Operating instructions | Bryant 362AAN Furnace User Manual

installation, start-up,
and operating instructions
362AAN
Series B
LOW-BOY
OIL-FIRED FURNACE
Cancels:
II 362A-105-1
8-96
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
NOTE: Read the entire instruction manual before starting the
installation.
This symbol → indicates a change since the last issue.
Index
II 362A-75-1
FOR YOUR SAFETY
Page
DO NOT STORE OR USE GASOLINE OR
OTHER FLAMMABLE VAPORS AND LIQUIDS IN THE VICINITY OF THIS OR ANY
OTHER APPLIANCE.
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS..................................................1-2
Minimum Clearance to Combustibles......................................2
INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................2
LOCATION ................................................................................2-3
Air for Combustion and Ventilation.....................................2-3
Duct Work Recommendations..................................................3
VENTING INSTRUCTIONS ........................................................4
Pre-Installation Vent System Inspection ..................................4
Masonry Chimney.....................................................................4
Factory-Built Chimneys............................................................4
Horizontal Venting....................................................................4
OIL BURNER ................................................................................4
OIL CONNECTIONS ....................................................................4
BAROMETRIC DRAFT CONTROL ...........................................4
ELECTRICAL................................................................................5
FILTERS ........................................................................................5
OPERATIONAL CHECKOUT..................................................5-6
Start-Up .....................................................................................5
Recommended Installation Practices and
Combustion Check ...........................................................5-6
Fan Adjustment Check .............................................................6
Limit Control Check.................................................................6
For Year-Round Air Conditioning ...........................................6
Heating ......................................................................................6
Cooling ......................................................................................6
Constant Blower Switch ...........................................................6
MAINTENANCE......................................................................6-11
General ......................................................................................6
Oil Burner ..............................................................................6-7
Heat Exchanger and Flue Pipe..............................................7-8
Blower Oiling and Removal.....................................................8
Keeping Filters Clean ...............................................................8
Airflow Data .............................................................................8
Dimensional Drawing ...............................................................9
Barometric Damper Locations................................................10
Wiring Diagram ......................................................................11
USER’S INFORMATION ...........................................................12
Here’s How Your Heating System Works ............................12
Preparing Your Furnace For Operation .................................12
Lighting Your Furnace ...........................................................12
Turning Off Your Furnace .....................................................12
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START THE BURNER
WHEN EXCESS OIL HAS ACCUMULATED,
WHEN THE FURNACE IS FULL OF VAPOR,
OR WHEN THE COMBUSTION CHAMBER IS
VERY HOT.
→
→
WARNING: For use with grade 2 Fuel Oil maximum.
Do not use Gasoline, Crankcase Oil, or any Oil containing Gasoline! Failure to follow this warning could lead to
sooting, fire, explosion, and/or severe bodily harm.
CAUTION: Never burn garbage or paper in the heating
system and never leave rags, paper, or any flammable
items around the unit.
CAUTION: These instructions are intended to be used
by qualified personnel who have been trained in installing
this type of furnace. Installation of this furnace by an
unqualified person may lead to equipment damage and/or
a hazardous condition which may lead to bodily harm.
All local and national code requirements governing installation of
oil burning equipment, wiring, and flue connections must be
followed. Some of the codes (issued by the Canadian Standards
Association, the National Fire Protection Agency, and/or the
American National Standards Institute) that may be applicable are:
ANSI/NFPA 31
INSTALLATION OF OIL BURNING
EQUIPMENT
—1—
ANSI/NFPA 211
CHIMNEYS, FIREPLACES, VENTS,
AND SOLID FUEL BURNING
APPLIANCES
ANSI/NFPA 90B
WARM AIR HEATING AND AIR
CONDITIONING SYSTEMS
ANSI/NFPA 70
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
CSA B139
INSTALLATION CODE FOR
OIL BURNING EQUIPMENT
CSA C22.1
CANADIAN ELECTRICAL CODE
Only the latest issues of above codes should be used, and are
available from either The National Fire Protection Agency, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269 or The Canadian Standards
Association, 178 Rexdale Blvd., Rexdale, Ontario M9W 1R3
.
Recognize safety information. This is the safety-alert symbol
When you see this symbol on the furnace and in instructions or
manuals, be alert to the potential for personal injury.
Understand the signal words DANGER, WARNING, and CAUTION. These words are used with the safety-alert symbol. DANGER identifies the most serious hazards which will result in severe
personal injury or death. WARNING signifies a hazard which
could result in personal injury or death. CAUTION is used to
identify unsafe practices which would result in minor personal
injury or product and property damage.
In a basement or when installed on the floor, it is recommended
that unit be installed on a concrete pad that is 1- to 2-in. thick.
On dirt floors, furnace may be installed on concrete blocks. Place
blocks under all 4 corners and under center of furnace. Center
block 22 in. from back of furnace forward.
The required minimum clearances for this furnace are specified in
Table 1.
The furnace should be located as close as possible to chimney or
vent in order to keep vent connections short and direct. The
furnace should also be located as near as possible to center of air
distribution system.
I.
AIR FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION
WARNING: Installation of this furnace in an area where
it will receive contaminated combustion air must be
avoided. Such contamination would include the following: ammonia, chlorine, hydrogen sulfide, halogenated
hydrocarbons, carbon tetrachloride, cleaning solvents,
hydrochloric acid, water softening chemicals, and similar
chemicals. Failure to follow this warning will lead to
premature rusting of heat exchanger and possible premature furnace failure and/or vent failure which could result
in fire hazard and/or bodily harm.
TABLE 1—MINIMUM CLEARANCES TO COMBUSTIBLE
MATERIALS (IN.)
UNIT APPLICATION
LOW-BOY
Furnace
0
Sides Supply Plenum and Warm-Air Duct Within 6 ft
1
of Furnace
Back
0
Furnace Casing or Plenum
2
Top
Horizontal Warm-Air Duct Within 6 ft of
2
Furnace
Bottom
0*
4
Flue Horizontally or Below Pipe
Pipe Vertically Above Pipe
8
Front
8
→ This furnace should be installed in a location in which facilities for
ventilation permit satisfactory combustion of oil, proper venting,
and maintenance of ambient temperature at safe limits under
normal conditions of use. The location should not interfere with
proper circulation of air within the confined space. (See NFPA-31,
Section 1.5.)
