge of the fabric.
1
1
2
1 Basting
1 Seam
2 Presser foot
■ Aligning the fabric with the optional stitch guide
foot
Sew while keeping the right edge of the fabric
aligned with a desired position of markings on the
stitch guide foot.
1
2
1 Seam
2 Stitch guide foot
3 Markings
64
3
■ Aligning the fabric with a needle plate marking
The markings on the needle plate show the
distance from the needle position of a seam sewn
with the straight stitch (left needle position). Sew
while keeping the edge of the fabric aligned with
a marking in the needle plate. The distance
between the markings in the upper scale is
1/8 inch (3 mm) and the distance between the
markings in the grid is 5 mm (3/16 inch).
5
2
4
1
3
2
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
Seam
Presser foot
Centimeters
Inches
Needle plate
16 mm (5/8 inch)
Useful Sewing Tips
65
SEWING BASICS ———————————————————————————————————————————————————
66
3
UTILITY STITCHES
The various stitches and their applications are described in this chapter.
Selecting Stitching...................................................................................................68
Overcasting Stitches................................................................................................70
Basic Stitching.........................................................................................................74
Blind Hem Stitching ................................................................................................76
Buttonhole Stitching................................................................................................78
Zipper Insertion ......................................................................................................85
Zipper/piping Insertion ...........................................................................................89
Sewing Stretch Fabrics and Elastic Tape..................................................................91
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching ................................................................93
Reinforcement Stitching ........................................................................................100
Eyelet Stitching......................................................................................................104
Decorative Stitching..............................................................................................105
Sewing the Various Built-In Decorative Patterns...................................................113
Designing a Pattern ...............................................................................................123
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Selecting Stitching
You can select any of the various types of stitching available.
Stitch types
Selecting stitching
A total of 8 groups of stitch types (utility stitches,
decorative stitches, satin stitches, cross-stitches,
decorative satin stitches and 3 types of character
stitches) are available.
For details on the types of stitches available, refer to
“Stitch Settings” (page 128).
Using the operation panel keys, select the desired
stitch from those shown in the LCD. Twelve of the
most often used utility stitches can quickly be
selected with the stitch keys.
When the sewing machine is turned on, the straight
stitch (left needle position) is selected.
■ Utility stitches
There are 67 utility stitches, including straight
stitches, overcasting stitches and buttonhole
stitches.
1 • Refer to “Stitch types” (at the left).
■ Decorative stitches
There are 31 decorative stitches, including hearts,
leaves and flowers.
Determine the stitch that you wish to use.
Determine which presser foot should be used
2 with the selected stitch.
The presser feet are stored in the accessory
compartment.
• For details on the stitches that can be sewn
with the twin needle, refer to “Stitch
Settings” (page 128).
■ Satin stitches
There are 16 satin stitches.
■ Cross-stitches
There are 5 types of cross-stitches.
■ Decorative satin stitches
There are 10 decorative satin stitches.
Attach the presser foot.
3 • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
4
Turn on the sewing machine.
■ Character stitch—Gothic font
There are 55 characters, including letters,
symbols and numbers, in the Gothic font.
■ Character stitch—Script font
There are 55 characters, including letters,
symbols and numbers, in the Script font.
■ Character stitch—Outline style
There are 55 characters, including letters,
symbols and numbers, in the outline style.
X The straight stitch (left needle position) is
shown selected in the LCD.
5
Press
(stitch selection key) in the
operation panel.
To select a stitch using the stitch keys, press the
key of the desired stitch.
Continue with step 0.
X The screen containing the various types of
stitches appears.
68
Press
,
,
and
(arrow keys) until
6 the type of stitch that you wish to use is
selected.
7
Note
● When a stitch is selected, the icon for the
presser foot that should be used appears in
the screen. Check that the correct presser
foot is attached before starting to sew. If the
wrong presser foot is installed, turn off the
sewing machine, attach the correct presser
foot, and then select the desired stitch
again.
Press
Memo
(OK key).
X The screen containing the various stitches in
the selected stitch type appears.
■ Understanding the screen
● For details on adjusting the stitch width and
length, refer to “Adjusting the Stitch Width
and Length” (page 55).
1
2
1 Selected stitch type
2 Number of stitches in the selected stitch type
• To select a different stitch type, press
(back key).
8 the stitch that you wish to use is selected.
9
Press
,
Press
to return to the previous screen.
Press
to display the next screen.
Press
,
and
(arrow keys) until
(OK key).
X The stitch is selected.
If necessary, specify the setting for automatic
0 reverse/reinforcement stitching and adjust the
stitch length, etc.
• For details on sewing with each of the utility
stitches, refer to the following pages.
Selecting Stitching
69
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Overcasting Stitches
Sew overcasting stitches along the edges of cut fabric to prevent them from fraying. Fifteen stitches are available for
overcasting. The procedure for sewing overcasting stitch is explained according to the presser foot that is used.
Sewing overcasting stitches using overcasting foot “G”
Three stitches can be used to sew overcasting with overcasting foot “G”.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Stitch
Key
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Application
Auto
11
Overcasting
stitch
12
13
1
Preventing fraying in medium
weight and thin fabrics
Preventing fraying in thick
fabrics and fabrics that fray
easily
–
Attach overcasting foot “G”.
Manual
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Presser
Foot
Manual
3.5
2.5–5.0
2.0
1.0–4.0
(1/8) (3/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
G
5.0
3.5–5.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (1/8–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Sew with the edge of the fabric against the
4 presser foot guide.
G
1
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
Select a stitch.
1 Needle drop point
(page 68).
Position the fabric with the edge of the fabric
3 against the guide of the presser foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly
turn the balance wheel toward you and
check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
1
1 Guide
70
Sewing overcasting stitches using zigzag foot “J”
Seven stitches can be used to sew overcasting stitches with zigzag foot “J”.
Stitch Name
Zigzag stitch
(center
needle
position)
Zigzag stitch
(right needle
position)
Pattern
8
9
3-point
zigzag stitch
10
14
15
16
1
Application
7
2-point
zigzag stitch
Overcasting
stitch
Stitch
Key
–
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Preventing fraying (center
baseline/reverse stitching)
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Preventing fraying (right
baseline/reinforcement
stitching)
3.5
2.5–5.0
1.4
0.3–4.0
(1/8) (3/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/64–3/16)
–
Preventing fraying in thick
fabrics and stretch fabrics
Presser
Foot
3
5.0
1.5–7.0
1.0
0.2–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–1/4) (1/16) (1/64–3/16)
5.0
1.5–7.0
1.0
0.2–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–1/4) (1/16) (1/64–3/16)
–
Preventing fraying in stretch
fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.5–4.0
(3/32) (1/32–3/16)
–
Preventing fraying in thick
fabrics and stretch fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.5–4.0
(3/32) (1/32–3/16)
–
Preventing fraying in stretch
fabrics
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
4.0
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–3/16)
J
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
1
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
Select a stitch.
1 Needle drop point
(page 68).
Sew along the edge of the fabric with the
3 needle dropping off the edge at the right.
Memo
● For best results when sewing stretch fabrics,
decrease the pressure of the presser foot. For
details, refer to “Adjusting the pressure of
the presser foot” (page 39).
1
1 Needle drop point
Overcasting Stitches
71
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Sewing overcasting stitches using the optional side cutter
Using the side cutter, seam allowances can be finished while the edge of the fabric is cut off. Five stitches can be
used to sew overcasting stitches with the side cutter.
Stitch Name
Overcasting
stitch
Application
Pattern
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Manual
Auto
0.0–2.5
(0–3/32)
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Manual
63
Sewing straight stitches while cutting
the fabric
0.0
(0)
64
Sewing zigzag stitches while cutting
the fabric
3.5
(1/8)
3.5–5.0
1.4
(1/8–3/16) (1/16)
Preventing fraying in thin and
mediumweight fabrics while cutting
the fabric
3.5
(1/8)
3.5–5.0
2.0
1.0–4.0
(1/8–3/16) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
66
Preventing fraying in thick fabrics
while cutting the fabric
5.0
3.5–5.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (1/8–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
67
Preventing fraying in thick fabrics
while cutting the fabric
5.0
3.5–5.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (1/8–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
65
Presser
Foot
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
S
4 onto the needle clamp screw.
Hook the connecting fork of the side cutter
1
1 • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
Remove the presser foot.
2
foot” (page 37).
Lower the presser foot lever, and then
2 manually thread the needle.
• The needle threader cannot be used. If the
needle threader is used with the side cutter,
the sewing machine may be damaged.
3
Raise the presser foot lever.
1 Connecting fork
2 Needle clamp screw
Position the side cutter so that side cutter pin
5 is aligned with the notch in the presser foot
holder, and then slowly lower the presser foot
lever.
2
1
1 Notch in presser foot holder
2 Pin
X The side cutter is attached.
72
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
6 side cutter is securely attached.
Position the fabric in the side cutter.
0 The cut in the fabric should be positioned over
the guide plate of the side cutter.
Pass the upper thread under the side cutter,
7 and then pull it out toward the rear of the
sewing machine.
1
1 Guide plate
• If the fabric is not positioned correctly, the
fabric will not be cut.
Select a stitch.
8 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
3
a sewing.
Lower the presser foot lever, and then start
(page 68).
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly
turn the balance wheel toward you and
check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
Make a cut of about 2 cm (1/16 inch) long in
9 the fabric at the beginning of the stitching.
X A seam allowance is cut while the stitching
is sewn.
• If the stitching is sewn in a straight line, the
seam allowance will be about 5 mm
(3/16 inch).
1
1
1 2 cm (1/16 inch)
1 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Memo
● The side cutter can cut as much as one layer
of 13-oz. denim.
● After using the side cutter, clean it by
removing any lint or dust.
● If the side cutter can no longer cut fabric,
use a rag to apply a small amount of oil to
the cutting edge of the cutter.
● The optional side cutter is available through
your brother retailer.
Overcasting Stitches
73
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Basic Stitching
Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. Five stitches are available for basic stitching.
Stitch Name
Basting
stitch
Pattern
6
Stitch
Key
Application
–
1
Straight
stitch (left
needle
position)
Straight
stitch
(center
needle
position)
Triple
stretch
stitch
2
–
Manual
Auto
Manual
Temporarily securing
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
–
–
Basic stitching and sewing
gathers or pintucks (left
baseline/reverse stitching)
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Basic stitching and sewing
gathers or pintucks (left baseline/
reinforcement stitching)
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
–
–
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Basic stitching and sewing
gathers or pintucks (center
baseline/reverse stitching)
3
4
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Reinforcing seams and sewing
stretch fabrics
Basting
Presser
Foot
J
Basic stitching
Sew basting with a stitch length of 5 mm (3/16 inch).
1
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
1
Baste or pin together the fabric pieces.
2
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
J
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2
Select stitch 6
.
3 • For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
Start sewing.
(page 49).
1
74
3 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
Select a stitch.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
1 5 mm (3/16 inch)
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
(page 68).
Lower the needle into the fabric at the
4 beginning of the stitching.
Start sewing.
5 • For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 49).
• For details on sewing reverse/reinforcement
stitches, refer to “Securing the stitching”
(page 51).
■ Changing the needle position
The needle position used as the baseline is
different for the straight stitch (left needle position)
and the straight stitch (center needle position).
1
2
When sewing is finished, cut the thread.
6 • For details, refer to “Cutting the thread”
(page 53).
