Brother 885-X36 Sewing Machine User Manual

Operation Manual
Sewing Machine
Product Code: 885-X36/X38
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product
support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).
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IMPORTANT SAFETY
INSTRUCTIONS
Please read these safety instructions
before attempting to use the machine.
DANGER - To reduce the
risk of electric shock:
1
Always unplug the machine from
the electrical outlet immediately after
using, when cleaning, when making
any user servicing adjustments
mentioned in this manual, or if you are
leaving the machine unattended.
and immediately unplug the power
cord.
• When transporting the machine, be
sure to carry it by its handle. Lifting
the machine by any other part may
damage the machine or result in the
machine falling, which could cause
injuries.
• When lifting the machine, be careful
not to make any sudden or careless
movements, otherwise you may
injure your back or knees.
4 Always keep your work area clear:
WARNING
- To reduce the
•
Never operate the machine with any
risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or
injury to persons.
2
Always unplug the machine from
the electrical outlet when making any
adjustments mentioned in the
instruction manual:
• To unplug the machine, switch the
machine to the symbol “O” position
to turn it off, then grasp the plug and
pull it out of the electrical outlet. Do
not pull on the cord.
• Plug the machine directly into the
electrical outlet. Do not use an
extension cord.
• Always unplug your machine if the
power is cut.
3
Never operate this machine if it has
a damaged cord or plug, if it is not
working properly, if it has been
dropped or damaged, or water is spilled
on the unit. Return the machine to the
nearest authorized dealer or service
center for examination, repair,
electrical or mechanical adjustment.
• While the machine is stored or in use
if you notice anything unusual, such
as an odor, heat, discoloration or
deformation, stop using the machine
1
air openings blocked. Keep
ventilation openings of the machine
and foot control free from the build
up of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
• Do not store objects on the foot
controller.
• Do not use extension cords. Plug the
machine directly into the electrical
outlet.
• Never drop or insert any object into
any opening.
• Do not operate where aerosol (spray)
products are being used or where
oxygen is being administered.
• Do not use the machine near a heat
source, such as a stove or iron;
otherwise, the machine, power cord
or garment being sewn may ignite,
resulting in fire or an electric shock.
• Do not place this machine on an
unstable surface, such as an unsteady
or slanted table, otherwise the
machine may fall, resulting in
injuries.
5
Special care is required when
sewing:
• Always pay close attention to the
needle. Do not use bent or damaged
needles.
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• Keep fingers away from all moving
parts. Special care is required around
the machine needle.
• Switch the machine to the symbol
“O” position to turn it off when
making any adjustments in the needle
area.
• Do not use a damaged or incorrect
needle plate, as it could cause the
needle to break.
• Do not push or pull the fabric when
sewing, and follow careful instruction
when freehand stitching so that you
do not deflect the needle and cause it
to break.
6 This machine is not a toy:
• Your close attention is necessary
when the machine is used by or near
children.
• The plastic bag that this machine was
supplied in should be kept out of the
reach of children or disposed of.
Never allow children to play with the
bag due to the danger of suffocation.
• Do not use outdoors.
7
For a longer service life:
• When storing this machine, avoid
direct sunlight and high humidity
locations. Do not use or store the
machine near a space heater, iron,
halogen lamp, or other hot objects.
• Use only neutral soaps or detergents
to clean the case. Benzene, thinner,
and scouring powders can damage
the case and machine, and should
never be used.
• Always consult the operation manual
when replacing or installing any
assemblies, the presser feet, needle,
or other parts to assure correct
installation.
8 For repair or adjustment:
• If the Light unit (light-emitting diode)
is damaged, it must be replaced by
authorized dealer.
• In the event a malfunction occurs or
adjustment is required, first follow the
troubleshooting table in the back of
the operation manual to inspect and
adjust the machine yourself. If the
problem persists, please consult your
local authorized Brother dealer.
Use this machine only for its intended
use as described in this manual.
Use accessories recommended by the
manufacturer as contained in this
manual.
The contents of this manual and
specifications of this product are
subject to change without notice.
For additional product information,
visit our web site at www.brother.com
SAVE THESE
INSTRUCTIONS
This machine is intended
for household use.
This appliance is not intended for use by
persons (including children) with
reduced physical, sensory or mental
capabilities, or lack of experience and
knowledge, unless they have been given
supervision or instruction concerning use
of the appliance by a person responsible
for their safety.
Children should be supervised to ensure
that they do not play with the appliance.
FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE,
MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
IMPORTANT
• In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse
approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the
mark, rating as marked on plug.
• Always replace the fuse cover. Never use plugs with
the fuse cover omitted.
• If the available electrical outlet is not suitable for the
plug supplied with this equipment, you should
contact your authorized dealer to obtain the correct
lead.
2
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CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ........... 1
1. KNOWING YOUR SEWING
MACHINE .................................. 4
ACCESSORIES ................................................. 4
Optional accessories .......................................... 4
THE MAIN PARTS ........................................... 5
Flat bed attachment ............................................ 5
USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ................ 6
Connecting plugs ............................................... 6
Main power and sewing light switch .................. 7
Foot controller .................................................... 7
Checking the needle ........................................... 7
Replacing the needle .......................................... 7
Changing the presser foot ................................... 8
Fagoting ............................................................ 33
Overedge stitching ............................................ 34
Feather stitching ................................................ 35
Triple zigzag stretch stitching ............................ 35
Decorative stitching .......................................... 35
4. SEWING BUTTONHOLES AND
BUTTONS ............................... 36
Making a buttonhole (1-step automatic
buttonhole) ....................................................... 36
Adjusting buttonholes ....................................... 38
Sewing buttons ................................................. 39
5. USING ATTACHMENTS AND
APPLICATIONS ....................... 40
THE CONTROLS ............................................. 9
Pattern selection dial .......................................... 9
Stretch stitching .................................................. 9
Patterns and stitch names ................................. 10
Stitch length dial .............................................. 12
Stitch width dial ............................................... 12
Reverse sewing lever ........................................ 13
Feed dog position switch .................................. 13
THREADING THE MACHINE ....................... 13
Zipper insertion ................................................ 40
Gathering .......................................................... 41
Darning ............................................................ 41
Appliqués .........................................................41
Using the blind stitch foot ................................. 42
6. APPENDIX ................................ 43
Winding the bobbin ......................................... 13
Lower threading ............................................... 16
Upper threading ............................................... 18
Drawing up the lower thread ............................ 22
MAINTENANCE ........................................... 43
FABRIC, THREAD, AND NEEDLE
COMBINATIONS ......................................... 24
TROUBLESHOOTING .................................. 45
INDEX .......................................................... 48
2. SEWING BASICS ...................... 25
Please read before sewing ................................ 25
Starting sewing ................................................. 25
Trial sewing ...................................................... 26
Changing the sewing direction ......................... 26
Sewing thick fabrics ......................................... 26
Sewing thin fabrics ........................................... 27
Sewing stretch fabrics ....................................... 27
Stitching cylindrical pieces ............................... 27
Sewing with a twin needle (Option) ................. 27
Thread tension ................................................. 29
3. BUILT-IN STITCHES ................. 30
Straight stitching ............................................... 30
Zigzag stitching ................................................ 30
Blind hem stitching .......................................... 30
Shell tuck stitching ........................................... 32
Elastic stitching ................................................. 32
Double action stitching .................................... 33
3
Restrictions on oiling ........................................ 43
Precautions on storing the machine .................. 43
Cleaning ........................................................... 43
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1
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
1
ACCESSORIES
We have designed these accessories to help you easily perform most sewing tasks.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Part Code
Americas
Others
Part Name
Zigzag foot “J”
(on machine)
Buttonhole foot “A”
Zipper foot “I”
Button sewing foot “M”
Blind stitch foot
Extra spool pin
Spool cap “A”
Spool cap “B”
Bobbin
(One is on machine)
XC4901-021
XD1792-031
XE9369-001
XE2137-001
XF1639-001
XE2241-001
130012-024
130013-124
SA156 SFB:
XA5539-151
No.
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Part Name
Twin needle
(2.0/75 needle)
Needle set
(90/14 needle)
Disc-shaped
screwdriver
Seam ripper
Cleaning brush
Foot controller
Hard case
Soft cover
8.
9.
Part Code
Americas
Others
X57521-021
3-piece set: XE5328-001
2-piece set: XE7064-001
XC1074-051
XZ5082-001
X59476-021
See page 5
XF1570-001
X53984-027
Note
● The included accessories vary depending on the machine model.
Optional accessories
The following are available as optional accessories to be purchased separately. Depending on the model you
purchased, the following accessory may be included with your machine.
1.
No.
2.
Part Name
1
Walking foot
2
Quilting foot
3
1/4-inch quilting foot
3.
Part Code
Americas
Others
F033N:
SA140 XC2214-052
SA129 F005N:
XC1948-052
SA125 F001N:
XC1944-052
4.