In addition to air needed for combustion, process air shall be
provided as required for: cooling of equipment or material,
controlling dew point, heating, drying, oxidation or dilution, safety
exhaust, and odor control.
In addition to air needed for combustion, air shall be supplied for
ventilation, including all air required for comfort and proper
working conditions for personnel.
The barometric draft regulator (included with furnace) shall be
installed in same room or enclosure as furnace in such a manner as
to prevent any difference in pressure between regulator and
combustion-air supply.
Air requirements for operation of exhaust fans, kitchen ventilation
systems, clothes dryers, and fireplaces shall be considered in
determining the adequacy of a space to provide combustion-air
requirements.
→ In unconfined spaces in buildings of conventional frame, brick, or
stone construction, infiltration MAY be adequate to provide air for
combustion, ventilation, and dilution of flue gases. This determination must be made on an individual installation basis and must
take into consideration the overall volume of unconfined space, the
number of windows and ventilation openings, the number of doors
to the outside, internal doors which can close off unconfined space,
and overall tightness of building construction. Consideration must
also be given to the amount of storage items (furniture, boxes, etc.)
within the unconfined space which take away from the air volume.
Many new buildings and homes (and older ones that have been
weatherized) MUST BE considered as being of tight construction,
therefore, infiltration will not be sufficient to supply necessary air
for combustion and ventilation.
A building can be considered as being of tight construction when:
* Floor may be combustible.
NOTE: Adequate service clearance should be provided over and above these
dimensions as required.
INTRODUCTION
model 362AAN Furnaces are available in sizes 105,000
through 155,000 Btuh input capacities.
The furnace is shipped as a packaged unit, complete with burner
and controls. It requires a line voltage (115 vac) connection to
control box, a thermostat hook-up as shown on wiring diagram, oil
line connection(s), adequate duct work, and connection to a
properly sized vent.
The air handling capacity of this furnace is designed for cooling
airflow. Refer to Table 5 for expected airflows at various external
duct static pressures.
→ The
LOCATION
WARNING: This furnace is not water tight and is not
designed for outdoor installation. This furnace shall be
installed in such a manner as to protect electrical components from water. Outdoor installation would lead to a
hazardous electrical condition and to premature furnace
failure.
WARNING: Do not use this furnace as a construction
heater. Use of this furnace as a construction heater
exposes furnace to abnormal conditions, contaminated
combustion air, and lack of air filters. Failure to follow
this warning can lead to premature furnace failure and/or
vent failure which could result in a fire hazard and/or
bodily harm.
1. Walls and ceilings exposed to outside atmosphere have a
continuous water vapor retarder with a rating of 1 perm or
less with openings gasketed or sealed, and/or
2. Weatherstripping has been added on operable windows and
doors, and/or
This furnace is approved for reduced clearances to combustible
construction, therefore, it may be installed in a closet or similar
enclosure. It may be located in a basement or on the same level as
area to be heated. In any case, unit should always be installed level.
—2—
3. Caulking or sealants are applied to areas such as joints
around window and door frames; between sole plates and
floors; between wall-ceiling joints; between wall panels; at
penetrations for plumbing, electrical, and fuel lines; and at
other openings.
If combustion and ventilation air must be supplied to an unconfined space from outside, an opening with a FREE AREA of not
less than 1 sq in. per 1000 Btuh of total input of all appliances
within unconfined space (but not less than 100 sq in.) must be
provided. This opening must be located such that it can not be
blocked at any time.
When furnace is installed in a closet or enclosure, 2 ventilation
openings, with OPEN AREA as dimensioned in example below
are required for combustion air. The openings should be located
about 6 in. from top and bottom of enclosure at front of furnace.
5. Lockouts on start-up.
II.
The proper sizing of warm air ducts is necessary to ensure
satisfactory furnace operation. Duct work should be in accordance
with the latest editions of NFPA-90A (Installation of Air Conditioning and Ventilating Systems) and NFPA-90B (Warm Air
Heating and Air Conditioning Systems) or Canadian equivalent.
The supply duct work should be attached to flanged opening
provided at discharge end of furnace. See Fig. 5 for dimensions of
this opening.
The following recommendations should be followed when installing duct work:
1. Install locking-type dampers in all branches of individual
ducts to balance out system. Dampers should be adjusted to
impose proper static at outlet of furnace.
2. A flexible duct connector of noncombustible material
should be installed at unit on both supply- and return-air
systems. In applications where extremely quiet operation is
necessary, the first 10 ft (if possible) of supply and return
ducts should be internally lined with acoustical material.
3. In cases where return-air grille is located close to fan inlet,
there should be at least one 90° air turn between fan inlet
and grille. Further reduction in sound level can be accomplished by installing acoustical air turning vanes or lining
duct as described in item 2 above.
4. When a single air grille is used, duct between grille and
furnace must be the same size as return opening in furnace.
→ For Example:
UNIT
SIZE
036105
048125
060155
LENGTH
(IN.)
18
20
20
DUCT WORK RECOMMENDATIONS
HEIGHT
(IN.)
9
10
10
For a confined space, where air is taken from an interior space, 2
permanent openings of equal area are required. One opening must
be within 12 in. of ceiling and the other within 12 in. of floor. Each
opening must have a free area of at least 1 sq in. per 1000 Btuh of
total input rating but not less than 100 sq in.
If outside air is supplied to a confined space, then the 2 openings
must be equal and located as above. The free area of each must be:
CAUTION: Return-air grilles and warm air registers
MUST not be obstructed.
1. One sq in. per 4000 Btuh of total input rating when air is
directly communicated from outdoors.
2. One sq in. per 4000 Btuh of total input rating when air is
brought in through vertical ducts.
WARNING: When supply ducts carry air circulated by
furnace to areas outside spaces containing furnace, return
air MUST also be handled by a duct sealed to furnace
casing and terminating outside space containing furnace.