1 Straight stitch (left needle position)
2 Straight stitch (center needle position)
When the stitch width of the straight stitch (left
needle position) is set to its standard setting
(0.0 mm), the distance from the needle position to
the right side of the presser foot is 12 mm
(1/2 inch). If the stitch width is changed (between
0 and 7 mm (1/4 inch)), the needle position will
also change. By changing the stitch width and
sewing with the right side of the presser foot
aligned with the edge of the fabric, a seam
allowance can be sewn with a fixed width.
1
0.0
3
2.0
5.5
4
5
7.0
6
2
1 Stitch width
2 Distance from the needle position to the right
side of the presser foot
3 12.0 mm (1/2 inch)
4 10.0 mm (3/8 inch)
5 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
6 5.0 mm (3/16 inch)
• For details, refer to “Adjusting the stitch
width” (page 55).
Basic Stitching
75
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Blind Hem Stitching
Secure the bottoms of skirts and pants with a blind hem. Two stitches are available for blind hem stitching.
Stitch Name
Blind hem
stitch
Pattern
Stitch
Key
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Application
Auto
Manual
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Presser
Foot
Manual
17
Blind hem stitching on
mediumweight fabrics
0.0
(0)
3← – 3→
2.0
1.0–3.5
(1/16) (1/16–1/8)
R
18
Blind hem stitching on stretch
fabrics
0.0
(0)
3← – 3→
2.0
1.0–3.5
(1/16) (1/16–1/8)
R
Sew a blind hem according to the following procedure.
1 hem, and then baste it about 5 mm
Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the
3
Attach blind hem foot “R”.
(3/16 inch) from the edge of the fabric.
R
4
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2
1
3
Select a stitch.
4 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
1
2
3
4
Wrong side of fabric
Basting stitching
Desired edge of hem
5 mm (3/16 inch)
5 hem against the guide of the presser foot, and
Position the fabric with the edge of the folded
then lower the presser foot lever.
Fold back the fabric along the basting, and
2 then position the fabric with the wrong side
R
facing up.
2
3
1
2
1
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 Basting
76
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 Fold of hem
3 Guide
Adjust the stitch width until the needle
6 slightly catches the fold of the hem.
R
■ If the needle does not catch the hem fold
The needle is too far to the right.
Press
(of the arrow keys) to increase the
stitch width so that the needle slightly catches
the fold of the hem.
1
1 Needle drop point
1
2
1
–
+
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 Right side of fabric
• For details on changing the stitch width,
refer to “Adjusting the Stitch Width and
Length” (page 55).
Sew with the fold of the hem against the
1 Stitch width
■ If the needle catches too much of the hem
fold
The needle is too far to the left.
Press
(of the arrow keys) to decrease the
stitch width so that the needle slightly catches
the fold of the hem.
7 presser foot guide.
8
Remove the basting stitching.
2
1
1
3
2
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 Right side of fabric
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 Right side of fabric
Memo
● For best results when sewing stretch fabrics,
decrease the pressure of the presser foot. For
details, refer to “Adjusting the pressure of
the presser foot” (page 39).
Blind Hem Stitching
77
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Buttonhole Stitching
Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. Eleven stitches are available for sewing on buttons and
one-step buttonholes.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Stitch
Key
Application
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
42
43
44
Buttonhole
stitch
47
48
49
50
51
Buttonsewing
stitch
78
55
Auto
Presser
Foot
Manual
–
Horizontal buttonholes on
thin and mediumweight
fabrics
–
Horizontal buttonholes on
5.0
3.0–5.0
0.4
0.2–1.0
areas that are subject to strain (3/16) (1/8–3/16) (1/64) (1/64–1/16)
–
Horizontal buttonholes on
thick fabrics
45
46
Manual
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
5.0
3.0–5.0
0.4
0.2–1.0
(3/16) (1/8–3/16) (1/64) (1/64–1/16)
5.0
3.0–5.0
0.4
0.2–1.0
(3/16) (1/8–3/16) (1/64) (1/64–1/16)
Buttonholes with bar tacks on 5.0
3.0–5.0
0.4
0.2–1.0
both ends for stabilized fabrics (3/16) (1/8–3/16) (1/64) (1/64–1/16)
–
Buttonholes for stretch or knit
6.0
3.0–6.0
1.0
0.5–2.0
fabrics
(15/64) (1/8–15/64) (1/16) (1/32–1/16)
–
6.0
3.0–6.0
1.5
1.0–3.0
Buttonholes for stretch fabrics (15/64) (1/8–15/64) (1/16) (1/16–1/8)
–
Bound buttonholes
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–6.0
(0–15/64)
2.0
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
–
Keyhole buttonholes for thick
or plush fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8–1/4)
0.5
0.3–1.0
(1/32) (1/64–1/16)
–
Keyhole buttonholes for
mediumweight and thick
fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8–1/4)
0.5
0.3–1.0
(1/32) (1/64–1/16)
–
Horizontal buttonhole for
thick or plush fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8–1/4)
0.5
0.3–1.0
(1/32) (1/64–1/16)
–
Button sewing
3.5
2.5–4.5
(1/8) (3/32–3/16)
A
–
–
M
Buttonhole sewing
The maximum buttonhole length is about 28 mm (1-1/8 inch) (diameter + thickness of the button).
Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back, as shown below.
1
1
3
1
1 Reinforcement stitching
The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”, which is
used for sewing buttonholes, are indicated below.
1
1 and length of the buttonhole.
Use chalk to mark on the fabric the position
2
1
1
2
5
3
1 Marks on fabric
2 Button hole sewing
4
A
1
2
3
4
5
2 foot “A”, and then insert the button that will
Pull out the button guide plate of buttonhole
be put through the buttonhole.
Button guide plate
Presser foot scale
Pin
Marks on buttonhole foot
5 mm (3/16 inch)
Buttonhole Stitching
79
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
■ If the button does not fit in the button guide
plate
Add together the diameter and thickness of
the button, and then set the button guide
plate to the calculated length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot
scale is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
in the presser foot.
• When lowering the presser foot, do not push
in the front of the presser foot, otherwise the
buttonhole will not be sewn with the correct
size.
1
2
3
1 Presser foot scale
2 Length of buttonhole
(Diameter + thickness of button)
3 5 mm (3/16 inch)
1
1 Do not reduce the gap.
6 possible.
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
1
Example: For a button with a diameter of 15 mm
(9/16 inch) and a thickness of 10 mm (3/8 inch),
the button guide plate should be set to 25 mm
(1 inch) on the scale.
1
1 Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever is positioned behind the
bracket on the buttonhole foot.
2
1 10 mm (3/8 inch)
2 15 mm (9/16 inch)
1
X The size of the buttonhole is set.
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
3 • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
2
foot” (page 37).
Select a stitch.
4 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
1 Buttonhole lever
2 Bracket
7 your left hand, and then start sewing.
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
Position the fabric with the front end of the
5 buttonhole mark aligned with the red marks
on the sides of the buttonhole foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
1
A
2
1 Mark on fabric
2 Red marks on buttonhole foot
80
X Once sewing is completed, the machine
automatically sews reinforcement stitches,
then stops
Cut the threads, raise the presser foot lever,
8 and then remove the fabric.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
9 position.
■ Changing the density of the stitching
Adjust the stitch length.
–
Insert a pin along the inside of one bar tack at
0 the end of the buttonhole stitching to prevent
+
the stitching from being cut.
1
• For details, refer to “Adjusting the stitch
length” (page 56).
• If the fabric does not feed (for example, if it is
too thick), increase the density of the
stitching.
■ Changing the stitch width
Adjust the stitch width.
1 Pin
Use the seam ripper to cut towards the pin
a and open the buttonhole.
–
+
3
• For details, refer to “Adjusting the stitch
width” (page 55).
1
Memo
1 Seam ripper
For keyhole buttonholes, use the eyelet punch
to make a hole in the rounded end of the
buttonhole, and then use the seam ripper to cut
open the buttonhole.
● Before sewing buttonholes, check the stitch
length and width by sewing a trial
buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric.
■ Sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics
When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics, use a
gimp thread.
Hook the gimp thread onto the part of
1 buttonhole foot “A” shown in the illustration
so that it fits into the grooves, and then
loosely tie it.
1
1 Eyelet punch
• When using the eyelet punch, place thick
paper or some other protective sheet under
the fabric before punching the hole in the
fabric.
CAUTION
● When opening the buttonhole with the
seam ripper, do not place your hands in
the cutting direction, otherwise injuries
may result if the seam ripper slips.
Buttonhole Stitching
81
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
2 • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
3
Select stitch 46
or 47
.
Adjust the stitch width to the thickness of the
4 gimp thread.
Button sewing
Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.
Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached.
Raise the presser foot lever, and then slide the
1 drop feed lever, located at the rear of the
machine on the base, to
(to the right as
seen from the front of the machine).
Lower the presser foot lever and the
5 buttonhole lever, and then start sewing.
When sewing is finished, gently pull the gimp
6 thread to remove any slack.
1
2
Use a handsewing needle to pull the gimp
7 thread to the wrong side of the fabric, and
then tie it.
With a seam ripper, cut the middle part of the
8 gimp thread remaining at the top end of the
buttonhole.
Trim off any excess of the gimp thread.
1 Drop feed lever
(as seen from the rear of the machine)
2 Back side
X The feed dogs are lowered.
2
Attach button-sewing foot “M”.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
82
3
Place the button into button-sewing foot “M”.
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle
does not touch the button, otherwise the
needle may bend or break.
6
1
1 Button
• When attaching four-hole buttons, first sew
the two holes closest to you. Then, slide the
button so that the needle goes into the two
holes toward the rear of the sewing machine,
and then sew them in the same way.
Start sewing.
X The sewing machine automatically stops
after sewing reinforcement stitches.
• If additional strength is needed to secure the
button, perform the button-sewing operation
twice.
• Do not press the thread cutter button.
7 stitching to the wrong side of the fabric, and
Pull the upper thread at the end of the
then tie it with the bobbin thread.
Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the
bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching.
Select stitch 55
.
4 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
• Leave automatic thread-cutting set to
.
Turn the balance wheel toward you to check
5 that the needle correctly goes into the two
holes of the button.
Adjust the stitch width to the distance between
the button holes.
8 slide the drop feed lever to
When you are finished attaching the button,
(to the left as
seen from the front of the machine) and turn
the handwheel to raise the feed dogs.
1
1 Back side
Buttonhole Stitching
83
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
■ Attaching a shank to a button
To sew the button with a shank, attach the button
with space between it and the fabric, and then
wind the thread by hand. This attaches the button
securely.
Place the button into button-sewing foot “M”,
1 and then pull the shank lever toward you.
1
1 Shank lever
After sewing is finished, cut the upper thread
2 with plenty of excess, wind it around the
thread between the button and the fabric, and
then tie it to the upper thread at the beginning
of the stitching.
Tie together the ends of the bobbin thread at
the end and at the beginning of the stitching at
the wrong side of the fabric.
3
84
Cut off any excess thread.
Zipper Insertion
A zipper can be sewn in place.
Stitch Name
Straight
stitch (center
needle
position)
Pattern
Stitch
Key
Application
Attaching zippers
Sewing concealed seams and
pintucks
3
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Manual
–
–
Auto
Presser
Foot
Manual
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
I
There are many methods for inserting zippers. The procedures for inserting a centered zipper and a side zipper
are described below.
3
Press open the seam allowance from the
Inserting a centered zipper
3 wrong side of the fabric.
Stitching is sewn on both pieces of fabric butted
against each other.
1
2
1
1 Wrong side of fabric
3
Align the seam with the center of the zipper,
4 and then baste the zipper in place.
1 Right side of fabric
2 Stitching
3 End of zipper opening
2
Attach zigzag foot “J” and sew straight
1 stitches up to the zipper opening.