No.
5.
Part Name
4
Narrow hemmer foot
5
Quilting guide
Part Code
Americas
Others
F002N:
SA126 XC1946-052
SA132 F016N:
XC2215-052
4
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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THE MAIN PARTS
5 43
2
N
1
6
F
E
7
L
8
K
G
9
0
A
B
C D
1 Bobbin winder (Page 13)
This winds the thread onto the bobbin for use as the
lower thread.
2 Stitch length dial (Page 12)
Rotate the dial to control the stitch length.
3 Stitch width dial (Page 12)
Rotate the dial to control the stitch width.
4 Upper tension-control dial (Page 29)
This controls the tension of the upper thread.
5 Bobbin-winding thread guide and pre-tension disc
(Page 14, 18)
6 Thread take-up lever (Page 20)
7 Thread cutter (Page 26)
Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.
8 Needle threader (Page 21)
9 Quick-set bobbin (Page 16, 22)
0 Flat bed attachment with accessory compartment (Page 5)
A Presser foot (Page 8)
B Feed dog position switch (Page 13)
C Reverse sewing lever (Page 13)
Push this lever to stitch in the reverse direction.
D Pattern indication window (Page 9)
Shows the stitch number to be performed.
E Pattern selection dial (Page 9)
Rotate the dial in either direction to choose the
stitch you want.
F Handwheel
Used to manually raise and lower the needle.
G Buttonhole fine-adjustment screw (Page 38)
H Main power and sewing light switch (Page 7)
You can turn the main power and sewing light
switch on and off.
I Foot controller jack / socket (Page 6)
Plug in the foot controller plug and connect the
machine to the power supply.
J Presser foot lever (Page 18)
Used to raise and lower the presser foot.
5
M
O
H
I
J
K Buttonhole lever (1-Step automatic buttonhole)
(Page 36)
Lower the buttonhole lever when sewing
buttonholes.
L Handle
Carry the sewing machine by its handle
whentransporting the machine.
M Thread guide (Page 15, 19)
This is used when winding the thread onto the
bobbin and then threading the machine.
N Spool pin and spool cap (Page 14, 19)
This holds the spool of thread.
O Foot controller (Page 7)
You can use this to control the sewing speed, and to
start and stop sewing.
Foot Controller: Model KD-1902 for 110/120V area
Model KD-2902 for 220/240V area
The foot controller part code differs depending on the
country or region. Contact your dealer or the nearest
authorized service center.
Flat bed attachment
The accessories are stored in the storage space in the
flat bed attachment.
1
Swing the lid of the flat bed attachment
toward you to open the storage space.
b
a
1 Flat bed
attachment
2 Accessory
compartment
X The bag of accessories is in the storage
space.
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USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
1
WARNING
● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Using other power sources may
result in fire, electric shock, or damage to the machine.
● Make sure that the plugs on the power cord are firmly inserted into the electrical outlet and
the power supply jack on the machine.
● Do not insert the plug on the power cord into an electrical outlet that is in poor condition.
● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances:
•
•
•
•
•
When you are away from the machine
After using the machine
When the power fails during use
When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection
During electrical storms
CAUTION
● Use only the power cord included with this machine.
● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to
them. Fire or electric shock may result.
● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Electric shock may result.
● When unplugging the machine, always turn off the main power first. Always grasp the plug to
remove it from the outlet. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord, or lead to fire or electric
shock.
● Do not allow the power cord to be cut, damaged, modified, forcefully bent, pulled, twisted,
or bundled. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. These
things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. If the cord or plug is damaged,
take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use.
● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise
a fire may result.
Connecting plugs
Note
1
Connect the foot controller plug to the
machine.
2
Connect the power supply plug to a wall
outlet.
2
1
● If a power outage occurs while the sewing
machine is being operated, turn off the main
power and unplug the power supply cord.
When restarting the sewing machine, follow
the necessary procedure to correctly operate
the machine.
(For U.S.A. only)
● This appliance has a polarized plug (one
blade wider than the other). To reduce the
risk of electric shock, this plug is intended to
fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If the
plug does not fit fully in the outlet, reverse
the plug.
If it still does not fit, contact a qualified
electrician to install the proper outlet. Do
not modify the plug in any way.
6
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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Main power and sewing
light switch
Checking the needle
This switch turns the main power and sewing light on or
off.
The sewing needle must always be straight and sharp
for smooth sewing.
1
2
■ Checking the needle correctly
Put the flat side of the needle on a flat surface.
Check the needle from the top and the sides.
Dispose of any bent needles safely.
1 Turn on (toward the ‘I’ mark)
2 Turn off (toward the ‘O’ mark)
1
Foot controller
2
When you press the foot controller down lightly, the
machine will run at a low speed. When you press
harder, the machine’s speed will increase. When you
take your foot off the foot controller, the machine will
stop.
1 Parallel space
2 Level surface (bobbin cover, glass, etc.)
Replacing the needle
CAUTION
1
2
1 Slower
2 Faster
You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot
controller when the machine is not in use.
CAUTION
● Always turn off the machine before you
change the needle. Otherwise, injuries
may occur if the foot controller is
accidentally pressed and the machine
starts sewing.
● Only use sewing machine needles for
home use. Other needles may bend or
break and cause injury.
● Never sew with a bent needle. A bent
needle will easily break and cause injury.
● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to
1
Turn off the machine.
build up on the foot controller. Doing so
could cause a fire or an electric shock.
2
Raise the needle by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark on
the wheel points up.
3
Lower the presser foot lever.
1
1 Presser foot lever
7
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CAUTION
CAUTION
● Before replacing the needle, place fabric
4
Hold the needle with your left hand, and
then use a disc-shaped screwdriver to turn
the needle clamp screw counterclockwise
to remove the needle.
1
● Make sure you insert the needle until it
or paper under the presser foot to
prevent the needle from falling into the
hole in the needle plate.
touches the stopper, and securely tighten
the needle clamp screw with a discshaped screwdriver, otherwise the
needle may break or the machine may be
damaged.
Changing the presser foot
CAUTION
2 1
1 Use a disc-shaped screwdriver
2 Needle clamp screw
• Do not use excessive force when loosening
or tightening the needle clamp screw,
otherwise certain parts of the sewing
machine may be damaged.
5
With the flat side of the needle toward the
back of the machine, insert the needle
until it touches the needle stopper. Next,
tighten the needle clamp using a discshaped screwdriver.
● Always turn off the machine before you
change the presser foot. If you leave the
power on and step on the controller, the
machine will start and you may be
injured.
● Always use the correct presser foot for
the stitch pattern you have chosen. If
you use the wrong presser foot, the
needle may strike the presser foot and
bend or break, and may cause injury.
● Only use presser feet that have been
designed to be used with this machine.
Using any other presser foot may cause
accident or injury.
You will have to change the presser foot depending on
what you want to sew and how.
1
Turn off the machine.
Raise the presser foot lever.
2
Raise the needle by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark on
the wheel points up.
3
Press the black button at the back of the
presser foot holder to release the presser
foot.
2
3
1
1 Use a disc-shaped
screwdriver
2 Needle stopper
3 Needle
Install the twin needle in the same way.
1
2
3
4
1 Black button
2 Presser foot holder
3 Presser foot
Put a different presser foot on the needle
plate so that the bar on the presser foot is
in line with the slot on the shank.
8
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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5
Lower the presser foot lever and fix the
presser foot onto the shank. If the presser
foot is in the correct place, the bar should
snap in.
■ Presser foot installation orientation
2
1
CAUTION
1 Shank
2 Bar
● If the presser foot is not installed with
the correct orientation, the needle may
strike the presser foot, which may bend
or break the needle and cause injury.
THE CONTROLS
Pattern selection dial
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark on the wheel points
up.
CAUTION
● When you use the pattern selection dial
to choose a pattern, raise the needle by
turning the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark on
the wheel points up. If the needle is in
the down position when you turn the
pattern selection dial, the needle, presser
foot or fabric may be damaged.
To select a stitch, simply turn the pattern selection dial,
located on the right side of the machine. The pattern
selection dial may be turned in either direction. The
next section shows recommended stitch lengths and
widths.
2
1
• The pattern number
display does not rotate
endlessly. If you set
the pattern selection
dial to the highest or
lowest pattern and
continue to turn it in
the same direction, the
dial will spin freely but
the pattern will not
change.
1 Pattern selection dial
2 Chosen pattern number
9
Stretch stitching
Setting the stitch length dial to “
selected pattern to a stretch stitch.