Incorrect duct work termination and sealing will create a
hazardous condition which could lead to bodily harm.
3. One sq in. per 2000 Btuh of total input rating when air is
transferred through horizontal ducts.
When ducts are used to supply air, they must be of the same cross
sectional area as free area of openings to which they connect.
The minimum dimension of rectangular air ducts must not be less
than 3 in.
In calculating free area, consideration shall be given to blocking
effect of louvers, grilles, or screens protecting openings. Screens
used shall not be smaller than 1/4-in. mesh and shall be readily
accessible for cleaning. If free area through a design of louver or
grille is known, it shall be used in calculating size design and free
area specified. If design and free area are not known, it may be
assumed that wood louvers have 20 percent free area and metal
louvers and grilles have 60 percent free area. Louvers shall be
fixed in open position or interlocked with furnace so they open
automatically at furnace start-up and remain open during furnace
operation.
When installing furnace with cooling equipment for year-round
operation, the following recommendations must be followed for
series or parallel airflow:
1. In series airflow applications, coil is mounted after furnace
in an enclosure in supply-air stream. The furnace blower is
used for both heating and cooling airflow.
WARNING: The coil MUST be installed on air discharge side of furnace. Under no circumstances should
airflow be such that cooled, conditioned air can pass over
furnace heat exchanger. This will cause condensation in
heat exchanger and possible failure of heat exchanger
which could lead to a fire hazard and/or a hazardous
condition which may lead to bodily harm. Heat exchanger
failure due to improper installation may not be covered by
warranty.
WARNING: Do not block combustion-air openings in
the furnace. Any blockage will result in improper combustion which may result in a fire hazard and/or cause
bodily harm.
→ The lack of a proper amount of combustion air can lead to serious
2. In parallel airflow applications, dampers must be provided
to direct air over furnace heat exchanger when heat is
desired and over cooling coil when cooling is desired.
IMPORTANT: The dampers should be adequate to prevent
cooled air from entering furnace. If manually operated, dampers
must be equipped with a means to prevent operation of either
cooling unit or furnace unless damper is in full cool or heat
position.
furnace operational problems. Some of these problems are:
1. Excessive oil burner after drip and oil fumes.
2. Sooting.
3. Melted oil burner couplings and/or ignitor/relay control.
4. A condition where air band or air shutter settings must be
more open than normal to achieve proper combustion.
—3—
VENTING INSTRUCTIONS
Venting of furnace should be to the outside and in accordance with
local codes or requirements of local utility.
OIL-FIRED APPLIANCES SHALL BE CONNECTED TO
FLUES HAVING SUFFICIENT DRAFT AT ALL TIMES TO
ENSURE SAFE AND PROPER OPERATION OF APPLIANCE.
For additional venting information, refer to ANSI/NFPA 211
Chimney, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel Burning Appliances
and/or CSA B139 Installation Code.
This furnace is certified for use with Type "L" vent (maximum flue
gas temperature 575°F).
I.
9. The chimney must extend 3 ft above highest point where it
passes through the roof of a building and at least 2 ft higher
than any portion of a building within a horizontal distance
of 10 ft. It shall also be extended at least 5 ft above highest
connected equipment flue collar.
10. Check local codes for any variance.
III.
→ IV.
HORIZONTAL VENTING
This furnace may be vented horizontally through an outside wall
when installed with 1 of the following auxiliary inducer blowers:
Tjernlund Products, Inc. Model SS1 (SS1C required in Canada)
available from: Tjernlund Products, Inc.
1601 Ninth Street
White Bear Lake, MN 55110-6795
(612) 426-2993
or
Fields Controls Model SWGII-5
(with a CK-60 or CK-61 control kit)
available from: Fields Controls Company
2308 Airport Road
Kinston, NC 28051
(919) 522-3031
NOTE: In both cases, the 24-v wiring schematic included with
inducer is the recommended wiring setup.
The use of either inducer can create a negative pressure in the area
where furnace is located if the proper combustion-air openings are
not available. This negative pressure can lead to excessive heat
being retained in heat exchanger, coking, and fumes. Refer to
NFPA-31 Section 1.5 for proper combustion-air requirements.
PRE-INSTALLATION VENT SYSTEM INSPECTION
Before furnace is installed, it is highly recommended that any
existing vent system be completely inspected.
For any chimney or vent, this should include the following:
1. Inspection for any deterioration in chimney or vent. If
deterioration is discovered, chimney must be repaired or
vent must be replaced.
2. Inspection to ascertain that vent system is clear and free of
obstructions. Any blockage must be cleared before installing furnace.
3. Cleaning chimney or vent if previously used for venting a
solid fuel burning appliance or fireplace.
4. Confirming that all unused chimney or vent connections are
properly sealed.
5. Verification that chimney is properly lined and sized per the
applicable codes. (Refer to list of codes in Safety Considerations section.)
II. MASONRY CHIMNEY
This furnace can be vented into an existing masonry chimney. This
furnace must not be vented into a chimney servicing a solid fuel
burning appliance. Before venting furnace into a chimney, the
chimney MUST be checked for deterioration and repaired if
necessary. The chimney must be properly lined and sized per local
or national codes.
If furnace is vented into a common chimney, the chimney must be
of sufficient area to accommodate the total flue products of all
appliances vented into chimney.
The following requirements are provided for a safe venting
system:
→
FACTORY-BUILT CHIMNEYS
Listed factory-built chimneys may be used. Refer to chimney
manufacturer’s instructions for proper installation.
CAUTION: USE METALLIC VENT PIPE ONLY!
PLASTIC VENTING MATERIALS ARE PROHIBITED!
1. Be sure that chimney flue is clear of any dirt or debris.
OIL BURNER
This furnace is supplied with a high-pressure atomizing retention
head type burner (for use with not heavier than grade 2 Fuel Oil).
The air tube length, from face of mounting plate to extreme face of
end cone, should be as shown in Table 3.