With the right sides of the fabric facing each
other, sew reverse stitches after reaching the
zipper opening.
• For details, refer to “Basic Stitching”
(page 74).
Using a basting stitch, continue sewing to the
2 edge of the fabric.
1
3
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 Basting stiching
3 Zipper
Attach the presser foot holder to the right pin
5 of zipper foot “I”.
1
1
2
3
I
4
2
1
2
3
4
Basting stitching
Reverse stitches
Wrong side of fabric
End of zipper opening
1 Pin on the right side
2 Needle drop point
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
Zipper Insertion
85
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
6
Select stitch 3
.
Inserting a side zipper
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Stitching is sewn on only one piece of fabric. Use
this type of zipper for side openings and back
openings.
CAUTION
● When using zipper foot “I”, be sure to
select the straight stitch (center needle
position), and slowly turn the balance
wheel toward you to check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If
a different stitch is selected or the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may
bend or break.
7
Topstitch around the zipper.
1
3
1
2
3
1 Stitching
2 Right side of fabric
3 End of zipper opening
The following procedure will describe how to stitch
on the left side, as shown in the illustration.
1 stitches up to the zipper opening.
Attach zigzag foot “J” and sew straight
2
4
With the right sides of the fabric facing each
other, sew reverse stitches after reaching the
zipper opening.
• For details, refer to “Basic Stitching”
(page 74).
Using a basting stitch, continue sewing to the
2 edge of the fabric.
1
1
2
3
4
Stitching
Right side of fabric
Basting stitching
End of zipper opening
3
2
4
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle
does not touch the zipper, otherwise the
needle may bend or break.
1
2
3
4
Basting stitching
Reverse stitches
Wrong side of fabric
End of zipper opening
Press open the seam allowance from the
8
Remove the basting stitching.
3 wrong side of the fabric.
1
1 Wrong side of fabric
86
Press the seam allowance so that the right side
4 (the side that will not be stitched) has an extra
3 mm (1/8 inch).
CAUTION
● When using zipper foot “I”, be sure to
1
2
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 3 mm (1/8 inch)
select the straight stitch (center needle
position), and slowly turn the balance
wheel toward you to check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If
a different stitch is selected or the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may
bend or break.
Sew the zipper to the piece of fabric with the
8 extra 3 mm (1/8 inch), starting from the base
Align the zipper teeth with the pressed edge
5 of the fabric having the extra 3 mm (1/8 inch),
of the zipper.
and then baste or pin the zipper in place.
3
2
1
1 Zipper teeth
2 Basting stitching
6 of zipper foot “I”.
Attach the presser foot holder to the right pin
If the stitching will be sewn on the right side,
attach the presser foot holder to the left pin of
the zipper foot.
1
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle
does not touch the zipper, otherwise the
needle may bend or break.
9 end of the zipper, stop the sewing machine
When you are about 5 cm (2 inch) from the
I
2
with the needle lowered (in the fabric), raise
the presser foot lever, and then open the
zipper and continue sewing.
1 Pin on the right side
2 Needle drop point
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
7
Select stitch 3
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Zipper Insertion
87
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Close the zipper, turn over the fabric, and
0 then baste the other side of the zipper to the
fabric.
When you are about 5 cm (2 inch) from the
c end of the zipper, stop the sewing machine
with the needle lowered (in the fabric), and
then raise the presser foot lever.
d and then continue sewing.
Remove the basting stitching, open the zipper,
1
1 Basting stitching
Attach the presser foot holder to the other pin
a of zipper foot “I”.
If the presser foot holder was attached to the
right pin in step 6, change it to the left pin.
1
I
2
1 Pin on the left side
2 Needle drop point
b Sew reverse stitches at the end of the zipper
Topstitch around the zipper.
opening and align the zipper teeth with the
side of the presser foot.
3
2
4
1
5
1
2
3
4
5
88
Right side of fabric
End of zipper opening
Reverse stitches
Beginning of stitching
Basting stitching
Zipper/piping Insertion
A zipper and piping can be sewn in place.
Stitch Name
Straight
stitch (left
needle
position)
Pattern
Stitch
Key
Application
Attaching zippers
Sewing concealed seams and
piping
1
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Manual
Auto
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Presser
Foot
Manual
There are many methods for inserting zippers and pipings. The procedures for inserting a centered zipper and a
piping are described below, with the optional adjustable zipper/piping foot.
3
Slide the presser foot over either the left or
Inserting a centered zipper
5 right feed dog.
Refer to step 1–4 of “Inserting a centered
1 zipper” (page 85).
Remove the presser foot and presser foot
2 holder (page 39) to attach the screw-on
optional adjustable zipper/piping foot.
Left sewing position
Right sewing position
6 does not touch the presser foot.
Change the needle position so that the needle
For details, refer to “Adjusting the stitch width”
(page 55).
Note
● Use a screw driver to securely tighten the
screw that holds the presser foot. If the
screw is loose, the needle may break and
cause injures.
1
1 Needle drop point
3
Select stitch 1
.
CAUTION
Loosen the positioning screw on the back of
4 the presser foot.
● After adjusting the needle position,
slowly turn the balance wheel toward
you and check the needle does not touch
the presser-foot. If the needle hits the
presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
1
1 Positioning screw
Zipper/piping Insertion
89
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Securely tighten the positioning screw with a
7 screwdriver.
Inserting a piping
1 out, as shown below.
Place the piping between two fabrics inside
1
2
1 Positioning screw
3
8
Topstitch around the zipper.
1
1 Fabric
2 Piping
3 Fabric
3
2
Refer to the steps of attaching the optional
2 adjustable zipper/piping foot on the previous
page.
4
1
2
3
4
Stitching
Right side of fabric
Basting stitching
End of zipper opening
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle
does not touch the zipper, otherwise the
needle may bend or break.
9
90
Remove the basting stitching.
3
Sew along the piping.
4
After sewing, turn them over.
Sewing Stretch Fabrics and Elastic Tape
Stretch fabrics can be sewn and elastic tape can be attached.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Stitch
Key
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Application
Auto
Stretch
stitch
5
2-point
zigzag stitch
9
3-point
zigzag stitch
10
Elasticattaching
stitch
28
Stretch fabrics
Manual
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Presser
Foot
Manual
1.0
1.0–3.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–1/8) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
1.5–7.0
1.0
0.2–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–1/4) (1/16) (1/64–3/16)
–
Attaching elastic
5.0
1.5–7.0
1.0
0.2–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–1/4) (1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Attaching elastic to stretch
fabrics
–
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
J
3
1.0
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Observe the corresponding precautions when performing each of the following stitching operations.
Stretch stitching
1
Elastic attaching
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
J
When elastic tape is attached to the cuff or waist of a
piece of clothing, the finished dimensions will be that
of the stretched elastic tape. Therefore, it is necessary
that a suitable length of the elastic tape be used.
1 fabric.
Pin the elastic tape to the wrong side of the
Pin the elastic tape to the fabric at a few points
to make sure that the tape is uniformly
positioned on the fabric.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2
Select stitch 5
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
3
1
Sew the fabric without stretching it.
2
1 Elastic tape
2 Pin
2
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
Sewing Stretch Fabrics and Elastic Tape
91
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Select a stitch.
3 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Sew the elastic tape to the fabric while
4 stretching the tape so that it is the same length
as the fabric.
While pulling the fabric behind the presser foot
with your left hand, pull the fabric at the pin
nearest the front of the presser foot with your
right hand.
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle
does not touch any pins, otherwise the
needle may bend or break.
92
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching
The stitches that can be used for sewing appliqués, patchwork and quilts are described below.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Stitch
Key
60
Manual
Auto
Manual
Attaching appliqués (center
baseline/reverse stitching)
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Appliqué quilting, free-motion
quilting, satin stitching
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Attaching appliqués
3.5
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.6–4.0
(1/8) (3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
–
Attaching appliqués and
binding
1.5
0.5–5.0
1.2
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
–
Piecing straight stitching (with a
seam allowance of 6.5 mm from 5.5
the right edge of the presser foot) (7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
0.2–5.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
–
Piecing straight stitching (with a
seam allowance of 6.5 mm from 1.5
the left edge of the presser foot) (1/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
0.2–5.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
–
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
–
19
Appliqué
stitch
61
57
Piecing
straight
stitch
58
22
Joining
stitch
23
24
Mock hand
quilting
stitch
Quilting
stippling
59
62
Application
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
7
Zigzag stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
–
Patchwork stitching
–
Presser
Foot
3
J
5.0
2.5–7.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (3/32–1/4) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
–
Straight stitch quilting that
looks hand quilting
0.0
(0)
–
Stippling
7.0
(1/4)
1.0–7.0
1.6
1.0–4.0
(1/16–1/4) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
2 back of the appliqué, and then fold over the
Place a pattern made of thick paper on the
Appliqué stitching
seam allowance using an iron.
Cut out the appliqué, leaving a seam
1 allowance of between 3 and 5 mm
(1/8 and 3/16 inch).
1
• Remove the thick paper after pressing the
seam allowance.
1 Seam allowance
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching
93
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Turn the fabric over, and then baste or pin it
3 onto the fabric that it will be attached to.
Turn the balance wheel toward you, and then
6 begin sewing around the edge of the appliqué,
making sure that the needle drops just outside
of the appliqué.
1
1 Basting stitching
4
Attach the optional open toe foot.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
Select a stitch.
5 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
94
When sewing around corners, stop the
machine with the needle in the fabric just
outside of the appliqué, raise the presser foot
lever, and then turn the fabric as needed to
change the sewing direction.
Sew with the side of the presser foot aligned
Patchwork (crazy quilt)
stitching
Fold the edge of the top piece of fabric and
1 place it over the lower piece.
4 with the edge of the fabric.
■ For a seam allowance on the right side
Align the right side of the presser foot with the
edge of the fabric, and sew using stitch 57
.
1
Sew the two pieces of fabric together so the
2 pattern spans over both pieces.
1 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
■ For a seam allowance on the left side
Align the left side of the presser foot with the
edge of the fabric, and sew using stitch 58
3
.
1
Piecing
1 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
Sewing together two pieces of fabric is called
“piecing”. The fabric pieces should be cut with a
6.5 mm (1/4 inch) seam allowance.
Sew a piecing straight stitch 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) from
either the right side or the left side of the presser foot.
Memo
● To change the width of the seam allowance
(the needle position), adjust the stitch width.
Baste or pin along the seam allowance of the
1 fabric that you wish to piece together.
2
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
3
Select stitch 57
or 58
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching
95
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Quilting
Sandwiching batting between the top and bottom
layers of fabric is called “quilting”. Quilts can easily
be sewn using the walking foot and the quilting
guide.
1
■ Using the optional quilting guide
Use the quilting guide to sew parallel stitches that
are equally spaced.
Baste the fabric to be quilted.
2 • For details, refer to “Using the walking foot”
Attach the walking foot.
(page 40).
Select a stitch.
3 • For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
Insert the stem of the quilter into the hole at
1 the rear of the walking foot or presser foot
holder.
… Walking foot
(page 68).
Place one hand on each side of the presser
4 foot, and then evenly stretch the fabric while
sewing.
… Presser foot holder
Adjust the stem of the quilter so that the quilt
Note
● Thread the needle manually when using the
walking foot, or only attach the walking foot
after threading the needle using the needle
threader.
● When sewing with the walking foot, sew at
a speed between slow and medium.
● When quilting, use a 90/14 home sewing
machine needle.
● The walking foot can only be used with
straight or zigzag stitch patterns. Reverse
stitches cannot be sewn with the walking
foot. Only select straight or zigzag stitch
patterns with reinforcement stitches. For
details, refer to “Stitch Settings” on
page 128.