” changes the
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Patterns and stitch names
■ 37 Stitches
(only available on certain models)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
29
Pattern
37 Stitches
27 Stitches
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
8
7
9
10
10
11
12
10
2
3
4
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
25
26
27
24
5
6
7
8
9
10
18
19
20
21
22
23
Stitch Name
Recommended
Width
(mm (inch))
Recommended
Length
(mm (inch))
Reference Page
1-STEP AUTOMATIC
BUTTONHOLE
3-5
(1/8-3/16)
(Dial 4-7)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
36
STRAIGHT STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
1-4
(1/16-3/16)
30, 40, 41, 42
ZIGZAG STITCH
0-6.5
(0-1/4)
F-4
(1/64-3/16)
30, 39, 41, 42
BLIND HEM STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-2
(1/64-1/16)
30, 42
SHELL TUCK STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-3
(1/64-1/8)
32
ELASTIC STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-2.5
(1/64-3/32)
32
STRETCH BLIND HEM
STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
30, 42
SCALLOP STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
35
DOUBLE ACTION STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-3
(1/64-1/8)
33
BRIDGING STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-3
(1/64-1/8)
33
RAMPART STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-3
(1/64-1/8)
33
ELASTIC SHELL TUCK
STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-3
(1/64-1/8)
34
11
12
1
28
8
9
1
■ 27 Stitches
10
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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Stitch Name
Recommended
Width
(mm (inch))
Recommended
Length
(mm (inch))
Reference Page
BEAD STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
35
ARROWHEAD STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
35
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PARALLELOGRAM
STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
35
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SCALLOP STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
35
—
LIGHTNING STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
35
—
SQUARE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
35
—
DECORATIVE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
35
TRIPLE STRETCH STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
30
Pattern
37 Stitches
27 Stitches
13
13
14
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
16
TRIPLE ZIGZAG STRETCH
STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
22
17
ELASTIC OVERLOCK
STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
34
ELASTIC OVERLOCK
STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
34
FEATHER STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
COMB STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
34
DECORATIVE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
FAGOTING STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
33
DECORATIVE STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
33
DECORATIVE HEM
STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
33
DECORATIVE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
DECORATIVE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
23
18
24
19
25
20
26
21
27
28
22
23
29
24
30
25
31
11
15
26
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Stitch Name
Recommended
Width
(mm (inch))
Recommended
Length
(mm (inch))
Reference Page
DECORATIVE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
—
DECORATIVE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
—
DECORATIVE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
—
LINK STITCH
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
—
DECORATIVE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
—
DECORATIVE STITCH
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
35
Pattern
37 Stitches
27 Stitches
32
27
33
34
35
36
37
1
CAUTION
Stitch length dial
Depending on the selected stitch, you may need to
adjust the stitch length for best results.
The numbers marked on the stitch length dial represent
the stitch length in millimeters (mm) (1/25 inch).
THE HIGHER THE NUMBER, THE LONGER THE
STITCH. With the “0” setting, material is not fed. This is
used when sewing a button.
The “F”-“1” range is for making a satin stitch (closed
zigzag stitch), which is used for making buttonholes
and decorative stitches. The position needed for making
the satin stitch varies according to the material and
thread being used. To determine the exact dial position,
first test the stitch and length settings on a scrap piece of
fabric to observe the feeding of the material.
● If the stitches are bunched together,
lengthen the stitch length and continue
sewing. Do not continue sewing without
lengthening the stitch length, otherwise
the needle may break and cause injury.
Stitch width dial
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark on the wheel points
up. The numbers marked on the dial represent the stitch
width.
1
1
2
3
1
1 Stitch width dial
1 Stitch length dial
2 Shorter
3 Longer
When the Straight or Triple Stretch Stitch is selected, the
needle position can be changed from left to right by
adjusting the stitch width dial.
12
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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CAUTION
Feed dog position switch
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly
turn the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If
the needle hits the presser foot, the
needle may bend or break.
● If the stitches are bunched together,
increase the stitch length. Continuing to
sew with the stitches bunched together
may result in the needle bending or
breaking.
Use the feed dog position switch to raise or lower the
feed dogs according to the job that is being done. When
darning or sewing on buttons, the feed dogs should be
lowered. (The garment will not be fed.)
Note
● When raising or lowering the feed dogs,
move the feed dog position switch as far as
possible to the appropriate side. Since the
feed dogs can not be lowered using the feed
dog position switch immediately after they
are raised, turn the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) once and after the feed
dogs are raised, lower them using the feed
dog position switch.
Reverse sewing lever
You can use reverse sewing for back tacking and
reinforcing seams.
To sew in reverse, push the reverse sewing lever in as
far as possible and hold it in that position while you
lightly push the foot controller. To sew forward, release
the reverse sewing lever. The machine will then sew
forward.
1
3
2
1
1 Feed dog position switch
2 Down position
3 Up position
1 Reverse sewing lever
THREADING THE MACHINE
Winding the bobbin
CAUTION
● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. If you use bobbins from other models,
the machine will not work properly. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or
bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156, SFB: XA5539-151). Using other bobbins may
cause damage to the machine.
Actual size
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
This model
13
Other models
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1
1 Hook of the
bobbin-winding
thread guide
2 Pre-tension disk
3 Bobbin winder
shaft
4 Bobbin
1
Turn on the machine.
5
Fully insert the spool of thread for the
bobbin onto the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool
is horizontal and the thread unwinds to the
front at the bottom.
2
Place the bobbin on the bobbin winder
shaft so that the spring on the shaft fits
into the notch of the bobbin.
a
CAUTION
b
● If the spool is not positioned so that the
thread unwinds correctly, the thread
may become tangled around the spool
pin.
1 Notch
2 Spring on the shaft
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right
3 until it snaps into place.
4
6 With the slightly rounded side of the spool
cap positioned toward the left, slide the spool
cap onto the spool pin as far as possible to the
right so that the spool is moved to the right
end of the spool pin.
Swing up the spool pin, and then remove
the spool cap.
a
b
1 Spool pin
2 Spool cap
14
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9
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
c
b
a
1 Hook of the bobbin-winding thread guide
2 Pre-tension disk
1 Spool cap (small)
2 Spool (cross-wound thread)
3 Space
7
Pull the thread to the right, pass it under
the hook of the bobbin-winding thread
guide, and then wind the thread
counterclockwise between the discs,
pulling it in as far as possible.
0
While using your left hand to hold the
thread that was passed through the
bobbin-winding thread guide, use your
right hand to wind the end of the thread
clockwise around the bobbin five or six
times.
a
Pass the end of the thread through the slit
in the bobbin winder seat, and then pull
the thread to the right to cut it.
While holding the spool with your right
hand, pull the thread with your left hand,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide A.
1
1 Thread guide A
Pass the thread under the thread guide
8 cover from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled
out, and then pass the thread under the thread
guide B with your left hand.
a
1 Slit in bobbin winder seat (with built-in cutter)
X The thread is cut to a suitable length.
CAUTION
● Be sure to cut the thread as described. If
a
1 Thread guide B
15
the bobbin is wound without cutting the
thread using the cutter built into the slit
in the bobbin winder seat, the bobbin
may not be wound correctly. In addition,
the thread may become tangled in the
bobbin or the needle may bend or break
when the bobbin thread starts to run out.
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b
Press the foot controller to start.
Lower threading
1
Install the bobbin wound with thread.
CAUTION
● Make sure you turn off the machine
while threading. If you accidentally step
on the foot controller and the machine
starts to sew, you could be injured.
When the bobbin seems full and begins
c spinning slowly, take your foot off the foot
controller.
1
CAUTION
● When the bobbin winding becomes
slow, stop the machine, otherwise the
sewing machine may be damaged.
d
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder
shaft to the left, and then remove the
bobbin from the shaft.
Prepare the bobbin wound properly
before threading the lower thread.
• See page 13 for the details about bobbin
winding.
2
Raise the needle by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and raise the presser
foot lever.
3
Remove the bobbin cover by sliding it and
lift toward you.
1
Note
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle bar does not move when you
slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
1 Bobbin cover
Put the bobbin in so the thread comes out
4 in the direction shown by the arrow.
CAUTION
● Not winding the bobbin properly may
cause the thread tension to loosen, and
may break the needle.
CAUTION
● Make sure you set the bobbin so the
1
1 Wound evenly
2 Wound poorly
2
thread unrolls in the right direction. If
the thread unrolls in the wrong
direction, it may cause the thread
tension to be incorrect or break the
needle.
16
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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5
Hold the end of the thread, push the
bobbin down with your finger, and then
pass the thread through the slit, as shown.
7
Replace the bobbin cover. Put the
projection into the race retainer groove
and push closed.
• If the thread is not correctly inserted through
the tension-adjusting spring of the bobbin
case, it may cause incorrect thread tension.
1
2
1 Groove
2 Projection
• Start sewing after threading the lower and
upper thread. When sewing gathers or darts,
you can draw up the lower thread by hand so
that some thread will be left over. Refer to the
steps in “Drawing up the lower thread”
(page 22).