2. Be sure that chimney is not servicing an open fireplace.
→ TABLE 3—OIL BURNER AIR TUBE LENGTH
UNIT SIZE
036105
048125
060155
3. Never reduce pipe size below minimum certified furnace
pipe size as shown in Table 2.
TABLE 2—MINIMUM CERTIFIED FURNACE PIPE SIZE
(IN.)
UNIT SIZE
036105
048125
060155
MINIMUM PIPE DIAMETER
5
5
6
LENGTH (IN.)
5
5
7
OIL CONNECTIONS
Complete instructions for installation of fuel oil piping will be
found in oil burner Installation Instructions included with furnace.
→ Oil line entry holes are provided in side panels. Two holes are
provided in each location so that a 2-pipe system may be used if
desired.
→ A properly sized oil filter should be used with all oil burners and
should be installed as close to burner as possible. For a 2-pipe
system, a minimum capacity of 25 gph is needed.
4. All pipe should be supported using proper clamps and/or
straps. These supports should be at least every 4 ft.
5. All horizontal runs of pipe should have at least 1/4-in. per
ft of upward slope.
6. All runs of pipe should be as short as possible with as few
turns as possible.
BAROMETRIC DRAFT CONTROL
The barometric draft control shipped with furnace MUST be used
with furnace to ensure proper operation. Instructions for installing
control are packed with control. Refer to Fig. 6 for suggested
locations.
7. Seams should be tightly joined and checked for leaks.
8. The flue pipe must not extend into chimney but be flush
with inside wall.
—4—
ELECTRICAL
The appliance must be installed in accordance with current
ANSI/NFPA 70 National Electrical Code, CSA C22.1 Canadian
Electrical Code Part 1, and/or local codes.
The control system depends on correct polarity of power supply.
Connect HOT wire (H) and NEUTRAL wire (N) as shown in Fig.
7.
→ A separate line voltage supply MUST be used with a fused
disconnect switch or HACR-type circuit breaker between main
power panel and unit. (See Fig. 7.) Disconnecting means must be
within sight from furnace.
DO NOT TAMPER WITH UNIT OR CONTROLS—CALL
YOUR SERVICE TECHNICIAN.
II. RECOMMENDED INSTALLATION PRACTICES AND
COMBUSTION CHECK
In order to obtain optimum performance from oil burner, the
following setup procedures must be followed:
1. A test kit (Bacharach No. 5022 kit or equivalent) to measure
smoke, stack draft, over-fire draft, CO2, and stack temperatures MUST be used in order to obtain proper air band
setting. Although all of the above measurements are required for optimum setup and efficiency data, the most
important readings that must be taken are smoke number,
over-fire draft, and stack draft.
WARNING: The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted or unbroken electrical ground to minimize personal injury if an electrical fault should occur. A green
ground screw is provided in control box for this connection.
2. The proper smoke number has been established by engineering tests to be between 0 and 1. This degree of smoke
emission is commonly referred to as a "Trace" of smoke. It
is recommended to use a Bacharach true spot smoke test set
or equivalent.
Use only copper wire for 115-v supply service to unit.
Metallic conduit (where required/used) may terminate at side panel
of unit. It is not necessary to extend conduit inside unit from side
panel to control box.
When replacing any original furnace wiring, use only 105°C No.
16 AWG copper wire.
Instructions for wiring thermostat (field supplied) are packed in
thermostat box. Make thermostat connections as shown in Fig. 7 at
24-v terminal board on control box.
When installing optional accessories to this appliance, follow
manufacturer’s Installation Instructions included with accessory.
Other than wiring for thermostat, wire with a minimum of type "T"
insulation (63°F rise) must be used for accessories.
→ Two 1/4-in. quick-connect terminals marked EAC and N5 are
provided for electronic air cleaner (EAC) connection. (See Fig. 7.)
These terminals are energized with 115v (0.5-amp maximum)
during blower motor operation.
→ Two 1/4-in. quick-connect terminals marked HUM and N6 are
provided for 115-v humidifier connection. (See Fig. 7.) These
terminals are energized with 115v (0.5-amp maximum) during any
call for heat.
→
FILTERS
WARNING: Never operate unit without a filter or with
filter access door removed. Failure to adhere to this
warning could lead to a hazardous condition which could
lead to equipment damage and bodily harm.
An internal filter is provided as standard equipment with furnace.
Refer to Keeping Filters Clean section for filter cleaning information.
OPERATIONAL CHECKOUT
DO NOT START BURNER UNLESS BLOWER ACCESS
DOOR IS SECURED IN PLACE.
Installation of furnace is now complete and operational checkout
may be performed.
I.
START-UP
1. Check wiring against wiring diagram shown in Fig. 7.
2. Open valve on oil supply line.
3. Reset primary control.
4. Set thermostat above room temperature.
3. In order to ensure proper draft through furnace, a barometric draft regulator (supplied with furnace) must be installed
as close to outlet of furnace as possible.
In order for this device to function properly, barometric
damper must be mounted with hinge pins horizontal and
face of damper vertical. (See instructions included with
damper.) The draft regulator should be adjusted after
furnace has been firing for at least 10 minutes, and stack
draft should be measured and set between -0.025 and -0.035
in. wc. The draft should be checked with a Bacharach MZF
draft gage or equivalent.
4. The over-fire draft, which is taken through hole provided in
observation door, is a measurement necessary to determine
if there is a blockage between oil burner and flue outlet.
There should be a pressure drop of between 0.005 and 0.015
in. wc through furnace. This would set the range of the
over-fire draft between -0.01 and -0.03 in. wc. A reading
above -0.01 in. wc (for example +0.1 in. wc) would indicate
that furnace is in an extremely high-pressure condition in
primary section. This condition may be caused by excessive
combustion air due to air band being too wide open or a lack
of flue draft (chimney effect) or some other blockage, such
as soot, in secondary section of heat exchanger.
5. The CO2 and stack temperature instruments enable you to
obtain data required to determine thermal efficiency of
furnace.