96
2 guide aligns with the seam that has already
been sewn.
Note
● The optional quilting guide is available
through your brother retailer.
Slide the drop feed lever, located at the rear
(to the
right as seen from the front of the machine).
4 of the machine on the base, to
Free-motion quilting
With free-motion quilting, the feed dogs can be
lowered (using the drop feed lever) so that the fabric
can be moved freely in any direction.
The quilting foot is needed for free-motion quilting.
1
1 holder.
Remove the presser foot and the presser foot
• Refer to “Removing the presser foot holder”
(page 39).
2
3
Align the quilting foot with the lower-left side
2 of the presser bar.
The pin on the quilting foot should be
positioned over the needle clamp screw.
Hold the quilting foot in place with your right
3 hand, and then tighten the presser foot holder
screw using the screwdriver in your left hand.
1
2
3
1 Feed dog position switch
(as seen from the rear of the machine)
2 Back side
X The feed dogs are lowered.
5 stitch.
Turn on the sewing machine, and then select a
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
1 Pin on quilting foot
2 Presser foot holder screw
3 Needle clamp screw
CAUTION
Use both hands to stretch the fabric taut, and
6 then move the fabric to follow the pattern.
Reinforcement stitches are sewn at the
beginning and end of sewing.
1
● Be sure to securely tighten the screws
with the screwdriver, otherwise the
needle may touch the presser foot,
causing it to bend or break.
1 Pattern
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching
97
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
After sewing is finished, slide the drop feed
(to the left as seen from the
front of the machine) and turn the handwheel
to raise the feed dogs.
7 lever to
1
Satin stitching
A decorative stitch can be sewn by changing the
stitch width of a satin stitch. If the sewing machine is
set so that the stitch width can be adjusted using the
sewing speed controller, the stitch width can quickly
and easily be adjusted. In this case, the sewing speed
is adjusted with the foot controller.
1 • For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
Connect the foot controller.
(page 49).
1 Back side
2
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
• Normally, the drop feed lever is positioned
at the left.
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
3
Turn on the sewing machine, and then press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
4
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
5
Press
(OK key).
(arrow keys) until
X The screen for specifying that the stitch
width can be controlled with the sewing
speed controller appears.
6
Press
to select
To return to
.
, press
.
X The machine is now set so that the stitch
width can be controlled with the sewing
speed controller.
98
7
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
8
Select stitch 60
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
9 controller to adjust the stitch width.
While sewing, slide the sewing speed
Slide the controller to the left to make the
width narrower. Slide the controller to the right
to make the width wider.
3
Narrower
Wider
• Adjust the sewing speed with the foot
controller.
Memo
● When the foot controller is plugged in,
(start/stop button) cannot be used to start
sewing.
0 width control setting back to OFF.
When you are finished sewing, set the stitch
Memo
● Although the stitching result differs
depending on the type of fabric being sewn
and the thickness of the thread being used,
for best results, adjust the stitch length to
between 0.3 and 0.5 mm (1/64 and
1/32 inch).
Appliqué, Patchwork and Quilt Stitching
99
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Reinforcement Stitching
Reinforce points that will be subject to strain, such as sleeve holes, inseams and pocket corners.
Stitch Name
Triple
stretch
stitch
Bar tack
stitch
Pattern
Application
4
54
52
Darning
stitch
Stitch
Key
53
Reinforcing the seams of
sleeves and inseams
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Manual
Auto
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Reinforcing the ends of
2.0
1.0–3.0
0.4
0.3–1.0
openings, such as the corners
(1/16) (1/16–1/8) (1/64) (1/64–1/16)
of pockets
–
Darning mediumweight
fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
2.0
0.4–2.5
(3/32–1/4) (1/16) (1/64–3/32)
–
Darning thick fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
2.0
0.4–2.5
(3/32–1/4) (1/16) (1/64–3/32)
Use triple stretch stitching to reinforce sleeve holes
and inseams.
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
Presser
Foot
Manual
–
Triple stretch stitching
1
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
J
A
Bar tack stitching
Bar tacks are used to reinforce points subject to
strain, such as pocket corners and openings.
As an example, the procedure for sewing bar tacks at
pocket corners is described below.
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2
Select stitch 4
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Determine the desired length of the bar tack.
1 Set the button guide plate on buttonhole foot
“A” to the desired length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot scale
is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
1
Start sewing.
3 • For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 49).
2
3
1 Presser foot scale
2 Length of bar tack
3 5 mm (3/16 inch)
• A bar tack with a maximum length of about
28 mm (1–1/8 inch) can be sewn.
100
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
2 • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
The buttonhole lever is positioned behind the
bracket on the buttonhole foot.
foot” (page 37).
3
Select stitch 54
1
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
4 pocket faces toward you, and then lower the
Position the fabric so that the opening of the
presser foot lever so that the needle drops
2 mm (1/16 inch) in front of the pocket
opening.
2
1 Buttonhole lever
2 Bracket
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
6 your left hand, and then start sewing.
3
1
1 2 mm (1/16 inch)
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
in the presser foot.
• When lowering the presser foot, do not push
in the front of the presser foot, otherwise the
bar tack will not be sewn with the correct
size.
X Once sewing is completed, the machine
automatically sews reinforcement stitches,
then stops
Cut the threads, raise the presser foot lever,
7 and then remove the fabric.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
8 position.
Memo
● If the fabric does not feed, for example,
because it is too thick, increase the stitch
length. For details, refer to “Adjusting the
stitch length” (page 56).
1
1 Do not reduce the gap.
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
5 possible.
1
1 Buttonhole lever
Reinforcement Stitching
101
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Darning
Fabric that has been torn can be darned.
Darning is sewn as shown below.
1
1 Reinforcement stitching
Determine the desired length of the darning.
1 Set the button guide plate on buttonhole foot
“A” to the desired length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot scale
is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
1
Position the fabric so that the needle is 2 mm
4 (1/16 inch) in front of the area to be darned,
and then lower the presser foot lever.
1
2
1
1 Tear
2 2 mm (1/16 inch)
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
Presser foot scale
Length of darning
5 mm (3/16 inch)
7 mm (1/4 inch)
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
in the presser foot.
• When lowering the presser foot, do not push
in the front of the presser foot, otherwise the
darning will not be sewn with the correct
size.
• A bar tack with a maximum length of about
28 mm (1-1/8 inch) can be sewn.
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
2 • For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
3
Select stitch 52
or 53
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
102
1
1 Do not reduce the gap.
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
5 possible.
1
1 Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever is positioned behind the
bracket on the buttonhole foot.
1
3
2
1 Buttonhole lever
2 Bracket
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
6 your left hand, and then start sewing.
X Once sewing is completed, the machine
automatically sews reinforcement stitches,
then stops
Cut the threads, raise the presser foot lever,
7 and then remove the fabric.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
8 position.
Memo
● If the fabric does not feed, for example,
because it is too thick, increase the stitch
length. For details, refer to “Adjusting the
stitch length” (page 56).
Reinforcement Stitching
103
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Eyelet Stitching
Eyelets, such as those on belts, can be sewn. Three sizes of eyelets are possible: 7 mm, 6 mm and 5 mm (1/4,
15/64 and 3/16 inch).
Stitch Name
Eyelet stitch
1
Application
Pattern
56
Sewing eyelets, for example,
on belts
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
7.0
(1/4)
7.0, 6.0 or
5.0 (1/4,
15/64 or
3/16)
7.0
(1/4)
7.0, 6.0 or
5.0 (1/4,
15/64 or
3/16)
5
Presser
Foot
N
Start sewing.
X Once sewing is completed, the machine
automatically sews reinforcement stitches,
then stops
Use the eyelet punch to cut a hole in the
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2
Select stitch 56
6 center of the eyelet.
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Adjust either the stitch width or the stitch
3 length to select the desired eyelet size.
6 mm
7 mm
5 mm
(1/4 inch) (15/64 inch) (3/16 inch)
• For details, refer to “Adjusting the Stitch
Width and Length” (page 55).
Lower the needle into the fabric at the
4 beginning of the stitching, and then lower the
presser foot lever.
104
• When using the eyelet punch, place thick
paper or some other protective sheet under
the fabric before punching the hole in the
fabric.
Memo
● If thin thread is used, the stitching may be
coarse. If this occurs, sew the eyelet twice,
one on top of the other.
Decorative Stitching
Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Application
26
Fagoting
stitch
27
Sewing two pieces of fabric
together across an open seam
22
Joining
stitch
23
Decorative bridging stitches
20
Shell tuck stitching on collars
and curves
25
Smocking
stitch
26
Smocking fabrics to add
texture and elasticity
27
Scallop
stitch
21
Satin scallop stitching
Lace sewing, decorative
hemming, heirloom stitching,
etc.
35
36
Decorative
stitch
37
Manual
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
2.5–7.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (3/25–1/4) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
3
5.0
2.5–7.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (3/32–1/4) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–4.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
J
5.0
2.5–7.0
0.5
0.1–1.0
(3/16) (3/32–1/4) (1/32) (1/64–1/16)
3.5
(1/8)
1.5–7.0
2.5
1.6–4.0
(1/16–1/4) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
6.0
1.5–7.0
(15/64) (1/16–1/4)
3.0
1.5–4.0
(1/8) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
1.5–7.0
(3/16) (1/16–1/4)
3.5
1.5–4.0
(1/8) (1/16–3/16)
N
5.0
1.5–7.0
2.0
1.5–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–1/4) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
Decorative hemming, ribbon
threading, heirloom stitching,
etc.
40
41
Auto
5.0
1.5–7.0
4.0
1.5–4.0
Decorative hemming and
(3/16)
(1/16–1/4)
(3/16)
(1/16–3/16)
heirloom stitching, etc. on
thin, mediumweight and plain
5.0
1.5–7.0
2.5
1.5–4.0
weave fabrics
(3/16) (1/16–1/4) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
38
39
Manual
Presser
Foot
5.0
2.5–7.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (3/32–1/4) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
33
34
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
4.0
(3/16)
24
Shell tuck
stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Heirloom stitching, etc.
5.0
1.5–7.0
(3/16) (1/16–1/4)
3.0
1.5–4.0
(1/8) (1/16–3/16)
6.0
1.5–7.0
1.6
1.0–4.0
(15/64) (1/16–1/4) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
5.0
1.5–7.0
1.6
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–1/4) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
Eyelet Stitching/Decorative Stitching 105
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Stitch Name
Decorative
stitch
Application
Pattern
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Manual
Auto
29
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
3.0
2.0–4.0
(1/8) (1/16–3/16)
30
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
5.5
(7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
31
Decorative stitching
32
Manual
5.0
1.5–7.0
1.0
0.2–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–1/4) (1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Presser
Foot
J
N
Set the stitch width to 7.0 mm (1/4 inch).
5 • For details, refer to “Adjusting the stitch
Fagoting
Stitching across an open seam is called “fagoting”. It
is used on blouses and children's clothing. This stitch
is more decorative when thicker thread is used.
width” (page 55).
Sew with the center of the presser foot
6 aligned along the center of the two pieces of
fabric.
Use an iron to fold the two pieces of fabric
1 along their seams.
2 about 4 mm (3/16 inch), onto thin paper or a
Baste the two pieces of fabric, separated by
sheet of water-soluble stabilizer.
3
1
2
1 Thin paper or water soluble stabilizer
2 Basting stitching
3 4 mm (3/16 inch)
3
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
4
Select stitch 26
or 27
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
106
7
After sewing is finished, remove the paper.