1
1 Tension-adjusting spring
6
While lightly holding down the bobbin
with your right hand as shown, guide the
thread through the slit (1 and 2). Then,
pull the thread toward you to cut it with
the cutter (3).
• At this time, check that the bobbin easily
rotates counterclockwise.
2
1
2
3
1
1 Slit
2 Cutter (Cut the thread with the cutter.)
17
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Upper threading
1
2 1
4
3
1
2
3
4
Spool pin
Thread guide
Thread take-up lever
Mark on the handwheel
CAUTION
● When threading the upper thread, carefully follow the instructions. If the upper threading is
not correct, the thread may become tangled or the needle may bend or break.
● Never use a thread weight of 20 or lower.
● Use the needle and the thread in the correct combination. For details on the correct
combination of needles and threads, refer to “FABRIC, THREAD, AND NEEDLE
COMBINATIONS” on page 24.
● The needle threader can be used with a 75/11 through 100/16 home sewing machine needle.
However, the needle threader cannot be used with a 65/9 home sewing machine needle.
When using special thread such as transparent nylon thread or metallic thread, the needle
threader cannot be used.
● Thread with a thickness of 130/120 or thicker cannot be used with the needle threader.
● The needle threader cannot be used with the wing needle or the twin needle.
1
Turn off the machine.
2
Raise the presser foot lever.
3
Raise the needle by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark on
the wheel points up.
• If the needle is not correctly raised, the
sewing machine can not be threaded.
1
1 Presser foot lever
1
1 Mark on the wheel
18
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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4
Swing up the spool pin, and then remove
the spool cap.
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
a
c
b
b
1 Spool pin
2 Spool cap
5
a
Fully insert the spool for the upper thread
onto the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool
is horizontal and the thread unwinds to the
front at the bottom.
1 Spool cap (small)
2 Spool (cross-wound thread)
3 Space
7
While holding the spool with your right
hand, pull the thread with your left hand,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide A.
CAUTION
● If the spool is not positioned so that the
thread unwinds correctly, the thread
may become tangled around the spool
pin and the thread or needle may break.
● If the spool cap that is used is smaller
than the spool, the thread may catch, for
example, on the notch in the spool, or
the needle may break.
6
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
1
1 Thread guide A
8
Pass the thread under the thread guide B
from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled
out, and then pass the thread under the thread
guide B with your left hand.
a
1 Thread guide B
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9
Thread the machine by guiding the thread
along the path indicated by the number
on the machine.
a
Put the thread behind the guide above the
needle.
• The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the
thread in your left hand, then feeding the
thread with your right hand.
1
0
Make sure you guide the thread through
the thread take-up lever from right to left
as shown in the following illustration.
1 Needle bar thread guide
1
1
1 Thread take-up lever
Memo
b
Lower the presser foot lever.
c
Make sure that the mark on the wheel
points up as shown in the following
illustration.
● If the thread take-up lever is lowered, the
upper thread can not be wrapped around
the thread take-up lever. Make sure you
raise the needle by turning the handwheel
toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up.
1
1 Mark on the wheel
20
1
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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d
While lowering the needle threader lever,
hook the thread onto the guide.
2
e
Pull down the needle threader lever as
much as possible, and then turn the lever
toward the back of the machine (away
from you). Make sure that the hook passes
through the eye of the needle and grabs
the thread.
1
1 Needle holder
2 Needle threader lever
1
2
1
12
1 Hook
2 Thread
3
1 Needle holder
2 Needle threader lever
3 Guide
21
• Hold the thread in front of the needle to
make sure that the hook grabs it.
f
While lightly holding the thread, turn the
needle threader lever toward the front of
the machine (toward you). The hook will
pull the thread through the needle.
g
Raise the needle threader lever.
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h
Pull the loop of the thread passed through
the eye of the needle toward the rear of
the machine.
j
Pass the end of the thread through the
presser foot, and then pull out about 5 cm
(2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the
machine.
1
1
1 Loop of thread
CAUTION
1 5 cm (2 inches)
● Be careful not to pull on the thread with
Note
force or it may bend the needle.
● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may
cause sewing problems.
● If the thread does not pass through the
eye of the needle, start from step
again.
c
Note
● Needle threader cannot be used when using
the twin needle. In this case, thread the
needle as described below.
i
Raise the presser foot lever.
Drawing up the lower
thread
You can begin sewing immediately without drawing up
the bobbin thread.
When sewing gathers or darts, you can draw up the
lower thread by hand so that some thread will be left
over. Before you draw up the lower thread, put the
bobbin back in.
1
Raise the presser foot lever.
2
Remove the bobbin cover, and then
reinstall the bobbin.
3
Pass the thread along the slit in the
direction of the arrow, and leave it there
without cutting it.
• The bobbin cover should still be removed.
22
1
KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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4
While lightly holding the end of the upper
thread, slowly turn the handwheel toward
you (counterclockwise) by hand to lower
and then raise the needle.
5
Pull on the upper thread to draw up the
lower thread.
1
2
1
2
1 Upper thread
2 Lower thread
6
Pull out about 10 cm (4 inch) of both
threads and put them toward the back of
the machine under the presser foot.
1
2
1 Upper thread
2 Lower thread
7
23
Replace the bobbin cover.
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FABRIC, THREAD, AND NEEDLE COMBINATIONS
Fabric Type/Application
Medium weight
fabrics
Thin fabrics
Thread
Broadcloth
Taffeta
Flannel, Gabardine
Lawn
Georgette
Challis, Satin
Type
Cotton thread
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
Cotton thread
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
Denim
Cotton thread
Corduroy
Tweed
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
50–60
Thread for knits
50–60
Thick fabrics
Stretch fabrics
Jersey
Tricot
Cotton thread
Easily frayed fabrics
For top-stitching
Synthetic thread
Size
60–90
1
Size of Needle
75/11–90/14
50
60–90
50
30
50
50–90
65/9–75/11
100/16
90/14–100/16
Ball point needle
75/11–90/14
(gold colored)
65/9–90/14
Silk thread
50
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
30
100/16
50–60
75/11–90/14
Note
● Never use a thread weighted #20 or lower. It may cause machine malfunction.
Memo
● The lower the thread number, the thicker the thread; and the higher the needle number, the thicker the
needle.
■ Ball point needle
Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur.
The factory recommended needle is “HG-4BR” (Organ). Schmetz needles “JERSEY BALL POINT” 130/705H SUK
90/14 may be used as a substitute.
■ Transparent nylon thread
Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle, regardless of the fabric or thread.
CAUTION
● Make sure you follow the needle, thread, and fabric combinations listed in the table.
Using the wrong combination, such as heavyweight fabric like denim with a small needle
(65/9-75/11), may bend or break the needle. The wrong combination may also cause the seam
to be uneven, the fabric to pucker, or the machine to skip stitches.
24
SEWING BASICS —
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2
SEWING BASICS
Please read before sewing
CAUTION
● To avoid being injured, watch the needle carefully while you are using the machine. Keep
your hands away from moving parts.
● Do not stretch or pull the fabric during sewing, otherwise the needle may be damaged and
you may be injured.
● Do not use bent or broken needles, otherwise you may be injured.
● Take care that the needle does not hit basting pins or other objects during sewing. The needle
may break and you may be injured.
● Always use the correct presser foot. If you use the wrong presser foot, the needle may hit the
presser foot and bend or break and you may be injured.
● When you turn the handwheel by hand, always turn it toward you (counterclockwise).
Turning it the other way may cause the thread to tangle and damage the needle or fabric, and
you may be injured.
● Do not start sewing without placing the fabric under the presser foot, otherwise the presser
foot may be damaged.
Starting sewing
1
5
Raise the presser foot lever.
Turn on the machine.
1
1 Presser foot lever
2
Raise the needle by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark on
the wheel points up.
3
Turn the pattern selection dial to select a
stitch (see page 9 - 12).
4
Change the presser foot (see page 8).
Place the fabric under the presser foot,
6 pass the thread under the presser foot,
and then pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of
thread toward the rear of the machine.
1
1 5 cm (2 inches)
25
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7
While holding the end of the thread and
the fabric with your left hand, turn the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) with your right hand
to lower the needle to the starting point of
the stitching.
Trial sewing
A trial piece of fabric should be sewn. Use a piece of
fabric and thread that are the same as those used for
your project, and check the thread tension and stitch
length and width.
Changing the sewing
direction
8
Lower the presser foot lever.
1 Presser foot lever
9
2
Stop the machine with the needle in the fabric at the
point where you want to change the sewing direction,
and then raise the presser foot lever. Using the needle
as a pivot, turn the fabric, lower the presser foot lever,
and then continue sewing.
1
1
2
Slowly press down on the foot controller.
Sewing thick fabrics
■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser
foot
X The machine starts sewing.
Take your foot off the foot controller.