6. An oil filter should be installed as close to burner as
possible with ALL oil burners and is essential on lower
firing rate burners. We recommend the use of a low
pressure drop oil filter such as the General Filter, Inc. model
#1A-25A or equivalent. It is critical that oil capacity be
equivalent or greater than fuel pump gear capacity. For a
2-pipe system, this is 25 gph.
7. The oil pressure regulator is factory set to give nozzle oil
pressures of 100 psig. The firing rate noted on nameplate
may be obtained with "standard" nozzles by adjusting pump
pressure as noted in Table 4 or on label on furnace.
On a new installation, air entrapped in oil line leading from
tank to nozzle must be thoroughly purged in order to
prevent excessive after drip. The oil pump is provided with
a special fitting which allows purging of any air between
tank and oil pump. The proper procedure for performing
this operation is as follows:
a. Place a piece of clear plastic 1/4-in. diameter tubing over
purge fitting on oil pump.
b. Start oil burner, then open purge fitting and allow burner
to run until purge tube is completely free of air bubbles.
5. Set main electrical switch to ON position. Burner should
start.
—5—
→ TABLE 4—BURNER, NOZZLE, AND PUMP
PRESSURE CHART
VIII.
FIRING
PUMP
BECKETT OIL BURNER
RATE
PRESSURE
Model
Nozzle
GAL/HR (US)
(PSIG)
0.75 gph
036105
0.76
103
AFG
70° Hollow
0.90 gph
048125
0.90
100
AFG
70° Hollow
1.10 gph
060155
1.12
104
AFG
70° Hollow
UNIT
SIZE
MAINTENANCE
→
WARNING: The ability to properly perform maintenance on this equipment requires certain expertise, mechanical skills, tools, and equipment. If you do not
possess these, do not attempt to perform any maintenance
on this equipment other than those procedures recommended in the User’s Manual. FAILURE TO FOLLOW
THIS WARNING COULD RESULT IN POSSIBLE
DAMAGE TO THIS EQUIPMENT, SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY, OR DEATH.
c. Tighten purge fitting. Allow oil to run to nozzle and fire
burner.
d. If purging takes longer than 30 sec and no flame has
been established, burner stops. Push reset button on top
of primary control to restart burner.
e. For detailed information on operation of primary control,
refer to instructions included with furnace.
III. FAN ADJUSTMENT CHECK
This furnace is equipped with a 3-speed direct-drive motor to
deliver a temperature rise (between return and supply plenums)
within range specified on rating plate at external duct static
pressure noted on rating plate.
WARNING: Before performing any service functions,
unless operations specifically require power to be on,
make sure all utilities are turned off upstream of appliance. Failure to comply with this warning will cause a fire
hazard and/or bodily harm.
CAUTION: When operating furnace in heating mode,
static pressure and temperature rise (supply-air temperature minus return-air temperature) must be within those
limits specified on rating label. Failure to follow this
warning could lead to severe furnace damage.
WARNING: To avoid personal injury, make sure electrical supply power is off before servicing.
→ I.
GENERAL
In order to keep this furnace in good operating condition and to
maintain its warranty, the furnace MUST be serviced on an annual
basis. This servicing includes a nozzle change, a burner inspection,
a visual check of tube passages through flue outlet and cleanout
ports, and a visual inspection of combustion chamber when burner
is removed.
Depending on above inspection, service could also include a
cleaning and vacuuming of heat exchanger tubes and possibly the
heat exchanger drum section.
Removal of any heat exchanger components which are sealed by
gaskets requires replacement of gasket.
Adjust fan speed so that temperature rise is within rise range
specified on rating plate. Consult wiring diagram for speed
changes on direct-drive motor.
To adjust fan off time, set DIP switches on control board to obtain
desired timing. (See Fig. 1.)
1
2
60 Sec
1
2
90 Sec
1
2
120 Sec
1
CONSTANT BLOWER SWITCH
This furnace is equipped with a constant low-speed blower option.
Whenever room thermostat is not calling for heating or cooling,
blower runs on low speed in order to provide air circulation. If
constant blower option is not desired, the rocker switch on side of
control box may be used to turn off constant speed.
2
150 Sec
DELAY OFF DIP SWITCH SETTINGS
A95115
WARNING: Failure to replace any heat exchanger gaskets with new gaskets when any heat exchanger plates or
covers are removed could lead to heat exchanger leakage,
sooting, and/or a hazardous condition capable of causing
bodily harm.
Fig. 1—Fan Off Time DIP Switch Settings
(Black Box Represents Switch Position)
IV. LIMIT CONTROL CHECK
After furnace has been in operation for at least 15 minutes, restrict
return-air supply by blocking filters or closing return registers and
allow furnace to shut down on high limit. The burner should shut
off, and main blower should continue to run.
Remove restriction, and burner should come back on in a few
minutes.
V. FOR YEAR-ROUND AIR CONDITIONING
This furnace is designed for use in conjunction with cooling
equipment to provide year-round air conditioning. The blower has
been sized for both heating and cooling, however, fan motor speed
may need to be changed to obtain necessary cooling airflow.
VI. HEATING
The blower speed is factory set to deliver required airflow at
normal duct static pressure.
VII. COOLING
The blower speed may be field adjusted to deliver required airflow
for cooling application. (See Table 5.)
This furnace should never be operated without an air filter.
Disposable filters should be replaced at least once a year. If
equipped to provide cooling, filters should be replaced a minimum
of twice a year. Permanent filters should be cleaned at least twice
a year.
ALWAYS KEEP MAIN OIL VALVE TURNED OFF IF
BURNER IS SHUT DOWN FOR AN EXTENDED PERIOD OF
TIME.
II. OIL BURNER
Contact your service technician for service.
Lubricate burner motor with SAE 10 oil. Once each year, pour 2
teaspoons of oil slowly into each oil cup.
To maintain proper performance, oil burner nozzle must be
replaced once a year.
—6—
The procedure for nozzle installation and/or replacement is outlined in oil burner instruction manual which came with furnace.
For ease of maintenance, the oiling procedure for burner motor, as
outlined in burner manual, should be performed at this time.
After replacement of nozzle, burner should be adjusted in accordance with Combustion Check section of this instruction.