Scallop stitching
The wave-shaped repeating pattern that looks like
shells is called “scalloping”. It is used on the collars
of blouses and to decorate the edges of
handkerchiefs.
1
Smocking
The decorative stitch created by stitching or
embroidering over gathers is called “smocking”. It is
used to decorate the front of blouses or cuffs.
The smocking stitch adds texture and elasticity to
fabric.
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
1
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2
Select stitch 21
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Stitch along the edge of the fabric, making
3 sure not to sew directly on the edge of the
fabric.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
Select the straight stitch, and then adjust the
2 stitch length to 4.0 mm (3/16 inch) and loosen
the thread tension.
• For details, refer to “Adjusting the stitch
length” (page 56) and “Changing the tension
of the upper thread” (page 54).
3 (3/8 inch).
Sew parallel stitching at intervals of 1 cm
1
• For better results, apply spray starch onto the
fabric and press with a hot iron before it is
sewn.
4
Trim along the stitches.
1 1 cm (3/8 inch)
• It is not necessary to sew reverse/
reinforcement stitches or cut the thread.
Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers.
4 Smooth the gathers by ironing them.
• Be careful not to cut the stitches.
Decorative Stitching
107
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
5
Select stitch 25
, 26
or 27
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
6
Stitch between the straight stitches.
7
Pull out the threads for the straight stitches.
Shell tuck stitching
The gathers that look like shells are called “shell
tucks”. They are used to decorate trims, the front of
blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics.
1
Fold the fabric along the bias.
2
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
3
Select stitch 20
, and then increase the
thread tension.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Sew while making sure that the needle drops
4 slightly off the edge of the fabric.
1
1 Needle drop point
108
Unfold the fabric, and then iron the tucks
5 down to one side.
Joining
Decorative bridging stitches can be sewn over the
seam allowance of joined fabrics. This is used when
making a crazy quilt.
1
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
J
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2 of fabric, and then open up the seam
Sew together the right sides of the two pieces
allowances.
2
1
1
3
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) seam allowance
3 Straight stitch
3
Select stitch 22
, 23
or 24
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Turn the fabric over so that the right side
4 faces up, and then sew over the seam with the
center of the presser foot aligned with the
seam.
1
1 Right side of fabric
Decorative Stitching
109
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
4
Heirloom stitching
Start sewing.
When sewing with the wing needle, the needle holes
are enlarged, creating a lace-like decorative stitch.
This is used to decorate hems and tablecloths on thin
or mediumweight fabrics in addition to plain weave
fabrics.
1
Install the wing needle.
CAUTION
● Select a stitch width of 6.0 mm (15/64
• Use a 130/705H 100/16 wing needle.
• For details on installing a needle, refer to
“Replacing the needle” (page 35).
• The needle threader cannot be used with the
wing needle, otherwise the sewing machine
may be damaged. Manually pass the thread
through the eye of the needle from the front.
2
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
3
Select a stitch.
The stitches that can be used are 33
34
40
, 35
or 41
, 36
, 37
, 38
,
, 39
,
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
• Select a stitch width of 6.0 mm (15/64 inch)
or less.
110
inch) or less, otherwise the needle may
bend or break.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly
turn the balance wheel toward you and
check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot. If the needle hits the presser
foot, the needle may bend or break.
Partially removing threads is called “drawnwork”.
This gives a beautiful result with fabrics that have a
loose weave.
Two ways to create drawnwork are described below.
■ Drawnwork (Example 1)
1
2
5
Press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
6
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
7
Press
(OK key).
8
Press
Pull out several threads from the fabric.
(arrow keys) until
X The screen for mirror imaging the pattern
appears.
to select
To return to
3
.
, press
.
X The pattern is flipped.
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
9
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
3
Select stitch 33
Sew along the other edge of the frayed section
0 so that it looks like the previous stitching.
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
N
With the right side of the fabric facing up, sew
4 along the right edge of the frayed section.
a
Set the mirror image pattern setting back to
.
N
Decorative Stitching
111
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
■ Drawnwork (Example 2)
Pull out several threads from two sections of
1 the fabric, separated by an unfrayed section of
about 4 mm (3/16 inch).
1
1 4 mm (3/16 inch)
2
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
3
4
Select stitch 36
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 68).
Sew along the center of the unfrayed section.
N
112
Sewing the Various Built-In Decorative Patterns
Satin stitches, cross-stitches and decorative satin stitches can be sewn. All are sewn with monogramming foot
“N”.
Sewing beautiful patterns
Sewing patterns
In order to sew the patterns correctly, the following
must be considered.
1
■ Fabric
Before sewing stretch or thin fabrics or fabrics
with a coarse weave, affix the optional stabilizer
material to the wrong side of the fabric or place a
thin sheet of paper, such as tracing paper, under
the fabric. Since material puckering or bunched
stitches may occur when satin stitches are sewn,
be sure to affix stabilizer material to the fabric.
■ Needles and threads
When sewing thin, mediumweight or stretch
fabrics, use the ball point needle. When sewing
thick fabrics, use a 90/14 home sewing machine
needle. In addition, #50 to #60 thread should be
used.
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2 • For details, refer to steps
Select a stitch.
4 through 9 of
“Selecting stitching” (page 68).
3
Start sewing.
■ Trial sewing
Depending on the type and thickness of the fabric
being sewn and whether or not stabilizer material
is used, the desired result may not be achieved.
Be sure to sew a trial piece of fabric before sewing
your project. In addition, while sewing, be sure to
guide the fabric with your hands in order to
prevent the fabric from slipping.
• The stitching is sewn in the direction
indicated by the arrow.
Sewing the Various Built-In Decorative Patterns
113
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Sew reinforcement stitches.
4 When sewing with a character stitch,
reinforcement stitches are automatically sewn
after each character.
• When sewing a pattern with a stitch other
than a character stitch, it is useful to first set
the automatic reverse/reinforcement
stitching setting. For details, refer to
“Automatically sewing reverse/
reinforcement stitches” (page 57).
Combining patterns
Multiple patterns can be combined and sewn
together.
Select the first pattern, and then press
1 (OK key).
X The first pattern is selected and appears in
the LCD.
5 trim off any excess threads at the beginning of
When you are finished sewing, use scissors to
the stitching and between the patterns.
• When the sewing is started, the selected
pattern is sewn repeatedly until the sewing
machine is stopped.
2
Press the + key in the operation panel.
X The screen for selecting a pattern appears
again.
Select the next pattern, and then press
3 (OK key).
To select a different stitch type, press
(stitch selection key).
X The combined patterns appear in the LCD.
• To remove a selected pattern, press the C
key in the operation panel. The pattern that
was selected last is removed.
4
Repeat steps 2 and 3.
5 start sewing.
After all of the desired patterns are selected,
1
1 Sewing direction
X The order that the patterns appear in the
LCD is the order that they will be sewn.
114
Repeat sewing patterns
To repeatedly sew the combined pattern, follow the
procedure described below.
Select the pattern.
1 • For details, refer to “Combining patterns” (on
the previous page).
Memo
● Up to 70 patterns can be combined.
● Some utility stitches cannot be combined.
● If multiple patterns have been combined,
the sewing machine stops once all the
selected patterns displayed in the LCD have
been sewn. To repeatedly sew the
combined pattern, refer to “Repeat sewing
patterns”.
● The combined pattern can be stored for
later use. For details, refer to “Storing a
pattern” (page 120).
2
Press
3
Press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
,
,
and
is selected.
(arrow keys) until
3
4
Press
5
Press
6
Press
(OK key).
X The screen for specifying repeat sewing
appears.
to select
To return to
(repeat sewing).
(single sewing), press
.
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again, and
the machine is set to repeatedly sew the
selected pattern.
Sewing the Various Built-In Decorative Patterns
115
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
1
2
Checking the selected
pattern
Up to 70 patterns can be combined. If all of the
selected patterns cannot be displayed in the LCD at
the same time, the pattern can be checked according
to the following procedure.
1
Press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
2
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
3
Press
(OK key).
X The settings screen appears.
(arrow keys) until
1 Single
2 Repeated
Note
● If repeated sewing is set, the pattern is
repeatedly sewn until the sewing machine is
stopped.
● If the sewing machine is turned off, the
repeated/single sewing setting returns to its
default setting.
X The screen for checking the pattern appears.
Press
and
4 and check it.
5
Press
to scroll through the pattern
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
116
Changing the pattern size
The size of character stitches in the Gothic font and
outline style can be switched between large and
small. However, the size of other patterns cannot be
changed.
Select a stitch.
1 Select a character stitch in either the Gothic
font or outline style.
2
Press
3
Press
4
Press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
,
,
and
is selected.
(arrow keys) until
Memo
● The large pattern size is the default. If the
small pattern size is selected, small patterns
can be combined and connected.
● If multiple patterns have been combined,
the size of each selected pattern can be
specified.
(OK key).
X The screen for changing the pattern size
appears.
Press
5 selected.
and
until the desired size is
Select
for the small size or select
the large size.
for
X The pattern size is changed.
6
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
Sewing the Various Built-In Decorative Patterns
117
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Changing the pattern length
Changing the stitch
density
If a decorative satin stitch has been selected, the
stitch density can be changed.
1
Select a decorative satin stitch
2
Press
3
4
.
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
Press
(arrow keys) until
(OK key).
X The screen for specifying the stitching
density of the decorative satin stitch
appears.
5 selected.
Press
and
The length of one part of a satin stitch can be set to
one of five sizes.
1
Select a satin stitch
2
Press
3
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
4
Press
(OK key).
.
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
(arrow keys) until
X The screen for changing the length of a satin
stitch appears.
Press
5 selected.
and
until the desired ratio is
The length can be set within the range of
and
.
until the desired density is
Select
for coarser stitching or select
for finer stitching.
X The satin stitch length is changed.
6
Press
(OK key).
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
X The initial stitch screen appears again, and
the stitching density is changed.
CAUTION
● If the stitching density is too fine,
depending on the needle, the stitches
may be bunched together, causing the
needle to break.
118
6
Memo
Mirror imaging the pattern
● Some of the utility and decorative patterns
can be mirror imaged.
● Mirror imaged patterns can also be
combined with other patterns.
The pattern can be mirror imaged along a vertical
axis.
1
Select a stitch.
2
Press
3
Press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
,
,
and
is selected.
(arrow keys) until
3
4
Press
(OK key).
X The screen for mirror imaging the pattern
appears.
Press
to select
.
, press
5 To return to
.
X The pattern is mirror imaged.
6
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
1
2
1 Normal
2 Mirror-imaged
Sewing the Various Built-In Decorative Patterns
119
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
6
Storing a pattern
Combined patterns can be stored for later use. Since
stored patterns are not lost after the sewing machine
is turned off, they can be recalled at any time. This is
convenient for patterns, such as names, that will be
used often. Up to five patterns can be stored.
Press
(OK key).
X The contents of the selected pocket are
displayed.
Check the contents, and then press
7 key).
■ Storing a pattern
The contents stored in the
overwritten.
Create the combined pattern that you wish to
1 store.
(OK
pocket are
X “Saving...” appears while the pattern is
being stored in the pocket.
• Do not turn off the sewing machine while a
pattern is being stored, otherwise the pattern
data may be lost.
• For details, refer to “Combining patterns”
(page 114).
X After the pattern is stored, the initial stitch
screen appears again.
■ Recalling a pattern
2
Press
(stitch selection key) in the
1
operation panel.
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
4
Press
(OK key).
and
until the pocket (1 through 5)
5 where you wish to store the pattern is
selected.
indicates an empty pocket.
indicates
a pocket where a pattern is already stored.