0 X The machine stops sewing.
If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot,
raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the
presser foot to its highest position.
• You can use reverse sewing for back tacking
and reinforcing seams by pressing the reverse
sewing lever. Refer to “Reverse sewing lever”
on page 13 for the details.
a
Raise the needle by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise).
b
Raise the presser foot lever.
c
Pull the fabric to the left side of the
machine, and then pass the threads
through the thread cutter to cut them.
.
CAUTION
● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches)
thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed
with too much force, the needle may
bend or break.
1
1 Thread cutter
26
SEWING BASICS —
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Sewing thin fabrics
Note
When sewing thin fabrics, the stitching may become
misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. If this
occurs, place thin paper or stabilizer material under the
fabric and sew it together with the fabric. When you
have finished sewing, tear off any excess paper.
● When you are finished with free-arm
sewing, install the flat bed attachment back
in its original position.
2
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto
the arm, and then sew from the top.
1
1 Stabilizer material or paper
Sewing stretch fabrics
First, baste the pieces of fabric together, and then sew
without stretching the fabric.
Sewing with a twin needle
(Option)
We have designed your machine so you can sew with
this needle and two top threads. You can use the same
color or two different colors of thread for making
decorative stitches.
1
1 Basting
1 Twin needle
Stitching cylindrical
pieces
Removing the flat bed attachment makes it easier to sew
cylindrical pieces such as cuffs and pant legs, or hardto-reach areas.
1
Slide the flat bed attachment to the left to
release it.
2 Extra spool pin
CAUTION
● Use only twin needles that have been
made for this machine (part code:
X57521-021:2.0/75 with a 2 mm width).
Other needles could break and damage
the machine.
● Make sure that the needle does not strike
the presser foot.
● Do not sew with bent needles. The
needle could break and injure you.
■ Attaching the twin needle
1
1 Flat bed attachment
X With the flat bed attachment removed,
free-arm sewing is possible.
27
Attach the twin needle in the same way as a single
needle (see page 7–8). The flat side of the needle
should face toward the back and the rounded side
should face toward you.
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■ Attaching the extra spool pin
Insert the extra spool pin onto the end of the bobbin
winder shaft. Install the second thread spool onto
the extra spool pin.
3
1 Bobbin winder shaft
2 Extra spool pin
3 Thread spool
Thread the right needle.
Thread the right needle in the same way that
you threaded the left needle using the thread
from the spool on the extra spool pin, but do not
pass the thread through the guide above the
needle before you pass it through the eye of the
right needle.
3
1
2
2
1 Left needle thread passes through the needle
bar thread guide
2 Right needle thread passes in front of the needle
bar thread guide
3 Needle bar thread guide
■ Twin needle threading
You should thread each needle separately.
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
4 For details on changing the presser foot, refer
Note
● You cannot use the needle threader to
thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the
twin needle by hand, from front to back.
Using the needle threader may damage the
machine (see page 22).
Thread the upper thread for the right side
1 in the same way that the upper thread for
the left side was threaded.
1
to “Changing the presser foot” on page 8.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to
attach zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the
needle may break or the machine may be
damaged.
5
Turn on the machine.
6
Select a stitch.
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly
1 Thread guide
• For details, refer to step 1 through 0 of
“Upper threading” (page 18).
2
Thread the left needle.
turn the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the
needle does not touch the presser foot. If
the needle hits the presser foot, the
needle may bend or break.
● When using the twin needle, make sure
the stitch width is not set above “2.5”
since this may cause the needle to hit the
needle plate and break.
28
SEWING BASICS —
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Start sewing.
7 For details on starting to sew, refer to “Starting
■ Upper tension is too tight
Loops will appear on the surface of the fabric.
sewing” on page 25.
X Two lines of stitching are sewn parallel to
each other.
Note
● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too tight.
In this case, refer to “Lower threading” on
page 16 and rethread the bobbin thread.
Note
● When using the twin needle, the stitches
may become bunched together, depending
on the types of thread and fabric that are
used. If this occurs, increase the stitch
length. For details on adjusting the stitch
length, refer to “Stitch length dial” on
page 12.
2
1
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
Surface of fabric
Back of fabric
Upper thread
Lower thread
Loops appear on
surface of fabric
Solution
Reduce the tension by turning the upper tension
control dial to a lower number.
CAUTION
● When changing the sewing direction, be
sure to raise the needle from the fabric,
and then raise the presser foot lever and
turn the fabric. Otherwise the needle
may break or the machine may be
damaged.
■ Upper tension is too loose
Loops appear on the back of the fabric.
Note
● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded,
the upper thread may be too loose. In this
case, refer to “Upper threading” on page 18
and rethread the upper thread.
Thread tension
The tension of the thread will affect the quality of your
stitches. You may need to adjust it when you change
fabric or thread.
2
5
Memo
● We recommend that you do a test sample
on scrap of a fabric before you start to sew.
3
■ Correct tension
Correct tension is important as too much or too little
tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers
on your fabric.
2
1
3
29
4
1
1
2
3
4
Surface of fabric
Back of fabric
Upper thread
Lower thread
4
1
2
3
4
5
Surface of fabric
Back of fabric
Upper thread
Lower thread
Loops appear on back
of fabric
Solution
Increase the tension by turning the upper tension
control dial to a higher number.
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3
BUILT-IN STITCHES
We recommend that you sew using the Straight
Stitch at the beginning and end of zigzag stitches.
(This acts as a reinforcement stitch.)
Straight stitching
Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams.
Stitch Name
Pattern
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
37 27 [mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
2
Triple Stretch
Stitch
20
■ Satin stitch
1-4
(1/16-3/16)
Straight Stitch
15
6.5
(1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
■ Top stitching and stretch materials
You can use a straight stitch for top stitching and
sewing lightweight fabrics.
You can use a triple stretch stitch for sewing stretch
fabrics.
Setting the Zigzag Stitch length in the “F”-“1” range
produces a satin stitch (close zigzag stitch). The
Satin Stitch can be used for making buttonholes and
decorative stitches. Set the pattern selection dial to
the Zigzag Stitch, set the stitch length in the “F”-“1”
range, and set the stitch width dial between “3” and
“6.5”.
Blind hem stitching
Stitch Name
Pattern
Zigzag stitching
Stitch Name
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
Pattern
[mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
3
Zigzag Stitch
F-4
(1/64-3/16)
0-6.5
(0-1/4)
■ Zigzag stitch
Turn the pattern selection dial to the Zigzag Stitch,
and then start sewing.
Blind Hem
Stitch
Stretch Blind
Hem Stitch
4
7
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
[mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
F-2
(1/64-1/16)
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a
project, like the hem of a pair of trousers, without the
stitch showing. Blind Hem Stitch: sewing on non-stretch
fabrics. Stretch Blind Hem Stitch: for stretch fabrics.
Memo
● When the size of cylindrical pieces is too
small to slide onto the arm or the length is
too short, the fabric will not feed and
desired results may not be achieved.
1
Reverse the skirt or pants.
2
1
1
2
3
4
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Bottom side
Edge of fabric
3
4
30
3
BUILT-IN STITCHES —
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Fold the fabric along the desired edge of
the hem, and press.
2
2
4
1
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3
2
3
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
3
6
2
1
1 Wrong side of
fabric
2 Right side of
fabric
3 Basting
4 Edge of fabric
5 Desired edge of
hem
6 Basting point
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
4
5
4
1
1
from the side>
Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5
mm (3/16 inch) from the edge of the
fabric, and then baste it.
3
5
<Normal fabric>
3
<Seen
1 Wrong side of
fabric
2 Right side of
fabric
3 Edge of fabric
4 Desired edge of
hem
<Thick fabric>
2
1
Unfold the edge of fabric, and position the
fabric with the wrong side facing up.
5
6
1 Wrong side of
fabric
2 Right side of
fabric
3 Edge of fabric
4 Basting stitching
5 5 mm (3/16 inch)
6 Desired edge of
hem
6
Remove the flat bed attachment and make
free-arm sewing possible.
• For details on free-arm sewing, refer to
“Stitching cylindrical pieces” (Page 27).
7
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto
the arm, make sure that the fabric feeds
correctly, and then start sewing.
1
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
4
Fold back the fabric inside along the
basting.
2
5
4
1
6
3
1
1
7
1 Wrong side of
fabric
2 Edge of fabric
3 Basting
4 5 mm (3/16 inch)
5 Desired edge of
hem
6 Right side of
fabric
7 Basting point
1 Arm
After selecting a stitch, slowly turn the
8 handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) until the needle has
moved from the right side to the left.
9
Position the fabric under the presser foot,
and then adjust the stitch width until the
needle slightly catches the fold of the
hem.
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 Fold of hem
3 Needle drop point
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
1
2 3
1
2
3
31
1 Needle
2 Needle drop point
3 Fold of hem
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Stitch width
3
Sew at a slow speed.