→ III.
FLUE BOX
PARTITION
PANEL
CLEANOUT
PORT COVER
HEAT EXCHANGER AND FLUE PIPE
Ordinarily, it is not necessary to clean heat exchanger or flue pipe
every year, but it is necessary to have your service technician
check unit before each heating season to determine whether
cleaning or replacement of parts is required.
CLEANOUT
COVER
GASKET
CLEANOUT
COVER
CLAMP
BRACKET
A. Cleaning Secondary Heat Exchanger Tubes and
Flue Pipe Only
If cleaning of only the secondary heat exchanger tubes and flue
pipe is necessary, the following steps should be performed:
WING
CLAMP
NUT
INSULATION
1. Turn off all oil and electrical supplies upstream of furnace.
CAUTION: If furnace has been in operation, some
surfaces may be hot. Allow time for unit to cool down.
A96311
Fig. 3—Reinstalling Cleanout Port Covers
10. Turn on power to unit and readjust burner for proper
operation. Inspect cleanout ports and flue connection to
make sure there are no leaks.
B. Cleaning Both Primary and Secondary Heat
Exchangers
If a more thorough cleaning is required (both primary and
secondary heat exchanger sections), the following steps should be
performed:
1. Turn off all oil and electrical supplies upstream of furnace.
2. Disconnect flue pipe.
3. For access to cleanout ports, remove blower door and filter.
The 2 cleanout ports are located in blower compartment.
They protrude through the partition and are located on the
left and right of flue pipe. (See Fig. 2.)
4. Unscrew wing clamp nuts and remove cleanout port covers.
This allows access to tubes. (See Fig. 2.)
CLEANOUT
PORTS
CAUTION: If furnace has been in operation, some
surfaces may be hot. Allow time for unit to cool down.
CLEANOUT
PORT COVER
& CLAMP
ASSEMBLY
2. Remove blower door.
3. Disconnect flue pipe.
4. Remove outside flue collar.
5. Remove top rear panel.
NOTE: Blower removal as described in Blower Oiling and
Removal section may be desired for easier access when cleaning
with duct work attached.
6. Remove inside collar on flue pipe.
7. Remove top partition.
8. Place field-fabricated cardboard on metal tray beneath
collector box to prevent debris from entering blower compartment.
9. Remove flue collector box from secondary heat exchanger
tube flange. This exposes inside surfaces of secondary tubes
of heat exchanger.
10. Clean secondary tubes and flue pipe with a stiff brush and
vacuum cleaner.
11. Remove louvered door.
12. Disconnect limit control wires.
13. Disconnect oil line and remove oil burner from furnace.
14. Remove observation door and collar on observation tube.
15. Remove intermediate panel. Care must be taken not to bend
or damage limit control.
16. Loosen to hand tightness the 3 nuts labeled "A" in Fig. 4.
Remove screws labeled "B" in Fig. 4. Slide combustion
chamber forward out of heat exchanger. Be careful not to
bump combustion chamber as it becomes brittle after
having been fired.
BLOWER
DOOR
A96310
Fig. 2—Removing Cleanout Port Covers
5. Clean secondary tubes and flue pipe with a stiff brush and
vacuum cleaner.
6. Before reinstalling cleanout port covers, the gasket on each
cover MUST be replaced. Use cleanout port gasket kit Part
No. 20196201.
7. Reinstall covers and tighten in place making sure that
covers are properly seated over ports and gasket has sealed
opening. (See Fig. 3.)
WARNING: Failure to replace cleanout port cover gaskets, failure to properly seat covers over ports, and/or
failure to securely tighten wing nuts could lead to flue gas
leakage. This could lead to furnace damage, oil fumes,
sooting, and severe bodily harm.
8. Reconnect flue pipe.
9. Reinstall filter and blower door.
—7—
3. Remove screws securing blower legs to blower rails
mounted on bottom panel of furnace.
A
B
4. Slide blower forward on rails toward rear of unit until motor
wire connections at terminal block on motor can easily be
reached and disconnected.
5. Disconnect motor wires at terminal block on motor.
A96398
6. Remove blower from unit.
Fig. 4—Removing Combustion Chamber
7. Reverse items 1 through 6 to reinstall blower. Refer to
wiring diagram (Fig. 7) of these instructions or diagram
located on inside of louvered door to properly rewire unit.
17. Use a stiff brush and vacuum cleaner to clean inside of
primary drum.
CAUTION: Never use incendiary type cleaners (smoke
sticks) for cleaning!
V.
KEEPING FILTERS CLEAN
WARNING: Never operate unit without a filter or with
filter access door removed. Failure to adhere to this
warning could lead to a hazardous condition which could
lead to equipment damage and bodily harm.
WARNING: For all heat exchanger plates that have
been removed, the gaskets MUST be replaced. Failure to
replace gaskets could lead to heat exchanger leakage,
sooting, and a hazardous condition which could lead to
bodily harm.
As a homeowner, keeping filters clean is your most important
responsibility. A dirty filter reduces efficiency of your system,
causes erratic performance of controls, and could result in damage
to motor or heating element.
18. Before reassembly, heat exchanger and combustion chamber should be inspected to determine if replacement is
required. After cleaning, place combustion chamber back
into primary drum and secure with "B" screws. Ensure that
cover plate gasket is in place before tightening screws. Care
must be taken not to damage combustion chamber. The "B"
screws should be tightened to 35-45 lb-in.
1. Inspect filters at regular intervals depending upon dirt
conditions. For new homes, check filters every week for 4
consecutive weeks. In all cases, inspect filters at least every
3 to 4 weeks when system is in constant operation. Replace
or clean filter at least at beginning of each season (heating
and cooling) and thereafter as needed.
2. If a permanent filter is used, it can be cleaned with cold
water and soap.
Be sure that filter is thoroughly dry before installing back into
furnace.
19. Tighten "A" nuts to 30 lb-in. of torque (firm, but not overly
tight).