120
X The screen containing the various types of
stitches appears.
(arrow keys) until
X The screen for selecting the storage location
(pocket) appears.
Press
(stitch selection key) in the
operation panel.
X The screen containing the various types of
stitches appears.
3
Press
2
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
3
Press
(arrow keys) until
(OK key).
X The screen for selecting a pocket appears.
Press
and
until the pocket containing
4 the pattern that you wish to recall is selected.
A pattern is stored in the
pocket.
5
Press
(OK key).
Realigning the pattern
X The contents of the selected pocket are
displayed.
Check the contents, and then press
6 key).
(OK
The pattern may not be sewn correctly, depending
on the type of fabric being sewn or the sewing speed.
If this occurs, adjust the pattern while sewing on a
piece of scrap fabric that is the same as that used for
your project.
1
To select a different pocket, press
key).
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
(back
X The initial stitch screen appears again, and
the pattern from the selected pocket is
recalled.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2
Press
(stitch selection key) in the
operation panel.
X The screen containing the various types of
stitches appears.
3
Press
,
,
and
(arrow keys) until
is selected, and then select
.
X The pattern alignment stitch is selected.
4
Start sewing.
X The pattern for making the adjustment is
sewn.
X The sewing machine stops after it has
finished sewing the pattern.
Sewing the Various Built-In Decorative Patterns
121
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
5
Check the sewn pattern.
a
If the part of the pattern indicated in the
illustration is sewn uniformly, the pattern is
correctly aligned.
If the pattern is not sewn correctly, following
the steps below to adjust the sewing.
6
Press
(settings key) in the operation panel.
X The settings screen appears.
7
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
8
Press
(arrow keys) until
(OK key).
X The screen for adjusting the pattern appears.
9
Press
(–) or
(+).
X Make the necessary adjustments according
to how the pattern is sewn.
Press
to increase the adjustment setting.
Press
to decrease the adjustment setting.
Start sewing again, and then check the
0 pattern.
Continue adjusting the pattern until it is sewn
correctly.
122
When the pattern is sewn correctly, press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
Designing a Pattern
With the My Custom Stitch function, you can sew stitch patterns that you design yourself.
Drawing a sketch of the
pattern
Prepare a grid sheet set.
Draw a sketch of the pattern on the grid sheet
1 set.
Draw the pattern as one continuous line and
with the start point and the end point of the
design at the same height.
Mark the points in the pattern that are
3 positioned at intersections in the grid, and
then link those points with a continuous
straight line.
4
Determine the sewing order.
9
8
If the pattern will be repeated, determine the
2 space between the repeating patterns.
11
12
13
6
5
4
10
7
3
2
0
1 15
14
16 17
For a more attractive stitch, close the pattern
by intersecting the line.
Designing a Pattern
123
3
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Specify the coordinates of the second point,
(OK key).
6 and then press
Entering the pattern data
Follow the pattern drawn on the grid sheet and
program the pattern into the sewing machine.
1
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
X A screen appears, allowing you to specify
the settings for the stitching between the
two points.
7 stitching will be sewn between the points.
Specify whether single stitching or triple
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 37).
2
Turn on the sewing machine.
3
Press
Press
or
and
to select
for single stitching
for triple stitching, and then press
(OK key).
(stitch selection key) in the
operation panel.
X A screen for selecting the next operation
appears.
X The screen containing the various types of
stitches appears.
4
Press
,
,
and
(arrow keys) until
is selected, and then press
8
Select
, and then press
(OK key).
(OK
key).
X The screen for entering a pattern appears.
1
• If you make a mistake while specifying a
point, press the C key to erase the last point
specified.
X A screen for specifying the next point
appears.
3
2
Repeat steps 6 through 8 to specify each
1 Number of the current point/Total number of
points
2 Horizontal coordinate (0–75)
3 Vertical coordinate (0–14)
9 point.
Up to 99 points can be entered.
Check the grid sheet set, and specify the
5 coordinates of the first point.
Press
and
to select the horizontal
coordinate and press
and
to select the
vertical coordinate, and then press
key).
124
(OK
0
After all points in the pattern have been
specified, select
in the screen that appears
in step 8, and then press
(OK key).
X The embroidery screen appears.
a reverse/reinforcement stitching, in the same
Specify the various stitching settings, such as
way as with other stitches.
• With this screen displayed, pressing
(back key) allows you to add or remove
points.
Memo
● To store the entered pattern data, store it
from the embroidery screen. For details,
refer to “Storing a pattern” (page 120).
● The pattern in the LCD will appear different
from the pattern drawn in the grid sheet set
and the actual sewn stitch. Also, refer to
these when entering the design.
3
Designing a Pattern
125
UTILITY STITCHES ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Design exampled
Enter each of the points indicated in the table to sew the sample stitch.
Point
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
0
12
18
22
23
21
17
14
12
9
6
3
1
3
6
12
41
43
40
41
0
0
3
6
10
13
14
13
11
13
14
13
10
6
3
0
0
4
7
11
Point
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
126
Point
Point
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
38
35
32
30
32
35
41
45
47
44
45
47
50
54
56
55
51
45
70
13
14
13
10
6
3
0
0
4
7
11
13
14
13
10
6
3
0
0
0
0
1
7
10
12
11
8
12
14
14
11
5
3
8
10
13
14
14
12
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
0
3
5
8
12
17
20
24
27
29
31
32
30
27
24
21
18
16
15
15
0
5
8
11
13
14
14
13
12
11
9
6
3
1
0
0
1
3
5
8
Point
Point
0
30
32
32
32
33
35
35
37
35
32
30
30
29
26
24
18
13
12
13
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Point
10
12
8
12
7
12
6
10
5
10
16
19
23
22
17
22
23
19
42
11
10
9
8
6
6
3
2
0
2
1
0
0
6
10
6
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
16
18
21
25
28
33
37
41
43
44
10
12
13
14
14
13
11
8
5
0
20
21
24
23
24
27
27
27
32
27
23
20
16
20
23
27
32
11
7
7
14
7
7
11
7
7
11
14
11
7
3
0
3
7
Point
0
5
4
5
8
7
8
11
11
11
16
11
7
4
0
4
7
11
16
21
7
7
3
7
7
0
7
7
3
7
7
3
0
3
7
11
14
11
7
7
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
4
APPENDIX
The various maintenance and troubleshooting procedures are described in this
chapter.
Stitch Settings........................................................................................................128
Maintenance .........................................................................................................135
Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................137
Index .....................................................................................................................144
APPENDIX
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Stitch Settings
Applications, stitch lengths and widths and whether the twin needle can be used are listed for utility stitches in
the following table.
Utility stitches
Walking Foot
Basic stitching, sewing
gathers or pintucks,
etc.
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reverse
Reverse +
thread-cutting
No
J
Basic stitching and
sewing gathers or pintucks
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
Yes
J/I
Attaching zippers,
basic stitching, sewing
gathers or pintucks,
etc.
–
–
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reverse
Reverse +
thread-cutting
No
J
Attaching sleeves, sewing inseams, sewing
stretch fabrics and decorative stitching
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Sewing stretch fabrics
and decorative stitching
1.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Temporarily securing
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
–
–
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Overcasting and
attaching appliqués
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Yes
Reverse
Reverse +
thread-cutting
No
J
Beginning sewing from
the right needle position
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
1.4
0.3–4.0
(3/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
Yes
2-point zigzag 9
stitch
J
Overcasting on mediumweight or stretch
fabrics, attaching elastic, darning, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
Yes
3-point zigzag 10
stitch
J
Overcasting on mediumweight or stretch
fabrics, attaching elastic, darning, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
Pattern
Left
1
2
Center
Straight
stitch
3
Triple stretch
stitch
4
Stretch stitch
128
Center
Zigzag
stitch
6
7
Right
Basting stitch
5
8
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
J
Stitch Name
Twin Needle
Application
Programmed
Thread-Cutting
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Presser Foot
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Overcasting
stitch
14
15
16
17
Blind hem
stitch
Appliqué stitch
Shell tuck stitch
Satin scallop
stitch
18
19
20
21
22
Joining stitch
23
24
Smocking stitch
25
26
Walking Foot
13
Programmed
Thread-Cutting
12
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
11
Application
Twin Needle
Pattern
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
G
Overcasting on thin or
mediumweight fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
2.0
1.0–4.0
(3/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
G
Overcasting on thick
fabrics
5.0
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
G
Overcasting on thick
fabrics and decorative
stitching
5.0
(3/16)
3.5–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Overcasting on stretch
fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.5–4.0
(3/32) (1/32–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Overcasting on thick or
stretch fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.5–4.0
(3/32) (1/32–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
J
Overcasting on stretch
fabrics and decorative
stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
4.0
1.0–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
R
Blind hem stitching on
mediumweight fabrics
0.0
(0)
3← – 3→
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
R
Blind hem stitching on
stretch fabrics
0.0
(0)
3← – 3→
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Appliqué stitching
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
2.5
1.6–4.0
(3/32–3/16) (3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Shell tuck stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
0.2–4.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Scallop stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.5
0.1–1.0
(1/32) (1/64–1/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Patchwork stitching
and decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Patchwork stitching,
decorative stitching
and sewing overcasting
on both pieces of fabric, such as with tricot
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Patchwork stitching
and decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Smocking stitching and
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Fagoting and decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Fagoting and decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Attaching elastic to
stretch fabrics
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.0
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Fagoting stitch
27
Elastic-attach- 28
ing stitch
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
Stitch Settings
No
No
129
4
31
32
33
34
35
Decorative
stitch
36
37
38
39
40
41
130
Walking Foot
30
Programmed
Thread-Cutting
29
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Pattern
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Stitch Name
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
J
Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
2.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Decorative stitching
5.5
(7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Decorative stitching
and elastic-attaching
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Lace sewing, decorative hemming, heirloom stitching, etc.
3.5
(1/8)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
2.5
1.6–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
N
Decorative hemming,
6.0
1.5–7.0
heirloom stitching, etc. (15/64) (1/16–1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
1.5–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
N
Decorative hemming
on thin, mediumweight
and plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
3.5
(1/8)
1.5–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Decorative hemming
on thin, mediumweight
and plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
4.0
1.5–4.0
(3/16) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Decorative hemming
on thin, mediumweight
and plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
2.5
1.5–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Decorative hemming
on thin, mediumweight
and plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
2.0
1.5–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Decorative hemming,
ribbon threading, heirloom stitching, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
1.5–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Decorative stitching,
6.0
1.5–7.0
smocking stitching,
(15/64) (1/16–1/4)
heirloom stitching, etc.
1.6
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Decorative stitching,
smocking stitching,
heirloom stitching, etc.