1
1 Straight stitches
2 Zigzag stitches
0
Lower the presser foot lever.
a
Sew at a slow speed holding the fabric
with your hands, so that the needle
slightly catches the fold of the hem.
b
• For details on changing the stitch width, refer
to “Stitch width dial” on page 12.
Elastic stitching
Stitch Name
Pattern
Remove the basting stitching and turn the
fabric right side up.
6
Elastic Stitch
1
2
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
[mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
F-2.5
(1/64-3/32)
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
You can use the Elastic Stitch for mending, sewing
elastic or joining fabric. Each is explained below.
2
■ Mending
1 Wrong side of fabric
2 Right side of fabric
Shell Tuck
Stitch
2
Stitch
Stitch
Pattern
Length
Width
[mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
5
F-3
(1/64-1/8)
Place the reinforcement fabric under the
area you want to mend.
• Use the basting pins to hold the
reinforcement fabric.
Shell tuck stitching
Stitch Name
1
Following the line of the tear, sew using
the Elastic Stitch as shown.
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
The Shell Tuck Stitch can be used to sew a picot (lacelike) edge on lightweight fabric.
1
Adjust the thread tension so that it is
tighter than normal.
2
Place the fabric under the presser foot so
that it will be sewn along the bias, with
the straight stitches sewn on the seamline
and the zigzag stitches sewn slightly over
the folded edge.
■ Sewing elastic
1
Pin the elastic tape to the wrong side of
the fabric.
2
As you sew, stretch the elastic in front of
and behind the presser foot.
32
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■ Joining fabric
Example: Patchwork with Double Action Stitch
You can use the Elastic Stitch to join two pieces of
fabric together and it is very effective when sewing
knitted fabrics. If you are using nylon thread, the
stitch will not be visible.
1
Put the edge of the two pieces of fabric
together and center them under the
presser foot.
2
Sew them together using the Elastic Stitch.
Make sure you keep the two fabric edges
close together.
1
2
3
1 Desired seamline
2 Straight Stitch
3 Double Action Stitch
• Use the basting pins to hold the two fabric
edges close together.
Fagoting
Stitch Name
Fagoting
Stitch
Decorative
Stitch
Double action stitching
Stitch Name
Pattern
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
37 27 [mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
9
Double Action
Stitch
10
27
22
28
23
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
Use an iron to fold the two pieces of
fabric along their seams.
2
Baste the two pieces of fabric, separated
by about 2 mm (1/16 inch), onto thin
paper or a sheet of water-soluble
stabilizer.
4
Rampart Stitch
Decorative
Hem Stitch
1
29
24
2
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
1
2
3
4
These stitches are used for joining two pieces of fabric,
such as when making patchwork.
3
33
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
1
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
11
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
37 27 [mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
These stitches are used to join two pieces of fabric
while leaving a space between their edges. This stitch is
more decorative when thicker thread is used.
F-3
(1/64-1/8)
Bridging Stitch
Pattern
3
Thin paper or water soluble stabilizer
Draw a line down the middle
Basting stitching
2 mm (1/16 inch)
Set the stitch width to “5”.
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4
Sew with the center of the presser foot
aligned along the center of the two pieces
of fabric.
5
After sewing is finished, remove the paper
and the basting stitches.
Elastic Shell
Tuck Stitch
Elastic Overlock
Stitch
Put the fabric under the presser foot so
that the seamline (or arrowhead point) is
approximately 3 mm (1/8 inch) to the left
of the center of the presser foot.
• If the seam allowance is wider than the stitch
pattern, trim away any excess fabric after
stitching.
Overedge stitching
Stitch Name
1
Pattern
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
37 27 [mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
12
F-3
(1/64-1/8)
22
17
23
18
25
20
Memo
● When sewing the Elastic Overlock Stitch,
position the fabric so that its edge is on the
left of the needle.
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
Comb Stitch
These stitches are used to join together seams and finish
them in one operation. Elastic Overlock Stitch: for
sewing stretch materials.
34
3
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Feather stitching
Stitch Name
Decorative stitching
Pattern
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
37 27 [mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
24
19
Feather Stitch
Pattern
37 27
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
Place the fabric right side up and sew
1 cm (1/2 inch) from the edge of the
fabric.
unravelling.
19
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26
21
14
30
25
31
26
32
27
Bead Stitch
Arrowhead
Stitch
Parallelogram
Stitch
15
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16
—
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18
Square Stitch
Link Stitch
—
34
—
35
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
37 27 [mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
Decorative
Stitch
33
17
Lightning Stitch
Pattern
37 27
—
Scallop Stitch
Triple zigzag stretch
stitching
Pattern
Scallop Stitch
Trim close to the stitching.
2 The stitch will prevent the fabric from
Stitch Name
Stitch Name
8
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
Use the Feather Stitch as a decorative top stitch when
embroidering or when hemming blankets, tablecloths,
or draperies.
1
Stitch Name
—
36
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37
Triple Zigzag
Stretch Stitch
21
16
Fixed
2.5 (3/32)
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
This stitch can be used wherever a zigzag stitch would
be used to sew heavyweight stretch fabrics. The Triple
Zigzag Stretch Stitch can also be used as a decorative
top stitch.
35
—
These stitches can be used for decorative top stitching
and for smocking. Refer to page 10-11 for the
recommended stitch width and length of each stitches.
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4
SEWING BUTTONHOLES AND BUTTONS
■ Making a buttonhole
CAUTION
● Always turn off the machine before
1
Using tailor’s chalk, mark the position and
length of the buttonhole on the fabric.
replacing the presser foot. Otherwise,
injuries may occur if the foot controller
is accidentally pressed and the machine
starts sewing.
2
1
Making a buttonhole
(1-step automatic
buttonhole)
Pattern
1
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
[mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
3-5
(1/8-3/16)
(Dial 4-7)
1 Marks on fabric
2 Buttonhole sewing
Foot
Buttonhole foot
“A”
2
Attach the buttonhole foot “A” and set
the pattern selection dial to Buttonhole.
3
Open the button plate and insert the
button.
4
1
Making a buttonhole is a simple process that provides
reliable results.
With the 1-step Automatic Buttonhole Stitch pattern, a
buttonhole is sewn by automatically changing the
sewing direction when the buttonhole lever and
buttonhole foot are used.
Note
● When sewing a stitch pattern other than for
a buttonhole, do not lower, touch or move
the buttonhole lever, otherwise the stitching
may become misaligned or sewn
incorrectly.
1 Button plate
■ If the button does not fit in the button guide
plate
Add together the diameter and thickness of the
button, and then set the button guide plate to the
calculated length. (The distance between the
markings on the presser foot scale is 5 mm (3/16
inch).)
Memo
● We recommend that you practice making a
buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric before
you try it on an actual garment.
● When making buttonholes on soft fabrics,
place a stabilizer material on the underside
of the fabric.
1
2
3
1 Presser foot scale
2 Length of buttonhole
(Diameter + thickness of button)
3 5 mm (3/16 inch)
36
SEWING BUTTONHOLES AND BUTTONS —
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Example: For a button with a diameter of 15 mm (9/16
inch) and a thickness of 10 mm (3/8 inch), the button
guide plate should be set to 25 mm (1 inch) on the
scale.
7
While gently holding the upper thread,
start the machine.
8
The bar tacks of the buttonhole are sewn
in the order shown.
1
2
1 10 mm (3/8 inch)
2 15 mm (9/16 inch)
4
Pass the upper thread down through the
hole in the presser foot.
3
2
4
1
You need to sew the front bar tack first.
5 Lower the presser foot to align the marks
on the foot with the mark on the fabric.
Stop the machine when buttonhole
9 stitching is finished.
1
Note
● If buttonhole sewing was interrupted, sew
trial stitching one or two times on a scrap
piece of fabric before continuing to sew the
project. Stitching that is continued after
being interrupted may be sewn incorrectly.
● If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric
does not feed, sew with the coarser (longer)
stitch.
2
1 Starting mark on the fabric
2 Marks on the foot
6
Lower the buttonhole lever and push it
back slightly.
1
1 Buttonhole lever
0
Raise the needle and the presser foot
lever, remove the fabric, and cut the
thread.
a
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
position.
b
Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole
stitching to prevent the stitching from
being cut, and then use a seam ripper to
cut towards the pin and open the
buttonhole.
2
1 Seam ripper
2 Pin
37
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CAUTION
Adjusting buttonholes
● When opening the buttonhole with the
seam ripper, do not place your hands in
the cutting path, otherwise injuries may
result if the seam ripper slips. Do not use
the seam ripper in any other way than
how it is intended.
■ Making a buttonhole on stretch fabrics
When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabric, the
buttonhole stitching is sewn over a gimp thread.
1
Follow steps
to from “Making a
buttonhole” on page 36.