20. Replace intermediate panel, observation tube collar, observation door, limit wiring, and oil burner.
yyy
yyy
21. Replace collector box on secondary tube flange, ensuring
proper placement of gasket. Tighten screws to 35-45 lb-in.
of torque.
22. Replace top partition, inside collar on flue pipe, top rear
panel, outside flue collar, and blower door.
23. Reconnect flue pipe and oil line(s).
24. Readjust burner for proper operation. Check limit operation
as outlined in Limit Control Check section.
IV. BLOWER OILING AND REMOVAL
Periodic oiling of blower motor may be necessary. Check for
instructions on inside of blower access door.
If it is ever necessary to remove blower from furnace:
A95103
1. Turn off all electrical power to furnace.
2. Remove blower door.
→ TABLE 5—AIRFLOW DATA (CFM)
UNIT
SIZE
036105
048125
060155
BLOWER
SPEED
High
Medium
Low
High
Medium
Low
High
Medium
Low
0.1
1795
1365
995
1905
1750
1390
2025
1885
1555
0.2
1735
1335
965
1845
1675
1350
1960
1825
1490
0.3
1675
1305
945
1770
1620
1305
1905
1760
1445
EXTERNAL STATIC PRESSURE IN. WC
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
1605
1550
1485
1425
1275
1255
1215
1155
925
900
870
825
1695
1630
1565
1490
1560
1500
1440
1370
1260
1220
1180
1120
1850
1800
1665
1575
1705
1640
1565
1500
1410
1350
1280
1230
NOTES: 1. Airflow values in cubic ft per minute (CFM) rounded to nearest 5 CFM.
2. Data taken without filters in place.
—8—
0.8
1350
1105
775
1425
1305
1060
1500
1430
1155
0.9
1275
1050
725
1325
1235
985
1415
1350
1085
1.0
1220
985
670
1220
1130
880
1315
1265
1005
G
CLEAN-OUT PORTS
B
SUPPLY
DUCT
12 1⁄16″
A
D
RETURN
DUCT
E
3″
1″
H
1″
INSULATION
PARTITION
PANEL
ELECTRICAL
CONNECTIONS
F
C
FILTER
INSULATION
INTERMEDIATE
PANEL
OIL INLET
A96309
DIMENSIONS (IN.)
UNIT
SIZE
036105
048125
060155
Width
A
22
22
22
UNIT DIMENSIONS
Depth
Height
B
C
52
33
57
33
57
33
DUCT SUPPLY OPENING
D
20
20
20
E
17-1/4
22-1/4
22-1/4
→ Fig. 5—Dimensional Drawing
—9—
FLUE
DIAMETER
F
6
6
6
RETURN DUCT
G
20
20
20
H
18
18
18
BAROMETRIC DAMPER LOCATIONS
FIG. A
FIG. B
FIG. C
FIG. D
GOOD LOCATIONS
WRONG
FIG. G
WRONG
FIG. H
WRONG
FIG. K
WRONG
FIG. L
FIG. J
POOR
WRONG
BAD LOCATIONS
A95117
Fig. 6—Barometric Damper Locations
—10—
FIELD WIRING
C
L
H M
BR
TYPICAL THERMOSTAT
B
U
R
N
E
R
R1
E
A
C
1
C
O
N
T
2
COOL
Y
OFF
W
HEAT
W1 Y1
S
2
3
RD
TEMP
FALL
1
LEADS
UNUSED
MOTOR
CAP
LOW SPEED HEAT
CONNECTION DETAIL
BK YL
BL
F
RD
1 2 3 4
WH
INDOOR
BLOWER
MOTOR
BR
WIRE NUT CONNECTIONS
FACTORY WIRING
= TERMINAL NOT PROVIDED
= TERMINAL PROVIDED
GROUND
ORANGE WIRE NUT
24 V
LINE V
LINE V FACTORY WIRING
24 V
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD WIRING
H
E
A
T
4
L
AUTO
G
FAN
ADJUSTABLE
HEATING
ANTICIPATOR
BK
ON
WH
FIXED COOL
ANTICIPATOR
C
O
O
L
3
HM
L
YL
R
RD
RD
BL
F
RD
1 2 3 4
C
BR
BR
G
B
U
R
N
E
R
S
2
E
A
C
1
C
O
N
T
2
C
O
O
L
3
W
R
Y
H
E
A
T
4
2
90 Sec.
1
2
120 Sec.
1
105-- MED (M)
125-- MED (M)
155-- HIGH (H)
FACTORY SET
HEATING SPEED
5
6
N
7
C
H
U
M
T
1
2
1
4
7
I
BK
C
X
YL
BL
OR
L2 ORANGE
WH
OR
T1
T2
YL BL
COOLING
CONTACTOR
(IN AIR
CONDITIONER,
IF USED)
CN6
ENLARGED TOP VIEW
CAD CELL
FLAME DETECT
INTERUPTED OIL PRIMARY CONTROL
(BLACK)(WHITE)
L1
BK
WH
GND
WH
BURNER
MOTOR
BK
VI
LOW SPEED
FAN SWITCH
T1
T2
PRIMARY
CN6-6
GND
C
CN6-1
CN6-2
CIRCULATION
BLOWER
K1, K2
OIL ELECTRONIC FAN TIMER
CONTROL
K3
LIMIT SENSE
24VAC
TRANSFORMER
X
N4
HUMIDIFIER
(OPTIONAL)
BURNER
MOTOR
ACCESSORY
S1
N1
S3
120VAC
HUM
CN6-8
CN6-7
N3
C
G
Y
W
R
N6
TSTAT
CN6-4
N2
CIRCULATION
BLOWER
N5
N2
MEDIUM SPEED
HEAT CONNECTION
LOW
HIGH
MED
MED
L2
L1
PRIMARY
0
ELECTRONIC AIR
CLEANER
(OPTIONAL)
CONSTANT
HEAT
COOL
UNUSED MOTOR LEAD
K2
EAC
LOW SPEED
FAN SWITCH
HIGH
LOW
CIRCULATION BLOWER
L2(N)
(7) HUM TERMINAL IS 115V.