1.6
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
Presser Foot
APPENDIX
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
No
45
46
Buttonhole
stitch
47
48
49
50
51
52
Darning stitch
Bar tack stitch
53
54
Button-sewing 55
stitch
Eyelet stitch
56
57
Walking Foot
44
Programmed
Thread-Cutting
43
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
42
Application
Twin Needle
Pattern
A
Horizontal buttonholes on thin and
mediumweight fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
0.4
0.2–1.0
(1/64) (1/64–1/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Horizontal buttonholes on areas that are
subject to strain
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
0.4
0.2–1.0
(1/64) (1/64–1/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Horizontal buttonholes on thick fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
0.4
0.2–1.0
(1/64) (1/64–1/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Secured buttonholes
for fabrics that have
backings
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
0.4
0.2–1.0
(1/64) (1/64–1/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Buttonholes for stretch
or knit fabrics
6.0
3.0–6.0
1.0
0.5–2.0
(15/54) (1/8–15/64) (1/16) (1/32–1/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Buttonholes for stretch
fabrics
6.0
3.0–6.0
1.5
(15/54) (1/8–15/64) (1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Bound buttonholes
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–6.0
(0–15/64)
2.0
0.2–4.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Keyhole buttonholes
for thick or furry fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8–1/4)
0.5
0.3–1.0
(1/32) (1/64–1/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Keyhole buttonholes
for mediumweight and
thick fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8–1/4)
0.5
0.3–1.0
(1/32) (1/64–1/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Horizontal buttonholes for thick or furry
fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8–1/4)
0.5
0.3–1.0
(1/32) (1/64–1/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Darning mediumweight fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.0
0.4–2.5
(1/16) (1/64–3/32)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Darning thick fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.0
0.4–2.5
(1/16) (1/64–3/32)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
A
Reinforcing openings
and areas where the
seam easily comes
loose
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
0.4
0.3–1.0
(1/64) (1/64–1/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
M
Button sewing
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–4.5
(3/32–3/16)
–
–
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
N
Sewing eyelets, for
example, on belts
7.0
(1/4)
7.0, 6.0,
5.0 (1/4,
15/64,
3/16)
7.0
(1/4)
7.0, 6.0,
5.0 (1/4,
15/64,
3/16)
No
Automatic
reinforcement
Thread-cutting
No
J
Piecing straight stitching (with a seam allow5.5
ance of 6.5 mm from
(7/32)
the right edge of the
presser foot)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
0.2–5.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Piecing straight stitching (with a seam allow1.5
ance of 6.5 mm from
(1/16)
the left edge of the
presser foot)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
0.2–5.0
(1/16) (1/64–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
Yes
J
Straight stitch quilting
that looks hand-sewn
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
J
Appliqué quilting, freemotion quilting, satin
stitching
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
Yes
J
Attaching appliqués
and binding
1.5
0.5–5.0
1.2
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/32–3/16) (1/16) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
Piecing straight
stitch
58
Straight stitch
that looks hand- 59
sewn (for quilting)
Zigzag stitch
(for quilting)
60
Appliqué stitch 61
(for quilting)
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Presser Foot
Stitch Name
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
Stitch Settings
131
4
64
Side cutter
65
66
67
132
Walking Foot
63
Programmed
Thread-Cutting
Quilting stitch 62
(for stippling)
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Pattern
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Stitch Name
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
J
Quilting background
stitching (stippling)
7.0
(1/4)
1.0–-7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.6
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
S
Sewing straight stitches
while cutting the fabric
0.0
(0)
0.0–2.5
(0–3/32)
2.5
0.2–5.0
(3/32) (1/64–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
S
Sewing zigzag stitches
while cutting the fabric
3.5
(1/8)
3.5–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
1.4
(1/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
S
Overcasting on thin
and mediumweight
fabrics while cutting
the fabric
3.5
(1/8)
3.5–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
2.0
1.0–4.0
(1/16) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
S
Overcasting on thick
fabrics while cutting
the fabric
5.0
(3/16)
3.5–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
S
Overcasting on mediumweight and thick
fabrics while cutting
the fabric
5.0
(3/16)
3.5–5.0
(1/8–3/16)
2.5
1.0–4.0
(3/32) (1/16–3/16)
No
Reinforcement
Reinforcement +
thread-cutting
No
Presser Foot
APPENDIX
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
1
2
3
4
5
31
Satin stitches
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
No
Large
No
Yes
Yes
4
N
Yes
Large
No
Yes
Yes
N
No
Large
No
Yes
Yes
N
No
Large
Yes
Yes (length Yes
N
No
Large,
Small
No
10
Decorative satin
stitches
Character
stitches
(Gothic font)
N
*
Cross-stitches
1
Left/Right Flipping
3
Adjustable Pattern
Length/width
2
Adjustable Stitching
Density
1
Pattern Size
Decorative
stitches
Pattern
Twin Needle
Stitch Type
Presser Foot
Other stitches
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
only)
No
Yes
*Pattern for making adjustment
Stitch Settings
133
134
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
Left/Right Flipping
2
Adjustable Pattern
Length/width
Character
stitches
(Outline style)
1
Adjustable Stitching
Density
Character
stitches
(Script font)
Pattern
Pattern Size
Stitch Type
Twin Needle
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Presser Foot
APPENDIX
N
No
Large
No
No
Yes
N
No
Large,
Small
No
No
Yes
Maintenance
Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below.
2 and then slide it toward you.
Grasp both sides of the needle plate cover,
Restrictions on oiling
In order to prevent damaging this machine, it must
not be oiled by the user.
This machine was manufactured with the necessary
amount of oil applied to ensure correct operation,
making periodic oiling unnecessary.
If problems occur, such as difficulty turning the
handwheel or an unusual noise, immediately stop
using the machine, and contact you authorized
dealer or the nearest authorized service center.
Cleaning the machine
surface
If the surface of the machine is dirty, lightly soak a
cloth in neutral detergent, squeeze it out firmly, and
then wipe the surface of the machine. After cleaning
it once with a wet cloth, wipe it again with a dry
cloth.
1
1 Needle plate cover
X The needle plate cover is removed.
3 tip of the shuttle hook aligns with the edge of
Turn the balance wheel toward you until the
the race shelf.
CAUTION
● Unplug the power supply cord before
cleaning the machine, otherwise injuries
or an electric shock may occur.
Cleaning the shuttle race
Sewing performance will suffer if dust collects in the
shuttle; therefore, it should be cleaned periodically.
1
Turn off the sewing machine.
3
4
1
2
1
2
3
4
Shuttle race
Shuttle
Edge of the shuttle race
Tip of the shuttle hook
• Be sure to turn the balance wheel toward
you. Turning the balance wheel away from
you may damage the machine.
Remove the shuttle.
4 Grasp the shuttle, and then pull it out.
1
CAUTION
1 Shuttle
● Unplug the power supply cord before
cleaning the machine, otherwise injuries
or an electric shock may occur.
Maintenance
135
4
APPENDIX
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Use the cleaning brush or a vacuum cleaner to
5 remove any lint and dust from the race and its
surrounding area.
Insert the tabs on the needle plate cover into
7 the needle plate, and then slide the cover back
on.
1
2
1 Cleaning brush
2 Shuttle race
CAUTION
• Do not apply oil to the shuttle.
Insert the shuttle so that the S mark on the
6 shuttle aligns with the z mark on the
machine.
a
b
a
b
• Align the S and z marks.
c
1 S mark
2 z mark
3 Shuttle
• Make sure that the indicated points are
aligned before installing the shuttle.
136
● Never use a shuttle that is scratched,
otherwise the upper thread may become
tangled, the needle may break or sewing
performance may suffer. For a new
shuttle (part code: XC3153-321), contact
your nearest authorized service center.
● Be sure that the shuttle is correctly
installed, otherwise the needle may
break.
Troubleshooting
If the machine stops operating correctly, check the following possible problems before requesting service.
If the problem persists, contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center.
Symptom
Probable Cause
The sewing
machine does
not operate.
Remedy
Reference
The machine is not turned on.
Turn on the machine.
page 11
The start/stop button was not
pressed.
Press the start/stop button.
page 49
The presser foot lever is raised.
Lower the presser foot lever.
The start/stop button was pressed,
even though the foot controller is
connected.
Do not use the start/stop button
when the foot controller is
connected. To use the start/stop
button, disconnect the foot
controller.
page 49
The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to
the right.
Move the bobbin winder shaft to the
left.
page 21
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
The needle clamp screw is loose.
Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten
the screw.
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
The combination of fabric, thread
and needle is not correct.
Select a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric
being sewn.
page 33
The presser foot that is used is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
page 128
The upper thread tension is too tight. Loosen the upper thread tension.
The needle
breaks.
The upper
thread breaks.
▼
–
page 35
page 54
–
The fabric is pulled too much.
Lightly guide the fabric.
The spool is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the spool.
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched, or has a
burr on it.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched, or has a
burr on it.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The shuttle is scratched, or has a
burr on it.
Replace the shuttle.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 18
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly (for example, the spool is
not installed correctly, the spool cap
is too big for the spool being used, or
the thread has come out of the
needle bar thread hook).
Correct the upper threading.
page 24
page 24
Troubleshooting
137
4
APPENDIX
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Symptom
▲
Probable Cause
Remedy
There are knots or tangles in the
thread.
Remove any knots or tangles.
The selected needle is not
appropriate for the thread being
used.
Select a needle that is appropriate
for the type of stitch being used.
The upper thread tension is too tight. Loosen the upper thread tension.
The upper
thread breaks.
The lower
thread is tangled
or breaks.
The thread
tension is
incorrect.
138
Reference
–
page 33
page 54
The thread is tangled, for example,
in the shuttle.
Remove the tangle thread. If the
thread is tangled in the shuttle, clean
the shuttle.
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched, or has a
burr on it.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched, or has a
burr on it.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The shuttle is scratched, or has a
burr on it.
Replace the shuttle.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin designed
specifically for this machine.
page 18
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the bobbin thread.
page 22
The bobbin is scratched or does not
rotate smoothly, or has a burr on it.
Replace the bobbin.
The thread is tangled.
Remove the tangled thread and
clean the shuttle.
page 135
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin designed
specifically for this machine.
page 18
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 24
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the bobbin thread.
page 22
The combination of fabric, thread
and needle is not correct.
Select a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric
being sewn.
page 33
The presser foot holder is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the presser foot
holder.
page 39
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper
thread.
page 54
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin
designed specifically for this
machine.
page 18
page 135
page 34
–
Symptom
Probable Cause
The fabric is
wrinkled.
Stitches are
skipped.
A high-pitched
noise is made
while sewing.
The needle
threader cannot
be used.
The stitch is not
sewn correctly.
The fabric does
not feed.
▼
Remedy
Reference
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly, or the bobbin is
incorrectly installed.
Correctly thread the upper thread
and correctly install the bobbin
thread.
The spool is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the spool.
page 24
The combination of fabric, thread
and needle is not correct.
Select a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric
being sewn.
page 33
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
page 34
If thin fabrics are being sewn, the
stitch is too coarse.
Shorten the stitch length or sew with
stabilizer material under the fabric.
page 56
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper
thread.
page 54
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 24
The combination of fabric, thread
and needle is not correct.
Select a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric
being sewn.
page 33
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
page 34
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 35
Dust has accumulated under the
needle plate or in the shuttle.
Remove the needle plate cover and
clean the shuttle.
page 135
Dust has accumulated in the feed
dogs or in the shuttle.
Clean the shuttle.
page 135
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 24
The shuttle is scratched, or has a
burr on it.
Replace the shuttle.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
A bobbin designed specifically for
this machine is not used.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin designed
specifically for this machine.
page 18
The needle was not raised.
Press the needle position button to
raise the needle.
page 27
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 35
The presser foot that is used is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
page 128
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper
thread.
page 54
The thread is tangled, for example,
in the shuttle.
Remove the tangle thread. If the
thread is tangled in the shuttle, clean
the shuttle.
page 135
The feed dogs are lowered.
Slide the drop feed lever to the left.
page 97
The stitch is too fine.
Lengthen the stitch length.
page 56
The presser foot that is used is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you wish to sew.
page 128
page 22, 24
–
Troubleshooting
139
4
APPENDIX
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Symptom
Remedy
Reference
The pressure of the presser foot is
weak.
Turn the presser foot pressure dial to
the right to increase the pressure of
the presser foot.
page 39
The thread is tangled, for example,
in the shuttle.
Remove the tangle thread. If the
thread is tangled in the shuttle, clean
the shuttle.
page 135
Zigzag foot “J” is slanted on a thick
seam at the beginning of stitching.