2
Hook the gimp thread onto the back end
of the buttonhole foot, bring the two gimp
thread ends to the front of the foot, insert
them into the grooves, and then
temporarily tie them there.
1
If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not
the same, you can make the following adjustments.
1
Set the stitch length dial between “F” and
“1.5” and sew the buttonhole on a scrap
piece of fabric to observe how the
material is fed.
2
If the right side of the buttonhole is too
open or tight, adjust the feeding of the
material with the stitch length dial.
1
6
2
3
4
1 Right side
2 Shorter
3 Longer
Set the stitch width to match the diameter
3 of the gimp thread.
4
Start sewing.
3
After obtaining a satisfactory feed on the
right side, stitch the buttonhole and
observe the feeding.
4
If the left side is too open or tight
compared with the right side, adjust the
buttonhole fine-adjustment screw as
described in the following paragraphs.
2
1
5
Once sewing is completed, gently pull the
gimp thread to remove any slack, and
then trim off the excess.
3
3
1 Buttonhole fine-adjustment screw
2 Left side
3 Buttonhole appearance
38
SEWING BUTTONHOLES AND BUTTONS —
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If the left side is too open, turn the buttonhole
fine-adjustment screw with a large
screwdriver in the “–” direction.
If the left side is too tight, turn the buttonhole
fine-adjustment screw with a large
screwdriver in the “+” direction.
6
Put a button between the foot and the
fabric and make sure that the needle enters
the holes without hitting the button. If it
hits, see step .
1
• This adjustment ensures both sides of the
buttonhole are the same.
Sewing buttons
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Pattern
Name
[mm
(inch)]
Zigzag
Stitch
1
3
F
(1/64)
7
Stitch
Width
[mm
(inch)]
Foot
Any
Button sewing
foot “M”
Measure the distance between the
buttonholes and mark the fabric. Then
adjust the stitch width so that it is the
same as the distance between the holes in
the button.
CAUTION
● Make sure the needle does not hit the
button during sewing. The needle may
break and you may be injured.
8
2
Pull the upper thread at the end of the
stitching to the wrong side of the fabric,
and then tie it with the bobbin thread.
X Use scissors to cut the upper thread and
the bobbin thread at the beginning of the
stitching.
Raise the presser foot lever, and then slide
the feed dog position switch to
At a slow speed, sew about 10 stitches.
(see
page 13).
3
Turn off the machine.
4
Change the foot to the button sewing foot
“M”.
5
Turn on the machine.
9
When you are finished attaching the
button, slide the feed dog position switch
to
(see page 13), and turn the
handwheel to raise the dogs.
Memo
● The feed dog position switch is normally set
to the right side.
● The feed dogs come up when you start
sewing again.
39
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5
USING ATTACHMENTS AND
APPLICATIONS
2
CAUTION
● Always turn off the machine before
replacing the presser foot. Otherwise,
injuries may occur if the foot controller
is accidentally pressed and the machine
starts sewing.
CAUTION
● Turn the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the
needle does not touch the zipper foot
before you start sewing. Choosing a
different stitch will cause the needle to
hit the presser foot and break, and you
may be injured.
Zipper insertion
Stitch
Name
Pattern
2
Straight
Stitch
Stitch
Stitch
Length
Width
[mm (inch)] [mm (inch)]
2-3
(1/16-1/8)
3.5
(Center)
Foot
Zipper
foot “I”
3
Turn on the machine.
4
With the right side of the fabric facing up,
continue sewing with the zipper on the
right side of the presser foot.
You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of
zippers, and can easily position it to the right or left side
of the needle.
When sewing with the zipper on the right side, attach
the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. When sewing
with the zipper on the left side, attach the shank to the
right pin of the zipper foot.
2
13
2
3
4
1 Right pin for sewing with the zipper on the left
side
2 Left pin for sewing with the zipper on the right
side
3 Needle drop point for sewing with the zipper
on the left side
4 Needle drop point for sewing with the zipper
on the right side
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
1
3
2
3
• Sew the stitching in order, from 1 to 3.
CAUTION
● Make sure the needle does not hit the
zipper during sewing. If the needle hits
the zipper, the needle may break and
you may be injured.
Prepare the fabric with the zipper basted
1 on the wrong side.
1
5
1
1 End of zipper opening
2 Basting stitching
3 Zipper
I
1
2
Turn off the machine.
Attach the zipper foot “I”.
5
When you have finished sewing, remove
the basting stitching.
5
4
Basting stitching
Reverse stitches
Wrong side of fabric
End of zipper opening
Zipper
40
USING ATTACHMENTS AND APPLICATIONS —
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Gathering
Stitch Name
Note
Pattern
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
2
Straight Stitch
● Sew while holding the fabric stretched in
order to keep the fabric held down.
4 (3/16)
1
Loosen the tension of the upper thread so
that the lower thread lies on the underside
of the material.
2
Sew a single row (or many rows) of
straight stitches.
3
Pull the lower threads to gather the
material.
6
Repeat this motion until the section being
darned is filled with parallel lines of stitching.
7
When you are finished darning, slide the
feed dog position switch to
(see
page 13), and turn the handwheel to raise
the dogs.
Memo
● The feed dog position switch is normally set
to the right side.
● The feed dogs come up when you start
sewing again.
Darning
Stitch Name
Appliqués
Pattern
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Stitch
Name
2
Straight Stitch
1
Any
Raise the presser foot lever, and then slide
the feed dog position switch to
(see
page 13).
Remove both the presser foot and presser
2 foot holder assembly and then lower the
presser foot lever.
3
Put the section you want to darn under
the presser foot together with fabric for
reinforcement.
4
Turn on the machine.
5
Begin sewing by alternating between
gently drawing the work away from you
and pulling it toward you.
41
Zigzag
Stitch
Pattern
3
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
F-2
(1/64-1/16)
Any
You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece
of fabric into a shape and applying it as a decoration.
1
Baste the cut design to the fabric.
2
Carefully sew around the edge of the
design with a zigzag stitch.
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■ When sewing seams
Using the blind stitch foot
Stitch
Name
Straight
Stitch
Zigzag
Stitch
Blind
Hem
Stitch
Stretch
Blind
Hem
Stitch
Pattern
4
7
Turn off the machine.
Stitch Length
[mm (inch)]
Stitch Width
[mm (inch)]
2
Attach the blind stitch foot.
Turn on the machine.
Any
Any
3
Set the pattern selection dial to the
Straight Stitch, and then set the stitch
width at “2.5” (3/32 inch) (center). Align
the foot guide with the needle position.
1-4
(1/16-3/16)
0-6.5
(0-1/4)
4
Set the pattern selection dial to the Zigzag
Stitch.
F-2
(1/64-1/16)
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
5
Place the fabric under the foot so the foot
guide is aligned between both edges of the
fabric.
3-6.5
(1/8-1/4)
6
Lower the presser foot and start sewing.
F-1.5
(1/64-1/16)
2
3
1
This foot comes in handy not only for blind hem
stitching, but also for sewing fabric edges and seams.
■ When edge stitching
1
Turn off the machine.
2
Attach the blind stitch foot.
Turn on the machine.
Position the needle the distance you want
3 the stitch to be from the edge of the
fabric, and then lower the needle in that
position.
4
Turn the foot guide screw and carefully
adjust to guide the fabric.
■ When blind hem stitching
When blind hem stitching using the blind stitch
foot, turn the screw to adjust the guide to the folded
hem.
• For more details on blind hem stitching, see
page 30.
1
1
2
2
3
2
1
1 Screw
2 Guide
3 Folded hem
1 Screw
2 Guide
42
5
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6
APPENDIX
MAINTENANCE
Restrictions on oiling
In order to prevent damaging this machine, it must not
be oiled by the user.
This machine was manufactured with the necessary
amount of oil applied to ensure correct operation,
making periodic oiling unnecessary.
1
Turn off the machine and unplug it.
2
Raise the needle and the presser foot.
3
Loosen the presser foot screw and the
needle clamp screw to remove the presser
foot holder and the needle.
4
Using a disc-shaped screwdriver, remove
the two screws. Lift up the needle plate as
shown in the illustration, and then slide
the needle plate to the left to remove it.
If problems occur, such as difficulty turning the
handwheel or an unusual noise, immediately stop using
the machine, and contact your authorized dealer or the
nearest authorized service center.
Precautions on storing the
machine
Do not store the machine in any of the locations
described below, otherwise damage to the machine
may result, for example, rust caused by condensation.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Exposed to extremely high temperatures
Exposed to extremely low temperatures
Exposed to extreme temperature changes
Exposed to high humidity or steam
Near a flame, heater or air conditioner
Outdoors or exposed to direct sunlight
Exposed to extremely dusty or oily environments
Note
● In order to extend the life of this machine,
periodically turn it on and use it.
Storing this machine for an extended period
of time without using it may reduce its
efficiency.