A96380
(4) CONNECT REQUIRED MOTOR LEAD TO HEAT TERMINAL ON CIRCUIT BOARD TO DELIVER
A TEMPERATURE RISE WITHIN THE RANGE SPECIFIED ON THE RATING PLATE.
(3) IF ANY OF THE ORIGINAL WIRE AS SUPPLIED WITH THE FURNACE MUST BE REPLACED,
IT MUST BE REPLACED WITH WIRING MATERIAL HAVING A TEMPERATURE RATING OF
AT LEAST 105° C AND BE A MINIMUM OF 16 GA. AWG COPPER STRAND WIRE. USE
COPPER WIRE ONLY FOR FIELD WIRING.
(2) WARNING--- UNIT MUST BE GROUNDED. WIRING MUST CONFORM TO N.E.C. AND
LOCAL CODES. IN CANADA WIRING MUST CONFORM TO CURRENT CSA 22.1 CANADIAN
ELECTRICAL CODE PART 1 AND/OR LOCAL CODES.
(6) FOR ELECTRICAL LOAD AMPERES, BRANCH CIRCUIT AMPACITY AND MAXIMUM FUSE
SIZE SEE FURNACE MODEL LABEL.
NOTES:
CN6-3
LIMIT
K1
K1
K2
UNUSED MOTOR LEAD
CONSTANT
LOW SPEED HEAT
CONNECTION
COOL
HEAT
115 VAC 1ø 60HZ POWER SUPPLY
(FUSED DISCONNECT ON HOT LEG)
(1) MAKE FIELD POWER SUPPLY CONNECTIONS TO BLACK AND WHITE WIRES CAPPED
WITH ORANGE WIRE NUTS.
GND
CN6-9
S2
L1(H)
(5) SET THE HEAT ANTICIPATOR ON THE THERMOSTAT AT .2 AMPS.
→ Fig. 7—Wiring Diagram
DELAY OFF
SELECT
ST9103
WH
GND
2
115 VAC /1Ø 60 HZ
(FUSED DISCONNECT ON HOT LEG)
L1 (H) POWER SUPPLY
L2 (N)
1
150 Sec.
DELAY OFF DIP SWITCH SETTINGS
SEE
NOTE 7
WH
DELAY OFF
SELECTION
DIP SWITCH
1
LEADS
3
RD/BK
UNUSED
MOTOR
RD
CAP
2
60 Sec.
1
MEDIUM SPEED
HEAT CONNECTION
BK
BLACK
BLUE
BROWN
GREEN
ORANGE
RED
RED/BLACK STRIPE
VIOLET
WHITE
YELLOW
LOW SPEED FAN SWITCH
TRANSFORMER
STARTING CAPACITOR
AUXILARY LIMIT
LIMIT
GROUND
INDOOR
BLOWER
MOTOR
BK
BL
BR
GR
OR
RD
RD/BK
VI
WH
YL
F
--T
--CAP - - AL - - --L
GND- - -
Honeywell
LEGEND
7
4
1
8
5
9
6
2
2
3
CN6
—11—
1
USER’S INFORMATION
HERE’S HOW YOUR HEATING SYSTEM WORKS
3. Set thermostat to lowest setting.
The furnace operates automatically. It is controlled by a thermostat
4. Turn on electric power to furnace.
which you set at the temperature most comfortable to you. When
5. Open oil supply valve.
the inside temperature drops below this setting, your thermostat
will turn on heating system.
6. Check all connections to ensure there are no leaks.
When thermostat calls for heat, power from transformer energizes
III. LIGHTING YOUR FURNACE
fan control board. The fan control energizes ignition control. The
ignition control lights burner automatically.
CAUTION: This furnace is equipped with an interrupted
I.
The electronic fan control automatically turns on blower after 30
sec. Fan on control is not adjustable. The air which is moved over
heat exchanger by the blower is warmed and passes through ducts
to room registers.
When thermostat is satisfied, the circuit is de-energized and
primary control shuts off burner. The blower continues to run until
selectable fan off time period has expired.
type electronic ignition system. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO
LIGHT WITH A MATCH.
→
The heat sensing switch performs as furnace high-temperature
limit switch. If furnace overheats for any reason, the limit switch
opens, breaking circuit to burner. The blower motor is energized,
and as unit cools, the limit switch closes. This relights burner, but
unless overheating condition is corrected, furnace will cycle on
limit.
→ This unit is equipped with an interrupted ignition electronic
control. If main burner does not ignite within 30 sec from call for
heat, the control locks out. The red button on top of control must
be depressed for 3 sec in order to reset control. The control
CANNOT be reset from room thermostat.
DANGER: HIGH VOLTAGE AT IGNITOR. Severe
electrical shock, personal injury, or death could result.
1. This appliance is equipped with an ignition device which
automatically lights burner. Do NOT try to light burner by
hand.
2. After preparing furnace for heating operation (see previous
section) and checking for oil, proceed as follows.
3. For heating/cooling system, set thermostat to HEAT and fan
to AUTO. Set thermostat to desired room temperature and
turn on electrical power to furnace.
4. The burner should light and system should be controlled by
thermostat.
II. PREPARING YOUR FURNACE FOR OPERATION
Before attempting to put your furnace into operation for the
heating season, you should perform the following procedures:
IV. TURNING OFF YOUR FURNACE
Follow these simple procedures to put your furnace into "retirement" for the summer.
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions
exactly, a fire or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury, or loss of life.
1. Set thermostat to lowest setting.
2. Turn off all electrical power to appliance.
3. Turn off oil supply.
1. Open all warm-air registers and make sure all return-air
grilles are unobstructed.
4. If applicable, turn off water supply to humidifier.
5. If furnace blower will be necessary for cooling system,
remember to turn electrical power back on when needed for
air conditioning.
2. If a humidifier is installed with your system, open water
supply valve.
FOR SERVICE CALL
NAME:
ADDRESS:
TELEPHONE:
© 1997 Bryant Heating & Cooling Systems 7310 W. Morris St. Indianapolis, IN 46231
—12—
Printed in U.S.A.
362a1051
Catalog No. BDP-3336-203
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