Use the presser foot locking pin
(black button on the left side) on
zigzag foot “J” to keep the presser
foot level while sewing.
page 63
The sewing lamp
The sewing lamp is damaged.
does not come on.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
Nothing appears
in the LCD.
The brightness of the LCD is either
too light or too dark.
Adjust the brightness of the LCD.
page 142
While winding
the bobbin, the
bobbin thread
was wound
below the
bobbin winder
seat.
You have not wound the bobbin
thread properly.
After removing the thread wound
below the bobbin winder seat, wind
the bobbin correctly.
page 18
The thread is not passed through the
bobbin-winding thread guide
correctly.
Correctly pass the thread through the
bobbin-winding thread guide.
page 20
Bobbin spins slowly.
Move the sewing speed controller to
the right (so that the speed will be
fast).
page 21
The thread that was pulled out was
not wound onto the bobbin
correctly.
Wind the thread that was pulled off
round the bobbin five or six times
clockwise.
page 20
Fabric being
sewn with the
machine cannot
be removed.
Thread is tangled below the needle
plate.
Lift up the fabric and cut the threads
below it, and clean the race.
page 135
The fabric feeds
in the opposite
direction.
The feed mechanism is damaged.
Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The upper
thread has
tightened up.
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the bobbin thread.
page 22
The thread is
tangled on the
wrong side of
the fabric.
You have not threaded the upper
thread properly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 24
▲
The fabric does
not feed.
Bobbin thread
does not wind
neatly on the
bobbin.
140
Probable Cause
Error messages
If the start/stop button is pressed before the sewing machine is correctly set up or if an operation is performed
incorrectly, an error message appears in the LCD. Follow the instructions that appear.
If you press
(OK key),
(back key) or do the operation correctly while the error message is displayed, the
message disappears.
Error Message
Probable Cause
The motor locked up because the thread is tangled.
The start/stop button, reverse/reinforcement stitch button
or thread cutter button was pressed while the presser
foot was raised.
The reverse/reinforcement stitch button, needle position
button or thread cutter button was pressed while the
bobbin winder shaft is moved to the right.
The start/stop button was pressed while the foot controller was connected.
A stitch other than the buttonhole, bar tack or darning
stitch was selected and the start/stop button was pressed
while the buttonhole lever is lowered.
4
The buttonhole, bar tack or darning stitch was selected
and the start/stop button was pressed while the buttonhole lever is raised.
The start/stop button or reverse/reinforcement stitch button was pressed after a stitch has been deleted.
A pattern is being stored.
The bobbin winder is winding the bobbin.
More than 71 patterns are being combined.
The start/stop button was pressed without connecting the
foot controller while the setting for adjusting the stitch
width using the sewing speed controller is set to [ON].
The twin needle setting is selected while a pattern that
cannot be sewn with the twin needle is selected.
The first pattern was selected while two or more patterns
are combined.
The selected setting cannot be changed with the selected
pattern.
F01~F09
If error message “F01” through “F09” appears in the LCD
while the sewing machine is being used, the machine
may be malfunctioning. Contact your nearest authorized
service center.
Troubleshooting
141
APPENDIX
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Nothing appears in the LCD
If nothing appears in the LCD when the sewing
machine is turned on, the brightness of the LCD is
either too light or too dark. If this is the case, perform
the following operation.
1
Turn off the sewing machine.
Operation beep
Each time a key is pressed or an incorrect operation
is performed, a beep is sounded.
■ For a correct operation
One beep is sounded.
■ If an incorrect operation is performed
Two or four beeps are sounded.
■ If the machine locks up, for example, because
the thread is tangled
The sewing machine continues to beep for four
seconds. The machine automatically stops.
Be sure to check for the cause of the error, and
correct it before continuing to sew.
While pressing
(back key) in the
2 operation panel, turn on the sewing machine.
Press
(–) or
(+).
3 Adjust the brightness of the LCD so that the
screens can be seen.
4 again.
Turn off the sewing machine, then turn it on
142
Cancelling the operation
beep
When the sewing machine is purchased, it is set to
beep each time an operation panel key is pressed.
This setting can be changed so that the machine does
not beep.
1
Removing the upper cover
If the upper cover of the sewing machine was
removed, re-attach it as described in the following
procedure.
1
Hold the upper cover level.
Turn on the sewing machine.
X The LCD comes on.
2
Press
3
Press
,
,
and
is selected.
4
Press
(OK key).
(settings key) in the operation panel.
Push the upper cover down to re-attach it to
2 the machine.
X The settings screen appears.
4
(arrow keys) until
X The screen for changing the beep setting
appears.
5
Press
to select
To return to
, press
.
.
X The machine is now set so that it will not
beep.
6
Press
(OK key).
X The initial stitch screen appears again.
Troubleshooting
143
APPENDIX
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Index
Symbols
D
+ key ....................................................................Cover E
darning .......................................................................102
designing patterns ....................................................... 123
Numerics
2-point zigzag stitch ......................................................71
3-point zigzag stitch ......................................................71
A
accessories ........................................................... Cover A
adjustable zipper/piping foot .................................... 1, 89
air vent ................................................................ Cover C
appliques ......................................................................93
arrow keys ............................................................Cover E
automatic reinforcement stitching .................................57
automatic reverse stitching ............................................57
automatic thread-cutting ...............................................59
B
back key ...............................................................Cover E
balance wheel ...............................................Cover C, 48
bar tack .......................................................................100
baseline ........................................................................75
basic stitching ...............................................................74
blind hem stitch ............................................................76
bobbin ...........................................................Cover A, 22
bobbin cover .................................................Cover C, 22
bobbin thread ...............................................................22
pulling up ...............................................................31
bobbin winder ...............................................Cover B, 19
bobbin winder seat .......................................................20
bobbin winder shaft spring ............................................19
bobbin-winding ............................................................18
button sewing ...............................................................82
buttonhole foot .............................................................80
buttonhole lever ........................... Cover C, 80, 101, 103
buttonhole stitching ......................................................78
C
C key ....................................................................Cover E
changing sewing direction ............................................62
changing the needle ......................................................35
checking patterns ........................................................116
cleaning ......................................................................135
cleaning brush .............................................Cover A, 136
combining patterns .....................................................114
crazy quilt stitching .......................................................95
creating patterns .........................................................123
cross-stitch ..................................................................113
cross-wound thread ......................................................19
curves ...........................................................................62
cylindrical pieces ..........................................................42
144
E
elastic tape .................................................................... 91
electrical outlet ............................................................. 11
error messages ............................................................ 141
even seam allowance ....................................................64
extra spool pin ...............................................Cover A, 29
eyelet .......................................................................... 104
eyelet punch ......................................... Cover A, 81, 104
F
fagoting .......................................................................106
features ...........................................................................2
feed dog position switch ................................Cover C, 97
feed dogs .......................................................Cover C, 97
flipping .......................................................................119
foot controller ................................................Cover A, 49
foot controller jack ............................................... Cover C
free-arm sewing ............................................................ 42
free-motion quilting ...................................................... 97
front view ............................................................ Cover B
H
handle ................................................................. Cover C
hard case ............................................................. Cover A
heirloom stitching ....................................................... 110
J
joining ........................................................................ 109
joining stitch ................................................................. 93
L
language ....................................................................... 17
LCD ...................................................... Cover E, 12, 142
brightness ...................................................... 16, 142
lower threading ............................................................. 22
M
main power switch ........................................Cover C, 11
maintenance ............................................................... 135
N
needle ........................................................................... 33
needle bar thread hook ..................................Cover C, 26
needle clamp screw ...................................................... 35
needle plate ...................................................Cover C, 64
needle plate cover ......................................................135
needle position ...................................................... 55, 75
needle position button ......................................... Cover D
needle set ............................................................ Cover A
needle stop position ......................................................16
needle threader lever .....................................Cover B, 27
non stick foot ........................................................... 1, 64
O
OK key .................................................................Cover E
open toe foot ........................................................... 1, 94
openings .....................................................................100
operating procedures ....................................................13
operation beep ............................................................142
operation buttons ..................................Cover B, Cover D
operation manual ................................................. Cover A
operation panel ......................................Cover B, Cover E
optional accessories ........................................................1
original patterns ..........................................................123
overcasting stitches .......................................................70
P
patchwork stitching .......................................................95
pattern size .................................................................117
patterns .......................................................................113
piecing ..........................................................................95
pocket corners ............................................................100
positioning fabric ..........................................................48
presser foot ....................................................Cover C, 37
presser foot dial .............................................Cover C, 39
presser foot holder .........................................Cover C, 39
presser foot lever .................................................. Cover D
presser foot pressure .....................................................39
programmed thread-cutting ...........................................59
Q
quick reference guide .......................................... Cover A
quilting .........................................................................96
quilting foot ...................................................Cover A, 97
quilting guide ........................................................... 1, 96
R
realigning ....................................................................121
rear view .............................................................. Cover C
recalling a pattern .......................................................120
reinforcement stitching ........................................ 51, 100
repeat sewing ..............................................................115
reverse/reinforcement stitch button ...................... Cover D
S
satin stitch ...................................................................113
satin stitching ................................................................98
saving patterns ............................................................120
saving stitch settings ......................................................60
scallop stitching ..........................................................107
screen language ............................................................17
screwdriver ....................................................Cover A, 35
seam ripper ....................................................Cover A, 81
selecting stitching ......................................................... 68
settings .......................................................................... 14
settings key .................................................... Cover E, 14
sewing machine help key ............................... Cover E, 13
sewing machine needles ............................................... 33
sewing speed ................................................................ 49
sewing speed controller ................. Cover B, Cover D, 98
shell tuck stitch ........................................................... 108
shutter ........................................................................... 26
shuttle ......................................................................... 135
shuttle hook ................................................................ 135
side cutter ................................................................ 1, 72
side view ............................................................. Cover C
size ............................................................................. 117
sleeves ........................................................................ 100
smocking .................................................................... 107
spool cap ................................................ Cover A, 19, 25
spool net ........................................................Cover A, 31
spool pin ................................................. Cover B, 19, 25
start/stop button ............................................ Cover D, 49
starting sewing .............................................................. 49
stitch guide foot ....................................................... 1, 64
stitch keys ............................................................. Cover E
stitch length .................................................................. 56
stitch selection key ................................................ Cover E
stitch settings .............................................................. 128
stitch width ................................................................... 55
controlling .............................................................. 98
stitching density .......................................................... 118
storing patterns ........................................................... 120
straight stitch ................................................................. 74
stretch fabrics ................................................................ 64
T
thick fabrics .................................................................. 63
thin fabrics .................................................................... 64
thread cutter ..................................................Cover B, 53
thread cutter button ...................................... Cover D, 53
thread guide cover .................................. Cover B, 20, 26
thread guide discs ..........................................Cover C, 27
thread guide for bobbin winding ....................Cover B, 20
thread guide plate ................................... Cover B, 20, 26
thread tension ............................................................... 54
thread tension dial .........................................Cover B, 54
thread that quickly unwinds .......................................... 31
trial sewing ................................................................... 62
triple stretch stitch ....................................................... 100
troubleshooting ........................................................... 137
twin needle ............................................. Cover A, 28, 35
U
upper cover ............................................ Cover B, 19, 25
upper thread ................................................................. 24
upper thread tension ..................................................... 54
W
walking foot ............................................ Cover A, 40, 96
wide table ................................................................ 1, 42
wing needle ................................................................ 110
Index
145
4
APPENDIX
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————
Z
zipper stitching ...................................................... 85, 89
146
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support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).
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