Cleaning
CAUTION
● Make sure you unplug the machine
before you clean it, otherwise you risk
getting an electric shock or being
injured.
43
1
1 Use a disc-shaped screwdriver
Grasp the bobbin case, and then lift it out
5 to the left.
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6
Use the cleaning brush or a vacuum
cleaner to remove any dust from the race
and its surrounding area.
8
Install the needle plate, and then tighten
the screws.
1
1
2
1 Cleaning brush
2 Race
1 Screws
• Do not apply oil to the bobbin case.
• Make sure that you install the needle plate
securely.
Insert the bobbin case so that the ▲ mark
7 on the bobbin case aligns with the ● mark
on machine as shown below.
CAUTION
● Never use a bobbin case that is
1
1
2
2
• Align the ▲ and ● marks.
scratched; otherwise the upper thread
may become tangled, the needle may
break, or sewing performance may
suffer. For a new bobbin case (part code:
XE9326-001), contact your nearest
authorized service center.
● Make sure that you fit the bobbin case
properly, otherwise the needle may
break.
6
3
1 ▲ mark
2 ● mark
3 Bobbin case
• Make sure that the indicated points are
aligned before installing the bobbin case.
44
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TROUBLESHOOTING
If the machine stops operating correctly, check the following possible problems before requesting service. You can
solve most problems by yourself. If you need additional help, the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and
troubleshooting tips. Visit us at “ http://solutions.brother.com ”. If the problem persists, contact your dealer or the
nearest authorized service center.
Symptom
Possible cause
The sewing
machine does
not work.
Fabric being
sewn with the
machine
cannot be
removed.
The needle
breaks.
The upper
thread
breaks.
▼
45
How to put it right
Page
The main power switch is turned off.
Turn on the main power switch.
7
The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the
right.
Move the bobbin winder shaft to the
left.
14
You have not used the foot controller
properly.
Use the foot controller properly.
7
Thread is tangled below the needle plate.
Lift up the fabric and cut the threads
below it, and clean the race.
43
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
7
The needle clamp screw is loose.
Use a disc-shaped screwdriver to firmly
tighten the screw.
8
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
7
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly.
Correct the upper threading.
18
You have not used the right combination of
fabric, thread and needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
24
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that you
want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
–
The upper thread tension is too tight.
Loosen the upper thread tension.
You are pulling the fabric too much.
Lightly guide the fabric.
You have not fitted the spool properly.
Fit the spool properly.
The area around the hole in the needle
plate or the presser foot is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The bobbin case is scratched.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
You have not used a bobbin that has been
designed for this machine.
Use a bobbin that has been designed
for this machine.
13
You have not threaded the upper thread
properly. (For example, you have not fitted
the spool properly, or the thread has come
out of the guide above the needle.)
Correct the upper threading.
18
There are knots or tangles in the thread.
Remove any knots or tangles.
–
The needle is not appropriate for the thread
you are using.
Choose a needle that is appropriate for
the type of stitch.
24
The upper thread tension is too tight.
Loosen the upper thread tension.
29
29
–
14, 27
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Symptom
Possible cause
▲
The upper
thread
breaks.
The lower
thread is
tangled or
breaks.
The thread
tension is
incorrect.
The fabric is
wrinkled.
▼
How to put it right
Page
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
7
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
7
The area around the hole in the needle
plate or the presser foot is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The bobbin case is scratched, or has a burr
on it.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
You have not used a bobbin that has been
designed for this machine.
Use a bobbin that has been designed for
this machine.
13
You have not wound the bobbin thread
properly.
Wind the bobbin thread properly.
13
The bobbin is scratched or does not turn
smoothly.
Replace the bobbin.
–
The thread is tangled.
Remove the tangled thread and clean
the race.
43
You have not used a bobbin that has been
designed for this machine.
Use a bobbin that has been designed for
this machine.
13
Bobbin is set incorrectly.
Reset the bobbin thread correctly.
16
You have not threaded the upper thread
properly.
Correct the upper threading.
18
You have not wound the bobbin thread
properly.
Wind the bobbin thread properly.
13
You have not threaded the right
combination of thread and needle for the
fabric you are using.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
24
You have not attached the presser foot
holder properly.
Attach the presser foot holder properly.
–
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper thread.
29
You have not used a bobbin that has been
designed for this machine.
Use a bobbin that has been designed
for this machine.
13
Bobbin is set incorrectly.
Reset the bobbin thread correctly.
16
You have not threaded the upper thread
properly or fitted the bobbin properly.
Thread the upper thread and wind the
bobbin thread properly.
13-22
You have not fitted the spool properly.
Fit the spool properly.
14, 27
You have not used the right
combination of fabric, thread and
needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
24
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
7
If thin fabrics are being sewn, the fabric is
not being fed correctly.
Sew with stabilizer material under the
fabric.
27
If thin fabrics are being sewn, the stitch is
too coarse.
Shorten the stitch length.
12
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that you
want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
40
6
46
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Symptom
▲
The fabric is
wrinkled.
Stitches are
skipped.
The needle
threader can
not be used.
The stitch is
not sewn
correctly.
Possible cause
How to put it right
Page
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper thread.
29
You have not threaded the upper thread
properly.
Correct the upper threading.
18
You have not used the right combination of
fabric, thread and needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
24
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
7
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
7
Dust has accumulated under the needle
plate or in the bobbin case.
Remove the needle plate and clean the
plate and the bobbin case.
43
The needle has not been raised to the
correct position.
Raise the needle by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark on
the wheel points up.
20
You have not inserted the needle properly.
Insert the needle properly.
7
The presser foot that you are using is not
correct for the type of stitch.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
–
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper thread.
29
The thread is tangled.
Remove the tangled thread. If the
thread is tangled in the bobbin case,
clean the bobbin case.
43
The stitch is too fine.
The feed dogs are lowered.
The fabric
does not feed.
A highpitched sound
is produced
while sewing.
A rattling
noise is
produced.
47
Lengthen the stitch length.
Slide the feed dog position switch to
.
–
13
You have not used the right combination of
fabric, thread and needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
24
The thread is tangled, for example, in the
race.
Remove the tangle thread. If the thread
is tangled in the race, clean the race.
43
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that you
want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
40
Dust has accumulated in the feed dogs or
in the bobbin case.
Clean the bobbin case.
43
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INDEX
Numerics
1-Step Automatic Buttonhole .................. 5 36
A
Accessories ...................................................4
optional ....................................................4
Appliqués ...................................................41
B
Blind hem stitching .....................................30
Blind stitch foot ...........................................42
Bobbin winding ..........................................13
Button sewing .............................................39
Buttonhole
adjusting ................................................38
making ...................................................36
Buttonhole fine-adjustment screw .................38
C
Cleaning ....................................................43
Connecting plugs ..........................................6
D
Darning ......................................................41
Decorative stitching ....................................35
Double action stitching ...............................33
Drawing up the lower thread .......................22
E
Elastic stitching ...........................................32
F
Fabric, thread, and needle combinations .......24
Fagoting .....................................................33
Feather stitching ..........................................35
Feed dog position switch .............................13
Feed dogs ...................................................13
Flat bed attachment .......................................5
Foot controller ..............................................7
Free-arm style .............................................27
G
Gathering ...................................................41
H
Handwheel .................................................18
L
Light switch ..................................................7
Lower threading ..........................................16
quick-set bobbin .............................. 16 22
M
Main parts ....................................................5
Main power ..................................................7
Maintenance ..............................................43
N
Needle
checking ..................................................7
combinations with fabric and thread .........24
replacing ..................................................7
Needle threader ..........................................21
O
Overedge stitching ......................................34
,
P
Pattern selection dial .................................... 9
Patterns ..................................................... 10
Presser foot changing .................................... 8
Q
Quick-set bobbin .................................16 22
R
Race cleaning ............................................ 43
Reverse sewing lever .................................. 13
S
Satin stitch ................................................. 30
Shell tuck stitching ..................................... 32
Spool cap ............................................14 19
Spool pin ................................................... 18
extra ...................................................... 28
Stitch length dial ........................................ 12
Stitch width dial ......................................... 12
Stitches
built-in .................................................. 30
names .................................................... 10
Straight stitching ......................................... 30
Stretch stitching ............................................ 9
T
Thread cutter ............................................. 26
Thread tension ........................................... 29
Threading
lower ..................................................... 16
needle threader ...................................... 21
twin needle ............................................ 28
upper ..................................................... 18
Triple zigzag stretch stitching ...................... 35
Troubleshooting ......................................... 45
Twin needle
attaching ............................................8 27
sewing ................................................... 27
U
Upper tension control dial ........................... 29
Upper threading ......................................... 18
Z
Zigzag stitching .......................................... 30
Zipper insertion .......................................... 40
,
,
,
,
48
XF1764-001
English
885-X36/X38
Printed in China